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1

CAREER MOBILITY IN AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION: A SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY APPROACH  

Microsoft Academic Search

mobility phenomenon. An appealing approach for such an in-depth inquiry into turnover is social learning theory. Social learning theory posits that psychological functioning can be explained in terms of the interaction of personal characteristics, previous behavior (learning) and environmental determinants (Chapman, 1984). This psychological functioning involves valuing certain outcomes, discriminating among situations in terms of their potential to bring about

Tom Grady

1990-01-01

2

(Re)Conceptualizing Design Approaches for Mobile Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An exploratory study conducted at George Brown College in Toronto, Canada between 2007 and 2009 investigated language learning with mobile devices as an approach to augmenting ESP learning by taking learning outside the classroom into the real-world context. In common with findings at other community colleges, this study identified inadequate…

Hoven, Debra; Palalas, Agnieszka

2011-01-01

3

MOBILE LEARNING FOR SPATIAL SCIENCES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Initial approaches on mobile learning focussed on delivering learning facilities anywhere and anytime independent from restrictions. In contrast current research on e- learning and web-based education tries to adapt learning material to the user pre- knowledge and learning preferences. Our approaches on m-learning tries to combine them, taking advantages from both mobile technologies and context adaptation. As such mobile learning

D. Burghardt; A. Edwardes; T. Woodtli; V. Holdener

4

A Personalized Recommendation-Based Mobile Learning Approach to Improving the Reading Performance of EFL Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, a personalized recommendation-based mobile language learning approach is proposed. A mobile learning system has been developed based on the approach by providing a reading material recommendation mechanism for guiding EFL (English as Foreign Language) students to read articles that match their preferences and knowledge levels, and a…

Hsu, Ching-Kun; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Chang, Chih-Kai

2013-01-01

5

Action Research Approach on Mobile Learning Design for the Underserved  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses an action research study focused on developing a mobile learning model of literacy development for underserved migrant indigenous children in Latin America. The research study incorporated a cyclical action model with four distinctive stages (Strategize, Apply, Evaluate, and Reflect) designed to guide constituencies involved…

Kim, Paul H.

2009-01-01

6

Investigating Acceptance toward Mobile Learning to Assist Individual Knowledge Management: Based on Activity Theory Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile devices could facilitate human interaction and access to knowledge resources anytime and anywhere. With respect to wide application possibilities of mobile learning, investigating learners' acceptance towards it is an essential issue. Based on activity theory approach, this research explores positive factors for the acceptance of m-learning…

Liaw, Shu-Sheng; Hatala, Marek; Huang, Hsiu-Mei

2010-01-01

7

Interactive mobile learning: a pilot study of a new approach for sport science and medical undergraduate students.  

PubMed

Mobile learning has increasingly become interwoven into the fabric of learning and teaching in the United Kingdom higher education sector, and as technological issues become addressed, this phenomena has accelerated. The aim of the study was to examine whether learning using a mobile learning device (Samsung NC10 Netbook) loaded with interactive exercises promoted learning compared with a traditional library exercise. Using a randomized trial, 55 students from an undergraduate sports science course (n = 28) and medical course (n = 27) volunteered to participate in this study. A mixed-model design ANOVA was used to examine the percent change in test score after a 3-wk intervention. Results showed that there was a significant difference between the two courses (P < 0.001), methods (P = 0.01), and trials (P < 0.001). The findings suggested that both methods augmented student knowledge and understanding in sports science and medical students. The sports science group demonstrated proportionally greater increases in test performance when exposed to the mobile interactive intervention compared with the traditional library approach. Qualitative data suggest an increased level of engagement with the Netbooks due to the stimulating interactive content. In conclusion, the Netbooks were an effective additional learning tool, significantly enhancing knowledge and understanding in students. Further research should ensure that participants are assessed for preferred learning styles, the subjective task value of expectancy value, and readiness for mobile learning to ascertain if this has an effect on the potential for using mobile learning and interactivity. PMID:24292904

Bruce-Low, S S; Burnet, S; Arber, K; Price, D; Webster, L; Stopforth, M

2013-12-01

8

Mobile Learning Anytime, Anywhere  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some educational institutions are taking the leap to mobile learning (m-learning) by giving out free iPods. For example, Abilene Christian University gave iPods or iPhones to freshman students and developed 15 Web applications specifically for the mobile devices. The iPod is not the only ubiquitous m-learning device. Any technology that connects…

Hlodan, Oksana

2010-01-01

9

Mobile Learning Initiative (MLI) Spring 2012 Mobile Learning Campus Climate  

E-print Network

Page | 1 Mobile Learning Initiative (MLI) Spring 2012 Mobile Learning Campus Climate Assessment. Mobile Initiatives on Other Campuses E. Mobile Learning Bibliography #12;Page | 2 Synopsis In order learning technologies for teaching and learning, it is first important to understand the current context

Barrash, Warren

10

Mobile Learning Anytime, Anywhere  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Evidence shows that portable technology tools engage students and promote learning, and the potential for teachers to add academic value to these tools is growing. Some educational institutions are taking the leap to mobile learning (m-learning) by giving out free iPods; however, any technology able to connect to wireless or mobile phone networks or to access Web-based public or private services can be used. As new resources continue to be developed, m-learning takes what we already know about the benefits of e-learning to the next level.

Oksana Hlodan (AIBS;)

2010-10-01

11

A Multiple Models Approach for Adaptation and Learning in Mobile Robots Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper proposes a multiple models based control methodology for the solution of the tracking problem for mobile robots. The proposed method utilizes multiple models of the robot for its identification in an adaptive and learning control framework. Radial Basis Function Networks (RBFNs) are considered for the multiple models in order to exploit the non-linear approximation capabilities of the nets

A. D’Amico; G. Ippoliti; Sauro Longhi

2006-01-01

12

Distance Learning for Mobile Internet Users  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an overview on the current state of art in the field of Distance learning for mobile users. It mentions a large range of technologies, services and approaches that may be used to bring distance learning to mobile internet users. These technologies are supposed to considerably increase innovative e-learning solutions for the…

Necat, Beran

2007-01-01

13

Interactive Mobile Learning: A Pilot Study of a New Approach for Sport Science and Medical Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning has increasingly become interwoven into the fabric of learning and teaching in the United Kingdom higher education sector, and as technological issues become addressed, this phenomena has accelerated. The aim of the study was to examine whether learning using a mobile learning device (Samsung NC10 Netbook) loaded with interactive…

Bruce-Low, S. S.; Burnet, S.; Arber, K.; Price, D.; Webster, L.; Stopforth, M.

2013-01-01

14

MoLeNET Mobile Learning Conference 2009: Research Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mobile Learning Network (MoLeNET) is a unique collaborative approach to encouraging, supporting, expanding and promoting mobile learning, primarily in English post-14 education and training, via supported shared cost mobile learning projects. Collaboration at national level involves participating institutions and the Learning and Skills…

Guy Parker, Ed.

2010-01-01

15

Activity Theory Approach to Developing Context-Aware Mobile Learning Systems for Understanding Scientific Phenomenon and Theories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile computing offers potential opportunities for students' learning especially when it combines a sensing device such as RFID (Radio Frequency Identification). Researchers have indicated that a key feature of in-field learning supported by mobile devices and technology is context awareness, with which context and functionality provided by…

Uden, Lorna; Hwang, Gwo-Jen

2013-01-01

16

Mobility characterization for autonomous mobile robots using machine learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a supervised learning approach to improving the autonomous mobility of wheeled robots through sensing\\u000a the robot’s interaction with terrain ‘underfoot.’ Mobility characterization is cast as a hierarchical task, in which pre-immobilization\\u000a detection is achieved using support vector machines in time to prevent full immobilization, and if a pre-immobilization condition\\u000a is detected, the associated terrain feature affecting mobility

Eric Trautmann; Laura E. Ray

2011-01-01

17

Mobile Learning: Different Technologies Aspects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the different technologies aspects that can support mobile learning (mLearning). This includes the use of Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs), cell phones, and laptops, in which learning opportunities can be offered. With the use of these portable devices, different learning materials can be accessed virtually from any locations. The growing importance of mLearning as a field of education

Ching Lee Kon

18

Learning Spaces in Mobile Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning (m-learning) environments open a wide range of new and exciting learning opportunities, and envision students who are continually on the move, learn across space and time, and move from topic to topic and in and out of interaction with technology. In this article we present findings from a study of how students manoeuvre and study…

Solvberg, Astrid M.; Rismark, Marit

2012-01-01

19

Let's Play Chinese Characters Mobile Learning Approaches via Culturally Inspired Group Games  

E-print Network

Institute of Design, University of California, Berkeley, CA, U.S.A @cs.berkeley.edu 3 State and China, low educational levels often hinder economic empowerment. In this paper, we argue that mobile, Chinese literacy, Chinese education, developing countries, literacy acquisition, mobile games, traditional

O'Brien, James F.

20

Mobile Learning: Current Trend and Future Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to the thrive of mobile network and portable device, distance learning is evolved from desktop computer to mobile device. Mobile learning is the use of mobile or wireless devices for learning while the learner is on the move. In this study, the strengths of mobile learning supported by industrial and academic projects are elaborated. These also mark the current

Robert Yu-liang Ting

2005-01-01

21

Improving the Mobile Phone Habitat -Learning Changes in User's Profiles  

E-print Network

Improving the Mobile Phone Habitat - Learning Changes in User's Profiles Robert Bridle and Eric Mc University Abstract. Mobile phones are becoming a popular platform for a range of applications. However, due, we propose customising a mobile phone's Profile application. We apply a machine learning approach

McCreath, Eric Charles

22

Viewing Mobile Learning from a Pedagogical Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning is a relatively new phenomenon and the theoretical basis is currently under development. The paper presents a pedagogical perspective of mobile learning which highlights three central features of mobile learning: authenticity, collaboration and personalisation, embedded in the unique timespace contexts of mobile learning. A…

Kearney, Matthew; Schuck, Sandra; Burden, Kevin; Aubusson, Peter

2012-01-01

23

Savannah: Mobile Gaming and Learning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports a study that attempts to explore how using mobile technologies in direct physical interaction with space and with other players can be combined with principles of engagement and self-motivation to create a powerful and engaging learning experience. We developed a mobile gaming experience designed to encourage the development of…

Facer, K.; Joiner, R.; Stanton, D.; Reid, J.; Hull, R.; Kirk, D.

2004-01-01

24

Savannah: mobile gaming and learning?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports a study that attempts to explore how using mobile technologies in direct physical interaction with space and with other players can be combined with principles of engagement and self-motivation to create a powerful and engaging learning experience. We developed a mobile gaming experience designed to encourage the development of children's conceptual understanding of animal behaviour. Ten children

Keri Facer; Richard W. Joiner; D. Stanton; Josephine Reid; Richard Hull; D. Kirk

2004-01-01

25

Exploring Mobile Learning Success Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a comparative account and analysis of three mobile Web 2.0 projects instigated within a tertiary learning environment during 2008. Following the successful instigation of a mobile Web 2.0 project in the third year of a Bachelor of Product Design course during semester one, similar projects were initiated in semester two within the…

Cochrane, Thomas D.

2010-01-01

26

Will Mobile Learning Change Language Learning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of mobile phones and other portable devices is beginning to have an impact on how learning takes place in many disciplines and contexts, including language learning. Learners who are not dependent on access to fixed computers can engage in activities that relate more closely to their current surroundings, sometimes crossing the border…

Kukulska-Hulme, Agnes

2009-01-01

27

Community Aware Content Adaptation for Mobile Technology Enhanced Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile technology enhanced learning pertains to the delivery of multimedia learning resource onto mobile end devices such as cell phones and PDAs. It also aims at supporting personalized adaptive learning in a community context. This paper presents a novel approach to supporting both aspects. The community aware content adaptation employs the MPEG-7 and MPEG-21 mul- timedia metadata standards to present

Ralf Klamma; Marc Spaniol; Yiwei Cao

2006-01-01

28

An investigation-based learning model for using digital libraries to support mobile learning activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study proposes a mobile learning model that employs digital libraries to support investigative learning activities. A student-centered mobile learning activity with self-guided exploration for physical ecology observation has been conducted to demonstrate the benefits of using digital libraries to support investigation-based ecology learning activities. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – An investigation-based mobile learning model is proposed and an experiment is

Ju-Ling Shih; Gwo-Jen Hwang; Yu-Chung Chu; Chien-Wen Chuang

2011-01-01

29

Mobile Learning for All  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents and educational professionals are asking the question, "Are schools preparing students for their future lives?" Mobile technologies such as smart phones, iPods, GPS systems, iPads, and a constant stream of information drive much of people's world and work. The use of such technologies increases with each passing day. But how often do…

Bestwick, Angel; Campbell, John R.

2010-01-01

30

Towards a Theory of Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

A first step in postulating a theory of mobile learning is to distinguish what is special about mobile learning compared to other types of learning activity. An obvious, yet essential, difference is that it starts from the assumption that learners are continually on the move. We learn across space as we take ideas and learning resources gained in one location

Mike Sharples; Josie Taylor; Giasemi Vavoula

31

The MObile-Based Interactive Learning Environment (MOBILE) and A Case Study for Assisting Elementary School English Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research develops a mobile-based interactive learning environment (MOBILE) for aiding elementary school English learning. The MOBILE consists of a mobile learning server and mobile learning tools, which is able to support in- or outdoor learning activities. Several theme-based mobile learning activities including body parts learning and creation of species are conducted. Experimental results obtained from posttests and questionnaire indicate

Tan-hsu Tan; Tsung-yu Liu

2004-01-01

32

Using Mobile Learning to Increase Environmental Awareness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning or m-learning, a relatively new concept, has attracted the interest of educators, researchers, and companies developing learning systems and instructional materials. This study investigated the use of integrating use of mobile technologies, data services, and multimedia messaging systems to increase students' use of mobile…

Uzunboylu, Huseyin; Cavus, Nadire; Ercag, Erinc

2009-01-01

33

Mobile Learning for Teacher Professional Learning: Benefits, Obstacles and Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reflects on the role of mobile learning in teachers' professional learning. It argues that effective professional learning requires reflection and collaboration and that mobile learning is ideally suited to allow reflection-in-action and to capture the spontaneity of learning moments. The paper also argues for the value of…

Aubusson, Peter; Schuck, Sandy; Burden, Kevin

2009-01-01

34

Mobile Learning: From Single Project Status into the Mainstream?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During recent years, many distance teaching as well as residential institutions have started to experiment with mobile learning through pilot projects as part of their e-learning and technology enhanced learning environments. The practical experience gained with the employment of strategies and approaches within distance education can assist with…

Zawacki-Richter, Olaf; Brown, Tom; Delport, Rhena

2009-01-01

35

Introduction: The Prospects for Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue that this article introduces grew out of an event, the UNESCO Mobile Learning Week, but also out of a wider and growing movement of people and organisations exploiting mobile technologies, as they pursue varied educational missions. The UNESCO Mobile Learning Week represented by contributions here was a focus for contributions from…

Traxler, John; Vosloo, Steve

2014-01-01

36

Mobile Learning with a Mobile Game: Design and Motivational Effects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile technologies offer the opportunity to embed learning in a natural environment. This paper describes the design of the MobileGame prototype, exploring the opportunities to support learning through an orientation game in a university setting. The paper first introduces the scenario and then describes the general architecture of the prototype.…

Schwabe, Gerhard; Goth, Christoph

2005-01-01

37

Are You Ready for Mobile Learning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning is defined as the intersection of mobile computing (the application of small, portable, and wireless computing and communication devices) and e-learning (learning facilitated and supported through the use of information and communications technology). Consequently, it comes as no surprise that sooner or later people would begin to…

Corbeil, Joseph Rene; Valdes-Corbeil, Maria Elena

2007-01-01

38

Learning English in an authentic mobile environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research reports a proposal for learning English in an Authentic Mobile Environment. We used discourse analysis to analyze the perceptions of the students regarding their English learning using mobile phones. Our learning tool is based on the new paradigm well-known as \\

Fernando Zacarías; Rosalba Cuapa; Felipe Hernández

2009-01-01

39

Blurring Lines with Mobile Learning Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores how the future of mobile learning games lies in the blurring of the line between fun and learning, between in-school and out-of-school. Accomplishing this requires new paradigms as well as new technologies. Mobile learning games can be the conduits between the world of school and the world of life, and make them both more fun…

Klopfer, Eric

2007-01-01

40

Disruptive Devices: Mobile Technology for Conversational Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learners can command an increasing range of mobile technologies that have the potential to support learning anytime anywhere, but also to disrupt the carefully managed environment of the classroom. This paper outlines a theory of learning as conversation that can provide a framework for the design of mobile networked technology for learning. It describes a prototype device based on a

Mike Sharples

2003-01-01

41

Incorporating Mobile Learning into Athletic Training Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To introduce and present techniques for incorporating mobile learning into athletic training education. Background: The matriculation of digital natives into college has stimulated the identification and development of new teaching and learning strategies. Electronic learning (e-learning), including the use of learning management…

Davie, Emily

2009-01-01

42

Mobile Phone Images and Video in Science Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports a study into how mobile phones could be used to enhance teaching and learning in secondary school science. It describes four lessons devised by groups of Sri Lankan teachers all of which centred on the use of the mobile phone cameras rather than their communication functions. A qualitative methodological approach was used to…

Ekanayake, Sakunthala Yatigammana; Wishart, Jocelyn

2014-01-01

43

Incremental supervised learning for mobile robot reactive control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reactive control for a mobile robot can be defined as a mapping from a perceptual space to a command space. This mapping can be hard-coded by the user (potential fields, fuzzy logic), and can also be learnt. This paper is concerned with supervised learning for perception to action mapping for a mobile robot. Among the existing neural approaches for supervised

Patrick Reignier; Volker Hansen; James L. Crowley

1997-01-01

44

Fostering Personalized Learning in Science Inquiry Supported by Mobile Technologies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we present a mobile technology-assisted seamless learning process design where students were facilitated to develop their personalized and diversified understanding in a primary school's science topic of the life cycles of various living things. A goal-based approach to experiential learning model was adopted as the pedagogical…

Song, Yanjie; Wong, Lung-Hsiang; Looi, Chee-Kit

2012-01-01

45

Effectiveness of Mobile Learning in Distance Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main aim of this research is to better understand and measure students' attitudes and perceptions towards the importance of mobile learning in distance education. Results of this survey clearly indicate that facilitating mobile learning can improve the entire distance education by enhancing ways of communication among distance learners, tutors…

Yousuf, Muhammad Imran

2007-01-01

46

Mobile Learning Devices. Essentials for Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Mobile Learning Devices," the author helps educators confront and overcome their fears and doubts about using mobile learning devices (MLDs) such as cell phones, personal digital assistants, MP3 players, handheld games, digital audio players, and laptops in classrooms. School policies that ban such tools are outdated, the author suggests;…

Rogers, Kipp D.

2011-01-01

47

Mobile Learning: At the Tipping Point  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile technologies are interfacing with all aspects of our lives including Web 2.0 tools and applications, immersive virtual world environments, and online environments to present educational opportunities for 24/7 learning at the learner's discretion. Mobile devices are allowing educators to build new community learning ecosystems for and by…

Franklin, Teresa

2011-01-01

48

Literature Review in Mobile Technologies and Learning  

E-print Network

to educational policy and practice. #12;FOREWORD Mobile technologies are a familiar part of the lives of most applications of mobile technologies in education. It describes outstanding projects currently under developmentLiterature Review in Mobile Technologies and Learning REPORT 11: FUTURELAB SERIES Laura Naismith

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

49

63. Mobile Learning in Developing Nations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper looks at the diffusion and applications of mobile phone technology in Asia and Africa, compared with North America. It indicates that Asian distance education can be the global leader in the development of educational uses for the mobile phone; and it considers the potential for mobile learning in Africa and other developing regions.…

Motlik, Scott

2008-01-01

50

Engaging Students in Higher Education through Mobile Learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This exploratory study reports pedagogical experiences with using mobiles phone, wikis and other mobile learning approaches such as walking tours as educational tools in the context of an undergraduate course on Chinese entrepreneurship taught at a university in Singapore. Conceptualised as mobile learning, the paper argues that ICT (information and communication technologies) devices used by students as part of their everyday life such as hand phones in combination with social media such as course wikis and other pedagogical methods such as mini lectures, field visits and walking tours can greatly enrich learners' experience provided their usage is easy and effectively integrated into the respective instructional strategy.

Menkhoff, Thomas; Bengtsson, Magnus Lars

51

Visual Interactive and Location Activated Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we proposed an application on smart phones for interactive mobile learning. Image recognition technology is used to link physical objects seen through the camera to relevant information. Through the built-in camera on the smart phone, visual interactive learning can be realized. With the GPS sensor, location activated learning is also possible. Combining both the camera and the

Yiqun Li; Aiyuan Guo; Jimmy Addison Lee; Yan Gao; Yii Leong Ling

2012-01-01

52

Using Mobile Learning: Determinates Impacting Behavioral Intention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the factors or determinates that impact the behavioral intention of students to use mobile learning (m-learning) technology. These determinates include performance expectancy, effort expectancy, and self-management of learning, all mediated by age, gender, or both. Regression coefficients showed strong and significant…

Lowenthal, Jeffrey N.

2010-01-01

53

UNESCO Working Paper Series on Mobile Learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

How can people learn from material and content delivered directly to their mobile devices? There are many organizations interested in this subject, and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is one of them. This website provides access to their working paper series on mobile learning, instructional videos, and external websites. The question is a timely one, as there is the hope that this mode of delivery can "supplement and enrich formal school and make learning more accessible, equitable, personalized and flexible for students everywhere." In the Working Paper Series area visitors can read four different papers, including "Mobile Learning for Teachers in Latin America." Additionally, the site contains recent issues of the Mobile Learning Newsletter.

54

Challenging Mobile Learning Discourse through Research: Student Perceptions of "Blackboard Mobile Learn" and "iPads"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many university academics disagree with the rationale that we should pursue mobile learning because 21st century students are apparently demanding it. We argue that the only defensible rationale for making mobile learning part of pedagogy is because it enhances student learning. This presentation shares results from research with 135 students…

Kinash, Shelley; Brand, Jeffrey; Mathew, Trishita

2012-01-01

55

HTML5 for Mobile Applications for Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Glahn, C. (2011). HTML5 for Mobile Applications for Learning. Presentation held at the Blueteam-Workshop, Bluetea\\/Stepco-group. February, 21, 2011, Heerlen, The Netherlands: Open University of the Netherlands, CELSTEC.

Christian Glahn

2011-01-01

56

Modeling learning effects in mobile texting  

Microsoft Academic Search

No work on mobile text messaging so far has taken into account the effect of learning on the change in visual exploration behavior as users progress from non-expert to expert level. We discuss within the domain of multi-tap texting on mobile phone and address the process of searching versus selecting a letter on the keypad interface. We develop a simulation

Arindam Das; Wolfgang Stuerzlinger

2008-01-01

57

Effectiveness of Vocabulary Learning via Mobile Phone  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whereas the penetration of mobile phones in Asian countries keeps climbing, little research has explored the application of the short message service (SMS) in second language learning. This study aims to examine the effectiveness of SMS vocabulary lessons of limited lexical information on the small screens of mobile phones. Thirty high school…

Lu, M.

2008-01-01

58

Reading and Grammar Learning through Mobile Phones  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an ongoing language-learning project, three years into its development. We examine both the feasibility and the limitations of developing English reading and grammar skills through the interface of mobile phones. Throughout the project, reading and grammar materials were regularly sent to students' mobile phones. Students…

Wang, Shudong; Smith, Simon

2013-01-01

59

Universal Instructional Design Principles for Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report extends a previous analysis of universal instructional design principles in distance education by applying them to the design of mobile learning. Eight principles with particular relevance for distance education are selected, and their recommendations are discussed in relation to the design of educational materials for a range of mobile…

Elias, Tanya

2011-01-01

60

Place-Based Learning and Mobile Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When delivered on a mobile device, interpretive tours of a locale afford powerful learning experiences. As mobile devices become more powerful, content for these devices that is individualized and location-specific has become more common. In light of this trend, Oregon State University Extension developed a GPS-enabled iPhone tree tour…

LaBelle, Chris

2011-01-01

61

Acceptability of an Asynchronous Learning Forum on Mobile Devices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning has recently become noteworthy because mobile devices have become popular. To construct an asynchronous learning forum on mobile devices is important because an asynchronous learning forum is always an essential part of networked asynchronous distance learning. However, the input interface in handheld learning devices, which is…

Chang, Chih-Kai

2010-01-01

62

The Focus Problem in Mobile Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile learning has a lot of potential for supporting learning in situations such as in a museum, at a tourist sight or when exploring biological phenomena at a river- side. There learners can interact with their environment and still make use of the advantages of computational power. However, we have found many of such projects hindered by placing the technology

Christoph Göth; Dirk Frohberg; Gerhard Schwabe

2006-01-01

63

Learning applications of multi-tasking signal analysis of Fourier transform based on smart mobile devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a viable approach and a new teaching and learning paradigm to enhance the effectiveness of teaching fast Fourier transform [1] and significantly improve the learning outcomes. By using the smart mobile devices, this approach establishes the links among concepts, abstract representations, and realistic applications which are often lacking in traditional instruction. Several mobile apps for real time

Zhengzhe Li; Teng Zhao; Dong Ren; Yang Zhang; Lei Wang

2012-01-01

64

Automatic learning by an autonomous mobile robot  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes recent research in automatic learning by the autonomous mobile robot HERMIES-IIB at the Center for Engineering Systems Advanced Research (CESAR). By acting on the environment and observing the consequences during a set of training examples, the robot learns a sequence of successful manipulations on a simulated control panel. The robot learns to classify panel configurations in order to deal with new configurations that are not part of the original training set. 5 refs., 2 figs.

de Saussure, G.; Spelt, P.F.; Killough, S.M.; Pin, F.G.; Weisbin, C.R.

1989-01-01

65

Personalized Intelligent Mobile Learning System for Supporting Effective English Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since English has been an international language, how to enhance English levels of people by useful computer assisted learning forms or tools is a critical issue in non-English speaking countries because it definitely affects the overall competition ability of a country. With the rapid growth of wireless and mobile technologies, the mobile…

Chen, Chih-Ming; Hsu, Shih-Hsun

2008-01-01

66

On-line and Mobil Learning Activities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Introductory college-level science courses for non-majors are critical gateways to imparting not only discipline-specific information, but also the basics of the scientific method and how science influences society. They are also indispensable for student success to degree. On-line, web-based homework (whether on computers or mobile devices) is a rapidly growing use of the Internet and is becoming a major component of instruction in science, replacing delayed feedback from a few major exams. Web delivery and grading of traditional textbook-type questions is equally effective as having students write them out for hand grading, as measured by student performance on conceptual and problem solving exams. During this presentation we will demonstrate some of the interactive on-line activities used to teach concepts and how scientists approach problem solving, and how these activities have impacted student learning. Evaluation of the activities, including formative and summative, will be discussed and provide evidence that these interactive activities significantly enhance understanding of introductory meteorological concepts in a college-level science course. More advanced interactive activities are also used in our courses for department majors, some of these will be discussed and demonstrated. Bring your mobile devices to play along! Here is an example on teaching contouring: http://profhorn.aos.wisc.edu/wxwise/contour/index.html

Ackerman, S. A.; Whittaker, T. M.; Jasmin, T.; Mooney, M. E.

2012-12-01

67

Improving mobile learning with enhanced Shih's model of mobile learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

More recent motivational research focuses on the identification of effective techniques for enhancing instructional design and meeting the needs of diverse student populations (Wlodkowski R. J., 1981). Learning-motivation researchers are applying some of the same theories and concepts found to be effective in industry to the development of motivational models that enhance the teaching-learning environment. One of such models is

Oyelami Olufemi Moses

2008-01-01

68

IMPLEMENTING A CONTEXT-SENSITIVE MOBILE LEARNING SYSTEM  

E-print Network

to the situations in which learners wish to learn but also their particular style of learning. Modern learning para important contextual information in mobile learning systems is the competence of the users and their style models are likely to be preferred. With respect to the specific learning styles, mobile learning appears

Langseth, Helge

69

Mobile Authoring of Open Educational Resources as Reusable Learning Objects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

E-learning technologies have allowed authoring and playback of standardized reusable learning objects (RLO) for several years. Effective mobile learning requires similar functionality at both design time and runtime. Mobile devices can play RLO using applications like SMILE, mobile access to a learning management system (LMS), or other systems…

Kinshuk; Jesse, Ryan

2013-01-01

70

Mobile Phone Usage for M-Learning: Comparing Heavy and Light Mobile Phone Users  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Mobile technologies offer the opportunity to embed learning in a natural environment. The objective of the study is to examine how the usage of mobile phones for m-learning differs between heavy and light mobile phone users. Heavy mobile phone users are hypothesized to have access to/subscribe to one type of mobile content than light…

Suki, Norbayah Mohd; Suki, Norazah Mohd

2007-01-01

71

Passport to Mobility: Learning Differently, Learning Abroad.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Personal mobility, which is becoming increasingly necessary in the era of the Internet and the globalization of trade, is a crucial part of the European Union's (EU) goal of becoming a knowledge society. While millions of young people, students, teachers, and trainers have participated in educational, training, and linguistic exchanges in the past…

Commission of the European Communities, Brussels (Belgium). Directorate-General for Education and Culture.

