Note: This page contains sample records for the topic mujeres embarazadas experiencia from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

Seroprevalencia de sífilis en mujeres embarazadas en San Luis Potosí  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To determine the seroprevalence of syphilis in pregnant women. Methods. A seroepidemiologic survey was conducted in 1 857 women giving birth at a general hospital in the city of San Luis Potosi, Mexico. Results. Five women (0.27 %) were diagnosed with syphilis at the time of deliv- ery. Maternal factors associated with a greater likelihood of syphilis included older

Daniel E Noyola; Octavio Malacara-Alfaro; Victoria Lima-Rogel; Abraham Torres-Montes

2006-01-01

2

El consumo de tabaco y la exposición al humo de tabaco en el ambiente durante el embarazo pueden poner en peligro la salud de mujeres y niños en países en desarrollo  

Cancer.gov

Las conclusiones de un estudio del NIH indican que las tasas de consumo de tabaco durante el embarazo, así como la exposición de mujeres embarazadas y de sus niños al humo de tabaco en el ambiente constituyen amenazas significativas para la salud en varios países de ingresos medios y bajos. En unos pocos de los países en donde se tomaron las muestras, incluso algunos de América Latina, los índices de exposición al humo de tabaco probablemente ya son lo suficientemente altos como para justificar una preocupación considerable.

3

Mujeres  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hispanic great-grandmas and great-granddaughters discuss their attitudes toward mothering and being mothers. These women are country and city women; they are business women, artists, maids, and teachers. (NQ)

Elsasser, Nan; And Others

1977-01-01

4

Mujeres en accion: design and baseline data.  

PubMed

The majority of programs designed to promote physical activity in older Hispanic women includes few innovative theory-based interventions that address cultural relevant strategies. The purpose of this report is to describe the design and baseline data for Mujeres en Accion, a physical activity intervention to increase regular physical activity, and cardiovascular health outcomes among older Hispanic women. Mujeres en Accion [Women in Action for Health], a 12 month randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of a social support physical activity intervention in midlife and older Hispanic women. This study tests an innovative intervention, Mujeres en Accion, and includes the use of a theory-driven approach to intervention, explores social support as a theoretical mediating variable, use of a Promotora model and a Community Advisory group to incorporate cultural and social approaches and resources, and use of objective measures of physical activity in Hispanic women. PMID:21298400

Keller, Colleen; Fleury, Julie; Perez, Adriana; Belyea, Michael; Castro, Felipe G

2011-10-01

5

La Mujer Chicana: An Annotated Bibliography, 1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to provide interested persons, researchers, and educators with information about "la mujer Chicana", this annotated bibliography cites 320 materials published between 1916 and 1975, with the majority being between 1960 and 1975. The 12 sections cover the following subject areas: Chicana publications; Chicana feminism and "el movimiento";…

Chapa, Evey, Ed.; And Others

6

Navajo minettes in the Cerros de las Mujeres, New Mexico  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Cerros de las Mujeres in west-central New Mexico are three mafic minette plugs that should be considered part of the Navajo volcanic fields on the central Colorado Plateau. This newly recognized occurrence extends the Navajo volcanic fields to the southeastern margin of the Colorado Plateau, within 45 km of the extensional tectonic setting in which the Mogollon ash-flow tuff cauldrons occur. The Cerros de las Mujeres provide additional evidence for contemporaneous sodic and potassic volcanism within the Navajo volcanic fields.

Vaniman, D.; Laughlin, A. W.; Gladney, E. S.

1985-06-01

7

Mujeres Unidas en Accion: A Popular Education Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development and structure of Mujeres Unidas en Accion, Inc., a nonprofit community-based agency in Dorchester, Massachusetts, that offers educational programs to low-income Latina women, and looks closely at one of its educational components, the Spanish program. (Author/JOW)

Young, Eva; Padilla, Mariwilda

1990-01-01

8

O DESENVOLVIMENTO DE UM GRUPO DE GESTANTES COM A UTILIZAÇÃO DA ABORDAGEM CORPORAL THE DEVELOPMENT OF A GROUP OF PREGNANT WOMEN USING THE BODY APPROACH EL DESARROLLO DE UN GRUPO DE MUJERES EMBARAZADAS CON LA UTILIZACIÓN DEL ABORDAJE CORPORAL  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this research was to identify the emotional and body discomfort expressed by the participants of a group of pregnant women and to describe the body approach resources utilized to relieve the discomforts. An action research strategy was carried out, with a group of pregnant women composed of eight women and four companions. The group was carried out

Luciana Magnoni Reberte; Luiza Akiko; Komura Hoga; Reberte LM; Hoga LAK

2005-01-01

9

Miofibroblastoma extramamario. A propósito de un caso con receptores de progesterona positivos en una mujer embarazada A case report of extramammary myofibroblastoma with progesterone receptors in a pregnant woman  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Mammary myofibroblastoma is a recently described benign tumour with morphological, immunophenotypic and cytogenetic features that suggest a close relation with spin- dle cell lipoma and cellular angiofibroma. An extramam- mary location is exceptionally rare, with only 12 cases published to date. The present case is an extramammary myofibroblastoma occuring in the arm of a pregnant woman. The tumour was

Luis Beltrán Fernández; Dorota Markiewicz

10

Confieso que Divulgo. Reflexiones y Experiencias de una Astrofísica  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Este artículo presenta algunas reflexiones en torno a la popularización de la Ciencia, desarrolladas a lo largo de mi trayectoria profesional, un camino inacabado desde la intuición al oficio. Tras revisar las señas de identidad de la divulgación científica, se exponen ideas, experiencias y recursos, cribados por la práctica y su posterior análisis crítico. Se destacan las actividades relacionadas con la Astronomía, que se cuentan entre las más espectaculares y gratificantes. Confessions of a popularizer: This paper presents some author’s thoughts about scientific outreach, developed along her professional path, an unfinished way from intuition to trade. First, identity signs of outreach are revised; then, ideas, experiences and resources, sifted by practice and further critical analysis, are reviewed. Activities related to Astronomy, being one of the most spectacular and rewarding, are remarked 1

Rodríguez Hidalgo, I.

11

Opciones de cirugía para mujeres con CDIS o con cáncer de seno  

Cancer.gov

Folleto para mujeres con CDIS o con cáncer de seno que pueden operarse con cirugía. Esta guía explica los tipos de cirugía de seno, como la operación para preservar el seno y la mastectomía, y ayuda a las mujeres a decidir cuál cirugía es la mejor opción para ellas.

12

Opciones de cirugía para mujeres con CDIS o con cáncer de seno  

Cancer.gov

E-book para mujeres con CDIS o con cáncer de seno que pueden operarse con cirugía. Esta guía explica los tipos de cirugía de seno, como la operación para preservar el seno y la mastectomía, y ayuda a las mujeres a decidir cuál cirugía es la mejor opción para ellas.

13

El Sobrepeso, la Obesidad y la Anemia Nutricional en la Mujer Adulta  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN OBJETIVOS: Determinar la prevalencia de anemia nutricional en mujeres con sobrepeso y obesidad y el comportamiento de los indicadores de depósito. MATERIAL y MÉTODOS: Se estudió 179 mujeres, entre los 20 a 59 años de edad, con sobrepeso u obesidad, que laboraban o asistían al Hospital Dos de Mayo. Se les pesó, talló y midió el perímetro braquial (PB)

JAIME PAJUELO; CONSUELO MUÑOZ; ABELARDO AYQUIPA; WALTER PONCIANO; RICHARD LÓPEZ

14

Nueva opción de tratamiento para mujeres jóvenes con cáncer de seno sensible a las hormonas  

Cancer.gov

Un fármaco usado para el tratamiento del cáncer de seno (mama), conocido como exemestano, es más eficaz que tamoxifeno, un fármaco preventivo de uso común para el cáncer de seno, en la prevención de la recidiva del cáncer de seno en mujeres jóvenes que también reciben tratamiento posoperativo para suprimir el funcionamiento ovárico. Los resultados de este estudio se presentaron en mujeres que tenían un tipo de cáncer de seno en estadio inicial sensible al tratamiento hormonal.

15

Petrography of Mayan mortar, Isla Mujeres, Quintana Roo, Mexico  

SciTech Connect

Along coastal regions of the Yucatan Peninsula Mayan builders used a mixture of beach sand, shell fragments, and clasts of rock as mortar for construction. With exposure to subaerial conditions, the aragonitic sand was converted into a semi-lithified mortar. Petrographic analysis of mortar samples collected from Mayan ruins on the south end of Isla Mujeres indicates that the mortar is cemented by blocky, meniscus style, low Mg calcite. In addition to the cement, low Mg calcite also occurs as blocky equant crystals either replacing grains or filling grain-moldic porosity. X-ray analysis of both modern beach sand and mortar shows the sand is composed of aragonite and high Mg calcite but lacks low Mg calcite. Mortar, on the other hand, consists of low Mg calcite, high Mg calcite, and aragonite however aragonite is much less abundant than in the sand. Aragonitic ooids, pellets and bioclasts of beach sand used in mortar were dissolved producing moldic porosity. At the same time, CaCO/sub 3/ derived from this process was precipitated as low Mg calcite which formed meniscus cement and filled moldic porosity within the walls of Mayan structures producing a remarkably hard mortar.

Bain, R.J.

1985-01-01

16

Hallazgos histopatológicos en la gastritis nodular. Experiencia en el Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN INTRODUCCIÓN: La gastritis nodular (GN) es un hallazgo endoscópico frecuente en adultos. Desde enero de 1994 a abril 1997 hemos observado que de 3600 endoscopías altas 261 pacientes presentaban este hallazgo. Se piensa que la GN es más frecuente en adultos jóvenes y sobretodo en mujeres. Existe bibliografía que afirma que se presenta en niños con más frecuencia y

Samuel Maghidman; Jaime Cok; Alejandro Bussalleu; TRABAJOS ORIGINALES

2001-01-01

17

[Crustaceans associated to macroalgae in Bajo Pepito, Isla Mujeres, Mexican Caribbean].  

PubMed

Crustaceans associated with macroalgae were collected for one year by scuba diving in Bajo Pepito, Isla Mujeres, mexican Caribbean. A total of 148 organisms were found: three orders, 11 families, 18 genera and 19 species in nine types of associations. The order with highest abundance was Isopoda (112), followed by Amphipoda (20) and Decapoda (16). PMID:11354943

Campos Vázquez, C

2000-01-01

18

Mujeres en ascenso: dinámica del sistema educativo y del mercado laboral en Colombia, 1900-2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

El objetivo principal de la presente investigación es describir y analizar los cambios en la transmisión de conocimiento en los establecimientos educativos femeninos de Bogotá y la participación de la mujer dentro del mercado laboral bogotano. Con base en los resultados que arrojó la Encuesta de empleo de 1963-1970 para Bogotá y la Encuesta Integrada de hogares 2006, se elaboró

María del Pilar López-Uribe; Diana Quintero Castellanos; Loly Aylú Gaitán Guerrero

2011-01-01

19

Relaciones interorganizacionales y el programa de las comunidades especiales de Puerto Rico: Una experiencia de \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este trabajo presenta un análisis de la exitosa experiencia del Programa de Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico de lucha contra la pobreza (2000-2004). El programa utilizó una estrategia de ¿gobierno conjunto¿ en que la coordinación inter-agencial y el trabajo inter-organizacional jugaron un papel estratégico. Se describe la estructura y la forma de operar del programa y se presenta una reflexión

José Sulbrandt

2006-01-01

20

Comunicaci?n de pareja y VIH en mujeres en desventaja social  

PubMed Central

Introducción La epidemia de VIH y SIDA se ha diseminado rápidamente a nivel mundial tendiendo a la feminización, pauperización y heterosexualización. La comunicación de pareja en torno el VIH es descrita como uno de los factores protectores en la adquisición de esta enfermedad, favoreciendo la adopción de conductas sexuales seguras tales como la negociación de pareja y la utilización de preservativo, consideróndose como un pilar fundamental en la incorporación de medidas de autocuidado en la sexualidad femenina. Objetivo Determinar el nivel de comunicación de pareja en torno al VIH en mujeres chilenas en desventaja social. Metodología Cuatrocientas noventa y seis mujeres contestaron la entrevista inicial de la investigación “Testing an HIV/AIDS Prevention Intervention for Chilean Women” (RO1 TW 006977 PI Cianelli). Se utilizó la escala “Health protective sexual communication scale (HPC)” (0–10 puntos). Se realizó un análisis descriptivo utilizando el programa SPSS 16.0. Resultados El promedio del nivel de comunicación de pareja fue de 3,26 ± 2,7 puntos con la pareja principal, de 2,52 ± 2,48 puntos con una segunda pareja y de 0 puntos con una tercera pareja. Los temas de menor comunicación entre las parejas fueron el uso de preservativo y la realización del test para VIH antes de tener relaciones sexuales. Conclusión Las mujeres de la muestra presentan bajos niveles de comunicación de pareja en relación a VIH con todas sus parejas sexuales. Son necesarias estrategias que potencien este tópico dentro de las intervenciones de prevención de VIH y SIDA de manera de fortalecer la adopción de conductas de autocuidado en torno al tema.

Rosina Cianelli, A.; Lilian Ferrer, L.; Margarita Bernales, S.; Natalia Villegas, R.

2009-01-01

21

NCI en el congreso de ASCO: Breve reseña de los resultados de investigaciones sobre cánceres en mujeres  

Cancer.gov

En el congreso anual de la Sociedad Americana de Oncología Clínica (ASCO) 2014 celebrado en junio en Chicago, se destacaron los resultados de varios estudios clínicos patrocinados por el NCI sobre cánceres en la mujer. En su conjunto, estos resultados representan avances importantes en nuestra comprensión de cómo tratar estas enfermedades y mejorar las vidas de quienes se ven afectadas por ellas.

22

Tratamiento ayuda a las mujeres jóvenes a preservar la fertilidad durante la quimioterapia para el cáncer de seno  

Cancer.gov

Las mujeres jóvenes con cáncer de seno (mama) lograron preservar la fertilidad durante los tratamientos del cáncer con un fármaco inyectable bloqueador de hormonas que les provocó menopausia temporal. Los resultados del estudio se anunciaron hoy en el congreso anual de la Sociedad Americana de Oncología Clínica (ASCO), y provienen del Estudio de Prevención de la Menopausia Temprana (POEMS), patrocinado por el Instituto Nacional del Cáncer (NCI).

23

Impact of Mano a Mano Mujer, an HIV Prevention Intervention, on Depressive Symptoms among Chilean Women  

PubMed Central

Background Worldwide, an in Chile, the number of women living with HIV is increasing. Depression is considered a factor that interferes with HIV prevention. Depression may reach 41% among low income Chilean women. Depressed people are less willing to participate in behaviors that protect them against HIV. Objectives To analyze the impact of Mano a Mano-Mujer (MM-M) on depressive symptoms among Chilean women. Methods A quasi-experimental design was used to test the impact of MM-M, an HIV prevention intervention. The research was conducted in Santiago- Chile, a total of 400 women participated in the study (intervention group, n = 182; control group, n = 218). The intervention was guided by the social-cognitive model and the primary health model. The intervention consists of six two-hour sessions delivered in small groups. Sessions covered: HIV prevention, depression, partner's communication, and substance abuse. Face to face interviews were conducted at baseline and at 3 months follow-up Results At 3 months post-intervention, Chilean women who participated in MM-M significantly decreased their reported depressive symptoms. Conclusions MM-M provided significant benefits for women's depression symptoms. This study offers a model that address depression, a risk factor for HIV. It uses nurses as leaders for the screening of depressive symptoms and as facilitators of community interventions.

Cianelli, Rosina; Lara, Loreto; Villegas, Natalia; Bernales, Margarita; Ferrer, Lilian; Kaelber, Lorena; Peragallo, Nilda

2012-01-01

24

America's Women of Color: Integrating Cultural Diversity into Non-Sex-Biased Curricula. Filmstrip User's Guide for La Mujer Hispana: Mito y Realidad (The Hispanic Woman: Myth and Reality).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of five filmstrip users' guides that can be used to increase understanding of minority women in the United States by supplying basic information on their histories, current concerns, myths, and misleading stereotypes. The guide was designed to be used with a filmstrip entitled "La Mujer Hispana: Mito y Realidad (The Hispanic…

Saint Paul Public Schools, MN.

25

DEPRESIÓN EN ADOLESCENTES EMBARAZADAS Depression in pregnant adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this work was to determine whether there are different levels of de- pression in teenage pregnant women, taking into account the age at which they got pregnant, as well as the support given by family and friends. The study was non-experimental, descriptive and exploratory. The sample consisted of 100 feminine subjects, of which 50 were pregnant teenagers

Patricia Martínez Lanz; K. Romano Waysel; México Norte

2009-01-01

26

LOS ESTEREOTIPOS SOCIALES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cuando una mujer se queda embarazada, es habitual escuchar cómo se le pregunta si sabe si será niño o niña. Es como si todo lo que un embarazo conlleva, se redujera a esa cuestión, considerada como lo crucial, lo más importante. Y nos preguntamos, ¿ por qué necesitamos saber el sexo del bebé?, ¿no es más importante preguntar por la

Nuria María Palanco López

2009-01-01

27

PREVALENCIA DE ANORMALIDADES EN LA CITOLOGIA EXOENDOCERVICAL EN UNA POBLACION DE EMBARAZADAS DE POPAYAN 2006  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the abnormalities in pap smears found in external ambulatory service to pregnant women in Hospital San Jose , Hospital level II Susana Lopez de Valencia and universitary center health Alfonso Lopez de la Universidad del Cauca in

Luis A. Ospina; María Piedad Acosta; Diego Illera

28

Femme, Frau, Mujer: A World of Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to requests from students for information about the role of women in target-language cultures, a curriculum was developed by the Minneapolis public schools for women's studies in the high school foreign language classroom. The focus was on women in French, German, and Spanish-speaking countries. The role of women in these cultures has…

Roe, Mary Jane B.

29

Mujeres Latinas--Santas y Marquesas.  

