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1

(Re)Conceptualizing Design Approaches for Mobile Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An exploratory study conducted at George Brown College in Toronto, Canada between 2007 and 2009 investigated language learning with mobile devices as an approach to augmenting ESP learning by taking learning outside the classroom into the real-world context. In common with findings at other community colleges, this study identified inadequate…

Hoven, Debra; Palalas, Agnieszka

2011-01-01

2

Investigating Acceptance toward Mobile Learning to Assist Individual Knowledge Management: Based on Activity Theory Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile devices could facilitate human interaction and access to knowledge resources anytime and anywhere. With respect to wide application possibilities of mobile learning, investigating learners' acceptance towards it is an essential issue. Based on activity theory approach, this research explores positive factors for the acceptance of m-learning

Liaw, Shu-Sheng; Hatala, Marek; Huang, Hsiu-Mei

2010-01-01

3

An approach and implementation of Chinese character learning based on Mobile Game-Based Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of Chinese language learners is large and rapidly growing. Among all the factors associated with language learning, Chinese character is the most difficult one for foreigners. In order to provide a method for Chinese character learning, this paper designs a novel learning software, which is an application of Chinese Character Mobile Game-Based Learning (CCMGBL) under the comparison between

Yuying Wang; Yang Ji; Chunhong Zhang; Li Sun

2010-01-01

4

Mathematics and Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues for an approach to mobile learning that leverages students' informal digital practices as resources for designing mathematics classrooms activities. We briefly describe two exploratory designs along these lines, one featuring the use of photos taken by students outside class and the other centered on their recording and…

White, Tobin; Martin, Lee

2014-01-01

5

Interactive mobile learning: a pilot study of a new approach for sport science and medical undergraduate students.  

PubMed

Mobile learning has increasingly become interwoven into the fabric of learning and teaching in the United Kingdom higher education sector, and as technological issues become addressed, this phenomena has accelerated. The aim of the study was to examine whether learning using a mobile learning device (Samsung NC10 Netbook) loaded with interactive exercises promoted learning compared with a traditional library exercise. Using a randomized trial, 55 students from an undergraduate sports science course (n = 28) and medical course (n = 27) volunteered to participate in this study. A mixed-model design ANOVA was used to examine the percent change in test score after a 3-wk intervention. Results showed that there was a significant difference between the two courses (P < 0.001), methods (P = 0.01), and trials (P < 0.001). The findings suggested that both methods augmented student knowledge and understanding in sports science and medical students. The sports science group demonstrated proportionally greater increases in test performance when exposed to the mobile interactive intervention compared with the traditional library approach. Qualitative data suggest an increased level of engagement with the Netbooks due to the stimulating interactive content. In conclusion, the Netbooks were an effective additional learning tool, significantly enhancing knowledge and understanding in students. Further research should ensure that participants are assessed for preferred learning styles, the subjective task value of expectancy value, and readiness for mobile learning to ascertain if this has an effect on the potential for using mobile learning and interactivity. PMID:24292904

Bruce-Low, S S; Burnet, S; Arber, K; Price, D; Webster, L; Stopforth, M

2013-12-01

6

Mobile Learning Anytime, Anywhere  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some educational institutions are taking the leap to mobile learning (m-learning) by giving out free iPods. For example, Abilene Christian University gave iPods or iPhones to freshman students and developed 15 Web applications specifically for the mobile devices. The iPod is not the only ubiquitous m-learning device. Any technology that connects…

Hlodan, Oksana

2010-01-01

7

Embodied Computation: An Active-Learning Approach to Mobile Robotics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a newly designed upper-level undergraduate and graduate course, Autonomous Mobile Robots. The course employs active, cooperative, problem-based learning and is grounded in the fundamental computational problems in mobile robotics defined by Dudek and Jenkin. Students receive a broad survey of robotics through lectures, weekly…

Riek, L. D.

2013-01-01

8

Let's play chinese characters: mobile learning approaches via culturally inspired group games  

Microsoft Academic Search

In many developing countries such as India and China, low educational levels often hinder economic empowerment. In this paper, we argue that mobile learning games can play an important role in the Chinese literacy acquisition process. We report on the unique challenges in the learning Chinese language, especially its logographic writing system. Based on an analysis of 25 traditional Chinese

Feng Tian; Fei Lv; Jingtao Wang; Hongan Wang; Wencan Luo; Matthew Kam; Vidya Setlur; Guozhong Dai; John Canny

2010-01-01

9

Mobile Learning Anytime, Anywhere  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Evidence shows that portable technology tools engage students and promote learning, and the potential for teachers to add academic value to these tools is growing. Some educational institutions are taking the leap to mobile learning (m-learning) by giving out free iPods; however, any technology able to connect to wireless or mobile phone networks or to access Web-based public or private services can be used. As new resources continue to be developed, m-learning takes what we already know about the benefits of e-learning to the next level.

Oksana Hlodan (AIBS; )

2010-10-01

10

Distance Learning for Mobile Internet Users  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an overview on the current state of art in the field of Distance learning for mobile users. It mentions a large range of technologies, services and approaches that may be used to bring distance learning to mobile internet users. These technologies are supposed to considerably increase innovative e-learning solutions for the…

Necat, Beran

2007-01-01

11

Mobile Learning and Mobility in Teacher Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the mobile learning project, where a mobile device is used for educational activities. The article defines the word mobility from the educational point of view. The main perspective in this article is in teacher training. We present experiences of how mobile technology was used in teacher training, how trainees and supervising teachers felt the use of mobile

Pauliina Seppälä; Harri Alamäki

2002-01-01

12

A Multiple Models Approach for Adaptation and Learning in Mobile Robots Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper proposes a multiple models based control methodology for the solution of the tracking problem for mobile robots. The proposed method utilizes multiple models of the robot for its identification in an adaptive and learning control framework. Radial Basis Function Networks (RBFNs) are considered for the multiple models in order to exploit the non-linear approximation capabilities of the nets

A. D’Amico; G. Ippoliti; Sauro Longhi

2006-01-01

13

A learning approach for prioritized handoff channel Allocation in mobile multimedia networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

An efficient channel allocation policy that prioritizes handoffs is an indispensable ingredient in future cellular networks in order to support multimedia traffic while ensuring quality of service requirements (QoS). In this paper we study the application of a reinforcement-learning algorithm to develop an alternative channel allocation scheme in mobile cellular networks that supports multiple heterogeneous traffic classes. The proposed scheme

El-sayed M. El-alfy; Yu-Dong Yao; Harry Heffes

2006-01-01

14

Let's Play Chinese Characters Mobile Learning Approaches via Culturally Inspired Group Games  

E-print Network

. Despite a higher overall literacy rate in China compared to many other developing countries, e.g., in 2001 of literacy acquisition in India and argued that using mobile learning games for English as a Second Language to the United Nations Development Program, illiteracy rates in rural Chinese regions are about five times higher

O'Brien, James F.

15

Interactive Mobile Learning: A Pilot Study of a New Approach for Sport Science and Medical Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning has increasingly become interwoven into the fabric of learning and teaching in the United Kingdom higher education sector, and as technological issues become addressed, this phenomena has accelerated. The aim of the study was to examine whether learning using a mobile learning device (Samsung NC10 Netbook) loaded with interactive…

Bruce-Low, S. S.; Burnet, S.; Arber, K.; Price, D.; Webster, L.; Stopforth, M.

2013-01-01

16

Mobile Learning Initiative (MLI) Spring 2012 Mobile Learning Campus Climate  

E-print Network

Page | 1 Mobile Learning Initiative (MLI) Spring 2012 Mobile Learning Campus Climate Assessment.............................................................................................................................. 30 A. Demographics of 2012 Faculty Mobile Computing Survey Respondents B. Demographics of 2011 and 2012 Student Mobile Computing Survey Respondents C. Example Faculty Comments from Open-Ended Feedback D

Barrash, Warren

17

Mobile Learning in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed method research study investigated the beliefs of university faculty regarding mobile learning. As well as to determine if providing technology professional development to university faculty supports the increase of mobile learning opportunities in higher education. This study used the Beliefs About Mobile Learning Inventory (BAMLI) to…

Fraga, Lucretia M.

2012-01-01

18

MoLeNET Mobile Learning Conference 2009: Research Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mobile Learning Network (MoLeNET) is a unique collaborative approach to encouraging, supporting, expanding and promoting mobile learning, primarily in English post-14 education and training, via supported shared cost mobile learning projects. Collaboration at national level involves participating institutions and the Learning and Skills…

Guy Parker, Ed.

2010-01-01

19

A Service Oriented Architecture to Integrate Mobile Assessment in Learning Management Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile Learning (M-Learning) is an approach to E-Learning that utilizes mobile devices. Learning Management System (LMS) should enable M-Learning. Unfortunately, M-Learning is not the same at each educational institution. Assessment is one of the learning activities that can be achieved electronically and via mobile device. Mobile assessment…

Riad, A. M.; El-Ghareeb, H. A.

2008-01-01

20

Activity Theory Approach to Developing Context-Aware Mobile Learning Systems for Understanding Scientific Phenomenon and Theories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile computing offers potential opportunities for students' learning especially when it combines a sensing device such as RFID (Radio Frequency Identification). Researchers have indicated that a key feature of in-field learning supported by mobile devices and technology is context awareness, with which context and functionality provided by…

Uden, Lorna; Hwang, Gwo-Jen

2013-01-01

21

Mobile learning in teacher training  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a mobile learning project, where mobile devices are used for educational activities. The main focus of this paper is teacher training. Experiences on the use of mobile technology and how it was used in teacher training, especially how trainees and supervising teachers felt about it, are presented. The pilot study was carried out at the Department of

Pauliina Seppälä; Harri Alamäki

2003-01-01

22

Supporting Distance Users of Mobile Learning Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

With a rapid deployment of mobile devices, mobile learning gives rise to new possibilities for extending learning opportunities to all social-economic levels. Nevertheless, current research on mobile learning has mostly been aimed at enhancing learning of school or college students. In this light, the paper seeks to throw light on the potential of mobile learning for distance learner communities, including

Yong Liu; Hongxiu Li

2008-01-01

23

Viewing Mobile Learning from a Pedagogical Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning is a relatively new phenomenon and the theoretical basis is currently under development. The paper presents a pedagogical perspective of mobile learning which highlights three central features of mobile learning: authenticity, collaboration and personalisation, embedded in the unique timespace contexts of mobile learning. A…

Kearney, Matthew; Schuck, Sandra; Burden, Kevin; Aubusson, Peter

2012-01-01

24

Learning for intelligent mobile robots  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Unlike intelligent industrial robots which often work in a structured factory setting, intelligent mobile robots must often operate in an unstructured environment cluttered with obstacles and with many possible action paths. However, such machines have many potential applications in medicine, defense, industry and even the home that make their study important. Sensors such as vision are needed. However, in many applications some form of learning is also required. The purpose of this paper is to present a discussion of recent technical advances in learning for intelligent mobile robots. During the past 20 years, the use of intelligent industrial robots that are equipped not only with motion control systems but also with sensors such as cameras, laser scanners, or tactile sensors that permit adaptation to a changing environment has increased dramatically. However, relatively little has been done concerning learning. Adaptive and robust control permits one to achieve point to point and controlled path operation in a changing environment. This problem can be solved with a learning control. In the unstructured environment, the terrain and consequently the load on the robot"s motors are constantly changing. Learning the parameters of a proportional, integral and derivative controller (PID) and artificial neural network provides an adaptive and robust control. Learning may also be used for path following. Simulations that include learning may be conducted to see if a robot can learn its way through a cluttered array of obstacles. If a situation is performed repetitively, then learning can also be used in the actual application. To reach an even higher degree of autonomous operation, a new level of learning is required. Recently learning theories such as the adaptive critic have been proposed. In this type of learning a critic provides a grade to the controller of an action module such as a robot. The creative control process is used that is "beyond the adaptive critic." A mathematical model of the creative control process is presented that illustrates the use for mobile robots. Examples from a variety of intelligent mobile robot applications are also presented. The significance of this work is in providing a greater understanding of the applications of learning to mobile robots that could lead to many applications.

Hall, Ernest L.; Liao, Xiaoqun; Alhaj Ali, Souma M.

2003-10-01

25

Mobile Learning for All  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents and educational professionals are asking the question, "Are schools preparing students for their future lives?" Mobile technologies such as smart phones, iPods, GPS systems, iPads, and a constant stream of information drive much of people's world and work. The use of such technologies increases with each passing day. But how often do…

Bestwick, Angel; Campbell, John R.

2010-01-01

26

A Blended Mobile Learning Environment for Museum Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of mobile devices for informal learning has gained attention over recent years. Museum learning is also regarded as an important research topic in the field of informal learning. This study explored a blended mobile museum learning environment (BMMLE). Moreover, this study applied three blended museum learning modes: (a) the traditional…

Hou, Huei-Tse; Wu, Sheng-Yi; Lin, Peng-Chun; Sung, Yao-Ting; Lin, Jhe-Wei; Chang, Kuo-En

2014-01-01

27

Mobile Learning: From Single Project Status into the Mainstream?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During recent years, many distance teaching as well as residential institutions have started to experiment with mobile learning through pilot projects as part of their e-learning and technology enhanced learning environments. The practical experience gained with the employment of strategies and approaches within distance education can assist with…

Zawacki-Richter, Olaf; Brown, Tom; Delport, Rhena

2009-01-01

28

Introduction: The Prospects for Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue that this article introduces grew out of an event, the UNESCO Mobile Learning Week, but also out of a wider and growing movement of people and organisations exploiting mobile technologies, as they pursue varied educational missions. The UNESCO Mobile Learning Week represented by contributions here was a focus for contributions from…

Traxler, John; Vosloo, Steve

2014-01-01

29

Mobile Phone Images and Video in Science Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports a study into how mobile phones could be used to enhance teaching and learning in secondary school science. It describes four lessons devised by groups of Sri Lankan teachers all of which centred on the use of the mobile phone cameras rather than their communication functions. A qualitative methodological approach was used to…

Ekanayake, Sakunthala Yatigammana; Wishart, Jocelyn

2014-01-01

30

Fostering Personalized Learning in Science Inquiry Supported by Mobile Technologies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we present a mobile technology-assisted seamless learning process design where students were facilitated to develop their personalized and diversified understanding in a primary school's science topic of the life cycles of various living things. A goal-based approach to experiential learning model was adopted as the pedagogical…

Song, Yanjie; Wong, Lung-Hsiang; Looi, Chee-Kit

2012-01-01

31

Mobile Learning: At the Tipping Point  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile technologies are interfacing with all aspects of our lives including Web 2.0 tools and applications, immersive virtual world environments, and online environments to present educational opportunities for 24/7 learning at the learner's discretion. Mobile devices are allowing educators to build new community learning ecosystems for and by…

Franklin, Teresa

2011-01-01

32

63. Mobile Learning in Developing Nations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper looks at the diffusion and applications of mobile phone technology in Asia and Africa, compared with North America. It indicates that Asian distance education can be the global leader in the development of educational uses for the mobile phone; and it considers the potential for mobile learning in Africa and other developing regions.…

Motlik, Scott

2008-01-01

33

An Exposition of Current Mobile Learning Design Guidelines and Frameworks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As mobile devices with wireless access become more readily available, learning delivered via mobile devices of all types must be designed to ensure successful learning. This paper first examines three questions related to the design of mobile learning: 1) what mobile learning (m-learning) guidelines can be identified in the current literature, 2)…

Teall, Ed; Wang, Minjuan; Callaghan, Vic; Ng, Jason W. P.

2014-01-01

34

Engaging Students in Higher Education through Mobile Learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This exploratory study reports pedagogical experiences with using mobiles phone, wikis and other mobile learning approaches such as walking tours as educational tools in the context of an undergraduate course on Chinese entrepreneurship taught at a university in Singapore. Conceptualised as mobile learning, the paper argues that ICT (information and communication technologies) devices used by students as part of their everyday life such as hand phones in combination with social media such as course wikis and other pedagogical methods such as mini lectures, field visits and walking tours can greatly enrich learners' experience provided their usage is easy and effectively integrated into the respective instructional strategy.

Menkhoff, Thomas; Bengtsson, Magnus Lars

35

Personalized Intelligent Mobile Learning System for Supporting Effective English Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since English has been an international language, how to enhance English levels of people by useful computer assisted learning forms or tools is a critical issue in non-English speaking countries because it definitely affects the overall competition ability of a country. With the rapid growth of wireless and mobile technologies, the mobile learning has been gradually considered as a novel

Chih-ming Chen; Shih-hsun Hsu

2008-01-01

36

A Simultaneous Mobile E-Learning Environment and Application  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study was to design a mobile learning environment that enables the use of a teleconference application used in simultaneous e-learning with mobile devices and to evaluate this mobile learning environment based on students' views. With the mobile learning environment developed in the study, the students are able to…

Karal, Hasan; Bahcekapili, Ekrem; Yildiz, Adil

2010-01-01

37

Reading and Grammar Learning through Mobile Phones  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an ongoing language-learning project, three years into its development. We examine both the feasibility and the limitations of developing English reading and grammar skills through the interface of mobile phones. Throughout the project, reading and grammar materials were regularly sent to students' mobile phones. Students…

Wang, Shudong; Smith, Simon

2013-01-01

38

Place-Based Learning and Mobile Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When delivered on a mobile device, interpretive tours of a locale afford powerful learning experiences. As mobile devices become more powerful, content for these devices that is individualized and location-specific has become more common. In light of this trend, Oregon State University Extension developed a GPS-enabled iPhone tree tour…

LaBelle, Chris

2011-01-01

39

Effectiveness of Vocabulary Learning via Mobile Phone  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whereas the penetration of mobile phones in Asian countries keeps climbing, little research has explored the application of the short message service (SMS) in second language learning. This study aims to examine the effectiveness of SMS vocabulary lessons of limited lexical information on the small screens of mobile phones. Thirty high school…

Lu, M.

2008-01-01

40

A Design of Grid Supported Services for Mobile Learning System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Handheld devices such as mobile phone and PDA have become widespread in every areas of life. In higher education context, these devices can be transformed into mobile learning tools which students can use to download and study learning materials anytime and anywhere. MAVGRID is designed as a system that support ubiquitous learning environment or m-Learning (Mobile Learning) environment. It uses

M. N. S. M. Sayuti; Sham Mohd; Bandar Baru Nilai

2010-01-01

41

The Current Perspectives, Theories and Practices of Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning (m-learning) is a highly popular multidisciplinary study field around the world. It has attracted a great deal of attention from researchers in different disciplines who have realized the potential to apply mobile technologies to enhance learning. Thus, mobile learning has been defined differently by different people. This study is…

Keskin, Nilgun Ozdamar; Metcalf, David

2011-01-01

42

Mobile Authoring of Open Educational Resources as Reusable Learning Objects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

E-learning technologies have allowed authoring and playback of standardized reusable learning objects (RLO) for several years. Effective mobile learning requires similar functionality at both design time and runtime. Mobile devices can play RLO using applications like SMILE, mobile access to a learning management system (LMS), or other systems…

Kinshuk; Jesse, Ryan

2013-01-01

43

A Method for Creating Collaborative Mobile Learning Trails Kevin Walker  

E-print Network

and Levene (2003) and developed in the Kaleidoscope project 'Personal and collaborative trails of digital in the Kaleidoscope network, specifically in the following activities: · the Mobile Support for Integrated Learning Enhanced Learning SIG (which has focused on mobile learning); · The Kaleidoscope mobile learning initiative

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

44

SYSTEMS APPROACH TO LEARNING.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

TO PERMIT COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS FOR PURPOSES OF EDUCATIONAL PLANNING AT SAN MATEO, FIVE INSTITUTIONS WITH SYSTEMS PROGRAMS ARE EVALUATED ON THE BASIS OF TRIP NOTES. OAKLAND COMMUNITY COLLEGE HAS BEEN COMPLETELY ORGANIZED AROUND THE VOLUNTARY WORK-STUDY LABORATORY APPROACH TO LEARNING. ORAL ROBERTS UNIVERSITY, OKLAHOMA CHRISTIAN COLLEGE, HENRY FORD…

WIENS, JACOB H.

45

Passport to Mobility: Learning Differently, Learning Abroad.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Personal mobility, which is becoming increasingly necessary in the era of the Internet and the globalization of trade, is a crucial part of the European Union's (EU) goal of becoming a knowledge society. While millions of young people, students, teachers, and trainers have participated in educational, training, and linguistic exchanges in the past…

Commission of the European Communities, Brussels (Belgium). Directorate-General for Education and Culture.

46

Realizing Outdoor Independent Learning with a Butterfly-Watching Mobile Learning System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we describe the development of a mobile butterfly-watching learning (BWL) system to realize outdoor independent learning for mobile learners. The mobile butterfly-watching learning system was designed in a wireless mobile ad-hoc learning environment. This is first result to provide a cognitive tool with supporting the independent…

Chen, Yuh-Shyan; Kao, Tai-Chien; Sheu, Jang-Ping

2005-01-01

47

USING ITERATIVE DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT FOR MOBILE LEARNING SYSTEMS IN SCHOOL PROJECTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Different approaches have been proposed on the use of digital and interactive technology in mobile learning contexts. In line with recent findings in the literature, we suggest that mobile learning systems benefit from an iterative design and development process within a holistic, socio-technical system view. This system view makes allowance for the complex dynamics between teachers, students, researchers, the multiplicity

André Melzer; Lia Hadley; Marie Glasemann; Simon Werner; Thomas Winkler; Michael Herczeg

48

Learning for intelligent mobile robots  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unlike intelligent industrial robots which often work in a structured factory setting, intelligent mobile robots must often operate in an unstructured environment cluttered with obstacles and with many possible action paths. However, such machines have many potential applications in medicine, defense, industry and even the home that make their study important. Sensors such as vision are needed. However, in many

Ernest L. Hall; Xiaoqun Liao; Souma M. Alhaj Ali

2003-01-01

49

Research Priorities in Mobile Learning: An International Delphi Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Along with advancing mobile technologies and proliferating mobile devices and applications, mobile learning research has gained great momentum in recent years. While there have been review articles summarizing past research, studies identifying mobile learning research priorities based on experts' latest insights have been lacking. This study…

Hsu, Yu-Chang; Ching, Yu-Hui; Snelson, Chareen

2014-01-01

50

Mental Effort in Mobility Route Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the mental effort required to monitor landmarks and the effect of the type of route on mobility-route training. The results revealed that the features of landmarks and competence in travel were significantly related, indicating that some environmental factors related to height and width are more easily learned when people can…

Martinsen, Harald; Tellevik, Jon Magne; Elmerskog, Bengt; Storlilokken, Magnar

2007-01-01

51

Using Mobile Phones for Science Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the EGO-TRAP project in which students' visits to the Experimentarium science centre in Copenhagen, Denmark, are structured via their mobile phones. EGO-TRAP, so called because it engages visitors in a personal investigation, has been developed with the aim of creating a structured learning experience for children visiting…

Kahr-Hojland, Anne

2007-01-01

52

Evaluation of Mobile Assessment in a Learning Management System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the problem of using and delivering educational content from the Moodle learning management system to mobile devices. The primary goal of this study was to investigate the students' habits, motivations and technical possibilities in order to incorporate mobile-learning activities in the e-learning process. A mobile quiz…

Bogdanovic, Zorica; Barac, Dušan; Jovanic, Branislav; Popovic, Snežana; Radenkovic, Božidar

2014-01-01

53

Mobile Learning Initiative Year-End Report Boise State University  

E-print Network

Mobile Learning Initiative Year-End Report Boise State University August 2012 As we mark the first year of the Mobile Learning Initiative (MLI) at Boise State University, we celebrate the work of many year initiative designed to focus our institutional attention on the implementation of mobile learning

Barrash, Warren

54

Combining associative learning and nonassociative learning to achieve robust reactive navigation in mobile robots  

E-print Network

approach and avoidance behaviors in a mobile robot based on three forms of animal learning: classical Neural Networks. 1 Introduction According to Arkin (1998), ``intelligence endows a system (biological as the acquisition of knowledge about the world (Tolman, 1932), is therefore an important component of intelligence

Chang, Carolina

55

Learning from History for Behavior-Based Mobile Robots in Non-Stationary Conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning in the mobile robot domain is a very challenging task, especially in nonstationary conditions. The behavior-based approach has proven to be useful in making mobile robots work in real-world situations. Since the behaviors are responsible for managing the interactions between the robots and its environment, observing their use can be exploited to model these interactions. In our approach, the

François Michaud; Maja J. Matari?

1998-01-01

56

Mobile Learning and the Visual Web, Oh My! Nutrition Education in the 21st Century  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technology is rapidly changing how our program participants learn in school and for their personal improvement. Extension educators who deliver nutrition program will want to be aware of the technology trends that are driving these changes. Blended learning, mobile learning, the visual Web, and the gamification of health are approaches to consider…

Schuster, Ellen

2012-01-01

57

Mobile Game Based Learning: Designing a Mobile Location Based Game  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Today’s students grow up with rapidly changing technology. They spend much of their spare time using computer games, mobile phones and other toys and tools of the digital age. These things are part of their lives. Now it’s time to redesign the educational system and to adjust it to today’s technological opportunities. The current system is out of date. It isn’t able to arouse interest in students. With new technology, schools are able to rebuild their educational system and to spark the student’s interest in learning and further education. Passive and disinterested children will be a thing of the past.

Schadenbauer, Sandra

58

Mobile Learning: Using SMS in Educational Contexts Adelina Moura1  

E-print Network

Mobile Learning: Using SMS in Educational Contexts Adelina Moura1 , Ana Amélia Carvalho2 University. The Short Message Service (SMS) technology is one of the most powerful mobile technologies in current usage. Most students own a mobile phone with free SMS which can be used for learning. In this paper we explain

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

59

Transnational Families, ICTs and Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on findings from an Economic and Social Research Council study in England about the uses of information and communication technologies (ICTs) among 15 highly mobile migrant workers within their transnational families. Using an extended case study approach including ethnographic methods and a thematic analysis, patterns…

Cuban, Sondra

2014-01-01

60

Situated Learning in the Mobile Age: Mobile Devices on a Field Trip to the Sea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on learning about fish biodiversity via mobile devices in a situated learning scenario. Mobile devices do not only facilitate relating the presented information to the real world in a direct way; they also allow the provision of dynamic representations on demand. This study asks whether mobile devices are suited to support…

Pfeiffer, Vanessa D. I.; Gemballa, Sven; Jarodzka, Halszka; Scheiter, Katharina; Gerjets, Peter

2009-01-01

61

A Pedagogical Framework for Mobile Learning: Categorizing Educational Applications of Mobile Technologies into Four Types  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional designers and educators recognize the potential of mobile technologies as a learning tool for students and have incorporated them into the distance learning environment. However, little research has been done to categorize the numerous examples of mobile learning in the context of distance education, and few instructional design…

Park, Yeonjeong

2011-01-01

62

Mobile learning: a workforce development strategy for nurse supervisors.  

PubMed

Digital technology provides opportunities for using mobile learning strategies in healthcare environments. To realise the vision of the National Workforce Development Strategy there needs to be innovation of health professionals to further develop knowledge and skills of clinical supervisors to access and gain an understanding of the value of mobile learning at the workplace. The use of digital technology by clinical supervisors was explored in 2012 as part of a teaching development grant to evaluate the use of Web 2.0 technology to develop a community of practice about clinical supervision. Prior to developing the virtual network of clinical supervisors, feedback about the use of Web 2.0 technology by clinicians was sought via an online survey. Over 90% of respondents used social media, 85% understood what a blog and wiki were and approximately half of the respondents used smart phones. More than one-third indicated they would participate in a virtual community of practice and would like to receive information about clinical facilitation at least once per week. Findings indicate both inhibitors and opportunities for workforce development within healthcare environments that need to be addressed. Support of graduate-ready nurses can be achieved through an integrated outlook that enables health professionals within organisations to undertake mobile learning in situ. A flexible and collaborative approach to continuing professional development within organisations could enhance practice development and could positively impact on workforce development. PMID:25087534

Mather, Carey; Cummings, Elizabeth

2014-01-01

63

Message Design for Mobile Learning: Learning Theories, Human Cognition and Design Principles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The demands of an increasingly knowledge-based society and the dramatic advances in mobile phone technology are combining to spur the growth of mobile learning (mLearning). However, for mLearning to attain its full potential, it is essential to develop pedagogy and instructional design tailored to the needs of this new learning environment. At…

Wang, Minjuan; Shen, Ruimin

2012-01-01

64

Growing RBF networks for learning reactive behaviours in mobile robotics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates a learning system based on growing radial basis function (RBF) networks for acquiring reactive behaviours in mobile robotics. The learning algorithm integrates unsupervised and su- pervised learning, directly mapping the sensor information to the required motor action. The learning system is evaluated through a number of exper- iments on a real robot. The experimental results show that

Jun Li; Tom Duckett

2006-01-01

65

A Mobile Informal Learning Solution for Workplace Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the development of the "MobLearn@Work" App, which emerged from a study of informal learning among five employees at different companies in China. The purpose of the study was to develop a strategy for the design of mobile learning support tools that would enhance informal learning in the workplace. The App was…

Gu, Jia

2014-01-01

66

3rd WLE Mobile Learning Symposium: Mobile Learning Cultures across Education, Work and Leisure 27 March 2009, WLE Centre, IOE London, UK  

E-print Network

3rd WLE Mobile Learning Symposium: Mobile Learning Cultures across Education, Work and Leisure 27 and universities are not collaborating as much as they could be. Museums are often seen as a place of `leisure their `personalised' trail on the web afterwards. #12;3rd WLE Mobile Learning Symposium: Mobile Learning Cultures

Subramanian, Sriram

67

Mobile Learning via SMS at Open University Malaysia: Equitable, Effective, and Sustainable  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes Open University Malaysia's efforts at enhancing the blended learning approach for undergraduate distance learners with the successful implementation of the Mobile Learning via SMS initiative. The pilot project was implemented in the May 2009 semester, and this coming January 2011 semester will be in its sixth consecutive…

Lim, Tina; Fadzil, Mansor; Mansor, Norziati

2011-01-01

68

A Review of Research on Mobile Learning in Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile devices have become attractive learning devices for education. While the majority of the existing research has focused primarily on the value of mobile learning for students, researchers have recently started exploring its potentials within teacher development. The present qualitative synthesis of quantitative and qualitative research aimed…

Baran, Evrim

2014-01-01

69

A Framework for Sustainable Mobile Learning in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While there are studies that have looked at the implementation of mobile learning in educational institutions, particularly the identification of issues encountered, few studies have explored holistically the elements that sustain mobile learning. This study dissects the findings of a longitudinal study of a secondary school adopting a personal…

Ng, Wan; Nicholas, Howard

2013-01-01

70

Autonomous Learning of Object Models on Mobile Robots  

E-print Network

, Mohan Sridharan and Shiqi Zhang. Autonomous Learning of Vision-based Layered Object Models on Mobile the complementary properties of different visual cues 13 Xiang Li and Mohan Sridharan. Vision-basedAutonomous Learning of Object Models on a Mobile Robot. In the Autonomous Robots and Multirobot Systems Workshop (ARMS

Zhang, Yuanlin

71

A Knowledge Engineering Approach to Developing Mindtools for Context-Aware Ubiquitous Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent developments in computing and mobile technologies have enabled the mobile and ubiquitous learning approach, which situates students in an environment that combines real-world and digital-world learning resources. Although such an approach seems to be innovative and interesting, several problems have been revealed when applying it to…

Chu, Hui-Chun; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2010-01-01

72

Mobile learning with Cellphones and PocketPCs  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Mobile Learning (mLearning), having drawn a great deal of attention and application in the US and European countries, is just\\u000a entering China’s K-12 and higher education. Although the use of mobile devices in education is still in its infancy, there\\u000a have been a few exemplary cases of successful use in schools. Several K-12 schools participated in a mobile inquiry program

Minjuan Wang; Ruimin Shen; Ren Tong; Fan Yang; Peng Han

2005-01-01

73

Interactive asthma learning system utilizing a mobile phone platform.  

PubMed

We developed an interactive patient learning system for use on mobile phones to inform an asthma patient about this chronic condition and enforce knowledge retention by questioning the user. The system uses a mobile phone's Internet connection to retrieve information from a database and download recorded audio files corresponding to asthma information screens. The mobile application was successfully developed, implemented, and tested on the Motorola i730 mobile phone with Nextel as a service provider. PMID:18999060

Wood, Jeffrey; Yablochnikov, Ilya; Finkelstein, Joseph

2008-01-01

74

Understanding Mobile Learning from the Perspective of Self-Regulated Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cognizant of the research gap in the theorization of mobile learning, this paper conceptually explores how the theories and methodology of self-regulated learning (SRL), an active area in contemporary educational psychology, are inherently suited to address the issues originating from the defining characteristics of mobile learning: enabling…

Sha, L.; Looi, C.-K.; Chen, W.; Zhang, B. H.

