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1

Multidisciplinary team-based project work: planning factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper examines some aspects of the planning and practice of multidisciplinary team based design project work at undergraduate level. It is based on a survey conducted in the UK for The Royal Academy of Engineering and The Design Council (which would be relevant to any design centred work). Pressures internal and external to engineering courses for the adoption of

H. G. Denton

1997-01-01

2

Conjoint multi-disciplinary assessment in a community mental health team: the impact on the social work role.  

PubMed

Community Mental Health Teams (CMHTs) offer the opportunity to integrate social workers and health professionals to provide multi-disciplinary assessment and care. This potential for joint working is frequently not fully realised, with the various professions operating independently. Social work staff in CMHTs are reported to experience high levels of role confusion. This study of the introduction of a system of conjoint multi-disciplinary assessment in a Scottish CMHT describes the positive impact on the social work role in terms of greater involvement in front-line assessments to the CMHT and more fully integrated teamwork. PMID:12365761

Mitchell, Fraser; Patience, Douglas A

2002-01-01

3

Improving patient and carer communication, multidisciplinary team working and goal-setting in stroke rehabilitation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the extent to which three forms of multidisciplinary team (MDT) care in stroke rehabilitation meet the standards set by the United Kingdom National Service Framework (NSF).Design: Consecutive assessment of the three forms of care was completed.Subjects: The study included three groups of 25 stroke inpatients on the stroke rehabilitation ward.Intervention: (1) A standard weekly MDT meeting using

J Monaghan; K Channell; D McDowell; A K Sharma

2005-01-01

4

Working with 'hands-off' support: a qualitative study of multidisciplinary teams' experiences of home rehabilitation for older people.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: There is a move towards the provision of rehabilitation for older people in their homes. It is essential to ensure that rehabilitation services promote independence of older people. AIM: The aim of the study was to explore multidisciplinary teams' experiences of home rehabilitation for older people. METHODS: Five focus groups were conducted with multidisciplinary teams based in a municipality in Sweden, covering seven different professions. In total, 28 participants volunteered to participate in these interviews. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed according to content analysis. RESULTS: Two main categories, as well as four subcategories, emerged. The first main category, having a rehabilitative approach in everyday life, consisted of the subcategories: 'giving 'hands-off' support' and 'being in a home environment'. The second main category, working across professional boundaries, consisted of the subcategories: 'coordinating resources' and 'learning from each other'. CONCLUSION: Common goals, communication skills and role understanding contributed to facilitating the teams' performances of rehabilitation. A potential benefit of home rehabilitation, because the older person is in a familiar environment, is to work a rehabilitative approach into each individual's activity in their everyday life in order to meet their specific needs. At an organisational level, there is a need for developing services to further support older people's psychosocial needs during rehabilitation. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Team performance towards an individual's rehabilitation should come from an emerged whole and not only from the performance of a specific professional approach depending on the traditional role of each profession. A rehabilitative approach is based on 'hands-off' support in order to incorporate an individual's everyday activities as a part of their rehabilitation. PMID:23216671

Randström, Kerstin Björkman; Wengler, Yvonne; Asplund, Kenneth; Svedlund, Marianne

2012-12-01

5

The Problems Facing Multidisciplinary Teams: As Perceived by Team Members.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated the problems team members perceive to exist on multidisciplinary teams. Results indicated the two major areas of concern for urban, multidisciplinary team members were: too constrictive a set of team roles and goals, and teams functioning under extensive pressure with minimal support. (Author)

Pfeiffer, Steven I.

1981-01-01

6

A National Look at Elder Abuse Multidisciplinary Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Elder abuse multidisciplinary teams (MDTs) include professionals from diverse disciplines who work together to review cases of elder abuse and address systemic problems. Using an e-mail survey format, the authors received information from 31 MDT coordinators across the country representing fatality review teams, financial abuse specialist teams, medically oriented teams, and “traditional” teams. The coordinators provided information on the functions

Pamela B. Teaster; Lisa Nerenberg; Kim L. Stansbury

2003-01-01

7

Multidisciplinary Team Perspectives on Older Adult Hoarding and Mental Illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative study examined multidisciplinary team members' perspectives of their involvement in older adult hoarding cases. Fifteen informants, as representatives of four hoarding teams, described cases in which teams did or did not work well together. Specifically, informants described their (1) team characteristics, (2) awareness of hoarding as a mental health illness, (3) barriers to providing mental health services for

Terry L. Koenig; Matthew R. Leiste; Richard Spano; Rosemary K. Chapin

2012-01-01

8

Multidisciplinary team perspectives on older adult hoarding and mental illness.  

PubMed

This qualitative study examined multidisciplinary team members' perspectives of their involvement in older adult hoarding cases. Fifteen informants, as representatives of four hoarding teams, described cases in which teams did or did not work well together. Specifically, informants described their (a) team characteristics, (b) awareness of hoarding as a mental health illness, (c) barriers to providing mental health services for older adults who hoard, and (d) components of successful teamwork within the team and with the older adult as hoarder. Implications include research to better guide interventions, team training to develop common perspectives, and policy development that supports mental health representation on teams and in-home mental health treatment. PMID:23289417

Koenig, Terry L; Leiste, Matthew R; Spano, Richard; Chapin, Rosemary K

2013-01-01

9

[Secondary lymphedema--the importance of a multidisciplinary team approach].  

PubMed

Secondary lymphedema is the most common type of lymphedema. Malignancy, mainly breast carcinoma, is the main cause of upper extremity lymphedema, while groin dissection, irradiation and trauma are the cause of lower extremity lymphedema. Early recognition of the pathology followed by early referral to a vascular surgeon, leading a multidisciplinary team, who takes care of those patients, can prevent a miserable Life from these patients. Lifelong commitment of the patients, prolonged financial support of the health insurance supplier, as well as team work of the group taking care of the patient, is the only way to help these patients. PMID:23713374

Heldenberg, Eitan; Bass, Arie

2013-03-01

10

Multi-Disciplinary Team Project With Software  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Multi-disciplinary team projects are an important element in the ABET accreditation of engineering programs. The basic manufacturing processes course in the Industrial Engineering (IE) Program at West Virginia University is one of only two IE courses which are required by other engineering majors. A software program was developed to assist students in the evaluation of costs when selecting different materials and shapes to meet specific load and deflection requirements. The program has been used for four semesters to develop an appreciation of the effect of material selection and design upon the total cost of a multi-constrained project. Students have indicated several problems which resulted in model changes and the development of an instruction manual. The project has been modified so that several reports are required before the final project. This paper discusses the student responses and the effect of the use of multiple reports.

Creese, Robert; Deepak, Gupta

2009-09-11

11

The interplay of conflict and analogy in multidisciplinary teams.  

PubMed

Creative teamwork in multidisciplinary teams is a topic of interest to cognitive psychologists on the one hand, and to both social and organizational psychologists on the other. However, the interconnections between cognitive and social layers have been rarely explored. Drawing on mental models and dissonance theories, the current study takes a central variable studied by cognitive psychologists-analogy-and examines its relationship to a central variable examined by social psychologists-conflict. In an observational, field study, over 11h of audio-video data from conversations of the Mars Exploration Rover scientists were coded for different types of analogy and micro-conflicts that reveal the character of underlying psychological mechanisms. Two different types of time-lagged logistic models applied to these data revealed asymmetric patterns of associations between analogy and conflict. Within-domain analogies, but not within-discipline or outside-discipline analogies, preceded science and work process conflicts, suggesting that in multidisciplinary teams, representational gaps in very close domains will be more likely to spark conflict. But analogies also occurred in reaction to conflict: Process and negative conflicts, but not task conflicts, preceded within-discipline analogies, but not to within-domain or outside-discipline analogies. This study demonstrates ways in which cognition can be bidirectionally tied to social processes and discourse. PMID:22980920

Paletz, Susannah B F; Schunn, Christian D; Kim, Kevin H

2012-09-12

12

Teams work (panel session)  

Microsoft Academic Search

“I didn't think I'd like group work, but I ended up in a good team and it was a great experience. But I feel if you end up in a bad team it can really get you down and will affect your mark.” This student response (University of Exeter, U.K.) is typical and telling. At least some of the time

Sally Fincher; James Caristi

2000-01-01

13

The effect of multidisciplinary team care on cancer management  

PubMed Central

Over the past 15 years, the multidisciplinary team management of many medical conditions especially cancers has increasingly taken a prominent role in patient management in many hospitals and medical centres in the developed countries. In the United Kingdom, it began to gain prominence following the Calman-Heine report in 1995 which suggested that each Cancer Unit in a hospital should have in place arrangements for non-surgical oncological input into services, with a role for a non-surgical oncologist. The report further suggested that a lead clinician with a well established interest in cancer care should be appointed to organise and coordinate the whole range of cancer services provided within the Cancer Unit. Many people have argued that the multidisciplinary team management of patients has resulted in better care and improved survival. However, there are barriers to the optimal effectiveness of the multidisciplinary team. This paper aims to review various studies on the effectiveness of the multidisciplinary team in the management of cancer patients and also discuss some of the barriers to the multidisciplinary team.

Abdulrahman, Ganiy Opeyemi

2011-01-01

14

Multidisciplinary team modeling of a complex sandstone reservoir, Colorado  

Microsoft Academic Search

A U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) research grant was awarded to Colorado School of Mines to develop a comprehensive, multidisciplinary approach to characterizing the architecture, behavior and economics of a petroleum reservoir. This approach was intended to provide a development strategy model for application by small to large petroleum companies. A multidisciplinary faculty\\/student team was formed. A structurally\\/stratigraphically complex oil\\/gas

R. Slatt; R. Thompson; R. Graves

1995-01-01

15

High Involvement Work Teams.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These three papers were presented at a symposium on high-involvement work teams moderated by Michael Leimbach at the 1996 conference of the Academy of Human Resource Development. "Beyond Training to the New Learning Environment: Workers on the High-Involvement Frontline" (Joseph Anthony Ilacqua, Carol Ann Zulauf) shows the link between an…

1996

16

Heterogeneity and Work Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper attempts to extend and contribute to the domestic diversity literature by presenting a comprehensive model that takes into consideration the Indian work set up. It proposes to examine the effects of the composition of information systems development teams in Indian firms. Besides the conventional demographics which were studied…

Dyaram, Lata; Kamalanabhan, T. J.

2008-01-01

17

Making design teams work  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, senior mechanical engineering students participate in a two semester capstone design project. The students work in teams on a problem provided by industry to create a realistic environment for using their engineering skills in an applied setting. This scenario provides not only a real design problem, it also produces the same people problems encountered

J. Elaine Seat; William A. Poppen; Kathy Boone; J. Roger Parsons

1996-01-01

18

Reflections on Knowledge Brokering within a Multidisciplinary Research Team  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Knowledge brokering (KB) may be one approach of helping researchers and decision makers effectively communicate their needs and abilities, and move toward increased use of evidence in health care. A multidisciplinary research team in Nova Scotia, Canada, has created a dedicated KB position with the goal of improving access to quality colorectal…

Urquhart, Robin; Porter, Geoffrey A.; Grunfeld, Eva

2011-01-01

19

Reflections on Knowledge Brokering within a Multidisciplinary Research Team  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Knowledge brokering (KB) may be one approach of helping researchers and decision makers effectively communicate their needs and abilities, and move toward increased use of evidence in health care. A multidisciplinary research team in Nova Scotia, Canada, has created a dedicated KB position with the goal of improving access to quality colorectal…

Urquhart, Robin; Porter, Geoffrey A.; Grunfeld, Eva

2011-01-01

20

The Interplay of Conflict and Analogy in Multidisciplinary Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Creative teamwork in multidisciplinary teams is a topic of interest to cognitive psychologists on the one hand, and to both social and organizational psychologists on the other. However, the interconnections between cognitive and social layers have been rarely explored. Drawing on mental models and dissonance theories, the current study takes a…

Paletz, Susannah B. F.; Schunn, Christian D.; Kim, Kevin H.

2013-01-01

21

Public Law 99-457: Facilitating Family Participation on the Multidisciplinary Team  

Microsoft Academic Search

The requirements for family participation on multidisciplinary teams under PL 99-457 are presented, followed by a brief review of the literature on family participation on existing multidisciplinary teams. A review of the literature on teamwork informs the identification of factors that influence team functioning. The implications of these factors for family participation on the multidisciplinary team are discussed, and strategies

James K. Nash

1990-01-01

22

Quality Work Teams.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A growing number of schools and districts are considering using teams to handle all types of decision making and advisory activities. The term "teams" can be applied to a wide spectrum of groups with various purposes or powers. This bulletin was designed to assist those who want to create efficient, successful teams. It provides suggestions on…

Oswald, Lori Jo

1995-01-01

23

Critical care bug team: A multidisciplinary team approach to reducing ventilator-associated pneumonia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Ventilator-associated pneumonia rates in the medical-surgical intensive care unit first exceeded the 90th percentile in September 1997 and were significantly (P < .05) higher than National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance System pooled mean data. In January 1998, a multidisciplinary “Critical Care Bug Team” was developed by the Infection Control Committee to review 1997 National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance System data for

Judy Kaye; Vivian Ashline; Deborah Erickson; Kathy Zeiler; Dawn Gavigan; Lisa Gannon; Patricia Wynne; Janice Cooper; William Kittle; Kailash Sharma; Jared Morton

2000-01-01

24

Multidisciplinary workshops: learning to work together.  

PubMed

Health and social care professional practice needs to move with the times and to respond to the ever-changing combination of health needs, economic realities and health-policy imperatives. A clear understanding of the variety of forces at play and the ability to marshal these to good effect by working in partnership with multidisciplinary colleagues and children/families is a must, not least in this time of economic austerity and ever-rising health inequalities, when vulnerable children's lives and complex family relationships and behaviours so easily become increasingly strained and challenged. This sad reality calls out for relevant joined-up solutions by all participants--an agenda so often called into question by court judgement after court judgement. The multidisciplinary workshops to be discussed have developed and changed over the past decade and provide a safe but realistic learning environment for students from health and social care backgrounds to experience the difficulties and barriers to good multidisciplinary working, to better understand others' perspectives and activities and consider and develop new and better practical strategies for working with multidisciplinary professional colleagues, children and families. All of the workshops are underpinned by specific discipline-focused theoretical work. PMID:23540014

Fatchett, Anita; Taylor, Dawn

2013-03-01

25

What is a virtual multidisciplinary team (vMDT)?  

PubMed Central

Background: Multidisciplinary team meetings (MDTs), also known as tumour boards or multidisciplinary case conferences, are an integral component of contemporary cancer care. There are logistical problems with setting up and maintaining participation in these meetings. An ill-defined concept, the virtual MDT (vMDT), has arisen in response to these difficulties. We have, in order to provide clarity and to generate discussion, attempted to define the concept of the vMDT, outline its advantages and disadvantages, and consider some of the practical aspects involved in setting up a virtual MDT. Methods: This is an unstructured review of published evidence and personal experience relating to virtual teams in general, and to MDTs in particular. Results: We have devised a simple taxonomy for MDTs, discussed some of the practicalities involved in setting up a vMDT, and described some of the potential advantages and disadvantages associated with vMDTs. Conclusion: The vMDT may be useful for discussions concerning rare or unusual tumours, or for helping guide the assessment and management of patients with uncommon complications related to treatment. However, the vMDT is a niche concept and is currently unlikely to replace the more traditional face-to-face MDT in the management of common tumours at specific sites.

Munro, A J; Swartzman, S

2013-01-01

26

Multidisciplinary team modeling of a complex sandstone reservoir, Colorado  

SciTech Connect

A U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) research grant was awarded to Colorado School of Mines to develop a comprehensive, multidisciplinary approach to characterizing the architecture, behavior and economics of a petroleum reservoir. This approach was intended to provide a development strategy model for application by small to large petroleum companies. A multidisciplinary faculty/student team was formed. A structurally/stratigraphically complex oil/gas producing Cretaceous sandstone was selected because the 1100 wells, several cores, 3D seismic survey, and numerous well performance/test results that were available were ideal for establishing data requirements and procedures for optimal characterization. Well data were entered into a PC-based spreadsheet/analysis system. Statistical treatments were developed to easily identify anomalous well picks from the large database which might be a result of typographical/transcription errors, deviated wells, and miscorrelations, in addition to geologic factors. Computer-generated maps and cross-sections were constructed from this {open_quotes}clean{close_quote} database to develop a basic stratigraphic and structural framework, which was then refined by interpretation of 3D seismic, well test, and performance data. The 3D seismic was particularly useful in detecting faults/fractures that were too small to be recognized from well information, but which proved to be significant in controlling reservoir fluid distributions and flow behavior. Several iterations of this procedure by the whole team resulted in a comprehensive geologic model of the reservoir which conformed to performance characteristics, and which opened up new opportunities in a {open_quote}mature{close_quote} hydrocarbon basin. This systematic approach can be applied relatively quickly to areas in which a large amount of information is available which might otherwise be avoided owing to time constraints.

Slatt, R.; Thompson, R.; Graves, R. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States)] [and others

1995-08-01

27

Medical Team Training: Using Simulation as a Teaching Strategy for Group Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Described is an innovative approach currently being used to inspire group work, specifically a medical team training model, referred to as The Simulation Model, which includes as its major components: (1) Prior Training in Group Work of Medical Team Members; (2) Simulation in Teams or Groups; (3) Multidisciplinary Teamwork; (4) Team Leader…

Moyer, Michael R.; Brown, Rhonda Douglas

2011-01-01

28

Multidisciplinary care team for cancer patients and its implementation in several Middle Eastern countries.  

PubMed

This article introduces palliative care to cancer patients in Middle Eastern countries. It considers the importance of the multidisciplinary team in providing an adequate service to the patient and his/her family. It provides views of professionals from the various countries with regard to the role of the nurse in such teams; whereby the three elements of palliative care nursing entail: 1. Working directly with patients and families; 2. Working with other health and social care professionals to network and co-ordinate services; and 3. working at an organizational level to plan, develop and manage service provision in local, regional and national settings. This article also details the challenges that nurses face in the Middle East and outlines the preferable ways to overcome such challenges. The latter include more focused educational activities at the undergraduate and graduate levels and continuous clinical training throughout their work as palliative care nurse specialists. PMID:24001762

Silbermann, M; Pitsillides, B; Al-Alfi, N; Omran, S; Al-Jabri, K; Elshamy, K; Ghrayeb, I; Livneh, J; Daher, M; Charalambous, H; Jafferri, A; Fink, R; El-Shamy, M

2013-10-01

29

Learning Geomicrobiology as a Team Using Microbial Mats, a Multidisciplinary Approach  

PubMed Central

Microbial mats are one of the best suited laminar organo-sedimentary ecosystems for students from different educational backgrounds to visualize the direct relationship between microbes and minerals. We have used tropical hypersaline microbial mats from Puerto Rico as educational tools to promote active learning of geomicrobiology introductory concepts for undergraduate students organized in multidisciplinary teams with biological and geological backgrounds. Besides field trips and independent research projects focused on microbial mats, four intensive workshops and one capstone activity were designed to expose students to the different geomicrobiology subdisciplines (microbiology, molecular biology, geology, and geochemistry). The teaching-learning process was assessed using pre- and posttests, group discussions, activities including Gallery Walks and exquisite cadaver’s, case studies, and focal interviews. While the posttest showed a significant difference in conceptual understanding, the Gallery Walk and the capstone activities demonstrated increase in the depth, coherence, and thoughtfulness in answering questions, including a clear integration of the different subdisciplines during their presentations. Finally, the main themes described by the students as important outcomes of their participation in the Research at Undergraduate Institutions: Microbial Observatory (RUI-MO) program were: (i) the opportunity to study and learn new and different science disciplines, (ii) the microbial mats were excellent tools to learn from and integrate different science disciplines, and (iii) working in multidisciplinary teams gave them the opportunity to learn from their peers’ discipline backgrounds. To our knowledge this is the first educational initiative that uses tropical hypersaline microbial mats to teach geomicrobiology in a multidisciplinary fashion.

Rios-Velazquez, Carlos; Casillas-Martinez, Lilliam; Visscher, Pieter T.

2007-01-01

30

Virtual teams: team control structure, work processes, and team effectiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seeks to determine the impact managerial controls have on the effectiveness of virtual teams. Using an experimental design compares self-directed virtual teams to counterparts where behavior controls are used as a method of managerial control. The data were collected using 51 student teams of three or four members each from three different countries. The results indicate that the most satisfied

Gabriele Piccoli; Anne Powell; Blake Ives

2004-01-01

31

Multidisciplinary medical team meetings: a field study of collaboration in health care  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an observational study that was conducted to guide the design of an enhanced collaboration platform to support distributed multidisciplinary team meetings between two hospitals. Our goal was to find out how the breast cancer multidisciplinary team collaborates in their face-to-face meetings and in their discussions using an existing video-conferencing system and to identify obstacles and issues to their

Jane Li; Toni Robertson; Susan Hansen; Tim Mansfield; Jesper Kjeldskov

2008-01-01

32

The CTSA as an exemplar framework for developing multidisciplinary translational teams.  

PubMed

Translational science requires that scientists from multiple disciplines work together to improve the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of human disease. Although a literature exists on the design and management of multidisciplinary teams, little has been written on multidisciplinary translational teams (MTTs). MTTs are distinct hybrid entities, with goals taken from both industry and academic models. We identified 30 design factors in 10 domains from a literature survey relevant to our MTT model: specific goals, structures, and processes. These dimensions were adapted to our own institutional environment in the selection and management of 11 MTTs that exploited resources of University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB) Clinical and Translational Sciences Awards (CTSA). Case illustrations of two specific MTTs illustrate some of the challenges encountered and opportunities realized in terms of education and scientific advances. Network depiction of disciplinarity indicated that CTSA KRs and CTSA leadership contributed to discipline diversity especially in small (or nascent) MTTs. A separate depiction of MTT-KR utilization indicated that data analysis, translational technologies, and novel methods were heavily utilized by MTTs, whereas other KRs contributed significant effort to infrastructure development. We conclude that the CTSA can provide a rich infrastructural framework and scientific environment for the development of successful MTTs. PMID:23399092

Calhoun, William J; Wooten, Kevin; Bhavnani, Suresh; Anderson, Karl E; Freeman, Jean; Brasier, Allan R

2012-10-17

33

Enhanced clarity and holism: the outcome of implementing the ICF with an acute stroke multidisciplinary team in England  

PubMed Central

Purpose: Although it is recommended that the ICF (International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health) should be implemented to aid communication within multidisciplinary stroke services, there is no empirical evidence to demonstrate the outcomes of such implementation. Working with one stroke service, this project aimed to address this gap and sought to evaluate the outcomes of implementing an ICF-based clinical tool into practice. Method: Using an action research framework with mixed methods, data were collected from individual interviews, a focus group, questionnaires, email communications, minutes from relevant meetings and field notes. Thematic analysis was undertaken, using immersion and crystallisation, to define overall themes. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse quantitative data. Data from both sources were combined to create key findings. Results: Three findings were determined from the data analysis. The ICF (1) fosters communication within and beyond the multidisciplinary stroke team; (2) promotes holistic thinking; and (3) helps to clarify team roles. Conclusions: The ICF enhanced clarity of communication and team roles within the acute stroke multidisciplinary team as well as with other clinicians, patients and their relatives. In addition, the ICF challenged stroke clinicians to think holistically, thereby appropriately extending their domain of concern beyond their traditional remit. Implications for Rehabilitation The ICF is a globally accepted framework to describe functioning and is in use in a variety of clinical settings. Yet, the outcomes of using it in clinical practice have yet to be fully explored. This study found that the ICF enhanced clarity of communication and team roles within an acute stroke multidisciplinary team and to others beyond the team, including clinicians, patients and their relatives. Using the ICF also challenged clinicians to think holistically about patient needs following a stroke.

Harries, Priscilla; Kilbride, Cherry; De Souza, Lorraine

2013-01-01

34

The importance of multidisciplinary team management of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer.  

PubMed

Historically, a simple approach to the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer (nsclc) was applicable to nearly all patients. Recently, a more complex treatment algorithm has emerged, driven by both pathologic and molecular phenotype. This increasing complexity underscores the importance of a multidisciplinary team approach to the diagnosis, treatment, and supportive care of patients with nsclc. A team approach to management is important at all points: from diagnosis, through treatment, to end-of-life care. It also needs to be patient-centred and must involve the patient in decision-making concerning treatment. Multidisciplinary case conferencing is becoming an integral part of care. Early integration of palliative care into the team approach appears to contribute significantly to quality of life and potentially extends overall survival for these patients. Supportive approaches, including psychosocial and nutrition support, should be routinely incorporated into the team approach. Challenges to the implementation of multidisciplinary care require institutional commitment and support. PMID:22787414

Ellis, P M

2012-06-01

35

Teaching the Multidisciplinary Team Approach in a Geriatrics Miniresidency.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A description is provided of the miniresidency program in geriatrics at the University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine which focuses on the multidisciplinary approach to the care of geriatric patients. Observations are given as to the program's effectiveness. (GLR)|

Jackson, J. Edward; And Others

1990-01-01

36

Collaboration Within Different Settings: A Study of Co-located and Distributed Multidisciplinary Medical Team Meetings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports our findings from a study of multidisciplinary team meetings for the treatment and ongoing management of\\u000a breast cancer patients. The focus of the fieldwork was the meetings within and between a large group of multidisciplinary\\u000a health professionals from two hospitals in Sydney, a large public teaching hospital and a much smaller private hospital. The\\u000a paper examines the

Toni Robertson; Jane Li; Kenton O’Hara; Susan Hansen

2010-01-01

37

Moving work teams to the next level  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to become and remain competitive, organizations across America are moving away from traditional hierarchical management toward a network of small work teams. Recent surveys suggest that as many as 80% of American businesses now have one or more work teams in place. Such teams, dedicated to the continuous improvement of their piece of the business, have the potential

B. Simpson

1994-01-01

38

Cauda equina syndrome: the importance of complete multidisciplinary team management.  

PubMed

A 44-year-old lady with a history of lumbar back pain presented to the emergency department complaining of severe back pain radiating to her buttocks. Positive examination findings were a loss of sensation in the perianal area and 348 ml of retained urine. An urgent MRI showed compression of the cauda equina by a herniated disc. The patient was operated upon that evening, having a lumbar 5/sacral 1 decompression and sequestrectomy. During follow-up, the patient was reviewed by a consultant spinal surgeon, a urologist and our cauda equina nurse at every appointment, as per the cauda equina pathway specifically designed and implemented by our spinal unit. This report shows the complex nature of cauda equina syndrome and broad functional deficit patients can suffer from. It shows the benefits of prompt diagnosis and surgery, together with intensive, multidisciplinary follow-up and treatment, all of which are possible by a specially created, cauda equina protocol. PMID:23505270

Shivji, Faiz; Tsegaye, Magnum

2013-03-15

39

Multidisciplinary team management is associated with improved outcomes after surgery for esophageal cancer.  

PubMed

We aim to compare the outcomes of patients undergoing R0 esophagectomy by a multidisciplinary team (MDT) with outcomes after surgery alone performed by surgeons working independently in a UK cancer unit. An historical control group of 77 consecutive patients diagnosed with esophageal cancer and undergoing surgery with curative intent by six general surgeons between 1991 and 1997 (54 R0 esophagectomies) were compared with a group of 67 consecutive patients managed by the MDT between 1998 and 2003 (53 R0 esophagectomies, 26 patients received multimodal therapy). The proportion of patients undergoing open and closed laparotomy and thoracotomy decreased from 21% and 5%, respectively, in control patients, to 13% and 0% in MDT patients (chi2 = 11.90, DF = 1, P = 0.001; chi2 = 5.45, DF = 1, P = 0.02 respectively). MDT patients had lower operative mortality (5.7%vs. 26%; chi2 = 8.22, DF = 1, P = 0.004) than control patients, and were more likely to survive 5 years (52%vs. 10%, chi2 = 15.05, P = 0.0001). In a multivariate analysis, MDT management (HR = 0.337, 95% CI = 0.201-0.564, P < 0.001), lymph node metastases (HR = 1.728, 95% CI = 1.070-2.792, P = 0.025), and American Society of Anesthesiologists grade (HR = 2.207, 95% CI = 1.412-3.450, P = 0.001) were independently associated with duration of survival. Multidisciplinary team management and surgical subspecialization improved outcomes after surgery significantly for patients diagnosed with esophageal cancer. PMID:16722993

Stephens, M R; Lewis, W G; Brewster, A E; Lord, I; Blackshaw, G R J C; Hodzovic, I; Thomas, G V; Roberts, S A; Crosby, T D L; Gent, C; Allison, M C; Shute, K

2006-01-01

40

A Multi-Disciplinary Team Approach to "The Man Made World."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These guidelines were designed to be used in a training program for thirty secondary teachers who planned to implement "The Man Made World" course in their classrooms in the fall of 1970. Emphasis is upon a multi-disciplinary team-teaching approach to help students cope in the real world. Seven chapters are included. Chapter one, the rationale of…

Colorado State Dept. of Education, Denver.

41

A Multidisciplinary Research Team Approach to Computer-Aided Drafting (CAD) System Selection. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A multidisciplinary research team was assembled to review existing computer-aided drafting (CAD) systems for the purpose of enabling staff in the Design Drafting Department at Linn Technical College (Missouri) to select the best system out of the many CAD systems in existence. During the initial stage of the evaluation project, researchers…

Franken, Ken; And Others

42

Multidisciplinary Team Approaches to the Investigation and Resolution of Child Abuse and Neglect: A National Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many benefits have been attributed to multidisciplinary team (MDT) approaches used in the investigation and resolution of child abuse and neglect. Yet more than a decade has passed since the nature and characteristics of MDTs have been examined. Findings presented in this article suggest that MDTs vary according to configuration, legislation, function, composition, and training. Current approaches are distinctive when

Jerome R. Kolbo; Edith Strong

1997-01-01

43

Relating Member Ability and Personality to Work-Team Processes and Team Effectiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Six hundred fifty-two employees composing 51 work teams participated in a study examining relationships among team composition (ability and personality), team process (social cohesion), and team outcomes (team viability and team performance). Mean, variance, minimum, and maximum were 4 scoring methods used to operationalize the team composition variables to capture the team members’ characteristics. With respect to composition variables, teams

Murray R. Barrick; Greg L. Stewart; Mitchell J. Neubert; Michael K. Mount

1998-01-01

44

More than the sum of its parts? A qualitative research synthesis on multi-disciplinary primary care teams.  

PubMed

This qualitative research synthesis reviews interpretive scholarly papers on multi-disciplinary primary care teams. A bibliographic search was conducted in electronic databases: Medline, Embase, and the Web of Science Citation Index, and in the references of retrieved papers. The research consists of a taxonomic analysis of 19 qualitative studies about primary care teams published in peer-reviewed journals between 2001 and July 2008 in English and French. Nineteen qualitative studies were synthesized. Two major concerns emerged: (1) strategies for organizational change toward effective co-operative practice, and (2) dimensions of team interactions and work relations. The authors conclude that qualitative results suggest common strategies to improve the development of primary care teams, while identifying dimensions of team interactions that remain problematic. A fundamental aspect of team formation appears to be overlooked, i.e., the construction of a collective identity, which would involve the whole team in a shared ideal of co-operative practice. The adoption of discourse analysis is suggested as a more sophisticated qualitative methodology to explore this issue. PMID:19012139

Bélanger, Emmanuelle; Rodríguez, Charo

2008-12-01

45

Traditional or centralized models of diabetes care: the multidisciplinary diabetes team approach.  

PubMed

Specialized diabetes care (SDC) centers utilize a multidisciplinary diabetes team to provide patients with highly individualized care. Patients at SDC centers receive their integrated diabetes care in one place--the "one-stop" approach. The components of the SDC center model are: medical care; individualized diabetes education; nutrition; exercise and lifestyle coaching; counseling; monitoring of drug effects. This model results in improved patient outcomes and reduced overall costs. PMID:22336928

Bratcher, Christina R; Bello, Elizabeth

2011-11-01

46

Effectiveness of multidisciplinary team approach and prognosis of inpatients with eating disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multidisciplinary team approach to eating disorders (ED) mainly utilizing behavior therapy including cognitive, group and family therapy has been implemented in our hospital. In order to assess usefulness of our treatment, we investigated the long-term (more than 4 years after discharge) prognosis of the 68 inpatients with ED consisting of restrictive anorexia nervosa (AN) (AN-R), AN with binge-eating\\/purge (AN-BP) and

Nobuatsu Nagai; Tetsuro Naruo; Naoko Homan; Yoshiki Tatebe; Tetsuro Muranaga; Takao Munemoto; Daisuke Yasuhara; Daisuke Deguchi; Shin-ichi Nozoe

2002-01-01

47

Integrated therapeutic approaches in head and neck cancer: the importance of multidisciplinary team management.  

PubMed

Multidisciplinary team (MDT) is of paramount importance in the approach to patients with head and neck cancer. Its aim is to provide the best diagnostic work-up, tumor staging, and treatment. Furthermore, the prognosis of patients who are managed by MDT is usually better. MDT has a great value in all presentation settings. The role of the pathologist in the team is of utmost importance, in particular with regards to information provided on Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) status, which has a well acknowledged independent prognostic value mainly in oropharyngeal carcinoma. In early stage disease, namely in T1-2 N0 M0 patients, the meetings within the MDT mainly involve surgeons and radiation therapists. Surgery represents the mainstay of treatment, while radiation therapy is a suitable alternative, in particular in patients with advanced age, poor performance status and comorbidities. In locally advanced disease, surgeons, medical oncologists and radiotherapists are the key people, since different approaches have been carried out. In operable patients, adjuvant chemoradiation is indicated when resection margins are involved or close, or in presence of extracapsular nodal spread. Concurrent chemoradiotherapy, preceded or not by induction chemotherapy, is the favourite approach in this setting when surgery is strictly not indicated. In recurrent/metastatic disease chemotherapy and best supportive care are the main options, although local treatments, such as reirradiation and salvage surgery, are also worth considering. The standard chemotherapy treatment has finally evolved after about 30 years, and strong efforts are being pursued to further improve the outcome, mainly with the addition of new drugs. PMID:23194421

Perri, Francesco; Muto, Paolo; Aversa, Corrado; Daponte, Antonio; Della Vittoria, Giuseppina; Pepe, Stefano; Caponigro, Francesco

2013-07-01

48

Part 1: Participatory Ergonomics Approach to Waste Container Handling Utilizing a Multidisciplinary Team  

SciTech Connect

This multidisciplinary team approach to waste container handling, developed within the Grassroots Ergonomics process, presents participatory ergonomic interpretations of quantitative and qualitative aspects of this process resulting in a peer developed training. The lower back, shoulders, and wrists were identified as frequently injured areas, so these working postures were a primary focus for the creation of the workers' training. Handling procedures were analyzed by the team to identify common cycles involving one 5 gallon (60 pounds), two 5 gallons (60 and 54 pounds), 30 gallon (216 pounds), and 55 gallon (482 pounds) containers: lowering from transporting to/from transport vehicles, loading/unloading on transport vehicles, and loading onto pallet. Eleven experienced waste container handlers participated in this field analysis. Ergonomic exposure assessment tools measuring these field activities included posture analysis, posture targeting, Lumbar Motion Monitor{trademark} (LMM), and surface electromyography (sEMG) for the erector spinae, infraspinatus, and upper trapezius muscles. Posture analysis indicates that waste container handlers maintained non-neutral lower back postures (flexion, lateral bending, and rotation) for a mean of 51.7% of the time across all activities. The right wrist was in non-neutral postures (radial, ulnar, extension, and flexion) a mean of 30.5% of the time and the left wrist 31.4%. Non-neutral shoulder postures (elevation) were the least common, occurring 17.6% and 14.0% of the time in the right and left shoulders respectively. For training applications, each cycle had its own synchronized posture analysis and posture target diagram. Visual interpretations relating to the peak force modifications of the posture target diagrams proved to be invaluable for the workers' understanding of LMM and sEMG results (refer to Part II). Results were reviewed by the team's field technicians and their interpretations were developed into ergonomic training that address the issues originally raised. This training includes intervention methods, ergonomic tools used, dam acquired, and effects of waste container handling techniques on lower back, shoulder, and wrists and methods to help proactively reduce injuries associated with this profession.

Zalk, D.M.; Tittiranonda, P.; Burastero, S.; Biggs, T.W.; Perry, C.M.; Tageson, R.; Barsnick, L.

2000-02-07

49

Team approach to providing the multidisciplinary medical treatment derived by the patients and their family.  

PubMed

To date, the biological approach to breast cancer, such as pathologic subtype genetic analysis has been well investigated, and is considered to be the most important approach to under breast cancer treatment. Recently, the importance of a team approach to multidisciplinary medical treatment and holistic medical treatment has been recognized. The five following points are important: 1) recognition of patients' needs, 2) clarifying responsibility, 3) respect for each other, 4) maintaining good communication, 5) updating the system. Our original 'team approach path' is useful as a communication tool between a patient and the staff. Patient satisfaction is the purpose and a team approach is one method of carrying out medical treatment led by a patient as well as the medical treatment and informed decision based on narrative. PMID:15657519

Kataoka, Akemi; Ohno, Shinji; Sagara, Yasuaki; Inoue, Hiromichi; Murakami, Shigeru; Esaki, Taito; Oshima, Akira

2005-01-01

50

Feeding difficulties in children with esophageal atresia: treatment by a multidisciplinary team.  

PubMed

Esophageal atresia (EA) is one of the congenital neonatal anomalies whose immediate consequence for the newborn is the inability to feed. Most centers strive to minimize the effects of surgeries and subsequent postoperative complications such as esophageal strictures, respiratory problems, and gastrointestinal reflux on the child's ability or motivation to feed. Feeding difficulties in early infancy may not only interrupt maternal expectations of becoming providers of nutrition to their infants but may also influence the infant's development of sensory motor skills and parent-child relationships. Early involvement by a multidisciplinary team consisting of occupational therapist, nutritionist, and psychologist is an important addition to the surgical and medical team. The team assists in preparing mothers for feeding-related difficulties, providing anticipatory guidance to improve feeding abilities and relationships, especially for children with multiple surgical involvements and prolonged periods of non-oral feeding. PMID:23679033

Ramsay, M; Birnbaum, R

51

Impact of a specialized multidisciplinary tracheostomy team on tracheostomy care in critically ill patients  

PubMed Central

Background A multidisciplinary tracheostomy team was created in 2005 to follow critically ill patients who had undergone a tracheostomy until their discharge from hospital. Composed of a surgeon, surgical resident, respiratory therapist, speech-language pathologist and clinical nurse specialist, this team has been meeting twice a week for rounds involving patients who transitioned from the intensive care unit (ICU) to the medical and surgical wards. Our objective was to assess the impact of this multidisciplinary team on downsizing and decannulation times, on the incidence of speaking valve placement and on the incidence of tracheostomy-related complications on the ward. Methods This study was conducted at a tertiary care, level-1 trauma centre and teaching hospital and involved all patients who had received a tracheostomy during admission to the ICU from Jan. 1 to Dec. 31, 2004 (preservice group), and from Jan. 1 to Dec. 31, 2006 (postservice group). We compared the outcomes of patients who required tracheostomies in a 12-month period after the team was created with those of patients from a similar time frame before the establishment of the team. Results There were 32 patients in the preservice group and 54 patients in the post-service group. Under the new tracheostomy service, there was a decrease in incidence of tube blockage (5.5% v. 25.0%, p = 0.016) and calls for respiratory distress (16.7% v. 37.5%, p = 0.039) on the wards. A significantly larger proportion of patients also received speaking valves (67.4% v. 19.4%, p < 0.001) after creation of the team. Furthermore, there appeared to be a decreased time to first tube downsizing (26.0 to 9.4 d) and decreased time to decannulation (50.4 to 28.4 d), although this did not reach statistical significance owing to our small sample size. Conclusion Standardized care provided by a specialized multidisciplinary tracheostomy team was associated with fewer tracheostomy-related complications and an increase in the use of a speaking valve.

de Mestral, Charles; Iqbal, Sameena; Fong, Nancy; LeBlanc, Joanne; Fata, Paola; Razek, Tarek; Khwaja, Kosar

2011-01-01

52

Psychological Safety and Learning Behavior in Work Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a model of team learning and tests it in a multimethod field study. It introduces the construct of team psychological safety—a shared belief held by members of a team that the team is safe for interpersonal risk taking—and models the effects of team psychological safety and team efficacy together on learning and performance in organizational work teams.

Amy Edmondson

1999-01-01

53

Neural sheath tumors of the brachial plexus: a multidisciplinary team-based approach.  

