These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Multidisciplinary team working, clinical networks, and chambers; opportunities to work differently in the NHS  

PubMed Central

Recently in the United Kingdom some new organisational structures for clinicians have been discussed. So far little has changed, but the intensity of interest suggests this may be an opportunity to link change in working practices with improvements in quality. Multidisciplinary team working is developing within the National Health Service (NHS) and some groups are expanding their roles across traditional institutional boundaries to form complex clinical networks. It would require little to make these functional networks autonomous from current NHS structures. Other models of working without traditional institutional boundaries have been discussed, including the formation of "chambers" for doctors and other professionals. We describe the first tentative steps of one group as an example and suggest that further experimentation with evaluation is required. PMID:14645745

Carter, S; Garside, P; Black, A

2003-01-01

2

Overcoming obstacles to establish a multidisciplinary team approach to hepatobiliary diseases: a working model in a Caribbean setting  

PubMed Central

Introduction By providing a structured forum to exchange information and ideas, multidisciplinary team meetings improve working relationships, expedite investigations, promote evidence-based treatment, and ultimately improve clinical outcomes. Methods This discursive paper reports the introduction of a multidisciplinary team approach to manage hepatobiliary diseases in Jamaica, focusing on the challenges encountered and the methods used to overcome these obstacles. Conclusion Despite multiple challenges in resource-limited environments, a multidisciplinary team approach can be incorporated into clinical practice in developing nations. Policy makers should make it a priority to support clinical, operational, and governance aspects of the multidisciplinary teams. PMID:24920917

Cawich, Shamir O; Johnson, Peter B; Shah, Sundeep; Roberts, Patrick; Arthurs, Milton; Murphy, Trevor; Bonadie, Kimon O; Crandon, Ivor W; Harding, Hyacinth E; Abu Hilal, Mohammed; Pearce, Neil W

2014-01-01

3

HIV multidisciplinary teams work: Support services improve access to and retention in HIV primary care  

Microsoft Academic Search

The multidisciplinary team model of HIV care evolved out of necessity due to the diverse characteristics and needs of people living with HIV disease. Though it is now accepted as the international standard of care, it represents a significant departure from methods of care for other infectious diseases, and debate continues regarding the effectiveness of its interventions. The debate has

R. Sherer; K. Stieglitz; J. Narra; J. Jasek; L. Green; B. Moore; S. Shott; M. Cohen

2002-01-01

4

[Multidisciplinary oncology teams: beware of endless discussions].  

PubMed

The continual and increasing complexity of diagnostic and treatment options in oncology demands careful communication, coordination and decision making. Cancer care could be improved by multidisciplinary teamwork. Although this sort of teamwork has many advantages in theory, we know very little about its effectiveness in practice. We have to answer questions such as how teams can accomplish their task most effectively and how we must manage organizations in such a way that team-based working contributes optimally to organizational effectiveness. PMID:20619056

Giard, Raimond W M

2010-01-01

5

Two sides of the coin – General Practitioners' experience of working in multidisciplinary teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multidisciplinary teamwork, defined as the collaboration between different professional groups to achieve a common purpose, is commonly regarded as a means to meet the complex tasks that medicine has to deal with today. However, many attempts to introduce the method in primary care have failed and this is supposed to be partly due to the fact that general practitioners (GPs)

Anders Hansson; Febe Friberg; Kerstin Segesten; Birgitta Gedda; Bengt Mattsson

2008-01-01

6

Team Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains how a team cleaning approach can be cost-effective and efficient means of school maintenance. Assigning staffing responsibilities and work schedules are addressed and the advantages of using a team system are explained. (GR)

Frank, David

1999-01-01

7

Multidisciplinary team working in an adult male prison establishment in the UK.  

PubMed

The first two articles in this series exploring the oral and dental health of male prisoners in the UK demonstrated how the general and oral health of prisoners is compromised compared to those of a similar age who are not prisoners. In caring for the oral health needs of this group the high demand for emergency dental services often precludes the delivery of preventive and routine care. Comprehensive oral care for this population requires a level of training to gain the skills and knowledge to manage prisoners' complex medical, dental and social needs and the heightened dental anxiety that prisoners exhibit. The type of training that might be required for prison dentistry will be discussed in the final article. This article will describe a number of cases selected to demonstrate the complex problems presented by male prisoners in Her Majesty's Prison (HMP), Brixton. This article will also discuss the establishment of a primary care inter-professional relationship network (IRN) developed within a prison setting involving a dentist and other healthcare professionals. After informal discussions between the dentist and other prison healthcare professionals, it became apparent that vulnerable patients were not accessing dental services. These patients also cancel/fail to attend their dental appointments more frequently. In order to improve access and provision of dental care for this group of prisoners, an IRN was developed between the dentist, diabetic nurse, forensic psychology team, communicable disease lead, general medical practitioner (GMP), prison officers and healthcare manager within HMP Brixton. The nature of the IRN is presented along with reviews with relevant patient cases. The IRN allowed information sharing between professionals and an open care culture. The network was valued by prisoners. Prison populations show higher rates of general and oral disease, therefore an IRN can help to identify vulnerable groups and allow healthcare providers to give appropriate, targeted and focused care in a timely fashion. PMID:25104690

Heidari, E; Dickinson, C; Newton, T

2014-08-01

8

Multidisciplinary teams work closely with practic-ing physicians to focus on the delivery of personal-  

E-print Network

of personal- ized medicine solutions to patients suffering from cancer, diabetes, cardiac arrhythmias, autism Medicine & how does it affect you? More than 50% of prescribed drugs don't work on the person for whom- tiveness of the healthcare system while potentially reducing healthcare costs. A personalized medicine

Strynadka, Natalie

9

Temporomandibular joint multidisciplinary team clinic.  

PubMed

Patients with dysfunction of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) commonly present to oral and maxillofacial departments and are increasingly being managed by a subspecialist group of surgeons. We review the outcomes of patients attending a specialist TMJ multidisciplinary team (MDT) clinic. All patients are simultaneously reviewed by a consultant oral and maxillofacial surgeon, consultant in oral medicine, specialist physiotherapist, and maxillofacial prosthetist, and they can also see a consultant liaison psychiatrist. They are referred from primary, secondary, and tertiary care when medical and surgical treatment in the routine TMJ clinic has failed, and are triaged by the attending maxillofacial surgeon. On discharge they are returned to the care of the referring practitioner. We review the outcomes of patients attending this clinic over a 2-year period and show improvements in pain scores and maximal incisal opening, as well as quality of life outcome measures. All units in the UK with an interest in the management of diseases of the TMJ should consider establishing this type of clinic and should use available resources and expertise to maximise outcomes. PMID:25179688

Ahmed, Nabeela; Poate, Tim; Nacher-Garcia, Cristina; Pugh, Nicola; Cowgill, Helen; Page, Lisa; Matthews, N Shaun

2014-11-01

10

Medication, Schizophrenia and the Forensic Multidisciplinary Team  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the issues involved in the treatment with antipsychotic medication of forensic patients with schizophrenia. Poor compliance with medication may lead to a worsening of positive psychotic symptoms and increase the risk of re-offending. Nurses and other members of the forensic multidisciplinary team spend long periods of time with patients and may form close therapeutic alliances with them.

Jean Stubbs; Camilla Haw

2001-01-01

11

Teaching ideas for generating critical and constructive insights into well-functioning multidisciplinary mental health teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – It is now common place for mental health services to operate using multidisciplinary teams (MDTs) where several health professionals simultaneously maintain their disciplinary distinctiveness and assume complementary professional roles. This requires awareness of other team members' disciplines and good team-work skills. Yet in Australia, the preparation of health professionals continues to occur primarily in single-discipline programs, where interaction

Margaret McAllister; Shirley Morrissey; Donna McAuliffe; Graham Davidson; Harry McConnell; Prasuna Reddy

2011-01-01

12

Assessing and Evaluating Multidisciplinary Translational Teams: A Mixed Methods Approach  

PubMed Central

A case report illustrates how multidisciplinary translational teams can be assessed using outcome, process, and developmental types of evaluation using a mixed methods approach. Types of evaluation appropriate for teams are considered in relation to relevant research questions and assessment methods. Logic models are applied to scientific projects and team development to inform choices between methods within a mixed methods design. Use of an expert panel is reviewed, culminating in consensus ratings of 11 multidisciplinary teams and a final evaluation within a team type taxonomy. Based on team maturation and scientific progress, teams were designated as: a) early in development, b) traditional, c) process focused, or d) exemplary. Lessons learned from data reduction, use of mixed methods, and use of expert panels are explored. PMID:24064432

Wooten, Kevin C.; Rose, Robert M.; Ostir, Glenn V.; Calhoun, William J.; Ameredes, Bill T.; Brasier, Allan R.

2014-01-01

13

Charting Multidisciplinary Team External Dynamics Using a Systems Thinking Approach  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Using the formalism provided by the Systems Thinking approach, the dynamics present when operating multidisciplinary teams are examined in the context of the NASA Langley Research and Technology Group, an R&D organization organized along functional lines. The paper focuses on external dynamics and examines how an organization creates and nurtures the teams and how it disseminates and retains the lessons and expertise created by the multidisciplinary activities. Key variables are selected and the causal relationships between the variables are identified. Five "stories" are told, each of which touches on a different aspect of the dynamics. The Systems Thinking Approach provides recommendations as to interventions that will facilitate the introduction of multidisciplinary teams and that therefore will increase the likelihood of performing successful multidisciplinary developments. These interventions can be carried out either by individual researchers, line management or program management.

Barthelemy, Jean-Francois; Waszak, Martin R.; Jones, Kenneth M.; Silcox, Richard J.; Silva, Walter A.; Nowaczyk, Ronald H.

1998-01-01

14

Team work: Construction  

E-print Network

teamwork outside the classroom as well. Construction Management at Wayne StateTeam work: Construction Management The Division of Engineering Technology! Your coursework is just the beginning. Construction management students work

Berdichevsky, Victor

15

The interplay of conflict and analogy in multidisciplinary teams.  

PubMed

Creative teamwork in multidisciplinary teams is a topic of interest to cognitive psychologists on the one hand, and to both social and organizational psychologists on the other. However, the interconnections between cognitive and social layers have been rarely explored. Drawing on mental models and dissonance theories, the current study takes a central variable studied by cognitive psychologists-analogy-and examines its relationship to a central variable examined by social psychologists-conflict. In an observational, field study, over 11h of audio-video data from conversations of the Mars Exploration Rover scientists were coded for different types of analogy and micro-conflicts that reveal the character of underlying psychological mechanisms. Two different types of time-lagged logistic models applied to these data revealed asymmetric patterns of associations between analogy and conflict. Within-domain analogies, but not within-discipline or outside-discipline analogies, preceded science and work process conflicts, suggesting that in multidisciplinary teams, representational gaps in very close domains will be more likely to spark conflict. But analogies also occurred in reaction to conflict: Process and negative conflicts, but not task conflicts, preceded within-discipline analogies, but not to within-domain or outside-discipline analogies. This study demonstrates ways in which cognition can be bidirectionally tied to social processes and discourse. PMID:22980920

Paletz, Susannah B F; Schunn, Christian D; Kim, Kevin H

2013-01-01

16

The Multidisciplinary Team in Palliative Care: A Case Reflection  

PubMed Central

This essay is a reflection on the multidisciplinary team in palliative care, from the perspective of a final year MBBS student from the UK spending one month with an Indian pain and palliative care team at Institute Rotary Cancer Hospital (IRCH), AIIMS, New Delhi. PMID:25125872

Bowen, Liza

2014-01-01

17

Randomized controlled trial of Anticipatory and Preventive multidisciplinary Team Care  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE T o examine whether quality of care (QOC) improves when nurse practitioners and pharmacists work with family physicians in community practice and focus their work on patients who are 50 years of age and older and considered to be at risk of experiencing adverse health outcomes. DESIGN Randomized controlled trial. SETTING A family health network with 8 family physicians, 5 nurses, and 11 administrative personnel serving 10 000 patients in a rural area near Ottawa, Ont. PARTICIPANTS Patients 50 years of age and older at risk of experiencing adverse health outcomes (N = 241). INTERVENTIONS At-risk patients were randomly assigned to receive usual care from their family physicians or Anticipatory and Preventive Team Care (APTCare) from a collaborative team composed of their physicians, 1 of 3 nurse practitioners, and a pharmacist. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Quality of care for chronic disease management (CDM) for diabetes, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. RESULTS Controlling for baseline demographic characteristics, the APTCare approach improved CDM QOC by 9.2% (P < .001) compared with traditional care. The APTCare intervention also improved preventive care by 16.5% (P < .001). We did not observe significant differences in other secondary outcome measures (intermediate clinical outcomes, quality of life [Short-Form 36 and health-related quality of life scales], functional status [instrumental activities of daily living scale] and service usage). CONCLUSION Additional resources in the form of collaborative multidisciplinary care teams with intensive interventions in primary care can improve QOC for CDM in a population of older at-risk patients. The appropriateness of this intervention will depend on its cost-effectiveness. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER NCT00238836 (CONSORT) PMID:20008582

Hogg, William; Lemelin, Jacques; Dahrouge, Simone; Liddy, Clare; Armstrong, Catherine Deri; Legault, Frances; Dalziel, Bill; Zhang, Wei

2009-01-01

18

Multidisciplinary team meetings and their impact on workflow in radiology and pathology departments  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The development of multidisciplinary team meetings (MDTMs) for radiology and pathology is a burgeoning area that increasingly impacts on work processes in both of these departments. The aim of this study was to examine work processes and quantify the time demands on radiologists and pathologists associated with MDTM practices at a large teaching hospital. The observations reported in this

Bridget Kane; Saturnino Luz; D Sean O'Briain; Ronan McDermott

2007-01-01

19

Multidisciplinary in-hospital teams improve patient outcomes: A review  

PubMed Central

Background: The use of multidisciplinary in-hospital teams limits adverse events (AE), improves outcomes, and adds to patient and employee satisfaction. Methods: Acting like “well-oiled machines,” multidisciplinary in-hospital teams include “staff” from different levels of the treatment pyramid (e.g. staff including nurses’ aids, surgical technicians, nurses, anesthesiologists, attending physicians, and others). Their enhanced teamwork counters the “silo effect” by enhancing communication between the different levels of healthcare workers and thus reduces AE (e.g. morbidity/mortality) while improving patient and healthcare worker satisfaction. Results: Multiple articles across diverse disciplines incorporate a variety of concepts of “teamwork” for staff covering emergency rooms (ERs), hospital wards, intensive care units (ICUs), and most critically, operating rooms (ORs). Cohesive teamwork improved communication between different levels of healthcare workers, and limited adverse events, improved outcomes, decreased the length of stay (LOS), and yielded greater patient “staff” satisfaction. Conclusion: Within hospitals, delivering the best medical/surgical care is a “team sport.” The goals include: Maximizing patient safety (e.g. limiting AE) and satisfaction, decreasing the LOS, and increasing the quality of outcomes. Added benefits include optimizing healthcare workers’ performance, reducing hospital costs/complications, and increasing job satisfaction. This review should remind hospital administrators of the critical need to keep multidisciplinary teams together, so that they can continue to operate their “well-oiled machines” enhancing the quality/safety of patient care, while enabling “staff” to optimize their performance and enhance their job satisfaction.

Epstein, Nancy E.

2014-01-01

20

Effective multidisciplinary working: the key to high-quality care.  

PubMed

This article explores multidisciplinary team working, inter-disciplinary, trans-disciplinary and effective collaborative practice in order to provide high-quality patient care. It discusses different views on collaboration, some of the issues around cross-discipline and multi-agency working and concerns around promoting 'high-quality' care. It also discusses the importance of evidence-based practice in multidisciplinary teams. Issues around good-quality care, clinical governance and the audit cycle in MDTs are addressed. The article highlights the importance of the 6Cs (care, compassion, competence, communication, courage and commitment) in MDTs if quality care is to be achieved. The article also explores advantages and limitations of multidisciplinary team working, trans-disciplinary working and inter-professional working in developing and delivering high-quality patient-centred care. Further research is needed on how clinical audits can help to improve how MDTs function in order improve the quality of service provided to clients. PMID:25072333

Ndoro, Samuel

21

“We decide, you carry it out”: A social network analysis of multidisciplinary long-term care teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to describe the structure of multidisciplinary long-term care teams by identifying the pattern of relationships that develop amongst staff as they go about their work. Using a social network analysis approach, team members were classified as occupying the same structural position based on their patterns of relationships with other team members. The analysis was

Cheryl Cott

1997-01-01

22

Reduction in diabetic amputations over 15 years in a defined Spain population. Benefits of a critical pathway approach and multidisciplinary team work.  

PubMed

Objective. To assess changes in diabetic lower-extremity amputations (LEA) rates in a defined population over a 15-year period, following a multidisciplinary approach including a critical pathway in an inpatient setting with standardized preoperative and postoperative care, as well as in an outpatient setting through the establishment of a diabetic foot clinic. Methods. This is a study of the incidence and types of LEAs performed in patients with diabetic foot disease complicated admitted to Morales Meseguer Hospital (Murcia, Spain), a large district general hospital, before (1998-2000) and after (2001-2012) of the introduction of better organized diabetes foot care. Hospital and clinic characteristics to the success of the programme are described. All cases of LEA in diabetic patients (1998-2012) within the area were identified by ICD-9-Clinical modification (CM) diagnostic codes. A chi square test was used to compare the frequency and level of amputations. Results. Over all inpatients with diabetes admitted with foot infections and gangrene, there was a significant decrease in the proportion of total major amputations (47%) and elective major amputations (66%) (p<0.001). The incidence of total major amputations rates per 100.000 of the general population fell with statistical significance (p=0.009). The biggest improvement in LEA incidence was seen in the reduction of major elective amputation with fell 60%, from 7.6 to 3.1 per 100,000 (p<0.001). Conclusions. Significant reductions in total and major amputations rates occurred over the 15-year period following improvements in foot care services included multidisciplinary teamwork (critical pathway and diabetic foot clinic). PMID:25229372

Martínez-Gómez, D A; Moreno-Carrillo, M A; Campillo-Soto, A; Carrillo-García, A; Aguayo-Albasini, J L

2014-09-01

23

Work Teams: Applications and Effectiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores applications of work teams and proposes an analytic framework for team effectiveness. Presents the following applications: (1) advice and involvement; (2) production and service; (3) projects and development; and (4) action and negotiation. Depicts team effectiveness as interdependent with organizational context, boundaries, and team

Sundstrom, Eric; And Others

1990-01-01

24

Quality Work Teams.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A growing number of schools and districts are considering using teams to handle all types of decision making and advisory activities. The term "teams" can be applied to a wide spectrum of groups with various purposes or powers. This bulletin was designed to assist those who want to create efficient, successful teams. It provides suggestions on…

Oswald, Lori Jo

1995-01-01

25

What is a virtual multidisciplinary team (vMDT)?  

PubMed Central

Background: Multidisciplinary team meetings (MDTs), also known as tumour boards or multidisciplinary case conferences, are an integral component of contemporary cancer care. There are logistical problems with setting up and maintaining participation in these meetings. An ill-defined concept, the virtual MDT (vMDT), has arisen in response to these difficulties. We have, in order to provide clarity and to generate discussion, attempted to define the concept of the vMDT, outline its advantages and disadvantages, and consider some of the practical aspects involved in setting up a virtual MDT. Methods: This is an unstructured review of published evidence and personal experience relating to virtual teams in general, and to MDTs in particular. Results: We have devised a simple taxonomy for MDTs, discussed some of the practicalities involved in setting up a vMDT, and described some of the potential advantages and disadvantages associated with vMDTs. Conclusion: The vMDT may be useful for discussions concerning rare or unusual tumours, or for helping guide the assessment and management of patients with uncommon complications related to treatment. However, the vMDT is a niche concept and is currently unlikely to replace the more traditional face-to-face MDT in the management of common tumours at specific sites. PMID:23756866

Munro, A J; Swartzman, S

2013-01-01

26

Making Science Teams Work  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While the importance of teamwork is emphasized in the National Science Education Standards , getting teams to share equally in the academic assignments and interact in a positive and productive manner often eludes even the best of teachers. These strategies for creating effective student teams include planning, student pre-assessment, communication with students and parents, motivational strategies, and arrangement of the classroom and activities.

Miller, Roxanne G.

2004-09-01

27

Improving recovery time following heart transplantation: the role of the multidisciplinary health care team  

PubMed Central

Background The care of cardiac transplant patients is complex requiring a finely orchestrated endeavor to save a patient’s life. Given the chronic and complex nature of these patients, multiple disciplines are involved in their care. Recognizing difficulties with communication among team members and striving for improved efficiencies in our pretransplant listing process and in our inpatient care, our team was prompted to change the existing approach to patient care related to heart transplantation. Methods Daily multidisciplinary rounds were instituted and the format of the weekly Multidisciplinary Review Committee (MDRC) meetings was modified with the list of attendees broadened to include a larger interdisciplinary team. Additionally, the approach to patient care was analyzed for process improvement. Results The quality improvements are improved communication and throughput, quantified in an 85% decrease in time to complete transplant evaluation, a 37% decrease in median length of stay posttransplantation, and a 33% reduction in the 30 day readmission rate. In addition, pre- and posttransplant caregivers now participate in MDRC in person or via an electronic meeting platform to support the continuum of care. Quality metrics were chosen and tracked via a transparent electronic platform allowing all involved to assess progress toward agreed upon goals. These were achieved in an 18 month time period following the recruitment of new leadership and invested team members working together as a multidisciplinary team to improve the quality of cardiac transplant care. Discussion: Implementation of daily multidisciplinary rounds and expansion of the attendees for the MDRC meetings improved care related to heart transplantation. PMID:24009423

Roussel, Maureen G; Gorham, Noreen; Wilson, Lynn; Mangi, Abeel A

2013-01-01

28

From misery to mission: forensic social workers on multidisciplinary mitigation teams.  

PubMed

Social workers are well-equipped by experience and education to play a pivotal role in death penalty mitigation teams. They offer expertise in researching complete social histories, providing for people under threat of execution, and helping those individuals cope with that threat. The social worker's primary role is to develop the client's story through an extensive empirical inquiry into the person's life. An equally important role for social workers is to work with the multidisciplinary defense team to ensure that the client's life story becomes a part of the defense. This article, through a case example of a condemned prisoner, examines the mitigation team concept, focusing on the social work role. PMID:12899283

Guin, Cecile C; Noble, Dorinda N; Merrill, Thomas S

2003-07-01

29

Teaching Engineering Students Team Work  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this manual is to provide professor's in engineering classes which the background necessary to use student team projects effectively. This manual describes some of the characteristics of student teams and how to use them in class. It provides a set of class activities and films which can be used to introduce and support student teams. Finally, a set of teaching modules used in freshmen, sophomore, and senior aeronautical engineering classes are presented. This manual was developed as part of a NASA sponsored project to improve the undergraduate education of aeronautical engineers. The project has helped to purchase a set of team work films which can be checked out from Cal Poly's Learning Resources Center in the Kennedy Library. Research for this project has included literature reviews on team work and cooperative learning; interviews, observations, and surveys of Cal Poly students from Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, Aeronautical Engineering and Psychology; participation in the Aeronautical Engineering senior design lab; and interviews with engineering faculty. In addition to this faculty manual, there is a student team work manual which has been designed to help engineering students work better in teams.

Levi, Daniel

1998-01-01

30

Multidisciplinary care team for cancer patients and its implementation in several Middle Eastern countries  

PubMed Central

This article introduces palliative care to cancer patients in Middle Eastern countries. It considers the importance of the multidisciplinary team in providing an adequate service to the patient and his/her family. It provides views of professionals from the various countries with regard to the role of the nurse in such teams; whereby the three elements of palliative care nursing entail: 1. Working directly with patients and families; 2. Working with other health and social care professionals to network and co-ordinate services; and 3. working at an organizational level to plan, develop and manage service provision in local, regional and national settings. This article also details the challenges that nurses face in the Middle East and outlines the preferable ways to overcome such challenges. The latter include more focused educational activities at the undergraduate and graduate levels and continuous clinical training throughout their work as palliative care nurse specialists. PMID:24001762

Silbermann, M.; Pitsillides, B.; Al-Alfi, N.; Omran, S.; Al-Jabri, K.; Elshamy, K.; Ghrayeb, I.; Livneh, J.; Daher, M.; Charalambous, H.; Jafferri, A.; Fink, R.; El-Shamy, M.

2013-01-01

31

Virtual teams: team control structure, work processes, and team effectiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seeks to determine the impact managerial controls have on the effectiveness of virtual teams. Using an experimental design compares self-directed virtual teams to counterparts where behavior controls are used as a method of managerial control. The data were collected using 51 student teams of three or four members each from three different countries. The results indicate that the most satisfied

Gabriele Piccoli; Anne Powell; Blake Ives

2004-01-01

32

THE BUBBLE-TEAM - A CASE STUDY OF A MULTIDISCIPLINAR Y TEAM WORKING TO INTEGRATE IT AND PLAYGROUND EQUIPMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a design project within a playground equipment manufacturer and discusses how a multi-disciplinary team of designers and researchers, partly external to the company, must adapt their working methods and structure to a new situation. The design project is merging two different industrial areas new to each other; playground and information technology. The company launched the team to

Ilkka Kettunen; Reijo Koivula; Katriina Lahtinen

33

Organizing person-centred care in paediatric diabetes: multidisciplinary teams, long-term relationships and adequate documentation  

PubMed Central

Background Type 1 diabetes is one of the most frequent long-term endocrine childhood disorders and the Swedish National Diabetes Register for children states that adolescents (12–18 years) constitute the most vulnerable patient group in terms of metabolic control. The aim of this study was to examine how a multidisciplinary team functions when caring for adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Methods Qualitative interviews were performed with 17 health professionals at a Paediatric Diabetes Care Unit in a Swedish university hospital. The interviews were analysed to gain insight into a multidisciplinary care team’s experiences of various organizational processes and circumstances related to the provision of person-centred paediatric diabetes care. Results Building long-term relationships with adolescents, the establishment of a multidisciplinary care team and ensuring adequate documentation are vital for the delivery of person-centred care (PCC). Furthermore, a PCC process and/or practice requires more than the mere expression of person-centred values. The contribution of this study is that it highlights the necessity of facilitating and safeguarding the organization of PCC, for which three processes are central: 1. Facilitating long-term relationships with adolescents and their families; 2. Facilitating multi-professional teamwork; and 3. Ensuring adequate documentation. Conclusion Three processes emerged as important for the functioning of the multidisciplinary team when caring for adolescents with type 1 diabetes: building a long-term relationship, integrating knowledge by means of multidisciplinary team work and ensuring adequate documentation. This study demonstrates the importance of clearly defining and making use of the specific role of each team member in the paediatric diabetes care unit (PDCU). Team members should receive training in PCC and a PCC approach should form the foundation of all diabetes care. Every adolescent suffering from type 1 diabetes should be offered individual treatment and support according to her/his needs. However, more research is required to determine how a PCC approach can be integrated into adolescent diabetes care, and especially how PCC education programmes for team members should be implemented. PMID:24490659

2014-01-01

34

Exploring Trust among Globally Distributed Work Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trust among team members has been identified as a crucial variable for the success of projects executed by virtual teams. This paper explores trust among IT work teams whose members are located at sites that are distributed in the United States, Ireland and India. Our case analysis suggests that trust among team members is problematic and it can be difficult

Sue Newell; Gary David; Donald Chand

2007-01-01

35

Bowel endometriosis: Colorectal surgeon's perspective in a multidisciplinary surgical team  

PubMed Central

Endometriosis is a gynecological condition that presents as endometrial-like tissue outside the uterus and induces a chronic inflammatory reaction. Up to 15% of women in their reproductive period are affected by this condition. Deep endometriosis is defined as endometriosis located more than 5 mm beneath the peritoneal surface. This type of endometriosis is mostly found on the uterosacral ligaments, inside the rectovaginal septum or vagina, in the rectosigmoid area, ovarian fossa, pelvic peritoneum, ureters, and bladder, causing a distortion of the pelvic anatomy. The frequency of bowel endometriosis is unknown, but in cases of bowel infiltration, about 90% are localized on the sigmoid colon or the rectum. Colorectal involvement results in alterations of bowel habits such as constipation, diarrhea, tenesmus, dyschezia, and, rarely, rectal bleeding. Differential diagnosis must be made in case of irritable bowel syndrome, solitary rectal ulcer syndrome, and a rectal tumor. A precise diagnosis about the presence, location, and extent of endometriosis is necessary to plan surgical treatment. Multidisciplinary laparoscopic treatment has become the standard of care. Depending on the size of the lesion and site of involvement, full-thickness disc excision or bowel resection needs to be performed by an experienced colorectal surgeon. Long-term outcomes, following bowel resection for severe endometriosis, regarding pain and recurrence rate are good with a pregnancy rate of 50%.

Wolthuis, Albert M; Meuleman, Christel; Tomassetti, Carla; D'Hooghe, Thomas; de Buck van Overstraeten, Anthony; D'Hoore, Andre

2014-01-01

36

The MUSES Satellite Team and Multidisciplinary System Engineering  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In a unique partnership between three minority-serving institutions and NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a new course sequence, including a multidisciplinary capstone design experience, is to be developed and implemented at each of the schools with the ambitious goal of designing, constructing and launching a low-orbit Earth-resources satellite. The three universities involved are North Carolina A&T State University (NCA&T), University of Texas, El Paso (UTEP), and California State University, Los Angeles (CSULA). The schools form a consortium collectively known as MUSES - Minority Universities System Engineering and Satellite. Four aspects of this project make it unique: (1) Including all engineering disciplines in the capstone design course, (2) designing, building and launching an Earth-resources satellite, (3) sustaining the partnership between the three schools to achieve this goal, and (4) implementing systems engineering pedagogy at each of the three schools. This paper will describe the partnership and its goals, the first design of the satellite, the courses developed at NCA&T, and the implementation plan for the course sequence.

Chen, John C.; Paiz, Alfred R.; Young, Donald L.

1997-01-01

37

Consequences of participating in multidisciplinary medical team meetings for surgical, nonsurgical, and supporting specialties.  

PubMed

This study examines the consequences for medical specialists of participating in multidisciplinary medical team meetings in terms of perceived clinical autonomy, domain distinctiveness, and professional accountability. These consequences may influence their willingness to cooperate and the quality of teamwork. The authors hypothesized that multidisciplinary medical team meetings would be more of a threat to the professional identity of surgical specialists than to the professional identity of nonsurgical and supporting specialists. A survey among 1,827 Dutch medical specialists supported the authors' hypotheses. However, a few specific specialties had response patterns that deviated from our expectations. The results are related to specialty choice, to the training of medical specialties, and to having a role in leading team meetings. PMID:19815682

Molleman, Eric; Broekhuis, Manda; Stoffels, Renee; Jaspers, Frans

2010-04-01

38

Multidisciplinary design problem solving on product development teams  

E-print Network

This investigation, conducted under the auspices of the Lean Aerospace Initiative (LAI), studied how engineers from different specialties interpret and communicate about technical design problems while working on product ...

Bernstein, Joshua I. (Joshua Ian), 1974-

2001-01-01

39

Effect of guideline based computerised decision support on decision making of multidisciplinary teams: cluster randomised trial in cardiac rehabilitation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To determine the extent to which computerised decision support can improve concordance of multidisciplinary teams with therapeutic decisions recommended by guidelines.Design Multicentre cluster randomised trial.Participants Multidisciplinary cardiac rehabilitation teams in Dutch centres and their cardiac rehabilitation patients.Interventions Teams received an electronic patient record system with or without additional guideline based decision support.Main outcome measures Concordance with guideline recommendations assessed

Rick Goud; Nicolette F de Keizer; Gerben ter Riet; Jeremy C Wyatt; Arie Hasman; Irene M Hellemans; Niels Peek

2009-01-01

40

Team Work Oriented Flexible Workflow Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Workflow technology is considered nowadays as an essential technique to improve the effectiveness and productivity of business\\u000a processes. Because different type organizations and different cooperative methods are needed for specific business, team work\\u000a is very complex. Current workflow management system does not provide enough support to the team work. In order to deal with\\u000a the complexity of team work, a

Jian Cao; Shen-sheng Zhang; Xiaoguang Zhang

2002-01-01

41

Ten principles of good interdisciplinary team work  

PubMed Central

Background Interdisciplinary team work is increasingly prevalent, supported by policies and practices that bring care closer to the patient and challenge traditional professional boundaries. To date, there has been a great deal of emphasis on the processes of team work, and in some cases, outcomes. Method This study draws on two sources of knowledge to identify the attributes of a good interdisciplinary team; a published systematic review of the literature on interdisciplinary team work, and the perceptions of over 253 staff from 11 community rehabilitation and intermediate care teams in the UK. These data sources were merged using qualitative content analysis to arrive at a framework that identifies characteristics and proposes ten competencies that support effective interdisciplinary team work. Results Ten characteristics underpinning effective interdisciplinary team work were identified: positive leadership and management attributes; communication strategies and structures; personal rewards, training and development; appropriate resources and procedures; appropriate skill mix; supportive team climate; individual characteristics that support interdisciplinary team work; clarity of vision; quality and outcomes of care; and respecting and understanding roles. Conclusions We propose competency statements that an effective interdisciplinary team functioning at a high level should demonstrate. PMID:23663329

2013-01-01

42

Developing a participatory multidisciplinary team approach to enhance the quality of school start  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article discusses how participatory action research was applied during a three-year project at 27 schools in Norway in order to enhance the quality of school start. A multidisciplinary on-site team approach was developed, supported by workshops and dialogue seminars. External professionals from the supportive municipal health care system and special education\\/school psychology services assisted children and teachers in the

Synnøve Iversen; Bjørn Ellertsen; Svein Roar Joacobsen; Målfrid Råheim; Ann-Mari Knivsberg

2006-01-01

43

The Role of the Multidisciplinary Team in Recruiting to Cancer Clinical Trials. | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Cancer.gov

This paper explores factors influencing patient recruitment to breast cancer clinical trials from the perspective of multidisciplinary research teams. Based on the results of the study, the authors recommend numerous strategies to improve recruitment, including having a recruitment plan, having flexibility in recruitment strategies, recording information on women eligible for and approached to join clinical trials, using financial incentives for recruiters and participants, educating patients and clinicians about clinical trials, and allowing women to make their own treatment decisions.

44

Evaluating multidisciplinary health care teams: taking the crisis out of CRM.  

PubMed

High-reliability organisations are those, such as within the aviation industry, which operate in complex, hazardous environments and yet despite this are able to balance safety and effectiveness. Crew resource management (CRM) training is used to improve the non-technical skills of aviation crews and other high-reliability teams. To date, CRM within the health sector has been restricted to use with "crisis teams" and "crisis events". The purpose of this discussion paper is to examine the application of CRM to acute, ward-based multidisciplinary health care teams and more broadly to argue for the repositioning of health-based CRM to address effective everyday function, of which "crisis events" form just one part. It is argued that CRM methodology could be applied to evaluate ward-based health care teams and design non-technical skills training to increase their efficacy, promote better patient outcomes, and facilitate a range of positive personal and organisational level outcomes. PMID:20128760

Sutton, Gigi

2009-08-01

45

Using peer observers to assess the quality of cancer multidisciplinary team meetings: a qualitative proof of concept study  

PubMed Central

Background Multidisciplinary team (MDT) working is well established as the foundation for providing cancer services in the UK and elsewhere. A core activity is the weekly meeting (or case conference/tumor boards) where the treatment recommendations for individual patients are agreed. Evidence suggests that the quality of team working varies across cancer teams, and this may impact negatively on the decision-making process, and ultimately patient care. Feedback on performance by expert observers may improve performance, but can be resource-intensive to implement. This proof of concept study sought to: develop a structured observational assessment tool for use by peers (managers or clinicians from the local workforce) and explore its usability; assess the feasibility of the principle of observational assessment by peers; and explore the views of MDT members and observers about the utility of feedback from observational assessment. Methods For tool development, the content was informed by national clinical consensus recommendations for best practice in cancer MDTs and developed in collaboration with an expert steering group. It consisted of ten subdomains of team working observable in MDT meetings that were rated on a 10-point scale (very poor to very good). For observational assessment, a total of 19 peer observers used the tool (assessing performance in 20 cancer teams from four hospitals). For evaluation, telephone interviews with 64 team members and all peer observers were analyzed thematically. Results The tool was easy to use and areas for refinement were identified. Peer observers were identified and most indicated that undertaking observation was feasible. MDT members generally reported that observational assessment and feedback was useful, with the potential to facilitate improvements in team working. Conclusion This study suggests that observation and feedback by peers may provide a feasible and acceptable approach to enhance MDT performance. Further tool refinement and validation is required. PMID:25143743

Harris, Jenny; Green, James SA; Sevdalis, Nick; Taylor, Cath

2014-01-01

46

The Benefits of Multidisciplinary Learning in Clinical Practice for Law, Finance, and Social Work Students: An Australian Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In July 2010, the faculties of Law, Business and Economics, and Medicine at Monash University, Australia commenced placing law, finance, and social work students in a multidisciplinary clinic at a community legal service operated by the University. Students from the three disciplines began seeing legal service clients at the same time as a team.…

Hyams, Ross; Brown, Grace; Foster, Richard

2013-01-01

47

Feeding difficulties in children with esophageal atresia: treatment by a multidisciplinary team.  

PubMed

Esophageal atresia (EA) is one of the congenital neonatal anomalies whose immediate consequence for the newborn is the inability to feed. Most centers strive to minimize the effects of surgeries and subsequent postoperative complications such as esophageal strictures, respiratory problems, and gastrointestinal reflux on the child's ability or motivation to feed. Feeding difficulties in early infancy may not only interrupt maternal expectations of becoming providers of nutrition to their infants but may also influence the infant's development of sensory motor skills and parent-child relationships. Early involvement by a multidisciplinary team consisting of occupational therapist, nutritionist, and psychologist is an important addition to the surgical and medical team. The team assists in preparing mothers for feeding-related difficulties, providing anticipatory guidance to improve feeding abilities and relationships, especially for children with multiple surgical involvements and prolonged periods of non-oral feeding. PMID:23679033

Ramsay, M; Birnbaum, R

2013-01-01

48

Are multidisciplinary teams in secondary care cost-effective? A systematic review of the literature  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate the cost effectiveness of management of patients within the context of a multidisciplinary team (MDT) meeting in cancer and non-cancer teams in secondary care. Design Systematic review. Data sources EMBASE, MEDLINE, NHS EED, CINAHL, EconLit, Cochrane Library, and NHS HMIC. Eligibility criteria for selecting studies Randomised controlled trials (RCTs), cohort, case–control, before and after and cross-sectional study designs including an economic evaluation of management decisions made in any disease in secondary care within the context of an MDT meeting. Data extraction Two independent reviewers extracted data and assessed methodological quality using the Consensus on Health Economic Criteria (CHEC-list). MDTs were defined by evidence of two characteristics: decision making requiring a minimum of two disciplines; and regular meetings to discuss diagnosis, treatment and/or patient management, occurring at a physical location or by teleconferencing. Studies that reported on the costs of administering, preparing for, and attending MDT meetings and/or the subsequent direct medical costs of care, non-medical costs, or indirect costs, and any health outcomes that were relevant to the disease being investigated were included and classified as cancer or non-cancer MDTs. Results Fifteen studies (11 RCTs in non-cancer care, 2 cohort studies in cancer and non-cancer care, and 2 before and after studies in cancer and non cancer care) were identified, all with a high risk of bias. Twelve papers reported the frequency of meetings which varied from daily to three monthly and all reported the number of disciplines included (mean 5, range 2 to 9). The results from all studies showed mixed effects; a high degree of heterogeneity prevented a meta-analysis of findings; and none of the studies reported how the potential savings of MDT working may offset the costs of administering, preparing for, and attending MDT meetings. Conclusions Current evidence is insufficient to determine whether MDT working is cost-effective or not in secondary care. Further studies aimed at understanding the key aspects of MDT working that lead to cost-effective cancer and non-cancer care are required. PMID:23557141

2013-01-01

49

Game playbooks: tools to guide multidisciplinary teams in developing videogame-based behavior change interventions.  

PubMed

As mobile technologies and videogaming platforms are becoming increasingly prevalent in the realm of health and healthcare, so are the opportunities to use these resources to conduct behavioral interventions. The creation and empirical testing of game style interventions, however, is challenged by the requisite collaboration of multidisciplinary teams, including researchers and game developers who have different cultures, terminologies, and standards of evidence. Thus, traditional intervention development tools such as logic models and intervention manuals may need to be augmented by creating what we have termed "Game Playbooks" which are intervention guidebooks that are created by, understood by, and acceptable to all members of the multidisciplinary game development team. The purpose of this paper is to describe the importance and content of a Game Playbook created to aide in the development of a videogame intervention designed specifically for health behavior change in young teens as well as the process for creating such a tool. We draw on the experience of our research and game design team to describe the critical components of the Game Playbook and the necessity of creating such a tool. PMID:24653781

Duncan, Lindsay R; Hieftje, Kimberly D; Culyba, Sabrina; Fiellin, Lynn E

2014-03-01

50

Intercultural competencies for culturally diverse work teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact that the level of individuals' intercultural competencies has on their satisfaction, trust and affective commitment and assessment of their work team. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – An intercultural competencies classification system is developed in which the cognitive, affective and behavioural intercultural competencies predicted to impact upon individuals' responses toward, and assessments

Shannon Lloyd; Charmine Härtel

2010-01-01

51

Surviving catastrophic disintegration of a large left atrial myxoma: the importance of multi-disciplinary team  

PubMed Central

Atrial myxomas are the most common primary cardiac tumors, representing ?50% of all benign cardiac tumors. Patients with a left atrial myxoma (LAM) generally present with symptoms of mechanical obstruction of blood flow, systemic emboli or constitutional symptoms. Embolic complications may occur any time with progression of the tumor; therefore, myxoma is usually considered an indication for urgent surgery. This report describes a patient with mobile large LAM who survived multiple emboli to the brain, spleen, kidneys, abdominal aorta and lower limbs during hospitalization for surgery, illustrating the critical nature of this finding and its possible catastrophic complications and demonstrating the importance of multi-disciplinary team in the decision-making process and the management of such complications and supporting the hypothesis that intravenous thrombolysis may be safely used in the treatment of embolic stroke due to cardiac myxoma. PMID:25217477

Habbab, Louay; Alfaraidi, Haifa; Lamy, Andre

2014-01-01

52

Intensive care of children with burn injuries and the role of the multidisciplinary team.  

