Sample records for mobile learning approach

  1. (Re)Conceptualizing Design Approaches for Mobile Language Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoven, Debra; Palalas, Agnieszka

    2011-01-01

    An exploratory study conducted at George Brown College in Toronto, Canada between 2007 and 2009 investigated language learning with mobile devices as an approach to augmenting ESP learning by taking learning outside the classroom into the real-world context. In common with findings at other community colleges, this study identified inadequate…

  2. A Personalized Recommendation-Based Mobile Learning Approach to Improving the Reading Performance of EFL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsu, Ching-Kun; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Chang, Chih-Kai

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, a personalized recommendation-based mobile language learning approach is proposed. A mobile learning system has been developed based on the approach by providing a reading material recommendation mechanism for guiding EFL (English as Foreign Language) students to read articles that match their preferences and knowledge levels, and a…

  3. Learning and Teaching with Mobile Devices an Approach in Secondary Education in Ghana

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grimus, Margarete; Ebner, Martin

    2014-01-01

    While many developing nations find Internet-based e-learning unsuitable for their needs (lack of technology as well as of accessibility), mobile learning methods--specifically those involving the use of mobile-phones for both formal and informal learning--hold great promise for them (Grimus et al, 2013b). This article examines the chances and…

  4. Mobile Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hockly, Nicky

    2013-01-01

    In this series, we explore current technology-related themes and topics. The series aims to discuss and demystify what may be new areas for some readers and to consider their relevance to English language teachers. In future articles, we will be covering topics such as learning technologies in low-resource environments, personal learning networks,…

  5. Mobile Informal Learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christian Glahn; Dirk Börner

    2010-01-01

    Mobile technologies play an important role in contemporary communication. Starting from mobile telephony, mobile devices are increasingly becoming ubiquitous devices for personal information management and communication through different channels. These new devices shape our perception of information, communication, participation, and learning. Moreover, new and smart mobile technology challenges the current views on education and learning more radically then the worldwide

  6. Mobile learning in medicine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Serkan Güllüoü?lu, Sabri

    2013-03-01

    This paper outlines the main infrastructure for implicating mobile learning in medicine and present a sample mobile learning application for medical learning within the framework of mobile learning systems. Mobile technology is developing nowadays. In this case it will be useful to develop different learning environments using these innovations in internet based distance education. M-learning makes the most of being on location, providing immediate access, being connected, and acknowledges learning that occurs beyond formal learning settings, in places such as the workplace, home, and outdoors. Central to m-learning is the principle that it is the learner who is mobile rather than the device used to deliver m learning. The integration of mobile technologies into training has made learning more accessible and portable. Mobile technologies make it possible for a learner to have access to a computer and subsequently learning material and activities; at any time and in any place. Mobile devices can include: mobile phone, personal digital assistants (PDAs), personal digital media players (eg iPods, MP3 players), portable digital media players, portable digital multimedia players. Mobile learning (m-learning) is particularly important in medical education, and the major users of mobile devices are in the field of medicine. The contexts and environment in which learning occurs necessitates m-learning. Medical students are placed in hospital/clinical settings very early in training and require access to course information and to record and reflect on their experiences while on the move. As a result of this paper, this paper strives to compare and contrast mobile learning with normal learning in medicine from various perspectives and give insights and advises into the essential characteristics of both for sustaining medical education.

  7. Interactive mobile learning: a pilot study of a new approach for sport science and medical undergraduate students.

    PubMed

    Bruce-Low, S S; Burnet, S; Arber, K; Price, D; Webster, L; Stopforth, M

    2013-12-01

    Mobile learning has increasingly become interwoven into the fabric of learning and teaching in the United Kingdom higher education sector, and as technological issues become addressed, this phenomena has accelerated. The aim of the study was to examine whether learning using a mobile learning device (Samsung NC10 Netbook) loaded with interactive exercises promoted learning compared with a traditional library exercise. Using a randomized trial, 55 students from an undergraduate sports science course (n = 28) and medical course (n = 27) volunteered to participate in this study. A mixed-model design ANOVA was used to examine the percent change in test score after a 3-wk intervention. Results showed that there was a significant difference between the two courses (P < 0.001), methods (P = 0.01), and trials (P < 0.001). The findings suggested that both methods augmented student knowledge and understanding in sports science and medical students. The sports science group demonstrated proportionally greater increases in test performance when exposed to the mobile interactive intervention compared with the traditional library approach. Qualitative data suggest an increased level of engagement with the Netbooks due to the stimulating interactive content. In conclusion, the Netbooks were an effective additional learning tool, significantly enhancing knowledge and understanding in students. Further research should ensure that participants are assessed for preferred learning styles, the subjective task value of expectancy value, and readiness for mobile learning to ascertain if this has an effect on the potential for using mobile learning and interactivity. PMID:24292904

  8. Mobile Learning Anytime, Anywhere

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hlodan, Oksana

    2010-01-01

    Some educational institutions are taking the leap to mobile learning (m-learning) by giving out free iPods. For example, Abilene Christian University gave iPods or iPhones to freshman students and developed 15 Web applications specifically for the mobile devices. The iPod is not the only ubiquitous m-learning device. Any technology that connects…

  9. An Interactive Concept Map Approach to Supporting Mobile Learning Activities for Natural Science Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Wu, Po-Han; Ke, Hui-Ru

    2011-01-01

    Mobile and wireless communication technologies not only enable anytime and anywhere learning, but also provide the opportunity to develop learning environments that combine real-world and digital-world resources. Nevertheless, researchers have indicated that, without effective tools for helping students organize their observations in the field,…

  10. Determination of Critical Success Factors Affecting Mobile Learning: A Meta-Analysis Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alrasheedi, Muasaad; Capretz, Luiz Fernando

    2015-01-01

    With rapid technological advancements, mobile learning (m-Learning) offers incredible opportunities, especially in the area of higher education. However, while interest in this area has been significant and several pilot studies have been conducted within universities, relatively less is known about how higher educational institutions can make…

  11. The Eduventure - A New Approach of Digital Game Based Learning Combining Virtual and Mobile Augmented Reality Game Episodes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Ferdinand; Stefan Müller; Tobias Ritschel; Ulrich Wechselberger

    The availability of mixed reality technologies on mobile computer de- vices and the high motivational capability of computer games motivated the in- vention of the Eduventure. The approach combines the idea of digital game based learning with the usage of new mixed reality technologies in a pedagogically re- flected way. Thus it has got a unique dual mode structure, which

  12. Distance Learning for Mobile Internet Users

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Necat, Beran

    2007-01-01

    This paper provides an overview on the current state of art in the field of Distance learning for mobile users. It mentions a large range of technologies, services and approaches that may be used to bring distance learning to mobile internet users. These technologies are supposed to considerably increase innovative e-learning solutions for the…

  13. Literature Review in Mobile Technologies and Learning

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Literature Review in Mobile Technologies and Learning REPORT 11: FUTURELAB SERIES Laura Naismith by digital and other technologies, we are developing innovative learning resources and practices that support INTRODUCTION 6 SECTION 2 AN ACTIVITY-BASED APPROACH TO CONSIDERING LEARNING WITH MOBILE TECHNOLOGIES 9 SECTION

  14. MoLeNET Mobile Learning Conference 2009: Research Papers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guy Parker, Ed.

    2010-01-01

    The Mobile Learning Network (MoLeNET) is a unique collaborative approach to encouraging, supporting, expanding and promoting mobile learning, primarily in English post-14 education and training, via supported shared cost mobile learning projects. Collaboration at national level involves participating institutions and the Learning and Skills…

  15. Beyond Where to How: A Machine Learning Approach for Sensing Mobility Contexts Using Smartphone Sensors †

    PubMed Central

    Guinness, Robert E.

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents the results of research on the use of smartphone sensors (namely, GPS and accelerometers), geospatial information (points of interest, such as bus stops and train stations) and machine learning (ML) to sense mobility contexts. Our goal is to develop techniques to continuously and automatically detect a smartphone user's mobility activities, including walking, running, driving and using a bus or train, in real-time or near-real-time (<5 s). We investigated a wide range of supervised learning techniques for classification, including decision trees (DT), support vector machines (SVM), naive Bayes classifiers (NB), Bayesian networks (BN), logistic regression (LR), artificial neural networks (ANN) and several instance-based classifiers (KStar, LWLand IBk). Applying ten-fold cross-validation, the best performers in terms of correct classification rate (i.e., recall) were DT (96.5%), BN (90.9%), LWL (95.5%) and KStar (95.6%). In particular, the DT-algorithm RandomForest exhibited the best overall performance. After a feature selection process for a subset of algorithms, the performance was improved slightly. Furthermore, after tuning the parameters of RandomForest, performance improved to above 97.5%. Lastly, we measured the computational complexity of the classifiers, in terms of central processing unit (CPU) time needed for classification, to provide a rough comparison between the algorithms in terms of battery usage requirements. As a result, the classifiers can be ranked from lowest to highest complexity (i.e., computational cost) as follows: SVM, ANN, LR, BN, DT, NB, IBk, LWL and KStar. The instance-based classifiers take considerably more computational time than the non-instance-based classifiers, whereas the slowest non-instance-based classifier (NB) required about five-times the amount of CPU time as the fastest classifier (SVM). The above results suggest that DT algorithms are excellent candidates for detecting mobility contexts in smartphones, both in terms of performance and computational complexity. PMID:25928060

  16. Activity Theory Approach to Developing Context-Aware Mobile Learning Systems for Understanding Scientific Phenomenon and Theories

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Uden, Lorna; Hwang, Gwo-Jen

    2013-01-01

    Mobile computing offers potential opportunities for students' learning especially when it combines a sensing device such as RFID (Radio Frequency Identification). Researchers have indicated that a key feature of in-field learning supported by mobile devices and technology is context awareness, with which context and functionality provided by…

  17. Interactive mobile live video learning system in cloud environment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Mohana Saranya; M. Vijayalakshmi

    2011-01-01

    Mobile devices nowadays are widespread and provide great multimedia capabilities, which make the delivery of mobile learning a more realistic approach since it can provide just in time learning on the move. Where Mobile learning systems usually require many hardware and software resources. There are numerous educational institutions that cannot afford such investments, and cloud computing is the best solution

  18. Learning Spaces in Mobile Learning Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Solvberg, Astrid M.; Rismark, Marit

    2012-01-01

    Mobile learning (m-learning) environments open a wide range of new and exciting learning opportunities, and envision students who are continually on the move, learn across space and time, and move from topic to topic and in and out of interaction with technology. In this article we present findings from a study of how students manoeuvre and study…

  19. Collaborative learning in mobile work

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Johan Lundin; Maria Magnusson

    2003-01-01

    Moving towards more communication intensive organisations, where work tends to be mobile, understanding how to support learning in such work becomes increasingly important. This paper reports on a study of a customer relations team, where work is performed co-located, distributed as well as mobile. Collaborative learning within in this team is explored so as to inform the design of IT

  20. Savannah: Mobile Gaming and Learning?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Facer, K.; Joiner, R.; Stanton, D.; Reid, J.; Hull, R.; Kirk, D.

    2004-01-01

    This paper reports a study that attempts to explore how using mobile technologies in direct physical interaction with space and with other players can be combined with principles of engagement and self-motivation to create a powerful and engaging learning experience. We developed a mobile gaming experience designed to encourage the development of…

  1. Exploring Mobile Learning Success Factors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cochrane, Thomas D.

    2010-01-01

    This paper is a comparative account and analysis of three mobile Web 2.0 projects instigated within a tertiary learning environment during 2008. Following the successful instigation of a mobile Web 2.0 project in the third year of a Bachelor of Product Design course during semester one, similar projects were initiated in semester two within the…

  2. Mobile Game for Learning Bacteriology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sugimura, Ryo; Kawazu, Sotaro; Tamari, Hiroki; Watanabe, Kodai; Nishimura, Yohei; Oguma, Toshiki; Watanabe, Katsushiro; Kaneko, Kosuke; Okada, Yoshihiro; Yoshida, Motofumi; Takano, Shigeru; Inoue, Hitoshi

    2014-01-01

    This paper treats serious games. Recently, one of the game genres called serious game has become popular, which has other purposes besides enjoyments like education, training and so on. Especially, learning games of the serious games seem very attractive for the age of video games so that the authors developed a mobile game for learning

  3. Evaluation of Handheld Devices for Mobile Learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anastasios A. Economides; Nick Nikolaou

    Many educational organizations start using handheld devices for learning. The aim of this paper is to identify the current status of handheld devices and their appropriateness for mobile learning. First, it presents handheld devices requirements for mobile learning. Then it presents a framework for evaluating handheld devices in relation to mobile learning. It evaluates current handheld devices using the evaluation

  4. Refactoring of Learning Objects for Mobile Learning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Damaševi?ius, Robertas

    We analyze the problem of refactoring of learning object (LO) for m-Learning. We apply methods adopted from software engineering domain for redesigning the structure and user interface of a LO and aim both at increasing usability and accessibility of the learning material. We evaluate usability of a LO from the user interface point of view, following the user interface development principles that are common both for human-computer interaction (HCI) and e-Learning domains. We propose the LO refactoring framework based on user interface usability principles. In a case study, we demonstrate the refactoring of an array-sorting LO for a mobile device.

  5. Does Using Mobile Device Applications Lead to Learning?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vogel, Doug; Kennedy, David; Kwok, Ron Chi-Wai

    2009-01-01

    Assessing the impact on learning of the use of mobile devices and associated applications is a complex challenge. This article reports on progress to date in a longitudinal study using a design research approach with three cohorts of 800 students each. Results are encouraging in terms of learning enhancement through select mobile application by a…

  6. Supporting Mobile and Nomadic Learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Niels Olof; Bouvin Bent; Guldbjerg Christensen Frank; Allan Hansen; Kasper Ligaard Nielsen

    This paper presents three eorts to support chil- dren engaged in mobile and nomadic learning both in and out of the classroom. The HyCon- Explorer is a mobile, context-aware hypermedia system developed to help pupils access and pro- duce digital content during project work in the field. The eBag is the equivalent of an electronic school bag and provides pupils

  7. The MObile-Based Interactive Learning Environment (MOBILE) and A Case Study for Assisting Elementary School English Learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tan-hsu Tan; Tsung-yu Liu

    2004-01-01

    This research develops a mobile-based interactive learning environment (MOBILE) for aiding elementary school English learning. The MOBILE consists of a mobile learning server and mobile learning tools, which is able to support in- or outdoor learning activities. Several theme-based mobile learning activities including body parts learning and creation of species are conducted. Experimental results obtained from posttests and questionnaire indicate

  8. Using Mobile Learning to Increase Environmental Awareness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Uzunboylu, Huseyin; Cavus, Nadire; Ercag, Erinc

    2009-01-01

    Mobile learning or m-learning, a relatively new concept, has attracted the interest of educators, researchers, and companies developing learning systems and instructional materials. This study investigated the use of integrating use of mobile technologies, data services, and multimedia messaging systems to increase students' use of mobile

  9. Mobile Learning for All

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bestwick, Angel; Campbell, John R.

    2010-01-01

    Parents and educational professionals are asking the question, "Are schools preparing students for their future lives?" Mobile technologies such as smart phones, iPods, GPS systems, iPads, and a constant stream of information drive much of people's world and work. The use of such technologies increases with each passing day. But how often do…

  10. Scaffolding in Connectivist Mobile Learning Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozan, Ozlem

    2013-01-01

    Social networks and mobile technologies are transforming learning ecology. In this changing learning environment, we find a variety of new learner needs. The aim of this study is to investigate how to provide scaffolding to the learners in connectivist mobile learning environment: (1) to learn in a networked environment; (2) to manage their…

  11. Mobile Internet Usability: What Can 'Mobile Learning' Learn from the Past?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maria Uther

    2002-01-01

    Mobile Learning' is a type of application\\/service that generally presumes to use mobile Internet technology for learning purposes. This paper focuses on discussing basic usability principles from Mobile Internet technologies in general. It is argued that part of the success of 'Mobile Learning' will depend on the extent to which current k nowledge about best practice in usability are heeded.

  12. Collaborative Learning: Group Interaction in an Intelligent Mobile-Assisted Multiple Language Learning System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Troussas, Christos; Virvou, Maria; Alepis, Efthimios

    2014-01-01

    This paper proposes a student-oriented approach tailored to effective collaboration between students using mobile phones for language learning within the life cycle of an intelligent tutoring system. For this reason, in this research, a prototype mobile application has been developed for multiple language learning that incorporates intelligence in…

  13. Designing Learning Activities with Mobile Technologies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hokyoung Ryu; David Parsons

    ABSTRACT This introductory chapter focuses not so much on mobile learning technologies per se , but rather on a theoretical foundation and its prag matic application to designing learning activities with mobile technologies. It sets out th ree learning spaces that are explicitly

  14. Determining Students' Readiness for Mobile Learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ANNA TRIFONOVA; EVGENIYA GEORGIEVA

    2006-01-01

    Mobile Learning is rather new, but rapidly growing research domain. This paper presents part of a study that we have performed to investigate the university students' readiness to utilize mobile learning. About 600 Italian and 200 Bulgarian students participated in an online questionnaire in June 2005. They were asked about the availability of devices, about their willingness to use m-learning,

  15. Disruptive Devices: Mobile Technology for Conversational Learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mike Sharples

    2003-01-01

    Learners can command an increasing range of mobile technologies that have the potential to support learning anytime anywhere, but also to disrupt the carefully managed environment of the classroom. This paper outlines a theory of learning as conversation that can provide a framework for the design of mobile networked technology for learning. It describes a prototype device based on a

  16. Design and Implementation of Mobile English Learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shuyun Han; Weiliang Kong; Qingtang Liu; Lian Zhou

    2010-01-01

    With the rapid development of computer and the mobile communication technology, mobile learning arises at the historic moment, which makes people gain learning environment and resources anytime and anywhere. As English has the characters of weak systematic and trivial knowledge, we make a research of the development of resources to provide learners Flake Learning. Firstly, we make a research of

  17. A Mobile Learning Organiser for University Students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dan Corlett; Mike Sharples; Tony Chan; Susan Bull

    2004-01-01

    This paper describes the trial of a mobile learning organiser, developed for use by university students. Based on a wirelessly-enabled Pocket PC, the organiser makes use of existing mobile applications as well as tools designed specifically for the context of learning. The trial set out to identify what are the key tools for such a learning device. The primary uses

  18. Mobile Learning: Can Students Really Multitask?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coens, Joke; Reynvoet, Bert; Clarebout, Geraldine

    2011-01-01

    The advent of mobile learning offers opportunities for students to do two things at once in an educational context: learning while performing another activity. The main aim of the reported studies is to address the effect of multitasking on learning with a mobile device. Two experiments were set up to examine the effect of performing a secondary…

  19. Mobile Phone Images and Video in Science Teaching and Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ekanayake, Sakunthala Yatigammana; Wishart, Jocelyn

    2014-01-01

    This article reports a study into how mobile phones could be used to enhance teaching and learning in secondary school science. It describes four lessons devised by groups of Sri Lankan teachers all of which centred on the use of the mobile phone cameras rather than their communication functions. A qualitative methodological approach was used to…

  20. Incremental supervised learning for mobile robot reactive control

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patrick Reignier; Volker Hansen; James L. Crowley

    1997-01-01

    Reactive control for a mobile robot can be defined as a mapping from a perceptual space to a command space. This mapping can be hard-coded by the user (potential fields, fuzzy logic), and can also be learnt. This paper is concerned with supervised learning for perception to action mapping for a mobile robot. Among the existing neural approaches for supervised

  1. A Machine Learning Based Framework for Adaptive Mobile Learning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Al-Hmouz, Ahmed; Shen, Jun; Yan, Jun

    Advances in wireless technology and handheld devices have created significant interest in mobile learning (m-learning) in recent years. Students nowadays are able to learn anywhere and at any time. Mobile learning environments must also cater for different user preferences and various devices with limited capability, where not all of the information is relevant and critical to each learning environment. To address this issue, this paper presents a framework that depicts the process of adapting learning content to satisfy individual learner characteristics by taking into consideration his/her learning style. We use a machine learning based algorithm for acquiring, representing, storing, reasoning and updating each learner acquired profile.

  2. Effectiveness of Mobile Learning in Distance Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yousuf, Muhammad Imran

    2007-01-01

    The main aim of this research is to better understand and measure students' attitudes and perceptions towards the importance of mobile learning in distance education. Results of this survey clearly indicate that facilitating mobile learning can improve the entire distance education by enhancing ways of communication among distance learners, tutors…

  3. An Exposition of Current Mobile Learning Design Guidelines and Frameworks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teall, Ed; Wang, Minjuan; Callaghan, Vic; Ng, Jason W. P.

    2014-01-01

    As mobile devices with wireless access become more readily available, learning delivered via mobile devices of all types must be designed to ensure successful learning. This paper first examines three questions related to the design of mobile learning: 1) what mobile learning (m-learning) guidelines can be identified in the current literature, 2)…

  4. Using Mediated Learning Experiences in Orientation and Mobility.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roman, Christine A.; Zimmerman, George J.

    1994-01-01

    This article discusses the metacognitive approach of mediated learning theory and its application to orientation and mobility (O&M) instruction for individuals with visual impairments. The theory is explained, and the structure of a typical O&M lesson is outlined, followed by an example of using the approach in a trip to the drug store. (DB)

  5. Personalized Intelligent Mobile Learning System for Supporting Effective English Learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chih-ming Chen; Shih-hsun Hsu

    2008-01-01

    Since English has been an international language, how to enhance English levels of people by useful computer assisted learning forms or tools is a critical issue in non-English speaking countries because it definitely affects the overall competition ability of a country. With the rapid growth of wireless and mobile technologies, the mobile learning has been gradually considered as a novel

  6. Spring 2012 Mobile Learning Scholars Assessment Report

    E-print Network

    Barrash, Warren

    Spring 2012 Mobile Learning Scholars Assessment Report Susan Shadle, Allan Heaps, Eric Orton, Doug and on student learning. During the Spring 2012 semester, two cohorts of faculty were supported. Each faculty of the Spring 2011 MLS program, which indicated that one semester was only enough to begin to climb the learning

  7. Evaluation Framework for Dependable Mobile Learning Scenarios

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bensassi, Manel; Laroussi, Mona

    2014-01-01

    The goal of the dependability analysis is to predict inconsistencies and to reveal ambiguities and incompleteness in the designed learning scenario. Evaluation, in traditional learning design, is generally planned after the execution of the scenario. In mobile learning, this stage becomes too difficult and expensive to apply due to the complexity…

  8. HTML5 for Mobile Applications for Learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christian Glahn

    2011-01-01

    Glahn, C. (2011). HTML5 for Mobile Applications for Learning. Presentation held at the Blueteam-Workshop, Bluetea\\/Stepco-group. February, 21, 2011, Heerlen, The Netherlands: Open University of the Netherlands, CELSTEC.

  9. Acceptability of an Asynchronous Learning Forum on Mobile Devices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chang, Chih-Kai

    2010-01-01

    Mobile learning has recently become noteworthy because mobile devices have become popular. To construct an asynchronous learning forum on mobile devices is important because an asynchronous learning forum is always an essential part of networked asynchronous distance learning. However, the input interface in handheld learning devices, which is…

  10. Effectiveness of Vocabulary Learning via Mobile Phone

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lu, M.

    2008-01-01

    Whereas the penetration of mobile phones in Asian countries keeps climbing, little research has explored the application of the short message service (SMS) in second language learning. This study aims to examine the effectiveness of SMS vocabulary lessons of limited lexical information on the small screens of mobile phones. Thirty high school…

  11. MobiLearn Education for mobile people

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christian Hardless; Johan Lundin; Anders Lööf; Louice Nilsson; Urban Nuldén

    This paper outlines an ongoing research project on training, education and sharing of experiences among mobile people. The importance for professionals to continuously learn is widely recognized. Organizations in the new economy are dependent on organizational knowledge and competence. Mobile workers need alternative educational and knowledge development opportunities that are not restrained by time and space. The research aims at

  12. Mobile Learning: Cell Phones and PDAs for Education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chris Houser; Patricia Thornton; David Kluge

    2002-01-01

    We introduce m-learning - learning with mobile devices, such as cell phones and pocket computers. We review the hardware and research on m-learning, and discuss our future work with mobile foreign-language study.

  13. Pedagogy! iPadology! Netbookology! Learning with Mobile Devices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keane, Therese; Lang, Catherine; Pilgrim, Chris

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores two different schools' approaches to implementing an iPad program and a Netbook program to a year level of students. The aim of the study was to determine how these mobile devices were being used in the classroom and whether they enhanced teaching and learning. The experiences of students and parents were obtained through…

  14. Learning Probabilistic Models for State Tracking of Mobile Robots

    E-print Network

    Nourbakhsh, Illah

    in the form of a Hidden Markov Model (HMM). The traditional approach to mobile robot navigation is to supply is the significant expense of time and effort on the part of a human designer. Ma- chine learning algorithms supplied with a Dinsmore digital compass, which senses the local magnetic field and has a resolution of Ó

  15. Use of Mobile Devices for E-Learning in Geomatics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mills, H.

    2015-05-01

    For the last 4 years, the School of Civil Engineering & Geosciences at Newcastle University, UK adapted mobile devices as learning approach only for undergraduate within Geomatics. All incoming students were given a mobile device as learning tool, which was supposed to be there main way to accessing teaching material. This paper will present how students adopted the mobile devices and how their learning has changed using mobile devices. It will highlight which apps can be used in a Geomatics teaching environment to engage students in their learning and teaching environment. The paper will furthermore look into apps which help students within the area of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, such as the Autodesk 123D catch up or the Remote RDP app to remotely control surveying instrumentations, such as laser scanners. Those apps are easy tools to engage students within digital learning environment which the students are familiar with. The paper will show how students embrace the technology but also current limitation of using those within Higher education establishments, such as sufficient Wifi and student support for using mobile devices.

  16. Semiformal learning communities for professional development in mobile learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Agnes Kukulska-Hulme; John Pettit

    2008-01-01

    A major barrier to the uptake and integration of mobile technologies in teaching and learning is the lack of personal experience\\u000a of mobile learning on the part of those involved in teaching and in the preparation of materials and methods of learner support.\\u000a Our project addressed this by introducing 40 academic and support staff to the use of smartphones to

  17. Getting Ready for Mobile Learning--Adaptation Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goh, Tiong; Kinshuk

    2006-01-01

    Emerging from e-learning, mobile learning is going to be a significant next wave of learning environments. This is an evolving research area and many issues regarding mobile learning have not yet been exhaustively covered. This article focuses on implementing m-learning modules using a simple case study. Most existing typical e-learning systems…

  18. Popularity Modeling for Mobile Apps: A Sequential Approach.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Hengshu; Liu, Chuanren; Ge, Yong; Xiong, Hui; Chen, Enhong

    2015-07-01

    The popularity information in App stores, such as chart rankings, user ratings, and user reviews, provides an unprecedented opportunity to understand user experiences with mobile Apps, learn the process of adoption of mobile Apps, and thus enables better mobile App services. While the importance of popularity information is well recognized in the literature, the use of the popularity information for mobile App services is still fragmented and under-explored. To this end, in this paper, we propose a sequential approach based on hidden Markov model (HMM) for modeling the popularity information of mobile Apps toward mobile App services. Specifically, we first propose a popularity based HMM (PHMM) to model the sequences of the heterogeneous popularity observations of mobile Apps. Then, we introduce a bipartite based method to precluster the popularity observations. This can help to learn the parameters and initial values of the PHMM efficiently. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the PHMM is a general model and can be applicable for various mobile App services, such as trend based App recommendation, rating and review spam detection, and ranking fraud detection. Finally, we validate our approach on two real-world data sets collected from the Apple Appstore. Experimental results clearly validate both the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed popularity modeling approach. PMID:25204005

  19. Personalized Intelligent Mobile Learning System for Supporting Effective English Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Chih-Ming; Hsu, Shih-Hsun

    2008-01-01

    Since English has been an international language, how to enhance English levels of people by useful computer assisted learning forms or tools is a critical issue in non-English speaking countries because it definitely affects the overall competition ability of a country. With the rapid growth of wireless and mobile technologies, the mobile

  20. Mobile Authoring of Open Educational Resources as Reusable Learning Objects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kinshuk; Jesse, Ryan

    2013-01-01

    E-learning technologies have allowed authoring and playback of standardized reusable learning objects (RLO) for several years. Effective mobile learning requires similar functionality at both design time and runtime. Mobile devices can play RLO using applications like SMILE, mobile access to a learning management system (LMS), or other systems…

  1. A Method for Creating Collaborative Mobile Learning Trails Kevin Walker

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and Levene (2003) and developed in the Kaleidoscope project 'Personal and collaborative trails of digital in the Kaleidoscope network, specifically in the following activities: · the Mobile Support for Integrated Learning Enhanced Learning SIG (which has focused on mobile learning); · The Kaleidoscope mobile learning initiative

  2. An Intelligent and Object-oriented Blueprint for a Mobile Learning Institute Information System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Emre Erturk

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this conceptual paper is to develop an original framework that summarizes the applicable software model, and guiding approaches and principles for designing a comprehensive information system for a mobile learning institute. Artificial intelligence has played a role in various strands of computer-mediated education, including e-learning learning platforms. In adaptive delivery mode, learning applications simulate the behavior and

  3. Mobile Phone Usage for M-Learning: Comparing Heavy and Light Mobile Phone Users

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suki, Norbayah Mohd; Suki, Norazah Mohd

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: Mobile technologies offer the opportunity to embed learning in a natural environment. The objective of the study is to examine how the usage of mobile phones for m-learning differs between heavy and light mobile phone users. Heavy mobile phone users are hypothesized to have access to/subscribe to one type of mobile content than light…

  4. SYSTEMS APPROACH TO LEARNING.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WIENS, JACOB H.

    TO PERMIT COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS FOR PURPOSES OF EDUCATIONAL PLANNING AT SAN MATEO, FIVE INSTITUTIONS WITH SYSTEMS PROGRAMS ARE EVALUATED ON THE BASIS OF TRIP NOTES. OAKLAND COMMUNITY COLLEGE HAS BEEN COMPLETELY ORGANIZED AROUND THE VOLUNTARY WORK-STUDY LABORATORY APPROACH TO LEARNING. ORAL ROBERTS UNIVERSITY, OKLAHOMA CHRISTIAN COLLEGE, HENRY FORD…

  5. Realizing Outdoor Independent Learning with a Butterfly-Watching Mobile Learning System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Yuh-Shyan; Kao, Tai-Chien; Sheu, Jang-Ping

    2005-01-01

    In this article, we describe the development of a mobile butterfly-watching learning (BWL) system to realize outdoor independent learning for mobile learners. The mobile butterfly-watching learning system was designed in a wireless mobile ad-hoc learning environment. This is first result to provide a cognitive tool with supporting the independent…

  6. Designing a Mobile System for Lifelong Learning on the Move

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gu, X.; Gu, F.; Laffey, J. M.