PubMed

Peripheral tumors of the brachial plexus, although rare, provide an opportunity for the plastic surgeon to coordinate a multidisciplinary team and achieve excellent outcomes. Most of the case series are reported from the neurosurgical literature. We report on the experience of the Kaiser Permanente Brachial Plexus Clinic over a recent 2-year period. A retrospective review was conducted to examine the medical records, radiographic images, operative reports, and pathologic findings of 13 consecutive patients with peripheral nerve sheath tumors of brachial plexus origin. Of the 10 patients requiring surgical exploration, 90% had significant improvement or resolution of pain, with sensory and motor recovery showing mixed results. Average follow-up consisted of 2 years with occupational therapy beginning shortly after operative intervention. Our results are similar to or better than those published in the literature. The plastic surgeon with subspecialty training can safely and successfully treat tumors of the brachial plexus by implementing a multidisciplinary approach. PMID:23392262

Soltani, Ali M; Francis, Cameron S; Kane, Justin T; Kazimiroff, Paul B; Edgerton, Bradford W

2013-07-01

54

Low Educational Status, Smoking, and Multidisciplinary Team Experience Predict Hospital Length of Stay After Bariatric Surgery  

PubMed Central

Objective: The objective of the present study was to identify new risk factors associated with longer hospitalization following bariatric surgery. Methods: Patient clinical, social, and biochemical data in addition to multidisciplinary team experience were analyzed in a cohort that included all patients undergoing bariatric surgery at our hospital. The primary outcome was length of hospital stay (LOS). Mortality was recorded to validate the obesity surgery mortality risk score (OS-MRS). Results: This study included 299 sequential patients, 41 ± 10 years of age, and BMI of 50 ± 8 kg/m2 who underwent bariatric surgery. Two thirds (196) of patients were hypertensive, a third (86) were diabetic and a third (91) were current or former smokers. Overall, LOS was 8 ± 5 days. The predictors of a longer LOS were smoking (P < 0.05) and less multidisciplinary team experience (P < 0.05). Looking at only the last three years of data, LOS was 6 ± 5 days, and the predictors of a longer LOS were low educational attainment (P < 0.02) and smoking (P < 0.01) but not team experience. The global mortality was 2.6%, with the OS-MRS identifying a high-risk group. Conclusion: Excluding the initial learning phase, longer LOS independent predictors were patient low educational attainment and smoking. These predictors can help guide care to reduce complications.

Marchini, Julio F.M.; Souza, Fernanda L.N.; Schmidt, Andre; Cunha, Selma F.C.; Salgado, Wilson; Marchini, Julio S.; Nonino, Carla B.; Ceneviva, Reginaldo; Santos, Jose E.D.

2012-01-01

55

How teams use indicators for quality improvement - A multiple-case study on the use of multiple indicators in multidisciplinary breast cancer teams.  

PubMed

A crucial issue in healthcare is how multidisciplinary teams can use indicators for quality improvement. Such teams have increasingly become the core component in both care delivery and in many quality improvement methods. This study aims to investigate the relationships between (1) team factors and the way multidisciplinary teams use indicators for quality improvement, and (2) both team and process factors and the intended results. An in-depth, multiple-case study was conducted in the Netherlands in 2008 involving four breast cancer teams using six structure, process and outcome indicators. The results indicated that the process of using indicators involves several stages and activities. Two teams applied a more intensive, active and interactive approach as they passed through these stages. These teams were perceived to have achieved good results through indicator use compared to the other two teams who applied a simple control approach. All teams experienced some difficulty in integrating the new formal control structure, i.e. measuring and managing performance, in their operational task, and in using their 'new' managerial task to decide as a team what and how to improve. Our findings indicate the presence of a network of relationships between team factors, the controllability and actionability of indicators, the indicator-use process, and the intended results. PMID:24034953

Gort, Marjan; Broekhuis, Manda; Regts, Gerdien

2013-06-15

56

Impact of multidisciplinary team management in head and neck cancer patients  

PubMed Central

Background: We analysed the outcomes of 726 cases of primary head and neck cancer patients managed between 1996 and 2008, including those managed in the multidisciplinary clinic or team setting (MDT) and those managed outside of an MDT by individual disciplines (non-MDT) in the same institution. Methods: Data were collected from the Hospital Based Cancer Registry and a database within the Head and Neck Cancer Clinic. Univariable comparisons and multivariable analyses were performed using a logistic regression model. Survival by staging was analysed. Comparisons of management and outcomes were made between MDT and non-MDT patients. Results: 395 patients (54%) had been managed in the MDT vs 331 patients (46%) non-MDT. MDT patients were more likely to have advanced disease (likelihood ratio ?2=44.7, P<0.001). Stage IV MDT patients had significantly improved 5-year survival compared with non-MDT patients (hazard ratio=0.69, 95% CI=0.51–0.88, P=0.004) and more synchronous chemotherapy and radiotherapy (P=0.004), and the non-MDT group had more radiotherapy as a single modality (P=0.002). Conclusions: The improved survival of MDT-managed stage IV patients probably represents both the selection of multimodality treatment and chemotherapeutic advances that these patients received in a multidisciplinary team setting by head and neck cancer specialists as opposed to cancer generalists in a non-MDT setting.

Friedland, P L; Bozic, B; Dewar, J; Kuan, R; Meyer, C; Phillips, M

2011-01-01

57

Implementing critical pathways and a multidisciplinary team approach to cardiovascular disease management.  

PubMed

According to several medical registries, there is a need to improve the care of post-myocardial infarction (MI) patients, especially those with left ventricular dysfunction (LVD) and heart failure. This can potentially be achieved by implementing disease management programs, which include critical pathways, patient education, and multidisciplinary hospital teams. Currently, algorithms for critical pathways, including discharge processes, are lacking for post-MI LVD patients. Such schemes can increase the use of evidence-based medicines proved to reduce mortality. Educational programs are aimed at increasing patients' awareness of their condition, promoting medication compliance, and encouraging the adoption of healthy behaviors; such programs have been shown to be effective in improving outcomes of post-MI LVD patients. Reductions in all-cause hospitalizations and medical costs as well as improved survival rates have been observed when a multidisciplinary team (a nurse, a pharmacist, and a hospitalist) is engaged in patient care. In addition, the use of the "pay for performance" method, which can be advantageous for patients, physicians, and hospitals, may potentially improve the care of post-MI patients with LVD. PMID:18722192

Peterson, Eric D; Albert, Nancy M; Amin, Alpesh; Patterson, J Herbert; Fonarow, Gregg C

2008-09-01

58

SACROC Unit CO{sub 2} flood: Multidisciplinary team improves reservoir management and decreases operating costs  

SciTech Connect

The SACROC Unit of the Kelly-Snyder field is located in the Midland basin. The Midland basin is the eastern most of the Permian Basins of west Texas. This field is the largest of the many prolific, Late Pennsylvanian age carbonate buildups that comprise the Horseshoe Atoll. The field, discovered in 1948, encompasses 50,000 acres and contained an estimated original oil in place of 2.8 billion bbl. Waterflooding operations began in 1954 and CO{sub 2} flooding began in 1972. Cumulative recovery has been more than 1.2 billion bbl. The field contains approximately 1,600 wells with about 400 active producers and 240 active injectors. Recent changes implemented by the team have significantly improved operational efficiency at the unit. In addition, recent geologic investigations have finally began to unravel the complex stratigraphy of the reservoir. In 1992, the economic viability of the SACROC Unit was somewhat uncertain. At that time, a multidisciplinary team was formed to improve operational efficiencies and reservoir performance. Better understanding of reservoir geology from detailed biostratigraphic analysis provided the framework to make effective changes. This paper discusses operational efficiency and reservoir exploitation projects implemented by the team.

Hawkins, J.T.; Benvegnu, A.J.; Wingate, T.P.; McKamie, J.D.; Pickard, C.D.; Altum, J.T.

1996-08-01

59

Leading and empowering the multicultural work team.  

PubMed

The multicultural team clearly is a part of the landscape in many work environments today. This article focuses on the opportunity for leaders to create a climate in which people of diverse cultures are invited into full participation as their unit contributes its very best to the achievement of the mission and goals of the organization. Within this environment, members are valued for who they are and what they share, without bearing on race, religion, ethnicity, and orientation or physical limitations. PMID:12271762

Gantz, Nancy Rollins

2002-09-01

60

Psychological diversity and team interaction processes : A study of oil-drilling work teams in Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To examine how psychological diversity among work team members affects team interaction processes. Psychological diversity is described in terms of personality attributes (emotional stability, extraversion, conscientiousness, openness to experience, and agreeableness), need for achievement (nAch), and emotional intelligence. Team interaction processes include workload sharing, team communication, member flexibility, social cohesion, team viability. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A survey research was

Afolabi A. Olukayode; Benjamin Osayawe Ehigie

2005-01-01

61

Developing the role of a ward housekeeper within a multidisciplinary team.  

PubMed

The implementation of a housekeeper induction competency programme demonstrates the innovative way that the clinical standards facilitator has led the development of the housekeeping service at one NHS Trust. This service has been developed to ensure that there is sufficient training, support and opportunity to share best practice for the housekeepers. A Trust-wide approach using the multidisciplinary team (including dieticians, catering and facilities managers) has contributed to the raising of standards in meeting the patients' nutritional needs, as well as improving the ward environment. NHS Estates guidance (DH, 2001b) relating to the housekeeping service and the Essence of Care benchmarks for nutrition (DH, 2001a) were used to provide this framework for continuous quality improvement. PMID:17353837

Richmond, Jo

62

A Multidisciplinary Health Care Team's Efforts to Improve Educational Attainment in Children with Sickle-Cell Anemia and Cerebral Infarcts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The primary objective of this study was to improve the educational success of children with sickle-cell disease (SCD) and cerebral infarcts. A prospective intervention trial was conducted; a multidisciplinary team was created to maximize educational resources for children with SCD and cerebral infarcts. Students were evaluated systematically…

King, Allison; Herron, Sonya; McKinstry, Robert; Bacak, Stephen; Armstrong, Melissa; White, Desiree; DeBaun, Michael

2006-01-01

63

Hospital-Based Multidisciplinary Teams Can Prevent Unnecessary Child Abuse Reports and Out-of-Home Placements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To determine how often and for what reasons a hospital-based multidisciplinary child abuse team concluded that a report of alleged or suspected child abuse was unnecessary in young children with fractures. Methods: A retrospective review was completed of all children less than 12 months of age who, because of fractures, were referred…

Wallace, Gregory H.; Makoroff, Kathi L.; Malott, Heidi A.; Shapiro, Robert A.

2007-01-01

64

Multidisciplinary team meeting before therapeutic ERCP: A prospective study with 1,909 cases.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of multidisciplinary team meeting (MDTM) on the success rate and complications of therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for hepato-pancreato-biliary diseases. METHODS: All patients undergoing their first therapeutic ERCP over a 21-month period of time in a tertiary care medical center were included. Generally, patients scheduled for ERCP on Friday, Saturday, Sunday, and Monday were subject to MDTM group, and those on Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday were allocated to the control group. For each MDTM case, an MDTM was held on the Tuesday prior to the scheduled ERCP. At the meeting, the cases were discussed by a team consisting of chief physicians, radiologists, endoscopists, anesthetists, and surgeons, and a decision was made on the schedule of ERCP. For control cases, a clinical team of one chief physician and two attending physicians made the decision. RESULTS: From April 2006 to December 2007, 912 and 997 ERCP procedures were allocated to the MDTM and control groups, respectively. There was no significant difference in the baseline characteristics and indications between the two groups. Although the success rates were not significantly different between MDTM and control groups (82.9% vs. 84.8%, P=0.321), MDTM was significantly associated with a decreased overall complication rate of (6.9% vs. 12.0%, p<0.001) and severe complication rate (0.4% vs. 2.5%, p=0.035). CONCLUSIONS: Pre-ERCP MDTM decreases the frequency and severity of ERCP-related complications, with similar success rate, compared to routine practice. PMID:21776428

Liao, Zhuan; Hu, Liang-Hao; Li, Zhao-Shen; Zuo, Chang-Jing; Wang, Li; Jin, Gang; Zou, Duo-Wu; Jin, Zhen-Dong; Li, Shu-De; Liu, Feng; Chen, Jie; Zhan, Xian-Bao; Yuan, Jin-Hua; Wang, Luo-Wei; Wang, Dong

2011-04-01

65

Multidisciplinary team meeting before therapeutic ERCP: A prospective study with 1,909 cases  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine the effect of multidisciplinary team meeting (MDTM) on the success rate and complications of therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for hepato-pancreato-biliary diseases. Methods All patients undergoing their first therapeutic ERCP over a 21-month period of time in a tertiary care medical center were included. Generally, patients scheduled for ERCP on Friday, Saturday, Sunday, and Monday were subject to MDTM group, and those on Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday were allocated to the control group. For each MDTM case, an MDTM was held on the Tuesday prior to the scheduled ERCP. At the meeting, the cases were discussed by a team consisting of chief physicians, radiologists, endoscopists, anesthetists, and surgeons, and a decision was made on the schedule of ERCP. For control cases, a clinical team of one chief physician and two attending physicians made the decision. Results From April 2006 to December 2007, 912 and 997 ERCP procedures were allocated to the MDTM and control groups, respectively. There was no significant difference in the baseline characteristics and indications between the two groups. Although the success rates were not significantly different between MDTM and control groups (82.9% vs. 84.8%, P=0.321), MDTM was significantly associated with a decreased overall complication rate of (6.9% vs. 12.0%, p<0.001) and severe complication rate (0.4% vs. 2.5%, p=0.035). Conclusions Pre-ERCP MDTM decreases the frequency and severity of ERCP-related complications, with similar success rate, compared to routine practice.

Zuo, Chang-Jing; Wang, Li; Jin, Gang; Zou, Duo-Wu; Jin, Zhen-Dong; Li, Shu-De; Liu, Feng; Chen, Jie; Zhan, Xian-Bao; Yuan, Jin-Hua; Wang, Luo-Wei; Wang, Dong

2011-01-01

66

TeamSpace: An Environment for Team Articulation Work and Virtual Meetings  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present TeamSpace, a collaborative workspace system to support the articulation work of high performance development teams. TeamSpace distinguishes between individual, social, and meeting work modes, and facilitates transitions between modes. The system provides a shared workspace that supports understanding and reporting the team's past progress and activities. Awareness of current team activities is supported by a place-based representation of

Ludwin Fuchs; Steven E. Poltrock; Ingrid Wetzel

2001-01-01

67

Mind Builders: Multidisciplinary Challenges for Cooperative Team-Building and Competition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For more than twenty years, the Richmond, Virginia Public Schools' program for gifted students has conducted an interscholastic competition similar to the nationally known competition, Destination Imagination. In the featured contest of this yearly event, teams of five students present solutions to engineering problems that they have worked on…

Fleisher, Paul; Ziegler, Donald

2006-01-01

68

Multidisciplinary Team Contributions Within a Dedicated Outpatient Palliative Radiotherapy Clinic: A Prospective Descriptive Study  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Patients with bone metastases may experience pain, fatigue, and decreased mobility. Multiple medications for analgesia are often required, each with attendant side effects. Although palliative-intent radiotherapy (RT) is effective in decreasing pain, additional supportive care interventions may be overlooked. Our objective was to describe the feasibility of multidisciplinary assessment of patients with symptomatic bone metastases attending a dedicated outpatient palliative RT clinic. Methods and Materials: Consecutive patients referred for RT for painful bone metastases were screened for symptoms and needs relevant to their medications, nutritional intake, activities of daily living, and psychosocial and spiritual concerns from January 1 to December 31, 2007. Consultations by appropriate team members and resulting recommendations were collected prospectively. Patients who received RT were contacted by telephone 4 weeks later to assess symptom outcomes. Results: A total of 106 clinic visits by 82 individual patients occurred. As determined by screening form responses, the clinical Pharmacist, Occupational Therapist, Registered Dietician and Social Worker were consulted to provide assessments and recommendations within the time constraints presented by 1-day palliative RT delivery. In addition to pain relief, significant improvements in tiredness, depression, anxiety, drowsiness and overall well-being were reported at 4 weeks. Conclusions: Systematic screening of this population revealed previously unmet needs, addressed in the form of custom verbal and written recommendations. Multidisciplinary assessment is associated with a high number of recommendations and decreased symptom distress. Our findings lend strong support to the routine assessment by multiple supportive care professionals for patients with advanced cancer being considered for palliative RT.

Pituskin, Edith, E-mail: pituskin@ualberta.c [Rapid Access Palliative Radiotherapy Program, Cross Cancer Institute, Edmonton, AB (Canada); University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB (Canada); Fairchild, Alysa [Rapid Access Palliative Radiotherapy Program, Cross Cancer Institute, Edmonton, AB (Canada); University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB (Canada); Dutka, Jennifer; Gagnon, Lori; Driga, Amy; Tachynski, Patty; Borschneck, Jo-Ann [Rapid Access Palliative Radiotherapy Program, Cross Cancer Institute, Edmonton, AB (Canada); Ghosh, Sunita [Department of Experimental Oncology, Cross Cancer Institute, Edmonton, AB (Canada)

2010-10-01

69

Transactive Memory System Links Work Team Characteristics and Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teamwork and coordination of expertise among team members with different backgrounds are increasingly recognized as important for team effectiveness. Recently, researchers have examined how team members rely on transactive memory system (TMS; D. M. Wegner, 1987) to share their distributed knowledge and expertise. To establish the ecological validity and generality of TMS research findings, this study sampled 104 work teams

Zhi-Xue Zhang; Paul S. Hempel; Yu-Lan Han; Dean Tjosvold

2007-01-01

70

Patterns for collaborative work in health care teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThe problem of designing and managing teams of workers that can collaborate working together towards common goals is a challenging one. Incomplete or ambiguous specification of responsibilities and accountabilities, lack of continuity in teams working in shifts, inefficient organization of teams due to lack of information about workers’ competences and lack of clarity to determine if the work is delegated

Maria Adela Grando; Mor Peleg; Marc Cuggia; David Glasspool

2011-01-01

71

"It's hard to tell": The challenges of scoring patients on standardised outcome measures by multidisciplinary teams: a case study of neurorehabilitation  

PubMed Central

Background Interest is increasing in the application of standardised outcome measures in clinical practice. Measures designed for use in research may not be sufficiently precise to be used in monitoring individual patients. However, little is known about how clinicians and in particular, multidisciplinary teams, score patients using these measures. This paper explores the challenges faced by multidisciplinary teams in allocating scores on standardised outcome measures in clinical practice. Methods Qualitative case study of an inpatient neurorehabilitation team who routinely collected standardised outcome measures on their patients. Data were collected using non participant observation, fieldnotes and tape recordings of 16 multidisciplinary team meetings during which the measures were recited and scored. Eleven clinicians from a range of different professions were also interviewed. Data were analysed used grounded theory techniques. Results We identified a number of instances where scoring the patient was 'problematic'. In 'problematic' scoring, the scores were uncertain and subject to revision and adjustment. They sometimes required negotiation to agree on a shared understanding of concepts to be measured and the guidelines for scoring. Several factors gave rise to this problematic scoring. Team members' knowledge about patients' problems changed over time so that initial scores had to be revised or dismissed, creating an impression of deterioration when none had occurred. Patients had complex problems which could not easily be distinguished from each other and patients themselves varied in their ability to perform tasks over time and across different settings. Team members from different professions worked with patients in different ways and had different perspectives on patients' problems. This was particularly an issue in the scoring of concepts such as anxiety, depression, orientation, social integration and cognitive problems. Conclusion From a psychometric perspective these problems would raise questions about the validity, reliability and responsiveness of the scores. However, from a clinical perspective, such characteristics are an inherent part of clinical judgement and reasoning. It is important to highlight the challenges faced by multidisciplinary teams in scoring patients on standardised outcome measures but it would be unwarranted to conclude that such challenges imply that these measures should not be used in clinical practice for decision making about individual patients. However, our findings do raise some concerns about the use of such measures for performance management.

Greenhalgh, J; Long, AF; Flynn, R; Tyson, S

2008-01-01

72

Admitting offenders with antisocial personality disorder to a medium secure unit: a qualitative examination of multidisciplinary team decision-making  

PubMed Central

This paper reports on the results of a qualitative study funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) looking at multidisciplinary team decisions to admit sentenced offenders with antisocial personality disorder to a medium secure unit. The aim of the study was to examine admission decision-making from a multidisciplinary perspective, and to explore the interprofessional dynamics and contextual pressures informing those decisions. The primary method of data collection was 12 semi-structured interviews with a convenience sample of various multidisciplinary staff involved in pre-admission assessment and post-assessment decision-making. Data was then coded according to the dialectic of competitive and cooperative goal seeking within groups. The findings suggest that, whilst both forms of goal seeking inform admission decisions, the presence of significant resource pressures will lead to decisional solidarity among the multidisciplinary team. When minor professional disagreements arise, they are resolved by the group leader, the Responsible Clinician, in order to maximise group productivity. It is argued that the discursive-limiting effect of resource pressures on group decision-making may weaken the morale of certain front line staff, if not undermine institutional purpose.

McRae, Leon

2012-01-01

73

Selected Research on Work Team Diversity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains seven exploratory research papers from a conference on diversity and workplace teams. The authors examine diversity in terms of a variety of attributes, including race and sex. The book is divided into three sections. The first contains three papers that deal with the management of diverse teams. The following papers are…

Ruderman, Marian N., Ed.; And Others

74

EMPLOYEE COOPERATION AND RESISTANCE IN WORK TEAMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper compares the teams within a Government-owned call centre and a food- processing organisation that is a subsidiary of a large publicly listed organisation. The intention of this paper is to investigate how the processes in which teams are engaged influences the time employees have away from their primary task. This time is referred to as 'off-task time'. It

Keith Townsend

75

Multidisciplinary Research and Education Programs in Universities: Making Them Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Multidisciplinary programs have a venerable history, but most of the early history was either at big university equipment projects or at first-rate industrial laboratories. There has always been a small amount of interdisciplinarity, such as the physicist's or chemist's cadging crystal specimens from the geologist. But only in the post World War…

Sproull, Robert L.; Hall, Harold H.

76

A Method to Improve Learning Analysing Communication in Team Working  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In recent years learning how to work in teams has become a common subject in higher education. Communication between student team members can be monitored using a bulletin board system, and hence, analyse individual and group role development. The composition and distribution of roles in a team are relevant characteristics that will considerably…

Bermejo, Miren; Sanchez, Ana; Gutierrez, Julian; Perez, Tomas A.

2011-01-01

77

RefWorks in Three Steps: Undergraduate Team Bibliographies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|RefWorks is ideally suited for undergraduate students with team-based research projects as part of their course assessment. The Dorothy Hill Physical Sciences and Engineering Library at the University of Queensland taught students from three engineering courses how to use RefWorks to manage project references and to create team-based…

Yorke-Barber, Phil; Ghiculescu, Cristina; Possin, Gisela

2009-01-01

78

Surgical outcome of patients considered to have “inoperable” tumors by specialized pediatric neuro-oncological multidisciplinary teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  Despite the lack of evidence in literature, it is widely felt that patient outcomes will be improved by adopting a multidisciplinary\\u000a team (MDT) approach to children with brain tumors. This study focuses on a series of pediatric patients treated surgically\\u000a despite a MDT recommendation against surgery.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A retrospective study was conducted on all pediatric brain and spinal cord tumor patients

Teo Charles; Broggi Morgan

2010-01-01

79

Obstacles and opportunities for the multidisciplinary wound care team. A report for the clinical symposium on wound management.  

PubMed

On the last day of the 12th Annual Clinical Symposium on Wound Management, a panel of clinicians from various disciplines, and with diverse experience in wound management, discussed the challenges and rewards of being part of a multidisciplinary team caring for patients with wounds. Panelists included Sharon Baranoski, MSN, RN, CETN; C. Andrew Salzberg, MD; Marlys J. Staley, MS, PT; and David R. Thomas, MD, FACP. Elizabeth A. Ayello, PhD, RN, CS, CETN, was the moderator. An excerpt from this session is published here. PMID:9729939

Baranoski, S; Salzberg, C A; Staley, M J; Thomas, D R; Ayello, E A

80

Does in-house availability of multidisciplinary teams increase survival in upper gastrointestinal-cancer?  

PubMed Central

AIM: To investigate the effect of the establishment of in-house multidisciplinary team (MDT) availability (iMDTa) on survival in upper gastrointestinal cancer (UGI) patients. METHODS: In 2001, a cancer centre with irradiation and chemotherapy facilities was established in the Norwegian county of West Agder with a change of iMDTa (WA/MDT-Change). “iMDTa”-status was defined according to the availability of the necessary specialists within one institution on one campus, serving the population of one county. We compared survival rates during 2000-2008 for UGI patients living in counties with (MDT-Yes), without (MDT-No), with a mix (MDT-Mix) and WA/MDT-Change. Survival was calculated with Kaplan-Meier method. Cox model was used to uncover differences between counties with different MDT status when adjusted for age, sex and stage. RESULTS: We analyzed 395 patients from WA/MDT-Change and compared their survival to 12?135 UGI patients from four other Norwegian regions. Median overall survival for UGI patients in WA/MDT-Change increased from 129 to 300 d from 2000-2008, P = 0.001. The regions with the highest level of iMDTa achieved the largest decrease in risk of death for UGI cancers (compared to the county with MDT-Mix: MDT-Yes 11%, P < 0.05 and WA/MDT-Change 15%, P < 0.05). Analyzing the different tumour entities separately, patients living in the WA/MDT-Change county reached a statistically significant reduction in the risk of death [hazard ratios (HR)] compared to patients in the county with MDT-Mix for oesophageal and gastric, but not for pancreatic cancer. HR for the study period 2000-2004 are given first and then for the period 2005-2008: The HR for oesophageal cancers was reduced from [HR = 1.12; 95%CI: 0.75-1.68 to HR = 0.60, 95%CI: 0.38-0.95] and for gastric cancers from [HR = 0.87, 95%CI: 0.66-1.15 to HR = 0.63, 95%CI: 0.43-0.93], but not for pancreatic cancer [HR = 1.04-, 95%CI: 0.83-1.3 for 2000-2004 and HR = 1.01, 95%CI: 0.78-1.3 for 2005-2008]. UGI patients treated during the second study period in the county of WA/MDT-Change had a higher probability of receiving chemotherapy. In the first study period, only one out of 43 patients (2.4%, 95%CI: 0-6.9) received chemotherapy, compared to 18 of 42 patients diagnosed during 2005-2008 (42.9%, 95%CI: 28.0-57.8). CONCLUSION: Introduction of iMDTa led to a two-fold increase of UGI patients, whereas no increase in survival was found in the MDT-No or MDT-Mix counties.

Kersten, Christian; Cvancarova, Milada; Mjaland, Svein; Mjaland, Odd

2013-01-01

81

Improving teamwork, confidence, and collaboration among members of a pediatric cardiovascular intensive care unit multidisciplinary team using simulation-based team training.  

PubMed

Findings show that simulation-based team training (SBTT) is effective at increasing teamwork skills. Postpediatric cardiac surgery cardiac arrest (PPCS-CA) is a high-risk clinical situation with high morbidity and mortality. Whereas adult guidelines managing cardiac arrest after cardiac surgery are available, little exists for pediatric cardiac surgery. The authors developed a post-PPCS-CA algorithm and used SBTT to improve identification and management of PPCS-CA in the pediatric cardiovascular intensive care unit. Their goal was to determine whether participation aids in improving teamwork, confidence, and communication during these events. The authors developed a simulation-based training course using common postcardiac surgical emergency scenarios with specific learning objectives. Simulated scenarios are followed by structured debriefings. Participants were evaluated based on critical performance criteria, key elements in the PPCS-CA algorithm, and Team Strategies and Tools to Enhance Performance and Patient Safety (Team STEPPS) principles. Surveys performed before, immediately after, and 3 months after participation evaluated perception of skill, knowledge, and confidence. The study had 37 participants (23 nurses, 5 cardiology/critical care trainees, 5 respiratory therapists, and 4 noncategorized subjects). Confidence and skill in the roles of team leader, advanced airway management, and cardioversion/defibrillation were increased significantly (p < 0.05) immediately after training and 3 months later. A significant increase (p < 0.05) also was observed in the use of Team STEPPS concepts immediately after training and 3 months later. This study showed SBTT to be effective in improving communication and increasing confidence among members of a multidisciplinary team during crisis scenarios. Thus, SBTT provides an excellent tool for teaching and implementing new processes. PMID:22972517

Figueroa, Mayte I; Sepanski, Robert; Goldberg, Steven P; Shah, Samir

2012-09-13

82

Multidisciplinary trauma team care in Kandahar, Afghanistan: current injury patterns and care practices.  

PubMed

Multidisciplinary trauma care systems have been shown to improve patient outcomes. Medical care in support of the global war on terror has provided opportunities to refine these systems. We report on the multidisciplinary trauma care system at the Role III Hospital at Kandahar Airfield, Afghanistan. We reviewed the Joint Trauma System Registry, Kandahar database from 1 October 2009 to 31 December 2010 and extracted data regarding patient demographics, clinical variables and outcomes. We also queried the operating room records from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2010. In the study period of 1 October 2009 to 31 December 2010, 2599 patients presented to the trauma bay, with the most common source of injury being from Improvised Explosive Device (IED) blasts (915), followed by gunshot wounds (GSW) (327). Importantly, 19 patients with triple amputations as a result of injuries from IEDs were seen. 127 patients were massively transfused. The in-hospital mortality was 4.45%. From 1 January 2010 to 31 December 2010, 4106.24 operating room hours were logged to complete 1914 patient cases. The mean number of procedures per case in 2009 was 1.27, compared to 3.11 in 2010. Multinational, multidisciplinary care is required for the large number of severely injured patients seen at Kandahar Airfield. Multidisciplinary trauma care in Kandahar is effective and can be readily employed in combat hospitals in Afghanistan and serve as a model for civilian centres. PMID:22305587

Beckett, Andrew; Pelletier, Pierre; Mamczak, Christiaan; Benfield, Rodd; Elster, Eric

2012-02-02

83

Radiation Therapy of Metastatic Spinal Cord Compression. Multidisciplinary team diagnosis and treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of a multidisciplinary approach to spinal cord compression (SCC) in accordance with prospective protocol, providing a uniform approach to diagnosis, decision making concerning optimal treatment modality in any particular case of SCC, treatment performance and evaluation of treatment results. The SCC patients treated by radiation therapy are described.

Felix Kovner; Shulem Spigel; Irit Rider; Itzhak Otremsky; Ilan Ron; Eliezer Shohat; Jose Martin Rabey; Jose Avram; Ofer Merimsky; Nely Wigler; Samario Chaitchik; Moshe Inbar

1999-01-01

84

The Effect of Self-Directed Work Teams on Work Ethic  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to compare work ethic of manufacturing machine operators between a self-directed work team and a traditional work team based on four work ethic subscales and identify differences in work ethic based on six demographic factors. The major findings from the study indicated there were significant differences in the work

Lim, Doo Hun; Petty, Gregory; Fontan, Johnny; Yoon, Seung Won

2008-01-01

85

Social Work at the Heart of the Medical Team  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes one model of hospital social work delivery services that places social work in a facilitative role within the medical team, and describes a pilot project designed to evaluate these services. Social work's role in this teaching hospital setting was tailored to provide patients and medical staff access to social work services upon admission, rather than at the

Alice Kitchen; Jody Brook

2005-01-01

86

Team Communication and Performance during Sustained Working Conditions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The effects of prolonged working conditions on individual performance are well documented. In addition, military field studies, sports team studies, and field expeditions have been conducted in a sustained context. However, there have been few controlled,...

D. L. Harville N. Lopez L. R. Elliott C. Barnes

2005-01-01

87

Appendix 1: Tissue Safety Team Working Group & Points of ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text VersionPage 1. Appendix 1: Tissue Safety Team Working Group & Points of Contact (POCs) Name Ruth Solomon (Chair) Laura M. St. ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/biologicsbloodvaccines/guidancecomplianceregulatoryinformation

88

[Close team work: sharing knowledge, solidarity and hope].  

PubMed

A proximity team was created more than eight years ago by a group of health professionals working with disaffiliated and homeless youth in the most precarious of situations. Proximity meetings have continued since that time, despite many changes within the team, including departures and new arrivals. The proximity team is a partnership project which revolves around common values and principles aimed at improving services for youth who find themselves marginalized or at risk of exclusion. Health professionals from various backgrounds explain why they believe in this approach to proximity work. PMID:22997646

Aubin, Diane; Abdel-Baki, Amal; Baret, Caroline; Cadieux, Christiane; Hill, Terri; Lafortune, David; Létourneau, Pierre; Monast, Danielle; Tiberghien, Candice

2011-01-01

89

Antiretroviral treatment adherence in childhood and adolescence: Multidisciplinary team as an associated factor in Brazil.  

PubMed

Our aim was to analyze factors associated with non-adherence to antiretroviral (ARV) treatment among children and adolescents. A cross-sectional study was carried out involving non-institutionalized children and adolescents between 2 and 20 years of age, addressing non-adherence to ARV treatment, which was defined as taking ?89% of the medications on the day of the interview and the three previous days. The investigation into the association between non-compliance and the variables of interest was performed using unconditional logistic regression. The independent factors associated with non-adherence were forgetfulness (OR = 3.22; 95%CI = 1.75-5.92), difficulties coping with treatment (OR = 2.65; 95%CI = 1.03-6.79), and living with grandparents (OR = 2.28; 95%CI = 1.08-4.83), whereas a protective effect was found with participation in multidisciplinary activities (OR = 0.49; 95%CI = 0.25-0.96), i.e., this factor indicates that the exposure to the variable is beneficial, promoting adherence. We concluded that forgetting to take the medications and reporting having difficulty coping with ARV treatment are potentially modifiable factors through educational and programmatic actions. Residing with one's grandparents may strongly impact adherence to ARV treatment, indicating the need for the systematic support of these family members. Participation in multidisciplinary activities should be stimulated at health-care services. PMID:23452050

Crozatti, Marcia Terezinha Lonardoni; França-Junior, Ivan; Rodrigues, Rosangela; Carneiro Ferrão, Maria do Socorro; Brigido, Luis Fernando M; Della Negra, Marinella; Campéas, Alexandre Ely; Castilho Raymundo, Miriam Elia; Marques, Silvia Regina; Waldman, Eliseu Alves

2013-03-01

90

Implementation of a multidisciplinary treatment team for hepatocellular cancer at a Veterans Affairs Medical Center improves survival  

PubMed Central

Several methods of treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are often used in combination for either palliation or cure. We established a multidisciplinary treatment team (MDTT) at the San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center in November 2003 and assessed whether aggressive multimodality treatment strategies may affect survival. A prospective database was established and follow-up information from patients with presumed HCC was collected up to November 2006. Information from the American College of Surgeons (ACS) cancer registry from January 2000 to November 2003 identified patients with HCC that were evaluated at the same institution prior to the establishment of the MDTT. The establishment of a MDTT resulted in the doubling of patient referrals for treatment. Significantly more patients were evaluated at earlier stages of disease and received either palliative or curative therapies. The overall survival (p<0.0001) and length of follow-up (p<0.05) were significantly improved after the establishment of the MDTT. Stage-by-stage comparisons indicate that aggressive multimodality therapy conferred significant survival advantage to patients with American Joint Commission on Cancer (AJCC) stage II HCC (odds ratio 15.50, p<0.001). Multidisciplinary collaboration and multimodality treatment approaches are important in the management of hepatocelluar carcinoma and improves patient survival.

Chang, Tammy T.; Sawhney, Rajiv; Monto, Alexander; Ben Davoren, J.; Kirkland, Jacob G.; Stewart, Lygia

2008-01-01

91

Team Teaching in Social Work: Sharing Power with Bachelor of Social Work Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Team teaching in social work education usually involves sequential lectures delivered by different instructors--relay or tag-team teaching. Truly collaborative or collegial team teaching involves a committed group of diverse instructors interacting together as equals in the classroom. Having more than one teacher in the classroom confounds…

Zapf, Michael Kim; Jerome, Les; Williams, Margaret

2011-01-01

92

Team Teaching in Social Work: Sharing Power With Bachelor of Social Work Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Team teaching in social work education usually involves sequential lectures delivered by different instructors—relay or tag-team teaching. Truly collaborative or collegial team teaching involves a committed group of diverse instructors interacting together as equals in the classroom. Having more than one teacher in the classroom confounds traditional student strategies of meeting expectations of a single authority or expert; they are

Michael Kim Zapf; Les Jerome; Margaret Williams

2011-01-01

93

Harris Semiconductor Division's journey to self-directed work teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trust is the root of an empowered workforce. Managers and employees must be trustworthy. Without trust, the self-directed work team will fail. The new team structure requires management to learn a coaching style of leadership. Employees learn interpersonal skills while expanding their technical skill sets. Learning is centered around a win-win philosophy-an essential ingredient for a culture that values cooperation

S. Gilmore; E. Rose; R. Odom

1994-01-01

94

Humanitarian cardiac care in Arequipa, Peru: experiences of a multidisciplinary Canadian cardiovascular team  

PubMed Central

Background The prevalence of cardiovascular disease and its associated mortality continue to increase in developing countries despite unparalleled improvements in cardiovascular medicine over the last century. Cardiovascular care in developing nations is often constrained by limited resources, poor access, lack of specialty training and inadequate financial support. Medical volunteerism by experienced health care teams can provide mentorship, medical expertise and health policy advice to local teams and improve cardiovascular patient outcomes. Methods We report our experience from annual successive humanitarian medical missions to Arequipa, Peru, and describe the challenges faced when performing cardiovascular interventions with limited resources. Results Over a 2-year period, we performed a total of 15 cardiac repairs in patients with rheumatic, congenital and ischemic heart disease. We assessed and managed 150 patients in an outpatient clinic, including 7 patients at 1-year postoperative follow-up. Conclusion Despite multiple challenges, we were able to help the local team deliver advanced cardiovascular care to many patients with few alternatives and achieve good early and 1-year outcomes. Interdisciplinary education at all levels of cardiac care, including preoperative assessment, intraoperative surgical and anesthetic details, and postoperative critical care management, were major goals for our medical missions.

Adams, Corey; Kiefer, Philipp; Ryan, Kenneth; Smith, David; McCabe, Greg; Allen, Peter; Sridhar, Kumar; Torres, Pedro; Chu, Michael W.A.

2012-01-01

95

Managing societal uncertainty in volcanic hazards: a multidisciplinary approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarizes research involving a multidisciplinary team of volcanologists and social scientists. It describes collaboration in relation to social and physical risk and vulnerability following the Mount Ruapehu eruptions of 1995-1996. This work stresses a key role for such multidisciplinary teams in reducing the social impact of volcanic hazards through assisting communities, organizations, and individuals following an eruption and,

Kevin R. Ronan; Douglas Paton; David M. Johnston; Bruce F. Houghton

2000-01-01

96

Replantation of an Amputated Hand: A Rare Case Report and Acknowledgement of a Multidisciplinary Team Input  

PubMed Central

An amputation of the hand is a devastating injury. It adversely affects the victim’s ability to earn a livelihood, support a family, and carry out daily activities. It has a great psychological impact. We report a middle aged male with an amputation at the level of the distal forearm who underwent replantation. The operative details of this case are described. Awareness of the possibility of salvage should be spread among healthcare personnel and the need for immediate attention by a multispeciality team is advocated. This report reviews the literature related to the operative technique, contraindications and long term results.

Nanda, Vipul; Jacob, Joe; Alsafy, Taif; Punnoose, Thomas; Iyasere, G

2011-01-01

97

Practical SQE on a Large Multi-Disciplinary HPC Development Team  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we will discuss several software engineering practices that have proven useful in a large multidisciplinary physics code development project at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. In the project discussed here, as with many large scale efforts in HPC scientific computing, we have had to balance the competing demands of being a stable ''production'' code that our user base can rely on with being a platform for research into new physics, models, and software architectures. Much of this has been learned through necessity and experience. Likewise, much of it has been learned through interactions with other similar projects and hearing of their successes, and tailoring their ideas to our own requirements. The ideas presented here are not meant to necessarily transfer to other environments with different needs. It is our belief that projects need to be given large latitude in defining their own software engineering process versus a prescribed a solution. However, the ideas presented here are hopefully high level and general enough that we hope other projects might find some inspiration and adopt similar methods if it is to their benefit, much as we have done through the years.

