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1

Mobile Learning Approaches for U.S. Army Training.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this research was to review the current literature on mobile learning and identify potential approaches of incorporating smartphone technologies in US Army training. Specifically, the research reports successful demonstrations of mobile lea...

J. S. Tucker

2010-01-01

2

CAREER MOBILITY IN AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION: A SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY APPROACH  

Microsoft Academic Search

mobility phenomenon. An appealing approach for such an in-depth inquiry into turnover is social learning theory. Social learning theory posits that psychological functioning can be explained in terms of the interaction of personal characteristics, previous behavior (learning) and environmental determinants (Chapman, 1984). This psychological functioning involves valuing certain outcomes, discriminating among situations in terms of their potential to bring about

Tom Grady

1990-01-01

3

Towards a task model for mobile learning: a dialectical approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our approach to understanding mobile learning begins by describing a dialectical approach to the development and presentation of a task model using the socio- cognitive engineering design method. This analysis synthesises relevant theoretical approaches. We then examine two field studies which feed into the development of the task model.

Josie Taylor; Mike Sharples; Claire O'malley; Giasemi N. Vavoula; Jenny Waycott

2006-01-01

4

A Personalized Recommendation-Based Mobile Learning Approach to Improving the Reading Performance of EFL Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, a personalized recommendation-based mobile language learning approach is proposed. A mobile learning system has been developed based on the approach by providing a reading material recommendation mechanism for guiding EFL (English as Foreign Language) students to read articles that match their preferences and knowledge levels, and a…

Hsu, Ching-Kun; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Chang, Chih-Kai

2013-01-01

5

Action Research Approach on Mobile Learning Design for the Underserved  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses an action research study focused on developing a mobile learning model of literacy development for underserved migrant indigenous children in Latin America. The research study incorporated a cyclical action model with four distinctive stages (Strategize, Apply, Evaluate, and Reflect) designed to guide constituencies involved…

Kim, Paul H.

2009-01-01

6

Investigating Acceptance toward Mobile Learning to Assist Individual Knowledge Management: Based on Activity Theory Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile devices could facilitate human interaction and access to knowledge resources anytime and anywhere. With respect to wide application possibilities of mobile learning, investigating learners' acceptance towards it is an essential issue. Based on activity theory approach, this research explores positive factors for the acceptance of m-learning

Liaw, Shu-Sheng; Hatala, Marek; Huang, Hsiu-Mei

2010-01-01

7

An Inquiry-Based Mobile Learning Approach to Enhancing Social Science Learning Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study presents a mobile exploration activity that guides elementary students to learn during a social science activity with digital support from mobile devices and wireless communications. The students are situated in both the real world and the virtual world to extend their learning experiences. The learning activities between the field and…

Shih, Ju-Ling; Chuang, Chien-Wen; Hwang, Gwo-Jen

2010-01-01

8

A knowledge engineering approach to developing e-libraries for mobile learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present an innovative approach that is proposed for developing e-libraries with metadata to meet the need of training observation and classification skills in a mobile learning environment. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A knowledge engineering approach is proposed to assist teachers in defining metadata of e-libraries to meet the need of training observation and

Hui-chun Chu; Gwo-jen Hwang; Shu-xian Huang; Ting-ting Wu

2008-01-01

9

Adaptive Device Context Based Mobile Learning Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning is e-learning delivered through mobile computing devices, which represents the next stage of computer-aided, multi-media based learning. Therefore, mobile learning is transforming the way of traditional education. However, as most current e-learning systems and their contents are not suitable for mobile devices, an approach for…

Pu, Haitao; Lin, Jinjiao; Song, Yanwei; Liu, Fasheng

2011-01-01

10

Mobile Learning Anytime, Anywhere  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some educational institutions are taking the leap to mobile learning (m-learning) by giving out free iPods. For example, Abilene Christian University gave iPods or iPhones to freshman students and developed 15 Web applications specifically for the mobile devices. The iPod is not the only ubiquitous m-learning device. Any technology that connects…

Hlodan, Oksana

2010-01-01

11

Interactive mobile learning: a pilot study of a new approach for sport science and medical undergraduate students.  

PubMed

Mobile learning has increasingly become interwoven into the fabric of learning and teaching in the United Kingdom higher education sector, and as technological issues become addressed, this phenomena has accelerated. The aim of the study was to examine whether learning using a mobile learning device (Samsung NC10 Netbook) loaded with interactive exercises promoted learning compared with a traditional library exercise. Using a randomized trial, 55 students from an undergraduate sports science course (n = 28) and medical course (n = 27) volunteered to participate in this study. A mixed-model design ANOVA was used to examine the percent change in test score after a 3-wk intervention. Results showed that there was a significant difference between the two courses (P < 0.001), methods (P = 0.01), and trials (P < 0.001). The findings suggested that both methods augmented student knowledge and understanding in sports science and medical students. The sports science group demonstrated proportionally greater increases in test performance when exposed to the mobile interactive intervention compared with the traditional library approach. Qualitative data suggest an increased level of engagement with the Netbooks due to the stimulating interactive content. In conclusion, the Netbooks were an effective additional learning tool, significantly enhancing knowledge and understanding in students. Further research should ensure that participants are assessed for preferred learning styles, the subjective task value of expectancy value, and readiness for mobile learning to ascertain if this has an effect on the potential for using mobile learning and interactivity. PMID:24292904

Bruce-Low, S S; Burnet, S; Arber, K; Price, D; Webster, L; Stopforth, M

2013-12-01

12

Service-oriented Approach towards Context-aware Mobile Learning Management Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Thanks to the public and low cost availability of wireless high speed internet access students are increasingly equipped with mobile internet enabled devices to connect to university services like Learning Management System (LMS). But the applications ser...

D. Tavangarian P. Lehsten R. Zender U. Lucke

2010-01-01

13

A task-centred approach to evaluating a mobile learning environment for pedagogical soundness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this paper is how to evaluate the pedagogical soundness of a mobile learning environment in which many users (both teachers and learners) may not have previously encountered mobile technology, so may be uncertain how best to deploy it to achieve their goals. Drawing on concepts from Activity Theory and the socio-cognitive engineering method described by Sharples (2000),

Josie Taylor; IET UserLab

2003-01-01

14

A service-oriented approach towards context-aware mobile Learning Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thanks to the public and low cost availability of wireless high speed internet access students are increasingly equipped with mobile internet enabled devices to connect to university services like Learning Management System (LMS). But the applications services like LMS are still unable to adapt themselves to modern mobile devices with restrictions like reduced display size. By recognizing the device and

Philipp Lehsten; Raphael Zender; Ulrike Lucke; Djamshid Tavangarian

2010-01-01

15

Embodied Computation: An Active-Learning Approach to Mobile Robotics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a newly designed upper-level undergraduate and graduate course, Autonomous Mobile Robots. The course employs active, cooperative, problem-based learning and is grounded in the fundamental computational problems in mobile robotics defined by Dudek and Jenkin. Students receive a broad survey of robotics through lectures, weekly…

Riek, L. D.

2013-01-01

16

An Interactive Concept Map Approach to Supporting Mobile Learning Activities for Natural Science Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile and wireless communication technologies not only enable anytime and anywhere learning, but also provide the opportunity to develop learning environments that combine real-world and digital-world resources. Nevertheless, researchers have indicated that, without effective tools for helping students organize their observations in the field,…

Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Wu, Po-Han; Ke, Hui-Ru

2011-01-01

17

Mobile Learning and Mobility in Teacher Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the mobile learning project, where a mobile device is used for educational activities. The article defines the word mobility from the educational point of view. The main perspective in this article is in teacher training. We present experiences of how mobile technology was used in teacher training, how trainees and supervising teachers felt the use of mobile

Pauliina Seppälä; Harri Alamäki

2002-01-01

18

Visual approach skill for a mobile robot using learning and fusion of simple skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a reinforcement learning algorithm which allows a robot, with a single camera mounted on a pan tilt platform, to learn simple skills such as watch and orientation and to obtain the complex skill called approach combining the previously learned ones. The reinforcement signal the robot receives is a real continuous value so it is not necessary to

María Jesús López Boada; Ramón Barber; Miguel Angel Salichs

2002-01-01

19

Peak Detection Method Evaluation for Ion Mobility Spectrometry by Using Machine Learning Approaches  

PubMed Central

Ion mobility spectrometry with pre-separation by multi-capillary columns (MCC/IMS) has become an established inexpensive, non-invasive bioanalytics technology for detecting volatile organic compounds (VOCs) with various metabolomics applications in medical research. To pave the way for this technology towards daily usage in medical practice, different steps still have to be taken. With respect to modern biomarker research, one of the most important tasks is the automatic classification of patient-specific data sets into different groups, healthy or not, for instance. Although sophisticated machine learning methods exist, an inevitable preprocessing step is reliable and robust peak detection without manual intervention. In this work we evaluate four state-of-the-art approaches for automated IMS-based peak detection: local maxima search, watershed transformation with IPHEx, region-merging with VisualNow, and peak model estimation (PME). We manually generated a gold standard with the aid of a domain expert (manual) and compare the performance of the four peak calling methods with respect to two distinct criteria. We first utilize established machine learning methods and systematically study their classification performance based on the four peak detectors’ results. Second, we investigate the classification variance and robustness regarding perturbation and overfitting. Our main finding is that the power of the classification accuracy is almost equally good for all methods, the manually created gold standard as well as the four automatic peak finding methods. In addition, we note that all tools, manual and automatic, are similarly robust against perturbations. However, the classification performance is more robust against overfitting when using the PME as peak calling preprocessor. In summary, we conclude that all methods, though small differences exist, are largely reliable and enable a wide spectrum of real-world biomedical applications.

Hauschild, Anne-Christin; Kopczynski, Dominik; D'Addario, Marianna; Baumbach, Jorg Ingo; Rahmann, Sven; Baumbach, Jan

2013-01-01

20

Information empowerment through mobile learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information empowers those who make sense from its successful interpretation; this is especially true on the subject of weather where the recipient is required to have prior forms of fundamental understanding towards the natural occurring phenomenon and its effects. This study facilitates the learning of complex weather phenomena for children using a unique educational approach using mobile technology. The initiative

Raymond Koon Chuan Koh; Henry Xin Liong Tan; Henry Been-lirn Duh

2009-01-01

21

Interactive Mobile Learning: A Pilot Study of a New Approach for Sport Science and Medical Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning has increasingly become interwoven into the fabric of learning and teaching in the United Kingdom higher education sector, and as technological issues become addressed, this phenomena has accelerated. The aim of the study was to examine whether learning using a mobile learning device (Samsung NC10 Netbook) loaded with interactive…

Bruce-Low, S. S.; Burnet, S.; Arber, K.; Price, D.; Webster, L.; Stopforth, M.

2013-01-01

22

Getting Ready For Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

From e-learning to m-learning, mobile learning is going to be the next wave of learning environment. But many issues regarding mobile learning have not exhaustively been covered. This paper focuses on implementing learning module issues regarding m-learning using a simple case study. Although most typical e-learning systems encompass some sort of assessment components, most existing systems are tailored toward PC

Tiong Goh

23

Context Awareness and Adaptation in Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the importance of context-awareness and adaptation in mobile learning. Context-aware mobile learning that senses mobile environment and reacts to changing context during learning process has four interaction modes with three mobile entities of different mobility. Contexts in mobile learning are categorized into six dimensions that form a context space. Several mobile learning systems are examined according to

Yuan-kai Wang

2004-01-01

24

MoLeNET Mobile Learning Conference 2009: Research Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mobile Learning Network (MoLeNET) is a unique collaborative approach to encouraging, supporting, expanding and promoting mobile learning, primarily in English post-14 education and training, via supported shared cost mobile learning projects. Collaboration at national level involves participating institutions and the Learning and Skills…

Guy Parker, Ed.

2010-01-01

25

Innovation in Mobile Learning: A European Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the evolving landscape of mobile learning, European researchers have conducted significant mobile learning projects, representing a distinct perspective on mobile learning research and development. Our paper aims to explore how these projects have arisen, showing the driving forces of European innovation in mobile learning. We propose context as a central construct in mobile learning and examine theories of learning

Agnes Kukulska-Hulme; Mike Sharples; Marcelo Milrad; Inmaculada Arnedillo Sánchez; Giasemi N. Vavoula

2009-01-01

26

A Service Oriented Architecture to Integrate Mobile Assessment in Learning Management Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile Learning (M-Learning) is an approach to E-Learning that utilizes mobile devices. Learning Management System (LMS) should enable M-Learning. Unfortunately, M-Learning is not the same at each educational institution. Assessment is one of the learning activities that can be achieved electronically and via mobile device. Mobile assessment…

Riad, A. M.; El-Ghareeb, H. A.

2008-01-01

27

Learning Spaces in Mobile Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning (m-learning) environments open a wide range of new and exciting learning opportunities, and envision students who are continually on the move, learn across space and time, and move from topic to topic and in and out of interaction with technology. In this article we present findings from a study of how students manoeuvre and study…

Solvberg, Astrid M.; Rismark, Marit

2012-01-01

28

Mobile learning for the twenty-first century librarian  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to present a review of selected mobile learning literature and programmatic approaches for librarians interested in developing mobile digital library services in order to equip readers with a framework for understanding and appreciating mobile digital librarianship. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A literature review is culled from distance learning, medical informatics and medical librarianship, internet social studies, and

Jim Hahn

2008-01-01

29

Mobile learning in teacher training  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a mobile learning project, where mobile devices are used for educational activities. The main focus of this paper is teacher training. Experiences on the use of mobile technology and how it was used in teacher training, especially how trainees and supervising teachers felt about it, are presented. The pilot study was carried out at the Department of

Pauliina Seppälä; Harri Alamäki

2003-01-01

30

Mobile Learning: Current Trend and Future Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to the thrive of mobile network and portable device, distance learning is evolved from desktop computer to mobile device. Mobile learning is the use of mobile or wireless devices for learning while the learner is on the move. In this study, the strengths of mobile learning supported by industrial and academic projects are elaborated. These also mark the current

Robert Yu-liang Ting

2005-01-01

31

Educational Metadata for Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose an educational metadata schema for use with mobile learning. The development of metadata schemas has been at the core of the learning technology standardisation process. These proposals have been aimed at conventional eLearning on a desktop computer in a formal training and teaching environment. Our aim has been to specify a metadata schema, based on the existing IEEE

Tony Chan; Mike Sharples; Giasemi N. Vavoula; Peter Lonsdale

2004-01-01

32

Expert Concept Mapping Study on Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The present paper introduces concept mapping as a structured participative conceptualization approach to identify clusters of ideas and opinions generated by experts within the domain of mobile learning. Utilizing this approach, the paper aims to contribute to a definition of key domain characteristics by identifying the main educational…

Borner, Dirk; Glahn, Christian; Stoyanov, Slavi; Kalz, Marco; Specht, Marcus

2010-01-01

33

Mobile Learning: A New Paradigm in Electronic Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

As mobile phone becomes popular in the society and many people can afford the cost, the demand of mobility is extended to teaching and learning purposes. One recent and significant change in learning environment is the demand of mobility. This paper will introduce a proposed framework of mobile learning. It consists of four functional levels: (1) mobile learning applications, (2)

Chi-hong Leung; Yuen-yan Chan

2003-01-01

34

Limitations of Mobile Phone Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we discuss weaknesses inherent in mobile phone learning, and factors that limit its viability. (We do not discuss other m-learning devices such as PDAs.) We conclude that, while e-learning has met with some acceptance among educators and is increasingly being implemented, it will be necessary to solve the problems that we discuss before m-learning can become effective,

Wang Shudong; Michael Higgins

2005-01-01

35

Viewing Mobile Learning from a Pedagogical Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning is a relatively new phenomenon and the theoretical basis is currently under development. The paper presents a pedagogical perspective of mobile learning which highlights three central features of mobile learning: authenticity, collaboration and personalisation, embedded in the unique timespace contexts of mobile learning. A…

Kearney, Matthew; Schuck, Sandra; Burden, Kevin; Aubusson, Peter

2012-01-01

36

Client Mobile Software Design Principles for Mobile Learning Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract—In a client-server mobile learning system, client mobile software must run on the mobile phone to acquire, package, and send student’s interaction data via the mobile communications network to the ,connected mobile application server. The server will receive and process the client data in order to offer appropriate content and learning activities. To develop the mobile learning systems there are

Qing Tan; Kinshuk Kinshuk

2009-01-01

37

Will Mobile Learning Change Language Learning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of mobile phones and other portable devices is beginning to have an impact on how learning takes place in many disciplines and contexts, including language learning. Learners who are not dependent on access to fixed computers can engage in activities that relate more closely to their current surroundings, sometimes crossing the border…

Kukulska-Hulme, Agnes

2009-01-01

38

Savannah: mobile gaming and learning?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports a study that attempts to explore how using mobile technologies in direct physical interaction with space and with other players can be combined with principles of engagement and self-motivation to create a powerful and engaging learning experience. We developed a mobile gaming experience designed to encourage the development of children's conceptual understanding of animal behaviour. Ten children

Keri Facer; Richard W. Joiner; D. Stanton; Josephine Reid; Richard Hull; D. Kirk

2004-01-01

39

Savannah: Mobile Gaming and Learning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports a study that attempts to explore how using mobile technologies in direct physical interaction with space and with other players can be combined with principles of engagement and self-motivation to create a powerful and engaging learning experience. We developed a mobile gaming experience designed to encourage the development of…

Facer, K.; Joiner, R.; Stanton, D.; Reid, J.; Hull, R.; Kirk, D.

2004-01-01

40

Mobile helper for university students: a design for a mobile learning environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a design case study for a mobile learning (M-learning) environment that follows a user- centred design approach. This development of the system applied an M-learning design framework to identify appropriate design requirements in practice. Author Keywords Mobile Helper, contextual help, university, user-centred design

Richard Brown; Hokyoung Ryu; David Parsons

2006-01-01

41

Usability guidelines for designing mobile learning portals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile learning presumes the use of mobile Internet technology to facilitate the learning process. The growth and rapid evolution of the wireless technology have created new opportunities for anytime and anywhere learning paradigm. As a result, numerous mobile learning portals have been developed to gain the advantages of it. Nonetheless, there is little research and exploration has been initiated in

Daniel Su Kuen Seong

2006-01-01

42

A SERVICE ORIENTED ARCHITECTURE TO INTEGRATE MOBILE ASSESSMENT IN LEARNING MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile Learning (M-Learning) is an approach to E-Learning that utilizes mobile devices. Learning Management System (LMS) should enable M-Learning. Unfortunately, M- Learning is not the same at each educational institution. Assessment is one of the learning activities that can be achieved electronically and via mobile device. Mobile assessment relies on services that are not part of the LMS. Integrating different

A. M. RIAD

2008-01-01

43

Mobile Learning for All  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents and educational professionals are asking the question, "Are schools preparing students for their future lives?" Mobile technologies such as smart phones, iPods, GPS systems, iPads, and a constant stream of information drive much of people's world and work. The use of such technologies increases with each passing day. But how often do…

Bestwick, Angel; Campbell, John R.

2010-01-01

44

Towards a Theory of Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

A first step in postulating a theory of mobile learning is to distinguish what is special about mobile learning compared to other types of learning activity. An obvious, yet essential, difference is that it starts from the assumption that learners are continually on the move. We learn across space as we take ideas and learning resources gained in one location

Mike Sharples; Josie Taylor; Giasemi Vavoula

45

Learning Resource Adaptation and Delivery Framework for Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the rapid development of wireless networks and mobile devices, mobile learning has got more and more attention. However, most of current learning resources (LR) were designed with desktop computers and high-speed network connections. Moreover, for different user preferences in mobile learning environment, not all of the data are relevant and critical to the learning process. It is a challenge

Zhao Gang; Yang Zongkai

2005-01-01

46

The MObile-Based Interactive Learning Environment (MOBILE) and A Case Study for Assisting Elementary School English Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research develops a mobile-based interactive learning environment (MOBILE) for aiding elementary school English learning. The MOBILE consists of a mobile learning server and mobile learning tools, which is able to support in- or outdoor learning activities. Several theme-based mobile learning activities including body parts learning and creation of species are conducted. Experimental results obtained from posttests and questionnaire indicate

Tan-hsu Tan; Tsung-yu Liu

2004-01-01

47

Evaluating Mobile Learning: Reflections on Current Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The field of mobile learning is at present characterised by a proliferation of pilots and trials that allow mobile technologies to be tested out in a variety of learning contexts. The sustained deployment of mobile learning will depend on the quality of these pilots and trials, which includes evaluation methodology and reporting. The paper examines current evaluation practice, based on

John Traxler; Agnes Kukulska-Hulme

48

Using Mobile Learning to Increase Environmental Awareness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning or m-learning, a relatively new concept, has attracted the interest of educators, researchers, and companies developing learning systems and instructional materials. This study investigated the use of integrating use of mobile technologies, data services, and multimedia messaging systems to increase students' use of mobile

Uzunboylu, Huseyin; Cavus, Nadire; Ercag, Erinc

2009-01-01

49

Mobile Learning for Teacher Professional Learning: Benefits, Obstacles and Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reflects on the role of mobile learning in teachers' professional learning. It argues that effective professional learning requires reflection and collaboration and that mobile learning is ideally suited to allow reflection-in-action and to capture the spontaneity of learning moments. The paper also argues for the value of…

Aubusson, Peter; Schuck, Sandy; Burden, Kevin

2009-01-01

50

Scaffolding in Connectivist Mobile Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social networks and mobile technologies are transforming learning ecology. In this changing learning environment, we find a variety of new learner needs. The aim of this study is to investigate how to provide scaffolding to the learners in connectivist mobile learning environment: (1) to learn in a networked environment; (2) to manage their…

Ozan, Ozlem

2013-01-01

51

Current State of Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Since the start of the current millennium, experience and expertise in the development,and,delivery of mobile learning,have,blossomed,and,a community ofpractice,has evolved,that is distinct,from,the established,communities,of “tethered” e-learning. This community,is currently visible mainly,through,dedi- cated international conference series, of which MLEARN is the most prestigious, rather than through any dedicated journals. So far, these forms of develop- ment,and,delivery,have,focused,on short-term small-scale pilots and,trials in the

John Traxler

52

Mobile Learning: From Single Project Status into the Mainstream?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During recent years, many distance teaching as well as residential institutions have started to experiment with mobile learning through pilot projects as part of their e-learning and technology enhanced learning environments. The practical experience gained with the employment of strategies and approaches within distance education can assist with…

Zawacki-Richter, Olaf; Brown, Tom; Delport, Rhena

2009-01-01

53

Mobile Internet Usability: What Can 'Mobile Learning' Learn from the Past?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile Learning' is a type of application\\/service that generally presumes to use mobile Internet technology for learning purposes. This paper focuses on discussing basic usability principles from Mobile Internet technologies in general. It is argued that part of the success of 'Mobile Learning' will depend on the extent to which current k nowledge about best practice in usability are heeded.

Maria Uther

2002-01-01

54

Connecting Learning Spaces Using Mobile Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of mobile technology can help extend children's learning spaces and enrich the learning experiences in their everyday lives where they move from one context to another, switching locations, social groups, technologies, and topics. When students have ubiquitous access to mobile devices with full connectivity, the in-situ use of the mobile

Chen, Wenli; Seow, Peter; So, Hyo-Jeong; Toh, Yancy; Looi, Chee-Kit

2010-01-01

55

Research of mobile learning system based on cloud computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile learning is one of the most important e-Learning models, with the development of technology, cloud computing provides a new idea for mobile learning. After analyzing mobile learning and the various advantages it got from the cloud computing, the paper introduces a cloud-computing-based mobile learning system model, in order to promote the development of mobile learning.

Shaoyong Chen; Min Lin; Huanming Zhang

2011-01-01

56

Incorporating Mobile Learning into Athletic Training Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To introduce and present techniques for incorporating mobile learning into athletic training education. Background: The matriculation of digital natives into college has stimulated the identification and development of new teaching and learning strategies. Electronic learning (e-learning), including the use of learning management…

Davie, Emily

2009-01-01

57

Disruptive Devices: Mobile Technology for Conversational Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learners can command an increasing range of mobile technologies that have the potential to support learning anytime anywhere, but also to disrupt the carefully managed environment of the classroom. This paper outlines a theory of learning as conversation that can provide a framework for the design of mobile networked technology for learning. It describes a prototype device based on a

Mike Sharples

2003-01-01

58

An Architecture for Adaptive Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present an adaptive mobile learning system that helps users study learning materials anytime anywhere with handheld computers such as PDAs. The theme of this research is to demonstrate the synergetic effects of mobility and adaptivity that are contextualized in a learning environment. Our system considers the information about the cognitive load that a learner is experiencing

Hyosook Jung; Kwang-sik Chung

2006-01-01

59

Blurring Lines with Mobile Learning Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores how the future of mobile learning games lies in the blurring of the line between fun and learning, between in-school and out-of-school. Accomplishing this requires new paradigms as well as new technologies. Mobile learning games can be the conduits between the world of school and the world of life, and make them both more fun…

Klopfer, Eric

2007-01-01

60

Design and Implementation of Mobile English Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the rapid development of computer and the mobile communication technology, mobile learning arises at the historic moment, which makes people gain learning environment and resources anytime and anywhere. As English has the characters of weak systematic and trivial knowledge, we make a research of the development of resources to provide learners Flake Learning. Firstly, we make a research of

Shuyun Han; Weiliang Kong; Qingtang Liu; Lian Zhou

2010-01-01

61

Are You Ready for Mobile Learning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning is defined as the intersection of mobile computing (the application of small, portable, and wireless computing and communication devices) and e-learning (learning facilitated and supported through the use of information and communications technology). Consequently, it comes as no surprise that sooner or later people would begin to…

Corbeil, Joseph Rene; Valdes-Corbeil, Maria Elena

2007-01-01

62

A Mobile Learning Organiser for University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the trial of a mobile learning organiser, developed for use by university students. Based on a wirelessly-enabled Pocket PC, the organiser makes use of existing mobile applications as well as tools designed specifically for the context of learning. The trial set out to identify what are the key tools for such a learning device. The primary uses

Dan Corlett; Mike Sharples; Tony Chan; Susan Bull

2004-01-01

63

Mobile learning with a mobile game: design and motivational effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile technologies offer the opportunity to embed learning in a natural environment. This paper describes the design of the MobileGame prototype, exploring the opportunities to support learning through an orientation game in a university setting. The paper first in- troduces the scenario and then describes the general architecture of the prototype. The main part of the paper focuses on the

Gerhard Schwabe; Christoph Göth

2005-01-01

64

A Review of Literature in Mobile Learning: Affordances and Constraints  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile learning, sometimes referred to as `m-learning' or `handheld learning,' has become a new focus for technical issues as well as pedagogical issues for instructional technology. This paper reviews literature that deals with the definition of mobile learning, distinguishing it from traditional e-learning. It also reviews the affordances and constraints of mobile learning, and addresses how mobile learning is being

Gregg Orr

2010-01-01

65

Mobile Phone Images and Video in Science Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports a study into how mobile phones could be used to enhance teaching and learning in secondary school science. It describes four lessons devised by groups of Sri Lankan teachers all of which centred on the use of the mobile phone cameras rather than their communication functions. A qualitative methodological approach was used to…

Ekanayake, Sakunthala Yatigammana; Wishart, Jocelyn

2014-01-01

66

Incremental supervised learning for mobile robot reactive control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reactive control for a mobile robot can be defined as a mapping from a perceptual space to a command space. This mapping can be hard-coded by the user (potential fields, fuzzy logic), and can also be learnt. This paper is concerned with supervised learning for perception to action mapping for a mobile robot. Among the existing neural approaches for supervised

Patrick Reignier; Volker Hansen; James L. Crowley

1997-01-01

67

Effectiveness of Mobile Learning in Distance Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main aim of this research is to better understand and measure students' attitudes and perceptions towards the importance of mobile learning in distance education. Results of this survey clearly indicate that facilitating mobile learning can improve the entire distance education by enhancing ways of communication among distance learners, tutors…

Yousuf, Muhammad Imran

2007-01-01

68

Mobile Learning: At the Tipping Point  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile technologies are interfacing with all aspects of our lives including Web 2.0 tools and applications, immersive virtual world environments, and online environments to present educational opportunities for 24/7 learning at the learner's discretion. Mobile devices are allowing educators to build new community learning ecosystems for and by…

Franklin, Teresa

2011-01-01

69

Mobile Learning Devices. Essentials for Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Mobile Learning Devices," the author helps educators confront and overcome their fears and doubts about using mobile learning devices (MLDs) such as cell phones, personal digital assistants, MP3 players, handheld games, digital audio players, and laptops in classrooms. School policies that ban such tools are outdated, the author suggests;…

Rogers, Kipp D.

2011-01-01

70

Going Mobile: Perspectives on Aligning Learning and Teaching in Geography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been little consideration to date regarding how we might best adjust our assessment protocols so that the overall learning experience remains appropriately aligned to both content and teaching approach when adopting location-specific mobile learning. This paper explores the success of a novel strategy to design an assessment regime that…

Jarvis, Claire H.; Dickie, Jennifer; Brown, Gavin

2013-01-01

71

Fostering Personalized Learning in Science Inquiry Supported by Mobile Technologies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we present a mobile technology-assisted seamless learning process design where students were facilitated to develop their personalized and diversified understanding in a primary school's science topic of the life cycles of various living things. A goal-based approach to experiential learning model was adopted as the pedagogical…

Song, Yanjie; Wong, Lung-Hsiang; Looi, Chee-Kit

2012-01-01

72

63. Mobile Learning in Developing Nations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper looks at the diffusion and applications of mobile phone technology in Asia and Africa, compared with North America. It indicates that Asian distance education can be the global leader in the development of educational uses for the mobile phone; and it considers the potential for mobile learning in Africa and other developing regions.…

Motlik, Scott

2008-01-01

73

Realizing the Promises of Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers the current status of mobile learning and discusses a number of trends that are driving toward enterprise mobility, a state of technological readiness where users have full access to resources regardless of physical location. Enterprise mobility is discussed as one of several key considerations at the core of a successful…

Wagner, Ellen D.

