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1

(Re)Conceptualizing Design Approaches for Mobile Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An exploratory study conducted at George Brown College in Toronto, Canada between 2007 and 2009 investigated language learning with mobile devices as an approach to augmenting ESP learning by taking learning outside the classroom into the real-world context. In common with findings at other community colleges, this study identified inadequate…

Hoven, Debra; Palalas, Agnieszka

2011-01-01

2

MOBILE LEARNING FOR SPATIAL SCIENCES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Initial approaches on mobile learning focussed on delivering learning facilities anywhere and anytime independent from restrictions. In contrast current research on e- learning and web-based education tries to adapt learning material to the user pre- knowledge and learning preferences. Our approaches on m-learning tries to combine them, taking advantages from both mobile technologies and context adaptation. As such mobile learning

D. Burghardt; A. Edwardes; T. Woodtli; V. Holdener

3

A Personalized Recommendation-Based Mobile Learning Approach to Improving the Reading Performance of EFL Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, a personalized recommendation-based mobile language learning approach is proposed. A mobile learning system has been developed based on the approach by providing a reading material recommendation mechanism for guiding EFL (English as Foreign Language) students to read articles that match their preferences and knowledge levels, and a…

Hsu, Ching-Kun; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Chang, Chih-Kai

2013-01-01

4

Investigating Acceptance toward Mobile Learning to Assist Individual Knowledge Management: Based on Activity Theory Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile devices could facilitate human interaction and access to knowledge resources anytime and anywhere. With respect to wide application possibilities of mobile learning, investigating learners' acceptance towards it is an essential issue. Based on activity theory approach, this research explores positive factors for the acceptance of m-learning

Liaw, Shu-Sheng; Hatala, Marek; Huang, Hsiu-Mei

2010-01-01

5

Action Research Approach on Mobile Learning Design for the Underserved  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses an action research study focused on developing a mobile learning model of literacy development for underserved migrant indigenous children in Latin America. The research study incorporated a cyclical action model with four distinctive stages (Strategize, Apply, Evaluate, and Reflect) designed to guide constituencies involved…

Kim, Paul H.

2009-01-01

6

Mobile Intelligent Agents for Document Classification and Retrieval: A Machine Learning Approach  

E-print Network

Mobile Intelligent Agents for Document Classification and Retrieval: A Machine Learning Approach software agents for document classification and re­ trieval. The mobile agents are implemented using mobile in­ telligent agents for customized information retrieval. 1 Introduction Agents are software

Honavar, Vasant

7

An Inquiry-Based Mobile Learning Approach to Enhancing Social Science Learning Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study presents a mobile exploration activity that guides elementary students to learn during a social science activity with digital support from mobile devices and wireless communications. The students are situated in both the real world and the virtual world to extend their learning experiences. The learning activities between the field and…

Shih, Ju-Ling; Chuang, Chien-Wen; Hwang, Gwo-Jen

2010-01-01

8

Let's Play Chinese Characters Mobile Learning Approaches via Culturally Inspired Group Games  

E-print Network

Let's Play Chinese Characters ­ Mobile Learning Approaches via Culturally Inspired Group Games Feng learning games can play an important role in the Chinese literacy acquisition process. We report activities such as controversy, judgments and self-correction during the game play. Author Keywords ICT4D

O'Brien, James F.

9

Adaptive Device Context Based Mobile Learning Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning is e-learning delivered through mobile computing devices, which represents the next stage of computer-aided, multi-media based learning. Therefore, mobile learning is transforming the way of traditional education. However, as most current e-learning systems and their contents are not suitable for mobile devices, an approach for…

Pu, Haitao; Lin, Jinjiao; Song, Yanwei; Liu, Fasheng

2011-01-01

10

Towards Computational Models for Mobile Learning Objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile learning objects must not be designed and developed as learning objects for personal computers, becoming just an adaptation to the restrictions of the interface of mobile devices. They should be designed, developed and used taking into consideration the advantages of mobile devices and the learning approaches that support mobile learning environments. In this paper we introduce a set of

Gerardo Ayala; Sergio Castillo

2008-01-01

11

Mathematics and Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues for an approach to mobile learning that leverages students' informal digital practices as resources for designing mathematics classrooms activities. We briefly describe two exploratory designs along these lines, one featuring the use of photos taken by students outside class and the other centered on their recording and…

White, Tobin; Martin, Lee

2014-01-01

12

A Formative Assessment-Based Mobile Learning Approach to Improving the Learning Attitudes and Achievements of Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The advancement of mobile and wireless communication technologies has encouraged an increasing number of studies concerning mobile learning, in which students are able to learn via mobile devices without being limited by space and time; in particular, the students can be situated in a real-world scenario associated with the learning content.…

Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Chang, Hsun-Fang

2011-01-01

13

Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this series, we explore current technology-related themes and topics. The series aims to discuss and demystify what may be new areas for some readers and to consider their relevance to English language teachers. In future articles, we will be covering topics such as learning technologies in low-resource environments, personal learning networks,…

Hockly, Nicky

2013-01-01

14

Mobile learning in medicine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper outlines the main infrastructure for implicating mobile learning in medicine and present a sample mobile learning application for medical learning within the framework of mobile learning systems. Mobile technology is developing nowadays. In this case it will be useful to develop different learning environments using these innovations in internet based distance education. M-learning makes the most of being on location, providing immediate access, being connected, and acknowledges learning that occurs beyond formal learning settings, in places such as the workplace, home, and outdoors. Central to m-learning is the principle that it is the learner who is mobile rather than the device used to deliver m learning. The integration of mobile technologies into training has made learning more accessible and portable. Mobile technologies make it possible for a learner to have access to a computer and subsequently learning material and activities; at any time and in any place. Mobile devices can include: mobile phone, personal digital assistants (PDAs), personal digital media players (eg iPods, MP3 players), portable digital media players, portable digital multimedia players. Mobile learning (m-learning) is particularly important in medical education, and the major users of mobile devices are in the field of medicine. The contexts and environment in which learning occurs necessitates m-learning. Medical students are placed in hospital/clinical settings very early in training and require access to course information and to record and reflect on their experiences while on the move. As a result of this paper, this paper strives to compare and contrast mobile learning with normal learning in medicine from various perspectives and give insights and advises into the essential characteristics of both for sustaining medical education.

Serkan Güllüoü?lu, Sabri

2013-03-01

15

Mobile Learning Anytime, Anywhere  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some educational institutions are taking the leap to mobile learning (m-learning) by giving out free iPods. For example, Abilene Christian University gave iPods or iPhones to freshman students and developed 15 Web applications specifically for the mobile devices. The iPod is not the only ubiquitous m-learning device. Any technology that connects…

Hlodan, Oksana

2010-01-01

16

Embodied Computation: An Active-Learning Approach to Mobile Robotics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a newly designed upper-level undergraduate and graduate course, Autonomous Mobile Robots. The course employs active, cooperative, problem-based learning and is grounded in the fundamental computational problems in mobile robotics defined by Dudek and Jenkin. Students receive a broad survey of robotics through lectures, weekly…

Riek, L. D.

2013-01-01

17

Study to Initiate Mobile Learning among a Group of Young Farmers from Kandy District: An Activity Theory Based Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile phones have been successfully used in agriculture information dissemination. However, there was little emphasis on how to use them in facilitating learning. This study was conducted to define the learning context, with an aim to initiate mobile learning research, in agriculture informal learning. Objectives of the study were to i) define the mobile learning context in relation to Activity

U. Dissanayeke; K. P. Hewagamage; Robert Ramberg; Gihan Wikramanayake

2014-01-01

18

Let's play chinese characters: mobile learning approaches via culturally inspired group games  

Microsoft Academic Search

In many developing countries such as India and China, low educational levels often hinder economic empowerment. In this paper, we argue that mobile learning games can play an important role in the Chinese literacy acquisition process. We report on the unique challenges in the learning Chinese language, especially its logographic writing system. Based on an analysis of 25 traditional Chinese

Feng Tian; Fei Lv; Jingtao Wang; Hongan Wang; Wencan Luo; Matthew Kam; Vidya Setlur; Guozhong Dai; John Canny

2010-01-01

19

An Interactive Concept Map Approach to Supporting Mobile Learning Activities for Natural Science Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile and wireless communication technologies not only enable anytime and anywhere learning, but also provide the opportunity to develop learning environments that combine real-world and digital-world resources. Nevertheless, researchers have indicated that, without effective tools for helping students organize their observations in the field,…

Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Wu, Po-Han; Ke, Hui-Ru

2011-01-01

20

Application of Biological Learning Theories to Mobile Robot Avoidance and Approach Behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

. We present a neural network that learns to control approachand avoidance behaviors in a mobile robot based on a form of animal learningknown as operant conditioning. Learning, which requires no supervision, takesplace as the robot moves around an environment cluttered with obstacles andlight sources. The neural network requires no knowledge of the geometry ofthe robot or of the quality,

Carolina Chang; Paolo Gaudiano

1998-01-01

21

Mobile Learning Anytime, Anywhere  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Evidence shows that portable technology tools engage students and promote learning, and the potential for teachers to add academic value to these tools is growing. Some educational institutions are taking the leap to mobile learning (m-learning) by giving out free iPods; however, any technology able to connect to wireless or mobile phone networks or to access Web-based public or private services can be used. As new resources continue to be developed, m-learning takes what we already know about the benefits of e-learning to the next level.

Oksana Hlodan (AIBS; )

2010-10-01

22

Distance Learning for Mobile Internet Users  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an overview on the current state of art in the field of Distance learning for mobile users. It mentions a large range of technologies, services and approaches that may be used to bring distance learning to mobile internet users. These technologies are supposed to considerably increase innovative e-learning solutions for the…

Necat, Beran

2007-01-01

23

Peak Detection Method Evaluation for Ion Mobility Spectrometry by Using Machine Learning Approaches  

PubMed Central

Ion mobility spectrometry with pre-separation by multi-capillary columns (MCC/IMS) has become an established inexpensive, non-invasive bioanalytics technology for detecting volatile organic compounds (VOCs) with various metabolomics applications in medical research. To pave the way for this technology towards daily usage in medical practice, different steps still have to be taken. With respect to modern biomarker research, one of the most important tasks is the automatic classification of patient-specific data sets into different groups, healthy or not, for instance. Although sophisticated machine learning methods exist, an inevitable preprocessing step is reliable and robust peak detection without manual intervention. In this work we evaluate four state-of-the-art approaches for automated IMS-based peak detection: local maxima search, watershed transformation with IPHEx, region-merging with VisualNow, and peak model estimation (PME). We manually generated a gold standard with the aid of a domain expert (manual) and compare the performance of the four peak calling methods with respect to two distinct criteria. We first utilize established machine learning methods and systematically study their classification performance based on the four peak detectors’ results. Second, we investigate the classification variance and robustness regarding perturbation and overfitting. Our main finding is that the power of the classification accuracy is almost equally good for all methods, the manually created gold standard as well as the four automatic peak finding methods. In addition, we note that all tools, manual and automatic, are similarly robust against perturbations. However, the classification performance is more robust against overfitting when using the PME as peak calling preprocessor. In summary, we conclude that all methods, though small differences exist, are largely reliable and enable a wide spectrum of real-world biomedical applications. PMID:24957992

Hauschild, Anne-Christin; Kopczynski, Dominik; D’Addario, Marianna; Baumbach, Jörg Ingo; Rahmann, Sven; Baumbach, Jan

2013-01-01

24

Interactive Mobile Learning: A Pilot Study of a New Approach for Sport Science and Medical Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning has increasingly become interwoven into the fabric of learning and teaching in the United Kingdom higher education sector, and as technological issues become addressed, this phenomena has accelerated. The aim of the study was to examine whether learning using a mobile learning device (Samsung NC10 Netbook) loaded with interactive…

Bruce-Low, S. S.; Burnet, S.; Arber, K.; Price, D.; Webster, L.; Stopforth, M.

2013-01-01

25

Mobile Learning Initiative (MLI) Spring 2012 Mobile Learning Campus Climate  

E-print Network

.............................................................................................................................. 30 A. Demographics of 2012 Faculty Mobile Computing Survey Respondents B. Demographics of 2011 and 2012 Student Mobile Computing Survey Respondents C. Example Faculty Comments from Open-Ended Feedback DPage | 1 Mobile Learning Initiative (MLI) Spring 2012 Mobile Learning Campus Climate Assessment

Barrash, Warren

26

Mobile Learning in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed method research study investigated the beliefs of university faculty regarding mobile learning. As well as to determine if providing technology professional development to university faculty supports the increase of mobile learning opportunities in higher education. This study used the Beliefs About Mobile Learning Inventory (BAMLI) to…

Fraga, Lucretia M.

2012-01-01

27

MoLeNET Mobile Learning Conference 2009: Research Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mobile Learning Network (MoLeNET) is a unique collaborative approach to encouraging, supporting, expanding and promoting mobile learning, primarily in English post-14 education and training, via supported shared cost mobile learning projects. Collaboration at national level involves participating institutions and the Learning and Skills…

Guy Parker, Ed.

2010-01-01

28

A Service Oriented Architecture to Integrate Mobile Assessment in Learning Management Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile Learning (M-Learning) is an approach to E-Learning that utilizes mobile devices. Learning Management System (LMS) should enable M-Learning. Unfortunately, M-Learning is not the same at each educational institution. Assessment is one of the learning activities that can be achieved electronically and via mobile device. Mobile assessment…

Riad, A. M.; El-Ghareeb, H. A.

2008-01-01

29

Activity Theory Approach to Developing Context-Aware Mobile Learning Systems for Understanding Scientific Phenomenon and Theories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile computing offers potential opportunities for students' learning especially when it combines a sensing device such as RFID (Radio Frequency Identification). Researchers have indicated that a key feature of in-field learning supported by mobile devices and technology is context awareness, with which context and functionality provided by…

Uden, Lorna; Hwang, Gwo-Jen

2013-01-01

30

Mobile learning for the twenty-first century librarian  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to present a review of selected mobile learning literature and programmatic approaches for librarians interested in developing mobile digital library services in order to equip readers with a framework for understanding and appreciating mobile digital librarianship. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A literature review is culled from distance learning, medical informatics and medical librarianship, internet social studies, and

Jim Hahn

2008-01-01

31

Mobile Learning - Designing the Learning Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper contributes to the conceptualisation of school-based curriculum design processes that incorporate high quality mobile learning and considers the work of a recent m-learning project where classroom teachers embedded use of mobile technology into their working school programs. Project teachers devised a set of principles based on current education theory and practice to inform their curriculum design process. These

Kathy Stewart

32

Community Aware Content Adaptation for Mobile Technology Enhanced Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile technology enhanced learning pertains to the delivery of multimedia learning resource onto mobile end devices such as cell phones and PDAs. It also aims at supporting personalized adaptive learning in a community context. This paper presents a novel approach to supporting both aspects. The community aware content adaptation employs the MPEG-7 and MPEG-21 mul- timedia metadata standards to present

Ralf Klamma; Marc Spaniol; Yiwei Cao

2006-01-01

33

Viewing Mobile Learning from a Pedagogical Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning is a relatively new phenomenon and the theoretical basis is currently under development. The paper presents a pedagogical perspective of mobile learning which highlights three central features of mobile learning: authenticity, collaboration and personalisation, embedded in the unique timespace contexts of mobile learning. A…

Kearney, Matthew; Schuck, Sandra; Burden, Kevin; Aubusson, Peter

2012-01-01

34

Client Mobile Software Design Principles for Mobile Learning Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract—In a client-server mobile learning system, client mobile software must run on the mobile phone to acquire, package, and send student’s interaction data via the mobile communications network to the ,connected mobile application server. The server will receive and process the client data in order to offer appropriate content and learning activities. To develop the mobile learning systems there are

Qing Tan; Kinshuk Kinshuk

2009-01-01

35

An investigation-based learning model for using digital libraries to support mobile learning activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study proposes a mobile learning model that employs digital libraries to support investigative learning activities. A student-centered mobile learning activity with self-guided exploration for physical ecology observation has been conducted to demonstrate the benefits of using digital libraries to support investigation-based ecology learning activities. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – An investigation-based mobile learning model is proposed and an experiment is

Ju-Ling Shih; Gwo-Jen Hwang; Yu-Chung Chu; Chien-Wen Chuang

2011-01-01

36

Will Mobile Learning Change Language Learning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of mobile phones and other portable devices is beginning to have an impact on how learning takes place in many disciplines and contexts, including language learning. Learners who are not dependent on access to fixed computers can engage in activities that relate more closely to their current surroundings, sometimes crossing the border…

Kukulska-Hulme, Agnes

2009-01-01

37

Use your mobile computing devices to learn - Contextual mobile learning system design and case studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, with the rapid development of mobile computing technologies, a new learning style-mobile learning has exploded everywhere in our society, which is considered as an essential learning style in the future. This paper presents a mobile learning system taking into account learning context, which is also called contextual mobile learning. With the help of this system, we can

Chuantao Yin; Bertrand DAVID; René CHALON

2009-01-01

38

A Mobile Blended Learning Approach Based on Podcasts with Respect to the Students' Media Literacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since several years lecture recordings have intensively been used as a teaching tool. Several courses are provided with lecture recordings as complementary learning material. Several distribution variants of lecture recordings have been investigated. Podcasts have established as a comfortable distribution technology for lecture recordings and are now established as a regular service for lecturing. This article describes how lecture recordings

Karsten Morisse; Michaela Ramm; T. Schuler; S. Wichelhaus

2009-01-01

39

Evaluation of Handheld Devices for Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many educational organizations start using handheld devices for learning. The aim of this paper is to identify the current status of handheld devices and their appropriateness for mobile learning. First, it presents handheld devices requirements for mobile learning. Then it presents a framework for evaluating handheld devices in relation to mobile learning. It evaluates current handheld devices using the evaluation

Anastasios A. Economides; Nick Nikolaou

40

Does Using Mobile Device Applications Lead to Learning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessing the impact on learning of the use of mobile devices and associated applications is a complex challenge. This article reports on progress to date in a longitudinal study using a design research approach with three cohorts of 800 students each. Results are encouraging in terms of learning enhancement through select mobile application by a…

Vogel, Doug; Kennedy, David; Kwok, Ron Chi-Wai

2009-01-01

41

Mobile Learning for All  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents and educational professionals are asking the question, "Are schools preparing students for their future lives?" Mobile technologies such as smart phones, iPods, GPS systems, iPads, and a constant stream of information drive much of people's world and work. The use of such technologies increases with each passing day. But how often do…

Bestwick, Angel; Campbell, John R.

2010-01-01

42

Using Mobile Learning to Increase Environmental Awareness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning or m-learning, a relatively new concept, has attracted the interest of educators, researchers, and companies developing learning systems and instructional materials. This study investigated the use of integrating use of mobile technologies, data services, and multimedia messaging systems to increase students' use of mobile

Uzunboylu, Huseyin; Cavus, Nadire; Ercag, Erinc

2009-01-01

43

Instructional design for situational Chinese mobile learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile Assisted Language Learning has become independent of traditional language learning and computer assisted language learning. Mobile assisted situational Chinese, which is outstanding for its mobility, ubiquity and pervasiveness, has been becoming a new trend of the study on theories and applications in the field of teaching Chinese as a second language. Based on the daily life of Beijing, this

Juan Xu

2012-01-01

44

A Blended Mobile Learning Environment for Museum Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of mobile devices for informal learning has gained attention over recent years. Museum learning is also regarded as an important research topic in the field of informal learning. This study explored a blended mobile museum learning environment (BMMLE). Moreover, this study applied three blended museum learning modes: (a) the traditional…

Hou, Huei-Tse; Wu, Sheng-Yi; Lin, Peng-Chun; Sung, Yao-Ting; Lin, Jhe-Wei; Chang, Kuo-En

2014-01-01

45

Scaffolding in Connectivist Mobile Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social networks and mobile technologies are transforming learning ecology. In this changing learning environment, we find a variety of new learner needs. The aim of this study is to investigate how to provide scaffolding to the learners in connectivist mobile learning environment: (1) to learn in a networked environment; (2) to manage their…

Ozan, Ozlem

2013-01-01

46

Mobile Learning: From Single Project Status into the Mainstream?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During recent years, many distance teaching as well as residential institutions have started to experiment with mobile learning through pilot projects as part of their e-learning and technology enhanced learning environments. The practical experience gained with the employment of strategies and approaches within distance education can assist with…

Zawacki-Richter, Olaf; Brown, Tom; Delport, Rhena

2009-01-01

47

A location-aware mobile learning System to provide field learning guidance for natural science courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advance of wireless and mobile technologies has enabled students to learn in an environment that combines learning resources from both the real world and the digital world. Although such an approach has been recognized to be innovative and important, several problems have been revealed in practical learning activities. One major problem is owing to the lack of proper learning

Hui-Chun Chu; Gwo-Jen Hwang

2010-01-01

48

Connecting Learning Spaces Using Mobile Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of mobile technology can help extend children's learning spaces and enrich the learning experiences in their everyday lives where they move from one context to another, switching locations, social groups, technologies, and topics. When students have ubiquitous access to mobile devices with full connectivity, the in-situ use of the mobile

Chen, Wenli; Seow, Peter; So, Hyo-Jeong; Toh, Yancy; Looi, Chee-Kit

2010-01-01

49

Introduction: The Prospects for Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue that this article introduces grew out of an event, the UNESCO Mobile Learning Week, but also out of a wider and growing movement of people and organisations exploiting mobile technologies, as they pursue varied educational missions. The UNESCO Mobile Learning Week represented by contributions here was a focus for contributions from…

Traxler, John; Vosloo, Steve

2014-01-01

50

Are You Ready for Mobile Learning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning is defined as the intersection of mobile computing (the application of small, portable, and wireless computing and communication devices) and e-learning (learning facilitated and supported through the use of information and communications technology). Consequently, it comes as no surprise that sooner or later people would begin to…

Corbeil, Joseph Rene; Valdes-Corbeil, Maria Elena

2007-01-01

51

Incorporating Mobile Learning into Athletic Training Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To introduce and present techniques for incorporating mobile learning into athletic training education. Background: The matriculation of digital natives into college has stimulated the identification and development of new teaching and learning strategies. Electronic learning (e-learning), including the use of learning management…

Davie, Emily

2009-01-01

52

A mobile learning system for scaffolding bird watching learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops a mobile learning system for scaffolding students learning about bird-watching. The aim is to construct an outdoor mobile-learning activity using up-to-date wireless technology. The proposed Bird-Watching Learning (BWL) system is designed using a wireless mobile ad-hoc network. In the BWL system, each learner has a PDA (Personal Digital Assistant) with a Wi-Fi-based (IEEE 802.11b) wireless network card.

Yuh-shyan Chen; Tai-chien Kao; Jay-ping Sheu

2003-01-01

53

Mobile Phone Images and Video in Science Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports a study into how mobile phones could be used to enhance teaching and learning in secondary school science. It describes four lessons devised by groups of Sri Lankan teachers all of which centred on the use of the mobile phone cameras rather than their communication functions. A qualitative methodological approach was used to…

Ekanayake, Sakunthala Yatigammana; Wishart, Jocelyn

2014-01-01

54

A Design Requirements Framework for Mobile Learning Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a conceptual framework for mobile learning applications that provides systematic support for mobile learning experience design. It is based on a combination of a game metaphor and several studies of mobile learning contexts. Accounts of four mobile learning projects are used to explore the relationship between the framework and mobile learning design requirements in practice. By applying

David Parsons; Hokyoung Ryu; Mark Cranshaw

2007-01-01

55

Uses of the Across Mobile Platform Learning System (AMPLe) in supporting outdoor mobile learning scenarios  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on how a mobile learning system entitled AMPLe (across mobile platform learning system) was integrated in an elementary school setting to support outdoor learning scenarios. Ninety-six students from 3 classes of NH Elementary school participated in this study. The results reveal that the students were overwhelmingly positive with uses of AMPLe with various mobile devices. However, PDA

Shelley Shwu-Ching Young; Eric Chia-hang Liang; Yi-Hsuan Wang

2008-01-01

56

Going Mobile: Perspectives on Aligning Learning and Teaching in Geography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been little consideration to date regarding how we might best adjust our assessment protocols so that the overall learning experience remains appropriately aligned to both content and teaching approach when adopting location-specific mobile learning. This paper explores the success of a novel strategy to design an assessment regime that…

Jarvis, Claire H.; Dickie, Jennifer; Brown, Gavin

2013-01-01

57

Effectiveness of Mobile Learning in Distance Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main aim of this research is to better understand and measure students' attitudes and perceptions towards the importance of mobile learning in distance education. Results of this survey clearly indicate that facilitating mobile learning can improve the entire distance education by enhancing ways of communication among distance learners, tutors…

Yousuf, Muhammad Imran

2007-01-01

58

Mobile Learning Devices. Essentials for Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Mobile Learning Devices," the author helps educators confront and overcome their fears and doubts about using mobile learning devices (MLDs) such as cell phones, personal digital assistants, MP3 players, handheld games, digital audio players, and laptops in classrooms. School policies that ban such tools are outdated, the author suggests;…

Rogers, Kipp D.

2011-01-01

59

Mobile learning - a new paradigm shift in distance education?  

Microsoft Academic Search

During recent years, many distance teaching as well as residential institutions have started to experiment with mobile learning through pilot projects as part of their e-learning and technology enhanced learning environments. Mobile learning should not be regarded as a medium for distance learning. However, because of the similar affordances of distance learning technologies and online and mobile learning, the established

Olaf Zawacki-Richter; Tom Brown; Rhena Delport

60

Realizing the Promises of Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers the current status of mobile learning and discusses a number of trends that are driving toward enterprise mobility, a state of technological readiness where users have full access to resources regardless of physical location. Enterprise mobility is discussed as one of several key considerations at the core of a successful…

Wagner, Ellen D.

2008-01-01

61

63. Mobile Learning in Developing Nations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper looks at the diffusion and applications of mobile phone technology in Asia and Africa, compared with North America. It indicates that Asian distance education can be the global leader in the development of educational uses for the mobile phone; and it considers the potential for mobile learning in Africa and other developing regions.…

Motlik, Scott

2008-01-01

62

An Exposition of Current Mobile Learning Design Guidelines and Frameworks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As mobile devices with wireless access become more readily available, learning delivered via mobile devices of all types must be designed to ensure successful learning. This paper first examines three questions related to the design of mobile learning: 1) what mobile learning (m-learning) guidelines can be identified in the current literature, 2)…

Teall, Ed; Wang, Minjuan; Callaghan, Vic; Ng, Jason W. P.

2014-01-01

63

Mobile Learning and Integration of Mobile Technologies in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile technologies have a huge potential to transform education provided these technologies are designed and implemented in such a way that they are relevant to the social and cultural context of learning. Clearly, the application, implementation, and design of mobile technology in the global educational context pose technological and…

Keengwe, Jared; Bhargava, Malini

2014-01-01

64

Personalized Intelligent Mobile Learning System for Supporting Effective English Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since English has been an international language, how to enhance English levels of people by useful computer assisted learning forms or tools is a critical issue in non-English speaking countries because it definitely affects the overall competition ability of a country. With the rapid growth of wireless and mobile technologies, the mobile learning has been gradually considered as a novel

Chih-ming Chen; Shih-hsun Hsu

2008-01-01

65

Visual Interactive and Location Activated Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we proposed an application on smart phones for interactive mobile learning. Image recognition technology is used to link physical objects seen through the camera to relevant information. Through the built-in camera on the smart phone, visual interactive learning can be realized. With the GPS sensor, location activated learning is also possible. Combining both the camera and the

Yiqun Li; Aiyuan Guo; Jimmy Addison Lee; Yan Gao; Yii Leong Ling

2012-01-01

66

Using Mobile Learning: Determinates Impacting Behavioral Intention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the factors or determinates that impact the behavioral intention of students to use mobile learning (m-learning) technology. These determinates include performance expectancy, effort expectancy, and self-management of learning, all mediated by age, gender, or both. Regression coefficients showed strong and significant…

Lowenthal, Jeffrey N.

2010-01-01

67

UNESCO Working Paper Series on Mobile Learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

How can people learn from material and content delivered directly to their mobile devices? There are many organizations interested in this subject, and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is one of them. This website provides access to their working paper series on mobile learning, instructional videos, and external websites. The question is a timely one, as there is the hope that this mode of delivery can "supplement and enrich formal school and make learning more accessible, equitable, personalized and flexible for students everywhere." In the Working Paper Series area visitors can read four different papers, including "Mobile Learning for Teachers in Latin America." Additionally, the site contains recent issues of the Mobile Learning Newsletter.

68

Location-Based Adaptive Mobile Learning Research Framework and Topics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Location-based adaptive mobile learning utilizes a unique feature: location awareness of mobile devices in regards to other online learning to implement location-based functionalities or features to create adaptive and collaborative learning in mobile learning environment. There are many important research issues and technical challenges in the location-based adaptive mobile learning systems, including the assessment of learning in the mobile environment.

Qing Tan; Kinshuk; Yen-hung Kuo; Yu-lin Jeng; Po-han Wu; Yueh-min Huang; Tzu-chien Liu; Maiga Chang

2009-01-01

69

NEW E-LEARNING SERVICES BASED ON MOBILE AND UBIQUITOUS COMPUTING: UBI-LEARN PROJECT  

E-print Network

NEW E-LEARNING SERVICES BASED ON MOBILE AND UBIQUITOUS COMPUTING: UBI-LEARN PROJECT Mona Laroussi 1 Mobile learning Mobile learning: It's learning through mobile computational devices: Palms, Windows CE machines, even digital cell phone. The vision of mobile computing is that of portable computation with rich

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

70

Mobile Technologies Enhance the E-Learning Opportunity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this paper is to identify the mobile technologies that enhance the E-Learning opportunity, examine the educational benefits and implementation issues in mobile learning, discuss the guidelines for implementing effective mobile learning, identify the current application and operation of mobile learning, and discuss the future of…

Chuang, Keh-Wen

2009-01-01

71

Mobile learning: Major challenges for engineering education  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a high demand for engineers to design, produce and develop mobile learning (mLearning) technology. However, there are only a limit number of courses which fully present the correct pathway to develop and construct mLearning courseware. This paper is a report based on documentary research and a needs assessment survey of mLearning, the whole concept being, in many ways,

Poonsri Vate-U-Lan

2008-01-01

72

HTML5 for Mobile Applications for Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Glahn, C. (2011). HTML5 for Mobile Applications for Learning. Presentation held at the Blueteam-Workshop, Bluetea\\/Stepco-group. February, 21, 2011, Heerlen, The Netherlands: Open University of the Netherlands, CELSTEC.