PubMed

Trauma from burns and scalds in children is more common and more damaging than in adults, and may indicate abuse. The main goal of intensive care of an acute burn is to limit the extent of the systemic insult. Effective treatment of such acute physiological changes requires experienced monitoring by multidisciplinary teams, following appropriate emergency protocols at specialised burn centres in cases of major trauma. First aid involves maintaining a patent airway, supporting circulation and respiration, arresting the burning, managing pain and distress, reducing infection and considering transfer to specialist care. Advances in techniques and treatment have increased survival rates and ultimate quality of life, but education and prevention programmes are still required at all levels to reduce the incidence of burns among children. PMID:25369104

Biasini, Augusto; Biasini, Marco; Stella, Marcello

2014-11-01

53

Patient Safety Reporting Systems: Sustained Quality Improvement Using a Multidisciplinary Team and "Good Catch" Awards  

PubMed Central

Background Since 1999, hospitals have made substantial commitments to healthcare quality and patient safety through individual initiatives of executive leadership involvement in quality, investments in safety culture, education and training for medical students and residents in quality and safety, the creation of patient safety committees, and implementation of patient safety reporting systems. Cohesive quality and safety approaches have become comprehensive programs to identify and mitigate hazards that could harm patients. This article moves to the next level with an intense refocusing of attention on one of the individual components of a comprehensive program--the patient safety reporting system—with a goal of maximized usefulness of the reports and long-term sustainability of quality improvements arising from them. Methods A six-phase framework was developed to deal with patient safety hazards: identify, report, analyze, mitigate, reward, and follow up. Unique features of this process included a multidisciplinary team to review reports, mitigate hazards, educate and empower providers, recognize the identifying/reporting individuals or groups with “Good Catch” awards, and follow up to determine if quality improvements were sustained over time. Results To date, 29 patient safety hazards have gone through this process with “Good Catch” awards being granted at our institution. These awards were presented at various times over the past 4 years since the process began in 2008. Follow-up revealed that 86% of the associated quality improvements have been sustained over time since the awards were given. We present the details of two of these “Good Catch” awards: vials of heparin with an unusually high concentration of the drug that posed a potential overdose hazard and a rapid infusion device that resisted practitioner control. Conclusion A multidisciplinary team's analysis and mitigation of hazards identified in a patient safety reporting system, positive recognition with a “Good Catch” award, education of practitioners, and long-term follow-up resulted in an outcome of sustained quality improvement initiatives. PMID:22946251

Herzer, Kurt R.; Mirrer, Meredith; Xie, Yanjun; Steppan, Jochen; Li, Matthew; Jung, Clinton; Cover, Renee; Doyle, Peter A.; Mark, Lynette J.

2014-01-01

54

International Preoperative Rectal Cancer Management: Staging, Neoadjuvant Treatment, and Impact of Multidisciplinary Teams  

PubMed Central

Background Little is known regarding variations in preoperative treatment and practice for rectal cancer (RC) on an international level, yet practice variation may result in differences in recurrence and survival rates. Methods One hundred seventy-three international colorectal centers were invited to participate in a survey of preoperative management of rectal cancer. Results One hundred twenty-three (71%) responded, with a majority of respondents from North America, Europe, and Asia. Ninety-three percent have more than 5 years’ experience with rectal cancer surgery. Fifty-five percent use CT scan, 35% MRI, 29% ERUS, 12% digital rectal examination and 1% PET scan in all RC cases. Seventy-four percent consider threatened circumferential margin (CRM) an indication for neoadjuvant treatment. Ninety-two percent prefer 5-FU-based long-course neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy (CRT). A significant difference in practice exists between the US and non-US surgeons: poor histological differentiation as an indication for CRT (25% vs. 7.0%, p = 0.008), CRT for stage II and III rectal cancer (92% vs. 43%, p = 0.0001), MRI for all RC patients (20% vs. 42%, p = 0.03), and ERUS for all RC patients (43% vs. 21%, p = 0.01). Multidisciplinary team meetings significantly influence decisions for MRI (RR = 3.62), neoadjuvant treatment (threatened CRM, RR = 5.67, stage II + III RR = 2.98), quality of pathology report (RR = 4.85), and sphincter-saving surgery (RR = 3.81). Conclusions There was little consensus on staging, neoadjuvant treatment, and preoperative management of rectal cancer. Regular multidisciplinary team meetings influence decisions about neoadjuvant treatment and staging methods. PMID:20703471

Augestad, Knut M.; Lindsetmo, Rolv-Ole; Stulberg, Jonah; Reynolds, Harry; Senagore, Anthony; Champagne, Brad; Heriot, Alexander G.; Leblanc, Fabien

2010-01-01

55

A Multidisciplinary Health Care Team's Efforts to Improve Educational Attainment in Children with Sickle-Cell Anemia and Cerebral Infarcts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary objective of this study was to improve the educational success of children with sickle-cell disease (SCD) and cerebral infarcts. A prospective intervention trial was conducted; a multidisciplinary team was created to maximize educational resources for children with SCD and cerebral infarcts. Students were evaluated systematically…

King, Allison; Herron, Sonya; McKinstry, Robert; Bacak, Stephen; Armstrong, Melissa; White, Desiree; DeBaun, Michael

2006-01-01

56

Hospital-Based Multidisciplinary Teams Can Prevent Unnecessary Child Abuse Reports and Out-of-Home Placements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To determine how often and for what reasons a hospital-based multidisciplinary child abuse team concluded that a report of alleged or suspected child abuse was unnecessary in young children with fractures. Methods: A retrospective review was completed of all children less than 12 months of age who, because of fractures, were referred to…

Wallace, Gregory H.; Makoroff, Kathi L.; Malott, Heidi A.; Shapiro, Robert A.

2007-01-01

57

Redistributing representational work: Tracing a material multidisciplinary link  

E-print Network

Communication, Culture & Technology (CCT) Georgetown University This is a DRAFT to be published as: Ribes, D. Consequently, these technologies became incorporated into a process of scientific knowledge production in another field-- directly sustaining a multidisciplinary relationship through technology itself, rather

Ribes, David

58

Multidisciplinary Team Contributions Within a Dedicated Outpatient Palliative Radiotherapy Clinic: A Prospective Descriptive Study  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Patients with bone metastases may experience pain, fatigue, and decreased mobility. Multiple medications for analgesia are often required, each with attendant side effects. Although palliative-intent radiotherapy (RT) is effective in decreasing pain, additional supportive care interventions may be overlooked. Our objective was to describe the feasibility of multidisciplinary assessment of patients with symptomatic bone metastases attending a dedicated outpatient palliative RT clinic. Methods and Materials: Consecutive patients referred for RT for painful bone metastases were screened for symptoms and needs relevant to their medications, nutritional intake, activities of daily living, and psychosocial and spiritual concerns from January 1 to December 31, 2007. Consultations by appropriate team members and resulting recommendations were collected prospectively. Patients who received RT were contacted by telephone 4 weeks later to assess symptom outcomes. Results: A total of 106 clinic visits by 82 individual patients occurred. As determined by screening form responses, the clinical Pharmacist, Occupational Therapist, Registered Dietician and Social Worker were consulted to provide assessments and recommendations within the time constraints presented by 1-day palliative RT delivery. In addition to pain relief, significant improvements in tiredness, depression, anxiety, drowsiness and overall well-being were reported at 4 weeks. Conclusions: Systematic screening of this population revealed previously unmet needs, addressed in the form of custom verbal and written recommendations. Multidisciplinary assessment is associated with a high number of recommendations and decreased symptom distress. Our findings lend strong support to the routine assessment by multiple supportive care professionals for patients with advanced cancer being considered for palliative RT.

Pituskin, Edith, E-mail: pituskin@ualberta.c [Rapid Access Palliative Radiotherapy Program, Cross Cancer Institute, Edmonton, AB (Canada); University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB (Canada); Fairchild, Alysa [Rapid Access Palliative Radiotherapy Program, Cross Cancer Institute, Edmonton, AB (Canada); University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB (Canada); Dutka, Jennifer; Gagnon, Lori; Driga, Amy; Tachynski, Patty; Borschneck, Jo-Ann [Rapid Access Palliative Radiotherapy Program, Cross Cancer Institute, Edmonton, AB (Canada); Ghosh, Sunita [Department of Experimental Oncology, Cross Cancer Institute, Edmonton, AB (Canada)

2010-10-01

59

Psychological Safety and Learning Behavior in Work Teams.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tests a team-learning model in a multimethod field study. A study of 51 work teams in a manufacturing company showed that team psychological safety is associated with learning behavior, but team efficacy is not, when controlling for team psychological safety. Learning behavior mediates between safety and performance. (54 references) (MLH)

Edmondson, Amy

1999-01-01

60

Management Structure and Work Team Processes; Responsibilities and Responsiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the management structure of the team-based organization. First it provides a theoretical model of structures and processes of work teams. The structure determines the team’s responsibilities in terms of authority and expertise about specific regulation tasks. The responsiveness of teams to these responsibilities are the processes of teamwork, in terms of three dimensions, indicating to what extent

Ben S. Kuipers; Marco C. de Witte

2006-01-01

61

Work Teams: Perceptions of a Ready-Made Support System?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much research on work teams has been focused at the team-level, considering such issues as effectiveness, productivity, and overall interaction. Using qualitative in-depth interviews, the author has asked the question: what is the experience of the individual working within a team? This paper discusses one theme to have emerged, that of perceptions of support being provided within the team. Respondents'

Melissa A. Parris

2003-01-01

62

Palliative Radiotherapy with or without Additional Care by a Multidisciplinary Palliative Care Team: A Retrospective Comparison  

PubMed Central

Purpose. To analyze pattern of care and survival after palliative radiotherapy (RT) in patients managed exclusively by regular oncology staff or a multidisciplinary palliative care team (MPCT) in addition. Methods. Retrospective analysis of 522 RT courses. Comparison of Two Groups: MPCT versus none. Results. We analyzed 140 RT courses (27%) with MPCT care and 382 without it. The following statistically significant differences were observed: 33% of female patients had MPCT care versus only 23% of male patients and 37% of patients <65 years had MPCT care versus only 22% of older patients. MPCT patients were more likely to have poor performance status and liver metastases. In the MPCT group steroid and opioid use was significantly more common. Dose-fractionation regimens were similar. Median survival was significantly shorter in the MPCT group, 3.9 versus 6.9 months. In multivariate analysis, MPCT care was not associated with survival. Adjusted for confounders, MPCT care reduced the likelihood of incomplete RT by 33%, P > 0.05. Conclusions. Patterns of referral and care differed, for example, regarding age and medication use. It seems possible that MPCT care reduces likelihood of incomplete RT. Therefore, the impact of MPCT care on symptom control should be investigated and objective referral criteria should be developed. PMID:25006507

Dalhaug, Astrid; Pawinski, Adam; Aandahl, Gro; Haukland, Ellinor; Engljahringer, Kirsten

2014-01-01

63

The Preoperative Assessment of Hepatic Tumours: Evaluation of UK Regional Multidisciplinary Team Performance.  

PubMed

Introduction. In the UK, patients where liver resection is contemplated are discussed at hepatobiliary multidisciplinary team (MDT) meetings. The aim was to assess MDT performance by identification of patients where radiological and pathological diagnoses differed. Materials and Methods. A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database of all cases undergoing liver resection from March 2006 to January 2012 was performed. The presumed diagnosis as a result of radiological investigation and MDT discussion is recorded at the time of surgery. Imaging was reviewed by specialist gastrointestinal radiologists, and resultswereagreedonby consensus. Results. Four hundred and thirty-eight patients were studied. There was a significant increase in the use of preoperative imaging modalities (P ? 0.01) but no change in the rate of discrepant diagnosis over time. Forty-two individuals were identified whose final histological diagnosis was different to that following MDT discussion (9.6%). These included 30% of patients diagnosed preoperatively with hepatocellular carcinoma and 25% with cholangiocarcinoma of a major duct. Discussion. MDT assessment of patients preoperatively is accurate in terms of diagnosis. The highest rate of discrepancies occurred in patients with focal lesions without chronic liver disease or primary cancer, where hepatocellular carcinoma was overdiagnosed and peripheral cholangiocarcinoma underdiagnosed, where particular care should be taken. Additional care should be taken in these groups and preoperative multimodality imaging considered. PMID:24062601

Wiggans, M G; Jackson, S A; Fox, B M T; Mitchell, J D; Aroori, S; Bowles, M J; Armstrong, E M; Shirley, J F; Stell, D A

2013-01-01

64

The Preoperative Assessment of Hepatic Tumours: Evaluation of UK Regional Multidisciplinary Team Performance  

PubMed Central

Introduction. In the UK, patients where liver resection is contemplated are discussed at hepatobiliary multidisciplinary team (MDT) meetings. The aim was to assess MDT performance by identification of patients where radiological and pathological diagnoses differed. Materials and Methods. A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database of all cases undergoing liver resection from March 2006 to January 2012 was performed. The presumed diagnosis as a result of radiological investigation and MDT discussion is recorded at the time of surgery. Imaging was reviewed by specialist gastrointestinal radiologists, and resultswereagreedonby consensus. Results. Four hundred and thirty-eight patients were studied. There was a significant increase in the use of preoperative imaging modalities (P ? 0.01) but no change in the rate of discrepant diagnosis over time. Forty-two individuals were identified whose final histological diagnosis was different to that following MDT discussion (9.6%). These included 30% of patients diagnosed preoperatively with hepatocellular carcinoma and 25% with cholangiocarcinoma of a major duct. Discussion. MDT assessment of patients preoperatively is accurate in terms of diagnosis. The highest rate of discrepancies occurred in patients with focal lesions without chronic liver disease or primary cancer, where hepatocellular carcinoma was overdiagnosed and peripheral cholangiocarcinoma underdiagnosed, where particular care should be taken. Additional care should be taken in these groups and preoperative multimodality imaging considered. PMID:24062601

Wiggans, M. G.; Jackson, S. A.; Fox, B. M. T.; Mitchell, J. D.; Aroori, S.; Bowles, M. J.; Armstrong, E. M.; Shirley, J. F.; Stell, D. A.

2013-01-01

65

Multidisciplinary Research and Education Programs in Universities: Making Them Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multidisciplinary programs have a venerable history, but most of the early history was either at big university equipment projects or at first-rate industrial laboratories. There has always been a small amount of interdisciplinarity, such as the physicist's or chemist's cadging crystal specimens from the geologist. But only in the post World War…

Sproull, Robert L.; Hall, Harold H.

66

Admitting offenders with antisocial personality disorder to a medium secure unit: a qualitative examination of multidisciplinary team decision-making  

PubMed Central

This paper reports on the results of a qualitative study funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) looking at multidisciplinary team decisions to admit sentenced offenders with antisocial personality disorder to a medium secure unit. The aim of the study was to examine admission decision-making from a multidisciplinary perspective, and to explore the interprofessional dynamics and contextual pressures informing those decisions. The primary method of data collection was 12 semi-structured interviews with a convenience sample of various multidisciplinary staff involved in pre-admission assessment and post-assessment decision-making. Data was then coded according to the dialectic of competitive and cooperative goal seeking within groups. The findings suggest that, whilst both forms of goal seeking inform admission decisions, the presence of significant resource pressures will lead to decisional solidarity among the multidisciplinary team. When minor professional disagreements arise, they are resolved by the group leader, the Responsible Clinician, in order to maximise group productivity. It is argued that the discursive-limiting effect of resource pressures on group decision-making may weaken the morale of certain front line staff, if not undermine institutional purpose. PMID:24009472

McRae, Leon

2012-01-01

67

Radiologist participation in multi-disciplinary teams in breast cancer improves reflective practice, decision making and isolation.  

PubMed

This study aims to explore Australian radiologists' experiences of participating in breast cancer multi-disciplinary team (MDT) meetings to identify enablers and barriers to participation as well their perception of confidence and patient care. Qualitative methods incorporating observation and interviews were used. Twenty-one breast cancer MDT meetings were observed across Sydney to study the dynamics of the meetings, the level of participation by radiologists and their most important interactions. Qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 radiologists participating in these meetings regarding participation, educational opportunities and improvements to work practices. Radiologists' participation in breast cancer MDT meetings is influenced by the type of meeting they attend with higher levels of participation and a more dominant 'valued' role being evident in pre-interventional meetings. The key themes to emerge from the data include the importance of 'sharing experiences', the 'radiologist-pathologist relationship' and the value of 'continuing participation'. Radiologists believed their confidence in their clinical decision making increased when there was immediate feedback from pathologists. This study highlights the benefits of radiologists regularly participating in breast cancer MDT meetings in terms of continuing professional education resulting from collegial experiential learning. Radiologists' perceived patient care and workplace isolation were improved by sharing experiences with other cancer care colleagues. PMID:24372588

Alcantara, S B; Reed, W; Willis, K; Lee, W; Brennan, P; Lewis, S

2014-09-01

68

Practical SQE on a Large Multi-Disciplinary HPC Development Team.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this paper we will discuss several software engineering practices that have proven useful in a large multidisciplinary physics code development project at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. In the project discussed here, as with many large scale e...

J. R. Neely

2004-01-01

69

A study of the decision outcomes and financial costs of multidisciplinary team meetings (MDMs) in oncology  

PubMed Central

Background: The benefits of multidisciplinary working in oncology are now accepted as the norm and widely accepted as being pivotal to the delivery of optimal cancer care. Central to this are the multidisciplinary meetings (MDMs) and we have evaluated decision outcomes and financial costs of these. Methods: We reviewed the electronic patient records of 551 newly referred patients, discussed at 14 tumour site-specific MDMs for adult solid tumours and lymphoma (paediatric oncology and acute leukaemia were excluded) over a 1-month period, a total of 52 MDMs were studied. In addition, the records of a further 81 patients from 10 different MDMs were reviewed where the treating consultant had clearly recorded their opinion of how the patient should be managed and this was compared with the final MDM's consensus view. We also costed the MDMs utilising two different methodologies. Results: The mean age of the 551 patients in the study was 62 years. In all, 536 (97.3%) patients were treatment naive before MDM discussion and 15 (2.7%) had prior treatment. Median time to treatment after the MDM was 16 days. In 535 (97.1%) cases, the MDM discussions were clearly documented, 16 (2.9%) were not clearly documented. In total, 319 (57.9%) patients were discussed once, and 232 (42.1%) were re-discussed (one to six occasions). In 62 (12.7%) patients, there were delays in MDM discussion, 30 (48.4%) were related to radiology, 26 (41.9%) to histopathology and 6 (9.7%) a combination of both. Adherence to the MDM management plan decision occurred 503 times (91.3%) with 48 (8.7%) deviations. In the smaller cohort of 81 patients, the consultant management plan and MDM consensus was compatible 71 (87.6%) times. On four occasions, there were major alterations in management while six were minor. The cost per month of our MDMs ranged from £2192 to £10?050 (median £5136) with total cost of £80?850 per month and the cost per new patient discussed was £415. Conclusion: Adherence to MDM decisions by health-care professionals occurs in the majority of patients. MDMs are costly, which may have relevance in the currently challenged health-care financial environment. There is a need to improve MDM efficiency without losing the considerable benefits associated with regular MDMs. PMID:24084764

De Ieso, P B; Coward, J I; Letsa, I; Schick, U; Nandhabalan, M; Frentzas, S; Gore, M E

2013-01-01

70

IMPROVED WORK ABILITY AND RETURN TO WORK FOLLOWING VOCATIONAL MULTIDISCIPLINARY REHABILITATION OF SUBJECTS ON LONG-TERM SICK LEAVE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To evaluate a vocational multidisciplinary reha- bilitation programme for patients on long-term sick leave with respect to their work ability and return to work. Methods: A multidisciplinary rehabilitation programme was administered to an intervention group of 183 patients on long-term sick leave (mean 12.2 months). Effects of the treat- ment were compared with a control group (n = 96)

Tore Norendal Braathen; Kaj Bo Veiersted; Jan Heggenes

2007-01-01

71

A Method to Improve Learning Analysing Communication in Team Working  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years learning how to work in teams has become a common subject in higher education. Communication between student team members can be monitored using a bulletin board system, and hence, analyse individual and group role development. The composition and distribution of roles in a team are relevant characteristics that will considerably…

Bermejo, Miren; Sanchez, Ana; Gutierrez, Julian; Perez, Tomas A.

2011-01-01

72

Will Team Teaching Work for You?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are the advantages of team teaching--continuous in-service, opportunities for teamwork, development of better programs, better utilization of time, better understanding of human growth, more exposure to more resources, and more opportunities for students to develop rapport with teachers. (KC)

Verma, Serjit K.

1979-01-01

73

Quality Indicators for Multidisciplinary Team Functioning in Community-Based Children's Mental Health Services  

PubMed Central

The current study examined the organizational social context in 21 community-based programs serving youth at-risk for out-of-home care due to emotional or behavioral disorders and their families and program performance on five quality indicators of team functioning in teams that included a family support specialist. Results indicate that programs with higher performance on structures to facilitate teamwork, informal communication mechanisms among team members, and the ability to integrate family support specialists as equal members of the team showed more positive organizational functioning. Implications for the role of quality indicators in health care reform efforts are discussed. PMID:23873037

Kutash, Krista; Acri, Mary; Pollock, Michele; Armusewicz, Kelsey; Hoagwood, Kimberly Eaton

2014-01-01

74

Improving teamwork, confidence, and collaboration among members of a pediatric cardiovascular intensive care unit multidisciplinary team using simulation-based team training.  

PubMed

Findings show that simulation-based team training (SBTT) is effective at increasing teamwork skills. Postpediatric cardiac surgery cardiac arrest (PPCS-CA) is a high-risk clinical situation with high morbidity and mortality. Whereas adult guidelines managing cardiac arrest after cardiac surgery are available, little exists for pediatric cardiac surgery. The authors developed a post-PPCS-CA algorithm and used SBTT to improve identification and management of PPCS-CA in the pediatric cardiovascular intensive care unit. Their goal was to determine whether participation aids in improving teamwork, confidence, and communication during these events. The authors developed a simulation-based training course using common postcardiac surgical emergency scenarios with specific learning objectives. Simulated scenarios are followed by structured debriefings. Participants were evaluated based on critical performance criteria, key elements in the PPCS-CA algorithm, and Team Strategies and Tools to Enhance Performance and Patient Safety (Team STEPPS) principles. Surveys performed before, immediately after, and 3 months after participation evaluated perception of skill, knowledge, and confidence. The study had 37 participants (23 nurses, 5 cardiology/critical care trainees, 5 respiratory therapists, and 4 noncategorized subjects). Confidence and skill in the roles of team leader, advanced airway management, and cardioversion/defibrillation were increased significantly (p < 0.05) immediately after training and 3 months later. A significant increase (p < 0.05) also was observed in the use of Team STEPPS concepts immediately after training and 3 months later. This study showed SBTT to be effective in improving communication and increasing confidence among members of a multidisciplinary team during crisis scenarios. Thus, SBTT provides an excellent tool for teaching and implementing new processes. PMID:22972517

Figueroa, Mayte I; Sepanski, Robert; Goldberg, Steven P; Shah, Samir

2013-03-01

75

Team players against headache: multidisciplinary treatment of primary headaches and medication overuse headache  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multidisciplinary approaches are gaining acceptance in headache treatment. However, there is a lack of scientific data about\\u000a the efficacy of various strategies and their combinations offered by physiotherapists, physicians, psychologists and headache\\u000a nurses. Therefore, an international platform for more intense collaboration between these professions and between headache\\u000a centers is needed. Our aims were to establish closer collaboration and an interchange

Charly Gaul; Corine M. Visscher; Rhia Bhola; Marjolijn J. Sorbi; Federica Galli; Annette V. Rasmussen; Rigmor Jensen

76

Determinants of treatment plan implementation in multidisciplinary team meetings for patients with chronic diseases: a mixed-methods study  

PubMed Central

Objective Multidisciplinary team (MDT) meetings are assumed to produce better decisions and are extensively used to manage chronic disease in the National Health Service (NHS). However, evidence for their effectiveness is mixed. Our objective was to investigate determinants of MDT effectiveness by examining factors influencing the implementation of MDT treatment plans. This is a proxy measure of effectiveness, because it lies on the pathway to improvements in health, and reflects team decision making which has taken account of clinical and non-clinical information. Additionally, this measure can be compared across MDTs for different conditions. Methods We undertook a prospective mixed-methods study of 12 MDTs in London and North Thames. Data were collected by observation of 370 MDT meetings, interviews with 53 MDT members, and from 2654 patient medical records. We examined the influence of patient-related factors (disease, age, sex, deprivation, whether their preferences and other clinical/health behaviours were mentioned) and MDT features (as measured using the ‘Team Climate Inventory’ and skill mix) on the implementation of MDT treatment plans. Results The adjusted odds (or likelihood) of implementation was reduced by 25% for each additional professional group represented at the MDT meeting. Implementation was more likely in MDTs with clear goals and processes and a good ‘Team Climate’ (adjusted OR 1.96; 95% CI 1.15 to 3.31 for a unit increase in Team Climate Inventory (TCI) score). Implementation varied by disease category, with the lowest adjusted odds of implementation in mental health teams. Implementation was also lower for patients living in more deprived areas (adjusted odds of implementation for patients in the most compared with least deprived areas was 0.60, 95% CI 0.39 to 0.91). Conclusions Greater multidisciplinarity is not necessarily associated with more effective decision making. Explicit goals and procedures are also crucial. Decision implementation should be routinely monitored to ensure the equitable provision of care. PMID:24915539

Raine, Rosalind; Xanthopoulou, Penny; Wallace, Isla; Nic a' Bhaird, Caoimhe; Lanceley, Anne; Clarke, Alex; Livingston, Gill; Prentice, Archie; Ardron, Dave; Harris, Miriam; King, Michael; Michie, Susan; Blazeby, Jane M; Austin-Parsons, Natalie; Gibbs, Simon; Barber, Julie

2014-01-01

77

[Developing team reflexivity as a learning and working tool for medical teams].  

PubMed

Team reflexivity is a collective activity in which team members review their previous work, and develop ideas on how to modify their work behavior in order to achieve better future results. It is an important learning tool and a key factor in explaining the varying effectiveness of teams. Team reflexivity encompasses both self-awareness and agency, and includes three main activities: reflection, planning, and adaptation. The model of briefing-debriefing cycles promotes team reflexivity. Its key elements include: Pre-action briefing--setting objectives, roles, and strategies the mission, as well as proposing adaptations based on what was previously learnt from similar procedures; Post-action debriefing--reflecting on the procedure performed and reviewing the extent to which objectives were met, and what can be learnt for future tasks. Given the widespread attention to team-based work systems and organizational learning, efforts should be made toward ntroducing team reflexivity in health administration systems. Implementation could be difficult because most teams in hospitals are short-lived action teams formed for a particular event, with limited time and opportunity to consciously reflect upon their actions. But it is precisely in these contexts that reflexive processes have the most to offer instead of the natural impulsive collective logics. Team reflexivity suggests a potential solution to the major problems of iatorgenesis--avoidable medical errors, as it forces all team members to participate in a reflexive process together. Briefing-debriefing technology was studied mainly in surgical teams and was shown to enhance team-based learning and to improve quality-related outcomes and safety. PMID:24791567

Riskin, Arieh; Bamberger, Peter

2014-01-01

78

Self-directed work teams in marketing organizations.  

PubMed

As marketing organizations move toward the 21st century they are becoming concerned with the development of self-directed work teams. Marketing organizations that have informed, motivated, skilled, trained, and committed employees will out perform organizations which operate in the traditional manner. Many self-directed work teams have grown out of the quality circles. The goal of these teams is to increase employee involvement in decisions of the organization to the greatest extent that employees' knowledge and training allow. In fact, today's marketing organizations need to be able to respond quickly to change driven by internal and external customers. The winning organizations will be able to produce more product with better quality in less time by staying lean, flexible, and implementing self-directed work teams. Marketing organizations that can commit to self-directed work teams will benefit by having customer and employee satisfaction, money saved, and excessive bureaucracy eliminated. PMID:10623198

Gilbertson, T F

1999-01-01

79

Chronic back pain and work disability: Vocational outcomes following multidisciplinary rehabilitation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies indicate that work disabled chronic back pain patients out of work for longer than three months have a reduced probability\\u000a of returning to work. The escalating personal and economic costs (indemnity and health care) associated with such long term\\u000a disability have facilitated efforts at multiple levels to prevent and more effectively manage work disability. Multidisciplinary\\u000a rehabilitation (MDR) targeted at

Michael Feuerstein; Lynne Menz; Thomas Zastowny; Bruce A. Barron

1994-01-01

80

The Work of Recovery on Two Assertive Community Treatment Teams  

PubMed Central

The compatibility of recovery work with the Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) model has been debated; and little is known about how to best measure the work of recovery. Two ACT teams with high and low recovery orientation were identified by expert consensus and compared on a number of dimensions. Using an interpretive, qualitative approach to analyze interview and observation data, teams differed in the extent to which the environment, team structure, staff attitudes, and processes of working with consumers supported principles of recovery orientation. We present a model of recovery work and discuss implications for research and practice. PMID:20839045

Salyers, Michelle P.; Stull, Laura G.; Rollins, Angela L.; Hopper, Kim

2011-01-01

81

What Makes Teams Take? Employee Reactions to Work Reforms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted of employee reactions to work teams, reduced job classification, and skill-based pay established by an agreement between Chrysler and the United Auto Workers. Attitudes were more negative in plants threatened by closure, but individuals in those plants engaged in more team behaviors. Responses varied by demography and…

Hunter, Larry W.; MacDuffie, John Paul; Doucet, Lorna

2002-01-01

82

The Effect of a Nurse-Led Multidisciplinary Team on Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Rates  

PubMed Central

Background. Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a worrisome, yet potentially preventable threat in critically ill patients. Evidence-based clinical practices targeting the prevention of VAP have proven effective, but the most optimal methods to ensure consistent implementation and compliance remain unknown. Methods. A retrospective study of the trend in VAP rates in a community-hospital's open medical intensive care unit (MICU) after the enactment of a nurse-led VAP prevention team. The period of the study was between April 1, 2009, and September 30, 2012. The team rounded on mechanically ventilated patients every Tuesday and Thursday. They ensured adherence to the evidence-based VAP prevention. A separate and independent infection control team monitored VAP rates. Results. Across the study period, mean VAP rate was 3.20/1000 ventilator days ±5.71 SD. Throughout the study time frame, there was an average monthly reduction in VAP rate of 0.27/1000 ventilator days, P < 0.001 (CI: ?0.40–?0.13). Conclusion. A nurse-led interdisciplinary team dedicated to VAP prevention rounding twice a week to ensure adherence with a VAP prevention bundle lowered VAP rates in a community-hospital open MICU. The team had interdepartmental and administrative support and addressed any deficiencies in the VAP prevention bundle components actively. PMID:25061525

Dosher, W. Bradley; Loomis, Elena C.; Richardson, Sherry L.; Crowell, Jennifer A.; Waltman, Richard D.; Miller, Lisa D.; Nazim, Muhammad; Khasawneh, Faisal A.

2014-01-01

83

The effect of a nurse-led multidisciplinary team on ventilator-associated pneumonia rates.  

PubMed

Background. Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a worrisome, yet potentially preventable threat in critically ill patients. Evidence-based clinical practices targeting the prevention of VAP have proven effective, but the most optimal methods to ensure consistent implementation and compliance remain unknown. Methods. A retrospective study of the trend in VAP rates in a community-hospital's open medical intensive care unit (MICU) after the enactment of a nurse-led VAP prevention team. The period of the study was between April 1, 2009, and September 30, 2012. The team rounded on mechanically ventilated patients every Tuesday and Thursday. They ensured adherence to the evidence-based VAP prevention. A separate and independent infection control team monitored VAP rates. Results. Across the study period, mean VAP rate was 3.20/1000 ventilator days ±5.71 SD. Throughout the study time frame, there was an average monthly reduction in VAP rate of 0.27/1000 ventilator days, P < 0.001 (CI: -0.40--0.13). Conclusion. A nurse-led interdisciplinary team dedicated to VAP prevention rounding twice a week to ensure adherence with a VAP prevention bundle lowered VAP rates in a community-hospital open MICU. The team had interdepartmental and administrative support and addressed any deficiencies in the VAP prevention bundle components actively. PMID:25061525

Dosher, W Bradley; Loomis, Elena C; Richardson, Sherry L; Crowell, Jennifer A; Waltman, Richard D; Miller, Lisa D; Nazim, Muhammad; Khasawneh, Faisal A

2014-01-01

84

Linking Team Resources to Work-Family Enrichment and Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Work-family scholars now recognize the potential positive effects of participation in one life domain (i.e., work or family) on performance in other life domains. We examined how employees might benefit from team resources, which are highly relevant to the modern workplace, in both work and nonwork domains via work-family enrichment. Using the…

Hunter, Emily M.; Perry, Sara Jansen; Carlson, Dawn S.; Smith, Steven A.

2010-01-01

85

Impact of a Behavioral-Based Intervention on Inspiratory Muscle Training Prescription by a Multidisciplinary Team  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Our goal was to compare behavioral- and information-based interventions aimed at increasing prescription of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) by interdisciplinary teams during pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). Methods: Six hospital PR programs were randomly assigned to a…

Simms, Alanna M.; Li, Linda C.; Geddes, E. Lynne; Brooks, Dina; Hoens, Alison M.; Reid, W. Darlene

2012-01-01

86

Multidisciplinary Teams and Group Decision-Making Techniques: Possible Solutions to Decision-Making Problems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In placement decisions necessitated by PL 94-142, the multidimensional team approach may be hindered by group problems. The more structured nominal group technique (NGT) is suggested. NGT has six steps: silent, written generation of ideas; round robin reporting; group discussion for clarification; preliminary priority vote; discussion; and final…

Kaiser, Steven M.; Woodman, Richard W.

1985-01-01

87

Perceived Dissimilarity and Perspective Taking Within Work Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors investigate the relationship between employee perceptions of surface- and deep-level dissimilarity and within-team perspective taking. Results suggest that the more dissimilar employees perceive themselves to be from their fellow team members in terms of their work style, the less their perspective taking (i.e., lower positive attributions and empathy). In addition, the authors found that perceived work-style dissimilarity interacted

Helen M. Williams; Sharon K. Parker; Nick Turner

2007-01-01

88

Humanitarian cardiac care in Arequipa, Peru: experiences of a multidisciplinary Canadian cardiovascular team  

PubMed Central

Background The prevalence of cardiovascular disease and its associated mortality continue to increase in developing countries despite unparalleled improvements in cardiovascular medicine over the last century. Cardiovascular care in developing nations is often constrained by limited resources, poor access, lack of specialty training and inadequate financial support. Medical volunteerism by experienced health care teams can provide mentorship, medical expertise and health policy advice to local teams and improve cardiovascular patient outcomes. Methods We report our experience from annual successive humanitarian medical missions to Arequipa, Peru, and describe the challenges faced when performing cardiovascular interventions with limited resources. Results Over a 2-year period, we performed a total of 15 cardiac repairs in patients with rheumatic, congenital and ischemic heart disease. We assessed and managed 150 patients in an outpatient clinic, including 7 patients at 1-year postoperative follow-up. Conclusion Despite multiple challenges, we were able to help the local team deliver advanced cardiovascular care to many patients with few alternatives and achieve good early and 1-year outcomes. Interdisciplinary education at all levels of cardiac care, including preoperative assessment, intraoperative surgical and anesthetic details, and postoperative critical care management, were major goals for our medical missions. PMID:22630071

Adams, Corey; Kiefer, Philipp; Ryan, Kenneth; Smith, David; McCabe, Greg; Allen, Peter; Sridhar, Kumar; Torres, Pedro; Chu, Michael W.A.

2012-01-01

89

Multidisciplinary teams, and parents, negotiating common ground in shared-care of children with long-term conditions: A mixed methods study  

PubMed Central

Background Limited negotiation around care decisions is believed to undermine collaborative working between parents of children with long-term conditions and professionals, but there is little evidence of how they actually negotiate their respective roles. Using chronic kidney disease as an exemplar this paper reports on a multi-method study of social interaction between multidisciplinary teams and parents as they shared clinical care. Methods Phases 1 and 2: a telephone survey mapping multidisciplinary teams’ parent-educative activities, and qualitative interviews with 112 professionals (Clinical-psychologists, Dietitians, Doctors, Nurses, Play-specialists, Pharmacists, Therapists and Social-workers) exploring their accounts of parent-teaching in the 12 British children’s kidney units. Phase 3: six ethnographic case studies in two units involving observations of professional/parent interactions during shared-care, and individual interviews. We used an analytical framework based on concepts drawn from Communities of Practice and Activity Theory. Results Professionals spoke of the challenge of explaining to each other how they are aware of parents’ understanding of clinical knowledge, and described three patterns of parent-educative activity that were common across MDTs: Engaging parents in shared practice; Knowledge exchange and role negotiation, and Promoting common ground. Over time, professionals had developed a shared repertoire of tools to support their negotiations with parents that helped them accomplish common ground during the practice of shared-care. We observed mutual engagement between professionals and parents where a common understanding of the joint enterprise of clinical caring was negotiated. Conclusions For professionals, making implicit knowledge explicit is important as it can provide them with a language through which to articulate more clearly to each other what is the basis of their intuition-based hunches about parents’ support needs, and may help them to negotiate with parents and accelerate parents’ learning about shared caring. Our methodology and results are potentially transferrable to shared management of other conditions. PMID:23835151

2013-01-01

90

(International Energy Agency Heat Pump Center Working Team meeting)  

SciTech Connect

The traveler, serving as Delegate from the United States Heat Pump Center National Team, participated in the activities of the second International Energy Agency Heat Pump Center (IEA-HPC) Working Team meeting. This included a 20 minute presentation by the traveler about the Development and Activities of the IEA Heat Pump Center US National Team.'' Highlights of this meeting included development of 1991 IEA-HPC work plans including a prioritization of activities, introduction of the newly appointed IEA-HPC Advisory Board, and discussion of a new IEA Clearinghouse Network initiative. Pre-meeting discussions were held with IEA-HPC staff members which focused on US Heat Pump Center National Team contributions to the IEA-HPC Newsletter and participation in other IEA-HPC sponsored activities.

Broders, M.A.

1990-11-20

91

Harris Semiconductor Division's journey to self-directed work teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trust is the root of an empowered workforce. Managers and employees must be trustworthy. Without trust, the self-directed work team will fail. The new team structure requires management to learn a coaching style of leadership. Employees learn interpersonal skills while expanding their technical skill sets. Learning is centered around a win-win philosophy-an essential ingredient for a culture that values cooperation

S. Gilmore; E. Rose; R. Odom

1994-01-01

92

Consequences of Feeling Dissimilar from Others in a Work Team  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study extended the current literature on group diversity by examining the moderating influence of perceived group openness to diversity on the relationships between perceived individual visible, informational, and value dissimilarity; individual task and relationship conflict; and work group involvement. A survey was administered to 129 public service employees who worked in intact teams. Results revealed that value dissimilarity had

Elizabeth V. Hobman; Prashant Bordia; Cynthia Gallois

2003-01-01

93

Team work project 1A The bird flu  

E-print Network

Team work project 1A The bird flu By Huy Quang Nguyen Kari Johanne Kihle Attramadal Brattøra................................................................................................................. 3 2. What is the bird flu? And which virus cause bird flu? What is the situation now?.... 3 3. How be expected from Norwegian Food Safety Authority on field work area that have bird flu or in areas

Bech, Claus

94

Ergonomics at Volkswagen Brasil. Multidisciplinary work to equalize health, productivity and quality.  

PubMed

Following the technological developments and presented to the multidisciplinary processes as automakers, Volkswagen Brazil, represented by its ergonomists, through this paper, shows the importance of ergonomic efficiency of management applied to various levels of life of a product, since its creation to its final implementation on production lines.The preventive work of ergonomists during the processes leading to production of a vehicle is accomplished through assessments on a simulated system called the Digital Factory. Since the initial stages to final product delivery there is a need for a multidisciplinary aligning the concepts of ergonomics, productivity and quality of product. Industrial Engineering, Process Engineering, ergonomists and workers are involved in the analysis made through the Workshop's showing the importance of discussion between the various users of the systems. The processes of series are also equipped with a set of certifications flow of job and planned audits on items that describe processes and applied ergonomics. PMID:22317399

Filus, Rodrigo; Wruca, Rodrigo; Charleaux, Vanessa; Ortega, Auro; Ferreira, Claudio; Jesus, Leandro; Stramari, Anderson; Neufel, Michel; Maia, Uyara

2012-01-01

95

Addressing sophisticated cyber threats demands a multidisciplinary team with a unique mindset. Sandia provides  

E-print Network

-the-art facilities and equipment to develop advanced technologies. Sandia's unique work requires the collective's principal sites are in Albuquerque, NM and Livermore, CA. You will find diverse cultural, sport, and outdoor activities amid countryside and climate that rank among the best in the country. NM: Located in the foothills

96

Team working: part I – an evaluation of current thinking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The received wisdom is that team working is a good thing and is spoken about positively as a means of promoting co-operation and of making the best use of employees' strengths. This article seeks to examine why this may be and to address the four areas highlighted by ACAS where improvements are made, i.e. productivity, quality, the use

Malcolm McGreevy

2006-01-01

97

Enhancing Social Work Education through Team-Based Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Group learning strategies are used extensively in social work education, despite the challenges and negative outcomes regularly experienced by students and faculty. Building on principles of cooperative learning, team-based learning offers a more structured approach that maximizes the benefits of cooperative learning while also offering…

Gillespie, Judy

2012-01-01

98

A successful methodology for designing and implementing virtual work teams  

SciTech Connect

A system has been implemented at Los Alamos National Laboratory to rapidly staff and manage project teams. These project teams are created and subsequently perform their project functions using information technology as the communication medium. A simplified model of group interactions was used to guide the design and implementation of the system. The model uses three primary axes of group interactions to express the functional requirements that must be supported by a virtual work team application. The evolution of the approach and its relationship to traditional project management are described. A number of design characteristics were found to be critical to the success of the implementation and are presented. The technology and supporting processes and the business results stemming from implementation of the system are described in a limited manner.