PubMed

This presidential address is a conceptualization and application of psychohistorical and mestizo psychology frameworks to address gender and ethnic identity conflicts for contemporary Latinas. Connections are made between historical and cultural icons and Latina literature of the 21st century with protagonists who give voice to the struggles of acculturated and self-empowered women. Spanish terms are used to communicate and give emphasis to the Latino landscape. The article comes to conclusion with personal reflections about María Morales de Zaldívar, or Mamá, the author's grandmother, who embodies the santa y marquesa life script. PMID:12416317

Arredondo, Patricia

2002-11-01

30

Mujer con astenia: panarteritis nodosa microvascular  

Microsoft Academic Search

Según la Sociedad Española de Reumatología (SER) la incidencia de Panarteritis nodosa (PAN) microscópica es de 2 casos por millón de habitantes. Si hacemos cálculos en el total de la población española serían 92 casos. Es una patología no muy frecuente ni conocida. Presenta inicialmente síntomas generales inespecíficos (60-70 % de los casos), como fiebre, malestar, astenia, anorexia, pérdida de

Eva Pablos Herrero; Victòria Sabaté Cintas; Anna Fabra Noguera

2010-01-01

31

Hernioplastia con técnica de prolene hernia system. Experiencia institucional  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Background: The use of tension-free techniques has dem- onstrated the effectiveness in inguinal hernias. The most com- mon are mesh plug and Lichtenstein patch. Recently, the Prolene Hernia System (PHS) has been introduced, with the advantage of a low rate of recurrence, prompt recovery to daily activities, and a short learning curve in the technique, making this procedure easy

Daniel Suárez-Flores; Luis Manuel Oropeza-Navarrete

2007-01-01

32

Autotrasplante (AT) de progenitores hematopoyéticos en mieloma múltiple: Experiencia clínica  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Multiple myeloma is rarely curable. Advances in high dose chemotherapy and stem cell transplantation have improved overall survival and event-free disease periods, but relapses are inevitable. Aim: To report our experience with AT in multiple myeloma, between 1994 and 2003. Material and Methods: Retrospective analysis of 20 patients (12 women), with a mean age of 51.1 years. VAD (vincristine,

Claudio Flores P; Guillermo Conte L; Patricia Fardella B; Daniel Araos H; Jorge Alfaro L; Paola Aravena R; Néstor González G

2005-01-01

33

[Epiphytic algae from Bajo Pepito, Isla Mujeres, Quintana Roo, Mexico].  

PubMed

A total of 96 epiphytic algae species were identified from Bajo Pepito, Quintana Roo, México. 60.4% (58) belonged to the Rhodophyta, 19.79% (19) to the Phaeophyta, 16.6% (16) to the Chlorophyta and 3.1% (3) to the Cyanophyta; 49 species (50.5%) were found only in one month, while Heterosiphonia crispella was found in all of the sampled months. That species provided the largest contribution to the biomass of epiphytes. During January we registered the greater biommass and richness of epiphytes species, coincidently with high values of host species cover and rainfall. PMID:18494302

Quan-Young, L I; Díaz-Martín, M A; Espinoza-Avalos, J

2006-06-01

34

Paradoxes, Protests and the Mujeres de Negro of Northern Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

On November 25, 2002, thousands of people marched through the streets of Mexico City and demanded, in the name of social justice, an end to the violence against women in northern Mexico. ‘Ni Una Más’ (not one more) was their chant and is also the name of their social justice campaign. Their words referred to the hundreds of women and

Melissa W. Wright

2005-01-01

35

Factores de riesgo para cáncer cervicouterino en mujeres de Zacatecas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To determine the sociodemographic character- istics and the reproductive and sexual behavior of partici- pants in the Cervical Cancer Prevention and Control Program and to identify the risk factors for this neoplasm. Material and methods. A case control study was performed among participants in the Cervical Cancer Prevention and Control Program in the state of Zacatecas. The cases consisted

Maura Sara Castañeda-Iñiguez; Rebeca Toledo-Cisneros; Mario Aguilera-Delgadillo

1998-01-01

36

Epidemiología de las enfermedades cardiovasculares en la mujer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both mortality due to cerebrovascular disease in individuals aged under 85 years and mortality due to acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are lower in women than men. In contrast, the age-adjusted 28-day case fatality rate after a first AMI is 20% higher in women, particularly in countries where the incidence of AMI is low. In Spain, the case fatality rate is

Jaume Marrugat; Joan Sala; Jaime Aboal

2006-01-01

37

Ideación suicida y características asociadas en mujeres adolescentes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To determine the prevalence of suicidal ide- ation and the symptomatic profile as well as to identify the sociodemographic characteristics highlighting female ado- lescents with the highest scores on suicidal ideation in ad- olescents living in Mexico City: students and suicidal patients. Material and methods. A cross-sectional and ex-post-facto study was carried out in order to analize information from

Catalina González-Forteza; Shoshana Berenzon-Gorn; Ana Ma. Tello-Granados; Dulce Facio-Florez; Ma. Elena Medina-Mora Icaza

1998-01-01

38

Mujer de 90 años con dolor torácico pleurítico  

Microsoft Academic Search

El signo de Chilaiditi es una alteración anatómica que consiste en la interposición de una parte de colon generalmente el derecho entre hígado y diafragma. No es un cuadro frecuente y predomina sobre todo en varones mayores de 65 años.

Inmaculada Burgos Remacha; Julio Navaz Tejero; Juan Fernando Fernandez Moyano

2010-01-01

39

Mujeres de La Raza (Women of the Race).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit profiles nine women of La Raza who have contributed to the betterment of humanity and Hispanic culture. It encourages students to learn about them and other Raza women as models of people involved in the Chicano community. The unit, offered in both Spanish and English, also teaches that these representative Raza women had to overcome…

National Hispanic Univ., Oakland, CA.

40

La mujer en la astronomía: pasado y presente  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There exists a long and honorable tradition of participation of women in astronomy, affording many significant contributions to the field. Historically, however, many of these contributions have remained ignored, or recorded under the names of husbands, brothers or bosses. The present report includes an historical perspective, summarizing some of the most signicant contributions done along the last three centuries by female astronomers. Briefly: Catherina Hevelius (1646-1693), author of the largest and last stars catalog made without the aid of a telescope; Nicole-Reine Lepaute (1723-1788) extraordinary mathematician who predicted the path of Halley's Comet in 1757; Caroline Herschel (1750-1848) assistant of her brother William, discovered 8 comets, reduced the positions to a common epoch and published the catalog of 2500 nebulae observed by her brother, was elected honorary member of the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS); Maria Mitchell (1818-1889), professor of astronomy and director of the Vassar College Observatory, dedicated her life to women's education; Williamina Fleming (1857-1911)discovered 94 of the 107 Wolf-Rayet stars known at her time, the bulk of the first HD catalog was based on her spectral types classification; Annie Cannon (1863-1941) examined and classified nearly 500.000 stars, rearranged Fleming's spectral system, defining the OBAFGKM series; Henrietta Swan Leavitt (1868-1921) worked cataloging variable stars, discovered the period-luminosity relations in Cepheids; Cecilia Payne-Gaposhkin combined observations with theory to obtain a temperature scale for Cannon's spectral types; Ruby Payne-Scott (1912-1981), the first female radioastronomer in the world, developed the theory of aperture synthesis, in which most of the larger radio interferometers are based. The present trends are analized based on statistics of the International Astronomical Union (IAU): women represent 11.8% of the total of IAU members; in Argentina the percentage is 33.3%, the highest among countries with more than one member. Based on studies carried out by the American Astronomical Society (AAS) (Boyce 1993) it is concluded that there is virtually no difference in the productivity of men and women. Papers, however, receive different rate depending on the gender of the author (Billard 1993). In CONICET (Argentina), based on studies carried out by the Network of Gender, Science and Technology (for all sciences), it is concluded that even when women are majority in the lower categories, the female percentage rapidly decay for higher categories, suggesting than gender facts may be biasing promotions. Most of these data are taken from Mercury XXI, No. 1, 1992

Dubner, G.

41

Life Course Experiences, Pain and Suffering: A Case Study of an Older Mexican American Woman with Mobility Impairment  

PubMed Central

There is a dearth of literature examining how adversity shapes the experiences of pain and/or suffering in a middle aged Mexican American women. The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to understand pain and suffering from a life course perspective as described by a Mexican American woman aging with early onset mobility impairment. This Hispanic woman experienced episodes of abuse and rejection over the life course, which may have significantly influenced her pain and suffering experience in adulthood. This adds to the literature on how adversity influences later life pain experience and provides insight on why pharmacological treatment alone may not be as successful as a holistic intervention. Hay escasez de literatura que examine cómo la adversidad da forma a las experiencias de dolor y / o sufrimiento en mujeres mexicana-americana mayores de edad. El propósito de este estudio descriptivo cualitativo fue comprender el dolor y el sufrimiento desde una perspectiva de ciclo de vida como descrito por una mujer mexicana-americana envejeciendo con inicio temprano de deterioro de movilidad. Esta Latina experimentó episodios de maltrato y rechazo, que se percibió haber afectado su experiencia de dolor y sufrimiento luego como adulta. Este estudio aumenta la literatura sobre cómo la adversidad influya la experiencia de dolor más tarde en la vida, y nos permite comprender mejor como el tratamiento farmacológico por sí solo no es tan exitoso como pueda ser una intervención integral.

Walker, Janiece L.; Harrison, Tracie C.; Hendrickson, Sherry G.

2012-01-01

42

El papel del gobierno en el desarrollo económico: una reflexión a partir de la experiencia  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN El trabajo expone el aprendizaje obtenido como producto de años de trabajo guberna- mental buscando opciones para impulsar el desarrollo económico competitivo de Jalisco. Se resumen los objetivos prioritarios que guiarían la política económica, así como las estrategias definidas para alcanzarlos; se examinan algunas de las herramientas aplica- das para motivar la cooperación orientada a lograr eficiencia colectiva en

Laura Guevara Domínguez

43

Experiencia de Asia Oriental (Lessons of East Asia: An Overview of Country Experience).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The success of development in East Asia is legendary. No other group of developing countries has done as well in fostering growth, reducing poverty, integrating with world markets, or raising standards of living. Although often spoken of as a single group...

D. M. Leipziger V. Thomas

1993-01-01

44

Una Experiencia Pedagogica en el Jardin Infantil "La Cabana" (A Teaching Experience in "La Cabana" Kindergarten).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the history of La Cabana kindergarten, which provides preschool education and meals for 100 children and sewing classes for mothers in a working class neighborhood in Bogota, Colombia. Describes the implementation of a new curriculum which develops child creativity through free choice of activities around a common project. (AC)

de la Vega, B.

1992-01-01

45

Profesionalismo: Un estudio fenomenologico sobre experiencias de universitarios en programas de salud  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Some studies suggest that, upon admission, medicine programs students display eagerness for community service, aspirations to be useful, and to contribute to society's well-being. Those same studies reflect that qualities of idealism, moral nature, and internal motivation, suffer a subsequent diminishing. The researchers inferred that the main reason for this process of change in the mood and disposition of these future physicians lies in the modeling they receive from medical professionals throughout clinical learning activities, by way of behavior and relationships exhibited during daily interaction with peers, patients and the students themselves. This phenomenological study used a cross-sectional sample to explore the experiences of future health workers as they went through didactic and clinical phases of their training curriculum. The study employed semi-structured interviews and reflective journals to explore those experiences and to discover the meanings ascribed by the participants. The analysis revealed that the students defined "professionalism" in terms of scientific knowledge, commitment, respect for human dignity, comradeship, courtesy, empathy, integrity, altruism, motivation. They also described their feelings as they went through the didactic and clinical experiences, and recognized as very important the extracurricular activities of community service, describing them as useful opportunities which contributed to understand their work in terms of a mission dedicated to the achievement of the social benefit. From their individual perspectives, the clinical environment could, in general, be described as congruent with those characteristics of professionalism. During the study we had the opportunity to share, in a little deeper way, the environment... the world... of this small group of young students as we went on trying to decipher their feelings and thoughts. At the end, we realized the richness of their sensibilities, we perceived the intensity of their moral and ethical convictions, we were able to understand their concerns, worries, struggles and efforts. This life event had profound and significant repercussions in our personal and professional life. As a result, and from now on, we will no longer look at our young scholars and apprentices without imagining a noble spirit, with goals which at times could seem unattainable... without completely visualizing or conceiving real hope for a better country.

Lopez Ortiz, Wilma J.

46

CRISIS BANCARIA Y FINANCIERA: UN REPASO A LA TEORÍA Y A LA EXPERIENCIA ARGENTINA RECIENTE  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN: En la década del 90 se han producido crisis cambiarias y financieras recurrentes que han afectado a la mayoría de las economías emergentes. Diversas explicaciones se brindaron en este aspecto y es objetivo del presente trabajo revisar las teorías desarrolladas para fundamentar las cau- sas de dichas crisis. También en el trabajo se brinda una revisión de las distintas

Cristian S. Iunnisi

2004-01-01

47

Del socialismo de Estado a la economía de mercado. Experiencias en Alemania Oriental  

Microsoft Academic Search

En esta conferencia, dictada en la Universidad Nacional en Abril de 1993, se describe el proceso de transformación de Alemania Oriental y se analiza el proceso de reestructuración económica, tomando como ejemplo la industria de la construcción naval. Su detallado análisis de los efectos de la reunificación alemana y la transformación de la economía de Alemania Oriental todavía no son

Heiner Heseler

1994-01-01

48

EL DESARROLLO RURAL Y EL ARRENDAMIENTO DE TIERRAS: LA EXPERIENCIA EN EL BRASIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the two last decades, in many countries of Latin America, a renaissance of the agrarian politics was verified. These had been implemented, almost always, in the context of the programs of combat to the poverty and promotion of the agricultural development. In this situation it fits to mention the system of land lease, sufficiently used in some latin and

Patrícia José de Almeida

49

Factores de riesgo y secuelas reproductivas asociados a la infección por Chlamydia trachomatis en mujeres infértiles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To assess the clinical and sexual lifestyle charac- teristics associated with Chlamydia trachomatis infection among women diagnosed with infertility. Material and Me- thods. Study subjects were women with an infertility diag- nosis attending the infertility clinic at the National Institute of Perinatology. Endocervical specimens from 309 women were examined for Chlamydia trachomatis using the direct immunofluorescence method. Vaginal culture

Fernando Guerra-Infante; Saúl Flores-Medina; Gabriel Arteaga-Troncoso; Angélica Zamora-Ruiz; Marcela López-Hurtado; Federico Javier Ortiz-Ibarra

2003-01-01

50

Mano a Mano Mujer: An Effective HIV Prevention for Chilean Women  

PubMed Central

The impact of a professionally-facilitated peer group intervention for HIV prevention among 400 low income Chilean women was examined using a quasi-experimental design. At three months post-intervention, the intervention group had higher HIV-related knowledge, more positive attitudes towards people living with HIV, fewer perceived condom use barriers, greater self-efficacy, higher HIV reduction behavioral intentions, more communication with partners about safer sex, and decreased depression symptoms. However, they did not have increased condom use or self-esteem. More attention to gender barriers is needed. This intervention offers a model for reducing HIV for women in Chile and other Latin American countries.

Cianelli, Rosina; Ferrer, Lilian; Norr, Kathleen F.; Miner, Sarah; Irarrazabal, Lisette; Bernales, Margarita; Peragallo, Nilda; Levy, Judith; Norr, James L.; McElmurry, Beverly

2012-01-01

51

Perspectivas de las mujeres maltratadas sobre la violencia de pareja en México  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To identify personal, cultural, and institutional factors that hinder the solution to domestic violence. Ma- terial and Methods. In Quintana Roo, Coahuila, and Mex- ico City, 26 in-depth interviews with women currently suffering from intimate partner violence and others who had already found a solution were carried out, between May and November 2003. Results. Among women's explana- tions to

Carolina Agoff; Ari Rajsbaum; Cristina Herrera

2006-01-01

52

Diseño metodológico de la Encuesta Nacional sobre Violencia contra las Mujeres en México  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To describe the methodology, the research de- signs used, the estimation and sample selection, variable definitions, collection instruments, and operative design and analytical procedures for the National Survey Violence Against Women in Mexico. Material and Methods. A com- plex (two-step) cross-sectional study was designed and the qualitative design was carried out using in-depth interviews and participant observation in health

Gustavo Olaiz; Aurora Franco; Oswaldo Palma; Carlos Echarri; Rosario Valdez; Cristina Herrera

2006-01-01

53

Diseño metodológico dela Encuesta Nacional sobre Violencia contra las Mujeres en México  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Objective. To describe the methodology, the research de- signs used, the estimation and sample selection, variable definitions, collection instruments, and operative design and analytical procedures ,for the National Survey Violence Against Women,in Mexico. Material and Methods. A com- plex (two-step) cross-sectional study was designed and the qualitative design was carried out using in-depth interviews and participant observation,in health,care units.

Gustavo Olaiz; Aurora Franco; Lic en Tr Soc; Oswaldo Palma; Carlos Echarri; en Demografía; M en Antrop; Cristina Herrera

54

Las Mujeres: Conversations from a Hispanic Community. Women's Lives/Women's Work Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The life stories of 21 Hispanic women of New Mexico spanning roughly four generations, are recorded in this book. Four sections ("But I Remember,""The Soul of the Home,""Little by Little," and "A Lighted Fire") develop these central themes: the shift from a rural to an urban environment; the struggle to preserve culture and traditions; changes in…

Elsasser, Nan; And Others

55

Mujeres de Guadalajara y violencia doméstica: resultados de un estudio piloto 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Domestic violence against women is a sociomedical problem that continues to be overlooked by health institutions specifically and Mexican society as a whole. There are a hand- ful of initial studies on this issue that report on the problem in specific areas of the country. This is a pilot study on 57 women from Guadalajara, Mexico, selected through a multi-stage

Juan Carlos; Ramírez Rodríguez; María Concepción; Patiño Guerra

56

Las Mujeres Saludables : Reaching Latinas for Breast, Cervical and Colorectal Cancer Prevention and Screening  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community health advisors have effectively promoted breast and cervical cancer prevention and screening among low-income Latina\\u000a women. Specific elements of such programs, such as enhanced social support, may explain successes. Promotion of colorectal\\u000a cancer screening has been less studied. Promotoras de Salud (i.e., Latina health advisors) implemented a 12-week program among women recruited from community-based organizations. The\\u000a program educated 366

Linda Larkey

2006-01-01

57

Mujeres felices por ser saludables: a breast cancer risk reduction program for Latino women  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundBreast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer and the most common cause of cancer mortality among Latino women. Several behavioral factors such as early detection and dietary practices could help decrease morbidity and mortality associated with breast cancer in this population. Unfortunately, there are few data regarding the efficacy of health-related interventions for young Latino women.

