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1

The Role of the Narrator in Narrative Inquiry in Education: Construction and Co-Construction in Two Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores narratives as an effective means of capturing multiple identities of research participants in complex social environments in education research. In doing so, it explores the role of the narrator in two case studies in two modes of narrative inquiry. Both studies present narratives of young people, focusing on multiple…

Bignold, Wendy; Su, Feng

2013-01-01

2

A case study in interactive narrative design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes lessons learned about the design of a form for interactive narrative. The lessons are based on an initial prototype and have ramifications for both a next-step implementation and for broader understanding of the form. Key lessons pertain to pacing, narrative structure, giving feedback through the interface, and contexts for use.

Carol Strohecker

1997-01-01

3

On Limiting the Narrative Paradigm: Three Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tests Walter R. Fisher's claim that all forms of discourse can be viewed as types of narrative by applying the narrative paradigm to three works that cannot traditionally be considered stories. Finds that the narrative approach is of little use when applied to discourse that does not tell a story. (SR)

Rowland, Robert C.

1989-01-01

4

Narrative Exposure Therapy in Children: a Case Study 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article a form of psychotherapy for trauma- tised children and adolescents (KIDNET) is described. This approach is based on Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET), a short-term treatment method for traumatised adults. The description of KIDNET is illustrated with a detailed report of the successful treatment of a severely traumatised 13-year old refugee child.

Elisabeth Schauer; Frank Neuner; Thomas Elbert; Verena Ertl; Lamaro P. Onyut; Michael Odenwald; Maggie Schauer

2004-01-01

5

Using Narrative Case Studies in an Online World Religions Course to Stimulate Deep Learning about Islam  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this action research was to examine how a narrative case study in an online asynchronous world religions course affected learners' understandings, appreciation, and respect for the beliefs and values of others. The world religions course examined a variety of religions including Islam. Ten participants received information about the…

Elliott, Sherman Lee

2010-01-01

6

Constructing narratives of heroism and villainy: case study of Myriad's BRACAnalysis® compared to Genentech's Herceptin®  

PubMed Central

Background The development of Herceptin® is welcomed as a major advance in breast cancer treatment, while Myriad's development of BRACAnalysis® is a widely used diagnostic. However useful and successful this product is, its presence in the public eye is tainted by predominantly negative press about gene patenting and business practices. Discussion While retrospection invites a sharp contrast between Genentech's triumphal narrative of scientific achievement and Myriad's public image as a controversial monopolist, a comparative history of these companies' products reveals two striking consistencies: patents and public discontent. Despite these similarities, time has reduced the narrative to that of hero versus villain: Genentech is lauded - at least for the final outcome of the Herceptin® story - as a corporate good citizen, Myriad as a ruthless mercenary. Since patents undergird both products yet the narratives are so different, the stories raise the question: why have patents taken the fall as the scapegoat in current biotechnology policy debate? Summary A widely publicized lawsuit and accompanying bad press have cast Myriad as a villain in the evolving narrative of biotechnology. While the lawsuit suggests that this villainy is attributable to Myriad's intellectual property, we suggest through a comparative case study that, at least in the Myriad case, it is not simply about the patents but also other business strategies the company chose to pursue. Patents were a necessary but not sufficient cause of controversy. PMID:23369278

2013-01-01

7

Rethinking "Disadvantage" in Higher Education: A Paradigmatic Case Study Using Narrative Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the use of narrative analysis to provide a methodology for student learning research with a sociocultural orientation. The narrative which is the primary focus of this article is drawn from a study in which a series of individual interviews was conducted with a class of senior engineering students. The interview with a…

Marshall, Delia; Case, Jennifer

2010-01-01

8

Learning from tinnitus patients' narratives—A case study in the psychodynamic approach  

PubMed Central

Tinnitus is assumed to be the perception of sound that results exclusively from activity within the nervous system without any external stimulation. Approximately 1–2% of the population regard their tinnitus as a serious threat towards their quality of life. The way the patients describe their suffering varies, sometimes also depending on the interest and insight of the clinician to whom they turn to for help. The lack of insightful narratives of someone who is severely annoyed by the presence of a constant tinnitus sound may lead to limited and biased models of tinnitus suffering. In the present case study the participating patient, a woman aged 70, shared her experience of being victimized by tinnitus with the clinician/researcher during a number of psychotherapeutic sessions. The psychodynamic, narrative approach, made it possible for the client to articulate the unique and specific meaning that she experienced as being part of her suffering. In her words, tinnitus became a tolerable symptom that she managed to work through within psychotherapeutic alliance. PMID:23272657

Dauman, Nicolas

2012-01-01

9

"Mass Effect 2": A Case Study in the Design of Game Narrative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Digital games have matured substantially as a narrative medium in the last decade. However, there is still much work to be done to more fully understand the poetics of story-based-games. Game narrative remains an important issue with significant cultural, economic and scholarly implications. In this article, we undertake a critical analysis of the…

Bizzocchi, Jim; Tanenbaum, Joshua

2012-01-01

10

Examining Process Constructs of Narrative Career Counselling: An Exploratory Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present article examines how the five process constructs of reflection, connectedness, meaning making, learning and agency are operationalised in a constructivist approach to career counselling, specifically a storytelling approach. This article reports on an exploratory case study of a Black South African female university student. The case

McMahon, Mary; Watson, Mark; Chetty, Candice; Hoelson, Christopher Norman

2012-01-01

11

Case Studies of School Community and Climate: Success Narratives of Schools in Challenging Circumstances  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a Canadian qualitative case study project funded by the Elementary Teachers' Federation of Ontario. The paper describes success stories of students and communities affected by poverty from a diverse sample of eleven elementary schools throughout the province of Ontario. Over the period of one school year (2007-2008) and…

Parker, Darlene Ciuffetelli; Grenville, Heather; Flessa, Joseph

2011-01-01

12

Some life lessons in the work place: personal narrative/case study.  

PubMed

Michael Schwartz, a lawyer deaf since birth, describes his journey as a professional for the last 32 years since his graduation from NYU School of Law in 1981. He offers a case study of his experiences with accommodations on the job as required by federal and state law. The study includes specific examples of what worked and what did not work for a deaf lawyer like him working at his craft. Schwartz wraps up with the lessons he learned over the last three decades as we moved from the model of non-compliance to that of compliance, even beyond compliance, with the mandates of law in the employment context. PMID:24284683

Schwartz, Michael A

2014-01-01

13

McFadden, Wyoming: A case study in narrating our changing energy landscapes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This thesis uses McFadden, Wyoming, and the Rock Creek Valley to discuss Wyoming's changing energy landscapes and argues that a cultural landscape approach to documenting our historic and cultural resources can contribute to properly siting energy developments. Though Wyoming stands to gain from the construction of wind farms, they should be carefully sited in order to balance environmental and cultural resource preservation with energy needs. Wyoming has a long history as an energy hinterland and provides a significant portion of energy to the U.S. However, the nation's demand for energy should not take precedence over preserving the cultural resources and vast open landscapes that represent Wyoming's heritage. A history of the Rock Creek Valley as a home to Native Americans, a transportation corridor, oil field, and wind farm site is presented along with a discussion of energy consumption and Wyoming's role in the energy market. The thesis also considers the importance of education, public discourse, and narrative as tools for planning a sustainable future with regard to energy, the environment, and cultural resources.

Anderson, Carly-Ann Marie

14

Folk narratives, archaeology, and descendant communities: a case study of the Albert J. Phillips Memorial Cemetery (41gv125), Galveston County, Texas  

E-print Network

FOLK NARRATIVES, ARCHAEOLOGY, AND DESCENDANT COMMUNITIES: A CASE STUDY OF THE ALBERT J. PHILLIPS MEMORIAL CEMETERY (41GV125), GALVESTON COUNTY, TEXAS A Thesis by LEAH CARSON POWELL Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A...), Galveston County, Texas A Thesis by LEAH CARSON POWELL Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS Approved as to style and content by: Katherine A. Dettwy (Chair of Committee) v W...

Powell, Leah Carson

2012-06-07

15

Navigating the tension between the master narrative of the academy and the counter-narrative of reform: personal case studies from within an engineering education coalition  

E-print Network

effort by encouraging faculty working in educational change to view their work as scholarship. The findings from this study support faculty engagement in the scholarship of teaching and learning and encourage faculty developers to find ways of supporting...

Merton, Prudence

2006-08-16

16

The Use of Dynamic Assessment to Evaluate Narrative Language Learning in Children with Hearing Loss: Three Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary objectives of this research were to establish whether dynamic assessment could be implemented in children with hearing loss with a range of language abilities and to obtain pilot data to support the use of dynamic assessment for determining narrative language learning difficulties in children with hearing loss. Participants were three…

Asad, Areej Nimer; Hand, Linda; Fairgray, Liz; Purdy, Suzanne Carolyn

2013-01-01

17

On Narrative Method, Biography and Narrative Unities in the Study of Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines a narrative method for the study of teaching which has as its principle feature the reconstruction of classroom meaning in terms of narrative unities in the lives of classroom participants. This purpose is achieved by comparatively outlining similarities and differences with closely associated lines of work. This study of…

Connelly, F. Michael; Clandinin, D. Jean

18

Socio-Cultural Power Dynamics and Coping Functions: A Narrative Case Report of a Female Paralympian  

PubMed Central

Purpose This case study explores the lived experiences of an elite female Paralympic powerlifting athlete. The focus is on restrictions and coping responses employed to manage the daily hassles within the cultural and ethnic requirements for achieving athletic excellence. Methods With an unstructured interview, the narrative was acquired which ranged to a total of 75 minutes (approx) and 20 single spaced pages. The data was analyzed using Foucauldian discourse analysis in conjuncture to feminist poststructuralist theory. Results The results highlight the issues relating to femininity, culture and ethnicity with regard to athletic career. The analysis elicits extracts from the narrative to describe the coping functions reflecting proactive coping, anticipatory coping, and preventative coping. Conclusions The narrative draws attention to the socio-cultural restrictions and coping functions that the athlete adopted to overcome the barriers of femininity, culture, ethnicity requirements and athleticism. PMID:22943000

Roy, Anaurene

2012-01-01

19

Understanding the Dynamics of Peer Mentor Learning: A Narrative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although there is a growing body of research on the effects of peer mentoring in higher education, the individual learning of mentors themselves is largely unexplored. In this narrative inquiry study, peer mentors working with a first-year learning communities program shared and analyzed stories about their experiences. The resulting narrative

Bunting, Bryce; Dye, Brigham; Pinnegar, Stefinee; Robinson, Kristy

2012-01-01

20

The female athlete triad: a case series and narrative overview  

PubMed Central

Objective: To illustrate the varying presentations of the female athlete triad and to inform the practitioner of the potential sequelae of this common condition. Clinical Features: Four patients presented with a variety of signs and symptoms of the female athlete triad including low caloric intake, osteoporosis, amenorrhea and/or endothelial dysfunction. Intervention and Outcome: A conservative treatment approach was utilized in each case including education on the female athlete triad, education on increased caloric intake and a referral to the family physician. Conclusion: Health care practitioners should be aware of the different clinical presentations of the female athlete triad. A narrative review of the literature is provided to educate practitioners on the components of the female athlete triad, proper diagnosis and appropriate management. PMID:24302779

Laframboise, Michelle A.; Borody, Cameron; Stern, Paula

2013-01-01

21

Narrative Exposure Therapy as a treatment for child war survivors with posttraumatic stress disorder: Two case reports and a pilot study in an African refugee settlement  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Little data exists on the effectiveness of psychological interventions for children with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that has resulted from exposure to war or conflict-related violence, especially in non-industrialized countries. We created and evaluated the efficacy of KIDNET, a child-friendly version of Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET), as a short-term treatment for children. METHODS: Six Somali children suffering from PTSD

Lamaro P Onyut; Frank Neuner; Elisabeth Schauer; Verena Ertl; Michael Odenwald; Maggie Schauer; Thomas Elbert

2005-01-01

22

Narrative Inquiry as Travel Study Method: Affordances and Constraints  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article maps how narrative inquiry--the use of story to study human experience--has been employed as both method and form to capture cross-cultural learning associated with Western doctoral students' travel study to eastern destinations. While others were the first to employ this method in the travel study domain, we are the first to…

Craig, Cheryl J.; Zou, Yali; Poimbeauf, Rita

2014-01-01

23

Experiences of abortion: A narrative review of qualitative studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Although abortion or termination of pregnancy (TOP) has become an increasingly normalized component of women's health care over the past forty years, insufficient attention has been paid to women's experiences of surgical or medical methods of TOP. OBJECTIVE: To undertake a narrative review of qualitative studies of women's experiences of TOP and their perspectives on surgical or medical methods.

Mabel LS Lie; Stephen C Robson; Carl R May

2008-01-01

24

Narrative Skills in Children with Selective Mutism: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Selective mutism (SM) is a rare and complex disorder associated with anxiety symptoms and speech-language deficits; however, the nature of these language deficits has not been studied systematically. A novel cross-disciplinary assessment protocol was used to assess anxiety and nonverbal cognitive, receptive language, and expressive narrative

McInnes, Alison; Fung, Daniel; Manassis, Katharina; Fiksenbaum, Lisa; Tannock, Rosemary

2004-01-01

25

Third Grade Written Narratives: A Cross-Linguistic Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined what a third grader might understand about composing a common genre like the narrative, given the degree of variance among approaches and experience. Data were collected from different school sites over a period of several years. These sites shared common geographical areas: three schools were located in the Sonoran desert shared…

Gregory, George Ann

26

The Narrative Turn and the Poetics of Resistance: Towards a New Language for Critical Educational Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues for the adoption of a new language in critical educational studies through the "narrative turn", a turn that politicizes knowledge by drawing attention to questions concerning the meaning, construction and authorship of narratives. In the authors' interpretation going back to the poetics of early narrative forms they…

Peters, Michael A.; Besley, Tina

2012-01-01

27

Narrative skills in children with selective mutism: an exploratory study.  

PubMed

Selective mutism (SM) is a rare and complex disorder associated with anxiety symptoms and speech-language deficits; however, the nature of these language deficits has not been studied systematically. A novel cross-disciplinary assessment protocol was used to assess anxiety and nonverbal cognitive, receptive language, and expressive narrative abilities in 7 children with SM and a comparison group of 7 children with social phobia (SP). The children with SM produced significantly shorter narratives than children with SP, despite showing normal nonverbal cognitive and receptive language abilities. The findings suggest that SM may involve subtle expressive language deficits that may influence academic performance and raise additional questions for further research. The assessment procedure developed for this study may be potentially useful for language clinicians. PMID:15719897

McInnes, Alison; Fung, Daniel; Manassis, Katharina; Fiksenbaum, Lisa; Tannock, Rosemary

2004-11-01

28

Narrative responses as an aid to understanding the presentation of maltreated children who meet criteria for autistic spectrum disorder and reactive attachment disorder: A case series study.  

PubMed

This paper offers research case studies of four severely maltreated children who had received a diagnosis of autistic spectrum disorder. A range of measures were employed to explore the children's psychological and emotional functioning, including Theory of Mind assessment (Sally-Anne Test), attachment measures (Story Stems Assessment Profile and Relationship Problems Questionnaire), along with measures to assess general psychological and emotional well-being. Contrary to the diagnosis, the children did not reveal a theory of mind deficit. However, they did indicate a profile of difficulties in mentalisation on the Story Stems. The findings are discussed in terms of the extent to which mentalisation and theory of mind are influenced by situational factors, especially the anxiety evoked by the Story Stem attachment scenarios. Clinical implications regarding mentalisation as a state vs. trait phenomenon are discussed. PMID:24121230

McCullough, Elaine; Stedmon, Jacqui; Dallos, Rudi

2013-10-11

29

Narrative Counseling for Professional School Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article introduces narrative counseling concepts and techniques for professional school counselors. The authors provide a case study of narrative school counseling with an elementary student struggling with selective mutism. Examples also demonstrate how a narrative approach could be used at elementary, middle, and high school levels within…

Nafziger, Jacinta; DeKruyf, Lorraine

2013-01-01

30

NARRATIVE STUDIES PRESENTATION OF CAPSTONE PROJECTS  

E-print Network

occupation of the country. The film discusses how the fall of Communism in the country changed and affected the revolutionary group the Situationists (SI) and examined a few of their main theories in order to study the SI

Rohs, Remo

31

Azithromycin, cardiovascular risks, QTc interval prolongation, torsade de pointes, and regulatory issues: A narrative review based on the study of case reports  

PubMed Central

Over the past year, three articles have appeared in the New England Journal of Medicine describing conflicting findings about azithromycin and cardiac safety, particular azithromycin-induced QTc interval prolongation and torsade de pointes. The FDA wants healthcare providers to consider azithromycin-induced fatal cardiac arrhythmias for patients already at risk for cardiac death and other potentially arrhythmogenic cardiovascular conditions. In a systematic review of case reports we sought to determine factors that link to azithromycin-induced/associated QTc interval prolongation and torsade de pointes. We found 12 cases: seven female and five male. Of the nine adults with reported azithromycin doses, concurrent QTc interval measurement, and without congenital long QT syndrome, we found no significant relationship between dose and QTc interval duration. Additional risk factors were female sex, older age, heart disease, QTc interval prolonging drugs and metabolic inhibitors, hypokalemia, and bradycardia. All 12 subjects had at least two additional risk factors. Elderly women with heart disease appear to be at particularly risk for drug-related QTc interval prolongation and torsade de pointes. PMID:25165550

Hancox, Jules C.; Hasnain, Mehrul; Crouse, Ericka L. Breden; Baranchuk, Adrian

2013-01-01

32

Nordic Network of Narrative Studies Narrative Ethics, Friday 19 Saturday 20 November 2010  

E-print Network

Lunch Chair: Jeremy Hawthorn 1300 Liesbeth Korthals Altes (University of Groningen): Ethical turns): An ethics of reading sophisticated narratives: Sofi Oksanen's Purge and its subtexts. 1130 Jeremy Hawthorn Hawthorn and Liesbeth Korthals Altes 1500 Karin Kukkonen (Balzan Postdoctoral Research Fellow, St Johns

Fomin, Fedor V.

33

The Impact of Prompted Narrative Writing during Internship on Reflective Practice: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Narrative writing has been used to promote reflection and increased self-awareness among physicians. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of prompted narrative writing on reflection. Thirty-two interns at 9 internal medicine residency programs participated in a year-long qualitative study about personal growth beginning in July of…

Levine, Rachel B.; Kern, David E.; Wright, Scott M.

2008-01-01

34

The Influence of Asynchronous Video Communication on Learner Social Presence: A Narrative Analysis of Four Cases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online courses are increasingly using asynchronous video communication. However, little is known about how asynchronous video communication influences students' communication patterns. This study presents four narratives of students with varying characteristics who engaged in asynchronous video communication. The extrovert valued the efficiency of…

Borup, Jered; West, Richard E.; Graham, Charles R.

2013-01-01

35

Narrative Comprehension and Production in Children with SLI: An Eye Movement Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates narrative comprehension and production in children with specific language impairment (SLI). Twelve children with SLI (mean age 5;8 years) and 12 typically developing children (mean age 5;6 years) participated in an eye-tracking experiment designed to investigate online narrative comprehension and production in Catalan- and…

Andreu, Llorenc; Sanz-Torrent, Monica; Olmos, Joan Guardia; MacWhinney, Brian

2011-01-01

36

A Longitudinal Study of Narrative Development in Children and Adolescents with Down Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined narrative development in children and adolescents with Down syndrome longitudinally. Narratives were collected from 32 children and adolescents with Down syndrome three times over a 1-year period. Both micro- and macrolevel analyses were conducted. Significant growth over the 1-year period was seen in semantic complexity…

Cleave, Patricia; Bird, Elizabeth Kay-Raining; Czutrin, Rachael; Smith, Lindsey

2012-01-01

37

Learning from preventable deaths: exploring case record reviewers' narratives using change analysis  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine if applying change analysis to the narrative reports made by reviewers of hospital deaths increases the utility of this information in the systematic analysis of patient harm. Design Qualitative analysis of causes and contributory factors underlying patient harm in 52 case narratives linked to preventable deaths derived from a retrospective case record review of 1000 deaths in acute National Health Service Trusts in 2009. Participants 52 preventable hospital deaths. Setting England. Main outcome measures The nature of problems in care and contributory factors underlying avoidable deaths in hospital. Results The change analysis approach enabled explicit characterisation of multiple problems in care, both across the admission and also at the boundary between primary and secondary care, and illuminated how these problems accumulate to cause harm. It demonstrated links between problems and underlying contributory factors and highlighted other threats to quality of care such as standards of end of life management. The method was straightforward to apply to multiple records and achieved good inter-rater reliability. Conclusion Analysis of case narratives using change analysis provided a richer picture of healthcare-related harm than the traditional approach, unpacking the nature of the problems, particularly by delineating omissions from acts of commission, thus facilitating more tailored responses to patient harm. PMID:24781159

Healey, Frances; Neale, Graham; Thomson, Richard; Black, Nick; Vincent, Charles

2014-01-01

38

From parallel to intersecting narratives in cases of sexual assault.  

PubMed

Restorative justice alternatives to criminal justice are designed to balance the needs of victims, offenders, families, friends, and the community at large to achieve social justice, repair of victims, and deterrence of crime. In the model we evaluated from RESTORE (Responsibility and Equity for Sexual Transgressions Offering a Restorative Experience), each offender and victim received individual services and met in guided conferencing to mutually determine reparative actions for the offender. At the exit meeting, the offender, as the responsible person, read a written apology to the survivor/victim. In this article, we analyze the expression of empathy in the apology, in which the initial mitigation of responsibility in early documents was replaced by acknowledgment of harm to the survivor/victim and acceptance of responsibility for the assault. Those accused of felony rape and those targeting a visible person in cases of misdemeanor indecent exposure expressed greater regret and remorse than offenders of indecent exposure with an indeterminate victim. PMID:22307958

Bletzer, Keith V; Koss, Mary P

2012-03-01

39

The Expression of Palestinian Identity in Narratives About Personal Experiences: Implications for the Study of Narrative, Identity, and Social Interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this essay, I explore narratives about personal experiences as communicative means that create social reality and community. Carbaugh's (2005) approach to cultural conversations and Koven's (2002) approach to analyzing speaker roles were used to examine narratives told by self-identified Palestinians. Based on interviews and participant observation, the essay shows that these narratives expressed and constituted ways of being, acting,

Saskia Witteborn

2007-01-01

40

Is Pain Suffering? A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the case study of an elderly woman shows how bodily pain and suffering meld in her narrative, not as the subjective and objective sides of the same event, but as distinct experiences in which both constructs emerge separately or come together based on the meaning she imputes to the event. The case study shows the clear…

Black, Helen K.

2007-01-01

41

Black Women in White Institutions: A Study of Ten Narratives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is based on 10 firsthand accounts of black women who graduated from historically white institutions. Four of the narratives came from autobiographies, those of educators Fanny Jackson and Lena Beatrice Morton, social activist Mary Church Terrell, and political activist and author Angela Davis. Three of the other accounts were taken from…

Ihle, Elizabeth L.

42

Narrative methods in quality improvement research  

PubMed Central

?? This paper reviews and critiques the different approaches to the use of narrative in quality improvement research. The defining characteristics of narrative are chronology (unfolding over time); emplotment (the literary juxtaposing of actions and events in an implicitly causal sequence); trouble (that is, harm or the risk of harm); and embeddedness (the personal story nests within a particular social, historical and organisational context). Stories are about purposeful action unfolding in the face of trouble and, as such, have much to offer quality improvement researchers. But the quality improvement report (a story about efforts to implement change), which is common, must be distinguished carefully from narrative based quality improvement research (focused systematic enquiry that uses narrative methods to generate new knowledge), which is currently none. We distinguish four approaches to the use of narrative in quality improvement research—narrative interview; naturalistic story gathering; organisational case study; and collective sense-making—and offer a rationale, describe how data can be collected and analysed, and discuss the strengths and limitations of each using examples from the quality improvement literature. Narrative research raises epistemological questions about the nature of narrative truth (characterised by sense-making and emotional impact rather than scientific objectivity), which has implications for how rigour should be defined (and how it might be achieved) in this type of research. We offer some provisional guidance for distinguishing high quality narrative research in a quality improvement setting from other forms of narrative account such as report, anecdote, and journalism. PMID:16326792

Greenhalgh, T; Russell, J; Swinglehurst, D

2005-01-01

43

Using "Master Narratives" to Teach History: The Case of the Civil Rights Movement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Narratives encompass ways of thinking historically and several skills of the historian, and Tom Holt believes it is imperative that educators teach--and their students learn--how to construct historical narratives. Understanding and constructing history as narratives opens up the historical project for students. Moreover, demonstrating how…

Frost, Jennifer

2012-01-01

44

Supervised learning events in the Foundation Programme: a UK-wide narrative interview study  

PubMed Central

Objectives To explore Foundation trainees’ and trainers’ understandings and experiences of supervised learning events (SLEs), compared with workplace-based assessments (WPBAs), and their suggestions for developing SLEs. Design A narrative interview study based on 55 individual and 19 group interviews. Setting UK-wide study across three sites in England, Scotland and Wales. Participants Using maximum-variation sampling, 70 Foundation trainees and 40 trainers were recruited, shared their understandings and experiences of SLEs/WPBAs and made recommendations for future practice. Methods Data were analysed using thematic and discourse analysis and narrative analysis of one exemplar personal incident narrative. Results While participants volunteered understandings of SLEs as learning and assessment, they typically volunteered understandings of WPBAs as assessment. Trainers seemed more likely to describe SLEs as assessment and a ‘safety net’ to protect patients than trainees. We identified 333 personal incident narratives in our data (221 SLEs; 72 WPBAs). There was perceived variability in the conduct of SLEs/WPBAs in terms of their initiation, tools used, feedback and finalisation. Numerous factors at individual, interpersonal, cultural and technological levels were thought to facilitate/hinder learning. SLE narratives were more likely to be evaluated positively than WPBA narratives overall and by trainees specifically. Participants made sense of their experiences, emotions, identities and relationships through their narratives. They provided numerous suggestions for improving SLEs at individual, interpersonal, cultural and technological levels. Conclusions Our findings provide tentative support for the shift to formative learning with the introduction of SLEs, albeit raising concerns around trainees’ and trainers’ understandings about SLEs. We identify five key educational recommendations from our study. Additional research is now needed to explore further the complexities around SLEs within workplace learning. PMID:25324323

Rees, Charlotte E; Cleland, Jennifer A; Dennis, Ashley; Kelly, Narcie; Mattick, Karen; Monrouxe, Lynn V

2014-01-01

45

Bosnian refugees and the stressors of exile: a narrative study.  