    2011-01-01

    The Life-long Learning Initiative seeks to fulfil a variety of learning needs for Shanghai citizens. Given the popularity of mobile devices in Shanghai, the ability to provide learning in informal settings through mobile devices is a key objective and challenge of the Initiative. In order to learn how to develop usable learning content for…

  7. Perspectives of mobile learning in optics and photonics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Curticapean, Dan; Christ, Andreas; Feißt, Markus

    2010-08-01

    Mobile learning (m-learning) can be considered as a new paradigm of e-learning. The developed solution enables the presentation of animations and 3D virtual reality (VR) on mobile devices and is well suited for mobile learning. Difficult relations in physics as well as intricate experiments in optics can be visualised on mobile devices without need for a personal computer. By outsourcing the computational power to a server, the coverage is worldwide.

  8. Evaluation of Mobile Assessment in a Learning Management System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bogdanovic, Zorica; Barac, Dušan; Jovanic, Branislav; Popovic, Snežana; Radenkovic, Božidar

    2014-01-01

    This article discusses the problem of using and delivering educational content from the Moodle learning management system to mobile devices. The primary goal of this study was to investigate the students' habits, motivations and technical possibilities in order to incorporate mobile-learning activities in the e-learning process. A mobile quiz…

  9. Learning Experiences on Mobile Social Media

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kristian KIILI; Jari MULTISILTA; Marko SUOMINEN; Harri KETAMO

    This paper focuses on a pilot study in which a social video application, MoViE, was used to teach basic HCI concepts in bachelor -level education. The aim of the study was to examine the problem space of educational mobile video blogging in order to determine the next phase research settings and future expectations in more details. The learning activities in

  10. Mental Effort in Mobility Route Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martinsen, Harald; Tellevik, Jon Magne; Elmerskog, Bengt; Storlilokken, Magnar

    2007-01-01

    This study examined the mental effort required to monitor landmarks and the effect of the type of route on mobility-route training. The results revealed that the features of landmarks and competence in travel were significantly related, indicating that some environmental factors related to height and width are more easily learned when people can…

  11. Learning Astrophysics through Mobile Gaming

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Massimino, P.; Costa, A.; Becciani, U.; Krokos, M.; Bandieramonte, M.; Petta, C.; Pistagna, C.; Riggi, S.; Sciacca, E.; Vitello, F.

    2013-10-01

    SpaceMission is a mobile application (iOS) offering hands-on experience of astrophysical concepts using scientific simulations. The application is based on VisIVO which is a suite of software tools for visual discovery through 3D views generated from astrophysical datasets.

  12. Effectiveness of a Mobile Plant Learning System in a Science Curriculum in Taiwanese Elementary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, Yueh-Min; Lin, Yen-Ting; Cheng, Shu-Chen

    2010-01-01

    This study developed a Mobile Plant Learning System (MPLS) that provides instructors with the ways and means to facilitate student learning in an elementary-school-level botany course. The MPLS represented in this study was implemented to address problems that arise with the use of a didactic approach to teaching and learning botany, as is…

  13. Mobile Learning and the Visual Web, Oh My! Nutrition Education in the 21st Century

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schuster, Ellen

    2012-01-01

    Technology is rapidly changing how our program participants learn in school and for their personal improvement. Extension educators who deliver nutrition program will want to be aware of the technology trends that are driving these changes. Blended learning, mobile learning, the visual Web, and the gamification of health are approaches to consider…

  14. A Review of Integrating Mobile Phones for Language Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Darmi, Ramiza; Albion, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Mobile learning (m-learning) is gradually being introduced in language classrooms. All forms of mobile technology represent portability with smarter features. Studies have proven the concomitant role of technology beneficial for language learning. Various features in the technology have been exploited and researched for acquiring and learning

  15. Mobile Game Based Learning: Designing a Mobile Location Based Game

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schadenbauer, Sandra

    Today’s students grow up with rapidly changing technology. They spend much of their spare time using computer games, mobile phones and other toys and tools of the digital age. These things are part of their lives. Now it’s time to redesign the educational system and to adjust it to today’s technological opportunities. The current system is out of date. It isn’t able to arouse interest in students. With new technology, schools are able to rebuild their educational system and to spark the student’s interest in learning and further education. Passive and disinterested children will be a thing of the past.

  16. Key Management Challenges and Approaches in Mobility

    E-print Network

    Key Management Challenges and Approaches in Mobility Applications Lily Chen, CSD, NIST September 11. Without infrastructure support, security status cannot be handed over. ??? #12;Challenge II ­ Trust/threat

  17. Development of Adaptive Kanji Learning System for Mobile Phone

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Mengmeng; Ogata, Hiroaki; Hou, Bin; Hashimoto, Satoshi; Liu, Yuqin; Uosaki, Noriko; Yano, Yoneo

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes an adaptive learning system based on mobile phone email to support the study of Japanese Kanji. In this study, the main emphasis is on using the adaptive learning to resolve one common problem of the mobile-based email or SMS language learning systems. To achieve this goal, the authors main efforts focus on three aspects:…

  18. CALL FOR PAPERS INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOBILE LEARNING AND ORGANISATION

    E-print Network

    Bull, Susan

    language learning with mobile devices. Pedagogical models and theories for MULL. Evaluation and assessmentCALL FOR PAPERS INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOBILE LEARNING AND ORGANISATION Website: http for Language Learning" Guest Editors: Dr. Hiroaki Ogata (University of Tokushima, Japan), Dr. Gerardo Ayala

  19. Situated Learning in the Mobile Age: Mobile Devices on a Field Trip to the Sea

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pfeiffer, Vanessa D. I.; Gemballa, Sven; Jarodzka, Halszka; Scheiter, Katharina; Gerjets, Peter

    2009-01-01

    This study focuses on learning about fish biodiversity via mobile devices in a situated learning scenario. Mobile devices do not only facilitate relating the presented information to the real world in a direct way; they also allow the provision of dynamic representations on demand. This study asks whether mobile devices are suited to support…

  20. Transnational Families, ICTs and Mobile Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cuban, Sondra

    2014-01-01

    This article focuses on findings from an Economic and Social Research Council study in England about the uses of information and communication technologies (ICTs) among 15 highly mobile migrant workers within their transnational families. Using an extended case study approach including ethnographic methods and a thematic analysis, patterns…

  1. Engaging Students in Higher Education through Mobile Learning: Lessons Learnt in a Chinese Entrepreneurship Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Menkhoff, Thomas; Bengtsson, Magnus Lars

    2012-01-01

    This evaluative-exploratory case study reports pedagogical experiences with using mobiles phones, wikis, and other mobile learning approaches such as podcasts and walking tours as educational tools in the context of an undergraduate course on Chinese Entrepreneurship and Asian Business Networks taught at a university in Singapore. Conceptualized…

  2. EarlyBird: Learning-based Mobile Prefetching through Content Preference and Usage Pattern

    E-print Network

    Liu, Xin

    EarlyBird: Learning-based Mobile Prefetching through Content Preference and Usage Pattern Yichuan. To address such challenges, we present a multi- dimensional approach, EarlyBird, for mobile social content Twitter application as a case study to evaluate EarlyBird. We show that on average users can reduce

  3. Learning-Enforced Time Domain Routing to Mobile Sinks in Wireless Sensor Fields

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pritam Baruah; Rahul Urgaonkar; Bhaskar Krishnamachari

    2004-01-01

    We propose a learning-based approach to efficiently and re- liably route data to a mobile sink in a wireless sensor field. Specifically, we consider a mobile sink that does not know when to query or does not need to query. Furthermore, the sink moves in a certain pattern within the sensor field. Such a sink passively listens for incoming data

  4. Cellular IP: a new approach to Internet host mobility

    Microsoft Academic Search

    András Gergely Valkó

    1999-01-01

    This paper describes a new approach to Internet host mobility. We argue that by separating local and wide area mobility, the performance of existing mobile host protocols (e.g. Mobile IP) can be significantly improved. We propose Cellular IP, a new lightweight and robust protocol that is optimized to support local mobility but efficiently interworks with Mobile IP to provide wide

  5. Evaluation of a mobile learning organiser for university students

    E-print Network

    Bull, Susan

    -mail and instant messaging and organise ideas and notes. The tools were based on the Pocket outlook personal and satisfaction with the system. Keywords hand-held computer, learning organiser, mobile learning, undergraduate

  6. A Knowledge Engineering Approach to Developing Mindtools for Context-Aware Ubiquitous Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chu, Hui-Chun; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Tsai, Chin-Chung

    2010-01-01

    Recent developments in computing and mobile technologies have enabled the mobile and ubiquitous learning approach, which situates students in an environment that combines real-world and digital-world learning resources. Although such an approach seems to be innovative and interesting, several problems have been revealed when applying it to…

  7. Mobile Learning via SMS at Open University Malaysia: Equitable, Effective, and Sustainable

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lim, Tina; Fadzil, Mansor; Mansor, Norziati

    2011-01-01

    This article describes Open University Malaysia's efforts at enhancing the blended learning approach for undergraduate distance learners with the successful implementation of the Mobile Learning via SMS initiative. The pilot project was implemented in the May 2009 semester, and this coming January 2011 semester will be in its sixth consecutive…

  8. Learning the State Transition Model to Efficiently Clean Surfaces with Mobile Manipulation Robots

    E-print Network

    Cremers, Daniel

    robot from iRobot cleans a room by random movements. Whereas such an approach guarantees completeLearning the State Transition Model to Efficiently Clean Surfaces with Mobile Manipulation Robots J that enables a robot to efficiently learn to clean unknown surfaces. We model the cleaning task as a Markov

  9. Fast reinforcement learning algorithm for mobile power control in cellular communication systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    X. Z. Gao; X. M. Gao; S. J. Ovaska

    1997-01-01

    A fast reinforcement learning algorithm based on Muller's method is first proposed. This new algorithm converges much faster than the conventional approach, and therefore is more suitable to be used in on-line applications. The authors apply the fast reinforcement learning algorithm into the power control of cellular phones. The channel tracking error can be minimized in the mobile power control

  10. Issues of E-Learning Standards and Identity Management for Mobility and Collaboration in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alves, Paulo; Uhomoibhi, James

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: This paper seeks to investigate and report on the status of identity management systems and e-learning standards across Europe for promoting mobility, collaboration and the sharing of contents and services in higher education institutions. Design/methodology/approach: The present research work examines existing e-learning standards and…

  11. Mobile Learning Application Research Based on iPhone

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zong Hu; Dongming Huang

    \\u000a In recent years, as a new mode of learning, more and more domestic and foreign scholars pay attention to mobile learning.\\u000a This paper use iPhone act as mobile learning carrier, learners can get and interact information through iPhone. Application\\u000a research based on iPhone will maximize the potential advantages of iPhone, so that learners can participate in learning at\\u000a anytime, in

  12. Introducing Mobility in Serious Games: Enhancing Situated and Collaborative Learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sébastien George; Audrey Serna

    \\u000a This paper explores the introduction of mobile technologies in a particular serious games subset called learning games. We\\u000a focus on two main purposes where mobility turns out to be useful: situated learning and collaborative learning. The article\\u000a outlines the opportunities and the remaining challenges for these learning situations. Some important issues are highlighted\\u000a for immerging learners in real context. We

  13. Investigating the Use of Text Messages in Mobile Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Geng, Gretchen

    2013-01-01

    Nowadays, teaching and learning have been shifted from traditional classrooms to technology-supported learning environment. By offering a convenient, efficient and financially affordable information technology learning environment, mobile learning is a topic that is of considerable interest for education audiences owing to the pervasive nature of…

  14. Collaborative learning system based on wireless mobile equipments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhaopeng Meng; Jianjun Chu; Lianfang Zhang

    2004-01-01

    With the popularization of wireless mobile equipment, long distance education based on such equipment, e.g., PDAs, attracts increasing attention. However, two problems are: how to transform current Web pages to display correctly on PDA; how to deal with long distance discussions between PDA users and PC users. We have developed a mobile learning system, composed of a collaborative learning model

  15. Enhancing Children's Outdoor Learning Experiences with a Mobile Application

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rikala, Jenni

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines how a mobile learning application can enhance children's outdoor learning experiences. The study draws upon empirical evidence gathered in one case study conducted in a Finnish primary school setting in the fall of 2012. The data were collected with student and teacher surveys. The case study indicated that the mobile

  16. Reducing cognitive load in mobile learning: Activity-centered perspectives

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jianzhen Chen

    2010-01-01

    Mobile learning should take into account main features and limitations of learner cognitive architecture. The paper provides a brief overview of cognitive architecture and sources of cognitive load, and analyzes methods for reducing cognitive load, which are participatory design, resource location agents, reducing extraneous cognitive load by interactivity. The paper also discussions the usability of mobile learning. The aim is

  17. Evaluation of a Mobile Learning Organiser for University Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corlett, Dan; Sharples, Mike; Bull, Susan; Chan, Tony

    2005-01-01

    This paper describes a 10-month trial of a mobile learning organiser, developed for use by university students. Implemented on a wireless-enabled Pocket PC hand-held computer, the organiser makes use of existing mobile applications as well as tools designed specifically for students to manage their learning. The trial set out to identify the…

  18. Learning Bridges: A Role for Mobile Technologies in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vavoula, Giasemi; Sharples, Mike; Lonsdale, Peter; Rudman, Paul; Meek, Julia

    2007-01-01

    MyArtSpace is a service for children to spread their learning between schools and museums using mobile phones linked to a personal Web space. Using MyArtSpace as an example, the authors discuss the possibilities for mobile technology to form bridges between formal and informal learning. They also offer guidelines for designing such bridges.…

  19. A Generic Approach to Simplification of Geodata for Mobile Applications

    E-print Network

    Köbben, Barend

    , tourism, security and disaster management. All mobile applications have characteristics in commonA Generic Approach to Simplification of Geodata for Mobile Applications Theodor Foersterą, Jantien for mobile applications. However, choosing the best simplification algorithm depends on the correct

  20. A Mobile Learning Module for High School Fieldwork

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsu, Tzu-Yen; Chen, Che-Ming

    2010-01-01

    Although fieldwork is always cited as an important component of geographic education, there are many obstacles for executing high school fieldwork. Mobile electronic products are becoming popular and some schools are able to acquire these devices for mobile learning. This study attempts to provide a mobile-assisted means of guiding students…

  1. Mobile Learning in Nursing Practice Education: Applying Koole's FRAME Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kenny, Richard F.; Van Neste-Kenny, Jocelyne M. C.; Park, Caroline L.; Burton, Pamela A.; Meiers, Jan

    2009-01-01

    We report here on an exploratory formative evaluation of a project to integrate mobile learning into a Western Canadian college nursing program. Third-year students used Hewlett Packard iPAQ mobile devices for five weeks in a practice education course in April-May, 2007. Koole's (2009) "Framework for the Rational Analysis of Mobile Education"…

  2. HAWAII: A Domainbased Approach for Supporting Mobility in Widearea Wireless

    E-print Network

    Yener, Aylin

    1 HAWAII: A Domain­based Approach for Supporting Mobility in Wide­area Wireless Networks R. Ramjee evaluation of HAWAII: a domain­based approach for supporting mobility. HAWAII uses specialized path setup. HAWAII defaults to using Mobile IP for macro­ mobility, thus providing a comprehensive solution

  3. Learning with wireless mobile devices and social software

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas Cochrane

    The paper outlines the beginning of research into the synthesis of mobile personal technologies, social technologies, and constructivist pedagogies, and briefly explores the potential for creating student-centred collaborative learning communities using wireless mobile devices (e.g. PDAs, Ultra Mobile PCs, mobile phones and smart-phones) and social software (e.g. blogs, RSS, instant messaging, moodle, elgg etc…). Instead of simply re- purposing content

  4. Evaluation of a mobile learning organiser for university students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dan Corlett; Mike Sharples; Susan Bull; Tony Chan

    2005-01-01

    This paper describes a 10-month trial of a mobile learning organiser, developed for use by university students. Implemented on a wireless-enabled Pocket PC hand-held computer, the organiser makes use of existing mobile applications as well as tools designed specifically for students to manage their learning. The trial set out to identify the most-used tools for such a learning device and

  5. Unlocking the learning value of wireless mobile devices

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Roschelle

    2003-01-01

    S.R.I. International Abstract Many researchers see the potential of wireless mobile learning devices to achieve large-scale impact on learning because of portability, low cost, and communications features. This enthusiasm is shared but the lessons drawn from three well-documented uses of connected handheld devices in education lead towards challenges ahead. First, 'wireless, mobile learning' is an imprecise description of what it

  6. Seamless Connection between Learning and Assessment--Applying Progressive Learning Tasks in Mobile Ecology Inquiry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hung, Pi-Hsia; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Lin, Yu-Fen; Wu, Tsung-Hsun; Su, I-Hsiang

    2013-01-01

    Mobile learning has been recommended for motivating students on field trips; nevertheless, owing to the complexity and the richness of the learning resources from both the real-world and the digital-world environments, information overload remains one of the major concerns. Most mobile learning designs provide feedback only for multiple choice…

  7. NEW E-LEARNING SERVICES BASED ON MOBILE AND UBIQUITOUS COMPUTING: UBI-LEARN PROJECT

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -up to design physical-digital interactions. #12;New applications for ubiquitous learning will provided us their learning, both in and out of class. Simulations, learning games, threaded discussions, and videoNEW E-LEARNING SERVICES BASED ON MOBILE AND UBIQUITOUS COMPUTING: UBI-LEARN PROJECT Mona Laroussi 1

  8. A Concept Map Approach to Developing Collaborative Mindtools for Context-Aware Ubiquitous Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Shi, Yen-Ru; Chu, Hui-Chun

    2011-01-01

    Recent advances in mobile and wireless communication technologies have enabled various new learning approaches which situate students in environments that combine real-world and digital-world learning resources; moreover, students are allowed to share knowledge or experiences with others during the learning process. Although such an approach seems…

  9. An Investigation of Learning Style Differences and Attitudes toward Digital Game-based Learning among Mobile Users

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ching-chiu Chao

    2006-01-01

    Game-based learning in mobile and ubiquitous learning environments has gained great interests in recent years throughout the world and there is every indication that the trend will continue. This paper is a brief report on the findings of a study conducted on student mobile users' learning style, attitudes toward game-based learning in mobile and ubiquitous learning environments and the relationship

  10. Design of English Learning System Based on Mobile Technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guolong Ruan; Jiuyun Wang

    2008-01-01

    English is more and more popular in China and thus English learning is very important for Chinese youth, especially for Chinese student. However it is difficult for Chinese to master English very well using the traditionally teaching methods. To improve the learning efficiency, we design an English learning system based on mobile technology, which makes the study interesting. Using the

  11. The Design and Implementation of a Mobile Learning Resource

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mike Sharples; Dan Corlett; Oliver Westmancott

    2002-01-01

    The convergence of mobile communications and handheld computers offers the opportunity to develop technology that will assist individuals and groups to learn anytime, anywhere. We describe the theory-informed design, implementation and evaluation of a handheld learning device. It is intended to support children to capture everyday events such as images, notes and sounds, to relate them to web-based learning resources,

  12. Multiplatform Approach to Mobile Laser Scanning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kukko, A.; Kaartinen, H.; Hyyppä, J.; Chen, Y.

    2012-07-01

    Mobile laser scanning is an emerging technology for capturing three-dimensional information from the surrounding objects. With state of the art sensors the achieved point cloud could capture fine details of the surroundings with good accuracy and effectiveness. Many of the applications deal with the civil engineering purposes in urban areas for traffic and city planning and modelling. In this article we present multiplatform mobile laser scanning solutions for mapping applications that require mobility in various terrains and river environments but yet produce high density point clouds with good reliability and accuracy. The ROAMER mobile laser scanning system was deployed in multitude of tasks from urban areas to climate research. The paper also introduces a completely new backpack Akhka platform for mobile lidar mapping of areas where wheeled vehicles cannot operate. The sensor set is the same in all of the approaches, but the carrying vessel was selected according to the application. This was possible thanks to a relatively light and compact yet simple design of the system. ROAMER system is one of the few high-end MLS systems that are easily adaptable to various platforms. In addition to technical description of the system we discuss the practical performance of the solutions through various applications in the fields of urban mapping, fluvial geomorphology, snow cover characterization and climate change monitoring.

  13. Mobile IPTV: Approaches, Challenges, Standards, and QoS Support

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Seong-ho Jeong

    2009-01-01

    IPTV is defined as multimedia services, such as TV, video, audio, text, graphics, and data, delivered over IP-based networks managed to support quality of service (QoS), quality of experience, security, interactivity, and reliability. Mobile IPTV extends those services to mobile networks. The authors discuss mobile IPTV standardization's status, related approaches in the field, and technical challenges to enhancing mobile IPTV

  14. Mobile learning for HIV/AIDS healthcare worker training in resource-limited settings

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background We present an innovative approach to healthcare worker (HCW) training using mobile phones as a personal learning environment. Twenty physicians used individual Smartphones (Nokia N95 and iPhone), each equipped with a portable solar charger. Doctors worked in urban and peri-urban HIV/AIDS clinics in Peru, where almost 70% of the nation's HIV patients in need are on treatment. A set of 3D learning scenarios simulating interactive clinical cases was developed and adapted to the Smartphones for a continuing medical education program lasting 3 months. A mobile educational platform supporting learning events tracked participant learning progress. A discussion forum accessible via mobile connected participants to a group of HIV specialists available for back-up of the medical information. Learning outcomes were verified through mobile quizzes using multiple choice questions at the end of each module. Methods In December 2009, a mid-term evaluation was conducted, targeting both technical feasibility and user satisfaction. It also highlighted user perception of the program and the technical challenges encountered using mobile devices for lifelong learning. Results With a response rate of 90% (18/20 questionnaires returned), the overall satisfaction of using mobile tools was generally greater for the iPhone. Access to Skype and Facebook, screen/keyboard size, and image quality were cited as more troublesome for the Nokia N95 compared to the iPhone. Conclusions Training, supervision and clinical mentoring of health workers are the cornerstone of the scaling up process of HIV/AIDS care in resource-limited settings (RLSs). Educational modules on mobile phones can give flexibility to HCWs for accessing learning content anywhere. However lack of softwares interoperability and the high investment cost for the Smartphones' purchase could represent a limitation to the wide spread use of such kind mLearning programs in RLSs. PMID:20825677

  15. THE MOBO CITY: A MOBILE GAME PACKAGE FOR TECHNICAL LANGUAGE LEARNING The MOBO City: A Mobile Game Package for

    E-print Network

    Grout, Vic

    THE MOBO CITY: A MOBILE GAME PACKAGE FOR TECHNICAL LANGUAGE LEARNING The MOBO City: A Mobile Game Package for Technical Language Learning doi:10.3991/ijim.v3i2.757 F. Fotouhi-Ghazvini1, 2, R. Earnshaw2, D University, Wrexham, UK Abstract--In this research we produced a mobile language learning game

  16. MOBILE LEARNING AND DIGITAL LIBRARIES Esha Datta, Department of Mechanical

    E-print Network

    Agogino, Alice M.

    ), and tablet PCs mobile learning provides opportunities for formal and informal education in a wide range of simple machines. This lesson was implemented during a workshop conducted with students in the Tech

  17. Combining associative learning and nonassociative learning to achieve robust reactive navigation in mobile robots

    E-print Network

    Chang, Carolina

    biological learning theories to achieve adaptive behaviors in mobile robots (Chang & Gaudiano, 1998Combining associative learning and nonassociative learning to achieve robust reactive navigation 1080, Venezuela www.ldc.usb.ve/â?ťcchang Abstract We present a neural network that learns to control

  18. Learning on the Go: Voices of Highly Mobile Urban Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rhodes, Virginia L.

    2008-01-01

    Highly mobile students experience schools and learning in different ways than their more stable peers. Repeated transfers result in discontinuity of instruction and relationships with teachers and peers. Interviews with transient urban students in grades 9-12 reveal the issues they face upon their arrival and afterward. Mobile students give…

  19. Towards an Understanding of the Virtual Context in Mobile Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cornelius, Sarah; Marston, Phil

    2009-01-01

    Much of the literature theorising mobile learning emphasises the importance of context with physical and social contexts identified to date. Our work to design and implement authentic mobile simulation activities using SMS text messaging suggests that a third context may also be important. This is a virtual context, the learner-created cognitive…

  20. Student-Community Collaboration to Construct Mobile Learning Games

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallace, Paul

    2011-01-01

    This article describes a project integrating mobile learning games into the author's course at Appalachian State University, in collaboration with a community partner and for the community as a whole. The process of constructing educational mobile games can be as beneficial as the act of playing. Therefore, the author's beliefs about integrating…

  1. An Investigation on Students' Cognitive Load and Learning Achievements for Participating in a Local Culture Mobile Learning Activity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gwo-Jen Hwang; Wan-Ling Kuo; Po-Han Wu; Yueh-Min Huang; Ya-Yan Zhuang

    2010-01-01

    The advancement of mobile device and wireless communication technologies has a great influence on the design concept of learning activities. The effects of new technologies on learning have also been widely discussed. In this research, we attempt to integrate field study into the digital mobile learning model, and build a mobile learning environment with both physical and virtual resources. The

  2. Optimal Perceptron Learning: an Online Bayesian Approach

    E-print Network

    Winther, Ole

    Optimal Perceptron Learning: an Online Bayesian Approach Sara A. Solla 1;2;3 and Ole Winther 3;4 1 Bayesian approach to online learning is ap­ plied to learning a rule defined as a noisy single layer optimal. Two learning modalities need to be distinguished: offline and online. In offline or batch

  3. Mobile Game-Based Learning in Secondary Education: Engagement, Motivation and Learning in a Mobile City Game

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huizenga, J.; Admiraal, W.; Akkerman, S.; Dam, G. ten

    2009-01-01

    Using mobile games in education combines situated and active learning with fun in a potentially excellent manner. The effects of a mobile city game called Frequency 1550, which was developed by The Waag Society to help pupils in their first year of secondary education playfully acquire historical knowledge of medieval Amsterdam, were investigated…

  4. Reinforcement Learning for Visual Servoing of a Mobile Robot Chris Gaskett, Luke Fletcher and Alexander Zelinsky

    E-print Network

    position using visual feedback [Hutchinson et al., 1996]. It is a basic building block for purposeful robot basic approaches to the control part of visual servoing: position based and image based. Both generallyReinforcement Learning for Visual Servoing of a Mobile Robot Chris Gaskett, Luke Fletcher

  5. Evolutionary Learning of Mobile Robot Behaviors FRANK HOFFMANN

    E-print Network

    Hoffmann, Frank

    Evolutionary Learning of Mobile Robot Behaviors FRANK HOFFMANN Berkeley Initiative in Soft arti cial-life systems 7]. Essentially, arti cial life and machine learn- ing understand evolutionary Computing (BISC) Computer Science Division University of California, Berkeley CA 94720 email: fho man

  6. Mobile Cloud Learning for Higher Education: A Case Study of Moodle in the Cloud

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Minjuan; Chen, Yong; Khan, Muhammad Jahanzaib

    2014-01-01

    Mobile cloud learning, a combination of mobile learning and cloud computing, is a relatively new concept that holds considerable promise for future development and delivery in the education sectors. Cloud computing helps mobile learning overcome obstacles related to mobile computing. The main focus of this paper is to explore how cloud computing…

  7. Meta-analyses from a collaborative project in mobile lifelong learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marco Arrigo; Agnes Kukulska-Hulme; Inmaculada Arnedillo-Sánchez; Gábor Kismihok

    2012-01-01

    This paper focuses on the use of mobile technologies in relation to the aims of the European Union’s Lifelong Learning programme. First, we explain the background to the notion of mobile lifelong learning. We then present a methodological framework to analyse and identify good practices in mobile lifelong learning, based on the outcomes of the MOTILL project (‘Mobile Technologies in

  8. Mobile Math: Math Educators and Students Engage in Mobile Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Franklin, Teresa; Peng, Li-Wei

    2008-01-01

    The public and educational communities are aware of the continuing crisis in math education in our middle schools and the convergence of technologies for teaching and learning. This paper presents a case study in which iPod Touch[R] was used to help middle school students learn about algebraic equations and, in particular, the concept of slope,…

  9. Mobile Learning Initiative Summary of Accomplishments July 1-October 15, 2011.

    E-print Network

    Barrash, Warren

    for Academic Affairs and VP for Finance and Administration in August 2011. (2) Budget for Mobile LearningMobile Learning Initiative Summary of Accomplishments July 1-October 15, 2011. (1) The report of the Task Force for Teaching, Learning and Technology, "Mobile-Learning For Boise State: A Proposal

  10. Comparing Vocabulary Learning of EFL Learners by Using Two Different Strategies: Mobile Learning vs. Flashcards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Azabdaftari, Behrooz; Mozaheb, Mohammad Amin

    2012-01-01

    Vocabulary acquisition is one of the most important aspects of language learning. There are a number of techniques and technologies which enhance vocabulary learning in the year 2012, e.g. wordlists, flashcards and m-learning. Mobile phones are among those devices which not only meet the expectations of their users for communication, but are also…

  11. Mobile Learning: A Framework and Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Motiwalla, Luvai F.

    2007-01-01

    Wireless data communications in form of Short Message Service (SMS) and Wireless Access Protocols (WAP) browsers have gained global popularity, yet, not much has been done to extend the usage of these devices in electronic learning (e-learning). This project explores the extension of e-learning into wireless/handheld (W/H) computing devices with…

  12. A Reinforcement Learning Approach to Online Clustering

    E-print Network

    Likas, Aristidis

    A Reinforcement Learning Approach to On­line Clustering Aristidis Likas Department of Computer is proposed for embedding on­line clustering algorithms based on com­ petitive learning in a reinforcement learning framework. The basic idea is that the clustering system can be viewed as a reinforcement learning

  13. Design and Evaluation of Two Blended Learning Approaches: Lessons Learned

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheung, Wing Sum; Hew, Khe Foon

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we share two blended learning approaches used at the National Institute of Education in Singapore. We have been using these two approaches in the last twelve years in many courses ranging from the diploma to graduate programs. For the first blended learning approach, we integrated one asynchronous communication tool with face to…

  14. Place, mobility, and faculty life: mindfulness and learning through change

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Greenwood, David A.

    2015-03-01

    Academics move a lot. In this autoethnographic essay, I explore aspects of mobility, rootedness, mindfulness, and learning though my own story of leaving a place I loved for a new place I was drawn to, a place where I have begun the long and uncertain process of building new relationships of attachment. We lead mobile lives, even as we learn to appreciate the benefits of staying put to both people and land. Between rootedness and mobility lives a rich tension, termed "place-based transience". What do the experience of place and transience imply for our work as academics, as mindful human beings in the process of learning and becoming? The essay probes this question and concludes with a series of haiku—as an example of a particular "practice of place" I've found helpful for connecting me to my new homeplace, even as I question whether I'll stick around.

