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1

CAREER MOBILITY IN AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION: A SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY APPROACH  

Microsoft Academic Search

mobility phenomenon. An appealing approach for such an in-depth inquiry into turnover is social learning theory. Social learning theory posits that psychological functioning can be explained in terms of the interaction of personal characteristics, previous behavior (learning) and environmental determinants (Chapman, 1984). This psychological functioning involves valuing certain outcomes, discriminating among situations in terms of their potential to bring about

Tom Grady

1990-01-01

2

(Re)Conceptualizing Design Approaches for Mobile Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An exploratory study conducted at George Brown College in Toronto, Canada between 2007 and 2009 investigated language learning with mobile devices as an approach to augmenting ESP learning by taking learning outside the classroom into the real-world context. In common with findings at other community colleges, this study identified inadequate…

Hoven, Debra; Palalas, Agnieszka

2011-01-01

3

(Re)Conceptualizing Design Approaches for Mobile Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An exploratory study conducted at George Brown College in Toronto, Canada between 2007 and 2009 investigated language learning with mobile devices as an approach to augmenting ESP learning by taking learning outside the classroom into the real-world context. In common with findings at other community colleges, this study identified inadequate…

Hoven, Debra; Palalas, Agnieszka

2011-01-01

4

Analyses of mobile learning software solution in education using the task based learning approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software engineering mobile software solutions for learning and use in education is becoming a very popular research focus. However, there is a lack of research on what learning modeling approach to use as more appropriate when developing mobile learning software solutions and especially its conjunction and correlation with the instructional strategies. The research focuses on software development and analyses of

Majlinda Fetaji; Bekim Fetaji

2009-01-01

5

A Personalized Recommendation-Based Mobile Learning Approach to Improving the Reading Performance of EFL Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper, a personalized recommendation-based mobile language learning approach is proposed. A mobile learning system has been developed based on the approach by providing a reading material recommendation mechanism for guiding EFL (English as Foreign Language) students to read articles that match their preferences and knowledge levels, and…

Hsu, Ching-Kun; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Chang, Chih-Kai

2013-01-01

6

An Inquiry-Based Mobile Learning Approach to Enhancing Social Science Learning Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study presents a mobile exploration activity that guides elementary students to learn during a social science activity with digital support from mobile devices and wireless communications. The students are situated in both the real world and the virtual world to extend their learning experiences. The learning activities between the field and…

Shih, Ju-Ling; Chuang, Chien-Wen; Hwang, Gwo-Jen

2010-01-01

7

Mobile Learning with Patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

The identification and construction of patterns play a fundamental role in learning, but to date design patterns have been used for communication between professionals, rather than for learning purposes. We adapt the design pattern approach and develop software for mobile and other touch-sensitive devices in order to support design students to learn with patterns. We describe the multi-platform system and

Henning Breuer; Gustavo Zurita; Nelson Baloian; Mitsuji Matsumoto

2008-01-01

8

Adaptive Device Context Based Mobile Learning Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mobile learning is e-learning delivered through mobile computing devices, which represents the next stage of computer-aided, multi-media based learning. Therefore, mobile learning is transforming the way of traditional education. However, as most current e-learning systems and their contents are not suitable for mobile devices, an approach for…

Pu, Haitao; Lin, Jinjiao; Song, Yanwei; Liu, Fasheng

2011-01-01

9

An Approach for improving Mobile Learning supported for Knowledge Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowledge Management is gaining acceptance in the field of education because it promises to lead to better decision making capabilities, improving academic services, and reducing costs. Knowledge Management can be described as a set of practices that help to improve the use and sharing of data and information in decision making. Similarly, several mobile devices have gained considerable popularity as

MANUEL I. MARTÍNEZ ACUÑA; FRANCISCO JURADO; MANUEL ORTEGA

2006-01-01

10

Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this series, we explore current technology-related themes and topics. The series aims to discuss and demystify what may be new areas for some readers and to consider their relevance to English language teachers. In future articles, we will be covering topics such as learning technologies in low-resource environments, personal learning

Hockly, Nicky

2013-01-01

11

Mobile learning in medicine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper outlines the main infrastructure for implicating mobile learning in medicine and present a sample mobile learning application for medical learning within the framework of mobile learning systems. Mobile technology is developing nowadays. In this case it will be useful to develop different learning environments using these innovations in internet based distance education. M-learning makes the most of being on location, providing immediate access, being connected, and acknowledges learning that occurs beyond formal learning settings, in places such as the workplace, home, and outdoors. Central to m-learning is the principle that it is the learner who is mobile rather than the device used to deliver m learning. The integration of mobile technologies into training has made learning more accessible and portable. Mobile technologies make it possible for a learner to have access to a computer and subsequently learning material and activities; at any time and in any place. Mobile devices can include: mobile phone, personal digital assistants (PDAs), personal digital media players (eg iPods, MP3 players), portable digital media players, portable digital multimedia players. Mobile learning (m-learning) is particularly important in medical education, and the major users of mobile devices are in the field of medicine. The contexts and environment in which learning occurs necessitates m-learning. Medical students are placed in hospital/clinical settings very early in training and require access to course information and to record and reflect on their experiences while on the move. As a result of this paper, this paper strives to compare and contrast mobile learning with normal learning in medicine from various perspectives and give insights and advises into the essential characteristics of both for sustaining medical education.

Serkan Güllüoü?lu, Sabri

2013-03-01

12

Mobile Learning: the Virtual \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Even in distance learning institutions, the students choose in 80% of the cases paper as data medium. Researches have shown that they are primarily motivated by the mobility of the medium itself and the mobility granted to its user. It seemed interesting to examine to what extent currently available mobile devices can offer the students greater mobility and to evaluate

Anne-Dominique SALAMIN; Anne LE CALVÉ

13

Adapting Learning Theories in Mobile Game-Based Learning Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The learning experiences through mobile device can be expected from the learning activities and the mobile contents such as games and mobile applications. This paper presents an approach to develop a mobile game-based learning (mGBL) by adapting a review of learning theories and approaches. The review reveals a few characteristics that interconnected to the mGBL. In adapting the characteristics, mGBL

Syamsul Bahrin Zaibon; Norshuhada Shiratuddin

2010-01-01

14

Adaptive Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a general framework for adaptive mobile learning. The mobile learner performs an educational activity using the infrastructure (e.g. handheld devices, networks) in an environment (e.g. outdoors). An adaptation engine personalizes the educational activity and the infrastructure to the learner according to the context. The adaptation engine may be deterministic or probabilistic. Learning automata are employed as probabilistic

Anastasios A. Economides

2006-01-01

15

Mobile media learning: multiplicities of place  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to build a theory of mobile media learning by studying indigenous use of these media and theorizing what impact they might have on learning and education. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Using a critical approach, the paper reviews contemporary developments in mobile media learning particularly those happening outside of schools. It includes reviews of games and\\/or media, literature

Kurt Squire

2009-01-01

16

Visions of Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It is almost a foregone conclusion that the mobile device will become an indispensable tool for learning in the future. That's why "T.H.E. Journal" asked a number of educators to let their imaginations go wild and conjure up visions of the future of the device in the classroom. This paper presents the views of educators who conjure up the mobile

T.H.E. Journal, 2011

2011-01-01

17

An integrated learning approach to environment modelling in mobile robot navigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We extend the approach to learning a topological description of the environment with recurrent neural networks. Usually, a predetermined reactive behavior and a predefined criterion for decision points are used. In our extended approach, both the reactive behavior and the criterion for the decision points are adaptive and therefore more flexible. The reactive behavior is learnt using reinforcement learning supplemented

Branko Ster

2004-01-01

18

Navigation Support for Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile learning exposes learning to the natural environment. If this environment is large, the learners have to navigate to find the learning objects or to explore the environment. Current mobile learning systems provide only minimal navigational support. Prior studies report that conventional pedestrian information systems are not suited to mobile learning, as the learners focus too much on the navigation

Christoph Göth; Gerhard Schwabe

2010-01-01

19

Energy efficient wireless sensing framework to enhance mobile learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wireless sensor network (WSN) technology has got the various potential applications for mobile learning. It facilitates the proper monitoring of environmental conditions which can be combined with the convectional mobile learning devices to enhance and extend the features of mobile learning. However sensor nodes have energy constraints for mobile learning applications. In this paper, a novel approach to implement energy

Ashish Tanwer; Muzahid Hussain; Parminder Singh Reel

2010-01-01

20

Student Acceptance of Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile devices with Internet capabilities and applications have dramatically increased the convenience of accessing information for community college students. This study uses technology acceptance theory as a theoretical framework to examine the determinants associated with community college students’ behavioral intention to use of mobile learning and mobile library resources. The acceptance of mobile learning by students and educators is critical

Robin Lee Donaldson

2011-01-01

21

Context Awareness and Adaptation in Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the importance of context-awareness and adaptation in mobile learning. Context-aware mobile learning that senses mobile environment and reacts to changing context during learning process has four interaction modes with three mobile entities of different mobility. Contexts in mobile learning are categorized into six dimensions that form a context space. Several mobile learning systems are examined according to

Yuan-kai Wang

2004-01-01

22

A multi-layer, metadata driven approach enhancing SCORM to support adaptive and mobile learning objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a method to assist in the reuse of learning content- from interoperable content repositories- to respond to several learner needs We introduce in this paper an approach that describes how to exploit the ADL Registry- an instance of CORDRA (Content Object Repository Discovery and Registration\\/Resolution Architecture) - to adapt SCORM (Sharable Content Object Reference Model) content to learner

RIM DRIRA; MONA LAROUSSI; ALAIN DERYCKE; HENDA BEN GHEZALA

2006-01-01

23

Mobile Learning and Video Games  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we describe how mobile learning can be further explored with computer games or video games. This paper also describes how learning can be achieved beyond the boundaries of traditional classrooms learning at school.

Ibrahim Edris

24

MoLeNET Mobile Learning Conference 2009: Research Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Mobile Learning Network (MoLeNET) is a unique collaborative approach to encouraging, supporting, expanding and promoting mobile learning, primarily in English post-14 education and training, via supported shared cost mobile learning projects. Collaboration at national level involves participating institutions and the Learning and Skills…

Guy Parker, Ed.

2010-01-01

25

MoLeNET Mobile Learning Conference 2009: Research Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mobile Learning Network (MoLeNET) is a unique collaborative approach to encouraging, supporting, expanding and promoting mobile learning, primarily in English post-14 education and training, via supported shared cost mobile learning projects. Collaboration at national level involves participating institutions and the Learning and Skills…

Guy Parker, Ed.

2010-01-01

26

Software architectures for mobile learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile learning (M-learning) systems may be built using any of a number of generic software architectures, each of which has its own benefits and limitations. This paper describes four generic software architectures that can be applied to M-learning systems and provides an overview of their comparative strengths and weaknesses in meeting the various requirements of the mobile learner. This paper

D. PARSONS; H. RYU

2007-01-01

27

Learning Spaces in Mobile Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mobile learning (m-learning) environments open a wide range of new and exciting learning opportunities, and envision students who are continually on the move, learn across space and time, and move from topic to topic and in and out of interaction with technology. In this article we present findings from a study of how students manoeuvre and study…

Solvberg, Astrid M.; Rismark, Marit

2012-01-01

28

Mobile learning for the twenty-first century librarian  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to present a review of selected mobile learning literature and programmatic approaches for librarians interested in developing mobile digital library services in order to equip readers with a framework for understanding and appreciating mobile digital librarianship. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A literature review is culled from distance learning, medical informatics and medical librarianship, internet social studies, and

Jim Hahn

2008-01-01

29

Viewing Mobile Learning from a Pedagogical Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning is a relatively new phenomenon and the theoretical basis is currently under development. The paper presents a pedagogical perspective of mobile learning which highlights three central features of mobile learning: authenticity, collaboration and personalisation, embedded in the unique timespace contexts of mobile learning. A…

Kearney, Matthew; Schuck, Sandra; Burden, Kevin; Aubusson, Peter

2012-01-01

30

Savannah: mobile gaming and learning?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports a study that attempts to explore how using mobile technologies in direct physical interaction with space and with other players can be combined with principles of engagement and self-motivation to create a powerful and engaging learning experience. We developed a mobile gaming experience designed to encourage the development of children's conceptual understanding of animal behaviour. Ten children

Keri Facer; Richard W. Joiner; D. Stanton; Josephine Reid; Richard Hull; D. Kirk

2004-01-01

31

Exploring Mobile Learning Success Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a comparative account and analysis of three mobile Web 2.0 projects instigated within a tertiary learning environment during 2008. Following the successful instigation of a mobile Web 2.0 project in the third year of a Bachelor of Product Design course during semester one, similar projects were initiated in semester two within the…

Cochrane, Thomas D.

2010-01-01

32

Community Aware Content Adaptation for Mobile Technology Enhanced Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile technology enhanced learning pertains to the delivery of multimedia learning resource onto mobile end devices such as cell phones and PDAs. It also aims at supporting personalized adaptive learning in a community context. This paper presents a novel approach to supporting both aspects. The community aware content adaptation employs the MPEG-7 and MPEG-21 mul- timedia metadata standards to present

Ralf Klamma; Marc Spaniol; Yiwei Cao

2006-01-01

33

An investigation-based learning model for using digital libraries to support mobile learning activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study proposes a mobile learning model that employs digital libraries to support investigative learning activities. A student-centered mobile learning activity with self-guided exploration for physical ecology observation has been conducted to demonstrate the benefits of using digital libraries to support investigation-based ecology learning activities. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – An investigation-based mobile learning model is proposed and an experiment is

Ju-Ling Shih; Gwo-Jen Hwang; Yu-Chung Chu; Chien-Wen Chuang

2011-01-01

34

Mobile-Learning in Thai Universities: Potential Technological Impacts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Higher education appears to be changing in Thailand, as students, especially young students whose networking concerns match their obsession with mobile technology, may not accept past staid patterns of teaching practices and opt for more contemporary approaches such as mobile-learning. This research used a qualitative approach and conducted a focus group of students exploring their recent experiences of m-Learning at

Paul TJ James

35

Application of Learning Styles Adaptivity in Mobile Learning Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Availability of advanced mobile technologies, such as high bandwidth infrastructure, wireless technologies, and handheld devices, have started to extend e-learning towards mobile learning (m-learning) (Sharples, 2000). This phenomenon fits well with the new paradigm \\

Taiyu Lin

2004-01-01

36

Evaluation of Handheld Devices for Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many educational organizations start using handheld devices for learning. The aim of this paper is to identify the current status of handheld devices and their appropriateness for mobile learning. First, it presents handheld devices requirements for mobile learning. Then it presents a framework for evaluating handheld devices in relation to mobile learning. It evaluates current handheld devices using the evaluation

Anastasios A. Economides; Nick Nikolaou

37

Mobile Learning for All  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Parents and educational professionals are asking the question, "Are schools preparing students for their future lives?" Mobile technologies such as smart phones, iPods, GPS systems, iPads, and a constant stream of information drive much of people's world and work. The use of such technologies increases with each passing day. But how often do…

Bestwick, Angel; Campbell, John R.

2010-01-01

38

Towards a Theory of Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

A first step in postulating a theory of mobile learning is to distinguish what is special about mobile learning compared to other types of learning activity. An obvious, yet essential, difference is that it starts from the assumption that learners are continually on the move. We learn across space as we take ideas and learning resources gained in one location

Mike Sharples; Josie Taylor; Giasemi Vavoula

39

Does Using Mobile Device Applications Lead to Learning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Assessing the impact on learning of the use of mobile devices and associated applications is a complex challenge. This article reports on progress to date in a longitudinal study using a design research approach with three cohorts of 800 students each. Results are encouraging in terms of learning enhancement through select mobile application by a…

Vogel, Doug; Kennedy, David; Kwok, Ron Chi-Wai

2009-01-01

40

Using Mobile Learning to Increase Environmental Awareness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mobile learning or m-learning, a relatively new concept, has attracted the interest of educators, researchers, and companies developing learning systems and instructional materials. This study investigated the use of integrating use of mobile technologies, data services, and multimedia messaging systems to increase students' use of mobile

Uzunboylu, Huseyin; Cavus, Nadire; Ercag, Erinc

2009-01-01

41

Mobile music touch: mobile tactile stimulation for passive learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile Music Touch (MMT) helps teach users to play piano melodies while they perform other tasks. MMT is a lightweight, wireless haptic music instruction system consisting of fingerless gloves and a mobile Bluetooth enabled computing device, such as a mobile phone. Passages to be learned are loaded into the mobile phone and are played repeatedly while the user performs other

Kevin Huang; Thad Starner; Ellen Do; Gil Weinberg; Daniel Kohlsdorf; Claas Ahlrichs; Ruediger Leibrandt

2010-01-01

42

A Mobile Learning System Based on Bluetooth  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to improve learning flexibility and efficiency, and break the constraints of time and space, a mobile learning system based on Bluetooth was proposed and realized in the paper. The mobile learning system used Bluetooth technology as the communication media. To accommodate with the characteristic of portable devices, the system was designed for low power consumption and low learning

Yanhui Zhang; Wu Li; Yingzi Fu

2007-01-01

43

Mobile communities importance of mobile learning in Indian education system  

Microsoft Academic Search

When the United States thinks about developing an 'iPhone University', developing economies envision a 'Mobile University'. Technology in Education has rippled from Distance-learning to e-Learning and now to m-Learning. Going forward into the 21st Century, emerging markets are witnessing a substantial rise in the use of hand-held mobile devices. Convergence of Mobile Technology and Education, therefore, is a potential breakthrough

Neha Gupta

2008-01-01

44

MOBILE LEARNING: AN APPLICATION OF MOBILE AND WIRELESS TECHNOLOGIES IN NIGERIAN LEARNING SYSTEM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile learning (M-Learning) is the point where mobile computing and e-learning intersect to produce an anytime, anywhere learning experiences. Advances in mobile technologies have enhanced M-learning tools at just the right moment to meet the need for more cost- effective just in time training options-learning on the go. Electronic Learning offer methods, which decrease the limitations of traditional education but

45

Do Mobile Device Applications Affect Learning?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile devices (e.g., PDAs and smartphones) are increasingly emerging as part of daily life, particularly with university students. The City University of Hong Kong has embarked on a long-term program to develop and integrate mobile learning activities into the context of undergraduate courses. This paper reports on the development, introduction and evaluation of a portfolio of collaborative mobile learning applications.

Doug Vogel; David M. Kennedy; Kevin Kuan; Ron Chi-wai Kwok; Jean Lai

2007-01-01

46

Connecting Learning Spaces Using Mobile Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The use of mobile technology can help extend children's learning spaces and enrich the learning experiences in their everyday lives where they move from one context to another, switching locations, social groups, technologies, and topics. When students have ubiquitous access to mobile devices with full connectivity, the in-situ use of the mobile

Chen, Wenli; Seow, Peter; So, Hyo-Jeong; Toh, Yancy; Looi, Chee-Kit

2010-01-01

47

Mobile Learning with a Mobile Game: Design and Motivational Effects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mobile technologies offer the opportunity to embed learning in a natural environment. This paper describes the design of the MobileGame prototype, exploring the opportunities to support learning through an orientation game in a university setting. The paper first introduces the scenario and then describes the general architecture of the…

Schwabe, Gerhard; Goth, Christoph

2005-01-01

48

A Mobile Learning Organiser for University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the trial of a mobile learning organiser, developed for use by university students. Based on a wirelessly-enabled Pocket PC, the organiser makes use of existing mobile applications as well as tools designed specifically for the context of learning. The trial set out to identify what are the key tools for such a learning device. The primary uses

Dan Corlett; Mike Sharples; Tony Chan; Susan Bull

2004-01-01

49

Mobile Learning: Can Students Really Multitask?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The advent of mobile learning offers opportunities for students to do two things at once in an educational context: learning while performing another activity. The main aim of the reported studies is to address the effect of multitasking on learning with a mobile device. Two experiments were set up to examine the effect of performing a secondary…

Coens, Joke; Reynvoet, Bert; Clarebout, Geraldine

2011-01-01

50

Blurring Lines with Mobile Learning Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores how the future of mobile learning games lies in the blurring of the line between fun and learning, between in-school and out-of-school. Accomplishing this requires new paradigms as well as new technologies. Mobile learning games can be the conduits between the world of school and the world of life, and make them both more…

Klopfer, Eric

2007-01-01

51

Design and Implementation of Mobile English Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the rapid development of computer and the mobile communication technology, mobile learning arises at the historic moment, which makes people gain learning environment and resources anytime and anywhere. As English has the characters of weak systematic and trivial knowledge, we make a research of the development of resources to provide learners Flake Learning. Firstly, we make a research of

Shuyun Han; Weiliang Kong; Qingtang Liu; Lian Zhou

2010-01-01

52

Fostering Personalized Learning in Science Inquiry Supported by Mobile Technologies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper, we present a mobile technology-assisted seamless learning process design where students were facilitated to develop their personalized and diversified understanding in a primary school's science topic of the life cycles of various living things. A goal-based approach to experiential learning model was adopted as the pedagogical…

Song, Yanjie; Wong, Lung-Hsiang; Looi, Chee-Kit

2012-01-01

53

Mobile Learning: At the Tipping Point  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mobile technologies are interfacing with all aspects of our lives including Web 2.0 tools and applications, immersive virtual world environments, and online environments to present educational opportunities for 24/7 learning at the learner's discretion. Mobile devices are allowing educators to build new community learning ecosystems for and by…

Franklin, Teresa

2011-01-01

54

Mobile Learning Devices. Essentials for Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In "Mobile Learning Devices," the author helps educators confront and overcome their fears and doubts about using mobile learning devices (MLDs) such as cell phones, personal digital assistants, MP3 players, handheld games, digital audio players, and laptops in classrooms. School policies that ban such tools are outdated, the author suggests;…

Rogers, Kipp D.

2011-01-01

55

Mobile Learning Devices. Essentials for Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Mobile Learning Devices," the author helps educators confront and overcome their fears and doubts about using mobile learning devices (MLDs) such as cell phones, personal digital assistants, MP3 players, handheld games, digital audio players, and laptops in classrooms. School policies that ban such tools are outdated, the author suggests;…

Rogers, Kipp D.

2011-01-01

56

63. Mobile Learning in Developing Nations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper looks at the diffusion and applications of mobile phone technology in Asia and Africa, compared with North America. It indicates that Asian distance education can be the global leader in the development of educational uses for the mobile phone; and it considers the potential for mobile learning in Africa and other developing regions.…

Motlik, Scott

2008-01-01

57

Mobile learning - a new paradigm shift in distance education?  

Microsoft Academic Search

During recent years, many distance teaching as well as residential institutions have started to experiment with mobile learning through pilot projects as part of their e-learning and technology enhanced learning environments. Mobile learning should not be regarded as a medium for distance learning. However, because of the similar affordances of distance learning technologies and online and mobile learning, the established

Olaf Zawacki-Richter; Tom Brown; Rhena Delport

58

Using Mobile Learning: Determinates Impacting Behavioral Intention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the factors or determinates that impact the behavioral intention of students to use mobile learning (m-learning) technology. These determinates include performance expectancy, effort expectancy, and self-management of learning, all mediated by age, gender, or both. Regression coefficients showed strong and significant…

Lowenthal, Jeffrey N.

2010-01-01

59

Engaging Students in Higher Education through Mobile Learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This exploratory study reports pedagogical experiences with using mobiles phone, wikis and other mobile learning approaches such as walking tours as educational tools in the context of an undergraduate course on Chinese entrepreneurship taught at a university in Singapore. Conceptualised as mobile learning, the paper argues that ICT (information and communication technologies) devices used by students as part of their everyday life such as hand phones in combination with social media such as course wikis and other pedagogical methods such as mini lectures, field visits and walking tours can greatly enrich learners' experience provided their usage is easy and effectively integrated into the respective instructional strategy.

Menkhoff, Thomas; Bengtsson, Magnus Lars

60

Personalized Intelligent Mobile Learning System for Supporting Effective English Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since English has been an international language, how to enhance English levels of people by useful computer assisted learning forms or tools is a critical issue in non-English speaking countries because it definitely affects the overall competition ability of a country. With the rapid growth of wireless and mobile technologies, the mobile learning has been gradually considered as a novel

Chih-ming Chen; Shih-hsun Hsu

2008-01-01

61

Using Mediated Learning Experiences in Orientation and Mobility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses the metacognitive approach of mediated learning theory and its application to orientation and mobility (O&M) instruction for individuals with visual impairments. The theory is explained, and the structure of a typical O&M lesson is outlined, followed by an example of using the approach in a trip to the drug store. (DB)|

Roman, Christine A.; Zimmerman, George J.

1994-01-01

62

Using Mediated Learning Experiences in Orientation and Mobility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the metacognitive approach of mediated learning theory and its application to orientation and mobility (O&M) instruction for individuals with visual impairments. The theory is explained, and the structure of a typical O&M lesson is outlined, followed by an example of using the approach in a trip to the drug store. (DB)

Roman, Christine A.; Zimmerman, George J.

1994-01-01

63

Challenging Mobile Learning Discourse through Research: Student Perceptions of "Blackboard Mobile Learn" and "iPads"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many university academics disagree with the rationale that we should pursue mobile learning because 21st century students are apparently demanding it. We argue that the only defensible rationale for making mobile learning part of pedagogy is because it enhances student learning. This presentation shares results from research with 135 students…

Kinash, Shelley; Brand, Jeffrey; Mathew, Trishita

2012-01-01

64

The Application of Artificial Intelligence in Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper research the application of artificial intelligence in mobile learning. In the first place, this paper analyse the meaning of mobile learning and artificial intelligence, make them clear to people. In the second place, explain the significance of the application of artificial intelligence in mobile learning. This paper introduce five problems in mobile learning. These problems make it necessary

Qiang Liu; Lixin Diao; Guangcan Tu

2010-01-01

65

Mobile Learning: Using SMS in Educational Contexts  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The Short Message Service (SMS) technology is one of the most powerful mobile technologies in current usage. Most students\\u000a own a mobile phone with free SMS which can be used for learning. In this paper we explain how we used SMS for teaching and\\u000a learning languages (both native and foreign). The conducted experiment presented a range of opportunities for integrating

Adelina Moura; Ana Amélia Carvalho

66

Effectiveness of Vocabulary Learning via Mobile Phone  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Whereas the penetration of mobile phones in Asian countries keeps climbing, little research has explored the application of the short message service (SMS) in second language learning. This study aims to examine the effectiveness of SMS vocabulary lessons of limited lexical information on the small screens of mobile phones. Thirty high school…

Lu, M.

2008-01-01

67

Effectiveness of Vocabulary Learning via Mobile Phone  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whereas the penetration of mobile phones in Asian countries keeps climbing, little research has explored the application of the short message service (SMS) in second language learning. This study aims to examine the effectiveness of SMS vocabulary lessons of limited lexical information on the small screens of mobile phones. Thirty high school…

Lu, M.