Neely, J R

2004-03-24

98

Factors Predicting Work Ability Following Multidisciplinary Rehabilitation for Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Introduction: This study aimed to investigate the outcome and outcome predictors of multidisciplinary rehabilitation in terms of working ability. Methods: One hundred and forty three (n=143) patients with musculoskeletal pain (mean age=45.7, SD=8.9) were included. Work status, pain, functional health status and psychosocial factors were collected previous to treatment, after a 5 week intensive training and a 52 week follow-up

Monica Lillefjell; Steinar Krokstad; Geir Arild Espnes

2006-01-01

99

Consensus in Guidelines for Evaluation of DSD by the Texas Children's Hospital Multidisciplinary Gender Medicine Team  

PubMed Central

The Gender Medicine Team (GMT), comprised of members with expertise in endocrinology, ethics, genetics, gynecology, pediatric surgery, psychology, and urology, at Texas Children's Hospital and Baylor College of Medicine formed a task force to formulate a consensus statement on practice guidelines for managing disorders of sexual differentiation (DSD) and for making sex assignments. The GMT task force reviewed published evidence and incorporated findings from clinical experience. Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) was used to assess the quality of evidence presented in the literature for establishing evidence-based guidelines. The task force presents a consensus statement regarding specific diagnostic and therapeutic issues in the management of individuals who present with DSD. The consensus statement includes recommendations for (1) laboratory workup, (2) acute management, (3) sex assignment in an ethical framework that includes education and involvement of the parents, and (4) surgical management.

Douglas, Ganka; Axelrad, Marni E.; Brandt, Mary L.; Crabtree, Elizabeth; Dietrich, Jennifer E.; French, Shannon; Gunn, Sheila; Karaviti, Lefkothea; Lopez, Monica E.; Macias, Charles G.; McCullough, Laurence B.; Suresh, Deepa; Sutton, V. Reid

2010-01-01

100

Kalevala or Keats: poetic traditions as a model for multidisciplinary miscommunication and team splitting.  

PubMed

Attention is drawn to the oral tradition in poetry and some ways in which it differs from written, literary poetry. Some of these differences mirror differences between the oral communication typical of a psychiatric ward nursing handover and the writing-based communication styles of psychiatrists. In particular, the oral tradition tends to involve an interactive and participatory style, stewardship (rather than authorship) of the message, a less linear approach to time and valuing the use of familiar formulae. Neither style is intrinsically superior or inferior. The two styles have significant differences in context, intent and rules (i.e. in linguistic 'pragmatics'). In mental health practice, the apparently shared vocabulary and setting conceals these differences. The fact that these variations are hidden increases the risks of miscommunication and of team splitting. The use of an analogy from poetry is intended to make the differences more explicit, and thus generate awareness, discussion and problem solving. PMID:18768006

Dodwell, D

2008-09-01

101

Motivating Effects of Task and Outcome Interdependence in Work Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motivation and performance theories in organizational psychology tend to have a predominantly individualistic scope, relating characteristics of individual tasks to personal work outcomes of individuals (e.g., the Job Characteristics Model [JCM]). The present study goes beyond the realm of individual job characteristics by examining the effects of two interpersonal characteristics: task and outcome interdependence of team members. Subscales for the

Gerben Van Der Vegt; Ben Emans; Evert Van De Vliert

1998-01-01

102

Enhancing Social Work Education through Team-Based Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Group learning strategies are used extensively in social work education, despite the challenges and negative outcomes regularly experienced by students and faculty. Building on principles of cooperative learning, team-based learning offers a more structured approach that maximizes the benefits of cooperative learning while also offering…

Gillespie, Judy

2012-01-01

103

Enhancing Social Work Education through Team-Based Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Group learning strategies are used extensively in social work education, despite the challenges and negative outcomes regularly experienced by students and faculty. Building on principles of cooperative learning, team-based learning offers a more structured approach that maximizes the benefits of cooperative learning while also offering…

Gillespie, Judy

2012-01-01

104

A successful methodology for designing and implementing virtual work teams  

SciTech Connect

A system has been implemented at Los Alamos National Laboratory to rapidly staff and manage project teams. These project teams are created and subsequently perform their project functions using information technology as the communication medium. A simplified model of group interactions was used to guide the design and implementation of the system. The model uses three primary axes of group interactions to express the functional requirements that must be supported by a virtual work team application. The evolution of the approach and its relationship to traditional project management are described. A number of design characteristics were found to be critical to the success of the implementation and are presented. The technology and supporting processes and the business results stemming from implementation of the system are described in a limited manner.

Stuewe, R.B.; Barnes, M.G.; Hughes, D.K.

1997-11-01

105

The Effect of Self-Directed Work Teams on Work Ethic  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the work ethic of manufacturing machine operators between self-directed work teams and traditional work groups using four work ethic subscales: dependable, considerate, ambitious, and cooperative (Dawson, [1999]; Petty, [1991]). Differences in measured work ethic scores were also compared across six demographic variables: age,…

Petty, Gregory C.; Lim, Doo Hun; Yoon, Seung Won; Fontan, Johnny

2008-01-01

106

Applying Learning from Self-Directed Work Teams in Business to Curriculum Development for Interdisciplinary Geriatric Teams.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Compares training of self-directed work teams in business with the potential of interdisciplinary teams in geriatrics. Possible pitfalls in conforming to the health care culture, obtaining management commitment, and dealing with the diversity and independence of health care professionals reflect the need for deep commitment to team development.…

Drinka, Theresa J. K.

1996-01-01

107

Ergonomics at Volkswagen Brasil. Multidisciplinary work to equalize health, productivity and quality.  

PubMed

Following the technological developments and presented to the multidisciplinary processes as automakers, Volkswagen Brazil, represented by its ergonomists, through this paper, shows the importance of ergonomic efficiency of management applied to various levels of life of a product, since its creation to its final implementation on production lines.The preventive work of ergonomists during the processes leading to production of a vehicle is accomplished through assessments on a simulated system called the Digital Factory. Since the initial stages to final product delivery there is a need for a multidisciplinary aligning the concepts of ergonomics, productivity and quality of product. Industrial Engineering, Process Engineering, ergonomists and workers are involved in the analysis made through the Workshop's showing the importance of discussion between the various users of the systems. The processes of series are also equipped with a set of certifications flow of job and planned audits on items that describe processes and applied ergonomics. PMID:22317399

Filus, Rodrigo; Wruca, Rodrigo; Charleaux, Vanessa; Ortega, Auro; Ferreira, Claudio; Jesus, Leandro; Stramari, Anderson; Neufel, Michel; Maia, Uyara

2012-01-01

108

[1st National Meeting of Multidisciplinary Work in Oncogeriatrics: expert consensus document].  

PubMed

On 2nd of June 2011 the Institut Català d' Oncologia l'Hospitalet--Hospital Duran i Reynals hosted the first Meeting of Multidisciplinary Work in Oncogeriatrics. The reason for the meeting, which follows on from an initiative of the Medical Societies of Radiotherapy, Oncology, Geriatrics and Gerontology and Palliative Care and Medical Oncology, was to initiate a joint line of work among the different specialties that generally take part in the handling of the elderly patient suffering from oncologic pathologies. This document summarises the different subjects covered during the Meeting. PMID:23044361

Antonio, Maite; Saldaña, Juana; Formiga, Francesc; Lozano, Alicia; González-Barboteo, Jesús; Fernández, Paz; Arias, Fernando; Arribas, Lorena; Barbero, Elisabeth; Bescós, María del Mar; Boya, Maria Jesús; Bueso, Pilar; Casas, Ana; Dotor, Emma; Fort, Eduard; García-Alfonso, Pilar; Herruzo, Ismael; Llonch, Mireia; Morlans, Germà; Murillo, Maria Teresa; Ossola, Gustavo; Peiró, Inma; Saiz, Fabiola; Sanz, Javier; Serra, José Antonio; Trelis, Jordi; Yuste, Antonio

2012-10-06

109

The effect of work shift on nurses' evaluations of patient behavior: Implications for team decision making  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors conceptualized multidisciplinary team decision making in terms of information collection, communication, and combination. The study explored the potentially biasing effects of situational variables on information collection. When compared with evening shift nurses, day shift nurses rated patients as much less competent. The authors discuss how this biased information collection can be transmitted throughout the decision process and suggest

Donald U. Robertson; Roger Mesmer; Arthur Y. Hoshino; Charles Steinmeyer

1982-01-01

110

Creating a Classroom Team: How Teachers and Paraprofessionals Can Make Working Together Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Respect and communication. That's what teachers and paraprofessionals say makes an effective classroom team. In speaking with paraprofessionals and teachers, the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) has gathered several tips about how to make working together work. These tips include: (1) Creating a healthy, open relationship between teacher and…

American Federation of Teachers (NJ), 2004

2004-01-01

111

Creating a Classroom Team: How Teachers and Paraprofessionals Can Make Working Together Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Respect and communication. That's what teachers and paraprofessionals say makes an effective classroom team. In speaking with paraprofessionals and teachers, the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) has gathered several tips about how to make working together work. These tips include: (1) Creating a healthy, open relationship between teacher and…

American Federation of Teachers (NJ), 2004

2004-01-01

112

Self-Managed Work Teams in Nursing Homes: Implementing and Empowering Nurse Aide Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This article describes the progress of our study to examine the advantages and costs of using self-managed nurse aide teams in nursing homes, steps that are being taken to implement such teams, and management strategies being used to manage the teams. Design and Methods: A quasi-experimental design is underway where certified nurse aide…

Yeatts, Dale E.; Cready, Cynthia; Ray, Beth; DeWitt, Amy; Queen, Courtney

2004-01-01

113

An empirical analysis of the relationship between adult attention deficit and efficacy for working in teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this research is to investigate the relationship between adult attention deficit and efficacy for working in teams. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A total of 181 management students working in short term project teams (13 weeks) completed established assessments of efficacy for working in teams and a multi-dimensional measure of adult attention deficit. The hypotheses were tested using

Graeme H. Coetzer; Lynn Richmond

2007-01-01

114

Team Physicians in College Athletics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background:There has been little documentation of what constitutes the clinical work of intercollegiate team physicians. Team physicians could be recruited based on the needs of athletes.Hypothesis:A multidisciplinary team of physicians is necessary to treat college athletes. Most physician evaluations are for musculoskeletal injuries treated nonoperatively.Study Design:Descriptive epidemiology study.Methods:For a 2-year period, a database was created that recorded information on team

Mark E. Steiner; D. Bradford Quigley; Frank Wang; Christopher R. Balint; Arthur L. Boland

2005-01-01

115

Critical Education for Work: Multidisciplinary Approaches. Social and Policy Issues in Education: The David C. Anchin Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book expands the meaning of today's education for work by offering five multidisciplinary approaches--school-to-work transitions, gender equity, labor education, economic democracy, and vocational education--revealing the complexities of personal, social, and cultural transformation. "Critical Education for Work" (Richard D. Lakes) is an…

Lakes, Richard D., Ed.

116

(Mis) Perceptions and Interactions of Sleep Specialists and Generalists: Obstacles to Referrals to Sleep Specialists and the Multidisciplinary Team Management of Sleep Disorders  

PubMed Central

Study Objectives: This study assessed generalists' perceptions and challenges in providing care to sleep disorders patients and the role of sleep specialists in improving gaps in care. Methods: A mixed-method approach included qualitative (semi-structured interviews, discussion groups) and quantitative (online surveys) data collection techniques regarding care of patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and shift work disorder (SWD). Results: Participants: OSA: generalists n = 165, specialists (internists, neurologists, psychiatrists, pulmonologists) n = 12; SWD: generalists n = 216, specialists n = 108. Generalists reported challenges in assessing sleep disorders and diagnosing patients with sleep complaints. Generalists lacked confidence (selected ? 3 on a 5-pt Likert scale) in managing polypharmacy and drug interactions (OSA: 54.2%; SWD: 62.6%), addiction (OSA: 61.8%), and continuous positive airway pressure (OSA: 66.5%). Generalists in both studies reported deficits in knowledge of monitoring sleep disorders (OSA: 57.7%; SWD: 78.7%), rather relying on patients' subjective reports; 23% of SWD generalists did not identify SWD as a medical condition. Challenges to generalist-specialist collaboration were reported, with 66% of generalists and 68% of specialists in the SWD study reporting lack of coordination as a barrier. Generalists reported lack of consistency in sleep medicine and a perceived lack of value in consulting with sleep specialists. Conclusions: Knowledge and attitudinal challenges were found in primary care of patients with sleep disorders. Sleep specialists need to clarify and educate practitioners regarding primary care's approach. Citation: Hayes SM; Murray S; Castriotta RJ; Landrigan CP; Malhotra A. (Mis) perceptions and interactions of sleep specialists and generalists: obstacles to referrals to sleep specialists and the multidisciplinary team management of sleep disorders. J Clin Sleep Med 2012;8(6):633-642.

Hayes, Sean M.; Murray, Suzanne; Castriotta, Richard J.; Landrigan, Christopher P.; Malhotra, Atul

2012-01-01

117

RoboCup: Multi-disciplinary Senior Design Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A cross-college team of educators has developed a collaborative, multi-disciplinary senior design course at Ohio University. This course offers an attractive opportunity for students from a variety of disciplines to work together in a learning community to accomplish a challenging task. It provides a novel multi-disciplinary learning environment…

Elder, Kevin Lee

118

Creative Exchange: An Evolving Model of Multidisciplinary Collaboration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Often the traditional creative arts curriculum does not sufficiently respond to, nor reflect, contemporary work practice. Multidisciplinary teams are now increasingly the norm in creative arts practice especially when driven by technological innovation. Drawing on contemporary research that centres on the benefits of multidisciplinary

Fleischmann, Katja; Hutchison, Clive

2012-01-01

119

A Multidisciplinary Model for Teaching Undergraduate Engineering Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This project was designed to develop a curricular and pedagogical model for teaching multidisciplinary engineering design to senior-level undergraduate students at the Colorado School of Mines. The two-semester course sequence involved students from seven engineering disciplines working in multidisciplinary teams under the direction of…

Miller, Ronald L.; Olds, Barbara M.

120

Preschool Work Teams' View of Ways of Working with Gender--Parents' Involvement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Lately the interest to develop a gender-perspective in preschool has grown in Sweden. The aim of this study is to focus on Swedish preschool work teams understanding of gender and gender-sensitive pedagogy and their descriptions of what they actually do to be gender-sensitive preschools. Studies of gender and children often focus construction of…

Karlson, Ingrid; Simonsson, Maria

2008-01-01

121

Tension between U.S. labor law and work restructuring: A focus on team-based work systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Team-based work systems are part of a new management commitment paradigm. Recently, concerns have been raised regarding the\\u000a legality of team-based work systems under the National Labor Relations Act. Workplace teams and team systems are not per se\\u000a illegal. This review indicates that there is a high degree of certainty regarding the conduct and characteristics necessary\\u000a to trigger legitimate challenges

Patrick P. McHugh

1995-01-01

122

Evaluating the role of fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography in multi-disciplinary team recommendations for oesophago-gastric cancer.  

PubMed

Background:National guidelines recommend that fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) is performed in all patients being considered for radical treatment of oesophageal or oesophago-gastric cancer without computerised tomography scan (CTS) evidence of metastasis. Guidance also mandates that all patients with cancer have treatment decisions made within the context of a multi-disciplinary team (MDT) meeting. Little is known, however, about the influence of PET-CT on decision making within MDTs. The aim of this study was to assess the role of PET-CT in oesophago-gastric cancer on MDT decision making.Methods:A retrospective analysis of a prospectively held database of all patients with biopsy-proven oesophageal or oesophago-gastric cancer discussed by a specialist MDT was interrogated. Patients selected for radical treatment without CTS evidence of M1 disease were identified. The influence of PET-CT on MDT decision making was examined by establishing whether the PET-CT confirmed CTS findings of M0 disease (and did not change the patient staging pathway) or whether the PET-CT changed the pathway by showing unsuspected M1 disease, refuting CTS suspicious metastases, or identifying another lesion (needing further investigation).Results:In 102 MDT meetings, 418 patients were discussed, of whom 240 were initially considered for radical treatment and 238 undergoing PET-CT. The PET-CT confirmed CTS findings for 147 (61.8%) and changed MDT recommendations in 91 patients (38.2%) by (i) identifying M1 disease (n=43), (ii) refuting CTS suspicions of M1 disease (n=25), and (iii) identifying new lesions required for investigations (n=23).Conclusion:The addition of PET-CT to standard staging for oesophageal cancer led to changes in MDT recommendations in 93 (38.2%) patients, improving patient selection for radical treatment. The validity of the proposed methods for evaluating PET-CT on MDT decision making requires more work in other centres and teams. PMID:23963146

Blencowe, N S; Whistance, R N; Strong, S; Hotton, E J; Ganesh, S; Roach, H; Callaway, M; Blazeby, J M

2013-08-20

123

TEAM.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents materials covering the television campaign against drunk driving called "TEAM" (Techniques for Effective Alcohol Management). It is noted that TEAM's purpose is to promote effective alcohol management in public facilities and other establishments that serve alcoholic beverages. TEAM sponsors are listed, including the…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

124

Protocol-aware, enhanced cognition robot agent design for team work effort in lunar exploration missions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work presents the design and prototyping of a protocol-aware and cognitively enhanced Robot agent. A set of protocols have been defined which support autonomous robot team mission activity. These include a Team Work Effort protocol and ancillary protocols which support situation awareness and assist the robot team in flexibly executing the mission. The Robot agents are engaged in a

Margaret Lyell; William Drozd

2010-01-01

125

Teaming  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teaming is a method of grouping students so they share the same set of teachers for their core subject areas--science, math, language arts, social studies, and sometimes physical education and health. Most often, teams are created when an entire grade is broken into groups who share the same set of teachers. Small schools that do not have enough students to form teams can create a grade-level team or multigrade-level teams. The core subject teachers usually share a common planning period and, in many situations, also share a team planning period. Teaming is most often used in middle grades education because its positive outcomes are particularly appropriate to the developmental needs of young adolescents.

Swango, C. J.; Steward, Sally B.

2003-01-01

126

Switching on the work force--computerizing a drug team.  

PubMed

Shortage of medical time and an increasing number of clients led to difficulties in handling the heavy prescribing load of a community drug team. A computer program was developed to help with this. The program was soon expanded and now plays a key role in the general administration of the team, and in data collection. Its enthusiastic use by team workers not accustomed to computers suggests that similar initiatives could play an important role in future research. PMID:2009394

Carnwath, T

1991-01-01

127

The Anonymity Factor in Making Multicultural Teams Work: Virtual and Real Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A major purpose of courses in intercultural communication is often to improve students' ability to perform well in situations with the potential to be both highly enlightening and highly difficult--in multicultural teams. This article reports the results of exercises in which members of a dysfunctional multicultural class were assigned to teams

Berg, Roberta Wiig

2012-01-01

128

The Anonymity Factor in Making Multicultural Teams Work: Virtual and Real Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A major purpose of courses in intercultural communication is often to improve students' ability to perform well in situations with the potential to be both highly enlightening and highly difficult--in multicultural teams. This article reports the results of exercises in which members of a dysfunctional multicultural class were assigned to teams

Berg, Roberta Wiig

2012-01-01

129

Multidisciplinary team approach to improved chronic care management for diabetic patients in an urban safety net ambulatory care clinic.  

PubMed

Since the care of patients with multiple chronic diseases such as diabetes and depression accounts for the majority of health care costs, effective team approaches to managing such complex care in primary care are needed, particularly since psychosocial and physical disorders coexist. Uncontrolled diabetes is a leading health risk for morbidity, disability and premature mortality with between 18-31% of patients also having undiagnosed or undertreated depression. Here we describe a team driven approach that initially focused on patients with poorly controlled diabetes (A1c > 9) that took place at a family medicare office. The team included: resident and faculty physicians, a pharmacist, social worker, nurses, behavioral medicine interns, office scheduler, and an information technologist. The team developed immediate integrative care for diabetic patients during routine office visits. PMID:22403207

Tapp, Hazel; Phillips, Shay E; Waxman, Dael; Alexander, Matthew; Brown, Rhett; Hall, Mary

130

The dentist's role within the multi-disciplinary team maintaining quality of life for oral cancer patients in light of recent advances in radiotherapy.  

PubMed

Every year in Ireland over 400 people are diagnosed with head and neck cancer. Oral cancer, a specific type of head and neck cancer, is usually treated with surgery and often requires radiotherapy (RT). However, side effects of RT treatment, which include mucositis, xerostomia, radiation caries, trismus and osteoradionecrosis, can seriously compromise a patient's quality of life. Treatment for oral cancer patients is managed in a multidisciplinary team. General dental practitioners (GDPs), consultant/specialist dentists and oral-maxillofacial surgeons play an important role in these patients' care. Recent advances in the delivery of RT have not only improved locoregional control and survival rates, but have also reduced the incidence and severity of RT-associated side effects; however, no mode of RT delivery has successfully eliminated side effects. The role of dentists is essential in maintaining oral health and all patients should be dentally screened prior to commencing RT. Recent reports have attempted to standardise the quality of care for the oral cancer patient and have highlighted the significance of the role of the GDP. Despite the advancements in RT delivery, the dental team is still faced with a number of challenges, including the high number of patients lost to follow-up dental care, lack of an effective treatment for xerostomia, poor patient compliance, and a lack of standardised guidelines and funding. Addressing these challenges will involve increased communication between all members of the multidisciplinary team and increased involvement of the GDP, thereby ensuring that dental care continues to evolve concurrently with new methods of RT delivery. PMID:23858630

Brody, Sarah; Omer, Osama; McLoughlin, Jacinta; Stassen, Leo

131

Work in progress - enhancing ethical awareness within undergraduate multidisciplinary teams by preparing Codes of Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

IIT, Lehigh, Michigan Tech, and Rice universities are piloting a strategy based on the book by Jones & Ferrill, The Seven Layers of Integrity (2006), to teach ethical awareness to engineers and scientists. Students at the four universities are expected to prepare a code of ethics for their own project or course problem context. These codes are evaluated and each

Margaret Huyck; Daniel Ferguson; June Ferrill; Lisa Getzler-Linn; Mary Raber

2008-01-01

132

Learning to Work in Partially Distributed Teams: An Analysis of Emergent Communication Structures and Technology Appropriation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A partially distributed team is a virtual team, in which two or more co-located subteams use communication technology to collaborate across distance. Due to factors such as globalization and mergers, an increasing number of IT projects are conducted in partially distributed teams (PDTs). However, students lack experience in how to work effectively in such situations. This field study involved more

Rosalie J. Ocker; Heidi C. Webb; Starr Roxanne Hiltz; Ian D. Brown

2010-01-01

133

Evaluating Team Work on Student Projects: The Use of Behaviorally Anchored Scales To Evaluate Student Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the biggest problems students face in team projects is social loafing, a situation in which students may view team projects as a free ride. Social loafers let others do the work, knowing that the professor will only grade the completed project. This research examined the performance of students grading other student team members on a group…

Levi, Daniel; Cadiz, David

134

Increasing Work Group Effectiveness: Combining Corporate Adventure Training with Traditional Team Building Methods.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the goals of team building, scope of team-building interventions, and specific contributions of both experiential (corporate adventure training) and nonexperiential (traditional) methods for increasing work-group effectiveness. A model for effectively combining the two approaches involves establishing goals, clarifying team members'…

Maxwell, Jon

1997-01-01

135

Investigative Reporting: An Old Subject--Team Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes an in-depth unit in investigative reporting taught to high school students in a first-year journalism course. Discusses reports written by teams of students and outlines positive results of the unit. (GW)|

Sullivan, Dolores P.

1977-01-01

136

Team Resource Management and patient safety : A team focused approach to clinical governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To review three key areas of work managed by the Team Resource Management and Patient Safety Team (TRM), itself part of the Clinical Governance Support Team. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Information has been collected from TRM staff, UK NHS Trust staff, research publications and reports. Findings – As treatment programmes become more complex and health care is delivered by multidisciplinary

Ros Boddington; Howard Arthur; Dave Cummings; Sue Mellor; Denis Salter

2006-01-01

137

Therapists' Perceptions of Team Functioning in Rehabilitation Contexts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study sought to examine rehabilitation team members' (physical therapists, occupational therapists, and speech-language pathologists) perceptions of team functioning in both outpatient and inpatient rehabilitation systems. Team members (N=106) indicated the type of team model in which they currently worked (i.e., multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary, and transdisciplinary) and provided Likert-style ratings of perceived team cohesion, cooperation, equality among team members, personal

Larry L. Mullins; Benjamin H. K. Balderson; Neva Sanders; John M. Chaney; Philip R. Whatley

1997-01-01

138

Supporting Distributed Team Working in 3D Virtual Worlds: A Case Study in Second Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to report on a study into how a three-dimensional (3D) virtual world (Second Life) can facilitate socialisation and team working among students working on a team project at a distance. This models the situation in many commercial sectors where work is increasingly being conducted across time zones and between…

Minocha, Shailey; Morse, David R.

2010-01-01

139

The demographic antecedents and performance consequences of the social-network structure in work teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Businesses are increasingly using teams as their fundamental organisational unit. This paper aims to explore the impact of demographic antecedents and the social-network structure, measured in terms of task-related advice-network density, centralisation and fragmentation, on work-team performance. The paper seeks to examine: the impact of the social-network structure (dense, fragmented or centralised) on work-team performance and the origins

Kaisa Henttonen; Minna Janhonen; Jan-Erik Johanson; Kaisu Puumalainen

2010-01-01

140

Management of type 2 diabetes mellitus in the elderly: role of the pharmacist in a multidisciplinary health care team.  

PubMed

Intensive glycemic control using insulin therapy may be appropriate for many healthy older adults to reduce premature mortality and morbidity, improve quality of life, and reduce health care costs. However, frail elderly people are more prone to develop complications from hypoglycemia, such as confusion and dementia. Overall, older persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus are at greater risk of death from cardiovascular disease (CVD) than from intermittent hyperglycemia; therefore, diabetes management should always include CVD prevention and treatment in this patient population. Pharmacists can provide a comprehensive medication review with subsequent recommendations to individualize therapy based on medical and cognitive status. As part of the patient's health care team, pharmacists can provide continuity of care and communication with other members of the patient's health care team. In addition, pharmacists can act as educators and patient advocates and establish patient-specific goals to increase medication effectiveness, adherence to a medication regimen, and minimize the likelihood of adverse events. PMID:21655341

Grossman, Samuel

2011-05-25

141

Cross-Cultural Study into ICT Student Attitudes and Behaviours Concerning Teams and Project Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe a project involving information and communication technology (ICT) students in Australia and Singapore, working together as a virtual global team. The authors investigated the question: Can differences be found in the behaviours and attitudes of our two cohorts to working in teams? This would…

Richards, Deborah; Bilgin, Ayse

2012-01-01

142

A New Concept of Working Environment Improvement Within Multicultural Teams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Multicultural team leaders under the conditions of globalisation process must understand that acquiring cultural awareness and diversity management skills is one of the premises for gaining competitive advantage and satisfying the employee? need for social cohesion. The concept presented in this paper goes beyond standard understanding of what cultural diversity management means, as it is not perceived as a set of activities that a business as a whole should be responsible for, but encourage every leader to take responsibility for its own awareness firstly. After understanding that cross-cultural competence is a lifelong learning process it is possible to start recognising one’s own cultural mindset before attempting to recognise those of people from other cultures. At this point it is a right time to spread the experience amongst other team members or associates.

Makraiová, Jana; Cagá?ová, Dagmar; ?ambál, Miloš

2012-12-01

143

"Teamwork" or "Working as a Team"? The Theory and Practice of Top Team Working in UK Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article focuses on the theory and practice of teamwork in "top management teams" in UK higher education institutions. It is informed by some of the key findings from a recent two-year research project sponsored by the Leadership Foundation for Higher Education that investigated the different ways in which UK higher education institutions…

Woodfield, Steve; Kennie, Tom

2008-01-01

144

"Teamwork" or "Working as a Team"? The Theory and Practice of Top Team Working in UK Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the theory and practice of teamwork in "top management teams" in UK higher education institutions. It is informed by some of the key findings from a recent two-year research project sponsored by the Leadership Foundation for Higher Education that investigated the different ways in which UK higher education institutions…

Woodfield, Steve; Kennie, Tom

2008-01-01

145

Multidisciplinary Civics Lessons. Teacher's Handbook. Our Democracy: How America Works Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The lessons in this handbook are multidisciplinary, integrating social, legal, economic, and political content presented in new and thought-provoking ways. The lessons may be used in existing courses for grades 8 and 9 or in creating an interdisciplinary course focusing on civic education. The lessons are entitled: (1) "'More Than Just a Set of…

Banaszak, Ronald A., Ed.; Khadjenouri, Carol Adair; Laugen, Linda

146

Implementation of a multidisciplinary team approach and fish oil emulsion administration in the management of infants with short bowel syndrome and parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To describe the authors’ experience with the implementation of a multidisciplinary approach and use of fish oil emulsion (FOE) in the management of infants with short bowel syndrome (SBS) and parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD). METHODS: Between August 2006 and June 2009, four cases of SBS and severe PNALD were managed by the team using specifically developed protocols. The FOE was initiated if serum direct bilirubin levels were ?100 ?mol/L. To quantify the degree of exposure to high serum direct bilirubin levels over time, the area under the curve (AUC) for each patient was calculated before and after initiation of FOE. Linear regression analyses were performed to evaluate correlations between the AUC, duration of cholestasis and initiation of FOE. RESULTS: All patients survived and no complications were observed during the study period. After the first patient, FOE was initiated progressively earlier, but poor correlation between the AUC before and after its introduction was observed (r2=0.41924). However, there was strong correlation between the duration of PNALD before FOE initiation and time to resolution (r2=0.72133): the earlier the FOE was initiated, the shorter the time to resolution. CONCLUSION: The authors report a positive experience with the implementation of a multidisciplinary approach and the use of FOE in infants with SBS and severe PNALD. The earlier the FOE was initiated during the cholestatic process, the shorter the time to resolution. The present study is a hypothesis generator, raising the question of whether an earlier introduction of this particular therapy can effectively shorten the cholestasis process in these patients.

Sant'Anna, Ana MGA; Altamimi, Eyad; Clause, Rose-Frances; Saab, Joanne; Mileski, Heather; Cameron, Brian; Fitzgerald, Peter; Sant'Anna, Guilherme M

2012-01-01

147

The Future of Disaster Response: Humans Working with Multiagent Teams Using DEFACTO  

Microsoft Academic Search

When addressing terrorist threats we must give special attention to both prevention and disaster response. Enabling effective interactions between agent teams and humans for disaster response is a critical area of research, with encouraging progress in the past few years. However, previous work suffers from two key limitations: (i) limited human situational awareness, reducing human effectiveness in directing agent teams

Nathan Schurr; Janusz Marecki; Milind Tambe; Paul Scerri; J. P. Lewis; Nikhil Kasinadhuni

2005-01-01

148

Enhancing Learning Experiences in Partially Distributed Teams: Training Students to Work Effectively Across Distances  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three training modules were designed to decrease ingroup dynamics in Partially Distributed Teams, which have two or more geographically separated subteams. The action research oriented study included 84 student PDTs with nearly 700 members, working on high-level software requirements. Results indicate that the training improved outcomes in terms of shared identification, trust, awareness, coordination, competence, conflict, and team performance.

Rosalie J. Ocker; Dana Kracaw; Starr Roxanne Hiltz; Mary Beth Rosson; Linda Plotnick

2009-01-01

149

The multidisciplinary meeting: An indispensable aid to communication between different specialities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multidisciplinary team meetings (MDT’s) form part of the daily work in most hospitals caring for cancer patients as a form of institutionalised communication. The degree of organisation and the type of communication in these MDTs has a direct impact on the quality of patient care provided. One resulting decision from a multidisciplinary discussion is more accurate and effective than the

Thomas Ruhstaller; Helen Roe; Beat Thürlimann; Jonathan J. Nicoll

2006-01-01

150

A multidisciplinary approach to improving urinary continence.  

PubMed

A pilot project was initiated and carried out by a multidisciplinary team working with older people with the aim of promoting effective practice in continence care. A documentation audit and staff questionnaire covering four independent hospital sites had identified the prevalence of urinary incontinence among inpatients to be 47%. This affected patients' participation in rehabilitation programmes. A framework was adopted that supported the implementation of evidence in practice. Strategies used by the project team included: workshops, role play and tools to aid decision making. Success of the project was confirmed by multidisciplinary focus group evaluations of all members of the ward team and by a post-intervention comparison of practice in the pilot ward with a similar ward using an established continence audit tool. PMID:18986080

King, L; Pilcher, M

151

A case study of project management practices in virtual settings: lessons from working in and managing virtual teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we report a case study examining the communication processes engaged in by virtual project teams and their management. Twenty-two teams, using widely available groupware to communicate, work together, share documents, discuss ideas, and solve problems, designed and implemented a database. These teams were managed by a geographically-distributed management team. The case study is analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively,

Catherine M. Beise; Traci A. Carte; Chelley Vician; Laku Chidambaram

2010-01-01

152

Working in teams: negative effects on organisational performance in policing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study tested predictions derived from social psychological theorising on the deindividuation phenomenon concerning the effects of working alone or collectively on the quality of outcomes of police patrolling activity. Police officers (n = 1,118) reported the resistance experienced when they last carried out each of 12 patrol activities. Officer age, gender, rank and experience did not predict resistance experienced.

Carlene Wilson; Neil Brewer

2001-01-01

153

Undergraduate Studies in Earthquake Information Technology (UseIT): Preparing Students for the Twenty-First Century Work Force via a Multidisciplinary and Collaborative Learning Experience  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

UseIT is one of the three undergraduate research programs sponsored by the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC). The program allows students to work in multi-disciplinary collaborative teams to tackle a scientific “Grand Challenge.” The topic varies each year but it always entails performing computer science research that is needed by earthquake scientists, educators, and other target audiences. The program allows undergraduates to use the advanced tools of information technology to solve important problems in interdisciplinary earthquake research. Since the program began in 2002, 145 students have participated in UseIT. The program stresses problem solving and interdisciplinary cross training. A key aspect of the UseIT program is its flexible, yet structured, team approach. Students share their diverse skills and interests, creating a powerful synergy through this peer mentoring. The majority of UseIT interns have considerable computer science skill or aptitude, but successful UseIT interns have hailed from nearly three-dozen disciplines, all class levels, and all skill levels. Successful UseIT interns have in common a willingness to step outside their comfort zones and try new things. During the 2009 internship the focus of the program was to deliver SCEC Virtual Display of Objects (VDO) images and animations of faults and earthquake sequences to SCEC, the Earthquake Country Alliance, and other virtual organizations via a content management system that captures the metadata and guides the user. SCEC-VDO is the SCEC intern-developed visualization software that allows the user to see earthquake related phenomena in three and four dimensions. The 2009 Grand Challenge had special relevance for the interns because the products they created were used for The Great California ShakeOut. This talk will discuss lessons learned from this program, how it addresses the needs of the 21st century STEM work force, and highlights of the 2009 internship.

Degroot, R. M.; Jordan, T. H.; Benthien, M. L.; Ihrig, M.; Berti, R.

2009-12-01

154

Relationship between leadership behaviors and performance : The moderating role of a work team's level of age, gender, and cultural heterogeneity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – In today's organizations, the heterogeneity of work teams is increasing. For example, members of work teams have different ages, genders, and\\/or cultural backgrounds. As a consequence, team leaders have to face the challenge of taking into account the various needs, values, and motives of their followers. However, there has been very little empirical research to test whether the

Jens Rowold

2011-01-01

155

The impact of subgroup type and subgroup configurational properties on work team performance.  

PubMed

Scholars have invoked subgroups in a number of theories related to teams, yet certain tensions in the literature remain unresolved. In this article, we address 2 of these tensions, both relating to how subgroups are configured in work teams: (a) whether teams perform better with a greater number of subgroups and (b) whether teams perform better when they have imbalanced subgroups (majorities and minorities are present) or balanced subgroups (subgroups are of equal size). We predict that the impact of the number and balance of subgroups depends on the type of subgroup-whether subgroups are formed according to social identity (i.e., identity-based subgroups) or information processing (i.e., knowledge-based subgroups). We first propose that teams are more adversely affected by 2 identity-based subgroups than by any other number, yet the uniquely negative impact of a 2-subgroup configuration is not apparent for knowledge-based subgroups. Instead, a larger number of knowledge-based subgroups is beneficial for performance, such that 2 subgroups is worse for performance when compared with 3 or more subgroups but better for performance when compared with no subgroups or 1 subgroup. Second, we argue that teams perform better when identity-based subgroups are imbalanced yet knowledge-based subgroups are balanced. We also suggest that there are interactive effects between the number and balance of subgroups-however, the nature of this interaction depends on the type of subgroup. To test these predictions, we developed and validated an algorithm that measures the configurational properties of subgroups in organizational work teams. Results of a field study of 326 work teams from a multinational organization support our predictions. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:23915429

Carton, Andrew M; Cummings, Jonathon N

2013-08-05

156

Operation Desert Storm: the response of a Social Work Outreach Team.  

PubMed

This paper presents a description of the objectives, planning, observations, and reports of a Department of Veteran's Affairs Social Work Outreach Team's efforts to work with soldiers returning from Operation Desert Storm. The soldiers reported experiences with discrimination, low morale, sexual harassment, and fear. PMID:8153847

West, L; Mercer, S O; Altheimer, E

1993-01-01

157

Underload and Overload in Working Life: Outline of a Multidisciplinary Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

A research project is outlined in which concepts and methods from social psychology and psychophysiology are integrated in the study of human adaptation to underload and overload related to technically advanced work processes. Attempts are made to identify aversive factors in the work process by studying acute stress reactions, e.g., catecholamine excretion, in the course of work and relating these

Marianne Frankenhaeuser; Bertil Gardell

1976-01-01

158

Multidisciplinary management of esophageal cancer.  

PubMed

This article reviews the current management of esophageal cancer, including staging and treatment options, as well as providing support for using multidisciplinary teams to better manage esophageal cancer patients. PMID:23453332

Mulligan, Charles R

2013-01-30

159

A multidisciplinary approach to the prevention, evaluation, and management of work disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational musculoskeletal disorders represent a major challenge to the injured worker, his or her family, the various health care, health and safety, and human resource professionals that work in this area as well as employers and the workers' compensation system. The epidemiology of the occupational musculoskeletal disorders and work disability indicate the problem is growing. Given the multiple factors that

Michael Feuerstein

1991-01-01

160

Review of Multidisciplinary Measures of Cultural Competence for Use in Social Work Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study reviews extant measures of cultural competence from many disciplines and evaluates their suitability for social work education based on 8 criteria: validity, reliability, relevance to social justice, item clarity, definition of diversity, coherence, social desirability, and appropriateness for social work. Nineteen instruments met…

Krentzman, Amy R.; Townsend, Aloen L.

2008-01-01

161

Creativity and Creative Teams.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A review of the linkage between knowledge, creativity, and design is presented and related to the best practices of multidisciplinary design teams. The discussion related to design and design teams is presented in the context of both the complete aerodyna...

R. M. Wood S. X. S. Bauer C. A. Hunter

2001-01-01

162

Effect on work ability after team evaluation of functioning regarding pain, self-rated disability, and work ability assessment  

PubMed Central

To evaluate the effect of a 1–2 week multiprofessional team assessment, without a real rehabilitation effort, 60 patients suffering from long-standing pain and on long-lasting time on sick leave were studied. A questionnaire concerning their daily activities, quality of life, pain intensity, sick-leave level, and their work state was filled out by all patients before starting the assessment and at a 1-year follow-up. The results from the assessment period and the multiprofessional team decision of the patient’s working ability were compared with the actual working rate after 1 year. The follow-up showed a significant reduction of sick leave and a higher level of activity (P < 0.001). One year after the initial evaluation, 40% showed a reduction in sickness benefit level and 12% resumed full-time work. However, the team evaluation of the patient’s work ability did not correlate to predict the actual outcome. The patient’s pain intensity, life satisfaction, gender, age, ethnic background, and time absent from work before the start of the evaluation showed no correlation to reduction on time on sickness benefit level. These parameters could not be used as predictors in this study.

Norrefalk, Jan-Rickard; Littwold-Poljo, Agneta; Ryhle, Leif; Jansen, Gunilla Brodda

2010-01-01

163

A Multidisciplinary Engineering Summer School in an Industrial Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Most university-level engineering studies produce technically skilled engineers. However, typically students face several difficulties when working in multidisciplinary teams when they initiate their industrial careers. In a globalised world, it becomes increasingly important that engineers are capable of collaborating across disciplinary…

Larsen, Peter Gorm; Fernandes, Joao M.; Habel, Jacek; Lehrskov, Hanne; Vos, Richard J. C.; Wallington, Oliver; Zidek, Jan

2009-01-01

164

Working in "teams" in an era of "liquid" healthcare: what is the use of theory?  