  15. Learning on the go: voices of highly mobile urban students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Virginia L. Rhodes

    2008-01-01

    Highly mobile students experience schools and learning in different ways than their more stable peers. Repeated transfers\\u000a result in discontinuity of instruction and relationships with teachers and peers. Interviews with transient urban students\\u000a in grades 9–12 reveal the issues they face upon their arrival and afterward. Mobile students give insight into perceptions\\u000a of teacher practice, peer-group induction, receptivity to classroom

  16. Distributed Fault Location in Networks Using Learning Mobile Agents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tony White; Bernard Pagurek

    1999-01-01

    This paper describes how multiple interacting swarms of adaptive mobile agents can be used to locate faults in networks. The\\u000a paper proposes the use of distributed problem solving using learning mobile agents for fault finding. The paper uses a recently\\u000a described architectural description for an agent that is biologically inspired and proposes chemical interaction as the principal\\u000a mechanism for inter-swarm

  17. THEORY-BASED SUPPORT FOR MOBILE LANGUAGE LEARNING: NOTICING AND RECORDING Theory-based Support for Mobile Language

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    THEORY-BASED SUPPORT FOR MOBILE LANGUAGE LEARNING: NOTICING AND RECORDING Theory-based Support for Mobile Language Learning: Noticing and Recording doi:10.3991/ijim.v3i2.740 A. Kukulska-Hulme1 and S. Bull into educational applications for language learning. We consider: theoretical perspectives drawn from the second

  18. A Trial of a Bidirectional Learning Management Tool for Promoting Learning by Mobile Phone

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kouji Yoshida; Kouiti Matsumoto; Kazuhiro Nakada; Tomonori Akutsu; Satoru Fujii; Hiroshi Ichimura

    2003-01-01

    \\u000a Education outside of the traditional classroom environment is growing more widespread, particularly opportunities presented\\u000a by distance learning. In Japan, students today are frequently seen using the mail function of the WWW from their mobile phone.\\u000a With this in mind, we tried making a bidirectional learning management tool accessible by mobile phone. To promote competitive\\u000a behavior between students, and to maintain

  19. Collaboration Factors and Quality of Learning Experience on Interactive Mobile Assisted Social E-Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Shengmei

    2014-01-01

    This study (n = 52) examined mobile assisted in-class course using collaborative learning theories over an 18-week semester in a college level course. A self-evaluation survey containing 50 closed-ended items with two open-ended questions about participants' collaboration experience through the mobile techs was conducted during the last week…

  20. iLearning: The Future of Higher Education? Student Perceptions on Learning with Mobile Tablets

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rossing, Jonathan P.; Miller, Willie M.; Cecil, Amanda K.; Stamper, Suzan E.

    2012-01-01

    The growing use of mobile technology on college campuses suggests the future of the classroom, including learning activities, research, and even student faculty communications, will rely heavily on mobile technology. Since Fall 2010, an interdisciplinary team of faculty from Indiana University--Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) has…

  1. Installing the Blackboard Mobile Learn for iPad Application 2010 Blackboard Inc. Proprietary and Confidential

    E-print Network

    Xu, Shouhuai

    Installing the Blackboard Mobile Learn for iPad Application ©2010 Blackboard Inc. Proprietary and Confidential Installing the Blackboard Mobile LearnTM for iPad® Application These instructions are for installing the Blackboard Mobile Learn for Apple® iPad® application. Prerequisites These instructions assume

  2. Reexamining the Effectiveness of Vocabulary Learning via Mobile Phones

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Haisen; Song, Wei; Burston, Jack

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to reexamine the effectiveness of vocabulary learning via mobile phones. Students (N=78) from two intact classes of sophomores at a Chinese university were assigned to two groups: the SMS group (the experimental group) and the paper group (the control group). Then, they were administered a pretest to identify the level…

  3. Learning Maps for Indoor Mobile Robot Navigation ? Sebastian Thrun

    E-print Network

    Thrun, Sebastian

    corrupted by noise. Often, the distribution of this noise is not known. (iv) Drift/slippage. Robot motionLearning Maps for Indoor Mobile Robot Navigation ? Sebastian Thrun Computer Science Department and Robotics Institute Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh Accepted for Publication in Artificial

  4. Structural Identification and Comparison of Intelligent Mobile Learning Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Upadhyay, Nitin; Agarwal, Vishnu Prakash

    2007-01-01

    This paper proposes a methodology using graph theory, matrix algebra and permanent function to compare different architecture (structure) design of intelligent mobile learning environment. The current work deals with the development/selection of optimum architecture (structural) model of iMLE. This can be done using the criterion as discussed in…

  5. Ubiquitous Mobile Knowledge Construction in Collaborative Learning Environments

    PubMed Central

    Baloian, Nelson; Zurita, Gustavo

    2012-01-01

    Knowledge management is a critical activity for any organization. It has been said to be a differentiating factor and an important source of competitiveness if this knowledge is constructed and shared among its members, thus creating a learning organization. Knowledge construction is critical for any collaborative organizational learning environment. Nowadays workers must perform knowledge creation tasks while in motion, not just in static physical locations; therefore it is also required that knowledge construction activities be performed in ubiquitous scenarios, and supported by mobile and pervasive computational systems. These knowledge creation systems should help people in or outside organizations convert their tacit knowledge into explicit knowledge, thus supporting the knowledge construction process. Therefore in our understanding, we consider highly relevant that undergraduate university students learn about the knowledge construction process supported by mobile and ubiquitous computing. This has been a little explored issue in this field. This paper presents the design, implementation, and an evaluation of a system called MCKC for Mobile Collaborative Knowledge Construction, supporting collaborative face-to-face tacit knowledge construction and sharing in ubiquitous scenarios. The MCKC system can be used by undergraduate students to learn how to construct knowledge, allowing them anytime and anywhere to create, make explicit and share their knowledge with their co-learners, using visual metaphors, gestures and sketches to implement the human-computer interface of mobile devices (PDAs). PMID:22969333

  6. Ubiquitous mobile knowledge construction in collaborative learning environments.

    PubMed

    Baloian, Nelson; Zurita, Gustavo

    2012-01-01

    Knowledge management is a critical activity for any organization. It has been said to be a differentiating factor and an important source of competitiveness if this knowledge is constructed and shared among its members, thus creating a learning organization. Knowledge construction is critical for any collaborative organizational learning environment. Nowadays workers must perform knowledge creation tasks while in motion, not just in static physical locations; therefore it is also required that knowledge construction activities be performed in ubiquitous scenarios, and supported by mobile and pervasive computational systems. These knowledge creation systems should help people in or outside organizations convert their tacit knowledge into explicit knowledge, thus supporting the knowledge construction process. Therefore in our understanding, we consider highly relevant that undergraduate university students learn about the knowledge construction process supported by mobile and ubiquitous computing. This has been a little explored issue in this field. This paper presents the design, implementation, and an evaluation of a system called MCKC for Mobile Collaborative Knowledge Construction, supporting collaborative face-to-face tacit knowledge construction and sharing in ubiquitous scenarios. The MCKC system can be used by undergraduate students to learn how to construct knowledge, allowing them anytime and anywhere to create, make explicit and share their knowledge with their co-learners, using visual metaphors, gestures and sketches to implement the human-computer interface of mobile devices (PDAs). PMID:22969333

  7. A Contest-Oriented Project for Learning Intelligent Mobile Robots

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, Hsin-Hsiung; Su, Juing-Huei; Lee, Chyi-Shyong

    2013-01-01

    A contest-oriented project for undergraduate students to learn implementation skills and theories related to intelligent mobile robots is presented in this paper. The project, related to Micromouse, Robotrace (Robotrace is the title of Taiwanese and Japanese robot races), and line-maze contests was developed by the embedded control system research…

  8. Mobile Devices for Learning: What You Need to Know

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robledo, S. Jhoanna

    2012-01-01

    The Common Core State Standards call for students to develop digital media and technology skills. One way to help them reach that goal: incorporate gadgets they're already familiar with--cell phones, tablets, and smartphones--into their learning environment. Mobile devices are becoming essential to students' daily lives. According to a 2011 Pew…

  9. Active learning for adaptive mobile sensing networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aarti Singh; Robert Nowak; Parmeswaran Ramanathan

    2006-01-01

    This paper investigates data-adaptive path planning schemes for wireless networks of mobile sensor platforms. We focus on applications of environmental monitoring, in which the goal is to reconstruct a spatial map of environmental fac- tors of interest. Traditional sampling theory deals with data collection processes that are completely independent of the target map to be estimated, aside from possible a

  10. Using smart mobile devices in social-network-based health education practice: a learning behavior analysis.

    PubMed

    Wu, Ting-Ting

    2014-06-01

    Virtual communities provide numerous resources, immediate feedback, and information sharing, enabling people to rapidly acquire information and knowledge and supporting diverse applications that facilitate interpersonal interactions, communication, and sharing. Moreover, incorporating highly mobile and convenient devices into practice-based courses can be advantageous in learning situations. Therefore, in this study, a tablet PC and Google+ were introduced to a health education practice course to elucidate satisfaction of learning module and conditions and analyze the sequence and frequency of learning behaviors during the social-network-based learning process. According to the analytical results, social networks can improve interaction among peers and between educators and students, particularly when these networks are used to search for data, post articles, engage in discussions, and communicate. In addition, most nursing students and nursing educators expressed a positive attitude and satisfaction toward these innovative teaching methods, and looked forward to continuing the use of this learning approach. PMID:24568697

  11. Use of Mobile Learning by Resident Physicians in Botswana

    PubMed Central

    Chang, Aileen Y.; Ghose, Sankalpo; Littman-Quinn, Ryan; Anolik, Rachel B.; Kyer, Andrea; Mazhani, Loeto; Seymour, Anne K.

    2012-01-01

    Abstract With the growth of mobile health in recent years, learning through the use of mobile devices (mobile learning [mLearning]) has gained recognition as a potential method for increasing healthcare providers' access to medical information and resources in resource-limited settings. In partnership with the University of Botswana School of Medicine (SOM), we have been exploring the role of smartphone-based mLearning with resident (physicians in specialty training) education. The SOM, which admitted its first class of medical students and residents in 2009, is committed to providing high-level on-site educational resources for resident physicians, even when practicing in remote locations. Seven residents were trained to use an Android-based myTouch 3G smartphone equipped with data-enabled subscriber identity module (SIM) cards and built-in camera. Phones contained locally loaded point-of-care and drug information applications, a telemedicine application that allows for the submission of cases to local mentors, and e-mail/Web access. Surveys were administered at 4 weeks and 8 weeks following distribution of phones. We found that smartphones loaded with point-of-care tools are effectively utilized by resident physicians in resource-limited settings, both for accessing point-of-care medical information at the bedside and engaging in self-directed learning at home. PMID:22171597

  12. Design approaches in technology-enhanced learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yishay Mor; Niall Winters

    2007-01-01

    Design is critical to the successful development of any interactive learning environment (ILE). Moreover, in technology-enhanced learning (TEL) the design process requires input from many diverse areas of expertise. As such, anyone undertaking tool development is required to directly address the design challenge from multiple perspectives. We provide a motivation and rationale for design approaches for learning technologies that draws

  13. Design Approaches in Technology-Enhanced Learning

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Design Approaches in Technology-Enhanced Learning Yishay Mor* and Niall Winters Institute of Education, University of London, UK Design is critical to the successful development of any interactive learning environment (ILE). Moreover, in technology-enhanced learning (TEL) the design process requires

  14. Design approaches in technology enhanced learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yishay Mor; Niall Winters

    2006-01-01

    Design is a critical to the successful development of any interactive learning environment (ILE). Moreover, in technology enhanced learning (TEL), the design process requires input from many diverse areas of expertise. As such, anyone undertaking tool development is required to directly address the design challenge from multiple perspectives. We provide a motivation and rationale for design approaches for learning technologies

  15. Mobile Learning: Two Case Studies of Supporting Inquiry Learning in Informal and Semiformal Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Ann C.; Scanlon, Eileen; Clough, Gill

    2013-01-01

    Mobile technologies can support learning across different contexts as their portability enables them to be used by the learner in whichever context she or he is in. They can be particularly beneficial in informal and semiformal contexts where learners have more control over their learning goals and where motivation is often high. Inquiries in…

  16. A Study of Campus Butterfly Ecology Learning System Based on Augmented Reality and Mobile Learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wernhuar Tarng; Kuo-Liang Ou

    2012-01-01

    This study used augmented reality and mobile learning technologies to design a virtual butterfly ecological environment for learning butterfly ecology. Students can breed virtual caterpillars on host plants using smart phones, and become familiar with butterflyˇ¦s life cycle by observing their growth. The virtual campus butterfly ecological environment can reduce the difficulty of building and managing a real butterfly garden,

  17. A New Approach to Personalization: Integrating E-Learning and M-Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nedungadi, Prema; Raman, Raghu

    2012-01-01

    Most personalized learning systems are designed for either personal computers (e-learning) or mobile devices (m-learning). Our research has resulted in a cloud-based adaptive learning system that incorporates mobile devices into a classroom setting. This system is fully integrated into the formative assessment process and, most importantly,…

  18. A Renaissance of Audio: Podcasting Approaches for Learning on Campus and Beyond

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edirisingha, Palitha; Hawkridge, David; Fothergill, John

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we urge practitioners to consider the potential of podcasting for teaching, learning and assessment. Our perspective is drawn from research on IMPALA (Informal Mobile Podcasting And Learning Adaptation), which showed that there is a range of successful podcasting approaches for students on campus. After briefly surveying the…

  19. Linking Learning Styles and Learning on Mobile Facebook

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Yu-ching

    2015-01-01

    With continued development of related technologies, Web 2.0 has become an important site of learning innovation. In particular, social networking sites such as Facebook, which have become popular, have the potential to function as an educational tool enabling peer feedback, interaction, and learning in a social context. Preparing appropriate…

  20. Theoretical Perspectives on Mobile Language Learning Diaries and Noticing for Learners, Teachers and

    E-print Network

    Bull, Susan

    Theoretical Perspectives on Mobile Language Learning Diaries and Noticing for Learners, Teachers for language learning. We consider: theoretical perspectives drawn from the second language acquisition literature, relating these to the practice of writing language learning diaries; and the potential

  1. Mobile Virtual Laboratory: Learning Digital Design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. Glavinic; Mihael Kukec; S. Ljubic

    2007-01-01

    An important part of learning digital design is the acquisition of knowledge through working experience in a laboratory environment, what will corroborate theoretical knowledge exposed elsewhere (e.g. in lectures, through written exercise solving etc.). This paper describes the foundation of a virtual laboratory available to every student at any moment and regardless of her\\/his whereabouts, following the concepts of universal

  2. Using Mobile-Memo to Support Knowledge Acquisition and Posting-Question in an Mobile Learning Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lan, Yu-Feng; Tsai, Pei-Wei

    2011-01-01

    This study developed a mobile-memo system that supports the knowledge acquisition and posting-question to assist learners' learning in a ML (mobile learning) environment. To understand the effectiveness of our proposed system, the data were collected from the system logs, such as the elements of multimedia used in posting-question and a…

  3. Continuous awareness: A visual mobile approach Cong Chen a

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Kang

    Continuous awareness: A visual mobile approach Cong Chen a , Wenyuan Tao b,n , Kang Zhang b University, China a r t i c l e i n f o Available online 1 August 2013 Keywords: Awareness Mobile visualization Continuous awareness Global software development a b s t r a c t Facing the challenges of global

  4. Vision based Localization of Mobile Robots using Kernel approaches

    E-print Network

    Zell, Andreas

    Vision based Localization of Mobile Robots using Kernel approaches Hashem Tamimi and Andreas Zell (Kernel PCA) in the field of vision based robot localization. Using Kernel PCA we can extract features from the visual scene of a mobile robot. The analysis is applied only to local features so

  5. Mobile Guide System Using Problem-Solving Strategy for Museum Learning: A Sequential Learning Behavioural Pattern Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sung, Y.-T.; Hou, H.-T.; Liu, C.-K.; Chang, K.-E.

    2010-01-01

    Mobile devices have been increasingly utilized in informal learning because of their high degree of portability; mobile guide systems (or electronic guidebooks) have also been adopted in museum learning, including those that combine learning strategies and the general audio-visual guide systems. To gain a deeper understanding of the features and…

  6. Mobile Learning: Geocaching to Learn about Energy Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Mary Annette; Gosman, Derek; Shoemaker, Korbin

    2014-01-01

    The children of "Generation Z"--today's American teens--are digital natives (Prensky, 2001) who have come to expect high-speed Internet service, high-resolution multimedia, and instant communication using wireless mobile technology. Teen ownership of digital devices is at a new high according to national surveys. School…

  7. Graduate Students' Approaches To Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Denzine, Gypsy M.; Pulos, Steven

    2000-01-01

    Extends the literature on learning processes by identifying the motives and learning strategies of Master's- and Doctoral-level students. Finds that some graduate students seem more like undergraduate students in terms of their motives and learning strategies. Students' academic competency cannot be assumed simply as a result of their progression…

  8. Cooperative learning as an approach to pedagogy.

    PubMed

    Nolinske, T; Millis, B

    1999-01-01

    Lecture-based pedagogical approaches cannot adequately prepare students in professional and technical occupational therapy programs. Faculty members in other disciplines are turning to a well-known and well-researched teaching approach called cooperative learning, which is more carefully structured and defined than most other forms of small group learning. Cooperative learning includes several key principles: positive interdependence, individual responsibility, appropriate grouping, group maintenance, cooperative skills, and promotive (interaction) time. This article provides ideas for managing the classroom with cooperative learning activities and describes eight of them: Three-Step Interview, Roundtable, Think-Pair-Share, Structured Problem Solving, Send/Pass-a-Problem, Generic Question Stems, Double Entry Journal, and Dyadic Essay Confrontation. Each activity is applied to content embedded in professional and technical occupational therapy curricula. A cooperative learning approach to evaluating learning is also presented. PMID:9926216

  9. Student use and pedagogical impact of a mobile learning application.

    PubMed

    Teri, Saskia; Acai, Anita; Griffith, Douglas; Mahmoud, Qusay; Ma, David W L; Newton, Genevieve

    2014-01-01

    Mobile learning (m-learning) is a relevant innovation in teaching and learning in higher education. A mobile app called NutriBiochem was developed for use in biochemistry and nutrition education for students in a second year Biochemistry and Metabolism course. NutriBiochem was accessed through smartphones, tablets, or computers. Students were surveyed upon completion of the final exam (n?=?88). Survey questions assessed frequency of use, motivations for use, and perceptions of app usefulness. The pedagogical impact of NutriBiochem was evaluated by measuring the relationship between frequency of use and final course grade. Just over half of the students used the app, and ?80% of users accessed the app moderately or infrequently. Smartphones were the most common device and the preferred device on which to access the app. There were no statistical differences in mean final grade between users and nonusers. Students with higher comfort levels with technology accessed the app more broadly than those with lower level of comfort with technology. Over 75% of students agreed that NutriBiochem was a useful learning tool, but fewer (?45%) felt it helped them perform better in the course. The findings of this study are important, as they suggest that NutriBiochem is an effective study tool for students who are comfortable with technology, and access it regularly. Overall, the use of mobile applications in science education has been shown to be: 1) effective in enhancing students' learning experience; 2) relevant and important as an emergent method of learning given modern pressures facing higher education; and, 3) met with positive student attitudes and perceptions in terms of adopting and using such technology for educational purposes. PMID:24375862

  10. A neural learning classifier system with self-adaptive constructivism for mobile robot control.

    PubMed

    Hurst, Jacob; Bull, Larry

    2006-01-01

    For artificial entities to achieve true autonomy and display complex lifelike behavior, they will need to exploit appropriate adaptable learning algorithms. In this context adaptability implies flexibility guided by the environment at any given time and an open-ended ability to learn appropriate behaviors. This article examines the use of constructivism-inspired mechanisms within a neural learning classifier system architecture that exploits parameter self-adaptation as an approach to realize such behavior. The system uses a rule structure in which each rule is represented by an artificial neural network. It is shown that appropriate internal rule complexity emerges during learning at a rate controlled by the learner and that the structure indicates underlying features of the task. Results are presented in simulated mazes before moving to a mobile robot platform. PMID:16859445

  11. Ubiquitous Mobility with Mobile Phones: A Cultural Ecology for Mobile Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, John; Pachler, Norbert; Bachmair, Ben

    2011-01-01

    This article argues that mobile phones should be viewed as new cultural resources that operate within an individualized, mobile and convergent mass communication; such a recognition facilitates the options for a cultural ecology. A particular challenge here is to find adequate curricular functions in school where the inclusion of these new…

  12. Mobile Learning Initiative Summary of Accomplishments February 1, 2012-June 30, 2012

    E-print Network

    Barrash, Warren

    for desktop capture. 6. Started development and delivered prototypes for mobile apps for testingMobile Learning Initiative Summary of Accomplishments February 1, 2012-June 30, 2012 1. Assessment survey of Mobile Learning sent to faculty and students. Preliminary results compiled. 2. Master

  13. Ubiquitous learning website: Scaffold learners by mobile devices with information-aware techniques

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. D. Chen; C. K. Chang; C. Y. Wang

    2008-01-01

    The portability and immediate communication properties of mobile devices influence the learning processes in interact- ing with peers, accessing resources and transferring data. For example, the short message and browsing functions in a cell phone provide users with timely and adaptive information access. Although many studies of mobile learning indicate the pedagogical potential of mobile devices, the screen size, computational

  14. A Mobile and Web System with Contextual Familiarity and its Effect on Campus English Learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shu-Chen Cheng; Wu-Yuin Hwang; Dun-Wei Wen; Sheng-Yi Wu; Ching-Hua Hsiehe; Chia-Yu Chen

    2010-01-01

    We build a Student-Partner mobile English learning system. We go deep into the campus to do English learning by portable of the mobile. The system offer the GPS function, campus map, camera, messaging, tracking and recording. Students can post the message or add the multimedia which he explore to the device. In the mobile, user can off-line to post the

  15. Cross-Cultural Design of Mobile Mathematics Learning Service for South African Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walsh, Tanja; Vainio, Teija; Varsaluoma, Jari

    2014-01-01

    In the era of mobile devices and services, researchers in the educational domain have been interested in how to support learning with mobile technology in both local and global contexts. Recent human-computer interaction (HCI) research in the educational domain has particularly focused on how to develop mobile learning services and how to evaluate…

  16. Using Mobile Technologies to Create Interwoven Learning Interactions: An Intuitive Design and Its Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ting, Yu-Liang

    2013-01-01

    Numerous studies have proposed and implemented various innovative designs of mobile learning practices, and several pedagogical affordances of mobile technologies in different subject domains have also been suggested. This study proposes a notion for helping instructors design an innovative mobile learning practice in their subject domain. The…

  17. The Use of Mobile Phones to Support Children's Literacy Learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Glenda Revelle; Emily Reardon; Makeda Mays Green; Jeanette Betancourt; Jennifer Kotler

    2007-01-01

    The goal of this study was to develop a mobile-phone based intervention that would encourage parents to engage their children\\u000a in daily literacy-learning activities. The intervention content included text messages for parents, audio messages for parents\\u000a and children, and Sesame Street letter videos for children. Messaging to parents suggested real-world activities that they\\u000a could use to engage their children in

  18. A Flexible Mobile Education System Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baloglu, Arzu

    2007-01-01

    Distance learning is appealing to small business owners, employees, municipalities, state establishments, non-governmental organizations. Distance-learning are ideal for people who have a full-time job or other commitments, who can't take time off to study full time. This might be a professional who needs to update his knowledge or skills, or a…

  19. From E-learning to Mobile Learning: New Opportunities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    MICHELLE PIERI; DAVIDE DIAMANTINI

    This chapter focuses on an experience of blended learning that is still ongoing for the training of managers of Technological Transfer (TT), who work in an Italian Scientifi c Technological Park (STP). Their main activity is linked to tech- nological transfer. In the STP the technological transfer manager is the key fi gure in the management of the transmission of

  20. Optimizing stem cell mobilization: lessons learned.

    PubMed

    Becker, Pamela S

    2014-10-01

    Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor is the pivotal component of mobilization regimens and the growth factor most often used for peripheral blood progenitor cell collections. When used alone or after chemotherapy, products with adequate yields of CD34(+) cells are obtained after leukapheresis, resulting in optimal blood count recovery after transplant. For patients who have had extensive prior treatment with chemotherapy and/or radiation, or treatment with specific agents, the yields may be limited. For these patients, plerixafor in combination with growth factor can be used to augment progenitor cell yield and ensure successful collection of target goals, with preservation of the integrity of the graft. Progenitor cells can similarly be collected by leukapheresis from patients for autologous use and from allogeneic donors, after a period of growth factor administration. Many chemotherapy regimens can be used before growth factor administration that serve a dual role of reducing tumor burden and enhancing the progenitor cell collection. Given modern methods, a high success rate exists for procurement of adequate stem cell products. PMID:25313183

  1. Innovations in Educational System: Mobile Learning Applications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rokhvadze, Roza F.; Yelashkina, Natalya V.

    2013-01-01

    This article presents the analysis of the current changes in the higher educational system of the Russian Federation. The stated issues are accompanied with the advice and possible solutions. Authors offer their own approaches and techniques for the academic staff of higher educational institutions in order to adapt to the new system.

  2. Integration of a Mobile-Integrated Therapy with Electronic Health Records: Lessons Learned

    PubMed Central

    Peeples, Malinda M.; Iyer, Anand K.; Cohen, Joshua L.

    2013-01-01

    Background: Responses to the chronic disease epidemic have predominantly been standardized in their approach to date. Barriers to better health outcomes remain, and effective management requires patient-specific data and disease state knowledge be presented in methods that foster clinical decision-making and patient self-management. Mobile technology provides a new platform for data collection and patient–provider communication. The mobile device represents a personalized platform that is available to the patient on a 24/7 basis. Mobile-integrated therapy (MIT) is the convergence of mobile technology, clinical and behavioral science, and scientifically validated clinical outcomes. In this article, we highlight the lessons learned from functional integration of a Food and Drug Administration-cleared type 2 diabetes MIT into the electronic health record (EHR) of a multiphysician practice within a large, urban, academic medical center. Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with integration stakeholder groups: mobile and EHR software and information technology teams, clinical end users, project managers, and business analysts. Interviews were summarized and categorized into lessons learned using the Architecture for Integrated Mobility® framework. Results: Findings from the diverse stakeholder group of a MIT–EHR integration project indicate that user workflow, software system persistence, environment configuration, device connectivity and security, organizational processes, and data exchange heuristics are key issues that must be addressed. Conclusions: Mobile-integrated therapy that integrates patient self-management data with medical record data provides the opportunity to understand the potential benefits of bidirectional data sharing and reporting that are most valuable in advancing better health and better care in a cost-effective way that is scalable for all chronic diseases. PMID:23759392

  3. Intrigue at the Museum: Facilitating Engagement and Learning through a Location-Based Mobile Game

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xhembulla, Jetmir; Rubino, Irene; Barberis, Claudia; Malnati, Giovanni

    2014-01-01

    The use of portable devices to explore informal learning environments has recently exposed museums to a mobile learning (m-learning) scenario. In particular, location-based mobile applications that take into account not only a specific physical venue, but also the personal and social context can be valuable resources to enhance the visitor…

  4. The Effect of Situated Mobile Learning on Chinese Rhetoric Ability of Elementary School Students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wen-Jen Hsieh; Po-Sheng Chiu; Tzung-Shi Chen; Yueh-Min Huang

    2010-01-01

    This study developed a situated writing mobile learning (SWML) based on situated learning theory. We attempted to realize whether the situated writing via mobile learning activity could improve learners' Chinese rhetoric ability which includes hyperbole, description, repetition, personification, and simile. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to empirically examine the effectiveness of the practice of learners' Chinese rhetoric ability

  5. A Guided Discovery Approach for Learning Glycolysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schultz, Emeric

    1997-01-01

    Argues that more attention should be given to teaching students how to learn the rudiments of specific metabolic pathways. This approach describes a unique way of learning the glycolytic pathway in stepwise fashion. The pedagogy involves clear rote components that are connected to a set of generalizations that develop and enhance important…

  6. Constructivist Learning Approach in Science Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Demirci, Cavide

    2009-01-01

    Constructivism is not a new concept. It has its roots in philosophy and has been applied to sociology and anthropology, as well as cognitive psychology and education. The aim of this research is to reveal if there is a significant difference between the means of achievement and retention learning scores of constructivist learning approach applied…

  7. A Learning Cycle Approach To Introducing Osmosis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawson, Anton E.

    2000-01-01

    Presents an inquiry activity with a learning cycle approach to engage students in testing their own hypotheses about how molecules move through cell membranes. Offers student materials and teacher materials, including teaching tips for each phase of the learning cycle. (Contains 11 references.) (ASK)

  8. A Design of Mobile Application for English Learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chen-Chung Chi; Chin-Hwa Kuo; Kuo-Yang Lin

    2012-01-01

    Learners can listen to music and read the synchronous lyrics using this mobile music playing application. The proposed system will make questions that correspond to lyrics for EFL (English as Foreign Language) learners studying. This approach focuses on retrieving verb-noun collocations and making appropriate questions automatically. BNC (British National Corpus) has been chosen to calculate mutual information to get the

  9. An approach to elemental task learning

    SciTech Connect

    Belmans, P

    1990-01-01

    In this article we deal with the automated learning of tasks by a robotic system through observation of a human operator. Particularly, we explain what is meant by a learning ability in autonomous robots and in teleoperation systems, where several operators and several machines may work in cooperation to perform tasks. We discuss different approaches to learning in these systems and outline the features of the models they are based upon. This leads us to choose an analytical model suited for tasks analysis. We then present the software architecture for our proposed approach and show the first results obtained on sample tests. 5 refs., 9 figs.