Christian Glahn

2011-01-01

73

Learning applications of multi-tasking signal analysis of Fourier transform based on smart mobile devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a viable approach and a new teaching and learning paradigm to enhance the effectiveness of teaching fast Fourier transform [1] and significantly improve the learning outcomes. By using the smart mobile devices, this approach establishes the links among concepts, abstract representations, and realistic applications which are often lacking in traditional instruction. Several mobile apps for real time

Zhengzhe Li; Teng Zhao; Dong Ren; Yang Zhang; Lei Wang

2012-01-01

74

Universal Instructional Design Principles for Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report extends a previous analysis of universal instructional design principles in distance education by applying them to the design of mobile learning. Eight principles with particular relevance for distance education are selected, and their recommendations are discussed in relation to the design of educational materials for a range of mobile

Elias, Tanya

2011-01-01

75

Effectiveness of Vocabulary Learning via Mobile Phone  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whereas the penetration of mobile phones in Asian countries keeps climbing, little research has explored the application of the short message service (SMS) in second language learning. This study aims to examine the effectiveness of SMS vocabulary lessons of limited lexical information on the small screens of mobile phones. Thirty high school…

Lu, M.

2008-01-01

76

Reading and Grammar Learning through Mobile Phones  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an ongoing language-learning project, three years into its development. We examine both the feasibility and the limitations of developing English reading and grammar skills through the interface of mobile phones. Throughout the project, reading and grammar materials were regularly sent to students' mobile phones. Students…

Wang, Shudong; Smith, Simon

2013-01-01

77

Place-Based Learning and Mobile Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When delivered on a mobile device, interpretive tours of a locale afford powerful learning experiences. As mobile devices become more powerful, content for these devices that is individualized and location-specific has become more common. In light of this trend, Oregon State University Extension developed a GPS-enabled iPhone tree tour…

LaBelle, Chris

2011-01-01

78

An Adaptive Framework for Aggregating Mobile Learning Materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a framework for aggregating and editing mobile learning materials from the existing e-learning systems. Content adaptation is an important issue for mobile learning. In this paper, a mechanism for automatically compiling and editing these existing e-learning materials for the mobile learning is proposed. We use a scenario of how to get the adaptive contents for the instructive

Meng-chien Yang

2007-01-01

79

Exploring Display Techniques for Mobile Collaborative Learning in Developing Regions  

E-print Network

, an approach called Multiple Display Groupware (MDG). It has been shown [29] that MDG is better suited for task,20,22,26,29]. Also, to the best of our knowledge, there is no existing research comparing the SDG and MDG techniques for mobile-based learning. In this research, we investigate the two different display techniques, SDG and MDG

Toronto, University of

80

GMTC: A Generalized Commit Approach for Hybrid Mobile Environments  

E-print Network

in generalized mobile environments. Index Terms--Mobile computing, mobile databases, distributed mobile transactions, atomic commit, fault tolerance Ç 1 INTRODUCTION THE increasingly pervasive mobile computingGMTC: A Generalized Commit Approach for Hybrid Mobile Environments Brahim Ayari, Abdelmajid Khelil

Suri, Neeraj

81

Automatic learning by an autonomous mobile robot  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes recent research in automatic learning by the autonomous mobile robot HERMIES-IIB at the Center for Engineering Systems Advanced Research (CESAR). By acting on the environment and observing the consequences during a set of training examples, the robot learns a sequence of successful manipulations on a simulated control panel. The robot learns to classify panel configurations in order to deal with new configurations that are not part of the original training set. 5 refs., 2 figs.

de Saussure, G.; Spelt, P.F.; Killough, S.M.; Pin, F.G.; Weisbin, C.R.

1989-01-01

82

Setting the New Standard with Mobile Computing in Online Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning represents exciting new frontiers in education and pedagogy. With the features of "wearable" computing and multimedia content delivery via mobile technologies, mobile learning becomes feasible and offers new benefits to instructors and learners. How do mobile technologies influence our teaching and learning in traditional…

Shih, Yuhsun Edward; Mills, Dennis

2007-01-01

83

Towards Large Scale Deployment of Adaptive Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The challenge facing the actual development of mobile learning lies in overcoming the limitations of mobile devices and wireless communication technologies while catering for learners individual needs. This challenge has raised an urgent need to investigate automated adaptivity in mobile learning. We describe an ongoing work to build an adaptive mobile learning environment that is interoperable with existing VLEs. The

Fatma Elsayed Meawad; Geneen Stubbs

84

Popularity Modeling for Mobile Apps: A Sequential Approach.  

PubMed

The popularity information in App stores, such as chart rankings, user ratings, and user reviews, provides an unprecedented opportunity to understand user experiences with mobile Apps, learn the process of adoption of mobile Apps, and thus enables better mobile App services. While the importance of popularity information is well recognized in the literature, the use of the popularity information for mobile App services is still fragmented and under-explored. To this end, in this paper, we propose a sequential approach based on hidden Markov model (HMM) for modeling the popularity information of mobile Apps toward mobile App services. Specifically, we first propose a popularity based HMM (PHMM) to model the sequences of the heterogeneous popularity observations of mobile Apps. Then, we introduce a bipartite based method to precluster the popularity observations. This can help to learn the parameters and initial values of the PHMM efficiently. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the PHMM is a general model and can be applicable for various mobile App services, such as trend based App recommendation, rating and review spam detection, and ranking fraud detection. Finally, we validate our approach on two real-world data sets collected from the Apple Appstore. Experimental results clearly validate both the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed popularity modeling approach. PMID:25204005

Zhu, Hengshu; Liu, Chuanren; Ge, Yong; Xiong, Hui; Chen, Enhong

2014-09-01

85

Mobile Authoring of Open Educational Resources as Reusable Learning Objects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

E-learning technologies have allowed authoring and playback of standardized reusable learning objects (RLO) for several years. Effective mobile learning requires similar functionality at both design time and runtime. Mobile devices can play RLO using applications like SMILE, mobile access to a learning management system (LMS), or other systems…

Kinshuk; Jesse, Ryan

2013-01-01

86

The Current Perspectives, Theories and Practices of Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning (m-learning) is a highly popular multidisciplinary study field around the world. It has attracted a great deal of attention from researchers in different disciplines who have realized the potential to apply mobile technologies to enhance learning. Thus, mobile learning has been defined differently by different people. This study is…

Keskin, Nilgun Ozdamar; Metcalf, David

2011-01-01

87

Contextual Mobile Learning Strongly Related to Industrial Activities: Principles and Case Study  

E-print Network

M-learning (mobile learning) can take various forms. We are interested in contextualized M-learning, i.e. the training related to the situation physically or logically localized. Contextualization and pervasivity are important aspects of our approach. We propose in particular MOCOCO principles (Mobility - COntextualisation - COoperation) using IMERA platform (Mobile Interaction in the Augmented Real Environment). We are studying various mobile learning contexts related to professional activities, in order to master appliances (Installation, Use, Breakdown diagnostic and Repairing). Contextualization, traceability and checking of execution of prescribed operations are based mainly on the use of RFID labels. Investigation of the appropriate training methods for this kind of learning situation, applying mainly a constructivist approach known as "Just-in-time learning", "learning by doing", "learning and doing", constitutes an important topic of this project. From an organizational point of view we are in perfect...

David, Bertrand; Chalon, René

2010-01-01

88

Refactoring of Learning Objects for Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a We analyze the problem of refactoring of learning object (LO) for m-Learning. We apply methods adopted from software engineering\\u000a domain for redesigning the structure and user interface of a LO and aim both at increasing usability and accessibility of\\u000a the learning material. We evaluate usability of a LO from the user interface point of view, following the user interface development

Robertas Damasevicius

2010-01-01

89

An Intelligent and Object-oriented Blueprint for a Mobile Learning Institute Information System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this conceptual paper is to develop an original framework that summarizes the applicable software model, and guiding approaches and principles for designing a comprehensive information system for a mobile learning institute. Artificial intelligence has played a role in various strands of computer-mediated education, including e-learning learning platforms. In adaptive delivery mode, learning applications simulate the behavior and

Emre Erturk

2013-01-01

90

In-Sights into Mobile Learning An Exploration of Mobile Eye Tracking Methodology for Learning in Museums  

Microsoft Academic Search

Overview Mobile eye tracking provides insights into cognitive processing of visual information while a learner moves around. This chapter presents a case study in a small museum exhibition that was conducted to explore the suitability of mobile eye tracking for researching mobile learning. The study showed both potentials and limitations of mobile eye tracking methodology for research on mobile learning

Eva Mayr; Kristin Knipfer; Daniel Wessel

91

Mobile Phone Usage for M-Learning: Comparing Heavy and Light Mobile Phone Users  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Mobile technologies offer the opportunity to embed learning in a natural environment. The objective of the study is to examine how the usage of mobile phones for m-learning differs between heavy and light mobile phone users. Heavy mobile phone users are hypothesized to have access to/subscribe to one type of mobile content than light…

Suki, Norbayah Mohd; Suki, Norazah Mohd

2007-01-01

92

Improving mobile learning with enhanced Shih's model of mobile learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

More recent motivational research focuses on the identification of effective techniques for enhancing instructional design and meeting the needs of diverse student populations (Wlodkowski R. J., 1981). Learning-motivation researchers are applying some of the same theories and concepts found to be effective in industry to the development of motivational models that enhance the teaching-learning environment. One of such models is

Oyelami Olufemi Moses

2008-01-01

93

USING ITERATIVE DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT FOR MOBILE LEARNING SYSTEMS IN SCHOOL PROJECTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Different approaches have been proposed on the use of digital and interactive technology in mobile learning contexts. In line with recent findings in the literature, we suggest that mobile learning systems benefit from an iterative design and development process within a holistic, socio-technical system view. This system view makes allowance for the complex dynamics between teachers, students, researchers, the multiplicity

André Melzer; Lia Hadley; Marie Glasemann; Simon Werner; Thomas Winkler; Michael Herczeg

94

Passport to Mobility: Learning Differently, Learning Abroad.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Personal mobility, which is becoming increasingly necessary in the era of the Internet and the globalization of trade, is a crucial part of the European Union's (EU) goal of becoming a knowledge society. While millions of young people, students, teachers, and trainers have participated in educational, training, and linguistic exchanges in the past…

Commission of the European Communities, Brussels (Belgium). Directorate-General for Education and Culture.

95

Designing a Mobile System for Lifelong Learning on the Move  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Life-long Learning Initiative seeks to fulfil a variety of learning needs for Shanghai citizens. Given the popularity of mobile devices in Shanghai, the ability to provide learning in informal settings through mobile devices is a key objective and challenge of the Initiative. In order to learn how to develop usable learning content for…

Gu, X.; Gu, F.; Laffey, J. M.

2011-01-01

96

Research Priorities in Mobile Learning: An International Delphi Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Along with advancing mobile technologies and proliferating mobile devices and applications, mobile learning research has gained great momentum in recent years. While there have been review articles summarizing past research, studies identifying mobile learning research priorities based on experts' latest insights have been lacking. This study…

Hsu, Yu-Chang; Ching, Yu-Hui; Snelson, Chareen

2014-01-01

97

Evaluation of Mobile Assessment in a Learning Management System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the problem of using and delivering educational content from the Moodle learning management system to mobile devices. The primary goal of this study was to investigate the students' habits, motivations and technical possibilities in order to incorporate mobile-learning activities in the e-learning process. A mobile quiz…

Bogdanovic, Zorica; Barac, Dušan; Jovanic, Branislav; Popovic, Snežana; Radenkovic, Božidar

2014-01-01

98

The Design and Implementation of an Interactive Mobile Learning System  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the fast development of mobile computing terminals and wireless network, mobile learning (ML) is becoming one of the most popular research and development areas in today's e-learning. Through convenient and flexible mobile terminals and network, researchers and developers strive to provide users with teaching and learning resources and services that can be accessible anytime anywhere. This paper describes the

Hongru Qi; Minjuan Wang; Ren Tong; Ruimin Shen; Jiajun Wang; Yi Gao

2006-01-01

99

Improving Mobile Learning with Enhanced Shih's Model of Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More recent motivational research focuses on the identification of effective techniques for enhancing instructional design and meeting the needs of diverse student populations (Wlodkowski R. J., 1981). Learning-motivation researchers are applying some of the same theories and concepts found to be effective in industry to the development of…

Moses, Oyelami Olufemi

2008-01-01

100

Accommodating Mobile Learning in College Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile devices and applications are expected to have a significant impact on teaching and learning in the near future. Yet colleges and universities are currently facing severe budget constraints and discretionary funding is restricted for new initiatives. The question addressed in this paper is: "What strategy should an institution of higher…

Alden, Jay

2013-01-01

101

Using Mobile Phones for Science Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the EGO-TRAP project in which students' visits to the Experimentarium science centre in Copenhagen, Denmark, are structured via their mobile phones. EGO-TRAP, so called because it engages visitors in a personal investigation, has been developed with the aim of creating a structured learning experience for children visiting…

Kahr-Hojland, Anne

2007-01-01

102

Mobile Sign Language Learning Outside the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The majority of deaf children in the United States are born to hearing parents with limited prior exposure to American Sign Language (ASL). Our research involves creating and validating a mobile language tool called SMARTSign. The goal is to help hearing parents learn ASL in a way that fits seamlessly into their daily routine. (Contains 3 figures.)

Weaver, Kimberly A.; Starner, Thad

2012-01-01

103

Improving critical thinking skills in mobile learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of mobile learning over the critical thinking skills. The volunteer sample in this experimental study consisted of 41 undergraduates enrolled in computer education classes at the Near East University in North Cyprus. The students’ critical thinking disposition was measured by California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory Scale (CCTDI). Also, the usefulness

Nadire Cavus; Huseyin Uzunboylu

2009-01-01

104

On Designing a Pervasive Mobile Learning Platform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the features, design and architecture of the Myst pervasive game platform that has been applied in creating pervasive mobile learning games in various contexts such as science festivals and museums in Finland. Based on our experiences with the development, we draw a set of design principles for creating successfully a…

Laine, Teemu H.; Vinni, Mikko; Sedano, Carolina Islas; Joy, Mike

2010-01-01

105

Mobile Learning and Student Retention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student retention in open and distance learning (ODL) is comparatively poor to traditional education and, in some contexts, embarrassingly low. Literature on the subject of student retention in ODL indicates that even when interventions are designed and undertaken to improve student retention, they tend to fall short. Moreover, this area has not…

Fozdar, Bharat Inder; Kumar, Lalita S.

2007-01-01

106

Mobile Learning in Higher Education: An Empirical Assessment of a New Educational Tool  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile Learning, or M-learning as it is often called, is a relatively new tool in the pedagogical arsenal to assist students and teachers as they navigate the options available in the expanding distance learning world. This article assesses some of the possible methods, challenges and future potential of using this approach in a college classroom…

McConatha, Douglas; Praul, Matt; Lynch, Michael J.

2008-01-01

107

Mobile Learning and the Visual Web, Oh My! Nutrition Education in the 21st Century  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technology is rapidly changing how our program participants learn in school and for their personal improvement. Extension educators who deliver nutrition program will want to be aware of the technology trends that are driving these changes. Blended learning, mobile learning, the visual Web, and the gamification of health are approaches to consider…

Schuster, Ellen

2012-01-01

108

Effectiveness of a Mobile Plant Learning System in a Science Curriculum in Taiwanese Elementary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study developed a Mobile Plant Learning System (MPLS) that provides instructors with the ways and means to facilitate student learning in an elementary-school-level botany course. The MPLS represented in this study was implemented to address problems that arise with the use of a didactic approach to teaching and learning botany, as is…

Huang, Yueh-Min; Lin, Yen-Ting; Cheng, Shu-Chen

2010-01-01

109

User Acceptance of Mobile Knowledge Management Learning System: Design and Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thanks to advanced developments in wireless technology, learners can now utilize digital learning websites at anytime and anywhere. Mobile learning captures more and more attention in the wave of digital learning. Evolving use of knowledge management plays an important role to enhance problem solving skills. Recently, innovative approaches for…

Chen, Hong-Ren; Huang, Hui-Ling

2010-01-01

110

Vocabulary Learning by Mobile-Assisted Authentic Content Creation and Social Meaning-Making: Two Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, we have witnessed the concomitant rise of communicative and contextualized approaches as well as the paradigmatic development of the mobile-assisted language learning (MALL) framework in analysing language learning. The focus of MALL research has gradually shifted from content-based (delivery of learning content through mobile

Wong, L-H.; Looi, C-K.

2010-01-01

111

Examining Informal Learning Using Mobile Devices in the Healthcare Workplace  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study of workplace learning and informal learning are not new to adult education and pedagogy. However, the use of mobile devices as learning tools for informal learning in the workplace is an understudied area. Using theories on informal learning and constructivism as a framework, this paper explores informal learning of registered nurses…

Fahlman, Dorothy

2013-01-01

112

A reference model for mobile social software for learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a reference model for mobile social software and uses it to analyse the current state-of-the-art in its applications for learning. A general overview of the literature in the field and the available projects will be given. The reference model for mobile social software helps us to (1) find out to what extent mobile social software for learning

Tim De Jong; Marcus Specht; Rob Koper

2008-01-01

113

Students' Perceptions and Experiences of Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focused on how students perceive the use of mobile devices to create a personalized learning experience outside the classroom. Fifty-three students in three graduate TESOL classes participated in this study. All participants completed five class projects designed to help them explore mobile learning experiences with their own mobile

Kim, Daesang; Rueckert, Daniel; Kim, Dong-Joong; Seo, Daeryong

2013-01-01

114

Learner-centric design of digital mobile learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile devices such a mobile phones, PDAs and iPods can have more processing power, slicker displays, and more interesting applications than were commonly available on desktop machines ten years ago, and educators are quickly realising their potential to be used as powerful learning tools. However, the application of mobile technologies to learning contexts must take into account a number of

Leonard Low; Margaret O'Connell

115

Anatomy of a Mobilized Lesson: Learning "My Way"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the mass adoption of mobile computing devices by the current school generation, significant opportunities have emerged for genuinely supporting differentiated and personalized learning experiences through mobile devices. In our school-based research work in introducing mobilized curricula to a class, we observe one compelling mobilized lesson…

Looi, Chee-Kit; Wong, Lung-Hsiang; So, Hyo-Jeong; Seow, Peter; Toh, Yancy; Chen, Wenli; Zhang, Baohui; Norris, Cathie; Soloway, Elliot

2009-01-01

116

Student Use and Pedagogical Impact of a Mobile Learning Application  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning (m-learning) is a relevant innovation in teaching and learning in higher education. A mobile app called NutriBiochem was developed for use in biochemistry and nutrition education for students in a second year Biochemistry and Metabolism course. NutriBiochem was accessed through smartphones, tablets, or computers. Students were…

Teri, Saskia; Acai, Anita; Griffith, Douglas; Mahmoud, Qusay; Ma, David W. L.; Newton, Genevieve

2014-01-01

117

Defining Mobile Learning in the Higher Education Landscape  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article seeks to clarify the meaning of mobile learning by applying its key concepts to learning experiences in post-school education. In other words, it seeks not to discuss one fixed meaning of mobile learning but to disassemble the basic components and provide an interpretation of the model in the context of higher education. The article…

El-Hussein, Mohamed Osman M.; Cronje, Johannes C.

2010-01-01

118

Development of Adaptive Kanji Learning System for Mobile Phone  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an adaptive learning system based on mobile phone email to support the study of Japanese Kanji. In this study, the main emphasis is on using the adaptive learning to resolve one common problem of the mobile-based email or SMS language learning systems. To achieve this goal, the authors main efforts focus on three aspects:…

Li, Mengmeng; Ogata, Hiroaki; Hou, Bin; Hashimoto, Satoshi; Liu, Yuqin; Uosaki, Noriko; Yano, Yoneo

2010-01-01

119

An Evaluation of Learners' Satisfaction toward Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored learners' satisfaction toward a mobile learning system designed to enhance novices' reflective thinking and problem-solving. Instructional multimedia were provided via mobile devices to facilitate novices' learning of the Fedora system. Learners' reflective thinking was enhanced by responding to the reflection prompts and summarizing what they had learned from the instructional multimedia. The results showed that learners satisfied

MING-PUU CHEN; JUNG-CHUAN YEN

2007-01-01

120

Transnational Families, ICTs and Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on findings from an Economic and Social Research Council study in England about the uses of information and communication technologies (ICTs) among 15 highly mobile migrant workers within their transnational families. Using an extended case study approach including ethnographic methods and a thematic analysis, patterns…

Cuban, Sondra

2014-01-01

121

Situated Learning in the Mobile Age: Mobile Devices on a Field Trip to the Sea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on learning about fish biodiversity via mobile devices in a situated learning scenario. Mobile devices do not only facilitate relating the presented information to the real world in a direct way; they also allow the provision of dynamic representations on demand. This study asks whether mobile devices are suited to support…

Pfeiffer, Vanessa D. I.; Gemballa, Sven; Jarodzka, Halszka; Scheiter, Katharina; Gerjets, Peter

2009-01-01

122

Engaging Students in Higher Education through Mobile Learning: Lessons Learnt in a Chinese Entrepreneurship Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This evaluative-exploratory case study reports pedagogical experiences with using mobiles phones, wikis, and other mobile learning approaches such as podcasts and walking tours as educational tools in the context of an undergraduate course on Chinese Entrepreneurship and Asian Business Networks taught at a university in Singapore. Conceptualized…

Menkhoff, Thomas; Bengtsson, Magnus Lars

2012-01-01

123

A Pedagogical Framework for Mobile Learning: Categorizing Educational Applications of Mobile Technologies into Four Types  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional designers and educators recognize the potential of mobile technologies as a learning tool for students and have incorporated them into the distance learning environment. However, little research has been done to categorize the numerous examples of mobile learning in the context of distance education, and few instructional design…

Park, Yeonjeong

2011-01-01

124

Mobile Learning Content Authoring Tools (MLCATs): A Systematic Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Mobile learning is currently receiving a lot of attention in the education arena, particularly within electronic learning.\\u000a This is attributed to the increasing mobile penetration rates and the subsequent increases in university student enrolments.\\u000a Mobile Learning environments are supported by a number of crucial services such as content creation which require an authoring\\u000a tool. The last decade or so has

Raymond Mugwanya; Gary Marsden

2010-01-01

125

Robot Awareness in Cooperative Mobile Robot Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most of the straight-forward learning approaches in cooperative robotics imply for each learning robot a state space growth exponential in the number of team members. To remedy the exponentially large state space, we propose to investigate a less demanding cooperation mechanism—i.e., various levels of awareness—instead of communication. We define awareness as the perception of other robots locations and actions. We

Claude F. Touzet

2000-01-01

126

Human Mobility in a Continuum Approach  

PubMed Central

Human mobility is investigated using a continuum approach that allows to calculate the probability to observe a trip to any arbitrary region, and the fluxes between any two regions. The considered description offers a general and unified framework, in which previously proposed mobility models like the gravity model, the intervening opportunities model, and the recently introduced radiation model are naturally resulting as special cases. A new form of radiation model is derived and its validity is investigated using observational data offered by commuting trips obtained from the United States census data set, and the mobility fluxes extracted from mobile phone data collected in a western European country. The new modeling paradigm offered by this description suggests that the complex topological features observed in large mobility and transportation networks may be the result of a simple stochastic process taking place on an inhomogeneous landscape. PMID:23555885

Simini, Filippo; Maritan, Amos; Néda, Zoltán

2013-01-01

127

CELSTEC Learning Labs: Mobile App Development for Education and Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

Specht, M. (2011). CELSTEC Learning Labs: Mobile App Development for Education and Training. Presentation given in Workshop at CELSTEC Learning Lab for Bluetea. February, 21, 2011, Heerlen, The Netherlands.

Marcus Specht

2011-01-01

128

Mobile technology: lessons learned along the way.  

PubMed

Although mobile technology has the potential to promote patient safety by increasing accuracy and efficiency, faculty may find instituting a personal digital assistant (PDA) program overwhelming. In addition, there is a dearth of information on how students are using this technology. The authors discuss the implementation of a PDA program that required all nursing students entering their first clinical rotation to purchase a PDA loaded with nursing software and describe how the students used this technology. Lessons learned along the way are emphasized to help faculty develop, implement, and/or improve their school's PDA/software program. PMID:21502842

Beard, Kenya V; Greenfield, Sue; Morote, Elsa-Sophia; Walter, Richard

2011-01-01

129

Introducing Mobility in Serious Games: Enhancing Situated and Collaborative Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This paper explores the introduction of mobile technologies in a particular serious games subset called learning games. We\\u000a focus on two main purposes where mobility turns out to be useful: situated learning and collaborative learning. The article\\u000a outlines the opportunities and the remaining challenges for these learning situations. Some important issues are highlighted\\u000a for immerging learners in real context. We

Sébastien George; Audrey Serna

130

Message Design for Mobile Learning: Learning Theories, Human Cognition and Design Principles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The demands of an increasingly knowledge-based society and the dramatic advances in mobile phone technology are combining to spur the growth of mobile learning (mLearning). However, for mLearning to attain its full potential, it is essential to develop pedagogy and instructional design tailored to the needs of this new learning environment. At…

Wang, Minjuan; Shen, Ruimin

2012-01-01

131

Mobile Learning via SMS at Open University Malaysia: Equitable, Effective, and Sustainable  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes Open University Malaysia's efforts at enhancing the blended learning approach for undergraduate distance learners with the successful implementation of the Mobile Learning via SMS initiative. The pilot project was implemented in the May 2009 semester, and this coming January 2011 semester will be in its sixth consecutive…

Lim, Tina; Fadzil, Mansor; Mansor, Norziati

2011-01-01

132

Middle School Students' Learning of Mathematics Using Mobile Phones: Conditions and Consequences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We used a grounded theory approach to investigate and describe the learning of middle school students when they carry out mathematical activities (in the classroom or out of it) and explore mathematical objects and relations using mobile phones. We found that a web of conditions and consequences could be related to the students' learning when they…

Baya'a, Nimer; Daher, Wajeeh

2010-01-01

133

A Mobile Informal Learning Solution for Workplace Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the development of the "MobLearn@Work" App, which emerged from a study of informal learning among five employees at different companies in China. The purpose of the study was to develop a strategy for the design of mobile learning support tools that would enhance informal learning in the workplace. The App was…

Gu, Jia

2014-01-01

134

A Knowledge Engineering Approach to Developing Mindtools for Context-Aware Ubiquitous Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent developments in computing and mobile technologies have enabled the mobile and ubiquitous learning approach, which situates students in an environment that combines real-world and digital-world learning resources. Although such an approach seems to be innovative and interesting, several problems have been revealed when applying it to…

Chu, Hui-Chun; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2010-01-01

135

A Review of Research on Mobile Learning in Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile devices have become attractive learning devices for education. While the majority of the existing research has focused primarily on the value of mobile learning for students, researchers have recently started exploring its potentials within teacher development. The present qualitative synthesis of quantitative and qualitative research aimed…

Baran, Evrim

2014-01-01

136

Learning Bridges: A Role for Mobile Technologies in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

MyArtSpace is a service for children to spread their learning between schools and museums using mobile phones linked to a personal Web space. Using MyArtSpace as an example, the authors discuss the possibilities for mobile technology to form bridges between formal and informal learning. They also offer guidelines for designing such bridges.…

Vavoula, Giasemi; Sharples, Mike; Lonsdale, Peter; Rudman, Paul; Meek, Julia

2007-01-01

137

A Framework for Sustainable Mobile Learning in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While there are studies that have looked at the implementation of mobile learning in educational institutions, particularly the identification of issues encountered, few studies have explored holistically the elements that sustain mobile learning. This study dissects the findings of a longitudinal study of a secondary school adopting a personal…

Ng, Wan; Nicholas, Howard

2013-01-01

138

Place, Mobility, and Faculty Life: Mindfulness and Learning through Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academics move a lot. In this autoethnographic essay, I explore aspects of mobility, rootedness, mindfulness, and learning though my own story of leaving a place I loved for a new place I was drawn to, a place where I have begun the long and uncertain process of building new relationships of attachment. We lead mobile lives, even as we learn to…

Greenwood, David A.

2015-01-01

139

A Mobile Learning Module for High School Fieldwork  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although fieldwork is always cited as an important component of geographic education, there are many obstacles for executing high school fieldwork. Mobile electronic products are becoming popular and some schools are able to acquire these devices for mobile learning. This study attempts to provide a mobile-assisted means of guiding students…

Hsu, Tzu-Yen; Chen, Che-Ming

2010-01-01

140

Mobile Learning in Nursing Practice Education: Applying Koole's FRAME Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We report here on an exploratory formative evaluation of a project to integrate mobile learning into a Western Canadian college nursing program. Third-year students used Hewlett Packard iPAQ mobile devices for five weeks in a practice education course in April-May, 2007. Koole's (2009) "Framework for the Rational Analysis of Mobile Education"…

Kenny, Richard F.; Van Neste-Kenny, Jocelyne M. C.; Park, Caroline L.; Burton, Pamela A.; Meiers, Jan

2009-01-01

141

Investigating Learner Preparedness for and Usage Patterns of Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the use of mobile devices for language learning has sparked the interest of an increasing number of researchers in recent years (e.g., Aizawa & Kiernan, 2003; Thornton & Houser, 2005), our knowledge of learners' preferences for the mobile platform and their usage patterns remains limited. Are learners prepared to use mobile phones for…

Stockwell, Glenn

2008-01-01

142

Towards Developing Mobile Game-Based Learning Engineering Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile game-based learning (mGBL) is a game purposely employed for learning which is played on mobile devices such as mobile phones. The development of mGBL is indeed a crucial task in ensuring the player to be motivated enough to keep playing until the game goal has been achieved. Various game development methodologies have been introduced for different types of games

Syamsul Bahrin Zaibon; Norshuhada Shiratuddin

2009-01-01

143

Technologies for Learning? An Actor-Network Theory Critique of "Affordances" in Research on Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How is the link between learner and technology made in mobile learning? What is the value of the concept of "affordances"? And how does research articulating this concept act to position mobile devices as "technologies for learning"? This literature review used both unstructured and structured search samples of published research on mobile

Wright, Steve; Parchoma, Gale

2011-01-01

144

Evaluating Non Functional Requirements in Mobile Learning Contents and Multimedia Educational Software  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Wedeveloped,a scheme ,for representing critical non functional requirements (NFRs), and,apply it to ,the domains ,of mobile ,e- learning contents and Multimedia Educational Software to validate it. Our approach extends the model for representing design rationale by making explicit evaluation goals, providing the means,to improve ,the quality of e-learning contents, especially m-learning contents. Further research ,issues will be discussed including

Gianna Avellis; Antonio Scaramuzzi; Tecnopolis Csata; Anthony Finkelstein

145

Mobile Learning Environment System (MLES): The Case of Android-based Learning Application on Undergraduates' Learning  

E-print Network

Of late, mobile technology has introduced new, novel environment that can be capitalized to further enrich the teaching and learning process in classrooms. Taking cognizance of this promising setting, a study was undertaken to investigate the impact of such an environment enabled by android platform on the learning process among undergraduates of Sultan Idris Education University, Malaysia; in particular, this paper discusses critical aspects of the design and implementation of the android learning system. Data were collected through a survey involving 56 respondents, and these data were analyzed by using SPSS 12.0. Findings showed that the respondents were very receptive to the interactivity, accessibility, and convenience of the system, but they were quite frustrated with the occasional interruptions due to internet connectivity problems. Overall, the mobile learning system can be utilized as an inexpensive but potent learning tool that complements undergraduates' learning process.