2008-01-01

74

Mobile learning: A framework and evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wireless data communications in form of Short Message Service (SMS) and Wireless Access Protocols (WAP) browsers have gained global popularity, yet, not much has been done to extend the usage of these devices in electronic learning (e-learning). This project explores the extension of e-learning into wireless\\/handheld (W\\/H) computing devices with the help of a mobile learning (m-learning) framework. This framework

Luvai F. Motiwalla

2007-01-01

75

Using Mobile Learning: Determinates Impacting Behavioral Intention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the factors or determinates that impact the behavioral intention of students to use mobile learning (m-learning) technology. These determinates include performance expectancy, effort expectancy, and self-management of learning, all mediated by age, gender, or both. Regression coefficients showed strong and significant…

Lowenthal, Jeffrey N.

2010-01-01

76

Visual Interactive and Location Activated Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we proposed an application on smart phones for interactive mobile learning. Image recognition technology is used to link physical objects seen through the camera to relevant information. Through the built-in camera on the smart phone, visual interactive learning can be realized. With the GPS sensor, location activated learning is also possible. Combining both the camera and the

Yiqun Li; Aiyuan Guo; Jimmy Addison Lee; Yan Gao; Yii Leong Ling

2012-01-01

77

Personalized Intelligent Mobile Learning System for Supporting Effective English Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since English has been an international language, how to enhance English levels of people by useful computer assisted learning forms or tools is a critical issue in non-English speaking countries because it definitely affects the overall competition ability of a country. With the rapid growth of wireless and mobile technologies, the mobile learning has been gradually considered as a novel

Chih-ming Chen; Shih-hsun Hsu

2008-01-01

78

The Construction of System Model about Mobile-Learning Based on Mobile Phone  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the theoretical basis, characteristics and feasibility of M-Learning based on mobile phone firstly, and then builds a system model of M-Learning based on mobile phone which including mobile education platform module, mobile teaching resource library module, mobile management system module, and mobile learning support platform module. Finally, we use a case of English teaching to interpret typical

Chengling Zhao; Yanqin Wu; Fengfeng Duan

2009-01-01

79

Challenging Mobile Learning Discourse through Research: Student Perceptions of "Blackboard Mobile Learn" and "iPads"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many university academics disagree with the rationale that we should pursue mobile learning because 21st century students are apparently demanding it. We argue that the only defensible rationale for making mobile learning part of pedagogy is because it enhances student learning. This presentation shares results from research with 135 students…

Kinash, Shelley; Brand, Jeffrey; Mathew, Trishita

2012-01-01

80

Automatic Learning by an Autonomous Mobile Robot.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper describes recent research in automatic learning by the autonomous mobile robot HERMIES-IIB at the Center for Engineering Systems Advanced Research (CESAR). By acting on the environment and observing the consequences during a set of training exa...

G. de Saussure P. F. Spelt S. M. Killough F. G. Pin C. R. Weisbin

1989-01-01

81

HTML5 for Mobile Applications for Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Glahn, C. (2011). HTML5 for Mobile Applications for Learning. Presentation held at the Blueteam-Workshop, Bluetea\\/Stepco-group. February, 21, 2011, Heerlen, The Netherlands: Open University of the Netherlands, CELSTEC.

Christian Glahn

2011-01-01

82

A Study of Design Requirements for Mobile Learning Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a conceptual framework for mobile learning applications that provides systematic support for mobile learning experience design. It is based on a combination of a game metaphor and several studies of mobile learning contexts. An account of the Ambient Wood project is used to explore the relationship between the framework and mobile learning design requirements in practice.

David Parsons; Hokyoung Ryu; Mark Cranshaw

2006-01-01

83

A Novel Mobile Learning Assistant System  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The growth of wireless networking and the maturing of online learning have created an environment in which students are mobile\\u000a and leaning is no longer tethered to the classroom or the laboratory. We have developed a mobile learning platform, which\\u000a supports multi-media courses delivery and has applied in Network Education College of Shanghai Jiaotong University. Based\\u000a on the platform, this

Ren Tong; Zuwei Hu; Peng Han; Fan Yang

2005-01-01

84

Place-Based Learning and Mobile Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When delivered on a mobile device, interpretive tours of a locale afford powerful learning experiences. As mobile devices become more powerful, content for these devices that is individualized and location-specific has become more common. In light of this trend, Oregon State University Extension developed a GPS-enabled iPhone tree tour…

LaBelle, Chris

2011-01-01

85

Modeling learning effects in mobile texting  

Microsoft Academic Search

No work on mobile text messaging so far has taken into account the effect of learning on the change in visual exploration behavior as users progress from non-expert to expert level. We discuss within the domain of multi-tap texting on mobile phone and address the process of searching versus selecting a letter on the keypad interface. We develop a simulation

Arindam Das; Wolfgang Stuerzlinger

2008-01-01

86

Effectiveness of Vocabulary Learning via Mobile Phone  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whereas the penetration of mobile phones in Asian countries keeps climbing, little research has explored the application of the short message service (SMS) in second language learning. This study aims to examine the effectiveness of SMS vocabulary lessons of limited lexical information on the small screens of mobile phones. Thirty high school…

Lu, M.

2008-01-01

87

MobiLearn Education for mobile people  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines an ongoing research project on training, education and sharing of experiences among mobile people. The importance for professionals to continuously learn is widely recognized. Organizations in the new economy are dependent on organizational knowledge and competence. Mobile workers need alternative educational and knowledge development opportunities that are not restrained by time and space. The research aims at

Christian Hardless; Johan Lundin; Anders Lööf; Louice Nilsson; Urban Nuldén

88

Universal Instructional Design Principles for Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report extends a previous analysis of universal instructional design principles in distance education by applying them to the design of mobile learning. Eight principles with particular relevance for distance education are selected, and their recommendations are discussed in relation to the design of educational materials for a range of mobile

Elias, Tanya

2011-01-01

89

Acceptability of an Asynchronous Learning Forum on Mobile Devices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning has recently become noteworthy because mobile devices have become popular. To construct an asynchronous learning forum on mobile devices is important because an asynchronous learning forum is always an essential part of networked asynchronous distance learning. However, the input interface in handheld learning devices, which is…

Chang, Chih-Kai

2010-01-01

90

Automatic learning by an autonomous mobile robot  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes recent research in automatic learning by the autonomous mobile robot HERMIES-IIB at the Center for Engineering Systems Advanced Research (CESAR). By acting on the environment and observing the consequences during a set of training examples, the robot learns a sequence of successful manipulations on a simulated control panel. The robot learns to classify panel configurations in order to deal with new configurations that are not part of the original training set. 5 refs., 2 figs.

de Saussure, G.; Spelt, P.F.; Killough, S.M.; Pin, F.G.; Weisbin, C.R.

1989-01-01

91

Learning applications of multi-tasking signal analysis of Fourier transform based on smart mobile devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a viable approach and a new teaching and learning paradigm to enhance the effectiveness of teaching fast Fourier transform [1] and significantly improve the learning outcomes. By using the smart mobile devices, this approach establishes the links among concepts, abstract representations, and realistic applications which are often lacking in traditional instruction. Several mobile apps for real time

Zhengzhe Li; Teng Zhao; Dong Ren; Yang Zhang; Lei Wang

2012-01-01

92

Personalized Intelligent Mobile Learning System for Supporting Effective English Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since English has been an international language, how to enhance English levels of people by useful computer assisted learning forms or tools is a critical issue in non-English speaking countries because it definitely affects the overall competition ability of a country. With the rapid growth of wireless and mobile technologies, the mobile

Chen, Chih-Ming; Hsu, Shih-Hsun

2008-01-01

93

Getting Ready for Mobile Learning--Adaptation Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emerging from e-learning, mobile learning is going to be a significant next wave of learning environments. This is an evolving research area and many issues regarding mobile learning have not yet been exhaustively covered. This article focuses on implementing m-learning modules using a simple case study. Most existing typical e-learning systems…

Goh, Tiong; Kinshuk

2006-01-01

94

A Middleware for Adapting Context to Mobile and Collaborative Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapid and accelerating move toward the adoption and use of mobile and wireless technologies creates opportunity for new research field-'mobile learning' that includes a variety of applications and new learning techniques. An efficient mobile learning system has to be sensitive to the context that characterizes the interactions between humans, applications and the surrounding environment. Researches in context aware mobile

Jihen Malek; Alain Derycke; Mona Laroussi

2006-01-01

95

Setting the New Standard with Mobile Computing in Online Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning represents exciting new frontiers in education and pedagogy. With the features of "wearable" computing and multimedia content delivery via mobile technologies, mobile learning becomes feasible and offers new benefits to instructors and learners. How do mobile technologies influence our teaching and learning in traditional…

Shih, Yuhsun Edward; Mills, Dennis

2007-01-01

96

On-line and Mobil Learning Activities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Introductory college-level science courses for non-majors are critical gateways to imparting not only discipline-specific information, but also the basics of the scientific method and how science influences society. They are also indispensable for student success to degree. On-line, web-based homework (whether on computers or mobile devices) is a rapidly growing use of the Internet and is becoming a major component of instruction in science, replacing delayed feedback from a few major exams. Web delivery and grading of traditional textbook-type questions is equally effective as having students write them out for hand grading, as measured by student performance on conceptual and problem solving exams. During this presentation we will demonstrate some of the interactive on-line activities used to teach concepts and how scientists approach problem solving, and how these activities have impacted student learning. Evaluation of the activities, including formative and summative, will be discussed and provide evidence that these interactive activities significantly enhance understanding of introductory meteorological concepts in a college-level science course. More advanced interactive activities are also used in our courses for department majors, some of these will be discussed and demonstrated. Bring your mobile devices to play along! Here is an example on teaching contouring: http://profhorn.aos.wisc.edu/wxwise/contour/index.html

Ackerman, S. A.; Whittaker, T. M.; Jasmin, T.; Mooney, M. E.

2012-12-01

97

The Current Perspectives, Theories and Practices of Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning (m-learning) is a highly popular multidisciplinary study field around the world. It has attracted a great deal of attention from researchers in different disciplines who have realized the potential to apply mobile technologies to enhance learning. Thus, mobile learning has been defined differently by different people. This study is…

Keskin, Nilgun Ozdamar; Metcalf, David

2011-01-01

98

Where is Mobile Learning Going?  

Microsoft Academic Search

M-learning is a quite new, exciting and promising field. Papers on this domain are spread through several conference and workshops proceedings, so it is rather difficult to have a complete view of the field. This paper aims at helping, by reviewing the existing work, and classifying the research directions that try to answer the questions of how m-learning will help

Anna Trifonova; Marco Ronchetti

99

Neurofuzzy Learning of Mobile Robot Behaviours  

Microsoft Academic Search

The era of mobile robotics for use in service and field applications is gaining momentum. The need for adaptability becomes\\u000a self evident in allowing robots to evolve better behaviors to meet overall task criteria. We report the use of neuro-fuzzy\\u000a learning for teaching mobile robot behaviors, selecting exemplar cases from a potential continuum of behaviors. Proximate\\u000a active sensing was successfully

Richard Willgoss; Javaid Iqbal

1999-01-01

100

Improving Mobile Learning with Enhanced Shih's Model of Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More recent motivational research focuses on the identification of effective techniques for enhancing instructional design and meeting the needs of diverse student populations (Wlodkowski R. J., 1981). Learning-motivation researchers are applying some of the same theories and concepts found to be effective in industry to the development of…

Moses, Oyelami Olufemi

2008-01-01

101

SYSTEMS APPROACH TO LEARNING.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

TO PERMIT COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS FOR PURPOSES OF EDUCATIONAL PLANNING AT SAN MATEO, FIVE INSTITUTIONS WITH SYSTEMS PROGRAMS ARE EVALUATED ON THE BASIS OF TRIP NOTES. OAKLAND COMMUNITY COLLEGE HAS BEEN COMPLETELY ORGANIZED AROUND THE VOLUNTARY WORK-STUDY LABORATORY APPROACH TO LEARNING. ORAL ROBERTS UNIVERSITY, OKLAHOMA CHRISTIAN COLLEGE, HENRY FORD…

WIENS, JACOB H.

102

User Modelling and Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a study investigating the potential for two user modelling systems: a location-aware user modelling system providing easy access to applications, files and course materials commonly used by an individual student in different locations; and a mobile open learner model for consultation by a student away from the intelligent tutoring system in which the learner model was generated.

Susan Bull

2003-01-01

103

Designing a Mobile System for Lifelong Learning on the Move  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Life-long Learning Initiative seeks to fulfil a variety of learning needs for Shanghai citizens. Given the popularity of mobile devices in Shanghai, the ability to provide learning in informal settings through mobile devices is a key objective and challenge of the Initiative. In order to learn how to develop usable learning content for…

Gu, X.; Gu, F.; Laffey, J. M.

2011-01-01

104

Design and development of a mobile learning management system adaptive to learning style of students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I suggest applying adaptive techniques to build educational systems. On the basis of prevailing e-learning Web platforms, a mobile platform could be used as a new educational environment. It is a mobile learning management system adaptive to students' learning styles, using a mobile learning environment and unique characteristics of mobile equipments. Through this system, I expect to

Gangnae-Myon Chongwon-Gun Chungbuk

2005-01-01

105

Realizing Outdoor Independent Learning with a Butterfly-Watching Mobile Learning System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we describe the development of a mobile butterfly-watching learning (BWL) system to realize outdoor independent learning for mobile learners. The mobile butterfly-watching learning system was designed in a wireless mobile ad-hoc learning environment. This is first result to provide a cognitive tool with supporting the independent…

Chen, Yuh-Shyan; Kao, Tai-Chien; Sheu, Jang-Ping

2005-01-01

106

A Mobile Tool for Learning English Words  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technology is changing very rapidly and nearly all branches of education are affected by these changes. As a result of these rapid changes there has been significant interest and growth in the number of educational institutions using mobile devices to support learning and teaching. There is also an increase use of wireless technologies in…

Cavus, Nadire; Ibrahim, Dogan

2008-01-01

107

Adaptive and Intelligent Route Learning for Mobile Assets Using Geo-tracking and Context Profiles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Currently available asset tracking systems are not cost effective in mobile and wireless computing infrastructures, and they do not learn the asset's route to act accordingly. Hence our main goal is to not only to track mobile assets by using an efficient geographical tracking approach, but also adapt their routes by means of intelligent route learning techniques. We thus designed

Dineshbalu Balakrishnan; Amiya Nayak; Pulak Dhar

2009-01-01

108

A General Architecture to Support Mobility in Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

A rather new tendency in distance learning is the usage of mobile and wireless technologies to support learners and educators. In this paper we present an architecture, where the functionalities of e-learning platform are presented as web services and on top of it a mobile Learning Management System is taking the responsibilities of adapting those services for the mobile users

Anna Trifonova; Marco Ronchetti

2004-01-01

109

The comparative study of Chinese mainstream mobile learning software  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the rapid development of mobile technology and wireless networks, the application prospects of mobile learning is getting more and more broad. My work aimed at the current four major mobile learning software, Nokia's “Mobiledu”, Digidea's “Englishto”, Unbounded Learning's “Drop English”, “Learneasy” soft to make a comparative analysis of their interface design, technical support and content design. The analysis has

Baojing Zhang; Jing Liu; Jun Han; Hongyun Xu

2010-01-01

110

Working Memory Capacity and Mobile Multimedia Learning Environments: Individual Differences in Learning While Mobile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the effects of individual differences in working memory capacity (WMC) on learning from an historical inquiry multimedia tutorial in stationary versus mobile learning environments using a portable digital media player (i.e., iPod). Students with low (n = 44) and high (n = 40) working memory capacity, as measured by the…

Doolittle, Peter E.; Mariano, Gina J.

2008-01-01

111

Examining Informal Learning Using Mobile Devices in the Healthcare Workplace  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study of workplace learning and informal learning are not new to adult education and pedagogy. However, the use of mobile devices as learning tools for informal learning in the workplace is an understudied area. Using theories on informal learning and constructivism as a framework, this paper explores informal learning of registered nurses…

Fahlman, Dorothy

2013-01-01

112

User Acceptance of Mobile Knowledge Management Learning System: Design and Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thanks to advanced developments in wireless technology, learners can now utilize digital learning websites at anytime and anywhere. Mobile learning captures more and more attention in the wave of digital learning. Evolving use of knowledge management plays an important role to enhance problem solving skills. Recently, innovative approaches for…

Chen, Hong-Ren; Huang, Hui-Ling

2010-01-01

113

Assessing the Role of Mobile Learning Systems in Graduate Management Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Mobile learning has come a long way since Sir Isaac Pitman initiated the first correspondence course in the early 1840s. The\\u000a demands of globalization call for new and innovative learning systems for enhancing graduate management education. One approach\\u000a for meeting these challenges is through the increased use of mobile learning systems like the iPad. The purpose of this paper\\u000a is

Owen P. Hall Jr; David M. Smith

114

Learner-centric design of digital mobile learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile devices such a mobile phones, PDAs and iPods can have more processing power, slicker displays, and more interesting applications than were commonly available on desktop machines ten years ago, and educators are quickly realising their potential to be used as powerful learning tools. However, the application of mobile technologies to learning contexts must take into account a number of

Leonard Low; Margaret O'Connell

115

Ontology-based framework for context-aware mobile learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile learning is becoming an important research topic as people are increasingly connected through smart phones that combine telephony, computing, messaging, and multimedia. The process of designing, communicating and presenting learning resources for mobile learners poses new challenges to the research community. This is mainly due to the limited bandwidth of wireless networks, limited resource available on mobile devices, and

Jawad Berri; Rachid Benlamri; Yacine Atif

2006-01-01

116

A reference model for mobile social software for learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a reference model for mobile social software and uses it to analyse the current state-of-the-art in its applications for learning. A general overview of the literature in the field and the available projects will be given. The reference model for mobile social software helps us to (1) find out to what extent mobile social software for learning

Tim De Jong; Marcus Specht; Rob Koper

2008-01-01

117

Challenging Assumptions: Mobile Learning for Mathematics Project in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article introduces the Nokia Mobile Learning for Mathematics Project in South Africa, which made use of mobile technology to support mathematics learning at 30 public secondary schools. It draws on the evaluation of this project from January to June 2010. The article discusses learner access to mobile devices, learner and teacher uptake and…

Roberts, Nicky; Vanska, Riitta

2011-01-01

118

Offline Mobile Learning: Open Platforms for ICT4D  

Microsoft Academic Search

In developing countries, mobile devices can play an important role in delivering learning. But, poor information infrastructure and higher costs of mobile devices and connectivity restrict possibilities of providing successful mobile learning services. In the field of Information Communication for Development (ICT4D), this research aims to highlight the possible role of previously unexplored open hardware platforms for delivering affordable and

Sujan Shrestha; John P. T. Moore; José L. Abdelnour-Nocera

2010-01-01

119

Towards a multi-vendor Mobile Learning Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents Porta-bile, a project under development in our University that intends to investigate the use of mobile computing technologies to support the learning processes in an educational context. The project focuses on the technological aspects of mobile learning, and on their integration with e-Learning systems, and more generally, with the information systems of the academic institutions. The project

Luigi Colazzo; Andrea Molinari; Marco Ronchetti; Anna Trifonova

120

Defining Mobile Learning in the Higher Education Landscape  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article seeks to clarify the meaning of mobile learning by applying its key concepts to learning experiences in post-school education. In other words, it seeks not to discuss one fixed meaning of mobile learning but to disassemble the basic components and provide an interpretation of the model in the context of higher education. The article…

El-Hussein, Mohamed Osman M.; Cronje, Johannes C.

2010-01-01

121

Student Use and Pedagogical Impact of a Mobile Learning Application  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning (m-learning) is a relevant innovation in teaching and learning in higher education. A mobile app called NutriBiochem was developed for use in biochemistry and nutrition education for students in a second year Biochemistry and Metabolism course. NutriBiochem was accessed through smartphones, tablets, or computers. Students were…

Teri, Saskia; Acai, Anita; Griffith, Douglas; Mahmoud, Qusay; Ma, David W. L.; Newton, Genevieve

2014-01-01

122

Situated Learning in the Mobile Age: Mobile Devices on a Field Trip to the Sea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on learning about fish biodiversity via mobile devices in a situated learning scenario. Mobile devices do not only facilitate relating the presented information to the real world in a direct way; they also allow the provision of dynamic representations on demand. This study asks whether mobile devices are suited to support…

Pfeiffer, Vanessa D. I.; Gemballa, Sven; Jarodzka, Halszka; Scheiter, Katharina; Gerjets, Peter

2009-01-01

123

Anatomy of a Mobilized Lesson: Learning "My Way"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the mass adoption of mobile computing devices by the current school generation, significant opportunities have emerged for genuinely supporting differentiated and personalized learning experiences through mobile devices. In our school-based research work in introducing mobilized curricula to a class, we observe one compelling mobilized lesson…

Looi, Chee-Kit; Wong, Lung-Hsiang; So, Hyo-Jeong; Seow, Peter; Toh, Yancy; Chen, Wenli; Zhang, Baohui; Norris, Cathie; Soloway, Elliot

2009-01-01

124

Experimenting with Mobile Learning in a University Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a mobile learning project, where mobile devices are used for educational activities. The article defines the word "mobility" from the educational point of view. The authors present experiences recorded while using mobile technology in teacher training and among students of forest resource. Two pilots were carried out at the…

Alamaki, Harri; Seppala, Pauliina

125

Autonomous Color Learning on a Mobile Robot  

Microsoft Academic Search

Color segmentation is a challenging subtask in computer vi- sion. Most popular approaches are computationally expensive, involve an extensive off-line training phase and\\/or rely on a sta- tionary camera. This paper presents an approach for color learn- ing on-board a legged robot with limited computational and memory resources. A key defining feature of the approach is that it works without

Mohan Sridharan; Peter Stone

2005-01-01

126

Robot Awareness in Cooperative Mobile Robot Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most of the straight-forward learning approaches in cooperative robotics imply for each learning robot a state space growth exponential in the number of team members. To remedy the exponentially large state space, we propose to investigate a less demanding cooperation mechanism—i.e., various levels of awareness—instead of communication. We define awareness as the perception of other robots locations and actions. We

Claude F. Touzet

2000-01-01

127

A Pedagogical Framework for Mobile Learning: Categorizing Educational Applications of Mobile Technologies into Four Types  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional designers and educators recognize the potential of mobile technologies as a learning tool for students and have incorporated them into the distance learning environment. However, little research has been done to categorize the numerous examples of mobile learning in the context of distance education, and few instructional design…

Park, Yeonjeong

2011-01-01

128

Mobile technology: lessons learned along the way.  

PubMed

Although mobile technology has the potential to promote patient safety by increasing accuracy and efficiency, faculty may find instituting a personal digital assistant (PDA) program overwhelming. In addition, there is a dearth of information on how students are using this technology. The authors discuss the implementation of a PDA program that required all nursing students entering their first clinical rotation to purchase a PDA loaded with nursing software and describe how the students used this technology. Lessons learned along the way are emphasized to help faculty develop, implement, and/or improve their school's PDA/software program. PMID:21502842

Beard, Kenya V; Greenfield, Sue; Morote, Elsa-Sophia; Walter, Richard

2011-01-01

129

Restoration scheme of mobility databases by mobility learning and prediction in PCS networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a restoration scheme based on mobility learning and prediction in the presence of the failure of mobility databases in personal communication systems (PCSs). In PCSs, mobility databases must maintain the current location information of users to provide a fast connection for them. However, the malfunction of mobility databases may cause some location information to be lost. As

Joon-min Gil; Chan Yeol Park; Chong-sun Hwang; Doo-soon Park; Jin Gon Shon; Young-sik Jeong

2001-01-01

130

CELSTEC Learning Labs: Mobile App Development for Education and Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

Specht, M. (2011). CELSTEC Learning Labs: Mobile App Development for Education and Training. Presentation given in Workshop at CELSTEC Learning Lab for Bluetea. February, 21, 2011, Heerlen, The Netherlands.

Marcus Specht

2011-01-01

131

Engaging Students in Higher Education through Mobile Learning: Lessons Learnt in a Chinese Entrepreneurship Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This evaluative-exploratory case study reports pedagogical experiences with using mobiles phones, wikis, and other mobile learning approaches such as podcasts and walking tours as educational tools in the context of an undergraduate course on Chinese Entrepreneurship and Asian Business Networks taught at a university in Singapore. Conceptualized…

Menkhoff, Thomas; Bengtsson, Magnus Lars

2012-01-01

132

Introducing Mobility in Serious Games: Enhancing Situated and Collaborative Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This paper explores the introduction of mobile technologies in a particular serious games subset called learning games. We\\u000a focus on two main purposes where mobility turns out to be useful: situated learning and collaborative learning. The article\\u000a outlines the opportunities and the remaining challenges for these learning situations. Some important issues are highlighted\\u000a for immerging learners in real context. We

Sébastien George; Audrey Serna

133

Message Design for Mobile Learning: Learning Theories, Human Cognition and Design Principles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The demands of an increasingly knowledge-based society and the dramatic advances in mobile phone technology are combining to spur the growth of mobile learning (mLearning). However, for mLearning to attain its full potential, it is essential to develop pedagogy and instructional design tailored to the needs of this new learning environment. At…

Wang, Minjuan; Shen, Ruimin

2012-01-01

134

WE NEED AN EDUCATIONALLY RELEVANT DEFINITION OF MOBILE LEARNING  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we challenge current definitions of mobile learning and suggest that the direction of progress, both in theoretical\\/applied research as well as its role as a tool that serves social transformation and development, will be determined and even dictated by the availability of an adequate definition. A new framework for the definition of mobile learning is proposed, one

Yiannis Laouris; Cyprus Neuroscience; Nikleia Eteokleous

135

Color learning and illumination invariance on mobile robots: A survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent developments in sensor technology have made it feasible to use mobile robots in several fields, but robots still lack the ability to accurately sense the environment. A major challenge to the widespread deployment of mobile robots is the ability to function autonomously, learning useful models of environmental features, recogniz- ing environmental changes, and adapting the learned models in response

Mohan Sridharan; Peter Stone

2009-01-01

136

Learning Bridges: A Role for Mobile Technologies in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

MyArtSpace is a service for children to spread their learning between schools and museums using mobile phones linked to a personal Web space. Using MyArtSpace as an example, the authors discuss the possibilities for mobile technology to form bridges between formal and informal learning. They also offer guidelines for designing such bridges.…

Vavoula, Giasemi; Sharples, Mike; Lonsdale, Peter; Rudman, Paul; Meek, Julia

2007-01-01

137

Evaluation of a Mobile Learning Organiser for University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a 10-month trial of a mobile learning organiser, developed for use by university students. Implemented on a wireless-enabled Pocket PC hand-held computer, the organiser makes use of existing mobile applications as well as tools designed specifically for students to manage their learning. The trial set out to identify the…

Corlett, Dan; Sharples, Mike; Bull, Susan; Chan, Tony

2005-01-01

138

A Framework for Sustainable Mobile Learning in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While there are studies that have looked at the implementation of mobile learning in educational institutions, particularly the identification of issues encountered, few studies have explored holistically the elements that sustain mobile learning. This study dissects the findings of a longitudinal study of a secondary school adopting a personal…

Ng, Wan; Nicholas, Howard

2013-01-01

139

Middle School Students' Learning of Mathematics Using Mobile Phones: Conditions and Consequences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We used a grounded theory approach to investigate and describe the learning of middle school students when they carry out mathematical activities (in the classroom or out of it) and explore mathematical objects and relations using mobile phones. We found that a web of conditions and consequences could be related to the students' learning when they…

Baya'a, Nimer; Daher, Wajeeh

2010-01-01

140

Issues of E-Learning Standards and Identity Management for Mobility and Collaboration in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper seeks to investigate and report on the status of identity management systems and e-learning standards across Europe for promoting mobility, collaboration and the sharing of contents and services in higher education institutions. Design/methodology/approach: The present research work examines existing e-learning standards and…

Alves, Paulo; Uhomoibhi, James

2010-01-01

141

Cellular IP: a new approach to Internet host mobility  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a new approach to Internet host mobility. We argue that by separating local and wide area mobility, the performance of existing mobile host protocols (e.g. Mobile IP) can be significantly improved. We propose Cellular IP, a new lightweight and robust protocol that is optimized to support local mobility but efficiently interworks with Mobile IP to provide wide

András Gergely Valkó

1999-01-01

142

A Mobile Learning Module for High School Fieldwork  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although fieldwork is always cited as an important component of geographic education, there are many obstacles for executing high school fieldwork. Mobile electronic products are becoming popular and some schools are able to acquire these devices for mobile learning. This study attempts to provide a mobile-assisted means of guiding students…

Hsu, Tzu-Yen; Chen, Che-Ming

2010-01-01

143

Mobile Learning in Nursing Practice Education: Applying Koole's FRAME Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We report here on an exploratory formative evaluation of a project to integrate mobile learning into a Western Canadian college nursing program. Third-year students used Hewlett Packard iPAQ mobile devices for five weeks in a practice education course in April-May, 2007. Koole's (2009) "Framework for the Rational Analysis of Mobile Education"…

Kenny, Richard F.; Van Neste-Kenny, Jocelyne M. C.; Park, Caroline L.; Burton, Pamela A.; Meiers, Jan

2009-01-01

144

A Mobile Butterfly-Watching Learning System for Supporting Independent Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we describe the development of a mobile butterfly-watching learning (BWL) system which supports independent learners by offering a new pattern of outdoor mobile learning (or called as m-learning) activities. The proposed BWL system was designed using a wireless mobile ad-hoc learning environment. In our designed system, each individual learner has a wireless handheld device, which is a

Yuh-shyan Chen; Tai-chien Kao; Gwo-jong Yu; Jang-ping Sheu

2004-01-01

145

Tug-o-Where: Situating Mobilities of Learning (T)here  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores "mobilities" as a research framework for learning not so much in terms of what has to be done to enhance learning using mobile technologies. Instead it focuses on our embodied ways of knowing and learning by "being mobile" in physical and mediated spaces. It reviews current mobility frameworks used in mobile learning research…

Enriquez, Judith Guevarra

2011-01-01

146

An Investigation of Mobile Learning Readiness in Higher Education Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the current state of college students' perceptions toward mobile learning in higher education. Mobile learning is a new form of learning utilizing the unique capabilities of mobile devices. Although mobile devices are ubiquitous on college campuses, student readiness for mobile learning has yet to be fully explored in the…

Cheon, Jongpil; Lee, Sangno; Crooks, Steven M.; Song, Jaeki

2012-01-01

147

Technologies for Learning? An Actor-Network Theory Critique of "Affordances" in Research on Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How is the link between learner and technology made in mobile learning? What is the value of the concept of "affordances"? And how does research articulating this concept act to position mobile devices as "technologies for learning"? This literature review used both unstructured and structured search samples of published research on mobile

Wright, Steve; Parchoma, Gale

2011-01-01

148

A System for Adaptive Platform-Independent Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present our work about the extension of a state-of-the-art e-Learning system (named IWT) to support multimodal mobile access in order to offer a complete set of learning experiences, services and models able to fit the complex and variegated mobile word. The extended platform is able to offer customised e- learning experiences depending on the kind and

Nicola Capuano; Matteo Gaeta; Sergio Miranda; Laura Pappacena

149

Evaluation of a mobile learning organiser for university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a 10-month trial of a mobile learning organiser, developed for use by university students. Implemented on a wireless-enabled Pocket PC hand-held computer, the organiser makes use of existing mobile applications as well as tools designed specifically for students to manage their learning. The trial set out to identify the most-used tools for such a learning device and

Dan Corlett; Mike Sharples; Susan Bull; Tony Chan

2005-01-01

150

Approach to learning disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning disabilities (LD) is one of the important causes of poor academic performance in school going children. Learning\\u000a disabilities are developmental disorders that usually manifest during the period of normal education. These disabilities create\\u000a a significant gap between the true potential and day to day performance of an individual. Dyslexia, dysgraphia and dyscalculia\\u000a denote the problem related to reading, writing

Madhuri Kulkarni; Sarika Kalantre; Shubhangi Upadhye; Sunil Karande; Sanjeev Ahuja

2001-01-01

151

Understanding Mobile Learning from the Perspective of Self-Regulated Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cognizant of the research gap in the theorization of mobile learning, this paper conceptually explores how the theories and methodology of self-regulated learning (SRL), an active area in contemporary educational psychology, are inherently suited to address the issues originating from the defining characteristics of mobile learning: enabling…

Sha, L.; Looi, C.-K.; Chen, W.; Zhang, B. H.