PubMed

The authors used semistructured interviews to examine exile-related stressors affecting a sample of 28 adult Bosnian refugees in Chicago. The interviews covered 3 areas: life in prewar Bosnia, the journey of exile, and, most centrally, life in Chicago. Primary sources of exile-related distress included social isolation and the loss of community, separation from family members, the loss of important life projects, a lack of environmental mastery, poverty and related stressors such as inadequate housing, and the loss of valued social roles. The implications of these findings for mental health interventions with refugees are considered, and the value of narrative methods in research with refugee communities is discussed. PMID:15792046

Miller, Kenneth E; Worthington, Gregory J; Muzurovic, Jasmina; Tipping, Susannah; Goldman, Allison

2002-07-01

46

Geothermal Case Studies  

SciTech Connect

The US Geological Survey (USGS) resource assessment (Williams et al., 2009) outlined a mean 30GWe of undiscovered hydrothermal resource in the western US. One goal of the Geothermal Technologies Office (GTO) is to accelerate the development of this undiscovered resource. The Geothermal Technologies Program (GTP) Blue Ribbon Panel (GTO, 2011) recommended that DOE focus efforts on helping industry identify hidden geothermal resources to increase geothermal capacity in the near term. Increased exploration activity will produce more prospects, more discoveries, and more readily developable resources. Detailed exploration case studies akin to those found in oil and gas (e.g. Beaumont, et al, 1990) will give operators a single point of information to gather clean, unbiased information on which to build geothermal drilling prospects. To support this effort, the National Renewable Energy laboratory (NREL) has been working with the Department of Energy (DOE) to develop a template for geothermal case studies on the Geothermal Gateway on OpenEI. In fiscal year 2013, the template was developed and tested with two case studies: Raft River Geothermal Area (http://en.openei.org/wiki/Raft_River_Geothermal_Area) and Coso Geothermal Area (http://en.openei.org/wiki/Coso_Geothermal_Area). In fiscal year 2014, ten additional case studies were completed, and additional features were added to the template to allow for more data and the direct citations of data. The template allows for: Data - a variety of data can be collected for each area, including power production information, well field information, geologic information, reservoir information, and geochemistry information. Narratives ? general (e.g. area overview, history and infrastructure), technical (e.g. exploration history, well field description, R&D activities) and geologic narratives (e.g. area geology, hydrothermal system, heat source, geochemistry.) Exploration Activity Catalog - catalog of exploration activities conducted in the area (with dates and references.) NEPA Analysis ? a query of NEPA analyses conducted in the area (that have been catalogued in the OpenEI NEPA database.) In fiscal year 2015, NREL is working with universities to populate additional case studies on OpenEI. The goal is to provide a large enough dataset to start conducting analyses of exploration programs to identify correlations between successful exploration plans for areas with similar geologic occurrence models.

Young, Katherine

2014-09-30

47

Characterizing lifespan development of three aspects of coherence in life narratives: A cohort-sequential study.  

PubMed

The ability to narrate stories and a synchronic self-concept develop in the pre- and primary school years. Life story theory proposes that both developments extend to an even later developmental stage, that is, to adolescents' acquisition of a coherent life story. Cross-sectional evidence supports the emergence of a life story in adolescence, but is mixed in terms of later life span development. The present study examines longitudinally the development of global coherence in life narratives across almost the entire life span. Starting in 2003, a total of 172 participants narrated their lives over the course of 8 years (aged 16, 20, 24, 28, 44, and 69 when last tested) resulting in up to 4 life narratives per person. Three aspects of global life narrative coherence-temporal, causal-motivational, and thematic coherence-were measured with global ratings and predicted by their respective textual indicators. Children lacked most aspects of global coherence. Almost all indicators of temporal and causal-motivational coherence increased substantially across adolescence up to early adulthood, as did thematic coherence, which continued to develop throughout middle adulthood. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25621758

Köber, Christin; Schmiedek, Florian; Habermas, Tilmann

2015-02-01

48

Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents two case studies using online surveys for evaluation. The authors begin with an example of a needs assessment survey designed to measure the amount of help new students at a university require in their first year. They then discuss the follow-up survey conducted by the same university to measure the effectiveness of the…

Ritter, Lois A., Ed.; Sue, Valerie M., Ed.

2007-01-01

49

Mission Drift in Qualitative Research, or Moving Toward a Systematic Review of Qualitative Studies, Moving Back to a More Systematic Narrative Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper argues that the systematic review of qualitative research is best served by reliance upon qualitative methods themselves. A case is made for strengthening the narrative literature review and using narrative itself as a method of review. A technique is proposed that builds upon recent developments in qualitative systematic review by the use of a narrative inductive method of

Kip Jones

2004-01-01

50

A Narrative Study of Women Leading within the Council for Christian Colleges & Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is based on a 3-year narrative study that tells the stories of five women leading within the Council for Christian Colleges & Universities (CCCU). Women leaders are under-represented within this sector of higher education compared to other religious and/or private higher education institutions even though women comprise approximately…

Dahlvig, Jolyn E.

2013-01-01

51

African American Women in Higher Education Attainment: A Qualitative Narrative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative narrative study was to look at how African American women who are learners or who have been learners in higher education settings have internalized and interpreted the issues that have occurred in their teaching-learning environments and what coping mechanisms they have used to resolve or deflect negative…

Maples, Inga D.

2013-01-01

52

Empowering Interviews: Narrative Interviews in the Study of Information Literacy in Everyday Life Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: This paper presents a way to design and conduct interviews, within a sociocultural perspective, for studying information literacy practices in everyday life. Methods: A framework was developed combining a socio-cultural perspective with a narrative interview was developed. Interviewees were invited to participate by talking and using…

Eckerdal, Johanna Rivano

2013-01-01

53

Residents Learning from a Narrative Experience with Dying Patients: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For patients at the end of life, it is crucial to address the psychological, existential, and spiritual distress of patients. Medical education research suggests trainees feel unprepared to provide the whole person, humanistic care held as the ideal. This study used an empirically based narrative intervention, the dignity interview, as an…

Tait, Glendon R.; Hodges, Brian D.

2013-01-01

54

The Effects of Literate Narrative Intervention on Children with Neurologically Based Language Impairments: An Early Stage Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study investigated the effect of a literate narrative intervention on the macrostructural and microstructural language features of the oral narratives of 3 children with neuromuscular impairment and co-morbid receptive and expressive language impairment. Method: Three children, ages 6-8 years, participated in a multiple baseline…

Petersen, Douglas B.; Gillam, Sandra Laing; Spencer, Trina; Gillam, Ronald B.

2010-01-01

55

Treatment of Locally Advanced Prostate Cancer: A Case Report and Narrative Review  

PubMed Central

Introduction. Treatment of locally advanced prostate cancer is under discussion. Differences between clinical and pathological staging and risk factors such as positive surgical margins and seminal vesicle involvement challenge the individual treatment decisions. Case Presentation. Clinical tumor stage before treatment was assessed to be T2. After radical prostatectomy, pathological examination revealed the stage pT3b N0 M0 including positive surgical margin and seminal vesicle involvement. Early adjuvant androgen deprivation therapy and late adjuvant radiation therapy were added in response to the pathological risk factors. No evidence of disease was observed for 15 years after the treatment. The unexpected pathological findings were not explained by the physicians in charge. Discussion. A narrative review of the recent literature showed that multiple treatment modalities including adjuvant radiotherapy following radical prostatectomy are consistent with current recommendations. The multimodal approach has possibly cured a high-risk patient and may also work successfully in other patients. An alternative treatment option with better preservation of health-related quality of life might have also achieved a similar good overall survival. PMID:23346453

Peinemann, Frank; Pinkawa, Michael

2012-01-01

56

Structured narrative retell instruction for young children from low socioeconomic backgrounds: a preliminary study of feasibility.  

PubMed

Successful acquisition of literacy depends on adequate development of decoding skills as well as broader, meaning-related knowledge and skills for text comprehension. Children from low socioeconomic status (SES) backgrounds are often challenged in both domains, relative to peers who are not economically disadvantaged. The efficacy of code-focused instructional programs for at-risk preliterate children is well supported, but less evidence is available regarding interventions to improve broader language and comprehension skills. This preliminary study tested the feasibility of a new intervention, "structured narrative retell instruction" (SNRI), and explored its potential to enhance meaning-related knowledge and skills, including vocabulary, listening comprehension, and narrative skills, in pre-literate, low SES children. SNRI used authentic children's books to model comprehension processes, explicitly teach story grammar, and implicitly target microstructural aspects of narratives. Participants included 9 children with a mean age of 60 months, who were randomly assigned to SNRI or to code-focused literacy instruction (CFLI). Each group received 12, 40-min instructional sessions over 6 weeks. Pre- and post-tests were administered to assess vocabulary, listening comprehension, narrative macrostructure and narrative microstructure, as well as alphabet knowledge, phonological awareness, and concepts of print. The feasibility of SNRI was demonstrated by completion of the designed study, moderately high treatment fidelity, and qualitative feedback from interventionists. The SNRI group also made significant gains on 4 of the 7 meaning-related measures (p < 0.10). In comparison, the CFLI group made significant gains on 2 of 7 meaning-related measures. We conclude that SNRI is feasible and shows potential for improving language skills related to comprehension and that further research investigating its efficacy is warranted. PMID:24847295

Adlof, Suzanne M; McLeod, Angela N; Leftwich, Brianne

2014-01-01

57

Elk Habitat: A Case Study of Scientific Inquiry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case study is an excellent way to help students think like scientists as they work to solve a dilemma. This article describes a case study of elk in Yellowstone National Park. Students read short narratives, based on scientific research data, about the puzzling question of why some elk live substantially longer than others in certain areas of…

Graves, C. John

2009-01-01

58

Narration as a human communication paradigm: The case of public moral argument  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay proposes a theory of human communication based on a conception of persons as homo narrans. It compares and contrasts this view with the traditional rational perspective on symbolic interaction. The viability of the narrative paradigm and its attendant notions of reason and rationality are demonstrated through an extended analysis of key aspects of the current nuclear war controversy

Walter R. Fisher

1984-01-01

59

Acculturation Attitudes and Perceptions of Collective Narratives: The Case of Israeli Arab Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between acculturation attitudes and attitudes toward collective narratives is explored in the context of Palestinian adolescents, citizens of the State of Israel. Employing Berry's acculturation framework, we expected that approaching the hegemonic Israeli Jewish culture would be related to higher acceptance of its collective…

Ayalon, Ariel; Sagy, Shifra

2011-01-01

60

Constructing fictional stories: a study of story narratives by children with autistic spectrum disorder.  

PubMed

Children with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) are reported to have difficulties with narrative language but little is known about how this affects their production of fictional stories. In this study, we aimed to establish whether fictional narratives of children with ASD differed from those of typically developing children and if performance was commensurate with levels of oral language. Fictional stories produced by 27 high functioning children with ASD, aged 11-14 yrs, were compared with those of language and age matched groups of typically developing children. Differences were found between the children with ASD and comparison groups in structural, evaluative and global features of their stories indicating specific difficulties with this form of narrative. Stories of the ASD group were shorter and contained fewer causal statements than those of both comparison groups and sentences were less grammatically complex than those of the age match but not the language match group. In global measures, the stories of the ASD group were impoverished relative to both comparison groups. The results are discussed in relation to cognitive theories of autism and language development. PMID:24981193

King, Diane; Dockrell, Julie; Stuart, Morag

2014-10-01

61

Extension Specialist Case Studies Case Study 1  

E-print Network

Extension Specialist Case Studies Case Study 1: A horticulture extension specialist is located. Case Study 2: A small grains extension specialist is located on campus at OSU. He is housed which way to vote on this case? file: P&T case studies.doc #12;

Tullos, Desiree

62

Narrativity and enaction: the social nature of literary narrative understanding  

PubMed Central

This paper proposes an understanding of literary narrative as a form of social cognition and situates the study of such narratives in relation to the new comprehensive approach to human cognition, enaction. The particular form of enactive cognition that narrative understanding is proposed to depend on is that of participatory sense-making, as developed in the work of Di Paolo and De Jaegher. Currently there is no consensus as to what makes a good literary narrative, how it is understood, and why it plays such an irreplaceable role in human experience. The proposal thus identifies a gap in the existing research on narrative by describing narrative as a form of intersubjective process of sense-making between two agents, a teller and a reader. It argues that making sense of narrative literature is an interactional process of co-constructing a story-world with a narrator. Such an understanding of narrative makes a decisive break with both text-centered approaches that have dominated both structuralist and early cognitivist study of narrative, as well as pragmatic communicative ones that view narrative as a form of linguistic implicature. The interactive experience that narrative affords and necessitates at the same time, I argue, serves to highlight the active yet cooperative and communal nature of human sociality, expressed in the many forms than human beings interact in, including literary ones. PMID:25202286

Popova, Yanna B.

2014-01-01

63

Discourse Markers in Chinese Conversational Narrative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the indexicality of discourse markers (DMs) in Chinese conversational narrative. Drawing upon theoretical and methodological principles related to narrative dimensions (Ochs & Capps, 2001), narrative desires (Ochs, 1997, 2004), and narrative positioning (Bamberg, 1997), this work proposes an integrated analytical framework for…

Xiao, Yang

2010-01-01

64

The use of laser therapy for dental implant surface decontamination: a narrative review of in vitro studies.  

PubMed

The aim of this narrative review was to critically evaluate in vitro studies assessing the efficacy of lasers in the bacterial decontamination of titanium implant surfaces. The MEDLINE, Web of Knowledge and Embase electronic databases were used to search for articles relating to the use of lasers in the bacterial decontamination of titanium specimen surfaces using predetermined search statements. Clinical studies, case reports, case series, review articles and animal models were excluded. Study selection was carried out independently and then cross-checked by two authors through abstract viewing. Eighteen articles were selected for full-text analysis. Erbium-doped yttrium-aluminium-garnet lasers had a wide range of powers capable of inducing bacterial decontamination. While carbon dioxide and gallium-aluminium-arsenide diode lasers demonstrated the ability to produce bacterial decontamination, the bacterial sensitivity to each varied depending on the species involved. There is no concensus on the laser type or settings that are optimal for bacterial decontamination of titanium implant surfaces as studies employ various test specimens, contamination methodologies, irradiation settings and protocols, and outcome measures resulting in limited study comparability. More investigations are required to provide guidelines for the use of laser therapy in the decontamination of implant surfaces. PMID:23907604

Kamel, Marina Salah; Khosa, Amardeep; Tawse-Smith, Andrew; Leichter, Jonathan

2014-11-01

65

Manufacturing in China: a UK firm case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case study narrates the experience of a medium-sized UK manufacturing company in setting up and running a manufacturing plant in Shanghai, People’s Republic of China. It details how features of the social organisation of production, the human resource policies and the management practices of the UK parent company were successfully transferred and adapted to the unique labour market and

Ian Winfield

1999-01-01

66

Extracting a Narrative's Causal Gist: A Modeling Study Based on Fuzzy Trace Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that the ability to process narrative information is fundamental to understanding human psychological development. Notes that a culture's system of understanding and interpreting the world is carried mostly by stories and texts. Explores how narrative understanding can be modeled in Fuzzy Trace Theory by using the principles of this…

Kreindler, David M.; Lumsden, Charles J.

1994-01-01

67

The Role of Narrative in the Design of an Educational Game  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored how designers "perceived" and "used" narrative during the creation of an educational video game. A qualitative, ethnographic, single case study approach was used to collect and analyze data pertaining to the narrative design trajectory of the game design team as well as Citizen Science, the game artifact…

Blakesley, Christopher C.

2012-01-01

68

Methodological Pluralism and Narrative Inquiry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers how the integral theory model of Nancy Davis and Laurie Callihan might be enacted using a different qualitative methodology, in this case the narrative methodology. The focus of narrative research is shown to be on "what meaning is being made" rather than "what is happening here" (quadrant 2 rather than…

Michie, Michael

2013-01-01

69

Aestheticism and Spiritualism: A Narrative Study of the Exploration of Self through the Practice of Chinese Calligraphy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The heritage of calligraphy reflects the culture and history of a race and a nation. It hence has very great educational value. This study aims to examine the cultural meaning of Chinese calligraphy in general and specifically the connection of its aesthetic to spirituality. The methodologies of narrative approach and textual analysis were…

Hue, Ming-Tak

2010-01-01

70

A Narrative Study of How an Online Practitioner Used a Personal Action Research Journal as a Form of Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This narrative study will allow my reader a glimpse into real situations I have faced as an asynchronous online instructor in hopes to help me and my audience better understand how I, as a self-directed online practitioner, utilized action research recorded in a journal as a method to build capacity for continuous professional development to…

Walker-Floyd, La-Kicia K.

2011-01-01

71

Case Study Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter describes the history of case study teaching, types of cases, and experimental data supporting their effectiveness. It also describes a model for comparing the efficacy of the various case study methods. (Contains 1 figure.)

Herreid, Clyde Freeman

2011-01-01

72

Sounding Narrative Medicine: Studying Students’ Professional Identity Development at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons  

PubMed Central

Purpose To learn what medical students derive from training in humanities, social sciences, and the arts in a narrative medicine curriculum and to explore narrative medicine’s framework as it relates to students’ professional development. Method On completion of required intensive, half-semester narrative medicine seminars in 2010, 130 second-year medical students at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons participated in focus group discussions of their experiences. Focus group transcriptions were submitted to close iterative reading by a team who performed a grounded-theory-guided content analysis, generating a list of codes into which statements were sorted to develop overarching themes. Provisional interpretations emerged from the close and repeated readings, suggesting a fresh conceptual understanding of how and through what avenues such education achieves its goals in clinical training. Results Students’ comments articulated the known features of narrative medicine—attention, representation, and affiliation—and endorsed all three as being valuable to professional identity development. They spoke of the salience of their work in narrative medicine to medicine and medical education and its dividends of critical thinking, reflection, and pleasure. Critiques constituted a small percentage of the statements in each category. Conclusions Students report that narrative medicine seminars support complex interior, interpersonal, perceptual, and expressive capacities. Students’ lived experiences confirm some expectations of narrative medicine curricular planners while exposing fresh effects of such work to view. PMID:24362390

Miller, Eliza; Balmer, Dorene; Hermann, Nellie; Graham, Gillian; Charon, Rita

2014-01-01

73

Generalizing from Case studies: A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most empirical evaluations of machine learningalgorithms are case studies -- evaluationsof multiple algorithms on multiple databases.Authors of case studies implicitly or explicitlyhypothesize that the pattern of theirresults, which often suggests that one algorithmperforms significantly better thanothers, is not limited to the small numberof databases investigated, but instead holdsfor some general class of learning problems.However, these hypotheses are rarely supportedwith...

David W. Aha

1992-01-01

74

The recent history of the clinical case report: a narrative review  

PubMed Central

Clinical case reporting in the form of case reports and case series reports has always been an integral part of medical literature. From the late 1970s the genre appeared to fall from grace and was marginalized in many medical journals. There was controversy as to its value as a research method. From the late 1990s and onwards, there has been an increased demand for and publication of case reports and case series. The various causes for its decline and subsequent return are discussed with an emphasis on the recent historical context. PMID:23476729

Nissen, Trygve; Wynn, Rolf

2012-01-01

75

Case Study: Missing Link  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for high school and/or undergraduate students in physical anthropology. In particular this case study explores skull anatomy. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Elizabeth Strasser (Sacramento State Anthropology)

2000-09-02

76

Case Study: Uretero What?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for high school, undergraduate and/or professional students in physiology and anatomy. In particular this case study explores reproductive biology. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Laura Lorentzen (Kean University Science and Technology Education)

2008-04-08

77

Case Study: Ellen's Choice  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores spinal anatomy, aging of bone, and explores the basic physiology of inflammation. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Elizabeth Harper (New York University Steinhardt School of Education Department of Health Studies)

2001-04-03

78

Slave Narratives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With a powerful narration by Dr. Maya Angelou, the opening frames of the Slave Narratives website pique even the most casual visitorsâ interest immediately. Created by the Museum of the African Diaspora (based in San Francisco), the site features an innovative interface that allows users to roll over a series of multicolored dots to learn about the first-hand perspectives of slaves such as Francis Bok, Mary Prince, Fountain Hughes, Harriet Jacobs, and Juan Francisco Manzano. As Dr. AngelouâÂÂs voice intones an introduction to each individualâÂÂs narrative, visitors can read a transcript of their story, or just listen along. Visitors who wish to learn more will want to consult the âÂÂResourcesâ area which includes bibliographic information for related works that tell of such experiences.

79

Native American Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Native American Case Studies collection includes more than 80 original, research-based teaching cases focusing on contemporary issues in Indian Country. Teaching notes accompany each case. These can be downloaded and used at no cost. Additional website resources include information on teaching with cases and assessment. Guidelines for submitting cases are also available.

The Evergreen State College

80

Artfulness in Young Children's Spoken Narratives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: Artfulness is rarely considered as an indicator of quality in young children's spoken narratives. Although some studies have examined artfulness in the narratives of children 5 and older, no studies to date have focused on the artfulness of preschoolers' oral narratives. This study examined the artfulness of fictional spoken…

Glenn-Applegate, Katherine; Breit-Smith, Allison; Justice, Laura M.; Piasta, Shayne B.

2010-01-01

81

Queer blindfolding: a case study on difference "blindness" toward persons who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender.  

PubMed

The purpose of this article is to introduce and explore the narrative strategy of queer blindfolding. Utilizing psycho-discursive qualitative methodology, the authors will draw from a case study to demonstrate how some beneficent, well-intended persons who identify as heterosexual adopt the narrative strategy of queer blindfolding as they negotiate the discourse of heteronormativity. We will map this narrative strategy, compare and contrast it to racial colorblindness, and unpack the accompanying intra-psychic conflict and defense mechanisms that are utilized by the participant in the case study. We will also demonstrate how this discursive strategy positions participants within systemic heterosexism. PMID:24325178

Smith, Lance C; Shin, Richard Q

2014-01-01

82

A narrative study of novice elementary teachers' perceptions of science instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is hoped that, once implemented, the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) will engage students more deeply in science learning and build science knowledge sequentially beginning in Kindergarten (NRC, 2013). Early instruction is encouraged but must be delivered by qualified elementary teachers who have both the science content knowledge and the necessary instructional skills to teach science effectively to young children (Ejiwale, 2012, Spencer, Vogel, 2009, Walker, 2011). The purpose of this research study is to gain insight into novice elementary teachers' perceptions of science instruction. This research suggests that infusion of constructivist teaching in the elementary classroom is beneficial to the teacher's instruction of science concepts to elementary students. Constructivism is theory that learning is centered on the learner constructing new ideas or concepts built upon their current/past knowledge (Bruner, 1966). Based on this theory, it is recommended that the instructor should try to encourage students to discover principles independently; essentially the instructor presents the problem and lets students go (Good & Brophy, 2004). Discovery learning, hands-on, experimental, collaborative, and project-based learning are all approaches that use constructivist principles. The NGSS are based on constructivist principles. This narrative study provides insight into novice elementary teachers' perceptions of science instruction considered through the lens of Constructivist Theory (Bruner, 1960).

Harrell, Roberta

83

Punnett Square Case Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students will gain experience using Punnett Squares. The case study determines the probability of children having freckles from a freckled father and non-freckled mother. Illustrations guide each step of the case study.

84

Written Narratives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers actively engaged in responding to their students' written narratives should be mindful of the many influences on their students' writing, including the abuses of the language by government bureaucracies and the media. Examples of these abuses are (1) the lack of density and direction or purpose in bureaucratic writing, (2) the disjointed,…

Moss, Peter

85

Personal Narratives and Policy: Never the Twain?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article the extent to which stories and personal narratives can and should be used to inform education policy is examined. A range of studies describable as story or personal narrative is investigated. They include life-studies, life-writing, life history, narrative analysis, and the representation of lives. We use "auto/biography" as a…

Griffiths, Morwenna; Macleod, Gale

2008-01-01

86

Case Study: Football Fanaticism  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate and professional degree students in anatomy, physiology and/or pharmaceutical sciences. In particular this case study explores the anatomy of the central nervous system, major motor and sensory tracts. Integrative physiology courses may use this case to incorporate the immune, nervous and cardiovascular systems. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

PhD Dayton J Ford (St. Louis College of Pharmacy Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences)

2003-07-03

87

Case Studies Volunteering  

E-print Network

Case Studies Volunteering on the national forest estate #12;Contents Foreword 3 Introduction 4 Vol by Minister for Environment, Michael Russell This impressive array of case studies shows the huge amount and their locality so creating stronger and safer communities. These case studies show excellent examples of all

88

Tattoos as Personal Narrative  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores the history of tattoos in the United States along with the role and significance of tattos today. The study's primary research question seeks to discover whether tattoos anchor an individual's personal narrative and help to solidify an individual's sense of self. The study considers both modernist and postmodernist concepts of identity, but ultimately supports a perspective which

Michelle Alcina

2009-01-01

89

A narrative study of refugee women who have experienced violence in the context of war.  

PubMed

Although women are rarely on the frontlines of battle, as in many other realms of contemporary life they bear a disproportionate burden of the consequences of war. Many have experienced torture firsthand or been witnesses to the torture or killing of family, friends, and loved ones. The use of rape and other forms of sexual torture has been well documented. For those who are forced to flee their homes and countries, separation from spouses, children, and other family members is common. Because of the sheer magnitude of global conflict, the number of refugees and displaced persons throughout the world has risen exponentially. It has been estimated that women constitute more than half of the world's refugee population. The purpose of this narrative study was to examine the experiences of refugee women who experienced violence in the context of war. Data analysis revealed 8 themes: lives forever changed, new notions of normality, a pervasive sense of fear, selves obscured, living among and between cultures, a woman's place in Canada, bearing heavy burdens--the centrality of children, and an uncaring system of care. Implications for research and practice, including limitations associated with individualized Western approaches, are discussed. PMID:17290954

Berman, Helene; Girón, Estella Rosa Irías; Marroquín, Antonia Ponce

2006-12-01

90

Gender Differences in Adolescents' Autobiographical Narratives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors examined gender differences in narratives of positive and negative life experiences during middle adolescence, a critical period for the development of identity and a life narrative (Habermas & Bluck, 2000; McAdams, 2001). Examining a wider variety of narrative meaning-making devices than previous research, they found…

Fivush, Robyn; Bohanek, Jennifer G.; Zaman, Widaad; Grapin, Sally

2012-01-01

91

Narrative reviews  

PubMed Central

Although qualitative researches (QR) are invaluable in understanding complex healthcare situations, the quantitative systematic reviews could not treat them. To improve quality of healthcare services, results of QR should be considered in healthcare decision-making processes. Several methods and theories for synthesizing evidences of QR have been developed. In order to activate the narrative reviews and mixed methods reviews in Korean healthcare academies, I arranged the related nomenclatures and suggested some issues to conduct them. PMID:25223334

Bae, Jong-Myon

2014-01-01

92

Sable Queens in Bondage: Reading, Independent Study, and Research on the American Slave Narrative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the scope and historical significance of biographies and autobiographies of ex-slaves. The document focuses primarily on accounts of black women published from 1820-1860, but also discusses several narratives from colonial times. Exploits of famous women slaves including Harriet Tubman and Sojourner Truth are analyzed along…

Denniston, Dorothy L.

93

Narrative and Expository Writing of Adolescents with Language-Learning Disabilities: A Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We evaluated the narrative and expository writing samples of 12 adolescents with language-learning disabilities (LLD) in Grades 6 to 12 for elements of microstructure (e.g., productivity, grammatical complexity) and macrostructure (genre-specific text structure elements) using an experimental measure. Writing samples were elicited with…

Hall-Mills, Shannon; Apel, Kenn

2013-01-01

94

Language Policy and Literacy Practices in the Family: The Case of Ethiopian Parental Narrative Input  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study analyses the Family Language Policy (FLP) in regards language literacy development of children in Ethiopian immigrant families. Bridging the gap between linguistic literacy at home and at school hinders a smooth societal integration and a normative literacy development. This study describes the home literacy patterns shaped by…

Stavans, Anat

2012-01-01

95

YouTube: an opportunity for consumer narrative analysis?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of the paper is to discuss a possible extension of narrative analysis to a new medium of expression of consumer behaviour, specifically YouTube. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Marketing and consumer behaviour studies often apply narrative analysis to understand consumption. The consumer is a source of introspective narratives that are studied by scholars. However, consumption has a narrative nature

Stefano Pace

2008-01-01

96

HURI SURI: Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The HURI SURI project is developing a regional biotechnology workforce pipeline by expanding and supporting biotechnology research experiences for Jamestown Community College (JCC) undergraduates and disseminating these research experiences and materials to area high school teachers and students. This page includes two case studies, "Mosquito and walbachia" and "Heartworm Experimental Design." Students will examine these case studies and then complete the worksheet for the SCA in class case study

97

Materials Failure Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website offers innovative course materials for teaching engineering design and analysis through failure case studies, supporting the integration of research in forensic engineering into undergraduate education. The site includes an introduction to the overall project and a bibliography as well as typical civil engineering and engineering mechanics courses, with over 50 case studies currently listed. This web site is a companion to the book Beyond Failure: Forensic Case Studies for Civil Engineers, Delatte, Norbert J., ASCE Press. The site is a living document that will supplement the book with web links, additional information, and supplemental illustrations. At this time, not all of the cases have been filled in yet.