Hanafi, Hafizul Fahri

2012-01-01

146

HAWAII: A Domainbased Approach for Supporting Mobility in Widearea Wireless  

E-print Network

1 HAWAII: A Domain­based Approach for Supporting Mobility in Wide­area Wireless Networks R. Ramjee evaluation of HAWAII: a domain­based approach for supporting mobility. HAWAII uses specialized path setup. HAWAII defaults to using Mobile IP for macro­ mobility, thus providing a comprehensive solution

Yener, Aylin

147

Understanding Mobile Learning from the Perspective of Self-Regulated Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cognizant of the research gap in the theorization of mobile learning, this paper conceptually explores how the theories and methodology of self-regulated learning (SRL), an active area in contemporary educational psychology, are inherently suited to address the issues originating from the defining characteristics of mobile learning: enabling…

Sha, L.; Looi, C.-K.; Chen, W.; Zhang, B. H.

2012-01-01

148

Seamless Connection between Learning and Assessment--Applying Progressive Learning Tasks in Mobile Ecology Inquiry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning has been recommended for motivating students on field trips; nevertheless, owing to the complexity and the richness of the learning resources from both the real-world and the digital-world environments, information overload remains one of the major concerns. Most mobile learning designs provide feedback only for multiple choice…

Hung, Pi-Hsia; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Lin, Yu-Fen; Wu, Tsung-Hsun; Su, I-Hsiang

2013-01-01

149

Augmented Learning: Research and Design of Mobile Educational Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New technology has brought with it new tools for learning, and research has shown that the educational potential of video games resonates with scholars, teachers, and students alike. In "Augmented Learning", Eric Klopfer describes the largely untapped potential of mobile learning games--games played on such handheld devices as cell phones, Game…

Klopfer, Eric

2008-01-01

150

Investigating the Determinants and Age and Gender Differences in the Acceptance of Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the proliferation of mobile computing technology, mobile learning (m-learning) will play a vital role in the rapidly growing electronic learning market. M-learning is the delivery of learning to students anytime and anywhere through the use of wireless Internet and mobile devices. However, acceptance of m-learning by individuals is critical…

Wang, Yi-Shun; Wu, Ming-Cheng; Wang, Hsiu-Yuan

2009-01-01

151

An Augmented Reality-Based Mobile Learning System to Improve Students' Learning Achievements and Motivations in Natural Science Inquiry Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, an augmented reality-based mobile learning system is proposed for conducting inquiry-based learning activities. An experiment has been conducted to examine the effectiveness of the proposed approach in terms of learning achievements and motivations. The subjects were 57 fourth graders from two classes taught by the same teacher in…

Chiang, Tosti H. C.; Yang, Stephen J. H.; Hwang, Gwo-Jen

2014-01-01

152

A Concept Map Approach to Developing Collaborative Mindtools for Context-Aware Ubiquitous Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent advances in mobile and wireless communication technologies have enabled various new learning approaches which situate students in environments that combine real-world and digital-world learning resources; moreover, students are allowed to share knowledge or experiences with others during the learning process. Although such an approach seems…

Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Shi, Yen-Ru; Chu, Hui-Chun

2011-01-01

153

How Artefacts Mediate Small-Group Co-Creation Activities in a Mobile-Assisted Seamless Language Learning Environment?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rich learning resources and contexts learners experience in their everyday life could play important roles in complementing formal learning, but are often neglected by learners and teachers. In this paper, we present an intervention study in "Move, Idioms!", a mobile-assisted Chinese language learning approach that emphasizes contextualized…

Wong, L. -H.; Chen, W.; Jan, M.

2012-01-01

154

Determinants of Mobile Learning Acceptance: An Empirical Investigation in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scope and method of study: The purpose of this study was to investigate the determinants of mobile learning acceptance in higher education. Mobile learning is a rapidly growing method of learning that utilizes mobile devices to deliver content. Acceptance of mobile learning theory was derived from technology acceptance theories. The study…

Akour, Hassan

2010-01-01

155

Mobile learning for HIV/AIDS healthcare worker training in resource-limited settings  

PubMed Central

Background We present an innovative approach to healthcare worker (HCW) training using mobile phones as a personal learning environment. Twenty physicians used individual Smartphones (Nokia N95 and iPhone), each equipped with a portable solar charger. Doctors worked in urban and peri-urban HIV/AIDS clinics in Peru, where almost 70% of the nation's HIV patients in need are on treatment. A set of 3D learning scenarios simulating interactive clinical cases was developed and adapted to the Smartphones for a continuing medical education program lasting 3 months. A mobile educational platform supporting learning events tracked participant learning progress. A discussion forum accessible via mobile connected participants to a group of HIV specialists available for back-up of the medical information. Learning outcomes were verified through mobile quizzes using multiple choice questions at the end of each module. Methods In December 2009, a mid-term evaluation was conducted, targeting both technical feasibility and user satisfaction. It also highlighted user perception of the program and the technical challenges encountered using mobile devices for lifelong learning. Results With a response rate of 90% (18/20 questionnaires returned), the overall satisfaction of using mobile tools was generally greater for the iPhone. Access to Skype and Facebook, screen/keyboard size, and image quality were cited as more troublesome for the Nokia N95 compared to the iPhone. Conclusions Training, supervision and clinical mentoring of health workers are the cornerstone of the scaling up process of HIV/AIDS care in resource-limited settings (RLSs). Educational modules on mobile phones can give flexibility to HCWs for accessing learning content anywhere. However lack of softwares interoperability and the high investment cost for the Smartphones' purchase could represent a limitation to the wide spread use of such kind mLearning programs in RLSs. PMID:20825677

2010-01-01

156

Exploring the Moderating Role of Self-Management of Learning in Mobile English Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although a considerable number of studies have revealed that self-management of learning (SML) could be closely related to learning achievements, there is still a paucity of research investigating the moderating effect of self-management of learning on mobile learning outcomes. Accordingly, the primary purpose of this study was to explore the…

Huang, Rui-Ting

2014-01-01

157

Student-Community Collaboration to Construct Mobile Learning Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a project integrating mobile learning games into the author's course at Appalachian State University, in collaboration with a community partner and for the community as a whole. The process of constructing educational mobile games can be as beneficial as the act of playing. Therefore, the author's beliefs about integrating…

Wallace, Paul

2011-01-01

158

Factors Impacting Teachers' Adoption of Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As mobile technology has advanced, awareness is growing that these technologies may benefit teaching and learning. However, despite this interest, the factors that will determine the acceptance of mobile technology by lecturers have been limited. This study proposed and tested a new model that extends the technology acceptance model (TAM) with…

Mac Callum, Kathryn; Jeffrey, Lynn; Kinshuk

2014-01-01

159

Working with Constraints in Mobile Learning: A Response to Ballance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the enthusiasm that Ballance shows in his commentary (this issue) for mobile learning and the possibilities that new developments in technology of mobile devices may bring about is commendable, there are several areas of concern in his commentary that deserve mention. The author's first concern is that the commentary misrepresents the…

Stockwell, Glenn

2012-01-01

160

Mobile Learning in Distance Education: Utility or Futility?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Can mobile technology improve flexibility and quality of interaction for graduate students in distance programs? This paper reports the results of an innovative study exploring the usability, learning, and social interaction of mobile access to online course materials at a Canadian distance education university. Through a system called MobiGlam,…

Koole, Marguerite; McQuilkin, Janice Letkeman; Ally, Mohamed

2010-01-01

161

Learning Mathematics in the Mobile Phone Environment: Students' Emotions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers point at the importance of emotions and its study in mathematics education. This research examines middle school students' emotions during learning mathematics outdoors using the mobile phone. The constant comparison method was used to analyze 30 middle school students' emotions while carrying out 15 outdoor activities using the mobile

Daher, Wajeeh

2011-01-01

162

Statistical Inference-Based Cache Management for Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Supporting efficient data access in the mobile learning environment is becoming a hot research problem in recent years, and the problem becomes tougher when the clients are using light-weight mobile devices such as cell phones whose limited storage space prevents the clients from holding a large cache. A practical solution is to store the cache…

Li, Qing; Zhao, Jianmin; Zhu, Xinzhong

2009-01-01

163

23 M-Learning: The Educational Use of Mobile Communication Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a position paper which explores the use of mobile communication devices in teaching and learning. We especially undertake a crosswalk around the fast evolving field of mobile learning with a view of positioning it as new paradigm for learning. We deduce that successful development and implementation of any mobile learning solution requires a deep understanding of the learning

Paul Birevu Muyinda; Ezra Mugisa; Kathy Lynch

164

Mobile Learning Initiative Summary of Accomplishments October 15, 2011-February 1, 2012  

E-print Network

://mobilelearning.boisestate.edu) expanded. 7. Expanded list of productivity and learning apps for 24 Library iPads for student checkoutMobile Learning Initiative Summary of Accomplishments October 15, 2011- February 1, 2012 1. Two mLearning who are focused on the assessment of the use of mobile learning. 2. With Mobile Learning Initiative

Barrash, Warren

165

An Investigation on Students' Cognitive Load and Learning Achievements for Participating in a Local Culture Mobile Learning Activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advancement of mobile device and wireless communication technologies has a great influence on the design concept of learning activities. The effects of new technologies on learning have also been widely discussed. In this research, we attempt to integrate field study into the digital mobile learning model, and build a mobile learning environment with both physical and virtual resources. The

Gwo-Jen Hwang; Wan-Ling Kuo; Po-Han Wu; Yueh-Min Huang; Ya-Yan Zhuang

2010-01-01

166

Effects of the inquiry-based mobile learning model on the cognitive load and learning achievement of students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advancement of mobile device and wireless communication technologies is having a great influence on the design concept of learning activities. In this study, we attempt to integrate field study into the inquiry-based mobile learning model; moreover, a mobile learning environment that allows students to access both physical and virtual resources is developed accordingly. During the in-field learning activity, the

Gwo Jen Hwang; Po Han Wu; Ya Yen Zhuang; Yueh Min Huang

2011-01-01

167

The Wonder Approach to learning  

PubMed Central

Wonder, innate in the child, is an inner desire to learn that awaits reality in order to be awakened. Wonder is at the origin of reality-based consciousness, thus of learning. The scope of wonder, which occurs at a metaphysical level, is greater than that of curiosity. Unfortunate misinterpretations of neuroscience have led to false brain-based ideas in the field of education, all of these based on the scientifically wrong assumption that children’s learning depends on an enriched environment. These beliefs have re-enforced the Behaviorist Approach to education and to parenting and have contributed to deadening our children’s sense of wonder. We suggest wonder as the center of all motivation and action in the child. Wonder is what makes life genuinely personal. Beauty is what triggers wonder. Wonder attunes to beauty through sensitivity and is unfolded by secure attachment. When wonder, beauty, sensitivity and secure attachment are present, learning is meaningful. On the contrary, when there is no volitional dimension involved (no wonder), no end or meaning (no beauty) and no trusting predisposition (secure attachment), the rigid and limiting mechanical process of so-called learning through mere repetition become a deadening and alienating routine. This could be described as training, not as learning, because it does not contemplate the human being as a whole. PMID:25339882

L’Ecuyer, Catherine

2014-01-01

168

The Wonder Approach to learning.  

PubMed

Wonder, innate in the child, is an inner desire to learn that awaits reality in order to be awakened. Wonder is at the origin of reality-based consciousness, thus of learning. The scope of wonder, which occurs at a metaphysical level, is greater than that of curiosity. Unfortunate misinterpretations of neuroscience have led to false brain-based ideas in the field of education, all of these based on the scientifically wrong assumption that children's learning depends on an enriched environment. These beliefs have re-enforced the Behaviorist Approach to education and to parenting and have contributed to deadening our children's sense of wonder. We suggest wonder as the center of all motivation and action in the child. Wonder is what makes life genuinely personal. Beauty is what triggers wonder. Wonder attunes to beauty through sensitivity and is unfolded by secure attachment. When wonder, beauty, sensitivity and secure attachment are present, learning is meaningful. On the contrary, when there is no volitional dimension involved (no wonder), no end or meaning (no beauty) and no trusting predisposition (secure attachment), the rigid and limiting mechanical process of so-called learning through mere repetition become a deadening and alienating routine. This could be described as training, not as learning, because it does not contemplate the human being as a whole. PMID:25339882

L'Ecuyer, Catherine

2014-01-01

169

An Ecological Approach to Learning Dynamics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New approaches to emergent learner-directed learning design can be strengthened with a theoretical framework that considers learning as a dynamic process. We propose an approach that models a learning process using a set of spatial concepts: learning space, position of a learner, niche, perspective, step, path, direction of a step and step…

Normak, Peeter; Pata, Kai; Kaipainen, Mauri

2012-01-01

170

Mobile game-based learning in secondary education: engagement, motivation and learning in a mobile city game  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using mobile games in education combines situated and active learning with fun in a poten- tially excellent manner. The effects of a mobile city game called Frequency 1550, which was developed by The Waag Society to help pupils in their first year of secondary education play- fully acquire historical knowledge of medievalAmsterdam, were investigated in terms of pupil engagement in

Jantina Huizenga; Wilfried Admiraal; Sanne Akkerman; Geert Ten Dam

2009-01-01

171

Mobile Game-Based Learning in Secondary Education: Engagement, Motivation and Learning in a Mobile City Game  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using mobile games in education combines situated and active learning with fun in a potentially excellent manner. The effects of a mobile city game called Frequency 1550, which was developed by The Waag Society to help pupils in their first year of secondary education playfully acquire historical knowledge of medieval Amsterdam, were investigated…

Huizenga, J.; Admiraal, W.; Akkerman, S.; Dam, G. ten

2009-01-01

172

Generalized predictive control based on self-recurrent wavelet neural network for stable path tracking of mobile robots: adaptive learning rates approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a generalized predictive control (GPC) method based on self-recurrent wavelet neural network (SRWNN) is proposed for stable path tracking of mobile robots. Since the SRWNN has a self-recurrent mother wavelet layer, it can well attract the complex nonlinear system although the SRWNN has less mother wavelet nodes than the wavelet neural network. Thus, the SRWNN is used

Sung Jin Yoo; Yoon Ho Choi; Jin Bae Park

2006-01-01

173

Mobile learning and SMS services - student views on the use of mobile phones in distance education  

Microsoft Academic Search

When developing system solutions for mobile learning, it is assumed that the NKI students normally will have access to a desktop or laptop computer with Internet connection. This means that the equipment and technologies used when mobile are additions to the students' equipment used when studying at home or at work. It should also be noted that developments were based

Torstein Rekkedal; Aleksander Dye

174

A learning environment for developers of mobile apps  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a new learning environment for developers of mobile apps that merges two quite different views of the same topic. Creative design and system engineering are core issues in the development process that are based on diverging principles. This new learning environment aims to address both points of view by not suppressing one of them but trying to

Elisabeth Platzer; Otto Petrovic

2011-01-01

175

Using Mobile Devices for Motor-Learning Laboratory Exercises  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When teaching motor-learning concepts, laboratory experiments can be valuable tools for promoting learning. In certain circumstances, traditional laboratory exercises are often impractical due to facilities, time, or cost. Inexpensive or free applications (apps) that run on mobile devices can serve as useful alternatives. This article details…

Hill, Kory

2014-01-01

176

Evaluating the Viability of Mobile Learning to Enhance Management Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A qualitative research project was conducted to test the viability of augmenting an e-learning program for workplace learners using mobile content delivered through smart phones. Ten learners taking a six week web-based e-learning course were given smart phones which enabled them to access approximately 70% of the course content, in addition to…

Macdonald, Iain; Chiu, Jason

2011-01-01

177

Face-to-Face Collaborative Learning Supported by Mobile Phones  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of handheld computers in educational contexts has increased considerably in recent years and their value as a teaching tool has been confirmed by many positive experiences, particular within collaborative learning systems (Mobile Computer Supported Collaborative Learning [MCSCL]). The cost of the devices has hindered widespread use in…

Echeverria, Alejandro; Nussbaum, Miguel; Calderon, Juan Felipe; Bravo, Claudio; Infante, Cristian; Vasquez, Andrea

2011-01-01

178

Using Mobile Device for Learning: From Students' Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to examine students' acceptance of mobile technology usage for learning. A questionnaire designed with five open-ended questions was distributed to 20 students from the Faculty of Industrial Art and Design Technology of Unisel (Universiti Industri Selangor), Malaysia. Results construes that students were not keen on m-learning

Suki, Norazah Mohd; Suki, Norbayah Mohd

2011-01-01

179

Mobile Language Learning: More than Just "The Platform"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile-assisted language learning (MALL) is attracting a great deal of attention at present (Stockwell & Sotillo, 2011). However, it is important that teacher and researcher exploitation of technological developments be guided by more than just enthusiasm. "Language Learning & Technology's" commitment to empirical studies is admirable but, for…

Ballance, Oliver James

2012-01-01

180

Face-to-face collaborative learning supported by mobile phones  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of handheld computers in educational contexts has increased considerably in recent years and their value as a teaching tool has been confirmed by many positive experiences, particular within collaborative learning systems (Mobile Computer Supported Collaborative Learning [MCSCL]). The cost of the devices has hindered widespread use in schools, however, and cell phones have emerged as an attractive alternative.

Alejandro Echeverría; Miguel Nussbaum; Juan Felipe Calderón; Claudio Bravo; Cristián Infante; Andrea Vásquez

2009-01-01

181

Face-to-face collaborative learning supported by mobile phones  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of handheld computers in educational contexts has increased considerably in recent years and their value as a teaching tool has been confirmed by many positive experiences, particular within collaborative learning systems (Mobile Computer Supported Collaborative Learning [MCSCL]). The cost of the devices has hindered widespread use in schools, however, and cell phones have emerged as an attractive alternative.

Alejandro Echeverría; Miguel Nussbaum; Juan Felipe Calderón; Claudio Bravo; Cristián Infante; Andrea Vásquez

2011-01-01

182

A Framework for Assessing the Quality of Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality in a mobile learning system can be assessed both in terms of product quality and in terms of the quality of the learning experience. Though these do overlap in some respects, it is also the case that current quality metrics such as ISO\\/IEC 9126 do not address what might be regarded as the 'softer' aspects of quality. Research indicates

David Parsons; Hokyoung Ryu

183

Mobile Learning Initiative Year-End Report Boise State University  

E-print Network

effort involving faculty from across the institution with staff from Albertsons Library, the Center the work we've done in this first year. Susan Shadle, Director, Center for Teaching and Learning Dale Pike Library Max Davis-Johnson, AVP for Information Technology. Highlights from Year One of the Mobile Learning

Barrash, Warren

184

Mobile math: math educators and students engage in mobile learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The public and educational communities are aware of the continuing crisis in math education in our middle schools and the convergence of technologies for teaching and learning. This paper presents a case study in which iPod Touch? was used to help middle school students learn about algebraic equations and, in particular, the concept of slope, absolute value, and elimination. The

Teresa Franklin; Li-Wei Peng

2008-01-01

185

Review of Trends from Mobile Learning Studies: A Meta-Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two previous literature review-based studies have provided important insights into mobile learning, but the issue still needs to be examined from other directions such as the distribution of research purposes. This study takes a meta-analysis approach to systematically reviewing the literature, thus providing a more comprehensive analysis and…

Wu, Wen-Hsiung; Wu, Yen-Chun Jim; Chen, Chun-Yu; Kao, Hao-Yun; Lin, Che-Hung; Huang, Sih-Han

2012-01-01

186

Mobile Cloud Learning for Higher Education: A Case Study of Moodle in the Cloud  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile cloud learning, a combination of mobile learning and cloud computing, is a relatively new concept that holds considerable promise for future development and delivery in the education sectors. Cloud computing helps mobile learning overcome obstacles related to mobile computing. The main focus of this paper is to explore how cloud computing…

Wang, Minjuan; Chen, Yong; Khan, Muhammad Jahanzaib

2014-01-01

187

Mobile Learning: A Framework and Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wireless data communications in form of Short Message Service (SMS) and Wireless Access Protocols (WAP) browsers have gained global popularity, yet, not much has been done to extend the usage of these devices in electronic learning (e-learning). This project explores the extension of e-learning into wireless/handheld (W/H) computing devices with…

Motiwalla, Luvai F.

2007-01-01

188

Place, mobility, and faculty life: mindfulness and learning through change  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Academics move a lot. In this autoethnographic essay, I explore aspects of mobility, rootedness, mindfulness, and learning though my own story of leaving a place I loved for a new place I was drawn to, a place where I have begun the long and uncertain process of building new relationships of attachment. We lead mobile lives, even as we learn to appreciate the benefits of staying put to both people and land. Between rootedness and mobility lives a rich tension, termed "place-based transience". What do the experience of place and transience imply for our work as academics, as mindful human beings in the process of learning and becoming? The essay probes this question and concludes with a series of haiku—as an example of a particular "practice of place" I've found helpful for connecting me to my new homeplace, even as I question whether I'll stick around.

Greenwood, David A.

2015-03-01

189

Design and Evaluation of Two Blended Learning Approaches: Lessons Learned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we share two blended learning approaches used at the National Institute of Education in Singapore. We have been using these two approaches in the last twelve years in many courses ranging from the diploma to graduate programs. For the first blended learning approach, we integrated one asynchronous communication tool with face to…

Cheung, Wing Sum; Hew, Khe Foon

2011-01-01

190

Responses to Defense Cutbacks: The Worker Mobility Approach. Research and Evaluation Report Series 97-D.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Of the 19 projects conducted as part of the Defense Conversion Adjustment (DCA) Demonstration administered by the U.S. Department of Labor's Office of Work-Based Learning, 8 tested the worker mobility approach. The projects, which shared the common goal of helping dislocated defense workers find high-quality jobs, tested one or more of the…

Social Policy Research Associates, Menlo Park, CA.

191

Mobile Devices for Learning: What You Need to Know  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 10-page guide, produced by Edutopia, helps prepare teachers to use mobile devices to engage students and provides suggestions for teachers to help parents understand how mobile technology fits into their child's education. Along with app recommendations, the guide offers some analysis that looks at the positives, but also the challenges, of using mobile devices to support learning. The guide can be downloaded as an English or Spanish pdf. Also included are links to external resources (reports, websites, apps, articles, and web tools).

S. Jhoanna Robledo

2012-01-01

192

Alternative Learning Arenas - Pedagogical Challenges to Mobile Learning Technology in Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

ICT-implementation in education has mostly been aimed at enhancing learning informal arenas-the classroom. However, accepting that learning does not only forego in the formal learning arenas, it is proposed that mobile technology can be used as a bridge between the formal and informal learning arenas. The question is whether the bridge between school and other arenas open or closed-is there

Louise Mifsud

2002-01-01

193

Explore! possibilities and challenges of mobile learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the experimental studies we have performed to evaluate Explore!, an m-learning system that supports middle school students during a visit to an archaeological park. It exploits a learning technique called excursion-game, whose aim is to help students to acquire historical notions while playing and to make archaeological visits more effective and exciting. In order to understand the

Maria Francesca Costabile; Antonella De Angeli; Rosa Lanzilotti; Carmelo Ardito; Paolo Buono; Thomas Pederson

2008-01-01

194

On learning navigation behaviors for small mobile robots with reservoir computing architectures.  

PubMed

This paper proposes a general reservoir computing (RC) learning framework that can be used to learn navigation behaviors for mobile robots in simple and complex unknown partially observable environments. RC provides an efficient way to train recurrent neural networks by letting the recurrent part of the network (called reservoir) be fixed while only a linear readout output layer is trained. The proposed RC framework builds upon the notion of navigation attractor or behavior that can be embedded in the high-dimensional space of the reservoir after learning. The learning of multiple behaviors is possible because the dynamic robot behavior, consisting of a sensory-motor sequence, can be linearly discriminated in the high-dimensional nonlinear space of the dynamic reservoir. Three learning approaches for navigation behaviors are shown in this paper. The first approach learns multiple behaviors based on the examples of navigation behaviors generated by a supervisor, while the second approach learns goal-directed navigation behaviors based only on rewards. The third approach learns complex goal-directed behaviors, in a supervised way, using a hierarchical architecture whose internal predictions of contextual switches guide the sequence of basic navigation behaviors toward the goal. PMID:25794381

Antonelo, Eric Aislan; Schrauwen, Benjamin

2015-04-01

195

iLearning: The Future of Higher Education? Student Perceptions on Learning with Mobile Tablets  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growing use of mobile technology on college campuses suggests the future of the classroom, including learning activities, research, and even student faculty communications, will rely heavily on mobile technology. Since Fall 2010, an interdisciplinary team of faculty from Indiana University--Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) has…

Rossing, Jonathan P.; Miller, Willie M.; Cecil, Amanda K.; Stamper, Suzan E.

2012-01-01

196

Collaboration Factors and Quality of Learning Experience on Interactive Mobile Assisted Social E-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study (n = 52) examined mobile assisted in-class course using collaborative learning theories over an 18-week semester in a college level course. A self-evaluation survey containing 50 closed-ended items with two open-ended questions about participants' collaboration experience through the mobile techs was conducted during the last week…

Wang, Shengmei

2014-01-01

197

A Mobile Live Video Learning System for Large-Scale Learning—System Design and Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In China, the number of university students has quadrupled in only six years. How can technology support the access to education of these and future students? In this paper, we describe the mobile live video learning system developed at the Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Motivated by the observation that in developing countries, mobile phones have a much higher penetration rate

Carsten Ullrich; Ruimin Shen; Ren Tong; Xiaohong Tan

2010-01-01

198

Mobile Atmospheric Sensing using Vision Approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Air quality monitoring, especially the atmospheric phenomenon of thick haze, has been an acute problem in most countries and a hot topic in the atmospheric sensing. Recently thick haze occurs more frequently in most cities of China due to the rapid growth of traffic, farming, wildfires, and industrial development. It forms a low-hanging shroud that impairs visibility and becomes a respiratory health threat. Traditionally the dust, smoke, and other particles in relatively dry sky are reported at fixed meteorological stations. The coverage of these sampling stations is limited and cannot accommodate with the emergent incidence of thick haze from industrial pollution. In addition, the visual effect of thick haze is not yet investigated in the current practice. Thick haze appears colorful veil (e.g., yellowish, brownish-grey, etc) in video log images and results in a loss of contrast in the subject due to the light scattering through haze particles. This paper proposes an intuitive and mobile atmospheric sensing using vision approach. Based on the video log images collected by a mobile sensing vehicle, a Haze Veil Index (HVI) is proposed to identify the type and severity level of thick haze from the color and texture perspective. HVI characterizes the overall veil effect of haze spatially. HVI first identifies the haze color from the color deviation histogram of the white-balanced hazy image. The white-balancing is conducted with the most haze-opaque pixels in the dark channel and seed growing strategy. Then pixel-wise haze severity level of atmospheric veil is inferred by approximating the upper veil limit with the dark color of each pixel in a hazy image. The proposed method is tested on a diverse set of actual hazy video log images under varying atmospheric conditions and backgrounds in Wuhan City, China. Experimental results show the proposed HVI is effective for visually atmospheric sensing. The proposed method is promising for haze monitoring and prediction in UAV and satellite remote-sensing images.

Huang, Yuchun; Cui, Weihong; Rui, Yi

2014-03-01

199

The Add-On Impact of Mobile Applications in Learning Strategies: A Review Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile devices are more powerful and portable nowadays with plenty of useful tools for assisting people to handle daily life. With the advance of mobile technology, the issue of mobile learning has been widely investigated in e-learning research. Many researches consider it is important to integrate pedagogical and technical strengths of mobile

Jeng, Yu-Lin; Wu, Ting-Ting; Huang, Yueh-Min; Tan, Qing; Yang, Stephen J. H.

2010-01-01

200

Mobile Learning Projects--A Critical Analysis of the State of the Art  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a critical analysis of Mobile Learning projects published before the end of 2007. The review uses a Mobile Learning framework to evaluate and categorize 102 Mobile Learning projects, and to briefly introduce exemplary projects for each category. All projects were analysed with the criteria: context, tools, control,…

Frohberg, D.; Goth, C.; Schwabe, G.