2012-01-01

75

Augmented Learning: Research and Design of Mobile Educational Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New technology has brought with it new tools for learning, and research has shown that the educational potential of video games resonates with scholars, teachers, and students alike. In "Augmented Learning", Eric Klopfer describes the largely untapped potential of mobile learning games--games played on such handheld devices as cell phones, Game…

Klopfer, Eric

2008-01-01

76

Learning to Drive and Simulate Autonomous Mobile Robots  

E-print Network

for several PID controllers can be learned adaptively by driving an omni directional robot on a #12;eld whileLearning to Drive and Simulate Autonomous Mobile Robots Alexander Gloye, Cuneyt Goktekin, Anna, Germany http://www.fu-fighters.de Abstract. We show how to apply learning methods to two robotics problems

Förster, Alexander

77

Investigating the Determinants and Age and Gender Differences in the Acceptance of Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the proliferation of mobile computing technology, mobile learning (m-learning) will play a vital role in the rapidly growing electronic learning market. M-learning is the delivery of learning to students anytime and anywhere through the use of wireless Internet and mobile devices. However, acceptance of m-learning by individuals is critical…

Wang, Yi-Shun; Wu, Ming-Cheng; Wang, Hsiu-Yuan

2009-01-01

78

An Augmented Reality-Based Mobile Learning System to Improve Students' Learning Achievements and Motivations in Natural Science Inquiry Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, an augmented reality-based mobile learning system is proposed for conducting inquiry-based learning activities. An experiment has been conducted to examine the effectiveness of the proposed approach in terms of learning achievements and motivations. The subjects were 57 fourth graders from two classes taught by the same teacher in…

Chiang, Tosti H. C.; Yang, Stephen J. H.; Hwang, Gwo-Jen

2014-01-01

79

HAWAII: A Domainbased Approach for Supporting Mobility in Widearea Wireless  

E-print Network

1 HAWAII: A Domain­based Approach for Supporting Mobility in Wide­area Wireless Networks R. Ramjee evaluation of HAWAII: a domain­based approach for supporting mobility. HAWAII uses specialized path setup. HAWAII defaults to using Mobile IP for macro­ mobility, thus providing a comprehensive solution

Yener, Aylin

80

Determinants of Mobile Learning Acceptance: An Empirical Investigation in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scope and method of study: The purpose of this study was to investigate the determinants of mobile learning acceptance in higher education. Mobile learning is a rapidly growing method of learning that utilizes mobile devices to deliver content. Acceptance of mobile learning theory was derived from technology acceptance theories. The study…

Akour, Hassan

2010-01-01

81

Exploring the Moderating Role of Self-Management of Learning in Mobile English Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although a considerable number of studies have revealed that self-management of learning (SML) could be closely related to learning achievements, there is still a paucity of research investigating the moderating effect of self-management of learning on mobile learning outcomes. Accordingly, the primary purpose of this study was to explore the…

Huang, Rui-Ting

2014-01-01

82

Mobile learning for HIV/AIDS healthcare worker training in resource-limited settings  

PubMed Central

Background We present an innovative approach to healthcare worker (HCW) training using mobile phones as a personal learning environment. Twenty physicians used individual Smartphones (Nokia N95 and iPhone), each equipped with a portable solar charger. Doctors worked in urban and peri-urban HIV/AIDS clinics in Peru, where almost 70% of the nation's HIV patients in need are on treatment. A set of 3D learning scenarios simulating interactive clinical cases was developed and adapted to the Smartphones for a continuing medical education program lasting 3 months. A mobile educational platform supporting learning events tracked participant learning progress. A discussion forum accessible via mobile connected participants to a group of HIV specialists available for back-up of the medical information. Learning outcomes were verified through mobile quizzes using multiple choice questions at the end of each module. Methods In December 2009, a mid-term evaluation was conducted, targeting both technical feasibility and user satisfaction. It also highlighted user perception of the program and the technical challenges encountered using mobile devices for lifelong learning. Results With a response rate of 90% (18/20 questionnaires returned), the overall satisfaction of using mobile tools was generally greater for the iPhone. Access to Skype and Facebook, screen/keyboard size, and image quality were cited as more troublesome for the Nokia N95 compared to the iPhone. Conclusions Training, supervision and clinical mentoring of health workers are the cornerstone of the scaling up process of HIV/AIDS care in resource-limited settings (RLSs). Educational modules on mobile phones can give flexibility to HCWs for accessing learning content anywhere. However lack of softwares interoperability and the high investment cost for the Smartphones' purchase could represent a limitation to the wide spread use of such kind mLearning programs in RLSs. PMID:20825677

2010-01-01

83

Statistical Inference-Based Cache Management for Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Supporting efficient data access in the mobile learning environment is becoming a hot research problem in recent years, and the problem becomes tougher when the clients are using light-weight mobile devices such as cell phones whose limited storage space prevents the clients from holding a large cache. A practical solution is to store the cache…

Li, Qing; Zhao, Jianmin; Zhu, Xinzhong

2009-01-01

84

Learning Mathematics in the Mobile Phone Environment: Students' Emotions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers point at the importance of emotions and its study in mathematics education. This research examines middle school students' emotions during learning mathematics outdoors using the mobile phone. The constant comparison method was used to analyze 30 middle school students' emotions while carrying out 15 outdoor activities using the mobile

Daher, Wajeeh

2011-01-01

85

Towards an Understanding of the Virtual Context in Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much of the literature theorising mobile learning emphasises the importance of context with physical and social contexts identified to date. Our work to design and implement authentic mobile simulation activities using SMS text messaging suggests that a third context may also be important. This is a virtual context, the learner-created cognitive…

Cornelius, Sarah; Marston, Phil

2009-01-01

86

Student-Community Collaboration to Construct Mobile Learning Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a project integrating mobile learning games into the author's course at Appalachian State University, in collaboration with a community partner and for the community as a whole. The process of constructing educational mobile games can be as beneficial as the act of playing. Therefore, the author's beliefs about integrating…

Wallace, Paul

2011-01-01

87

Instructor Competencies Needed to Develop Instructional Strategies for Mobile Learning in Fields of Agricultural Education  

E-print Network

Mobile learning is a fast growing form of technology-based learning. The novelty of mobile learning means educators are trying to understand how to develop instruction for this technological medium. A Delphi study was conducted using a panel...

Irby, Travis Lee

2014-02-03

88

Using Mobile Device for Learning: From Students' Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to examine students' acceptance of mobile technology usage for learning. A questionnaire designed with five open-ended questions was distributed to 20 students from the Faculty of Industrial Art and Design Technology of Unisel (Universiti Industri Selangor), Malaysia. Results construes that students were not keen on m-learning

Suki, Norazah Mohd; Suki, Norbayah Mohd

2011-01-01

89

Evaluating the Viability of Mobile Learning to Enhance Management Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A qualitative research project was conducted to test the viability of augmenting an e-learning program for workplace learners using mobile content delivered through smart phones. Ten learners taking a six week web-based e-learning course were given smart phones which enabled them to access approximately 70% of the course content, in addition to…

Macdonald, Iain; Chiu, Jason

2011-01-01

90

The Wonder Approach to learning.  

PubMed

Wonder, innate in the child, is an inner desire to learn that awaits reality in order to be awakened. Wonder is at the origin of reality-based consciousness, thus of learning. The scope of wonder, which occurs at a metaphysical level, is greater than that of curiosity. Unfortunate misinterpretations of neuroscience have led to false brain-based ideas in the field of education, all of these based on the scientifically wrong assumption that children's learning depends on an enriched environment. These beliefs have re-enforced the Behaviorist Approach to education and to parenting and have contributed to deadening our children's sense of wonder. We suggest wonder as the center of all motivation and action in the child. Wonder is what makes life genuinely personal. Beauty is what triggers wonder. Wonder attunes to beauty through sensitivity and is unfolded by secure attachment. When wonder, beauty, sensitivity and secure attachment are present, learning is meaningful. On the contrary, when there is no volitional dimension involved (no wonder), no end or meaning (no beauty) and no trusting predisposition (secure attachment), the rigid and limiting mechanical process of so-called learning through mere repetition become a deadening and alienating routine. This could be described as training, not as learning, because it does not contemplate the human being as a whole. PMID:25339882

L'Ecuyer, Catherine

2014-01-01

91

Mobile Learning Initiative Summary of Accomplishments October 15, 2011-February 1, 2012  

E-print Network

Mobile Learning Initiative Summary of Accomplishments October 15, 2011- February 1, 2012 1. Two m who are focused on the assessment of the use of mobile learning. 2. With Mobile Learning Initiative on how mobile devices should be configured for students with disabilities. 3. Relevant accessibility apps

Barrash, Warren

92

Mobile Cloud Learning for Higher Education: A Case Study of Moodle in the Cloud  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile cloud learning, a combination of mobile learning and cloud computing, is a relatively new concept that holds considerable promise for future development and delivery in the education sectors. Cloud computing helps mobile learning overcome obstacles related to mobile computing. The main focus of this paper is to explore how cloud computing…

Wang, Minjuan; Chen, Yong; Khan, Muhammad Jahanzaib

2014-01-01

93

Correlating Questionnaire Data with Actual Usage Data in a Mobile Learning Study for High School Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A mobile learning research project was conducted in Trinidad and Tobago to determine if mobile learning can assist high school students in learning mathematics. Several innovative techniques were used in this research to address the problem of high failure rates of mathematics in high schools in the Caribbean. A mobile learning application was…

Kalloo, Vani; Mohan, Permanand

2012-01-01

94

Mobile-Learning for Boise State: A Proposal to Catalyze a Transformation in  

E-print Network

Mobile-Learning for Boise State: A Proposal to Catalyze a Transformation in Teaching and Learning Fall 2011 Task Force for Teaching, Learning and Technology #12;Mobile-Learning for Boise State University 2 proposal submitted August 2011 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The integration of mobile technology

Barrash, Warren

95

Mobile Learning Support with Statistical Inference-Based Cache Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Supporting efficient data access in the mobile learning environment is becoming a hot research problem in recent years, and\\u000a the problem becomes tougher when the clients are light-weight mobile devices such as cell phones whose limited storage space\\u000a prevents the clients from holding a large cache. A practical solution is to store the cache data at some proxies nearby, so

Qing Li; Jianmin Zhao; Xinzhong Zhu

2007-01-01

96

Design and Evaluation of Two Blended Learning Approaches: Lessons Learned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we share two blended learning approaches used at the National Institute of Education in Singapore. We have been using these two approaches in the last twelve years in many courses ranging from the diploma to graduate programs. For the first blended learning approach, we integrated one asynchronous communication tool with face to…

Cheung, Wing Sum; Hew, Khe Foon

2011-01-01

97

Assessment of learning powered mobility use--applying grounded theory to occupational performance.  

PubMed

Collaboration by two grounded theory researchers, who each had developed a learning continuum instrument, led to the emergence of a new tool for assessment of learning powered mobility use. We undertook a rigorous process of comparative reanalysis that included merging, modifying, and expanding our previous research findings. A new instrument together with its facilitating strategies emerged in the course of revisits to our existing rich account of data taken from real environment powered mobility practice over an extensive time period. Instrument descriptors, categories, phases, and stages allow a facilitator to assess actual phase and plot actual occupational performance and provide a learner with the just right challenge through the learning process. Facilitating strategies are described for each of the phases and provide directions for involvement during learner performance. The learning approach is led by a belief system that the intervention is user-led, working in partnership and empowering the learner. The new assessment tool is inclusive of every potential powered mobility user because it focuses on the whole continuum of the learning process of powered mobility use from novice to expert. The new tool was appraised by clinicians and has been used successfully in clinical practice in the United Kingdom and Sweden. PMID:25357100

Nilsson, Lisbeth; Durkin, Josephine

2014-01-01

98

A Flash-Based Mobile Learning System for Learning English as Second Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explains the development of a flash-based mobile learning system for learning English as a second language (FML4ESL). Adobe Flash CS3 was used to develop this system which works on smart mobile phones and PDAs that support Adobe Flash Lite. Twelve English lessons were developed for this system. University students at Assumption University tried out this system using their

Firouz B. Anaraki

2009-01-01

99

Responses to Defense Cutbacks: The Worker Mobility Approach. Research and Evaluation Report Series 97-D.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Of the 19 projects conducted as part of the Defense Conversion Adjustment (DCA) Demonstration administered by the U.S. Department of Labor's Office of Work-Based Learning, 8 tested the worker mobility approach. The projects, which shared the common goal of helping dislocated defense workers find high-quality jobs, tested one or more of the…

Social Policy Research Associates, Menlo Park, CA.

100

Collaboration Factors and Quality of Learning Experience on Interactive Mobile Assisted Social E-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study (n = 52) examined mobile assisted in-class course using collaborative learning theories over an 18-week semester in a college level course. A self-evaluation survey containing 50 closed-ended items with two open-ended questions about participants' collaboration experience through the mobile techs was conducted during the last week…

Wang, Shengmei

2014-01-01

101

Advances in Learning for Intelligent Mobile Robots  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intelligent mobile robots must often operate in an unstructured environment cluttered with obstacles and with many possible action paths to accomplish a variety of tasks. Such machines have many potential useful applications in medicine, defense, industry and even the home so that the design of such machines is a challenge with great potential rewards. Even though intelligent systems may have

E. L. Hall; M. Ghaffari; X. S. Liao; S. M. Alhaj Ali

102

The Add-On Impact of Mobile Applications in Learning Strategies: A Review Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile devices are more powerful and portable nowadays with plenty of useful tools for assisting people to handle daily life. With the advance of mobile technology, the issue of mobile learning has been widely investigated in e-learning research. Many researches consider it is important to integrate pedagogical and technical strengths of mobile

Jeng, Yu-Lin; Wu, Ting-Ting; Huang, Yueh-Min; Tan, Qing; Yang, Stephen J. H.

2010-01-01

103

Enhancing Health and Social Care Placement Learning through Mobile Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health and social care students spend up to 50% of their course in practice. Placements are distributed across a wide geographical area and have varying degrees of IT access and support. Consequently, students may feel isolated from peers, academic staff, and resources required for effective learning. Mobile technology has considerable potential…

Lea, Susan; Callaghan, Lynne

2011-01-01

104

A Contest-Oriented Project for Learning Intelligent Mobile Robots  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A contest-oriented project for undergraduate students to learn implementation skills and theories related to intelligent mobile robots is presented in this paper. The project, related to Micromouse, Robotrace (Robotrace is the title of Taiwanese and Japanese robot races), and line-maze contests was developed by the embedded control system research…

Huang, Hsin-Hsiung; Su, Juing-Huei; Lee, Chyi-Shyong

2013-01-01

105

SUPPORTING TEACHERS TO DESIGN AND USE MOBILE COLLABORATIVE LEARNING GAMES  

E-print Network

role planning games, the latest ones tend to be designed as video games. This is not only because of the attractive and immersive nature of video games but also because computer applications can unload teachersSUPPORTING TEACHERS TO DESIGN AND USE MOBILE COLLABORATIVE LEARNING GAMES Iza Marfisi

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

106

Structural Identification and Comparison of Intelligent Mobile Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper proposes a methodology using graph theory, matrix algebra and permanent function to compare different architecture (structure) design of intelligent mobile learning environment. The current work deals with the development/selection of optimum architecture (structural) model of iMLE. This can be done using the criterion as discussed in…

Upadhyay, Nitin; Agarwal, Vishnu Prakash

2007-01-01

107

Augmented Mobility and Spatial Learning for Visually Impaired Users  

E-print Network

Augmented Mobility and Spatial Learning for Visually Impaired Users Nikola Banovic, Alyssa Background Motivation While there are number of navigation tools for the visually impaired, we hope ·Minimal, need-based Abstract This project examines challenges that the visually impaired face when

Toronto, University of

108

Mobile Devices for Learning: What You Need to Know  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Common Core State Standards call for students to develop digital media and technology skills. One way to help them reach that goal: incorporate gadgets they're already familiar with--cell phones, tablets, and smartphones--into their learning environment. Mobile devices are becoming essential to students' daily lives. According to a 2011 Pew…

Robledo, S. Jhoanna

2012-01-01

109

Reexamining the Effectiveness of Vocabulary Learning via Mobile Phones  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to reexamine the effectiveness of vocabulary learning via mobile phones. Students (N=78) from two intact classes of sophomores at a Chinese university were assigned to two groups: the SMS group (the experimental group) and the paper group (the control group). Then, they were administered a pretest to identify the level…

Zhang, Haisen; Song, Wei; Burston, Jack

2011-01-01

110

Meta-Analyses from a Collaborative Project in Mobile Lifelong Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the use of mobile technologies in relation to the aims of the European Union's Lifelong Learning programme. First, we explain the background to the notion of mobile lifelong learning. We then present a methodological framework to analyse and identify good practices in mobile lifelong learning, based on the outcomes of the…

Arrigo, Marco; Kukulska-Hulme, Agnes; Arnedillo-Sanchez, Inmaculada; Kismihok, Gabor

2013-01-01

111

Mobile Learning Perceptions of the Prospective Teachers (Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Sampling)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research is to analyze mobile learning perceptions and mobile learning levels of the prospective teachers at a university in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus according to their departments and gender. The research consists of 355 prospective teachers studying at a private university. The "Mobile Learning Perception Scale" was…

Serin, Oguz

2012-01-01

112

Using RSS to Support Mobile Learning Based on Media Richness Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the rapid development of mobile technologies, mobile learning has become a new trend in education. A better understanding of how to effectively use communication technologies to improve mobile learning is important. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the media richness of various message delivery methods in the proposed m-learning

Lan, Yu-Feng; Sie, Yang-Siang

2010-01-01

113

Primary exploration of mobile learning mode under a cloud computing environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cloud computing affects the development of mobile learning with its unique advantages. This article first sums up the traditional mode of mobile learning, analyses the characteristics of various patterns, sum up the characteristics of the cloud computing, and then make mobile learning mode under a cloud computing environment.

Xuefei Chen; Jing Liu; Jun Han; Hongyun Xu

2010-01-01

114

Machine learning techniques for energy optimization in mobile embedded systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mobile smartphones and other portable battery operated embedded systems (PDAs, tablets) are pervasive computing devices that have emerged in recent years as essential instruments for communication, business, and social interactions. While performance, capabilities, and design are all important considerations when purchasing a mobile device, a long battery lifetime is one of the most desirable attributes. Battery technology and capacity has improved over the years, but it still cannot keep pace with the power consumption demands of today's mobile devices. This key limiter has led to a strong research emphasis on extending battery lifetime by minimizing energy consumption, primarily using software optimizations. This thesis presents two strategies that attempt to optimize mobile device energy consumption with negligible impact on user perception and quality of service (QoS). The first strategy proposes an application and user interaction aware middleware framework that takes advantage of user idle time between interaction events of the foreground application to optimize CPU and screen backlight energy consumption. The framework dynamically classifies mobile device applications based on their received interaction patterns, then invokes a number of different power management algorithms to adjust processor frequency and screen backlight levels accordingly. The second strategy proposes the usage of machine learning techniques to learn a user's mobile device usage pattern pertaining to spatiotemporal and device contexts, and then predict energy-optimal data and location interface configurations. By learning where and when a mobile device user uses certain power-hungry interfaces (3G, WiFi, and GPS), the techniques, which include variants of linear discriminant analysis, linear logistic regression, non-linear logistic regression, and k-nearest neighbor, are able to dynamically turn off unnecessary interfaces at runtime in order to save energy.

Donohoo, Brad Kyoshi

115

Use of Mobile Learning by Resident Physicians in Botswana  

PubMed Central

Abstract With the growth of mobile health in recent years, learning through the use of mobile devices (mobile learning [mLearning]) has gained recognition as a potential method for increasing healthcare providers' access to medical information and resources in resource-limited settings. In partnership with the University of Botswana School of Medicine (SOM), we have been exploring the role of smartphone-based mLearning with resident (physicians in specialty training) education. The SOM, which admitted its first class of medical students and residents in 2009, is committed to providing high-level on-site educational resources for resident physicians, even when practicing in remote locations. Seven residents were trained to use an Android-based myTouch 3G smartphone equipped with data-enabled subscriber identity module (SIM) cards and built-in camera. Phones contained locally loaded point-of-care and drug information applications, a telemedicine application that allows for the submission of cases to local mentors, and e-mail/Web access. Surveys were administered at 4 weeks and 8 weeks following distribution of phones. We found that smartphones loaded with point-of-care tools are effectively utilized by resident physicians in resource-limited settings, both for accessing point-of-care medical information at the bedside and engaging in self-directed learning at home. PMID:22171597

Chang, Aileen Y.; Ghose, Sankalpo; Littman-Quinn, Ryan; Anolik, Rachel B.; Kyer, Andrea; Mazhani, Loeto; Seymour, Anne K.

2012-01-01

116

A Study of Campus Butterfly Ecology Learning System Based on Augmented Reality and Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study used augmented reality and mobile learning technologies to design a virtual butterfly ecological environment for learning butterfly ecology. Students can breed virtual caterpillars on host plants using smart phones, and become familiar with butterflyˇ¦s life cycle by observing their growth. The virtual campus butterfly ecological environment can reduce the difficulty of building and managing a real butterfly garden,

Wernhuar Tarng; Kuo-Liang Ou

2012-01-01

117

Using smart mobile devices in social-network-based health education practice: a learning behavior analysis.  

PubMed

Virtual communities provide numerous resources, immediate feedback, and information sharing, enabling people to rapidly acquire information and knowledge and supporting diverse applications that facilitate interpersonal interactions, communication, and sharing. Moreover, incorporating highly mobile and convenient devices into practice-based courses can be advantageous in learning situations. Therefore, in this study, a tablet PC and Google+ were introduced to a health education practice course to elucidate satisfaction of learning module and conditions and analyze the sequence and frequency of learning behaviors during the social-network-based learning process. According to the analytical results, social networks can improve interaction among peers and between educators and students, particularly when these networks are used to search for data, post articles, engage in discussions, and communicate. In addition, most nursing students and nursing educators expressed a positive attitude and satisfaction toward these innovative teaching methods, and looked forward to continuing the use of this learning approach. PMID:24568697

Wu, Ting-Ting

2014-06-01

118

Deployment of Mobile Learning Course Materials to Android Powered Mobile Devices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this article is to facilitate mobile teaching and learning by providing an alternative course material deployment method. This article suggests a course material deployment platform for small universities or individual instructors. Different from traditional course material deployment methods, the method discussed deploys course…

Chao, Lee

2012-01-01

119

Investigating the Roles of Perceived Playfulness, Resistance to Change and Self-Management of Learning in Mobile English Learning Outcome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although there is a growing interest in mobile learning, there are limited studies that focus on student knowledge acquisition. As applications and usages of mobile technology have become more and more accepted, it is important and meaningful that researchers and practitioners of mobile learning understand the potential factors that could…

Huang, Rui-Ting; Jang, Syh-Jong; Machtmes, Krisanna; Deggs, David

2012-01-01

120

New Trends on Mobile Learning in the Light of Recent Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the beginning of the century, with the introduction of mobile devices, use of the concept of mobile learning, became frequent, along with e-learning, m-learning, concept began to come on the agenda. It can be said that determining in what proportion and in which axis m-learning concept discussed in the literature would be important for…

Korkmaz, Özgen

2015-01-01

121

State of the art of frameworks and middleware for facilitating mobile and ubiquitous learning development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emergence of mobile and ubiquitous technologies as important tools to complement formal learning has been accompanied by a growing interest in their educational benefits and applications. Mobile devices can be used to promote learning anywhere and anytime, to foster social learning and knowledge sharing, or to visualize augmented reality applications for learning purposes. However, the development of these applications

Sergio Martin; Gabriel Diaz; Inmaculada Plaza; Elena Ruiz; Manuel Castro; Juan Peire

2011-01-01

122

Mobile Studio Experience of Experiential Learning in Electrical Engineering Class  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

All core courses in Electrical and Computer Engineering at Howard University and, at certain extent, in most engineering and science disciplines everywhere, are each taught by a combination of lecture and laboratory. The idea behind the lecture-lab combination is to help bridge the gap between the classroom knowledge of theory and the practical aspect in real world. The good idea, however, has failed to produce the necessary practice and intended result. Lecture and lab are seldom taught in the same class and, therefore, different topics are covered in two separate classes. Often, lecture and lab are taught by different instructors. Consequently, the intended learning reinforcement by active experimentation of lectured abstract concept is not realized. Theories and applications have been divided; simulations and implementations, alienated. Great is the need of lecture/lab hybrid class that unifies two components together, and equally high is the demand of experiential learning in which introduction of theories and their experiences are instant and dynamic. Behind this persistent disunity between lecture and lab, there is a practical reason: the daunting task of bringing lab into class. Traditional labs are equipped with workbenches and expensive bulky instruments. Technology development and miniaturized packaging, however, enabled to produce palm-sized instrumentation interface boards which can replace most of the Electrical Engineering lab equipment and thus can bring lab into class. A computer with the interface can become a portable lab or Mobile Studio. Mobile Studio is philosophy and pedagogy which intends to bring laboratory into classroom with a mobile, portable set of computer and scope software provided with similar functionality to that of the traditional laboratory equipment. The Mobile Studio enables the experiential learning for students in classroom through instant experimentation and verification of the classroom knowledge by producing waveforms, measuring and recording signals, and analyzing recorded data. The Mobile Studio class at Howard University made a great impact in learning enhancement of for the students.

Chouikha, Mohamed; Kim, Charles; Thomas, Veronica

2009-10-12

123

Mobile Learning: Geocaching to Learn about Energy Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The children of "Generation Z"--today's American teens--are digital natives (Prensky, 2001) who have come to expect high-speed Internet service, high-resolution multimedia, and instant communication using wireless mobile technology. Teen ownership of digital devices is at a new high according to national surveys. School…

Rose, Mary Annette; Gosman, Derek; Shoemaker, Korbin

2014-01-01

124

A New Approach to Personalization: Integrating E-Learning and M-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most personalized learning systems are designed for either personal computers (e-learning) or mobile devices (m-learning). Our research has resulted in a cloud-based adaptive learning system that incorporates mobile devices into a classroom setting. This system is fully integrated into the formative assessment process and, most importantly,…

Nedungadi, Prema; Raman, Raghu

2012-01-01

125

A Renaissance of Audio: Podcasting Approaches for Learning on Campus and Beyond  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we urge practitioners to consider the potential of podcasting for teaching, learning and assessment. Our perspective is drawn from research on IMPALA (Informal Mobile Podcasting And Learning Adaptation), which showed that there is a range of successful podcasting approaches for students on campus. After briefly surveying the…

Edirisingha, Palitha; Hawkridge, David; Fothergill, John

2010-01-01

126

Cooperative learning as an approach to pedagogy.  

PubMed

Lecture-based pedagogical approaches cannot adequately prepare students in professional and technical occupational therapy programs. Faculty members in other disciplines are turning to a well-known and well-researched teaching approach called cooperative learning, which is more carefully structured and defined than most other forms of small group learning. Cooperative learning includes several key principles: positive interdependence, individual responsibility, appropriate grouping, group maintenance, cooperative skills, and promotive (interaction) time. This article provides ideas for managing the classroom with cooperative learning activities and describes eight of them: Three-Step Interview, Roundtable, Think-Pair-Share, Structured Problem Solving, Send/Pass-a-Problem, Generic Question Stems, Double Entry Journal, and Dyadic Essay Confrontation. Each activity is applied to content embedded in professional and technical occupational therapy curricula. A cooperative learning approach to evaluating learning is also presented. PMID:9926216

Nolinske, T; Millis, B

1999-01-01

127

Learning Metric-Topological Maps for Indoor Mobile Robot Navigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Autonomous robots must be able to learn and maintain models of their environments. Research on mobile robot navigation has produced two major paradigms for mapping indoor environments: grid-based and topological. While grid-based methods produce accurate metric maps, their complexity often prohibits efficient planning and problem solving in large-scale indoor environments. Topological maps, on the other hand, can be used much

Sebastian Thrun

1998-01-01

128

Suggested Collaborative Learning Conceptual Architecture and Applications for Mobile Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This paper describes the theoretical and technical foundations for designing and developing an effective mobile collaborative\\u000a learning (MCL) environment. The paper suggests a prototype based on client-server side with the support of functional components\\u000a and working procedures, which help users to obtain contents from a server to meet the pedagogical needs. The proposed prototype\\u000a provides the best MCL environment for

Kwang Lee; Abdul Razaque

129

A Mobile Visual Analytics Approach for Law Enforcement Situation Awareness  

E-print Network

A Mobile Visual Analytics Approach for Law Enforcement Situation Awareness Ahmad M. M. Razip, Abish enforcement agencies with effective situation awareness and risk assessment tools. Our system provides users of the system and some initial feedback. Keywords: Mobile visual analytics, situation awareness, public safety

Maciejewski, Ross

130

A living lab research approach for mobile TV  

Microsoft Academic Search

More and more, a user centered approach is adopted for information and communication technologies (ICT) innovation research. One of the recently emerging concepts within this research tradition is the so called 'living lab'. A notable example of ICT innovations is the convergence of mobile telephones and television into mobile television. Within this paper, we contend that the living lab concept

Dimitri Schuurman; Tom Evens; Lieven De Marez

2009-01-01

131

Optimizing stem cell mobilization: lessons learned.  

PubMed

Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor is the pivotal component of mobilization regimens and the growth factor most often used for peripheral blood progenitor cell collections. When used alone or after chemotherapy, products with adequate yields of CD34(+) cells are obtained after leukapheresis, resulting in optimal blood count recovery after transplant. For patients who have had extensive prior treatment with chemotherapy and/or radiation, or treatment with specific agents, the yields may be limited. For these patients, plerixafor in combination with growth factor can be used to augment progenitor cell yield and ensure successful collection of target goals, with preservation of the integrity of the graft. Progenitor cells can similarly be collected by leukapheresis from patients for autologous use and from allogeneic donors, after a period of growth factor administration. Many chemotherapy regimens can be used before growth factor administration that serve a dual role of reducing tumor burden and enhancing the progenitor cell collection. Given modern methods, a high success rate exists for procurement of adequate stem cell products. PMID:25313183

Becker, Pamela S

2014-10-01

132

Classroom Learning Environments and Students' Approaches to Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four hundred and eighty-four students from two metropolitan secondary schools completed the Learning Process Questionnaire,\\u000a the Individualised Classroom Environment Questionnaire and the Learner Self Concept scale. Relationships between perceptions\\u000a of the classroom learning environment, approaches to learning and self concept as a learner were investigated. Gender and\\u000a level of schooling (junior high versus senior high) differences were examined. Results showed

Barry Dart; Paul Burnett; Gillian Boulton-Lewis; Jenny Campbell; David Smith; Andrea McCrindle

1999-01-01

133

Accelerated learning approaches for maintenance training  

SciTech Connect

As a training tool, Accelerated Learning techniques have been in use since 1956. Trainers from a variety of applications and disciplines have found success in using Accelerated Learning approaches, such as training aids, positive affirmations, memory aids, room arrangement, color patterns, and music. Some have thought that maintenance training and Accelerated Learning have nothing in common. Recent training applications by industry and education of Accelerated Learning are proving very successful by several standards. This paper cites available resource examples and challenges maintenance trainers to adopt new ideas and concepts to accelerate learning in all training setting. 7 refs.

Erickson, E.J.

1991-01-01

134

Mobile Learning Environment with Short Messaging Service: Application to a Campus Environment in a Developing Country  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss how to integrate secure, open-source and mobile-based system with the Moodle learning management system (MLMS) then describe the implementation of a campus-wide mobile learning environment with short messaging system (SMS) and how this platform is incorporated with the student's learning

Premadasa, H. K. Salinda; Meegama, R. Gayan N.

2013-01-01

135

Learning Unplugged: Using Mobile Technologies for Organizational Training and Performance Improvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, which is written by a training consultant, is intended to help organizations determine whether specific readily available mobile technologies make sense for their particular learning and performance needs. Chapter 1 discusses the mobile revolution in learning and performance, with special attention to the new work and learning

Gayeski, Diane

136

Ubiquitous Knowledge Construction: Mobile Learning Re-Defined and a Conceptual Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emerging from recent mobile technologies, mobile learning, or m-learning, is beginning to offer "stunning new technical capabilities" in education (DiGiano et al., 2003). This new genre of learning is viewed as a revolutionary stage in educational technology. However, ubiquitous computing technologies have given rise to several issues. This…

Peng, Hsinyi; Su, Yi-Ju; Chou, Chien; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2009-01-01

137

Developing and Implementing a Framework of Participatory Simulation for Mobile Learning Using Scaffolding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper proposes a conceptual framework, scaffolding participatory simulation for mobile learning (SPSML), used on mobile devices for helping students learn conceptual knowledge in the classroom. As the pedagogical design, the framework adopts an experiential learning model, which consists of five sequential but cyclic steps: the initial stage,…

Yin, Chengjiu; Song, Yanjie; Tabata, Yoshiyuki; Ogata, Hiroaki; Hwang, Gwo-Jen

2013-01-01

138

Is Mobile Learning the Future of 21st Century Education? Educational Considerations from Various Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the key trends currently affecting the practices of teaching, learning, and creative inquiry, as mentioned in "The 2011 Horizon Report," is that learners prefer flexibility and mobility. Mobile learning is gaining popularity as an emerging trend facilitating the process of teaching and learning in the 21st Century. Research indicates…

Lahiri, Minakshi; Moseley, James L.

2012-01-01

139

Integration of a Mobile-Integrated Therapy with Electronic Health Records: Lessons Learned  

PubMed Central

Background: Responses to the chronic disease epidemic have predominantly been standardized in their approach to date. Barriers to better health outcomes remain, and effective management requires patient-specific data and disease state knowledge be presented in methods that foster clinical decision-making and patient self-management. Mobile technology provides a new platform for data collection and patient–provider communication. The mobile device represents a personalized platform that is available to the patient on a 24/7 basis. Mobile-integrated therapy (MIT) is the convergence of mobile technology, clinical and behavioral science, and scientifically validated clinical outcomes. In this article, we highlight the lessons learned from functional integration of a Food and Drug Administration-cleared type 2 diabetes MIT into the electronic health record (EHR) of a multiphysician practice within a large, urban, academic medical center. Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with integration stakeholder groups: mobile and EHR software and information technology teams, clinical end users, project managers, and business analysts. Interviews were summarized and categorized into lessons learned using the Architecture for Integrated Mobility® framework. Results: Findings from the diverse stakeholder group of a MIT–EHR integration project indicate that user workflow, software system persistence, environment configuration, device connectivity and security, organizational processes, and data exchange heuristics are key issues that must be addressed. Conclusions: Mobile-integrated therapy that integrates patient self-management data with medical record data provides the opportunity to understand the potential benefits of bidirectional data sharing and reporting that are most valuable in advancing better health and better care in a cost-effective way that is scalable for all chronic diseases. PMID:23759392

Peeples, Malinda M.; Iyer, Anand K.; Cohen, Joshua L.