PubMed

"Team" is used throughout the healthcare literature as if it had a transparent, single meaning, and in policy documents it has become a mantra. Yet, "team" is a contested and imprecise term, inviting theoretical sophistication. New forms of team working in healthcare contexts can be understood as a complex set of practices and a discourse--both performed, and written and talked about as a supplementary practice. In the context of fluid and unpredictable social conditions, teams are now theorized in terms of contradictory process as well as stable membership. Cultural-historical activity theory in particular provides a rich approach to understanding such process, in an era where the desire for stable networks--a will-to-stability--may be secondary to the need for a will-to-adaptability. A new vocabulary has emerged in theoretical accounts to describe activities of an emergent work order, in terms of a shift from stable "networking" to unstable "knotworking." However, this conceptual language can be overwrought and may alienate practitioners. Theory can be developed with practitioners themselves to avoid widening the gap between experience and the understanding and explanation of experience. Teams are not problems to be solved but activities to be expanded. PMID:22780569

Bleakley, Alan

2012-07-10

165

A MULTILEVEL ANALYSIS OF TEAM CLIMATE AND INTERPERSONAL EXCHANGE RELATIONSHIPS AT WORK  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present study, we seek to advance research on interpersonal exchange relationships by integrating social exchange, workplace friendship, and climate research in a multilevel model. We tested the model with data obtained from a sample of 215 manager-employee dyads working in 36 teams using hierarchical linear modeling (HLM). At the individual level, leader-member exchange (LMX) was found to be

Herman H. M. Tse; Marie T. Dasborough

2006-01-01

166

The Paraprofessional's Guide to the Inclusive Classroom: Working as a Team.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook is designed to provide introductory information for the paraprofessional, the general educator, and the special educator to enable a better understanding of roles and responsibilities in the inclusive classroom and to enable them to work as a team. Specific instructional strategies that are useful when considering how to provide…

Doyle, Mary Beth

167

The Paraprofessional's Guide to the Inclusive Classroom: Working as a Team. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This workbook helps paraprofessionals, general educators, and special educators better understand one another's roles and work together effectively in the classroom, offering activities, personal stories, objectives, and planning guides that they can use as a team. Based on reader feedback from the first edition, this edition includes updates on…

Doyle, Mary Beth

168

Critical incident story creation and culture formation in a self-directed work team  

Microsoft Academic Search

Storytelling has been identified as an important vehicle for culture transmission. Explores the role of story creation and storytelling in culture change and culture formation. Using an anthropological approach, the research was conducted using qualitative methodology and a holistic definition of culture. Based on research in a company which had recently reorganized knowledge workers into self-directed work teams, describes the

Ann T. Jordan

1996-01-01

169

A Causal Model of Burnout Among Self-Managed Work Team Members  

Microsoft Academic Search

The findings on burnout that are almost universally from research in service settings are applied to an industrial setting with self-managed work teams. Researchers formulated several hypotheses on the basis of this literature. These hypotheses were then used to develop a structural (causal) model that was tested and refined using LISREL 8. Data were collected from 320 employees concerning perceptions

David F. Elloy; Willbann Terpening; John Kohls

2001-01-01

170

Student Work-Teams: A Computer-Based Self-Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A total of 118 upperclass students was divided into 22 work-teams in an introductory management course. Each participant was asked to use and evaluate a computer program, QUORUM, for diagnosing group problems and managing meetings. Problems found were a lack of group structure and poor participation. (CH)|

Volkema, Roger J.

1987-01-01

171

Team Spirit: Teachers Work Together to Establish and Achieve Key Goals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Common experience, along with a vast collection of research, demonstrates that schools can expect a range of benefits to accrue when teachers work together. Teacher teaming can reduce teacher isolation, increase collegiality, facilitate the sharing of resources and ideas, and capitalize on teacher's individual and shared strengths. And most…

Troen, Vivian; Boles, Katherine C.

2010-01-01

172

Assessment of Student Work on Geographically Distributed Information Technology Project Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are issues in assessing the contributions of individual students on geographically distributed student teams working on information technology projects. At Pace University we have been using real-world student projects in capstone computing courses for about ten years. While the courses were conducted in a classroom environment during the early years, the current course has been essentially online for the

Charles C. Tappert; Allen Stix

2009-01-01

173

Multidisciplinary Factors in Gerontological Curriculum Adoptions in Schools of Social Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on a 1988 survey of graduate schools of social work in the United States. Innovation diffusion theory is used to distinguish variables related to adoption of gerontological curriculum. Two levels of gerontological curricula adoption (minimal aging content integration and substantial aging curricula development) were differentiated through the use of specific criteria and composite scores. There was a

JoAnn Damron-Rodriguez; James E. Lubben

1994-01-01

174

Reducing errors in health care: cost-effectiveness of multidisciplinary team training in obstetric emergencies (TOSTI study); a randomised controlled trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: There are many avoidable deaths in hospitals because the care team is not well attuned. Training in emergency situations is generally followed on an individual basis. In practice, however, hospital patients are treated by a team composed of various disciplines. To prevent communication errors, it is important to focus the training on the team as a whole, rather than

Joost van de Ven; Saskia Houterman; Rob AJQ Steinweg; Albert JJA Scherpbier; Willy Wijers; Ben Mol; S Guid Oei

2010-01-01

175

Work Groups: From the Hawthorne Studies to Work Teams of the 1990s and Beyond  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article summarizes the Hawthorne studies related to work groups and their legacy and traces applications of work groups and related empirical research through the 1990s. A selective review of empirical studies of work group effectiveness conducted in work settings and published in the last 20 years addresses 4 questions: (a) What identifying features have field researchers used in operationally

Eric Sundstrom; Michael McIntyre; Terry Halfhill; Heather Richards

2000-01-01

176

Effects of team work on the working conditions of short cycled track work: A case study from the European automobile industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most unfavourable conditions for the introduction of team work in the automotive industry is in most cases the pre-determination of technical equipment which will remain unchanged because of the investment costs of installations. Still assembly processes with short cycle times less than 90 s prevail. For this reason the work organization has to adapt to given limitations

Ekkehart Frieling; Michael Freiboth; Detlef Henniges; Carsten Saager

1997-01-01

177

Searching for a balance: work–family practices, work–team design, and organizational performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The crucial impact of work–family issues on employee's well-being has been recognized and responded with a variety of research in field of organizational behavior. However, few studies examine the impact of how work–family practices affect productivity at firm-level. Following the research stream of strategic human resource management, we proposed that work–family may form the norm of reciprocity, which is a

Nien-Chi Liu; Chih-Yuan Wang

2011-01-01

178

The evaluation of team lifting on physical work demands and workload in ironworkers.  

PubMed

Lifting and carrying heavy loads occur frequently among ironworkers and result in high prevalence and incidence rates of low back complaints, injuries and work-disability. From a health perspective, little information is available on the effect of team lifting on work demands and workload. Therefore, the objective of this study was to compare the effects of team lifting of maximally 50 kg by two ironworkers (T50) with team lifting of maximally 100 kg by four ironworkers (T100). This study combined a field and laboratory study with the following outcome measures: duration and frequency of tasks and activities, energetic workload, perceived discomfort and maximal compression forces (Fc peak) on the low back. The physical work demands and workload of an individual iron worker during manual handling of rebar materials of 100 kg with four workers did not differ from the manual handling of rebar materials of 50 kg with two workers, with the exception of low back discomfort and Fc peak. The biomechanical workload of the low back exceeded for both T50 and T100 the NIOSH threshold limit of 3400N. Therefore, mechanical transport or other effective design solutions should be considered to reduce the biomechanical workload of the low back and the accompanying health risks among iron workers. PMID:22317295

van der Molen, Henk F; Visser, Steven; Kuijer, P Paul F M; Faber, Gert; Hoozemans, Marco J M; van Dieën, Jaap H; Frings-Dresen, Monique H W

2012-01-01

179

Understanding the work of pediatric inpatient medicine teams: implications for information system requirements.  

PubMed

Health information systems tend to be designed primarily for data retrieval and data entry, with insufficient attention paid to the larger contexts in which work occurs. As a result, low physician acceptance and satisfaction remain barriers to the successful integration of current informational and decision support systems (e.g., CPOE systems). This paper reports on a qualitative field study of team-based clinical care work and decision making. Our aim is to consider a radical redesign of clinical information systems, one that is built with context and the constraints of work practice in mind. We apply Cognitive Work Analysis (CWA) methods to characterize the work at a large children's hospital, and analyze these results to consider new designs for clinical information systems. In this study, we report on themes, constraints, and ideas for design, showing how our CWA analyses lead to designs that are very different from current technology information systems. PMID:22195099

Lin, Ching-Ping; Gennari, John H

2011-10-22

180

Understanding the Work of Pediatric Inpatient Medicine Teams: Implications for Information System Requirements  

PubMed Central

Health information systems tend to be designed primarily for data retrieval and data entry, with insufficient attention paid to the larger contexts in which work occurs. As a result, low physician acceptance and satisfaction remain barriers to the successful integration of current informational and decision support systems (e.g., CPOE systems). This paper reports on a qualitative field study of team-based clinical care work and decision making. Our aim is to consider a radical redesign of clinical information systems, one that is built with context and the constraints of work practice in mind. We apply Cognitive Work Analysis (CWA) methods to characterize the work at a large children’s hospital, and analyze these results to consider new designs for clinical information systems. In this study, we report on themes, constraints, and ideas for design, showing how our CWA analyses lead to designs that are very different from current technology information systems.

Lin, Ching-Ping; Gennari, John H.

2011-01-01

181

Participant Characteristics Predicting Voluntary Early Withdrawal from a Multidisciplinary Program Providing Home-Delivered Meals and Dietitian\\/Social Work Case Management to Homebound Elders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Participant Characteristics Predicting Voluntary Early Withdrawal from a Multidisciplinary Program Providing Home-Delivered Meals and Dietitian\\/Social Work Case Management to Homebound Elders meals and dietitian\\/social work case management to homebound seniors predicted voluntary early withdrawal. Sixty-nine participants voluntarily withdrew early and 111 completed the project. Six hypotheses were based on a conceptual framework incorporating (1) agreement between project elements and needs\\/preferences

William J. McAuley; Megan E. McCutcheon; Shirley S. Travis; Jean Lloyd

2006-01-01

182

What Makes Teacher Teams in a Vocational Education Context Effective?: A Qualitative Study of Managers' View on Team Working  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: At a time when secondary vocational education is implementing competence-based education (CBE) on a large scale, to adapt to the needs of students and of the labour market in a modern society, many vocational schools have recognised that interdisciplinary teacher teams are an important condition for this implementation. In order to…

Truijen, K. J. P.; Sleegers, P. J. C.; Meelissen, M. R. M.; Nieuwenhuis, A. F. M.

2013-01-01

183

'Work systems, Quality of Working Life and Attitudes of Workers. An Empirical Study towards the effects of Team and non-Teamwork'  

Microsoft Academic Search

Steijn, B. (2001), 'Work systems, Quality of Working Life and Attitudes of Workers. An Empirical Study towards the effects of Team and non-Teamwork', New Technology, Work, and Employment, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 191-203. summary In this article four different work systems are distinguished: the traditional Tayloristic system, 'lean' teamwork, 'sociotechnical' teamwork, and the professional work system. Using a survey

Bram Steijn

2001-01-01

184

Effectiveness of a multidisciplinary care program on recovery and return to work of patients after gynaecological surgery; design of a randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Return to work after gynaecological surgery takes much longer than expected, irrespective of the level of invasiveness. In order to empower patients in recovery and return to work, a multidisciplinary care program consisting of an e-health intervention and integrated care management including participatory workplace intervention was developed. Methods/Design We designed a randomized controlled trial to assess the effect of the multidisciplinary care program on full sustainable return to work in patients after gynaecological surgery, compared to usual clinical care. Two hundred twelve women (18-65 years old) undergoing hysterectomy and/or laparoscopic adnexal surgery on benign indication in one of the 7 participating (university) hospitals in the Netherlands are expected to take part in this study at baseline. The primary outcome measure is sick leave duration until full sustainable return to work and is measured by a monthly calendar of sickness absence during 26 weeks after surgery. Secondary outcome measures are the effect of the care program on general recovery, quality of life, pain intensity and complications, and are assessed using questionnaires at baseline, 2, 6, 12 and 26 weeks after surgery. Discussion The discrepancy between expected physical recovery and actual return to work after gynaecological surgery contributes to the relevance of this study. There is strong evidence that long periods of sick leave can result in work disability, poorer general health and increased risk of mental health problems. We expect that this multidisciplinary care program will improve peri-operative care, contribute to a faster return to work of patients after gynaecological surgery and, as a consequence, will reduce societal costs considerably. Trial registration Netherlands Trial Register (NTR): NTR2087

2012-01-01

185

[Establishment of a collaborative work team management for type 1 diabetes mellitus patient].  

PubMed

This article will provide the necessary information to establish a childhood and adolescence management center that would promote the integration and coordination of interdisciplinary members as healthcare teams. It will also show how Instituto da Criança com Diabetes from Rio Grande do Sul (ICD) was built, structured and how it works. The aim of this program is to decrease the frequency of hospitalization in acute cases, to decrease chronic complications and to qualify human resources. So far 1315 outpatients and day-care hospital patients, mostly type 1 diabetes, have been seeing free of charge in Public Health Service (PHS), in a partnership with Grupo Hospitalar Conceição (GHC) and the Ministry of Health. Among other activities an educational program (consisting of 45-minute daily classes) is given to the patient and his family. From 2004 to 2007 it could be seen a decrease from 7,5% to 2,7% in the diabetes related hospitalization concerning these patients. Clinical guidelines followed by the interdisciplinary ICD team will also be presented in this essay. PMID:18438532

Tschiedel, Balduino; Cé, Gislaine Vissoky; Geremia, César; Mondadori, Paula; Speggiorin, Silvana; Puñales, Marcia K C

2008-03-01

186

[Mobile team of palliative care in a department of neurology: value of two multidisciplinary and professional groups fruit of a joint distribution of the palliative approach and ethical support].  

PubMed

This article describes how a mobile team of palliative care and a department of neurology learned to cope with many complex end-of-life situations. After a brief introduction to inter-team cooperation, clinical work of the mobile team with patients and families and its cooperation with the neurology team are presented. The specificity of supportive care in neurology is also analyzed. Two interdisciplinary and multi-professional tools - the Palliative Care Resource Group and the Ethics Consultation Group - are described, with their activities and their goals. The Palliative Care Resource Group is a specific entity whose identity lies at the crossroads between commonly recognized organizational units: clinic staff, clinical practice, ethical or organizational analysis groups (Balint, 1960), discussion groups (Rusznievski, 1999), training groups. It has several objectives: 1) create a robust conceptual environment enabling the pursuit of palliative care practices without relying on the empty paradigm of stereotypical actions; if suffering cannot be avoided, psychic development and transformation can be promoted; 2) attempt to prevent caregiver burnout; 3) help support and strengthen the collective dimension of the team, learning a mode of care which goes beyond the execution of coded actions; 4) enhance the primary dimension of care, i.e. taking care, especially in clinical situations where conventional wisdom declares that "nothing more can be done."; 5) promote group work so new ideas arising from the different teams influence the behavior of all caregivers. The Ethics Consultation Group organizes its work in several steps. The first step is discernment, clearly identifying the question at hand with the clinical staff. This is followed by a consultation between the clinical team, the patient, the family and the referring physician to arrive at a motivated decision, respecting the competent patient's opinion. The final step is an evaluation of the decision and its consequences. The Ethical Consultation Group, which meets at a scheduled time at a set place, unites the different members of the neurology and palliative care teams who come to a common decision. These specific moments have an important impact on team cohesion, creating a common culture and a convergence of individual representations about making difficult decisions. Specific clinical cases are described to illustrate some of the difficulties encountered in palliative care decision-making. These cases provide insight about the decision to create a palliative care gastrostomy for a man with progressive supranuclear palsy, the suffering experienced by a medical team caring for a young woman with Creutzfeldt-Jacob encephalopathy, or a woman's experience with the post-stroke life-and-death seesaw. Theoretical divisions, illustrated with clinical stories, can be useful touchstones for neurology teams. PMID:23453274

Baudoin, D; Krebs, S

2013-02-28

187

Empowered Teams: Creating Self-Directed Work Groups That Improve Quality, Productivity, and Participation. First Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains information targeted at executives, line managers, and human resource executives responsible for bringing the team vision to their organizations. A prologue defines teams and shows how they are developed. Part I (chapters 1-4) has the following purposes: introduces the team empowerment continuum, shows how a reshuffling of…

Wellins, Richard S.; And Others

188

Empowered Teams: Creating Self-Directed Work Groups That Improve Quality, Productivity, and Participation. First Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book contains information targeted at executives, line managers, and human resource executives responsible for bringing the team vision to their organizations. A prologue defines teams and shows how they are developed. Part I (chapters 1-4) has the following purposes: introduces the team empowerment continuum, shows how a reshuffling of…

Wellins, Richard S.; And Others

189

Training Multidisciplinary Biomedical Informatics Students: Three Years of Experience  

PubMed Central

Objective The European INFOBIOMED Network of Excellence 1 recognized that a successful education program in biomedical informatics should include not only traditional teaching activities in the basic sciences but also the development of skills for working in multidisciplinary teams. Design A carefully developed 3-year training program for biomedical informatics students addressed these educational aspects through the following four activities: (1) an internet course database containing an overview of all Medical Informatics and BioInformatics courses, (2) a BioMedical Informatics Summer School, (3) a mobility program based on a ‘brokerage service’ which published demands and offers, including funding for research exchange projects, and (4) training challenges aimed at the development of multi-disciplinary skills. Measurements This paper focuses on experiences gained in the development of novel educational activities addressing work in multidisciplinary teams. The training challenges described here were evaluated by asking participants to fill out forms with Likert scale based questions. For the mobility program a needs assessment was carried out. Results The mobility program supported 20 exchanges which fostered new BMI research, resulted in a number of peer-reviewed publications and demonstrated the feasibility of this multidisciplinary BMI approach within the European Union. Students unanimously indicated that the training challenge experience had contributed to their understanding and appreciation of multidisciplinary teamwork. Conclusion The training activities undertaken in INFOBIOMED have contributed to a multi-disciplinary BMI approach. It is our hope that this work might provide an impetus for training efforts in Europe, and yield a new generation of biomedical informaticians.

van Mulligen, Erik M.; Cases, Montserrat; Hettne, Kristina; Molero, Eva; Weeber, Marc; Robertson, Kevin A.; Oliva, Baldomero; de la Calle, Guillermo; Maojo, Victor

2008-01-01

190

Multidisciplinary Study of Pulse Detonation Engine Propulsion.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Penn State-led MURI effort on Pulse Detonation Engine (PDE) research is detailed in this report. The multidisciplinary research effort brought together a team of leading researchers in the areas of the initiation and propagation of detonations, liquid...

R. J. Santoro V. Yang J. E. Shepherd C. K. Law

2003-01-01

191

Designing Multidisciplinary Integrated Curriculum Units  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The term "integrated curriculum" has many different, sometimes conflicting, meanings to educators. In this manual, integrated curriculum refers to the materials and pedagogical strategies used by "multidisciplinary" teams of teachers to organize their instruction so that students are encouraged to make meaningful connections across subject areas.…

Clayton, Marla; Hagan, Jill; Ho, Pier Sun; Hudis, Paula M.

2010-01-01

192

Simulation of a Forensic Chemistry Problem: A Multidisciplinary Project for Secondary School Chemistry Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a project that uses a multidisciplinary approach to problem solving in analyzing a crime scene and suspect evidence. Requires each student to work effectively in a team, communicate in both written and oral forms, perform hands-on laboratory manipulations, and realize that the entire class was depending on their individual contributions…

Long, G. A.

1995-01-01

193

Simulation of a Forensic Chemistry Problem: A Multidisciplinary Project for Secondary School Chemistry Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a project that uses a multidisciplinary approach to problem solving in analyzing a crime scene and suspect evidence. Requires each student to work effectively in a team, communicate in both written and oral forms, perform hands-on laboratory manipulations, and realize that the entire class was depending on their individual contributions…

Long, G. A.

1995-01-01

194

Affective responses to work process and outcomes in virtual teams : Effects of communication media and time pressure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To analyze the direct and combined effects of the communication media and time pressure in group work on the affective responses of team members while performing intellective tasks Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A laboratory experiment was carried out with 124 subjects working in 31 groups. The task performed by the groups was an intellective one. A 2 × 3 factorial

Amparo Caballer; Francisco Gracia; José-María Peiró

2005-01-01

195

Continuous quality improvement at work: the first team--Part II.  

PubMed

This second part of a two-part article follows Cape Canaveral Hospital's first continuous quality improvement team through the processes of goal setting, system analysis, data gathering, and problem resolution in the area of patients' assignment to observation status. The team's primary goal was data-driven improvement. As detailed here, the team's solution to improve the use of observation status is both time-efficient and offers opportunities for financial gain. PMID:10139391

Bolt, B J; Lehany-Trese, A M; Williams, T P

196

“ENDEA”: a case study of multidisciplinary practice in the development of assisted technologies for older adults in Ireland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to discuss the authors' experiences of multidisciplinary practice in relation to developing home-based assisted living technologies. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper draws on almost three years' experience of working within an ongoing, large, multi-sited and multidisciplinary Irish national research programme: the Technology for Independent Living Centre. This involved industry and academic partners. Teams of clinicians, physical

Cathy Bailey; Julie Doyle; Susan Squires; Cliodhna ni Scanaill; Chie Wei Fan; Cormac Sheehan; Clodagh Cunningham; Ben Dromey

2011-01-01

197

Cultural Diversity, Perception of Work Atmosphere, and Task Conflict in Collaboration Technology Supported Global Virtual Teams: Findings from a Laboratory Experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we focus on work atmosphere and conflict in global virtual teams and report the findings of a laboratory experiment that involved twenty-seven cross-cultural virtual teams. The members of the teams used IBM's Lotus Sametime to work on decision-making tasks. The findings of the study reveal that in collaboration technology supported virtual teams, the cultural heterogeneity of the

Souren Paul; Sumati Ray

2009-01-01

198

Understanding How PBL Teams Work: Re-Thinking the Dimensions of Teamwork.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports the results of a 5-month study of 4, self-selected Problem-Based Learning (PBL) teams taking a leadership capacity-building course in the Educational Leadership Program in the Graduate School of Education and Information Studies at UCLA. Twenty-six students in the course were divided into five teams of five to eight members…

Rose, Linda P.

199

DiCoT: a methodology for applying Distributed Cognition to the design of team working systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Distributed Cognition is growing in popularity as a way of reasoning about group working and the design of artefacts within work systems. DiCoT (Distributed Cognition for Teamwork) is a methodology and representational system we are developing to support distributed cognition analysis of small team working. It draws on ideas from Contextual Design, but re-orients them towards the principles that are

Ann Blandford; Dominic Furniss

200

Work engagement supports nurse workforce stability and quality of care: nursing team-level analysis in psychiatric hospitals.  

PubMed

Research in healthcare settings reveals important links between work environment factors, burnout and organizational outcomes. Recently, research focuses on work engagement, the opposite (positive) pole from burnout. The current study investigated the relationship of nurse practice environment aspects and work engagement (vigour, dedication and absorption) to job outcomes and nurse-reported quality of care variables within teams using a multilevel design in psychiatric inpatient settings. Validated survey instruments were used in a cross-sectional design. Team-level analyses were performed with staff members (n?=?357) from 32 clinical units in two psychiatric hospitals in Belgium. Favourable nurse practice environment aspects were associated with work engagement dimensions, and in turn work engagement was associated with job satisfaction, intention to stay in the profession and favourable nurse-reported quality of care variables. The strongest multivariate models suggested that dedication predicted positive job outcomes whereas nurse management predicted perceptions of quality of care. In addition, reports of quality of care by the interdisciplinary team were predicted by dedication, absorption, nurse-physician relations and nurse management. The study findings suggest that differences in vigour, dedication and absorption across teams associated with practice environment characteristics impact nurse job satisfaction, intention to stay and perceptions of quality of care. PMID:22962847

Van Bogaert, P; Wouters, K; Willems, R; Mondelaers, M; Clarke, S

2012-09-11

201

Use of briefings and debriefings as a tool in improving team work, efficiency, and communication in the operating theatre  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionTeam work, communication, and efficiency in the operating theatre are widely recognised to be suboptimal. Poor communication is the single biggest cause of medical error. The surgical operating theatre is a potentially highly stressed environment where poor communication can lead to fatal errors. The objectives of this study were to assess the effects briefings and debriefings had on theatre start

Robert Bethune; Govindarajulu Sasirekha; Ajay Sahu; Simon Cawthorn; Anne Pullyblank

2011-01-01

202

Fostering online social construction of science knowledge with primary pre-service teachers working in virtual teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

As many primary pre-service teachers enter teacher education courses with little science background, it is essential in teacher education courses to provide opportunities for them to learn more science independently. The purpose of this study is to investigate an online pedagogical activity that fosters the social construction of science knowledge by primary pre-service teachers working in small virtual teams. The

Howard Nicholas; Wan Ng

2009-01-01

203

Reducing hospital-acquired infections through knowledge-sharing in work teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to analyze the use of a team-based organizational structure for the purpose of improving the quality of the services provided by the health care system. More specifically, the research aims to investigate the efficiency of a cross-functional team-based structure in regard to improving knowledge-sharing and hereby reducing hospital-acquired infections (i.e. health-care associated

Jeanette Lemmergaard

2009-01-01

204

Working with young athletes: views of a nutritionist on the sports medicine team.  

PubMed

Athletes are influenced by coaches, other athletes, media, parents, the national sport governing body, members of the sports medicine team, and the athlete's own desire for success. It is impossible, therefore, for one member of the sports medicine team to unilaterally determine workable solutions that enhance performance and diminish health problems in an athlete. A focus on ensuring that the athlete can perform to the best of her ability is a key to encouraging discussion between the nutritionist, athlete, and coach. Using the assumption that health and top athletic performance are compatible, this focus on performance provides a discussion point that all parties can agree to and, if approached properly, also fulfills the nutritionist's goal of achieving optimal nutritional status. Membership on the sports medicine team mandates that the nutritionist know the paradigms and health risks associated with the sport and develop assessment and feedback procedures specific to the athlete's needs. PMID:8744784

Benardot, D

1996-06-01

205

Participant characteristics predicting voluntary early withdrawal from a multidisciplinary program providing home-delivered meals and dietitian/social work case management to homebound elders.  

PubMed

We examine whether baseline characteristics of participants enrolled in a multidisciplinary program providing home-delivered meals and dietitian/social work case management to homebound seniors predicted voluntary early withdrawal. Sixty-nine participants voluntarily withdrew early and 111 completed the project. Six hypotheses were based on a conceptual framework incorporating (1) agreement between project elements and needs/preferences of individuals and (2) whether participants would improve and no longer require or desire the intervention. Three of the hypotheses were supported by means of logistic regression analysis. Voluntary early withdrawers at baseline: (1) were more mobile, (2) ate less often, and (3) responded that food tastes good less often. The results suggest that carefully considering the interaction of potential participant characteristics and project interventions will improve nutrition project retention. PMID:17182468

McAuley, William J; McCutcheon, Megan E; Travis, Shirley S; Lloyd, Jean

2005-01-01

206

Hands–on training: working with a charity cleft team in Hyderabad  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cleft lip and palate cases are somewhat academic for most people, with most modern clinicians having very little exposure at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. Here, maxillofacial SHO Jiten Parmar gives an account of his experiences with a cleft team on a charity mission to Hyderabad, India.

Jiten Parmar

2007-01-01

207

Functional Behavioral Assessment and Children with Autism: Working as a Team.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes a transdisciplinary team approach to functional behavioral assessment (FBA) and intervention for young children with autism who exhibit severe challenging behavior. The article discusses the types of information needed to conduct an FBA, gives examples of information collection, and examines benefits and barriers to the…

Rogers, Eliszabeth Lodge

2001-01-01

208

Successful Group Work: Using Cooperative Learning and Team-Based Learning in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research study examined student perceptions of group experiences in the classroom. The author used cooperative learning and team-based learning to focus on three characteristics that are critical for the success of groups: structure of activities, relationships of group members, and accountability of group members. Results indicated that…

Grant-Vallone, E. J.

2011-01-01

209

Building Better Teams at Work using Self and Peer Assessment Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a reported competency gap between the teamwork skills required by employers and those developed by engineering students during their undergraduate courses. The University of Technology, Sydney is addressing this issue by combining project-based learning with self and peer assessment to determine an individual's team performance. A confidential online tool is used to collect and collate the student self

Keith Willey; Anne Gardner

2007-01-01

210

A Multidisciplinary Approach to Understanding Developmental Dyslexia Within Working-Memory Architecture: Genotypes, Phenotypes, Brain, and Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

A unifying theoretical framework of three working memory components provides a systems perspective for discussing past and new findings in a 12-year research program that point to heterogeneity in the genetic and brain basis and behavioral expression of dyslexia: (a) codes for word-form storage and processing, (b) time-sensitive phonological and orthographic loops for maintaining information in working memory or outputting

Virginia W. Berninger; Wendy Raskind; Todd Richards; Robert Abbott; Pat Stock

2008-01-01

211

Unpacking Race, Culture, and Class in Rural Alaska: Native and Non-Native Multidisciplinary Professionals' Perceptions of Child Sexual Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to unpack notions of class, culture, and race as they relate to multidisciplinary team (MDT) professionals and their perceptions of prevalence in child sexual abuse cases in Native and non-Native rural Alaska communities. Power and privilege within professional settings is significant for all social work

Bubar, Roe; Bundy-Fazioli, Kimberly

2011-01-01

212

Multi-Disciplinary Approaches to Pupil Behaviour in School--The Role of Evaluation in Service Delivery  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study evaluates the work of a multi-disciplinary Behaviour Support Team developed to support schools in managing problematic behaviour. An evidence base to inform future service delivery is developed, using a model of evaluation which incorporates both quantitative, outcome data and more explanatory qualitative data, incorporating the views…

Hartnell, Naomi

2010-01-01

213

American Bar Association Supplementary Guidelines for the Mitigation Function of Defense Teams in Death Penalty Cases: implications for social work.  

PubMed

When a client faces a penalty of death, defense attorneys may call on social workers in many capacities: mitigation specialist, expert witness, consulting specialist, direct witness, or defense-initiated victim outreach worker. The American Bar Association set forth standards for capital defense attorneys, which led an interdisciplinary team to produce the "Supplementary Guidelines for the Mitigation Function of Defense Teams in Death Penalty Cases" to promote the exceptional competence and diligence required when the consequence is life or death. This article summarizes the "Supplementary Guidelines," with implications for social work practice--that is, professional responsibility, competence, interviewing skill, knowledge of behavioral and mental impairment, records review, life history compilation, data interpretation, witness support, law-related knowledge, and testimony. The social work, which is scrutinized in a court of law, requires cultural competence, diverse oral and written communication skills, diligence, and the highest ethical standards. PMID:23038877

Andrews, Arlene Bowers

2012-04-01

214

A multidisciplinary approach to understanding developmental dyslexia within working-memory architecture: genotypes, phenotypes, brain, and instruction.  

PubMed

A unifying theoretical framework of three working memory components provides a systems perspective for discussing past and new findings in a 12-year research program that point to heterogeneity in the genetic and brain basis and behavioral expression of dyslexia: (a) codes for word-form storage and processing, (b) time-sensitive phonological and orthographic loops for maintaining information in working memory or outputting it, and (c) executive functions for language (e.g., rapid automatic switching of attention). Results, which span the genetic to neurological to behavioral levels of analysis, point to possible impairment in any one or combination of these working memory components in individuals with dyslexia. A DNA variation on chromosome 15 may be linked with the phonological word-form in the first working-memory component. A DNA variation on chromosome 6 may be linked with slow rapid automatic switching, inattention ratings, and impaired goal-directed activity ratings in the third working-memory component. Brain and behavioral findings support (a) Triple Word Form Theory: phonological, orthographic, and morphological word-forms and their parts contribute to learning to read and spell words; and (b) Cross-Word Form Mapping: in the process of learning to read and spell words children compute the inter-relationships among the three word-forms and their parts. However, children with dyslexia may require more focus on the morphological word-form and its parts and their relationships with the other two word-forms and their parts than do normal readers. Also, children with dyslexia have unusual difficulties in sustaining phonological loop function in working memory over time; their impaired orthographic loop function may interfere with learning to write alphabet letters and spell, which may be as impaired as word decoding and reading. Impaired executive functions may interfere with the efficiency of working memory in processing oral and written language. PMID:19005912

Berninger, Virginia W; Raskind, Wendy; Richards, Todd; Abbott, Robert; Stock, Pat

2008-01-01

215

Making Virtual Work Teams Successful: Measuring the ?Interactive Demand? of Tasks and Fitting It to the Demands of Technology, People, and Structure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virtual problem-solving teams are becoming a fixture in both the work and educational environments. However, the advent of work teams, particularly within the virtual realm, has posed a number of challenges to the success of these groups. Research has, of yet, failed to identify and understand the myriad number of variables that can affect the performance of a virtual group.

Stephen Dundis; Suzanne G. Benson

2003-01-01

216

Team Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Experience shows that teamwork produces powerful results. Working in a team environment, however, presents its own set of challenges. This handbook provides U.S. Department of Education managers and employees with guidance to develop high-performing teams. Based on input from agency employees throughout the country, the handbook was designed to…

Department of Education, Washington, DC.

217

Halitosis: the multidisciplinary approach  

PubMed Central

Halitosis, bad breath or oral malodour are all synonyms for the same pathology. Halitosis has a large social and economic impact. For the majority of patients suffering from bad breath, it causes embarrassment and affects their social communication and life. Moreover, halitosis can be indicative of underlying diseases. Only a limited number of scientific publications were presented in this field until 1995. Ever since, a large amount of research is published, often with lack of evidence. In general, intraoral conditions, like insufficient dental hygiene, periodontitis or tongue coating are considered to be the most important cause (85%) for halitosis. Therefore, dentists and periodontologists are the first-line professionals to be confronted with this problem. They should be well aware of the origin, the detection and especially of the treatment of this pathology. In addition, ear–nose–throat-associated (10%) or gastrointestinal/endocrinological (5%) disorders may contribute to the problem. In the case of halitophobia, psychiatrical or psychological problems may be present. Bad breath needs a multidisciplinary team approach: dentists, periodontologists, specialists in family medicine, ear–nose–throat surgeons, internal medicine and psychiatry need to be updated in this field, which still is surrounded by a large taboo. Multidisciplinary bad breath clinics offer the best environment to examine and treat this pathology that affects around 25% of the whole population. This article describes the origin, detection and treatment of halitosis, regarded from the different etiological origins.

Bollen, Curd ML; Beikler, Thomas

2012-01-01

218

Halitosis: the multidisciplinary approach.  

PubMed

Halitosis, bad breath or oral malodour are all synonyms for the same pathology. Halitosis has a large social and economic impact. For the majority of patients suffering from bad breath, it causes embarrassment and affects their social communication and life. Moreover,halitosis can be indicative of underlying diseases. Only a limited number of scientific publications were presented in this field until 1995. Ever since, a large amount of research is published, often with lack of evidence. In general, intraoral conditions, like insufficient dental hygiene, periodontitis or tongue coating are considered to be the most important cause (85%) for halitosis. Therefore, dentists and periodontologists are the first-line professionals to be confronted with this problem. They should be well aware of the origin, the detection and especially of the treatment of this pathology. In addition, ear-nose-throat-associated (10%) or gastrointestinal/endocrinological (5%) disorders may contribute to the problem. In the case of halitophobia, psychiatrical or psychological problems may be present. Bad breath needs a multidisciplinary team approach: dentists, periodontologists, specialists in family medicine, ear-nose-throat surgeons, internal medicine and psychiatry need to be updated in this field, which still is surrounded by a large taboo.Multidisciplinary bad breath clinics offer the best environment to examine and treat this pathology that affects around 25% of the whole population. This article describes the origin, detection and treatment of halitosis, regarded from the different etiological origins. PMID:22722640

Bollen, Curd M L; Beikler, Thomas

2012-06-01

219

Multidisciplinary work on barium contamination of the karstic upper Kupa River drainage basin (Croatia and Slovenia); calling for watershed management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present work was designed as an extension of a previous study of a barium anomaly observed in stream sediments of the\\u000a Kupa River. In its upper part the Kupa River drains a region underlain by a trans-boundary aquifer. The river is a significant\\u000a water resource in a region of tourism, sport, and fishing in both Croatia and Slovenia. The

S. Fran?iškovi?-Bilinski; H. Bilinski; R. Grbac; J. Žuni?; M. Ne?emer; D. Hanžel

2007-01-01

220

Evidence-based Medicine and Rapid Response Team Implementation  

PubMed Central

The implementation of Rapid Response Teams is becoming commonplace in U.S. hospitals, following the model developed in Australia. The Rapid Response Team is a method of bringing ICU-level patient care to the bedside of critically ill patients using a multidisciplinary team. Acute care unit staff are trained to recognize clinical deterioration using a set of vital sign calling criteria (systolic blood pressure below 90 mmHg, pulse below 60 or above 100, etc.). Many hospitals have been facing problems gaining needed support to make the organizational changes needed for the team to function properly. Some faculty physicians have expressed apprehension about losing control over their patients, and they have also highlighted the lack of rigorous experimental evidence that the teams work. Since there are so many confounding factors at work when trying to design an experimental study of this type of change, the study may not accurately portray the situation. Other evaluation methods should therefore be considered.

Bruckel, Jeffrey

2006-01-01

221

Working toward Improvements in the Student Assistance Team (SAT) Process: A Preliminary Investigation Incorporating Functional Behavior Assessment (FBA) into a Structured Team Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this field-based study, functional behavior assessment was incorporated into the student assistance team (SAT) process. The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine whether team members could identify the correct function of behavior by selecting related interventions. Further, the extent to which FBA information collected at each…

Lee, Steven W.; Jamison, T. Rene

222

Plutonium working group report on environmental, safety and health vulnerabilities associated with the Department`s plutonium storage. Volume II, part 7: Mound working group assessment team report  

SciTech Connect

This is the report of a visit to the Mound site by the Working Group Assessment Team (WGAT) to assess plutonium vulnerabilities. Purposes of the visit were: to review results of the site`s self assessment of current practices for handling and storing plutonium; to conduct an independent assessment of these practices; to reconcile differences and assemble a final list of vulnerabilities; to calculate consequences and probability for each vulnerability; and to issue a report to the Working Group. This report, representing completion of the Mound visit, will be compiled along with those from all other sites with plutonium inventories as part of a final report to the Secretary of Energy.

NONE

1994-09-01

223

Study protocol of effectiveness of a biopsychosocial multidisciplinary intervention in the evolution of non-speficic sub-acute low back pain in the working population: cluster randomised trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Non-specific low back pain is a common cause for consultation with the general practitioner, generating increased health and social costs. This study will analyse the effectiveness of a multidisciplinary intervention to reduce disability, severity of pain, anxiety and depression, to improve quality of life and to reduce the incidence of chronic low back pain in the working population with

Teresa Rodriguez-Blanco; Isabel Fernández-San-Martin; Montserrat Balagué-Corbella; Anna Berenguera; Jenny Moix; Elena Montiel-Morillo; Esther Núñez-Juárez; Maria J González-Moneo; Magda Pie-Oncins; Raquel Martín-Peñacoba; Mercè Roura-Olivan; Montse Núñez-Juárez; Enriqueta Pujol-Ribera

2010-01-01

224

[Young urban adults suffering from psychosis: the importance of close team work].  

PubMed

Untreated psychosis causes a lot of suffering and its impact echoes on different aspects of the affected individual's functioning. In city centers, youths presenting early psychosis face additional challenges because many of them live in precarious, unstable conditions and are isolated. Reorganisation of mental health care access and delivery is necessary to avoid delay for psychosis identification and treatment initiation. This article describes possible solutions which have been applied at Clinique JAP, a specialized early psychosis intervention clinic at the CHUM, which offers integrated services to optimize outcome. To increase engagement and adherence to treatment, treatment setting must include a welcoming and youth-friendly atmosphere, individualized and flexible interventions, and nourishing optimistic but realistic hope. Intensive interventions by a specialized interdisciplinary team, in collaboration with community organizations, must be offered in a proactive way to reduce delay in treatment and therefore avoid disastrous consequences of psychosis. PMID:22997645

Ouellet-Plamondon, Clairélaine; Abdel-Baki, Amal

2011-01-01

225

Strengths and weaknesses of working with the Global Trigger Tool method for retrospective record review: focus group interviews with team members  

PubMed Central

Objectives The aim was to describe the strengths and weaknesses, from team member perspectives, of working with the Global Trigger Tool (GTT) method of retrospective record review to identify adverse events causing patient harm. Design A qualitative, descriptive approach with focus group interviews using content analysis. Setting 5 Swedish hospitals in 2011. Participants 5 GTT teams, with 5 physicians and 11 registered nurses. Intervention 5 focus group interviews were carried out with the five teams. Interviews were taped and transcribed verbatim. Results 8 categories emerged relating to the strengths and weaknesses of the GTT method. The categories found were: Usefulness of the GTT, Application of the GTT, Triggers, Preventability of harm, Team composition, Team tasks, Team members’ knowledge development and Documentation. Gradually, changes in the methodology were made by the teams, for example, the teams reported how the registered nurses divided up the charts into two sets, each being read respectively. The teams described the method as important and well functioning. Not only the most important, but also the most difficult, was the task of bringing the results back to the clinic. The teams found it easier to discuss findings at their own clinics. Conclusions The GTT method functions well for identifying adverse events and is strengthened by its adaptability to different specialties. However, small, gradual methodological changes together with continuingly developed expertise and adaption to looking at harm from a patient's perspective may contribute to large differences in assessment over time.