72

Mobility as a Learning Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As occupational mobility becomes an increasing focus in the European Union, it is framed by an education and training context rather than a labor-market framework. This context emphasizes acquisition of skills for transnational employment, including foreign language, intercultural competence, and transferable job skills. (SK)

Kristensen, Soren

1999-01-01

73

Improving Mobile Learning with Enhanced Shih's Model of Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More recent motivational research focuses on the identification of effective techniques for enhancing instructional design and meeting the needs of diverse student populations (Wlodkowski R. J., 1981). Learning-motivation researchers are applying some of the same theories and concepts found to be effective in industry to the development of…

Moses, Oyelami Olufemi

2008-01-01

74

Mental Effort in Mobility Route Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the mental effort required to monitor landmarks and the effect of the type of route on mobility-route training. The results revealed that the features of landmarks and competence in travel were significantly related, indicating that some environmental factors related to height and width are more easily learned when people can…

Martinsen, Harald; Tellevik, Jon Magne; Elmerskog, Bengt; Storlilokken, Magnar

2007-01-01

75

Accommodating Mobile Learning in College Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile devices and applications are expected to have a significant impact on teaching and learning in the near future. Yet colleges and universities are currently facing severe budget constraints and discretionary funding is restricted for new initiatives. The question addressed in this paper is: "What strategy should an institution of higher…

Alden, Jay

2013-01-01

76

Using Mobile Phones for Science Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the EGO-TRAP project in which students' visits to the Experimentarium science centre in Copenhagen, Denmark, are structured via their mobile phones. EGO-TRAP, so called because it engages visitors in a personal investigation, has been developed with the aim of creating a structured learning experience for children visiting…

Kahr-Hojland, Anne

2007-01-01

77

On Designing a Pervasive Mobile Learning Platform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the features, design and architecture of the Myst pervasive game platform that has been applied in creating pervasive mobile learning games in various contexts such as science festivals and museums in Finland. Based on our experiences with the development, we draw a set of design principles for creating successfully a…

Laine, Teemu H.; Vinni, Mikko; Sedano, Carolina Islas; Joy, Mike

2010-01-01

78

A Mobile Tool for Learning English Words  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technology is changing very rapidly and nearly all branches of education are affected by these changes. As a result of these rapid changes there has been significant interest and growth in the number of educational institutions using mobile devices to support learning and teaching. There is also an increase use of wireless technologies in…

Cavus, Nadire; Ibrahim, Dogan

2008-01-01

79

Perspectives of mobile learning in optics and photonics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mobile learning (m-learning) can be considered as a new paradigm of e-learning. The developed solution enables the presentation of animations and 3D virtual reality (VR) on mobile devices and is well suited for mobile learning. Difficult relations in physics as well as intricate experiments in optics can be visualised on mobile devices without need for a personal computer. By outsourcing the computational power to a server, the coverage is worldwide.

Curticapean, Dan; Christ, Andreas; Feißt, Markus

2010-08-01

80

Mobile Learning: Using SMS in Educational Contexts Adelina Moura1  

E-print Network

projects by SMS described above. 2 Mobile Learning: a New Concept in Education The use of mobile phonesMobile Learning: Using SMS in Educational Contexts Adelina Moura1 , Ana Am�lia Carvalho2 University. The Short Message Service (SMS) technology is one of the most powerful mobile technologies in current usage

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

81

Mobile Learning and Student Retention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student retention in open and distance learning (ODL) is comparatively poor to traditional education and, in some contexts, embarrassingly low. Literature on the subject of student retention in ODL indicates that even when interventions are designed and undertaken to improve student retention, they tend to fall short. Moreover, this area has not…

Fozdar, Bharat Inder; Kumar, Lalita S.

2007-01-01

82

Acquiring Mobile Robot Behaviors by Learning Trajectory Velocities  

E-print Network

Acquiring Mobile Robot Behaviors by Learning Trajectory Velocities KOREN WARD School of Information describes a robot learning method which enables a mobile robot to simultaneously acquire the ability problem. We provide experimental results to verify our robot learning method by using a mobile robot

Ward, Koren

83

Evaluation of Mobile Assessment in a Learning Management System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the problem of using and delivering educational content from the Moodle learning management system to mobile devices. The primary goal of this study was to investigate the students' habits, motivations and technical possibilities in order to incorporate mobile-learning activities in the e-learning process. A mobile quiz…

Bogdanovic, Zorica; Barac, Dušan; Jovanic, Branislav; Popovic, Snežana; Radenkovic, Božidar

2014-01-01

84

Adult learning and action learning — A real workplace learning approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Rural Extension Centre (REC) has developed an approach to accredited training that is based on adult learning principles and is driven by an action learning approach. One of the central features of this approach is the use of real workplace based learning projects to allow participants to immediately apply the theory of the subject being studied in a practical

R. F. Fell

1999-01-01

85

Working Memory Capacity and Mobile Multimedia Learning Environments: Individual Differences in Learning While Mobile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the effects of individual differences in working memory capacity (WMC) on learning from an historical inquiry multimedia tutorial in stationary versus mobile learning environments using a portable digital media player (i.e., iPod). Students with low (n = 44) and high (n = 40) working memory capacity, as measured by the…

Doolittle, Peter E.; Mariano, Gina J.

2008-01-01

86

MOBILE LEARNING AND DIGITAL LIBRARIES Esha Datta, Department of Mechanical  

E-print Network

learning settings, schools, and learning styles as well as students of all economic backgrounds, racesMOBILE LEARNING AND DIGITAL LIBRARIES Esha Datta, Department of Mechanical Engineering, UC Berkeley), and tablet PCs mobile learning provides opportunities for formal and informal education in a wide range

Agogino, Alice M.

87

Learning at your Leisure: Modelling Mobile Collaborative Learners  

E-print Network

Learning at your Leisure: Modelling Mobile Collaborative Learners Anders Kofod-Petersen and Sobah of their classrooms and combine learning with leisure [1] or learn sponta- neously, in response to recent, current

Langseth, Helge

88

Mobile Game Based Learning: Designing a Mobile Location Based Game  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Today’s students grow up with rapidly changing technology. They spend much of their spare time using computer games, mobile phones and other toys and tools of the digital age. These things are part of their lives. Now it’s time to redesign the educational system and to adjust it to today’s technological opportunities. The current system is out of date. It isn’t able to arouse interest in students. With new technology, schools are able to rebuild their educational system and to spark the student’s interest in learning and further education. Passive and disinterested children will be a thing of the past.

Schadenbauer, Sandra

89

The Organization of Mobile Learning in Higher Education of Kazakhstan  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Mobile learning, through the use of wireless mobile technology lets learners and educators to access necessary information\\u000a from anywhere and at anytime. Despite that the most researches of mobile learning are still in the beginning phase, the using\\u000a of portable, wireless and handheld devices are gradually increasing in every sector of education. Mobile learning has growing\\u000a evidence and significance in

Daniyar Sapargaliyev

90

Enhanced protocols for pedagogical through mobile learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is intended for on how mobile technologies can play an important role in the evolution of M-learning. In Second Generation, GSM can be introduced in three ways such as general packet radio services, continuous connection to the internet not requiring dial-up connection reaching up to 171.2 Kbits \\/s. Secondly, Blue tooth is a chip technology, that allows short

S. Neduncheliyan; T. C. Manjunath

2007-01-01

91

Mobile Learning and the Visual Web, Oh My! Nutrition Education in the 21st Century  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technology is rapidly changing how our program participants learn in school and for their personal improvement. Extension educators who deliver nutrition program will want to be aware of the technology trends that are driving these changes. Blended learning, mobile learning, the visual Web, and the gamification of health are approaches to consider…

Schuster, Ellen

2012-01-01

92

Mobile Learning in Higher Education: An Empirical Assessment of a New Educational Tool  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile Learning, or M-learning as it is often called, is a relatively new tool in the pedagogical arsenal to assist students and teachers as they navigate the options available in the expanding distance learning world. This article assesses some of the possible methods, challenges and future potential of using this approach in a college classroom…

McConatha, Douglas; Praul, Matt; Lynch, Michael J.

2008-01-01

93

User Acceptance of Mobile Knowledge Management Learning System: Design and Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thanks to advanced developments in wireless technology, learners can now utilize digital learning websites at anytime and anywhere. Mobile learning captures more and more attention in the wave of digital learning. Evolving use of knowledge management plays an important role to enhance problem solving skills. Recently, innovative approaches for…

Chen, Hong-Ren; Huang, Hui-Ling

2010-01-01

94

Effectiveness of a Mobile Plant Learning System in a Science Curriculum in Taiwanese Elementary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study developed a Mobile Plant Learning System (MPLS) that provides instructors with the ways and means to facilitate student learning in an elementary-school-level botany course. The MPLS represented in this study was implemented to address problems that arise with the use of a didactic approach to teaching and learning botany, as is…

Huang, Yueh-Min; Lin, Yen-Ting; Cheng, Shu-Chen

2010-01-01

95

Vocabulary Learning by Mobile-Assisted Authentic Content Creation and Social Meaning-Making: Two Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, we have witnessed the concomitant rise of communicative and contextualized approaches as well as the paradigmatic development of the mobile-assisted language learning (MALL) framework in analysing language learning. The focus of MALL research has gradually shifted from content-based (delivery of learning content through mobile…

Wong, L-H.; Looi, C-K.

2010-01-01

96

Students' Perceptions and Experiences of Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focused on how students perceive the use of mobile devices to create a personalized learning experience outside the classroom. Fifty-three students in three graduate TESOL classes participated in this study. All participants completed five class projects designed to help them explore mobile learning experiences with their own mobile…

Kim, Daesang; Rueckert, Daniel; Kim, Dong-Joong; Seo, Daeryong

2013-01-01

97

An Exploratory Study of Unsupervised Mobile Learning in Rural India  

E-print Network

are still precious few widespread examples of the use of [mobile] phones for education purposes insideX]. Mobile learning thus empowers poor children to balance their educational and income earningAn Exploratory Study of Unsupervised Mobile Learning in Rural India Anuj Kumar1 , Anuj Tewari2

O'Brien, James F.

98

A reference model for mobile social software for learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a reference model for mobile social software and uses it to analyse the current state-of-the-art in its applications for learning. A general overview of the literature in the field and the available projects will be given. The reference model for mobile social software helps us to (1) find out to what extent mobile social software for learning

Tim De Jong; Marcus Specht; Rob Koper

2008-01-01

99

Learning sensor-based navigation of a real mobile robot in unknown worlds  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we address the problem of navigating an autonomous mobile robot in an unknown indoor environment. The parti-game multiresolution learning approach (22) is applied for simultaneous and cooperative construction of a world model, and learning to navigate through an obstacle-free path from a starting position to a known goal region. The paper introduces a new approach, based on

Rui Araújo; Anibal T. De Almeida

1999-01-01

100

Situated Learning in the Mobile Age: Mobile Devices on a Field Trip to the Sea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on learning about fish biodiversity via mobile devices in a situated learning scenario. Mobile devices do not only facilitate relating the presented information to the real world in a direct way; they also allow the provision of dynamic representations on demand. This study asks whether mobile devices are suited to support…

Pfeiffer, Vanessa D. I.; Gemballa, Sven; Jarodzka, Halszka; Scheiter, Katharina; Gerjets, Peter

2009-01-01

101

Student Use and Pedagogical Impact of a Mobile Learning Application  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning (m-learning) is a relevant innovation in teaching and learning in higher education. A mobile app called NutriBiochem was developed for use in biochemistry and nutrition education for students in a second year Biochemistry and Metabolism course. NutriBiochem was accessed through smartphones, tablets, or computers. Students were…

Teri, Saskia; Acai, Anita; Griffith, Douglas; Mahmoud, Qusay; Ma, David W. L.; Newton, Genevieve

2014-01-01

102

Development of Adaptive Kanji Learning System for Mobile Phone  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an adaptive learning system based on mobile phone email to support the study of Japanese Kanji. In this study, the main emphasis is on using the adaptive learning to resolve one common problem of the mobile-based email or SMS language learning systems. To achieve this goal, the authors main efforts focus on three aspects:…

Li, Mengmeng; Ogata, Hiroaki; Hou, Bin; Hashimoto, Satoshi; Liu, Yuqin; Uosaki, Noriko; Yano, Yoneo

2010-01-01

103

Restoration scheme of mobility databases by mobility learning and prediction in PCS networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a restoration scheme based on mobility learning and prediction in the presence of the failure of mobility databases in personal communication systems (PCSs). In PCSs, mobility databases must maintain the current location information of users to provide a fast connection for them. However, the malfunction of mobility databases may cause some location information to be lost. As

Joon-min Gil; Chan Yeol Park; Chong-sun Hwang; Doo-soon Park; Jin Gon Shon; Young-sik Jeong

2001-01-01

104

Cellular IP: a new approach to Internet host mobility  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a new approach to Internet host mobility. We argue that by separating local and wide area mobility, the performance of existing mobile host protocols (e.g. Mobile IP) can be significantly improved. We propose Cellular IP, a new lightweight and robust protocol that is optimized to support local mobility but efficiently interworks with Mobile IP to provide wide

András Gergely Valkó

1999-01-01

105

Education in the Wild: contextual and locationbased mobile learning in Authors and organiser: Elizabeth Brown & Michael Sharples (Learning Sciences Research  

E-print Network

Education in the Wild: contextual and locationbased mobile learning in action Authors, or geospatiallyinformed, contextual mobile learning, and issues arising from them. Locationbased technologies offer and escape from continual monitoring. The workshop brought together experts in mobile learning from

Boyer, Edmond

106

Engaging Students in Higher Education through Mobile Learning: Lessons Learnt in a Chinese Entrepreneurship Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This evaluative-exploratory case study reports pedagogical experiences with using mobiles phones, wikis, and other mobile learning approaches such as podcasts and walking tours as educational tools in the context of an undergraduate course on Chinese Entrepreneurship and Asian Business Networks taught at a university in Singapore. Conceptualized…

Menkhoff, Thomas; Bengtsson, Magnus Lars

2012-01-01

107

CELSTEC Learning Labs: Mobile App Development for Education and Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

Specht, M. (2011). CELSTEC Learning Labs: Mobile App Development for Education and Training. Presentation given in Workshop at CELSTEC Learning Lab for Bluetea. February, 21, 2011, Heerlen, The Netherlands.

Marcus Specht

2011-01-01

108

Introducing Mobility in Serious Games: Enhancing Situated and Collaborative Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This paper explores the introduction of mobile technologies in a particular serious games subset called learning games. We\\u000a focus on two main purposes where mobility turns out to be useful: situated learning and collaborative learning. The article\\u000a outlines the opportunities and the remaining challenges for these learning situations. Some important issues are highlighted\\u000a for immerging learners in real context. We

Sébastien George; Audrey Serna

109

Message Design for Mobile Learning: Learning Theories, Human Cognition and Design Principles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The demands of an increasingly knowledge-based society and the dramatic advances in mobile phone technology are combining to spur the growth of mobile learning (mLearning). However, for mLearning to attain its full potential, it is essential to develop pedagogy and instructional design tailored to the needs of this new learning environment. At…

Wang, Minjuan; Shen, Ruimin

2012-01-01

110

Planning to learn: Integrating model learning into a trajectory planner for mobile robots  

E-print Network

For a mobile robot that performs online model learning, the learning rate is a function of the robot's trajectory. The tracking errors that arise when the robot executes a motion plan depend on how well the robot has learned ...

Hover, Franz S.

111

Approaches to Probabilistic Model Learning  

E-print Network

is operating, (3) using tactile feedback to augment the visual perception, and (4) learning novel manipulation to learning about articulated objects such as doors and drawers with which service robots often need approaches that allow manipulation robots to make use of tactile perception an ability that is known to play

Cremers, Daniel

112

Middle School Students' Learning of Mathematics Using Mobile Phones: Conditions and Consequences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We used a grounded theory approach to investigate and describe the learning of middle school students when they carry out mathematical activities (in the classroom or out of it) and explore mathematical objects and relations using mobile phones. We found that a web of conditions and consequences could be related to the students' learning when they…

Baya'a, Nimer; Daher, Wajeeh

2010-01-01

113

Color learning and illumination invariance on mobile robots: A survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent developments in sensor technology have made it feasible to use mobile robots in several fields, but robots still lack the ability to accurately sense the environment. A major challenge to the widespread deployment of mobile robots is the ability to function autonomously, learning useful models of environmental features, recogniz- ing environmental changes, and adapting the learned models in response

Mohan Sridharan; Peter Stone

2009-01-01

114

Learning Bridges: A Role for Mobile Technologies in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

MyArtSpace is a service for children to spread their learning between schools and museums using mobile phones linked to a personal Web space. Using MyArtSpace as an example, the authors discuss the possibilities for mobile technology to form bridges between formal and informal learning. They also offer guidelines for designing such bridges.…

Vavoula, Giasemi; Sharples, Mike; Lonsdale, Peter; Rudman, Paul; Meek, Julia

2007-01-01

115

Mobile Learning in Nursing Practice Education: Applying Koole's FRAME Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We report here on an exploratory formative evaluation of a project to integrate mobile learning into a Western Canadian college nursing program. Third-year students used Hewlett Packard iPAQ mobile devices for five weeks in a practice education course in April-May, 2007. Koole's (2009) "Framework for the Rational Analysis of Mobile Education"…

Kenny, Richard F.; Van Neste-Kenny, Jocelyne M. C.; Park, Caroline L.; Burton, Pamela A.; Meiers, Jan

2009-01-01

116

Investigating Learner Preparedness for and Usage Patterns of Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the use of mobile devices for language learning has sparked the interest of an increasing number of researchers in recent years (e.g., Aizawa & Kiernan, 2003; Thornton & Houser, 2005), our knowledge of learners' preferences for the mobile platform and their usage patterns remains limited. Are learners prepared to use mobile phones for…

Stockwell, Glenn

2008-01-01

117

Producing Complex Behaviours on Trajectory Velocity Learning Mobile Robots  

E-print Network

Producing Complex Behaviours on Trajectory Velocity Learning Mobile Robots Koren Ward School This paper describes a novel and effective method for devising complex behaviours on a mobile robot to describe and quantify the motion of a mobile robot. Such behaviours can be re- ferred to as simple

Ward, Koren

118

Controlling a Mobile Robotic Hand by Learning Trajectory Velocities  

E-print Network

Controlling a Mobile Robotic Hand by Learning Trajectory Velocities Koren Ward School that is equipped with a hand for grasping and transporting objects in cluttered environments. For a mobile robot retrieving tennis balls during or after a practise session. To devise a mobile robot to perform such a task

Ward, Koren

119

Learning Preference Models for Autonomous Mobile Robots in Complex  

E-print Network

Learning Preference Models for Autonomous Mobile Robots in Complex Domains David Silver CMU- plex mobile robotic systems. Utilizing the framework of inverse optimal control, expert examples and in the field with multiple mobile robotic systems provides empirical confir- mation of superior autonomous

120

A Mobile Learning Module for High School Fieldwork  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although fieldwork is always cited as an important component of geographic education, there are many obstacles for executing high school fieldwork. Mobile electronic products are becoming popular and some schools are able to acquire these devices for mobile learning. This study attempts to provide a mobile-assisted means of guiding students…

Hsu, Tzu-Yen; Chen, Che-Ming

2010-01-01

121

Tug-o-Where: Situating Mobilities of Learning (T)here  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores "mobilities" as a research framework for learning not so much in terms of what has to be done to enhance learning using mobile technologies. Instead it focuses on our embodied ways of knowing and learning by "being mobile" in physical and mediated spaces. It reviews current mobility frameworks used in mobile learning research…

Enriquez, Judith Guevarra

2011-01-01

122

MOBILE ILLINOIS CLICKER (MI -CLICKER): NEXT GENERATION EDUCATIONAL TOOL FOR MOBILE LEARNING  

E-print Network

MOBILE ILLINOIS CLICKER (MI - CLICKER): NEXT GENERATION EDUCATIONAL TOOL FOR MOBILE LEARNING Abstract: Education has always been the hallmark of man's progress in the civilized world. In the past few projectors, tablet PC's and computers. Mi-Clicker is revolutionary interactive mobile application software

Nahrstedt, Klara

123

Multiplatform Approach to Mobile Laser Scanning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mobile laser scanning is an emerging technology for capturing three-dimensional information from the surrounding objects. With state of the art sensors the achieved point cloud could capture fine details of the surroundings with good accuracy and effectiveness. Many of the applications deal with the civil engineering purposes in urban areas for traffic and city planning and modelling. In this article we present multiplatform mobile laser scanning solutions for mapping applications that require mobility in various terrains and river environments but yet produce high density point clouds with good reliability and accuracy. The ROAMER mobile laser scanning system was deployed in multitude of tasks from urban areas to climate research. The paper also introduces a completely new backpack Akhka platform for mobile lidar mapping of areas where wheeled vehicles cannot operate. The sensor set is the same in all of the approaches, but the carrying vessel was selected according to the application. This was possible thanks to a relatively light and compact yet simple design of the system. ROAMER system is one of the few high-end MLS systems that are easily adaptable to various platforms. In addition to technical description of the system we discuss the practical performance of the solutions through various applications in the fields of urban mapping, fluvial geomorphology, snow cover characterization and climate change monitoring.

Kukko, A.; Kaartinen, H.; Hyyppä, J.; Chen, Y.

2012-07-01

124

Mobile Learning Environment System (MLES): The Case of Android-based Learning Application on Undergraduates' Learning  

E-print Network

Of late, mobile technology has introduced new, novel environment that can be capitalized to further enrich the teaching and learning process in classrooms. Taking cognizance of this promising setting, a study was undertaken to investigate the impact of such an environment enabled by android platform on the learning process among undergraduates of Sultan Idris Education University, Malaysia; in particular, this paper discusses critical aspects of the design and implementation of the android learning system. Data were collected through a survey involving 56 respondents, and these data were analyzed by using SPSS 12.0. Findings showed that the respondents were very receptive to the interactivity, accessibility, and convenience of the system, but they were quite frustrated with the occasional interruptions due to internet connectivity problems. Overall, the mobile learning system can be utilized as an inexpensive but potent learning tool that complements undergraduates' learning process.

Hanafi, Hafizul Fahri

2012-01-01

125

Understanding Mobile Learning from the Perspective of Self-Regulated Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cognizant of the research gap in the theorization of mobile learning, this paper conceptually explores how the theories and methodology of self-regulated learning (SRL), an active area in contemporary educational psychology, are inherently suited to address the issues originating from the defining characteristics of mobile learning: enabling…

Sha, L.; Looi, C.-K.; Chen, W.; Zhang, B. H.

2012-01-01

126

Seamless Connection between Learning and Assessment--Applying Progressive Learning Tasks in Mobile Ecology Inquiry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning has been recommended for motivating students on field trips; nevertheless, owing to the complexity and the richness of the learning resources from both the real-world and the digital-world environments, information overload remains one of the major concerns. Most mobile learning designs provide feedback only for multiple choice…

Hung, Pi-Hsia; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Lin, Yu-Fen; Wu, Tsung-Hsun; Su, I-Hsiang

2013-01-01

127

1 Explanation Based Learning for Mobile Robot Perception  

E-print Network

1 Explanation Based Learning for Mobile Robot Perception Joseph O'Sullivan and Tom M. Mitchell have been applied with remark­ able success to several problems of computer perception and vision, most in subsequent learning tasks. Given a new task, such as learning to recognize the distance to the next door

Mitchell, Tom

128

Application of learning styles adaptivity in mobile learning environments. Third Pan Commonwealth Forum on Open Learning  

E-print Network

Availability of advanced mobile technologies, such as high bandwidth infrastructure, wireless technologies, and handheld devices, have started to extend e-learning towards mobile learning (m-learning) (Sharples, 2000). This phenomenon fits well with the new paradigm “anytime, anywhere computing” (Lehner and Nösekabel, 2002). However, the development of m-learning is still at rather early stage and many issues have yet to be resolved. One of these issues is the potential of individualization of learning process for the learners. This paper explores how to improve learning process by adapting course content presentation to student learning styles in multi-platform environments such as PC and PDA. A framework has been developed to comprehensively model student’s learning styles and present the appropriate subject matter, including the content, format, media type, and so on, to suit individual student. The work is based on the Felder-Silverman Learning Style Theory. The framework uses traditional web-based intelligent tutorial architecture, with two additional components: ‘learning style analysis module ’ and ‘access device analysis module’. The learning style analysis module takes care of modeling student learning style and communicates with student model, whereas the access device analysis module identifies the access device profile and provides the information to tutorial module. The tutorial module creates the suitable content, based on the student model (including individual learning styles) and access device profile, and presents to the student. Based on the framework, a prototype for the domain of PHP programming course has been developed. With this system, students are able to learning PHP programming with course content that matches their own learning style and the device used to access the content. A formative evaluation is planned to assess the student satisfaction, learning efficiency, and effectiveness of the system while providing various presentations of the same content to different users on different devices.

Kinshuk Taiyu Lin

2004-01-01

129

Is the Mobile Based Learning Can Be Effective in Academic Learning? A Study to Check if Mobile-Based Learning Is Desirable in Presenting Educational Workshops  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile technology has made the effective possibility of using technology to support education and learning in universities and colleges in a way that it makes better chance of e-learning. While mobile devices are becoming increasingly utilized, many researchers and practitioners have incorporated m- learning into educational environments. The aim…

Mosalanejad, Leili; Najafipour, Sedighe; Dastpak, Mehdi

2013-01-01

130

Mobile IPTV: Approaches, Challenges, Standards, and QoS Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

IPTV is defined as multimedia services, such as TV, video, audio, text, graphics, and data, delivered over IP-based networks managed to support quality of service (QoS), quality of experience, security, interactivity, and reliability. Mobile IPTV extends those services to mobile networks. The authors discuss mobile IPTV standardization's status, related approaches in the field, and technical challenges to enhancing mobile IPTV

Seong-ho Jeong

2009-01-01

131

How Artefacts Mediate Small-Group Co-Creation Activities in a Mobile-Assisted Seamless Language Learning Environment?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rich learning resources and contexts learners experience in their everyday life could play important roles in complementing formal learning, but are often neglected by learners and teachers. In this paper, we present an intervention study in "Move, Idioms!", a mobile-assisted Chinese language learning approach that emphasizes contextualized…

Wong, L. -H.; Chen, W.; Jan, M.

2012-01-01

132

What can we learn about the mobility of species  

E-print Network

Sciences (Spallation Neutron Source, ORNL) SNS backscattering spectrometer, BASIS QENS Flux Backscattering Spectrometer (HFBS), NIST Center for Neutron Research Cold Neutron ChopperWhat can we learn about the mobility of species in catalytic systems using quasielastic neutron

Pennycook, Steve

133

Evolutionary Algorithms for Learning of Mobile Robot Controllers  

E-print Network

Evolutionary Algorithms for Learning of Mobile Robot Controllers Frank Ho mann, Oliver Malki, Gerd) provides a exible method to model the relationship among input information and control output. Fuzzy logic

Hoffmann, Frank

134

Determinants of Mobile Learning Acceptance: An Empirical Investigation in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scope and method of study: The purpose of this study was to investigate the determinants of mobile learning acceptance in higher education. Mobile learning is a rapidly growing method of learning that utilizes mobile devices to deliver content. Acceptance of mobile learning theory was derived from technology acceptance theories. The study…

Akour, Hassan

2010-01-01

135

User Modelling and Mobile Learning Educational Technology Research Group, Electronic, Electrical and Computer Engineering,  

E-print Network

User Modelling and Mobile Learning Susan Bull Educational Technology Research Group, Electronic Introduction Educational institutions are starting to introduce mobile learning into courses. In line commonly used by an individual student in different locations; and a mobile open learner model

Bull, Susan

136

Lessons Learned from Field Trials with Advanced Windows Mobile Phones  

E-print Network

Lessons Learned from Field Trials with Advanced Windows Mobile Phones Ahmad Rahmati and Lin Zhong in general, we had to employ many awkward, ad hoc solutions. We believe an open-access mobile phone platform Rice University Houston, TX 77005 {rahmati, lzhong}@rice.edu 1. INTRODUCTION Advanced phones

Zhong, Lin

137

Mobile Learning in Distance Education: Utility or Futility?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Can mobile technology improve flexibility and quality of interaction for graduate students in distance programs? This paper reports the results of an innovative study exploring the usability, learning, and social interaction of mobile access to online course materials at a Canadian distance education university. Through a system called MobiGlam,…

Koole, Marguerite; McQuilkin, Janice Letkeman; Ally, Mohamed

2010-01-01

138

Student-Community Collaboration to Construct Mobile Learning Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a project integrating mobile learning games into the author's course at Appalachian State University, in collaboration with a community partner and for the community as a whole. The process of constructing educational mobile games can be as beneficial as the act of playing. Therefore, the author's beliefs about integrating…

Wallace, Paul

2011-01-01

139

Learning Mathematics in the Mobile Phone Environment: Students' Emotions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers point at the importance of emotions and its study in mathematics education. This research examines middle school students' emotions during learning mathematics outdoors using the mobile phone. The constant comparison method was used to analyze 30 middle school students' emotions while carrying out 15 outdoor activities using the mobile…

Daher, Wajeeh

2011-01-01

140

Working with Constraints in Mobile Learning: A Response to Ballance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the enthusiasm that Ballance shows in his commentary (this issue) for mobile learning and the possibilities that new developments in technology of mobile devices may bring about is commendable, there are several areas of concern in his commentary that deserve mention. The author's first concern is that the commentary misrepresents the…

Stockwell, Glenn

2012-01-01

141

Statistical Inference-Based Cache Management for Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Supporting efficient data access in the mobile learning environment is becoming a hot research problem in recent years, and the problem becomes tougher when the clients are using light-weight mobile devices such as cell phones whose limited storage space prevents the clients from holding a large cache. A practical solution is to store the cache…

Li, Qing; Zhao, Jianmin; Zhu, Xinzhong

2009-01-01

142

Mobile math: math educators and students engage in mobile learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The public and educational communities are aware of the continuing crisis in math education in our middle schools and the convergence of technologies for teaching and learning. This paper presents a case study in which iPod Touch? was used to help middle school students learn about algebraic equations and, in particular, the concept of slope, absolute value, and elimination. The

Teresa Franklin; Li-Wei Peng

2008-01-01

143

Mobile learning for HIV/AIDS healthcare worker training in resource-limited settings  

PubMed Central

Background We present an innovative approach to healthcare worker (HCW) training using mobile phones as a personal learning environment. Twenty physicians used individual Smartphones (Nokia N95 and iPhone), each equipped with a portable solar charger. Doctors worked in urban and peri-urban HIV/AIDS clinics in Peru, where almost 70% of the nation's HIV patients in need are on treatment. A set of 3D learning scenarios simulating interactive clinical cases was developed and adapted to the Smartphones for a continuing medical education program lasting 3 months. A mobile educational platform supporting learning events tracked participant learning progress. A discussion forum accessible via mobile connected participants to a group of HIV specialists available for back-up of the medical information. Learning outcomes were verified through mobile quizzes using multiple choice questions at the end of each module. Methods In December 2009, a mid-term evaluation was conducted, targeting both technical feasibility and user satisfaction. It also highlighted user perception of the program and the technical challenges encountered using mobile devices for lifelong learning. Results With a response rate of 90% (18/20 questionnaires returned), the overall satisfaction of using mobile tools was generally greater for the iPhone. Access to Skype and Facebook, screen/keyboard size, and image quality were cited as more troublesome for the Nokia N95 compared to the iPhone. Conclusions Training, supervision and clinical mentoring of health workers are the cornerstone of the scaling up process of HIV/AIDS care in resource-limited settings (RLSs). Educational modules on mobile phones can give flexibility to HCWs for accessing learning content anywhere. However lack of softwares interoperability and the high investment cost for the Smartphones' purchase could represent a limitation to the wide spread use of such kind mLearning programs in RLSs. PMID:20825677

2010-01-01

144

The Wonder Approach to learning  

PubMed Central

Wonder, innate in the child, is an inner desire to learn that awaits reality in order to be awakened. Wonder is at the origin of reality-based consciousness, thus of learning. The scope of wonder, which occurs at a metaphysical level, is greater than that of curiosity. Unfortunate misinterpretations of neuroscience have led to false brain-based ideas in the field of education, all of these based on the scientifically wrong assumption that children’s learning depends on an enriched environment. These beliefs have re-enforced the Behaviorist Approach to education and to parenting and have contributed to deadening our children’s sense of wonder. We suggest wonder as the center of all motivation and action in the child. Wonder is what makes life genuinely personal. Beauty is what triggers wonder. Wonder attunes to beauty through sensitivity and is unfolded by secure attachment. When wonder, beauty, sensitivity and secure attachment are present, learning is meaningful. On the contrary, when there is no volitional dimension involved (no wonder), no end or meaning (no beauty) and no trusting predisposition (secure attachment), the rigid and limiting mechanical process of so-called learning through mere repetition become a deadening and alienating routine. This could be described as training, not as learning, because it does not contemplate the human being as a whole. PMID:25339882

L'Ecuyer, Catherine

2014-01-01

145

The Wonder Approach to learning.  

