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1

Towards a System of Multilateral Unit Labor Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper attempts to extend the range of countries covered by the IMF's multilateral real exchange rate indexes based on relative unit labor costs (REER-ULCs) in manufacturing. A data set was assembled that permits calculation of REER-ULCs for 23 newly industrialized, developing, and transition countries in addition to the 21 industrial countries covered by the current system. Although the results

Anthony G. Turner; Stephen S. Golub

1997-01-01

2

Development of tissue bank.  

PubMed

The history of tissue banking is as old as the use of skin grafting for resurfacing of burn wounds. Beneficial effects of tissue grafts led to wide spread use of auto and allograft for management of varied clinical conditions like skin wounds, bone defects following trauma or tumor ablation. Availability of adequate amount of tissues at the time of requirement was the biggest challenge that forced clinicians to find out techniques to preserve the living tissue for prolonged period of time for later use and thus the foundation of tissue banking was started in early twentieth century. Harvesting, processing, storage and transportation of human tissues for clinical use is the major activity of tissue banks. Low temperature storage of processed tissue is the best preservation technique at present. Tissue banking organization is a very complex system and needs high technical expertise and skilled personnel for proper functioning in a dedicated facility. A small lapse/deviation from the established protocol leads to loss of precious tissues and or harm to recipients as well as the risk of transmission of deadly diseases and tumors. Strict tissue transplant acts and stringent regulations help to streamline the whole process of tissue banking safe for recipients and to community as whole. PMID:23162240

Narayan, R P

2012-05-01

3

The World Bank Policies: Damned if You Do, Damned if You Don't.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A former employee of the World Bank discusses the logic behind multilateral development banks and how they operate, bank ideology and the nature of policy formation, educational and other reforms as loan conditions, the inability of development banks to enforce implementation of their policies in countries receiving loans, and whether the banks

de Moura Castro, Claudio

2002-01-01

4

Advanced multilateration theory, software development, and data processing: The MICRODOT system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The process of geometric parameter estimation to accuracies of one centimeter, i.e., multilateration, is defined and applications are listed. A brief functional explanation of the theory is presented. Next, various multilateration systems are described in order of increasing system complexity. Expected systems accuracy is discussed from a general point of view and a summary of the errors is listed. An outline of the design of a software processing system for multilateration, called MICRODOT, is presented next. The links of this software, which can be used for multilateration data simulations or operational data reduction, are examined on an individual basis. Functional flow diagrams are presented to aid in understanding the software capability. MICRODOT capability is described with respect to vehicle configurations, interstation coordinate reduction, geophysical parameter estimation, and orbit determination. Numerical results obtained from MICRODOT via data simulations are displayed both for hypothetical and real world vehicle/station configurations such as used in the GEOS-3 Project. These simulations show the inherent power of the multilateration procedure.

Escobal, P. R.; Gallagher, J. F.; Vonroos, O. H.

1976-01-01

5

The Southeast Asian Influenza Clinical Research Network: development and challenges for a new multilateral research endeavor.  

PubMed

The Southeast Asia Influenza Clinical Research Network (SEA ICRN) (www.seaclinicalresearch.org) is a recently developed multilateral, collaborative partnership that aims to advance scientific knowledge and management of human influenza through integrated clinical investigation. The partnership of hospitals and institutions in Indonesia, Thailand, United Kingdom, United States, and Viet Nam was established in late 2005 after agreement on the general principles and mission of the initiative and after securing initial financial support. The establishment of the SEA ICRN was both a response to the re-emergence of the highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N1) virus in Southeast Asia in late 2003 and an acknowledgment that clinical trials on emerging infectious diseases require prepared and coordinated research capacity. The objectives of the Network also include building sustainable research capacity in the region, compliance with international standards, and prompt dissemination of information and sharing of samples. The scope of research includes diagnosis, pathogenesis, treatment and prevention of human influenza due to seasonal or novel viruses. The Network has overcome numerous logistical and scientific challenges but has now successfully initiated several clinical trials. The establishment of a clinical research network is a vital part of preparedness and an important element during an initial response phase to a pandemic. PMID:18295355

Higgs, Elizabeth S; Hayden, Frederick G; Chotpitayasunondh, Tawee; Whitworth, Jimmy; Farrar, Jeremy

2008-04-01

6

Multilateral Agencies in the Construction of the Global Agenda on Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article traces the construction of the educational dimension of the global development agenda over the period 1990 to 2006. It argues that the multilateral agencies, and notably the World Bank, UNICEF, UNESCO and UNDP, played vital roles in designing the architecture of this world agenda, supported at a key stage by the Development Assistance…

King, Kenneth

2007-01-01

7

Bank community development corporation investments in community economic development.  

E-print Network

?? This dissertation analyzes best practices of bank-owned Community Development Corporation (CDC) investments in Community Economic Development (CED). Using documents from banking institutions, literature on… (more)

Prevo, Dwight J.

2009-01-01

8

Apps for Development: World Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank is stepping up to the new media plate by asking concerned app developers to bring out their innovative software applications that "move us a step closer toward solving some of the world's most pressing problems." On the site, visitors can look over all of the apps that have been submitted as part of this initiative, and they are all quite interesting. They include "Food Factor", which gives users a quick visual reference of global food security, and "Forecasting the MDGs", which lets users learn which countries are likely to achieve the Millennium Development Goals established by the World Bank. Visitors can view all of the submissions and sort them out by topic, region of the world and title.

9

The role of multilateral institutions.  

PubMed

In line with its mission of alleviating poverty through support for environmentally and socially sustainable economic development, The World Bank (along with some other multilateral development banks) is working to help developing countries capture a share of the emerging global market in greenhouse-gas-emissions reductions ('carbon trading'). Under the Kyoto Protocol of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Joint Implementation instrument and the Clean Development Mechanism now provide an opening for substantial international resource transfers and potential for supporting sustainable development through the transfer of cleaner technologies or sustainable forestry and agro-forestry practices. For example, carbon sequestration represents a non-extractive non-consumptive sustainable use of living natural resources that can be incorporated within a multiple-use 'integrated ecosystem management' approach. The World Bank initiated the Prototype Carbon Fund (PCF) in April 2000, to help spur the development of a global carbon market and to 'learn by doing' how to use carbon-purchase transactions across a range of energy-sector technologies (and some forestry applications) to achieve environmentally credible and cost-effective emissions reductions that benefit developing countries and economies in transition. Building on the success of the PCF ($145 million raised from public and private-sector investors), The World Bank expects to launch two new funds in 2002: the Biocarbon Fund and the Community Development Carbon Fund. These funds will target synergies between carbon markets and objectives such as biodiversity conservation, combating desertification and small-scale community-driven development. Experience from the PCF shows that developing countries can have a comparative advantage in supplying this global market, as emissions reductions can be achieved in developing countries in the range of $3-$5 per ton of CO(2) equivalent, compared with a marginal abatement cost of $10-$15 per ton of CO(2) equivalent in most countries within the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. However, realizing this economic potential over the next decade, and targeting the market to the rural poor, will require substantial assistance with project development and government legal and institutional capacity building. Specific needs include raising awareness of the potential of carbon markets at all levels (particularly in energy and land-use sectors), clarifying property rights, particularly in the case of communally held land and resources, ensuring the existence of an attractive investment climate, eliminating policies that create perverse incentives and constraints, and mitigating logistical, political and 'reputational' risks that could deter private-sector investors. It will also be necessary to find ways to reconcile the short-term needs of the rural poor and the typically long-term revenue stream associated with carbon sequestration. PMID:12460489

Kiss, Agi; Castro, Gonzalo; Newcombe, Kenneth

2002-08-15

10

Development and validation of a multilateral index to determine economic status in developing countries: the Patient Financial Eligibility Tool (PFET).  

PubMed

The objective was to develop and validate a multilateral index to determine patient ability to pay for medication in low- and middle-income countries. Primary data were collected in 2009 from 117 cancer patients in China, India, Thailand, and Malaysia. The initial tool included income, expenditures, and assets-based items using ad hoc determined brackets. Principal components analysis was performed to determine final weights. Agreement (Kappa) was measured between results from the final tool and from an Impact Survey (IS) conducted after beginning drug therapy to quantify a patient's actual ability to pay in terms of number of drug cycles per year. The authors present the step-by-step methodology employed to develop the tool on a country-by-country basis. Overall Cronbach value was 0.84. Agreement between the Patient Financial Eligibility Tool (PFET) and IS was perfect (equal number of drug cycles) for 58.1% of patients, fair (1 cycle difference) for 29.1%, and poor (>1 cycle) for 12.8%. Overall Kappa was 0.76 (P<0.0001). The PFET is an effective tool for determining an individual's ability to pay for medication. Combined with tiered models for patient participation in the cost of medication, it could help to increase access to high-priced products in developing countries. PMID:23276290

Saba, Joseph; Audureau, Etienne; Bizé, Marion; Koloshuk, Barbara; Ladner, Joël

2013-04-01

11

Inter-American Development Bank Sustainable Development Department  

E-print Network

Inter-American Development Bank Sustainable Development Department Environment Division Forest Correa Pertti Veijalainen Harri Ahveninen Inter-American Development Bank Washington, D.C. Sustainable. At the IDB the work was supervised by Kari Keipi of the Sustainable Development Department (SDS). Bank staff

12

12 CFR Appendix E to Part 225 - Capital Adequacy Guidelines for Bank Holding Companies: Market Risk Measure  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...other short-term instruments, as well as local currency instruments of non-OECD...subdivisions of OECD-based countries, multilateral development banks, and debt instruments...portfolio that is both liquid and well-diversified. 17 For covered...

2010-01-01

13

Democratization and Multilateral Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does democratization increase commitment to multilateral security? In this article, the author argues that democratic transitions increase the incentives of states to cooperate in multilateral security and that this is observable in the rate at which new democracies ratify international treaties of arms control, nuclear nonproliferation, and disarmament. New democrats, she asserts, seek a positive international reputation as an insurance

Isabella Alcañiz

2012-01-01

14

Internet Banking in Greece: Development, Evaluation and Perspectives.  

E-print Network

??Revolutionary developments in marketing, information and communications technology continue to transform the banking and financial industry. Distribution of banking services through the Internet is an… (more)

Papandreou, Andreas-Nikolaos

2006-01-01

15

Annual Bank Conference on Development Economics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since 1988, the World Bank Group (described in the September 25, 1997 Scout Report for Business & Economics) has addressed issues of economic architecture, corporate governance, crime, land reform, and the economics of transition at the Annual Bank Conference on Development Economics (ABCDE). Currently, papers from previous ABCDE's are available online with a keynote addresses, such as by nobel laureate James Tobin, and interested individuals are invited to comment on forthcoming conference papers at the ABCDE homepage.

1988-01-01

16

A multilateral design methodology for development contexts : a framework for the Dharavi potters  

E-print Network

The migration from rural areas to urban environments, and the continuous growth of the current population has caused an increasing shortage of low-in come urban housing in developing countries. In addition, the high cost ...

Razvi, Amina S. (Amina Sultana), 1975-

2002-01-01

17

Remote Sensing Education and Development Countries: Multilateral Efforts through the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS) is an international organization which coordinates space-based Earth observations world wide. Created in 1984, CEOS now comprises 38 national space agencies, regional organizations and international space-related and research groups. The aim of CEOS is to achieve international coordination in the planning of satellite missions for Earth observation and to maximize the utilization of data from these missions world-wide. With regard to developing countries, the fundamental aim of CEOS is to encourage the creation and maintenance of indigenous capability that is integrated into the local decision-making process, thereby enabling developing countries to obtain the maximum benefit from Earth observation. Obtaining adequate access to remote sensing information is difficult for developing countries and students and teachers alike. High unit data prices, the specialized nature of the technology , difficulty in locating specific data, complexities of copyright provisions, the emphasis on "leading edge" technology and research, and the lack of training materials relating to readily understood application are frequently noted obstacles. CEOS has developed an education CD-ROM which is aimed at increasing the integration of space-based data into school curricula, meeting the heretofore unsatisfied needs of developing countries for information about Earth observation application, data sources and future plans; and raising awareness around the world of the value of Earth observation data from space. The CD-ROM is designed to be used with an Internet web browser, increasing the information available to the user, but it can also be used on a stand-alone machine. It contains suggested lesson plans and additional resources for educators and users in developing countries.

Charles, Leslie Bermann

1998-01-01

18

Participation in multilateral effort to develop high performance integrated CPC evacuated collectors. [Compound Parabolic Concentrator (CPC)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Chicago Solar Energy Group has had a continuing program and commitment to develop an advanced evacuated solar collector integrating nonimaging concentration into its design. During the period from 1985--1987, some of our efforts were directed toward designing and prototyping a manufacturable version of an Integrated Compound Parabolic Concentrator (ICPC) evacuated collector tube as part of an international

R. Winston; J. J. OGallagher

1992-01-01

19

Participation in multilateral effort to develop high performance integrated CPC evacuated collectors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Chicago Solar Energy Group has had a continuing program and commitment to develop an advanced evacuated solar collector integrating nonimaging concentration into its design. During the period from 1985-1987, some of our efforts were directed toward designing and prototyping a manufacturable version of an Integrated Compound Parabolic Concentrator (ICPC) evacuated collector tube as part of an international

R. Winston; J. J. Ogallagher

1992-01-01

20

Development Bank Encourages Natural Disaster Planning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In an effort to make countries in Latin America and the Caribbean less vulnerable to natural disasters, the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) announced on 21 December 2005 that it has developed a new draft disaster risk management policy to encourage its member countries to plan for these events. The IDB, the major development bank for the region, decided to place a focus on natural disaster risk planning following several devastating disasters in the region in the 1990s, including 1998's Hurricane Mitch, said Caroline Clarke, IDB senior specialist in disaster prevention and risk management. The IDB provides loans, technical assistance, and policy guidance to reduce poverty and promote sustainable development in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Zielinski, Sarah

2006-02-01

21

Online banking in transition economies: the implementation and development of online banking systems in Romania  

Microsoft Academic Search

Internet banking is one of the newest Internet technology applications, which promises multiple benefits both for the financial institutions and for clients. In the last five years a large number of banks have launched Web sites, offering online banking services. While the implementation and the functioning of these digital systems seem to be relatively smooth in the developed economies, the

Ca?lin Gura?u

2002-01-01

22

The Asian Development Bank`s role in promoting cleaner production in the People`s Republic of China  

SciTech Connect

The People`s Republic of China (PRC) has the fastest growing economy in the world and is the third largest producer and consumer of energy. At the same time, the PRC`s industrial sector contributes heavily to air and water pollution. Because of the linkages between the production and use of energy and environmental degradation, the PRC, with the active support of bilateral and multilateral aid agencies, including the Asian Development Bank (ADB), is adopting measures that link economic growth to improvements in the environment. The PRC is pursuing a two-pronged strategy that involves implementing priority investment programs and promoting economic reforms. The ADB`s experience shows that the concept of cleaner production (CP) has been widely accepted, but the widespread adoption of CP requires a new way of thinking and new management capacities. In this regard, the PRC is at an early stage of promoting CP, and inadequacies in coordination among relevant agencies remain a key obstacle. To support CP activities, the ADB is participating in a cluster of activities within China that include policy development, capacity building, and financing environmental investments. This article describes the ADB`s current efforts to promote CP in PRC and analyzes the effectiveness of those efforts.

Huq, A.; Lohani, B.N.; Jalal, K.F.; Ouano, E.A.R. [Asian Development Bank, Metro Manila (Philippines)] [Asian Development Bank, Metro Manila (Philippines)

1999-09-01

23

12 CFR Appendix 1 to Part 24 - CD-1-National Bank Community Development (Part 24) Investments  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false CD-1-National Bank Community Development (Part 24) Investments 1 Appendix 1 To Part 24 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE...

2014-01-01

24

12 CFR Appendix 1 to Part 24 - CD-1-National Bank Community Development (Part 24) Investments  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false CD-1-National Bank Community Development (Part 24) Investments 1 Appendix 1 To Part 24 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE...

2010-01-01

25

12 CFR Appendix 1 to Part 24 - CD-1-National Bank Community Development (Part 24) Investments  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false CD-1-National Bank Community Development (Part 24) Investments 1 Appendix 1 To Part 24 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE...

2013-01-01

26

12 CFR Appendix 1 to Part 24 - CD-1-National Bank Community Development (Part 24) Investments  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false CD-1-National Bank Community Development (Part 24) Investments 1 Appendix 1 To Part 24 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE...

2011-01-01

27

12 CFR Appendix 1 to Part 24 - CD-1-National Bank Community Development (Part 24) Investments  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false CD-1-National Bank Community Development (Part 24) Investments 1 Appendix 1 To Part 24 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE...

2012-01-01

28

Financial development, bank discrimination and trade credit  

Microsoft Academic Search

Non-state owned firms in China grow tremendously with limited support from banks. This provides a unique setting to test how firms in a country with poorly developed financial institutions fund their prosperous growth opportunities. This paper compares the use of an important non-formal financial channel, trade credit, between state and non-state owned firms in China. We find that, compared to

Ying Ge; Jiaping Qiu

2007-01-01

29

Essays on banking and corporate finance in developing countries  

E-print Network

This dissertation consists of three essays that examine banking and corporate finance in developing countries. Specifically, it explores the theoretical and empirical implications of open capital markets, foreign bank ...

Gormley, Todd A

2006-01-01

30

Bilateralism, multilateralism, and the quest for global free trade  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop an equilibrium theory of trade agreements in which both the degree and the nature (bilateral or multilateral) of trade liberalization are endogenously determined. To determine whether and how bilateralism matters, we also analyze a scenario where countries pursue trade liberalization on only a multilateral basis. We find that when countries have asymmetric endowments or when governments value producer

Kamal Saggi; Halis Murat Yildiz

2009-01-01

31

Bilateralism, multilateralism, and the quest for global free trade  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop an equilibrium theory of trade agreements in which both the degree and the nature (bilateral or multilateral) of trade liberalization are endogenously determined. To determine whether and how bilateralism matters, we also analyze a scenario where countries pursue trade liberalization on only a multilateral basis. We find that when countries have asymmetric endowments or when governments value producer

Kamal Saggi; Halis Murat Yildiz

2010-01-01

32

Learning to Play the Game: Bulgaria's Relations with Multilateral Organisations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article aims to examine the extent to which Bulgarian governments after the fall of communism have succeeded in mastering the challenge of developing constructive and sustainable relations with multilateral organisations. The article focuses on Bulgaria's relations with the EU, the central multilateral organisation in post-Cold War Europe and the overriding target of Bulgarian foreign policy. Achieving integration with the

VESSELIN DIMITROV

33

Foreign Fishery Developments Inter-American Development Bank Lends To  

E-print Network

Foreign Fishery Developments Inter-American Development Bank Lends To EI Salvadore and Haiti in Haiti . The tech- nical cooperation, granted to the Re- public of Haiti, will be used by the Ministry to provide reliable information on the potential of Haiti's fish resources. If their existence and viab ility

34

12 CFR 25.25 - Community development test for wholesale or limited purpose banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Community development test for wholesale...Section 25.25 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT ACT AND...

2011-01-01

35

12 CFR 25.25 - Community development test for wholesale or limited purpose banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Community development test for wholesale...Section 25.25 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT ACT AND...

2013-01-01

36

12 CFR 25.25 - Community development test for wholesale or limited purpose banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Community development test for wholesale...Section 25.25 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT ACT AND...

2014-01-01

37

12 CFR 345.25 - Community development test for wholesale or limited purpose banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Community development test for wholesale...Section 345.25 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE...STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT...

2012-01-01

38

12 CFR 25.25 - Community development test for wholesale or limited purpose banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Community development test for wholesale...Section 25.25 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT ACT AND...

2012-01-01

39

12 CFR 228.25 - Community development test for wholesale or limited purpose banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Community development test for wholesale...Section 228.25 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM...FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT...

2012-01-01

40

12 CFR 345.25 - Community development test for wholesale or limited purpose banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Community development test for wholesale...Section 345.25 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE...STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT...

2011-01-01

41

12 CFR 345.25 - Community development test for wholesale or limited purpose banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Community development test for wholesale...Section 345.25 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE...STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT...

2014-01-01

42

12 CFR 345.25 - Community development test for wholesale or limited purpose banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Community development test for wholesale...Section 345.25 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE...STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT...

2013-01-01

43

12 CFR 228.25 - Community development test for wholesale or limited purpose banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Community development test for wholesale...Section 228.25 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM...FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT...

2011-01-01

44

Emergence of multilateral proto-institutions in global health and new approaches to governance: analysis using path dependency and institutional theory  

PubMed Central

The role of multilateral donor agencies in global health is a new area of research, with limited research on how these agencies differ in terms of their governance arrangements, especially in relation to transparency, inclusiveness, accountability, and responsiveness to civil society. We argue that historical analysis of the origins of these agencies and their coalition formation processes can help to explain these differences. We propose an analytical approach that links the theoretical literature discussing institutional origins to path dependency and institutional theory relating to proto institutions in order to illustrate the differences in coalition formation processes that shape governance within four multilateral agencies involved in global health. We find that two new multilateral donor agencies that were created by a diverse coalition of state and non-state actors, such as the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria and GAVI, what we call proto-institutions, were more adaptive in strengthening their governance processes. This contrasts with two well-established multilateral donor agencies, such as the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank, what we call Bretton Woods (BW) institutions, which were created by nation states alone; and hence, have different origins and consequently different path dependent processes. PMID:23663485

2013-01-01

45

Emergence of multilateral proto-institutions in global health and new approaches to governance: analysis using path dependency and institutional theory.  

PubMed

The role of multilateral donor agencies in global health is a new area of research, with limited research on how these agencies differ in terms of their governance arrangements, especially in relation to transparency, inclusiveness, accountability, and responsiveness to civil society. We argue that historical analysis of the origins of these agencies and their coalition formation processes can help to explain these differences. We propose an analytical approach that links the theoretical literature discussing institutional origins to path dependency and institutional theory relating to proto institutions in order to illustrate the differences in coalition formation processes that shape governance within four multilateral agencies involved in global health. We find that two new multilateral donor agencies that were created by a diverse coalition of state and non-state actors, such as the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria and GAVI, what we call proto-institutions, were more adaptive in strengthening their governance processes. This contrasts with two well-established multilateral donor agencies, such as the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank, what we call Bretton Woods (BW) institutions, which were created by nation states alone; and hence, have different origins and consequently different path dependent processes. PMID:23663485

Gómez, Eduardo J; Atun, Rifat

2013-01-01

46

Rapid development of tissue bank achieved by International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Tissue Banking Programme in China.  

PubMed

Before 1986, the development of tissue banking in China has been slow and relatively uncoordinated. Under the support of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Tissue Banking in China experienced rapid development. In this period, China Institute for Radiation Protection tissue bank mastered systematic and modern tissue banking technique by IAEA training course and gradually developed the first regional tissue bank (Shanxi Provincial Tissue Bank, SPTB) to provide tissue allograft. Benefit from training course, SPTB promoted the development of tissue transplantation by ways of training, brochure, advertisement and meeting. Tissue allograft transplantation acquired recognition from clinic and supervision and administration from government. Quality system gradually is developing and perfecting. Tissue allograft transplantation and tissue bank are developing rapidly and healthy. PMID:23959505

Zhang, Yu-Min; Wang, Jian-Ru; Zhang, Nai-Li; Liu, Xiao-Ming; Zhou, Mo; Ma, Shao-Ying; Yang, Ting; Li, Bao-Xing

2014-09-01

47

Trust and distrust in online banking: Their role in developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Similar to the adoption of automatic teller machines, banks around the world are looking at online banking services as the next technology to reduce costs while maintaining or enhancing services to the customer. In developing countries, the low cost of online banking may enable banks to reach new customers, much like the cell phone offered new possibilities in telephony. Banks

John “Skip” Benamati; Mark A. Serva

2007-01-01

48

The Effects of Bank Ownership Type on Banking Relationships and Multiple Banking in Developing Economies Detailed Evidence from India  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is extensive research on banking relationships, multiple banking, and bank ownership types - foreign-owned, state-owned, and private, domestically-owned banks. However, no prior studies to our knowledge have directly tested the abilities of these ownership types to provide the main banking relationship or second banking relationship with firms, or investigated the effects of these ownership types in determining whether firms

Allen N. Berger; Leora F. Klapper; Maria Soledad Martinez Peria; Rida Zaidi

2005-01-01

49

Participation in multilateral effort to develop high performance integrated CPC evacuated collectors. Final report, July 1, 1986May 31, 1987  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Chicago Solar Energy Group has had a continuing program and commitment to develop an advanced evacuated solar collector integrating nonimaging concentration into its design. During the period from 1985--1987, some of our efforts were directed toward designing and prototyping a manufacturable version of an Integrated Compound Parabolic Concentrator (ICPC) evacuated collector tube as part of an international

R. Winston

1992-01-01

50

Why the case for a multilateral agreement on investment is weak  

Microsoft Academic Search

The demand of industrialized countries for a multilateral agreement on investment to be negotiated under the roof of the WTO is meeting with considerable resistance on the part of developing countries. The proponents of such a multilateral agreement argue that binding disciplines of capital-importing countries would help reduce uncertainty and, hence, result in more foreign direct investment (FDI) in developing

Peter Nunnenkamp; Manoj Pant

2003-01-01

51

The development role of community banks in rural Nigeria.  

PubMed

This paper examined the development role of community banks in rural Nigeria by using the deposit mobilization capability and funding capacity in key sectors of the rural economy as yardsticks. By using a cluster sampling technique, it looks at the achievements of the community banking scheme initiative in terms of economic development. The scheme, established in 1991, has sustained itself and promoted rural development in the country. It is noted that communities have, for the first time, realized that they can advance their own economic fortunes. However, the scheme's performance as supporter of the agricultural sector has not been as well as expected, despite the fact that agriculture dominates Nigeria's rural economy. In view of this, non-banking activities are a welcome development since some of their approaches are proven to be knowledge enhancing and empowering for the rural population. Overall, community banks should attempt to strengthen non-banking approaches by collaborating more with self-help groups or nongovernmental organizations to be more empowering, results-oriented, and sustainable. Moreover, regulatory authorities should ensure that guidelines relate to credit application in terms of volume and sector allocation. PMID:12295957

Onugu, C U

2000-02-01

52

Moving from Bilateral to Multilateral Medical Operations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

When the ISS Integrated Medical Group moved to a multilateral configuration for the ASTROLAB mission, several challenges were encountered and overcome that allowed for a streamlined operational experience. Dating back to the early 1990s, the European Space Agency (ESA) has sent flight surgeon and Biomedical Engineering (BME) personnel to NASA-JSC and Russia to train for space flight operational support. This training was tailored towards the needs of particular Shuttle/Soyuz missions, and more generally for eventual ISS support. With the announcement of the ASTROLAB mission, NASA and ESA personnel worked together to develop a detailed training template for ESA BMEs to ensure successful support of the mission from the European Astronaut Center (EAC). This training included the deployment of ESA BMEs to JSC, as well as the development of a rotation of ISS-certified NASA BMEs to the EAC. In addition to training, NASA, ESA, and the Russian Federal Space Agency (FSA) worked together preflight to develop multilateral flight control support concepts and implementation plans. This resulted in flight control support schedules, operational rules of engagement, and the delineation of responsibilities. NASA also assisted ESA with the development and deployment of workstation displays to allow the ESA medical flight control team to monitor ISS telemetry from the EAC. The goal of this presentation is to provide details of the preflight preparation and in-flight support of the ASTROLAB mission by the ESA, NASA, and FSA medical support teams. In addition, it will identify lessons learned that will be implemented for future multilateral endeavors.

Roden, S.; Polk, J. D.; Janney, R. P.; Volpe, M. A.

2006-01-01

53

Determinants of Bank Profitability in a Developing Economy: Empirical Evidence from the China Banking Sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Chinese banking sector has undergone noteworthy financial reforms, which significantly metamorphosed the banking system. This article seeks to examine the determinants of the profitability of the Chinese banking sector. The empirical analysis is confined to the four State Owned Commercial Banks (SOCBs) and the 12 Joint Stock Commercial Banks (JSCBs) during the postreform period of 2000–2007. The empirical findings

Fadzlan Sufian

2009-01-01

54

International Multilateral Educational Aid Received by China: History, Characteristics, and Effects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thirty years have passed since China began its reform and opening up, to formally accept multilateral educational aid from international organizations, and multilateral educational assistance has made contributions that cannot be overlooked to the reform and development of China's education. This article reviews the history of China's acceptance…

Yuchi, Zhao

2012-01-01

55

THE ROLE OF COMMUNITY BANKS IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: A NIGERIAN CASE STUDY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Decree 46 of 1992 created the National Board for Community Banks which was granted the power to license community banks. Community banks were created to: (1) promote rural development through provision of banking and financial services, (2) enhance rural productive activities, and (3) improve economic status of small-scale producers in rural and urban areas. According to Marx (2004), Nigeria

O. Felix Ayadi; Ladelle M. Hyman; Johnnie Williams

2008-01-01

56

Community banking and economic development: Lessons from Los Angeles  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractAmong the changes in the field of community development is the growing importance of microfinance, both to provide access to credit and as a vehicle for empowerment. Community banks are recognized for their role in meeting these goals, although they remain controversial, as the goals of microfinance are not always agreed upon, with government officials and community members emphasizing different

Greg Andranovich; Ali Modarres; Gerry Riposa

2007-01-01

57

Development of hyperglycemia and diabetes in captive Polish bank voles.  

PubMed

Diabetes has been detected in Danish and Swedish bank voles (Myodes glareolus). There are no data, however, concerning the prevalence of diabetes in populations from other geographic regions. We investigated the frequency and physiological effects of glucose metabolism disorders in captive bank voles from Poland. Single measurement of fasting blood glucose concentration performed in the 3-4month old captive-born bank Polish voles without any disease symptoms showed that 8% of individuals (22/284) displayed an impaired fasting glucose (IFG, blood glucose (BG) ?100mg/dL) and 1% (4/284) showed hyperglycemia (BG ?126mg/dL) which could suggest diabetes. Next, we analyzed blood glucose in samples taken once a month from an additional cohort of bank voles with (FHD), or without (H), a family history of diabetes. The prevalence of IFG at age six months was 26% (16/62) among bank voles from the H group. In the FHD group the prevalence increased to 49% (43/88), and additional 12% (11/88) became diabetic (DB, BG ?126mg/dL at two time points). Postnatal stress (three maternal deprivations before weaning) did not affect the risk of developing IFG or DB in H voles, but significantly reduced the frequency of glucose metabolism disorders (IFG and DB combined) in FHD voles. IFG was associated with hyperinsulinemia, but not with other biochemical disturbances. Diabetic animals displayed a progressive malformation and vacuolization of ?-cells in the pancreas, without visible leukocytic infiltrations. In summary, our results indicate that Polish captive bank voles can develop diabetes, which shows features of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes in humans. Risk of diabetes is higher in animal with FHD. PMID:23291363

Bartelik, Aleksandra; Ciesla, Maciej; Kotlinowski, Jerzy; Bartelik, Stanislaw; Czaplicki, Dominik; Grochot-Przeczek, Anna; Kurowski, Krzysztof; Koteja, Pawe?; Dulak, Jozef; Józkowicz, Alicja

2013-03-01

58

Development of A Promis Item Bank to Measure Pain Interference  

PubMed Central

This paper describes the psychometric properties of the PROMIS Pain Interference (PROMIS-PI) bank. An initial candidate item pool (n=644) was developed and evaluated based on review of existing instruments, interviews with patients, and consultation with pain experts. From this pool, a candidate item bank of 56 items was selected and responses to the items were collected from large community and clinical samples. A total of 14,848 participants responded to all or a subset of candidate items. The responses were calibrated using an item response theory (IRT) model. A final 41-item bank was evaluated with respect to IRT assumptions, model fit, differential item function (DIF), precision, and construct and concurrent validity. Items of the revised bank had good fit to the IRT model (CFI and NNFI/TLI ranged from 0.974 to 0.997), and the data were strongly unidimensional (e.g., ratio of first and second eigenvalue = 35). Nine items exhibited statistically significant DIF. However, adjusting for DIF had little practical impact on score estimates and the items were retained without modifying scoring. Scores provided substantial information across levels of pain; for scores in the T-score range 50-80, the reliability was equivalent to 0.96 to 0.99. Patterns of correlations with other health outcomes supported the construct validity of the item bank. The scores discriminated among persons with different numbers of chronic conditions, disabling conditions, levels of self-reported health, and pain intensity (p< 0.0001). The results indicated that the PROMIS-PI items constitute a psychometrically sound bank. Computerized adaptive testing and short forms are available. PMID:20554116

Amtmann, Dagmar; Cook, Karon F.; Jensen, Mark P.; Chen, Wen-Hung; Choi, Seung; Revicki, Dennis; Cella, David; Rothrock, Nan; Keefe, Francis; Callahan, Leigh

2010-01-01

59

Central Banking Resource Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Central Banks of the World is a pointers page to central banks and central bank information for over 45 countries, as well as multilateral financial institutions, research and training establishments, and conference information. To show how little is generally known about the history of central banking in the United States, this site includes an email message sent to the webmaster of the First Bank of the United States, promoting a certain software company's web interactivity applications. Of course, since the First Bank of the United States was closed in 1811, its web site is primarily historical. The Central Banks site lists over 30 Internet directories and pointers pages that list the First Bank of the United States as a functioning financial institution. To help remedy this situation, the site includes a pointer to a brief history of banking in the US.

1996-01-01

60

Qualitative Development of the PROMIS® Pediatric Stress Response Item Banks  

PubMed Central

Objective?To describe the qualitative development of the Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS®) Pediatric Stress Response item banks.?Methods?Stress response concepts were specified through a literature review and interviews with content experts, children, and parents. A library comprising 2,677 items derived from 71 instruments was developed. Items were classified into conceptual categories; new items were written and redundant items were removed. Items were then revised based on cognitive interviews (n = 39 children), readability analyses, and translatability reviews.?Results?2 pediatric Stress Response sub-domains were identified: somatic experiences (43 items) and psychological experiences (64 items). Final item pools cover the full range of children’s stress experiences. Items are comprehensible among children aged ?8 years and ready for translation.?Conclusions?Child- and parent-report versions of the item banks assess children’s somatic and psychological states when demands tax their adaptive capabilities. PMID:23124904

Gardner, William; Pajer, Kathleen; Riley, Anne W.; Forrest, Christopher B.