Delatte, Norbert J., Jr.

2008-12-12

98

PSU Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

How does one teach ethics? It can be a difficult subject and different fields (medicine, law, and so on) all have different ethical considerations and issues. This fine collection of engineering case studies from the Pennsylvania State University College of Engineering brings together resources from a variety of universities that have worked to address this matter. The cases are divided into separate areas that include Developing and Using Case Studies, General Science Cases, and Research Integrity Cases. Visitors shouldn't miss the bulk of the material covered in the General Engineering Cases area, which includes high-quality and contemplative materials on engineering practice ethics from SUNY-Buffalo and the National Science Foundation. The site is rounded out by a number of helpful cases developed in-house by Penn State engineering students.

2013-04-26

99

The Emotional Complexities of Teaching Conflictual Historical Narratives: The Case of Integrated Palestinian-Jewish Schools in Israel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: Emotions often accompany discussions of ethnic matters, yet there have been few sustained investigations in education of how, and with what implications, emotional responses are (de)legitimized in the classroom, especially when conflicting historical narratives are involved. Emotions have remained in the margins of educational…

Bekerman, Zvi; Zembylas, Michalinos

2011-01-01

100

SETDA Case Studies 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The State Educational Technology Directors Association (SETDA) published a series of case studies from 28 states to showcase examples of how ARRA EETT ("American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 Enhancing Education Through Technology") grant funds have impacted teaching and learning. SETDA collected data for the case studies through a variety…

State Educational Technology Directors Association, 2012

2012-01-01

101

The Use of Narratives in Medical Work: A Field Study of Physician-Patient Consultations  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Medical reasoning involves more than just summarizing clinical data and guidelines. Illness trajectories of chronic patients\\u000a are often long, complex and full of uncertain information that requires interpretation. Understanding the complex interrelations\\u000a is an important aspect of medical reasoning that displays narrative rather than scientific characteristics. While the qualities\\u000a of the medical record as a repository of information or as

Troels Mřnsted; Madhu C. Reddy; Jřrgen P. Bansler

102

Barriers and facilitators for integrating digital narratives in secondary school science instruction: A media specialist's action research study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Media specialists are increasingly assuming professional development roles as they collaborate with teachers to design instruction that combines content with technology. I am a media specialist in an independent school, and collaborated with two science teachers over a three-year period to integrate technology with their instruction. This action study explored integration of a digital narrative project in three eighth-grade earth science units and one ninth-grade physics unit with each unit serving as a cycle of research. Students produced short digital documentaries that combined still images with an accompanying narration. Students participating in the project wrote scripts based on selected science topics. The completed scripts served as the basis for the narratives. These projects were compared with a more traditional science writing project. Barriers and facilitators for implementation of this type of media project in a science classroom were identified. Lack of adequate access to computers proved to be a significant mechanical barrier. Acquisition of a laptop cart reduced but did not eliminate the technology access issues. The complexity of the project increased implementation time in comparison with traditional alternatives. Evaluation of the completed media projects presented problems. Scores by outside evaluators reflected evaluator unfamiliarity with assessing multimedia projects rather than student performance. Despite several revisions of the assessment rubric, low inter-rater reliability remained a concern even in the last cycle. This suggests that evaluation of media could present issues for teachers who attempt projects of this kind. A writing frame was developed to facilitate production of scripts. This reduced the time required to produce the scripts, but produced writing that was formulaic in the teacher's estimate. A graphic organizer was adopted in the final cycle to address this concern. New insights emerged as the study progressed through the four cycles of the study. At the conclusion of the study, the two teachers and I had a better understanding of barriers that can prevent smooth integration of a technology-based project.

Midland, Susan

103

Different Ways to Hurt: An Elderly Woman's Narrative of Suffering  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents and interprets the case study of an elderly woman's story of suffering. It results from interviews conducted with African-American and Caucasian men and women, aged 70 and above, concerning their personal definitions, attributions, and theories about suffering. Elders' experiences of suffering were examined under the rubrics of gerontology, narrative, and religious studies. Key themes offered in this

Helen K. Black

2002-01-01

104

Pathology Case Study: Hydrocephalus  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help both students and instructors. In this particular study an otherwise healthy 9 month old infant is presented with hydrocephalus. The case study provides test results and images along with microscopic photos and description. Clicking on the final diagnosis provides a thorough explanation of the diagnosis and treatment.

2007-08-20

105

Narrative Making and Remaking in the Early Years: Prelude to the Personal Narrative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although very young children are unable to formulate a personal narrative of the life course, their everyday lives are steeped in narratives. Drawing on ethnographic studies in diverse sociocultural worlds, we argue that the early years of life form a vital preamble to the personal narrative. In this phase of life, the universal predisposition to…

Miller, Peggy J.; Chen, Eva Chian-Hui; Olivarez, Megan

2014-01-01

106

NCCCP: Comparative Case Studies  

Cancer.gov

For the case studies, RTI will conduct site visits during each of the three years of program implementation to obtain in-depth information about aspects of each program's design, development, and implementation.

107

MULTIPLE CONTAMINANTS CASE STUDIES  

EPA Science Inventory

The presentation provides information taken from the arsenic demonstration program projects that have treatment systems removing multiply contaminants from drinking water. The case studies sited in the presentation consist of projects that have arsenic along with either nitrate, ...

108

HYDROGEOLOGIC CASE STUDIES  

EPA Science Inventory

Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three case studies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...

109

In Patience and Hope: A 20-Year Narrative Study of a Family, School, and Community Partnership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study describes a 20-year journey of educational transformation from 1985 to 2005 in a bellwether, or highly developed, instance of one school, family, and community partnership--the Kileely Community Project--situated in a large social housing project in Limerick City in the Midwestern region of the Republic of Ireland. The study is a…

Higgins, Ann; Deegan, James G.

2009-01-01

110

Sex trade workers' narratives of sexual violence: a field investigation.  

PubMed

A total of 119 sex trade workers were interviewed about sexually violent experiences. Up to three narratives were elicited: a remarkable, positive (control) event (POS), a well-remembered sexual assault (WELL), and a poorly recalled sexual assault (POOR). The results demonstrated that WELL narratives contained more details than POS narratives despite the fact that the respective experiences were older. WELL narratives were also associated with higher intoxication and more rehearsal than POS narratives. POOR narratives were as detailed as POS narratives. WELL narratives were associated with more PTSD symptoms than POOR narratives. No weapon focus effect and no differences in peritraumatic dissociation were observed to explain this difference. This study was the first to demonstrate great within-participants variability of narrative details in accounts of sexual violence. The findings challenge common opinions in the eyewitness literature. Implications for expert testimony and credibility assessment are discussed. PMID:22356561

Griesel, Dorothee; Yuille, John C

2012-01-01

111

Slave Narratives as Polemic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although slave narratives have enjoyed critical attention as literature and autobiography, when presenting them to undergraduates, there is some confusion--usually centering on the dissimilarities between the narratives and traditional autobiography. The narratives are not as linear, not as focused on personal development; the narrators are not as…

Heglar, Charles J.

112

Attachment narratives in refugee children: interrater reliability and qualitative analysis in pilot findings from a two-site study.  

PubMed

Although forced migration research on refugee family functioning clearly points to the potential breakdown of parental availability and responsiveness in the context of cumulative migration stressors, studies exploring attachment security in refugee children are surprisingly lacking so far. The authors report their findings from a 2-site, small-scale administration of an attachment measure, adapted for use with refugee children aged between 4 and 9 years from a reliable and validated doll-play procedure. We evaluated interrater reliability and conducted a qualitative analysis of refugee children's narrative response to identify migration-specific representational markers of attachment quality. The level of agreement among 3 independent coders ranged between .54 to 1.00 for both study samples, providing initial psychometric evidence of the measure's value in assessing child attachment security in this population. The exploratory analysis of migration-related narrative markers pointed to specific parameters to be used in parent-child observational assessments in future validation of the attachment measure, such as parental withdrawal or trauma-communication within the parent-child dyad. PMID:23737300

De Haene, Lucia; Dalgaard, Nina Thorup; Montgomery, Edith; Grietens, Hans; Verschueren, Karine

2013-06-01

113

The origins of narrative  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents work in progress towards a better understanding of the origins of narrative. Assuming an evolutionary and developmental continuity of mental experiences, we propose a grounding of human narrative capacities in non-verbal narrative transactions in non-human animals, and in pre-verbal narrative transactions of human children. We discuss narrative intelligence in the context of the evolution of primate (social)

Kerstin Dautenhahn

114

Case Study: Filthy Lucre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The website presents a case study involving the detection of cocaine on dollar bills. The lesson is intended for use in upper level high school classes or lower level undergraduate education. Students are introduced to concepts in experimental design, sampling, the interpretation of scientific data, and the reliability of results as they design an experiment to determine what percentage of paper currency is contaminated with cocaine. The case includes lab work involving the use of GC/MS techniques and instrumentation. The case was designed for a chemistry course for non-science majors.

Acheson, Ed

2011-05-06

115

A Narrative Study of Thirty Years of Entrance Exam Reform in Shanghai  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the reform trends and policies on the College Entrance Examination (CEE) in Shanghai, one of China's most developed cities. The author divides the CEE reforms in Shanghai into three historical stages: 1977 to 1992, 1992 to 1999, and 2000 to present. Employing the method of case studies, the author analyzes the rationales and…

Li, Lifeng

2013-01-01

116

The Role of Narrative in Communicating Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present theoretical paper presents a case for the use of narrative (i.e., fictional written text) in science education as a way of making science meaningful, relevant, and accessible to the public. Grounded in literature pointing to the value of narrative in supporting learning and the need to explore new modes of communicating science, this…

Avraamidou, Lucy; Osborne, Jonathan

2009-01-01

117

Debate as a Teaching Strategy in Online Education: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reflective case study was based on our independent use of the debate as an online instructional approach and our shared interest in teaching strategies. In an interdisciplinary manner, using narrative inquiry and action research, we melded our data sources and analyzed the findings, including our individual experiences with the technique. Our…

Park, Caroline; Kier, Cheryl; Jugdev, Kam

2011-01-01

118

Case Study of Three Rural Texas Superintendents as Equity Oriented Change Agents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For this qualitative case study (Patton, 2003), we used narrative inquiry (Erlandson, Harris, Skipper, & Allen, 1993) and sought to analyze extended interviews and field notes based on interactions with three rural superintendents working in high-needs, public PK-12 school districts in Texas. We collected data with regard to these superintendents'…

Maxwell, Gerri Marie; Locke, Leslie Ann; Scheurich, James Joseph

2013-01-01

119

Assessment of Case Study Teaching: Where Do We Go from Here? Part I  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One effective method to improve the learning of science is through case study teaching. Teachers use realistic or true narratives to provide opportunities for students to integrate multiple sources of information in an authentic context, and may engage students with ethical and societal problems related to their discipline. However, little…

Lundeberg, Mary A.; Yadav, Aman

2006-01-01

120

Intercultural Sojourns as Educational Experiences: A Narrative Study of the Outcomes of Finnish Student Teachers' Language-Practice Periods in Britain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In today's globalized world, an increasing number of university students go abroad to work or study, and foreign language (FL) students are either obliged to or voluntarily choose to spend some time in countries where the target language is spoken. This narrative study focuses on what FL students think they learn during residence abroad, and how…

Larzen-Ostermark, Eva

2011-01-01

121

Pathology Case Study: Petechiae  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 6-hour-old baby was found to have petechiae. Visitors are given the case description and the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and transfusion medicine.

Lopez-Plaza, Iliana; Nester, Theresa; Qu, Lirong

2008-03-26

122

An Exploratory Study of the Association between Reactive Attachment Disorder and Attachment Narratives in Early School-Age Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To explore attachment narratives in children diagnosed with reactive attachment disorder (RAD). Method: We compared attachment narratives, as measured by the Manchester Child Attachment Story Task, in a group of 33 children with a diagnosis of RAD and 37 comparison children. Results: The relative risk (RR) for children with RAD having…

Minnis, Helen; Green, Jonathan; O'Connor, Thomas G.; Liew, Ashley; Glaser, D.; Taylor, E.; Follan, M.; Young, D.; Barnes, J.; Gillberg, C.; Pelosi, A.; Arthur, J.; Burston, A.; Connolly, B.; Sadiq, F. A.

2009-01-01

123

Co-Speech Gesture Production in an Animation-Narration Task by Bilinguals: A Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine the neural mechanism of co-speech gesture production, we measured brain activity of bilinguals during an animation-narration task using near-infrared spectroscopy. The task of the participants was to watch two stories via an animated cartoon, and then narrate the contents in their first language (Ll) and second language (L2),…

Oi, Misato; Saito, Hirofumi; Li, Zongfeng; Zhao, Wenjun

2013-01-01

124

Flash Flood Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module takes the learner through seven case studies of flash flood events that occurred in the conterminous U.S. between 2003 and 2006. The cases covered include: * 30-31 August 2003: Chase & Lyon Counties, KS * 16-17 September 2004: Macon County, NC * 31 July 2006: Santa Catalina Mountains near Tucson, AZ * 25 December 2003: Fire burn area near San Bernardino, CA * 30 August 2004: Urban flash flood in Richmond, VA * 19-20 August 2003: Urban flash flood in Las Vegas, NV * 9 October 2005: Cheshire County, NH This module assists the learner in applying the concepts covered in the foundation topics of the Basic Hydrologic Sciences course. Some of the specific topics pertinent to these cases are the physical characteristics that make a basin prone to flash floods, basin response to precipitation, flash flood guidance (FFG), the relationship between wildfire and flash floods, and the relationship between urban development and flash floods. Related topics brought out in the cases include radar quantitative precipitation estimation (QPE), the National Weather Service Flash Flood Monitoring and Prediction (NWS FFMP) products, debris flows, impounded water, and interagency communications. The core foundation topics are recommended prerequisite materials since this module assumes some pre-existing knowledge of hydrologic principles. In particular, the Runoff Processes and Flash Flood Processes modules contain material directly related to these cases.

COMET

2007-06-26

125

Aging and the segmentation of narrative film.  

PubMed

The perception of event structure in continuous activity is important for everyday comprehension. Although the segmentation of experience into events is a normal concomitant of perceptual processing, previous research has shown age differences in the ability to perceive structure in naturalistic activity, such as a movie of someone washing a car. However, past research has also shown that older adults have a preserved ability to comprehend events in narrative text, which suggests that narrative may improve the event processing of older adults. This study tested whether there are age differences in event segmentation at the intersection of continuous activity and narrative: narrative film. Younger and older adults watched and segmented a narrative film, The Red Balloon, into coarse and fine events. Changes in situational features, such as changes in characters, goals, and objects predicted segmentation. Analyses revealed little age-difference in segmentation behavior. This suggests the possibility that narrative structure supports event understanding for older adults. PMID:23984846

Kurby, Christopher A; Asiala, Lillian K E; Mills, Steven R

2014-01-01

126

Treatment of pancreatic cancer: A narrative review of cost-effectiveness studies.  

PubMed

Cancer of the pancreas is the second most frequent digestive cancer in the US, accounting for about 44,000 new cases per year. In Europe, it is the sixth most frequent cancer, accounting for 2.8% of cancers in men and 3.2% in women. With a five-year survival of less than 10%, it is the fifth leading cause of cancer-related death. The majority of cases are diagnosed above the age of 65 and in about 60% of cases at an advanced stage, explaining that little improvement has been observed in survival over the past 30 years. Radical surgery offers the only curative treatment of pancreatic cancer. Alternative or combined therapeutic options in particular consist of adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy, with or without radiotherapy. Palliative treatment for locally advanced disease may benefit patient's health status and quality of life. Limitations in healthcare resources, burden of treatment, and uncertainty of the net clinical benefit of adjuvant therapy, underline the need to identify the cost-effectiveness of different therapeutic approaches, as well as a need to establish patient groups who benefit most from these treatments. The present paper reviews cost-effectiveness studies published on pancreatic cancer treatment. PMID:24182608

Bardou, Marc; Le Ray, Isabelle

2013-12-01

127

Project Invert WP6 Case Studies Case studies  

E-print Network

Project Invert ­ WP6 Case Studies Case studies (update, June 2005) Final Report of Work Phase 6 Invert ­ WP6 Case Studies - The Invert project: Research project within the Altener Program Printed in Austria ­ June 2005 #12;Project Invert ­ WP6 Case Studies I CONTENT Page FIGURES

128

Accounting for Intimate Partner Violence: A Biographical Analysis of Narrative Strategies Used by Men Experiencing IPV From Their Female Partners.  

PubMed

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious social issue which affects the medium- and long-term health outcomes of many individuals worldwide. The cost of IPV on the physical and psychological well-being of individuals, in addition to its wider economic costs in responding to abused persons, is significant. Presently, there is a lack of understanding about the nature of female-initiated IPV and how men account for their experiences of it. This study examined male victims' life stories of their IPV experiences from their intimate partners. Using the biographical narrative interpretive method, three cases were analyzed from a social constructionist perspective to examine what narrative strategies men used to account for their experiences of being abused by their female partners. Three dominant narrative strategies were used by respondents: the fatherhood narrative, the good husband narrative, and the abuse narrative. The abuse narrative had a unique narrative form, which reflected respondents' disassociation between their identities as men and also as abused persons. Dominant conflicting discourses of masculinity and intimate partner abuse disadvantaged men in identifying IPV and secondly in responding appropriately. This study found that men prefer to use dominant discursive identities as legitimate means from which to disclose IPV experiences. The findings from this study illustrate that broad questioning by professionals regarding fatherhood may be most helpful in promoting disclosures of IPV if this is suspected. PMID:25392374

Corbally, Melissa

2014-11-11

129

A randomised controlled pilot study: the effectiveness of narrative exposure therapy with adult survivors of the Sichuan earthquake  

PubMed Central

Background Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a common psychological reaction after large-scale natural disasters. Given the number of people involved and shortage of resources in any major disaster, brief, pragmatic and easily trainable interventions are needed. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET) as a short-term treatment for PTSD using Chinese earthquake survivors. Methods A randomized waiting-list control pilot study was conducted between December 2009 and March 2010, at the site of the Sichuan earthquake in Beichuan County, China. Adult participants with newly diagnosed Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) were randomly allocated to Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET) or a Waiting-List (WL) condition. The latter received NET treatment after a two-week waiting period. To compare the effectiveness of NET in traumatised earthquake survivors, both groups were assessed on PTSD symptoms, general mental health, anxiety and depression, social support, coping style and posttraumatic change before and after treatment and two months post treatment. Results Adult participants (n=22) were randomly allocated to receive NET (n=11) or WL (n=11). Twenty two participants (11 in NET group, 11 in WL) were included in the analysis of primary outcomes. Compared with WL, NET showed significant reductions in PTSD symptoms, anxiety and depression, general mental stress and increased posttraumatic growth. The WL group later showed similar improvements after treatment. These changes remained stable for a two-month follow-up. Measures of social support and coping showed no stable effects. Conclusions NET is effective in treating post-earthquake traumatic symptoms in adult Chinese earthquake survivors. The findings help advance current knowledge in the management of PTSD after natural disasters and inform future research. Larger sample sizes are needed to extend the present findings. Trial registration Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ChiCTR-TRC-12002473 PMID:23363689

2013-01-01

130

Mental State Verb Production in the Oral Narratives of English- and Spanish-Speaking Preadolescents: An Exploratory Study of Lexical Diversity and Depth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a preface to future studies on language impairment in bilingual children, an exploratory analysis of lexical diversity and depth in the production of mental state verbs was conducted on the oral narratives of 9- and 11-year-old children who differed by language status. English-only (EO), bilingual (Spanish-English), and Spanish-only (SO)…

Fuste-Herrmann, Belinda; Silliman, Elaine R.; Bahr, Ruth H.; Fasnacht, Kyna S.; Federico, Jeanne E.

2006-01-01

131

Narratives in Local Television News Editing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study offers a method for analyzing the narrative content of television news videos. Very few scholars approach the study of visual narratives in television news editing because the technique is highly specialized and not commonly articulated by practitioners. However, cognitive experiments are supporting the importance of understanding the way the brain processes video messages; in particular, those coming from

Keren Henderson

2012-01-01

132

Modeling Narrative Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This thesis describes new approaches to the formal modeling of narrative discourse. Although narratives of all kinds are ubiquitous in daily life, contemporary text processing techniques typically do not leverage the aspects that separate narrative from expository discourse. We describe two approaches to the problem. The first approach considers…

Elson, David K.

2012-01-01

133

Deconstruction as Narrative Interruption  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of the way it prioritizes "interruption" and calls into question the very possibility of producing coherent, self-contained narratives, the deconstructive work of Jacques Derrida is often thought to be intrinsically anti-narrative in its very structure; and yet there are those who insist that, to the contrary, deconstruction is a narrative

Gilbert-Walsh, James

2007-01-01

134

Performing Narrative Medicine  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author weaves narrative medicine and performance together to consider what might it mean to call narrative medicine a performance. To name narrative medicine as performance is to recognize the texts and bodies, the stories and selves, that participate in its practice--patients' and physicians' embodied stories as well as the…

Langellier, Kristin M.

2009-01-01

135

Narrative as Inquiry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author suggests that all research is narrative. Resituating all research as narrative, as opposed to characterizing narrative as one particular form of inquiry, provides a critical space for rethinking "research" beyond current dualisms and bifurcations that create boundaries that limit the capacity for dialogue across diverse epistemologies.…

Hendry, Petra Munro

2010-01-01

136

UCLA Statistics Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by the Department of Statistics at UCLA, this collection of case studies includes the following topics: stock prices; breast cancer research; effect of fitness program; water use in Los Angeles; oral hygiene in the ICS-II project; Brinks v. New York City; effect of exercise on heart disease; national assessment of educational progress; The London Underground; suicides of women and men; temperature in San Francisco; lead intake; voting for Johnson; salaries of Yale men; K-Mart cookie sales; skeleton differences between tribes; advertising for detergents; did Mendel fudge his data; rainfall in the United Kingdom; jury selection in Alameda County; racial bias in jury selection: Swain v. Alabama; gender bias in jury selection: the case of Dr. Spock; the ELISA test for the AIDS virus; school careers in the Netherlands in 1959; the Northridge Earthquake of January 1994 and the trial of the Pix. This large collection is great for anyone in the field of statistics.

Aper, David; Michailides, George

2009-03-03

137

Surviving critical illness: a case study in ambiguity.  

PubMed

Social workers address issues of critical illness and end of life in multiple settings. Due to advances in medical technology, an increasing number of patients survive severe critical illnesses. Little is known about the psychological dynamics of these patients who recover from critical illness and move into the liminal space between life and death. In this article the author analyzes the psychological ambiguities present during recovery from critical illness. Using a case study, connections will be made between surviving critical illness and the theoretical constructs of liminality, illness narratives, ambiguous dying, and ambiguous loss. Practice applications for social workers are addressed. PMID:22150180

Johnston, Liz B

2011-01-01

138

Environmental Ethics Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Physiological Society (APS) has created a wide range of teaching resources through its collaborative digital library over the past several years. This particular corner of the site brings together a number of environmental ethics case studies which cover everything from GMOS to the fluoridation of drinking water. Currently, the site contains a dozen different resources, including "Food Aid and Population Control," "Reviving Extinct Species," and "Progress vs. Family Tradition." Resources can be filtered by Grade/Age level or even Pedagogy. Additionally, users are encouraged to craft their own resources and submit them for possible inclusion.

139

Pathology Case Study: Peritonitis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 70-year-old man has peritonitis. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in gastrointestinal pathology.

Nine, Jeff S.

2007-12-12

140

Pathology Case Study: Seizures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 7-year-old girl is experiencing episodic seizures. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including neuroimaging results, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology. [ASC

Al-Hindi, Hindi; Subach, Brian R.

2007-10-15

141

Pathology Case Study: Hyperammonemia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a female neonate only two days old became lethargic and developed focal seizures. Visitors are given the high performance liquid chromatography, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and clinical chemistry.

Diven, Warren

142

Differentiation and Development in Children's Event Narratives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the development of children's production of two kinds of narratives, script and episodic, had as subjects 60 children aged 3, 5, and 7, with 20 children in each age group. In the experiment, 10 children in each group were asked to produce script narratives ("What happens when you do X?") for 3 events and the other 10 were asked to…

Hudson, Judith; Nelson, Katherine

143

Narrative and Identity Construction among Ethiopian Immigrants  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main objective of this study is to analyze narratives by Ethiopian immigrants in the Denver metropolitan area, as they share their immigrant experiences while attempting to integrate into the host culture. More specifically, this paper attempts to see how Ethiopian immigrants use narrative as a vehicle for constructing their identity as mainstream citizens in the United States. Focusing on

Weldu Michael Weldeyesus

144

Magical Thinking in Narratives of Adolescent Cutters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescents sometimes cut themselves to relieve distress; however, the mechanism is unknown. Previous studies have linked self-injury to deficits in processing emotions symbolically through language. To investigate expressive language of adolescent cutters, the authors analyzed 100 narratives posted on the Internet. Most narratives (n = 66)…

Gregory, Robert J.; Mustata, Georgian T.

2012-01-01

145

Narrative Language in Traumatic Brain Injury  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI) often show impaired linguistic and/or narrative abilities. The present study aimed to document the features of narrative discourse impairment in a group of adults with TBI. 14 severe TBI non-aphasic speakers (GCS less than 8) in the phase of neurological stability and 14 neurologically intact participants…

Marini, Andrea; Galetto, Valentina; Zampieri, Elisa; Vorano, Lorenza; Zettin, Marina; Carlomagno, Sergio

2011-01-01

146

National and Racial Identity and the Desire for Expansion: A Study of American Travel Narratives, 1790-1850  

E-print Network

Hee University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. William Bedford Clark This dissertation aims to investigate the shaping of a national literature within travel narratives written by William Bartram, Washington Irving, George Catlin, Thomas L. Mc...

Jeong, Jin Man

2011-08-08

147

Case Study: Ice Hockey Injury  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for high school and/or undergraduate students in anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores the anatomy and physiology of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Philip J Stephens (Villanova University Biology)

2004-04-19

148

Narratives can motivate environmental action: the Whiskey Creek ocean acidification story.  

PubMed

Even when environmental data quantify the risks and benefits of delayed responses to rapid anthropogenic change, institutions rarely respond promptly. We propose that narratives complementing environmental datasets can motivate responsive environmental policy. To explore this idea, we relate a case study in which a narrative of economic loss due to regionally rapid ocean acidification-an anthropogenic change-helped connect knowledge with action. We pose three hypotheses to explain why narratives might be particularly effective in linking science to environmental policy, drawing from the literature of economics, environmental policy, and cognitive psychology. It seems that yet-untold narratives may hold similar potential for strengthening the feedback between environmental data and policy and motivating regional responses to other environmental problems. PMID:24081705

Kelly, Ryan P; Cooley, Sarah R; Klinger, Terrie

2014-09-01

149

Musical Maps as Narrative Inquiry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the metaphorical relationship between the process of narrative inquiry and the process of "musical mapping." The creation of musical maps was used as a classroom tool for enabling students' musical understanding while listening to music. As teacher-researcher, I studied my fifth-grade music students as they interacted with…

Blair, Deborah V.