Marian L Fitzgibbon; Susan M Gapstur; Sara J Knight

2003-01-01

58

Maestras, Mujeres y Mas: Creating Teacher Networks for Resistance and Voice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ethnographic case study documents the socialization of Chicana teachers entering the teaching profession within the past 5 years. As college students, they were actively involved in social justice issues. The belief system of these teachers is based on critical pedagogy, multicultural and antiracist education, and Chicano/a studies--the…

Montano, Theresa; Burstein, Joyce

2006-01-01

59

Repercusiones psicopatológicas de la violencia doméstica en la mujer en función de las circunstancias del maltrato  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper the psychopathological consequences in battered women related to violent circumstances have been analysed in a sample of 212 victims who were under psychological treatment. The results showed that psychopathological severity (posttraumatic stress and emotional distress) is related to different circumstances: li-

Pedro J. Amor; Enrique Echeburúa; Paz de Corral; Irene Zubizarreta

2002-01-01

60

Las mujeres saludables: reaching Latinas for breast, cervical and colorectal cancer prevention and screening.  

PubMed

Community health advisors have effectively promoted breast and cervical cancer prevention and screening among low-income Latina women. Specific elements of such programs, such as enhanced social support, may explain successes. Promotion of colorectal cancer screening has been less studied. Promotoras de Salud (i.e., Latina health advisors) implemented a 12-week program among women recruited from community-based organizations. The program educated 366 Latinas in breast, cervical and colorectal cancer prevention and screening and emphasized social support among class members. Pre- and post-intervention assessments demonstrated significant increases for fruit and vegetable consumption (3.05 to 3.60 servings/day), and physical activity (65.15 to 122.40 minutes/week). Of women previously non-compliant, 39 percent, 31 percent and 4 percent received Pap tests, mammography, and fecal occult blood test (FOBT), respectively. A culturally aligned education program using community health advisors and emphasizing social support among participants may improve prevention and selected screening behaviors, but more intensive interventions may be required for colorectal cancer screening compliance. PMID:16482767

Larkey, Linda

2006-02-01

61

Trabajo remunerado, trabajo doméstico y salud: las diferencias cualitativas y cuantitativas entre mujeres y varones  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the relationship between wage labor, housewifery, and health from a gender perspective. The relationship between the two types of work determines the char- acteristics and meaning of daily life. The methodology combined quantitative and qualitative techniques. An individual questionnaire was applied to 256 male and 121 female workers (n = 377) in a modern pharmaceutical factory in

Adriana Cecilia Cruz; Mariano Noriega

2003-01-01

62

En el Norte la Mujer MandaGender, Generation, and Geography in a Mexican Transnational Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores generational and migration-related changes in gender and marriage in two locations of a transnational community of Mexicans: the sending community in western Mexico and the receiving community in Atlanta. The principal method was life histories, focusing on 13 women in Atlanta and their sisters or sisters-in-law in Mexico; life history informants' mothers and husbands were also interviewed.

JENNIFER S. HIRSCH

1999-01-01

63

Depresion: Lo Que Toda Mujer Debe Saber (Depression: What Every Woman Should Know).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication, written in Spanish, explains why women are at greater risk for depression than men. Types of depressive illnesses are explained along with the symptoms. It states that some women are predisposed genetically to depression but biochemical, environmental, psychological, and social factors also often contribute to its occurrence.…

National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Bethesda, MD.

64

Tumor de células de Leydig de ovario: una causa infrecuente de virilización en la mujer posmenopáusica  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leydig cell tumor of the ovary is a very rare neoplasm that usually occurs in postmenopausal women. We report the case of a 72-year-old woman with symptoms of virilization. Hormonal evaluation showed marked elevation of serum testosterone (12038pg\\/ml) and no evidence of increased production of other sexual hormones. Ultrasound examination revealed a 10-mm tumor within the left ovary. Subsequently, total

L. Yébenes; J. Ignacio Sánchez; J. de Santiago; M. Santiago; F. Gilsanz; A. Suárez; D. Hardisson

2005-01-01

65

Significado de los cambios en los senos: Guía para la salud de la mujer  

Cancer.gov

Información sobre cambios o padecimientos específicos de los senos y cómo se detectan, diagnostican y tratan estos cambios. Aquí se explica que si bien la mayoría de los cambios en los senos no son cancerosos, estos deben ser examinados por un médico. También se ofrece información sobre los pasos a seguir después de un resultado anormal de una mamografía y se incluye una lista de preguntas para el doctor.

66

Significado de los cambios en los senos: Guía para la salud de la mujer  

Cancer.gov

E-book que describe los cambios o padecimientos específicos de los senos e incluye información sobre cómo se detectan, diagnostican y tratan estos cambios. Aquí se explica que si bien la mayoría de los cambios en los senos no son cancerosos, estos deben ser examinados por un médico. También se ofrece información sobre los pasos a seguir después de un resultado anormal de una mamografía y se incluye una lista de preguntas para el doctor.

67

Factores predictores de conductas promotoras de salud en mujeres peri- post-menopáusicas de Cali, Colombia  

Microsoft Academic Search

(64.3%), relaciones interpersonales (60.7%), manejo del estrés (57.9%), nutrición (57.3%), responsabilidad en salud (54.9%) y la más baja fue actividad física (49%). El modelo de regresión múltiple, mostró 7 factores que predijeron 37.1% de la variabilidad en las CPS: percepción del estado de salud (R 2 =21%, p<0.0001); auto-eficacia (R 2 =20.5%, p<0.0001); educación formal (R 2 =8.3%, p<0.0001); autonomía

ZAIDER T RIVIÑO; JASNA STIEPOVICH; JOSÉ M. MERINO

2007-01-01

68

Determinantes del uso inconsistente del condón en mujeres que tienen sexo vaginal, oral y anal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Title: Consistent condom use determinants among woman that have vaginal, oral and anal sex. Abstract. Some variables from the psychological prevention model ap- plied to AIDS were examined as predictors of consistent condom use dur- ing vaginal, oral and anal sex among university woman. A cross-sectional correlational design was used with a sample of 355 university female stu- dents' age

Susana Robles Montijo; Julio Alfonso; Piña López; Diana Moreno Rodríguez

69

NIVELES DE PLAGUICIDAS ORGANOCLORADOS PERSISTENTES EN MUJERES CON CARCINOMA MAMARIO EN VERACRUZ  

Microsoft Academic Search

The etiology of breast cancer implicates organochlorine pesticides in the prevalence of the illness, due to their action as hormonal disrupters and bioaccumulation in the human body. During the study, 21 samples of adipose tissue adhered to mammary tumors and 21 control samples of abdominal adipose tissue from women subjected to hernia surgery were taken. The organochlorine pesticide levels were

Stefan M. WALISZEWSKI; MEZA HERNÁNDEZ; Rosa M. INFANZÓN

2003-01-01

70

A Standards-Based Thematic Unit: "La Mujer Que Brillaba Aun Mas Que el Sol"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit was created as a result of a summer institute sponsored by the National K-12 Foreign Language Resource Center at Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa. The Center's goal is to improve student learning of foreign languages in kindergarten through twelfth grade (K-12). To this end, the Center provides professional support for foreign language…

Bullitt, Leslie Kay; Gonzalez, Augusta C.; Luna, Boni

1998-01-01

71

La imagen corporal en adolescentes mujeres: Su valor predictivo en trastornos alimentarios1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The association was evaluated among eating disorders with the dissatisfaction of the corporal image. A sample of adolescent women was analysed, without medi- cal diagnosis of eating disorders (n= 120), being divide the same one in two groups: 12 to 14 years (n=60) and 18 to 20 (n = 60). The Inventory of Alimentary Disorders was applied (EDI-2) of Garner

María Fernanda Rivarola

72

EFECTOS SOBRE LA ENFERMEDAD CARDIOVASCULAR DE LA TERAPIA HORMONAL DE REEMPLAZO EN LA MUJER CLIMATERICA: ACTUALIZACION  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE HORMONE REPLACEMENT THERAPY EFFECTS ON CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE IN CLIMATERIC WOMAN The reason of this review is that when being coronary heart disease (CHD) the main cause of morbility and mortality in 65 years older women from west countries (45 % of the deaths) and to exist controversy in the prescription of the hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for primary and

Luis Daniel Navarro

73

Consumo de energía y nutrimentos en mujeres mexicanas en edad reproductiva  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To analyze energy and nutrient consumption in Mexican women from 12 to 49 years of age. Material and methods. Dietetic information was gathered by a 24 h re- call from 9 101 women who participated in the National Nutrition Survey conducted in 1988. These data were com- pared with sociodemographic and physiologic characteris- tics. Nutrient consumption was compared with

MARIO FLORES; HUGO MELGAR; CECILIA CORTÉS; MARTA RIVERA; JUAN RIVERA; JAIME SEPÚLVEDA

1998-01-01

74

[Gender and work: the experience of providers of health services to indigenous women from Guerrero y Oaxaca].  

PubMed

The scope of this paper was to identify the role of gender for women as workers, through the perception and discourse of health service providers at the 'Health Centers for Indigenous Women' ("Casas de Salud de las Mujeres Indígenas") in Ometepec, Guerrero and Matías Romero, Oaxaca, Mexico. It is a qualitative study, based on a secondary analysis of the interviews conducted as part of the "Rescatando la experiencia de la Casa de la Mujer Indígena: sistematización y evaluación del proceso" project. A strong sense of the value of work and a strong commitment towards the community were identified. Guilt appears as the result of tension between work outside the home and the responsibilities as mothers and wives. The possibility of helping other women is a source of gratification that dissipates these conflicts; prestige and recognition are added to the benefits of their role. The labor experience of female workers in the "Casas de Salud de las Mujeres Indígenas" of Matías Romero, Oaxaca and Ometepec, Guerrero, described in this paper, reveals that it has very specific characteristics, which are difficult to replicate in other regions of the country. In future studies it is necessary to consider the different contexts of vulnerability. PMID:22450415

Amaya-Castellanos, Claudia Isabel; Pelcastre-Villafuerte, Blanca; Márquez-Serrano, Margarita; Juárez-Ramírez, Clara

2012-03-01

75

Los Asentamientos Campesinos: Una Experiencia Panamena en Reforma Agraria (Rural Settlements: An Experiment on Agrarian Reformation in Panama).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The situation of the Panama rural population is analyzed through historical periods. The marked differences between the two zones of the country; the more sophisiticated area crossed by the Canal and the hinterland of the interior are contrasted. Comparis...

S. Heckadon

1973-01-01

76

Ensino de Sistemas de Informac ¸ ˜ ao para Cursos de Graduac ¸ ˜ ao em Computac ¸ ˜ ao: Uma Experiencia Integrada e Inovadora  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teaching Information Systems in Computer graduation course s uses techniques already being applyed in market for some years, b ut when the aim is to integrate new technologies to systems practice at real or ganization environ- ments, new integrated and inovative approaches need to be us ed. This article presents a teaching proposal for Information Systems based on an inovative

Ghedini Ralha; Jorge Henrique Cabral Fernandes

77

El papel de la Universidad en el desarrollo y la innovación tecnológica: la experiencia catalana (Relación Universidad-Empresa-Gobierno)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este trabajo busca proporcionar algunos elementos que permitan valorar una de las facetas de la contribución de la Universidad a su nueva misión, aquella orientada al desarrollo tecnológico y, como consecuencia, al desarrollo económico. En la primera parte se plantea que la nueva misión de la Universidad, además de las funciones clásicas referidas a la formación de recurso humano y

Dolly Yazmín Camacho Corredor

2003-01-01

78

Ponencia MicrAS : UNA EXPERIENCIA DE CAMBIO DE PARADIGMAS EN ECONOMÍA CON MICROMUNDOS DESARROLLADOS CON DINÁMICA DE SISTEMAS  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN La crisis generalizada a que nos vemos abocados parece obedecer en g ran parte a las múltiples deficiencias que presenta por un lado el sistema educativo y por otro la teoría económica, esto se refleja en el comportamiento del sistema económico sometido a la aplicación de políticas que pretenden dar solución a problemas de una gran complejidad. Una alternativa

HUGO H. ANDRADE; ADRIANA R. LIZCANO; ELIÉCER PINEDA

79

En el seno del hogar. Experiencias familiares para desarrollar el alfabetismo (Right at Home. Family Experiences for Building Literacy).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication, a Spanish translation of "Right at Home," is a family involvement program in the form of easy-to-read cartoon-style letters to be used at home by parents or other family members with their preschool or kindergarten-age children. The book is designed to be used independently by parents, or to be reproduced and distributed to…

Hansen, Merrily P.; Armstrong, Gloria

80

TUMORES ANEXIALES EN NIÑAS Y ADOLESCENTES: EXPERIENCIA DEL HOSPITAL CLÍNICO DE LA UNIVERSIDAD CATÓLICA DE CHILE, 1991-2003  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY A retrospective analysis of a thirteen years experience in the surgical management of adnexal mass in girls and teenagers younger than 19 years old was done. We reviewed the clinical course and pathological findings of 106 patients. A 62% of adnexal masses were due to neoplasic formation, the majority of them originated in the ovary. Among the neoplasic lesions,

2006-01-01

81

RIESGOS ASOCIADOS AL CONSUMO DE ALCOHOL DURANTE EL EMBARAZO EN MUJERES ALCOHÓLICAS DE LA CIUDAD DE MÉXICO  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Alcoholism is among the main worldwide public health problems and it affects men and women differentially. Several studies show that, when compared to men, women develop more severe depen- dence, more family and social consequences and experience more difficulties to stop drinking. Differences on the impact that substance abuse has on women's life and health are related to the

Shoshana Berenzon Gorn; Martha Romero Mendoza; Marcela Tiburcio Sainz; Estela Rojas Guiot

82

Violencia contra la mujer: conocimiento y actitud del personal médico del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Morelos, México  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To asses the affective, cognitive, and behavioral attitudes of healthcare providers at the Mexican Institute of Social Security (MISS) in Morelos, Mexico; to identify the institutional and medical practice barriers that hinder scree- ning and reference of battered women. Material and Me- thods. A cross-sectional study was conducted between September and December 1999. A self-administered ques- tionnaire was applied

Pablo Méndez-Hernández; Rosario Valdez-Santiago; Leonardo Viniegra-Velázquez; Leonor Rivera-Rivera; Jorge Salmerón-Castro

2003-01-01

83

EL DELITO DE AMENAZA COMO FORMA DE VIOLENCIA CONTRA LA MUJER EN EL MUNICIPIO BÁGUANOS DE LA PROVINCIA DE HOLGUÍN  

Microsoft Academic Search

Para llevar a cabo el presente trabajo se partió de una revisión bibliográfica en la cual se sustenta el análisis y la sistematización de los contenidos teóricos referidos. La recogida de información se realiza a través de un conjunto de técnicas complementarias entre sí respondiendo a los objetivos de la investigación. En la obtención de los datos se parte primeramente

Sara Dilaidis Rodríguez Betancourt

2011-01-01

84

La vulnerabilidad e invisibilidad de las mujeres ante el VIH\\/SIDA: constantes y cambios en el tema  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents some thoughts on the problems endured by women facing HIV\\/AIDS. World and nationwide statistics show an upward trend of the epidemic among women, calling for the need to address this problem. A case is made for the way in which gender structure and relations facilitate the vulnerability of women to this disease, increasing their risk of infection

Cristina Herrera; Lourdes Campero

2002-01-01

85

EL CUIDADO DE SÍ DE LA EMBARAZADA DIABÉTICA COMO UNA VIA PARA ASEGURAR UN HIJO SANO SELF-CARE OF DIABETIC PREGNANT WOMEN, A WAY OF ENSURING A HEALTHY BABY O CUIDADO DE SI DE GESTANTES DIABÉTICAS COMO UM CAMINHO PARA ASSEGURAR UM FILHO SAUDÁVEL  

Microsoft Academic Search

This focused ethnography explored the beliefs, values, habits and behavioral patterns of diabetic pregnant women who were treated in Hospital Doutor Enrique Tejera, residents of three poor, urban communities in the city of Valencia, Venezuela. The purpose of this study was to find the meaning of self-care for these pregnant women. The Health Analysis, the Theory of Diversity, and the

Carmen Amarilis; Guerra de Castillo; Marta Lucía Vásquez

2006-01-01

86

Experiencias com Processamento Digital de Imagens no INPE (Instituto de Pesquisas Espaciais) (Experiences with Digital Processing of Images at INPE (Instituto de Pesquisas Espaciais)).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Four different research experiments with digital image processing at INPE will be described: (1) edge detection by hypothesis testing; (2) image interpolation by finite impulse response filters; (3) spatial feature extraction methods in multispectral clas...

N. D. A. Mascarenhas

1984-01-01

87

En Busqueda de la Escuela del Siglo XXI: Dos Experiencias de Autoaprendizaje (In Search of the 21st Century School: Two Self-Learning Experiences).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a contribution to the dialogue that is maintained today around the problems of education. The book contains four parts: (1) "In Search of the 21st Century School. Can the Colombian New School (EN) Show Us the Way?"; (2) "Experimentation with Self-Learning Materials in Two Schools in Conchali (Chile)"; (3) "Self-Learning Module for the…

Schiefelbein, Ernesto; And Others

88

Experiencias Educativas en el Medio Rural Colombiano. Serie Divulgacion No. 2. [Educational Experiences in the Rural Colombian Milieu. Circulation Series No. 2].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In fulfillment of the Colombian National Government's educational policy aimed toward improving the rural population's level of living, two fundamental projects have been implemented. These projects have led to the creation of schools, the continuous extension of grades, and the creation of "Concentraciones de Desarrollo Rural." They seek to: (1)…

Ministerio de Educacion Nacional, Bogota (Colombia). Centro Nacional de Documentacion e Informacion Pedagogica.