2013-01-01

61

World Bank eAtlas of the Millennium Development Goals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank established a set of Millennium Development Goals as both a challenge to poor countries to demonstrate "good governance" and to wealthy nations as a spur that would hopefully encourage them to support economic and social development. Recently, the World Bank created this visually engaging and sophisticated interactive atlas to track those eight goals, which include the promotion of gender equality, combating disease, and reducing child mortality. Visitors can click on any of these eight goals and they will be able to view maps of the world that document the progress that has been made in each nation. Clicking on each nation individually brings up clear and easy-to-read tables that chart additional changes within each separate goal. Visitors can export the data for their own use, and they can also resize the map to demonstrate the changes made over the past few years.

62

Why do Acquiring Banks in Mergers Concentrate in Well-Developed Areas? Regional Development and Mergers and Acquisitions (M&As) in Banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Colombo L. V. A. and Turati G. Why do acquiring banks in mergers concentrate in well-developed areas? Regional development and mergers and acquisitions (M&As) in banking, Regional Studies. The paper focuses on all mergers and acquisitions (M&As) transactions of regional relevance that occurred in the Italian banking sector between 1995 and 2006. A strong direct effect of regional economic and

Luca V. A. Colombo; Gilberto Turati

2012-01-01

63

Online banking: a field study of drivers, development challenges, and expectations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online banking is the newest and least understood delivery channel for retail banking services. Yet, few, if any, studies were reported quantifying the issues relevant to this cutting-edge technology. This paper reports the results of a quantitative study of the perceptions of banks’ executive and IT managers and potential customers with regard to the drivers, development challenges, and expectations of

Adel M Aladwani

2001-01-01

64

The World Bank Rural Development Field Staff Distance Learning and Training Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Rural Development Distance Learning and Training Strategy targets locally recruited field staff of the World Bank Rural Sector. Field staff at the bank's mission offices worldwide are heterogeneous in terms of culture, ethnicity, race, gender, social class, and religion. However, they have the following in common: they follow the Bank's work…

Mortera-Gutierrez, Fernando

65

The Garden Banks 388 horizontal tree design and development  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the Horizontal Subsea Production Tree System, later referred to as a SpoolTree{trademark}, developed for the Enserch Garden Banks 388 field in the Gulf of Mexico. The paper starts with a project overview followed by a comparison between the SpoolTree and the Conventional Tree design. A brief discussion explains why Enserch elected to use the SpoolTree for this field development, including available technology, workover frequency, cost etc. The rigorous safety analysis carried out for the subsea production equipment is then explained in depth. The paper continues with a technical discussion of the main features specific to the SpoolTree design and the Garden Banks 388 field development. Issues discussed include the SpoolTree itself, BOP Adapter Plate (for control during installation, workover and production), Tubing Hanger and pressure barrier design, debris cap design, downhole communication (SCSSV, chemical injection, pressure and temperature) ROV intervention, template wellbay insert design and other relevant issues. The use of computer based 3-D modelling tool is also briefly described. The experience and results described in this paper have direct application to numerous subsea development prospects worldwide, particularly in deep water. In addition, the ``system development`` aspect of the project is relevant to most marine equipment development projects. This includes the use of safety analysis techniques, 3-D computer modelling tools and clearly defined engineering procedures. A full account of the final design configuration of the SpoolTree system is given in the paper. A summary of the experience gained during the extensive testing at the factory and during the template integration tests is also provided.

Granhaug, O.; Soul, J.

1995-12-31

66

Multilateral Sprint Seminar on Evaluating Progress in Sports Development Since 1989. Budapest, Hungary, April 1-2, 1998. Report of the Committee for the Development of Sport (CDDS).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the proceedings of a 1998 seminar which focused on four themes related to progress in sports development in Europe since 1989. Each of the four sections includes four papers, one from each of the experts from the Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia. "Tours de table" and discussion allowed participation by other…

Council of Europe, Strasbourg (France).

67

Item Banking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the advantages and disadvantages of using item banks while providing useful information to those who are considering implementing an item banking project in their school district. The primary advantage of item banking is in test development. Also describes start-up activities in implementing item banking. (SLD)

Rudner, Lawrence

1999-01-01

68

Developing Countries and a New Round of WTO Negotiations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article summarizes some of the results and findings emerging from an ongoing World Bank research and capacity-building project that focuses on the World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiating agenda from a developing country perspective. Recent research suggests that the potential gains from further multilateral liberalization of trade remain very large. The payoffs associated with attempts to introduce substantive disciplines in

Thomas W. HertelBernard; M. HoekmanWill Martin

2000-01-01

69

The Los Angeles Community Development Bank: The Possible Pitfalls of Public-Private Partnerships  

Microsoft Academic Search

In response to the 1992 Los Angeles riots, the federal government, city and county officials, commercial banks and community leaders established the nonprofit Los Angeles Community Development Bank (L ACDB). This public-private partnership was a new development model, designed to spur economic growth in some of Los Angeles' most disadvantaged areas. The L ACDB was capitalized with $435 million from

Julia Sass Rubin; Gregory M. Stankiewicz

2001-01-01

70

12 CFR 25.25 - Community development test for wholesale or limited purpose banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...area(s) under the community development test through its community development lending, qualified investments, or community development services. (b) Designation as a wholesale or limited purpose bank. In order...

2010-01-01

71

12 CFR 345.25 - Community development test for wholesale or limited purpose banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...area(s) under the community development test through its community development lending, qualified investments, or community development services. (b) Designation as a wholesale or limited purpose bank. In order...

2010-01-01

72

12 CFR 228.25 - Community development test for wholesale or limited purpose banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...area(s) under the community development test through its community development lending, qualified investments, or community development services. (b) Designation as a wholesale or limited purpose bank. In order...

2010-01-01

73

The World Bank, Support for Universities, and Asymmetrical Power Relations in International Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the role of the World Bank in advancing higher education sectors in the developing world, considering in particular the increasing power and strength of a global knowledge-based economy. Given the powerful role that intergovernmental organizations such as the World Bank play in shaping global economic policies, the authors…

Collins, Christopher S.; Rhoads, Robert A.

2010-01-01

74

75 FR 677 - Federal Home Loan Bank Membership for Community Development Financial Institutions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Bank Membership for Community Development Financial Institutions; Final...appropriate regulator on a computer on-line database. Residential...custody of one or more minor children or is pregnant. Targeted...providing financing for economic development projects for targeted...

2010-01-05

75

Development of protected endorsement for online banking using mobile phones  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Securing Online Banking transactions for customer is the primary goal of financial institutions that provides Internet banking facility. Mobile phones play an important role in our society as more and more functions having been integrated within mobile phones, such as Internet browsing, mobile banking, and shopping. Mobiles phones can be used to secure ATM card pins by sending to the customer directly rather than in emails or by other means which has a possibility of hacking. In this paper we have proposed method of generating a Private Key Security Token by bank authentication servers which uses IMSI registers and IMEI number of client's mobile registered. The key is generated by implementing RIPE MD160 and Hex Encode Algorithm. Token received is valid only for that client mobile only and can be generated upon request by customer dynamically. The client is given a PIN and a Master Key when registered to the Online Banking Services. If in case a client's mobile is lost, authentication is done using Unique Master Key, else the Private Key Token is used there by making transactions secured and simple without the need of carrying any USB Tokens. The additional functionality provides the client more security on their transactions. Due to this Phishing attacks by the hackers is avoided.

Narayana, Galla; Venkateswarlu, Tammineni; Kumar, G. S. P.; Padmavathamma, Mokkala; Sreekanth, G.; Delhibabu, K.; Prasad, A. R.

2013-03-01

76

Developing an Initial Physical Function Item Bank from Existing Sources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Illustrates incremental item banking using health-related quality of life data collected from two samples of patients receiving cancer treatment (n=1,755 and n=1,544). Results support findings from previous studies that have equated separate instruments by co-calibrating their items. (SLD)

Bode, Rita K.; Cella, David; Lai, Jin-shei; Heinemann, Allen W.

2003-01-01

77

Latest developments in on- and off-line inspection of bank notes during production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The inspection of bank notes is a highly labour intensive process where traditionally every note on every sheet is inspected manually. However with the advent of more and more sophisticated security features, both visible and invisible, and the requirement of cost reduction in the printing process, it is clear that automation is required. Machines for the automatic inspection of bank notes have been on the market for the past 10 to 12 years, but recent developments in technology have enabled a new generation of detectors and machines to be developed. This paper focuses on the latest developments in both the off-line and on-line inspection of bank notes covering not only the visible spectrum but also a new range of detectors for inspection some of the more common invisible features used as covert features in today's bank notes.

Brown, Stephen C.

2004-06-01

78

Carbonate platforms in the Reed Bank area, South China Sea: seismic characteristics, development and controlling factors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We identify the seismic characteristics about the carbonate platform and other types of reefs in the Reed Bank area, South China Sea, based on a more than 220 km long multi-channel seismic reflection profile. From the Late Oligocene to Early Miocene Carbonate platforms were well developed featured with high-amplitude continuous reflections at the top and low-amplitude parallel reflections within. Reefal carbonate build-ups continued in structural highs almost up to the Middle Miocene, and even to present in the Reed Bank. The development of carbonate platforms and reefs were controlled by the tectonics and sea level changes in the study area synthetically. During the drifting stage of SCS the Reed Bank area was in a relatively stable condition. An everlasting shallow marine environment and low sediments input favored the formation of carbonate platforms. A sudden thermal subsidence after the cessation of SCS's opening in Early Miocene and the continue rising of sea level made the carbonate platform drown and die. Reed Bank basin is a very promising area for further exploration work. Keywords: carbonate platform, Reed Bank area, Tectonic subsidence, controlling factors, South China Sea Fig 1. Model of hydrocarbon accumulation and transfer with carbonate platform and reef reservoir in the deep water area of the Reed Bank basin. Fig 2 Tectonic subsidence in the Reed Bank Basin

Ding, W.

2013-12-01

79

Global Supply Networks and Multilateral Trade Linkages: A Structural Analysis of  

E-print Network

scholarly articles and chapters in books, including the Review of Economics and Statistics, Canadian Journal of Economics, Journal of Development Economics, World Development, and the Review of Income and Wealth. 4 and multilateral diplomacy and trade negotiation. As the system has grown in scope and complexity, well beyond

Kammen, Daniel M.

80

Developing a Quality of Life Measure to Assess the Impact of Community Services: The Case of Australian Community Banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on findings of a study designed to develop and test measures suitable to assessing the perceived comparative contribution of Australian community banks and other more conventional banks to communities served, and the perceived impact of these banks on the well-being and quality of life of individuals who reside in those communities. Findings reveal that perceptions of the

Rhett H. Walker; Graeme Byrne; Lester W. Johnson

2007-01-01

81

Multilateral, regional and bilateral energy trade governance  

SciTech Connect

The current international energy trade governance system is fragmented and multi-layered. Streamlining it for greater legal cohesiveness and international political and economic cooperation would promote global energy security. The current article explores three levels of energy trade governance: multilateral, regional and bilateral. Most energy-rich countries are part of the multilateral trading system, which is institutionalized by the World Trade Organization (WTO). The article analyzes the multilateral energy trade governance system by focusing on the WTO and energy transportation issues. Regionally, the article focuses on five major regional agreements and their energy-related aspects and examines the various causes that explain the proliferation of regional trade agreements, their compatibility with WTO law, and then provides several examples of regional energy trade governance throughout the world. When it comes to bilateral energy trade governance, this article only addresses the European Union’s (EU) bilateral energy trade relations. The article explores ways in which gaps could be filled and overlaps eliminated whilst remaining true to the high-level normative framework, concentrating on those measures that would enhance EU energy security.

Leal-Arcas, Rafael; Grasso, Costantino; Rios, Juan Alemany (Queen Mary Univ. of London (United Kingdom))

2014-12-01

82

Assessment of bank gully development and vegetation coverage on the Chinese Loess Plateau  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Gully erosion is a serious environmental problem and the primary source of sediment loss on the Loess Plateau of China, yet previous research focusing on bank gullies is limited. An assessment of bank gully development is needed as a basis for predicting erosion rates under the effects of vegetation cover and land use change. To estimate bank gully retreat rates under different land uses, assess the factors leading to bank gully development and model gully area growth rate at the catchment scale, 30 catchments with an average area of 39.0 ha were selected in the southeastern part of the Loess Plateau. QuickBird images (0.61 m resolution) obtained in 2003 and 2010 were interpreted to delineate bank gully features, and a 5 m resolution digital elevation model was used to extract topographic factors. The results showed that from 2003 to 2010, the maximum retreat rates of bank gully heads in the 30 investigated catchments ranged between 0.23 and 1.08 m yr- 1, with an average of 0.51 m yr- 1. The ratio of bank gully growth area to valley area changed from 0.49 to 9.45%, depending on land use, with average increases of 3.94, 4.00 and 2.09% for the three land use types identified, i.e. mixed use, grassland and forestland, respectively. Correlation analysis indicated that the effects of topographic factors on bank gullies decreased as vegetation coverage increased in upslope drainage areas and that vegetation coverage exceeding 60% in upslope drainage areas can significantly control bank gully development. A model was built to predict the bank gully area growth rate (Ra, m2 yr- 1) with upslope drainage area (Ai, m2), local slope gradient (S, m m- 1) and the proportion of the area with vegetation coverage below 60% in upslope drainage areas (?0.6) at the catchment scale. The regression equation is in the form Ra = 0.1540[(?0.6Ai)0.24S]3.2588. Compared with previous studies, vegetation is a factor in this model, which would be helpful for assessing the influence of vegetation cover on bank gully development.

Li, Zhen; Zhang, Yan; Zhu, Qingke; He, Yuanmei; Yao, Wenjun

2015-01-01

83

Bank accretion and the development of vegetated depositional surfaces along modified alluvial channels  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This paper describes the recovery of stable bank form and development of vegetated depositional surfaces along the banks of channelized West Tennessee streams. Most perennial streams in West Tennessee were straightened and dredged since the turn of the century. Patterns of fluvial ecological responses to channelization have previously been described by a six-stage model. Dendrogeomorphic (tree-ring) techniques allowed the determination of location, timing, amount, and rate of bank-sediment deposition. Channel cross sections and ecological analyses made at 101 locations along 12 streams, encompassing bends and straight reaches, show that channel and bank processes initially react vertically to channelization through downcutting. A depositional surface forms on banks once bed-degradation and heightened bank mass wasting processes have eased or slowed. The formation of this depositional surface marks the beginning of bank recovery from channelization. Dominating lateral processes, characteristic of stable or natural channels, return during the formation and expansion of the depositional surface, suggesting a relation with thalweg deflection, point-bar development, and meanderloop extension. Characteristic woody riparian vegetation begins to grow as this depositional surface develops and becomes part of the process and form of restabilizing banks. The depositional surface initially forms low on the bank and tends to maintain a slope of about 24??. Mean accretion rates ranges from 5.9 cm/yr on inside bends to 0 cm/yr on most outside bends; straight reaches have a mean-accretion rate of 4.2 cm/yr. The relatively stable, convex upward, depositional surface expands and ultimately attaches to the flood plain. The time required for the recovery process to reach equilibrium averaged about 50 years. Indicative pioneer speccies of woody riparian vegetation include black willow, river birch, silver maple, and boxelder. Stem densities generally decrease with time after and initial flush of about 160 stems per 100 m2. Together bank accretion and vegetative regrowth appear to be the most important environmental processes involved in channel bank recovery from channelization or rejuvenation. ?? 1991.

Hupp, C.R.; Simon, A.

1991-01-01

84

Development of superconductive microwave filters for mobile communications and filter banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of superconductive microwave filters connected to the use of cooled electronics is now in the critical phase of system integration. All the different steps of filter development, design and fabrication must be controlled, reproducible and technically realisable by conventional microelectronics tools. We developed filters for mobile communications and filter banks with the goal of optimising these aspects. Lanthanum

B. Marcilhac; Y. Lemaitre; D. Mansart; J. C. Mage

1999-01-01

85

World Bank's Global Development Learning Network: Sharing Knowledge Electronically between Nations To "Fight Poverty."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Global Development Learning Network (GDLN), a satellite-driven global communication system developed by the World Bank to help developing countries fight poverty and share in a global exchange of information. Explains Distance Learning Centers that are used by private and public organizations and institutions for distance education…

Lorenzo, George

2002-01-01

86

Enhanced Bank-Stability Modeling With Coupled Geotechnical, Hydraulic and Near-Bank Groundwater Sub-Models: Development and Validation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Physically-based, deterministic bank-stability models have recently been developed to effectively simulate the driving and resisting forces governing streambank erosion. Significant advances have been made in the manner in which groundwater flow through variably saturated porous media, planar and circular geotechnical failures and fluvial sediment transport are simulated. However, to date, coupling these models has required tedious exporting and conversion of geometries and results and manual remeshing. In this presentation, we introduce the first fully integrated suite of models that deterministically simulate the controlling hydrologic, hydraulic and geotechnical processes that govern streambank erosion and channel-width adjustment. The model suite incorporates routines that: 1. Permit the user to enter between 5 and 23 points to describe the bank cross-sectional geometry; 2. Automatically generate a mesh by which to implicitly discretize the 2-D Richards equation utilizing finite volumes. The resulting pentadiagonal matrix is solved iteratively with Stone's Strongly Implicit Procedure (SIP). Timesteps are automatically adjusted to minimize mass balance and truncation errors; 3. Evaluate the force-equilibrium factor of safety (Fs), permitting the simulation of planar and cantilever shear failures with a horizontal slice method and planar shear failures with tension cracks with a rigorous vertical slice method. A random walk approach is adopted to search for the minimum Fs; 4. Estimate the increase in cohesion due to vegetation with a global load-sharing Fibre Bundle Model; and 5. Simulate the erosion of the bank face and bank toe with an excess shear stress approach. Management options to increase slope stability (through the addition of vegetation) and reduce channel- boundary erodibility (through the addition of natural and artificial structures) are also incorporated. We illustrate the efficacy of the modeling approach with a series of case studies in which the components are validated both separately and in unison. Case studies are presented including those from previously published lysimeter experiments and an actively eroding meander bend on Goodwin Creek, Mississippi. The examples illustrate the use of the model suite to: 1. Understand the rates and importance of geotechnical and hydraulic processes in streambank erosion; 2. Estimate the absolute and relative contribution of geotechnical failures and hydraulic scour to volumetric fluvial sediment loads; and 3. Estimate the impact of potential streambank-erosion management and river restoration strategies.

Thomas, R. E.; Simon, A.; Bankhead, N.

2008-12-01

87

Gangs, Soldiers and "Idle Girls": Constructions of Youth and Development in World Bank Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the World Bank's recent World Development Report on youth and development (2007) as an empirical example to explore the links between the employment of "group identity" and the use of policy frameworks. Drawing on feminist theory to analyse the representations of young people put forward within the report, this article…

Luttrell-Rowland, Mikaela

2007-01-01

88

Efficiency in Reaching the Millennium Development Goals. World Bank Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) provide clear targets and areas of focus for international organizations such as the World Bank. At a conceptual level, to reduce poverty and hunger, to improve education and health indicators, and to promote gender equality and sustainable development, countries can either increase the resources they…

Jayasuriya, Ruwan, Ed.; Wodon, Quentin, Ed.

89

Articulated Arm Coordinate Measuring Machine Calibration by Laser Tracker Multilateration  

PubMed Central

A new procedure for the calibration of an articulated arm coordinate measuring machine (AACMM) is presented in this paper. First, a self-calibration algorithm of four laser trackers (LTs) is developed. The spatial localization of a retroreflector target, placed in different positions within the workspace, is determined by means of a geometric multilateration system constructed from the four LTs. Next, a nonlinear optimization algorithm for the identification procedure of the AACMM is explained. An objective function based on Euclidean distances and standard deviations is developed. This function is obtained from the captured nominal data (given by the LTs used as a gauge instrument) and the data obtained by the AACMM and compares the measured and calculated coordinates of the target to obtain the identified model parameters that minimize this difference. Finally, results show that the procedure presented, using the measurements of the LTs as a gauge instrument, is very effective by improving the AACMM precision. PMID:24688418

Majarena, Ana C.; Brau, Agustín; Velázquez, Jesús

2014-01-01

90

Multilateral Disarmament: Conspiracy for Common Sense. Occasional Paper 31.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines the danger of continuing the conventional and nuclear arms races and offers alternatives to ensure both peace and security. There are five major sections to the paper. In the first section, "Mulitlateral Approach," global multilateral accomplishments, regional multilateral activities, and bilateral negotiations are discussed.…

Stanley, C. Maxwell

91

Learner Interpretations of Shared Space in Multilateral English Blogging  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study aims to understand how English learners interpret shared space in an online multilateral English blogging context and how their interpretations of shared space contribute to their multilateral exchange experience. Twenty-four Asian learners of English from two different universities--one in Japan and one in…

Yang, Yu-Feng

2011-01-01

92

Transboundary Water Conflicts over Hydropower and Irrigation: Can Multinational Development Banks Help?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a model of a transboundary water conflict involv- ing upstream hydropower use and downstream irrigation use. The conflict arises because upstream water release may not coincide with seasonal irri- gation needs of the downstream riparian. Policy interventions by multi- national development banks (MDBs) are of particular interest because these agencies have a comparative advantage in promoting transboundary

Lars Christian Moller

93

Propagule banks, herbivory and nutrient supply control population development and dominance patterns in macroalgal blooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lotze, H. K., Worm, B. and Sommer, U. 2000. Propagule banks, herbivory and nutrient supply control population development and dominance patterns in macroal- gal blooms. - Oikos 89: 46-58. Destructive macroalgal mass blooms threaten estuarine and coastal ecosystems worldwide. We asked which factors regulate macroalgal bloom intensity, distribution and species composition. In field experiments in the Baltic Sea, we analyzed

Heike K. Lotze; Boris Worm; Ulrich Sommer

2000-01-01

94

Developing a model to restructure the overpopulated banking industry in Lebanon  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research is to develop a multivariate statistical model to classify the commercial banks in Lebanon in cohesive categories on the basis of their financial characteristics revealed by the financial ratios. This article uses factor analysis as a data reduction technique to reduce 52 financial ratios into seven financial ratios that adequately explain differences in performance among

Abdulrazzak Charbaji

2001-01-01

95

Extractive industries and sustainable development: an evaluation of World Bank Group experience  

SciTech Connect

How effectively has the World Bank Group assisted its clients in enhancing the contribution of the extractive industries to sustainable development? (Extractive industries include oil, gas, and mining of minerals including coals and metals.) This evaluation finds that with its global mandate and experience, comprehensive country development focus, and overarching mission to fight poverty, the World Bank Group is well positioned to help countries overcome the policy, institutional, and technical challenges that prevent them from transforming resource endowments into sustainable benefits. Furthermore, the World Bank Group's achievements are many. On the whole, its extractive industries projects have produced positive economic and financial results, though compliance with its environmental and social safeguards remains a challenge. Its research has broadened and deepened understanding of the causes for the disappointing performance of resource-rich countries. Its guidelines for the mitigation of adverse environmental and social impacts have been widely used and appreciated. More recently, it has begun to address the challenge of country governance with a variety of instruments. The World Bank Group can, however, do much to improve its performance in enhancing the extractive industry sector's contribution to sustainable development and poverty reduction. The report identifies three main areas for improvement - formulating an integrated strategy, strengthening implementation and engagement of stakeholders. 5 annexes.

Andres Liebenthal; Roland Michelitsch; Ethel Tarazona

2005-07-01

96

Bank ownership type and banking relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

We formulate and test hypotheses about the role of bank ownership type—foreign, state-owned, and private domestic banks—in banking relationships. Our application uses data from India, an important developing nation. The empirical results are consistent with all of our hypotheses with regard to foreign banks. First, these banks tend to establish relationships with relatively transparent firms. Second, firms that have relationships

Allen N. Berger; Leora F. Klapper; Maria Soledad Martinez Peria; Rida Zaidi

2008-01-01

97

The World Bank: An Online Atlas of the Millennium Development Goals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank established a set of Millennium Development Goals as both a challenge to poor countries to demonstrate "good governance" and to wealthy nations as a spur that would hopefully encourage them to support economic and social development. Recently, the World Bank created this visually engaging and sophisticated interactive atlas to track those eight goals, which include the promotion of gender equality, combating disease, and reducing child mortality. Visitors can click on any of these eight goals and they will be able to view maps of the world that document the progress that has been made in each nation. Clicking on each nation individually brings up clear and easy-to-read tables that chart additional changes within each separate goal. Visitors can export the data for their own use, and they can also resize the map to demonstrate the changes made over the past few years.

98

Geoecological aspects of comprehensive development of Tomsk left-bank area  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The article deals with the unique geoecological characteristics of the left bank of the river Tom' within Tomsk area (Russia). The authors suggest methodological approaches to land management in regions with intensive interaction of ecosystems and technogenic complexes. It proves the necessity to use the systems approach and estimating method to solve the tasks of urban development and land management. The authors make a conclusion about the most rational land use of the studied area in terms of ecologized land management.

Seryakov, S.; Seryakova, R.; Baranova, A.; Potseluyev, A.

2015-01-01

99

Teachers' Applications of Banks' Typology of Ethnic Identity Development and Curriculum Goals to Story Content and Classroom Discussion: Phase Two. Instructional Resource No. 35.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional resource presents ways in which teachers participating in a lesson bank exchange program for an ongoing research project have applied J. A. Banks' typology of ethnic identity development and related curriculum goals to literacy instruction. Banks' definitions of the stages of development and the curriculum goals for each stage…

Tomlinson, Louise M.

100

Development of bank gullies on the shore zone of the Bratsk Reservoir (Russia)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Erosional landforms of the gully type include among others V-shaped dissections in high shores of water bodies or steep slopes of large river valleys in various morphoclimatic zones (Drozdowski 1977; Gawrysiak 1994; Burkard, Kostaschuk 1997; Smolska 2007; Leyland, Darby 2008; Superson, Zagórski 2008; Repelewska-P?kalowa et al. 2013). Such erosional dissections, known as bank gullies, develop as a result of concentrated overland flow caused by intensive precipitation or snowmelt. They are usually ephemeral landforms reaching insignificant sizes in natural conditions. They can exceptionally develop during one event and as a result of increased rate of erosion caused by agricultural activities (Rodzik et. al. 2004, 2011; Rodzik, Terpi?owski 2005). An accelerated development of bank gullies is also observed in the zone of artificial dam reservoirs (Pecherkin 1969; Ovchinnikov et al. 1999). In the area of the Kamsk Reservoir, an increase in the volume of gullies developed in loess-like sediments is 2-3 times higher than shore degradation by abrasion processes (Pecherkin 1969). Gully erosion is also an important source of material deposited in the slope zone and in water bodies (Vandekerckhove et al. 2001; Poesen et al. 2003; Foster et al. 2007). The high number and various stages of development of bank gullies dissecting the southern shores of the Bratsk Reservoir encouraged undertaking studies on the rate of development and evolution of these landforms (Ovchinnikov et al. 1999; Mazaeva et al. 2006, 2014; Grobelska et al. 2007; Kaczmarek et al. 2012). High seasonal and annual water level fluctuations in dam reservoirs provide conditions for development of the described gully landforms substantially different than those occurring in the zone of marine shores, lakes, or river valleys. The primary objective of the study was the determination of the current conditions and the identification of factors responsible for the development of gullies in the coastal zone of the Bratsk Reservoir. Another task was to prepare the morphological description of the resulting landforms and their classification

Mazaeva, Oksana; Pelinen, Vadim; Janicki, Grzegorz

2014-06-01

101

Large-scale carbonate platform development of Cay Sal Bank, Bahamas, and implications for associated reef geomorphology  

E-print Network

for the immature development of platform-top processes on the CSB, but numeric modeling suggests its influence to be restricted to the deep flanks of the bank. Further, sediment distribution on CSB, including infill patterns

Purkis, Sam

102

Timing of fire relative to seed development controls availability of non-serotinous aerial seed banks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The existence of non-serotinous, non-sprouting species in fire regimes where serotiny confers an adaptive advantage is puzzling, particularly when these species recruit poorly from soil seed banks or from burn edges. In this paper, white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss) was used to show that the timing of fire relative to seed development can control aerial seed bank availability for non-serotinous species. To estimate seed survival in closed cones during crown fires, cone heating was simulated using a one-dimensional conduction model implemented in a computational fluid dynamics (Navier-Stokes) fire spread model. To quantify the area burned when germinable seed would be contained in closed cones, empirical fire occurrence and seed development (germinability and cone opening) data were compared for multiple locations across the white spruce range. Approximately 12% of cones contained viable seed following crown fire simulations (0.072 m s-1 mean spread rate; 9147 kW m-1 mean intensity), and roughly half of the historical area burned resulted from fires that occurred when closed cones would contain germinable seed. Post-fire recruitment from in situ aerial seed banks can occur for non-serotinous species, and may be an important cause of their existence in fire regimes to which they otherwise seem poorly suited.

Michaletz, S. T.; Johnson, E. A.; Mell, W. E.; Greene, D. F.

2012-11-01

103

Organization, Management and Function of International Space Station (ISS) Multilateral Medical Operations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Long duration crews have inhabited the ISS since November of 2000. The favorable medical outcomes of its missions can be largely attributed to sustained collective efforts of all ISS Partners medical organizations. In-flight medical monitoring and support, although crucial, is just a component of the ISS system of Joint Medical Operations. The goal of this work is to review the principles, design, and function of the multilateral medical support of the ISS Program. The governing documents, which describe the relationships among all ISS partner medical organizations, were evaluated, followed by analysis of the roles, responsibilities, and decision-making processes of the ISS medical boards, panels, and working groups. The degree of integration of the medical support system was evaluated by reviewing the multiple levels of the status reviews and mission assurance activities carried out throughout the last six years. The Integrated Medical Group, consisting of physicians and other essential personnel in the mission control centers represents the front-line medical support of the ISS. Data from their day-to-day activities are presented weekly at the Space Medicine Operations Team (SMOT), where known or potential concerns are addressed by an international group of physicians. A broader status review is conducted monthly to project the state of crew health and medical support for the following month, and to determine measures to return to nominal state. Finally, a comprehensive readiness review is conducted during preparations for each ISS mission. The Multilateral Medical Policy Board (MMPB) issues medical policy decisions and oversees all health and medical matters. The Multilateral Space Medicine Board (MSMB) certifies crewmembers and visitors for training and space flight to the Station, and physicians to practice space medicine for the ISS. The Multilateral Medical Operations Panel (MMOP) develops medical requirements, defines and supervises implementation of operational countermeasures, environmental monitoring, medical care, and emergency medical services. MMOP assures the medical readiness of the Station for each subsequent mission or critical event. All boards and panels have functioned effectively and without interruptions even in various challenging circumstances. Based on the experience of the authors, consensus has prevailed as the primary nature of decisions made by all ISS medical groups, at all levels. The six first years of piloted operation have demonstrated the ability of the ISS medical authority groups and the medical infrastructure to implement medical policies and requirements, effectively interface with non-medical groups, and maintain the health and productivity of the crew in an integrated, multilaterally coordinated fashion. The medical support system appears to be mature and ready for further expansion of all Partners roles, and for the anticipated increase in the size of ISS crews.

Duncan, James M.; Bogomolov, V. V.; Castrucci, F.; Koike, Y.; Comtois, J. M.; Sargsyan, A. E.

2007-01-01

104

Sediment transport and development of banner banks and sandwaves in an extreme tidal system: Upper Bay of Fundy, Canada  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Multibeam sonar mapping and geophysical and geological groundtruth surveys were coupled with tidal current and sediment transport model calculations to investigate the sediment transport and formation processes of the complex seabed features off the Cape Split headland in the upper Bay of Fundy. The Cape Split banner bank, composed of coarse to very coarse sand, is a southwest-northeast oriented, large tear-drop shaped sand body with superimposed sand waves that show wavelengths from 15 to 525 m and heights from 0.5 to 19 m. Isolated and chains of barchan dunes occur on top of a shadow bank to the southeast of the banner bank. The barchan dunes are composed of well-sorted medium sand and are oriented northwest-southeast. Their mean height and width are 1.5 and 55 m, respectively. A gravel bank, with an elongated elliptical shape and west-east orientation, lies in the Minas Passage erosional trough east of the headland to form the counterpart to the sandy Cape Split banner bank. The southern face is featureless but the northern face is covered by gravel megaripples. Tidal model predictions and sediment transport calculations show that the formation of the banner bank and the gravel bank are due to the development of the transient counter-clockwise and clockwise tidal eddies respectively to the west and east of the headland. The formation of barchan dunes is controlled by the nearly unidirectional flow regime in outer Scots Bay. Sand waves on the flanks of the Cape Split banner bank show opposite asymmetry and the barchan dunes are asymmetric to the northeast. The tidal current and sediment transport predictions corroborate bedform asymmetry to show that sand wave migration and net sediment transport is to southwest on the northern flank of the banner bank but to northeast on the southern bank. Long-term migration of the Scots Bay barchan dunes is to the northeast. Spring-condition tidal currents can cause frequent mobilization and high-stage transport over the banner bank and barchan dunes. Strong currents in Minas Passage can cause infrequent low-stage transport over the megarippled northern face but are not high enough to mobilize the coarser gravels on the southern face of the gravel bank.

Li, Michael Z.; Shaw, John; Todd, Brian J.; Kostylev, Vladimir E.; Wu, Yongsheng

2014-07-01

105

Banking on the Internet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Electronic ground was broken in 1995 with the development of the completely Internet-based bank Security First Network Bank. This article discusses the need for developing online services, outlines the reasons for the formation of an Internet-based bank and argues that to remain competitive financial services providers must provide easier customer…

Internet Research, 1996

1996-01-01

106

The Core of an Economy with Multilateral Environmental Externalities  

Microsoft Academic Search

When environmental externalities are international - i.e. transfrontier - they most often are multilateral and embody public good characteristics. Improving upon inefficient laissez-faire equilibria requires voluntary cooperation for which the game-theoretic core concept provides optimal outcomes that have interesting properties against free riding. To define the core, however, the characteristic function of the game associated with the economy (which specifies

Henry Tulkens; Parkash Chander

1997-01-01

107

MULTILATERAL INVERSION OF Ar, Cr AND Dr BASIC HYPERGEOMETRIC SERIES  

E-print Network

MULTILATERAL INVERSION OF Ar, Cr AND Dr BASIC HYPERGEOMETRIC SERIES MICHAEL J. SCHLOSSER Abstract inverses with Ar and Dr extensions of Jackson's 87 summation theorem three balanced very-well-poised 88 Combinatorics and Probabilistic Number Theory"). 1 #12;2 MICHAEL J. SCHLOSSER This result was directly extracted

Schlosser, Michael

108

Developing biological resource banks as a supporting tool for wildlife reproduction and conservation The Iberian lynx bank as a model for other endangered species.  