2007-01-01

150

Narrative Frames for Investigating the Experiences of Language Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Narrative inquiry in language teacher education aims to understand the experiences of teachers in the particular contexts in which they teach. This article reports on the use of narrative frames as a means of investigating the teaching experiences of university English teachers in China. This study used four specifically designed narrative frames…

Barkhuizen, Gary; Wette, Rosemary

2008-01-01

151

Narrative Transcription Accuracy and Reliability in Two Languages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to examine the issues of accuracy and reliability for transcription and analysis of oral narratives from Spanish-English bilingual children. Findings reveal that oral narrative data from ELL children can be accurately transcribed and the narrative measures are stable over time.

Heilmann, John; Miller, Jon F.; Iglesias, Aquiles; Fabiano-Smith, Leah; Nockerts, Ann; Andriacchi, Karen Digney

2008-01-01

152

Structure, Meaning, and Constituency in Visual Narrative Comprehension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Narrative has been formally studied for at least two millennia, dating back to the writings of Aristotle. While most theories began by describing the construction of plotlines in theatre, most contemporary research on the structure and comprehension of narratives has examined the discourse of spoken language. However, visual narratives in the form…

Cohn, Neil Thomas

2012-01-01

153

Career Paths in Educational Leadership: Examining Principals' Narratives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study analyzes the career path narratives of active principals. Structural narrative analysis was supplemented with sociolinguistic theory and thematic narrative analysis to discern the similarities and differences, as well as the patterns in the language used by participating principals. Thematic analysis found four major themes…

Parylo, Oksana; Zepeda, Sally J.; Bengtson, Ed

2012-01-01

154

Causal Coherence in Deaf and Hearing Students' Written Narratives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the causal coherence of deaf students' written narratives and the relation between students' use of causal structures in narrative writing and their linguistic skills. The written narratives of 17 deaf high school students were compared with those of 2 groups of hearing writers: 17 high school students and 16 second…

Arfe, Barbara; Boscolo, Pietro

2006-01-01

155

A semiotic approach to narrative manipulation Maria A. Alberti  

E-print Network

A semiotic approach to narrative manipulation Maria A. Alberti UniversitĂ  degli Studi di Milano to the multi-modal language of a movie. We adopted the semiotic theory of Greimas to analyze the narrative Semiotics, Narratology, Multimedia Communication Artifacts. The background NarToo - Narrative Tool

Alberti, Maria Alberta

156

Case Study: The Business End of Cases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article takes a retrospective look at how the folks in business schools look at the case method. The legacy of cases in business may seem short in the eyes of some but it is positively ancient when compared to the use of the case study in the sciences, which began to take hold in the 1990s. Surprisingly, in spite of its impeccable academic pedigree, there seems to be little literature on the success of the method; virtually no assessment data in business, law, or public policy teaching seems to exist.

Herreid, Clyde F.

2005-11-01

157

Chronicles of Change: The Narrative Turn and E-Learning Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Narrative case research has been widely utilized in educational inquiry to investigate different and changing positions and perspectives on questions of identity, curriculum and classroom practice. Despite the fact that case-study research of this kind is well suited to the investigation of changing technologies and their interpretation in…

Friesen, Norm

2008-01-01

158

Using Slowmation to Develop the Social Skills of Primary School Students with Mild Intellectual Disabilities: Four Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the potential of using a new but simplified form of stop-motion animation called slowmation to support 4 primary school students with mild intellectual disabilities in co-constructing an animated social narrative about their own social skills. The research used a multiple case study design incorporating a range of qualitative…

Shepherd, Alyce; Hoban, Garry; Dixon, Roselyn

2014-01-01

159

A study of the impact of a supplemental storytelling (oral narrative) strategy on fourth-grade students' understanding of the physics of sound  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study the effect of story-telling (oral-narrative) strategies on student understanding of ideas about the physics of sound was investigated. A midwestern 4th grade sample of convenience was selected for this study. An experienced elementary science teacher with a special interest and talent for the oral tradition of storytelling taught a commercially available sound unit to two separate groups

Jo Anne Ollerenshaw

1998-01-01

160

Toward better case study research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Case study research can make important contributions to the field of professional communication if the research is carried out with rigor. The paper discusses inaccurate uses of the term “case study” and then presents ideas for conducting more rigorous case studies. Advantages and disadvantages are described, as well as typical techniques, such as interviews, logs, and visual and verbal protocols

M ARY SUE MACNEALY

1997-01-01

161

Case Studies in Wilderness Medicine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five case studies explore issues in wilderness medicine, with emphasis on evacuation decision making. The cases describe medical problems encountered during wilderness trips involving college or high school students. In each case, the situation and facts of the case are outlined, including the patient's medical history and vital signs, and at…

Gray, Melissa; Tarter, Shana Lee

162

UBC CASE STUDY / Social, Ecological, Economical Developmental Studies (SEEDS) UBC CASE STUDY/  

E-print Network

UBC CASE STUDY / Social, Ecological, Economical Developmental Studies (SEEDS) UBC CASE STUDY/ SOCIAL, ECOLOCIAL, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STUDIES (SEEDS) UBC Sustainability Office CASE STUDY/ SOCIAL, ECOLOCIAL, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STUDIES (SEEDS) UBC Campus Sustainability Office #12;UBC CASE STUDY / Social

163

The illness narratives of men involved in the criminal justice system: A study of health behaviors, chronic conditions and HIV/AIDS  

PubMed Central

Summary Former inmates encounter a variety of challenges when returning to their community, including poor health status and limited access to healthcare services. This qualitative study examined how former male inmates with chronic conditions perceived, understood, managed, and coped with their illnesses. Findings: The participants were Black and Puerto Rican, with a mean age of 47 years, who were interviewed within three years of their release. Participants reported at least one chronic condition, with 21 HIV-negative men using chaos narratives to depict their approach to disease management. Nine HIV-positive men used quest narratives to present their illnesses and were immediately linked to supportive services, enabling them to overcome the barriers to community reintegration. Applications: Health interventions in the area of forensic social work ought to focus on conducting Medicaid outreach and enrollment efforts prior to correctional facility discharge. PMID:25419175

Valera, Pamela; Kratz, Molly

2014-01-01

164

Teaching Pharmacology by Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using pharmacology case studies with nursing students encourages theory-practice links and infuses real-life content. Cases provide rich qualitative data for evaluating curriculum. However, they are not a substitute for evidence-based practice. (SK)

Jordan, Sue

1997-01-01

165

Analysis of Narrative Discourse Structure as an Ecologically Relevant Measure of Executive Function in Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the narrative discourse production and executive function (EF) abilities of 46 neuro-typical adults (18-98 years old). Two questions were addressed: Is the analysis of narrative structure sensitive to changes associated with aging? & What is the relationship between measures of narrative structure and EF? Narratives were…

Cannizzaro, Michael S.; Coelho, Carl A.

2013-01-01

166

Limitations of Language: Developing Arts-Based Creative Narrative in Stories of Teachers' Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is based on a multidimensional study employing a heuristic methodology termed "creative narrative" that combines arts-based methods with narrative inquiry. Six female teachers' narratives of identity are explored through artistic, visual images to illuminate if and how they story "unconscious". The creative narratives, illuminated…

Leitch, Ruth

2006-01-01

167

The Effects of Death Anxiety and Mode of "Case Study" Presentation on Shifts of Attitude toward Euthanasia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students (N = 18) were randomized to one of two experimental treatments: a video tape presentation of a burn victim, and a written narrative of the same "case study." There appeared to be significant differences in attitudes toward euthanasia between experimental groups. (Authors)

Hart, Edward J.

1978-01-01

168

What Can We Do about "Parker"? A Case Study of a Good Student Who Didn't "Get" Organic Chemistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is based on a qualitative study of seven students enrolled in a two-semester organic chemistry course for chemistry and chemical engineering majors that focused on the reasoning the students had used to answer questions on the course exams. Narrative analysis was applied to create case records for each participant that were then…

Anderson, Trisha L.; Bodner, George M.

2008-01-01

169

Narrative History and Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While narrative history has been the prevailing mode in historical scholarship, its preeminence has not gone unquestioned. In the 1980s, the role of narrative in historical writing was "the subject of extraordinarily intense debate." The historical backdrop of this debate can be traced to the preceding two decades, when four groups of thinkers…

Tamura, Eileen H.

2011-01-01

170

Visual Narrative Structure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Narratives are an integral part of human expression. In the graphic form, they range from cave paintings to Egyptian hieroglyphics, from the Bayeux Tapestry to modern day comic books (Kunzle, 1973; McCloud, 1993). Yet not much research has addressed the structure and comprehension of narrative images, for example, how do people create meaning out…

Cohn, Neil

2013-01-01

171

An Education in Narratives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I argue for a broad education in narratives as a way to address several problems found in moral psychology and social cognition. First, an education in narratives will address a common problem of narrowness or lack of diversity, shared by virtue ethics and the simulation theory of social cognition. Secondly, it also solves the "starting…

Gallagher, Shaun

2014-01-01

172

The Index of Narrative Microstructure: A Clinical Tool for Analyzing School-Age Children's Narrative Performances  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This research was conducted to develop a clinical tool--the Index of Narrative Microstructure (INMIS)--that would parsimoniously account for important microstructural aspects of narrative production for school-age children. The study provides field test age- and grade-based INMIS values to aid clinicians in making normative judgments…

Justice, Laura M.; Bowles, Ryan P.; Kaderavek, Joan N.; Ukrainetz, Teresa A.; Eisenberg, Sarita L.; Gillam, Ronald B.

2006-01-01

173

Risk, suffering and competing narratives in the psychiatric assessment of an Iraqi refugee.  

PubMed

This paper highlights the problem of "place" for an Iraqi refugee who, for years, had been tortured and imprisoned in his home country. Specifically, the paper presents a case study of a clinical encounter with this refugee, who had come to the attention of an Australian Crisis Assessment and Treatment Team. Drawing from narrative theory, the paper describes the chaotic nature of the encounter to show how the diverse motives, claims and actions of those present expose the struggle involved in the emplotment of an emerging narrative. The case study is constructed and analysed to illustrate the interpretive machinery of "clinical reasoning" and, in particular, the tension and play between "paradigmatic thinking" and "narrative thinking." More generally, this analysis follows the work of social scientists who seek to expand methodologies for writing about human suffering. PMID:18066652

Savy, Pauline; Sawyer, Anne-Maree

2008-03-01

174

Epidemics and the politics of knowledge: contested narratives in Egypt's H1N1 response.  

PubMed

This article explores the politics of knowledge involved in understanding and responding to epidemics in an era of global health governance and biosecurity. It develops and applies an approach focused on how multiple, competing narratives about epidemics are constructed, mobilized and interact, and selectively justify pathways of intervention and response. A detailed ethnographic case study of national and local responses to H1N1 influenza, so-called swine flu, in Egypt reveals how global narratives were reworked by powerful actors in a particular political context, suppressing and delegitimizing the alternative narratives of the Zabaleen (Coptic Christian) people whose lives and livelihoods centered on raising pigs and working with them to control urban waste. The case study illustrates important ways in which geographies and politics of blame around epidemics emerge and are justified, their political contexts and consequences, and how they may feed back to shape the dynamics of disease itself. PMID:24761977

Leach, Melissa; Tadros, Mariz

2014-01-01

175

The Case Study: Assessment of Case Teaching -- Where Do We Go From Here? Part I  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many undergraduates, especially women and traditionally underrepresented groups, avoid higher-level science and mathematics. Several students who switched from science and mathematics majors in college report "poor teaching by faculty" as a significant reason for switching (Seymour and Hewitt 1997, p. 32). One effort to improve the learning of science is through case study teaching. Teachers use realistic or true narratives to provide opportunities for students to integrate multiple sources of information in an authentic context (Lundeberg, Levin, and Harrington 1999; Herreid 1994). Although such methods are being used in some university level courses, relatively little empirical research has examined whether and how these case-based teaching approaches have the desired effects of promoting deep understanding, enabling transfer of ideas to new contexts, and making learning more motivating or valuable for certain student populations (Lundeberg, Levin, and Harrington 1999; Lundeberg et al. 2002).

Yadav, Aman; Lundeberg, Mary A.

2006-03-01

176

Music and Drama in Primary Schools in the Madeira Island--Narratives of Ownership and Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A three-year-case study funded by the Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) from the Portuguese Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education was designed to study a 30-year project of music and drama in primary schools in Madeira. This article reports on the narratives of the three main figures in the project as they elaborate on its…

Mota, Graça; Araújo, Maria Jose

2013-01-01

177

Processing Narratives for Verbatim and Gist Information by Adults with Language Learning Disabilities: A Functional Neuroimaging Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How verbal information is processed and recalled appears to be influenced by the structure of the information presented (e.g., unrelated sentences vs. narratives) and the processes the listener uses to encode the information (e.g., verbatim encoding vs. gist extraction). Twenty adults, half with a history of learning disabilities (HLD) and half…

Plante, Elena; Ramage, Amy E.; Magloire, Joel

2006-01-01

178

Exploring "Lost Childhood": A Study of the Narratives of Palestinians Who Grew Up during the First Intifada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of life narratives of 20 West Bank Palestinians who grew up during First Intifada revealed an experience of having "lost childhood'. This experience included various aspects categorized into "lost child-friendliness" and "lost childlikeness". Participants attributed their sense of lost childhood to having grown up in the context of…

Netland, Marit

2013-01-01

179

Designing efficiencies: The parallel narratives of distance education and composition studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Distance education (DE) programs at many universities have been initiated to generate new efficiencies for the academic process, particularly cost efficiency and pedagogical efficiency. In writing studies, this move toward digitally mediated instruction has, in some classrooms, recreated practices that resonate with the pedagogy that resulted from Current-Traditional Rhetoric (CTR). Thus, a trace of distance education's and composition studies’ parallel

Kevin Eric DePew; T. A. Fishman; Julia E. Romberger; Bridget Fahey Ruetenik

2006-01-01

180

This Isn't Business, It's Personal: Personal Narratives in the Field of Composition Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I focus on three critical autobiographies in the field of composition studies: Mike Rose's "Lives on the Boundary: A Moving Account of the Struggles and Achievements of America's Educationally Underprepared," Keith Gilyard's "Voices of the Self: A Study of Language Competence," and Victor Villanueva, Jr.'s "Bootstraps: From an American Academic of…

Golar, Norman

2010-01-01

181

The Case Study: Case Studies and the Media  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Just as comedians find content for their material in newspapers and on television, it is possible for educators to use the media as a great source of material. As case study teachers it is important to look for hooks in the media; events that will grab our student's interest and allow us to develop a case that will teach our discipline. To do this we need to have a "case study frame of mind."

2006-11-01

182

Emotion, Engagement, and Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three college faculty taught large general biology classes using case studies and personal response systems (clickers). Each instructor taught the same eight cases in two different sections, except the questions within the cases differed. In one section the questions were lower order (LO) factual inquiries, and in the other they were largely…

Herreid, Clyde Freeman; Terry, David R.; Lemons, Paula; Armstrong, Norris; Brickman, Peggy; Ribbens, Eric

2014-01-01

183

Journal Articles as Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students use as the basis for a case study a journal article investigating whether people who claimed to have severe lactose intolerance really were unable to digest lactose. This type of case is referred to as an "issues" or "analysis" type of case in wh

Cornely, Kathleen

1999-11-01

184

Narratives from Rajendranagar: A Critical Ethnographic Study of Food Insecurity in an Indian Slum  

E-print Network

This dissertation is an ethnographic inquiry into women’s experiences of food insecurity in Rajendranagar, a slum in Bangalore, India. As a critical ethnographer, I undertook this study with a goal of addressing the problem of malnourishment...

Ramadurai, Vandhana

2013-11-13

185

Case Study: Case Studies and the Flipped Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This column provides original articles on innovations in case study teaching, assessment of the method, as well as case studies with teaching notes. This month's issue discusses the positive and negative aspects of the "flipped classroom." In the flipped classroom model, what is normally done in class and what is normally done as…

Herreid, Clyde Freeman; Schiller, Nancy A.

2013-01-01

186

A New Zealand case study A New Zealand case study  

E-print Network

A New Zealand case study A New Zealand case study Open Source, Open Standards, Open Data by Brent Alexander Wood NIWA, New Zealand. pcreso@pcreso.com Abstract The National Institute for Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) is New Zealand's leading agency providing freshwater, ocean, climate, atmosphere

Köbben, Barend

187

Case Studies in Economic Sanctions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the Institute for International Economics, Case Studies in Economic Sanctions presents, at present, eight in-depth case studies of the effects of economic sanctions in countries including Cuba, Libya, Pakistan, Iran, India, and Myanmar. Each case study is presented in three compact pages beginning with a detailed timeline of the history of the sanctions. The second page offers more information, including the chronological goals of the sender country, response of the target country, attitude of other countries, and legal notes. The final page contains economic statistics, assessments by economists, and concise authors's summaries. Worthy of note are the lengthy bibliographies that accompany each case study.

188

The Ice Cream Stories: A Study in Normal and Psychotic Narrations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Indicates that the psychotic and normal populations showed definable differences in encoding strategies when presented with an adaption of the Pear Stories study. Supports theories claiming that faulty filtering mechanisms, vulnerability to distraction, and attentional deficits account for psychotic subjects' reactions. (JD)

Chaika, Elaine; Alexander, Paul

1986-01-01

189

A Narrative Study of the Experiences that Impact Educational Choices of Middle-Aged Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative study was to answer the research questions of how middle-aged women perceive higher education and why they do or do not pursue a higher level of education. According to the U.S. Census Bureau's 2009 American Community Survey microdata, more than half of the women between the ages of 30-50 years in one Midwestern US…

Perez, Shireese Redmond

2011-01-01

190

Haiku, Nature, and Narrative: An Empirical Study of the Writing Paradigm and Its Theories  

E-print Network

Head of Department, Douglas W. Woods May 2014 Major Subject: Psychology Copyright 2014 Kittredge Taylor Stephenson ii ABSTRACT The present study continued an examination of haiku poetry within the context of the writing paradigm. Groups were... into the maiko’s kimono the newborn arrives ahead of schedule on the riverbank somebody touched my shoulder weeping willow echoing down the phone line his loneliness they punch back sturdy sunflowers holding their ground the elevator goes up but doesn’t come...

Stephenson, Kittredge T

2014-04-04

191

Curriculum Integration Case Studies 1 Moving Beyond Marketing Study Abroad: Comparative Case Studies of the  

E-print Network

Curriculum Integration Case Studies 1 Moving Beyond Marketing Study Abroad: Comparative Case Integration Case Studies 2 Contents Acknowledgements....................................................................16 5.) Case Study #1 (University of Minnesota, 2006): Oregon State University 1a.) Impetus & Goals

Amin, S. Massoud

192

Document clustering of clinical narratives: a systematic study of clinical sublanguages.  

PubMed

It is widely believed that different clinical domains use their own sublanguage in clinical notes, complicating natural language processing, but this has never been demonstrated on a broad selection of note types. Starting from formal sublanguage theory, we constructed a feature space based on vocabulary and semantic types used in 17 different clinical domains by three author types (physicians, nurses, and social workers) in both the in- and outpatient settings. We supplied the resulting vectors to CLUTO, a robust clustering tool suitable for this high-dimensional space. Our results confirm that note types with a broad clinical scope, e.g, History & Physicals and Discharge Summaries, cluster together, while note types with a narrow clinical scope form surprisingly pure, disjoint sublanguages. A reasonable conclusion from this study is that any tool relying on term statistics or semantics trained on one clinical note type may not work well on any other. PMID:22195171

Patterson, Olga; Hurdle, John F

2011-01-01

193

Identity formation of Italian emerging adults living with parents: A narrative study.  

PubMed

This study examines the links between family and identity processes of Italian emerging adults living with their parents. Examining the impact of family is important in the countries of Mediterranean area where also emerging adults live with parents for a prolonged time. In Italy living with parents is associated with a specific "delay syndrome" in the transition to adulthood. Participants consisted of 20 Italian emerging adults attending second and last years of university, in a large Italian city (Naples). All participants were subjected to an open interview, based on the thematic life story. Our findings indicate that parents are perceived as active agents of identity, responsive and supportive of autonomy; they encourage the active involvement of young people in the work of identity formation. Despite this, parental impact produces different configurations that could shed light on the pathways of Italian emerging adults' transition to adulthood. The above configurations are discussed using exemplars. PMID:24703589

Aleni Sestito, Laura; Sica, Luigia S

2014-12-01

194

Online Collaborative Case Study Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Case study learning was integrated into a course designed to improve students' potential for academic success and increase student retention. Case studies related to self-regulation of behavior, motivation, and cognition for academic tasks were used to prompt students' critical thinking and facilitate deep learning of self-regulation topics,…

Lee, Kathryn

2007-01-01

195

Three Community College Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents three case studies that focus on specific projects that are underway or have been completed. In the first case study, Joseph Wojtysiak and William J. Sutton, II discuss the Green Center of Central Pennsylvania, which is designed to serve as the state's preeminent source for education, training and public information about…

Wojtysiak, Joseph; Sutton, William J., II; Wright, Tommy; Brantley, Linda

2011-01-01

196

Configurations of Identity among Sexual Minority Youth: Context, Desire, and Narrative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Youth with same-sex desire undergo a process of narrative engagement as they construct configurations of identity that provide meaning and coherence with available sexual taxonomies. This article presents a theoretical analysis and four case studies centering on the relationship among context, desire, and identity for youth with same-sex desire.…

Hammack, Phillip L.; Thompson, Elisabeth Morgan; Pilecki, Andrew

2009-01-01

197

Narratives of Change at Minzu University of China: Internationalization, Marketization, and Ethnocultural Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines Minzu University of China (MUC), the nation's leading ethnic minority university, relative to faculty perspectives regarding initiatives to strengthen MUC as a comprehensive university. Based on a case-study approach, and employing organizational culture as a theoretical lens, the authors identify three narratives of…

Rhoads, Robert A.; Chang, Yongcai

2014-01-01

198

Latinas' Practices of Emergence: Between Cultural Narratives and Globalization on the U.S.-Mexico Border  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we attempt to map out the "in-between" space between global and cultural narratives that mediates women's educational trajectories. Case studies of women living on the U.S.-Mexico border make visible these spaces, sites of "practices of emergence": the practices that emerge from incommensurable economic demands and social…

O'Leary, Anna Ochoa; Gonzalez, Norma E.; Valdez-Gardea, Gloria Ciria

2008-01-01

199

Between Continuity and Change: Identities and Narratives within Teacher Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This year-long ethnographic case study examined high school teachers' participation in technology-focused professional development. By pairing a dialogical perspective on teacher identity with a micro-level analysis of narratives, findings indicate that teachers use language and other semiotic resources to express their own identity as well…

Curwood, Jen Scott

2014-01-01

200

Co-Reflection in Online Learning: Collaborative Critical Thinking as Narrative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents findings from a comparative case study of the learning experiences of two graduate students in an online action research course. The key roles played by reflection and co-reflection, an emerging concept, are identified through the use of narrative analysis. Co-reflection is a collaborative critical thinking process mediated…

Yukawa, Joyce

2006-01-01

201

A Map that Roared and an Original Atlas: Canada, Cartography, and the Narration of Nation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper contributes to recent debates about the geography of power,the nation-state, cartographic history, and postcolonial theory. It does so by connecting the themes of these literatures and exploring empirically the claims about the narration of natio made by the postcolonial theorist Homi Bhabha. The two empirical case studies come from contemporary Canada, and concern, in part, the mapping of

Matthew Sparke

1998-01-01

202

Chapter 11. Narratives of clients' experiences of drug use and treatment of substance use-related dependency.  

PubMed

The article focuses on narratives of clients' experiences of using/misusing alcohol and drugs and includes comments on their therapeutic process during treatment for dependency on psychoactive drugs. It discusses the role of narratives that focus on clients' experiences of understanding the use/misuse of psychoactive drugs, emphasizing the importance of the narratives. Narrative therapy for substance-use-related dependency is discussed. Insight into the treatment processes of dependency, based on narrative case illustrations, is also provided. PMID:24087873

von Braun, Therese; Larsson, Sam; Sjöblom, Yvonne

2013-11-01

203

Earthquake Case Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students work in a jigsaw format, they start in an expert group analyzing one particular aspect of the earthquake that occurred (e.g., tsunami, geologic maps, damage assessment). After analyzing the data/information provided, students get into their new groups, which are a "consulting team" to make recommendations to key governmental officials about the earthquake they studied and implications for future development. These are presented in a poster session style event, which then leads to individual papers that are written about the same topic, which are peer reviewed and revised. Students are asked to reflect on their strengths and weaknesses in the process and to consider changes for future opportunities, as well as connect the curriculum to the overall process of science.

Kaatje Kraft

204

Nasopharyngeal Case-Control Study  

Cancer.gov

A case-control study conducted in Taiwan between 1991-1994 among approximately 1,000 individuals to examine the role of viral, environmental, and genetic factors associated with the development of nasopharyngeal carcinoma

205

HYDROGEOLOGIC CASE STUDIES (CHICAGO, IL)  

EPA Science Inventory

Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three case studies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...

206

HYDROGEOLOGIC CASE STUDIES (DENVER PRESENTATION)  

EPA Science Inventory

Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three case studies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...

207

Hydrogeologic Case Studies (Seattle, WA)  

EPA Science Inventory

Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three case studies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...

208

The Influence of Diglossia in Arabic on Narrative Ability: Evidence from Analysis of the Linguistic and Narrative Structure of Discourse among Pre-School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present study is to examine the influence of diglossia on linguistic and narrative structures in Arab kindergarten children by testing performance in production and comprehension. The 30 children who participated in our study were asked to retell one narrative text that was read aloud to them in Literary Arabic and another narrative

Leikin, Mark; Ibrahim, Raphiq; Eghbaria, Hazar

2014-01-01

209

Assimilating others' health narratives: An exploration of the integration or avoidance of narratives by women who have experienced premature labor and\\/or birth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored how women who experienced high-risk pregnancies and premature birth integrated other stories they heard and read into their own stories about pregnancy and birth. Prior research on narratives has identified the central role stories play in health experiences. This study expands on this foundation by examining how the narratives women encountered shaped their personal narratives as they

Jennifer G Hall

2010-01-01

210

Inclusion Practices with Special Educational Needs Students in a Hong Kong Secondary School: Teachers' Narratives from a School Guidance Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools in Hong Kong are concerned about the growing enrolments of students with special educational needs (SEN) and how these students could be included in school guidance. This study examines teachers' narratives of the inclusivity of school guidance. The study was qualitative, being a case study of a Hong Kong secondary school. School documents…

Hue, Ming-tak

2012-01-01

211

Teaching Case: Enterprise Architecture Specification Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A graduate course in enterprise architecture had a team project component in which a real-world business case, provided by an industry sponsor, formed the basis of the project charter and the architecture statement of work. The paper aims to share the team project experience on developing the architecture specifications based on the business case

Steenkamp, Annette Lerine; Alawdah, Amal; Almasri, Osama; Gai, Keke; Khattab, Nidal; Swaby, Carval; Abaas, Ramy

2013-01-01

212

"The ickiness factor:" case study of an unconventional psychotherapeutic approach to pediatric OCD.  