2008-01-01

68

Bayesian Landmark Learning for Mobile Robot Localization  

Microsoft Academic Search

To operate successfully in indoor environments, mobile robots must be able to localize themselves. Most current localization algorithms lack flexibility, autonomy, and often optimality, since they rely on a human to determine what aspects of the sensor data to use in localization (e.g., what landmarks to use). This paper describes a learning algorithm, called BaLL, that enables mobile robots to

Sebastian Thrun; Pat Langley

1998-01-01

69

Bayesian Landmark Learning for Mobile Robot Localization  

Microsoft Academic Search

To operate successfully in indoor environments, mobile robots must be able to localize themselves. Most current localization algorithms lack flexibility, aut onomy, and often optimality, since they rely on a human to determine what aspects of the sensor data to use in localization (e.g., what landmarks to use). This paper describes a learning algorithm, called BaLL, that enables mobile robots

Pat Langley

1998-01-01

70

Place-Based Learning and Mobile Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When delivered on a mobile device, interpretive tours of a locale afford powerful learning experiences. As mobile devices become more powerful, content for these devices that is individualized and location-specific has become more common. In light of this trend, Oregon State University Extension developed a GPS-enabled iPhone tree tour…

LaBelle, Chris

2011-01-01

71

Science problem solving learning through mobile gaming  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study presents the impact of the application of a specially tailored classroom methodology based on a problem-solving mobile game for 8th grade science class curriculum. The methodology included science classroom activities with teachers as facilitators and learning activities using interactive mobile videogames. The evaluation study focused on the development of problem solving skills. The research team evaluated videos recorded

Jaime Sánchez; Alvaro Salinas

2008-01-01

72

An Adaptive Framework for Aggregating Mobile Learning Materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a framework for aggregating and editing mobile learning materials from the existing e-learning systems. Content adaptation is an important issue for mobile learning. In this paper, a mechanism for automatically compiling and editing these existing e-learning materials for the mobile learning is proposed. We use a scenario of how to get the adaptive contents for the instructive

Meng-chien Yang

2007-01-01

73

Acceptability of an asynchronous learning forum on mobile devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile learning has recently become noteworthy because mobile devices have become popular. To construct an asynchronous learning forum on mobile devices is important because an asynchronous learning forum is always an essential part of networked asynchronous distance learning. However, the input interface in handheld learning devices, which is generally handwritten, is not efficient. Hence, most learners do not attempt to

Chih-Kai Chang

2010-01-01

74

Global mobility approach with Mobile IP in \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the document is to describe how the EURESCOM project P1013 FIT-MIP evaluates the use of Mobile IP in an IP core network, acting as a mobility management protocol federating heterogeneous access network technologies such as PSTN, WLAN or GPRS. The aim is to provide a wide IP environment with an always-on access to IP applications (VoIP, VPN,

L. Morand; S. Tessier

2002-01-01

75

Mobile learning with Bluetooth-based e-learning system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces a Bluetooth-based e-learning system, which enables mobile learning from anywhere using a variety of devices, including cell phones, PDAs, and laptops. Different from current e-learning systems, which require the access to the Internet or other pre-established networks, the Bluetooth-based e-learning system can establish a wireless network on the spot in an ad hoc fashion. To accommodate with

Yonghong Zhang; Shiying Zhang; Son Vuong; K. Malik

2005-01-01

76

Mobile learning with bluetooth-based E-learning system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces a bluetooth-based e-learning system, which enables mobile learning from anywhere using a variety of devices, including cell phones, PDAs, and laptops. Different from current e-learning systems, which require the access to the Internet or other pre-established networks, the bluetooth-based e-learning system can establish a wireless network on the spot in an ad hoc fashion. To accommodate with

Yonghong Zhang; Shiying Zhang; Son Vuong; Kamran Malik

2006-01-01

77

Wavelet series based learning controller design for kinematic path-tracking control of mobile robot  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a learning controller is designed based on wavelet series approach for kinematic path tracking control of a mobile robot. In this approach wavelet series approximation is used to approximate the desired and actual trajectories of the mobile robot system into finite number of wavelet coefficients. A learning controller is designed in wavelet domain which forces the wavelet

S. Gopinath; I. N. Kar; R. K. P. Bhatt

2009-01-01

78

Pedagogy! iPadology! Netbookology! Learning with Mobile Devices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores two different schools' approaches to implementing an iPad program and a Netbook program to a year level of students. The aim of the study was to determine how these mobile devices were being used in the classroom and whether they enhanced teaching and learning. The experiences of students and parents were obtained through…

Keane, Therese; Lang, Catherine; Pilgrim, Chris

2012-01-01

79

Pedagogy! iPadology! Netbookology! Learning with Mobile Devices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores two different schools' approaches to implementing an iPad program and a Netbook program to a year level of students. The aim of the study was to determine how these mobile devices were being used in the classroom and whether they enhanced teaching and learning. The experiences of students and parents were obtained through…

Keane, Therese; Lang, Catherine; Pilgrim, Chris

2012-01-01

80

A Case Study on Mobile Learning Implementation in Basic Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent years was seen an incremental amount of mobile learning experiments for the purpose of implementing mobile ICTs into mainstream education. However, the adoption of mobile learning in basic education - primary and secondary schools, is still disappointingly slow, rather than exponential. This case study portrays a unique and novel education concept derived from the Chinese mobile learning industry, in

Yong Liu; Jun Liu; Shengquan Yu

2008-01-01

81

Setting the New Standard with Mobile Computing in Online Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mobile learning represents exciting new frontiers in education and pedagogy. With the features of "wearable" computing and multimedia content delivery via mobile technologies, mobile learning becomes feasible and offers new benefits to instructors and learners. How do mobile technologies influence our teaching and learning in traditional…

Shih, Yuhsun Edward; Mills, Dennis

2007-01-01

82

Mobile Authoring of Open Educational Resources as Reusable Learning Objects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

E-learning technologies have allowed authoring and playback of standardized reusable learning objects (RLO) for several years. Effective mobile learning requires similar functionality at both design time and runtime. Mobile devices can play RLO using applications like SMILE, mobile access to a learning management system (LMS), or other systems…

Kinshuk; Jesse, Ryan

2013-01-01

83

Passport to Mobility: Learning Differently, Learning Abroad.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Personal mobility, which is becoming increasingly necessary in the era of the Internet and the globalization of trade, is a crucial part of the European Union's (EU) goal of becoming a knowledge society. While millions of young people, students, teachers, and trainers have participated in educational, training, and linguistic exchanges in the…

Commission of the European Communities, Brussels (Belgium). Directorate-General for Education and Culture.

84

Neurofuzzy Learning of Mobile Robot Behaviours  

Microsoft Academic Search

The era of mobile robotics for use in service and field applications is gaining momentum. The need for adaptability becomes\\u000a self evident in allowing robots to evolve better behaviors to meet overall task criteria. We report the use of neuro-fuzzy\\u000a learning for teaching mobile robot behaviors, selecting exemplar cases from a potential continuum of behaviors. Proximate\\u000a active sensing was successfully

Richard Willgoss; Javaid Iqbal

1999-01-01

85

Mobile Phone Usage for M-Learning: Comparing Heavy and Light Mobile Phone Users  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Mobile technologies offer the opportunity to embed learning in a natural environment. The objective of the study is to examine how the usage of mobile phones for m-learning differs between heavy and light mobile phone users. Heavy mobile phone users are hypothesized to have access to/subscribe to one type of mobile content than light…

Suki, Norbayah Mohd; Suki, Norazah Mohd

2007-01-01

86

Mobile Phone Usage for M-Learning: Comparing Heavy and Light Mobile Phone Users  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: Mobile technologies offer the opportunity to embed learning in a natural environment. The objective of the study is to examine how the usage of mobile phones for m-learning differs between heavy and light mobile phone users. Heavy mobile phone users are hypothesized to have access to/subscribe to one type of mobile content than light…

Suki, Norbayah Mohd; Suki, Norazah Mohd

2007-01-01

87

Using Mobile Projection to Support Guitar Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The guitar is one of the most widespread instruments amongst autodidacts, but even though a huge amount of learning material\\u000a exists, it is still hard to learn especially without a guitar teacher. In this paper we propose an Augmented Reality concept\\u000a that assists guitar students mastering their instrument using a mobile projector. With the projector mounted onto the headstock\\u000a of

Markus Löchtefeld; Sven Gehring; Ralf Jung; Antonio Krüger

88

Learning Astrophysics through Mobile Gaming  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

SpaceMission is a mobile application (iOS) offering hands-on experience of astrophysical concepts using scientific simulations. The application is based on VisIVO which is a suite of software tools for visual discovery through 3D views generated from astrophysical datasets.

Massimino, P.; Costa, A.; Becciani, U.; Krokos, M.; Bandieramonte, M.; Petta, C.; Pistagna, C.; Riggi, S.; Sciacca, E.; Vitello, F.

2013-10-01

89

SYSTEMS APPROACH TO LEARNING.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|TO PERMIT COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS FOR PURPOSES OF EDUCATIONAL PLANNING AT SAN MATEO, FIVE INSTITUTIONS WITH SYSTEMS PROGRAMS ARE EVALUATED ON THE BASIS OF TRIP NOTES. OAKLAND COMMUNITY COLLEGE HAS BEEN COMPLETELY ORGANIZED AROUND THE VOLUNTARY WORK-STUDY LABORATORY APPROACH TO LEARNING. ORAL ROBERTS UNIVERSITY, OKLAHOMA CHRISTIAN COLLEGE, HENRY FORD…

WIENS, JACOB H.

90

Designing a Mobile System for Lifelong Learning on the Move  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Life-long Learning Initiative seeks to fulfil a variety of learning needs for Shanghai citizens. Given the popularity of mobile devices in Shanghai, the ability to provide learning in informal settings through mobile devices is a key objective and challenge of the Initiative. In order to learn how to develop usable learning content for…

Gu, X.; Gu, F.; Laffey, J. M.

2011-01-01

91

Designing a Mobile System for Lifelong Learning on the Move  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Life-long Learning Initiative seeks to fulfil a variety of learning needs for Shanghai citizens. Given the popularity of mobile devices in Shanghai, the ability to provide learning in informal settings through mobile devices is a key objective and challenge of the Initiative. In order to learn how to develop usable learning content for…

Gu, X.; Gu, F.; Laffey, J. M.

2011-01-01

92

Design and development of a mobile learning management system adaptive to learning style of students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I suggest applying adaptive techniques to build educational systems. On the basis of prevailing e-learning Web platforms, a mobile platform could be used as a new educational environment. It is a mobile learning management system adaptive to students' learning styles, using a mobile learning environment and unique characteristics of mobile equipments. Through this system, I expect to

Gangnae-Myon Chongwon-Gun Chungbuk

2005-01-01

93

Using Mobile Phones for Science Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the EGO-TRAP project in which students' visits to the Experimentarium science centre in Copenhagen, Denmark, are structured via their mobile phones. EGO-TRAP, so called because it engages visitors in a personal investigation, has been developed with the aim of creating a structured learning experience for children visiting…

Kahr-Hojland, Anne

2007-01-01

94

Mental Effort in Mobility Route Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the mental effort required to monitor landmarks and the effect of the type of route on mobility-route training. The results revealed that the features of landmarks and competence in travel were significantly related, indicating that some environmental factors related to height and width are more easily learned when people can…

Martinsen, Harald; Tellevik, Jon Magne; Elmerskog, Bengt; Storlilokken, Magnar

2007-01-01

95

Learning Experiences on Mobile Social Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on a pilot study in which a social video application, MoViE, was used to teach basic HCI concepts in bachelor -level education. The aim of the study was to examine the problem space of educational mobile video blogging in order to determine the next phase research settings and future expectations in more details. The learning activities in

Kristian KIILI; Jari MULTISILTA; Marko SUOMINEN; Harri KETAMO

96

Working Memory Capacity and Mobile Multimedia Learning Environments: Individual Differences in Learning While Mobile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study examined the effects of individual differences in working memory capacity (WMC) on learning from an historical inquiry multimedia tutorial in stationary versus mobile learning environments using a portable digital media player (i.e., iPod). Students with low (n = 44) and high (n = 40) working memory capacity, as measured by the…

Doolittle, Peter E.; Mariano, Gina J.

2008-01-01

97

Adult learning and action learning — A real workplace learning approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Rural Extension Centre (REC) has developed an approach to accredited training that is based on adult learning principles and is driven by an action learning approach. One of the central features of this approach is the use of real workplace based learning projects to allow participants to immediately apply the theory of the subject being studied in a practical

R. F. Fell

1999-01-01

98

Mobile Game Based Learning: Designing a Mobile Location Based Game  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Today’s students grow up with rapidly changing technology. They spend much of their spare time using computer games, mobile phones and other toys and tools of the digital age. These things are part of their lives. Now it’s time to redesign the educational system and to adjust it to today’s technological opportunities. The current system is out of date. It isn’t able to arouse interest in students. With new technology, schools are able to rebuild their educational system and to spark the student’s interest in learning and further education. Passive and disinterested children will be a thing of the past.

Schadenbauer, Sandra

99

Assessing the Role of Mobile Learning Systems in Graduate Management Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Mobile learning has come a long way since Sir Isaac Pitman initiated the first correspondence course in the early 1840s. The\\u000a demands of globalization call for new and innovative learning systems for enhancing graduate management education. One approach\\u000a for meeting these challenges is through the increased use of mobile learning systems like the iPad. The purpose of this paper\\u000a is

Owen P. Hall Jr; David M. Smith

100

MOBILE LEARNING IN HIGHER EDUCATION: AN EMPIRICAL ASSESSMENT OF A NEW EDUCATIONAL TOOL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile Learning, or M-learning as it is often called, is a relatively new tool in the pedagogical arsenal to assist students and teachers as they navigate the options available in the expanding distance learning world. This article assesses some of the possible methods, challenges and future potential of using this approach in a college classroom and describes an empirical evaluation

Douglas MCCONATHA; Matt PRAUL; Michael J. LYNCH

2008-01-01

101

User Acceptance of Mobile Knowledge Management Learning System: Design and Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Thanks to advanced developments in wireless technology, learners can now utilize digital learning websites at anytime and anywhere. Mobile learning captures more and more attention in the wave of digital learning. Evolving use of knowledge management plays an important role to enhance problem solving skills. Recently, innovative approaches for…

Chen, Hong-Ren; Huang, Hui-Ling

2010-01-01

102

Effectiveness of a Mobile Plant Learning System in a science curriculum in Taiwanese elementary education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study developed a Mobile Plant Learning System (MPLS) that provides instructors with the ways and means to facilitate student learning in an elementary-school-level botany course. The MPLS represented in this study was implemented to address problems that arise with the use of a didactic approach to teaching and learning botany, as is typically used in elementary schools in Taiwan.

Yueh-Min Huang; Yen-Ting Lin; Shu-Chen Cheng

2010-01-01

103

Mobile Learning in Higher Education: An Empirical Assessment of a New Educational Tool  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mobile Learning, or M-learning as it is often called, is a relatively new tool in the pedagogical arsenal to assist students and teachers as they navigate the options available in the expanding distance learning world. This article assesses some of the possible methods, challenges and future potential of using this approach in a college classroom…

McConatha, Douglas; Praul, Matt; Lynch, Michael J.

2008-01-01

104

Offline Mobile Learning: Open Platforms for ICT4D  

Microsoft Academic Search

In developing countries, mobile devices can play an important role in delivering learning. But, poor information infrastructure and higher costs of mobile devices and connectivity restrict possibilities of providing successful mobile learning services. In the field of Information Communication for Development (ICT4D), this research aims to highlight the possible role of previously unexplored open hardware platforms for delivering affordable and

Sujan Shrestha; John P. T. Moore; José L. Abdelnour-Nocera

2010-01-01

105

A reference model for mobile social software for learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a reference model for mobile social software and uses it to analyse the current state-of-the-art in its applications for learning. A general overview of the literature in the field and the available projects will be given. The reference model for mobile social software helps us to (1) find out to what extent mobile social software for learning

Tim De Jong; Marcus Specht; Rob Koper

2008-01-01

106

Challenging Assumptions: Mobile Learning for Mathematics Project in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article introduces the Nokia Mobile Learning for Mathematics Project in South Africa, which made use of mobile technology to support mathematics learning at 30 public secondary schools. It draws on the evaluation of this project from January to June 2010. The article discusses learner access to mobile devices, learner and teacher uptake and…

Roberts, Nicky; Vanska, Riitta

2011-01-01

107

Designing for Learning: An Active Learning Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An active learning environment is one in which students are able to "seek" out new experiences, "interpret" them, and "relate" them to previous experiences. This approach allows students to engage in independent thinking, problem solving, and guided discovery as they explore broad movement concepts. An active learning means that students are…

Coelho, Jeffrey D.

2005-01-01

108

Situated Learning in the Mobile Age: Mobile Devices on a Field Trip to the Sea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study focuses on learning about fish biodiversity via mobile devices in a situated learning scenario. Mobile devices do not only facilitate relating the presented information to the real world in a direct way; they also allow the provision of dynamic representations on demand. This study asks whether mobile devices are suited to support…

Pfeiffer, Vanessa D. I.; Gemballa, Sven; Jarodzka, Halszka; Scheiter, Katharina; Gerjets, Peter

2009-01-01

109

A Pedagogical Framework for Mobile Learning: Categorizing Educational Applications of Mobile Technologies into Four Types  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Instructional designers and educators recognize the potential of mobile technologies as a learning tool for students and have incorporated them into the distance learning environment. However, little research has been done to categorize the numerous examples of mobile learning in the context of distance education, and few instructional design…

Park, Yeonjeong

2011-01-01

110

Mobile Learning Content Authoring Tools (MLCATs): A Systematic Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Mobile learning is currently receiving a lot of attention in the education arena, particularly within electronic learning.\\u000a This is attributed to the increasing mobile penetration rates and the subsequent increases in university student enrolments.\\u000a Mobile Learning environments are supported by a number of crucial services such as content creation which require an authoring\\u000a tool. The last decade or so has

Raymond Mugwanya; Gary Marsden

2010-01-01

111

Mobile Game Based Learning - Taxonomy and Student Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile technologies are increasingly the technologies of choice for social and leisure activities, particularly among young people. Mobile games are among the most popular applications and we are beginning to see how these may be translated into effective learning technologies. The 3-year mobile Game-based Learning project (mGBL) is a practical response to the emerging opportunities, designing new learning game models

D. Cisic; E. Tijan; A. Kurek

2007-01-01

112

Mobile Augmented Reality System Architecture for Ubiquitous e-Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile augmented reality systems (MARS) e-learning has the potential to provide continuous, context-based, and autonomous instruction to human learners anytime, anyplace, and at any-pace. MARS e-learning enables mobility for the learner and hands free human computer interactivity. Advances to MARS based learning provides the advantage of a natural human-computer interface, flexible mobility, and context-aware instruction allowing learners to develop psychomotor

Jayfus T. Doswell; M. Brian Blake; Jerome Butcher-green

2006-01-01

113

Social learning analytics: five approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes that Social Learning Analytics (SLA) can be usefully thought of as a subset of learning analytics approaches. SLA focuses on how learners build knowledge together in their cultural and social settings. In the context of online social learning, it takes into account both formal and informal educational environments, including networks and communities. The paper introduces the broad

Rebecca Ferguson; Simon Buckingham Shum

2012-01-01

114

Engaging Students in Higher Education through Mobile Learning: Lessons Learnt in a Chinese Entrepreneurship Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This evaluative-exploratory case study reports pedagogical experiences with using mobiles phones, wikis, and other mobile learning approaches such as podcasts and walking tours as educational tools in the context of an undergraduate course on Chinese Entrepreneurship and Asian Business Networks taught at a university in Singapore. Conceptualized…

Menkhoff, Thomas; Bengtsson, Magnus Lars

2012-01-01

115

Engaging Students in Higher Education through Mobile Learning: Lessons Learnt in a Chinese Entrepreneurship Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This evaluative-exploratory case study reports pedagogical experiences with using mobiles phones, wikis, and other mobile learning approaches such as podcasts and walking tours as educational tools in the context of an undergraduate course on Chinese Entrepreneurship and Asian Business Networks taught at a university in Singapore. Conceptualized…

Menkhoff, Thomas; Bengtsson, Magnus Lars

2012-01-01

116

Message Design for Mobile Learning: Learning Theories, Human Cognition and Design Principles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The demands of an increasingly knowledge-based society and the dramatic advances in mobile phone technology are combining to spur the growth of mobile learning (mLearning). However, for mLearning to attain its full potential, it is essential to develop pedagogy and instructional design tailored to the needs of this new learning environment. At…

Wang, Minjuan; Shen, Ruimin

2012-01-01

117

Investigating the Use of Text Messages in Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Nowadays, teaching and learning have been shifted from traditional classrooms to technology-supported learning environment. By offering a convenient, efficient and financially affordable information technology learning environment, mobile learning is a topic that is of considerable interest for education audiences owing to the pervasive nature of…

Geng, Gretchen

2013-01-01

118

Combining analysis, imitation, and experience-based learning to acquire a concept of reachability in robot mobile manipulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analytic modeling, imitation, and experience-based learning are three approaches that enable robots to acquire models of their morphology and skills. In this paper, we combine these three approaches to efficiently gather training data to learn a model of reachability for a typical mobile manipulation task: approaching a worksurface in order to grasp an object. The core of the approach is

Freek Stulpl; Andreas Fedrizzil; Franziska Zachariast; Moritz Tenorthl; Jan Bandouchl; Michael Beetzl

2009-01-01

119

Middle School Students' Learning of Mathematics Using Mobile Phones: Conditions and Consequences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We used a grounded theory approach to investigate and describe the learning of middle school students when they carry out mathematical activities (in the classroom or out of it) and explore mathematical objects and relations using mobile phones. We found that a web of conditions and consequences could be related to the students' learning when they…

Baya'a, Nimer; Daher, Wajeeh

2010-01-01

120

Mobile Learning via SMS at Open University Malaysia: Equitable, Effective, and Sustainable  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes Open University Malaysia's efforts at enhancing the blended learning approach for undergraduate distance learners with the successful implementation of the Mobile Learning via SMS initiative. The pilot project was implemented in the May 2009 semester, and this coming January 2011 semester will be in its sixth consecutive…

Lim, Tina; Fadzil, Mansor; Mansor, Norziati

2011-01-01

121

Using mobile phones to augment teacher learning in environmental education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study contributes to the professional development of teachers in the use of mobile phones to inform their pedagogy. The focus is on how action learning sets helped pre- service teachers (PST) to effectively use mobile phones to augment their understanding of the impact of their teaching of an environmental education unit in local primary schools. These school-based, action learning

Brian Ferry

2008-01-01

122

WE NEED AN EDUCATIONALLY RELEVANT DEFINITION OF MOBILE LEARNING  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we challenge current definitions of mobile learning and suggest that the direction of progress, both in theoretical\\/applied research as well as its role as a tool that serves social transformation and development, will be determined and even dictated by the availability of an adequate definition. A new framework for the definition of mobile learning is proposed, one

Yiannis Laouris; Cyprus Neuroscience; Nikleia Eteokleous

123

A Study of Contextualised Mobile Information Delivery for Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mobile devices offer unique opportunities to deliver learning content in authentic learning situations. Apart from being able to play various kinds of rich multimedia content, they offer new ways of tailoring information to the learner's situation or context. This paper presents the results of a study of mobile media delivery for language…

de Jong, Tim; Specht, Marcus; Koper, Rob

2010-01-01

124

Learning Bridges: A Role for Mobile Technologies in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|MyArtSpace is a service for children to spread their learning between schools and museums using mobile phones linked to a personal Web space. Using MyArtSpace as an example, the authors discuss the possibilities for mobile technology to form bridges between formal and informal learning. They also offer guidelines for designing such bridges.…

Vavoula, Giasemi; Sharples, Mike; Lonsdale, Peter; Rudman, Paul; Meek, Julia

2007-01-01

125

Investigating Learner Preparedness for and Usage Patterns of Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the use of mobile devices for language learning has sparked the interest of an increasing number of researchers in recent years (e.g., Aizawa & Kiernan, 2003; Thornton & Houser, 2005), our knowledge of learners' preferences for the mobile platform and their usage patterns remains limited. Are learners prepared to use mobile phones for…

Stockwell, Glenn

2008-01-01

126

A Mobile Learning Module for High School Fieldwork  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although fieldwork is always cited as an important component of geographic education, there are many obstacles for executing high school fieldwork. Mobile electronic products are becoming popular and some schools are able to acquire these devices for mobile learning. This study attempts to provide a mobile-assisted means of guiding students…

Hsu, Tzu-Yen; Chen, Che-Ming

2010-01-01

127

Investigating Learner Preparedness for and Usage Patterns of Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While the use of mobile devices for language learning has sparked the interest of an increasing number of researchers in recent years (e.g., Aizawa & Kiernan, 2003; Thornton & Houser, 2005), our knowledge of learners' preferences for the mobile platform and their usage patterns remains limited. Are learners prepared to use mobile phones for…

Stockwell, Glenn

2008-01-01

128

Tug-o-Where: Situating Mobilities of Learning (T)here  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores "mobilities" as a research framework for learning not so much in terms of what has to be done to enhance learning using mobile technologies. Instead it focuses on our embodied ways of knowing and learning by "being mobile" in physical and mediated spaces. It reviews current mobility frameworks used in mobile learning

Enriquez, Judith Guevarra

2011-01-01

129

An Investigation of Mobile Learning Readiness in Higher Education Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the current state of college students' perceptions toward mobile learning in higher education. Mobile learning is a new form of learning utilizing the unique capabilities of mobile devices. Although mobile devices are ubiquitous on college campuses, student readiness for mobile learning has yet to be fully explored in the…

Cheon, Jongpil; Lee, Sangno; Crooks, Steven M.; Song, Jaeki

2012-01-01

130

Technologies for Learning? An Actor-Network Theory Critique of "Affordances" in Research on Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|How is the link between learner and technology made in mobile learning? What is the value of the concept of "affordances"? And how does research articulating this concept act to position mobile devices as "technologies for learning"? This literature review used both unstructured and structured search samples of published research on mobile

Wright, Steve; Parchoma, Gale

2011-01-01

131

Evaluation of a mobile learning organiser for university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a 10-month trial of a mobile learning organiser, developed for use by university students. Implemented on a wireless-enabled Pocket PC hand-held computer, the organiser makes use of existing mobile applications as well as tools designed specifically for students to manage their learning. The trial set out to identify the most-used tools for such a learning device and

Dan Corlett; Mike Sharples; Susan Bull; Tony Chan

2005-01-01

132

Unlocking the learning value of wireless mobile devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

S.R.I. International Abstract Many researchers see the potential of wireless mobile learning devices to achieve large-scale impact on learning because of portability, low cost, and communications features. This enthusiasm is shared but the lessons drawn from three well-documented uses of connected handheld devices in education lead towards challenges ahead. First, 'wireless, mobile learning' is an imprecise description of what it

J. Roschelle

2003-01-01

133

Learning with wireless mobile devices and social software  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper outlines the beginning of research into the synthesis of mobile personal technologies, social technologies, and constructivist pedagogies, and briefly explores the potential for creating student-centred collaborative learning communities using wireless mobile devices (e.g. PDAs, Ultra Mobile PCs, mobile phones and smart-phones) and social software (e.g. blogs, RSS, instant messaging, moodle, elgg etc…). Instead of simply re- purposing content

Thomas Cochrane

134

Approach to learning disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning disabilities (LD) is one of the important causes of poor academic performance in school going children. Learning\\u000a disabilities are developmental disorders that usually manifest during the period of normal education. These disabilities create\\u000a a significant gap between the true potential and day to day performance of an individual. Dyslexia, dysgraphia and dyscalculia\\u000a denote the problem related to reading, writing

Madhuri Kulkarni; Sarika Kalantre; Shubhangi Upadhye; Sunil Karande; Sanjeev Ahuja

2001-01-01

135

Scalable Distributed Approach to Mobile Robot Vision.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper documents our progress during the first year of work on our original proposal entitled 'A Scalable Distributed Approach to Mobile Robot Vision'. We are pursuing a strategy for real-time visual identification and tracking of complex objects whic...

B. Kuipers R. L. Browning W. S. Gribble

1997-01-01

136

Understanding Mobile Learning from the Perspective of Self-Regulated Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cognizant of the research gap in the theorization of mobile learning, this paper conceptually explores how the theories and methodology of self-regulated learning (SRL), an active area in contemporary educational psychology, are inherently suited to address the issues originating from the defining characteristics of mobile learning: enabling…

Sha, L.; Looi, C.-K.; Chen, W.; Zhang, B. H.