PubMed

This work presents a Biological Resource Bank generated as a complementary supporting tool for the reproduction and the in situ and ex situ conservation of the Iberian lynx. In its design we prioritized the preservation of a maximum of the current genetic and biological diversity of the population, and the harmless collection of the samples. To provide future reproductive opportunities through any possible technique, we processed and cryopreserved germinal cells and tissues from dead animals, 7 males and 6 females, as well as somatic cells and tissues from 69 different individuals. This somatic cell reserve reflects a very important fraction of the population biodiversity which, furthermore, will allow the development of a wide variety of studies that can be easily extrapolated to the majority of the population. We have developed a new non-destructive method to isolate cells with stem-cell-like properties. If considered convenient in the future, and after proper research, such cells could permit therapeutic applications and perhaps be a good source to be used in somatic cell nuclear transfer. Samples of whole blood and its derivatives, hairs, urine and feces from many different individuals were also preserved. Proper storage of such samples is required to allow epidemiological studies to be performed for the testing of different etiological hypotheses or, in general, to develop any bio-sanitary study to improve conservation strategies within the natural habitat. This work describes the main aspects involved in the practical implementation of the Iberian lynx Biological Resource Bank, as a model that could be useful for the development of similar banks for other endangered species. PMID:18585877

Leon-Quinto, Trinidad; Simon, Miguel A; Cadenas, Rafael; Jones, Jonathan; Martinez-Hernandez, Francisco J; Moreno, Juan M; Vargas, Astrid; Martinez, Fernando; Soria, Bernat

2009-06-01

109

Application of a computerized vibroacoustic data bank for random vibration criteria development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A computerized data bank system was developed for utilization of large amounts of vibration and acoustic data to formulate component random vibration design and test criteria. This system consists of a computer, graphics tablets, and a dry silver hard copier which are all desk top type hardware and occupy minimal space. Currently, the data bank contains data from the Saturn 5 and Titan 3 flight and static test programs. The vibration and acoustic data are stored in the form of power spectral density and one third octave band plots over the frequency range from 20 to 2000 Hz. The data were stored by digitizing each spectral plot by tracing with the graphics tablet. The digitized data were statistically analyzed, and the resulting 97.5 percent confidence levels were stored on tape along with the appropriate structural parameters. Standard extrapolation procedures were programmed for prediction of component random vibration test criteria for new launch vehicle and payload configurations. A user's manual is included to guide potential users through the programs.

Ferebee, R. C.

1982-01-01

110

The management and design of economic development projects: A case study of World Bank electricity projects in Egypt  

SciTech Connect

This study is concerned with the efficiency of World Bank projects in Egypt. The study seeks improvements in the methods of evaluating public sector projects in Egypt. To approaches are employed: (1) project identification to optimally allocate Egypt's and World Bank's resources; (2) project appraisal to assess the economic viability and efficiency of investments. The electricity sector is compared with the agriculture sector as a means of employing project identification for priority ordering of investment for development in Egypt. The key criteria for evaluation are the impacts of developments of each sector upon Egypt's national objectives and needs. These include employment opportunities, growth, alleviation of poverty, cross comparison of per capita consumption in each sector, economic rate of return, national security, balance of payments and foreign debt. The allocation of scarce investments would have been more efficient in agriculture than in electricity in meeting Egypt's national objectives and needs. World Bank lending programs in Egypt reveal a priority ordering of electricity over agriculture and rural development. World Bank development projects in Egypt have not been optimally identified, and its programs have not followed an efficient allocation of World Bank's and Egypt's resources. The key parameters in evaluating economic viability and efficiency of development projects are: (1) the discount rate (the opportunity cost of public funds); (2) the exchange rate; and (3) the cost of major inputs, as approximated by shadow prices of labor, water, electricity, and transportation for development projects. Alternative approaches to estimating the opportunity cost of public funds are made. The parameters in evaluating the efficiency of projects have not been accurately estimated in the appraisal stage of the World Bank projects in Egypt, resulting in false or misleading information concerning the economic viability and efficiency of the projects.

El Sabaa, S.M.

1992-01-01

111

Database Management for Item Banking and Test Development: An Application of dBase II for the Microcomputer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The background and results of an effort to use dBASE II, a microcomputer database management package, to establish, maintain, and update an item bank useful in a complex test development process are presented. The paper explores some of the perspectives and considerations in designing such a database which make the test development process easier,…

Bowers, John J.

112

A model of a code of ethics for tissue banks operating in developing countries.  

PubMed

Ethical practice in the field of tissue banking requires the setting of principles, the identification of possible deviations and the establishment of mechanisms that will detect and hinder abuses that may occur during the procurement, processing and distribution of tissues for transplantation. This model of a Code of Ethics has been prepared with the purpose of being used for the elaboration of a Code of Ethics for tissue banks operating in the Latin American and the Caribbean, Asia and the Pacific and the African regions in order to guide the day-to-day operation of these banks. The purpose of this model of Code of Ethics is to assist interested tissue banks in the preparation of their own Code of Ethics towards ensuring that the tissue bank staff support with their actions the mission and values associated with tissue banking. PMID:22120151

Morales Pedraza, Jorge

2012-12-01

113

Development and characterization of a mantle cell lymphoma cell bank in the American Type Culture Collection.  

PubMed

ABSTRACT Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a rare B-cell malignancy that carries a relatively poor prognosis compared to other forms of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Standardized preclinical tools are desperately required to hasten the discovery and translation of promising new treatments for MCL. Through an initiative organized through the Mantle Cell Lymphoma Consortium and the Lymphoma Research Foundation, we gathered MCL cell lines from laboratories around the world to create a characterized MCL cell bank at the American Type Culture Collection (ATCC). Initiated in 2006, this collection now contains 8 cell lines, all of which have been rigorously characterized and are now stored and available for distribution to the general scientific community. We believe the awareness and use of these standardized cell lines will decrease variability between investigators, harmonize international research efforts, improve our understanding of the pathogenesis of the disease, and hasten the development of novel treatment strategies. PMID:25315077

Fogli, Laura K; Williams, Michael E; Connors, Joseph M; Reid, Yvonne; Brown, Kathleen; O'Connor, Owen A

2014-10-15

114

Development of small carbonate banks on the south Florida platform margin: Response to sea level and climate change  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Geophysical and coring data from the Dry Tortugas, Tortugas Bank, and Riley's Hump on the southwest Florida margin reveal the stratigraphic framework and growth history of these carbonate banks. The Holocene reefs of the Dry Tortugas and Tortugas Bank are approximately 14 and 10 m thick, respectively, and are situated upon Pleistocene reefal edifices. Tortugas Bank consists of the oldest Holocene corals in the Florida Keys with earliest coral recruitment occurring at ???9.6 cal ka. Growth curves for the Tortugas Bank reveal slow growth (<1 mm/yr) until 6.2 cal ka, then a rapid increase to 3.4 mm/yr, until shallow reef demise at ???4.2 cal ka. Coral reef development at the Dry Tortugas began at ???6.4 cal ka. Aggradation at the Dry Tortugas was linear, and rapid (???3.7 mm/yr) and kept pace with sea-level change. The increase in aggradation rate of Tortugas Bank at 6.2 cal ka is attributed to the growth of the Dry Tortugas reefs, which formed a barrier to inimical shelf water. Termination of shallow (<15 m below sea level) reef growth at Tortugas Bank at ???4.2 cal ka is attributed to paleoclimate change in the North American interior that increased precipitation and fluvial discharge. Reef growth rates and characteristics are related to the rate of sea-level rise relative to the position of the reef on the shelf margin, and are additionally modified by hydrographic conditions related to climate change. ?? 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Mallinson, D.; Hine, A.; Hallock, P.; Locker, S.; Shinn, E.; Naar, D.; Donahue, B.; Weaver, D.

2003-01-01

115

OUT OF THE GOODNESS OF THEIR HEARTS? REGULATORY AND REGIONAL IMPACTS ON BANK INVESTMENT IN HOUSING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN THE UNITED STATES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Banks are considered key actors in affordable housing and community development in the United States. Their involvement in such activities may be due partly to their dependence on economic rents generated from development. In the United States, however, banks are encouraged to support such activities by the federal 1977 Community Reinvestment Act (CRA). I examine how dif- ferent factors explain

DAN IMMERGLUCK

116

Assessment of health-related quality of life in arthritis: conceptualization and development of five item banks using item response theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Modern psychometric methods based on item response theory (IRT) can be used to develop adaptive measures of health-related quality of life (HRQL). Adaptive assessment requires an item bank for each domain of HRQL. The purpose of this study was to develop item banks for five domains of HRQL relevant to arthritis. METHODS: About 1,400 items were drawn from published

Jacek A Kopec; Eric C Sayre; Aileen M Davis; Elizabeth M Badley; Michal Abrahamowicz; Lesley Sherlock; J Ivan Williams; Aslam H Anis; John M Esdaile

2006-01-01

117

Emerging Regions, Persisting Rhetoric of Educational Aid: The Impact of the Asian Development Bank on Educational Policy Making in Kazakhstan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the Asian Development Bank's (ADB) discourses and practices in the context of its educational sector support in Kazakhstan. Drawing on the document analysis and interviews with the ADB staff and Kazakhstan's education officials, the article examines ADB's discursive and operational frameworks in this Central Asian country. The…

Asanova, Jazira

2006-01-01

118

Higher Education in China: Consulting for the Asian Development Bank on Higher Education Reform. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the relationship of the Chinese National Academy of Educational Administration, the Asian Development Bank, and a consulting U.S. university in a project to provide technical assistance for senior Chinese university administrators in management training and modernization of facilities. Although the higher education component in…

Mauch, James

119

Banking and Economic Development: Brazil, 1889 1930. By Gail D. Triner. New York: Palgrave, 2000. Pp. xv, 333  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book marks an important addition to the literature on banks and capital markets in the economic development of Latin America. In the field of Brazilian economic history, it will take its place on a short shelf of basic reference works that engage their subject in a systematic fashion. What makes the book especially ambitious is its attempt to link

Zephyr Frank

2001-01-01

120

Wisconsin Title I Migrant Education. Section 143 Project: Development of an Item Bank. Summary Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The successful Wisconsin Title 1 project item bank offers a valid, flexible, and efficient means of providing migrant student tests in reading and mathematics tailored to instructor curricula. The item bank system consists of nine PASCAL computer programs which maintain, search, and select from approximately 1,000 test items stored on floppy disks…

Brown, Frank N.; And Others

121

The Development and Management of Banks of Performance Based Test Items.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Symposium papers presented at an Annual Meeting of the National Council on Measurement in Education (Chicago, 1972), all of which concern banks of test items for use in constructing criterion referenced tests, comprise this document. The first paper, "Locally Produced Item Banks" by Thomas J. Slocum, presents information on the procedures, staff…

Curtis, H. A., Ed.

122

Three-D multilateration: A precision geodetic measurement system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A technique of satellite geodesy for determining the relative three dimensional coordinates of ground stations within one centimeter over baselines of 20 to 10,000 kilometers is discussed. The system is referred to as 3-D Multilateration and has applications in earthquake hazard assessment, precision surveying, plate tectonics, and orbital mechanics. The accuracy is obtained by using pulsed lasers to obtain simultaneous slant ranges between several ground stations and a moving retroreflector with known trajectory for aiming the lasers.

Escobal, P. R.; Ong, K. M.; Vonroos, O. H.; Shumate, M. S.; Jaffe, R. M.; Fliegel, H. F.; Muller, P. M.

1973-01-01

123

Multilateration with the wide-angle laser ranging system: ranging performance and first ground-based validation experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

A wide-angle laser ranging system has been developed for high-precision multilateration. A laser transmits short pulses in a widely diverging beam toward a network of cube-corner retroreflectors (CCRs). Returned echoes are detected, amplified, digitized, and timed. Impact of instrumental error sources, atmospheric refraction, and scintillation are discussed. The precision of the correlation method for the estimation of times of arrival

Olivier Bock; Christian Thom; M. Kasser; J. R. Pelon

1999-01-01

124

Historical development and future perspectives of Environmental Specimen Bank in China: a mini review.  

PubMed

Environmental problems as well as their related ecosystem stress and human health risk in China have raised wide concerns along with the rapid economic development in recent years. Numerous studies with a sharp increase in publication number have addressed the ubiquitous of anthropogenic chemicals in various environmental compartments and human tissues. However, very few data were available to clarify the temporal trend and to give the retrospective analysis of chemical pollution in China. Environmental Specimen Bank (ESB) is a system for the systematic collection and long-term storage of specimens, which has been established since the 1970s in developed counties and recognized as a fundamental complement for environmental monitoring and scientific research. Currently, the value of ESB is becoming more broadly recognized globally, and China is still at the early stage. This article described the history and status and put forwarded the future key points of Chinese ESB development for illustrating the intensive environmental changes in China and the world. PMID:24777327

Qiu, Fang; Meng, Xiang-Zhou; Qiu, Yan-Ling; Huang, Qing-Hui; Liu, Ying; Wu, Ling-Ling; Xiao, Qian-Fen; Sun, Ya-Jie; Wang, Rui; Zhou, Yi-Hui; Yu, Zhen-Yang; Yin, Da-Qiang; Zhu, Zhi-Liang; Zhao, Jian-Fu

2015-02-01

125

Medical school 2.0: How we developed a student-generated question bank using small group learning.  

PubMed

Abstract Background: The multiple-choice question (MCQ) is one of the most common methods for formative and summative assessment in medical school. Common challenges with this format include (1) creating vetted questions and (2) involving students in higher-order learning activities. Involving medical students in the creation of MCQs may ameliorate both of these challenges. What we did: We used a small group learning structure to develop a student-generated question bank. Students created their own MCQ based on self-study materials, and then reviewed each other's questions within small groups. Selected questions were reviewed with the class as a whole. All questions were later vetted by the instructor and incorporated into a question bank that students could access for formative learning. Post-session survey indicated that 91% of the students felt that the class-created MCQ question bank was a valuable resource, and 86% of students would be interested in collaborating with the class for creating practice questions in future sessions. Conclusions: Developing a student-generated question bank can improve the depth and interactivity of student learning, increase session enjoyment and provide a potential resource for student assessment. PMID:25310243

Gooi, Adrian C C; Sommerfeld, Connor S

2014-10-13

126

Multilateral Biomedical Data Sharing in the One-year Joint US-Russian Mission on the International Space Station  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The One Year Mission (1YM) by two astronauts on the International Space Station (ISS), starting in March 2015, offers a unique opportunity to expand multilateral collaboration by sharing data and resources among the partner agencies in preparation for planned space exploration missions beyond low Earth orbit. Agreements and protocols will be established for the collection, distribution, analysis and reporting of both research and clinical data. Data will be shared between the agencies sponsoring the investigators, and between the research and clinical medicine communities where common interests are identified. The assignment of only two astronauts, one Russian and the other American, to the 1YM necessitated creativity in bilateral efforts to maximize the biomedical return from the opportunity. Addition of Canadian, European and Japanese investigations make the effort even more integrative. There will be three types of investigations: joint, cross-participation and data-exchange. The joint investigations have US and Russian coprincipal investigators, and the data acquired will be their common responsibility. The other two types must develop data sharing agreements and processes specific to their needs. A multilateral panel of ISS partner space agencies will develop policies for international exchange of scientific information to meet their science objectives and priorities. They will promote archiving of space flight data and will inform each other and the scientific community at large about the results obtained from space life sciences studies. Integration tasks for the 1YM are based on current experience from the ISS and previous efforts on the Russian space station Mir. Closer coordination between international partners requires more common approaches to remove barriers to multilateral resource utilization on the ISS. Greater integration in implementation should increase utilization efficiency to benefit all participants in spaceflight human research. This presentation will describe the overarching principles for multilateral data collection, analysis and sharing and for data security for medical and research data shared between ISS partners prior to release in public forums.

Charles, John B.; Haven, C.; Johnson-Throop, K.; Van Baalen, M.; McFather, J.

2014-01-01

127

Bank Terminals  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the photo, employees of the UAB Bank, Knoxville, Tennessee, are using Teller Transaction Terminals manufactured by SCI Systems, Inc., Huntsville, Alabama, an electronics firm which has worked on a number of space projects under contract with NASA. The terminals are part of an advanced, computerized financial transaction system that offers high efficiency in bank operations. The key to the system's efficiency is a "multiplexing" technique developed for NASA's Space Shuttle. Multiplexing is simultaneous transmission of large amounts of data over a single transmission link at very high rates of speed. In the banking application, a small multiplex "data bus" interconnects all the terminals and a central computer which stores information on clients' accounts. The data bus replaces the maze-of wiring that would be needed to connect each terminal separately and it affords greater speed in recording transactions. The SCI system offers banks real-time data management through constant updating of the central computer. For example, a check is immediately cancelled at the teller's terminal and the computer is simultaneously advised of the transaction; under other methods, the check would be cancelled and the transaction recorded at the close of business. Teller checkout at the end of the day, conventionally a time-consuming matter of processing paper, can be accomplished in minutes by calling up a summary of the day's transactions. SCI manufactures other types of terminals for use in the system, such as an administrative terminal that provides an immediate printout of a client's account, and another for printing and recording savings account deposits and withdrawals. SCI systems have been installed in several banks in Tennessee, Arizona, and Oregon and additional installations are scheduled this year.

1978-01-01

128

Bank Record Processing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Barnett Banks of Florida, Inc. operates 150 banking offices in 80 Florida cities. Banking offices have computerized systems for processing deposits or withdrawals in checking/savings accounts, and for handling commercial and installment loan transactions. In developing a network engineering design for the terminals used in record processing, an affiliate, Barnett Computing Company, used COSMIC's STATCOM program. This program provided a reliable network design tool and avoided the cost of developing new software.

1982-01-01

129

The World Bank Group Energy Strategy  

E-print Network

The World Bank Group Energy Strategy Approach Paper Sustainable Development Network October 2009...............................................................................................................................................iii World Bank Group Energy Strategy Approach Paper...............................................................................................................3 World Bank Group Energy Sector Strategy and Performance in Recent Years

Kammen, Daniel M.

130

Bank for International Settlements  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Bank for International Settlements (BIS), a creation of the Hague Conference of 1930, is "a[n international] central banking institution" whose aim is "to promote the co-operation of central banks and to provide additional facilities for international financial operations." Its web site provides a detailed profile of BIS, along with its basic texts and charters. However, the power of the site is its publication section, a small but growing list of full text publications (Adobe Acrobat [.pdf] format only), highlighted by the quarterly International Banking and Financial Market Developments, a "commentary on recent developments in international banking, securities and global derivatives markets based on partial information available for the [most recent quarter] and on more detailed banking data for [the previous quarter]." The site also contains BIS Review, "a collection of important articles and speeches by senior central bankers."

1997-01-01

131

From Early Child Development to Human Development: Investing in Our Children's Future. Proceedings of a World Bank Conference (Washington, D.C., April 10-11, 2000).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In April 2000, the World Bank hosted a global conference that addressed the benefits and challenges of investing in early child development (ECD). The landmark conference brought together the world's leading experts, academicians, practitioners, and policymakers to focus on various aspects of ECD. This volume contains the proceedings of the…

Young, Mary Eming, Ed.

132

Opportunity, risk, and success recognizing, addressing, and balancing multiple factors crucial to the success of a project management system deployed to support multi-lateral decommissioning programs  

SciTech Connect

This paper addresses the factors involved in effectively implementing a world-class program/project management information system funded by multiple nations. Along with many other benefits, investing in and utilizing such systems improves delivery and drive accountability for major expenditures. However, there are an equally large number of impediments to developing and using such systems. To be successful, the process requires a dynamic combining of elements and strategic sequencing of initiatives. While program/project-management systems involve information technologies, software and hardware, they represent only one element of the overall system.. Technology, process, people and knowledge must all be integrated and working in concert with one another to assure a fully capable system. Major system implementations occur infrequently, and frequently miss established targets in relatively small organizations (with the risk increasing with greater complexity). The European Bank of Reconstruction (EBRD) is midway through just such an implementation. The EBRD is using funds from numerous donor countries to sponsor development of an overarching program management system. The system will provide the Russian Federation with the tools to effectively manage prioritizing, planning, and physically decommissioning assets{sub i}n northwest Russia to mitigate risks associated the Soviet era nuclear submarine program. Project-management delivery using world-class techniques supported by aligned systems has been proven to increase the probability of delivering on-time and on-budget, assuring those funding such programs optimum value for money. However, systems deployed to manage multi-laterally funded projects must be developed with appropriate levels of consideration given to unique aspects such as: accommodation of existing project management methods, consideration for differences is management structures and organizational behaviors, incorporation of unique strengths, and subtle adjustment to compensate weaknesses. This paper addresses the architecture and sequencing of implementation. (authors)

Funk, Greg; Longsworth, Paul [Fluor Cumbria, Unit 8, Galemire Court, Westlakes Science Park, Moor Row, CA24 3HY (United Kingdom)

2007-07-01

133

Game theoretical multi-agent modelling of coalition formation for multilateral trades  

SciTech Connect

In recent years, the electric utility industries world wide have been undergoing deregulation to introduce competitiveness in the generation, transmission , and distribution of electric power. The once centralized system planning and operation management must be remodelled to adapt to the new market structure. In particular, the trading mechanism needs to be totally revised as any party may get involved in this free-market, subject to the unavoidable constraints such as generation volumes, physical transmission means, and days-ahead scheduling. This paper presents a multi-agent model in conjunction with game theory to resolve the coalition formation for multilateral trades. The authors have implemented the model using the Java programming language and the JATLite/JAT0.3 agent development tools developed by Stanford University.

Yeung, C.S.K.; Poon, A.S.Y.; Wu, F.F. [Univ. of Hong Kong (Hong Kong). Dept. of Electrical Engineering] [Univ. of Hong Kong (Hong Kong). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

1999-08-01

134

Enhancing communications and connectivity in Africa: the multilateral initiative on malaria (MIM) model.  

PubMed

The U.S. National Library of Medicine, working in concert with the Multilateral Initiative on Malaria (MIM), has developed and implemented a unique organizational and technical strategy to connect malaria research sites to the Internet for purposes of facilitating North-South scientific communications and access to electronic information resources on the Web. The model employs microwave and VSAT technologies, and shares bandwidth and costs among participating malaria research sites and their respective research funders in Mali, Kenya, Ghana, Tanzania and other sub-Saharan locations affiliated with MIM. The concept of institutional partnership is an essential element of this information technology capacity building effort, which may find applicability in other developing regions of the world with similar communications and research networking needs and capabilities. PMID:11604704

Siegel, E R; Royall, J; Bennett, M

2001-01-01

135

DORMAN computer program (study 2.5). Volume 2: User's guide and programmer's guide. [development of data bank for computerized information storage of NASA programs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The DORMAN program was developed to create and modify a data bank containing data decks which serve as input to the DORCA Computer Program. Via a remote terminal a user can access the bank, extract any data deck, modify that deck, output the modified deck to be input to the DORCA program, and save the modified deck in the data bank. This computer program is an assist in the utilization of the DORCA program. The program is dimensionless and operates almost entirely in integer mode. The program was developed on the CDC 6400/7600 complex for implementation on a UNIVAC 1108 computer.

Wray, S. T., Jr.

1973-01-01

136

The queen conch fishery on Pedro Bank, Jamaica: discovery, development, management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history, methods, problems and regulation of fishing of the last remaining large queen conch resource in the world, located on a Jamaican fishing bank, are examined. The fishery activities for the queen conch, Strombus gigas Linnaeus are briefly described with the main activities in the industrial sector which produce the bulk of the harvest, which is exported. There are

Karl A Aiken; G Andre Kong; Stephen Smikle; Robin Mahon; Richard Appeldoorn

1999-01-01

137

Early Child Development in Latin America and the Caribbean: List of Projects with World Bank Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years the World Bank, currently the largest single funding source for education and health programs in the world, has put new emphasis on reaching children in the years before they enter school. Despite the acknowledged benefits to be gained from investing in education, schooling in Latin America has failed to keep pace with the…

World Bank, Washington, DC. Human Development Network.

138

The development of arbuscular mycorrhiza in two simulated stages of spoil-bank succession  

Microsoft Academic Search

A greenhouse experiment based on a dual mode of mycorrhizal inoculation simulated the formation of mycorrhizal symbiosis at two different stages of plant succession on coalmine spoil banks. The model plants were inoculated either with propagules of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) Glomus mosseae BEG95, which represented the initial stages of succession, or were provided with the pre-established extraradical mycelium

David Püschel; Jana Rydlová; Miroslav Vosátka

2007-01-01

139

PROMIS Pediatric Peer Relationships Scale: Development of a Peer Relationships Item Bank as Part of Social Health Measurement  

PubMed Central

Objective This study’s objective was to develop a measure of social health using item response theory as part of the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS). Methods After candidate items were generated from review of prior literature, focus groups, expert input, and cognitive interviews, items were administered to youth aged 8–17 as part of the PROMIS pediatric large scale testing. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used to assess dimensionality and to identify instances of local dependence. Items that met the unidimensionality criteria were subsequently calibrated using Samejima’s Graded Response Model. Differential item functioning was examined by gender and age. Results The sample included 3,048 youth who completed the questionnaire (51.8% female, 60% white, and 22.7% with chronic illness). The initial conceptualization of social function and sociability did not yield unidimensional item banks. Rather, factor analysis revealed dimensions contrasting peer relationships and adult relationships. The analysis also identified dimensions formed by responses to positively versus negatively worded items. The resulting 15-item bank measures quality of peer relationships and has strong psychometric characteristics as a full bank or an 8-item short form. Conclusions The PROMIS pediatric peer relationships scale demonstrates good psychometric characteristics and addresses an important aspect of child health. PMID:23772887

DeWalt, Darren A.; Thissen, David; Stucky, Brian D.; Langer, Michelle M.; DeWitt, Esi Morgan; Irwin, Debra E.; Lai, Jin-Shei; Yeatts, Karin B.; Gross, Heather E.; Taylor, Olivia; Varni, James W.

2013-01-01

140

The role of security, privacy, usability and reputation in the development of online banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this research is to analyse the influence of perceived web site security and privacy, usability and reputation on consumer trust in the context of online banking. Moreover, the paper also aims to analyse the trust-commitment relationship since commitment is a key variable for establishing successful long-term relationships with customers. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper describes the

Luis Vicente Casaló; Carlos Flavián; Miguel Guinaliu

2007-01-01

141

The “missing links” between Islamic development objectives and the current practice of Islamic banking – the experience of the Sudanese Islamic banks (SIBs)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To vindicate whether or not there are signs of social and developmental role in the current practice of Islamic banking in Sudan, a criterion required by the rules guiding the Islamic circulation of money and investment. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The objective of the paper is to draw attention to this important, but neglected aspect of Islamic finance, by assessing

Badr El Din A. Ibrahim

2006-01-01

142

Large-scale carbonate platform development of Cay Sal Bank, Bahamas, and implications for associated reef geomorphology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Bahama Archipelago consists of an arcuate chain of carbonate platforms. Average water depths on the platform-tops, such as the Great Bahama Bank (GBB), are typically 10 m or less, with coral reef-rimmed margins, thick sediment accumulations, and the frequent occurrence of islands. There are, however, exceptions. For example, Cay Sal Bank (CSB), a little studied detached Bahamian carbonate platform with depths ranging from 30 to 7 m, is only slightly deeper than the GBB, but devoid of islands, lacks platform-margin coral reefs and holds little sediment on the platform-top; the platform is incipiently drowned. CSB is interesting as it is conspicuously larger (6000 sq. km) than other incipiently drowned platforms in the region, such as Serranilla Bank (1100 sq. km) and the Cat Island platform (1500 sq. km). Field and remote sensing data are assembled to provide insight into the sedimentology and geomorphology of the CSB. The influence of ocean climate, regional hydrodynamics, and Holocene flooding history are investigated to understand why platform-margin coral reef growth on CSB has been unable to keep pace with Holocene sea-level rise. A decade of regional sea-surface temperature data for the Bahamas report CSB to be situated in the same ocean climate regime as GBB. Temperature cannot explain the platform's different morphologies. The Florida Current has been evoked as a possible reason for the immature development of platform-top processes on the CSB, but numeric modeling suggests its influence to be restricted to the deep flanks of the bank. Further, sediment distribution on CSB, including infill patterns of karst depressions, suggest trade winds (easterlies) to drive platform-top hydrodynamics. By assembling a satellite-derived bathymetry map, it can be shown that CSB flooded earlier and at relatively higher rates of Holocene sea-level rise than its neighboring platforms. Flooding history is identified as the most feasible explanation for the atypical morphology of the CSB. By contrasting the present-day morphology of the CSB and the GBB, the work emphasizes how subtle differences in relative sea-level history can influence the growth of platform-margin coral reefs, features that in turn can conspire to set even closely neighboring carbonate platforms on divergent paths with regard to the development of marine landforms. This insight is relevant to interpreting the morphological diversity of carbonate platforms in the modern ocean and in the rock record.

Purkis, Sam; Kerr, Jeremy; Dempsey, Alexandra; Calhoun, Andrew; Metsamaa, Liisa; Riegl, Bernhard; Kourafalou, Villy; Bruckner, Andrew; Renaud, Philip

2014-10-01

143

Online Banking Authentication Using Mobile Phones  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online banking authentication plays an important role in the field of online banking security. In past years, a number of methods, including password token, short message password, and USB token, have been developed for online banking authentication. In this paper, we introduce a new authentication protocol for online banking. Our approach enhances performance and robustness against various attacks by using

Xing Fang; Justin Zhan

2010-01-01

144

An empirical analysis of internet banking adoption in New Zealand.  

E-print Network

??Technological developments, particularly in the area of telecommunications and information technology, are revolutionizing the banking industry, including New Zealand???s banking sector. These developments have prompted… (more)

Du, Junhua

2011-01-01

145

Enhanced Bank of Kalman Filters Developed and Demonstrated for In-Flight Aircraft Engine Sensor Fault Diagnostics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In-flight sensor fault detection and isolation (FDI) is critical to maintaining reliable engine operation during flight. The aircraft engine control system, which computes control commands on the basis of sensor measurements, operates the propulsion systems at the demanded conditions. Any undetected sensor faults, therefore, may cause the control system to drive the engine into an undesirable operating condition. It is critical to detect and isolate failed sensors as soon as possible so that such scenarios can be avoided. A challenging issue in developing reliable sensor FDI systems is to make them robust to changes in engine operating characteristics due to degradation with usage and other faults that can occur during flight. A sensor FDI system that cannot appropriately account for such scenarios may result in false alarms, missed detections, or misclassifications when such faults do occur. To address this issue, an enhanced bank of Kalman filters was developed, and its performance and robustness were demonstrated in a simulation environment. The bank of filters is composed of m + 1 Kalman filters, where m is the number of sensors being used by the control system and, thus, in need of monitoring. Each Kalman filter is designed on the basis of a unique fault hypothesis so that it will be able to maintain its performance if a particular fault scenario, hypothesized by that particular filter, takes place.

Kobayashi, Takahisa; Simon, Donald L.

2005-01-01

146

Effects of vegetation on chemical and mineralogical characteristics of soils developed on a decantation bank from a copper mine.  

PubMed

Open cast mining has a strong impact on the environment, the intensity depending on the morphology of the deposit and on the nature of the minerals. At Touro mine (NW Spain) there is a large area covered by tailings, one of which, called the "sedimentation bank", was used to deposit sludge resulting from the extraction of copper in the flotation plant. Three zones were selected and the soils were sampled to analyse the changes brought about by vegetation on the chemical and mineralogical properties of the soils developed over the sedimentation bank and its development over time. The vegetation increased the pH, contents of organic material, nitrogen, clay and free oxides of Fe and Al, and the cationic exchange capacity of the soils. The decrease in the sulphide content, benefited by the vegetation process, led to a reduction in the total content of Cr and Cu. The vegetation also contributed towards the alteration of the primary minerals. The transformation of jarosite, the formation of nanocrystals of hematite, goethite, hydroxypolymers, and amorphous minerals that contained Cu, Cr and Pb were observed. Nevertheless the high Cu and Cr contents indicate that it is advisable to change the restoration process. PMID:22356872

Cerqueira, Beatriz; Vega, Flora A; Silva, Luis F O; Andrade, Luisa

2012-04-01

147

Development of an Integrated Hydrologic Model to Explore the Feasibility of Water Banking and Markets in the Southwestern US  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Researchers at the Desert Research Institute (DRI) are conducting SAHRA-related research aimed at developing an integrated physical and engineering hydrologic model for the purpose of investigating the feasibility of water banking and markets in the Rio Grande watershed. The main components of the integrated model will include a detailed representation of system behavior in (1) headwater areas (snow accumulation and melt); (2) surface reservoirs and conveyance systems (operational surface reservoirs, river routing, and diversions/returns); (3) regional and near river aquifers; (4) agricultural demand and uses; and (5) urban and industrial demand and uses. Existing models of several of these components have been identified and will be included, to some degree, in the final integrated model (e.g., URGWOM, MMS-PRMS, and various USGS groundwater models). Coupling of existing and new models of each component to create the final completely integrated model requires a detailed understanding of the problem requirements (what questions are being asked) and the data (what information is available in the hydrologic data). Once developed and tested, the integrated model will be used with the economic "Market" model and "Behavior" model to investigate several water market and banking scenarios.

Naranjo, R. C.; Boyle, D. P.; Lamorey, G.; Bassett, S.; Gupta, H.; Brookshire, D.

2005-12-01

148

Bank Mergers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News exaimnes the recent flurry of merger activities in the banking sector. The ten resources discussed provide the details of the recent three big banking mergers and the likely effects on efficiency, lending and consumers. On April 6, 1998, Citibank, the second largest bank in America, announced that it will be merging with Travelers Group, a large financial services firm, in a deal worth $80 billion -- the largest merger deal ever. Only a week later, BankAmerica announced it would merge with NationsBank to create the first coast-to-coast bank in America, in a deal worth $60 billion. The third deal took place on the same day, when First Chicago NBD and Banc One announced they will be merging in a deal valued at $30 billion.

Ng, Thiam Hee.

149

Banks, Bank Robbers, and Continuing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wytheville Community College (Virginia) and Bland Correctional Center collaboratively created a customized seminar on banking security by videotaping convicted bank robbers giving their perceptions of banks. (SK)

Williamson, Rick P.; Bandy, Genny

1989-01-01

150

DNA Banking  

SciTech Connect

The author is involved in the ethical, legal, and social issues of banking of DNA and data from DNA analysis. In his attempt to determine the extent of DNA banking in the U.S., the author surveyed some commercial companies performing DNA banking services. This article summarizes the results of that survey, with special emphasis on the procedures the companies use to protect the privacy of individuals. 4 refs.