PubMed

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a complex condition with biological, genetic, and psychosocial causes. Traditional evidence-based treatments include cognitive-behavioural therapy, either alone or in combination with serotonin-specific reuptake inhibitors (SSRI's), other serotonergic agents, or atypical antipsychotics. These treatments, however, often do not lead to remission, and therefore, it is crucial to explore other less conventional therapeutic approaches. This paper describes a case study in which psychodynamic, narrative, existential, and metaphor therapy in combination with more conventional treatments led to a dramatic remission of severe OCD in a 12 year old hospitalized on a psychiatric inpatient unit. The paper, which is written partly in the form of a story to demonstrate on a meta-level the power of narrative, is also intended to illustrate the challenges of countertransference in the treatment of patients with severe OCD, and the ways in which a reparative therapeutic alliance can lead to unexpected and vital change. PMID:24818457

Dembo, Justine S

2014-01-01

213

Pathology Case Study: Sensory Abnormalities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center has compiled a wide range of pathology case studies to aid students and instructors in the medical/health science field. This particular case focuses on a 30-year-old man with a history of focal numbness, bladder and bowel dysfunction, and progressive sensory abnormalities. The patientâÂÂs history, images from an MRI, microscopic images of a specimen collected during his laminectomy, and final diagnosis are provided in this case for your review. Students will find this resource especially helpful, as it provides experience with patient history, lab results, and diagnostics.

Duggal, Neil; Hammond, Robert R.; Lownie, Steven P.; Smith, Sharyn

2007-12-10

214

Case Study: Sex and Vaccination  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This case study is centered upon the recent debate concerning the decision by Texas Governor Rick Perry to mandate the compulsory vaccination of girls in the Texas public school system against the human papillomavirus (HPV) prior to entering the sixth grade. The interrupted case method is particularly appropriate for this subject with the case sections providing a general overview of the disease, the reasons for such a mandatory vaccination program, the reasons against such a program, and finally a disclosure of what ultimately transpired in Texas.

Herreid, Clyde F.; Zavrel, Erik

2008-05-01

215

Narrative Therapies with Children and Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through transcripts and case examples this book explores how drama, art, play, and humor can be used to engage children of different ages in therapy and to honor their idiosyncratic language, knowledge, and perspectives. Chapters are: (1) "Introduction: Comparing Traditional Therapies with Narrative Approaches" (C. Smith); (2) "'I Am a Bear':…

Smith, Craig, Ed.; Nylund, David, Ed.

216

The Case Files: Case Studies for Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This thirty-page booklet was written by Mark E. Walls and Sydney Rogers during SEATEC which preceded The Case Files project. The conceptual underpinnings for the Case Files project are described in detail in this foundational document. Charts, diagrams and other visual representations help to better illustrate the topics discussed in the paper. References to external resources are provided at the back-end of this lesson. The document is available in pdf format.

Rogers, Sydney; Wall, Mark E.

2009-06-22

217

Narrative, Poststructuralism, and Social Justice: Current Practices in Narrative Therapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a review of current practice in narrative therapy with a focus on how it is attractive and useful for therapists who wish to work for social justice. The authors describe narrative therapy's roots in poststructuralist philosophy and social science. They illustrate its major theoretical constructs, including the "narrative metaphor,"…

Combs, Gene; Freedman, Jill

2012-01-01

218

Narrating Disability, Narrating Religious Practice: Reconciliation and Fragile X Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the place of religion in the narratives of mothers of children with fragile X syndrome. In semistructured interviews, a majority of women combined narratives of religious practice with illness narratives, interpreting their children's disabilities within a religious framework. Informed by Arthur Frank's (1995) concept of…

Michie, Marsha; Skinner, Debra

2010-01-01

219

"Response to Comments": Finding the Narrative in Narrative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author responds to comments by Barone (2009), Clandinin and Murphy (2009), and M. W. Smith (2009) on "The Construction Zone: Literary Elements in Narrative Research" (Coulter & M. L. Smith, 2009). She clarifies issues regarding point of view, authorial surplus, narrative coherence, and the relational qualities of narrative research. She…

Coulter, Cathy A.

2009-01-01

220

Case Studies in Business Ethics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The most recent guide from Inc.com offers case studies in business ethics and includes coverage of businesses striving to become more environmentally aware, provide community growth, and activate global change. One of the case studies follows Fetzer Vineyards, a California winery committed to reducing its own waste; another describes the way that the Philadelphia restaurant White Dog Cafe donates ten percent of its $4.4 million profit to a variety of nonprofit organizations. The case studies are generally quite short and easy to read; additionally, they link to several online polls that test users's business ethics skills. For more information on Guides @ Inc.com, see the August 10, 2000 Scout Report for Business and Economics.

221

Case Studies in Climate Change  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended to be taught in an AP environmental science introductory unit and consists of 5 case studies. APES students choose one case based on their interest and work in a group to complete. Each case study includes an introduction with a news article or op-ed piece to start students thinking about their own opinions on the issue. Students then have time to research and build their background knowledge. Labs or activities are included to introduce students to methods used by scientists to study issues such as dendrochronology or ice core analysis. Students then analyze a real world set of data and create a presentation to present their findings to their class. Presentations include conclusions and recommendations for action to help solve the issue.

2012-01-01

222

A narrative approach to explore grief experiences and treatment adherence in people with chronic pain after participation in a pain-management program: a 6-year follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Objective The aim of this study was to explore grief caused by chronic pain and treatment adherence, and how these experiences are integrated into ongoing life stories. Methods A 6-year follow-up using a qualitative mixed-methods design based on written narratives and image narratives was performed. Five women suffering from chronic pain comprised the purposive sample. They had completed an 8-week group pain-management program with two follow-ups, and thereafter continued as a self-help group. A narrative approach was used to analyze the written and image narratives guided by three analytic steps. Results Findings showed that experiences of grief over time were commonly associated with chronic pain. The participants’ past experiences reflected their grief at having to abandon jobs and social networks, and revealed loneliness and despair. The present life situation seemed to reflect adaptation, and hope for the future had been established. Overall, forward progression means an ongoing struggle towards a reintegrated body and a meaningful life. Conclusion Through such narratives, health-care workers can identify treatment adherence related to grief and pain, and learn how people might regain their lives beyond using traditional interviews. PMID:23990710

Dysvik, Elin; Natvig, Gerd Karin; Furnes, Bodil

2013-01-01

223

Narrative disclosure of corporate social responsibility in Islamic financial institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study aims to examine the influence of Islam on corporate social responsibility (CSR) and corporate social responsibility disclosure (CSRD) in Islamic financial institutions (IFIs) with a focus on an analysis of narrative reporting. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Using content analysis, this study analyzes the narrative disclosures of corporate social responsibility of 21 IFIs operating in the Gulf region. Findings

Zakaria Ali Aribi; Simon S. Gao

2012-01-01

224

Depression: The Differing Narratives of Couples in Couple Therapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How does the spouse of a person with depression take part in constructing narratives of depression in couple therapy? In this study we examined couples' ways of co-constructing narratives of depression in couple therapy. Three couple therapy processes were chosen for the study, one spouse in each couple having been referred to an outpatient clinic…

Rautiainen, Eija-Liisa; Aaltonen, Jukka

2010-01-01

225

Adult Age Differences in Autobiographical Reasoning in Narratives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies examined age differences in autobiographical reasoning within narratives about personal experiences. In Study 1 (n = 63), people completed brief interviews about turning points and crises in their lives. Older participants were more likely to narrate crises in ways that connected the experience to the speaker's sense of self, that is,…

Pasupathi, Monisha; Mansour, Emma

2006-01-01

226

Using Narratives in Healthcare Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Narratives convey feelings and communicate ideas that the listener needs to hear. As such, they make powerful tools in all endeavors of human interaction. The use of narratives has been especially successful in educational settings. The time has come for the patient narrative to take back its rightful place after having been displaced in the name of managed care and

Nieli Langer; Marie Ribarich

2008-01-01

227

Narrative Discourse and Management Action.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that narrative discourse helped a management team resolve conflict, influence corporate decisions, and unify the group. Argues managers' preference for collectively constructed narrative reasoning reflected their beliefs that narrative conveyed contextual complexities and helped interpret other types of evidence. Shows how through…

Jameson, Daphne A.

2001-01-01

228

What Makes a Narrative Memorable?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Factors affecting the memorableness of 228 children's personal narratives were examined by requesting incidental free recall of the narratives from 116 subjects. Narratives with sensational content were recalled more frequently than nonsensational ones, indicating the major contribution of content to memorableness. Highpoint structural…

McCabbe, Allyssa; Peterson, Carole

1990-01-01

229

Using Narratives in Healthcare Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Narratives convey feelings and communicate ideas that the listener needs to hear. As such, they make powerful tools in all endeavors of human interaction. The use of narratives has been especially successful in educational settings. The time has come for the patient narrative to take back its rightful place after having been displaced in the name…

Langer, Nieli; Ribarich, Marie

2009-01-01

230

Pathology Case Study: Postmenopausal Bleeding  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This gynecologic pathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. This case involves 57-year-old female with postmenopausal bleeding. The patientâÂÂs history, and results from a pelvic ultrasound are included in the case study to aid in the understanding of the final diagnosis. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâÂÂs findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâÂÂs conditions.

Chen, Lei; Kanbour, Anisa; Kessinger, Rovena L.

2008-12-15

231

The Evolution of Luz: A Case Study of Gendered Tensions of Romance and Domesticity in the Life of a Former Migrant, Chicana College Student  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a case study of a Chicana former migrant in her first year of college through CAMP (College Assistance Migrant Program), and how she negotiated the challenges of family, romance, and the desire to reach her goals. Through narrative analysis, the authors examine the thoughts, words, and experiences of Luz's life to provide insight to…

Reyes, Reynaldo, III; Valles, Estella; Salinas, Cinthia

2011-01-01

232

Narrative Necklaces ... and beyond  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author personally started making narrative collaged necklaces about 10 years ago, after being inspired by an artist friend. She would take mini images from magazines and collage them together onto laminate tile samples from a hardware store. She then adds colorful brads and stickers, and then paint and oil pastel over them, finally sealing…

West, Debi

2012-01-01

233

POST?CLASSICAL NARRATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The existence or not of a post?classical cinema has been a highly contested issue among film theorists for a very long time. This paper uses historical poetics as a method and conceptual artillery to delineate the basic principles of a new historical mode of narration that justifies the use of the term ‘post?classical’. With the help of the close textual

Eleftheria Thanouli

2006-01-01

234

Visualization rhetoric: framing effects in narrative visualization.  

PubMed

Narrative visualizations combine conventions of communicative and exploratory information visualization to convey an intended story. We demonstrate visualization rhetoric as an analytical framework for understanding how design techniques that prioritize particular interpretations in visualizations that "tell a story" can significantly affect end-user interpretation. We draw a parallel between narrative visualization interpretation and evidence from framing studies in political messaging, decision-making, and literary studies. Devices for understanding the rhetorical nature of narrative information visualizations are presented, informed by the rigorous application of concepts from critical theory, semiotics, journalism, and political theory. We draw attention to how design tactics represent additions or omissions of information at various levels-the data, visual representation, textual annotations, and interactivity-and how visualizations denote and connote phenomena with reference to unstated viewing conventions and codes. Classes of rhetorical techniques identified via a systematic analysis of recent narrative visualizations are presented, and characterized according to their rhetorical contribution to the visualization. We describe how designers and researchers can benefit from the potentially positive aspects of visualization rhetoric in designing engaging, layered narrative visualizations and how our framework can shed light on how a visualization design prioritizes specific interpretations. We identify areas where future inquiry into visualization rhetoric can improve understanding of visualization interpretation. PMID:22034342

Hullman, Jessica; Diakopoulos, Nicholas

2011-12-01

235

Pathology Case Study: Lumbosacral Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology where a boy aged 2 years presented with a swelling beneath the skin of the lower back, incontinence, bilateral leg weakness and a history of bilateral hip dislocation at birth. The case study provides imaging studies and histopathology in order to allow the user the opportunity to diagnose the patient. Clicking on the final diagnosis link will provide users with a discussion of the actual diagnosis along with important learning points as well as a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to develop a diagnosis. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

Ellison, David W.; Ibrahim, A. E.; Lang, D. A.; Myles, L.

2009-04-10

236

Becoming a Teacher: Using Narrative as Reflective Practice. A Cross-Disciplinary Approach. Counterpoints: Studies in the Postmodern Theory of Education. Volume 411  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Becoming a Teacher" revisits the concept of Teacher Lore (Schubert and Ayers, 1992), by providing a cross-disciplinary approach linking elements of narrative theory to all aspects of pre- and in-service teaching. In essence, it embraces the notion that what teachers say matters. The rationale behind this text is the idea that narrative can not…

Blake, Robert W., Jr., Ed.; Blake, Brett Elizabeth, Ed.

2012-01-01

237

Understanding the Person through Narrative  

PubMed Central

Mental health nurses need to know their clients at depth, and to comprehend their social contexts in order to provide holistic care. Knowing persons through their stories, narratives they tell, provides contextual detail and person-revealing characteristics that make them individuals. Narratives are an everyday means of communicating experience, and there is a place for storytelling in nearly all cultures. Thus narrative is a culturally congruent way to ascertain and understand experiences. This means the nurse should ask questions such as “How did that come about?” versus why questions. A narrative approach stands in contrast to a yes/no algorithmic process in conversing with clients. Eliciting stories illustrates the social context of events, and implicitly provides answers to questions of feeling and meaning. Here we include background on narrative, insights from narrative research, and clinical wisdom in explaining how narratively understanding the person can improve mental health nursing services. Implications for theory, practice, and research are discussed. PMID:21994820

Hall, Joanne M.; Powell, Jill

2011-01-01

238

Narrative Discourse in Bilingual Children: Language and Task Effects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study investigated the effect of language on Spanish-English bilingual children's production of narrative samples elicited in two ways. Method: Twelve bilingual (Spanish-English-speaking) children ranging in age from 4;0 (years;months) to 6;11 who were fluent speakers of English as a second language produced two narratives--one…

Fiestas, Christine E.; Pena, Elizabeth D.

2004-01-01

239

Narrative Analysis: Exploring Experiences of Observational Drawing and Dyspraxia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Narrative analysis offers a powerful and accessible means of understanding the ways in which individuals experience learning across a range of educational sites. Drawing on a recent study that explored "dyspraxic" pupils' experiences of drawing from observation, this paper offers an insight into the potential that narrative analysis has for…

Penketh, Claire

2011-01-01

240

Narrative Performance and Parental Scaffolding of Shy and Nonshy Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined differences in performance between 20 shy and 20 matched nonshy children on a narrative task and in the way parents scaffolded their narrative performance when reading the wordless book "Frog, Where Are You", by Mercer Mayer. Consistent with previous research, results demonstrated that shy children spoke less than their nonshy…

Reynolds, Kailey Pearl; Evans, Mary Ann

2009-01-01

241

Dialect-Neutral Indices of Narrative Cohesion and Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study compared the development of essential elements of narrative skill in children from African American English (AAE)- and general American English (GAE)-speaking communities using an innovative elicitation and evaluation protocol consisting of four key indices of narrative language: (a) reference contrasting, (b) temporal…

Burns, Frances A.; de Villiers, Peter A.; Pearson, Barbara Z.; Champion, Tempii B.

2012-01-01

242

What Is Adolescence?: Adolescents Narrate Their Lives in Lima, Peru  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the lives of Peruvian adolescents in a low-income human settlement outside of Lima. Twenty 12-17 year olds were asked to narrate their own life stories using the life history narrative research method. Holistic content analysis was coupled with a grounded-theory approach to explore these data. Intergenerational responsibility,…

Bayer, Angela M.; Gilman, Robert H.; Tsui, Amy O.; Hindin, Michelle J.

2010-01-01

243

Narrative and the social construction of adulthood.  

PubMed

This chapter develops three points of elaboration and theoretical expansion upon Cohler's (1982) treatise on personal narrative and life course. First, we highlight Cohler's emphasis on an interpretive, idiographic approach to the study of lives and reveal the radicalism of this approach, particularly in its ability to interrogate the lived experience of social categorization. Second, we link Cohler's position directly to cultural-historical activity theory (CHAT) and consider the link between inner and social speech through the idea of narrative engagement. Finally, following Cohler's life course perspective on human development, we suggest that adulthood is best conceived as a cultural discourse to which individuals orient their personal narratives through a dynamic process of narrative engagement rather than a clearly demarcated life stage. Emerging adulthood is linked to cultural and economic processes of globalization in the 21st century and challenges static notions of social roles traditionally associated with compulsory heterosexuality (e.g., marriage and parenthood). Narrative processes in emerging adulthood occur through both situated storytelling and the formation of a life story that provides coherence and social meaning, both of which have key implications for social stasis and change. PMID:25251509

Hammack, Phillip L; Toolis, Erin

2014-09-01

244

Change in Psychotherapy: A Dialogical Analysis Single-Case Study of a Patient with Bulimia Nervosa  

PubMed Central

Starting from the critical review of various motivational frameworks of change that have been applied to the study of eating disorders, the present paper provides an alternative conceptualization of the change in psychotherapy presenting a single-case study. We analyzed six psychotherapeutic conversations with a bulimic patient and found out narratives “for” and “against” change. We read them in terms of tension between dominance and exchange in I-positions, as described by Hermans. These results indicate that the dialogical analysis of clinical discourse may be a useful method to investigate change from the beginning to the end of therapy. PMID:23233845

Salvini, Alessandro; Faccio, Elena; Mininni, Giuseppe; Romaioli, Diego; Cipolletta, Sabrina; Castelnuovo, Gianluca

2012-01-01

245

Pathology Case Study: Lymphoplasmacytic Infiltrate  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This hematopathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. This case involves a 40-year-old woman presenting with a nodule in the skin on the left jaw line. Images from a biopsy of the nodule provide conclusive information that contributes to the patientâÂÂs diagnosis. A description of these images, and the patientâÂÂs immunohistochemistry and molecular studies are also provided. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâÂÂs findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâÂÂs conditions.

Whisnant, Richard

2009-06-12

246

Five Misunderstandings About CaseStudy Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines five common misunderstandings about case-study research: (a) theoretical knowledge is more valuable than practical knowledge; (b) one cannot generalize from a single case, therefore, the single-case study cannot contribute to scientific development; (c) the case study is most useful for generating hypotheses, whereas other methods are more suitable for hypotheses testing and theory building; (d) the case

Bent Flyvbjerg; M S Sridhar

2006-01-01

247

A Formalism For A Case Study In The Watertime Project: The City Water System In Grenoble, From Privatization To Remunicipalization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The formal representation for legal or other narratives as introduced by Nissan (2001; 2002; 2003a; 2003b; 2003d; 2003a is adapted to the analysis of a case study in WaterTime, a project developed by David Hall and his collaborators in view of the development of a decision model for policy making, concerning the privatization of city water systems throughout the European

Ephraim Nissan; David Hall; Emanuele Lobina; Robin De La Motte

2004-01-01

248

Eco Audit Bottle Case Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

10 minute excerpt from a web seminar with Mike Ashby (February 2011) describes a case study that can be used to introduce sustainability concepts to introductory level students. Based on Powerpoint lecture unit 12 which can also be found on the Granta Design site at http://teaching.grantadesign.com/open/eco.htm or on MatDL at http://matdl.org/repository/view/matdl:1058.

Ashby, Mike

2011-02-01

249

Pathology Case Study: Visual Disturbances  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a neuropathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 49 year old woman has visual disturbances. Visitors are given the microscopic description, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

Bilbao, Juan M., 1938-; Horvath, Eva, Ph.D.; Kovacs, Kalman; Syro, Luis; Uribe, Humberto; Vidal, Sergio

2009-08-18

250

Career Counselling an African Immigrant Student in a USA School Setting: Merging Transition Theory with a Narrative Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A global professional discourse has emerged among career specialists inviting a critical examination of conventional career theory and calling for innovative, postmodern approaches that capture the complex, unique and evolving needs of diverse and disadvantaged students. Using a narrative case study the authors evaluate and describe the…

Mims, M. J.; Mims, G. A.; Newland, L. A.

2009-01-01

251

The Effects of Stimulant Medication on the Online Story Narrations of Children with ADHD  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study investigated the inclusion of goal-based story events in the online story narrations of children with attention\\u000a deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as compared with their peers, and explored the effect of stimulant medication on the\\u000a narrations in children with ADHD. Children completed a narration task on two separate occasions. Children with ADHD (n = 17) completed one narration on medication

Karen J. Derefinko; Ursula L. Bailey; Richard Milich; Elizabeth P. Lorch; Elizabeth Riley

2009-01-01

252

Literacy & Libraries: Learning from Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents 22 personal narratives in which library directors, program administrators, teachers, tutors, librarians, and adult learners explain firsthand how literacy programs at libraries across the United States have changed people's lives. The following narratives are included: "Gloria's Story: 'She Wanted Me to Be Somebody'"; A Learner…

DeCandido, GraceAnne A., Ed.

253

Commonalities and Variegations: Notes on the Maturation of the Field of Narrative Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author of this essay comments upon the contents of the other articles in this issue of The Journal of Educational Research. He locates both similarities and differences within several dimensions of narrative research by the authors of these articles. These dimensions relate to: the definition(s) of narrative research, decisions about whose experiences are worthy of study by narrative researchers

Tom Barone

2009-01-01

254

Transportation Into Narrative Worlds: The Role of Prior Knowledge and Perceived Realism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Transportation into a narrative world" (Green & Brock, 2000, 2002) has been identified as a mechanism of narrative impact. A transported individual is cognitively and emotionally involved in the story and may experience vivid mental images. In the study reported here, undergraduate participants (N = 152) read a narrative about a homosexual man…

Green, Melanie C.

2004-01-01

255

Diverse Students with Learning Disabilities: Building Coherence in Personal and Fictional Narratives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared oral personal and fictional narratives of diverse (African American and Caucasian) students with and without learning disabilities. Naturalistic conversation with embedded narrative prompts and supports provided the context for narrative elicitation. The participants were 82 fourth to seventh graders from urban and suburban…

Celinska, Dorota K.

2010-01-01

256

Does Santa Exist? Children's Everyday Narratives as Dynamic Meeting Places in a Day Care Centre Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article attempts to answer the question: What is the nature of children's everyday narratives in a day care centre context? The theoretical framework of this study is based on a narrative approach. The research material was gathered through applying the methodology of narrative ethnography. The article is based on observational material…

Puroila, Anna-Maija; Estola, Eila; Syrjala, Leena

2012-01-01

257

Narrative and Rhetorical Approaches to Problems of Education. Jerome Bruner and Kenneth Burke Revisited  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last few decades there has been a strong narrative "turn" within the humanities and social sciences in general and educational studies in particular. Especially Jerome Bruner's theory of narrative as a specific "mode of knowing" was very important for this growing body of work. To understand how the narrative mode works Bruner proposes to…

Rutten, Kris; Soetaert, Ronald

2013-01-01

258

Task Design and Second Language Performance: The Effect of Narrative Type on Learner Output  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a study examining how narrative structure and narrative complexity might influence the performance of second language learners. Forty learners of English in London and sixty learners in Teheran were asked to retell cartoon stories from picture prompts. Each performed two of four narrative tasks that had different degrees of…

Tavakoli, Parvaneh; Foster, Pauline

2008-01-01

259

Narrative elaboration and participation: two dimensions of maternal elicitation style.  

PubMed

This study investigated the narrative scaffolding styles of Spanish-speaking and English-speaking mothers as they engaged their preschool-aged children in family reminiscing and book sharing interactions. Specifically, the study examined the dimensions of narrative elaboration and participation in mothers' scaffolding styles across the 2 narrative tasks. Cluster analyses identified 2 styles of maternal scaffolding for each context, differing in the degree to which mothers elaborated, the manner in which they did so, and the extent to which they encouraged child participation. Findings highlight the importance of both narrative elaboration and narrative participation as defining dimensions of maternal scaffolding styles. Results are discussed in relation to variations in socialization practices and the role these practices might play in children's development. PMID:21557744

Melzi, Gigliana; Schick, Adina R; Kennedy, Joy L

2011-01-01

260

Pathology Case Study: Cushing's Syndrome  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center has compiled a wide range of pathology case studies to aid students and instructors in the medical/health science field. This particular case involves a 41 year-old woman experiencing the following symptoms for a period of 18 months: fatigue, weakness, lethargy, and decreased concentration. The patientâ??s history, description of CT scans, and images from histological examinations, which contributed to the conclusive diagnosis, are all provided here for your review. The contributing doctors provide a detailed discussion of the patientâ??s condition in the â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť section. Students will find this resource especially helpful, as it provides experience with patient history, lab results, and diagnostics.

Dacic, Sanja

261

Pathology Case Study: Respiratory Distress  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This cardiovascular pathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. A 72-year-old female experiencing respiratory distress is the focus of this case. The patientâÂÂs history, gross description, and microscopic description of test results are provided to aid readers in understanding the patientâÂÂs diagnosis. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâÂÂs findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâÂÂs conditions.

Ariyanayagam-Baksh, Shashi

2009-05-07

262

Pathology Case Study: Cervicomedullary Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center has compiled a wide range of pathology case studies to aid students and instructors in learning. This neuropathology case is centered on a 22-month-old female patient with a history of posterior neck discomfort, episodic crying, scratching, and hard coughing. MRI images of the patient along with the patient's history and microscopic descriptions allow readers to test their diagnostic skills and develop an understanding of the patient's condition. The "Final Diagnosis" section contains the official conclusions of the patient's condition. Students entering health sciences fields will find this resource very helpful, as it provides experience with patient history, lab results and diagnostics.

Hamilton, Ronald

2007-10-16

263

The Case: Generalisation, Theory and Phronesis in Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arguments for the value of case study are vitiated by assumptions about the need for generalisation in the warrant of social scientific inquiry--and little generalisation is legitimate from case study, although an argument exists for the role of the case in the establishment of a form of generalisation in a certain kind of theory, a line of…

Thomas, Gary

2011-01-01

264

Dilophosaurus!: A Narrated Exhibition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This guided tour of the dinosaur known as Dilophosaurus is narrated by the discoverer of Dilophosaurus, Sam Welles, formerly a professor at the University of California Museum of Paleontology (UCMP). Links lead to Dr. Wells' description of the discovery, as well as the morphology and habits of the creature. He also compares and contrasts the real animal with the one shown in the movie Jurassic Park. In addition there is a link to a more detailed discussion of the taxonomy of the dinosaur.

265

Case study research: design and methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Providing a complete portal to the world of case study research, the Fourth Edition of Robert K. Yin's bestselling text Case Study Research offers comprehensive coverage of the design and use of the case study method as a valid research tool. This thoroughly revised text now covers more than 50 case studies (approximately 25\\\\% new), gives fresh attention to quantitative

Robert K. Yin; M S Sridhar

2009-01-01

266

Good Practice case studies New Forest District  

E-print Network

Good Practice case studies MOSAIC New Forest District 1. Protected Characteristic category Race://www.mosaicnationalparks.org/ 1 | Good practice case studies | Equality and Diversity | 14/02/2012 #12;Good Practice case studies 2 | Good practice case studies | Equality and Diversity | 14/02/2012 visits to key FC recreational

267

Sustainable Development: Case Studies & Lessons Learned  

E-print Network

Sustainable Development: Case Studies & Lessons Learned Prepared For City of Rosemount UMore DEVENS ECO-INDUSTRIAL PARK MADELIA CONCLUSION COMPREHENSIVE CASE STUDIES TOPIC-SPECIFIC CASE STUDIES of the case studies is to provide the University of Minnesota and the City of Rosemount a guide

Netoff, Theoden

268

Good Practice case studies Interpreted practical  

E-print Network

Good Practice case studies Interpreted practical conservation Sherwood Forest District 1. Protected wellbeing. It is hoped 1 | Good practice case studies | Equality and Diversity | 14/02/2012 #12;Good Practice case studies 2 | Good practice case studies | Equality and Diversity | 14/02/2012 the group

269

Case Study: An Unusual Case of Animal Reproduction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate and graduate students in biology and can be adapted for anatomy, physiology, and/or anatomy and physiology courses. In particular this case study explores anatomy and physiology associated with reproductive biology. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Joann B Powell (Clark Atlanta University Biological Sciences)

2011-12-08

270

Case Study: A Case of Seasonal Affective Disorder  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy, physiology, and/or anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores anatomy and physiology associated with seasonal affective disorder (retina, pineal gland, melatonin). Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

David Dean (Spring Hill College Biology)

2004-10-29

271

Pathology Case Study: Renal Failure  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 36-year-old man has had two kidney transplants. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in transplant pathology.