2012-01-01

152

Seamless Connection between Learning and Assessment--Applying Progressive Learning Tasks in Mobile Ecology Inquiry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning has been recommended for motivating students on field trips; nevertheless, owing to the complexity and the richness of the learning resources from both the real-world and the digital-world environments, information overload remains one of the major concerns. Most mobile learning designs provide feedback only for multiple choice…

Hung, Pi-Hsia; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Lin, Yu-Fen; Wu, Tsung-Hsun; Su, I-Hsiang

2013-01-01

153

The Design and Implementation of a Mobile Learning Resource  

Microsoft Academic Search

The convergence of mobile communications and handheld computers offers the opportunity to develop technology that will assist individuals and groups to learn anytime, anywhere. We describe the theory-informed design, implementation and evaluation of a handheld learning device. It is intended to support children to capture everyday events such as images, notes and sounds, to relate them to web-based learning resources,

Mike Sharples; Dan Corlett; Oliver Westmancott

2002-01-01

154

Design of English Learning System Based on Mobile Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

English is more and more popular in China and thus English learning is very important for Chinese youth, especially for Chinese student. However it is difficult for Chinese to master English very well using the traditionally teaching methods. To improve the learning efficiency, we design an English learning system based on mobile technology, which makes the study interesting. Using the

Guolong Ruan; Jiuyun Wang

2008-01-01

155

Augmented Learning: Research and Design of Mobile Educational Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New technology has brought with it new tools for learning, and research has shown that the educational potential of video games resonates with scholars, teachers, and students alike. In "Augmented Learning", Eric Klopfer describes the largely untapped potential of mobile learning games--games played on such handheld devices as cell phones, Game…

Klopfer, Eric

2008-01-01

156

Evaluating Non Functional Requirements in Mobile Learning Contents and Multimedia Educational Software  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Wedeveloped,a scheme ,for representing critical non functional requirements (NFRs), and,apply it to ,the domains ,of mobile ,e- learning contents and Multimedia Educational Software to validate it. Our approach extends the model for representing design rationale by making explicit evaluation goals, providing the means,to improve ,the quality of e-learning contents, especially m-learning contents. Further research ,issues will be discussed including

Gianna Avellis; Antonio Scaramuzzi; Tecnopolis Csata; Anthony Finkelstein

157

Hybrid Approach to Reinforcement Learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reinforcement Learning (RL) is a general framework in which an autonomous agent tries to learn an optimal policy of actions from direct interaction with the surrounding environment (RL). However, one difficulty for the application of RL control is its slow convergence, especially in environments with continuous state space. In this paper, a modified structure of RL is proposed to speed up reinforcement learning control. In this approach, supervision technique is combined with the standard Q-learning, a model-free algorithm of reinforcement learning. The a priori information is provided to the RL by an optimal LQ-controller, used to indicate preferred actions at intermittent times. It is shown that the convergence speed of the supervised RL agent is greatly improved compared to the conventional Q-Learning algorithm. Simulation work and results on the cart-pole balancing problem are given to illustrate the efficiency of the proposed method.

Boulebtateche, Brahim; Fezari, Mourad; Boughazi, Mohamed

2008-06-01

158

Investigating the Determinants and Age and Gender Differences in the Acceptance of Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the proliferation of mobile computing technology, mobile learning (m-learning) will play a vital role in the rapidly growing electronic learning market. M-learning is the delivery of learning to students anytime and anywhere through the use of wireless Internet and mobile devices. However, acceptance of m-learning by individuals is critical…

Wang, Yi-Shun; Wu, Ming-Cheng; Wang, Hsiu-Yuan

2009-01-01

159

Delivering IMS Learning Design Activities via Mobile Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last years m-learning has attracted the attention of technology-enhanced learning community mainly as a side effect of the growth of the mobile communications industry. While the educational added-value of m-learning is under investigation, technological efforts are much needed to align m- learning technologies with the current state-of-the-art specifications in TeL. Thus, in this paper, we present the SMILE

Demetrios G. Sampson; Kerstin Götze; Panayiotis Zervas

2007-01-01

160

How Artefacts Mediate Small-Group Co-Creation Activities in a Mobile-Assisted Seamless Language Learning Environment?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rich learning resources and contexts learners experience in their everyday life could play important roles in complementing formal learning, but are often neglected by learners and teachers. In this paper, we present an intervention study in "Move, Idioms!", a mobile-assisted Chinese language learning approach that emphasizes contextualized…

Wong, L. -H.; Chen, W.; Jan, M.

2012-01-01

161

Determinants of Mobile Learning Acceptance: An Empirical Investigation in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scope and method of study: The purpose of this study was to investigate the determinants of mobile learning acceptance in higher education. Mobile learning is a rapidly growing method of learning that utilizes mobile devices to deliver content. Acceptance of mobile learning theory was derived from technology acceptance theories. The study…

Akour, Hassan

2010-01-01

162

Mobile Learning in Distance Education: Utility or Futility?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Can mobile technology improve flexibility and quality of interaction for graduate students in distance programs? This paper reports the results of an innovative study exploring the usability, learning, and social interaction of mobile access to online course materials at a Canadian distance education university. Through a system called MobiGlam,…

Koole, Marguerite; McQuilkin, Janice Letkeman; Ally, Mohamed

2010-01-01

163

Towards an Understanding of the Virtual Context in Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much of the literature theorising mobile learning emphasises the importance of context with physical and social contexts identified to date. Our work to design and implement authentic mobile simulation activities using SMS text messaging suggests that a third context may also be important. This is a virtual context, the learner-created cognitive…

Cornelius, Sarah; Marston, Phil

2009-01-01

164

Working with Constraints in Mobile Learning: A Response to Ballance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the enthusiasm that Ballance shows in his commentary (this issue) for mobile learning and the possibilities that new developments in technology of mobile devices may bring about is commendable, there are several areas of concern in his commentary that deserve mention. The author's first concern is that the commentary misrepresents the…

Stockwell, Glenn

2012-01-01

165

Student-Community Collaboration to Construct Mobile Learning Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a project integrating mobile learning games into the author's course at Appalachian State University, in collaboration with a community partner and for the community as a whole. The process of constructing educational mobile games can be as beneficial as the act of playing. Therefore, the author's beliefs about integrating…

Wallace, Paul

2011-01-01

166

Statistical Inference-Based Cache Management for Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Supporting efficient data access in the mobile learning environment is becoming a hot research problem in recent years, and the problem becomes tougher when the clients are using light-weight mobile devices such as cell phones whose limited storage space prevents the clients from holding a large cache. A practical solution is to store the cache…

Li, Qing; Zhao, Jianmin; Zhu, Xinzhong

2009-01-01

167

Mobile math: math educators and students engage in mobile learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The public and educational communities are aware of the continuing crisis in math education in our middle schools and the convergence of technologies for teaching and learning. This paper presents a case study in which iPod Touch? was used to help middle school students learn about algebraic equations and, in particular, the concept of slope, absolute value, and elimination. The

Teresa Franklin; Li-Wei Peng

2008-01-01

168

Mobile learning for HIV/AIDS healthcare worker training in resource-limited settings  

PubMed Central

Background We present an innovative approach to healthcare worker (HCW) training using mobile phones as a personal learning environment. Twenty physicians used individual Smartphones (Nokia N95 and iPhone), each equipped with a portable solar charger. Doctors worked in urban and peri-urban HIV/AIDS clinics in Peru, where almost 70% of the nation's HIV patients in need are on treatment. A set of 3D learning scenarios simulating interactive clinical cases was developed and adapted to the Smartphones for a continuing medical education program lasting 3 months. A mobile educational platform supporting learning events tracked participant learning progress. A discussion forum accessible via mobile connected participants to a group of HIV specialists available for back-up of the medical information. Learning outcomes were verified through mobile quizzes using multiple choice questions at the end of each module. Methods In December 2009, a mid-term evaluation was conducted, targeting both technical feasibility and user satisfaction. It also highlighted user perception of the program and the technical challenges encountered using mobile devices for lifelong learning. Results With a response rate of 90% (18/20 questionnaires returned), the overall satisfaction of using mobile tools was generally greater for the iPhone. Access to Skype and Facebook, screen/keyboard size, and image quality were cited as more troublesome for the Nokia N95 compared to the iPhone. Conclusions Training, supervision and clinical mentoring of health workers are the cornerstone of the scaling up process of HIV/AIDS care in resource-limited settings (RLSs). Educational modules on mobile phones can give flexibility to HCWs for accessing learning content anywhere. However lack of softwares interoperability and the high investment cost for the Smartphones' purchase could represent a limitation to the wide spread use of such kind mLearning programs in RLSs.

2010-01-01

169

Toward a Social Approach to Learning in Community Service Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors describe a social approach to learning in community service learning that extends the contributions of three theoretical bodies of scholarship on learning: social constructionism, critical pedagogy, and community service learning. Building on the assumptions about learning described in each of these areas, engagement, identity, and…

Cooks, Leda; Scharrer, Erica; Paredes, Mari Castaneda

2004-01-01

170

Mobile Blogs in Language Learning: Making the Most of Informal and Situated Learning Opportunities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The application of mobile technologies to learning has the potential to facilitate the active participation of learners in the creation and delivery of content. Mobile technologies can also provide a powerful connection between a variety of formal and informal learning contexts and can help to build a community of learners. However these versatile…

Comas-Quinn, Anna; Mardomingo, Raquel; Valentine, Chris

2009-01-01

171

Semi-Formal Learning Communities for Professional Development in Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A major barrier to the uptake and integration of mobile technologies in teaching and learning is the lack of personal experience of mobile learning on the part of those involved in teaching and in the preparation of materials and methods of learner support. Our project addressed this by introducing 40 academic and support staff to the use of…

Kukulska-Hulme, Agnes; Pettit, John

2008-01-01

172

A Concept Map Approach to Developing Collaborative Mindtools for Context-Aware Ubiquitous Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent advances in mobile and wireless communication technologies have enabled various new learning approaches which situate students in environments that combine real-world and digital-world learning resources; moreover, students are allowed to share knowledge or experiences with others during the learning process. Although such an approach seems…

Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Shi, Yen-Ru; Chu, Hui-Chun

2011-01-01

173

Adaptive learning fuzzy control of a mobile robot.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this report a problem is studied to construct a fuzzy controller for a mobile robot to move autonomously along a given reference direction curve, for which control rules are generated and acquired through an adaptive learning process. An adaptive learn...

A. Tsukada K. Suzuki Y. Fujii Y. Shinohara

1989-01-01

174

Using Mobile Device for Learning: From Students' Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to examine students' acceptance of mobile technology usage for learning. A questionnaire designed with five open-ended questions was distributed to 20 students from the Faculty of Industrial Art and Design Technology of Unisel (Universiti Industri Selangor), Malaysia. Results construes that students were not keen on m-learning

Suki, Norazah Mohd; Suki, Norbayah Mohd

2011-01-01

175

Evaluating the Viability of Mobile Learning to Enhance Management Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A qualitative research project was conducted to test the viability of augmenting an e-learning program for workplace learners using mobile content delivered through smart phones. Ten learners taking a six week web-based e-learning course were given smart phones which enabled them to access approximately 70% of the course content, in addition to…

Macdonald, Iain; Chiu, Jason

2011-01-01

176

A learning environment for developers of mobile apps  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a new learning environment for developers of mobile apps that merges two quite different views of the same topic. Creative design and system engineering are core issues in the development process that are based on diverging principles. This new learning environment aims to address both points of view by not suppressing one of them but trying to

Elisabeth Platzer; Otto Petrovic

2011-01-01

177

Evaluation of a Mobile Learning Organiser and Concept Mapping Tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a Mobile Learning Organiser that has been trialled with university students. The aim was to investigate whether an integrated set of learning tools would be useful, which tools would be adopted, and the contexts in which the tools would be used. The results show no single favoured application. The most frequent activities were reading email, note taking, managing

Mike Sharples; Tony Chan; Paul Rudman; Susan Bull

178

Techniques to Learning--25 Approaches.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Brief descriptions of 25 different approaches to learning are given, along with examples of each, areas to which each might be applicable, and possible instructional objectives and methods of evaluation. The selection of methods is rooted in the following premises: that the purpose of education is to serve the educational pursuits of students;…

Jekel, Jerome R.; Johnson, Robert E.

179

Generalized predictive control based on self-recurrent wavelet neural network for stable path tracking of mobile robots: adaptive learning rates approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a generalized predictive control (GPC) method based on self-recurrent wavelet neural network (SRWNN) is proposed for stable path tracking of mobile robots. Since the SRWNN has a self-recurrent mother wavelet layer, it can well attract the complex nonlinear system although the SRWNN has less mother wavelet nodes than the wavelet neural network. Thus, the SRWNN is used

Sung Jin Yoo; Yoon Ho Choi; Jin Bae Park

2006-01-01

180

Enabling virtual reality on mobile devices: enhancing students' learning experience  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nowadays, mobile devices are more and more powerful concerning processing power, main memory and storage as well as graphical output capability and the support for 3D mostly via OpenGL ES. Therefore modern devices allows it to enable Virtual Reality (VR) on them. Most students own (or will own in future) one of these more powerful mobile device. The students owning such a mobile device already using it to communicate (SMS, twitter, etc) and/or to listen to podcasts. Taking this knowledge into account, it makes sense to improve the students learning experience by enabling mobile devices to display VR content.

Feisst, Markus E.

2011-04-01

181

A Direct Execution Approach to Simulating Mobile Agent Algorithms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile agent technology has been applied to develop the solutions for various kinds of parallel and distributed computing problems. However, performance evaluation of mobile agent algorithms remains a difficult task, mainly due to the characteristics of mobile agents such as distributed and asynchronous execution, autonomy and mobility. This paper proposes a general approach based on direct execution simulation for evaluating

Xuhui Li; Jiannong Cao; Yanxiang He

2004-01-01

182

Mobile Learning: A Framework and Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wireless data communications in form of Short Message Service (SMS) and Wireless Access Protocols (WAP) browsers have gained global popularity, yet, not much has been done to extend the usage of these devices in electronic learning (e-learning). This project explores the extension of e-learning into wireless/handheld (W/H) computing devices with…

Motiwalla, Luvai F.

2007-01-01

183

Neural learning behavior of mobile robot by visually based sequence of actions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a visual\\/motor behavior learning approach, based on neural networks. The behavior description is introduced in order to create behavior learning. Our behavior-based system evolution task is a mobile robot detecting a target and driving\\/acting towards it. First, the mapping relations between the image feature domain of the object and the robot action domain are derived. Second, a

Lejla Banjanovic-Mehmedovic; Golic Dzenisan; Fahrudin Mehmedovic; Jasna Havic

2011-01-01

184

Learning Generative Models via Discriminative Approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

Generative model learning is one of the key problems in machine learning and computer vision. Currently the use of generative models is limited due to the difficulty in effec- tively learning them. A new learning framework is proposed in this paper which progressively learns a target genera- tive distribution through discriminative approaches. This framework provides many interesting aspects to the

Zhuowen Tu

2007-01-01

185

Review of Trends from Mobile Learning Studies: A Meta-Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two previous literature review-based studies have provided important insights into mobile learning, but the issue still needs to be examined from other directions such as the distribution of research purposes. This study takes a meta-analysis approach to systematically reviewing the literature, thus providing a more comprehensive analysis and…

Wu, Wen-Hsiung; Wu, Yen-Chun Jim; Chen, Chun-Yu; Kao, Hao-Yun; Lin, Che-Hung; Huang, Sih-Han

2012-01-01

186

KLeOS: A Personal, Mobile, Knowledge and Learning Organisation System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The design of a personal, mobile Knowledge and Learning Organisation System (KLeOS) is described. Studies of adult learning practice showed (1) that learning activity is mobile between locations, time slots, and topic areas. Moreover, learning follows a hierarchical organisation at three operational levels: learning activities are discrete acts, which are grouped to form learning episodes, which in turn are grouped

Giasemi N. Vavoula; Mike Sharples

2002-01-01

187

An overview of mobile assisted language learning: From content delivery to supported collaboration and interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile learning is undergoing rapid evolution. While early generations of mobile learning tended to propose activities that were carefully crafted by educators and technologists, learners are increasingly motivated by their personal learning needs, including those arising from greater mobility and frequent travel. At the same time, it is often argued that mobile devices are particularly suited to supporting social contacts

Agnes Kukulska-Hulme; Lesley Shield

2008-01-01

188

A Context Awareness Architecture for Mobile Learning Based on Fuzzy Petri Nets  

Microsoft Academic Search

The portability and immediate communication properties of mobile devices influence the learning processes in accessing resources and transferring data. The strength of mobile learning is the personalization and mobility; therefore it must support the availability of sensing contextual information about the learner and provide the learning content with mobile metadata. Based on fuzzy Petri nets, a context awareness architecture for

Jian Pan; Zhongdong Huang; Guohong Mao; Jinxiang Dong

2006-01-01

189

Exploiting a generic approach for constructing mobile device applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

We are witnessing increasing demand for applications that are runnable on a wide range of mobile devices (e.g. wireless laptops, mobile phones, sensors). In addition, the emergence of new software technologies (e.g. component approaches, publish subscribe bindings, web services, service discovery protocols) has demanded that such applications face heterogeneous software platforms. However, existing approaches for building mobile device applications are

Jó Ueyama; Vítor P. V. Pinto; Edmundo R. M. Madeira; Paul Grace; Thienne M. M. Jonhson; Raphael Y. Camargo

2009-01-01

190

Key Instructional Design Issues in a Cellular Phone-Based Mobile Learning Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adding flexibility to the learning process, mobile learning offers great opportunities for education, especially for teenagers, who show great attentiveness to mobile technologies. Thus, the need to focus on design aspects of such learning is growing. This study aims to reveal critical issues in designing mobile learning based on a program for…

Gedik, Nuray; Hanci-Karademirci, Arzu; Kursun, Engin; Cagiltay, Kursat

2012-01-01

191

Correlating Questionnaire Data with Actual Usage Data in a Mobile Learning Study for High School Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A mobile learning research project was conducted in Trinidad and Tobago to determine if mobile learning can assist high school students in learning mathematics. Several innovative techniques were used in this research to address the problem of high failure rates of mathematics in high schools in the Caribbean. A mobile learning application was…

Kalloo, Vani; Mohan, Permanand

2012-01-01

192

Fall classification by machine learning using mobile phones.  

PubMed

Fall prevention is a critical component of health care; falls are a common source of injury in the elderly and are associated with significant levels of mortality and morbidity. Automatically detecting falls can allow rapid response to potential emergencies; in addition, knowing the cause or manner of a fall can be beneficial for prevention studies or a more tailored emergency response. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate techniques to not only reliably detect a fall but also to automatically classify the type. We asked 15 subjects to simulate four different types of falls-left and right lateral, forward trips, and backward slips-while wearing mobile phones and previously validated, dedicated accelerometers. Nine subjects also wore the devices for ten days, to provide data for comparison with the simulated falls. We applied five machine learning classifiers to a large time-series feature set to detect falls. Support vector machines and regularized logistic regression were able to identify a fall with 98% accuracy and classify the type of fall with 99% accuracy. This work demonstrates how current machine learning approaches can simplify data collection for prevention in fall-related research as well as improve rapid response to potential injuries due to falls. PMID:22586477

Albert, Mark V; Kording, Konrad; Herrmann, Megan; Jayaraman, Arun

2012-01-01

193

Fall Classification by Machine Learning Using Mobile Phones  

PubMed Central

Fall prevention is a critical component of health care; falls are a common source of injury in the elderly and are associated with significant levels of mortality and morbidity. Automatically detecting falls can allow rapid response to potential emergencies; in addition, knowing the cause or manner of a fall can be beneficial for prevention studies or a more tailored emergency response. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate techniques to not only reliably detect a fall but also to automatically classify the type. We asked 15 subjects to simulate four different types of falls–left and right lateral, forward trips, and backward slips–while wearing mobile phones and previously validated, dedicated accelerometers. Nine subjects also wore the devices for ten days, to provide data for comparison with the simulated falls. We applied five machine learning classifiers to a large time-series feature set to detect falls. Support vector machines and regularized logistic regression were able to identify a fall with 98% accuracy and classify the type of fall with 99% accuracy. This work demonstrates how current machine learning approaches can simplify data collection for prevention in fall-related research as well as improve rapid response to potential injuries due to falls.

Albert, Mark V.; Kording, Konrad; Herrmann, Megan; Jayaraman, Arun

2012-01-01

194

Explore! possibilities and challenges of mobile learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the experimental studies we have performed to evaluate Explore!, an m-learning system that supports middle school students during a visit to an archaeological park. It exploits a learning technique called excursion-game, whose aim is to help students to acquire historical notions while playing and to make archaeological visits more effective and exciting. In order to understand the

Maria Francesca Costabile; Antonella De Angeli; Rosa Lanzilotti; Carmelo Ardito; Paolo Buono; Thomas Pederson

2008-01-01

195

Vision-based mobile robot learning and navigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research develops a vision-based learning mechanism for semi-autonomous mobile robot navigation. Laser-based localization, vision-based object detection and recognition, and route-based navigation techniques for a mobile robot have been integrated. Initially, the robot can localize itself in an indoor environment with its laser range finder. Then, a user can teleoperate the robot and point the objects of interest via a

Arati Gopalakrishnan; Sheldon Greene; Ali Sekmen

2005-01-01

196

Mobile Devices for Learning: What You Need to Know  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 10-page guide, produced by Edutopia, helps prepare teachers to use mobile devices to engage students and provides suggestions for teachers to help parents understand how mobile technology fits into their child's education. Along with app recommendations, the guide offers some analysis that looks at the positives, but also the challenges, of using mobile devices to support learning. The guide can be downloaded as an English or Spanish pdf. Also included are links to external resources (reports, websites, apps, articles, and web tools).

Robledo, S. J.

2012-01-01

197

Alternative Learning Arenas - Pedagogical Challenges to Mobile Learning Technology in Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

ICT-implementation in education has mostly been aimed at enhancing learning informal arenas-the classroom. However, accepting that learning does not only forego in the formal learning arenas, it is proposed that mobile technology can be used as a bridge between the formal and informal learning arenas. The question is whether the bridge between school and other arenas open or closed-is there

Louise Mifsud

2002-01-01

198

Developing English Learning Contents for Mobile Smart Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The study developed three items in total. First, the application which enables learning contents run on Android OS and Windows\\u000a Mobile OS was developed. Second, contents which will be applied on the application were manufactured. The contents developed\\u000a in this study are for learning English presentations. The contents are classified into two parts; Part 1 is for basic English\\u000a presentations,

Kwangeak Kim; Bong Gyou Lee

199

A Mobile Robot that Learns its Place  

Microsoft Academic Search

We show how a neural network can be used to allow a mobile robot to derive an accurate estimate of its location from noisy sonar sensors and noisy motion information. The robot's model of its location is in the form of a probability distribution across a grid of possible locations. This distribution is updated using both the motion information and

Sageev Oore; Geoffrey E. Hinton; Gregory Dudek

1997-01-01

200

Reviewing the Role of Mobile Learning Technology in Special Operations Forces Language Learning Contexts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes current trends, best practices, uses, and potential options suitable for the use of Mobile Learning Technology (MLT) in Special Operations Forces (SOF) language training contexts. In this report, we define MLT has any type of smart d...

2013-01-01

201

Design and Evaluation of Two Blended Learning Approaches: Lessons Learned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we share two blended learning approaches used at the National Institute of Education in Singapore. We have been using these two approaches in the last twelve years in many courses ranging from the diploma to graduate programs. For the first blended learning approach, we integrated one asynchronous communication tool with face to…

Cheung, Wing Sum; Hew, Khe Foon

2011-01-01

202

iLearning: The Future of Higher Education? Student Perceptions on Learning with Mobile Tablets  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growing use of mobile technology on college campuses suggests the future of the classroom, including learning activities, research, and even student faculty communications, will rely heavily on mobile technology. Since Fall 2010, an interdisciplinary team of faculty from Indiana University--Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) has…

Rossing, Jonathan P.; Miller, Willie M.; Cecil, Amanda K.; Stamper, Suzan E.

2012-01-01

203

Collaboration Factors and Quality of Learning Experience on Interactive Mobile Assisted Social E-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study (n = 52) examined mobile assisted in-class course using collaborative learning theories over an 18-week semester in a college level course. A self-evaluation survey containing 50 closed-ended items with two open-ended questions about participants' collaboration experience through the mobile techs was conducted during the last week…

Wang, Shengmei

2014-01-01

204

Application of Mobile Agents in Web-Based Learning Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Web-based learning environments are strongly driven by the information revolution and the Internet, but they have a number of common deficiencies, such as slow access, no adaptivity to the individual student, limitation by bandwidth, and more. This paper outlines the benefits of mobile agents technology, and describes its application in Web-based…

Hong Hong, Kinshuk; He, Xiaoqin; Patel, Ashok; Jesshope, Chris

205

Enhancing Health and Social Care Placement Learning through Mobile Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health and social care students spend up to 50% of their course in practice. Placements are distributed across a wide geographical area and have varying degrees of IT access and support. Consequently, students may feel isolated from peers, academic staff, and resources required for effective learning. Mobile technology has considerable potential…

Lea, Susan; Callaghan, Lynne

2011-01-01

206

Service Learning on Wheels: The Nightingale Mobile Clinic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A mobile clinic providing health care services in rural Georgia is also a service learning laboratory for associate degree nursing students. The program enhances partnerships with community agencies, gives students a taste of community health careers, and provides preventive care to underserved rural residents. (SK)

Hurst, Carol P.; Osban, Linda B.