Reilly, P.R. (Eunice Kennedy Shriver Center for Mental Retardation, Waltham, MA (United States))

1992-11-01

151

Executive Development Programs in Bangladesh. Phase II Final Report and Case Writing. A Component of the World Bank/Bangladesh Management Education and Training Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With funding made available by the World Bank, additional (Phase II) activities were undertaken in Bangladesh to enhance business management education and training. Executive Development Programmes (EDPs) were planned and carried out according to the model previously developed and validated. Eight seminars were offered for the Institute of…

McLean, Gary N.

152

Mile High Wetland Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The site listed here is provided by an environmental consulting firm that works with commercial and private landowners to establish Wetland Banks. An innovative concept (and growing reality) that has received mixed reviews from scientists, Wetland Banking attempts to combine the goals of developers (i.e., to develop a certain area) and wetland conservationists (i.e., to maintain/ restore areas of intact wetlands). If misused, this approach could work against wetland conservation; if properly instated, however, Wetland Banking might offer an alternative to the currently poor success rate of wetland mitigation projects. This resource by Mile High Wetlands Group, LLC, offers background information on Wetland banking, with an emphasis on the Group's local area (Colorado).

153

The African Development Bank, structural adjustment, and child mortality: a cross-national analysis of Sub-Saharan Africa.  

PubMed

We conduct a cross-national analysis to test the hypothesis that African Development Bank (AfDB) structural adjustment adversely impacts child mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. We use generalized least square random effects regression models and two-step Heckman models that correct for selection bias using data on 35 nations with up to four time points (1990, 1995, 2000, and 2005). We find substantial support for our hypothesis, which indicates that Sub-Saharan African nations that receive an AfDB structural adjustment loan tend to have higher levels of child mortality than Sub-Saharan African nations that do not receive such a loan. This finding remains stable even when controlling for selection bias on whether or not a Sub-Saharan African nation receives an AfDB structural adjustment loan. We conclude by discussing the methodological implications of the article, policy suggestions, and possible directions for future research. PMID:23821909

Pandolfelli, Lauren E; Shandra, John M

2013-01-01

154

World Bank: Biodiversity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many people are familiar with the World Bank's work in the areas of international finance and economic development, but they may not be aware of their work in the area of biodiversity. The World Bank happens to be the world's largest financier of biodiversity, and their work includes supporting the sustainable use of biodiversity outside protected areas, eradication of alien species, and land conservation. First-time visitors may wish to start their journey through the site by clicking on the "What's New" area. Here they will find reports on biodiversity, the role of indigenous peoples in biodiversity conservation, and a review of the World Bank's conservation projects during the past twenty years. Another way to look through the materials on the site is by using the drop-down menus that read "Topic", "Country", and "Region/Income". Visitors can also read overview statements that cover the Bank's work on biodiversity and poverty, biosafety, and mountain ecosystems.

155

World Bank Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank has a number of specialized units designed to perform research in order to allow the organization to make informed policy decisions throughout the world. This website happens to provide information on the World Bank Institute, which effectively serves as the capacity development arm of the Bank and also "helps countries share and apply global and local knowledge to meet development challenges". On the Institute's site, visitors can find out about its various programs, which include work on preventing HIV/AIDS risk in the Balkans and scholarships designed to promote knowledge sharing and capacity building in the developing world. Visitors will want to pay close attention to the Publications area, as they may view or download working papers from a wide range of topics, including energy policy, labor force development, and development economics.

156

The development of the Garden Banks block 388 FPF mooring system  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses work conducted during the design, procurement and installation of Enserch Exploration, Inc.`s Garden Banks 388 FPF mooring system. The design began with the execution of a trade-off study evaluating and comparing previously installed floating production moorings in the Gulf of Mexico, coupled with evaluation of new concepts and emphasis on cost effective solutions. The design effort involved dynamic analysis and wind tunnel and model tank testing, all in accordance with the newly completed API document RP 2FP1. Inspection of various components from the Placid GC-29 FPS moorings (installed in 1987 and recovered in 1990) determined that sections of chain, jacketed spiral strand wire rope, submersible buoys and connectors could be reused with suitable refurbishment. The excellent condition of the rig`s onboard winching system also resulted in the reuse of the windlasses, with specified upgrades. Because a sufficient amount of used wire was not available, a bare spiral strand wire rope construction was adopted, including zinc anodes in the new sections, rather than jacketed strand. The lack of cost effective installation vessels in the Gulf of Mexico at the time of the installation bid posed challenges to Enserch. However, an innovative preset mooring installation scheme involving Heeremac`s SSCV Balder on its own moorings was adopted. Since the vessel was already in the Gulf of Mexico on contract for other projects, a cost effective contract was negotiated. The results of this effort led to considerable cost savings for Enserch, compared to conventional FPF mooring systems previously installed in the Gulf of Mexico.

Dove, P.G.S.; Librino, F.; Scovell, D.C.

1995-12-01

157

Community banks and rural development: research relating to proposals to revise the regulations that implement the Community Reinvestment Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1977, the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) has required that federally insured banking institutions be evaluated on their records of helping to meet the credit needs of their local communities. In 1995, the agencies responsible for bank supervision substantially revised the regulations that implement the CRA. The revisions were intended to emphasize performance rather than process, to reduce unnecessary regulatory

Robert B. Avery; Glenn B. Canner; Shannon C. Mok; Dan S. Sokolov

2005-01-01

158

Community Banks and Internet Commerce  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the factors affecting a community bank's decision to develop Internet-based applications using survey data from representative community banks and secondary data regarding the financial institution's financial performance data (Call Reports). The results from a logistic regression show that there is a significant size effect in developing web and Internet commerce applications. Other factors determining Internet commerce activities

Ram N. Acharya; Albert Kagan

2004-01-01

159

Early Childhood Development in Latin America and the Caribbean. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3869  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is considerable evidence that young children in many developing countries suffer from profound deficits in nutrition, health, fine and gross motor skills, cognitive development, and socio-emotional development. Early childhood development (ECD) outcomes are important markers of the welfare of children. In addition, the deleterious effects of…

Schady, Norbert

2006-01-01

160

Techno-Political Space Cooperation: A Longitudinal Analysis of NASA's Bilateral and Multilateral Agreements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's international programs are both numerous and successful, with over two thousand international agreements forming a foundation of U.S. government cooperation that involved over half the United Nation's membership. Previous research, by the author, into these agreements has identified five variables underlying NASA's international cooperation efforts and these variables form a framework for explaining international cooperation behavior on a macro-level. This paper builds upon that research to effectively explain lower-level patterns of cooperation in NASA's experience. Two approaches for analyzing the space agency's history are used: aggregation of all agreements and a cluster (disaggregated) analysis of four key segments. While researchers of NASA's international cooperation often considered individual cases first, and then generalize to macro-level explanations. This study, in contrast, begins by considering all agreements together in order to explain as much as possible at the macro level before proceeding to lower tier explanations. These lower tier assessments are important to understanding regional and political influences on bilateral and multilateral cooperation. In order to accomplish this lower-tier analysis, the 2000 agreements are disaggregated into logical groupings enabling an analysis of important questions and clearer focus on key patterns concerning developing states, such as the role of international institutions or privatization on international cooperation in space technology.

Hudiburg, John J.

2004-01-01

161

Minority banks and minority communities: Are minority banks good neighbors?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The lagging development of many minority communities has had an adverse effect on economic growth in the United States. One factor historically associated with creating or exacerbating this minority problem is the unwillingness of banks to service minority communities adequately. The federal government used two initiatives to address banks' reluctance to aid minorities: the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) that ended

Ann B. Matasar; Deborah D. Pavelka

2004-01-01

162

A program to develop the domestic natural gas industry in Indonesia: Case history of two World Bank projects  

SciTech Connect

Indonesia depends heavily on revenues from the export of LNG and oil, the availability of which appears to be decreasing. It is therefore making a strong effort to accelerate development of a domestic natural gas industry. A high priority has been given to the conversion of power plants and city gas systems, including local industries and commercial facilities, from liquid fuels to natural gas. This will release more oil for export, help to meet the objectives of Repelita V, and provide substantial environmental benefits. The World Bank recently provided loans to the Indonesian Government for two projects that are aimed at substituting natural gas for oil and manufactured gas in domestic markets. One project involves expansion of the gas distribution systems of Indonesia's natural gas utility (PGN) in three cities: Jakarta and Bogor in Java, and Medan in Sumatra. The project also includes training programs for PGN staff and an energy pricing policy study to be carried out by Indonesia's Ministry of Mines and Energy. The second project involves expansion of the supply of natural gas for Surabaya and twelve other towns in its vicinity in East Java, and further expansion of Medan's supply system. Technical assistance will be provided to enhance the skills ofPGN and the Ministry of Mines and Energy, and a Gas Technology Unit similar to the Institute of Gas Technology will be established at Indonesia's Research and Development Center for Oil and Gas (LEMIGAS) in Jakarta. 14 refs., 3 figs., 11 tabs.

Klass, D.L. (Institute of Gas Technology, Chicago, IL (United States)); Khwaja, S. (World Bank, Washington, DC (United States))

1991-01-01

163

Associate Program, Commercial Banking Commercial Banking  

E-print Network

Associate Program, Commercial Banking Commercial Banking Job Code 0203 ­ Level 6 CIBC is a leading Banking, Wealth Management and Wholesale Banking ­ we provide a full range of financial products Group of Companies please visit CIBC.com. Job Overview The Commercial Banking Associate Program provides

Northern British Columbia, University of

164

Online banking applications and community bank performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of online banking intensity on the financial performance of community banks. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This study estimates online banking intensity and bank performance indices using a combination of primary and secondary data. Online banking intensity is specified as a latent construct and estimated using web feature data collected from

Ram N. Acharya; Albert Kagan; Srinivasa Rao Lingam

2008-01-01

165

Radio for Education and Development: Case Studies, Volume II. World Bank Staff Working Paper No. 266.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Use of radio for nonformal education and development communications and the technical and economic considerations related to radio services are covered in this second volume of case studies on use of radio for education and development. Under radio and nonformal education are: an evaluation of radio schools as part of the popular promotion…

Spain, Peter L.; And Others

166

Serie Etudes et documents du CERDI Bank Competition and Credit Constraints in Developing Countries  

E-print Network

as a major growth constraint for developing economies, in particular for small- and medium-sized enterprises small firms' access to finance is in itself a much debated question in the economic literature

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

167

Communication Skills for Banking Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The communications skills course was developed for bank employees who are non-native speakers of English, to assist them in improving their English and knowledge of the American workplace culture and to increase productivity. It consists of three instructional levels. Topics covered in level 1 reflect concerns of bank managers about basic…

Fairfax County Public Schools, Falls Church, VA. Office of Adult and Community Education.

168

Developing an Item Bank for Use in Testing in Africa: Theory and Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author describes the steps taken by a research team, of which she was part, to develop a specific methodology for assessing student attainment in primary school, working with the Programme for the Analysis of Education Systems (PASEC) of the Conference of Ministers of Education of French-speaking Countries (CONFEMEN). This methodology provides…

Furtuna, Daniela

2014-01-01

169

Banking on it: Public policy and the ethics of stem cell research and development  

Microsoft Academic Search

If the therapeutic potential of stem cell-based therapies is ever realized, demand for stem cells and derivative tissues will be tremendous and will create new challenges for health care systems, especially publicly funded health care systems. We propose a framework for the ethical analysis of stem cell research and development that considers the welfare of communities, tissue recipients, and cell

Mita Giacomini; Francoise Baylis; Jason Robert

2007-01-01

170

U.S. Trade Policy: The Emergence of Regional and Bilateral Alternatives to Multilateralism  

E-print Network

- 1 - U.S. Trade Policy: The Emergence of Regional and Bilateral Alternatives to Multilateralism Excerpts from Existing Papers: Cobbled Together for University of Sussex Trade Conference September 28 #12;- 2 - Historical Overview of Postwar U.S. Trade Policy From the 1940's, when the postwar

Sussex, University of

171

Japanese Policy toward the North Korean ProblemBalancing Bilateralism and Multilateralism  

Microsoft Academic Search

North Korea became an urgent problem for Japan as a result of the 1994 nuclear crisis in North Korea, the 1998 missile launch over Japan and the 2003—4 nuclear crisis. At the historic Tokyo—Pyongyang summit in September 2002, both sides acknowledged the need to solve the security issues surrounding the Korean Peninsula through peaceful, multilateral efforts. However, the issue of

Tsuneo Akaha

2007-01-01

172

Shortle and Jeddi 1 Probabilistic Analysis of Wake Vortex Hazards for Landing Aircraft Using Multilateration  

E-print Network

Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) between two landing aircraft at the runway threshold is between 2.5 and 6Shortle and Jeddi 1 Probabilistic Analysis of Wake Vortex Hazards for Landing Aircraft Using Multilateration Data John F. Shortle* Systems Engineering and Operations Research George Mason University 4400

173

MULTILATERAL INVERSION OF A r , C r AND D r BASIC HYPERGEOMETRIC SERIES  

E-print Network

MULTILATERAL INVERSION OF A r , C r AND D r BASIC HYPERGEOMETRIC SERIES MICHAEL J. SCHLOSSER multidimensional matrix inverses with A r and D r extensions of Jackson's 8 # 7 summation theorem three balanced MICHAEL J. SCHLOSSER This result was directly extracted from an instance of Bailey's [3, Eq. (4.7)] very

Schlosser, Michael

174

BioBanking - The Holy Grail of novel drug and diagnostic developments?  

PubMed Central

The ever increasing social cost that society pays for illness and disease are currently steadily increasing in many countries in the world today. These changes in society becomes a major financial burden that activates politicians and health care organizations in order to find new solutions. Biobanks are becoming the new powerful modality within the field of modern Life Science, that is expected to be important in the proactive awareness of patient health status. Biobanks are also expected to promote the developments of targeted treatments with personalized indicator assays, for effective use of Personalized Medicine treatments in the near future. PMID:21884630

2011-01-01

175

Mozilla Digital Memory Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for History and New Media at George Mason University doesn't shy away from provocative digital archive projects, and the Mozilla Digital Memory Bank is certainly one such work. Drawing on support from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation and the Mozilla Foundation this site serves as a permanent, open, peer-produced digital archive of Mozilla history. Users are welcome to start by browsing the "Memory Bank" section, which includes blogs, interviews, documents, testimonials, and press releases. For those with a geographical bent, there is the "Mozilla Map", which lets users find out where in the world Mozilla developers and users are located. And for those who can't make up their mind about where to start, they can just click on over to the "Featured Bank Deposit" and start reading.

176

World Bank: China  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank has a number of marvelous country profile websites, and their site dedicated to China is top-notch. It's not just a simple demographic overview of this dynamic country; it is a series of meditations on the state of their economy, political culture, urban development, and other affairs. First-time users will want to look at the "Country-At-A-Glance" section at the top of the homepage to get a thumbnail sketch of the country's current state of affairs. Over on the left-hand side of the page, visitors can look over the "Projects & Programs" area, which talks about the Bank's activities in the country, which include energy efficiency projects and sustainable biodiversity conservation works. Moving on, the "What's New" area features opinion pieces from World Bank officials, press releases, and information about lending policies. Users are also invited to sign up for their RSS feed and email updates here.

177

HPCwire Job Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

HPCwire Job Bank has become the matchmaker site of choice for bringing together the best talent and the leading employers in HPC commercial computing, research, academia, and the entire ecosystem of suppliers and users of HPC systems and technology, representing career opportunities in hardware, software, middleware, sales, marketing, consulting, design, development, engineering, research, testing, customer support and production.

178

The Protein Data Bank  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Protein Data Bank (PDB; http:\\/\\/www.rcsb.org\\/pdb\\/ ) is the single worldwide archive of structural data of biological macromolecules. This paper describes the goals of the PDB, the systems in place for data deposition and access, how to obtain further information, and near-term plans for the future development of the resource.

Helen M. Berman; John D. Westbrook; Zukang Feng; Gary Gilliland; Talapady N. Bhat; Helge Weissig; Ilya N. Shindyalov; Philip E. Bourne

2000-01-01

179

Quality in Retail Banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality is increasingly being seen as a key strategic differentiator within the financial services sector in the UK, with most major players undertaking some form of quality initiative. Describes work undertaken within TSB Bank plc to determine both retail customer and staff perceptions of those factors which determine service quality. Initially identifies the models developed by Parasuraman et al. as

R. F. Blanchard; R. L. Galloway

1994-01-01

180

Academic Interventions Bank Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes development of a bank of interventions in response to individual student needs identified by Student Study Teams (SSTs) in the Horry County (South Carolina) school district. It also describes the training of SST members in the selection, application, and monitoring of each intervention. Following a survey that identified basic…

Jenkins, Tom; Torrens, Meg

181

Janus Serum Bank  

Cancer.gov

The Janus Serum bank was established in order to collect and store blood samples from presumably healthy individuals for future use in cancer research. The intention was to obtain information on factors important in the pathogenesis and etiology of cancer by examining blood samples obtained during the preclinical stage or latent period before the tumor has developed.

182

Water resources management. World Bank policy paper  

SciTech Connect

Water resources have been one of the most important areas of World Bank lending during the past three decades. Through its support for sector work and investments in irrigation, water supply, sanitation, flood control, and hydropower, the Bank has contributed to the development of many countries and helped provide essential services to many communities. Moreover, the Bank and governments have not taken sufficient account of environmental concerns in the management of water resources. (Copyright (c) 1993 International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank.)

Easter, K.W.; Feder, G.; Le Moigne, G.; Duda, A.M.; Forsyth, E.

1993-01-01

183

General Banking Conditions 2009 General Banking Conditions  

E-print Network

General Banking Conditions 2009 r #12;#12;1 General Banking Conditions (Version 2009. 1 Scope The provisions of these General Banking Conditions shall apply to all existing and future legal relationships between the Bank and the Customer to the extent that it is not otherwise provided

Franssen, Michael

184

12 CFR 211.30 - Criteria for evaluating U.S. operations of foreign banks not subject to consolidated supervision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...foreign banks not subject to consolidated supervision. 211.30 Section 211.30 Banks...foreign banks not subject to consolidated supervision. (a) Development and publication...criteria. Pursuant to the Foreign Bank Supervision Enhancement Act, Pub. L....

2010-01-01

185

12 CFR 211.30 - Criteria for evaluating U.S. operations of foreign banks not subject to consolidated supervision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...foreign banks not subject to consolidated supervision. 211.30 Section 211.30 Banks...foreign banks not subject to consolidated supervision. (a) Development and publication...criteria. Pursuant to the Foreign Bank Supervision Enhancement Act, Pub. L....

2011-01-01

186

Timing of fire relative to seed development may enable non-serotinous species to recolonize from the aerial seed banks of fire-killed trees  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The existence of non-serotinous, non-sprouting species in fire regimes where serotiny confers an adaptive advantage is puzzling, particularly when these species recruit poorly from soil seed banks or from burn edges. In this paper, white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss) was used to show how the timing of fire relative to seed development may permit non-serotinous species to recolonize burned areas from the aerial seed banks of fire-killed trees. To estimate survival of seeds within closed cones during crown fires, cone heating was simulated using a one-dimensional conduction model implemented in a three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics fire behavior model. To quantify the area burned when germinable seed would be contained within closed cones during a mast year, empirical fire occurrence and seed development (germinability and cone opening) data were compared for multiple locations across the white spruce range. Approximately 12% of cones contained viable seed following crown fire simulations (0.072 m s-1 mean spread rate; 9147 kW m-1 mean intensity), and roughly half of the historical area burned resulted from fires that occurred when closed cones would contain germinable seed. Together, these results suggest that non-serotinous species may recolonize burned areas from in situ aerial seed banks, and that this may be an important cause of their existence in fire regimes to which they otherwise seem poorly suited.

Michaletz, S. T.; Johnson, E. A.; Mell, W. E.; Greene, D. F.

2013-07-01

187

Quantifying geographical and macroeconomic effects on bank branch  

E-print Network

Introduction Commercial banks can operate as a single unit bank or develop a network of bank branches, which Keele Street, Toronto, Canada. E­mail: peggyng@yorku.ca. #12;2 Brechmann, E. C., Czado, C. and Ng, P in [4] analyzed a similar number of variables for a commercial bank in Greece while Avkiran in [1

Haug, Stephan

188

Determinants of user acceptance of Internet banking: an empirical study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The explosion of Internet usage and the huge funding initiatives in electronic banking have drawn the attention of researchers towards Internet banking. In the past, the conventional focus of Internet banking research has been on technological development, but this is now shifting to user-focused research. Although millions of dollars have been spent on building Internet banking systems, reports have shown

Yi-Shun Wang; Yu-Min Wang; Hsin-Hui Lin; Tzung-I Tang

2003-01-01

189

Leviathan as a Minority Shareholder: A Study of Equity Purchases by the Brazilian National Development Bank (BNDES), 1995-2003  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a growing literature comparing the performance of private vs. state-owned companies. Yet, there is little work examining the effects of having the government as a minority shareholder of private companies. We conduct such a study using data for 296 publicly-traded corporations in Brazil, looking at the effects of equity purchases by the National Bank for Economic and Social

Sergio G. Lazzarini; Aldo Musacchio

2011-01-01

190

The HRD Competencies as Perceived by the Human Resource Development Professionals in Banks in Cote d'Ivoire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to identify how Ivorian HRD professionals in banks perceived their current expertise levels of the HRD competencies, and how these professionals perceived the importance of these competencies needed to be successful in their occupations. In addition, this study determined competencies that are perceived to have the…

Konan, Affoue Zitagisele

2010-01-01

191

World Bank: Global Challenges  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank works to combat poverty and to increase development opportunities around the world, but they also have selected six strategic themes that focus in on global development. First-time visitors to the site can listen to World Bank President Robert B. Zoellick talk about these themes, and they may also wish to follow along with the accompanying slideshow. Themes include global public goods, the Arab world, and middle-income countries. By clicking on one of these themes, visitors can read comprehensive reports, working papers, or take a look at presentations that explore these areas in greater detail. Many of these information sources are contained within a "Highlights" area. Visitors with a penchant for economic development, international political economy, or international affairs will find this site very useful. It's also easy to see how these materials might be used in a classroom setting to spark discussion or debate about some of these very timely matters.

192

Range difference multilateration for obtaining precision geodetic and trajectory measurements. [by radio interferometry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The theoretical aspects of a new multilateration technique suitable for precision geodesy and orbit determination applications are examined. The multilateration technique considered herein makes use of the differential time of arrival of signals at an ensemble of ground stations from a spacecraft or aircraft as the fundamental data type. It is demonstrated that simultaneous measurements give rise to a system of equations which upon solution permits the determination of the three-dimensional vehicle coordinates plus the three-dimensional coordinates of the station net relative to an arbitrarily adopted origin (which may be taken to be one of the stations). A solution to these equations can be obtained without any a priori knowledge of the locations of the stations and vehicle. The necessary conditions for obtaining all of these coordinates in the same solution are discussed, and it is indicated that at least five stations are required in the station ensemble.

Escobal, P. R.; Ong, K. M.; Von Roos, O. H.

1975-01-01

193

Robbing Banks with Their Own Software-an Exploit Against Norwegian Online Banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The banking industry in Norway has developed a new security infrastruc- ture for conducting commerce on the Internet. The initiative, called BankID, aims to become a national ID infrastructure supporting services such as authentication and digital signatures for the entire Norwegian population. This paper describes a man-in-the-middle vulnerability in online banking applications using BankID. An exploit has been implemented and

Yngve Espelid; André N. Klingsheim; Kjell Jørgen Hole

2008-01-01

194

World Bank: Annual Report 2010  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank's Annual Report and the website that accompanies the report are full of data about the world's 79 poorest countries that the World Bank aids through its International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the International Development Association. The 32-page report covers the period from July 2009 to June 2010. Visitors will find that the website for the Report contains a lot of interactive features for a better understanding of the global poverty situation which the World Bank is trying to help alleviate. The "Data & Research" tab near the top of any page has an "At a Glance" section that features several "Analytical Tools". Visitors won't want to miss the "iSimulate", which allows for performing macroeconomic simulations; "ADePT", which is a software platform for automated economic analysis; and "PovCalNet", which is a poverty analysis tool that "assess[es] global poverty incidence figures."

195

Bank Supervisory Framework and Bank Performance  

E-print Network

Abstract: Ongoing changes in the structure and nature of banking, as well as banking crises across the globe have focused the attention of policy makers on the appropriate structure, scope, and degree of independence of banking supervision. Key issues for banking supervision structure are whether there should be one or multiple supervisory authorities, and whether the central bank should be involved in bank supervision. The issue pertaining to the scope of supervision is whether bank supervisory authorities should supervise other financial service industries, including in particular securities and insurance. Finally, the issue regarding the independence of supervisory authorities is the degree to which bank supervisors should be subject to political and economic policy pressure and influence. How these issues are addressed is important, because policies that fail to provide for an appropriate bank supervisory framework may undermine bank performance and even lead to full-scale banking crises. The intense interest policy makers have shown in these issues has not been matched, however, by researchers. In particular, there is very little systematic empirical evidence on how, or indeed whether, the structure, scope, or independence of bank supervision affects the banking industry. This paper addresses this gap in three respects. First, drawing on the existing literature, we

James R. Barth; Daniel E. Nolle; Triphon Phumiwasana; Glenn Yago; James R. Barth; Daniel E. Nolle; Triphon Phumiwasana; Glenn Yago

2002-01-01

196

The security concern on internet banking adoption among Malaysian banking customers.  

PubMed

The existing literatures highlights that the security is the primary factor which determines the adoption of Internet banking technology. The secondary information on Internet banking development in Malaysia shows a very slow growth rate. Hence, this study aims to study the banking customers perception towards security concern and Internet banking adoption through the information collected from 150 sample respondents. The data analysis reveals that the customers have much concern about security and privacy issue in adoption of Internet banking, whether the customers are adopted Internet banking or not. Hence, it infers that to popularize Internet banking system there is a need for improvement in security and privacy issue among the banking customers. PMID:19069993

Sudha, Raju; Thiagarajan, A S; Seetharaman, A

2007-01-01

197

Ranking the Banks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Ranking the Banks, sponsored by American Banker, does just what the title suggests: ranks banks, worldwide. Five catagories of banks -- World Banks, Thrifts, Industry, Bank Holding Companies, and Commercial banks -- are subdivided into a number of different subcatagories including Top 100 Banking Companies in Assets, Top 100 World Banking Companies in Deposits, and Top 25 Lead Legal Advisers. Each compilation of data is ranked and tabled and the current ranking is displayed against the last. All tables are clearly dated, and those exclusive to American Banker online are highlighted with an icon.

198

Internet Banking System Prototype  

E-print Network

Internet Banking System refers to systems that enable bank customers to access accounts and general information on bank products and services through a personal computer or other intelligent device. Internet banking products and services can include detailed account information for corporate customers as well as account summery and transfer money. Ultimately, the products and services obtained through Internet Banking may mirror products and services offered through other bank delivery channels. In this paper, Internet Banking System Prototype has been proposed in order to illustrate the services which is provided by the Bank online services.

Alnaqeib, Rami; Jalab, Hamid A; Zaidan, M A; Hmood, Ali K

2010-01-01

199

Designing Agricultural Development Projects for the Small Scale Farmers: Some Lessons from the World Bank Assistance Small Holder Oil Palm Development Scheme in Nigeria  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The study was carried out to investigate farmers reasons for intercropping their oil palm farms with food and other cash crops rather than the sole oil palm planting arrangement specified for participation in the World Bank Assistance Smallholder Oil Palm development project financed during the 1975-83 period. The study was conducted at the Ekuku-Agbor Tree Crop Unit Zone (to the East) and Mosogar Tree Crop Unit Zone (to the Southwest) of the old Bendel State of Nigeria. A total of 35 oil palm farmers were randomly selected from each zone for the study. The study tried to identify the size of oil palm cultivated, types of food and cash crops planted and the proportion consumed and sold and the sufficiency of labour for various farm activities. The study showed that the average oil palm farm size at Ekuku-Agbor zone was smaller (about 1.57 ha) and more fragmented while for Mosogar zone it was 2.28 ha. However a greater percentage (over 65%) of the farms at both locations were within 0.01-2.00 ha farm size range which could be said to be relatively small. The study revealed that among other factors the farmers desire to ensure adequate family food needs which equates to food security and some cash to meet regular family financial needs necessitated their intercropping of the oil palm farms. Others include the need to maximize the returns from the use of labour which they considered a major limiting factor in farm maintenance and to take advantage of the relative high unit price of cassava and its products that prevailed then by cultivating on any available land space including the palm plantations and thereby increasing their farm income.

Orewa, S. I.

200

Effects of the Terra Nova offshore oil development on benthic macro-invertebrates over 10 years of development drilling on the Grand Banks of Newfoundland, Canada  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes effects of drilling with water and synthetic-based drilling muds on benthic macro-invertebrates over 10 years at the Terra Nova offshore oil development. As such, the paper provides insight on the effects of relatively new synthetic-based drilling muds (SBMs), and makes an important contribution to our understanding of the long-term chronic effects of drilling on benthic communities. The Terra Nova Field is located approximately 350 km offshore on the Grand Banks of Newfoundland (Canada). Sediment and invertebrate samples were collected in 1997 (baseline) prior to drilling, and subsequently in 2000, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008 and 2010. Approximately 50 stations were sampled in each year at distances of less than 1 to approximately 20 km from drill centres. Summary benthic invertebrate community measures examined were total abundance, biomass, richness, diversity and multivariate measures of community composition based on non-Metric Dimensional Scaling (nMDS). Decreases in abundance, biomass and richness were noted at one station located nearest (0.14 km) to a drill centre in some environmental effects monitoring (EEM) years. These decreases coincided with higher levels of tracers of drill muds in sediments (barium and >C10-C21 hydrocarbons). Abundances of selected individual taxa were also examined to help interpret responses when project-related effects on summary measures occurred. Enrichment effects on some tolerant taxa (e.g., the polychaete family Phyllodocidae and the bivalve family Tellinidae) and decreased abundances of sensitive taxa (e.g., the polychaete families Orbiniidae and Paraonidae) were detected to within approximately 1-2 km from discharge source. Lagged responses three to five years after drilling started were noted for Phyllodocidae and Tellinidae, suggesting chronic or indirect effects. Overall, results of benthic community analyses at Terra Nova indicate that effects on summary measures of community composition were spatially limited but, as seen elsewhere, some taxa were more sensitive to drilling discharges.

Paine, Michael D.; DeBlois, Elisabeth M.; Kilgour, Bruce W.; Tracy, Ellen; Pocklington, Patricia; Crowley, Roger D.; Williams, Urban P.; Gregory Janes, G.

2014-12-01

201

Rural Development: Part 4, S. 2223--The Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act and Amendment No. 153 (To S. 1483), to Establish the Rural Community Development Bank. Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Rural Development of the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry, United States Senate, 92d Congress, 1st Session, July 23; September 21-24, 1971.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transcripts of Senate hearings on S. 2223 (the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act) and on Amendment No. 153 (to S. 1483) to establish the rural community development bank are presented in this document. In addition to some 25 miscellaneous documents, statements of representatives from municipal, state, and national organizations are…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry.

202

What Do People Think about Disabled Youth and Employment in Developed and Developing Countries? Results from an E-Discussion Hosted by the World Bank  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Even though there are good examples of people with disabilities mainstreamed in the labour market (Bruyere et al., 2004), the situation is still far from being positive, particularly when labour markets are in constant flux due to rapid globalization and technological change, unless new approaches are adopted. In light of this, the World Bank

Roggero, Paola; Tarricone, Rosanna; Nicoli, Marco; Mangiaterra, Viviana

2006-01-01

203

Hedging bank liquidity risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

Liquidity risk in banking has been attributed to transactions deposits and their potential to spark runs or panics. We show instead that transactions deposits help banks hedge liquidity risk from unused loan commitments. Bank stock-return volatility increases with unused commitments, but the increase is smaller for banks with high levels of transactions deposits. This deposit-lending risk management synergy becomes more

Evan Gatev; Til Schuermann; Philip E. Strahan

2006-01-01

204

The Bank that Failed.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The school bank at Easton Middle School operated successfully as an educational experience until the state bank examiners closed it for violating banking laws. The process has become a "real life" education as school authorities and students work to change the law and open a "legal bank." (MD)

Bumstead, Richard A.

1983-01-01

205

Strategic online banking adoption  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we study the determinants of banks’ decisions to adopt a transactional website for their customers. Using a panel of commercial banks in the United States for the period 2003–2006, we show that although bank-specific characteristics are important determinants of banks’ adoption decisions, competition also plays a prominent role. The extent of competition is related to the geographic

Rubén Hernández-Murillo; Gerard Llobet; Roberto Fuentes

2010-01-01

206

Item Banks: What, Where, Why and How.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses item banks calibrated to indicate levels of difficulty to assist in test development. The item bank topics discussed are: (1) purpose; (2) development issues; (3) advantages and disadvantages; and (4) practical issues. The most common issues are content validity, reliability, concerns with software purchase and programming,…

Anzaldua, Ric M.

207

World Bank: Annual Report 2012  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank offers trenchant commentary on a wide range of issues of global import, including food production, gender inequality, development practices, and higher education initiatives. As a result, the World Bank's Annual Report is given close attention by people all over the world. The 314-page report offers thoughtful commentary on all manner of activities, and it is beautifully designed and executed. The first page starts with a list of summary statistics, such as the number of people who gained access to basic health services and how many teachers were recruited or trained as a result of World Bank activities. Visitors can learn all about the World Bank's initiatives in the report or download smaller sections like "Responding with Global Knowledge and Experience" and "World Bank For Results 2012." Visitors can also look over the Corporate Scorecard, which includes a snapshot of results achieved by partner countries with support from the Bank. The Report is available in eight different languages, including Spanish, French, Chinese, and Japanese. [KMG

2012-01-01

208

World Bank: Anticorruption [pdf[  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In its many different guises, corruption around the world tends to affect the poor, who are often the most reliant on the provision of public services, and are also least likely to be able to pay the extra costs associated with bribery and fraud. The World Bank has identified corruption as "the single greatest obstacle to economic and social development," and thusly has set up this anticorruption website to serve as an online resource for policy-makers, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and other interested parties. On the site, the World Bank lays out its strategy for combating corruption, which includes increasing political accountability, strengthening civil society participation, and improving public sector management. The site also contains a number of helpful resources, such as toolkits for assessing government performance in this area, and information and reports on various regional and country-based approaches to dealing with corruption. The site is rounded out by a calendar of events and key strategy documents, such as "Reforming Public Institutions and Strengthening Governance, A World Bank Strategy."

209

Reverse-Engineering Banks' Financial Strength Ratings Using ...  