Schildmeijer, Kristina; Nilsson, Lena; Perk, Joep; Arestedt, Kristofer; Nilsson, Gunilla

2013-01-01

226

A Cognitive Work Analysis of Physician Ordering in Pediatric Inpatient Medicine Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Clinical work, including ordering, is known to be interruptive, multitasking, collaborative and distributed yet current clinical computer systems emphasize linear, normative and solitary work. Although the evidence of a work-technology disconnect is well documented by researchers, there is less understanding of the origins of this disconnect.…

Lin, Ching-Ping

2010-01-01

227

Model Formulation: Training Multidisciplinary Biomedical Informatics Students: Three Years of Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThe European INFOBIOMED Network of Excellence1 recognized that a successful education program in biomedical informatics should include not only traditional teaching activities in the basic sciences but also the development of skills for working in multidisciplinary teams.DesignA carefully developed 3-year training program for biomedical informatics students addressed these educational aspects through the following four activities: (1) an internet course database

Erik M. van Mulligen; Montserrat Cases; Kristina M. Hettne; Eva Molero; Marc Weeber; Kevin A. Robertson; Baldomero Oliva; Guillermo de la Calle; Victor Maojo

2008-01-01

228

Educational Approaches for Preparing Social Work Students for Interdisciplinary Teamwork on Geriatric Health Care Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interest in teamwork has fluctuated over the last several decades, with recent renewed interest. As social workers become more involved in working with older people in the coming years, their success will hinge on collaboration with other health providers. Schools of social work and clinical sites must address this through the development of educational curricula and clinical programs which prepare

Judith L. Howe; Kathryn Hyer; Joanna Mellor; David Lindeman; Marilyn Luptak

2001-01-01

229

Work Outcomes and Job Design for Contract Versus Permanent Information Systems Professionals on Software Development Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organizations have significantly increased their use of contracting in information systems (IS), hiring contractors to work with permanent professionals. Based on theories of social exchange and social comparison, we hypothesize differences in work attitudes, behaviors, and performance across the two groups, and evaluate our hypotheses with a sequential mixed-methods design. Our first study surveys contract and permanent professionals on software

Soon Ang; Sandra Slaughter

2001-01-01

230

The influence of age on perceptions of relationship quality and performance in care service work teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to examine age-related perceptions of the quality of relationships at work and performance in mentally and physically demanding care service work settings. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The study was conducted in six residential homes for the elderly in Germany. Data of 150 respondents were analyzed using multiple hierarchical regression and mediation tests. The mediating role of relationship

Franz Josef Gellert; René Schalk

2012-01-01

231

Teams and team management in nurse education.  

PubMed

Nursing traditionally relied upon power-coercive and status-oriented management styles similar to those which have underpinned failing British industry but team work and team management styles underpin the success and excellence of organisations in industry and commerce. The author argues that such team work and team management can create the dynamic 'problem-solving' style required for the management of complex issues such as exist within nurse education today. The author presents an outline of teams, their characteristics and the models currently available for managing, building and maintaining teams. PMID:1584173

Richardson, M

1992-04-01

232

Multidisciplinary teamwork in a robotics course  

Microsoft Academic Search

Real-world systems are comprised of interdependent components creating integrated systems. These systems are developed by multidisciplinary teams. The goal of this project is the development of a comprehensive undergraduate course in robotics that encompasses various fields that are integral to robotic systems: Computer Science, Electrical and Computer Engineering, and Mechanical Engineering. A main pedagogical goal of the course is to

Jerry B. Weinberg; William W. White; Cem Karacal; George Engel; Ai-Ping Hu

2005-01-01

233

Clinical Priorities: Strengthening Social Work Practice in Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of health services, decisions regarding priorities for social work intervention and, hence, the allocation of social work expertise and resources have traditionally been based on an interaction between social work knowledge, principles and skills, historical precedence, health policy, multidisciplinary team requirements, and manager opinion. In the current context of health services, traditional practices are questioned and it

Ros Giles; Susan Gould; Christopher Hart; Jennifer Swancott

2007-01-01

234

Team Cognition in Experienced Command-and-Control Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Team cognition in experienced command-and-control teams is examined in an UAV (Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle) simulation. Five 3-person teams with experience working together in a command-and-control setting were compared to 10 inexperienced teams. Each team participated in five 40-min missions of a simulation in which interdependent team members…

Cooke, Nancy J.; Gorman, Jamie C.; Duran, Jasmine L.; Taylor, Amanda R.

2007-01-01

235

Improving the Effectiveness of Virtual Teams by Adapting Team Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract  Results are presented from a study on virtual teams and whether appropriate early training can positively influence their effectiveness. Sixteen teams that worked together for periods ranging from three months to three years were studied. Team processes that emerged naturally from long-duration teams were formalized and taught to shorter duration teams. These shorter duration teams comprised three different cohorts, each

Daniel J. Rice; Barry D. Davidson; John F. Dannenhoffer; Geri K. Gay

2007-01-01

236

Team Cognition in Experienced Command-and-Control Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Team cognition in experienced command-and-control teams is examined in an UAV (Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle) simulation. Five 3-person teams with experience working together in a command-and-control setting were compared to 10 inexperienced teams. Each team participated in five 40-min missions of a simulation in which interdependent team members…

Cooke, Nancy J.; Gorman, Jamie C.; Duran, Jasmine L.; Taylor, Amanda R.

2007-01-01

237

A Team Approach to Behaviour Management: A Training Guide for SENCOs Working with Teacher Assistants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This training guide has been developed and written primarily for Special Educational Needs Co-Ordinators (SENCOs) in primary, secondary and special schools who manage the work of teaching assistants. It will also be of interest to other senior teachers or advisory staff who lead training in the area of behaviour management. There has been a…

Derrington, Chris; Groom, Barry

2004-01-01

238

Speeding Up Team Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study of 16 cardiac surgery teams looked at how the teams adapted to new ways of working. The challenge of team management is to implement new processes as quickly as possible. Steps for creating a learning team include selecting a mix of skills and expertise, framing the challenge, and creating an environment of psychological safety. (JOW)|

Edmondson, Amy; Bohmer, Richard; Pisano, Gary

2001-01-01

239

Teams in animal societies  

Microsoft Academic Search

We review the existence of teams in animal societies. Teams have previously been dismissed in all but a tiny minority of insect societies. ''Team'' is a term not generally used in studies of vertebrates. We propose a new rigorous definition of a team that may be applied to both vertebrate and invertebrate societies. We reconsider what it means to work

Carl Anderson; Nigel R. Franks

240

Preliminary Statistical Assessment of Intervention by a Palliative Care Team Working in a Japanese General Inpatient Unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effectiveness of intervention by the palliative care team at the University of Tokyo Hospital was assessed using the Support Team Assessment Schedule. During the study, 316 consecutive patients with malignant tumor disease were referred to the palliative care team, which assessed 11 physical symptoms. Results were tested by paired t test to calculate 95% confidence intervals comparing the mean

Satoru Iwase; Tadashi Murakami; Yuichiro Saito; Keiichi Nakagawa

2007-01-01

241

Team cognition in experienced command-and-control teams.  

PubMed

Team cognition in experienced command-and-control teams is examined in an UAV (Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle) simulation. Five 3-person teams with experience working together in a command-and-control setting were compared to 10 inexperienced teams. Each team participated in five 40-min missions of a simulation in which interdependent team members control a UAV to take reconnaissance photos. Experienced teams exceeded performance of inexperienced teams, suggesting transfer of previous command-and-control experience. Compared to inexperienced teams, experienced teams had fewer errors on process-related training knowledge, superior team process ratings, and communications containing fewer coordination-related utterances. These findings support the view that team cognition emerges through the interactions of team members, that interactions distinguish high-performing teams from average teams, and that these interactions transfer across different tasks. PMID:17924800

Cooke, Nancy J; Gorman, Jamie C; Duran, Jasmine L; Taylor, Amanda R

2007-09-01

242

Team Cognition in Experienced Command-and-Control Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Team cognition in experienced command-and-control teams is examined in an UAV (Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle) simulation. Five 3-person teams with experience working together in a command-and-control setting were compared to 10 inexperienced teams. Each team participated in five 40-min missions of a simulation in which interdependent team members control a UAV to take reconnaissance photos. Experienced teams exceeded performance of inexperienced

Nancy J. Cooke; Jamie C. Gorman; Jasmine L. Duran; Amanda R. Taylor

2007-01-01

243

Asian Tracer Experiment and Atmospheric Modeling (TEAM) Project: Draft Field Work Plan for the Asian Long-Range Tracer Experiment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides an experimental plan for a proposed Asian long-range tracer study as part of the international Tracer Experiment and Atmospheric Modeling (TEAM) Project. The TEAM partners are China, Japan, South Korea and the United States. Optimal t...

J. E. Flaherty K. J. Allwine

2007-01-01

244

[Team management of orofacial clefts].  

PubMed

In the Netherlands 15 centres provide multidisciplinary care for cleft lip and palate patients. Usually the following disciplines participate in such teams: paediatrics, plastic and reconstructive surgery, orthodontics, genetics, social work or nursing, ENT, speech therapy, maxillofacial surgery, prosthetic dentistry, psychology and oral hygiene. An overview is given of the treatment protocol from birth until 20 years of age for a child with a complete UCLP or BCLP. It is concluded that properly designed prospective clinical trials are rare, resulting in a lack of evidence based care in the field of cleft lip and palate. Furthermore it should be investigated whether it is preferable to centralise the cleft care in less centres than the present 15 ones. PMID:11383251

Kuijpers-Jagtman, A M; Borstlap-Engels, V M; Spauwen, P H; Borstlap, W A

2000-11-01

245

Team management of failure to thrive.  

PubMed

A multidisciplinary team approach to treatment of failure to thrive in infancy and early childhood permits the simultaneous consideration of nutritional, medical, and psychosocial risk factors associated with this complex syndrome. The registered dietitian works with the physician, nurse, and social worker to provide an integrated evaluation of nutrition history, feeding patterns, medical status, social situation, developmental level, and interactional qualities of the child with failure to thrive. Nutritional management of failure to thrive emphasizes: (a) ongoing assessment of nutritional status and rate of catch-up growth, including regular collection of anthropometric measurements; (b) provision of energy and protein in amounts sufficient to meet requirements for catch-up growth; and (c) concrete, individualized nutrition instruction. Long-term follow-up at regular intervals in coordination with other members of the failure-to-thrive team provides the opportunity to reinforce nutrition instruction and to reassess and adapt meal plans to meet the growing child's changing nutritional needs. PMID:6736509

Peterson, K E; Washington, J; Rathbun, J M

1984-07-01

246

Improving team effectiveness using tactical decision games  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the development of training in team-level decision making to lead to improvements in safety and performance. A one-day Workshop was developed around tactical decision games (TDGs) for use by action teams, i.e. involving a team of multi-disciplinary experts, in the oil and gas drilling industry. Three TDGs were conducted to help team members to rehearse how they

Margaret T. Crichton

2009-01-01

247

Computer-Based 3D Simulation: A Study of Communication Practices in a Trauma Team Performing Patient Examination and Diagnostic Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Diagnostic work in trauma teams is critical for the patient's condition and for the possibility of survival. It is a difficult situation to train due to the inherently unpredictable and time-critical practice when an injured patient presents in the Emergency Room (ER). Different types of simulations have been developed for specialized training of…

Krange, Ingeborg; Moen, Anne; Ludvigsen, Sten

2012-01-01

248

Effect of a French Experiment of Team Work between General Practitioners and Nurses on Efficacy and Cost of Type 2 Diabetes Patients Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to assess the efficacy and the cost of a French team work experiment between nurses and GPs for the managing of type 2 diabetes patients. Our study was based on a case control study design in which we compare the evolution of process (standard follow-up procedures) and final outcomes (glycemic control), and the evolution of cost. The

Julien Mousquèsa; Yann Bourgueil

249

Psychiatrists as treatment team leaders: Pitfalls and rewards  

Microsoft Academic Search

The multidisciplinary treatment team has become a conventional component of inpatient psychiatric care delivery. Treatment team dynamics and their implications for the patient, the team members, the organization, and the team leader in particular have been generally understated in the training of psychiatrists, however, as has its value as a model for learning about administration. This article highlights the history

Paul Rodenhauser

1996-01-01

250

Are real teams healthy teams?  

PubMed

This study examines the impact of real-team--as opposed to a team in name only--characteristics (i.e., team boundaries, stability of membership, and task interdependence) on team processes (i.e., team learning and emotional support) and team effectiveness in the long-term care sector. We employed a longitudinal survey in which the real-team characteristics and team processes were rated by team members, and team effectiveness was rated one year later by team members and managers. Our results show that team learning and emotional support are predictors of team effectiveness as rated by team members and managers. They also show that there is no such thing as a real team in the long-term care sector because each real-team characteristic has a different impact on team processes and effectiveness. Whereas one set of real-team characteristics (i.e., stability of membership) is beneficial for healthy team processes and team effectiveness, another set (i.e., team boundaries) has only an indirect effect on team effectiveness via team processes or is even detrimental (i.e., task interdependence). We conclude that more intensive teamwork in the long-term care sector will lead to better outcomes if this teamwork involves increased stability of membership and clarified team boundaries but not if it involves added task interdependency among team members. PMID:23650695

Buljac, Martina; Van Woerkom, Marianne; Van Wijngaarden, Jeroen D H

251

A multidisciplinary identification model for youth handball  

Microsoft Academic Search

Talent identification in team sports is complex and requires a multidisciplinary approach. The purpose of this study was to examine differences between elite and non-elite handball players in three age groups: U14 (n=186), U16 (n=150), and U18 (n=92). A multidimensional test battery was assessed, taking biological maturation into account. Significant maturation effects were found for all anthropometric characteristics and most

Stijn P. J. Matthys; Roel Vaeyens; Joric Vandendriessche; Barbara Vandorpe; Johan Pion; Aaron J. Coutts; Matthieu Lenoir; Renaat M. Philippaerts

2011-01-01

252

Leadership in Virtual Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today's organizations use virtual teams in order to respond to their dynamic environ- ments. Members in virtual teams geographically dispersed and coordinate their work predomi- nately via information and communication technology (ICT). Leadership in virtual teams need to redefined, it is surely different from the traditional one. In this paper we try to answer this question: How does ICT affect

Amin Kaboli; Mojtaba Tabari; Elham Kaboli

253

Improving Virtual Team Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

The foundation of successful software product development today is establishing an effective and efficient teamwork. In order to manage large software development projects it is needed to manage and coordinate virtual teams of programmers, engineers, business analysts and other project stakeholders. Trust is required for effective team communication. Presented software tool enhances cooperative work support by improving virtual team communication.

Kresimir Pripuzic; Luko Gjenero; Hrvoje Belani

2006-01-01

254

A case history of multi-disciplinary integration in an offshore Indonesian field  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the first in a 2-part series describing the case history of how a multi-disciplinary team (MDT) used a 3-D survey and a reservoir simulation to review and revise the development plans for the BM platform, located in the B Field, Offshore Northwest Java, Indonesia. Part 1 of this series discusses the multi-disciplinary team`s (MDT) petrophysical, geologic, geophysical and

D. Cooke; A. Aziz; N. Diswarin

1997-01-01

255

The influence of superleader behaviors on organization commitment, job satisfaction and organization self-esteem in a self-managed work team  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper was to examine the impact of superleader behaviors in self-managed work teams, on organization commitment, job satisfaction and organization self-esteem. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Data were collected on-site over a period of three days from employees working in a non-union paper mill located in a small rural community in the northwestern region of the USA.

David F. Elloy

2005-01-01

256

The role of interdisciplinary team approach in the management of the diabetic foot: a joint statement from the Society for Vascular Surgery and the American Podiatric Medical Association.  

PubMed

The Society for Vascular Surgery (SVS) and the American Podiatric Medical Association (APMA) recognize the beneficial impact of a multidisciplinary team approach on the care of patients with critical limb ischemia, especially in the diabetic population. As a first step in identifying clinical issues and questions important to both memberships, and to work together to find solutions that will benefit the shared patient, the two organizations appointed a representative group to write a joint statement on the importance of multidisciplinary team approach to the care of the diabetic foot. PMID:20488327

Sumpio, Bauer E; Armstrong, David G; Lavery, Lawrence A; Andros, George

2010-06-01

257

The role of interdisciplinary team approach in the management of the diabetic foot: a joint statement from the Society for Vascular Surgery and the American Podiatric Medical Association.  

PubMed

The Society for Vascular Surgery (SVS) and the American Podiatric Medical Association (APMA) recognize the beneficial impact of a multidisciplinary team approach on the care of patients with critical limb ischemia, especially in the diabetic population. As a first step in identifying clinical issues and questions important to both memberships, and to work together to find solutions that will benefit the shared patient, the two organizations appointed a representative group to write a joint statement on the importance of multidisciplinary team approach to the care of the diabetic foot. PMID:20660885

Sumpio, Bauer E; Armstrong, David G; Lavery, Lawrence A; Andros, George

258

'They stand you in a corner; you are not to speak': nurses tell of abusive indoctrination in work teams dominated by bullies.  

PubMed

This paper reports some of the findings from the first qualitative stage of a large national study of bullying in the nursing workplace currently being undertaken in Australia. The findings reported here reveal how relationships between bullies were embedded within informal organizational alliances, enabling bullies to control work teams and use emotional abuse and psychological violence as a means of enforcing bully-defined 'rules of work'. Within nursing teams, bullies controlled work roles, tasks, and status in the nursing hierarchy through enforcing their 'rules'. Bullies enforced these rules through a process of ritual indoctrination, destroying the self-confidence and self-image of those targeted, and forcing them to eventually resign their position or acquiesce to survive. The merciless, calculated and deliberate nature of the bullying resulted in profound harm for many of those targeted. The findings of this research have implications for the understanding and management of workplace bullying. PMID:16696605

Hutchinson, Marie; Vickers, Margaret H; Jackson, Debra; Wilkes, Lesley

2006-05-01

259

Sustainability of return to work in sick-listed employees with low-back pain. Two-year follow-up in a randomized clinical trial comparing multidisciplinary and brief intervention  

PubMed Central

Background Sick-listed employees with low back pain had similar return to work (RTW) rates at one-year follow-up in a randomized trial comparing two interventions, but the effects were modified by specific workplace related factors. The present study addressed the sustainability of the intervention effects by performing a two-year follow-up and by using different outcome measures. Methods A total of 351 employees sick-listed for 3–16 weeks due to LBP were recruited from their general practitioners and were randomly allocated to a hospital-based brief or multidisciplinary intervention. Outcome measures were based on sick leave registered in a national database of social and health-related benefits. RTW rates, RTW status, sick leave weeks and sick leave relapse were studied. Results During the two-year follow-up 80.0% and 77.3% had RTW for at least four weeks continuously, and the percentages with RTW at the 104th week were 61.1% and 58.0% in the brief and multidisciplinary intervention groups, respectively. At the 104th week 16.6% and 18.8% were on sick leave in the two groups, respectively, and about 12% were employed in modified jobs or participated in job training. The number of weeks on sick leave in the first year was significantly lower in the brief intervention group (median 14 weeks) than in the multidisciplinary intervention group (median 20 weeks), but during the second year the number of weeks on sick leave were not significantly different between intervention groups. Subgroups characterised by specific work related factors modified the effect of the intervention groups on RTW rates (p?=?0.017). No difference in sick leave relapse was found between the intervention groups. Conclusion The effects of the brief and multidisciplinary interventions at the two-year follow-up were in general similar to the effects at one-year follow-up. Trial Registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN18609003

2012-01-01

260

Study protocol of effectiveness of a biopsychosocial multidisciplinary intervention in the evolution of non-speficic sub-acute low back pain in the working population: cluster randomised trial  

PubMed Central

Background Non-specific low back pain is a common cause for consultation with the general practitioner, generating increased health and social costs. This study will analyse the effectiveness of a multidisciplinary intervention to reduce disability, severity of pain, anxiety and depression, to improve quality of life and to reduce the incidence of chronic low back pain in the working population with non-specific low back pain, compared to usual clinical care. Methods/Design A Cluster randomised clinical trial will be conducted in 38 Primary Health Care Centres located in Barcelona, Spain and its surrounding areas. The centres are randomly allocated to the multidisciplinary intervention or to usual clinical care. Patients between 18 and 65 years old (n = 932; 466 per arm) and with a diagnostic of a non-specific sub-acute low back pain are included. Patients in the intervention group are receiving the recommendations of clinical practice guidelines, in addition to a biopsychosocial multidisciplinary intervention consisting of group educational sessions lasting a total of 10 hours. The main outcome is change in the score in the Roland Morris disability questionnaire at three months after onset of pain. Other outcomes are severity of pain, quality of life, duration of current non-specific low back pain episode, work sick leave and duration, Fear Avoidance Beliefs and Goldberg Questionnaires. Outcomes will be assessed at baseline, 3, 6 and 12 months. Analysis will be by intention to treat. The intervention effect will be assessed through the standard error of measurement and the effect-size. Responsiveness of each scale will be evaluated by standardised response mean and receiver-operating characteristic method. Recovery according to the patient will be used as an external criterion. A multilevel regression will be performed on repeated measures. The time until the current episode of low back pain takes to subside will be analysed by Cox regression. Discussion We hope to provide evidence of the effectiveness of the proposed biopsychosocial multidisciplinary intervention in avoiding the chronification of low back pain, and to reduce the duration of non-specific low back pain episodes. If the intervention is effective, it could be applied to Primary Health Care Centres. Trial Registration ISRCTN21392091

2010-01-01

261

A pilot study on the effects of a team building process on the perception of work environment in an integrative hospital for neurological rehabilitation  

PubMed Central

Background Neurological rehabilitation is one of the most care-intensive challenges in the health care system requiring specialist therapeutic and nursing knowledge. In this descriptive pilot study, we investigated the effects of a team building process on perceived work environment, self-ascribed professional competence, life satisfaction, and client satisfaction in an anthroposophic specialized hospital for neurological rehabilitation. The team-building process consisted of didactic instruction and training in problem-solving, teambuilding and constructive conflict resolution. Methods Seventy seven staff members and 44 patients' relatives were asked to complete a survey that included the Work Environment Scale (WES-10), a Life Satisfaction Scale (BMLSS), the Conviction of Therapeutic Competency (CTC) scale and the Client Satisfaction Questionnaire (CSQ-8). To evaluate the outcome of the team building process, we analyzed changes over time in the WES-10 subscales. Additionally the interrelationship between the WES-10 subscales with other subscales and with sociodemographic parameters like age, gender was calculated by means of a bivariate correlation analysis. Results The team building process had a significant positive effect on perceived work environment in only one area. There was a significant improvement in the ward staffs' perception of their ability to constructively resolve conflicts 3 years after inception of the team building process than there was before inception. However, even in a unit that utilized holistic treatment and nursing in the care of severely disable patients, such care necessitating a very heavy workload, the measurements on the Self Realization, Life Satisfaction and Conviction of Therapeutic Competency scales remained high and unchanged over the three year time period of the study. Conclusions Strategic interventions might be an option to improve interpersonal relationships and finally quality of patient care.

2010-01-01

262

Team Up!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students explore the physical and psychological effect of stress and tension on human beings. They develop their observing, thinking, writing and teamwork skills by working on a group art project and reporting about it. They learn about the stages of group formation, group dynamics and team member roles that make for effective teams. In the process, they discover how collective action can foster a sense of community support, which can alleviate personal feelings of stress and tension. Note: The literacy activities for the Mechanics unit are based on physical themes that have broad application to our experience in the world â concepts of rhythm, balance, spin, gravity, levity, inertia, momentum, friction, stress and tension.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

263

American Bar Association Supplementary Guidelines for the Mitigation Function of Defense Teams in Death Penalty Cases: Implications for Social Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When a client faces a penalty of death, defense attorneys may call on social workers in many capacities: mitigation specialist, expert witness, consulting specialist, direct witness, or defense-initiated victim outreach worker. The American Bar Association set forth standards for capital defense attorneys, which led an interdisciplinary team to…

Andrews, Arlene Bowers

2012-01-01

264

Report on the investigation by fuels and lubricants teams at the I. G. Farbenindustrie A. G. Leuna Works, Merseberg, Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

This extensive document is a compilation of reports by members of British and American teams. The articles deal with all phases of fuel and oil production at Leuna. The articles on synthetic lubricating oil manufacture and on brown coal and brown coal tar hydrogenation were the most detailed, including process equipment, catalyst preparation, and operating conditions. Descriptions for the manufacture

Holroyd

1946-01-01

265

American Bar Association Supplementary Guidelines for the Mitigation Function of Defense Teams in Death Penalty Cases: Implications for Social Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When a client faces a penalty of death, defense attorneys may call on social workers in many capacities: mitigation specialist, expert witness, consulting specialist, direct witness, or defense-initiated victim outreach worker. The American Bar Association set forth standards for capital defense attorneys, which led an interdisciplinary team to…

Andrews, Arlene Bowers

2012-01-01

266

The Role of a Shared Mental Model of Collaboration Technology in Facilitating Knowledge Work in Virtual Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

We studied 52 field examples interaction breakdown in information technology project virtual teams and actions leaders took to fix it using information and communication technologies (ICTs). We found that leader success related to aspects of shared mental model (SMM) theory, particularly the equipment\\/technology (e\\/t) model. Our literature review shows that prior research has missed the critical impact of this SMM

Dominic M. Thomas; Robert P. Bostrom

2007-01-01

267

How Working in Cross-Functional Teams Relates to Core Attributes of Professional Occupations and the Moderating Role of Personality  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we related the extent to which professional workers participate in cross-functional teams (CFTs) to 3 facets of professional occupations: domain distinctiveness, accountability, and task autonomy. Furthermore, we investigated whether these relationships are moderated by 3 personality traits: extraversion, emotional stability, and openness to experience. The data were collected using a survey involving 2,068 Dutch medical specialists. The

Eric Molleman; Manda Broekhuis

2012-01-01

268

Mother Died Today or Maybe Yesterday: Reflections of L'etranger on Team?Based Forms of Work Organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most enduring images of late twentieth?century popular culture was the individualist and iconoclastic portrayal of the ‘grumpy old man’ Victor Meldrew in the BBC television series One Foot in the Grave. Richard Wilson's portrayal of the recently retired security worker is the antithesis of everything that contemporary organizations require from the idealized vision of employee as ‘team?player’.

Terry Wallace

2007-01-01

269

A Team Education Project: An Evaluation of a Collaborative Education and Practice Development in a Continuing Care Unit for Older People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation of multidisciplinary team teaching about ongoing bereavement in an eldercare unit found that participants appreciated opportunities to discuss their experiences. Practice changes were observed in listening and receiving suggestions, although no changes were made in the way they worked with residents. (Contains 26 references.) (SK)

Holman, Cheryl; Jackson, Sue

2001-01-01

270

Developing a Parent-Professional Team Leadership Model in Group Work: Work with Families with Children Experiencing Behavioral and Emotional Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Building on the respective strengths of parent-led and professional-led groups, a parent-professional team leadership model for group interventions was developed and evaluated for families of youths with emotional and behavioral problems. The model was developed based on feedback from 26 parents in focus group sessions and recommendations from…

Ruffolo, Mary C.; Kuhn, Mary T.; Evans, Mary E.

2006-01-01

271

Harnessing members' positive mood for team-directed learning behaviour and team innovation: The moderating role of perceived team feedback  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the role of individual team members' positive mood and perceived team feedback for their team-directed learning behaviour. Results obtained in a sample of 186 members from 27 work teams showed that positive mood was positively associated with team-directed learning behaviour if individual members perceived that the feedback they received was based on the performance of the team

Frank Walter; Gerben S. van der Vegt

2012-01-01

272

How Team Effectiveness Impacts the Quality of Solutions to Open-Ended Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABET requires that engineering graduates be able to work on multi-disciplinary teams and apply mathematics and science when solving engineering problems. One manner of integrating teamwork and engineering contexts in a first-year foundation engineering course is through the use of Model-Eliciting Activities (MEAs) - realistic, client-driven problems based on the theoretical framework of models and modeling. This paper looks at

Tamara J. Moore; Heidi A. Diefes-Dux; P. K. Imbrie

273

MedMyst: Animal Alert! Students learn how epidemiologists, microbiologists, and veterinarians work as a team to solve infectious disease outbreaks.  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In MedMyst: Animal Alert!, players learn about a mysterious disease that is affecting people in a distant tropical region. Players can choose to work as an epidemiologist, microbiologist, or veterinarian to determine what is making people sick. Animal Alert! can be played after Disease Defenders or independently of that mission. While role-playing as an expert, players will learn how epidemiologists, microbiologists, and veterinarians work as a team to solve infectious disease outbreaks. Each expert path has its own learning objectives.

Learning, Center F.

2011-01-01

274

Multidisciplinary approach to infection control for combat casualties.  

PubMed

A multidisciplinary team approach is a necessity when caring for the wounded warriors, especially in matters of infection control. Healthcare providers can be very resourceful. The healthcare team at an echelon 5 military treatment facility made changes in their infection control practices to prevent cross-contamination of a multidrug resistant bacterium. Each member was a vital part in the decision-making process to change behavior and old habits. PMID:19092511

Cilento, Barbara; Culbertson, Colleen L; Gallagher, Alison L

275

Multidisciplinary management: why me?  

PubMed

Laboratory professionals are being asked more and more frequently to spread their wings and take on additional responsibilities in the form of multidisciplinary management. Multidisciplinary management can be described as the management of multiple departments with one or more being outside of the traditional laboratory department, such as respiratory care, pharmacy, radiology, or cardiodiagnostics. Reasons behind the trend in multidisciplinary management and why laboratory professionals often are asked to assume these roles will be explored. This column will cover how laboratory managers can prepare for the challenges of multidisciplinary management, what skills are necessary for these new roles, and how to prepare yourself to be the candidate of choice for these positions when they develop. Challenges often encountered will be discussed, including suggestions on how to turn potential difficulties into positive growth experiences. Hopefully, at the conclusion, you will be able to answer the question "Why me?"--either in the form of "Why have I been asked to take on this role?" or "Why might I want to pursue such a role with enthusiasm?" PMID:12046275

Wetenkamp, Vicki

276

Multidisciplinary medical identification of a French king’s head (Henri IV)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Philippe Charlier and a multidisciplinary team explain how they confirmed an embalmed head to be that of the French king Henry IV using a combination of anthropological, paleopathological, radiological, forensic, and genetic techniques

Philippe Charlier; Isabelle Huynh-Charlier; Joël Poupon; Christine Keyser; Eloïse Lancelot; Dominique Favier; Jean-Noël Vignal; Philippe Sorel; Pierre F Chaillot; Rosa Boano; Renato Grilletto; Sylvaine Delacourte; Jean-Michel Duriez; Yves Loublier; Paola Campos; Eske Willerslev; M T P Gilbert; Leslie Eisenberg; Bertrand Ludes; Geoffroy Lorin de la Grandmaison

2010-01-01

277

"Just working in a team was a great experience…" - Student perspectives on the learning experiences of an interprofessional education program.  

PubMed

Interprofessional education (IPE) programs aim to improve collaboration between health- and social-care professionals and to optimize clinical outcomes. Such programs are complex to design, and evaluation of effectiveness is difficult. Combining qualitative and quantitative data may provide greater understanding of how a program affects participants and what aspects are influential on attitudes and behavior. This qualitative study used semi-structured interviews and interpretative phenomenological analysis to explore undergraduate student perspectives on what attributes of a 4-week IPE program they considered contributed to a successful learning experience. Due to the fact that the students were not formally assessed, the realistic context of the activities and the quality of the facilitators created an environment where the students felt empowered to interact freely without fear of reproach. Learning the roles of other professions and their contribution to a healthcare team broadened the students' perspectives on healthcare and increased their sense of self-worth and pride in their professions. In addition, being able to identify the relevance of the learning experience to their future practice motivated the students. This information can be used to create optimal learning environments for facilitating the development of successful future healthcare teams. PMID:23421342

Mellor, Rebecca; Cottrell, Neil; Moran, Monica

2013-02-19

278

TQM for technical teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

roject teams are the dominant way of organizing for developing software. What software project teams do concerning quality (or not), determines how their software turns out, and how well their organization succeeds as a whole. A software organization where no teams are working on quality--on doing better for themselves, their customers, and their organization--ca nnot realistically aspire to being world-class.

Richard E. Zultner

1993-01-01

279

A relational conceptual framework for multidisciplinary health research centre infrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although multidisciplinary and team-based approaches are increasingly acknowledged as necessary to address some of the most pressing contemporary health challenges, many researchers struggle with a lack of infrastructure to facilitate and formalise the requisite collaborations. Specialised research centres have emerged as an important organisational solution, yet centre productivity and sustainability are frequently dictated by the availability and security of infrastructure

Stephanie E Coen; Joan L Bottorff; Joy L Johnson; Pamela A Ratner

2010-01-01

280

Multidisciplinary approach to reclamation of abandoned refuse sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Staunton 1 Reclamation Demonstration Project involves an evaluation of the reclamation process at an abandoned coal mine refuse site in southwestern Illinois. A multidisciplinary team of scientists and engineers selected the site, collected baseline environmental data, determined the final land use, and developed and implemented detailed engineering plans. Refuse material at the 34-acre site was recontoured and covered to

S. Zellmer; M. Wilkey

1979-01-01

281

Integrating Technical Editing Students into a Multidisciplinary Engineering Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents a three-year experiment in integrating technical editing students into a multidisciplinary engineering design project that developed several way of helping students apply classroom learning to practical problems. Discusses how engineering students formed Integrated Product Teams and the technical editing students provided editorial…

Norman, Rose; Frederick, Robert A.

2000-01-01

282

Shared learning for primary health care teams: a success story.  

PubMed

This paper sets out an educational model for shared learning for professionals working in primary health care teams (PHCTs). It presents an outline of an experiential educational programme using a simulated learning exercise based on a genogram. Multidisciplinary programmes are inherently problematic and tend to be ad hoc in their choice of educational theory. It was therefore our intention to discover the educational principles and theory that underpinned our innovative educational experience and to offer some fundamental criteria for the planning of future shared learning sessions in PHCTs. The process chosen to make the theory explicit was, 'reflecting on a critical incident' (Reed & Proctor 1993, Tripp 1993). PMID:9277164

Howkins, E; Allison, A

1997-06-01

283

To do or not to do: use of the scope of professional practice in accident and emergency work  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Scope of Professional Practice has the potential to revolutionise the practice of Accident and Emergency nursing. However, for such a revolution to take place re-evaluation of the thinking and doing of Accident and Emergency nursing is needed. In particular, many organisational approaches to work such as team-building and multidisciplinary work need to be recognised and the place of the

L. Sbaih

1995-01-01

284

Enhancing quality improvement team effectiveness.  

PubMed

Quality improvement teams are different from other work groups in their purpose, leadership, membership, training, procedures, and dynamics. To have effective quality improvement teams, health care organizations must focus on six key process variables, with particular attention to group dynamics. Quality improvement teams progress through the "traditional" stages of team development--forming, storming, norming, and performing--with a "special stage" of closing. Within each stage, there are two core dimensions--team process ("relationship" issues) and the project itself ("task" issues)--and critical tasks that need to be performed by the Quality Council, team members, team leader, and the facilitator. PMID:10130709

Mosel, D; Shamp, M J

1993-01-01

285

Coordinated multidisciplinary care for ambulatory Huntington's disease patients. Evaluation of 18 months of implementation  

PubMed Central

Background A multidisciplinary outpatient department was set up in the northern part of the Netherlands because of a local lack of adequate treatment and care for Huntington's disease (HD)patients. Outreaching multidisciplinary care is a novel way to optimise functioning and quality of life of HD patients. The vast majority of patients want to stay home as long as possible. Huntington's disease is a devastating neurodegenerative disorder leading to complete disability and long term residence in a specialised institution. In this paper we outline this new type of treatment and give the results of 1.5 year, we also present the results of an inquiry on the appreciation of the working method. Methods In the first project half (1.5 yr) 28 patients were seen as had been anticipated. The multidisciplinary team consisting of an institutional physician, a psychologist, a speech and language therapist, a social worker, an occupational therapist and a case manager, assesses the stage of the disease and formulates, coordinates and implements the individual care and treatment plan in the home situation. After 1.5 year a questionnaire on the appreciation of the department was sent to patients, caregivers, healthcare professionals, the lay organisation and Dutch "experts in the field". Results For the 28 HD patients a total of 242 problems and actions were verbalised in the care plan, which was accepted by the majority of the patients. Especially informal caregivers, the lay organisation and the Dutch "experts in the field" were enthusiastic on the outreaching and multidisciplinary nature of the department. The verdict over the continuance of the clinic was positive and unanimous. Conclusions We concluded that coordinating outreaching multidisciplinary care from an outpatient clinic into the dwelling place of the patient is feasible and appreciated.

2011-01-01

286

Incorporating Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) knowledge and skills into the daily work of police officers: a focus group study.  

PubMed

This qualitative focus group study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) training for police officers. Thematic analysis of transcripts of focus group discussions revealed that officers report increased knowledge of mental illnesses (which manifests as an improved ability to recognize and respond, reduced stereotyping/stigmatization, greater empathy toward consumers and their caregivers, more patience when dealing with consumers, and fewer arrests/more redirection toward treatment), as well as practical application of learned skills (evidenced by an ability to put individuals with mental illnesses at ease, reduced unpredictability of the crisis situation, and reduced risk of injury). Results highlight the potential for collaboration between law enforcement (and other public safety/criminal justice professions) and the mental health professions in the expanding CIT collaborative model. PMID:18465226

Hanafi, Sonya; Bahora, Masuma; Demir, Berivan N; Compton, Michael T

2008-05-09

287

Design and Parametric Sizing of Deep Space Habitats Supporting NASA'S Human Space Flight Architecture Team.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

NASA's Human Space Flight Architecture Team (HAT) is a multi-disciplinary, cross-agency study team that conducts strategic analysis of integrated development approaches for human and robotic space exploration architectures. During each analysis cycle, HAT...

D. Smitherman G. Spexarth L. Toups M. Simon

2012-01-01

288

A multiple case study: The perceptions and experiences of four research scientist-science teacher teams, in a Scientific Work Experience Program for Teachers (SWEPT)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientific Work Experience Programs for Teachers (SWEPT) are a form of professional development that engages science teachers in real-world science. The teacher undertakes research in the expectation of being able to involve students in similar, inquiry-based activities back in the classroom. At the heart of each program is a mentored relationship between a teacher and a research scientist who collaborate to introduce some aspects of their research to the teacher's students. Qualitative research methodology, following frameworks designed by Stringer (1999), was used by the researcher to study four research scientist-science teacher teams as they interacted in a program known as the Federal Laboratories' Involvement in Research in Science and Technology for Science Teacher Enhancement Project (FIRST STEP). Three research questions were explored. First, what was the nature of the events, activities, and interactions within which the key features of their collaboration were embedded? Second, how did the participants perceive the effectiveness of their experience working together as a team? Third, how did participants' interpretations of their experiences relate to what was described in the literature? The outcomes of the research, based on four case studies, appeared to challenge some aspects of scientific work experience programs as detailed in the literature. The key feature to emerge was the importance of offering such programs to committed teachers, not necessarily with strong science backgrounds, but with a love of learning so that the scientific literacy of their students would be positively impacted. The mentored relationship between scientist and teacher did not necessarily have to be established ahead of time or to be based on "chemistry" between the participants but it did require commitment and enthusiasm from them both. The study confirmed that it was essential for each team to have common goals and that they focus their research effort to produce some form of curriculum material that the teacher would use with students.

Wilson, Herbert Craig

2001-12-01

289

Team management in the NHS--what is it all about?  