2013-01-01

140

Cognitive Approaches to Learning Disabilities. Third Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides an overview of cognitive approaches to learning disabilities, the theoretical and methodological underpinnings that support them, and the body of knowledge that such work has generated. Part 1 contains the following five papers: "The Educational Perspective" (Wayne P. Hresko and others); "Educational Trends in Learning

Reid, D. Kim; And Others

141

Constructivist Learning Approach in Science Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Constructivism is not a new concept. It has its roots in philosophy and has been applied to sociology and anthropology, as well as cognitive psychology and education. The aim of this research is to reveal if there is a significant difference between the means of achievement and retention learning scores of constructivist learning approach applied…

Demirci, Cavide

2009-01-01

142

A Learning Cycle Approach To Introducing Osmosis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an inquiry activity with a learning cycle approach to engage students in testing their own hypotheses about how molecules move through cell membranes. Offers student materials and teacher materials, including teaching tips for each phase of the learning cycle. (Contains 11 references.) (ASK)

Lawson, Anton E.

2000-01-01

143

The DIANA Approach to Mobile Computing  

E-print Network

and varied communication patterns. Our architecture achieves display and network independence by de- coupling the user interface logic and communication logic from the processing logic of each application. Such separation allows applications to operate in the workplace as well as in a mobile environment in which

Keller, Arthur M.

144

Learning Evolutionary Strategy for a Mobile Manipulator in Imitation Learned Tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new algorithm based on Evolutionary Strategies is proposed for finding a robot manipulation path. Next scenario is considered: Given a learned Manipulation Path in the space of configurations, a real-time optimal path is calculated when mobile robot base is in a different position and orientation near to the original localization. The optimization problem is formulated as the minimization of

C. Arismendi; M. L. Muńoz; D. Blanco; L. Moreno

2010-01-01

145

An approach to elemental task learning  

SciTech Connect

In this article we deal with the automated learning of tasks by a robotic system through observation of a human operator. Particularly, we explain what is meant by a learning ability in autonomous robots and in teleoperation systems, where several operators and several machines may work in cooperation to perform tasks. We discuss different approaches to learning in these systems and outline the features of the models they are based upon. This leads us to choose an analytical model suited for tasks analysis. We then present the software architecture for our proposed approach and show the first results obtained on sample tests. 5 refs., 9 figs.

Belmans, P

1990-01-01

146

A Transfer Learning Approach for Network Modeling  

PubMed Central

Networks models have been widely used in many domains to characterize the interacting relationship between physical entities. A typical problem faced is to identify the networks of multiple related tasks that share some similarities. In this case, a transfer learning approach that can leverage the knowledge gained during the modeling of one task to help better model another task is highly desirable. In this paper, we propose a transfer learning approach, which adopts a Bayesian hierarchical model framework to characterize task relatedness and additionally uses the L1-regularization to ensure robust learning of the networks with limited sample sizes. A method based on the Expectation-Maximization (EM) algorithm is further developed to learn the networks from data. Simulation studies are performed, which demonstrate the superiority of the proposed transfer learning approach over single task learning that learns the network of each task in isolation. The proposed approach is also applied to identification of brain connectivity networks of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) from functional magnetic resonance image (fMRI) data. The findings are consistent with the AD literature. PMID:24526804

Huang, Shuai; Li, Jing; Chen, Kewei; Wu, Teresa; Ye, Jieping; Wu, Xia; Yao, Li

2012-01-01

147

Concept Learning for Achieving Personalized Ontologies: An Active Learning Approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In many multiagent approaches, it is usual to assume the existence of a common ontology among agents. However, in dynamic systems, the existence of such an ontology is unrealistic and its maintenance is cumbersome. Burden of maintaining a common ontology can be alleviated by enabling agents to evolve their ontologies personally. However, with different ontologies, agents are likely to run into communication problems since their vocabularies are different from each other. Therefore, to achieve personalized ontologies, agents must have a means to understand the concepts used by others. Consequently, this paper proposes an approach that enables agents to teach each other concepts from their ontologies using examples. Unlike other concept learning approaches, our approach enables the learner to elicit most informative examples interactively from the teacher. Hence, the learner participates to the learning process actively. We empirically compare the proposed approach with the previous concept learning approaches. Our experiments show that using the proposed approach, agents can learn new concepts successfully and with fewer examples.

?ensoy, Murat; Yolum, Pinar

148

A Cognitive Approach to e-Learning  

SciTech Connect

Like traditional classroom instruction, distributed learning derives from passive training paradigms. Just as student-centered classroom teaching methods have been applied over several decades of classroom instruction, interactive approaches have been encouraged for distributed learning. While implementation of multimedia-based training features may appear to produce active learning, sophisticated use of multimedia features alone does not necessarily enhance learning. This paper describes the results of applying cognitive science principles to enhance learning in a student-centered, distributed learning environment, and lessons learned in developing and delivering this training. Our interactive, scenario-based approach exploits multimedia technology within a systematic, cognitive framework for learning. The basis of the application of cognitive principles is the innovative use of multimedia technology to implement interaction elements. These simple multimedia interactions, which are used to support new concepts, are later combined with other interaction elements to create more complex, integrated practical exercises. This technology-based approach may be applied in a variety of training and education contexts, but is especially well suited for training of equipment operators and maintainers. For example, it has been used in a sustainment training application for the United States Army's Combat Support System Automated Information System Interface (CAISI). The CAISI provides a wireless communications capability that allows various logistics systems to communicate across the battlefield. Based on classroom training material developed by the CAISI Project Office, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory designed and developed an interactive, student-centered distributed-learning application for CAISI operators and maintainers. This web-based CAISI training system is also distributed on CD media for use on individual computers, and material developed for the computer-based course can be used in the classroom. In addition to its primary role in sustainment training, this distributed learning course can complement or replace portions of the classroom instruction, thus supporting a blended learning solution.

Greitzer, Frank L.; Rice, Douglas M.; Eaton, Sharon L.; Perkins, Michael C.; Scott, Ryan T.; Burnette, John R.; Robertson, Sarah R.

2003-12-01

149

Lessons Learned From 104 Years of Mobile Observatories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As the oceanographic community ventures into a new era of integrated observatories, it may be helpful to look back on the era of "mobile observatories" to see what Cyberinfrastructure lessons might be learned. For example, SIO has been operating research vessels for 104 years, supporting a wide range of disciplines: marine geology and geophysics, physical oceanography, geochemistry, biology, seismology, ecology, fisheries, and acoustics. In the last 6 years progress has been made with diverse data types, formats and media, resulting in a fully-searchable online SIOExplorer Digital Library of more than 800 cruises (http://SIOExplorer.ucsd.edu). Public access to SIOExplorer is considerable, with 795,351 files (206 GB) downloaded last year. During the last 3 years the efforts have been extended to WHOI, with a "Multi-Institution Testbed for Scalable Digital Archiving" funded by the Library of Congress and NSF (IIS 0455998). The project has created a prototype digital library of data from both institutions, including cruises, Alvin submersible dives, and ROVs. In the process, the team encountered technical and cultural issues that will be facing the observatory community in the near future. Technological Lessons Learned: Shipboard data from multiple institutions are extraordinarily diverse, and provide a good training ground for observatories. Data are gathered from a wide range of authorities, laboratories, servers and media, with little documentation. Conflicting versions exist, generated by alternative processes. Domain- and institution-specific issues were addressed during initial staging. Data files were categorized and metadata harvested with automated procedures. With our second-generation approach to staging, we achieve higher levels of automation with greater use of controlled vocabularies. Database and XML- based procedures deal with the diversity of raw metadata values and map them to agreed-upon standard values, in collaboration with the Marine Metadata Interoperability (MMI) community. All objects are tagged with an expert level, thus serving an educational audience, as well as research users. After staging, publication into the digital library is completely automated. The technical challenges have been largely overcome, thanks to a scalable, federated digital library architecture from the San Diego Supercomputer Center, implemented at SIO, WHOI and other sites. The metadata design is flexible, supporting modular blocks of metadata tailored to the needs of instruments, samples, documents, derived products, cruises or dives, as appropriate. Controlled metadata vocabularies, with content and definitions negotiated by all parties, are critical. Metadata may be mapped to required external standards and formats, as needed. Cultural Lessons Learned: The cultural challenges have been more formidable than expected. They became most apparent during attempts to categorize and stage digital data objects across two institutions, each with their own naming conventions and practices, generally undocumented, and evolving across decades. Whether the questions concerned data ownership, collection techniques, data diversity or institutional practices, the solution involved a joint discussion with scientists, data managers, technicians and archivists, working together. Because metadata discussions go on endlessly, significant benefit comes from dictionaries with definitions of all community-authorized metadata values.

Miller, S. P.; Clark, P. D.; Neiswender, C.; Raymond, L.; Rioux, M.; Norton, C.; Detrick, R.; Helly, J.; Sutton, D.; Weatherford, J.

2007-12-01

150

LESSONS LEARNED Biosurveillance Mobile App Development Intern Competition (Summer 2013)  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the lessons learned document for the BEOWulf Biosurveillance Mobile App Development Intern Competition is to capture the project’s lessons learned in a formal document for use by other project managers on similar future projects. This document may be used as part of new project planning for similar projects in order to determine what problems occurred and how those problems were handled and may be avoided in the future. Additionally, this document details what went well with the project and why, so that other project managers may capitalize on these actions. Project managers may also use this document to determine who the project team members were in order to solicit feedback for planning their projects in the future. This document will be formally communicated with the organization and will become a part of the organizational assets and archives.

Noonan, Christine F.; Henry, Michael J.; Corley, Courtney D.

2014-01-14

151

Ethnography: A Learning Package Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of an instructional package for use with selected readings in a cultural anthropology course at the College of Marin is outlined in this paper. Introductory material indicates that an effort was made to create a learning package based on formal objectives spanning the readings in the course text, to respond to student needs, and to…

Kassebaum, Peter A.

152

Mobile Cloud Computing: A Review on Smartphone Augmentation Approaches  

E-print Network

Smartphones have recently gained significant popularity in heavy mobile processing while users are increasing their expectations toward rich computing experience. However, resource limitations and current mobile computing advancements hinder this vision. Therefore, resource-intensive application execution remains a challenging task in mobile computing that necessitates device augmentation. In this article, smartphone augmentation approaches are reviewed and classified in two main groups, namely hardware and software. Generating high-end hardware is a subset of hardware augmentation approaches, whereas conserving local resource and reducing resource requirements approaches are grouped under software augmentation methods. Our study advocates that consreving smartphones' native resources, which is mainly done via task offloading, is more appropriate for already-developed applications than new ones, due to costly re-development process. Cloud computing has recently obtained momentous ground as one of the major co...

Abolfazli, Saeid; Gani, Abdullah

2012-01-01

153

Risky Business or Sharing the Load?--Social Flow in Collaborative Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning has been built upon the premise that we can transform traditional classroom or computer-based learning activities into a more ubiquitous and connected form of learning. Tentative outcomes from this assertion have been witnessed in many collaborative learning activities, but few analytic observations on what triggers this…

Ryu, Hokyoung; Parsons, David

2012-01-01

154

University Students' Behavioral Intention to Use Mobile Learning: Evaluating the Technology Acceptance Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As many Korean universities have recommended the implementation of mobile learning (m-learning) for various reasons, the number of such tertiary learning opportunities has steadily grown. However, little research has investigated the factors affecting university students' adoption and use of m-learning. A sample of 288 Konkuk university students…

Park, Sung Youl; Nam, Min-Woo; Cha, Seung-Bong

2012-01-01

155

Modeling and Simulation of An Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) for Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With recent advances in mobile learning (m-learning), it is becoming possible for learning activities to occur everywhere. The learner model presented in our earlier work was partitioned into smaller elements in the form of learner profiles, which collectively represent the entire learning process. This paper presents an Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy…

Al-Hmouz, A.; Shen, Jun; Al-Hmouz, R.; Yan, Jun

2012-01-01

156

Learning Statics a Foundational Approach  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Statics is a pivotal course, whose concepts serve as the building blocks for future courses in engineering, mechanics of solids and design in particular. There is a common disappointment among many educators in the students abilities to apply the concepts to design/analyze real systems in the subsequent courses. The literature review also points to several innovative teaching pedagogies to alleviate the problems. The authors teaching pedagogy is based on the premise that students learn more effectively when the relevance of the concepts to real world problems and a systematic improvement in their skill set is tactilely, emotionally, and rationally understood. The pedagogy uses five teaching instruments: case studies, short design examples, intelligent formulation problems, concept questions, and work sheets. The paper discusses rationale behind these instruments and its implementation with examples. The results of a student survey indicate that the five instruments had a positive influence on the learning experience.

Boyer, Lawrence; Condoor, Sridhar; Jayaram, Sanjay

2011-06-10

157

Efficient dual approach to distance metric learning.  

PubMed

Distance metric learning is of fundamental interest in machine learning because the employed distance metric can significantly affect the performance of many learning methods. Quadratic Mahalanobis metric learning is a popular approach to the problem, but typically requires solving a semidefinite programming (SDP) problem, which is computationally expensive. The worst case complexity of solving an SDP problem involving a matrix variable of size D×D with O(D) linear constraints is about O(D(6.5)) using interior-point methods, where D is the dimension of the input data. Thus, the interior-point methods only practically solve problems exhibiting less than a few thousand variables. Because the number of variables is D(D+1)/2, this implies a limit upon the size of problem that can practically be solved around a few hundred dimensions. The complexity of the popular quadratic Mahalanobis metric learning approach thus limits the size of problem to which metric learning can be applied. Here, we propose a significantly more efficient and scalable approach to the metric learning problem based on the Lagrange dual formulation of the problem. The proposed formulation is much simpler to implement, and therefore allows much larger Mahalanobis metric learning problems to be solved. The time complexity of the proposed method is roughly O(D(3)), which is significantly lower than that of the SDP approach. Experiments on a variety of data sets demonstrate that the proposed method achieves an accuracy comparable with the state of the art, but is applicable to significantly larger problems. We also show that the proposed method can be applied to solve more general Frobenius norm regularized SDP problems approximately. PMID:24807037

Shen, Chunhua; Kim, Junae; Liu, Fayao; Wang, Lei; van den Hengel, Anton

2014-02-01

158

A Learning Approach to Personalized Information Filtering  

Microsoft Academic Search

A personalized information filtering system must specialize to current interests of the userand adapt as they change over time. It must also explore newer domains for potentiallyinteresting information.A learning approach to building personalized information filtering systems is proposed.The system is designed as a collection of information filtering interface agents. InterfaceAgents are intelligent and autonomous computer programs which learn users\\

Beerud Dilip Sheth

1994-01-01

159

Mobile Distance Learning with PDAs: Development and Testing of Pedagogical and System Solutions Supporting Mobile Distance Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article discusses basic teaching-learning philosophies and experiences from the development and testing of mobile learning integrated with the online distance education system at NKI (Norwegian Knowledge Institute) Distance Education. The article builds on experiences from three European Union (EU) supported "Leonardo da Vinci" projects on…

Rekkedal, Torstein; Dye, Aleksander

2007-01-01

160

Preservice Teachers' Perceptions about Using Mobile Phones and Laptops in Education as Mobile Learning Tools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research was to investigate preservice teachers' perceptions about using m-phones and laptops in education as mobile learning tools. A total of 1087 preservice teachers participated in the study. The results indicated that preservice teachers perceived laptops potentially stronger than m-phones as m-learning tools. In…

Sad, Süleyman Nihat; Göktas, Özlem

2014-01-01

161

Understanding Observational Learning: An Interbehavioral Approach  

PubMed Central

Observational learning is an important area in the field of psychology and behavior science more generally. Given this, it is essential that behavior analysts articulate a sound theory of how behavior change occurs through observation. This paper begins with an overview of seminal research in the area of observational learning, followed by a consideration of common behavior analytic conceptualizations of these findings. The interbehavioral perspective is then outlined, shedding light on some difficulties with the existing behavior analytic approaches. The implications of embracing the interbehavioral perspective for understanding the most complex sorts of behavior, including those involved in observational learning are considered. PMID:22532764

Fryling, Mitch J; Johnston, Cristin; Hayes, Linda J

2011-01-01

162

Mobile Medical Education (MoMEd) - how mobile information resources contribute to learning for undergraduate clinical students - a mixed methods study  

PubMed Central

Background Mobile technology is increasingly being used by clinicians to access up-to-date information for patient care. These offer learning opportunities in the clinical setting for medical students but the underlying pedagogic theories are not clear. A conceptual framework is needed to understand these further. Our initial questions were how the medical students used the technology, how it enabled them to learn and what theoretical underpinning supported the learning. Methods 387 medical students were provided with a personal digital assistant (PDA) loaded with medical resources for the duration of their clinical studies. Outcomes were assessed by a mixed-methods triangulation approach using qualitative and quantitative analysis of surveys, focus groups and usage tracking data. Results Learning occurred in context with timely access to key facts and through consolidation of knowledge via repetition. The PDA was an important addition to the learning ecology rather than a replacement. Contextual factors impacted on use both positively and negatively. Barriers included concerns of interrupting the clinical interaction and of negative responses from teachers and patients. Students preferred a future involving smartphone platforms. Conclusions This is the first study to describe the learning ecology and pedagogic basis behind the use of mobile learning technologies in a large cohort of undergraduate medical students in the clinical environment. We have developed a model for mobile learning in the clinical setting that shows how different theories contribute to its use taking into account positive and negative contextual factors. The lessons from this study are transferable internationally, to other health care professions and to the development of similar initiatives with newer technology such as smartphones or tablet computers. PMID:22240206

2012-01-01

163

English Language Learners' Reading Self-Efficacy and Achievement Using 1:1 Mobile Learning Devices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Handheld technology devices allow users to be mobile and access the Internet, personal data, and third-party content applications in many different environments at the users' convenience. The explosion of these mobile learning devices around the globe has led adults to value them for communication, productivity, and learning. Outside of the school…

Walters, Jennifer L.

2012-01-01

164

Conjoint Analysis for Mobile Devices for Ubiquitous Learning in Higher Education: The Korean Case  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the increasing importance of mobile devices in education, the essential features of these devices for ubiquitous learning have not been empirically addressed. This study empirically investigated the necessary conditions for using mobile devices as an educational tool for ubiquitous learning in higher education by a conjoint method. The…

Lee, Hyeongjik

2013-01-01

165

Ubiquitous Learning Website: Scaffold Learners by Mobile Devices with Information-Aware Techniques  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The portability and immediate communication properties of mobile devices influence the learning processes in interacting with peers, accessing resources and transferring data. For example, the short message and browsing functions in a cell phone provide users with timely and adaptive information access. Although many studies of mobile learning

Chen, G. D.; Chang, C. K.; Wang, C. Y.

2008-01-01

166

Development and Evaluation of an Interactive Mobile Learning Environment with Shared Display Groupware  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When using mobile devices in support of learning activities, students gain mobility, but problems arise when group members share information. The small size of the mobile device screen becomes problematic when it is being used by two or more students to share and exchange information. This problem affects interactions among group members. To…

Yang, Jie Chi; Lin, Yi Lung

2010-01-01

167

Technical Feasibility of a Mobile Context-Aware (Social) Learning Schedule Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to show the technical feasibility of implementing their mobile context-aware learning schedule (mCALS) framework as a software application on a mobile device using current technologies, prior to its actual implementation. This process draws a set of compatible mobile and context-aware technologies at present and can be…

Yau, Jane Y. K.; Joy, Mike

2013-01-01

168

Young Children's Approaches to Learning: A Sociocultural Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognising school readiness as a national priority, the National Education Goals Panel identified the development of young children's approaches to learning as essential for achieving readiness. Approaches to learning include inclinations, attitudes, and learning styles. Despite wide agreement that learning approaches are critical for school…

Chen, Jie-Qi; Masur, Ann; McNamee, Gillian

2011-01-01

169

Students' Approaches to Learning in Finnish General Upper Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated approaches of 549 students to learning in Finnish general upper secondary school through the Learning Process Questionnaire (J. Biggs, 1987). Finds significant differences between students' approaches to learning in the different form levels. Approaches to learning were also related to gender and mathematics and English grades. (SLD)

Eklund-Myrskog, Gunilla; Wenestam, Claes-Goran

1999-01-01

170

Sharing Mobile Multimedia Annotations to Support Inquiry-Based Learning Using MobiTOP  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile devices used in educational settings are usually employed within a collaborative learning activity in which learning\\u000a takes place in the form of social interactions between team members while performing a shared task. We introduce MobiTOP (Mobile Tagging of Objects and People), a geospatial digital library system which allows users to contribute and share multimedia annotations via mobile devices.\\u000a A

Khasfariyati Razikin; Dion Hoe-lian Goh; Yin-Leng Theng; Quang Minh Nguyen; Thi Nhu Quynh Kim; Ee-peng Lim; Chew-hung Chang; Kalyani Chatterjea; Aixin Sun

2009-01-01

171

Kinetic Monte Carlo approach to modeling dislocation mobility  

E-print Network

Kinetic Monte Carlo approach to modeling dislocation mobility Wei Cai a , Vasily V. Bulatov b , Jo of the experimental data. Ă? 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Dislocation; Kinetic Monte Carlo; Silicon; BCC Metals 1. Introduction Kinetic Monte Carlo (kMC) method is generally used to simulate

Cai, Wei

172

A Mixed Learning Approach in Mechatronics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to investigate the effect of a Web-based mixed learning approach model on mechatronics education. The model combines different perception methods such as reading, listening, and speaking and practice methods developed in accordance with the vocational background of students enrolled in the course Electromechanical Systems in…

Yilmaz, O.; Tuncalp, K.

2011-01-01

173

The Flexible Learning Approach to Physics: FLAP  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Major changes in the teaching of physics at university are already underway and more are imminent. These are driven by the need to accommodate changes in schools and to effect the planned general expansion of the higher education sector. The Flexible Learning Approach to Physics (FLAP) is one major response to this situation.

Lambourne, R. J. A.; Tinker, M. H.

1993-09-01

174

Transformative Learning Approaches for Public Relations Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public relations educators are frequently challenged by students' flawed perceptions of public relations. Two contrasting case studies are presented in this paper to illustrate how socially-oriented paradigms may be applied to a real-client project to deliver a transformative learning experience. A discourse-analytic approach is applied…

Motion, Judy; Burgess, Lois

2014-01-01

175

An Intelligent Location Management approaches in GSM Mobile Network  

E-print Network

Location management refers to the problem of updating and searching the current location of mobile nodes in a wireless network. To make it efficient, the sum of update costs of location database must be minimized. Previous work relying on fixed location databases is unable to fully exploit the knowledge of user mobility patterns in the system so as to achieve this minimization. The study presents an intelligent location management approach which has interacts between intelligent information system and knowledge-base technologies, so we can dynamically change the user patterns and reduce the transition between the VLR and HLR. The study provides algorithms are ability to handle location registration and call delivery

Rao, N Mallikharjuna

2012-01-01

176

Multiplatform E-Learning Systems and Technologies: Mobile Devices for Ubiquitous ICT-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiplatform e-learning systems are emerging technologies that provide integrated learning content to various accessing devices. This book addresses technical challenges, design frameworks, and development experiences of the future that integrate multiple mobile devices into a single multiplatform e-learning system. With expert international…

Goh, Tiong Thye, Ed.

2010-01-01

177

Using Mobile Technologies for Assessment and Learning in Practice Settings: Outcomes of Five Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the outcomes of the Mobile Technologies Pilot Project for the Assessment and Learning in Practice Settings (ALPS) Centre for Excellence in Teaching and Learning (CETL). ALPS is a partnership of five Higher Education Institutions (HEI) that aims to develop and improve assessment, and thereby learning, in practice settings for…

Dearnley, Christine; Taylor, Jill; Hennessy, Scott; Parks, Maria; Coates, Catherine; Haigh, Jackie; Fairhall, John; Riley, Kevin; Dransfield, Mark

2009-01-01

178

Context-Aware Mobile Role Playing Game for Learning--A Case of Canada and Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research presented in this paper is part of a 5-year renewable national research program in Canada, namely the NSERC/iCORE/Xerox/Markin research chair program that aims to explore possibilities of adaptive mobile learning and to provide learners with a learning environment which facilitates personalized learning at any time and any place. One…

Lu, Chris; Chang, Maiga; Kinshuk; Huang, Echo; Chen, Ching-Wen

2014-01-01

179

E-learning any time any place anywhere on mobile devices.  

PubMed

The registered screen resolution of e-learning study moments in MedicalEducation.nl was used in this research to investigate the readiness of students and medical professionals to study e-learning on a mobile device. Between January 2008 and September 2012 the use of e-learning on a mobile device by students has quintupled to 2.29 %, while medical professionals lag behind in this development. If the use of mobile devices for e-learning is better supported, a rapid further increase should be anticipated. Further research on the desire of both students and medical professionals to study e-learning on a mobile device should be conducted. PMID:23670682

Eggermont, Sylvia; Bloemendaal, Peter M; van Baalen, Jary M

2013-03-30

180

Understanding Fatty Acid Metabolism through an Active Learning Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A multi-method active learning approach (MALA) was implemented in the Medical Biochemistry teaching unit of the Biomedical Sciences degree at the University of Aveiro, using problem-based learning as the main learning approach. In this type of learning strategy, students are involved beyond the mere exercise of being taught by listening. Less…

Fardilha, M.; Schrader, M.; da Cruz e Silva, O. A. B.; da Cruz e Silva, E. F.

2010-01-01

181

A Service-Oriented Approach for the Pervasive Learning Grid  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work proposes p-Learning grid, a service-oriented approach, based on a per- vasive learning grid, for solving difficulties associated with the sharing of learning re- sources distributed on different e-Learning platforms. The p-Learning grid not only en- ables collaboration and effective reuse of learning objects but also supports learning anytime, anywhere. Since the WSDL of web services remains poorly defined

Ching-jung Liao; Fang-chuan Ou Yang; Kevin Chihcheng Hsu

2005-01-01

182

Mobile Learning in Maths Teacher Education: Using iPads to Support Pre-Service Teachers' Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An emerging body of literature explores mobile learning in teacher education contexts. A common theme is the facilitation of collaborative, authentic professional learning experiences, often leveraged by the immediate and spontaneous nature of learning in informal settings. This paper takes a snapshot of current developments with mobile learning

Kearney, Matthew; Maher, Damian

2013-01-01

183

Approaching the Limit of Predictability in Human Mobility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study we analyze the travel patterns of 500,000 individuals in Cote d'Ivoire using mobile phone call data records. By measuring the uncertainties of movements using entropy, considering both the frequencies and temporal correlations of individual trajectories, we find that the theoretical maximum predictability is as high as 88%. To verify whether such a theoretical limit can be approached, we implement a series of Markov chain (MC) based models to predict the actual locations visited by each user. Results show that MC models can produce a prediction accuracy of 87% for stationary trajectories and 95% for non-stationary trajectories. Our findings indicate that human mobility is highly dependent on historical behaviors, and that the maximum predictability is not only a fundamental theoretical limit for potential predictive power, but also an approachable target for actual prediction accuracy.

Lu, Xin; Wetter, Erik; Bharti, Nita; Tatem, Andrew J.; Bengtsson, Linus

2013-10-01

184

Mobile Assisted Language Learning in University EFL Courses in Japan: Developing Attitudes and Skills for Self-Regulated Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports a project in which researchers at universities in Japan explored the use of Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALL) practices by developing a learning module intended to help improve students' scores on the TOEIC Listening and Reading Tests. MALL practices are currently being developed at universities in Japan because almost…

Kondo, Mutsumi; Ishikawa, Yasushige; Smith, Craig; Sakamoto, Kishio; Shimomura, Hidenori; Wada, Norihisa

2012-01-01

185

A Conceptual Model of Relationships among Constructivist Learning Environment Perceptions, Epistemological Beliefs, and Learning Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study proposed a conceptual model of relationships among constructivist learning environment perception variables (Personal Relevance, Uncertainty, Critical Voice, Shared Control, and Student Negotiation), scientific epistemological belief variables (fixed and tentative), and learning approach. It was proposed that learning environment…

Ozkal, Kudret; Tekkaya, Ceren; Cakiroglu, Jale; Sungur, Semra

2009-01-01

186

A modular neurocontroller for creative mobile autonomous robots learning by temporal difference  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most prominent research goals in the fleld of mobile autonomous robots is to create robots that are able to adapt to new environments, i.e., the robots should be able to learn during their \\\\life- time\\

Helmut A. Mayer

2004-01-01

187

A Responsive Design Approach for Supporting Mobile Access to Virtual and Remote Laboratories  

E-print Network

on developing device-dependent mobile apps for accessing the experiment(s) of the original remote or virtual lab of the same mobile app that meets the specific technical requirements of each mobile device. In this paper, we aim to address this issue by adopting a responsive design approach for developing mobile web apps

Bey, Isabelle

188

A Location-Dependent Data Encryption Approach for Enhancing Mobile Information System Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

The wide spread of WLAN and the popularity of mobile devices increases the frequency of data transmission among mobile users. How to provide a secure and convenient protocol for data transmission is important. In this paper we propose a location-dependent approach is proposed for mobile information system. The mobile client transmits a target latitude\\/longitude coordinate for data encryption to information

Hsien-Chou Liao; Po-Ching Lee; Yun-Hsiang Chao; Chin-Ling Chen

2007-01-01

189

Mobile City and Language Guides--New Links between Formal and Informal Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the major challenges in second and foreign language education, is to create links between formal and informal learning environments. Mobile City and Language Guides present examples of theoretical and practical reflections on such links. This paper presents and discusses the first considerations of Mobile City and Language Guides in…

Bo-Kristensen, Mads; Ankerstjerne, Niels Ole; Neutzsky-Wulff, Chresteria; Schelde, Herluf

2009-01-01

190

Role of Mobile Technology in Promoting Campus-Wide Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examines the role of mobile technology in promoting campus-wide learning environment. Its main objectives were to a) evaluate the role of mobile technology in higher education in terms of its i). appropriateness ii). flexibility iii). Interactivity, & iv). availability & usefulness and to b). identify the problems of students…

Hussain, Irshad; Adeeb, Muhammad Aslam

2009-01-01

191

What Have We Learnt about Mobile LifeLong Learning (mLLL)?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile technologies are becoming ubiquitous in education, yet the wider implications of this phenomenon are not well understood. The paper discusses how mobile lifelong learning (mLLL) may be defined, and the challenges of forging a suitable definition in an ever-shifting technological and socio-economic landscape. mLLL appears as a ubiquitous…

Seta, Luciano; Kukulska-Hulme, Agnes; Arrigo, Marco

2014-01-01

192

Development of a Cross-Platform Ubiquitous Language Learning Service via Mobile Phone and Interactive Television  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the development processes for a cross-platform ubiquitous language learning service via interactive television (iTV) and mobile phone. Adapting a learner-centred design methodology, a number of requirements were gathered from multiple sources that were subsequently used in TAMALLE (television and mobile phone assisted language…

Fallahkhair, Sanaz; Pemberton, L.; Griffiths, R.

2007-01-01

193

Implementing Glossing in Mobile-Assisted Language Learning Environments: Directions and Outlook  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While mobile technology, such as the touch-based smart-phone, has become part of our daily lives, research into and classroom practices surrounding mobile-assisted language learning (MALL) have generally not kept up with the pace of technological development. This situation may be caused in part by the fact that a considerable proportion of…

Lee, Hansol; Lee, Jang Ho

2013-01-01

194

Students' Attitudes and Perceptions towards the Effectiveness of Mobile Learning in King Saud University, Saudi Arabia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main aim of this research study is to better understand and measure students' attitudes and perceptions towards the effectiveness of mobile learning. This paper reports on the results of a survey of one hundred eighty six undergraduate female students at King Saud University about their attitude and perception to the use of mobile technology…

Al-Fahad, Fahad N.

2009-01-01

195

The Building of 3G Mobile Learning System using Ajax Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper built 3G mobile learning system using Ajax technology. Ajax technology helps overcome the mobile browser to certain restrictions, while improving the user experience. Use Ajax to avoid page refreshes. Because only the transmission part of the page, the data using Ajax to load faster and also reduce the amount of data of air transport.

Xiulan, Chen; Jing, Wang

196

A MACHINE LEARNING APPROACH TO BIOCHEMICAL REACTION RULES DISCOVERY  

E-print Network

A MACHINE LEARNING APPROACH TO BIOCHEMICAL REACTION RULES DISCOVERY Laurence Calzone, Nathalie it possible to use machine learning techniques for completing or correcting biological models semi-automatically. Machine learning from tem- poral logic formulae is quite new however, both from the machine learning

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

197

Machine Learning Approaches to Biological Sequence and Phenotype Data Analysis  

E-print Network

Machine Learning Approaches to Biological Sequence and Phenotype Data Analysis by Renqiang Min, I presented novel machine learning algorithms to reveal the underlying mechanisms of how genes on Kernel Support Vector Machines (SVMs), I proposed learned random-walk kernel and learned empirical

Bonner, Anthony

198

A Journey of Learning Mathematics through Inside-Out Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper I discussed an episode of inside-out approach of learning mathematics that started from my deeply held values, feelings, thoughts, and experiences making them starting point of learning process. I was engaged in a brief learning session with a geometrical problem as context within the session. Data from video record of the learning

Belbase, Shashidhar

2010-01-01

199

Professional Development for Cooperative Learning. Issues and Approaches.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book describes approaches to professional development for cooperative learning and how the use of cooperative learning for teacher learning is leading to new insights into professional growth in schools. Part 1, "Begin with the Teacher: Focusing Professional Development for Cooperative Learning," offers "Introduction: Professional…

Brody, Celeste M., Ed.; Davidson, Neil, Ed.