Stuewe, R.B.; Barnes, M.G.; Hughes, D.K.

1997-11-01

99

Decision-making from multidisciplinary team meetings to the bedside: Factors influencing the recruitment of breast cancer patients into clinical trials | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Cancer.gov

Multidisciplinary team meetings in comprehensive cancer centers identify potentially eligible patients and discuss clinical trial participation. However, a French study using retrospective chart review and physician surveys found that less than half (39%) of the identified patients were invited to participate by their physicians. Of those invited, 74% joined a trial. Physicians were most likely to offer diagnostic or prognostic trials and retired patients and executives were the most likely to enroll.

100

The Effect of Self-Directed Work Teams on Work Ethic  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the work ethic of manufacturing machine operators between self-directed work teams and traditional work groups using four work ethic subscales: dependable, considerate, ambitious, and cooperative (Dawson, [1999]; Petty, [1991]). Differences in measured work ethic scores were also compared across six demographic variables: age,…

Petty, Gregory C.; Lim, Doo Hun; Yoon, Seung Won; Fontan, Johnny

2008-01-01

101

Multidisciplinary rehabilitation of chronic work-related upper extremity disorders. Long-term effects.  

PubMed

The prevalence of work-related upper extremity disorders has significantly increased in the past decade. Persistent pain, loss of function, and associated work disability in patients with work-related upper extremity disorders appears to be affected by multiple factors including physical capabilities in relation to work demands, ergonomic risk factors on the job, and psychological factors related to worker traits, psychological readiness to return to work, and ability to manage symptoms. The complex nature of these disorders suggests the utility of a multidisciplinary program targeted at these factors. The present study is an investigation of the long-term vocational outcome of a multicomponent rehabilitation program that includes physical conditioning, work conditioning, work-related pain and stress management, ergonomic consultation, and vocational counseling/placement. Two groups equivalent on measures of duration of work disability, pain severity, fear of reinjury, psychological distress, perceived work environment, age, and education level were exposed to either the comprehensive work rehabilitation intervention (n = 19) or usual care (n = 15). Return-to-work status was determined at an average of 17 months posttreatment (range, 3 to 35 months) for the treatment group and an average of 18 months postevaluation (range, 5 to 30 months) for the usual care group. Findings indicated that 74% of the treatment group returned to work or were involved in state-supported vocational training in contrast to 40% of the control group (P < .05). For those who returned to work, 91% of the treatment group were working full-time in contrast to 50% of the control group (P < .05). Although the treatment group demonstrated a higher return-to-work rate than controls, the work reentry rate was not as high as similar approaches with work-related low back pain (80% to 88% return-to-work rate). These findings suggest the need to modify treatment components to facilitate an increased return-to-work rate. Areas that may prove useful include a greater emphasis ergonomic modifications at the workplace to reduce the risks of repetitiveness, force, awkward posture, and insufficient work/rest cycles, as well as efforts to modify work style directly in order to reduce the impact of ergonomic stressors on the ability to perform essential job tasks. In combination with traditional work hardening efforts directed at improving strength and flexibility of the upper extremities and work-related pain and stress management training, these ergonomic and work-style modification efforts may contribute to increases in the percentage of work disabled cases who successfully return to competitive work. PMID:8487118

Feuerstein, M; Callan-Harris, S; Hickey, P; Dyer, D; Armbruster, W; Carosella, A M

1993-04-01

102

Team Building: Helping Your Staff Learn to Work Together.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After defining team building, describes Patrick Henry Community College's (PHCC's) Team Development program, which, in three sessions, presents a rationale for team development, identifies the characteristics of effective teams, and develops team building skills. Reviews followup activities and the results of PHCC's efforts to gain support for…

Reece, Barry L.; Cooper, John F.

1980-01-01

103

We're Hiring Join the Team and Work on some of Today's Grand  

E-print Network

solutions for Risk and Big Data. We are a multi-disciplinary team combining expertise in mathematics for risk and big data · Programming and algorithm optimization · Numerical mathematics · A degree of the following: · Object-oriented programming (Java, C++, C#, etc.). · Scripting experience (Python, Ruby, shell

Pinsky, Ross

104

RoboCup: Multi-disciplinary Senior Design Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A cross-college team of educators has developed a collaborative, multi-disciplinary senior design course at Ohio University. This course offers an attractive opportunity for students from a variety of disciplines to work together in a learning community to accomplish a challenging task. It provides a novel multi-disciplinary learning environment…

Elder, Kevin Lee

105

Creating a Classroom Team: How Teachers and Paraprofessionals Can Make Working Together Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Respect and communication. That's what teachers and paraprofessionals say makes an effective classroom team. In speaking with paraprofessionals and teachers, the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) has gathered several tips about how to make working together work. These tips include: (1) Creating a healthy, open relationship between teacher and…

American Federation of Teachers (NJ), 2004

2004-01-01

106

Winning Isn't Everything: A Group Work Approach to Sports Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the compatibility of the athletic team and the small group as it is viewed in social work. It highlights the challenges involved in applying group work concepts, principles and skills to work with teams. The paper demonstrates the relevance of group work intervention to three team challenges: what to do about winning, how to handle the “weak”

Matthew Gerber

1999-01-01

107

Evaluating the role of fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography in multi-disciplinary team recommendations for oesophago-gastric cancer  

PubMed Central

Background: National guidelines recommend that fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) is performed in all patients being considered for radical treatment of oesophageal or oesophago-gastric cancer without computerised tomography scan (CTS) evidence of metastasis. Guidance also mandates that all patients with cancer have treatment decisions made within the context of a multi-disciplinary team (MDT) meeting. Little is known, however, about the influence of PET-CT on decision making within MDTs. The aim of this study was to assess the role of PET-CT in oesophago-gastric cancer on MDT decision making. Methods: A retrospective analysis of a prospectively held database of all patients with biopsy-proven oesophageal or oesophago-gastric cancer discussed by a specialist MDT was interrogated. Patients selected for radical treatment without CTS evidence of M1 disease were identified. The influence of PET-CT on MDT decision making was examined by establishing whether the PET-CT confirmed CTS findings of M0 disease (and did not change the patient staging pathway) or whether the PET-CT changed the pathway by showing unsuspected M1 disease, refuting CTS suspicious metastases, or identifying another lesion (needing further investigation). Results: In 102 MDT meetings, 418 patients were discussed, of whom 240 were initially considered for radical treatment and 238 undergoing PET-CT. The PET-CT confirmed CTS findings for 147 (61.8%) and changed MDT recommendations in 91 patients (38.2%) by (i) identifying M1 disease (n=43), (ii) refuting CTS suspicions of M1 disease (n=25), and (iii) identifying new lesions required for investigations (n=23). Conclusion: The addition of PET-CT to standard staging for oesophageal cancer led to changes in MDT recommendations in 93 (38.2%) patients, improving patient selection for radical treatment. The validity of the proposed methods for evaluating PET-CT on MDT decision making requires more work in other centres and teams. PMID:23963146

Blencowe, N S; Whistance, R N; Strong, S; Hotton, E J; Ganesh, S; Roach, H; Callaway, M; Blazeby, J M

2013-01-01

108

Practising evidence-based medicine: the design and implementation of a multidisciplinary team-driven extubation protocol  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Evidence from recent literature shows that protocol-directed extubation is a useful approach to liberate patients from mechanical ventilation (MV). However, research evidence does not necessarily provide guidance on how to implement changes in individual intensive care units (ICUs). We conducted the present study to determine whether such an evidence-based strategy can be implemented safely and effectively using a multidisciplinary

Pik Kei O Chan; Sandra Fischer; Thomas E Stewart; David C Hallett; Patricia Hynes-Gay; Stephen E Lapinsky; Rod MacDonald; Sangeeta Mehta

2001-01-01

109

Work in Progress: The Seven Rs of Team Building  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues that supportive teams--including professionals, paraprofessionals, and parents--can teach staff members how to identify and implement best practices in early intervention settings. The authors describe "the seven Rs of team building" distilled from their many years of team building and maintenance: 1) Reading cues; 2) Regular…

Brunelli, Jean; Schneider, Elaine Fogel

2004-01-01

110

Talk that works: evaluating communication in a factory production team  

Microsoft Academic Search

What part does communication play in the success of a top-performing factory production team? To what extent are the effective communication skills and strategies used by this team transferable to other teams at the factory? These two questions provided the starting point for a collaborative action research project involving the Language in the Workplace Project and staff at the Lever

Maria Stubbe

111

Should they have a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy? the importance of assessing decision-making capacity and the central role of a multidisciplinary team.  

PubMed

Decisions about percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) can be clinically and ethically challenging, particularly when patients lack decision-making capacity. As the age of the UK population rises, with the associated increase in prevalence of dementias and neurodegenerative diseases, it is becoming an increasingly important issue for clinicians. The recent review and subsequent withdrawal of the Liverpool Care Pathway highlighted feeding as a particular area of concern. The authors undertook a 1-year retrospective review of individuals referred to the feeding issues multidisciplinary team (FIMDT) at Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK, in 2011. The majority of patients referred (n = 158) had a primary diagnosis of cancer (44%). The second largest group was those who had had a stroke or brain haemorrhage (13%). Twenty-eight per cent of patients had no, or uncertain, decision-making capacity on at least one occasion during decision-making. There are reflections on the role of a multidisciplinary team in the process of decision-making for these complex patients. PMID:24889566

Clarke, Gemma; Galbraith, Sarah; Woodward, Jeremy; Holland, Anthony; Barclay, Stephen

2014-06-01

112

Tension between U.S. labor law and work restructuring: A focus on team-based work systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Team-based work systems are part of a new management commitment paradigm. Recently, concerns have been raised regarding the\\u000a legality of team-based work systems under the National Labor Relations Act. Workplace teams and team systems are not per se\\u000a illegal. This review indicates that there is a high degree of certainty regarding the conduct and characteristics necessary\\u000a to trigger legitimate challenges

Patrick P. McHugh

1995-01-01

113

The International Team in NanosafeTy (TITNT): A Multidisciplinary group for an improvement of Nanorisk Assessment and Management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nanotechnology allows the ability to design many new materials and devices with multiple applications, such as in medicine, electronics, and energy production. However, nanotechnology also raises several concerns about the toxicity and environmental impact of nanomaterials. A report published by the Council of Canadian Academies points out the necessity to respond about many uncertainties associated with risk assessment for ensuring the safety of health and environment. Nanotoxicology (or Nanosafety) is a part of the toxicology science that aims to study adverse effects of nanomaterials or nanoparticles on living organisms. This field includes different aspects from workers prevention to the environment protection. Group of researchers have initiated an international powerful interactive milieu for researchers to work in concert for a global and integrated study of many aspects of nanotoxicology. The International Team in NanosafeTy (TITNT) is composed of research scientists from 5 different countries (Canada, USA, Japan, France and Germany) working together on 6 different specific thematics, and organized as 9 different technology platforms (www.titnt.com). TITNT aims to study different features of nanomaterials related to nanosafety, such as in vivo and in vitro studies, life cycle, occupational protections and monitoring, early biomarkers detection, characterization and nanotoxicokinetic/dynamic assessment during and after nanoparticles synthesis and the societal, public policy and environmental aspects. While the rapid growth of nanotechnology is opening up a floodgate of opportunities, the legislation related is lagging behind mainly because of a lack of knowledge in the biosafety of most nanomaterials. The main goal of TITNT is to improve knowledge in nanosafety science for the benefit of the discipline, for better public policies and for the public itself.

Emond, C.; Rolando, C.; Hirano, S.; Schuster, F.; Jolliet, O.; Maghni, K.; Meyer-Plath, A.; Hallé, S.; Vandelac, L.; Sentein, C.; Torkaski, C.

2011-07-01

114

Multidisciplinary Treatment Planning Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Multidisciplinary care, which incorporates Multidisciplinary Treatment Planning (MTP), is increasingly being adopted within oncology care settings with the intent of enhancing the quality of care delivered to patients. However, what is not known is its impact on improving patient outcomes and the quality of care being delivered. A targeted review of the literature was conducted to examine the organization and operation of the Multidisciplinary Care (MDC) team structure1. Findings revealed that a variety of implementation models exist within the health care system.

115

Multidisciplinary team approach to improved chronic care management for diabetic patients in an urban safety net ambulatory care clinic.  

PubMed

Since the care of patients with multiple chronic diseases such as diabetes and depression accounts for the majority of health care costs, effective team approaches to managing such complex care in primary care are needed, particularly since psychosocial and physical disorders coexist. Uncontrolled diabetes is a leading health risk for morbidity, disability and premature mortality with between 18-31% of patients also having undiagnosed or undertreated depression. Here we describe a team driven approach that initially focused on patients with poorly controlled diabetes (A1c > 9) that took place at a family medicare office. The team included: resident and faculty physicians, a pharmacist, social worker, nurses, behavioral medicine interns, office scheduler, and an information technologist. The team developed immediate integrative care for diabetic patients during routine office visits. PMID:22403207

Tapp, Hazel; Phillips, Shay E; Waxman, Dael; Alexander, Matthew; Brown, Rhett; Hall, Mary

2012-01-01

116

Working with Teams and Organizations to Help Them Involve Family Members  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we describe our work in trying to influence whole service teams to move their practice towards greater involvement of affected family members. Work with five teams is described. The process varied but in all cases it included recruitment of the team, training, continued support and evaluation of results. Use of a standard…

Orford, Jim; Templeton, Lorna; Copello, Alex; Velleman, Richard; Ibanga, Akanidomo

2010-01-01

117

The Anonymity Factor in Making Multicultural Teams Work: Virtual and Real Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A major purpose of courses in intercultural communication is often to improve students' ability to perform well in situations with the potential to be both highly enlightening and highly difficult--in multicultural teams. This article reports the results of exercises in which members of a dysfunctional multicultural class were assigned to teams

Berg, Roberta Wiig

2012-01-01

118

TEAM.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents materials covering the television campaign against drunk driving called "TEAM" (Techniques for Effective Alcohol Management). It is noted that TEAM's purpose is to promote effective alcohol management in public facilities and other establishments that serve alcoholic beverages. TEAM sponsors are listed, including the…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

119

School-Based Multidisciplinary Teacher Team-Building Combining On-Line Professional Development (ESSEA) and Field-Based Environmental Monitoring (GLOBE)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The multidisciplinary nature of Earth system science provides a strong foundation for integrated science teaching at the K-12 level. In a Minneapolis-St. Paul based project, urban middle school teaching teams composed of language arts and math specialists as well as physical, Earth, and biological science teachers participate in the NASA Earth system science course (ESSEA) and in the international GLOBE environmental monitoring project. For students, the goal is to integrate science throughout the curriculum as well as involve classes from different subjects in a high-interest school science project. For teachers, the project provides greatly-needed classroom support and teacher team building, as well as professional development. The on-line course provides continuity and communication between the different team members. Face-to-face meetings with the instructors on site are conducted every 4 weeks. The problem-based learning approach to environmental issues developed in the ESSEA course lends itself to application to local environmental issues. New ESSEA modules developed for the project highlight environmental problems associated with flooding, introduced species, and eutrofication of lakes and rivers located near the participating schools. In addition, ESSEA participants are certified as GLOBE teachers, and assist their students in monitoring water quality. The synergistic partnership of ESSEA and GLOBE provides an attractive package upon which long-term school-based environmental monitoring projects can be based.

Low, R.

2003-12-01

120

A multidisciplinary team approach to two-stage revision for the infected hip replacement: a minimum five-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

We report the five year outcomes of a two-stage approach for infected total hip replacement. This is a single-surgeon experience at a tertiary centre where the more straightforward cases are treated using single-stage exchange. This study highlights the vital role of the multidisciplinary team in managing these cases. A total of 125 patients (51 male, 74 female) with a mean age of 68 years (42 to 78) were reviewed prospectively. Functional status was assessed using the Harris hip score (HHS). The mean HHS improved from 38 (6 to 78.5) pre-operatively to 81.2 (33 to 98) post-operatively. Staphylococcus species were isolated in 85 patients (68%). The rate of control of infection was 96% at five years. In all, 19 patients died during the period of the study. This represented a one year mortality of 0.8% and an overall mortality of 15.2% at five years. No patients were lost to follow-up. We report excellent control of infection in a series of complex patients and infections using a two-stage revision protocol supported by a multidisciplinary approach. The reason for the high rate of mortality in these patients is not known. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2014;96-B:1312-18. PMID:25274914

Ibrahim, M S; Raja, S; Khan, M A; Haddad, F S

2014-10-01

121

Leading team learning: what makes interprofessional teams learn to work well?  

PubMed

Abstract This article describes an ethnographic study focused on exploring leaders of team learning in well-established nephrology teams in an academic healthcare organization in Canada. Employing situational theory of leadership, the article provides details on how well established team members advance as "learning leaders". Data were gathered by ethnographic methods over a 9-month period with the members of two nephrology teams. These learning to care for the sick teams involved over 30 regulated health professionals, such as physicians, nurses, social workers, pharmacists, dietitians and other healthcare practitioners, staff, students and trainees, all of whom were collectively managing obstacles and coordinating efforts. Analysis involved an inductive thematic analysis of observations, reflections, and interview transcripts. The study indicated how well established members progress as team-learning leaders, and how they adapt to an interprofessional culture through the activities they employ to enable day-to-day learning. The article uses situational theory of leadership to generate a detailed illumination of the nature of leaders' interactions within an interprofessional context. PMID:24654793

Chatalalsingh, Carole; Reeves, Scott

2014-11-01

122

Best Practices for Rural Traffic Safety Webinar Series Tools and Talent: Supporting Local Multidisciplinary Safety Teams in  

E-print Network

WEBINAR Best Practices for Rural Traffic Safety Webinar Series Tools and Talent: Supporting Local T Y I O W A D E P A R T M E N T O F T R A N S P O R T A T I O N Tools and Talent: Supporting Local and Talent Team Safety Conscious Planning Event Resource Commitments Identifying Opportunity Areas Data

Minnesota, University of

123

Evidence-Based Multidisciplinary Strategies for Working With Children Who Set Fires  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1999, the National Association of State Fire Marshals received a grant from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, which culminated in the development of nationwide workshops designed to help communities intervene with children who play with and\\/or set fires. The purpose of this article is to describe the content of these multidisciplinary workshops including a comprehensive overview

Daryl L. Sharp; Susan W. Blaakman; Elizabeth C. Cole; Robert E. Cole

2005-01-01

124

Fostering the Work Motivation of Individuals and Teams.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes strategies for fostering individual motivation, focusing on unique motivation issues faced by teams and how to overcome them. Suggests that motivational programs can improve performance and solve performance problems, and that the challenge is to find ways to support individual and cultural beliefs about success and what makes them…

Clark, Richard E.

2003-01-01

125

Team Teaching Styles Utilized in Japan: Do They Really Work?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper continues the debate over TT (team-teaching) benefits and detriments. TT has been utilized extensively in Japan in English Language instructional courses at the elementary and junior high school levels over the past 20 years. Although at times satirical, the author in all seriousness discusses TT and; its advantages and disadvantages in…

Carley, Harry F., III

2013-01-01

126

Preliminary Outcomes From an Integrated Mental Health Primary Care Team  

E-print Network

The effects of establishing a multidisciplinary mental health primary care team in a Veterans Affairs internal medicine primary care clinic were evaluated. The multidisciplinary team worked in collaboration with primary care providers to evaluate and treat their patients, who had a wide variety of psychiatric disorders, in the primary care clinic. In the first year of operation preliminary outcomes indicated that the rate of referrals to specialty mental health care dropped from 38 percent to 14 percent. The mean number of appointments with the team for evaluation and stabilization was 2.5. These outcomes suggest that a multidisciplinary mental health primary care team can rapidly evaluate and stabilize pa-

Bradford L. Felker; Robert F. Barnes; Diane M. Greenberg, Ph.D.; Edmund F. Chaney, Ph.D.; Molly M. Shores; M. Katherine Buike

127

Multidisciplinary Concurrent Design Optimization via the Internet  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A methodology is presented which uses commercial design and analysis software and the Internet to perform concurrent multidisciplinary optimization. The methodology provides a means to develop multidisciplinary designs without requiring that all software be accessible from the same local network. The procedures are amenable to design and development teams whose members, expertise and respective software are not geographically located together. This methodology facilitates multidisciplinary teams working concurrently on a design problem of common interest. Partition of design software to different machines allows each constituent software to be used on the machine that provides the most economy and efficiency. The methodology is demonstrated on the concurrent design of a spacecraft structure and attitude control system. Results are compared to those derived from performing the design with an autonomous FORTRAN program.

Woodard, Stanley E.; Kelkar, Atul G.; Koganti, Gopichand

2001-01-01

128

Reducing patients' suicide ideation through training mental health teams in the application of the Dutch multidisciplinary practice guideline on assessment and treatment of suicidal behavior: study protocol of a randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background To strengthen suicide prevention skills in mental health care in The Netherlands, multidisciplinary teams throughout the country are trained in the application of the new Dutch guideline on the assessment and treatment of suicidal behavior. Previous studies have shown beneficial effects of additional efforts for guideline implementation on professionals’ attitude, knowledge, and skills. However, the effects on patients are equally important, but are rarely measured. The main objective of this study is to examine whether patients of multidisciplinary teams who are trained in guideline application show greater recovery from suicide ideation than patients of untrained teams. Methods/Design This is a multicentre cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT), in which multidisciplinary teams from mental health care institutions are matched in pairs, and randomly allocated to either the experimental or control condition. In the experimental condition, next to the usual dissemination of the guideline (internet, newsletter, books, publications, and congresses), teams will be trained in the application of the guideline via a 1-day small interactive group training program supported by e-learning modules. In the control condition, no additional actions next to usual dissemination of the guideline will be undertaken. Assessments at patient level will start when the experimental teams are trained. Assessments will take place upon admission and after 3 months, or earlier if the patient is discharged. The primary outcome is suicide ideation. Secondary outcomes are non-fatal suicide attempts, level of treatment satisfaction, and societal costs. Both a cost-effectiveness and cost-utility analysis will be performed. The effects of the intervention will be examined in multilevel models. Discussion The strengths of this study are the size of the study, RCT design, training of complete multidisciplinary teams, and the willingness of both management and staff to participate. Trial registration Netherlands trial register: NTR3092 PMID:24195781

2013-01-01

129

A New Concept of Working Environment Improvement Within Multicultural Teams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Multicultural team leaders under the conditions of globalisation process must understand that acquiring cultural awareness and diversity management skills is one of the premises for gaining competitive advantage and satisfying the employee? need for social cohesion. The concept presented in this paper goes beyond standard understanding of what cultural diversity management means, as it is not perceived as a set of activities that a business as a whole should be responsible for, but encourage every leader to take responsibility for its own awareness firstly. After understanding that cross-cultural competence is a lifelong learning process it is possible to start recognising one’s own cultural mindset before attempting to recognise those of people from other cultures. At this point it is a right time to spread the experience amongst other team members or associates.

Makraiová, Jana; Cagá?ová, Dagmar; ?ambál, Miloš

2012-12-01

130

Organizational Roles and Communication Modes in Team Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have surveyed ten collaborators' perceptions on the value of nine communication modes: email, telephone, pen-and-paper, computer conferencing, telephone conferencing, face-to-face, fax, post, and whiteboard. Eight roles were considered: innovator, resource investigator, chair, shaper, evaluator, team worker, organizer, and finisher. Through a repeated measures design, a mapping between these modes and roles was determined. Face-to-face communication was viewed as most

Antonios Michailidis; Roy Rada

2001-01-01

131

Cornell Waste Management Institute Program Work Team 1 Managing Organic Residuals  

E-print Network

Cornell Waste Management Institute ­ Program Work Team 1 Managing Organic Residuals Program Work Team ­ Annual Meeting Summary Cornell Waste Management Institute Date: March 10, 2011 Location Summary: The annual PWT meeting drew a lively group of 19 diverse stakeholders together. This year

Wang, Z. Jane

132

"Teamwork" or "Working as a Team"? The Theory and Practice of Top Team Working in UK Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the theory and practice of teamwork in "top management teams" in UK higher education institutions. It is informed by some of the key findings from a recent two-year research project sponsored by the Leadership Foundation for Higher Education that investigated the different ways in which UK higher education institutions…

Woodfield, Steve; Kennie, Tom

2008-01-01

133

Managers as facilitators. Making meetings work and leading effective teams.  

PubMed

When considering the long history of management, the manager as a facilitator is a relatively new concept. It takes on added importance because facilitation is a key element of the quality movement. By definition, to facilitate means "to make easy." Thus, the facilitator meets the requirements of his or her customers, i.e., the team, and makes it easy for them to succeed. This represents a major shift from the traditional role of the manager. The real challenge for many managers is to make the transformation from being the person in charge to the person who serves others so they can succeed. PMID:10165558

Morano, V J

1997-01-01

134

Multidisciplinary collaboration in delivering a weight management initiative: a mixed methods evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

20% of adults in Tower Hamlets can be classed as clinically obese; the Weight 2 Go! Programme was commissioned as joint partnership between social action for health (SAfH) and the Centre for Sports and Exercise Medicine. A multidisciplinary team (MDT) designed and guided peer led sessions. Multidisciplinary working provides the opportunity to share knowledge and multi-component interventions have been shown

T Aderotimi; S Hemmings; D Morrissey

2011-01-01

135

Harming high performers: a social comparison perspective on interpersonal harming in work teams.  

PubMed

This study developed a multilevel model of the interpersonal harming behavior associated with social comparison processes in work teams. We tested this model using temporally lagged data from a sample of student teams (Study 1) and cross-sectional data from a sample of work teams in a telecommunication services company (Study 2). In both studies, social relations analyses revealed that in teams with less cooperative goals, comparison to a higher performing team member was positively associated with interpersonal harming behavior, but only when expectations of future performance similarity to that member were low. The interactive relationship of social comparison and expected future performance similarity with interpersonal harming was buffered, however, in teams with more cooperative goals. PMID:21171734

Lam, Catherine K; Van der Vegt, Gerben S; Walter, Frank; Huang, Xu

2011-05-01

136

The Educational Impact of Team-Skills Training: Preparing Students to Work in Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Despite a vast literature on collaborative learning (CL), there is little research on preparing students to work collaboratively. Aims: This two-phase evaluation investigated whether team-skills training could enhance the performance of collaborative groups through the introduction of a team development programme to a group-based…

Prichard, Jane S.; Bizo, Lewis A.; Stratford, Robert J.

2006-01-01

137

Leading Workers to Lead Themselves: The External Leadership of Self-Managing Work Teams.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the paradoxical role of external leaders of self-managing work teams in a medium-sized manufacturing plant. External leaders' most important behaviors are those facilitating the team's management through self-observation, self-evaluation, and self-reinforcement. Leaders' dominant role is to lead others to lead themselves. Contains 6…

Manz, Charles C.; Sims, Henry P., Jr.

1987-01-01

138

Examining Collaboration on Interdisciplinary Sport Science Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The attainment of optimal sport performance,has become increasingly scientific and requires sport scientists to collaborate on training programs in order totake a holistic view of performance (Cherebetiu, 1980; Patrick, 2001). Collaborative approaches range from multidisciplinary teams - where sport scientists work with athletes in a singular fashion (Reid, Stewart, & Thorne, 2004; Thomas, 2001), to interdisciplinary teams - where

Lisa J. Rogerson; William B. Strean

139

The More the Merrier? Working Towards Multidisciplinary Management of Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Comorbid Insomnia  

PubMed Central

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a sleep-related breathing disorder that is associated with negative cardiovascular consequences and adverse events from excessive daytime sleepiness. Insomnia is the inability to initiate or maintain sleep accompanied by daytime dysfunction. OSA and insomnia co-occur at a high rate, and such patients appear to have distinct clinical features of both disorders. Although empirically supported treatments are now available for OSA and insomnia independently, there are currently no standards or guidelines for how to combine or initiate these treatments for patients who suffer from both sleep disorders. Our goal was to review the literature on current diagnostic considerations, clinical features, pathophysiology, and treatment approaches for patients with OSA and comorbid insomnia. In particular, the potential benefits and challenges of using a multidisciplinary treatment model are discussed, including a research strategy that could inform implementation of pulmonary and behavioral sleep medicine treatments. The research, clinical, and policy implications of treating both OSA and insomnia are discussed with the hope that further activity will establish standards or guidelines for patients with OSA and insomnia. PMID:23382086

Ong, Jason C.; Crisostomo, M. Isabel

2013-01-01

140

Team-level flexibility, work-home spillover, and health behavior  

PubMed Central

Drawing on two waves of survey data conducted six months apart in 2006, this study examined the impacts of a team-level flexibility initiative (ROWE – Results Only Work Environment) on changes in the work-home spillover and health behavior of employees at the Midwest headquarters of a large US corporation. Using cluster analysis, we identified three distinct baseline spillover constellations: employees with high negative spillover, high positive spillover, and low overall spillover. Within-team spillover measures were highly intercorrelated, suggesting that work teams as well as individuals have identifiable patterns of spillover. Multilevel analyses showed ROWE reduced individual- and team-level negative work-home spillover but not positive work-home spillover or spillover from home-to-work. ROWE also promoted employees’ health behaviors: increasing the odds of quitting smoking, decreasing smoking frequency, and promoting perceptions of adequate time for healthy meals. Trends suggest that ROWE also decreased the odds of excessive drinking and improved sleep adequacy and exercise frequency. Some health behavior effects were mediated via reduced individual-level negative work-home spillover (exercise frequency, adequate time for sleep) and reduced team-level negative work-home spillover (smoking frequency, exercise frequency, and adequate time for sleep). While we found no moderating effects of gender, ROWE especially improved the exercise frequency of singles and reduced the smoking frequency of employees with low overall spillover at baseline. PMID:23517706

Moen, Phyllis; Fan, Wen; Kelly, Erin L.

2013-01-01

141

Review of Multidisciplinary Measures of Cultural Competence for Use in Social Work Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reviews extant measures of cultural competence from many disciplines and evaluates their suitability for social work education based on 8 criteria: validity, reliability, relevance to social justice, item clarity, definition of diversity, coherence, social desirability, and appropriateness for social work. Nineteen instruments met…

Krentzman, Amy R.; Townsend, Aloen L.

2008-01-01

142

Moving towards multidisciplinary primary care collaboration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: In Europe, many primary care professionals were traditionally organized in small-scaled practices. Nowadays, they are working more often in larger practices. This applies to general practitioners, but also to other professions, such as midwives or physical therapists. In addition, primary care professions are teaming up in multidisciplinary practices more and more,\\u000awhich should improve collaboration and coordination within the

J. Hansen; L. Hingstman

2008-01-01

143

A learning curve-based method to implement multifunctional work teams in the Brazilian footwear sector.  

PubMed

This paper presents a method for implementing multifunctional work teams in a footwear company that followed the Taylor/Ford system for decades. The suggested framework first applies a Learning Curve (LC) modeling to assess whether rotation between tasks of different complexities affects workers' learning rate and performance. Next, the Macroergonomic Work Analysis (MA) method (Guimarães, 1999, 2009) introduces multifunctional principles in work teams towards workers' training and resources improvement. When applied to a pilot line consisting of 100 workers, the intervention-reduced work related accidents in 80%, absenteeism in 45.65%, and eliminated work related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD), medical consultations, and turnover. Further, the output rate of the multifunctional team increased average 3% compared to the production rate of the regular lines following the Taylor/Ford system (with the same shoe model being manufactured), while the rework and spoilage rates were reduced 85% and 69%, respectively. PMID:21907970

Guimarães, L B de M; Anzanello, M J; Renner, J S

2012-05-01

144

Emotional Abuse: The Work of a Multidisciplinary Consultation Group in a Child Psychiatric Service  

Microsoft Academic Search

The identification, assessment and treatment of emotional abuse demands a multi- disciplinary approach due to the complexity and multifactoral nature of the task in hand. Child psychiatry services have an important part to play. Common themes emerging in our work are outlined, illustrated with case material, which have furthered our understanding of damaging family interactional patterns and the psychological effect

Sylvia Boulton; Debbie Hindle

2000-01-01

145

Multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary management of chronic pain.  

PubMed

Multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary pain management programs incorporate a biopsychosocial model in assessing and treating pain and result in pain reduction, improved quality of life, and psychosocial functioning. Additionally, return-to-work and vocational outcomes may be seen in selected patients. Treatment teams may include a physiatrist, a physical or occupational therapist,a pain psychologist, a relaxation (biofeedback) therapist, vocational and therapeutic recreational therapists, social workers, and nurses. The key component to program success is collaborative ongoing communication among team members, the patient, and the case manager. PMID:16616276

Stanos, Steven; Houle, Timothy T

2006-05-01

146

Building Multidisciplinary Training Networks for Rural Development. Report of the Regional Workshop for Pre-service Training of Members of Multidisciplinary Educational Teams in Rural Areas (Pune, India, July 16-20, 1985).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers designed to help build multidisciplinary training networks for rural development are collected in this document, an outgrowth of a regional training workshop attended by participants from Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Thailand, and India. The six papers deal with the objectives of the workshop which were to:…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Bangkok (Thailand). Regional Office for Education in Asia and Oceania.

147

ABC conceptual model of effective multidisciplinary cancer care  

Microsoft Academic Search

The treatment of cancer requires that health care providers and caregivers from many disciplines work together on the intertwined physical, psychological, social and spiritual needs of oncology patients. Providing a conceptual framework explaining how the members of multidisciplinary oncology treatment teams may best interact with each other and the patient helps drive patient-centered care and clarifies the roles of specific

T. David Ito; R. Kevin Grigsby; Melanie V. Black; Janis Apted; Naoto T. Ueno

2010-01-01

148

Relationship between leadership behaviors and performance : The moderating role of a work team's level of age, gender, and cultural heterogeneity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – In today's organizations, the heterogeneity of work teams is increasing. For example, members of work teams have different ages, genders, and\\/or cultural backgrounds. As a consequence, team leaders have to face the challenge of taking into account the various needs, values, and motives of their followers. However, there has been very little empirical research to test whether the

Jens Rowold

2011-01-01

149

Challenges and opportunities for donors in reducing maternal death and morbidity: lessons from the PMM 1 The Prevention of Maternal Mortality (PMM) Network is a research network, established in 1987, consisting of 11 research teams in West Africa conducting multidisciplinary operations research on maternal health. These teams consist of an obstetrician\\/gynecologist, a community physician, a nurse-midwife and a social scientist. A team at Columbia University has provided technical assistance to these teams throughout the project. 1 experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

The experience of the PMM Network offers several insights for donors seeking to work on maternal mortality, particularly in Africa where the risk of maternal death is highest. First, the projects provide evidence that multidisciplinary operations research can result in the development and implementation of successful, relatively low-cost interventions. In addition, the work of PMM highlights the need for greater

Y. C Richardson

1997-01-01

150

Do many hands make light work? : How to overcome social loafing and gain motivation in work teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to challenge the assumption that process losses of individuals working in teams are unavoidable. The paper aims to challenge this assumption on the basis of social identity theory and recent research. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The approach adopted in this paper is to review the mainstream literature providing strong evidence for motivation problems of

Rolf van Dick; Patrick A. Tissington; Guido Hertel

2009-01-01

151

The Work Ability Divide: Holistic and Reductionistic Approaches in Swedish Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction Stakeholder cooperation in return to work has been increasingly emphasised in research, while studies on how such cooperation\\u000a works in practise are scarce. This article investigates the relationship between professionals in Swedish interdisciplinary\\u000a rehabilitation teams, and the aim of the article is to determine the participants’ definitions and uses of the concept of\\u000a work ability. Methods The methods chosen

Christian Ståhl; Tommy Svensson; Gunilla Petersson; Kerstin Ekberg

2009-01-01

152

What roles do team climate, roster control, and work life conflict play in shiftworkers' fatigue longitudinally?  

PubMed

The study aimed to examine shiftworkers fatigue and the longitudinal relationships that impact on fatigue such as team climate, work life conflict, control of shifts and shift type in shift working nurses. We used a quantitative survey methodology and analysed data with a moderated hierarchical multiple regression. After matching across two time periods 18 months apart, the sample consisted of 166 nurses from one Australian hospital. Of these nurses, 61 worked two rotating day shifts (morning & afternoon/evening) and 105 were rotating shiftworkers who worked three shifts (morning afternoon/evening and nights). The findings suggest that control over shift scheduling can have significant effects on fatigue for both two-shift and three-shift workers. A significant negative relationship between positive team climate and fatigue was moderated by shift type. At both Time 1 and Time 2, work life conflict was the strongest predictor of concurrent fatigue, but over time it was not. PMID:24210672

Pisarski, Anne; Barbour, Jennifer P

2014-05-01

153

Joint working in community mental health teams: implementation of an integrated care pathway.  

PubMed

Abstract Integration of community mental health services is a key policy objective that aims to increase quality and efficiency of care. Integrated care pathways (ICPs) are a mechanism designed to formalise multi-agency working at an operational level and are currently being applied to mental health services. Evidence regarding the impact of this tool to support joint working is mixed, and there is limited evidence regarding the suitability of ICPs for complex, community-based services. The present study was set in one primary care trust (PCT) in Scotland that is currently implementing an ICP for community mental health teams (CMHTs) across the region. The aim of the study was to investigate professionals' experiences and views on the implementation of an ICP within adult CMHTs in order to generate learning points for other organisations which are considering developing and implementing such systems. The study used qualitative methods which comprised of individual interviews with three CMHT leaders and two service development managers, as well as group interviews with members of four adult CMHTs. Data was analysed using the constant comparison method. Participants reported positive views regarding joint working and the role of an ICP in theory. However, in practice, teams were not implementing the ICP. Lack of integration at higher organisational levels was found to create conflicts within the teams which became explicit in response to the ICP. Implementation was also hindered by lack of resources for ongoing support, team development and change management. In conclusion, the study suggests that operational systems such as ICPs do not address and cannot overcome wider organisational barriers to integration of mental health services. Integrated care pathways need to be developed with strategic input as well as practitioner involvement and ownership. Team development, education about integration and change management are essential if ICPs are to foster and support joint working in integrated teams. PMID:15717899

Rees, Gwyneth; Huby, Guro; McDade, Lian; McKechnie, L

2004-11-01

154

The Link between Self-Managed Work Teams and Learning Organisations Using Performance Indicators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Both the learning organization literature and the self-managed work team literature have alluded to the potential links between teamwork and learning. However, as yet the link between these two concepts remains undeveloped. This study uses a survey of a random sample of 200 Australian organizations to empirically examine the relationships between…

Power, Joe; Waddell, Di

2004-01-01

155

2 from Argonne on team that worked on software for computing grids  

E-print Network

," "planetary computing" and "utility computing." Foster said smaller companies are checking out grid computing2 from Argonne on team that worked on software for computing grids October 6, 2003 Turn on a water's called the grid. "Grid computing allows people to share computer resources -- processing, storage, data

Valero-Cuevas, Francisco

156

BREAST CANCER PROGRAM A team of breast cancer experts from multiple specialties work together under  

E-print Network

BREAST CANCER PROGRAM A team of breast cancer experts from multiple specialties work together under advanced and inflammatory breast cancer, breast cancer in the elderly and patients at high risk for breast cancer · A Weekly Breast Tumor Board where patient care is discussed and coordinated Provide surgical

Arizona, University of

157

Prerequisites for sustainable care improvement using the reflective team as a work model  

PubMed Central

Several work models for care improvement have been developed in order to meet the requirement for evidence-based care. This study examines a work model for reflection, entitled the reflective team (RT). The main idea behind RTs is that caring skills exist among those who work closest to the patients. The team leader (RTL) encourages sustainable care improvement, rooted in research and proven experience, by using a lifeworld perspective to stimulate further reflection and a developmental process leading to research-based caring actions within the team. In order to maintain focus, it is important that the RTL has a clear idea of what sustainable care improvement means, and what the prerequisites are for such improvement. The aim of the present study is, therefore, to explore the prerequisites for improving sustainable care, seeking to answer how RTLs perceive these and use RTs for concrete planning. Nine RTLs were interviewed, and their statements were phenomenographically analysed. The analysis revealed three separate qualitative categories, which describe personal, interpersonal, and structural aspects of the prerequisites. In the discussion, these categories are compared with previous research on reflection, and the conclusion is reached that the optimal conditions for RTs to work, when focussed on sustainable care improvement, occur when the various aspects of the prerequisites are intertwined and become a natural part of the reflective work. PMID:25361530

Jonasson, Lise-Lotte; Carlsson, Gunilla; Nyström, Maria

2014-01-01

158

Creativity and Creative Teams  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A review of the linkage between knowledge, creativity, and design is presented and related to the best practices of multidisciplinary design teams. The discussion related to design and design teams is presented in the context of both the complete aerodynamic design community and specifically the work environment at the NASA Langley Research Center. To explore ways to introduce knowledge and creativity into the research and design environment at NASA Langley Research Center a creative design activity was executed within the context of a national product development activity. The success of the creative design team activity gave rise to a need to communicate the experience in a straightforward and managed approach. As a result the concept of creative potential its formulated and assessed with a survey of a small portion of the aeronautics research staff at NASA Langley Research Center. The final section of the paper provides recommendations for future creative organizations and work environments.