Richert, Charles A.

272

Pathology Case Study: Liver Transplant  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 34-year-old is experiencing complications following a liver transplant. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in transplant pathology.

Richert, Charles A.

273

Pathology Case Study: Abdominal Pain  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 72-year-old man has abdominal pain, anorexia, and weight loss but no significant past medical history. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in autopsy pathology.

Nine, Jeff S.; Weir, Ed

2007-12-03

274

Pathology Case Study: Abdominal Pain  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 65-year-old man is complaining of abdominal pain. Visitors are given the radiology, gross and microscopic descriptions, flow cytometry, and molecular diagnostics, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in hematopathology.

Latulippe, Steven; Ohori, N. P.

2007-12-05

275

Pathology Case Study: Macrocytic Anemia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which an older man suffering from chronic bronchitis and macrocytic anemia also developed persistent flu symptoms. Visitors view the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in hematopathology.

Bahler, David

276

Pathology Case Study: Renal Insufficiency  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 74-year-old man has been referred to the hospital for renal insufficiency complicating scleroderma. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in renal pathology.

Bastacky, Sheldon

277

Pathology Case Study: Maculopapular Rash  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 38-year-old woman with a history of morbid obesity and gastric bypass surgery complains of fatigue, sore throat, and rash. Visitors are given the physical examination results and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in dermatologic pathology.

Flynn, Kevin J.

278

Pathology Case Study: Chronic Sinusitis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man reported a history of chronic sinusitis that was not responding to nasal and antibiotic treatments. Visitors can view both microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of head and neck pathology.

Becich, Michael J.; Fowler, Jason C.

2008-04-28

279

Pathology Case Study: Abdominal Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which an older woman developed a renal mass without evidence of angiomyolipoma. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in endocrine pathology.

Hardy, Hunter T.

2008-10-16

280

Pathology Case Study: Testicular Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 18-year-old male with "painless enlargement of the right testes over a period of several months, initially attributed to a sports injury." Visitors are given admission data along with gross and microscopic description, including images and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in genitourinary pathology.

Fowler, Jason C.; Halpern, Melissa B.; Rao, Uma N.

2008-08-19

281

Pathology Case Study: Renal Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a pediatric pathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 19-month-old boy has a renal mass. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pediatric pathology.

Christakos, Peter; Dickman, Paul S.

2009-08-17

282

Pathology Case Study: Mediastinal Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man complained of diaphoresis nausea and substernal chest pain through his left arm. Subsequent tests revealed a mediastinal mass with both fatty and solid components. Visitors can view both microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of soft tissue pathology.

Fowler, Jason C.; Rao, Uma N.

2008-12-25

283

Pathology Case Study: Pigmented Lesion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 69-year-old man has a pigmented lesion on his right ear. Visitors are given the patient history and microscopic description, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in dermatologic pathology.

Ejadi, Samuel

2007-09-12

284

Pathology Case Study: Renal Insufficiency  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man presented with chronic renal insufficiency, congestive heart failure, and diarrhea. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, immunofluorescence, electron microscopy, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in renal pathology.

Bastacky, Sheldon

285

Pathology Case Study: Transfusion Reaction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man with a history of renal failure complained of hemorrhoidal bleeding. Visitors are given charts, test results, transfusion information and patient history, to provide the opportunity for viewers to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in transfusion pathology.

Kohler, Lisa J.

286

Pathology Case Study: Intrasellar Lesion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 59-year-old woman with a three-year history of headache and fatigue is determined to have an intrasellar non contrast-enhancing lesion. Visitors are given the clinical history and microscopic description, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

Deckert, Martina; Hans, Volkmar H.; Kristof, Rudolf A.; Urbach, Horst

2009-03-04

287

Pathology Case Study: Cervical Adenopathy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 78-year-old male who presented with a 6 month history of cervical adenopathy. Visitors are given patient history, microscopic description, differential diagnosis, and immunohistochemistry, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in hematopathology.

Craig, Fiona; Krishnamurti, Uma

2008-03-27

288

Pathology Case Study: Gait Disorders  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 62-year-old woman with a 20-year history of gait disorders and dizziness. Visitors are given patient history, laboratory findings, along with microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

2009-04-21

289

Pathology Case Study: Pancreatic Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Utah Department of Pathology in which a woman developed jaundice while on vacation. Subsequent testing revealed a pancreatic mass. Visitors can view both microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of autopsy pathology.

Klatt, Edward C., 1951-

2008-12-31

290

Pathology Case Study: Rectal Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a clinical microbiology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 78-year-old man has rectal adenocarcinoma. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in clinical microbiology.

Horn, Kevin D.; Pasculle, A. W.; Rao, Uma N.

2008-11-26

291

Pathology Case Study: Dilated Cardiomyopathy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man presented with a large range of symptoms from chills and fever to underdeveloped calf muscles. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in cardiovascular pathology.

Defrances, Marie C.; Lee, Robert E.

2008-05-14

292

Pathology Case Study: Pancreatic Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 72-year-old man with a history of prostatic adenocarcinoma is presented with left flank pain. Gross and microscopic images and descriptions of a needle biopsy of the pancreas are provided in the â??Preoperative Studiesâ?ť section. A â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť section is also found here, which includes a detailed description of the condition from the contributing doctors. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions.

Deal, Karen

293

Pathology Case Study: Back Pain  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 62-year-old woman who presented with two months of back pain. Visitors are given patient history, laboratory findings, along with gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pulmonary pathology.

Lu, Zhengbin; Schoedel, Karen

2009-04-17

294

Narrative and the Social Construction of Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter develops three points of elaboration and theoretical expansion upon Cohler's (1982) treatise on personal narrative and life course. First, we highlight Cohler's emphasis on an interpretive, idiographic approach to the study of lives and reveal the radicalism of this approach, particularly in its ability to interrogate the…

Hammack, Phillip L.; Toolis, Erin

2014-01-01

295

Narrative Significations of Contemporary Black Girlhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines how Black girlhood is constructed through fiction. The following research question guided this study: How do writers represent the heterogeneity of urban teenage girls in school-sanctioned African American young adult literature? Five popular narratives that exemplify the contemporary lives of urban African American female…

Brooks, Wanda; Sekayi, Dia; Savage, Lorraine; Waller, Ellyn; Picot, Iresha

2010-01-01

296

Before and After: An Exploration into Narrative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a project about narrative in art that combines a study of art history with art reproductions. Explains that the students create before and after pictures on postcards for famous works of art. States that students were asked to choose an artist such as Norman Rockwell, Edward Gorey, or Jonathan Green. (CMK)

Clark, Kelly

2003-01-01

297

Narrative Ability in Children with Cerebral Palsy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a previous study a group of children with cerebral palsy (CP) were found to have considerable difficulties with narratives, performing several standard deviations below the criteria for the Information score of the Bus Story Test (BST). To examine in depth the performance of children with CP and a control group with typically developing (TD)…

Holck, Pernille; Sandberg, Annika Dahlgren; Nettelbladt, Ulrika

2011-01-01

298

Rural and Urban Teaching Experiences: Narrative Expressions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative exploration of rural and urban teaching experiences encapsulates the experiences of 8 Western Canadian teachers. A literature review outlines the benefits and challenges of rural and urban education. Stemming from narrative inquiry data, I present the study's results in the form of two composite stories, which depict the lived…

Preston, Jane P.

2012-01-01

299

Case Study: Wearing on Her Nerves  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy and/or physiology. In particular this case study explores the nervous and muscular system . Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Kathleen Brown (CUNY Queensborough Community College Nursing/Massage Therapy)

2011-05-23

300

Case Study: Brain vs. Spinal Cord  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for high school and undergraduate students in anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores anatomy of the cardiovascular and muscular systems. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Michael Hudecki (University of Buffalo Biological Sciences)

2000-08-31

301

Case Study: Wake-up Call  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy and/or physiology. In particular this case study explores the cardiovascular system . Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Lisa Marie Rubin (VA Western New York Health System Formulary Management)

2002-09-16

302

Narration and Narrative in L2 Speakers of Russian  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The researcher examined 54 oral proficiency interviews (OPIs) with L2 Russian speakers ranging from Intermediate High through Superior (predominantly Advanced Mid) for narrative as defined by Labov. Descriptors adapted from episodic analysis were also used. While the author found that OPIs provided relatively weak prompts for narrative, Superior…

Robin, Richard M.

2011-01-01

303

Autism as metaphor: narrative and counter?narrative  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we explore the significance of metaphor and dominant cultural narratives in current autism discourse. We briefly explore the history of metaphor in autism discourse, and outline the contemporary struggle between the culturally dominant metaphor of autism as disease and the emergent counter?narrative of autism within neurodiversity. We argue that metaphor serves very specific purposes in autism discourse,

Alicia A. Broderick; Ari Ne’eman

2008-01-01

304

Case Study: A Picture Worth a Thousand Words? Making a Case for Video Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A picture, they say, is worth a thousand words. If a mere picture is worth a thousand words, how much more are "moving pictures" or videos worth? The author poses this not merely as a rhetorical question, but because she wishes to make a case for using videos in the traditional case study method. She recommends four main approaches of…

Pai, Aditi

2014-01-01

305

Evaluating Mediated Perception of Narrative Health Messages: The Perception of Narrative Performance Scale  

PubMed Central

Narrative media health messages have proven effective in preventing adolescents’ substance use but as yet few measures exist to assess perceptions of them. Without such a measure it is difficult to evaluate the role these messages play in health promotion or to differentiate them from other message forms. In response to this need, a study was conducted to evaluate the Perception of Narrative Performance Scale that assesses perceptions of narrative health messages. A sample of 1185 fifth graders in public schools at Phoenix, Arizona completed a questionnaire rating of two videos presenting narrative substance use prevention messages. Confirmatory factor analyses were computed to identify the factor structure of the scale. Consistent with prior studies, results suggest a 3 factor structure for the Perception of Narrative Performance Scale: interest, realism, and identification (with characters). In addition, a path analysis was performed to test the predictive power of the scale. The analysis shows that the scale proves useful in predicting intent to use substances. Finally, practical implications and limitations are discussed. PMID:21822459

Lee, Jeong Kyu; Hecht, Michael L.; Miller-Day, Michelle; Elek, Elvira

2011-01-01

306

STS Case Study Development Support  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Shuttle Case Study Collection (SCSC) has been developed using lessons learned documented by NASA engineers, analysts, and contractors. The SCSC provides educators with a new tool to teach real-world engineering processes with the goal of providing unique educational materials that enhance critical thinking, decision-making and problem-solving skills. During this third phase of the project, responsibilities included: the revision of the Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML) source code to ensure all pages follow World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) standards, and the addition and edition of website content, including text, documents, and images. Basic HTML knowledge was required, as was basic knowledge of photo editing software, and training to learn how to use NASA's Content Management System for website design. The outcome of this project was its release to the public.

Rosa de Jesus, Dan A.; Johnson, Grace K.

2013-01-01

307

Pathology Case Study: Retroperitoneal Masses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains two case studies presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology: one in which a man was experiencing increased pain in his left flank over the course of three weeks, and the second one in which a women experiencing persistent right lower quadrant pain shows a retroperitoneal lesion on CT scan. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patients. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in soft tissue pathology.

Dorvault, Christine; Fernandes, Shaila; Yousem, Sam

2007-10-29

308

Pathology Case Study: Dog Bites  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 56-year-old male with a past medical history significant for lymphoma (in remission). The patient is a health care worker who presented to the emergency room because of a dog bite. Visitors are given a patient history and culture findings, including images. They are also given an opportunity to diagnose the patient before clicking on the "Final Diagnosis" section, which provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in clinical microbiology.

Iscoll, Eileen; Lourduraj, Leena T.; Pasculle, A. W.

2008-11-17

309

Pathology Case Study: Abdominal Distention  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 60-year-old woman who presented with a history of marked abdominal distention lasted for several months with associated progressive fatigue, progressive weight loss and fever. Visitors are given patient history along with gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in soft tissue pathology.

Rao, Uma N.; Sepulveda, Antonia; Yu, Hongbo

2009-03-18

310

Pathology Case Study: Stillborn Fetus  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology which presents a 29 year old Hispanic woman who delivered a stillborn fetus with a estimated gestation of 29 weeks. Visitors are provided with patient history along with gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in perinatal pathology.

Klatt, Edward C., 1951-; Mccune, Ryan

2008-12-08

311

Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Started in 2005, the peer-reviewed, open-access journal Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy (PCSP) provides "innovative, quantitative and qualitative knowledge about psychotherapy process and outcome, for both researchers and practitioners." The publication is sponsored by the Rutgers University Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology, and first-time visitors can get a feel for their work by looking over the table of contents of the current issue on the right-hand side of their homepage. Visitors should also feel free to browse through the archives, register to receive the latest edition of PCSP via email, and also learn about their submission policies. Additionally, visitors can also sign up for their RSS feed and create their own collection of PCSP articles.

312

Pathology Case Study: Bilateral Pneumonia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology which describes a 75 year old woman "with a past medical history of significant for a 6 month history of cryoglobulinemia with vasculitis, congestive heart failure, hypertension, cryptogenic cirrhosis, peripheral vascular disease, chronic renal insufficiency, anemia, degenerative joint disease, and diverticulitis." Visitors are provided with patient history, admission data, and microscopic findings (lung), including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in clinical microbiology.

Davie, James

313

Trisomy 18: a case study.  

PubMed

Trisomy 18 is a devastating genetic disorder that can be characterized by multiple congenital anomalies. Some of these anomalies have no medical significance, but merely provide clues to suggest the diagnosis. The most common form of trisomy 18 is the nondisjunction type, which affects every cell of the body with an extra chromosome 18. Mfected infants are typically born with a prominent occiput, short eye fissures with droopy eyelids, micrognathia, external ear variations, clenched fist with index finger overlapping the third finger and fifth finger overlapping the fourth, small fingernails and toenails, underdeveloped or altered thumbs, "rocker-bottom" feet, and redundant skin at the back of the neck. Congenital heart defects are common. The mortality rate among infants with trisomy 18 is high as a result of cardiac and renal malformations, feeding difficulties, sepsis, and central apnea caused by central nervous system defects. A case study is provided. PMID:18232589

Shaw, Jacquelyn

2008-01-01

314

Internal State Language in the Storybook Narratives of Children with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder: Investigating Relations to Theory of Mind Abilities.  

PubMed

The current study examines narratives elicited using a wordless picture book, focusing on language used to describe the characters' thoughts and emotions (i.e., internal state language, ISL). The sample includes 21 children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and 24 typically developing controls, matched on children's gender, IQ, as well as receptive and expressive vocabulary. This research had three major findings. First, despite equivalent performance on standardized language assessments, the volume of children's narratives (i.e., the number of utterances and words, the range of unique verbs and adjectives) was lower in children with ASD than in typically developing controls. Second, after controlling for narrative volume, the narratives of children with ASD were less likely to reference the characters' emotions than was the case for typically developing controls. Finally, our results revealed a specific association between children's use of emotion terms and their performance on a battery of experimental tasks evaluating children's Theory of Mind abilities. Implications for our understanding of narrative deficits in ASD as well as interventions that use narrative as a context for improving social comprehension are discussed. PMID:24748899

Siller, Michael; Swanson, Meghan R; Serlin, Gayle; George, Ann

2014-05-01

315

Enhancing Vocational Psychology Practice through Narrative Inquiry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recommends viewing life career development as a narrative that facilitates holistic construction of personal meanings. Provides guidelines for the development and use of career narratives in counseling. (SK)

Chen, Charles P.

2002-01-01

316

Communication Access to Conversational Narrative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes methods that have been developed to provide augmentative and alternative communication communicators with better access to narrative conversation. It begins by highlighting the need to provide access to conversational narrative for people with complex communication needs, arguing that this type of conversation plays an…

Waller, Annalu

2006-01-01

317

Illness narratives: fact or fiction?  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is currently considerable renewed interest in narrative analysis in the humanities, social sciences and medicine. Illness narratives, particularly those of patients or lay people, are a particular focus in health related settings. This paper discusses the background to this interest, especially its roots in critiques of medical dominance and distinctions between disease and illness, drawn by sociologists and anthropologists

Mike Bury

2001-01-01

318

An Ethics Primer: Case Studies Teaching Background  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource is a PDF that provides a short introduction to case studies and strategies having to do with Ethics instruction. The PDF describes an overview of case study methodology that can be used with a wide variety of scenarios.

2008-01-01

319

Case Study: The Chemistry of Cocaine  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This column provides original articles on innovations in case study teaching, assessment of the method, as well as case studies with teaching notes. This month's case study focuses on the chemistry of cocaine to teach a number of core concepts in organic chemistry. It also requires that students read and analyze an original research paper on…

Dewprashad, Brahmadeo

2011-01-01

320

Checklists for Software Engineering Case Study Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Case study is an important research methodology for software engineering. We have identified the need for checklists supporting researchers and reviewers in conducting and reviewing case studies. We derived checklists for researchers and reviewers respectively, using systematic qualitative procedures. Based on nine sources on case studies, checklists are derived and validated, and hereby presented for further use and improvement.

Martin Höst; Per Runeson

2007-01-01

321

Case Study: Protein Folding using Homotopy Methods  

E-print Network

Case Study: Protein Folding using Homotopy Methods james robert white Since the late 1990s. In this case study, we will use the Homotopy Optimization Method (HOM) to predict how chains of particles fold at the University of Maryland, and this case study parallels the experiments in his thesis. See pointer

O'Leary, Dianne P.

322

The Rise And Fall Of The Muslim Brotherhood In The Egyptian Revolution: The Interplay of Narrative And Other Factors  

E-print Network

This study examines the interplay of narrative and other factors in the rise and fall of the Muslim Brotherhood during the Egyptian Revolution. I hypothesize that narrative played a major role in the Muslim Brotherhoods ...

Tombaugh, William

2013-08-31

323

Narratives revealed: uncovering hidden conflict in professional relationships  

E-print Network

A qualitative narrative approach is used in this study of hidden conflict among nurses and support staff in a hospital setting. Twenty nurses and support staff from a single hospital nursing unit participated in in-depth interviews and shared...

Anstrand, Carrie Renee

2009-05-15

324

Pathology Case Study: Immunoglobulin Deficiency  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 60-year-old man was admitted to the Emergency Department with severe back pain. The patientâÂÂs medical history and detailed description of her symptoms after admittance to the hospital are included in the âÂÂPatient Historyâ section. Results from laboratory tests are also provided in a table. After looking at the âÂÂPatient Historyâ and âÂÂLaboratory Investigationsâ sections, students should proceed on to the âÂÂQuestionsâ section, where they can test their knowledge of diagnostics. Then test your answers with the official findings in the âÂÂDiagnosisâ section. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student knowledge of transfusion medicine.

Lopez-Plaza, Iliana; Nambiar, Ashok

2009-02-06

325

Concentrated photovoltaics, a case study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Concentrated Photovoltaics (CPV), once a niche technology, has now reached the maturity and reliability for large scale power generation. Especially in regions where temperatures are very high, the use of high efficiency triple junction solar cells with concentrating optics allows stable energy yield. Thus CPV can be seen as complementary and not in concurrence with silicon photovoltaics. The state of the art, the advantages and limitations of this technology will be shown. Among the main advantages of CPV is the possibility of a much higher energy supply, when compared to silicon photovoltaics, both comparing CPV and silicon with same area or the same installed power. The use of recycled and recyclable materials allows a more environmentally friendly production. The possibility to couple CPV with desalination facilities, energy storage will be analysed. As an example a case study of a CPV installation in Northern Italy is discussed. Here the use of mature technologies, derived from automotive and lighting sectors resulted in a simple and efficient module.

Antonini, Piergiorgio; Centro, Sandro; Golfetto, Stelvio; Saccŕ, Alessandro

2014-12-01

326

Indigenous life stories as narratives of health and resistance: a dialogical narrative analysis.  

PubMed

The Sami people have historically been exposed to severe assimilation processes. The objective of this study was to explore elderly Samis' experiences of health. A total of 19 elderly Sami individuals in Norway were interviewed.This article is a dialogical narrative analysis of the life stories of 3 Sami women. The life stories are perceived as narratives of health and resistance. Postcolonial theory provides a framework for understanding the impact of historical and socioeconomic factors in people's lives and health. Narratives of resistance demonstrate that people are not passive victims of the legacy of colonialism. Resistance is not a passive state but an active process, as is health. Resistance is a resource that should be appreciated by health services, both at a systemic level--for example, through partnership with Indigenous elderly in the planning and shaping of services--and in individual encounters between patients and healthcare providers. PMID:22894007

Blix, Bodil Hansen; Hamran, Torunn; Normann, Hans Ketil

2012-06-01

327

Women narrate later life remarriage: Negotiating the cultural to create the personal  

PubMed Central

Narrative provides a window to experience in a way that is different from traditional research methods. In this study, narrative affords both a holistic vantage point on later life relationships, and at the same time, a “view from the inside”—older women's own accounts of single life, relationship development, and remarriage. The narratives were obtained in interviews with eight recently remarried women between the ages of sixty-five and eighty. A two-stage analysis addresses, first, the narrative content—the phenomenology of remarriage for these older women. The second stage focuses on process, analyzing how cultural-level narratives are drawn upon in the creation of the women's personal stories. Based upon these analyses, we discuss the ways that a narrative approach can inform our understanding of later life relationships, and we comment on the potential of narratives such as these to rewrite a script for older women's relationships. PMID:25197160

Watson, Wendy K.; Bell, Nancy J.; Stelle, Charlie

2013-01-01

328

Narrative discourse and sociocognitive abilities of a child with Cri-du-Chat syndrome.  

PubMed

The authors investigated narrative competence, sociocognitive abilities and emotion comprehension in a 9-year-old child (FS) with Cri-du-Chat Syndrome (CdCS) who had only a mild mental delay and relatively preserved language. Considering that the production of narratives is a major step in development and in the acquisition of learning skills related to conceptual, linguistic, structural, and pragmatic knowledge, and in the development of psychological lexicon, that is, the ability to use theory of mind (ToM) processes also in atypical development, this case provided an opportunity to study aspects of this genetic syndrome never investigated before. The authors found that the child's performance on different stories was comparable to that of chronological age controls for several narrative and emotional competences and even better than that of mental age controls. However, her ability to reason was still incomplete according ToM; in fact, FS was able to express her mental states, but she was unable to understand emotions, specifically mixed emotions. This finding suggests that in CdCS children with a well-developed language narrative and emotional competence could be a point of strength for improving their social skills with important effects on their familiar and school life. Also in CdCS children with the typical poor developed language, the narrative discourse could be introduced in their communication by means of any type of alternative language (i.e., sign language or augmentative and alternative communication) to improve their social abilities and to reduce behavioral disorders due to the difficulty in expressing their personal experiences. PMID:23534097

Albano, Stefania; Piccardi, Laura; Pizzamiglio, Maria Rosa; Volpe, Cristino; D'Amico, Simonetta

2013-01-01

329

Reflection on Four Multisite Evaluation Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What do the findings of four National Science Foundation evaluation case studies suggest to an evaluation scholar who was not part of the research team that created them? This chapter carefully reviews the cases and summarizes their comparative findings. The four Beyond Use case studies add to the literature on levels of evaluation use, with the…

Brandon, Paul R.

2011-01-01

330

A multi-site single-blind clinical study to compare the effects of STAIR Narrative Therapy to treatment as usual among women with PTSD in public sector mental health settings: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background This article provides a description of the rationale, design, and methods of a multisite clinical trial which evaluates the potential benefits of an evidence-based psychosocial treatment, STAIR Narrative Therapy, among women with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) related to interpersonal violence who are seeking services in public sector community mental health clinics. This is the first large multisite trial of an evidence-based treatment for PTSD provided in the context of community settings that are dedicated to the treatment of poverty-level patient populations. Methods The study is enrolling 352 participants in a minimum of 4 community clinics. Participants are randomized into either STAIR Narrative Therapy or Treatment As Usual (TAU). Primary outcomes are PTSD, emotion management and interpersonal problems. The study will allow a flexible application of the protocol determined by patient need and preferences. Secondary analyses will assess the relationship of outcomes to different patterns of treatment implementation for different levels of baseline symptom severity. Discussion The article discusses the rationale and study issues related to the use of a flexible delivery of a protocol treatment and of the selection of treatment as it is actually practiced in the community as the comparator. Trial registration Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01488539. PMID:24886235

2014-01-01

331

The missing future tense in medical narrative.  

PubMed

Medical narrative is normally assumed to be a past tense narrative. Patients' and students' past tense narratives should be supplemented by future tense narratives, and in particular by what we call hypothetical narratives-narratives such as those offered by a medical student in response to the instruction "Tell me a story about when you are a doctor". These narratives are suggested to be especially useful in clinical and educational contexts because they offer greater insight into the narrator's hopes and expectations than past tense narratives, which can be helpful in planning management and teaching. The narrator's ethical principles are also exposed more clearly than when using the past tense narrative. Some ethical concerns raised by analysing narratives offered by patients or students, as if they were literary narratives, are avoided by hypothetical narratives. This suggestion is based on Ricoeur's account of the ethical importance of veracity in narrative, or "attestation of what has occurred". The patient/doctor or student/teacher relationship is found to have an implicit concern for the narrator's intention that makes the assumptions underlying literary analysis untenable. PMID:23673800

Olson, L G; Terry, W

2006-12-01

332

Towards Narrative-Centered Learning Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because narrative plays such a central role in cognition and culture, narrative-centered curric- ula have been the subject of increasing atten- tion. By taking advantage of the inherent struc- ture of narrative, narrative-centered learning envi- ronments could provide engaging worlds in which students are actively involved in motivating story- building activities. The fundamental hypothesis of this research program is that

Bradford W. Mort; Charles B. Callaway; Luke S. Zettlemoyer; Seung Y. Lee; James C. Lester

1999-01-01

333

The dead end of domestic violence: Spotlight on children's narratives during forensic investigations following domestic homicide.  