E-print Network

Dec 27, 2006 ... been instrumental in improving this manuscript. The authors express ... Analysis of Data (LAD) methodology used for reverse-engineering bank ratings. Section 6 develops an ... principles for banks' liquidity risk management.

mal92

2009-05-16

210

Multilaterating the GEOS-3 satellite. [slant range data processing for satellite trajectory  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is demonstrated by means of rigorous simulations with an operational software system that multilateration of the GEOS-3 satellite is possible. This operation, i.e., the processing of simultaneous range measurements from the satellite to a real world constellation of stations using strictly geometric reduction of the observables, will result in the determination of the interstation coordinates to accuracies approaching those of the data measurements obtained at the stations. The satellite-to-satellite link between the GEOS-3 and ATS-6 can be used to further enhance the station covariance matrix.

Escobal, P. R.; Von Roos, O. H.; Gallagher, J. F.

1977-01-01

211

Capacity building on systems engineering, management and projects control for the nanosatc-br cubesat development program - library & data-bank building up  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Capacity Building (CB) on Systems Engineering, Management && Projects Control for the Brazilian NANOSATC-BR Cubesat Development Program - library && data-bank building up results are presented. The Program && its CB involves a partnership between the INPE's Southern Regional Space Research - CRS/INPE - MCTI and the Federal University of Santa Maria - UFSM, through the Santa Maria Space Science Laboratory LACESM/CT - UFSM. The NANOSATC-BR Program consists of two nanosatellites, the NANOSATC-BR1, a 1U standard CubeSat, that is predicted to be launched in the first semester of 2014 (the first Brazilian CubeSat which will be launched) and the NANOSATC-BR2 - 2U CubeSat, which is expected to be launched in the first semester of 2015. The main goal of this paper is to introduce the application of Systems Engineering, Management && Projects Control documentation methodologies in the library building up and data-bank procedures for the CB, Program and its Projects: NANOSATC-BR 1 && 2. These CB, Program and Projects have support from the Brazilian Space Agency (AEB).

Farias, Tiago Travi; Schuch, Nelson Jorge; Lourencena Caldas Franke, Lucas; Moro, Pietro Fernando; Ramos Manica, Thales; Cupertino Durao, Otavio S.; Jaenisch, Guilherme Paul; Escobar B, Eduardo; Zavareze da Costa, Leonardo; Balestrin, Maurício Ricardo; Camargo Silveira, Iago; Francisco Mozzaquatro Wen, João

212

National Radio Astronomy Observatory: The early history and development of the observatory at Green Bank, West Virginia, are reviewed.  

PubMed

The existence of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory and the researches already accomplished there are the result of the foresight and wisdom of United States scientists, the National Science Board, and the Congress, who joined forces to make possible this new national asset. Continued effort will be needed td insure that the observatory will always have the finest possible research instruments and that the site will be a haven of radio quiet. Visiting scientists in some instances may wish to bring equipment with them for studying special problems. Within its means, the observatory will provide supporting facilities, including receivers and other electronic devices, computers, laboratories and shops, and housing. Scientists interested in more details concerning arrangements for visitors should direct their inquiries to the National Radio Astronomy Observatory, P. O. Box 2, Green Bank, West Virginia. PMID:17753091

Emberson, R M

1959-11-13

213

Experiences with "self service" electronic blood banking.  

PubMed

Electronic verification of ABO compatibility (computer crossmatching) has been accepted as the crossmatching procedure for patients without clinically significant alloantibodies. Computer crossmatching offers several advantages over the immediate spin crossmatch and enables the setting up of a self service blood banking system. Self service blood banking saves manpower, improves crossmatch/transfusion(C/T) ratio and makes the maximum surgical blood ordering schedule (MSBOS) redundant. Blood banking service can also be provided at satellite hospitals without stationing blood banking staff there. We have also developed a novel self service system that does not require expensive computer hardware and networking. PMID:9704477

Cheng, G

1998-01-01

214

World Bank Annual Report 1997  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 1997 edition of this report, which chronicles the activities of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA) for the last fiscal year, discusses Bank programs, operations, financial highlights, and approved projects. Central to this report are the detailed regional progress reports. The full report, excluding the financial statements, is available in HTML. The full report with financial statements can be obtained in Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) format (250 pages, arranged in sections). Interested users may refer to the 1996 Annual Report (discussed in the December 20, 1996 Scout Report).

Bank., World

1997-01-01

215

Organization and Management of the International Space Station (ISS) Multilateral Medical Operations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of this work is to review the principles, design, and function of the ISS multilateral medical authority and the medical support system of the ISS Program. Multilateral boards and panels provide operational framework, direct, and supervise the ISS joint medical operational activities. The Integrated Medical Group (IMG) provides front-line medical support of the crews. Results of ongoing activities are reviewed weekly by physician managers. A broader status review is conducted monthly to project the state of crew health and medical support for the following month. All boards, panels, and groups function effectively and without interruptions. Consensus prevails as the primary nature of decisions made by all ISS medical groups, including the ISS medical certification board. The sustained efforts of all partners have resulted in favorable medical outcomes of the initial fourteen long-duration expeditions. The medical support system appears to be mature and ready for further expansion of the roles of all Partners, and for the anticipated increase in the size of ISS crews.

Duncan, J. M.; Bogomolov, V. V.; Castrucci, F.; Koike, Y.; Comtois, J. M.; Sargsyan, A. E.

2007-01-01

216

Sustainable Competence: A Study of a Bank  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Decentralization and company cultures have emerged to master increasing external flexibility, as in a competitive bank in Sweden, raising issues of the sustainability in terms of competence and competence development. The purpose of this paper is to study how the staff members in a bank perceive a company culture and how this perception…

Hagstrom, Tom; Backstrom, Tomas; Goransson, Susanna

2009-01-01

217

Texture Classification: Are Filter Banks Necessary?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We question the role that large scale filter banks have tra- ditionally played in texture classification. It is demon- strated that textures can be classified using the joint distri- bution of intensity values over extremely compact neigh- bourhoods (starting from as small as 3 ×3 pixels square), and that this outperforms classification using filter banks with large support. We develop

Manik Varma; Andrew Zisserman

2003-01-01

218

Efficiency Ratios and Community Bank Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study develops a multivariate discriminant model to differentiate between low efficiency and high efficiency community banks (less than $1 billion in total assets) based upon the efficiency ratio, a commonly used financial performance measure that relates non-interest expenses to total operating income. The model includes proxies for the banking regulatory CAMELS rating variables including: the equity capital to total

Fred H. Hays; Arthur H. Gilbert

219

Stock Markets, Banks, and Economic Growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Do well-functioning stock markets and banks promote long-run economic growth? This paper shows that stock market liquidity and banking development both positively predict growth, capital accumulation, and productivity improvements when entered together in regressions, even after controlling for economic and political factors. The results are consistent with the views that financial markets provide important services for growth and that stock

Ross Levine; Sara Zervos

1998-01-01

220

THE WORLD BANK, THE INTERNATIONAL FINANCE  

E-print Network

THE WORLD BANK, THE INTERNATIONAL FINANCE CORPORATION, AND PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION IN BASIC EDUCATION: EXAMINING THE EDUCATION SECTOR STRATEGY 2020$ Karen Mundy and Francine Menashy ABSTRACT The World of Research and Innovation. Education Strategy in the Developing World: Revising the World Bank's Education

Sokolowski, Marla

221

Aircraft Materials Test Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Microsoft Word document from the Aerospace Manufacturing Education Project provides a bank of test questions on materials used in the aircraft industry. 35 test questions and their correct answers are included in this test bank.

2012-11-13

222

Aircraft Fasteners Test Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Microsoft Word document from the Aerospace Manufacturing Education Project provides a bank of test questions on the use of fasteners in the aerospace industry. Eighty three test questions and their correct answers are included in this test bank.

2012-11-23

223

The Past, Present, and Probable Future for Community Banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We review how deregulation, technological advance, and increased competitive rivalry have affected the size and health of the United States community banking sector and the quality and availability of banking products and services. We then develop a simple theoretical framework for analyzing how these changes have affected the competitive viability of community banks. Empirical evidence presented in this paper is

Robert DeYoung; William C. Hunter; Gregory F. Udell

2004-01-01

224

EXAMINING ONLINE BANKING INITIATIVES IN NIGERIA: A VALUE NETWORK APPROACH  

Microsoft Academic Search

The central banks of several developing nations have encouraged financial institutions to provide strategic online banking services and products to remain competitive. This is in recognition of the cheaper cost of information and communication technologies (ICT) that support the delivery of such products and services. In this paper, we use a value network theoretical model to examine the electronic banking

Francis Kofi Andoh-Baidoo; Babajide Osatuyi

225

An Experimental Investigation of Online Banking Adoption in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online banking, an Internet based service enabling people to do financial transactions, has been an obstacle for the development of e-commerce in China. This paper investigates the online banking acceptance in China. We conducted an experiment to investigate how users' perception about online banking is affected by the perceived ease of use of website and the privacy policy provided by

Guangying Hua

226

Using Communication Support in Projects. The World Bank's Experience. World Bank Staff Working Papers, Number 551.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to assist World Bank staff and officials in deciding when and how to include communication support activities in Bank-financed development projects, this paper describes the use of planned communications to encourage participation in projects by certain groups of people, to improve institutional efficiency and staff development, and to…

Perrett, Heli E.

227

Minority-Owned Banks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The latest installment from this quarterly report from the Federal Reserve Board of Governors lists minority-owned banks by state. Data include assets, deposits, and established dates. The data from this study, from the banks that participate in the Department of the Treasury's Minority Bank Deposit Program, are compiled from "Consolidated Reports of Condition and Income filed quarterly by banks (FFIEC 031 through 034) and from other information in the Board's National Information Center database."

228

European Central Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Together with the national central banks of the European Union, the European Central Bank (ECB) collects statistical information and governs the European System of Central Banks (ESCB). Legal texts about the ECB, the ESCB, and the European Monetary Union (EMI) are provided in addition to press releases, speeches, euro area statistics and selected publications of the EMI (in eleven European languages).

229

Frontiers of Online Banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper surveys the changing dynamics, banking products, technology, and management challenges in the nascent online banking industry. The paper also examines the critical role of aligning internal processes, back-office systems, and the retail interface in the delivery of the next generation of financial services. A central theme of the paper is the need to look at online banking as

R. Kalakota; F. Frei

1996-01-01

230

Snow Bank Detectives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Local professors teamed up with a fourth-grade teacher to show students the similarities and differences between sedimentary rock layers and snow banks. Students observed and drew snow banks and explored the effects of melting and salting on the snow banks.

Rule, Audrey C.; Olson, Eric A.; Dehm, Janet

2005-01-01

231

Developing a new stream metric for comparing stream function using a bank-floodplain sediment budget: a case study of three Piedmont streams  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A bank and floodplain sediment budget was created for three Piedmont streams tributary to the Chesapeake Bay. The watersheds of each stream varied in land use from urban (Difficult Run) to urbanizing (Little Conestoga Creek) to agricultural (Linganore Creek). The purpose of the study was to determine the relation between geomorphic parameters and sediment dynamics and to develop a floodplain trapping metric for comparing streams with variable characteristics. Net site sediment budgets were best explained by gradient at Difficult Run, floodplain width at Little Conestoga Creek, and the relation of channel cross-sectional area to floodplain width at Linganore Creek. A correlation for all streams indicated that net site sediment budget was best explained by relative floodplain width (ratio of channel width to floodplain width). A new geomorphic metric, the floodplain trapping factor, was used to compare sediment budgets between streams with differing suspended sediment yields. Site sediment budgets were normalized by floodplain area and divided by the stream's sediment yield to provide a unitless measure of floodplain sediment trapping. A floodplain trapping factor represents the amount of upland sediment that a particular floodplain site can trap (e.g. a factor of 5 would indicate that a particular floodplain site traps the equivalent of 5 times that area in upland erosional source area). Using this factor we determined that Linganore Creek had the highest gross and net (floodplain deposition minus bank erosion) floodplain trapping factor (107 and 46, respectively) that Difficult Run the lowest gross floodplain trapping factor (29) and Little Conestoga Creek had the lowest net floodplain trapping factor (–14, indicating that study sites were net contributors to the suspended sediment load). The trapping factor is a robust metric for comparing three streams of varied watershed and geomorphic character, it promises to be a useful tool for future stream assessments.

Schenk, Edward R.; Hupp, Cliff R.; Gellis, Allen; Noe, Greg

2013-01-01

232

The effect of demand elasticity on security prices for the PoolCo and multi-lateral contract models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Optimum power flows and security constrained power flows assume that customer demand is a fixed quantity. In the new competitive environment, it is necessary to assume that demand is elastic and will vary as a function of price. A critical element in any competitive model, whether it be a PoolCo or a multi-lateral contract model, is for a system operator

R. Rajaraman; J. V. Sarlashkar; F. L. Alvarado

1997-01-01

233

Resolving trade disputes arising from trends in food safety regulation: the role of the multilateral governance framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

New food regulations may impede international trade, but multilateral mechanisms can resolve trade conflicts when they do arise. Food safety regulation in industrialized countries during the 1990s increasingly uses risk analysis in a farm-to-table approach, promotes the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) system, and increases the stringency of standards or creates new regulations for hazards. The 1995 Agreement

DONNA ROBERTS; LAURIAN UNNEVEHR

2005-01-01

234

75 FR 11986 - Public Comments for Multilateral Negotiations in the World Trade Organization on Expansion of the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Comments for Multilateral Negotiations in the World Trade Organization on Expansion of the...duty elimination by certain members of the World Trade Organization (WTO). The specific...dosage-form products by their INNs from the World Health Organization (WHO). (Table...

2010-03-12

235

Coalition formation in multilateral negotiations with a potential for logrolling: An experimental analysis of negotiators' cognition processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present study we analyse the topic of coalition formation in multi-issue multilateral negotiations under different voting rules when there is the opportunity of logrolling. We have carried out 3 experiments and compare our findings with the standard public choice theory predictions. In the first experiment we have shown that in a situation of 3-issues and 3-parties negotiations with

Marco Lehmann-Waffenschmidt; Livia Reina

2003-01-01

236

Proposing a sequential comparative analysis for assessing multilateral health agency transformation and sustainable capacity: exploring the advantages of institutional theory  

PubMed Central

Background This article proposes an approach to comparing and assessing the adaptive capacity of multilateral health agencies in meeting country and individual healthcare needs. Most studies comparing multilateral health agencies have failed to clearly propose a method for conducting agency comparisons. Methods This study conducted a qualitative case study methodological approach, such that secondary and primary case study literature was used to conduct case study comparisons of multilateral health agencies. Results Through the proposed Sequential Comparative Analysis (SCA), the author found a more effective way to justify the selection of cases, compare and assess organizational transformative capacity, and to learn from agency success in policy sustainability processes. Conclusions To more affectively understand and explain why some multilateral health agencies are more capable of adapting to country and individual healthcare needs, SCA provides a methodological approach that may help to better understand why these agencies are so different and what we can learn from successful reform processes. As funding challenges continue to hamper these agencies' adaptive capacity, learning from each other will become increasingly important. PMID:24886283

2014-01-01

237

The Multilateral Initiative on Malaria (MIM): a perspective from the first co-ordinator.  

PubMed

If research against malaria is to have a major impact on health, then all available resources and expertise must be harnessed for maximal effect. Bringing together scientists, funding organisations and disease control experts, the Multilateral Initiative on Malaria (MIM) has made significant progress since its creation in 1997 in promoting and co-ordinating scientific research against malaria. Enhancing global collaboration, mobilizing resources, promoting capacity building in Africa and strengthening links between research and control are major emphases of MIM. The initiative primarily acts through drawing together diverse international research activities, setting well considered priorities, and promoting effective targeting of energies and funds. This article is a personal view on MIM contributed by the Wellcome Trust as the nominated co-ordinator during 1998 and part of 1999. It aims to set out the rationale for MIM, to explain the principles of its operation and to illustrate achievement during its first phase. PMID:14513941

Davies, C S

2001-01-01

238

Bahrain's offshore banking center  

SciTech Connect

The economic effects of Bahrain's schemes for licensing offshore banking units (OBUs) were the immediate response of major international banks and the financial services the banking center has rendered by improving regional money and exchange markets at a time when a Middle East link was needed to service the increasing demand for oil-wealth banking services. Bahrain's leadership also created a favorable climate. Aggressive competition from banks in Kuwait and Saudi Arabia have caused some friction, but informal supervision by the Bahrain Monetary Agency (BMA) should be able to avoid serious difficulty. Bahrain's success required a banking infrastructure, a free-enterprise system, a willingness to maintain banking standards, a country small enough to benefit directly from OBU income, and a gap in nearby competing centers. 39 references, 1 figure, 5 tables. (DCK)

Gerakis, A.S.; Roncesvalles, O.

1983-01-01

239

SEED BANKS FOR MAGNETIC FLUX COMPRESSION GENERATORS  

SciTech Connect

In recent years the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has been conducting experiments that require pulsed high currents to be delivered into inductive loads. The loads fall into two categories (1) pulsed high field magnets and (2) the input stage of Magnetic Flux Compression Generators (MFCG). Three capacitor banks of increasing energy storage and controls sophistication have been designed and constructed to drive these loads. One bank was developed for the magnet driving application (20kV {approx} 30kJ maximum stored energy.) Two banks where constructed as MFCG seed banks (12kV {approx} 43kJ and 26kV {approx} 450kJ). This paper will describe the design of each bank including switching, controls, circuit protection and safety.

Fulkerson, E S

2008-05-14

240

Blood banking in China.  

PubMed

While transfusion-transmissible diseases, including AIDS and viral hepatitis, continue to spread especially in developing countries, the issue of safeguarding the world's blood supply is of paramount importance. China houses more than 20% of the earth's population, and thus its blood supply has the potential to affect the global community. In recent years, Chinese blood centres have tried to improve the nation's blood safety. Although substantial progress has already been made, many daunting difficulties remain. Traditional cultural barriers need to be overcome to successfully mobilise volunteer blood donors. Gaps in information and technology still need to be closed. Insufficiency of economic resources also restrict the blood bank industry. Other developing countries face many of the same challenges as China. PMID:12480443

Shan, Hua; Wang, Jing-Xing; Ren, Fu-Rong; Zhang, Yuan-Zhi; Zhao, Hai-Yan; Gao, Guo-Jing; Ji, Yang; Ness, Paul M

2002-11-30

241

World Bank: Africa  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank does a great deal of development work throughout Africa, and it is by far the largest provider of assistance on the continent. As of 2007, their portfolio of projects under implementation was over $19 billion. They are also involved with working with a wide range of government partners on the "Africa Action Plan", which is concerned with everything from reducing and mitigating violent conflicts to promoting private sector-led growth and job creation. Visitors can learn about the Plan on the site, and they can also utilize the drop-down menus on the homepage to learn about initiatives and topics in every country on the continent. Along the left-side of the homepage, visitors can explore a number of thematic areas, such as "Data & Statistics", "Development Topics", and "Partnerships". Additionally, visitors with very specific needs can look under the "Resources For" area. Here there are resources organized for government officials, businesses, youth, and so on.

242

Global business strategy and innovation in banking  

E-print Network

The banking industry is known to have certainty only about uncertainty, change is only constant in adopting the technologies for developing innovative products and services, and yet the opportunities of arbitrage are ...

Reddy, Harry, 1963-

2004-01-01

243

Time course of oocyte development in winter flounder Pseudopleuronectes americanus and spawning seasonality for the Gulf of Maine, Georges Bank and southern New England stocks.  

PubMed

Winter flounder Pseudopleuronectes americanus were collected at monthly intervals from December 2009 to May 2011, to describe the pattern and seasonality of oocyte development, including: (1) the group-synchronous transition from primary to secondary oocytes that initiates immediately after spawning, (2) the slow (months) development of vitellogenic oocytes followed by the rapid (weeks) maturation of oocytes, (3) the synchronous nature of mature oocytes ovulating, but the discrete releases of benthic eggs in batches, (4) the protracted (months) degradation of postovulatory follicles and (5) the occurrence of follicular atresia. Although fish were collected across only c. 2° latitudinal range, the spawning season was c. 1 month later in the Gulf of Maine (GOM) than on Georges Bank and in southern New England. This is probably due to lower temperatures in the GOM. These stock-specific data regarding the time course of oogenesis are of practical value. This information is discussed in relation to measuring and interpreting elements of reproductive potential such as maturation, skipped spawning and fecundity, the response of reproductive traits by this widely distributed species to changing climate and the response by this common, marine-estuarine species to urbanization, particularly environmental pollutants and dredging. PMID:24942788

Press, Y K; McBride, R S; Wuenschel, M J

2014-08-01

244

The Massachusetts Bank Reporting Project: An Edge Against Elder Financial Exploitation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of the Massachusetts Bank Reporting Project, a public\\/private partnership between state government and the banking industry, is to prevent elder financial exploitation through educating bank employees and consumers; increasing voluntary cooperation among the financial industry, elder protective services, and law enforcement; and encouraging the banking industry to develop and promote methods of protecting customers and their assets. In

Gillian Price; Craig Fox

1997-01-01

245

Foreign and Domestic Bank Participation in Emerging Markets: Lessons from Mexico and Argentina  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Asian Crisis has highlighted the importance of strong domestic financial systems in overall economic development and stabilization. Less agreement is evident on the role of foreign banks in achieving this goal. We explore this issue by studying bank-specific data on lending by domestically- and foreign-owned banks in Argentina and Mexico. We find that foreign banks generally have had higher

Linda Goldberg; B. Gerard Dages; Daniel Kinney

2000-01-01

246

Forgive the World Bank but Don't Forget: Debt Relief Should Fund a Turnaround in Development Aid  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American Enterprise Institute is pleased to mark the launch of a new quarterly Outlook series, dedicated to innovative and original research on economic development policy. In the months ahead, Development Policy Outlook will feature original essays by AEI scholars and other distinguished experts on topics such as the relation- ship between property rights and growth in sub-Saharan Africa, the

Adam Lerrick

247

The Origins of Banking Panics: Models, Facts, and Bank Regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Banking panics are the central event informing and rationalizing government intervention into the banking industry. In the last decade progress has been made in understanding the origins of panics. This essay reviews recent theoretical and empirical work on the origins of banking panics. New evidence on the causes of banking panics is introduced. Banking panics do not appear to have

Charles W. Calomiris; Gary Gorton

1991-01-01

248

The role of satisfaction and website usability in developing customer loyalty and positive word-of-mouth in the e-banking services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Customer loyalty and positive word-of-mouth (WOM) have been traditionally two main goals aimed at by managers. Focusing on the online banking, the importance of these concepts is even greater due to the increasing competence in electronic commerce. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to characterize both concepts in the e-banking context. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The influence of satisfaction

Luis V. Casaló; Carlos Flavián; Miguel Guinalíu

2008-01-01

249

Platy algal banks: Modern and ancient  

SciTech Connect

Plaly algal banks and associated cycles in the lower Ismay zone of the Paradox Formation are exposed along the walls of the San Juan River canyon, southeastern Utah. These complexes closely resemble algal bank reservoirs in the lower Ismay zone of Ismay and Cache, and possibly other Paradox basin fields. Similarities include facies relationships, lateral and vertical textural variations, and early diagenesis. Extensive algal banks exposed along the San Juan canyon generally have flat bases and mound and swale topographic surfaces, and are separated by interbank channels. The surficial mounds have a regular amplitude and wavelength suggesting a hydrologic rather than biologic influence on topography. The banks themselves, however, are believed to be thick, predominantly in-situ accumulations of platy algae. Distribution of algal banks can be mapped on a field scale; mound and swale topographic features may be identified in core on the basis of depositional and early diagenetic characteristics. Halimeda bioherms (Holocene) cover large areas behind the Great Barrier Reef, developing adjacent to the deep passes that separate the individual reefs. These large in-situ accumulations (20-50 m deep) display similar bank geometries, interbank features, topographic features, vertical textural sequence (including porosity type and distribution), and facies relationships to algal banks observed in the outcropping and subsurface Paradox Formation. Although the hydrodynamic and paleobathymetric settings differ markedly between these two examples, analogies between the mounds themselves are very close. The resemblance lends relevance to exploration and development drilling.

Brinton, L. (Marathon Oil Co., Littleton, CO (USA))

1990-05-01

250

The Porcupine Bank Canyon coral mounds: oceanographic and topographic steering of deep-water carbonate mound development and associated phosphatic deposition  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The head of a canyon system extending along the western Porcupine Bank (west of Ireland) and which accommodates a large field of giant carbonate mounds was investigated during two cruises (INSS 2000 and TTR-13). Multibeam and sidescan sonar data (600-1,150 m water depth) suggest that the pre-existing seabed topography acts as a significant factor controlling mound distribution and shape. The mounds are concentrated along the edges of the canyon or are associated with a complex fault system traced around the canyon head, comprising escarpments up to 60 m high and several km long. The sampling for geochemical and petrographic analysis of numerous types of authigenic deposits was guided by sidescan sonar and video recordings. Calcite-cemented biogenic rubble was observed at the top and on the flanks of the carbonate mounds, being associated with both living and dead corals ( Lophelia pertusa, Madrepora oculata and occasional Desmophyllum cristagalli). This can plausibly be explained by dissolution of coral debris facilitated by strong currents along the mound tops and flanks. In turn, the dissolved carbon is recycled and precipitated as interstitial micrite. Calcite, dolomite and phosphatic hardgrounds were identified in samples from the escarpment framing the eastern part of the survey area. The laterally extensive phosphatic hardgrounds represent a novel discovery in the region, supplying hard substrata for the establishment of new coral colonies. Based on existing knowledge of regional oceanographic conditions, complemented with new CTD measurements, it is suggested that water column stratification, enhanced bottom currents, and upwelling facilitate the deposition of organic matter, followed by phosphatisation leading to the formation of phosphate-glauconite deposits. The occurrence of strong bottom currents was confirmed by means of video observations combined with acoustic and sampling data, providing circumstantial evidence of fine- to medium-grained sand. Evidently, slope breaks such as escarpments and deep-water canyon headwalls are important structural elements in the development of mature carbonate mounds induced by deep-water coral growth. Stable isotope data show no evidence of methane-derived carbon in the carbonates and lithified sediments of the Porcupine Bank Canyon mounds.

Mazzini, A.; Akhmetzhanov, A.; Monteys, X.; Ivanov, M.

2012-06-01

251

Bank Director Magazine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created for directors of financial companies, Bank Director Magazine is a quarterly publication that examines issues of importance to bank directors. The online publication includes the complete table of contents, as well as a selection of articles from the current issue. The site also features a directory of names, addresses, and phone numbers of M&A investment banking and law firms, consulting firms, and technology and retail delivery companies.

252

Modern saltmarsh diatom distributions of the Outer Banks, North Carolina, and the development of a transfer function for high resolution reconstructions of sea level  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We collected modern diatom samples from Currituck Barrier Island, Oregon Inlet and Pea Island marshes, Outer Banks, North Carolina, USA, which have different salinity regimes due to their varying distances from a major barrier island inlet. Multivariate analyses separate the saltmarsh diatom assemblages into distinct elevational zones, dominated by differing abundances of polyhalobous, mesohalobous and oligohalobous taxa, suggesting that the distribution of saltmarsh diatoms is a direct function of elevation, with the most important controlling factors being the duration and frequency of subaerial exposure. We developed the first diatom-based transfer function for the east coast of North America to reconstruct former sea levels based upon the relationship between diatom assemblage and elevation. Results imply that this is possible to a precision of ±0.08 m, superior to most similar studies from temperate, mid-latitude environments. The transfer function is used to construct a relative sea-level curve from fossil assemblages from Salvo, North Carolina. These results suggest a sea-level rise of 0.7 m over the last c. 150 years, at an average of c. 3.7 mm year -1. This is consistent with existing sea-level data, and illustrates the utility of the transfer function approach.

Horton, Benjamin P.; Corbett, Reide; Culver, Stephen J.; Edwards, Robin J.; Hillier, Caroline

2006-09-01

253

Millennium Seed Bank Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A number of organizations have developed a concerted interest in establishing seed banks to protect the wide diversity of existing plant life for future generations. The Royal Botanic Gardens is currently working on their own project, whose ultimate goal is to collect 24,000 plant species. So far, they have successfully secured samples from almost all of the native flowering plants in the United Kingdom, and their work continues on in the present day. Many visitors to the site will want to peruse their homepage and the helpful graphic (a peapod) helps orient first-time visitors to the various sections on the site, such as "Solving Seed Problems" and their publications and data area. The site also includes a field manual for those who would like to collect their own seeds in the field as well as data about the seeds collected thus far in the Seed Information Database.

2005-01-01

254

Towards a global consensus on matters of science : how process and membership can generate valid and sustainable science advice in multilateral environmental treaty negotiations  

E-print Network

In most multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs), science advisory bodies (SABs) are tasked with producing guidance on scientific aspects of the problem. SABs are a necessary infrastructure of global environmental ...

Kohler, Pia M. (Pia Marili)

2006-01-01

255

Historical Statistics on Banking  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Historical Statistics on Banking (HSOB), from the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, "provides annual statistical information on the banking industry beginning in 1934." The site contains commercial banking reports, savings institution reports, and bank and thrift failure reports from 1934 to 1999. The Milestones feature offers a chronological retrospective on the FDIC's collection and use of data. Although the database is fairly easy to use, the HSOB Help section contains additional detailed instructions on saving and printing charts, and also offers a helpful glossary of terms used.

256

Developing an Open Resource Bank for Interactive Teaching of STEM: Perspecives of School Teachers and Teacher Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much of the current literature related to Open Educational Resource (OER) development and practice concentrates on higher education, although a growing body of work is also emerging for the primary and secondary school sectors. This article examines the user perspectives of teachers and teacher educators, regarding: discovery of teaching…

Hassler, Bjoern; Hennessy, Sara; Knight, Simon; Connolly, Teresa

2014-01-01

257

Computer-aided search method and machine-readable data banks developed and used by IBM Germany patent documentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The subsequent article describes the development of IBM Germany Patent Documentation which began more than 20 years ago with a descriptor system and intellectual analysis and which for the past 14 years has been successfully performing full text searches without intellectual analysis, using patent claims and abstracts as reference material. Several years ago, the IBM STAIRS program was introduced for

Franz Boehme; Eva Werner

1983-01-01

258

Development of a Postacute Hospital Item Bank for the New Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory-Computer Adaptive Test  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The PEDI-CAT is a new computer adaptive test (CAT) version of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI). Additional PEDI-CAT items specific to postacute pediatric hospital care were recently developed using expert reviews and cognitive interviewing techniques. Expert reviews established face and construct validity, providing positive…

Dumas, Helene M.

2010-01-01

259

World Bank Support for Land Administration and Management: Responding to the Challenges of the Millennium Development Goals 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Land and property are generally the major assets in any economy. In most countries, land may account for between half to three-quarters of national wealth. Land is a fundamental factor for agricultural production and is thus directly linked to food security. Security of land tenure is an important foundation for economic development, social and environmental management, and also for

Keith Clifford BELL

2006-01-01

260

Alterations in bottom sediment physical and chemical characteristics at the Terra Nova offshore oil development over ten years of drilling on the grand banks of Newfoundland, Canada  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes sediment composition at the Terra Nova offshore oil development. The Terra Nova Field is located on the Grand Banks approximately 350 km southeast of Newfoundland, Canada, at an approximate water depth of 100 m. Surface sediment samples (upper 3 cm) were collected for chemical and particle size analyses at the site pre-development (1997) and in 2000-2002, 2004, 2006, 2008 and 2010. Approximately 50 stations have been sampled in each program year, with stations extending from less than 1 km to a maximum of 20 km from source (drill centres) along five gradients, extending to the southeast, southwest, northeast, northwest and east of Terra Nova. Results show that Terra Nova sediments were contaminated with >C10-C21 hydrocarbons and barium-the two main constituents of synthetic-based drilling muds used at the site. Highest levels of contamination occurred within 1 to 2 km from source, consistent with predictions from drill cuttings dispersion modelling. The strength of distance gradients for >C10-C21 hydrocarbons and barium, and overall levels, generally increased as drilling progressed but decreased from 2006 to 2010, coincident with a reduction in drilling. As seen at other offshore oil development sites, metals other than barium, sulphur and sulphide levels were elevated and sediment fines content was higher in the immediate vicinity (less than 0.5 km) of drill centres in some sampling years; but there was no strong evidence of project-related alterations of these variables. Overall, sediment contamination at Terra Nova was spatially limited and only the two major constituents of synthetic-based drilling muds used at the site, >C10-C21 hydrocarbons and barium, showed clear evidence of project-related alternations.

DeBlois, Elisabeth M.; Paine, Michael D.; Kilgour, Bruce W.; Tracy, Ellen; Crowley, Roger D.; Williams, Urban P.; Janes, G. Gregory

2014-12-01

261

FORENSIC DNA BANKING LEGISLATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: PRIVACY AND CONFIDENTIALITY CONCERNS REGARDING A DRAFT FROM TURKISH LEGISLATION1  

PubMed Central

This paper presents and analyses, in terms of privacy and confidentiality, the Turkish Draft Law on National DNA Database prepared in 2004, and concerning the use of DNA analysis for forensic objectives and identity verification in Turkey. After a short introduction including related concepts, we evaluate the draft law and provide articles about confidentiality. The evaluation reminded us of some important topics at international level for the developing countries. As a result, the need for sophisticated legislations about DNA databases, for solutions to issues related to the education of employees, and the technological dependency to other countries emerged as main challenges in terms of confidentiality for the developing countries. As seen in the Turkish Draft Law on National DNA Database, the protection of the fundamental rights and freedoms requires more care during the legislative efforts. PMID:25477772

Önder, ?LG?L?; Berna, ARDA

2014-01-01

262

FORENSIC DNA BANKING LEGISLATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: PRIVACY AND CONFIDENTIALITY CONCERNS REGARDING A DRAFT FROM TURKISH LEGISLATION.  

PubMed

This paper presents and analyses, in terms of privacy and confidentiality, the Turkish Draft Law on National DNA Database prepared in 2004, and concerning the use of DNA analysis for forensic objectives and identity verification in Turkey. After a short introduction including related concepts, we evaluate the draft law and provide articles about confidentiality. The evaluation reminded us of some important topics at international level for the developing countries. As a result, the need for sophisticated legislations about DNA databases, for solutions to issues related to the education of employees, and the technological dependency to other countries emerged as main challenges in terms of confidentiality for the developing countries. As seen in the Turkish Draft Law on National DNA Database, the protection of the fundamental rights and freedoms requires more care during the legislative efforts. PMID:25477772

Onder, Ilg?l?; Berna, Arda

2014-01-01

263

FDIC Banking Review, October 1999  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The FDIC's monthly publication Banking Review includes the article "Financially Distressed Banks: How Effective Are Enforcement Actions in the Supervision Process?" which looks at some effects of bank examinations.