Wood, Richard M.; Bauer, Steven X. S.; Hunter, Craig A.

2001-01-01

159

Novel technique for tracking manpower and work packages: a useful tool for the team and management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In these times of austerity it is becoming more and more important to justify the need for manpower to management. Additionally, with the fast pace of today's projects the need for tools that facilitate teams to not only plan, but also track their work, are essential. The practice of planning work packages and the associated manpower has been about for a while but little is done to really cross-check that planning against reality. In this paper these elements are brought together through a number of tools that make up the end to end process of planning, tracking and reporting of work package progress and manpower usage.

Gill, R.; Gracia, G.; Lupton, R. H.; O'Mullane, W.

2014-08-01

160

Participatory Concepts of Multidisciplinary/Professional Working on an Early Childhood Studies Degree Course in the UK  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to explore democratic values in higher education pedagogies, as related to an Early Childhood Studies (ECS) degree course in an English university. It seeks to find out what constitutes a multi-disciplinary course from both student and tutor perspectives. It is contextualised by the concepts of participation embedded in the idea of…

Bath, Caroline

2011-01-01

161

Making contracting work better and cost less: Report of the Contract Reform Team  

SciTech Connect

In June 1993, Secretary of Energy Hazel O`Leary formed a Contract Reform Team, chaired by Deputy Secretary Bill White, to evaluate the contracting practices of the Department of Energy and to formulate specific proposals for improving those practices. This report summarizes the results of the work of the Contract Reform Team. It recommends actions for implementation that will significantly improve the Department`s contracting practices and will enable the Department to help create a government that -- in the words of Vice President Gore -- {open_quotes}works better and costs less.{close_quotes} These actions and the deadlines for their implementation are listed. Among other things, they recommend replacing the Department`s standard Management and Operating Contract with a new Performance-Based Management Contract and strengthening the Department`s systems for selecting and managing contractors.

Not Available

1994-02-01

162

Teamwork: a multidisciplinary pediatric-liaison service.  

PubMed

Psychiatrists, psychologists and social workers are often consulted about the same hospitalized patient. Since each may differ in their training, orientation and experience, the opinions expressed by them to the consultee may differ. The authors have described a multidisciplinary liaison team operating within a pediatric teaching hospital. The consultants work as a team in close collaboration with each other and with the psychiatric nurse clinician and an occupational therapist. The team approach has specific advantages. It allows for a concise and unified approach to the emotional and social needs of the patients. It presents a forum for informal consultations and interdisciplinary meetings. In addition, teaching opportunities are many as each discipline learns from the other. PMID:1052083

Froese, A P; Kamin, L E; Levine, C A

163

Mixthingsup. Multidisciplinary  

E-print Network

.eventbrite.com or email: multidisciplinary@southampton.ac.uk Follow us on Twitter @multisoton & #MDRWeek www, HighfieldCampus Time:10.00­17.00 Monday 18 March 2013 Integrated solutions for multiple global problems: water cooperation Water quality: addressing global problems at source Speakers:DrJimWright, Dr

Anderson, Jim

164

Moonlighting Scrum: An Agile Method for Distributed Teams with Part-Time Developers Working during Non-Overlapping Hours  

Microsoft Academic Search

pScrum and several agile development processes are becoming increasingly popular since they offer the ability to manage volatile requirements. This applies to many types of projects and teams. In case of development teams with moonlight developers working for at most ten non-overlapping hours per week, not all Scrum practices can be applied. In this paper, we introduce Moonlighting Scrum, an

Davide Taibi; Philipp Diebold; Constanza Lampasona

2013-01-01

165

Training Multidisciplinary Biomedical Informatics Students: Three Years of Experience  

PubMed Central

Objective The European INFOBIOMED Network of Excellence 1 recognized that a successful education program in biomedical informatics should include not only traditional teaching activities in the basic sciences but also the development of skills for working in multidisciplinary teams. Design A carefully developed 3-year training program for biomedical informatics students addressed these educational aspects through the following four activities: (1) an internet course database containing an overview of all Medical Informatics and BioInformatics courses, (2) a BioMedical Informatics Summer School, (3) a mobility program based on a ‘brokerage service’ which published demands and offers, including funding for research exchange projects, and (4) training challenges aimed at the development of multi-disciplinary skills. Measurements This paper focuses on experiences gained in the development of novel educational activities addressing work in multidisciplinary teams. The training challenges described here were evaluated by asking participants to fill out forms with Likert scale based questions. For the mobility program a needs assessment was carried out. Results The mobility program supported 20 exchanges which fostered new BMI research, resulted in a number of peer-reviewed publications and demonstrated the feasibility of this multidisciplinary BMI approach within the European Union. Students unanimously indicated that the training challenge experience had contributed to their understanding and appreciation of multidisciplinary teamwork. Conclusion The training activities undertaken in INFOBIOMED have contributed to a multi-disciplinary BMI approach. It is our hope that this work might provide an impetus for training efforts in Europe, and yield a new generation of biomedical informaticians. PMID:18096914

van Mulligen, Erik M.; Cases, Montserrat; Hettne, Kristina; Molero, Eva; Weeber, Marc; Robertson, Kevin A.; Oliva, Baldomero; de la Calle, Guillermo; Maojo, Victor

2008-01-01

166

Designing Multidisciplinary Integrated Curriculum Units  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The term "integrated curriculum" has many different, sometimes conflicting, meanings to educators. In this manual, integrated curriculum refers to the materials and pedagogical strategies used by "multidisciplinary" teams of teachers to organize their instruction so that students are encouraged to make meaningful connections across subject areas.…

Clayton, Marla; Hagan, Jill; Ho, Pier Sun; Hudis, Paula M.

2010-01-01

167

[Mobile team of palliative care in a department of neurology: value of two multidisciplinary and professional groups fruit of a joint distribution of the palliative approach and ethical support].  

PubMed

This article describes how a mobile team of palliative care and a department of neurology learned to cope with many complex end-of-life situations. After a brief introduction to inter-team cooperation, clinical work of the mobile team with patients and families and its cooperation with the neurology team are presented. The specificity of supportive care in neurology is also analyzed. Two interdisciplinary and multi-professional tools - the Palliative Care Resource Group and the Ethics Consultation Group - are described, with their activities and their goals. The Palliative Care Resource Group is a specific entity whose identity lies at the crossroads between commonly recognized organizational units: clinic staff, clinical practice, ethical or organizational analysis groups (Balint, 1960), discussion groups (Rusznievski, 1999), training groups. It has several objectives: 1) create a robust conceptual environment enabling the pursuit of palliative care practices without relying on the empty paradigm of stereotypical actions; if suffering cannot be avoided, psychic development and transformation can be promoted; 2) attempt to prevent caregiver burnout; 3) help support and strengthen the collective dimension of the team, learning a mode of care which goes beyond the execution of coded actions; 4) enhance the primary dimension of care, i.e. taking care, especially in clinical situations where conventional wisdom declares that "nothing more can be done."; 5) promote group work so new ideas arising from the different teams influence the behavior of all caregivers. The Ethics Consultation Group organizes its work in several steps. The first step is discernment, clearly identifying the question at hand with the clinical staff. This is followed by a consultation between the clinical team, the patient, the family and the referring physician to arrive at a motivated decision, respecting the competent patient's opinion. The final step is an evaluation of the decision and its consequences. The Ethical Consultation Group, which meets at a scheduled time at a set place, unites the different members of the neurology and palliative care teams who come to a common decision. These specific moments have an important impact on team cohesion, creating a common culture and a convergence of individual representations about making difficult decisions. Specific clinical cases are described to illustrate some of the difficulties encountered in palliative care decision-making. These cases provide insight about the decision to create a palliative care gastrostomy for a man with progressive supranuclear palsy, the suffering experienced by a medical team caring for a young woman with Creutzfeldt-Jacob encephalopathy, or a woman's experience with the post-stroke life-and-death seesaw. Theoretical divisions, illustrated with clinical stories, can be useful touchstones for neurology teams. PMID:23453274

Baudoin, D; Krebs, S

2013-04-01

168

Issues in the multi-disciplinary assessment of healthcare information systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considers the problems of a multi-disciplinary team working together to understand and evaluate a healthcare information system, which itself is situated in a complex organisational and political environment. Provides general discussion of problems faced by evaluators of such systems. Describes this specific evaluation project (Electronic Patient Records in the UK National Health Service), gives an account of the evaluation process

Heather Heathfield; Peter Hudson; Stephen Kay; Lesley Mackay; Tom Marley; Lorraine Nicholson; Victor Peel; Ruth Roberts; John Williams

1999-01-01

169

Simulation of a Forensic Chemistry Problem: A Multidisciplinary Project for Secondary School Chemistry Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a project that uses a multidisciplinary approach to problem solving in analyzing a crime scene and suspect evidence. Requires each student to work effectively in a team, communicate in both written and oral forms, perform hands-on laboratory manipulations, and realize that the entire class was depending on their individual contributions…

Long, G. A.

1995-01-01

170

The influence of interpersonal flexibility on work team conflict over time  

E-print Network

flexibility predict team outcome? (5) What is the trajectory of team conflict and outcomes over time based on member interpersonal flexibility? In addressing the questions, a series of Pearson correlations, one-way ANOVA, and GLM repeated measure analyses...

Baugh, Frank Godard

2004-11-15

171

“ENDEA”: a case study of multidisciplinary practice in the development of assisted technologies for older adults in Ireland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to discuss the authors' experiences of multidisciplinary practice in relation to developing home-based assisted living technologies. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper draws on almost three years' experience of working within an ongoing, large, multi-sited and multidisciplinary Irish national research programme: the Technology for Independent Living Centre. This involved industry and academic partners. Teams of clinicians, physical

Cathy Bailey; Julie Doyle; Susan Squires; Cliodhna ni Scanaill; Chie Wei Fan; Cormac Sheehan; Clodagh Cunningham; Ben Dromey

2011-01-01

172

18. Gender at Work: Eavesdropping on Communication Patterns in Two Token Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a national research project we assessed gender-related communicative patterns in 20 teams from diverse organizations. The sub-sample for this study consisted of two teams with one gender token each: a female token in an industrial team of eleven persons and a male token in a kindergarten team of eight persons. We focused on dominance and support-related behaviour in verbal

Sabine C. KOCH; Stephanie M. MÜLLER; Antje SCHROEER; Caja THIMM; Lenelis KRUSE; Joerg ZUMBACH

173

Empowered Teams: Creating Self-Directed Work Groups That Improve Quality, Productivity, and Participation. First Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains information targeted at executives, line managers, and human resource executives responsible for bringing the team vision to their organizations. A prologue defines teams and shows how they are developed. Part I (chapters 1-4) has the following purposes: introduces the team empowerment continuum, shows how a reshuffling of…

Wellins, Richard S.; And Others

174

"When Is a Teacher Not a Teacher?": Knowledge Creation and the Professional Identity of Teachers within Multi-Agency Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education is centre stage in current UK government initiatives to promote multi-agency team work. This paper draws on a research project which explored the way in which multi-disciplinary teams work and learn together in their practice with children, to consider the implications of "joined-up" practice for theorizing dilemmas of knowledge creation…

Robinson, Mark; Anning, Angela; Frost, Nick

2005-01-01

175

Revisiting empowerment: a study of improvement work in health care teams.  

PubMed

This article reports on a study of team empowerment in a large clinic at a Swedish hospital. The focus of the study was to understand how a high degree of empowerment enabled the teams to develop and sustain a high level of performance. More specifically, a model of empowerment was used to identify important factors that contribute to team empowerment in 3 teams at the clinic. In the analysis of the empirical data, 21 factors were identified and the degree of empowerment in the 3 teams was assessed. PMID:22453819

Müllern, Tomas; Nordin, Annika

2012-01-01

176

Team Building  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Employee involvement, teams, and employee empowerment enable people to make decisions about their work. This employee involvement, teambuilding approach, and employee empowerment increases loyalty and fosters ownership. These links tell you how to do team building and effectively involve people.

About.com (About.com)

2011-08-18

177

Communication, and Team-Working Skills in Second-Year Undergraduate Chemistry Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 2002, a multidisciplinary program has been used to encourage science students to build on their chemical knowledge and to appreciate how it applies to the world around them. The program is interactive and instills a new set of core learning skills that are often underrepresented in undergraduate curricula, namely, cooperative learning,…

Mc Goldrick, Niamh B.; Marzec, Bartosz; Scully, P. Noelle; Draper, Sylvia M.

2013-01-01

178

Drawing inspiration from different sources, teams work to build an environmentally sound car  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

100 Years after the Ford Model T, what does the future hold for our cars?http://www.dailymail.co.uk/pages/live/articles/technology/technology.html?in_article_id=506493&in_page_id=1965Automotive X Prizehttp://auto.xprize.org/Howstuffworks: "How Electric Cars Work" [Macromedia Flash Player]http://auto.howstuffworks.com/electric-car.htmAptera [Macromedia Flash Player]http://www.aptera.com/Classic Car Commercialshttp://www.tvparty.com/vaultcomm.htmlWalkable Communities [pdf]http://www.walkable.org/Americans love their automobiles, and the quickly expanding ranks of the middle-class in India and China feel the same way about this particular form of transportation. Unfortunately, the majority of cars produced around the world are still powered by variations on the internal combustion engine, which has had some rather deleterious effects on the environment. In recent months, journalists and engineers have been paying more attention to groups of innovators around the country who are competing to build a 100-mile-per-gallon car. Some of these groups hope to enter their car in the running for the Automotive X Prize, which will award $10 million to the team that both builds this car and then wins a race against other green vehicles. All of the successful entries must produce less than 200 grams of greenhouse gases per mile, get at least 100 miles per gallon, and also be economically viable, which might be the hardest part of this challenge. "If we do this right, we're going to draw a line in the sand and say all the cars we drove before this date are relegated to the history museums", notes Peter Diamandis, Founder and Chairman of the X Prize Foundation. Interest from large traditional auto manufacturers in the contest has been minimal, but teams from downstate Illinois to central California continue to look forward to 2009, when the remainder of the qualifying races will be held. The first link offered here will take users to a nice piece from the December 2007 edition of Wired Magazine. Along with learning about the Automotive X Prize, they can find out more about the teams working on this project. The second link leads to an article from this Sunday's Daily Mail by Michael Hanlon that delves into the past, present, and future of automotive technology. Moving on, the third link will whisk visitors away to the homepage of the Automotive X Prize. Here, visitors can learn about the competition, read their weblog, and read a bit more about their other activities. The fourth link will take users to a video-enhanced site that will teach interested parties how electric cars work. The fifth link leads to the homepage of Aptera, which is one of the companies working on making a fuel-efficient vehicle. For those who might be longing for a bit of old-school automotive history, the sixth link provides a selection of commercials for such legendary vehicles as the 1957 Plymouth Sport Suburban and the 1965 VW Bug. And finally, for those who are interested in creating and living in pedestrian friendly places, the last link provides access to resources for doing just that.

2008-01-01

179

Using multi-disciplinary strategic master facilities planning for organizations experiencing programmatic re-direction  

SciTech Connect

Facility master planning is critical to the future productivity of a laboratory and the quality of worklife for the laboratory staff. For organizations undergoing programmatic re-direction, a master facility planning approach linked to the organization`s strategic planning process is even more important. Major changes in an organization such as programmatic re-direction can significantly impact a broad range of variables which exceed the expertise of traditional planning teams, e.g., capacity variability, work team organization, organizational culture, and work process simplification. By expanding the diversity of the participants of the planning team, there is a greater likelihood that a research organization`s scientific, organizational, economic, and employees` needs can be meshed in the strategic plan and facility plan. Recent recommendations from facility planners suggest drawing from diverse fields in building multi-disciplinary planning teams: Architecture, engineering, natural science, social psychology, and strategic planning (Gibson,1993). For organizations undergoing significant operational or culture change, the master facility planning team should also include members with expertise in organizational effectiveness, industrial engineering, human resources, and environmental psychology. A recent planning and design project provides an example which illustrates the use of an expanded multi-disciplinary team engaged in planning laboratory renovations for a research organization undergoing programmatic re-direction. The purpose of the proposed poster session is to present a multi-disciplinary master facility planning process linked to an organization`s strategic planning process or organizational strategies.

Heubach, J.G.; Weimer, W.C.; Bruce, W.A.

1993-12-01

180

Affective responses to work process and outcomes in virtual teams : Effects of communication media and time pressure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To analyze the direct and combined effects of the communication media and time pressure in group work on the affective responses of team members while performing intellective tasks Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A laboratory experiment was carried out with 124 subjects working in 31 groups. The task performed by the groups was an intellective one. A 2 × 3 factorial

Amparo Caballer; Francisco Gracia; José-María Peiró

2005-01-01

181

Multidisciplinary investigation of stranded harbor porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) in  

E-print Network

, Bldg. 1 Seattle, WA 98115 Office of Science and Technology NMFS, NOAA 1315 East-West Highway, F a multidisciplinary team to conduct extensive classical forensic necropsy examinations on the 11 specimens, followed for five of the 11 porpoises examined by the multidisciplinary team. Of these five animals, two were found

182

Culturally Diverse Teams that Work Kenji Klein, PhD Candidate, University of California, Irvine  

E-print Network

this integration and avoiding personal conflict based on differences is the quality of communication within of cooperation and poor communication that undermine team performance. Yet, diverse teams can also be a great in enough detail to produce innovative answers or to avoid missing critical problems. Where such factors

Loudon, Catherine

183

Multi-volume reference work with authoritative, multi-disciplinary, and comprehensive coverage of the soil sciences.  

E-print Network

of the soil sciences. Encyclopedia of Soils in the Environment on ScienceDirect: Authoritative, Extensive/7 access. Benefits of Online Access 2004 Elsevier Reference Works on ScienceDirect Encyclopedia of Soils, Integrated R www.sciencedirect.com Reference Works on ScienceDirect: Authoritative, Extensive, Integrated

Sparks, Donald L.

184

A Multidisciplinary Approach to Understanding Developmental Dyslexia Within Working-Memory Architecture: Genotypes, Phenotypes, Brain, and Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

A unifying theoretical framework of three working memory components provides a systems perspective for discussing past and new findings in a 12-year research program that point to heterogeneity in the genetic and brain basis and behavioral expression of dyslexia: (a) codes for word-form storage and processing, (b) time-sensitive phonological and orthographic loops for maintaining information in working memory or outputting

Virginia W. Berninger; Wendy Raskind; Todd Richards; Robert Abbott; Pat Stock

2008-01-01

185

Reducing hospital-acquired infections through knowledge-sharing in work teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to analyze the use of a team-based organizational structure for the purpose of improving the quality of the services provided by the health care system. More specifically, the research aims to investigate the efficiency of a cross-functional team-based structure in regard to improving knowledge-sharing and hereby reducing hospital-acquired infections (i.e. health-care associated

Jeanette Lemmergaard

2009-01-01

186

Every School, Every Team, Every Classroom: District Leadership for Growing Professional Learning Communities at Work[TM  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What would a learning community look like "if we really meant it" when we committed to ensuring the learning of each student? What would we consider good enough for our own children? In "Every School, Every Team, Every Classroom," the authors suggest that these two questions drive PLC leaders to embed PLC at Work[TM] practices in their entire…

Eaker, Robert; Keating, Janel

2011-01-01

187

Self-Directed Work Teams in a Post-Apartheid Gold Mine: Perspectives from the Rock Face.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A participant-observation study in a South African mining company that used self directed work team training identified organizational constraints that hindered training effectiveness: lack of materials, machinery breakdown, decentralized budget, and imposed standards. Miners more often used improvisation and initiative to solve daily problems,…

Phatkathi, Timothy Sizwe

2002-01-01

188

Unpacking Race, Culture, and Class in Rural Alaska: Native and Non-Native Multidisciplinary Professionals' Perceptions of Child Sexual Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to unpack notions of class, culture, and race as they relate to multidisciplinary team (MDT) professionals and their perceptions of prevalence in child sexual abuse cases in Native and non-Native rural Alaska communities. Power and privilege within professional settings is significant for all social work professionals…

Bubar, Roe; Bundy-Fazioli, Kimberly

2011-01-01

189

A Multidisciplinary Approach to Educating Preschool Children with Optic Nerve Hypoplasia and Septo-Optic Nerve Dysplasia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the observations and experiences of a multidisciplinary team at the Blind Childrens Center in Los Angeles, which works specifically with children from birth to 5 years of age who have been diagnosed with optic nerve hypoplasia and may have septo-optic displasia. Strategies for educational interventions are explained.…

Bahar, Cheryl; Brody, Jill; McCann, Mary Ellen; Mendiola, Rosalinda; Slott, Gayle

2003-01-01

190

Effects of intensified work-related multidisciplinary rehabilitation on occupational participation: a randomized-controlled trial in patients with chronic musculoskeletal disorders.  

PubMed

This study examined the effects of work-related multidisciplinary rehabilitation (MR) on occupational participation in patients with chronic musculoskeletal disorders. A randomized-controlled trial was carried out. The sample included patients with chronic musculoskeletal disorders and severe restrictions of work ability (n=222). Participants in the intervention group received a work-related rehabilitation programme following a comprehensive functional capacity evaluation (FCE MR). Controls completed a conventional MR. The analysis was based on 1-year follow-up data. The primary outcome was stable occupational participation (SOP), defined as employment with at most 6 months of sick leave after rehabilitation. The secondary outcomes were the duration of sick leave, employment status and the Pain Disability Index. We included 102 patients in our analysis (intervention: n=55, control: n=47). Despite randomization there were group differences. Adjusting these differences, patients of the FCE MR had 3.5 times higher odds of SOP [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.2-9.8, P=0.018]. However, there was neither a significant difference in the duration of sick leave between both groups (b=-8.0 weeks, 95% CI: -17.4 to 1.4, P=0.095) nor higher odds of employment in favour of the FCE MR after 1 year (odds ratio=2.3, 95% CI: 0.9-5.8, P=0.088). Participants in the FCE MR reported less pain-related disabilities (b=-6.5, 95% CI: -12.6 to -0.4, P=0.038). The study had a limitation in terms of group balance. However, the findings indicate that the work-related FCE MR was more effective for SOP, but did not significantly affect employment rate and sick leave duration. PMID:24056065

Streibelt, Marco; Bethge, Matthias

2014-03-01

191

Evaluating Team Project-Work Using Triangulation: Lessons from Communities in Northern Ghana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper uses triangulation to assess key aspects of a team-based, participatory action research programme for undergraduates in rural communities across northern Ghana. The perceptions of the programme and its effects on the students, staff and host communities are compared, showing areas of agreement and disagreement. The successes of the…

Clark, Gordon; Jasaw, Godfred Seidu

2014-01-01

192

The relationship of the emotional climate of work and threat to patient outcome in a high-volume thoracic surgery operating room team  

Microsoft Academic Search

ContextIt is widely believed that the emotional climate of surgical team's work may affect patient outcome.ObjectiveTo analyse the relationship between the emotional climate of work and indices of threat to patient outcome.DesignInterventional study.SettingOperating rooms in a high-volume thoracic surgery centre from September 2007 to June 2008.ParticipantsThoracic surgery operating room teams.InterventionTwo 90 min team-skills training sessions focused on findings from a

Michael Nurok; Linda A Evans; Stuart Lipsitz; Paul Satwicz; Andrea Kelly; Allan Frankel

2011-01-01

193

American Bar Association Supplementary Guidelines for the Mitigation Function of Defense Teams in Death Penalty Cases: implications for social work.  

PubMed

When a client faces a penalty of death, defense attorneys may call on social workers in many capacities: mitigation specialist, expert witness, consulting specialist, direct witness, or defense-initiated victim outreach worker. The American Bar Association set forth standards for capital defense attorneys, which led an interdisciplinary team to produce the "Supplementary Guidelines for the Mitigation Function of Defense Teams in Death Penalty Cases" to promote the exceptional competence and diligence required when the consequence is life or death. This article summarizes the "Supplementary Guidelines," with implications for social work practice--that is, professional responsibility, competence, interviewing skill, knowledge of behavioral and mental impairment, records review, life history compilation, data interpretation, witness support, law-related knowledge, and testimony. The social work, which is scrutinized in a court of law, requires cultural competence, diverse oral and written communication skills, diligence, and the highest ethical standards. PMID:23038877

Andrews, Arlene Bowers

2012-04-01

194

Improving Working Relationships between Certified Nursing Assistants and Professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The isolation of home health care practice can create barriers to communication among the home care team members. This project was an attempt to improve collaboration among professionals and paraprofessionals through a series of sessions, including self-assessment, didactic presentations by a multidisciplinary team, and interactive exercises. The results included self-report of increased positive feelings about work, increased appreciation of coworkers'

Elaine D. Sullivan

1998-01-01

195

Simulation training: a multidisciplinary approach.  

PubMed

Emergency situations arise in health care every day. High-risk environments such as Neonatal Intensive Care Units and labor and delivery units are more susceptible to such emergencies. Occasionally, newborns require assistance with their breathing in the delivery room, while others demand intensive resuscitation including intubation and chest compressions. Delivering resuscitative efforts can be difficult when the team trains in separate venues. This article will discuss the importance of multidisciplinary high-fidelity simulation training as an effective tool in the development and maintenance of resuscitation expertise across disciplines, the history of simulation, simulation legislation, and the evidence behind simulation and explore the art and utilization of medical simulation in a multidisciplinary setting. PMID:21730896

Cates, Leigh Ann

2011-04-01

196

Title: Postdoctoral Position at Stanford: Concussion Prevention in American Football Description: Job opportunity to work as part of a collaborative team involving Stanford Athletics, Sports  

E-print Network

: Job opportunity to work as part of a collaborative team involving Stanford Athletics, Sports Medicine and simulations of impact biomechanics. Ideal candidates should be able to work effectively across departments: Biomechanics system modeling and simulation Electromechanical system design with sensors

Berdichevsky, Victor

197

Plutonium working group report on environmental, safety and health vulnerabilities associated with the Department`s plutonium storage. Volume II, part 7: Mound working group assessment team report  

SciTech Connect

This is the report of a visit to the Mound site by the Working Group Assessment Team (WGAT) to assess plutonium vulnerabilities. Purposes of the visit were: to review results of the site`s self assessment of current practices for handling and storing plutonium; to conduct an independent assessment of these practices; to reconcile differences and assemble a final list of vulnerabilities; to calculate consequences and probability for each vulnerability; and to issue a report to the Working Group. This report, representing completion of the Mound visit, will be compiled along with those from all other sites with plutonium inventories as part of a final report to the Secretary of Energy.

NONE

1994-09-01

198

Multidisciplinary Design and Analysis for Commercial Aircraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Multidisciplinary design and analysis (MDA) has become the normal mode of operation within most aerospace companies, but the impact of these changes have largely not been reflected at many universities. On an effort to determine if the emergence of multidisciplinary design concepts should influence engineering curricula, NASA has asked several universities (Virginia Tech, Georgia Tech, Clemson, BYU, and Cal Poly) to investigate the practicality of introducing MDA concepts within their undergraduate curricula. A multidisciplinary team of faculty, students, and industry partners evaluated the aeronautical engineering curriculum at Cal Poly. A variety of ways were found to introduce MDA themes into the curriculum without adding courses or units to the existing program. Both analytic and educational tools for multidisciplinary design of aircraft have been developed and implemented.

Cummings, Russell M.; Freeman, H. JoAnne

1999-01-01

199

Virtual Teams.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virtual work teams scattered around the globe are becoming a feature of corporate workplaces. Although most people prefer face-to-face meetings and interactions, reality often requires telecommuting. (JOW)

Geber, Beverly

1995-01-01

200

A distributed system for visualizing and analyzing multivariate and multidisciplinary data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

THe Linked Windows Interactive Data System (LinkWinds) is being developed with NASA support. The objective of this proposal is to adapt and apply that system in a complex network environment containing elements to be found by scientists working multidisciplinary teams on very large scale and distributed data sets. The proposed three year program will develop specific visualization and analysis tools, to be exercised locally and remotely in the LinkWinds environment, to demonstrate visual data analysis, interdisciplinary data analysis and cooperative and interactive televisualization and analysis of data by geographically separated science teams. These demonstrators will involve at least two science disciplines with the aim of producing publishable results.

Jacobson, Allan S.; Allen, Mark; Bailey, Michael; Blom, Ronald; Blume, Leo; Elson, Lee

1993-01-01

201

A distributed system for visualizing and analyzing multivariate and multidisciplinary data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Linked Windows Interactive Data System (Link Winds) is being developed with NASA support. The objective of this proposal is to adapt and apply that system in a complex network environment containing elements to be found by scientists working multidisciplinary teams on very large scale and distributed data sets. The proposed three year program will develop specific visualization and analysis tools, to be exercised locally and remotely in the Link Winds environment, to demonstrate visual data analysis, interdisciplinary data analysis and cooperative and interactive televisualization and analysis of data by geographically separated science teams. These demonstrations will involve at least two science disciplines with the aim of producing publishable results.

Jacobson, Allan S.; Allen, Mark; Bailey, Michael; Blom, Ronald; Blume, Leo; Elson, Lee

1992-01-01

202

The importance of team work of cytologist and surgeon in preoperative diagnosis of intraoral minor salivary gland tumours.  

PubMed

Tumours arising from oral minor salivary glands may exhibit an overlap of clinical and morphological features that may produce diagnostic and therapeutic dilemmas. The aim of this study is to asses the value of fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in differentiation of benign and malignant tumours and to render a specific diagnosis. We evaluated the team work of surgeon and cytologist to improve diagnostic accuracy. Two steps are important for accuracy: sampling aspirate that should be done together by surgeon and cytologist and cytological microscopic analysis of the smears that should be performed by an experienced cytologist. The study included 132 patients with intraoral minor salivary gland tumours between 2002 and 2011. Adequate material was obtained from 121 (91.7%) patients. FNAC was usually performed by cytologist in a team with maxillofacial surgeon at cytology department that is more convenient for preparing the samples and especially for ROSE procedure (rapid-on site evaluation) of smears. In such a way the cytologist checked the adequacy of samples and decided whether some ancillary techniques should be used and therefore repeat FNAC. A total of 82 patients underwent surgery, 40 with malignant and 42 with benign tumours. Preoperative cytological diagnoses were compared with histopathological ones using histopathology as a gold standard. The most common benign tumour was pleomorphic adenoma and among malignant tumours adenoid cystic carcinoma. The most commonly affected site was the palate. The team work of surgeon and cytologist achieved specificity of 95.1%, sensitivity of 97.6% and diagnostic accuracy of 96.3%. We can conclude that although subclassification of some tumour types of salivary glands remains poor, FNAC is invaluable in patient triage and therefore should be considered in the first line investigations of these lesions by the cytologist and surgeon. PMID:23397776

Ostovi?, Karmen Trutin; Luksi?, Ivica; Virag, Miso; Macan, Darko; Müllers, Danko; Manojlovi?, Spomenka

2012-11-01

203

"Bioengineering trains you to speak the many different technical languages needed to work in multidisciplinary teams that tackle the medical challenges of a rapidly  

E-print Network

(PhD '88) is a leader in the pharmaceutical industry with over 20 years in executive management surgeon. He co-developed a device for patients suffering from balance disorders due to Meniere's disease

Anderson, Richard

204

Multidisciplinary Optimization Branch Experience Using iSIGHT Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Multidisciplinary Optimization (MDO) Branch at NASA Langley is investigating frameworks for supporting multidisciplinary analysis and optimization research. A framework provides software and system services to integrate computational tasks and allows the researcher to concentrate more on the application and less on the programming details. A framework also provides a common working environment and a full range of optimization tools, and so increases the productivity of multidisciplinary research teams. Finally, a framework enables staff members to develop applications for use by disciplinary experts in other organizations. This year, the MDO Branch has gained experience with the iSIGHT framework. This paper describes experiences with four aerospace applications, including: (1) reusable launch vehicle sizing, (2) aerospike nozzle design, (3) low-noise rotorcraft trajectories, and (4) acoustic liner design. Brief overviews of each problem are provided, including the number and type of disciplinary codes and computation time estimates. In addition, the optimization methods, objective functions, design variables, and constraints are described for each problem. For each case, discussions on the advantages and disadvantages of using the iSIGHT framework are provided as well as notes on the ease of use of various advanced features and suggestions for areas of improvement.

Padula, S. L.; Korte, J. J.; Dunn, H. J.; Salas, A. O.

1999-01-01

205

A Team Approach to Behaviour Management: A Training Guide for SENCOs Working with Teacher Assistants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This training guide has been developed and written primarily for Special Educational Needs Co-Ordinators (SENCOs) in primary, secondary and special schools who manage the work of teaching assistants. It will also be of interest to other senior teachers or advisory staff who lead training in the area of behaviour management. There has been a…

Derrington, Chris; Groom, Barry

2004-01-01

206

Toward an open shared workspace: computer and video fusion approach of TeamWorkStation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Groupware is intended to create a shared workspace that supports dynamic collaboration in a work group over space and time constraints. To gain the collective benefits of groupware use, the groupware must be accepted by a majority of workgroup members as a common tool. Groupware must overcome the hurdle of critical mass.

Hiroshi Ishii; Naomi Miyake

1991-01-01

207

Work in progress — An innovation merging “classroom flip” and team-based learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work in progress compares two versions of a “classroom flip” instructional strategy in which lectures are moved from inside class to outside class. Class time is then spent on problem solving and feedback. In previous offerings of this materials science course, students were asked to read instructor-supplied lecture notes and complete an on-line warmup assignment prior to class. Informal

Chrysanthe Demetry

2010-01-01

208

Comparison of Teachers' Understanding of Team Work According to Various Variables  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People form organizations by getting together in order to realize the goals that they might not manage to realize alone. Organizations differ from one another by various distinctive characteristics. However, their success is related to the level of goal fulfillment. People working more effectively and efficiently within the organization may create…

Gülcan, Murat Gürkan

2014-01-01

209

Team Project: Team Design Specification CSCE 121 Spring 2011 (507, 508) this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0  

E-print Network

. Think about the game you have selected, and consider how the game rules map to code. Take into account game), what options are available to the player? How are those options created in code? (For example under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License by Zachary O. Toups 1 Team Game

Toups, Zach

210

Team Science Toolkit  

Cancer.gov

My work in the science of team science (SciTS) field has focused on developing and supporting the SciTS field, conducting studies that aim to further elucidate the processes and outcomes of team science through multi-method approaches, and advancing methods, measures, models for evaluating team science broadly and transdisciplinary team science collaborations specifically. Additionally, I work to develop tools to facilitate and mechanisms to support the conduct of transdisciplinary team science.

211

Team work and collaboration: the position of district nursing 1948-1974.  

PubMed

Much has been written regarding the challenges facing district nursing in light of the constant change and development of the NHS. This paper follows the chronological development of district nursing up to the reorganization of the NHS in 1974. The paper commences with a brief outline of the origins of district nursing as a charitable activity before the inception of the NHS and moves on to consider the relationship between district nurses and general practitioners. A review of policy and legislation identifies that district nurses, in the early days of the NHS, were working for the GP, no longer an autonomous practitioner of a charitable organization. Other challenges experienced by district nurses included being employed by the Local Health Authority, a separate organization to the NHS. By exploring the clinical practice of district nurses, alongside the management and organization of district nursing it is possible to critically discuss the challenges facing district nurses in the current health care climate of teamwork and collaboration. PMID:11624734

Bliss, J; While, A

2000-01-01

212

Team Cognition in Experienced Command-and-Control Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Team cognition in experienced command-and-control teams is examined in an UAV (Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle) simulation. Five 3-person teams with experience working together in a command-and-control setting were compared to 10 inexperienced teams. Each team participated in five 40-min missions of a simulation in which interdependent team members…

Cooke, Nancy J.; Gorman, Jamie C.; Duran, Jasmine L.; Taylor, Amanda R.

2007-01-01

213

Improving the Effectiveness of Virtual Teams by Adapting Team Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract  Results are presented from a study on virtual teams and whether appropriate early training can positively influence their effectiveness. Sixteen teams that worked together for periods ranging from three months to three years were studied. Team processes that emerged naturally from long-duration teams were formalized and taught to shorter duration teams. These shorter duration teams comprised three different cohorts, each

Daniel J. Rice; Barry D. Davidson; John F. Dannenhoffer; Geri K. Gay

2007-01-01

214

School-to-Work Transition in the U.S.: The Case of the Missing Social Partners. A Report of the Governance and Finance Team of the Comparative Learning Teams Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A team of U.S. business, labor, and public policy representatives visited Denmark, Germany, and Switzerland to investigate the European approach to preparing young people for the work force. It gathered information on the performance of governance and finance systems abroad and identified their key underlying principles and operations. Six common…

Glover, Robert W.; And Others

215

Effect of a multidisciplinary stress treatment programme on the return to work rate for persons with work-related stress. A non-randomized controlled study from a stress clinic  

PubMed Central

Background In recent years an increasing number of patients have been referred to the medical sector with stress symptoms. Moreover, these conditions imply increased sickness absence. This indicates a need for treatment programmes in general medical practice. The aim of this study was to test the effect of a multidisciplinary stress treatment programme on the return to work (RTW) rate in persons with work-related stress and establish predictive factors for this outcome. Methods During a two-year period 63 out of 73 referrals to the Stress Clinic (a section of a Clinic of Occupational Medicine) completed a stress treatment programme consisted of the following: 1) Identification of relevant stressors. 2. Changing the coping strategies of the participants. 3. Evaluating/changes in participant workload and tasks. 4. Relaxation techniques. 5. Physical exercise. 6. Psychiatric evaluation when indicated by depression test score. On average each patient attended six one-hour sessions over the course of four months. A group of 34 employees referred to the Clinic of Occupational Medicine by their general practitioners served as a control group. Each participant had a one-hour consultation at baseline and after four months. A specialist in occupational medicine carried out all sessions. Return To Work (RTW), defined as having a job and not being on sick leave at the census, was used as outcome measure four months after baseline, and after one and two years. Results The level of sick leave in the stress treatment group dropped from 52% to 16% during the first four months of follow-up and remained stable. In the control group, the reduction in sick leave was significantly smaller, ranging from 48% at baseline to 27% after four months and 24% after one year. No statistically significant difference between the two groups was observed after one and two years. Age below 50 years and being a manager increased the odds ratio for RTW after one and two years, while gender and depression had no predictive value. Conclusions The stress treatment programme showed a significant effect on the return to work rate. The stress treatment programme seems feasible for general practitioners. Trial Registration ISRCTN04354658 PMID:21040559

2010-01-01

216

A Qualitative Investigation into How Problem-Based Learning Impacts on the Development of Team-Working Skills in Occupational Therapy Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It has been suggested that problem-based learning (PBL) has a positive impact on the team-working skills of medical, health and social care students. These skills are important for graduates to master to enable effective collaborative working in today's diverse health and social care settings. What is not clear from the literature is how…

Seymour, Alison

2013-01-01

217

Team-level predictors of innovation at work: a comprehensive meta-analysis spanning three decades of research.  

PubMed

This article presents a meta-analysis of team-level antecedents of creativity and innovation in the workplace. Using a general input-process-output model, the authors examined 15 team-level variables researched in primary studies published over the last 30 years and their relation to creativity and innovation. An exhaustive search of the international innovation literature resulted in a final sample (k) of 104 independent studies. Results revealed that team process variables of support for innovation, vision, task orientation, and external communication displayed the strongest relationships with creativity and innovation (rhos between 0.4 and 0.5). Input variables (i.e., team composition and structure) showed weaker effect sizes. Moderator analyses confirmed that relationships differ substantially depending on measurement method (self-ratings vs. independent ratings of innovation) and measurement level (individual vs. team innovation). Team variables displayed considerably stronger relationships with self-report measures of innovation compared with independent ratings and objective criteria. Team process variables were more strongly related to creativity and innovation measured at the team than the individual level. Implications for future research and pragmatic ramifications for organizational practice are discussed in conclusion. PMID:19702361

Hülsheger, Ute R; Anderson, Neil; Salgado, Jesus F

2009-09-01

218

Study protocol of effectiveness of a biopsychosocial multidisciplinary intervention in the evolution of non-speficic sub-acute low back pain in the working population: cluster randomised trial  

PubMed Central

Background Non-specific low back pain is a common cause for consultation with the general practitioner, generating increased health and social costs. This study will analyse the effectiveness of a multidisciplinary intervention to reduce disability, severity of pain, anxiety and depression, to improve quality of life and to reduce the incidence of chronic low back pain in the working population with non-specific low back pain, compared to usual clinical care. Methods/Design A Cluster randomised clinical trial will be conducted in 38 Primary Health Care Centres located in Barcelona, Spain and its surrounding areas. The centres are randomly allocated to the multidisciplinary intervention or to usual clinical care. Patients between 18 and 65 years old (n = 932; 466 per arm) and with a diagnostic of a non-specific sub-acute low back pain are included. Patients in the intervention group are receiving the recommendations of clinical practice guidelines, in addition to a biopsychosocial multidisciplinary intervention consisting of group educational sessions lasting a total of 10 hours. The main outcome is change in the score in the Roland Morris disability questionnaire at three months after onset of pain. Other outcomes are severity of pain, quality of life, duration of current non-specific low back pain episode, work sick leave and duration, Fear Avoidance Beliefs and Goldberg Questionnaires. Outcomes will be assessed at baseline, 3, 6 and 12 months. Analysis will be by intention to treat. The intervention effect will be assessed through the standard error of measurement and the effect-size. Responsiveness of each scale will be evaluated by standardised response mean and receiver-operating characteristic method. Recovery according to the patient will be used as an external criterion. A multilevel regression will be performed on repeated measures. The time until the current episode of low back pain takes to subside will be analysed by Cox regression. Discussion We hope to provide evidence of the effectiveness of the proposed biopsychosocial multidisciplinary intervention in avoiding the chronification of low back pain, and to reduce the duration of non-specific low back pain episodes. If the intervention is effective, it could be applied to Primary Health Care Centres. Trial Registration ISRCTN21392091 PMID:20067619

2010-01-01

219

Parents' Initial Perceptions of Multidisciplinary Care for Pediatric Chronic Pain  

PubMed Central

Chronic and recurrent pain is experienced by many children and adolescents. Treatment of chronic pain using a multidisciplinary approach has been found to be effective for treatment of chronic pain. Parent satisfaction with treatment and treatment providers highly correlates to children's treatment adherence. Parents of children treated at a multidisciplinary chronic pain clinic were interviewed following their initial appointment. Parents reported high satisfaction with treatment team members and with the treatment plan. Parents also reported appreciation of multidisciplinary structure, the high level of expertise of the team members, and the team members' genuine interest in treating their children. This increase in satisfaction when compared to previous treatment is important since increases in satisfaction may correlate with a reduction in experiences of chronic pain. Parents reported high satisfaction with interactions with treatment team members and with the treatment plan provided for their children. Parents had appreciation of multidisciplinary team structure and the high level of expertise of the team members. This increase in satisfaction when compared to treatment from previous providers is important since increases in satisfaction may correlate with an increase in children's treatment adherence and a reduction in experiences of chronic pain. PMID:22966428

Gorodzinsky, Ayala Y.; Tran, Susan T.; Medrano, Gustavo R.; Fleischman, Katie M.; Anderson-Khan, Kimberly J.; Ladwig, Renee J.; Weisman, Steven J.