2000-01-01

207

Reexamining the Effectiveness of Vocabulary Learning via Mobile Phones  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to reexamine the effectiveness of vocabulary learning via mobile phones. Students (N=78) from two intact classes of sophomores at a Chinese university were assigned to two groups: the SMS group (the experimental group) and the paper group (the control group). Then, they were administered a pretest to identify the level…

Zhang, Haisen; Song, Wei; Burston, Jack

2011-01-01

208

Ubiquitous Mobile Knowledge Construction in Collaborative Learning Environments  

PubMed Central

Knowledge management is a critical activity for any organization. It has been said to be a differentiating factor and an important source of competitiveness if this knowledge is constructed and shared among its members, thus creating a learning organization. Knowledge construction is critical for any collaborative organizational learning environment. Nowadays workers must perform knowledge creation tasks while in motion, not just in static physical locations; therefore it is also required that knowledge construction activities be performed in ubiquitous scenarios, and supported by mobile and pervasive computational systems. These knowledge creation systems should help people in or outside organizations convert their tacit knowledge into explicit knowledge, thus supporting the knowledge construction process. Therefore in our understanding, we consider highly relevant that undergraduate university students learn about the knowledge construction process supported by mobile and ubiquitous computing. This has been a little explored issue in this field. This paper presents the design, implementation, and an evaluation of a system called MCKC for Mobile Collaborative Knowledge Construction, supporting collaborative face-to-face tacit knowledge construction and sharing in ubiquitous scenarios. The MCKC system can be used by undergraduate students to learn how to construct knowledge, allowing them anytime and anywhere to create, make explicit and share their knowledge with their co-learners, using visual metaphors, gestures and sketches to implement the human-computer interface of mobile devices (PDAs).

Baloian, Nelson; Zurita, Gustavo

2012-01-01

209

A Contest-Oriented Project for Learning Intelligent Mobile Robots  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A contest-oriented project for undergraduate students to learn implementation skills and theories related to intelligent mobile robots is presented in this paper. The project, related to Micromouse, Robotrace (Robotrace is the title of Taiwanese and Japanese robot races), and line-maze contests was developed by the embedded control system research…

Huang, Hsin-Hsiung; Su, Juing-Huei; Lee, Chyi-Shyong

2013-01-01

210

Lesions Learned from the Practice of Mobile Health Application Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This fast abstract briefly discusses lessons learned in terms of how to overcome limitations of PDA devices, effectively capture requirements for mobile health application development and effectively reengineer a desktop application on PDA. The limitation of PDA devices includes: (1) small screen size, which limits text-based data entry, reporting and browsing; (2) limited storage space and slow processing, which requires

Ping Yu; Hui Yu

2004-01-01

211

A Tour Guide System for Mobile Learning in Museums  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the paper we present a tour guide system, which brings the portable devices into museums to be your own expert guide. The purpose of the system is to construct a mobile learning environment with positioning technology and portable devices. People who are in this environment would obtain the detailed information, and even the history of the exhibit displayed in

Li-der Chou; Ching-chao Lee; Ming-yu Lee; Chun-yen Chang

2004-01-01

212

Structural Identification and Comparison of Intelligent Mobile Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper proposes a methodology using graph theory, matrix algebra and permanent function to compare different architecture (structure) design of intelligent mobile learning environment. The current work deals with the development/selection of optimum architecture (structural) model of iMLE. This can be done using the criterion as discussed in…

Upadhyay, Nitin; Agarwal, Vishnu Prakash

2007-01-01

213

Designing mobile solutions for mobile workers: lessons learned from a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Designing mobile solutions for mobile workers is difficult because there is a lack of theories and methods. Based on recent literature of systems engineering, business engineering, information systems design, and project\\/process management, an analysis framework is presented that assesses the design approach of workforce solutions. An exploratory case based in the Netherlands was studied under the framework. The results indicate

Yan Wang; Elisabeth van de Kar; Geleyn R. Meijer

2005-01-01

214

Error correction in mobile robot map learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

An issue that must be addressed in map-learning systems is that of error accumulation. The primary emphasis in the literature has been on reducing errors entering the map. The authors suggest that this methodology must reach a point of diminishing returns, and hence focus on explicit error detection and correction. By identifying the possible types of mapping errors, structural constraints

S. P. Engelson; Drew V. McDermott

1992-01-01

215

Learning Messages Notification System to Mobile Devices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The work presents a new method to send educational messages in e-learning systems. The communication tools are one of the main characteristics of the virtual formative actions, in addition of the contents and the evaluation. The system must help to motivate the students, mainly those who do not leave the formative action and continue it until the…

Jimenez, M. Lourdes

2005-01-01

216

The Add-On Impact of Mobile Applications in Learning Strategies: A Review Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile devices are more powerful and portable nowadays with plenty of useful tools for assisting people to handle daily life. With the advance of mobile technology, the issue of mobile learning has been widely investigated in e-learning research. Many researches consider it is important to integrate pedagogical and technical strengths of mobile

Jeng, Yu-Lin; Wu, Ting-Ting; Huang, Yueh-Min; Tan, Qing; Yang, Stephen J. H.

2010-01-01

217

DGPS for Mobile Users: A Mobile Agent Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the computational power of mobile devices increases, so does the demand for more sophisticated applications and services. In particular the demand for location-aware services is likely to increase substantially. Such services will vary in how accurate a position solution they will require. However, there can be little doubt that some will require an accuracy that can only be provided

M. J. O'Grady; G. M. P. O'Hare

2004-01-01

218

An iterative learning controller for nonholonomic mobile robots  

SciTech Connect

The authors present an iterative learning controller that applies to nonholonomic mobile robots, as well as other systems that can be put in chained form. The learning algorithm exploits the fact that chained-form. The learning algorithm exploits the fact that chained-form systems are linear under piecewise-constant inputs. The proposed control scheme requires the execution of a small number of experiments to drive the system to the desired state in finite time, with nice convergence and robustness properties with respect to modeling inaccuracies as well as disturbances. To avoid the necessity of exactly reinitializing the system at each iteration, the basic method is modified so as to obtain a cyclic controller, by which the system is cyclically steered through an arbitrary sequence of states. As a case study, a carlike mobile robot is considered. Both simulation and experimental results are reported to show the performance of the method.

Oriolo, G. [Univ. di Roma (Italy). Dipt. di Informatica e Sistemistica; Panzieri, S.; Ulivi, G. [Terza Univ. di Roma (Italy). Dipt. di Informatica e Automazione

1998-09-01

219

Toward interactive mobile synchronous learning environment with context-awareness service  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile synchronous learning is a new challenge in the e-learning domain. While popular mobile communication devices, such as cell phones, cannot directly accommodate traditional synchronous content due to the major limitation of display size, other constraints also restrict convenient interactions while using mobile devices in a synchronous learning environment. These problems have motivated the authors of this study to design

Yueh-min Huang; Yen-hung Kuo; Yen-ting Lin; Shu-chen Cheng

2008-01-01

220

Effects of Short-Term Memory and Content Representation Type on Mobile Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Due to the rapid advancements in mobile communication and wireless technologies, many researchers and educators have started to believe that these emerging technologies can be leveraged to support formal and informal learning opportunities. Mobile language learning can be effectively implemented by delivering learning content through mobile

Chen, Nian-Shing; Hsieh, Sheng-Wen; Kinshuk

2008-01-01

221

Primary exploration of mobile learning mode under a cloud computing environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cloud computing affects the development of mobile learning with its unique advantages. This article first sums up the traditional mode of mobile learning, analyses the characteristics of various patterns, sum up the characteristics of the cloud computing, and then make mobile learning mode under a cloud computing environment.

Xuefei Chen; Jing Liu; Jun Han; Hongyun Xu

2010-01-01

222

The Use of Mobile Games in Formal and Informal Learning Environments: A Review of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our purpose in this paper is to review studies that explored the impact of the use of mobile games in both formal and informal learning environments. Through a review of studies on mobile learning that have been published between 2000 and 2013, we aim to identify the ways in which researchers used mobile games in a variety of learning

Koutromanos, George; Avraamidou, Lucy

2014-01-01

223

Mobile Learning Projects--A Critical Analysis of the State of the Art  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a critical analysis of Mobile Learning projects published before the end of 2007. The review uses a Mobile Learning framework to evaluate and categorize 102 Mobile Learning projects, and to briefly introduce exemplary projects for each category. All projects were analysed with the criteria: context, tools, control,…

Frohberg, D.; Goth, C.; Schwabe, G.

2009-01-01

224

An Overview of Mobile Assisted Language Learning: From Content Delivery to Supported Collaboration and Interaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning is undergoing rapid evolution. While early generations of mobile learning tended to propose activities that were carefully crafted by educators and technologists, learners are increasingly motivated by their personal learning needs, including those arising from greater mobility and frequent travel. At the same time, it is often…

Kukulska-Hulme, Agnes; Shield, Lesley

2008-01-01

225

Mobile Learning Perceptions of the Prospective Teachers (Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Sampling)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research is to analyze mobile learning perceptions and mobile learning levels of the prospective teachers at a university in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus according to their departments and gender. The research consists of 355 prospective teachers studying at a private university. The "Mobile Learning Perception Scale" was…

Serin, Oguz

2012-01-01

226

Responses to Defense Cutbacks: The Worker Mobility Approach. Research and Evaluation Report Series 97-D.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Of the 19 projects conducted as part of the Defense Conversion Adjustment (DCA) Demonstration administered by the U.S. Department of Labor's Office of Work-Based Learning, 8 tested the worker mobility approach. The projects, which shared the common goal of helping dislocated defense workers find high-quality jobs, tested one or more of the…

Social Policy Research Associates, Menlo Park, CA.

227

Supporting Pervasive Learning Environments: Adaptability and Context Awareness in Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the mobile learning context, it is helpful to consider context awareness and adaptivity as two sides of the same coin. The purpose of the adaptivity and context awareness is to better support a variety of learners, given that they may have very different skills and motivations to learn in varying contexts. The recent research on adaptivity and context awareness

Antti Syvänen; Russell Beale; Mike Sharples; Mikko Ahonen; Peter Lonsdale

2005-01-01

228

A Study of Campus Butterfly Ecology Learning System Based on Augmented Reality and Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study used augmented reality and mobile learning technologies to design a virtual butterfly ecological environment for learning butterfly ecology. Students can breed virtual caterpillars on host plants using smart phones, and become familiar with butterfly¡¦s life cycle by observing their growth. The virtual campus butterfly ecological environment can reduce the difficulty of building and managing a real butterfly garden,

Wernhuar Tarng; Kuo-Liang Ou

2012-01-01

229

Using smart mobile devices in social-network-based health education practice: a learning behavior analysis.  

PubMed

Virtual communities provide numerous resources, immediate feedback, and information sharing, enabling people to rapidly acquire information and knowledge and supporting diverse applications that facilitate interpersonal interactions, communication, and sharing. Moreover, incorporating highly mobile and convenient devices into practice-based courses can be advantageous in learning situations. Therefore, in this study, a tablet PC and Google+ were introduced to a health education practice course to elucidate satisfaction of learning module and conditions and analyze the sequence and frequency of learning behaviors during the social-network-based learning process. According to the analytical results, social networks can improve interaction among peers and between educators and students, particularly when these networks are used to search for data, post articles, engage in discussions, and communicate. In addition, most nursing students and nursing educators expressed a positive attitude and satisfaction toward these innovative teaching methods, and looked forward to continuing the use of this learning approach. PMID:24568697

Wu, Ting-Ting

2014-06-01

230

Middleware Issues and Approaches for Mobile Ad hoc Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, there has been a growing interest on mobile ad hoc networks (MANET) that offer a broad spectrum of new applications. However, application development for mobile ad-hoc networks is not easy. Obviously, solving these issues for each application from scratch is not a feasible approach. Instead, developing middleware services to support the development of such applications is a novel approach

Salem Hadim; Jameela Al-Jaroodi; Nader Mohamed

2006-01-01

231

STEPS - An Approach for Human Mobility Modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this paper we introduce Spatio-TEmporal Parametric Stepping (STEPS) - a simple parametric mobility model which can cover\\u000a a large spectrum of human mobility patterns. STEPS makes abstraction of spatio-temporal preferences in human mobility by using\\u000a a power law to rule the nodes movement. Nodes in STEPS have preferential attachment to favorite locations where they spend\\u000a most of their time.

Anh Dung Nguyen; Patrick Sénac; Victor Ramiro; Michel Diaz

2011-01-01

232

Mobile Studio Experience of Experiential Learning in Electrical Engineering Class  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

All core courses in Electrical and Computer Engineering at Howard University and, at certain extent, in most engineering and science disciplines everywhere, are each taught by a combination of lecture and laboratory. The idea behind the lecture-lab combination is to help bridge the gap between the classroom knowledge of theory and the practical aspect in real world. The good idea, however, has failed to produce the necessary practice and intended result. Lecture and lab are seldom taught in the same class and, therefore, different topics are covered in two separate classes. Often, lecture and lab are taught by different instructors. Consequently, the intended learning reinforcement by active experimentation of lectured abstract concept is not realized. Theories and applications have been divided; simulations and implementations, alienated. Great is the need of lecture/lab hybrid class that unifies two components together, and equally high is the demand of experiential learning in which introduction of theories and their experiences are instant and dynamic. Behind this persistent disunity between lecture and lab, there is a practical reason: the daunting task of bringing lab into class. Traditional labs are equipped with workbenches and expensive bulky instruments. Technology development and miniaturized packaging, however, enabled to produce palm-sized instrumentation interface boards which can replace most of the Electrical Engineering lab equipment and thus can bring lab into class. A computer with the interface can become a portable lab or Mobile Studio. Mobile Studio is philosophy and pedagogy which intends to bring laboratory into classroom with a mobile, portable set of computer and scope software provided with similar functionality to that of the traditional laboratory equipment. The Mobile Studio enables the experiential learning for students in classroom through instant experimentation and verification of the classroom knowledge by producing waveforms, measuring and recording signals, and analyzing recorded data. The Mobile Studio class at Howard University made a great impact in learning enhancement of for the students.

Chouikha, Mohamed; Kim, Charles; Thomas, Veronica

2009-10-12

233

Investigating the Roles of Perceived Playfulness, Resistance to Change and Self-Management of Learning in Mobile English Learning Outcome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although there is a growing interest in mobile learning, there are limited studies that focus on student knowledge acquisition. As applications and usages of mobile technology have become more and more accepted, it is important and meaningful that researchers and practitioners of mobile learning understand the potential factors that could…

Huang, Rui-Ting; Jang, Syh-Jong; Machtmes, Krisanna; Deggs, David

2012-01-01

234

An ubiquitous approach to mobile applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The world gets more interesting as the devices around us get smarter. The problem is, sometimes it's no fun sitting around waiting for devices to evolve. Mobile location based services, games and social software are more fun when everyone can play, not just those with the latest and greatest mobile devices. Two projects are referenced in this paper:

Dennis Crowley

2005-01-01

235

Mobile apps and the approaching zombie apocalypse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mobile handset (and now tablet) market is coming a tangled mess, with strong advocates for device specific applications on the one hand and strong web standards within the browser on the other. This talk will reflect a bit on the history of mobile applications, focusing on the user issues involved in this debate. This is critical as too often

Scott Jensen

2010-01-01

236

Using Mobile-Memo to Support Knowledge Acquisition and Posting-Question in an Mobile Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study developed a mobile-memo system that supports the knowledge acquisition and posting-question to assist learners' learning in a ML (mobile learning) environment. To understand the effectiveness of our proposed system, the data were collected from the system logs, such as the elements of multimedia used in posting-question and a…

Lan, Yu-Feng; Tsai, Pei-Wei

2011-01-01

237

Ubiquitous Mobility with Mobile Phones: A Cultural Ecology for Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues that mobile phones should be viewed as new cultural resources that operate within an individualized, mobile and convergent mass communication; such a recognition facilitates the options for a cultural ecology. A particular challenge here is to find adequate curricular functions in school where the inclusion of these new…

Cook, John; Pachler, Norbert; Bachmair, Ben

2011-01-01

238

Student use and pedagogical impact of a mobile learning application.  

PubMed

Mobile learning (m-learning) is a relevant innovation in teaching and learning in higher education. A mobile app called NutriBiochem was developed for use in biochemistry and nutrition education for students in a second year Biochemistry and Metabolism course. NutriBiochem was accessed through smartphones, tablets, or computers. Students were surveyed upon completion of the final exam (n?=?88). Survey questions assessed frequency of use, motivations for use, and perceptions of app usefulness. The pedagogical impact of NutriBiochem was evaluated by measuring the relationship between frequency of use and final course grade. Just over half of the students used the app, and ?80% of users accessed the app moderately or infrequently. Smartphones were the most common device and the preferred device on which to access the app. There were no statistical differences in mean final grade between users and nonusers. Students with higher comfort levels with technology accessed the app more broadly than those with lower level of comfort with technology. Over 75% of students agreed that NutriBiochem was a useful learning tool, but fewer (?45%) felt it helped them perform better in the course. The findings of this study are important, as they suggest that NutriBiochem is an effective study tool for students who are comfortable with technology, and access it regularly. Overall, the use of mobile applications in science education has been shown to be: 1) effective in enhancing students' learning experience; 2) relevant and important as an emergent method of learning given modern pressures facing higher education; and, 3) met with positive student attitudes and perceptions in terms of adopting and using such technology for educational purposes. © 2013 by The International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 42(2):121-135, 2014. PMID:24375862

Teri, Saskia; Acai, Anita; Griffith, Douglas; Mahmoud, Qusay; Ma, David W L; Newton, Genevieve

2014-03-01

239

The Effects of Mobile Natural-Science Learning Based on the 5E Learning Cycle: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study has three major purposes, including designing mobile natural-science learning activities that rest on the 5E Learning Cycle, examining the effects of these learning activities on students' performances of learning aquatic plants, and exploring students' perceptions toward these learning activities. A case-study method is utilized and…

Liu, Tzu-Chien; Peng, Hsinyi; Wu, Wen-Hsuan; Lin, Ming-Sheng

2009-01-01

240

Mobile Guide System Using Problem-Solving Strategy for Museum Learning: A Sequential Learning Behavioural Pattern Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile devices have been increasingly utilized in informal learning because of their high degree of portability; mobile guide systems (or electronic guidebooks) have also been adopted in museum learning, including those that combine learning strategies and the general audio-visual guide systems. To gain a deeper understanding of the features and…

Sung, Y.-T.; Hou, H.-T.; Liu, C.-K.; Chang, K.-E.

2010-01-01

241

Understanding the values of mobile technology in education: a value-focused thinking approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile technology has mobilized the human interaction in all dimensions by supporting mobile collaboration. As collaboration is key to learning in today's educational environment, mobile technology has tremendous potential in supporting and improving education and its delivery. Given that mobile technology for education is a new phenomenon that is gaining popularity, the values of using mobile technology to support education

Hong Sheng; Keng Siau; Fiona Fui-Hoon Nah

2010-01-01

242

Learning Metric-Topological Maps for Indoor Mobile Robot Navigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Autonomous robots must be able to learn and maintain models of their environments. Research on mobile robot navigation has produced two major paradigms for mapping indoor environments: grid-based and topological. While grid-based methods produce accurate metric maps, their complexity often prohibits efficient planning and problem solving in large-scale indoor environments. Topological maps, on the other hand, can be used much

Sebastian Thrun

1998-01-01

243

An interactive city framework: Mobile Cloud Computing approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a mobile augmented reality framework for an interactive three-dimensional city. One of the challenging issues in the design of mobile scalable augmented reality systems is the limitation of computational power. The proposed framework provides a scalable, service-based and open source approach to integrate the real and virtual scene. The key strength of the proposed framework is adopting

Heba M. Abd El Aty; Hanan A. Hassan; Walaa M. Sheta

2011-01-01

244

Using Mobile Technologies to Create Interwoven Learning Interactions: An Intuitive Design and Its Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Numerous studies have proposed and implemented various innovative designs of mobile learning practices, and several pedagogical affordances of mobile technologies in different subject domains have also been suggested. This study proposes a notion for helping instructors design an innovative mobile learning practice in their subject domain. The…

Ting, Yu-Liang

2013-01-01

245

GPS-enabled mobiles for learning shortest paths: a pilot study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent GPS-enabled mobile phones provide a rich and novel platform for exploring new kinds of educational software. Moreover, powerful high-level programming languages such as Python allow rapid development of learning tools that take advantage of mobile technology. This paper reports on a recent pilot study using mobile phones as situated learning tools. The study focused on expressing Dijkstra's algorithm for

Jason J. Holdsworth; Siu Man Lui

2009-01-01

246

Test and Evaluation of a Course Designed for Mobile Learning. ZIFF Papiere.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains two parts: "Part I: Design and Implementation" (Georg Strohlein) and "Part II: Student Usage" (Helmut Fritsch). Part I describes the development and practical use of a short course on descriptive statistics designed for mobile learning (i.e., the situation when the learning person is mobile and utilizes mobile devices for the…

Strohlein, Georg; Fritsch, Helmut

247

Toward Interactive Mobile Synchronous Learning Environment with Context-Awareness Service  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile synchronous learning is a new challenge in the e-learning domain. While popular mobile communication devices, such as cell phones, cannot directly accommodate traditional synchronous content due to the major limitation of display size, other constraints also restrict convenient interactions while using mobile devices in a synchronous…

Huang, Yueh-Min; Kuo, Yen-Hung; Lin, Yen-Ting; Cheng, Shu-Chen

2008-01-01

248

The Influence of Students' ICT Skills and their Adoption of Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile technology has gained increased focus in academic circles as a way to enable learning that is not confined by time and place. As the benefits of mobile learning are being clarified so too will researchers need to understand the factors that influence its future use. The adoption of mobile technology will largely depend on whether students…

Mac Callum, Kathryn; Jeffrey, Lynn

2013-01-01

249

Perceived Convenience in an Extended Technology Acceptance Model: Mobile Technology and English Learning for College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since convenience is one of the features for mobile learning, does it affect attitude and intention of using mobile technology? The technology acceptance model (TAM), proposed by David (1989), was extended with perceived convenience in the present study. With regard to English language mobile learning, the variables in the extended TAM and its…

Chang, Chi-Cheng; Yan, Chi-Fang; Tseng, Ju-Shih

2012-01-01

250

Adaptation to learning styles in E-Learning: Approach evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is obvious that we all have different approaches to learning. Psychologists call these individual differences learning styles (LS). Researchers provide recommendations for possible instructional strategies to support some LS in educational settings and, in particular, in web-based environments. The problem with most existing implementations is that the systems are bound to a certain LS model, and the LS representation

Natalia Stash; Alexandra Cristea; PME De Bra

2006-01-01

251

Assessing Learning in Community Service Learning: A Social Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay advances a way of thinking about assessment that envelops both process and outcome. We assert that learning in community service learning and the assessment thereof might fruitfully be considered in communication with others (the students, constituents from the community, instructors, etc.). Concepts central to a social approach to…

Cooks, Leda; Scharrer, Erica

2006-01-01

252

Accelerated learning approaches for maintenance training  

SciTech Connect

As a training tool, Accelerated Learning techniques have been in use since 1956. Trainers from a variety of applications and disciplines have found success in using Accelerated Learning approaches, such as training aids, positive affirmations, memory aids, room arrangement, color patterns, and music. Some have thought that maintenance training and Accelerated Learning have nothing in common. Recent training applications by industry and education of Accelerated Learning are proving very successful by several standards. This paper cites available resource examples and challenges maintenance trainers to adopt new ideas and concepts to accelerate learning in all training setting. 7 refs.

Erickson, E.J.

1991-01-01

253

A Unified Approach to Mobile Adaptation of Educational Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

We formulate an approach to adaptively structuring content for access via mobile devices, accounting for variations in communication channels, end-user device capabilities and user profiles. We apply it to automatically enforce the MRA recommendations for educational content delivery.

Alexei Tretiakov; Kinshuk

2004-01-01

254

To Flow and Not to Freeze: Applying Flow Experience to Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

A key design goal of mobile learning is that its built-in experiences are enjoyable and proactive, empowering the learner with the knowledge and ability to self-manage. This implies that the benefits and critical success factors of mobile learning activities should not simply be based only on learning performance, but also on learners' experiences so that we can assess the added

Jungho Park; David Parsons; Hokyoung Ryu

2010-01-01

255

Developing and Implementing a Framework of Participatory Simulation for Mobile Learning Using Scaffolding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper proposes a conceptual framework, scaffolding participatory simulation for mobile learning (SPSML), used on mobile devices for helping students learn conceptual knowledge in the classroom. As the pedagogical design, the framework adopts an experiential learning model, which consists of five sequential but cyclic steps: the initial stage,…

Yin, Chengjiu; Song, Yanjie; Tabata, Yoshiyuki; Ogata, Hiroaki; Hwang, Gwo-Jen

2013-01-01

256

Learning Unplugged: Using Mobile Technologies for Organizational Training and Performance Improvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, which is written by a training consultant, is intended to help organizations determine whether specific readily available mobile technologies make sense for their particular learning and performance needs. Chapter 1 discusses the mobile revolution in learning and performance, with special attention to the new work and learning

Gayeski, Diane

257

Mobile Learning Environment with Short Messaging Service: Application to a Campus Environment in a Developing Country  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss how to integrate secure, open-source and mobile-based system with the Moodle learning management system (MLMS) then describe the implementation of a campus-wide mobile learning environment with short messaging system (SMS) and how this platform is incorporated with the student's learning

Premadasa, H. K. Salinda; Meegama, R. Gayan N.

2013-01-01

258

Cooperative Approaches to Language Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ways that both cultural differences and learning styles affect a child's ability to learn and use language are discussed and applied to the situation faced by Native American students. Cultural differences are cited as holding the answer to questions about the Native American student's lack of success on standardized tests and in the American…

Hirst, Lois A.; Slavik, Christy

259

Integration of a Mobile-Integrated Therapy with Electronic Health Records: Lessons Learned  

PubMed Central

Background: Responses to the chronic disease epidemic have predominantly been standardized in their approach to date. Barriers to better health outcomes remain, and effective management requires patient-specific data and disease state knowledge be presented in methods that foster clinical decision-making and patient self-management. Mobile technology provides a new platform for data collection and patient–provider communication. The mobile device represents a personalized platform that is available to the patient on a 24/7 basis. Mobile-integrated therapy (MIT) is the convergence of mobile technology, clinical and behavioral science, and scientifically validated clinical outcomes. In this article, we highlight the lessons learned from functional integration of a Food and Drug Administration-cleared type 2 diabetes MIT into the electronic health record (EHR) of a multiphysician practice within a large, urban, academic medical center. Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with integration stakeholder groups: mobile and EHR software and information technology teams, clinical end users, project managers, and business analysts. Interviews were summarized and categorized into lessons learned using the Architecture for Integrated Mobility® framework. Results: Findings from the diverse stakeholder group of a MIT–EHR integration project indicate that user workflow, software system persistence, environment configuration, device connectivity and security, organizational processes, and data exchange heuristics are key issues that must be addressed. Conclusions: Mobile-integrated therapy that integrates patient self-management data with medical record data provides the opportunity to understand the potential benefits of bidirectional data sharing and reporting that are most valuable in advancing better health and better care in a cost-effective way that is scalable for all chronic diseases.

Peeples, Malinda M.; Iyer, Anand K.; Cohen, Joshua L.

2013-01-01

260

Managing technology projects: an organizational learning approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Empirical studies have pointed to the need for cou- pling introduction of new technotkgy to organizational development and corporate strategy. We shall propose an organizational learning approach and present a four- perspective model which accepts the multi-dimensional nature of learning in organizations. This will allow for a comprehensive discussion, supported by case studies, of how to identify core competences in

Jens O. Riis; Claus Neergaard

1995-01-01

261

A Learning Cycle Approach To Introducing Osmosis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an inquiry activity with a learning cycle approach to engage students in testing their own hypotheses about how molecules move through cell membranes. Offers student materials and teacher materials, including teaching tips for each phase of the learning cycle. (Contains 11 references.) (ASK)

Lawson, Anton E.

2000-01-01

262

An ecological approach to learning*1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces a special journal issue devoted to the study of learning in ecological and developmental contexts. In the past, the dominant approach to the study of learning has depended upon the choice of arbitrary problems, stimuli, and responses to guarantee the generality of principles discovered in the laboratory. Recently, though, there has been considerable interest in integrating an

WILLIAM TIMBERLAKE

1984-01-01

263

Improving the quality of student learning: the influence of learning context and student approaches to learning on learning outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies of the relationship between perceptions and\\/or evaluations of the learning environment and approaches to study have either not included measures of students' learning outcomes, or have included quantitative differences and not qualitative differences in learning outcomes. The studies reported in this paper focus on the relationship between qualitative differences in learning outcomes, perceptions\\/evaluations of the learning environment and

Keith Trigwell; Michael Prosser

1991-01-01

264

Lessons Learned From 104 Years of Mobile Observatories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As the oceanographic community ventures into a new era of integrated observatories, it may be helpful to look back on the era of "mobile observatories" to see what Cyberinfrastructure lessons might be learned. For example, SIO has been operating research vessels for 104 years, supporting a wide range of disciplines: marine geology and geophysics, physical oceanography, geochemistry, biology, seismology, ecology, fisheries, and acoustics. In the last 6 years progress has been made with diverse data types, formats and media, resulting in a fully-searchable online SIOExplorer Digital Library of more than 800 cruises (http://SIOExplorer.ucsd.edu). Public access to SIOExplorer is considerable, with 795,351 files (206 GB) downloaded last year. During the last 3 years the efforts have been extended to WHOI, with a "Multi-Institution Testbed for Scalable Digital Archiving" funded by the Library of Congress and NSF (IIS 0455998). The project has created a prototype digital library of data from both institutions, including cruises, Alvin submersible dives, and ROVs. In the process, the team encountered technical and cultural issues that will be facing the observatory community in the near future. Technological Lessons Learned: Shipboard data from multiple institutions are extraordinarily diverse, and provide a good training ground for observatories. Data are gathered from a wide range of authorities, laboratories, servers and media, with little documentation. Conflicting versions exist, generated by alternative processes. Domain- and institution-specific issues were addressed during initial staging. Data files were categorized and metadata harvested with automated procedures. With our second-generation approach to staging, we achieve higher levels of automation with greater use of controlled vocabularies. Database and XML- based procedures deal with the diversity of raw metadata values and map them to agreed-upon standard values, in collaboration with the Marine Metadata Interoperability (MMI) community. All objects are tagged with an expert level, thus serving an educational audience, as well as research users. After staging, publication into the digital library is completely automated. The technical challenges have been largely overcome, thanks to a scalable, federated digital library architecture from the San Diego Supercomputer Center, implemented at SIO, WHOI and other sites. The metadata design is flexible, supporting modular blocks of metadata tailored to the needs of instruments, samples, documents, derived products, cruises or dives, as appropriate. Controlled metadata vocabularies, with content and definitions negotiated by all parties, are critical. Metadata may be mapped to required external standards and formats, as needed. Cultural Lessons Learned: The cultural challenges have been more formidable than expected. They became most apparent during attempts to categorize and stage digital data objects across two institutions, each with their own naming conventions and practices, generally undocumented, and evolving across decades. Whether the questions concerned data ownership, collection techniques, data diversity or institutional practices, the solution involved a joint discussion with scientists, data managers, technicians and archivists, working together. Because metadata discussions go on endlessly, significant benefit comes from dictionaries with definitions of all community-authorized metadata values.