200

Integrating Adult Learning and Technologies for Effective Education: Strategic Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As adult learners and educators pioneer the use of technology in the new century, attention has been focused on developing strategic approaches to effectively integrate adult learning and technology in different learning environments. "Integrating Adult Learning and Technologies for Effective Education: Strategic Approaches" provides innovative…

Wang, Victor C. X.

2010-01-01

201

Investigative Primary Science: A Problem-Based Learning Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports on the success of using a problem-based learning approach (PBL) as a pedagogical mode of learning open inquiry science within a traditional four-year undergraduate elementary teacher education program. In 2010, a problem-based learning approach to teaching primary science replaced the traditional content driven syllabus. During…

Etherington, Matthew B.

2011-01-01

202

An intelligent mobile location-aware book recommendation system that enhances problem-based learning in libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite rapid and continued adoption of mobile devices, few learning modes integrate with mobile technologies and libraries' environments as innovative learning modes that emphasize the key roles of libraries in facilitating learning. In addition, some education experts have claimed that transmitting knowledge to learners is not the only educational goal, as cultivating problem-solving skills is also essential. By integrating the

Chih-Ming Chen

2011-01-01

203

An Intelligent Mobile Location-Aware Book Recommendation System that Enhances Problem-Based Learning in Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite rapid and continued adoption of mobile devices, few learning modes integrate with mobile technologies and libraries' environments as innovative learning modes that emphasize the key roles of libraries in facilitating learning. In addition, some education experts have claimed that transmitting knowledge to learners is not the only…

Chen, Chih-Ming

2013-01-01

204

Using web2.0 Software and Mobile Devices for Creating Shared Understanding among Virtual Learning Communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

In our recent research we have explored possibilities to scaffold collaborative learning in higher education with wireless networks and mobile tools. The pedagogical ideas are grounded on concepts of collaborative learning, including the socially shared origin of cognition, as well as self-regulated learning theory. This poster will demonstrate how social software and mobile devices can be used for facilitating socially

Jari Laru; Sanna Järvelä

2008-01-01

205

Effects of Cues and Real Objects on Learning in a Mobile Device Supported Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated whether arrow-line cues can improve the effectiveness and efficiency of learning in a mobile device supported learning environment on leaf morphology of plants, either with or without the use of real plants. A cued and un-cued condition, in which primary school students used text and pictures on a tablet PC, were compared…

Liu, Tzu-Chien; Lin, Yi-Chun; Paas, Fred

2013-01-01

206

A Comparison of Undergraduate Students' English Vocabulary Learning: Using Mobile Phones and Flash Cards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Knowing a foreign language has become crucial to reach information. Learning vocabulary is the fundamental step to learn a foreign language. New devices are invented everyday to fulfill the needs of citizens of the twenty-first century. Increased use of mobile phones has made them popular for not only communication, but also entertainment and…

Basoglu, Emrah Baki; Akdemir, Omur

2010-01-01

207

Using Mobile Communication Technology in High School Education: Motivation, Pressure, and Learning Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motivation and pressure are considered two factors impacting vocational senior high school student learning. New communication technology, especially mobile communication technology, is supposed to be effective in encouraging interaction between the student and the instructor and improving learning efficiency. Social presence and information…

Rau, Pei-Luen Patrick; Gao, Qin; Wu, Li-Mei

2008-01-01

208

The Growth of m-Learning and the Growth of Mobile Computing: Parallel Developments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

m-Learning is made possible by the existence and application of mobile hardware and networking technology. By exploring the capabilities of these technologies, it is possible to construct a picture of how different components of m-Learning can be implemented. This paper will explore the major technologies currently in use: portable digital…

Caudill, Jason G.

2007-01-01

209

An Autonomous Mobile Agent-Based Distributed Learning Architecture: A Proposal and Analytical Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current distance learning systems are increasingly packing highly data-intensive contents on servers, resulting in the congestion of network and server resources at peak service times. A distributed learning system based on faded information field (FIF) architecture that employs mobile agents (MAs) has been proposed and simulated in this work. The…

Ahmed, Iftikhar; Sadeq, Muhammad Jafar

2006-01-01

210

Integrating User Interface and Personal Innovativeness into the TAM for Mobile Learning in Cyber University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to add new variables, namely user interface, personal innovativeness, and satisfaction in learning, to Davis's technology acceptance model and also examine whether learners are willing to adopt mobile learning. Thus, this study attempted to explain the structural causal relationships among user interface, personal…

Joo, Young Ju; Lee, Hyeon Woo; Ham, Yookyoung

2014-01-01

211

Learning Chinese Characters via Mobile Technology in a Primary School Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a project, including the design, development, and use of a mobile application (referred to as application hereafter) for learning Chinese as a second language in a bilingual primary school. The application was designed for iPod Touch Apple technology with the purpose to facilitate learning of a fundamental set of 200 Chinese…

Lu, Jie; Meng, Sue; Tam, Vincent

2014-01-01

212

Learning Reactive Neurocontrollers using Simulated Annealing for Mobile Philippe Lucidarme, Alain Ligeois  

E-print Network

a method based on simulated annealing to learn reactive behaviors. This work is related with multi-agent for building architectures of robotic multi-agent systems automatically acquiring distributed intelligence goal [4 and 5], 3. a pair of heterogeneous mobile robots can learn to cooperate in a box-pushing task

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

213

Adaptive Sampling for Learning Gaussian Processes Using Mobile Sensor Networks  

PubMed Central

This paper presents a novel class of self-organizing sensing agents that adaptively learn an anisotropic, spatio-temporal Gaussian process using noisy measurements and move in order to improve the quality of the estimated covariance function. This approach is based on a class of anisotropic covariance functions of Gaussian processes introduced to model a broad range of spatio-temporal physical phenomena. The covariance function is assumed to be unknown a priori. Hence, it is estimated by the maximum a posteriori probability (MAP) estimator. The prediction of the field of interest is then obtained based on the MAP estimate of the covariance function. An optimal sampling strategy is proposed to minimize the information-theoretic cost function of the Fisher Information Matrix. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness and the adaptability of the proposed scheme. PMID:22163785

Xu, Yunfei; Choi, Jongeun

2011-01-01

214

UMTS: a middleware architecture and mobile API approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ongoing European ACTS project OnTheMove provides support services for distributed mobile multimedia applications. The project defines, implements, and demonstrates a mobile middleware called a Mobile Application Support Environment (MASE) which is based on UMTS concepts. The mobile application programming interface (mobile API) of MASE, which will be submitted for standardization, allows common access to the underlying operating systems and

Birgit Kreller; A. S.-B. Park; J. Meggers; G. Forsgren; E. Kovacs; M. Rosinus

1998-01-01

215

Learning, Action, and Consciousness: A Hybrid Approach toward Modeling Consciousness  

E-print Network

Learning, Action, and Consciousness: A Hybrid Approach toward Modeling Consciousness Ron Sun: (205) 348­1667 December 27, 1996 RUNNING TITLE: Hybrid Approach toward Consciousness ACKNOWLEDGEMENT, and Consciousness: A Hybrid Approach toward Modeling Consciousness Abstract This paper is an attempt

Varela, Carlos

216

HAWAII: A Domain-based Approach for Supporting Mobility in Wide-Area Wireless Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile-IP is the current standard for supporting macro- mobility of mobile hosts. However, in the case of micro- mobility support, there are several competing proposals. In this paper, we present the design, implementation, and per- formance evaluation of HAWAII: a domain-based approach for supporting mobility. HAWAII uses specialized path setup schemes which install host-based forwarding entries in specific routers to

Ramachandran Ramjee; Thomas F. La Porta; Sandra R. Thuel; Kannan Varadhan; Shie Yuan Wang

1999-01-01

217

A Qualitative Approach to Mobile Robot Navigation Using RFID  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) system allows automatic identification of items with RFID tags using radio-waves. As the RFID tag has its unique identification number, it is also possible to detect a specific region where the RFID tag lies in. Recently it is widely been used in mobile robot navigation, localization, and mapping both in indoor and outdoor environment. This paper represents a navigation strategy for autonomous mobile robot using passive RFID system. Conventional approaches, such as landmark or dead-reckoning with excessive number of sensors, have complexities in establishing the navigation and localization process. The proposed method satisfies less complexity in navigation strategy as well as estimation of not only the position but also the orientation of the autonomous robot. In this research, polar coordinate system is adopted on the navigation surface where RFID tags are places in a grid with constant displacements. This paper also presents the performance comparisons among various grid architectures through simulation to establish a better solution of the navigation system. In addition, some stationary obstacles are introduced in the navigation environment to satisfy the viability of the navigation process of the autonomous mobile robot.

Hossain, M.; Rashid, M. M.; Bhuiyan, M. M. I.; Ahmed, S.; Akhtaruzzaman, M.

2013-12-01

218

Information-theoretic approach to interactive learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The principles of statistical mechanics and information theory play an important role in learning and have inspired both theory and the design of numerous machine learning algorithms. The new aspect in this paper is a focus on integrating feedback from the learner. A quantitative approach to interactive learning and adaptive behavior is proposed, integrating model- and decision-making into one theoretical framework. This paper follows simple principles by requiring that the observer's world model and action policy should result in maximal predictive power at minimal complexity. Classes of optimal action policies and of optimal models are derived from an objective function that reflects this trade-off between prediction and complexity. The resulting optimal models then summarize, at different levels of abstraction, the process's causal organization in the presence of the learner's actions. A fundamental consequence of the proposed principle is that the learner's optimal action policies balance exploration and control as an emerging property. Interestingly, the explorative component is present in the absence of policy randomness, i.e. in the optimal deterministic behavior. This is a direct result of requiring maximal predictive power in the presence of feedback.

Still, S.

2009-01-01

219

A social networking approach for mobile innovation in emerging countries  

E-print Network

Addressing the global challenges and the next billion mobile subscribers, the MIT NextLab course engages students, industry partners, entrepreneurs and the next billion mobile subscribers to develop innovative mobile ...

Yang, Jen-Hao, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01

220

Cooperative Control, Learning and Sensing in Mobile Sensor Networks.  

E-print Network

??Mobile sensor networks (MSNs) have great potential in many applications including environment exploring and monitoring; search and rescue; cooperative detection of toxic chemicals, etc. Motivated… (more)

La, Hung Manh

2011-01-01

221

Computational approaches to motor learning by imitation.  

PubMed Central

Movement imitation requires a complex set of mechanisms that map an observed movement of a teacher onto one's own movement apparatus. Relevant problems include movement recognition, pose estimation, pose tracking, body correspondence, coordinate transformation from external to egocentric space, matching of observed against previously learned movement, resolution of redundant degrees-of-freedom that are unconstrained by the observation, suitable movement representations for imitation, modularization of motor control, etc. All of these topics by themselves are active research problems in computational and neurobiological sciences, such that their combination into a complete imitation system remains a daunting undertaking-indeed, one could argue that we need to understand the complete perception-action loop. As a strategy to untangle the complexity of imitation, this paper will examine imitation purely from a computational point of view, i.e. we will review statistical and mathematical approaches that have been suggested for tackling parts of the imitation problem, and discuss their merits, disadvantages and underlying principles. Given the focus on action recognition of other contributions in this special issue, this paper will primarily emphasize the motor side of imitation, assuming that a perceptual system has already identified important features of a demonstrated movement and created their corresponding spatial information. Based on the formalization of motor control in terms of control policies and their associated performance criteria, useful taxonomies of imitation learning can be generated that clarify different approaches and future research directions. PMID:12689379

Schaal, Stefan; Ijspeert, Auke; Billard, Aude

2003-01-01

222

An Approach for Performance Based Glove Mobility Requirements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Space Suit Assembly (SSA) Development Team at NASA Johnson Space Center has invested heavily in the advancement of rear-entry planetary exploration suit design but largely deferred development of extravehicular activity (EVA) glove designs, and accepted the risk of using the current flight gloves, Phase VI, for exploration missions. However, as design reference missions mature, the risks of using heritage hardware have highlighted the need for developing robust new glove technologies. To address the technology gap, the NASA Space Technology Mission Directorate's Game-Changing Development Program provided start-up funding for the High Performance EVA Glove (HPEG) Element as part of the Next Generation Life Support (NGLS) Project in the fall of 2013. The overarching goal of the HPEG Element is to develop a robust glove design that increases human performance during EVA and creates pathway for implementation of emergent technologies, with specific aims of increasing pressurized mobility to 60% of barehanded capability, increasing the durability in on-pristine environments, and decreasing the potential of gloves to cause injury during use. The HPEG Element focused initial efforts on developing quantifiable and repeatable methodologies for assessing glove performance with respect to mobility, injury potential, thermal conductivity, and abrasion resistance. The team used these methodologies to establish requirements against which emerging technologies and glove designs can be assessed at both the component and assembly levels. The mobility performance testing methodology was an early focus for the HPEG team as it stems from collaborations between the SSA Development team and the JSC Anthropometry and Biomechanics Facility (ABF) that began investigating new methods for suited mobility and fit early in the Constellation Program. The combined HPEG and ABF team used lessons learned from the previous efforts as well as additional reviews of methodologies in physical and occupational therapy arenas to develop a protocol that assesses gloved range of motion, strength, dexterity, tactility, and fit in comparative quantitative terms and also provides qualitative insight to direct hardware design iterations. The protocol was evaluated using five experienced test subjects wearing the EMU pressurized to 4.3psid with three different glove configurations. The results of the testing are presented to illustrate where the protocol is and is not valid for benchmark comparisons. The process for requirements development based upon the results is also presented along with suggested performance values for the High Performance EVA Gloves to be procured in fiscal year 2015.

Aitchison, Lindsay; Benson, Elizabeth; England, Scott

2015-01-01

223

An Incremental Concept Formation Approach for Learning from Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Godin, R. and R. Missaoui, An incremental concept formation approach for learning from databases, Theoretical Computer Science 133 (1994) 3533385. This paper describes a concept formation approach to the discovery of new concepts and implica- tion rules from data. This machine learning approach is based on the Galois lattice theory, and starts from a binary relation between a set of

Robert Godin; Rokia Missaoui

1994-01-01

224

Cyber Asynchronous versus Blended Cyber Approach in Distance English Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to compare the single cyber asynchronous learning approach with the blended cyber learning approach in distance English education. Two classes of 70 students participated in this study, which lasted one semester of about four months, with one class using the blended approach for their English study and the other only using the…

Ge, Zi-Gang

2012-01-01

225

Geotechnical Physical Modeling for Education: Learning Theory Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

As physical modeling sees increasing use in geotechnical engineering education, there is a need for a strategic approach for integrating this powerful simulation technique into courses in a way that ensures the greatest benefit for students. For this reason, a learning theory approach, which recognizes the natural learning cycle of students, has been developed. The approach is based on a

Joseph Wartman

2006-01-01

226

Artificial learning approaches for multitarget tracking  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A hybrid weighted/interacting particle filter, the selectively resampling particle (SERP) filter, is used to detect and track an unknown number of independent targets on a one-dimensional "racetrack" domain. The targets evolve in a nonlinear manner. The observations model a sensor positioned above the racetrack. The observation data takes the form of a discretized image of the racetrack, in which each discrete segment has a value depending both upon the presence or absence of targets in the corresponding portion of the domain, and upon lognormal noise. The SERP filter provides a conditional distribution approximated by particle simulations. After each observation is processed, the SERP filter selectively resamples its particles in a pairwise fashion, based on their relative likelihood. We consider a reinforcement learning approach to control this resampling. We compare two different ways of applying the filter to the problem: the signal measure approach and the model selection approach. We present quantitative results of the ability of the filter to detect and track the targets, for each of the techniques. Comparisons are made between the signal measure and model selection approaches, and between the dynamic and static resampling control techniques.

Blount, Douglas; Kouritzin, Michael A.; McCrosky, Jesse D.

2004-09-01

227

An Expert System-based Context-Aware Ubiquitous Learning Approach for Conducting Science Learning Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context-aware ubiquitous learning has been recognized as being a promising approach that enables students to interact with real-world learning targets with supports from the digital world. Several researchers have indicated the importance of providing learning guidance or hints to individual students during the context-aware ubiquitous learning

Wu, Po-Han; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Tsai, Wen-Hung

2013-01-01

228

Learning and Schooling in the Age of Mobilism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Speeding past the Steve Jobs Post-PC Era into the Age of Mobilism, the authors foresee how, by 2015, each and every student in America's K-12 classrooms will be using their own mobile computing device, with those devices engendering the most disruptive transformation in education in 150 years. Classrooms will move from today's "I Teach"…

Norris, Cathleen A.; Soloway, Elliot

2011-01-01

229

Adaptive Service-Oriented Mobile Applications: A Declarative Approach  

E-print Network

worldwide distributed mobile application. 1 Introduction Mobile applications, commonly referred to as apps, the development of mobile apps is characterized by an increased explicit This research has been funded by the EU for a specific platform (e.g., Android, iPhone, etc.), apps may be deployed on a plethora of different mobile

Cugola, Gianpaolo

230

Distributed Reinforcement Learning Approach for Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Vehicular Ad hoc Networks (VANETs), general purpose ad hoc routing protocols such as AODV cannot work efficiently due to the frequent changes in network topology caused by vehicle movement. This paper proposes a VANET routing protocol QLAODV (Q-Learning AODV) which suits unicast applications in high mobility scenarios. QLAODV is a distributed reinforcement learning routing protocol, which uses a Q-Learning algorithm to infer network state information and uses unicast control packets to check the path availability in a real time manner in order to allow Q-Learning to work efficiently in a highly dynamic network environment. QLAODV is favored by its dynamic route change mechanism, which makes it capable of reacting quickly to network topology changes. We present an analysis of the performance of QLAODV by simulation using different mobility models. The simulation results show that QLAODV can efficiently handle unicast applications in VANETs.

Wu, Celimuge; Kumekawa, Kazuya; Kato, Toshihiko

231

Developing a Mobile Physics Learning Environment Based on Physics Misconception Research and E-Learning Design Principles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With a rapid increase in the number of people who own a handheld device, such as an iPod, education researchers and administrators started looking for a way to use a handheld device to foster student learning. However, the current use of a mobile device in education is quite limited. With few exceptions, it is mostly used as a simple media player…

Lee, Young-Jin

2010-01-01

232

A Statistical Approach to Gas Distribution Modelling with Mobile Robots - The Kernel DM+V Algorithm  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gas distribution modelling constitutes an ideal application area for mobile robots, which - as intelligent mobile gas sensors - offer several advantages compared to stationary sensor networks. In this paper we propose the Kernel DM+V algorithm to learn a statistical 2-d gas distribution model from a sequence of localized gas sensor measurements. The algorithm does not make strong assumptions about

Achim J. Lilienthal; Matteo Reggente; Marco Trincavelli; Jos'e-Luis Blanco; Javier Gonz'alez-Jim'enez

2009-01-01

233

Comparing the Effects of Mobile Computers and Traditional Approaches in Environmental Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Environmental education and computers? That was traditionally seen as an antagonism. But environmental educators who compete for attention and face new challenges in an age of mobile devices, have begun to explore the opportunities that mobile computers may offer in supporting environmental learning experiences. This study investigates the impact…

Ruchter, Markus; Klar, Bernhard; Geiger, Werner

2010-01-01

234

Approach to Learning of Sub-Degree Students in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The learning approaches and learning experiences of 404 sub-degree students were assessed by using a Study Process Questionnaire and a Learning Experience Questionnaire. While the learning approaches in this study meant whether students used a deep learning or surface learning approach, the learning experiences referred to students' perceptions…

Chan, Yiu Man; Chan, Christine Mei Sheung

2010-01-01

235

Facilitating Virtual Learning Groups: A Practical Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructor-facilitators of virtual learning groups can develop the learning environment through preliminary planning, course support, and postsession review. To undertake these processes, facilitators should attend to the learning tasks, the learning process, team development, team dynamics, and team trust. (Contains 73 references.) (SK)

McFadzean, Elspeth; McKenzie, Jane

2001-01-01

236

A Neural-Functionalist Approach to Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers within the field of learning have traditionally divided their empirical world according to methodology, with phenomena classified as single stimulus learning, Pavlovian conditioning, or in- strumental learning. This trichotomy, a vestige of our behaviorist past, continues to influence the field, both in the classroom and in the laboratory. Relying on data collected using a simple model system (learning within

James W. Grau; Robin L. Joynes

2005-01-01

237

A Semantics-based Approach to Large-Scale Mobile Social Networking  

E-print Network

Khan # Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011 Abstract Mobile ad hoc social networks are selfA Semantics-based Approach to Large-Scale Mobile Social Networking Juan Li & Hui Wang & Samee Ullah- configuring social networks that connect users using mobile devices, such as laptops, PDAs, and cellular

Li, Juan "Jen"

238

Demarcating Advanced Learning Approaches from Methodological and Technological Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the field of design and engineering education, the fast and expansive evolution of information and communication technologies is steadily converting traditional learning approaches into more advanced ones. Facilitated by Broadband (high bandwidth) personal computers, distance learning has developed into web-hosted electronic learning. The…

Horvath, Imre; Peck, David; Verlinden, Jouke

2009-01-01

239

Adult Learning in Health and Safety: Some Issues and Approaches.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which was developed for presentation at a seminar on adult learning and safety, examines approaches to occupational safety and health (OSH) learning/training in the workplace. Section 1 examines selected factors affecting adults' learning in workplace OSH programs. The principal dimensions along which individual adult learners will…

O Fathaigh, Mairtin

240

Students' Approaches to Vocabulary Learning and Their Relationship to Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students' approaches to vocabulary learning were surveyed in two distinct learning environments: one in which English was studied as a second language (ESL), and another where it was a foreign language (EFL). A questionnaire was administered to 47 ESL and 43 EFL students about their vocabulary-learning activities. Cluster analysis identified eight…

Kojic-Sabo, Izabella; Lightbown, Patsy M.

1999-01-01

241

Mobile Learning and English Language Learners: A Case Study of Using iPod Touch as a Teaching and Learning Tool  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators have become increasingly interested in the learning benefits that mobile technology can provide to students in and out of classrooms. While there is considerable enthusiasm for using mobile devices to support learning with their multimedia capabilities, portability, connectivity, and flexibility, there is a paucity of research evidence…

Liu, Min; Navarrete, Cesar; Maradiegue, Erin; Wivagg, Jennifer

2014-01-01

242

A Machine Learning Approach to Coreference Resolution of Noun Phrases  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a learning approach to coreference resolution of noun phrases in unrestricted text. The approach learns from a small, annotated corpus and the task includes resolving not just a certain type of noun phrase (e.g., pronouns) but rather general noun phrases. It also does not restrict the entity types of the noun phrases; that is, coreference

Wee Meng Soon; Hwee Tou Ng; Chung Yong Lim

2001-01-01

243

A New Machine Learning Approach to Fingerprint Classification  

E-print Network

A New Machine Learning Approach to Fingerprint Classification Yuan Yao1 , Gian Luca Marcialis2 present new fingerprint classification algorithms based on two machine learning approaches: support vector of the fingerprint image. They are also used to extract a set of distributed features which can be integrated

Yao, Yuan

244

Should the Natural Learning Approach Replace Spelling Instruction?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews literature on the natural learning approach as it pertains to spelling instruction, which focuses on incidental and informal methods of learning to spell. Emphasizes there is only partial support for the inherent assumptions of the approach and reports young children who receive little or no spelling instruction do as well as their…

Graham, Steve

2000-01-01

245

A Guided Discovery Approach for Learning Metabolic Pathways  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning the wealth of information in metabolic pathways is both challenging and overwhelming for students. A step-by-step guided discovery approach to the learning of the chemical steps in gluconeogenesis and the citric acid cycle is described. This approach starts from concepts the student already knows, develops these further in a logical…

Schultz, Emeric

2005-01-01

246

The Design of Personal Mobile Technologies for Lifelong Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper sets out a framework for the design of a new genre of educational technology: personal (handheld or wearable) computer systems that support learning from any location throughout a lifetime. We set out a theory of lifelong learning mediated by technology and indicate how it can provide requirements for the software, hardware, communications and interface design of a handheld

Mike Sharples

2000-01-01

247

Reinforcement Learning based Omnidirectional Vision Agent for Mobile Robot Navigation  

E-print Network

is the application of Reinforcement Learning paradigm to Vision Agents aiming to develop a totally autonomous system , G. Cicirelli 2 , C. Simionato 1 , A. Distante 2 , and E. Pagello 1 Intelligent Autonomous Systems a Distributed Vision System (DVS). By copying the knowledge the aim is both reducing learning time

Menegatti, Emanuele

248

Transforming Clinical Imaging and 3D Data for Virtual Reality Learning Objects: HTML5 and Mobile Devices Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Web deployable anatomical simulations or "virtual reality learning objects" can easily be produced with QuickTime VR software, but their use for online and mobile learning is being limited by the declining support for web browser plug-ins for personal computers and unavailability on popular mobile devices like Apple iPad and Android…

Trelease, Robert B.; Nieder, Gary L.

2013-01-01

249

QR Code and Augmented Reality-Supported Mobile English Learning System  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Mobile learning highly prioritizes the successful acquisition of context-aware contents from a learning server. A variant\\u000a of 2D barcodes, the quick response (QR) code, which can be rapidly read using a PDA equipped with a camera and QR code reading\\u000a software, is considered promising for context-aware applications. This work presents a novel QR code and handheld augmented\\u000a reality (AR) supported

Tsung-Yu Liu; Tan-Hsu Tan; Yu-Ling Chu

2008-01-01

250

Learning Probabilistic Grid-Based Maps for Indoor Mobile Robots Using Ultrasonic and Laser Range Sensors  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a A new method for learning probabilistic grid-based maps of the environment of a mobile robot is described. New contributions\\u000a on the three major components of map learning, namely, sensor data fusion, exploration and position tracking, are proposed.\\u000a In particular, new models of sensors and a way of sensor data fusion that takes advantage of multiple viewpoints are presented.\\u000a A new

Leonardo Romero; Eduardo F. Morales; Luis Enrique Sucar

2000-01-01

251

The Research and Exploration of Mobile-Learning Based on Web2.0  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile-learning (m-learning) is not a new word in education nowadays, since it can be carried out time and space independently. However, it is difficult to be used for systematic study. In the other hand, Web2.0 has been prevailed in internet. The most outstanding traits of Web2.0 are harnessing collective intelligence, centering on individual and self-organization, which can increase learners' initiative

Zhiying Liu; Gang Zhao; Weibing Zheng; Jesse Jin

2008-01-01

252

Making learning whole: an instructional approach for mediating the practices of authentic science inquiries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This design experiment aimed to answer the question of how to mediate the practices of authentic science inquiries in primary education. An instructional approach based on activity theory was designed and carried out with multi-age students in a small village school. An open-ended learning task was offered to the older students. Their task was to design and implement instruction about the Ice Age to their younger fellows. The objective was collaborative learning among students, the teacher, and outside domain experts. Mobile phones and GPS technologies were applied as the main technological mediators in the learning process. Technology provided an opportunity to expand the learning environment outside the classroom, including the natural environment. Empirically, the goal was to answer the following questions: What kind of learning project emerged? How did the students' knowledge develop? What kinds of science learning processes, activities, and practices were represented? Multiple and parallel data were collected to achieve this aim. The data analysis revealed that the learning project both challenged the students to develop explanations for the phenomena and generated high quality conceptual and physical models in question. During the learning project, the roles of the community members were shaped, mixed, and integrated. The teacher also repeatedly evaluated and adjusted her behavior. The confidence of the learners in their abilities raised the quality of their learning outcomes. The findings showed that this instructional approach can not only mediate the kind of authentic practices that scientists apply but also make learning more holistic than it has been. Thus, it can be concluded that nature of the task, the tool-integrated collaborative inquiries in the natural environment, and the multiage setting can make learning whole.

Liljeström, Anu; Enkenberg, Jorma; Pöllänen, Sinikka

2013-03-01

253

A Project Mediation Approach to Interdisciplinary Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project based learning provides an ideal pedagogical context for the introduction of interdisciplinary perspectives and the facilitation of interdisciplinary competence. However, many questions about the curriculum design and the assessment of interdisciplinary learning are not adequately answered in the literature. In this paper, we attempt to extend computer supported project-based learning into interdisciplinary curricula. The purpose is to provide effective

Jyi-shane Liu; Tze-kai Huang

2005-01-01

254

Integrated motion planning and model learning for mobile robots with application to marine vehicles  

E-print Network

Robust motion planning algorithms for mobile robots consider stochasticity in the dynamic model of the vehicle and the environment. A practical robust planning approach balances the duration of the motion plan with the ...

Greytak, Matthew B. (Matthew Bardeen)

2009-01-01

255

Environmental Complexity Control for Vision-Based Learning Mobile Robot  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses how a robot can develop its state vector according to the complexity of the interac- tions with its environment. A method for controlling the complexity is proposed for a vision-based mobile robot of which task is to shoot a ball into a goal avoid- ing collisions with a goal keeper. First, we provide the most dicult situation

Eiji Uchibe; Minoru Asada; Koh Hosoda

1998-01-01

256

Assessing approaches to learning in independent learning envi- ronments in higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Described is the development and validation of an instrument designed to assess student approaches to learning in order to diagnose student potential for learning course content. The instrument measured three constructs including motivation, strategy use and learning style. The population studied consisted of 352 undergraduate engineering students at a comprehensive research university in the United States. The analysis supported the

C. Dillon; B. Greene; R. Mansell

2005-01-01

257

Investigations of Students' Motivation Towards Learning Secondary School Physics through Mastery Learning Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching method is a major factor that affects students' motivation to learn physics. This study investigated the effects of using mastery learning approach (MLA) on secondary school students' motivation to learn physics. Solomon four non-equivalent control group design under the quasi-experimental research method was used in which a random sample…

Changeiywo, Johnson M.; Wambugu, P. W.; Wachanga, S. W.

2011-01-01

258

Towards a Standards-Based Approach to E-Learning Personalization Using Reusable Learning Objects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

E-Learning systems that produce personalized course offerings for the learner are often expensive, both from a time and financial perspective, to develop and maintain. Learning content personalized to a learners' cognitive preferences has been shown to produce more effective learning, however many approaches to realizing this form of…

Conlan, Owen; Dagger, Declan; Wade, Vincent

259

The Blackboard Mobile Learn app for Android devices allows you to access your Blackboard courses in the palm of your hands.  

E-print Network

The Blackboard Mobile Learn app for Android devices allows you to access your Blackboard courses. To download and install the app, go to the Play Store and search for Blackboard Mobile Learn 2. Once you have with the Blackboard Mobile App, please visit Blackboard Mobile Resource Center at http

Qiu, Weigang

260

Mobile App Design for Teaching and Learning: Educators' Experiences in an Online Graduate Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research explored how educators with limited programming experiences learned to design mobile apps through peer support and instructor guidance. Educators were positive about the sense of community in this online course. They also considered App Inventor a great web-based visual programming tool for developing useful and fully functioning…

Hsu, Yu-Chang; Ching, Yu-Hui

2013-01-01

261

The learning and use of traversability affordance using range images on a mobile robot  

Microsoft Academic Search

We are interested in how the concept of affordances can affect our view to autonomous robot control, and how the results obtained from autonomous robotics can be reflected back upon the discussion and studies on the concept of affordances. In this paper, we studied how a mobile robot, equipped with a 3D laser scanner, can learn to perceive the traversability

Emre Ugur; Mehmet Remzi Dogar; Maya Cakmak; Erol Sahin

2007-01-01

262

Securing AJAX-enriched mobile environment for exchanging SVG-based learning materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

AJAX applications provide new learning possibilities through its support to dynamic interaction, knowledge sharing, and collaboration. Developers should be weary of new insecurities introduced by these capabilities. The mobile industry in particular has not made better use of AJAX because of the complexities involved dealing with open source XMLized documents such as SVGs. Such documents are becoming more and more

Jinan Fiaidhi; Sabah Mohammed; David A. J. Thomas; Lyle F. Chamarette

2010-01-01

263

Mobile technologies: prospects for their use in learning in informal science settings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent developments in mobile technologies have offered the potential to support learners studying a variety of subjects. In this paper we explore the possibilities related to science learners and in particular focus on science learners in informal settings and reflect on a number of recent projects in order to consider the prospects for such work. The debate on informal learning

Eileen Scanlon; Ann Jones; Jenny Waycott

2005-01-01

264

Implementing Mobile Environments using Learning Objects: The Athabasca University Digital Reading Room  

Microsoft Academic Search

This investigation determined some of the better strategies for delivering educational resources to mobile devices from the digital reading room (DRR) and the Athabasca University (AU) library catalogue using AirPac, making recommendations on the implementation of Mlearning as part of the AU e-learning strategy. The primary research question addressed in this short paper is: what are the limitations and difficulties

Rory Mcgreal; Billy Cheung; Tony Tin; Steve Schafer

2005-01-01

265

ICORR '99: International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, Stanford, CA AUTONOMY AND LEARNING IN MOBILE ROBOTS  

E-print Network

- 1 - ICORR '99: International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, Stanford, CA AUTONOMY AND LEARNING IN MOBILE ROBOTS George A. Bekey Computer Science Department University of Southern California Los Angeles, CA 90089-0781 bekey@robotics.usc.edu http://www-robotics.usc.edu/ Abstract Recent trends

Duckett, Tom

266

Perceptions of a Mobile Technology on Learning Strategies in the Anatomy Laboratory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile technologies offer new opportunities to improve dissection learning. This study examined the effect of using an iPad-based multimedia dissection manual during anatomy laboratory instruction on learner's perception of anatomy dissection activities and use of time. Three experimental dissection tables used iPads and three tables served as a…

Mayfield, Chandler H.; Ohara, Peter T.; O'Sullivan, Patricia S.