89

Experiencias preliminares de migracion de radionucleidos con materials graniticos: El Berrocal (Espana). (Preliminary experiences of radionuclide migration with granitic materials: El Berrocal (Spain)).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the radionuclide migration in granitic rocks used for radioactive waste storage. This project is developed in El Berrocal (Spain). The author studies the absorption process, applies the transport equation, the column migration and ana...

M. Garcia Gutierrez

1994-01-01

90

La experiencia en la estructuración del PPS de la Universidad Polítécnica de San Luis Potosí - Programa para el Impulso de Asociaciones Público-Privadas en Estados Mexicanos (PIAPPEM)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presentación expuesta durante el Cuarto Encuentro Técnico en Materia de Estructuración de Proyectos de Asociación Público-Privada, llevado a cabo en Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas, México, el 16, 17 y 18 de febrero de 2011. La Universidad Politécnica de San Luis Potosí observa cinco beneficios de trabajar con una Alianza Público Privada (APPs): 1) La Secretaría espera obtener un valor presente neto

Samuel Soberano

2011-01-01

91

Yo Ciudadano: Un Curriculo de Experiencias Para Educacion Civica. Nivel: Tres (Citizen Me: An Experiential Curriculum for Citizenship Education. Level: Three).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Integrating concepts of basic citizenship education with community involvement, this experiential curriculum provides a means for developing decision making and critical thinking skills within the existing third grade social studies curriculum. The 10 lessons, translated into Spanish, cover school rules as personal safety measures, consequences of…

Javora, Angela

92

Yo Ciudadano: Un Curriculo de Experiencias para Educacion Civica. Nivel: Dos (Citizen Me: An Experiential Curriculum for Citizenship Education. Level: Two).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Integrating concepts of basic citizenship education with community involvement, this experiential curriculum provides a means for developing decision making and critical thinking skills within the existing second grade social studies curriculum. The 10 lessons, translated into Spanish, cover the following concepts: friendly, unfriendly and…

Lantz, Jean

93

Yo Ciudadano: Un Curriculo de Experiencias para Educacion Civica. Nivel: Uno (Citizen Me: An Experiential Curriculum for Citizenship Education. Level: One).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Integrating concepts of basic citizenship education with community involvement, this experiential curriculum, written in Spanish, provides a means for developing decision making and critical thinking skills within the existing social studies curriculum in grade 1. Using short stories, field trips, and class discussions, the 11 lessons on…

Loftin, Richard

94

Yo Ciudadano: Un Curriculo de Experiencias para Educacion Civica. Nivel: Cuatro (Citizen Me: An Experiential Curriculum for Citizenship Education. Level: Four).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Integrating concepts of basic citizenship education with community involvement, this experiential curriculum provides a means for developing decision making and critical thinking skills within the existing fourth grade social studies curriculum. The 11 lessons, translated into into Spanish, cover the following concepts: responsibility in the care…

Lazarine, Dianne

95

Yo Ciudadano: Un Curriculo de Experiencias para Educacion Civica. Nivel: Cinco (Citizen Me: An Experiential Curriculum for Citizenship Education. Level: Five).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Integrating concepts of basic citizenship education with community involvement, this experiential curriculum provides a means for developing decision making and critical thinking skills within the existing fifth grade social studies curriculum. The 12 lessons, translated into Spanish, cover the following concepts: responsibility, rules and laws,…

Gutierrez, Merri

96

The Combine Project: An Experience in a Dual-Language Classroom = El proyecto de la cosechadora: una experiencia en una clase bilingue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article, also available in Spanish, describes what happened when a bilingual kindergarten class in West Liberty, Iowa, investigated a combine. The dual-language Kindergarten program supports content area instruction in both Spanish and English. The first part of the article tells the story of the Combine Project, this class's first project…

Wilson, Rebecca

97

Depresion Durante y Despues del Embarazo: Un Informe par Mujeres, Sus Familias y Amigas (Depression During and After Pregnancy: A Resource for Women, Their Families, and Friends).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Depression during or after pregnancy refers to a broad range of physical and emotional struggles that many women face. You may have heard this called the Baby Blues, Postpartum Depression, Maternal Depression, Prenatal Depression, Postnatal Depression, or...

2006-01-01

98

Mujer Mas Segura (Safer Women): a combination prevention intervention to reduce sexual and injection risks among female sex workers who inject drugs  

PubMed Central

Background Female sex workers who inject drugs (FSW-IDUs) are at risk of acquiring HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STI) and blood-borne infections through unprotected sex and sharing injection equipment. We conducted a 2×2 factorial randomized controlled trial to evaluate combination interventions to simultaneously reduce sexual and injection risks among FSW-IDUs in Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico. Methods/design FSW-IDUs ?18 years reporting sharing injection equipment and unprotected sex with clients within the last month were randomized to one of four conditions based on an a priori randomization schedule, blinding interviewer/counselors to assignment. Due to the extreme vulnerability of this population, we did not include a control group that would deny some women access to preventive information. All women received similar information regardless of group allocation; the difference was in the way the information was delivered and the extent to which women had an interactive role. Each condition was a single 60-minute session, including either an interactive or didactic version of an injection risk intervention and sexual risk intervention. Women underwent interviewer-administered surveys and testing for HIV, syphilis, gonorrhea, Chlamydia, and Trichomonas at baseline and quarterly for 12 months. Combined HIV/STI incidence will be the primary outcome. Secondary outcomes are proportionate reductions in sharing of injection equipment and unprotected sex with clients. Discussion Of 1,132 women, 548 (48.4%) were excluded (88.9% were ineligible; 11.1% refused to participate or did not return); 584 eligible women enrolled (284 in Tijuana; 300 in Ciudad Juarez). All 584 participants completed the baseline interview, provided biological samples and were randomized to one of the four groups. During follow-up, 17 participants (2.9%) were lost to follow-up, of whom 10 (58.8%) had died, leaving 567 participants for analysis. This study appears to be the first intervention to attempt to simultaneously reduce injection and sexual risk behaviors among FSW-IDUs. The factorial design will permit analysis to determine whether the combination of the two interactive interventions and/or its respective components are effective in reducing injection and/or sexual risks, which will have direct, tangible policy implications for Mexico and potentially other resource-poor countries. Trial registration NCT00840658

2012-01-01

99

Cuando se Tiene una Biopsia del Seno: Guia para las Mujeres y Sus Familias (Having a Breast Biopsy: A Guide for Women and Their Families).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This guide can help you talk with your doctor or nurse about breast biopsies. If you have a breast lump or a suspicious area on your mammogram, a breast biopsy tells if it is cancer. This guide talks about the different kinds of biopsies. It will tell you...

2010-01-01

100

Validación de un algoritmo para el cálculo del riesgo absoluto de fracturas no vertebrales por fragilidad en una cohorte de mujeres posmenopáusicas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and ObjectivesAbsolute risk estimate for fractures in the individual subject provides meaningful information for interventions. Recently, we have described an algorithm to calculate the absolute risk for non-vertebral fractures in women from Spain, aged 65 years or older, that includes clinical parameters and quantitative bone ultrasound values of the calcaneus (URL: www.ecosap.info). We assessed the performance of the algorithm

Joan Vila; Fernando Marín; Jesús González-Macías; Dionisio Martín; Sandra Tojeiro; Adolfo Díez-Pérez

2009-01-01

101

Factores predictores de inicio y cesaci?n de tabaquismo en una cohorte de mujeres chilenas con 5,5 a?os de seguimiento  

PubMed Central

Background Chilean women have one of the highest smoking prevalence in the world. Aim To estimate the main factors associated with smoking initiation and quitting among a cohort of adult women living in a low socioeconomic status area of Santiago, Chile. Material and methods A random population-based sample of 1,100 women, 18 years and older, were selected from a community located in the South East area of Santiago. Sociodemographic, as well as smoking, beliefs, behaviors, stages of change and nicotine addiction level were recorded during a personal interview. After an average follow-up period of 5.5 years, women were re-evaluated. Results Seventy-three percent of women completed the study. At baseline, 39% of women were smokers. At the end of the study, there was an absolute smoking rate reduction of 7.1% (p<0.001). The main variables associated with smoking initiation were younger age (Odds ratio (OR): 1.08, 95% confidence intervals (CI): 1.05–1.12), higher education level (OR: 1.2, 95% CI: 1.07–1.35), and having fewer children (OR: 1.3 95% CI: 1.01–1.66). Factors related with quitting were younger age of onset (OR: 1.06 95% CI: 1.02–1.1), higher level of nicotine dependence (OR: 4.22, 95% CI: 1.74–10.27), and higher perception of smoking addiction (OR: 4.34, 95% CI: 2–9.09). Stage of change was associated with smoking cessation but its effect was diluted after adjusting for the level of nicotine addiction. Conclusions Sociodemographic and family factors were the main variables related with initiation, whereas age of onset, belief of addiction, and nicotine dependence were the main factors related with cessation. Women with a high motivation for quitting should be evaluated for nicotine addiction level to define the best strategy for intervention (Rev Méd Chile 2009; 137: 1001–9).

Puschel, Klaus; Thompson, Beti; Olcay, Fabiola; Frreccio, Catterina

2014-01-01

102

Reduzca el Riesgo de Cancer del Seno con Medicamentos: Guia para la Mujer (Reducing the Risk of Breast Cancer with Medicine: A Guide for Women).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This guide can help you talk with your doctor or nurse about medicine to reduce the risk of breast cancer. It talks about two different medicines. It gives information about benefits, side effects, and cost. This guide is based on a government-funded revi...

2010-01-01

103

Programa de Trabajo para la Investigacion de la Salud de la Mujer en el Siglo XXI: Nuevas Fronteras en la Salud de la Mujer. Volumen 8 (Agenda for Research on Women's Health for the 21st Century: New Frontiers in Women's Health. Volume 8).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes thousands of issues and questions raised by more than 1,500 womens health professionals and advocates throughout the United States. Their recommendations for addressing the major diseases and health risks affecting women create a co...

2001-01-01

104

Relación de las Experiencias Sexuales Infanto-Juveniles con la Confianza Diádica y el Temor a la Intimidad, en Estudiantes Universitarios1 Relationship of Adolescent Sexual Experiences with Dyadic Trust and Fear of Intimacy in University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of the present study was to find a link between early sexual experiences and two important aspects of relationships: fear of intimacy and dyadic trust. An Early Sexual Experience Questionnarie and two Likert Scales, specifically the Dyadic Trust Scale and the Fear of Intimacy Scale, were applied to a sample of 451 college students (121 male, 330 female).

Raúl E. Martínez Montecinos; Raúl Cevallos Añasco

2008-01-01

105

Official Forward Exchange Operations: The German Experience (Opérations officielles de change á terme: l'expérience allemande) (Operaciones oficiales de cambio a término: la experiencia alemana)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Les opérations officielles de change à terme élargissent la liberté d'action des autorités monétaires et conviennent particulièrement pour neutraliser les effets de mouvements soudains de capitaux spéculatifs sur la balance des paiements et le marché monétaire intérieur. L'objectif de ces opérations peut être intérieur plutôt qu'extérieur. Comme les opérations officielles à terme ont été entreprises depuis 1959 sur une plus

Ekhard Brehmer

1964-01-01

106

La implementación de acuerdos comerciales preferenciales en América Latina: Las experiencias de CH, CR, ES, PE en la implementación de las disposiciones sobre acceso a mercados en el marco de los tratados de libre comercio con Estados Unidos  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este estudio abordará los desafíos y dificultades asociadas con la implementación y administración de las disposiciones sobre acceso a mercados, con especial énfasis en aquellas relacionadas con aduanas y facilitación del comercio. El análisis se realizará para los Tratados de Libre Comercio de Chile - EE.UU; Perú - EE.UU y para el Tratado de Libre Comercio entre Estados Unidos, Centroamérica

Juan Luis Zuñiga; Brian Rankin Staples

2011-01-01

107

Gripe A pandémica en una unidad de cuidados intensivos: experiencia en España y Latinoamérica (Grupo Español de Trabajo de Gripe A Grave\\/Sociedad Española de Medicina Intensiva, Crítica y Unidades Coronarias)  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionPandemic Influenza A (H1N1)v infection is the first pandemic in which intensive care units (ICU) play a fundamental role. It has spread very rapidly since the first cases were diagnosed in Mexico with the subsequent spread of the virus throughout the Southern Cone and Europe during the summer season.

A. Rodríguez; L. Socías; J. E. Guerrero; J. C. Figueira; N. González; E. Maraví-Poma; L. Lorente; M. Martín; A. Albaya-Moreno; A. Algora-Weber; J. Vallés; C. León-Gil; T. Lisboa; C. Balasini; M. Villabón; R. Pérez-Padilla; D. Barahona; J. Rello

2010-01-01

108

hIDATIDoSIS PULMoNAR eN UN hoSPITAL De LIMA, PeRÚ: exPeRIeNCIA eN 113 PACIeNTeS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To describe the surgical, clinical and epidemiological characteristics in patients with pulmonary hydatid in the Hospital Nacional Dos de Mayo. Material and methods. Descriptive, retrospective and observational study. The studied population was patients with the diagnosis of pulmonary hydatid, operated and registered in the Program of Torax and Cardiovascular Surgery of the Hospital Nacional Dos de Mayo from January

Aldo Rafael; Willy Ramos; Julio Peralta; Luis Rojas; Efraín Montesinos; Alex G. Ortega-Loayza

109

Comparacao entre os codigos RELAP5/MOD1 e TRAC-PD2 na simulacao da experiencia CANON. (Comparison between RELAP5/MOD1 and TRAC-PD2 codes in the CANON experience).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The present work reports comparisons between experimental and theoretical data done with the RELAP5/MOD1 and TRAC-PD2 codes, with particular emphasis on RELAP5/MOD1 code run with basic experimental data from the CANON depressurization simulation. This exp...

G. Sabundjian R. L. Freitas T. Neves Conti

1991-01-01

110

Metodologia Social para la Participacion Comunitaria en las Inversiones Locales: La Experiencia del PIDER (Programa de Inversiones para el Desarrollo Rural) en Mexico (Social Methodology for Community Participation in Local Investments: The Experience of Mexico's PIDER Program).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The PIDER rural development program in Mexico has carried out a large-scale effort for the social engineering of beneficiary participation. This paper outlines the history and experiences involved in building up, within the implementing agency, a coherent...

M. M. Cernea

1984-01-01

111

Mision Informacion: Entrevista a Empleados en el Lugar donde Trabajan; Observar a Obreros mientras Trabajan; Programa sobre Experiencia Laboral (Mission Information: Worksite Interview, Shadow Community Workers, Work Experience Program). CHOICE (Challenging Options in Career Education).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The work-study guide is the third volume in the advanced level of a career education curriculum for elementary-secondary migrant children. Complementing the secondary level job information text and a workbook about decision making and self-awareness, the work-study guide is designed to accompany work exploration and experience programs. It…

Putnam and Northern Westchester Counties Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Yorktown Heights, NY.

112

Posible Transferencia de la Tecnologia para el Desarrollo Rural Basada en la Experiencia de Costa Rica (Possible Transference of Technology for Developing of Rural Areas Based on the Experience in Costa Rica).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents the exposition of the Programa de Alimentacion y Nutricion (PAN) projects to cover the demands of food required by the population of 700,000 beneficiaries at least twice a day and the politics of the farm and industrial development. Th...

L. F. Arias

1979-01-01

113

EL TALLER DE CINE: UNA LUPA PARA ANALIZAR LA DISCRIMINACIÓN EN LA ESCUELA. UNA EXPERIENCIA DIDÁCTICA ALTERNATIVA FILM WORKSHOP: THE MAGNIFYING GLASS TO ANALYZE DISCRIMINATION AT SCHOOL: AN ALTERNATIVE DIDACTIC EXPERIENCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay studies the use of films as a didactic resource for the analysis of discrimination at school. After an approach to the issue of discrimination, it explores the possibilities of films to in relation with specific didactic criteria. Finally, it tells about a specific experience aimed at the first years in Primary Education.

SILVIA ANDREA CONTÍN

114

Relatorio Final Sobre o Ensino Bilingue: Resultados da Avaliacao Externa da Experiencia de Escolarizacao Bilingue em Mocambique (PEBIMO) (Final Report on Bilingual Education: Results of External Evaluation of an Experiment in Bilingual Education in Mozambique).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The PEBIMO project was designed to determine whether bilingual education could improve the quality of primary education in Mozambique, recognizing that Portuguese is not the native language of the majority of Mozambican students. The project began in 1992 with 8 cohorts of first grade in 2 provinces; during this investigation, students were in…

Benson, Carolyn J.

115

La experiencia de CNEA (Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica) en prepararse para el sistema nacional de acreditacion de laboratorios. (CNEA's (Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica) experience in the preparation of a national system for laboratory accreditation).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Within the regional markets, as it is the case of MERCOSUR, the laboratories which are suppliers of test and calibration results, are mutually recognized through the National Accreditation Systems. In Argentina there is a project to create a Center for th...

N. H. Piacquadio T. A. Palacios V. A. Casa J. H. Koll

1993-01-01

116

Toward Gender Equality: The Role of Public Policy. An Overview (Vers l'Egalite des Sexes: Le Role des Politiques Nationales. Apercu General) (Hacia la Igualdad Entre Hombres y Mujeres: El Papel de las Politicas Publicas. Panorama General).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Overview, based on a World Bank report, outlines what governments and development agencies can do to work toward greater gender equality--one of the best investments a society can make. Public policy can affect investments in health, education, and in...

1995-01-01

117

The Latinas' Guide to the Information Superhighway: A Bilingual Guide for Latinas by Latinas = Guia para Mujeres Latinas sobre la Supercarretera de la Informacion: Una Guia Bilingue para Latinas por medio de Latinas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to the Internet is designed to give Latinas basic information on computers and the information superhighway. Written in both Spanish and English, the guide begins by defining the Internet and making some suggestions about acquiring access to a computer. Among the topics discussed are how to choose an Internet service provider, how to…

MANA, A National Latina Organization, Washington, DC.