2012-01-01

137

Augmented Learning: Context-Aware Mobile Augmented Reality Architecture for Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile Augmented Reality System (MARS) based e- learning environments equip a learner with a mobile wearable see-through display that interacts with training\\/learning software. MARS has the potential to adapmt to individual learner needs and dynamically distribute tailored instruction to improve learning performance for a life time. While using MARS, learners may interact with their natural environment while MARS digitally annotates

Jayfus T. Doswell

2006-01-01

138

Augmented Learning: Research and Design of Mobile Educational Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|New technology has brought with it new tools for learning, and research has shown that the educational potential of video games resonates with scholars, teachers, and students alike. In "Augmented Learning", Eric Klopfer describes the largely untapped potential of mobile learning games--games played on such handheld devices as cell phones, Game…

Klopfer, Eric

2008-01-01

139

The Design of Mobile Learning System for Teachers' Further Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research is to develop a Mobile Learning System for teachers' further education. Even though traditional PC-based online training systems for teachers' Further Education have promoted the collaboration among teachers, schools, and experts and enhanced teachers' ongoing professional development in an effective way, the terminal learning device has been restricted to PC or tablet PC, which weakens learner's learning interest

Guangran Liu; Zhen Jiao

2010-01-01

140

INTERNATIONAL MOBILITY: CULTURAL VARIATIONS IN LEARNING STYLES AND PEDAGOGICAL SUPPORT  

Microsoft Academic Search

ICT is a key element of lifelong learning and the internationalization of higher education (HE). An increasing number of HE students are becoming internationally mobile, whether virtually or physically, resulting in increasingly diverse learning situations. As learning situations become more and more diverse, they require a wide-ranging repertoire of pedagogical practices. Within the framework of the Socrates-Minerva funded ESMOS project

Helen Keegan; Audrone Valiuskeviciute

2006-01-01

141

Approach to learning disability.  

PubMed

Learning disabilities (LD) is one of the important causes of poor academic performance in school going children. Learning disabilities are developmental disorders that usually manifest during the period of normal education. These disabilities create a significant gap between the true potential and day to day performance of an individual. Dyslexia, dysgraphia and dyscalculia denote the problem related to reading, writing and mathematics. Perinatal problems are certain neurological conditions, known to be associated with LD; however, genetic predisposition seems to be the most probable etiological factors. Evaluation of a child suspected to be having LD consists of medical examination, vision and hearing test analysis of school performance. The psycho-behaviour assessment and education testing are essential in the process of diagnosis. The experienced persons in the field of LD should interpret the results of such tests. With Individualized Remedial Education Plan (IEP) most children learn to cope up with disability and may get integrated in a regular steam. PMID:11450386

Kulkarni, M; Kalantre, S; Upadhye, S; Karande, S; Ahuja, S

2001-06-01

142

Investigating the Determinants and Age and Gender Differences in the Acceptance of Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With the proliferation of mobile computing technology, mobile learning (m-learning) will play a vital role in the rapidly growing electronic learning market. M-learning is the delivery of learning to students anytime and anywhere through the use of wireless Internet and mobile devices. However, acceptance of m-learning by individuals is critical…

Wang, Yi-Shun; Wu, Ming-Cheng; Wang, Hsiu-Yuan

2009-01-01

143

How Artefacts Mediate Small-Group Co-Creation Activities in a Mobile-Assisted Seamless Language Learning Environment?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rich learning resources and contexts learners experience in their everyday life could play important roles in complementing formal learning, but are often neglected by learners and teachers. In this paper, we present an intervention study in "Move, Idioms!", a mobile-assisted Chinese language learning approach that emphasizes contextualized…

Wong, L. -H.; Chen, W.; Jan, M.

2012-01-01

144

How Artefacts Mediate Small-Group Co-Creation Activities in a Mobile-Assisted Seamless Language Learning Environment?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The rich learning resources and contexts learners experience in their everyday life could play important roles in complementing formal learning, but are often neglected by learners and teachers. In this paper, we present an intervention study in "Move, Idioms!", a mobile-assisted Chinese language learning approach that emphasizes contextualized…

Wong, L. -H.; Chen, W.; Jan, M.

2012-01-01

145

LEMONADE: A Flexible Authoring Tool for Integrated Mobile Learning Scenarios  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most of the existing mobile learning environments for supporting field trip activities are limited to specific domains or contents and do not support authoring. We present a framework for planning and conducting field trips with mobile devices called LEMONADE, which provides full cycle support for authoring and conducting field trips, as well as for post-trip reporting and reflection activities. LEMONADE

Adam Giemza; Lars Bollen; Peter Seydel; André Overhagen; H. Ulrich Hoppe

2010-01-01

146

Learning Mathematics in the Mobile Phone Environment: Students' Emotions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers point at the importance of emotions and its study in mathematics education. This research examines middle school students' emotions during learning mathematics outdoors using the mobile phone. The constant comparison method was used to analyze 30 middle school students' emotions while carrying out 15 outdoor activities using the mobile

Daher, Wajeeh

2011-01-01

147

Towards an Understanding of the Virtual Context in Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much of the literature theorising mobile learning emphasises the importance of context with physical and social contexts identified to date. Our work to design and implement authentic mobile simulation activities using SMS text messaging suggests that a third context may also be important. This is a virtual context, the learner-created cognitive…

Cornelius, Sarah; Marston, Phil

2009-01-01

148

A Mobile Video Question Answering System for E-learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the authors proposed a mobile video QA (Question Answering) system for online annotation and ubiquitous multimedia learning. Under the wireless and mobile environment, learners could interact with the system through natural language questions rather than traditional query-like text retrieval. The handheld device is not as well as traditional keyboard input, while the annotation is quite inefficient and

Yi-ting Huang; Ching-i Chung; Chi-cheng Tsai; Chia-hsing Shen; Yu-chieh Wu; Jie-chi Yang

2007-01-01

149

Statistical Inference-Based Cache Management for Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Supporting efficient data access in the mobile learning environment is becoming a hot research problem in recent years, and the problem becomes tougher when the clients are using light-weight mobile devices such as cell phones whose limited storage space prevents the clients from holding a large cache. A practical solution is to store the cache…

Li, Qing; Zhao, Jianmin; Zhu, Xinzhong

2009-01-01

150

Working with Constraints in Mobile Learning: A Response to Ballance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While the enthusiasm that Ballance shows in his commentary (this issue) for mobile learning and the possibilities that new developments in technology of mobile devices may bring about is commendable, there are several areas of concern in his commentary that deserve mention. The author's first concern is that the commentary misrepresents the…

Stockwell, Glenn

2012-01-01

151

Student-Community Collaboration to Construct Mobile Learning Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes a project integrating mobile learning games into the author's course at Appalachian State University, in collaboration with a community partner and for the community as a whole. The process of constructing educational mobile games can be as beneficial as the act of playing. Therefore, the author's beliefs about integrating…

Wallace, Paul

2011-01-01

152

PERSONAL LEARNING ORGANISER: DESIGNING A MOBILE LEARNING EXPERIENCE FOR UNIVERSITY STUDENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a the design of a mobile learning experience that aims to assisti university students to organise their learning activities. The development of the system applied an M-learning design framework to identify appropriate design requirements in practice. Preliminary usability testing on the system revealed the usefulness of the M- learning environment for university students. A practical account

H. RYU; R. BROWN; A. WONG; D. PARSONS

153

A mobility-based clustering approach to support mobility management and multicast routing in mobile ad-hoc wireless networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In our proposed structure, mobile nodes are organized into nonoverlapping clusters which have adaptive variable-sizes according to their respective mobility. The mobility-based clustering (MBC) approach we are proposing uses a combination of both physical and logical partitions of the network (i.e. geographic proximity and functional relation between nodes, such as mobility pattern etc.)

An Beongku; Symeon Papavassiliou

2001-01-01

154

A Concept Map Approach to Developing Collaborative Mindtools for Context-Aware Ubiquitous Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent advances in mobile and wireless communication technologies have enabled various new learning approaches which situate students in environments that combine real-world and digital-world learning resources; moreover, students are allowed to share knowledge or experiences with others during the learning process. Although such an approach

Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Shi, Yen-Ru; Chu, Hui-Chun

2011-01-01

155

Mobile Game-Based Learning in Secondary Education: Engagement, Motivation and Learning in a Mobile City Game  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using mobile games in education combines situated and active learning with fun in a potentially excellent manner. The effects of a mobile city game called Frequency 1550, which was developed by The Waag Society to help pupils in their first year of secondary education playfully acquire historical knowledge of medieval Amsterdam, were investigated…

Huizenga, J.; Admiraal, W.; Akkerman, S.; Dam, G. ten

2009-01-01

156

Face-to-face collaborative learning supported by mobile phones  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of handheld computers in educational contexts has increased considerably in recent years and their value as a teaching tool has been confirmed by many positive experiences, particular within collaborative learning systems (Mobile Computer Supported Collaborative Learning [MCSCL]). The cost of the devices has hindered widespread use in schools, however, and cell phones have emerged as an attractive alternative.

Alejandro Echeverría; Miguel Nussbaum; Juan Felipe Calderón; Claudio Bravo; Cristián Infante; Andrea Vásquez

2009-01-01

157

Face-to-face collaborative learning supported by mobile phones  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of handheld computers in educational contexts has increased considerably in recent years and their value as a teaching tool has been confirmed by many positive experiences, particular within collaborative learning systems (Mobile Computer Supported Collaborative Learning [MCSCL]). The cost of the devices has hindered widespread use in schools, however, and cell phones have emerged as an attractive alternative.

Alejandro Echeverría; Miguel Nussbaum; Juan Felipe Calderón; Claudio Bravo; Cristián Infante; Andrea Vásquez

2011-01-01

158

Mobile Language Learning: More than Just "The Platform"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mobile-assisted language learning (MALL) is attracting a great deal of attention at present (Stockwell & Sotillo, 2011). However, it is important that teacher and researcher exploitation of technological developments be guided by more than just enthusiasm. "Language Learning & Technology's" commitment to empirical studies is admirable but, for…

Ballance, Oliver James

2012-01-01

159

A self-learning reactive navigation method for mobile robots  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the navigation problem of mobile robots in unknown environments, where global path planning methods cannot be applied. In such cases, reactive navigation controllers are commonly employed to deal with the uncertainties in motion planning and control. To realize the automatic design of reactive navigation controllers, a self-learning navigation method is proposed in this paper. The self-learning reactive

Xin Xu; Xue-Ning Wang; Han-Gen He

2003-01-01

160

Face-to-Face Collaborative Learning Supported by Mobile Phones  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The use of handheld computers in educational contexts has increased considerably in recent years and their value as a teaching tool has been confirmed by many positive experiences, particular within collaborative learning systems (Mobile Computer Supported Collaborative Learning [MCSCL]). The cost of the devices has hindered widespread use in…

Echeverria, Alejandro; Nussbaum, Miguel; Calderon, Juan Felipe; Bravo, Claudio; Infante, Cristian; Vasquez, Andrea

2011-01-01

161

Effects of the inquiry-based mobile learning model on the cognitive load and learning achievement of students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advancement of mobile device and wireless communication technologies is having a great influence on the design concept of learning activities. In this study, we attempt to integrate field study into the inquiry-based mobile learning model; moreover, a mobile learning environment that allows students to access both physical and virtual resources is developed accordingly. During the in-field learning activity, the

Gwo Jen Hwang; Po Han Wu; Ya Yen Zhuang; Yueh Min Huang

2011-01-01

162

Distance-Learning and Converging Mobile Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the use, effectiveness, and acceptance of graduate computer science course lectures recorded and formatted for mobile devices, including Video iPods, PDAs, and Ultra-Mobile PCs (UMPC). Technology convergence is trending toward that allows students to participate live in class discussion from anywhere that they have connectivity over Wi-Fi, mobile broadband, or wired LAN. Students were allowed to

Kenneth E. Hoganson

2009-01-01

163

Mobile Learning Content Authoring Tools (MLCATs): A Systematic Review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mobile learning is currently receiving a lot of attention in the education arena, particularly within electronic learning. This is attributed to the increasing mobile penetration rates and the subsequent increases in university student enrolments. Mobile Learning environments are supported by a number of crucial services such as content creation which require an authoring tool. The last decade or so has witnessed increased attention on tools for authoring mobile learning content for education. This can be seen from the vast number of conference and journal publications devoted to the topic. Therefore, the goal of this paper is to review works that were published, suggest a new classification framework and explore each of the classification features. This paper is based on a systematic review of mobile learning content authoring tools (MLCATs) from 2000 to 2009. The framework is developed based on three broad dimensions i.e. Technology, Pedagogy and Usability and a number of features such as system type, development context, Tools and Technologies used, tool availability, ICTD relation, Multimedia support, tool purpose, support for standards, learning style support, intuitive Graphical User Interface and accessibility. This paper provides a means for researchers to extract assertions and several important lessons for the choice and implementation of MLCATs.

Mugwanya, Raymond; Marsden, Gary

164

Enabling virtual reality on mobile devices: enhancing students' learning experience  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nowadays, mobile devices are more and more powerful concerning processing power, main memory and storage as well as graphical output capability and the support for 3D mostly via OpenGL ES. Therefore modern devices allows it to enable Virtual Reality (VR) on them. Most students own (or will own in future) one of these more powerful mobile device. The students owning such a mobile device already using it to communicate (SMS, twitter, etc) and/or to listen to podcasts. Taking this knowledge into account, it makes sense to improve the students learning experience by enabling mobile devices to display VR content.

Feisst, Markus E.

2011-04-01

165

Review of Trends from Mobile Learning Studies: A Meta-Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two previous literature review-based studies have provided important insights into mobile learning, but the issue still needs to be examined from other directions such as the distribution of research purposes. This study takes a meta-analysis approach to systematically reviewing the literature, thus providing a more comprehensive analysis and…

Wu, Wen-Hsiung; Wu, Yen-Chun Jim; Chen, Chun-Yu; Kao, Hao-Yun; Lin, Che-Hung; Huang, Sih-Han

2012-01-01

166

An Ecological Approach to Learning Dynamics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|New approaches to emergent learner-directed learning design can be strengthened with a theoretical framework that considers learning as a dynamic process. We propose an approach that models a learning process using a set of spatial concepts: learning space, position of a learner, niche, perspective, step, path, direction of a step and step…

Normak, Peeter; Pata, Kai; Kaipainen, Mauri

2012-01-01

167

An Ecological Approach to Learning Dynamics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New approaches to emergent learner-directed learning design can be strengthened with a theoretical framework that considers learning as a dynamic process. We propose an approach that models a learning process using a set of spatial concepts: learning space, position of a learner, niche, perspective, step, path, direction of a step and step…

Normak, Peeter; Pata, Kai; Kaipainen, Mauri

2012-01-01

168

Key Instructional Design Issues in a Cellular Phone-Based Mobile Learning Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Adding flexibility to the learning process, mobile learning offers great opportunities for education, especially for teenagers, who show great attentiveness to mobile technologies. Thus, the need to focus on design aspects of such learning is growing. This study aims to reveal critical issues in designing mobile learning based on a program for…

Gedik, Nuray; Hanci-Karademirci, Arzu; Kursun, Engin; Cagiltay, Kursat

2012-01-01

169

Fall classification by machine learning using mobile phones.  

PubMed

Fall prevention is a critical component of health care; falls are a common source of injury in the elderly and are associated with significant levels of mortality and morbidity. Automatically detecting falls can allow rapid response to potential emergencies; in addition, knowing the cause or manner of a fall can be beneficial for prevention studies or a more tailored emergency response. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate techniques to not only reliably detect a fall but also to automatically classify the type. We asked 15 subjects to simulate four different types of falls-left and right lateral, forward trips, and backward slips-while wearing mobile phones and previously validated, dedicated accelerometers. Nine subjects also wore the devices for ten days, to provide data for comparison with the simulated falls. We applied five machine learning classifiers to a large time-series feature set to detect falls. Support vector machines and regularized logistic regression were able to identify a fall with 98% accuracy and classify the type of fall with 99% accuracy. This work demonstrates how current machine learning approaches can simplify data collection for prevention in fall-related research as well as improve rapid response to potential injuries due to falls. PMID:22586477

Albert, Mark V; Kording, Konrad; Herrmann, Megan; Jayaraman, Arun

2012-05-07

170

Conceptions of Learning and Approaches to Learning in Portuguese Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The article describes a study that attempted to characterise Portuguese students' conceptions of learning and approaches to learning. A sample of university students answered open questions on the meaning, process and context of learning. Results, derived from content analysis, replicate most conceptions of learning described by…

Duarte, Antonio M.

2007-01-01

171

Mobile Devices for Learning: What You Need to Know  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 10-page guide, produced by Edutopia, helps prepare teachers to use mobile devices to engage students and provides suggestions for teachers to help parents understand how mobile technology fits into their child's education. Along with app recommendations, the guide offers some analysis that looks at the positives, but also the challenges, of using mobile devices to support learning. The guide can be downloaded as an English or Spanish pdf. Also included are links to external resources (reports, websites, apps, articles, and web tools).

Robledo, S. J.

2012-01-01

172

Alternative Learning Arenas - Pedagogical Challenges to Mobile Learning Technology in Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

ICT-implementation in education has mostly been aimed at enhancing learning informal arenas-the classroom. However, accepting that learning does not only forego in the formal learning arenas, it is proposed that mobile technology can be used as a bridge between the formal and informal learning arenas. The question is whether the bridge between school and other arenas open or closed-is there

Louise Mifsud

2002-01-01

173

Developing English Learning Contents for Mobile Smart Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The study developed three items in total. First, the application which enables learning contents run on Android OS and Windows\\u000a Mobile OS was developed. Second, contents which will be applied on the application were manufactured. The contents developed\\u000a in this study are for learning English presentations. The contents are classified into two parts; Part 1 is for basic English\\u000a presentations,

Kwangeak Kim; Bong Gyou Lee

174

Mobile-Agent Approach for Mobile Code Localization in Ad hoc Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a new approach in the management of mobile ad hoc networks. Our alternative, based on mobile agent technology, allows the designing of mobile centralized servers in ad hoc network, where it is not obvious to think about a centralized management, due to the absence of any administration or fixed infrastructure in these networks. The object of this

Youcef Zafoune; Aïcha Mokhtari; Rushed Kanawati

2009-01-01

175

Gender and mobility: new approaches for informing sustainability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Feminists have long known that gender and mobility are inseparable, influencing each other in profound and often subtle ways. Tackling complex societal problems, such as sustainability, will require improved understandings of the relationships between gender and mobility. In this essay I propose new approaches to the study of mobility and gender that will provide the knowledge base needed to inform

Susan Hanson

2010-01-01

176

An ethnography of communication approach to mobile product testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Product testing of mobile communication technology has typically employed the same research methodologies that were traditionally applied to stationary technology. An approach that does not primarily rely on physical location to study mobile communication technologies is thus needed. The stable component of mobile communication technology is not physical space but human communication. Therefore, a research model is developed based on

Linda M. Gallant

2006-01-01

177

Specifying Mobile Network using a wp-like Formal Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper aims at providing a formal system, motivated by Dijkstra's weakest precondition logic, for specifying mobile network. The paper shows how mobility can be specified using a state and transition based approach, which allows mobile hosts to be treated as nodes in a traditional statically structured distributed system. Another goal is to reason formally about the possible behaviors of

Awadhesh Kumar Singh; Umesh Ghanekar; Anup Kumar Bandyopadhyay

2005-01-01

178

A Trial of a Bidirectional Learning Management Tool for Promoting Learning by Mobile Phone  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Education outside of the traditional classroom environment is growing more widespread, particularly opportunities presented\\u000a by distance learning. In Japan, students today are frequently seen using the mail function of the WWW from their mobile phone.\\u000a With this in mind, we tried making a bidirectional learning management tool accessible by mobile phone. To promote competitive\\u000a behavior between students, and to maintain

Kouji Yoshida; Kouiti Matsumoto; Kazuhiro Nakada; Tomonori Akutsu; Satoru Fujii; Hiroshi Ichimura

2003-01-01

179

Design and Evaluation of Two Blended Learning Approaches: Lessons Learned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper, we share two blended learning approaches used at the National Institute of Education in Singapore. We have been using these two approaches in the last twelve years in many courses ranging from the diploma to graduate programs. For the first blended learning approach, we integrated one asynchronous communication tool with face to…

Cheung, Wing Sum; Hew, Khe Foon

2011-01-01

180

iLearning: The Future of Higher Education? Student Perceptions on Learning with Mobile Tablets  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The growing use of mobile technology on college campuses suggests the future of the classroom, including learning activities, research, and even student faculty communications, will rely heavily on mobile technology. Since Fall 2010, an interdisciplinary team of faculty from Indiana University--Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) has…

Rossing, Jonathan P.; Miller, Willie M.; Cecil, Amanda K.; Stamper, Suzan E.

2012-01-01

181

A Customizable Game Engine for Mobile Game-Based Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of computers in education has greatly increased during the last two decades. At the same time, technology advances have opened new spaces and possibilities for the field of computer-based edutainment-education in the form of entertainment - where learners can achieve their learning goals while having fun. Games on mobile phones have become a significant part of the contemporary

Stefano Mininel; F. Vatta; S. Gaion; Walter Ukovich; Maria Pia Fanti

2009-01-01

182

Ubiquitous mobile knowledge construction in collaborative learning environments.  

PubMed

Knowledge management is a critical activity for any organization. It has been said to be a differentiating factor and an important source of competitiveness if this knowledge is constructed and shared among its members, thus creating a learning organization. Knowledge construction is critical for any collaborative organizational learning environment. Nowadays workers must perform knowledge creation tasks while in motion, not just in static physical locations; therefore it is also required that knowledge construction activities be performed in ubiquitous scenarios, and supported by mobile and pervasive computational systems. These knowledge creation systems should help people in or outside organizations convert their tacit knowledge into explicit knowledge, thus supporting the knowledge construction process. Therefore in our understanding, we consider highly relevant that undergraduate university students learn about the knowledge construction process supported by mobile and ubiquitous computing. This has been a little explored issue in this field. This paper presents the design, implementation, and an evaluation of a system called MCKC for Mobile Collaborative Knowledge Construction, supporting collaborative face-to-face tacit knowledge construction and sharing in ubiquitous scenarios. The MCKC system can be used by undergraduate students to learn how to construct knowledge, allowing them anytime and anywhere to create, make explicit and share their knowledge with their co-learners, using visual metaphors, gestures and sketches to implement the human-computer interface of mobile devices (PDAs). PMID:22969333

Baloian, Nelson; Zurita, Gustavo

2012-05-25

183

Reexamining the Effectiveness of Vocabulary Learning via Mobile Phones  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to reexamine the effectiveness of vocabulary learning via mobile phones. Students (N=78) from two intact classes of sophomores at a Chinese university were assigned to two groups: the SMS group (the experimental group) and the paper group (the control group). Then, they were administered a pretest to identify the level…

Zhang, Haisen; Song, Wei; Burston, Jack

2011-01-01

184

Ubiquitous Mobile Knowledge Construction in Collaborative Learning Environments  

PubMed Central

Knowledge management is a critical activity for any organization. It has been said to be a differentiating factor and an important source of competitiveness if this knowledge is constructed and shared among its members, thus creating a learning organization. Knowledge construction is critical for any collaborative organizational learning environment. Nowadays workers must perform knowledge creation tasks while in motion, not just in static physical locations; therefore it is also required that knowledge construction activities be performed in ubiquitous scenarios, and supported by mobile and pervasive computational systems. These knowledge creation systems should help people in or outside organizations convert their tacit knowledge into explicit knowledge, thus supporting the knowledge construction process. Therefore in our understanding, we consider highly relevant that undergraduate university students learn about the knowledge construction process supported by mobile and ubiquitous computing. This has been a little explored issue in this field. This paper presents the design, implementation, and an evaluation of a system called MCKC for Mobile Collaborative Knowledge Construction, supporting collaborative face-to-face tacit knowledge construction and sharing in ubiquitous scenarios. The MCKC system can be used by undergraduate students to learn how to construct knowledge, allowing them anytime and anywhere to create, make explicit and share their knowledge with their co-learners, using visual metaphors, gestures and sketches to implement the human-computer interface of mobile devices (PDAs).

Baloian, Nelson; Zurita, Gustavo

2012-01-01

185

Learning Mathematics in the Mobile Phone Environment: Students' Emotions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Researchers point at the importance of emotions and its study in mathematics education. This research examines middle school students' emotions during learning mathematics outdoors using the mobile phone. The constant comparison method was used to analyze 30 middle school students' emotions while carrying out 15 outdoor activities using the…

Daher, Wajeeh

2011-01-01

186

Wireless and mobile technologies to enhance teaching and learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research aims to build a Wireless Technology Enhanced Classroom (WiTEC) that supports everyday activities unobtrusively and seamlessly in classroom contexts. This paper describes the integration of wireless LAN, wireless mobile learning devices, an electronic whiteboard, an interactive classroom server, and a resource and class management server to build the WiTEC. This contains a number of features that can support

T. C. Liu; H. Y. Wang; J. K. Liang; T. W. Chan; H. W. Ko; J. C. Yang

2003-01-01

187

Teaching Science with Mobile Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (MCSCL)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effectively incorporating technology into the classroom is a great challenge faced by schools today. In this article, we propose a mobile computer supported collaborative learning (MCSCL) system to support high school teachers with wirelessly networked handheld computers. This system promotes student collaboration and constructivism, without losing face-to-face contact. The MCSCL system was tested during a five week experience in a

Camila Cortez; Miguel Nussbaum; Raúl A. Santelices; Patricio Rodríguez; Gustavo Zurita; Mónica Correa; Rafael Cautivo

2004-01-01

188

Use of Mobile Learning by Resident Physicians in Botswana  

PubMed Central

Abstract With the growth of mobile health in recent years, learning through the use of mobile devices (mobile learning [mLearning]) has gained recognition as a potential method for increasing healthcare providers' access to medical information and resources in resource-limited settings. In partnership with the University of Botswana School of Medicine (SOM), we have been exploring the role of smartphone-based mLearning with resident (physicians in specialty training) education. The SOM, which admitted its first class of medical students and residents in 2009, is committed to providing high-level on-site educational resources for resident physicians, even when practicing in remote locations. Seven residents were trained to use an Android-based myTouch 3G smartphone equipped with data-enabled subscriber identity module (SIM) cards and built-in camera. Phones contained locally loaded point-of-care and drug information applications, a telemedicine application that allows for the submission of cases to local mentors, and e-mail/Web access. Surveys were administered at 4 weeks and 8 weeks following distribution of phones. We found that smartphones loaded with point-of-care tools are effectively utilized by resident physicians in resource-limited settings, both for accessing point-of-care medical information at the bedside and engaging in self-directed learning at home.

Chang, Aileen Y.; Ghose, Sankalpo; Littman-Quinn, Ryan; Anolik, Rachel B.; Kyer, Andrea; Mazhani, Loeto; Seymour, Anne K.