2013-01-01

267

Evolutionary Design of Controllers for Autonomous Line Tracking Mobile Robots Using Population Based Incremental Learning  

E-print Network

considerations concern ing cognition and computation. In this paper, situations where the robot receives desiredEvolutionary Design of Controllers for Autonomous Line Tracking Mobile Robots Using Population Based Incremental Learning Shahab Kalantar 1 , Parisa Eslambolchi 1 , MajidNili Ahmadabadi 2 * Robotics

Williamson, John

268

Mobile Learning: New Tools Flying in the Face of the Same Old Schooling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Currently mobile learning is making headlines in the educational press as a possible path for transforming education, just like it has significantly changed communication in business and society generally. Technology in American schools has a decades-long history of failure compared with its use outside schooling. Until the structure and political…

Berge, Zane L.

2013-01-01

269

Enhancing learning: a study of how mobile devices can facilitate sensemaking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Mobile technologies are increasingly being promoted,as tools to enhance learning. They can be used to augment ongoing activities, such as exploring outdoors, by enabling users to move back and forth between the physical environment,and a variety of digital resources and representations. In so doing, they have the potential to facilitate sensemakingactivities, where people seek to find

Yvonne Rogers; Kay Connelly; William R. Hazlewood; Lenore Tedesco

2010-01-01

270

To appear in Autonomous Robots Journal, Structure-Based Color Learning on a Mobile Robot  

E-print Network

-board a vision-based autonomous robot under varying illumination conditions. First, we present a baseline system; and how to learn in its current situation. We describe a self-contained vision system that works on, Real- time Vision. I. INTRODUCTION MOBILE robotic systems have recently been used in fields as diverse

Stone, Peter

271

The Sustainable Mobility Learning Laboratory: Interactive Web-Based Education on Transportation and the Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transportation field has for many years been dominated by engineers and other technical specialists. This article describes the Sustainable Mobility Learning Lab (SMLL), a Web-based tool designed to support classroom and university outreach activities to help initiate a more inclusive, nontechnical discussion about the role of transportation…

Schweitzer, Lisa A.; Marr, Linsey C.; Linford, John C.; Darby, Mary Ashburn

2008-01-01

272

Build robots that autonomously navigate and manipulate objects! Learn the fundamentals of mobile robotics!  

E-print Network

· Build robots that autonomously navigate and manipulate objects! · Learn the fundamentals of mobile robotics! · Explore topics like vision, navigation, localization, and kinematics! Course Objective This project course is a hands-on introduction to robotics. You will be introduced to the basic concepts

Goldwasser, Shafi

273

Scientific Inquiry, Digital Literacy, and Mobile Computing in Informal Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding the connections between scientific inquiry and digital literacy in informal learning environments is essential to furthering students' critical thinking and technology skills. The Habitat Tracker project combines a standards-based curriculum focused on the nature of science with an integrated system of online and mobile

Marty, Paul F.; Alemanne, Nicole D.; Mendenhall, Anne; Maurya, Manisha; Southerland, Sherry A.; Sampson, Victor; Douglas, Ian; Kazmer, Michelle M.; Clark, Amanda; Schellinger, Jennifer

2013-01-01

274

Use of Blended Approach in the Learning of Electromagnetic Induction  

E-print Network

This paper traces the importance of pedagogical content knowledge in the digital age to prepare today students for the 21st century. It highlights the need for ICT-based pedagogical models that are grounded in both the learning theories of constructivism and connectivism. One such suitable ICT-based pedagogical model is the TSOI Hybrid Learning Model. By means of a physics blended learning exemplar based on the TSOI Hybrid Learning Model, this paper argues for the use of blended learning approach as the way forward for 21st century teaching.

Chew, Charles

2015-01-01

275

Approaches to Learning and Kolb's Learning Styles of Undergraduates with Better Grades  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study is to investigate if the teaching, learning and assessment strategies conceived and implemented in a higher education chemistry course promote the development of conceptual understanding, as intended. Thus, our aim is to analyse the learning styles and the approaches to learning of chemistry undergraduates with better grades. The overall results show that the students with better grades possess the assimilator learning style, that is usually associated to the archetypal chemist. Moreover, the students with the highest grades revealed a conception of learning emphasising understanding. However, these students diverged both in their learning approaches and in their preferences for teaching strategies. The majority of students adopted a deep approach or a combination of a deep and a strategic approach, but half of them revealed their preference for teaching-centred strategies.

Almeida, Patrícia; Teixeira-Dias, José Joaquim; Martinho, Mariana; Balasooriya, Chinthaka

276

Learning robust plans for mobile robots from a single trial  

SciTech Connect

We address the problem of learning robust plans for robot navigation by observing particular robot behaviors. In this Paper we present a method which can learn a robust reactive example of a desired behavior. The translating a sequence of events arising system into a plan which represents among such events. This method allows us to rely or the underlying stability properties of low-level behavior processes in order to produce robust plans. Since the resultant plan reproduces the original behavior of the robot at a high level, it generalizes over small environmental changes and is robust to sensor and effector noise.

Engelson, S.P. [Bar-Ilan Univ., Ramat Gan (Israel)

1996-12-31

277

A Scalable Distributed Approach to Mobile Robot Vision  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper documents our progress during the first year of work on our original proposal entitled 'A Scalable Distributed Approach to Mobile Robot Vision'. We are pursuing a strategy for real-time visual identification and tracking of complex objects which does not rely on specialized image-processing hardware. In this system perceptual schemas represent objects as a graph of primitive features. Distributed software agents identify and track these features, using variable-geometry image subwindows of limited size. Active control of imaging parameters and selective processing makes simultaneous real-time tracking of many primitive features tractable. Perceptual schemas operate independently from the tracking of primitive features, so that real-time tracking of a set of image features is not hurt by latency in recognition of the object that those features make up. The architecture allows semantically significant features to be tracked with limited expenditure of computational resources, and allows the visual computation to be distributed across a network of processors. Early experiments are described which demonstrate the usefulness of this formulation, followed by a brief overview of our more recent progress (after the first year).

Kuipers, Benjamin; Browning, Robert L.; Gribble, William S.

1997-01-01

278

Reliability and Validity Study of the Mobile Learning Adoption Scale Developed Based on the Diffusion of Innovations Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, a mobile learning adoption scale (MLAS) was developed on the basis of Rogers' (2003) Diffusion of Innovations Theory. The scale that was developed consists of four sections. These sections are as follows: Stages in the innovation-decision process, Types of m-learning decision, Innovativeness level and attributes of m-learning.…

Celik, Ismail; Sahin, Ismail; Aydin, Mustafa

2014-01-01

279

Learning in a Mobile Age: An Investigation of Student Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this single-case study was to explore the lived experiences of a grade 6 teacher and students who used tablets as part of their classroom instruction. Malone and Lepper's taxonomy of intrinsic motivations for learning is used as a framework for examining whether and how this particular theory of motivation applies equally well…

Ciampa, K.

2014-01-01

280

An Exploratory Study of Unsupervised Mobile Learning in Rural India  

E-print Network

}@cs.cmu.edu 0BABSTRACT Cellphones have the potential to improve education for the millions of underprivileged-studied. In this paper, we argue that cellphones are a perfect vehicle for making educational opportunities accessible of cellphones to access educational content. Our results show a reasonable level of academic learning

O'Brien, James F.

281

Understanding Observational Learning: An Interbehavioral Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Observational learning is an important area in the field of psychology and behavior science more generally. Given this, it is essential that behavior analysts articulate a sound theory of how behavior change occurs through observation. This paper begins with an overview of seminal research in the area of observational learning, followed by a…

Fryling, Mitch J.; Johnston, Cristin; Hayes, Linda J.

2011-01-01

282

A New Approach to Group Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To help teachers plan strategy for working with a learning group, 12 factors affecting a learning group are discussed and a series of check points are identified as criteria for evaluation. Concepts and principles of group dynamics are drawn from sociology and the work of Carl Rogers. (Author/AJ)

Parsons, Jerry

1976-01-01

283

Comparison of approaches for mobile document image analysis using server supported smartphones  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the recent advances in mobile technologies, new capabilities are emerging, such as mobile document image analysis. However, mobile phones are still less powerful than servers, and they have some resource limitations. One approach to overcome these limitations is performing resource-intensive processes of the application on remote servers. In mobile document image analysis, the most resource consuming process is the Optical Character Recognition (OCR) process, which is used to extract text in mobile phone captured images. In this study, our goal is to compare the in-phone and the remote server processing approaches for mobile document image analysis in order to explore their trade-offs. For the inphone approach, all processes required for mobile document image analysis run on the mobile phone. On the other hand, in the remote-server approach, core OCR process runs on the remote server and other processes run on the mobile phone. Results of the experiments show that the remote server approach is considerably faster than the in-phone approach in terms of OCR time, but adds extra delays such as network delay. Since compression and downscaling of images significantly reduce file sizes and extra delays, the remote server approach overall outperforms the in-phone approach in terms of selected speed and correct recognition metrics, if the gain in OCR time compensates for the extra delays. According to the results of the experiments, using the most preferable settings, the remote server approach performs better than the in-phone approach in terms of speed and acceptable correct recognition metrics.

Ozarslan, Suleyman; Eren, P. Erhan

2014-03-01

284

Learning from project experiences using a legacy-based approach  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As project teams become used more widely, the question of how to capitalize on the knowledge learned in project teams remains an open issue. Using previous research on shared cognition in groups, an approach to promoting post-project learning was developed. This Legacy Review concept was tested on four in tact project teams. The results from those test sessions were used to develop a model of team learning via group cognitive processes. The model and supporting propositions are presented.

Cooper, Lynne P.; Majchrzak, Ann; Faraj, Samer

2005-01-01

285

A Cultural Approach to Networked-Based Mobile Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses cultural conditions for networked-based mobile education. In our paper, we demonstrate how an Integrated Meta-Model that we have been developing in our MOMENTS project, i.e. Models and Methods for Future Knowledge Construction: Interdisciplinary Implementations with Mobile Technologies, can be used as a heuristic tool for…

Koskimaa, Raine; Lehtonen, Miika; Heinonen, Ulla; Ruokamo, Heli; Tissari, Varpu; Vahtivuori-Hanninen, Sanna; Tella, Seppo

2007-01-01

286

A Multiple Mobility Support Approach (MMSA) based on PEAS for NCW in wireless sensor networks.  

PubMed

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) can be implemented as one of sensor systems in Network Centric Warfare (NCW). Mobility support and energy efficiency are key concerns for this application, due to multiple mobile users and stimuli in real combat field. However, mobility support approaches that can be adopted in this circumstance are rare. This paper proposes Multiple Mobility Support Approach (MMSA) based on Probing Environment and Adaptive Sleeping (PEAS) to support the simultaneous mobility of both multiple users and stimuli by sharing the information of stimuli in WSNs. Simulations using Qualnet are conducted, showing that MMSA can support multiple mobile users and stimuli with good energy efficiency. It is expected that the proposed MMSA can be applied to real combat field. PMID:22346606

Koo, Bong-Joo; Kim, Seog-Bong; Park, Jong-Yil; Park, Kang-Min

2011-01-01

287

Designing Interactive Learning Environments: An Approach from First Principles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Today's technology supports the design of more and more sophisticated interactive learning environments. This paper aims to argue that such design should develop from first principles. Design/methodology/approach: In the paper by first principles is meant: learning theory and principles of course design. These principles are briefly…

Scott, Bernard; Cong, Chunyu

2007-01-01

288

Approaches to Learning Information Literacy: A Phenomenographic Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on an empirical study that explores the ways students approach learning to find and use information. Based on interviews with 15 education students in an Australian university, this study uses phenomenography as its methodological and theoretical basis. The study reveals that students use three main strategies for learning

Diehm, Rae-Anne; Lupton, Mandy

2012-01-01

289

Practical Approaches to Using Learning Styles in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this collection of essays is on new approaches to teaching in higher education. Selections are organized in five sections; the first section focuses on learning styles, while the remaining sections focus on applications in various academic disciplines. The chapters include: (1) "Capitalizing on College Students' Learning Styles:…

Dunn, Rita, Ed.; Griggs, Shirley A., Ed.

290

Networked Learning, a Relational Approach Weak and Strong Ties  

E-print Network

Networked Learning, a Relational Approach ­ Weak and Strong Ties Jones, C. 1 , Ferreday, D.2.ferreday@lancaster.ac.uk, v.hodgson@lancaster.ac.uk ABSTRACT In this paper, we explore the idea of weak ties in networked learning. We go back to the original conception of the strength of weak ties (Granovetter 1973) and relate

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

291

FACE, EXPRESSION, AND IRIS RECOGNITION USING LEARNING-BASED APPROACHES  

E-print Network

FACE, EXPRESSION, AND IRIS RECOGNITION USING LEARNING-BASED APPROACHES by Guodong Guo (Computer Sciences) at the UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN­MADISON 2006 #12;FACE, EXPRESSION, AND IRIS RECOGNITION, the key idea is to use learning- based methods whenever possible. For face recognition, we propose a face

Dyer, Charles R.

292

Group Experiential Learning with Undergraduate Nursing Students: An Interdisciplinary Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examined an interdisciplinary, collaborative experiential group learning approach, in which undergraduate nursing students met in small groups led by counseling doctoral student co-leaders. Statistical analysis suggests that the teaching method lead to learning of group concepts. Discussion addresses anecdotal observations, limitations, and implications for interdisciplinary collaboration.

M. Carole Pistole; Jane Kinyon; Cynthia Bozich Keith

2008-01-01

293

Teaching Math in the Primary Grades: The Learning Trajectories Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's thinking follows natural developmental paths in learning math. When teachers understand those paths and offer activities based on children's progress along them, they build developmentally appropriate math environments. The authors explain math learning trajectories and why teaching math using the trajectories approach is effective. A…

Sarama, Julie; Clements, Douglas

2009-01-01

294

Learning Objects Update: Review and Critical Approach to Content Aggregation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The structure and composite nature of a learning object is still open to interpretation. Although several theoretical studies advocate integrated approaches to the structure and aggregation level of learning objects, in practice, many content specifications, such as SCORM, IMS Content Packaging, and course authoring tools, do not explicitly state…

Balatsoukas, Panos; Morris, Anne; O'Brien, Ann

2008-01-01

295

University Students' Achievement Goals and Approaches to Learning in Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Achievement goals (AG) and students' approaches to learning (SAL) are two research perspectives on student motivation and learning in higher education that have until now been pursued quite independently. Aims: This study sets out: (a) to explore the relationship between the most representative variables of SAL and AG; (b) to identify…

Cano, Francisco; Berben, A. B. G.

2009-01-01

296

Blended Learning in Higher Education: Three Different Design Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Blended learning has been growing in popularity as it has proved to be an effective approach for accommodating an increasingly diverse student population whilst adding value to the learning environment through incorporation of online teaching resources. Despite this growing interest, there is ongoing debate about the definition of the concept of…

Alammary, Ali; Sheard, Judy; Carbone, Angela

2014-01-01

297

Mini Anchors: A Universal Design for Learning Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers are challenged to create flexible learning environments that prepare students with diverse learning needs for adaptable thinking in a fast-paced and changing society. To address this need, we used a design-based research approach to develop a technology-based solution to individualize mathematical problem solving instruction to students…

Zydney, Janet Mannheimer; Hasselbring, Ted S.

2014-01-01

298

An Active Learning Approach with Uncertainty, Representativeness, and Diversity  

PubMed Central

Big data from the Internet of Things may create big challenge for data classification. Most active learning approaches select either uncertain or representative unlabeled instances to query their labels. Although several active learning algorithms have been proposed to combine the two criteria for query selection, they are usually ad hoc in finding unlabeled instances that are both informative and representative and fail to take the diversity of instances into account. We address this challenge by presenting a new active learning framework which considers uncertainty, representativeness, and diversity creation. The proposed approach provides a systematic way for measuring and combining the uncertainty, representativeness, and diversity of an instance. Firstly, use instances' uncertainty and representativeness to constitute the most informative set. Then, use the kernel k-means clustering algorithm to filter the redundant samples and the resulting samples are queried for labels. Extensive experimental results show that the proposed approach outperforms several state-of-the-art active learning approaches. PMID:25180208

He, Tianxu; Zhang, Shukui; Xin, Jie; Xian, Xuefeng; Li, Chunhua; Cui, Zhiming

2014-01-01

299

An active learning approach with uncertainty, representativeness, and diversity.  

PubMed

Big data from the Internet of Things may create big challenge for data classification. Most active learning approaches select either uncertain or representative unlabeled instances to query their labels. Although several active learning algorithms have been proposed to combine the two criteria for query selection, they are usually ad hoc in finding unlabeled instances that are both informative and representative and fail to take the diversity of instances into account. We address this challenge by presenting a new active learning framework which considers uncertainty, representativeness, and diversity creation. The proposed approach provides a systematic way for measuring and combining the uncertainty, representativeness, and diversity of an instance. Firstly, use instances' uncertainty and representativeness to constitute the most informative set. Then, use the kernel k-means clustering algorithm to filter the redundant samples and the resulting samples are queried for labels. Extensive experimental results show that the proposed approach outperforms several state-of-the-art active learning approaches. PMID:25180208

He, Tianxu; Zhang, Shukui; Xin, Jie; Zhao, Pengpeng; Wu, Jian; Xian, Xuefeng; Li, Chunhua; Cui, Zhiming

2014-01-01

300

HAWAII: a domain-based approach for supporting mobility in wide-area wireless networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile IP is the current standard for supporting macromobility of mobile hosts. However, in the case of micromobility support, there are several competing proposals. In this paper, we present the design, implementation, and performance evaluation of HAWAII, a domain-based approach for supporting mobility. HAWAII uses specialized path setup schemes which install host-based forwarding entries in specific routers to support intra-domain

Ramachandran Ramjee; Kannan Varadhan; Luca Salgarelli; Sandra R. Thuel; Shie-Yuan Wang; Thomas F. La Porta

2002-01-01

301

In: Isaas, P.; Kommers. P. & Snchez, I.A. (Eds.) Proceedings of Mobile Learning 2006. IADIS: pp. 73-80. THE MOLES AND MINI MOLES SOFTWARE SYSTEM  

E-print Network

and outside classroom learning experiences. Secondary school students use these tools for hypothesizing, transferring, and testing lessons learned in the classroom into their physical environment. In particular-disciplinary subject material. KEYWORDS Mobile learning, collaboration, knowledge transfer, content management system

Lübeck, Universität zu

302

Service-Learning Pedagogy: Benefits of a Learning Community Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Service-learning is, by nature, continually evolving. Seifer (1996) stressed the importance of partnerships between communities and schools, and stated that reflection should facilitate the connection between practice and theory, and lead to critical thinking. Before these reflective activities occur, however, much can be done to maximize…

Flinders, Brooke A.

2013-01-01

303

New Approaches to Human Mobility: Using Mobile Phones for Demographic Research  

PubMed Central

This article explores new methods for gathering and analyzing spatially rich demographic data using mobile phones. It describes a pilot study (the Human Mobility Project) in which volunteers around the world were successfully recruited to share GPS and cellular tower information on their trajectories and respond to dynamic, location-based surveys using an open-source Android application. The pilot study illustrates the great potential of mobile phone methodology for moving spatial measures beyond residential census units and investigating a range of important social phenomena, including the heterogeneity of activity spaces, the dynamic nature of spatial segregation, and the contextual dependence of subjective well-being. PMID:23192393

Palmer, John R.B.; Espenshade, Thomas J.; Bartumeus, Frederic; Chung, Chang Y.; Ozgencil, Necati Ercan; Li, Kathleen

2012-01-01

304

Interrelations among University Students' Approaches to Learning, Regulation of Learning, and Cognitive and Attributional Strategies: A Person Oriented Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationships among approaches to learning, regulation of learning, cognitive and attributional strategies, stress, exhaustion, and study success. University students (N = 437) from three faculties filled in a questionnaire concerning their self-reported study behaviour, cognitive strategies, and well-being. Their…

Heikkila, Annamari; Niemivirta, Markku; Nieminen, Juha; Lonka, Kirsti

2011-01-01

305

Pinpointing Tourism Information onto Mobile Maps A Light-Weight Approach  

E-print Network

Pinpointing Tourism Information onto Mobile Maps ­ A Light-Weight Approach W. Schwinger1 , C. Grün2, Universitätsstra�e 15, A-6020 http://iset.uibk.ac.at Abstract. Location-based systems in the area of tourism, so-called mobile tourist guides, combine geographic information and tourism information in order to deliver

Hochreiter, Sepp

306

Mobile Robot Localization Based on a Set Approach using Heterogeneous Measurements  

E-print Network

Mobile Robot Localization Based on a Set Approach using Heterogeneous Measurements Colle, Galerne.jubert}@ibisc.univ-evry.fr Corresponding author Etienne.Colle@ibisc.univ-evry.fr Keywords: Robot mobile localization, Interval analysis the problem of the localization of a robot in in large and cooperative environments using real-time data

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

307

Self-Managing and Self-Organising Mobile Computing Applications: a Separation of Concerns approach  

E-print Network

Self-Managing and Self-Organising Mobile Computing Applications: a Separation of Concerns approach ABSTRACT Self-organising systems are being developed in an ad-hoc way, without reusing functionalities of self-organising applications and a for- tiori the one of self-organising mobile applications is lim

Dobson, Simon

308

Triton: A Carrier-based Approach for Detecting and Mitigating Mobile Malware  

E-print Network

Triton: A Carrier-based Approach for Detecting and Mitigating Mobile Malware Arati Baliga1 fraudulent revenue streams. In this paper, we describe Triton, a new, network-based architecture, and a prototype implementation of it, for detecting and mitigating mobile malware. Our implementation of Triton

Fisher, Kathleen

309

Hybrid fuel cell for mobile devices : an integrated approach  

E-print Network

As mobile devices advance to 3G and beyond, there will be a pressing need for increased power to drive these devices, which the current batteries cannot provide. The direct methanol fuel cell has been identified as a ...

Sohn, Munhee, 1981-

2006-01-01

310

Reinforcement function design and bias for efficient learning in mobile robots  

SciTech Connect

The main paradigm in sub-symbolic learning robot domain is the reinforcement learning method. Various techniques have been developed to deal with the memorization/generalization problem, demonstrating the superior ability of artificial neural network implementations. In this paper, the authors address the issue of designing the reinforcement so as to optimize the exploration part of the learning. They also present and summarize works relative to the use of bias intended to achieve the effective synthesis of the desired behavior. Demonstrative experiments involving a self-organizing map implementation of the Q-learning and real mobile robots (Nomad 200 and Khepera) in a task of obstacle avoidance behavior synthesis are described. 3 figs., 5 tabs.

Touzet, C. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Computer Science and Mathematics Div.; Santos, J.M. [Univ. of Buenos Aires (Argentina). Dept. Computacion

1998-06-01

311

A Cognitive Approach to Student-Centered e-Learning  

SciTech Connect

Like traditional classroom instruction, distance/electronic learning (e-Learning) derives from largely behaviorist computer-based instruction paradigms that tend to reflect passive training philosophies. Over the past thirty years, more flexible, student-centered classroom teaching methods have been advocated based on the concepts of ''discovery'' learning and ''active'' learning; student-centered approaches are likewise encouraged in the development of e-Learning applications. Nevertheless, many e-Learning applications that employ state-of-the art multimedia technology in which students interact with simulations, animations, video, and sounds still fail to meet their expected training potential. Implementation of multimedia-based training features may give the impression of engaging the student in more active forms of learning, but sophisticated use of multimedia features does not necessarily produce the desired effect. This paper briefly reviews some general guidelines for applying cognitive science principles to development of student-centered e-Learning applications and describes a cognitive approach to e-Learning development that is being undertaken for the US Army.

Greitzer, Frank L.

2002-09-30

312

3D interactive augmented reality-enhanced digital learning systems for mobile devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With enhanced processing capability of mobile platforms, augmented reality (AR) has been considered a promising technology for achieving enhanced user experiences (UX). Augmented reality is to impose virtual information, e.g., videos and images, onto a live-view digital display. UX on real-world environment via the display can be e ectively enhanced with the adoption of interactive AR technology. Enhancement on UX can be bene cial for digital learning systems. There are existing research works based on AR targeting for the design of e-learning systems. However, none of these work focuses on providing three-dimensional (3-D) object modeling for en- hanced UX based on interactive AR techniques. In this paper, the 3-D interactive augmented reality-enhanced learning (IARL) systems will be proposed to provide enhanced UX for digital learning. The proposed IARL systems consist of two major components, including the markerless pattern recognition (MPR) for 3-D models and velocity-based object tracking (VOT) algorithms. Realistic implementation of proposed IARL system is conducted on Android-based mobile platforms. UX on digital learning can be greatly improved with the adoption of proposed IARL systems.

Feng, Kai-Ten; Tseng, Po-Hsuan; Chiu, Pei-Shuan; Yang, Jia-Lin; Chiu, Chun-Jie

2013-03-01

313

Larvae, Ladies and Learning: The Project Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Project Approach and how it was used in a Grade 1 exploration of Painted Lady butterflies in Ontario, Canada. Outlines the students' experience with the project and examines the compatibility of the Project Approach with the Ontario Science and Technology Curriculum document. Maintains that the Project Approach supports and…

Whitham, Laurel; Killoran, Isabel

2003-01-01

314

Epistemological Belief and Learning Approaches of Students in Higher Institutions of Learning in Malaysia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is an investigation of the students' beliefs about the nature of knowledge or epistemological beliefs, and the relation of these beliefs on their learning approaches. Students chosen as samples of the study were from both public and private higher institutions of learning in Malaysia. The instrument used in the study consists of 49 items…

Ismail, Habsah; Hassan, Aminuddin; Muhamad, Mohd. Mokhtar; Ali, Wan Zah Wan; Konting, Mohd. Majid

2013-01-01

315

A Collaborative Game-Based Learning Approach to Improving Students' Learning Performance in Science Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, a collaborative game-based learning environment is developed by integrating a grid-based Mindtool to facilitate the students to share and organize what they have learned during the game-playing process. To evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed approach, an experiment has been conducted in an elementary school natural science…

Sung, Han-Yu; Hwang, Gwo-Jen

2013-01-01

316

Approaches to Biology Teaching and Learning Making Biology Learning Relevant to Students: Integrating  

E-print Network

Feature Approaches to Biology Teaching and Learning Making Biology Learning Relevant to Students: Integrating People, History, and Context into College Biology Teaching Katayoun Chamany,*Deborah Allen College, The New School for Liberal Arts, New York, NY 10011; Department of Biological Sciences

317

Evoked Prior Learning Experience and Approach to Learning as Predictors of Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: In separate studies and research from different perspectives, five factors are found to be among those related to higher quality outcomes of student learning (academic achievement). Those factors are higher self-efficacy, deeper approaches to learning, higher quality teaching, students' perceptions that their workload is…

Trigwell, Keith; Ashwin, Paul; Millan, Elena S.

2013-01-01

318

A MultiFaceted Approach to Inquiry-Based Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to fully attain the benefits of inquiry-based learning, instructors who typically employ the traditional lecture format need to make several adjustments to their approach. This change in styles can be intimidating and logistically difficult to overcome. A stepwise approach to this transformation is likely to be more manageable for individual faculty or departments. In this session, we will

M. R. Brudzinski; J. Sikorski

2009-01-01

319

Effective Learning Approaches for Sustainability: A Student Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors offer an exploratory glimpse into the perceived effectiveness of learning approaches presently being used to teach students about sustainability in a business school setting. Sustainability is a topic of growing importance in business and business education. Using teaching approaches generated through self-reports related to the…

Erskine, Laura; Johnson, Scott D.

2012-01-01

320

A machine learning approach for identifying subtypes of autism  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present a machine learning approach to mining a questionnaire database, which is part of the medical record, of patients suffering from a degree of autism. One of the most important components of this approach is the selection of features for identifying subtypes of autism.. Different sets of features have been chosen as input to experiments that

Rocio Guillén; Curtis Jensen; Stephen Edelson

2010-01-01

321

Course experience, approaches to learning and academic achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The present study seeks to compare scores on factors from the Course Experience Questionnaire (CEQ) with scores on an abbreviated version of the Approaches and Study Skills Inventory for Students (ASSIST) and examination grade among undergraduate psychology students. The purpose is to investigate the relationship between course experience and approaches to learning, and to examine their relative importance

Ĺge Diseth; Stĺle Pallesen; Anders Hovland; Svein Larsen

2006-01-01

322

Newton's First Law: A Learning Cycle Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To demonstrate how Newton's first law of motion applies to students' everyday lives, the author developed a learning cycle series of activities on inertia. The discrepant event at the heart of these activities is sure to elicit wide-eyed stares and puzzled looks from students, but also promote critical thinking and help bring an abstract concept…

McCarthy, Deborah

2005-01-01

323

A psychological approach to learning causal networks.  

PubMed

We examine the role of a common cognitive heuristic in unsupervised learning of Bayesian probability networks from data. Human beings perceive a larger association between causal than diagnostic relationships. This psychological principal can be used to orient the arcs within Bayesian networks by prohibiting the direction that is less predictive. The heuristic increased predictive accuracy by an average of 0.51 % percent, a small amount. It also increased total agreement between different network learning algorithms (Max Spanning Tree, Taboo, EQ, SopLeq, and Taboo Order) by 25 %. Prior to use of the heuristic, the multiple raters Kappa between the algorithms was 0.60 (95 % confidence interval, CI, from 0.53 to 0.67) indicating moderate agreement among the networks learned through different algorithms. After the use of the heuristic, the multiple raters Kappa was 0.85 (95 % CI from 0.78 to 0.92). There was a statistically significant increase in agreement between the five algorithms (alpha learned through use of different algorithms, without loss of predictive accuracy. Additional research is needed to see if findings persist in other data sets and to explain why a heuristic used by humans could improve construct validity of mathematical algorithms. PMID:24048957

Zargoush, Manaf; Alemi, Farrokh; Esposito Vinzi, Vinzenzo; Vang, Jee; Kheirbek, Raya

2014-06-01

324

The Cognitive Vocabulary Approach to Word Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

English teachers face myriad demands every day that include not only helping students read literature in interesting and engaging ways but also attending to the needs of students challenged by the demands of more complex and sophisticated texts. Vocabulary learning is at the heart of this struggle for many students, especially for English language…

Harmon, Janis M.; Buckelew-Martin, Elizabeth; Wood, Karen D.