2012-01-01

220

Team Science Toolkit  

Cancer.gov

Stephen M. Fiore, PhD, is President of the Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research and faculty with the University of Central Florida's Cognitive Sciences Program in the Department of Philosophy and Director of the Cognitive Sciences Laboratory at UCF's Institute for Simulation and Training. He maintains a multidisciplinary research interest that incorporates aspects of the cognitive, social, organizational, and computational sciences in the investigation of learning and performance in individuals and teams.

221

Team cognition in experienced command-and-control teams.  

PubMed

Team cognition in experienced command-and-control teams is examined in an UAV (Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle) simulation. Five 3-person teams with experience working together in a command-and-control setting were compared to 10 inexperienced teams. Each team participated in five 40-min missions of a simulation in which interdependent team members control a UAV to take reconnaissance photos. Experienced teams exceeded performance of inexperienced teams, suggesting transfer of previous command-and-control experience. Compared to inexperienced teams, experienced teams had fewer errors on process-related training knowledge, superior team process ratings, and communications containing fewer coordination-related utterances. These findings support the view that team cognition emerges through the interactions of team members, that interactions distinguish high-performing teams from average teams, and that these interactions transfer across different tasks. PMID:17924800

Cooke, Nancy J; Gorman, Jamie C; Duran, Jasmine L; Taylor, Amanda R

2007-09-01

222

Lung and heart-lung transplantation for systemic sclerosis patients. A monocentric experience of 13 patients, review of the literature and position paper of a multidisciplinary Working Group.  

PubMed

Systemic sclerosis per se should not be considered as an a priori contraindication for a pre-transplantation assessment in patients with advanced interstitial lung disease and/or pulmonary hypertension. For lung or heart-lung transplantation, a multidisciplinary approach, adapting the pre-transplant assessment to systemic sclerosis and optimizing systemic sclerosis patient management before, during and after surgery should improved the short- and long-term prognosis. Indications and contraindications for transplantation have to be adapted to the specificities of systemic sclerosis. A special focus on the digestive tract involvement and its thorough evaluation are mandatory before transplantation in systemic sclerosis. As the esophagus is almost always involved, isolated gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, pH metry and/or manometry abnormalities should not be a systematic per se contraindication for pre-transplantation assessment. Corticosteroids may be harmful in systemic sclerosis as they are associated with acute renal crisis. A low dose corticosteroids protocol for immunosuppression is therefore advisable in systemic sclerosis. PMID:25027464

Launay, David; Savale, Laurent; Berezne, Alice; Le Pavec, Jérôme; Hachulla, Eric; Mouthon, Luc; Sitbon, Olivier; Lambert, Benoit; Gaudric, Marianne; Jais, Xavier; Stephan, Francois; Hatron, Pierre-Yves; Lamblin, Nicolas; Vignaux, Olivier; Cottin, Vincent; Farge, Dominique; Wallaert, Benoît; Guillevin, Loic; Simonneau, Gerald; Mercier, Olaf; Fadel, Elie; Dartevelle, Philippe; Humbert, Marc; Mussot, Sacha

2014-10-01

223

Work in progress — Using the levenshtein distance to examine changes to teams' model-eliciting activity solutions throughout a semester  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the fall semester of 2008, students in a first-year engineering course at Purdue University completed three Model-Eliciting Activities (MEAs): Paper Airplane Challenge, Just-In-Time Manufacturing, and Travel Mode Selection. MEAs are realistic, open-ended, client-driven engineering problems designed to foster students' mathematical modeling abilities. The primary artifact produced by each team (N=295 teams, 1166 students) is a memo to the client

Jacob Bishop; Matthew Verleger

2011-01-01

224

BSc Physiotherapy `Do you want to work in a profession as part of the healthcare team that makes a difference to peoples  

E-print Network

BSc Physiotherapy `Do you want to work in a profession as part of the healthcare team that makes then physiotherapy is for you.' Dr Jill Ramsay, Programme Director, BSc Physiotherapy Challenge what you know and restoration of movement and function in a range of client groups. Studying BSc Physiotherapy at the University

Miall, Chris

225

On behalf of the Simon Business School leadership team, we thank you for the incredible work you perform each and every day.  

E-print Network

On behalf of the Simon Business School leadership team, we thank you for the incredible work you the Simon Business School. As a member of the Simon community, there are several opportunities you may be interested in supporting through the OneRochester Campaign. YELLOW RIBBON SCHOLARSHIP FUND The Simon School

Portman, Douglas

226

Computer-Based 3D Simulation: A Study of Communication Practices in a Trauma Team Performing Patient Examination and Diagnostic Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Diagnostic work in trauma teams is critical for the patient's condition and for the possibility of survival. It is a difficult situation to train due to the inherently unpredictable and time-critical practice when an injured patient presents in the Emergency Room (ER). Different types of simulations have been developed for specialized training of…

Krange, Ingeborg; Moen, Anne; Ludvigsen, Sten

2012-01-01

227

The University of Florida Water Institute seeks applicants for up to 6 Ph.D. Fellows to join an interdisciplinary team working on complex, emerging issues  

E-print Network

an interdisciplinary team working on complex, emerging issues related to impacts of sea level change on coastal to develop research in one facet of the program, such as understanding records of past sea level variations and building predictive capabilities for future sea level variations; impacts on coastal ecosystems, including

Mazzotti, Frank

228

Groups Meet . . . Teams Improve: Building Teams That Learn  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although most business students participate in team-based projects during undergraduate or graduate course work, the team experience does not always teach team skills or capture the team members' potential: Students complete the task at hand but the explicit process of becoming a team is often not learned. Drawing from organizational learning…

Hillier, Janet; Dunn-Jensen, Linda M.

2013-01-01

229

Asian Tracer Experiment and Atmospheric Modeling (TEAM) Project: Draft Field Work Plan for the Asian Long-Range Tracer Experiment  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an experimental plan for a proposed Asian long-range tracer study as part of the international Tracer Experiment and Atmospheric Modeling (TEAM) Project. The TEAM partners are China, Japan, South Korea and the United States. Optimal times of year to conduct the study, meteorological measurements needed, proposed tracer release locations, proposed tracer sampling locations and the proposed durations of tracer releases and subsequent sampling are given. Also given are the activities necessary to prepare for the study and the schedule for completing the preparation activities leading to conducting the actual field operations. This report is intended to provide the TEAM members with the information necessary for planning and conducting the Asian long-range tracer study. The experimental plan is proposed, at this time, to describe the efforts necessary to conduct the Asian long-range tracer study, and the plan will undoubtedly be revised and refined as the planning goes forward over the next year.

Allwine, K Jerry; Flaherty, Julia E.

2007-08-01

230

Leadership for Distributed Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this dissertation was to study the little examined, yet important issue of leadership for distributed teams. Distributed teams are defined as: “teams of which members are geographically distributed and are therefore working predominantly via mediated communication means on an interdependent task and in realizing a joint goal” (adapted from Bell & Kozlowski, 2002 and Dubé & Paré,

J. P. G. De Rooij

2009-01-01

231

Interactive Team Cognition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cognition in work teams has been predominantly understood and explained in terms of shared cognition with a focus on the similarity of static knowledge structures across individual team members. Inspired by the current zeitgeist in cognitive science, as well as by empirical data and pragmatic concerns, we offer an alternative theory of team

Cooke, Nancy J.; Gorman, Jamie C.; Myers, Christopher W.; Duran, Jasmine L.

2013-01-01

232

'They stand you in a corner; you are not to speak': nurses tell of abusive indoctrination in work teams dominated by bullies.  

PubMed

This paper reports some of the findings from the first qualitative stage of a large national study of bullying in the nursing workplace currently being undertaken in Australia. The findings reported here reveal how relationships between bullies were embedded within informal organizational alliances, enabling bullies to control work teams and use emotional abuse and psychological violence as a means of enforcing bully-defined 'rules of work'. Within nursing teams, bullies controlled work roles, tasks, and status in the nursing hierarchy through enforcing their 'rules'. Bullies enforced these rules through a process of ritual indoctrination, destroying the self-confidence and self-image of those targeted, and forcing them to eventually resign their position or acquiesce to survive. The merciless, calculated and deliberate nature of the bullying resulted in profound harm for many of those targeted. The findings of this research have implications for the understanding and management of workplace bullying. PMID:16696605

Hutchinson, Marie; Vickers, Margaret H; Jackson, Debra; Wilkes, Lesley

2006-05-01

233

The Component Packaging Problem: A Vehicle for the Development of Multidisciplinary Design and Analysis Methodologies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report summarizes academic research which has resulted in an increased appreciation for multidisciplinary efforts among our students, colleagues and administrators. It has also generated a number of research ideas that emerged from the interaction between disciplines. Overall, 17 undergraduate students and 16 graduate students benefited directly from the NASA grant: an additional 11 graduate students were impacted and participated without financial support from NASA. The work resulted in 16 theses (with 7 to be completed in the near future), 67 papers or reports mostly published in 8 journals and/or presented at various conferences (a total of 83 papers, presentations and reports published based on NASA inspired or supported work). In addition, the faculty and students presented related work at many meetings, and continuing work has been proposed to NSF, the Army, Industry and other state and federal institutions to continue efforts in the direction of multidisciplinary and recently multi-objective design and analysis. The specific problem addressed is component packing which was solved as a multi-objective problem using iterative genetic algorithms and decomposition. Further testing and refinement of the methodology developed is presently under investigation. Teaming issues research and classes resulted in the publication of a web site, (http://design.eng.clemson.edu/psych4991) which provides pointers and techniques to interested parties. Specific advantages of using iterative genetic algorithms, hurdles faced and resolved, and institutional difficulties associated with multi-discipline teaming are described in some detail.

Fadel, Georges; Bridgewood, Michael; Figliola, Richard; Greenstein, Joel; Kostreva, Michael; Nowaczyk, Ronald; Stevenson, Steve

1999-01-01

234

IEEE Multidisciplinary Engineering Education Magazine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The IEEE Multidisciplinary Engineering Education Magazine is the official means of communication for IEEE student members and educators. This magazine publishes interesting, useful, and informative material on all aspects of multidisciplinary engineering education for the benefit of students and educators. With this mission statement in mind, IEEE Multidisciplinary Engineering Education Magazine encourages submissions, both feature articles and columns, on all aspects of multidisciplinary engineering education. Target Audience: Post-Graduate Students, 2-4 Year College Students

2009-12-31

235

A pilot study on the effects of a team building process on the perception of work environment in an integrative hospital for neurological rehabilitation  

PubMed Central

Background Neurological rehabilitation is one of the most care-intensive challenges in the health care system requiring specialist therapeutic and nursing knowledge. In this descriptive pilot study, we investigated the effects of a team building process on perceived work environment, self-ascribed professional competence, life satisfaction, and client satisfaction in an anthroposophic specialized hospital for neurological rehabilitation. The team-building process consisted of didactic instruction and training in problem-solving, teambuilding and constructive conflict resolution. Methods Seventy seven staff members and 44 patients' relatives were asked to complete a survey that included the Work Environment Scale (WES-10), a Life Satisfaction Scale (BMLSS), the Conviction of Therapeutic Competency (CTC) scale and the Client Satisfaction Questionnaire (CSQ-8). To evaluate the outcome of the team building process, we analyzed changes over time in the WES-10 subscales. Additionally the interrelationship between the WES-10 subscales with other subscales and with sociodemographic parameters like age, gender was calculated by means of a bivariate correlation analysis. Results The team building process had a significant positive effect on perceived work environment in only one area. There was a significant improvement in the ward staffs' perception of their ability to constructively resolve conflicts 3 years after inception of the team building process than there was before inception. However, even in a unit that utilized holistic treatment and nursing in the care of severely disable patients, such care necessitating a very heavy workload, the measurements on the Self Realization, Life Satisfaction and Conviction of Therapeutic Competency scales remained high and unchanged over the three year time period of the study. Conclusions Strategic interventions might be an option to improve interpersonal relationships and finally quality of patient care. PMID:20214789

2010-01-01

236

American Bar Association Supplementary Guidelines for the Mitigation Function of Defense Teams in Death Penalty Cases: Implications for Social Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When a client faces a penalty of death, defense attorneys may call on social workers in many capacities: mitigation specialist, expert witness, consulting specialist, direct witness, or defense-initiated victim outreach worker. The American Bar Association set forth standards for capital defense attorneys, which led an interdisciplinary team to…

Andrews, Arlene Bowers

2012-01-01

237

Advances in Multi-disciplinary Interoperability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The challenge for addressing issues such as climate change, food security or ecosystem sustainability is that they require multi-disciplinary collaboration and the ability to integrate information across scientific domains. Multidisciplinary collaborations are difficult because each discipline has its own "language", protocols and formats for communicating within its community and handling data and information. EuroGEOSS demonstrates the added value to the scientific community and to society of making existing systems and applications interoperable and useful within the GEOSS and INSPIRE frameworks. In 2010, the project built an initial operating capacity of a multi-disciplinary Information System addressing three areas: drought, forestry and biodiversity. It is now furthering this development into an advanced operating capacity (http://www.eurogeoss.eu). The key to this capability is the creation of a broker that supports access to multiple resources through a common user interface and the automation of data search and access using state of the art information technology. EuroGEOSS hosted a conference on information systems and multi-disciplinary applications of science and technology. "EuroGEOSS: advancing the vision of GEOSS" provided a forum for developers, users and decision-makers working with advanced multi-disciplinary information systems to improve science and decisions for complex societal issues. In particular, the Conference addressed: Information systems for supporting multi-disciplinary research; Information systems and modeling for biodiversity, drought, forestry and related societal benefit areas; and Case studies of multi-disciplinary applications and outcomes. This paper will discuss the major finding of the conference and the directions for future development.

Pearlman, J.; Nativi, S.; Craglia, M.; Huerta, J.; Rubio-Iglesias, J. M.; Serrano, J. J.

2012-04-01

238

Initiation of a multidisciplinary summer studentship in palliative and supportive care in oncology  

PubMed Central

Purpose The optimal setting for interprofessional education (IPE) for prelicensure health care trainees is unclear, especially in a field as complex and emotionally challenging as oncology. In this article, the authors describe the initiation of the Cross Cancer Institute Multidisciplinary Summer Studentship in Palliative and Supportive Care in Oncology, a 6-week, multidisciplinary team-based clinical placement in supportive care, designed to incorporate features of best practice cooperative learning. Methods A steering committee established goals, structure, eligibility criteria, application process, funding, and a consensus approach to instruction and evaluation for the IPE program. Studentship components included mandatory and flexible clinical time, an exploratory investigation, discussion groups, and a presentation. Two senior students per iteration were selected from clinical nutrition, medicine, nursing, occupational therapy, pharmacy, physiotherapy, respiratory therapy, social work, and speech–language pathology applicants. These students completed questionnaires investigating their views of their own and others’ professions at baseline, at the end of the rotation, and 6 months after the studentship. Results Eight students from medicine, clinical nutrition, occupational therapy, physiotherapy, and speech–language pathology have participated to date. At the elective’s end, students have described a more positive view of multidisciplinary team practice, with each participating discipline perceived as both more caring and more subservient than at baseline. In general, changes in attitudes were maintained 6 months after completion of the placement. Conclusion This 6-week multidisciplinary placement is feasible, successful, and potentially transferable to other academic settings. The results of this study suggest that even over as short a period as 6 weeks, objective attitudinal and perceptual change is seen. PMID:23055742

Fairchild, Alysa; Watanabe, Sharon; Chambers, Carole; Yurick, Janice; Lem, Lisa; Tachynski, Patty

2012-01-01

239

Clinical audit of multidisciplinary care at a medium-sized hospital in Spain  

PubMed Central

Background Multidisciplinary care is a key enabler in the provision of high quality care for cancer patients. Despite compelling evidence supporting their benefit to patients and for providers, multidisciplinary cancer conferences (MCC) are not universally occurring. Team composition of MCC reflects the multidisciplinary nature of the body. Lack of nursing input can have a negative impact on team decision making. The objective of this study was to evaluate multidisciplinary care and adherence to national recommendations at a medium-sized hospital through a clinical audit of cancer conferences and clinical records. Methods A total of 77 multidisciplinary cancer conferences were visited and 496 electronic health records were reviewed. The regularity of meetings and multidisciplinary attendance were evaluated. Each electronic health record was checked to verify documented prospective discussion before any treatment was started. Results Nine multidisciplinary teams meet on a weekly or biweekly basis at the hospital with an average number of ten people and six different specialties represented. Average duration of meetings was 46.8 min. Though most patients (64.5%) were discussed at some point at the relevant cancer conference, only 40% had a documented multidisciplinary team discussion prior to the first treatment. Pathological stage (pTNM) was documented in 53.6% of clinical records. Conclusions Nursing representatives should be included as usual attendees at cancer conferences. Prospective discussion of all cancer cases should be encouraged. Use of checklists and systematic collection of key information, specifically cancer staging, could improve clinical documentation in the electronic clinical record. PMID:24597686

2014-01-01

240

Development of a Neonatal Intensive Care Multidisciplinary Crisis Resource Training Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at Children's Hospital Boston has established a multidisciplinary crisis resource management program using high-fidelity simulation and debriefing. The course was developed in response to identified patient safety goals for improved multidisciplinary communication and team training in the NICU. The article focuses on the identified need and development of the NICU course.

Kristen E. Lindamood; Christine Rachwal; Liana Kappus; Peter Weinstock; Elizabeth G. Doherty

2011-01-01

241

Collaborative Design Processes: An Active and Reflective Learning Course in Multidisciplinary Collaboration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a capstone course, graduate students from two universities participated in collaborative design in the architectural, engineering, and construction industries in multidisciplinary teams via the Internet. Students also developed process designs to integrate technology into multidisciplinary teamwork, combining active and reflective learning.…

O'Brien, William J.; Soibelman, Lucio; Elvin, George

2003-01-01

242

Team Up!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students explore the physical and psychological effect of stress and tension on human beings. They develop their observing, thinking, writing and teamwork skills by working on a group art project and reporting about it. They learn about the stages of group formation, group dynamics and team member roles that make for effective teams. In the process, they discover how collective action can foster a sense of community support, which can alleviate personal feelings of stress and tension. Note: The literacy activities for the Mechanics unit are based on physical themes that have broad application to our experience in the world â concepts of rhythm, balance, spin, gravity, levity, inertia, momentum, friction, stress and tension.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

243

Multidisciplinary task force for controlling drug expenses.  

PubMed

The establishment of a multidisciplinary task force to control increasing drug costs is described. From 1986 to 1992, dollars spent on drugs at a 964-bed teaching hospital increased from $9.8 million to $26.8 million, despite a tightly controlled formulary, prudent purchasing practices, prescribing restrictions, an antimicrobial order form program, a target-drug program, and an active pharmacy-run cost intervention program. These increases occurred as a result of changes in the mix of drugs prescribed, increases in outpatient volume, inflation, and price increases resulting from the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990. A multidisciplinary task force composed of seven teams--AIDS and related issues, ambulatory care, medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, pediatrics, surgery, and systems and procedures--was formed to identify ways to reduce drug expenses and enhance revenue. Each team made recommendations designed to reduce the rate of growth of pharmaceutical expenses. To implement these recommendations, the task force used a variety of verbal and written strategies to educate and communicate with physicians, pharmacists, nurses, pharmaceutical company representatives, and patients. A system was developed so that goal achievement could be monitored. The program, which was implemented on September 16, 1991, and continued through September 30, 1992, reduced the growth in drug expense by $2.33 million. As a result of the program, control of the drug expenses became an institutional priority, not merely a pharmacy department priority. By establishing a multidisciplinary team approach involving physicians, administrators, nurses, and pharmacists, a substantial reduction in the growth of drug expenses can be achieved. PMID:8266959

Hayman, J N; Crane, V S

1993-11-01

244

Multidisciplinary computational aerosciences  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As the challenges of single disciplinary computational physics are met, such as computational fluid dynamics, computational structural mechanics, computational propulsion, computational aeroacoustics, computational electromagnetics, etc., scientists have begun investigating the combination of these single disciplines into what is being called multidisciplinary computational aerosciences (MCAS). The combination of several disciplines not only offers simulation realism but also formidable computational challenges. The solution of such problems will require computers orders of magnitude larger than those currently available. Such computer power can only be supplied by massively parallel machines because of the current speed-of-light limitation of conventional serial systems. Even with such machines, MCAS problems will require hundreds of hours for their solution. To efficiently utilize such a machine, research is required in three areas that include parallel architectures, systems software, and applications software. The main emphasis of this paper is the applications software element. Examples that demonstrate application software for multidisciplinary problems currently being solved at NASA Ames Research Center are presented. Pacing items for MCAS are discussed such as solution methodology, physical modeling, computer power, and multidisciplinary validation experiments.

Kutler, Paul

1992-01-01

245

A relational conceptual framework for multidisciplinary health research centre infrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although multidisciplinary and team-based approaches are increasingly acknowledged as necessary to address some of the most pressing contemporary health challenges, many researchers struggle with a lack of infrastructure to facilitate and formalise the requisite collaborations. Specialised research centres have emerged as an important organisational solution, yet centre productivity and sustainability are frequently dictated by the availability and security of infrastructure

Stephanie E Coen; Joan L Bottorff; Joy L Johnson; Pamela A Ratner

2010-01-01

246

Challenging cases in thyroid cancer: a multidisciplinary approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recurrent thyroid cancer can present many complex management problems. Unfortunately, recurrent thyroid cancer is often refractory to radioiodine therapy. The proper use of external beam irradiation and surgical interventions can provide regional control of localized recurrences. Because of the complex nature of these patients, a multidisciplinary team approach to management which includes specialists in thyroid medicine and surgery, head and

Michael Tuttle; Richard Robbins; Steven M. Larson; H. William Strauss

2004-01-01

247

Selective Mutism in Elementary School: Multidisciplinary Interventions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the symptoms of selective mutism and historical background for treatment. It provides a case study which illustrates successful multidisciplinary treatment outcomes for a child who was selectively mute. Issues relevant to speech-language pathologists working with elementary school children are discussed and treatment guidelines provided.…

Giddan, Jane J.; And Others

1997-01-01

248

Incorporating Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) Knowledge and Skills into the Daily Work of Police Officers: A Focus Group Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative focus group study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) training\\u000a for police officers. Thematic analysis of transcripts of focus group discussions revealed that officers report increased knowledge\\u000a of mental illnesses (which manifests as an improved ability to recognize and respond, reduced stereotyping\\/stigmatization,\\u000a greater empathy toward consumers and their caregivers, more patience when dealing

Sonya Hanafi; Masuma Bahora; Berivan N. Demir; Michael T. Compton

2008-01-01

249

Change-oriented leadership, satisfaction and performance in work groups : Effects of team climate and group potency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To analyse the impact of change-oriented leaders on group outcomes. An explanatory model is proposed, in which the team climate (in particular as it relates to innovation) mediates between change-oriented leadership and group outcomes, while group potency reinforces this relationship. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This study is designed as a correlative and cross-level research. The sample comprises 318 health-care professionals

Francisco Gil; Ramón Rico; Carlos M. Alcover; Ángel Barrasa

2005-01-01

250

Tracking dynamic team activity  

SciTech Connect

AI researchers are striving to build complex multi-agent worlds with intended applications ranging from the RoboCup robotic soccer tournaments, to interactive virtual theatre, to large-scale real-world battlefield simulations. Agent tracking - monitoring other agent`s actions and inferring their higher-level goals and intentions - is a central requirement in such worlds. While previous work has mostly focused on tracking individual agents, this paper goes beyond by focusing on agent teams. Team tracking poses the challenge of tracking a team`s joint goals and plans. Dynamic, real-time environments add to the challenge, as ambiguities have to be resolved in real-time. The central hypothesis underlying the present work is that an explicit team-oriented perspective enables effective team tracking. This hypothesis is instantiated using the model tracing technology employed in tracking individual agents. Thus, to track team activities, team models are put to service. Team models are a concrete application of the joint intentions framework and enable an agent to track team activities, regardless of the agent`s being a collaborative participant or a non-participant in the team. To facilitate real-time ambiguity resolution with team models: (i) aspects of tracking are cast as constraint satisfaction problems to exploit constraint propagation techniques; and (ii) a cost minimality criterion is applied to constrain tracking search. Empirical results from two separate tasks in real-world, dynamic environments one collaborative and one competitive - are provided.

Tambe, M. [Univ. of Southern California, Marina del Rey, CA (United States)

1996-12-31

251

NASA Team Collaboration Pilot: Enabling NASA's Virtual Teams  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Most NASA projects and work activities are accomplished by teams of people. These teams are often geographically distributed - across NASA centers and NASA external partners, both domestic and international. NASA "virtual" teams are stressed by the challenge of getting team work done - across geographic boundaries and time zones. To get distributed work done, teams rely on established methods - travel, telephones, Video Teleconferencing (NASA VITS), and email. Time is our most critical resource - and team members are hindered by the overhead of travel and the difficulties of coordinating work across their virtual teams. Modern, Internet based team collaboration tools offer the potential to dramatically improve the ability of virtual teams to get distributed work done.

Prahst, Steve

2003-01-01

252

Team-based Service Delivery for Students with Disabilities: Practice Options and Guidelines for Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the assessment procedures, treatment procedures, and the advantages and disadvantages of three professional-family team models: multidisciplinary teams, interdisciplinary teams, and transdisciplinary teams. Guidelines for optimal team participation are provided. The importance of mission statements, communication, trust,…

Ogletree, Billy T.; Bull, Jeannette; Drew, Ruby; Lunnen, Karen Y.

2001-01-01

253

The influence of personality and ability on undergraduate teamwork and team performance.  

PubMed

The ability to work effectively on a team is highly valued by employers, and collaboration among students can lead to intrinsic motivation, increased persistence, and greater transferability of skills. Moreover, innovation often arises from multidisciplinary teamwork. The influence of personality and ability on undergraduate teamwork and performance is not comprehensively understood. An investigation was undertaken to explore correlations between team outcomes, personality measures and ability in an undergraduate population. Team outcomes included various self-, peer- and instructor ratings of skills, performance, and experience. Personality measures and ability involved the Five-Factor Model personality traits and GPA. Personality, GPA, and teamwork survey data, as well as instructor evaluations were collected from upper division team project courses in engineering, business, political science, and industrial design at a large public university. Characteristics of a multidisciplinary student team project were briefly examined. Personality, in terms of extraversion scores, was positively correlated with instructors' assessment of team performance in terms of oral and written presentation scores, which is consistent with prior research. Other correlations to instructor-, students' self- and peer-ratings were revealed and merit further study. The findings in this study can be used to understand important influences on successful teamwork, teamwork instruction and intervention and to understand the design of effective curricula in this area moving forward. ELECTRONIC SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL: The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/2193-1801-2-16) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users. PMID:23420685

Rhee, Jinny; Parent, David; Basu, Anuradha

2013-12-01

254

GRC RBCC Concept Multidisciplinary Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report outlines the GRC RBCC Concept for Multidisciplinary Analysis. The multidisciplinary coupling procedure is presented, along with technique validations and axisymmetric multidisciplinary inlet and structural results. The NPSS (Numerical Propulsion System Simulation) test bed developments and code parallelization are also presented. These include milestones and accomplishments, a discussion of running R4 fan application on the PII cluster as compared to other platforms, and the National Combustor Code speedup.

Suresh, Ambady

2001-01-01

255

Boundaries, gaps, and overlaps: defining roles in a multidisciplinary nephrology clinic  

PubMed Central

This study aims to explore how health care professionals in a multidisciplinary chronic kidney disease clinic interact with one another, patients, families, and caregivers to expand understanding of how this increasingly common form of chronic disease management functions in situ. Nonparticipatory observations were conducted of 64 consultations between patients and health care professionals and end-of-day rounds at a multidisciplinary chronic kidney disease clinic. Key themes in our findings revolved around the question of boundaries between the health professions that were expected to work cooperatively within the clinic, between medical specialties in the management of complex patients, and between caregivers and patients. Understanding the importance of various professional roles and how they are allocated, either formally as part of care design or organically as a clinical routine, may help us understand how multidisciplinary care teams function in real life and help us identify gaps in practice. This study highlights two areas for further study and reflection: the effect of discrepancies in health information and the role of caregivers in patient care. PMID:25336966

Stenfors-Hayes, Terese; Kang, Helen H

2014-01-01

256

The W(h)ine Club: women finding joy in academic work  

Microsoft Academic Search

The W(h)ine Club is a multidisciplinary women's research team which has been working together for the past 10 years. The idea for this Viewpoint piece grew as we participated in a Women in Research programme. The aim of the programme was to improve academic publications among women. A group of us in the programme found ourselves repeatedly referring to a

Mosa Selepè; Christa Grobler; Emsie Dicks; Wilna Oldewage-Theron

2012-01-01

257

The W(h)ine Club: Women Finding Joy in Academic Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The W(h)ine Club is a multidisciplinary women's research team which has been working together for the past 10 years. The idea for this Viewpoint piece grew as we participated in a Women in Research programme. The aim of the programme was to improve academic publications among women. A group of us in the programme found ourselves repeatedly…

Selepe, Mosa; Grobler, Christa; Dicks, Emsie; Oldewage-Theron, Wilna

2012-01-01

258

The W(h)ine Club: women finding joy in academic work  

Microsoft Academic Search

The W(h)ine Club is a multidisciplinary women's research team which has been working together for the past 10 years. The idea for this Viewpoint piece grew as we participated in a Women in Research programme. The aim of the programme was to improve academic publications among women. A group of us in the programme found ourselves repeatedly referring to a

Mosa Selepè; Christa Grobler; Emsie Dicks; Wilna Oldewage-Theron

2011-01-01

259

A Reflection on the Work of an Educational Psychologist in Providing Supervision for a Team of Community Based Support Workers, Supporting Families with Vulnerable Adolescents at Risk of Exclusion from School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evolving role of the educational psychologist (EP) is discussed with an emphasis on the supervision provided for a team of support workers for vulnerable adolescents, working within a Local Service Team. This development is considered in the context of the Every Child Matters (DfES, 2004) agenda and the Farrell, Woods, Lewis, Rooney, Squire…

Maxwell, Tim

2013-01-01

260

The multi-disciplinary approach to adolescent bariatric surgery.  

PubMed

The multi-disciplinary team is essential for the success of an adolescent bariatric surgical program. This article will describe the components of the team and their roles. Essential members include a pediatrician or pediatric subspecialist with an interest and expertise in adolescent obesity, a pediatric surgeon with bariatric expertise, or an adult bariatric surgeon with adolescent experience, adolescent/child psychologist, pediatric nutritionist, exercise physiologist or physical therapist, nursing support, and a patient coordinator. Some programs have found a social worker to be helpful as well. The function of the team members is more important than the title. A physical therapist may develop an activity program or a social worker may function as the coordinator. The whole team, led by the pediatric bariatrician, makes decisions concerning the selection of candidates for bariatric surgery. During team rounds, each patient is discussed and treatment decisions are made. PMID:24491360

Wulkan, Mark L; Walsh, Stephanie M

2014-02-01

261

Green Team | Poster  

Cancer.gov

Melissa Porter, who recently joined the staff of Craig Reynolds, Ph.D., director, Office of Scientific Operations, as administrative manager, has stepped forward to lead the Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research (FNL) Green Team in its efforts to promote a “green” work environment. “I am excited to lead the FNL Green Team and have been impressed by the enthusiasm and commitment of the FNL Green Team,” Porter said.

262

Diversity Team | Poster  

Cancer.gov

The Employee Diversity Team (EDT) is out and about this fall, making the NCI at Frederick community aware of various cultural traditions and events around Frederick County that employees can participate in. The team is working with staff members of Native American descent to feature a display case and movie selection celebrating Native American Heritage Month in November. The team will keep you informed about Frederick events taking place in November and December. Keep a look out for EDT e-mails.

263

6?Three Perspectives on Team Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emergence of a research literature on team learning has been driven by at least two factors. First, longstanding interest in what makes organizational work teams effective leads naturally to questions about how members of newly formed teams learn to work together and how existing teams improve or adapt. Second, some have argued that teams play a crucial role in

Amy C. Edmondson; James R. Dillon; Kathryn S. Roloff

2007-01-01

264

NIMROD: A Customer Focused, Team Driven Approach for Fusion Code Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NIMROD is a new code that will be used for the analysis of existing fusion experiments, prediction of operational limits, and design of future devices. An approach called Integrated Product Development (IPD) is being used for the development of NIMROD. It is a dramatic departure from existing practice in the fusion program. Code development is being done by a self-directed, multi-disciplinary, multi-institutional team that consists of experts in plasma theory, experiment, computational physics, and computer science. Customer representatives (ITER, US experiments) are an integral part of the team. The team is using techniques such as Quality Function Deployment (QFD), Pugh Concept Selection, Rapid Prototyping, and Risk Management, during the design phase of NIMROD. Extensive use is made of communication and internet technology to support collaborative work. Our experience with using these team techniques for such a complex software development project will be reported.

Karandikar, H. M.; Schnack, D. D.

1996-11-01

265

Blog - Team Science Toolkit  

Cancer.gov

Empirical findings on the nature of scientific inquiry (i.e., "the science of science") indicate that research is increasingly being conducted by teams rather than individuals. Working on a cross-disciplinary research team also has been shown to be associated with producing more creative research that has higher scientific impact.

266

Multidisciplinary Teams: A Necessity for Research in Precision Agriculture Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Precision agriculture may offer great promise for the future, but extensive research is required if that promise is to be realized. The research will not be easy, for few, if any, individuals have suffi ciently broad training in the many disci- plines (e.g., economics, engineering, crop and soil sciences, pest management) required to design the experiments, interpret the data, and

David S. Bullock; Newell Kitchen; Donald G. Bullock

2007-01-01

267

FACT SHEET: Academic workloads A group of academic staff have been working with the bargaining team, in  

E-print Network

, in developing an updated new academic workload model for the new Agreement. By having academics and researchers, as we have multiple workload models in operation. Other feedback has been around the need for academic from across different faculties involved in this process, it has meant that the people who work within

Liley, David

268

Managing multicultural teams.  

PubMed

Multicultural teams offer a number of advantages to international firms, including deep knowledge of different product markets, culturally sensitive customer service, and 24-hour work rotations. But those advantages may be outweighed by problems stemming from cultural differences, which can seriously impair the effectiveness of a team or even bring itto a stalemate. How can managers best cope with culture-based challenges? The authors conducted in-depth interviews with managers and members of multicultural teams from all over the world. Drawing on their extensive research on dispute resolution and teamwork and those interviews, they identify four problem categories that can create barriers to a team's success: direct versus indirect communication, trouble with accents and fluency, differing attitudes toward hierarchy and authority, and conflicting norms for decision making. If a manager--or a team member--can pinpoint the root cause of the problem, he or she is likelier to select an appropriate strategy for solving it. The most successful teams and managers, the authors found, dealt with multicultural challenges in one of four ways: adaptation (acknowledging cultural gaps openly and working around them), structural intervention (changing the shape or makeup of the team), managerial intervention (setting norms early or bringing in a higher-level manager), and exit (removing a team member when other options have failed). Which strategy is best depends on the particular circumstances--and each has potential complications. In general, though, managers who intervene early and set norms; teams and managers who try to engage everyone on the team; and teams that can see challenges as stemming from culture, not personality, succeed in solving culture-based problems with good humor and creativity. They are the likeliest to harvest the benefits inherent in multicultural teams. PMID:17131565

Brett, Jeanne; Behfar, Kristin; Kern, Mary C

2006-11-01

269

Breakfast: a multidisciplinary approach  

PubMed Central

Background The role of breakfast as an essential part of an healthy diet has been only recently promoted even if breakfast practices were known since the Middle Age. The growing scientific evidences on this topic are extremely sector-based nevertheless breakfast could be regarded from different point of views and from different expertises. This approach, that take into account history, sociology, anthropology, medicine, psychology and pedagogy, is useful to better understand the value of this meal in our culture. The aim of this paper was to analyse breakfast-related issues based on a multidisciplinary approach with input by specialists from different fields of learning. Discussion Breakfast is now recommended as part of a diet because it is associated with healthier macro- and micronutrient intakes, body mass index and lifestyle. Moreover recent studies showed that breakfast improves cognitive function, intuitive perception and academic performance. Research demonstrates the importance of providing breakfast not only to children but in adults and elderly too. Although the important role breakfast plays in maintaining the health, epidemiological data from industrialised countries reveal that many individuals either eat a nutritionally unhealthy breakfast or skip it completely. Summary The historical, bio-psychological and educational value of breakfast in our culture is extremely important and should be recognized and stressed by the scientific community. Efforts should be done to promote this practice for the individual health and well-being. PMID:23842429

2013-01-01

270

Multidelity methods for multidisciplinary system design  

E-print Network

Optimization of multidisciplinary systems is critical as slight performance improvements can provide significant benefits over the system's life. However, optimization of multidisciplinary systems is often plagued by ...

March, Andrew I. (Andrew Irving)

2012-01-01

271

Breast cancer in young women: special considerations in multidisciplinary care  

PubMed Central

Breast cancer is one of the most prevalent cancers in females, and 5%–7% of breast cancer cases occur in women under 40 years of age. Breast cancer in the young has gained increased attention with an attempt to improve diagnosis and prognosis. Young patients tend to have different epidemiology, presenting with later stages and more aggressive phenotypes. Diagnostic imaging is also more difficult in this age group. Multidisciplinary care generally encompasses surgeons, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, radiologists, and social workers. Other special considerations include reconstruction options, fertility, genetics, and psychosocial issues. These concerns enlarge the already diverse multidisciplinary team to incorporate new expertise, such as reproductive specialists and genetic counselors. This review encompasses an overview of the current multimodal treatment regimens and the unique challenges in treating this special population. Integration of diagnosis, treatment, and quality of life issues should be addressed and understood by each member in the interdisciplinary team in order to optimize outcomes. PMID:25300196

Reyna, Chantal; Lee, Marie Catherine

2014-01-01

272

Modeling and Analysis of Multidiscipline Research Teams at NASA Langley Research Center: A Systems Thinking Approach  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Multidisciplinary analysis and design is inherently a team activity due to the variety of required expertise and knowledge. As a team activity, multidisciplinary research cannot escape the issues that affect all teams. The level of technical diversity required to perform multidisciplinary analysis and design makes the teaming aspects even more important. A study was conducted at the NASA Langley Research Center to develop a model of multidiscipline teams that can be used to help understand their dynamics and identify key factors that influence their effectiveness. The study sought to apply the elements of systems thinking to better understand the factors, both generic and Langley-specific, that influence the effectiveness of multidiscipline teams. The model of multidiscipline research teams developed during this study has been valuable in identifying means to enhance team effectiveness, recognize and avoid problem behaviors, and provide guidance for forming and coordinating multidiscipline teams.

Waszak, Martin R.; Barthelemy, Jean-Francois; Jones, Kenneth M.; Silcox, Richard J.; Silva, Walter A.; Nowaczyk, Ronald H.

1998-01-01

273

An I-P-O model of team goal, leader goal orientation, team cohesiveness, and team effectiveness  

E-print Network

that team effectiveness can be broadly defined by performance, member satisfaction, and team viability (Guzzo & Dickson, 1996; Hackman, 1987; Sundstrom, De Meuse & Futrell, 1990). Accordingly, a) performance is indicated by team-produced outputs (quantity...? capability to work together in the future. According to Sundstrom, De Meuse & Futrell (1990) team viability entails, at a minimum, members? willingness to continue working together. The importance of team performance and team viability is straightforward...

Yu, Chien-Feng

2006-04-12

274

Team Science Toolkit  

Cancer.gov

Demonstrated success at grant writing for NIH and other government institutes using team science approaches. Work in non-profit sector with federal contracts and grants. Have written book on successful grant writing.

275

South Asia Multidisciplinary Academic Journal  

E-print Network

in a Global Economy or digital media, provided that they are strictly used for personal, scientific or educational purposes, Business and Labour in a Global Economy », South Asia Multidisciplinary Academic Journal [Online], Book

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

276

The Multidisciplinary Study of Questioning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although questioning is of interest to many fields, multidisciplinary approaches are rare. To reveal interrelationships between various literatures, a framework is formulated. The literatures on questioning in different fields are surveyed and compared. (Author/GK)

Dillon, J.T.