PubMed

Multidisciplinary management teams were a significant new element in the 1974 reorganisation of the National Health Service. It was a development which in the run-up to reorganisation (and since) commanded considerable interest and, in some cases, scepticism. (R.G.S. Brown et al, 1973, 40.) Although there had been experiments in team management before the change, particularly in hospital authorities, there was no national blueprint describing their composition and method of working. This was the new factor introduced in 1974 and management teams were established at region, area and district levels. Management teams are now five years old. Most had their first meeting before the appointed day in April 1974 and there is now a fair body of experience on which to draw to make a considered evaluation of their contribution to the management of the NHS. PMID:10244602

Haywood, S

1979-10-01

290

Development of a brief multidisciplinary education programme for patients with osteoarthritis  

PubMed Central

Background Osteoarthritis (OA) is a prevalent progressive musculoskeletal disorder, leading to pain and disability. Patient information and education are considered core elements in treatment guidelines for OA; however, there is to our knowledge no evidence-based recommendation on the best approach, content or length on educational programmes in OA. Objective: to develop a brief, patient oriented disease specific multidisciplinary education programme (MEP) to enhance self-management in patients with OA. Method Twelve persons (80% female mean age 59 years) diagnosed with hand, hip or knee OA participated in focus group interviews. In the first focus group, six participants were interviewed about their educational needs, attitudes and expectations for the MEP. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and thereafter condensed. Based on results from focus group interviews, current research evidence, clinical knowledge and patients' experience, a multidisciplinary OA team (dietist, nurse, occupational therapist, pharmacist, physical therapist and rheumatologist) and a patient representative developed a pilot-MEP after having attended a work-shop in health pedagogics. Finally, the pilot-MEP was evaluated by a second focus group consisting of four members from the first focus group and six other experienced patients, before final adjustments were made. Results The focus group interviews revealed four important themes: what is OA, treatment options, barriers and coping strategies in performing daily activities, and how to live with osteoarthritis. Identified gaps between patient expectations and experience with the pilot-programme were discussed and adapted into a final MEP. The final MEP was developed as a 3.5 hour educational programme provided in groups of 6-9 patients. All members from the multidisciplinary team are involved in the education programme, including a facilitator who during the provision of the programme ensures that the individual questions are addressed. As part of an ongoing process, a patient representative regularly attends the MEP and gives feedback concerning content and perceived value. Conclusion A MEP has been developed to enhance self-management in patients with OA attending a multidisciplinary OA outpatient clinic. The effectiveness of the MEP followed by individual consultations with members of the multidisciplinary team is currently evaluated in a randomised controlled trial with respect to patient satisfaction and functioning.

2011-01-01

291

MedMyst Disease Defenders. Students learn how experts work as a team to solve infectious disease outbreaks while using the scientific method.  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a problem-based learning adventure game in which players investigate infectious disease outbreaks. By interacting with professionals in the field and in the laboratory, players learn about the science of infectious disease and real medical science careers. Players can choose to train with an epidemiologist, microbiologist, or veterinarian to learn how these experts work as a team to solve infectious disease outbreaks while using the scientific method. Each expert path has its own learning objectives and stresses different parts of the scientific method. Key topics covered in this game: Scientific method, science process skills, rabies, necropsy, case-control study. Also available in Spanish.

Learning, Center F.

2010-01-01

292

Vocational rehabilitation: a multidisciplinary intervention.  

PubMed

Vocational rehabilitation is by definition a multidisciplinary intervention in a process linked to the facilitation of return to work or to the prevention of loss of the work. Clinical staff in contact with a person who has lost his job (general practitioner, specialized physician) must promote vocational rehabilitation. Medical rehabilitation for those with disabilities, whether new or old, has to be followed without delay by vocational rehabilitation. It is even better if these two intertwined processes are overlapping. They involve many professionals including physiotherapists, occupational therapists, psychologists, vocational trainers, job counsellors, teachers, case-managers, job placement agencies. Vocational rehabilitation has a financial cost, borne by many state organizations (security, social system, social affairs) as well as by employers and private insurances, which are in case of accident, concerned by this process. However, the evidence suggests that this is recouped 2- to 10-fold as suggested by the British Society of Rehabilitation Medicine. PMID:17729086

Gobelet, C; Luthi, F; Al-Khodairy, A T; Chamberlain, M A

2007-09-15

293

A Faculty Team Works to Create Content Linkages among Various Courses to Increase Meaningful Learning of Targeted Concepts of Microbiology  

Microsoft Academic Search

As research faculty with expertise in the area of host-pathogen interactions (HPI), we used a research group model to effect our professional development as scientific educators. We have established a working hypothesis: The implementation of a curriculum that forms bridges between our seven HPI courses allows our students to achieve deep and meaningful learning of HPI concepts. Working collaboratively, we

Gili Marbach-Ad; Volker Briken; Kenneth Frauwirth; Lian-Yong Gao; Steven W. Hutcheson; Sam W. Joseph; David Mosser; Beth Parent; Patricia Shields; Wenxia Song; Daniel C. Stein; Karen Swanson; Katerina V. Thompson; Robert Yuan; Ann C. Smith

2007-01-01

294

Care Management by Nurse Practitioner/Hospitalist Team.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

With the challenges of managed care capitation in academic medical centers the purpose of this study was to provide nurse/physician collaboration to enhance continuity of care, multidisciplinary team-based planning, expedited discharge, and assessment pos...

M. J. Cowan M. Shapiro R. D. Hays A. Afifi S. Vazirani S. L. Ettner

2004-01-01

295

A multidisciplinary job retention vocational rehabilitation programme for patients with chronic rheumatic diseases: patients' and occupational physicians' satisfaction  

PubMed Central

Objective: To investigate patients' and occupational physicians' satisfaction with the quality of a vocational rehabilitation programme for maintaining work ability in chronic rheumatic diseases. Methods: The vocational rehabilitation programme was developed for patients with rheumatic diseases and consisted of systematic assessment of the problems at work and the development of individual solutions. The programme was run by a multidisciplinary team comprising a rheumatologist, a social worker, a physical and occupational therapist, and a psychologist. Satisfaction ratings were measured using a multidimensional questionnaire involving a rating scale (0–10) and a structured telephone interview. Results: 59 of the 65 patients who participated in the programme (91%) completed the questionnaire. Patients were most satisfied with the interpersonal approach and professional knowledge, and least satisfied with the waiting time for the final report and the practical application of the given advice. Mean satisfaction score was 7.3 (SD 1.0). Twenty eight of the occupational physicians involved were interviewed. They were satisfied with the programme overall; 21 (75%) stated that their role in the vocational rehabilitation process could be defined more clearly, and they would appreciate more contact with the team members, preferably in the early phases. Conclusions: Patients' and occupational physicians' satisfaction with a multidisciplinary vocational rehabilitation programme was good. Areas for improvement mainly concerned the speed of the process and the communication between team members and occupational physicians.

de Buck, P D M; Breedveld, J; van der Giesen, F J; Vliet, V

2004-01-01

296

Working Together: From School-Based Collaborative Teams to School-Community-Higher Education Connections. An Introductory Packet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This packet is designed to help in the development of collaborative efforts for educational improvement. "Working Together with Others To Enhance Programs and Resources" (from the Center for Mental Health in Schools) is the first selection. This discussion emphasizes that effectiveness is the real point of collaboration, and it explores the…

California Univ., Los Angeles. Center for Mental Health Schools.

297

A Faculty Team Works to Create Content Linkages among Various Courses to Increase Meaningful Learning of Targeted Concepts of Microbiology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As research faculty with expertise in the area of host-pathogen interactions (HPI), we used a research group model to effect our professional development as scientific educators. We have established a working hypothesis: The implementation of a curriculum that forms bridges between our seven HPI courses allows our students to achieve deep and…

Marbach-Ad, Gili; Briken, Volker; Frauwirth, Kenneth; Gao, Lian-Yong; Hutcheson, Steven W.; Joseph, Sam W.; Mosser, David; Parent, Beth; Shields, Patricia; Song, Wenxia; Stein, Daniel C.; Swanson, Karen; Thompson, Katerina V.; Yuan, Robert; Smith, Ann C.

2007-01-01

298

Challenges of Trainees in a Multidisciplinary Research Program: Nano-Biotechnology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The breadth of knowledge required for the multidisciplinary field of nanotechnology challenges and extends traditional concepts of multidisciplinary graduate education. There is a paucity of information, both general reporting and peer-reviewed studies, on the challenges for graduate students working in this multidisciplinary paradigm, from the…

Kriegel, Christina; Koehne, Jessica; Tinkle, Sally; Maynard, Andrew D.; Hill, Rodney A.

2011-01-01

299

Software to support business teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organizations are increasingly using the “business team” concept to gain competitive advantage. Collaboration support software is gaining acceptance as a viable tool among both researchers and practitioners, and an opportunity exists to investigate the specific needs of teams: users working in longitudinal time frames on a variety of tasks. In this article, team software requirements are first derived from a

Joline Morrison; Mike Morrison; Doug Vogel

1992-01-01

300

Finding the team for Mars: a psychological and human factors analysis of a Mars Desert Research Station crew.  

PubMed

A two-week mission in March and April of 2011 sent six team members to the Mars Desert Research Station (MDRS). MDRS, a research facility in the high Utah desert, provides an analogue for the harsh and unusual working conditions that will be faced by men and women who one day explore Mars. During the mission a selection of quantitative and qualitative psychological tests were administered to the international, multidisciplinary team. A selection of the results are presented along with discussion. PMID:22317591

Sawyer, Benjamin D; Hancock, P A; Deaton, John; Suedfeld, Peter

2012-01-01

301

Coordinating Expertise in Software Development Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Like all teams, knowledge teams must acquire and manage critical resources in order to accomplish their work. The most critical resource for knowledge teams is expertise, or specialized skills and knowledge, but the mere presence of expertise on a team is insufficient to produce high-quality work. Expertise must be managed and coordinated in order to leverage its potential. That is,

Samer Faraj; Lee Sproull

2000-01-01

302

Team Agreement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To analyze how schools place students into special education, 66 case discussions were transcribed and assessment team members interviewed. Ways in which team participants weigh statements were examined through a taxonomy of their perceptions of learning disabilities and a match of the meeting discussions to subsequent placement decisions in light…

Sweeney, Cheryl

303

Study protocol of cost-effectiveness and cost-utility of a biopsychosocial multidisciplinary intervention in the evolution of non-specific sub-acute low back pain in the working population: cluster randomised trial  

PubMed Central

Background Low back pain (LBP), with high incidence and prevalence rate, is one of the most common reasons to consult the health system and is responsible for a significant amount of sick leave, leading to high health and social costs. The objective of the study is to assess the cost-effectiveness and cost-utility analysis of a multidisciplinary biopsychosocial educational group intervention (MBEGI) of non-specific sub-acute LBP in comparison with the usual care in the working population recruited in primary healthcare centres. Methods/design The study design is a cost-effectiveness and cost-utility analysis of a MBEGI in comparison with the usual care of non-specific sub-acute LBP. Measures on effectiveness and costs of both interventions will be obtained from a cluster randomised controlled clinical trial carried out in 38 Catalan primary health care centres, enrolling 932 patients between 18 and 65 years old with a diagnosis of non-specific sub-acute LBP. Effectiveness measures are: pharmaceutical treatments, work sick leave (% and duration in days), Roland Morris disability, McGill pain intensity, Fear Avoidance Beliefs (FAB) and Golberg Questionnaires. Utility measures will be calculated from the SF-12. The analysis will be performed from a social perspective. The temporal horizon is at 3 months (change to chronic LBP) and 12 months (evaluate the outcomes at long term). Assessment of outcomes will be blinded and will follow the intention-to-treat principle. Discussion We hope to demonstrate the cost-effectiveness and cost-utility of MBEGI, see an improvement in the patients' quality of life, achieve a reduction in the duration of episodes and the chronicity of non-specific low back pain, and be able to report a decrease in the social costs. If the intervention is cost-effectiveness and cost-utility, it could be applied to Primary Health Care Centres. Trial registration ISRCTN: ISRCTN58719694

2011-01-01

304

Team-Based Learning and Open-Book Quizzes: Determining What Works in an Introductory Geoscience Course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Concepts in Geology (EES 345) is an inquiry-based ten-week geoscience course for pre-service elementary and middle-school teachers at Wright State University. For most of them, this is the first and last geoscience class that they take. Required readings are an important part of the class because of the amount of vocabulary and number of concepts that students need to master. It is not possible to spend much class time on lectures that cover the same material, as students are expected to be doing hands-on activities, presentations, discussions, and laboratory exercises applying the material learned from reading. As the instructor, I administer frequent quizzes to encourage students to do the reading and to take notes. The quizzes are 10 multiple-choice questions each and the students are allowed to use a single page of notes. After they complete their quizzes individually, the students gather in groups of three or four and work on the same questions, but are allowed to discuss their answers. This motivates students further to be scrupulous about reading, enables them to help each other overcome mistakes, and helps them work out difficult problems that overwhelmed individuals in the group. The average group scores on in-class, closed- book quizzes are almost always higher than highest average individual score (more than 5% on the average), so even the best-prepared person in the group is managing to learn something from his or her peers. After the all the scores are recorded, I tally the number of correct group and individual answers to each question. If one or more groups gets a question wrong, it's clearly a hard question and worth going over during class time. If more than half of the groups get a question wrong, it is not scored as part of the total. When I used a new text last spring, students found the quizzes overwhelmingly hard. So I let students take the individual quizzes home to answer directly from the book and continued to give group quizzes in class. Students no longer brought notes to the group quizzes. In some groups, all individuals gave identical wrong answers to the same questions (and repeated that answer on the group quiz) indicating probable cooperation on the individual quizzes. The average group scores were no longer significantly higher than the average individual scores, indicating less learning, and the groups still had trouble answering questions involving problem-solving or synthesis or comparison of ideas.

Teed, R.

2008-12-01

305

Team interactions in specialized palliative care teams: a qualitative study.  

PubMed

Abstract Background: Teamwork is a standard of care in palliative care and that is emphasized by leading organizations. When interdisciplinary teams communicate their varied assessments, outcomes may be more than additive due to the synthesis of information. Interprofessionality does not guarantee multidimensionality in health care interventions, however, and that interprofessional teams promote collaboration may be questioned. Aim: The aim was to explore team interaction among team members in specialized palliative care teams. Design: Semistructured interviews were conducted with health professionals working in specialized palliative home care teams. The interviews were analyzed by content analysis. Setting/participants: Participants were recruited from specialized palliative care units in Sweden. The 15 interviewees included 4 men and 11 women. Physcians, nurses, paramedical staff, and social workers were included. Results: Organizational issues like resources and leadership have a great impact on delivery of care. Competence was mirrored in education, collaboration, approach, and support within the team; while communication was described as key to being a team, resolving conflict, and executing palliative care. Conclusion: Communication and communication patterns within the team create the feeling of being a team. Team climate and team performance are significantly impacted by knowledge and trust of competence in colleagues, with other professions, and by the available leadership. Proportions of different health professionals in the team have an impact on the focus and delivery of care. Interprofessional education giving clarity on one's own professional role and knowledge of other professions would most likely benefit patients and family caregivers. PMID:24041291

Klarare, Anna; Hagelin, Carina Lundh; Fürst, Carl Johan; Fossum, Bjöörn

2013-09-01

306

Team Performance and Space Safety  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper discusses how space safety is influenced by the ability of teams to work and communicate effectively together. A multi-national team of six authors provides different perspectives on human systems, from both research and operational points of view. When operations involve teams whose members cross organizational and cultural boundaries as they do in current space operations, it is especially critical and challenging to facilitate the most effective team performance. Three key factors that affect team performance and space safety are discussed: (1) communication as related to team performance; (2) the influence of organizations, teams and culture and (3) team training interventions. Relevant research and current practices are described for each of the three areas and a summary in the form of recommendations is provided.

Kanki, B. G.; Rogers, D. G.; Bessone, L.; Parke, B.; Sandal, G. M.; Whiteley, I.

307

The Team Climate Inventory: application in hospital teams and methodological considerations  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To test the validity, reliability and discriminating capacity of an instrument to assess team climate, the Team Climate Inventory (TCI), in a sample of Dutch hospital teams. The TCI is based on a four-factor theory of team climate for innovation. DESIGN: Validation study. SETTING: Hospital teams in The Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: 424 healthcare professionals; 355 nurses working in 22 nursing

M. A. Ouwens; M. E. J. L. Hulscher; R. P. M. G. Hermens; R. P. Akkermans; R. P. T. M. Grol; H. C. H. Wollersheim

2008-01-01

308

Examining a curvilinear relationship between communication frequency and team performance in cross-functional project teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

The performance of a cross-functional team depends on the skillful and innovative combination of information and expertise from all team members. Communication is the medium through which team members share the information required for successful amalgamation. In this work, we postulate that both high and low levels of team communication can impede team performance, thus leading to a curvilinear relationship

Ralitza R. Patrashkova-Volzdoska; Sara A. McComb; Stephen G. Green; W. Dale Compton

2003-01-01

309

34 CFR 303.17 - Multidisciplinary.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Multidisciplinary. 303.17 Section...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION EARLY INTERVENTION PROGRAM FOR INFANTS...Provisions § 303.17 Multidisciplinary. As used in this part, multidisciplinary means the...

2009-07-01

310

34 CFR 303.17 - Multidisciplinary.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Multidisciplinary. 303.17 Section...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION EARLY INTERVENTION PROGRAM FOR INFANTS...Provisions § 303.17 Multidisciplinary. As used in this part, multidisciplinary means the...

2010-07-01

311

Team Management of Cognitive Dysfunction in Children with Spina Bifida.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article presents a summary of the cognitive difficulties often encountered when a multidisciplinary team attempts to manage children with spina bifida. Suggestions for intervention and program planning are presented. A model for team management incorporating medical, allied health, and psychosocial professionals is presented. (Author/CL)

Knowlton, Douglas D.; And Others

1985-01-01

312

TNT: Teams Need Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document includes a final report and curriculum manual from a project to help adult educators teach team training by developing a curriculum for use in teaching teamwork skills in work force literacy programs and by providing two half-day seminars to assist adult educators with effectively using the curriculum. The manual for work force…

Centre County Vocational-Technical School, Pleasant Gap, PA. CIU 10 Bi-County Development Center for Adults.

313

Multidisciplinary management of type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents  

PubMed Central

Although once considered a disease of adults, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in youth is increasing at a significant rate. Similar to adults, youth with type 2 diabetes are at increased risk for developing hypertension, lipid abnormalities, renal disease, and other diabetes-related complications. However, children and adolescents with type 2 diabetes also face many unique management challenges that are different from adults with type 2 diabetes or children with type 1 diabetes. To deliver safe, effective, high-quality, cost-effective health care to adolescents with type 2 diabetes, reorganization and redesign of health care systems are needed. Multidisciplinary health care teams, which allow individuals with specialized training to maximally utilize their skills within an organized diabetes treatment team, may increase efficiency and effectiveness and may improve outcomes in children with type 2 diabetes. This review article provides a brief review of type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents, provides an overview of multidisciplinary health care teams, and discusses the role of multidisciplinary health care management in youth with type 2 diabetes.

Bowen, Michael E; Rothman, Russell L

2010-01-01

314

Engine integration based on multi-disciplinary optimisation technique  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents the work related to the engine integration of a Rear Fuselage Mounted Engine configuration in the frame\\u000a of the DLR\\/Onera project MDOrmec (“Multi-Disciplinary Optimisation of Rear-fuselage Mounted Engine Configuration”). The developed\\u000a multidisciplinary optimisation process is based on a mixed-fidelity approach, where the aerodynamics is simulated using CFD\\u000a methods while the weight, aircraft stability and control are assessed

Danil Haar; Joël Brezillon

315

A multidisciplinary approach to information and critical appraisal instruction.  

PubMed Central

The formulation of clinical decisions based on evidence requires the ability to locate information and evaluate it critically. A ten-week critical appraisal course for third-year medical students, taught cooperatively by library and Department of Medicine faculty, integrates education in the selection, evaluation, and application of information to patient care. The course is distinctive in that information management skills are taught by a multidisciplinary team in a problem-based format as part of the compulsory medical curriculum. Medical faculty provided instruction in reading and evaluating research methodology, as well as statistical analyses in published reports, using clinical scenarios and related journal articles at weekly sessions. Library faculty provided instruction in locating pertinent research on a sample clinical problem using standard printed and computerized indexes and local library resources, and presented criteria for selecting the most useful and significant works from those retrieved. Library faculty also met individually with students to provide instruction in online literature searching. Based on formal evaluation and informal feedback, the course was well received; it effectively presents the literature search as an integral part of critical appraisal of the medical literature and of the clinical decision-making process.

Dorsch, J L; Frasca, M A; Wilson, M L; Tomsic, M L

1990-01-01

316

Cyberinfrastructure and Scientific Collaboration: Application of a Virtual Team Performance Framework with Potential Relevance to Education. WCER Working Paper No. 2010-12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this exploratory study was to identify and describe some of the dimensions of scientific collaborations using high throughput computing (HTC) through the lens of a virtual team performance framework. A secondary purpose was to assess the viability of using a virtual team performance framework to study scientific collaborations…

Kraemer, Sara; Thorn, Christopher A.

2010-01-01

317

Back to the Future of Social Work: Child and Adolescent Mental Health and the Post Qualifying Curriculum in England and Wales  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first social work course to focus on children's mental health in the UK began in 1929 at the London School of Economics and Political Science. The subsequent child guidance movement spawned the genesis of child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) where social workers held a pivotal and much-respected role among multi-disciplinary teams. This role has been undermined in

Steven Walker

2010-01-01

318

Multidisciplinary care planning in the primary care management of completed stroke: a systematic review  

PubMed Central

Background Chronic disease management requires input from multiple health professionals, both specialist and primary care providers. This study sought to assess the impact of co-ordinated multidisciplinary care in primary care, represented by the delivery of formal care planning by primary care teams or shared across primary-secondary teams, on outcomes in stroke, relative to usual care. Methods A Systematic review of Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL (all 1990–2006), Cochrane Library (Issue 1 2006), and grey literature from web based searching of web sites listed in the CCOHA Health Technology Assessment List Analysis used narrative analysis of findings of randomised and non-randomised trials, and observational and qualitative studies of patients with completed stroke in the primary care setting where care planning was undertaken by 1) a multi-disciplinary primary care team or 2) through shared care by primary and secondary providers. Results One thousand and forty-five citations were retrieved. Eighteen papers were included for analysis. Most care planning took part in the context of multidisciplinary team care based in hospitals with outreach to community patients. Mortality rates are not impacted by multidisciplinary care planning. Functional outcomes of the studies were inconsistent. It is uncertain whether the active engagement of GPs and other primary care professionals in the multidisciplinary care planning contributed to the outcomes in the studies showing a positive effect. There may be process benefits from multidisciplinary care planning that includes primary care professionals and GPs. Few studies actually described the tasks and roles GPs fulfilled and whether this matched what was presumed to be provided. Conclusion While multidisciplinary care planning may not unequivocally improve the care of patients with completed stroke, there may be process benefits such as improved task allocation between providers. Further study on the impact of active GP involvement in multidisciplinary care planning is warranted.

Mitchell, Geoffrey K; Brown, Robyn M; Erikssen, Lars; Tieman, Jennifer J

2008-01-01

319

Team Learning and Team Composition in Nursing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: This study aims to explore team learning activities in nursing teams and to test the effect of team composition on team learning to extend conceptually an initial model of team learning and to examine empirically a new model of ambidextrous team learning in nursing. Design/methodology/approach: Quantitative research utilising exploratory…

Timmermans, Olaf; Van Linge, Roland; Van Petegem, Peter; Elseviers, Monique; Denekens, Joke

2011-01-01

320

Nurses’ perceptions of physiotherapists as rehabilitation team members  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To investigate nurses’ perceptions of physiotherapists as members of the rehabilitation team. This study arose from the current emphasis that is placed on good multidisciplinary teamwork for effective rehabilitation and the awareness that different team members often have different perceptions of their respective roles within the team.Design: Semi-structured interviews, the results of which were then subject to content analysis.Setting

Jayne Dalley; Julius Sim

2001-01-01

321

Working Together to Become Proficient Readers: Early Impact of the Talent Development Middle School's 'Student Team Literature Program'. Report No. 15.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Talent Development Middle School.s Student Team Literature (STL) program includes: (1) curricular materials designed to assist students study great literature; (2) recommended instructional practices, peer assistance processes, and assessments; and (3...

D. J. Mac Iver R. Balfanz S. B. Plank

1997-01-01

322

Description of a team approach to the rehabilitation of the laryngectomized speaker.  

PubMed

This article describes the multi-disciplinary approach to rehabilitation of the laryngectomee followed by the Michigan Cancer Foundation-Wayne State University Laryngectomee Clinic. The program serves a patient population in excess of 100 each year in a total rehabilitation paradigm. The rehabilitation effort centers around an intensive speech rehabilitation program encompassing as much as 10 hours of speech therapy per week. This effort is supplemented by a professional staff including a psychologist, social work staff, audiologist, public health nurse, vocational rehabilitation specialist, and atrained laryngectomized esophageal speech teacher. The contribution of each member of the team and the benefits of a unified approach are described. PMID:1121228

Hoops, H R; Clarke, W M; Martin, D E

1975-03-01

323

Whole team training.  

PubMed

At AfPP we are passionate about patient safety and work hard to support our members with their personal development. However, as an Association we are keen to support whole teams to ensure a full understanding of where processes start and finish and why they may fail due to poor communication, poor policies or standards. PMID:23767261

Stott, Dawn L

2013-05-01

324

Team Assembly Mechanisms Determine Collaboration Network Structure and Team Performance  

PubMed Central

Agents in creative enterprises are embedded in networks that inspire, support, and evaluate their work. Here, we investigate how the mechanisms by which creative teams self-assemble determine the structure of these collaboration networks. We propose a model for the self-assembly of creative teams that has its basis in three parameters: team size, the fraction of newcomers in new productions, and the tendency of incumbents to repeat previous collaborations. The model suggests that the emergence of a large connected community of practitioners can be described as a phase transition. We find that team assembly mechanisms determine both the structure of the collaboration network and team performance for teams derived from both artistic and scientific fields.

Guimera, Roger; Uzzi, Brian; Spiro, Jarrett; Nunes Amaral, Luis A.

2007-01-01

325

Joining the visiting team  

SciTech Connect

As an extention of The Selection and use of VA/VE Professionals'' this paper addresses the questions of: What will guarantee success for the VE studies Will the Job Plan always produce a study that saves 10% and yields a return on investment of 30:1 What help does the VE team need for it to do its job more effectively What work does the VE site coordinator need to do to raise the implementation rate on VE studies performed by visiting teams 3 refs.

Sperling, R.B.

1990-01-04

326

The effects of dynamic team behavior and task complexity on team performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teams have become a permanent part of the industrial work place. Semi-autonomous work groups are in place to staff production systems; executive teams are working together to lead organizations; cross-functional teams are solving a myriad of problems at various levels within companies. The purpose of this research is to better understand how cross-functional project teams work together to successfully complete

Sara Ann McComb

1998-01-01

327

Multidisciplinary programs and the solid earth science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ambitious new integrated multidisciplinary programs in environmental sciences are being organized by national and international groups. Although the initiatives go under various names, the common theme is a global approach to studying interactions among the biosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and lithosphere.The International Council of Scientific Unions has begun the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program, supported by the National Academy of Sciences. The National Science Foundation started its Global Geoscience Program in 1986. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration have been working on Earth System Science since 1983.

Ernst, W. G.

328

Family health teams  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE To learn what educators across the health professions involved in primary health care think about the use and development of academic family health teams to provide, teach, and model interprofessional collaboration and about the introduction of interprofessional education (IPE) within structured academic primary care. DESIGN Qualitative study using focus groups. SETTING Higher education institutions across Ontario. PARTICIPANTS Purposeful sample of 36 participants from nursing, pharmacy, speech language pathology, occupational and physical therapy, social work, and family medicine. METHOD Participants were invited to join focus groups of 6 to 8 health professionals. Themes were derived from qualitative analysis of data gathered using a grounded-theory approach. MAIN FINDINGS Three major themes were identified: the lack of consensus on opportunities for future academic family health teams to teach IPE, the lack of formalized teaching of interprofessional collaboration and the fact that what little has been developed is primarily for family physicians and hardly at all for other health professionals, and the confusion around the definition of IPE across health professions. CONCLUSION The future role of family health teams in academic primary care settings as a place for learners to see teamwork in action and to learn collaboration needs to be examined. Unless academic settings are developed to provide the necessary training for primary health care professionals to work in teams, a new generation of health care professionals will continue to work in status quo environments, and reform initiatives are unlikely to become sustainable over time.

Soklaridis, Sophie; Oandasan, Ivy; Kimpton, Shandra

2007-01-01

329

Distributed leadership in teams: The network of leadership perceptions and team performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study uses social network analysis to examine distributed leadership in work teams. We used sociometric data from 28 field-based sales teams to investigate how the network structure of leadership perceptions considered at the team level of analysis was related to team performance. We failed to find support for the idea that the more leadership is distributed across the members

Ajay Mehra; Brett R. Smith; Andrea L. Dixon; Bruce Robertson

2006-01-01

330

Craniofacial summer cAMP: an educational experience for campers, cAMP staff, and the craniofacial team.  

PubMed

Children with congenital or acquired craniofacial conditions often have complex medical and surgical healthcare needs. To provide holistic care to this unique pediatric population, we must seek methods to address the psychosocial needs of children living with a craniofacial difference. Our multidisciplinary craniofacial team concluded our second-year participating in overnight summer camps for our patients with cleft-craniofacial conditions. We worked with 2 different organizations to host the camps each year. Over the course of 2 years, we enrolled more than 100 children, 7-15 years of age, in 1-week, overnight camp experiences. Campers participated in activities to promote team building, self-esteem, confidence, and social awareness. We share the perspectives of the campers and their parents, the camp staff, and the craniofacial team members. PMID:20220491

Heike, Carrie L; Leavitt, Dawn; Aspinall, Cassandra; Andrews, Monica; Carey, Hillary; Ose, Marsha

331

A case history of multidisciplinary integration in an offshore Indonesian field  

Microsoft Academic Search

Part 1 of this series discussed the multidisciplinary team`s (MDT) petrophysical, geologic and production data gathering efforts. These data were used to develop a reservoir simulation model which initially found no problems with the BM platform. However, in the initial simulation, the input structure maps did not explain oil\\/water contact differences. As problems with the reservoir model appeared, a 3-D

D. Cooke; A. Aziz; N. Diswarin

1997-01-01

332

Use of simulation to practice multidisciplinary anaphylaxis management.  

PubMed

Multidisciplinary clinical simulation can be an essential part of nursing education strategies to improve and enhance patient safety and experience. Clinical simulation can be utilized to change practice, reinforce practices, and direct patient and family education needs for a safe discharge. Anaphylaxis is potentially fatal and is increasing in occurrence. A simulation scenario was designed by a multidisciplinary team to review anaphylaxis recognition and to provide simulated practice for emergency response. Clinical scenarios were developed based on evidence-based practices and included a prebriefing and postdebriefing. Bandura's self-efficacy theory was used as a framework to develop the project, as it supports behavior change strategies well suited for clinical simulation. Clinical simulations provide a nonthreatening environment for staff to learn, practice, and receive feedback to improve patient care and serve as a vehicle to role-play expected practices, enhance communication between disciplines, demonstrate progress, and evaluate competency. PMID:24100428

Mason, Virginia M; Lyons, Patricia

333

Giant Serpentine Aneurysms: Multidisciplinary Management  

PubMed Central

Summary Sixty-five cases of intracranial giant serpentine aneurysms (GS?s), including 61 cases reported in the literature and four additional cases presented in this study were reviewed. The clinical presentation, possible causes, natural history, and especially management of GSAs are discussed with emphasis on the need for aggressive intervention and multidisciplinary management.

Anshun, W.; Feng, L.; Daming, W.

2000-01-01

334

The Concept of Team - work in the Early Childhood: The Correlation between English Language Learning and Motor Pattern Efficiency Case Study: Example of good Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Collaborative teaching is used in many kindergartens, schools, colleges and universities around the world in order to foster learners' enthusiasm, social skills and to promote interdisciplinary learning. In Slovenia the instruction to use this new method started in kindergartens and primary schools and two years ago in the secondary grammar schools around Slovenia. Unfortunately, team-teaching can sometimes be enforced and

Polona Oblak; Matja Vehovar

335

Trust in Culturally Diverse Teams.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As the Canadian Forces is becoming more culturally diverse and personnel are increasingly involved in complex multinational coalition operations, a critical issue is how military teams will be able to work efficiently and effectively despite the challenge...

A. L. Brown B. D. Adams C. L. Karthaus J. J. Famewo

2008-01-01

336

So, what's it really like to work in biotech?  

PubMed

This essay provides insight into the daily life of a scientist in biotechnology, drawing on experience gained from working in companies ranging in size from four to more than 80,000 employees. The basic scientific training in molecular biology required for the work is similar between academia and industry, but the way in which these skills are applied differs. Biologists in industry settings work as part of large, multidisciplinary teams. This requires relinquishing the degree of intellectual freedom allowed in academia but offers an increased opportunity to see the fruits of one's labor translate into products with the potential to positively impact human or environmental health. PMID:23307104

Belmont, Lisa

2013-01-01

337

Risk Assessment in Mental Health: Introducing a Traffic Light System in a Community Mental Health Team  

PubMed Central

Aims: To reports a study in which action research approach was utilised to introduce a new system of risk assessment, based on traffic lights, into a community mental health team. Background: Risk management is a serious concern in community mental healthcare where there is less direct, real-time supervision of clients than in other settings, and because inadequate management of risk can have fatal consequences when service users are a risk to themselves and/or others. Design: An action research design was undertaken, using three phases of Look, Think and Act. Methods: Data were collected between January and March of 2012. In the action research phases, qualitative data were collected in focus groups with the team’s multi-disciplinary mental health professionals. Data were transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically, which involved agreement of themes and interpretations by two researchers. The Look, Think and Act phases guided the development of the project; team members worked collaboratively on the traffic light system, implemented and evaluated it. Findings: Themes were constructed that were discussed across the focus groups. These themes were: Ease of use; Risk identification and management; Legal status; Different teams’ views of risk; Post-implementation evaluation. Conclusion: Action research has been used to implement change in mental health risk management. Others internationally would benefit from considering a Traffic Light System, and in using action research to implement it.

Croucher, S; Williamson, Graham R

2013-01-01

338

Team management of the female athlete triad part 2: optimal treatment and prevention tactics.  

PubMed

Multidisciplinary management of the female athlete triad (disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis) is optimal, but what exactly does it entail? With the primary care physician as the point person, the healthcare team addresses the underlying causes of disordered eating through such measures as drawing up a contract for returning to play, resolving nutrition issues, exploring psychotherapy options, and, sometimes, prescribing antidepressants. Hormone replacement therapy and conservative or orthopedic intervention for stress fractures may also be required. Communication among the members of the treatment team is crucial, and athletic trainers especially can provide valuable input. Prevention strategies need to involve education of coaches, teachers, trainers, parents, and others who work closely with female athletes. PMID:20086898

Joy, E; Clark, N; Ireland, M L; Martire, J; Nattiv, A; Varechok, S

1997-04-01

339

Real time presence of a microbiologist in a multidisciplinary diabetes foot clinic.  

PubMed

Multidisciplinary foot-care teams (MDFT) are recommended in the management of severe diabetic foot disease [1]. However, even though infection is often the dominant immediate risk, it is rare to have real time input from a microbiologist. We highlight the value of a microbiologist as a MDFT member. PMID:22226078

Paisley, Angela N; Kalavalapalli, Shyam; Subudhi, Chinari P K; Chadwick, Paul R; Chadwick, Paul J; Young, Bob

2012-01-05

340

Simulation of a Forensic Chemistry Problem: A Multidisciplinary Project for Secondary School Chemistry Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A multidisciplinary chemistry project for high school students is presented based upon a forensic theme and team problem solving approach. The project involves data collection and interpretation using FTIR, HPLC, NMR, and TLC. Simulated evidence sample formulations and a sample assignment scheme are presented.

G. A. Long

1995-01-01

341

A model of delivering multi-disciplinary care to people with 46 XY DSD  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2006, a consensus statement was jointly produced by the Lawson Wilkins Pediatric Endocrine Society (LWPES) and the European Society of Paediatric Endocrinology (ESPE) concerning the management of disorders of sex development (DSD) [1]. A recommendation provided by this consensus was that evaluation and long-term care for people affected by DSD should be performed at medical centers with multi-disciplinary teams

Blake W. Palmer; Amy B. Wisniewski; Traci L. Schaeffer; Ashwini Mallappa; Jeanie B. Tryggestad; Sowmya Krishnan; Laura J. Chalmers; Kenneth Copeland; Steven D. Chernausek; William G. Reiner; Bradley P. Kropp

342

A qualitative study of the determinants of self-managing team effectiveness in a scrum team  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are many evidences in the literature that the use self-managing teams has positive impacts on several dimensions of team effectiveness. Agile methods, supported by the Agile Manifesto, defend the use of self-managing teams in software development in substitution of hierarchically managed, traditional teams. The goal of this research was to study how a self-managing software team works in practice

Cleviton V. F. Monteiro; Fabio Q. B. da Silva; Isabella R. M. dos Santos; Felipe Farias; Elisa S. F. Cardozo; André R. G. do A. Leitão; Dacio N. M. Neto; Miguel J. A. Pernambuco Filho

2011-01-01

343

Acute Intermittent Porphyria Associated with Respiratory Failure: A Multidisciplinary Approach  

PubMed Central

Despite being challenging, delivery of effective nursing care to patients with acute intermittent porphyria is a matter of utmost importance. In this paper, the diversity of symptoms and the difficult diagnosis of this condition are emphasized, and details concerning the treatment of this disorder in the intensive care unit are presented. We believe that acute intermittent porphyria should be borne in mind during performance of differential diagnosis of neurological, psychiatric, and gastroenterological disorders on patients whose routine investigation tests are normal, especially when precipitating factors exist. Intensive care measures and a multidisciplinary team approach are essential.

Menegueti, Mayra Goncalves; Gil Cezar, Alkmim-Teixeira; Casarini, Karin Aparecida; Muniz Cordeiro, Katia Simone; Basile-Filho, Anibal; Martins-Filho, Olindo Assis; Auxiliadora-Martins, Maria

2011-01-01

344

Multidisciplinary Evaluation of Patients With Suspected Lung Cancer  

PubMed Central

Lung cancer diagnosis and treatment has evolved to require the input and expertise of multiple diverse medical and surgical specialties. The approach to lung cancer patients requires the adherence to a few principles that include thorough use of staging modalities to assure the proper treatment for each patient, and an understanding of the limitations and advantages of each of these modalities. Evidence is continuing to emerge that supports the notion that diagnostic workup and treatment of lung cancer patients is best done within the context of a multidisciplinary team devoted to this purpose.

Bauman, Kristy; Arenberg, Douglas

2009-01-01

345

Development and Implementation of a Junior-Year Design Course in a Multidisciplinary Environment Along with Media Art and Marketing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Contemporary thought in engineering education is to provide the students with as much hands-on, real world experience as possible. Students are expected to hit the ground running in the work force immediately after their graduation and be savvy in many divergent skills such as teamwork, communication, project, people and business management. ABET (Accreditation Board of Engineering and Technology) has included the multidisciplinary team experience as one of the assessable outcomes for students enrolled in any accredited engineering program. Social commentators have highlighted the need for businesses to succeed in a global environment and as such the education system must attempt to create engineers with global perspectives. There are several solutions to achieve this objective such as internships, co-op programs, student exchange programs, laboratory-intensive classes and the ever-popular Capstone Senior Design Project. This last and the most important topic of integrated design has been reviewed and discussed extensively in literature and engineering education conferences. There is considerable variability in the scope; breadth and depth of these capstone projects, the team size and composition and the time, and sponsors and budget for the projects. Some of these projects are fairly involved requiring budgets of up to $40,000 while some projects require graduate students as an integral part of the design team. One common theme in most of these projects is that the courses are designed for senior students enrolled mainly in engineering and other disciplines. While these projects are multidisciplinary, synchronization of course syllabi across the disciplines was not made.