PubMed

The current study provides an in-depth exploration of the narratives of children who witnessed their father killing their mother. This exploration was conducted using a thematic analysis of the children's forensic interviews based on seven investigative interviews that were conducted with children following the domestic homicide. Investigative interviews were selected for study only for substantiated cases and only if the children disclosed the domestic homicide. All of the investigative interviews were conducted within 24h of the domestic homicide. Thematic analysis revealed the following four key categories: the domestic homicide as the dead end of domestic violence, what I did when daddy killed mommy, that one time that daddy killed mommy, and mommy will feel better and will go back home. The discussion examines the multiple layers of this phenomenon as revealed in the children's narratives and its consequences for professionals within the legal and clinical contexts. PMID:24961554

Katz, Carmit

2014-12-01

334

Case Study: Anyone Who Had a Heart  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate students in animal physiology and can be adapted for anatomy, physiology, and/or anatomy and physiology courses. In particular this case study explores anatomy and physiology associated with the cardiovascular system (fetal and adult). Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Philip J Stephens (Villanova University Biology)

2004-12-04

335

Folktale Narration: A Retreating Tradition  

E-print Network

, the inescapable contagious laughter…’17of the narrator adds charm to narration. This is how a ‘talented narrator takes his audience to the peak of interest making them forget the flow of time of their real world and seducing them to enter into the land... . If these are some of the formulas of closing a story, we have to agree that the immense reservoir of stories are all created by man for the benefit of the upcoming generations, not only as entertainment but also as a vehicle of transmission of religious, social...

Dorj, Tandin

2002-01-01

336

1 | Good practice case studies | Equality and Diversity | 14/02/2012 Good Practice case studies  

E-print Network

1 | Good practice case studies | Equality and Diversity | 14/02/2012 Good Practice case studies studies 2 | Good practice case studies | Equality and Diversity | 14/02/2012 "At present we have a team relaxing a visit to the woodlands can be. Sharon Birnie, Greenfingers, stated: #12;Good Practice case

337

1 | Good practice case studies | Equality and Diversity | 14/02/2012 Good Practice case studies  

E-print Network

1 | Good practice case studies | Equality and Diversity | 14/02/2012 Good Practice case studies Tika Limbu and Kishor Dangol of the Nepalese community #12;Good Practice case studies 2 | Good practice case studies | Equality and Diversity | 14/02/2012 3. Project title and details of Initiative Diwali

338

Exploring Written Narrative in Children with Poor Reading Comprehension  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated written language production in 10?year?old children with impaired reading comprehension. Despite fluent and accurate reading, these children are poor at understanding what they read. Participants completed a spelling test, and were asked to write an extended narrative, prompted by a series of pictures. Poor comprehenders showed age?appropriate spelling skills, and their narratives did not differ from those

Lucy Cragg; Kate Nation

2006-01-01

339

A Case Study of the Applied Learning Academy: Reconceptualized Quantum Design of Applied Learning  

E-print Network

The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the Applied Learning Academy (ALA) and allow the lessons learned from this public school to emerge from the narrative stories of past students, parents, teachers, administrators, and local...

Gordon, Denise

2010-07-14

340

To Be Heard, to Be Seen, to Matter: Consequences of/for Self in Utilizing One's Narrative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This self-study describes the development and use in a preservice literacy course of the first author's narrative of her own schooling. The introduction to that narrative is included in this paper. The full text of the narrative also describes the impact of school readiness, resource placement, transience, poverty, and teachers' responses and…

Allison-Roan, Valerie A.; Hayes, Michael P.

2012-01-01

341

Diaspora narrative in Battlestar Galactica  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reads the original Battlestar Galactica series and its 1980 sequel as a diasporic narrative. It compares exodus and diaspora, contextualises the Colonial journey within emerging diaspora theory and views the Galactica allegory as an indicator of American imperialism.

Grace L. Dillon

2012-01-01

342

What can we learn from narratives in medical education?  

PubMed

Medical literature has demonstrated the effectiveness of narrative writing in enhancing self-reflection and empathy, which opens the door for deeper understanding of patients' experiences of illness. Similarly, it promotes practitioner well-being. Therefore, it is no surprise that narrative writing finds a new home in medical education. The Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education (ACGME), through its Outcome Project, established six core competencies that every residency program must teach. However, no specific pedagogies were suggested. We explored the role that narrative writing can play in reconciling the ACGME core competencies with daily encounters in medical education. Our study suggests a hidden wealth in reflective writing through narratives with a promising potential for application in medical education. Reflective writing may turn out to be an innovative tool for teaching and evaluating ACGME core competencies. PMID:24867554

Johna, Samir; Woodward, Brandon; Patel, Sunal

2014-01-01

343

American Slave Narratives: An Online Anthology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides a glimpse into the richness of African American History. American Slave Narratives, provided by the American Studies Program at the University of Virginia, contains a small sample of WPA (Works Progress Administration) interviews with former slaves conducted between 1936 and 1938. The small selections from twelve interviews are interesting in that the WPA interviewers tried to transcribe the subjects' dialect as they heard it.

1997-01-01

344

Augmentative and alternative communication interventions for persons with developmental disabilities: narrative review of comparative single-subject experimental studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) as an area of clinical and educational practice involves a myriad of decisions related to the symbols, devices, and strategies from which each client must choose. These decision-making points can be productively informed through evidence from comparative intervention studies. The purpose of this review was to synthesize comparative AAC intervention studies using single-subject experimental designs

Ralf W. Schlosser; Jeff Sigafoos

2006-01-01

345

Associative visual agnosia: a case study.  

PubMed

We report a case of massive associative visual agnosia. In the light of current theories of identification and semantic knowledge organization, a deficit involving both levels of structural description system and visual semantics must be assumed to explain the case. We suggest, in line with a previous case study, an alternative account in the framework of (non abstractive) episodic models of memory. PMID:18413915

Charnallet, A; Carbonnel, S; David, D; Moreaud, O

2008-01-01

346

Ground control failures. A pictorial view of case studies  

SciTech Connect

The book shows, in pictorial views, many forms and/or stages of types of failures in mines, for instance, cutter, roof falls, and cribs. In each case, the year of occurrence is stated in the beginning so that the environment or technological background under which it occurred are reflected. The narrative than begins with the mining and geological conditions, followed by a description of the ground control problems and recommended solutions and results, if any. The sections cover failure of pillars, roof falls, longwall, roof bolting, multiple-seam mining, floor heave, longwall, flooding and weathering of coal, old workings, and shortwall and thin-seam plow longwall.

Peng, S.S.

2007-07-01

347

Will It Never End? The Narratives of Incest Victims on the Termination of Sexual Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to investigate how child sexual abuse is terminated. This study attempts to gain insight into how people exposed to incest narrate the termination of the incest relationship. Seven women and one man were recruited from the Incest Support Centre and from snowballing for a 1–2-hour-long in-depth interview using a narrative approach. The subjects' narratives

Erlend Lorentzen; Hĺvard Nilsen; Bente Traeen

2008-01-01

348

Countering the Master Narrative: The Development of the Alternative Black Curriculum in Social Studies, 1890-1940  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this dissertation is to explore the development of the alternative black curriculum in social studies from 1890-1940. W.E.B. Du Bois and Carter G. Woodson worked in collaboration with women educators Nannie H. Burroughs and Anna Julia Cooper to create an alternative black curriculum that would support the intellectual growth of…

Murray, Alana D

2012-01-01

349

Implicit and Explicit Mechanisms of Word Learning in a Narrative Context: An Event-Related Potential Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The vast majority of word meanings are learned simply by extracting them from context rather than by rote memorization or explicit instruction. Although this skill is remarkable, little is known about the brain mechanisms involved. In the present study, ERPs were recorded as participants read stories in which pseudowords were presented multiple…

Batterink, Laura; Neville, Helen

2011-01-01

350

Case studies in conservation science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The research presented in this dissertation covers three separate topics of conservation as defined by the National Science Foundation: 1) Materials Stabilization, Strengthening, Monitoring, and Repair; 2. Understanding Material Degradation and Aging; and 3) Materials and Structural Characterization of Cultural Heritage Objects (the 'technical study'). The first topic is addressed through a study to assess the consolidant tetraethoxysilane for the stabilization of alum treated wood. Falling under materials degradation studies is a study published in American Museum Novitates to understand how environmental conditions affect the aging of fossil resins from five different deposits. Two separate studies are included in technical study of cultural heritage objects which comprises the third research area of materials characterization. The first is a survey of red dyes used in Chinese paintings from the Ming Dynasty to the Early Republic (1364-1911). The second is a study of the pigments, dyes and binders used in Hawaiian barkcloth (kapa) from the 19th century.

Bisulca, Christina

351

Vasovagal Syncope Case Study/Laboratory Supplement  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study emphasizing neural control of the cardiovascular system. This study was designed to be completed during an undergraduate anatomy and physiology laboratory period on the study of blood pressure and hemodynamics. This case study involves guided student exploration in understanding of the autonomic nervous system, heart rate, total peripheral resistance, cardiac output, blood pressure, and autoregulatory range. This study also includes an optional section on cardiovascular responses in pregnancy.

PhD Jan Foster (North Greenville University Biology)

2012-05-01

352

Toronto Educational Governance/Multiculturalism Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is a narrative account of a seminar devoted to analyzing processes of change and discussing strategies used in various Western countries to plan, develop, implement, and manage change. Subtopics of focus were cultural pluralism, management, governance and finance; career preparation; and early childhood education. The seminar's opening…

Murray, John; And Others

353

Telling stories, saving lives: creating narrative health messages.  

PubMed

Increasingly, health communication practitioners are exploring the use of narrative storytelling to convey health information. For this study, a narrative film was produced to provide information about the human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer prevention. The storyline centered on Lupita, a young woman recently diagnosed with HPV who informs her family about HPV and the availability of the HPV vaccine for her younger sister. The objective was to examine the roles of identification with characters and narrative involvement (made up of three dimensions: involvement, perceived relevance, and immersion) on perceived response efficacy, perceived severity, and perceived susceptibility to HPV and behavior (discussing the HPV vaccine with a health care provider). A random sample of 450 European American, Mexican American, and African American women between the ages of 25 and 45 years, living in the Los Angeles area, was surveyed by phone before, 2 weeks after, and 6 months after viewing the film. The more relevant women found the narrative to their own lives at 2 weeks, the higher they perceived the severity of the virus and the perceived response efficacy of the vaccine to be. Also at 2 weeks, identifying with characters was positively associated with perceived susceptibility to HPV but negatively associated with perceived severity. At 6 months, identification with specific characters was significantly associated with perceived threat and behavior. These findings suggest that different aspects of narrative health messages should be manipulated depending on the specific beliefs and behaviors being targeted. Implications for narrative message design are discussed. PMID:25470440

Frank, Lauren B; Murphy, Sheila T; Chatterjee, Joyee S; Moran, Meghan B; Baezconde-Garbanati, Lourdes

2015-01-01

354

Alleviating travel anxiety through virtual reality and narrated video technology.  

PubMed

This study presents an empirical evidence of benefit of narrative video clips in embedded virtual reality websites of hotels for relieving travel anxiety. Even though it was proven that virtual reality functions do provide some relief in travel anxiety, a stronger virtual reality website can be built when narrative video clips that show video clips with narration about important aspects of the hotel. We posit that these important aspects are 1. Escape route and 2. Surrounding neighborhood information, which are derived from the existing research on anxiety disorder as well as travel anxiety. Thus we created a video clip that showed and narrated about the escape route from the hotel room, another video clip that showed and narrated about surrounding neighborhood. We then conducted experiments with this enhanced virtual reality website of a hotel by having human subjects play with the website and fill out a questionnaire. The result confirms our hypothesis that there is a statistically significant relationship between the degree of travel anxiety and psychological relief caused by the use of embedded virtual reality functions with narrative video clips of a hotel website (Tab. 2, Fig. 3, Ref. 26). PMID:24156685

Ahn, J C; Lee, O

2013-01-01

355

Case Study: While you were sleeping...  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A case study designed for undergraduate biology majors enrolled in a two semester A&P course on an aspect of respiratory physiology. The case study on Obstructive Sleep Apnea is intended to stimulate critical thinking on the part of the students and to assist students in understanding the role of the chemoreceptors and their influence on the respiratory center in the medulla oblongata.

Ms. Jeannette K Hafey (Springfield College Biology/Chemistry)

2010-05-24

356

Case-Control Study of Writer's Cramp  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Task-specific focal dystonias are thought to be due to a combination of individual vulnerability and environmental factors. There are no case-control studies of risk factors for writer's cramp. We undertook a case-control study of 104 consecutive patients and matched controls to identify risk factors for the condition. We collected detailed data…

Roze, E.; Soumare, A.; Pironneau, I.; Sangla, S.; de Cock, V. Cochen; Teixeira, A.; Astorquiza, A.; Bonnet, C.; Bleton, J. P.; Vidailhet, M.; Elbaz, A.

2009-01-01

357

Twenty Techniques for Teaching with Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problem-based learning and teaching with case studies are instructional approaches that are increasingly being applied in a variety of disciplines, such as business, law, medicine, and education. Instructors who have experienced traditional, teacher-centered instruction are often looking for ways to successfully integrate case studies, a…

Sudzina, Mary R.

2005-01-01

358

Case Studies in Middle Management Supervision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter presents a series of supervision-related case studies of situations that midlevel managers might face. Individuals enrolled in a midlevel management professional development course recommended the topics selected for this chapter. Drawing upon her experience teaching the course, the author selected four case studies that individuals…

White, Lori S.

2011-01-01

359

A Case Study of "Empathetic Teaching Artistry"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study is one of twenty cases derived from Anderson and Risner's international study of teaching artists in dance, and theatre, which investigated participants' (n=172) artistic and academic preparation in dance, and theatre, initial entry into the teaching artist field, rewards, challenges, and obstacles in participants'…

Risner, Doug

2014-01-01

360

Learning From Case Studies: A Case Study of Lean Transformation at Rockwell Collins  

E-print Network

Case studies are one of LAI's methods for engaging with sponsors in conducting research. Case studies involve interacting with people in examining, describing, analyzing, and documenting significant events, their ...

Roth, George

2009-01-21

361

Narrative organisation at encoding facilitated children's long-term episodic memory.  

PubMed

This study examined the effect of narrative organisation at encoding on long-term episodic memory in a sample of five- to seven-year-old children (N = 113). At an initial interview, children were asked to narrate a story from a picture book. Six months later, they were interviewed again and asked to recall the story and answer a series of direct questions about the story. Children who initially encoded more information in narrative and produced more complete, complex, cohesive and coherent narratives remembered the story in greater detail and accuracy following the six-month interval, independent of age and verbal skills. The relation between narrative organisation and memory was consistent across culture and gender. These findings provide new insight into the critical role of narrative in episodic memory. PMID:24786637

Wang, Qi; Bui, Van-Kim; Song, Qingfang

2015-06-01

362

Labyrinthine sequestrum: four case studies.  

PubMed

Labyrinthine sequestrum, a rare form of labyrinthitis, is highly distinct from the more commonly encountered labyrinthitis ossificans based on its unique clinical, radiologic, and histologic characteristics. The study included 4 such patients who had undergone clinical and laboratory investigations, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) assessments followed by surgical procedures and pathological evaluation. Their major symptoms were otorrhea, otalgia, tinnitus, and profound hearing loss. Imaging studies showed an osteolytic soft mass with calcified debris in the inner ear, and the bony labyrinth was eroded partly or completely by granulation mass, with loss of bony morphology. Further pathological examination was coincident with inflammatory granulation tissue with some calcification or osseous tissue. The disease process is attributed to chronic osteomyelitis due to the presence of osteonecrosis. Prompt CT and MRI examinations and optimal therapeutic management facilitate definitive diagnosis and protect against fatal complications. PMID:22467283

Lao, Zheng; Sha, Yan; Chen, Bing; Dai, Chun-Fu; Huang, Wen-Hu; Cheng, Yu-Shu

2012-09-01

363

Opportunities and Challenges in Representing Narrative Inquiries Digitally  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: Within the context of four locally funded research projects, the researcher was asked to disseminate the findings of her narrative inquiries not to the research community, which had previously been the case, but to the practice and philanthropic communities. This, in turn, created a representational crisis because practitioners…

Craig, Cheryl J.

2013-01-01

364

Narratives by District Nurses about Elder Abuse within Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty-one district nurses (DNs) narrated 44 cases of elder abuse within families. A phenomenological-hermeneutical analysis revealed that the experiences were complex and often included families providing care for an elderly person. The abuse seemed to be related to the inability of one party to meet the care demands required by the elderly, by him- or herself, or by the situation.

Britt-Inger Saveman; Ingalill R. Hallberg; Astrid Norberg

1996-01-01

365

Thiamin Deficiency: A Directed Case Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This case study will stimulate students' interest in biochemistry by examining dietary preferences and practices and how they relate to vitamin deficiencies. The lesson demonstrates how biochemistry links metabolism and health. The material would be appropriate for lower level undergraduate students, particularly when studying biochemistry or nutrition. The case study and teaching notes may be downloaded in PDF format. The site also includes a section for instructor feedback where general comments may be read and contributed.

Dhar, Preeti

2011-01-07

366

Case study in psychobiographical ethics.  

PubMed

This article addresses ethical issues relative to the conduct and reporting of psychobiographical research. The author's recent psychobiographical study of World Chess Champion Bobby Fischer (1943-2008) is used to illustrate particular ethical challenges and responses in six areas: (1) institutional review board (IRB) evaluation and informed consent; (2) balancing objective research with respect for psychobiographical subject; (3) inviting subject or next-of-kin to read and comment on working drafts of psychobiography; (4) reporting never-before-revealed sensitive information on a subject; (5) role of interdisciplinary consultation in conducting psychobiography; and (6) the value and cautions of including psychological diagnoses as part of the psychological profile. A "bill of rights and responsibilities" for the psychobiographer is introduced as a stimulus for ongoing discussion and empirical research on ethical practice in psychobiography. PMID:24169418

Ponterotto, Joseph G

2013-10-01

367

Children's play narratives: what they tell us about lesbian-mother families.  

PubMed

Play narratives can offer a unique insight into the child's internal world. This study compared the play narratives of children in 38 lesbian-mother families; 73 two-parent, heterosexual-mother families; and 58 single-heterosexual-mother families recruited from a general population sample. Findings indicated positive mother-child relationships and well-adjusted children. Girls' narratives showed more affection than boys' and were more strongly associated with mothers' interview measures, suggesting that girls' play narratives reveal a more accurate picture of family relationships. PMID:15554808

Perry, Beth; Burston, Amanda; Stevens, Madeleine; Steele, Howard; Golding, Jean; Golombok, Susan

2004-10-01

368

Case Studies in Wilderness Medicine, the Sequel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five case studies illustrate evacuation decision making in a wilderness setting. The cases describe medical problems encountered during wilderness trips: (1) a hiker suffering from hypothermia; (2) a 49-year-old man with chest pains; (3) a 19-year-old woman with abdominal pain; (4) a young woman in anaphylactic shock; and (5) a teenager hit on the…

Tarter, Shana Lee; Gray, Melissa

369

Traditional midwifery: a case study.  

PubMed

To improve utilization of available maternity care resources in Botswana, a qualitative investigation of traditional midwives was conducted. Ethnographic interviews and videotaped naturalistic observations were utilized to develop a profile of one such midwife. The themes of communication, information sharing, and cooperation with the modern sector were of particular concern. The profile that emerged showed a woman who is socially and culturally integrated into the local community, represents a highly valuable source of information on cultural conceptions of crucial importance to childbearing Botswana women, demonstrates the value of a close personal relationship and communication with the delivering woman, realizes the limitations of her own capacity in birthing situations, and maintains close links with and makes referrals to the local hospital where indicated. The prototypical traditional midwife who was the focus of this study was a 48-year-old Botswana woman who had attended over 350 births since 1971. Among her roles were pregnancy diagnosis, assessment of nutritional intake, counseling regarding the side effects of pregnancy massage of the abdomen, delivery, assessment of the newborn, cord care, and cultural rituals. After delivery, the traditional midwife makes home visits to follow up on vulnerable populations and encourage use of family planning to space births. Personalized teaching and collaboration with the modern sector are also used by the traditional midwife to address the needs of infertile couples. PMID:12282434

Anderson, S

1985-01-01

370

Mutinous Fiction: Narrative and Illustrative Metalepsis in Three Postmodern Picturebooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Narrative embedding is a common narrative structural device. Genette (1980, 1988) distinguished among various diegetic levels to explain the discrete narrative levels in embedded narratives and he defined metalepsis as the deliberate disturbing or breaking of narrative boundaries. Metalepsis, described by Malina (2002) as a mutinous narrative

Pantaleo, Sylvia

2010-01-01

371

Qualitative Case Study Research in Business Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to using qualitative case study research in business education explains methodological steps and decisions, illustrated with examples from business research. It addresses data analysis and interpretation, including discussion of software tools. (Contains 25 references.) (SK)

O'Connor, Bridget N.

2002-01-01

372

Lighting Efficiency Case Study 5 Buildings at  

E-print Network

of technologies in each building ranging from Power Conditioning to T5 Adaption to Automation & Control processorsLighting Efficiency Case Study 5 Buildings at Dublin City University Glasnevin, Dublin 9 Works-Storey Car Park ........................................................... 3 Lighting Automation

Humphrys, Mark

373

Telling Stories in Two Languages: Narratives of Bilingual Preschool Children with Typical and Impaired Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies investigated five- and six-year-old preschool children's narrative production in an attempt to show how LI may impinge on narrative production in measurable ways. Study 1 analyzed renderings of familiar stories for group (typical language development vs. language impairment), story content (Jungle Book/Goldilocks) and language…

Iluz-Cohen, Peri; Walters, Joel

2012-01-01

374

Neurofunctional (Re)Organization Underlying Narrative Discourse Processing in Aging: Evidence from fNIRS  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relatively few studies have analyzed the mechanisms underlying the cognitive changes that affect language in the elderly, and fewer have done so for narrative discourse. The goal of this study was to explore the neurofunctional changes associated with aging for different components of narrative discourse. Functional near-infrared spectroscopy…

Scherer, Lilian Cristine; Fonseca, Rochele Paz; Giroux, Francine; Senhadji, Noureddine; Marcotte, Karine; Tomitch, Leda Maria Braga; Benali, Habib; Lesage, Frederic; Ska, Bernadette; Joanette, Yves

2012-01-01

375

God on the Gallows: Reading the Holocaust through Narratives of Redemption  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Where is God now?" is a question from the Holocaust memoir "Night" by Elie Wiesel and an underlying narrative dilemma for the teachers and most student participants in this qualitative study of three Holocaust units in secondary English classrooms in the Midwestern United States. Using a narrative theory framework, this study explores how…

Spector, Karen

2007-01-01

376

Chinese Teachers' Evaluation Criteria as Reflected in Narrative Student Evaluations: Implications for Psychological Services in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To increase school psychologists' understanding of school contextual culture in China, this study used a qualitative research method to investigate 30 Chinese elementary school teachers' evaluation criteria as reflected in narrative student evaluations. In the study, 450 narrative student evaluations were coded and analysed. Overall, results…

Ni, Hong; Jones, Constance; Bruning, Roger

2013-01-01

377

The Politics of Joking: Narratives of Humour and Joking among Adults with Asperger's Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to analyse how humour and narratives about humour are used in a natural group of adults with Asperger's syndrome. Narratives about humour and use of humour in the group are analysed from a discursive psychological perspective, informed by insights from both disability studies and critical autism studies. The setting…

Rosqvist, Hanna Bertilsdotter

2012-01-01

378

Narrative Constructions: Cultural Frames for History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that children's ability to understand and use narrative precedes their ability to understand and use other genres. Asserts that the link between history and narrative is overlooked in discussions about children's historical understanding. Argues that children should use narrative. (CFR)

Levstik, Linda S.

1995-01-01

379

Using Case Studies to Teach Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Storytelling as a formal educational device arguably entered the didactic scene about 100 years ago with case study teaching at Harvard (Herreid 1994). There in the law and business schools, instructors and students analyzed realistic stories as exemplars of good and bad practice. Today, however, storytelling does not have to be limited to the traditional discussion formula advocated in these schools. This chapter describes various types of case study methods, reviews their virtues and weaknesses, and discusses the impact of case-based instruction in science education.

Herreid, Clyde F.

2006-01-01

380

Education and Work Councils: Four Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of four case studies represents the conclusion of a two-phase study of a federal program to sponsor education and work councils. Following an outline of the history and concept of education and work councils as well as the findings of a study of such councils, the importance of council collaboration with selected sectors is…

Prager, Audrey; And Others

381

A Case Study about Communication Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of this case study was to identify what were Taiwanese University English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners' perceptions about learning communication strategies. This study collected qualitative data about students' beliefs and attitudes as they learned communication strategies. The research question guiding the study was:…

Lin, Grace Hui Chin

2011-01-01

382

Predicting Students Drop Out: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The monitoring and support of university freshmen is considered very important at many educational institutions. In this paper we describe the results of the educational data mining case study aimed at predicting the Electrical Engineering (EE) students drop out after the first semester of their studies or even before they enter the study program…

Dekker, Gerben W.; Pechenizkiy, Mykola; Vleeshouwers, Jan M.

2009-01-01

383

Narrative and the Physical Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

A fable is presented that depicts a view of the situation of science in a postmodern world. This is followed by a brief account of how a foundationalist interpretation of scientific epistemology emerged. The attack on foundationalist views of science by the history of science, philosophy of science and sociology of scientific knowledge leading to Rorty's return to narrative is

J. Linn Mackey

1993-01-01

384

The life narrative at midlife.  

PubMed

In a remarkably prescient chapter, Bertram Cohler (1982) reimagined the problems and the potentialities of psychological development across the life course as a distinctively human challenge in life narration. This chapter situates Cohler's original vision within the intellectual and scientific matrix of the late 1970s, wherein psychologists expressed grave doubts about the extent to which human lives may demonstrate consistency and coherence. By focusing attention on human beings as autobiographical authors rather than as mere social actors or motivated agents, Cohler moved the conversation away from dispositional personality traits and developmental stages and toward the emerging concept of narrative identity. Over the past 30 years, research on narrative identity has shown how people use stories to integrate the reconstructed past and imagined future, providing their lives with some semblance of unity, purpose, and meaning. At midlife, many adults struggle to solve the problem of generativity, aiming to leave a positive legacy for the next generation. Inspired by Cohler's original chapter, contemporary research reveals that the most generative adults in American society tend to construe their lives as narratives of personal redemption. As such, life stories may serve as valuable psychological resources for midlife adults, even as they reflect and refract prevailing cultural themes. PMID:25251510

McAdams, Dan P

2014-09-01

385

Narrative Speed in Contemporary Fiction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many contemporary novels subject their readers to a breathless sense that the events are hurtling past too quickly for real understanding. Scenes and focal figures change rapidly, and helpful transitions are missing. The resultant feeling of excessive rapidity is what I mean by narrative speed. Why has speed become a commonplace in fiction? What effects do authors seek by using

Kathryn Hume

2005-01-01

386

The Life Narrative at Midlife  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a remarkably prescient chapter, Bertram Cohler (1982) reimagined the problems and the potentialities of psychological development across the life course as a distinctively human challenge in life narration. This chapter situates Cohler's original vision within the intellectual and scientific matrix of the late 1970s, wherein psychologists…

McAdams, Dan P.