2012-01-01

189

Using RSS to Support Mobile Learning Based on Media Richness Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the rapid development of mobile technologies, mobile learning has become a new trend in education. A better understanding of how to effectively use communication technologies to improve mobile learning is important. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the media richness of various message delivery methods in the proposed m-learning

Lan, Yu-Feng; Sie, Yang-Siang

2010-01-01

190

Using RSS to support mobile learning based on media richness theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the rapid development of mobile technologies, mobile learning has become a new trend in education. A better understanding of how to effectively use communication technologies to improve mobile learning is important. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the media richness of various message delivery methods in the proposed m-learning environment based on media richness theory. Regarding the

Yu-Feng Lan; Yang-Siang Sie

2010-01-01

191

Elucidating user behavior of mobile learning: A perspective of the extended technology acceptance model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to propose and verify that the technology acceptance model (TAM) can be employed to explain and predict the acceptance of mobile learning (M-learning); an activity in which users access learning material with their mobile devices. The study identifies two factors that account for individual differences, i.e. perceived enjoyment (PE) and perceived mobility

Jen-hung Huang; Yu-ru Lin; Shu-ting Chuang

2007-01-01

192

Using RSS to Support Mobile Learning Based on Media Richness Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With the rapid development of mobile technologies, mobile learning has become a new trend in education. A better understanding of how to effectively use communication technologies to improve mobile learning is important. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the media richness of various message delivery methods in the proposed m-learning

Lan, Yu-Feng; Sie, Yang-Siang

2010-01-01

193

An Overview of Mobile Assisted Language Learning: From Content Delivery to Supported Collaboration and Interaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mobile learning is undergoing rapid evolution. While early generations of mobile learning tended to propose activities that were carefully crafted by educators and technologists, learners are increasingly motivated by their personal learning needs, including those arising from greater mobility and frequent travel. At the same time, it is often…

Kukulska-Hulme, Agnes; Shield, Lesley

2008-01-01

194

Deployment of Mobile Learning Course Materials to Android Powered Mobile Devices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The objective of this article is to facilitate mobile teaching and learning by providing an alternative course material deployment method. This article suggests a course material deployment platform for small universities or individual instructors. Different from traditional course material deployment methods, the method discussed deploys course…

Chao, Lee

2012-01-01

195

Mobile Learning: Two Case Studies of Supporting Inquiry Learning in Informal and Semiformal Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile technologies can support learning across different contexts as their portability enables them to be used by the learner in whichever context she or he is in. They can be particularly beneficial in informal and semiformal contexts where learners have more control over their learning goals and where motivation is often high. Inquiries in…

Jones, Ann C.; Scanlon, Eileen; Clough, Gill

2013-01-01

196

Novices' perceptions and experiences of a mobile social learning environment for learning of programming  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we report programming novices' perceptions and experiences of a Mobile Social Learning Environment (MSLE) designed to support the learning of programming through enabling increased novice-to-novice interactions. By capturing and analysing such interactions early it is hoped that instructors may identify misunderstandings and misconceptions of novice programmers, and provide timely feedback to alleviate novices' misunderstandings. The MSLE incorporates

Mercy Maleko; Margaret Hamilton; Daryl D'Souza

2012-01-01

197

Mobile Studio Experience of Experiential Learning in Electrical Engineering Class  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

All core courses in Electrical and Computer Engineering at Howard University and, at certain extent, in most engineering and science disciplines everywhere, are each taught by a combination of lecture and laboratory. The idea behind the lecture-lab combination is to help bridge the gap between the classroom knowledge of theory and the practical aspect in real world. The good idea, however, has failed to produce the necessary practice and intended result. Lecture and lab are seldom taught in the same class and, therefore, different topics are covered in two separate classes. Often, lecture and lab are taught by different instructors. Consequently, the intended learning reinforcement by active experimentation of lectured abstract concept is not realized. Theories and applications have been divided; simulations and implementations, alienated. Great is the need of lecture/lab hybrid class that unifies two components together, and equally high is the demand of experiential learning in which introduction of theories and their experiences are instant and dynamic. Behind this persistent disunity between lecture and lab, there is a practical reason: the daunting task of bringing lab into class. Traditional labs are equipped with workbenches and expensive bulky instruments. Technology development and miniaturized packaging, however, enabled to produce palm-sized instrumentation interface boards which can replace most of the Electrical Engineering lab equipment and thus can bring lab into class. A computer with the interface can become a portable lab or Mobile Studio. Mobile Studio is philosophy and pedagogy which intends to bring laboratory into classroom with a mobile, portable set of computer and scope software provided with similar functionality to that of the traditional laboratory equipment. The Mobile Studio enables the experiential learning for students in classroom through instant experimentation and verification of the classroom knowledge by producing waveforms, measuring and recording signals, and analyzing recorded data. The Mobile Studio class at Howard University made a great impact in learning enhancement of for the students.

Chouikha, Mohamed; Kim, Charles; Thomas, Veronica

2009-10-12

198

Comparison of Different Approaches for Mobile Advertising  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile terminals, such as cellular phones and PDAs, have an enormous advertising potential: they are extremely popular and most people carry such devices with them all day, enabling personalized advertising. However, there is a serious danger that the Spam wave, known from e-mail communication, will spillover to mobile devices. In addition, it is important to take protection of private data

Rebecca Bulander; Michael Decker; G. Schiefer; B. Kolmel

2005-01-01

199

NEW WINE IN NEW BOTTLES: APPLYING FLOW EXPERIENCE TO MOBILE LEARNING  

Microsoft Academic Search

A key assumption of mobile learning is that its built-in experiences will be enjoyable and proactive, empowering the user with the knowledge and ability to self-manage. This implies that the benefits and critical success factors of mobile learning are not based on learning performance alone. To empirically demonstrate this premise, we report on the flow experience of three different learning

Hokyoung Ryu; David Parsons; Jingning Li; Nick Sheng; Yasir Javed

2009-01-01

200

Q-RAN: A Constructive Reinforcement Learning Approach for Robot Behavior Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a learning system that uses Q- learning with a resource allocating network (RAN) for behavior learning in mobile robotics. The RAN is used as a function approximator, and Q-learning is used to learn the control policy in 'off-policy' fashion that enables learning to be bootstrapped by a prior knowledge controller, thus speeding up the reinforcement learning. Our

Jun Li; Achim J. Lilienthal; Tomás Martínez-marín; Tom Duckett

2006-01-01

201

Investigating the Roles of Perceived Playfulness, Resistance to Change and Self-Management of Learning in Mobile English Learning Outcome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although there is a growing interest in mobile learning, there are limited studies that focus on student knowledge acquisition. As applications and usages of mobile technology have become more and more accepted, it is important and meaningful that researchers and practitioners of mobile learning understand the potential factors that could…

Huang, Rui-Ting; Jang, Syh-Jong; Machtmes, Krisanna; Deggs, David

2012-01-01

202

Investigating the Roles of Perceived Playfulness, Resistance to Change and Self-Management of Learning in Mobile English Learning Outcome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although there is a growing interest in mobile learning, there are limited studies that focus on student knowledge acquisition. As applications and usages of mobile technology have become more and more accepted, it is important and meaningful that researchers and practitioners of mobile learning understand the potential factors that could…

Huang, Rui-Ting; Jang, Syh-Jong; Machtmes, Krisanna; Deggs, David

2012-01-01

203

Ubiquitous Mobility with Mobile Phones: A Cultural Ecology for Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article argues that mobile phones should be viewed as new cultural resources that operate within an individualized, mobile and convergent mass communication; such a recognition facilitates the options for a cultural ecology. A particular challenge here is to find adequate curricular functions in school where the inclusion of these new…

Cook, John; Pachler, Norbert; Bachmair, Ben

2011-01-01

204

Design approaches in technology-enhanced learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design is critical to the successful development of any interactive learning environment (ILE). Moreover, in technology-enhanced learning (TEL) the design process requires input from many diverse areas of expertise. As such, anyone undertaking tool development is required to directly address the design challenge from multiple perspectives. We provide a motivation and rationale for design approaches for learning technologies that draws

Yishay Mor; Niall Winters

2007-01-01

205

Design approaches in technology enhanced learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design is a critical to the successful development of any interactive learning environment (ILE). Moreover, in technology enhanced learning (TEL), the design process requires input from many diverse areas of expertise. As such, anyone undertaking tool development is required to directly address the design challenge from multiple perspectives. We provide a motivation and rationale for design approaches for learning technologies

Yishay Mor; Niall Winters

2006-01-01

206

Project Management Approaches for Online Learning Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Developments in online learning and its design are areas that continue to grow in order to enhance students' learning environments and experiences. However, in the implementation of new technologies, the importance of properly and fairly overseeing these courses is often undervalued. "Project Management Approaches for Online Learning Design"…

Eby, Gulsun; Yuzer, T. Volkan

2013-01-01

207

Mobile learning for HIV\\/AIDS healthcare worker training in resource-limited settings  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: We present an innovative approach to healthcare worker (HCW) training using mobile phones as a personal learning environment. Twenty physicians used individual Smartphones (Nokia N95 and iPhone), each equipped with a portable solar charger. Doctors worked in urban and peri-urban HIV\\/AIDS clinics in Peru, where almost 70% of the nation's HIV patients in need are on treatment. A set

Maria Zolfo; David Iglesias; Carlos Kiyan; Juan Echevarria; Luis Fucay; Ellar Llacsahuanga; Inge de Waard; Victor Suàrez; Walter Castillo Llaque; Lutgarde Lynen

2010-01-01

208

Q-Learning Based Method of Adaptive Path Planning for Mobile Robot  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reinforcement learning (RL) is a learning technique based on trial and error. Q-learning is a method of RL algorithms. It has been applied widely in the adaptive path planning for the autonomous mobile robot. In order to decrease the learning space and increase the learning convergent speed, this paper adopts Q-layered learning method to divide the task of searching optimal

Yibin Li; Caihong Li; Zijian Zhang

2006-01-01

209

Learning environments: Will mobile technologies enhance tertiary students' learning?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology is changing the way education is being delivered particularly within the higher education arena. Increased access to this technology means that educators need to incorporate new methods of delivery in their teaching. People are becoming lifelong learners engaging in learning opportunities when and where they choose, based on need and availability, rather than being limited to physical location. It

Sarah Snell; Catherine Snell-Siddle

210

Beyond adaptive-critic creative learning for intelligent mobile robots  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Intelligent industrial and mobile robots may be considered proven technology in structured environments. Teach programming and supervised learning methods permit solutions to a variety of applications. However, we believe that to extend the operation of these machines to more unstructured environments requires a new learning method. Both unsupervised learning and reinforcement learning are potential candidates for these new tasks. The adaptive critic method has been shown to provide useful approximations or even optimal control policies to non-linear systems. The purpose of this paper is to explore the use of new learning methods that goes beyond the adaptive critic method for unstructured environments. The adaptive critic is a form of reinforcement learning. A critic element provides only high level grading corrections to a cognition module that controls the action module. In the proposed system the critic's grades are modeled and forecasted, so that an anticipated set of sub-grades are available to the cognition model. The forecasting grades are interpolated and are available on the time scale needed by the action model. The success of the system is highly dependent on the accuracy of the forecasted grades and adaptability of the action module. Examples from the guidance of a mobile robot are provided to illustrate the method for simple line following and for the more complex navigation and control in an unstructured environment. The theory presented that is beyond the adaptive critic may be called creative theory. Creative theory is a form of learning that models the highest level of human learning - imagination. The application of the creative theory appears to not only be to mobile robots but also to many other forms of human endeavor such as educational learning and business forecasting. Reinforcement learning such as the adaptive critic may be applied to known problems to aid in the discovery of their solutions. The significance of creative theory is that it permits the discovery of the unknown problems, ones that are not yet recognized but may be critical to survival or success.

Liao, Xiaoqun; Cao, Ming; Hall, Ernest L.

2001-10-01

211

A group communication approach for mobile computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes the design and implementation of a set of tools, called MobileChannel, for use with the Isis system. A simple scheme to support user mobility-switching a control point between replicated servers-provides a uniform mechanism to handle both client migrations and server failures. The hands-off mechanism is simplified by integrating a FIFO channel implementation into the server replication mechanism. Our scheme

K. Cho; K. P. Birmans

1994-01-01

212

The Use of Mobile Phones to Support Children's Literacy Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this study was to develop a mobile-phone based intervention that would encourage parents to engage their children\\u000a in daily literacy-learning activities. The intervention content included text messages for parents, audio messages for parents\\u000a and children, and Sesame Street letter videos for children. Messaging to parents suggested real-world activities that they\\u000a could use to engage their children in

Glenda Revelle; Emily Reardon; Makeda Mays Green; Jeanette Betancourt; Jennifer Kotler

2007-01-01

213

Economic Education: A Learning Center Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes and evaluates a learning center approach to economic education which involved secondary social studies students at the University of Texas, Austin. The subject of the learning center project was how to purchase and maintain an automobile. Findings indicated that the approach was successful and interesting to students. (Author/DB)|

Sweeney, Jo Ann Cutler; Wiener, Diane

1979-01-01

214

A New Approach to Personalization: Integrating E-Learning and M-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Most personalized learning systems are designed for either personal computers (e-learning) or mobile devices (m-learning). Our research has resulted in a cloud-based adaptive learning system that incorporates mobile devices into a classroom setting. This system is fully integrated into the formative assessment process and, most importantly,…

Nedungadi, Prema; Raman, Raghu

2012-01-01

215

An Approach to Automatically Tracking Music Preference on Mobile Players  

Microsoft Academic Search

More and more music is being made available to the music listener today, while people have their favorite music on their mobile play- ers. In this paper, we investigate an approach to automatically updating the music on the mobile player based on personal listening behavior. The aim is to automatically discard those pieces of music from the player the listener

Tim Pohle; Klaus Seyerlehner; Gerhard Widmer

2008-01-01

216

A living lab research approach for mobile TV  

Microsoft Academic Search

More and more, a user centered approach is adopted for information and communication technologies (ICT) innovation research. One of the recently emerging concepts within this research tradition is the so called 'living lab'. A notable example of ICT innovations is the convergence of mobile telephones and television into mobile television. Within this paper, we contend that the living lab concept

Dimitri Schuurman; Tom Evens; Lieven De Marez

2009-01-01

217

Self-learning navigation algorithm for vision-based mobile robots using machine learning algorithms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many mobile robot navigation methods use, among others, laser scanners, ultrasonic sensors, vision cameras for detecting obstacles\\u000a and following paths. However, humans use only visual (e.g. eye) information for navigation. In this paper, we propose a mobile\\u000a robot control method based on machine learning algorithms which use only camera vision. To efficiently define the state of\\u000a the robot from raw

Jeong-Min Choi; Sang-Jin Lee; Mooncheol Won

2011-01-01

218

A neural learning classifier system with self-adaptive constructivism for mobile robot control.  

PubMed

For artificial entities to achieve true autonomy and display complex lifelike behavior, they will need to exploit appropriate adaptable learning algorithms. In this context adaptability implies flexibility guided by the environment at any given time and an open-ended ability to learn appropriate behaviors. This article examines the use of constructivism-inspired mechanisms within a neural learning classifier system architecture that exploits parameter self-adaptation as an approach to realize such behavior. The system uses a rule structure in which each rule is represented by an artificial neural network. It is shown that appropriate internal rule complexity emerges during learning at a rate controlled by the learner and that the structure indicates underlying features of the task. Results are presented in simulated mazes before moving to a mobile robot platform. PMID:16859445

Hurst, Jacob; Bull, Larry

2006-01-01

219

Ubiquitous learning website: Scaffold learners by mobile devices with information-aware techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

The portability and immediate communication properties of mobile devices influence the learning processes in interact- ing with peers, accessing resources and transferring data. For example, the short message and browsing functions in a cell phone provide users with timely and adaptive information access. Although many studies of mobile learning indicate the pedagogical potential of mobile devices, the screen size, computational

G. D. Chen; C. K. Chang; C. Y. Wang

2008-01-01

220

Test and Evaluation of a Course Designed for Mobile Learning. ZIFF Papiere.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report contains two parts: "Part I: Design and Implementation" (Georg Strohlein) and "Part II: Student Usage" (Helmut Fritsch). Part I describes the development and practical use of a short course on descriptive statistics designed for mobile learning (i.e., the situation when the learning person is mobile and utilizes mobile devices for the…

Strohlein, Georg; Fritsch, Helmut

221

The Pitfalls of Mobile Devices in Learning: A Different View and Implications for Pedagogical Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Studies have been devoted to the design, implementation, and evaluation of mobile learning in practice. A common issue among students' responses toward this type of learning concerns the pitfalls of mobile devices, including small screen, limited input options, and low computational power. As a result, mobile devices are not always perceived by…

Ting, Yu-Liang

2012-01-01

222

Semantic Web Approach to Personal Information Management on Mobile Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we will adopt the Semantic Web as our representational basis, and present some results of applying this approach in the context of mobile devices. Underlying the discussion is a desire to ask (and answer) some \\

Ora Lassila

2008-01-01

223

Mobile accelerator: A new approach to improve TCP performance in mobile data networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the performance of TCP in mobile data networks and proposes a novel approach to address the problem of optimizing transport protocol for these networks - a network-centric approach. We propose to realize protocol optimizations within the network by means of deploying a network-layer device — called a mobile accelerator, which performs protocol optimizations on-the-fly to improve transport

Ke Liu; Jack Y. B. Lee

2011-01-01

224

An improved mobile location approach based on RSCP difference  

Microsoft Academic Search

An effective approach of locating WCDMA mobile is proposed which use Weighted Least Square (WLS) method to solve system of nonlinear equations. The proposed location approach tries to correct the location errors caused by field measurement and distance calculation. The approach does not need any hardware modification to the running WCDMA system devices. The results of driving test indicate that

Zhenqiang Wanga; Yi-sheng Zhub; Nan Liu

2011-01-01

225

International capital mobility in the long run and the short run: can we still learn from saving–investment data?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The idea to learn about international capital mobility from saving and investment data remains appealing. Our approach is based on VAR methods and overcomes some of the problems associated with saving–investment regressions when the data are non-stationary. We propose a new measure of long-run capital mobility that can be easily calculated as a by-product of the estimation procedure of a

Mathias Hoffmann

2004-01-01

226

Learning to Teach Citizenship: A Lifelong Learning Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Where do civics teachers learn about the content and methods of civics education? What is the impact of these learning experiences on their teaching approaches? Driven by these questions, we undertook a study with civics teachers in Ontario, Canada. Whereas citizenship education is often understood as occurring exclusively in formal schooling, and the preparation for teaching civics is usually conceived

Daniel Schugurensky; John P. Myers

2003-01-01

227

Adaptation to learning styles in E-Learning: Approach evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is obvious that we all have different approaches to learning. Psychologists call these individual differences learning styles (LS). Researchers provide recommendations for possible instructional strategies to support some LS in educational settings and, in particular, in web-based environments. The problem with most existing implementations is that the systems are bound to a certain LS model, and the LS representation

Natalia Stash; Alexandra Cristea; PME De Bra

2006-01-01

228

A Renaissance of Audio: Podcasting Approaches for Learning on Campus and Beyond  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper, we urge practitioners to consider the potential of podcasting for teaching, learning and assessment. Our perspective is drawn from research on IMPALA (Informal Mobile Podcasting And Learning Adaptation), which showed that there is a range of successful podcasting approaches for students on campus. After briefly surveying the…

Edirisingha, Palitha; Hawkridge, David; Fothergill, John

2010-01-01

229

Accelerated learning approaches for maintenance training  

SciTech Connect

As a training tool, Accelerated Learning techniques have been in use since 1956. Trainers from a variety of applications and disciplines have found success in using Accelerated Learning approaches, such as training aids, positive affirmations, memory aids, room arrangement, color patterns, and music. Some have thought that maintenance training and Accelerated Learning have nothing in common. Recent training applications by industry and education of Accelerated Learning are proving very successful by several standards. This paper cites available resource examples and challenges maintenance trainers to adopt new ideas and concepts to accelerate learning in all training setting. 7 refs.

Erickson, E.J.

1991-01-01

230

Learning Unplugged: Using Mobile Technologies for Organizational Training and Performance Improvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book, which is written by a training consultant, is intended to help organizations determine whether specific readily available mobile technologies make sense for their particular learning and performance needs. Chapter 1 discusses the mobile revolution in learning and performance, with special attention to the new work and learning

Gayeski, Diane

231

To Flow and Not to Freeze: Applying Flow Experience to Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

A key design goal of mobile learning is that its built-in experiences are enjoyable and proactive, empowering the learner with the knowledge and ability to self-manage. This implies that the benefits and critical success factors of mobile learning activities should not simply be based only on learning performance, but also on learners' experiences so that we can assess the added

Jungho Park; David Parsons; Hokyoung Ryu

2010-01-01

232

Ubiquitous knowledge construction: mobile learning re?defined and a conceptual framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Emerging from recent mobile technologies, mobile learning, or m?learning, is beginning to offer ‘stunning new technical capabilities’ in education (DiGiano et al., 2003). This new genre of learning is viewed as a revolutionary stage in educational technology. However, ubiquitous computing technologies have given rise to several issues. This article revisits the relevant definitions and provides a conceptual framework of ubiquitous

Hsinyi Peng; Chien Chou

2009-01-01

233

RSS and Vodcasting for Undergraduate Design and Technology Stude nts: Mobile Learning Scenarios, Issues and Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

Th is paper describes a study of mobile learning for undergraduate design and technology education. The methodology is action research, to assess student\\/ lecturer competencies with mobile learning on two modules. It was found that RSS and Vodcasting learning scenarios require a fundamental shift in stakeholders' management of internet- based educational information for design and technology education. Collecting data on

M. R. Hepburn; A. R. Hodgson

234

Using Mobile Techniques in Improving Information Awareness to Promote Learning Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile techniques make information transform more efficiently. Many learning strategies will become more effectively under the supporting of significant and real time information. Three kinds of information awareness mechanisms using mobile devices are proposed to assist students to promote learning performance of students. Mechanisms for improving learning status awareness, schedule awareness, and mentor awareness are developed to recommend students what

Chin-yeh Wang; Baw-jhiune Liu; Kuo-en Chang; Jorng-tzong Horng; Gwo-dong Chen

2003-01-01

235

Mobile Learning Environment with Short Messaging Service: Application to a Campus Environment in a Developing Country  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss how to integrate secure, open-source and mobile-based system with the Moodle learning management system (MLMS) then describe the implementation of a campus-wide mobile learning environment with short messaging system (SMS) and how this platform is incorporated with the student's learning

Premadasa, H. K. Salinda; Meegama, R. Gayan N.

2013-01-01

236

Design and Implementation of a Mobile Learning Environment as an Extension of SCORM 2004 Specifications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development of an adaptive self-learning environment in which both mobile phones and personal computers can be used as client terminals. The SCORM 2004 specification was used to implement a standard-based learner adaptive function. The specification was extended to enable offline learning using mobile phones and sharing of course structure and learner tracking information for learning activities

Kiyoshi Nakabayashi; Takahide Hoshide; Masanobu Hosokawa; Taichi Kawakami; Kazuo Sato

2007-01-01

237

Is Mobile Learning the Future of 21st Century Education? Educational Considerations from Various Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of the key trends currently affecting the practices of teaching, learning, and creative inquiry, as mentioned in "The 2011 Horizon Report," is that learners prefer flexibility and mobility. Mobile learning is gaining popularity as an emerging trend facilitating the process of teaching and learning in the 21st Century. Research indicates…

Lahiri, Minakshi; Moseley, James L.

2012-01-01

238

Managing technology projects: an organizational learning approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Empirical studies have pointed to the need for cou- pling introduction of new technotkgy to organizational development and corporate strategy. We shall propose an organizational learning approach and present a four- perspective model which accepts the multi-dimensional nature of learning in organizations. This will allow for a comprehensive discussion, supported by case studies, of how to identify core competences in

Jens O. Riis; Claus Neergaard

1995-01-01

239

An e-learning approach to secondary education in Palestine: opportunities and challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapid growth of ICT, especially the Internet, opens up the possibility of a new teaching and learning paradigm. The e-learning approach has internationally been deemed necessary to enable twenty-first century learners to adapt to global changes. This paper explores the potential of e-learning methods in conflict situation with mobility restrictions to enhance the educational process and to provide continuous

Khitam Shraim; Zuheir Khlaif

2010-01-01

240

A Study ofB ehavioral Intention for 3G Mobile Internet Technology: Preliminary Research on Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Nowadays,education tendsto go out of the campus. The rapid growth,of mobile users will push educational,institutions to adopt mobile learning solutions. The IT and telecommunication industries ,need to understand,what,factors will influence the users’ intention to adopt ,m-learning technology to support their implementation. InThailand, there is lack of studies investigating the users’ intention to adopt this new technology, particularly focused on

Dulyalak Phuangthong; Settapong Malisawan

241

A mobile e-learning environment for developing countries: the Bangladesh Virtual Interactive Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports a project working to improve distance education in Bangladesh by means of a low-cost, large-scale interactive learning environment using video, mobile phones, SMS-based tools administered in a learning management system, and innovative pedagogy based on the student-centered learning model. The paper addresses the question of how to use existing mobile telephony technical infrastructure to create interactive learning

Åke Grönlund; Yousuf M. Islam

2010-01-01

242

Approaches for Learning Prolog Programming  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding Prolog programming is a challenge for many beginners, and many instructors and researchers have proposed and adopted varied teaching approaches to help learners to understand Prolog easily. However, it is not known whether any of the teaching approaches currently in use is appropriate from a learner's perspective. This paper reports the results of an investigation into which approaches are

Shanshan Yang; Mike Joy

243

University Students' Behavioral Intention to Use Mobile Learning: Evaluating the Technology Acceptance Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As many Korean universities have recommended the implementation of mobile learning (m-learning) for various reasons, the number of such tertiary learning opportunities has steadily grown. However, little research has investigated the factors affecting university students' adoption and use of m-learning. A sample of 288 Konkuk university students…

Park, Sung Youl; Nam, Min-Woo; Cha, Seung-Bong

2012-01-01

244

Modeling and Simulation of An Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) for Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With recent advances in mobile learning (m-learning), it is becoming possible for learning activities to occur everywhere. The learner model presented in our earlier work was partitioned into smaller elements in the form of learner profiles, which collectively represent the entire learning process. This paper presents an Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy…

Al-Hmouz, A.; Shen, Jun; Al-Hmouz, R.; Yan, Jun

2012-01-01

245

Risky Business or Sharing the Load?--Social Flow in Collaborative Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning has been built upon the premise that we can transform traditional classroom or computer-based learning activities into a more ubiquitous and connected form of learning. Tentative outcomes from this assertion have been witnessed in many collaborative learning activities, but few analytic observations on what triggers this…

Ryu, Hokyoung; Parsons, David

2012-01-01

246

Student Centred Approaches: Teachers' Learning and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student centred approaches to teaching and learning in mathematics is one of the reforms currently being advocated and implemented to improve mathematics outcomes for students from low socio-economic status (SES) backgrounds. The models, meanings and practices of student centred approaches explored in this paper reveal that a constructivist model…

Vale, Colleen; Davies, Anne; Weaven, Mary; Hooley, Neil

2010-01-01

247

Young children’s approaches to learning: a sociocultural perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recognising school readiness as a national priority, the National Education Goals Panel identified the development of young children’s approaches to learning as essential for achieving readiness. Approaches to learning include inclinations, attitudes, and learning styles. Despite wide agreement that learning approaches are critical for school success, our understanding of factors that influence children’s use of approaches in the classroom is

Ann Masur; Gillian McNamee

2010-01-01

248

Young children’s approaches to learning: a sociocultural perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recognising school readiness as a national priority, the National Education Goals Panel identified the development of young children’s approaches to learning as essential for achieving readiness. Approaches to learning include inclinations, attitudes, and learning styles. Despite wide agreement that learning approaches are critical for school success, our understanding of factors that influence children’s use of approaches in the classroom is

Jie-Qi Chen; Ann Masur; Gillian McNamee

2011-01-01

249

Using Mobile Phones to Promote Lifelong Learning among Rural Women in Southern India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is an attempt to study the role of mobile phones in the non-formal and informal context among rural women from resource poor communities. In particular, it focuses on the women's control over the mobile phone as a learning tool through the domestication of technologies. The distance learning, gender dimensions, and use of technologies…

Balasubramanian, K.; Thamizoli, P.; Umar, Abdurrahman; Kanwar, Asha

2010-01-01

250

Mobile Learning is Coming of Age - What we have and what we still miss  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: Mobile learning has left the status of a new born child. It is time now to implement some structure into the complex and various activities by a framework pre-sented in this paper. The framework classifies mobile learning in the five categories free, formalised, digital, physical, and informal context. Examples for each catego-ry are given. Overviewing the existing projects, the

Dirk Frohberg

2006-01-01

251

Ubiquitous Learning Website: Scaffold Learners by Mobile Devices with Information-Aware Techniques  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The portability and immediate communication properties of mobile devices influence the learning processes in interacting with peers, accessing resources and transferring data. For example, the short message and browsing functions in a cell phone provide users with timely and adaptive information access. Although many studies of mobile learning

Chen, G. D.; Chang, C. K.; Wang, C. Y.