  10. Literature on the safe and disruptive learning potential of mobile technologies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tiffany A. Koszalka

    2010-01-01

    Worldwide growth in use of mobile phones has fostered the emergence of mobile learning. Mobile technologies are used both in classrooms to support instruction (safe) and as tools that significantly change instructional activities, learner roles, and learning location (disruptive). Learners become less consumers of information and more collaborators, researchers, and publishers on?the?go (Stead, 2006). Scholarship in m?learning is scarce and

  11. Learning English through Actions: A Study of Mobile-Assisted Language Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Pei-Lin; Chen, Chiu-Jung

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the impact of taking photos using mobile phones on the English phrase-learning performance of English as a second-language learners. A total of 116 students enrolled in a college in Central Taiwan participated in this study. The participants were divided randomly into two groups: a control group and an experimental group…

  12. The Effectiveness of a Meaningful Learning-Based Evaluation Model for Context-Aware Mobile Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, Yueh-Min; Chiu, Po-Sheng

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, context-aware mobile learning (CAML) has been widely applied to various fields and has become a popular issue in educational research. Despite the tremendous potential of CAML and its growing significance, continued evaluations and refinements under the advice of field experts and instructors are crucial to ensure its validity,…

  13. Student Centred Approaches: Teachers' Learning and Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vale, Colleen; Davies, Anne; Weaven, Mary; Hooley, Neil

    2010-01-01

    Student centred approaches to teaching and learning in mathematics is one of the reforms currently being advocated and implemented to improve mathematics outcomes for students from low socio-economic status (SES) backgrounds. The models, meanings and practices of student centred approaches explored in this paper reveal that a constructivist model…

  14. Heutagogy: An alternative practice based learning approach.

    PubMed

    Bhoyrub, John; Hurley, John; Neilson, Gavin R; Ramsay, Mike; Smith, Margaret

    2010-11-01

    Education has explored and utilised multiple approaches in attempts to enhance the learning and teaching opportunities available to adult learners. Traditional pedagogy has been both directly and indirectly affected by andragogy and transformational learning, consequently widening our understandings and approaches toward view teaching and learning. Within the context of nurse education, a major challenge has been to effectively apply these educational approaches to the complex, unpredictable and challenging environment of practice based learning. While not offered as a panacea to such challenges, heutagogy is offered in this discussion paper as an emerging and potentially highly congruent educational framework to place around practice based learning. Being an emergent theory its known conceptual underpinnings and possible applications to nurse education need to be explored and theoretically applied. Through placing the adult learner at the foreground of grasping learning opportunities as they unpredictability emerge from a sometimes chaotic environment, heutagogy can be argued as offering the potential to minimise many of the well published difficulties of coordinating practice with faculty teaching and learning. PMID:20554249

  15. Diversity Learning: A Different Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilcox, Herbert S.; Waagbo, Jean M.

    2001-01-01

    Reports on the Community College of Baltimore County's (Maryland) service learning program for diversity education, which is unique to American community colleges. States that students and faculty members spent two weeks in Belize, establishing a summer camp program for children to develop English skills. Asserts that volunteers benefited from the…

  16. LESSONS LEARNED Biosurveillance Mobile App Development Intern Competition (Summer 2013)

    SciTech Connect

    Noonan, Christine F.; Henry, Michael J.; Corley, Courtney D.

    2014-01-14

    The purpose of the lessons learned document for the BEOWulf Biosurveillance Mobile App Development Intern Competition is to capture the project’s lessons learned in a formal document for use by other project managers on similar future projects. This document may be used as part of new project planning for similar projects in order to determine what problems occurred and how those problems were handled and may be avoided in the future. Additionally, this document details what went well with the project and why, so that other project managers may capitalize on these actions. Project managers may also use this document to determine who the project team members were in order to solicit feedback for planning their projects in the future. This document will be formally communicated with the organization and will become a part of the organizational assets and archives.

  17. Pre-Service English Teachers in Blended Learning Environment in Respect to Their Learning Approaches

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yilmaz, M. Betul; Orhan, Feza

    2010-01-01

    Blended learning environment (BLE) is increasingly used in the world, especially in university degrees and it is based on integrating web-based learning and face-to-face (FTF) learning environments. Besides integrating different learning environments, BLE also addresses to students with different learning approaches. The "learning approach"…

  18. Learning Statics a Foundational Approach

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Boyer, Lawrence

    Statics is a pivotal course, whose concepts serve as the building blocks for future courses in engineering, mechanics of solids and design in particular. There is a common disappointment among many educators in the students abilities to apply the concepts to design/analyze real systems in the subsequent courses. The literature review also points to several innovative teaching pedagogies to alleviate the problems. The authors teaching pedagogy is based on the premise that students learn more effectively when the relevance of the concepts to real world problems and a systematic improvement in their skill set is tactilely, emotionally, and rationally understood. The pedagogy uses five teaching instruments: case studies, short design examples, intelligent formulation problems, concept questions, and work sheets. The paper discusses rationale behind these instruments and its implementation with examples. The results of a student survey indicate that the five instruments had a positive influence on the learning experience.

  19. University Students' Behavioral Intention to Use Mobile Learning: Evaluating the Technology Acceptance Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Park, Sung Youl; Nam, Min-Woo; Cha, Seung-Bong

    2012-01-01

    As many Korean universities have recommended the implementation of mobile learning (m-learning) for various reasons, the number of such tertiary learning opportunities has steadily grown. However, little research has investigated the factors affecting university students' adoption and use of m-learning. A sample of 288 Konkuk university students…

  20. Affordances of mobile technologies for experiential learning: the interplay of technology and pedagogical practices

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chih-Hung Lai; Jie-Chi Yang; Fei Ching Chen; Chin-Wen Ho; Tak-Wai Chan

    2007-01-01

    Experiential learning is the process of creating knowledge through the transformation of expe- rience and has been adopted in an increasing number of areas. This paper investigates the pos- sibility of technological support for experiential learning. A learning activity flow (or script) and a mobile technology system were designed to facilitate students in experiential learning. An experiment was conducted on

  1. Risky Business or Sharing the Load?--Social Flow in Collaborative Mobile Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryu, Hokyoung; Parsons, David

    2012-01-01

    Mobile learning has been built upon the premise that we can transform traditional classroom or computer-based learning activities into a more ubiquitous and connected form of learning. Tentative outcomes from this assertion have been witnessed in many collaborative learning activities, but few analytic observations on what triggers this…

  2. A Mobile English-Chinese\\/Chinese-English Learning System Based on Web Services

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chin-chih Chang

    2007-01-01

    Information technologies have brought a new learn- ing environment. Although learning a language is a challenging task, with the help of electronic devices learning a language could be more ecient. Mobile devices such as cell phones, personal digital assistant (PDA), and pocket PCs made it possible to learn anytime and anywhere. \\

  3. Modeling and Simulation of An Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) for Mobile Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Hmouz, A.; Shen, Jun; Al-Hmouz, R.; Yan, Jun

    2012-01-01

    With recent advances in mobile learning (m-learning), it is becoming possible for learning activities to occur everywhere. The learner model presented in our earlier work was partitioned into smaller elements in the form of learner profiles, which collectively represent the entire learning process. This paper presents an Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy…

  4. Mirror Descent for Metric Learning: A Unified Approach

    E-print Network

    Shavlik, Jude W.

    .1 Problem Setting We wish to learn a Mahalanobis metric d(x, z) over a feature space X Rn . The a unified approach to Mahalanobis metric learning: an online regularized metric learning algo- rithm based approaches to metric learning, a large body of work is focussed on learning the Mahalanobis distance, which

  5. Mobile Medical Education (MoMEd) - how mobile information resources contribute to learning for undergraduate clinical students - a mixed methods study

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Mobile technology is increasingly being used by clinicians to access up-to-date information for patient care. These offer learning opportunities in the clinical setting for medical students but the underlying pedagogic theories are not clear. A conceptual framework is needed to understand these further. Our initial questions were how the medical students used the technology, how it enabled them to learn and what theoretical underpinning supported the learning. Methods 387 medical students were provided with a personal digital assistant (PDA) loaded with medical resources for the duration of their clinical studies. Outcomes were assessed by a mixed-methods triangulation approach using qualitative and quantitative analysis of surveys, focus groups and usage tracking data. Results Learning occurred in context with timely access to key facts and through consolidation of knowledge via repetition. The PDA was an important addition to the learning ecology rather than a replacement. Contextual factors impacted on use both positively and negatively. Barriers included concerns of interrupting the clinical interaction and of negative responses from teachers and patients. Students preferred a future involving smartphone platforms. Conclusions This is the first study to describe the learning ecology and pedagogic basis behind the use of mobile learning technologies in a large cohort of undergraduate medical students in the clinical environment. We have developed a model for mobile learning in the clinical setting that shows how different theories contribute to its use taking into account positive and negative contextual factors. The lessons from this study are transferable internationally, to other health care professions and to the development of similar initiatives with newer technology such as smartphones or tablet computers. PMID:22240206

  6. Encouraging a deep approach to learning through curriculum design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Linda English; Peter Luckett; Rosina Mladenovic

    2004-01-01

    Accounting educators are concerned by research suggesting that accounting students frequently adopt a surface approach to learning given that this approach has been shown to result in undesirable learning outcomes (Eley, 1992; Booth et al., 1999). Despite mixed empirical evidence, the possibility of encouraging students to adopt a deep approach to learning through interventions in the learning context is suggested

  7. Beyond the Yellow Brick Road: Mobile Web 2.0 Informing a New Institutional E-Learning Strategy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cochrane, Thomas D.

    2011-01-01

    Mobile learning (m-learning) has moved beyond the realms of fantasy to become a viable platform for contextual learning that bridges formal and informal learning environments. This paper overviews how mobile Web 2.0 has been instrumental in facilitating pedagogical change and informing an institution's new e-learning strategy that focuses upon…

  8. Beyond the Yellow Brick Road: Mobile Web 2.0 Informing a New Institutional E-Learning Strategy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cochrane, Thomas D.

    2010-01-01

    Mobile learning (m-learning) has moved beyond the realms of fantasy to become a viable platform for contextual learning that bridges formal and informal learning environments. This paper overviews how mobile Web 2.0 has been instrumental in facilitating pedagogical change and informing an institution's new e-learning strategy that focuses upon…

  9. LEARNING HISTORY BY PLAYING A MOBILE CITY GAME JANTINA HUIZENGA1

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    LEARNING HISTORY BY PLAYING A MOBILE CITY GAME JANTINA HUIZENGA1 ; WILFRIED ADMIRAAL1 ; SANNE, The Netherlands s.f.akkerman@uu.nl Abstract: Digital games seem to be excellent tools for facilitating and the effects of mobile game-based learning in secondary education on the development of pupils' engagement

  10. D33.2.2 (Final) Report on literature on mobile learning, science and

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    This report combines: a literature review of work on mobile learning in informal science settings, a reportD33.2.2 (Final) Report on literature on mobile learning, science and collaborative acitivity Main Filename Status Release Changes Uploaded D33-02-02-F.pdf Final 2 Completed 22/12/2005 D33-02-02-F.pdf Final

  11. "UML Quiz": Automatic Conversion of Web-Based E-Learning Content in Mobile Applications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    von Franqué, Alexander; Tellioglu, Hilda

    2014-01-01

    Many educational institutions use Learning Management Systems to provide e-learning content to their students. This often includes quizzes that can help students to prepare for exams. However, the content is usually web-optimized and not very usable on mobile devices. In this work a native mobile application ("UML Quiz") that imports…

  12. Maintaining, Changing and Crossing Contexts: An Activity Theoretic Reinterpretation of Mobile Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wali, Esra; Winters, Niall; Oliver, Martin

    2008-01-01

    Although mobile learning is a popular topic in current research, it is not well conceptualized. Many researchers rely on under-theorized conceptions of the topic, and those who have tried to refine the ideas involved have found this to be complex and difficult. In this paper a new interpretation of the concept "mobile learning" is offered, drawing…

  13. Technical Feasibility of a Mobile Context-Aware (Social) Learning Schedule Framework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yau, Jane Y. K.; Joy, Mike

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to show the technical feasibility of implementing their mobile context-aware learning schedule (mCALS) framework as a software application on a mobile device using current technologies, prior to its actual implementation. This process draws a set of compatible mobile and context-aware technologies at present and can be…

  14. Blackboard Learn Mobile Update as of: 9/20/2012 Vendor has begun charging for use

    E-print Network

    Ginzel, Matthew

    Page | 1 Blackboard Learn Mobile Update as of: 9/20/2012 Vendor has begun charging for use Cautions for use remain in effect NEW: Blackboard Mobile online support resources New: Users must pay for Blackboard Mobile App use Blackboard announced in July that they would begin charging for the Blackboard

  15. Technology Integration: Mobile Devices (iPods), Constructivist Pedagogy, and Student Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keengwe, Jared; Pearson, Donna; Smart, Kathy

    2009-01-01

    Although mobile technology is still evolving with most mobile devices supporting numerous communications and technology standards, there are currently very few applications of these devices to support teaching and learning activities. Integrated appropriately, mobile devices could help students acquire the skills needed to survive in a complex,…

  16. Traffic Theory Approach for Heterogeneous Mobile Communication Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephan Goebbels

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents a new traffic theory based approach for the analysis of heterogeneous wireless communication networks. While traffic theory is widely spread for the analysis of wired networks like the Internet the adaptation of these methods for wireless and especially heterogeneous networks is not yet accomplished. New upcoming mobile communication networks will be ruled by continuously switching radio access

  17. Behavior learning and evolution of collective autonomous mobile robots based on reinforcement learning and distributed genetic algorithms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hyo-Byung Jun; Kwee-Bo Sim

    1997-01-01

    In this paper, we present the reinforcement learning and distributed genetic algorithm based behavior learning of the distributed autonomous mobile robots. The internal reinforcement signal for the reinforcement learning is generated by fuzzy inference, and dynamic recurrent neural networks are used as action generation module. We adopt the distributed genetic algorithms for the cooperative behavior emergence. We show the validity

  18. Trajectory tracking control of omnidirectional wheeled mobile manipulators: robust neural network-based sliding mode approach.

    PubMed

    Xu, Dong; Zhao, Dongbin; Yi, Jianqiang; Tan, Xiangmin

    2009-06-01

    This paper addresses the robust trajectory tracking problem for a redundantly actuated omnidirectional mobile manipulator in the presence of uncertainties and disturbances. The development of control algorithms is based on sliding mode control (SMC) technique. First, a dynamic model is derived based on the practical omnidirectional mobile manipulator system. Then, a SMC scheme, based on the fixed large upper boundedness of the system dynamics (FLUBSMC), is designed to ensure trajectory tracking of the closed-loop system. However, the FLUBSMC scheme has inherent deficiency, which needs computing the upper boundedness of the system dynamics, and may cause high noise amplification and high control cost, particularly for the complex dynamics of the omnidirectional mobile manipulator system. Therefore, a robust neural network (NN)-based sliding mode controller (NNSMC), which uses an NN to identify the unstructured system dynamics directly, is further proposed to overcome the disadvantages of FLUBSMC and reduce the online computing burden of conventional NN adaptive controllers. Using learning ability of NN, NNSMC can coordinately control the omnidirectional mobile platform and the mounted manipulator with different dynamics effectively. The stability of the closed-loop system, the convergence of the NN weight-updating process, and the boundedness of the NN weight estimation errors are all strictly guaranteed. Then, in order to accelerate the NN learning efficiency, a partitioned NN structure is applied. Finally, simulation examples are given to demonstrate the proposed NNSMC approach can guarantee the whole system's convergence to the desired manifold with prescribed performance. PMID:19336336

  19. Mobile G-Portal supporting collaborative sharing and learning in geography fieldwork: an empirical study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yin-Leng Theng; Kuah-li Tan; Ee-peng Lim; Jun Zhang; Dion Hoe-lian Goh; Kalyani Chatterjea; Chew-hung Chang; Aixin Sun; Han Yu; Nam Hai Dang; Yuanyuan Li; Minh Chanh Vo

    2007-01-01

    Integrated with G-Portal, a Web-based geospatial digital library of geography resources, this paper describes the implementation of Mobile G-Portal, a group of mobile devices as learning assistant tools supporting collaborative sharing and learning for geography fieldwork. Based on a modified Technology Acceptance Model and a Task-Technology Fit model, an initial study with Mobile G-Portal was conducted involving 39 students in

  20. 3D tracking in unknown environments using on-line keypoint learning for mobile augmented reality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gerhard Schall; Helmut Grabner; Michael Grabner; Paul Wohlhart; Dieter Schmalstieg; Horst Bischof

    2008-01-01

    In this paper we present a natural feature tracking algorithm based on on-line boosting used for localizing a mobile computer. Mobile augmented reality requires highly accurate and fast six degrees of freedom tracking in order to provide registered graphical overlays to a mobile user. With advances in mobile computer hardware, vision-based tracking approaches have the potential to provide efficient solutions

  1. An Intelligent Location Management approaches in GSM Mobile Network

    E-print Network

    Rao, N Mallikharjuna

    2012-01-01

    Location management refers to the problem of updating and searching the current location of mobile nodes in a wireless network. To make it efficient, the sum of update costs of location database must be minimized. Previous work relying on fixed location databases is unable to fully exploit the knowledge of user mobility patterns in the system so as to achieve this minimization. The study presents an intelligent location management approach which has interacts between intelligent information system and knowledge-base technologies, so we can dynamically change the user patterns and reduce the transition between the VLR and HLR. The study provides algorithms are ability to handle location registration and call delivery

  2. The Contrivance of Mobile Learning: An Actor-Network Perspective on the Emergence of a Research Field

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Decuypere, Mathias; Simons, Maarten; Masschelein, Jan

    2011-01-01

    The ongoing development of mobile devices like cell phones, iPods, PDAs, and so on is seen by an increasing number of educationalists as a chance to focus on a new kind of learning. This mobile learning, as it is called, should enable students to learn while on the move. Rather than giving a genealogy of the use of mobile equipment in education,…

  3. A Weighted Approach to Partial Matching for Mobile Reasoning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Steller, Luke Albert; Krishnaswamy, Shonali; Gaber, Mohamed Methat

    Due to significant improvements in the capabilities of small devices such as PDAs and smart phones, these devices can not only consume but also provide Web Services. The dynamic nature of mobile environment means that users need accurate and fast approaches for service discovery. In order achieve high accuracy semantic languages can be used in conjunction with logic reasoners. Since powerful broker nodes are not always available (due to lack of long range connectivity), create a bottleneck (since mobile devices are all trying to access the same server) and single point of failure (in the case that a central server fails), on-board mobile reasoning must be supported. However, reasoners are notoriously resource intensive and do not scale to small devices. Therefore, in this paper we provide an efficient mobile reasoner which relaxes the current strict and complete matching approaches to support anytime reasoning. Our approach matches the most important request conditions (deemed by the user) first and provides a degree of match and confidence result to the user. We provide a prototype implementation and performance evaluation of our work.

  4. Transformative Learning Approaches for Public Relations Pedagogy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Motion, Judy; Burgess, Lois

    2014-01-01

    Public relations educators are frequently challenged by students' flawed perceptions of public relations. Two contrasting case studies are presented in this paper to illustrate how socially-oriented paradigms may be applied to a real-client project to deliver a transformative learning experience. A discourse-analytic approach is applied…

  5. Bridging the Gaps between Learning and Teaching through Recognition of Students' Learning Approaches: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malie, Senian; Akir, Oriah

    2012-01-01

    Learning approaches, learning methods and learning environments have different effects on students? academic performance. However, they are not the sole factors that impact students? academic achievement. The aims of this research are three-fold: to determine the learning approaches preferred by most students and the impact of the learning

  6. MoViE: Mobile Social Video Sharing Tool for Learning Applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jari Multisilta; A. Perttula; M. Suominen; A. Koivisto

    2010-01-01

    Although video sharing in web is used in learning, most video sharing services are not designed to be used as a learning application. In addition, most of these systems were designed to use via computer and with a web browser. Our solution, MoViE (Mobile Video Experience), is designed to be used in learning applications especially with mobile devices. MoViE is

  7. 3D Tracking in Unknown Environments Using On-Line Keypoint Learning for Mobile Augmented Reality

    E-print Network

    Grabner, Helmut

    overlays to a mobile user. With advances in mobile computer hardware, vision-based tracking approaches have infrastructure data from geospatial databases providing a variety of dynamic visualization styles, like magic

  8. Analysis of the learning context, perceptions of the learning environment and approaches to learning accounting: a longitudinal study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Beverley Jackling

    2005-01-01

    AbstractThis study investigates student approaches to learning over the 3?years of an undergraduate degree course in accounting. The objective of the study was, first, to identify changes in learning approaches over the course duration. Second, the study examined whether any changes in learning approaches were consistent with changes in the context of learning as well as students' perceptions of the

  9. Learning User Models of Mobility-Related Activities Through Instrumented Walking Aids

    E-print Network

    Thrun, Sebastian

    1 Learning User Models of Mobility-Related Activities Through Instrumented Walking Aids Jared a robotic walking aid capable of learning models of users' walking-related activities. Our walker). The main contribution of this paper is an algorithm for learning mod- els of users of the walker

  10. Using Mobile Technologies for Assessment and Learning in Practice Settings: Outcomes of Five Case Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dearnley, Christine; Taylor, Jill; Hennessy, Scott; Parks, Maria; Coates, Catherine; Haigh, Jackie; Fairhall, John; Riley, Kevin; Dransfield, Mark

    2009-01-01

    This article presents the outcomes of the Mobile Technologies Pilot Project for the Assessment and Learning in Practice Settings (ALPS) Centre for Excellence in Teaching and Learning (CETL). ALPS is a partnership of five Higher Education Institutions (HEI) that aims to develop and improve assessment, and thereby learning, in practice settings for…

  11. Mobile-Assisted Second Language Learning: Developing a Learner-Centered Framework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leow, Choy Khim; Yahaya, Wan Ahmad Jaafar Wan; Samsudin, Zarina

    2014-01-01

    The Mobile Assisted Language Learning concept has offered infinite language learning opportunities since its inception 20 years ago. Second Language Acquisition however embraces a considerably different body of knowledge from first language learning. While technological advances have optimized the psycholinguistic environment for language…

  12. Acquiring Mobile Robot Behaviors by Learning Trajectory Velocities with Multiple FAM Matrices

    E-print Network

    Ward, Koren

    1 Acquiring Mobile Robot Behaviors by Learning Trajectory Velocities with Multiple FAM Matrices with robots is Reinforcement Learning (RL). RL has successfully been used to acquire maze navigation behaviors behavior, learning may cease when the robot no longer collides with objects yet the robot may still

  13. Learning Mobile Robot Behaviours by Discovering Associations Between Input Vectors and Trajectory Velocities

    E-print Network

    Ward, Koren

    Learning Mobile Robot Behaviours by Discovering Associations Between Input Vectors and Trajectory in that the robot learns associations between input vectors and trajectory velocities rather than learning one with the environment the robot becomes capable of predicting how fast it should travel along the various trajectories

  14. Using Mobile Peer Mentors for Student Engagement: Student Rovers in the Learning Commons

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tout, Dan; Pancini, Geri; McCormack, Rob

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents findings from a 2010 evaluation of Victoria University's Student Rover program, an on-campus work-based learning program in which mobile student mentors are employed and deployed within the university's Learning Commons to provide "just-in-time" and "just-in-place" learning support to other…

  15. Structuring and Regulating Collaborative Learning in Higher Education with Wireless Networks and Mobile Tools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jarvela, Sanna; Naykki, Piia; Laru, Jari; Luokkanen, Tiina

    2007-01-01

    In our recent research we have explored possibilities to scaffold collaborative learning in higher education with wireless networks and mobile tools. The pedagogical ideas are grounded on concepts of collaborative learning, including the socially shared origin of cognition, as well as self-regulated learning theory. This paper presents our three…

  16. Affordances of Mobile Technologies for Experiential Learning: The Interplay of Technology and Pedagogical Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lai, Chih-Hung; Yang, J.-C.; Chen, F.-C.; Ho, C.-W.; Chan, T.-W.

    2007-01-01

    Experiential learning is the process of creating knowledge through the transformation of experience and has been adopted in an increasing number of areas. This paper investigates the possibility of technological support for experiential learning. A learning activity flow (or script) and a mobile technology system were designed to facilitate…

  17. Intercultural Competencies: What Students in Study and Placement Mobility Should Be Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Messelink, H. E.; Van Maele, J.; Spencer-Oatey, H.

    2015-01-01

    When promoting intercultural learning in the context of study and placement mobility, intercultural educators are specifying what students should be learning. Research not only confirms the genuine impact of real-life intercultural contact on intercultural learning, but also shows how this impact can be enhanced through institutional support and…

  18. Mobile Learning in Maths Teacher Education: Using iPads to Support Pre-Service Teachers' Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kearney, Matthew; Maher, Damian

    2013-01-01

    An emerging body of literature explores mobile learning in teacher education contexts. A common theme is the facilitation of collaborative, authentic professional learning experiences, often leveraged by the immediate and spontaneous nature of learning in informal settings. This paper takes a snapshot of current developments with mobile learning

  19. Approaching the Limit of Predictability in Human Mobility

    PubMed Central

    Lu, Xin; Wetter, Erik; Bharti, Nita; Tatem, Andrew J.; Bengtsson, Linus

    2013-01-01

    In this study we analyze the travel patterns of 500,000 individuals in Cote d'Ivoire using mobile phone call data records. By measuring the uncertainties of movements using entropy, considering both the frequencies and temporal correlations of individual trajectories, we find that the theoretical maximum predictability is as high as 88%. To verify whether such a theoretical limit can be approached, we implement a series of Markov chain (MC) based models to predict the actual locations visited by each user. Results show that MC models can produce a prediction accuracy of 87% for stationary trajectories and 95% for non-stationary trajectories. Our findings indicate that human mobility is highly dependent on historical behaviors, and that the maximum predictability is not only a fundamental theoretical limit for potential predictive power, but also an approachable target for actual prediction accuracy. PMID:24113276

  20. Mobile Assisted Language Learning in University EFL Courses in Japan: Developing Attitudes and Skills for Self-Regulated Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kondo, Mutsumi; Ishikawa, Yasushige; Smith, Craig; Sakamoto, Kishio; Shimomura, Hidenori; Wada, Norihisa

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports a project in which researchers at universities in Japan explored the use of Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALL) practices by developing a learning module intended to help improve students' scores on the TOEIC Listening and Reading Tests. MALL practices are currently being developed at universities in Japan because almost…

  1. Developing a mobile learning solution for health and social care practice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. D. Taylor; C. A. Dearnley; J. C. Laxton; C. A. Coates; R. Campbell; I. Hall

    2010-01-01

    In this article we share our experiences of a large?scale five?year innovative programme to introduce mobile learning into health and social care (H&SC) practice placement learning and assessment that bridges the divide between the university classroom and the practice setting in which these students learn. The outputs are from the Assessment & Learning in Practice Settings (ALPS) Centre for Excellence

  2. Improving students' learning approaches through intervention in an information systems learning environment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chris Cope; Lorraine Staehr

    2005-01-01

    A study is reported which aimed to improve the proportion of students using aspects of deep learning approaches in an undergraduate information systems (IS) subject. Underlying the study was relational learning research, which identified learning environment factors more likely to be perceived by students who adopted deep learning approaches. These factors were used to design, and refine over five years,

  3. Cervical spine mobility analysis on radiographs: a fully automatic approach.

    PubMed

    Lecron, Fabian; Benjelloun, Mohammed; Mahmoudi, Saďd

    2012-12-01

    Conventional X-ray radiography remains nowadays the most common method to analyze spinal mobility in two dimensions. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to develop a framework dedicated to the fully automatic cervical spine mobility analysis on X-ray images. To this aim, we propose an approach based on three main steps: fully automatic vertebra detection, vertebra segmentation and angular measurement. The accuracy of the method was assessed for a total of 245 vertebrć. For the vertebra detection, we proposed an adapted version of two descriptors, namely Scale-invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) and Speeded-up Robust Features (SURF), coupled with a multi-class Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier. Vertebrć are successfully detected in 89.8% of cases and it is demonstrated that SURF slightly outperforms SIFT. The Active Shape Model approach was considered as a segmentation procedure. We observed that a statistical shape model specific to the vertebral level improves the results. Angular errors of cervical spine mobility are presented. We showed that these errors remain within the inter-operator variability of the reference method. PMID:22981777

  4. Approaches to learning and study orchestrations in high school students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Francisco Cano

    2007-01-01

    In the framework of the SAL (Students’ approaches to learning) poosition, the learning experience (approaches to learning\\u000a and study orchestrations) of 572 high school students was explored, examining its interrelationships with some personal and\\u000a familial variables. Three major results emerged. First, links were found between family’s intellectual climate and students’\\u000a approaches to learning, in particular with Deep appraoch: The better

  5. The development of approaches to learning of student teachers with different 'study approach-profiles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gert VANTHOURNOUT

    Research indicates that inciting a deep approach to learning in all students is far from obvious. To gain more insight in the development of students' approaches to learning, the idea of 'study approach profiles', conceptualised as 'similar patterns in approaches to learning adopted by subgroups of students', is explored. This study therefore aims at answering the following questions: (RQ1) Do

  6. Learning-Enforced Time Domain Routing to Mobile Sinks in Wireless Sensor Fields

    E-print Network

    Krishnamachari, Bhaskar

    Learning-Enforced Time Domain Routing to Mobile Sinks in Wireless Sensor Fields Pritam Baruah-Systems University of Southern California Los Angeles, CA 90089 baruah, urgaonka, bkrishna@usc.edu Abstract We

  7. The Flexible Learning Approach to Physics (FLAP)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lambourne, R. J.; Tinker, M. H.; Windsor, S. A.

    1997-03-01

    The Flexible Learning Approach to Physics (FLAP) is an extensive, high quality, supported self-study teaching resource, developed on behalf of the whole UK university sector. FLAP addresses the twin problems of an increasing diversity of intake into physics degree courses and their decreasing familiarity with the use of mathematics in a physical context. It has been developed over a three year period, funded (1M) by the UK Higher Education Funding Councils. It offers a new approach to the teaching of physics and its associated mathematics. FLAP includes 83 free-standing modules of physics and mathematics, ranging from pre-university level to some point within the first or second year of a physics or engineering degree course. Its range also makes it useful at upper high school level. It presents an integrated approach to physics and mathematics, introducing mathematics within a physical context, where possible, and sharing a common notation with the physics. FLAP includes about 2500 pages of text, with video, audio and CAL support and has a Tutor Guide with an electronic question bank of about 1700 questions and solutions. A feature of the resource is that the modular text is photocopiable by departments for their own students, giving maximum flexibility of use. Physics departments can use this as they choose, to support their present courses or to create new courses of their own design. The FLAP self-study teaching style encourages active learning and gives students more ownership of this learning. Field trials show that it can increase student self-motivation and its style is welcomed. It offers gains in the quality and efficiency of teaching and learning and is expected to make a considerable impact wherever teaching quality has to be maintained or improved, particularly with reducing staff resources. FLAP is now being made available world-wide.

  8. Simultaneous Learning of Motion and Sensor Model Parameters for Mobile Robots

    E-print Network

    Shelton, Christian R.

    Simultaneous Learning of Motion and Sensor Model Parameters for Mobile Robots Teddy N. Yap, Jr in current algorithms for mobile robot localization and map- ping. These models are typically provided and the operator's knowledge and experience with the robot and its operating environment. In this paper, we

  9. Simultaneous Learning of Motion and Sensor Model Parameters for Mobile Robots

    E-print Network

    Shelton, Christian R.