Miller, S. P.; Clark, P. D.; Neiswender, C.; Raymond, L.; Rioux, M.; Norton, C.; Detrick, R.; Helly, J.; Sutton, D.; Weatherford, J.

2007-12-01

265

Diversity Learning: A Different Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on the Community College of Baltimore County's (Maryland) service learning program for diversity education, which is unique to American community colleges. States that students and faculty members spent two weeks in Belize, establishing a summer camp program for children to develop English skills. Asserts that volunteers benefited from the…

Wilcox, Herbert S.; Waagbo, Jean M.

2001-01-01

266

Affordances of mobile technologies for experiential learning: the interplay of technology and pedagogical practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experiential learning is the process of creating knowledge through the transformation of expe- rience and has been adopted in an increasing number of areas. This paper investigates the pos- sibility of technological support for experiential learning. A learning activity flow (or script) and a mobile technology system were designed to facilitate students in experiential learning. An experiment was conducted on

Chih-Hung Lai; Jie-Chi Yang; Fei Ching Chen; Chin-Wen Ho; Tak-Wai Chan

2007-01-01

267

A Mobile English-Chinese\\/Chinese-English Learning System Based on Web Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technologies have brought a new learn- ing environment. Although learning a language is a challenging task, with the help of electronic devices learning a language could be more ecient. Mobile devices such as cell phones, personal digital assistant (PDA), and pocket PCs made it possible to learn anytime and anywhere. \\

Chin-chih Chang

2007-01-01

268

Risky Business or Sharing the Load?--Social Flow in Collaborative Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning has been built upon the premise that we can transform traditional classroom or computer-based learning activities into a more ubiquitous and connected form of learning. Tentative outcomes from this assertion have been witnessed in many collaborative learning activities, but few analytic observations on what triggers this…

Ryu, Hokyoung; Parsons, David

2012-01-01

269

Modeling and Simulation of An Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) for Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With recent advances in mobile learning (m-learning), it is becoming possible for learning activities to occur everywhere. The learner model presented in our earlier work was partitioned into smaller elements in the form of learner profiles, which collectively represent the entire learning process. This paper presents an Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy…

Al-Hmouz, A.; Shen, Jun; Al-Hmouz, R.; Yan, Jun

2012-01-01

270

The Strategy Entropy of Reinforcement Learning for Mobile Robot Navigation in Complex Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the concept of entropy is introduced into reinforcement learning for mobile robot control. The definitions of the local and global strategy entropy are proposed respectively. The global strategy entropy is proved to be a quantitative problem-independent measurement for the learning progress, i.e. the convergence degree of the strategy. To improve the learning performance, a new learning algorithm

X. Zhuang

2005-01-01

271

Efficient QoS provisioning for adaptive multimedia in mobile communication networks by reinforcement learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The scarcity and large fluctuations of link bandwidth in wireless networks have motivated the development of adaptive multimedia services in mobile communication networks, where it is possible to increase or decrease the bandwidth of individual ongoing flows. This paper studies the issues of quality of service (QoS) provisioning in such systems. In particular, call admission control and bandwidth adaptation are formulated as a constrained Markov decision problem. The rapid growth in the number of states and the difficulty in estimating state transition probabilities in practical systems make it very difficult to employ classical methods to find the optimal policy. We present a novel approach that uses a form of reinforcement learning known as Q-learning to solve QoS provisioning for wireless adaptive multimedia. Q-learning does not require the explicit state transition model to solve the Markov decision problem; therefore more general and realistic assumptions can be applied to the underlying system model for this approach than in previous schemes. Moreover, the proposed scheme can efficiently handle the large state space and action set of the wireless adaptive multimedia QoS provisioning problem. Handoff dropping probability and average allocated bandwidth are considered as QoS constraints in our model and can be guaranteed simultaneously. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed scheme in adaptive multimedia mobile communication networks.

Yu, Fei; Wong, Vincent W. S.; Leung, Victor C.

2003-12-01

272

Learning Statics a Foundational Approach  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Statics is a pivotal course, whose concepts serve as the building blocks for future courses in engineering, mechanics of solids and design in particular. There is a common disappointment among many educators in the students abilities to apply the concepts to design/analyze real systems in the subsequent courses. The literature review also points to several innovative teaching pedagogies to alleviate the problems. The authors teaching pedagogy is based on the premise that students learn more effectively when the relevance of the concepts to real world problems and a systematic improvement in their skill set is tactilely, emotionally, and rationally understood. The pedagogy uses five teaching instruments: case studies, short design examples, intelligent formulation problems, concept questions, and work sheets. The paper discusses rationale behind these instruments and its implementation with examples. The results of a student survey indicate that the five instruments had a positive influence on the learning experience.

Boyer, Lawrence; Condoor, Sridhar; Jayaram, Sanjay

2011-06-10

273

Lessons Learned from Planning the Use of Mobile Technologies at Schools in Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports and discusses the findings from the first phase of a research study concerning the use of mobile technologies for teaching and learning within 10 schools in Hong Kong. Implementation plans devised by the schools were evaluated by an extended framework for analyzing mobile learning with a view from teachers' perspective. Initial finding reveals that teachers could contrive

Gary CHENG; Siu Cheung Kong

2010-01-01

274

Mobile Music Touch: The effect of primary tasks on passively learning piano sequences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Mobile Music Touch (MMT) system allows users to learn to reproduce piano note sequences while performing other tasks. The system consists of a mobile Bluetooth-enabled computing device and a fingerless glove with embedded vibrators corresponding to each finger and thumb. Melodies to be learned are played over the user's headphones repeatedly. As each note is played, the finger corresponding

Daniel Kohlsdorf; Thad Starner

2010-01-01

275

Study on the Development of Mobile Learning Promoted by Cloud Computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cloud computing which is regarded as the next revolution of science and technology is the development of distributed processing, parallel computing and grid computing. It is an Internet-based super computing model and is promoting the rapid development of mobile learning for its unique superiority as well. The paper summarizes the characteristics and models of traditional mobile learning, analyzes the features

Jian Li

2010-01-01

276

Identifying Research Priorities and Needs in Mobile Learning Technologies for Distance Education: A Delphi Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this study was to identify, categorize and rank the future research priorities and needs for mobile learning technologies. The key research inquiries were the following: (a) What are the major research issues and challenges identified by online workers for mobile learning technologies over the next ten years?, (b) What are the…

Kurubacak, Gulsun

2007-01-01

277

Exploring College Students' Attitudes and Self-Efficacy of Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous studies have indicated that computers and the internet play very important roles in students' acceptance and use of new information technology. In recent years, with the rapid development of mobile technology, mobile learning (m-learning) has becoming another popular topic. However, little is known about the students' attitudes and…

Yang, Shih-hsien

2012-01-01

278

Pre-Service English Teachers in Blended Learning Environment in Respect to Their Learning Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Blended learning environment (BLE) is increasingly used in the world, especially in university degrees and it is based on integrating web-based learning and face-to-face (FTF) learning environments. Besides integrating different learning environments, BLE also addresses to students with different learning approaches. The "learning approach"…

Yilmaz, M. Betul; Orhan, Feza

2010-01-01

279

Mobile Medical Education (MoMEd) - how mobile information resources contribute to learning for undergraduate clinical students - a mixed methods study  

PubMed Central

Background Mobile technology is increasingly being used by clinicians to access up-to-date information for patient care. These offer learning opportunities in the clinical setting for medical students but the underlying pedagogic theories are not clear. A conceptual framework is needed to understand these further. Our initial questions were how the medical students used the technology, how it enabled them to learn and what theoretical underpinning supported the learning. Methods 387 medical students were provided with a personal digital assistant (PDA) loaded with medical resources for the duration of their clinical studies. Outcomes were assessed by a mixed-methods triangulation approach using qualitative and quantitative analysis of surveys, focus groups and usage tracking data. Results Learning occurred in context with timely access to key facts and through consolidation of knowledge via repetition. The PDA was an important addition to the learning ecology rather than a replacement. Contextual factors impacted on use both positively and negatively. Barriers included concerns of interrupting the clinical interaction and of negative responses from teachers and patients. Students preferred a future involving smartphone platforms. Conclusions This is the first study to describe the learning ecology and pedagogic basis behind the use of mobile learning technologies in a large cohort of undergraduate medical students in the clinical environment. We have developed a model for mobile learning in the clinical setting that shows how different theories contribute to its use taking into account positive and negative contextual factors. The lessons from this study are transferable internationally, to other health care professions and to the development of similar initiatives with newer technology such as smartphones or tablet computers.

2012-01-01

280

Efficient dual approach to distance metric learning.  

PubMed

Distance metric learning is of fundamental interest in machine learning because the employed distance metric can significantly affect the performance of many learning methods. Quadratic Mahalanobis metric learning is a popular approach to the problem, but typically requires solving a semidefinite programming (SDP) problem, which is computationally expensive. The worst case complexity of solving an SDP problem involving a matrix variable of size D×D with O(D) linear constraints is about O(D(6.5)) using interior-point methods, where D is the dimension of the input data. Thus, the interior-point methods only practically solve problems exhibiting less than a few thousand variables. Because the number of variables is D(D+1)/2, this implies a limit upon the size of problem that can practically be solved around a few hundred dimensions. The complexity of the popular quadratic Mahalanobis metric learning approach thus limits the size of problem to which metric learning can be applied. Here, we propose a significantly more efficient and scalable approach to the metric learning problem based on the Lagrange dual formulation of the problem. The proposed formulation is much simpler to implement, and therefore allows much larger Mahalanobis metric learning problems to be solved. The time complexity of the proposed method is roughly O(D(3)), which is significantly lower than that of the SDP approach. Experiments on a variety of data sets demonstrate that the proposed method achieves an accuracy comparable with the state of the art, but is applicable to significantly larger problems. We also show that the proposed method can be applied to solve more general Frobenius norm regularized SDP problems approximately. PMID:24807037

Shen, Chunhua; Kim, Junae; Liu, Fayao; Wang, Lei; van den Hengel, Anton

2014-02-01

281

Beyond the Yellow Brick Road: Mobile Web 2.0 Informing a New Institutional E-Learning Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning (m-learning) has moved beyond the realms of fantasy to become a viable platform for contextual learning that bridges formal and informal learning environments. This paper overviews how mobile Web 2.0 has been instrumental in facilitating pedagogical change and informing an institution's new e-learning strategy that focuses upon…

Cochrane, Thomas D.

2011-01-01

282

Understanding Observational Learning: An Interbehavioral Approach  

PubMed Central

Observational learning is an important area in the field of psychology and behavior science more generally. Given this, it is essential that behavior analysts articulate a sound theory of how behavior change occurs through observation. This paper begins with an overview of seminal research in the area of observational learning, followed by a consideration of common behavior analytic conceptualizations of these findings. The interbehavioral perspective is then outlined, shedding light on some difficulties with the existing behavior analytic approaches. The implications of embracing the interbehavioral perspective for understanding the most complex sorts of behavior, including those involved in observational learning are considered.

Fryling, Mitch J; Johnston, Cristin; Hayes, Linda J

2011-01-01

283

Development and Evaluation of an Interactive Mobile Learning Environment with Shared Display Groupware  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When using mobile devices in support of learning activities, students gain mobility, but problems arise when group members share information. The small size of the mobile device screen becomes problematic when it is being used by two or more students to share and exchange information. This problem affects interactions among group members. To…

Yang, Jie Chi; Lin, Yi Lung

2010-01-01

284

TsoiChem: A Mobile Application to Facilitate Student Learning in Organic Chemistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile devices, such as the iPhone, are potentially powerful learning tools, with their touch screen capabilities and highly interactive and engaging applications available for download. The dependence of today's student on mobile devices also contributes to the possibility of increased student engagement and time-on-task - both factors in student success. This paper describes the development of a mobile application (app)

Mai Yin Tsoi; Sonal Dekhane

2011-01-01

285

Teacher learning about online learning: experiences of a situated approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores how teachers experience an online course designed to provide a situated approach to developing understanding of online learning. It describes how the course designer aimed to exploit the potentials of online tasks and interactions in relation to a rationale for situated teacher development, and then explores evidence of how teachers engaged with these processes. A picture of

Diane Slaouti

2007-01-01

286

Semantic Technologies for Socially-Enhanced Context-Aware Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present an extended ontological framework, m-LOCO, in which potentials of mobile devices as content delivery\\u000a media have been utilized in the design of a context-aware learning environment, where the learning content and\\/or the learning\\u000a environment are matched to the needs and requirements of the learning context. Moreover, we suggest the affordance of a socially-enhanced\\u000a self-regulated learning

Melody Siadaty; Ty Mey Eap; Jelena Jovanovic; Dragan Gasevic; Carlo Torniai; Marek Hatala

2008-01-01

287

Supporting vocabulary growth of high school students: An analysis of the potential of a mobile learning device and gaming app  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this dissertation was to explore the educational benefits of using an app on a mobile device (i.e. iPod Touch) to aid in the process of high school students' learning. The emphasis of this study explored the possibilities of learning vocabulary using a mobile device in an informal environment. Mobile devices embrace and encourage ubiquitous learning through their

Jennifer Redd

2011-01-01

288

A Mixed Learning Approach in Mechatronics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to investigate the effect of a Web-based mixed learning approach model on mechatronics education. The model combines different perception methods such as reading, listening, and speaking and practice methods developed in accordance with the vocational background of students enrolled in the course Electromechanical Systems in…

Yilmaz, O.; Tuncalp, K.

2011-01-01

289

Using Mobile Technologies for Assessment and Learning in Practice Settings: Outcomes of Five Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the outcomes of the Mobile Technologies Pilot Project for the Assessment and Learning in Practice Settings (ALPS) Centre for Excellence in Teaching and Learning (CETL). ALPS is a partnership of five Higher Education Institutions (HEI) that aims to develop and improve assessment, and thereby learning, in practice settings for…

Dearnley, Christine; Taylor, Jill; Hennessy, Scott; Parks, Maria; Coates, Catherine; Haigh, Jackie; Fairhall, John; Riley, Kevin; Dransfield, Mark

2009-01-01

290

Developing a Mobile Learning Solution for Health and Social Care Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we share our experiences of a large-scale five-year innovative programme to introduce mobile learning into health and social care (H&SC) practice placement learning and assessment that bridges the divide between the university classroom and the practice setting in which these students learn. The outputs are from the Assessment &…

Taylor, J. D.; Dearnley, C. A.; Laxton, J. C.; Coates, C. A.; Treasure-Jones, T.; Campbell, R.; Hall, I.

2010-01-01

291

Affordances of Mobile Technologies for Experiential Learning: The Interplay of Technology and Pedagogical Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Experiential learning is the process of creating knowledge through the transformation of experience and has been adopted in an increasing number of areas. This paper investigates the possibility of technological support for experiential learning. A learning activity flow (or script) and a mobile technology system were designed to facilitate…

Lai, Chih-Hung; Yang, J.-C.; Chen, F.-C.; Ho, C.-W.; Chan, T.-W.

2007-01-01

292

Structuring and Regulating Collaborative Learning in Higher Education with Wireless Networks and Mobile Tools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In our recent research we have explored possibilities to scaffold collaborative learning in higher education with wireless networks and mobile tools. The pedagogical ideas are grounded on concepts of collaborative learning, including the socially shared origin of cognition, as well as self-regulated learning theory. This paper presents our three…

Jarvela, Sanna; Naykki, Piia; Laru, Jari; Luokkanen, Tiina

2007-01-01

293

Mobile Adaptive CALL (MAC): A case-study in developing a mobile learning application for speech\\/audio language training  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a case-study on developing an adaptive computer assisted language learning software built for mobile devices. Our application, called mobile adaptive CALL (MAC) is aimed at helping Japanese-English speakers in perceptually distinguishing the non-native \\/r\\/ vs. \\/l\\/ English phonemic contrast with a view to improving their discrimination. The software is adaptive and more practice is given

Maria Uther; Iraide Zipitria; Pushpendra Singh; James Uther

2005-01-01

294

Enhancing care for individuals with mobility impairments: lessons learned in the implementation of a primary care-based mobility clinic.  

PubMed

Persons with mobility impairments experience significant barriers to primary healthcare. This study examines key lessons learned, as derived from interviews with referral sources and Centre for Family Medicine Mobility Clinic team members, in the development and implementation of a primary care-based mobility clinic aimed at reducing these barriers, and it reflects on the implications of this model of care on the system of care. Results highlight the importance of accessibility, specialized equipment, promotional activities and management support as well as challenges reflected by system barriers to care. The results of this study have implications for the application of this model of care in other settings. PMID:24863450

Lee, Joseph; Milligan, James; Hillier, Loretta M; McMillan, Colleen

2013-01-01

295

Economic Gardening through Entrepreneurship Education: A Service-Learning Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article outlines the implementation of a service-learning approach in an entrepreneurship programme using an "economic gardening" strategy. Economic Gardening through Service-Learning (EGS-L) is an approach to economic development that helps local businesses and students grow through a facilitated learning process. Learning is made possible…

Desplaces, David E.; Wergeles, Fred; McGuigan, Patrick

2009-01-01

296

Mobile Assisted Language Learning in University EFL Courses in Japan: Developing Attitudes and Skills for Self-Regulated Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports a project in which researchers at universities in Japan explored the use of Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALL) practices by developing a learning module intended to help improve students' scores on the TOEIC Listening and Reading Tests. MALL practices are currently being developed at universities in Japan because almost…

Kondo, Mutsumi; Ishikawa, Yasushige; Smith, Craig; Sakamoto, Kishio; Shimomura, Hidenori; Wada, Norihisa

2012-01-01

297

Approaching the Limit of Predictability in Human Mobility  

PubMed Central

In this study we analyze the travel patterns of 500,000 individuals in Cote d'Ivoire using mobile phone call data records. By measuring the uncertainties of movements using entropy, considering both the frequencies and temporal correlations of individual trajectories, we find that the theoretical maximum predictability is as high as 88%. To verify whether such a theoretical limit can be approached, we implement a series of Markov chain (MC) based models to predict the actual locations visited by each user. Results show that MC models can produce a prediction accuracy of 87% for stationary trajectories and 95% for non-stationary trajectories. Our findings indicate that human mobility is highly dependent on historical behaviors, and that the maximum predictability is not only a fundamental theoretical limit for potential predictive power, but also an approachable target for actual prediction accuracy.

Lu, Xin; Wetter, Erik; Bharti, Nita; Tatem, Andrew J.; Bengtsson, Linus

2013-01-01

298

Developing a Mobile Learning Environment to Support Virtual Education Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning communities gained attention in 1984 after the publication of the "Involvement in Learning" report, which was sponsored by the U.S. Education Department. The authors of the report stated that active engagement in learning processes enhances learning and leads to two fundamental principles: (1) The amount of student learning and personal…

Heath, Barbara; Herman, Russell; Lugo, Gabriel; Reeves, James; Vetter, Ron; Ward, Charles R.

2005-01-01

299

Mobile Microblogging: Using Twitter and Mobile Devices in an Online Course to Promote Learning in Authentic Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research applied a mixed-method design to explore how best to promote learning in authentic contexts in an online graduate course in instructional message design. The students used Twitter apps on their mobile devices to collect, share, and comment on authentic design examples found in their daily lives. The data sources included tweets…

Hsu, Yu-Chang; Ching, Yu-Hui

2012-01-01

300

Iterative learning control approach for ramp metering  

Microsoft Academic Search

An iterative learning control scheme is developed to the traffic density control in a macroscopic level freeway environment.\\u000a With rigorous analysis, the proposed intelligent control scheme guarantees the asymptotic convergence of the traffic density\\u000a to the desired one. The control scheme is applied to a freeway model, and simulation results confirm the efficacy of the proposed\\u000a approach.

Zhongsheng Hou; Jianxin Xu

2005-01-01

301

Students' approaches to learning science: responding to learners' needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on students' approaches to learning science. In particular, it highlights the findings of three related research studies conducted by the author and teases out the implications for instructional practice in science classrooms. Areas of focus include: (a) the nature of students' approaches to learning; (b) a comparison of the qualitative differences between deep and surface learning approaches;

Christine Chin

302

A Conceptual Model of Relationships among Constructivist Learning Environment Perceptions, Epistemological Beliefs, and Learning Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study proposed a conceptual model of relationships among constructivist learning environment perception variables (Personal Relevance, Uncertainty, Critical Voice, Shared Control, and Student Negotiation), scientific epistemological belief variables (fixed and tentative), and learning approach. It was proposed that learning environment…

Ozkal, Kudret; Tekkaya, Ceren; Cakiroglu, Jale; Sungur, Semra

2009-01-01

303

Mobile City and Language Guides--New Links between Formal and Informal Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the major challenges in second and foreign language education, is to create links between formal and informal learning environments. Mobile City and Language Guides present examples of theoretical and practical reflections on such links. This paper presents and discusses the first considerations of Mobile City and Language Guides in…

Bo-Kristensen, Mads; Ankerstjerne, Niels Ole; Neutzsky-Wulff, Chresteria; Schelde, Herluf

2009-01-01

304

Role of Mobile Technology in Promoting Campus-Wide Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examines the role of mobile technology in promoting campus-wide learning environment. Its main objectives were to a) evaluate the role of mobile technology in higher education in terms of its i). appropriateness ii). flexibility iii). Interactivity, & iv). availability & usefulness and to b). identify the problems of students…

Hussain, Irshad; Adeeb, Muhammad Aslam

2009-01-01

305

Split-Attention and Redundancy Effects on Mobile Learning in Physical Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated split-attention and redundancy effects in a mobile learning environment on leaf morphology of plants as a function of different combinations of media. Eighty-one fifth-grade students were randomly assigned to the following three conditions: texts with pictures embedded in the mobile device (TP condition); texts embedded in…

Liu, Tzu-Chien; Lin, Yi-Chun; Tsai, Meng-Jung; Paas, Fred

2012-01-01

306

Mobile English Learning: An Evidence-Based Study with Fifth Graders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three groups participated in a study on the added value of mobile technology for learning English as a second language for primary school students. The first group had classroom lessons in English about zoo animals and their characteristics. The second group took classroom lessons and worked with a mobile application on location in a public zoo.…

Sandberg, Jacobijn; Maris, Marinus; de Geus, Kaspar

2011-01-01

307

A Means of Personalising Learning: Incorporating Old and New Literacies in the Curriculum with Mobile Phones  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores a notion of "personalising learning" which puts the learner at the centre, supported by mobile technology and teacher mediation. It reports a small study in the Northern Territory of Australia, with indigenous students who were given mobile camera phones to capture aspects of their everyday lives and bring them into school.…

Hartnell-Young, Elizabeth; Vetere, Frank

2008-01-01

308

Students' Attitudes and Perceptions towards the Effectiveness of Mobile Learning in King Saud University, Saudi Arabia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main aim of this research study is to better understand and measure students' attitudes and perceptions towards the effectiveness of mobile learning. This paper reports on the results of a survey of one hundred eighty six undergraduate female students at King Saud University about their attitude and perception to the use of mobile technology…

Al-Fahad, Fahad N.

2009-01-01

309

STUDENTS' ATTITUDES AND PERCEPTIONS TOWARDS THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MOBILE LEARNING IN KING SAUD UNIVERSITY, SAUDI ARABIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main aim of this research study is to better understand and measure students' attitudes and perceptions towards the effectiveness of mobile learning. This paper reports on the results of a survey of one hundred eighty six undergraduate female students at King Saud University about their attitude and perception to the use of mobile technology in education. An analysis of

Fahad N. Al-FAHAD

310

Offline web application and quiz synchronization for e-learning activity for mobile browser  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid growing of internet applications and users has led the improvement of mobile web browser technology and standards such as HTML5. Recently, HTML5 is turning to be a de facto standard after some of its features has been implemented in major mobile web browsers. Moodle as a web based Learning Management System (LMS) has been popular in academic environment for

Royyana M. Ijtihadie; Yoshifumi Chisaki; Tsuyoshi Usagawa; H. B. Cahyo; Achmad Affandi

2010-01-01

311

Learning Programming with IPRO: The Effects of a Mobile, Social Programming Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we present two studies examining how high school students learn to program in a mobile, social programming environment that we have developed and deployed ("IPRO"). IPRO is delivered, with an associated curriculum, as an iPod Touch app and is freely and publicly available. We find that the affordances of mobility and…

Martin, Taylor; Berland, Matthew; Benton, Tom; Smith, Carmen Petrick

2013-01-01

312

The Flexible Learning Approach to Physics (FLAP)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Flexible Learning Approach to Physics (FLAP) is an extensive, high quality, supported self-study teaching resource, developed on behalf of the whole UK university sector. FLAP addresses the twin problems of an increasing diversity of intake into physics degree courses and their decreasing familiarity with the use of mathematics in a physical context. It has been developed over a three year period, funded ($1M) by the UK Higher Education Funding Councils. It offers a new approach to the teaching of physics and its associated mathematics. FLAP includes 83 free-standing modules of physics and mathematics, ranging from pre-university level to some point within the first or second year of a physics or engineering degree course. Its range also makes it useful at upper high school level. It presents an integrated approach to physics and mathematics, introducing mathematics within a physical context, where possible, and sharing a common notation with the physics. FLAP includes about 2500 pages of text, with video, audio and CAL support and has a Tutor Guide with an electronic question bank of about 1700 questions and solutions. A feature of the resource is that the modular text is photocopiable by departments for their own students, giving maximum flexibility of use. Physics departments can use this as they choose, to support their present courses or to create new courses of their own design. The FLAP self-study teaching style encourages active learning and gives students more ownership of this learning. Field trials show that it can increase student self-motivation and its style is welcomed. It offers gains in the quality and efficiency of teaching and learning and is expected to make a considerable impact wherever teaching quality has to be maintained or improved, particularly with reducing staff resources. FLAP is now being made available world-wide.

Lambourne, R. J.; Tinker, M. H.; Windsor, S. A.

1997-03-01

313

Transgenesis of schistosomes: approaches employing mobile genetic elements.  

PubMed

Draft genome sequences for Schistosoma mansoni and Schistosoma japonicum are now available. However, the identity and importance of most schistosome genes have yet to be determined. Recently, progress has been made towards the genetic manipulation and transgenesis of schistosomes. Both loss-of-function and gain-of-function approaches appear to be feasible in schistosomes based on findings described in the past 5 years. This review focuses on reports of schistosome transgenesis, specifically those dealing with the transformation of schistosomes with exogenous mobile genetic elements and/or their endogenous relatives for the genetic manipulation of schistosomes. Transgenesis mediated by mobile genetic elements offers a potentially tractable route to introduce foreign genes to schistosomes, a means to determine the importance of schistosome genes, including those that could be targeted in novel interventions and the potential to undertake large-scale forward genetics by insertional mutagenesis. PMID:17991304

Mann, V H; Morales, M E; Kines, K J; Brindley, P J

2008-02-01

314

A Location-Dependent Data Encryption Approach for Enhancing Mobile Information System Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

The wide spread of WLAN and the popularity of mobile devices increases the frequency of data transmission among mobile users. How to provide a secure and convenient protocol for data transmission is important. In this paper we propose a location-dependent approach is proposed for mobile information system. The mobile client transmits a target latitude\\/longitude coordinate for data encryption to information

Hsien-Chou Liao; Po-Ching Lee; Yun-Hsiang Chao; Chin-Ling Chen

2007-01-01

315

Defining, Discussing, and Evaluating Mobile Learning: The moving finger writes and having writ…  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the start of the current millennium, experience and expertise in the development and delivery of mobile learning have blossomed and a community of practice has evolved that is distinct from the established communities of 'tethered' e-Learning. This community is currently visible mainly through dedicated international conference series, of which MLEARN is the most prestigious, rather than through any dedicated

John Traxler

316

English Class on the Air: Mobile Language Learning with Cell Phones  

Microsoft Academic Search

Busy, active adults often do not have the time or ability to study in traditional, face-to-face classroom settings. In addition, adult learners may need access to content or expertise as they go about their daily activities, which may take them far from their fixed computers. Yet, these adults often have compelling needs to learn new knowledge and skills. Mobile learning

Timothy G. Collins

2005-01-01

317

Examining the Influence of a Mobile Learning Intervention on Third Grade Math Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Third grade students at a Midwestern elementary school participated in a 9-week mobile learning intervention (MLI). Two classrooms used Everyday Math and daily practice using flashcards, etc., to learn multiplication. Two other classrooms used Everyday Math and web applications for the iPod touch for daily practice. MLI students outperformed…

Kiger, Derick; Herro, Dani; Prunty, Deb

2012-01-01

318

Using Mobile Communication Technology in High School Education: Motivation, Pressure, and Learning Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motivation and pressure are considered two factors impacting vocational senior high school student learning. New communication technology, especially mobile communication technology, is supposed to be effective in encouraging interaction between the student and the instructor and improving learning efficiency. Social presence and information…

Rau, Pei-Luen Patrick; Gao, Qin; Wu, Li-Mei

2008-01-01

319

A Comparison of Undergraduate Students' English Vocabulary Learning: Using Mobile Phones and Flash Cards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Knowing a foreign language has become crucial to reach information. Learning vocabulary is the fundamental step to learn a foreign language. New devices are invented everyday to fulfill the needs of citizens of the twenty-first century. Increased use of mobile phones has made them popular for not only communication, but also entertainment and…

Basoglu, Emrah Baki; Akdemir, Omur

2010-01-01

320

Effects of Cues and Real Objects on Learning in a Mobile Device Supported Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated whether arrow-line cues can improve the effectiveness and efficiency of learning in a mobile device supported learning environment on leaf morphology of plants, either with or without the use of real plants. A cued and un-cued condition, in which primary school students used text and pictures on a tablet PC, were compared…

Liu, Tzu-Chien; Lin, Yi-Chun; Paas, Fred

2013-01-01

321

Defining, Discussing, and Evaluating Mobile Learning: The Moving Finger Writes and Having Writ...  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the start of the current millennium, experience and expertise in the development and delivery of mobile learning have blossomed and a community of practice has evolved that is distinct from the established communities of "tethered" e-Learning. This community is currently visible mainly through dedicated international conference series, of…

Traxler, John

2007-01-01

322

The Growth of m-Learning and the Growth of Mobile Computing: Parallel Developments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

m-Learning is made possible by the existence and application of mobile hardware and networking technology. By exploring the capabilities of these technologies, it is possible to construct a picture of how different components of m-Learning can be implemented. This paper will explore the major technologies currently in use: portable digital…

Caudill, Jason G.