2008-01-01

252

Using Mobile Phones to Promote Lifelong Learning among Rural Women in Southern India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article is an attempt to study the role of mobile phones in the non-formal and informal context among rural women from resource poor communities. In particular, it focuses on the women's control over the mobile phone as a learning tool through the domestication of technologies. The distance learning, gender dimensions, and use of…

Balasubramanian, K.; Thamizoli, P.; Umar, Abdurrahman; Kanwar, Asha

2010-01-01

253

Integrating Mobile, Web and Sensory Technologies to Support Inquiry-Based Science Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent advances in mobile, wireless, and sensor technologies provide new possibilities for supporting learning activities that can be spatially distributed and incorporate different physical and environmental sensory data. In this paper, we present our technical efforts in relation to the design and implementation of mobile and web applications that integrate sensory data used to support inquiry-based science learning. In order

Bahtijar Vogel; Daniel Spikol; Arianit Kurti; Marcelo Milrad

2010-01-01

254

Geolearners: Location-Based Informal Learning with Mobile and Social Technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper looks at how mobile and social technologies are influencing informal learning in the context of online community membership. The development of mobile technologies that use Global Positioning System (GPS) data to pinpoint geographical location together with the rapidly evolving Web 2.0 technologies supporting the creation and consumption of content suggest a potential for collaborative informal learning linked to

Gill Clough

2010-01-01

255

Ubiquitous Learning Website: Scaffold Learners by Mobile Devices with Information-Aware Techniques  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The portability and immediate communication properties of mobile devices influence the learning processes in interacting with peers, accessing resources and transferring data. For example, the short message and browsing functions in a cell phone provide users with timely and adaptive information access. Although many studies of mobile learning

Chen, G. D.; Chang, C. K.; Wang, C. Y.

2008-01-01

256

English Language Learners' Reading Self-Efficacy and Achievement Using 1:1 Mobile Learning Devices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Handheld technology devices allow users to be mobile and access the Internet, personal data, and third-party content applications in many different environments at the users' convenience. The explosion of these mobile learning devices around the globe has led adults to value them for communication, productivity, and learning. Outside of the…

Walters, Jennifer L.

2012-01-01

257

Beyond the Yellow Brick Road: Mobile Web 2.0 Informing a New Institutional E-Learning Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning (m-learning) has moved beyond the realms of fantasy to become a viable platform for contextual learning that bridges formal and informal learning environments. This paper overviews how mobile Web 2.0 has been instrumental in facilitating pedagogical change and informing an institution's new e-learning strategy that focuses upon…

Cochrane, Thomas D.

2010-01-01

258

Beyond the Yellow Brick Road: Mobile Web 2.0 Informing a New Institutional E-Learning Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning (m-learning) has moved beyond the realms of fantasy to become a viable platform for contextual learning that bridges formal and informal learning environments. This paper overviews how mobile Web 2.0 has been instrumental in facilitating pedagogical change and informing an institution's new e-learning strategy that focuses upon…

Cochrane, Thomas D.

2011-01-01

259

Actor Critic Learning: A Near Set Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces an approach to reinforcement learning by cooperating agents using a near set-based variation of the\\u000a Peters-Henry-Lockery rough set-based actor critic adaptive learning method. Near sets were introduced by James Peters in 2006\\u000a and formally defined in 2007. Near sets result from a generalization of rough set theory. One set X is near another set Y to the

Shamama Anwar; K. Sridhar Patnaik

2008-01-01

260

Using Mobile Learning to Teach Reading to Ninth-Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this study determined whether using mobile phones as the medium for student learning with appropriately designed materials could increase educational achievement and motivation for these learners. In this research frontloading vocabulary designed for mobile phones improved comprehension, and produced a significant difference between United States ninth-grade average reading students who used mobile phones versus students in a

Lucianne Brown

2009-01-01

261

Technology Integration: Mobile Devices (iPods), Constructivist Pedagogy, and Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although mobile technology is still evolving with most mobile devices supporting numerous communications and technology standards, there are currently very few applications of these devices to support teaching and learning activities. Integrated appropriately, mobile devices could help students acquire the skills needed to survive in a complex,…

Keengwe, Jared; Pearson, Donna; Smart, Kathy

2009-01-01

262

Development and Evaluation of an Interactive Mobile Learning Environment with Shared Display Groupware  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When using mobile devices in support of learning activities, students gain mobility, but problems arise when group members share information. The small size of the mobile device screen becomes problematic when it is being used by two or more students to share and exchange information. This problem affects interactions among group members. To…

Yang, Jie Chi; Lin, Yi Lung

2010-01-01

263

Sharing Mobile Multimedia Annotations to Support Inquiry-Based Learning Using MobiTOP  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile devices used in educational settings are usually employed within a collaborative learning activity in which learning\\u000a takes place in the form of social interactions between team members while performing a shared task. We introduce MobiTOP (Mobile Tagging of Objects and People), a geospatial digital library system which allows users to contribute and share multimedia annotations via mobile devices.\\u000a A

Khasfariyati Razikin; Dion Hoe-lian Goh; Yin-Leng Theng; Quang Minh Nguyen; Thi Nhu Quynh Kim; Ee-peng Lim; Chew-hung Chang; Kalyani Chatterjea; Aixin Sun

2009-01-01

264

Mobile Augmented Reality for Enhancing E-Learning and E-Business  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper demonstrates a new E-Learning\\/E-Business experience using mobile Augmented Reality (AR). We address the greatest limitation of current E-learning\\/E-business systems. We propose the use of advanced augmented reality, mobile computing and communication techniques, and demonstrate many advantages of such an augmented reality system. We introduce several important adaptations to incorporate them into the mobile AR system to enhance the

Suya You; Ulrich Neumann

2010-01-01

265

Teacher learning about online learning: experiences of a situated approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores how teachers experience an online course designed to provide a situated approach to developing understanding of online learning. It describes how the course designer aimed to exploit the potentials of online tasks and interactions in relation to a rationale for situated teacher development, and then explores evidence of how teachers engaged with these processes. A picture of

Diane Slaouti

2007-01-01

266

A Beehive Approach to e-Commerce Mobile Agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we introduce a practical mobile agent scenario which could be used as a basis for an e-commerce setting. Our approach is not based on a centralized trusted environment but on the use of multiple agents; analogue to a beehive where there is one queen who makes the decisions and multiple drones that do the work. Our results

Martin van Hensbergen; Bartek Gedrojc; Jan C. A. van der Lubbe

267

IPTV based m-learning system: A first approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

From the evolution of different technologies have emerged variants of e-learning such as the so-called mobile learning (m-learning), which has been possible thanks to the evolution of mobile devices and wireless networks. Likewise, television has been used for years in the field of education as a platform for delivering educational contents, and it has also evolved into a digital platform

Edilmer Vasquez Sarria; Alexander Garcia Davalos

2012-01-01

268

Young Children's Approaches to Learning: A Sociocultural Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recognising school readiness as a national priority, the National Education Goals Panel identified the development of young children's approaches to learning as essential for achieving readiness. Approaches to learning include inclinations, attitudes, and learning styles. Despite wide agreement that learning approaches are critical for school…

Chen, Jie-Qi; Masur, Ann; McNamee, Gillian

2011-01-01

269

3D tracking in unknown environments using on-line keypoint learning for mobile augmented reality  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present a natural feature tracking algorithm based on on-line boosting used for localizing a mobile computer. Mobile augmented reality requires highly accurate and fast six degrees of freedom tracking in order to provide registered graphical overlays to a mobile user. With advances in mobile computer hardware, vision-based tracking approaches have the potential to provide efficient solutions

Gerhard Schall; Helmut Grabner; Michael Grabner; Paul Wohlhart; Dieter Schmalstieg; Horst Bischof

2008-01-01

270

The Contrivance of Mobile Learning: An Actor-Network Perspective on the Emergence of a Research Field  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The ongoing development of mobile devices like cell phones, iPods, PDAs, and so on is seen by an increasing number of educationalists as a chance to focus on a new kind of learning. This mobile learning, as it is called, should enable students to learn while on the move. Rather than giving a genealogy of the use of mobile equipment in education,…

Decuypere, Mathias; Simons, Maarten; Masschelein, Jan

2011-01-01

271

Exploring the relationship between urbanized Malaysian youth and their mobile phones: A quantitative approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile phones have become a ubiquitous consumer item. This paper aims to explore mobile phone usage, extending work beyond teenage years to examine the role of mobile phones among urbanized Malaysian youth, specifically university students. Four main categories were identified, namely, mobile phone purchasing factors and reasons to use, mobile phone usage and also behavioural issues. A mixed-mode approach involving

Vimala Balakrishnan; Ram Gopal Raj

272

Developing a Mobile Learning Solution for Health and Social Care Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we share our experiences of a large-scale five-year innovative programme to introduce mobile learning into health and social care (H&SC) practice placement learning and assessment that bridges the divide between the university classroom and the practice setting in which these students learn. The outputs are from the Assessment &…

Taylor, J. D.; Dearnley, C. A.; Laxton, J. C.; Coates, C. A.; Treasure-Jones, T.; Campbell, R.; Hall, I.

2010-01-01

273

Using Mobile Technologies for Assessment and Learning in Practice Settings: Outcomes of Five Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the outcomes of the Mobile Technologies Pilot Project for the Assessment and Learning in Practice Settings (ALPS) Centre for Excellence in Teaching and Learning (CETL). ALPS is a partnership of five Higher Education Institutions (HEI) that aims to develop and improve assessment, and thereby learning, in practice settings for…

Dearnley, Christine; Taylor, Jill; Hennessy, Scott; Parks, Maria; Coates, Catherine; Haigh, Jackie; Fairhall, John; Riley, Kevin; Dransfield, Mark

2009-01-01

274

Multiplatform E-Learning Systems and Technologies: Mobile Devices for Ubiquitous ICT-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Multiplatform e-learning systems are emerging technologies that provide integrated learning content to various accessing devices. This book addresses technical challenges, design frameworks, and development experiences of the future that integrate multiple mobile devices into a single multiplatform e-learning system. With expert international…

Goh, Tiong Thye, Ed.

2010-01-01

275

Multiplatform E-Learning Systems and Technologies: Mobile Devices for Ubiquitous ICT-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiplatform e-learning systems are emerging technologies that provide integrated learning content to various accessing devices. This book addresses technical challenges, design frameworks, and development experiences of the future that integrate multiple mobile devices into a single multiplatform e-learning system. With expert international…

Goh, Tiong Thye, Ed.

2010-01-01

276

Affordances of Mobile Technologies for Experiential Learning: The Interplay of Technology and Pedagogical Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Experiential learning is the process of creating knowledge through the transformation of experience and has been adopted in an increasing number of areas. This paper investigates the possibility of technological support for experiential learning. A learning activity flow (or script) and a mobile technology system were designed to facilitate…

Lai, Chih-Hung; Yang, J.-C.; Chen, F.-C.; Ho, C.-W.; Chan, T.-W.

2007-01-01

277

Machine Learning Approach for Homepage Finding Task  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes new machine learning approaches to predict the correct homepage in response to a user's homepage finding query. This involves two phases. In the first phase, a decision tree is generated to predict whether a URL is a homepage URL or not. The decision tree then is used to filter out non-homepages from the webpages returned by a

Wensi Xi; Edward A. Fox; Roy P. Tan; Jiang Shu

2001-01-01

278

A Mixed Learning Approach in Mechatronics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study aims to investigate the effect of a Web-based mixed learning approach model on mechatronics education. The model combines different perception methods such as reading, listening, and speaking and practice methods developed in accordance with the vocational background of students enrolled in the course Electromechanical Systems in…

Yilmaz, O.; Tuncalp, K.

2011-01-01

279

A Mixed Learning Approach in Mechatronics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to investigate the effect of a Web-based mixed learning approach model on mechatronics education. The model combines different perception methods such as reading, listening, and speaking and practice methods developed in accordance with the vocational background of students enrolled in the course Electromechanical Systems in…

Yilmaz, O.; Tuncalp, K.

2011-01-01

280

Collaborative Learning Using Technology: Issues and Approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper will discusses four approaches\\/models for using technology to support collaborative learning. The first section discusses group dynamics, pedagogic issues and administrative issues with specific examples of projects in a human-computer interface development class. The second section describes an architecture design studio course on the World Wide Web that creates a virtual design community accessible to the world and

Steven Saltzberg

281

Approach to Learning and Assessment in Physics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objectives of this exploratory study were to determine: (1) the approach to learning of physics students (N=142) at John Abbott College (Quebec, Canada) as determined by the Study Process Questionnaire; (2) the intellectual demands of quizzes, tests, and final exams in physics using a scheme derived from Bloom's taxonomy; and (3) the…

Dickie, Leslie

282

Whole Language: A Global Approach to Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Whole Language Approach to learning is used to develop reading, writing, and language skills in primary grades and science and social studies skills in intermediate grades. The program is described and its techniques of immersion, theme building, brainstorming, implementation, and flexible grouping are discussed. (JL)|

Ferguson, Phyllis

1988-01-01

283

E-learning any time any place anywhere on mobile devices.  

PubMed

The registered screen resolution of e-learning study moments in MedicalEducation.nl was used in this research to investigate the readiness of students and medical professionals to study e-learning on a mobile device. Between January 2008 and September 2012 the use of e-learning on a mobile device by students has quintupled to 2.29 %, while medical professionals lag behind in this development. If the use of mobile devices for e-learning is better supported, a rapid further increase should be anticipated. Further research on the desire of both students and medical professionals to study e-learning on a mobile device should be conducted. PMID:23670682

Eggermont, Sylvia; Bloemendaal, Peter M; van Baalen, Jary M

2013-03-30

284

Bridging the Gaps between Learning and Teaching through Recognition of Students' Learning Approaches: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Learning approaches, learning methods and learning environments have different effects on students? academic performance. However, they are not the sole factors that impact students? academic achievement. The aims of this research are three-fold: to determine the learning approaches preferred by most students and the impact of the learning

Malie, Senian; Akir, Oriah

2012-01-01

285

Experimental Approach to Teaching and Learning Probability: Stat Lady.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper describes Stat Lady -- an experimental approach to teaching and learning probability based on the postulate that learning is a constructive process, fostered by an experimental learning environment that is anchored in real-world problems. Two e...

V. J. Shute L. A. Gawlick-Grendel

1996-01-01

286

Online-learning and Attention-based Approach to Obstacle Avoidance Using a Range Finder  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem of developing local reactive obstacle-avoidance behaviors by a mobile robot through online real-time learning\\u000a is considered. The robot operated in an unknown bounded 2-D environment populated by static or moving obstacles (with slow\\u000a speeds) of arbitrary shape. The sensory perception was based on a laser range finder. A learning-based approach to the problem\\u000a is presented. To greatly reduce

Shuqing Zeng; Juyang Weng

2007-01-01

287

Approaching the limit of predictability in human mobility.  

PubMed

In this study we analyze the travel patterns of 500,000 individuals in Cote d'Ivoire using mobile phone call data records. By measuring the uncertainties of movements using entropy, considering both the frequencies and temporal correlations of individual trajectories, we find that the theoretical maximum predictability is as high as 88%. To verify whether such a theoretical limit can be approached, we implement a series of Markov chain (MC) based models to predict the actual locations visited by each user. Results show that MC models can produce a prediction accuracy of 87% for stationary trajectories and 95% for non-stationary trajectories. Our findings indicate that human mobility is highly dependent on historical behaviors, and that the maximum predictability is not only a fundamental theoretical limit for potential predictive power, but also an approachable target for actual prediction accuracy. PMID:24113276

Lu, Xin; Wetter, Erik; Bharti, Nita; Tatem, Andrew J; Bengtsson, Linus

2013-10-11

288

Approaching the Limit of Predictability in Human Mobility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study we analyze the travel patterns of 500,000 individuals in Cote d'Ivoire using mobile phone call data records. By measuring the uncertainties of movements using entropy, considering both the frequencies and temporal correlations of individual trajectories, we find that the theoretical maximum predictability is as high as 88%. To verify whether such a theoretical limit can be approached, we implement a series of Markov chain (MC) based models to predict the actual locations visited by each user. Results show that MC models can produce a prediction accuracy of 87% for stationary trajectories and 95% for non-stationary trajectories. Our findings indicate that human mobility is highly dependent on historical behaviors, and that the maximum predictability is not only a fundamental theoretical limit for potential predictive power, but also an approachable target for actual prediction accuracy.

Lu, Xin; Wetter, Erik; Bharti, Nita; Tatem, Andrew J.; Bengtsson, Linus

2013-10-01

289

Approaching the Limit of Predictability in Human Mobility  

PubMed Central

In this study we analyze the travel patterns of 500,000 individuals in Cote d'Ivoire using mobile phone call data records. By measuring the uncertainties of movements using entropy, considering both the frequencies and temporal correlations of individual trajectories, we find that the theoretical maximum predictability is as high as 88%. To verify whether such a theoretical limit can be approached, we implement a series of Markov chain (MC) based models to predict the actual locations visited by each user. Results show that MC models can produce a prediction accuracy of 87% for stationary trajectories and 95% for non-stationary trajectories. Our findings indicate that human mobility is highly dependent on historical behaviors, and that the maximum predictability is not only a fundamental theoretical limit for potential predictive power, but also an approachable target for actual prediction accuracy.

Lu, Xin; Wetter, Erik; Bharti, Nita; Tatem, Andrew J.; Bengtsson, Linus

2013-01-01

290

Bluetooth mobile advertising system using pull-based approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this paper is on the implementation of Bluetooth as a tool to provide m-advertising (mobile advertising). The paper attempts to introduce the implementation of Bluetooth m-advertising system based on user-driven concept using pull-based approach. User-driven concept gives flexibility to end users to select the preferred advertisements from the server while pull-based m-advertising provides advertisement to users based

Azni H. Halim; Ahmad H. Fauzi; Selviawati Tarmizi

2008-01-01

291

A Service-oriented Approach for Pervasive Learning Grid  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work proposes p-Learning grid, a service-oriented approach, based on a per-vasive learning grid, for solving difficulties associated with the sharing of learning re-sources distributed on different e-Learning platforms. The p-Learning grid not only en-ables collaboration and effective reuse of learning objects but also supports learning anytime, anywhere. Since the WSDL of web services remains poorly defined and has poor

Ching-jung Liao; Fan-chuan Yang

2004-01-01

292

A Service-Oriented Approach for the Pervasive Learning Grid  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work proposes p-Learning grid, a service-oriented approach, based on a per- vasive learning grid, for solving difficulties associated with the sharing of learning re- sources distributed on different e-Learning platforms. The p-Learning grid not only en- ables collaboration and effective reuse of learning objects but also supports learning anytime, anywhere. Since the WSDL of web services remains poorly defined

Ching-jung Liao; Fang-chuan Ou Yang; Kevin Chihcheng Hsu

2005-01-01

293

Towards an Integrated Approach for Research on Lifelong Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is little dispute that lifelong learning is essential to the further development of the knowledge society. Nonetheless, lifelong learning is not reaching its full potential because the currently used approaches to lifelong learning are too fragmented and, often, formal approaches to education and learning are simply "translated" from…

van Merrienboer, Jeroen J. G.; Kirschner, Paul A.; Paas, Fred; Sloep, Peter B.; J. Caniels, Marjolein C.

2009-01-01

294

Understanding Fatty Acid Metabolism through an Active Learning Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A multi-method active learning approach (MALA) was implemented in the Medical Biochemistry teaching unit of the Biomedical Sciences degree at the University of Aveiro, using problem-based learning as the main learning approach. In this type of learning strategy, students are involved beyond the mere exercise of being taught by listening. Less…

Fardilha, M.; Schrader, M.; da Cruz e Silva, O. A. B.; da Cruz e Silva, E. F.

2010-01-01

295

Mobile Assisted Language Learning in University EFL Courses in Japan: Developing Attitudes and Skills for Self-Regulated Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports a project in which researchers at universities in Japan explored the use of Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALL) practices by developing a learning module intended to help improve students' scores on the TOEIC Listening and Reading Tests. MALL practices are currently being developed at universities in Japan because almost…

Kondo, Mutsumi; Ishikawa, Yasushige; Smith, Craig; Sakamoto, Kishio; Shimomura, Hidenori; Wada, Norihisa

2012-01-01

296

Mobile Assisted Language Learning in University EFL Courses in Japan: Developing Attitudes and Skills for Self-Regulated Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports a project in which researchers at universities in Japan explored the use of Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALL) practices by developing a learning module intended to help improve students' scores on the TOEIC Listening and Reading Tests. MALL practices are currently being developed at universities in Japan because almost…

Kondo, Mutsumi; Ishikawa, Yasushige; Smith, Craig; Sakamoto, Kishio; Shimomura, Hidenori; Wada, Norihisa

2012-01-01

297

Learning at a Distance through Mobile Devices: A Global Choice of Learners in the Open and Distance Learning (ODL) System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the techno-driven world, mobile learning is an indispensable element of teaching-learning activities. It helps distance learners in many ways by providing their required facilities. The paper discusses about these facilities in an eclectic and summary manner. Thus, by implication, it is popularized among distance learners across the globe.…

Sethy, Satya

2011-01-01

298

Assessing the Effectiveness of Mobile Learning in Large Hybrid\\/Blended Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a method we created to evaluate the impact of mobile learning on a large hybrid\\/blended computer science\\u000a classroom of 562 students (about 90% being online). The impact of the mLearning system and learning activities is evaluated\\u000a through pre- and post-surveys and from four aspects: 1) if student enjoyed the learning experience, 2) how students feel about\\u000a interacting

Minjuan Wang; Daniel Novak; Ruimin Shen

2008-01-01

299

Mobile Microblogging: Using Twitter and Mobile Devices in an Online Course to Promote Learning in Authentic Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research applied a mixed-method design to explore how best to promote learning in authentic contexts in an online graduate course in instructional message design. The students used Twitter apps on their mobile devices to collect, share, and comment on authentic design examples found in their daily lives. The data sources included tweets…

Hsu, Yu-Chang; Ching, Yu-Hui

2012-01-01

300

New technologies, new pedagogies: Mobile technologies and new ways of teaching and learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a major development and research study that investigated the use of mobile technologies in higher education. The project investigated the educational potential of two ubiquitous mobile devices: Palm smart phones and iPod digital audio players (mp3 players). An action learning framework for professional development was designed and implemented with a group of teachers from a Faculty of

Jan Herrington; Jessica Mantei; Anthony Herrington; Ian Olney; Brian Ferry

2008-01-01

301

Balance and Mobility Training for Older Adults: An Undergraduate Service-Learning Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a service learning program aimed at improving balance and mobility in a group of older adults from an independent living center while giving college students (mainly exercise and sport science majors) an opportunity to interact with this population. The program has resulted in improved balance and mobility for the older adults and…

Williams, Kathleen; Kovacs, Christopher

2001-01-01

302

A Collective Case Study of Mobile E-Book Learning Experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research was designed to explore the learning experiences of state college students using mobile e-book readers. The purpose of the study was to build a rich description of how students used electronic textbooks delivered on mobile computing devices for college-level, introductory sociology courses. This research employed a multiple case study design that thoroughly investigated and documented student experiences with

Jeffrey Scott Kissinger

2011-01-01

303

Using Methods of Association Rules Mining Optimizationin in Web-Based Mobile-Learning System  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the rapid development of Internet and Mobile technologies, Web-based Mobile-Learning System has created new ways for educators to communicate with learners. Association rule mining is one of the most important fields in data mining and knowledge discovery in databases. Rules explosion is a serious problem which causes great concerned, as conventional mining algorithms often produce too many rules for

Shijue Zheng; Shaojun Xiong; Yin Huang; Shixiao Wu

2008-01-01

304

Students' Attitudes and Perceptions towards the Effectiveness of Mobile Learning in King Saud University, Saudi Arabia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The main aim of this research study is to better understand and measure students' attitudes and perceptions towards the effectiveness of mobile learning. This paper reports on the results of a survey of one hundred eighty six undergraduate female students at King Saud University about their attitude and perception to the use of mobile technology…

Al-Fahad, Fahad N.

2009-01-01

305

Split-Attention and Redundancy Effects on Mobile Learning in Physical Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated split-attention and redundancy effects in a mobile learning environment on leaf morphology of plants as a function of different combinations of media. Eighty-one fifth-grade students were randomly assigned to the following three conditions: texts with pictures embedded in the mobile device (TP condition); texts embedded in…

Liu, Tzu-Chien; Lin, Yi-Chun; Tsai, Meng-Jung; Paas, Fred

2012-01-01

306

Are US consumers ready to adopt mobile technology for fashion goods? : An integrated theoretical approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of ease of use, usefulness, and enjoyment, and subjective norm regarding the use of mobile phones on US consumers' attitudes toward mobile communication and mobile commerce, and mobile technology use intention for shopping. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This work integrates the technology acceptance model of Davis and Fishbein and Ajzen's

Jihyun Kim; Yoon Jin Ma; Jihye Park

2009-01-01

307

The Flexible Learning Approach to Physics (FLAP)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Flexible Learning Approach to Physics (FLAP) is an extensive, high quality, supported self-study teaching resource, developed on behalf of the whole UK university sector. FLAP addresses the twin problems of an increasing diversity of intake into physics degree courses and their decreasing familiarity with the use of mathematics in a physical context. It has been developed over a three year period, funded ($1M) by the UK Higher Education Funding Councils. It offers a new approach to the teaching of physics and its associated mathematics. FLAP includes 83 free-standing modules of physics and mathematics, ranging from pre-university level to some point within the first or second year of a physics or engineering degree course. Its range also makes it useful at upper high school level. It presents an integrated approach to physics and mathematics, introducing mathematics within a physical context, where possible, and sharing a common notation with the physics. FLAP includes about 2500 pages of text, with video, audio and CAL support and has a Tutor Guide with an electronic question bank of about 1700 questions and solutions. A feature of the resource is that the modular text is photocopiable by departments for their own students, giving maximum flexibility of use. Physics departments can use this as they choose, to support their present courses or to create new courses of their own design. The FLAP self-study teaching style encourages active learning and gives students more ownership of this learning. Field trials show that it can increase student self-motivation and its style is welcomed. It offers gains in the quality and efficiency of teaching and learning and is expected to make a considerable impact wherever teaching quality has to be maintained or improved, particularly with reducing staff resources. FLAP is now being made available world-wide.

Lambourne, R. J.; Tinker, M. H.; Windsor, S. A.

1997-03-01

308

Conceptions of learning and approaches to learningin Portuguese students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article describes a study that attempted to characterise Portuguese students’ conceptions of learning and approaches to\\u000a learning. A sample of university students answered open questions on the meaning, process and context of learning. Results,\\u000a derived from content analysis, replicate most conceptions of learning described by phenomenographical research (i.e. distinction\\u000a between learning as memorisation and learning as comprehension). Moreover, new

António M. Duarte

2007-01-01

309

Adaptive Sampling for Learning Gaussian Processes Using Mobile Sensor Networks  

PubMed Central

This paper presents a novel class of self-organizing sensing agents that adaptively learn an anisotropic, spatio-temporal Gaussian process using noisy measurements and move in order to improve the quality of the estimated covariance function. This approach is based on a class of anisotropic covariance functions of Gaussian processes introduced to model a broad range of spatio-temporal physical phenomena. The covariance function is assumed to be unknown a priori. Hence, it is estimated by the maximum a posteriori probability (MAP) estimator. The prediction of the field of interest is then obtained based on the MAP estimate of the covariance function. An optimal sampling strategy is proposed to minimize the information-theoretic cost function of the Fisher Information Matrix. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness and the adaptability of the proposed scheme.

Xu, Yunfei; Choi, Jongeun

2011-01-01

310

UMTS: a middleware architecture and mobile API approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ongoing European ACTS project OnTheMove provides support services for distributed mobile multimedia applications. The project defines, implements, and demonstrates a mobile middleware called a Mobile Application Support Environment (MASE) which is based on UMTS concepts. The mobile application programming interface (mobile API) of MASE, which will be submitted for standardization, allows common access to the underlying operating systems and

Birgit Kreller; A. S.-B. Park; J. Meggers; G. Forsgren; E. Kovacs; M. Rosinus

1998-01-01

311

An Autonomous Mobile Agent-Based Distributed Learning Architecture: A Proposal and Analytical Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Current distance learning systems are increasingly packing highly data-intensive contents on servers, resulting in the congestion of network and server resources at peak service times. A distributed learning system based on faded information field (FIF) architecture that employs mobile agents (MAs) has been proposed and simulated in this work.…

Ahmed, Iftikhar; Sadeq, Muhammad Jafar

2006-01-01

312

Using mobile communication technology in high school education: Motivation, pressure, and learning performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motivation and pressure are considered two factors impacting vocational senior high school student learning. New communication technology, especially mobile communication technology, is supposed to be effective in encouraging inter- action between the student and the instructor and improving learning efficiency. Social presence and information richness theory was applied to analyze the media and their impacts on the instruction process firstly.