264

76 FR 79379 - Risk-Based Capital Guidelines: Market Risk; Alternatives to Credit Ratings for Debt and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...of the agencies, as well as bankers, academics...X X 2. Multilateral Development Banks...portfolio is both liquid and well-diversified, in which...methodology. Question 3: How well does the proposed methodology...Supranational Entities and Multilateral Development Banks...

2011-12-21

265

Low-Order IIR Filter Bank Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advantage of infinite-impulse response (IIR) filters over finite-impulse response (FIR) ones is that the former require a much lower order (much fewer multipliers and adders) to obtain the desired response specifications. However, in contrast with well-developed FIR filter bank design theory, there is no satisfactory methodology for IIR filter bank design. The well-known IIR filters are mostly derived by

Hoang Duong Tuan; T. T. Son; P. Apkarian; T. Q. Nguyen

2005-01-01

266

China's Banking Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the main problems facing the Chinese banking system and concludes that, despite serious problems, the risk seems small that, in the near future, a financial crisis will occur that will pose severe problems for the international financial system. An internal financial crisis, however, could occur. Without government support, the economic viability of many of China's banks is

Dick Nanto; Radha Sinha

2002-01-01

267

Multimedia Technology in Banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Banking in the global village becomes reality with multimedia communication systems that connect far flung regions and integrate all their various marketplaces. International banks in particular face the major challenge of achieving the right balance between global and local. They must identify local customers' requirements and satisfy them by exploiting the expertise and technology available worldwide

Achim Karduck; Andre Geiser; Thomas Gutekunst

1996-01-01

268

Banking on Diversity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few organizations have as racially and culturally diverse a work force as the organizations that make up the World Bank Group. Of its 13,000 employees, nearly 60 percent of whom are located in downtown Washington, D.C., and the rest scattered across 160 offices around the globe, nearly every nation in the world is represented in the World Bank

Roach, Ronald

2010-01-01

269

iBank  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

iBank is a project that utilizes a software to create an item Bank that store quality questions, generate test and print exam. The items are from analyze teacher-constructed test questions that provides the basis for discussing test results, by determining why a test item is or not discriminating between the better and poorer students, and by…

Bermundo, Cesar B.; Bermundo, Alex B.; Ballester, Rex C.

2012-01-01

270

Overflowing the Banks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson will teach students about levees and how they are designed to hold a river in its bank. They will construct a model of a river bank and explore how levees can cause water levels to back up into smaller streams and tributaries, causing floods.

271

GenBank.  

PubMed

GenBank is a comprehensive database that contains publicly available nucleotide sequences for more than 300,000 organisms named at the genus level or lower, obtained primarily through submissions from individual laboratories and batch submissions from large-scale sequencing projects, including whole genome shotgun (WGS) and environmental sampling projects. Most submissions are made using the web-based BankIt or standalone Sequin programs, and accession numbers are assigned by GenBank staff upon receipt. Daily data exchange with the European Molecular Biology Laboratory Nucleotide Sequence Database in Europe and the DNA Data Bank of Japan ensures worldwide coverage. GenBank is accessible through the NCBI Entrez retrieval system, which integrates data from the major DNA and protein sequence databases along with taxonomy, genome, mapping, protein structure and domain information, and the biomedical journal literature via PubMed. BLAST provides sequence similarity searches of GenBank and other sequence databases. Complete bi-monthly releases and daily updates of the GenBank database are available by FTP. To access GenBank and its related retrieval and analysis services, begin at the NCBI homepage: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:19910366

Benson, Dennis A; Karsch-Mizrachi, Ilene; Lipman, David J; Ostell, James; Sayers, Eric W

2010-01-01

272

GenBank.  

PubMed

GenBank® is a comprehensive database that contains publicly available nucleotide sequences for more than 250,00 formally described species. These sequences are obtained primarily through submissions from individual laboratories and batch submissions from large-scale sequencing projects, including whole-genome shotgun (WGS) and environmental sampling projects. Most submissions are made using the web-based BankIt or standalone Sequin programs, and accession numbers are assigned by GenBank staff upon receipt. Daily data exchange with the European Nucleotide Archive (ENA) and the DNA Data Bank of Japan (DDBJ) ensures worldwide coverage. GenBank is accessible through the NCBI Entrez retrieval system, which integrates data from the major DNA and protein sequence databases along with taxonomy, genome, mapping, protein structure and domain information, and the biomedical journal literature via PubMed. BLAST provides sequence similarity searches of GenBank and other sequence databases. Complete bimonthly releases and daily updates of the GenBank database are available by FTP. To access GenBank and its related retrieval and analysis services, begin at the NCBI home page: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:22144687

Benson, Dennis A; Karsch-Mizrachi, Ilene; Clark, Karen; Lipman, David J; Ostell, James; Sayers, Eric W

2012-01-01

273

GenBank.  

PubMed

GenBank® (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov) is a comprehensive database that contains publicly available nucleotide sequences for almost 260 000 formally described species. These sequences are obtained primarily through submissions from individual laboratories and batch submissions from large-scale sequencing projects, including whole-genome shotgun (WGS) and environmental sampling projects. Most submissions are made using the web-based BankIt or standalone Sequin programs, and GenBank staff assigns accession numbers upon data receipt. Daily data exchange with the European Nucleotide Archive (ENA) and the DNA Data Bank of Japan (DDBJ) ensures worldwide coverage. GenBank is accessible through the NCBI Entrez retrieval system, which integrates data from the major DNA and protein sequence databases along with taxonomy, genome, mapping, protein structure and domain information, and the biomedical journal literature via PubMed. BLAST provides sequence similarity searches of GenBank and other sequence databases. Complete bimonthly releases and daily updates of the GenBank database are available by FTP. To access GenBank and its related retrieval and analysis services, begin at the NCBI home page: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:23193287

Benson, Dennis A; Cavanaugh, Mark; Clark, Karen; Karsch-Mizrachi, Ilene; Lipman, David J; Ostell, James; Sayers, Eric W

2013-01-01

274

Volunteer Community Language Bank.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lake Charles, Louisiana established a language bank capable of providing interpreters for 20 foreign languages. All participants are volunteers who offer to help free of charge in case of emergencies arising because of the considerable numbers of foreign visitors in the area. Smooth operation of the language bank depends on the following: (1) an…

Novak, Sigfrid S.; And Others

275

12 CFR 211.22 - Interstate banking operations of foreign banking organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Interstate banking operations of foreign banking organizations. 211.22 Section 211.22 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE...

2014-01-01

276

12 CFR 211.22 - Interstate banking operations of foreign banking organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Interstate banking operations of foreign banking organizations. 211.22 Section 211.22 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE...

2011-01-01

277

12 CFR 211.22 - Interstate banking operations of foreign banking organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Interstate banking operations of foreign banking organizations. 211.22 Section 211.22 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE...

2013-01-01

278

12 CFR 211.22 - Interstate banking operations of foreign banking organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Interstate banking operations of foreign banking organizations. 211.22 Section 211.22 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE...

2012-01-01

279

12 CFR 1.2 - Definitions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...subdivision thereof; and municipal bonds if the national bank is well capitalized as defined in 12 CFR 6.4(b)(1); ...j) of § 1.2; (2) Obligations of international and multilateral development banks and organizations listed in 12...

2010-01-01

280

Flow dynamics of multi-lateral jets injection into a round pipe flow  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Controlling the mixing field of turbulent jets is an important approach in optimizing practical combustion systems. The use of multi-lateral jets upstream from the nozzle exit to control mixing fields is one particular method. Existing studies have investigated jets into a confined cross-flow (JICCF) for dilution mixing, but there is a paucity of data available on the fundamentals for turbulent mixing capabilities of JICCF. The current study investigates the flow structures and Primary Reynolds number mixing characteristics within a round pipe flow modified by four equi-spaced, lateral side injectors. Experiments are conducted in a primary water jet flow that is modified with smaller jets located one central (axial) jet diameter upstream of the nozzle exit. Flow structures and mixing within the nozzle are non-intrusively characterized using simultaneous planar optical techniques. Planar laser-induced fluorescence is used to measure the scalar mixing of the side and axial jet streams, and particle imaging velocimetry is used to measure the planar velocities. Several cases are investigated with variable primary flow to explore the influence of cross-flow velocity on the induced mixing structures within the nozzle. By varying the momentum ratio, three characteristic flow modes are identified within the primary flow, namely streaming mode, impinging mode, and backflow mode. The impact of these modes on the flow and scalar fields is presented and discussed.

Thong, Chia X.; Kalt, Peter A. M.; Dally, Bassam B.; Birzer, Cristian H.

2015-01-01

281

The Multilateral Initiative on Malaria: co-ordination and co-operation in international malaria research.  

PubMed

The Multilateral Initiative on Malaria (MIM) is an international alliance of organisations and individuals. It aims to maximise the impact of scientific research against malaria, through strengthening research capacity in Africa, promoting global collaboration and co-ordination, and increasing available resources. Since its establishment in 1997, the initiative has generated a remarkable level of enthusiasm and activity. Many new scientific partnerships have been established, enabled by enhanced communications and novel funding mechanisms. Dovetailing of research activities with control programmes is also improving. The challenges posed by malaria remain great, however, and in order to achieve a sustainable impact it will be crucial for the research community to capitalise on what has been achieved to date and to maintain the momentum for action well into the next millennium. This article is a personal view contributed by the Wellcome Trust as the nominated co-ordinator for MIM during 1998 and a leading international funder of malaria research. It aims to explain how the novel malaria initiative operates, to summarise some of its key outcomes, and to set out the perspectives for the future. PMID:10697909

Davies, C S

1999-09-01

282

Sexual and reproductive health and rights in the evolving post-2015 agenda: perspectives from key players from multilateral and related agencies in 2013.  

PubMed

This paper reports the views of participants from key multilaterals and related agencies in the evolving global negotiations on the post-2015 development agenda on the strategic location of sexual and reproductive health and rights. The research was carried out in June and July 2013, following the release of the report of the High-Level Panel of Eminent Persons on the Post-2015 Development Agenda, and comprised 40 semi-structured interviews with 57 participants and two e-mail respondents. All respondents were responsible for the post-2015 health and development agenda, or the post-2015 agenda more broadly, within their organisations. The interviews provide an insight into the intention to ensure that sexual and reproductive health and rights are integrated into the post-2015 trajectory by key players who sit at the interface of UN and Member State interaction. They reveal both an awareness of the shortcomings of the Millennium Development Goal process and its impact on advocacy for sexual and reproductive health and rights in early post-2015 engagement, as well as the vulnerability of sexual and reproductive health and rights in the remaining phases of post-2015 negotiations. Recent events bear these concerns out. Ensuring sexual and reproductive health and rights are included in the final post-2015 outcome document in the time remaining for negotiations, will be anything but a "doddle". PMID:24908457

Brolan, Claire E; Hill, Peter S

2014-05-01

283

Space medicine policy development for the International Space Station  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Providing medical care capability in a multinational setting in space is a daunting challenge. As the International Space Station (ISS) has taken shape over the last decade the space medicine community of the ISS partners has established a foundation with which to govern medical policy, medial processes, and medical care during the ISS Program. This foundation was predicated on a rich history of bilateral and multilateral cooperation among space faring nations. Three key organizations were established, they include the agency or senior level Multilateral Medical Policy Board (MMPB), the Multilateral Space Medicine Board (MSMB), and the Multilateral Medical Operations Panel (MMOP). All three are staffed by senior medical personnel within each of the partner organizations of the ISS and each has specific roles and responsibilities. These three entities strive to protect the human element of spaceflight through highly effective interaction in a multilingual, multicultural program. This paper reviews the creation of this tripartite approach to the development of medical policy for ISS.

Grigoriev, Anatoly I.; Williams, Richard S.; Comtois, Jean-Marc; Damann, Volker; Tachibana, Shoichi; Nicogossian, Arnauld E.; Bogomolov, Valery V.; Pool, Sam L.; Sargsyan, Ashot E.; Knowingkov, Oleg L.; Doarn, Charles R.

2009-09-01

284

11.10 Filter Banks What Are Filter Banks?  

E-print Network

1/7 11.10 Filter Banks #12;2/7 What Are Filter Banks? Often need to slice up a "wideband" signal into various "subbands" Figure from Porat's Book #12;3/7 Filter Banks Application: Cell Phone Basestation FDMA Converter & ADC Filter Bank Demod Demod Demod Antenna ... ...User 1 User M ff2f1 1 GHz ... ... User 1

Fowler, Mark

285

Multilateral in vivo and in vitro protective effects of the novel heat shock protein coinducer, bimoclomol: results of preclinical studies.  

PubMed

Bimoclomol, the recently developed non-toxic heat shock protein (HSP) coinducer, was shown to display multilateral protective activities against various forms of stress or injuries at the level of the cell, tissue or organism. The compound enhanced the transcription, translation and expression of the 70 kD heat shock protein (HSP-70) in myogenic and HeLa cell lines exposed to heat stress, and increased cell survival on exposure to otherwise lethal thermal injury. Bimoclomol increased contractility of the working mammalian heart, this effect was associated with the increased intracellular calcium transients due to increased probability of opening of ryanodine receptors in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). In healthy tissues these cardiac effects were evident only at relatively high concentrations of the drug, while in the ischemic myocardium bimoclomol exerted significant cardioprotective and antiarrhythmic effects at submicromolar concentrations. It decreased ischemia-induced reduction of contractility and of cardiac output, and dramatically decreased the elevation of the ST-segment during ischemia as well as the occurrence of ventricular fibrillation upon reperfusion. Bimoclomol was also active in various pathological animal models subjected to acute or chronic stress. In the spontaneously hypertensive rats chronic pretreatment with bimoclomol restored sensitivity of aortic rings to acetylcholine; this effect was accompanied by accumulation of HSP-70 in the tissues. Bimoclomol pretreatment significantly diminished the consequences of vascular disorders associated with diabetes mellitus. Diabetic neuropathy, retinopathy, and nephropathy were prevented or diminished, while wound healing was enhanced by bimoclomol. Enhancement of wound healing by bimoclomol was observed after thermal injury as well as following ultraviolet (UV) irradiation. In addition to the beneficial effects on peripheral angiopathies, bimoclomol antagonized the increase in permeability of blood-brain barrier induced by subarachnoid hemorrhager or arachidonic acid. A general and very important feature of the above effects of bimoclomol was that the drug failed to cause alterations under physiological conditions (except the enhanced calcium release from cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum). Bimoclomol was effective only under conditions of stress. Consistent with its HSP-coinducer property, bimoclomol alone had very little effect on HSP production. Its protective activity became apparent only in the presence of cell damage. Currently, bimoclomol reached the end of the Phase II clinical trial in a group of 410 patients with diabetic complications. Results of this trial will answer the question, whether a compound with promising in vitro and in vivo preclinical findings will produce the anticipated beneficial effects in humans. In the event of a positive outcome of this trial, the indications for bimoclomol will be substantially extended. PMID:11484067

Nánási, P P; Jednákovits, A

2001-01-01

286

GenBank.  

PubMed

GenBank(®) (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genbank/) is a comprehensive database that contains publicly available nucleotide sequences for over 300 000 formally described species. These sequences are obtained primarily through submissions from individual laboratories and batch submissions from large-scale sequencing projects, including whole-genome shotgun and environmental sampling projects. Most submissions are made using the web-based BankIt or standalone Sequin programs, and GenBank staff assign accession numbers upon data receipt. Daily data exchange with the European Nucleotide Archive and the DNA Data Bank of Japan ensures worldwide coverage. GenBank is accessible through the NCBI Entrez retrieval system, which integrates data from the major DNA and protein sequence databases along with taxonomy, genome, mapping, protein structure and domain information, and the biomedical journal literature via PubMed. BLAST provides sequence similarity searches of GenBank and other sequence databases. Complete bimonthly releases and daily updates of the GenBank database are available by FTP. PMID:25414350

Benson, Dennis A; Clark, Karen; Karsch-Mizrachi, Ilene; Lipman, David J; Ostell, James; Sayers, Eric W

2015-01-28

287

World Bank Contribution to Building National HIV/AIDS Monitoring and Evaluation Capacity in Africa: Going beyond Indicator Development and Conceptual Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International commitment to the human immunodeficiency virus-acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) epidemic has grown rapidly in recent years, stimulated by the leadership of the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and its cosponsors and supported by a range of new mechanisms. These include the World Bank's Multi-Country…

Wilson, David

2004-01-01

288

Ex-situ conservation of Black poplar in Europe: genetic diversity in nine gene bank collections and their value for nature development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Populus nigra L. is a pioneer tree species of riparian ecosystems that is threatened with extinction because of the loss of its natural habitat. To evaluate the existing genetic diversity of P. nigra within ex-situ collections, we analyzed 675 P. nigra L. accessions from nine European gene banks with three amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) and five microsatellite [or simple

V. Storme; A. Vanden Broeck; B. Ivens; D. Halfmaerten; J. Van Slycken; S. Castiglione; F. Grassi; T. Fossati; J. E. Cottrell; H. E. Tabbener; F. Lefèvre; C. Saintagne; S. Fluch; V. Krystufek; K. Burg; S. Bordács; A. Borovics; K. Gebhardt; B. Vornam; A. Pohl; N. Alba; D. Agúndez; C. Maestro; E. Notivol; J. Bovenschen; B. C. van Dam; J. van der Schoot; B. J. Vosman; W. Boerjan; M. J. M. Smulders

2004-01-01

289

Core 4: Image Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Image Bank supplements the coursework for Core 4: The Shaping of the Modern World, an introductory course offered by the History Department of Brooklyn College. The Image Bank indexes numerous historical images spanning from the Scientific Revolution to the present. The images are divided into eight major topic indexes: Ancien Regime and Critics; Age of Revolutions; Industry and Society; Liberalism and Nationalism; Varieties of Imperialism; The World Turned Upside Down; Fascism, Depression & WWII; and, The World Since 1945. Indexes for major topics contain clustered subtopics, allowing users to locate relevant images quickly. This Image Bank presents students and educators with a valuable, visual method for understanding Modern Western History.

290

Banking Panics and Business Cycles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a century of newly constructed data, competing theories explaining banking panics are tested. The evidence shows that banking panics during the U.S. national banking era (1865-1914) were the products of revisions in the perceived risk of the banking system based on the arrival of new information. Panics were triggered by a leading indicator of recession. Whenever this variable reached

Gary Gorton

1988-01-01

291

The Evolution of Online Banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to explore the success of U.S. banks in utilizing online banking as a distribution channel for their products and services. The emergence of the Internet as a distribution medium of revolutionary potential in the mid-1990s was greeted by the majority of banks with reservation and caution. At the beginning of this era banks were

Douglas Ross

292

Islamic banking in Brunei Darussalam  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the current realities of the Islamic banking system of Brunei Darussalam from the perspective of the theories of modern financial intermediation and Islamic financial contracting. The limited information on the banking system of Brunei Darussalam reveals that the first phase of the Islamic banking experimentation has been successful, as Islamic banks command roughly 11.5 per cent of

M. Shahid Ebrahim; Tan Kai Joo

2001-01-01

293

The legal environment, banks, and long-run economic growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the relationship between the legal system and banking development and traces this connection through to long-run rates of per capita GDP growth, capital stock growth, and productivity growth. The data indicate that countries where the legal system (1) emphasizes creditor rights and (2) rigorously enforces contracts have better developed banks than countries where laws do not give

Ross Levine

1998-01-01

294

Developing Item Banks for Measuring Pediatric Generic Health-Related Quality of Life: An Application of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health for Children and Youth and Item Response Theory  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to develop item banks by linking items from three pediatric health-related quality of life (HRQoL) instruments using a mixed methodology. Secondary data were collected from 469 parents of children aged 8-16 years. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-Children and Youth (ICF-CY) served as a framework to compare the concepts of items from three HRQoL instruments. The structural validity of the individual domains was examined using confirmatory factor analyses. Samejima's Graded Response Model was used to calibrate items from different instruments. The known-groups validity of each domain was examined using the status of children with special health care needs (CSHCN). Concepts represented by the items in the three instruments were linked to 24 different second-level categories of the ICF-CY. Eight item banks representing eight unidimensional domains were created based on the linkage of the concepts measured by the items of the three instruments to the ICF-CY. The HRQoL results of CSHCN in seven out of eight domains (except personality) were significantly lower compared with children without special health care needs (p<0.05). This study demonstrates a useful approach to compare the item concepts from the three instruments and to generate item banks for a pediatric population. PMID:25268926

Gandhi, Pranav K.; Thompson, Lindsay A.; Tuli, Sanjeev Y.; Revicki, Dennis A.; Shenkman, Elizabeth; Huang, I-Chan

2014-01-01

295

Statistics on Banking  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The FDIC Statistics on Banking is a "quarterly publication that provides aggregate financial and structure information on FDIC-insured institutions, with summary totals by state and charter type." The latest figures for third quarter 1997 are now available.

296

Fall Math Idea Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This math idea bank includes autumn themed hands-on activities focused on the topics of leaves, spiders, and pumpkins. Also included in this resource are links to online activities and websites for research.

Petti, Wendy

2014-01-01

297

Investment Banks Goldman Sachs  

E-print Network

Financial Corporation PNC Bank Wachovia Asset Management Firms Acadian Asset Management Alliance Capital Management Baring Asset Management Dimensional Fund Advisors First Quadrant New Amsterdam Partners Numeric Investors Old Mutual Asset Management Oppenheimer Capital Pareto Investment Management Limited

Aronov, Boris

298

Banking Data and Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article on free banking data and research, created by Ruth Kobylecky Humphrey for the American Library Association, includes an index of annotations on a wide range of federal and association Websites that offer financial information and help for their members. The index is broken into several sections including Federal Agencies, The Federal Reserve System, International Banking, and the Secondary Market. Within each section, the entries are arranged in alphabetical order and carefully annotated.

Humphrey, Ruth K.

299

12 CFR 741.207 - Community development revolving loan program for credit unions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Community development revolving loan...Section 741.207 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION...Credit Unions § 741.207 Community development revolving...

2010-01-01

300

SHG Banking in India: The evolution of a rural financial innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Linking banks and self-help groups has been a major program of German development cooperation since the mid-1980s. Given the involvement of GTZ in SHG banking and the outreach of that program in India, the German Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) has proposed to study the impact of SHG banking in India in the framework of the United Nations

Hans Dieter Seibel

2005-01-01

301

Assessing the Impacts of Intergovernmental Economic Organizations: The Case of the World Bank and Nonformal Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A preliminary investigation into the World Bank's support of non-formal education in less-developed countries discusses the role of education in the development process, the Bank's concern with education, and its funding of non-formal education projects. The Bank's involvement in education projects is described, from support for upper division…

Schechter, Michael G.

302

University of Cologne Development Research Center Universität zu Köln Arbeitsstelle für Entwicklungsländerforschung The Microbanking Division of Bank Rakyat Indonesia: A Flagship of Rural Microfinance in Asia1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The case of BRI is evidence that, in a deregulated policy environment, the microfinance section of a government-owned bank can (a) be transformed into a highly profitable, self-reliant financial intermediary; and (b) turn into a major microfinance provider, offering carefully crafted microsav- ings and microcredit products to low-income people at market rates of interest. Making good use of government seed

Hans Dieter Seibel

303

Development of item bank to measure deliberate self-harm behaviours: facilitating tailored scales and computer adaptive testing for specific research and clinical purposes.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to investigate the application of item banking to questionnaire items intended to measure Deliberate Self-Harm (DSH) behaviours. The Rasch measurement model was used to evaluate behavioural items extracted from seven published DSH scales administered to 568 Australians aged 18-30 years (62% university students, 21% mental health patients, and 17% community members). Ninety four items were calibrated in the item bank (including 12 items with differential item functioning for gender and age). Tailored scale construction was demonstrated by extracting scales covering different combinations of DSH methods but with the same raw score for each person location on the latent DSH construct. A simulated computer adaptive test (starting with common self-harm methods to minimise presentation of extreme behaviours) demonstrated that 11 items (on average) were needed to achieve a standard error of measurement of 0.387 (corresponding to a Cronbach?s Alpha of 0.85). This study lays the groundwork for advancing DSH measurement to an item bank approach with the flexibility to measure a specific definitional orientation (e.g., non-suicidal self-injury) or a broad continuum of self-harmful acts, as appropriate to a particular research/clinical purpose. PMID:24703572

Latimer, Shane; Meade, Tanya; Tennant, Alan

2014-07-30

304

12 CFR 211.22 - Interstate banking operations of foreign banking organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Interstate banking operations of foreign banking organizations...Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM INTERNATIONAL BANKING OPERATIONS (REGULATION K) Foreign...

2010-01-01

305

75 FR 32778 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisition of Shares of Bank or Bank Holding Companies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Shares of Bank or Bank Holding Companies The notificants listed below...acquire a bank or bank holding company. The factors that are considered...individual; Keith E. Busse Family Investment Company, LLC; and Aaron R....

2010-06-09

306

75 FR 26961 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisition of Shares of Bank or Bank Holding Companies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Bank Control Notices; Acquisition of Shares of Bank or Bank Holding Companies The...Arguinchona, Boise, Idaho; to retain voting shares of Syringa Bancorp, and thereby indirectly retain voting shares Syringa Bank, both of Boise,...

2010-05-13

307

The Role of Demandable Debt in Structuring Optimal Banking Arrangements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Demandable-debt finance by banks warrants explanation because it entails costs of bank suspension, liquidation, and idle reserve holdings. An explanation is developed in which demandable debt provides incentive-compatible intermediation where the banker has comparative advantage in allocating investment funds but may act against the interests of uninformed depositors. Demandable debt attracts funds by giving depositors an option to force liquidation.

Charles W Calomiris; Charles M Kahn

1991-01-01

308

The impact of CRA agreements on community banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop three empirical models to identify the impact of Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) agreements on the mortgage lending behavior of small banking institutions during the period 1990–1997. CRA agreements are pledges banking institutions make to extend levels of credit to targeted populations and are often used by institutions to reaffirm their commitment to the goals of the CRA. We

Raphael W. Bostic; Breck L. Robinson

2004-01-01

309

An OGSA-Based Bank Service for Grid Accounting Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This contribution presents the design and implementation of a bank service, constituting a key component in a recently developed Grid accounting system. The Grid accounting system maintains a Grid-wide view of the resources consumed by members of a virtual organization (VO). The bank is designed as an online service, managing the accounts of VO projects. Each service request is transparently

Erik Elmroth; Peter Gardfjäll; Olle Mulmo; Thomas Sandholm

2004-01-01

310

The World Bank on Poverty in latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

For over three decades the World Bank has led the war against poverty waged by international organizations for development. This fact, as well as the incontrovertible fact that the problem of poverty has defeated all of the efforts, all of the resources, that the Bank and the 'world community' of concerned organizations, governments and individuals, have marshaled in this war,

Por Henry Veltmeyer

311

Six Questions about The World Bank's 2020 Education Sector Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on interviews with World Bank staff in April 2011, this article answers six questions about the World Bank's Education Sector Strategy 2020 (ESS 2020): (1) What is the ESS 2020? (2) What is it not? (3) How was the development process of the ESS 2020 different from that of past Strategies? (4) How are the policy recommendations of the ESS…

Shafiq, M. Najeeb

2011-01-01

312

Consumer's expectations from mobile CRM services: a banking context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop an understanding of the primary concerns of a customer when they use mobile banking services and identify factors that can be used for making better mobile customer relationship management (mobile CRM) services in banking. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper empirically explores the underlying factors by the application of exploratory factor analysis.

Purnima S. Sangle; Preety Awasthi

2011-01-01

313

Global Banks and International Shock Transmission: Evidence from the Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Global banks played a significant role in the transmission of the 2007 to 2009 crisis to emerging market economies. This paper examines the relationships between adverse liquidity shocks on main developed-country banking systems to emerging markets across Europe, Asia, and Latin America, isolating loan supply from loan demand effects. Loan supply in emerging markets was significantly affected through three separate

Nicola Cetorelli; Linda S Goldberg

2011-01-01

314

IMF, World Bank programs hinder AIDS prevention.  

PubMed

International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank structural adjustment programs (SAPs) imposed on developing nations in the 1980s inadvertently helped set the stage for the AIDS epidemic. These programs continue to hinder efforts to prevent HIV transmission. SAPs resulted in the following phenomena which place populations at risk of HIV infection: increased rural-urban migration of cheap labor sparked by a shift to an export-oriented economy, the development of transportation infrastructures in the 1980s to support the changed economy, increased migration and urbanization, and reduced government spending upon health and social services necessitated by the SAPs. For HIV transmission in developing countries to be substantially reduced, the SAP economic policies which may have promoted disease must be modified. An alternative development strategy must satisfy basic human needs such as food, housing, and transport; shift emphasis from the production of a small number of primary commodities for export to diversified agricultural production; support marginal producers and subsistence farmers; emphasize human resource development; end the top-down approach favored by the IMF and World Bank in favor of a truly cooperative development policy; alter the charters of the IMF and World Bank to permit the cancellation or restructuring of debt; and require AIDS Impact Reports of the IMF and World Bank. PMID:12289894

Denoon, D J

1995-07-10

315

40 CFR 1036.715 - Banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Banking. 1036.715 Section 1036.715 Protection...HEAVY-DUTY HIGHWAY ENGINES Averaging, Banking, and Trading for Certification § 1036.715 Banking. (a) Banking is the retention...

2013-07-01

316

40 CFR 1037.715 - Banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Banking. 1037.715 Section 1037.715 Protection...HEAVY-DUTY MOTOR VEHICLES Averaging, Banking, and Trading for Certification § 1037.715 Banking. (a) Banking is the retention...

2014-07-01

317

40 CFR 1036.715 - Banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Banking. 1036.715 Section 1036.715 Protection...HEAVY-DUTY HIGHWAY ENGINES Averaging, Banking, and Trading for Certification § 1036.715 Banking. (a) Banking is the retention...

2012-07-01

318

40 CFR 1037.715 - Banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Banking. 1037.715 Section 1037.715 Protection...HEAVY-DUTY MOTOR VEHICLES Averaging, Banking, and Trading for Certification § 1037.715 Banking. (a) Banking is the retention...

2013-07-01

319

40 CFR 1036.715 - Banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Banking. 1036.715 Section 1036.715 Protection...HEAVY-DUTY HIGHWAY ENGINES Averaging, Banking, and Trading for Certification § 1036.715 Banking. (a) Banking is the retention...

2014-07-01

320

40 CFR 1037.715 - Banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Banking. 1037.715 Section 1037.715 Protection...HEAVY-DUTY MOTOR VEHICLES Averaging, Banking, and Trading for Certification § 1037.715 Banking. (a) Banking is the retention...

2012-07-01

321

GenBank.  

PubMed

The GenBank sequence database continues to expand its data coverage, quality control, annotation content and retrieval services for the scientific community. Besides handling direct submissions of sequence data from authors, GenBank also incorporates DNA sequences from all available public sources; an integrated retrieval system, known as Entrez, also makes available data from the major protein sequence and structural databases, and from U.S. and European patents. MIDLINE abstracts from published articles describing the sequences are also included as an additional source of biological annotation for sequence entries. GenBank supports distribution of the data via FTP, CD-ROM, and E-mail servers. Network server-client programs provide access to an integrated database for literature retrieval and sequence similarity searching. PMID:7937042

Benson, D A; Boguski, M; Lipman, D J; Ostell, J

1994-09-01

322

Cross-border impact of the Financial Services Modernization Act: evidence from large foreign banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates the impact of the Financial Services Modernization Act (FSMA) on foreign banks. We find that the banking sectors of most developed countries experience significant negative spillover effect. However, the impacts on any two countries' banking sectors are not identical. Most importantly, we show that exposure to systematic risk with respect to the world equity index can explain

Abdullah Mamun; M. Kabir Hassan; Ihsan Isik

2011-01-01

323

Antecedents of online banking satisfaction and loyalty: empirical evidence from Finland  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study endeavours to contribute to a better understanding of Service Quality (SQ) in online banking by examining the various dimensions related to creating a satisfactory online banking experience. The authors develop a conceptual model and test it with a convenience sample of 183 online banking users. The empirical test of the model finds strong support for the links between

Heikki Karjaluoto; Lasse Jarvenpaa; Ville Kauppi

2009-01-01

324

WWW-query: An on-line retrieval system for biological sequence banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have developed a World Wide Web (WWW) version of the sequence retrieval system Query: WWW-Query. This server allows to query nucleotide sequence banks in the EMBL\\/GenBank\\/DDBJ formats and protein sequence banks in the NBRF\\/PIR format. WWW-Query includes all the features of the on-line sequence browsers already available: possibility to build complex queries, integration of cross-references with different data banks,

G. Perrière; M. Gouy

1996-01-01

325

On the uniqueness of community banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

To the public, all banks seem alike. But banking insiders make important distinctions between community banks and all other banks. Policymakers worry that community banks’ unique characteristics threaten their survival in the face of industry consolidation. However, despite dramatic regulatory and technological changes in the industry in the past two decades, community banks have not only survived but often prospered.

Scott E. Hein; Timothy W. Koch; S. Scott MacDonald

2005-01-01

326

Basel Committee on Banking Supervision  

E-print Network

§ Basel Committee on Banking Supervision International Convergence of Capital Measurement, or for additions/changes to the mailing list, should be sent to: Bank for International Settlements Press © Bank for International Settlements 2005. All rights reserved. Brief excerpts may be reproduced

McNeil, Alexander J.

327

BANKING SPREADS IN LATIN AMERICA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intermediation spreads in Latin America are high by international standards. This paper examines the determinants of bank interest margins in that region using bank- and country-level data from 85 countries, including 14 Latin American economies. The results suggest that Latin America has higher interest rates, less efficient banks, and larger reserve requirements than other regions and that these factors have

R. GASTON GELOS

2009-01-01

328

The Diffusion of Online Banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

The financial services environment has been subject to changes on many fronts. Technological change and the advent of the Internet are among the most dramatic and challenging areas of change for the sector. This paper looks at retail banking and its adoption of online banking, in particular the factors driving and inhibiting adoption by banks. An international Delphi study confirms

Laura Bradley; Kate Stewart

2003-01-01

329

12 CFR 563e.25 - Community development test for wholesale or limited purpose savings associations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 6 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Community development test for wholesale...Section 563e.25 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT...

2012-01-01

330

12 CFR 563e.25 - Community development test for wholesale or limited purpose savings associations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 6 2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true Community development test for wholesale...Section 563e.25 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT...

2014-01-01

331

12 CFR 563e.25 - Community development test for wholesale or limited purpose savings associations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 6 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true Community development test for wholesale...Section 563e.25 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT...