    Simultaneous Learning of Motion and Sensor Model Parameters for Mobile Robots Teddy N. Yap, Jr in current algorithms for mobile robot localization and map­ ping. These models are typically provided and the operator's knowledge and experience with the robot and its operating environment. In this paper, we

  10. Development of a Cross-Platform Ubiquitous Language Learning Service via Mobile Phone and Interactive Television

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fallahkhair, Sanaz; Pemberton, L.; Griffiths, R.

    2007-01-01

    This paper describes the development processes for a cross-platform ubiquitous language learning service via interactive television (iTV) and mobile phone. Adapting a learner-centred design methodology, a number of requirements were gathered from multiple sources that were subsequently used in TAMALLE (television and mobile phone assisted language…

  11. Mobile English Learning: An Evidence-Based Study with Fifth Graders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sandberg, Jacobijn; Maris, Marinus; de Geus, Kaspar

    2011-01-01

    Three groups participated in a study on the added value of mobile technology for learning English as a second language for primary school students. The first group had classroom lessons in English about zoo animals and their characteristics. The second group took classroom lessons and worked with a mobile application on location in a public zoo.…

  12. A Mobile Service Oriented Multiple Object Tracking Augmented Reality Architecture for Education and Learning Experiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rattanarungrot, Sasithorn; White, Martin; Newbury, Paul

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes the design of our service-oriented architecture to support mobile multiple object tracking augmented reality applications applied to education and learning scenarios. The architecture is composed of a mobile multiple object tracking augmented reality client, a web service framework, and dynamic content providers. Tracking of…

  13. Offline web application and quiz synchronization for e-learning activity for mobile browser

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Royyana M. Ijtihadie; Yoshifumi Chisaki; Tsuyoshi Usagawa; H. B. Cahyo; Achmad Affandi

    2010-01-01

    Rapid growing of internet applications and users has led the improvement of mobile web browser technology and standards such as HTML5. Recently, HTML5 is turning to be a de facto standard after some of its features has been implemented in major mobile web browsers. Moodle as a web based Learning Management System (LMS) has been popular in academic environment for

  14. Mobile English learning: An evidence-based study with fifth graders

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jacobijn Sandberg; Marinus Maris; Kaspar de Geus

    2011-01-01

    Three groups participated in a study on the added value of mobile technology for learning English as a second language for primary school students. The first group had classroom lessons in English about zoo animals and their characteristics. The second group took classroom lessons and worked with a mobile application on location in a public zoo. The third group received

  15. Students' Attitudes and Perceptions towards the Effectiveness of Mobile Learning in King Saud University, Saudi Arabia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Fahad, Fahad N.

    2009-01-01

    The main aim of this research study is to better understand and measure students' attitudes and perceptions towards the effectiveness of mobile learning. This paper reports on the results of a survey of one hundred eighty six undergraduate female students at King Saud University about their attitude and perception to the use of mobile technology…

  16. A Context-Based Cyber Foraging Approach to Mobile Computing Empowerment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Somayeh Kafaie; Omid Kashefi; Mohsen Sharifi

    \\u000a Nowadays mobile devices are very popular and users expect to run the same applications on mobile devices as onstatic computers.\\u000a However, these devices oftenhave lower performance than static computers that is due to the constraints imposed on mobile\\u000a devicesby weight, size, and mobility. Cyber foraging approaches have tried to amelioratethe lower performance of mobile devices\\u000a by exploiting more powerful static

  17. HAWAII: A Domain-based Approach for Supporting Mobility in Wide-Area Wireless Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ramachandran Ramjee; Thomas F. La Porta; Sandra R. Thuel; Kannan Varadhan; Shie Yuan Wang

    1999-01-01

    Mobile-IP is the current standard for supporting macro- mobility of mobile hosts. However, in the case of micro- mobility support, there are several competing proposals. In this paper, we present the design, implementation, and per- formance evaluation of HAWAII: a domain-based approach for supporting mobility. HAWAII uses specialized path setup schemes which install host-based forwarding entries in specific routers to

  18. Machine Learning Approaches to Biological Sequence and Phenotype Data Analysis

    E-print Network

    Bonner, Anthony

    Machine Learning Approaches to Biological Sequence and Phenotype Data Analysis by Renqiang Min, I presented novel machine learning algorithms to reveal the underlying mechanisms of how genes on Kernel Support Vector Machines (SVMs), I proposed learned random-walk kernel and learned empirical

  19. A MACHINE LEARNING APPROACH TO BIOCHEMICAL REACTION RULES DISCOVERY

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A MACHINE LEARNING APPROACH TO BIOCHEMICAL REACTION RULES DISCOVERY Laurence Calzone, Nathalie it possible to use machine learning techniques for completing or correcting biological models semi-automatically. Machine learning from tem- poral logic formulae is quite new however, both from the machine learning

  20. Professional Development for Cooperative Learning. Issues and Approaches.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brody, Celeste M., Ed.; Davidson, Neil, Ed.

    This book describes approaches to professional development for cooperative learning and how the use of cooperative learning for teacher learning is leading to new insights into professional growth in schools. Part 1, "Begin with the Teacher: Focusing Professional Development for Cooperative Learning," offers "Introduction: Professional…

  1. DUOL: A Double Updating Approach for Online Learning

    E-print Network

    Jin, Rong

    DUOL: A Double Updating Approach for Online Learning Peilin Zhao School of Comp. Eng. Nanyang Tech, MI, 48824 rongjin@cse.msu.edu Abstract In most online learning algorithms, the weights assigned online learning method, termed Double Updating Online Learning, or DUOL for short. Instead of only

  2. Approaches to Learning and Study Orchestrations in High School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cano, Francisco

    2007-01-01

    In the framework of the SAL (Students' approaches to learning) position, the learning experience (approaches to learning and study orchestrations) of 572 high school students was explored, examining its interrelationships with some personal and familial variables. Three major results emerged. First, links were found between family's intellectual…

  3. Digital Games and Learning in Cyberspace: a dialogical approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ANDREW RAVENSCROFT; SIMON MCALISTER

    2006-01-01

    Currently there is considerable enthusiasm for exploring how we can apply digital gaming paradigms to learning. But these approaches are often weak in linking the game-playing activity to transferable social or conceptual processes and skills that constitute, or are related to, learning. In contrast, this article describes a 'dialogue game' approach to learning in cyberspace related to Wittgenstein's notion of

  4. A Conceptual Analysis on the Approaches to Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ak, Serife

    2008-01-01

    The concept of approach to learning was first identified by Marton and Saljo in 1976. Numerous researchers have conducted studies on students' approaches to learning since 1976. There appears considerable confusion in the literature concerning the terms cognitive styles and learning styles. Therefore, there is a remarkable ambiguity about the…

  5. Integrating Adult Learning and Technologies for Effective Education: Strategic Approaches

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Victor C. X.

    2010-01-01

    As adult learners and educators pioneer the use of technology in the new century, attention has been focused on developing strategic approaches to effectively integrate adult learning and technology in different learning environments. "Integrating Adult Learning and Technologies for Effective Education: Strategic Approaches" provides innovative…

  6. Mobile payments : what we can learn from the past

    E-print Network

    Priso, Gladys (Gladys Emilie)

    2006-01-01

    Over the last decade, there has been a proliferation of mobile payments systems (MPS). Close to 150 MPS currently exist in the world according to the Bank for International Settlement records (BIS). Mobile payments (MP) ...

  7. Reinforcement learning for a vision based mobile robot

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chris Gaskett; Luke Fletcher; Alexander Zelinsky

    2000-01-01

    Reinforcement learning systems improve behaviour based on scalar rewards from a critic. In this work vision based behaviours, servoing and wandering, are learned through a Q-learning method which handles continuous states and actions. There is no requirement for camera calibration, an actuator model, or a knowledgeable teacher. Learning through observing the actions of other behaviours improves learning speed. Experiments were

  8. Maximizing Exposure Therapy: An Inhibitory Learning Approach

    PubMed Central

    Craske, Michelle G.; Treanor, Michael; Conway, Chris; Zbozinek, Tomislav; Vervliet, Bram

    2014-01-01

    Exposure therapy is an effective approach for treating anxiety disorders, although a substantial number of individuals fail to benefit or experience a return of fear after treatment. Research suggests that anxious individuals show deficits in the mechanisms believed to underlie exposure therapy, such as inhibitory learning. Targeting these processes may help improve the efficacy of exposure-based procedures. Although evidence supports an inhibitory learning model of extinction, there has been little discussion of how to implement this model in clinical practice. The primary aim of this paper is to provide examples to clinicians for how to apply this model to optimize exposure therapy with anxious clients, in ways that distinguish it from a ‘fear habituation’ approach and ‘belief disconfirmation’ approach within standard cognitive-behavior therapy. Exposure optimization strategies include 1) expectancy violation, 2) deepened extinction, 3) occasional reinforced extinction, 4) removal of safety signals, 5) variability, 6) retrieval cues, 7) multiple contexts, and 8) affect labeling. Case studies illustrate methods of applying these techniques with a variety of anxiety disorders, including obsessive-compulsive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, social phobia, specific phobia, and panic disorder. PMID:24864005

  9. Course Management Systems and Blended Learning: An Innovative Learning Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chou, Amy Y.; Chou, David C.

    2011-01-01

    This article utilizes Rogers' innovation-decision process model (2003) and Beckman and Berry's innovation process model (2007) to create an innovative learning map that illustrates three learning methods (i.e., face-to-face learning, online learning, and blended learning) in two types of innovation (i.e., incremental innovation and radical…

  10. Learner Performance in Multimedia Learning Arrangements: An Analysis Across Instructional Approaches

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tessa S. Eysink; Ton de Jong; Kirsten Berthold; Bas Kolloffel; Maria Opfermann; Pieter Wouters

    2009-01-01

    In this study, the authors compared four multimedia learning arrangements differing in instructional approach on effectiveness and efficiency for learning: (a) hypermedia learning, (b) observational learning, (c) self-explanation-based learning, and (d) inquiry learning. The approaches all advocate learners' active attitude toward the learning material but show differences in the specific learning processes they intend to foster. Learning results were measured

  11. A social networking approach for mobile innovation in emerging countries

    E-print Network

    Yang, Jen-Hao, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01

    Addressing the global challenges and the next billion mobile subscribers, the MIT NextLab course engages students, industry partners, entrepreneurs and the next billion mobile subscribers to develop innovative mobile ...

  12. Mobile agent in the intelligent space which can learn human walking behavior

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter T. Szemes; Takeshi Sasaki; Hideki Hashimoto

    2005-01-01

    The knowledge of human walking behavior has primary importance for mobile agent in order to operate in the human shared space, with minimal disturbance of other humans. This paper introduces such an observation and learning framework, which can acquire the human walking behavior from observation of human walking, using CCD cameras of the intelligent space. The proposed behavior learning framework

  13. Using Mobile Communication Technology in High School Education: Motivation, Pressure, and Learning Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rau, Pei-Luen Patrick; Gao, Qin; Wu, Li-Mei

    2008-01-01

    Motivation and pressure are considered two factors impacting vocational senior high school student learning. New communication technology, especially mobile communication technology, is supposed to be effective in encouraging interaction between the student and the instructor and improving learning efficiency. Social presence and information…

  14. Application of the 5E Instructional Model to a Mobile Learning Environment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Veronica McGowan

    The issue of how to incorporate the convenience of a mobile learning environment into educational instruction is a concern for institutions trying to incorporate unique learning opportunities as well as attempting to meet the needs of a student body with increasingly diverse attendance patterns. Since students have demonstrated a commitment to their technological devices, teachers would be wise to take

  15. An Autonomous Mobile Agent-Based Distributed Learning Architecture: A Proposal and Analytical Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahmed, Iftikhar; Sadeq, Muhammad Jafar

    2006-01-01

    Current distance learning systems are increasingly packing highly data-intensive contents on servers, resulting in the congestion of network and server resources at peak service times. A distributed learning system based on faded information field (FIF) architecture that employs mobile agents (MAs) has been proposed and simulated in this work. The…

  16. Mobile Learning for Expanding Educational Opportunities Workshop Report (Tokyo, Japan, May 16-20, 2005)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meleisea, Ellie, Ed.

    2005-01-01

    The International Workshop on Mobile Learning for Expanding Educational Opportunities was held 16-20 May 2005 in Tokyo, Japan. Jointly organized by the Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI) and UNESCO, speakers came from both the private and public sector. The key objective was to highlight the benefits of m-learning; and to provide specific…

  17. Integrating User Interface and Personal Innovativeness into the TAM for Mobile Learning in Cyber University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joo, Young Ju; Lee, Hyeon Woo; Ham, Yookyoung

    2014-01-01

    This study aims to add new variables, namely user interface, personal innovativeness, and satisfaction in learning, to Davis's technology acceptance model and also examine whether learners are willing to adopt mobile learning. Thus, this study attempted to explain the structural causal relationships among user interface, personal…

  18. Defining a Set of Architectural Requirements for Service-Oriented Mobile Learning Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Filho, Nemésio Freitas Duarte; Barbosa, Ellen Francine

    2014-01-01

    Even providing several benefits and facilities with regard to teaching and learning, mobile learning environments present problems and challenges that must be investigated, especially with respect to the definition and standardization of architectural aspects. Most of these environments are still built in isolation, with particular structures and…

  19. Learning Chinese Characters via Mobile Technology in a Primary School Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lu, Jie; Meng, Sue; Tam, Vincent

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes a project, including the design, development, and use of a mobile application (referred to as application hereafter) for learning Chinese as a second language in a bilingual primary school. The application was designed for iPod Touch Apple technology with the purpose to facilitate learning of a fundamental set of 200 Chinese…

  20. Examining the Influence of a Mobile Learning Intervention on Third Grade Math Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kiger, Derick; Herro, Dani; Prunty, Deb

    2012-01-01

    Third grade students at a Midwestern elementary school participated in a 9-week mobile learning intervention (MLI). Two classrooms used Everyday Math and daily practice using flashcards, etc., to learn multiplication. Two other classrooms used Everyday Math and web applications for the iPod touch for daily practice. MLI students outperformed…

  1. Fashion Variations: student approaches to learning in fashion design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Linda Drew

    2002-01-01

    This paper investigates the qualitatively different ways that students approach their learning in the context of first and second year fashion design courses. The central aim of the study is to explore the variation in fashion design students' approaches to learning. The focus on variation suggests that these approaches are best explored with a phenomenographic study. Fashion design students in

  2. An Incremental Concept Formation Approach for Learning from Databases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert Godin; Rokia Missaoui

    1994-01-01

    Godin, R. and R. Missaoui, An incremental concept formation approach for learning from databases, Theoretical Computer Science 133 (1994) 3533385. This paper describes a concept formation approach to the discovery of new concepts and implica- tion rules from data. This machine learning approach is based on the Galois lattice theory, and starts from a binary relation between a set of

  3. Geotechnical Physical Modeling for Education: Learning Theory Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph Wartman

    2006-01-01

    As physical modeling sees increasing use in geotechnical engineering education, there is a need for a strategic approach for integrating this powerful simulation technique into courses in a way that ensures the greatest benefit for students. For this reason, a learning theory approach, which recognizes the natural learning cycle of students, has been developed. The approach is based on a

  4. Computational approaches to motor learning by imitation.

    PubMed Central

    Schaal, Stefan; Ijspeert, Auke; Billard, Aude

    2003-01-01

    Movement imitation requires a complex set of mechanisms that map an observed movement of a teacher onto one's own movement apparatus. Relevant problems include movement recognition, pose estimation, pose tracking, body correspondence, coordinate transformation from external to egocentric space, matching of observed against previously learned movement, resolution of redundant degrees-of-freedom that are unconstrained by the observation, suitable movement representations for imitation, modularization of motor control, etc. All of these topics by themselves are active research problems in computational and neurobiological sciences, such that their combination into a complete imitation system remains a daunting undertaking-indeed, one could argue that we need to understand the complete perception-action loop. As a strategy to untangle the complexity of imitation, this paper will examine imitation purely from a computational point of view, i.e. we will review statistical and mathematical approaches that have been suggested for tackling parts of the imitation problem, and discuss their merits, disadvantages and underlying principles. Given the focus on action recognition of other contributions in this special issue, this paper will primarily emphasize the motor side of imitation, assuming that a perceptual system has already identified important features of a demonstrated movement and created their corresponding spatial information. Based on the formalization of motor control in terms of control policies and their associated performance criteria, useful taxonomies of imitation learning can be generated that clarify different approaches and future research directions. PMID:12689379

  5. Adaptive Sampling for Learning Gaussian Processes Using Mobile Sensor Networks

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Yunfei; Choi, Jongeun

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a novel class of self-organizing sensing agents that adaptively learn an anisotropic, spatio-temporal Gaussian process using noisy measurements and move in order to improve the quality of the estimated covariance function. This approach is based on a class of anisotropic covariance functions of Gaussian processes introduced to model a broad range of spatio-temporal physical phenomena. The covariance function is assumed to be unknown a priori. Hence, it is estimated by the maximum a posteriori probability (MAP) estimator. The prediction of the field of interest is then obtained based on the MAP estimate of the covariance function. An optimal sampling strategy is proposed to minimize the information-theoretic cost function of the Fisher Information Matrix. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness and the adaptability of the proposed scheme. PMID:22163785

  6. Mobile Learning vs. Traditional Classroom Lessons: A Comparative Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Furió, D.; Juan, M.-C.; Seguí, I.; Vivó, R.

    2015-01-01

    Different methods can be used for learning, and they can be compared in several aspects, especially those related to learning outcomes. In this paper, we present a study in order to compare the learning effectiveness and satisfaction of children using an iPhone game for learning the water cycle vs. the traditional classroom lesson. The iPhone game…

  7. The deep approach to learning: analytic abstraction and idiosyncratic development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Velda McCune; Noel Entwistle

    This paper summarises previous research into approaches to learning and studying before reporting a small-scale longitudinal interview study of first-year psychology students' approaches. This qualitative investigation looked in depth at how students tackled their learning within a single discipline, and created fine-grained categories to describe their approaches. Few students showed marked, overall changes in their learning, although many did make

  8. Distributed Learning versus Information Sharing in the Smart Grid: A Learning Game Approach

    E-print Network

    Distributed Learning versus Information Sharing in the Smart Grid: A Learning Game Approach Hélčne.bedo@orange.com Abstract In this article, the smart grid is modeled as a decentralized and hierarchical network, made: Distributed Learning; Information; Regret; Learning Game Theory 1 Introduction Smart grids are networks

  9. Learning styles in the classroom: approaches to enhance student motivation and learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Teresa Larkin; Dan Budny

    2005-01-01

    A growing body of research suggests that increased learning gains can be achieved with college students when instruction is designed with learning styles in mind. In addition, several practitioners within the domains of science and engineering education have noted the importance of embedding a learning style approach within a variety of teaching strategies. Furthermore, attention to learning styles and learner

  10. Students' Questions: Building a Bridge between Kolb's Learning Styles and Approaches to Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Jesus, Helena T. Pedrosa; Almeida, Patricia Albergaria; Teixeira-Dias, Jose Joaquim; Watts, Mike

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify the types of questions that students ask during the learning of chemistry; discuss the role of students' questions in the process of constructing knowledge, and investigate the relationship between students' questions, approaches to learning, and learning styles. Design/methodology/approach: The…

  11. Do Learning Approaches of Medical Students Affect Their Satisfaction with Problem-Based Learning?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gurpinar, Erol; Kulac, Esin; Tetik, Cihat; Akdogan, Ilgaz; Mamakli, Sumer

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this research was to determine the satisfaction of medical students with problem-based learning (PBL) and their approaches to learning to investigate the effect of learning approaches on their levels of satisfaction. The study group was composed of medical students from three different universities, which apply PBL at different levels…

  12. Success Factors in Mobile Viral Marketing: A Multi-Case Study Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dietmar Georg Wiedemann

    2007-01-01

    A prior study showed that mobile viral marketing is an important issue of mobile marketing. Using a multi- case study research approach, we introduce a typology of four standard types of mobile viral marketing and extract eight success factors for this new form of marketing. As a final step, we structure the relationship between both, showing success factors' significance in

  13. Abstract--Motivated learning is a new machine learning approach that extends reinforcement learning idea to dynamically changing,

    E-print Network

    Tan, Ah-Hwee

    Abstract--Motivated learning is a new machine learning approach that extends reinforcement learning of defining its own objectives and learns to satisfy them though an internal reward system. The machine for intelligent autonomous machine operation in developmental robotics. I. INTRODUCTION RTIFICIAL neural networks

  14. LeZi-update: an information-theoretic approach to track mobile users in PCS networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Amiya Bhattacharya; Sajal K. Das

    1999-01-01

    The complexity of the mobility tracking problem in a cellular environment has been characterized under an information- theoretic framework. Shannon's entropy measure is iden- tified as a basis for comparing user mobility models. By building and maintaining a dictionary of individual user's path updates (as opposed to the widely used location up- dates), the proposed adaptive on-line algorithm can learn

  15. Approach to Learning of Sub-Degree Students in Hong Kong

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chan, Yiu Man; Chan, Christine Mei Sheung

    2010-01-01

    The learning approaches and learning experiences of 404 sub-degree students were assessed by using a Study Process Questionnaire and a Learning Experience Questionnaire. While the learning approaches in this study meant whether students used a deep learning or surface learning approach, the learning experiences referred to students' perceptions…

  16. Distributed Reinforcement Learning Approach for Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Celimuge; Kumekawa, Kazuya; Kato, Toshihiko

    In Vehicular Ad hoc Networks (VANETs), general purpose ad hoc routing protocols such as AODV cannot work efficiently due to the frequent changes in network topology caused by vehicle movement. This paper proposes a VANET routing protocol QLAODV (Q-Learning AODV) which suits unicast applications in high mobility scenarios. QLAODV is a distributed reinforcement learning routing protocol, which uses a Q-Learning algorithm to infer network state information and uses unicast control packets to check the path availability in a real time manner in order to allow Q-Learning to work efficiently in a highly dynamic network environment. QLAODV is favored by its dynamic route change mechanism, which makes it capable of reacting quickly to network topology changes. We present an analysis of the performance of QLAODV by simulation using different mobility models. The simulation results show that QLAODV can efficiently handle unicast applications in VANETs.

  17. Supporting Organisational Learning: An Overview of the ENRICH Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mulholland, Paul; Domingue, John; Zdrahal, Zdenek; Hatala, Marek

    2000-01-01

    Explains the ENRICH approach to learning that merges theory and practice for industrial settings. Incorporates learning theories at the individual, group, and organizational level for knowledge construction and discusses four types of learning: reflection in action with semantically related resources, domain construction, community of practice…

  18. Approaches of Inquiry Learning With Multimedia Resources in Primary Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    So, Wing-Mui Winnie; Kong, Siu-Cheung

    2007-01-01

    This study aims to examine the design of approaches for inquiry learning with multimedia resources in primary classrooms. The study describes the development of a multimedia learning unit that helps learners understand the natural phenomenon of the movement of the Earth. An analysis of the use of the multimedia learning unit by a teacher in two…

  19. A Learned-Behavior Approach to Management Skill Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunt, James G.; Sorenson, Ritch L.

    2001-01-01

    A learned-behavior approach to competency-based management education involves (1) learning and role plying of micro skills; (2) observing, critiquing, and reflecting on use of micro skills; (3) application in real situations; and (4) analysis of application. Micro skills components and inductive learning of behavior provide a useful foundation for…

  20. Demarcating Advanced Learning Approaches from Methodological and Technological Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horvath, Imre; Peck, David; Verlinden, Jouke

    2009-01-01

    In the field of design and engineering education, the fast and expansive evolution of information and communication technologies is steadily converting traditional learning approaches into more advanced ones. Facilitated by Broadband (high bandwidth) personal computers, distance learning has developed into web-hosted electronic learning. The…

  1. A MACHINE LEARNING APPROACH TO THE IDENTIFICATION OF

    E-print Network

    Mitkov, Ruslan

    A MACHINE LEARNING APPROACH TO THE IDENTIFICATION OF TRANSLATIONAL LANGUAGE: AN INQUIRY INTO TRANSLATIONESE LEARNING MODELS Iustina-Narcisa Ilisei A thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of Descriptive Translation Studies, by investigating the nature of translational language from a machine learning

  2. Edu-mining: A Machine Learning Approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Srimani, P. K.; Patil, Malini M.

    2011-12-01

    Mining Educational data is an emerging interdisciplinary research area that mainly deals with the development of methods to explore the data stored in educational institutions. The educational data is referred as Edu-DATA. Queries related to Edu-DATA are of practical interest as SQL approach is insufficient and needs to be focused in a different way. The paper aims at developing a technique called Edu-MINING which converts raw data coming from educational institutions using data mining techniques into useful information. The discovered knowledge will have a great impact on the educational research and practices. Edu-MINING explores Edu-DATA, discovers new knowledge and suggests useful methods to improve the quality of education with regard to teaching-learning process. This is illustrated through a case study.

  3. Machine learning: An artificial intelligence approach

    SciTech Connect

    Michalski, R.S.; Carbonell, J.G.; Mitchell, T.M.

    1983-01-01

    This book contains tutorial overviews and research papers on contemporary trends in the area of machine learning viewed from an AI perspective. Research directions covered include: learning from examples, modeling human learning strategies, knowledge acquisition for expert systems, learning heuristics, discovery systems, and conceptual data analysis.

  4. A Neural-Functionalist Approach to Learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James W. Grau; Robin L. Joynes

    2005-01-01

    Researchers within the field of learning have traditionally divided their empirical world according to methodology, with phenomena classified as single stimulus learning, Pavlovian conditioning, or in- strumental learning. This trichotomy, a vestige of our behaviorist past, continues to influence the field, both in the classroom and in the laboratory. Relying on data collected using a simple model system (learning within

  5. Learned helplessness in mentally retarded and learning disabled versus normal subjects: an attributional approach

    E-print Network

    Davis, Veronica Ladell

    1981-01-01

    LEARNED HELPLESSNESS IN MENTALLY RETARDED AND LEARNING DISABLED VERSUS NORMAL SUBJECTS: AN ATTRIBUTIONAL APPROACH A Thesis by VERONICA LADELL DAVIS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ABM University in Partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1981 Major Subject: Psychology LEARNED HELPLESSNESS IN MENTALLY RETARDED AND LEARNING DISABLED VERSUS NORMAL SUBJECTS: AN ATTRIBUTIONAL APPROACH A Thesis by VERONICA LADELL DAVIS Approved...

  6. TIO a Software Toolset for Mobile Learning in MINT Disciplines

    E-print Network

    Zachmann, Gabriel

    learning with emphasis on study courses in mathematics, informatics, natural sciences and technology (MINT, and what are the benefits and disadvantages of teaching MINT subjects by means of M-learning in general platform for computer-aided distance learning that is web-based and that has an emphasis on MINT

  7. A Study of Learners' Usage of a Mobile Learning Application for Learning Idioms and Collocations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amer, Mahmoud

    2014-01-01

    This study explored how four groups of language learners used a mobile software application developed by the researcher for learning idiomatic expressions and collocations. A total of 45 participants in the study used the application for a period of one week. Data for this study was collected from the application, a questionnaire, and follow-up…

  8. Idiomobile for Learners of English: A Study of Learners' Usage of a Mobile Learning Application for Learning Idioms and Collocations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amer, Mahmoud Atiah

    2010-01-01

    This study explored how four groups of English learners used a mobile software application developed by the researcher for learning idiomatic expressions and collocations. A total of 45 learners in the study used the application for a period of one week. Data for this study was collected from a questionnaire, the application, and follow-up…

  9. Developing a Mobile Physics Learning Environment Based on Physics Misconception Research and E-Learning Design Principles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Young-Jin

    2010-01-01

    With a rapid increase in the number of people who own a handheld device, such as an iPod, education researchers and administrators started looking for a way to use a handheld device to foster student learning. However, the current use of a mobile device in education is quite limited. With few exceptions, it is mostly used as a simple media player…

  10. Pervasive, Lifestyle-Integrated Mobile Learning for Distance Learners: An Analysis and Unexpected Results from a Podcasting Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Mark J. W.; Chan, Anthony

    2007-01-01

    This article opens with a discussion of how and why mobile learning (m-learning) is purported to be the next step in the evolution of distance education, before looking at various perspectives on what m-learning constitutes. It critically examines the degree to which "true" m-learning has been achieved, by offering pedagogical value beyond the…

  11. A Machine Learning Approach to Coreference Resolution of Noun Phrases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wee Meng Soon; Hwee Tou Ng; Chung Yong Lim

    2001-01-01

    In this paper, we present a learning approach to coreference resolution of noun phrases in unrestricted text. The approach learns from a small, annotated corpus and the task includes resolving not just a certain type of noun phrase (e.g., pronouns) but rather general noun phrases. It also does not restrict the entity types of the noun phrases; that is, coreference

  12. Learning in Digital Libraries: An Information Search Process Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carol Collier Kuhlthau

    1997-01-01

    ABSTRACT THIS ARTICLE DISCUSSES A CONSTRUCTIVIST approach to information age learn- ing environments for children and teenagers, particularly as students in schools. , theory for creating learning environments,in digital libraries is presented based on the concepts in the constructivist approach,of acting and reflecting, feeling and formulating, predicting and choosing, and interpreting and creating.

  13. Conceptions of and Approaches to Learning through Online Peer Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, Yu-Fang; Tsai, Chin-Chung

    2010-01-01

    The present study investigated junior college students' conceptions of and approaches to learning via online peer assessment (PA) using a phenomenographic approach. Participants were 163 college students. Students were asked to accomplish a given learning task via an online PA system. Of the participants, 62 were interviewed after the activity.…

  14. Approaches to Learning in a Second Year Chemical Engineering Course.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Case, Jennifer; Gunstone, Richard; Lewis, Alison

    Previous findings from the study within which this research is located had uncovered students' approaches to learning in the context of a second year chemical engineering course. Using an analysis of students' reflections on their experience, the study has shown the existence of three approaches to learning in this context: an 'information-based'…

  15. Manpower Development for Workers in Tertiary Institutions: Distance Learning Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hassan, Moshood Ayinde

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine the extent to which workers patronize distance learning approach to further their education. Other purposes include: determine problems facing workers in the process of improving their knowledge and skills through distance learning approach; establish the level of attainment of manpower development…

  16. Learning approach to nonlinear fault diagnosis: detectability analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marios M. Polycarpou; Alexander B. Trunov

    2000-01-01

    The learning approach to fault diagnosis provides a methodology for designing monitoring architectures which can be used for detection, identification and accommodation of failures in dynamical systems. This paper considers the issues of detectability conditions and detection time in a nonlinear fault diagnosis scheme based on the learning approach. First, conditions are derived to characterize the range of detectable faults.