Pei-luen Patrick Rau; Qin Gao; Li-mei Wu

2008-01-01

313

Using Mobile Communication Technology in High School Education: Motivation, Pressure, and Learning Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Motivation and pressure are considered two factors impacting vocational senior high school student learning. New communication technology, especially mobile communication technology, is supposed to be effective in encouraging interaction between the student and the instructor and improving learning efficiency. Social presence and information…

Rau, Pei-Luen Patrick; Gao, Qin; Wu, Li-Mei

2008-01-01

314

Development and Evaluation of a Procedure To Assess Mobility Route Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, a system was designed for monitoring learning progression and observing how an instructor directs a student's attention toward goals, such as landmarks and shorelines, on mobility routes. Results indicate the system was effective in monitoring the learning progression of 16 students (ages 3-14) with blindness. (Contains references.)…

Tellevik, Jon Magne; Martinsen, Harald; Storlilokken, Magnar; Elmerskog, Bengt

2000-01-01

315

Asymmetric Information, Employer Learning, and the Job Mobility of Young Men  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops an asymmetric employer learning model in which endogenous job mobility is both a direct result of intensified adverse selection and a signal used by outside employ- ers to update their expectations about workers' productive ability. The previous literature on asymmetric employer learning builds on two-period mover-stayer models and finds little empirical evidence of the dierential impacts of

Ye Zhang

2006-01-01

316

Mobile Learning for Expanding Educational Opportunities Workshop Report (Tokyo, Japan, May 16-20, 2005)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The International Workshop on Mobile Learning for Expanding Educational Opportunities was held 16-20 May 2005 in Tokyo, Japan. Jointly organized by the Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI) and UNESCO, speakers came from both the private and public sector. The key objective was to highlight the benefits of m-learning; and to provide specific…

Meleisea, Ellie, Ed.

2005-01-01

317

An intelligent mobile location-aware book recommendation system that enhances problem-based learning in libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite rapid and continued adoption of mobile devices, few learning modes integrate with mobile technologies and libraries' environments as innovative learning modes that emphasize the key roles of libraries in facilitating learning. In addition, some education experts have claimed that transmitting knowledge to learners is not the only educational goal, as cultivating problem-solving skills is also essential. By integrating the

Chih-Ming Chen

2011-01-01

318

Promotion of Cooperation in a Spatial Public Goods Game with Long Range Learning and Mobility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We studied the effect of population density in a spatial public goods game. We found that the effect on the evolution of cooperation is very complex when the strategy learning and mobility of players in a long range are considered in a two-dimensional lattice. As the learning range is larger than the mobility range, the system is driven to enter into a cooperation state for a low population density, because a small local group is beneficial to sustain a high level of cooperation. As population density increases to a moderate range, the mobility of players from a domain invaded by defectors supports the evolution stability of cooperation. When the mobility range is larger than the learning range, a formation of compact domains of cooperators promotes cooperation as the population density becomes high.

Xiao, Yao; Hua, Da-Yin

2012-11-01

319

Demarcating advanced learning approaches from methodological and technological perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the field of design and engineering education, the fast and expansive evolution of information and communication technologies is steadily converting traditional learning approaches into more advanced ones. Facilitated by Broadband (high bandwidth) personal computers, distance learning has developed into web-hosted electronic learning. The emergence of portable communication devices, wireless, and ad hoc networks has enabled electronic learning to develop

Imre Horváth; David Peck; Jouke Verlinden

2009-01-01

320

Professional Development for Cooperative Learning. Issues and Approaches.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book describes approaches to professional development for cooperative learning and how the use of cooperative learning for teacher learning is leading to new insights into professional growth in schools. Part 1, "Begin with the Teacher: Focusing Professional Development for Cooperative Learning," offers "Introduction: Professional…

Brody, Celeste M., Ed.; Davidson, Neil, Ed.

321

Students' Approaches to Learning and Their Experiences of the Teaching-Learning Environment in Different Disciplines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: There is evidence of disciplinary variation in students' approaches to learning. Furthermore, previous research has shown that students' approaches are related to their perceptions of the learning environment. Aim: The overall objective of the study was to analyse combinations of approaches to learning among undergraduates in…

Parpala, Anna; Lindblom-Ylanne, Sari; Komulainen, Erkki; Litmanen, Topi; Hirsto, Laura

2010-01-01

322

Increasing Interactivity in Large Blended Classrooms through a Cutting-Edge Mobile Learning System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Large classrooms, whether on school grounds or online, have long suffered from a lack of interactivity. Many online classes simply provide recorded instructor lectures, which only reinforces the negative effects of passive non-participatory learning. The E-Learning Lab of Shanghai Jiaotong University developed a cutting-edge mobile learning system that can deliver live broadcasts of real-time classroom teaching or training to learners

M. J. Wang; R. M. Shen

2008-01-01

323

Mobilizing a region to redesign a local system of care: lessons from a community-based learning collaborative.  

PubMed

Local efforts to redesign systems of care offer fertile ground for community-based participatory research approaches to take hold and flourish. Drawing on the experiences of a learning collaborative of maternal and child healthcare stakeholders in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, this article describes 8 action steps for operationalizing key community-based participatory research principles in the context of local systems change. Highlights of the subsequent evolution of the collaborative and its work are provided, as well as comments regarding the generalizability and usefulness of this approach for other public health and community stakeholders who are interested in mobilizing collaborative action for systems change. PMID:20531102

Keyser, Donna J; Pincus, Harold Alan; Thomas, Stephen B; Castle, Nicholas; Dembosky, Jacob; Firth, Raymond; Greenberg, Michael; Pollack, Nancy Kaczynski; Reis, Evelyn Cohen; Sansing, Veronica V; Scholle, Sarah

324

Approaches to Learning and Study Orchestrations in High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the framework of the SAL (Students' approaches to learning) position, the learning experience (approaches to learning and study orchestrations) of 572 high school students was explored, examining its interrelationships with some personal and familial variables. Three major results emerged. First, links were found between family's intellectual…

Cano, Francisco

2007-01-01

325

Looking at Learning Approaches from the Angle of Student Profiles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study starts with investigating the relation of perceived workload, motivation for learning and working memory capacity (WMC) with students' approaches to learning. Secondly, this study investigates if differences exist between different student profiles concerning their approach to the learning and the influence of workloads thereon.…

Kyndt, Eva; Dochy, Filip; Struyven, Katrien; Cascallar, Eduardo

2012-01-01

326

Integrating Adult Learning and Technologies for Effective Education: Strategic Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As adult learners and educators pioneer the use of technology in the new century, attention has been focused on developing strategic approaches to effectively integrate adult learning and technology in different learning environments. "Integrating Adult Learning and Technologies for Effective Education: Strategic Approaches" provides innovative…

Wang, Victor C. X.

2010-01-01

327

Integrating Adult Learning and Technologies for Effective Education: Strategic Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As adult learners and educators pioneer the use of technology in the new century, attention has been focused on developing strategic approaches to effectively integrate adult learning and technology in different learning environments. "Integrating Adult Learning and Technologies for Effective Education: Strategic Approaches" provides innovative…

Wang, Victor C. X.

2010-01-01

328

Digital Games and Learning in Cyberspace: a dialogical approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Currently there is considerable enthusiasm for exploring how we can apply digital gaming paradigms to learning. But these approaches are often weak in linking the game-playing activity to transferable social or conceptual processes and skills that constitute, or are related to, learning. In contrast, this article describes a 'dialogue game' approach to learning in cyberspace related to Wittgenstein's notion of

ANDREW RAVENSCROFT; SIMON MCALISTER

2006-01-01

329

An Innovative Approach for Developing Multimedia Learning Modules  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an innovative approach for developing multimedia-learning modules. Using a constructivist approach, this innovative multimedia design model will demonstrate that purposeful content and supplemental instructional materials or Multimedia Learning Modules can be developed within the context of formative evaluation. In addition, I have included a case study that demonstrates that having students develop learning modules builds on previous

Joseph Defazio

330

The Opinions of Information Technology Students on Using Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The advances in information and communication technologies in present day are moving the education into a different dimension. Especially, it is not wrong to say that the mobile phones are taking a very important part of our everyday life. The interest in mobile phones is growing day by day and individuals from age 7 to 70 are interested in such…

Cavus, Nadire; Bicen, Huseyin; Akcil, Umut

2008-01-01

331

Learning and Schooling in the Age of Mobilism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Speeding past the Steve Jobs Post-PC Era into the Age of Mobilism, the authors foresee how, by 2015, each and every student in America's K-12 classrooms will be using their own mobile computing device, with those devices engendering the most disruptive transformation in education in 150 years. Classrooms will move from today's "I Teach"…

Norris, Cathleen A.; Soloway, Elliot

2011-01-01

332

Information-theoretic approach to interactive learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The principles of statistical mechanics and information theory play an important role in learning and have inspired both theory and the design of numerous machine learning algorithms. The new aspect in this paper is a focus on integrating feedback from the learner. A quantitative approach to interactive learning and adaptive behavior is proposed, integrating model- and decision-making into one theoretical framework. This paper follows simple principles by requiring that the observer's world model and action policy should result in maximal predictive power at minimal complexity. Classes of optimal action policies and of optimal models are derived from an objective function that reflects this trade-off between prediction and complexity. The resulting optimal models then summarize, at different levels of abstraction, the process's causal organization in the presence of the learner's actions. A fundamental consequence of the proposed principle is that the learner's optimal action policies balance exploration and control as an emerging property. Interestingly, the explorative component is present in the absence of policy randomness, i.e. in the optimal deterministic behavior. This is a direct result of requiring maximal predictive power in the presence of feedback.

Still, S.

2009-01-01

333

GED Teaching and Adult Learning Theory: Practical Approaches.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers practical approaches to creating a connected learning environment, integrating individual disciplines into holistic learning, and inspiring motivation to be lifelong learners for a general educational development (GED) program. (JOW)

Loughlin, Kathleen

1994-01-01

334

Learner Performance in Multimedia Learning Arrangements: An Analysis Across Instructional Approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the authors compared four multimedia learning arrangements differing in instructional approach on effectiveness and efficiency for learning: (a) hypermedia learning, (b) observational learning, (c) self-explanation-based learning, and (d) inquiry learning. The approaches all advocate learners' active attitude toward the learning material but show differences in the specific learning processes they intend to foster. Learning results were measured

Tessa S. Eysink; Ton de Jong; Kirsten Berthold; Bas Kolloffel; Maria Opfermann; Pieter Wouters

2009-01-01

335

Learning and evolution: A quantitative genetics approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent models of the interactions between learning and evolution show that learning increases the rate at which populations find optima in fixed environments. However, learning ability is only advantageous in variable environments. In this study, quantitative genetics models are used to investigate the effects of individual learning on evolution. Two models of populations of learning individuals are constructed and analyzed.

Russell W. Anderson

1995-01-01

336

Enhancing Quality Teaching in Operations Management: An Action Learning Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Action learning motivates students to solve open-ended problems by “developing skills through doing’. This paper reviews the concept of action learning and discusses the adoption of action learning approach to teach operations management at Universities. It presents the design and delivery of an action-learning course at City University of Hong Kong. The course incorporates classroom lectures, tutorials and an action-learning

Richard C. M. Yam; Kit Fai Pun

2005-01-01

337

Cellular SCTP: a transport-layer approach to Internet mobility  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we describe a transport layer mobility scheme termed Cellular SCTP, or cSCTP for short, based on the stream control transmission protocol (SCTP), for seamless soft handoff. We compare mobile IPv6 and two of its variants (mobile IPv6 with fast-handover and hierarchical mobile IPv6) with cSCTP on various aspects (especially the handoff process of micro-mobility). We also analyze

Ilknur Aydin; Woojin Seok; Chien-Chung Shen

2003-01-01

338

Cyber Asynchronous versus Blended Cyber Approach in Distance English Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study aims to compare the single cyber asynchronous learning approach with the blended cyber learning approach in distance English education. Two classes of 70 students participated in this study, which lasted one semester of about four months, with one class using the blended approach for their English study and the other only using the…

Ge, Zi-Gang

2012-01-01

339

Approaches to learning accounting: a cross-cultural study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between the cultural background of students and their learning approaches in a first year undergraduate accounting program. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – While prior research in this area has more generally focused on the investigation of the approaches to learning by accounting students, there appears to have been little investigation into

John Donald; Beverley Jackling

2007-01-01

340

Learning styles in the classroom: approaches to enhance student motivation and learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

A growing body of research suggests that increased learning gains can be achieved with college students when instruction is designed with learning styles in mind. In addition, several practitioners within the domains of science and engineering education have noted the importance of embedding a learning style approach within a variety of teaching strategies. Furthermore, attention to learning styles and learner

Teresa Larkin; Dan Budny

2005-01-01

341

Improving mobile robot localization: grid-based approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Autonomous mobile robots have been widely studied not only as advanced facilities for industrial and daily life automation, but also as a testbed in robotics competitions for extending the frontier of current artificial intelligence. In many of such contests, the robot is supposed to navigate on the ground with a grid layout. Based on this observation, we present a localization error correction method by exploring the geometric feature of the tile patterns. On top of the classical inertia-based positioning, our approach employs three fiber-optic sensors that are assembled under the bottom of the robot, presenting an equilateral triangle layout. The sensor apparatus, together with the proposed supporting algorithm, are designed to detect a line's direction (vertical or horizontal) by monitoring the grid crossing events. As a result, the line coordinate information can be fused to rectify the cumulative localization deviation from inertia positioning. The proposed method is analyzed theoretically in terms of its error bound and also has been implemented and tested on a customary developed two-wheel autonomous mobile robot.

Yan, Junchi

2012-02-01

342

The deep approach to learning: analytic abstraction and idiosyncratic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarises previous research into approaches to learning and studying before reporting a small-scale longitudinal interview study of first-year psychology students' approaches. This qualitative investigation looked in depth at how students tackled their learning within a single discipline, and created fine-grained categories to describe their approaches. Few students showed marked, overall changes in their learning, although many did make

Velda McCune; Noel Entwistle

343

Idiomobile for Learners of English: A Study of Learners' Usage of a Mobile Learning Application for Learning Idioms and Collocations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explored how four groups of English learners used a mobile software application developed by the researcher for learning idiomatic expressions and collocations. A total of 45 learners in the study used the application for a period of one week. Data for this study was collected from a questionnaire, the application, and follow-up…

Amer, Mahmoud Atiah

2010-01-01

344

Students' Questions: Building a Bridge between Kolb's Learning Styles and Approaches to Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify the types of questions that students ask during the learning of chemistry; discuss the role of students' questions in the process of constructing knowledge, and investigate the relationship between students' questions, approaches to learning, and learning styles. Design/methodology/approach: The…

de Jesus, Helena T. Pedrosa; Almeida, Patricia Albergaria; Teixeira-Dias, Jose Joaquim; Watts, Mike

2006-01-01

345

Mind map learning approach for e-learning environment using SCORM standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although mind map learning approach is widely accepted, there is still little research on e-learning and teaching using this approach for developing course content. SCORM has become a widely used requirement for e-learning projects. However, there is still a lot of confusion, especially within the instructional design community, regarding what it is and when it should be used (1). This

Hanan Ettaher Dagez; Khairuddin Hashim

346

Students' Questions: Building a Bridge between Kolb's Learning Styles and Approaches to Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify the types of questions that students ask during the learning of chemistry; discuss the role of students' questions in the process of constructing knowledge, and investigate the relationship between students' questions, approaches to learning, and learning styles. Design/methodology/approach: The…

de Jesus, Helena T. Pedrosa; Almeida, Patricia Albergaria; Teixeira-Dias, Jose Joaquim; Watts, Mike

2006-01-01

347

Deficits in Problem Solving of Learning Disabled Children: A Cognitive Learning Style Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Difficulties facing learning disabled (LD) students in problem solving are reviewed and an approach is proposed to help them make better use of the learning strategies available to them. A cognitive learning style approach to LD students is introduced, followed by an analysis of problem solving and the stages of information processing (attention,…

Kotze, J. M. A.

348

Enhancing Students' Approaches to Learning: The Added Value of Gradually Implementing Case-Based Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Previous research has shown the difficulty of enhancing students' approaches to learning, in particular the deep approach, through student-centred teaching methods such as problem- and case-based learning. This study investigates whether mixed instructional methods combining case-based learning and lectures have the power to enhance students'…

Baeten, Marlies; Dochy, Filip; Struyven, Katrien

2013-01-01

349

Learning Approaches and Learning Difficulties: A Comparison of Indian and Nepali Dental Science Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the difference in learning approaches and difficulties of Nepali and Indian undergraduate students of dental science. A locally developed inventory was used to measure learning approach and learning difficulties. Data collected from 166 Indians and 69 Nepalis were compared. The scores on various scales of the inventory indicate that Nepalis are more fearful and less confident regarding

Shreemathi S. Mayya; A. Krishna Rao; K. Ramnarayan

350

Comparing the Effects of Mobile Computers and Traditional Approaches in Environmental Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Environmental education and computers? That was traditionally seen as an antagonism. But environmental educators who compete for attention and face new challenges in an age of mobile devices, have begun to explore the opportunities that mobile computers may offer in supporting environmental learning experiences. This study investigates the impact…

Ruchter, Markus; Klar, Bernhard; Geiger, Werner

2010-01-01

351

Envisioning the Future of Education: Learning while Mobile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Learning is becoming more personal, yet collaborative and networked, portable and situated, ubiquitous and durable--and increasingly at odds with formal education, as more and different types of learning are happening outside of the classroom. In this article, the author provides a glimpse of what the not-so-distant future of education might…

Van 'T Hooft, Mark

2008-01-01

352

guitAR: supporting guitar learning through mobile projection  

Microsoft Academic Search

The guitar is one of the most widespread instruments amongst autodidacts, but even though a huge amount of learning material exists, it is still hard to learn especially without a guitar teacher. In this paper we propose an Augmented Reality application called guitAR that assists guitar students mastering their instrument using a projector phone. With the projector phone mounted at

Markus Löchtefeld; Sven Gehring; Ralf Jung; Antonio Krüger

2011-01-01

353

Using External Visualizations to Extend and Integrate Learning in Mobile and Classroom Settings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advances in mobile technologies and pervasive computing provide new opportunities for supporting and enhancing learning that\\u000a goes beyond that which has been made possible using the desktop PC. “Visualizations” can be presented or accessed via mobile\\u000a devices or ambient displays at opportune times that can be pertinent to an ongoing physical activity. This chapter examines\\u000a how external representations can be

Yvonne Rogers

354

An Evaluation of MyArtSpace: a Mobile Learning Service for School Museum Trips  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report the main findings of the final evaluation study of the MyArtSpace project. MyArtSpace is a combined mobile phone and web-based service to support learning between schools and museums. On arriving for a museum visit the children are loaned mobile phones running the MyArtSpace software. They can view multimedia presentations of museum exhibits, take photos, make voice recordings, write

Mike Sharples; Peter Lonsdale; Paul Rudman; Giasemi Vavoula

355

The Athabasca University mobile library project: increasing the boundaries of anytime and anywhere learning for students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Athabasca University's (AU) has implemented a comprehensive mobile library (M-library) website. The M-library system can auto-detect users' devices and bring them to the appropriately formatted version (mobile or desktop) of the site. It provides opportunities to increase the boundaries of anytime and anywhere learning for students. This paper presents the M-library system design, implementation, and ongoing research on usage of

Yang Cao; Tony Tin; Rory Mcgreal; Mohamed Ally; Sherry Coffey

2006-01-01

356

An Intelligent Context-Aware Learning System Based on Mobile Augmented Reality  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Learning content using context-aware mobile technology, whether the content is manual or interactive, is hardly expected to\\u000a arouse learners to interest or immersion because most of real-life environment is discrete from mobile content. For this reason,\\u000a Augmented Reality is used to fix the drawback and to provide learners with an educational environment fit for desirable practice\\u000a of the theory of

Jin-Il Kim; Inn-woo Park; Hee-Hyol Lee

357

Pervasive, Lifestyle-Integrated Mobile Learning for Distance Learners: An Analysis and Unexpected Results from a Podcasting Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article opens with a discussion of how and why mobile learning (m-learning) is purported to be the next step in the evolution of distance education, before looking at various perspectives on what m-learning constitutes. It critically examines the degree to which "true" m-learning has been achieved, by offering pedagogical value beyond the…

Lee, Mark J. W.; Chan, Anthony

2007-01-01

358

Adapting the Speed of Reproduction of Audio Content and Using Text Reinforcement for Maximizing the Learning Outcome though Mobile Phones  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of technology in learning environments should be targeted at improving the learning outcome of the process. Several technology enhanced techniques can be used for maximizing the learning gain of particular students when having access to learning resources. One of them is content adaptation. Adapting content is especially important when using limited devices such as mobile phones. Content can

Mario Munoz-Organero; Pedro J. Munoz-Merino; Carlos Delgado Kloos

2011-01-01

359

Dual Device User Interface Design for Ubiquitous Language Learning: Mobile Phone and Interactive Television (iTV)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe the design and development of a system that facilitates language learning from a combination of two devices, interactive television (iTV) and mobile phone. We present a number of requirements for technologies to support informal language learning based on theories of language learning, theories of formal and informal learning, our own studies of adult language learners

Sanaz Fallahkhair; Lyn Pemberton; Richard N. Griffiths

2005-01-01

360

Pervasive, Lifestyle-Integrated Mobile Learning for Distance Learners: An Analysis and Unexpected Results from a Podcasting Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article opens with a discussion of how and why mobile learning (m-learning) is purported to be the next step in the evolution of distance education, before looking at various perspectives on what m-learning constitutes. It critically examines the degree to which "true" m-learning has been achieved, by offering pedagogical value beyond the…

Lee, Mark J. W.; Chan, Anthony

2007-01-01

361

Learning Management: A New Approach to Structuring Hybrid Learning Arrangements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Partly due to economic reasons and partly due to pedagogic reasons, educational activities outside the class- room have recently begun to play an increasingly important role in the teaching and learning of foreign lan- guages. The integration of self-directed learning and\\/or e-learning with classical classroom instruction espe- cially fosters some highly desirable developments, such as more individualised and flexible learning.

Olaf Bärenfänger

362

Success Factors in Mobile Viral Marketing: A Multi-Case Study Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

A prior study showed that mobile viral marketing is an important issue of mobile marketing. Using a multi- case study research approach, we introduce a typology of four standard types of mobile viral marketing and extract eight success factors for this new form of marketing. As a final step, we structure the relationship between both, showing success factors' significance in

Dietmar Georg Wiedemann

2007-01-01

363

Edu-mining: A Machine Learning Approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mining Educational data is an emerging interdisciplinary research area that mainly deals with the development of methods to explore the data stored in educational institutions. The educational data is referred as Edu-DATA. Queries related to Edu-DATA are of practical interest as SQL approach is insufficient and needs to be focused in a different way. The paper aims at developing a technique called Edu-MINING which converts raw data coming from educational institutions using data mining techniques into useful information. The discovered knowledge will have a great impact on the educational research and practices. Edu-MINING explores Edu-DATA, discovers new knowledge and suggests useful methods to improve the quality of education with regard to teaching-learning process. This is illustrated through a case study.

Srimani, P. K.; Patil, Malini M.

2011-12-01

364

Learning to Learn about Spirituality: A Categorical Approach To Introducing the Topic into Management Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents a typology of approaches to spiritual development based on spiritual path type (mystical, personal, ritual, group-participative, ecstatic). Includes a classroom exercise that enables students to identify their spiritual path and learn how to learn about spirituality. (SK)|

Barnett, Carole K.; Krell, Terence C.; Sendry, Jeanette

2000-01-01

365

Distributed Reinforcement Learning Approach for Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Vehicular Ad hoc Networks (VANETs), general purpose ad hoc routing protocols such as AODV cannot work efficiently due to the frequent changes in network topology caused by vehicle movement. This paper proposes a VANET routing protocol QLAODV (Q-Learning AODV) which suits unicast applications in high mobility scenarios. QLAODV is a distributed reinforcement learning routing protocol, which uses a Q-Learning algorithm to infer network state information and uses unicast control packets to check the path availability in a real time manner in order to allow Q-Learning to work efficiently in a highly dynamic network environment. QLAODV is favored by its dynamic route change mechanism, which makes it capable of reacting quickly to network topology changes. We present an analysis of the performance of QLAODV by simulation using different mobility models. The simulation results show that QLAODV can efficiently handle unicast applications in VANETs.

Wu, Celimuge; Kumekawa, Kazuya; Kato, Toshihiko

366

Adult Learning in Health and Safety: Some Issues and Approaches.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document, which was developed for presentation at a seminar on adult learning and safety, examines approaches to occupational safety and health (OSH) learning/training in the workplace. Section 1 examines selected factors affecting adults' learning in workplace OSH programs. The principal dimensions along which individual adult learners will…

O Fathaigh, Mairtin

367

An approach to intrinsic complexity of uniform learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inductive inference is concerned with algorithmic learning of recursive functions. In the model of learning in the limit a learner successful for a class of recursive functions must eventually find a program for any function in the class from a gradually growing sequence of its values. This approach is generalized in uniform learning, where the problem of synthesizing a successful

Sandra Zilles

2006-01-01

368

Contemporary Approaches to Learning Science: Technologically-Mediated Practical Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews science learning in higher education, specifically in engineering, and the influences of technologically-mediated approaches on the cooperative learning of practical work and science. Discusses reasons for including practical work in science education, implementing practical work in distance education, and using technology and learning

Scanlon, Eileen; Morris, Erica; Di Paolo, Terry; Cooper, Martyn

2002-01-01

369

Transforming Indian higher education through blended learning approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The traditional Indian higher education needs a smooth but sustainable transformation. But, this transformation must occur taking our society, culture and economy into consideration. Blended learning approach can be the pathway of success towards that direction. Sloan has aptly stated, “Blended learning is the sleeping giant that will transform higher education pedagogically, culturally and institutionally.” Blended learning means the comprehensive

Sandeep Patil; Ganesh Shinde

2010-01-01

370

An Approach of Implementing General Learning Companions for Problem Solving  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract—Adding a learning companion, a computer simulated social agent, to a computer based learning system can enhance its educational value by enriching the way in which the computer and the user interact. This paper presents a novel simulation approach, named General Companion Modeling (referred to hereinafter as GCM), to implement learning companions in a general problem- solving domain. DwestAgent, a

Chih-yueh Chou; Tak-wai Chan; Chi-jen Lin

2002-01-01

371

Opening Lines: Approaches to the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication features reports by eight Carnegie Scholars who are working to develop a scholarship of teaching and learning that will advance the profession of teaching and improve student learning. Following the Introduction, "Approaching the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning" (Pat Hutchings), the papers are: "Investigating Student…

Hutchings, Pat, Ed.

372

A Bayesian approach to conceptualization using reinforcement learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstraction provides cognition economy and generalization skill in addition to facilitating knowledge communication for learning agents situated in real world. Concept learning introduces a way of abstraction which maps the continuous state and action spaces into entities called concepts. Of computational concept learning approaches, action-based conceptualization is favored because of its simplicity and mirror neuron foundations in neuroscience. In this

Saeed Amizadeh; Majid Nili Ahmadabadi; Babak N. Araabi; Roland Siegwart

2007-01-01

373

Demarcating Advanced Learning Approaches from Methodological and Technological Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the field of design and engineering education, the fast and expansive evolution of information and communication technologies is steadily converting traditional learning approaches into more advanced ones. Facilitated by Broadband (high bandwidth) personal computers, distance learning has developed into web-hosted electronic learning. The…

Horvath, Imre; Peck, David; Verlinden, Jouke

2009-01-01

374

Approaches of Inquiry Learning With Multimedia Resources in Primary Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study aims to examine the design of approaches for inquiry learning with multimedia resources in primary classrooms. The study describes the development of a multimedia learning unit that helps learners understand the natural phenomenon of the movement of the Earth. An analysis of the use of the multimedia learning unit by a teacher in two…

So, Wing-Mui Winnie; Kong, Siu-Cheung

2007-01-01

375

Demarcating Advanced Learning Approaches from Methodological and Technological Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the field of design and engineering education, the fast and expansive evolution of information and communication technologies is steadily converting traditional learning approaches into more advanced ones. Facilitated by Broadband (high bandwidth) personal computers, distance learning has developed into web-hosted electronic learning. The…

Horvath, Imre; Peck, David; Verlinden, Jouke

2009-01-01

376

Mobil FSO Activities in Europe and Fading Mitigation Approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing emergence of data services for mobile applications requires high-speed communication technologies. To this end, free-space optical (FSO) communications technology has the potential to outperform radio frequency (RF) systems. Within the last years, the German Aerospace Center (DLR) has performed several demonstrations of mobile FSO systems. A brief overview of these activities is given in this paper. Mobil FSO

H. Henniger; B. Epple; D. Giggenbach

2007-01-01

377

Integrated statistical learning of metabolic ion mobility spectrometry profiles for pulmonary disease identification.  