2013-01-01

332

DOES NIGERIA NEED AN INDEPENDENT CENTRAL BANK?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues that legislating central banking independence in Nigeria, should not be seen an important step towards achilving the monetary policy objective of price stability. Rather, what is more important is the enshrinement of policies that will encourage the development of a robust financial system with institutions powerful (at least jointly) and independent enough to lobby for the enforcement

Chibuike Ugochukwu Uche

1997-01-01

333

Information gathering problems in multinational banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are situations where the development of monolithic, centralised computer-based information systems have proved problematic, and this has led to significant difficulties in servicing the information needs of the business. This paper considers one such organisation, in the multinational retail banking sector. It discusses the extent to which the system has had difficulties in supporting business decision making. This is

Jasna Kuljis; Robert D Macredie; Ray J Paul

1998-01-01

334

The Global Talent Search Andrew Banks  

E-print Network

The Global Talent Search Andrew Banks Managing Director, Talent2 International The Global Talent, University of Melbourne on Developing Job-ready Graduates Anne Moore Chief Executive Officer, SydneyTalent The Global Talent Search and Challenge ABN: 15 211 513 464 RSVP: by Friday 29 May 2009 to Betty De Leon Email

Viglas, Anastasios

335

Integrated Learning with International Banking Executives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article describes an in-house executive development programme run by the authors in a leading banking group in the CEE region. The programme attempts to follow a systemic approach to learning and contains a mix of elements including action learning, classroom teaching, study, peer support and feedback and "learning visits" to participants'…

Zinke, Sabine; Briault, Steve

2007-01-01

336

National Trade Data Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

National Trade Data Bank, U. S. Department of Commerce: Over 300,000 documents which include over 130 information programs from over 20 federal sources such as the Department's Foreign Trader's Index, the Export Yellow Pages, the Trade Opportunities Program, and Market Research Reports.

337

Personalized Electronic Banking Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personalization is without a doubt a promising area that might be able to answer some of the burning questions that Internet banking must deal with today and even more in the days to come. The possibilities of personalization are not yet fully utilized, nor is there sufficient hands-on experience or research-based knowledge about the most advanced ideas of how to

Mika Hiltunen; Leo Heng; Linda Helgesen

338

Bank-a-Budget  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article gives procedures for consumer foods teachers to use to actively involve students in making independent food purchasing decisions according to the school foods lab budget and food buying principles. Included are forms used to keep records for each lab: unit bank account, meat lab evaluation, and market order. (MF)

Karls, Doris; Jordan, Elaine

1978-01-01

339

Snow Bank Detectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the city where the authors live, located on the shore of Lake Ontario, children have ample opportunity to interact with snow. Water vapor rising from the relatively warm lake surface produces tremendous "lake effect" snowfalls when frigid winter winds blow. Snow piles along roadways after each passing storm, creating impressive snow banks. When…

Olson, Eric A.; Rule, Audrey C.; Dehm, Janet

2005-01-01

340

Blood Bank Inventory Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Essentially, blood banks are facilities which procure, store, process, and dispense blood. To operate effectively in the face of both random supply and random demand, sizable buffer stocks of blood are maintained. The resulting inventory control problem is an extremely complex one for several reasons: (1) both supply and demand are random; (2) approximately 50 percent of all bloods demanded,

John B. Jennings

1973-01-01

341

Development of a 3D Model for the Assessment of Vulnerability Due to Sea Level Rise on the Historic Strawbery Banke  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The study of climate change is now starting to be widely researched around the world. One prominent exception to this fact is within the discipline of Historic Preservation. With the likelihood of climate change causing sea levels to rise over decades to come, historical preservationists are now looking for data and information which can help them mitigate potential threats to our cultural heritage along our sea coasts. Some such information that can be helpful in understanding these threats includes geographic information such as the locations of artifacts, fossils, and historic structures as well as their vertical elevation above mean sea level. In an effort to build a set of protocols to help preservations study these threats, our work is currently focusing on a historic living history museum site known as Strawbery Banke in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. This poster features a subset of this work that was completed through undergraduate student internships funded by the Joan and James Leitzel Center at the University of New Hampshire. This subset of work focused on the creation a 3D model of the study site. Two aspects of the creation of this model involved the completion of a topographic ground survey and the 3D digital mapping of the site itself. The ground survey was completed with the use of standard surveying techniques and tools and the 3D digital mapping was completed with the use of ArcScene, a software which is part of the ArcGIS suite. This work was completed in conjunction with a larger study funded by the National Geographic Society to better understand how sea level rise and the effects of storm surges are putting the historic structures at Strawbery Banke at risk.

Jefferson, M.; Curran, B.; Routhier, M.; Mulukutla, G. K.; Hall, C. L.

2011-12-01

342

Bank Erosion as a Desirable Attribute of Rivers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bank erosion is integral to the functioning of river ecosystems. It is a geomorphic process that promotes riparian vegetation succession and creates dynamic habitats crucial for aquatic and riparian plants and animals. River managers and policymakers, however, generally regard bank erosion as a process to be halted or minimized in order to create landscape and economic stability. Here, we recognize bank erosion as a desirable attribute of rivers. Recent advances in our understanding of bank erosion processes and of associated ecological functions, as well as of the effects and failure of channel bank infrastructure for erosion control, suggest that alternatives to current management approaches are greatly needed. In this article, we develop a conceptual framework for alternatives that address bank erosion issues. The alternatives conserve riparian linkages at appropriate temporal and spatial scales, consider integral relationships between physical bank processes and ecological functions, and avoid secondary and cumulative effects that lead to the progressive channelization of rivers. By linking geomorphologic processes with ecological functions, we address the significance of channel bank erosion in sustainable river and watershed management.

Joan L. Florsheim (University of California at Davis;)

2008-06-01

343

Tying up lions: multilateral initiative on malaria communications: the first chapter of a malaria research network in Africa.  

PubMed

"When spider webs unite, they can tie up a lion" (Ethiopian folk adage). The Multilateral Initiative on Malaria Communications Network (MIMCom) facilitates a new way of doing research in Africa and African scientists' participation in the international scientific community. The MIMCom supports full access to the Internet and the resources of the WorldWide Web at 19 research sites in 11 African countries. Furthermore, the MIMCom project comprises two websites: one includes links to resources, databases, and publications as well as a document delivery service for full text journal articles, and the other is a research agenda specific website with a server for a research network desiring to share raw data. Other important components of MIMCom are training and evaluation components. The MIMCom was conceived in 1997 by African researchers and has been designed, implemented, and overseen by the U.S. National Library of Medicine in collaboration with partners in Africa, the United States, and the United Kingdom. This project demonstrates clearly that it can make a positive difference in the functioning of remote research sites in Africa, in terms of site growth and productivity and in the professional lives of individual researchers. This report reviews the project's background, methods of operation with an emphasis on local needs and priorities, cost effectiveness, and local responsibility; results focusing on a technical network; documentation of the system and two-way exchange of information; the MIMCom website; a network approach to research; and financial sustainability. The report concludes with summaries of evaluations by an independent panel, the Multilateral Initiative on Malaria Secretariat, and the U.S. National Library of Medicine. PMID:15331846

Royall, Julia; Bennett, Mark; van Schayk, Ingeborg; Alilio, Martin

2004-08-01

344

The Changing Role of the WORLD BANK in Global Health  

PubMed Central

The World Bank began operations on June 25, 1946. Although it was established to finance European reconstruction after World War II, the bank today is a considerable force in the health, nutrition, and population (HNP) sector in developing countries. Indeed, it has evolved from having virtually no presence in global health to being the world’s largest financial contributor to health-related projects, now committing more than $1 billion annually for new HNP projects. It is also one of the world’s largest supporters in the fight against HIV/AIDS, with commitments of more than $1.6 billion over the past several years. I have mapped this transformation in the World Bank’s role in global health, illustrating shifts in the bank’s mission and financial orientation, as well as the broader changes in development theory and practice. Through a deepened understanding of the complexities of development, the World Bank now regards investments in HNP programs as fundamental to its role in the global economy. PMID:15623860

Ruger, Jennifer Prah

2005-01-01

345

World Bank Integrity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created as part of the World Bank Group, the Integrity Vice Presidency "independently investigates allegations of corruption and fraud." On their homepage, much of the material is covered within three primary sections: "Fighting Fraud & Corruption", "Investigating Staff Misconduct", and "Allegations". In the "Fighting Fraud & Corruption" area, visitors can learn about completed investigations and learn about the outcomes, which in many cases include sanctions and debarments. Moving on, the "Investigating Staff Misconduct" area includes information about recent investigations into partner organizations who have worked with the World Bank in the past and alleged abuses regarding travel fraud, abuse of authority, and corruption within infrastructure projects. Visitors may also wish to scroll down on the homepage to look over their annual report and check out news updates.

346

PhysioBank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The PhsyioBank is an impressive archive of digital recordings of physiologic signals and related data for use by the biomedical research community. The website is maintained by the National Institute of Biomedical Imagining and Bioengineering and the National Institute of General Medical Sciences, and new material is being added on a regular basis. Currently, the site includes biomedical signals and reports from healthy subjects and patients with a range of conditions, including congestive heart failure, epilepsy, gait disorders, and sleep apnea. First-time visitors would do well to take the interactive tour and then use the Getting Started section for locating resources. Also, visitors should make sure to look at the PhysioBank Archives. Here they will find a complete listing of all the currently available databases, organized according to the types of signals and annotations contained in each database. Finally, visitors can send queries about the site and its database via a contact form on the site's homepage.

347

Who Robbed the Bank?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students use DNA profiling to determine who robbed a bank. After they learn how the FBI's Combined DNA Index System (CODIS) is used to match crime scene DNA with tissue sample DNA, students use CODIS principles and sample DNA fragments to determine which of three suspects matches evidence obtain at a crime location. They communicate their results as if they were biomedical engineers reporting to a police crime scene investigation.

Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,

348

Seed bank composition of open and overgrown calcareous grassland soils—a case study from Southern Belgium  

Microsoft Academic Search

The success of calcareous grassland recreation following abandonment depends to a large extent on the composition of the soil seed bank. We studied the species richness and composition of the seed bank along a chronosequence from well-developed calcareous grassland to scrub and forest vegetation, which had developed on calcareous grassland over the last 225 years. The seed bank density was

B. Bossuyt; J. Butaye; O. Honnay

2006-01-01

349

Deutsche Bank Deutsche Bank S.p.A. la consociata italiana di Deutsche Bank AG che, con oltre  

E-print Network

Deutsche Bank Deutsche Bank S.p.A. è la consociata italiana di Deutsche Bank AG che, con oltre 100.000 collaboratori in più di 72 Paesi nel mondo, vanta più di 24 milioni di clienti. Deutsche Bank ricerca brillanti laureati con ottime capacità relazionali, realizzative e cognitive. Posizione Addetto Personal Banking

Robbiano, Lorenzo

350

Autism brain tissue banking.  

PubMed

One avenue of progress toward understanding the neurobiological basis of autism is through the detailed study of the post-mortem brain from affected individuals. The primary purpose of autism brain tissue banking is to make well-characterized and optimally preserved post-mortem brain tissue available to the neuroscience research community. In this paper we discuss our current understanding of the criteria for optimal characterization and preservation of post-mortem brain tissue; the pitfalls associated with inadequate clinical and neuropathological characterization and the advantages and disadvantages of post-mortem studies of the brain. We then describe the current status of the brain tissue bank supported by the Autism Tissue Program, including the demographic characteristics of the tissue donors, post-mortem interval, sex, age and the method of preservation. Finally, we provide information on the policies and procedures that govern the distribution of brain specimens by this bank and the nature of the studies that are currently being supported directly by this program. PMID:17919127

Haroutunian, Vahram; Pickett, Jane

2007-10-01

351

The local knowledge bank : uncovering the processes and networks of social innovation at Brazil's first community bank  

E-print Network

In this thesis, I apply a case study method to examine the processes of knowledge management both within the neighborhood, and in institutional partnerships, by Banco Palmas, Brazil's first community development bank, as ...

Gao, Ying, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2014-01-01

352

Bank Portfolios and the Bank Lending Channel in Austria  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the adjustments in the structure of assets and liabilities of the Austrian banking sector taking place after a monetary tightening. Following increases in short-term interest rates, the share of loans to non-banks in interest-earning assets rises, which is at odds with predictions from the bank lending channel of monetary policy transmission. An extension of credit to nonfinancial

Johann Burgstaller; Johannes Kepler

353

Wave basin model tests of technical-biological bank protection  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sloped embankments of inland waterways are usually protected from erosion and other negative im-pacts of ship-induced hydraulic loads by technical revetments consisting of riprap. Concerning the dimensioning of such bank protection there are several design rules available, e.g. the "Principles for the Design of Bank and Bottom Protection for Inland Waterways" or the Code of Practice "Use of Standard Construction Methods for Bank and Bottom Protection on Waterways" issued by the BAW (Federal Waterways Engineering and Research Institute). Since the European Water Framework Directive has been put into action special emphasis was put on natural banks. Therefore the application of technical-biological bank protection is favoured. Currently design principles for technical-biological bank protection on inland waterways are missing. The existing experiences mainly refer to flowing waters with no or low ship-induced hydraulic loads on the banks. Since 2004 the Federal Waterways Engineering and Research Institute has been tracking the re-search and development project "Alternative Technical-Biological Bank Protection on Inland Water-ways" in company with the Federal Institute of Hydrology. The investigation to date includes the ex-amination of waterway sections where technical- biological bank protection is applied locally. For the development of design rules for technical-biological bank protection investigations shall be carried out in a next step, considering the mechanics and resilience of technical-biological bank protection with special attention to ship-induced hydraulic loads. The presentation gives a short introduction into hydraulic loads at inland waterways and their bank protection. More in detail model tests of a willow brush mattress as a technical-biological bank protec-tion in a wave basin are explained. Within the scope of these tests the brush mattresses were ex-posed to wave impacts to determine their resilience towards hydraulic loads. Since the developing pore water pressure is significant considering the slope stability under hydraulic load, particular atten-tion is paid to the interaction of willow roots and pore water pressure. Furthermore the occurring ero-sion is determined. The methods of measurements, test conditions and executions as well as first results will be presented.

Eisenmann, J.

2012-04-01

354

The Bank Lending Channel and Monetary Policy Rules for European Banks: Further Extensions  

E-print Network

1 The Bank Lending Channel and Monetary Policy Rules for European Banks: Further Extensions Nicholas Apergis Department of Banking & Financial Management University of Piraeus 18534 Piraeus GREECE Department of Banking & Financial Management University of Piraeus 18534 Piraeus GREECE Abstract

Ahmad, Sajjad

355

The effects of culture on banking strategy : a study of three banks in three countries  

E-print Network

Every company pursues a different strategy, and banks are no different. In the banking industry, each bank performs its business based on its own business strategies. Japanese banks have different strategies, but in terms ...

Kuroiwa, Seiichi

2006-01-01

356

Understanding the high profitability of Chinese banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The big Chinese state-owned banks came as winners out of the global financial crisis. According to the Banker ranking, Chinese banks led the global banking profitability ranking through the years from 2008 to 2010 and contributed one fifth of global banking profits in 2010. The Chinese banking sector, which was deemed as wholly insolvent ten years ago, was reborn like

Horst Löchel; Helena Xiang Li

2011-01-01

357

A survey of DNA diagnostic laboratories regarding DNA banking  

SciTech Connect

This article reports the findings of a survey of 148 academically based and commercial DNA diagnostic labs regarding DNA banking (defined as the storage of individual DNA samples in some form with identifiers for later retrieval). The population surveyed consisted of all laboratories listed with HELIX, a national directory of DNA diagnostic labs that includes a fairly comprehensive listing of clinical service labs as well as a large number of research labs. The survey was concerned primarily with the legal and ethical issues that the long-term storage of DNA may raise. The survey inquired into the respondent`s policies and procedures concerning (1) the extent of DNA banking and of interest in developing DNA banking in academia and industry and (2) the degree to which DNA banks had developed written internal policies and/or a written depositor`s agreement (a signed document defining the rights and obligations of the person from whom the sample was taken and the bank) designed to anticipate or prevent some of the ethical and legal problems that can arise from the long-term retention of DNA. Our research suggests that (1) the activity of DNA banking is growing, particularly in the academic setting, and (2) most academically based DNA banks lack written internal policies, written depositor`s agreements, or other relevant documentation regarding important aspects of this activity. 10 refs., 10 tabs.

McEwen, J.E.; Reilly, P.R. [Boston College Law School, Newton, MA (United States)

1995-06-01

358

77 FR 65382 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Minnesota 55480-0291: 1. Jill M. Frei Trust, Wagner, South Dakota, (Security National Bank of South...acquire voting shares of Commercial State Bank of Wagner, both in Wagner, South Dakota. B. Federal Reserve Bank of...

2012-10-26

359

12 CFR 7.1003 - Money lent at banking offices or at other than banking offices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Money lent at banking offices or at other than banking offices. 7.1003 Section 7.1003 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE...

2012-01-01

360

12 CFR 7.1003 - Money lent at banking offices or at other than banking offices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Money lent at banking offices or at other than banking offices. 7.1003 Section 7.1003 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE...

2011-01-01

361

12 CFR 7.1003 - Money lent at banking offices or at other than banking offices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Money lent at banking offices or at other than banking offices. 7.1003 Section 7.1003 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE...

2013-01-01

362

12 CFR 7.1003 - Money lent at banking offices or at other than banking offices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Money lent at banking offices or at other than banking offices. 7.1003 Section 7.1003 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE...

2014-01-01

363

The Implementation of Mobile Bank Usage from marketing point of view of bank managers in Jordan.  

E-print Network

The Implementation of Mobile Bank Usage from marketing point of view of bank managers in Jordan of view in Jordan on the different dimensions of the study (Gender of bank managers, Age of bank managers between the Implementation of Mobile Bank Usage from marketing point of view of bank managers in Jordan

364

12 CFR 1750.2 - Definitions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Government-sponsored agencies; and securities issued by multilateral lending institutions or regional development banks. 1 ...Cooperation and Development (OECD) regardless of entry date, as well as countries that have concluded special lending...

2010-01-01

365

Towards alternative strategies for sustainable development in Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

African dynasties and empires enjoyed sustainable development prior to Western contact and conquest. This is fast eroding since the colonial era of rooting out all what is African by 'modernizing'Africa through the inculcation of Western ideologies and technologies. Bilateral and multilateral development cooperation for Africa has strongly favoured flawed strategies that put classical economic models at the forefront ofAfrica's development.

C. T. Eyong; I. I. Foy

2006-01-01

366

Bricks vs clicks: entrepreneurial online banking behaviour and relationship banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Little research has been conducted on the effects of information technology on financing entrepreneurial businesses or small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). The purpose of this paper is to examine the impacts of entrepreneurial online banking and relationship banking on the severity of financial problems perceived by entrepreneurs and their interactive effect. It also investigates how characteristics of

Liang Han

2008-01-01

367

Vocational Education and Training: A Review of World Bank Investment. World Bank Discussion Papers 51.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of a representative sample of 121 World Bank-funded vocational education and training components suggests that the level of economic development and consequent size and dynamism of industrial employment powerfully influence the outcome of such education and training. Consequently, future investment strategies should differ among countries…

Middleton, John; Demsky, Terry

368

31 CFR 515.314 - Banking institution.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Banking institution. 515.314 Section 515.314...REGULATIONS General Definitions § 515.314 Banking institution. The term banking institution shall include any person...

2013-07-01

369

31 CFR 515.314 - Banking institution.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Banking institution. 515.314 Section 515.314...REGULATIONS General Definitions § 515.314 Banking institution. The term banking institution shall include any person...

2012-07-01

370

31 CFR 515.314 - Banking institution.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Banking institution. 515.314 Section 515.314...REGULATIONS General Definitions § 515.314 Banking institution. The term banking institution shall include any person...

2010-07-01

371

31 CFR 515.314 - Banking institution.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Banking institution. 515.314 Section 515.314...REGULATIONS General Definitions § 515.314 Banking institution. The term banking institution shall include any person...

2014-07-01

372

31 CFR 500.314 - Banking institution.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Banking institution. 500.314 Section 500.314...REGULATIONS General Definitions § 500.314 Banking institution. The term banking institution shall include any person...

2010-07-01

373

31 CFR 515.314 - Banking institution.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Banking institution. 515.314 Section 515.314...REGULATIONS General Definitions § 515.314 Banking institution. The term banking institution shall include any person...

2011-07-01

374

Idea Bank: Changing Misconceptions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

During student-centered learning activities, students actively engage in their own learning based on individual prior understandings. It can be difficult for a teacher to know if students fully understand the concepts being presented, especially if they do not comment or ask questions because they are shy or afraid of getting something wrong. Teachers may not know students' true ideas until they express themselves on a written summative exam, and then it is often too late to correct them before rushing off to the next topic. Therefore, the author uses pretests, daily learning logs, and posttests to assess student learning and change misconceptions. She shares her strategy in this month's Idea Bank.

Tara Holzmiller

2008-12-01

375

US-Canada Great Lakes Regional Specimen Bank Feasibility Study.  

PubMed

A study to examine the feasibility of establishing a Regional Specimen Bank in the Great Lakes area of the United States and Canada has recently been initiated by the Michigan Audubon Society. There are several existing formal and informal specimen banking facilities active in the region but their combined adequacy has not been evaluated. This feasibility study will establish the need and use of a regional bank and the institution(s) necessary to satisfy this need will be recommended. The study will address the scope required to meet present and future needs including the types of specimens to be represented in the bank, geographic coverage and protocols for collection, shipping, processing, analysis and storage. A management policy of the bank will be developed encompassing business operation, costs, governing structure and personnel requirements. The legal requirements of the bank will be determined with regards to the acquisition of samples, transport across national boundaries, access to specimens and information, and liability during operation. An effective information dissemination network will be recommended that is compatible with national and international partners, will facilitate technology and information transfer and support the quality and status of the bank. Determination of secure, long-term funding sources will be one of the key elements to ensuring a safe repository. This feasibility study is funded by the Great Lakes Protection Fund. PMID:8272827

Kerry, A; Edmonds, C J; Landon, L; Yonker, T L

1993-11-01

376

12 CFR 195.25 - Community development test for wholesale or limited purpose savings associations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...appropriate Federal banking agency evaluates the community development performance...appropriate Federal banking agency will consider in its community development performance...appropriate Federal banking agency considers...investments, community development...

2012-01-01

377

12 CFR 195.25 - Community development test for wholesale or limited purpose savings associations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...appropriate Federal banking agency evaluates the community development performance...appropriate Federal banking agency will consider in its community development performance...appropriate Federal banking agency considers...investments, community development...

2013-01-01

378

12 CFR 195.25 - Community development test for wholesale or limited purpose savings associations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...appropriate Federal banking agency evaluates the community development performance...appropriate Federal banking agency will consider in its community development performance...appropriate Federal banking agency considers...investments, community development...

2014-01-01

379

Cold-water coral banks and submarine landslides: a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to review the relation between cold-water coral bank development and submarine landslides. Both are common\\u000a features on continental margins, but so far it has not been reviewed which effect—if at all—they may have upon each other.\\u000a Indirect and direct relations between coral banks and landslides are evaluated here, based on four case studies: the Magellan\\u000a Mound Province

Ben De Mol; Veerle Huvenne; Miquel Canals

2009-01-01

380

Enhanced Authentication In Online Banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

The online banking environment has grown tremendously over the past several years and will continue to grow as financial institutions continue to strive to allow customers to complete money transfers, pay bills, and access critical information online. During this same time, online banking has been plagued by Internet criminals and fraudsters attempting to steal customer information. Phishing, pharming, and other

Gregory D. Williamson

381

Assessing and differentiating the quality of Internet-based services: a case of online banking in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the assessment and differentiation of the quality of online banking services. A hypothesis is developed, followed by the presentation of a methodology that combines a service quality measurement model and an importance–performance matrix to help banks differentiate service quality and thus effectively increase the satisfaction of existing customers (old customers). Competitive features among banks are also incorporated

Chian-Son Yu

2008-01-01

382

World Bank Annual Report 1999  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Fiscal year 1999 (FY99) was a year of continued -- and formidable -- challenges," begins the World Bank Annual Report 1999. It goes on to list the financial crises in Brazil, Asia, and Russia and the natural disasters that struck the Caribbean, Asia, and Central America. And through it all, the World Bank was there. This report charts global economic progress and explains the World Bank's involvement in many aspects of the world economy. Broken into smaller reports, World Bank's annual report looks at the surprising rise of poverty, the issues surrounding Y2K and banking assistance, and the progress in anti-corruption efforts, among other issues. Also included are letters from the chairman, highlights, and summaries of improved projects.

Bank., World

383

Forensic DNA data banking by state crime labortaories  

SciTech Connect

This article reports the results of a survey of the responsible crime laboratories in the first 19 states with legislation establishing forensic DNA data banks. The survey inquired into the labs` policies and procedures regarding the collection, storage, and analysis of samples; the retention of samples and data; search protocols; access to samples and data by third parties; and related matters. The research suggests that (1) the number of samples collected from convicted offenders for DNA data banking has far surpassed the number that have been analyzed; (2) data banks have already been used in a small but growing number of cases, to locate suspects and to identify associations between unresolved cases; (3) crime labs currently plan to retain indefinitely the samples collected for their data banks; and (4) the nature and extent of security safeguards that crime labs have implemented for their data banks vary among states. The recently enacted DNA Identification Act (1994) will provide $40 million in federal matching grants to states for DNA analysis activities, so long as states comply with specified quality-assurance standards, submit to external proficiency testing, and limit access to DNA information. Although these additional funds should help to ease some sample backlogs, it remains unclear how labs will allocate the funds, as between analyzing samples for their data banks and testing evidence samples in cases without suspects. The DNA Identification Act provides penalties for the disclosure or obtaining of DNA data held by data banks that participate in CODIS, the FBI`s evolving national network of DNA data banks, but individual crime labs must also develop stringent internal safeguards to prevent breaches of data-bank security. 9 refs., 3 tabs.

McEwen, J.E. [Eunice Kennedy Shrive Center for Mental Retardation, Waltham, MA (United States)

1995-06-01

384

12 CFR 225.129 - Activities closely related to banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Activities closely related to banking. 225.129 Section 225.129 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL...

2012-01-01

385

12 CFR 225.131 - Activities closely related to banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Activities closely related to banking. 225.131 Section 225.131 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL...

2011-01-01

386

12 CFR 225.129 - Activities closely related to banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Activities closely related to banking. 225.129 Section 225.129 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL...

2013-01-01

387

12 CFR 204.8 - International banking facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false International banking facilities. 204.8 Section 204.8 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM RESERVE...

2013-01-01

388

12 CFR 337.11 - Effect on other banking practices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Effect on other banking practices. 337.11 Section 337.11 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS AND STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY...

2014-01-01

389

12 CFR 337.11 - Effect on other banking practices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Effect on other banking practices. 337.11 Section 337.11 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS AND STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY...

2013-01-01

390

12 CFR 204.8 - International banking facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false International banking facilities. 204.8 Section 204.8 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM RESERVE...

2014-01-01

391

12 CFR 225.123 - Activities closely related to banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Activities closely related to banking. 225.123 Section 225.123 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL...

2010-01-01

392

12 CFR 337.11 - Effect on other banking practices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Effect on other banking practices. 337.11 Section 337.11 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS AND STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY...

2011-01-01

393

12 CFR 225.123 - Activities closely related to banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Activities closely related to banking. 225.123 Section 225.123 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL...

2011-01-01

394

12 CFR 225.131 - Activities closely related to banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Activities closely related to banking. 225.131 Section 225.131 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL...

2014-01-01

395

12 CFR 225.131 - Activities closely related to banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Activities closely related to banking. 225.131 Section 225.131 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL...

2013-01-01

396

12 CFR 204.8 - International banking facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false International banking facilities. 204.8 Section 204.8 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM RESERVE...

2010-01-01

397

12 CFR 225.131 - Activities closely related to banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Activities closely related to banking. 225.131 Section 225.131 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL...

2012-01-01

398

12 CFR 225.129 - Activities closely related to banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Activities closely related to banking. 225.129 Section 225.129 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL...

2014-01-01

399

12 CFR 204.8 - International banking facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false International banking facilities. 204.8 Section 204.8 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM RESERVE...

2012-01-01

400

12 CFR 225.123 - Activities closely related to banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Activities closely related to banking. 225.123 Section 225.123 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL...

2013-01-01

401

12 CFR 337.11 - Effect on other banking practices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Effect on other banking practices. 337.11 Section 337.11 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS AND STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY...

2012-01-01

402

12 CFR 225.131 - Activities closely related to banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Activities closely related to banking. 225.131 Section 225.131 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL...

2010-01-01

403

12 CFR 225.123 - Activities closely related to banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Activities closely related to banking. 225.123 Section 225.123 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL...

2012-01-01

404

12 CFR 225.129 - Activities closely related to banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Activities closely related to banking. 225.129 Section 225.129 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL...

2011-01-01

405

12 CFR 204.8 - International banking facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false International banking facilities. 204.8 Section 204.8 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM RESERVE...

2011-01-01

406

12 CFR 337.11 - Effect on other banking practices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Effect on other banking practices. 337.11 Section 337.11 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS AND STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY...

2010-01-01

407

12 CFR 1290.6 - Bank community support programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Bank community support programs. 1290...Section 1290.6 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE...HOUSING GOALS AND MISSION COMMUNITY SUPPORT REQUIREMENTS...

2014-01-01

408

12 CFR 1290.6 - Bank community support programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 9 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Bank community support programs. 1290...Section 1290.6 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE...HOUSING GOALS AND MISSION COMMUNITY SUPPORT REQUIREMENTS...

2012-01-01

409

DNA banking and DNA databanking by academic and commercial laboratories  

SciTech Connect

The advent of DNA-based testing is giving rise to DNA banking (the long-term storage of cells, transformed cell lines, or extracted DNA for subsequent retrieval and analysis) and DNA data banking (the indefinite storage of information derived from DNA analysis). Large scale acquisition and storage of DNA and DNA data has important implications for the privacy rights of individuals. A survey of 148 academically based and commercial DNA diagnostic laboratories was conducted to determine: (1) the extent of their DNA banking activities; (2) their policies and experiences regarding access to DNA samples and data; (3) the quality assurance measures they employ; and (4) whether they have written policies and/or depositor`s agreements addressing specific issues. These issues include: (1) who may have access to DNA samples and data; (2) whether scientists may have access to anonymous samples or data for research use; (3) whether they have plans to contact depositors or retest samples if improved tests for a disorder become available; (4) disposition of samples at the end of the contract period if the laboratory ceases operations, if storage fees are unpaid, or after a death or divorce; (5) the consequence of unauthorized release, loss, or accidental destruction of samples; and (6) whether depositors may share in profits from the commercialization of tests or treatments developed in part from studies of stored DNA. The results suggest that many laboratories are banking DNA, that many have already amassed a large number of samples, and that a significant number plan to further develop DNA banking as a laboratory service over the next two years. Few laboratories have developed written policies governing DNA banking, and fewer still have drafted documents that define the rights and obligations of the parties. There may be a need for increased regulation of DNA banking and DNA data banking and for better defined policies with respect to protecting individual privacy.

McEwen, J.E. [Eunice Kennedy Shriver Center, Waltham, MA (United States)]|[Boston College Law School, Newton, MA (United States); Reilly, P.R. [Eunice Kennedy Shriver Center, Waltham, MA (United States)

1994-09-01

410

Early Childhood Development through an Integrated Program: Evidence from the Philippines. Impact Evaluation Series No. 2. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3922-IE  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More attention and resources have been devoted in recent years to early childhood development (ECD) in low- and middle-income countries. Rigorous studies on the effectiveness of ECD-related programs for improving children's development in various dimensions in the developing world are scant. The authors evaluate an important ECD initiative of the…

Armecin, Graeme; Behrman, Jere R.; Ghuman, Sharon; Gultiano, Socorro; King, Elizabeth M.; Lee, Nanette

2006-01-01

411

Umbilical cord blood banking: beyond the public-private divide.  

PubMed

Umbilical cord blood is a source of haematopoietic progenitor cells, which are used to treat a range of malignant, genetic, metabolic and immune disorders. Until recently, cord blood was either collected through donations to publicly funded cord blood banks for use in allogeneic transplantation, or stored in commercial cord blood banks for use in autologous transplantation. The line between public and private cord blood banking is being blurred by the emergence of "hybrid" models that combine aspects of both the public and private systems. The authors describe these hybrid models and argue that their emergence is explained by both market forces and public sector policy They propose that the future of the sector will depend heavily on several key developments that will differentially affect public, private and hybrid banking models. PMID:22558903

O'Connor, Michelle A C; Samuel, Gabrielle; Jordens, Christopher F C; Kerridge, Ian H

2012-03-01

412

Credit Unions vs. Banks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News looks at the debate between the banks and credit unions over the issues of membership. The nine resources discussed provide background information about the debate and the arguments from both sides of the issue. On February 25, 1998, the Supreme Court ruled that the National Credit Union Administration's policy of permitting federal credit unions to serve multiple unrelated groups was unlawful. As a result, the credit union lobby persuaded the House of Representatives to overwhelmingly pass HR 1151, the Credit Union Membership Access Act, by a vote of 411-8. HR 1151 will allow credit unions to form multiple common bonds with certain limitations. Similar legislation is now under consideration in the Senate.

Ng, Thiam Hee.

1998-01-01

413

Blood banking in the small hospital.  

PubMed

This represents an attempt to briefly outline the type of blood bank and transfusion service we at Montrose Memorial Hospital have developed and utilized to supply our blood needs. Basically it is a system based on a fairly large list of known, pretested, and available donors who can be contacted quickly to supply blood upon demand. Only bare minimum stock supplies are maintained. The major problem is waste of blood, but Montrose experience continues to fall below the average for rural areas. Although the starting and maintaining of this walking blood bank was and is a complicated involved, and somewhat tedious process, we have been happy with the results and have been able to supply in an adequate fashion the blood requirements of an isolated yet extremely active population with a sophisticated medical community. PMID:451798

Benziger, M; Benziger, J; Canfield, T M

1979-06-01

414

Wetland mitigation banking for the oil and gas industry: Assessment, conclusions, and recommendations  

SciTech Connect

Wetland mitigation banks are already in existence in the United States, and the number is increasing. To date, most of these banks have been created and operated for mitigation of impacts arising from highway or commercial development and have not been associated with the oil and gas industry. Argonne National Laboratory evaluated the positive and negative aspects of wetland mitigation banking for the oil and gas industry by examining banks already created for other uses by federal, state, and private entities. Specific issues addressed in this study include (1) the economic, ecological, and technical effectiveness of existing banks; (2) the changing nature of local, state, and federal jurisdiction; and (3) the unique regulatory and jurisdictional problems affecting bank developments associated with the oil and gas industry.