  17. Forward-Oriented Design for Learning: Illustrating the Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dimitriadis, Yannis; Goodyear, Peter

    2013-01-01

    This paper concerns sustainable approaches to design for learning, emphasising the need for designs to be able to thrive outside of the protective niches of project-based innovation. It builds on the "in medias res" framework and more specifically on a forward-oriented approach to design for learning: one that takes a pro-active design…

  18. Students' Approaches to Learning a New Mathematical Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flegg, Jennifer A.; Mallet, Daniel G.; Lupton, Mandy

    2013-01-01

    In this article, we report on the findings of an exploratory study into the experience of undergraduate students as they learn new mathematical models. Qualitative and quantitative data based around the students' approaches to learning new mathematical models were collected. The data revealed that students actively adopt three approaches to…

  19. A Unified Approach for Improving QoS and Provider Revenue in 3G Mobile Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christoph Lindemann; Marco Lohmann; Axel Thümmler

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, we introduce a unified approach for the adaptive control of 3G mobile networks in order to improve both quality of service (QoS) for mobile subscribers and to increase revenue for service providers. The introduced approach constantly monitors QoS measures as packet loss probability and the current number of active mobile users during operation of the network. Based

  20. Intraday FX Trading: An Evolutionary Reinforcement Learning Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. A. H. Dempster; Y. S. Romahi

    2002-01-01

    We have previously described trading systems based on un-supervised learning approaches such as reinforcement learning and\\u000a genetic algorithms which take as input a collection of commonly used technical indicators and generate profitable trading\\u000a decisions from them. This article demonstrates the advantages of applying evolutionary algorithms to the reinforcement learning\\u000a problem using a hybrid credit assignment approach. In earlier work, the

  1. A Behavior-based Approach to Active Stereo Vision for Mobile Robots

    E-print Network

    Kortenkamp, David

    A Behavior-based Approach to Active Stereo Vision for Mobile Robots Eric Huber and David Kortenkamp an active stereo vision system that uses a behavior-based approach to control gaze. The system concentrates, recognizing natural gestures and avoiding obstacles. Keywords: active vision, stereo vision, mobile robots

  2. PANDA: An Approach to Improve Flooding Based Route Discovery in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    E-print Network

    California at Davis, University of

    1 PANDA: An Approach to Improve Flooding Based Route Discovery in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Jian Li in these pro- tocols and propose a Positional Attributes based Next-hop Determination Approach(PANDA, mobile ad hoc networks, PANDA, positional attributes based routing, power aware routing. I. INTRODUCTION

  3. Modular Bayesian Network Learning for Mobile Life Understanding

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Keum-sung Hwang; Sung-bae Cho

    2008-01-01

    Mobile devices can now handle a great deal of information thanks to the convergence of diverse functionalities. Mobile environments\\u000a have already shown great potential in terms of providing customized services to users because they can record meaningful and\\u000a private information continually for long periods of time. Until now, most of this information has been generally ignored because\\u000a of the limitations

  4. Proceedings of the International Conference on Mobile Learning 2014. (10th, Madrid, Spain, February 28-March 2, 2014)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sánchez, Inmaculada Arnedillo, Ed.; Isaías, Pedro, Ed.

    2014-01-01

    These proceedings contain the papers of the 10th International Conference on Mobile Learning 2014, which was organised by the International Association for Development of the Information Society, in Madrid, Spain, February 28-March 2, 2014. The Mobile Learning 2014 International Conference seeks to provide a forum for the presentation and…

  5. English as a foreign language learners’ perception of mobile assisted language learning: a cross-national study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Liwei Hsu

    2012-01-01

    While mobile devices are gradually starting to play an important role in the everyday lives of students, learning English on mobile phones is no longer a novelty for English as a foreign language (EFL) learners. While there is a wealth of literature that discusses the application of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in EFL education, studies on mobile assisted language

  6. Argumentation Based Joint Learning: A Novel Ensemble Learning Approach

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Junyi; Yao, Li; Li, Le

    2015-01-01

    Recently, ensemble learning methods have been widely used to improve classification performance in machine learning. In this paper, we present a novel ensemble learning method: argumentation based multi-agent joint learning (AMAJL), which integrates ideas from multi-agent argumentation, ensemble learning, and association rule mining. In AMAJL, argumentation technology is introduced as an ensemble strategy to integrate multiple base classifiers and generate a high performance ensemble classifier. We design an argumentation framework named Arena as a communication platform for knowledge integration. Through argumentation based joint learning, high quality individual knowledge can be extracted, and thus a refined global knowledge base can be generated and used independently for classification. We perform numerous experiments on multiple public datasets using AMAJL and other benchmark methods. The results demonstrate that our method can effectively extract high quality knowledge for ensemble classifier and improve the performance of classification. PMID:25966359

  7. Active learning approaches to teaching information assurance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christy Chatmon; Hongmei Chi; Will Davis

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents several active learning strategies to engage students in Information Assurance (IA) concepts and to enhance their learning experience. Simply listening to a lecture or attending a physical computing laboratory to explore IA concepts for numerous reasons, may not be ideal. Passive involvement of students in their learning process generally leads to a limited retention of knowledge. Students

  8. Integrated motion planning and model learning for mobile robots with application to marine vehicles

    E-print Network

    Greytak, Matthew B. (Matthew Bardeen)

    2009-01-01

    Robust motion planning algorithms for mobile robots consider stochasticity in the dynamic model of the vehicle and the environment. A practical robust planning approach balances the duration of the motion plan with the ...

  9. Motor-learning theory and the neurodevelopmental treatment approach:.

    PubMed

    Breslin, D M

    1996-01-01

    The neurodevelopmental treatment approach is frequently used by occupational therapists to supplement occupational therapy treatment techniques. As little empirical evidence exists to support the efficacy of this treatment approach, several authors have advocated incorporating motor-learning theory into occupational therapy intervention for people with motor-control disorders. This paper will review the basic principles of motor-learning theory and the neurodevelopmental treatment approach as related to the occupational therapy process. The review will include a description of the theoretical concepts, treatment applications, and research related to each approach. The two approaches will be compared and contrasted and methods for incorporating both approaches into occupational therapy will be described. PMID:23941080

  10. Statecraft X: Enacting Citizenship Education Using a Mobile Learning Game Played on Apple iPhones

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yam San Chee; Ek Ming Tan; Qiang Liu

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we report on a mobile learning game, Statecraft X, designed and developed to enact a program for citizenship education undertaken by 15-year-old students. The game is played on Apple iPhones. Located in the Social Studies curriculum, the game represents one component of a broader learning environment that includes in-class dialogic activity to facilitate student sense making and

  11. QR Code and Augmented Reality-Supported Mobile English Learning System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tsung-Yu Liu; Tan-Hsu Tan; Yu-Ling Chu

    2008-01-01

    \\u000a Mobile learning highly prioritizes the successful acquisition of context-aware contents from a learning server. A variant\\u000a of 2D barcodes, the quick response (QR) code, which can be rapidly read using a PDA equipped with a camera and QR code reading\\u000a software, is considered promising for context-aware applications. This work presents a novel QR code and handheld augmented\\u000a reality (AR) supported

  12. Learner Performance in Multimedia Learning Arrangements: An Analysis across Instructional Approaches

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eysink, Tessa H. S.; de Jong, Ton; Berthold, Kirsten; Kolloffel, Bas; Opfermann, Maria; Wouters, Pieter

    2009-01-01

    In this study, the authors compared four multimedia learning arrangements differing in instructional approach on effectiveness and efficiency for learning: (a) hypermedia learning, (b) observational learning, (c) self-explanation-based learning, and (d) inquiry learning. The approaches all advocate learners' active attitude toward the learning

  13. The Design of Personal Mobile Technologies for Lifelong Learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mike Sharples

    2000-01-01

    This paper sets out a framework for the design of a new genre of educational technology: personal (handheld or wearable) computer systems that support learning from any location throughout a lifetime. We set out a theory of lifelong learning mediated by technology and indicate how it can provide requirements for the software, hardware, communications and interface design of a handheld

  14. The Walkabout Framework for Contextual Learning through Mobile Serious Games

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Almeida, Fernando; Bolaert, Hiram; Dowdall, Shane; Lourenço, Justino; Milczarski, Piotr

    2015-01-01

    Learning through games is increasingly gaining acceptance as a valuable training tool within the education and training community due to its simplicity, cost-effectiveness and essentially because most people prefer playing over learning. However, the use of games by students brings additional challenges regarding the design of games and their…

  15. A Machine Learning Approach to Assessing Knowledge Sharing During Collaborative Learning Activities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Amy Soller; Janyce Wiebe; Alan Lesgold

    Students bring to a collaborative learning situation a great deal of specialized knowledge and experiences that un- doubtedly shape the collaboration and learning processes. How effectively this unique knowledge is shared and assimilated by the group affects both the process and the product of the collaboration. In this paper, we describe a machine learning approach, Hidden Markov Modeling, to analyzing

  16. Changing the learning environment to promote deep learning approaches in first-year accounting students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matthew Hall; Alan Ramsay; John Raven

    2004-01-01

    Developing deep approaches to learning is claimed to enhance students' engagement with their subject material and result in improved analytical and conceptual thinking skills. Numerous calls have been made for accounting educators to adopt strategies that produce such results. This paper reports on changes to the learning environment centring on the introduction of group learning activities that were designed to

  17. Lifelong Learning in Architectural Design Studio: The Learning Contract Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hassanpour, B.; Che-Ani, A. I.; Usman, I. M. S.; Johar, S.; Tawil, N. M.

    2015-01-01

    Avant-garde educational systems are striving to find lifelong learning methods. Different fields and majors have tested a variety of proposed models and found varying difficulties and strengths. Architecture is one of the most critical areas of education because of its special characteristics, such as learning by doing and complicated evaluation…

  18. Use of Blended Approach in the Learning of Electromagnetic Induction

    E-print Network

    Chew, Charles

    2015-01-01

    This paper traces the importance of pedagogical content knowledge in the digital age to prepare today students for the 21st century. It highlights the need for ICT-based pedagogical models that are grounded in both the learning theories of constructivism and connectivism. One such suitable ICT-based pedagogical model is the TSOI Hybrid Learning Model. By means of a physics blended learning exemplar based on the TSOI Hybrid Learning Model, this paper argues for the use of blended learning approach as the way forward for 21st century teaching.

  19. Approaches to Learning and Kolb's Learning Styles of Undergraduates with Better Grades

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Almeida, Patrícia; Teixeira-Dias, José Joaquim; Martinho, Mariana; Balasooriya, Chinthaka

    The purpose of this study is to investigate if the teaching, learning and assessment strategies conceived and implemented in a higher education chemistry course promote the development of conceptual understanding, as intended. Thus, our aim is to analyse the learning styles and the approaches to learning of chemistry undergraduates with better grades. The overall results show that the students with better grades possess the assimilator learning style, that is usually associated to the archetypal chemist. Moreover, the students with the highest grades revealed a conception of learning emphasising understanding. However, these students diverged both in their learning approaches and in their preferences for teaching strategies. The majority of students adopted a deep approach or a combination of a deep and a strategic approach, but half of them revealed their preference for teaching-centred strategies.

  20. Learning English Speaking through Mobile-Based Role-Plays: The Exploration of a Mobile English Language Learning App Called Engage

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, Bowen; Zhou, Shijun; Ju, Weijie

    2013-01-01

    Engage is a new form of mobile application that connects students studying English with teachers in real-time via their smartphones. Students receive target language through preparation dialogues, and then apply it to a role-play with a teacher. The conceptualization and development of Engage follows the user-centred design approach; and the…

  1. Comparison of approaches for mobile document image analysis using server supported smartphones

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ozarslan, Suleyman; Eren, P. Erhan

    2014-03-01

    With the recent advances in mobile technologies, new capabilities are emerging, such as mobile document image analysis. However, mobile phones are still less powerful than servers, and they have some resource limitations. One approach to overcome these limitations is performing resource-intensive processes of the application on remote servers. In mobile document image analysis, the most resource consuming process is the Optical Character Recognition (OCR) process, which is used to extract text in mobile phone captured images. In this study, our goal is to compare the in-phone and the remote server processing approaches for mobile document image analysis in order to explore their trade-offs. For the inphone approach, all processes required for mobile document image analysis run on the mobile phone. On the other hand, in the remote-server approach, core OCR process runs on the remote server and other processes run on the mobile phone. Results of the experiments show that the remote server approach is considerably faster than the in-phone approach in terms of OCR time, but adds extra delays such as network delay. Since compression and downscaling of images significantly reduce file sizes and extra delays, the remote server approach overall outperforms the in-phone approach in terms of selected speed and correct recognition metrics, if the gain in OCR time compensates for the extra delays. According to the results of the experiments, using the most preferable settings, the remote server approach performs better than the in-phone approach in terms of speed and acceptable correct recognition metrics.

  2. Using Rat Navigation Models to Learn Orientation from Visual Input on a Mobile Robot

    E-print Network

    Browning, Brett

    Using Rat Navigation Models to Learn Orientation from Visual Input on a Mobile Robot Brett Browning navigating rats. Specifically, this paper discusses the implementation of a rat- inspired system that allows described here is a pragmatic, minimalist implementation of recently proposed models of the rat head

  3. Exploring the potential of mobile phones for active learning in the classroom

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Lindquist; Tamara Denning; Michael Kelly; Roshni Malani; William G. Griswold; Beth Simon

    2007-01-01

    Research has shown that educational technology can broaden and enhance the use of active learning in large classrooms. An educational technology platform often relies on students to bring laptops or specialized wireless devices like clickers to interact through the system. Mobile phones are an attractive alternative, as most students already possess them, they have more capabilities than dedicated clickers, and

  4. Exploring the potential of mobile phones for active learning in the classroom

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Lindquist; Tamara Denning; Michael Kelly; Roshni Malani; William G. Griswold; Beth Simon

    2007-01-01

    Research has shown that educational technology can broaden and enhance the use of active learning in large classrooms. An educa- tional technology platform often relies on students to bring lap- tops or specialized wireless devices like clickers to interact through the system. Mobile phones are an attractive alternative, as most students already possess them, they have more capabilities than dedicated

  5. ICORR '99: International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, Stanford, CA AUTONOMY AND LEARNING IN MOBILE ROBOTS

    E-print Network

    Duckett, Tom

    - 1 - ICORR '99: International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, Stanford, CA AUTONOMY AND LEARNING IN MOBILE ROBOTS George A. Bekey Computer Science Department University of Southern California Los Angeles, CA 90089-0781 bekey@robotics.usc.edu http://www-robotics.usc.edu/ Abstract Recent trends

  6. The Sustainable Mobility Learning Laboratory: Interactive Web-Based Education on Transportation and the Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schweitzer, Lisa A.; Marr, Linsey C.; Linford, John C.; Darby, Mary Ashburn

    2008-01-01

    The transportation field has for many years been dominated by engineers and other technical specialists. This article describes the Sustainable Mobility Learning Lab (SMLL), a Web-based tool designed to support classroom and university outreach activities to help initiate a more inclusive, nontechnical discussion about the role of transportation…

  7. A Comparative Study of the Effects of Cultural Differences on the Adoption of Mobile Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arpaci, Ibrahim

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to understand the impact of cultural differences on mobile learning adoption through identifying key adoption characteristics in Canada and Turkey, which have markedly different cultural backgrounds. A multi-group analysis was employed to test the hypothesised relationships based on the data collected by means of…

  8. Implementing Mobile Learning Curricula in Schools: A Programme of Research from Innovation to Scaling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Looi, Chee-Kit; Wong, Lung-Hsiang

    2014-01-01

    Many countries, regions and education districts in the world have experimented with models of one-device-per-student as an enabler of new or effective pedagogies supported by mobile technologies. Researchers have also designed innovations or interventions for possible adoption by schools or for informal learning. Of critical interest to the…

  9. Build robots that autonomously navigate and manipulate objects! Learn the fundamentals of mobile robotics!

    E-print Network

    Goldwasser, Shafi

    · Build robots that autonomously navigate and manipulate objects! · Learn the fundamentals of mobile robotics! · Explore topics like vision, navigation, localization, and kinematics! Course Objective This project course is a hands-on introduction to robotics. You will be introduced to the basic concepts

  10. Research Trends in Mobile Assisted Language Learning from 2000 to 2012

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duman, Guler; Orhon, Gunseli; Gedik, Nuray

    2015-01-01

    In order to trace how mobile assisted language learning (MALL) has evolved in recent years, we analysed studies published from 2000 to 2012 to examine their characteristics and research trends. These studies were published in international journals listed in the Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI). Sixty-nine studies that fit the time frame and…

  11. Effects of Mobile Instant Messaging on Collaborative Learning Processes and Outcomes: The Case of South Korea

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Hyewon; Lee, MiYoung; Kim, Minjeong

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper was to investigate the effects of mobile instant messaging on collaborative learning processes and outcomes. The collaborative processes were measured in terms of different types of interactions. We measured the outcomes of the collaborations through both the students' taskwork and their teamwork. The collaborative…

  12. Learning Styles and Approaches to Learning in Excellent and Average First-Year University Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gargallo López, Bernardo; Almerich Cerveró, Gonzalo; Suárez Rodríguez, Jesús M.; García Félix, Eloďna; Garfella Esteban, Pedro R.

    2013-01-01

    We assessed the learning approaches and learning styles of a sample of 148 excellent students selected from 11 degrees from nine centers of the Polytechnic University of Valencia (Spain), and we compared the results with those of a sample of 133 average students from the same centers. We found that excellent students took deeper approach than…

  13. Learning from Tutorials: A Qualitative Study of Approaches to Learning and Perceptions of Tutorial Interaction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herrmann, Kim Jesper

    2014-01-01

    This study examines differences in university students' approaches to learning when attending tutorials as well as variation in students' perceptions of tutorials as an educational arena. In-depth qualitative analysis of semi-structured interviews with undergraduates showed how surface and deep approaches to learning were revealed in the…

  14. Learning Visual Landmarks for Mobile Robot Topological Navigation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mario Mata; Jose Maria Armingol; Arturo De La Escalera

    2005-01-01

    Relevant progress has been done, within the Robotics field, in mechanical systems, actuators, control and planning. This fact, allows a wide application of industrial robots, where manipulator arms, Cartesian robots, etc., widely outcomes human capacity. However, the achievement of a robust and reliable autonomous mobile robot, with ability to evolve and accomplish general tasks in unconstrained environments, is still far

  15. The Changing Social Spaces of Learning: Mapping New Mobilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leander, Kevin M.; Phillips, Nathan C.; Taylor, Katherine Headrick

    2010-01-01

    Writing on contemporary culture and social life, sociologists and cultural theorists have been describing new or changing forms of movement, variously described as cultural "flows," "liquid life," or a "networked society." The change in such movements or mobilities of people, media, material goods, and other social phenomena, including the reach…

  16. Development Fund Activities Overview PROJECT TITLE: MOBILE LEARNING \\

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul McCullagh; Gaye Lightbody; Malcolm Hutchison

    Over the last few years there has been an explosive growth in the use of mobile devices, such as laptops, iPods, mp3 players and phones. These devices have become an integral part of our daily lives, yielding the new concept of 'infotainment'. However their benefit to us has not yet reached its full potential, particularly within formal education. This project

  17. Personalized mobile English vocabulary learning system based on item response theory and learning memory cycle

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chih-ming Chen; Ching-ju Chung

    2008-01-01

    Since learning English is very popular in non-English speaking countries, developing modern assisted-learning tools that support effective English learning is a critical issue in the English-language education field. Learning English involves memorization and practice of a large number of vocabulary words and numerous grammatical structures. Vocabulary learning is a principal issue for English learning because vocabulary comprises the basic building

  18. Spatial learning while navigating with severely degraded viewing: The role of attention and mobility monitoring.

    PubMed

    Rand, Kristina M; Creem-Regehr, Sarah H; Thompson, William B

    2015-06-01

    The ability to navigate without getting lost is an important aspect of quality of life. In 5 studies, we evaluated how spatial learning is affected by the increased demands of keeping oneself safe while walking with degraded vision (mobility monitoring). We proposed that safe low vision mobility requires attentional resources, providing competition for those needed to learn a new environment. In Experiments 1 and 2, participants navigated along paths in a real-world indoor environment with simulated degraded vision or normal vision. Memory for object locations seen along the paths was better with normal compared with degraded vision. With degraded vision, memory was better when participants were guided by an experimenter (low monitoring demands) versus unguided (high monitoring demands). In Experiments 3 and 4, participants walked while performing an auditory task. Auditory task performance was superior with normal compared with degraded vision. With degraded vision, auditory task performance was better when guided compared with unguided. In Experiment 5, participants performed both the spatial learning and auditory tasks under degraded vision. Results showed that attention mediates the relationship between mobility-monitoring demands and spatial learning. These studies suggest that more attention is required and spatial learning is impaired when navigating with degraded viewing. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:25706766

  19. HAWAII: a domain-based approach for supporting mobility in wide-area wireless networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ramachandran Ramjee; Kannan Varadhan; Luca Salgarelli; Sandra R. Thuel; Shie-Yuan Wang; Thomas F. La Porta

    2002-01-01

    Mobile IP is the current standard for supporting macromobility of mobile hosts. However, in the case of micromobility support, there are several competing proposals. In this paper, we present the design, implementation, and performance evaluation of HAWAII, a domain-based approach for supporting mobility. HAWAII uses specialized path setup schemes which install host-based forwarding entries in specific routers to support intra-domain

  20. Learning from project experiences using a legacy-based approach

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cooper, Lynne P.; Majchrzak, Ann; Faraj, Samer

    2005-01-01

    As project teams become used more widely, the question of how to capitalize on the knowledge learned in project teams remains an open issue. Using previous research on shared cognition in groups, an approach to promoting post-project learning was developed. This Legacy Review concept was tested on four in tact project teams. The results from those test sessions were used to develop a model of team learning via group cognitive processes. The model and supporting propositions are presented.

  1. MOBILE ROBOT VISUAL LOCALIZATION: A FEATURE BASED APPROACH

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Gil; C. Fernández; A. Vicente; O. Reinoso; L. M. Jiménez

    In order to be fully autonomous, a mobile robot must possess the skill of finding its location in a particular environment. In other words, while navigating, a mobile robot must be capable of finding its location in a map of the environment (i.e. its pose < x, y, ? >), otherwise the robot will not be able to complete its

  2. Image based approach to obstacle avoidance in mobile manipulators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xin Li; Yunyi Jia; Ning Xi; Aiguo Song

    2011-01-01

    Due to many advantages, the mobile manipulators have been used in many areas. However, it is challenging to operate such system in teleoperation because of the too many controllable degrees for the teleoperator. Additionally, because of the unstructured working environment, it is necessary for the mobile manipulator to posses the ability of solving this problem in real time. The existing

  3. Transitions to Sustainable Tourism Mobility: The Social Practices Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Desirée Verbeek; Hans Mommaas

    2008-01-01

    In this article, we argue that current research on sustainable tourism mobility can be divided roughly into two streams. One covers primarily the organisational and technological side of tourism mobility, while the other concentrates on travellers' attitudes. To date, these streams have been organised as separate bodies of research. There is much to be gained by being able to create

  4. A probablisitic learning approach to motion planning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark H. Overmars; Petr Svestka

    1994-01-01

    In this paper a new paradigm for robot motion planning is proposed. We split the motion planning process into two phases: the learning phase and the query phase. In the learning phase we construct a probabilistic roadmap in conguration space. This roadmap is a graph where nodes correspond to randomly chosen congurations in free space and edges correspond to simple

  5. A Machine Learning Approach to POS Tagging

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lluís Mŕrquez; Lluís Padró; Horacio Rodríguez

    2000-01-01

    We have applied the inductive learning of statistical decision trees and relaxation labeling to the Natural Language Processing (NLP) task of morphosyntactic disambiguation (Part Of Speech Tagging). The learning process is supervised and obtains a language model oriented to resolve POS ambiguities, consisting of a set of statistical decision trees expressing distribution of tags and words in some relevant contexts.

  6. Holistic Approaches to E-Learning Accessibility

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phipps, Lawrie; Kelly, Brian

    2006-01-01

    The importance of accessibility to digital e-learning resources is widely acknowledged. The World Wide Web Consortium Web Accessibility Initiative has played a leading role in promoting the importance of accessibility and developing guidelines that can help when developing accessible web resources. The accessibility of e-learning resources…

  7. A Psychologically Plausible and Computationally Effective Approach to Learning Syntax

    E-print Network

    A Psychologically Plausible and Computationally Effective Approach to Learning Syntax Stephen. Abstract Computational learning of natural lan- guage is often attempted without using the knowledge available from other re- search areas such as psychology and linguistics. This can lead to systems

  8. Exploring the Behavioural Patterns of Entrepreneurial Learning: A Competency Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Man, Thomas Wing Yan

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to empirically explore the behavioural patterns involved in entrepreneurial learning through a conceptualization of entrepreneurial learning as a "competency". Design/methodology/approach: Semi-structured interviews to 12 entrepreneurs were conducted with a focus on the critical incidents in which significant…

  9. Learning approaches for housing, service and infrastructure project organizations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ingeborg Knauseder; Alexander Styhre

    2007-01-01

    Capturing and sharing experiences that may be applicable in several projects is generally recognized as a way of enhancing the performance of construction projects. Several studies have reported difficulties in applying learning approaches that could be applicable for a wide range of projects. The learning behaviour in three types of construction project: housing, service and infrastructure, is examined by the

  10. Students' Studying and Approaches to Learning in Introductory Biology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomanek, Debra; Montplaisir, Lisa

    2004-01-01

    This exploratory study was conducted in an introductory biology course to determine 1) how students used the large lecture environment to create their own learning tasks during studying and 2) whether meaningful learning resulted from the students' efforts. Academic task research from the K-12 education literature and student approaches to…

  11. Situated Poetry Learning Using Multimedia Resource Sharing Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, Che-Ching; Tseng, Shian-Shyong; Liao, Anthony Y. H.; Liang, Tyne

    2013-01-01

    Educators have emphasized the importance of situating students in an authentic learning environment. By using such approach, teachers can encourage students to learn Chinese poems by browsing content resources and relevant online multimedia resources by using handheld devices. Nevertheless, students in heterogeneous network environments may have…

  12. SLAVE: a genetic learning system based on an iterative approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Gonzblez; R. Perez

    1999-01-01

    SLAVE is an inductive learning algorithm that uses concepts based on fuzzy logic theory. This theory has been shown to be a useful representational tool for improving the understanding of the knowledge obtained from a human point of view. Furthermore, SLAVE uses an iterative approach for learning based on the use of a genetic algorithm (GA) as a search algorithm.

  13. Blending Online Learning with Traditional Approaches: Changing Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Condie, Rae; Livingston, Kay

    2007-01-01

    Considerable claims have been made for the development of e-learning, either as stand-alone programmes or alongside more traditional approaches to teaching and learning, for students across school and tertiary education. National initiatives have improved the position of schools in terms of access to hardware and electronic networking, software…

  14. A Systematic Approach to Learning Object Segmentation from Motion

    E-print Network

    Kaelbling, Leslie Pack

    to apply the techniques of machine learning to the object segmentation problem, a reliable sourceA Systematic Approach to Learning Object Segmentation from Motion Michael G. Ross and Leslie Pack Kaelbling {mgross,lpk}@csail.mit.edu MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory

  15. A Two-View Learning Approach for Image Tag Ranking

    E-print Network

    Hoi, Steven Chu-Hong

    A Two-View Learning Approach for Image Tag Ranking Jinfeng Zhuang School of Computer Engineering Tag ranking, social images, image search, optimization, an- notation, two-view learning models. In this paper, we aim to overcome the challenge of social tag ranking for a corpus of social

  16. An axiomatic approach to soft learning vector quantization and clustering

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nicolaos B. Karayiannis

    1999-01-01

    This paper presents an axiomatic approach to soft learning vector quantization (LVQ) and clustering based on reformulation. The reformulation of the fuzzy -means (FCM) al- gorithm provides the basis for reformulating entropy-constrained fuzzy clustering (ECFC) algorithms. This analysis indicates that minimization of admissible reformulation functions using gra- dient descent leads to a broad variety of soft learning vector quantization and

  17. Teaching Math in the Primary Grades: The Learning Trajectories Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sarama, Julie; Clements, Douglas

    2009-01-01

    Children's thinking follows natural developmental paths in learning math. When teachers understand those paths and offer activities based on children's progress along them, they build developmentally appropriate math environments. The authors explain math learning trajectories and why teaching math using the trajectories approach is effective. A…

  18. A Modern and Interactive Approach To Learning Engineering Mathematics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Croft, Anthony; Ward, Joe

    2001-01-01

    Describes strategies used to teach mathematics to engineering students at Loughborough University (United Kingdom). Explains a combination of traditional instruction with computer assisted learning in an open learning environment that motivates students by providing a more flexible approach to be responsive to individual needs. (LRW)

  19. Reliability and Validity Study of the Mobile Learning Adoption Scale Developed Based on the Diffusion of Innovations Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Celik, Ismail; Sahin, Ismail; Aydin, Mustafa

    2014-01-01

    In this study, a mobile learning adoption scale (MLAS) was developed on the basis of Rogers' (2003) Diffusion of Innovations Theory. The scale that was developed consists of four sections. These sections are as follows: Stages in the innovation-decision process, Types of m-learning decision, Innovativeness level and attributes of m-learning. There…

  20. Mobile agent intrusion detection system for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks: A non-overlapping zone approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. F. Farhan; D. Zulkhairi; M. T. Hatim

    2008-01-01

    A Mobile Ad Hoc Network (MANET) is a group of wireless nods that can be dynamically organized as a multi-hop packet radio network without using any existing infrastructure or centralized administration. However, MANET is venerable to attacks due to its mobile and ad hoc natures. The security issue is becoming a main concern in the applications of MANET. We consider

  1. Introductory Chemistry: An Active Learning Approach, 3rd Edition

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the General Chemistry textbook, Introductory Chemistry: An Active Learning Approach, 3rd Edition, by Mark S. Cracolice, Edward I. Peters published by Brooks/Cole, 2007.