2009-01-01

201

Using RSS to Support Mobile Learning Based on Media Richness Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the rapid development of mobile technologies, mobile learning has become a new trend in education. A better understanding of how to effectively use communication technologies to improve mobile learning is important. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the media richness of various message delivery methods in the proposed m-learning

Lan, Yu-Feng; Sie, Yang-Siang

2010-01-01

202

Effects of Short-Term Memory and Content Representation Type on Mobile Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Due to the rapid advancements in mobile communication and wireless technologies, many researchers and educators have started to believe that these emerging technologies can be leveraged to support formal and informal learning opportunities. Mobile language learning can be effectively implemented by delivering learning content through mobile

Chen, Nian-Shing; Hsieh, Sheng-Wen; Kinshuk

2008-01-01

203

An Overview of Mobile Assisted Language Learning: From Content Delivery to Supported Collaboration and Interaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning is undergoing rapid evolution. While early generations of mobile learning tended to propose activities that were carefully crafted by educators and technologists, learners are increasingly motivated by their personal learning needs, including those arising from greater mobility and frequent travel. At the same time, it is often…

Kukulska-Hulme, Agnes; Shield, Lesley

2008-01-01

204

Development of a mobile learning framework for an analog electronics course  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the growing popularity of mobile devices, several projects for mobile learning courses have been developed. Those equipments allow a superior portability and accessibility of the learning courses. In this context, the present paper focuses on the development of a mobile learning framework for an analog electronics course. This course was designed as a supplementary mean to the classic analog

Rui Neves Madeira; V. Fernăo Pires; O. P. Dias; J. F. Martins

2010-01-01

205

The Use of Mobile Games in Formal and Informal Learning Environments: A Review of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our purpose in this paper is to review studies that explored the impact of the use of mobile games in both formal and informal learning environments. Through a review of studies on mobile learning that have been published between 2000 and 2013, we aim to identify the ways in which researchers used mobile games in a variety of learning

Koutromanos, George; Avraamidou, Lucy

2014-01-01

206

Meta-Analyses from a Collaborative Project in Mobile Lifelong Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the use of mobile technologies in relation to the aims of the European Union's Lifelong Learning programme. First, we explain the background to the notion of mobile lifelong learning. We then present a methodological framework to analyse and identify good practices in mobile lifelong learning, based on the outcomes of the…

Arrigo, Marco; Kukulska-Hulme, Agnes; Arnedillo-Sanchez, Inmaculada; Kismihok, Gabor

2013-01-01

207

Mobile Learning Perceptions of the Prospective Teachers (Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Sampling)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research is to analyze mobile learning perceptions and mobile learning levels of the prospective teachers at a university in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus according to their departments and gender. The research consists of 355 prospective teachers studying at a private university. The "Mobile Learning Perception Scale" was…

Serin, Oguz

2012-01-01

208

Elucidating user behavior of mobile learning: A perspective of the extended technology acceptance model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to propose and verify that the technology acceptance model (TAM) can be employed to explain and predict the acceptance of mobile learning (M-learning); an activity in which users access learning material with their mobile devices. The study identifies two factors that account for individual differences, i.e. perceived enjoyment (PE) and perceived mobility

Jen-hung Huang; Yu-ru Lin; Shu-ting Chuang

2007-01-01

209

A Contest-Oriented Project for Learning Intelligent Mobile Robots  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A contest-oriented project for undergraduate students to learn implementation skills and theories related to intelligent mobile robots is presented in this paper. The project, related to Micromouse, Robotrace (Robotrace is the title of Taiwanese and Japanese robot races), and line-maze contests was developed by the embedded control system research…

Huang, Hsin-Hsiung; Su, Juing-Huei; Lee, Chyi-Shyong

2013-01-01

210

Go Math! How Research Anchors New Mobile Learning Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

A reciprocal research and design process (RR & D) became central to the development of mobile learning environments for families. Go Math! applications were developed to support families in the situations they face in their daily activities where problem solving involves mathematics. The RR & D process is effective for synthesizing design and development choices with consideration of the results

A. Alexander; K. P. Blair; S. Goldman; O. Jimenez; M. Nakaue; R. Pea; A. Russell

2010-01-01

211

Motivation Matters in Mobile Language Learning: A Brief Commentary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As highlighted in the original call for papers for this special issue, learning with mobile technologies is currently a rapidly developing area of interest for researchers, teachers, materials writers and app developers in the educational field, not least within language education. Yet to what extent is this growing interest realised and shared by…

Ushioda, Ema

2013-01-01

212

Teaching Science with Mobile Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (MCSCL)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effectively incorporating technology into the classroom is a great challenge faced by schools today. In this article, we propose a mobile computer supported collaborative learning (MCSCL) system to support high school teachers with wirelessly networked handheld computers. This system promotes student collaboration and constructivism, without losing face-to-face contact. The MCSCL system was tested during a five week experience in a

Camila Cortez; Miguel Nussbaum; Raúl A. Santelices; Patricio Rodríguez; Gustavo Zurita; Mónica Correa; Rafael Cautivo

2004-01-01

213

TIO a Software Toolset for Mobile Learning in MINT Disciplines  

E-print Network

, MINT, single-source publication, social me- dia Key terms. KnowledgeEvolution, Knowledge mobile devices such as note- books, E-books, handhelds, PDAs, smartphones, tablet PCs, iPads, i, and what are the benefits and disadvantages of teaching MINT subjects by means of M-learning in general

Zachmann, Gabriel

214

Reexamining the Effectiveness of Vocabulary Learning via Mobile Phones  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to reexamine the effectiveness of vocabulary learning via mobile phones. Students (N=78) from two intact classes of sophomores at a Chinese university were assigned to two groups: the SMS group (the experimental group) and the paper group (the control group). Then, they were administered a pretest to identify the level…

Zhang, Haisen; Song, Wei; Burston, Jack

2011-01-01

215

Ubiquitous Mobile Knowledge Construction in Collaborative Learning Environments  

PubMed Central

Knowledge management is a critical activity for any organization. It has been said to be a differentiating factor and an important source of competitiveness if this knowledge is constructed and shared among its members, thus creating a learning organization. Knowledge construction is critical for any collaborative organizational learning environment. Nowadays workers must perform knowledge creation tasks while in motion, not just in static physical locations; therefore it is also required that knowledge construction activities be performed in ubiquitous scenarios, and supported by mobile and pervasive computational systems. These knowledge creation systems should help people in or outside organizations convert their tacit knowledge into explicit knowledge, thus supporting the knowledge construction process. Therefore in our understanding, we consider highly relevant that undergraduate university students learn about the knowledge construction process supported by mobile and ubiquitous computing. This has been a little explored issue in this field. This paper presents the design, implementation, and an evaluation of a system called MCKC for Mobile Collaborative Knowledge Construction, supporting collaborative face-to-face tacit knowledge construction and sharing in ubiquitous scenarios. The MCKC system can be used by undergraduate students to learn how to construct knowledge, allowing them anytime and anywhere to create, make explicit and share their knowledge with their co-learners, using visual metaphors, gestures and sketches to implement the human-computer interface of mobile devices (PDAs). PMID:22969333

Baloian, Nelson; Zurita, Gustavo

2012-01-01

216

Application of Mobile Agents in Web-Based Learning Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Web-based learning environments are strongly driven by the information revolution and the Internet, but they have a number of common deficiencies, such as slow access, no adaptivity to the individual student, limitation by bandwidth, and more. This paper outlines the benefits of mobile agents technology, and describes its application in Web-based…

Hong Hong, Kinshuk; He, Xiaoqin; Patel, Ashok; Jesshope, Chris

217

Learning behavioural patterns in a mobile context using smartphones  

E-print Network

Learning behavioural patterns in a mobile context using smartphones Jakub Ratajczak Kongens Lyngby based on the audio data collected by the smartphone devices. The system allows to detect whether two data recorded by the smartphone's built-in microphone as a source of information to analyze. Smartphone

218

Structural Identification and Comparison of Intelligent Mobile Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper proposes a methodology using graph theory, matrix algebra and permanent function to compare different architecture (structure) design of intelligent mobile learning environment. The current work deals with the development/selection of optimum architecture (structural) model of iMLE. This can be done using the criterion as discussed in…

Upadhyay, Nitin; Agarwal, Vishnu Prakash

2007-01-01

219

Machine learning techniques for energy optimization in mobile embedded systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mobile smartphones and other portable battery operated embedded systems (PDAs, tablets) are pervasive computing devices that have emerged in recent years as essential instruments for communication, business, and social interactions. While performance, capabilities, and design are all important considerations when purchasing a mobile device, a long battery lifetime is one of the most desirable attributes. Battery technology and capacity has improved over the years, but it still cannot keep pace with the power consumption demands of today's mobile devices. This key limiter has led to a strong research emphasis on extending battery lifetime by minimizing energy consumption, primarily using software optimizations. This thesis presents two strategies that attempt to optimize mobile device energy consumption with negligible impact on user perception and quality of service (QoS). The first strategy proposes an application and user interaction aware middleware framework that takes advantage of user idle time between interaction events of the foreground application to optimize CPU and screen backlight energy consumption. The framework dynamically classifies mobile device applications based on their received interaction patterns, then invokes a number of different power management algorithms to adjust processor frequency and screen backlight levels accordingly. The second strategy proposes the usage of machine learning techniques to learn a user's mobile device usage pattern pertaining to spatiotemporal and device contexts, and then predict energy-optimal data and location interface configurations. By learning where and when a mobile device user uses certain power-hungry interfaces (3G, WiFi, and GPS), the techniques, which include variants of linear discriminant analysis, linear logistic regression, non-linear logistic regression, and k-nearest neighbor, are able to dynamically turn off unnecessary interfaces at runtime in order to save energy.

Donohoo, Brad Kyoshi

220

A Mobile Computing Approach for Navigation Purposes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mobile computing technology has been rapidly increased in the past decade; however there still exist some important constraints\\u000a which complicate the use of mobile information systems. The limited resources on the mobile computing would restrict some\\u000a features that are available on the traditional computing technology. In almost all previous works it is assumed that the moving\\u000a object cruises within

Mohammad Reza Malek; Andrew U. Frank

2006-01-01

221

Using smart mobile devices in social-network-based health education practice: a learning behavior analysis.  

PubMed

Virtual communities provide numerous resources, immediate feedback, and information sharing, enabling people to rapidly acquire information and knowledge and supporting diverse applications that facilitate interpersonal interactions, communication, and sharing. Moreover, incorporating highly mobile and convenient devices into practice-based courses can be advantageous in learning situations. Therefore, in this study, a tablet PC and Google+ were introduced to a health education practice course to elucidate satisfaction of learning module and conditions and analyze the sequence and frequency of learning behaviors during the social-network-based learning process. According to the analytical results, social networks can improve interaction among peers and between educators and students, particularly when these networks are used to search for data, post articles, engage in discussions, and communicate. In addition, most nursing students and nursing educators expressed a positive attitude and satisfaction toward these innovative teaching methods, and looked forward to continuing the use of this learning approach. PMID:24568697

Wu, Ting-Ting

2014-06-01

222

Novices' perceptions and experiences of a mobile social learning environment for learning of programming  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we report programming novices' perceptions and experiences of a Mobile Social Learning Environment (MSLE) designed to support the learning of programming through enabling increased novice-to-novice interactions. By capturing and analysing such interactions early it is hoped that instructors may identify misunderstandings and misconceptions of novice programmers, and provide timely feedback to alleviate novices' misunderstandings. The MSLE incorporates

Mercy Maleko; Margaret Hamilton; Daryl D'Souza

2012-01-01

223

Project Management Approaches for Online Learning Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developments in online learning and its design are areas that continue to grow in order to enhance students' learning environments and experiences. However, in the implementation of new technologies, the importance of properly and fairly overseeing these courses is often undervalued. "Project Management Approaches for Online Learning Design"…

Eby, Gulsun; Yuzer, T. Volkan

2013-01-01

224

Design approaches in technology enhanced learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design is a critical to the successful development of any interactive learning environment (ILE). Moreover, in technology enhanced learning (TEL), the design process requires input from many diverse areas of expertise. As such, anyone undertaking tool development is required to directly address the design challenge from multiple perspectives. We provide a motivation and rationale for design approaches for learning technologies

Yishay Mor; Niall Winters

2006-01-01

225

Deployment of Mobile Learning Course Materials to Android Powered Mobile Devices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this article is to facilitate mobile teaching and learning by providing an alternative course material deployment method. This article suggests a course material deployment platform for small universities or individual instructors. Different from traditional course material deployment methods, the method discussed deploys course…

Chao, Lee

2012-01-01

226

THE MOBO CITY: A MOBILE GAME PACKAGE FOR TECHNICAL LANGUAGE LEARNING The MOBO City: A Mobile Game Package for  

E-print Network

errors. Index Terms--Mobile learning, Educational games, Language learning, Vocabulary learning I tied to the task at hand. A detailed analysis of game playing and digital games for education has been provided in references [5] and [6]. Game-based learning has being proposed for Higher Education to motivate

Grout, Vic

227

Investigating the Roles of Perceived Playfulness, Resistance to Change and Self-Management of Learning in Mobile English Learning Outcome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although there is a growing interest in mobile learning, there are limited studies that focus on student knowledge acquisition. As applications and usages of mobile technology have become more and more accepted, it is important and meaningful that researchers and practitioners of mobile learning understand the potential factors that could…

Huang, Rui-Ting; Jang, Syh-Jong; Machtmes, Krisanna; Deggs, David

2012-01-01

228

Sortko: Learning Sorting Algorithms with Mobile Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present a semester-long study on using smart phone devices in computer science engineering education. We developed Sortko, an Android smart phone application, which helps students in learning sorting algorithms, an important undergraduate computer science topic. The application consists of four main components - the module for interactive sorting, the scaffolding module, the motivational module and the

Ivica Boticki; Ante Barisic; Sergio Martin; Neven Drljevic

2012-01-01

229

Learning Messages Notification System to Mobile Devices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The work presents a new method to send educational messages in e-learning systems. The communication tools are one of the main characteristics of the virtual formative actions, in addition of the contents and the evaluation. The system must help to motivate the students, mainly those who do not leave the formative action and continue it until the…

Jimenez, M. Lourdes

2005-01-01

230

Mobile apps and the approaching zombie apocalypse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mobile handset (and now tablet) market is coming a tangled mess, with strong advocates for device specific applications on the one hand and strong web standards within the browser on the other. This talk will reflect a bit on the history of mobile applications, focusing on the user issues involved in this debate. This is critical as too often

Scott Jensen

2010-01-01

231

Structuring and Regulating Collaborative Learning in Higher Education with Wireless Networks and Mobile Tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

In our recent research we have explored possibilities to scaffold collaborative learning in higher education with wireless networks and mobile tools. The pedagogical ideas are grounded on concepts of collaborative learning, including the socially shared origin of cognition, as well as self-regulated learning theory. This paper presents our three design experiments on mobile, handheld supported collaborative learning. All experiments are

Sanna Järvelä; Piia Näykki; Jari Laru; Tiina Luokkanen

2007-01-01

232

New Trends on Mobile Learning in the Light of Recent Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the beginning of the century, with the introduction of mobile devices, use of the concept of mobile learning, became frequent, along with e-learning, m-learning, concept began to come on the agenda. It can be said that determining in what proportion and in which axis m-learning concept discussed in the literature would be important for…

Korkmaz, Özgen

2015-01-01

233

Mobile learning for HIV\\/AIDS healthcare worker training in resource-limited settings  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: We present an innovative approach to healthcare worker (HCW) training using mobile phones as a personal learning environment. Twenty physicians used individual Smartphones (Nokia N95 and iPhone), each equipped with a portable solar charger. Doctors worked in urban and peri-urban HIV\\/AIDS clinics in Peru, where almost 70% of the nation's HIV patients in need are on treatment. A set

Maria Zolfo; David Iglesias; Carlos Kiyan; Juan Echevarria; Luis Fucay; Ellar Llacsahuanga; Inge de Waard; Victor Suŕrez; Walter Castillo Llaque; Lutgarde Lynen

2010-01-01

234

Mobile Studio Experience of Experiential Learning in Electrical Engineering Class  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

All core courses in Electrical and Computer Engineering at Howard University and, at certain extent, in most engineering and science disciplines everywhere, are each taught by a combination of lecture and laboratory. The idea behind the lecture-lab combination is to help bridge the gap between the classroom knowledge of theory and the practical aspect in real world. The good idea, however, has failed to produce the necessary practice and intended result. Lecture and lab are seldom taught in the same class and, therefore, different topics are covered in two separate classes. Often, lecture and lab are taught by different instructors. Consequently, the intended learning reinforcement by active experimentation of lectured abstract concept is not realized. Theories and applications have been divided; simulations and implementations, alienated. Great is the need of lecture/lab hybrid class that unifies two components together, and equally high is the demand of experiential learning in which introduction of theories and their experiences are instant and dynamic. Behind this persistent disunity between lecture and lab, there is a practical reason: the daunting task of bringing lab into class. Traditional labs are equipped with workbenches and expensive bulky instruments. Technology development and miniaturized packaging, however, enabled to produce palm-sized instrumentation interface boards which can replace most of the Electrical Engineering lab equipment and thus can bring lab into class. A computer with the interface can become a portable lab or Mobile Studio. Mobile Studio is philosophy and pedagogy which intends to bring laboratory into classroom with a mobile, portable set of computer and scope software provided with similar functionality to that of the traditional laboratory equipment. The Mobile Studio enables the experiential learning for students in classroom through instant experimentation and verification of the classroom knowledge by producing waveforms, measuring and recording signals, and analyzing recorded data. The Mobile Studio class at Howard University made a great impact in learning enhancement of for the students.

Chouikha, Mohamed

235

Creating a Powerful Learning Environment with Networked Mobile Learning Devices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highly mobile devices can make important information available to teachers in real-time, anywhere in the classroom, and in the form of easy-to-read graphical displays that support classroom decision making. By supporting such important teaching activities, we can create a high-performance classroom that supports teachers and the art of teaching,…

Crawford, Valerie M.

2007-01-01

236

Mobile Learning: Geocaching to Learn about Energy Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The children of "Generation Z"--today's American teens--are digital natives (Prensky, 2001) who have come to expect high-speed Internet service, high-resolution multimedia, and instant communication using wireless mobile technology. Teen ownership of digital devices is at a new high according to national surveys. School…

Rose, Mary Annette; Gosman, Derek; Shoemaker, Korbin

2014-01-01

237

A Renaissance of Audio: Podcasting Approaches for Learning on Campus and Beyond  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we urge practitioners to consider the potential of podcasting for teaching, learning and assessment. Our perspective is drawn from research on IMPALA (Informal Mobile Podcasting And Learning Adaptation), which showed that there is a range of successful podcasting approaches for students on campus. After briefly surveying the…

Edirisingha, Palitha; Hawkridge, David; Fothergill, John

2010-01-01

238

Human-Centered Approach Evaluating Mobile Sign Language Video Communication  

E-print Network

they communicate in sign language. American Sign Language (ASL) is signed in the United States (U research contributes to the MobileASL (American Sign Language) project [9] by applying electricalHuman-Centered Approach Evaluating Mobile Sign Language Video Communication Jessica J. Tran1 , Eve

Wobbrock, Jacob O.

239

A Mobile Visual Analytics Approach for Law Enforcement Situation Awareness  

E-print Network

A Mobile Visual Analytics Approach for Law Enforcement Situation Awareness Ahmad M. M. Razip, Abish enforcement agencies with effective situation awareness and risk assessment tools. Our system provides users of the system and some initial feedback. Keywords: Mobile visual analytics, situation awareness, public safety

Maciejewski, Ross

240

Managing Processes on Mobile Devices: The MARPLE Approach  

E-print Network

Managing Processes on Mobile Devices: The MARPLE Approach R¨udiger Pryss, Julian Tiedeken. In the MARPLE project we target at a tight integration of process management technol- ogy with mobile computing and Manfred Reichert Institute for Databases and Information Systems, Ulm University, Germany {ruediger

Ulm, Universität

241

The Effects of Mobile Natural-Science Learning Based on the 5E Learning Cycle: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study has three major purposes, including designing mobile natural-science learning activities that rest on the 5E Learning Cycle, examining the effects of these learning activities on students' performances of learning aquatic plants, and exploring students' perceptions toward these learning activities. A case-study method is utilized and…

Liu, Tzu-Chien; Peng, Hsinyi; Wu, Wen-Hsuan; Lin, Ming-Sheng

2009-01-01

242

A group communication approach for mobile computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes the design and implementation of a set of tools, called MobileChannel, for use with the Isis system. A simple scheme to support user mobility-switching a control point between replicated servers-provides a uniform mechanism to handle both client migrations and server failures. The hands-off mechanism is simplified by integrating a FIFO channel implementation into the server replication mechanism. Our scheme

K. Cho; K. P. Birmans

1994-01-01

243

Beyond adaptive-critic creative learning for intelligent mobile robots  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Intelligent industrial and mobile robots may be considered proven technology in structured environments. Teach programming and supervised learning methods permit solutions to a variety of applications. However, we believe that to extend the operation of these machines to more unstructured environments requires a new learning method. Both unsupervised learning and reinforcement learning are potential candidates for these new tasks. The adaptive critic method has been shown to provide useful approximations or even optimal control policies to non-linear systems. The purpose of this paper is to explore the use of new learning methods that goes beyond the adaptive critic method for unstructured environments. The adaptive critic is a form of reinforcement learning. A critic element provides only high level grading corrections to a cognition module that controls the action module. In the proposed system the critic's grades are modeled and forecasted, so that an anticipated set of sub-grades are available to the cognition model. The forecasting grades are interpolated and are available on the time scale needed by the action model. The success of the system is highly dependent on the accuracy of the forecasted grades and adaptability of the action module. Examples from the guidance of a mobile robot are provided to illustrate the method for simple line following and for the more complex navigation and control in an unstructured environment. The theory presented that is beyond the adaptive critic may be called creative theory. Creative theory is a form of learning that models the highest level of human learning - imagination. The application of the creative theory appears to not only be to mobile robots but also to many other forms of human endeavor such as educational learning and business forecasting. Reinforcement learning such as the adaptive critic may be applied to known problems to aid in the discovery of their solutions. The significance of creative theory is that it permits the discovery of the unknown problems, ones that are not yet recognized but may be critical to survival or success.

Liao, Xiaoqun; Cao, Ming; Hall, Ernest L.

2001-10-01

244

Ubiquitous Mobility with Mobile Phones: A Cultural Ecology for Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues that mobile phones should be viewed as new cultural resources that operate within an individualized, mobile and convergent mass communication; such a recognition facilitates the options for a cultural ecology. A particular challenge here is to find adequate curricular functions in school where the inclusion of these new…

Cook, John; Pachler, Norbert; Bachmair, Ben

2011-01-01

245

Accelerated learning approaches for maintenance training  

SciTech Connect

As a training tool, Accelerated Learning techniques have been in use since 1956. Trainers from a variety of applications and disciplines have found success in using Accelerated Learning approaches, such as training aids, positive affirmations, memory aids, room arrangement, color patterns, and music. Some have thought that maintenance training and Accelerated Learning have nothing in common. Recent training applications by industry and education of Accelerated Learning are proving very successful by several standards. This paper cites available resource examples and challenges maintenance trainers to adopt new ideas and concepts to accelerate learning in all training setting. 7 refs.

Erickson, E.J.

1991-01-01

246

Learning Metric-Topological Maps for Indoor Mobile Robot Navigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Autonomous robots must be able to learn and maintain models of their environments. Research on mobile robot navigation has produced two major paradigms for mapping indoor environments: grid-based and topological. While grid-based methods produce accurate metric maps, their complexity often prohibits efficient planning and problem solving in large-scale indoor environments. Topological maps, on the other hand, can be used much

Sebastian Thrun

1998-01-01

247

A Flexible Mobile Education System Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distance learning is appealing to small business owners, employees, municipalities, state establishments, non-governmental organizations. Distance-learning are ideal for people who have a full-time job or other commitments, who can't take time off to study full time. This might be a professional who needs to update his knowledge or skills, or a…

Baloglu, Arzu

2007-01-01

248

Toward Interactive Mobile Synchronous Learning Environment with Context-Awareness Service  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile synchronous learning is a new challenge in the e-learning domain. While popular mobile communication devices, such as cell phones, cannot directly accommodate traditional synchronous content due to the major limitation of display size, other constraints also restrict convenient interactions while using mobile devices in a synchronous…

Huang, Yueh-Min; Kuo, Yen-Hung; Lin, Yen-Ting; Cheng, Shu-Chen

2008-01-01

249

The Pitfalls of Mobile Devices in Learning: A Different View and Implications for Pedagogical Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies have been devoted to the design, implementation, and evaluation of mobile learning in practice. A common issue among students' responses toward this type of learning concerns the pitfalls of mobile devices, including small screen, limited input options, and low computational power. As a result, mobile devices are not always perceived by…

Ting, Yu-Liang

2012-01-01

250

Mobile Devices: Toys or Learning Tools for the 21st Century Teenagers?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning is interwoven in daily life and so it can be take place at anytime and anywhere by using mobile device. In the 21st century, mobile devices have become ubiquitous, affordable and accessible for the teenagers. The teenagers have the opportunity to perform the learning activities by using the mobile devices. However, what are they used…

Kee, Ch'ng Lay; Samsudin, Zarina

2014-01-01

251

Mobile Learning Initiative Summary of Accomplishments February 1, 2012-June 30, 2012  

E-print Network

for desktop capture. 6. Started development and delivered prototypes for mobile apps for testingMobile Learning Initiative Summary of Accomplishments February 1, 2012-June 30, 2012 1. Assessment survey of Mobile Learning sent to faculty and students. Preliminary results compiled. 2. Master

Barrash, Warren

252

Exploring the Use of Electronic Mobile Technologies among Distance Learners in Rural Communities for Safe and Disruptive Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several studies indicated the potential of electronic mobile technologies in reaching (safe learning) under-served communities and engaging (disruptive learning) disadvantaged peoples affording them learning experiences. However, the potential benefits of (electronic mobile learning) e-mobile learning have not been well understood from the…

Ntloedibe-Kuswani, Gomang Seratwa

2013-01-01

253

The use of a mobile assistant learning system for health education based on project-based learning.  

PubMed

With the development of mobile devices and wireless technology, mobile technology has gradually infiltrated nursing practice courses to facilitate instruction. Mobile devices save manpower and reduce errors while enhancing nursing students' professional knowledge and skills. To achieve teaching objectives and address the drawbacks of traditional education, this study presents a mobile assistant learning system to help nursing students prepare health education materials. The proposed system is based on a project-based learning strategy to assist nursing students with internalizing professional knowledge and developing critical thinking skills. Experimental results show that the proposed mobile system and project-based learning strategy can promote learning effectiveness and efficiency. Most nursing students and nursing educators showed positive attitudes toward this mobile learning system and looked forward to using it again in related courses in the future. PMID:25140444

Wu, Ting-Ting

2014-10-01

254

Cooperatively Learning Mobile Agents for Gradient Climbing Jongeun Choi, Songhwai Oh and Roberto Horowitz  

E-print Network

Cooperatively Learning Mobile Agents for Gradient Climbing Jongeun Choi, Songhwai Oh and Roberto of sensor networks and mobile sensing agents. Emerging technologies have been reported on coordination of mobile sensing agents [1], [2], [3], [4], [5]. Mobile sensing agents form an ad-hoc wireless

Choi, Jongeun

255

Mobile Learning Environment with Short Messaging Service: Application to a Campus Environment in a Developing Country  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss how to integrate secure, open-source and mobile-based system with the Moodle learning management system (MLMS) then describe the implementation of a campus-wide mobile learning environment with short messaging system (SMS) and how this platform is incorporated with the student's learning

Premadasa, H. K. Salinda; Meegama, R. Gayan N.

2013-01-01

256

Is Mobile Learning the Future of 21st Century Education? Educational Considerations from Various Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the key trends currently affecting the practices of teaching, learning, and creative inquiry, as mentioned in "The 2011 Horizon Report," is that learners prefer flexibility and mobility. Mobile learning is gaining popularity as an emerging trend facilitating the process of teaching and learning in the 21st Century. Research indicates…

Lahiri, Minakshi; Moseley, James L.

2012-01-01

257

Ubiquitous Knowledge Construction: Mobile Learning Re-Defined and a Conceptual Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emerging from recent mobile technologies, mobile learning, or m-learning, is beginning to offer "stunning new technical capabilities" in education (DiGiano et al., 2003). This new genre of learning is viewed as a revolutionary stage in educational technology. However, ubiquitous computing technologies have given rise to several issues. This…

Peng, Hsinyi; Su, Yi-Ju; Chou, Chien; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2009-01-01

258

Developing and Implementing a Framework of Participatory Simulation for Mobile Learning Using Scaffolding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper proposes a conceptual framework, scaffolding participatory simulation for mobile learning (SPSML), used on mobile devices for helping students learn conceptual knowledge in the classroom. As the pedagogical design, the framework adopts an experiential learning model, which consists of five sequential but cyclic steps: the initial stage,…

Yin, Chengjiu; Song, Yanjie; Tabata, Yoshiyuki; Ogata, Hiroaki; Hwang, Gwo-Jen

2013-01-01

259

To Flow and Not to Freeze: Applying Flow Experience to Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

A key design goal of mobile learning is that its built-in experiences are enjoyable and proactive, empowering the learner with the knowledge and ability to self-manage. This implies that the benefits and critical success factors of mobile learning activities should not simply be based only on learning performance, but also on learners' experiences so that we can assess the added

Jungho Park; David Parsons; Hokyoung Ryu

2010-01-01

260

Integration of a Mobile-Integrated Therapy with Electronic Health Records: Lessons Learned  

PubMed Central

Background: Responses to the chronic disease epidemic have predominantly been standardized in their approach to date. Barriers to better health outcomes remain, and effective management requires patient-specific data and disease state knowledge be presented in methods that foster clinical decision-making and patient self-management. Mobile technology provides a new platform for data collection and patient–provider communication. The mobile device represents a personalized platform that is available to the patient on a 24/7 basis. Mobile-integrated therapy (MIT) is the convergence of mobile technology, clinical and behavioral science, and scientifically validated clinical outcomes. In this article, we highlight the lessons learned from functional integration of a Food and Drug Administration-cleared type 2 diabetes MIT into the electronic health record (EHR) of a multiphysician practice within a large, urban, academic medical center. Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with integration stakeholder groups: mobile and EHR software and information technology teams, clinical end users, project managers, and business analysts. Interviews were summarized and categorized into lessons learned using the Architecture for Integrated Mobility® framework. Results: Findings from the diverse stakeholder group of a MIT–EHR integration project indicate that user workflow, software system persistence, environment configuration, device connectivity and security, organizational processes, and data exchange heuristics are key issues that must be addressed. Conclusions: Mobile-integrated therapy that integrates patient self-management data with medical record data provides the opportunity to understand the potential benefits of bidirectional data sharing and reporting that are most valuable in advancing better health and better care in a cost-effective way that is scalable for all chronic diseases. PMID:23759392

Peeples, Malinda M.; Iyer, Anand K.; Cohen, Joshua L.

2013-01-01

261

An approach to elemental task learning  

SciTech Connect

In this article we deal with the automated learning of tasks by a robotic system through observation of a human operator. Particularly, we explain what is meant by a learning ability in autonomous robots and in teleoperation systems, where several operators and several machines may work in cooperation to perform tasks. We discuss different approaches to learning in these systems and outline the features of the models they are based upon. This leads us to choose an analytical model suited for tasks analysis. We then present the software architecture for our proposed approach and show the first results obtained on sample tests. 5 refs., 9 figs.