118

ARTÍCULOS ORIGINALES NIVELES DE ÁCIDOS GRASOS POLIINSATURADOS OMEGA3 EN MEMBRANAS DE ERITROCITOS DE MUJERES CON DEPRESIÓN OMEGA3 POLYUNSATURATED FATTY ACIDS IN RED BLOOD CELL MEMBRANES FROM DEPRESSED FEMALE PATIENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a hypothesis that lack of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) is of etiological importance in de- pression. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a member of the n-3 PUFA family, is a crucial component of synaptic cell membranes. Objective: The aim of this study was to measure red blood cell (RBC) membrane n-3 fatty acids in a group of depressed

2008-01-01

119

Income and differentials in current fertility  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Resumen  Este articulo utiliza datos del censo de 1960 sobre natalidad y analiza diferencias de fertilidad en terminos de medidas refinadas\\u000a de actual fertilidad las cuales eran hasta ahora imposibles de construir. Teniendo en cuenta que el promedio de las mujeres\\u000a blancas nativas es menos fértil que las mujeres negras, que las mujeresurbanas son menos fértiles que las mujeres rurales\\u000a y

Lee-Jay Cho

1968-01-01

120

Integration of Domestic and International Financial Markets: The Japanese Experience (Intégration des marchés intérieurs et internationaux de capitaux: le cas du Japon) (Integración de los mercados financieros interno e internacional: La experiencia japonesa)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper traces the evolution of Japan's financial system, first focusing on institutional changes in domestic markets and then on liberalization of international capital flows. It describes forces affecting the pace and direction of changes and discusses the influence of these changes on the domestic financial system, the internationalization of the yen, Japan's role as a major center, and the

Sena Eken

1984-01-01

121

Concepción de mundo, aspectos contextuales y bienestar psicológico en chilenos supervivientes a experiencias de prisión y tortura por motivos políticos a más de 30 años de ocurridos los hechos* World Conception, Contextual Aspects, and Psychological Well-Being of Chilean Survivors of Political Torture and Imprisonment after more than 30 Years  

Microsoft Academic Search

a b S t r a c t The main objective of this article is to study the long-term psychological effects of imprisonment and torture experiences for political reasons in the world conception of a group of Chilean survivors. The design is a descriptive ex-post facto model, including qualitative methodology on content analysis, and QRS Nvivo6 and SPSS software. Results

122

Capital Flows as an Offset to Monetary Policy: The German Experience (Les flux de capitaux peuvent-ils mettre en échec la politique monétaire? L'expérience allemande) (Los flujos de capital como neutralizadores de la política monetaria: La experiencia alemana)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cette étude a pour objet d'établir le rapport existant entre les décisions de politique monétaire prises en Allemagne de 1963 à 1970 et les flux de capitaux et en particulier, d'examiner si le recours aux modifications des coefficients de réserves obligatoires est un moyen efficace de neutraliser les effets de flux de capitaux sur la masse monétaire. Fait important: la

Michael G. Porter

1972-01-01

123

Wage Subsidies and Employment: An Analysis of the French Experience (Les subventions des salaires et le niveau d'emploi: analyze de l'expérience française) (Subsidios salariales y el nivel de empleo: Análisis de la experiencia francesa)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, faced simultaneously with high rates of unemployment and inflation, several countries--mainly in the industrialized world--adopted various types of temporary marginal wage subsidies, which are provided to employers to offset a portion of wage payments to workers who would otherwise be unemployed. After a review of wage subsidies implemented in the Federal Republic of Germany, France, the United

George F. Kopits

1978-01-01

124

Financial Intermediation, Savings Mobilization, and Entrepreneurial Development: The African Experience (Intermédiation financière, mobilisation de l'épargne et développement de l'entreprise: l'expérience africaine) (Intermediación financiera, movilización del ahorro y desarrollo empresarial: La experiencia africana)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper attempts to find out how far financial intermediation has progressed with economic growth in selected African countries and whether it has been instrumental in generating development. On an analytical plane, it is argued that while the aggregative financial policies may, at best, help to bring about a mobilization of resources through financial intermediation, they may not be adequate

Rattan J. Bhatia; Deena R. Khatkhate

1975-01-01

125

Interface Apple para instrumentacao e controle de experiencias- Contador de pulsos 'timer', conversor digital-analogico, motor de passo e reles. (Apple interface for experimental instrumentation and control-Pulse counter, timer, digital-to-analog converter, step motor and relays).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An interface plate for Apple II type microcomputer developed aiming to automatize measuring systems in which a TTL pulse counter, output of analogic voltage (with resolution of 12 bits), out put of step-motor control, relay drive, and timer for real time ...

J. H. Souza G. R. C. Cernicchiaro J. T. P. Cavalcante

1989-01-01

126

INTUsUsCEPCIóN ILEOCóLICA sECUNDARIA A UNA MAsA ILEAL EN UNA MUJER DE 90 AñOs: REPORTE DE UN CAsO ILEOCOLIC INTUssUsCEPTION sECUNDARy TO AN ILEAL MAss IN A 90 yEAR OLD wOMEN: A CAsE REPORT  

Microsoft Academic Search

summARY This paper presents a case of intussusception in a 90 years old woman which is noteworthy because intussusceptions in adults, without a lead point are uncommon, intussuception with a lead point is even more uncommon. Most of the time radiologists define the diagnosis, although images are characteristic; it is important to exactly locate the lesion in the anatomy of

Hernando Lozano López; Juan Carlos Correa Puerta

127

ACCESS TO PRENATAL CARE AND CERVICAL CANCER PREVENTION ACTION AMONG WOMEN FROM BRAZILIAN LANDLESS WORKERS MOVEMENT ACESSO DAS MULHERES DO MOVIMENTO SEM TERRA AOS CUIDADOS DO PRÉ-NATAL E DA PREVENÇÃO DE CÂNCER DE COLO UTERINO ACCESO AL CUIDADO PRENATAL Y PREVENCIÓN DEL CÁNCER CERVICAL DE LAS MUJERES QUE PERTENECEN AL MOVIMIENTO SIN TERRA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a qualitative research that aimed to investigate Brazilian Landless Workers Movement women's access to pre-natal care and cervical cancer prevention. Interviews were done in 2005 with five women in the city of Cajamar, Brazil. The thematic analysis of content made it possible to evidence that access barriers such as territorial delimitation and geographical distance let women use false

Sayuri Tanaka Maeda; Ana Luiza; Vilela Borges; Eunice Nakamura; Daniela Miyahiro; Lucila Fernandes Silva

2007-01-01

128

ILUMINANDO AS VIVÊNCIAS DE MULHERES PORTADORAS DE TRANS TORNOS PSÍQUICOS E MORADORAS DE UMA RESIDÊNCIA TERAPÊUTICA ILLUMINATING THE EXPERIENCES OF WOMEN SUFFERING FROM PSYCHIC DISTURBANCES WHO LIVE IN A THERAPEUTIC RESIDENCE ILUMINANDO LAS VIVENCIAS DE LAS MUJERES PORTADORAS DE TRASTORNOS PSÍQUICOS QUE VIVEN EN UNA RESIDENCIA TERAPÉUTICA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a qualitative study whose objective is to reflect upon the everyday life of women who are bearers of psychic disturbances by identifying the meanings of their existences and co-building increased opportunities for them to become citizens. The study was developed with residents of a Therapeutic Residence, linked to the Instituto de Psiquiatria de Santa Catarina, in São José\\/SC.

Valdete Preve Pereira; Miriam Süsskind Borenstein

2004-01-01

129

Normas Chilenas para el MACI: Una Integración de Criterios Categoriales y Dimensionales1 Chilean Norms for MACI: An Integration of Categorical and Dimensional Criteria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen Este estudio desarrolló normas chilenas para el Inventario Clínico para Adolescentes de Millon (MACI) utilizando una muestra de baremación diferenciada por sexo y dicotomizada en dos grupos, no-consultantes (200 hombres y 206 mujeres) y consultantes (212 hombres y 189 mujeres), que respondió el MACI y el MMPI-A. Con los datos MACI se desarrolló un conjunto de análisis estadísticos de

Eugenia V. Vinet

2008-01-01

130

Entrenamiento con el traje espacial  

NASA Video Gallery

Después de 10 paseos espaciales, el astronauta de la NASA Michael López- Alegría sabe bastante de trajes espaciales. En este video, López Alegría comparte su experiencia acerca del uso y el entrena...

131

"The World in a Drop of Water": The Feminist Vision of Patricia Howell.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses two films ("Dos veces mujer" and "Intima raiz") of Patricia Howell. Demonstrates how thoroughly the feminist themes Howell's films weave together around motherhood are inflected by the specific Latin American and Costa Rican contexts in which she works. (RS)

Holmlund, Chris

1993-01-01

132

Los medios de comunicación y las violaciones de los derechos humanos en el área de conflicto  

Microsoft Academic Search

La autora, que actualmente es una refugiada política en Austria, relata su trabajo como periodista palestina en las áreas conflictivas de Israel. Sus experiencias revelan las violaciones de Derechos Humanos y el genocidio cometido por las fuerzas armadas israelíes. Este artículo no sólo condena al estado de Israel sino que también cuestiona la falta de compromiso de los Estados Unidos

Kawther Salam

2006-01-01

133

DEPRESIÓN EN NIÑOS Y ADOLESCENTES: INFORMACIÓN PARA PADRES Y EDUCADORES DEPRESSION IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS: A PRIMER FOR PARENTS AND EDUCATORS  

Microsoft Academic Search

La depresión es un problema serio de salud que puede afectar a personas de todas las edades, incluyendo a niños y adolescentes. Generalmente se define como una experiencia en la que persiste una disposición de ánimo triste o irritable, así como también anhedonia, una pérdida de la habilidad de experimentar placer en casi todas las actividades. Incluye también una gama

134

Armonizar ley, moral y cultura: Cultura ciudadana, prioridad de gobierno con resultados en prevención y control de violencia en Bogotá, 1995-1997  

Microsoft Academic Search

El presente artículo busca sistematizar la experiencia de la Alcaldía Mayor de Bogotá correspondiente al período 1995-1997 en cuanto a acciones y resultados de prevención y control de la violencia. Para ello presenta la hipótesis del divorcio entre ley, moral y cultura y la manera en que la decisión de hacer de la \\

Antanas Mockus

1999-01-01

135

Ajuste estructural y mercado del trabajo: Nigeria después de la crisis del petróleo  

Microsoft Academic Search

En este artículo examinamos la experiencia de Nigeria durante la crisis petrolera de los años 1980 y el comienzo de la aplicación de un paquete de ajuste estructural. Nuestro análisis se concentra en el rol jugado por el mercado del trabajo, particularmente en relación a la situación de empleo y desempleo, como también a los flujos migratorios despertados por la

Paul Collier; Luis Riveros

136

ANÁLISIS DE LA PRODUCCIÓN CIENTÍFICA ESPAÑOLA CITADA EN PATENTES BIOTECNOLÓGICAS EN EE.UU  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen: A partir de las experiencias obtenidas en dos recientes estudios cien- ciométricos sobre transferencia de tecnología, se dan a conocer algunas de las aplicaciones que ofrece el análisis de la literatura científica citada en docu- mentos de patente, así como las limitaciones y dificultades metodológicas que presenta este tipo estudios. Este artículo describe el procedimiento metodoló- gico utilizado para

Luis M. Plaza; Armando Albert

2004-01-01

137

Una Metodología para Ajustar y Compensar las Diferencias de Riesgo entre el Sistema Público y Privado de Salud en Chile  

Microsoft Academic Search

En el marco conceptual de seguros de salud y ajuste de riesgo y a la luz de la experiencia internacional en Fondos de Compensación de Riesgos, este documento explora el problema del «descreme» que afecta al sistema de seguros Chileno. Se presenta una metodología para estimar diferencias de riesgo entre el sector público y privado de salud en Chile y

Verónica Vargas; Camilo Cid; Mauricio Matus; Iris Delgado; José Miguel Sánchez; Beatriz Heyermann; José Angulo

138

SIMULACIÓN DE UN PROTOCOLO DE NIVEL MAC BASADO EN IEEE 802.16 PARA EL LABORATORIO DE ARQUITECTURA DE REDES I  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este trabajo presenta nuestra experiencia en el desarrollo de una herramienta de simulación de protocolos de nivel MAC basados en el estándar IEEE 802.16 (1). El empleo de esta herramienta en el laboratorio ayuda a los alumnos en el estudio y comprensión de protocolos de redes de última milla. En particular, se ha definido un protocolo de nivel MAC para

O. RIVERA; I. GÓMEZ; V. MEDINA

139

El Biomanizales: Política ambiental local  

Microsoft Academic Search

La documentación de la experiencia en Gestión Ambiental Urbana de la ciudad de Manizales, Colombia ha sido realizada entre los años 1999 y 2000, dentro del marco de implementación del proyecto de Apoyo para la Implementación de Planes Nacionales de Acción –HABITAT II (SINPA), sigla que corresponde a su nombre en el idioma inglés: Support for the Implementation of National

Marulanda L

2000-01-01

140

CONSTRUIR SIGNIFICADOS AL EMPLEAR MAPAS CONCEPTUALES SOPORTADOS EN LAS TECNOLOGÍAS (To construct to meaning when using sopported conceptual maps in the technologies)  

Microsoft Academic Search

La propuesta expone implicaciones del empleo de mapas conceptuales para la elaboración de significados aplicando herramientas tecnológicas. El mapa conceptual es un instrumento para la organización y elaboración de significados en la matriz cognoscitiva. Hernández (2005), afirma que permite seleccionar estrategias, identificar concepciones y elaborar constructos. Asimismo, se muestra una reflexión a partir de experiencias con estudiantes universitarios en dos

Anny Castillo Rojas

2009-01-01

141

Informe a la nación indica que continúa la disminución de las tasas de mortalidad por cáncer que empezó a principios de los noventa; Una sección especial destaca los cánceres asociados al exceso de peso y a la falta de actividad física adecuada  

Cancer.gov

Los índices de mortalidad por todos los cánceres combinados para hombres, mujeres y niños siguieron bajando en Estados Unidos entre 2004 y 2008, según el Informe Anual a la Nación sobre el Estado del Cáncer de 1975 a 2008. El índice general de diagnósticos nuevos de cáncer, que se conoce también como incidencia, bajaron entre los hombres un promedio de 0,6% por año entre 2004 y 2008. Los índices generales de incidencia de cáncer entre las mujeres bajaron 0,5% por año de 1998 hasta 2006; estos índices se nivelaron de 2006 a 2008.

142

Wielding and yielding: power, subordination and gender identity in the context of a Mexican development project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three lines of inquiry can be found in the present study. The first is of an empirical nature. It is a story of a group of women and a development project, based upon field research I carried out in 1987-88 concerning a group of female beekeepers who were organized as an UAIM (Unidad Agrícola e Industrial de la Mujer Campesina,

M. Villarreal

1994-01-01

143

Commentary: Latina Literacies in "Convivencia": Communal Spaces of Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inspired by Delgado-Gaitan's work with Latina mothers' stories of transformation, this commentary engages scholarship on the communal "mujer-" or womanist-oriented spaces of teaching and learning. The author explores themes of "convivencia" (communalism) centered on faith, spirituality, and humor central to creating compassionate spaces of…

Villenas, Sofia A.

2005-01-01

144

Using Intervention Mapping as a Participatory Strategy: Development of a Cervical Cancer Screening Intervention for Hispanic Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cervical cancer is preventable with treatment of precancerous lesions and treatable at early stages. Hispanics have higher rates of cervical cancer and lower rates of screening. "Ayndando a las Mujeres con Informaccion, Guia, y Amor para su Salud" (AMIGAS) is an intervention to increase cervical cancer screening in U.S. women of Mexican origin.…

Byrd, Theresa L.; Wilson, Katherine M.; Smith, Judith Lee; Heckert, Andrea; Orians, Carlyn E.; Vernon, Sally W.; Fernandez-Esquer, Maria E.; Fernandez, Maria E.

2012-01-01

145

Boletín del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer - 01-05-2010  

Cancer.gov

Al caminar por los pasillos del nuevo centro oncológico integral en la sede de Ciencias Médicas de la Universidad de Puerto Rico (UPR) en San Juan, uno debe mantener los ojos abiertos. La mujer que pasa caminando vigorosamente podría ser la doctora Marcia Roxana Cruz-Correa, y no debe uno perderse la oportunidad de conocerla.

146

MODELADO Y SIMULACION DEL SISTEMA CARDIOVASCULAR FETAL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen: En el modelado fisiológico, el propósito es comprender las funciones del cuerpo humano. Con este propósito, se abordan problemas del embarazo y el parto para minimizar las cesáreas innecesarias en mujeres propensas a cursar con Sufrimiento Fetal Agudo (SFA). En el presente estudio se realizó: el Modelado Matemático del Sistema Cardiovascular Fetal (SCVF), la Simulación y Validación del SCVF.

Rubén Moreno

147

Informe Anual a la Nación indica una reducción en los índices de incidencia y mortalidad por cáncer; una sección especial revela amplias variaciones en las tendencias del cáncer de pulmón en los estados  

Cancer.gov

Un nuevo informe de las principales organizaciones oncológicas del país muestra que, por primera vez desde la primera publicación del informe en 1998, tanto el índice de incidencia como el de mortalidad para todos los cánceres combinados están disminuyendo en hombres y mujeres.

148

Informe Anual a la Nación indica que los índices generales de cáncer siguen disminuyendo; su sección especial destaca las tendencias actuales y pronósticos del cáncer colorrectal  

Cancer.gov

Los índices de casos nuevos diagnosticados y los índices de muertes de todos los tipos de cáncer combinados disminuyeron en forma considerable en el período más reciente para hombres y mujeres en general, y para la mayoría de las poblaciones raciales y étnicas de Estados Unidos, según un informe de las principales organizaciones de salud y oncológicas.