PubMed

Wonder, innate in the child, is an inner desire to learn that awaits reality in order to be awakened. Wonder is at the origin of reality-based consciousness, thus of learning. The scope of wonder, which occurs at a metaphysical level, is greater than that of curiosity. Unfortunate misinterpretations of neuroscience have led to false brain-based ideas in the field of education, all of these based on the scientifically wrong assumption that children's learning depends on an enriched environment. These beliefs have re-enforced the Behaviorist Approach to education and to parenting and have contributed to deadening our children's sense of wonder. We suggest wonder as the center of all motivation and action in the child. Wonder is what makes life genuinely personal. Beauty is what triggers wonder. Wonder attunes to beauty through sensitivity and is unfolded by secure attachment. When wonder, beauty, sensitivity and secure attachment are present, learning is meaningful. On the contrary, when there is no volitional dimension involved (no wonder), no end or meaning (no beauty) and no trusting predisposition (secure attachment), the rigid and limiting mechanical process of so-called learning through mere repetition become a deadening and alienating routine. This could be described as training, not as learning, because it does not contemplate the human being as a whole. PMID:25339882

L'Ecuyer, Catherine

2014-01-01

146

Mobile Game-Based Learning in Secondary Education: Engagement, Motivation and Learning in a Mobile City Game  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using mobile games in education combines situated and active learning with fun in a potentially excellent manner. The effects of a mobile city game called Frequency 1550, which was developed by The Waag Society to help pupils in their first year of secondary education playfully acquire historical knowledge of medieval Amsterdam, were investigated…

Huizenga, J.; Admiraal, W.; Akkerman, S.; Dam, G. ten

2009-01-01

147

Using Mobile Devices for Motor-Learning Laboratory Exercises  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When teaching motor-learning concepts, laboratory experiments can be valuable tools for promoting learning. In certain circumstances, traditional laboratory exercises are often impractical due to facilities, time, or cost. Inexpensive or free applications (apps) that run on mobile devices can serve as useful alternatives. This article details…

Hill, Kory

2014-01-01

148

Mobile Language Learning: More than Just "The Platform"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile-assisted language learning (MALL) is attracting a great deal of attention at present (Stockwell & Sotillo, 2011). However, it is important that teacher and researcher exploitation of technological developments be guided by more than just enthusiasm. "Language Learning & Technology's" commitment to empirical studies is admirable but, for…

Ballance, Oliver James

2012-01-01

149

Spatial and context awareness for mobile learning in a museum  

Microsoft Academic Search

The MOBIlearn project aims to develop a re-usable architecture for delivering mobile learning experiences. A key component of this architecture is a context-awareness subsystem that is intended to tailor the content and options made available to a learner, depending on their current situation, preferences, and learning history. The context awareness subsystem has been developed alongside a hierarchical model of context,

Peter Lonsdale; Will Byrne; Russell Beale; Mike Sharples; Chris Baber

150

A learning environment for developers of mobile apps  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a new learning environment for developers of mobile apps that merges two quite different views of the same topic. Creative design and system engineering are core issues in the development process that are based on diverging principles. This new learning environment aims to address both points of view by not suppressing one of them but trying to

Elisabeth Platzer; Otto Petrovic

2011-01-01

151

Using Mobile Device for Learning: From Students' Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to examine students' acceptance of mobile technology usage for learning. A questionnaire designed with five open-ended questions was distributed to 20 students from the Faculty of Industrial Art and Design Technology of Unisel (Universiti Industri Selangor), Malaysia. Results construes that students were not keen on m-learning…

Suki, Norazah Mohd; Suki, Norbayah Mohd

2011-01-01

152

Face-to-Face Collaborative Learning Supported by Mobile Phones  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of handheld computers in educational contexts has increased considerably in recent years and their value as a teaching tool has been confirmed by many positive experiences, particular within collaborative learning systems (Mobile Computer Supported Collaborative Learning [MCSCL]). The cost of the devices has hindered widespread use in…

Echeverria, Alejandro; Nussbaum, Miguel; Calderon, Juan Felipe; Bravo, Claudio; Infante, Cristian; Vasquez, Andrea

2011-01-01

153

Adaptive learning fuzzy control of a mobile robot.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this report a problem is studied to construct a fuzzy controller for a mobile robot to move autonomously along a given reference direction curve, for which control rules are generated and acquired through an adaptive learning process. An adaptive learn...

A. Tsukada, K. Suzuki, Y. Fujii, Y. Shinohara

1989-01-01

154

Appropriating Technologies for Contextual Knowledge: Mobile Personal Learning Environments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of Technology Enhanced Learning has been dominated by the education paradigm. However social software and new forms of knowledge development and collaborative meaning making are challenging such domination. Technology is increasingly being used to mediate the development of work process knowledge and these processes are leading to the evolution of rhizomatic forms of community based knowledge development. Technologies can support different forms of contextual knowledge development through Personal Learning Environments. The appropriation or shaping of technologies to develop Personal Learning Environments may be seen as an outcome of learning in itself. Mobile devices have the potential to support situated and context based learning, as exemplified in projects undertaken at London Metropolitan University. This work provides the basis for the development of a Work Orientated MoBile Learning Environment (WOMBLE).

Attwell, Graham; Cook, John; Ravenscroft, Andrew

155

THE MOBO CITY: A MOBILE GAME PACKAGE FOR TECHNICAL LANGUAGE LEARNING The MOBO City: A Mobile Game Package for  

E-print Network

provided in references [5] and [6]. Game-based learning has being proposed for Higher Education to motivate students' learning motivation and engagement in the interactive learning environment. II. THEORY ModernTHE MOBO CITY: A MOBILE GAME PACKAGE FOR TECHNICAL LANGUAGE LEARNING The MOBO City: A Mobile Game

Grout, Vic

156

Review of Trends from Mobile Learning Studies: A Meta-Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two previous literature review-based studies have provided important insights into mobile learning, but the issue still needs to be examined from other directions such as the distribution of research purposes. This study takes a meta-analysis approach to systematically reviewing the literature, thus providing a more comprehensive analysis and…

Wu, Wen-Hsiung; Wu, Yen-Chun Jim; Chen, Chun-Yu; Kao, Hao-Yun; Lin, Che-Hung; Huang, Sih-Han

2012-01-01

157

A Dual Device Scenario for Informal Language Learning: Interactive Television Meets the Mobile Phone  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers have investigated the possibilities for supporting language learning through a range of technologies, most recently mobile phones and interactive television (iTV). Drawing on a focus group study, we present a scenario demonstrating an approach that blends the features of these two technologies. Three areas are identified for further exploration: pedagogy, technical feasibility and interaction design issues.

Sanaz Fallahkhair; Lyn Pemberton; Judith Masthoff

2004-01-01

158

Inventing and Re-Inventing Identity: Exploring the Potential of Mobile Learning in Adult Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the potential of mobile learning in adult education with a particular focus on identity formation and self-representation. It draws on the mobile learning experiences implemented within MyMobile--Education on the move, a European project (2010-2012) whose main purpose was to develop guidelines for mobile learning in adult…

Ranieri, Maria; Pachler, Norbert

2014-01-01

159

Gender and mobility: new approaches for informing sustainability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Feminists have long known that gender and mobility are inseparable, influencing each other in profound and often subtle ways. Tackling complex societal problems, such as sustainability, will require improved understandings of the relationships between gender and mobility. In this essay I propose new approaches to the study of mobility and gender that will provide the knowledge base needed to inform

Susan Hanson

2010-01-01

160

Correlating Questionnaire Data with Actual Usage Data in a Mobile Learning Study for High School Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A mobile learning research project was conducted in Trinidad and Tobago to determine if mobile learning can assist high school students in learning mathematics. Several innovative techniques were used in this research to address the problem of high failure rates of mathematics in high schools in the Caribbean. A mobile learning application was…

Kalloo, Vani; Mohan, Permanand

2012-01-01

161

Key Instructional Design Issues in a Cellular Phone-Based Mobile Learning Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adding flexibility to the learning process, mobile learning offers great opportunities for education, especially for teenagers, who show great attentiveness to mobile technologies. Thus, the need to focus on design aspects of such learning is growing. This study aims to reveal critical issues in designing mobile learning based on a program for…

Gedik, Nuray; Hanci-Karademirci, Arzu; Kursun, Engin; Cagiltay, Kursat

2012-01-01

162

Mobile Learning Initiative Summary of Accomplishments July 1-October 15, 2011.  

E-print Network

sites established: http://mobilelearning.boisestate.edu/; http://www.facebook.com/pages/Boise-State-Mobile-LearningMobile Learning Initiative Summary of Accomplishments July 1-October 15, 2011. (1) The report of the Task Force for Teaching, Learning and Technology, "Mobile-Learning For Boise State: A Proposal

Barrash, Warren

163

Fall Classification by Machine Learning Using Mobile Phones  

PubMed Central

Fall prevention is a critical component of health care; falls are a common source of injury in the elderly and are associated with significant levels of mortality and morbidity. Automatically detecting falls can allow rapid response to potential emergencies; in addition, knowing the cause or manner of a fall can be beneficial for prevention studies or a more tailored emergency response. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate techniques to not only reliably detect a fall but also to automatically classify the type. We asked 15 subjects to simulate four different types of falls–left and right lateral, forward trips, and backward slips–while wearing mobile phones and previously validated, dedicated accelerometers. Nine subjects also wore the devices for ten days, to provide data for comparison with the simulated falls. We applied five machine learning classifiers to a large time-series feature set to detect falls. Support vector machines and regularized logistic regression were able to identify a fall with 98% accuracy and classify the type of fall with 99% accuracy. This work demonstrates how current machine learning approaches can simplify data collection for prevention in fall-related research as well as improve rapid response to potential injuries due to falls. PMID:22586477

Albert, Mark V.; Kording, Konrad; Herrmann, Megan; Jayaraman, Arun

2012-01-01

164

Fall classification by machine learning using mobile phones.  

PubMed

Fall prevention is a critical component of health care; falls are a common source of injury in the elderly and are associated with significant levels of mortality and morbidity. Automatically detecting falls can allow rapid response to potential emergencies; in addition, knowing the cause or manner of a fall can be beneficial for prevention studies or a more tailored emergency response. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate techniques to not only reliably detect a fall but also to automatically classify the type. We asked 15 subjects to simulate four different types of falls-left and right lateral, forward trips, and backward slips-while wearing mobile phones and previously validated, dedicated accelerometers. Nine subjects also wore the devices for ten days, to provide data for comparison with the simulated falls. We applied five machine learning classifiers to a large time-series feature set to detect falls. Support vector machines and regularized logistic regression were able to identify a fall with 98% accuracy and classify the type of fall with 99% accuracy. This work demonstrates how current machine learning approaches can simplify data collection for prevention in fall-related research as well as improve rapid response to potential injuries due to falls. PMID:22586477

Albert, Mark V; Kording, Konrad; Herrmann, Megan; Jayaraman, Arun

2012-01-01

165

A Theory of Learning for the Mobile Age  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most adults and adolescents in developed countries now own mobile phones and media devices, and for many people in developing\\u000a countries a mobile phone can offer the only means of sending long distance messages. In a parallel development to the spread\\u000a of personal technology, since the early 1980s schools, colleges and universities have experimented with handheld technology\\u000a for learning, including

Mike Sharples; Josie Taylor; Giasemi Vavoula

166

Explore! possibilities and challenges of mobile learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the experimental studies we have performed to evaluate Explore!, an m-learning system that supports middle school students during a visit to an archaeological park. It exploits a learning technique called excursion-game, whose aim is to help students to acquire historical notions while playing and to make archaeological visits more effective and exciting. In order to understand the

Maria Francesca Costabile; Antonella De Angeli; Rosa Lanzilotti; Carmelo Ardito; Paolo Buono; Thomas Pederson

2008-01-01

167

Mobile Atmospheric Sensing using Vision Approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Air quality monitoring, especially the atmospheric phenomenon of thick haze, has been an acute problem in most countries and a hot topic in the atmospheric sensing. Recently thick haze occurs more frequently in most cities of China due to the rapid growth of traffic, farming, wildfires, and industrial development. It forms a low-hanging shroud that impairs visibility and becomes a respiratory health threat. Traditionally the dust, smoke, and other particles in relatively dry sky are reported at fixed meteorological stations. The coverage of these sampling stations is limited and cannot accommodate with the emergent incidence of thick haze from industrial pollution. In addition, the visual effect of thick haze is not yet investigated in the current practice. Thick haze appears colorful veil (e.g., yellowish, brownish-grey, etc) in video log images and results in a loss of contrast in the subject due to the light scattering through haze particles. This paper proposes an intuitive and mobile atmospheric sensing using vision approach. Based on the video log images collected by a mobile sensing vehicle, a Haze Veil Index (HVI) is proposed to identify the type and severity level of thick haze from the color and texture perspective. HVI characterizes the overall veil effect of haze spatially. HVI first identifies the haze color from the color deviation histogram of the white-balanced hazy image. The white-balancing is conducted with the most haze-opaque pixels in the dark channel and seed growing strategy. Then pixel-wise haze severity level of atmospheric veil is inferred by approximating the upper veil limit with the dark color of each pixel in a hazy image. The proposed method is tested on a diverse set of actual hazy video log images under varying atmospheric conditions and backgrounds in Wuhan City, China. Experimental results show the proposed HVI is effective for visually atmospheric sensing. The proposed method is promising for haze monitoring and prediction in UAV and satellite remote-sensing images.

Huang, Yuchun; Cui, Weihong; Rui, Yi

2014-03-01

168

Mobile Devices for Learning: What You Need to Know  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 10-page guide, produced by Edutopia, helps prepare teachers to use mobile devices to engage students and provides suggestions for teachers to help parents understand how mobile technology fits into their child's education. Along with app recommendations, the guide offers some analysis that looks at the positives, but also the challenges, of using mobile devices to support learning. The guide can be downloaded as an English or Spanish pdf. Also included are links to external resources (reports, websites, apps, articles, and web tools).

Robledo, S. J.

2012-01-01

169

THEORY-BASED SUPPORT FOR MOBILE LANGUAGE LEARNING: NOTICING AND RECORDING Theory-based Support for Mobile Language  

E-print Network

language learner based on language learning research, focussing on explicit learner awarenessTHEORY-BASED SUPPORT FOR MOBILE LANGUAGE LEARNING: NOTICING AND RECORDING Theory-based Support for Mobile Language Learning: Noticing and Recording doi:10.3991/ijim.v3i2.740 A. Kukulska-Hulme1 and S. Bull

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

170

The Impact of Student Mobility on Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student mobility can both positively and negatively affect students' academic and social behavior. Grades can drop, behaviors can change, and in some cases students can even drop out of school. My research found that a fluid education is important to students. Talking to the children about the move is also important. Making sure that the move…

Valle, Cristina

2011-01-01

171

Assessment of learning powered mobility use-Applying grounded theory to occupational performance.  

PubMed

Collaboration by two grounded theory researchers, who each had developed a learning continuum instrument, led to the emergence of a new tool for assessment of learning powered mobility use. We undertook a rigorous process of comparative reanalysis that included merging, modifying, and expanding our previous research findings. A new instrument together with its facilitating strategies emerged in the course of revisits to our existing rich account of data taken from real environment powered mobility practice over an extensive time period. Instrument descriptors, categories, phases, and stages allow a facilitator to assess actual phase and plot actual occupational performance and provide a learner with the just right challenge through the learning process. Facilitating strategies are described for each of the phases and provide directions for involvement during learner performance. The learning approach is led by a belief system that the intervention is user-led, working in partnership and empowering the learner. The new assessment tool is inclusive of every potential powered mobility user because it focuses on the whole continuum of the learning process of powered mobility use from novice to expert. The new tool was appraised by clinicians and has been used successfully in clinical practice in the United Kingdom and Sweden. PMID:25357100

Nilsson, Lisbeth; Durkin, Josephine

2014-01-01

172

iLearning: The Future of Higher Education? Student Perceptions on Learning with Mobile Tablets  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growing use of mobile technology on college campuses suggests the future of the classroom, including learning activities, research, and even student faculty communications, will rely heavily on mobile technology. Since Fall 2010, an interdisciplinary team of faculty from Indiana University--Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) has…

Rossing, Jonathan P.; Miller, Willie M.; Cecil, Amanda K.; Stamper, Suzan E.

2012-01-01

173

Collaboration Factors and Quality of Learning Experience on Interactive Mobile Assisted Social E-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study (n = 52) examined mobile assisted in-class course using collaborative learning theories over an 18-week semester in a college level course. A self-evaluation survey containing 50 closed-ended items with two open-ended questions about participants' collaboration experience through the mobile techs was conducted during the last week…

Wang, Shengmei

2014-01-01

174

Learning approaches, study time and academic performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the relationship between learning approach, time spent studying and grades awarded. A class of mechanical engineering students (N=34; male) were asked to keep an hour-by-hour study diary for one week. The Biggs' Study Process Questionnaire (SPQ) provided measures of these students' approach to study tasks. Use of a surface approach to learning was found to be positively

David Kember; Qun Wang Jamieson; Mike Pomfret; Eric T. T. Wong

1995-01-01

175

Emerging Behaviors by Learning Joint Coordination in Articulated Mobile Robots  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Policy Gradient Reinforcement Learning (RL) technique is used to design the low level controllers that drives the joints of ar- ticulated mobile robots: A search in the controller's parameters space. There is an unknown value function that measures the quality of the con- troller respect to the parameters of it. The search is orientated by the ap- proximation of

Diego E. Pardo Ayala; Cecilio Angulo Bahon

176

Designing Technology for Content-Independent Collaborative Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the design of a technology platform for supporting content-independent collaborative mobile learning in the classroom. The technical architecture provides mechanisms for assigning different content or materials to students and then guiding them to form groups with other students in which the combination and integration of…

Boticki, I.; Wong, Lung Hsiang; Looi, Chee-Kit

2013-01-01

177

Learning behavioural patterns in a mobile context using smartphones  

E-print Network

Learning behavioural patterns in a mobile context using smartphones Jakub Ratajczak Kongens Lyngby based on the audio data collected by the smartphone devices. The system allows to detect whether two data recorded by the smartphone's built-in microphone as a source of information to analyze. Smartphone

178

Lesions Learned from the Practice of Mobile Health Application Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This fast abstract briefly discusses lessons learned in terms of how to overcome limitations of PDA devices, effectively capture requirements for mobile health application development and effectively reengineer a desktop application on PDA. The limitation of PDA devices includes: (1) small screen size, which limits text-based data entry, reporting and browsing; (2) limited storage space and slow processing, which requires

Ping Yu; Hui Yu

2004-01-01

179

Service Learning on Wheels: The Nightingale Mobile Clinic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A mobile clinic providing health care services in rural Georgia is also a service learning laboratory for associate degree nursing students. The program enhances partnerships with community agencies, gives students a taste of community health careers, and provides preventive care to underserved rural residents. (SK)

Hurst, Carol P.; Osban, Linda B.

2000-01-01

180

An exploratory study of unsupervised mobile learning in rural India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cellphones have the potential to improve education for the millions of underprivileged users in the developing world. However, mobile learning in developing countries remains under-studied. In this paper, we argue that cellphones are a perfect vehicle for making educational opportunities accessible to rural children in places and times that are more convenient than formal schooling. We carried out participant observations

Anuj Kumar; Anuj Tewari; Geeta Shroff; Deepti Chittamuru; Matthew Kam; John Canny

2010-01-01

181

Enhancing Health and Social Care Placement Learning through Mobile Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health and social care students spend up to 50% of their course in practice. Placements are distributed across a wide geographical area and have varying degrees of IT access and support. Consequently, students may feel isolated from peers, academic staff, and resources required for effective learning. Mobile technology has considerable potential…

Lea, Susan; Callaghan, Lynne

2011-01-01

182

Reexamining the Effectiveness of Vocabulary Learning via Mobile Phones  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to reexamine the effectiveness of vocabulary learning via mobile phones. Students (N=78) from two intact classes of sophomores at a Chinese university were assigned to two groups: the SMS group (the experimental group) and the paper group (the control group). Then, they were administered a pretest to identify the level…

Zhang, Haisen; Song, Wei; Burston, Jack

2011-01-01

183

Mobile Devices for Learning: What You Need to Know  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Common Core State Standards call for students to develop digital media and technology skills. One way to help them reach that goal: incorporate gadgets they're already familiar with--cell phones, tablets, and smartphones--into their learning environment. Mobile devices are becoming essential to students' daily lives. According to a 2011 Pew…

Robledo, S. Jhoanna

2012-01-01

184

Application of Mobile Agents in Web-Based Learning Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Web-based learning environments are strongly driven by the information revolution and the Internet, but they have a number of common deficiencies, such as slow access, no adaptivity to the individual student, limitation by bandwidth, and more. This paper outlines the benefits of mobile agents technology, and describes its application in Web-based…

Hong Hong, Kinshuk; He, Xiaoqin; Patel, Ashok; Jesshope, Chris

185

Motivation Matters in Mobile Language Learning: A Brief Commentary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As highlighted in the original call for papers for this special issue, learning with mobile technologies is currently a rapidly developing area of interest for researchers, teachers, materials writers and app developers in the educational field, not least within language education. Yet to what extent is this growing interest realised and shared by…

Ushioda, Ema

2013-01-01

186

SUPPORTING TEACHERS TO DESIGN AND USE MOBILE COLLABORATIVE LEARNING GAMES  

E-print Network

role planning games, the latest ones tend to be designed as video games. This is not only because of the attractive and immersive nature of video games but also because computer applications can unload teachersSUPPORTING TEACHERS TO DESIGN AND USE MOBILE COLLABORATIVE LEARNING GAMES Iza Marfisi

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

187

Ubiquitous Mobile Knowledge Construction in Collaborative Learning Environments  

PubMed Central

Knowledge management is a critical activity for any organization. It has been said to be a differentiating factor and an important source of competitiveness if this knowledge is constructed and shared among its members, thus creating a learning organization. Knowledge construction is critical for any collaborative organizational learning environment. Nowadays workers must perform knowledge creation tasks while in motion, not just in static physical locations; therefore it is also required that knowledge construction activities be performed in ubiquitous scenarios, and supported by mobile and pervasive computational systems. These knowledge creation systems should help people in or outside organizations convert their tacit knowledge into explicit knowledge, thus supporting the knowledge construction process. Therefore in our understanding, we consider highly relevant that undergraduate university students learn about the knowledge construction process supported by mobile and ubiquitous computing. This has been a little explored issue in this field. This paper presents the design, implementation, and an evaluation of a system called MCKC for Mobile Collaborative Knowledge Construction, supporting collaborative face-to-face tacit knowledge construction and sharing in ubiquitous scenarios. The MCKC system can be used by undergraduate students to learn how to construct knowledge, allowing them anytime and anywhere to create, make explicit and share their knowledge with their co-learners, using visual metaphors, gestures and sketches to implement the human-computer interface of mobile devices (PDAs). PMID:22969333

Baloian, Nelson; Zurita, Gustavo

2012-01-01

188

Structural Identification and Comparison of Intelligent Mobile Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper proposes a methodology using graph theory, matrix algebra and permanent function to compare different architecture (structure) design of intelligent mobile learning environment. The current work deals with the development/selection of optimum architecture (structural) model of iMLE. This can be done using the criterion as discussed in…

Upadhyay, Nitin; Agarwal, Vishnu Prakash

2007-01-01

189

Learning in Virtual Communities - The Paderborn Approach to Cooperative Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Net-supported cooperative learning calls for new methods and approaches. On the technical side, we need to address questions about the implementation of work environments that support distributed, cooperative learning by integrating communication and document-processing functions. As regards the incorporation of such learning environments in everyday university teaching, new concepts and methods must be applied for the cooperative development and processing

Thorsten Hampel; Reinhard Keil-Slawik

190

Mobile apps and the approaching zombie apocalypse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mobile handset (and now tablet) market is coming a tangled mess, with strong advocates for device specific applications on the one hand and strong web standards within the browser on the other. This talk will reflect a bit on the history of mobile applications, focusing on the user issues involved in this debate. This is critical as too often

Scott Jensen

2010-01-01

191

Mobile Resource Use in a Distance Learning Population: What Are They Really Doing on Those Devices?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile device use has been soaring in recent years in all user groups. Mobile learning is no longer an optional activity for academic institutions, but a necessary endeavor. Developing a curriculum around mobile learning is essential, particularly for distance-based, non-traditional students. Understanding how students use their mobile devices is…

Gebb, Billie Anne; Young, Zach

2014-01-01

192

Machine learning techniques for energy optimization in mobile embedded systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mobile smartphones and other portable battery operated embedded systems (PDAs, tablets) are pervasive computing devices that have emerged in recent years as essential instruments for communication, business, and social interactions. While performance, capabilities, and design are all important considerations when purchasing a mobile device, a long battery lifetime is one of the most desirable attributes. Battery technology and capacity has improved over the years, but it still cannot keep pace with the power consumption demands of today's mobile devices. This key limiter has led to a strong research emphasis on extending battery lifetime by minimizing energy consumption, primarily using software optimizations. This thesis presents two strategies that attempt to optimize mobile device energy consumption with negligible impact on user perception and quality of service (QoS). The first strategy proposes an application and user interaction aware middleware framework that takes advantage of user idle time between interaction events of the foreground application to optimize CPU and screen backlight energy consumption. The framework dynamically classifies mobile device applications based on their received interaction patterns, then invokes a number of different power management algorithms to adjust processor frequency and screen backlight levels accordingly. The second strategy proposes the usage of machine learning techniques to learn a user's mobile device usage pattern pertaining to spatiotemporal and device contexts, and then predict energy-optimal data and location interface configurations. By learning where and when a mobile device user uses certain power-hungry interfaces (3G, WiFi, and GPS), the techniques, which include variants of linear discriminant analysis, linear logistic regression, non-linear logistic regression, and k-nearest neighbor, are able to dynamically turn off unnecessary interfaces at runtime in order to save energy.