Belmans, P

1990-01-01

262

An Approach to Socially Compliant Leader Following for Mobile Robots  

E-print Network

An Approach to Socially Compliant Leader Following for Mobile Robots Markus Kuderer and Wolfram pedestrians. Most of these approaches use local control methods to keep the robot at the desired position of this inter- active behavior is able to fulfill its task in a socially compliant way, i.e., in a way that does

Teschner, Matthias

263

Combining associative learning and nonassociative learning to achieve robust reactive navigation in mobile robots  

E-print Network

in mobile robots Carolina Chang cchang@ldc.usb.ve Grupo de Inteligencia Artificial, Departamento de 1080, Venezuela www.ldc.usb.ve/â?ťcchang Abstract We present a neural network that learns to control. For example, a pigeon can be trained to peck at an illuminated key in order to receive a small food reward

Chang, Carolina

264

Literature on the safe and disruptive learning potential of mobile technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Worldwide growth in use of mobile phones has fostered the emergence of mobile learning. Mobile technologies are used both in classrooms to support instruction (safe) and as tools that significantly change instructional activities, learner roles, and learning location (disruptive). Learners become less consumers of information and more collaborators, researchers, and publishers on?the?go (Stead, 2006). Scholarship in m?learning is scarce and

Tiffany A. Koszalka

2010-01-01

265

Learning Centers: A Personalized Approach to Mainstreaming.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The manual provides information about using learning centers in mainstreamed home economics classrooms. The initial chapter introduces the rationale for the approach and presents a three-stage model depicting an integrational approach to mainstreaming. Chapter 2 outlines typical characteristics and recommendations for accommodating students with…

Babich, Betsy; Thompson, Cecelia

266

Education in the wild: contextual and location-based mobile learning in action  

E-print Network

the cognitive, social and cultural aspects of learning and to design innovative technologies and environments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 Informal learning with mobile and social technologies: frameworks for analysis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Towards the use of Smartphones for the contextualized teaching of mathematics. . . . . . . . . 13

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

267

Lessons Learned From 104 Years of Mobile Observatories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As the oceanographic community ventures into a new era of integrated observatories, it may be helpful to look back on the era of "mobile observatories" to see what Cyberinfrastructure lessons might be learned. For example, SIO has been operating research vessels for 104 years, supporting a wide range of disciplines: marine geology and geophysics, physical oceanography, geochemistry, biology, seismology, ecology, fisheries, and acoustics. In the last 6 years progress has been made with diverse data types, formats and media, resulting in a fully-searchable online SIOExplorer Digital Library of more than 800 cruises (http://SIOExplorer.ucsd.edu). Public access to SIOExplorer is considerable, with 795,351 files (206 GB) downloaded last year. During the last 3 years the efforts have been extended to WHOI, with a "Multi-Institution Testbed for Scalable Digital Archiving" funded by the Library of Congress and NSF (IIS 0455998). The project has created a prototype digital library of data from both institutions, including cruises, Alvin submersible dives, and ROVs. In the process, the team encountered technical and cultural issues that will be facing the observatory community in the near future. Technological Lessons Learned: Shipboard data from multiple institutions are extraordinarily diverse, and provide a good training ground for observatories. Data are gathered from a wide range of authorities, laboratories, servers and media, with little documentation. Conflicting versions exist, generated by alternative processes. Domain- and institution-specific issues were addressed during initial staging. Data files were categorized and metadata harvested with automated procedures. With our second-generation approach to staging, we achieve higher levels of automation with greater use of controlled vocabularies. Database and XML- based procedures deal with the diversity of raw metadata values and map them to agreed-upon standard values, in collaboration with the Marine Metadata Interoperability (MMI) community. All objects are tagged with an expert level, thus serving an educational audience, as well as research users. After staging, publication into the digital library is completely automated. The technical challenges have been largely overcome, thanks to a scalable, federated digital library architecture from the San Diego Supercomputer Center, implemented at SIO, WHOI and other sites. The metadata design is flexible, supporting modular blocks of metadata tailored to the needs of instruments, samples, documents, derived products, cruises or dives, as appropriate. Controlled metadata vocabularies, with content and definitions negotiated by all parties, are critical. Metadata may be mapped to required external standards and formats, as needed. Cultural Lessons Learned: The cultural challenges have been more formidable than expected. They became most apparent during attempts to categorize and stage digital data objects across two institutions, each with their own naming conventions and practices, generally undocumented, and evolving across decades. Whether the questions concerned data ownership, collection techniques, data diversity or institutional practices, the solution involved a joint discussion with scientists, data managers, technicians and archivists, working together. Because metadata discussions go on endlessly, significant benefit comes from dictionaries with definitions of all community-authorized metadata values.

Miller, S. P.; Clark, P. D.; Neiswender, C.; Raymond, L.; Rioux, M.; Norton, C.; Detrick, R.; Helly, J.; Sutton, D.; Weatherford, J.

2007-12-01

268

LESSONS LEARNED Biosurveillance Mobile App Development Intern Competition (Summer 2013)  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the lessons learned document for the BEOWulf Biosurveillance Mobile App Development Intern Competition is to capture the project’s lessons learned in a formal document for use by other project managers on similar future projects. This document may be used as part of new project planning for similar projects in order to determine what problems occurred and how those problems were handled and may be avoided in the future. Additionally, this document details what went well with the project and why, so that other project managers may capitalize on these actions. Project managers may also use this document to determine who the project team members were in order to solicit feedback for planning their projects in the future. This document will be formally communicated with the organization and will become a part of the organizational assets and archives.

Noonan, Christine F.; Henry, Michael J.; Corley, Courtney D.

2014-01-14

269

An Idiotypic Immune Network as a Short Term Learning Architecture for Mobile Robots  

E-print Network

A combined Short-Term Learning (STL) and Long-Term Learning (LTL) approach to solving mobile robot navigation problems is presented and tested in both real and simulated environments. The LTL consists of rapid simulations that use a Genetic Algorithm to derive diverse sets of behaviours. These sets are then transferred to an idiotypic Artificial Immune System (AIS), which forms the STL phase, and the system is said to be seeded. The combined LTL-STL approach is compared with using STL only, and with using a handdesigned controller. In addition, the STL phase is tested when the idiotypic mechanism is turned off. The results provide substantial evidence that the best option is the seeded idiotypic system, i.e. the architecture that merges LTL with an idiotypic AIS for the STL. They also show that structurally different environments can be used for the two phases without compromising transferability

Whitbrook, Amanda; Garibaldi, Jonathan M

2009-01-01

270

Learning Statics a Foundational Approach  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Statics is a pivotal course, whose concepts serve as the building blocks for future courses in engineering, mechanics of solids and design in particular. There is a common disappointment among many educators in the students abilities to apply the concepts to design/analyze real systems in the subsequent courses. The literature review also points to several innovative teaching pedagogies to alleviate the problems. The authors teaching pedagogy is based on the premise that students learn more effectively when the relevance of the concepts to real world problems and a systematic improvement in their skill set is tactilely, emotionally, and rationally understood. The pedagogy uses five teaching instruments: case studies, short design examples, intelligent formulation problems, concept questions, and work sheets. The paper discusses rationale behind these instruments and its implementation with examples. The results of a student survey indicate that the five instruments had a positive influence on the learning experience.

Boyer, Lawrence

271

Pre-Service English Teachers in Blended Learning Environment in Respect to Their Learning Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Blended learning environment (BLE) is increasingly used in the world, especially in university degrees and it is based on integrating web-based learning and face-to-face (FTF) learning environments. Besides integrating different learning environments, BLE also addresses to students with different learning approaches. The "learning approach"…

Yilmaz, M. Betul; Orhan, Feza

2010-01-01

272

Efficient dual approach to distance metric learning.  

PubMed

Distance metric learning is of fundamental interest in machine learning because the employed distance metric can significantly affect the performance of many learning methods. Quadratic Mahalanobis metric learning is a popular approach to the problem, but typically requires solving a semidefinite programming (SDP) problem, which is computationally expensive. The worst case complexity of solving an SDP problem involving a matrix variable of size D×D with O(D) linear constraints is about O(D(6.5)) using interior-point methods, where D is the dimension of the input data. Thus, the interior-point methods only practically solve problems exhibiting less than a few thousand variables. Because the number of variables is D(D+1)/2, this implies a limit upon the size of problem that can practically be solved around a few hundred dimensions. The complexity of the popular quadratic Mahalanobis metric learning approach thus limits the size of problem to which metric learning can be applied. Here, we propose a significantly more efficient and scalable approach to the metric learning problem based on the Lagrange dual formulation of the problem. The proposed formulation is much simpler to implement, and therefore allows much larger Mahalanobis metric learning problems to be solved. The time complexity of the proposed method is roughly O(D(3)), which is significantly lower than that of the SDP approach. Experiments on a variety of data sets demonstrate that the proposed method achieves an accuracy comparable with the state of the art, but is applicable to significantly larger problems. We also show that the proposed method can be applied to solve more general Frobenius norm regularized SDP problems approximately. PMID:24807037

Shen, Chunhua; Kim, Junae; Liu, Fayao; Wang, Lei; van den Hengel, Anton

2014-02-01

273

Modeling and Simulation of An Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) for Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With recent advances in mobile learning (m-learning), it is becoming possible for learning activities to occur everywhere. The learner model presented in our earlier work was partitioned into smaller elements in the form of learner profiles, which collectively represent the entire learning process. This paper presents an Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy…

Al-Hmouz, A.; Shen, Jun; Al-Hmouz, R.; Yan, Jun

2012-01-01

274

Mobile and Online Learning Journal: Effects on Apprentices' Reflection in Vocational Education and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While learning journals (LJs) have been shown to support self-regulated learning strategies, reflection and learning outcomes in academic contexts, few studies have investigated their relevance in vocational education. A mobile and online learning journal (MOLJ) was developed to support reflection on workplace experiences. However, acceptance of…

Mauroux, Laetitia; Könings, Karen D.; Zufferey, Jessica Dehler; Gurtner, Jean-Luc

2014-01-01

275

THE INFLUENCE OF SPATIAL WORKING MEMORY ON MOBILE LEARNING CONTENT DESIGN  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whilst there are relatively well-established guidelines for desktop-based learning systems, new forms of learning activities with small handheld devices have yet to be firmly standardized. In light of this, there is a strong case for re- visiting some basic principles for mobile learning systems design, such as how to deliver learning content when a key assumption is that this should

Lily Li; Hokyoung Ryu; David Parsons

2009-01-01

276

Understanding Observational Learning: An Interbehavioral Approach  

PubMed Central

Observational learning is an important area in the field of psychology and behavior science more generally. Given this, it is essential that behavior analysts articulate a sound theory of how behavior change occurs through observation. This paper begins with an overview of seminal research in the area of observational learning, followed by a consideration of common behavior analytic conceptualizations of these findings. The interbehavioral perspective is then outlined, shedding light on some difficulties with the existing behavior analytic approaches. The implications of embracing the interbehavioral perspective for understanding the most complex sorts of behavior, including those involved in observational learning are considered. PMID:22532764

Fryling, Mitch J; Johnston, Cristin; Hayes, Linda J

2011-01-01

277

Mobile Distance Learning with PDAs: Development and Testing of Pedagogical and System Solutions Supporting Mobile Distance Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article discusses basic teaching-learning philosophies and experiences from the development and testing of mobile learning integrated with the online distance education system at NKI (Norwegian Knowledge Institute) Distance Education. The article builds on experiences from three European Union (EU) supported "Leonardo da Vinci" projects on…

Rekkedal, Torstein; Dye, Aleksander

2007-01-01

278

Preservice Teachers' Perceptions about Using Mobile Phones and Laptops in Education as Mobile Learning Tools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research was to investigate preservice teachers' perceptions about using m-phones and laptops in education as mobile learning tools. A total of 1087 preservice teachers participated in the study. The results indicated that preservice teachers perceived laptops potentially stronger than m-phones as m-learning tools. In…

Sad, Süleyman Nihat; Göktas, Özlem

2014-01-01

279

Young Children's Approaches to Learning: A Sociocultural Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognising school readiness as a national priority, the National Education Goals Panel identified the development of young children's approaches to learning as essential for achieving readiness. Approaches to learning include inclinations, attitudes, and learning styles. Despite wide agreement that learning approaches are critical for school…

Chen, Jie-Qi; Masur, Ann; McNamee, Gillian

2011-01-01

280

Improving the Quality of Student Learning: The Influence of Learning Context and Student Approaches to Learning on Learning Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies with 143 and 74 students, respectively, investigated the relationship between qualitative differences in learning outcomes, perceptions of learning environment, and students' personal approaches to study in nursing education. Results suggest environments perceived to encourage deep approaches to learning will facilitate higher quality…

Trigwell, Keith; Prosser, Michael

1991-01-01

281

Exploring College Students' Attitudes and Self-Efficacy of Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous studies have indicated that computers and the internet play very important roles in students' acceptance and use of new information technology. In recent years, with the rapid development of mobile technology, mobile learning (m-learning) has becoming another popular topic. However, little is known about the students' attitudes and…

Yang, Shih-hsien

2012-01-01

282

Vicarious learning in mobile neurally controlled agents: The VMAXSON architecture. \\Lambda  

E-print Network

Vicarious learning in mobile neurally controlled agents: The V­MAXSON architecture. \\Lambda] neural architecture for mobile agents. The agents live in a two­ dimensional, continuous environment). To survive, the agents need to eat the food, drink the water, and avoid the poison. V­MAXSON agents learn

Crabbe, Frederick

283

Ubiquitous Learning Website: Scaffold Learners by Mobile Devices with Information-Aware Techniques  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The portability and immediate communication properties of mobile devices influence the learning processes in interacting with peers, accessing resources and transferring data. For example, the short message and browsing functions in a cell phone provide users with timely and adaptive information access. Although many studies of mobile learning

Chen, G. D.; Chang, C. K.; Wang, C. Y.

2008-01-01

284

Conjoint Analysis for Mobile Devices for Ubiquitous Learning in Higher Education: The Korean Case  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the increasing importance of mobile devices in education, the essential features of these devices for ubiquitous learning have not been empirically addressed. This study empirically investigated the necessary conditions for using mobile devices as an educational tool for ubiquitous learning in higher education by a conjoint method. The…

Lee, Hyeongjik

2013-01-01

285

Promoting Mobile and Interactive Learning through the use of MMS Over Wireless LAN  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims o n introducing the new platform for mobile and interactive learning developed in Nanyang Technological University (NTU), which is targeted as an effective communication medium between the lecturer and students during lectures. The idea is to combine the adv antages of mobile computing and messaging service to bring an interactive learning experience into classes. For this purpose,

Sintiani Dewi Teddy; Heng Yeow; Peng Alvin

286

English Language Learners' Reading Self-Efficacy and Achievement Using 1:1 Mobile Learning Devices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Handheld technology devices allow users to be mobile and access the Internet, personal data, and third-party content applications in many different environments at the users' convenience. The explosion of these mobile learning devices around the globe has led adults to value them for communication, productivity, and learning. Outside of the school…

Walters, Jennifer L.

2012-01-01

287

Using Mobile Phones to Promote Lifelong Learning among Rural Women in Southern India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is an attempt to study the role of mobile phones in the non-formal and informal context among rural women from resource poor communities. In particular, it focuses on the women's control over the mobile phone as a learning tool through the domestication of technologies. The distance learning, gender dimensions, and use of technologies…

Balasubramanian, K.; Thamizoli, P.; Umar, Abdurrahman; Kanwar, Asha

2010-01-01

288

Beyond the Yellow Brick Road: Mobile Web 2.0 Informing a New Institutional E-Learning Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning (m-learning) has moved beyond the realms of fantasy to become a viable platform for contextual learning that bridges formal and informal learning environments. This paper overviews how mobile Web 2.0 has been instrumental in facilitating pedagogical change and informing an institution's new e-learning strategy that focuses upon…

Cochrane, Thomas D.

2011-01-01

289

Beyond the Yellow Brick Road: Mobile Web 2.0 Informing a New Institutional E-Learning Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning (m-learning) has moved beyond the realms of fantasy to become a viable platform for contextual learning that bridges formal and informal learning environments. This paper overviews how mobile Web 2.0 has been instrumental in facilitating pedagogical change and informing an institution's new e-learning strategy that focuses upon…

Cochrane, Thomas D.

2010-01-01

290

Current Approaches to Authentication in Wireless and Mobile Communications Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document1gives a brief introduction into algorithms and protocols for entity authentication(verifying the identity of communication partners) and analyzes the approaches for realizing authenticationin current mobile communication standards. The main results of this comparative analysisconcerning an authentication infrastructure for wireless Internet access are, that (1) the protocols asproposed in current IETF working groups still need further evaluation of their security...

G. Schäfer; A. Festag; H. Karl

2001-01-01

291

Mobile Task Management for Medical Ward Rounds -The MEDo Approach  

E-print Network

and paper, and their later processing is prone to errors. Furthermore, medical sta must keep trackMobile Task Management for Medical Ward Rounds - The MEDo Approach RĂĽdiger Pryss, David Langer. In the course of a ward round, new tasks are dened and allocated to physicians and nurses. In clinical practice

Ulm, Universität

292

Software Analytics for Mobile Applications Insights & Lessons Learned Roberto Minelli and Michele Lanza  

E-print Network

investigating a corpus of mobile applications. Our findings reveal that apps differ significantly from; mining software repositories; I. Introduction Mobile applications, also known as apps, are softwareSoftware Analytics for Mobile Applications ­ Insights & Lessons Learned Roberto Minelli and Michele

Lanza, Michele

293

TsoiChem: A Mobile Application to Facilitate Student Learning in Organic Chemistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile devices, such as the iPhone, are potentially powerful learning tools, with their touch screen capabilities and highly interactive and engaging applications available for download. The dependence of today's student on mobile devices also contributes to the possibility of increased student engagement and time-on-task - both factors in student success. This paper describes the development of a mobile application (app)

Mai Yin Tsoi; Sonal Dekhane

2011-01-01

294

Management of Mobile Agent Systems: Learning From the Ants Tony White1  

E-print Network

Management of Mobile Agent Systems: Learning From the Ants Tony White1 , Bernard Pagurek2 , Dwight@scs.carleton.ca, bernie@sce.carleton.ca, deugo@scs.carleton.ca} Abstract The management of mobile agent systems that solve problems in a network is an issue that must be addressed if mobile agents are to be deployed industrially

295

Technology Integration: Mobile Devices (iPods), Constructivist Pedagogy, and Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although mobile technology is still evolving with most mobile devices supporting numerous communications and technology standards, there are currently very few applications of these devices to support teaching and learning activities. Integrated appropriately, mobile devices could help students acquire the skills needed to survive in a complex,…

Keengwe, Jared; Pearson, Donna; Smart, Kathy

2009-01-01

296

Technical Feasibility of a Mobile Context-Aware (Social) Learning Schedule Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to show the technical feasibility of implementing their mobile context-aware learning schedule (mCALS) framework as a software application on a mobile device using current technologies, prior to its actual implementation. This process draws a set of compatible mobile and context-aware technologies at present and can be…

Yau, Jane Y. K.; Joy, Mike

2013-01-01

297

Mobile phone use while driving: A hybrid modeling approach.  

PubMed

The analysis of the effects that mobile phone use produces while driving is a topic of great interest for the scientific community. There is consensus that using a mobile phone while driving increases the risk of exposure to traffic accidents. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the drivers' behavior when they decide whether or not to use a mobile phone while driving. For that, a hybrid modeling approach that integrates a choice model with the latent variable "risk perception" was used. It was found that workers and individuals with the highest education level are more prone to use a mobile phone while driving than others. Also, "risk perception" is higher among individuals who have been previously fined and people who have been in an accident or almost been in an accident. It was also found that the tendency to use mobile phones while driving increases when the traffic speed reduces, but it decreases when the fine increases. Even though the urgency of the phone call is the most important explanatory variable in the choice model, the cost of the fine is an important attribute in order to control mobile phone use while driving. PMID:25746167

Márquez, Luis; Cantillo, Víctor; Arellana, Julián

2015-05-01

298

Mobile G-Portal supporting collaborative sharing and learning in geography fieldwork: an empirical study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Integrated with G-Portal, a Web-based geospatial digital library of geography resources, this paper describes the implementation of Mobile G-Portal, a group of mobile devices as learning assistant tools supporting collaborative sharing and learning for geography fieldwork. Based on a modified Technology Acceptance Model and a Task-Technology Fit model, an initial study with Mobile G-Portal was conducted involving 39 students in

Yin-Leng Theng; Kuah-li Tan; Ee-peng Lim; Jun Zhang; Dion Hoe-lian Goh; Kalyani Chatterjea; Chew-hung Chang; Aixin Sun; Han Yu; Nam Hai Dang; Yuanyuan Li; Minh Chanh Vo

2007-01-01

299

3D Tracking in Unknown Environments Using On-Line Keypoint Learning for Mobile Augmented Reality  

E-print Network

based on on-line boosting used for localizing a mo- bile computer. Mobile augmented reality requires overlays to a mobile user. With advances in mobile computer hardware, vision-based tracking approaches have) is a powerful user interface for mobile computing and location-based systems. AR super- imposes registered 3D

Grabner, Helmut

300

3D tracking in unknown environments using on-line keypoint learning for mobile augmented reality  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present a natural feature tracking algorithm based on on-line boosting used for localizing a mobile computer. Mobile augmented reality requires highly accurate and fast six degrees of freedom tracking in order to provide registered graphical overlays to a mobile user. With advances in mobile computer hardware, vision-based tracking approaches have the potential to provide efficient solutions

Gerhard Schall; Helmut Grabner; Michael Grabner; Paul Wohlhart; Dieter Schmalstieg; Horst Bischof

2008-01-01

301

A Grey-box Approach for Automated GUI-Model Generation of Mobile Applications  

E-print Network

, and mobile applications, or mobile apps for short, on this platform tend to be faulty just like other types of software, there is a growing need for automated testing techniques for mobile apps. Model- based testing grey-box approach for automatically extracting a model of a given mobile app. In our approach, static

Xie, Tao

302

Online-learning and Attention-based Approach to Obstacle Avoidance Using a Range Finder  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem of developing local reactive obstacle-avoidance behaviors by a mobile robot through online real-time learning\\u000a is considered. The robot operated in an unknown bounded 2-D environment populated by static or moving obstacles (with slow\\u000a speeds) of arbitrary shape. The sensory perception was based on a laser range finder. A learning-based approach to the problem\\u000a is presented. To greatly reduce

Shuqing Zeng; Juyang Weng

2007-01-01

303

An Intelligent Location Management approaches in GSM Mobile Network  

E-print Network

Location management refers to the problem of updating and searching the current location of mobile nodes in a wireless network. To make it efficient, the sum of update costs of location database must be minimized. Previous work relying on fixed location databases is unable to fully exploit the knowledge of user mobility patterns in the system so as to achieve this minimization. The study presents an intelligent location management approach which has interacts between intelligent information system and knowledge-base technologies, so we can dynamically change the user patterns and reduce the transition between the VLR and HLR. The study provides algorithms are ability to handle location registration and call delivery

Rao, N Mallikharjuna

2012-01-01

304

Transformative Learning Approaches for Public Relations Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public relations educators are frequently challenged by students' flawed perceptions of public relations. Two contrasting case studies are presented in this paper to illustrate how socially-oriented paradigms may be applied to a real-client project to deliver a transformative learning experience. A discourse-analytic approach is applied…

Motion, Judy; Burgess, Lois

2014-01-01

305

Approach to Learning and Assessment in Physics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objectives of this exploratory study were to determine: (1) the approach to learning of physics students (N=142) at John Abbott College (Quebec, Canada) as determined by the Study Process Questionnaire; (2) the intellectual demands of quizzes, tests, and final exams in physics using a scheme derived from Bloom's taxonomy; and (3) the…

Dickie, Leslie

306

Supporting vocabulary growth of high school students: An analysis of the potential of a mobile learning device and gaming app  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this dissertation was to explore the educational benefits of using an app on a mobile device (i.e. iPod Touch) to aid in the process of high school students' learning. The emphasis of this study explored the possibilities of learning vocabulary using a mobile device in an informal environment. Mobile devices embrace and encourage ubiquitous learning through their

Jennifer Redd

2011-01-01

307

The Contrivance of Mobile Learning: An Actor-Network Perspective on the Emergence of a Research Field  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ongoing development of mobile devices like cell phones, iPods, PDAs, and so on is seen by an increasing number of educationalists as a chance to focus on a new kind of learning. This mobile learning, as it is called, should enable students to learn while on the move. Rather than giving a genealogy of the use of mobile equipment in education,…

Decuypere, Mathias; Simons, Maarten; Masschelein, Jan

2011-01-01

308

Two-Timescale Learning Using Idiotypic Behaviour Mediation For A Navigating Mobile Robot  

E-print Network

A combined Short-Term Learning (STL) and Long-Term Learning (LTL) approach to solving mobile-robot navigation problems is presented and tested in both the real and virtual domains. The LTL phase consists of rapid simulations that use a Genetic Algorithm to derive diverse sets of behaviours, encoded as variable sets of attributes, and the STL phase is an idiotypic Artificial Immune System. Results from the LTL phase show that sets of behaviours develop very rapidly, and significantly greater diversity is obtained when multiple autonomous populations are used, rather than a single one. The architecture is assessed under various scenarios, including removal of the LTL phase and switching off the idiotypic mechanism in the STL phase. The comparisons provide substantial evidence that the best option is the inclusion of both the LTL phase and the idiotypic system. In addition, this paper shows that structurally different environments can be used for the two phases without compromising transferability.

Whitbrook, Amanda; Garibaldi, Jonathan M

2010-01-01

309

Towards an Integrated Approach for Research on Lifelong Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is little dispute that lifelong learning is essential to the further development of the knowledge society. Nonetheless, lifelong learning is not reaching its full potential because the currently used approaches to lifelong learning are too fragmented and, often, formal approaches to education and learning are simply "translated" from initial…

van Merrienboer, Jeroen J. G.; Kirschner, Paul A.; Paas, Fred; Sloep, Peter B.; J. Caniels, Marjolein C.

2009-01-01

310

Economic Gardening through Entrepreneurship Education: A Service-Learning Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article outlines the implementation of a service-learning approach in an entrepreneurship programme using an "economic gardening" strategy. Economic Gardening through Service-Learning (EGS-L) is an approach to economic development that helps local businesses and students grow through a facilitated learning process. Learning is made possible…

Desplaces, David E.; Wergeles, Fred; McGuigan, Patrick

2009-01-01

311

Learning sensor-based navigation of a real mobile robot in unknown worlds.  

PubMed

In this paper, we address the problem of navigating an autonomous mobile robot in an unknown indoor environment. The parti-game multiresolution learning approach is applied for simultaneous and cooperative construction of a world model, and learning to navigate through an obstacle-free path from a starting position to a known goal region. The paper introduces a new approach, based on the application of the fuzzy ART neural architecture, for on-line map building from actual sensor data. This method is then integrated, as a complement, on the parti-game world model, allowing the system to make a more efficient use of collected sensor information. Then, a predictive on-line trajectory filtering method, is introduced in the learning approach. Instead of having a mechanical device moving to search the world, the idea is to have the system analyzing trajectories in a predictive mode, by taking advantage of the improved world model. The real robot will only move to try trajectories that have been predicted to be successful, allowing lower exploration costs. This results in an overall improved new method for goal-oriented navigation. It is assumed that the robot knows its own current world location-a simple dead-reckoning method is used for localization in our experiments. It is also assumed that the robot is able to perform sensor-based obstacle detection (not avoidance) and straight-line motions. Results of experiments with a real Nomad 200 mobile robot are presented, demonstrating the effectiveness of the discussed methods. PMID:18252290

Araujo, R; de Almeida, A T

1999-01-01

312

Using Mobile Technologies for Assessment and Learning in Practice Settings: Outcomes of Five Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the outcomes of the Mobile Technologies Pilot Project for the Assessment and Learning in Practice Settings (ALPS) Centre for Excellence in Teaching and Learning (CETL). ALPS is a partnership of five Higher Education Institutions (HEI) that aims to develop and improve assessment, and thereby learning, in practice settings for…

Dearnley, Christine; Taylor, Jill; Hennessy, Scott; Parks, Maria; Coates, Catherine; Haigh, Jackie; Fairhall, John; Riley, Kevin; Dransfield, Mark

2009-01-01

313

Installing the Blackboard Mobile Learn for iPad Application 2010 Blackboard Inc. Proprietary and Confidential  

E-print Network

message: "Unfortunately, Blackboard Mobile Learn is not currently available for your institution." Please to the Blackboard Learn server at your institution. 8. Enter your username and password for your institution's Blackboard Learn website and click Login. When your credentials successfully authenticate to the server

Xu, Shouhuai

314

Intercultural Competencies: What Students in Study and Placement Mobility Should Be Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When promoting intercultural learning in the context of study and placement mobility, intercultural educators are specifying what students should be learning. Research not only confirms the genuine impact of real-life intercultural contact on intercultural learning, but also shows how this impact can be enhanced through institutional support and…

Messelink, H. E.; Van Maele, J.; Spencer-Oatey, H.

2015-01-01

315

Affordances of Mobile Technologies for Experiential Learning: The Interplay of Technology and Pedagogical Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Experiential learning is the process of creating knowledge through the transformation of experience and has been adopted in an increasing number of areas. This paper investigates the possibility of technological support for experiential learning. A learning activity flow (or script) and a mobile technology system were designed to facilitate…

Lai, Chih-Hung; Yang, J.-C.; Chen, F.-C.; Ho, C.-W.; Chan, T.-W.

2007-01-01

316

Research and development of experience learning history acquisition system using mobile terminals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our project team developed the experience learning history acquisition system which can record the actions and behaviors of learners to determine their comprehension and learning process in the experience learning. This system uses iPhone, a mobile terminal with various sensors as the terminal to record the behaviors learners. To measure the effect of the system, we conducted experiments in the

Hiroshi Suzuki; Hisashi Sato; Takanori Endo

2010-01-01

317

Context-Aware Mobile Role Playing Game for Learning--A Case of Canada and Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research presented in this paper is part of a 5-year renewable national research program in Canada, namely the NSERC/iCORE/Xerox/Markin research chair program that aims to explore possibilities of adaptive mobile learning and to provide learners with a learning environment which facilitates personalized learning at any time and any place. One…

Lu, Chris; Chang, Maiga; Kinshuk; Huang, Echo; Chen, Ching-Wen

2014-01-01

318

Structuring and Regulating Collaborative Learning in Higher Education with Wireless Networks and Mobile Tools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In our recent research we have explored possibilities to scaffold collaborative learning in higher education with wireless networks and mobile tools. The pedagogical ideas are grounded on concepts of collaborative learning, including the socially shared origin of cognition, as well as self-regulated learning theory. This paper presents our three…

Jarvela, Sanna; Naykki, Piia; Laru, Jari; Luokkanen, Tiina

2007-01-01

319

Multiplatform E-Learning Systems and Technologies: Mobile Devices for Ubiquitous ICT-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiplatform e-learning systems are emerging technologies that provide integrated learning content to various accessing devices. This book addresses technical challenges, design frameworks, and development experiences of the future that integrate multiple mobile devices into a single multiplatform e-learning system. With expert international…

Goh, Tiong Thye, Ed.

2010-01-01

320

Developing a Mobile Learning Solution for Health and Social Care Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we share our experiences of a large-scale five-year innovative programme to introduce mobile learning into health and social care (H&SC) practice placement learning and assessment that bridges the divide between the university classroom and the practice setting in which these students learn. The outputs are from the Assessment &…

Taylor, J. D.; Dearnley, C. A.; Laxton, J. C.; Coates, C. A.; Treasure-Jones, T.; Campbell, R.; Hall, I.