149

HISTERECTOMÍA: UNA MIRADA DESDE EL SUELO PÉLVICO  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN La histerectomía constituye la segunda cirugía más efectuada en mujeres en edad fértil. Por esto cada día más ginecólogos se interesan en buscar técnicas de menor invasión. Dentro de este concepto y con el objetivo de preservar la indemnidad del suelo pélvico, muchos hemos propuesto la histerectomía supracervical por laparoscopía, como una de las técnicas quirúrgicas que más auge

2006-01-01

150

El cuento del cáncer de cérvix podría tener un final feliz  

Cancer.gov

El cuento del cáncer de cérvix podría tener un final feliz Por el Instituto Nacional del Cáncer El cáncer de cérvix fue en un tiempo la causa principal de muerte por cáncer entre mujeres estadounidenses. Pero, en los últimos 50 años, el número de

151

Estereotipos Sexuales y su Relaci?n con Conductas Sexuales Riesgosas1,2,3  

PubMed Central

Resumen Los estereotipos sexuales son creencias generalmente aceptadas y poco cuestionadas que podrían contribuir a cómo los hombres y las mujeres debemos expresar nuestra sexualidad. Los objetivos de este estudio eran identificar cuántos hombres y mujeres heterosexuales en Puerto Rico endosaban ciertos estereotipos acerca de la sexualidad masculina y femenina y explorar la relación entre el endoso de estos estereotipos sexuales y las actitudes hacia el condón masculino y su uso en relaciones sexuales vaginales Llevamos a cabo un estudio descriptivo-correlacional mediante el cual le administramos dos escalas, una sobre sexualidad masculina y otra sobre sexualidad femenina a un grupo de 429 personas heterosexuales. Encontramos que los hombres endosaron estereotipos sexuales masculinos y femeninos más que las mujeres y que estos tienden a tener una visión más conservadora respecto a la sexualidad femenina que la que tienen sobre su propia sexualidad. Las mujeres, por otra parte, tienden a ver su propia sexualidad y la sexualidad masculina en términos menos estereotipados y más equitativos. También encontramos que a mayor endoso de creencias tradicionales sobre la sexualidad masculina y femenina, peor la actitud hacia el uso del condón masculino. Sin embargo, el endosar estereotipos sexuales masculinos y/o femeninos no se relacionó con el uso del condón. Estos hallazgos contradicen la literatura que sugiere que estos estereotipos sexuales y de género resultan en conductas sexuales de alto riesgo, lo cual tiene implicaciones importantes para el desarrollo e implementación de programas de prevención.

Perez-Jimenez, David; Orengo-Aguayo, Rosaura E.

2012-01-01

152

Eventos de Agosto (August Events).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written in Spanish, this booklet contains brief information on seven August events celebrated by Puerto Ricans: Herbert Hoover's birthdate (August 10); Acta del Seguro Social (Social Security Act, August 14); Julian E. Blanco (August 14), Enmienda 19 Sufragia de la Mujer (Amendment 19, Women's Suffrage, August 26); Benjamin Harrison (August 20);…

Toro, Leonor; Pla, Myrna

153

Eating disorders prevention based on visual literacy and psycho-education: a preliminar study  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar dos programas de prevención primaria de trastor- nos alimentarios, uno de ellos basado en la formación de audiencias críticas hacia la publicidad televisiva y el otro en una estrategia psicoeducativa, en diecinueve adolescentes mujeres estu- diantes de primero de secundaria. La selección de las muestras fue intencional, considerándose como criterio de inclusión

Rosalía Rodríguez de Elías; Gilda Gómez Peresmitré

2007-01-01

154

Estudio de los NIH revela que un resultado negativo de la prueba del VPH es un mejor predictor de un riesgo bajo de cáncer de cuello uterino que una prueba de Pap negativa  

Cancer.gov

De acuerdo con un estudio en el que participaron más de un millón de mujeres, los investigadores del NCI han determinado que el resultado negativo de una prueba para la detección del VPH proporciona mayor certeza o seguridad frente a riesgos futuros de cáncer de cuello uterino que una prueba de Pap.

155

Tipos de cáncer  

Cancer.gov

Información acerca de los tipos de cáncer más comunes en la población general e hispana en los Estados Unidos. También se incluyen listas separadas de los tipos comunes de cáncer en mujeres y niños, así como listas de todos los tipos de cáncer, en orden alfabético o en categorías según su ubicación en el cuerpo humano.

156

Visión de un científico oncólogo que aplica la investigación a la salud humana a través de las fronteras  

Cancer.gov

El doctor Jorge Gómez es el asesor principal del Centro para la Salud Mundial del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer. Dirige la Red de Investigación del Cáncer de los Estados Unidos y América Latina, la cual está realizando un estudio internacional de los factores de riesgo del cáncer de mama y características en las mujeres de América Latina.

157

Intervention: Public women and public history: revolution, prostitution and testimony in Cuba  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores some of the tensions between personal narratives and the representation of public history in revolutionary Cuba, through an examination of the testimonio of two prostitutes in the pre-revolutionary period, Tomás Fernández Robaina's Recuerdos secretos de dos mujeres públicas [The secret recollections of two public women] (Havana: Letras Cubanas, 1984). Contrasting the prominent position of the pre-revolutionary prostitute

Carrie Hamilton

2011-01-01

158

Boletín del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer - 6 de noviembre de 2012  

Cancer.gov

Nuevos resultados de tres estudios clínicos resaltan la evolución de opciones de tratamiento para mujeres con cáncer de mama HER2 positivo. Estos cánceres, los cuales producen demasiada proteína HER2, constituyen una forma maligna de la enfermedad y representan aproximadamente 20 por ciento de todos los casos de cáncer de mama diagnosticados.

159

Si tiene cáncer  

Cancer.gov

Más información Los estudios clínicos de tratamiento para cáncer son estudios de investigación para encontrar mejores formas de tratar el cáncer. Es importante que mujeres y hombres de todas las edades y antecedentes étnicos participen en los estudios clínicos, para que lo que se aprenda en ellos ayude a todos los pacientes de cáncer ahora y en el futuro.

160

Illustrative statistics from the National Mortality Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Resumen  El Survey Nacional de Mortalidad, el cual empezó en 1961 es descrito como un survey basado sobre una muestra probabilística\\u000a sobre datos de mortalidad, la cual está diseñada para recolectar información de hospitales, instituciones que se hacen cargo\\u000a de los muertos, e informes sobre alrededor de cinco mil defunciones al año.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Se presentan aquí datos ilustrativos, los cuales describen experiencia

Gordon F. Sutton

1966-01-01

161

Content Management System for Developing a Virtual Platform for Association of Women's Aid with Lack of Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this paper we show a Virtual Platform for an Association of Women’s Aid called Centro Integral de Ayuda a la Mujer (CIAM).\\u000a After analyzing different Content Management Systems (CMS) and the benefits that its use would contribute to the development\\u000a of the Virtual Platform, taking into account the needs and requirements set by CIAM, we have opted for the

Beatriz Sainz de Abajo; Alberto Flores García; Enrique García Salcines; Francisco Javier Burón Fernández; Miguel López Coronado; Carlos de-Castro-Lozano

2010-01-01

162

Lanzamiento del estudio de tratamiento personalizado para el cáncer de seno  

Cancer.gov

Hoy se inició el Estudio de Asignación de Opciones Individualizadas de Tratamiento (Trial Assigning IndividuaLized Options for Treatment (Rx), o TAILORx, el cual evaluará si los genes que están frecuentemente asociados con el riesgo de recurrencia entre las mujeres con cáncer de seno en etapa inicial pueden ser utilizados para asignar a las pacientes el tratamiento más adecuado y efectivo. Preguntas y respuestas

163

Educational attainment as a selective factor in marital status transitions in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Resumen  Se organizaron los datos sobre el estado marital en los censos de 1940, 1950 y 1960 de Estados Unidos, para mostrar, (1) las\\u000a tendencias en los porcentajes de hombres y mujeres que permanecen solteros, de acuerdo a la edad y nivel de education (años\\u000a de colegio completados); (2) niveles educacionales relativos de esposas y esposos para grupos seleccionados de parejas

Carl E. Ortmeyer

1967-01-01

164

Un estudio de los NIH indica que el consumo regular de aspirina podría reducir el riesgo de cáncer de ovario  

Cancer.gov

Las mujeres que toman aspirina diariamente podrían reducir el riesgo de cáncer de ovario en 20 por ciento, de acuerdo con un estudio realizado por científicos del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer (NCI), el cual forma parte de los Institutos Nacionales de la Salud (NIH). Sin embargo, es necesario llevar a cabo más investigaciones antes de poder hacer recomendaciones clínicas. El estudio fue publicado el 06 de febrero 2014, en el Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

165

Una visita en Sud America  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Oisfrute de una estadfa en el Hotel La Silla, el mejor hotel de Sud America con su tan unica atmosfera extraterrestre! Los espera su calificado personal de experimentados hoteleros, jefes de cocina, etc., ansiosos todos de satisfacer sus deseos hasta el mas mfnimo detalle. Naturalmente nuestro espacioso restaurant de tres estrellas ofrece un completo surtido de exquisitas comidas y deliciosos tragos (conocedores usualmente eligen "Oelicia Orion" 0 "Centauro Especial"). EI servicio cempleto durante 24 horas incluye nuestra ya mundialmente famosa "Cena de medianoche para los miradores de estrellas", por eso - no olvide: No pierda la oportunidad de una estadfa en EL HOTEL LA SILLA - una experiencia maravillosa!

1982-09-01

166

Aplicación del método de Gail de cálculo de riesgo de cáncer de mama a la población valenciana  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen\\u000a Objetivos  El objetivo del estudio es comprobar si el método definido por Gail es aplicable y predictivo en la población de mujeres valencianas.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Material y métodos  Se identificaron 186 casos incidentes de las 685 pacientes atendidas de cáncer de mama durante el perio do 2000–2001. Las\\u000a variables estudiadas se obtuvieron mediante un cuestionario específico que incluía características reproductivas, número de\\u000a biopsias

Ismael Pascual Pastor Climente; María M. Morales Suárez-Varela; Agustín Llopis González; José F. Magraner Gil

2005-01-01

167

Estudio de terapias dirigidas para el cáncer de seno estableció un modelo de estudios clínicos a nivel mundial  

Cancer.gov

Dos medicamentos de acción dirigida, diseñados para tratar una forma agresiva de cáncer de seno (mama), se pusieron a prueba en un estudio que incluyó a 8 000 participantes en 44 países. Si bien la finalidad del estudio fue ayudar a que los investigadores determinaran si el tratamiento combinado con trastuzumab y lapatinib para el tratamiento del cáncer de seno HER2 positivo en estado inicial era mejor que la terapia solo con trastuzumab, los resultados del estudio no indicaron que existan ventajas para las mujeres al recibir la combinación de fármacos de trastuzumab o lapatinib.

168

El cáncer de pulmón y los hispanos: esta es la realidad  

Cancer.gov

Primero, las buenas noticias: el número de casos de cáncer de pulmón diagnosticados entre hispanos es cerca de la mitad del número de casos diagnosticados entre blancos no hispanos en Estados Unidos. Y, del 2000 al 2009, el número de casos entre hombres hispanos disminuyó a un ritmo más acelerado que entre hombres blancos no hispanos y se mantuvo estable entre mujeres hispanas. La razón principal de estas buenas noticias es que los hispanos, en general, tienen menos probabilidad de fumar y tienen menos probabilidad de ser fumadores diarios de cigarrillos en comparación con muchos otros segmentos de la población estadounidense.

169

Implementation of an efficacious intervention for high risk women in Mexico: protocol for a multi-site randomized trial with a parallel study of organizational factors  

PubMed Central

Background Studies of implementation of efficacious human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention interventions are rare, especially in resource-poor settings, but important, because they have the potential to increase the impact of interventions by improving uptake and sustainability. Few studies have focused on provider and organizational factors that may influence uptake and fidelity to core intervention components. Using a hybrid design, we will study the implementation of an efficacious intervention to reduce sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among female sex workers (FSWs) in 12 cities across Mexico. Our protocol will test a ‘train-the-trainer’ implementation model for transporting the Mujer Segura (Healthy Woman) intervention into community-based organizations (CBOs). Methods We have partnered with Mexican Foundation for Family Planning (Mexfam), a non-governmental organization that has CBOs throughout Mexico. At each CBO, trained ethnographers will survey CBO staff on characteristics of their organization and on their attitudes toward their CBO and toward the implementation of evidence-based interventions (EBIs). Then, after CBO staff recruit a sample of 80 eligible FSWs and deliver a standard-care, didactic intervention to 40 women randomly selected from that pool, a Mexfam staff person will be trained in the Mujer Segura intervention and will then train other counselors to deliver Mujer Segura to the 40 remaining participating FSWs. FSW participants will receive a baseline behavioral assessment and be tested for HIV and STIs (syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia); they will be reassessed at six months post-intervention to measure for possible intervention effects. At the same time, both qualitative and quantitative data will be collected on the implementation process, including measures of counselors’ fidelity to the intervention model. After data collection at each CBO is complete, the relative efficacy of the Mujer Segura intervention will be analyzed, and across CBOs, correlations will be examined between individual and organizational provider characteristics and intervention efficacy. Discussion This cooperative, bi-national research study will provide critical insights into barriers and facilitating factors associated with implementing interventions in CBOs using the ‘train the trainer’ model. Our work builds on similar scale-up strategies that have been effective in the United States. This study has the potential to increase our knowledge of the generalizability of such strategies across health issues, national contexts, and organizational contexts. Trial registration NCT01465607

2012-01-01

170

Mechanisms of insecticide resistance in field populations of Aedes aegypti (L.) from Quintana Roo, Southern Mexico.  

PubMed

Potential insecticide-resistance mechanisms were studied with the use of biochemical assays in Aedes aegypti (L.) collected from 5 municipalities representing the north part of Quintana Roo: Benito Juarez, Cozumel, Isla Mujeres, Lazaro Cardenas, and Solidaridad. The activities of alpha and beta esterases, mixed-function oxidases (MFO), glutathione-S-transferase (GST), acethylcholinesterase (AChE), and insensitive acethylcholinesterase (iAChE) were assayed in microplates. Three replicates were performed for each enzyme and 60 males and 60 females were analyzed in each population. The New Orleans (NO) susceptible strain of Ae. aegypti was used as a susceptible reference and the threshold criteria for each enzyme were the highest NO absorbance values. In none of the 6 tests were absorbance values correlated in males and females. alpha esterases were elevated in Benito Juarez, Cozumel females and in Lazaro Cardenas males and females. beta esterases were elevated in Benito Juarez, Cozumel females and in Cozumel and Lazaro Cardenas males. Elevated esterases suggest potential insecticide-resistance mechanisms against organophosphate, carbamate, and some pyrethroid insecticides. Slightly elevated levels of MFOs appeared in Lazaro Cardenas females and in Cozumel, Isla Mujeres, and Solidaridad males. Mechanisms involving iAChE or GST were not apparent. PMID:17304936

Flores, Adriana E; Grajales, Jaime Salomon; Salas, Ildefonso Fernandez; Garcia, Gustavo Ponce; Becerra, Ma Haydee Loaiza; Lozano, Saul; Brogdon, William G; Black, William C; Beaty, Barry

2006-12-01

171

Como Lo Hago Yo: Lipomas Medulares  

PubMed Central

Basados en la experiencia de 82 casos; en 5% se observaron anomalías pélvicas asociadas. En los menores de 3 años el motivo de consulta (85%) fue la tumoración. En los mayores de 3 años (42%) tenía problemas neurológicos. Solo el 24% preocupados por la tumoración. El objetivo de la cirugía es desanclar la médula y no remover la totalidad del lipoma. El lipoma de filum es el que es mas simple para operar. Aún cuando la escuela francesa propone operar solamente cuando hay síntomas favorezco cirugía preventiva. Favorezco una segunda cirugía si hay signos de anclaje postoperatorio, aún cuando observamos empeoramiento postoperatorio motor en 2.5% de los operados y urológico a largo plazo en 6% de los operados.

Portillo, Santiago

2014-01-01

172

Using intervention mapping as a participatory strategy: development of a cervical cancer screening intervention for Hispanic women.  

PubMed

Cervical cancer is preventable with treatment of precancerous lesions and treatable at early stages. Hispanics have higher rates of cervical cancer and lower rates of screening. Ayudando a las Mujeres con Informacción, Guía, y Amor para su Salud (AMIGAS) is an intervention to increase cervical cancer screening in U.S. women of Mexican origin. AMIGAS was developed with the participation of the community using intervention mapping (IM). Following the IM process, the authors completed a needs assessment, development of program objectives, selection of intervention methods and strategies, and program design. A benefit of IM is its linkage with community-based participatory research as it includes engagement of community members to identify and refine priority areas. The success of this strategy suggests it a useful tool for other populations. The resulting intervention program is currently being tested for efficacy and cost-effectiveness in three sites: El Paso, Texas; Houston, Texas; and Yakima, Washington. PMID:22388451

Byrd, Theresa L; Wilson, Katherine M; Smith, Judith Lee; Heckert, Andrea; Orians, Carlyn E; Vernon, Sally W; Fernandez-Esquer, Maria E; Fernandez, Maria E

2012-10-01

173

Internally displaced women as knowledge producers and users in humanitarian action: the view from Colombia.  

PubMed

The literature on evidence-based action in humanitarian crises commonly focuses on how inter-and non-governmental organisations can produce better knowledge and how this can be translated into improved programming. Yet, there is little recorded experience of, or concern about, how the beneficiaries of humanitarian relief can produce and use knowledge of their predicament. This paper is based on a case study of how the Liga de Mujeres Desplazadas, an internally displaced women's organisation in northern Colombia, employs proactively research-generated data to advance its own agenda in its interactions with donor bodies and the government. The paper finds that beneficiaries of humanitarian aid can, and do, use participatory research to advance their own ends in the legal and political spaces created around humanitarian crisis. However, their agency is limited by poverty, violence, and local balances of power. The paper concludes that beneficiaries' priorities in the production of data about humanitarian crises warrant further study. PMID:23905766

Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; Lemaitre, Julieta

2013-07-01

174

Promotoras across the border: a pilot study addressing depression in mexican women impacted by migration.  