Donohoo, Brad Kyoshi

193

Learning Messages Notification System to Mobile Devices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The work presents a new method to send educational messages in e-learning systems. The communication tools are one of the main characteristics of the virtual formative actions, in addition of the contents and the evaluation. The system must help to motivate the students, mainly those who do not leave the formative action and continue it until the…

Jimenez, M. Lourdes

2005-01-01

194

LEARNING HISTORY BY PLAYING A MOBILE CITY GAME JANTINA HUIZENGA1  

E-print Network

and the effects of mobile game-based learning in secondary education on the development of pupils' engagement mobile games in secondary education. TABLE 1. CHARACTERISTICS OF GAME-BASED LEARNING Principles DescLEARNING HISTORY BY PLAYING A MOBILE CITY GAME JANTINA HUIZENGA1 ; WILFRIED ADMIRAAL1 ; SANNE

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

195

Mobile Learning Perceptions of the Prospective Teachers (Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Sampling)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research is to analyze mobile learning perceptions and mobile learning levels of the prospective teachers at a university in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus according to their departments and gender. The research consists of 355 prospective teachers studying at a private university. The "Mobile Learning Perception Scale" was…

Serin, Oguz

2012-01-01

196

Installing the Blackboard Mobile Learn for iPad Application 2010 Blackboard Inc. Proprietary and Confidential  

E-print Network

Mobile Learn application is available only to Higher Education institutions in the United States, PuertoInstalling the Blackboard Mobile Learn for iPad Application ©2010 Blackboard Inc. Proprietary and Confidential Installing the Blackboard Mobile LearnTM for iPad® Application These instructions

Xu, Shouhuai

197

Meta-Analyses from a Collaborative Project in Mobile Lifelong Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the use of mobile technologies in relation to the aims of the European Union's Lifelong Learning programme. First, we explain the background to the notion of mobile lifelong learning. We then present a methodological framework to analyse and identify good practices in mobile lifelong learning, based on the outcomes of the…

Arrigo, Marco; Kukulska-Hulme, Agnes; Arnedillo-Sanchez, Inmaculada; Kismihok, Gabor

2013-01-01

198

The Use of Mobile Games in Formal and Informal Learning Environments: A Review of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our purpose in this paper is to review studies that explored the impact of the use of mobile games in both formal and informal learning environments. Through a review of studies on mobile learning that have been published between 2000 and 2013, we aim to identify the ways in which researchers used mobile games in a variety of learning…

Koutromanos, George; Avraamidou, Lucy

2014-01-01

199

Effects of Short-Term Memory and Content Representation Type on Mobile Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Due to the rapid advancements in mobile communication and wireless technologies, many researchers and educators have started to believe that these emerging technologies can be leveraged to support formal and informal learning opportunities. Mobile language learning can be effectively implemented by delivering learning content through mobile…

Chen, Nian-Shing; Hsieh, Sheng-Wen; Kinshuk

2008-01-01

200

An Overview of Mobile Assisted Language Learning: From Content Delivery to Supported Collaboration and Interaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning is undergoing rapid evolution. While early generations of mobile learning tended to propose activities that were carefully crafted by educators and technologists, learners are increasingly motivated by their personal learning needs, including those arising from greater mobility and frequent travel. At the same time, it is often…

Kukulska-Hulme, Agnes; Shield, Lesley

2008-01-01

201

Deployment of Mobile Learning Course Materials to Android Powered Mobile Devices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this article is to facilitate mobile teaching and learning by providing an alternative course material deployment method. This article suggests a course material deployment platform for small universities or individual instructors. Different from traditional course material deployment methods, the method discussed deploys course…

Chao, Lee

2012-01-01

202

Mobile Learning: Two Case Studies of Supporting Inquiry Learning in Informal and Semiformal Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile technologies can support learning across different contexts as their portability enables them to be used by the learner in whichever context she or he is in. They can be particularly beneficial in informal and semiformal contexts where learners have more control over their learning goals and where motivation is often high. Inquiries in…

Jones, Ann C.; Scanlon, Eileen; Clough, Gill

2013-01-01

203

Novices' perceptions and experiences of a mobile social learning environment for learning of programming  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we report programming novices' perceptions and experiences of a Mobile Social Learning Environment (MSLE) designed to support the learning of programming through enabling increased novice-to-novice interactions. By capturing and analysing such interactions early it is hoped that instructors may identify misunderstandings and misconceptions of novice programmers, and provide timely feedback to alleviate novices' misunderstandings. The MSLE incorporates

Mercy Maleko; Margaret Hamilton; Daryl D'Souza

2012-01-01

204

Understanding the values of mobile technology in education: a value-focused thinking approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile technology has mobilized the human interaction in all dimensions by supporting mobile collaboration. As collaboration is key to learning in today's educational environment, mobile technology has tremendous potential in supporting and improving education and its delivery. Given that mobile technology for education is a new phenomenon that is gaining popularity, the values of using mobile technology to support education

Hong Sheng; Keng Siau; Fiona Fui-Hoon Nah

2010-01-01

205

Design approaches in technology-enhanced learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design is critical to the successful development of any interactive learning environment (ILE). Moreover, in technology-enhanced learning (TEL) the design process requires input from many diverse areas of expertise. As such, anyone undertaking tool development is required to directly address the design challenge from multiple perspectives. We provide a motivation and rationale for design approaches for learning technologies that draws

Yishay Mor; Niall Winters

2007-01-01

206

Design approaches in technology enhanced learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design is a critical to the successful development of any interactive learning environment (ILE). Moreover, in technology enhanced learning (TEL), the design process requires input from many diverse areas of expertise. As such, anyone undertaking tool development is required to directly address the design challenge from multiple perspectives. We provide a motivation and rationale for design approaches for learning technologies

Yishay Mor; Niall Winters

2006-01-01

207

Project Management Approaches for Online Learning Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developments in online learning and its design are areas that continue to grow in order to enhance students' learning environments and experiences. However, in the implementation of new technologies, the importance of properly and fairly overseeing these courses is often undervalued. "Project Management Approaches for Online Learning Design"…

Eby, Gulsun; Yuzer, T. Volkan

2013-01-01

208

Algorithmic approach to intelligent robot mobility  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents Sutherland's algorithm, plus an alternative algorithm, which allows mobile robots to move about intelligently in environments resembling the rooms and hallways in which we move around. The main hardware requirements for a robot to use the algorithms presented are mobility and an ability to sense distances with some type of non-contact scanning device. This article does not discuss the actual robot construction. The emphasis is on heuristics and algorithms. 1 reference.

Kauffman, S.

1983-05-01

209

Mobile Studio Experience of Experiential Learning in Electrical Engineering Class  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

All core courses in Electrical and Computer Engineering at Howard University and, at certain extent, in most engineering and science disciplines everywhere, are each taught by a combination of lecture and laboratory. The idea behind the lecture-lab combination is to help bridge the gap between the classroom knowledge of theory and the practical aspect in real world. The good idea, however, has failed to produce the necessary practice and intended result. Lecture and lab are seldom taught in the same class and, therefore, different topics are covered in two separate classes. Often, lecture and lab are taught by different instructors. Consequently, the intended learning reinforcement by active experimentation of lectured abstract concept is not realized. Theories and applications have been divided; simulations and implementations, alienated. Great is the need of lecture/lab hybrid class that unifies two components together, and equally high is the demand of experiential learning in which introduction of theories and their experiences are instant and dynamic. Behind this persistent disunity between lecture and lab, there is a practical reason: the daunting task of bringing lab into class. Traditional labs are equipped with workbenches and expensive bulky instruments. Technology development and miniaturized packaging, however, enabled to produce palm-sized instrumentation interface boards which can replace most of the Electrical Engineering lab equipment and thus can bring lab into class. A computer with the interface can become a portable lab or Mobile Studio. Mobile Studio is philosophy and pedagogy which intends to bring laboratory into classroom with a mobile, portable set of computer and scope software provided with similar functionality to that of the traditional laboratory equipment. The Mobile Studio enables the experiential learning for students in classroom through instant experimentation and verification of the classroom knowledge by producing waveforms, measuring and recording signals, and analyzing recorded data. The Mobile Studio class at Howard University made a great impact in learning enhancement of for the students.

Chouikha, Mohamed; Kim, Charles; Thomas, Veronica

2009-10-12

210

A Hybrid Approach to Topological Mobile Robot Localization  

E-print Network

and rotation invariant, but suffers somewhat from sensitivity to outdoor lighting changes. We have decreasedA Hybrid Approach to Topological Mobile Robot Localization Paul Blaer and Peter K. Allen Computer-- We present a hybrid method for localizing a mobile robot in a complex environment. The method

211

A Mobile Visual Analytics Approach for Law Enforcement Situation Awareness  

E-print Network

A Mobile Visual Analytics Approach for Law Enforcement Situation Awareness Ahmad M. M. Razip, Abish enforcement agencies with effective situation awareness and risk assessment tools. Our system provides users of the system and some initial feedback. Keywords: Mobile visual analytics, situation awareness, public safety

Maciejewski, Ross

212

Improving TCP Performance over Mobile Satellite Channels: The ACKPrime Approach  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Various issues associated with "Improving TCP Performance over Mobile Satellite Channels: The ACKPrime Approach" are presented in viewgraph form. Specific topics include: 1) TCP over mobile satellite links; 2) ways of breaking the control loop at the groundstation; 3) ACK implementation; and 4) ACK performance.

Scott, Keith; Czetty, Stephen

1998-01-01

213

2Participatory Learning Approach Michael Bieber  

E-print Network

1 2Participatory Learning Approach Michael Bieber New Jersey Institute of Technology, USA Jia Shen). #12;2 Participatory Learning Approach An analysis of 62 studies showed that self-, peer, and co is prohibited. Starr Roxanne Hiltz New Jersey Institute of Technology, USA INTRODUCTION The Participatory

Bieber, Michael

214

The Evaluation of Two-Stage Mobile Learning Guidance of Math in an Elementary School  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning guidance after class is an important activity in elementary school because it can help the students to improve their learning achievement. Traditional learning guidance is, however, tedious and unstructured due to its complexity and the burden on teachers. The purpose of this study is to propose a model of two-stage mobile learning guidance based on use of mobile computer

Ah-Fur Lai; Horng-Yih Lai; Victor R. L. Shen; I Chang Tsai; Andy Chou

2012-01-01

215

Ubiquitous Mobility with Mobile Phones: A Cultural Ecology for Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues that mobile phones should be viewed as new cultural resources that operate within an individualized, mobile and convergent mass communication; such a recognition facilitates the options for a cultural ecology. A particular challenge here is to find adequate curricular functions in school where the inclusion of these new…

Cook, John; Pachler, Norbert; Bachmair, Ben

2011-01-01

216

A Flexible Mobile Education System Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distance learning is appealing to small business owners, employees, municipalities, state establishments, non-governmental organizations. Distance-learning are ideal for people who have a full-time job or other commitments, who can't take time off to study full time. This might be a professional who needs to update his knowledge or skills, or a…

Baloglu, Arzu

2007-01-01

217

Mobile learning for HIV\\/AIDS healthcare worker training in resource-limited settings  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: We present an innovative approach to healthcare worker (HCW) training using mobile phones as a personal learning environment. Twenty physicians used individual Smartphones (Nokia N95 and iPhone), each equipped with a portable solar charger. Doctors worked in urban and peri-urban HIV\\/AIDS clinics in Peru, where almost 70% of the nation's HIV patients in need are on treatment. A set

Maria Zolfo; David Iglesias; Carlos Kiyan; Juan Echevarria; Luis Fucay; Ellar Llacsahuanga; Inge de Waard; Victor Suàrez; Walter Castillo Llaque; Lutgarde Lynen

2010-01-01

218

A Unified Approach to Mobile Adaptation of Educational Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

We formulate an approach to adaptively structuring content for access via mobile devices, accounting for variations in communication channels, end-user device capabilities and user profiles. We apply it to automatically enforce the MRA recommendations for educational content delivery.

Alexei Tretiakov; Kinshuk

2004-01-01

219

A New Approach to Personalization: Integrating E-Learning and M-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most personalized learning systems are designed for either personal computers (e-learning) or mobile devices (m-learning). Our research has resulted in a cloud-based adaptive learning system that incorporates mobile devices into a classroom setting. This system is fully integrated into the formative assessment process and, most importantly,…

Nedungadi, Prema; Raman, Raghu

2012-01-01

220

New approach for measuring the microwave Hall mobility of semiconductors  

SciTech Connect

Measurement of Hall mobility in semiconductor samples using bimodal cavity method gives distinct advantages due to noncontact nature as well as the provision to measure anisotropic mobility. But the measurement approaches followed till now have a disadvantage of having high error values primarily due to the problem in evaluating the calibration constant of the whole experimental arrangement. This article brings out a new approach that removes such disadvantage and presents the calibration constant with 1% accuracy. The overall error in the carrier mobility values is within 5%.

Murthy, D. V. B.; Subramanian, V.; Murthy, V. R. K. [Microwave Laboratory, Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, Chennai-600 036 (India)

2006-06-15

221

Learning Metric-Topological Maps for Indoor Mobile Robot Navigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Autonomous robots must be able to learn and maintain models of their environments. Research on mobile robot navigation has produced two major paradigms for mapping indoor environments: grid-based and topological. While grid-based methods produce accurate metric maps, their complexity often prohibits efficient planning and problem solving in large-scale indoor environments. Topological maps, on the other hand, can be used much

Sebastian Thrun

1998-01-01

222

Optimal online learning: a Bayesian approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A recently proposed Bayesian approach to online learning is applied to learning a rule defined as a noisy single layer perceptron. In the Bayesian online approach, the exact posterior distribution is approximated by a simple parametric posterior that is updated online as new examples are incorporated to the dataset. In the case of binary weights, the approximate posterior is chosen to be a biased binary distribution. The resulting online algorithm is shown to outperform several other online approaches to this problem.

Solla, Sara A.; Winther, Ole

1999-09-01

223

Multistrategical Approach in Visual Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose a novel visual learning framework to develop flexible and accurate object recognition methods. Currently,\\u000a most of visual learning based recognition methods adopt the monostrategy learning framework using a single feature. However,\\u000a the real-world objects are so complex that it is quite difficult for monostrategy method to correctly classify them. Thus,\\u000a utilizing a wide variety of

Hiroki Nomiya; Kuniaki Uehara

2007-01-01

224

Assessing Learning in Community Service Learning: A Social Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay advances a way of thinking about assessment that envelops both process and outcome. We assert that learning in community service learning and the assessment thereof might fruitfully be considered in communication with others (the students, constituents from the community, instructors, etc.). Concepts central to a social approach to…

Cooks, Leda; Scharrer, Erica

2006-01-01

225

Accelerated learning approaches for maintenance training  

SciTech Connect

As a training tool, Accelerated Learning techniques have been in use since 1956. Trainers from a variety of applications and disciplines have found success in using Accelerated Learning approaches, such as training aids, positive affirmations, memory aids, room arrangement, color patterns, and music. Some have thought that maintenance training and Accelerated Learning have nothing in common. Recent training applications by industry and education of Accelerated Learning are proving very successful by several standards. This paper cites available resource examples and challenges maintenance trainers to adopt new ideas and concepts to accelerate learning in all training setting. 7 refs.

Erickson, E.J.

1991-01-01

226

A neural learning classifier system with self-adaptive constructivism for mobile robot control.  

PubMed

For artificial entities to achieve true autonomy and display complex lifelike behavior, they will need to exploit appropriate adaptable learning algorithms. In this context adaptability implies flexibility guided by the environment at any given time and an open-ended ability to learn appropriate behaviors. This article examines the use of constructivism-inspired mechanisms within a neural learning classifier system architecture that exploits parameter self-adaptation as an approach to realize such behavior. The system uses a rule structure in which each rule is represented by an artificial neural network. It is shown that appropriate internal rule complexity emerges during learning at a rate controlled by the learner and that the structure indicates underlying features of the task. Results are presented in simulated mazes before moving to a mobile robot platform. PMID:16859445

Hurst, Jacob; Bull, Larry

2006-01-01

227

Comprehensive Approaches to Cooperative Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes two reform models developed to promote cooperative learning and ensure student success: Success for All and Roots and Wings. The paper examines aspects of the Roots and Wings program, including Reading Wings, tutoring, early learning, MathWings, WorldLab, and family support. It also discusses how schools can adopt Success for All and how…

Slavin, Robert E.

1999-01-01

228

3rd WLE Mobile Learning Symposium: Mobile Learning Cultures across Education, Work and Leisure 27 March 2009, WLE Centre, IOE London, UK  

E-print Network

3rd WLE Mobile Learning Symposium: Mobile Learning Cultures across Education, Work and Leisure 27 and universities are not collaborating as much as they could be. Museums are often seen as a place of `leisure across Education, Work and Leisure 27 March 2009, WLE Centre, IOE London, UK http

Subramanian, Sriram

229

Mobile Devices: Toys or Learning Tools for the 21st Century Teenagers?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning is interwoven in daily life and so it can be take place at anytime and anywhere by using mobile device. In the 21st century, mobile devices have become ubiquitous, affordable and accessible for the teenagers. The teenagers have the opportunity to perform the learning activities by using the mobile devices. However, what are they used…

Kee, Ch'ng Lay; Samsudin, Zarina

2014-01-01

230

Perceived Convenience in an Extended Technology Acceptance Model: Mobile Technology and English Learning for College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since convenience is one of the features for mobile learning, does it affect attitude and intention of using mobile technology? The technology acceptance model (TAM), proposed by David (1989), was extended with perceived convenience in the present study. With regard to English language mobile learning, the variables in the extended TAM and its…

Chang, Chi-Cheng; Yan, Chi-Fang; Tseng, Ju-Shih

2012-01-01

231

Mobile Learning Initiative Summary of Accomplishments February 1, 2012-June 30, 2012  

E-print Network

for desktop capture. 6. Started development and delivered prototypes for mobile apps for testingMobile Learning Initiative Summary of Accomplishments February 1, 2012-June 30, 2012 1. Assessment survey of Mobile Learning sent to faculty and students. Preliminary results compiled. 2. Master

Barrash, Warren

232

26 Telematik 1/2002 Machine learning for autonomous mobile robots  

E-print Network

26 Telematik 1/2002 Abstract Machine learning for autonomous mobile robots is a very interesting. The combination of machine learning and mobile robots allows us to create machines whose performance surpasses computing power of a mobile robot. It is not very satisfying if a robot stops for ten minutes in order

Maass, Wolfgang

233

Literature on the Safe and Disruptive Learning Potential of Mobile Technologies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Worldwide growth in use of mobile phones has fostered the emergence of mobile learning. Mobile technologies are used both in classrooms to support instruction (safe) and as tools that significantly change instructional activities, learner roles, and learning location (disruptive). Learners become less consumers of information and more…

Koszalka, Tiffany A.; Ntloedibe-Kuswani, G. S.

2010-01-01

234

Toward Interactive Mobile Synchronous Learning Environment with Context-Awareness Service  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile synchronous learning is a new challenge in the e-learning domain. While popular mobile communication devices, such as cell phones, cannot directly accommodate traditional synchronous content due to the major limitation of display size, other constraints also restrict convenient interactions while using mobile devices in a synchronous…

Huang, Yueh-Min; Kuo, Yen-Hung; Lin, Yen-Ting; Cheng, Shu-Chen

2008-01-01

235

Teaching Instructional Design: An Action Learning Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses an alternative teaching approach that incorporates action learning principles along with authentic project-based methods into the full-time study of instructional design. Describes the implementation of action learning principles within a graduate program in instructional technology at George Mason University. (Author/LRW)

Bannan-Ritland, Brenda

2001-01-01

236

A Guided Discovery Approach for Learning Glycolysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that more attention should be given to teaching students how to learn the rudiments of specific metabolic pathways. This approach describes a unique way of learning the glycolytic pathway in stepwise fashion. The pedagogy involves clear rote components that are connected to a set of generalizations that develop and enhance important…

Schultz, Emeric

1997-01-01

237

Constructivist Learning Approach in Science Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Constructivism is not a new concept. It has its roots in philosophy and has been applied to sociology and anthropology, as well as cognitive psychology and education. The aim of this research is to reveal if there is a significant difference between the means of achievement and retention learning scores of constructivist learning approach applied…

Demirci, Cavide

2009-01-01

238

The use of a mobile assistant learning system for health education based on project-based learning.  

PubMed

With the development of mobile devices and wireless technology, mobile technology has gradually infiltrated nursing practice courses to facilitate instruction. Mobile devices save manpower and reduce errors while enhancing nursing students' professional knowledge and skills. To achieve teaching objectives and address the drawbacks of traditional education, this study presents a mobile assistant learning system to help nursing students prepare health education materials. The proposed system is based on a project-based learning strategy to assist nursing students with internalizing professional knowledge and developing critical thinking skills. Experimental results show that the proposed mobile system and project-based learning strategy can promote learning effectiveness and efficiency. Most nursing students and nursing educators showed positive attitudes toward this mobile learning system and looked forward to using it again in related courses in the future. PMID:25140444

Wu, Ting-Ting

2014-10-01

239

Learning topological maps: An alternative approach  

SciTech Connect

Our goal is autonomous real-time control of a mobile robot. In this paper we want to show a possibility to learn topological maps of a large-scale indoor environment autonomously. In the literature there are two paradigms how to store information on the environment of a robot: as a grid-based (geometric) or as a topological map. While grid-based maps are considerably easy to learn and maintain, topological maps are quite compact and facilitate fast motion-planning.

Buecken, A.; Thrun, S. [Univ. of Bonn (Germany)

1996-12-31

240

Integration of a Mobile-Integrated Therapy with Electronic Health Records: Lessons Learned  

PubMed Central

Background: Responses to the chronic disease epidemic have predominantly been standardized in their approach to date. Barriers to better health outcomes remain, and effective management requires patient-specific data and disease state knowledge be presented in methods that foster clinical decision-making and patient self-management. Mobile technology provides a new platform for data collection and patient–provider communication. The mobile device represents a personalized platform that is available to the patient on a 24/7 basis. Mobile-integrated therapy (MIT) is the convergence of mobile technology, clinical and behavioral science, and scientifically validated clinical outcomes. In this article, we highlight the lessons learned from functional integration of a Food and Drug Administration-cleared type 2 diabetes MIT into the electronic health record (EHR) of a multiphysician practice within a large, urban, academic medical center. Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with integration stakeholder groups: mobile and EHR software and information technology teams, clinical end users, project managers, and business analysts. Interviews were summarized and categorized into lessons learned using the Architecture for Integrated Mobility® framework. Results: Findings from the diverse stakeholder group of a MIT–EHR integration project indicate that user workflow, software system persistence, environment configuration, device connectivity and security, organizational processes, and data exchange heuristics are key issues that must be addressed. Conclusions: Mobile-integrated therapy that integrates patient self-management data with medical record data provides the opportunity to understand the potential benefits of bidirectional data sharing and reporting that are most valuable in advancing better health and better care in a cost-effective way that is scalable for all chronic diseases. PMID:23759392

Peeples, Malinda M.; Iyer, Anand K.; Cohen, Joshua L.

2013-01-01

241

JaGD An Photo Oriented Learning and Gaming Platform for Mobile Phones  

E-print Network

for photo oriented games and learning applications that make use of such devices. The system consistsJaGD ­ An Photo Oriented Learning and Gaming Platform for Mobile Phones Albrecht Schmidt1 , Enrico of a web based authoring tool and a runtime environment on the mobile phone. Games and learning

242

Research on Mobile English Assistant Learning System based on Wireless Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to improve learning flexibility and efficiency, and break the constraints of time and space, an English mobile learning system based on Bluetooth as proposed and realized in the paper. English mobile learning system used Bluetooth technology as the wireless communication media. To accommodate with the characteristic of portable devices, the system is designed for low power consumption and

Guoliang Zhang; Feng Xiong; Qi Luo

2007-01-01

243

Media convergence: An architecture for iTV and mobile phone based interactive language learning  

E-print Network

, 2003] and most recently interactive television (iTV) have been recognised as language learning mediaMedia convergence: An architecture for iTV and mobile phone based interactive language learning media, in this case interactive TV and mobile phone, for delivering interactive language learning. We

Masthoff, Judith

244

Ubiquitous Knowledge Construction: Mobile Learning Re-Defined and a Conceptual Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emerging from recent mobile technologies, mobile learning, or m-learning, is beginning to offer "stunning new technical capabilities" in education (DiGiano et al., 2003). This new genre of learning is viewed as a revolutionary stage in educational technology. However, ubiquitous computing technologies have given rise to several issues. This…

Peng, Hsinyi; Su, Yi-Ju; Chou, Chien; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2009-01-01

245

Learning Unplugged: Using Mobile Technologies for Organizational Training and Performance Improvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, which is written by a training consultant, is intended to help organizations determine whether specific readily available mobile technologies make sense for their particular learning and performance needs. Chapter 1 discusses the mobile revolution in learning and performance, with special attention to the new work and learning…

Gayeski, Diane

246

RSS and Vodcasting for Undergraduate Design and Technology Stude nts: Mobile Learning Scenarios, Issues and Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

Th is paper describes a study of mobile learning for undergraduate design and technology education. The methodology is action research, to assess student\\/ lecturer competencies with mobile learning on two modules. It was found that RSS and Vodcasting learning scenarios require a fundamental shift in stakeholders' management of internet- based educational information for design and technology education. Collecting data on

M. R. Hepburn; A. R. Hodgson

247

Mobile Learning Environment with Short Messaging Service: Application to a Campus Environment in a Developing Country  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss how to integrate secure, open-source and mobile-based system with the Moodle learning management system (MLMS) then describe the implementation of a campus-wide mobile learning environment with short messaging system (SMS) and how this platform is incorporated with the student's learning…

Premadasa, H. K. Salinda; Meegama, R. Gayan N.

2013-01-01

248

Introduction Angluin's Learning Approach Learning Design Models Dedicated Tool: Smyle Conclusion Replaying Play-In Play-Out  

E-print Network

;Introduction Angluin's Learning Approach Learning Design Models Dedicated Tool: Smyle Conclusion Motivation;Introduction Angluin's Learning Approach Learning Design Models Dedicated Tool: Smyle Conclusion Motivation's Learning Approach Learning Design Models Dedicated Tool: Smyle Conclusion Motivation Requirements

Ábrahám, Erika

249

Literature on the safe and disruptive learning potential of mobile technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Worldwide growth in use of mobile phones has fostered the emergence of mobile learning. Mobile technologies are used both in classrooms to support instruction (safe) and as tools that significantly change instructional activities, learner roles, and learning location (disruptive). Learners become less consumers of information and more collaborators, researchers, and publishers on?the?go (Stead, 2006). Scholarship in m?learning is scarce and

Tiffany A. Koszalka

2010-01-01

250

Improving the quality of student learning: the influence of learning context and student approaches to learning on learning outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies of the relationship between perceptions and\\/or evaluations of the learning environment and approaches to study have either not included measures of students' learning outcomes, or have included quantitative differences and not qualitative differences in learning outcomes. The studies reported in this paper focus on the relationship between qualitative differences in learning outcomes, perceptions\\/evaluations of the learning environment and

Keith Trigwell; Michael Prosser

1991-01-01

251

Lessons Learned From 104 Years of Mobile Observatories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As the oceanographic community ventures into a new era of integrated observatories, it may be helpful to look back on the era of "mobile observatories" to see what Cyberinfrastructure lessons might be learned. For example, SIO has been operating research vessels for 104 years, supporting a wide range of disciplines: marine geology and geophysics, physical oceanography, geochemistry, biology, seismology, ecology, fisheries, and acoustics. In the last 6 years progress has been made with diverse data types, formats and media, resulting in a fully-searchable online SIOExplorer Digital Library of more than 800 cruises (http://SIOExplorer.ucsd.edu). Public access to SIOExplorer is considerable, with 795,351 files (206 GB) downloaded last year. During the last 3 years the efforts have been extended to WHOI, with a "Multi-Institution Testbed for Scalable Digital Archiving" funded by the Library of Congress and NSF (IIS 0455998). The project has created a prototype digital library of data from both institutions, including cruises, Alvin submersible dives, and ROVs. In the process, the team encountered technical and cultural issues that will be facing the observatory community in the near future. Technological Lessons Learned: Shipboard data from multiple institutions are extraordinarily diverse, and provide a good training ground for observatories. Data are gathered from a wide range of authorities, laboratories, servers and media, with little documentation. Conflicting versions exist, generated by alternative processes. Domain- and institution-specific issues were addressed during initial staging. Data files were categorized and metadata harvested with automated procedures. With our second-generation approach to staging, we achieve higher levels of automation with greater use of controlled vocabularies. Database and XML- based procedures deal with the diversity of raw metadata values and map them to agreed-upon standard values, in collaboration with the Marine Metadata Interoperability (MMI) community. All objects are tagged with an expert level, thus serving an educational audience, as well as research users. After staging, publication into the digital library is completely automated. The technical challenges have been largely overcome, thanks to a scalable, federated digital library architecture from the San Diego Supercomputer Center, implemented at SIO, WHOI and other sites. The metadata design is flexible, supporting modular blocks of metadata tailored to the needs of instruments, samples, documents, derived products, cruises or dives, as appropriate. Controlled metadata vocabularies, with content and definitions negotiated by all parties, are critical. Metadata may be mapped to required external standards and formats, as needed. Cultural Lessons Learned: The cultural challenges have been more formidable than expected. They became most apparent during attempts to categorize and stage digital data objects across two institutions, each with their own naming conventions and practices, generally undocumented, and evolving across decades. Whether the questions concerned data ownership, collection techniques, data diversity or institutional practices, the solution involved a joint discussion with scientists, data managers, technicians and archivists, working together. Because metadata discussions go on endlessly, significant benefit comes from dictionaries with definitions of all community-authorized metadata values.