2010-01-01

321

PREPARATION OF PAPERS FOR THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES IN LEARNING Contextual Mobile Learning Strongly Related to  

E-print Network

. INTRODUCTION As mobile technologies are becoming more and more widespread in people's daily life, there has been a huge increase in studies and experiments regarding the use of mobile technologies for learning and training in professional and industrial situations. More and more people are starting to benefit from

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

322

Approaching the Limit of Predictability in Human Mobility  

PubMed Central

In this study we analyze the travel patterns of 500,000 individuals in Cote d'Ivoire using mobile phone call data records. By measuring the uncertainties of movements using entropy, considering both the frequencies and temporal correlations of individual trajectories, we find that the theoretical maximum predictability is as high as 88%. To verify whether such a theoretical limit can be approached, we implement a series of Markov chain (MC) based models to predict the actual locations visited by each user. Results show that MC models can produce a prediction accuracy of 87% for stationary trajectories and 95% for non-stationary trajectories. Our findings indicate that human mobility is highly dependent on historical behaviors, and that the maximum predictability is not only a fundamental theoretical limit for potential predictive power, but also an approachable target for actual prediction accuracy. PMID:24113276

Lu, Xin; Wetter, Erik; Bharti, Nita; Tatem, Andrew J.; Bengtsson, Linus

2013-01-01

323

Towards a unified approach to concept learning  

SciTech Connect

Rule induction (either directly or by means of decision trees) and case-based learning (forms of which are also known as instance-based, memory-based and nearest-neighbor learning) arguably constitute the two leading symbolic approaches to concept and classification learning. Rule-based methods discard the individual training examples, and remember only abstractions formed from them. At performance time, rules are applied by logical match (i.e., only rules whose preconditions are satisfied by an example are applied to it). Case-based methods explicitly memorize some or all of the examples; they avoid forming abstractions, and instead invest more effort at performance time in finding the most similar cases to the target one.

Domingos, P. [Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States)

1996-12-31

324

Mobile Learning in Maths Teacher Education: Using iPads to Support Pre-Service Teachers' Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An emerging body of literature explores mobile learning in teacher education contexts. A common theme is the facilitation of collaborative, authentic professional learning experiences, often leveraged by the immediate and spontaneous nature of learning in informal settings. This paper takes a snapshot of current developments with mobile learning

Kearney, Matthew; Maher, Damian

2013-01-01

325

An Approach for an Adaptive Visualization in a Mobile Environment  

E-print Network

of affordable mobile devices such as notebooks or Personal Digital Assistants, mobile computing is becoming industry. Mobile users equipped with portable computer such as Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs

Barbosa, Alberto

326

Participatory Evaluation: Implications for Improving Electronic Learning and Teaching Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the participatory approach used by a group of academic support staff in evaluating an academic professional development resource designed to support e-learning and teaching. The resource, titled Designing Electronic Learning and Teaching Approaches (DELTA), showcases examples of electronic learning and teaching approaches

Benson, Robyn; Samarawickrema, Gayani; O'Connell, Margaret

2009-01-01

327

An effective trace-guided wavefront navigation and map-building approach for autonomous mobile robots  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper aims to address a trace-guided real-time navigation and map building approach of an autonomous mobile robot. Wave-front based global path planner is developed to generate a global trajectory for an autonomous mobile robot. Modified Vector Field Histogram (M-VFH) is employed based on the LIDAR sensor information to guide the robot locally to be autonomously traversed with obstacle avoidance by following traces provided by the global path planner. A local map composed of square grids is created through the local navigator while the robot traverses with limited LIDAR sensory information. From the measured sensory information, a map of the robot's immediate limited surroundings is dynamically built for the robot navigation. The real-time wave-front based navigation and map building methodology has been successfully demonstrated in a Player/Stage simulation environment. With the wave-front-based global path planner and M-VFH local navigator, a safe, short, and reasonable trajectory is successfully planned in a majority of situations without any templates, without explicitly optimizing any global cost functions, and without any learning procedures. Its effectiveness, feasibility, efficiency and simplicity of the proposed real-time navigation and map building of an autonomous mobile robot have been successfully validated by simulation and comparison studies. Comparison studies of the proposed approach with the other path planning approaches demonstrate that the proposed method is capable of planning more reasonable and shorter collision-free trajectories autonomously.

Luo, Chaomin; Krishnan, Mohan; Paulik, Mark; Jan, Gene Eu

2013-12-01

328

Mobile Assisted Language Learning in University EFL Courses in Japan: Developing Attitudes and Skills for Self-Regulated Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports a project in which researchers at universities in Japan explored the use of Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALL) practices by developing a learning module intended to help improve students' scores on the TOEIC Listening and Reading Tests. MALL practices are currently being developed at universities in Japan because almost…

Kondo, Mutsumi; Ishikawa, Yasushige; Smith, Craig; Sakamoto, Kishio; Shimomura, Hidenori; Wada, Norihisa

2012-01-01

329

Learning at a Distance through Mobile Devices: A Global Choice of Learners in the Open and Distance Learning (ODL) System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the techno-driven world, mobile learning is an indispensable element of teaching-learning activities. It helps distance learners in many ways by providing their required facilities. The paper discusses about these facilities in an eclectic and summary manner. Thus, by implication, it is popularized among distance learners across the globe.…

Sethy, Satya

2011-01-01

330

A Responsive Design Approach for Supporting Mobile Access to Virtual and Remote Laboratories  

E-print Network

on developing device-dependent mobile apps for accessing the experiment(s) of the original remote or virtual lab of the same mobile app that meets the specific technical requirements of each mobile device. In this paper, we aim to address this issue by adopting a responsive design approach for developing mobile web apps

Bey, Isabelle

331

International Diffusion of Digital Mobile Technology: A Coupled-Hazard State-Based Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The convergence of the Internet, electronic commerce, and wireless technology has created the basis for the rapid global diffusion of mobile commerce. We believe that one approach to understand mobile commerce diffusion is to study the diffusion of digital mobile devices required in mobile commerce activities. Although prior research in technology diffusion has identified a set of variables that affect

ROBERT J. KAUFFMAN; ANGSANA A. TECHATASSANASOONTORN

332

MOBILE COMMERCE APPLICATIONS AND SERVICES: A DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT APPROACH  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile Commerce is an evolving area of e-Commerce, where users can interact with the service providers through a mobile and wireless network, using mobile devices for information retrieval and transaction processing. M-Commerce services and applications can be adopted through different wireless and mobile networks, with the aid of several mobile devices. However, constraints of both mobile networks and devices influence

A. S. Andreou; C. Chrysostomou; C. Leonidou; S. Mavromoustakos; A. Pitsillides; G. Samaras; C. Schizas

333

Cervical spine mobility analysis on radiographs: a fully automatic approach.  

PubMed

Conventional X-ray radiography remains nowadays the most common method to analyze spinal mobility in two dimensions. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to develop a framework dedicated to the fully automatic cervical spine mobility analysis on X-ray images. To this aim, we propose an approach based on three main steps: fully automatic vertebra detection, vertebra segmentation and angular measurement. The accuracy of the method was assessed for a total of 245 vertebrć. For the vertebra detection, we proposed an adapted version of two descriptors, namely Scale-invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) and Speeded-up Robust Features (SURF), coupled with a multi-class Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier. Vertebrć are successfully detected in 89.8% of cases and it is demonstrated that SURF slightly outperforms SIFT. The Active Shape Model approach was considered as a segmentation procedure. We observed that a statistical shape model specific to the vertebral level improves the results. Angular errors of cervical spine mobility are presented. We showed that these errors remain within the inter-operator variability of the reference method. PMID:22981777

Lecron, Fabian; Benjelloun, Mohammed; Mahmoudi, Saďd

2012-12-01

334

The Flexible Learning Approach to Physics (FLAP)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Flexible Learning Approach to Physics (FLAP) is an extensive, high quality, supported self-study teaching resource, developed on behalf of the whole UK university sector. FLAP addresses the twin problems of an increasing diversity of intake into physics degree courses and their decreasing familiarity with the use of mathematics in a physical context. It has been developed over a three year period, funded (1M) by the UK Higher Education Funding Councils. It offers a new approach to the teaching of physics and its associated mathematics. FLAP includes 83 free-standing modules of physics and mathematics, ranging from pre-university level to some point within the first or second year of a physics or engineering degree course. Its range also makes it useful at upper high school level. It presents an integrated approach to physics and mathematics, introducing mathematics within a physical context, where possible, and sharing a common notation with the physics. FLAP includes about 2500 pages of text, with video, audio and CAL support and has a Tutor Guide with an electronic question bank of about 1700 questions and solutions. A feature of the resource is that the modular text is photocopiable by departments for their own students, giving maximum flexibility of use. Physics departments can use this as they choose, to support their present courses or to create new courses of their own design. The FLAP self-study teaching style encourages active learning and gives students more ownership of this learning. Field trials show that it can increase student self-motivation and its style is welcomed. It offers gains in the quality and efficiency of teaching and learning and is expected to make a considerable impact wherever teaching quality has to be maintained or improved, particularly with reducing staff resources. FLAP is now being made available world-wide.

Lambourne, R. J.; Tinker, M. H.; Windsor, S. A.

1997-03-01

335

Assessing Students' Development in Learning Approaches According to Initial Learning Profiles: A Person-Oriented Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research regarding the development of students' learning approaches have at times reported unexpected or lack of expected changes. The current study explores the idea of differential developments in learning approaches according to students' initial learning profiles as a possible explanation for these outcomes. A learning profile is conceived as…

Vanthournout, Gert; Coertjens, Liesje; Gijbels, David; Donche, Vincent; Van Petegem, Peter

2013-01-01

336

Approaches to learning and study orchestrations in high school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the framework of the SAL (Students’ approaches to learning) poosition, the learning experience (approaches to learning\\u000a and study orchestrations) of 572 high school students was explored, examining its interrelationships with some personal and\\u000a familial variables. Three major results emerged. First, links were found between family’s intellectual climate and students’\\u000a approaches to learning, in particular with Deep appraoch: The better

Francisco Cano

2007-01-01

337

A MODEL-DRIVEN AND EXTERNAL APPROACH FOR LEARNING DESIGN UPON LEARNING MANAGEMENT  

E-print Network

A MODEL-DRIVEN AND EXTERNAL APPROACH FOR LEARNING DESIGN UPON LEARNING MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Ayman are not familiar with that implicit learning design domain (Martinez-Ortiz et al., 2009a). We aim to help: Technology Enhanced Learning, Binding, Learning Management System, Domain Specific Modeling Abstract

Laforcade, Pierre

338

Mobile Microblogging: Using Twitter and Mobile Devices in an Online Course to Promote Learning in Authentic Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research applied a mixed-method design to explore how best to promote learning in authentic contexts in an online graduate course in instructional message design. The students used Twitter apps on their mobile devices to collect, share, and comment on authentic design examples found in their daily lives. The data sources included tweets…

Hsu, Yu-Chang; Ching, Yu-Hui

2012-01-01

339

Implementing Glossing in Mobile-Assisted Language Learning Environments: Directions and Outlook  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While mobile technology, such as the touch-based smart-phone, has become part of our daily lives, research into and classroom practices surrounding mobile-assisted language learning (MALL) have generally not kept up with the pace of technological development. This situation may be caused in part by the fact that a considerable proportion of…

Lee, Hansol; Lee, Jang Ho

2013-01-01

340

New technologies, new pedagogies: Mobile technologies and new ways of teaching and learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a major development and research study that investigated the use of mobile technologies in higher education. The project investigated the educational potential of two ubiquitous mobile devices: Palm smart phones and iPod digital audio players (mp3 players). An action learning framework for professional development was designed and implemented with a group of teachers from a Faculty of

Jan Herrington; Jessica Mantei; Anthony Herrington; Ian Olney; Brian Ferry

2008-01-01

341

Role of Mobile Technology in Promoting Campus-Wide Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examines the role of mobile technology in promoting campus-wide learning environment. Its main objectives were to a) evaluate the role of mobile technology in higher education in terms of its i). appropriateness ii). flexibility iii). Interactivity, & iv). availability & usefulness and to b). identify the problems of students…

Hussain, Irshad; Adeeb, Muhammad Aslam

2009-01-01

342

What Have We Learnt about Mobile LifeLong Learning (mLLL)?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile technologies are becoming ubiquitous in education, yet the wider implications of this phenomenon are not well understood. The paper discusses how mobile lifelong learning (mLLL) may be defined, and the challenges of forging a suitable definition in an ever-shifting technological and socio-economic landscape. mLLL appears as a ubiquitous…

Seta, Luciano; Kukulska-Hulme, Agnes; Arrigo, Marco

2014-01-01

343

Balance and Mobility Training for Older Adults: An Undergraduate Service-Learning Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a service learning program aimed at improving balance and mobility in a group of older adults from an independent living center while giving college students (mainly exercise and sport science majors) an opportunity to interact with this population. The program has resulted in improved balance and mobility for the older adults and…

Williams, Kathleen; Kovacs, Christopher

2001-01-01

344

Mobile City and Language Guides--New Links between Formal and Informal Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the major challenges in second and foreign language education, is to create links between formal and informal learning environments. Mobile City and Language Guides present examples of theoretical and practical reflections on such links. This paper presents and discusses the first considerations of Mobile City and Language Guides in…

Bo-Kristensen, Mads; Ankerstjerne, Niels Ole; Neutzsky-Wulff, Chresteria; Schelde, Herluf

2009-01-01

345

Learning Programming with IPRO: The Effects of a Mobile, Social Programming Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we present two studies examining how high school students learn to program in a mobile, social programming environment that we have developed and deployed ("IPRO"). IPRO is delivered, with an associated curriculum, as an iPod Touch app and is freely and publicly available. We find that the affordances of mobility and…

Martin, Taylor; Berland, Matthew; Benton, Tom; Smith, Carmen Petrick

2013-01-01

346

Neurobotics Lab Research: Learning, Vision and Sonar Recognition with Mobile Robots  

E-print Network

and other biomimetic techniques in sensory processing, navigation, and other tasks using mobile robotsNeurobotics Lab Research: Learning, Vision and Sonar Recognition with Mobile Robots yz. These applications share some central themes: the inclusion of minimal as­ sumptions about the robots

Chang, Carolina

347

Mobile English learning: An evidence-based study with fifth graders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three groups participated in a study on the added value of mobile technology for learning English as a second language for primary school students. The first group had classroom lessons in English about zoo animals and their characteristics. The second group took classroom lessons and worked with a mobile application on location in a public zoo. The third group received

Jacobijn Sandberg; Marinus Maris; Kaspar de Geus

2011-01-01

348

Mobile English Learning: An Evidence-Based Study with Fifth Graders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three groups participated in a study on the added value of mobile technology for learning English as a second language for primary school students. The first group had classroom lessons in English about zoo animals and their characteristics. The second group took classroom lessons and worked with a mobile application on location in a public zoo.…

Sandberg, Jacobijn; Maris, Marinus; de Geus, Kaspar

2011-01-01

349

Simultaneous Learning of Motion and Sensor Model Parameters for Mobile Robots  

E-print Network

Simultaneous Learning of Motion and Sensor Model Parameters for Mobile Robots Teddy N. Yap, Jr in current algorithms for mobile robot localization and map­ ping. These models are typically provided and the operator's knowledge and experience with the robot and its operating environment. In this paper, we

Shelton, Christian R.

350

Simultaneous Learning of Motion and Sensor Model Parameters for Mobile Robots  

E-print Network

Simultaneous Learning of Motion and Sensor Model Parameters for Mobile Robots Teddy N. Yap, Jr in current algorithms for mobile robot localization and map- ping. These models are typically provided and the operator's knowledge and experience with the robot and its operating environment. In this paper, we

Shelton, Christian R.

351

Use of Mobile Phones in Language Learning: Developing Effective Instructional Materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

With its widespread use and its features and functions such as mobility, reachability, localization, and personalization, mobile phone technology offers a great potential in learning environments. With this consideration, our first and foremost aim in this study has been to make use of this profound interest and potential, and contribute to the efforts to enhance existing educational practices, particularly in

Murat Saran; Kursat Cagiltay; Golge Seferoglu

2008-01-01

352

Spring 2012 Distance Learning Class COT 6930 Android Mobile Component Development  

E-print Network

Spring 2012 ­ Distance Learning Class COT 6930 ­ Android Mobile Component Development Course Syllabus: Software tool and library development for the Android mobile platform using Java and XML, to facilitate rapid development of optimized Android applications. Text: Murphy, Mark L., The Busy Coder's Guide

Fernandez, Eduardo

353

Offline web application and quiz synchronization for e-learning activity for mobile browser  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid growing of internet applications and users has led the improvement of mobile web browser technology and standards such as HTML5. Recently, HTML5 is turning to be a de facto standard after some of its features has been implemented in major mobile web browsers. Moodle as a web based Learning Management System (LMS) has been popular in academic environment for

Royyana M. Ijtihadie; Yoshifumi Chisaki; Tsuyoshi Usagawa; H. B. Cahyo; Achmad Affandi

2010-01-01

354

A Journey of Learning Mathematics through Inside-Out Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper I discussed an episode of inside-out approach of learning mathematics that started from my deeply held values, feelings, thoughts, and experiences making them starting point of learning process. I was engaged in a brief learning session with a geometrical problem as context within the session. Data from video record of the learning

Belbase, Shashidhar

2010-01-01

355

Mobile payments : what we can learn from the past  

E-print Network

Over the last decade, there has been a proliferation of mobile payments systems (MPS). Close to 150 MPS currently exist in the world according to the Bank for International Settlement records (BIS). Mobile payments (MP) ...

Priso, Gladys (Gladys Emilie)

2006-01-01

356

Revised: 3.28.20144 Bb9: Blackboard Mobile for iOS p. 1 of 3 The Blackboard Mobile Learn app for iOS devices allows you to access your Blackboard courses  

E-print Network

Revised: 3.28.20144 Bb9: Blackboard Mobile for iOS p. 1 of 3 The Blackboard Mobile Learn app for i the app, go to the Apple App Store and search for Blackboard Mobile Learn 2. Once you have downloaded of 3 9. Press Buy to complete activation of the Blackboard Mobile Learn app For technical assistance

Qiu, Weigang

357

Approaches to Learning and Study Orchestrations in High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the framework of the SAL (Students' approaches to learning) position, the learning experience (approaches to learning and study orchestrations) of 572 high school students was explored, examining its interrelationships with some personal and familial variables. Three major results emerged. First, links were found between family's intellectual…

Cano, Francisco

2007-01-01

358

A non-convex relaxation approach to sparse dictionary learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dictionary learning is a challenging theme in computer vision. The basic goal is to learn a sparse representation from an overcomplete basis set. Most existing approaches employ a convex relaxation scheme to tackle this challenge due to the strong ability of convexity in computation and theoretical analysis. In this paper we propose a non-convex online approach for dictionary learning. To

Jianping Shi; Xiang Ren; Guang Dai; Jingdong Wang; Zhihua Zhang

2011-01-01

359

Enhancing Learning Approaches in an Undergraduate Teacher Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study implemented contextual modifications in a preservice teacher education program to improve teaching and learning. The modifications were designed to increase students' use of deep approaches to learning and reduce their reliance on surface approaches. Because of how the teaching and learning environment was conceptualized, in accordance…

Gordon, Christopher; Debus, Ray

360

Looking at Learning Approaches from the Angle of Student Profiles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study starts with investigating the relation of perceived workload, motivation for learning and working memory capacity (WMC) with students' approaches to learning. Secondly, this study investigates if differences exist between different student profiles concerning their approach to the learning and the influence of workloads thereon. Results…

Kyndt, Eva; Dochy, Filip; Struyven, Katrien; Cascallar, Eduardo

2012-01-01

361

Mobile Learning: Using SMS in Educational Contexts Adelina Moura1  

E-print Network

so rapidly adopted as mobile technologies. The evolution of wireless communication has created a new dependent on this device for communication [2]. However, according to Schick [3], most people with mobile communication system and popular among mobile phone users. It has become a trend as a means of communication

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

362

Mobile Phones in Education: Challenges and Opportunities for Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The millennials use mobile phones on a daily basis to keep in touch with family and friends (Lenhart 2010). However, the role of mobile phones in education needs to be close examined as educators strive to incorporate mobile leaning devices in the classroom. Consequently, schools will not only need to evaluate their school curriculums but also…

Keengwe, Jared; Schnellert, Gary; Jonas, Denise

2014-01-01

363

HAWAII: A Domain-based Approach for Supporting Mobility in Wide-Area Wireless Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile-IP is the current standard for supporting macro- mobility of mobile hosts. However, in the case of micro- mobility support, there are several competing proposals. In this paper, we present the design, implementation, and per- formance evaluation of HAWAII: a domain-based approach for supporting mobility. HAWAII uses specialized path setup schemes which install host-based forwarding entries in specific routers to

Ramachandran Ramjee; Thomas F. La Porta; Sandra R. Thuel; Kannan Varadhan; Shie Yuan Wang

1999-01-01

364

A Qualitative Approach to Mobile Robot Navigation Using RFID  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) system allows automatic identification of items with RFID tags using radio-waves. As the RFID tag has its unique identification number, it is also possible to detect a specific region where the RFID tag lies in. Recently it is widely been used in mobile robot navigation, localization, and mapping both in indoor and outdoor environment. This paper represents a navigation strategy for autonomous mobile robot using passive RFID system. Conventional approaches, such as landmark or dead-reckoning with excessive number of sensors, have complexities in establishing the navigation and localization process. The proposed method satisfies less complexity in navigation strategy as well as estimation of not only the position but also the orientation of the autonomous robot. In this research, polar coordinate system is adopted on the navigation surface where RFID tags are places in a grid with constant displacements. This paper also presents the performance comparisons among various grid architectures through simulation to establish a better solution of the navigation system. In addition, some stationary obstacles are introduced in the navigation environment to satisfy the viability of the navigation process of the autonomous mobile robot.

Hossain, M.; Rashid, M. M.; Bhuiyan, M. M. I.; Ahmed, S.; Akhtaruzzaman, M.

2013-12-01

365

Mobile Web 2.0 in the Workplace: A Case Study of Employees' Informal Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Employees' informal learning in the workplace warrants more attention, and such learning could benefit from the latest mobile technologies such as Web 2.0 applications, which have increasingly been utilized and have the potential to enhance learning outcomes. This multiple-case study examined the impact of mobile Web 2.0 applications on…

Gu, Jia; Churchill, Daniel; Lu, Jie

2014-01-01

366

The Influence of Perceived Convenience and Curiosity on Continuance Intention in Mobile English Learning for High School Students Using PDAs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning aims to utilise communication devices such as mobile devices and wireless connection in combination with e-learning systems, allowing learners to experience convenient, instant and suitable learning at unrestricted time and place. Participants were 125 Taiwanese senior high school students, whose continuance intention was examined…

Chang, Chi-Cheng; Tseng, Kuo-Hung; Liang, Chaoyun; Yan, Chi-Fang

2013-01-01

367

An Intelligent Mobile Location-Aware Book Recommendation System that Enhances Problem-Based Learning in Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite rapid and continued adoption of mobile devices, few learning modes integrate with mobile technologies and libraries' environments as innovative learning modes that emphasize the key roles of libraries in facilitating learning. In addition, some education experts have claimed that transmitting knowledge to learners is not the only…

Chen, Chih-Ming

2013-01-01

368

A social networking approach for mobile innovation in emerging countries  

E-print Network

Addressing the global challenges and the next billion mobile subscribers, the MIT NextLab course engages students, industry partners, entrepreneurs and the next billion mobile subscribers to develop innovative mobile ...

Yang, Jen-Hao, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01

369

Students' Personal and Social Meaning Making in a Chinese Idiom Mobile Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we present a design research study in Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALL) that emphasizes learner created content and contextualized meaning making. In learning Chinese idioms, students proactively used smartphones on a 1:1 basis to capture photos of the real-life contexts pertaining to the idioms, and to construct sentences…

Wong, Lung-Hsiang; Chin, Chee-Kuen; Tan, Chee-Lay; Liu, May

2010-01-01

370

Integrating User Interface and Personal Innovativeness into the TAM for Mobile Learning in Cyber University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to add new variables, namely user interface, personal innovativeness, and satisfaction in learning, to Davis's technology acceptance model and also examine whether learners are willing to adopt mobile learning. Thus, this study attempted to explain the structural causal relationships among user interface, personal…

Joo, Young Ju; Lee, Hyeon Woo; Ham, Yookyoung

2014-01-01

371

Using Syntax to Learn Semantics: An Experiment in Language Acquisition with a Mobile Robot  

E-print Network

Using Syntax to Learn Semantics: An Experiment in Language Acquisition with a Mobile Robot Tim one aspect of language acquisition by sim- ilarly situated, embodied arti cial agents - using in of Massachusetts, Box 34610 Amherst, MA 01003-4610 foates,zwalker,coheng@cs.umass.edu Abstract Children learn

Southern California, University of

372

An Autonomous Mobile Agent-Based Distributed Learning Architecture: A Proposal and Analytical Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current distance learning systems are increasingly packing highly data-intensive contents on servers, resulting in the congestion of network and server resources at peak service times. A distributed learning system based on faded information field (FIF) architecture that employs mobile agents (MAs) has been proposed and simulated in this work. The…

Ahmed, Iftikhar; Sadeq, Muhammad Jafar

2006-01-01

373

Learning Chinese Characters via Mobile Technology in a Primary School Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a project, including the design, development, and use of a mobile application (referred to as application hereafter) for learning Chinese as a second language in a bilingual primary school. The application was designed for iPod Touch Apple technology with the purpose to facilitate learning of a fundamental set of 200 Chinese…

Lu, Jie; Meng, Sue; Tam, Vincent

2014-01-01

374

The Growth of m-Learning and the Growth of Mobile Computing: Parallel Developments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

m-Learning is made possible by the existence and application of mobile hardware and networking technology. By exploring the capabilities of these technologies, it is possible to construct a picture of how different components of m-Learning can be implemented. This paper will explore the major technologies currently in use: portable digital…

Caudill, Jason G.

2007-01-01

375

A Comparison of Undergraduate Students' English Vocabulary Learning: Using Mobile Phones and Flash Cards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Knowing a foreign language has become crucial to reach information. Learning vocabulary is the fundamental step to learn a foreign language. New devices are invented everyday to fulfill the needs of citizens of the twenty-first century. Increased use of mobile phones has made them popular for not only communication, but also entertainment and…

Basoglu, Emrah Baki; Akdemir, Omur

2010-01-01

376

Using mobile communication technology in high school education: Motivation, pressure, and learning performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motivation and pressure are considered two factors impacting vocational senior high school student learning. New communication technology, especially mobile communication technology, is supposed to be effective in encouraging inter- action between the student and the instructor and improving learning efficiency. Social presence and information richness theory was applied to analyze the media and their impacts on the instruction process firstly.

Pei-luen Patrick Rau; Qin Gao; Li-mei Wu

2008-01-01

377

Using Mobile Communication Technology in High School Education: Motivation, Pressure, and Learning Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motivation and pressure are considered two factors impacting vocational senior high school student learning. New communication technology, especially mobile communication technology, is supposed to be effective in encouraging interaction between the student and the instructor and improving learning efficiency. Social presence and information…

Rau, Pei-Luen Patrick; Gao, Qin; Wu, Li-Mei

2008-01-01

378

Information-theoretic approach to interactive learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The principles of statistical mechanics and information theory play an important role in learning and have inspired both theory and the design of numerous machine learning algorithms. The new aspect in this paper is a focus on integrating feedback from the learner. A quantitative approach to interactive learning and adaptive behavior is proposed, integrating model- and decision-making into one theoretical framework. This paper follows simple principles by requiring that the observer's world model and action policy should result in maximal predictive power at minimal complexity. Classes of optimal action policies and of optimal models are derived from an objective function that reflects this trade-off between prediction and complexity. The resulting optimal models then summarize, at different levels of abstraction, the process's causal organization in the presence of the learner's actions. A fundamental consequence of the proposed principle is that the learner's optimal action policies balance exploration and control as an emerging property. Interestingly, the explorative component is present in the absence of policy randomness, i.e. in the optimal deterministic behavior. This is a direct result of requiring maximal predictive power in the presence of feedback.

Still, S.

2009-01-01

379

An Approach for Performance Based Glove Mobility Requirements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Space Suit Assembly (SSA) Development Team at NASA Johnson Space Center has invested heavily in the advancement of rear-entry planetary exploration suit design but largely deferred development of extravehicular activity (EVA) glove designs, and accepted the risk of using the current flight gloves, Phase VI, for exploration missions. However, as design reference missions mature, the risks of using heritage hardware have highlighted the need for developing robust new glove technologies. To address the technology gap, the NASA Space Technology Mission Directorate's Game-Changing Development Program provided start-up funding for the High Performance EVA Glove (HPEG) Element as part of the Next Generation Life Support (NGLS) Project in the fall of 2013. The overarching goal of the HPEG Element is to develop a robust glove design that increases human performance during EVA and creates pathway for implementation of emergent technologies, with specific aims of increasing pressurized mobility to 60% of barehanded capability, increasing the durability in on-pristine environments, and decreasing the potential of gloves to cause injury during use. The HPEG Element focused initial efforts on developing quantifiable and repeatable methodologies for assessing glove performance with respect to mobility, injury potential, thermal conductivity, and abrasion resistance. The team used these methodologies to establish requirements against which emerging technologies and glove designs can be assessed at both the component and assembly levels. The mobility performance testing methodology was an early focus for the HPEG team as it stems from collaborations between the SSA Development team and the JSC Anthropometry and Biomechanics Facility (ABF) that began investigating new methods for suited mobility and fit early in the Constellation Program. The combined HPEG and ABF team used lessons learned from the previous efforts as well as additional reviews of methodologies in physical and occupational therapy arenas to develop a protocol that assesses gloved range of motion, strength, dexterity, tactility, and fit in comparative quantitative terms and also provides qualitative insight to direct hardware design iterations. The protocol was evaluated using five experienced test subjects wearing the EMU pressurized to 4.3psid with three different glove configurations. The results of the testing are presented to illustrate where the protocol is and is not valid for benchmark comparisons. The process for requirements development based upon the results is also presented along with suggested performance values for the High Performance EVA Gloves to be procured in fiscal year 2015.

Aitchison, Lindsay; Benson, Elizabeth; England, Scott

2015-01-01

380

Computational approaches to motor learning by imitation.  