Manohar, Priyadarshan; Jones, Cathleen; Radermacher, Jon

2009-07-16

346

Distributed Design Teams as Communities of Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of the team in design has long been established. Indeed the sheer size of design projects and the consequent range of design skills required makes teams an essential component of most successful design projects today. However, with the ever-increasing globalisation of design and manufacturing, teams are less likely to be co-located, and are increasingly having to work across

Jason Pemberton-Billing; Rachel Cooper; Andrew B. Wootton; Andrew N. W. North

347

Virtual team collaboration and innovation in organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Virtual teams, understood as teams with geographically dispersed members communicating primarily by use of information and communication technologies (ICT), have become a viable form for work in innovation projects involving one or several organizations. Knowledge development and creation of a shared understanding among team members are often stressed as fundamental to successful innovation processes. This paper aims to

Leif Jarle Gressgård

2011-01-01

348

Power up your teams [Career Advisor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientific evidence and notes from the field concur. Women have superior team-building skills. Men may talk a good game. Women actually do the things that men talk and write about and excel at the relationship-building work of team building. The most important aspect of team building is relationship building, and who knows more about that, men or women? So if

Donna Denio

2008-01-01

349

Transferable Team Skills for Accounting Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accounting educators are incorporating student teams in the classroom as a response to employers' demands that employees be able to work collaboratively. Although there are many studies in the accounting literature that explore factors (e.g. size, incentives) affecting student team performance, few address skills development for team members. This paper examines students' exposure to specific meeting management techniques (e.g. agendas,

Frances A. Kennedy; Richard B. Dull

2008-01-01

350

Self-managing selling teams and team performance: The complementary roles of empowerment and control  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work is the first to examine systematically the influence of empowerment and control on the degree to which selling teams engage in desired self-managing behaviors. Further, this work is the first to propose the construct of desired self-managing behaviors in a selling team context, and empirically examine its influence on selling team performance. Our investigation indicates that control of

C. Jay Lambe; Kevin L. Webb; Chiharu Ishida

2009-01-01

351

Computational differentiation and multidisciplinary design  

SciTech Connect

Multidisciplinary Design Optimization (MDO) by means of formal sensitivity analysis requires that each single-discipline analysis code supply not only the output functions for the (usually constrained) optimization process and other discipline analysis inputs, but also the derivatives of all of these output functions with respect to its input variables. Computational differentiation techniques and automatic differentiation tools enable MDO by providing accurate and efficient derivatives of computer programs with little human effort. We discuss the principles behind automatic differentiation and give a brief overview of automatic differentiation tools and how they can be employed judiciously, for example, for sparse Jacobians and to exploit parallelism. We show how, and under what circumstances, automatic differentiation applied to iterative solvers delivers the mathematically desired derivatives. We then show how derivatives that can now be feasibly obtained by computational differentiation techniques can lead to improved solution schemes for nonlinear coupled systems and multidisciplinary design optimization.

Bischof, C. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Griewank, A. [Institute of Scientific Computing, Technical Univ. of Dresden, Dresden (Germany)

1993-12-31

352

Final Scientific \\/ Technical Report: Multidisciplinary Graduate Training Program on Technologies for a Biobased Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The overall goal of this project was to develop a Multidisciplinary Graduate Training Program on Technologies for a Biobased Economy (TBE) at Michigan State University (MSU). Students completing the TBE Program are expected to be broadly trained in the disciplines relevant to the biobased products industry (BPI), to have strong research skills, to be able to work effectively in multidisciplinary

R. Mark Worden; Daina M. Briedis

2006-01-01

353

Multidisciplinary approach for patients with esophageal cancer  

PubMed Central

Patients with esophageal cancer have a poor prognosis because they often have no symptoms until their disease is advanced. There are no screening recommendations for patients unless they have Barrett’s esophagitis or a significant family history of this disease. Often, esophageal cancer is not diagnosed until patients present with dysphagia, odynophagia, anemia or weight loss. When symptoms occur, the stage is often stage III or greater. Treatment of patients with very early stage disease is fairly straight forward using only local treatment with surgical resection or endoscopic mucosal resection. The treatment of patients who have locally advanced esophageal cancer is more complex and controversial. Despite multiple trials, treatment recommendations are still unclear due to conflicting data. Sadly, much of our data is difficult to interpret due to many of the trials done have included very heterogeneous groups of patients both histologically as well as anatomically. Additionally, studies have been underpowered or stopped early due to poor accrual. In the United States, concurrent chemoradiotherapy prior to surgical resection has been accepted by many as standard of care in the locally advanced patient. Patients who have metastatic disease are treated palliatively. The aim of this article is to describe the multidisciplinary approach used by an established team at a single high volume center for esophageal cancer, and to review the literature which guides our treatment recommendations.

Villaflor, Victoria M; Allaix, Marco E; Minsky, Bruce; Herbella, Fernando A; Patti, Marco G

2012-01-01

354

Multidisciplinary Approaches to Chronic Pain  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Many chronic pain conditions in children are complex and patients can benefi t most when an integrated care plan can be brought\\u000a to bear on the problem. Multidisciplinary pain centers (MPC) and clinics aim to coordinate evaluation and treatment of complex\\u000a pain problems. Disciplines that are routinely part of these centers include medicine, physical therapy, psychology, and advanced\\u000a practice nursing.

Steven J. Weisman

355

Multidisciplinary Approach to Lifesaving Measures in the Elderly Individuals With Flail Chest Injury With ORIF of Rib Fractures  

PubMed Central

In this case report, we present 2 cases of flail chest in geriatric patients after severe blunt chest trauma, which were treated at the University Hospital Innsbruck (Level I Trauma Center and Tyrolean Geriatric Fracture Center) by a multidisciplinary team of physicians from anesthesia, intensive care, trauma surgery, and acute geriatrics. We want to point out the benefit of a multidisciplinary approach in geriatric patients with flail chest.

Zegg, Michael; Kammerlander, Christian; Schmid, Stefan; Roth, Tobias; Kammerlander-Knauer, Ursula; Gosch, Markus; Luger, Thomas J.

2012-01-01

356

A case history of multi-disciplinary integration in an offshore Indonesian field  

SciTech Connect

This is the first in a 2-part series describing the case history of how a multi-disciplinary team (MDT) used a 3-D survey and a reservoir simulation to review and revise the development plans for the BM platform, located in the B Field, Offshore Northwest Java, Indonesia. Part 1 of this series discusses the multi-disciplinary team`s (MDT) petrophysical, geologic, geophysical and production data gathering efforts. These data were then used to develop a reservoir simulation model which initially found no problems with the BM platform. However, the initial simulation had contradictions concerning input structure maps and fluid contacts. As the problems with the reservoir model appeared, a 3-D seismic survey was planned, which will also be discussed in Part 1.

Cooke, D.; Aziz, A.; Diswarin, N. [and others

1997-02-01

357

Teaming. The Key to World Class Manufacturing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Lean manufacturing, a streamlined system of flow and job shop techniques, relies on self-directed work teams. Technology educators can prepare students for work in this environment by using problem-solving teams in the classroom to work on design briefs and other group projects. (SK)|

Wright, John R.

1999-01-01

358

The Undergraduate ALFALFA Team  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Undergraduate ALFALFA (Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA) Team is a consortium of 16 institutions engaged in an NSF-sponsored program to promote undergraduate research within the extragalactic ALFALFA HI blind survey project. In the first two years of the program, more than three dozen undergraduate students have been closely involved in ALFALFA science, observing, and data analysis. A total of 34 students have attended the annual undergraduate workshops at Arecibo Observatory, interacting with faculty, their peers, ALFALFA experts, and Arecibo staff in lectures, group activities, tours, and observing runs. Team faculty have supervised 26 summer research projects and 14 academic year (e.g., senior thesis) projects. Students and faculty have traveled to Arecibo Observatory for observing runs and to national meetings to present their results. Eight Team schools have joined to work collaboratively to analyze HI properties of galaxy groups within the ALFALFA volume. (See O'Brien et al., O'Malley et al., and Odekon et al. posters, this meeting.) Students involved in this program are learning how science is accomplished in a large collaboration while contributing to the scientific goals of a major legacy survey. This work has been supported by NSF grants AST-0724918, AST-0725267, and AST-0725380.

Koopmann, Rebecca A.; Higdon, S.; Balonek, T. J.; Haynes, M. P.; Giovanelli, R.

2010-01-01

359

Building a sports medicine team.  

PubMed

There have been a growing number of participants in high school and collegiate athletics in recent years, placing ever-increasing demands on the sports medicine team. Building a winning sports medicine team is equally as important to the success of an athletic organization as fielding talented athletes. Acquisition of highly qualified, motivated, and hard-working individuals is essential in providing high quality and efficient health care to the athlete. Maintaining open paths of communication between all members of the team is the biggest key to success and an optimal way to avoid confusion and pitfalls. PMID:17499620

Fu, Freddie H; Tjoumakaris, Fotios Paul; Buoncristiani, Anthony

2007-04-01

360

Developing a team mentoring model.  

PubMed

This article describes the authors' work in setting up a team mentoring system for nursing students on practice placements. The benefits include the ability to share responsibility for mentoring among clinicians and the exposure of students to a greater diversity of practice and teaching styles. Good communication is identified as crucial to effective implementation, while poor communication can be a potential barrier to the success of team mentoring. PMID:18988581

Caldwell, Jill; Dodd, Karen; Wilkes, Carol

361

Under the influence of the team? An investigation of the relationships between team autonomy, individual autonomy and social influence within teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study contributes to the debate about whether teamwork facilitates or constrains the single team member's autonomy at work. We investigate whether team autonomy can explain employees' individual autonomy, the teams' informal influence on its members and employees' desire for either individual or team influence. Questionnaire data were collected among employees in four Danish companies from different industries with various

Thomas Jønsson; Hans Jeppe Jeppesen

2012-01-01

362

Cancer: communicating in the team game.  

PubMed

There is increasing evidence that effective communication is a critical means by which surgeons can assist their patients to achieve the best outcomes. This paper examines the processes and outcomes of effective communication by surgeons in cancer teams, and includes: (i). strategies that promote collaborative relationships with patients and lead to more effective treatment; (ii). strategies to improve multidisciplinary team performance; and (iii). methods to minimize the risk of error and litigation. The experience of a cancer diagnosis involves radical changes in patients' lives, somewhat akin to suddenly finding yourself in the middle of a rugby scrum for the first time. The analogy of rugby throws fresh light on such critical factors in communication as prematch preparation, orientation to the game and the team, a good kick off, sizing up the opposition, creative plays and optimizing teamwork to promote quality of life and survival. PMID:15191487

Boyle, Frances M; Robinson, Emma; Heinrich, Paul; Dunn, Stewart M

2004-06-01

363

2p2 Team News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In December we welcomed Emanuel Galliano to our team. Emanuel is a French student at ESO Chile who is already familiar with La Silla, through his previous work with the DENIS group. He will be working primarily on operations at the 2.2-m. In February, however, we bade farewell to Emanuela Pompei after nearly two years with the team. Although Emanuela is leaving La Silla, she will remain with ESO in Chile, commencing work as a Staff Astronomer on Paranal in March. We wish her all the best in her move north.

Jones, H.

2001-03-01

364

Using the ICF to clarify team roles and demonstrate clinical reasoning in stroke rehabilitation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) is advocated as a tool to structure rehabilitation and a universal language to aid communication, within the multi-disciplinary team (MDT). The ICF may also facilitate clarification of team roles and clinical reasoning for intervention. This article aims to explore both factors in stroke rehabilitation. Method. Following a review of the

Stephanie Tempest; Anne Mcintyre

2006-01-01

365

Family meetings in palliative care: Multidisciplinary clinical practice guidelines  

PubMed Central

Background Support for family carers is a core function of palliative care. Family meetings are commonly recommended as a useful way for health care professionals to convey information, discuss goals of care and plan care strategies with patients and family carers. Yet it seems there is insufficient research to demonstrate the utlility of family meetings or the best way to conduct them. This study sought to develop multidisciplinary clinical practice guidelines for conducting family meetings in the specialist palliative care setting based on available evidence and consensus based expert opinion. Methods The guidelines were developed via the following methods: (1) A literature review; (2) Conceptual framework; (3) Refinement of the guidelines based on feedback from an expert panel and focus groups with multidisciplinary specialists from three palliative care units and three major teaching hospitals in Melbourne, Australia. Results The literature review revealed that no comprehensive exploration of the conduct and utility of family meetings in the specialist palliative care setting has occurred. Preliminary clinical guidelines were developed by the research team, based on relevant literature and a conceptual framework informed by: single session therapy, principles of therapeutic communication and models of coping and family consultation. A multidisciplinary expert panel refined the content of the guidelines and the applicability of the guidelines was then assessed via two focus groups of multidisciplinary palliative care specialists. The complete version of the guidelines is presented. Conclusion Family meetings provide an opportunity to enhance the quality of care provided to palliative care patients and their family carers. The clinical guidelines developed from this study offer a framework for preparing, conducting and evaluating family meetings. Future research and clinical implications are outlined.

Hudson, Peter; Quinn, Karen; O'Hanlon, Brendan; Aranda, Sanchia

2008-01-01

366

Tiger Team Assessment of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the results of the Tiger Team Assessment of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) (including the Site 300 area), Livermore, California, conducted from February 26 to April 5, 1990. The purpose of the assessment was to provide the Secretary of Energy with the status of Environment, Safety and Health (E SH) Programs at LLNL. LLNL is operated by the University of California for the Department of Energy (DOE), and is a multi-program, mission-oriented institution engaged in fundamental and applied research programs that require a multidisciplinary approach. The Tiger Team Assessment was conducted by a team comprised of professionals from DOE, contractors, and consultants.

Not Available

1990-06-01

367

Work  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Authored and curated by David P. Stern, these web pages introduce the concept of work and its relation to energy. An example of electric work and energy using the example of a Van de Graaff Generator. These pages are part of "From Stargazers to Starships", an extensive web site that introduces topics in physics and astronomy using space exploration and space science. Translations are available in French and Spanish.

Stern, David P. (David Peter), 1931-

2009-04-29

368

Team Nutrition School Activity Planner. A How-To Guide for Team Nutrition Schools and Supporters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This "how-to" guide for Team Nutrition fairs and tasting activities helps Team Nutrition supporters and schools understand how to work together to improve the health and education of children. Team Nutrition is the implementation tool for the U.S. Department of Agriculture's School Meals Initiative for Healthy Children. Section 1 of the guide…

Food and Consumer Service (USDA), Washington, DC.

369

Team Nutrition School Activity Planner. A How-To Guide for Team Nutrition Schools and Supporters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This "how-to" guide for Team Nutrition fairs and tasting activities helps Team Nutrition supporters and schools understand how to work together to improve the health and education of children. Team Nutrition is the implementation tool for the U.S. Department of Agriculture's School Meals Initiative for Healthy Children. Section 1 of the guide…

Food and Consumer Service (USDA), Washington, DC.

370

How does radical collocation help a team succeed?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Companies are experimenting with putting teams into warrooms, hoping for some productivity enhancement. We conducted a field study of six such teams, tracking their activity, attitudes, use of technology and productivity. Teams in these warrooms showed a doubling of productivity. Why? Among other things, teams had easy access to each other for both coordination of their work and for learning,

Stephanie Teasley; Lisa Covi; Mayuram S. Krishnan; Judith S. Olson

2000-01-01

371

A Contingency Model of Conflict and Team Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors develop and test theoretical extensions of the relationships of task conflict, relationship conflict, and 2 dimensions of team effectiveness (performance and team-member satisfaction) among 2 samples of work teams in Taiwan and Indonesia. Findings show that relationship conflict moderates the task conflict-team performance…

Shaw, Jason D.; Zhu, Jing; Duffy, Michelle K.; Scott, Kristin L.; Shih, Hsi-An; Susanto, Ely

2011-01-01

372

Never A Team Member; Suddenly A Team Leader!  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the 1960's there weren't many female engineering students, and `teaming' was not an official part of the curriculum. Teams were formed casually, as a way to share the enormous load of lab reports and problem sets -- that is unless you were one of those female students. Physical isolation and institutional lockdown in the female dorms made my participation in study teams extremely difficult. As a result, I got a better formal education (working all the problem sets myself), but I missed out on learning a very practical skill. Leading a team is hard work, particularly if you've never been a member of a team. One solution is to work harder than almost anyone else. Another trick is to choose a small pond in which to be a big frog. I chose SETI (the search for extraterrestrial intelligence) because I was captured by the idea that I live among the first generation of humans who can try to answer this ancient question (Are we alone?) by making observations, rather than accepting some belief system. I'm still hooked by that concept and struggling to make the pond bigger (and financially secure) to bring in the next generation and the generation-after-that, for as long as it may take to end our cosmic isolation, or accept our singularity.

Tarter, Jill

2006-04-01

373

The effectiveness of teams in organizations: a meta-analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The proposed meta-analysis of 61 independent samples aims to identify whether, and if so under what conditions, team working in organizations is related to organizational effectiveness. Team working had a significant though small positive relationship with both performance outcomes and staff attitudes. Our contingency analyses further showed that team working had a stronger relationship with performance outcomes if accompanied by

A. W. Richter; J. F. Dawson; M. A. West

2011-01-01

374

Constructing a team performance prediction model for sport teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

In team sports, some constructs of the team process are important factors for team performance; therefore, exploring the group process of a team is crucial for improving team performance. The purpose of this article is to construct a team performance prediction model for sport teams, employing team-level variables. For this purpose, we reviewed the previous studies on group process in

Keita KAWAZU; Yoshio SUGIYAMA; Yuichi NAGAO; Masayuki YAMAZAKI; Xue Lian WANG; Eri KUMASAKI

2009-01-01

375

Better team management--better team care?  

PubMed

Team building should not be a 'bolt-on' extra, it should be a well planned, integrated part of developing teams and assisting their leaders. When asked to facilitate team building by a group of NHS managers we developed a framework which enabled individual members of staff to become more effective in the way they communicated with each other, their teams and in turn within the organization. Facing the challenge posed by complex organizational changes, staff were able to use 3 training days to increase and develop their awareness of the principles of teamwork, better team management, and how a process of leadership and team building could help yield better patient care. PMID:7952687

Shelley, P; Powney, B

1994-01-01

376

A Multidisciplinary Clerkship in Geriatric Medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

A multidisciplinary clerkship was developed as a required course for third year medical students. The drawbacks of traditional medical education as it applies to the field of geriatrics are reviewed. The development of a week-long clerkship in geriatric medicine is described with special focus on a multidisciplinary geriatric home assessment required of all students. Evaluation of the clerkship and the

Cynthia Olsen; Judith Tangeman; Jeanne Lemkau

1992-01-01

377

Working  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A new special section in the New York Times, Working, features articles on the American worker. For example, the current issue contains stories on the contrast between the recent trend in layoffs and employers's complaints that they are unable to fill job openings; what is "retaining and motivating...the American worker"; and the shortage of qualified legal talent. The site also offers a great deal of career and job advice such as an article on non-traditional jobs, job forecasts, and office design. Interviews include an audio piece with Robert B. Reich, the former US Secretary of Labor. And of course, what would a newspaper section on work be without a link to the Dilbert comic strip?

378

Towards understanding the relationship between team climate and software quality - a quasi-experimental study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an empirical study that examined the work climate within software development teams. The question was\\u000a whether the team climate in software developer teams has any relation to software product quality. We define team climate\\u000a as the shared perceptions of the team’s work procedures and practices. The team climate factors examined were West and Anderson’s\\u000a participative safety, support

Silvia Teresita Acuña; Marta Gómez; Natalia Juristo Juzgado

2008-01-01

379

An innovative, multidisciplinary strategy to improve retention of nursing students from disadvantaged backgrounds.  

PubMed

Nursing students from disadvantaged backgrounds must overcome many barriers in order to succeed. This article will focus on how a multidisciplinary team helped 76 percent of these high-risk students persist in their nursing programs by addressing some of these barriers. Three baccalaureate nursing schools in the Texas Medical Center embarked on a three-year retention program designed to enhance the success of students identified by federal criteria as being at risk. Multidisciplinary teams led various activities, including a study skills component, which included preparing for lectures, taking notes, critical thinking, and test-taking strategies. Also addressed were written and oral communication skills, medical terminology, critical thinking, career coaching, and socialization activities. Collaboration among faculty and students at the three schools was key to the success of the program. PMID:22235693

Igbo, Immaculata N; Straker, Kathleen C; Landson, Margie J; Symes, Lene; Bernard, Lillian F; Hughes, Lisa A; Carroll, Theresa L

380

Social work in the Veterans Administration hospital system: impact of the work.  

PubMed

Social workers in the Veterans Administration (VA) hospital system are faced with numerous challenges to best address the ongoing health and mental health needs of those who serve in the military. Social workers in the VA system serve diverse roles on the multidisciplinary medical teams and mental health services and are integral to the VA hospital environment. Most social workers feel positive about their work and their contributions to the care of the military. Despite positive feelings about their work, social workers are also prone to compassion fatigue and burnout as the work, especially with returning veterans from Afghanistan/Iraq, often extracts a toll. This article details the experience of social workers in the VA hospital system; it describes the impact of the work on the social workers, noting levels of compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue, and burnout. PMID:22967019

Beder, Joan; Postiglione, Paul; Strolin-Goltzman, Jessica

2012-01-01

381

A multiple case study: The perceptions and experiences of four research scientist-science teacher teams, in a Scientific Work Experience Program for Teachers (SWEPT)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientific Work Experience Programs for Teachers (SWEPT) are a form of professional development that engages science teachers in real-world science. The teacher undertakes research in the expectation of being able to involve students in similar, inquiry-based activities back in the classroom. At the heart of each program is a mentored relationship between a teacher and a research scientist who collaborate

Herbert Craig Wilson

2001-01-01

382

A Multidisciplinary Teamwork Training Program: The Triad for Optimal Patient Safety (TOPS) Experience  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION Communication and teamwork failures are a common cause of adverse events. Residency programs, with a mandate to teach systems-based practice, are particularly challenged to address these important skills. AIM To develop a multidisciplinary teamwork training program focused on teaching teamwork behaviors and communication skills. SETTING Internal medicine residents, hospitalists, nurses, pharmacists, and all other staff on a designated inpatient medical unit at an academic medical center. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION We developed a 4-h teamwork training program as part of the Triad for Optimal Patient Safety (TOPS) project. Teaching strategies combined didactic presentation, facilitated discussion using a safety trigger video, and small-group scenario-based exercises to practice effective communication skills and team behaviors. Development, planning, implementation, delivery, and evaluation of TOPS Training was conducted by a multidisciplinary team. PROGRAM EVALUATION We received 203 evaluations with a mean overall rating for the training of 4.49?±?0.79 on a 1–5 scale. Participants rated the multidisciplinary educational setting highly at 4.59?±?0.68. DISCUSSION We developed a multidisciplinary teamwork training program that was highly rated by all participating disciplines. The key was creating a shared forum to learn about and discuss interdisciplinary communication and teamwork. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s11606-008-0793-8) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Fox, Michael; Vidyarthi, Arpana R.; Sharpe, Bradley A.; Gearhart, Susan; Bookwalter, Thomas; Barker, Jack; Alldredge, Brian K.; Blegen, Mary A.; Wachter, Robert M.

2008-01-01

383

Space Shuttle Independent Assessment Team (SIAT) Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Review Panel Report represents the work of a review team contracted by NASA to analyze its programs and practices. The 135-page "Space Shuttle Independent Assessment Team (SIAT) Report" reviews the Space Shuttle's "sub-systems and maintenance practices." The report identifies systemic problems and organizes them into nine main issues, discusses technical issues, and offers recommendations. An additional report, from the Mars Independent Assessment Team chaired by Thomas Young, will be available by the end of March.

384

Multidisciplinary Obstetric Simulated Emergency Scenarios (MOSES): Promoting Patient Safety in Obstetrics with Teamwork-Focused Interprofessional Simulations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Introduction: We describe an example of simulation-based interprofessional continuing education, the multidisciplinary obstetric simulated emergency scenarios (MOSES) course, which was designed to enhance nontechnical skills among obstetric teams and, hence, improve patient safety. Participants' perceptions of MOSES courses, their learning, and…

Freeth, Della; Ayida, Gubby; Berridge, Emma Jane; Mackintosh, Nicola; Norris, Beverley; Sadler, Chris; Strachan, Alasdair

2009-01-01

385

Deficiencies in provision of integrated multidisciplinary podiatry care for patients with inflammatory arthritis: A UK district general hospital experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundFoot problems are highly prevalent in inflammatory arthritis (IA), especially rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Chronic inflammation can lead to permanent structural changes, deformity and disability. Early podiatry intervention in RA improves long term outcomes. National guidelines recommend that patients should be treated by a multidisciplinary team with dedicated podiatry services. In clinical practice funding constraints limit availability of these services.

M. Juarez; E. Price; D. Collins; L. Williamson

2010-01-01

386

Multidisciplinary Obstetric Simulated Emergency Scenarios (MOSES): Promoting Patient Safety in Obstetrics with Teamwork-Focused Interprofessional Simulations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: We describe an example of simulation-based interprofessional continuing education, the multidisciplinary obstetric simulated emergency scenarios (MOSES) course, which was designed to enhance nontechnical skills among obstetric teams and, hence, improve patient safety. Participants' perceptions of MOSES courses, their learning, and…

Freeth, Della; Ayida, Gubby; Berridge, Emma Jane; Mackintosh, Nicola; Norris, Beverley; Sadler, Chris; Strachan, Alasdair

2009-01-01

387

Relationship of Individual Difference and Group Process Variables with Self-Managed Team Performance: A Field Investigation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The efficacy of dispositional individual difference team composition and group process variables in explaining team performance was examined for 1, 030 military officers working in 92 teams over a 5-week period. The teams were assessed on both input varia...

M. H. Jordan

2001-01-01

388

TEAM EMOTION RECOGNITION ACCURACY AND TEAM PERFORMANCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teams' emotional skills can be more than the sum of their individual parts. Although theory emphasizes emotion as an interpersonal adapta- tion, emotion recognition skill has long been conceptualized as an indi- vidual-level intelligence. We introduce the construct of team emotion recognition accuracy (TERA) - the ability of members to recognize teammates' emotions - and present preliminary evidence for its

Hillary Anger Elfenbein; Jeffrey T. Polzer; Nalini Ambady

389

Developing Trust in Virtual Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rapid globalization, advances in technology, flatter organizational structures, synergistic cooperation among firms, and a shift to knowledge work environments have led to the increasing use of virtual teams in organizations. Selecting, training, and socializing employees in virtual teamwork has therefore become an important human resource…

Germain, Marie-Line

2011-01-01

390

Teams Explore the Whole Frog  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the content and organization of a laboratory session in which student teams work on the organs, tissues, and parasites of a pithed frog. The procedure maximizes participation by every student, makes possible the fullest use of each frog, and permits a rather broad study in a limited time. (JR)

Cessna, Clair E.

1973-01-01

391

Developing Trust in Virtual Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Rapid globalization, advances in technology, flatter organizational structures, synergistic cooperation among firms, and a shift to knowledge work environments have led to the increasing use of virtual teams in organizations. Selecting, training, and socializing employees in virtual teamwork has therefore become an important human resource…

Germain, Marie-Line

2011-01-01

392

Multidisciplinary Management of Laryngeal Carcinoma  

SciTech Connect

The management of head and neck cancer has evolved into a multidisciplinary approach in which patients are evaluated before treatment and decisions depend on prospective multi-institutional trials, as well as retrospective outcome studies. The choice of one or more modalities to use in a given case varies with the tumor site and extent, as exemplified in the treatment of laryngeal squamous cell carcinomas. The goals of treatment include cure, laryngeal voice preservation, voice quality, optimal swallowing, and minimal xerostomia. Treatment options include transoral laser excision, radiotherapy (both definitive and postoperative), open partial laryngectomy, total laryngectomy, and neck dissection. The likelihood of local control and preservation of laryngeal function is related to tumor volume. Patients who have a relatively high risk of local recurrence undergo follow-up computed tomography scans every 3-4 months for the first 2 years after radiotherapy. Patients with suspicious findings on computed tomography might benefit from fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography to differentiate post-radiotherapy changes from tumor.

Mendenhall, William M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL (United States)], E-mail: mendewil@shands.ufl.edu; Mancuso, Anthony A. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL (United States); Hinerman, Russell W.; Malyapa, Robert S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL (United States); Werning, John W. [Department of Otolaryngology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL (United States); Amdur, Robert J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL (United States); Villaret, Douglas B. [Department of Otolaryngology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL (United States)

2007-10-01

393

Staged separation of craniopagus conjoined twins: a multidisciplinary approach.  

PubMed

During 2003 and 2004, a multidisciplinary team at the Children's Hospital at Montefiore, Bronx, New York, successfully separated twin infants who presented with a total craniopagus vertical O'Connell type 1 conjoining. The twins underwent a series of four staged separation procedures over 10 months. The first three stages involved performing gradual circumferential craniotomies, dividing the dura, ligating large and small bridging veins, separating abutting brains, and inserting skin expanders. The fourth stage involved dividing the remaining dura and veins, transecting shared brain tissue not detected in preoperative imaging, replacing dura in twin B, and replacing skin over native dura in twin A. Planning and carrying out separation of the conjoined twins required organization and cooperation of all the disciplines involved to prepare the children preoperatively, care for them perioperatively and postoperatively, and support the mother during the process. PMID:22840503

Kho Uy, Esther; Speranza, Mary; Wong, Clemencia S

2012-08-01

394

[Turner syndrome in adulthood: the need for multidisciplinary care].  

PubMed

Turner syndrome is the result of the complete or partial absence of one X-chromosome. As well as short stature and gonadal dysgenesis, a wide range of abnormalities which may not present themselves until adulthood, are seen in nearly every organ system. Adult women with this syndrome have a reduced estimated life expectancy due to the greatly increased risk of structural abnormalities of the heart and aorta, and of other cardiovascular disease. The latter is due to the higher prevalence of hypertension, type-2 diabetes mellitus and dyslipidaemia. Furthermore, Turner syndrome in adulthood is characterized by infertility and oestrogen substitution is often necessary. Due to the diverse and interconnected nature of these problems, women with Turner syndrome benefit from coordinated medical care provided by a multidisciplinary outpatient team including an internist-endocrinologist, a gynaecologist and a cardiologist. We advise a periodic medical screening of women with this syndrome. PMID:17727182

Freriks, K; Beerendonk, C C M; Timmermans, J; Braat, D D M; Hermus, A R M M; Timmers, H J L M

2007-07-21

395

Coordinated multidisciplinary care for Huntington's disease. An outpatient department.  

PubMed

Huntington's disease is characterised by a complex set of motor, neuropsychologic and psychiatric symptoms which start slowly and progress over many years to a state of complete dependency. The symptomatic treatment during the ambulatory years is divers. In the northern part of the Netherlands coordinated multidisciplinary care is offered to patients diagnosed with Huntington's disease. A team of a neurologist, psychologist, occupational therapist, speech and language therapist, social worker and nursing home doctor monitors the patient and companion on a half-year basis and provide them with a plan of care. A case manager coordinates the plan of care in the dwelling place of the patient. In this article this type of care is outlined and illustrated with case histories. PMID:19576265

Veenhuizen, Ruth B; Tibben, Aad

2009-07-01

396

A multidisciplinary approach to the study of the fluminense vegetation.  

PubMed

The fluminense vegetation, more specifically the flora from the Jurubatiba restinga has been investigated by a multidisciplinary team of botanists, chemist, radiobiologist, insect physiologists and geneticist. Vouchers of 564 specimens have been collected, identified, organized in an herbarium, and a database is being build up containing, in addition to classical botanical data, chemical data and information on the potential economic use either for landscape gardening, alternative foods or as medicinal plants. Phytochemical studies of the Guttiferae, Clusia hilariana, yielded oleanolic acid and nemorosone. Their biological activities against the haematophagous insect Rhodnius prolixus vector of Chagas disease have been investigated. Finally, it has been observed that aquatic plants possessed high levels of the natural radionuclide polonium-210, which seems to be originated mainly from soil rather than from atmospheric supply. PMID:11960185

Kelecom, Alphonse; Reis, Geisa L; Fevereiro, Paulo C A; Silva, Janie G; Santos, Marcelo G; Mello Neto, Cicero B; Gonzalez, Marcelo S; Gouvea, Rita C S; Almeida, Gilberto S S

2002-03-01

397

Team helps hospital avoid readmission penalties.  

PubMed

Bassett Medical Center's readmission project cut 30-day readmissions by up to 70% for the highest-risk patients and resulted in the medical center being one of only 20 hospitals in New York State that did not incur readmission penalties from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. The care coordination team includes case managers, social workers, and patient service coordinators who set up post-acute services and call at-risk patients within a day of their discharge. Case managers round with physicians and refer patients who have psychosocial needs to the social workers for follow up. Continuing care coordinators at primary care offices attend multidisciplinary rounds with the hospital team and receive detailed information about the hospital stay. PMID:23614158

2013-04-01

398

Leader Delegation and Trust in Global Software Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Virtual teams are an important work structure in global software development. The distributed team structure enables access to a diverse set of expertise which is often not available in one location, to a cheaper labor force, and to a potentially accelerated development process that uses a twenty-four hour work structure. Many software teams

Zhang, Suling

2008-01-01

399

Effects of organizational support on components of virtual project teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Virtual project teams are teams whose members use technology to varying degrees in working across locational, temporal, and relational boundaries to accomplish an interdependent task. Work in virtual project teams is a challenge for many organizations. Having studied the issue for several years, the authors propose in this paper to delve deeper into the question from the point

Nathalie Drouin; Mario Bourgault; Caroline Gervais

2010-01-01

400

Developing emotional intelligence as a means to increase team performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of work teams continue to be an area receiving attention in academic fields. Team work, has, over the past few years, become integral component of many workplaces. One area which is emerging as a key indicator of team task performance is emotional intelligence. Emotional intelligence is the ability to accurately appraise and express emotion in oneself and others.

Lyn Murphy

2009-01-01

401

Tiger Team audits  

SciTech Connect

This paper will address the purpose, scope, and approach of the Department of Energy Tiger Team Assessments. It will use the Tiger Team Assessment experience of Sandia National Laboratories at Albuquerque, New Mexico, as illustration.

Cheney, G.T.

1992-01-01

402

Tiger Team audits  

SciTech Connect

This paper will address the purpose, scope, and approach of the Department of Energy Tiger Team Assessments. It will use the Tiger Team Assessment experience of Sandia National Laboratories at Albuquerque, New Mexico, as illustration.

Cheney, G.T.

1992-03-01

403

Your Dialysis Care Team  

MedlinePLUS

... Disease A to Z Health Guide Your Dialysis Care Team Good health care is always a team ... your family improve your quality of life. Patient Care Technician and Biomedical Technician There are two kinds ...

404

Health Care Team  

MedlinePLUS

... Home Kidney Disease A to Z Health Guide Health Care Team Good health care is always a team effort - especially for people ... chronic kidney failure. Since each member of the health care staff contributes to your care, it is important ...

405

Clinical features and multidisciplinary approaches to dementia care  

PubMed Central

Dementia is a clinical syndrome of widespread progressive deterioration of cognitive abilities and normal daily functioning. These cognitive and behavioral impairments pose considerable challenges to individuals with dementia, along with their family members and caregivers. Four primary dementia classifications have been defined according to clinical and research criteria: 1) Alzheimer’s disease; 2) vascular dementias; 3) frontotemporal dementias; and 4) dementia with Lewy bodies/Parkinson’s disease dementia. The cumulative efforts of multidisciplinary healthcare teams have advanced our understanding of dementia beyond basic descriptions, towards a more complete elucidation of risk factors, clinical symptoms, and neuropathological correlates. The characterization of disease subtypes has facilitated targeted management strategies, advanced treatments, and symptomatic care for individuals affected by dementia. This review briefly summarizes the current state of knowledge and directions of dementia research and clinical practice. We provide a description of the risk factors, clinical presentation, and differential diagnosis of dementia. A summary of multidisciplinary team approaches to dementia care is outlined, including management strategies for the treatment of cognitive impairments, functional deficits, and behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. The needs of individuals with dementia are extensive, often requiring care beyond traditional bounds of medical practice, including pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic management interventions. Finally, advanced research on the early prodromal phase of dementia is reviewed, with a focus on change-point models, trajectories of cognitive change, and threshold models of pathological burden. Future research goals are outlined, with a call to action for social policy initiatives that promote preventive lifestyle behaviors, and healthcare programs that will support the growing number of individuals affected by dementia.

Grand, Jacob HG; Caspar, Sienna; MacDonald, Stuart WS

2011-01-01

406

Interprofessional education through shadowing experiences in multi-disciplinary clinical settings  

PubMed Central

The World Health Organization has recently added Interprofessional Education (IPE) to its global health agenda recognizing it as a necessary component of all health professionals' education. We suggest mandatory interprofessional shadowing experiences as a mechanism to be used by chiropractic institutions to address this agenda. IPE initiatives of other professions (pharmacy and medicine) are described along with chiropractic. This relative comparison of professions local to our jurisdiction in Ontario, Canada is made so that the chiropractic profession may take note that they are behind other health care providers in implementing IPE. Interprofessional shadowing experiences would likely take place in a multi-disciplinary clinical setting. We offer an example of how two separate professions within a Family Health Team (FHT) can work together in such a setting to enhance both student learning and patient care. For adult learners, using interprofessional shadowing experiences with learner-derived and active objectives across diverse health professional groups may help to improve the educational experience. Mandatory interprofessional shadowing experiences for chiropractors during their training can enhance future collaborative practice and provide success in reaching a goal common to each profession - improved patient care.

2010-01-01

407

Modeling team performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study of 3366 Bundesliga-match results aims at a considerable extension of previous analyses of football teams’ performance\\u000a on the playground. On the one hand, this extension is rooted in a comprehensive consideration of theoretical aspects that,\\u000a so far, have been neglected in the literature on football teams: Team composition and institutionalization processes. The\\u000a empirical results indicate that teams that

Nikolaus Beck; Mark Meyer

2012-01-01

408

Framework for managing multicultural project teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present literature that suggests that project teams comprising members from culturally diverse backgrounds bring fresh ideas and new approaches to problem solving. The challenge, however, is that they also introduce different understandings and expectations regarding team dynamics and integration. The question becomes how a project manager can effectively work and influence

Edward Godfrey Ochieng; Andrew David Price

2009-01-01

409

Social roles for taskability in robot teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper demonstrates the use of social roles to enable taskability in multi-robot teams based on a study of roles from the social sciences as well as related work in software agents. It first provides a survey of the current state of role- based robotics. Then, it offers specific examples of how roles can enable behavior with a team of

Matthew T. Long; Robin R. Murphy; James Hicinbothom

2007-01-01

410

Team Leader; Refugee Welfare Field Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The preparatory manual is one of a series produced by the Refugee Welfare Training Team in Qui Nhon, Binh-Dinh Province, Vietnam, for use in training teams of government personnel to work with refugees. The purpose was to improve living conditions, overcome lethargy and despair, develop a community structure, engage group action, and prepare for…

Neal, Thomas

411

Back Pain Outcome Assessment Team. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The final report was developed under grant No. HS 06344 by the Back Pain Outcome Assessment Team for the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR). Back pain is a leading reason for physician visits, hospitalization, and work disability. The team...

R. A. Deyo

1997-01-01

412

Student Teams Learning to Cope with Conflict  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because employers want workers who can successfully run meetings and manage teams with diverse characteristics, conflict management is a skill that every business graduate should possess. The purpose of the study was to identify the most popular and effective ways that students used to manage conflicts when working on team projects. A survey was…

Winter, Janet; Neal, Joan C.; Waner, Karen K.

2005-01-01

413

The School Based Supervision Team: An Alternative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes the organization and function of a school based supervision team and its role in teacher education. The teachers that comprise the team are working staff members in a secondary school. They maintain their teaching responsibilities while taking the responsibility as coordinators of the total on-site preservice program at…

Deakins, Karen; And Others

414

Multidisciplinary approach of colorectal liver metastases.  

PubMed

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most common cause of cancer death in Spain. Fifty percent of patients will develop colorectal liver metastases (CLM) during the course of the disease. Less than 20% of patients with CLM are initially resectable and for them 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) is about 20-25%, with a high recurrence rate. CLM is a heterogeneous disease. From a clinical point of view, four main groups can be differentiated: initially resectable, not optimally resectable, unresectable that could be resectable and unresectable that never will be likely to be resected. Treatment of CLM must be established, always, in a multidisciplinary team discussion with an analysis of prognostic factors and resectability. For patients with resectable CLM, the EORTC trial 364 demonstrated that chemotherapy plus surgery is better than surgery alone. Consequently most patients should be treated with perioperative chemotherapy based on oxaliplatin, and if resection has been done without chemotherapy, they should receive adjuvant chemotherapy after R0 resection. Based on oncological factors, the 5-year survival rate after resection of CLM ranges from 60% to only 14% with a poor score. If a patient has more than one of the poor prognostic factors he should probably be referred for preoperative (induction) chemotherapy. Only a minority of patients with CLM are amenable to surgery; therefore, efforts have been made to increase the percentage of patients who could be candidates for resection. Studies, mostly retrospective, have confirmed the ability of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (conversion chemotherapy) to render some metastases resectable. The regimens we must use depend on the KRAS mutational status and the toxicity profiles of drugs in the context of each patient. In k-ras mutated tumours we can use bevacizumab combined with standard chemotherapy or concomitant administration of the three active agents (FOLFOXIRI) in suitable patients. In k-ras wild-type patients, the combination of cetuximab and FOLFIRI-FOLFOX improved response rates and resection rate in phase III-II trials. With a lower level of evidence, panitumumab is an alternative combined with FOLFOX. Bevacizumab is also an alternative as it does not depend on KRAS status. Radiotherapy is becoming an alternative in selected patients, where surgery is not an alternative. For the majority of patients, who will never be resectable, the continuum of care with chemotherapy will be the paradigm for their management. PMID:21975333

Juez, I; Rubio, C; Figueras, J

2011-10-01

415

Leadership of Creative Teams.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined leadership in 16 research and 16 nonresearch teams in various manufacturing, aerospace, and health services companies. It concluded that research team leaders need to be able to fulfill a public relations or boundary management role. Engineering research teams, however, showed leadership patterns suggesting different needs for…

Kolb, Judith A.