1982-01-01

277

Initial Multidisciplinary Design and Analysis Framework  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Within the Supersonics (SUP) Project of the Fundamental Aeronautics Program (FAP), an initial multidisciplinary design & analysis framework has been developed. A set of low- and intermediate-fidelity discipline design and analysis codes were integrated within a multidisciplinary design and analysis framework and demonstrated on two challenging test cases. The first test case demonstrates an initial capability to design for low boom and performance. The second test case demonstrates rapid assessment of a well-characterized design. The current system has been shown to greatly increase the design and analysis speed and capability, and many future areas for development were identified. This work has established a state-of-the-art capability for immediate use by supersonic concept designers and systems analysts at NASA, while also providing a strong base to build upon for future releases as more multifidelity capabilities are developed and integrated.

Ozoroski, L. P.; Geiselhart, K. A.; Padula, S. L.; Li, W.; Olson, E. D.; Campbell, R. L.; Shields, E. W.; Berton, J. J.; Gray, J. S.; Jones, S. M.; Naiman, C. G.; Seidel, J. A.; Moore, K. T.; Naylor, B. A.; Townsend, S.

2010-01-01

278

Multidisciplinary Optimization Methods for Aircraft Preliminary Design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes a research program aimed at improved methods for multidisciplinary design and optimization of large-scale aeronautical systems. The research involves new approaches to system decomposition, interdisciplinary communication, and methods of exploiting coarse-grained parallelism for analysis and optimization. A new architecture, that involves a tight coupling between optimization and analysis, is intended to improve efficiency while simplifying the structure of multidisciplinary, computation-intensive design problems involving many analysis disciplines and perhaps hundreds of design variables. Work in two areas is described here: system decomposition using compatibility constraints to simplify the analysis structure and take advantage of coarse-grained parallelism; and collaborative optimization, a decomposition of the optimization process to permit parallel design and to simplify interdisciplinary communication requirements.

Kroo, Ilan; Altus, Steve; Braun, Robert; Gage, Peter; Sobieski, Ian

1994-01-01

279

Ipilimumab and Its Toxicities: A Multidisciplinary Approach  

PubMed Central

The treatment for metastatic melanoma has evolved significantly in the past few years. Ipilimumab, an immunotherapy, is now in mainstream oncology practice given that it has shown improved overall survival in randomized clinical trials. Other immune modulating agents, such as programmed death receptor-1 and programmed death receptor ligand-1 antibodies, are showing promise in early clinical trials. This manuscript will review ipilimumab and its most common side effects. Immune-related adverse events (irAEs) are important to recognize early, and their presentation, timing of onset, and general recommendations for workup and management will be reviewed. Assembling a multidisciplinary team, as well as thorough education of the patient, is recommended to optimize patient care. PMID:23774827

Agarwala, Sanjiv S.; Hodi, F. Stephen; Weber, Jeffrey S.

2013-01-01

280

Team Teaching: What, Why, and How?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book explains how and why team teaching works and provides a comprehensive review of research material with practical applications. The nature, purpose, types, history, and evaluation of team teaching are described. The chapters are: (1) "What Is Team Teaching?"; (2) "Why Team Teach?"; (3) "How To Design a Team Teaching Program"; (4) "How To…

Buckley, Francis J.

281

Project Team Selection Using Fuzzy Optimization Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

With their high potential, high motivation, great problem-solving ability and flexibility, project teams are important work structures for the business life. The success of these teams is highly dependent upon the people involved in the project team. This makes the project team selection an important factor for project success. The project team selection can be defined as selecting the right

Adil Baykasoglu; Türkay Dereli; Sena Das

2007-01-01

282

Team Facilitator: Urban Garden Youth Employment 7 team facilitator positions open for summer 2012  

E-print Network

Team Facilitator: Urban Garden Youth Employment 7 team facilitator positions open for summer 2012 team of 6 urban teenagers. The Team Facilitator creates and maintains a dynamic garden work experience experience. Each team has a different garden based work assignment. See 2012 Urban Garden Youth Employment

Janssen, Michel

283

Finding the team for Mars: a psychological and human factors analysis of a Mars Desert Research Station crew.  

PubMed

A two-week mission in March and April of 2011 sent six team members to the Mars Desert Research Station (MDRS). MDRS, a research facility in the high Utah desert, provides an analogue for the harsh and unusual working conditions that will be faced by men and women who one day explore Mars. During the mission a selection of quantitative and qualitative psychological tests were administered to the international, multidisciplinary team. A selection of the results are presented along with discussion. PMID:22317591

Sawyer, Benjamin D; Hancock, P A; Deaton, John; Suedfeld, Peter

2012-01-01

284

Multidisciplinary Treatment of Pediatric Obesity: Nutrition Evaluation and Management  

PubMed Central

Assessment and treatment methods for pediatric obesity are rapidly evolving. Thought to be caused by an imbalance of caloric intake and expenditure, obesity requires a comprehensive evaluation of patient, familial, environmental, genetic, and cultural characteristics so clinicians can design successful interventions. Quantitative nutrition assessment of caloric intake is difficult and time consuming and should be used only in isolated settings, such as in the research setting, or if initial approaches to management have been unsuccessful. As an alternative, providers should identify dietary patterns or behaviors that have been linked to obesity and are promising targets for change. Clinicians should tailor interventions by considering patient and family motivation and readiness to change. Current guidelines recommend stepwise increases in treatment plans, and multidisciplinary treatment teams are recommended for patients who require intense intervention. Providers involved at the multidisciplinary level must incorporate their area of expertise into that of the team to develop a comprehensive management plan. This article reviews current recommendations for the evaluation and treatment of pediatric obesity with a focus on nutrition evaluation as part of a multidisciplinary team. PMID:20702836

Ross, Michael M.; Kolbash, Stacy; Cohen, Gail M.; Skelton, Joseph A.

2014-01-01

285

Multidisciplinary Graduate Education in Bioprocess Engineering  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the accomplishments of the University of Georgia in establishing an academic program geared toward the emerging biobased products industry. By virtue of its strengths and structure, the University of Georgia is particularly well-suited for developing a program focused on plant- and microbial-based bioproducts, and it was in this general area that this program was developed. The program had several unique characteristics. First, we implemented a distinguished lecture series that brought outstanding scientists and engineers to our University to interact with students and share their vision of the biobased economy. Second, we offered industrially-oriented and multidisciplinary courses that provided students with a broad background on various facets of biobased business and technology. Third, we provided the students with opportunities to expand beyond the classroom by engaging in research lab rotations and industrial internships. Fourth, each student was engaged in a creative research project as led by a multidisciplinary faculty team. Throughout the implementation of these activities, we maintained a student-centered, mentoring approach to education. The most tangible outcome of this project was the graduation of two students who participated in a variety of scholarly activities, culminating in research toward the completion of a thesis and dissertation. Both research projects involved the use of microorganisms to produce industrial products from agricultural substrates via fermentation processes. The research advanced our understanding of microorganisms as used for industrial processes and products, as described in several articles published in scholarly journals and presentations made at scientific conferences (see information on pp. 14-15). Another outcome is one graduate course, Fermentation Engineering Laboratory, which is a unique experiential and multidisciplinary course. This course will be offered in the future as an elective to graduate students in several engineering and science degree programs. Other significant developments have arisen as direct or indirect consequences of this project. The University of Georgia has established a B.S. Biochemical Engineering degree and an M.S. Biochemical Engineering degree. A strong component of these degree programs is education toward a biobased economy. We will integrate particularly positive components of this project (such as the distinguished lecture series) into these degree programs. The University of Georgia is establishing a Center for Biorefining and Carbon Cycling. This multidisciplinary Center houses a pilot scale biorefinery, comprising a pyrolysis unit and an ethanol plant. Together with new faculty positions that are currently being advertised, this project has encouraged the University of Georgia to assume a leadership role in the preparation of students in the biobased industries of the future.

Mark A. Eiteman

2006-04-18

286

Team Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recounts one Montessori teacher's experience team teaching in a secondary Montessori classroom. Illustrates how a conflict over decision making with a co-teacher helped to create better relationships with students in the classroom and better communication on the teaching team. Contends that resolving issues of conflict between teachers is vital…

Fisher, Stephen

2003-01-01

287

Trauma team.  

PubMed

The introduction of trauma teams has improved patient outcome independently. The aim of establishing a trauma team is to ensure the early mobilization and involvement of more experienced medical staff and thereby to improve patient outcome. The team approach allows for distribution of the several tasks in assessment and resuscitation of the patient in a 'horizontal approach', which may lead to a reduction in time from injury to critical interventions and thus have a direct bearing on the patient's ultimate outcome. A trauma team leader or supervisor, who coordinates the resuscitation and ensures adherence to guidelines, should lead the trauma team. There is a major national and international variety in trauma team composition, however crucial are a surgeon, an Emergency Medicine physician or both and anaesthetist. Advanced Trauma Life Support training, simulation-based training, and video review have all improved patient outcome and trauma team performance. Developments in the radiology, such as the use of computed tomography scanning in the emergency room and the endovascular treatment of bleeding foci, have changed treatment algorithms in selected patients. These developments and new insights in shock management may have a future impact on patient management and trauma team composition. PMID:24980423

Tiel Groenestege-Kreb, D; van Maarseveen, O; Leenen, L

2014-08-01

288

Exploring the concept of a team approach to wound care: MANAGING WOUNDS AS A TEAM.  

PubMed

Background The growing prevalence and incidence of nonhealing acute and chronic wounds is a worrying concern. A major challenge is the lack of united services aimed at addressing the complex needs of individuals with wounds. However, the WHO argues that interprofessional collaboration in education and practice is key to providing the best patient care, enhancing clinical and health-related outcomes and strengthening the health system. It is based on this background that the team approach to wound care project was conceptualised. The project was jointly initiated and realised by the Association for the Advancement of Wound Care (AAWC-USA), the Australian Wound Management Association (AWMA) and the European Wound Management Association (EWMA). Aim The aim of this project was to develop a universal model for the adoption of a team approach to wound care. Objective The overarching objective of this project was to provide recommendations for implementing a team approach to wound care within all clinical settings and through this to develop a model for advocating the team approach toward decision makers in national government levels. Method An integrative literature review was conducted. Using this knowledge, the authors arrived at a consensus on the most appropriate model to adopt and realise a team approach to wound care. Results Eighty four articles met the inclusion criteria. Following data extraction, it was evident that none of the articles provided a definition for the terms multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary or transdisciplinary in the context of wound care. Given this lack of clarity within the wound care literature, the authors have here developed a Universal Model for the Team Approach to Wound Care to fill this gap in our current understanding. Conclusion We advocate that the patient should be at the heart of all decision-making, as working with the Universal Model for the Team Approach to Wound Care begins with the needs of the patient. To facilitate this, we suggest use of a wound navigator who acts as an advocate for the patient. Overall, we feel that the guidance provided within this document serves to illuminate the importance of a team approach to wound care, in addition to providing a clear model on how to achieve such an approach to care. We look forward to gathering evidence of the impact of this model of care on clinical and financial outcomes and will continue to share updates over time. PMID:25191792

2014-05-01

289

GEO Standard and Interoperability Forum (SIF) European Team  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The European GEO SIF has been initiated by the GIGAS project in an effort to better coordinate European requirements for GEO and GEOSS related activities, and is recognised by GEO as a regional SIF. To help advance the interoperability goals of the Global Earth Observing System of Systems (GEOSS), the Group on Earth Observations (GEO) Architecture and Data Committee (ADC) has established a Standards and Interoperability Forum (SIF) to support GEO organizations offering components and services to GEOSS. The SIF will help GEOSS contributors understand how to work with the GEOSS interoperability guidelines and how to enter their "interoperability arrangements" (standards or other ad hoc arrangements for interoperability) into the GEOSS registries. This will greatly facilitate the utility of GEOSS and encourage significant increase in participation. To carry out its work most effectively, the SIF promotes to form Regional Teams. They will help to organize and optimize the support coming from the different parts of the World and reach out regional and multi-disciplinary Scientific Communities. This will allow to have true global representation in supporting GEOSS interoperability. A SIF European Team is foreseen. The main role of the SIF is facilitating interoperability and working with members and participating organizations as they offer data and information services to the users of GEOSS. In this framework, the purpose of having a European Regional Team is to increase efficiency in carrying out the work of the SIF. Experts can join the SIF European Team by registering at the SIF European Team wiki site: http://www.thegigasforum.eu/sif/

Nativi, Stefano

2010-05-01

290

A framework for improving the effectiveness of distributed project teams  

E-print Network

Introduction: The focus of this work is on improving the effectiveness of distributed project teams - adopting a widely accepted definition of team as described in "Virtual Teams" as: "A team is a collection of individuals ...

Cherbonneau, Gregg

2005-01-01

291

Learning through "huddles" for health care leaders: why do some work teams learn as a result of huddles and others do not?  

PubMed

The health care industry embraces the concept that collective learning occurs through group social interactions and has been initiating huddles as an avenue for collaborative learning. During change of shift or prior to beginning daily tasks, a huddle is initiated and facilitated by the manager or frontline supervisor. Given that "shared knowledge is obtained through group-based learning," why are some teams learning and others are not? The phenomenon is perplexing, given that the same resources are provided to all teams. Based on the findings in the literature review on learning in groups, teams learn from huddles and others do not because of the following: communication style and dialogue among the group members, communication style and dialogue facilitated by the leader, team and member perceptions, and team membership. Teams that learn from huddles do so because of the elements within the dialogue between team members (reflexive questioning, redundancy of information, metaphors, analogies, dramatic dialogue, strategic meaning) and because the huddle team exhibits higher levels of collegiality, tenure, heterogeneity, team identification, and collective efficacy. Facilitators must encourage a conversation in order to encourage reframing of cognitive maps that encourage learning by huddle members. PMID:25350023

Little, Johanna

2014-01-01

292

Aerobraking Teams  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Group and team photos of Langely's Aerobraking teams. These photo's were taken right after the 75 day aerobraking phase. People in the photographs include: Paul V. Tartabini, Mary Kae Lockwood, Richard W. Powell, Eric M. Queen, Bob Tolson, Alicia Dwyer, Jill Hanna, Michelle Munk, Zack Q. Chavis, dick Wilmoth, Naru Takashima, Ruth Amundsen, John Aguirre, Allison Roberts, Loreyna Young, Charles W. Davis, John Dec, Joe Gasbarre, Scott Striepe, Paul Escalera and G. M. Keating.

2002-01-01

293

Multi-Disciplinary Analysis and Optimization Frameworks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Since July 2008, the Multidisciplinary Analysis & Optimization Working Group (MDAO WG) of the Systems Analysis Design & Optimization (SAD&O) discipline in the Fundamental Aeronautics Program s Subsonic Fixed Wing (SFW) project completed one major milestone, Define Architecture & Interfaces for Next Generation Open Source MDAO Framework Milestone (9/30/08), and is completing the Generation 1 Framework validation milestone, which is due December 2008. Included in the presentation are: details of progress on developing the Open MDAO framework, modeling and testing the Generation 1 Framework, progress toward establishing partnerships with external parties, and discussion of additional potential collaborations

Naiman, Cynthia Gutierrez

2009-01-01

294

The Talent Acquisition team assists hiring managers in attracting, selecting, hiring and retaining the right people. In some cases this means hiring a foreign national to work at  

E-print Network

The Talent Acquisition team assists hiring managers in attracting, selecting, hiring and retaining of Calgary's policies and practices. THE TALENT ACQUISITION TEAM IMMIGRATION TOOLKIT Universities can be distinguished by the talent they attract and re- tain...We compete globally for talent at all levels. We must

Habib, Ayman

295

The Use of Modern Information and Communication Systems and Technology and Experienced Stress at Work in Mixed Deaf-Hearing Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we look at the use of ICST in two multilingual and deaf/hearing teams in an educational and research environment. We describe how job demands and job control (decision authority level) contribute to feelings of stress among the deaf and the hearing employees. We find that most information is received by all of the team members in…

van Gils, Gardy; van den Bogaerde, Beppie; de Lange, Rob

2010-01-01

296

A Longitudinal Comparison of Leader-Follower Relationships between High and Low Performing Self-Managed Work Teams in Virtual Settings  

Microsoft Academic Search

We conducted a semester-long study that examined the influence of emergent leaders’ behaviors on followers’ behaviors in high- and low-performing teams over time. Our results indicated that in highperforming teams, followers engaged in greater adaptive, goal and stability behaviors solely as a function of time. Neither the virtualness nor the behaviors of leaders influenced the behaviors of followers in high

JoAnne Yong-Kwan Lim; Laku Chidambaram

2011-01-01

297

Cyberinfrastructure and Scientific Collaboration: Application of a Virtual Team Performance Framework with Potential Relevance to Education. WCER Working Paper No. 2010-12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this exploratory study was to identify and describe some of the dimensions of scientific collaborations using high throughput computing (HTC) through the lens of a virtual team performance framework. A secondary purpose was to assess the viability of using a virtual team performance framework to study scientific collaborations using…

Kraemer, Sara; Thorn, Christopher A.

2010-01-01

298

[Chest pain due to a panic disorder: the significance of a multidisciplinary approach].  

PubMed

A 50-year-old man and a 76-year-old woman were presented with noncardiac chest pain at a medical-psychiatric unit, which is a dual medical and psychiatric inpatient unit in the University Hospital Maastricht, Tthe Netherlands. Since more than one year both patients had had complaints without a medical explanation for their symptoms. Somatic and psychiatric investigations were performed by a multidisciplinary team. Both patients were diagnosed with a panic disorder which has been shown to be highly treatable. Panic disorder induced noncardiac chest pain is a common problem that often remains unrecognized, due to the fact that patients primarily report somatic symptoms. The consequences are a high medical consumption and economic costs due to loss of working days. Moreover, anxiety may even increase cardiac morbidity and mortality directly. This stresses the importance of effective screening for psychopathology in this large group of patients. A multidisciplinary approach is advisable to motivate such patients for treatment, as they accept the presence of a psychiatrist in a combined clinic more readily. PMID:18064857

de Raedt, C; Kuijpers, P M J C; Honig, A

2007-11-01

299

BA or BS in Multidisciplinary  

E-print Network

-related challenges. Our programs treat security issues as spanning levels of government from local to national Climate Change: Science and Society GEOG or PLAN 3430 Geographic Information Systems I (P: GEOG 2410 or PLBA or BS in Multidisciplinary Studies: Security Studies East Carolina University Thomas Harriot

300

Multidisciplinary Efforts Driving Translational Theranostics  

PubMed Central

This themed issue summarizes significant efforts aimed at using “biological language” to discern between “friends” and “foes” in the context of theranostics for true clinical application. It is expected that the success of theranostics depends on multidisciplinary efforts, combined to expedite our understanding of host responses to “customized” theranostic agents and formulating individualized therapies.

Hu, Tony Y.

2014-01-01

301

A multidisciplinary approach to the development of a cervical spine clearance protocol: Process, rationale, and initial results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/Purpose: Assessment of potential spine injuries is inconsistent and controversial. Subsequent morbidity includes prolonged immobilization and missed injuries. To address these issues, a multidisciplinary team was organized to design a cervical spine management\\/clearance pathway. The process, algorithm, and initial results are described. Methods: Team members consisted of pediatric surgeons, orthopedic surgeons, neurosurgeons, emergency room physicians, and trauma nurse practitioners. Nationwide

Steven L. Lee; Matthew Sena; Stephen K. Greenholz; Marti Fledderman

2003-01-01

302

Team Learning and Team Composition in Nursing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study aims to explore team learning activities in nursing teams and to test the effect of team composition on team learning to extend conceptually an initial model of team learning and to examine empirically a new model of ambidextrous team learning in nursing. Design/methodology/approach: Quantitative research utilising exploratory…

Timmermans, Olaf; Van Linge, Roland; Van Petegem, Peter; Elseviers, Monique; Denekens, Joke

2011-01-01

303

Team Trust in Online Education: Assessing and Comparing Team-Member Trust in Online Teams versus Face-to-Face Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Trust is a key factor in enabling effective team performance and, in online teams, needs to be built quickly and early. As universities expand their online offerings students are increasingly working in online teams. Understanding how trust development may differ in online teams versus face-to-face can have implications for online education…

Beranek, Peggy M.; French, Monique L.

2011-01-01

304

Before the paradigm shift: concepts and communication between doctors and nurses in a burns team  

Microsoft Academic Search

The evolution of care delivered by a multidisciplinary burns team is a function of the effectiveness of the professional communication between team members. In this exercise, we have explored concepts and communication between nurses and doctors in a burns team. Loosely structured weekly meetings were held over a 4-month period. The explicit objective was to determine and define the current

Andrew Burd; K. W Cheung; W. S Ho; T. W Wong; S. Y Ying; P. H Cheng

2002-01-01

305

Large Build Teams: Help or Hindrance?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Should we use build and deployment teams on large projects? Build and deployment work often emerges as a specialization on project teams. This specialization be- comes important on medium to large projects as the com- plexity of deploying code and configuring enterprise envi- ronments increases. However, how do we coordinate the work of this team with the work of the

Julian Simpson; Shane Duan

2007-01-01

306

Team-Member Exchange Under Team and Traditional ManagementA Naturally Occurring Quasi-Experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The quality of exchange relationships between work teams and their members was assessed for 103 manufacturing workers. Higher levels of team-member exchange quality, as well as of cohesiveness, satisfaction with coworkers, and general job satisfaction were reported by members of teams expected to be self-managing in contrast to teams expected to function as traditional work groups. Gains in departmental production

Anson Seers; M. M. Petty; James F. Cashman

1995-01-01

307

Manufacturing Change at the John Deere Harvester Works: Report on the Visit of the Ad Hoc Lean Aircraft Initiative Team, June 7, 1994  

E-print Network

On June 7, 1994, an Ad Hoc team from LAI visited John Deere to conduct an informal benchmark of John Deere's successful change to Leaner Manufacturing. This report summarizes the results of that trip, as well as summarizing ...

Stahl, Fred

308

Working Together to Become Proficient Readers: Early Impact of the Talent Development Middle School's 'Student Team Literature Program'. Report No. 15.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Talent Development Middle School.s Student Team Literature (STL) program includes: (1) curricular materials designed to assist students study great literature; (2) recommended instructional practices, peer assistance processes, and assessments; and (3...

D. J. Mac Iver, R. Balfanz, S. B. Plank

1997-01-01

309

Developing Your State Team: Why and How. Collaborative Planning: Transition from School to Work. National Leadership Institute for Personnel in Education and Rehabilitation of the Blind and Visually Handicapped.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for state team members developing state-wide collaborative agreements between education and rehabilitation agencies to aid in the transition of blind and visually handicapped students (ages 16-25) from school into the work force, the manual arose out of the February, 1985, Institute. The first chapter provides perspectives on transition…

Simpson, Frank; And Others

310

Trends in Multidisciplinary Engineering Education, MA&O 2006 Trends in Multidisciplinary Engineering  

E-print Network

Trends in Multidisciplinary Engineering Education, MA&O 2006 Page 1 Trends in Multidisciplinary Portsmouth, Virginia #12;Trends in Multidisciplinary Engineering Education, MA&O 2006 Page 2 "What is chiefly needed is skill rather than machinery" Wilbur Wright, 1902 #12;Trends in Multidisciplinary Engineering

Peraire, Jaime

311

Team Building  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A personal reminiscence of the events surrounding the establishment of Tertiary Education and Management (TEAM), the journal of the European Association for Institutional Research EAIR, the European Higher Education Society--and its development over its first decade, by the founding Editor, at the time of his retirement from the post.

Begg, Roddy

2005-01-01

312

Computational differentiation and multidisciplinary design  

SciTech Connect

Multidisciplinary Design Optimization (MDO) by means of formal sensitivity analysis requires that each single-discipline analysis code supply not only the output functions for the (usually constrained) optimization process and other discipline analysis inputs, but also the derivatives of all of these output functions with respect to its input variables. Computational differentiation techniques and automatic differentiation tools enable MDO by providing accurate and efficient derivatives of computer programs with little human effort. We discuss the principles behind automatic differentiation and give a brief overview of automatic differentiation tools and how they can be employed judiciously, for example, for sparse Jacobians and to exploit parallelism. We show how, and under what circumstances, automatic differentiation applied to iterative solvers delivers the mathematically desired derivatives. We then show how derivatives that can now be feasibly obtained by computational differentiation techniques can lead to improved solution schemes for nonlinear coupled systems and multidisciplinary design optimization.

Bischof, C. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Griewank, A. [Institute of Scientific Computing, Technical Univ. of Dresden, Dresden (Germany)

1993-12-31

313

Application of multidisciplinary analysis to gene expression.  

SciTech Connect

Molecular analysis of cancer, at the genomic level, could lead to individualized patient diagnostics and treatments. The developments to follow will signal a significant paradigm shift in the clinical management of human cancer. Despite our initial hopes, however, it seems that simple analysis of microarray data cannot elucidate clinically significant gene functions and mechanisms. Extracting biological information from microarray data requires a complicated path involving multidisciplinary teams of biomedical researchers, computer scientists, mathematicians, statisticians, and computational linguists. The integration of the diverse outputs of each team is the limiting factor in the progress to discover candidate genes and pathways associated with the molecular biology of cancer. Specifically, one must deal with sets of significant genes identified by each method and extract whatever useful information may be found by comparing these different gene lists. Here we present our experience with such comparisons, and share methods developed in the analysis of an infant leukemia cohort studied on Affymetrix HG-U95A arrays. In particular, spatial gene clustering, hyper-dimensional projections, and computational linguistics were used to compare different gene lists. In spatial gene clustering, different gene lists are grouped together and visualized on a three-dimensional expression map, where genes with similar expressions are co-located. In another approach, projections from gene expression space onto a sphere clarify how groups of genes can jointly have more predictive power than groups of individually selected genes. Finally, online literature is automatically rearranged to present information about genes common to multiple groups, or to contrast the differences between the lists. The combination of these methods has improved our understanding of infant leukemia. While the complicated reality of the biology dashed our initial, optimistic hopes for simple answers from microarrays, we have made progress by combining very different analytic approaches.

Wang, Xuefel (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Kang, Huining (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Fields, Chris (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM); Cowie, Jim R. (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM); Davidson, George S.; Haaland, David Michael; Sibirtsev, Valeriy (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM); Mosquera-Caro, Monica P. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Xu, Yuexian (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Martin, Shawn Bryan; Helman, Paul (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Andries, Erik (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Ar, Kerem (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Potter, Jeffrey (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Willman, Cheryl L. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Murphy, Maurice H. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM)

2004-01-01

314

Clinical Mental Health Training Within a Multidisciplinary School-Based Health Clinic  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model is presented to illustrate a clinical mental health training program within a multidisciplinary School-Based Health Clinic (SBHC). In collaboration with schools of education, medicine, nursing, and social work, a multidisciplinary training and treatment program was established that provided unique opportunities for clinical training. An ecological\\/public health model was utilized as the conceptual framework for clinical mental health training,

Michael J. Mason; Thomas A. Wood

1999-01-01

315

Enhancing Student Engagement in a Multidisciplinary, First-Year Experience Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three faculty members from three different professional disciplines outline strategies to engage first-year students in a team-taught, multidisciplinary first-year experience course. The theme of the discussed section is titled food for thought...and action. Assignments are grounded in theories of cooperative and experiential learning. Tentative…

Stebleton, Michael; Jensen, Murray; Peter, Gary

2010-01-01

316

GeoEnvironmental Education Through Multidisciplinary Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The growing need to understand environmental and geological processes, their impacts, and solutions in a dynamic world requires a diverse, multidiscipline, and multicultural approach in science and engineering. In the last few years, faculty at the University of Puerto Rico, Mayagüez have engaged in education and training activities aimed at developing a critical mass of students that can address a wide range of geoenvironmental problems through multidisciplinary research. Students of diverse age, gender, culture, and academic disciplines addressing different research questions work together in a common space. Hierarchy assignments use senior students as primary mentors, but foster work at parallel levels that require sharing and developing knowledge and research resources. The activities have resulted in a significant increase in the number of diverse students in science and engineering areas related to the environment.

Padilla, I. Y.; Hwang, S.

2007-12-01

317

Concussion: key stakeholders and multidisciplinary participation in making sports safe.  

PubMed

As unstructured play declines, organized sports leagues have become a highly popular form of physical activity in young people. As concussive injuries are garnering increased media attention and public awareness, there is a growing concern for athlete safety. Although athletic trainers and physicians play a large role in keeping athletes healthy and safe, this article investigates nontraditional, multidisciplinary teams that are involved in promoting athlete safety, including the role of equipment makers, coaches, referees, governing bodies of sport, lawmakers, and fans. As opposed to a focus on diagnosing or managing concussive injuries, this article seeks to promote injury prevention strategies. PMID:25232875

Guskiewicz, Kevin; Teel, Elizabeth; McCrea, Michael

2014-10-01

318

Physics Education in a Multidisciplinary Materials Research Environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The MINT Center, an NSF Materials Research Science and Engineering Center, is a multidisciplinary research program focusing on materials information storage. It involves 17 faculty, 10 post-doctoral fellows and 25 graduate students from six academic programs including Physics, Chemistry, Materials Science, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Electric al Engineering and Chemical Engineering, whose research is supported by university, federal and industrial funds. The research facilities (15,000 ft^2) which include faculty and student offices are located in one building and are maintained by the university and the Center at no cost to participating faculty. The academic requirements for the students are determined by the individual departments along relatively rigid, traditional grounds although several materials and device courses are offered for students from all departments. Within the Center, participants work in teams assigning responsibilities and sharing results at regularly scheduled meetings. Bi-weekly research seminars for all participants provide excellent opportunities for students to improve their communication skills and to receive critical input from a large, diverse audience. Strong collaboration with industrial partners in the storage industry supported by workshops, research reviews, internships, industrial visitors and participation in industry consortia give students a broader criteria for self-evaluation, higher motivation and excellent career opportunities. Physics students, because of their rigorous basic training, are an important element in a strong materials sciences program, but they often are deficient in the behavior and characterization of real materials. The curriculum for physics students should be broadened to prepare them fully for a rewarding career in this emerging discipline.

Doyle, W. D.

1997-03-01

319

[The multidisciplinary practice guideline 'The responsible use of biologicals'  

Microsoft Academic Search

- A multidisciplinary working group has developed a practice guideline containing various recommendations on the responsible and efficient use of biologicals.- These biologicals include both soluble immune-receptor proteins and monoclonal antibodies that are aimed at immune mediators, receptors or cells. They are produced by biotechnology.- Biologicals are used to treat patients with immune-mediated inflammatory disorders (IMIDs) such as rheumatoid arthritis

J. W. J. Bijlsma; J. W. Hagemeijer; M. van der Bijl; T. L. Th. A. Jansen; M. A. van der Laar; R. B. Landewe; M. T. Nurmohamed

2011-01-01

320

Leader values for constructive controversy and team effectiveness in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leading teams effectively is a challenge for organizations in many countries. This study proposes that leaders who value people, productivity, and participation help teams work effectively and productively by encouraging team members to discuss their diverse views open-mindedly. Working in diverse organizations in India, team leaders indicated their participation, people, and productivity values and team members rated their constructive controversy

Deepti Bhatnagar; Dean Tjosvold

2012-01-01

321

Leader values for constructive controversy and team effectiveness in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leading teams effectively is a challenge for organizations in many countries. This study proposes that leaders who value people, productivity, and participation help teams work effectively and productively by encouraging team members to discuss their diverse views open-mindedly. Working in diverse organizations in India, team leaders indicated their participation, people, and productivity values and team members rated their constructive controversy

Deepti Bhatnagar; Dean Tjosvold

2011-01-01

322

Multidisciplinary approach for patients with esophageal cancer  

PubMed Central

Patients with esophageal cancer have a poor prognosis because they often have no symptoms until their disease is advanced. There are no screening recommendations for patients unless they have Barrett’s esophagitis or a significant family history of this disease. Often, esophageal cancer is not diagnosed until patients present with dysphagia, odynophagia, anemia or weight loss. When symptoms occur, the stage is often stage III or greater. Treatment of patients with very early stage disease is fairly straight forward using only local treatment with surgical resection or endoscopic mucosal resection. The treatment of patients who have locally advanced esophageal cancer is more complex and controversial. Despite multiple trials, treatment recommendations are still unclear due to conflicting data. Sadly, much of our data is difficult to interpret due to many of the trials done have included very heterogeneous groups of patients both histologically as well as anatomically. Additionally, studies have been underpowered or stopped early due to poor accrual. In the United States, concurrent chemoradiotherapy prior to surgical resection has been accepted by many as standard of care in the locally advanced patient. Patients who have metastatic disease are treated palliatively. The aim of this article is to describe the multidisciplinary approach used by an established team at a single high volume center for esophageal cancer, and to review the literature which guides our treatment recommendations. PMID:23239911

Villaflor, Victoria M; Allaix, Marco E; Minsky, Bruce; Herbella, Fernando A; Patti, Marco G

2012-01-01

323

Arthrogryposis in infancy, multidisciplinary approach: case report  

PubMed Central

Background Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita is an etiopathogenetically heterogeneous disorder characterised by non-progressive multiple intra-articular contractures, which can be recognised at birth. The frequency is estimated at 1 in 3,000 newborns. Etiopathogenesis of arthrogryposis is multifactorial. Case presentation We report first 26 weeks of life of a boy with severe arthrogryposis. Owing to the integrated rehabilitation approach and orthopaedic treatment a visible improvement in the range of motion as well as the functionality of the child was achieved. This article proposes a cooperation of various specialists: paediatrician, orthopaedist, specialist of medical rehabilitation and physiotherapist. Conclusions Rehabilitation of a child with arthrogryposis should be early, comprehensive and multidisciplinary. Corrective treatment of knee and hip joints in infants with arthrogryposis should be preceded by the ultrasound control. There are no reports in the literature on the ultrasound imaging techniques which can be used prior to the planned orthopaedic and rehabilitative treatment in infants with arthrogryposis. The experience of our team indicates that such an approach allows to minimise the diagnostic errors and to maintain an effective treatment without the risk of joint destabilisation. PMID:24215600

2013-01-01

324

Blog - Team Science Toolkit  

Cancer.gov

Addressing complex societal challenges, such as climate change or the diabetes pandemic, requires bringing together different types of knowledge from disparate academic disciplines and societal stakeholders (Stirling, 2007). There is evidence to suggest that scientific teams and organizations with diverse types of expertise are more capable of solving complex problems than experts working individually in narrow areas of expertise (Page, 2007).

325

Development and Implementation of a Junior-Year Design Course in a Multidisciplinary Environment Along with Media Art and Marketing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Contemporary thought in engineering education is to provide the students with as much hands-on, real world experience as possible. Students are expected to hit the ground running in the work force immediately after their graduation and be savvy in many divergent skills such as teamwork, communication, project, people and business management. ABET (Accreditation Board of Engineering and Technology) has included the multidisciplinary team experience as one of the assessable outcomes for students enrolled in any accredited engineering program. Social commentators have highlighted the need for businesses to succeed in a global environment and as such the education system must attempt to create engineers with global perspectives. There are several solutions to achieve this objective such as internships, co-op programs, student exchange programs, laboratory-intensive classes and the ever-popular Capstone Senior Design Project. This last and the most important topic of integrated design has been reviewed and discussed extensively in literature and engineering education conferences. There is considerable variability in the scope; breadth and depth of these capstone projects, the team size and composition and the time, and sponsors and budget for the projects. Some of these projects are fairly involved requiring budgets of up to $40,000 while some projects require graduate students as an integral part of the design team. One common theme in most of these projects is that the courses are designed for senior students enrolled mainly in engineering and other disciplines. While these projects are multidisciplinary, synchronization of course syllabi across the disciplines was not made.

Jones, Cathleen; Manohar, Priyadarshan; Radermacher, Jon

2009-07-16

326

Structuring a Project Management Course to Develop Team Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There is no escaping it. Working in industry requires working in teams. The industries hiring our graduates recognize this. TAC of ABET Criterion 2e requires it, stating graduates need an ability to function effectively on teams. How do we, as teachers, go about ensuring that our students learn how to work effectively on teams? How do we go about teaching them team work and team management skills? The traditional approach to developing team work and team management skills involves assigning students randomly to teams, giving them a project to work on, and expecting them to somehow magically learn to work effectively on teams. This they'll learn about teamwork if they work on teams approach fails to give students adequate preparation and insight into team work and team management skills. It doesn't work. Surveys of students reveal that they do not feel they knew how to effectively work on teams or how to be a team leader. This sentiment was echoed by respondents to last years project management survey. To effectively prepare students to work on teams, coordinated teambuilding and leadership skills training is needed. Beginning with a discussion of necessary project management and team skills, this paper will describe how to structure a project course to include techniques and exercises specifically designed to develop teamwork and team management skills and the benefits they provide.

Edmonson, Charlie P.; Summers, Donna

2012-04-05

327

Working Together To Become Proficient Readers. Early Impact of the Talent Development Middle School's Student Team Literature Program. Report No. 15.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Talent Development Model of Middle School Reform includes a "Student Team Literature" (STL) program that relies on: (1) curricular materials designed to assist students to study great literature; (2) recommended instructional practices, peer assistance processes, and assessments; and (3) staff development, mentoring, and advising to support…

Mac Iver, Douglas J.; Plank, Stephen B.; Balfanz, Robert

328

[Multidisciplinary treatment of airway obstruction].  

PubMed

The airway obstruction may be for many diseases. In some cases is for malignant pathology and other cases for benign pathology. The etiology of malignant pathology may be for bronchogenic carcinoma, metastatic tumours, trachea primary tumours and larynx. The benign pathology may be for late obstruction post-tracheostomy and granulomas at many infections diseases. In this cases the most important etiology is Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The early diagnosis and the intervention of multidisciplinary group, with the participation at otorrinolaringologies, bronchoscopist, neck surgeons, chest surgeons, and radioterapeuts, can result in a best life quality and resolve the airway obstruction. PMID:12404726

Navarro-Reynoso, Francisco P; García-Sainz, Mauricio; Peña-Garcia, Juan Francisco; Cicero-Sabido, Raúl; Ibarra-Pérez, Carlos

2002-01-01

329

Academic College of Emergency Experts in India's INDO-US Joint Working Group and OPUS12 Foundation Consensus Statement on Creating A Coordinated, Multi-Disciplinary, Patient-Centered, Global Point-of-Care Biomarker Discovery Network  

PubMed Central

Biomarker science brings great promise to clinical medicine. This is especially true in the era of technology miniaturization, rapid dissemination of knowledge, and point-of-care (POC) implementation of novel diagnostics. Despite this tremendous progress, the journey from a candidate biomarker to a scientifically validated biomarker continues to be an arduous one. In addition to substantial financial resources, biomarker research requires considerable expertise and a multidisciplinary approach. Investigational designs must also be taken into account, with the randomized controlled trial remaining the “gold standard”. The authors present a condensed overview of biomarker science and associated investigational methods, followed by specific examples from clinical areas where biomarker development and/or implementation resulted in tangible enhancements in patient care. This manuscript also serves as a call to arms for the establishment of a truly global, well-coordinated infrastructure dedicated to biomarker research and development, with focus on delivery of the latest discoveries directly to the patient via point-of-care technology. PMID:25337481

Stawicki, Stanislaw P.; Stoltzfus, Jill C.; Aggarwal, Praveen; Bhoi, Sanjeev; Bhatt, Shashi; Kalra, O. P.; Bhalla, Ashish; Hoey, Brian A.; Galwankar, Sagar C.; Paladino, Lorenzo; Papadimos, Thomas J.

2014-01-01

330

Academic College of Emergency Experts in India's INDO-US Joint Working Group and OPUS12 Foundation Consensus Statement on Creating A Coordinated, Multi-Disciplinary, Patient-Centered, Global Point-of-Care Biomarker Discovery Network.  

PubMed

Biomarker science brings great promise to clinical medicine. This is especially true in the era of technology miniaturization, rapid dissemination of knowledge, and point-of-care (POC) implementation of novel diagnostics. Despite this tremendous progress, the journey from a candidate biomarker to a scientifically validated biomarker continues to be an arduous one. In addition to substantial financial resources, biomarker research requires considerable expertise and a multidisciplinary approach. Investigational designs must also be taken into account, with the randomized controlled trial remaining the "gold standard". The authors present a condensed overview of biomarker science and associated investigational methods, followed by specific examples from clinical areas where biomarker development and/or implementation resulted in tangible enhancements in patient care. This manuscript also serves as a call to arms for the establishment of a truly global, well-coordinated infrastructure dedicated to biomarker research and development, with focus on delivery of the latest discoveries directly to the patient via point-of-care technology. PMID:25337481

Stawicki, Stanislaw P; Stoltzfus, Jill C; Aggarwal, Praveen; Bhoi, Sanjeev; Bhatt, Shashi; Kalra, O P; Bhalla, Ashish; Hoey, Brian A; Galwankar, Sagar C; Paladino, Lorenzo; Papadimos, Thomas J

2014-07-01

331

Predicting Organizational Orientation toward Teams.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Questionnaire data from 81 managers and 364 employees identified five factors predicting high team orientation in organizations: relationships with management, innovation, control of work by immediate supervisors, group cohesiveness, and open group process. (SK)

Russ-Eft, Darlene

1993-01-01

332

BARREL Team Launching 20 Balloons  

NASA Video Gallery

A movie made by the NASA-Funded Balloon Array for Radiation belt Relativistic Electron Losses, or BARREL, team on their work launching 20 balloons in Antarctica during the Dec. 2013/Jan. 2014 campa...

333

Team Identity and Performance-based Compensation Effects on Performance  

E-print Network

This study investigates whether team members work harder and perform better when they are compensated based on both team and individual performance than when compensated based on team or individual performance alone and whether teammates...

Blazovich, Janell L.