Miller, S. P.; Clark, P. D.; Neiswender, C.; Raymond, L.; Rioux, M.; Norton, C.; Detrick, R.; Helly, J.; Sutton, D.; Weatherford, J.

2007-12-01

252

Spatial and context awareness for mobile learning in a museum  

E-print Network

The MOBIlearn project aims to develop a re-usable architecture for delivering mobile learning experiences. A key component of this architecture is a context-awareness subsystem that is intended to tailor the content and options made available to a learner, depending on their current situation, preferences, and learning history. The context awareness subsystem has been developed alongside a hierarchical model of context, and has been subjected to formative evaluation. A major input to the context awareness system comes from an ultrasound tracking system that has been developed at the University of Birmingham. This tracking system is being deployed along with the context awareness system to support learners in a visit to an art museum. The system is intended to offer not only content but also recommendations of collaborative activities based on physical and contextual proximity We describe our system and outline our plans for evaluation in the museum setting.

Peter Lonsdale; Will Byrne; Russell Beale; Mike Sharples; Chris Baber

253

A Behavior-based Approach for Multi-agent Q-learning for Autonomous Exploration  

E-print Network

The use of mobile robots is being popular over the world mainly for autonomous explorations in hazardous/ toxic or unknown environments. This exploration will be more effective and efficient if the explorations in unknown environment can be aided with the learning from past experiences. Currently reinforcement learning is getting more acceptances for implementing learning in robots from the system-environment interactions. This learning can be implemented using the concept of both single-agent and multiagent. This paper describes such a multiagent approach for implementing a type of reinforcement learning using a priority based behaviour-based architecture. This proposed methodology has been successfully tested in both indoor and outdoor environments.

Ray, Dip Narayan; Mukhopadhyay, Sumit

2011-01-01

254

An Idiotypic Immune Network as a Short Term Learning Architecture for Mobile Robots  

E-print Network

A combined Short-Term Learning (STL) and Long-Term Learning (LTL) approach to solving mobile robot navigation problems is presented and tested in both real and simulated environments. The LTL consists of rapid simulations that use a Genetic Algorithm to derive diverse sets of behaviours. These sets are then transferred to an idiotypic Artificial Immune System (AIS), which forms the STL phase, and the system is said to be seeded. The combined LTL-STL approach is compared with using STL only, and with using a handdesigned controller. In addition, the STL phase is tested when the idiotypic mechanism is turned off. The results provide substantial evidence that the best option is the seeded idiotypic system, i.e. the architecture that merges LTL with an idiotypic AIS for the STL. They also show that structurally different environments can be used for the two phases without compromising transferability

Whitbrook, Amanda; Garibaldi, Jonathan M

2009-01-01

255

A mobile e-learning environment for developing countries: the Bangladesh Virtual Interactive Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports a project working to improve distance education in Bangladesh by means of a low-cost, large-scale interactive learning environment using video, mobile phones, SMS-based tools administered in a learning management system, and innovative pedagogy based on the student-centered learning model. The paper addresses the question of how to use existing mobile telephony technical infrastructure to create interactive learning

Åke Grönlund; Yousuf M. Islam

2010-01-01

256

PREPARATION OF PAPERS FOR THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES IN LEARNING Contextual Mobile Learning Strongly Related to  

E-print Network

known as "Just-in-time learning", "learning by doing", "learning and doing", constitutes an important - Electronic Performance Support System [12] and our objective is to integrate learning in professional-learning approach and preliminary training performed in a serious game approach based on typical action scenarios

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

257

A managerial approach of visual features in mobile robot SLAM  

Microsoft Academic Search

A managerial approach of features for mobile robot Simultaneous Localization and Mapping with visual sensor is proposed in this paper. The regular pattern of features matching in image sequence which is obtained in the moving process of robot was researched. Based on the regular pattern, the features of good quality which could be matched continuously were reserved, and the bad

Yuquan Wang; Yongzhong Zhang

2011-01-01

258

System Design Approach To Power Aware Mobile Computers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a system level design approach to power awareness in the wearable computers project at Carnegie Mellon University. The paper identifies the major components of power consumption in a mobile computer, evaluates their respective contributions to power consumption, and analyzes various techniques for improving their energy efficiency. The paper describes our research framework and experimental evaluations of techniques

Jolin M. Warren; Thomas L. Martin; Asim Smailagic; Daniel P. Siewiorek

2003-01-01

259

A Learning Approach to Personalized Information Filtering  

Microsoft Academic Search

A personalized information filtering system must specialize to current interests of the userand adapt as they change over time. It must also explore newer domains for potentiallyinteresting information.A learning approach to building personalized information filtering systems is proposed.The system is designed as a collection of information filtering interface agents. InterfaceAgents are intelligent and autonomous computer programs which learn users\\

Beerud Dilip Sheth

1994-01-01

260

Understanding Observational Learning: An Interbehavioral Approach  

PubMed Central

Observational learning is an important area in the field of psychology and behavior science more generally. Given this, it is essential that behavior analysts articulate a sound theory of how behavior change occurs through observation. This paper begins with an overview of seminal research in the area of observational learning, followed by a consideration of common behavior analytic conceptualizations of these findings. The interbehavioral perspective is then outlined, shedding light on some difficulties with the existing behavior analytic approaches. The implications of embracing the interbehavioral perspective for understanding the most complex sorts of behavior, including those involved in observational learning are considered. PMID:22532764

Fryling, Mitch J; Johnston, Cristin; Hayes, Linda J

2011-01-01

261

Mobile and Online Learning Journal: Effects on Apprentices' Reflection in Vocational Education and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While learning journals (LJs) have been shown to support self-regulated learning strategies, reflection and learning outcomes in academic contexts, few studies have investigated their relevance in vocational education. A mobile and online learning journal (MOLJ) was developed to support reflection on workplace experiences. However, acceptance of…

Mauroux, Laetitia; Könings, Karen D.; Zufferey, Jessica Dehler; Gurtner, Jean-Luc

2014-01-01

262

Pre-Service English Teachers in Blended Learning Environment in Respect to Their Learning Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Blended learning environment (BLE) is increasingly used in the world, especially in university degrees and it is based on integrating web-based learning and face-to-face (FTF) learning environments. Besides integrating different learning environments, BLE also addresses to students with different learning approaches. The "learning approach

Yilmaz, M. Betul; Orhan, Feza

2010-01-01

263

A Weighted Approach to Partial Matching for Mobile Reasoning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Due to significant improvements in the capabilities of small devices such as PDAs and smart phones, these devices can not only consume but also provide Web Services. The dynamic nature of mobile environment means that users need accurate and fast approaches for service discovery. In order achieve high accuracy semantic languages can be used in conjunction with logic reasoners. Since powerful broker nodes are not always available (due to lack of long range connectivity), create a bottleneck (since mobile devices are all trying to access the same server) and single point of failure (in the case that a central server fails), on-board mobile reasoning must be supported. However, reasoners are notoriously resource intensive and do not scale to small devices. Therefore, in this paper we provide an efficient mobile reasoner which relaxes the current strict and complete matching approaches to support anytime reasoning. Our approach matches the most important request conditions (deemed by the user) first and provides a degree of match and confidence result to the user. We provide a prototype implementation and performance evaluation of our work.

Steller, Luke Albert; Krishnaswamy, Shonali; Gaber, Mohamed Methat

264

Education in the wild: contextual and location-based mobile learning in action  

E-print Network

Education in the wild: contextual and location-based mobile learning in action A report from Author manuscript, published in "Education in the wild: contextual and location-based mobile learning), Education, and Psychology, as well as expertise from other disciplines. The Education in the Wild workshop

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

265

Exploring the Moderating Role of Perceived Flexibility Advantages in Mobile Learning Continuance Intention (MLCI)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of this study was to explore the key factors that could affect mobile learning continuance intention (MLCI), and examine the moderating effect of perceived flexibility advantages (PFA) on the relationship between key mobile learning elements and continuance intention. Five hundred undergraduate students who had previously…

Huang, Rui-Ting; Hsiao, Chia-Hua; Tang, Tzy-Wen; Lien, Tsung-Cheng

2014-01-01

266

Conjoint Analysis for Mobile Devices for Ubiquitous Learning in Higher Education: The Korean Case  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the increasing importance of mobile devices in education, the essential features of these devices for ubiquitous learning have not been empirically addressed. This study empirically investigated the necessary conditions for using mobile devices as an educational tool for ubiquitous learning in higher education by a conjoint method. The…

Lee, Hyeongjik

2013-01-01

267

Using Mobile Phones to Promote Lifelong Learning among Rural Women in Southern India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is an attempt to study the role of mobile phones in the non-formal and informal context among rural women from resource poor communities. In particular, it focuses on the women's control over the mobile phone as a learning tool through the domestication of technologies. The distance learning, gender dimensions, and use of technologies…

Balasubramanian, K.; Thamizoli, P.; Umar, Abdurrahman; Kanwar, Asha

2010-01-01

268

Ubiquitous Learning Website: Scaffold Learners by Mobile Devices with Information-Aware Techniques  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The portability and immediate communication properties of mobile devices influence the learning processes in interacting with peers, accessing resources and transferring data. For example, the short message and browsing functions in a cell phone provide users with timely and adaptive information access. Although many studies of mobile learning…

Chen, G. D.; Chang, C. K.; Wang, C. Y.

2008-01-01

269

Exploring College Students' Attitudes and Self-Efficacy of Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous studies have indicated that computers and the internet play very important roles in students' acceptance and use of new information technology. In recent years, with the rapid development of mobile technology, mobile learning (m-learning) has becoming another popular topic. However, little is known about the students' attitudes and…

Yang, Shih-hsien

2012-01-01

270

English Language Learners' Reading Self-Efficacy and Achievement Using 1:1 Mobile Learning Devices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Handheld technology devices allow users to be mobile and access the Internet, personal data, and third-party content applications in many different environments at the users' convenience. The explosion of these mobile learning devices around the globe has led adults to value them for communication, productivity, and learning. Outside of the school…

Walters, Jennifer L.

2012-01-01

271

Cognitive and affective effects of learning History by playing a mobile game  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we report on research into a mobile game about medieval Amsterdam. The objectives of the paper are to generate insights into how mobile game-based learning in secondary education affects pupils' knowledge of medieval Amsterdam, their motivation for History and for the subject of Middle Ages, and their attitude towards collaborative learning. We investigated the effects of a

Jantina Huizenga; Wilfried Admiraal; Sanne Akkerman; Dam ten G. T. M

2008-01-01

272

ExplanationBased Learning for Mobile Robot Perception Tom M. Mitchell  

E-print Network

Explanation­Based Learning for Mobile Robot Perception Tom M. Mitchell Joseph O'Sullivan 1. In these experiments, a mobile robot traveling down a hallway corridor learns to recognize distant doors based on color that recognizes nearby doors, and a second network that predicts the state of the world after travelling forward

Thrun, Sebastian

273

Exploring the relationship between urbanized Malaysian youth and their mobile phones: A quantitative approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile phones have become a ubiquitous consumer item. This paper aims to explore mobile phone usage, extending work beyond teenage years to examine the role of mobile phones among urbanized Malaysian youth, specifically university students. Four main categories were identified, namely, mobile phone purchasing factors and reasons to use, mobile phone usage and also behavioural issues. A mixed-mode approach involving

Vimala Balakrishnan; Ram Gopal Raj

274

Technology Integration: Mobile Devices (iPods), Constructivist Pedagogy, and Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although mobile technology is still evolving with most mobile devices supporting numerous communications and technology standards, there are currently very few applications of these devices to support teaching and learning activities. Integrated appropriately, mobile devices could help students acquire the skills needed to survive in a complex,…

Keengwe, Jared; Pearson, Donna; Smart, Kathy

2009-01-01

275

Software Analytics for Mobile Applications Insights & Lessons Learned Roberto Minelli and Michele Lanza  

E-print Network

investigating a corpus of mobile applications. Our findings reveal that apps differ significantly from; mining software repositories; I. Introduction Mobile applications, also known as apps, are softwareSoftware Analytics for Mobile Applications ­ Insights & Lessons Learned Roberto Minelli and Michele

Lanza, Michele

276

Active Localization of People with a Mobile Robot Based on Learned Motion Behaviors  

E-print Network

Active Localization of People with a Mobile Robot Based on Learned Motion Behaviors Maren Bennewitz, Germany Abstract Mobile robots that provide service to people can carry out their tasks more efficiently belief about the current locations of people in the environment of a mobile robot. We assume

Teschner, Matthias

277

TsoiChem: A Mobile Application to Facilitate Student Learning in Organic Chemistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile devices, such as the iPhone, are potentially powerful learning tools, with their touch screen capabilities and highly interactive and engaging applications available for download. The dependence of today's student on mobile devices also contributes to the possibility of increased student engagement and time-on-task - both factors in student success. This paper describes the development of a mobile application (app)

Mai Yin Tsoi; Sonal Dekhane

2011-01-01

278

Development and Evaluation of an Interactive Mobile Learning Environment with Shared Display Groupware  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When using mobile devices in support of learning activities, students gain mobility, but problems arise when group members share information. The small size of the mobile device screen becomes problematic when it is being used by two or more students to share and exchange information. This problem affects interactions among group members. To…

Yang, Jie Chi; Lin, Yi Lung

2010-01-01

279

Encouraging a deep approach to learning through curriculum design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accounting educators are concerned by research suggesting that accounting students frequently adopt a surface approach to learning given that this approach has been shown to result in undesirable learning outcomes (Eley, 1992; Booth et al., 1999). Despite mixed empirical evidence, the possibility of encouraging students to adopt a deep approach to learning through interventions in the learning context is suggested

Linda English; Peter Luckett; Rosina Mladenovic

2004-01-01

280

A Grey-box Approach for Automated GUI-Model Generation of Mobile Applications  

E-print Network

, and mobile applications, or mobile apps for short, on this platform tend to be faulty just like other types of software, there is a growing need for automated testing techniques for mobile apps. Model- based testing grey-box approach for automatically extracting a model of a given mobile app. In our approach, static

Xie, Tao

281

Transformative Learning Approaches for Public Relations Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public relations educators are frequently challenged by students' flawed perceptions of public relations. Two contrasting case studies are presented in this paper to illustrate how socially-oriented paradigms may be applied to a real-client project to deliver a transformative learning experience. A discourse-analytic approach is applied…

Motion, Judy; Burgess, Lois

2014-01-01

282

A Mixed Learning Approach in Mechatronics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to investigate the effect of a Web-based mixed learning approach model on mechatronics education. The model combines different perception methods such as reading, listening, and speaking and practice methods developed in accordance with the vocational background of students enrolled in the course Electromechanical Systems in…

Yilmaz, O.; Tuncalp, K.

2011-01-01

283

The Flexible Learning Approach to Physics (FLAP)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Flexible Learning Approach to Physics (FLAP) is an extensive, high quality, supported self-study teaching resource, developed on behalf of the whole UK university sector. FLAP addresses the twin problems of an increasing diversity of intake into physics degree courses and their decreasing familiarity with the use of mathematics in a physical context. It has been developed over a three

R. J. Lambourne; M. H. Tinker; S. A. Windsor

1997-01-01

284

Learning Programs: A Hierarchical Bayesian Approach  

E-print Network

Learning Programs: A Hierarchical Bayesian Approach ICML - Haifa, Israel June 24, 2010 Percy Liang Michael I. Jordan Dan Klein #12;Motivating Application: Repetitive Text Editing I like programs, but I wish programs would just program themselves since I don't like programming. = I like programs

Pratt, Vaughan

285

Two-Timescale Learning Using Idiotypic Behaviour Mediation For A Navigating Mobile Robot  

E-print Network

A combined Short-Term Learning (STL) and Long-Term Learning (LTL) approach to solving mobile-robot navigation problems is presented and tested in both the real and virtual domains. The LTL phase consists of rapid simulations that use a Genetic Algorithm to derive diverse sets of behaviours, encoded as variable sets of attributes, and the STL phase is an idiotypic Artificial Immune System. Results from the LTL phase show that sets of behaviours develop very rapidly, and significantly greater diversity is obtained when multiple autonomous populations are used, rather than a single one. The architecture is assessed under various scenarios, including removal of the LTL phase and switching off the idiotypic mechanism in the STL phase. The comparisons provide substantial evidence that the best option is the inclusion of both the LTL phase and the idiotypic system. In addition, this paper shows that structurally different environments can be used for the two phases without compromising transferability.

Whitbrook, Amanda; Garibaldi, Jonathan M

2010-01-01

286

Approaching the limit of predictability in human mobility.  

PubMed

In this study we analyze the travel patterns of 500,000 individuals in Cote d'Ivoire using mobile phone call data records. By measuring the uncertainties of movements using entropy, considering both the frequencies and temporal correlations of individual trajectories, we find that the theoretical maximum predictability is as high as 88%. To verify whether such a theoretical limit can be approached, we implement a series of Markov chain (MC) based models to predict the actual locations visited by each user. Results show that MC models can produce a prediction accuracy of 87% for stationary trajectories and 95% for non-stationary trajectories. Our findings indicate that human mobility is highly dependent on historical behaviors, and that the maximum predictability is not only a fundamental theoretical limit for potential predictive power, but also an approachable target for actual prediction accuracy. PMID:24113276

Lu, Xin; Wetter, Erik; Bharti, Nita; Tatem, Andrew J; Bengtsson, Linus

2013-01-01

287

Approaching the Limit of Predictability in Human Mobility  

PubMed Central

In this study we analyze the travel patterns of 500,000 individuals in Cote d'Ivoire using mobile phone call data records. By measuring the uncertainties of movements using entropy, considering both the frequencies and temporal correlations of individual trajectories, we find that the theoretical maximum predictability is as high as 88%. To verify whether such a theoretical limit can be approached, we implement a series of Markov chain (MC) based models to predict the actual locations visited by each user. Results show that MC models can produce a prediction accuracy of 87% for stationary trajectories and 95% for non-stationary trajectories. Our findings indicate that human mobility is highly dependent on historical behaviors, and that the maximum predictability is not only a fundamental theoretical limit for potential predictive power, but also an approachable target for actual prediction accuracy. PMID:24113276

Lu, Xin; Wetter, Erik; Bharti, Nita; Tatem, Andrew J.; Bengtsson, Linus

2013-01-01

288

The Contrivance of Mobile Learning: An Actor-Network Perspective on the Emergence of a Research Field  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ongoing development of mobile devices like cell phones, iPods, PDAs, and so on is seen by an increasing number of educationalists as a chance to focus on a new kind of learning. This mobile learning, as it is called, should enable students to learn while on the move. Rather than giving a genealogy of the use of mobile equipment in education,…

Decuypere, Mathias; Simons, Maarten; Masschelein, Jan

2011-01-01

289

Supporting vocabulary growth of high school students: An analysis of the potential of a mobile learning device and gaming app  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this dissertation was to explore the educational benefits of using an app on a mobile device (i.e. iPod Touch) to aid in the process of high school students' learning. The emphasis of this study explored the possibilities of learning vocabulary using a mobile device in an informal environment. Mobile devices embrace and encourage ubiquitous learning through their

Jennifer Redd

2011-01-01

290

Bridging the Gaps between Learning and Teaching through Recognition of Students' Learning Approaches: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning approaches, learning methods and learning environments have different effects on students? academic performance. However, they are not the sole factors that impact students? academic achievement. The aims of this research are three-fold: to determine the learning approaches preferred by most students and the impact of the learning…

Malie, Senian; Akir, Oriah

2012-01-01

291

Using Mobile Technologies for Assessment and Learning in Practice Settings: Outcomes of Five Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the outcomes of the Mobile Technologies Pilot Project for the Assessment and Learning in Practice Settings (ALPS) Centre for Excellence in Teaching and Learning (CETL). ALPS is a partnership of five Higher Education Institutions (HEI) that aims to develop and improve assessment, and thereby learning, in practice settings for…

Dearnley, Christine; Taylor, Jill; Hennessy, Scott; Parks, Maria; Coates, Catherine; Haigh, Jackie; Fairhall, John; Riley, Kevin; Dransfield, Mark

2009-01-01

292

Developing a Mobile Learning Solution for Health and Social Care Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we share our experiences of a large-scale five-year innovative programme to introduce mobile learning into health and social care (H&SC) practice placement learning and assessment that bridges the divide between the university classroom and the practice setting in which these students learn. The outputs are from the Assessment &…

Taylor, J. D.; Dearnley, C. A.; Laxton, J. C.; Coates, C. A.; Treasure-Jones, T.; Campbell, R.; Hall, I.

2010-01-01

293

Structuring and Regulating Collaborative Learning in Higher Education with Wireless Networks and Mobile Tools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In our recent research we have explored possibilities to scaffold collaborative learning in higher education with wireless networks and mobile tools. The pedagogical ideas are grounded on concepts of collaborative learning, including the socially shared origin of cognition, as well as self-regulated learning theory. This paper presents our three…

Jarvela, Sanna; Naykki, Piia; Laru, Jari; Luokkanen, Tiina

2007-01-01

294

Multiplatform E-Learning Systems and Technologies: Mobile Devices for Ubiquitous ICT-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiplatform e-learning systems are emerging technologies that provide integrated learning content to various accessing devices. This book addresses technical challenges, design frameworks, and development experiences of the future that integrate multiple mobile devices into a single multiplatform e-learning system. With expert international…

Goh, Tiong Thye, Ed.

2010-01-01

295

Relating Pre-Service Teachers' Approaches to Learning and Preferences for Constructivist Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within two Flemish institutes of pre-service and inservice teacher education, the relationship between the learning styles and preferences for learning environments of pre-service teachers were examined. Results indicate that some components of pre-service teachers' learning approaches (learning conceptions, learning strategies and learning…

Van Petegem, Peter; Donche, Vincent; Vanhoof, Jan

2005-01-01

296

An Extensible MetaLearning Approach for Scalable and Accurate Inductive Learning  

E-print Network

An Extensible Meta�Learning Approach for Scalable and Accurate Inductive Learning Philip Kin RIGHTS RESERVED #12; ABSTRACT An Extensible Meta�Learning Approach for Scalable and Accurate Inductive propose, investigate, and evaluate a meta�learning approach to integrating the results of multiple

297

Understanding Fatty Acid Metabolism through an Active Learning Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A multi-method active learning approach (MALA) was implemented in the Medical Biochemistry teaching unit of the Biomedical Sciences degree at the University of Aveiro, using problem-based learning as the main learning approach. In this type of learning strategy, students are involved beyond the mere exercise of being taught by listening. Less…

Fardilha, M.; Schrader, M.; da Cruz e Silva, O. A. B.; da Cruz e Silva, E. F.

2010-01-01

298

An effective trace-guided wavefront navigation and map-building approach for autonomous mobile robots  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper aims to address a trace-guided real-time navigation and map building approach of an autonomous mobile robot. Wave-front based global path planner is developed to generate a global trajectory for an autonomous mobile robot. Modified Vector Field Histogram (M-VFH) is employed based on the LIDAR sensor information to guide the robot locally to be autonomously traversed with obstacle avoidance by following traces provided by the global path planner. A local map composed of square grids is created through the local navigator while the robot traverses with limited LIDAR sensory information. From the measured sensory information, a map of the robot's immediate limited surroundings is dynamically built for the robot navigation. The real-time wave-front based navigation and map building methodology has been successfully demonstrated in a Player/Stage simulation environment. With the wave-front-based global path planner and M-VFH local navigator, a safe, short, and reasonable trajectory is successfully planned in a majority of situations without any templates, without explicitly optimizing any global cost functions, and without any learning procedures. Its effectiveness, feasibility, efficiency and simplicity of the proposed real-time navigation and map building of an autonomous mobile robot have been successfully validated by simulation and comparison studies. Comparison studies of the proposed approach with the other path planning approaches demonstrate that the proposed method is capable of planning more reasonable and shorter collision-free trajectories autonomously.

Luo, Chaomin; Krishnan, Mohan; Paulik, Mark; Jan, Gene Eu

2013-12-01

299

Mobile Learning in Maths Teacher Education: Using iPads to Support Pre-Service Teachers' Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An emerging body of literature explores mobile learning in teacher education contexts. A common theme is the facilitation of collaborative, authentic professional learning experiences, often leveraged by the immediate and spontaneous nature of learning in informal settings. This paper takes a snapshot of current developments with mobile learning…

Kearney, Matthew; Maher, Damian

2013-01-01

300

Participatory Evaluation: Implications for Improving Electronic Learning and Teaching Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the participatory approach used by a group of academic support staff in evaluating an academic professional development resource designed to support e-learning and teaching. The resource, titled Designing Electronic Learning and Teaching Approaches (DELTA), showcases examples of electronic learning and teaching approaches…

Benson, Robyn; Samarawickrema, Gayani; O'Connell, Margaret

2009-01-01

301

A Mobile Agent Approach for Ubiquitous and Personalized eHealth Information Systems  

E-print Network

A Mobile Agent Approach for Ubiquitous and Personalized eHealth Information Systems Panagiotis address- ing different applications of mobile and ubiquitous eHealth issues, ranging from doctor mobility into an integrated system. Many issues that are crucial for the deployment of an integrated ubiquitous mobile health

Grasso, Floriana

302

A Responsive Design Approach for Supporting Mobile Access to Virtual and Remote Laboratories  

E-print Network

on developing device-dependent mobile apps for accessing the experiment(s) of the original remote or virtual lab of the same mobile app that meets the specific technical requirements of each mobile device. In this paper, we aim to address this issue by adopting a responsive design approach for developing mobile web apps

Bey, Isabelle

303

Locomotion Approach of REMORA: a REonfigurable MObile Robot for manufacturing Applications  

E-print Network

Locomotion Approach of REMORA: a REonfigurable MObile Robot for manufacturing Applications Hai Yang stationary-base robots cannot be used. Therefore, the concept of mobile manipulator, classical serial robot of the base could be provided by linear guide ways [4], [5], wheeled mobile robots [6] or tracked mobile

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

304

Mobile Assisted Language Learning in University EFL Courses in Japan: Developing Attitudes and Skills for Self-Regulated Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports a project in which researchers at universities in Japan explored the use of Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALL) practices by developing a learning module intended to help improve students' scores on the TOEIC Listening and Reading Tests. MALL practices are currently being developed at universities in Japan because almost…

Kondo, Mutsumi; Ishikawa, Yasushige; Smith, Craig; Sakamoto, Kishio; Shimomura, Hidenori; Wada, Norihisa

2012-01-01

305

Mobile Microblogging: Using Twitter and Mobile Devices in an Online Course to Promote Learning in Authentic Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research applied a mixed-method design to explore how best to promote learning in authentic contexts in an online graduate course in instructional message design. The students used Twitter apps on their mobile devices to collect, share, and comment on authentic design examples found in their daily lives. The data sources included tweets…

Hsu, Yu-Chang; Ching, Yu-Hui

2012-01-01

306

UMTS: a middleware architecture and mobile API approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ongoing European ACTS project OnTheMove provides support services for distributed mobile multimedia applications. The project defines, implements, and demonstrates a mobile middleware called a Mobile Application Support Environment (MASE) which is based on UMTS concepts. The mobile application programming interface (mobile API) of MASE, which will be submitted for standardization, allows common access to the underlying operating systems and

Birgit Kreller; A. S.-B. Park; J. Meggers; G. Forsgren; E. Kovacs; M. Rosinus

1998-01-01

307

Developing a Mobile Learning Environment to Support Virtual Education Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning communities gained attention in 1984 after the publication of the "Involvement in Learning" report, which was sponsored by the U.S. Education Department. The authors of the report stated that active engagement in learning processes enhances learning and leads to two fundamental principles: (1) The amount of student learning and personal…

Heath, Barbara; Herman, Russell; Lugo, Gabriel; Reeves, James; Vetter, Ron; Ward, Charles R.

2005-01-01

308

Mobile payments : what we can learn from the past  

E-print Network

Over the last decade, there has been a proliferation of mobile payments systems (MPS). Close to 150 MPS currently exist in the world according to the Bank for International Settlement records (BIS). Mobile payments (MP) ...

Priso, Gladys (Gladys Emilie)

2006-01-01

309

A Qualitative Approach to Mobile Robot Navigation Using RFID  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) system allows automatic identification of items with RFID tags using radio-waves. As the RFID tag has its unique identification number, it is also possible to detect a specific region where the RFID tag lies in. Recently it is widely been used in mobile robot navigation, localization, and mapping both in indoor and outdoor environment. This paper represents a navigation strategy for autonomous mobile robot using passive RFID system. Conventional approaches, such as landmark or dead-reckoning with excessive number of sensors, have complexities in establishing the navigation and localization process. The proposed method satisfies less complexity in navigation strategy as well as estimation of not only the position but also the orientation of the autonomous robot. In this research, polar coordinate system is adopted on the navigation surface where RFID tags are places in a grid with constant displacements. This paper also presents the performance comparisons among various grid architectures through simulation to establish a better solution of the navigation system. In addition, some stationary obstacles are introduced in the navigation environment to satisfy the viability of the navigation process of the autonomous mobile robot.

Hossain, M.; Rashid, M. M.; Bhuiyan, M. M. I.; Ahmed, S.; Akhtaruzzaman, M.

2013-12-01

310

Exploring Display Techniques for Mobile Collaborative Learning in Developing Regions  

E-print Network

Language) education in a developing region: (1) Mobile Single Display Groupware: a pico-projector connected cell phone-based solutions for augmenting education. The mobility fostered by cell phones allows [10,15], providing evidence supporting the value of mobile technology for education, it has typically

Toronto, University of

311

Translation of associative learning models into extinction reminders delivered via mobile phones during cue exposure interventions for substance use.  