2007-01-01

323

An Autonomous Mobile Agent-Based Distributed Learning Architecture: A Proposal and Analytical Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current distance learning systems are increasingly packing highly data-intensive contents on servers, resulting in the congestion of network and server resources at peak service times. A distributed learning system based on faded information field (FIF) architecture that employs mobile agents (MAs) has been proposed and simulated in this work. The…

Ahmed, Iftikhar; Sadeq, Muhammad Jafar

2006-01-01

324

Students' Personal and Social Meaning Making in a Chinese Idiom Mobile Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we present a design research study in Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALL) that emphasizes learner created content and contextualized meaning making. In learning Chinese idioms, students proactively used smartphones on a 1:1 basis to capture photos of the real-life contexts pertaining to the idioms, and to construct sentences…

Wong, Lung-Hsiang; Chin, Chee-Kuen; Tan, Chee-Lay; Liu, May

2010-01-01

325

An Intelligent Mobile Location-Aware Book Recommendation System that Enhances Problem-Based Learning in Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite rapid and continued adoption of mobile devices, few learning modes integrate with mobile technologies and libraries' environments as innovative learning modes that emphasize the key roles of libraries in facilitating learning. In addition, some education experts have claimed that transmitting knowledge to learners is not the only…

Chen, Chih-Ming

2013-01-01

326

The Influence of Perceived Convenience and Curiosity on Continuance Intention in Mobile English Learning for High School Students Using PDAs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning aims to utilise communication devices such as mobile devices and wireless connection in combination with e-learning systems, allowing learners to experience convenient, instant and suitable learning at unrestricted time and place. Participants were 125 Taiwanese senior high school students, whose continuance intention was examined…

Chang, Chi-Cheng; Tseng, Kuo-Hung; Liang, Chaoyun; Yan, Chi-Fang

2013-01-01

327

Teaching to students' learning styles: approaches that work  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, successful approaches to teaching undergraduate physics and engineering students using strategies developed from two independent learning style models are described. The first learning style model described is the Dunn and Dunn Learning Style Model. The Dunn and Dunn Learning Style Model is employed with nonscience majors enrolled in introductory physics at American University. The second model described

Teresa L. Hein; Dan D. Budny

1999-01-01

328

A Multistrategy Approach to Classifier Learning from Time Series  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an approach to inductive concept learning using multiple models for time series. Our objective is to improve the efficiency and accuracy of concept learning by decomposing learning tasks that admit multiple types of learning architectures and mixture estimation methods. The decomposition method adapts attribute subset selection and constructive induction (cluster definition) to define new subproblems. To these problem

William H. Hsu; Sylvian R. Ray; David C. Wilkins

2000-01-01

329

Promotion of Cooperation in a Spatial Public Goods Game with Long Range Learning and Mobility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We studied the effect of population density in a spatial public goods game. We found that the effect on the evolution of cooperation is very complex when the strategy learning and mobility of players in a long range are considered in a two-dimensional lattice. As the learning range is larger than the mobility range, the system is driven to enter into a cooperation state for a low population density, because a small local group is beneficial to sustain a high level of cooperation. As population density increases to a moderate range, the mobility of players from a domain invaded by defectors supports the evolution stability of cooperation. When the mobility range is larger than the learning range, a formation of compact domains of cooperators promotes cooperation as the population density becomes high.

Xiao, Yao; Hua, Da-Yin

2012-11-01

330

Maximizing exposure therapy: An inhibitory learning approach.  

PubMed

Exposure therapy is an effective approach for treating anxiety disorders, although a substantial number of individuals fail to benefit or experience a return of fear after treatment. Research suggests that anxious individuals show deficits in the mechanisms believed to underlie exposure therapy, such as inhibitory learning. Targeting these processes may help improve the efficacy of exposure-based procedures. Although evidence supports an inhibitory learning model of extinction, there has been little discussion of how to implement this model in clinical practice. The primary aim of this paper is to provide examples to clinicians for how to apply this model to optimize exposure therapy with anxious clients, in ways that distinguish it from a 'fear habituation' approach and 'belief disconfirmation' approach within standard cognitive-behavior therapy. Exposure optimization strategies include 1) expectancy violation, 2) deepened extinction, 3) occasional reinforced extinction, 4) removal of safety signals, 5) variability, 6) retrieval cues, 7) multiple contexts, and 8) affect labeling. Case studies illustrate methods of applying these techniques with a variety of anxiety disorders, including obsessive-compulsive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, social phobia, specific phobia, and panic disorder. PMID:24864005

Craske, Michelle G; Treanor, Michael; Conway, Christopher C; Zbozinek, Tomislav; Vervliet, Bram

2014-07-01

331

Approaches to Learning and Study Orchestrations in High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the framework of the SAL (Students' approaches to learning) position, the learning experience (approaches to learning and study orchestrations) of 572 high school students was explored, examining its interrelationships with some personal and familial variables. Three major results emerged. First, links were found between family's intellectual…

Cano, Francisco

2007-01-01

332

A Conceptual Analysis on the Approaches to Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of approach to learning was first identified by Marton and Saljo in 1976. Numerous researchers have conducted studies on students' approaches to learning since 1976. There appears considerable confusion in the literature concerning the terms cognitive styles and learning styles. Therefore, there is a remarkable ambiguity about the…

Ak, Serife

2008-01-01

333

Integrating Adult Learning and Technologies for Effective Education: Strategic Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As adult learners and educators pioneer the use of technology in the new century, attention has been focused on developing strategic approaches to effectively integrate adult learning and technology in different learning environments. "Integrating Adult Learning and Technologies for Effective Education: Strategic Approaches" provides innovative…

Wang, Victor C. X.

2010-01-01

334

Learning and Schooling in the Age of Mobilism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Speeding past the Steve Jobs Post-PC Era into the Age of Mobilism, the authors foresee how, by 2015, each and every student in America's K-12 classrooms will be using their own mobile computing device, with those devices engendering the most disruptive transformation in education in 150 years. Classrooms will move from today's "I Teach"…

Norris, Cathleen A.; Soloway, Elliot

2011-01-01

335

Computational approaches to motor learning by imitation.  

PubMed Central

Movement imitation requires a complex set of mechanisms that map an observed movement of a teacher onto one's own movement apparatus. Relevant problems include movement recognition, pose estimation, pose tracking, body correspondence, coordinate transformation from external to egocentric space, matching of observed against previously learned movement, resolution of redundant degrees-of-freedom that are unconstrained by the observation, suitable movement representations for imitation, modularization of motor control, etc. All of these topics by themselves are active research problems in computational and neurobiological sciences, such that their combination into a complete imitation system remains a daunting undertaking-indeed, one could argue that we need to understand the complete perception-action loop. As a strategy to untangle the complexity of imitation, this paper will examine imitation purely from a computational point of view, i.e. we will review statistical and mathematical approaches that have been suggested for tackling parts of the imitation problem, and discuss their merits, disadvantages and underlying principles. Given the focus on action recognition of other contributions in this special issue, this paper will primarily emphasize the motor side of imitation, assuming that a perceptual system has already identified important features of a demonstrated movement and created their corresponding spatial information. Based on the formalization of motor control in terms of control policies and their associated performance criteria, useful taxonomies of imitation learning can be generated that clarify different approaches and future research directions.

Schaal, Stefan; Ijspeert, Auke; Billard, Aude

2003-01-01

336

An Expert System-based Context-Aware Ubiquitous Learning Approach for Conducting Science Learning Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context-aware ubiquitous learning has been recognized as being a promising approach that enables students to interact with real-world learning targets with supports from the digital world. Several researchers have indicated the importance of providing learning guidance or hints to individual students during the context-aware ubiquitous learning

Wu, Po-Han; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Tsai, Wen-Hung

2013-01-01

337

A Narrative Approach for Organizational Learning in a Diverse Organisation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to construct an approach referred to as "the participatory narrative" for organizational learning in diverse organizations. The approach is grounded in an understanding of organizational learning as the process of social construction which is narratively mediated. Design/methodology/approach: The participatory narrative is…

Lamsa, Anna-Maija; Sintonen, Teppo

2006-01-01

338

Cyber Asynchronous versus Blended Cyber Approach in Distance English Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to compare the single cyber asynchronous learning approach with the blended cyber learning approach in distance English education. Two classes of 70 students participated in this study, which lasted one semester of about four months, with one class using the blended approach for their English study and the other only using the…

Ge, Zi-Gang

2012-01-01

339

Cellular SCTP: a transport-layer approach to Internet mobility  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we describe a transport layer mobility scheme termed Cellular SCTP, or cSCTP for short, based on the stream control transmission protocol (SCTP), for seamless soft handoff. We compare mobile IPv6 and two of its variants (mobile IPv6 with fast-handover and hierarchical mobile IPv6) with cSCTP on various aspects (especially the handoff process of micro-mobility). We also analyze

Ilknur Aydin; Woojin Seok; Chien-Chung Shen

2003-01-01

340

Idiomobile for Learners of English: A Study of Learners' Usage of a Mobile Learning Application for Learning Idioms and Collocations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored how four groups of English learners used a mobile software application developed by the researcher for learning idiomatic expressions and collocations. A total of 45 learners in the study used the application for a period of one week. Data for this study was collected from a questionnaire, the application, and follow-up…

Amer, Mahmoud Atiah

2010-01-01

341

Gender Differences in Approaches to Learning: Across Cultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article assesses the cross?cultural models of approaches to learning. Using the Learning Process Questionnaire (LPQ; Biggs, 1987), a 36?item, self?report questionnaire, on a sample of 612 Urban South African students to measure the extent to which students endorse different approaches to learning by identifying the motives and strategies that comprise those approaches, and the generalizability of the findings of

Adebowale Akande

1999-01-01

342

Multiple Regression Analysis of Epistemological Beliefs, Learning Approaches, and Self-Regulated Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Recent research in educational psychology has explored student approaches to learning (SAL) and epistemological beliefs within the theoretical framework of self-regulated learning. The focus of this research study seeks to explore the predictiveness of learning approaches and epistemological beliefs on students' self-regulatory…

Phan, Huy P.

2008-01-01

343

An Approach for Detecting Learning Styles in Learning Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Detecting the needs of learners is a challenging but essential task to be able to provide adaptivity. In this paper we present a tool that enables learning management systems (LMS) to detect learning styles based on the behavior of learners during an online course. By calculating the learning styles and filling the student model of LMS with such personal data,

Sabine Graf; Kinshuk

2006-01-01

344

A Neural-Functionalist Approach to Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers within the field of learning have traditionally divided their empirical world according to methodology, with phenomena classified as single stimulus learning, Pavlovian conditioning, or in- strumental learning. This trichotomy, a vestige of our behaviorist past, continues to influence the field, both in the classroom and in the laboratory. Relying on data collected using a simple model system (learning within

James W. Grau; Robin L. Joynes

2005-01-01

345

Pervasive, Lifestyle-Integrated Mobile Learning for Distance Learners: An Analysis and Unexpected Results from a Podcasting Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article opens with a discussion of how and why mobile learning (m-learning) is purported to be the next step in the evolution of distance education, before looking at various perspectives on what m-learning constitutes. It critically examines the degree to which "true" m-learning has been achieved, by offering pedagogical value beyond the…

Lee, Mark J. W.; Chan, Anthony

2007-01-01

346

Dual Device User Interface Design for Ubiquitous Language Learning: Mobile Phone and Interactive Television (iTV)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe the design and development of a system that facilitates language learning from a combination of two devices, interactive television (iTV) and mobile phone. We present a number of requirements for technologies to support informal language learning based on theories of language learning, theories of formal and informal learning, our own studies of adult language learners

Sanaz Fallahkhair; Lyn Pemberton; Richard N. Griffiths

2005-01-01

347

Pharmacy Students' Approaches to Learning in an Australian University  

PubMed Central

Objectives To investigate how pharmacy students' approaches to learning change over the duration of a bachelor of pharmacy degree program. Methods Data were obtained from a cross-sectional, repeated measures design, using a validated self-report survey instrument. Areas examined included processing and regulation strategies, motivational preferences for learning, and the relationship between approaches to learning and academic performance. Results Pharmacy students were strongly vocationally oriented in their studies across all year groups. This approach had a significant relationship to academic performance. Overall, students indicated a preference for external regulation strategies. There was little evidence of maturation in approaches to learning as students progressed through the curriculum. Conclusions Students' preference for vocationally related strategies can be harnessed to increase both adoption of self-regulation behaviors and motivation for mastery of material. Comparison of our results with other studies indicates that approaches to learning may be influenced more by the learning environment than the discipline of study.

Saini, Bandana; Krass, Ines; Chen, Timothy; Bosnic-Anticevich, Sinthia; Sainsbury, Erica

2007-01-01

348

Distributed Reinforcement Learning Approach for Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Vehicular Ad hoc Networks (VANETs), general purpose ad hoc routing protocols such as AODV cannot work efficiently due to the frequent changes in network topology caused by vehicle movement. This paper proposes a VANET routing protocol QLAODV (Q-Learning AODV) which suits unicast applications in high mobility scenarios. QLAODV is a distributed reinforcement learning routing protocol, which uses a Q-Learning algorithm to infer network state information and uses unicast control packets to check the path availability in a real time manner in order to allow Q-Learning to work efficiently in a highly dynamic network environment. QLAODV is favored by its dynamic route change mechanism, which makes it capable of reacting quickly to network topology changes. We present an analysis of the performance of QLAODV by simulation using different mobility models. The simulation results show that QLAODV can efficiently handle unicast applications in VANETs.

Wu, Celimuge; Kumekawa, Kazuya; Kato, Toshihiko

349

Adaptive Learning Approach of Fuzzy Logic Controller with Evolution for Pursuit-Evasion Games  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This paper studies a simplified pursuit-evasion problem. We assume that the evader moves with constant speed along a trajectory\\u000a that is well-defined and known a priori. The objective of steering control of the pursuer modeled as a nonholonomic unicycle-type\\u000a mobile robot is to intercept the moving evader. An adaptive learning approach of fuzzy logic controller is developed as an\\u000a inverse

Hung-Chien Chung; Jing-Sin Liu

2010-01-01

350

Adult Learning in Health and Safety: Some Issues and Approaches.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which was developed for presentation at a seminar on adult learning and safety, examines approaches to occupational safety and health (OSH) learning/training in the workplace. Section 1 examines selected factors affecting adults' learning in workplace OSH programs. The principal dimensions along which individual adult learners will…

O Fathaigh, Mairtin

351

A Learned-Behavior Approach to Management Skill Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A learned-behavior approach to competency-based management education involves (1) learning and role plying of micro skills; (2) observing, critiquing, and reflecting on use of micro skills; (3) application in real situations; and (4) analysis of application. Micro skills components and inductive learning of behavior provide a useful foundation for…

Hunt, James G.; Sorenson, Ritch L.

2001-01-01

352

An iterative learning approach for local ramp metering  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work, we apply the iterative learning control approach to address the ramp metering in a macroscopic level freeway environment. By formulating the original ramp metering problem into an output tracking and disturbance rejection problem, iterative learning control method can greatly improve the traffic response. The learning mechanism is further combined with well-known ALINEA in a complementary and modular

Zhongsheng Hou; Hongwei Zhong; Jian-Xin Xu

2004-01-01

353

Demarcating Advanced Learning Approaches from Methodological and Technological Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the field of design and engineering education, the fast and expansive evolution of information and communication technologies is steadily converting traditional learning approaches into more advanced ones. Facilitated by Broadband (high bandwidth) personal computers, distance learning has developed into web-hosted electronic learning. The…

Horvath, Imre; Peck, David; Verlinden, Jouke

2009-01-01

354

E-learning Indicators Approach to Developing E-learning Software Solutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research is proposing a new way of tackling the process of creation of e-learning solutions as interactive environments by integrating and undertaking the software engineering approach based on e-learning indicators. The study proposes and recommends as starting point in any e-learning initiative assessment, measurement and evaluation of concepts and factors that influence e-learning further represented as e-learning indicators. The

Bekim Fetaji; Majlinda Fetaji

2007-01-01

355

Success Factors in Mobile Viral Marketing: A Multi-Case Study Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

A prior study showed that mobile viral marketing is an important issue of mobile marketing. Using a multi- case study research approach, we introduce a typology of four standard types of mobile viral marketing and extract eight success factors for this new form of marketing. As a final step, we structure the relationship between both, showing success factors' significance in

Dietmar Georg Wiedemann

2007-01-01

356

Statecraft X: Enacting Citizenship Education Using a Mobile Learning Game Played on Apple iPhones  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we report on a mobile learning game, Statecraft X, designed and developed to enact a program for citizenship education undertaken by 15-year-old students. The game is played on Apple iPhones. Located in the Social Studies curriculum, the game represents one component of a broader learning environment that includes in-class dialogic activity to facilitate student sense making and

Yam San Chee; Ek Ming Tan; Qiang Liu

2010-01-01

357

Context-Aware Mobile Computing: Learning Context-Dependent Personal Preferences from a Wearable Sensor Array  

Microsoft Academic Search

Context-aware computing describes the situation where a wearable\\/mobile computer is aware of its user's state and surroundings and modifies its behavior based on this information. We designed, implemented, and evaluated a wearable system which can learn context-dependent personal preferences by identifying individual user states and observing how the user interacts with the system in these states. This learning occurs online

Andreas Krause; Asim Smailagic; Daniel P. Siewiorek

2006-01-01

358

A seamless handoff approach of Mobile IP protocol for mobile wireless data networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

With recent advances in wireless communication technology, mobile computing is an increasingly important area of research. Enabling mobility in IP networks is a significant issue for making use of many portable devices appearing on the Internet. The IP mobility support being standardized in the IETF utilizes tunneling of IP packets from a home agent to a foreign agent to make

I-Wei Wu; Wen-Shiung Chen; Ho-En Liao; Fongray Frank Young

2002-01-01

359

A factor analytic approach towards determining mobile tourism services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The tourism sector is one of the world's most important economic sectors, and the increasing popularity of mobile devices presents an opportunity for developing innovative mobile tourism services. While there is much research on the development and evaluation of mobile tourism applications and on generalized tourist needs and behavior, there is little work on understanding the types of services tourists

Dion H. Goh; Rebecca P. Ang; Y. K. Chua Alton; Chu Keong Lee

2009-01-01

360

Transforming Clinical Imaging and 3D Data for Virtual Reality Learning Objects: HTML5 and Mobile Devices Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Web deployable anatomical simulations or "virtual reality learning objects" can easily be produced with QuickTime VR software, but their use for online and mobile learning is being limited by the declining support for web browser plug-ins for personal computers and unavailability on popular mobile devices like Apple iPad and Android…

Trelease, Robert B.; Nieder, Gary L.

2013-01-01

361

Identify Research Priorities and Needs for Mobile Learning Technologies in Open and Distance Education: A Delphi Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this paper was to identify, categorize and rank the future research priorities and needs for Mobile Learning Technologies. Based on the main purpose of this study, the key research inquiries are: (1) What are the major research issues and challenges identified by the online workers for Mobile Learning Technologies over the next…

Kurubacak, Gulsun

2007-01-01

362

Development Fund Activities Overview PROJECT TITLE: MOBILE LEARNING \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last few years there has been an explosive growth in the use of mobile devices, such as laptops, iPods, mp3 players and phones. These devices have become an integral part of our daily lives, yielding the new concept of 'infotainment'. However their benefit to us has not yet reached its full potential, particularly within formal education. This project

Paul McCullagh; Gaye Lightbody; Malcolm Hutchison

363

An Educational Mobile Blogging System for Supporting Collaborative Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the gradual adoption of "Web 2.0" technologies, one of key Web 2.0 technologies, blog, has become a popular and wide-accepted Web application. Although mobile device users can access the Web whenever or wherever the need arises, there is not an easy way to publish their thoughts and experiences via blog articles. In this study, we offer a…

Huang, Yueh-Min; Jeng, Yu-Lin; Huang, Tien-Chi

2009-01-01

364

Environmental Complexity Control for Vision-Based Learning Mobile Robot  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses how a robot can develop its state vector according to the complexity of the interac- tions with its environment. A method for controlling the complexity is proposed for a vision-based mobile robot of which task is to shoot a ball into a goal avoid- ing collisions with a goal keeper. First, we provide the most dicult situation

Eiji Uchibe; Minoru Asada; Koh Hosoda

1998-01-01

365

Producing Complex Behaviours on Trajectory Velocity Learning Mobile Robots  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a novel and effective method for devising complex behaviours on a mobile robot that is considerably easier to implement than most existing robot control methods. Instead of desig n- ing multiple behaviours and a subsumption layer for selecting behaviours, this method provides the robot with only one behaviour (goal seeking) and produces more complex behaviours by altering

Koren Ward

2002-01-01

366

Mobile Testbed for Experiments in Machine Perception and Learning.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One of the major goals of our research in image understanding is to test and evaluate algorithms under real world situations. To accomplish this goal, we are developing a mobile platform equipped with sensors and on-board computers. use an off the shelf e...

B. Bhanu

1996-01-01

367

Mobile user movement prediction using bayesian learning for neural networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays, path prediction is being extensively examined for use in the context of mobile and wireless computing towards more efficient network resource management schemes. Path prediction allows the network and services to further enhance the quality of service levels that the user enjoys. In this paper we present a path prediction algorithm that exploits human creatures habits. In this paper,

Sherif Akoush; Ahmed Sameh

2007-01-01

368

Personalized mobile English vocabulary learning system based on item response theory and learning memory cycle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since learning English is very popular in non-English speaking countries, developing modern assisted-learning tools that support effective English learning is a critical issue in the English-language education field. Learning English involves memorization and practice of a large number of vocabulary words and numerous grammatical structures. Vocabulary learning is a principal issue for English learning because vocabulary comprises the basic building

Chih-ming Chen; Ching-ju Chung

2008-01-01

369

English as a foreign language learners’ perception of mobile assisted language learning: a cross-national study  

Microsoft Academic Search

While mobile devices are gradually starting to play an important role in the everyday lives of students, learning English on mobile phones is no longer a novelty for English as a foreign language (EFL) learners. While there is a wealth of literature that discusses the application of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in EFL education, studies on mobile assisted language

Liwei Hsu

2012-01-01

370

Approaches to Learning in a Second Year Chemical Engineering Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates student approaches to learning in a second year chemical engineering course by means of a qualitative research project which utilized interview and journal data from a group of 11 students. Identifies three approaches to learning: (1) conceptual; (2) algorithmic; and (3) information-based. Presents student responses to a series of…

Case, Jennifer M.; Gunstone, Richard F.

2003-01-01

371

Approaches to Learning in a Second Year Chemical Engineering Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous findings from the study within which this research is located had uncovered students' approaches to learning in the context of a second year chemical engineering course. Using an analysis of students' reflections on their experience, the study has shown the existence of three approaches to learning in this context: an 'information-based'…

Case, Jennifer; Gunstone, Richard; Lewis, Alison

372

Enhancing the Teaching-Learning Process: A Knowledge Management Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to emphasize the need for knowledge management (KM) in the teaching-learning process in technical educational institutions (TEIs) in India, and to assert the impact of information technology (IT) based KM intervention in the teaching-learning process. Design/methodology/approach: The approach of the paper is…

Bhusry, Mamta; Ranjan, Jayanthi

2012-01-01

373

A Machine Learning Approach to Coreference Resolution of Noun Phrases  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a learning approach to coreference resolution of noun phrases in unrestricted text. The approach learns from a small, annotated corpus and the task includes resolving not just a certain type of noun phrase (e.g., pronouns) but rather general noun phrases. It also does not restrict the entity types of the noun phrases; that is, coreference

Wee Meng Soon; Hwee Tou Ng; Chung Yong Lim

2001-01-01

374

A Guided Discovery Approach for Learning Metabolic Pathways  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning the wealth of information in metabolic pathways is both challenging and overwhelming for students. A step-by-step guided discovery approach to the learning of the chemical steps in gluconeogenesis and the citric acid cycle is described. This approach starts from concepts the student already knows, develops these further in a logical…

Schultz, Emeric

2005-01-01

375

Forward-Oriented Design for Learning: Illustrating the Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper concerns sustainable approaches to design for learning, emphasising the need for designs to be able to thrive outside of the protective niches of project-based innovation. It builds on the "in medias res" framework and more specifically on a forward-oriented approach to design for learning: one that takes a pro-active design…

Dimitriadis, Yannis; Goodyear, Peter

2013-01-01

376

The Learning of Consumer Skills in Adolescents: An Eclectic Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the learning of consumer skills by adolescents, using two theoretical approaches--the social learning and the family communication pattern approaches. It was hypothesized that (1) assuming that parents are more experienced consumers than are adolescents, frequent discussion with parents on consumption matters are likely to…

Kuo, Cheng

377

Students' Approaches to Learning a New Mathematical Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we report on the findings of an exploratory study into the experience of undergraduate students as they learn new mathematical models. Qualitative and quantitative data based around the students' approaches to learning new mathematical models were collected. The data revealed that students actively adopt three approaches to…

Flegg, Jennifer A.; Mallet, Daniel G.; Lupton, Mandy

2013-01-01

378

An active learning approach for assessing robot grasp reliability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning techniques in robotic grasping applications have usually been concerned with the way a hand approaches to an object, or with improving the motor control of manipulation actions. We present an active learning approach devised to face the problem of visually-guided grasp selection. We want to choose the best hand configuration for grasping a particular object using only visual information.

Antonio Morales; Ens Chinellato; Andrew H. Fagg; Angel P. del Pobil

2004-01-01

379

APPROACHES TO A REDEFINITION OF LANGUAGE LEARNING.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

MANY ATTEMPTS HAVE BEEN MADE TO DEFINE "AUDIO-LINGUAL METHOD" FROM THE POINTS OF VIEW OF TWO COMPETING THEORIES OF LEARNING, THE BEHAVIORISTIC AND THE COGNITIVE. NONE HAS SUCCEEDED IN DEFINING SOME OF THE SPECIFIC TENETS TO BE ESTABLISHED FOR LANGUAGE LEARNING AS REQUIRED BY AN IMPROVED THEORY OF LANGUAGE LEARNING. A FLEXIBLE AND PROGRESSIVE…

BAUER, ERIC W.