PubMed

The migration of working-aged men from Mexico to the United States fractures the family-centered support structures typical of Latin America and contributes to high levels of depression in women left behind in migratory sending communities in Mexico. Mujeres en Solidaridad Apoyandose (MESA) was developed to improve depression in women through social support in a resource poor setting. MESA is a promotora intervention that trains women in the community to lead social support groups over a five-week period. The MESA curriculum uses a combination of cognitive behavioral theory techniques, psychoeducation, and social support activities aimed at alleviating or preventing depression in women. Results from this pilot efficacy study (n = 39) show that depressed participants at baseline experienced declines in depression as measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale at follow-up. Other findings demonstrate the complexity behind addressing social support and depression for women impacted by migration in different ways. PMID:23440449

Edelblute, Heather B; Clark, Sandra; Mann, Lilli; McKenney, Kathryn M; Bischof, Jason J; Kistler, Christine

2014-06-01

175

Modeling extreme wave heights from laboratory experiments with the nonlinear Schrödinger equation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Spatial variation of nonlinear wave groups with different initial envelope shapes is theoretically studied first, confirming that the simplest nonlinear theoretical model is capable of describing the evolution of propagating wave packets in deep water. Moreover, three groups of laboratory experiments run in the wave basin of CEHIPAR (Canal de Experiencias Hidrodinámicas de El Pardo, known also as El Pardo Model Basin) was founded in 1928 by the Spanish Navy. are systematically compared with the numerical simulations of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation. Although a little overestimation is detected, especially in the set of experiments characterized by higher initial wave steepness, the numerical simulation still displays a high degree of agreement with the laboratory experiments. Therefore, the nonlinear Schrödinger equation catches the essential characteristics of the extreme waves and provides an important physical insight into their generation. The modulation instability, resulting from the quasi-resonant four-wave interaction in a unidirectional sea state, can be indicated by the coefficient of kurtosis, which shows an appreciable correlation with the extreme wave height and hence is used in the modified Edgeworth-Rayleigh distribution. Finally, some statistical properties on the maximum wave heights in different sea states have been related with the initial Benjamin-Feir index.

Zhang, H. D.; Guedes Soares, C.; Cherneva, Z.; Onorato, M.

2014-04-01

176

[Morphologic variation of the parthenogenetic lizard Aspidoscelis rodecki (Squamata: Teiidae): evolutionary and conservation implications].  

PubMed

Post-formational divergence has been used for the recognition of new parthenogenetic species. Currently, the parthenogenetic lizard Aspidoscelis rodecki McCoy and Maslin 1962 is recognized as a single taxon that was derived from a single, parthenogenetically capable, hybrid. This lizard had been derived via hybridization between individuals of two gonochoristic species, Aspidoscelis ungusticeps Cope 1878 and Aspidoscelis deppii Wiegmann 1834. The distribution of A. rodecki includes Isla Contoy and Isla Mujeres and the adjacent mainland of Quintana Roo, México. Previous studies have found post-formational divergence in genetic, chromatic and life-history characteristics among a continental population (Puerto Juárez) and an insular population (Isla Contoy). A meristic analysis was carried out to evaluate the morphological divergence among both populations of A. rodecki. We used 38 individuals from Puerto Juárez and 23 individuals from Isla Contoy. Nine meristic characters with discrimination value among species of the genus Aspidoscelis were used in both univariate (t-Student) and multivariate analyses (principal components and canonical variate analysis). According to both analyses, Puerto Juárez is meristically distinguishable from Isla Contoy. Both populations differ in five meristic characters and were a high correct classification in the canonical variate analysis: 97% of Puerto Juárez and 100% of Isla Contoy. A small sample from Isla Mujeres and a single specimen from Punta Sam (mainland) may represent different morphological groups. Due to the patterns of phenotypic variation, A. rodecki is considered as a single variable parthenogenetic species with high priority to conservation. The populations of A. rodecki have been extremely affected by the tourism developers. If the habitat of the parthenogenetic lizard (beach grasses) is allowed to stay, the expansion by the developers will not affect the survivorship of these populations. Nevertheless, the first sign of development is the total destruction of natural grasses that occurs on the beach, leaving only sand. There is a last chance to save the parthenogenetic lizard A. rodecki, but any effort will be useless without the support from the environmental authority of Mexico and cooperation from the developers. We suggest that Puerto Juárez and Isla Contoy receive separate management because they have unique portions of phenotypic variation of A. rodecki. The two lizard populations can be considered separate "Evolutionary Significant Units" (ESU). PMID:19419088

Elizalde-Rocha, Sandra P; Méndez-de la Cruz, Fausto R; Méndez-Sánchez, J Fernando; Granados-González, Gisela; Hernândez-Gallegos, Oswaldo

2008-12-01

177

A women's movement in Nicaragua, an advocate of breastfeeding.  

PubMed

Description of the activities and services of Genesis II, a women's organization dedicated to providing social welfare and health services to the women of Nicaragua. Genesis II is affiliated with Madres y Madres y Mujeres en Accion, a national women's movement, and is funded by the Comite Evangelico Pro-Ayuda al Desarrollo. The stated goal of Genesis II is to provide services for children, to promote an analysis of the problems affecting women, children, and families and to support women in providing adequate care for their children. The organization operates through daily radio programs, counseling services, limited foster care, and research into the problems affecting women and children. Included in the social services program are prenatal and natural childbirth classes, La Leche League groups for the encouragement of breastfeeding, counseling services for sex education and family planning, as well as several other innovative programs. The target groups for this reeducation effort range from health care professionals, through high school students, to the grassroots and largely illiterate population of Guatemala's women. PMID:12338083

O'leary De Macias, G

1981-02-01

178

[Screeninf for cusching's syndrome in obese patients; is it really necessary?].  

PubMed

Introducción: El síndrome de Cushing (SC) es más frecuente en pacientes con síndrome metabólico. Estudios previos han sugerido que es necesario realizar un despistaje de SC en pacientes obesos; sin embargo, estudios más recientes sólo recomiendan el despistaje en pacientes con hipertensión o diabetes mal controlados, a pesar de tratamiento. Objetivo: Evaluar la prevalencia de SC oculto en pacientes con obesidad mórbida. Pacientes y métodos: Estudio observacional retrospectivo en el que se incluyeron 399 pacientes que iban a someterse a cirugía bariátrica. A todos los pacientes se les realizó una historia clínica completa, incluyendo exploración física y test de Nugent, como parte del protocolo precirugía. Resultados: 399 pacientes (308 mujeres, edad media 41,9 ± 10,5 años; IMC medio 51,5 ± 8,4 kg/m2). El 10,3% de los pacientes presentaban prediabetes y el 27,8% diabetes. En 21 de los 399 pacientes, el despistaje fue anormal. En 8 pacientes, medimos cortisol libre en orina de 24 horas (CLU), siendo en todos normal al menos en dos ocasiones (CLU < 150 mcg/24 h), lo que descartaba SC. En 13 pacientes, repetimos el test de Nugent; sólo en 3, el test resultó patológico. Dos de los pacientes estaban en tratamiento con carbamacepina, lo que se consideró un falso positivo. El otro paciente se diagnosticó de Enfermedad de Cushing. Conclusión: La prevalencia de SC fue muy baja en pacientes con obesidad mórbida. Nuestros datos sugieren que no se debería realizarse un despistaje de SC de forma rutinaria. PMID:24951980

Alhambra Expósito, María Rosa; Tenorio Jiménez, Carmen; Molina Puerta, María José; Manzano García, Gregorio; Prior Sánchez, Inmaculada; Muñoz Jiménez, Concepción; Gálvez Moreno, María Ángeles

2014-05-01

179

CYP3A4 Expression in Breast Cancer and its Association with Risk Factors in Mexican Women.  

PubMed

Background: In Mexico, breast cancer (BCa) is the leading type of cancer in women. Cytochrome P450 (CYP450) is a superfamily of major oxidative enzymes that metabolize carcinogens and many antineoplastic drugs. In addition, these enzymes have influence on tumor development and tumor response to therapy. In this report, we analyzed the protein expression in patients with BCa and in healthy women. Links with some clinic-pathological characteristic were also assessed. Materials and Methods: Immunohistochemical analyses were conducted on 48 sets of human breast tumors and normal breast tissues enrolled in Hospital Militar de Especialidades de la Mujer y Neonatologia and Hospital Central Militar, respectively, during the time period from 2010 to 2011. Informed consent was obtained from all participants. Statistical analysis was performed using ?2 or Fisher exact tests to estimate associations and the Mann Whitney U test for comparison of group means. Results: We found a significant CYP3A4 overexpression in BCa stroma and gland regions in comparison with healthy tissue. A significant association between protein expression with smoking, alcoholism and hormonal contraceptives use was also observed. Additionally, we observed estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) positive association in BCa. Conclusions: We suggest that CYP3A4 expression promotes BCa development and can be used in the prediction of tumor response to different treatments. One therapeutic approach may thus be to block CYP3A4 function. PMID:24870798

Floriano-Sanchez, Esau; Rodriguez, Noemi Cardenas; Bandala, Cindy; Coballase-Urrutia, Elvia; Lopez-Cruz, Jaime

2014-01-01

180

Astronomía Gamma desde El Leoncito  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

La astronomía gamma, en el extremo de energías detectadas hasta el presente, se encuentra en desarrollo en muchas partes del mundo y proporciona resultados sorprendentes a medida que la tecnología avanza en el desarrollo de nuevos detectores. La técnica Cherenkov Atmosférica es la utilizada para la detección, mediante telescopios en tierra, del efecto secundario causado por la radiación gamma de muy altas energías (E ? TeV). Por medio de telescopios o arreglos de detectores y utilizando la técnica mencionada, se han podido detectar algunas fuentes puntuales de mucha importancia astrofísica como la Nebulosa del Cangrejo y la galaxia de núcleo activo Markarian 421. El sistema instalado en San Juan, en cooperación con el grupo de Radiación Gamma del Observatorio Whipple, está constituído por tres colectores de 1.5m que registran pulsos de luz generados por las cascadas de partículas producidas por rayos cósmicos de todo tipo al entrar en la atmósfera terrestre. El sistema opera por barrido en ascención recta de la fuente observada que, para esta etapa del experimento, es el Centro Galáctico. Esta fuente extensa es conocida como emisor gamma de energías inferiores al TeV y ha sido observada anteriormente en este rango de energía desde el hemisferio norte pero con elevaciones bajas, situación no óptima para este tipo de técnica. Se presentan los primeros resultados del análisis de los datos obtenidos observando la región del Centro Galáctico, luego de dos años de observaciones, así como una descripción de la técnica Cherenkov Atmosférica y del equipo utilizado en la experiencia.

Rovero, A. C.; Colombo, E.; Sahade, J.; Weekes, T. C.

181

Como Lo Hago Yo: Mielomeningocele En Bolivia  

PubMed Central

Introducción: Las malformaciones del tubo neural (MTN) representan la segunda causa más frecuente de anomalías congénitas, luego de las cardiopatías. En este grupo se destaca el mielomeningocele (MMC) por su mayor incidencia, y por ser la más incapacitante y la más compleja entre todas las demás malformaciones del sistema nervioso c`entral (SNC). En Bolivia, como en muchos países de Sudamérica, los bajos niveles socio-culturales y la debilidad en el sistema sanitario, hacen que su incidencia y su morbilidad, sean mayores que en las naciones más desarrolladas. Material y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo y descriptivo de 70 casos de MMC, atendidos por un equipo multidisciplinario en el Hospital Universitario Japonés (HUJ) de Santa Cruz de la Sierra, entre 2008-2011. De ellos, 60 fueron intervenidos quirúrgicamente. Resultados: Se realizaron controles prenatales sólo en 27 mujeres (38.6%), diagnosticándose una disrafia espinal en apenas dos casos (7.4%). La edad de ingreso del MMC en su mayoría fue después de las 24 horas (65.6%), predominando su localización en la región lumbosacra (64.3%). De ellos, 67.2% eran abiertos, presentando un 32.9% un daño neurológico motor parcial mientras que 47.1% tenían paraplejia por debajo de la lesión. De los 70 casos, tres (4.3%) no fueron intervenidos, por presentar defectos congénitos severos o estado general grave. Las principales complicaciones posoperatorias inmediatas fueron: dehiscencia de sutura y/o infección de la herida (16.6%), fístula de líquido cefalorraquídeo (LCR) (10%) e infección del SNC (11.7%). La mortalidad general y postoperatoria fue de 7.1% y 3.3%, respectivamente. Al mes de vida presentaban hidrocefalia un 80% de los pacientes operados, colocándose una derivación ventriculoperitoneal (DVP) de presión media. De 9 pacientes que tuvieron un acompanamiento de dos o más años, seis presentaron una médula anclada, que fueron intervenidas quirúrgicamente. Conclusión: En esta serie, el diagnóstico prenatal del MMC fue ocasional y la derivación al HUJ de los recién nacidos con esta malformación fue generalmente tardía. No hubo predominio de género y la mayoría de los casos presentaron sus lesiones en la región lumbar y lumbosacra. La mortalidad general y postoperatoria fue similar a la reportada en la literatura. Pocos enfermos realizaron controles posteriores al alta hospitalaria. Igual que otros países de Sudamérica, las falencias en el sistema público de salud y el nivel sociocultural, son factores determinantes para un mal pronóstico en estos niños. Por sus múltiples complicaciones, el MMC requiere de una especial atención gubernamental, sobre todo de carácter preventivo mediante el uso de ácido fólico en mujeres fértiles, como también de un equipo profesional multidisciplinario, a fin de realizar un tratamiento adecuado y oportuno. Al mismo tiempo, trabajos multicéntricos en hospitales de América Latina, ayudarán al mejor manejo de estos pacientes.

Dabdoub, Carlos F.; Dabdoub, Carlos B.; Villavicencio, Ramiro; Quevedo, German

2014-01-01

182

Impact of Chloroquine on Viral Load in Breast Milk  

PubMed Central

Summary The anti-malarial agent chloroquine has activity against HIV. We compared the effect of chloroquine (n = 18) to an anti-malarial agent without known anti-HIV-activity, sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (n = 12), on breast milk HIV RNA levels among HIV-infected breastfeeding women in Zambia. After adjusting for CD4 count and plasma viral load, chloroquine was associated with a trend towards lower levels of HIV RNA in breast milk compared with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (P 0.05). Higher breastmilk viral load was also observed among women receiving presumptive treatment = for symptomatic malaria compared with asymptomatic controls and among controls reporting fever in the prior week. Further research is needed to determine the potential role of chloroquine in prevention of HIV transmission through breastfeeding. Impacte de la chloroquine sur la charge virale dans le lait maternelle La chloroquine, agent antimalarique, a une activité contre le VIH. Nous avons comparé l’effet de la chloroquine à celui d’un autre agent antimalarique, la sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine, dont l’activité sur le VIH n’est pas connue, en mesurant les taux d’ARN de VIH dans le lait maternel de femmes allaitantes infectées par le VIH en Zambie. Après ajustement pour les taux de CD4 et la charge virale dans le plasma, la chloroquine comparée à la sulfadoxine pyrimethamine était associée à une tendance vers des teneurs plus bas en ARN de VIH dans le lait maternel (P = 0,05). Des charges virales plus élevées dans le lait maternel étaient aussi observées chez des femmes recevant un traitement présomptif pour des symptômes de malaria par rapport aux contrôles asymptomatiques et par rapport à des contrôles rapportant de la fièvre durant la première semaine. Des études supplémentaires sont nécessaires pour déterminer le rôle potentiel de la chloroquine dans la prévention de la transmission du VIH par l’allaitement maternel. mots clésVIH, malaria, allaitement maternel, chloroquine, sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine, charge virale du lait maternel, fièvre Impacto de la cloroquina en la carga viral de la leche materna El antimalárico cloroquina tiene actividad frente al VIH. Comparamos el efecto de la cloroquina (n = 18) frente a un antimalárico sin actividad anti-VIH conocida, la sulfadoxina-pirimetamina (n = 12), en los niveles de ARN en la leche materna de mujeres infectadas con VIH, en Zambia. Después de ajustar para recuento de CD4 y la carga viral en plasma, se asoció a la cloroquina con una tendencia hacia menores niveles de ARN del VIH en leche materna, comparado con la sulfadoxina pirimetamina (P = 0.05). También se observó una mayor carga viral en la leche materna de mujeres recibiendo tratamiento presuntivo para malaria sintomática, que en los controles asintomáticos y controles que habáan reportado fiebre la semana anterior. Es necesario realizar más estudios para determinar el papel potencial de la cloroquina en la prevención de la trasmisión de VIH a través de la lactancia materna. palabras claveVIH, malaria, lactancia materna, cloroquina, sulfadoxina pirimetamina, transmisión vertical, leche materna, carga viral, fiebre

Semrau, Katherine; Kuhn, Louise; Kasonde, Prisca; Sinkala, Moses; Kankasa, Chipepo; Shutes, Erin; Vwalika, Cheswa; Ghosh, Mrinal; Aldrovandi, Grace; Thea, Donald M.

2006-01-01

183

Quantitative trait loci mapping of genome regions controlling permethrin resistance in the mosquito Aedes aegypti.  