PubMed

Despite experimental findings and some treatment research supporting the use of cues as a means to induce and extinguish cravings, interventions using cue exposure have not been well integrated into contemporary substance abuse treatments. A primary problem with exposure-based interventions for addiction is that after learning not to use substances in the presence of addiction cues inside the clinic (i.e., extinction), stimuli in the naturalistic setting outside the clinic may continue to elicit craving, drug use, or other maladaptive conditioned responses. For exposure-based substance use interventions to be efficacious, new approaches are needed that can prevent relapse by directly generalizing learning from the therapeutic setting into naturalistic settings associated with a high risk for relapse. Basic research suggests that extinction reminders (ERs) can be paired with the context of learning new and more adaptive conditioned responses to substance abuse cues in exposure therapies for addiction. Using mobile phones and automated dialing and data collection software, ERs can be delivered in everyday high-risk settings to inhibit conditioned responses to substance-use-related stimuli. In this review, we describe how associative learning mechanisms (e.g., conditioned inhibition) can inform how ERs are conceptualized, learned, and implemented to prevent substance use when delivered via mobile phones. This approach, exposure with portable reminders of extinction, is introduced as an adjunctive intervention that uses brief automated ERs between clinic visits when individuals are in high-risk settings for drug use. PMID:25134055

Rosenthal, M Zachary; Kutlu, Munir G

2014-09-01

312

Approaches to learning and study orchestrations in high school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the framework of the SAL (Students’ approaches to learning) poosition, the learning experience (approaches to learning\\u000a and study orchestrations) of 572 high school students was explored, examining its interrelationships with some personal and\\u000a familial variables. Three major results emerged. First, links were found between family’s intellectual climate and students’\\u000a approaches to learning, in particular with Deep appraoch: The better

Francisco Cano

2007-01-01

313

Improving students' learning approaches through intervention in an information systems learning environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study is reported which aimed to improve the proportion of students using aspects of deep learning approaches in an undergraduate information systems (IS) subject. Underlying the study was relational learning research, which identified learning environment factors more likely to be perceived by students who adopted deep learning approaches. These factors were used to design, and refine over five years,

Chris Cope; Lorraine Staehr

2005-01-01

314

LEARNING AND MOTIVATION 15, 321-333 (1984) An Ecological Approach to Learning  

E-print Network

LEARNING AND MOTIVATION 15, 321-333 (1984) An Ecological Approach to Learning WILLIAM TIMBERLAKE Indiana University This paper introduces a special journal issue devoted to the study of learning in ecological and developmental contexts. In the past, the dominant approach to the study of learning has

Timberlake, William D.

315

Assessing Students' Development in Learning Approaches According to Initial Learning Profiles: A Person-Oriented Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research regarding the development of students' learning approaches have at times reported unexpected or lack of expected changes. The current study explores the idea of differential developments in learning approaches according to students' initial learning profiles as a possible explanation for these outcomes. A learning profile is conceived as…

Vanthournout, Gert; Coertjens, Liesje; Gijbels, David; Donche, Vincent; Van Petegem, Peter

2013-01-01

316

A social networking approach for mobile innovation in emerging countries  

E-print Network

Addressing the global challenges and the next billion mobile subscribers, the MIT NextLab course engages students, industry partners, entrepreneurs and the next billion mobile subscribers to develop innovative mobile ...

Yang, Jen-Hao, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01

317

Spring 2012 Distance Learning Class COT 6930 Android Mobile Component Development  

E-print Network

Spring 2012 ­ Distance Learning Class COT 6930 ­ Android Mobile Component Development Course Syllabus: Software tool and library development for the Android mobile platform using Java and XML, to facilitate rapid development of optimized Android applications. Text: Murphy, Mark L., The Busy Coder's Guide

Fernandez, Eduardo

318

What Have We Learnt about Mobile LifeLong Learning (mLLL)?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile technologies are becoming ubiquitous in education, yet the wider implications of this phenomenon are not well understood. The paper discusses how mobile lifelong learning (mLLL) may be defined, and the challenges of forging a suitable definition in an ever-shifting technological and socio-economic landscape. mLLL appears as a ubiquitous…

Seta, Luciano; Kukulska-Hulme, Agnes; Arrigo, Marco

2014-01-01

319

Learning Programming with IPRO: The Effects of a Mobile, Social Programming Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we present two studies examining how high school students learn to program in a mobile, social programming environment that we have developed and deployed ("IPRO"). IPRO is delivered, with an associated curriculum, as an iPod Touch app and is freely and publicly available. We find that the affordances of mobility and…

Martin, Taylor; Berland, Matthew; Benton, Tom; Smith, Carmen Petrick

2013-01-01

320

Offline web application and quiz synchronization for e-learning activity for mobile browser  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid growing of internet applications and users has led the improvement of mobile web browser technology and standards such as HTML5. Recently, HTML5 is turning to be a de facto standard after some of its features has been implemented in major mobile web browsers. Moodle as a web based Learning Management System (LMS) has been popular in academic environment for

Royyana M. Ijtihadie; Yoshifumi Chisaki; Tsuyoshi Usagawa; H. B. Cahyo; Achmad Affandi

2010-01-01

321

Students' Attitudes and Perceptions towards the Effectiveness of Mobile Learning in King Saud University, Saudi Arabia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main aim of this research study is to better understand and measure students' attitudes and perceptions towards the effectiveness of mobile learning. This paper reports on the results of a survey of one hundred eighty six undergraduate female students at King Saud University about their attitude and perception to the use of mobile technology…

Al-Fahad, Fahad N.

2009-01-01

322

Simultaneous Learning of Motion and Sensor Model Parameters for Mobile Robots  

E-print Network

Simultaneous Learning of Motion and Sensor Model Parameters for Mobile Robots Teddy N. Yap, Jr in current algorithms for mobile robot localization and map- ping. These models are typically provided and the operator's knowledge and experience with the robot and its operating environment. In this paper, we

Shelton, Christian R.

323

Simultaneous Learning of Motion and Sensor Model Parameters for Mobile Robots  

E-print Network

Simultaneous Learning of Motion and Sensor Model Parameters for Mobile Robots Teddy N. Yap, Jr in current algorithms for mobile robot localization and map­ ping. These models are typically provided and the operator's knowledge and experience with the robot and its operating environment. In this paper, we

Shelton, Christian R.

324

STUDENTS' ATTITUDES AND PERCEPTIONS TOWARDS THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MOBILE LEARNING IN KING SAUD UNIVERSITY, SAUDI ARABIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main aim of this research study is to better understand and measure students' attitudes and perceptions towards the effectiveness of mobile learning. This paper reports on the results of a survey of one hundred eighty six undergraduate female students at King Saud University about their attitude and perception to the use of mobile technology in education. An analysis of

Fahad N. Al-FAHAD

325

Implementing Glossing in Mobile-Assisted Language Learning Environments: Directions and Outlook  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While mobile technology, such as the touch-based smart-phone, has become part of our daily lives, research into and classroom practices surrounding mobile-assisted language learning (MALL) have generally not kept up with the pace of technological development. This situation may be caused in part by the fact that a considerable proportion of…

Lee, Hansol; Lee, Jang Ho

2013-01-01

326

A means of personalising learning: incorporating old and new literacies in the curriculum with mobile phones  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores a notion of ‘personalising learning’ which puts the learner at the centre, supported by mobile technology and teacher mediation. It reports a small study in the Northern Territory of Australia, with indigenous students who were given mobile camera phones to capture aspects of their everyday lives and bring them into school. It found that they created a

Elizabeth Hartnell-Young; Frank Vetere

2008-01-01

327

DOES IT MATTER WHO IS HOLDING THE PDA IN A MOBILE LEARNING EXPERIENCE?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile technologies, such as PDAs, are increasingly being used to create innovative mobile learning experiences for children. Collaboration around use of the PDA has been identified as a key benefit. In this paper we identify the issue of whether it matters who is holding the PDA, and in particular whether there are gender effects at play. We present a preliminary

Greg Hooper; Geraldine Fitzpatrick

328

Mobile English Learning: An Evidence-Based Study with Fifth Graders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three groups participated in a study on the added value of mobile technology for learning English as a second language for primary school students. The first group had classroom lessons in English about zoo animals and their characteristics. The second group took classroom lessons and worked with a mobile application on location in a public zoo.…

Sandberg, Jacobijn; Maris, Marinus; de Geus, Kaspar

2011-01-01

329

Mobile City and Language Guides--New Links between Formal and Informal Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the major challenges in second and foreign language education, is to create links between formal and informal learning environments. Mobile City and Language Guides present examples of theoretical and practical reflections on such links. This paper presents and discusses the first considerations of Mobile City and Language Guides in…

Bo-Kristensen, Mads; Ankerstjerne, Niels Ole; Neutzsky-Wulff, Chresteria; Schelde, Herluf

2009-01-01

330

Design, development, and assessment of mobile applications: the case for problem-based learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes efforts to develop a pedagogical environment that seeks to influence the learning experiences of students as mobile applications end users, developers, and decision makers. Specifically, via a collaborative effort involving industry sponsors, university technology services, and multiple academic units engaged in information technology education, a graduate-level course called Mobile Applications Development (MAD) was created. The core innovativeness

Anne P. Massey; V. Ramesh; Vijay Khatri

2006-01-01

331

Development of a Cross-Platform Ubiquitous Language Learning Service via Mobile Phone and Interactive Television  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the development processes for a cross-platform ubiquitous language learning service via interactive television (iTV) and mobile phone. Adapting a learner-centred design methodology, a number of requirements were gathered from multiple sources that were subsequently used in TAMALLE (television and mobile phone assisted language…

Fallahkhair, Sanaz; Pemberton, L.; Griffiths, R.

2007-01-01

332

Balance and Mobility Training for Older Adults: An Undergraduate Service-Learning Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a service learning program aimed at improving balance and mobility in a group of older adults from an independent living center while giving college students (mainly exercise and sport science majors) an opportunity to interact with this population. The program has resulted in improved balance and mobility for the older adults and…

Williams, Kathleen; Kovacs, Christopher

2001-01-01

333

Deep Structure Learning: Beyond Connectionist Approaches  

E-print Network

Abstract—Deep structure learning is a promising new area of work in the field of machine learning. Previous work in this area has shown impressive performance, but all of it has used connectionist models. We hope to demonstrate that the utility of deep architectures is not restricted to connectionist models. Our approach is to use simple, non-connectionist dimensionality reduction techniques in conjunction with a deep architecture to examine more precisely the impact of the deep architecture itself. To do this, we use standard PCA as a baseline and compare it with a deep architecture using PCA. We perform several image classification experiments using the features generated by the two techniques, and we conclude that the deep architecture leads to improved classification performance, supporting the deep structure hypothesis. I.

Ben Mitchell

334

Development of a Mobile Language Learning Assistant System Based on Smartphone  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the most important issues of the school education today is that learners are not able to apply their knowledge that they've learned from the classroom to their real life. Situated Learning Theory would be one of the best solutions to solve these problems. However, current methods which have been developed for instructional purpose until now don't seem to reflect Situated Learning Theory enough. It is vital to investigate better applicable methods that can be practiced in education field based on Situated Learning Theory. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to design and implement a Mobile Language Learning Assistant System using location awareness technology. This study has found that Mobile Language Learning Assistant System can be effectively utilized in providing authentic learning environment and also its future prospect is very bright according to the learner evaluation.

Kim, Jin-Il; Lee, Young-Hun; Lee, Hee-Hyol

335

Mobility Management Approaches for Mobile IP Networks: Performance Comparison and Use Recommendations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In wireless networks, efficient management of mobility is a crucial issue to support mobile users. The mobile Internet protocol (MIP) has been proposed to support global mobility in IP networks. Several mobility management strategies have been proposed which aim reducing the signaling traffic related to the Mobile Terminals (MTs) registration with the Home Agents (HAs) whenever their Care-of-Addresses (CoAs) change.

Nadjia Kara

2009-01-01

336

ccsd-00003940,version1-24Jan2005 Learning to automatically detect features for mobile robots using  

E-print Network

ccsd-00003940,version1-24Jan2005 Learning to automatically detect features for mobile robots using is well suited for interpretation of temporal se- quences of mobile-robot sensor data. We present two distinct experiments and results: the first one in an indoor environment where a mobile robot learns

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

337

A Journey of Learning Mathematics through Inside-Out Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper I discussed an episode of inside-out approach of learning mathematics that started from my deeply held values, feelings, thoughts, and experiences making them starting point of learning process. I was engaged in a brief learning session with a geometrical problem as context within the session. Data from video record of the learning…

Belbase, Shashidhar

2010-01-01

338

A Multistrategy Approach to Classifier Learning from Time Series  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an approach to inductive concept learning using multiple models for time series. Our objective is to improve the efficiency and accuracy of concept learning by decomposing learning tasks that admit multiple types of learning architectures and mixture estimation methods. The decomposition method adapts attribute subset selection and constructive induction (cluster defin ition) to define new subproblems. To these

William H. Hsu; Sylvian R. Ray; David C. Wilkins

2000-01-01

339

A Multistrategy Approach to Classifier Learning from Time Series  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an approach to inductive concept learning using multiple models for time series. Our objective is to improve the efficiency and accuracy of concept learning by decomposing learning tasks that admit multiple types of learning architectures and mixture estimation methods. The decomposition method adapts attribute subset selection and constructive induction (cluster definition) to define new subproblems. To these problem

William H. Hsu; Sylvian R. Ray; David C. Wilkins

2000-01-01

340

Machine Learning Approaches to Biological Sequence and Phenotype Data Analysis  

E-print Network

Machine Learning Approaches to Biological Sequence and Phenotype Data Analysis by Renqiang Min, I presented novel machine learning algorithms to reveal the underlying mechanisms of how genes on Kernel Support Vector Machines (SVMs), I proposed learned random-walk kernel and learned empirical

Bonner, Anthony

341

A MACHINE LEARNING APPROACH TO BIOCHEMICAL REACTION RULES DISCOVERY  

E-print Network

A MACHINE LEARNING APPROACH TO BIOCHEMICAL REACTION RULES DISCOVERY Laurence Calzone, Nathalie it possible to use machine learning techniques for completing or correcting biological models semi-automatically. Machine learning from tem- poral logic formulae is quite new however, both from the machine learning

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

342

Teaching to students' learning styles: approaches that work  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, successful approaches to teaching undergraduate physics and engineering students using strategies developed from two independent learning style models are described. The first learning style model described is the Dunn and Dunn Learning Style Model. The Dunn and Dunn Learning Style Model is employed with nonscience majors enrolled in introductory physics at American University. The second model described

Teresa L. Hein; Dan D. Budny

1999-01-01

343

Adaptive Sampling for Learning Gaussian Processes Using Mobile Sensor Networks  

PubMed Central

This paper presents a novel class of self-organizing sensing agents that adaptively learn an anisotropic, spatio-temporal Gaussian process using noisy measurements and move in order to improve the quality of the estimated covariance function. This approach is based on a class of anisotropic covariance functions of Gaussian processes introduced to model a broad range of spatio-temporal physical phenomena. The covariance function is assumed to be unknown a priori. Hence, it is estimated by the maximum a posteriori probability (MAP) estimator. The prediction of the field of interest is then obtained based on the MAP estimate of the covariance function. An optimal sampling strategy is proposed to minimize the information-theoretic cost function of the Fisher Information Matrix. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness and the adaptability of the proposed scheme. PMID:22163785

Xu, Yunfei; Choi, Jongeun

2011-01-01

344

Investigative Primary Science: A Problem-Based Learning Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports on the success of using a problem-based learning approach (PBL) as a pedagogical mode of learning open inquiry science within a traditional four-year undergraduate elementary teacher education program. In 2010, a problem-based learning approach to teaching primary science replaced the traditional content driven syllabus. During…

Etherington, Matthew B.

2011-01-01

345

Integrating Adult Learning and Technologies for Effective Education: Strategic Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As adult learners and educators pioneer the use of technology in the new century, attention has been focused on developing strategic approaches to effectively integrate adult learning and technology in different learning environments. "Integrating Adult Learning and Technologies for Effective Education: Strategic Approaches" provides innovative…

Wang, Victor C. X.

2010-01-01

346

Approaches to Learning and Study Orchestrations in High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the framework of the SAL (Students' approaches to learning) position, the learning experience (approaches to learning and study orchestrations) of 572 high school students was explored, examining its interrelationships with some personal and familial variables. Three major results emerged. First, links were found between family's intellectual…

Cano, Francisco

2007-01-01

347

Enhancing Learning Approaches in an Undergraduate Teacher Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study implemented contextual modifications in a preservice teacher education program to improve teaching and learning. The modifications were designed to increase students' use of deep approaches to learning and reduce their reliance on surface approaches. Because of how the teaching and learning environment was conceptualized, in accordance…

Gordon, Christopher; Debus, Ray

348

Adaptive Service-Oriented Mobile Applications: A Declarative Approach  

E-print Network

worldwide distributed mobile application. 1 Introduction Mobile applications, commonly referred to as apps, the development of mobile apps is characterized by an increased explicit This research has been funded by the EU for a specific platform (e.g., Android, iPhone, etc.), apps may be deployed on a plethora of different mobile

Cugola, Gianpaolo

349

Toward IP converged heterogeneous mobility: A network controlled approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Envisioning a future where mobile terminals equipped with one or more network devices are able to roam across wireless or wired networks, in a diverse macro and micro wireless cells environment, requires the development of enhanced methods to control IP-based mobility. These methods should consider traditional terminal mobility (mainly due to user movement) as well as mobility across heterogeneous networks

Telemaco Melia; Antonio De La Oliva; Albert Vidal; Ignacio Soto; Daniel Corujo; Rui L. Aguiar

2007-01-01

350

Mobile Learning for Expanding Educational Opportunities Workshop Report (Tokyo, Japan, May 16-20, 2005)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The International Workshop on Mobile Learning for Expanding Educational Opportunities was held 16-20 May 2005 in Tokyo, Japan. Jointly organized by the Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI) and UNESCO, speakers came from both the private and public sector. The key objective was to highlight the benefits of m-learning; and to provide specific…

Meleisea, Ellie, Ed.

2005-01-01

351

Effects of Cues and Real Objects on Learning in a Mobile Device Supported Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated whether arrow-line cues can improve the effectiveness and efficiency of learning in a mobile device supported learning environment on leaf morphology of plants, either with or without the use of real plants. A cued and un-cued condition, in which primary school students used text and pictures on a tablet PC, were compared…

Liu, Tzu-Chien; Lin, Yi-Chun; Paas, Fred

2013-01-01

352

A Comparison of Undergraduate Students' English Vocabulary Learning: Using Mobile Phones and Flash Cards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Knowing a foreign language has become crucial to reach information. Learning vocabulary is the fundamental step to learn a foreign language. New devices are invented everyday to fulfill the needs of citizens of the twenty-first century. Increased use of mobile phones has made them popular for not only communication, but also entertainment and…

Basoglu, Emrah Baki; Akdemir, Omur

2010-01-01

353

Control Model Learning for Whole-Body Mobile Manipulation Scott Kuindersma  

E-print Network

Control Model Learning for Whole-Body Mobile Manipulation Scott Kuindersma Computer Science an approximation, ^f, which we represent using a linear-Gaussian basis function model, st+1 = ^f(st, at) + W the model, we must provide or learn the weight matrix W and the ordered set of basis func- tions used

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

354

Using mobile communication technology in high school education: Motivation, pressure, and learning performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motivation and pressure are considered two factors impacting vocational senior high school student learning. New communication technology, especially mobile communication technology, is supposed to be effective in encouraging inter- action between the student and the instructor and improving learning efficiency. Social presence and information richness theory was applied to analyze the media and their impacts on the instruction process firstly.

Pei-luen Patrick Rau; Qin Gao; Li-mei Wu

2008-01-01

355

Self-learning Cooperative Transmission -Coping with Mobility, Channel Estimation Errors, and Untrustworthy Nodes  

E-print Network

1 Self-learning Cooperative Transmission - Coping with Mobility, Channel Estimation Errors chain topology. In this paper, we propose a low-overhead self-learning cooperative transmission scheme--For cooperative transmission in wireless net- works, a very challenging problem is to combine informa- tion from

Sun, Yan Lindsay

356

Design Issues for Dual Device Learning: interactive television and mobile phone  

Microsoft Academic Search

Designers of technological support for learning have an ever-increasing selection of platforms and devices at their disposal, as desktop computers are joined by mobile phones, PDA's, laptops, games consoles, digital television and wearable devices. It is unlikely that a single technology will be a perfect fit for all aspects of a learning task. Many situations will call on the strengths

Lyn Pemberton; Sanaz Fallahkhair

357

Using Mobile Communication Technology in High School Education: Motivation, Pressure, and Learning Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motivation and pressure are considered two factors impacting vocational senior high school student learning. New communication technology, especially mobile communication technology, is supposed to be effective in encouraging interaction between the student and the instructor and improving learning efficiency. Social presence and information…

Rau, Pei-Luen Patrick; Gao, Qin; Wu, Li-Mei

2008-01-01

358

Real-Time Scheduling via Reinforcement Learning Cyber-physical systems, such as mobile  

E-print Network

Real-Time Scheduling via Reinforcement Learning Abstract Cyber-physical systems, such as mobile utilization of shared resources among tasks near a user-specified target level. Pro- ducing optimal scheduling. Instead, suitable scheduling strategies must be learned online through interaction with the system. We

359

The Growth of m-Learning and the Growth of Mobile Computing: Parallel Developments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

m-Learning is made possible by the existence and application of mobile hardware and networking technology. By exploring the capabilities of these technologies, it is possible to construct a picture of how different components of m-Learning can be implemented. This paper will explore the major technologies currently in use: portable digital…

Caudill, Jason G.

2007-01-01

360

Integrating User Interface and Personal Innovativeness into the TAM for Mobile Learning in Cyber University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to add new variables, namely user interface, personal innovativeness, and satisfaction in learning, to Davis's technology acceptance model and also examine whether learners are willing to adopt mobile learning. Thus, this study attempted to explain the structural causal relationships among user interface, personal…

Joo, Young Ju; Lee, Hyeon Woo; Ham, Yookyoung

2014-01-01

361

Mobile Web 2.0 in the Workplace: A Case Study of Employees' Informal Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Employees' informal learning in the workplace warrants more attention, and such learning could benefit from the latest mobile technologies such as Web 2.0 applications, which have increasingly been utilized and have the potential to enhance learning outcomes. This multiple-case study examined the impact of mobile Web 2.0 applications on…

Gu, Jia; Churchill, Daniel; Lu, Jie

2014-01-01

362

The Influence of Perceived Convenience and Curiosity on Continuance Intention in Mobile English Learning for High School Students Using PDAs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning aims to utilise communication devices such as mobile devices and wireless connection in combination with e-learning systems, allowing learners to experience convenient, instant and suitable learning at unrestricted time and place. Participants were 125 Taiwanese senior high school students, whose continuance intention was examined…

Chang, Chi-Cheng; Tseng, Kuo-Hung; Liang, Chaoyun; Yan, Chi-Fang

2013-01-01

363

Cooperative Control, Learning and Sensing in Mobile Sensor Networks.  

E-print Network

??Mobile sensor networks (MSNs) have great potential in many applications including environment exploring and monitoring; search and rescue; cooperative detection of toxic chemicals, etc. Motivated… (more)

La, Hung Manh

2011-01-01

364

Computational approaches to motor learning by imitation.  

PubMed Central

Movement imitation requires a complex set of mechanisms that map an observed movement of a teacher onto one's own movement apparatus. Relevant problems include movement recognition, pose estimation, pose tracking, body correspondence, coordinate transformation from external to egocentric space, matching of observed against previously learned movement, resolution of redundant degrees-of-freedom that are unconstrained by the observation, suitable movement representations for imitation, modularization of motor control, etc. All of these topics by themselves are active research problems in computational and neurobiological sciences, such that their combination into a complete imitation system remains a daunting undertaking-indeed, one could argue that we need to understand the complete perception-action loop. As a strategy to untangle the complexity of imitation, this paper will examine imitation purely from a computational point of view, i.e. we will review statistical and mathematical approaches that have been suggested for tackling parts of the imitation problem, and discuss their merits, disadvantages and underlying principles. Given the focus on action recognition of other contributions in this special issue, this paper will primarily emphasize the motor side of imitation, assuming that a perceptual system has already identified important features of a demonstrated movement and created their corresponding spatial information. Based on the formalization of motor control in terms of control policies and their associated performance criteria, useful taxonomies of imitation learning can be generated that clarify different approaches and future research directions. PMID:12689379

Schaal, Stefan; Ijspeert, Auke; Billard, Aude

2003-01-01

365

Approaches to Biology Teaching and Learning: Understanding the Wrong Answers--  

E-print Network

in designing learning experiences for students. MOVING FROM KNOWING FACTS TOWARD DEEP UNDERSTANDING THROUGHFeature Approaches to Biology Teaching and Learning: Understanding the Wrong Answers-- Teaching, 1993, 2001; National Research Council, 1996). However, this transition to teaching toward deep

366

What Seams Do We Remove in Mobile-Assisted Seamless Learning? A Critical Review of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seamless learning refers to the seamless integration of the learning experiences across various dimensions including formal and informal learning contexts, individual and social learning, and physical world and cyberspace. Inspired by the exposition by Chan et al. (2006) on the seamless learning model supported by the setting of one or more mobile…

Wong, Lung-Hsiang; Looi, Chee-Kit

2011-01-01

367

Deconstructing and reconstructing: Transforming primary science learning via a mobilized curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history of science education reform has been fundamentally centered around science curriculum development and implementation. The advent of mobile technologies has necessitated a re-examination of how students could better learn science through these 21st century tools. Conventional teaching materials may not prepare students to learn the inquiry way and to become self-directed and social learners who could learn “everywhere

Baohui Zhang; Chee-Kit Looi; Peter Sen Kee Seow; Gean Chia; Lung-Hsiang Wong; Wenli Chen; Hyo-Jeong So; Elliot Soloway; Cathie Norris

2010-01-01

368

Improving mobile robot localization: grid-based approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Autonomous mobile robots have been widely studied not only as advanced facilities for industrial and daily life automation, but also as a testbed in robotics competitions for extending the frontier of current artificial intelligence. In many of such contests, the robot is supposed to navigate on the ground with a grid layout. Based on this observation, we present a localization error correction method by exploring the geometric feature of the tile patterns. On top of the classical inertia-based positioning, our approach employs three fiber-optic sensors that are assembled under the bottom of the robot, presenting an equilateral triangle layout. The sensor apparatus, together with the proposed supporting algorithm, are designed to detect a line's direction (vertical or horizontal) by monitoring the grid crossing events. As a result, the line coordinate information can be fused to rectify the cumulative localization deviation from inertia positioning. The proposed method is analyzed theoretically in terms of its error bound and also has been implemented and tested on a customary developed two-wheel autonomous mobile robot.

Yan, Junchi

2012-02-01

369

The Opinions of Information Technology Students on Using Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The advances in information and communication technologies in present day are moving the education into a different dimension. Especially, it is not wrong to say that the mobile phones are taking a very important part of our everyday life. The interest in mobile phones is growing day by day and individuals from age 7 to 70 are interested in such…

Cavus, Nadire; Bicen, Huseyin; Akcil, Umut

2008-01-01

370

Learning and Schooling in the Age of Mobilism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Speeding past the Steve Jobs Post-PC Era into the Age of Mobilism, the authors foresee how, by 2015, each and every student in America's K-12 classrooms will be using their own mobile computing device, with those devices engendering the most disruptive transformation in education in 150 years. Classrooms will move from today's "I Teach"…

Norris, Cathleen A.; Soloway, Elliot

2011-01-01

371

Cyber Asynchronous versus Blended Cyber Approach in Distance English Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to compare the single cyber asynchronous learning approach with the blended cyber learning approach in distance English education. Two classes of 70 students participated in this study, which lasted one semester of about four months, with one class using the blended approach for their English study and the other only using the…

Ge, Zi-Gang

2012-01-01

372

Using an improved association rules mining optimization algorithm in web-based mobile-learning system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mobile-Learning (M-learning) makes many learners get the advantages of both traditional learning and E-learning. Currently, Web-based Mobile-Learning Systems have created many new ways and defined new relationships between educators and learners. Association rule mining is one of the most important fields in data mining and knowledge discovery in databases. Rules explosion is a serious problem which causes great concerns, as conventional mining algorithms often produce too many rules for decision makers to digest. Since Web-based Mobile-Learning System collects vast amounts of student profile data, data mining and knowledge discovery techniques can be applied to find interesting relationships between attributes of learners, assessments, the solution strategies adopted by learners and so on. Therefore ,this paper focus on a new data-mining algorithm, combined with the advantages of genetic algorithm and simulated annealing algorithm , called ARGSA(Association rules based on an improved Genetic Simulated Annealing Algorithm), to mine the association rules. This paper first takes advantage of the Parallel Genetic Algorithm and Simulated Algorithm designed specifically for discovering association rules. Moreover, the analysis and experiment are also made to show the proposed method is superior to the Apriori algorithm in this Mobile-Learning system.