380

Scientific Inquiry, Digital Literacy, and Mobile Computing in Informal Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding the connections between scientific inquiry and digital literacy in informal learning environments is essential to furthering students' critical thinking and technology skills. The Habitat Tracker project combines a standards-based curriculum focused on the nature of science with an integrated system of online and mobile

Marty, Paul F.; Alemanne, Nicole D.; Mendenhall, Anne; Maurya, Manisha; Southerland, Sherry A.; Sampson, Victor; Douglas, Ian; Kazmer, Michelle M.; Clark, Amanda; Schellinger, Jennifer

2013-01-01

381

Exploring the Potential of Podcasting to Deliver Mobile Ubiquitous Learning in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Podcasting facilitates the timely delivery of digital audio content such as MP3 files to a user's desktop, as it becomes available. The authors believe it holds tremendous potential as a low-cost, low-barrier tool for mobile ubiquitous learning, given the large uptake of portable music players. This paper explores some of the possibilities for…

Lee, Mark J. W.; Chan, Anthony

2006-01-01

382

The Iterative Design of a Mobile Learning Application to Support Scientific Inquiry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ubiquity of mobile devices makes them well suited for field-based learning experiences that require students to gather data as part of the process of developing scientific inquiry practices. The usefulness of these devices, however, is strongly influenced by the nature of the applications students use to collect data in the field. To…

Marty, Paul F.; Mendenhall, Anne; Douglas, Ian; Southerland, Sherry A.; Sampson, Victor; Kazmer, Michelle M.; Alemanne, Nicole; Clark, Amanda; Schellinger, Jennifer

2013-01-01

383

How Flexible Grouping Affects the Collaborative Patterns in a Mobile-Assisted Chinese Character Learning Game?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the impacts of spontaneous student grouping to develop young students' orthographic awareness in the process of learning Chinese characters. A mobile-assisted Chinese character forming game is used to assign each student a Chinese character component on their smartphones through a wireless network. Fifteen Singaporean…

Wong, Lung-Hsiang; Hsu, Ching-Kun; Sun, Jizhen; Boticki, Ivica

2013-01-01

384

Using Self-Efficacy to Assess the Readiness of Nursing Educators and Students for Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to assess the self-efficacy of nursing faculty and students related to their potential use of mobile technology and to ask what implications this technology has for their teaching and learning in practice education contexts. We used a cross-sectional survey design involving students and faculty in two nursing…

Kenny, Richard F.; Van Neste-Kenny, Jocelyne M. C.; Burton, Pamela A.; Park, Caroline L.; Qayyum, Adnan

2012-01-01

385

Mobile App Design for Teaching and Learning: Educators' Experiences in an Online Graduate Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research explored how educators with limited programming experiences learned to design mobile apps through peer support and instructor guidance. Educators were positive about the sense of community in this online course. They also considered App Inventor a great web-based visual programming tool for developing useful and fully functioning…

Hsu, Yu-Chang; Ching, Yu-Hui

2013-01-01

386

Implementing Mobile Environments using Learning Objects: The Athabasca University Digital Reading Room  

Microsoft Academic Search

This investigation determined some of the better strategies for delivering educational resources to mobile devices from the digital reading room (DRR) and the Athabasca University (AU) library catalogue using AirPac, making recommendations on the implementation of Mlearning as part of the AU e-learning strategy. The primary research question addressed in this short paper is: what are the limitations and difficulties

Rory Mcgreal; Billy Cheung; Tony Tin; Steve Schafer

2005-01-01

387

Mobile Robot Map Learning from Range Data in Dynamic Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem of generating maps with mobile robots has received considerable attention over the past years. Most of the techniques\\u000a developed so far have been designed for situations in which the environment is static during the mapping process. Dynamic\\u000a objects, however, can lead to serious errors in the resulting maps such as spurious objects or misalignments due to localization\\u000a errors.

Wolfram Burgard; Cyrill Stachniss; Dirk Hähnel

388

Mobile Learning Experimentation: Astronomy and Renewable Energies Videos for Mobile Phone Delivery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teachers and researchers developed one hundred video seminars gathered in the MOKA web site dedicated to the scientific seminars of the project. 150 students are presently experimenting MOKA activities using a Wi-Fi access to the server through their mobile phones. Aligning the data matrix mechanism to a video seminar title on a wall map support is a flexible way to

C. Salis; F. Caboni; M. Floris

389

Personalized Mobile English Vocabulary Learning System Based on Item Response Theory and Learning Memory Cycle  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since learning English is very popular in non-English speaking countries, developing modern assisted-learning tools that support effective English learning is a critical issue in the English-language education field. Learning English involves memorization and practice of a large number of vocabulary words and numerous grammatical structures.…

Chen, C. M.; Chung, C. J.

2008-01-01

390

Learning in a Mobile Age: An Investigation of Student Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this single-case study was to explore the lived experiences of a grade 6 teacher and students who used tablets as part of their classroom instruction. Malone and Lepper's taxonomy of intrinsic motivations for learning is used as a framework for examining whether and how this particular theory of motivation applies equally well…

Ciampa, K.

2014-01-01

391

A Machine Learning Approach to Assessing Knowledge Sharing During Collaborative Learning Activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students bring to a collaborative learning situation a great deal of specialized knowledge and experiences that un- doubtedly shape the collaboration and learning processes. How effectively this unique knowledge is shared and assimilated by the group affects both the process and the product of the collaboration. In this paper, we describe a machine learning approach, Hidden Markov Modeling, to analyzing

Amy Soller; Janyce Wiebe; Alan Lesgold

392

Investigations of Students' Motivation Towards Learning Secondary School Physics through Mastery Learning Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching method is a major factor that affects students' motivation to learn physics. This study investigated the effects of using mastery learning approach (MLA) on secondary school students' motivation to learn physics. Solomon four non-equivalent control group design under the quasi-experimental research method was used in which a random sample…

Changeiywo, Johnson M.; Wambugu, P. W.; Wachanga, S. W.

2011-01-01

393

Performance Evaluation of Mobile-Agent Middleware: A Hierarchical Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we introduce a hierarchical framework for the quantitative performance evaluation of mobile-agent middleware\\u000a platforms. This framework is established upon an abstraction of the typical structure of mobile-agent systems and is implemented\\u000a through a set of benchmarks, metrics, and experimental parameters. We implement these benchmarks on three mobile agent platforms\\u000a (Aglets, Concordia and Voyager) and run numerous experiments

Marios D. Dikaiakos; Melinos Kyriakou; George Samaras

2001-01-01

394

Smart apps for applied machine learning on mobile devices: the MOMO project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The MOMO Project consists of the parts Mobile Computing and ECO Mobility. We present research results from a subproject of the Mobile Computing part. In particular we develop Smart-Apps for modern smartphones. These applications gather data from the owners to be filtered and processed central or distributed. The applications target persons or streams of visitors at events as e.g. concerts, amusement parks or any other official buildings. Smart Apps will work up this data, visualize it and most of all allow an intelligent prediction of the user's behavior together with recommendations. Therefore we discuss visualization strategies and the underlying machine learning concepts and applications on the mobile and on the server-side.

Edlich, Stefan; Vogler, Mathias

2013-03-01

395

Generational diversity: teaching and learning approaches.  

PubMed

Nursing students represent multiple generations--Baby Boomers, Generation X, and now the Millennials. Each generation has its own set of values, ideas, ethics, beliefs, and learning styles. The authors describe the context, characteristics, and learning styles of each generation and provide suggestions for enhanced teaching and learning across multiple generations. Using generational diversity as a teaching tool in the classroom is also discussed. PMID:16170263

Johnson, Susan A; Romanello, Mary L

2005-01-01

396

A Scalable Distributed Approach to Mobile Robot Vision  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper documents our progress during the first year of work on our original proposal entitled 'A Scalable Distributed Approach to Mobile Robot Vision'. We are pursuing a strategy for real-time visual identification and tracking of complex objects which does not rely on specialized image-processing hardware. In this system perceptual schemas represent objects as a graph of primitive features. Distributed software agents identify and track these features, using variable-geometry image subwindows of limited size. Active control of imaging parameters and selective processing makes simultaneous real-time tracking of many primitive features tractable. Perceptual schemas operate independently from the tracking of primitive features, so that real-time tracking of a set of image features is not hurt by latency in recognition of the object that those features make up. The architecture allows semantically significant features to be tracked with limited expenditure of computational resources, and allows the visual computation to be distributed across a network of processors. Early experiments are described which demonstrate the usefulness of this formulation, followed by a brief overview of our more recent progress (after the first year).

Kuipers, Benjamin; Browning, Robert L.; Gribble, William S.

1997-01-01

397

Making mLearning Work: Utilizing Mobile Technology for Active Exploration, Collaboration, Assessment, and Reflection in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The convergence of mobile technologies into student-centered learning environments requires academic institutions to design new and more effective learning, teaching, and user experience strategies. In this article we share results from an mLearning design experiment and analysis from a student survey conducted at the National College of Ireland.…

Fisher, Mercedes; Baird, Derek E.

2007-01-01

398

Analysis of Students' After-School Mobile-Assisted Artifact Creation Processes in a Seamless Language Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a learner's learning ecology, the informal, out-of-school settings offer virtually boundless opportunities to advance one's learning. This paper reports on "Move, Idioms!", a design for Mobile-Assisted Language Learning experience that accentuates learners' habit of mind and skills in making meaning with their…

Wong, Lung-Hsiang

2013-01-01

399

A Cultural Approach to Networked-Based Mobile Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses cultural conditions for networked-based mobile education. In our paper, we demonstrate how an Integrated Meta-Model that we have been developing in our MOMENTS project, i.e. Models and Methods for Future Knowledge Construction: Interdisciplinary Implementations with Mobile Technologies, can be used as a heuristic tool for…

Koskimaa, Raine; Lehtonen, Miika; Heinonen, Ulla; Ruokamo, Heli; Tissari, Varpu; Vahtivuori-Hanninen, Sanna; Tella, Seppo

2007-01-01

400

A Fuzzy ELECTRE Approach for Evaluating Mobile Payment Business Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considering the significant growth in mobile phone use by customers and its high accessibility, this device can be considered as the most suitable tool in payment category. To implement a mobile payment service, there are many actors involved such as: bank, operator and service provider. As an effective interaction role and in order to optimize efficient parameters for implementing a

Fatemeh Asghari; Ali Asghar Amidian; Jafar Muhammadi; HamidReza Rabiee

2010-01-01

401

An approach to efficient mobility management in intelligent networks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Providing personal communication systems supporting full mobility require intelligent networks for tracking mobile users and facilitating outgoing and incoming calls over different physical and network environments. In realizing the intelligent network functionalities, databases play a major role. Currently proposed network architectures envision using the SS7-based signaling network for linking these DB's and also for interconnecting DB's with switches. If the network has to support ubiquitous, seamless mobile services, then it has to support additionally mobile application parts, viz., mobile origination calls, mobile destination calls, mobile location updates and inter-switch handovers. These functions will generate significant amount of data and require them to be transferred between databases (HLR, VLR) and switches (MSC's) very efficiently. In the future, the users (fixed or mobile) may use and communicate with sophisticated CPE's (e.g. multimedia, multipoint and multisession calls) which may require complex signaling functions. This will generate volumness service handling data and require efficient transfer of these message between databases and switches. Consequently, the network providers would be able to add new services and capabilities to their networks incrementally, quickly and cost-effectively.

Murthy, K. M. S.

1995-01-01

402

Evaluating Wireless Technologies in Mobile Payments - A Customer Centric Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile payments involve the use of a mobile device and one or more wireless technologies. As the field is at an early stage of development, there is still a lot of uncertainty about which of available wireless technologies will lead to the most successful solutions. Cellular networks, near field communication, infrared and Bluetooth are analysed in terms of their suitability

Agnieszka Zmijewska

2005-01-01

403

Approaches to Studying, Conceptions of Learning and Learning Styles in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning styles have been construed in different ways but traditionally have been regarded as relatively stable. In contrast, the "student approaches to learning" perspective tends to assume that approaches to studying are contextually driven. This article argues for a rapprochement between these two traditions. First, the evidence that students'…

Richardson, John T. E.

2011-01-01

404

Understanding Observational Learning: An Interbehavioral Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Observational learning is an important area in the field of psychology and behavior science more generally. Given this, it is essential that behavior analysts articulate a sound theory of how behavior change occurs through observation. This paper begins with an overview of seminal research in the area of observational learning, followed by a…

Fryling, Mitch J.; Johnston, Cristin; Hayes, Linda J.

2011-01-01

405

Child Development: An Active Learning Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within each chapter of this innovative topical text, the authors engage students by demonstrating the wide range of real-world applications of psychological research connected to child development. In particular, the distinctive Active Learning features incorporated throughout the book foster a dynamic and personal learning process for students.…

Levine, Laura E.; Munsch, Joyce

2010-01-01

406

Design Approaches in Technology-Enhanced Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Design is critical to the successful development of any interactive learning environment (ILE). Moreover, in technology-enhanced learning (TEL) the design process requires input from many diverse areas of expertise. As such, anyone undertaking tool development is required to directly address the design challenge from multiple perspectives. We…

Mor, Yishay; Winters, Niall

2007-01-01

407

Holistic Approaches to E-Learning Accessibility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of accessibility to digital e-learning resources is widely acknowledged. The World Wide Web Consortium Web Accessibility Initiative has played a leading role in promoting the importance of accessibility and developing guidelines that can help when developing accessible web resources. The accessibility of e-learning resources…

Phipps, Lawrie; Kelly, Brian

2006-01-01

408

A Goal-Based Approach for Learning in Business Processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Organizations constantly strive to improve their business performance; hence they make business process redesign efforts. So far, redesign has mainly been a human task, which relies on human reasoning and creativity, although various analysis tools can support it by identifying improvement opportunities. This chapter proposes an automated approach for learning from accumulated experience and improving business processes over time. The approach ties together three aspects of business processes: goals, context, and actual paths. It proposes a learning cycle, including a learning phase, where the relevant context is identified and used for making improvements in the process model, and a runtime application phase, where the improved process model is applied at runtime and actual results are stored for the next learning cycle. According to our approach, a goal-oriented process model is essential for learning to improve process outcomes.

Soffer, Pnina; Ghattas, Johny; Peleg, Mor

409

Learning from project experiences using a legacy-based approach  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As project teams become used more widely, the question of how to capitalize on the knowledge learned in project teams remains an open issue. Using previous research on shared cognition in groups, an approach to promoting post-project learning was developed. This Legacy Review concept was tested on four in tact project teams. The results from those test sessions were used to develop a model of team learning via group cognitive processes. The model and supporting propositions are presented.

Cooper, Lynne P.; Majchrzak, Ann; Faraj, Samer

2005-01-01

410

Using Mobile & Personal Sensing Technologies to Support Health Behavior Change in Everyday Life: Lessons Learned  

PubMed Central

Lifestyle modification is a key facet of the prevention and management of chronic diseases. Mobile devices that people already carry provide a promising platform for facilitating these lifestyle changes. This paper describes key lessons learned from the development and evaluation of two mobile systems for encouraging physical activity. We argue that by supporting persistent cognitive activation of health goals, encouraging an extensive range of relevant healthy behaviors, focusing on long-term patterns of activity, and facilitating social support as an optional but not primary motivator, systems can be developed that effectively motivate behavior change and provide support when and where people make decisions that affect their health.

Klasnja, Predrag; Consolvo, Sunny; McDonald, David W.; Landay, James A.; Pratt, Wanda

2009-01-01

411

New Approaches to Human Mobility: Using Mobile Phones for Demographic Research  

PubMed Central

This article explores new methods for gathering and analyzing spatially rich demographic data using mobile phones. It describes a pilot study (the Human Mobility Project) in which volunteers around the world were successfully recruited to share GPS and cellular tower information on their trajectories and respond to dynamic, location-based surveys using an open-source Android application. The pilot study illustrates the great potential of mobile phone methodology for moving spatial measures beyond residential census units and investigating a range of important social phenomena, including the heterogeneity of activity spaces, the dynamic nature of spatial segregation, and the contextual dependence of subjective well-being.

Palmer, John R.B.; Espenshade, Thomas J.; Bartumeus, Frederic; Chung, Chang Y.; Ozgencil, Necati Ercan; Li, Kathleen

2012-01-01

412

Approaches to Using a Wireless Mobile Terminal to Help Severely Hearing Impaired People  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this paper, new technology-adaptive approaches to using a wireless mobile terminal are presented in order to help severely\\u000a hearing impaired people, which are remote human translation, remote server translation, and mobile terminal translation. The\\u000a three step-by-step approaches are to adapt the evolution and feasibility of advanced computer and communication technologies.\\u000a The first approach can be easily implemented but requires

Sangman Moh

2004-01-01

413

Approaches to Learning Information Literacy: A Phenomenographic Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on an empirical study that explores the ways students approach learning to find and use information. Based on interviews with 15 education students in an Australian university, this study uses phenomenography as its methodological and theoretical basis. The study reveals that students use three main strategies for learning

Diehm, Rae-Anne; Lupton, Mandy

2012-01-01

414

Blending Online Learning with Traditional Approaches: Changing Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considerable claims have been made for the development of e-learning, either as stand-alone programmes or alongside more traditional approaches to teaching and learning, for students across school and tertiary education. National initiatives have improved the position of schools in terms of access to hardware and electronic networking, software…

Condie, Rae; Livingston, Kay

2007-01-01

415

Exploring the Behavioural Patterns of Entrepreneurial Learning: A Competency Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to empirically explore the behavioural patterns involved in entrepreneurial learning through a conceptualization of entrepreneurial learning as a "competency". Design/methodology/approach: Semi-structured interviews to 12 entrepreneurs were conducted with a focus on the critical incidents in which significant…

Man, Thomas Wing Yan

2006-01-01

416

Situated Poetry Learning Using Multimedia Resource Sharing Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators have emphasized the importance of situating students in an authentic learning environment. By using such approach, teachers can encourage students to learn Chinese poems by browsing content resources and relevant online multimedia resources by using handheld devices. Nevertheless, students in heterogeneous network environments may have…

Yang, Che-Ching; Tseng, Shian-Shyong; Liao, Anthony Y. H.; Liang, Tyne

2013-01-01

417

SLAVE: a genetic learning system based on an iterative approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

SLAVE is an inductive learning algorithm that uses concepts based on fuzzy logic theory. This theory has been shown to be a useful representational tool for improving the understanding of the knowledge obtained from a human point of view. Furthermore, SLAVE uses an iterative approach for learning based on the use of a genetic algorithm (GA) as a search algorithm.

A. Gonzblez; R. Perez

1999-01-01

418

Students' Studying and Approaches to Learning in Introductory Biology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study was conducted in an introductory biology course to determine 1) how students used the large lecture environment to create their own learning tasks during studying and 2) whether meaningful learning resulted from the students' efforts. Academic task research from the K-12 education literature and student approaches to…

Tomanek, Debra; Montplaisir, Lisa

2004-01-01

419

Analyzing collaborative learning: Multiple approaches to understanding processes and outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is important to consider collaborative processes from multiple perspectives because collaborative learning environments are complex, often requiring multiple methodological approaches to understand their different aspects (Hmelo-Silver, 2003). Collaborative learning is the subject of study in a wide variety of disciplines such as developmental psychology (e.g., socio- cognitive conflict), social psychology (person perception, motivation, group processes), sociology (status, power and

Cindy E. Hmelo-Silver

2006-01-01

420

Contextualized Teaching & Learning: A Promising Approach for Basic Skills Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contextualized teaching and learning (CTL), or the concept of relating subject matter content to meaningful situations that are relevant to students' lives, offers one promising approach to helping students learn more effectively. This brief offers instructors, college leaders, policy makers and funders a high-level summary of the CTL…

Baker, Elaine DeLott; Hope, Laura; Karandjeff, Kelley

2009-01-01

421

Learning Objects Update: Review and Critical Approach to Content Aggregation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The structure and composite nature of a learning object is still open to interpretation. Although several theoretical studies advocate integrated approaches to the structure and aggregation level of learning objects, in practice, many content specifications, such as SCORM, IMS Content Packaging, and course authoring tools, do not explicitly state…

Balatsoukas, Panos; Morris, Anne; O'Brien, Ann

2008-01-01

422

University Students' Achievement Goals and Approaches to Learning in Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Achievement goals (AG) and students' approaches to learning (SAL) are two research perspectives on student motivation and learning in higher education that have until now been pursued quite independently. Aims: This study sets out: (a) to explore the relationship between the most representative variables of SAL and AG; (b) to identify…

Cano, Francisco; Berben, A. B. G.

2009-01-01

423

Group Experiential Learning with Undergraduate Nursing Students: An Interdisciplinary Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research examined an interdisciplinary, collaborative experiential group learning approach, in which undergraduate nursing students met in small groups led by counseling doctoral student co-leaders. Statistical analysis suggests that the teaching method lead to learning of group concepts. Discussion addresses anecdotal observations,…

Pistole, M. Carole; Kinyon, Jane; Keith, Cynthia Bozich

2008-01-01

424

A Hybrid Approach to University Subject Learning Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to get a better understanding of subject design and delivery using a hybrid approach, we have studied a hybrid learning postgraduate programme offered by the University of the Andes, Bogota, Colombia. The study analyses students' perceptions of subject design and delivery, with particular reference to learning activities and the roles of…

Osorio Gomez, Luz Adriana; Duart, Josep M.

2012-01-01

425

Digital Games and Learning in Cyberspace: A Dialogical Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Currently there is considerable enthusiasm for exploring how we can apply digital gaming paradigms to learning. But these approaches are often weak in linking the game-playing activity to transferable social or conceptual processes and skills that constitute, or are related to, learning. In contrast, this article describes a "dialogue game"…

Ravenscroft, Andrew; McAlister, Simon

2006-01-01

426

Teaching and Learning as Communication: A Cultural Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With an ethnographic approach, this paper focused on the process of students' learning. It examines students' feelings about learning environments and expectations of college education, as well as professors' experiences with college teaching and their views of teachers' role in contemporary society. Unstructured, intensive interviews were…

Chen, Zhuojun (Joyce)

427

A Motivational Approach to Student Learning: The Landlord Technique.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A motivational approach to student learning that has been implemented in several courses at Wright University in Ohio consists of six efforts: (1) to instill in students the knowledge of motivation, both from within and without; (2) to make students members of cohesive work groups; (3) to apply theory learned; (4) to demonstrate achievement of…

Lanford, Horace

428

Gender Differences in Approaches to Learning: Across Cultures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Used Learning Process Questionnaire to examine urban South African students' endorsement of various learning approaches. Found that strategies used by students in Western educational contexts were similar to those used by African counterparts. Urban South African responses, compared with counterparts from Nigeria, Australia, and Hong Kong,…

Akande, Adebowale

1999-01-01

429

Approaches to Learning: Supporting Brain Development for School Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prenatally and in infants and toddlers, the brain is being constructed as a foundation for all later learning. Positive early experiences contribute to the formation of a brain that is capable, early in infancy, of utilizing and strengthening the basic processes of learning. Throughout a lifetime, a person will repeatedly use these approaches to…

Petersen, Sandra

2012-01-01

430

Learning outcomes of two approaches to multicultural music education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of multicultural music instruction on classroom learning outcomes. Fifth-grade children (10-11 years of age; N = 170) from four schools were randomly assigned to one of two instructional treatments: music concept and sociocultural context. The former approach used formal elements of music as a framework for learning; the latter contextualized

Carlos R. Abril

2006-01-01

431

Approaches to Learning of TAFE and University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An Australian study of 80 technical-and-further-education (TAFE) and 89 university students and 381 other undergraduates (114 previously in TAFE) found that predicted differences in their approaches to learning were not confirmed. There was no evidence that the different missions of universities and TAFE institutes influenced different learning

Fuller, Richard; Chalmers, Denise

1999-01-01

432

Promoting Hybrid Learning through a Sharable eLearning Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational technology is developing rapidly, making education more accessible, affordable, adaptable, and equitable. Students now have the option to choose a campus that can provide an excellent blended learning curriculum with minimal geographical restraints. We explored ways to maximize the power of educational technologies to improve teaching…

Bai, Xin; Smith, Michael B.

2010-01-01

433

Service-Learning Pedagogy: Benefits of a Learning Community Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Service-learning is, by nature, continually evolving. Seifer (1996) stressed the importance of partnerships between communities and schools, and stated that reflection should facilitate the connection between practice and theory, and lead to critical thinking. Before these reflective activities occur, however, much can be done to maximize…

Flinders, Brooke A.

2013-01-01

434

A cognitive approach to vision for a mobile robot  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe a cognitive vision system for a mobile robot. This system works in a manner similar to the human vision system, using saccadic, vergence and pursuit movements to extract information from visual input. At each fixation, the system builds a 3D model of a small region, combining information about distance, shape, texture and motion. These 3D models are embedded within an overall 3D model of the robot's environment. This approach turns the computer vision problem into a search problem, with the goal of constructing a physically realistic model of the entire environment. At each step, the vision system selects a point in the visual input to focus on. The distance, shape, texture and motion information are computed in a small region and used to build a mesh in a 3D virtual world. Background knowledge is used to extend this structure as appropriate, e.g. if a patch of wall is seen, it is hypothesized to be part of a large wall and the entire wall is created in the virtual world, or if part of an object is recognized, the whole object's mesh is retrieved from the library of objects and placed into the virtual world. The difference between the input from the real camera and from the virtual camera is compared using local Gaussians, creating an error mask that indicates the main differences between them. This is then used to select the next points to focus on. This approach permits us to use very expensive algorithms on small localities, thus generating very accurate models. It also is task-oriented, permitting the robot to use its knowledge about its task and goals to decide which parts of the environment need to be examined. The software components of this architecture include PhysX for the 3D virtual world, OpenCV and the Point Cloud Library for visual processing, and the Soar cognitive architecture, which controls the perceptual processing and robot planning. The hardware is a custom-built pan-tilt stereo color camera. We describe experiments using both static and moving objects.

Benjamin, D. Paul; Funk, Christopher; Lyons, Damian

2013-05-01

435

Mobilizing Small-Scale Savings: Approaches, Costs, and Benefits.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Interest rates, transaction costs, and deposit mobilization; Interest rates, transaction costs, and financial intermediaries (Branch office expansion, Interest rate ceilings, branching and other forms of competition for deposits); Lending activi...

R. C. Vogel P. Burkett

1986-01-01

436

Computer-Aided Learning for Adults: A New Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Similarities in content, methods, sequence, and social context between adult education and cognitive apprenticeship make the latter an appropriate approach for a computer-assisted learning program for adults. (SK)

De Bruijn, H. F. M.

1993-01-01

437

A cultural approach to networked-based mobile education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses cultural conditions for networked-based mobile education. In our paper, we demonstrate how an Integrated Meta-Model that we have been developing in our MOMENTS project, i.e. Models and Methods for Future Knowledge Construction: Interdisciplinary Implementations with Mobile Technologies, can be used as a heuristic tool for research and pedagogical practice with technology, drawing attention to such cultural and

Raine Koskimaa; Miika Lehtonen; Ulla Heinonen; Heli Ruokamo; Varpu Tissari; Sanna Vahtivuori-Hänninen; Seppo Tella

2007-01-01

438

Understanding Key Attributes in Mobile Service: Kano Model Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated how customers perceive currently available 3G mobile services. More specifically, by using the Kano\\u000a model, it tried to categorize them into five quality attributes: Attractive, One-Dimensional, Must-Be, Indifferent, and Reverse.\\u000a The results showed that picture messaging, instant messaging, navigational aid, and mobile internet are considered as “one-dimensional\\u000a quality attributes”. That is, the higher the level of fulfillment

Seung Ik Baek; Seung Kuk Paik; Weon Sang Yoo

2009-01-01

439

An implementable approach to obtain reproducible reduced ion mobility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ion mobility spectrometry is increasingly in demand for medical applications and its potential for implementation in food\\u000a quality and safety or process control suggest rising use of instruments in this field as well. All those samples are commonly\\u000a extremely complex and mostly humid mixtures. Therefore, pre-separation techniques have to be applied. As ion mobility spectrometers\\u000a with gas-chromatographic pre-separation acquire a

Wolfgang Vautz; Bertram Bödeker; Jörg Ingo Baumbach; Sabine Bader; Michael Westhoff; Thorsten Perl

2009-01-01

440

A Mobile Context-Aware Framework for Managing Learning Schedules--Data Analysis from a Diary Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We report the results of a diary study to determine whether a diary approach could be used as a successful way of retrieving a) the user's learning contexts, b) which learning contexts are significant for consideration within an m-learning application, and c) which learning materials are appropriate for which learning situation. Analyses of data…

Yau, Jane Y.-K.; Joy, Mike; Dickert, Stephan

2010-01-01

441

Enhancing mobile phones for people with visual impairments through haptic icons: the effect of learning processes.  

PubMed

We report the results of a study on the learnability ofhaptic icons used in a system for incoming-call identification in mobile phones. The aim was to explore the feasibility of using haptic icons to create new assistive technologies for people with visual impairments. We compared the performance and satisfaction of users with different visual capacities (visually impaired vs. sighted) and using different learning processes (unimodal vs. multimodal). A better recognition rate and user experience were observed for the visually impaired than for sighted users and for multimodal rather than unimodal learning processes. PMID:23923690

Galdón, Pedro Maria; Madrid, R Ignacio; De La Rubia-Cuestas, Ernesto J; Diaz-Estrella, Antonio; Gonzalez, Lourdes

2013-01-01

442

Revising a Design Course from a Lecture Approach to a Project-Based Learning Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to develop the evaluative skills necessary for successful performance of design, a senior, Geotechnical Engineering course was revised to immerse students in the complexity of the design process utilising a project-based learning (PBL) approach to instruction. The student-centred approach stresses self-directed group learning, which…

Kunberger, Tanya

2013-01-01

443

Interrelations among University Students' Approaches to Learning, Regulation of Learning, and Cognitive and Attributional Strategies: A Person Oriented Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationships among approaches to learning, regulation of learning, cognitive and attributional strategies, stress, exhaustion, and study success. University students (N = 437) from three faculties filled in a questionnaire concerning their self-reported study behaviour, cognitive strategies, and well-being. Their…

Heikkila, Annamari; Niemivirta, Markku; Nieminen, Juha; Lonka, Kirsti

2011-01-01

444

Learning Performance Assessment Approach Using Web-Based Learning Portfolios for E-learning Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning performance assessment using learning portfolios or Web log data is essential in the Web-based learning field, owing to the rapid growth of e-learning systems globally and lack of assisted authoring tools for Web-based learning performance assessment. The traditional summative evaluation by performing examinations or feedback forms can be employed to evaluate the learning performance for both traditional classroom learning

Chih-Ming Chen; Yi-Yun Chen; Chao-Yu Liu

2007-01-01

445

Application of Self-Organizing Neural Networks for Mobile Robot Environment Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a \\u000a The application of the Kohonen self-organizing topology preserving neural network for learning and developing a minimal representation\\u000a for the open environment for mobile robot navigation is presented in this paper. The input to the algorithm is the coordinates\\u000a of randomly selected points in the open environment. No specific knowledge of the size, number, and shape of the obstacles\\u000a is needed

Shahriar Najand; Zhen-Ping Lo; Behnam Bavarian

446

Learning - by - Hiring: When Is Mobility More Likely to Facilitate Interfirm Knowledge Transfer?  