PubMed

Exhaled air carries information on human health status. Ion mobility spectrometers combined with a multi-capillary column (MCC/IMS) is a well-known technology for detecting volatile organic compounds (VOCs) within human breath. This technique is relatively inexpensive, robust and easy to use in every day practice. However, the potential of this methodology depends on successful application of computational approaches for finding relevant VOCs and classification of patients into disease-specific profile groups based on the detected VOCs. We developed an integrated state-of-the-art system using sophisticated statistical learning techniques for VOC-based feature selection and supervised classification into patient groups. We analyzed breath data from 84 volunteers, each of them either suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or both COPD and bronchial carcinoma (COPD + BC), as well as from 35 healthy volunteers, comprising a control group (CG). We standardized and integrated several statistical learning methods to provide a broad overview of their potential for distinguishing the patient groups. We found that there is strong potential for separating MCC/IMS chromatograms of healthy controls and COPD patients (best accuracy COPD vs CG: 94%). However, further examination of the impact of bronchial carcinoma on COPD/no-COPD classification performance is necessary (best accuracy CG vs COPD vs COPD + BC: 79%). We also extracted 20 high-scoring VOCs that allowed differentiating COPD patients from healthy controls. We conclude that these statistical learning methods have a generally high accuracy when applied to well-structured, medical MCC/IMS data. PMID:22869082

Hauschild, A-C; Baumbach, J I; Baumbach, J

2012-08-16

378

Exploring the Potential of Podcasting to Deliver Mobile Ubiquitous Learning in Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

PODCASTING facilitates the timely delivery of digital audio content such as MP3 files to a user’s desktop, as it becomes available.\\u000a The authors believe it holds tremendous potential as a low-cost, low-barrier tool for mobile ubiquitous learning, given the\\u000a large uptake of portable music players. This paper explores some of the possibilities for enhancing university teaching and\\u000a learning, although the

Anthony Chan; Mark J. W. Lee

2006-01-01

379

Using technology to promote mobile learning: engaging students with cell phones in the classroom.  

PubMed

Advancements in cell phone technology have impacted every aspect of society. Individuals have instant access to social networks, Web sites, and applications. Faculty need to consider using these mobile devices to enrich the classroom. The authors discuss how they successfully designed and incorporated cell phone learning activities into their classrooms. Teaching-learning strategies using cell phone technology and recommendations for overcoming challenges associated with cell phone use in the classroom are discussed. PMID:23086071

Robb, Meigan; Shellenbarger, Teresa

380

Researching the ethical dimensions of mobile, ubiquitous and immersive technology enhanced learning (MUITEL): a thematic review and dialogue  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we examine the ethical dimensions of researching the mobile, ubiquitous and immersive technology enhanced learning (MUITEL), with a particular focus on learning in informal settings. We begin with an analysis of the interactions between mobile, ubiquitous and immersive technologies and the wider context of the digital economy. In this analysis, we identify social, economic and educational developments

Vic Lally; Mike Sharples; Frances Tracy; Neil Bertram; Sherriden Masters

2012-01-01

381

A lifelong learning perspective for mobile robot control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Designing robots that learn by themselves to perform complex real-world tasks is a still-open challenge for the field of robotics and artificial intelligence. In this paper the author presents the robot learning problem as a lifelong problem, in which a robot faces a collection of tasks over its entire lifetime. Such a scenario provides the opportunity to gather general-purpose knowledge

Sebastian Thrun

1994-01-01

382

An Educational Mobile Blogging System for Supporting Collaborative Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the gradual adoption of "Web 2.0" technologies, one of key Web 2.0 technologies, blog, has become a popular and wide-accepted Web application. Although mobile device users can access the Web whenever or wherever the need arises, there is not an easy way to publish their thoughts and experiences via blog articles. In this study, we offer a…

Huang, Yueh-Min; Jeng, Yu-Lin; Huang, Tien-Chi

2009-01-01

383

The Changing Social Spaces of Learning: Mapping New Mobilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Writing on contemporary culture and social life, sociologists and cultural theorists have been describing new or changing forms of movement, variously described as cultural "flows," "liquid life," or a "networked society." The change in such movements or mobilities of people, media, material goods, and other social phenomena, including the reach…

Leander, Kevin M.; Phillips, Nathan C.; Taylor, Katherine Headrick

2010-01-01

384

Learning Vision Algorithms for Real Mobile Robots with Genetic Programming  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a genetic programming system to evolve vision based obstacle avoidance algorithms. In order to develop autonomous behavior in a mobile robot, our purpose is to design automatically an obstacle avoidance controller adapted to the current context. We first record short sequences where we manually guide the robot to move away from the walls. This set of recorded video

Renaud Barate; Antoine Manzanera

2008-01-01

385

An Educational Mobile Blogging System for Supporting Collaborative Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With the gradual adoption of "Web 2.0" technologies, one of key Web 2.0 technologies, blog, has become a popular and wide-accepted Web application. Although mobile device users can access the Web whenever or wherever the need arises, there is not an easy way to publish their thoughts and experiences via blog articles. In this study, we offer a…

Huang, Yueh-Min; Jeng, Yu-Lin; Huang, Tien-Chi

2009-01-01

386

The Changing Social Spaces of Learning: Mapping New Mobilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Writing on contemporary culture and social life, sociologists and cultural theorists have been describing new or changing forms of movement, variously described as cultural "flows," "liquid life," or a "networked society." The change in such movements or mobilities of people, media, material goods, and other social phenomena, including the reach…

Leander, Kevin M.; Phillips, Nathan C.; Taylor, Katherine Headrick

2010-01-01

387

Interrelations between self?efficacy and learning approaches: a developmental approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two major theoretical frameworks in educational psychology, namely student approaches to learning (SAL) and self?efficacy have been used extensively to explain and predict students’ learning and academic achievement. There is a substantial body of research studies, for example, that documents the positive interrelations between individuals’ self?efficacy beliefs and their approaches to learning. In particular, evidence ascertained from structural equation analyses

Huy Phuong Phan

2011-01-01

388

Approaches to Learning in a Second Year Chemical Engineering Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates student approaches to learning in a second year chemical engineering course by means of a qualitative research project which utilized interview and journal data from a group of 11 students. Identifies three approaches to learning: (1) conceptual; (2) algorithmic; and (3) information-based. Presents student responses to a series of…

Case, Jennifer M.; Gunstone, Richard F.

2003-01-01

389

A probabilistic approach for learning folksonomies from structured data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning structured representations has emerged as an important problem in many domains, including document and Web data mining, bioinformatics, and image analysis. One approach to learning complex structures is to integrate many smaller, incomplete and noisy structure fragments. In this work, we present an unsupervised probabilistic approach that extends affinity propagation [7] to combine the small ontological fragments into a

Anon Plangprasopchok; Kristina Lerman; Lise Getoor

2011-01-01

390

A Machine Learning Approach to Coreference Resolution of Noun Phrases  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a learning approach to coreference resolution of noun phrases in unrestricted text. The approach learns from a small, annotated corpus and the task includes resolving not just a certain type of noun phrase (e.g., pronouns) but rather general noun phrases. It also does not restrict the entity types of the noun phrases; that is, coreference

Wee Meng Soon; Hwee Tou Ng; Chung Yong Lim

2001-01-01

391

A Student-centred Learning Approach to Teaching Soil Mechanics  

Microsoft Academic Search

A project has been undertaken to establish the effectiveness of a student-centred learning approach to teaching students applications of Critical State Soil Mechanics taught more transmissively in lectures, and to determine whether such an approach significantly enhances learning of the theory itself. The project was undertaken as part of the new Postgraduate Certificate in Academic Practice at Nottingham University. A

G. R. McDOWELL

2001-01-01

392

Adaptive parameter selection scheme for PSO: A learning automata approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

PSO, like many stochastic search methods, is very sensitive to efficient parameter setting. As modifying a single parameter may result in a large effect. In this paper, we propose a new a new learning automata-based approach for adaptive PSO parameter selection. In this approach three learning automata are utilized to determine values of each parameter for updating particles velocity namely

Ali B. Hashemi; M. R. Meybodi

2009-01-01

393

Enhancing the Teaching-Learning Process: A Knowledge Management Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to emphasize the need for knowledge management (KM) in the teaching-learning process in technical educational institutions (TEIs) in India, and to assert the impact of information technology (IT) based KM intervention in the teaching-learning process. Design/methodology/approach: The approach of the paper is…

Bhusry, Mamta; Ranjan, Jayanthi

2012-01-01

394

Approaches to Learning in a Second Year Chemical Engineering Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous findings from the study within which this research is located had uncovered students' approaches to learning in the context of a second year chemical engineering course. Using an analysis of students' reflections on their experience, the study has shown the existence of three approaches to learning in this context: an 'information-based'…

Case, Jennifer; Gunstone, Richard; Lewis, Alison

395

Conceptions of and Approaches to Learning through Online Peer Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study investigated junior college students' conceptions of and approaches to learning via online peer assessment (PA) using a phenomenographic approach. Participants were 163 college students. Students were asked to accomplish a given learning task via an online PA system. Of the participants, 62 were interviewed after the activity.…

Yang, Yu-Fang; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2010-01-01

396

The Learning of Consumer Skills in Adolescents: An Eclectic Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study investigated the learning of consumer skills by adolescents, using two theoretical approaches--the social learning and the family communication pattern approaches. It was hypothesized that (1) assuming that parents are more experienced consumers than are adolescents, frequent discussion with parents on consumption matters are likely to…

Kuo, Cheng

397

Investigative Primary Science: A Problem-based Learning Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reports on the success of using a problem-based learning approach (PBL) as a pedagogical mode of learning open inquiry science within a traditional four-year undergraduate elementary teacher education program. In 2010, a problem-based learning approach to teaching primary science replaced the traditional content driven syllabus. During the 13 week semester, a cohort of 150 elementary pre-service teachers embarked

Matthew B Etherington

2011-01-01

398

The Naturalistic Approach to Learning Styles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Four naturalistic methods for assessing college student learning styles are discussed: direct observation of student behavior, in-depth interviews with students, analysis of self-directed learning projects, and analysis of the guiding metaphors used by students in describing the teaching-learning process. Each suggests ways teachers can adapt to…

Grasha, Tony

1990-01-01

399

A comparison of different approaches based on force fields for coordination among multiple mobiles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the issue of real-time coordination among multiple mobiles, using the force fields approach. Firstly, a brief overview of different formulations of force fields is presented along with two techniques for handling multiple mobiles. Secondly, a new straight forward formulation of force fields is proposed based on the concept of closest point of approach, and following the principle

Karim ZEGHAL

1998-01-01

400

Mobile technologies: prospects for their use in learning in informal science settings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent developments in mobile technologies have offered the potential to support learners studying a variety of subjects. In this paper we explore the possibilities related to science learners and in particular focus on science learners in informal settings and reflect on a number of recent projects in order to consider the prospects for such work. The debate on informal learning

Eileen Scanlon; Ann Jones; Jenny Waycott

2005-01-01

401

The MOBO City: A Mobile Game Package for Technical Language Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this research we produced a mobile language learning game that is designed within a technical context. After conceptual analysis of the subject matter i.e. computer's motherboard, the game was designed. The action within the game is consistent to the theme. There is a story, simplifying and exaggerating real life. Elements of control, feedback and sense of danger are incorporated

Faranak Fotouhi-Ghazvini; Rae A. Earnshaw; David Robison; Peter Excell

2009-01-01

402

Enhancing learning: a study of how mobile devices can facilitate sensemaking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Mobile technologies are increasingly being promoted,as tools to enhance learning. They can be used to augment ongoing activities, such as exploring outdoors, by enabling users to move back and forth between the physical environment,and a variety of digital resources and representations. In so doing, they have the potential to facilitate sensemakingactivities, where people seek to find

Yvonne Rogers; Kay Connelly; William R. Hazlewood; Lenore Tedesco

2010-01-01

403

A Study to Investigate the Opinions of Instructors on Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to find out the opinions of instructors on mobile learning. This study has been carried out at the Near East University, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, during the Fall 2009 semester. Participants in this study consisted of 40 instructors. In the research, in addition to the information obtained…

Cavus, Nadire

2010-01-01

404

Personalized Game Based Mobile Learning to Assist High School Students with Mathematics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many students find mathematics a difficult subject. In the context of Caribbean countries, the failure rate in mathematics has been very high. This paper discusses the creation of a personalized game-based mobile learning application to assist secondary school students in improving their mathematical skills. The aim of this application is to motivate and encourage students to practise mathematics. The personalization

Vani Kalloo; Kinshuk; Permanand Mohan

2010-01-01

405

Using mobile game-based technologies to engage young adults in lifelong learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tough challenges face Higher Education in a knowledge-based, net-centric economy as we gear up to meet the pressures of global competition. New perspectives are needed in catering for the needs and interests of learners who have grown up in a digital age. Increasingly schools, colleges and universities are harnessing mobile technologies and the Internet to support learning. At the same

Alice Mitchell; Dragan Cisic

406

Possibilities and Challenges in Mobile Learning for K-12 Teachers: A Pilot Retrospective Survey Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many K-12 schools in the United States are now taking advantage of the ubiquitous presence of technology and deploying mobile devices in classrooms. Compounded with the necessity to meet the needs of today's students, who are growing and learning in the 21st century, teachers now face unique challenges and opportunities in adjusting their teaching in such a rapid changing time.

Meng-Fen Lin; Catherine P. Fulford; Curtis P. Ho; Ritsuko Iyoda; Lyn Kajiwara Ackerman

2012-01-01

407

Supporting the Development of Mobile Adaptive Learning Environments: A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract—In this paper, we describe a system to support the generation of adaptive mobile learning environments. In these environments, students and teachers can accomplish different types of individual and collaborative activities in different contexts. Activities are dynamically recommended to users depending on different criteria (user features, context, etc.), and workspaces to support the corresponding activity accomplishment are dynamically generated. In

Estefanía Martín; Rosa M. Carro

2009-01-01

408

Open-source platform: exploring the opportunities for offline mobile learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mobile technology field is rapidly expanding and the focus on how it can be incorporated to support learning is also growing. However, the barriers to inclusion of information communication technologies in the public schools of Nepal are still significant and the widespread access to digital content remains a key obstacle. Nepal has a poor communication infrastructure and where available,

Sujan Shrestha; John Moore; José Abdelnour Nocera

2011-01-01

409

Exploring the Potential of Mobile Services to Support Learning and Communication in University Classes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents initial results of our on-going activities regarding the use of smart phones and mobile services in university classrooms at Vaxjo University. The purpose of these trials was to explore and identify which content and services could be delivered to the smart phones in order to support learning and communication in the context of university studies. The activities

Marcelo Milrad; Daniel Bergman; Michele H. Jackson

2005-01-01

410

Enculturing Self-Directed Seamless Learners: Towards a Facilitated Seamless Learning Process Framework Mediated by Mobile Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports an attempt to rise above the past five years' expositions and studies on 1:1 mobile seamless learning by putting forward the notions of self-directed seamless learning and facilitated seamless learning to distinguish between self- and externally-initiated seamless learning activities. In order to nurture genuine self-directed and therefore life-long learners, seamless learning practitioners ought to develop and enact

Lung-Hsiang Wong; Chee-Kit Looi

2012-01-01

411

HMM-Based Concept Learning for a Mobile Robot  

Microsoft Academic Search

We are developing an intelligent robot and attempting to teach it language. While there are many aspects of this research, for the purposes here the most important are the following ideas. Language is primarily based on semantics, not syntax, which is still the focus in speech recognition research these days. To truly learn meaning, a language engine cannot simply be

Kevin M. Squire; Stephen E. Levinson

2007-01-01

412

Towards a Standards-Based Approach to E-Learning Personalization Using Reusable Learning Objects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

E-Learning systems that produce personalized course offerings for the learner are often expensive, both from a time and financial perspective, to develop and maintain. Learning content personalized to a learners' cognitive preferences has been shown to produce more effective learning, however many approaches to realizing this form of…

Conlan, Owen; Dagger, Declan; Wade, Vincent

413

Towards a Standards-Based Approach to E-Learning Personalization Using Reusable Learning Objects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|E-Learning systems that produce personalized course offerings for the learner are often expensive, both from a time and financial perspective, to develop and maintain. Learning content personalized to a learners' cognitive preferences has been shown to produce more effective learning, however many approaches to realizing this form of…

Conlan, Owen; Dagger, Declan; Wade, Vincent

414

Motor-learning theory and the neurodevelopmental treatment approach:.  

PubMed

The neurodevelopmental treatment approach is frequently used by occupational therapists to supplement occupational therapy treatment techniques. As little empirical evidence exists to support the efficacy of this treatment approach, several authors have advocated incorporating motor-learning theory into occupational therapy intervention for people with motor-control disorders. This paper will review the basic principles of motor-learning theory and the neurodevelopmental treatment approach as related to the occupational therapy process. The review will include a description of the theoretical concepts, treatment applications, and research related to each approach. The two approaches will be compared and contrasted and methods for incorporating both approaches into occupational therapy will be described. PMID:23941080

Breslin, D M

1996-01-01

415

Evaluating Wireless Technologies in Mobile Payments - A Customer Centric Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile payments involve the use of a mobile device and one or more wireless technologies. As the field is at an early stage of development, there is still a lot of uncertainty about which of available wireless technologies will lead to the most successful solutions. Cellular networks, near field communication, infrared and Bluetooth are analysed in terms of their suitability

Agnieszka Zmijewska

2005-01-01

416

Making mLearning Work: Utilizing Mobile Technology for Active Exploration, Collaboration, Assessment, and Reflection in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The convergence of mobile technologies into student-centered learning environments requires academic institutions to design new and more effective learning, teaching, and user experience strategies. In this article we share results from an mLearning design experiment and analysis from a student survey conducted at the National College of Ireland.…

Fisher, Mercedes; Baird, Derek E.

2007-01-01

417

Approaches to Studying, Conceptions of Learning and Learning Styles in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning styles have been construed in different ways but traditionally have been regarded as relatively stable. In contrast, the "student approaches to learning" perspective tends to assume that approaches to studying are contextually driven. This article argues for a rapprochement between these two traditions. First, the evidence that students'…

Richardson, John T. E.

2011-01-01

418

Approaches to Studying, Conceptions of Learning and Learning Styles in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Learning styles have been construed in different ways but traditionally have been regarded as relatively stable. In contrast, the "student approaches to learning" perspective tends to assume that approaches to studying are contextually driven. This article argues for a rapprochement between these two traditions. First, the evidence that students'…

Richardson, John T. E.

2011-01-01

419

Design Approaches in Technology-Enhanced Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Design is critical to the successful development of any interactive learning environment (ILE). Moreover, in technology-enhanced learning (TEL) the design process requires input from many diverse areas of expertise. As such, anyone undertaking tool development is required to directly address the design challenge from multiple perspectives. We…

Mor, Yishay; Winters, Niall

2007-01-01

420

Real Estate Marketing: An Experiential Learning Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first purpose of this article is to describe a real estate course entitled ''Real Estate Marketing,'' which is based primarily on the experiential learning model. The second purpose is to provide detailed information about the development of real estate courses using the experiential learning model. The course provides a balance between academic knowledge and applied marketing experiences by using

James H. Burton; Brian N. Rutherford

421

An integrated approach to evaluating learning technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development of a Web-based evaluation toolkit, which supports practitioners in the effective and appropriate use and evaluation of learning technology. The paper defines the term `toolkit' within this context and illustrates the concept with some existing examples. It provides a review of resources for supporting decision making, with a particular emphasis on learning technology evaluation research.

Grainne Conole; Martin Oliver; Jen Harvey

2000-01-01

422

Individualistic and Collectivistic Approaches to Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mediated learning describes what parents and teachers do to teach and includes four components: (1) intent to teach; (2) competence; (3) transcendence to promote high level thinking; and (4) mediation of meaning, helping children to focus on the importance of what is being focused on. Mediated learning is assumed to be universal for all cultural…

Pena, Elizabeth D.; Mendez-Perez, Anita

2006-01-01

423

A Team Approach to Service-Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces the AmeriCorps/Campus Corps program which is designed to integrate service learning into Maryland community colleges. Uses a model that can be replicated on a local level with all of the outside classroom legwork associated with service learning provided by the members of AmeriCorps. Describes the struggles regarding faculty recruitment…

St. John, Pamela

2000-01-01

424

Distance Learning: Integrating four different approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

The quality of life long learning education and training systems constitute one of the most important assets of a society based on information and knowledge. The significance of life-long learning and training is a very important and fundamental element not only for the competitiveness and the faculty of professional re-establishment, but also for social integration, the activation of citizens, and

Soulla Louca; Charalambos Christou

425

Child Development: An Active Learning Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Within each chapter of this innovative topical text, the authors engage students by demonstrating the wide range of real-world applications of psychological research connected to child development. In particular, the distinctive Active Learning features incorporated throughout the book foster a dynamic and personal learning process for students.…

Levine, Laura E.; Munsch, Joyce

2010-01-01

426

Understanding Observational Learning: An Interbehavioral Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Observational learning is an important area in the field of psychology and behavior science more generally. Given this, it is essential that behavior analysts articulate a sound theory of how behavior change occurs through observation. This paper begins with an overview of seminal research in the area of observational learning, followed by a…

Fryling, Mitch J.; Johnston, Cristin; Hayes, Linda J.

2011-01-01

427

A portfolio approach to learning professional skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

In addition to the myriad of technical skills that engineers learn during their undergraduate years, ABET as well as employers, now require that students have exposure to additional professional skills. However, in most programs, it is unrealistic to add courses to teach students skills such as goal setting, leadership, diversity, and global interactions. To enable students to learn and hone

Samantha Richerson; Kenneth McAteer; Mary Spencer; Samuel Scheibler

2007-01-01

428

Rule learning approaches for symmetric multiplayer games  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a series of experiments involving rule learning for Samurai, a symmetric multiplayer strategy game. Rule based artificial intelligence is commonly used in a wide variety of computer strategy games. Automated rule learning processes have been used to derive rules both to improve the quality of AI play and to illuminate possible strategies and tactics for the games.

John Rushing; John Tiller

2011-01-01

429

Approaches to learning in a second year chemical engineering course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Students' approaches to learning in a second year chemical engineering course were investigated by means of a qualitative research project which utilized interview and journal data from a group of 11 students. Three approaches to learning were identified in this context: a conceptual approach (similar to the classic deep approach), in which the intention is to understand concepts; an algorithmic approach, in which the focus is on calculation methods; and an information-based approach, in which the intention is to gather and remember information. The latter two approaches can both be considered forms of the surface approach in that the fundamental intention does not involve understanding. This paper presents an analysis of students' responses to a series of conceptual questions in which the use of particular approaches is identified. The research presented in this paper supports the notion that particular forms of deep and surface approaches might be found in specific contexts.

Case, Jennifer M.; Gunstone, Richard F.

2003-07-01

430

A Goal-Based Approach for Learning in Business Processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Organizations constantly strive to improve their business performance; hence they make business process redesign efforts. So far, redesign has mainly been a human task, which relies on human reasoning and creativity, although various analysis tools can support it by identifying improvement opportunities. This chapter proposes an automated approach for learning from accumulated experience and improving business processes over time. The approach ties together three aspects of business processes: goals, context, and actual paths. It proposes a learning cycle, including a learning phase, where the relevant context is identified and used for making improvements in the process model, and a runtime application phase, where the improved process model is applied at runtime and actual results are stored for the next learning cycle. According to our approach, a goal-oriented process model is essential for learning to improve process outcomes.

Soffer, Pnina; Ghattas, Johny; Peleg, Mor

431

Using Mobile & Personal Sensing Technologies to Support Health Behavior Change in Everyday Life: Lessons Learned  

PubMed Central

Lifestyle modification is a key facet of the prevention and management of chronic diseases. Mobile devices that people already carry provide a promising platform for facilitating these lifestyle changes. This paper describes key lessons learned from the development and evaluation of two mobile systems for encouraging physical activity. We argue that by supporting persistent cognitive activation of health goals, encouraging an extensive range of relevant healthy behaviors, focusing on long-term patterns of activity, and facilitating social support as an optional but not primary motivator, systems can be developed that effectively motivate behavior change and provide support when and where people make decisions that affect their health.

Klasnja, Predrag; Consolvo, Sunny; McDonald, David W.; Landay, James A.; Pratt, Wanda

2009-01-01

432

Mobilizing Small-Scale Savings: Approaches, Costs, and Benefits.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Interest rates, transaction costs, and deposit mobilization; Interest rates, transaction costs, and financial intermediaries (Branch office expansion, Interest rate ceilings, branching and other forms of competition for deposits); Lending activi...

R. C. Vogel P. Burkett

1986-01-01

433

Sensor-enhanced mobile web clients: an XForms approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes methods for service selection and service access for mobile, sensor-enhanced web clients such as wireless cameras or wireless PDAs with sensor devices attached. The clients announce their data-creating capabilities in \\

John J. Barton; Tim Kindberg; Hui Dai; Nissanka B. Priyantha; Fahd Al-bin-ali

2003-01-01

434

Mobile Codes Localization in Ad hoc Networks: a Comparative Study of Centralized and Distributed Approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a new approach in the management of mobile ad hoc\\u000anetworks. Our alternative, based on mobile agent technology, allows the design\\u000aof mobile centralized server in ad hoc network, where it is not obvious to\\u000athink about a centralized management, due to the absence of any administration\\u000aor fixed infrastructure in these networks. The aim of this

Youcef Zafoune; Aicha Mokhtari; Rushed kanawati

2010-01-01

435

Problem-based learning: a viable approach in leadership development?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of the paper is to investigate problem-based learning (PBL) as a viable approach in leadership development. It identifies several key factors, strategies and possible outcomes associated with this new approach to training. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Reflective inquiry through storytelling was employed as a research tool to gather rich qualitative data from two PBL trainers and 18 senior

Roland K. Yeo

2007-01-01

436

A Probabilistic Learning Approach to Whole-Genome Operon Prediction  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a computational approach to predictingoperons in the genomes of prokaryotic organisms.Our approach uses machine learning methodsto induce predictive models for this task froma rich variety of data types including sequencedata, gene expression data, and functional annotationsassociated with genes. We use multiplelearned models that individually predict promoters,terminators and operons themselves. A keypart of our approach is a dynamic programmingmethod

Mark Craven; David Page; Jude W. Shavlik; Joseph Bockhorst; Jeremy D. Glasner

2000-01-01

437

Students' Studying and Approaches to Learning in Introductory Biology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This exploratory study was conducted in an introductory biology course to determine 1) how students used the large lecture environment to create their own learning tasks during studying and 2) whether meaningful learning resulted from the students' efforts. Academic task research from the K-12 education literature and student approaches to…

Tomanek, Debra; Montplaisir, Lisa

2004-01-01

438

A Hybrid Approach to University Subject Learning Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In order to get a better understanding of subject design and delivery using a hybrid approach, we have studied a hybrid learning postgraduate programme offered by the University of the Andes, Bogota, Colombia. The study analyses students' perceptions of subject design and delivery, with particular reference to learning activities and the roles of…

Osorio Gomez, Luz Adriana; Duart, Josep M.