PubMed

The mosquito Aedes aegypti is the principal vector of dengue and yellow fever flaviviruses. Permethrin is an insecticide used to suppress Ae. aegypti adult populations but metabolic and target site resistance to pyrethroids has evolved in many locations worldwide. Quantitative trait loci (QTL) controlling permethrin survival in Ae. aegypti were mapped in an F(3) advanced intercross line. Parents came from a collection of mosquitoes from Isla Mujeres, México, that had been selected for permethrin resistance for two generations and a reference permethrin-susceptible strain originally from New Orleans. Following a 1-hr permethrin exposure, 439 F(3) adult mosquitoes were phenotyped as knockdown resistant, knocked down/recovered, or dead. For QTL mapping, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified at 22 loci with potential antixenobiotic activity including genes encoding cytochrome P450s (CYP), esterases (EST), or glutathione transferases (GST) and at 12 previously mapped loci. Seven antixenobiotic genes mapped to chromosome I, six to chromosome II, and nine to chromosome III. Two QTL of major effect were detected on chromosome III. One corresponds with a SNP previously associated with permethrin resistance in the para sodium channel gene and the second with the CCEunk7o esterase marker. Additional QTL but of relatively minor effect were also found. These included two sex-linked QTL on chromosome I affecting knockdown and recovery and a QTL affecting survival and recovery. On chromosome II, one QTL affecting survival and a second affecting recovery were detected. The patterns confirm that mutations in the para gene cause target-site insensitivity and are the major source of permethrin resistance but that other genes dispersed throughout the genome contribute to recovery and survival of mosquitoes following permethrin exposure. PMID:18723882

Saavedra-Rodriguez, Karla; Strode, Clare; Flores Suarez, Adriana; Fernandez Salas, Ildefonso; Ranson, Hilary; Hemingway, Janet; Black, William C

2008-10-01

184

Ostracodes as indicators of low-energy versus high-energy marine carbonates, northeastern Yucatan Shelf, Mexico  

SciTech Connect

Carbonate sediments on the inner Yucatan Shelf occur as textural belts paralleling the shoreline. Nearshore, high-energy, oolitically coated grains occur in the strait between Isla Mujeres and the mainland. Nichupte Lagoon, on the lee side of the tombolo connecting Punta Cancun and Cancun, contains fine-grained, low-energy, magnesium-calcite rich mud. Five widely spaced quantitative (total = live + dead) benthic reconnaissance samples were collected from each of these radically different depositional settings. Ostracodes (approximately 300/sample) isolated from each sample were speciated, and ternary plots of the first 3 dominant species generated. Plots from the low-energy Nichupte Lagoon indicate: (1) Cyprideis sp. is the first-order dominant in 80% of these samples, (2) second-order dominants are usually Xestoleberis sp., with some Paranesidea frilled and others, (3) other Paranesidea (frilled and arched) occur as third-order dominants, and (4) the percentage spread among the 5 samples of the first-order dominants is approximately 52%, whereas it is only 24% among the second- and third-order dominants. Ternary diagrams of the first three dominants in high-energy strait sediments reveal: (1) Paranesidea arched is the first-order dominant in 60% of these samples, (2) second-order dominants are almost equally divided between P. arched and P. elongate, (3) third-order dominants are almost equally divided between P. elongate and Neonesidea longisetosa, and (4) the percentage spread among the 5 samples of the first-order dominants is approximately 32%, whereas it is only about 16% among the second- and third-order dominants. The smaller spread (32%, 16%) of the high-energy grainstones of the carbonate strait separates these sediments from the greater spread (52%, 24%) of the low-energy logoonal sediments of Nichupte Lagoon.

Krutak, P.R.; Gio-Argaez, R.

1984-04-01

185

Efficacy of a Health Educator-Delivered HIV Prevention Intervention for Latina Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We developed and assessed AMIGAS (Amigas, Mujeres Latinas, Inform andonos, Gui andonos, y Apoy andonos contra el SIDA [friends, Latina women, informing each other, guiding each other, and supporting each other against AIDS]), a culturally congruent HIV prevention intervention for Latina women adapted from SiSTA (Sistas Informing Sistas about Topics on AIDS), an intervention for African American women. Methods. We recruited 252 Latina women aged 18 to 35 years in Miami, Florida, in 2008 to 2009 and randomized them to the 4-session AMIGAS intervention or a 1-session health intervention. Participants completed audio computer-assisted self-interviews at baseline and follow-up. Results. Over the 6-month follow-up, AMIGAS participants reported more consistent condom use during the past 90 (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 4.81; P < .001) and 30 (AOR = 3.14; P < .001) days and at last sexual encounter (AOR = 2.76; P < .001), and a higher mean percentage condom use during the past 90 (relative change = 55.7%; P < .001) and 30 (relative change = 43.8%; P < .001) days than did comparison participants. AMIGAS participants reported fewer traditional views of gender roles (P = .008), greater self-efficacy for negotiating safer sex (P < .001), greater feelings of power in relationships (P = .02), greater self-efficacy for using condoms (P < .001), and greater HIV knowledge (P = .009) and perceived fewer barriers to using condoms (P < .001). Conclusions. Our results support the efficacy of this linguistically and culturally adapted HIV intervention among ethnically diverse, predominantly foreign-born Latina women.

DiClemente, Ralph J.; Villamizar, Kira; Er, Deja L.; DeVarona, Martina; Taveras, Janelle; Painter, Thomas M.; Lang, Delia L.; Hardin, James W.; Ullah, Evelyn; Stallworth, JoAna; Purcell, David W.; Jean, Reynald

2011-01-01

186

Using Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) to Develop a Community-Level HIV Prevention Intervention for Latinas: A Local Response to a Global Challenge  

PubMed Central

Introduction and Background The arsenal of interventions to reduce the disproportionate rates of HIV and sexually transmitted disease (STD) infection among Latinos in the United States lags behind what is available for other populations. The purpose of this project was to develop an intervention that builds on existing community strengths to promote sexual health among immigrant Latinas. Methods Our community-based participatory research (CBPR) partnership engaged in a multistep intervention development process. The steps were to (1) increase Latina participation in the existing partnership, (2) establish an intervention team, (3) review the existing sexual health literature, (4) explore health-related needs and priorities of Latinas, (5) narrow priorities based on what is important and changeable, (6) blend health behavior theory with Latinas’ lived experiences, (7) design an intervention conceptual model, (8) develop training modules and (9) resource materials, and (10) pretest and (11) revise the intervention. Results The MuJEReS intervention contains five modules to train Latinas to serve as lay health advisors (LHAs) known as “Comadres.” These modules synthesize locally collected data with other local and national data, blend health behavior theory with the lived experiences of immigrant Latinas, and harness a powerful existing community asset, namely, the informal social support Latinas provide one another. Conclusion This promising intervention is designed to meet the sexual health priorities of Latinas. It extends beyond HIV and STDs and frames disease prevention within a sexual health promotion framework. It builds on the strong, preexisting social networks of Latinas and the preexisting, culturally congruent roles of LHAs.

Rhodes, Scott D.; Kelley, Casey; Siman, Florence; Cashman, Rebecca; Alonzo, Jorge; McGuire, Jamie; Wellendorf, Teresa; Hinshaw, Kathy; Allen, Alex Boeving; Downs, Mario; Brown, Monica; Martinez, Omar; Duck, Stacy; Reboussin, Beth

2013-01-01

187

Horizontal Movements, Migration Patterns, and Population Structure of Whale Sharks in the Gulf of Mexico and Northwestern Caribbean Sea  

PubMed Central

Whale sharks, Rhincodon typus, aggregate by the hundreds in a summer feeding area off the northeastern Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico, where the Gulf of Mexico meets the Caribbean Sea. The aggregation remains in the nutrient-rich waters off Isla Holbox, Isla Contoy and Isla Mujeres, Quintana Roo for several months in the summer and then dissipates between August and October. Little has been known about where these sharks come from or migrate to after they disperse. From 2003–2012, we used conventional visual tags, photo-identification, and satellite tags to characterize the basic population structure and large-scale horizontal movements of whale sharks that come to this feeding area off Mexico. The aggregation comprised sharks ranging 2.5–10.0 m in total length and included juveniles, subadults, and adults of both sexes, with a male-biased sex ratio (72%). Individual sharks remained in the area for an estimated mean duration of 24–33 days with maximum residency up to about 6 months as determined by photo-identification. After leaving the feeding area the sharks showed horizontal movements in multiple directions throughout the Gulf of Mexico basin, the northwestern Caribbean Sea, and the Straits of Florida. Returns of individual sharks to the Quintana Roo feeding area in subsequent years were common, with some animals returning for six consecutive years. One female shark with an estimated total length of 7.5 m moved at least 7,213 km in 150 days, traveling through the northern Caribbean Sea and across the equator to the South Atlantic Ocean where her satellite tag popped up near the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. We hypothesize this journey to the open waters of the Mid-Atlantic was for reproductive purposes but alternative explanations are considered. The broad movements of whale sharks across multiple political boundaries corroborates genetics data supporting gene flow between geographically distinct areas and underscores the need for management and conservation strategies for this species on a global scale.

Hueter, Robert E.; Tyminski, John P.; de la Parra, Rafael

2013-01-01

188

Percepcion de los profesores universitarios acerca del concepto cultura cientifica y de sus implicaciones en el nuevo bachillerato del Recinto de Rio Piedras de la Universidad de Puerto Rico  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

El Senado Academico del Recinto de Rio Piedras de la Universidad de Puerto Rico aprobo en el ano academico 2005-2006 la Certificacion 46, que contiene los lineamientos de un nuevo bachillerato. Este nuevo bachillerato introdujo cambios significativos en el curriculo tradicional. Entre ellos se encuentra la reduccion del componente de educacion general y el de Ciencias Biologicas en particular. La reduccion de creditos en el componente de Ciencias Biologicas ha obligado a reevaluar el concepto de cultura cientifica que desarrollan esos cursos. El proposito del estudio consistio en auscultar las percepciones de los profesores de las Facultades de Administracion de Empresas, Humanidades, Ciencias Sociales, Ciencias Naturales, Educacion y Estudios Generales del Recinto de Rio Piedras de la Universidad de Puerto Rico en torno al concepto de cultura cientifica, los contenidos disciplinares del curso de Ciencias Biologicas y la reduccion de creditos en el nuevo bachillerato. Las preguntas que guiaron la investigacion fueron: ¿cuales son las percepciones que tienen los profesores de las Facultades de Administracion de Empresas, Ciencias Sociales, Estudios Generales, Ciencias Naturales, Humanidades y Educacion, en torno al concepto de cultura cientifica y los contenidos disciplinares del curso de Ciencias Biologicas? ¿cuales son las percepciones que tienen los profesores de Ciencias Biologicas en torno al concepto cultura cientifica y los contenidos disciplinares del curso de Ciencias Biologicas? ¿existen diferencias significativas por facultad, genero, experiencia, rango y nombramiento en las percepciones que tienen los profesores del Recinto de Rio Piedras de la Universidad de Puerto Rico sobre los elementos que caracterizan la cultura cientifica y los contenidos biologicos que deben tener los egresados del Recinto? ¿que implicaciones curriculares tienen estos testimonios en el desarrollo del concepto de cultura cientifica en el nuevo bachillerato? Para realizar la investigacion se utilizo una metodologia cuantitativa y la herramienta para lograrlo fue una encuesta. La encuesta se analizo estadisticamente mediante analisis de frecuencias y por cientos, prueba ANOVA, prueba t, pruebas Post Hoc de Tukey y de Levene. Tambien se realizo nuevamente una prueba de confiabilidad mediante el alfa de Cronbach. Los resultados reflejaron que los profesores de las Facultades de Administracion de Empresas, Ciencias Sociales, Ciencias Naturales, Educacion, Humanidades, Estudios Generales y el Departamento de Ciencias Biologicas tienen una percepcion muy positiva del concepto de cultura cientifica, los contenidos curriculares de Ciencias Biologicas y del nuevo bachillerato.

Ramos Pastrana, Nilsa

189

A mutation in the voltage-gated sodium channel gene associated with pyrethroid resistance in Latin American Aedes aegypti.  

PubMed

Pyrethroids are commonly used as mosquito adulticides and evolution of resistance to these compounds is a major threat to public health. 'Knockdown resistance' to pyrethroids (kdr) is frequently caused by nonsynonymous mutations in the voltage-gated sodium channel transmembrane protein (para) that reduce pyrethroid binding. Early detection of kdr is critical to the development of resistance management strategies in mosquitoes including Aedes aegypti, the most prevalent vector of dengue and yellow fever viruses. Brengues et al. described seven novel mutations in hydrophobic segment 6 of domain II of para in Ae. aegypti. Assays on larvae from strains bearing these mutations indicated reduced nerve sensitivity to permethrin inhibition. Two of these occurred in codons Iso1011 and Val1016 in exons 20 and 21 respectively. A transition in the third position of Iso1011 encoded a Met1011 replacement and a transversion in the second position of Val1016 encoded a Gly1016 replacement. We have screened this same region in 1318 mosquitoes in 32 additional strains; 30 from throughout Latin America. While the Gly1016 allele was never detected in Latin America, we found two new mutations in these same codons. A transition in the first position of codon 1011 encodes a Val replacement while a transition in the first position of codon 1016 encodes an Iso replacement. We developed PCR assays for these four mutations that can be read either on an agarose gel or as a melting curve. Selection experiments, one with deltamethrin on a field strain from Santiago de Cuba and another with permethrin on a strain from Isla Mujeres, Mexico rapidly increased the frequency of the Iso1016 allele. Bioassays of F(3) offspring arising from permethrin susceptible Val1016 homozygous parents and permethrin resistant Iso1016 homozygous parents show that Iso1016 segregates as a recessive allele in conferring kdr. Analysis of segregation between alleles at the 1011 and 1016 codons in the F(3) showed a high rate of recombination even though the two codons are only separated by a ~250 bp intron. The tools and information presented provide a means for early detection and characterization of kdr that is critical to the development of strategies for resistance management. PMID:18093007

Saavedra-Rodriguez, K; Urdaneta-Marquez, L; Rajatileka, S; Moulton, M; Flores, A E; Fernandez-Salas, I; Bisset, J; Rodriguez, M; McCall, P J; Donnelly, M J; Ranson, H; Hemingway, J; Black, W C

2007-12-01

190

Finding common ground: redefining women's work in Colombia.  

PubMed

Colombia's women's organizations which help household workers are profiled. In Bogota the Asociacion de Mujeres Trabajadoras del Hogar (AMUTRAHOGAR) provides legal counseling, educational courses, and a friendly gathering place. The experiences of several women are highlighted, e.g., Emma Ojeda comes to the weekly meetings for legal and moral support. AMUTRAHOGAR is an alliance of unskilled and largely rural workers and professional and urban women who are concerned with the joint recognition of the importance of domestic service. The stigma is by gender, social rank, and sometimes race. This informal economy does not have very accurate figures on workers. The estimate is half a million of mostly rural migrants. Another important organization is the Asociacion Colombiana para el Estudio de la Poplacion (ACEP) which is a nongovernmental organization in Bogota begun in 1981. The aim was to review existing labor laws and evaluate how well the code was meeting women's needs. Magdalena Leon has been a research sociologist studying women's issues for 20 years through ACEP. ACEP has worked with the Sindicato de Trabajadoras del Servicio Domesticao (SINTRASEDOM) which represents and lobbies for household workers. Violation of the law on live-ins, wages, and time off duty was discovered a common occurrence. In the application of the law, employers found loopholes, and, for instance, subtracted food, clothing, and shelter which left little pocket money. The ACEP program was expanded to other cities in 1983. Program expansion included informal courses on citizenship, sexuality, and the role of women in Colombian society. When the social security code was reformed in 1977, household workers became eligible for benefits, but many employers were unaware of it. The law also excluded those with wages under the minimum wage. A public campaign was begun in 1985 by ACEP and SINTRASEDOM to inform people about the law. Community action was disrupted by unrelated political violence and a volcanic eruption. In January 1988 after 5 years of hard work Law 11 was passed which assured household workers social security benefits. A by-product was consciousness raising of many women and the formation of autonomous women's groups. Radio broadcasts now use the term professional household workers. PMID:12286185

Donaldson, J K

1992-01-01

191

Quality management systems for fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) sterile insect technique  

SciTech Connect

The papers presented in this issue are focused on developing and validating procedures to improve the overall quality of sterile fruit flies for use in area-wide integrated pest management (AW-IPM) programs with a sterile insect technique (SIT) component. The group was coordinated and partially funded by the Joint FAO/IAEA Programme of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria, under a five-year Coordinated Research Project (CRP) on 'Quality Assurance in Mass-Reared and Released Fruit Flies for Use in SIT Programmes'. Participants in the CRP from 16 countries came from both basic and applied fields of expertise to ensure that appropriate and relevant procedures were developed. A variety of studies was undertaken to develop protocols to assess strain compatibility and to improve colonization procedures and strain management. Specific studies addressed issues related to insect nutrition, irradiation protocols, field dispersal and survival, field cage behavior assessments, and enhancement of mating competitiveness. The main objective was to increase the efficiency of operational fruit fly programs using sterile insects and to reduce their cost. Many of the protocols developed or improved during the CRP will be incorporated into the international quality control manual for sterile tephritid fruit flies, standardizing key components of the production, sterilization, shipment, handling, and release of sterile insects. (author) [Spanish] Los articulos presentados en este numero se enfocan en el desarrollo y la validacion de procedimientos para mejorar la calidad total de moscas de las frutas esteriles para su uso en programas de manejo integrado de plagas en donde la tecnica del insecto esteril (TIE) es uno de los componentes clave. El grupo fue coordinado y parcialmente financiado por la Division Conjunta de Tecnicas Nucleares para la Alimentacion y la Agricultura de la FAO/OIEA, Viena, Austria, por un periodo de cinco anos bajo el proyecto de Investigacion Coordinada (PIC) sobre 'el Aseguramiento de la Calidad de Moscas de las Frutas Criadas y Liberadas para su Uso en Programas de TIE'. Los participantes en el PIC representan 16 paises con experiencia en campos de investigacion basica y aplicada. Para asegurar que los procedimientos desarrollados fueran apropiados y pertinentes, se realizaron una variedad de estudios para el desarrollo de protocolos para evaluar la compatibilidad y para mejorar los procedimientos de colonizacion y manejo de cepas salvajes. Estudios especificos trataron asuntos relacionados con la nutricion de insectos, los protocolos de irradiacion, la dispersion y supervivencia en el campo, evaluacion del comportamiento en jaulas de campo, y el mejoramiento de la competitividad sexual. Los objetivos fundamentales fueron el aumentar la eficiencia y reducir los costos de los programas operacionales de control de moscas de las frutas donde TIE es utilizada. Muchos de los protocolos desarrollados o mejorados durante el PIC seran incorporados en el Manual Internacional de Control de Calidad para Moscas Estriles de la familia Tephritidae, para estandarizar componentes claves como la produccion, esterilizacion, envio, manejo y liberacion de insectos esteriles. (author)

Caceres, C.; Robinson, A. [Joint FAO/IAEA Programme of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, International Atomic Energy Agency, Agency's Laboratories, A-2444 Seibersdorf (Austria); McInnis, D. [USDA-ARS USPBARC, 2727 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96720 (United States); Shelly, T. [USDA/APHIS/CPHST, 41-650 Ahiki St. Waimanalo, HI 96795 (United States); Jang, E. [USDA-ARS USPBARC, P.O. Box 4459, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Hendrichs, J. [Joint FAO/IAEA Programme of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, International Atomic Energy Agency, Wagramerstrasse 5. P.O. Box 100, A-1400 Vienna (Austria)

2007-03-15