  2. THE SEVEN `C'S -NO, EIGHT -NO NINE 'C'S OF M-LEARNING Jocelyn Wishart

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Mobile learning, PDA, handheld computer, constructivism, cognitive theory, conversational learning 1 and college students, into six areas, four of which relate to the underpinning learning theory learning activity rather than grounding theories within themselves. #12;The constructivist approach

  3. A gateway approach to mobility integration of GPRS and wireless LANs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jyh-Cheng Chen; Hong-Wei Lin

    2005-01-01

    This article presents a gateway approach to the integration of GPRS and wireless LANs (WLANs). The proposed architecture leverages mobile IP as the mobility management protocol over WLANs. The interworking between GPRS and WLANs is achieved by a gateway that resides on the border of GPRS and WLAN systems. The design goal is to minimize the modifications in GPRS and

  4. Control of Nonholonomic Mobile Robots Based on the Transverse Function Approach

    E-print Network

    Morin, Pascal

    --wheeled robot, nonholonomic system, unicycle, car, stabilization, trajectory tracking, Lie group, transverse1 Control of Nonholonomic Mobile Robots Based on the Transverse Function Approach Pascal Morin of stabilizing reference trajectories for nonholonomic mobile robots, also referred to as the trajectory tracking

  5. Integrating Mobile Tasks with Business Processes: A Self-Healing Approach

    E-print Network

    Ulm, Universität

    Integrating Mobile Tasks with Business Processes: A Self-Healing Approach Rüdiger Pryss, Steffen process tasks on smart mobile devices by provisioning self-healing techniques to address the smooth the composition of services at design time and their orchestration at run time. In particular, when applying

  6. Quantitative approach to physical and chemical gold mobility in equatorial rainforest lateritic environment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. Colin; P. Vieillard; J. P. Ambrosi

    1993-01-01

    Mobility of gold throughout the global weathering system of Dondo Mobi, South Gabon, has been quantatively addressed by calculating the gold mass transfer during lateritic weathering of auriferous lisvenite, Archean gneiss and Proterozoic schist, and by proposing a thermodynamic approach to gold solubility under equatorial rainforest acidic conditions. Both chemical and short-distance translocation processes govern the mobility of gold and

  7. A Graph Theoretic Approach to Optimal Target Tracking for Mobile Robot Teams

    E-print Network

    Spletzer, John R.

    A Graph Theoretic Approach to Optimal Target Tracking for Mobile Robot Teams Jason C. Derenick for target tracking with mobile robot teams. The target tracking problem is modeled as a generic semidefinite instance yields an optimal robot configuration for target tracking at each time-step, while guaranteeing

  8. Pinpointing Tourism Information onto Mobile Maps A Light-Weight Approach

    E-print Network

    Hochreiter, Sepp

    Pinpointing Tourism Information onto Mobile Maps ­ A Light-Weight Approach W. Schwinger1 , C. Grün2, Universitätsstraße 15, A-6020 http://iset.uibk.ac.at Abstract. Location-based systems in the area of tourism, so-called mobile tourist guides, combine geographic information and tourism information in order to deliver

  9. Revising a Design Course from a Lecture Approach to a Project-Based Learning Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kunberger, Tanya

    2013-01-01

    In order to develop the evaluative skills necessary for successful performance of design, a senior, Geotechnical Engineering course was revised to immerse students in the complexity of the design process utilising a project-based learning (PBL) approach to instruction. The student-centred approach stresses self-directed group learning, which…

  10. Personalized Mobile English Vocabulary Learning System Based on Item Response Theory and Learning Memory Cycle

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, C. M.; Chung, C. J.

    2008-01-01

    Since learning English is very popular in non-English speaking countries, developing modern assisted-learning tools that support effective English learning is a critical issue in the English-language education field. Learning English involves memorization and practice of a large number of vocabulary words and numerous grammatical structures.…

  11. Learning to Drive and Simulate Autonomous Mobile Robots

    E-print Network

    Förster, Alexander

    not yet been reached, the controller provides a higher PWM signal. PID (propor- tional, integral for several PID controllers can be learned adaptively by driving an omni directional robot on a #12;eld while this information to their motors. Pulse width modulation (PWM) is frequently used to control their rotational

  12. Mobile Enhanced Learning in a South African Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jantjies, Mmaki; Joy, Mike

    2015-01-01

    Multilingual classrooms in developing countries are often challenged by a lack of digital resources and technology which supports their multilingual learning process. "Code-switching" is a phenomenon common to multilingual schools where learners are taught in a language which is not their first language. In these environments,…

  13. A cognitive approach to vision for a mobile robot

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Benjamin, D. Paul; Funk, Christopher; Lyons, Damian

    2013-05-01

    We describe a cognitive vision system for a mobile robot. This system works in a manner similar to the human vision system, using saccadic, vergence and pursuit movements to extract information from visual input. At each fixation, the system builds a 3D model of a small region, combining information about distance, shape, texture and motion. These 3D models are embedded within an overall 3D model of the robot's environment. This approach turns the computer vision problem into a search problem, with the goal of constructing a physically realistic model of the entire environment. At each step, the vision system selects a point in the visual input to focus on. The distance, shape, texture and motion information are computed in a small region and used to build a mesh in a 3D virtual world. Background knowledge is used to extend this structure as appropriate, e.g. if a patch of wall is seen, it is hypothesized to be part of a large wall and the entire wall is created in the virtual world, or if part of an object is recognized, the whole object's mesh is retrieved from the library of objects and placed into the virtual world. The difference between the input from the real camera and from the virtual camera is compared using local Gaussians, creating an error mask that indicates the main differences between them. This is then used to select the next points to focus on. This approach permits us to use very expensive algorithms on small localities, thus generating very accurate models. It also is task-oriented, permitting the robot to use its knowledge about its task and goals to decide which parts of the environment need to be examined. The software components of this architecture include PhysX for the 3D virtual world, OpenCV and the Point Cloud Library for visual processing, and the Soar cognitive architecture, which controls the perceptual processing and robot planning. The hardware is a custom-built pan-tilt stereo color camera. We describe experiments using both static and moving objects.

  14. A constructivist approach to online college learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alfred P Rovai

    2004-01-01

    The key elements of online course design and pedagogy suggested by research as promoting effective learning are discussed through the lens of constructivist epistemology. Presentation of content, instructor–student and student–student interactions, individual and group activities, and student assessment are each addressed, in turn. The focus is on learning and recognition that, from time-to-time, all students are teachers as they bring

  15. A game-theoretic approach to computation offloading in mobile ...

    E-print Network

    2013-07-31

    acterized by a limited amount of resources, and a remote tier of distant cloud servers, .... wireless access points (APs) where mobile devices connect to, suitably .... the application or the invoked modules and with the proposed performance ...

  16. Sensor-enhanced mobile web clients: an XForms approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John J. Barton; Tim Kindberg; Hui Dai; Nissanka B. Priyantha; Fahd Al-bin-ali

    2003-01-01

    This paper describes methods for service selection and service access for mobile, sensor-enhanced web clients such as wireless cameras or wireless PDAs with sensor devices attached. The clients announce their data-creating capabilities in \\

  17. Integrating Topological and Metric Maps for Mobile Robot Navigation: A Statistical Approach

    E-print Network

    Kuipers, Benjamin

    Integrating Topological and Metric Maps for Mobile Robot Navigation: A Statistical Approach position alignment problem between potentially indistin­ guishable, significant places. The subsequent of a robot's environment. Occupancy grids (Borenstein & Koren. 1991; Elfes 1989; Moravec 1988) are probably

  18. xmile: an XML based Approach for Incremental Code Mobility and Update

    E-print Network

    Mascolo, Cecilia

    xmile: an XML based Approach for Incremental Code Mobility and Update Cecilia Mascolo, Luca Zanolin.mascolo | l.zanolin | w.emmerich}@cs.ucl.ac.uk Abstract The eXtensible Markup Language (XML) was originally

  19. International Journal of Medical Informatics (2004) 73, 631--638 Approach to mobile information and

    E-print Network

    Cimino, James J.

    2004-01-01

    International Journal of Medical Informatics (2004) 73, 631--638 Approach to mobile information-based solu- tions (as opposed to, say, requiring advances in hardware technology or biomedicine) [7--12]. We

  20. Service-Learning Pedagogy: Benefits of a Learning Community Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flinders, Brooke A.

    2013-01-01

    Service-learning is, by nature, continually evolving. Seifer (1996) stressed the importance of partnerships between communities and schools, and stated that reflection should facilitate the connection between practice and theory, and lead to critical thinking. Before these reflective activities occur, however, much can be done to maximize…

  1. Promoting Hybrid Learning through a Sharable eLearning Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bai, Xin; Smith, Michael B.

    2010-01-01

    Educational technology is developing rapidly, making education more accessible, affordable, adaptable, and equitable. Students now have the option to choose a campus that can provide an excellent blended learning curriculum with minimal geographical restraints. We explored ways to maximize the power of educational technologies to improve teaching…

  2. LETTER Communicated by Andrew Barto A Reinforcement Learning Approach to Online Clustering

    E-print Network

    Likas, Aristidis

    LETTER Communicated by Andrew Barto A Reinforcement Learning Approach to Online Clustering technique is proposed for embedding online clustering algo- rithms based on competitive learning to online clus- tering that treats competitive learning as a reinforcement learning problem. More speci

  3. A new mobile robot control approach via fusion of control signals

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eduardo Freire; Teodiano Bastos-Filho; Mário Sarcinelli-Filho; Ricardo Carelli

    2004-01-01

    This paper proposes an alternative approach to address the problem of coordinating behaviors in mobile robot navigation: fusion of control signals. Such approach is based on a set of two decentralized information filters, which accomplish the data fusion involved. Besides these two fusion engines, control architectures designed according to this approach also embed a set of different controllers that generate

  4. Defining and determining the impact of a freshman engineering student's approach to learning (surface versus deep) 

    E-print Network

    Fowler, Debra Anne

    2004-11-15

    is to measure the learning approach (deep versus surface) of first-year engineering students, test the impact of two interventions (journaling and learning strategy awareness) on increasing the deep approach to learning, and determine the relationship...

  5. uLearn: Facilitating Ubiquitous Learning through Camera Equipped Mobile Phones

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Keith Mitchell; Nicholas J. P. Race

    2005-01-01

    This paper describes a prototype application based on smartphone devices which supports independent learners within a mobile environment. The techniques employed allow children to rapidly gain access to a large repository of multimedia information through the use of a camera equipped mobile phone or smartphone. More specifically, the use of visual codes (Rohs M. et al., 2004) attached to locations

  6. A Mobile Context-Aware Framework for Managing Learning Schedules--Data Analysis from a Diary Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yau, Jane Y.-K.; Joy, Mike; Dickert, Stephan

    2010-01-01

    We report the results of a diary study to determine whether a diary approach could be used as a successful way of retrieving a) the user's learning contexts, b) which learning contexts are significant for consideration within an m-learning application, and c) which learning materials are appropriate for which learning situation. Analyses of data…

  7. Learning and Removing Cast Shadows through a Multidistribution Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nicolas Martel-brisson; André Zaccarin

    2007-01-01

    Moving cast shadows are a major concern for foreground detection algorithms. The processing of foreground images in surveillance applications typically requires that such shadows be identified and removed from the detected foreground. This paper presents a novel pixel-based statistical approach to model moving cast shadows of nonuniform and varying intensity. This approach uses the Gaussian mixture model (GMM) learning ability

  8. A problem-based learning approach to entrepreneurship education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Siok San Tan; C. K. Frank Ng

    2006-01-01

    Purpose – While it is generally acknowledged that entrepreneurship can be taught, many differ in their opinions about the appropriate methodologies to teach and equip students with the requisite entrepreneurial skills. This paper presents a case to suggest that a problem-based learning (PBL) approach practised at the Republic Polytechnic in Singapore could be an effective pedagogical approach for entrepreneurship education.

  9. Effective Learning Approaches for Sustainability: A Student Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erskine, Laura; Johnson, Scott D.

    2012-01-01

    The authors offer an exploratory glimpse into the perceived effectiveness of learning approaches presently being used to teach students about sustainability in a business school setting. Sustainability is a topic of growing importance in business and business education. Using teaching approaches generated through self-reports related to the…

  10. CMML: a New Metric Learning Approach for Cross Modal Matching

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    CMML: a New Metric Learning Approach for Cross Modal Matching Alexis Mignon and Fr´ed´eric Jurie@unicaen.fr Abstract. This paper proposes a new approach for Cross Modal Match- ing, i.e. the matching of patterns represented in different modalities, when pairs of same/different data are available for training (e.g. faces

  11. Learning Performance Assessment Approach Using Web-Based Learning Portfolios for E-learning Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chih-Ming Chen; Yi-Yun Chen; Chao-Yu Liu

    2007-01-01

    Learning performance assessment using learning portfolios or Web log data is essential in the Web-based learning field, owing to the rapid growth of e-learning systems globally and lack of assisted authoring tools for Web-based learning performance assessment. The traditional summative evaluation by performing examinations or feedback forms can be employed to evaluate the learning performance for both traditional classroom learning

  12. Larvae, Ladies and Learning: The Project Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitham, Laurel; Killoran, Isabel

    2003-01-01

    Describes the Project Approach and how it was used in a Grade 1 exploration of Painted Lady butterflies in Ontario, Canada. Outlines the students' experience with the project and examines the compatibility of the Project Approach with the Ontario Science and Technology Curriculum document. Maintains that the Project Approach supports and…

  13. An active learning approach to Bloom's Taxonomy.

    PubMed

    Weigel, Fred K; Bonica, Mark

    2014-01-01

    As educators strive toward improving student learning outcomes, many find it difficult to instill their students with a deep understanding of the material the instructors share. One challenge lies in how to provide the material with a meaningful and engaging method that maximizes student understanding and synthesis. By following a simple strategy involving Active Learning across the 3 primary domains of Bloom's Taxonomy (cognitive, affective, and psychomotor), instructors can dramatically improve the quality of the lesson and help students retain and understand the information. By applying our strategy, instructors can engage their students at a deeper level and may even find themselves enjoying the process more. PMID:24488868

  14. Dimensionality Reduction for Sensorimotor Learning in Mobile Robotics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Daniel D.

    2002-12-01

    Mobile robotic systems with a wide variety of sensors, actuators, and onboard high-speed processors are commercially and readily available. The information processing capabilities of these system presently lack the robustness and sophistication of biological systems. One challenge is that the high-dimensional input signals from the sensors need to be converted into a smaller number of perceptually relevant features. This dimensionality reduction can be performed on static signals such as a single image or on dynamic data such as a speech spectrogram. This proceedings discusses several different models for dimensionality reduction that differ only on the constraints on the variables and parameters of the models. In particular, nonnegativity constraints are shown to give rise to distributed yet sparse representations of both static and dynamic data.

  15. Transforming clinical imaging and 3D data for virtual reality learning objects: HTML5 and mobile devices implementation.

    PubMed

    Trelease, Robert B; Nieder, Gary L

    2013-01-01

    Web deployable anatomical simulations or "virtual reality learning objects" can easily be produced with QuickTime VR software, but their use for online and mobile learning is being limited by the declining support for web browser plug-ins for personal computers and unavailability on popular mobile devices like Apple iPad and Android tablets. This article describes complementary methods for creating comparable, multiplatform VR learning objects in the new HTML5 standard format, circumventing platform-specific limitations imposed by the QuickTime VR multimedia file format. Multiple types or "dimensions" of anatomical information can be embedded in such learning objects, supporting different kinds of online learning applications, including interactive atlases, examination questions, and complex, multi-structure presentations. Such HTML5 VR learning objects are usable on new mobile devices that do not support QuickTime VR, as well as on personal computers. Furthermore, HTML5 VR learning objects can be embedded in "ebook" document files, supporting the development of new types of electronic textbooks on mobile devices that are increasingly popular and self-adopted for mobile learning. PMID:23212750

  16. Family, Learning Environments, Learning Approaches, and Student Outcomes in a Malaysian Private University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kek, Megan A. Yih Chyn; Darmawan, I. Gusti Ngurah; Chen, Yu Sui

    2007-01-01

    This article presents the quantitative findings from a mixed methods study of students and faculty at a private medical university in Malaysia. In particular, the relationships among students' individual characteristics, general self-efficacy, family context, university and classroom learning environments, curriculum, approaches to learning, and…

  17. Approaches to Biology Teaching and Learning Making Biology Learning Relevant to Students: Integrating

    E-print Network

    Feature Approaches to Biology Teaching and Learning Making Biology Learning Relevant to Students: Integrating People, History, and Context into College Biology Teaching Katayoun Chamany,*Deborah Allen College, The New School for Liberal Arts, New York, NY 10011; Department of Biological Sciences

  18. To Learn More about Learning: The Value-Added Role of Qualitative Approaches to Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newhart, Daniel W.

    2015-01-01

    As we face increasing accountability in higher education, how we measure student learning should exceed the calls for an account of learning that places students at the center. Qualitative approaches to assessment and theoretical underpinnings gleaned from the qualitative research tradition may provide a way that we can support a more holistic…

  19. When Service Learning Meets the Project Approach: Incorporating Service Learning in an Early Childhood Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chun, Eul Jung; Hertzog, Nancy B.; Gaffney, Janet S.; Dymond, Stacy K.

    2012-01-01

    The researchers described in this case study how Service Learning was incorporated within the context of an early childhood program where the teachers used the Project Approach. The Service Learning project was embedded in an investigation about water and was designed to help tsunami victims in Asia. Participants included two teachers and 12…

  20. Meaningful Learning in the Teaching of Culture: The Project Based Learning Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kean, Ang Chooi; Kwe, Ngu Moi

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports on a collaborative effort taken by a team of three teacher educators in using the Project Based Learning (PBL) approach in the teaching of Japanese culture with the aim to investigate the presence of actual "meaningful learning" among 15 students of a 12-Week Preparatory Japanese Language course under a teacher…

  1. Associations between the Classroom Learning Environment and Student Engagement in Learning 1: A Rasch Model Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavanagh, Rob

    2012-01-01

    This report is about one of two phases in an investigation into associations between student engagement in classroom learning and the classroom learning environment. Both phases applied the same instrumentation to the same sample. The difference between the phases was in the measurement approach applied. This report is about application of the…

  2. Evaluating Student Perceptions of Learning Processes and Intended Learning Outcomes under Inquiry Approaches

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spronken-Smith, Rachel; Walker, Rebecca; Batchelor, Julie; O'Steen, Billy; Angelo, Tom

    2012-01-01

    Inquiry-based learning (IBL) is promoted as a teaching approach that can enhance student learning outcomes. IBL can be categorised according to scale (e.g. tasks, course/module/paper, degree), mode (structured, guided, open) and framing (information or discovery-oriented). Our research used a survey instrument to determine how student perceptions…

  3. Approaches to Biology Teaching and Learning Rubrics: Tools for Making Learning Goals and Evaluation

    E-print Network

    -Balta, 2006). WHAT IS A RUBRIC? Although definitions for the word "rubric" abound, for the purposesFeature Approaches to Biology Teaching and Learning Rubrics: Tools for Making Learning Goals of Biological Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716; and Department of Biology, San Francisco

  4. Arogyasree: An Enhanced Grid-Based Approach to Mobile Telemedicine

    PubMed Central

    Kailasam, Sriram; Kumar, Santosh; Dharanipragada, Janakiram

    2010-01-01

    A typical telemedicine system involves a small set of hospitals providing remote healthcare services to a small section of the society using dedicated nodal centers. However, in developing nations like India where majority live in rural areas that lack specialist care, we envision the need for much larger Internet-based telemedicine systems that would enable a large pool of doctors and hospitals to collectively provide healthcare services to entire populations. We propose a scalable, Internet-based P2P architecture for telemedicine integrating multiple hospitals, mobile medical specialists, and rural mobile units. This system, based on the store and forward model, features a distributed context-aware scheduler for providing timely and location-aware telemedicine services. Other features like zone-based overlay structure and persistent object space abstraction make the system efficient and easy to use. Lastly, the system uses the existing internet infrastructure and supports mobility at doctor and patient ends. PMID:20467560

  5. Two Approaches to Distance Education: Lessons Learned.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sedlak, Robert A.; Cartwright, G. Phillip

    1997-01-01

    Outlines lessons learned by the University of Wisconsin-Stout in implementing two distance education programs, a technology program using interactive television and a hospitality program using Lotus Notes to deliver courses. Topics discussed include program concept vs. technology as stimulus for innovation, program planning/administration,…

  6. A psychological approach to learning causal networks.

    PubMed

    Zargoush, Manaf; Alemi, Farrokh; Esposito Vinzi, Vinzenzo; Vang, Jee; Kheirbek, Raya

    2014-06-01

    We examine the role of a common cognitive heuristic in unsupervised learning of Bayesian probability networks from data. Human beings perceive a larger association between causal than diagnostic relationships. This psychological principal can be used to orient the arcs within Bayesian networks by prohibiting the direction that is less predictive. The heuristic increased predictive accuracy by an average of 0.51 % percent, a small amount. It also increased total agreement between different network learning algorithms (Max Spanning Tree, Taboo, EQ, SopLeq, and Taboo Order) by 25 %. Prior to use of the heuristic, the multiple raters Kappa between the algorithms was 0.60 (95 % confidence interval, CI, from 0.53 to 0.67) indicating moderate agreement among the networks learned through different algorithms. After the use of the heuristic, the multiple raters Kappa was 0.85 (95 % CI from 0.78 to 0.92). There was a statistically significant increase in agreement between the five algorithms (alpha learned through use of different algorithms, without loss of predictive accuracy. Additional research is needed to see if findings persist in other data sets and to explain why a heuristic used by humans could improve construct validity of mathematical algorithms. PMID:24048957

  7. Statistical Approaches to Learning and Discovery

    E-print Network

    's for a statistical problem based on data. Inference: Making predictions, computing statistics, expectations for reasoning, decision making, predicting, communicating, etc. Task is often not well specified. 2 #12 are missing in the training set, and the unlabeled xis are incorporated. 3 #12;Inference vs. Learning

  8. An Active Learning Approach to Teaching Statistics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dolinsky, Beverly

    2001-01-01

    Provides suggestions for using active learning as the primary means to teaching statistics in order to create a collaborative environment. Addresses such strategies as using SPSS Base 7.5 for Windows and course periods centered on answering student-generated questions. Discusses various writing intensive assignments. (CMK)

  9. Teaching and Learning Forgiveness: A Multidimensional Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malcolm, Lois; Ramsey, Janet

    2006-01-01

    This essay seeks to illumine the teaching and learning of the practice of forgiveness by relating a range of theoretical perspectives (theological, psychological, and socio-cultural) to the process of cultivating the practical wisdom needed for forgiveness. We discuss how a Trinitarian "epistemology of the cross" might lead one to a new way of…

  10. A Bayesian Approach to Online Learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Manfred Opper

    1998-01-01

    Online learning is discussed from the viewpoint of Bayesian sta- tistical inference. By replacing the true posterior distribution with a simpler parametric distribution, one can define an online algorithm by a repetition of two steps: An update of the approximate posterior, when a new example arrives, and an optimal projection into the para- metric family. Choosing this family to be

  11. Statistical Learning Approaches for Discriminant Features Selection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gilson A. Giraldi; Paulo S. Rodrigues; Edson C. Kitani; Joăo Ricardo Sato; Carlos E. Thomaz

    2008-01-01

    Supervised statistical learning covers important mod- els like Support Vector Machines (SVM) and Linear Dis- criminant Analysis (LDA). In this paper we describe the idea of using the discriminant weights given by SVM and LDA separating hyperplanes to select the most discrim- inant features to separate sample groups. Our method, called here as Discriminant Feature Analysis (DFA), is not restricted

  12. Some New Approaches to Machine Learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nicholas Findler

    1969-01-01

    Five different but interrelated models of learning have been established within a complex computer program. These models incorporate mechanisms that optimize response patterns on algorithmic and heuristic bases; make abstractions at different levels; produce value judgements; recognize, modify, store, and retrieve geometrical patterns; and exhibit, in general, many aspects of intelligent behavior. Both the teacher and the learner are simulated

  13. 2Participatory Learning Approach Michael Bieber

    E-print Network

    Bieber, Michael

    or projects, execute them, and then assess and grade their peers' solutions. Each stage can be performed in constructivist theories of learn- ing (Piaget, 1928;Vygotsky, 1978) which suggest that knowledge is actively-assessment are effective tools for develop- ing competencies required in professional organiza- tions (Sluijsmans

  14. Mobile Learning Centers of Minneapolis, 1971-72. A Title I, ESEA Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Sara H.

    The Mobile Learning Centers Project began operations in the 1970-71 school year with funds from Title 1 ESEA, Title III NDEA and local sources. The project was successful, so it was continued in 1971-72. The goal of this program was to raise the rate of reading growth of secondary students in selected Title I schools who were one or more years…

  15. The Potential of Using a Mobile Phone to Access the Internet for Learning EFL Listening Skills within a Korean Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nah, Ki Chune; White, Peter; Sussex, Roland

    2008-01-01

    Interest in the use of a mobile phone to access the Internet for learning English in general, and listening skills in particular, has been increasing in Korea over the last few years. However, there has been only a small number of studies on this topic in Korea. The present paper investigates the potential of using a mobile phone to browse…

  16. Curricular and Extra-Curricular Programs Supporting Improved International Learning Mobility Experiences: An Emerging Trend in Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Molony, John

    2011-01-01

    International learning mobility is a strategic and operational priority for both the federal government and the majority of universities in Australia. Dating back over a decade, successive governments have stressed the public good to be derived from having an increased proportion of students participating in mobility programs. It is seen as…

  17. Challenging multiple perspectives within e-learning contexts: a scenario-based approach for the design of learning activities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Kordaki

    This paper presents a scenario-based approach for the design of learning activities within the context of e- learning. This approach sits well within the context of social and constructivist theories of learning (1-4) which stress holistic approaches to the subject matter. In fact, a scenario is a framework that encourages learners to develop Multiple Perspectives (MP) on the concepts in

  18. An end-to-end approach to host mobility

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alex C. Snoeren; Hari Balakrishnan

    2000-01-01

    We present the design and implementation of an end-to-end architecture for Internet host mobility using dynamic updates to the Domain Name System (DNS) to track host location. Existing TCP connections are retained using secure and efficient connection migration, enabling established connections to seamlessly negotiate a change in endpoint IP addresses without the need for a third party. Our architecture is

  19. A Principled Approach to Supporting Adaptation in Distributed Mobile Environments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gordon S. Blair; Geoff Coulson; Anders Andersen; Lynne Blair; Michael Clarke; Fábio M. Costa; Hector A. Duran; Nikos Parlavantzas; Katia B. Saikoski

    2000-01-01

    To support multimedia applications in mobile environments, it will be necessary for applications to be aware of the underlying environmental conditions, and also to be able to adapt their behaviour and that of the underlying platform as such conditions change. Many existing distributed systems platforms support such adaptation only in a rather ad hoc manner. This paper presents a principled

  20. Evolutionary approaches to neural control in mobile robots

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jean-arcady Meyer

    1998-01-01

    This article is centred on the application of evolutionary techniques to the automatic design of neural controllers for mobile robots. About 30 papers are reviewed and classified in a framework that takes into account the specific robots involved, the behaviors that are evolved, the characteristics of the corresponding neural controllers, how these controllers are genetically encoded, and whether or not

  1. Mobile Task Management for Medical Ward Rounds -The MEDo Approach

    E-print Network

    Ulm, Universität

    they currently manage ward rounds in general, i.e., the communication with other healthcare professionals interactions and communication among healthcare professionals. Problems of ward inpatients become more and more user interface on a tablet integrating process support, mobile task management, and access

  2. Relations between teachers' approaches to teaching and students' approaches to learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    KEITH TRIGWELL; MICHAEL PROSSER; FIONA WATERHOUSE

    1999-01-01

    This paper reports on an empirical study which shows that qualitatively different approaches to teaching are associated with qualitatively different approaches to learning. More specifically, the results indicate that in the classes where teachers describe their approach to teaching as having a focus on what they do and on transmitting knowledge, students are more likely to report that they adopt

  3. Galaxy morphology - an unsupervised machine learning approach

    E-print Network

    Schutter, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    Structural properties posses valuable information about the formation and evolution of galaxies, and are important for understanding the past, present, and future universe. Here we use unsupervised machine learning methodology to analyze a network of similarities between galaxy morphological types, and automatically deduce a morphological sequence of galaxies. Application of the method to the EFIGI catalog show that the morphological scheme produced by the algorithm is largely in agreement with the De Vaucouleurs system, demonstrating the ability of computer vision and machine learning methods to automatically profile galaxy morphological sequences. The unsupervised analysis method is based on comprehensive computer vision techniques that compute the visual similarities between the different morphological types. Rather than relying on human cognition, the proposed system deduces the similarities between sets of galaxy images in an automatic manner, and is therefore not limited by the number of galaxies being ...

  4. Learning to Play Games Using a PSO-Based Competitive Learning Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leon Messerschmidt; Andries Petrus Engelbrecht

    2004-01-01

    A new competitive approach is developed for learning agents to play two-agent games. This approach uses particle swarm optimizers (PSO) to train neural networks to predict the desirability of states in the leaf nodes of a game tree. The new approach is applied to the TicTacToe game, and compared with the performance of an evolutionary approach. A performance criterion is

  5. Adaptive learning approach to landmine detection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yijun Sun; Jian Li

    2005-01-01

    We consider landmine detection using forward-looking ground penetrating radar (FLGPR). The two main challenging tasks include extracting intricate structures of target signals and adapting a classifier to the surrounding environment through learning. Through the time-frequency (TF) analysis, we find that the most discriminant information is TF localized. This observation motivates us to use the over-complete wavelet packet transform (WPT) to

  6. Statistical learning approaches for discriminant features selection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gilson A. Giraldi; Paulo S. Rodrigues; Edson C. Kitani; Joăo R. Sato; Carlos E. Thomaz

    2008-01-01

    Supervised statistical learning covers important models like Support Vector Machines (SVM) and Linear Discriminant Analysis\\u000a (LDA). In this paper we describe the idea of using the discriminant weights given by SVM and LDA separating hyperplanes to\\u000a select the most discriminant features to separate sample groups. Our method, called here as Discriminant Feature Analysis\\u000a (DFA), is not restricted to any particular

  7. Students' Studying and Approaches to Learning in Introductory Biology

    PubMed Central

    2004-01-01

    This exploratory study was conducted in an introductory biology course to determine 1) how students used the large lecture environment to create their own learning tasks during studying and 2) whether meaningful learning resulted from the students' efforts. Academic task research from the K–12 education literature and student approaches to learning research from the postsecondary education literature provided the theoretical framework for the mixed methods study. The subject topic was cell division. Findings showed that students 1) valued lectures to develop what they believed to be their own understanding of the topic; 2) deliberately created and engaged in learning tasks for themselves only in preparation for the unit exam; 3) used course resources, cognitive operations, and study strategies that were compatible with surface and strategic, rather than deep, approaches to learning; 4) successfully demonstrated competence in answering familiar test questions aligned with their surface and strategic approaches to studying and learning; and 5) demonstrated limited meaningful understanding of the significance of cell division processes. Implications for introductory biology education are discussed. PMID:15592598

  8. Mobility spectrum analytical approach for intrinsic band picture of Ba(FeAs)2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huynh, K. K.; Tanabe, Y.; Urata, T.; Heguri, S.; Tanigaki, K.; Kida, T.; Hagiwara, M.