2010-01-01

325

Creating & Managing Learning Centers: A Thematic Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Providing a center-oriented classroom takes more than rearranging the furniture. This book offers guidance to teachers in all aspects of creating learning centers in the classroom. The first section, comprised of five chapters, provides information on using small areas of the classroom for specific activities or tasks. Chapter 1 explains different…

Ingraham, Phoebe Bell

326

Enterprise Approaches to Information and Learning Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Like it or not, an institution's IT infrastructure is a matter with which institutional strategic planners must concern themselves. Information systems represent a significant investment, they perform mission-critical functions, and the appropriate use of information and learning technologies can have a critical part to play in delivering against…

Ferrell, Gill

2007-01-01

327

An Active Learning Approach to Teaching Statistics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides suggestions for using active learning as the primary means to teaching statistics in order to create a collaborative environment. Addresses such strategies as using SPSS Base 7.5 for Windows and course periods centered on answering student-generated questions. Discusses various writing intensive assignments. (CMK)

Dolinsky, Beverly

2001-01-01

328

Learning Accuracy and Availability of Humans who Help Mobile Robots Stephanie Rosenthal, Manuela Veloso, and Anind K. Dey  

E-print Network

Learning Accuracy and Availability of Humans who Help Mobile Robots Stephanie Rosenthal, Manuela Abstract When mobile robots perform tasks in environments with humans, it seems appropriate for the robots to rely on such humans for help instead of dedicated hu- man oracles or supervisors. However, these humans

McLaren, Bruce Martin

329

Arogyasree: An Enhanced Grid-Based Approach to Mobile Telemedicine  

PubMed Central

A typical telemedicine system involves a small set of hospitals providing remote healthcare services to a small section of the society using dedicated nodal centers. However, in developing nations like India where majority live in rural areas that lack specialist care, we envision the need for much larger Internet-based telemedicine systems that would enable a large pool of doctors and hospitals to collectively provide healthcare services to entire populations. We propose a scalable, Internet-based P2P architecture for telemedicine integrating multiple hospitals, mobile medical specialists, and rural mobile units. This system, based on the store and forward model, features a distributed context-aware scheduler for providing timely and location-aware telemedicine services. Other features like zone-based overlay structure and persistent object space abstraction make the system efficient and easy to use. Lastly, the system uses the existing internet infrastructure and supports mobility at doctor and patient ends. PMID:20467560

Kailasam, Sriram; Kumar, Santosh; Dharanipragada, Janakiram

2010-01-01

330

An Intelligent E-Learning Software for Learning to Write Correct Chinese Characters on Mobile Devices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Learning Chinese is unquestionably very important and popular worldwide with the fast economic growth of China. To most foreigners and also local students, one of the major challenges in learning Chinese is to write Chinese characters in correct stroke sequences that are considered as significant in the Chinese culture. However, due to…

Tam, Vincent

2012-01-01

331

A natural language processing approach for mobile service robot control  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the operation of mobile robots, the design of the man-machine interface has a major impact on the acceptance by the user. This is especially valid when dealing with users of minor or no training, which can be found in almost any application area, ranging from transport or construction tasks to assistive technology for elderly and disabled. The following essay

P. Drews; P. Fromm

1997-01-01

332

Learning through Assessment: A Project Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the teacher certification program offered at the Fryeburg site of the University of Southern Maine's Extended Teacher Education Program and how the spirit of inquiry that is fostered through a project approach affects the interns and the practicing teachers with whom they work. The program uses a project approach to organize…

Hastings, Jan; And Others

333

Constructing Images of Ourselves? A Critical Investigation into "Approaches to Learning" Research in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the surprising lack of critique in the pedagogical literatures of higher education in relation to the use of ideas surrounding deep and surface approaches to learning. Explores problems with the assumed relationships among conceptions of learning, perceptions of the learning environment, approaches to learning, and learning outcomes.…

Haggis, Tamsin

2003-01-01

334

Benefiting from Customer and Competitor Knowledge: A Market-Based Approach to Organizational Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to review the organizational learning, market orientation and learning orientation concepts, highlight the importance of market knowledge to organizational learning and recommend ways in adopting a market-based approach to organizational learning. Design/methodology/approach: The extant organizational learning

Hoe, Siu Loon

2008-01-01

335

Learning Compact 3d Models of Indoor and Outdoor Environments with a Mobile Robot  

E-print Network

estimation with an algorithm for approximating environments using flat surfaces. On top of that, our approach reconstruction of indoor and outdoor environments with mobile robots. Data is acquired with laser range finders equipped with laser range finders. To estimate the pose of the robot while collecting the data

Burgard, Wolfram

336

Sonar-based mobile robot navigation through supervised learning on a neural net  

Microsoft Academic Search

For mobile robot navigation in an unknown and changing environment, a reactive approach is both simple to implement and fast in response. A neural net can be trained to exhibit such a behaviour. The advantage is that, it relates the desired motion directly to the sensor inputs, obviating the need of modeling and planning. In this work, a feedforward neural

Prabir K. Pal; Asim Kar

1996-01-01

337

Relations between teachers' approaches to teaching and students' approaches to learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on an empirical study which shows that qualitatively different approaches to teaching are associated with qualitatively different approaches to learning. More specifically, the results indicate that in the classes where teachers describe their approach to teaching as having a focus on what they do and on transmitting knowledge, students are more likely to report that they adopt

KEITH TRIGWELL; MICHAEL PROSSER; FIONA WATERHOUSE

1999-01-01

338

Scanlon, E., Jones, A. & Waycott, J. (2005). Mobile technologies: prospects for their use in learning in informal science settings.  

E-print Network

in learning in informal science settings. Journal of Interactive Media in Education 2005(25). [jime December 2005 ISSN: 1365-893X Mobile technologies: prospects for their use in learning in informal science the possibilities related to science learners and in particular focus on science learners in informal settings

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

339

Mobile Inquiry Learning in Sweden: Development Insights on Interoperability, Extensibility and Sustainability of the LETS GO Software System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the overall lifecycle and evolution of a software system we have developed in relation to the "Learning Ecology through Science with Global Outcomes" (LETS GO) research project. One of the aims of the project is to support "open inquiry learning" using mobile science collaboratories that provide open…

Vogel, Bahtijar; Kurti, Arianit; Milrad, Marcelo; Johansson, Emil; Müller, Maximilian

2014-01-01

340

Context-Awareness on Mobile Devices - the Hydrogen Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information about the user's environment offers new opportunities and exposes new challenges in terms of time-aware, location-aware, device-aware and personalized applications. Such applications constantly need to monitor the environment - called context - to allow the application to react accordingly to this context. Context-awareness is especially interesting in mobile scenarios where the context of the application is highly dynamic and

Thomas Hofer; Wieland Schwinger; Mario Pichler; Gerhard Leonhartsberger; Josef Altmann; Werner Retschitzegger

2003-01-01

341

Should Mobile Learning Be Compulsory for Preparing Students for Learning in the Workplace?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From the contexts of current social, educational and health policy, there appears to be an increasingly inevitable "mobilisation" of resources in medicine and health as the use mobile technology devices and applications becomes widespread and culturally "normed" in workplaces. Over the past 8 years, students from the University…

Fuller, Richard; Joynes, Viktoria

2015-01-01

342

Locomotion Approach of REMORA: a REonfigurable MObile Robot for manufacturing Applications  

E-print Network

Locomotion Approach of REMORA: a REonfigurable MObile Robot for manufacturing Applications Hai Yang the locomotion approach of a novel quadruped robot which is able to carry various effectors for achieving as well as locomotion tasks. In the following sections, we first present the proposed robot and its two

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

343

Throw your photos: an intuitive approach for sharing between mobile phones and interactive tables  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many approaches have been proposed to connect mobile phones with interactive tables. Most rely on having the phone placed on table all times, which may hinder the overall user experience with applications on phones in general and with photo sharing ones in particular: privacy, intuitiveness of use, and technology limits are on stake. We introduce in this paper an approach

Fadi Chehimi; Enrico Rukzio

2010-01-01

344

Case studies of applying Gibson's ecological approach to mobile robots  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gibson's ecological approach to perception has recently received significant attention in the robotics literature, The approach relies on the identification and application of affordances for a behaviour. However, determining suitable affordances has been treated as an art rather than a science. This paper presents a methodology for deciding whether an affordance-based approach should be pursued for a specific behaviour and

Robin R. Murphy

1999-01-01

345

A developmental approach to learning causal models for cyber security  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To keep pace with our adversaries, we must expand the scope of machine learning and reasoning to address the breadth of possible attacks. One approach is to employ an algorithm to learn a set of causal models that describes the entire cyber network and each host end node. Such a learning algorithm would run continuously on the system and monitor activity in real time. With a set of causal models, the algorithm could anticipate novel attacks, take actions to thwart them, and predict the second-order effects flood of information, and the algorithm would have to determine which streams of that flood were relevant in which situations. This paper will present the results of efforts toward the application of a developmental learning algorithm to the problem of cyber security. The algorithm is modeled on the principles of human developmental learning and is designed to allow an agent to learn about the computer system in which it resides through active exploration. Children are flexible learners who acquire knowledge by actively exploring their environment and making predictions about what they will find,1, 2 and our algorithm is inspired by the work of the developmental psychologist Jean Piaget.3 Piaget described how children construct knowledge in stages and learn new concepts on top of those they already know. Developmental learning allows our algorithm to focus on subsets of the environment that are most helpful for learning given its current knowledge. In experiments, the algorithm was able to learn the conditions for file exfiltration and use that knowledge to protect sensitive files.

Mugan, Jonathan

2013-05-01

346

Learning Optimized Local Difference Binaries for Scalable Augmented Reality on Mobile Devices.  

PubMed

The efficiency, robustness and distinctiveness of a feature descriptor are critical to the user experience and scalability of a mobile Augmented Reality system. However, existing descriptors are either too computationally expensive to achieve real-time performance on a mobile device such as a smartphone or tablet, or not sufficiently robust and distinctive to identify correct matches from a large database. As a result, current mobile AR systems still only have limited capabilities, which greatly restrict their deployment in practice. In this paper, we propose a highly efficient and distinctive binary descriptor, called Learning-based Local Difference Binary (LLDB). LLDB directly computes a binary string for an image patch using simple intensity and gradient difference tests on pairwise grid cells within the patch. To select an optimized set of grid cell pairs, we densely sample grid cells from an image patch and then leverage a modified AdaBoost algorithm to automatically extract a small set of critical ones. Experimental results demonstrate that LLDB is extremely fast to compute and to match against a large database due to its high robustness and distinctiveness. Comparing to existing binary descriptors, LLDB has similar efficiency for descriptor construction, while achieves a greater accuracy and faster matching speed when matching over a large database on mobile devices. PMID:24277947

Yang, Xin; Cheng, Kwang-Ting Tim

2013-11-20

347

The Capability Approach: Enabling Musical Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Amartya Sen's capability approach offers a new perspective for educators throughout the curriculum. This new insight has the potential to promote a music education that is inherently tailored to the individual. In essence it asks the question: What is music education going to offer to this student? This article represents an initial enquiry into…

Cameron, Kate

2012-01-01

348

Considering a resource-light approach to learning verb valencies  

E-print Network

Here we describe work on learning the subcategories of verbs in a morphologically rich language using only minimal linguistic resources. Our goal is to learn verb subcategorizations for Quechua, an under-resourced morphologically rich language, from an unannotated corpus. We compare results from applying this approach to an unannotated Arabic corpus with those achieved by processing the same text in treebank form. The original plan was to use only a morphological analyzer and an unannotated corpus, but experiments suggest that this approach by itself will not be effective for learning the combinatorial potential of Arabic verbs in general. The lower bound on resources for acquiring this information is somewhat higher, apparently requiring a a part-of-speech tagger and chunker for most languages, and a morphological disambiguater for Arabic.

Rudnick, Alex

2012-01-01

349

Rapid imaging, detection and quantification of Giardia lamblia cysts using mobile-phone based fluorescent microscopy and machine learning.  

PubMed

Rapid and sensitive detection of waterborne pathogens in drinkable and recreational water sources is crucial for treating and preventing the spread of water related diseases, especially in resource-limited settings. Here we present a field-portable and cost-effective platform for detection and quantification of Giardia lamblia cysts, one of the most common waterborne parasites, which has a thick cell wall that makes it resistant to most water disinfection techniques including chlorination. The platform consists of a smartphone coupled with an opto-mechanical attachment weighing ~205 g, which utilizes a hand-held fluorescence microscope design aligned with the camera unit of the smartphone to image custom-designed disposable water sample cassettes. Each sample cassette is composed of absorbent pads and mechanical filter membranes; a membrane with 8 ?m pore size is used as a porous spacing layer to prevent the backflow of particles to the upper membrane, while the top membrane with 5 ?m pore size is used to capture the individual Giardia cysts that are fluorescently labeled. A fluorescence image of the filter surface (field-of-view: ~0.8 cm(2)) is captured and wirelessly transmitted via the mobile-phone to our servers for rapid processing using a machine learning algorithm that is trained on statistical features of Giardia cysts to automatically detect and count the cysts captured on the membrane. The results are then transmitted back to the mobile-phone in less than 2 minutes and are displayed through a smart application running on the phone. This mobile platform, along with our custom-developed sample preparation protocol, enables analysis of large volumes of water (e.g., 10-20 mL) for automated detection and enumeration of Giardia cysts in ~1 hour, including all the steps of sample preparation and analysis. We evaluated the performance of this approach using flow-cytometer-enumerated Giardia-contaminated water samples, demonstrating an average cyst capture efficiency of ~79% on our filter membrane along with a machine learning based cyst counting sensitivity of ~84%, yielding a limit-of-detection of ~12 cysts per 10 mL. Providing rapid detection and quantification of microorganisms, this field-portable imaging and sensing platform running on a mobile-phone could be useful for water quality monitoring in field and resource-limited settings. PMID:25537426

Koydemir, Hatice Ceylan; Gorocs, Zoltan; Tseng, Derek; Cortazar, Bingen; Feng, Steve; Chan, Raymond Yan Lok; Burbano, Jordi; McLeod, Euan; Ozcan, Aydogan

2015-02-16

350

Human Resource Building--An Approach to Service Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Isabella Thoburn College at Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India has initiated Service Learning Program for its students through 4 issue based centers. One of the centers AIDS Awareness Center for Counseling, Education, and Training (AACCET) is in the field of HIV/AIDS. It follows 6 pronged approach to achieve its objectives and one of the…

Rajan, Sonika

2009-01-01

351

Remote sensing applications for precision agriculture: A learning community approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Farmers throughout the world are constantly searching for ways to maximize their returns. Remote Sensing, Geographic Information Systems (GIS), and Global Positioning Systems (GPS) may provide technologies needed for farmers to maximize the economic and environmental benefits of precision farming. However, most farmers do not have the skills to utilize these technologies effectively.Through a learning community approach led by the

Santhosh K Seelan; Soizik Laguette; Grant M Casady; George A Seielstad

2003-01-01

352

Approaches and Strategies in Next Generation Science Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Approaches and Strategies in Next Generation Science Learning" examines the challenges involved in the development of modern curriculum models, teaching strategies, and assessments in science education in order to prepare future students in the 21st century economies. This comprehensive collection of research brings together science educators,…

Khine, Myint Swe, Ed.; Saleh, Issa M., Ed.

2013-01-01

353

Using an Active-Learning Approach to Teach Epigenetics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Epigenetics involves heritable changes in gene expression that do not involve alterations in the DNA sequence. I developed an active-learning approach to convey this topic to students in a college genetics course. I posted a brief summary of the topic before class to stimulate exchange in cooperative groups. During class, we discussed the…

Colon-Berlingeri, Migdalisel

2010-01-01

354

The Learning Tree Montessori Child Care: An Approach to Diversity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article the author describes how she and her partners started The Learning Tree Montessori Child Care, a Montessori program with a different approach in Seattle in 1979. The author also relates that the other area Montessori schools then offered half-day programs, and as a result the children who attended were, for the most part,…

Wick, Laurie

2006-01-01

355

Evaluation Theory in Problem-Based Learning Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to review evaluation theories and techniques in both the medical and educational fields and to propose an evaluation theory to explain the condition variables, the method variables, and the outcome variables of student assessment in a problem-based learning (PBL) approach. The PBL definition and process are presented,…

Hsu, Yu-chen

356

A Machine Learning Approach for Classifying Offline Handwritten Arabic Words  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a machine learning approach for classifying handwritten Arabic word is proposed, which includes three stages including preprocessing, feature extraction and classification. Firstly, words are segmented from inputted scripts and also normalized in size. Secondly, three different feature extraction methods are applied to each segmented word namely the discrete cosine transform (DCT), moment invariants, and absolute mean value

Jawad H. Alkhateeb; Jinchang Ren; Jianmin Jiang; Stanley S. Ipson

2009-01-01

357

Teaching and Learning Cycles in a Constructivist Approach to Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study attempts to analyze and synthesize the knowledge collected in the area of conceptual models used in teaching and learning during inquiry-based projects, and to propose a new frame for organizing the classroom interactions within a constructivist approach. The IMSTRA model consists in three general phases: Immersion, Structuring,…

Singer, Florence Mihaela; Moscovici, Hedy

2008-01-01

358

Version Spaces: A Candidate Elimination Approach to Rule Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

An important research problem in artificial intelligence is the study of methods for learning general concepts or rules from a set of training instances. An approach to this problem is presented which is guaranteed to find, without backtracking, all rule versions consistent with a set of positive and negative training instances. The algorithm put forth uses a representation of the

Tom M. Mitchell

1977-01-01

359

Teacher Training Resource Handbook: Innovative Approach to Teaching and Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual provides a tool for training community-based primary school teachers with a focus on a child-centered approach. There are 34 sections: (1) "Who an Affective Teacher Is"; (2) "How Children Learn"; (3) "Schemes of Work" and "Records of Work"; (4) "The Lesson"; (5) "Lesson Plan"; (6) "Effective Methods of Teaching"; (7) "Effective…

Namathaka, Lester; Kalulu, Master; Malisawa, Andrew; Mhoni, Sophie; Kabuwe, Enock; Kasitomu, Helix; Mhura, Hastings; Namachapa, Arton

360

Evaluating Action Learning: A Critical Realist Complex Network Theory Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This largely theoretical paper will argue the case for the usefulness of applying network and complex adaptive systems theory to an understanding of action learning and the challenge it is evaluating. This approach, it will be argued, is particularly helpful in the context of improving capability in dealing with wicked problems spread around…

Burgoyne, John G.

2010-01-01

361

A Hybrid Machine Learning Approach to Information Extraction  

E-print Network

on a manually annotated small corpus of German newspaper articles about company turnover (75 documentsA Hybrid Machine Learning Approach to Information Extraction G¨unter Neumann German Research Center described in IE literature mainly for English using larger document sets than we had available for German, e

Neumann, GĂĽnter

362

Applying the Information Bottleneck Approach to SRL: Learning LPAD Parameters  

E-print Network

Applying the Information Bottleneck Approach to SRL: Learning LPAD Parameters Fabrizio Riguzzi1 and Nicola Di Mauro2 1 Dipartimento di Ingegneria, Universit`a di Ferrara - Italy, fabrizio.riguzzi to statistical relational languages. In this paper, we #12;2 Fabrizio Riguzzi and Nicola Di Mauro discuss how IB

Di Mauro, Nicola

363

Understanding the Science-Learning Environment: A Genetically Sensitive Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous studies have shown that environmental influences on school science performance increase in importance from primary to secondary school. Here we assess for the first time the relationship between the science-learning environment and science performance using a genetically sensitive approach to investigate the aetiology of this link. 3000…

Haworth, Claire M. A.; Davis, Oliver S. P.; Hanscombe, Ken B.; Kovas, Yulia; Dale, Philip S.; Plomin, Robert

2013-01-01

364

A Machine Learning Approach to Musical Style Recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of the work on perception and understanding of music by computers has focused on low-levelperceptual features such as pitch and tempo. Our work demonstrates that machine learning can beused to build effective style classifiers for interactive performance systems. We also present an analysisexplaining why these techniques work so well when hand-coded approaches have consistentlyfailed. We also describe a reliable

Roger B. Dannenberg; Belinda Thom

1997-01-01

365

The Law Review Approach: What the Humanities Can Learn  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Readers of this journal probably know how the peer review process works in the humanities disciplines and at various journals. Therefore the author explains how the law review process generally works and then what the humanities can learn and borrow from the law review process. He ends by advocating for a hybrid law review/peer review approach to…

Mendenhall, Allen

2013-01-01

366

An adaptive learning approach to music tempo and beat analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In beat tracking, a listener's experience of the tempo from a previous excerpt of a music piece is usually a good prediction of the tempo of the following excerpt in the same piece of music. A human being has this ability to adjust adaptively his or her tap to synchronize with the tempo of music. An adaptive learning approach, based

Sheng Gao; Chin-Hui Lee

2004-01-01

367

INTEGRATED MOBILE IP AND SIP APPROACH FOR ADVANCED LOCATION MANAGEMENT Q Wang and M A Abu-Rgheff  

E-print Network

INTEGRATED MOBILE IP AND SIP APPROACH FOR ADVANCED LOCATION MANAGEMENT Q Wang and M A Abu-Rgheff University of Plymouth, UK ABSTRACT The vision of ubiquitous and continuous communications for a mobile user entails several emerging mobility types, which pose new requirements for location management

Abu-Rgheff, Mosa Ali

368

When to approach novel prey cues? Social learning strategies in frog-eating bats  

PubMed Central

Animals can use different sources of information when making decisions. Foraging animals often have access to both self-acquired and socially acquired information about prey. The fringe-lipped bat, Trachops cirrhosus, hunts frogs by approaching the calls that frogs produce to attract mates. We examined how the reliability of self-acquired prey cues affects social learning of novel prey cues. We trained bats to associate an artificial acoustic cue (mobile phone ringtone) with food rewards. Bats were assigned to treatments in which the trained cue was either an unreliable indicator of reward (rewarded 50% of the presentations) or a reliable indicator (rewarded 100% of the presentations), and they were exposed to a conspecific tutor foraging on a reliable (rewarded 100%) novel cue or to the novel cue with no tutor. Bats whose trained cue was unreliable and who had a tutor were significantly more likely to preferentially approach the novel cue when compared with bats whose trained cue was reliable, and to bats that had no tutor. Reliability of self-acquired prey cues therefore affects social learning of novel prey cues by frog-eating bats. Examining when animals use social information to learn about novel prey is key to understanding the social transmission of foraging innovations. PMID:24266035

Jones, Patricia L.; Ryan, Michael J.; Flores, Victoria; Page, Rachel A.

2013-01-01

369

The Epistemological Beliefs, Learning Approaches and Study Orchestrations of University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the learning experience (learning approaches, study orchestrations and epistemological beliefs) of 388 university students. Data analysis revealed two main results. First, the different aspects of students' learning experience were related: learning approaches and epistemological beliefs (two pairs of canonical variates…

Rodriguez, Lourdes; Cano, Francisco

2006-01-01

370

A Context-Aware Mobile Learning System for Supporting Cognitive Apprenticeships in Nursing Skills Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of nursing education is to foster in students the competence of applying integrated knowledge with clinical skills to the application domains. In the traditional approach, in-class knowledge learning and clinical skills training are usually conducted separately, such that the students might not be able to integrate the knowledge and the…

Wu, Po-Han; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Su, Liang-Hao; Huang, Yueh-Min

2012-01-01

371

The Changing Nature of Volunteering and the Cross-Border Mobility: Where Does Learning Come from?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper revisits the more conventional approaches of volunteering, by looking into the experiences of young people involved in long-term cross-border volunteering in Romania. Drawing on qualitative interviews with European Voluntary Service volunteers, the paper examines how this experience is intersecting their learning trajectories. The…

Pantea, Maria-Carmen

2013-01-01

372

Vicarious learning in mobile neurally controlled agents: The VMAXSON architecture. \\Lambda  

E-print Network

where there are objects in the environment to be approached and avoided (called food, water, and poison). To survive, the agents need to eat the food, drink the water, and avoid the poison. V­MAXSON agents learn. As an agent's store of food and water goes down, its hunger and thirst rises. When the agent eats a poison

Crabbe, Frederick

373

Possibility to Use Mobile Learning to Promote World Heritage Site Preservation Awareness in Luang Prabang, Lao Pdr: a Readiness Study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper elucidates the current state of mobile technology readiness among young adults in higher education institution based on surveys and interviews. Although Lao PDR is ranked as low category in the ICT Index by International Telecommunication Union (ITU), findings show that there exists high level of readiness among the young adults. Recommendations for future research are developed to guide the development of mobile learning application with the aim to promote World Heritage Site preservation awareness.

Poong, Y. S.; Yamaguchi, S.; Takada, J.

2013-07-01

374

A Self-Regulated Learning Approach for Children with Learning/Behavior Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is designed to be an intervention model based on the concepts of Piaget's study of constructivism. The application of this approach will help children with learning/ behavioral disorders actively participate in a fuller integration of their own psychomotor, affective, and cognitive information processing skills and adaptation. The work…

Benevento, Joan A.

2004-01-01

375

Improved classification of mass spectrometry database search results using newer machine learning approaches.  

PubMed

Manual analysis of mass spectrometry data is a current bottleneck in high throughput proteomics. In particular, the need to manually validate the results of mass spectrometry database searching algorithms can be prohibitively time-consuming. Development of software tools that attempt to quantify the confidence in the assignment of a protein or peptide identity to a mass spectrum is an area of active interest. We sought to extend work in this area by investigating the potential of recent machine learning algorithms to improve the accuracy of these approaches and as a flexible framework for accommodating new data features. Specifically we demonstrated the ability of boosting and random forest approaches to improve the discrimination of true hits from false positive identifications in the results of mass spectrometry database search engines compared with thresholding and other machine learning approaches. We accommodated additional attributes obtainable from database search results, including a factor addressing proton mobility. Performance was evaluated using publically available electrospray data and a new collection of MALDI data generated from purified human reference proteins. PMID:16321970

Ulintz, Peter J; Zhu, Ji; Qin, Zhaohui S; Andrews, Philip C

2006-03-01

376

Methodological Issues in Mobile Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (mCSCL): What Methods, What to Measure and When to Measure?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to investigate (1) methods utilized in mobile computer-supported collaborative learning (mCSCL) research which focuses on studying, learning and collaboration mediated by mobile devices; (2) whether these methods have examined mCSCL effectively; (3) when the methods are administered; and (4) what methodological issues exist in…

Song, Yanjie

2014-01-01

377

A Mobile Agent Approach for Ubiquitous and Personalized eHealth Information Systems  

E-print Network

A Mobile Agent Approach for Ubiquitous and Personalized eHealth Information Systems Panagiotis, and integrated eHealth information systems for the provi- sion of adapted and personalized sustainable services of ubiquitous information systems for the provision of eHealth adap- tive and personalized services. Eventually

Grasso, Floriana

378

Heterogeneous vs Homogeneous MPSoC Approaches for a Mobile LTE Modem  

E-print Network

Heterogeneous vs Homogeneous MPSoC Approaches for a Mobile LTE Modem Camille Jalier, Didier Lattard}@lirmm.fr Abstract-- Applications like 4G baseband modem require single-chip implementation to meet the integration) platform for 4G applications. This platform is built with Smart ModEm Pro- cessors (SMEP) interconnected

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

379

International Journal of Medical Informatics (2004) 73, 631--638 Approach to mobile information and  

E-print Network

of nurses and physicians in the practice of in-patient care, we extended an ex- isting Web-based clinicalInternational Journal of Medical Informatics (2004) 73, 631--638 Approach to mobile information Evidence suggests that inadequate access to information and ineffective communication are proximal causes

Cimino, James J.

380

Self-Organization in Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks: the Approach of Terminodes  

E-print Network

Self-Organization in Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks: the Approach of Terminodes Ljubica Bla#20;zevi#19;c #3 concepts of self-organization. Routing uses a combination of geography-based information and local, MANET management uses self-organized virtual regions. Terminodes employ a form of virtual money called \

Bencsáth, Boldizsár

381

A Grey-box Approach for Automated GUI-Model Generation of Mobile Applications  

E-print Network

in the number and variety of mobile apps being developed. As of June 2012, Android's Google Play had over 600 on the running app. We also present a tool implementing this approach for the Android platform. Our empirical evaluation of this tool on several Android apps demonstrates that it can efficiently extract compact yet

Xie, Tao

382

A Problem Based Learning Approach to Analytical and Applied Chemistry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper, published by the Royal Society of Chemistry, discusses using a problem based learning approach to analytical and applied chemistry. A case study is described which is based on an investigation of a fictitious suspicious death, and which relates both to analytical chemistry and forensic science. It is designed to be flexible, so that it may be altered for different types of courses. Examples of physical, chemical and toxicological evidence are included in the document.

2011-03-24

383

A mobile agent approach to access and represent remote spatial information in LBS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The mobile computing based Location based Service (LBS) technology has been increasingly grown in the past decade; however there still exist some important constraints that complicate work with a mobile spatial information system. The limited resources in the mobile computing terminals would restrict some features that are available on the traditional computing technology. This paper will explores the use of a cooperative, distributed multi-agent systems (Java Agent Development Framework, JADE) to improve the efficiency of accessing and represent remote spatial information in mobile terminals and fixed terminal which support Java runtime environment (JRE), because that JADE system has following features: distributed agent platform, graphical user interface to manage several agents and agent containers form remote host, supporting to execution of multiple, parallel and concurrent agent activities via behavior model, FIPA-compliant platform including AMS (Agent Management System), DF (Directory Facilitator) and ACC (Agent Communication Channel), Efficient transport of ACL messages inside same agent system, library of FIPA interaction protocols ready to be used, FIPA-compliant naming service and supporting for application-defined content languages and ontology. An agile and flexible agent based approach for accessing and representing remote spatial information is proposed in this paper, mobile agent system architecture in LBS is presented, and a prototype system is given to shown that JADE makes this approach feasible and effective.

Fang, Zhixiang; Li, Qingquan; Luo, Zhi; Geng, Xuexian

2005-10-01

384

Human movement activity classification approaches that use wearable sensors and mobile devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cell phones and other mobile devices become part of human culture and change activity and lifestyle patterns. Mobile phone technology continuously evolves and incorporates more and more sensors for enabling advanced applications. Latest generations of smart phones incorporate GPS and WLAN location finding modules, vision cameras, microphones, accelerometers, temperature sensors etc. The availability of these sensors in mass-market communication devices creates exciting new opportunities for data mining applications. Particularly healthcare applications exploiting build-in sensors are very promising. This paper reviews different approaches of human activity recognition.

Kaghyan, Sahak; Sarukhanyan, Hakob; Akopian, David

2013-03-01

385

Participant Approaches to and Reflections on Learning to Play a 12-Bar Blues in an Asynchronous E-Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the viability of learning to play an improvised 12-bar blues on keyboard with both hands together in an asynchronous e-learning environment. The study also sought to reveal participant approaches to and reflections on this learning experience. Participants were video-taped as they engaged with six "Blues Activities",…

Seddon, Frederick; Biasutti, Michele

2009-01-01

386

Student Experiences of Problem-Based Learning in Pharmacy: Conceptions of Learning, Approaches to Learning and the Integration of Face-to-Face and On-Line Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates fourth-year pharmacy students' experiences of problem-based learning (PBL). It adopts a phenomenographic approach to the evaluation of problem-based learning, to shed light on the ways in which different groups of students conceive of, and approach, PBL. The study focuses on the way students approach solving problem…

Ellis, Robert A.; Goodyear, Peter; Brillant, Martha; Prosser, Michael

2008-01-01

387

Examining Mobile Learning Trends 2003-2008: A Categorical Meta-Trend Analysis Using Text Mining Techniques  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the longitudinal trends of academic articles in Mobile Learning (ML) using text mining techniques. One hundred and nineteen (119) refereed journal articles and proceedings papers from the SCI/SSCI database were retrieved and analyzed. The taxonomies of ML publications were grouped into twelve clusters (topics) and four…

Hung, Jui-Long; Zhang, Ke

2012-01-01

388

Forensic Triage for Mobile Phones with DEC0DE Robert J. Walls Erik Learned-Miller Brian Neil Levine  

E-print Network

Forensic Triage for Mobile Phones with DEC0DE Robert J. Walls Erik Learned-Miller Brian Neil Levine We present DEC0DE, a system for recovering information from phones with unknown storage formats, a critical problem for forensic triage. Because phones have myr- iad custom hardware and software, we examine

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

389

A Framework for Learning about Big Data with Mobile Technologies for Democratic Participation: Possibilities, Limitations, and Unanticipated Obstacles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As Big Data becomes increasingly important in policy-making, research, marketing, and commercial applications, we argue that literacy in this domain is critical for engaged democratic participation and that peer-generated data from mobile technologies offer rich possibilities for students to learn about this new genre of data. Through the lens of…

Philip, Thomas M.; Schuler-Brown, Sarah; Way, Winmar

2013-01-01

390

The Perception of Teachers toward the Use of Mobile Technology as a Tool to Engage Students in Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to gauge the perception of teachers on the use of mobile technology, specifically cell phones, as an instructional tool to engage students in learning. Cell phones are the most ubiquitous piece of technology in the world. Their multiple functions can put the most up-to-date information at the fingertips of the user.…

Goad, Kathryn Dawn

2012-01-01

391

IGR Report Guido Bugmann -Project: GR/M90023/01 Instruction-Based Learning for Mobile Robots (IBL)  

E-print Network

transmitter were mounted. The control system of the robot was redesigned around a triple PID circuit, as very1 IGR ­ Report ­ Guido Bugmann - Project: GR/M90023/01 Instruction-Based Learning for Mobile Robots the possibility for naïve human users of an assistant robot to instruct the robot on how to perform a given task

Bugmann, Guido

392

An Interactive E-Learning Tutorial for Medical Students on How to Conduct the Performance-Oriented Mobility Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We evaluated the effectiveness of an e-learning tutorial (iPOMA) as a supplement to traditional teaching of the Performance-Oriented Mobility Assessment. Second-year medical students (137) completed the iPOMA, in preparation for a session on fall risk assessment consisting of a lecture, practice with elder volunteers and small group debriefing.…

Ruiz, Jorge G.; Smith, Michael; Rodriguez, Osvaldo; Van Zuilen, Maria H.; Mintzer, Michael J.

2007-01-01

393

A Federal Higher Education iPad Mobile Learning Initiative: Triangulation of Data to Determine Early Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents faculty perceptions of the first month of iPad deployment in a national college system and a case study describing the integration of mobile learning devices in one college, interpreted within the framework of a SWOT analysis. We include a brief history of the implementation; description of the three-tier structure of…

Hargis, Jace; Cavanaugh, Cathy; Kamali, Tayeb; Soto, Melissa

2014-01-01

394

SyRoTek--Distance Teaching of Mobile Robotics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

E-learning is a modern and effective approach for training in various areas and at different levels of education. This paper gives an overview of SyRoTek, an e-learning platform for mobile robotics, artificial intelligence, control engineering, and related domains. SyRoTek provides remote access to a set of fully autonomous mobile robots placed in…

Kulich, M.; Chudoba, J.; Kosnar, K.; Krajnik, T.; Faigl, J.; Preucil, L.