Huang, Yin; Chen, Jianhua; Xiong, Shaojun

2009-07-01

373

Mobile Robots Pose Tracking: a Set-Membership Approach Using a Visibility Information  

E-print Network

Mobile Robots Pose Tracking: a Set-Membership Approach Using a Visibility Information R.guyonneau,sebastien.lagrange,laurent.hardouin}@univ-angers.fr Keywords: Mobile Robots : Localization : Pose Tracking : Visibility : Interval Analysis. Abstract Robot localization is an important issue in mobile robotics (J. Borenstein, 1996; M.J. Segura, 2009; J

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

374

Mobile Robot Localization Based on a Set Approach using Heterogeneous Measurements  

E-print Network

Mobile Robot Localization Based on a Set Approach using Heterogeneous Measurements Colle, Galerne.jubert}@ibisc.univ-evry.fr Corresponding author Etienne.Colle@ibisc.univ-evry.fr Keywords: Robot mobile localization, Interval analysis focuses on the 3-DOF localization of a mobile robot that is to say the estimation of the robot coordinates

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

375

Meta-learning approaches to selecting time series models  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present here an original work that applies meta-learning approaches to select models for time-series forecasting. In our work, we investigated two meta-learning approaches, each one used in a di2erent case study. Initially, we used a single machine learning algorithm to select among two models to forecast stationary time series (case study I). Following, we used the NOEMON approach, a

Ricardo Bastos Cavalcante Prudêncio; Teresa Bernarda Ludermir

2004-01-01

376

The deep approach to learning: analytic abstraction and idiosyncratic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarises previous research into approaches to learning and studying before reporting a small-scale longitudinal interview study of first-year psychology students' approaches. This qualitative investigation looked in depth at how students tackled their learning within a single discipline, and created fine-grained categories to describe their approaches. Few students showed marked, overall changes in their learning, although many did make

Velda McCune; Noel Entwistle

377

Comparing the Effects of Mobile Computers and Traditional Approaches in Environmental Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Environmental education and computers? That was traditionally seen as an antagonism. But environmental educators who compete for attention and face new challenges in an age of mobile devices, have begun to explore the opportunities that mobile computers may offer in supporting environmental learning experiences. This study investigates the impact…

Ruchter, Markus; Klar, Bernhard; Geiger, Werner

2010-01-01

378

An Expert System-based Context-Aware Ubiquitous Learning Approach for Conducting Science Learning Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context-aware ubiquitous learning has been recognized as being a promising approach that enables students to interact with real-world learning targets with supports from the digital world. Several researchers have indicated the importance of providing learning guidance or hints to individual students during the context-aware ubiquitous learning…

Wu, Po-Han; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Tsai, Wen-Hung

2013-01-01

379

Approaches to Biology Teaching and Learning: Learning Styles and the Problem of Instructional Selection--  

E-print Network

Feature Approaches to Biology Teaching and Learning: Learning Styles and the Problem to have all of their students learn. This aspiration of reaching all students spans disciplines, age to learn about how to reach all students. In their book, Talking About Leaving: Why Undergraduates Leave

380

Intentionally Mobile Pedagogy: The M-COPE Framework for Mobile Learning in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasingly, the education world finds itself working in an environment that is full of mobile devices and tools. Students are likely to own smartphones and tablets and instructors are faced with the challenge of integrating mobile devices into their course activities, whether as a full delivery medium, an enhancement or an optional tool. The…

Dennen, Vanessa P.; Hao, Shuang

2014-01-01

381

Do Learning Approaches of Medical Students Affect Their Satisfaction with Problem-Based Learning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research was to determine the satisfaction of medical students with problem-based learning (PBL) and their approaches to learning to investigate the effect of learning approaches on their levels of satisfaction. The study group was composed of medical students from three different universities, which apply PBL at different levels…

Gurpinar, Erol; Kulac, Esin; Tetik, Cihat; Akdogan, Ilgaz; Mamakli, Sumer

2013-01-01

382

Students' Questions: Building a Bridge between Kolb's Learning Styles and Approaches to Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify the types of questions that students ask during the learning of chemistry; discuss the role of students' questions in the process of constructing knowledge, and investigate the relationship between students' questions, approaches to learning, and learning styles. Design/methodology/approach: The…

de Jesus, Helena T. Pedrosa; Almeida, Patricia Albergaria; Teixeira-Dias, Jose Joaquim; Watts, Mike

2006-01-01

383

Machine learning: An artificial intelligence approach  

SciTech Connect

This book contains tutorial overviews and research papers on contemporary trends in the area of machine learning viewed from an AI perspective. Research directions covered include: learning from examples, modeling human learning strategies, knowledge acquisition for expert systems, learning heuristics, discovery systems, and conceptual data analysis.

Michalski, R.S.; Carbonell, J.G.; Mitchell, T.M.

1983-01-01

384

Facilitating Virtual Learning Groups: A Practical Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructor-facilitators of virtual learning groups can develop the learning environment through preliminary planning, course support, and postsession review. To undertake these processes, facilitators should attend to the learning tasks, the learning process, team development, team dynamics, and team trust. (Contains 73 references.) (SK)

McFadzean, Elspeth; McKenzie, Jane

2001-01-01

385

The Psychoeducational Approach to Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children who have learning disabilities which prevent achievement in skill subjects or behavioral difficulties which interfere with learning can be helped to learn to substitute more adaptive patterns for madadaptive ones. Because learning disabilities are only part of a disordered developmental process in a child, both clinical and competence…

Blom, Gaston E.

386

Targeted messages in indoor mobile environment: A software - oriented approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considering the advances of wireless, mobile and positioning technologies and the high requirement of the mobile marketing world for reaching as many customers as possible in a personalized way, this paper presents a wireless technology solution for sending targeted advertising or information messages on mobile devices. The research and development work presented in this paper has been conducted as part

Angeliki Tsilira; Adamantia G. Pateli; Erast Athanasiadis; Diomidis Spinellis

2004-01-01

387

SIMKEYS: an efficient approach in text entry for mobile communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

As text messaging services are becoming increasingly popular in today's global wireless market, fundamental design issues still linger with respect to text entry methods on mobile devices. Current schemes are often plagued with problems, such as poor typing efficiency, stringent physical size limitations, and unwarranted cognitive processing burden, on mobile users. The proposed text entry scheme for mobile communications, called

Rick W. K. Ha; Pin-Han Ho; X. Sherman Shen

2004-01-01

388

Distributed Reinforcement Learning Approach for Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Vehicular Ad hoc Networks (VANETs), general purpose ad hoc routing protocols such as AODV cannot work efficiently due to the frequent changes in network topology caused by vehicle movement. This paper proposes a VANET routing protocol QLAODV (Q-Learning AODV) which suits unicast applications in high mobility scenarios. QLAODV is a distributed reinforcement learning routing protocol, which uses a Q-Learning algorithm to infer network state information and uses unicast control packets to check the path availability in a real time manner in order to allow Q-Learning to work efficiently in a highly dynamic network environment. QLAODV is favored by its dynamic route change mechanism, which makes it capable of reacting quickly to network topology changes. We present an analysis of the performance of QLAODV by simulation using different mobility models. The simulation results show that QLAODV can efficiently handle unicast applications in VANETs.

Wu, Celimuge; Kumekawa, Kazuya; Kato, Toshihiko

389

An approach for detecting learning styles in learning management systems  

E-print Network

Detecting the needs of learners is a challenging but essential task to be able to provide adaptivity. In this paper we present a tool that enables learning management systems (LMS) to detect learning styles based on the behavior of learners during an online course. By calculating the learning styles and filling the student model of LMS with such personal data, a basis for adaptivity is provided. Learning management systems (LMS) are very successful in e-education but provide only little adaptivity [1]. Adapting courses to the needs of individual learners, e.g. to their learning styles,

Sabine Graf

2006-01-01

390

Adult Learning in Health and Safety: Some Issues and Approaches.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which was developed for presentation at a seminar on adult learning and safety, examines approaches to occupational safety and health (OSH) learning/training in the workplace. Section 1 examines selected factors affecting adults' learning in workplace OSH programs. The principal dimensions along which individual adult learners will…

O Fathaigh, Mairtin

391

A Machine Learning Approach to Musical Style Recognition  

E-print Network

A Machine Learning Approach to Musical Style Recognition Roger B. Dannenberg, Belinda Thom processing. In short, there are many reasons to believe that style recognition is di cult. Machine learning-level perceptual features such as pitch and tempo. Our work demonstrates that machine learning can be used to build

Dannenberg, Roger B.

392

Learned helplessness in mentally retarded and learning disabled versus normal subjects: an attributional approach  

E-print Network

LEARNED HELPLESSNESS IN MENTALLY RETARDED AND LEARNING DISABLED VERSUS NORMAL SUBJECTS: AN ATTRIBUTIONAL APPROACH A Thesis by VERONICA LADELL DAVIS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ABM University in Partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1981 Major Subject: Psychology LEARNED HELPLESSNESS IN MENTALLY RETARDED AND LEARNING DISABLED VERSUS NORMAL SUBJECTS: AN ATTRIBUTIONAL APPROACH A Thesis by VERONICA LADELL DAVIS Approved...

Davis, Veronica Ladell

2012-06-07

393

Approach to Learning of Sub-Degree Students in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The learning approaches and learning experiences of 404 sub-degree students were assessed by using a Study Process Questionnaire and a Learning Experience Questionnaire. While the learning approaches in this study meant whether students used a deep learning or surface learning approach, the learning experiences referred to students' perceptions…

Chan, Yiu Man; Chan, Christine Mei Sheung

2010-01-01

394

Mobile Learning Initiative Year-End Report Boise State University  

E-print Network

the work we've done in this first year. Susan Shadle, Director, Center for Teaching and Learning Dale Pike primarily through the programs below. These efforts have allowed us to indirectly engage in limited student means for student learning. The Masters in Applied Historical Research (MAHR) program was selected

Barrash, Warren

395

HMM-Based Semantic Learning for a Mobile Robot  

E-print Network

--Lincoln Laboratory Interview, 6 June 2005 ­ p.1 #12;Associative Learning and Memory Working Memory Noetic System-like cognition. Mental processes are largely based on associative memory and learning. Kevin Squire/R.S. Lin) Simple working memory (K. Squire) Next steps: Centralized controller (M. McClain) Semantic

Squire, Kevin

396

Learning history by playing a mobile city game  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digital games seem to be excellent tools for facilitating and supporting situated learning. This unbinding of knowledge from a specific context fosters its transfer to new problems and new domains. Additionally, children's attitude towards computer games is the very attitude we would like all our learners to have. Therefore, it makes sense to try to merge the content of learning

JANTINA HUIZENGA; WILFRIED ADMIRAAL; SANNE AKKERMAN; Dam ten G. T. M

2007-01-01

397

Pervasive, Lifestyle-Integrated Mobile Learning for Distance Learners: An Analysis and Unexpected Results from a Podcasting Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article opens with a discussion of how and why mobile learning (m-learning) is purported to be the next step in the evolution of distance education, before looking at various perspectives on what m-learning constitutes. It critically examines the degree to which "true" m-learning has been achieved, by offering pedagogical value beyond the…

Lee, Mark J. W.; Chan, Anthony

2007-01-01

398

Dual Device User Interface Design for Ubiquitous Language Learning: Mobile Phone and Interactive Television (iTV)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe the design and development of a system that facilitates language learning from a combination of two devices, interactive television (iTV) and mobile phone. We present a number of requirements for technologies to support informal language learning based on theories of language learning, theories of formal and informal learning, our own studies of adult language learners

Sanaz Fallahkhair; Lyn Pemberton; Richard N. Griffiths

2005-01-01

399

A Guided Discovery Approach for Learning Metabolic Pathways  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning the wealth of information in metabolic pathways is both challenging and overwhelming for students. A step-by-step guided discovery approach to the learning of the chemical steps in gluconeogenesis and the citric acid cycle is described. This approach starts from concepts the student already knows, develops these further in a logical…

Schultz, Emeric

2005-01-01

400

Enhancing the Teaching-Learning Process: A Knowledge Management Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to emphasize the need for knowledge management (KM) in the teaching-learning process in technical educational institutions (TEIs) in India, and to assert the impact of information technology (IT) based KM intervention in the teaching-learning process. Design/methodology/approach: The approach of the paper is…

Bhusry, Mamta; Ranjan, Jayanthi

2012-01-01

401

A probabilistic approach for learning folksonomies from structured data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning structured representations has emerged as an important problem in many domains, including document and Web data mining, bioinformatics, and image analysis. One approach to learning complex structures is to integrate many smaller, incomplete and noisy structure fragments. In this work, we present an unsupervised probabilistic approach that extends affinity propagation [7] to combine the small ontological fragments into a

Anon Plangprasopchok; Kristina Lerman; Lise Getoor

2011-01-01

402

A New Machine Learning Approach to Fingerprint Classification  

E-print Network

A New Machine Learning Approach to Fingerprint Classification Yuan Yao1 , Gian Luca Marcialis2 present new fingerprint classification algorithms based on two machine learning approaches: support vector of the fingerprint image. They are also used to extract a set of distributed features which can be integrated

Yao, Yuan

403

Forward-Oriented Design for Learning: Illustrating the Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper concerns sustainable approaches to design for learning, emphasising the need for designs to be able to thrive outside of the protective niches of project-based innovation. It builds on the "in medias res" framework and more specifically on a forward-oriented approach to design for learning: one that takes a pro-active design…

Dimitriadis, Yannis; Goodyear, Peter

2013-01-01

404

Approaches to Learning in a Second Year Chemical Engineering Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous findings from the study within which this research is located had uncovered students' approaches to learning in the context of a second year chemical engineering course. Using an analysis of students' reflections on their experience, the study has shown the existence of three approaches to learning in this context: an 'information-based'…

Case, Jennifer; Gunstone, Richard; Lewis, Alison

405

The Learning of Consumer Skills in Adolescents: An Eclectic Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the learning of consumer skills by adolescents, using two theoretical approaches--the social learning and the family communication pattern approaches. It was hypothesized that (1) assuming that parents are more experienced consumers than are adolescents, frequent discussion with parents on consumption matters are likely to…

Kuo, Cheng

406

A Machine Learning Approach to Coreference Resolution of Noun Phrases  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a learning approach to coreference resolution of noun phrases in unrestricted text. The approach learns from a small, annotated corpus and the task includes resolving not just a certain type of noun phrase (e.g., pronouns) but rather general noun phrases. It also does not restrict the entity types of the noun phrases; that is, coreference

Wee Meng Soon; Hwee Tou Ng; Chung Yong Lim

2001-01-01

407

An Algebraic Approach to Abstraction in Reinforcement Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

To operate eectiv ely in complex environments learning agents have to selectively ignore irrele- vant details by forming useful abstractions. In this article we outline a formulation of abstraction for reinforcement learning approaches to stochas- tic sequential decision problems modeled as semi- Markov Decision Processes (SMDPs). Building on existing algebraic approaches, we propose the con- cept of SMDP homomorphism and

Balaraman Ravindran; Andrew G. Barto

2003-01-01

408

How Do I Learn Math? Approaching your college math course  

E-print Network

How Do I Learn Math? Approaching your college math course It's easy to get lost in math questions! This lesson will help you approach your college math course without getting lost, helping you learn more and feel confident. Remember, EVERYONE can be a successful math student. Whether or not you've struggled

Maxwell, Bruce D.

409

Active Localization of People with a Mobile Robot Based on Learned Motion Behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile robots that provide service to people can carry out their tasks more efciently if they know where the people are. In this paper we present an approach to actively maintain a probabilistic belief about the current locations of people in the environment of a mobile robot. We assume that the robot is equipped with knowledge about typical motion behaviors

Maren Bennewitz; Julio Pastrana; Wolfram Burgard

410

Freedom Schools Then and Now: A Transformative Approach to Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to provide a historical and conceptual link between Ella Baker's Freedom School model and Paulo Freire's demand for critical education and emancipatory learning. Ella Baker, situated in the daunting environment of the Civil Rights Movement, saw education as a tool for social mobility for Mississippi residents…

Watson, Marcia

2014-01-01

411

The Care Programme Approach and adult learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is general consensus that taking up adult learning is good for mental health. For people experiencing mental health difficulties, taking up learning enhances social inclusion. Learning helps people gain new skills, become more employable, meet new people and grow in confidence. It can also be an exhilarating experience that aids the recovery process. So why are so many people

Caroline Law

2009-01-01

412

ARMrayan Multimedia Mobile CMS: a Simplified Approach towards Content-Oriented Mobile Application Designing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ARMrayan Multimedia Mobile CMS (Content Management System) is the first mobile CMS that gives the opportunity to users for creating multimedia J2ME mobile applications with their desired content, design and logo; simply, without any need for writing even a line of code. The low-level programming and compatibility problems of the J2ME, along with UI designing difficulties, makes it hard

Ali Reza Manashty; Mohammad Reza Ahmadzadeh Raji; Zahra Forootan Jahromi; Amir Rajabzadeh

2010-01-01

413

Towards a Wireless Architecture for Mobile Ubiquitous E-Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

New wireless technologies can be used to boost interactivity, thus helping create community, as people remain online even while going about their business. The use of wireless technology paves the way for a literal interpretation of mobile ubiquitous computing. People can get online, be reached, and interact anywhere and anytime. In this paper, we propose an original platform based on

Philip Grew; Elena Pagani

414

Neural Q-Learning controller for mobile robot  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, increasing trend in application of autonomous mobile robot worldwide has highlighted the importance of path planning controller in robotics-related fields, especially where dynamic and unknown environment is involved. Writing a good robot controller program can be a very time consuming process. It is inevitably wasting of resources and efforts if we have to rewrite the controller over

Velappa Ganapathy; Soh Chin Yun; Halim Kusama Joe

2009-01-01

415

Transforming Clinical Imaging and 3D Data for Virtual Reality Learning Objects: HTML5 and Mobile Devices Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Web deployable anatomical simulations or "virtual reality learning objects" can easily be produced with QuickTime VR software, but their use for online and mobile learning is being limited by the declining support for web browser plug-ins for personal computers and unavailability on popular mobile devices like Apple iPad and Android…

Trelease, Robert B.; Nieder, Gary L.

2013-01-01

416

Statecraft X: Enacting Citizenship Education Using a Mobile Learning Game Played on Apple iPhones  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we report on a mobile learning game, Statecraft X, designed and developed to enact a program for citizenship education undertaken by 15-year-old students. The game is played on Apple iPhones. Located in the Social Studies curriculum, the game represents one component of a broader learning environment that includes in-class dialogic activity to facilitate student sense making and

Yam San Chee; Ek Ming Tan; Qiang Liu

2010-01-01

417

Integrated motion planning and model learning for mobile robots with application to marine vehicles  

E-print Network

Robust motion planning algorithms for mobile robots consider stochasticity in the dynamic model of the vehicle and the environment. A practical robust planning approach balances the duration of the motion plan with the ...

Greytak, Matthew B. (Matthew Bardeen)

2009-01-01

418

A Meta-Learning Approach for Robust Rank Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning eective feature-based ranking functions is a fun- damental task for search engines, and has recently become an active area of research (10, 3, 2). Many of these recent al- gorithms are based on the pairwise preference framework, in which instead of taking documents in isolation, docu- ment pairs are used as instances in the learning process. One disadvantage of

Vitor R. Carvalho; Jonathan L. Elsas; William W. Cohen; Jaime G. Carbonell

2008-01-01

419

CS training: Introducing mobile educational games in the learning flow  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a general model for the integration of portable game devices (e.g. Nintendo DS™) in preexisting e-Learning systems, also known as Learning Management Systems (e.g. Moodle™). This integration simplifies the deployment of educational games in the classroom and provides instructors with information about what students are actually doing with the games. The general model is exemplified with the

Roberto Tornero Santamarina; Pablo Moreno-Ger; Javier Torrente; B. F. Manjo?n

2010-01-01

420

Problem-Based Learning Using Mobile Devices Christian Wattinger, Duc Phuong Nguyen, Peter Fornaro, Martin Guggisberg, Tibor Gyalog, and  

E-print Network

of pedagogic and didactic concepts on the usage of mobile devices in education. In this paper, we presentProblem-Based Learning Using Mobile Devices Christian Wattinger, Duc Phuong Nguyen, Peter Fornaro phones become more and more popular. Thus, we are seeing a growing number of projects using mobile

Guggisberg, Martin

421

Embedding mobile technology to outdoor natural science learning based on the 7E learning cycle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Outdoor learning in areas such as natural science has high potential to enhance learning by giving students a real experience of what they shall learn. However, traditional outdoor learning faces several problems. One of the major problems is that students lack instant guidance so that they often can not get suitable feedback. In the long run, students' learning achievements are

Kuan-Jhen Huang; Tzu-Chien Liu; Sabine Graf; Yi-Chun Lin

422

An approach to efficient mobility management in intelligent networks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Providing personal communication systems supporting full mobility require intelligent networks for tracking mobile users and facilitating outgoing and incoming calls over different physical and network environments. In realizing the intelligent network functionalities, databases play a major role. Currently proposed network architectures envision using the SS7-based signaling network for linking these DB's and also for interconnecting DB's with switches. If the network has to support ubiquitous, seamless mobile services, then it has to support additionally mobile application parts, viz., mobile origination calls, mobile destination calls, mobile location updates and inter-switch handovers. These functions will generate significant amount of data and require them to be transferred between databases (HLR, VLR) and switches (MSC's) very efficiently. In the future, the users (fixed or mobile) may use and communicate with sophisticated CPE's (e.g. multimedia, multipoint and multisession calls) which may require complex signaling functions. This will generate volumness service handling data and require efficient transfer of these message between databases and switches. Consequently, the network providers would be able to add new services and capabilities to their networks incrementally, quickly and cost-effectively.

Murthy, K. M. S.

1995-01-01

423

A Cultural Approach to Networked-Based Mobile Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses cultural conditions for networked-based mobile education. In our paper, we demonstrate how an Integrated Meta-Model that we have been developing in our MOMENTS project, i.e. Models and Methods for Future Knowledge Construction: Interdisciplinary Implementations with Mobile Technologies, can be used as a heuristic tool for…

Koskimaa, Raine; Lehtonen, Miika; Heinonen, Ulla; Ruokamo, Heli; Tissari, Varpu; Vahtivuori-Hanninen, Sanna; Tella, Seppo

2007-01-01

424

A Novel Approach to Service Discovery in Mobile Adhoc Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile adhoc network (MANET) is a network of a number of mobile routers and associated hosts, organized in a random fashion via wireless links. During recent years MANET has gained enormous amount of attention and has been widely used for not only military purposes but for search-and-rescue operations, intelligent transportation system, data collection, virtual classrooms and ubiquitous computing. Service discovery

N. Islam; Z. A. Shaikh

2008-01-01

425

Replication in Mobile Database Environments: A Client-Oriented Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In mobile C\\/S database environments a service for replication is needed to guarantee availability of data also in disconnected mode. We propose a new client-oriented replication service for relational databases. Using these service mobile applications can (re)define replicated data and replication options situation-dependent on demand.

Christoph Gollmick

2003-01-01

426

Transitions to Sustainable Tourism Mobility: The Social Practices Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we argue that current research on sustainable tourism mobility can be divided roughly into two streams. One covers primarily the organisational and technological side of tourism mobility, while the other concentrates on travellers' attitudes. To date, these streams have been organised as separate bodies of research. There is much to be gained by being able to create

Desirée Verbeek; Hans Mommaas

2008-01-01

427

Making learning whole: an instructional approach for mediating the practices of authentic science inquiries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This design experiment aimed to answer the question of how to mediate the practices of authentic science inquiries in primary education. An instructional approach based on activity theory was designed and carried out with multi-age students in a small village school. An open-ended learning task was offered to the older students. Their task was to design and implement instruction about the Ice Age to their younger fellows. The objective was collaborative learning among students, the teacher, and outside domain experts. Mobile phones and GPS technologies were applied as the main technological mediators in the learning process. Technology provided an opportunity to expand the learning environment outside the classroom, including the natural environment. Empirically, the goal was to answer the following questions: What kind of learning project emerged? How did the students' knowledge develop? What kinds of science learning processes, activities, and practices were represented? Multiple and parallel data were collected to achieve this aim. The data analysis revealed that the learning project both challenged the students to develop explanations for the phenomena and generated high quality conceptual and physical models in question. During the learning project, the roles of the community members were shaped, mixed, and integrated. The teacher also repeatedly evaluated and adjusted her behavior. The confidence of the learners in their abilities raised the quality of their learning outcomes. The findings showed that this instructional approach can not only mediate the kind of authentic practices that scientists apply but also make learning more holistic than it has been. Thus, it can be concluded that nature of the task, the tool-integrated collaborative inquiries in the natural environment, and the multiage setting can make learning whole.

Liljeström, Anu; Enkenberg, Jorma; Pöllänen, Sinikka

2013-03-01

428

An Examination of the Effects of the Texas Farm Bureau Mobile Learning Barn Agricultural Education Program on Youth's Perceptions and Knowledge of Agriculture  

E-print Network

Farm Bureau Mobile Learning Barn, strive to educate youth about the importance of agriculture. This study documented the agricultural perceptions and knowledge of youth who attended the Texas Farm Bureau Mobile Learning Barn agricultural education...

Howard, Joni Leigh

2013-12-03

429

Generational diversity: teaching and learning approaches.  

PubMed

Nursing students represent multiple generations--Baby Boomers, Generation X, and now the Millennials. Each generation has its own set of values, ideas, ethics, beliefs, and learning styles. The authors describe the context, characteristics, and learning styles of each generation and provide suggestions for enhanced teaching and learning across multiple generations. Using generational diversity as a teaching tool in the classroom is also discussed. PMID:16170263

Johnson, Susan A; Romanello, Mary L

2005-01-01

430

Changing the learning environment to promote deep learning approaches in first-year accounting students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developing deep approaches to learning is claimed to enhance students' engagement with their subject material and result in improved analytical and conceptual thinking skills. Numerous calls have been made for accounting educators to adopt strategies that produce such results. This paper reports on changes to the learning environment centring on the introduction of group learning activities that were designed to

Matthew Hall; Alan Ramsay; John Raven

2004-01-01

431

Lessons learned: mobile device encryption in the academic medical center.  

PubMed

The academic medical center is faced with the unique challenge of meeting the multi-faceted needs of both a modern healthcare organization and an academic institution, The need for security to protect patient information must be balanced by the academic freedoms expected in the college setting. The Albany Medical Center, consisting of the Albany Medical College and the Albany Medical Center Hospital, was challenged with implementing a solution that would preserve the availability, integrity and confidentiality of business, patient and research data stored on mobile devices. To solve this problem, Albany Medical Center implemented a mobile encryption suite across the enterprise. Such an implementation comes with complexities, from performance across multiple generations of computers and operating systems, to diversity of application use mode and end user adoption, all of which requires thoughtful policy and standards creation, understanding of regulations, and a willingness and ability to work through such diverse needs. PMID:19382736

Kusche, Kristopher P

2009-01-01

432

Comparison of approaches for mobile document image analysis using server supported smartphones  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the recent advances in mobile technologies, new capabilities are emerging, such as mobile document image analysis. However, mobile phones are still less powerful than servers, and they have some resource limitations. One approach to overcome these limitations is performing resource-intensive processes of the application on remote servers. In mobile document image analysis, the most resource consuming process is the Optical Character Recognition (OCR) process, which is used to extract text in mobile phone captured images. In this study, our goal is to compare the in-phone and the remote server processing approaches for mobile document image analysis in order to explore their trade-offs. For the inphone approach, all processes required for mobile document image analysis run on the mobile phone. On the other hand, in the remote-server approach, core OCR process runs on the remote server and other processes run on the mobile phone. Results of the experiments show that the remote server approach is considerably faster than the in-phone approach in terms of OCR time, but adds extra delays such as network delay. Since compression and downscaling of images significantly reduce file sizes and extra delays, the remote server approach overall outperforms the in-phone approach in terms of selected speed and correct recognition metrics, if the gain in OCR time compensates for the extra delays. According to the results of the experiments, using the most preferable settings, the remote server approach performs better than the in-phone approach in terms of speed and acceptable correct recognition metrics.

Ozarslan, Suleyman; Eren, P. Erhan

2014-03-01

433

Lessons learned from Mobile Application Design for Health Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Designing Web-applications is considerably different for mobile computers (handhelds, Personal Digital Assistants) than for desktop computers. Screen size as well as system resources are limited and end-users interact differently. Consequently, detecting handheld-browsers on the server side and delivering pages optimized for a small client form factor is inevitable. The authors discuss their experiences during the design and development of an

Andreas Holzinger; Maximilian Errath

2005-01-01

434

Mobile Learning: New Tools Flying in the Face of the Same Old Schooling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Currently mobile learning is making headlines in the educational press as a possible path for transforming education, just like it has significantly changed communication in business and society generally. Technology in American schools has a decades-long history of failure compared with its use outside schooling. Until the structure and political…

Berge, Zane L.

2013-01-01

435

Explore! Possibilities and Challenges of Mobile Learning Maria F. Costabile1  

E-print Network

, edutainment, children, digital augmentation, cooperative inquiry. ACM Classification Keywords K.3.1 [Computer and location. Consequently, the use of mobile devices like smartphones could expand learning, freeing the user during a visit to an archaeological park. Since Explore! targets children, it should be capable

Costabile, Maria F.