1992-01-01

416

Team Evolution and Maturation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report represents culmination of three years of research on Team Evaluation and Maturation (TEAM) in the Navy. Participants in this research during a period of three years were ships team members engaged in training and their instructors at Naval Gun...

A. S. Glicknam S. Zimmer

1989-01-01

417

Multidisciplinary Optimization Methods for Aircraft Preliminary Design.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper describes a research program aimed at improved methods for multidisciplinary design and optimization of large-scale aeronautical systems. The research involves new approaches to system decomposition, interdisciplinary communication, and methods...

I. Kroo I. Sobieski P. Gage R. Braun S. Altus

2004-01-01

418

Developing high-performance cross-functional teams: Understanding motivations, functional loyalties, and teaming fundamentals  

SciTech Connect

Teamwork is the key to the future of effective technology management. Today`s technologies and markets have become too complex for individuals to work alone. Global competition, limited resources, cost consciousness, and time pressures have forced organizations and project managers to encourage teamwork. Many of these teams will be cross-functional teams that can draw on a multitude of talents and knowledge. To develop high-performing cross-functional teams, managers must understand motivations, functional loyalties, and the different backgrounds of the individual team members. To develop a better understanding of these issues, managers can learn from experience and from literature on teams and teaming concepts. When studying the literature to learn about cross-functional teaming, managers will find many good theoretical concepts, but when put into practice, these concepts have varying effects. This issue of varying effectiveness is what drives the research for this paper. The teaming concepts were studied to confirm or modify current understanding. The literature was compared with a {open_quotes}ground truth{close_quotes}, a survey of the reality of teaming practices, to examine the teaming concepts that the literature finds to be critical to the success of teams. These results are compared to existing teams to determine if such techniques apply in real-world cases.

Miller, M.A.

1996-08-01

419

Multidisciplinary management of soft tissue sarcoma.  

PubMed

Soft tissue sarcoma is a rare malignancy, with approximately 11,000 cases per year encountered in the United States. It is primarily encountered in adults but can affect patients of any age. There are many histologic subtypes and the malignancy can be low or high grade. Appropriate staging work up includes a physical exam, advanced imaging, and a carefully planned biopsy. This information is then used to guide the discussion of definitive treatment of the tumor which typically involves surgical resection with a negative margin in addition to neoadjuvant or adjuvant external beam radiation. Advances in imaging and radiation therapy have made limb salvage surgery the standard of care, with local control rates greater than 90% in most modern series. Currently, the role of chemotherapy is not well defined and this treatment is typically reserved for patients with metastatic or recurrent disease and for certain histologic subtypes. The goal of this paper is to review the current state of the art in multidisciplinary management of soft tissue sarcoma. PMID:23983648

Nystrom, Lukas M; Reimer, Nickolas B; Reith, John D; Dang, Long; Zlotecki, Robert A; Scarborough, Mark T; Gibbs, C Parker

2013-07-28

420

Considering Subcontractors in Distributed Scrum Teams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this chapter we present our experiences with working with subcontractors in distributed Scrum teams. The context of our experiences is a medium size software service provider company. We present the way the subcontractors are selected and how Scrum practices can be used in real-life projects. We discuss team arrangements and tools used in distributed development teams highlighting aspects that are important when working with subcontractors. We also present an illustrative example where different phases of a project working with subcontractors are described. The example also provides practical tips on work in such projects. Finally, we present a summary of our data that was collected from Scrum and non-Scrum projects implemented over a few years. This chapter should provide a practical point of view on working with subcontractors in Scrum teams for those who are considering such cooperation.

Rudzki, Jakub; Hammouda, Imed; Mikkola, Tuomas; Mustonen, Karri; Systä, Tarja

421

[Requisites for the leader of a stroke team].  

PubMed

I discussed on requisites for the reader of stroke team. Acute stroke management in a stroke unit (SU) can reduce the mortality and morbidity, and improve the long-term ADL and quality of life (QOL). The SU is a ward specializing in stroke where multidisciplinary stroke team performs intensive medical treatment and early rehabilitation. It is generally recommended that a manager or head in a hospital department should meet several requirements including achievements of theses, a license for his/her medical specialty, activities in scientific societies, etc. In addition, the most important for the leader of a stroke team is the ability to teach young stroke neurologists and other stroke team members with enthusiasm, confidence, politeness, and a tender heart. The theory of the group dynamics indicates that only a powerful reader can educate powerful followers, and vice versa. PMID:23196537

Minematsu, Kazuo

2012-01-01

422

Report of Management Training Specialists Team, Brazil.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document summarizes the activities of a management training team which was assigned the responsibility of working with trainers of managers in 15 Productivity Centers in Brazil, of demonstrating improved techniques at the local plant level, of giving ...

R. C. Dietrick L. C. McAnly J. W. Quigg

1964-01-01

423

The Impact of Managerial Coaching on Learning Outcomes within the Team Context: An Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigates the relationship between coaching expertise, project difficulty, and team empowerment on team learning outcomes within the context of a high-performance work team. Variables were tested using multiple regression analysis. The data were analyzed for two groups--team leaders and team members--using t-tests, factor analysis,…

Hagen, Marcia; Aguilar, Mariya Gavrilova

2012-01-01

424

The Defacto System: Coordinating Human-Agent Teams for the Future of Disaster Response  

Microsoft Academic Search

Enabling effective interactions between agent teams and humans for disaster response is a critical area of research, with encouraging progress in the past few years. However, previous work suffers from two key limitations: (i) limited human situational awareness, reducing human effectiveness in directing agent teams and (ii) the agent team’s rigid interaction strategies that limit team performance. This paper presents

Nathan Schurr; Janusz Marecki; Milind Tambe; Paul Scerri; J. P. Lewis

2009-01-01

425

The Impact of Managerial Coaching on Learning Outcomes within the Team Context: An Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the relationship between coaching expertise, project difficulty, and team empowerment on team learning outcomes within the context of a high-performance work team. Variables were tested using multiple regression analysis. The data were analyzed for two groups--team leaders and team members--using t-tests, factor analysis,…

Hagen, Marcia; Aguilar, Mariya Gavrilova

2012-01-01

426

A Meta-Analysis of Research on Student Team Effectiveness: A Proposed Application of Phased Interventions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the increased emphasis on team work in the academic environment, managing a student team so that the team process is effective remains problematic. In fact, some professors believe students are being taught ineffective team behavior such as free loading or relying on star performers and procrastination . Most research on student team

Stephens, Charlotte S.

427

Adaptive leadership in trauma resuscitation teams: a grounded theory approach to video analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The detailed analysis of team interactions can be a source of insight into team processes and how teams interact with technology. Video recordings afford an exciting medium for such analysis. We describe a study of team leadership in the highly dynamic, high-stakes environment of trauma resuscitation. The study was conducted through video recording team activities in actual work settings and

Yan Xiao; F. Jacob Seagull; Colin F. Mackenzie; Katherine Klein

2004-01-01

428

Attributes of top elite team-handball players.  

PubMed

Researchers in the field of excellence in sport performance are become increasingly focused on the study of sport specific characteristics and requirements. In accordance, the purposes of this study were: (i) to examine the morphologic, fitness, handball-specific skills, psychological and "biosocial" differences between top elite and non-top elite team-handball players; and (ii) to investigate the extent to which they may be used to identify top elite team-handball players.One hundred sixty-seven adult male team-handball players were studied and divided in two groups: top elite (n=41) and non-top elite (n=126). Twenty-eight morphologic-, nine fitness-, one handball-specific skill-, two psychological- and two "biosocial"- based attributes were used. Top elite and non-top elite groups were compared on each variable of interest using Student's t-test, and five logistic regression analyses were performed with athlete's performance group (top elite or non-top elite) as the dependent variable and the variables of each category as predictors.Results showed that: (i) body mass, waist girth, radiale-dactylion length, midstylion-dactylion length and absolute muscle mass (morphologic model); (ii) 30-m sprint time, countermovement jump height and average power, abdominal strength and the class of performance in the Yo-Yo Intermittent Endurance Test (fitness model); (iii) offensive power (specific-skills model); (iv) Ego-based motivational orientation (psychological model); (v) socioeconomic status and the energy spent (for week) in handball activity (biosocial model); significantly (p < .05) contributed to predict the probability of an athlete be a top elite team-handball player. Moreover, the fitness model exhibited higher percentages of correctly classification (i.e.: 91.5%) than all the other models. This study provided (i) the rational to reduce the battery of tests for evaluation purposes; and (ii) the initial step to work on building a multidisciplinary model to predict the probability of a handball athlete be a top elite player. PMID:23591948

Massuça, Luís M; Fragoso, Isabel; Teles, Júlia

2013-04-15

429

Multidisciplinary unmanned technology teammate (MUTT)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. Army Tank Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Center (TARDEC) held an autonomous robot competition called CANINE in June 2012. The goal of the competition was to develop innovative and natural control methods for robots. This paper describes the winning technology, including the vision system, the operator interaction, and the autonomous mobility. The rules stated only gestures or voice commands could be used for control. The robots would learn a new object at the start of each phase, find the object after it was thrown into a field, and return the object to the operator. Each of the six phases became more difficult, including clutter of the same color or shape as the object, moving and stationary obstacles, and finding the operator who moved from the starting location to a new location. The Robotic Research Team integrated techniques in computer vision, speech recognition, object manipulation, and autonomous navigation. A multi-filter computer vision solution reliably detected the objects while rejecting objects of similar color or shape, even while the robot was in motion. A speech-based interface with short commands provided close to natural communication of complicated commands from the operator to the robot. An innovative gripper design allowed for efficient object pickup. A robust autonomous mobility and navigation solution for ground robotic platforms provided fast and reliable obstacle avoidance and course navigation. The research approach focused on winning the competition while remaining cognizant and relevant to real world applications.

Uzunovic, Nenad; Schneider, Anne; Lacaze, Alberto; Murphy, Karl; Del Giorno, Mark

2013-01-01

430

What influences patient decision-making in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis multidisciplinary care? A study of patient perspectives  

PubMed Central

Background Patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are required to make decisions concerning quality of life and symptom management over the course of their disease. Clinicians perceive that patients’ ability to engage in timely decision-making is extremely challenging. However, we lack patient perspectives on this issue. This study aimed to explore patient experiences of ALS, and to identify factors influencing their decision-making in the specialized multidisciplinary care of ALS. Methods An exploratory study was conducted. Fourteen patients from two specialized ALS multidisciplinary clinics participated in semistructured interviews that were audio recorded and transcribed. Data were analyzed for emergent themes. Results Decision-making was influenced by three levels of factors, ie, structural, interactional, and personal. The structural factor was the decision-making environment of specialized multidisciplinary ALS clinics, which supported decision-making by providing patients with disease-specific information and specialized care planning. Interactional factors were the patient experiences of ALS, including patients’ reaction to the diagnosis, response to deterioration, and engagement with the multidisciplinary ALS team. Personal factors were patients’ personal philosophies, including their outlook on life, perceptions of control, and planning for the future. Patient approaches to decision-making reflected a focus on the present, rather than anticipating future progression of the disease and potential care needs. Conclusion Decision-making for symptom management and quality of life in ALS care is enhanced when the patient’s personal philosophy is supported by collaborative relationships between the patient and the multidisciplinary ALS team. Patients valued the support provided by the multidisciplinary team; however, their focus on living in the present diverged from the efforts of health professionals to prepare patients and their carers for the future. The challenge facing health professionals is how best to engage each patient in decision-making for their future needs, to bridge this gap.

Hogden, Anne; Greenfield, David; Nugus, Peter; Kiernan, Matthew C

2012-01-01

431

Event criticality, urgency, and duration: Understanding how events disrupt teams and influence team leader intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research has begun to recognize the role leaders can play in enhancing semi-autonomous work team effectiveness. One recent approach suggests that leaders enhance team functioning by intervening in the context of specific events, where the effectiveness of active intervention strategies is moderated by event disruptiveness [Morgeson, F.P. (2005). The external leadership of self-managing teams: Intervening in the context of novel

Frederick P. Morgeson; D. Scott DeRue

2006-01-01

432

The multidisciplinary approach to mental health crisis management: an Australian example.  

PubMed

Changes within the Australian health care system have led many people with mental health disorders to use emergency departments as the point of access to mental health services. Staff in emergency departments are not necessarily equipped to assess the needs of such clients. This paper briefly describes the development of a multidisciplinary mental health liaison team, within the emergency department of one hospital in Sydney, which was designed to assist both staff and clients. Available evidence suggests the implementation of the team has been a success, however, more research is required to confirm the effectiveness of this approach. Questions are raised about appropriate referral and follow-up for some clients. The study also found deficiencies in the method of routine data collection (Emergency Department Identification System), which makes formal auditing of the team and the services it provides a difficult task. PMID:14723635

Webster, S; Harrison, L

2004-02-01

433

Developing Good Team-working Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article offers advice to educators on developing learners' collaboration skills through problem solving. The author presents six categories of tasks, each of which addresses a set of teamwork skills (e.g. listening, sharing, reflecting) and includes several tasks which could serve as the vehicle. Links to the tasks, printable materials, and other resources are included.

2010-05-01

434

Team Work: Sports and the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This lesson plan uses students' interest in sports to teach good citizenship. With its focus on rules, responsibility, conflict resolution, and teamwork, the unit emphasizes the development of critical thinking, decision-making, and citizenship skills in young people. This lesson plan is part of a series of fully prepared, interactive classroom…

Degelman, Charles; Hayes, Bill

435

Preliminary Study on Knowledge Activity Element of the Team Face to Face Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowledge work efficiency is becoming a serious worldwide problem, and more attention should be paid to improve the team knowledge work efficiency. Face to face communication is important link of the team knowledge work. Use for reference on \\

Li Su; Shuping Yi

2012-01-01

436

A Study of Collaborative Learning Style and Team Learning Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose ? Self-directed work teams are seen as an important mechanism for dealing with today's complex and rapidly changing business environment. Team learning is an attempt to prepare students to real-world experiences. But, not all teamwork is effective. This paper aims to examine the influence of learning style preferences on team learning…

Julie Yazici, Hulya

2005-01-01

437

The Relationship Between Team Friendships and Burnout Among Residential Counselors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between team friendships and burnout was investigated. The participants were counselors from 16 work teams in a short-term residential facility for emotionally disturbed children and adolescents that was located in the United States. The burnout dimensions were lack of personal accomplishment, emotional exhaustion, and depersonalization (Maslach & Jackson, 1986). Reciprocal nominations between team members were used as a

Louis J. Kruger; Garrett Bernstein; Harvey Botman

1995-01-01

438

We Gain More Than We Give: Teaming in Middle Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite increases in the number of middle school using interdisciplinary team teaching, many are struggling to articulate a clear defense of their teaming work in light of confounding and conflicting public demands. This compilation examines teaming in middle schools--its characteristics, knowledge base, current concerns and future adaptations.…

Dickinson, Thomas S., Ed.; Erb, Thomas O., Ed.

439

Poster: Which Crisis Intervention Best Serves Athletic Teams?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Critical incidents in sport are often related to injury, disability, and death. These incidents may involve a team member, coach, or individual closely associated with the team. The purpose of this paper is to review several well-known crisis interventions and discuss the pros and cons of each when working with athletic teams in schools and colleges.

Victoria Bacon

2008-01-01

440

A Study of Collaborative Learning Style and Team Learning Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose ? Self-directed work teams are seen as an important mechanism for dealing with today's complex and rapidly changing business environment. Team learning is an attempt to prepare students to real-world experiences. But, not all teamwork is effective. This paper aims to examine the influence of learning style preferences on team learning…

Julie Yazici, Hulya

2005-01-01

441

Managing Global Virtual Teams across Classrooms, Students and Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Virtual teams are becoming commonplace in business today so our business school students should have experience in effectively working in virtual teams. Based on a month-long virtual team project conducted by the authors between classes in South Africa and the United States, this paper discusses the opportunities and challenges of using global…

Shea, Timothy P.; Sherer, Pamela D.; Quilling, Rosemary D.; Blewett, Craig N.

2011-01-01

442

Measuring shared understanding of task-specific knowledge in slower-paced, non-emergency decision-making teams: A case study of shared mental models in United States Navy personnel qualification standards (PQS) teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teams are a distinguishable group of two or more individuals who work together on a common objective for a limited period of time. Successful completion of complex tasks often requires teams. For teams to work well, individual team members need a similar understanding about the task process they are to perform. Although research on shared understanding in teams has surfaced

Debra Lee Windlow OConnor

2004-01-01

443

Friere's dialogic concept enables family health program teams to incorporate health promotion.  

PubMed

ABSTRACT Objective: The study analyzes the possibility of incorporating health promotion measures into the work processes of Family Health Program teams at a primary health care clinic in Brazil. Design and Sample: We used the participatory research concept developed in 1968 by Freire. The study sample comprised the end-users of the health care system, together with 3 multidisciplinary teams. A total of 77 health care users and 55 health professionals participated in the study. Measures: Culture circles composed of health care professionals, and users from different areas investigated generative topics, encoded/decoded topics, and engaged in critical probing for clarification. Topics affecting quality of life and health were heuristically evaluated. Results: Although most topics were related to changing the focus of health care facilities, some were related to subsidizing community-based interventions, improving environmental strategies, individual skills, and public policies. Incorporating the novel health promotion measures and creating an expanded full-treatment clinic are important steps toward that goal. Conclusions: Topics that can stimulate dialogue among the members of the culture circles include creating an environment of closer cultural contact, with repercussions for work processes, family health models, and general health models, as well as the inclusion of social aspects in the decision-making processes related to health issues that affect the living conditions of the population. PMID:21732970

Heidemann, Ivonete T S B; Almeida, Maria C P

2010-11-14

444

WebBlow: a Web\\/agent-based multidisciplinary design optimization environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents some results of our recent work on the development of a distributed multidisciplinary design optimization (MDO) environment (called WebBlow) using a number of enabling technologies including software agents, Internet\\/Web, and XML. The objective is to provide a powerful solution for project managers and designers working on multiple design projects to share product information and knowledge, and to

Ying Daisy Wang; Weiming Shen; Hamada Ghenniwa

2003-01-01

445

Concurrent engineering teams. Volume 2: Annotated bibliography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Specific concurrent engineering practices vary among organizations. There are, however, various management practices that appear to work well for most organizations. This paper presents the reader with specific, useful examples from several defense contractors illustrating how multifunctional concurrent engineering teams are being organized and managed and how concurrent engineering team meetings are conducted and supported. The types of computer support that could be used to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of concurrent engineering team meetings are identified. The general findings are that there exists a direct relationship between total quality management (TQM) and concurrent engineering, and that many applications of computer-aided group problem solving are possible and practical today for the concurrent engineering team meetings. Areas identified for additional research are the documentation of the decision process and rationale during the product and process definition, the capturing of lessons learned during the implementation of concurrent engineering, and the performance evaluation and training of team members.

Richter, Karen J.; Dierolf, David A.

1990-11-01

446

A multilevel model of minority opinion expression and team decision-making effectiveness.  

PubMed

The consideration of minority opinions when making team decisions is an important factor that contributes to team effectiveness. A multilevel model of minority opinion influence in decision-making teams is developed to address the conditions that relate to adequate consideration of minority opinions. Using a sample of 57 teams working on a simulated airport security-screening task, we demonstrate that team learning goal orientation influences the confidence of minority opinion holders and team discussion. Team discussion, in turn, relates to minority influence, greater decision quality, and team satisfaction. Implications for managing decision-making teams in organizations are discussed. PMID:20718527

Park, Guihyun; Deshon, Richard P

2010-09-01

447

Antecedents of Transactive Memory Systems in Virtual Teams--The Role of Communication, Culture, and Team Size  

Microsoft Academic Search

One success factor of teams and organizations is an effectively managed knowledge management system (KMS). However, these systems are even hard to develop in regular face-to-face conditions. Virtual teams as a form of geographically dispersed work arrangement offer significant opportunities for companies and organizations around the globe. But besides the advantages of those teams they pose additional challenges to the

Bettina C. Riedl; Julia V. Gallenkamp; Arnold Picot; Isabell M. Welpe

2012-01-01

448

Dimensions of project team education: Past lessons, future directions  

SciTech Connect

Although neither the project office nor the company wants to turn the entire team into project managers, there is an opportunity to show the team how to work in the project system and be rewarded for it. Through education, the team can find credible answers to why and how they should be part of a project. This paper discusses the purpose and ways of educating these project teams. 2 refs., 4 figs.

Shirley, C.G.; Barr, G.W.; Byars, L.L.; Furaus, J.P.; Hands, J.A.; Hanks, K.W.; McMillen, D.E.; Seamons, L.O.; Walla, M.L.

1988-01-01

449

On the construction of a RoboCup small size league team  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Robot Soccer domain has become an important artificial intelligence test bench and a widely studied research area. It\\u000a is a domain with real, dynamic, and uncertain environment, where teams of robots cooperate and face adversarial competition.\\u000a To build a RoboCup Small Size League (SSL) team able to compete in the world championship requires multidisciplinary research\\u000a in fields like robotic

José Angelo Gurzoni Jr; Murilo Fernandes Martins; Flavio Tonidandel; Reinaldo A. C. Bianchi

2011-01-01

450

Development of a Geriatric Team: A Staff Development Educational Process in a Nursing Home.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A Finnish nursing home's team development process included brainstorming on the characteristics of good teams, profiling of team members' nursing skills, analysis of tasks, and identification of ways to improve work quality and information flow to residents. Team building required clarification of work structures, determination of the…

Pitkala, Kaisu H.; Niemi, Monica; Suomivuori, Lisbeth

2003-01-01

451

Nemesis Team Description 2009  

Microsoft Academic Search

In our study, we tried to develop our teams in such a way that machine learning techniques and advanced artificial intelligence tools have the main role in improving skills and increasing team performance. We consider soccer simulation platform as an uncertain and dynamic environment, so we develop learning algorithms according to this important feature and agent's partial observability.

Mehrab Norouzitallab; M. M Korjani; S. M. A Salehizadeh; Ahmad Pourshoghi; Danial Khashabi; Abbas Razaghpanah; Pooria Kaviani; Meisam Vosoughpour

2009-01-01

452

Delaware's Dream Team  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To librarians at the Delaware Division of Libraries, Governor Ruth Ann Minner, Secretary of State Harriet Smith Windsor, and Assistant Secretary of State Rick Geisenberger are "the Delaware Dream Team." The governor and her team supported funding for the 2004 statewide effort that resulted in the Delaware Master Plan for Library Services and…

Berry, John N., III

2007-01-01

453

Nutrition in Team Sports  

Microsoft Academic Search

Team sports are based on intermittent high-intensity activity patterns, but the exact characteristics vary between and within codes, and from one game to the next. Despite the challenge of predicting exact game demands, performance in team sports is often dependent on nutritional factors. Chronic issues include achieving ideal levels of muscle mass and body fat, and supporting the nutrient needs

Iñigo Mujika; Louise M. Burke

2010-01-01

454

[Biopsychosocial approach in a multidisciplinary intervention: a report of a case of a newborn with mentally disabled parents].  

PubMed

A case report is presented of a newborn who was seen by the paediatric nurse a Primary Care clinic, and whose parents had mental disabilities. They had been followed up for years by the social services in their area, due to difficulties and limitations in their personal, social and employment development. They were also living in unhealthy conditions, so in order to address the problem, a multidisciplinary team of professionals from different areas was formed. We prepared a standardised care plan based on the model of the basic needs of Virginia Henderson. Using taxonomies of the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association (NANDA), Nursing Outcomes Classification's (NOC) and Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) "knowledge poor" and "parental impairment" diagnoses were made. The nursing and social work goals were to make an assessment, support and use comprehensive biopsychosocial family monitoring to enable the child to grow and develop in the best possible conditions, to monitor child protection and try to improve the living conditions of the home. The child and parents were initially monitored weekly and then monthly. The assessment showed an improvement in care: "background: infant care," "risk control: drug abuse" "child care: psychological security" and "execution of the role of parents." The joint and coordinated work of the various services involved was focused towards achieving the goals set, in order to give biopsychosocial care to the baby and family. PMID:22018775

Berlanga-Fernández, Sofía; González-López, Noelia; Cujó-López, Eva; López-Parada, Ana María

2011-10-22

455

Daily Practice Teams in Nursing Homes: Evidence From New York State  

PubMed Central

Purpose: Most health care organizations, including nursing homes, report having teams. However, little is known about everyday practice teams among staff providing direct resident care. We assess the prevalence of such teams in nursing homes as reported by direct care staff and administrators, and examine characteristics of facilities that foster these teams. Design and Methods: The analytical model is based on 149 nursing homes. Data sources include surveys of administrators (n = 292) and direct care staff (n = 6,867), and Online Survey Certification and Reporting System. Linear regression with robust standard errors and sampling probability weights is used to examine the relationship between daily practice teams and facility characteristics. Results: On average, 16% of workers per facility report practicing in formal multidisciplinary teams providing daily resident care. Team prevalence is 3.3% higher when managers view teams as very important for clinical care quality, 2.6% higher when the directors of nursing report formally organized teams, 2.5% higher for each 10% increase in workers' involvement in teams other than the daily practice teams, and 1.95% higher for each 1-hr increase in nursing hours. Implications: Our study shows that multidisciplinary daily practice teams can be found in most facilities in our large sample, but their penetration within nursing homes is far from pervasive; in 72% of facilities, staff report team prevalence of less than 25%. Given that the majority of managers report teamwork as very important to their facilities' operations, we discuss why only a relatively small proportion of daily care is provided in this fashion.

Temkin-Greener, Helena; Cai, Shubing; Katz, Paul; Zhao, Hongwei; Mukamel, Dana B.

2009-01-01

456

Learning and understanding in virtual teams.  

PubMed

There are sufficient reasons to conclude that virtual education is not just hype. There are, among others, economic motivations such as bringing one learning module to a larger audience of learners, and pragmatic reasons such as achieving flexibility in time and space for learning, which is especially important for adult learners. However, from a pedagogic point of view there are some doubts. Current technologies meant for learning and working in teams are often designed for functional collaboration (e.g., sharing documents, communicating), but fail to support learning, understanding and team forming (e.g., carrying out pedagogically adequate tasks, understanding each other's work and group dynamic processes) in virtual teams. In order to understand virtual teams, we need to know how we can study learning and understanding in virtual teams. Interesting research questions are: Which concepts are important in understanding virtual teams? How can we measure those concepts, and in what type of setting (e.g., experimental study, case study)? The aim of this special issue is to provide and discuss concepts and pragmatic insights in research on learning and understanding in virtual teams. The aim of this article is to set the stage for those articles. PMID:15140357

Kirschner, Paul A; Van Bruggen, Jan

2004-04-01

457

Social work in the Veterans Health Administration (VA) System: rewards, challenges, roles and interventions.  

PubMed

For the social worker in the Veterans Health Administration (VA) System, numerous challenges are faced and met while serving the nation's Veterans. As part of the multidisciplinary team, social workers perform a variety of tasks and function in diverse roles. The qualitative survey research reported in this article sought to detail what social workers identified about the impact and rewards of their work and what they saw as the challenges and frustrations. In addition the social workers were asked to clarify their role with the patient and the family. Intervention strategies used in the course of the social workers interaction with the Veterans was also ascertained. PMID:23701576

Beder, Joan; Postiglione, Paul

2013-01-01

458

Effective team management by district nurses.  

PubMed

This article considers the key role played by the district nurse in managing the district nursing team in order to provide high quality health care. It considers how the district nurse can use key managerial roles (interpersonal, informational and decision-making) in order to ensure unity within the team. The importance of shared goals and trust to achieve unity is explored and a strategy for managing conflict is discussed. Finally, the article suggests a set of ground rules which could be used to facilitate effective team working. PMID:15655486

Bliss, Julie

2004-12-01

459

The Team as a Learning Strategy: Three Cases of Team-Based Production in the Swedish Manufacturing Industry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose--The purpose of this paper is to increase understanding of how the introduction of a team-based work organization can affect the opportunities to learn at work. Two research questions are addressed: "What conditions are important for learning and competence development in a team-based work organization?" and "To what extent does a…

Kock, Henrik

2007-01-01

460

Impact of a multidisciplinary management strategy on the outcome of patients with native valve infective endocarditis.  

PubMed

Strategies to improve management of patients with native valve endocarditis (NVE) are needed because of persistently high morbidity and mortality. We sought to assess the impact of an operative protocol of multidisciplinary approach on the outcome of patients with NVE. A formal policy for the care of infective endocarditis was introduced at our hospital in 2003 in which patients were referred to and managed by a preexisting team involving a cardiologist, a specialist in infectious diseases, and a cardiac surgeon. The initial multidisciplinary evaluation was performed within 12 hours of admission. Whenever conditions associated with impending hemodynamic impairment, high-risk for systemic embolization, or unsuccessful medical therapy were found, patients were operated on within 48 hours. Stable patients were evaluated weekly by the multidisciplinary team, and on-treatment surgery was performed whenever the above high-risk conditions had developed. Comparing the period 2003 through 2009 with 1996 through 2002 (when a multidisciplinary policy was not followed), patients were more numerous (190 vs 102), older (mean age 59.1 vs 54.2, p = 0.01), and had more co-morbidities (mean Charlson index 3.01 vs 2.31, p = 0.02). The pattern of infection did not change in terms of valve infected or paravalvular complications. In the second period, fewer patients had culture-negative NVE (8% vs 21%, p = 0.01) and worsened renal function (37% vs 58%, p = 0.001). A significant reduction in overall in-hospital mortality (28% to 13%, p = 0.02), mortality for surgery during the active phase (47% to 13%, p ?0.001), and 3-year mortality (34% vs 16%, p = 0.0007) was observed. In conclusion, formalized, collaborative management led to significant improvement in NVE-related mortality, notwithstanding the less favorable patients' baseline characteristics. PMID:23831163

Chirillo, Fabio; Scotton, Piergiorgio; Rocco, Francesco; Rigoli, Roberto; Borsatto, Francesca; Pedrocco, Alessandra; De Leo, Alessandro; Minniti, Giuseppe; Polesel, Elvio; Olivari, Zoran

2013-07-05

461

Team physician consensus statement.  

PubMed

The objective of the Team Physician Consensus Statement is to provide physicians, school administrators, team owners, the general public, and individuals who are responsible for making decisions regarding the medical care of athletes and teams with guidelines for choosing a qualified team physician and an outline of the duties expected of a team physician. Ultimately, by educating decision makers about the need for a qualified team physician, the goal is to ensure that athletes and teams are provided the very best medical care. The Consensus Statement was developed by the collaboration of six major professional associations concerned about clinical sports medicine issues: American Academy of Family Physicians, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, American College of Sports Medicine, American Medical Society for Sports Medicine, American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine, and the American Osteopathic Academy of Sports Medicine. These organizations have committed to forming an ongoing project-based alliance to "bring together sports medicine organizations to best serve active people and athletes." PMID:10776910

2000-04-01

462

A Unique Team Approach to the Total Education of the Student with a Neurological Disorder.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper outlines the program of services provided by a multidisciplinary professional team for the neurologically disordered child from preschool to young adulthood. Noted among the services offered are the following: an infant stimulation program, preschool prep program, group sensory integration program, special educational assistance, summer…

Cant, Malcolm J.

463

A Unique Team Approach to the Total Education of the Student with a Neurological Disorder.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The paper outlines the program of services provided by a multidisciplinary professional team for the neurologically disordered child from preschool to young adulthood. Noted among the services offered are the following: an infant stimulation program, preschool prep program, group sensory integration program, special educational assistance, summer…

Cant, Malcolm J.

464

School-based support teams and supervisory change: A case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of the New York City public school system is to provide an educational program to students with disabilities alongside their nondisabled peers to the maximum extent appropriate while maintaining high academic and behavioral standards. Public Law 94-142 required that children suspected of having a disability were to be evaluated by a multidisciplinary team with expertise in the area

Robert Anthony Perez

2001-01-01

465

Enhancing mathematical communication for virtual math teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Math Forum is an online resource center for pre-algebra, algebra, geometry and pre-calculus. Its Virtual Math Teams (VMT) service provides an integrated web-based environment for small teams of people to discuss math and to work collaboratively on math problems or explore interesting mathematical micro-worlds together. The VMT Project studies the online math discourse that takes place during sessions of

Gerry Stahl; Murat Perit Çakir; Stephen Weimar; Baba Kofi Weusijana

2010-01-01

466

A Multidisciplinary Approach to Sustainable Management of Watershed Resources  

EPA Science Inventory

The lack of integration in the study and management of water resource problems suggests the need for a multidisciplinary approach. As practiced in the Shepherd Creek stormwater management study (Cincinnati OH), we envision a multidisciplinary approach involving economic incentive...

467

Testing the Effects of Team Processes on Team Member Schema Similarity and Team Performance: Examination of the Team Member Schema Similarity Model.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report examines the relationships among team membership influences, team interaction processes, and team member schema similarity, and their potential impact on team performance. Team membership influences were assessed as the similarity of team memb...

J. Rentsch M. D. McNeese L. J. Pape D. D. Burnett D. M. Menard

1998-01-01

468

Using computerised decision support to improve compliance of cancer multidisciplinary meetings with evidence-based guidance  

PubMed Central

Objectives The cancer multidisciplinary team (MDT) meeting (MDM) is regarded as the best platform to reduce unwarranted variation in cancer care through evidence-compliant management. However, MDMs are often overburdened with many different agendas and hence struggle to achieve their full potential. The authors developed an interactive clinical decision support system called MATE (Multidisciplinary meeting Assistant and Treatment sElector) to facilitate explicit evidence-based decision making in the breast MDMs. Design Audit study and a questionnaire survey. Setting Breast multidisciplinary unit in a large secondary care teaching hospital. Participants All members of the breast MDT at the Royal Free Hospital, London, were consulted during the process of MATE development and implementation. The emphasis was on acknowledging the clinical needs and practical constraints of the MDT and fitting the system around the team's workflow rather than the other way around. Delegates, who attended MATE workshop at the England Cancer Networks' Development Programme conference in March 2010, participated in the questionnaire survey. Outcome measures The measures included evidence-compliant care, measured by adherence to clinical practice guidelines, and promoting research, measured by the patient identification rate for ongoing clinical trials. Results MATE identified 61% more patients who were potentially eligible for recruitment into clinical trials than the MDT, and MATE recommendations demonstrated better concordance with clinical practice guideline than MDT recommendations (97% of MATE vs 93.2% of MDT; N=984). MATE is in routine use in breast MDMs at the Royal Free Hospital, London, and wider evaluations are being considered. Conclusions Sophisticated decision support systems can enhance the conduct of MDMs in a way that is acceptable to and valued by the clinical team. Further rigorous evaluations are required to examine cost-effectiveness and measure the impact on patient outcomes. The decision support technology used in MATE is generic and if found useful can be applied across medicine.

Patkar, Vivek; Acosta, Dionisio; Davidson, Tim; Jones, Alison; Fox, John

2012-01-01

469

Modelling Creative Team Dynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding team-based creativity is essential for the Information Systems Community. Based on the extensive studies into Collaborative Information Technologies (CITs), researchers have identified that there is a \\

Kuan Liung Tan; Paul Swatman

2010-01-01

470

Advising in a Multidisciplinary Master's Program: An Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multidisciplinary programs have begun to complement traditional models of graduate and professional education. The development of these programs has begun to reflect the change in graduate student advisement. Multidisciplinary programs necessitate the need for quality advisement approaches. This study assessed faculty satisfaction and commitment to advising graduate students in the Multidisciplinary Studies Individualized (MDSI) program at a metropolitan college in

Kimberly Jackson

2010-01-01

471

A multidisciplinary implementation methodology for knowledge based engineering: KNOMAD  

Microsoft Academic Search

Existing knowledge-based engineering methodologies offer opportunities for improvement, as the multidisciplinary character of engineering design is not well implemented and as the current methodologies are not optimally substantiated. To better address the integration of multidisciplinary engineering knowledge within a knowledge based engineering (KBE) framework, the KNOMAD methodology has been devised. KNOMAD stands for Knowledge Nurture for Optimal Multidisciplinary Analysis and

Richard Curran; Wim J. C. Verhagen; Michel J. L. van Tooren; Ton. H. van der Laan

2010-01-01

472

Patient Care Management Teams: Improving Continuity, Office Efficiency, and Teamwork in a Residency Clinic  

PubMed Central

Background and Problem Statement The goals of the patient-centered medical home (PCMH) include the efficient and effective delivery of patient-centered care in the context of a continuity relationship. In residency training programs, competing demands on faculty, residents, and office staff create considerable challenge in demonstrating these vital attributes of the PCMH to residents. Given the emphasis on the PCMH, primary care residency programs need to strengthen the methods for teaching and modeling continuity, office efficiency, and team-based approaches to care. Intervention We designed and implemented a new system of “patient care management teams” in our family medicine residency and evaluated its impact on team members. Our quality improvement interventions included the creation of team structures linking faculty advisors and residents with patients, intrateam management of office tasks, and the implementation of multidisciplinary team meetings. Evaluation We surveyed faculty (n ?=? 11), residents/fellows (n ?=? 39), and staff (n ?=? 12) before and at 2 points after the patient care management team interventions, and we collected patient satisfaction data during the intervention time period. Results The intervention resulted in significant improvements in perceptions of continuity of patient care, office efficiency, and team communication before and after the team interventions. During a 2-year period, the greatest improvements were in the areas of office efficiency and continuity of care. Independent patient satisfaction scores correlated with patient care management team improvements. Conclusions Team structures, streamlined team-based management of routine office tasks, and consistent and frequent multidisciplinary meetings can improve the sense of continuity, office efficiency, and team collaboration in primary care residency clinics.

Hern, Tricia; Talen, Mary; Babiuch, Christopher; Durazo-Arvizu, Ramon

2009-01-01

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Knowledge Integration Team  

Cancer.gov

The Knowledge Integration (KI) Team resides in the Epidemiology and Genomics Research Program (EGRP)'s Office of the Associate Director (OAD). The Team is tasked with systematically integrating the rapidly accumulating knowledge base and tools for cancer epidemiology and genomics to accelerate research, evidence-based recommendations, and translation into prevention and clinical practice. It accomplishes this by creating and maintaining online information and databases, meta-research projects, and conducting systematic scientific literature reviews.

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Assessing suspected spinal cord compression: a multidisciplinary outcomes analysis of 342 episodes.  

PubMed

The object of this work was to evaluate the assessment and document the outcomes of cancer patients with suspected spinal cord compression (SCC). In a retrospective cohort study of 342 episodes of suspected SCC in cancer patients evaluated by computed tomography (CT) of the spine, a multidisciplinary team of neurologists, radiologists, and oncologists assessed the impact of varying the anatomical criterion for SCC and including new SCC diagnosed shortly after definitive radiographical imaging. We developed a logistic regression model to identify independent clinical predictors of SCC, including the natural history of the underlying cancer as well as neurological and radiological risk factors. Management of suspected SCC infrequently involved neurology consultation (21% of episodes). The frequency of SCC increased more than four-fold when the definition was expanded to include epidural cancer rather than spinal cord displacement only (36% vs. 8%), and 90-day clinical follow-up identified few new lesions not evident on definitive imaging studies. Clinical information about the course of cancer (documentation and duration of metastatic cancer) added independent predictive information to that yielded by neurological assessment and prior imaging studies in a multiple regression model. The a priori predicted risk of SCC, which ranged from 4% to 87% in this study, may vary enough to affect treatment strategies, although our population may have excluded very-low-risk patients. Consistent anatomical definitions of SCC, clinical follow-up of definitive imaging studies and the addition of information on the natural history of cancer to traditional neurological and radiographical evaluation may all improve clinical assessment of suspected SCC in cancer patients. PMID:9926972

Talcott, J A; Stomper, P C; Drislane, F W; Wen, P Y; Block, C C; Humphrey, C C; Lu, C; Jolesz, F

1999-01-01

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