2013-01-01

395

Multi-faceted Approach to Improve Learning in Pharmacokinetics  

PubMed Central

Objectives To integrate a series of educational strategies ranging from content delivery to assessment, including a change in philosophy regarding the use of in-class time, to enhance learning of pharmacokinetics. Methods Several approaches were taken to develop a significant learning experience in the basic and clinical pharmacokinetics courses including games, a piloted multimedia module to offset content delivery and free-up class time, reflective writing, and an immediate feedback assessment. Games, a multimedia module, reflective writing assignments, and other innovative learning tools were incorporated into pharmacokinetics courses, as well as an assessment tool to provide immediate feedback. Results Median examination scores did not improve following the incorporation of the teaching innovations; however, based on survey results, student satisfaction increased. Conclusions Already high median examination scores (>90% from historical controls) did not improve; however, the effectiveness of the innovations implemented, which included deep learning and critical thinking and communication skills, may be more accurately measured over the long term, eg, in performance in advanced pharmacy practice experiences. PMID:18483602

2008-01-01

396

Ion-Molecule Clustering in Differential Mobility Spectrometry: Lessons Learned from Tetraalkylammonium Cations and their Isomers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Differential mobility spectrometry (DMS) can distinguish ions based upon the differences in their high- and low-field ion mobilities as they experience the asymmetric waveform applied to the DMS cell. These mobilities are known to be influenced by the ions' structure, m/z, and charge distribution (i.e., resonance structures) within the ions themselves, as well as by the gas-phase environment of the DMS cell. While these associations have been developed over time through empirical observations, the exact role of ion structures or their interactions with clustering molecules remains generally unknown. In this study, that relationship is explored by observing the DMS behaviors of a series of tetraalkylammonium ions as a function of their structures and the gas-phase environment of the DMS cell. To support the DMS experiments, the basin-hopping search strategy was employed to identify candidate cluster structures for density functional theory treatment. More than a million cluster structures distributed across 72 different ion-molecule cluster systems were sampled to determine global minimum structures and cluster binding energies. This joint computational and experimental approach suggests that cluster geometry, in particular ion-molecule intermolecular separation, plays a critical role in DMS.

Campbell, J. Larry; Zhu, Mabel; Hopkins, W. Scott

2014-09-01

397

JiFUNzeni: A Blended Learning Approach for Sustainable Teachers' Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

JiFUNzeni blended learning approach is a sustainable approach to provision of professional development (PD) for those in challenging educational contexts. JiFUNzeni approach emphasizes training regional experts to create blended learning content, working with appropriate technology while building content repositories. JiFUNzeni approach was…

Onguko, Brown Bully

2014-01-01

398

Learning the Task Management Space of an Aircraft Approach Model  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Validating models of airspace operations is a particular challenge. These models are often aimed at finding and exploring safety violations, and aim to be accurate representations of real-world behavior. However, the rules governing the behavior are quite complex: nonlinear physics, operational modes, human behavior, and stochastic environmental concerns all determine the responses of the system. In this paper, we present a study on aircraft runway approaches as modeled in Georgia Tech's Work Models that Compute (WMC) simulation. We use a new learner, Genetic-Active Learning for Search-Based Software Engineering (GALE) to discover the Pareto frontiers defined by cognitive structures. These cognitive structures organize the prioritization and assignment of tasks of each pilot during approaches. We discuss the benefits of our approach, and also discuss future work necessary to enable uncertainty quantification.

Krall, Joseph; Menzies, Tim; Davies, Misty

2014-01-01

399

Motion Planning for Car-like Robots using a Probabilistic Learning Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper a recently developed learning approach for robot motionplanning is extended and applied to two types of car-like robots: normalones and robots which can only move forwards. In this learning approachthe motion planning process is split into two phases: the learning phaseand the query phase. In the learning phase a probabilistic roadmap is incrementallyconstructed in configuration space. This

Petr Svestka; Mark H. Overmars

1995-01-01

400

Organisational learning approaches to school leadership and management: teachers' values and perceptions of practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we report results of a survey of 1,397 teachers in 26 primary and 17 secondary schools in England as part of the Learning How to Learn project. We consider how school self-evaluation can be understood within an organisational learning frame. Factor analysis of teachers' responses helped us identify 4 dimensions of organisational learning approaches to school leadership

David Pedder; John MacBeath

2008-01-01

401

An Exploration of the Relationship between Academic and Experiential Learning Approaches in Vocational Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Research on individual learning approaches (or learning styles) is split in two traditions, one of which is biased towards academic learning, and the other towards learning from direct experience. Aims: In the reported study, the two traditions are linked by investigating the relationships between school-based (academic) and work-based…

Stavenga de Jong, Jan A.; Wierstra, Ronny F. A.; Hermanussen, Jose

2006-01-01

402

Using a Machine Learning Approach To Support an Intelligent Cooperative Multi-Agent System  

E-print Network

Using a Machine Learning Approach To Support an Intelligent Cooperative Multi-Agent System Mohammed, kaltenba}@iro.umontreal.ca Abstract In this paper, we describe a machine learning approach, ID3 Decision Tree Induction Algorithm, to analyzing and predicting learning style of learners on-line. Our goal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

403

A Comparison of the Learning Approaches of Accounting and Science Students at an Irish University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the major challenges facing accounting education is the creation of a learning environment that promotes high-quality learning. Comparative research across disciplines offers educators the opportunity to gain a better understanding of the influence of contextual and personal variables on students' learning approaches. Using the Approaches

Byrne, Marann; Finlayson, Odilla; Flood, Barbara; Lyons, Orla; Willis, Pauline

2010-01-01

404

Analysis of cytokine release assay data using machine learning approaches.  

PubMed

The possible onset of Cytokine Release Syndrome (CRS) is an important consideration in the development of monoclonal antibody (mAb) therapeutics. In this study, several machine learning approaches are used to analyze CRS data. The analyzed data come from a human blood in vitro assay which was used to assess the potential of mAb-based therapeutics to produce cytokine release similar to that induced by Anti-CD28 superagonistic (Anti-CD28 SA) mAbs. The data contain 7 mAbs and two negative controls, a total of 423 samples coming from 44 donors. Three (3) machine learning approaches were applied in combination to observations obtained from that assay, namely (i) Hierarchical Cluster Analysis (HCA); (ii) Principal Component Analysis (PCA) followed by K-means clustering; and (iii) Decision Tree Classification (DTC). All three approaches were able to identify the treatment that caused the most severe cytokine response. HCA was able to provide information about the expected number of clusters in the data. PCA coupled with K-means clustering allowed classification of treatments sample by sample, and visualizing clusters of treatments. DTC models showed the relative importance of various cytokines such as IFN-?, TNF-? and IL-10 to CRS. The use of these approaches in tandem provides better selection of parameters for one method based on outcomes from another, and an overall improved analysis of the data through complementary approaches. Moreover, the DTC analysis showed in addition that IL-17 may be correlated with CRS reactions, although this correlation has not yet been corroborated in the literature. PMID:25107440

Xiong, Feiyu; Janko, Marco; Walker, Mindi; Makropoulos, Dorie; Weinstock, Daniel; Kam, Moshe; Hrebien, Leonid

2014-10-01

405

Mobile Schools for a Mobile World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Overwhelmingly, independent schools are embracing mobile devices--laptops, iPads or other tablets, and smartphones--to enhance teaching and learning. This article describes the results of the "NAIS 2012 Mobile Learning Survey." Among its findings were that 75 percent of NAIS-member schools currently use mobile learning devices in at…

Booth, Susan

2013-01-01

406

Automated Classification of Human Histological Images, A Multiple-Instance Learning Approach  

E-print Network

Automated Classification of Human Histological Images, A Multiple-Instance Learning Approach Dehua (Multiple-Instance Learning via Embedded instance Selection), to human histological image classification. I. INTRODUCTION Histology is the science of understanding the structure of animals and plants

Chen, Yixin

407

Translational Approach to Behavioral Learning: Lessons from Cerebellar Plasticity  

PubMed Central

The role of cerebellar plasticity has been increasingly recognized in learning. The privileged relationship between the cerebellum and the inferior olive offers an ideal circuit for attempting to integrate the numerous evidences of neuronal plasticity into a translational perspective. The high learning capacity of the Purkinje cells specifically controlled by the climbing fiber represents a major element within the feed-forward and feedback loops of the cerebellar cortex. Reciprocally connected with the basal ganglia and multimodal cerebral domains, this cerebellar network may realize fundamental functions in a wide range of behaviors. This review will outline the current understanding of three main experimental paradigms largely used for revealing cerebellar functions in behavioral learning: (1) the vestibuloocular reflex and smooth pursuit control, (2) the eyeblink conditioning, and (3) the sensory envelope plasticity. For each of these experimental conditions, we have critically revisited the chain of causalities linking together neural circuits, neural signals, and plasticity mechanisms, giving preference to behaving or alert animal physiology. Namely, recent experimental approaches mixing neural units and local field potentials recordings have demonstrated a spike timing dependent plasticity by which the cerebellum remains at a strategic crossroad for deciphering fundamental and translational mechanisms from cellular to network levels. PMID:24319600

Cheron, Guy; Dan, Bernard; Márquez-Ruiz, Javier

2013-01-01

408

Electronic Reading and Digital Library Technologies: Understanding Learner Expectation and Usage Intent for Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile information technology is changing the education landscape by offering learners the opportunity to engage in asynchronous, ubiquitous instruction. While there is a proliferation of mobile content management systems being developed for the mobile Web and stand-alone mobile applications, few studies have addressed learner expectations and…

Hyman, Jack A.; Moser, Mary T.; Segala, Laura N.

2014-01-01

409

Finding accurate frontiers: A knowledge-intensive approach to relational learning  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An approach to analytic learning is described that searches for accurate entailments of a Horn Clause domain theory. A hill-climbing search, guided by an information based evaluation function, is performed by applying a set of operators that derive frontiers from domain theories. The analytic learning system is one component of a multi-strategy relational learning system. We compare the accuracy of concepts learned with this analytic strategy to concepts learned with an analytic strategy that operationalizes the domain theory.

Pazzani, Michael; Brunk, Clifford

1994-01-01

410

The direct and indirect effect of motivation for learning on students' approaches to learning through the perceptions of workload and task complexity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study investigates the direct and indirect influence of motivation for learning, as understood by the self?determination theory, on students' approaches to learning. Concerning the direct influence of motivation, results show that autonomous motivation is positively related to a deep approach to learning and negatively to a surface approach. Motivation also has an indirect effect on students' approaches to

Eva Kyndt; Filip Dochy; Katrien Struyven; Eduardo Cascallar

2011-01-01

411

Machine Learning Approaches: From Theory to Application in Schizophrenia  

PubMed Central

In recent years, machine learning approaches have been successfully applied for analysis of neuroimaging data, to help in the context of disease diagnosis. We provide, in this paper, an overview of recent support vector machine-based methods developed and applied in psychiatric neuroimaging for the investigation of schizophrenia. In particular, we focus on the algorithms implemented by our group, which have been applied to classify subjects affected by schizophrenia and healthy controls, comparing them in terms of accuracy results with other recently published studies. First we give a description of the basic terminology used in pattern recognition and machine learning. Then we separately summarize and explain each study, highlighting the main features that characterize each method. Finally, as an outcome of the comparison of the results obtained applying the described different techniques, conclusions are drawn in order to understand how much automatic classification approaches can be considered a useful tool in understanding the biological underpinnings of schizophrenia. We then conclude by discussing the main implications achievable by the application of these methods into clinical practice. PMID:24489603

Veronese, Elisa; Castellani, Umberto; Peruzzo, Denis; Bellani, Marcella; Brambilla, Paolo

2013-01-01

412

An approach towards problem-based learning in virtual space  

PubMed Central

Problem-based learning (PBL) is an established and efficient approach to sustainable teaching. Here, we describe translation of PBL into the virtual classroom thereby offering novel teaching aspects in the field of Nuclear Medicine. Our teaching approach is implemented on a "moodle" platform and consists of 2 modules: complementary seminar teaching materials and a virtual PBL-classroom, which can be attended via Skype. Over the course of 4 semesters 539 students have accessed our teaching platform. 21 students have participated in the PBL seminar (module 2). After resolving some minor technical difficulties our virtual seminars have evolved into a forum of intense studies, whereby the participating students have learned to become more independent along the workup of the teaching cases. This was reflected in the results of the intra-group presentations and discussions. Quantitative and qualitative evaluation of our moodle-based PBL platform indicates an increasing level of acceptance and enthusiasm by the students. This has initiated discussions about opening our PBL concept to a wider audience within the university and beyond the Nuclear Medicine specialty. PMID:21818218

Freudenberg, Lutz S.; Bockisch, Andreas; Beyer, Thomas

2010-01-01

413

Helium mobility in SON68 borosilicate nuclear glass: A nuclear reaction analysis approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 3He behavior in the non active R7T7 type borosilicate glass called SON68 has been investigated using the implantation method to introduce helium in the material. Nuclear Reaction Analysis (NRA) was performed to follow the helium concentration depth profile evolution as a function of annealing time and temperature. In addition, in situ Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) has been implemented to study the formation of helium bubbles during both implantation and annealing processes. Numerical modeling with two different approaches is proposed and discussed to investigate the helium mobility mechanisms. Our study reveals for helium incorporation by implantation at low temperature the presence of several helium populations with disparate diffusivities. The most mobile helium fraction would be attributed to atomic diffusion. The corresponding activation energy value (0.61 eV) extracted from Arrhenius graphs is in good agreement with literature data. The results also highlight that the damages associated to helium sursaturation are the source of small helium clusters formation, with a reduced mobility instead of the atomic mobility measured by the infusion technique. Small cavities that support this assumption have been observed by TEM at low temperature.

Bčs, R.; Sauvage, T.; Peuget, S.; Haussy, J.; Chamssedine, F.; Oliviero, E.; Fares, T.; Vincent, L.

2013-11-01

414

Applying quantified self approaches to support reflective learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a framework for technical support of reflective learning, derived from a unification of reflective learning theory with a conceptual framework of Quantified Self tools -- tools for collecting personally relevant information for gaining self-knowledge. Reflective learning means returning to and evaluating past experiences in order to promote continuous learning and improve future experiences. Whilst the reflective learning

Verónica Rivera-Pelayo; Valentin Zacharias; Simone Braun

2012-01-01

415

Approaches to Studying and Students' Use of a Computer Supported Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although studies of students' study approaches in face to face learning environments are commonplace, studies investigating the role of students' study approaches in online learning environments is currently a less explored area. This paper presents the findings of a survey aimed at investigating the relationship between students' approaches to…

Foster, Jonathan; Lin, Angela

2007-01-01

416

Approach for Mitigating Pressure Garment Design Risks in a Mobile Lunar Surface Systems Architecture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The stated goals of the 2004 Vision for Space Exploration focus on establishing a human presence throughout the solar system beginning with the establishment of a permanent human presence on the Moon. However, the precise objectives to be accomplished on the lunar surface and the optimal system architecture to achieve those objectives have been a topic of much debate since the inception of the Constellation Program. There are two basic styles of system architectures being traded at the Programmatic level: a traditional large outpost that would focus on techniques for survival off our home planet and a greater depth of exploration within one area, or a mobile approach- akin to a series of nomadic camps- that would allow greater breadth of exploration opportunities. The traditional outpost philosophy is well within the understood pressure garment design space with respect to developing interfaces and operational life cycle models. The mobile outpost, however, combines many unknowns with respect to pressure garment performance and reliability that could dramatically affect the cost and schedule risks associated with the Constellation space suit system. This paper provides an overview of the concepts being traded for a mobile architecture from the operations and hardware implementation perspective, describes the primary risks to the Constellation pressure garment associated with each of the concepts, and summarizes the approach necessary to quantify the pressure garment design risks to enable the Constellation Program to make informed decisions when deciding on an overall lunar surface systems architecture.

Aitchison, Lindsay

2009-01-01

417

Inductive Learning Approaches for Improving Pilot Awareness of Aircraft Faults  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Neural network flight controllers are able to accommodate a variety of aircraft control surface faults without detectable degradation of aircraft handling qualities. Under some faults, however, the effective flight envelope is reduced; this can lead to unexpected behavior if a pilot performs an action that exceeds the remaining control authority of the damaged aircraft. The goal of our work is to increase the pilot s situational awareness by informing him of the type of damage and resulting reduction in flight envelope. Our methodology integrates two inductive learning systems with novel visualization techniques. One learning system, the Inductive Monitoring System (IMS), learns to detect when a simulation includes faulty controls, while two others, Inductive Classification System (INCLASS) and multiple binary decision tree system (utilizing C4.5), determine the type of fault. In off-line training using only non-failure data, IMS constructs a characterization of nominal flight control performance based on control signals issued by the neural net flight controller. This characterization can be used to determine the degree of control augmentation required in the pitch, roll, and yaw command channels to counteract control surface failures. This derived information is typically sufficient to distinguish between the various control surface failures and is used to train both INCLASS and C4.5. Using data from failed control surface flight simulations, INCLASS and C4.5 independently discover and amplify features in IMS results that can be used to differentiate each distinct control surface failure situation. In real-time flight simulations, distinguishing features learned during training are used to classify control surface failures. Knowledge about the type of failure can be used by an additional automated system to alter its approach for planning tactical and strategic maneuvers. The knowledge can also be used directly to increase the pilot s situational awareness and inform manual maneuver decisions. Our multi-modal display of this information provides speech output to issue control surface failure warnings to a lesser-used communication channel and provides graphical displays with pilot-selectable !eve!s of details to issues additional information about the failure. We also describe a potential presentation for flight envelope reduction that can be viewed separately or integrated with an existing attitude indicator instrument. Preliminary results suggest that the inductive approach is capable of detecting that a control surface has failed and determining the type of fault. Furthermore, preliminary evaluations suggest that the interface discloses a concise summary of this information to the pilot.

Spikovska, Lilly; Iverson, David L.; Poll, Scott; Pryor, anna

2005-01-01

418

Evaluation of mobile learning: Students' experiences in a new rural-based medical school  

PubMed Central

Background Mobile learning (ML) is an emerging educational method with success dependent on many factors including the ML device, physical infrastructure and user characteristics. At Gippsland Medical School (GMS), students are given a laptop at the commencement of their four-year degree. We evaluated the educational impact of the ML program from students' perspectives. Methods Questionnaires and individual interviews explored students' experiences of ML. All students were invited to complete questionnaires. Convenience sampling was used for interviews. Quantitative data was entered to SPSS 17.0 and descriptive statistics computed. Free text comments from questionnaires and transcriptions of interviews were thematically analysed. Results Fifty students completed the questionnaire (response rate 88%). Six students participated in interviews. More than half the students owned a laptop prior to commencing studies, would recommend the laptop and took the laptop to GMS daily. Modal daily use of laptops was four hours. Most frequent use was for access to the internet and email while the most frequently used applications were Microsoft Word and PowerPoint. Students appreciated the laptops for several reasons. The reduced financial burden was valued. Students were largely satisfied with the laptop specifications. Design elements of teaching spaces limited functionality. Although students valued aspects of the virtual learning environment (VLE), they also made many suggestions for improvement. Conclusions Students reported many educational benefits from school provision of laptops. In particular, the quick and easy access to electronic educational resources as and when they were needed. Improved design of physical facilities would enhance laptop use together with a more logical layout of the VLE, new computer-based resources and activities promoting interaction. PMID:20701752

2010-01-01

419

Transmesocolic Approach for Left Side Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty: Comparison with Laterocolic Approach in the Initial Learning Period  

PubMed Central

Purpose To evaluate the outcome of transmesocolic (TMC) laparoscopic pyeloplasty compared with conventional laterocolic procedure for surgeons with limited experience. Materials and Methods We started laparoscopic pyeloplasty for ureteropelvic junction obstruction in 2009. Since then, 21 patients of left side disease have undergone this surgery in our institution. To access the left ureteropelvic junction, we used the conventional laterocolic approach in 9 patients, while the transmesocolic approach was used in the remaining 12 patients, and perioperative results and follow-up data were then compared. Results The mean operative time using the transmesocolic approach was significantly shorter than the conventional laterocolic approach (242 vs. 308 min, p=0.022). Furthermore, there was no complication or open conversion. Postoperative pain was significantly decreased in the TMC group (2.8 vs. 4.0 points, measured using the visual analogue scale on the first postoperative day, p=0.009). Postoperative complications were encountered in two patients. All patients were symptom-free after 1 year of follow-up, and radiologic success rates for each group were 92 and 89%, respectively. Conclusion Direct exposure of the ureteropelvic junction via the mesocolon saves time during the colon mobilization procedure. The approach is safe and feasible even for surgeons with limited experience, and has success rates similar to those of the conventional laterocolic approach. PMID:23225819

Han, Hyun Ho; Ham, Won Sik; Kim, Jang Hwan; Choi, Young Deuk; Han, Sang Won; Chung, Byung Ha

2013-01-01

420

Constructive and problem-based learning using blended learning anchored instruction approaches  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on an anchored instruction approach, an enriched blended learning lecture course ("Introduction into GNSS positioning") was established in order to enable constructive and problem-based learning. The lecture course "Introduction into GNSS positioning" is a compulsory part of the Bachelor study course "Geodesy and Geoinformatics" and also a supplementary module of the Bachelor study course "Geophysics". Within the lecture course, basic knowledge and basic principles of Global Navigation Satellite Systems, like GPS, are imparted. The presented higher education technique "anchored instruction" uses a real and up-to-date and therefore authentic scientific paper dealing with a recent large-scale geodetic project (Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link) in order to introduce the topic of GNSS-based positioning to the students. In the beginning of the semester, the students have to read the paper individually and carefully. This enables them to realize a lot of not-known GNSS-related facts. Therefore, questions can be formulated focusing on new, unclear or not-understood aspects of the paper. The lecture course deals with these questions, in order to answer them throughout the semester. During the lecture course this paper is referred, e.g., in the middle of the semester, the paper has to be read again in order to check which questions have been answered; in addition, new question arise. At the end of the lecture course, the author of the scientific paper gave a concluding lecture. The framing anchor technique enables the students to anchor their GNSS knowledge. The presented case study uses a teaching resp. learning setting consisting of classroom lectures (given by teachers and learners), practical trainings (e.g., field exercises, students select topics individually), and online lectures (learning management system ILIAS is used as data, result, and asynchronous communication platform). The implementation and the elements of the anchoring technique, which enables student-centered, cooperative, and individual learning, are going to be discussed in detail. A special focus of the presentation is on work assignments, time schedule, and work load. The anchor technique is applied within a blended learning teaching concept, therefore the role of the learning management system ILIAS will be treated as well.

Mayer, M.

2012-04-01

421

Effect of Active Learning Techniques on Students' Choice of Approach to Learning in Dentistry: A South African Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to report on empirical work, related to a techniques module, undertaken with the dental students of the University of the Western Cape, South Africa. I will relate how a range of different active learning techniques (tutorials; question papers and mock tests) assisted students to adopt a deep approach to learning in…

Khan, S.

2011-01-01

422

A machine learning approach to crater detection from topographic data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Craters are distinctive features on the surfaces of most terrestrial planets. Craters reveal the relative ages of surface units and provide information on surface geology. Extracting craters is one of the fundamental tasks in planetary research. Although many automated crater detection algorithms have been developed to exact craters from image or topographic data, most of them are applicable only in particular regions, and only a few can be widely used, especially in complex surface settings. In this study, we present a machine learning approach to crater detection from topographic data. This approach includes two steps: detecting square regions which contain one crater with the use of a boosting algorithm and delineating the rims of the crater in each square region by local terrain analysis and circular Hough transform. A new variant of Haar-like features (scaled Haar-like features) is proposed and combined with traditional Haar-like features and local binary pattern features to enhance the performance of the classifier. Experimental results with the use of Mars topographic data demonstrate that the developed approach can significantly decrease the false positive detection rate while maintaining a relatively high true positive detection rate even in challenging sites.

Di, Kaichang; Li, Wei; Yue, Zongyu; Sun, Yiwei; Liu, Yiliang

2014-12-01

423

Drug repositioning: a machine-learning approach through data integration  

PubMed Central

Existing computational methods for drug repositioning either rely only on the gene expression response of cell lines after treatment, or on drug-to-disease relationships, merging several information levels. However, the noisy nature of the gene expression and the scarcity of genomic data for many diseases are important limitations to such approaches. Here we focused on a drug-centered approach by predicting the therapeutic class of FDA-approved compounds, not considering data concerning the diseases. We propose a novel computational approach to predict drug repositioning based on state-of-the-art machine-learning algorithms. We have integrated multiple layers of information: i) on the distances of the drugs based on how similar are their chemical structures, ii) on how close are their targets within the protein-protein interaction network, and iii) on how correlated are the gene expression patterns after treatment. Our classifier reaches high accuracy levels (78%), allowing us to re-interpret the top misclassifications as re-classifications, after rigorous statistical evaluation. Efficient drug repurposing has the potential to significantly impact the whole field of drug development. The results presented here can significantly accelerate the translation into the clinics of known compounds for novel therapeutic uses. PMID:23800010

2013-01-01

424

Efficient design of meganucleases using a machine learning approach  

PubMed Central

Background Meganucleases are important tools for genome engineering, providing an efficient way to generate DNA double-strand breaks at specific loci of interest. Numerous experimental efforts, ranging from in vivo selection to in silico modeling, have been made to re-engineer meganucleases to target relevant DNA sequences. Results Here we present a novel in silico method for designing custom meganucleases that is based on the use of a machine learning approach. We compared it with existing in silico physical models and high-throughput experimental screening. The machine learning model was used to successfully predict active meganucleases for 53 new DNA targets. Conclusions This new method shows competitive performance compared with state-of-the-art in silico physical models, with up to a fourfold increase in terms of the design success rate. Compared to experimental high-throughput screening methods, it reduces the number of screening experiments needed by a factor of more than 100 without affecting final performance. PMID:24934562

2014-01-01

425

Machine-learning approach to holographic particle characterization Aaron Yevick, Mark Hannel and David G. Grier  

E-print Network

Machine-learning approach to holographic particle characterization Aaron Yevick, Mark Hannel is computationally intensive, and thus slow. Here, we demonstrate that machine-learning techniques based on support WITH MACHINE LEARNING The in-line holographic microscope used for these stud- ies [2, 4, 10] illuminates

Grier, David

426

Identifying English Language Learners with Learning Disabilities: Key Challenges and Possible Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for effective approaches for identifying English language learners with learning disabilities is great and growing. Meeting this need is complicated by recent developments in the field of learning disabilities that are unrelated to the English language learning status, and by limitations in existing knowledge specific to the…

Wagner, Richard K.; Francis, David J.; Morris, Robin D.

2005-01-01

427

An Evaluation of Learning Objects in Singapore Primary Education: A Case Study Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the usability and interface design of e-learning portal developed for primary schools in Singapore. Design/methodology/approach: Using Singapore-based learning EDvantage (LEAD) portal as a case study, this paper reviews and analyses the usability and usefulness of embedded learning objects (LOs)…

Grace, Tay Pei Lyn; Suan, Ng Peck; Wanzhen, Liaw

2008-01-01

428

A Grid Approach to Provide Effective Awareness to On-line Collaborative Learning Teams  

E-print Network

-line collaborative learning teams is a challenging issue since it is essential to keep participants informed of both the collaborative learning process more objectively and to model students' behavior more efficiently. In orderA Grid Approach to Provide Effective Awareness to On-line Collaborative Learning Teams S. Caballé

Boyer, Edmond

429

The Promise of a Community-Based, Participatory Approach to Service-Learning in Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on how one teacher education program utilized a Learn and Serve America grant to embed service-learning experiences into its practices. Included are narrative reflections on how the program faculty developed a community-based, participatory approach to service-learning in order to act as a responsive partner to the needs of…

Tinkler, Alan; Tinkler, Barri; Gerstl-Pepin, Cynthia; Mugisha, Vincent M.

2014-01-01

430

Studying in Higher Education: Students' Approaches to Learning, Self-Regulation, and Cognitive Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors looked at aspects of successful and problematic studying in terms of three different research traditions: students' approaches to learning, self-regulated learning and cognitive strategies. These frameworks have been widely applied when explaining university student learning. However, relations among different traditions have not been…

Heikkila, Annamari; Lonka, Kirsti

2006-01-01

431

A Cognitive Load Approach to Collaborative Learning: United Brains for Complex Tasks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a review of research comparing the effectiveness of individual learning environments with collaborative learning environments. In reviewing the literature, it was determined that there is no clear and unequivocal picture of how, when, and why the effectiveness of these two approaches to learning differ, a result which may be…

Kirschner, Femke; Paas, Fred; Kirschner, Paul A.

2009-01-01

432

Inquiry Based And Problem Based Learning: How Similar are these Approaches to Nursing and Medical Education?  

Microsoft Academic Search

?? Inquiry based learning is evolving as another curriculum model which may help to revitalize nursing and other professions education programs in the same way that problem based learning has rejuvenated medical education in the last 25 years. This paper briefly outlines both PBL and IBL approaches, and compares their philosophies, methods and context. Inquiry based learning may be more

Grahame Feletti

1993-01-01

433

Effect of Inquiry-Based Learning Approach on Student Resistance in a Science and Technology Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to identify the resistance behaviors of 7th grade students exhibited during their Science and Technology course teaching-learning processes, and to remove the identified resistance behaviors through teaching-learning processes that were constructed based on the inquiry-based learning approach. In the quasi-experimentally…

Sever, Demet; Guven, Meral

2014-01-01

434

Learner-Centred Pedagogy for Swim Coaching: A Complex Learning Theory-Informed Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While constructivist theories of learning have been widely drawn on to understand and explain learning in games when using game-based approaches their use to inform pedagogy beyond games is limited. In particular, there has been little interest in applying constructivist perspectives on learning to sports in which technique is of prime importance.…

Light, Richard

2014-01-01

435

Learning in the Liminal Space: A Semiotic Approach to Threshold Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The threshold concepts approach to student learning and curriculum design now informs an empirical research base comprising over 170 disciplinary and professional contexts. It draws extensively on the notion of troublesomeness in a "liminal" space of learning. The latter is a transformative state in the process of learning in which there…

Land, Ray; Rattray, Julie; Vivian, Peter

2014-01-01

436

A Distributional Approach to Evaluating Ontology Learning Methods Using a Gold Standard  

E-print Network

A Distributional Approach to Evaluating Ontology Learning Methods Using a Gold Standard Elias for the evaluation of learned ontologies against gold standards. The proposed method transforms the ontology concepts interval of [0, 1] as learned ontologies deviate increasingly from the gold standard. The proposed method

Paliouras, George

437

The Effectiveness of Using a Student Response System on Baccalaureate Nursing Student Dominant Learning Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professional nurses are challenged to provide high quality, evidence-based care in today's increasingly complex healthcare environment. Thus, nurses need to develop an appreciation for life-long learning. Understanding student approach to learning may provide nurse educators with empirical evidence to support specific teaching/learning

Rebeschi, Lisa M.

2013-01-01

438

Learning from imbalanced data sets with boosting and data generation: the DataBoost-IM approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning from imbalanced data sets, where the number of examples of one (majority) class is much higher than the others, presents an important challenge to the machine learning community. Traditional machine learning algorithms may be biased towards the majority class, thus producing poor predictive accuracy over the minority class. In this paper, we describe a new approach that combines boosting,

Hongyu Guo; Herna L. Viktor

2004-01-01

439

Holistic Approach to Learning and Teaching Introductory Object-Oriented Programming  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a holistic approach to designing an introductory, object-oriented programming course. The design is grounded in constructivism and pedagogy of phenomenography. We use constructive alignment as the framework to align assessments, learning, and teaching with planned learning outcomes. We plan learning and teaching activities,…

Thota, Neena; Whitfield, Richard

2010-01-01

440

1:1 Mobile Inquiry Learning Experience for Primary Science Students--A Study of Learning Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the findings of a research project in which we transformed a primary (grade) 3 science curriculum for delivery via mobile technologies, and a teacher enacted the lessons over the 2009 academic year in a class in a primary school in Singapore. The students had a total of 21 weeks of the mobilized lessons in science, which were…

Looi, C.-K.; Zhang, B.; Chen, W.; Seow, P.; Chia, G.; Norris, C.; Soloway, E.

2011-01-01

441

Thick plate bending wave transmission using a mobility power flow approach  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The mobility power flow (MPF) approach is used in this paper to describe the flexural behavior of an L-shaped plate structure consisting of thick plates with rotary inertia and shear deformation effects included in the analysis. The introduction of the thick plate effects significantly increases the complexity of the structural mobility functions used in the definitions of the power flow terms; however, because of the substructuring that is used in the MPF approach, the complexity of the problem is significantly reduced as compared to solving for the global structure. Additionally, with the MPF approach the modal behavior is described. The MPF analysis of the L-shaped plate is performed for the case of point force excitation on one plate, with the two plates being identical in both size and thickness. The results of this analysis are compared to results from the finite-element analysis (FEA) and the statistical energy analysis (SEA) and show very good agreement in the low- and high-frequency regimes, respectively.

Mccollum, M. D.; Cuschieri, J. M.

1990-01-01

442

A User Pattern Learning Strategy for Managing Users' Mobility in UMTS Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Third-generation mobile systems provide access to a wide range of services and enable mobile users to communicate regardless of their geographical location and their roaming characteristics. Due to the growing number of mobile users, global connectivity, and the small size of cells, one of the most critical issues regarding these networks is location management. In recent years, several strategies have

Alejandro Quintero

2005-01-01

443

Using Mobile Learning to Improve the Reflection: A Case Study of Traffic Violation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to integrate mobile communication technologies and a global positioning system (GPS) to construct an instant, convenient report of the mobile network service system named the Mobile Traffic Violation Reporting System (MTVRS), to improve learners' traffic violation reflection level. Data were collected using a…

Lan, Yu-Feng; Huang, Shin-Ming

2012-01-01

444

Demonstrating and Evaluating an Action Learning Approach to Building Project Management Competence  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper contributes a description of an action-learning approach to building project management competence. This approach was designed, implemented, and evaluated for use with the Dynacs Engineering Development Contract at the Kennedy Space Center. The aim of the approach was to improve three levels of competence within the organization: individual project management skills, project team performance. and organizational capabilities such as the project management process and tools. The overall steps to the approach, evaluation results, and lessons learned are presented. Managers can use this paper to design a specific action-learning approach for their organization.

Kotnour, Tim; Starr, Stan; Steinrock, T. (Technical Monitor)

2001-01-01

445

Manifold learning approach for chaos in the dripping faucet.  