    2014-09-01

    Unconventional high temperature superconductivity as well as three-dimensional bulk Dirac cone quantum states arising from the unique d-orbital topology have comprised an intriguing research area in physics. Here we apply a special analytical approach using a mobility spectrum, in which the carrier number is conveniently described as a function of mobility without any hypothesis, both on the types and the numbers of carriers, for the interpretations of longitudinal and transverse electric transport of high quality single crystal Ba(FeAs)2 in a wide range of magnetic fields. We show that the majority carriers are accommodated in large parabolic hole and electron pockets with very different topology as well as remarkably different mobility spectra, whereas the minority carriers reside in Dirac quantum states with the largest mobility as high as 70,000 cm2(Vs)-1. The deduced mobility spectra are discussed and compared to the reported sophisticated first principle band calculations.

  9. Examination of Student Learning Approaches, Reflective Thinking, and Epistemological Beliefs: A Latent Variables Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phan, Huy P.

    2006-01-01

    Introduction: The work of reflective thinking (Mezirow, 1991, 1998) and epistemological beliefs (Schommer, 1990, 1993; Schommer-Aikins, Duell & Hutter, 2005) is increasingly recognized as playing an important role in students' academic learning. Furthermore, students' approaches to their learning are also considered as contributing factors in…

  10. A Multi-Faceted Approach to Inquiry-Based Learning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brudzinski, M. R.; Sikorski, J.

    2009-12-01

    In order to fully attain the benefits of inquiry-based learning, instructors who typically employ the traditional lecture format need to make several adjustments to their approach. This change in styles can be intimidating and logistically difficult to overcome. A stepwise approach to this transformation is likely to be more manageable for individual faculty or departments. In this session, we will describe several features that we are implementing in our introductory geology course with the ultimate goal of converting to an entirely inquiry-based approach. Our project is part of the Miami University initiative in the top 25 enrolled courses to move towards the “student as scholar” model for engaged learning. Some of the features we developed for our course include: student learning outcomes, student development outcomes, out-of-class content quizzes, in-class conceptests, pre-/post-course assessment, reflective knowledge surveys, and daily group activities.

  11. Filtering for medical news items using a machine learning approach.

    PubMed Central

    Zheng, Wanhong; Milios, Evangelos; Watters, Carolyn

    2002-01-01

    We address the problem of filtering medical news articles for targeted audiences. The approach is based on terms and one of the difficulties is extracting a feature set appropriate for the domain. This paper addresses the medical news-filtering problem using a machine learning approach. We describe the application of two supervised machine learning techniques, Decision Trees and Naďve Bayes, to automatically construct classifiers on the basis of a training set, in which news articles have been pre-classified by a medical expert and four other human readers. The goal is to classify the news articles into three groups: non-medical, medical intended for experts, and medical intended for other readers. While the general accuracy of the machine learning approach is around 78%, the accuracy of distinguishing non-medical articles from medical ones is shown to be 92%. PMID:12463964

  12. An ensemble rank learning approach for gene prioritization.

    PubMed

    Lee, Po-Feng; Soo, Von-Wun

    2013-01-01

    Several different computational approaches have been developed to solve the gene prioritization problem. We intend to use the ensemble boosting learning techniques to combine variant computational approaches for gene prioritization in order to improve the overall performance. In particular we add a heuristic weighting function to the Rankboost algorithm according to: 1) the absolute ranks generated by the adopted methods for a certain gene, and 2) the ranking relationship between all gene-pairs from each prioritization result. We select 13 known prostate cancer genes in OMIM database as training set and protein coding gene data in HGNC database as test set. We adopt the leave-one-out strategy for the ensemble rank boosting learning. The experimental results show that our ensemble learning approach outperforms the four gene-prioritization methods in ToppGene suite in the ranking results of the 13 known genes in terms of mean average precision, ROC and AUC measures. PMID:24110485

  13. Walking the tightrope: developing a systems approach to balance safety and mobility for an aging society.

    PubMed

    Marottoli, Richard A; Coughlin, Joseph F

    2011-10-01

    In an aging population, safety and mobility are often viewed as being in conflict, when in fact they are two values that must be reflected equally in transportation policy. The challenge for policy makers and for society is to emphasize and optimize both. To achieve this, a comprehensive systems approach to driver health, personal decision-making and planning, community and transportation systems construction, vehicle design, and licensing regulations is needed. Such an approach requires crafting policies based on conceptualizing the issue as a continuum of resources facilitating safety and mobility regardless of driving status. The discussion that follows reviews components of the issue and suggestions for developing a comprehensive approach. PMID:21985065

  14. The Essential Visibility Graph: An Approach to Global Motion Planning for Autonomous Mobile Robots

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jason A. Janét; Ren C. Luo; Michael G. Kay

    1995-01-01

    An approach to global motion planning for autonomous mobile robots has been developed on the basis of traversability vectors (t-vectors). Through the overall course of this research it was found that t-vectors provide a utility, efficiency and mathematical stability for collision detection and visibility that cannot be matched by commonly used algebraic approaches in static and dynamic environments. This paper

  15. The Effects of Discipline on Deep Approaches to Student Learning and College Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson Laird, Thomas F.; Shoup, Rick; Kuh, George D.; Schwarz, Michael J.

    2008-01-01

    "Deep learning" represents student engagement in approaches to learning that emphasize integration, synthesis, and reflection. Because learning is a shared responsibility between students and faculty, it is important to determine whether faculty members emphasize deep approaches to learning and to assess how much students employ these approaches.…

  16. Does Instructional Approach Matter? How Elaboration Plays a Crucial Role in Multimedia Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eysink, Tessa H. S.; de Jong, Ton

    2012-01-01

    This study compared the affordances of 4 multimedia learning environments for specific learning processes. The environments covered the same domain but used different instructional approaches: (a) hypermedia learning, (b) observational learning, (c) self-explanation-based learning, and (d) inquiry learning. Although they all promote an active…

  17. An Approach for Personalized Web-Based Vocabulary Learning through Word Association Games

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jaeyoung Jung; Sabine Graf

    2008-01-01

    Learning vocabularies is an essential task when learning a foreign language. However, most learners seem to experience similar difficulties in learning vocabularies in terms of large burden and a lack of motivation. In this paper, we propose an approach for web-based vocabulary learning through personalized word association games. By applying game-based learning, we aim at making vocabulary learning more attractive

  18. Mobile transporter path planning using a genetic algorithm approach

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Baffes, Paul; Wang, Lui

    1988-01-01

    The use of an optimization technique known as a genetic algorithm for solving the mobile transporter path planning problem is investigated. The mobile transporter is a traveling robotic vehicle proposed for the Space Station which must be able to reach any point of the structure autonomously. Specific elements of the genetic algorithm are explored in both a theoretical and experimental sense. Recent developments in genetic algorithm theory are shown to be particularly effective in a path planning problem domain, though problem areas can be cited which require more research. However, trajectory planning problems are common in space systems and the genetic algorithm provides an attractive alternative to the classical techniques used to solve these problems.

  19. Students using mobile phones in the classroom: Can the phones increase content learning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rinehart, David Lee

    A study was conducted at a high-performing school in Southern California to explore the effects on learning content from students using their own smart phones in and out of the classroom. The study used a Switching Replications design format which allowed two independent analyses of posttest scores between a group using e-flash cards on smart phones and a group using paper flash cards. Quantitative data was collected via two tailed, t-tests and qualitative data was collected through observations and interviews. Results suggest that knowledge level learning may be increased with mobile phone use, but no effect on comprehension level learning was found. Students found the phones to be convenient in accessing flash cards anytime and anywhere. Enthusiasm for using the phones in class while initially high waned over the 1 month study duration. Students perceived the phones to not be a significant source of distraction outside of class.

  20. A multi-stage collaborative filtering approach for mobile recommendation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Li-hua Li; Fu-ming Lee; Yu-chun Chen; Chieh-yu Cheng

    2009-01-01

    Location-based and personalized services are the key factors for promoting user satisfaction. However, most service providers did not consider the needs of mobile user in terms of their location and event-participation. Consequently, the service provider may lose the chance for better service and profit. In this paper, we present a Multi-stage Collaborative Filtering (MSCF) process to provide event recommendation based

  1. Mobile Agents in Healthcare, a Distributed Intelligence Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Abraham Martín-Campillo; Carles Martínez-García; Jordi Cucurull; Ramon Martí; Sergi Robles; Joan Borrell

    \\u000a The information in healthcare institutions is generally managed by computer applications deployed in medical centers. Usually,\\u000a each organization has its own system, which is normally proprietary and makes it difficult the exchange of information with\\u000a other institutions. This chapter discusses the use of mobile agent technology [51,7] as an enabler of open distributed eHealth\\u000a applications. More precisely, it describes some

  2. The Homegrown Mobile Catalog: A Quick, Inexpensive Approach to Expanding Access

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ken Irwin

    2011-01-01

    A combination of cascading style sheets, hypertext markup language, and JavaScript can be used to create interfaces that work for both full-screen and mobile\\/small-screen devices. This approach can be applied to a library's online public-access catalog to create a mobile-friendly interface that retains the features of the full online public-access catalog. In this article the author documents the design and

  3. An Intelligent E-Learning Software for Learning to Write Correct Chinese Characters on Mobile Devices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tam, Vincent

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: Learning Chinese is unquestionably very important and popular worldwide with the fast economic growth of China. To most foreigners and also local students, one of the major challenges in learning Chinese is to write Chinese characters in correct stroke sequences that are considered as significant in the Chinese culture. However, due to…

  4. A developmental approach to learning causal models for cyber security

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mugan, Jonathan

    2013-05-01

    To keep pace with our adversaries, we must expand the scope of machine learning and reasoning to address the breadth of possible attacks. One approach is to employ an algorithm to learn a set of causal models that describes the entire cyber network and each host end node. Such a learning algorithm would run continuously on the system and monitor activity in real time. With a set of causal models, the algorithm could anticipate novel attacks, take actions to thwart them, and predict the second-order effects flood of information, and the algorithm would have to determine which streams of that flood were relevant in which situations. This paper will present the results of efforts toward the application of a developmental learning algorithm to the problem of cyber security. The algorithm is modeled on the principles of human developmental learning and is designed to allow an agent to learn about the computer system in which it resides through active exploration. Children are flexible learners who acquire knowledge by actively exploring their environment and making predictions about what they will find,1, 2 and our algorithm is inspired by the work of the developmental psychologist Jean Piaget.3 Piaget described how children construct knowledge in stages and learn new concepts on top of those they already know. Developmental learning allows our algorithm to focus on subsets of the environment that are most helpful for learning given its current knowledge. In experiments, the algorithm was able to learn the conditions for file exfiltration and use that knowledge to protect sensitive files.

  5. Learning strategies and study approaches of postsecondary students with dyslexia.

    PubMed

    Kirby, John R; Silvestri, Robert; Allingham, Beth H; Parrila, Rauno; La Fave, Chantal B

    2008-01-01

    The present study describes the self-reported learning strategies and study approaches of college and university students with and without dyslexia and examines the relationship of those characteristics with reading ability. Students with (n = 36) and without (n = 66) dyslexia completed tests measuring reading rate, reading comprehension, reading history, learning strategies, and learning approaches. The results indicated that students without dyslexia obtained significantly higher scores than students with dyslexia in their reported use of selecting main ideas and test taking strategies. Students with dyslexia reported significantly greater use of study aids and time management strategies in comparison to students without dyslexia. Moreover, university students with dyslexia were significantly more likely to report a deep approach to learning in comparison to university students without dyslexia. Reading ability correlated positively with selecting main ideas and test taking strategies and negatively with use of study aids. The authors interpret the learning strategy results as consequences of and compensations for the difficulties that students with dyslexia have in word reading. PMID:18274505

  6. A probabilistic learning approach for document indexing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Norbert Fuhr; Chris Buckley

    1991-01-01

    We describe a method for probabilistic document indexing using relevance feedback datathat has been collected from a set of queries. Our approach is based on three new concepts:(1) Abstraction from specific terms and documents, which overcomes the restriction of limitedrelevance information for parameter estimation. (2) Flexibility of the representation, whichallows the integration of new text analysis and knowledge-based methods in

  7. A Supervised Machine Learning Approach to Toponym Disambiguation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    You-Heng Hu; Linlin Ge

    2007-01-01

    This chapter presents a toponym disambiguation approach based on supervised machine learning. The proposed approach uses a\\u000a simple hierarchical geographic relationship model to describe geographic entities and geographic relationships among them.\\u000a The disambiguation procedure begins with the identification of toponyms in documents by applying and extending the state-of-the-art\\u000a named entity recognition technologies and then performs disambiguation as a supervised classification

  8. A systems approach to the commercialization of space communications technology - The NASA\\/JPL Mobile Satellite Program

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William J. Weber III; Valerie W. Gray; Byron Jackson; Laura C. Steele

    1991-01-01

    This paper discusss the systems approach taken by NASA and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in the commercialization of land-mobile satellite services (LMSS) in the United States. As the lead center for NASA's Mobile Satellite Program, JPL was involved in identifying and addressing many of the key barriers to commercialization of mobile satellite communications, including technical, economic, regulatory and institutional risks,

  9. Understanding the Science-Learning Environment: A Genetically Sensitive Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haworth, Claire M. A.; Davis, Oliver S. P.; Hanscombe, Ken B.; Kovas, Yulia; Dale, Philip S.; Plomin, Robert

    2013-01-01

    Previous studies have shown that environmental influences on school science performance increase in importance from primary to secondary school. Here we assess for the first time the relationship between the science-learning environment and science performance using a genetically sensitive approach to investigate the aetiology of this link. 3000…

  10. Approaches and Strategies in Next Generation Science Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khine, Myint Swe, Ed.; Saleh, Issa M., Ed.

    2013-01-01

    "Approaches and Strategies in Next Generation Science Learning" examines the challenges involved in the development of modern curriculum models, teaching strategies, and assessments in science education in order to prepare future students in the 21st century economies. This comprehensive collection of research brings together science educators,…

  11. Liberal Arts Student Learning Outcomes: An Integrated Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Patricia M.; Brown, Marie Kendall; Lindsay, Nathan K.; VanHecke, JoNes R.

    2007-01-01

    The overarching goal of a liberal arts education is to provide students with the necessary skills to construct lives of substance and achievement, helping them to become wise citizens. By offering programs and implementing practices that adopt an integrated and holistic approach to student learning outcomes, institutions of higher education may be…

  12. A Multiple Cross-Cultural Comparison of Approaches to Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowden, Mark P.; Abhayawansa, Subhash; Manzin, Gregoria

    2015-01-01

    This study compares learning approaches of local English-speaking students and students from Asian countries studying at an Australian metropolitan university. The sample consists of students across 13 different countries. Unlike previous studies, students from Asian countries are subdivided into two categories: students from Confucian Heritage…

  13. Blended University Teaching Using Virtual Learning Environments: Conceptions and Approaches

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lameras, Petros; Levy, Philippa; Paraskakis, Iraklis; Webber, Sheila

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports findings from a phenomenographic investigation into blended university teaching using virtual learning environments (VLEs). Interviews with 25 Computer Science teachers in Greek universities illuminated a spectrum of teachers' conceptions and approaches from "teacher-focused and content-oriented", through "student-focused and…

  14. A Genetic Programming Approach to Inductive Learning K. Lavangnananda

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Thomas

    in genetic algorithms. The program has been tested on a benchmark data set. It achieved better performanceA Genetic Programming Approach to Inductive Learning K. Lavangnananda School of Information benefits includes the ability to cluster or generate patterns from large amount of data when conventional

  15. A Problem-Based Learning Approach to Entrepreneurship Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tan, Siok San; Ng, C. K. Frank

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: While it is generally acknowledged that entrepreneurship can be taught, many differ in their opinions about the appropriate methodologies to teach and equip students with the requisite entrepreneurial skills. This paper presents a case to suggest that a problem-based learning (PBL) approach practised at the Republic Polytechnic in…

  16. Learning Based Adaptive Denoising Approach for Image Interpolation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zongliang Gan; Lina Qi; Xiuchang Zhu

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we propose an effective image interpolation framework through learning based adaptive denoisng approach. In the local area, error pattern between original image and interpolated image is treated as stationary Gaussian distribution. Under the initial estimation, the proposed method apply the patch as the basic unit, in which Multiclass SVM classifier is used to determine iteration number and

  17. Developing a Student-Centered Approach to Reflective Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stefani, Lorraine A. J.; Clarke, Joe; Littlejohn, Allison H.

    2000-01-01

    Presents a student-centered approach to reflective learning through a partnership between disciplinary-based academic staff and educational development staff members in a postgraduate Environmental Engineering Postgraduate Diploma/MSc program at the University of Strathclyde. Students were encouraged to maintain project management logbooks to…

  18. Two supervised learning approaches for name disambiguation in author citations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hui Han; Hongyuan Zha; Cheng Li; Kostas Tsioutsiouliklis; C LEE GILES

    2004-01-01

    Due to name abbreviations, identical names, name misspellings, and pseudonyms inpublications or bibliographies (citations), an author may have multiple names and multiple authors may share the same name. Such name ambiguity affects the performance of document retrieval, web search, database integration, and may cause improper attribution to authors. This paper investigates two supervised learning approaches to disambiguate authors in the

  19. Evaluating Action Learning: A Critical Realist Complex Network Theory Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burgoyne, John G.

    2010-01-01

    This largely theoretical paper will argue the case for the usefulness of applying network and complex adaptive systems theory to an understanding of action learning and the challenge it is evaluating. This approach, it will be argued, is particularly helpful in the context of improving capability in dealing with wicked problems spread around…

  20. Beyond Learning by Doing: The Brain Compatible Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Jay W.

    2002-01-01

    Principles of brain-based learning, including pattern and meaning making, parallel processing, and the role of stress and threat, are explained, along with their connections to longstanding practices of experiential education. The Brain Compatible Approach is one avenue for clarifying to mainstream educators how and why experiential methods are…

  1. A MULTISTRATEGY APPROACH TO LEARNING CONTROL FROM HUMAN SKILLS

    E-print Network

    Sammut, Claude

    ://www.cse.unsw.edu.au/~claude Abstract: Behavioural cloning seeks to build models of human skill by using observations of the performance. MOTIVATION Behavioural cloning seeks to build models of human skill by using observations of the performanceA MULTISTRATEGY APPROACH TO LEARNING CONTROL FROM HUMAN SKILLS Claude Sammut School of Computer

  2. Minitheories: A Modular Approach to Learning Applied to Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Claxton, Guy

    Perspectives on a psychological approach to learning are offered in this paper. Specific emphasis is directed to the assumption that children possess "minitheories." Minitheories are defined as attempts to make sense of particular kinds of experiences and are explained and delimited by the domain of experience to which they currently apply. This…

  3. Information Management in the Smart Grid: A Learning Game Approach

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Information Management in the Smart Grid: A Learning Game Approach Hélčne Le Cadre MINES Paris In this article, the smart grid is modeled as a decentralized and hierarchical network, made of three categories. These predictions will then be used as inputs to optimize the smart grid operation. In practice, it is increasingly

  4. A comparison of statistical learning approaches for engine torque estimation

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A comparison of statistical learning approaches for engine torque estimation A. Rakotomamonjy1 , R of the -insensitive norm in SVMs regularization weight factor engine speed (rotation/min) IC internal combustion that have become generalized in modern vehicles for optimizing engine performance, reducing traction wheel

  5. Machine Learning Approach for IP-Flow Record Anomaly Detection

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Machine Learning Approach for IP-Flow Record Anomaly Detection Cynthia Wagner, J´er^ome Fran://www.securityandtrust.lu Abstract. Faced to continuous arising new threats, the detection of anomalies in current operational information. For the detection of IP flow record anomalies, inria-00613602,version1-5Aug2011 Author manuscript

  6. Human Resource Building--An Approach to Service Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rajan, Sonika

    2009-01-01

    Background: Isabella Thoburn College at Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India has initiated Service Learning Program for its students through 4 issue based centers. One of the centers AIDS Awareness Center for Counseling, Education, and Training (AACCET) is in the field of HIV/AIDS. It follows 6 pronged approach to achieve its objectives and one of the…

  7. Transferring Knowledge across Cultures: A Learning Competencies Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kayes, Anna B.; Kayes, D. Christopher; Yamazaki, Yoshitaka

    2005-01-01

    At the heart of any successful cross-cultural knowledge transfer effort lies an individual or group of individuals with the skills to manage a complex, ambiguous and often stressful process. The ability to manage the knowledge transfer process depends as much on learning in real time as it does on rational planning. Yet, few approaches to…

  8. An Adaptive Learning Approach for Noisy Data Streams

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fang Chu; Yizhou Wang; Carlo Zaniolo

    2004-01-01

    Two critical challenges typically associated with min- ing data streams are concept drift and data contamina- tion. To address these challenges, we seek learning tech- niques and models that are robust to noise and can adapt to changes in timely fashion. We approach the stream-mining problem using a statistical estimation framework, and pro- pose a fast and robust discriminative model

  9. Karlsruhe Brainstormers - A Reinforcement Learning Approach to Robotic Soccer

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martin A. Riedmiller; Artur Merke; David Meier; Andreas Hoffmann; Alex Sinner; Ortwin Thate; R. Ehrmann

    2000-01-01

    Our long-term goal is to build a robot soccer team wherethe decision making part is based completely on Reinforcement Learning(RL) methods. The paper describes the overall approach pursued bythe Karlsruhe Brainstormers simulator league team. Main parts of basicdecision making are meanwhile solved using RL techniques. On thetactical level, rst empirical results are presented for 2 against 2 attacksituations.1

  10. Using student-centred learning environments to stimulate deep approaches to learning: Factors encouraging or discouraging their effectiveness

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marlies Baeten; Eva Kyndt; Katrien Struyven; Filip Dochy

    2010-01-01

    This review outlines encouraging and discouraging factors in stimulating the adoption of deep approaches to learning in student-centred learning environments. Both encouraging and discouraging factors can be situated in the context of the learning environment, in students’ perceptions of that context and in characteristics of the students themselves. Results show that students in different disciplines differ in the approach to

  11. A Workshop Activity to Demonstrate that Approaches to Learning Are Influenced by the Teaching and Learning Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kember, David; Leung, Doris Y. P.; McNaught, Carmel

    2008-01-01

    It is important to demonstrate to those taking courses for new teachers that approaches to learning have a relational nature--that they are influenced by the teaching and learning context. This article describes a workshop activity, based on the Revised Study Process Questionnaire. Workshop participants recorded their approaches to learning in two…

  12. Effects of Mobile Phone-Based App Learning Compared to Computer-Based Web Learning on Nursing Students: Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    Objectives This study aimed to determine the effect of mobile-based discussion versus computer-based discussion on self-directed learning readiness, academic motivation, learner-interface interaction, and flow state. Methods This randomized controlled trial was conducted at one university. Eighty-six nursing students who were able to use a computer, had home Internet access, and used a mobile phone were recruited. Participants were randomly assigned to either the mobile phone app-based discussion group (n = 45) or a computer web-based discussion group (n = 41). The effect was measured at before and after an online discussion via self-reported surveys that addressed academic motivation, self-directed learning readiness, time distortion, learner-learner interaction, learner-interface interaction, and flow state. Results The change in extrinsic motivation on identified regulation in the academic motivation (p = 0.011) as well as independence and ability to use basic study (p = 0.047) and positive orientation to the future in self-directed learning readiness (p = 0.021) from pre-intervention to post-intervention was significantly more positive in the mobile phone app-based group compared to the computer web-based discussion group. Interaction between learner and interface (p = 0.002), having clear goals (p = 0.012), and giving and receiving unambiguous feedback (p = 0.049) in flow state was significantly higher in the mobile phone app-based discussion group than it was in the computer web-based discussion group at post-test. Conclusions The mobile phone might offer more valuable learning opportunities for discussion teaching and learning methods in terms of self-directed learning readiness, academic motivation, learner-interface interaction, and the flow state of the learning process compared to the computer. PMID:25995965

  13. Rapid imaging, detection and quantification of Giardia lamblia cysts using mobile-phone based fluorescent microscopy and machine learning.

    PubMed

    Koydemir, Hatice Ceylan; Gorocs, Zoltan; Tseng, Derek; Cortazar, Bingen; Feng, Steve; Chan, Raymond Yan Lok; Burbano, Jordi; McLeod, Euan; Ozcan, Aydogan

    2015-03-01

    Rapid and sensitive detection of waterborne pathogens in drinkable and recreational water sources is crucial for treating and preventing the spread of water related diseases, especially in resource-limited settings. Here we present a field-portable and cost-effective platform for detection and quantification of Giardia lamblia cysts, one of the most common waterborne parasites, which has a thick cell wall that makes it resistant to most water disinfection techniques including chlorination. The platform consists of a smartphone coupled with an opto-mechanical attachment weighing ~205 g, which utilizes a hand-held fluorescence microscope design aligned with the camera unit of the smartphone to image custom-designed disposable water sample cassettes. Each sample cassette is composed of absorbent pads and mechanical filter membranes; a membrane with 8 ?m pore size is used as a porous spacing layer to prevent the backflow of particles to the upper membrane, while the top membrane with 5 ?m pore size is used to capture the individual Giardia cysts that are fluorescently labeled. A fluorescence image of the filter surface (field-of-view: ~0.8 cm(2)) is captured and wirelessly transmitted via the mobile-phone to our servers for rapid processing using a machine learning algorithm that is trained on statistical features of Giardia cysts to automatically detect and count the cysts captured on the membrane. The results are then transmitted back to the mobile-phone in less than 2 minutes and are displayed through a smart application running on the phone. This mobile platform, along with our custom-developed sample preparation protocol, enables analysis of large volumes of water (e.g., 10-20 mL) for automated detection and enumeration of Giardia cysts in ~1 hour, including all the steps of sample preparation and analysis. We evaluated the performance of this approach using flow-cytometer-enumerated Giardia-contaminated water samples, demonstrating an average cyst capture efficiency of ~79% on our filter membrane along with a machine learning based cyst counting sensitivity of ~84%, yielding a limit-of-detection of ~12 cysts per 10 mL. Providing rapid detection and quantification of microorganisms, this field-portable imaging and sensing platform running on a mobile-phone could be useful for water quality monitoring in field and resource-limited settings. PMID:25537426

  14. 6th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking (MobiCom '00) An EndtoEnd Approach to Host Mobility

    E-print Network

    Gummadi, Ramakrishna

    ­ gration, enabling established connections to seamlessly negotiate a change in endpoint IP addresses) to track host location. Existing TCP connections are retained using secure and efficient connection mi---and provides a pure end­system alternative to routing­based approaches such as Mobile IP. Mobile IP

  15. 6th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking (MobiCom '00) An End-to-End Approach to Host Mobility

    E-print Network

    Akella, Aditya

    - gration, enabling established connections to seamlessly negotiate a change in endpoint IP addresses) to track host location. Existing TCP connections are retained using secure and efficient connection mi a pure end-system alternative to routing-based approaches such as Mobile IP. Mobile IP was designed under

  16. a Novel Obstacle Avoidance Approach for Mobile Robot System Including Target Capturing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El Kamel, M. A.; Beji, L.; Abichou, A.; Mammar, S.

    2009-03-01

    In this work we focused on the study of how a mobile robot with kinematic model can reach a target in an hostile environment, with one obstacle. We developed a new approach which breaks up the control law into the sum of a repulsive part ur and an attractive part ua to make a mobile robot converge to the target, while avoiding the obstacle. Our approach is based on Lyapunov technique and transformation to polar coordinates in order to built a control law without analytic switch among different cases of robot's navigation. Simulations are carried out for two scenarios of navigation for target capturing.

  17. Digital Design Mobile Virtual Laboratory Implementation: A Pragmatic Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vlado Glavinic; Mihael Kukec; Sandi Ljubic

    2009-01-01

    The omnipresence of m-devices, and especially those of the cellular phones type, certainly makes the basis for the introduction\\u000a and use of m-learning systems, but their implementation heavily depends on the area to be covered hence showing a different\\u000a degree of complexity. This especially holds for the area of digital design, where there is the need for handling logic schemes

  18. When to approach novel prey cues? Social learning strategies in frog-eating bats

    PubMed Central

    Jones, Patricia L.; Ryan, Michael J.; Flores, Victoria; Page, Rachel A.

    2013-01-01

    Animals can use different sources of information when making decisions. Foraging animals often have access to both self-acquired and socially acquired information about prey. The fringe-lipped bat, Trachops cirrhosus, hunts frogs by approaching the calls that frogs produce to attract mates. We examined how the reliability of self-acquired prey cues affects social learning of novel prey cues. We trained bats to associate an artificial acoustic cue (mobile phone ringtone) with food rewards. Bats were assigned to treatments in which the trained cue was either an unreliable indicator of reward (rewarded 50% of the presentations) or a reliable indicator (rewarded 100% of the presentations), and they were exposed to a conspecific tutor foraging on a reliable (rewarded 100%) novel cue or to the novel cue with no tutor. Bats whose trained cue was unreliable and who had a tutor were significantly more likely to preferentially approach the novel cue when compared with bats whose trained cue was reliable, and to bats that had no tutor. Reliability of self-acquired prey cues therefore affects social learning of novel prey cues by frog-eating bats. Examining when animals use social information to learn about novel prey is key to understanding the social transmission of foraging innovations. PMID:24266035

  19. Learning to rank order — a distance-based approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dobrska, Maria; Wang, Hui; Blackburn, William

    Learning to rank order is a machine learning paradigm that is different to the common machine learning paradigms: learning to classify cluster or approximate. It has the potential to reveal more hidden knowledge in data than classification. Cohen, Schapire and Singer were early investigators of this problem. They took a preference-based approach where pairwise preferences were combined into a total ordering. It is however not always possible to have knowledge of pairwise preferences. In this paper we consider a distance-based approach to ordering, where the ordering of alternatives is predicted on the basis of their distances to a query. To learn such an ordering function we consider two orderings: one is the actual ordering and another one is the predicted ordering. We aim to maximise the agreement of the two orderings by varying the parameters of a distance function, resulting in a trained distance function which is taken to be the ordering function. We evaluated this work by comparing the trained distance and the untrained distance in an experiment on public data. Results show that the trained distance leads in general to a higher degree of agreement than untrained distance.

  20. A Practical Approach to Assessing Patient Learning Needs

    PubMed Central

    Skiff, Anna; Goodwin, Norma J.; Goldstein, Marjorie F.

    1981-01-01

    A practical approach for assessing patient education needs in the ambulatory care setting was developed, tested, and administered to 100 individuals with four non-acute clinical problems. The approach allowed collection, with a single instrument, of a range of information pertinent to the management of a wide mix of disorders. Knowledge about diagnosis, medications, nonmedicinal procedures, emergency situations, and prognosis was collected as well as self-estimation of knowledge and personal information needs. While the assessment can be conducted by a physician, nurse, mid-level practitioner, or health educator in approximately five minutes, it can also be conducted in approximately ten minutes by other appropriately trained personnel. The information gained is useful to clinicians, health educators, and administrators. This practical approach to the assessment of patient learning needs is considered to have applicability for numerous conditions and a variety of clinical settings. The condensed patient learning needs assessment tool is provided (Table 1). PMID:7241612