2010-01-16

334

Cammp Team  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The International Space Station (ISS) Configuration Analysis Modeling and Mass Properties (CAMMP) Team is presenting a demo of certain CAMMP capabilities at a Booz Allen Hamilton conference in San Antonio. The team will be showing pictures of low fidelity, simplified ISS models, but no dimensions or technical data. The presentation will include a brief description of the contract and task, description and picture of the Topology, description of Generic Ground Rules and Constraints (GGR&C), description of Stage Analysis with constraints applied, and wrap up with description of other tasks such as Special Studies, Cable Routing, etc. The models include conceptual Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV) and Lunar Lander images and animations created for promotional purposes, which are based entirely on public domain conceptual images from public NASA web sites and publicly available magazine articles and are not based on any actual designs, measurements, or 3D models. Conceptual Mars rover and lander are completely conceptual and are not based on any NASA designs or data. The demonstration includes High Fidelity Computer Aided Design (CAD) models of ISS provided by the ISS 3D CAD Team which will be used in a visual display to demonstrate the capabilities of the Teamcenter Visualization software. The demonstration will include 3D views of the CAD models including random measurements that will be taken to demonstrate the measurement tool. A 3D PDF file will be demonstrated of the Blue Book fidelity assembly complete model with no vehicles attached. The 3D zoom and rotation will be displayed as well as random measurements from the measurement tool. The External Configuration Analysis and Tracking Tool (ExCATT) Microsoft Access Database will be demonstrated to show its capabilities to organize and track hardware on ISS. The data included will be part numbers, serial numbers, historical, current, and future locations, of external hardware components on station. It includes dates of all external ISS events and flights and the associated hardware changes for each event. The hardware location information does not always reveal the exact location of the hardware, only the general location. In some cases the location is a module or carrier, in other cases it is a WIF socket, handrail, or attach point. Only small portions of the data will be displayed for demonstration purposes.

Evertt, Shonn F.; Collins, Michael; Hahn, William

2008-01-01

335

Project Team Participants Summary  

E-print Network

Project Team Participants Summary November, 2013 37 Project Teams in 5 Themes Brain & Society--5 project teams Information, Society & Culture--7 project teams (1 co-sponsored by Education & Human Development) Global Health--7 project teams Education & Human Development--12 project teams (1 co

Ferrari, Silvia

336

Multi-disciplinary optimization of aeroservoelastic systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of the research project was to continue the development of new methods for efficient aeroservoelastic analysis and optimization. The main targets were as follows: to complete the development of analytical tools for the investigation of flutter with large stiffness changes; to continue the work on efficient continuous gust response and sensitivity derivatives; and to advance the techniques of calculating dynamic loads with control and unsteady aerodynamic effects. An efficient and highly accurate mathematical model for time-domain analysis of flutter during which large structural changes occur was developed in cooperation with Carol D. Wieseman of NASA LaRC. The model was based on the second-year work 'Modal Coordinates for Aeroelastic Analysis with Large Local Structural Variations'. The work on continuous gust response was completed. An abstract of the paper 'Continuous Gust Response and Sensitivity Derivatives Using State-Space Models' was submitted for presentation in the 33rd Israel Annual Conference on Aviation and Astronautics, Feb. 1993. The abstract is given in Appendix A. The work extends the optimization model to deal with continuous gust objectives in a way that facilitates their inclusion in the efficient multi-disciplinary optimization scheme. Currently under development is a work designed to extend the analysis and optimization capabilities to loads and stress considerations. The work is on aircraft dynamic loads in response to impulsive and non-impulsive excitation. The work extends the formulations of the mode-displacement and summation-of-forces methods to include modes with significant local distortions, and load modes. An abstract of the paper,'Structural Dynamic Loads in Response to Impulsive Excitation' is given in appendix B. Another work performed this year under the Grant was 'Size-Reduction Techniques for the Determination of Efficient Aeroservoelastic Models' given in Appendix C.

Karpel, Mardechay

1992-11-01

337

Multi-disciplinary optimization of aeroservoelastic systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of the research project was to continue the development of new methods for efficient aeroservoelastic analysis and optimization. The main targets were as follows: to complete the development of analytical tools for the investigation of flutter with large stiffness changes; to continue the work on efficient continuous gust response and sensitivity derivatives; and to advance the techniques of calculating dynamic loads with control and unsteady aerodynamic effects. An efficient and highly accurate mathematical model for time-domain analysis of flutter during which large structural changes occur was developed in cooperation with Carol D. Wieseman of NASA LaRC. The model was based on the second-year work 'Modal Coordinates for Aeroelastic Analysis with Large Local Structural Variations'. The work on continuous gust response was completed. An abstract of the paper 'Continuous Gust Response and Sensitivity Derivatives Using State-Space Models' was submitted for presentation in the 33rd Israel Annual Conference on Aviation and Astronautics, Feb. 1993. The abstract is given in Appendix A. The work extends the optimization model to deal with continuous gust objectives in a way that facilitates their inclusion in the efficient multi-disciplinary optimization scheme. Currently under development is a work designed to extend the analysis and optimization capabilities to loads and stress considerations. The work is on aircraft dynamic loads in response to impulsive and non-impulsive excitation. The work extends the formulations of the mode-displacement and summation-of-forces methods to include modes with significant local distortions, and load modes. An abstract of the paper,'Structural Dynamic Loads in Response to Impulsive Excitation' is given in appendix B. Another work performed this year under the Grant was 'Size-Reduction Techniques for the Determination of Efficient Aeroservoelastic Models' given in Appendix C.

Karpel, Mardechay

1992-01-01

338

Breast cancer teams: the impact of constitution, new cancer workload, and methods of operation on their effectiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

National guidance and clinical guidelines recommended multidisciplinary teams (MDTs) for cancer services in order to bring specialists in relevant disciplines together, ensure clinical decisions are fully informed, and to coordinate care effectively. However, the effectiveness of cancer teams was not previously evaluated systematically. A random sample of 72 breast cancer teams in England was studied (548 members in six core

R Haward; Z Amir; C Borrill; J Dawson; J Scully; R Sainsbury

2003-01-01

339

Professionals’ views on interprofessional stroke team functioning  

PubMed Central

Introduction The quality of integrated stroke care depends on smooth team functioning but professionals may not always work well together. Professionals’ perspectives on the factors that influence stroke team functioning remain largely unexamined. Understanding their experiences is critical to indentifying measures to improve team functioning. The aim of this study was to identify the factors that contributed to the success of interprofessional stroke teams as perceived by team members. Methods We distributed questionnaires to professionals within 34 integrated stroke care teams at various health care facilities in 9 Dutch regions. 558 respondents (response rate: 39%) completed the questionnaire. To account for the hierarchical structure of the study design we fitted a hierarchical random-effects model. The hierarchical structure comprised 558 stroke team members (level 1) nested in 34 teams (level 2). Results Analyses showed that personal development, social well-being, interprofessional education, communication, and role understanding significantly contributed to stroke team functioning. Team-level constructs affecting interprofessional stroke team functioning were communication and role understanding. No significant relationships were found with individual-level personal autonomy and team-level cohesion. Discussion and conclusion Our findings suggest that interventions to improve team members’ social well-being, communication, and role understanding will improve teams’ performance. To further advance interprofessional team functioning, healthcare organizations should pay attention to developing professionals’ interpersonal skills and interprofessional education. PMID:23390409

Cramm, Jane M; Nieboer, Anna P

2011-01-01

340

Sounds like Team Spirit  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

I recently accompanied my son Dan to one of his guitar lessons. As I sat in a separate room, I focused on the music he was playing and the beautiful, robust sound that comes from a well-played guitar. Later that night, I woke up around 3 am. I tend to have my best thoughts at this hour. The trouble is I usually roll over and fall back asleep. This time I was still awake an hour later, so I got up and jotted some notes down in my study. I was thinking about the pure, honest sound of a well-played instrument. From there my mind wandered into the realm of high-performance teams and successful projects. (I know this sounds weird, but this is the sort of thing I think about at 3 am. Maybe you have your own weird thoughts around that time.) Consider a team in relation to music. It seems to me that a crack team can achieve a beautiful, perfect unity in the same way that a band of brilliant musicians can when they're in harmony with one another. With more than a little satisfaction I have to admit, I started to think about the great work performed for you by the Knowledge Sharing team, including this magazine you are reading. Over the past two years I personally have received some of my greatest pleasures as the APPL Director from the Knowledge Sharing activities - the Masters Forums, NASA Center visits, ASK Magazine. The Knowledge Sharing team expresses such passion for their work, just like great musicians convey their passion in the music they play. In the case of Knowledge Sharing, there are many factors that have made this so enjoyable (and hopefully worthwhile for NASA). Three ingredients come to mind -- ingredients that have produced a signature sound. First, through the crazy, passionate playing of Alex Laufer, Michelle Collins, Denise Lee, and Todd Post, I always know that something startling and original is going to come out of their activities. This team has consistently done things that are unique and innovative. For me, best of all is that they are always trying to improve on what they've done before. Second, success in any endeavor stems from people who know how to interpret a composition to sound beautiful when played in a different style. For Knowledge Sharing to work, it must be adapted, reinterpreted, shaped and played with at the centers. In this regard, we've been blessed with another crazy, passionate, inspired artist named Claire Smith. Claire has turned Ames Research Center in California into APPL-west. She is so good and committed to what she does that I just refer people to her whenever they have questions about implementing project management development at the field level. Finally, any great effort requires talented people working behind the scenes, the people who formulate a business approach and know how to manage the money so that the music gets heard. I have known many brilliant and creative people with a ton of ideas that never take off due to an inability to work the business. Again, the Knowledge Sharing team has been fortunate to have competent and passionate people, specifically Tony Maturo and his procurement team at Goddard Space Flight Center, to make sure the process is in place to support the effort. This kind of support is every bit as crucial as the activity itself, and the efforts and creativity that go into successful procurement and contracting is a vital ingredient of this successful team.

Hoffman, Edward

2002-01-01

341

Breast cancer: Multidisciplinary care and clinical outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

A multidisciplinary approach to the management of breast cancer is the standard of care in developed health systems. We performed a systematic review to assess the extent and quality of evidence on whether multidisciplinary care (MDC), or related aspects of care contribute to clinical outcomes in breast cancer, and in particular whether these influence survival. Only two primary studies have

Nehmat Houssami; Richard Sainsbury

2006-01-01

342

Spent Fuel Working Group report on inventory and storage of the Department`s spent nuclear fuel and other reactor irradiated nuclear materials and their environmental, safety and health vulnerabilities. Volume 2, Working Group Assessment Team reports; Vulnerability development forms; Working group documents  

SciTech Connect

The Secretary of Energy`s memorandum of August 19, 1993, established an initiative for a Department-wide assessment of the vulnerabilities of stored spent nuclear fuel and other reactor irradiated nuclear materials. A Project Plan to accomplish this study was issued on September 20, 1993 by US Department of Energy, Office of Environment, Health and Safety (EH) which established responsibilities for personnel essential to the study. The DOE Spent Fuel Working Group, which was formed for this purpose and produced the Project Plan, will manage the assessment and produce a report for the Secretary by November 20, 1993. This report was prepared by the Working Group Assessment Team assigned to the Hanford Site facilities. Results contained in this report will be reviewed, along with similar reports from all other selected DOE storage sites, by a working group review panel which will assemble the final summary report to the Secretary on spent nuclear fuel storage inventory and vulnerability.

Not Available

1993-11-01

343

Creating Effective Teams in a Classroom Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

For over a decade, companies have been concerned that new graduates are often not prepared to work in jobs where there they are required to contribute as a member of a team. In response, many educators have adopted team-based learning pedagogies, often referred to as cooperative learning. The use of teams has created additional class management issues and added to

Kathryn A. S. Lancaster; Cyndi A. Crother

2003-01-01

344

Common Factors of High Performance Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilization of work teams is now wide spread in all types of organizations throughout the world. However, an understanding of the important factors common to high performance teams is rare. The purpose of this content analysis is to explore the literature and propose findings related to high performance teams. These include definition and types,…

Jackson, Bruce; Madsen, Susan R.

2005-01-01

345

Team-Skills Training Enhances Collaborative Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effects of team-skills training on collaborative learning in a university setting. Groups worked under one of three conditions: (1) groups received team-skill training as a group and remained in that group (Trained-Together), (2) groups received team-skills training, but were then reassigned into new groups…

Prichard, Jane S.; Stratford, Robert J.; Bizo, Lewis A.

2006-01-01

346

Uncovering the reality within virtual software teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

To support software development globalisation, organisations are increasingly implementing virtual team strategies. However, these teams have to work within the confines of the factors which distance introduces, thus not always allowing effective coordination, visibility, communication and cooperation to take place. The successful implementation and management of such teams must be done differently to those at single-site locations. To establish what

Valentine Casey; Ita Richardson

2006-01-01

347

The incidence of Parkinson's disease in a Bedford Community "Adult Working Age" Mental Health Team and its relationship with the use of atypical antipsychotics: an audit and description of current practice.  

PubMed

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative condition of aging, however it is only seen infrequently in an Adult 'Working Age' Community Mental Health Team. When it presents, it presents in a number of different situations, but, since antipsychotics may often cause extrapyramidal side effects, there is often the concern that iatrogenic parkinsonism may occur. Here we describe a number of different patients presenting in a CMHT who have been assessed and investigated for Parkinson's disease. In many of these medication for Parkinson's disease was started. Often the patients need to stay on an atypical antipsychotic because of the mental health symptoms which they present. We assess present practice in the team, and make recommendations. PMID:23995193

Holt, Clare; Agius, Mark

2013-09-01

348

The “I” in Team: Coach Incivility, Coach Sex, and Team Performance in Female Basketball Teams  

E-print Network

on team outcomes. The team emergent states of team satisfaction, team cohesion, and team commitment were tested as mediators between team leader incivility and team performance. Additionally, leader sex was examined as a moderator to the incivility...

Smittick, Amber Leola

2012-10-19

349

Product design team interactions and peer feedback as indicators of team success  

E-print Network

Teams have become ubiquitous. They are used at all levels of academia, government, and industry, and their use spans all sectors and fields. Much work has been done on the factors that affect a team's performance and how ...

Maouyo, Stephen Jojimbai

2014-01-01

350

Teams Talking Trials: Results of an RCT to improve the communication of cancer teams about treatment trials. | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Cancer.gov

A randomized trial was conducted to assess the effectiveness of a Teams Talking Trials Workshop in increasing clinical trials awareness, involvement, communication, and recruitment. Members of 22 multidisciplinary cancer teams in Wales, UK, participated in workshops and were surveyed pre- and post-intervention about trial-related awareness; attitudes toward trial management and recruitment; involvement in trials; and perceptions about the level of trial involvement within their teams.

351

Multidisciplinary research of geothermal modeling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

KEYWORDS Geothermal sciences, geothermics, research, theory and application, numerical calculation, geothermal modeling, Technical University Darmstadt, Ministry of Economics and Technology (BMWi) INTRODUCTION In times of global warming renewable, green energies are getting more and more important. The development of application of geothermal energy as a part of renewable energies in Germany is a multidisciplinary process of fast growing research and improvements. Geothermal energy is the energy, which is stored below earth's surface. The word geothermal derives from the Greek words geo (earth) and thermos (heat), so geothermal is a synonym to earth heat. Geothermal energy is one of the auspicious renewable energies. In average the temperature increases 3°C every 100 m of depth, which is termed as geothermal gradient. Therefore 99 percent of our planet is hotter than 1.000°C, while 99 percent of that last percent is even hotter than 100°C. Already in a depth of about 1 kilometer temperatures of 35 - 40°C can be achieved. While other renewable energies arise less or more from the sun, geothermal energy sources its heat from the earth's interior, which is caused mostly by radioactive decay of persistent isotopes. This means a possibility of a base-loadable form of energy supply. Especially efficient is the use of deep geothermal energy of high-enthalpie reservoirs, which means a high energy potential in low depths. In Germany no high-enthalpie reservoirs are given. To use the given low-enthalpie potential and to generate geothermal power efficiently inventions and improvements need to be performed. An important part of geothermal progresses is performed by universities with multidisciplinary research of geothermal modeling. Especially in deep geothermal systems numerical calculations are essential for a correct dimensioning of the geothermal system. Therefore German universities and state aided organizations are developing numerical programs for a detailed use of application on geothermal systems. The history of this multidisciplinary research of geothermal modeling performed by German universities is shown in this paper. Outstanding geothermal research programs of German universities and state aided organizations (BGR, LBEG, GGA) are pointed out. Actual geothermal modeling programs based on the Finite-Element-Method or the Finite-Differences-Method as well as analytical programs are introduced. National and international geothermal projects supported by German universities and state aided organizations are described. Examples of supervised shallow and deep geothermal systems are given. Actually the Technical University Darmstadt is performing a research program supported by a national organization, the Ministry of Economics and Technology (BMWi). Main aim of this research program titled experimental investigation for the verification of a Finite-Element-Multiphase-Model is to analyze the subsoil as a three-phases-model with separated consideration of conduction, convection and advection and their subsequent interaction. The latest developments of numerical projects as well as the actual state of the before mentioned research program are pointed out in the paper. REFERENCES Quick, H., Arslan, U., Meißner, S., Michael, J. 2007. Deep foundations and geothermal energy - a multi-purpose solution, IFHS: 8. International conference on multi-purpose high-rise towers and tall buildings, Abu Dhabi, 2007 Arslan, U. and Huber, H. 2008. Application of geothermal energy. University of Istanbul, Yapistanbul No. 3 / 2008, Turkey, 2008 Quick, Q., Michael, J., Arslan, U., Huber, H. 2010. History of International Geothermal Power Plants and Geothermal Projects in Germany, Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2010 Bali, Indonesia, 25-29 April 2010 Arslan, U., Huber, H. 2010. Education of Geothermal Sciences in Germany as part of an application orientated research, Proceedings European Civil Engineering Education and Training (EUCEET III) Special Volume, 2010

-Ing. Ulvi Arslan, Univ., ., Dr. _., Prof.; Heiko Huber, Dipl.-Ing.

2010-05-01

352

The Early Nutrition Programming Project (EARNEST): 5 y of successful multidisciplinary collaborative research.  

PubMed

Differences in nutritional experiences during sensitive periods in early life, both before and after birth, can program a person's future development, metabolism, and health. A better scientific understanding of early nutrition programming holds enormous potential for implementing preventive strategies to enhance individuals' long-term health, well-being, and performance. This understanding could reduce costs of health care and social services and may enhance the wealth of societies. The Early Nutrition Programming Project (EARNEST) brought together a multidisciplinary team of international scientists and leaders in key areas of the early nutrition programming field from 40 major research centers across 16 European countries. The project had a total budget of 16.5 million Euros and was funded by the European Communities under the Sixth Framework Program for Research and Technical Development and coordinated by the Children's Hospital at Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich. The integrated program of work combined experimental studies in humans, prospective observational studies, and mechanistic animal work, including physiologic studies, cell culture models, and molecular biology techniques. The project lasted from April 2005 to October 2010. After the end of the project, the Early Nutrition Academy (http://www.early-nutrition.org) continues to serve as a platform for the exchange of information, scientific collaboration, and training activities in the area of programming. This article highlights some of the scientific results, achievements, and efforts of EARNEST. PMID:21974891

Koletzko, Berthold; Brands, Brigitte; Demmelmair, Hans

2011-12-01

353

The roles of health care teams in care of the elderly.  

PubMed

In this brief overview of the issues relating to health care teams in geriatric care, some advantages of multidisciplinary team care versus care by an individual practitioner are outlined. An examination of barriers to teamwork and strategies to overcome them follows. Finally, a Canadian program in which medical students and family practice residents participated in interdisciplinary teamwork is described. PMID:1537446

Robertson, D

1992-02-01

354

Blog - Team Science Toolkit  

Cancer.gov

The Team Science Toolkit is a dynamic, interactive website to support team science and the Science of Team Science (SciTS) field. The Toolkit provides resources for investigators who are using team science approaches, as well as scholars and evaluators who are studying or evaluating the processes and outcomes of team science.

355

Multidisciplinary approaches to intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.  

PubMed

After hepatocellular carcinoma, intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is the second most common primary hepatic malignancy. The etiology of ICC in most patients is not known, but its incidence is on the rise worldwide. There are 3 morphologic subtypes of ICC that can be characterized on cross-sectional imaging, mass forming, periductal infiltrating, and intraductal growth; and the radiographic characteristics of ICC may vary based on the subtype. Complete surgical resection remains the only potentially curative option for patients with ICC. Routine lymphadenectomy at the time of surgical resection should be strongly considered, because lymph node status provides important prognostic information. After surgery, the 5-year survival rate for ICC remains poor at only 25% to 35% in most series. Although numerous clinical trials have been conducted using a variety of chemotherapy regimens to treat ICC, systemic options for ICC remain limited. Doublet gemcitabine and cisplatin therapy is currently considered the standard-of-care first-line therapy for patients with advanced disease. Because ICC is typically confined to the liver and systemic chemotherapy traditionally has had only limited efficacy, there has been increasing interest in locoregional therapy. Although locoregional therapy may include intra-arterial therapies, stereotactic radiotherapy, hepatic artery pump therapy, or ablation, most data are limited. The purpose of this article was to provide a multidisciplinary appraisal of the current therapeutic approaches to ICC. PMID:23963845

Maithel, Shishir K; Gamblin, T Clark; Kamel, Ihab; Corona-Villalobos, Celia Pamela; Thomas, Melanie; Pawlik, Timothy M

2013-11-15

356

Working  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A new special section in the New York Times, Working, features articles on the American worker. For example, the current issue contains stories on the contrast between the recent trend in layoffs and employers's complaints that they are unable to fill job openings; what is "retaining and motivating...the American worker"; and the shortage of qualified legal talent. The site also offers a great deal of career and job advice such as an article on non-traditional jobs, job forecasts, and office design. Interviews include an audio piece with Robert B. Reich, the former US Secretary of Labor. And of course, what would a newspaper section on work be without a link to the Dilbert comic strip?

357

Team Orientations, Interpersonal Relations, and Team Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contradictions in post research on the concepts of "cohesiveness" and team success seem to arise from the ways in which cohesiveness is measured and the nature of the teams investigated in each study. (MB)

Nixon, Howard L.

1976-01-01

358

Farm Team.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a Philadelphia high school in which urban students study agricultural sciences to prepare for college and careers. The campus has a complete working farm, and students are exposed to a wide range of agricultural career opportunities while also studying core academic subjects. The school's farm units are real businesses, so students are…

Gordon, Debra

2001-01-01

359

A Multidisciplinary Teamwork Training Program: The Triad for Optimal Patient Safety (TOPS) Experience  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION Communication and teamwork failures are a common cause of adverse events. Residency programs, with a mandate to teach systems-based practice, are particularly challenged to address these important skills. AIM To develop a multidisciplinary teamwork training program focused on teaching teamwork behaviors and communication skills. SETTING Internal medicine residents, hospitalists, nurses, pharmacists, and all other staff on a designated inpatient medical unit at an academic medical center. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION We developed a 4-h teamwork training program as part of the Triad for Optimal Patient Safety (TOPS) project. Teaching strategies combined didactic presentation, facilitated discussion using a safety trigger video, and small-group scenario-based exercises to practice effective communication skills and team behaviors. Development, planning, implementation, delivery, and evaluation of TOPS Training was conducted by a multidisciplinary team. PROGRAM EVALUATION We received 203 evaluations with a mean overall rating for the training of 4.49?±?0.79 on a 1–5 scale. Participants rated the multidisciplinary educational setting highly at 4.59?±?0.68. DISCUSSION We developed a multidisciplinary teamwork training program that was highly rated by all participating disciplines. The key was creating a shared forum to learn about and discuss interdisciplinary communication and teamwork. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s11606-008-0793-8) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users. PMID:18830769

Fox, Michael; Vidyarthi, Arpana R.; Sharpe, Bradley A.; Gearhart, Susan; Bookwalter, Thomas; Barker, Jack; Alldredge, Brian K.; Blegen, Mary A.; Wachter, Robert M.

2008-01-01

360

Studying Team Science - Team Science Toolkit  

Cancer.gov

The science of team science (SciTS) is a rapidly emerging field focused on understanding and enhancing the processes and outcomes of team science. A key goal of SciTS is to learn more about factors that maximize the efficiency, productivity, and effectiveness of team science initiatives.

361

Tiger Team Assessment of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the results of the Tiger Team Assessment of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) (including the Site 300 area), Livermore, California, conducted from February 26 to April 5, 1990. The purpose of the assessment was to provide the Secretary of Energy with the status of Environment, Safety and Health (E SH) Programs at LLNL. LLNL is operated by the University of California for the Department of Energy (DOE), and is a multi-program, mission-oriented institution engaged in fundamental and applied research programs that require a multidisciplinary approach. The Tiger Team Assessment was conducted by a team comprised of professionals from DOE, contractors, and consultants.

Not Available

1990-06-01

362

Work.  

PubMed

The very nature of work is changing because of rapid social change, a culture of abundance, and the ability to substitute information for equipment, inventory, and other material aspects of value creation. In America, we are experiencing an erosion of the concept of a "job," a dramatic shift to service and information as the basis for value added, market commercialism, and the importance of the self-managed career. In some of these areas, dentistry has been consistent with the patterns of innovation--even being a model in some cases. There are also areas where dentistry is moving in contrary directions. PMID:12602221

Chambers, David W

2002-01-01

363

Team Science Toolkit  

Cancer.gov

Team Science and Collaboration Practitioner. Consulting and advising for developing teams and institutions interested in participating in and supporting team science. Experience with bringing diverse groups together from various backgrounds and institutions to solve challenging scientific problems.

364

Deficiencies in provision of integrated multidisciplinary podiatry care for patients with inflammatory arthritis: A UK district general hospital experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundFoot problems are highly prevalent in inflammatory arthritis (IA), especially rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Chronic inflammation can lead to permanent structural changes, deformity and disability. Early podiatry intervention in RA improves long term outcomes. National guidelines recommend that patients should be treated by a multidisciplinary team with dedicated podiatry services. In clinical practice funding constraints limit availability of these services.

M. Juarez; E. Price; D. Collins; L. Williamson

2010-01-01

365

Referral of patients with neuromuscular disease to occupational therapy, physical therapy and speech therapy: usual practice versus multidisciplinary advice  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE To compare the volume of occupational therapy (OT), physical therapy (PT) and speech therapy (ST) as currently received by patients with neuromuscular diseases with the volume of OT, PT and ST recommended by a multidisciplinary team. METHOD: The use of OT, PT and ST was studied retrospectively and prospectively in a reference group (n = 106) receiving usual care

Edith H. C. Cup; Allan J. Pieterse; Simone Knuijt; Henk T. Hendricks; Baziel G. M. van Engelen; Rob A. B. Oostendorp; Gert-Jan van der Wilt

2007-01-01

366

Effects of a multidisciplinary management program on neurologically impaired patients with dysphagia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dysphagia is a major problem in patients with neurologic disorders. Aspiration pneumonia and impaired nutritional status are\\u000a consequences of dysphagia that result in high morbidity and mortality rates [1, 2]. Assessment and treatment of the dysphagic\\u000a patient by a multidisciplinary team have been advocated but to date the effects of such an approach have not been demonstrated\\u000a quantitatively. This prospective

1990-01-01

367

A Team Level Analysis Of Mergers: The Impact Of Restructuring And Managerial Support On Role Stressors And Work-Life Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mergers and acquisitions (M&A) may negatively impact employees’ work role experiences. When a merger occurs, typically positions are consolidated and work groups are restructured. These types of organizational restructuring may lead to higher workloads and changes in responsibilities and duties, likely leading to an increase in role ambiguity, role overload and role conflict. These stressors would be expected to influence

AndreassiJeanineK; Angela R. Grotto

2011-01-01

368

Multidisciplinary management--an opportunity for service integration.  

PubMed

The management team of the future will enter an environment requiring facilitation, participation, clinical, and empowerment skills. Those individuals who possess a clinical orientation as well as business expertise will be sought to manage multidisciplinary units. The rapid changes in the health-care environment have forced organizations to restructure their operations. To achieve quality care, customer satisfaction, cost-effectiveness, and efficiency, service integration across the organization will be required. As we approach the 21st century, this standard will evolve until "all levels are managing patient care." Some of the restructuring trends occurring in the health-care industry have been collaboration service integration, management consolidation, and job elimination. The emphasis for the multidisciplinary manager of the future will include integrating the professional and clinical services, managing information, building community partnerships, promoting physician collaboration, and managing the change process. A model organization in the next century will move toward a people-oriented system with inclusion and empowerment initiatives. Service integration will affect all organizations, but the disciplines within the Clinical Support System will be the most affected. Future opportunities of leadership will exist for pathologists, nurses, or medical technologists as the professional silos of managers and clinicians continue to crumble. PMID:10175172

Cameron, M

1997-01-01

369

From Multibody Dynamics to Multidisciplinary Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the increasing integration of mechanical, electrical and hydraulical components in advanced engineering systems, the\\u000a integrated analysis of coupled physical phenomena and coupled technical systems gets more and more important. The methods\\u000a and software tools of multibody dynamics are used successfully as integration platform for these multidisciplinary investigations.\\u000a The present paper summarizes some multidisciplinary applications in the context of multibody

Martin Arnold; Andreas Heckmann

370

Consequences of team charter quality: Teamwork mental model similarity and team viability in engineering design student teams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since 1996 ABET has mandated that undergraduate engineering degree granting institutions focus on learning outcomes such as professional skills (i.e. solving unstructured problems and working in teams). As a result, engineering curricula were restructured to include team based learning---including team charters. Team charters were diffused into engineering education as one of many instructional activities to meet the ABET accreditation mandates. However, the implementation and execution of team charters into engineering team based classes has been inconsistent and accepted without empirical evidence of the consequences. The purpose of the current study was to investigate team effectiveness, operationalized as team viability, as an outcome of team charter implementation in an undergraduate engineering team based design course. Two research questions were the focus of the study: a) What is the relationship between team charter quality and viability in engineering student teams, and b) What is the relationship among team charter quality, teamwork mental model similarity, and viability in engineering student teams? Thirty-eight intact teams, 23 treatment and 15 comparison, participated in the investigation. Treatment teams attended a team charter lecture, and completed a team charter homework assignment. Each team charter was assessed and assigned a quality score. Comparison teams did not join the lecture, and were not asked to create a team charter. All teams completed each data collection phase: a) similarity rating pretest; b) similarity posttest; and c) team viability survey. Findings indicate that team viability was higher in teams that attended the lecture and completed the charter assignment. Teams with higher quality team charter scores reported higher levels of team viability than teams with lower quality charter scores. Lastly, no evidence was found to support teamwork mental model similarity as a partial mediator of the team charter quality on team viability relationship. Foci for future research opportunities include using: a) online data collection methods to improve participant adherence to similarity rating instructions; b) story or narratives during pre- and posttest similarity rating data collection to create common levels of contextual perception; and c) support to ensure charters are integrated into the full project life cycle, not just a pre-project one time isolated activity. Twenty five sections, on average, of EDSGN 100 are taught each spring and fall semester. Consistent instructor expectations are set for the technical aspects of the course. However, ideas to foster team effectiveness are often left to the discretion of the individual instructor. Implementing empirically tested team effectiveness instructional activities would bring consistency to EDGSN 100 curriculum. Other instructional activities that would be of benefit to engineering educators include qualitative inquiry---asking intrateam process questions (at the mid-point of the project) and in-class reflection---dedicated time, post project, to discuss what went well/not well within the team.

Conway Hughston, Veronica

371

Clinical features and multidisciplinary approaches to dementia care  

PubMed Central

Dementia is a clinical syndrome of widespread progressive deterioration of cognitive abilities and normal daily functioning. These cognitive and behavioral impairments pose considerable challenges to individuals with dementia, along with their family members and caregivers. Four primary dementia classifications have been defined according to clinical and research criteria: 1) Alzheimer’s disease; 2) vascular dementias; 3) frontotemporal dementias; and 4) dementia with Lewy bodies/Parkinson’s disease dementia. The cumulative efforts of multidisciplinary healthcare teams have advanced our understanding of dementia beyond basic descriptions, towards a more complete elucidation of risk factors, clinical symptoms, and neuropathological correlates. The characterization of disease subtypes has facilitated targeted management strategies, advanced treatments, and symptomatic care for individuals affected by dementia. This review briefly summarizes the current state of knowledge and directions of dementia research and clinical practice. We provide a description of the risk factors, clinical presentation, and differential diagnosis of dementia. A summary of multidisciplinary team approaches to dementia care is outlined, including management strategies for the treatment of cognitive impairments, functional deficits, and behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. The needs of individuals with dementia are extensive, often requiring care beyond traditional bounds of medical practice, including pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic management interventions. Finally, advanced research on the early prodromal phase of dementia is reviewed, with a focus on change-point models, trajectories of cognitive change, and threshold models of pathological burden. Future research goals are outlined, with a call to action for social policy initiatives that promote preventive lifestyle behaviors, and healthcare programs that will support the growing number of individuals affected by dementia. PMID:21655340

Grand, Jacob HG; Caspar, Sienna; MacDonald, Stuart WS

2011-01-01

372

Augmenting team cognition in human-automation teams performing in complex operational environments.  

PubMed

There is a growing reliance on automation (e.g., intelligent agents, semi-autonomous robotic systems) to effectively execute increasingly cognitively complex tasks. Successful team performance for such tasks has become even more dependent on team cognition, addressing both human-human and human-automation teams. Team cognition can be viewed as the binding mechanism that produces coordinated behavior within experienced teams, emerging from the interplay between each team member's individual cognition and team process behaviors (e.g., coordination, communication). In order to better understand team cognition in human-automation teams, team performance models need to address issues surrounding the effect of human-agent and human-robot interaction on critical team processes such as coordination and communication. Toward this end, we present a preliminary theoretical framework illustrating how the design and implementation of automation technology may influence team cognition and team coordination in complex operational environments. Integrating constructs from organizational and cognitive science, our proposed framework outlines how information exchange and updating between humans and automation technology may affect lower-level (e.g., working memory) and higher-level (e.g., sense making) cognitive processes as well as teams' higher-order "metacognitive" processes (e.g., performance monitoring). Issues surrounding human-automation interaction are discussed and implications are presented within the context of designing automation technology to improve task performance in human-automation teams. PMID:17547306

Cuevas, Haydee M; Fiore, Stephen M; Caldwell, Barrett S; Strater, Laura

2007-05-01

373

The team role test: development and validation of a team role knowledge situational judgment test.  

PubMed

The main objectives in this research were to introduce the concept of team role knowledge and to investigate its potential usefulness for team member selection. In Study 1, the authors developed a situational judgment test, called the Team Role Test, to measure knowledge of 10 roles relevant to the team context. The criterion-related validity of this measure was examined in 2 additional studies. In a sample of academic project teams (N = 93), team role knowledge predicted team member role performance (r = .34). Role knowledge also provided incremental validity beyond mental ability and the Big Five personality factors in the prediction of role performance. The results of Study 2 revealed that the predictive validity of role knowledge generalizes to team members in a work setting (N = 82, r = .30). The implications of the results for selection in team environments are discussed. PMID:18361630

Mumford, Troy V; Van Iddekinge, Chad H; Morgeson, Frederick P; Campion, Michael A

2008-03-01

374

Tips from Teachers: Ideas that Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is designed to showcase effective correctional educational programs and teaching techniques, contains descriptions of five teaching tips submitted by practicing correctional educators. Described first is a multidisciplinary team approach whereby teams of nurses, psychiatrists, social workers, academic teachers, counselors, and…

Leader, Phil; And Others

1994-01-01

375

A Multidisciplinary Performance Analysis of a Lifting-Body Single-Stage-to-Orbit Vehicle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Lockheed Martin Skunk Works (LMSW) is currently developing a single-stage-to-orbit reusable launch vehicle called VentureStar(TM) A team at NASA Langley Research Center participated with LMSW in the screening and evaluation of a number of early VentureStar(TM) configurations. The performance analyses that supported these initial studies were conducted to assess the effect of a lifting body shape, linear aerospike engine and metallic thermal protection system (TPS) on the weight and performance of the vehicle. These performance studies were performed in a multidisciplinary fashion that indirectly linked the trajectory optimization with weight estimation and aerothermal analysis tools. This approach was necessary to develop optimized ascent and entry trajectories that met all vehicle design constraints. Significant improvements in ascent performance were achieved when the vehicle flew a lifting trajectory and varied the engine mixture ratio during flight. Also, a considerable reduction in empty weight was possible by adjusting the total oxidizer-to-fuel and liftoff thrust-to-weight ratios. However, the optimal ascent flight profile had to be altered to ensure that the vehicle could be trimmed in pitch using only the flow diverting capability of the aerospike engine. Likewise, the optimal entry trajectory had to be tailored to meet TPS heating rate and transition constraints while satisfying a crossrange requirement.

Tartabini, Paul V.; Lepsch, Roger A.; Korte, J. J.; Wurster, Kathryn E.

2000-01-01

376

Field measurement protocol for team communication: a study of medical rehabilitation team interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper is introducing an online communication behavior measurement protocol, developed for medical team work, especially for studying the medical rehabilitation teams on interdisciplinary meetings. The purpose of the research is to analyze the development and usage of shared mental models (SMM) through the communication in medical practice of interdisciplinary rehabilitation teams in order to identify the factors determining the

Balázs Péter Hámornik; Márta Juhász; Ildikó Vén

2010-01-01

377

Blended Spaces to Support Distributed Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Team work occurs in a wide variety of spaces - each of them being used in different ways and affording different activities. For example, a personal office space affords different types of collaboration activity than the informal area around the coffee machine or a formal meeting room. Teams that work closely together in collocated environments make use of many physical

Gregor McEwan; Kenton O

378

TeamXchange: A Team Project Experience Involving Virtual Teams and Fluid Team Membership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

TeamXchange, an online team-based exercise, is described. TeamXchange is consistent with the collaborative model of learning and provides a means of fostering enhanced student learning and engagement through collaboration in virtual teams experiencing periodic membership changes. It was administered in an undergraduate Organizational Behavior…

Dineen, Brian R.

2005-01-01

379

Assessing Team Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interdisciplinary middle school level teams capitalize on the idea that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. Administrators and team members can maximize the advantages of teamwork using team assessments to increase the benefits for students, teachers, and the school environment. Assessing team performance can lead to high performing…

Trimble, Susan; Rottier, Jerry

380

Sports Teams Extend Reach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unlike traditional high school athletic teams, Unified Sports teams are designed to immerse students with intellectual disabilities in a facet of school culture that has largely eluded them. Nationwide, more than 2,000 schools in 42 states have the teams, where the ideal is for about half the athletes on each team to be students with intellectual…

Shah, Nirvi

2012-01-01

381

When do bad apples not spoil the barrel? negative relationships in teams, team performance, and buffering mechanisms.  

PubMed

The study of negative relationships in teams has primarily focused on the impact of negative relationships on individual team member attitudes and performance in teams. The mechanisms and contingencies that can buffer against the damaging effects of negative relationships on team performance have received limited attention. Building on social interdependence theory and the multilevel model of team motivation, we examine in a sample of 73 work teams the team-level attributes that foster the promotive social interaction that can neutralize the adverse effect of negative relationships on team cohesion and, consequently, on team performance. The results indicate that high levels of team-member exchange as well as high task-interdependence attenuate how team cohesion and team performance suffer from negative relationships. Implications for research and practice are discussed. PMID:24661274

de Jong, Jeroen P; Cur?eu, Petru L; Leenders, Roger Th A J

2014-05-01

382

How does radical collocation help a team succeed?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Companies are experimenting with putting teams into warrooms, hoping for some productivity enhancement. We conducted a field study of six such teams, tracking their activity, attitudes, use of technology and productivity. Teams in these warrooms showed a doubling of productivity. Why? Among other things, teams had easy access to each other for both coordination of their work and for learning,

Stephanie Teasley; Lisa Covi; Mayuram S. Krishnan; Judith S. Olson

2000-01-01

383

Teams as a Learning Forum for Accounting Professionals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hierarchical regression and structural equation modeling of data from 440 accountants found that social interaction in work teams fosters individual, organizational, and team learning. Organizational and personal learning mediated the relationship between team social interaction processes and the attitudinal outcomes, but team learning did not.…

Kleinman, Gary; Siegel, Philip; Eckstein, Claire

2002-01-01

384

HowTheNorth Multidisciplinary  

E-print Network

, and then suggest ways to advance the work. One student looked at the correlation between violent video games, someone else studied autistic children's capacity for following gazes, and a future medical researcher

Wechsler, Risa H.

385

What influences patient decision-making in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis multidisciplinary care? A study of patient perspectives  

PubMed Central

Background Patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are required to make decisions concerning quality of life and symptom management over the course of their disease. Clinicians perceive that patients’ ability to engage in timely decision-making is extremely challenging. However, we lack patient perspectives on this issue. This study aimed to explore patient experiences of ALS, and to identify factors influencing their decision-making in the specialized multidisciplinary care of ALS. Methods An exploratory study was conducted. Fourteen patients from two specialized ALS multidisciplinary clinics participated in semistructured interviews that were audio recorded and transcribed. Data were analyzed for emergent themes. Results Decision-making was influenced by three levels of factors, ie, structural, interactional, and personal. The structural factor was the decision-making environment of specialized multidisciplinary ALS clinics, which supported decision-making by providing patients with disease-specific information and specialized care planning. Interactional factors were the patient experiences of ALS, including patients’ reaction to the diagnosis, response to deterioration, and engagement with the multidisciplinary ALS team. Personal factors were patients’ personal philosophies, including their outlook on life, perceptions of control, and planning for the future. Patient approaches to decision-making reflected a focus on the present, rather than anticipating future progression of the disease and potential care needs. Conclusion Decision-making for symptom management and quality of life in ALS care is enhanced when the patient’s personal philosophy is supported by collaborative relationships between the patient and the multidisciplinary ALS team. Patients valued the support provided by the multidisciplinary team; however, their focus on living in the present diverged from the efforts of health professionals to prepare patients and their carers for the future. The challenge facing health professionals is how best to engage each patient in decision-making for their future needs, to bridge this gap. PMID:23226006

Hogden, Anne; Greenfield, David; Nugus, Peter; Kiernan, Matthew C

2012-01-01

386

The myth of the top management team.  