PubMed

Dripping water from a faucet is a typical example exhibiting rich nonlinear phenomena. For such a system, the time stamps at which water drops separate from the faucet can be directly observed in real experiments, and the time series of intervals ?n between drop separations becomes a subject of analysis. Even if the mass mn of a drop at the onset of the nth separation, which is difficult to observe experimentally, exhibits perfectly deterministic dynamics, it may be difficult to obtain the same information about the underlying dynamics from the time series ?n. This is because the return plot ?n-1 vs. ?n may become a multivalued relation (i.e., it doesn't represent a function describing deterministic dynamics). In this paper, we propose a method to construct a nonlinear coordinate which provides a "surrogate" of the internal state mn from the time series of ?n. Here, a key of the proposed approach is to use isomap, which is a well-known method of manifold learning. We first apply it to the time series of ?n generated from the numerical simulation of a phenomenological mass-spring model for the dripping faucet system. It is shown that a clear one-dimensional map is obtained by the proposed approach, whose characteristic quantities such as the Lyapunov exponent, the topological entropy, and the time correlation function coincide with the original dripping faucet system. Furthermore, we also analyze data obtained from real dripping faucet experiments, which also provide promising results. PMID:23030999

Suetani, Hiromichi; Soejima, Karin; Matsuoka, Rei; Parlitz, Ulrich; Hata, Hiroki

2012-09-01

446

Learning Agreements and Socially Responsible Approaches to Professional and Human Resource Development in the United Kingdom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article draws upon original qualitative data to present an initial assessment of the significance of learning agreements for the development of socially responsible approaches to professional and human resource development within the workplace. The article suggests that the adoption of a partnership-based approach to learning is more…

Wallis, Emma

2008-01-01

447

Investigating Elementary Students' Learning Approaches, Motivational Goals, and Achievement in Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationships among students' learning approaches, motivational goals, previous science grades, and their science achievement for the concepts related to atomic theory and explored the effects of gender and sociodemographic variables on students' learning approaches, motivational goals, and their science achievement for the…

Hacieminoglu, Esme; Yilmaz-Tuzun, Ozgul; Ertepinar, Hamide

2009-01-01

448

Modeling the Relations among Students' Epistemological Beliefs, Motivation, Learning Approach, and Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors proposed a model to explain how epistemological beliefs, achievement motivation, and learning approach related to achievement. The authors assumed that epistemological beliefs influence achievement indirectly through their effect on achievement motivation and learning approach. Participants were 1,041 6th-grade students. Results of the…

Kizilgunes, Berna; Tekkaya, Ceren; Sungur, Semra

2009-01-01

449

A Sampled Literature Review of Design-Based Learning Approaches: A Search for Key Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Design-based learning (DBL) is an educational approach grounded in the processes of inquiry and reasoning towards generating innovative artifacts, systems and solutions. The approach is well characterized in the context of learning natural sciences in secondary education. Less is known, however, of its characteristics in the context of higher…

Gómez Puente, Sonia M.; van Eijck, Michiel; Jochems, Wim

2013-01-01

450

Students' Learning-Approach Profiles in Relation to Their University Experience and Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is the connection between student success and their approaches to learning? Do learning approaches develop with university experience? We explored these questions by constructing profiles using a specially developed fixed response instrument and administering this to students at two similar South African universities. Groups consisted of…

Rollnick, Marissa; Davidowitz, Bette; Keane, Moyra; Bapoo, Abdool; Magadla, Lizo

2008-01-01

451

A Semi-supervised Learning Approach to Arabic Named Entity Recognition  

E-print Network

A Semi-supervised Learning Approach to Arabic Named Entity Recognition Maha Althobaiti, Udo-supervised pattern-based learning approach to Arabic Named Entity Recog- nition (NER). We describe ASemi for identifying Named Entities (NEs) in Arabic text. ASemiNER does not require annotated training data

Kruschwitz, Udo

452

The Impact of Curriculum Change on Health Sciences First Year Students' Approaches to Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to use a learning inventory (the Approaches and Study Skills Inventory for Students, ASSIST) to measure the impact of a curriculum change on students' approaches to learning in two large courses in a health sciences first year programme. The two new Human Body Systems (HUBS) courses were designed to encourage students to take a…

Walker, Rebecca; Spronken-Smith, Rachel; Bond, Carol; McDonald, Fiona; Reynolds, John; McMartin, Anna

2010-01-01

453

Does a Repeated Guided-Instruction Approach with Multiple Assessments Increase Student Learning of Science?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Guided instruction is an approach that fully explains the concepts and procedures that students are required to learn. It seems intuitive that this approach should increase student learning; however, there is evidence in the literature that this may not always be the case. We wanted to assess the effectiveness of our own repeated…

Smith, Robert; Peethambaran, Bela; Pontiggia, Laura; Blumberg, Phyllis

2013-01-01

454

An Integrated Hands-On Inquiry Based Cooperative Learning Approach: The Impact of the PALMS Approach on Student Growth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined teachers' perceptions of changes in student learning and changes in their teaching strategies after implementing the Partners Advancing the Learning of Math and Science (PALMS) approach in an urban Massachusetts school district. PALMS was a cooperative statewide systemic initiative funded by the Massachusetts Department of…

Fuller, June L.

455

An inquiry-based learning approach on a educational technology course  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the effectiveness of utilizing the inquiry-based learning approach to aid vocational school students on multimedia project design and development. The results indicate after a period of time there is a difference in student achievement between the inquiry-based learning approach and the traditional didactic instruction. In addition, based upon the experience on the inquiry-based learning process of developing

Chizhu Ma; Rui Xiao; Yongjun Wei; Harrison Hao Yang

2011-01-01

456

Social Network Innovation in the Internet's Global Coffee Houses: Designing a Mobile Help Seeking Tool in Learning Layers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we argue that there is much that we can learn from the past as we explore the issues raised when designing innovative social media and mobile technologies for learning. Like the social networking that took place in coffee houses in the 1600s, the Internet-enabled social networks of today stand accused of being the so-called…

Cook, John; Santos, Patricia

2014-01-01

457

Exploring the combined relationships of student and teacher factors on learning approaches and self?directed learning readiness at a Malaysian university  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the findings of a study of the interrelationships between students’ individual characteristics, self?efficacy beliefs, parental involvement, university and classroom learning environments; teachers’ individual characteristics, teaching efficacies, university and classroom learning environments, teacher outcomes and approaches to teaching; and approaches to learning (deep and surface learning) and self?directed learning readiness. The study was guided by a two?level integrated

Megan Kek; Henk Huijser

2011-01-01

458

Mobile technology supporting trainee doctors’ workplace learning and patient care: an evaluation  

PubMed Central

Background The amount of information needed by doctors has exploded. The nature of knowledge (explicit and tacit) and processes of knowledge acquisition and participation are complex. Aiming to assist workplace learning, Wales Deanery funded “iDoc”, a project offering trainee doctors a Smartphone library of medical textbooks. Methods Data on trainee doctors’ (Foundation Year 2) workplace information seeking practice was collected by questionnaire in 2011 (n?=?260). iDoc baseline questionnaires (n?=?193) collected data on Smartphone usage alongside other workplace information sources. Case reports (n?=?117) detail specific instances of Smartphone use. Results Most frequently (daily) used information sources in the workplace: senior medical staff (80% F2 survey; 79% iDoc baseline); peers (70%; 58%); and other medical/nursing team staff (53% both datasets). Smartphones were used more frequently by males (p?mobile technology used for simple (information-based), complex (problem-based) clinical questions and clinical procedures (skills-based scenarios). From thematic analysis, the Smartphone library assisted: teaching and learning from observation; transition from medical student to new doctor; trainee doctors’ discussions with seniors; independent practice; patient care; and this ‘just-in-time’ access to reliable information supported confident and efficient decision-making. Conclusion A variety of information sources are used regularly in the workplace. Colleagues are used daily but seniors are not always available. During transitions, constant access to the electronic library was valued. It helped prepare trainee doctors for discussions with their seniors, assisting the interchange between explicit and tacit knowledge. By supporting accurate prescribing and treatment planning, the electronic library contributed to enhanced patient care. Trainees were more rapidly able to medicate patients to reduce pain and more quickly call for specific assessments. However, clinical decision-making often requires dialogue: what Smartphone technology can do is augment, not replace, discussion with their colleagues in the community of practice. PMID:23336964

2013-01-01

459

Obesity and outpatient rehabilitation using mobile technologies: the potential mHealth approach  

PubMed Central

Obesity is currently an important public health problem of epidemic proportions (globesity). Inpatient rehabilitation interventions that aim at improving weight-loss, reducing obesity-related complications and changing dysfunctional behaviors, should ideally be carried out in a multidisciplinary context with a clinical team composed of psychologists, dieticians, psychiatrists, endocrinologists, nutritionists, physiotherapists, etc. Long-term outpatient multidisciplinary treatments are likely to constitute an essential aspect of rehabilitation. Internet-based technologies can improve long-term obesity rehabilitation within a collaborative approach by enhancing the steps specified by psychological and medical treatment protocols. These outcomes may be augmented further by the mHealth approach, through creating new treatment delivery methods to increase compliance and engagement. mHealth (m-health, mobile health) can be defined as the practice of medicine and public health, supported by mobile communication devices for health services and information. mHealth applications which can be implemented in weight loss protocols and obesity rehabilitation are discussed, taking into account future research directions in this promising area. PMID:24959157

Castelnuovo, Gianluca; Manzoni, Gian Mauro; Pietrabissa, Giada; Corti, Stefania; Giusti, Emanuele Maria; Molinari, Enrico; Simpson, Susan

2014-01-01

460

A Sound-to-Symbol Approach to Learning Music.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Edwin Gordon took the sequential levels of learning outlined by Gagne and adapted them to audiation (the ability to hear music for which the sound is not physically present) and musical learning. His method of teaching music is discussed. (RM)

Jordan-DeCarbo, Joyce

1986-01-01

461

Efficient learning strategy of Chinese characters based on network approach  

E-print Network

Based on network analysis of hierarchical structural relations among Chinese characters, we develop an efficient learning strategy of Chinese characters. We regard a more efficient learning method if one learns the same number of useful Chinese characters in less effort or time. We construct a node-weighted network of Chinese characters, where character usage frequencies are used as node weights. Using this hierarchical node-weighted network, we propose a new learning method, the distributed node weight (DNW) strategy, which is based on a new measure of nodes' importance that takes into account both the weight of the nodes and the hierarchical structure of the network. Chinese character learning strategies, particularly their learning order, are analyzed as dynamical processes over the network. We compare the efficiency of three theoretical learning methods and two commonly used methods from mainstream Chinese textbooks, one for Chinese elementary school students and the other for students learning Chinese as...

Yan, Xiao-Yong; Di, Zengru; Havlin, Shlomo; Wu, Jinshan

2013-01-01

462

Fostering Faculty Collaboration in Learning Communities: A Developmental Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colleges and universities are adopting learning communities to increase student learning and build cohesion. As learning communities grow in popularity, institutions need to invest in faculty development (Oates, 2001) and understand faculty experiences (Mullen, 2001). The University of Hartford created a program that prepared faculty for…

Stevenson, Catherine B.; Duran, Robert L.; Barrett, Karen A.; Colarulli, Guy C.

2005-01-01

463

Designing Science Learning with Game-Based Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the growing popularity of digital games as a form of entertainment, educators are interested in exploring using digital games as a tool to facilitate learning. In this study, we examine game-based learning by describing a learning environment that combines game elements, play, and authenticity in the real world for the purpose of engaging…

Liu, Min; Rosenblum, Jason A.; Horton, Lucas; Kang, Jina

2014-01-01

464

An Investigative, Cooperative Learning Approach to the General Microbiology Laboratory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigative- and cooperative-based learning strategies have been used effectively in a variety of classrooms to enhance student learning and engagement. In the General Microbiology laboratory for juniors and seniors at James Madison University, these strategies were combined to make a semester-long, investigative, cooperative learning experience…

Seifert, Kyle; Fenster, Amy; Dilts, Judith A.; Temple, Louise

2009-01-01

465

A Genetic Algorithm Approach to Recognise Students' Learning Styles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning styles encapsulate the preferences of the students, regarding how they learn. By including information about the student learning style, computer-based educational systems are able to adapt a course according to the individual characteristics of the students. In accomplishing this goal, educational systems have been mostly based on the…

Yannibelli, Virginia; Godoy, Daniela; Amandi, Analia

2006-01-01

466

A resource-light approach to learning verb valencies  

E-print Network

a treebank for Arabic! - Results: to learn verb subcats, we probably really want at least a chunker Quechua - attempts to learn about Arabic verbs, for comparison - trying it out for Quechua - the future Quechua - attempts to learn about Arabic verbs, for comparison - trying it out for Quechua - the future

Wintner, Shuly

467

A Collaborative Action Research Approach to Professional Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The field of professional development is moving towards the notion of professional learning, highlighting the active learning role that teachers play in changing their knowledge bases, beliefs and practice. This article builds on this idea and argues for creating professional learning that is guided by a collaborative action research (CAR)…

Bleicher, Robert E.

2014-01-01

468

An Analytical Model for Learning: An Applied Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A mediated-learning package, geared toward non-traditional students, was developed for use in the College of Marin's cultural anthropology courses. An analytical model for learning was used in the development of the package, utilizing concepts related to learning objectives, programmed instruction, Gestalt psychology, cognitive psychology, and…

Kassebaum, Peter Arthur

469

A Multidimensional Approach to E-Learning Sustainability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the article is to outline the possible key elements related to the sustainability of e-learning. After analyzing trends in e-learning diffusion, a multidimensional model for sustainability of e-learning innovations is presented. The proposed model is characterized by eight dimensions that are closely and mutually interrelated:…

Trentin, Guglielmo, Ed.

2007-01-01

470

A blended approach to active learning in a physiology laboratory-based subject facilitated by an e-learning component  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learning via online activities (e-learning) was introduced to facilitate existing face-to-face teaching to encourage more effective student preparation and then informed participation in an undergraduate physiology laboratory-based course. Active learning was encouraged by hypothesis formation and predictions prior to classes, with opportunities for students to amend their e-learning submissions after classes. Automatic or tutor feedback was provided on student submissions. Evaluation of the course was conducted via student questionnaires, individual student interviews, and analysis of student marks in examinations and of the e-learning component. Student feedback on this entire subject in the university-wide quality of teaching survey was very high by University of Melbourne standards and most encouraging for the first implementation of such a curriculum modification. Results from further detailed surveys of student interactions and engagement and correlation analysis between student responses were also very supportive of the effectiveness of the course. There were no significant differences between examination marks in the new course with e-learning and the previous year without e-learning. However, there was a significant correlation between assessment of student e-learning work and their final examination mark. Correlation analysis between various survey responses helped interpret results and strengthened arguments for e-learning and suggested future improvements for student use of e-learning. This mode of e-learning used to support face-to-face learning activities in the laboratory can be adapted for other disciplines and may assist students in developing a greater appreciation and a deeper approach for learning from their practical class experiences.

Arianne M Dantas (The University of Melbourne Physiology); Dr. Robert E. Kemm (University of Melbourne Department of Physiology)

2007-10-24

471

Recognizing non Formal Learning Experiences Top-down or bottom-up approaches for skills alignment?  

E-print Network

Recognizing non Formal Learning Experiences Top-down or bottom-up approaches for skills alignment approach, they tend to limit the scope of their potentialities; (ii) thanks to reflexivity using a bottom-up in syllabus and associated proficiency levels, several approaches could be conducted. A top-down approach

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

472

Supporting Teachers in Identifying Students' Learning Styles in Learning Management Systems: An Automatic Student Modelling Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In learning management systems (LMSs), teachers have more difficulties to notice and know how individual students behave and learn in a course, compared to face-to-face education. Enabling teachers to know their students' learning styles and making students aware of their own learning styles increases teachers' and students' understanding about…

Graf, Sabine; Kinshuk; Liu, Tzu-Chien

2009-01-01

473

Research Approaches to Mobile Use in the Developing World: A Review of the Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews roughly 200 recent studies of mobile (cellular) phone use in the developing world, and identifies major concentrations of research. It categorizes studies along two dimensions. One dimension distinguishes studies of the determinants of mobile adoption from those that assess the impacts of mobile use, and from those focused on the interrelationships between mobile technologies and users. A

Jonathan Donner

2008-01-01

474

Collaborative Group Learning Approaches for Teaching Comparative Planetology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Modern science education reform documents propose that the teaching of contemporary students should focus on doing science, rather than simply memorizing science. Duschl, Schweingruber, and Shouse (2007) eloquently argue for four science proficiencies for students. Students should: (i) Know, use, and interpret scientific explanations of the natural world; (ii) Generate and evaluate scientific evidence and explanations; (iii) Understand the nature and development of scientific knowledge; and (iv) Participate productively in scientific practices and discourse. In response, scholars with the CAPER Center for Astronomy & Physics Education Research are creating and field-tested two separate instructional approaches. The first of these is a series of computer-mediated, inquiry learning experiences for non-science majoring undergraduates based upon an inquiry-oriented teaching approach framed by the notions of backwards faded-scaffolding as an overarching theme for instruction. Backwards faded-scaffolding is a strategy where the conventional and rigidly linear scientific method is turned on its head and students are first taught how to create conclusions based on evidence, then how experimental design creates evidence, and only at the end introduces students to the most challenging part of inquiry - inventing scientifically appropriate questions. Planetary science databases and virtual environments used by students to conduct scientific investigations include the NASA and JPL Solar System Simulator and Eyes on the Solar System as well as the USGS Moon and Mars Global GIS Viewers. The second of these is known widely as a Lecture-Tutorial approach. Lecture-Tutorials are self-contained, collaborative group activities. The materials are designed specifically to be easily integrated into the lecture course and directly address the needs of busy and heavily-loaded teaching faculty for effective, student-centered, classroom-ready materials that do not require a drastic course revision for implementation. Students are asked to reason about difficult concepts, while working in pairs, and to discuss their ideas openly. Extensive evaluation results consistently suggest that both the backwards faded-scaffolding and the Lecture-Tutorials approaches are successful at engaging students in self-directed scientific discourse as measured by the Views on Scientific Inquiry (VOSI) as well as increasing their knowledge of science as measured by the Test Of Atronomy STandards (TOAST).

Slater, S. J.; Slater, T. F.

2013-12-01

475

Remotely controlling of mobile robots using gesture captured by the Kinect and recognized by machine learning method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The main purpose of this paper is to use machine learning method and Kinect and its body sensation technology to design a simple, convenient, yet effective robot remote control system. In this study, a Kinect sensor is used to capture the human body skeleton with depth information, and a gesture training and identification method is designed using the back propagation neural network to remotely command a mobile robot for certain actions via the Bluetooth. The experimental results show that the designed mobile robots remote control system can achieve, on an average, more than 96% of accurate identification of 7 types of gestures and can effectively control a real e-puck robot for the designed commands.

Hsu, Roy CHaoming; Jian, Jhih-Wei; Lin, Chih-Chuan; Lai, Chien-Hung; Liu, Cheng-Ting

2013-01-01

476

Evolution of cooperation in the snowdrift game among mobile players with random-pairing and reinforcement learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The evolutionary spatial game in a mobile population has attracted many researchers of biological, social and economic sciences. Considering some facts observed in the real world, this paper proposes a novel spatial evolutionary snowdrift game model with movable players. In this model, one player interacts only with the nearest neighbor in each turn, and makes decision in a reinforcement learning way. In a very large range of the parameters moving ability enhances cooperation, but under some special condition, velocity heavily depresses cooperation. Some explanations have also been given out by investigating the strategy-change behavior of players. The findings may be helpful in understanding cooperative behavior in natural and social systems consisting of mobile agents.

Jia, Ning; Ma, Shoufeng

2013-11-01

477

Artistic image analysis using graph-based learning approaches.  

PubMed

We introduce a new methodology for the problem of artistic image analysis, which among other tasks, involves the automatic identification of visual classes present in an art work. In this paper, we advocate the idea that artistic image analysis must explore a graph that captures the network of artistic influences by computing the similarities in terms of appearance and manual annotation. One of the novelties of our methodology is the proposed formulation that is a principled way of combining these two similarities in a single graph. Using this graph, we show that an efficient random walk algorithm based on an inverted label propagation formulation produces more accurate annotation and retrieval results compared with the following baseline algorithms: bag of visual words, label propagation, matrix completion, and structural learning. We also show that the proposed approach leads to a more efficient inference and training procedures. This experiment is run on a database containing 988 artistic images (with 49 visual classification problems divided into a multiclass problem with 27 classes and 48 binary problems), where we show the inference and training running times, and quantitative comparisons with respect to several retrieval and annotation performance measures. PMID:23629858

Carneiro, Gustavo

2013-08-01

478

Learning capabilities enhanced in harsh environments: a common garden approach.  

PubMed

Previous studies have suggested that the ability to inhabit harsh environments may be linked to advanced learning traits. However, it is not clear if individuals express such traits as a consequence of experiencing challenging environments or if these traits are inherited. To assess the influence of differential selection pressures on variation in aspects of cognition, we used a common garden approach to examine the response to novelty and problem-solving abilities of two populations of black-capped chickadees (Poecile atricapillus). These populations originated from the latitudinal extremes of the species's range, where we had previously demonstrated significant differences in memory and brain morphology in a multi-population study. We found that birds from the harsh northern population, where selection for cognitive abilities is expected to be high, significantly outperformed conspecifics from the mild southern population. Our results imply differences in cognitive abilities that may be inherited, as individuals from both populations were raised in and had experienced identical environmental conditions from 10 days of age. Although our data suggest an effect independent of experience, we cannot rule out maternal effects or experiences within the nest prior to day 10 with our design. Nevertheless, our results support the idea that environmental severity may be an important factor in shaping certain aspects of cognition. PMID:20519218

Roth, Timothy C; LaDage, Lara D; Pravosudov, Vladimir V

2010-10-22

479

Learning capabilities enhanced in harsh environments: a common garden approach  

PubMed Central

Previous studies have suggested that the ability to inhabit harsh environments may be linked to advanced learning traits. However, it is not clear if individuals express such traits as a consequence of experiencing challenging environments or if these traits are inherited. To assess the influence of differential selection pressures on variation in aspects of cognition, we used a common garden approach to examine the response to novelty and problem-solving abilities of two populations of black-capped chickadees (Poecile atricapillus). These populations originated from the latitudinal extremes of the species's range, where we had previously demonstrated significant differences in memory and brain morphology in a multi-population study. We found that birds from the harsh northern population, where selection for cognitive abilities is expected to be high, significantly outperformed conspecifics from the mild southern population. Our results imply differences in cognitive abilities that may be inherited, as individuals from both populations were raised in and had experienced identical environmental conditions from 10 days of age. Although our data suggest an effect independent of experience, we cannot rule out maternal effects or experiences within the nest prior to day 10 with our design. Nevertheless, our results support the idea that environmental severity may be an important factor in shaping certain aspects of cognition. PMID:20519218

Roth, Timothy C.; LaDage, Lara D.; Pravosudov, Vladimir V.

2010-01-01

480

Human Mobility Patterns and Cholera Epidemics: a Spatially Explicit Modeling Approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cholera is an acute enteric disease caused by the ingestion of water or food contaminated by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. Although most infected individuals do not develop severe symptoms, their stool may contain huge quantities of V.~cholerae cells. Therefore, while traveling or commuting, asymptomatic carriers can be responsible for the long-range dissemination of the disease. As a consequence, human mobility is an alternative and efficient driver for the spread of cholera, whose primary propagation pathway is hydrological transport through river networks. We present a multi-layer network model that accounts for the interplay between epidemiological dynamics, hydrological transport and long-distance dissemination of V.~cholerae due to human movement. In particular, building on top of state-of-the-art spatially explicit models for cholera spread through surface waters, we describe human movement and its effects on the propagation of the disease by means of a gravity-model approach borrowed from transportation theory. Gravity-like contact processes have been widely used in epidemiology, because they can satisfactorily depict human movement when data on actual mobility patterns are not available. We test our model against epidemiological data recorded during the cholera outbreak occurred in the KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa during years 2000--2001. We show that human mobility does actually play an important role in the formation of the spatiotemporal patterns of cholera epidemics. In particular, long-range human movement may determine inter-catchment dissemination of V.~cholerae cells, thus in turn explaining the emergence of epidemic patterns that cannot be produced by hydrological transport alone. We also show that particular attention has to be devoted to study how heterogeneously distributed drinking water supplies and sanitation conditions may affect cholera transmission.

Mari, L.; Bertuzzo, E.; Righetto, L.; Casagrandi, R.; Gatto, M.; Rodriguez-Iturbe, I.; Rinaldo, A.

2010-12-01

481

A Cross-Cultural Study of Chinese and Flemish University Students: Do They Differ in Learning Conceptions and Approaches to Learning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports findings with regard to learning conceptions and approaches to learning of Flemish and Chinese students. The Conceptions of Learning Inventory (COLI) and the Approaches and Study Skills Inventory for Students (ASSIST) were administered to first-year university students from China (N = 362) and Flanders (N = 360). The 3-factor…

Zhu, Chang; Valcke, Martin; Schellens, Tammy

2008-01-01

482

Using Mobile & Personal Sensing Technologies to Support Health Behavior Change in Everyday Life: Lessons Learned  

E-print Network

mobile systems for encouraging physical activity. We argue that by supporting persistent cognitive, it is a complex process. Even a single change, such as increasing physical activity, likely requires conducted early stage field studies of mobile technologies designed to encourage physical activity

McDonald, David W.

483

Co-Evolution of Mobile Language Learning: Going Global with Games Consoles in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Game consoles have been adopted as a learning platform in school education. However, there is a scarcity of studies examining the utility of games consoles with built-in WiFi as affordable learning platforms in universities. This paper contributes to knowledge about the capacity of the Nintendo DSi to create new learning spaces mediated and…

Hemmi, Akiko; Narumi-Munro, Fumiko; Alexander, Wilma; Parker, Helen; Yamauchi, Yoko

2014-01-01

484

MUSO: An M-learning & University Student Organizer platform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile devices nowadays are widespread and provide great multimedia capabilities, which make the delivery of mobile learning a more realistic approach since it can provide just in time learning on the move. Currently, students in some universities can watch live lectures or tutorials on their university website after a registration process. Some students who face difficulties in attending their lectures

A. Al Tunaiji; M. J. Zemerly

2010-01-01

485

Coordinated control of tethered space robot using mobile tether attachment point in approaching phase  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tethered space robots (TSRs) have wide applications in future on-orbit service owing to its flexibility and great workspace. However, the control problem is quite complex and difficult in the phase of approaching target, and the fuel consumption must also be taken into account. Hence, we present a novel scheme of achieving coordinated orbit and attitude control simultaneously for the TSR. Space tether, which can provide greater force compared with the thruster force, is used in the design of the orbit and attitude coordinated controller. A coordinated control mechanism is designed to provide attitude control torques of the pitch and yaw motions by adjusting the position of the mobile tether attachment point, while the roll motion is stabilized by the thruster. In order to guarantee this mechanism to work properly, constant tether tension strategies are utilized to plan an optimal approaching trajectory which is tracked by the coordinated controller of tether force and thruster force. Numerical simulation validates the feasibility of our proposed coordinated control scheme for TSR in the approaching phase. Furthermore, fuel consumption of the orbit and attitude control are both significantly reduced compared with traditional thruster control.

Wang, Dongke; Huang, Panfeng; Cai, Jia; Meng, Zhongjie

2014-09-01

486

The Jefferson College Learning Center: A Multifaceted Approach to Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of statistical tables, promotional materials, advisory letters and related materials for students, and other information provides an overview of the activities, staffing, goals, and objectives of the Jefferson College Learning Center. The primary mission of the Learning Center is to bring the full resources of the institution to…

Burke, Thomas

487

Perceptions and Preferences of a Learning Environment: Multidimensional Scaling Approaches.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thirty-two kindergarten children, nine parents, and two teachers participated in a study of classroom learning environments. Participants included lower and middle income White and Hispanic families; the children were enrolled in three schools in the southwestern United States. Both interviews and pictures of classroom learning events were used to…

Muscella, Deborah

488

Approaches to Assessment That Enhance Learning in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book addresses the need to diversify mainstream forms of assessment currently used in Higher Education in order to re-establish the focus on the learning process. Making assessment central to student learning is about returning to what current research emphasises: the primary beneficiary of assessment should be the student. To achieve this in…

Hatzipanagos, Stylianos, Ed.; Rochon, Rebecca, Ed.

2011-01-01

489

A Holistic Approach toward Motivation To Learn in the Workplace.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies key variables within and outside the learning context that could affect motivation to learn during training. Bases the theoretical framework on sociotechnical systems, total quality management, and training transfer theories that could influence employee and organizational performance. Considers task autonomy, organization's orientation…

Kontoghiorghes, Constantine

2001-01-01

490

Leveraging Domain Knowledge to Learn Normative Behavior: A Bayesian Approach  

E-print Network

@uwaterloo.ca 2 Adaptive Risk Management Lab. University of New Brunswick ulieru@unb.ca Abstract. This paper urgent access to medical equipments. When facing different environments, agents tend to spend some time is to overcome this difficulty by applying learning techniques to equip agents with proper tools for learning new

Ulieru, Mihaela

491

Teaching Practices that Improve Student Learning: Five Experiential Approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

University students are disengaged with learning. One reason is because educators continue to overuse the lecture format, which creates a situation where students engage in other tasks, such as sending text messages to their friends, instead of listening to the information being given by the instructor. If institutions and educators want to improve learning environments and increase retention rates, it

Scott Wurdinger; Jennifer Rudolph

2009-01-01

492

Learning approaches for detecting and tracking news events  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors extend existing supervised-learning and unsupervised-clustering algorithms to allow document classification based on the information content and temporal aspects of news events. They've adapted several IR and machine learning techniques for effective event detection and tracking. The article discusses our research using manually segmented documents

Y. Yang; J. G. Carbonell; R. D. Brown; T. Pierce; B. T. Archibald; X. Liu

1999-01-01

493

Efficient Learning Strategy of Chinese Characters Based on Network Approach  

PubMed Central

We develop an efficient learning strategy of Chinese characters based on the network of the hierarchical structural relations between Chinese characters. A more efficient strategy is that of learning the same number of useful Chinese characters in less effort or time. We construct a node-weighted network of Chinese characters, where character usage frequencies are used as node weights. Using this hierarchical node-weighted network, we propose a new learning method, the distributed node weight (DNW) strategy, which is based on a new measure of nodes' importance that considers both the weight of the nodes and its location in the network hierarchical structure. Chinese character learning strategies, particularly their learning order, are analyzed as dynamical processes over the network. We compare the efficiency of three theoretical learning methods and two commonly used methods from mainstream Chinese textbooks, one for Chinese elementary school students and the other for students learning Chinese as a second language. We find that the DNW method significantly outperforms the others, implying that the efficiency of current learning methods of major textbooks can be greatly improved. PMID:23990887

Yan, Xiaoyong; Fan, Ying; Di, Zengru; Havlin, Shlomo; Wu, Jinshan

2013-01-01

494

A comparison of statistical learning approaches for engine torque estimation  

E-print Network

input signal power when calculating correlations, polynomial kernel order in SVM r gear engaged stop binary indication of stopped vehicle S1 early stopping parameter (maximal number of learning iterations where stopping error increases) S2 early stopping parameter (maximal number of learning iterations

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

495

The Effects of a Creative Commons Approach on Collaborative Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social media on the World Wide Web, such as Wiki, are increasingly applied to support collaborative learning for students to conduct a project together. However, recent studies indicated that students, learning in the collaborative project, may not actively contribute to the collaborative work and are involved only in a limited level of positive…

Liu, Chen-Chung; Tao, Shu-Yuan; Chen, Wei-Hung; Chen, Sherry Y.; Liu, Baw-Jhiune

2013-01-01

496

Statistical Learning of Phonetic Categories: Insights from a Computational Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent evidence (Maye, Werker & Gerken, 2002) suggests that statistical learning may be an important mechanism for the acquisition of phonetic categories in the infant's native language. We examined the sufficiency of this hypothesis and its implications for development by implementing a statistical learning mechanism in a computational model…

McMurray, Bob; Aslin, Richard N.; Toscano, Joseph C.

2009-01-01

497

Approaching Assessment from a Learning Perspective: Elevating Assessment beyond Technique  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessment is a key process in assuring quality education but how is it linked to the scholarship of teaching and learning (SoTL)? How can we join teaching and learning to the assessment process rather than view it as a stand-alone component in course and/or program development? This paper explores the relationship between assessment and the SoTL…

Simms, Michele; George, Beena

2014-01-01

498

Using Rocks: A Discovery Approach to Multi-faceted Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pupils' natural questioning attitudes lead them to discovery in a learning center, in contrast to the lecture method, by which information is forced on students regardless of their interests. This paper describes learning experiences built around rocks. Materials placed in a rock center (rocks, stones, pebbles, magnifying glasses hammers, and…

Thomas, John I.

499

Integrated Biographical Inquiry: A Student-Centered Approach to Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors offer social studies educators two student-centered, inquiry-based techniques to help students learn about the contributions of historical figures. Both strategies were classroom tested and proved effective at helping students learn about historical figures in a challenging and enjoyable way. Although techniques in…

Akmal, Tariq T.; Ayre-Svingen, Bonnie

2002-01-01

500

Learning for Being: An Ontological and Existential Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper will investigate the ontological and existential learning experience of a group of laterlife computer learners in Sydney, Australia. The research, undertaken as a PhD project, focused on the interpretation and understanding of the learning experience from the perspective of the learners. Hence, a qualitative method was used because it…

Russell, Helen

2007-01-01