Microsoft Academic Search

To investigate the conditions under which learning-by-hiring (or the acquisition of knowledge through the hiring of experts from other firms) is more likely, we study the patenting activities of engineers who moved from United States (U.S.) firms to non-U.S. firms. Statistical findings from negative binomial regressions show that mobility is more likely to result in interfirm knowledge transfer when (1)

Jaeyong Song; Paul Almeida; Geraldine Wu

2003-01-01

447

The RoboCup-NAIST: A Cheap Multisensor-Based Mobile Robot with Visual Learning Capability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our contribution is composed of two parts: one is development of a cheap multisensor-based mobile robot, the other is development\\u000a of robust visual tracking system with visual learning capability. To promote robotic soccer research, we need a low cost and\\u000a portable robot with some sensors and a communication device. This paper describes how to construct a robot system which includes

Takayuki Nakamura; Kazunori Terada; Hideaki Takeda; Atsushi Shibata

1998-01-01

448

SUPPORTING THE LEARNING PROCESS IN THE CLASSROOM USING 3D COLLABORATION ON MOBILE DEVICES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current every-day-use of mobile computing devices seems to be restricted to applications such as address books, calendars, task lists, simple web navigation and games. In this particular project we explore the use of a collaborative virtual environment, running on Tablet-PCs and PDAs, in the classroom, as means to support the learning process. We have started deploying the application in

Helmuth Trefftz; Omar Gómez; Pedro Vicente Esteban Duarte; John Trujillo; Edwin Montoya

2006-01-01

449

Quantitative approach to physical and chemical gold mobility in equatorial rainforest lateritic environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobility of gold throughout the global weathering system of Dondo Mobi, South Gabon, has been quantatively addressed by calculating the gold mass transfer during lateritic weathering of auriferous lisvenite, Archean gneiss and Proterozoic schist, and by proposing a thermodynamic approach to gold solubility under equatorial rainforest acidic conditions. Both chemical and short-distance translocation processes govern the mobility of gold and

F. Colin; P. Vieillard; J. P. Ambrosi

1993-01-01

450

A finite-time approach to formation control of multiple mobile robots with terminal sliding mode  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, a new finite-time synchronised approach is developed for multiple mobile robots formation control based on terminal sliding mode control principle and system synchronisation theory. Associated stability analysis is presented to lay a foundation for analytical understanding in generic theoretical aspects and safe operation for real systems. An illustrative example of multiple mobile robots formation control is bench

Dongya Zhao; Tao Zou

2011-01-01

451

A Cognitive Approach to Student-Centered e-Learning  

SciTech Connect

Like traditional classroom instruction, distance/electronic learning (e-Learning) derives from largely behaviorist computer-based instruction paradigms that tend to reflect passive training philosophies. Over the past thirty years, more flexible, student-centered classroom teaching methods have been advocated based on the concepts of ''discovery'' learning and ''active'' learning; student-centered approaches are likewise encouraged in the development of e-Learning applications. Nevertheless, many e-Learning applications that employ state-of-the art multimedia technology in which students interact with simulations, animations, video, and sounds still fail to meet their expected training potential. Implementation of multimedia-based training features may give the impression of engaging the student in more active forms of learning, but sophisticated use of multimedia features does not necessarily produce the desired effect. This paper briefly reviews some general guidelines for applying cognitive science principles to development of student-centered e-Learning applications and describes a cognitive approach to e-Learning development that is being undertaken for the US Army.

Greitzer, Frank L.

2002-09-30

452

A Glimpse at Business Models and Evaluation Approaches for E-Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The globalization and the mobility\\/flexibility of employees make e(lectronic)-learning processes more and more important. Learning products are needed which allow learning anytime and anywhere, often also with small mobile devices. The readiness to pay for education already increases in Germany and Europe. Economical aspects are the heart of an e-learning business model which should be sustainable. It should be suitable

Michael H. Breitner; Gabriela Hoppe

453

An active learning approach to Bloom's Taxonomy.  

PubMed

As educators strive toward improving student learning outcomes, many find it difficult to instill their students with a deep understanding of the material the instructors share. One challenge lies in how to provide the material with a meaningful and engaging method that maximizes student understanding and synthesis. By following a simple strategy involving Active Learning across the 3 primary domains of Bloom's Taxonomy (cognitive, affective, and psychomotor), instructors can dramatically improve the quality of the lesson and help students retain and understand the information. By applying our strategy, instructors can engage their students at a deeper level and may even find themselves enjoying the process more. PMID:24488868

Weigel, Fred K; Bonica, Mark

2014-01-01

454

An Intelligent E-Learning Software for Learning to Write Correct Chinese Characters on Mobile Devices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Learning Chinese is unquestionably very important and popular worldwide with the fast economic growth of China. To most foreigners and also local students, one of the major challenges in learning Chinese is to write Chinese characters in correct stroke sequences that are considered as significant in the Chinese culture. However, due to…

Tam, Vincent

2012-01-01

455

An effective access control approach to support mobility in IPv6 networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Access control is an important method to improve network security and prevent protected resources from being used by some nodes without authority. Moreover, mobility is an important trend of internet. In this paper, based on the architecture of hierarchical mobile IPv6, we proposed an effective access control approach to support mobility in IPv6 networks, which can ensure the operation of access control when a mobile node roams in these domains with different polices, with decreased delay of access negotiation and cost of delivering messages.

Peng, Xue-hai; Lin, Chuang

2005-12-01

456

Arogyasree: An Enhanced Grid-Based Approach to Mobile Telemedicine  

PubMed Central

A typical telemedicine system involves a small set of hospitals providing remote healthcare services to a small section of the society using dedicated nodal centers. However, in developing nations like India where majority live in rural areas that lack specialist care, we envision the need for much larger Internet-based telemedicine systems that would enable a large pool of doctors and hospitals to collectively provide healthcare services to entire populations. We propose a scalable, Internet-based P2P architecture for telemedicine integrating multiple hospitals, mobile medical specialists, and rural mobile units. This system, based on the store and forward model, features a distributed context-aware scheduler for providing timely and location-aware telemedicine services. Other features like zone-based overlay structure and persistent object space abstraction make the system efficient and easy to use. Lastly, the system uses the existing internet infrastructure and supports mobility at doctor and patient ends.

Kailasam, Sriram; Kumar, Santosh; Dharanipragada, Janakiram

2010-01-01

457

Arogyasree: an enhanced grid-based approach to mobile telemedicine.  

PubMed

A typical telemedicine system involves a small set of hospitals providing remote healthcare services to a small section of the society using dedicated nodal centers. However, in developing nations like India where majority live in rural areas that lack specialist care, we envision the need for much larger Internet-based telemedicine systems that would enable a large pool of doctors and hospitals to collectively provide healthcare services to entire populations. We propose a scalable, Internet-based P2P architecture for telemedicine integrating multiple hospitals, mobile medical specialists, and rural mobile units. This system, based on the store and forward model, features a distributed context-aware scheduler for providing timely and location-aware telemedicine services. Other features like zone-based overlay structure and persistent object space abstraction make the system efficient and easy to use. Lastly, the system uses the existing internet infrastructure and supports mobility at doctor and patient ends. PMID:20467560

Kailasam, Sriram; Kumar, Santosh; Dharanipragada, Janakiram

2010-01-01

458

Co-Fields: an Adaptive Approach for Motion Coordination in Mobile Computing Scenarios  

Microsoft Academic Search

Enabling and ruling coordination activities in mobile computing scenarios challenge traditional approaches to distributed application development and engineering. This paper focuses on the problems of coordinating the movements of a group of \\

Marco Mamei; Franco Zambonelli; Letizia Leonardi

459

The Cognitive Vocabulary Approach to Word Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

English teachers face myriad demands every day that include not only helping students read literature in interesting and engaging ways but also attending to the needs of students challenged by the demands of more complex and sophisticated texts. Vocabulary learning is at the heart of this struggle for many students, especially for English language…

Harmon, Janis M.; Buckelew-Martin, Elizabeth; Wood, Karen D.

2010-01-01

460

Enterprise Approaches to Information and Learning Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Like it or not, an institution's IT infrastructure is a matter with which institutional strategic planners must concern themselves. Information systems represent a significant investment, they perform mission-critical functions, and the appropriate use of information and learning technologies can have a critical part to play in delivering against…

Ferrell, Gill

2007-01-01

461

Quantifying Learning Outcomes: A Gentle Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In fall 1993, Coffeyville Community College (CCC) in Kansas announced the implementation of a new program known as Quantifying Learning Outcomes (QLO), one component of the college's Student Outcomes Assessment Plan. QLO calls for a clear articulation of CCC's goals regarding instructional support materials within the next 6 to 12 months; the…

Lind, Donald J.

462

Dramatic Education, An Interdisciplinary Approach to Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This thesis argues that dramatic education is a subject matter whose content is four interrelated disciplines: theater, language arts, humanistic education, and social-psychology. It is also a process of learning crucial artistic, linguistic, humanistic, and scientific issues through the basic dramatic method of dramatization. The history of…

Landy, Robert Jay

463

A psychological approach to learning causal networks.  

PubMed

We examine the role of a common cognitive heuristic in unsupervised learning of Bayesian probability networks from data. Human beings perceive a larger association between causal than diagnostic relationships. This psychological principal can be used to orient the arcs within Bayesian networks by prohibiting the direction that is less predictive. The heuristic increased predictive accuracy by an average of 0.51 % percent, a small amount. It also increased total agreement between different network learning algorithms (Max Spanning Tree, Taboo, EQ, SopLeq, and Taboo Order) by 25 %. Prior to use of the heuristic, the multiple raters Kappa between the algorithms was 0.60 (95 % confidence interval, CI, from 0.53 to 0.67) indicating moderate agreement among the networks learned through different algorithms. After the use of the heuristic, the multiple raters Kappa was 0.85 (95 % CI from 0.78 to 0.92). There was a statistically significant increase in agreement between the five algorithms (alpha learned through use of different algorithms, without loss of predictive accuracy. Additional research is needed to see if findings persist in other data sets and to explain why a heuristic used by humans could improve construct validity of mathematical algorithms. PMID:24048957

Zargoush, Manaf; Alemi, Farrokh; Esposito Vinzi, Vinzenzo; Vang, Jee; Kheirbek, Raya

2014-06-01

464

Curricular and Extra-Curricular Programs Supporting Improved International Learning Mobility Experiences: An Emerging Trend in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International learning mobility is a strategic and operational priority for both the federal government and the majority of universities in Australia. Dating back over a decade, successive governments have stressed the public good to be derived from having an increased proportion of students participating in mobility programs. It is seen as…

Molony, John

2011-01-01

465

Larvae, Ladies and Learning: The Project Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Project Approach and how it was used in a Grade 1 exploration of Painted Lady butterflies in Ontario, Canada. Outlines the students' experience with the project and examines the compatibility of the Project Approach with the Ontario Science and Technology Curriculum document. Maintains that the Project Approach supports and…

Whitham, Laurel; Killoran, Isabel

2003-01-01

466

The Peer Approach to Adult Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the peer approach to teaching writing with adult students. Discusses theoretical ideas about adults-in-transition, particularly women, that make the peer approach important to their education. Describes specific instances in which the peer approach has been used successfully with adults. Discusses student response to the process. (JS)

Schneider, Helen M.

1989-01-01

467

A quality of service approach based on neural networks for mobile ad hoc networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose an intelligent quality of service (QoS) model named GQOS, with service differentiation based on neural networks in mobile ad hoc networks. The model is composed of two plans: the GQOS kernel plan and the intelligent learning plan. New mechanisms have been developed and integrated in the kernel plan in order to ensure the detection and

L. Khoukhi; S. Cherkaoui

2005-01-01

468

Family, Learning Environments, Learning Approaches, and Student Outcomes in a Malaysian Private University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the quantitative findings from a mixed methods study of students and faculty at a private medical university in Malaysia. In particular, the relationships among students' individual characteristics, general self-efficacy, family context, university and classroom learning environments, curriculum, approaches to learning, and…

Kek, Megan A. Yih Chyn; Darmawan, I. Gusti Ngurah; Chen, Yu Sui

2007-01-01

469

Evaluating Student Perceptions of Learning Processes and Intended Learning Outcomes under Inquiry Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inquiry-based learning (IBL) is promoted as a teaching approach that can enhance student learning outcomes. IBL can be categorised according to scale (e.g. tasks, course/module/paper, degree), mode (structured, guided, open) and framing (information or discovery-oriented). Our research used a survey instrument to determine how student perceptions…

Spronken-Smith, Rachel; Walker, Rebecca; Batchelor, Julie; O'Steen, Billy; Angelo, Tom

2012-01-01

470

A Game-Based Learning Approach to Improving Students' Learning Achievements in a Nutrition Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to explore the influence of applying a game-based learning approach to nutrition education. The quasi-experimental nonequivalent-control group design was adopted in a four-week learning activity. The participants included sixty-six third graders in two classes of an elementary school. One of the classes was assigned to be…

Yien, Jui-Mei; Hung, Chun-Ming; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Lin, Yueh-Chiao

2011-01-01

471

A new mobile robot control approach via fusion of control signals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes an alternative approach to address the problem of coordinating behaviors in mobile robot navigation: fusion of control signals. Such approach is based on a set of two decentralized information filters, which accomplish the data fusion involved. Besides these two fusion engines, control architectures designed according to this approach also embed a set of different controllers that generate

Eduardo Freire; Teodiano Bastos-Filho; Mário Sarcinelli-Filho; Ricardo Carelli

2004-01-01

472

A Mobile Computing Approach to Automatic Traffic Evacuation Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we first introduce our smart traffic evacuation management system (STEMS), an ITS system in development to quickly and efficiently generate dynamic evacuation plans facilitating the rapid evacuation of a city street network in response to a human-induced disaster. We then broaden STEMS to a 2-tier architecture designed to interact with mobile devices. When incidents occur, STEMS automatically

Alexander Aved; Ai Hua Ho; Kien A. Hua; Lap T. Hoang; Georgiana L. Hamza-Lup

2006-01-01

473

Validating Hyperlinks by the Mobile-Agent Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we first lay emphasis on the importance of hyperlink validation. Due to the variety of the structures and the sizes of today's websites, validating hyperlinks has become quite a difficult task. Therefore, the mobile agent technology is introduced as a solution for the critical problem of limited bandwidth we face nowadays. In this research, we survey on

Wen-Kui Chang; Min-Hsiang Chuang

474

Students using mobile phones in the classroom: Can the phones increase content learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A study was conducted at a high-performing school in Southern California to explore the effects on learning content from students using their own smart phones in and out of the classroom. The study used a Switching Replications design format which allowed two independent analyses of posttest scores between a group using e-flash cards on smart phones and a group using paper flash cards. Quantitative data was collected via two tailed, t-tests and qualitative data was collected through observations and interviews. Results suggest that knowledge level learning may be increased with mobile phone use, but no effect on comprehension level learning was found. Students found the phones to be convenient in accessing flash cards anytime and anywhere. Enthusiasm for using the phones in class while initially high waned over the 1 month study duration. Students perceived the phones to not be a significant source of distraction outside of class.

Rinehart, David Lee

475

Inducing Deterministic Prolog Parsers from Treebanks: A Machine Learning Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a method for constructing deterministicProlog parsers from corpora of parsedsentences. Our approach uses recent machinelearning methods for inducing Prolog rules fromexamples (inductive logic programming). We discussseveral advantages of this method comparedto recent statistical methods and present resultson learning complete parsers from portions of theATIS corpus.IntroductionRecent approaches to constructing robust parsersfrom corpora primarily use statistical ...

John M. Zelle; Raymond J. Mooney

1994-01-01

476

Student Approaches to Learning in Relation to Online Course Completion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the relationship between approaches to studying and course completion in two online preparatory university courses in mathematics and computer programming. The students participating in the two courses are alike in age, gender, and approaches to learning. Four hundred and ninety-three students participating in these courses…

Balter, Olle; Cleveland-Innes, Martha; Pettersson, Kerstin; Scheja, Max; Svedin, Maria

2013-01-01

477

An approach to online Bayesian learning from multiple data streams  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a collective approach to mine Bayesian networks from distributed heterogenous web-log data streams. In this approach we rst learn a local Bayesian network at each site using the local data. Then each site identies the observations that are most likely to be evi- dence of coupling between local and non-local variables and transmits a subset of these observations

R. Chen; K. Sivakumar; H. Kargupta

2001-01-01

478

Theory Based Approaches to Learning. Implications for Adult Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a codification of theory-based approaches that are applicable to adult learning situations. It also lists some general guidelines that can be used when selecting a particular approach or theory as a basis for planning instruction. Adult education's emphasis on practicality and the relationship between theory and practice is…

Bolton, Elizabeth B.; Jones, Edward V.

479

3 Colleges' Different Approaches Shape Learning in Econ 101  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

No matter the college, a class in the principles of microeconomics is likely to cover the discipline's greatest hits. The author attends three economics courses at three colleges, and finds three very different approaches. In this article, the author discusses three colleges' different approaches that shape learning in Econ 101.

Berrett, Dan

2012-01-01

480

University student approaches to learning science through writing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the approaches adopted by students to a university writing programme designed to help them learn first?year undergraduate science. The research design includes phenomenographic analyses of 19 interviews and 50 open?ended questionnaires, as well as quantitative analyses of the qualitative data. The main results of the study are the close association between the quality of the students’ approaches

Robert A. Ellis

2004-01-01

481

University student approaches to learning science through writing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the approaches adopted by students to a university writing programme designed to help them learn first-year undergraduate science. The research design includes phenomenographic analyses of 19 interviews and 50 open-ended questionnaires, as well as quantitative analyses of the qualitative data. The main results of the study are the close association between the quality of the students' approaches

Robert A. Ellis

2004-01-01

482

Learning classifier systems for single and multiple mobile robots in unstructured environments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The learning classifier system (LCS) is a learning production system that generates behavioral rules via an underlying discovery mechanism. The LCS architecture operates similarly to a blackboard architecture; i.e., by posted-message communications. But in the LCS, the message board is wiped clean at every time interval, thereby requiring no persistent shared resource. In this paper, we adapt the LCS to the problem of mobile robot navigation in completely unstructured environments. We consider the model of the robot itself, including its sensor and actuator structures, to be part of this environment, in addition to the world-model that includes a goal and obstacles at unknown locations. This requires a robot to learn its own I/O characteristics in addition to solving its navigation problem, but results in a learning controller that is equally applicable, unaltered, in robots with a wide variety of kinematic structures and sensing capabilities. We show the effectiveness of this LCS-based controller through both simulation and experimental trials with a small robot. We then propose a new architecture, the Distributed Learning Classifier System (DLCS), which generalizes the message-passing behavior of the LCS from internal messages within a single agent to broadcast massages among multiple agents. This communications mode requires little bandwidth and is easily implemented with inexpensive, off-the-shelf hardware. The DLCS is shown to have potential application as a learning controller for multiple intelligent agents.

Bay, John S.

1995-12-01

483

Mobile Usability in Educational Contexts: What have we learnt?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The successful development of mobile learning is dependent on human factors in the use of new mobile and wireless technologies. The majority of mobile learning activity continues to take place on devices that were not designed with educational applications in mind, and usability issues are often reported. The paper reflects on progress in approaches to usability and on recent developments,

Agnes Kukulska-Hulme

484

A Concept-Map Integrated Dynamic Assessment System for Improving Ecology Observation Competences in Mobile Learning Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Observation competence plays a fundamental role in outdoor scientific investigation. The computerized concept mapping technique as a Mindtool has shown the potential for enhancing meaningful learning in science education. The purposes of the present study are to develop a concept map integrated mobile learning design for ecology observation and to…

Hung, Pi-Hsia; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Su, I-Hsiang; Lin, I-Hua

2012-01-01

485

Mobile transporter path planning using a genetic algorithm approach  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The use of an optimization technique known as a genetic algorithm for solving the mobile transporter path planning problem is investigated. The mobile transporter is a traveling robotic vehicle proposed for the Space Station which must be able to reach any point of the structure autonomously. Specific elements of the genetic algorithm are explored in both a theoretical and experimental sense. Recent developments in genetic algorithm theory are shown to be particularly effective in a path planning problem domain, though problem areas can be cited which require more research. However, trajectory planning problems are common in space systems and the genetic algorithm provides an attractive alternative to the classical techniques used to solve these problems.

Baffes, Paul; Wang, Lui

1988-01-01

486

A multi-stage collaborative filtering approach for mobile recommendation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Location-based and personalized services are the key factors for promoting user satisfaction. However, most service providers did not consider the needs of mobile user in terms of their location and event-participation. Consequently, the service provider may lose the chance for better service and profit. In this paper, we present a Multi-stage Collaborative Filtering (MSCF) process to provide event recommendation based

Li-hua Li; Fu-ming Lee; Yu-chun Chen; Chieh-yu Cheng

2009-01-01

487

An intelligent mobile vehicle navigator based on fuzzy logic and reinforcement learning.  

PubMed

In this paper, an alternative training approach to the EEM-based training method is presented and a fuzzy reactive navigation architecture is described. The new training method is 270 times faster in learning speed; and is only 4% of the learning cost of the EEM method. It also has very reliable convergence of learning; very high number of learned rules (98.8%); and high adaptability. Using the rule base learned from the new method, the proposed fuzzy reactive navigator fuses the obstacle avoidance behaviour and goal seeking behaviour to determine its control actions, where adaptability is achieved with the aid of an environment evaluator. A comparison of this navigator using the rule bases obtained from the new training method and the EEM method, shows that the new navigator guarantees a solution and its solution is more acceptable. PMID:18252306

Yung, N C; Ye, C

1999-01-01

488

Students' Studying and Approaches to Learning in Introductory Biology  

PubMed Central

This exploratory study was conducted in an introductory biology course to determine 1) how students used the large lecture environment to create their own learning tasks during studying and 2) whether meaningful learning resulted from the students' efforts. Academic task research from the K–12 education literature and student approaches to learning research from the postsecondary education literature provided the theoretical framework for the mixed methods study. The subject topic was cell division. Findings showed that students 1) valued lectures to develop what they believed to be their own understanding of the topic; 2) deliberately created and engaged in learning tasks for themselves only in preparation for the unit exam; 3) used course resources, cognitive operations, and study strategies that were compatible with surface and strategic, rather than deep, approaches to learning; 4) successfully demonstrated competence in answering familiar test questions aligned with their surface and strategic approaches to studying and learning; and 5) demonstrated limited meaningful understanding of the significance of cell division processes. Implications for introductory biology education are discussed.

2004-01-01

489

An ensemble rank learning approach for gene prioritization.  

PubMed

Several different computational approaches have been developed to solve the gene prioritization problem. We intend to use the ensemble boosting learning techniques to combine variant computational approaches for gene prioritization in order to improve the overall performance. In particular we add a heuristic weighting function to the Rankboost algorithm according to: 1) the absolute ranks generated by the adopted methods for a certain gene, and 2) the ranking relationship between all gene-pairs from each prioritization result. We select 13 known prostate cancer genes in OMIM database as training set and protein coding gene data in HGNC database as test set. We adopt the leave-one-out strategy for the ensemble rank boosting learning. The experimental results show that our ensemble learning approach outperforms the four gene-prioritization methods in ToppGene suite in the ranking results of the 13 known genes in terms of mean average precision, ROC and AUC measures. PMID:24110485

Lee, Po-Feng; Soo, Von-Wun

2013-01-01

490

Benefiting from Customer and Competitor Knowledge: A Market-Based Approach to Organizational Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to review the organizational learning, market orientation and learning orientation concepts, highlight the importance of market knowledge to organizational learning and recommend ways in adopting a market-based approach to organizational learning. Design/methodology/approach: The extant organizational learning

Hoe, Siu Loon

2008-01-01

491

Relations between teachers' approaches to teaching and students' approaches to learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on an empirical study which shows that qualitatively different approaches to teaching are associated with qualitatively different approaches to learning. More specifically, the results indicate that in the classes where teachers describe their approach to teaching as having a focus on what they do and on transmitting knowledge, students are more likely to report that they adopt

KEITH TRIGWELL; MICHAEL PROSSER; FIONA WATERHOUSE

1999-01-01

492

Interrelations between Self-Efficacy and Learning Approaches: A Developmental Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two major theoretical frameworks in educational psychology, namely student approaches to learning (SAL) and self-efficacy have been used extensively to explain and predict students' learning and academic achievement. There is a substantial body of research studies, for example, that documents the positive interrelations between individuals'…

Phan, Huy Phuong

2011-01-01

493

Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children are doing less physical activity and sitting more than they did 20 years ago; exploring physical abilities used to be the norm. But societal changes have modified people's living conditions--children take part in "adult-initiated" activities; they sit statically, influenced by technology gaming/information; and over-cautious parents often…

Erickson, Paul W.

2011-01-01

494

EBCR - A Routing Approach for Radio Standard Spanning Mobile Ad Hoc Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a new Energy-Balanced, Cooperative Routing approach (EBCR) for radio standard spanning mobile Ad Hoc networks (MANETs) will be introduced and evaluated. Past research approaches are limited to the usage in homogeneous topologies on basis of a unique radio standard. The proposed reactive EBCR provides an efficient routing of data in heterogeneous multi-standard network topologies. In addition to

Matthias Vodel; Mirko Caspar; Wolfram Hardt

495

The Essential Visibility Graph: An Approach to Global Motion Planning for Autonomous Mobile Robots  

Microsoft Academic Search

An approach to global motion planning for autonomous mobile robots has been developed on the basis of traversability vectors (t-vectors). Through the overall course of this research it was found that t-vectors provide a utility, efficiency and mathematical stability for collision detection and visibility that cannot be matched by commonly used algebraic approaches in static and dynamic environments. This paper

Jason A. Janét; Ren C. Luo; Michael G. Kay

1995-01-01

496

Learning with PROLOG--A New Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the features and advantages of the computer language PROLOG, and explains the approach taken in teaching it as a first computer language. Includes an example of the use of PROLOG in programming a science lesson on elements for junior high students. (ML)

Scherz, Zahava; And Others

1986-01-01

497

The Capability Approach: Enabling Musical Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Amartya Sen's capability approach offers a new perspective for educators throughout the curriculum. This new insight has the potential to promote a music education that is inherently tailored to the individual. In essence it asks the question: What is music education going to offer to this student? This article represents an initial enquiry into…

Cameron, Kate

2012-01-01

498

Enabling Smart Personalized Healthcare: A Hybrid Mobile-Cloud Approach for ECG Telemonitoring.  

PubMed

The severe challenges of the skyrocketing healthcare expenditure and the fast aging population highlight the needs for innovative solutions supporting more accurate, affordable, flexible, and personalized medical diagnosis and treatment. Recent advances of mobile technologies have made mobile devices a promising tool to manage patients' own health status through services like telemedicine. However, the inherent limitations of mobile devices make them less effective in computation- or data-intensive tasks such as medical monitoring. In this study, we propose a new hybrid mobile-cloud computational solution to enable more effective personalized medical monitoring. To demonstrate the efficacy and efficiency of the proposed approach, we present a case study of mobile-cloud based electrocardiograph monitoring and analysis and develop a mobile-cloud prototype. The experimental results show that the proposed approach can significantly enhance the conventional mobile-based medical monitoring in terms of diagnostic accuracy, execution efficiency, and energy efficiency, and holds the potential in addressing future large-scale data analysis in personalized healthcare. PMID:24144678

Wang, Xiaoliang; Gui, Qiong; Liu, Bingwei; Jin, Zhanpeng; Chen, Yu

2014-05-01

499

Learning nursing through simulation: A case study approach towards an expansive model of learning.  

PubMed

This study explores the impact of simulation upon learning for undergraduate nursing students. The study objectives were (a) to explore the experiences of participating in simulation education for a small group of student nurses; and (b) to explore learning through simulation from the perspectives of the nursing students, the nurse educators and the nurse mentors. Conducted as a small-scale narrative case study, it tells the unique stories of a small number of undergraduate nursing students, nurse mentors and nurse educators and explores their experiences of learning through simulation. Data analysis through progressive focusing revealed that the nurse educators viewed simulation as a means of helping students to learn to be nurses, whilst, the nurse mentors suggested that simulation helped them to determine nursing potential. The students' narratives showed that they approached simulation learning in different ways resulting in a range of outcomes: those who were successfully becoming nurses, those who were struggling or working hard to become nurses and those who were not becoming nurses. Theories of professional practice learning and activity theory present an opportunity to articulate and theorise the learning inherent in simulation activities. They recognise the links between learning and the environment of work and highlight the possibilities for learning to inspire change and innovation. PMID:24713128

Berragan, Liz

2014-08-01

500

Distributed Redundancy or Cluster Solution? An Experimental Evaluation of Two Approaches for Dependable Mobile Internet Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Third generation mobile networks are offering the user access to Internet services. The Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)\\u000a is being deployed for establishing, modifying, and terminating those multimedia sessions. Mobile operators put high requirements\\u000a on their infrastructure, in particular – and in focus of this paper – on availability and reliability of call control. One\\u000a approach to minimize the impact of

Thibault Renier; Hans-peter Schwefel; Marjan Bozinovski; Kim Lynggaard Larsen; Ramjee Prasad; Robert Seidl

2004-01-01