PubMed

Movement imitation requires a complex set of mechanisms that map an observed movement of a teacher onto one's own movement apparatus. Relevant problems include movement recognition, pose estimation, pose tracking, body correspondence, coordinate transformation from external to egocentric space, matching of observed against previously learned movement, resolution of redundant degrees-of-freedom that are unconstrained by the observation, suitable movement representations for imitation, modularization of motor control, etc. All of these topics by themselves are active research problems in computational and neurobiological sciences, such that their combination into a complete imitation system remains a daunting undertaking-indeed, one could argue that we need to understand the complete perception-action loop. As a strategy to untangle the complexity of imitation, this paper will examine imitation purely from a computational point of view, i.e. we will review statistical and mathematical approaches that have been suggested for tackling parts of the imitation problem, and discuss their merits, disadvantages and underlying principles. Given the focus on action recognition of other contributions in this special issue, this paper will primarily emphasize the motor side of imitation, assuming that a perceptual system has already identified important features of a demonstrated movement and created their corresponding spatial information. Based on the formalization of motor control in terms of control policies and their associated performance criteria, useful taxonomies of imitation learning can be generated that clarify different approaches and future research directions. PMID:12689379

Schaal, Stefan; Ijspeert, Auke; Billard, Aude

2003-03-29

381

Computational approaches to motor learning by imitation.  

PubMed Central

Movement imitation requires a complex set of mechanisms that map an observed movement of a teacher onto one's own movement apparatus. Relevant problems include movement recognition, pose estimation, pose tracking, body correspondence, coordinate transformation from external to egocentric space, matching of observed against previously learned movement, resolution of redundant degrees-of-freedom that are unconstrained by the observation, suitable movement representations for imitation, modularization of motor control, etc. All of these topics by themselves are active research problems in computational and neurobiological sciences, such that their combination into a complete imitation system remains a daunting undertaking-indeed, one could argue that we need to understand the complete perception-action loop. As a strategy to untangle the complexity of imitation, this paper will examine imitation purely from a computational point of view, i.e. we will review statistical and mathematical approaches that have been suggested for tackling parts of the imitation problem, and discuss their merits, disadvantages and underlying principles. Given the focus on action recognition of other contributions in this special issue, this paper will primarily emphasize the motor side of imitation, assuming that a perceptual system has already identified important features of a demonstrated movement and created their corresponding spatial information. Based on the formalization of motor control in terms of control policies and their associated performance criteria, useful taxonomies of imitation learning can be generated that clarify different approaches and future research directions. PMID:12689379

Schaal, Stefan; Ijspeert, Auke; Billard, Aude

2003-01-01

382

Deconstructing and reconstructing: Transforming primary science learning via a mobilized curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history of science education reform has been fundamentally centered around science curriculum development and implementation. The advent of mobile technologies has necessitated a re-examination of how students could better learn science through these 21st century tools. Conventional teaching materials may not prepare students to learn the inquiry way and to become self-directed and social learners who could learn “everywhere

Baohui Zhang; Chee-Kit Looi; Peter Sen Kee Seow; Gean Chia; Lung-Hsiang Wong; Wenli Chen; Hyo-Jeong So; Elliot Soloway; Cathie Norris

2010-01-01

383

Exploring Mediums of Pedagogical Support in an across Contexts Mobile Learning Activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The possibility to step out of the classroom for learning in authentic contexts, that which earlier have been studied in abstract\\u000a terms in the classroom context, can be an enormous asset to the educational system. A successful realization of this possibility\\u000a relies, however, on that the designed mobile learning activities provide the pedagogical support learning requires. In this\\u000a exploratory study,

Jalal Nouri; Johan Eliasson; Fredrik Rutz; Robert Ramberg

2010-01-01

384

Artificial learning approaches for multitarget tracking  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A hybrid weighted/interacting particle filter, the selectively resampling particle (SERP) filter, is used to detect and track an unknown number of independent targets on a one-dimensional "racetrack" domain. The targets evolve in a nonlinear manner. The observations model a sensor positioned above the racetrack. The observation data takes the form of a discretized image of the racetrack, in which each discrete segment has a value depending both upon the presence or absence of targets in the corresponding portion of the domain, and upon lognormal noise. The SERP filter provides a conditional distribution approximated by particle simulations. After each observation is processed, the SERP filter selectively resamples its particles in a pairwise fashion, based on their relative likelihood. We consider a reinforcement learning approach to control this resampling. We compare two different ways of applying the filter to the problem: the signal measure approach and the model selection approach. We present quantitative results of the ability of the filter to detect and track the targets, for each of the techniques. Comparisons are made between the signal measure and model selection approaches, and between the dynamic and static resampling control techniques.

Blount, Douglas; Kouritzin, Michael A.; McCrosky, Jesse D.

2004-09-01

385

An Expert System-based Context-Aware Ubiquitous Learning Approach for Conducting Science Learning Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context-aware ubiquitous learning has been recognized as being a promising approach that enables students to interact with real-world learning targets with supports from the digital world. Several researchers have indicated the importance of providing learning guidance or hints to individual students during the context-aware ubiquitous learning

Wu, Po-Han; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Tsai, Wen-Hung

2013-01-01

386

Adaptive Service-Oriented Mobile Applications: A Declarative Approach  

E-print Network

worldwide distributed mobile application. 1 Introduction Mobile applications, commonly referred to as apps, the development of mobile apps is characterized by an increased explicit This research has been funded by the EU for a specific platform (e.g., Android, iPhone, etc.), apps may be deployed on a plethora of different mobile

Cugola, Gianpaolo

387

Do Learning Approaches of Medical Students Affect Their Satisfaction with Problem-Based Learning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research was to determine the satisfaction of medical students with problem-based learning (PBL) and their approaches to learning to investigate the effect of learning approaches on their levels of satisfaction. The study group was composed of medical students from three different universities, which apply PBL at different levels…

Gurpinar, Erol; Kulac, Esin; Tetik, Cihat; Akdogan, Ilgaz; Mamakli, Sumer

2013-01-01

388

Students' Questions: Building a Bridge between Kolb's Learning Styles and Approaches to Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify the types of questions that students ask during the learning of chemistry; discuss the role of students' questions in the process of constructing knowledge, and investigate the relationship between students' questions, approaches to learning, and learning styles. Design/methodology/approach: The…

de Jesus, Helena T. Pedrosa; Almeida, Patricia Albergaria; Teixeira-Dias, Jose Joaquim; Watts, Mike

2006-01-01

389

Learning and Schooling in the Age of Mobilism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Speeding past the Steve Jobs Post-PC Era into the Age of Mobilism, the authors foresee how, by 2015, each and every student in America's K-12 classrooms will be using their own mobile computing device, with those devices engendering the most disruptive transformation in education in 150 years. Classrooms will move from today's "I Teach"…

Norris, Cathleen A.; Soloway, Elliot

2011-01-01

390

Minimizing Mobility and Communication Energy in Robotic Networks: an Optimal Control Approach  

E-print Network

Minimizing Mobility and Communication Energy in Robotic Networks: an Optimal Control Approach H of motion energy and communication energy in a network of mobile robots. The robotic network is charged to use mobility to reduce the energy required for sensing and communications; see [13] and references

Egerstedt, Magnus

391

LeZi-update: an information-theoretic approach to track mobile users in PCS networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The complexity of the mobility tracking problem in a cellular environment has been characterized under an information- theoretic framework. Shannon's entropy measure is iden- tified as a basis for comparing user mobility models. By building and maintaining a dictionary of individual user's path updates (as opposed to the widely used location up- dates), the proposed adaptive on-line algorithm can learn

Amiya Bhattacharya; Sajal K. Das

1999-01-01

392

Comparing the Effects of Mobile Computers and Traditional Approaches in Environmental Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Environmental education and computers? That was traditionally seen as an antagonism. But environmental educators who compete for attention and face new challenges in an age of mobile devices, have begun to explore the opportunities that mobile computers may offer in supporting environmental learning experiences. This study investigates the impact…

Ruchter, Markus; Klar, Bernhard; Geiger, Werner

2010-01-01

393

Distributed Reinforcement Learning Approach for Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Vehicular Ad hoc Networks (VANETs), general purpose ad hoc routing protocols such as AODV cannot work efficiently due to the frequent changes in network topology caused by vehicle movement. This paper proposes a VANET routing protocol QLAODV (Q-Learning AODV) which suits unicast applications in high mobility scenarios. QLAODV is a distributed reinforcement learning routing protocol, which uses a Q-Learning algorithm to infer network state information and uses unicast control packets to check the path availability in a real time manner in order to allow Q-Learning to work efficiently in a highly dynamic network environment. QLAODV is favored by its dynamic route change mechanism, which makes it capable of reacting quickly to network topology changes. We present an analysis of the performance of QLAODV by simulation using different mobility models. The simulation results show that QLAODV can efficiently handle unicast applications in VANETs.

Wu, Celimuge; Kumekawa, Kazuya; Kato, Toshihiko

394

Edu-mining: A Machine Learning Approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mining Educational data is an emerging interdisciplinary research area that mainly deals with the development of methods to explore the data stored in educational institutions. The educational data is referred as Edu-DATA. Queries related to Edu-DATA are of practical interest as SQL approach is insufficient and needs to be focused in a different way. The paper aims at developing a technique called Edu-MINING which converts raw data coming from educational institutions using data mining techniques into useful information. The discovered knowledge will have a great impact on the educational research and practices. Edu-MINING explores Edu-DATA, discovers new knowledge and suggests useful methods to improve the quality of education with regard to teaching-learning process. This is illustrated through a case study.

Srimani, P. K.; Patil, Malini M.

2011-12-01

395

Approach to Learning of Sub-Degree Students in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The learning approaches and learning experiences of 404 sub-degree students were assessed by using a Study Process Questionnaire and a Learning Experience Questionnaire. While the learning approaches in this study meant whether students used a deep learning or surface learning approach, the learning experiences referred to students' perceptions…

Chan, Yiu Man; Chan, Christine Mei Sheung

2010-01-01

396

Promoting Students' Learning of Air Pressure Concepts: The Interrelationship of Teaching Approaches and Student Learning Characteristics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author explored the potential to promote students' understanding of difficult science concepts through an examination of the interrelationships among the teachers' instructional approach, students' learning preference styles, and their levels of learning process. The concept \\

Hsiao-Ching She

2005-01-01

397

Machine learning: An artificial intelligence approach  

SciTech Connect

This book contains tutorial overviews and research papers on contemporary trends in the area of machine learning viewed from an AI perspective. Research directions covered include: learning from examples, modeling human learning strategies, knowledge acquisition for expert systems, learning heuristics, discovery systems, and conceptual data analysis.

Michalski, R.S.; Carbonell, J.G.; Mitchell, T.M.

1983-01-01

398

Design of a robotic mobility system with a modular haptic feedback approach to promote socialization in children.  

PubMed

Self-initiated mobility is a causal factor in children's development. Previous studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of our training methods in learning directional driving and navigation. The ultimate goal of mobility training is to enable children to be social, that is, to interact with their peers. A powered mobility device was developed that can localize itself, map the environment, plan an obstacle-free path to a goal, and ensure safety of a human driver. Combined with a positioning system, this system is able to apply a force field using a modular haptic feedback approach to train subjects to drive towards an object, a caregiver, a peer, or a group of peers. System feasibility was tested by designing a 'ball chasing' game. Results show that the system is promising in promoting socialization in children. PMID:24968377

Chen, Xi; Ragonesi, Christina; Galloway, James C; Agrawal, Sunil K

2014-01-01

399

Developing a Mobile Physics Learning Environment Based on Physics Misconception Research and e-Learning Design Principles  

Microsoft Academic Search

With a rapid increase in the number of people who own a handheld device, such as an iPod, education researchers and administrators started looking for a way to use a handheld device to foster student learning. However, the current use of a mobile device in education is quite limited. With few exceptions, it is mostly used as a simple media

Young-Jin Lee

2010-01-01

400

Intentionally Mobile Pedagogy: The M-COPE Framework for Mobile Learning in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasingly, the education world finds itself working in an environment that is full of mobile devices and tools. Students are likely to own smartphones and tablets and instructors are faced with the challenge of integrating mobile devices into their course activities, whether as a full delivery medium, an enhancement or an optional tool. The…

Dennen, Vanessa P.; Hao, Shuang

2014-01-01

401

Pervasive, Lifestyle-Integrated Mobile Learning for Distance Learners: An Analysis and Unexpected Results from a Podcasting Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article opens with a discussion of how and why mobile learning (m-learning) is purported to be the next step in the evolution of distance education, before looking at various perspectives on what m-learning constitutes. It critically examines the degree to which "true" m-learning has been achieved, by offering pedagogical value beyond the…

Lee, Mark J. W.; Chan, Anthony

2007-01-01

402

Dual Device User Interface Design for Ubiquitous Language Learning: Mobile Phone and Interactive Television (iTV)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe the design and development of a system that facilitates language learning from a combination of two devices, interactive television (iTV) and mobile phone. We present a number of requirements for technologies to support informal language learning based on theories of language learning, theories of formal and informal learning, our own studies of adult language learners

Sanaz Fallahkhair; Lyn Pemberton; Richard N. Griffiths

2005-01-01

403

A game-theoretic approach to computation offloading in mobile ...  

E-print Network

the benefits of computation offloading from mobile nodes to external servers while ... Mobile devices (e.g. smartphones and tablets) are more and more becoming the ...... In a cooperative scenario we determine the social optimum, that is the ...

2013-07-31

404

Mobile Learning, Cognitive Architecture and the Study of Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growing popularity of mobile devices, coupled with the ever-increasing number of high- quality e-books available for free download is causing a re-examination of core curriculum and instructional philosophies. Perhaps the most - making \\

Susan Smith Nash

2007-01-01

405

Investigating Learning in Physical Education--A Transactional Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to suggest and describe a methodological approach for studies of learning within school physical education (PE) in order to investigate and clarify issues of learning in an embodied practice. Drawing on John Dewey's work, and especially his use of the concept "transaction", a transactional approach is suggested as a…

Quennerstedt, Mikael; Ohman, Johan; Ohman, Marie

2011-01-01

406

Enhancing the Teaching-Learning Process: A Knowledge Management Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to emphasize the need for knowledge management (KM) in the teaching-learning process in technical educational institutions (TEIs) in India, and to assert the impact of information technology (IT) based KM intervention in the teaching-learning process. Design/methodology/approach: The approach of the paper is…

Bhusry, Mamta; Ranjan, Jayanthi

2012-01-01

407

A New Machine Learning Approach to Fingerprint Classification  

E-print Network

A New Machine Learning Approach to Fingerprint Classification Yuan Yao1 , Gian Luca Marcialis2 present new fingerprint classification algorithms based on two machine learning approaches: support vector of the fingerprint image. They are also used to extract a set of distributed features which can be integrated

Yao, Yuan

408

Approaches to Learning in a Second Year Chemical Engineering Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous findings from the study within which this research is located had uncovered students' approaches to learning in the context of a second year chemical engineering course. Using an analysis of students' reflections on their experience, the study has shown the existence of three approaches to learning in this context: an 'information-based'…

Case, Jennifer; Gunstone, Richard; Lewis, Alison

409

A probabilistic approach for learning folksonomies from structured data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning structured representations has emerged as an important problem in many domains, including document and Web data mining, bioinformatics, and image analysis. One approach to learning complex structures is to integrate many smaller, incomplete and noisy structure fragments. In this work, we present an unsupervised probabilistic approach that extends affinity propagation [7] to combine the small ontological fragments into a

Anon Plangprasopchok; Kristina Lerman; Lise Getoor

2011-01-01

410

Freedom Schools Then and Now: A Transformative Approach to Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to provide a historical and conceptual link between Ella Baker's Freedom School model and Paulo Freire's demand for critical education and emancipatory learning. Ella Baker, situated in the daunting environment of the Civil Rights Movement, saw education as a tool for social mobility for Mississippi residents…

Watson, Marcia

2014-01-01

411

A life-long learning vector quantization approach for interactive learning of multiple categories.  

PubMed

We present a new method capable of learning multiple categories in an interactive and life-long learning fashion to approach the "stability-plasticity dilemma". The problem of incremental learning of multiple categories is still largely unsolved. This is especially true for the domain of cognitive robotics, requiring real-time and interactive learning. To achieve the life-long learning ability for a cognitive system, we propose a new learning vector quantization approach combined with a category-specific feature selection method to allow several metrical "views" on the representation space of each individual vector quantization node. These category-specific features are incrementally collected during the learning process, so that a balance between the correction of wrong representations and the stability of acquired knowledge is achieved. We demonstrate our approach for a difficult visual categorization task, where the learning is applied for several complex-shaped objects rotated in depth. PMID:22227300

Kirstein, Stephan; Wersing, Heiko; Gross, Horst-Michael; Körner, Edgar

2012-04-01

412

PANDA: An Approach to Improve Flooding Based Route Discovery in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks  

E-print Network

1 PANDA: An Approach to Improve Flooding Based Route Discovery in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Jian Li in these pro- tocols and propose a Positional Attributes based Next-hop Determination Approach(PANDA, mobile ad hoc networks, PANDA, positional attributes based routing, power aware routing. I. INTRODUCTION

California at Davis, University of

413

Making learning whole: an instructional approach for mediating the practices of authentic science inquiries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This design experiment aimed to answer the question of how to mediate the practices of authentic science inquiries in primary education. An instructional approach based on activity theory was designed and carried out with multi-age students in a small village school. An open-ended learning task was offered to the older students. Their task was to design and implement instruction about the Ice Age to their younger fellows. The objective was collaborative learning among students, the teacher, and outside domain experts. Mobile phones and GPS technologies were applied as the main technological mediators in the learning process. Technology provided an opportunity to expand the learning environment outside the classroom, including the natural environment. Empirically, the goal was to answer the following questions: What kind of learning project emerged? How did the students' knowledge develop? What kinds of science learning processes, activities, and practices were represented? Multiple and parallel data were collected to achieve this aim. The data analysis revealed that the learning project both challenged the students to develop explanations for the phenomena and generated high quality conceptual and physical models in question. During the learning project, the roles of the community members were shaped, mixed, and integrated. The teacher also repeatedly evaluated and adjusted her behavior. The confidence of the learners in their abilities raised the quality of their learning outcomes. The findings showed that this instructional approach can not only mediate the kind of authentic practices that scientists apply but also make learning more holistic than it has been. Thus, it can be concluded that nature of the task, the tool-integrated collaborative inquiries in the natural environment, and the multiage setting can make learning whole.

Liljeström, Anu; Enkenberg, Jorma; Pöllänen, Sinikka

2013-03-01

414

Transforming Clinical Imaging and 3D Data for Virtual Reality Learning Objects: HTML5 and Mobile Devices Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Web deployable anatomical simulations or "virtual reality learning objects" can easily be produced with QuickTime VR software, but their use for online and mobile learning is being limited by the declining support for web browser plug-ins for personal computers and unavailability on popular mobile devices like Apple iPad and Android…

Trelease, Robert B.; Nieder, Gary L.

2013-01-01

415

Researching the Ethical Dimensions of Mobile, Ubiquitous and Immersive Technology Enhanced Learning (MUITEL): A Thematic Review and Dialogue  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we examine the ethical dimensions of researching the mobile, ubiquitous and immersive technology enhanced learning (MUITEL), with a particular focus on learning in informal settings. We begin with an analysis of the interactions between mobile, ubiquitous and immersive technologies and the wider context of the digital economy. In…

Lally, Vic; Sharples, Mike; Tracy, Frances; Bertram, Neil; Masters, Sherriden

2012-01-01

416

804 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUTOMATIC CONTROL, VOL. 55, NO. 3, MARCH 2010 Learning Coverage Control of Mobile Sensing Agents  

E-print Network

of Mobile Sensing Agents in One-Dimensional Stochastic Environments Jongeun Choi, Member, IEEE, and Roberto Terms--Coverage control, learning with kernels, mobile sensing agents. I. INTRODUCTION Coordination of autonomous agents and distributed mobile sensor networks have increasingly drawn the attention of engineers

Horowitz, Roberto

417

English as a foreign language learners’ perception of mobile assisted language learning: a cross-national study  

Microsoft Academic Search

While mobile devices are gradually starting to play an important role in the everyday lives of students, learning English on mobile phones is no longer a novelty for English as a foreign language (EFL) learners. While there is a wealth of literature that discusses the application of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in EFL education, studies on mobile assisted language

Liwei Hsu

2012-01-01

418

An Examination of the Effects of the Texas Farm Bureau Mobile Learning Barn Agricultural Education Program on Youth's Perceptions and Knowledge of Agriculture  

E-print Network

Farm Bureau Mobile Learning Barn, strive to educate youth about the importance of agriculture. This study documented the agricultural perceptions and knowledge of youth who attended the Texas Farm Bureau Mobile Learning Barn agricultural education...

Howard, Joni Leigh

2013-12-03

419

Integrated motion planning and model learning for mobile robots with application to marine vehicles  

E-print Network

Robust motion planning algorithms for mobile robots consider stochasticity in the dynamic model of the vehicle and the environment. A practical robust planning approach balances the duration of the motion plan with the ...

Greytak, Matthew B. (Matthew Bardeen)

2009-01-01

420

A Mobile Message Scheduling and Delivery System using m-Learning framework  

E-print Network

Wireless data communications in form of Short Message Service (SMS) and Wireless Access Protocols (WAP) browsers have gained global popularity, yet, not much has been done to extend the usage of these devices in electronic learning (e-learning) and information sharing. This project explores the extension of e learning into wireless/ handheld (W/H) computing devices with the help of a mobile learning (m-learning) framework. This framework provides the requirements to develop m-learning application that can be used to share academic and administrative information among people within the university campus. A prototype application has been developed to demonstrate the important functionality of the proposed system in simulated environment. This system is supposed to work both in bulk SMS and interactive SMS delivery mode. Here we have combined both Short Message Service (SMS) and Wireless Access Protocols (WAP) browsers. SMS is used for Short and in time information delivery and WAP is used for detailed informati...

Majumder, Moumita

2010-01-01

421

LEARNING AND MOTIVATION 15, 321-333 (1984) An Ecological Approach to Learning  

E-print Network

LEARNING AND MOTIVATION 15, 321-333 (1984) An Ecological Approach to Learning WILLIAM TIMBERLAKE systems of behavior. 0 1984 Academic Press. Inc. At the turn of the century the study of animal learning of natural problems, stimuli, and behavior. (The interested reader is referred to Galef, 1984, and Timberlake

Timberlake, William D.

422

Use of Blended Approach in the Learning of Electromagnetic Induction  

E-print Network

This paper traces the importance of pedagogical content knowledge in the digital age to prepare today students for the 21st century. It highlights the need for ICT-based pedagogical models that are grounded in both the learning theories of constructivism and connectivism. One such suitable ICT-based pedagogical model is the TSOI Hybrid Learning Model. By means of a physics blended learning exemplar based on the TSOI Hybrid Learning Model, this paper argues for the use of blended learning approach as the way forward for 21st century teaching.

Chew, Charles

2015-01-01

423

The Blackboard Mobile Learn app for Android devices allows you to access your Blackboard courses in the palm of your hands.  

E-print Network

The Blackboard Mobile Learn app for Android devices allows you to access your Blackboard courses. To download and install the app, go to the Play Store and search for Blackboard Mobile Learn 2. Once you have with the Blackboard Mobile App, please visit Blackboard Mobile Resource Center at http

Qiu, Weigang

424

The Changing Social Spaces of Learning: Mapping New Mobilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Writing on contemporary culture and social life, sociologists and cultural theorists have been describing new or changing forms of movement, variously described as cultural "flows," "liquid life," or a "networked society." The change in such movements or mobilities of people, media, material goods, and other social phenomena, including the reach…

Leander, Kevin M.; Phillips, Nathan C.; Taylor, Katherine Headrick

2010-01-01

425

SUPPORTING TEACHERS TO DESIGN AND USE MOBILE COLLABORATIVE LEARNING GAMES  

E-print Network

, given the fact that group work facilitates learning through social interactions and increases) for teaching has also increased now that a large amount of students own smartphones. For example, several

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

426

Parenting for Social Mobility? Home Learning, Parental Warmth, Class and Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parenting has come to play a pivotal role in breaking intergenerational disadvantage and increasing children's life chances and social mobility through practices such as parental support with their learning and education. Using a UK representative sample from the Millennium Cohort Study, the present study examined the unique and cumulative…

Hartas, Dimitra

2015-01-01

427

Methods of Adapting Digital Content for the Learning Process via Mobile Devices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyses different methods of adapting digital content for its delivery via mobile devices taking into account two aspects which are a fundamental part of the learning process; on the one hand, functionality of the contents, and on the other, the actual controlled navigation requirements that the learner needs in order to acquire high…

Lopez, J. L. Gimenez; Royo, T. Magal; Laborda, Jesus Garcia; Calvo, F. Garde

2009-01-01

428

Any Time, Any Place, Any Pace-Really? Examining Mobile Learning in a Virtual School Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past decade, the number of K-12 students engaged in online learning has increased from between 40,000 and 50,000 to more than two million. Students have also gained increased access to mobile devices throughout recent years, and educators have actively looked for ways to capitalize on this trend. A case study of students enrolled in an…

Barbour, Michael K.; Grzebyk, Tamme Quinn; Eye, John

2014-01-01

429

Mobile App Design for Teaching and Learning: Educators' Experiences in an Online Graduate Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research explored how educators with limited programming experiences learned to design mobile apps through peer support and instructor guidance. Educators were positive about the sense of community in this online course. They also considered App Inventor a great web-based visual programming tool for developing useful and fully functioning…

Hsu, Yu-Chang; Ching, Yu-Hui

2013-01-01

430

The Iterative Design of a Mobile Learning Application to Support Scientific Inquiry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ubiquity of mobile devices makes them well suited for field-based learning experiences that require students to gather data as part of the process of developing scientific inquiry practices. The usefulness of these devices, however, is strongly influenced by the nature of the applications students use to collect data in the field. To…

Marty, Paul F.; Mendenhall, Anne; Douglas, Ian; Southerland, Sherry A.; Sampson, Victor; Kazmer, Michelle M.; Alemanne, Nicole; Clark, Amanda; Schellinger, Jennifer

2013-01-01

431

User Modelling and Mobile Learning Educational Technology Research Group, Electronic, Electrical and Computer Engineering,  

E-print Network

: a location-aware user modelling system providing easy access to applications, files and course materials students in their learning: (1) a location-aware system to offer easy access to the applications, files commonly used by an individual student in different locations; and a mobile open learner model

Bull, Susan

432

How Flexible Grouping Affects the Collaborative Patterns in a Mobile-Assisted Chinese Character Learning Game?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the impacts of spontaneous student grouping to develop young students' orthographic awareness in the process of learning Chinese characters. A mobile-assisted Chinese character forming game is used to assign each student a Chinese character component on their smartphones through a wireless network. Fifteen Singaporean…

Wong, Lung-Hsiang; Hsu, Ching-Kun; Sun, Jizhen; Boticki, Ivica

2013-01-01

433

Implementing Mobile Learning Curricula in Schools: A Programme of Research from Innovation to Scaling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many countries, regions and education districts in the world have experimented with models of one-device-per-student as an enabler of new or effective pedagogies supported by mobile technologies. Researchers have also designed innovations or interventions for possible adoption by schools or for informal learning. Of critical interest to the…

Looi, Chee-Kit; Wong, Lung-Hsiang

2014-01-01

434

Using mobile game-based technologies to engage young adults in lifelong learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tough challenges face Higher Education in a knowledge-based, net-centric economy as we gear up to meet the pressures of global competition. New perspectives are needed in catering for the needs and interests of learners who have grown up in a digital age. Increasingly schools, colleges and universities are harnessing mobile technologies and the Internet to support learning. At the same

Alice Mitchell; Dragan Cisic

435

Effects of Mobile Instant Messaging on Collaborative Learning Processes and Outcomes: The Case of South Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper was to investigate the effects of mobile instant messaging on collaborative learning processes and outcomes. The collaborative processes were measured in terms of different types of interactions. We measured the outcomes of the collaborations through both the students' taskwork and their teamwork. The collaborative…

Kim, Hyewon; Lee, MiYoung; Kim, Minjeong

2014-01-01

436

Exploring the Potential of Podcasting to Deliver Mobile Ubiquitous Learning in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Podcasting facilitates the timely delivery of digital audio content such as MP3 files to a user's desktop, as it becomes available. The authors believe it holds tremendous potential as a low-cost, low-barrier tool for mobile ubiquitous learning, given the large uptake of portable music players. This paper explores some of the possibilities for…

Lee, Mark J. W.; Chan, Anthony

2006-01-01

437

Build robots that autonomously navigate and manipulate objects! Learn the fundamentals of mobile robotics!  

E-print Network

· Build robots that autonomously navigate and manipulate objects! · Learn the fundamentals of mobile robotics! · Explore topics like vision, navigation, localization, and kinematics! Course Objective This project course is a hands-on introduction to robotics. You will be introduced to the basic concepts

Goldwasser, Shafi

438

Mobile-Assisted Language Learning: A Selected Annotated Bibliography of Implementation Studies 1994-2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past 20 years, project implementation descriptions have accounted for the majority of Mobile-Assisted Language Learning (MALL) publications, some 345 in total. Those interested in MALL applications thus need to read widely to acquire an adequate perspective of MALL implementations. The intent of this bibliography is to facilitate this…

Burston, Jack

2013-01-01

439

Learning Bayesian network structure from environment and sensor planning for mobile robot localization  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose a method for sensor planning for a mobile robot localization problem. We represent causal relation between local sensing results, actions, and belief of the global localization using a Bayesian network. Initially, the structure of the Bayesian network is learned from the complete data of the environment using K2 algorithm combined with GA (genetic algorithm). In

Hongjun Zhou; Shigeyuki Sakane

2003-01-01

440

Sensor planning and Bayesian network structure learning for mobile robot localization  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we propose a novel method of sensor planning for a mobile robot localization problem. We represent causal relation between local sensing results, actions, and belief of the global localization using a Bayesian network. Initially, the structure of the Bayesian network is learned from the complete data of the environment using K2 algorithm combined with GA (genetic algorithm).

Hongjun Zhou; Shigeyuki Sakane

2003-01-01

441

Mobile technologies: prospects for their use in learning in informal science settings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent developments in mobile technologies have offered the potential to support learners studying a variety of subjects. In this paper we explore the possibilities related to science learners and in particular focus on science learners in informal settings and reflect on a number of recent projects in order to consider the prospects for such work. The debate on informal learning

Eileen Scanlon; Ann Jones; Jenny Waycott

2005-01-01

442

Scientific Inquiry, Digital Literacy, and Mobile Computing in Informal Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding the connections between scientific inquiry and digital literacy in informal learning environments is essential to furthering students' critical thinking and technology skills. The Habitat Tracker project combines a standards-based curriculum focused on the nature of science with an integrated system of online and mobile

Marty, Paul F.; Alemanne, Nicole D.; Mendenhall, Anne; Maurya, Manisha; Southerland, Sherry A.; Sampson, Victor; Douglas, Ian; Kazmer, Michelle M.; Clark, Amanda; Schellinger, Jennifer

2013-01-01

443

ccsd00003940, Learning to automatically detect features for mobile robots using  

E-print Network

ccsd­00003940, version 1 ­ 24 Jan 2005 Learning to automatically detect features for mobile robots; GRAVIR - IMAG LORIA Autonomy and Robotics Area Joseph Fourier University Nancy2 University NASA Ames robots to automatically detect features. Hid- den Markov Models have been used for a long time in pattern

444

An Interface for Math e-Learning on Pen-Based Mobile Devices  

E-print Network

An Interface for Math e-Learning on Pen-Based Mobile Devices Mitsushi Fujimoto Department devices may be used for math- ematics instruction. It is convenient to split the function of a math e of presentation, and support a wide range of innovative student evaluation methods. On the other hand, since

Watt, Stephen M.