436

Using Self-Efficacy to Assess the Readiness of Nursing Educators and Students for Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to assess the self-efficacy of nursing faculty and students related to their potential use of mobile technology and to ask what implications this technology has for their teaching and learning in practice education contexts. We used a cross-sectional survey design involving students and faculty in two nursing…

Kenny, Richard F.; Van Neste-Kenny, Jocelyne M. C.; Burton, Pamela A.; Park, Caroline L.; Qayyum, Adnan

2012-01-01

437

Facilitating Guided Participation through Mobile Technologies: Designing Creative Learning Environments for Self and Others  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We appropriate Rogoff's ("Apprenticeship in thinking: Cognitive development in social context," 1991; in: Wertsch et al. (eds.) "Sociocultural studies of mind," 1993) notion of guided participation to demonstrate, through abbreviated case studies, our strategy for integrating mobile technology-based learning experiences in higher education. Guided…

Evans, Michael A.; Johri, Aditya

2008-01-01

438

A Study to Investigate the Opinions of Instructors on Mobile Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to find out the opinions of instructors on mobile learning. This study has been carried out at the Near East University, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, during the Fall 2009 semester. Participants in this study consisted of 40 instructors. In the research, in addition to the information obtained…

Cavus, Nadire

2010-01-01

439

ICORR '99: International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, Stanford, CA AUTONOMY AND LEARNING IN MOBILE ROBOTS  

E-print Network

- 1 - ICORR '99: International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, Stanford, CA AUTONOMY AND LEARNING IN MOBILE ROBOTS George A. Bekey Computer Science Department University of Southern California Los Angeles, CA 90089-0781 bekey@robotics.usc.edu http://www-robotics.usc.edu/ Abstract Recent trends

Duckett, Tom

440

ccsd00003940, Learning to automatically detect features for mobile robots using  

E-print Network

ccsd­00003940, version 1 ­ 24 Jan 2005 Learning to automatically detect features for mobile robots; GRAVIR - IMAG LORIA Autonomy and Robotics Area Joseph Fourier University Nancy2 University NASA Ames robots to automatically detect features. Hid- den Markov Models have been used for a long time in pattern

441

The Sustainable Mobility Learning Laboratory: Interactive Web-Based Education on Transportation and the Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transportation field has for many years been dominated by engineers and other technical specialists. This article describes the Sustainable Mobility Learning Lab (SMLL), a Web-based tool designed to support classroom and university outreach activities to help initiate a more inclusive, nontechnical discussion about the role of transportation…

Schweitzer, Lisa A.; Marr, Linsey C.; Linford, John C.; Darby, Mary Ashburn

2008-01-01

442

Mobile technologies: prospects for their use in learning in informal science settings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent developments in mobile technologies have offered the potential to support learners studying a variety of subjects. In this paper we explore the possibilities related to science learners and in particular focus on science learners in informal settings and reflect on a number of recent projects in order to consider the prospects for such work. The debate on informal learning

Eileen Scanlon; Ann Jones; Jenny Waycott

2005-01-01

443

Effects of Mobile Instant Messaging on Collaborative Learning Processes and Outcomes: The Case of South Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper was to investigate the effects of mobile instant messaging on collaborative learning processes and outcomes. The collaborative processes were measured in terms of different types of interactions. We measured the outcomes of the collaborations through both the students' taskwork and their teamwork. The collaborative…

Kim, Hyewon; Lee, MiYoung; Kim, Minjeong

2014-01-01

444

Exploring the Potential of Podcasting to Deliver Mobile Ubiquitous Learning in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Podcasting facilitates the timely delivery of digital audio content such as MP3 files to a user's desktop, as it becomes available. The authors believe it holds tremendous potential as a low-cost, low-barrier tool for mobile ubiquitous learning, given the large uptake of portable music players. This paper explores some of the possibilities for…

Lee, Mark J. W.; Chan, Anthony

2006-01-01

445

Any Time, Any Place, Any Pace-Really? Examining Mobile Learning in a Virtual School Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past decade, the number of K-12 students engaged in online learning has increased from between 40,000 and 50,000 to more than two million. Students have also gained increased access to mobile devices throughout recent years, and educators have actively looked for ways to capitalize on this trend. A case study of students enrolled in an…

Barbour, Michael K.; Grzebyk, Tamme Quinn; Eye, John

2014-01-01

446

Build robots that autonomously navigate and manipulate objects! Learn the fundamentals of mobile robotics!  

E-print Network

· Build robots that autonomously navigate and manipulate objects! · Learn the fundamentals of mobile robotics! · Explore topics like vision, navigation, localization, and kinematics! Course Objective This project course is a hands-on introduction to robotics. You will be introduced to the basic concepts

Goldwasser, Shafi

447

Learning robust plans for mobile robots from a single trial  

SciTech Connect

We address the problem of learning robust plans for robot navigation by observing particular robot behaviors. In this Paper we present a method which can learn a robust reactive example of a desired behavior. The translating a sequence of events arising system into a plan which represents among such events. This method allows us to rely or the underlying stability properties of low-level behavior processes in order to produce robust plans. Since the resultant plan reproduces the original behavior of the robot at a high level, it generalizes over small environmental changes and is robust to sensor and effector noise.

Engelson, S.P. [Bar-Ilan Univ., Ramat Gan (Israel)

1996-12-31

448

Theoretical Approaches to the Study of Career Mobility: Applications to Administrative Career Mobility in Colleges and Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Major theoretical approaches to the study of career mobility were reviewed, with particular emphasis on those that focus on the organizational-structural level of analysis, on careers as structures of organizations. In particular, internal labor market theory was explored as a framework through which to study administrative careers in colleges and…

Twombly, Susan B.

449

Unified Approach To Control Of Motions Of Mobile Robots  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Improved computationally efficient scheme developed for on-line coordinated control of both manipulation and mobility of robots that include manipulator arms mounted on mobile bases. Present scheme similar to one described in "Coordinated Control of Mobile Robotic Manipulators" (NPO-19109). Both schemes based on configuration-control formalism. Present one incorporates explicit distinction between holonomic and nonholonomic constraints. Several other prior articles in NASA Tech Briefs discussed aspects of configuration-control formalism. These include "Increasing the Dexterity of Redundant Robots" (NPO-17801), "Redundant Robot Can Avoid Obstacles" (NPO-17852), "Configuration-Control Scheme Copes with Singularities" (NPO-18556), "More Uses for Configuration Control of Robots" (NPO-18607/NPO-18608).

Seraji, Homayoun

1995-01-01

450

Learner Performance in Multimedia Learning Arrangements: An Analysis across Instructional Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors compared four multimedia learning arrangements differing in instructional approach on effectiveness and efficiency for learning: (a) hypermedia learning, (b) observational learning, (c) self-explanation-based learning, and (d) inquiry learning. The approaches all advocate learners' active attitude toward the learning…

Eysink, Tessa H. S.; de Jong, Ton; Berthold, Kirsten; Kolloffel, Bas; Opfermann, Maria; Wouters, Pieter

2009-01-01

451

Understanding Observational Learning: An Interbehavioral Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Observational learning is an important area in the field of psychology and behavior science more generally. Given this, it is essential that behavior analysts articulate a sound theory of how behavior change occurs through observation. This paper begins with an overview of seminal research in the area of observational learning, followed by a…

Fryling, Mitch J.; Johnston, Cristin; Hayes, Linda J.

2011-01-01

452

Individualistic and Collectivistic Approaches to Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mediated learning describes what parents and teachers do to teach and includes four components: (1) intent to teach; (2) competence; (3) transcendence to promote high level thinking; and (4) mediation of meaning, helping children to focus on the importance of what is being focused on. Mediated learning is assumed to be universal for all cultural…

Pena, Elizabeth D.; Mendez-Perez, Anita

2006-01-01

453

Child Development: An Active Learning Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within each chapter of this innovative topical text, the authors engage students by demonstrating the wide range of real-world applications of psychological research connected to child development. In particular, the distinctive Active Learning features incorporated throughout the book foster a dynamic and personal learning process for students.…

Levine, Laura E.; Munsch, Joyce

2010-01-01

454

New approaches to human mobility: using mobile phones for demographic research.  

PubMed

This article explores new methods for gathering and analyzing spatially rich demographic data using mobile phones. It describes a pilot study (the Human Mobility Project) in which volunteers around the world were successfully recruited to share GPS and cellular tower information on their trajectories and respond to dynamic, location-based surveys using an open-source Android application. The pilot study illustrates the great potential of mobile phone methodology for moving spatial measures beyond residential census units and investigating a range of important social phenomena, including the heterogeneity of activity spaces, the dynamic nature of spatial segregation, and the contextual dependence of subjective well-being. PMID:23192393

Palmer, John R B; Espenshade, Thomas J; Bartumeus, Frederic; Chung, Chang Y; Ozgencil, Necati Ercan; Li, Kathleen

2013-06-01

455

New Approaches to Human Mobility: Using Mobile Phones for Demographic Research  

PubMed Central

This article explores new methods for gathering and analyzing spatially rich demographic data using mobile phones. It describes a pilot study (the Human Mobility Project) in which volunteers around the world were successfully recruited to share GPS and cellular tower information on their trajectories and respond to dynamic, location-based surveys using an open-source Android application. The pilot study illustrates the great potential of mobile phone methodology for moving spatial measures beyond residential census units and investigating a range of important social phenomena, including the heterogeneity of activity spaces, the dynamic nature of spatial segregation, and the contextual dependence of subjective well-being. PMID:23192393

Palmer, John R.B.; Espenshade, Thomas J.; Bartumeus, Frederic; Chung, Chang Y.; Ozgencil, Necati Ercan; Li, Kathleen

2012-01-01

456

An Extensible Meta-Learning Approach for Scalable and Accurate Inductive Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

An Extensible Meta-Learning Approach forScalable and Accurate Inductive LearningPhilip Kin-Wah ChanMuch of the research in inductive learning concentrates on problems with relativelysmall amounts of data. With the coming age of ubiquitous network computing, it islikely that orders of magnitude more data in databases will be available for variouslearning problems of real world importance. Some learning algorithms assume thatthe entire data

Philip Kin-wah Chan

1996-01-01

457

HAWAII: a domain-based approach for supporting mobility in wide-area wireless networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile IP is the current standard for supporting macromobility of mobile hosts. However, in the case of micromobility support, there are several competing proposals. In this paper, we present the design, implementation, and performance evaluation of HAWAII, a domain-based approach for supporting mobility. HAWAII uses specialized path setup schemes which install host-based forwarding entries in specific routers to support intra-domain

Ramachandran Ramjee; Kannan Varadhan; Luca Salgarelli; Sandra R. Thuel; Shie-Yuan Wang; Thomas F. La Porta

2002-01-01

458

Learning in a Mobile Age: An Investigation of Student Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this single-case study was to explore the lived experiences of a grade 6 teacher and students who used tablets as part of their classroom instruction. Malone and Lepper's taxonomy of intrinsic motivations for learning is used as a framework for examining whether and how this particular theory of motivation applies equally well…

Ciampa, K.

2014-01-01

459

Hybrid fuel cell for mobile devices : an integrated approach  

E-print Network

As mobile devices advance to 3G and beyond, there will be a pressing need for increased power to drive these devices, which the current batteries cannot provide. The direct methanol fuel cell has been identified as a ...

Sohn, Munhee, 1981-

2006-01-01

460

Learning Styles and Approaches to Learning in Excellent and Average First-Year University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We assessed the learning approaches and learning styles of a sample of 148 excellent students selected from 11 degrees from nine centers of the Polytechnic University of Valencia (Spain), and we compared the results with those of a sample of 133 average students from the same centers. We found that excellent students took deeper approach than…

Gargallo López, Bernardo; Almerich Cerveró, Gonzalo; Suárez Rodríguez, Jesús M.; García Félix, Eloïna; Garfella Esteban, Pedro R.

2013-01-01

461

Smart apps for applied machine learning on mobile devices: the MOMO project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The MOMO Project consists of the parts Mobile Computing and ECO Mobility. We present research results from a subproject of the Mobile Computing part. In particular we develop Smart-Apps for modern smartphones. These applications gather data from the owners to be filtered and processed central or distributed. The applications target persons or streams of visitors at events as e.g. concerts, amusement parks or any other official buildings. Smart Apps will work up this data, visualize it and most of all allow an intelligent prediction of the user's behavior together with recommendations. Therefore we discuss visualization strategies and the underlying machine learning concepts and applications on the mobile and on the server-side.

Edlich, Stefan; Vogler, Mathias

2013-03-01

462

Personalized Mobile English Vocabulary Learning System Based on Item Response Theory and Learning Memory Cycle  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since learning English is very popular in non-English speaking countries, developing modern assisted-learning tools that support effective English learning is a critical issue in the English-language education field. Learning English involves memorization and practice of a large number of vocabulary words and numerous grammatical structures.…

Chen, C. M.; Chung, C. J.

2008-01-01

463

A cultural approach to networked-based mobile education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses cultural conditions for networked-based mobile education. In our paper, we demonstrate how an Integrated Meta-Model that we have been developing in our MOMENTS project, i.e. Models and Methods for Future Knowledge Construction: Interdisciplinary Implementations with Mobile Technologies, can be used as a heuristic tool for research and pedagogical practice with technology, drawing attention to such cultural and

Raine Koskimaa; Miika Lehtonen; Ulla Heinonen; Heli Ruokamo; Varpu Tissari; Sanna Vahtivuori-Hänninen; Seppo Tella

2007-01-01

464

Mobile Learning: The Significance of New Mobile and Wireless Communications Technologies for Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a At present, the popular perception of mobile telephones in the UK, including the education sector, is generally negative:\\u000a they are perceived as a nuisance and distraction (Stone, 2002, p. 262).\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a The image of schoolchildren staring out of the classroom window, minds preoccupied with daydreams, could be supplanted by\\u000a one of students staring forward — not daydreaming but interacting with vibrating

Gerard Goggin

465

A Goal-Based Approach for Learning in Business Processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Organizations constantly strive to improve their business performance; hence they make business process redesign efforts. So far, redesign has mainly been a human task, which relies on human reasoning and creativity, although various analysis tools can support it by identifying improvement opportunities. This chapter proposes an automated approach for learning from accumulated experience and improving business processes over time. The approach ties together three aspects of business processes: goals, context, and actual paths. It proposes a learning cycle, including a learning phase, where the relevant context is identified and used for making improvements in the process model, and a runtime application phase, where the improved process model is applied at runtime and actual results are stored for the next learning cycle. According to our approach, a goal-oriented process model is essential for learning to improve process outcomes.

Soffer, Pnina; Ghattas, Johny; Peleg, Mor

466

COMPUTER MEDIATED LEARNING: AN EXAMPLE OF AN APPROACH  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are several possible approaches in which dynamic computerized environments play a significant, and possibly unique, role in supporting innovative learning trajectories in mathematics in general, and particularly in geometry. These approaches are influenced by the way one views mathematics and mathematical activity. In this paper we briefly describe an approach based on a problem situation and our experiences using

ABRAHAM ARCAVI; NURIT HADAS

2000-01-01

467

Self-Managing and Self-Organising Mobile Computing Applications: a Separation of Concerns approach  

E-print Network

Self-Managing and Self-Organising Mobile Computing Applications: a Separation of Concerns approach ABSTRACT Self-organising systems are being developed in an ad-hoc way, without reusing functionalities of self-organising applications and a for- tiori the one of self-organising mobile applications is lim

Dobson, Simon

468

Gender differences in using mobile data services: utilitarian and hedonic value approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine how consumers differ by gender in terms of the values sought from mobile data services. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The technology acceptance model (TAM) and utilitarian and hedonic value were employed to examine the differences in mobile data services usage. A total of 200 respondents participated in an online survey. Of the

Kiseol Yang; Hyun-Joo Lee

2010-01-01

469

Contextualized Teaching & Learning: A Promising Approach for Basic Skills Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contextualized teaching and learning (CTL), or the concept of relating subject matter content to meaningful situations that are relevant to students' lives, offers one promising approach to helping students learn more effectively. This brief offers instructors, college leaders, policy makers and funders a high-level summary of the CTL…

Baker, Elaine DeLott; Hope, Laura; Karandjeff, Kelley

2009-01-01

470

Problem-Based Learning: One Approach to Increasing Student Participation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problem-based learning is an approach that can be used to increase student participation while promoting the development of skills for lifelong learning. In solving problems learners acquire two types of knowledge--knowledge of concepts, principles and facts; and procedures for how to use them. (Author/MLW)

Wilkerson, LuAnn; Feletti, Grahame

1989-01-01

471

University Students' Achievement Goals and Approaches to Learning in Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Achievement goals (AG) and students' approaches to learning (SAL) are two research perspectives on student motivation and learning in higher education that have until now been pursued quite independently. Aims: This study sets out: (a) to explore the relationship between the most representative variables of SAL and AG; (b) to identify…

Cano, Francisco; Berben, A. B. G.

2009-01-01

472

Extension and Health Promotion: An Adult Learning Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community-based agencies (extension, women's association, public health department) initiated a health promotion project using adult learning approaches (experiential learning, storytelling, and networking) to enable participants to examine their experiences of health and factors affecting health in their communities. Assessment tools were…

Gillis, Doris E.; English, Leona M.

2001-01-01

473

Practical Approaches to Using Learning Styles in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this collection of essays is on new approaches to teaching in higher education. Selections are organized in five sections; the first section focuses on learning styles, while the remaining sections focus on applications in various academic disciplines. The chapters include: (1) "Capitalizing on College Students' Learning Styles:…

Dunn, Rita, Ed.; Griggs, Shirley A., Ed.

474

Automatic Vandalism Detection in Wikipedia: Towards a Machine Learning Approach  

E-print Network

Automatic Vandalism Detection in Wikipedia: Towards a Machine Learning Approach Koen Smets and Bart autonomous bots are, or have been, running on Wikipedia to keep the encyclopedia free from vandalism of using machine learning techniques to build an autonomous system capable to distinguish vandalism from

Antwerpen, Universiteit

475

Learning Objects Update: Review and Critical Approach to Content Aggregation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The structure and composite nature of a learning object is still open to interpretation. Although several theoretical studies advocate integrated approaches to the structure and aggregation level of learning objects, in practice, many content specifications, such as SCORM, IMS Content Packaging, and course authoring tools, do not explicitly state…

Balatsoukas, Panos; Morris, Anne; O'Brien, Ann

2008-01-01

476

A Motivational Approach to Student Learning: The Landlord Technique.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A motivational approach to student learning that has been implemented in several courses at Wright University in Ohio consists of six efforts: (1) to instill in students the knowledge of motivation, both from within and without; (2) to make students members of cohesive work groups; (3) to apply theory learned; (4) to demonstrate achievement of…

Lanford, Horace

477

Group Experiential Learning with Undergraduate Nursing Students: An Interdisciplinary Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examined an interdisciplinary, collaborative experiential group learning approach, in which undergraduate nursing students met in small groups led by counseling doctoral student co-leaders. Statistical analysis suggests that the teaching method lead to learning of group concepts. Discussion addresses anecdotal observations, limitations, and implications for interdisciplinary collaboration.

M. Carole Pistole; Jane Kinyon; Cynthia Bozich Keith

2008-01-01

478

Research on active learning based computer viruses detection approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

As traditional computer viruses detection approaches update slowly and have poor ability in detecting unknown viruses, active learning is well-suited to many problems in viruses detect processing, where unlabeled data may be abundant but annotationis slow and expensive. This paper aim to shed light on the application of the active learning theory in computer viruses detection. Moreover, to improve the

Ou Qingyu; Zhou Dawei

2010-01-01

479

Teaching Math in the Primary Grades: The Learning Trajectories Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's thinking follows natural developmental paths in learning math. When teachers understand those paths and offer activities based on children's progress along them, they build developmentally appropriate math environments. The authors explain math learning trajectories and why teaching math using the trajectories approach is effective. A…

Sarama, Julie; Clements, Douglas

2009-01-01

480

A Hybrid Approach to University Subject Learning Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to get a better understanding of subject design and delivery using a hybrid approach, we have studied a hybrid learning postgraduate programme offered by the University of the Andes, Bogota, Colombia. The study analyses students' perceptions of subject design and delivery, with particular reference to learning activities and the roles of…

Osorio Gomez, Luz Adriana; Duart, Josep M.

2012-01-01

481

Students' Studying and Approaches to Learning in Introductory Biology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study was conducted in an introductory biology course to determine 1) how students used the large lecture environment to create their own learning tasks during studying and 2) whether meaningful learning resulted from the students' efforts. Academic task research from the K-12 education literature and student approaches to…

Tomanek, Debra; Montplaisir, Lisa

2004-01-01

482

Learning in a changing world, an algebraic modal logical approach  

E-print Network

(learning) by automated agents in a changing world. Unlike most treatments of dynamic epis- temic logic, weLearning in a changing world, an algebraic modal logical approach Prakash Panangaden and Mehrnoosh have transitions that "change the state" of the underlying system and not just the state of knowledge

Jeavons, Peter

483

Making mLearning Work: Utilizing Mobile Technology for Active Exploration, Collaboration, Assessment, and Reflection in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The convergence of mobile technologies into student-centered learning environments requires academic institutions to design new and more effective learning, teaching, and user experience strategies. In this article we share results from an mLearning design experiment and analysis from a student survey conducted at the National College of Ireland.…

Fisher, Mercedes; Baird, Derek E.

2007-01-01

484

Reliability and Validity Study of the Mobile Learning Adoption Scale Developed Based on the Diffusion of Innovations Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, a mobile learning adoption scale (MLAS) was developed on the basis of Rogers' (2003) Diffusion of Innovations Theory. The scale that was developed consists of four sections. These sections are as follows: Stages in the innovation-decision process, Types of m-learning decision, Innovativeness level and attributes of m-learning

Celik, Ismail; Sahin, Ismail; Aydin, Mustafa

2014-01-01

485

Learning by Discrimination: A Constructive Incremental Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents i-AA1?, a constructive, incre- mental learning algorithm for a special class of weightless, self-organizing networks. In i-AA1?, learning consists of adapting the nodes' functions and the network's overall topology as each new training pattern is presented. Provided the training data is consistent, computational complexity is low and prior factual knowledge may be used to \\

Christophe G. Giraud-carrier; Tony R. Martinez

2007-01-01

486

An active learning approach with uncertainty, representativeness, and diversity.  

PubMed

Big data from the Internet of Things may create big challenge for data classification. Most active learning approaches select either uncertain or representative unlabeled instances to query their labels. Although several active learning algorithms have been proposed to combine the two criteria for query selection, they are usually ad hoc in finding unlabeled instances that are both informative and representative and fail to take the diversity of instances into account. We address this challenge by presenting a new active learning framework which considers uncertainty, representativeness, and diversity creation. The proposed approach provides a systematic way for measuring and combining the uncertainty, representativeness, and diversity of an instance. Firstly, use instances' uncertainty and representativeness to constitute the most informative set. Then, use the kernel k-means clustering algorithm to filter the redundant samples and the resulting samples are queried for labels. Extensive experimental results show that the proposed approach outperforms several state-of-the-art active learning approaches. PMID:25180208

He, Tianxu; Zhang, Shukui; Xin, Jie; Zhao, Pengpeng; Wu, Jian; Xian, Xuefeng; Li, Chunhua; Cui, Zhiming

2014-01-01

487

Promoting Hybrid Learning through a Sharable eLearning Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational technology is developing rapidly, making education more accessible, affordable, adaptable, and equitable. Students now have the option to choose a campus that can provide an excellent blended learning curriculum with minimal geographical restraints. We explored ways to maximize the power of educational technologies to improve teaching…

Bai, Xin; Smith, Michael B.

2010-01-01

488

Service-Learning Pedagogy: Benefits of a Learning Community Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Service-learning is, by nature, continually evolving. Seifer (1996) stressed the importance of partnerships between communities and schools, and stated that reflection should facilitate the connection between practice and theory, and lead to critical thinking. Before these reflective activities occur, however, much can be done to maximize…

Flinders, Brooke A.

2013-01-01

489

Values and learning approaches of students at an international university  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study indicates that values are statistically significant precursors to approaches to learning in a cohort of predominantly\\u000a Bulgarian, German and Romanian students studying at a German university where the language of instruction in all subject areas\\u000a is English. Values have been measured with the Portrait Values Questionnaire (Schwartz et al. 2001), and approaches to learning\\u000a have been assessed by the

Bobbie Matthews; Petra Lietz; I Gusti Ngurah Darmawan

2007-01-01

490

Medical students' approaches to learning over a full degree programme  

PubMed Central

Students take three approaches to learning and studying: deep, surface and strategic, influenced by the learning environment. Following the General Medical Council's report "Tomorrow's Doctors," a deep approach was cultivated in Years 1 and 2 of a university undergraduate medical programme by introducing explicit written learning objectives constructed according to Biggs' SOLO taxonomy, problem-based learning and constructively aligned in-course assignments and examinations. The effect of these changes was measured with the Approaches to Study Skills Inventory for Students (ASSIST). Scores were highest for a deep approach and lowest for a surface approach and showed relatively little change during the degree programme, apart from a slight fall in the scores for a surface approach, particularly for students undertaking an intercalated science degree. Possible explanations include: students' approaches may be established prior to university entry; deep scores were already high at the beginning of the programme and may be difficult to increase further; the changes in learning environment may not be strong enough to alter approaches which students perceive as having been successful. PMID:22927717

Reid, William A.; Evans, Phillip; Duvall, Edward

2012-01-01

491

uLearn: Facilitating Ubiquitous Learning through Camera Equipped Mobile Phones  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a prototype application based on smartphone devices which supports independent learners within a mobile environment. The techniques employed allow children to rapidly gain access to a large repository of multimedia information through the use of a camera equipped mobile phone or smartphone. More specifically, the use of visual codes (Rohs M. et al., 2004) attached to locations

Keith Mitchell; Nicholas J. P. Race

2005-01-01

492

Interrelations among University Students' Approaches to Learning, Regulation of Learning, and Cognitive and Attributional Strategies: A Person Oriented Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationships among approaches to learning, regulation of learning, cognitive and attributional strategies, stress, exhaustion, and study success. University students (N = 437) from three faculties filled in a questionnaire concerning their self-reported study behaviour, cognitive strategies, and well-being. Their…

Heikkila, Annamari; Niemivirta, Markku; Nieminen, Juha; Lonka, Kirsti

2011-01-01

493

Revised: 3.28.20144 Bb9: Blackboard Mobile for iOS p. 1 of 3 The Blackboard Mobile Learn app for iOS devices allows you to access your Blackboard courses  

E-print Network

Revised: 3.28.20144 Bb9: Blackboard Mobile for iOS p. 1 of 3 The Blackboard Mobile Learn app for i the app, go to the Apple App Store and search for Blackboard Mobile Learn 2. Once you have downloaded the app, launch the application 3. In the search box, search for Hunter College 4. Once CUNY ­ Hunter

Qiu, Weigang

494

A Parallel Approach for Mobile Robotic Self-Localization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Navigation is the foundation of mobile robots. In order to plan its path and successfully move in the environment a robot must know its on position in it. The problem is called self-localization and it consists of estimating the position of a robot given a map of the environment and information obtained by sensors. One of the most efficient algorithms

P. T. M. Saito; D. F. Wolf; B. A. Mendona; K. R. L. J. C. Branco; R. J. Sabatine

2009-01-01

495

A Quantitative Approach to Triaging in Mobile Forensics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forensic study of mobile devices is a relatively new field, dating from the early 2000s. The proliferation of phones (particularly smart phones) on the consumer market has caused a growing demand for forensic examination of the devices, which could not be met by existing Computer Forensics techniques. As a matter of fact, Law enforcement are much more likely to encounter

Fabio Marturana; Gianluigi Me; Rosamaria Berte; Simone Tacconi

2011-01-01

496

An aggressive approach to failure restoration of PCS mobility databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Personal Communications Services (PCS) networks, subscribers' current locations are usually maintained using a two-level hierarchical strategy with two types of databases, specifically, VLRs and HLRs. Location records might be lost due to the malfunction of mobility databases. GSM uses aggressive restoration to restore the HLR data from the VLRs. However, previous work on aggressive restoration is based on periodic

Tsan-Pin Wang; Chien-Chao Tseng; Wen-Kuang Chou

1997-01-01

497

Generative Approaches for Application Tailoring of Mobile Devices  

E-print Network

wireless devices are the screen size and the operating environment. These two differences require USA 35487-0290 Phone: (205)-348-6363 jones@cs.ua.edu ABSTRACT The popularity of mobile devices has devices are capable of using J2ME, but require the code to be packaged specifically to run in each

Gray, Jeffrey G.

498

Popularizing folk stories among young generation through mobile game approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Folktale is part of people's culture and heritage which represent an identity of a society. Malaysia is rich with folktale which is traditionally transmitted orally from generation to generation. Unfortunately this heritage is slowly being forgotten by our young generation. We studied digital game as a means to deliver folktales to technologically savvy youngsters. m-MyTale is a mobile game developed

N. F. M. Nusran; N. A. M. Zin

2010-01-01

499

Larvae, Ladies and Learning: The Project Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Project Approach and how it was used in a Grade 1 exploration of Painted Lady butterflies in Ontario, Canada. Outlines the students' experience with the project and examines the compatibility of the Project Approach with the Ontario Science and Technology Curriculum document. Maintains that the Project Approach supports and…

Whitham, Laurel; Killoran, Isabel

2003-01-01

500

Reinforcement function design and bias for efficient learning in mobile robots  

SciTech Connect

The main paradigm in sub-symbolic learning robot domain is the reinforcement learning method. Various techniques have been developed to deal with the memorization/generalization problem, demonstrating the superior ability of artificial neural network implementations. In this paper, the authors address the issue of designing the reinforcement so as to optimize the exploration part of the learning. They also present and summarize works relative to the use of bias intended to achieve the effective synthesis of the desired behavior. Demonstrative experiments involving a self-organizing map implementation of the Q-learning and real mobile robots (Nomad 200 and Khepera) in a task of obstacle avoidance behavior synthesis are described. 3 figs., 5 tabs.

Touzet, C. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Computer Science and Mathematics Div.; Santos, J.M. [Univ. of Buenos Aires (Argentina). Dept. Computacion

1998-06-01