2012-01-01

439

Approaches to Learning: Supporting Brain Development for School Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Prenatally and in infants and toddlers, the brain is being constructed as a foundation for all later learning. Positive early experiences contribute to the formation of a brain that is capable, early in infancy, of utilizing and strengthening the basic processes of learning. Throughout a lifetime, a person will repeatedly use these approaches to…

Petersen, Sandra

2012-01-01

440

Approaches to Learning Information Literacy: A Phenomenographic Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports on an empirical study that explores the ways students approach learning to find and use information. Based on interviews with 15 education students in an Australian university, this study uses phenomenography as its methodological and theoretical basis. The study reveals that students use three main strategies for learning

Diehm, Rae-Anne; Lupton, Mandy

2012-01-01

441

An Approach to Software Testing of Machine Learning Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some machine learning applications are intended to learn properties of data sets where the correct answers are not already known to human users. It is challenging to test such ML software, because there is no reliable test oracle. We describe a software testing approach aimed at addressing this problem. We present our findings from testing implementations of two different ML

Chris Murphy; Gail E. Kaiser; Marta Arias

2007-01-01

442

Blending Online Learning with Traditional Approaches: Changing Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considerable claims have been made for the development of e-learning, either as stand-alone programmes or alongside more traditional approaches to teaching and learning, for students across school and tertiary education. National initiatives have improved the position of schools in terms of access to hardware and electronic networking, software…

Condie, Rae; Livingston, Kay

2007-01-01

443

Learning Objects Update: Review and Critical Approach to Content Aggregation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The structure and composite nature of a learning object is still open to interpretation. Although several theoretical studies advocate integrated approaches to the structure and aggregation level of learning objects, in practice, many content specifications, such as SCORM, IMS Content Packaging, and course authoring tools, do not explicitly state…

Balatsoukas, Panos; Morris, Anne; O'Brien, Ann

2008-01-01

444

Digital Games and Learning in Cyberspace: A Dialogical Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Currently there is considerable enthusiasm for exploring how we can apply digital gaming paradigms to learning. But these approaches are often weak in linking the game-playing activity to transferable social or conceptual processes and skills that constitute, or are related to, learning. In contrast, this article describes a "dialogue game"…

Ravenscroft, Andrew; McAlister, Simon

2006-01-01

445

Extension and Health Promotion: An Adult Learning Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Community-based agencies (extension, women's association, public health department) initiated a health promotion project using adult learning approaches (experiential learning, storytelling, and networking) to enable participants to examine their experiences of health and factors affecting health in their communities. Assessment tools were…

Gillis, Doris E.; English, Leona M.

2001-01-01

446

Practical Approaches to Using Learning Styles in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The focus of this collection of essays is on new approaches to teaching in higher education. Selections are organized in five sections; the first section focuses on learning styles, while the remaining sections focus on applications in various academic disciplines. The chapters include: (1) "Capitalizing on College Students' Learning Styles:…

Dunn, Rita, Ed.; Griggs, Shirley A., Ed.

447

Learning from Project Experiences Using a Legacy-Based Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

As project teams become used more widely, the question of how to capitalize on the knowledge learned in these teams remains an open issue. Using previous research on transactive memory systems, an approach to promoting post-project learning was developed. This Legacy Session concept was tested on four in-tact project teams. The results from those pilot sessions were used to evaluate

Lynne P. Cooper; Ann Majchrzak; Samer Faraj

2005-01-01

448

Contextualized Teaching & Learning: A Promising Approach for Basic Skills Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contextualized teaching and learning (CTL), or the concept of relating subject matter content to meaningful situations that are relevant to students' lives, offers one promising approach to helping students learn more effectively. This brief offers instructors, college leaders, policy makers and funders a high-level summary of the CTL…

Baker, Elaine DeLott; Hope, Laura; Karandjeff, Kelley

2009-01-01

449

Inquiry Role Approach: A Model for Counselor Involvement in Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Inquiry Role Approach (IRA) is a strategy for classroom learning in which students work as 4-member teams and assume roles as Team Coordinator, Process Advisor, Data Recorder, and Technical Advisor. Cognitive as well as affective objectives are identified which relate to optimum learning and personal growth in the classroom. The counselor's…

Bingman, Richard M.; And Others

450

Teaching organized crime patterns: An active learning approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper the authors suggest how instructors can use small groups to facilitate critical thinking and an active approach to learning. This pedagogical method attempts to initiate problem-solving and decision-making strategies by emphasizing a cooperative classroom climate where students learn from each other. In our example, the instructor presents content information that enables students to perform four basic progressions

Loreen Wolfer; Thomas E. Baker

2000-01-01

451

Teaching Math in the Primary Grades: The Learning Trajectories Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Children's thinking follows natural developmental paths in learning math. When teachers understand those paths and offer activities based on children's progress along them, they build developmentally appropriate math environments. The authors explain math learning trajectories and why teaching math using the trajectories approach is effective. A…

Sarama, Julie; Clements, Douglas

2009-01-01

452

Reinforcement function design and bias for efficient learning in mobile robots  

SciTech Connect

The main paradigm in sub-symbolic learning robot domain is the reinforcement learning method. Various techniques have been developed to deal with the memorization/generalization problem, demonstrating the superior ability of artificial neural network implementations. In this paper, the authors address the issue of designing the reinforcement so as to optimize the exploration part of the learning. They also present and summarize works relative to the use of bias intended to achieve the effective synthesis of the desired behavior. Demonstrative experiments involving a self-organizing map implementation of the Q-learning and real mobile robots (Nomad 200 and Khepera) in a task of obstacle avoidance behavior synthesis are described. 3 figs., 5 tabs.

Touzet, C. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Computer Science and Mathematics Div.; Santos, J.M. [Univ. of Buenos Aires (Argentina). Dept. Computacion

1998-06-01

453

Promoting Hybrid Learning through a Sharable eLearning Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational technology is developing rapidly, making education more accessible, affordable, adaptable, and equitable. Students now have the option to choose a campus that can provide an excellent blended learning curriculum with minimal geographical restraints. We explored ways to maximize the power of educational technologies to improve teaching…

Bai, Xin; Smith, Michael B.

2010-01-01

454

Learner Centred Development of a Mobile and iTV Language Learning Support System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interactive television (iTV) is a new media technology that has great potential for supporting second language learning, particularly for independent adult learners. It has many characteristics demanded by modern second language (L2) learning theories and is technologically quite sophisticated. However, in order for it to succeed it needs to fit in with these learners' approaches to media use in language

Lyn Pemberton; Sanaz Fallahkhair; Judith Masthoff

2005-01-01

455

Integrating global position estimation and position tracking for mobile robots: the dynamic Markov localization approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Localization is one of the fundamental problems of mobile robots. In order to efficiently perform useful tasks such as office delivery, mobile robots must know their position in their environment. Existing approaches can be distinguished according to the type of localization problem they are designed to solve. Tracking techniques aim at monitoring the robot's position. They assume that the position

Wolfram Burgard; A. Derr; D. Fox; A. B. Cremers

1998-01-01

456

An Incremental Learning Approach to Motion Planning with Roadmap Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional approaches to the motion-planning problem can be classified into single-query and multiple-query problems with the tradeoffs on run-time computation cost and adaptability to environment changes. In this paper, we propose a novel approach to the problem that can learn incrementally on every planning query and effectively manage the learned roadmap as the process goes on. This planner is based

Tsai-yen Li; Yang-chuan Shie

2002-01-01

457

Enhancing mobile phones for people with visual impairments through haptic icons: the effect of learning processes.  

PubMed

We report the results of a study on the learnability ofhaptic icons used in a system for incoming-call identification in mobile phones. The aim was to explore the feasibility of using haptic icons to create new assistive technologies for people with visual impairments. We compared the performance and satisfaction of users with different visual capacities (visually impaired vs. sighted) and using different learning processes (unimodal vs. multimodal). A better recognition rate and user experience were observed for the visually impaired than for sighted users and for multimodal rather than unimodal learning processes. PMID:23923690

Galdón, Pedro Maria; Madrid, R Ignacio; De La Rubia-Cuestas, Ernesto J; Diaz-Estrella, Antonio; Gonzalez, Lourdes

2013-01-01

458

A mobile agent approach for secure integrated medical information systems.  

PubMed

Different patient-related information in medical organizations is the primary reference for medical personnel diagnosing, treating, and caring patients. With the rapid development of information technology, paper-based medical records have gradually been changed to electronic forms. However, different medical organizations present individual system specifications and data-saving formats so that the medical information of the same patient cannot be exchanged, shared, and securely accessed. In order not to largely change the present medical information systems as well as not to increase abundant costs, Virtual Integrated Medical-information Systems (VIMS) is proposed to assist various hospitals in information exchange. Furthermore, with Mobile Agent, the dispersed medical information can be securely integrated. It presents confidentiality, non-repudiation, source authentication, and integrity in network transmission. Virtual Integrated Medical-information Systems (VIMS) is a virtual electronic integration system combined with Mobile Agent technology. With the features of independence, adaptability, mobility, objectives, and autonomy, Mobile Agent is applied to overcome the problems from heterogeneous systems. With the features, the over-dispersed medical records can be integrated. Moreover, Mobile Agent can ensure the instantaneity and usability of medical records from which doctors can make the most appropriate evaluation and diagnoses. It will avoid the waste of medical resources, such as repetition medication, as well as become the reference of further consultation or health check. Not only can it improve the medical care quality, but it can be provided for medical research. PMID:21681511

Liu, Chia-Hui; Chung, Yu-Fang; Chiang, Te-Wei; Chen, Tzer-Shyong; Wang, Sheng-De

2011-06-18

459

Interrelations among University Students' Approaches to Learning, Regulation of Learning, and Cognitive and Attributional Strategies: A Person Oriented Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the relationships among approaches to learning, regulation of learning, cognitive and attributional strategies, stress, exhaustion, and study success. University students (N = 437) from three faculties filled in a questionnaire concerning their self-reported study behaviour, cognitive strategies, and well-being. Their…

Heikkila, Annamari; Niemivirta, Markku; Nieminen, Juha; Lonka, Kirsti

2011-01-01

460

Mobile Learning Centers of Minneapolis, 1971-72. A Title I, ESEA Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Mobile Learning Centers Project began operations in the 1970-71 school year with funds from Title 1 ESEA, Title III NDEA and local sources. The project was successful, so it was continued in 1971-72. The goal of this program was to raise the rate of reading growth of secondary students in selected Title I schools who were one or more years…

Clark, Sara H.

461

Impact of mobile computing on the learning environment: A case study at Seton Hall University  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUCCESSFULLY INTEGRATING COMPUTERS into colleges and universities continues to be a significant challenge. This article describes\\u000a an undergraduate Mobile Computing Program at Seton Hall University, a private Catholic university in New Jersey, covering\\u000a the period of Fall 1998 through Spring 2000, with survey analysis being completed in 2001. Faculty, staff, and administrators,\\u000a concerned with technology use, learning outcomes, and student

Janet Easterling; Eric J. Fountain; Heather Stewart

2004-01-01

462

Extended Q-Learning Algorithm for Path-Planning of a Mobile Robot  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this paper, we study the path planning for Khepera II mobile robot in a grid map environment using an extended Q-learning\\u000a algorithm. The extension offers an additional benefit of avoiding unnecessary computations involved to update the Q-table.\\u000a A flag variable is used to keep track of the necessary updating in the entries of the Q-table. The validation of the

Pradipta Kumar Das; Amit Konar; Ramadoss Janarthanan

2010-01-01

463

An effective access control approach to support mobility in IPv6 networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Access control is an important method to improve network security and prevent protected resources from being used by some nodes without authority. Moreover, mobility is an important trend of internet. In this paper, based on the architecture of hierarchical mobile IPv6, we proposed an effective access control approach to support mobility in IPv6 networks, which can ensure the operation of access control when a mobile node roams in these domains with different polices, with decreased delay of access negotiation and cost of delivering messages.

Peng, Xue-hai; Lin, Chuang

2005-12-01

464

A Glimpse at Business Models and Evaluation Approaches for E-Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The globalization and the mobility\\/flexibility of employees make e(lectronic)-learning processes more and more important. Learning products are needed which allow learning anytime and anywhere, often also with small mobile devices. The readiness to pay for education already increases in Germany and Europe. Economical aspects are the heart of an e-learning business model which should be sustainable. It should be suitable

Michael H. Breitner; Gabriela Hoppe

465

Mobility change-of-state detection using a smartphone-based approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding the mobility of people with physical disabilities is important for rehabilitation decision making. This paper presents a smartphone-based approach to mobility monitoring. The BlackBerry-based system is clipped to the person's belt. This approach uses an accelerometer signal to identify changes-of-state caused by starting\\/stopping and postural change. Our finding suggests that a smartphone integrated with an accelerometer could detect changes

G. Hache; E. D. Lemaire; N. Baddour

2010-01-01

466

Does Instructional Approach Matter? How Elaboration Plays a Crucial Role in Multimedia Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared the affordances of 4 multimedia learning environments for specific learning processes. The environments covered the same domain but used different instructional approaches: (a) hypermedia learning, (b) observational learning, (c) self-explanation-based learning, and (d) inquiry learning. Although they all promote an active attitude, they differ in the specific learning processes they intend to foster. In earlier research (Eysink

Tessa H. S. Eysink; Ton de Jong

2011-01-01

467

An Intelligent E-Learning Software for Learning to Write Correct Chinese Characters on Mobile Devices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: Learning Chinese is unquestionably very important and popular worldwide with the fast economic growth of China. To most foreigners and also local students, one of the major challenges in learning Chinese is to write Chinese characters in correct stroke sequences that are considered as significant in the Chinese culture. However, due to…

Tam, Vincent

2012-01-01

468

An Intelligent E-Learning Software for Learning to Write Correct Chinese Characters on Mobile Devices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Learning Chinese is unquestionably very important and popular worldwide with the fast economic growth of China. To most foreigners and also local students, one of the major challenges in learning Chinese is to write Chinese characters in correct stroke sequences that are considered as significant in the Chinese culture. However, due to…

Tam, Vincent

2012-01-01

469

Mobile Phone Forensics Tool Testing: A Database Driven Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Daubert process used in the admissibility of evidence contains major guidelines applied in assessing forensic procedures, two of which are testing and error rates. The Digital Forensic Science (DFS) community is growing and the error rates for the forensic tools need to be continuously re-evaluated as the technology changes. This becomes more difficult in the case of mobile phone

Ibrahim M. Baggili; Richard Mislan; Marcus Rogers

2007-01-01

470

An end-to-end approach to host mobility  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the design and implementation of an end-to-end architecture for Internet host mobility using dynamic updates to the Domain Name System (DNS) to track host location. Existing TCP connections are retained using secure and efficient connection migration, enabling established connections to seamlessly negotiate a change in endpoint IP addresses without the need for a third party. Our architecture is

Alex C. Snoeren; Hari Balakrishnan

2000-01-01

471

Vision based Localization of Mobile Robots using Kernel approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this article is to present the potential of Kernel Principal Component Analysis (Kernel PCA) in the field of vision based robot localization. Using Kernel PCA we can extract features from the visual scene of a mobile robot. The analysis is applied only to local features so as to guarantee better computational performance as well as translation invariance.

Hashem Tamimi; Andreas Zell

2004-01-01

472

Collaborative Filtering Meets Mobile Recommendation: A User-Centered Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the increasing popularity of location tracking ser- vices such as GPS, more and more mobile data are being accumulated. Based on such data, a potentially useful service is to make timely and targeted recommendations for users on places where they might be interested to go and activities that they are likely to conduct. For ex- ample, a user arriving

Vincent Wenchen Zheng; Bin Cao; Yu Zheng; Xing Xie; Qiang Yang

2010-01-01

473

A hybrid mass participation approach to mobile software trials  

Microsoft Academic Search

User trials of mobile applications have followed a steady march out of the lab, and progressively further ''into the wild', recently involving ''app store'-style releases of software to the general public. Yet from our experiences on these mass participation systems and a survey of the literature, we identify a number of reported difficulties. We propose a hybrid methodology that aims

Alistair Morrison; Donald McMillan; Stuart Reeves; Scott Sherwood; Matthew Chalmers

2012-01-01

474

Risk perception of mobile communication: a mental models approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some lay people confronted with a new base station project fear serious health consequences from the high?frequency radiation, while experts consider exposure under the current international standards as unproblematic. These conflictive estimations may be attributed to the different mental models of lay people and experts. Less is known about lay people’s knowledge in regard to mobile communication and their intuitive

Michael Siegrist

2010-01-01

475

Load Balancing on Open Networks: A Mobile Agent Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to disperse the load on a Web server, generally the server cluster is configured to distribute access requests, or mirror servers are distributed geographically on different networks. Use of the Internet and the World-Wide-Web (WWW) has become widespread in recent years and mobile agent technology has proliferated at an equally rapid rate to evenly distribute the requests to

R. B. Patel; Neetu Aggarwal

2006-01-01

476

Does Outcomes Based Teaching and Learning Make a Difference in Students’ Learning Approach?  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This paper investigates whether instructors’ adoption of outcomes based teaching and learning (OBTL) has any impact on university\\u000a students’ deep learning approach, which is highly correlated with students’ learning outcomes. A multi-method model with a\\u000a combination of qualitative and quantitative design was adopted, using document analysis, interviews, and survey. The analysis\\u000a of covariance (ANCOVA) results suggested that regardless individual differences,

Xiaoyan Wang; Yelin Su; Stephen Cheung; Eva Wong; Theresa Kwong; Keng T. Tan

477

Quantifying Learning Outcomes: A Gentle Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In fall 1993, Coffeyville Community College (CCC) in Kansas announced the implementation of a new program known as Quantifying Learning Outcomes (QLO), one component of the college's Student Outcomes Assessment Plan. QLO calls for a clear articulation of CCC's goals regarding instructional support materials within the next 6 to 12 months; the…

Lind, Donald J.

478

Resource Based Learning: A Pragmatic Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two methods in use at the University of Exeter are examined: the case study and computer assisted learning. They are successfully applied to seminar situations that allow staff to encourage the formulation and discussion of problems in an open-ended context from the start of the course. (LBH)|

Matthews, John; Buckingham, David

1976-01-01

479

Computational approaches to motor learning by imitation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Movement imitation requires a complex set of mechanisms that map an observed move- ment of a teacher onto one's own movement apparatus. Relevant problems include movement recognition, pose estimation, pose tracking, body correspondence, coordinate transformation from external to egocentric space, matching of observed against previ- ously learned movement, resolution of redundant degrees-of-freedom that are uncon- straint by the observation, suitable

Stefan Schaal; Auke Ijspeert; Aude Billard

2003-01-01

480

Enterprise Approaches to Information and Learning Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Like it or not, an institution's IT infrastructure is a matter with which institutional strategic planners must concern themselves. Information systems represent a significant investment, they perform mission-critical functions, and the appropriate use of information and learning technologies can have a critical part to play in delivering against…

Ferrell, Gill

2007-01-01

481

Newton's First Law: A Learning Cycle Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To demonstrate how Newton's first law of motion applies to students' everyday lives, the author developed a learning cycle series of activities on inertia. The discrepant event at the heart of these activities is sure to elicit wide-eyed stares and puzzled looks from students, but also promote critical thinking and help bring an abstract concept…

McCarthy, Deborah

2005-01-01

482

The Learning Centers Approach to Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The learning center is a place for using and storing materials that relate to a special interest or curriculum area. It is a place where the students, after consulting with the teacher, may go to work; where ideas, materials, and activities are presented on a variety of levels of difficulty. Teachers, however, must first decide what the role of…

George, Paul S.; And Others

483

A Developmental Approach to Robot Action Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

An open question in robot action learning is how robots can detect relevant features of demon- strated actions. Robots which have no knowledge about the action nor the environment encounter the problem of not knowing what to detect and where to attend. Inspired by human parent-infant interaction, we suggest that parental action to infants can assist robots as well as

Yukie Nagai

2008-01-01

484

The Cognitive Vocabulary Approach to Word Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|English teachers face myriad demands every day that include not only helping students read literature in interesting and engaging ways but also attending to the needs of students challenged by the demands of more complex and sophisticated texts. Vocabulary learning is at the heart of this struggle for many students, especially for English…

Harmon, Janis M.; Buckelew-Martin, Elizabeth; Wood, Karen D.

2010-01-01

485

The Relationship Between Learning Approaches to Part?Time Study of Management Courses and Transfer of Learning to the Workplace  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between students’ learning approaches to study on part?time, distance?learning management courses, and transfer of their learning to the workplace. The relationship between these two variables has rarely been considered before, as they emanate from research areas that have remained distinct. Three learning approaches are identified by ASSIST, the instrument used

Suzanne M. Murphy; Sheila Tyler

2005-01-01

486

A Game-Based Learning Approach to Improving Students' Learning Achievements in a Nutrition Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this study was to explore the influence of applying a game-based learning approach to nutrition education. The quasi-experimental nonequivalent-control group design was adopted in a four-week learning activity. The participants included sixty-six third graders in two classes of an elementary school. One of the classes was assigned to…

Yien, Jui-Mei; Hung, Chun-Ming; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Lin, Yueh-Chiao

2011-01-01

487

A Collaborative Game-Based Learning Approach to Improving Students' Learning Performance in Science Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this study, a collaborative game-based learning environment is developed by integrating a grid-based Mindtool to facilitate the students to share and organize what they have learned during the game-playing process. To evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed approach, an experiment has been conducted in an elementary school natural science…

Sung, Han-Yu; Hwang, Gwo-Jen

2013-01-01

488

Promoting Students' Learning of Air Pressure Concepts: The Interrelationship of Teaching Approaches and Student Learning Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author explored the potential to promote students' understanding of difficult science concepts through an examination of the inter-relationships among the teachers' instructional approach, students' learning preference styles, and their levels of learning process. The concept "air pressure," which requires an understanding of invisible,…

She, Hsiao-Ching

2005-01-01

489

The Relationship between Students' Approaches to Learning and the Assessment of Learning Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the present study is to gain more insight into the relationship between students' approaches to learning and students' quantitative learning outcomes, as a function of the different components of problem-solving that are measured within the assessment. Data were obtained from two sources: the revised two factor study process…

Gijbels, David; Van de Watering, Gerard; Dochy, Filip; Van den Bossche, Piet

2005-01-01

490

Organizational Learning MechanismsA Structural and Cultural Approach to Organizational Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a two-faceted (structural and cultural) approach to organizational learning. The structural facet focuses on organizational learning mechanisms, which are institutionalized structural and procedural arrangements allowing organizations to systematically collect, analyze, store, disseminate, and use information that is relevant to the performance of the organization. The cultural facet focuses on the shared values, without which these mechanisms are

Micha Popper; Raanan Lipshitz

1998-01-01

491

The Strategic Content Learning Approach to Promoting Self-Regulated Learning: A Report of Three Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports findings from three studies investigating the efficacy of an instructional model designed to promote self-regulation, the Strategic Content Learning (SCL) approach. Each study comprised multiple in-depth case studies involving postsecondary students with learning disabilities who ranged in age from 19 to 48 years. Implications for theory,…

Butler, Deborah L.

1998-01-01

492

Promoting Students' Learning of Air Pressure Concepts: The Interrelationship of Teaching Approaches and Student Learning Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author explored the potential to promote students' understanding of difficult science concepts through an examination of the inter-relationships among the teachers' instructional approach, students' learning preference styles, and their levels of learning process. The concept "air pressure," which requires an understanding of invisible,…

She, Hsiao-Ching

2005-01-01

493

Epistemological Belief and Learning Approaches of Students in Higher Institutions of Learning in Malaysia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is an investigation of the students' beliefs about the nature of knowledge or epistemological beliefs, and the relation of these beliefs on their learning approaches. Students chosen as samples of the study were from both public and private higher institutions of learning in Malaysia. The instrument used in the study consists of 49 items…

Ismail, Habsah; Hassan, Aminuddin; Muhamad, Mohd. Mokhtar; Ali, Wan Zah Wan; Konting, Mohd. Majid

2013-01-01

494

Teaching and Learning in Accounting Education: Students' Perceptions of the Linkages between teaching Context, Approaches to Learning and Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research in accounting education has almost neglected both student perceptions of the learning context and their approaches to learning. Instead, studies have focused on either the teaching context or the outcomes of learning. This omission has meant that accounting educators often experience difficulty in understanding what students conceive learning to be, how they perceive the learning task, or how they

A. Abraham

2006-01-01

495

A Robust and Efficient Doubly Regularized Metric Learning Approach  

PubMed Central

A proper distance metric is fundamental in many computer vision and pattern recognition applications such as classification, image retrieval, face recognition and so on. However, it is usually not clear what metric is appropriate for specific applications, therefore it becomes more reliable to learn a task oriented metric. Over the years, many metric learning approaches have been reported in literature. A typical one is to learn a Mahalanobis distance which is parameterized by a positive semidefinite (PSD) matrix M. An efficient method of estimating M is to treat M as a linear combination of rank-one matrices that can be learned using a boosting type approach. However, such approaches have two main drawbacks. First, the weight change across the training samples maybe non-smooth. Second, the learned rank-one matrices might be redundant. In this paper, we propose a doubly regularized metric learning algorithm, termed by DRMetric, which imposes two regularizations on the conventional metric learning method. First, a regularization is applied on the weight of the training examples, which prevents unstable change of the weights and also prevents outlier examples from being weighed too much. Besides, a regularization is applied on the rank-one matrices to make them independent. This greatly reduces the redundancy of the rank-one matrices. We present experiments depicting the performance of the proposed method on a variety of datasets for various applications.

Liu, Meizhu; Vemuri, Baba C.

2013-01-01

496

Students using mobile phones in the classroom: Can the phones increase content learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A study was conducted at a high-performing school in Southern California to explore the effects on learning content from students using their own smart phones in and out of the classroom. The study used a Switching Replications design format which allowed two independent analyses of posttest scores between a group using e-flash cards on smart phones and a group using paper flash cards. Quantitative data was collected via two tailed, t-tests and qualitative data was collected through observations and interviews. Results suggest that knowledge level learning may be increased with mobile phone use, but no effect on comprehension level learning was found. Students found the phones to be convenient in accessing flash cards anytime and anywhere. Enthusiasm for using the phones in class while initially high waned over the 1 month study duration. Students perceived the phones to not be a significant source of distraction outside of class.

Rinehart, David Lee

497

A MultiFaceted Approach to Inquiry-Based Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to fully attain the benefits of inquiry-based learning, instructors who typically employ the traditional lecture format need to make several adjustments to their approach. This change in styles can be intimidating and logistically difficult to overcome. A stepwise approach to this transformation is likely to be more manageable for individual faculty or departments. In this session, we will

M. R. Brudzinski; J. Sikorski

2009-01-01

498

Variational Approach to Unsupervised Learning Algorithms of Neural Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Variational approach in pattern recognition basing on a mean risk functional is applied to unsupervised learning algorithms for neural networks. The paper summarizes main statements and results of the approach: a structure of mean risk functionals relevant for the problem of grouping the multivariate data; optimum conditions; recurrent algorithms of stochastic approximation type for minimization of the functionals; and conditions

Victor Likhovidov

1997-01-01

499

Prediction of chemical carcinogenicity by machine learning approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we report a successful application of machine learning approaches to the prediction of chemical carcinogenicity. Two different approaches, namely a support vector machine (SVM) and artificial neural network (ANN), were evaluated for predicting chemical carcinogenicity from molecular structure descriptors. A diverse set of 844 compounds, including 600 carcinogenic (CG+) and 244 noncarcinogenic (CG?) molecules, was used to

N. X. Tan; H. B. Rao; Z. R. Li; X. Y. Li

2009-01-01

500

An Investigative Approach to Mathematics Teaching and Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the investigative approach to mathematics teaching and learning as a mathematical inquiry that stems from the constructivist belief is examined. The implications on the nature of mathematical knowledge and activities that the approach requires are also considered and are followed by suggestions on how teachers might use schemes or textbooks to help children gain experiences in investigating.

Teong Su Kwang