445

Mobile Learning: New Tools Flying in the Face of the Same Old Schooling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Currently mobile learning is making headlines in the educational press as a possible path for transforming education, just like it has significantly changed communication in business and society generally. Technology in American schools has a decades-long history of failure compared with its use outside schooling. Until the structure and political…

Berge, Zane L.

2013-01-01

446

A Scalable Distributed Approach to Mobile Robot Vision  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper documents our progress during the first year of work on our original proposal entitled 'A Scalable Distributed Approach to Mobile Robot Vision'. We are pursuing a strategy for real-time visual identification and tracking of complex objects which does not rely on specialized image-processing hardware. In this system perceptual schemas represent objects as a graph of primitive features. Distributed software agents identify and track these features, using variable-geometry image subwindows of limited size. Active control of imaging parameters and selective processing makes simultaneous real-time tracking of many primitive features tractable. Perceptual schemas operate independently from the tracking of primitive features, so that real-time tracking of a set of image features is not hurt by latency in recognition of the object that those features make up. The architecture allows semantically significant features to be tracked with limited expenditure of computational resources, and allows the visual computation to be distributed across a network of processors. Early experiments are described which demonstrate the usefulness of this formulation, followed by a brief overview of our more recent progress (after the first year).

Kuipers, Benjamin; Browning, Robert L.; Gribble, William S.

1997-01-01

447

Learning from Tutorials: A Qualitative Study of Approaches to Learning and Perceptions of Tutorial Interaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines differences in university students' approaches to learning when attending tutorials as well as variation in students' perceptions of tutorials as an educational arena. In-depth qualitative analysis of semi-structured interviews with undergraduates showed how surface and deep approaches to learning were revealed in the…

Herrmann, Kim Jesper

2014-01-01

448

Learning Approach and Learning Strengths: A Case Study in an Ultraorthodox Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study furthers the understanding of the connections between learning approaches and learning strengths. The research population embraced 65 males from the Jewish ultraorthodox community, who abide by distinct methods of study. One group follows the very didactic, linear and structured approach with performance orientation, while the second…

Aflalo, Ester

2012-01-01

449

Comparison of approaches for mobile document image analysis using server supported smartphones  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the recent advances in mobile technologies, new capabilities are emerging, such as mobile document image analysis. However, mobile phones are still less powerful than servers, and they have some resource limitations. One approach to overcome these limitations is performing resource-intensive processes of the application on remote servers. In mobile document image analysis, the most resource consuming process is the Optical Character Recognition (OCR) process, which is used to extract text in mobile phone captured images. In this study, our goal is to compare the in-phone and the remote server processing approaches for mobile document image analysis in order to explore their trade-offs. For the inphone approach, all processes required for mobile document image analysis run on the mobile phone. On the other hand, in the remote-server approach, core OCR process runs on the remote server and other processes run on the mobile phone. Results of the experiments show that the remote server approach is considerably faster than the in-phone approach in terms of OCR time, but adds extra delays such as network delay. Since compression and downscaling of images significantly reduce file sizes and extra delays, the remote server approach overall outperforms the in-phone approach in terms of selected speed and correct recognition metrics, if the gain in OCR time compensates for the extra delays. According to the results of the experiments, using the most preferable settings, the remote server approach performs better than the in-phone approach in terms of speed and acceptable correct recognition metrics.

Ozarslan, Suleyman; Eren, P. Erhan

2014-03-01

450

Child Development: An Active Learning Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within each chapter of this innovative topical text, the authors engage students by demonstrating the wide range of real-world applications of psychological research connected to child development. In particular, the distinctive Active Learning features incorporated throughout the book foster a dynamic and personal learning process for students.…

Levine, Laura E.; Munsch, Joyce

2010-01-01

451

Understanding Observational Learning: An Interbehavioral Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Observational learning is an important area in the field of psychology and behavior science more generally. Given this, it is essential that behavior analysts articulate a sound theory of how behavior change occurs through observation. This paper begins with an overview of seminal research in the area of observational learning, followed by a…

Fryling, Mitch J.; Johnston, Cristin; Hayes, Linda J.

2011-01-01

452

A New Approach to Group Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To help teachers plan strategy for working with a learning group, 12 factors affecting a learning group are discussed and a series of check points are identified as criteria for evaluation. Concepts and principles of group dynamics are drawn from sociology and the work of Carl Rogers. (Author/AJ)

Parsons, Jerry

1976-01-01

453

Learning from project experiences using a legacy-based approach  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As project teams become used more widely, the question of how to capitalize on the knowledge learned in project teams remains an open issue. Using previous research on shared cognition in groups, an approach to promoting post-project learning was developed. This Legacy Review concept was tested on four in tact project teams. The results from those test sessions were used to develop a model of team learning via group cognitive processes. The model and supporting propositions are presented.

Cooper, Lynne P.; Majchrzak, Ann; Faraj, Samer

2005-01-01

454

Smart apps for applied machine learning on mobile devices: the MOMO project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The MOMO Project consists of the parts Mobile Computing and ECO Mobility. We present research results from a subproject of the Mobile Computing part. In particular we develop Smart-Apps for modern smartphones. These applications gather data from the owners to be filtered and processed central or distributed. The applications target persons or streams of visitors at events as e.g. concerts, amusement parks or any other official buildings. Smart Apps will work up this data, visualize it and most of all allow an intelligent prediction of the user's behavior together with recommendations. Therefore we discuss visualization strategies and the underlying machine learning concepts and applications on the mobile and on the server-side.

Edlich, Stefan; Vogler, Mathias

2013-03-01

455

Mobile Game-Based Methodology for Science Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work presents the features and results of a problem-solving collaborative game for 8th graders science classes’ curriculum. Software for pocketPC was developed for this game, based on a complete framework methodology\\u000a with students and teachers. From our point of view, the key to integrate mobile devices into school is the methodological\\u000a framework which provides meaning; technology by itself does

Jaime Sánchez; Alvaro Salinas; Mauricio Sáenz

2007-01-01

456

Incremental Learning with Accuracy Prediction of Social and Individual Properties from Mobile-Phone Data  

E-print Network

Mobile phones are quickly becoming the primary source for social, behavioral, and environmental sensing and data collection. Today's smartphones are equipped with increasingly more sensors and accessible data types that enable the collection of literally dozens of signals related to the phone, its user, and its environment. A great deal of research effort in academia and industry is put into mining this raw data for higher level sense-making, such as understanding user context, inferring social networks, learning individual features, predicting outcomes, and so on. In this work we investigate the properties of learning and inference of real world data collected via mobile phones over time. In particular, we look at the dynamic learning process over time, and how the ability to predict individual parameters and social links is incrementally enhanced with the accumulation of additional data. To do this, we use the Friends and Family dataset, which contains rich data signals gathered from the smartphones of 140 ...

Altshuler, Yaniv; Fire, Michael; Elovici, Yuval; Pentland, Alex

2011-01-01

457

International return mobility, learning and knowledge transfer: a case study of Slovak doctors.  

PubMed

International mobility provides opportunities for learning and knowledge transfer by health care workers, with significant potential benefits for countries of destination and, in the case of returned migration, countries of origin. This is examined using a typology that recognizes four types of tacit knowledge: embrained, embodied, embedded, and encultured. There are, however, constraints to learning and knowledge transfer in the form of professional and social recognition as well as language barriers and power relationships. These theoretical ideas are explored through a case study of internationally mobile Slovak doctors after their return to Slovakia. Individual learning and knowledge sharing with colleagues, both abroad and after return, are analysed through in-depth interviews. PMID:18845371

Williams, Allan M; Baláz, Vladimir

2008-12-01

458

Multi-modal biometric approach to enable high security in mobile adhoc network  

Microsoft Academic Search

The application of multi-modal biometric methods in securing mobile ad-hoc network has been addressed in this paper. A MANET is an infra structure less network for mobile devices connected by wireless link. The mobile network is often vulnerable to security attacks even though there are many traditional approaches, due to its features of open medium and dynamic changing topology. Multi-modal

S. Deepan Chakravarthy; P. Infant Kingsly; Mahendran Sadhasivam; C. Jayakumar

2012-01-01

459

HAWAII: a domain-based approach for supporting mobility in wide-area wireless networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile IP is the current standard for supporting macromobility of mobile hosts. However, in the case of micromobility support, there are several competing proposals. In this paper, we present the design, implementation, and performance evaluation of HAWAII, a domain-based approach for supporting mobility. HAWAII uses specialized path setup schemes which install host-based forwarding entries in specific routers to support intra-domain

Ramachandran Ramjee; Kannan Varadhan; Luca Salgarelli; Sandra R. Thuel; Shie-Yuan Wang; Thomas F. La Porta

2002-01-01

460

Learning Objects Update: Review and Critical Approach to Content Aggregation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The structure and composite nature of a learning object is still open to interpretation. Although several theoretical studies advocate integrated approaches to the structure and aggregation level of learning objects, in practice, many content specifications, such as SCORM, IMS Content Packaging, and course authoring tools, do not explicitly state…

Balatsoukas, Panos; Morris, Anne; O'Brien, Ann

2008-01-01

461

Practical Approaches to Using Learning Styles in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this collection of essays is on new approaches to teaching in higher education. Selections are organized in five sections; the first section focuses on learning styles, while the remaining sections focus on applications in various academic disciplines. The chapters include: (1) "Capitalizing on College Students' Learning Styles:…

Dunn, Rita, Ed.; Griggs, Shirley A., Ed.

462

Teaching and Learning as Communication: A Cultural Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With an ethnographic approach, this paper focused on the process of students' learning. It examines students' feelings about learning environments and expectations of college education, as well as professors' experiences with college teaching and their views of teachers' role in contemporary society. Unstructured, intensive interviews were…

Chen, Zhuojun (Joyce)

463

Approaches to Learning: Supporting Brain Development for School Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prenatally and in infants and toddlers, the brain is being constructed as a foundation for all later learning. Positive early experiences contribute to the formation of a brain that is capable, early in infancy, of utilizing and strengthening the basic processes of learning. Throughout a lifetime, a person will repeatedly use these approaches to…

Petersen, Sandra

2012-01-01

464

Teaching Math in the Primary Grades: The Learning Trajectories Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's thinking follows natural developmental paths in learning math. When teachers understand those paths and offer activities based on children's progress along them, they build developmentally appropriate math environments. The authors explain math learning trajectories and why teaching math using the trajectories approach is effective. A…

Sarama, Julie; Clements, Douglas

2009-01-01

465

A Hybrid Approach to University Subject Learning Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to get a better understanding of subject design and delivery using a hybrid approach, we have studied a hybrid learning postgraduate programme offered by the University of the Andes, Bogota, Colombia. The study analyses students' perceptions of subject design and delivery, with particular reference to learning activities and the roles of…

Osorio Gomez, Luz Adriana; Duart, Josep M.

2012-01-01

466

Group Experiential Learning with Undergraduate Nursing Students: An Interdisciplinary Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examined an interdisciplinary, collaborative experiential group learning approach, in which undergraduate nursing students met in small groups led by counseling doctoral student co-leaders. Statistical analysis suggests that the teaching method lead to learning of group concepts. Discussion addresses anecdotal observations, limitations, and implications for interdisciplinary collaboration.

M. Carole Pistole; Jane Kinyon; Cynthia Bozich Keith

2008-01-01

467

Situated Poetry Learning Using Multimedia Resource Sharing Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators have emphasized the importance of situating students in an authentic learning environment. By using such approach, teachers can encourage students to learn Chinese poems by browsing content resources and relevant online multimedia resources by using handheld devices. Nevertheless, students in heterogeneous network environments may have…

Yang, Che-Ching; Tseng, Shian-Shyong; Liao, Anthony Y. H.; Liang, Tyne

2013-01-01

468

Blended Learning in Higher Education: Three Different Design Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Blended learning has been growing in popularity as it has proved to be an effective approach for accommodating an increasingly diverse student population whilst adding value to the learning environment through incorporation of online teaching resources. Despite this growing interest, there is ongoing debate about the definition of the concept of…

Alammary, Ali; Sheard, Judy; Carbone, Angela

2014-01-01

469

Transforming Community Colleges Using a Learning Outcomes Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on theories and practices related to outcomes-based learning (OBL), this paper presents arguments for adopting an OBL approach in Canada's community colleges. Introductory sections review internal and external reasons for making changes to the teaching and learning paradigm, such as new demands for training and reduced funding. Part I…

Shipley, Dale

470

Personalized Mobile English Vocabulary Learning System Based on Item Response Theory and Learning Memory Cycle  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since learning English is very popular in non-English speaking countries, developing modern assisted-learning tools that support effective English learning is a critical issue in the English-language education field. Learning English involves memorization and practice of a large number of vocabulary words and numerous grammatical structures.…

Chen, C. M.; Chung, C. J.

2008-01-01

471

Reliability and Validity Study of the Mobile Learning Adoption Scale Developed Based on the Diffusion of Innovations Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, a mobile learning adoption scale (MLAS) was developed on the basis of Rogers' (2003) Diffusion of Innovations Theory. The scale that was developed consists of four sections. These sections are as follows: Stages in the innovation-decision process, Types of m-learning decision, Innovativeness level and attributes of m-learning.…

Celik, Ismail; Sahin, Ismail; Aydin, Mustafa

2014-01-01

472

Scanlon, E., Jones, A. & Waycott, J. (2005). Mobile technologies: prospects for their use in learning in informal science settings.  

E-print Network

in learning in informal science settings. Journal of Interactive Media in Education 2005(25). [jime, informal learning, science education Commentaries: All JIME articles are published with links December 2005 ISSN: 1365-893X Mobile technologies: prospects for their use in learning in informal science

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

473

Making mLearning Work: Utilizing Mobile Technology for Active Exploration, Collaboration, Assessment, and Reflection in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The convergence of mobile technologies into student-centered learning environments requires academic institutions to design new and more effective learning, teaching, and user experience strategies. In this article we share results from an mLearning design experiment and analysis from a student survey conducted at the National College of Ireland.…

Fisher, Mercedes; Baird, Derek E.

2007-01-01

474

IGR Report Guido Bugmann -Project: GR/M90023/01 Instruction-Based Learning for Mobile Robots (IBL)  

E-print Network

1 IGR ­ Report ­ Guido Bugmann - Project: GR/M90023/01 Instruction-Based Learning for Mobile Robots. To develop principles and an architecture for instruction-based learning in the context of natural language research has been devoted to Instruction-Based Learning (IBL) (Huffman and Laird, 1995; Crangle and Suppes

Bugmann, Guido

475

An active learning approach with uncertainty, representativeness, and diversity.  

PubMed

Big data from the Internet of Things may create big challenge for data classification. Most active learning approaches select either uncertain or representative unlabeled instances to query their labels. Although several active learning algorithms have been proposed to combine the two criteria for query selection, they are usually ad hoc in finding unlabeled instances that are both informative and representative and fail to take the diversity of instances into account. We address this challenge by presenting a new active learning framework which considers uncertainty, representativeness, and diversity creation. The proposed approach provides a systematic way for measuring and combining the uncertainty, representativeness, and diversity of an instance. Firstly, use instances' uncertainty and representativeness to constitute the most informative set. Then, use the kernel k-means clustering algorithm to filter the redundant samples and the resulting samples are queried for labels. Extensive experimental results show that the proposed approach outperforms several state-of-the-art active learning approaches. PMID:25180208

He, Tianxu; Zhang, Shukui; Xin, Jie; Zhao, Pengpeng; Wu, Jian; Xian, Xuefeng; Li, Chunhua; Cui, Zhiming

2014-01-01

476

An Active Learning Approach with Uncertainty, Representativeness, and Diversity  

PubMed Central

Big data from the Internet of Things may create big challenge for data classification. Most active learning approaches select either uncertain or representative unlabeled instances to query their labels. Although several active learning algorithms have been proposed to combine the two criteria for query selection, they are usually ad hoc in finding unlabeled instances that are both informative and representative and fail to take the diversity of instances into account. We address this challenge by presenting a new active learning framework which considers uncertainty, representativeness, and diversity creation. The proposed approach provides a systematic way for measuring and combining the uncertainty, representativeness, and diversity of an instance. Firstly, use instances' uncertainty and representativeness to constitute the most informative set. Then, use the kernel k-means clustering algorithm to filter the redundant samples and the resulting samples are queried for labels. Extensive experimental results show that the proposed approach outperforms several state-of-the-art active learning approaches. PMID:25180208

He, Tianxu; Zhang, Shukui; Xin, Jie; Xian, Xuefeng; Li, Chunhua; Cui, Zhiming

2014-01-01

477

Introductory Chemistry: An Active Learning Approach, 3rd Edition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the General Chemistry textbook, Introductory Chemistry: An Active Learning Approach, 3rd Edition, by Mark S. Cracolice, Edward I. Peters published by Brooks/Cole, 2007.

478

Mobile Distance Learning with Smartphones and Apps in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, the results of researcher' ongoing activities regarding the use of smartphones and a specific subject-app used at the Spanish National University of Distance Education (UNED) have been reported. The purpose of this trial is to assess the app's didactic use and potential to enhance student learning in university subjects in…

Vázquez-Cano, Esteban

2014-01-01

479

Learning in a Mobile Age: An Investigation of Student Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this single-case study was to explore the lived experiences of a grade 6 teacher and students who used tablets as part of their classroom instruction. Malone and Lepper's taxonomy of intrinsic motivations for learning is used as a framework for examining whether and how this particular theory of motivation applies equally well…

Ciampa, K.

2014-01-01

480

Unified Approach To Control Of Motions Of Mobile Robots  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Improved computationally efficient scheme developed for on-line coordinated control of both manipulation and mobility of robots that include manipulator arms mounted on mobile bases. Present scheme similar to one described in "Coordinated Control of Mobile Robotic Manipulators" (NPO-19109). Both schemes based on configuration-control formalism. Present one incorporates explicit distinction between holonomic and nonholonomic constraints. Several other prior articles in NASA Tech Briefs discussed aspects of configuration-control formalism. These include "Increasing the Dexterity of Redundant Robots" (NPO-17801), "Redundant Robot Can Avoid Obstacles" (NPO-17852), "Configuration-Control Scheme Copes with Singularities" (NPO-18556), "More Uses for Configuration Control of Robots" (NPO-18607/NPO-18608).

Seraji, Homayoun

1995-01-01

481

Extracting Significant Places from Mobile User GPS Trajectories: A Bearing Change Based Approach  

E-print Network

Extracting Significant Places from Mobile User GPS Trajectories: A Bearing Change Based Approach Tanusri Bhattacharya, Lars Kulik, James Bailey The University of Melbourne Department of Computing}@unimelb.edu.au ABSTRACT Moving object data, in particular of mobile users, is becoming widely available. A GPS trajectory

Bailey, James

482

Decentralized Cooperative Manipulation with a Swarm of Mobile Robots: the approach problem  

E-print Network

Decentralized Cooperative Manipulation with a Swarm of Mobile Robots: the approach problem Joel M. The results are illustrated in simulation. I. INTRODUCTION Robot swarms1 are large groups of small, relatively we consider cooperative manipula- tion problems where a large group (swarm) of non-articulated mobile

Esposito, Joel M.

483

Triton: A Carrier-based Approach for Detecting and Mitigating Mobile Malware  

E-print Network

Triton: A Carrier-based Approach for Detecting and Mitigating Mobile Malware Arati Baliga1 fraudulent revenue streams. In this paper, we describe Triton, a new, network-based architecture, and a prototype implementation of it, for detecting and mitigating mobile malware. Our implementation of Triton

Fisher, Kathleen

484

Financial Bubbles: A Learning Effect Modelling Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter studies financial bubbles by incorporating a learning effect into the coordination game model which was articulated\\u000a by Ozdenoren and Yuan [36]. Monte Carlo simulation is then utilised to analyse how the addition of a learning effect impacts\\u000a upon the investment decision of informed investors as well as the formation of the aggregate investment. The simulation exercise\\u000a demonstrates that

Tsung-Han Hsieh; Youwei Li; Donal G. McKillop

485

Service-Learning Pedagogy: Benefits of a Learning Community Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Service-learning is, by nature, continually evolving. Seifer (1996) stressed the importance of partnerships between communities and schools, and stated that reflection should facilitate the connection between practice and theory, and lead to critical thinking. Before these reflective activities occur, however, much can be done to maximize…

Flinders, Brooke A.

2013-01-01

486

A cognitive approach to vision for a mobile robot  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe a cognitive vision system for a mobile robot. This system works in a manner similar to the human vision system, using saccadic, vergence and pursuit movements to extract information from visual input. At each fixation, the system builds a 3D model of a small region, combining information about distance, shape, texture and motion. These 3D models are embedded within an overall 3D model of the robot's environment. This approach turns the computer vision problem into a search problem, with the goal of constructing a physically realistic model of the entire environment. At each step, the vision system selects a point in the visual input to focus on. The distance, shape, texture and motion information are computed in a small region and used to build a mesh in a 3D virtual world. Background knowledge is used to extend this structure as appropriate, e.g. if a patch of wall is seen, it is hypothesized to be part of a large wall and the entire wall is created in the virtual world, or if part of an object is recognized, the whole object's mesh is retrieved from the library of objects and placed into the virtual world. The difference between the input from the real camera and from the virtual camera is compared using local Gaussians, creating an error mask that indicates the main differences between them. This is then used to select the next points to focus on. This approach permits us to use very expensive algorithms on small localities, thus generating very accurate models. It also is task-oriented, permitting the robot to use its knowledge about its task and goals to decide which parts of the environment need to be examined. The software components of this architecture include PhysX for the 3D virtual world, OpenCV and the Point Cloud Library for visual processing, and the Soar cognitive architecture, which controls the perceptual processing and robot planning. The hardware is a custom-built pan-tilt stereo color camera. We describe experiments using both static and moving objects.

Benjamin, D. Paul; Funk, Christopher; Lyons, Damian

2013-05-01

487

New approaches to human mobility: using mobile phones for demographic research.  

PubMed

This article explores new methods for gathering and analyzing spatially rich demographic data using mobile phones. It describes a pilot study (the Human Mobility Project) in which volunteers around the world were successfully recruited to share GPS and cellular tower information on their trajectories and respond to dynamic, location-based surveys using an open-source Android application. The pilot study illustrates the great potential of mobile phone methodology for moving spatial measures beyond residential census units and investigating a range of important social phenomena, including the heterogeneity of activity spaces, the dynamic nature of spatial segregation, and the contextual dependence of subjective well-being. PMID:23192393

Palmer, John R B; Espenshade, Thomas J; Bartumeus, Frederic; Chung, Chang Y; Ozgencil, Necati Ercan; Li, Kathleen

2013-06-01

488

Mobile Learning: The Significance of New Mobile and Wireless Communications Technologies for Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a At present, the popular perception of mobile telephones in the UK, including the education sector, is generally negative:\\u000a they are perceived as a nuisance and distraction (Stone, 2002, p. 262).\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a The image of schoolchildren staring out of the classroom window, minds preoccupied with daydreams, could be supplanted by\\u000a one of students staring forward — not daydreaming but interacting with vibrating

Gerard Goggin

489

Hybrid fuel cell for mobile devices : an integrated approach  

E-print Network

As mobile devices advance to 3G and beyond, there will be a pressing need for increased power to drive these devices, which the current batteries cannot provide. The direct methanol fuel cell has been identified as a ...

Sohn, Munhee, 1981-

2006-01-01

490

A Cognitive Approach to Student-Centered e-Learning  

SciTech Connect

Like traditional classroom instruction, distance/electronic learning (e-Learning) derives from largely behaviorist computer-based instruction paradigms that tend to reflect passive training philosophies. Over the past thirty years, more flexible, student-centered classroom teaching methods have been advocated based on the concepts of ''discovery'' learning and ''active'' learning; student-centered approaches are likewise encouraged in the development of e-Learning applications. Nevertheless, many e-Learning applications that employ state-of-the art multimedia technology in which students interact with simulations, animations, video, and sounds still fail to meet their expected training potential. Implementation of multimedia-based training features may give the impression of engaging the student in more active forms of learning, but sophisticated use of multimedia features does not necessarily produce the desired effect. This paper briefly reviews some general guidelines for applying cognitive science principles to development of student-centered e-Learning applications and describes a cognitive approach to e-Learning development that is being undertaken for the US Army.

Greitzer, Frank L.

2002-09-30

491

Using Mobile & Personal Sensing Technologies to Support Health Behavior Change in Everyday Life: Lessons Learned  

PubMed Central

Lifestyle modification is a key facet of the prevention and management of chronic diseases. Mobile devices that people already carry provide a promising platform for facilitating these lifestyle changes. This paper describes key lessons learned from the development and evaluation of two mobile systems for encouraging physical activity. We argue that by supporting persistent cognitive activation of health goals, encouraging an extensive range of relevant healthy behaviors, focusing on long-term patterns of activity, and facilitating social support as an optional but not primary motivator, systems can be developed that effectively motivate behavior change and provide support when and where people make decisions that affect their health. PMID:20351876

Klasnja, Predrag; Consolvo, Sunny; McDonald, David W.; Landay, James A.; Pratt, Wanda

2009-01-01

492

TeleMorph: A Fuzzy Logic Approach to Network-Aware Transmoding in Mobile Intelligent Multimedia Presentation Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile intelligent multimedia presentation systems are limited by various constraints including mobile network characteristics, mobile device capabilities, and user preferences. Those presentation systems which incorporate remotely stored multimedia rely on the bandwidth which is available during actual content transmission on the connecting mobile network. One approach to deal with this is to transcode content, thus reducing its data rate requirement,

Anthony J. Solon; Paul McKevitt; Kevin Curran

2007-01-01

493

ARMrayan Multimedia Mobile CMS: a Simplified Approach towards Content-Oriented Mobile Application Designing  

E-print Network

The ARMrayan Multimedia Mobile CMS (Content Management System) is the first mobile CMS that gives the opportunity to users for creating multimedia J2ME mobile applications with their desired content, design and logo; simply, without any need for writing even a line of code. The low-level programming and compatibility problems of the J2ME, along with UI designing difficulties, makes it hard for most people -even programmers- to broadcast their content to the widespread mobile phones used by nearly all people. This system provides user-friendly, PC-based tools for creating a tree index of pages and inserting multiple multimedia contents (e.g. sound, video and picture) in each page for creating a J2ME mobile application. The output is a stand-alone Java mobile application that has a user interface, shows texts and pictures and plays music and videos regardless of the type of devices used as long as the devices support the J2ME platform. Bitmap fonts have also been used thus Middle Eastern languages can be easily...

Manashty, Ali Reza; Jahromi, Zahra Forootan; Rajabzadeh, Amir

2010-01-01

494

Reinforcement function design and bias for efficient learning in mobile robots  

SciTech Connect

The main paradigm in sub-symbolic learning robot domain is the reinforcement learning method. Various techniques have been developed to deal with the memorization/generalization problem, demonstrating the superior ability of artificial neural network implementations. In this paper, the authors address the issue of designing the reinforcement so as to optimize the exploration part of the learning. They also present and summarize works relative to the use of bias intended to achieve the effective synthesis of the desired behavior. Demonstrative experiments involving a self-organizing map implementation of the Q-learning and real mobile robots (Nomad 200 and Khepera) in a task of obstacle avoidance behavior synthesis are described. 3 figs., 5 tabs.

Touzet, C. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Computer Science and Mathematics Div.; Santos, J.M. [Univ. of Buenos Aires (Argentina). Dept. Computacion

1998-06-01

495

Learning Performance Assessment Approach Using Web-Based Learning Portfolios for E-learning Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning performance assessment using learning portfolios or Web log data is essential in the Web-based learning field, owing to the rapid growth of e-learning systems globally and lack of assisted authoring tools for Web-based learning performance assessment. The traditional summative evaluation by performing examinations or feedback forms can be employed to evaluate the learning performance for both traditional classroom learning

Chih-Ming Chen; Yi-Yun Chen; Chao-Yu Liu

2007-01-01

496

An active learning approach to Bloom's Taxonomy.  

PubMed

As educators strive toward improving student learning outcomes, many find it difficult to instill their students with a deep understanding of the material the instructors share. One challenge lies in how to provide the material with a meaningful and engaging method that maximizes student understanding and synthesis. By following a simple strategy involving Active Learning across the 3 primary domains of Bloom's Taxonomy (cognitive, affective, and psychomotor), instructors can dramatically improve the quality of the lesson and help students retain and understand the information. By applying our strategy, instructors can engage their students at a deeper level and may even find themselves enjoying the process more. PMID:24488868

Weigel, Fred K; Bonica, Mark

2014-01-01

497

Larvae, Ladies and Learning: The Project Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Project Approach and how it was used in a Grade 1 exploration of Painted Lady butterflies in Ontario, Canada. Outlines the students' experience with the project and examines the compatibility of the Project Approach with the Ontario Science and Technology Curriculum document. Maintains that the Project Approach supports and…

Whitham, Laurel; Killoran, Isabel

2003-01-01

498

Student Approaches to Learning in Relation to Online Course Completion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the relationship between approaches to studying and course completion in two online preparatory university courses in mathematics and computer programming. The students participating in the two courses are alike in age, gender, and approaches to learning. Four hundred and ninety-three students participating in these courses…

Balter, Olle; Cleveland-Innes, Martha; Pettersson, Kerstin; Scheja, Max; Svedin, Maria

2013-01-01

499

Effective Learning Approaches for Sustainability: A Student Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors offer an exploratory glimpse into the perceived effectiveness of learning approaches presently being used to teach students about sustainability in a business school setting. Sustainability is a topic of growing importance in business and business education. Using teaching approaches generated through self-reports related to the…

Erskine, Laura; Johnson, Scott D.

2012-01-01

500

The Teaching-Learning Environment, an Information-Dynamic Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present study a generalized approach is given for the description of acquisition procedures with a particular focus on the knowledge acquisition process. The learning progression is given as an example here letting the theory to be applied to different situations. An analytical approach is performed starting from the generalized fundamental…

De Blasio, Cataldo; Järvinen, Mika

2014-01-01