PubMed

Companies all across the economic spectrum are making use of teams. They go by a variety of names and can be found at all levels. In fact, you are likely to find the group at the very top of an organization professing to be a team. But even in the best of companies, a so-called top team seldom functions as a real team. Real teams must follow a well-defined discipline to achieve their performance potential. And performance is the key issue--not the fostering of "team values" such as empowerment, sensitivity, or involvement. In recent years, the focus on performance was lost in many companies. Even today, CEOs and senior executives often see few gains in performance from their attempts to become more teamlike. Nevertheless, a team effort at the top can be essential to capturing the highest performance results possible--when the conditions are right. Good leadership requires differentiating between team and nonteam opportunities, and then acting accordingly. Three litmus tests must be passed for a team at the top to be effective. First, the team must shape collective work-products--these are tangible performance results that the group can achieve working together that surpass what the team members could have achieved working on their own. Second, the leadership role must shift, depending on the task at hand. And third, the team's members must be mutually accountable for the group's results. When these criteria can be met, senior executives should come together to achieve real team performance. When the criteria cannot be met, they should rely on the individual leadership skills that they have honed over the years. PMID:10174799

Katzenbach, J R

1997-01-01

387

Multidisciplinary Approach to Aerospike Nozzle Design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A model of a linear aerospike rocket nozzle that consists of coupled aerodynamic and structural analyses has been developed. A nonlinear computational fluid dynamics code is used to calculate the aerodynamic thrust, and a three-dimensional finite-element model is used to determine the structural response and weight. The model will be used to demonstrate multidisciplinary design optimization (MDO) capabilities for relevant engine concepts, assess performance of various MDO approaches, and provide a guide for future application development. In this study, the MDO problem is formulated using the multidisciplinary feasible (MDF) strategy. The results for the MDF formulation are presented with comparisons against separate aerodynamic and structural optimized designs. Significant improvements are demonstrated by using a multidisciplinary approach in comparison with the single-discipline design strategy.

Korte, J. J.; Salas, A. O.; Dunn, H. J.; Alexandrov, N. M.; Follett, W. W.; Orient, G. E.; Hadid, A. H.

1997-01-01

388

Multidisciplinary Approach to Linear Aerospike Nozzle Optimization  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A model of a linear aerospike rocket nozzle that consists of coupled aerodynamic and structural analyses has been developed. A nonlinear computational fluid dynamics code is used to calculate the aerodynamic thrust, and a three-dimensional fink-element model is used to determine the structural response and weight. The model will be used to demonstrate multidisciplinary design optimization (MDO) capabilities for relevant engine concepts, assess performance of various MDO approaches, and provide a guide for future application development. In this study, the MDO problem is formulated using the multidisciplinary feasible (MDF) strategy. The results for the MDF formulation are presented with comparisons against sequential aerodynamic and structural optimized designs. Significant improvements are demonstrated by using a multidisciplinary approach in comparison with the single- discipline design strategy.

Korte, J. J.; Salas, A. O.; Dunn, H. J.; Alexandrov, N. M.; Follett, W. W.; Orient, G. E.; Hadid, A. H.

1997-01-01

389

Towards understanding the relationship between team climate and software quality - a quasi-experimental study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an empirical study that examined the work climate within software development teams. The question was\\u000a whether the team climate in software developer teams has any relation to software product quality. We define team climate\\u000a as the shared perceptions of the team’s work procedures and practices. The team climate factors examined were West and Anderson’s\\u000a participative safety, support

Silvia Teresita Acuña; Marta Gómez; Natalia Juristo Juzgado

2008-01-01

390

What Is Team Science? - Team Science Toolkit  

Cancer.gov

Team science is a collaborative effort to address a scientific challenge that leverages the strengths and expertise of professionals trained in different fields. Although traditional single-investigator driven approaches are ideal for many scientific endeavors, coordinated teams of investigators with diverse skills and knowledge may be especially helpful for studies of complex social problems with multiple causes.

391

Using Assessment for Developing Team Building Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Ability to function in teams," "good team building skills," and "teamwork" are all now common phrases in the classifieds. It is increasingly important in society today, both in social and work environments, to be a good team player. But how do we actually develop those skills and evaluate whether our efforts have had a measurable impact so that we can adjust our approach for maximum benefit? This booklet presents a team assessment process developed to track and improve students team building skill as well as a complete description of its implementation. Preliminary research on team building skills development was performed with a group of community college students in the Electrical Technology Program. The results from the two year study indicate that active participation in the team assessment process is beneficial in developing team building and leadership skills in college students. All the materials necessary to implement the team assessment process for a classroom or workplace setting are provided in this booklet. Using these materials and methods can yield evidence of improved team building and leadership skills important in meeting accreditation standards or for use in evaluating corporate team skills and leadership development.

Akins, Lean M.; Barbuto, Daniel C.

2009-12-01

392

Developing Trust in Virtual Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rapid globalization, advances in technology, flatter organizational structures, synergistic cooperation among firms, and a shift to knowledge work environments have led to the increasing use of virtual teams in organizations. Selecting, training, and socializing employees in virtual teamwork has therefore become an important human resource…

Germain, Marie-Line

2011-01-01

393

Noise and the Anaesthetic Team  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY It is known that excess noise in the workplace can interfere with communication, and when sustained or extreme, can be associated with hearing loss. The environment in which the anaesthetic team work requires concentration and effective communication to ensure the safety of the patient. This study investigated the possibility of the interference of noise within the anaesthetic environment and

Daneby Liddell

394

An Expectation States Approach to Examining Medical Team Information Exchange  

E-print Network

to yield positive patient outcomes, teams of caregivers must work collaboratively. Thus, effective information exchange among medical team members is essential to make the decisions and take the actions necessary to save lives. Although medical team... team strategies protect both the cohesion of team members and patients? health. Research to date has produced equivocal results regarding communication in the medical setting and the effectiveness of teamwork and training interventions. The current...

Manago, Bianca

2013-07-30

395

The Special Education Referral and Decision-Making Process for English Language Learners: Child Study Team Meetings and Placement Conferences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the special education referral and decision- making process for English language learners (ELLs), with a focus on Child Study Team (CST) meetings and placement conferences\\/multidisciplinary team meetings. We wished to learn how school personnel determined if ELLs who were struggling had disabilities, to what extent those involved in the process understood second

JANETTE K. KLINGNER; BETH HARRY

2006-01-01

396

Are you looking to work with innovative technology? If so, come join mFoundry..we're hiring! mFoundry is seeking a Software Engineer to work with our Product Development team. The ideal  

E-print Network

in a fast-paced and ever-changing environment. · Must be able to work full time in Larkspur, CA. To apply banking provider with a live, nationwide mobile payments solution. As the technical force behind Starbucks

Ravikumar, B.

397

[Percutaneous aortic valve replacement. A multidisciplinary approach. The key to success].  

PubMed

Recently transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has been offered to selected patients and results have been good. In Europe, for example, TAVI is an established, evidence-based, alternative to open aortic valve replacement for patients with aortic stenosis in whom conventional cardiac surgery would pose a high risk. Studies in the United States demonstrated that, in patients with severe aortic stenosis who are not candidates for surgery, TAVI using the Edwards SAPIEN valve resulted in significantly lower mortality than standard treatment. However, TAVI was associated with a nonsignificantly higher incidence of stroke and major vascular complications compared to standard aortic valve replacement. Moreover, when strokes and transient ischemic attacks were considered together, there was a significant benefit in favor of surgery at both 30 days and 1 year (P=.04). Clearly, optimal patient selection is critical for the success of TAVI. In addition, it has been shown that the adoption of a multidisciplinary approach improves outcomes in complex procedures like these. To ensure successful outcomes with TAVI, a multidisciplinary heart valve team must collaborate at all stages of the program: during screening, during and after the procedure, and throughout follow-up. In particular, patients should be screened for inclusion in a TAVI program by a member of the multidisciplinary team, and not by an external individual specialist. Moreover, the selection of candidates for treatment should involve consultation between the different disciplines (i.e. between cardiologists, surgeons, imaging specialists, anesthesiologists, pulmonologist, and other specialists, if necessary). PMID:22921172

Palacios, Igor F

2012-07-01

398

Team Science Toolkit  

Cancer.gov

Skip to main content at the National Institutes of Health www.cancer.gov Home About Team Science About the Toolkit Discover Contribute Connect News & Events About Us chantal savelsbergh Edit resource Area of Expertise: team and group process, communication

399

Tiger Team audits  

SciTech Connect

This paper will address the purpose, scope, and approach of the Department of Energy Tiger Team Assessments. It will use the Tiger Team Assessment experience of Sandia National Laboratories at Albuquerque, New Mexico, as illustration.

Cheney, G.T.

1992-01-01

400

Tiger Team audits  

SciTech Connect

This paper will address the purpose, scope, and approach of the Department of Energy Tiger Team Assessments. It will use the Tiger Team Assessment experience of Sandia National Laboratories at Albuquerque, New Mexico, as illustration.

Cheney, G.T.

1992-03-01

401

Health Care Team  

MedlinePLUS

... Story About the NKF You are here Home » Health Care Team Good health care is always a team effort - especially for people ... chronic kidney failure. Since each member of the health care staff contributes to your care, it is important ...

402

Diagnosing and improving functioning in interdisciplinary health care teams.  

PubMed

Interdisciplinary teams play a key role in the delivery of health care. Team functioning can positively or negatively impact the effective and efficient delivery of health care services as well as the personal well-being of group members. Additionally, teams must be able and willing to work together to achieve team goals within a climate that reflects commitment to team goals, accountability, respect, and trust. Not surprisingly, dysfunctional team functioning can limit the success of interdisciplinary health care teams. The first step in improving dysfunctional team function is to conduct an analysis based on criteria necessary for team success, and this article provides meaningful criteria for doing such an analysis. These are the following: a common team goal, the ability and willingness to work together to achieve team goals, decision making, communication, and team member relationships. High-functioning interdisciplinary teams must exhibit features of good team function in all key domains. If a team functions well in some domains and needs to improve in others, targeted strategies are described that can be used to improve team functioning. PMID:22842755

Blackmore, Gail; Persaud, D David

2012-01-01

403

Leader Delegation and Trust in Global Software Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virtual teams are an important work structure in global software development. The distributed team structure enables access to a diverse set of expertise which is often not available in one location, to a cheaper labor force, and to a potentially accelerated development process that uses a twenty-four hour work structure. Many software teams

Zhang, Suling

2008-01-01

404

Coaching product development teams: a conceptual foundation for empirical studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Global product development teams work in ambiguously complex dynamic networks. Characterization of the distributed work environment includes many factors, including: individuals and sub-teams are geographically distributed; they belong to different organizational cultures; they operate in different time zones and within different cultural and professional-frameworks. From a communication perspective, individual team members may speak different languages and lack a common tongue.

Yoram Reich; Georg Ullmann; Machiel Van der Loos; Larry Leifer

2009-01-01

405

TumorsThe Multidisciplinary Neuroendocrine Program  

E-print Network

, and we can then coordinate all aspects of care. · We provide patients with simultaneous neurosurgical members the caring support they need. Patients deserve neuroendocrine care that is world-class in every one within 300 miles that provides true multidisciplinary care to patients with pituitary tumors

Goldman, Steven A.

406

NASA Multidisciplinary Design and Analysis Fellowship Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes the results of a multi-year training grant for the development and implementation of a Multidisciplinary Design and Analysis (MDA) Fellowship Program at Georgia Tech. The Program funded the creation of graduate MS and PhD degree pro...

D. P. Schrage, J. I. Craig, D. N. Mavris, M. A. Hale, D. DeLaurentis

1999-01-01

407

International Multidisciplinary Artificial Gravity (IMAG) Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation reviews the efforts of the International Multidisciplinary Artificial Gravity Project. Specifically it reviews the NASA Exploration Planning Status, NASA Exploration Roadmap, Status of Planning for the Moon, Mars Planning, Reference health maintenance scenario, and The Human Research Program.

Laurini, Kathy

2007-01-01

408

A UNIFIED APPROACH TO MODELING MULTIDISCIPLINARY INTERACTIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are a number of existing methods to transfer information among various disciplines. For a multidisciplinary application with n disciplines, the traditional methods may be required to model ) ( 2 n n interactions. This paper presents a unified three-dimensional approach that reduces the number of interactions from ) ( 2 n n to n 2 by using a computer-aided

Jamshid A. Samareh; Kumar G. Bhatia

2000-01-01

409

Bootlegging: multidisciplinary brainstorming with cut-ups  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce bootlegging, a structured brainstorming technique particularly suited to multidisciplinary settings. Participants first generate ideas in 2 rough groups, one having to do with users and usage situations and the other pertaining to a specific technology or domain. Results are then randomly combined to form unexpected juxtapositions. These combinations are used as the basis for several quick application brainstorms,

Lars Erik Holmquist

2008-01-01

410

Multidisciplinary Analysis of a Hypersonic Engine  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective is to develop high fidelity tools that can influence ISTAR design In particular, tools for coupling Fluid-Thermal-Structural simulations RBCC/TBCC designers carefully balance aerodynamic, thermal, weight, & structural considerations; consistent multidisciplinary solutions reveal details (at modest cost) At Scram mode design point, simulations give details of inlet & combustor performance, thermal loads, structural deflections.

Suresh, Ambady; Stewart, Mark

2003-01-01

411

Multidisciplinary Assessment of Technology Centre for Healthcare  

E-print Network

viewpoint where pathway changes are required to accommodate disruptive technology. MATCH identifiedMultidisciplinary Assessment of Technology Centre for Healthcare Annual Report 2010-11 www service based on better technology that has been selected and developed through value-based choices. #12

Oakley, Jeremy

412

Multidisciplinary Approach to Managing Diabetic Patient Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Revised criteria by the American Diabetes Association defined diabetes as serum glucose greater than 126mg\\/dl. This revision was expected to increase the number of individuals diagnosed with diabetes. The purpose of this study was to use a multidisciplinary approach to determine the impact on the Healthcare system of the increased number of individuals diagnosed with diabetes and to determine compliance

P. P. Jones; C. Plank; S. Morse

1999-01-01

413

Your Health Care Team  

MedlinePLUS

... Size: A A A Listen En Español Your Health Care Team You You are the most important member of your health care team. After all, you are the one who ... are the first to notice any problems. Your health care team depends on you to talk to them ...

414

Contact - Team Science Toolkit  

Cancer.gov

The Team Science Toolkit was developed, and is maintained, by the Science of Team Science (SciTS) team at the National Cancer Institute, Division of Cancer Control and Population Science, Behavioral Research Program. To contact us, please email Dr. Kara L.

415

Science and Team Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores a new idea about the future development of science and teams, and predicts its possible applications in science, education, workforce development and research. The inter-relatedness of science and teamwork developments suggests a growing importance of team facilitators' quality, as well as the criticality of detailed studies of teamwork processes and team consortiums to address the increasing complexity

Ralitsa B. Akins; Bryan R. Cole

2006-01-01

416

The "A" Team.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Academic Team (A Team) program at Plano (Texas) Senior High School provides academic enrichment for talented students in grades 9-12. Outstanding A Team students are recognized with trophies and scholarships. The school district and the high school have found the program an excellent means of encouraging academic achievement. (MCG)

Guinn, Larry D.; And Others

1984-01-01

417

Who Owns Your Team?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Feelings of team ownership promote team cohesiveness which yields better performance. Coaches should implement strategies that encourage team members to share with the coach responsibility for morale, skill-building, play improvement, and decision making. Maturity level of athletes influences the degree of ownership allowed. Strategies for…

Weisen, Kathy; Love, Phyllis

1988-01-01

418

A Genuine TEAM Player  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Qualtech Systems, Inc. developed a complete software system with capabilities of multisignal modeling, diagnostic analysis, run-time diagnostic operations, and intelligent interactive reasoners. Commercially available as the TEAMS (Testability Engineering and Maintenance System) tool set, the software can be used to reveal unanticipated system failures. The TEAMS software package is broken down into four companion tools: TEAMS-RT, TEAMATE, TEAMS-KB, and TEAMS-RDS. TEAMS-RT identifies good, bad, and suspect components in the system in real-time. It reports system health results from onboard tests, and detects and isolates failures within the system, allowing for rapid fault isolation. TEAMATE takes over from where TEAMS-RT left off by intelligently guiding the maintenance technician through the troubleshooting procedure, repair actions, and operational checkout. TEAMS-KB serves as a model management and collection tool. TEAMS-RDS (TEAMS-Remote Diagnostic Server) has the ability to continuously assess a system and isolate any failure in that system or its components, in real time. RDS incorporates TEAMS-RT, TEAMATE, and TEAMS-KB in a large-scale server architecture capable of providing advanced diagnostic and maintenance functions over a network, such as the Internet, with a web browser user interface.

2001-01-01

419

Teacher Teaming--Opportunities and Dilemmas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools across the United States are creating teacher teams in ever-greater numbers. "Teaming" refers to assembling a group of teachers from different disciplines and/or grade levels who work together as a "core group" responsible for teaching a subset of the school's population. This brief examines some of the potential conflicts between teacher…

Kruse, Sharon; Louis, Karen Seashore

1995-01-01

420

Interdisciplinary Student Teams Projects: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In today's organizations team work has become an integral part of the day-to-day routine. For this reason, University professors are including group projects in many courses. In such group assessments, we advocate the use of interdisciplinary teams, where possible. As a case study, we report an interdisciplinary group technical project with…

Kruck, S. E.; Teer, Faye P.

2009-01-01

421

Capacitated team formation problem on social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a team formation problem, one is required to find a group of users that can match the requirements of a collaborative task. Example of such collaborative tasks abound, ranging from software product development to various participatory sensing tasks in knowledge creation. Due to the nature of the task, team members are often required to work on a co-operative basis.

Anirban Majumder; Samik Datta; K. V. M. Naidu

2012-01-01

422

Rethinking the Rush to Team Up.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Work teams can be highly motivating and can reduce overhead costs. Teams with clear, limited objectives and the right skills, feedback, and incentives will perform well. Personality difficulties, resistance to change, and lack of training can short circuit their effectiveness. (SK)

Zemke, Ron

1993-01-01

423

Situated Knowledge and Learning in Dispersed Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative field study explores how geographically dispersed teams draw on knowledge situated in the multiple physical locales they span, to learn and accomplish their collective work. We propose the construct of situated knowledge as important for understanding the learning process in dispersed teams. Qualitative data collected on seven new product\\/process development projects, each spanning multiple sites, reveal that situated

Deborah Sole; Amy Edmondson

2002-01-01

424

Student Teams Learning to Cope with Conflict  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because employers want workers who can successfully run meetings and manage teams with diverse characteristics, conflict management is a skill that every business graduate should possess. The purpose of the study was to identify the most popular and effective ways that students used to manage conflicts when working on team projects. A survey was…

Winter, Janet; Neal, Joan C.; Waner, Karen K.

2005-01-01

425

[Discourses of primary mental healthcare teams on addressing gender violence within the context of relationships].  

PubMed

Violence against women within relationships is a problem which is in the public eye and is mainly associated with the gender factor. It is therefore crucial to incorporate a gender perspective in order to understand and intervene in this phenomenon. A qualitative study was conducted using semi-structured interviews and applying content analysis, to analyze if the declared discourse of the Primary Mental Healthcare teams in Valparaíso (physicians, psychologists, social workers), regarding tackling violence against women within the context of a relationship includes perceptions, knowledge and ideas based on the gender perspective. There is a general consensus on how to deal with battered women, as for all of them it is very important to create an empathic, therapeutic space of containment. Multidisciplinary and intersectoral work is considered important in the work discussions and the risk of repeat victimization was mentioned. In general, there was no intention to empower women from a gender perspective, with the exception of some psychologists (males and females). This work could lead to a critical evaluation of the various discourses of Primary Mental Healthcare Teams in addressing gender-based violence. PMID:23175406

Diez, Beatriz Salgado

2012-12-01

426

Developing high-performance cross-functional teams: Understanding motivations, functional loyalties, and teaming fundamentals  

SciTech Connect

Teamwork is the key to the future of effective technology management. Today`s technologies and markets have become too complex for individuals to work alone. Global competition, limited resources, cost consciousness, and time pressures have forced organizations and project managers to encourage teamwork. Many of these teams will be cross-functional teams that can draw on a multitude of talents and knowledge. To develop high-performing cross-functional teams, managers must understand motivations, functional loyalties, and the different backgrounds of the individual team members. To develop a better understanding of these issues, managers can learn from experience and from literature on teams and teaming concepts. When studying the literature to learn about cross-functional teaming, managers will find many good theoretical concepts, but when put into practice, these concepts have varying effects. This issue of varying effectiveness is what drives the research for this paper. The teaming concepts were studied to confirm or modify current understanding. The literature was compared with a {open_quotes}ground truth{close_quotes}, a survey of the reality of teaming practices, to examine the teaming concepts that the literature finds to be critical to the success of teams. These results are compared to existing teams to determine if such techniques apply in real-world cases.

Miller, M.A.

1996-08-01

427

UNCORRECTED 3 Molluscs as multidisciplinary models in environment toxicology  

E-print Network

c Toxicology Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States 9 d Environmental and multidisciplinary research 13 approaches in the field of environmental toxicology. Molluscs are effective models. 19 Keywords: Multidisciplinary toxicology models; Molluscs; Imposex; Environmental toxicology

McClellan-Green, Patricia

428

Development of a Multi-Disciplinary Aerothermostructural Model Applicable to Hypersonic Flight  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The harsh and complex hypersonic flight environment has driven design and analysis improvements for many years. One of the defining characteristics of hypersonic flight is the coupled, multi-disciplinary nature of the dominant physics. In an effect to examine some of the multi-disciplinary problems associated with hypersonic flight engineers at the NASA Dryden Flight Research Center developed a non-linear 6 degrees-of-freedom, full vehicle simulation that includes the necessary model capabilities: aerothermal heating, ablation, and thermal stress solutions. Development of the tool and results for some investigations will be presented. Requirements and improvements for future work will also be reviewed. The results of the work emphasize the need for a coupled, multi-disciplinary analysis to provide accurate

Kostyk, Chris; Risch, Tim

2013-01-01

429

Attributes of top elite team-handball players.  

PubMed

Researchers in the field of excellence in sport performance are becoming increasingly focused on the study of sport-specific characteristics and requirements. In accordance with this, the purposes of this study were (a) to examine the morphologic-, fitness-, handball-specific skills and psychological and "biosocial" differences between top elite and nontop elite team-handball players and (b) to investigate the extent to which they may be used to identify top elite team-handball players. One hundred sixty-seven adult male team-handball players were studied and divided in 2 groups: top elite (n = 41) and nontop elite (n = 126). Twenty-eight morphologic-, 9 fitness-, 1 handball-specific skills and 2 psychological-based and 2 "biosocial"-based attributes were used. Top elite and nontop elite groups were compared for each variable of interest using Student's t-test, and 5 logistic regression analyses were performed with the athlete's performance group (top elite or nontop elite) as the dependent variable and the variables of each category as predictors. The results showed that (a) body mass, waist girth, radiale-dactylion length, midstylion-dactylion length, and absolute muscle mass (morphologic model); (b) 30-m sprint time, countermovement jump height and average power, abdominal strength and the class of performance in the Yo-Yo Intermittent Endurance Test (fitness model); (c) offensive power (specific-skills model); (d) ego-based motivational orientation (psychological model); (e) socioeconomic status and the energy spent (for week) in handball activity (biosocial model); significantly (p < 0.05) contributed to predict the probability of an athlete to be a top elite team-handball player. Moreover, the fitness model exhibited higher percentages of correct classification (i.e., 91.5%) than all the other models did. This study provided (a) the rational to reduce the battery of tests for evaluation purposes, and (b) the initial step to work on building a multidisciplinary model to predict the probability of a handball athlete to be a top elite player. PMID:23591948

Massuça, Luís M; Fragoso, Isabel; Teles, Júlia

2014-01-01

430

Multidisciplinary Multiobjective Optimal Design for Turbomachinery Using Evolutionary Algorithm  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report summarizes Dr. Lian s efforts toward developing a robust and efficient tool for multidisciplinary and multi-objective optimal design for turbomachinery using evolutionary algorithms. This work consisted of two stages. The first stage (from July 2003 to June 2004) Dr. Lian focused on building essential capabilities required for the project. More specifically, Dr. Lian worked on two subjects: an enhanced genetic algorithm (GA) and an integrated optimization system with a GA and a surrogate model. The second stage (from July 2004 to February 2005) Dr. Lian formulated aerodynamic optimization and structural optimization into a multi-objective optimization problem and performed multidisciplinary and multi-objective optimizations on a transonic compressor blade based on the proposed model. Dr. Lian s numerical results showed that the proposed approach can effectively reduce the blade weight and increase the stage pressure ratio in an efficient manner. In addition, the new design was structurally safer than the original design. Five conference papers and three journal papers were published on this topic by Dr. Lian.

2005-01-01

431

Developing Good Team-working Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article offers advice to educators on developing learners' collaboration skills through problem solving. The author presents six categories of tasks, each of which addresses a set of teamwork skills (e.g. listening, sharing, reflecting) and includes several tasks which could serve as the vehicle. Links to the tasks, printable materials, and other resources are included.

2010-05-01

432

Ground Rules in Team Projects: Findings from a Prototype System to Support Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student team project work in higher education is one of the best ways to develop team working skills at the same time as learning about the subject matter. As today's students require the freedom to learn at times and places that better match their lifestyles, there is a need for any support for team project work to be also available online. Team

Whatley, Janice

2009-01-01

433

Multidisciplinary Management of Blunt Pelvic Trauma  

PubMed Central

Pelvic fractures account for ?3% of all fractures and usually occur in patients with polytrauma. Pelvic fractures usually indicate high energy transfer and a significant mechanism of injury, and they can involve massive hemorrhage. For this reason, mortality from pelvic trauma is high, ranging from 40% to 60% among patients in shock, and up to 90% in patients considered to be in extremis. Multidisciplinary approaches in the treatment of patients with pelvic fractures have resulted in improved outcomes for these complex and challenging injuries. In this article, we describe a case of a pediatric patient who suffered severe pelvic fracture with massive hemorrhage, requiring a multidisciplinary approach for control of hemorrhage and definitive repair of injuries. PMID:23997410

Khanna, Pavan; Phan, Ho; Hardy, Andrew Hal; Nolan, Timothy; Dong, Paul

2012-01-01

434

Aortic valve replacement in a Jehovah's Witness: a case of multi-disciplinary clinical management for bloodless surgery  

PubMed Central

An 81-year-old female Jehovah’s Witness (JW) patient with severe aortic stenosis required aortic valve replacement (AVR). However, the patient’s religious beliefs precluded the use of primary blood components. Since the definitive treatment of AVR required bloodless open heart surgery, careful peri-operative plans were set forth by a multi-disciplinary team involving the cardiothoracic surgeon, haematologist and anaesthetist. The patient went on to successfully recover postoperatively. This case highlights: 1) The importance of carefully navigating through the most recent clinical and ethical protocol involved in the surgical management of JW’s. 2) The importance of preparing individually tailored pre, intra and postoperative plans that are delivered through a multi-disciplinary clinical team to ensure the best and safest possible outcomes. PMID:22665474

Park, John Jungpa; Lang, Christopher C; Manson, Lynn; Brackenbury, Edward T

2012-01-01

435

Design and Parametric Sizing of Deep Space Habitats Supporting NASA'S Human Space Flight Architecture Team  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Human Space Flight Architecture Team (HAT) is a multi-disciplinary, cross-agency study team that conducts strategic analysis of integrated development approaches for human and robotic space exploration architectures. During each analysis cycle, HAT iterates and refines the definition of design reference missions (DRMs), which inform the definition of a set of integrated capabilities required to explore multiple destinations. An important capability identified in this capability-driven approach is habitation, which is necessary for crewmembers to live and work effectively during long duration transits to and operations at exploration destinations beyond Low Earth Orbit (LEO). This capability is captured by an element referred to as the Deep Space Habitat (DSH), which provides all equipment and resources for the functions required to support crew safety, health, and work including: life support, food preparation, waste management, sleep quarters, and housekeeping.The purpose of this paper is to describe the design of the DSH capable of supporting crew during exploration missions. First, the paper describes the functionality required in a DSH to support the HAT defined exploration missions, the parameters affecting its design, and the assumptions used in the sizing of the habitat. Then, the process used for arriving at parametric sizing estimates to support additional HAT analyses is detailed. Finally, results from the HAT Cycle C DSH sizing are presented followed by a brief description of the remaining design trades and technological advancements necessary to enable the exploration habitation capability.

Toups, Larry; Simon, Matthew; Smitherman, David; Spexarth, Gary

2012-01-01

436

The Power of Teacher Teams: With Cases, Analyses, and Strategies for Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While most educators believe working in teams is valuable, not all team efforts lead to instructional improvement. Through richly detailed case studies, "The Power of Teacher Teams" demonstrates how schools can transform their teams into more effective learning communities that foster teacher leadership. The benefits of successful teacher teams

Troen, Vivian; Boles, Katherine C.

2012-01-01

437

How to Suceed in Team Teaching--By Really Trying. Occasional Paper No. 13.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides guidelines in three areas for organizing and working in teaching teams: (1) getting started; (2) making the most of team meetings; and (3) minimizing team problems. Getting started requires a number of key decisions: (1) on what basis should team members be selected? (2) what should be the size of the team? (3) what areas…

Nolan, Robert R.; Roper, Susan Stavert

438

Concurrent Mission and Systems Design at NASA Glenn Research Center: The Origins of the COMPASS Team  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Established at the NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) in 2006 to meet the need for rapid mission analysis and multi-disciplinary systems design for in-space and human missions, the Collaborative Modeling for Parametric Assessment of Space Systems (COMPASS) team is a multidisciplinary, concurrent engineering group whose primary purpose is to perform integrated systems analysis, but it is also capable of designing any system that involves one or more of the disciplines present in the team. The authors were involved in the development of the COMPASS team and its design process, and are continuously making refinements and enhancements. The team was unofficially started in the early 2000s as part of the distributed team known as Team JIMO (Jupiter Icy Moons Orbiter) in support of the multi-center collaborative JIMO spacecraft design during Project Prometheus. This paper documents the origins of a concurrent mission and systems design team at GRC and how it evolved into the COMPASS team, including defining the process, gathering the team and tools, building the facility, and performing studies.

McGuire, Melissa L.; Oleson, Steven R.; Sarver-Verhey, Timothy R.

2012-01-01

439

Event criticality, urgency, and duration: Understanding how events disrupt teams and influence team leader intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research has begun to recognize the role leaders can play in enhancing semi-autonomous work team effectiveness. One recent approach suggests that leaders enhance team functioning by intervening in the context of specific events, where the effectiveness of active intervention strategies is moderated by event disruptiveness [Morgeson, F.P. (2005). The external leadership of self-managing teams: Intervening in the context of novel

Frederick P. Morgeson; D. Scott DeRue

2006-01-01

440

Enhance Your Team-Based Qualitative Research  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE Qualitative research projects often involve the collaborative efforts of a research team. Challenges inherent in teamwork include changes in membership and differences in analytical style, philosophy, training, experience, and skill. This article discusses teamwork issues and tools and techniques used to improve team-based qualitative research. METHODS We drew on our experiences in working on numerous projects of varying, size, duration, and purpose. Through trials of different tools and techniques, expert consultation, and review of the literature, we learned to improve how we build teams, manage information, and disseminate results. RESULTS Attention given to team members and team processes is as important as choosing appropriate analytical tools and techniques. Attentive team leadership, commitment to early and regular team meetings, and discussion of roles, responsibilities, and expectations all help build more effective teams and establish clear norms. As data are collected and analyzed, it is important to anticipate potential problems from differing skills and styles, and how information and files are managed. Discuss analytical preferences and biases and set clear guidelines and practices for how data will be analyzed and handled. As emerging ideas and findings disperse across team members, common tools (such as summary forms and data grids), coding conventions, intermediate goals or products, and regular documentation help capture essential ideas and insights. CONCLUSIONS In a team setting, little should be left to chance. This article identifies ways to improve team-based qualitative research with more a considered and systematic approach. Qualitative researchers will benefit from further examination and discussion of effective, field-tested, team-based strategies. PMID:16046570

Fernald, Douglas H.; Duclos, Christine W.

2005-01-01

441

Multidisciplinary Project Plans Adapted from the Making Industry Meaningful in College (MIMIC) Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Making Industry Meaningful In College (MIMIC) is a multi-disciplinary project that exposes students to simulated business/industry experiences with the goal of preparing them for the workplace. Students in engineering design, electronics and business are placed in teams, called âÂÂcompanies,â to design, prototype, manufacture, market and sell a product. This guide, by Dorene Perez, Jim Gibson, and Rose Marie Lynch, presents eight example project plans using the MIMIC model applied to business, technical education, and environmental science.

Gibson, Jim; Lynch, Rose M.; Perez, Dorene

2008-08-26

442

Multidisciplinary design optimization of a pressure controller for CNG injection systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work, the multidisciplinary design optimization (MDO) methodology is applied to a case arising in the automotive engineering in which the design optimization of mechanical and control features of a system are simultaneously carried out with an evolutionary algorithm based method. The system under study is the regulator of the injection pressure of an innovative Common Rail system for

Gabriella Dellino; Paolo Lino; Carlo Meloni; Alessandro Rizzo

2006-01-01

443

Integrating Real-World Experience in to a College Curriculum Using a Multidisciplinary Design Minor  

Microsoft Academic Search

The real world offers tremendous challenges and numerous opportunities for our engineering students after they complete their formal undergraduate education. Many of these challenges are intrinsically multidisciplinary and require work across the boundaries of traditional educational programs. Too often engineering programs fail to mirror this reality, but instead stovepipe student experiences along disciplinary boundaries (often excluding non-engineers entirely) and fail

Jessica Brakora; Brian Gilchrist; James Holloway; Nilton Renno; Steven Skerlos; Toby Teory; Peter Washabaugh; Daryl Weinert

2009-01-01

444

Watershed Stewardship Education Program--A Multidisciplinary Extension Education Program for Oregon's Watershed Councils.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Watershed Stewardship Education Program (WSEP) is a multidisciplinary Oregon Extension designed to help watershed councils, landowners, and others work effectively together on water management. Components include practical, easy-to-use educational materials, training in effective collaboration, a Master Watershed Stewards program, and advanced…

Conway, Flaxen D. L.; Godwin, Derek; Cloughesy, Mike; Nierenberg, Tara

2003-01-01

445

Integrated multidisciplinary design optimization using discrete sensitivity analysis for geometrically complex aeroelastic configurations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first two steps in the development of an integrated multidisciplinary design optimization procedure capable of analyzing the nonlinear fluid flow about geometrically complex aeroelastic configurations have been accomplished in the present work. For the first step, a three-dimensional unstructured grid approach to aerodynamic shape sensitivity analysis and design optimization has been developed. The advantage of unstructured grids, when compared

James Charles Newman III

1997-01-01

446

The Campus Lake Learning Community: Promoting a Multidisciplinary Approach to Environmental Problem Solving  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A multidisciplinary learning community provided environmental management students the opportunity to work with students in different classes and majors to create designs for improving the appearance and environmental quality of a lake on a university campus. The experience increased student appreciation for the contribution of other disciplines in…

Walsh, Maud; Jenkins, Dorothy; Powell, Katrina; Rusch, Kelly

2005-01-01

447

Multidisciplinary Collaborations in Mid-Ocean Ridge Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The global mid-ocean ridge (MOR) is one of Earth's most fundamental geologic structures. Active volcanic, tectonic, hydrothermal, and biological processes occurring at the MOR affect nearly every attribute of the world's oceans and oceanic crust. For the past quarter century the overarching goal of the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF)-funded multidisciplinary Ridge 2000 program (http://www.ridge2000.org/) and its predecessor, Ridge Interdisciplinary Global Experiments (RIDGE), here collectively called “R2K,” has been to use observations, experiments, and models to answer fundamental questions about oceanic spreading center processes. Since its inception, R2K has worked to develop a holistic understanding of MORs. There are multiple interrelated consequences of oceanic crust generation at MORs, including transfer of material and energy from the mantle to the crust and ocean; impacts on marine ecology; and temporal, spatial, and rate-dependent interactions between biological and geological processes. Consequently, a diverse yet tightly knit community of collaborating scientists, including geologists, chemists, geophysical modelers, microbiologists, and oceanographers, has developed under R2K programs. This research community has spanned multiple generations of investigative effort, requiring it to confront transformations in communications technology, tools for use and access of data, and attitudes about cooperative approaches to scientific discovery. The tools and approaches R2K has used to enhance cross-disciplinary understanding of complex problems are adaptable to other multidisciplinary research efforts.

Rubin, Kennneth H.; Fornari, Daniel

2011-04-01

448

Staying Alive! Training High-Risk Teams for Self Correction  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research examining teams working in high-risk operations has been lacking. The present symposium showcases research on team training that helps to optimize team performance in environments characterized by life or death situations arising spontaneously after long periods of mundane activity by pulling experts from diverse areas of industry: space flight, health care, and medical simulation.

Slack, Kelley; Noe, Raymond; Weaver, Sallie

2011-01-01

449

Managing Global Virtual Teams across Classrooms, Students and Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virtual teams are becoming commonplace in business today so our business school students should have experience in effectively working in virtual teams. Based on a month-long virtual team project conducted by the authors between classes in South Africa and the United States, this paper discusses the opportunities and challenges of using global…

Shea, Timothy P.; Sherer, Pamela D.; Quilling, Rosemary D.; Blewett, Craig N.

2011-01-01

450

A Mirror for Managers: Using Simulation To Develop Management Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Of the many methods consultants employ to stimulate team development, simulation is among the least common. In this article, the authors describe how realistic simulation can help one diagnose management teams. In presenting a case study of one management team's experience with simulation, the article provides a frame work for effectively using simulation for this purpose and follows this with

Robert E. Kaplan; Michael M. Lombardo; Mignon S. Mazique

1985-01-01

451

Organizational sports metaphors: Reconsidering gender bias in the team concept  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some work focused on sports metaphors has been fueled by the assumption that there are significant gender differences in regard to the way organizational sports metaphors are perceived. In this study, the team concept was examined as a sports metaphor. Survey questionnaires were used to measure affective meaning of the team concept as well as associations made between the team

John Gribas

1999-01-01

452

Leader-Member Relationships in Virtual World Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

As researchers today seek to understand how virtual worlds may be effectively leveraged for collaborative purposes, exploring the role of leadership in virtual world teams may help shed light on how to manage synchronous and highly interdependent work activities for better team outcomes. Based upon Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) Theory, this study seeks to understand how leadership affects team member performance.

Samuel Goh; Molly Wasko

2011-01-01

453

Collaborative team networks and implications for strategic HRM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using longitudinal data from a graduate course (with 97 students grouped into 18 teams) we analyze the emergence of collaborative working patterns and the influence of personal traits on team performance and individual team member satisfaction. We find a positive effect of global centrality measures on individual satisfaction, while local centrality measures did not have a significant impact. Moreover, our

Christian Hopp; Lukas Zenk

2011-01-01

454

Collaborative team networks and implications for strategic HRM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using longitudinal data from a graduate course (with 97 students grouped into 18 teams) we analyze the emergence of collaborative working patterns and the influence of personal traits on team performance and individual team member satisfaction. We find a positive effect of global centrality measures on individual satisfaction, while local centrality measures did not have a significant impact. Moreover, our

Christian Hopp; Lukas Zenk

2012-01-01

455

SpecialtyTeams in the Operating Room:A  

E-print Network

of the environment, teamwork and communication between professional and support staff, and safety practices. 2 teams where all surgical team members (surgeon, technician, nurse, and anesthetist) consistently work for physicians and operating room staff members. 5. Design pilot specialty team. 6. Implement survey as pre

Connor, Ed

456

Impact of Interdisciplinary Team Review on Psychotropic Drug Use with Persons Who Have Mental Retardation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A multidisciplinary team, including representatives from medicine, psychology, and residential living, examined 436 mentally retarded residents' regimen of psychotropic medications, with the goal of finding the least restrictive method of behavior management and lowest drug dosage. Significant reductions in psychotropic drug use were observed,…

Findholt, Nancy E.; Emmett, Catherine G.

1990-01-01

457

A Unique Team Approach to the Total Education of the Student with a Neurological Disorder.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper outlines the program of services provided by a multidisciplinary professional team for the neurologically disordered child from preschool to young adulthood. Noted among the services offered are the following: an infant stimulation program, preschool prep program, group sensory integration program, special educational assistance, summer…

Cant, Malcolm J.

458

The 13th Annual Intelligent Ground Vehicle Competition: intelligent ground vehicles created by intelligent teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Intelligent Ground Vehicle Competition (IGVC) is one of three, unmanned systems, student competitions that were founded by the Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International (AUVSI) in the 1990s. The IGVC is a multidisciplinary exercise in product realization that challenges college engineering student teams to integrate advanced control theory, machine vision, vehicular electronics, and mobile platform fundamentals to design and

Bernard L. Theisen

2005-01-01

459

11th Annual Intelligent Ground Vehicle Competition: team approaches to intelligent driving and machine vision  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Intelligent Ground Vehicle Competition (IGVC) is one of three, unmanned systems, student competitions that were founded by the Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International (AUVSI) in the 1990's. The IGVC is a multidisciplinary exercise in product realization that challenges college engineering student teams to integrate advanced control theory, machine vision, vehicular electronics, and mobile platform fundamentals to design and

Bernard L. Theisen

2003-01-01

460

The twelfth annual Intelligent Ground Vehicle Competition: team approaches to intelligent vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Intelligent Ground Vehicle Competition (IGVC) is one of three, unmanned systems, student competitions that were founded by the Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International (AUVSI) in the 1990s. The IGVC is a multidisciplinary exercise in product realization that challenges college engineering student teams to integrate advanced control theory, machine vision, vehicular electronics, and mobile platform fundamentals to design and

Bernard L. Theisen; Daniel Maslach

2004-01-01

First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10