Wilkey, P.L.; Sundell, R.C.; Bailey, K.A.; Hayes, D.C.

1994-01-01

415

Suggested Models of Implementing the Project CAREER Data Bank.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report offers an overview of Project CAREER and its development of a computerized data bank of occupational behavioral objectives which can be used as curriculum building blocks for a career development process. Although developed for the general population, the data has applicability for the handicapped population via the coding of those…

Leonard, Patricia M.

416

76 FR 72878 - Financial Crimes Enforcement Network; Amendment to the Bank Secrecy Act Regulations-Imposition of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...encourages other countries or multilateral groups to take similar action...medical exports to Iran, as well as other licensed transactions...to the financial system, as well as the incremental costs...entities, and governments; and multilateral organizations doing...

2011-11-28

417

Understanding Bank Runs: The Importance of Depositor-Bank Relationships  

E-print Network

We use unique depositor-level data for a bank that faced a run to understand the factors that affect depositor behavior. We find uninsured depositors are most likely to run. Deposit insurance helps, but is only partially ...

Iyer, Rajkamal

418

Education for Economic Growth or Human Development? the Capabilities Approach and the World Bank's Basic Education Project in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Turkey's recent development plans suggest that, according to state planners, development is no longer identified with, achieved through or measured by economic growth. These documents evince that Turkey has embraced what is referred to as the capability approach. What remains unclear is whether this embrace is substantive or rhetorical. This…

McClure, Kevin R.

2014-01-01

419

Understanding registration influences for electronic banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growth in online or e-banking has resulted in customers interacting with their banks through remote technological channels to a greater extent. That said, there is much variation in online banking registration and adoption levels and little is understood about actual customer motivators and perceived barriers to registration for online banking services. As part of a larger study exploring the

Mark Durkin

2007-01-01

420

Bank Privatization, Finance, and Growth Daniel Berkowitz*  

E-print Network

Bank Privatization, Finance, and Growth Daniel Berkowitz* University of Pittsburgh Mark Hoekstra whether privatizing state-owned banks improves finance and economic growth. To do so, we exploit regional banking variation in Russia induced by the idiosyncratic creation of "specialized banks" in the last years

Behmer, Spencer T.

421

Retail Banking in Hungary: A Foreign Affair?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last decade, Hungary has experienced more foreign bank entry than any country in world, starting with foreign greenfield operations and then followed by the privatization of four of its largest banks to strategic foreign owners. Currently about two thirds of all banking assets in Hungary are foreign owned; the only major bank without a foreign owner is Országos

John P. Bonin; Istvan Abel

2000-01-01

422

Liquidity risk and performance of banking system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine liquidity risk in Pakistani banks and evaluate the effect on banks' profitability. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Data are retrieved from the balance sheets, income statements and notes of 22 Pakistani banks during 2004-2009. Multiple regressions are applied to assess the impact of liquidity risk on banks' profitability. Findings – The results of

Ahmed Arif; Ahmed Nauman Anees

2012-01-01

423

China's Banking Reform: The Remaining Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1994, China has endeavoured to establish a banking system that works more closely to commercial principles by transforming the specialized banks (SBs) into state-owned commercial banks (SOCBs). However, lending decisions of the SOCBs were still determined by state directives instead of profitability consideration. This paper argues that although the post-WTO banking reforms have accomplished staggering results, China's SOCBs need

Charles C. L. Kwong

2011-01-01

424

A method to investigate wetland mitigation banking for Saipan, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) government is considering developing a wetlands mitigation bank on the island of Saipan. The goals of developing the bank are to maximize cost effectiveness of compensatory wetland mitigation, streamline the wetland regulatory framework, and minimize environmental impacts from compensatory wetland mitigation. This article describes the method being employed by the Joint Federal\\/CNMI

Eric L. Gilman

1997-01-01

425

The World Bank New Discourse and the 1999 Education Sector Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The climate of growing dissatisfaction in the developing world seems to have led to some changes in the World Bank's main discourse. The current World Bank president, James Wolfensohn, pointed out the existence of a "human crisis," besides the overemphasized financial one. He proposed a new development framework taking into account the widening…

de Siqueira, Angela C.

426

Clustering the consumers on the basis of their perceptions of the Internet banking services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to explore Internet banking services (IBS), consumers availing the services and the potential development possibilities of the services in the challenging operational environment. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – On the basis of exploratory interviews, previous Internet banking studies and relating literature, seven dimensions of IBS ranging from very practical to more hedonic are developed and

Katariina Mäenpää

2006-01-01

427

Uncommon Knowledge: World Bank Policy and the Unmaking of the Knowledge Economy in Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Bank is clearly one of the most influential global intergovernmental operators for international development assistance. In recent decades, the Bank and other agencies have invested immense technical and financial resources in a troubled and unprecedented mission of revitalizing and restructuring the development of education in Africa. A…

Obamba, Milton O.

2013-01-01

428

Market Discipline and Bank Charter Value: The Case of Two Safe Banking Industries  

E-print Network

Market Discipline and Bank Charter Value: The Case of Two Safe Banking Industries Mamiza Haqa discipline and bank charter value using a panel dataset of publicly-listed domestic banks in Australia). Overall, our results show a positive relationship between market discipline and bank charter value

Boyer, Edmond

429

Deregulation, the Internet, and the competitive viability of large banks and community banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deregulation, technological change, and increased competitive rivalry are transforming U.S. commercial banking from an industry dominated by thousands of small, locally focused banks into an industry where a handful of large banks could potentially span the nation and control the majority of its bank deposits. This paper examines the comparative strengths and weaknesses of large and small banks in this

Robert DeYoung; William C. Hunter

2001-01-01

430

A comparative study on e-banking services between China and USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a comparative study about the issues in the current e-banking services among the young consumers between two nations: China vs. USA. As the attitude and usage of young consumers will be a good indicator for the trend of e-banking service in the future, and different cultures and traditions will play a role in the development of e-banking

Jiaqin Yang; Li Cheng; Xia Luo

2009-01-01

431

The World Bank's Participatory Development Approach in the Country Assistance Strategy (CAS) Paper for the Republic of Senegal: Rhetoric or Reality?  

E-print Network

. In fact, Rostow?s five stages of economic growth were embraced by many development advocates who believed that LDCs must go through these stages if they want to attain growth.24 During this development era, investment and industrialization were seen... Economics. (United Nations University, 2007), 7. 23. Ibid., 5. 24. Rostow?s five stages of economic growth are: Traditional society, the pre-conditions for take-off, the drive to maturity, and the age of high mass consumption. 13 driven...

Ndiaye, Rokhaya

2009-12-18

432

Eye Bank Association of America  

MedlinePLUS

... Leadership Forum Awards & Grants Patricia Aiken-O’Neill Scholarship Richard Lindstrom/EBAA Research Fund EBAA Networking Grants ... Sight Award Crystal Cornea Award Jachin Misko Memorial Scholarship for Technical Advancement in Eye Banking About Us ...

433

The Electronic Banking Resource Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Electronic Banking Resource Center, provided by an MBA graduate student at Ohio State University, is a one stop resource for information about banking on the Internet. It contains pointers to explanations of various open payment standards; a FAQ on electronic money/Internet payment systems that discusses such issues as challenges of Internet payment systems, electronic cash, credit cards, and checks and the Web, and advice for merchants on the Internet, among others; a page of pointers to examples of Internet financial transactions; and a large page of pointers to banks on the Internet. The Resource Center also contains pointers to other banking related sites. http://www.informatik.uni-trier.de/~damm/Lehre/E-Money/InternetPayment.html

434

Idea Bank: Explaining Biological Phenomena  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this Idea Bank, the author provides two classroom activities that integrate argumentation, explanation, and the use of evidence with biology content. The first example fits within an ecology unit; the second works well in one on evolution. These exampl

Levin, Daniel M.

2010-09-01

435

Blood Banking in Living Droplets  

E-print Network

Blood banking has a broad public health impact influencing millions of lives daily. It could potentially benefit from emerging biopreservation technologies. However, although vitrification has shown advantages over traditional ...

Samot, Josh

436

Cultural Memory Banking in Preservice Science Teacher Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study focused on the exemplification of cultural memory banking as an ethnographic tool to understand cultural practices relevant to science teaching and learning in a rural coastal village in a central island of the Philippine archipelago. Using the collaborative action ethnography as a research methodology, 10 prospective science teachers and a science teacher educator/doctoral candidate formed a research team and documented community funds of knowledge relevant to science teaching and learning through their participation in a Community Immersion course. The study employed the use of the cultural memory banking as a meditational tool to analyze, make sense of, and represent interview, focus-group discussion, and observation data, among others, for the development of culturally relevant science lessons. Originally used as an anthropological tool to preserve cultural knowledge associated with the cultivation of indigenous plant varieties, the cultural memory banking, as adapted in science education, was used, both as a data collection and analytic tool, to locate relevant science at the intersection of community life. The research team developed a cultural memory bank exemplar, "Ginamos: The Stinky Smell that Sells," to highlight the learning experiences and meaning-making process of those involved in its development. Dilemmas and insights on the development and use of cultural memory banking were discussed with respect to issues of knowledge mining and mainstreaming of indigenous/local funds of knowledge, troubling the privileged position of Western-inspired nature of science.

Handa, Vicente C.; Tippins, Deborah J.

2012-12-01

437

12 CFR Appendix D to Part 229 - Indorsement, Reconverting Bank Identification, and Truncating Bank Identification Standards  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Identification, and Truncating Bank Identification Standards D Appendix D to Part 229 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM...COLLECTION OF CHECKS (REGULATION CC) Pt. 229, App. D Appendix D to Part 229—Indorsement,...

2011-01-01

438

12 CFR Appendix D to Part 229 - Indorsement, Reconverting Bank Identification, and Truncating Bank Identification Standards  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Identification, and Truncating Bank Identification Standards D Appendix D to Part 229 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM...COLLECTION OF CHECKS (REGULATION CC) Pt. 229, App. D Appendix D to Part 229—Indorsement, Reconverting...

2013-01-01

439

12 CFR Appendix D to Part 229 - Indorsement, Reconverting Bank Identification, and Truncating Bank Identification Standards  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Identification, and Truncating Bank Identification Standards D Appendix D to Part 229 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM...COLLECTION OF CHECKS (REGULATION CC) Pt. 229, App. D Appendix D to Part 229—Indorsement,...

2012-01-01

440

12 CFR Appendix D to Part 229 - Indorsement, Reconverting Bank Identification, and Truncating Bank Identification Standards  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Identification, and Truncating Bank Identification Standards D Appendix D to Part 229 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM...COLLECTION OF CHECKS (REGULATION CC) Pt. 229, App. D Appendix D to Part 229—Indorsement,...

2010-01-01

441

Introduction Operations Management of Blood Banking Systems Blood Banking Systems Network Design Supply Chain Network  

E-print Network

Introduction Operations Management of Blood Banking Systems Blood Banking Systems Network Design Supply Chain Network Operations Management and Design of A Sustainable Blood Banking System Amir Masoumi SCHMGT 597LG - Humanitarian Logistics and Healthcare Isenberg School of Management University

Nagurney, Anna

442

Rapid Population Growth and Human Carrying Capacity: Two Perspectives. World Bank Staff Working Papers No. 690 and Population and Development Series No. 15.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two perspectives on carrying capacity and population growth are examined. The first perspective, "Carrying Capacity and Rapid Population Growth: Definition, Cases, and Consequences" (Robert Muscat), explores the possible meanings of the idea of carrying capacity under developing country conditions, looks at historical and present-day cases of…

Mahar, Dennis J., Ed.; And Others

443

Tissue banking: the role of the Regional Blood Centre: an American experience in Minnesota.  

PubMed

The clinical use of bone, cornea, skin, connective tissue and heart valve allografts has increased greatly in the past several years, with bone the most commonly transplanted tissue. Tissue allografts have been the vehicle to transmit infectious disease from donor to recipient. Provision of safe and effective tissue has gradually developed and improved as regional tissue banks have organized, and standards of practice evolved. Regional Blood Centres have the special capabilities and experience to provide the expertise required in tissue banking. Consequent to these community needs, regional bone and tissue banks have been established in blood banks and the experience of the American Red Cross in St Paul, Minnesota is described. PMID:1943541

Steckler, D; Eastlund, T

1991-04-01

444

Sustainable development policies and measures: institutional issues and electrical efficiency in South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

An innovative approach is introduced for helping developing countries to make their development more sustainable, and also to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as a co-benefit. Such an approach is proposed as part of the multilateral framework on climate change. The concept of sustainable development policies and measures (SD-PAMs) is outlined, making clear that it is distinct from many other

HARALD WINKLER; MARK HOWELLS; KEVIN BAUMERT

2007-01-01

445

Economic Efficiency of Texas Country Banks.  

E-print Network

and Philadelphia Reserve Dis- tricts. Expenses among Texas banks ranged from 6.64 cents (small banks) to 4.92 cents (large banks) per dollar of loans and invest- mts, as compared with a range of 5.65 to 4.79 among member mtry banks of the Chicago District and 4....14 in the Philadelphia District. The average rate charged on loans among Texas banks ranged from 9.51 to 6.81 per cent, as compared with a range of 7.36 to 6.05 per cent in the Chicago District. CONTENTS Page Introduction 3 Classification of Texas banks...

Lee, Virgil P. (Virgil Porter)

1932-01-01

446

Turning a Private Label Bank Card into a Multi-function Campus ID Card.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the development at Florida State University of the Seminole ACCESS card, which functions simultaneously as a bank automated teller machine card, a student identification card, and a debit card. Explained are the partnership between the university and the bank charge card center, funding system, technologies involved, and…

James, Thomas G.; Norwood, Bill R.

1991-01-01

447

An evaluation of customers' perception and usage of rural community banks (RCBs) in Ghana  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To ascertain customers' usage level and perceptions of the image of rural community banks (RCBs) in Ghana. This research examines whether women and men differ in their levels of satisfaction and expectation about the banks' services. It also assesses the contribution of RCBs towards infrastructural development in the rural areas. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Both desk and primary research methods

Nana Owusu-Frimpong

2008-01-01

448

Determinants of corporate social responsibility disclosure: the case of Islamic banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop and test a theoretical model of the determinants of Islamic banks' social disclosures. In testing the hypotheses, the level of social disclosure in Islamic banks' annual reports is gauged based on a benchmark derived from Islamic principles. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Applying the principles of systems-oriented theories such as political economy, legitimacy

Sayd Farook; M. Kabir Hassan; Roman Lanis

2011-01-01

449

Gender and institutional strengthening: the World Bank's policy record in Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the gendered nature of institutional strengthening policies at the World Bank, as part of an attempt to analyse what role gender plays in the institutionalist turn within development policy. It focuses on three snapshots of Bank action wherein debates about gender and institutional strengthening are particularly pertinent: Washington, DC policy texts and Presidential speeches; gender policy enacted

Kate Bedford

2009-01-01

450

Financial Systems and the Role of Banks in Monetary Policy Transmission in the Euro Area  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper offers a comprehensive comparison of the structure of banking and financial markets in the euro area. Based on this, several hypotheses about the role of banks in monetary policy transmission are developed. Many of the predictions that have been proposed for the U.S. are deemed unlikely to apply in Europe. Testing these hypotheses we find that monetary policy

Patrick Sevestre; Jorge Martinez-Pages; Andreas Worms

2001-01-01

451

Proceedings, 2001National Conference on Beach Preservation Technology, pp. 274-283 COASTAL INLET BANK EROSION  

E-print Network

BANK EROSION William C. Seabergh 1 Abstract: Much focus is placed on beach erosion on the open coast erosion. These shorelines lie adjacent to coastal inlets and extend around the inlet from the ocean to bay shoreline develop inner-bank erosion in the absence of preventive measures. Many mature projects show eroded

US Army Corps of Engineers

452

Calcium Nutrition Perceptions among Food Bank Users: A Canadian Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the differences in the food bank users' perceptions related to calcium nutrition across sex and employment status using a cross-sectional, prospective design at a large food bank in Canada. A total of 197 individuals participated for a response rate of 97%. A structured survey was developed and pilot tested before it was…

Johnson, Shanthi; Hawkins, Nicki

2010-01-01

453

Financial Education for Teachers: The Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Federal Reserve Banks around the country produce a great number of educational resources for the general public, students, and teachers. The Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis has developed a section of their site dedicated to financial education resources specifically for teachers. Located within the "Teaching Aids" area, the site includes a curriculum unit on United States money and a link to the "What is a Dollar Worth" calculator. This interactive calculator helps people understand the relative value of a dollar, and it also provides a bit of background on how the calculator works and what it measures exactly. Additionally, the site contains a link to "The Economic Literacy Project: Seeking a Blueprint for America". Here visitors can review a report on economic literacy and also learn more about recent studies on banking failures and early childhood development.

454

78 FR 20643 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...of Finlayson Bancshares, Inc., Finlayson, Minnesota, and thereby indirectly retain voting shares of Northview Bank, Sandstone, Minnesota, and First Independent Bank, Russell, Minnesota. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System,...

2013-04-05

455

76 FR 4896 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...retain voting shares of Biscayne Bancshares, Inc., and thereby indirectly retain voting shares of Biscayne Bank, both in Coconut Grove, Florida. B. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City (Dennis Denney, Assistant Vice President) 1 Memorial Drive,...

2011-01-27

456

Brain and Tissue Bank for Developmental Disorders  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Brain and Tissue Bank at the University of Maryland at Baltimore is established to advance the research of developmental disorders and is in contract to the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health. The objective of this human tissue repository is to systematically collect, store, and distribute brain and other tissue for research dedicated to the improved understanding, care and treatment of individuals with developmental disorders. A listing of disorders, tissues and request information is available, in addition to registry information for potential donors.

1995-01-01

457

40 CFR 1042.715 - Banking emission credits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Banking emission credits. 1042.715 Section...COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES AND VESSELS Averaging, Banking, and Trading for Certification § 1042.715 Banking emission credits. (a) Banking...

2012-07-01

458

40 CFR 1042.715 - Banking emission credits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Banking emission credits. 1042.715 Section...COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES AND VESSELS Averaging, Banking, and Trading for Certification § 1042.715 Banking emission credits. (a) Banking...

2013-07-01

459

40 CFR 1042.715 - Banking emission credits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Banking emission credits. 1042.715 Section...COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES AND VESSELS Averaging, Banking, and Trading for Certification § 1042.715 Banking emission credits. (a) Banking...

2011-07-01

460

40 CFR 1042.715 - Banking emission credits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Banking emission credits. 1042.715 Section...COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES AND VESSELS Averaging, Banking, and Trading for Certification § 1042.715 Banking emission credits. (a) Banking...

2010-07-01

461

40 CFR 1042.715 - Banking emission credits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Banking emission credits. 1042.715 Section...COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES AND VESSELS Averaging, Banking, and Trading for Certification § 1042.715 Banking emission credits. (a) Banking...

2014-07-01

462

12 CFR 944.6 - Bank community support programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...which shall require the Bank to: (i) Conduct market research in the Bank's district; (ii) Describe how the Bank will address identified credit needs and market opportunities in the Bank's district for...

2010-01-01

463

Ecological Niche Modelling of Bank Voles in Western Europe  

PubMed Central

The bank vole (Myodes glareolus) is the natural host of Puumala virus (PUUV) in vast areas of Europe. PUUV is one of the hantaviruses which are transmitted to humans by infected rodents. PUUV causes a general mild form of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) called nephropathia epidemica (NE). Vector-borne and zoonotic diseases generally display clear spatial patterns due to different space-dependent factors. Land cover influences disease transmission by controlling both the spatial distribution of vectors or hosts, as well as by facilitating the human contact with them. In this study the use of ecological niche modelling (ENM) for predicting the geographical distribution of bank vole population on the basis of spatial climate information is tested. The Genetic Algorithm for Rule-set Prediction (GARP) is used to model the ecological niche of bank voles in Western Europe. The meteorological data, land cover types and geo-referenced points representing the locations of the bank voles (latitude/longitude) in the study area are used as the primary model input value. The predictive accuracy of the bank vole ecologic niche model was significant (training accuracy of 86%). The output of the GARP models based on the 50% subsets of points used for testing the model showed an accuracy of 75%. Compared with random models, the probability of such high predictivity was low (?2 tests, p < 10?6). As such, the GARP models were predictive and the used ecologic niche model indeed indicates the ecologic requirements of bank voles. This approach successfully identified the areas of infection risk across the study area. The result suggests that the niche modelling approach can be implemented in a next step towards the development of new tools for monitoring the bank vole’s population. PMID:23358234

Amirpour Haredasht, Sara; Barrios, Miguel; Farifteh, Jamshid; Maes, Piet; Clement, Jan; Verstraeten, Willem W.; Tersago, Katrien; Van Ranst, Marc; Coppin, Pol; Berckmans, Daniel; Aerts, Jean-Marie

2013-01-01

464

78 FR 61352 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...of a bank or bank holding company. The factors that are considered...FirstSecure Bank and Trust Company, Palos Hill, IL. B. Federal...all as members of the Isham Family Group, to retain shares of Isham Management Company, and therby retain...

2013-10-03

465

75 FR 42444 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisition of Shares of Bank or Bank Holding Companies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisition of Shares of Bank...have applied under the Change in Bank Control Act (12 U.S.C. 1817(j)) and...Recovery Fund IV, L.P.; WLR IV Parallel ESC, L.P.; Invesco North America...

2010-07-21

466

40 CFR 73.36 - Banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Environment 16 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Banking. 73.36 Section 73.36 Protection of Environment...ALLOWANCE SYSTEM Allowance Tracking System § 73.36 Banking. (a) Compliance accounts. Any allowance in a...

2010-07-01

467

40 CFR 73.36 - Banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Environment 17 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Banking. 73.36 Section 73.36 Protection of Environment...ALLOWANCE SYSTEM Allowance Tracking System § 73.36 Banking. (a) Compliance accounts. Any allowance in a...

2012-07-01

468

Banking channel management : global trends and strategies  

E-print Network

Banking channel management has become a crucial component in the drive for improved efficiency. Since the channel is the interlocutor between customers and products, banks are leveraging their knowledge of channels to ...

Catalan, Renato Teixeira

2004-01-01

469

40 CFR 73.36 - Banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Environment 16 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Banking. 73.36 Section 73.36 Protection of Environment...ALLOWANCE SYSTEM Allowance Tracking System § 73.36 Banking. (a) Compliance accounts. Any allowance in a...

2011-07-01

470

40 CFR 73.36 - Banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Environment 17 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Banking. 73.36 Section 73.36 Protection of Environment...ALLOWANCE SYSTEM Allowance Tracking System § 73.36 Banking. (a) Compliance accounts. Any allowance in a...

2013-07-01

471

40 CFR 73.36 - Banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Environment 17 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Banking. 73.36 Section 73.36 Protection of Environment...ALLOWANCE SYSTEM Allowance Tracking System § 73.36 Banking. (a) Compliance accounts. Any allowance in a...

2014-07-01

472

40 CFR 96.355 - Banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Banking. 96.355 Section 96.355 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...CAIR NOX Ozone Season Allowance Tracking System § 96.355 Banking. (a) CAIR NOX Ozone Season...

2010-07-01

473

Aequatoria Book Bank Online (ABBOL)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of this ambitious site created and maintained by Centre Aequatoria, an Africanist research center situated around the Congolese city of Mbandaka, is to "develop an electronic library from which africanist students and scholars in sub-Saharan Africa can retrieve scientific publications free of charge." The means to this goal Web-wise is the Aequatoria Archives Research Project, which plans to make available "extensively annotated editions as well as systematic interpretive analyses of documents from the archives of the Centre Aequatoria -- in particular those documents that are relevant to the historiographic study of linguistics and ethnology in colonial times." Along these lines, the Centre has posted in its edition and analysis section two texts concerning early African testimonies about the arrivals of the first whites in the Belgian Congo -- one of these is in French only -- the other, "We and the Whites," is offered in both English and French. A collection of African colonial school books is posted, and the site offers scholarship based on this collection, namely two essays: "Ideology in the Schoolbooks of the Belgian Congo" and "Race and Racism in Schoolbooks of the Belgian Congo." The archives also feature catalog descriptions of twelve collections of documents at the Centre (all currently in French only). E-text versions of the Heart of Darkness and Letters from the Cape by Lady Duff Gordon are also posted in the Book Bank. Finally, a detailed, chronological author and subject index of the journal Annales Aequatoria is made available as well as the table of contents to the journal's most recent issue. It should be pointed out that we found the site difficult to navigate and, as it stands, more promise than product (especially if one doesn't read fluent French). However, what is offered here, both in content and concept, gives a tantalizing sense of the role the Web might play in the reversal of the relationship between European historians, anthropologists, and local African "subjects."

474

Bank cooperation and banking policy in a monetary union: A political-economy perspective on EMU  

Microsoft Academic Search

Why do large European banks lobby for monetary union? We show in a game-theoretic model that montary union can trigger a change in the structure of the market for international banking transactions with asymmetric effects on profits: large banks are induced to cooperate internationally and gain from European Monetary Union (EMU), while small banks are likely to lose. Monetary union

Hans Peter Grüner; Carsten Hefeker

1996-01-01

475

The financial condition of U.S. banks: how different are community banks?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the condition of the banking industry in the United States, with an emphasis on community banks. In spite of the recent recession, the condition of the banking industry is substantially better than during the recession of 1990-91. There has been an increase in problem loans at both large and small banks during recent quarters, and nonperforming loans

R. Alton Gilbert; Gregory E. Sierra

2003-01-01

476

Research Article Banking on the past: seed banks as a reservoir for rare  

E-print Network

-term vegetation surveys, we compared the community structure of seed banks to that of aboveground vegetation communities. The proportional abun- dances of both rare and native species were greater in seed bank samples in the current seed bank to an earlier aboveground community suggests that seed banks exhibit storage effects

Collinge, Sharon K.

477

E-Banking Diffusion in the Jordanian Banking Services Sector: An Empirical Analysis of Key Factors  

E-print Network

E-Banking Diffusion in the Jordanian Banking Services Sector: An Empirical Analysis of Key Factors, availability of online revenues, competition intensity or pressure, and regulatory support environment) while e-banking usage on banks' performance in terms of sales-services-marketing, internal operations and coordination

478

Sustainable Development and Transnational Communication: Assessing the International Influence on Subnational Policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sustainable development needs to be tackled at different levels of governance. An important role is put aside for subnational entities (such as provinces, states or regions), because of their often large implementation responsibilities. Sustainable development is to a large extent decided in multilateral organizations, such as the UN, the OECD or the EU. Yet unlike nation-states, subnational governments are not

Sander Happaerts; Karoline Van Den Brande

2011-01-01

479

Bank Trends: Analysis of Emerging Risks in Banking  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation has released Bank Trends No.98-01 -- No. 98-03 analyzing the time series behavior of personal bankruptcy at the federal and state level, and the influence of legal factors on personal bankruptcy filings.

1998-01-01

480

UConn Behavioral Gene Bank The UConn Behavioral Gene Bank  

E-print Network

, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, and addiction. Many mental illnesses run in families to establish a Gene Bank to support research to find causes of illnesses or behavioral disorders. Participation illness? Mental illnesses include disorders such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, anxiety

Oliver, Douglas L.

481

Stanford Community Leave Bank Program Guidelines  

E-print Network

Stanford Community Leave Bank Program Guidelines h t t p : / / u h r . s t a n f o r d . e d u A Community Leave Bank Program Guidelines ­ July 1, 2012 Page 2 h t t p : / / u h r . s t a n f o r d . e d u their unused balance to a central leave bank fund. This central leave bank fund will be made available

Straight, Aaron

482

Pricing models and customer behaviour in banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research analyzes the relevance of pricing models to the behaviour of banking service customers, in particular, how bank pricing models influence the acquisition and retention of retail customers.The survey is based on a dataset of 90,000 bank current account holders at an Italian commercial bank and analyzes their behaviour during the years 2007-2008.The impact of pricing is studied with

Elisa Bocchialini; Federica Ielasi; Monica Rossolini

2011-01-01

483

An analysis of the bank holding company  

E-print Network

who desire loans not to exceed ten per cent of the bank's capital and surplus account. If the bank could increase the size of its capital and surplus account it could effectively increase the demand for its output by increasing to number nf... individuals desiring and capable of acquiring its output. By expanding into the group type structure the bank is enhancing the attractiveness of its public stock issue thereby increasing the demand for its capital. The bank could then increase its loan...

Facka, David William

2012-06-07

484

Bank Capital Regulation (BCR) Model Hyejin CHO1  

E-print Network

Bank Capital Regulation (BCR) Model Hyejin CHO1 Paris1 university aRoom 103, Maison des Sciences is to induce the bank capital management solution for banks and regulation bodies on commercial bank. The goal of the paper is intended to mitigate the risk of banking area and also provide the right incentive for banks

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

485

Understanding the effects of the merger boom on community banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The merger boom in the U.S. banking industry has caused the number of banking organizations in the nation to fall by nearly a third since 1990. Most of this contraction has involved small community banks. ; A common perception is that most of these small banks are being absorbed by large banks. The disappearance of small banks is raising concerns

Julapa Jagtiani

2008-01-01

486

LINKAGE BETWEEN ONLINE BANKING SERVICE QUALITY AND CUSTOMERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Banks have expanded the scope of competition to an e-environment with online banking. The commercial banks in India are introducing online banking to their customers in order to retain their customers from the competition given by foreign banks. Even though, these are so many empirical studies related online banking service quality and customers satisfaction. Hence, the present study has an

S. BASKAR; M. RAMESH

2010-01-01

487

The international environmental specimen banks-let's get visible.  

PubMed

Environmental specimen banks (ESBs) are facilities that archive samples from the environment for future research and monitoring purposes. In addition, the long-term preservation of representative specimens is an important complement to environmental research and monitoring. Today, environmental specimen banking is experiencing a renaissance due to an increase in regulatory interest in ESB biota standards and trend data. The International Environmental Specimen Bank Group (IESB) promotes the worldwide development of techniques and strategies of environmental specimen banking and the international cooperation and collaboration among national ESBs. In order to provide a current and comprehensive overview on international environmental specimen banking activities, a questionnaire was sent to the national ESBs and asked for detailed information on the respective ESBs. The results show the rich diversity of national sampling programs, including more detailed information on archived samples, sampling strategies, and studies that have already been performed in the respective countries. All ESBs completing the survey expressed a strong interest in cooperating with other ESBs on a collaborative project. The collected information of national ESBs is intended to be made publicly available. PMID:24390116

Küster, Anette; Becker, Paul R; Kucklick, John R; Pugh, Rebecca S; Koschorreck, Jan

2015-02-01

488

CarbBank: A structural and bibliographic data base  

SciTech Connect

An IBM PC-compatible computerized database (CCSD, Complex Carbohydrate Structure Database) and database management system (CarbBank) for complex carbohydrates were created to provide a structure and citation information system to meet the needs of persons interested in carbohydrate science. The CarbBank staff will enter new structures into the database and correct present entries, under the guidance of approximately forty CarbBank curators. The CCSD has approximately 1400 records and is being verified by the curators at the present time, May 1989. We plan to have the database commercially available in September 1989, and we foresee a database containing about 10,000 records within three years. The CCSD exists as a flat file database. We propose to change a relational database format over the next two years to accommodate the large number of entries expected, to facilitate database maintenance, and to support a functional integration of data types, such as three-dimensional information, not presently included in the CCSD. We propose to develop CarbBank for other computer platforms and to enhance the features available in CarbBank.

Albersheim, P.

1989-05-01

489

40 CFR 97.155 - Banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Environment 22 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Banking. 97.155 Section 97.155 Protection of Environment...PROGRAMS CAIR NOX Allowance Tracking System § 97.155 Banking. (a) CAIR NOX allowances may be banked for...

2012-07-01

490

Banks and Politics in America from  

E-print Network

Banks and Politics in America from the Revolution to the Civil War Bray Hammond This is a book about politics and banks and history. Yet politicians who read it will see that the author of banking in the formation of American society. Hammond, who was assistant secretary of the Board

Landweber, Laura

491

40 CFR 97.55 - Banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Environment 21 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Banking. 97.55 Section 97.55 Protection of Environment...TRADING PROGRAMS NOX Allowance Tracking System § 97.55 Banking. NOX allowances may be banked for future use or...

2011-07-01

492

40 CFR 60.4155 - Banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Banking. 60.4155 Section 60.4155 Protection of Environment...Generating Units Hg Allowance Tracking System § 60.4155 Banking. (a) Hg allowances may be banked for future use...

2010-07-01

493

40 CFR 96.155 - Banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Environment 22 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Banking. 96.155 Section 96.155 Protection of Environment...IMPLEMENTATION PLANS CAIR NOX Allowance Tracking System § 96.155 Banking. (a) CAIR NOX allowances may be banked for...

2012-07-01

494

40 CFR 97.155 - Banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Banking. 97.155 Section 97.155 Protection of Environment...PROGRAMS CAIR NOX Allowance Tracking System § 97.155 Banking. (a) CAIR NOX allowances may be banked for...

2010-07-01

495

40 CFR 96.255 - Banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Banking. 96.255 Section 96.255 Protection of Environment...IMPLEMENTATION PLANS CAIR SO2 Allowance Tracking System § 96.255 Banking. (a) CAIR SO2 allowances may be banked for...

2010-07-01

496

40 CFR 97.255 - Banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Banking. 97.255 Section 97.255 Protection of Environment...PROGRAMS CAIR SO2 Allowance Tracking System § 97.255 Banking. (a) CAIR SO2 allowances may be banked for...

2010-07-01

497

40 CFR 96.155 - Banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Banking. 96.155 Section 96.155 Protection of Environment...IMPLEMENTATION PLANS CAIR NOX Allowance Tracking System § 96.155 Banking. (a) CAIR NOX allowances may be banked for...

2010-07-01

498

40 CFR 97.426 - Banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Environment 22 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Banking. 97.426 Section 97.426 Protection of Environment...TRADING PROGRAMS TR NOX Annual Trading Program § 97.426 Banking. (a) A TR NOX Annual allowance may be banked...

2012-07-01

499

40 CFR 97.155 - Banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Environment 22 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Banking. 97.155 Section 97.155 Protection of Environment...PROGRAMS CAIR NOX Allowance Tracking System § 97.155 Banking. (a) CAIR NOX allowances may be banked for...

2013-07-01

500

40 CFR 97.426 - Banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Environment 22 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Banking. 97.426 Section 97.426 Protection of Environment...TRADING PROGRAMS TR NOX Annual Trading Program § 97.426 Banking. (a) A TR NOX Annual allowance may be banked...

2013-07-01