2014-01-01

387

Developmental Structures in Fantasy Narratives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an analysis of plot structure in stories freely narrated by five-to-ten-year-old elementary school children. The question was raised whether the stories, collected over a two-year period, would reflect the children's transition from home to school by a shift from a private to a public character. Structural analyses of plot,…

Sutton-Smith, Brian; And Others

388

Social Change Movements and the Struggle Over Meaning-Making: A Case Study of Domestic Violence Narratives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social movement theorists have emphasized the important role of meaning-making for social change movements (e.g., D. A. Snow\\u000a and R. D. Benford, 1992, In: A. D. Morris & C. M. Mueller (Eds.) Frontiers in social movement theory. Yale University Press, New Haven, CT, pp 133–155; C. M. Mueller, 1992, In: A. D. Morris & C. M. Mueller (Eds.) Frontiers in

Amy Lehrner; Nicole E. Allen

2008-01-01

389

The impacts of tourism at a UNESCO heritage site in China – a need for a meta-narrative? The case of the Kaiping Diaolou  

Microsoft Academic Search

In China, sites categorised as UNESCO World Heritage Sites are commonly used as a means of economic regeneration through tourism development. This study is of a recent addition to the list, the diaolou (fortified tower houses) of Kaiping, Guangdong, in South China. This rural zone, characterised by past emigration and farming, is in the early stages of tourism development. The

Chris Ryan; Zhang Chaozhi; Deng Zeng

2011-01-01

390

Pathology Case Study: Lethargy and Coma  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center has compiled a wide range of pathology case studies to aid students and instructors in the medical/health science field. This specific case documents the health conditions of a male baby born prematurely (28 weeks gestational age). The patientâ??s history, gross and microscopic descriptions, ultrasound images, and final diagnosis are provided in this case for your review. Students will find this resource especially helpful, as it provides experience with patient history, lab results, and diagnostics.

Heyner, Robert

391

(Pea)nuts and Bolts of Visual Narrative: Structure and Meaning in Sequential Image Comprehension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Just as syntax differentiates coherent sentences from scrambled word strings, the comprehension of sequential images must also use a cognitive system to distinguish coherent narrative sequences from random strings of images. We conducted experiments analogous to two classic studies of language processing to examine the contributions of narrative

Cohn, Neil; Paczynski, Martin; Jackendoff, Ray; Holcomb, Phillip J.; Kuperberg, Gina R.

2012-01-01

392

Students' Production of Narrative and AAE Features during an Emergent Literacy Task  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study examined child production of narrative features and of African American English (AAE) during a wordless storybook oral narrative task. Method: Participants were 30 AAE-speaking African American kindergarten and 1st grade students from low- and mid-socioeconomic status homes. Story grammar (SG), story literary technique (SLT),…

Schachter, Rachel E.; Craig, Holly K.

2013-01-01

393

Negotiating Indigenous Language Narratives from Canada and South Africa: A Comparative Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Indigenous cultural and language negotiations ongoing in the contexts of South Africa and Canada are documented in two studies, one sharing narratives from Black parents in South Africa and the other sharing narratives of Métis Elders in Canada. Black parents' perspectives on Indigenous language and cultures and the role of education in…

Iseke, Judy M.; Ndimande, Bekisizwe S.

2014-01-01

394

The effects of empathetic virtual characters on presence in narrative-centered learning environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent years have seen a growing interest in the role that narrative can play in learning. With the emergence of narrative-centered learning environments that engage students by drawing them into rich interactions with compelling characters, we have begun to see the significant potential offered by immersive story-based learning experiences. In this paper we describe two studies that investigate the impact

Scott W. Mcquiggan; Jonathan P. Rowe; James C. Lester

2008-01-01

395

Narrative and Ethnic Identity Exploration: A Longitudinal Account of Emerging Adults' Ethnicity-Related Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose in this longitudinal study was to investigate further the link between ethnic identity processes and content through an examination of emerging adults' narratives of ethnicity-related experiences. Seventy ethnically diverse college students completed an ethnic identity exploration index and told an ethnicity-related narrative on 2…

Syed, Moin; Azmitia, Margarita

2010-01-01

396

Validating the Future Career Autobiography as a Measure of Narrative Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the validity of the Future Career Autobiography (FCA; Rehfuss, 2009), a qualitative instrument designed to capture change or stability in individuals' life and occupational narratives across time as a result of narrative career interventions. Italian female entrepreneurs (N = 82) were randomly assigned into either an…

Rehfuss, Mark C.; Di Fabio, Annamaria

2012-01-01

397

Narrative Abilities, Memory and Attention in Children with a Specific Language Impairment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: While narrative tasks have proven to be valid measures for detecting language disorders, measuring communicative skills and predicting future academic performance, research into the comparability of different narrative tasks has shown that outcomes are dependent on the type of task used. Although many of the studies detecting task…

Duinmeijer, Iris; de Jong, Jan; Scheper, Annette

2012-01-01

398

Developmental Differences in the Use of Tense Aspect Modality in Narratives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates how/whether the emergence and function of Turkish Tense Aspect Modality (TAM) markers that are used in narratives by children from 3 to 9 plus 13-year-olds show differences relative to the age of the narrator both quantitatively and qualitatively. The data were collected, by using Mayer's (1969) wordless picture book "Frog,…

Mehmet, Ozcan

2007-01-01

399

Oral Narrative Performance of African American Prekindergartners Who Speak Nonmainstream American English  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study had 4 primary purposes: (a) to describe the oral narrative performance of typically developing African American prekindergarten children with commonly used macro- and microstructure measures; (b) to examine the concurrent and (c) predictive relations between narrative performance, spoken dialect use, vocabulary, and story…

Terry, Nicole Patton; Mills, Monique T.; Bingham, Gary E.; Mansour, Souraya; Marencin, Nancy

2013-01-01

400

Expressing Emotions as Evidence in Osteoporosis Narratives: Effects on Message Processing and Intentions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the use of different narratives expressing positive or negative emotions, and varying the narrator's perspective on the arousal of discrete emotions, dominant cognitions, perceived evidence quality, and perceived message effectiveness related to osteoporosis behavioral intentions. Formative research led to the creation of…

Volkman, Julie E.; Parrott, Roxanne L.

2012-01-01

401

Writings of Lions: Narrative Inquiry of a Kenyan Couple Living in the U.S.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, we told the story of a Kenyan couple, B. and F., who has left Kenya and moved to Southern California. We followed a narrative inquiry framework, using Clandinin and Connelly's (2000) guidelines. We delineated core components of narrative inquiry research, as well as related the journey of B. and F., who have created dual lives in…

Gilmore, Miranda; Miller, Marianne McInnes

2013-01-01

402

The Transforming Self: Service Narratives and Identity Change in Emerging Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined the extent to which a service trip to Nicaragua affected college students' narrative understanding of themselves and their commitment to volunteer service. College students who went on a spring break service trip to work with poor citizens of Nicaragua wrote narrative accounts of three important experiences on the trip shortly…

Cox, Keith; McAdams, Dan P.

2012-01-01

403

A Model for Designing Instructional Narratives for Adult Learners: Connecting the Dots  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to develop a research-based model for designing and deploying instructional narratives based on principles derived from narrative theory, development theory, communication theory, learning theory and instructional design theory to enable adult learning and retention and the effective transfer of that retained learning…

Smith, Debra M.

2013-01-01

404

The Expressive Elaboration of Imaginative Narratives by Children with Specific Language Impairment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study investigated the expressive elaboration of narratives from children with specific language impairment (SLI). Method: Forty-eight 6- and 8-year-old children with SLI were compared with forty-eight 6- and 8-year-old typical language (TL) children. Two imaginative narratives were scored for 14 elements of expressive elaboration in…

Ukrainetz, Teresa A.; Gillam, Ronald B.

2009-01-01

405

Oral Narratives and Emergent Bookreadings of Typically Developing and Language Impaired Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study analyzed responses of 20 children with and without language impairment to two narrative genres, oral narratives and emergent readings, elicited in the children's homes. Subjects were 2-to 4-year-old preschool children from the metropolitan area of a mid-sized midwestern city: 10 children with specific language impairment (SLI) and 10 with…

Kaderavek, Joan N.; Sulzby, Elizabeth

406

Employing Memory Narratives to Dissect the Well-Being of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) identities and negative psychoemotional outcomes among teens is well established; this study analyzed happy memory narratives written by 390 LGB adolescents to investigate positive life experiences that might improve the well-being of LGB youth. A significant number of narratives were…

Bond, Bradley James; Loewenstern, Joshua Noah

2014-01-01

407

PSY 150 Narrative and Cultural Psychology: Understanding the Arab-Israeli Conflict  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cultural psychology is a branch of contemporary psychology that seeks to understand mind in the context of culture: mind and culture are co-constituted, co-determinitive, and as such, understanding psychology from this perspective requires understanding culture. Narrative psychology is a closely allied field that studies the storied nature of psychological constructs: mind is constructed through narrative. The convergence of these two

Thomas G. Fikes

2009-01-01

408

CASE STUDY: DIELDRIN ATTACK IN DALYAN LAGOON  

EPA Science Inventory

During the first two weeks of December 2005, NATO sponsored an Advanced Study Institute (ASI) in Istanbul, Turkey. Part of this ASI involved a case study of a terrorist attack, where a chemical was assumed to be dumped into Sulunger Lake in Turkey. This chapter documents the re...

409

Technologies in Literacy Learning: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article draws on outcomes of a study which explored changes in teachers' literacy pedagogies as a result of their participation in a collaborative teacher professional learning project. The educational usability of schemas drawn from multiliteracies and Learning by Design theory is illustrated through a case study of a teacher's work on…

Cloonan, Anne

2010-01-01

410

Narrative, ethics and people with severe mental illness.  

PubMed

Starting from the premise that people are essentially narrative beings, I argue that the onset of severe mental illness compromises the narrative enterprise of being able to construct one's Self and one's relationships in meaningful and coherent ways. This is due to both the curtailment of opportunities for narrative engagement and the dispossession of those whose narratives do not conform to the current conceptualization of narrative and narrativity. In these circumstances, supporting the narrative enterprise is an ethical endeavour that requires that we examine not only which narratives we construct, but also how we construct them. This requires a re-thinking of what might constitute narrative and how we might facilitate or enhance the narrativity of people with severe mental illness. Following this, I suggest four means to support the narrativity of people with severe mental illness: through maintaining narrative continuity, maintaining narrative agency, countering master narratives and attention to small stories. PMID:16343305

Baldwin, Clive

2005-01-01

411

The narrative power of astrobiology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The narrative power of astrobiology: Telling the story of the quest to understand life's origins and the search for evidence of extraterrestrial life INTRODUCTION The story of the origins and evolution of life is a narrative with nearuniversal appeal. The story of life on Earth is meaningful to all people, and the search for life elsewhere is appealing across cultural boundaries. The U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) funds an Astrobiology Program in NASA's Science Mission Directorate that is dedicated to the study of the origin, evolution, distribution, and future of life in the universe. Because public interest in astrobiology is great and advances in the field are rapid, the NASA Astrobiology Program aims to integrate communication, education, and outreach into all aspects of program planning and execution. This strategic approach to communication is intended to promote the widest possible dissemination of timely and useful information about scientific discoveries, technology development, new knowledge, and greater understanding produced by the Astrobiology Program. This paper will address how scientists in the field of astrobiology can participate in the telling of an ongoing story of interest to multicultural audiences and why it is important to tell this story. SUMMARY Astrobiology research addresses three fundamental questions: How does life begin and evolve? Is there life beyond Earth and how can we detect it? What is the future of life on Earth and in the universe? The field of astrobiology is an endeavor that brings together researchers in a broad range of disciplines including Earth and planetary science, astrophysics, heliophysics, microbiology and evolutionary biology, and cosmochemistry. Goals of the NASA Astrobiology Program range from determining the nature and distribution of habitable environments in the Solar System and beyond to understanding the emergence of life from cosmic and planetary precursors, the interaction of past life on Earth with its changing environment, the formation and evolution of planets, links between planetary and biological evolution, the effects of climate and geology on habitability, and life's precursors and habitats in the outer solar system. Research dedicated to fulfilling these goals is conducted on Earth and in space, with a growing number of astrobiology investigations flying on planetary exploration missions. Since 1995, the field of astrobiology has grown rapidly, and the pace of discovery has been brisk. The possibility of extraterrestrial life is now a serious scientific question. Research findings over the past decade that are relevant to this question include the controversial 1996 claim of fossil evidence for microbial life in a martian meteorite, evidence of past and perhaps even present liquid water on Mars, the likelihood of a liquid water ocean on Europa, the possibility of liquid water beneath the surface of Titan, observations of a growing number of extrasolar planets, and identification of new forms of microbial life in an ever-widening range of extreme Earth environments. In the 21st century, the tempo of robotic planetary exploration is speeding up, and scientific and public attention is increasingly focusing on astrobiology research, especially the search for signs of life on Mars and other planetary bodies in our solar system. Mars is currently considered the best site in the solar system to search for evidence of past or present extraterrestrial life. And as Mars exploration proceeds, astrobiological interest in Enceladus, Europa, and Titan - outer solar system bodies that might have liquid water, prebiotic chemistry, or even life - is growing as new data are collected and analyzed. With an expanding array of solar system exploration endeavors involving and advancing astrobiology research, the NASA Astrobiology Program employs a communication strategy designed to establish that communication is an integral element of program planning and activities and an activity of fundamental importance to this scientific enterprise. This str

Billings, Linda

412

Integrating ethics into case study assignments.  

PubMed

I teach an upper-level writing course, Genes, Race, Gender, and Society, designed for Life Science majors, in which I utilize a case study to expose students to ethical ways of thinking. Students first work through the topical case study and then are challenged to rethink their responses through the lenses of ethics, taking into account different ethical frameworks. Students then develop their own case study, integrating ethical components. I want to expose my students to this way of thinking because I see technology being driven by the Jurassic Park phenomenon, "Your scientists were so preoccupied with whether or not they could, they didn't stop to think if they should," and want future physicians grounded in a sense of how their actions relate to the greater good. PMID:25574287

Marshall, Pamela A

2014-12-01

413

Integrating Ethics into Case Study Assignments  

PubMed Central

I teach an upper-level writing course, Genes, Race, Gender, and Society, designed for Life Science majors, in which I utilize a case study to expose students to ethical ways of thinking. Students first work through the topical case study and then are challenged to rethink their responses through the lenses of ethics, taking into account different ethical frameworks. Students then develop their own case study, integrating ethical components. I want to expose my students to this way of thinking because I see technology being driven by the Jurassic Park phenomenon, “Your scientists were so preoccupied with whether or not they could, they didn’t stop to think if they should,” and want future physicians grounded in a sense of how their actions relate to the greater good. PMID:25574287

Marshall, Pamela A.

2014-01-01

414

Shuttle Case Study Collection Website Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As a continuation from summer 2012, the Shuttle Case Study Collection has been developed using lessons learned documented by NASA engineers, analysts, and contractors. Decades of information related to processing and launching the Space Shuttle is gathered into a single database to provide educators with an alternative means to teach real-world engineering processes. The goal is to provide additional engineering materials that enhance critical thinking, decision making, and problem solving skills. During this second phase of the project, the Shuttle Case Study Collection website was developed. Extensive HTML coding to link downloadable documents, videos, and images was required, as was training to learn NASA's Content Management System (CMS) for website design. As the final stage of the collection development, the website is designed to allow for distribution of information to the public as well as for case study report submissions from other educators online.

Ransom, Khadijah S.; Johnson, Grace K.

2012-01-01

415

Pathology Case Study: Sore Throat and Leukocytosis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center has compiled a wide range of pathology case studies to aid students and instructors in the medical/health science field. A 68 year old female with a sore throat is the focus of this particular case. The patient's history reveals an increased white blood cell count, anemia and thrombocytopenia. A list of the her current medication, as well as the microscopic description, cell images, and flow cytometry are also included in the case file. This is an excellent resource for providing students experience with patient history, lab results and diagnostics. Students are encouraged to examine each aspect of the case and test their diagnostic skills against the official findings in the "Final Diagnosis" section.

Holst, Valerie

416

Michael's Story A Case Study in Autism  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interdisciplinary case study is designed to interest general biology students as well as students of psychology and health studies. The study introduces us to the Greens, a family with a recently diagnosed autistic child. Students engage in a variety of activities to learn about the possible causative explanation for autism, its diagnosis, and treatment. A final activity is an optional writing exercise exploring the idea that there is intrinsic value in all persons' experiences, including those who are "different."

Kristen N. Hausmann

2011-01-01

417

The Science Manager's Guide to Case Studies  

SciTech Connect

This guide takes the science manager through the steps of planning, implementing, validating, communicating, and using case studies. It outlines the major methods of analysis, describing their relative merits and applicability while providing relevant examples and sources of additional information. Well-designed case studies can provide a combination of rich qualitative and quantitative information, offering valuable insights into the nature, outputs, and longer-term impacts of the research. An objective, systematic, and credible approach to the evaluation of U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science programs adds value to the research process and is the subject of this guide.

Branch, Kristi M.; Peffers, Melissa S.; Ruegg, Rosalie T.; Vallario, Robert W.

2001-09-24

418

What Is Adolescence?: Adolescents Narrate Their Lives in Lima, Peru  

PubMed Central

This study explores the lives of Peruvian adolescents in a low-income human settlement outside of Lima. Twenty 12–17 year olds were asked to narrate their own life stories using the life history narrative research method. Holistic content analysis was coupled with a grounded theory approach to explore these data. Intergenerational responsibility, family tensions, economic pressures, racism and violence emerged without prompting and dominated the narrators’ life stories, underscoring the degree to which these adolescents lack access to the supportive individuals and structures that are key to positive adolescent development. The challenges faced by these and the other 5.8 million 10 to 19 year olds in Peru requires increased attention to the role of families, peers and communities in ensuring that adolescents are able to maintain their well-being and achieve their future expectations. PMID:20207410

Bayer, Angela M.; Gilman, Robert H.; Tsui, Amy O.; Hindin, Michelle J.

2011-01-01

419

Identity narratives by American and Canadian retirees in Mexico.  

PubMed

Ethnographic materials, including depth interviews and a video, are analyzed to better understand how expatriate retirees living in the Lake Chapala Riviera region of Jalisco, Mexico manage personal identities in retirement. Using concepts from narrative gerontology, this study demonstrates how expatriates' stories and descriptions of Mexicans and Mexican ways of life reflexively construct storytellers' identities and provide a logic for intercultural relationships. While the host population is characterized as happy, friendly, helpful, enterprising and polite, concurrent stories by the same narrators portray them also as untrustworthy, inaccessible, lazy and incompetent. A discourse analysis that extends Cavarero's narrative identity theory argues that these contrasting conceptions of the host culture and population are deployed so as to reflexively position expatriate retirees as interpersonally attractive, culturally tolerant and pragmatically adaptable. Implications for the subjective experience of international migrant retirees are drawn from the descriptive analysis. PMID:15604649

Banks, Stephen P

2004-12-01

420

A narrative analysis of action research on teaching composition  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purposes of this content analysis of action research studies on teaching composition are two-fold: to examine action research studies on teaching classroom compositions to learn more about classroom composition pedagogy, including the values and beliefs that shaped the instruction and findings; and secondly, to demonstrate how narrative analysis techniques may help to amalgamate the research and findings of action

Katherine Dagmar Strand

2009-01-01

421

Jacob Lawrence's "The Migration Series": Art as Narrative History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because art is a reflection of cultural heritage, a natural affinity exists between art and social studies. In Jacob Lawrence's "The Migration Series," art serves as narrative history, with visual images telling the story of the Great Migration, a movement of African American people from the South to the North around World War I. Social studies

Laney, James D.

2007-01-01

422

Jacob Lawrence's The Migration Series: Art as Narrative History  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because art is a reflection of cultural heritage, a natural affinity exists between art and social studies. In Jacob Lawrence's The Migration Series, art serves as narrative history, with visual images telling the story of the Great Migration, a movement of African American people from the South to the North around World War I. Social studies and the arts can

James D. Laney

2007-01-01

423

Social Equity Decision Making: Narrative Explorations with Elementary Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this critical postmodern narrative study, I explore with my participants their decision making process/es around social equity issues (race, class, gender, social class, sexual identity, religion, etc.) in their teaching. The purpose of this study is to facilitate a closer examination of this important decision making process--when and how to…

Fuxa, Robin Lynn

2012-01-01

424

Narrative dependency and the false belief task in autism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several studies have used a cognitive approach to teaching people with autism to pass false belief tasks with a broader aim of developing theory of mind abilities. However, these tasks have certain executive features that may influence performance on the tasks and the potential for generalization. The study examines the influence of narrative support and language level on the ability

Evelyn McGregor; Mark Bennett

2008-01-01

425

Narratives on challenges of female black postgraduate students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper emerged from a narrative inquiry of three female postgraduate students from three universities in South Africa. The purpose of the study was to inquire into the challenges that black female students face during their period of study. One participant was a teacher at high school, one a university lecturer and the other a curriculum specialist at a district

Meahabo Dinah Magano

2011-01-01

426

Using Narrative to Understand the Convergence of Distance and Campus-Based Learning during the Time of SARS in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a narrative about the use of narrative as a means to understand how the use of technology assisted the educational community of Hong Kong during the SARS crisis of 2003. It is not a carefully planned conventional research study. It is based on seven narratives written by staff at The Chinese University of Hong Kong about their…

McNaught, Carmel

2004-01-01

427

Pathology Case Study: Two Weeks in Africa  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Pittsburgh School of MedicineâÂÂs Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help both students and instructors. In this clinical microbiology case, a 16-year-old male developed symptoms of fatigue, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting after returning to the United States from a two-week trip to Sudan. Laboratory test results and information from a microscopic examination are included in the case study. Clicking on the âÂÂFinal Diagnosisâ section will take you to a detailed discussion of the patientâÂÂs condition from the contributing doctor. A list of references, which students could use to get more background information, is also included at the bottom of the section.

Contis, Lydia C.; Qu, Lirong

2009-02-10

428

Pathology Case Study: Prolonged Oral Bleeding  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This transfusion medicine case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. This case involves a 2-year-old boy presenting with prolonged oral bleeding. Images from a biopsy of the nodule provide conclusive information that contributes to the patientâÂÂs diagnosis. A description of the patientâÂÂs physical exam, as well as lab test results and additional workup are all included in the case study. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâÂÂs findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâÂÂs conditions.

Bontempo, Franklin; Sheikh, Hina

2009-01-02

429

Pathology Case Study: Fatigue and Weight Loss  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help both students and instructors. In this particular case, a 39-year-old woman presents with a history of weight loss and fatigue in the past several months. The following tests were performed on the patient: peripheral blood smear, bone marrow aspirate and biopsy, flow cytometry, and molecular cytogenetic analysis. Those test results are all included in the case study to aid in your understanding of the patientâ??s diagnosis. The â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť section provides the official final diagnosis of the patient and a detailed description provided by the contributing doctors. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease.

Gollin, Susanne M.

430

Department of Pathology-Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students in the health sciences learn from case studies, patient histories, and a variety of other means. In recent years, a number of medical schools in the United States have contributed to medical education by placing slide collections, pathology reports, and other related materials online. The University of Pittsburgh's School of Medicine is part of this delightful trend, and they have placed a number of case studies culled from their Department of Pathology's files here on this site. Visitors can look over these files by patient history or diagnosis, and all told, there are well over 500 cases offered here. Visitors can read the pathology reports, view selections of related medical images and scans, and also read the final diagnosis report.

431

Pathology Case Study: Parotid Gland Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help both students and instructors. In this particular case, a 53-year-old woman was treated for a âÂÂprogressively enlarging, painless mass in the area of the left parotid gland.â Gross and microscopic images and descriptions of the specimen removed from the patient are included in the case study. The âÂÂFinal Diagnosisâ section provides the official diagnosis of the patient and a detailed description provided by the contributing doctors. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student knowledge of head and neck pathology.

Dacic, Sanja; Johnson, Douglas R.

2008-04-07

432

‘Timely’ diagnosis of dementia: what does it mean? A narrative analysis of GPs’ accounts  

PubMed Central

Objective To explore general practitioners’ (GP) perspectives on the meaning of ‘timeliness’ in dementia diagnosis. Design Narrative interview study. Setting UK academic department of primary care. Participants Seven practising GPs with experience of conveying a diagnosis of dementia. Methods GPs’ narrative commentaries of encounters with patients with suspected dementia were audio-recorded and transcribed resulting in 51 pages of text (26?757words). A detailed narrative analysis of doctors’ accounts was conducted. Results Diagnosis of dementia is a complex medical and social practice. Clinicians attend to multiple competing priorities while providing individually tailored patient care, against a background of shifting political and institutional concerns. Interviewees drew on a range of explanations about the nature of generalism to legitimise their claims about whether and how they made a diagnosis, constructing their accounts of what constituted ‘timeliness’. Three interlinked analytical themes were identified: (1) diagnosis as a collective, cumulative, contingent process; (2) taking care to ensure that diagnosis—if reached at all—is opportune; (3) diagnosis of dementia as constitutive or consequential, but also a diagnosis whose consequences are unpredictable. Conclusions Timeliness in the diagnosis of dementia involves balancing a range of judgements and is not experienced in terms of simple chronological notions of time. Reluctance or failure to make a diagnosis on a particular occasion does not necessarily point to GPs’ lack of awareness of current policies, or to a set of training needs, but commonly reflects this range of nuanced balancing judgements, often negotiated with patients and their families with detailed attention to a particular context. In the case of dementia, the taken-for-granted benefits of early diagnosis cannot be assumed, but need to be ‘worked through’ on an individual case-by-case basis. GPs tend to value ‘rightness’ of time over concerns about ‘early’ diagnosis. PMID:24595135

Dhedhi, Saadia Aziz; Swinglehurst, Deborah; Russell, Jill

2014-01-01

433

Narrative discourse in anomic aphasia.  

PubMed

Anomic aphasia is a disturbance affecting lexical retrieval. Nonetheless, persons with this disorder may also experience difficulties in the construction of coherent narratives. Whether this symptom is a sign of a macrolinguistic difficulty per se or reflects the lexical disorder is still an open debate. In order to analyze the effect of the lexical impairment on macrolinguistic processing, we compared the narrative skills of a group of ten participants with chronic anomic aphasia with those of ten healthy control individuals matched for age and educational level. The anomic participants produced narratives with lowered speech rate, reduced mean length of utterance, fewer grammatically well-formed sentences, more semantic paraphasias. The macrolinguistic analysis showed that they also produced more errors of cohesion and global coherence and fewer lexical information units. Interestingly, their levels of thematic selection were normal. A bivariate correlational analysis showed a strong correlation between the production of errors of cohesion and production of complete sentences, and between production of errors of global coherence and lexical information units. These correlations showed that aspects related to lexical retrieval may affect macrolinguistic processing during the construction of a narrative. Indeed, it is suggested that lexical deficits lead to two main consequences: First, patients with anomia frequently interrupt the utterances they are producing and this reduces the levels of sentence completeness and the overall degree of cohesion across the utterances; Second, they use strategies to cope with the lexical impairment and produce a quantity of lexical fillers and repetitions that, clustered in utterances, reduce the levels of global coherence. PMID:22564448

Andreetta, Sara; Cantagallo, Anna; Marini, Andrea

2012-07-01

434

Learning Machine Learning: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This correspondence reports on a case study conducted in the Master's-level Machine Learning (ML) course at Blekinge Institute of Technology, Sweden. The students participated in a self-assessment test and a diagnostic test of prerequisite subjects, and their results on these tests are correlated with their achievement of the course's learning…

Lavesson, N.

2010-01-01

435

LCA ? Unique and Controversial Case Studies  

EPA Science Inventory

This session will focus on case studies and applications that have a unique or controversial aspect. Some of the most recent topics that seem to have significant interest include: LCA-based product declarations, LCA-based standards, LCA-based labels, alternative energy, agricul...

436

Ethnicity and Schooling: A Caribbean Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is the relationship of ethnicity to students' experiences in and responses to schooling? How is success in school related to ethnicity? In this dissertation the schools and community of St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands, provide the setting for a multi-ethnic comparative case study in educational anthropology which addresses these questions.…

Gibson, Margaret A.

437

Research into Research: SUPER Project Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The SUPER Project is a collaborative research effort which has been in place for two years. This article presents case studies of this project and offers suggestions for extending it. Schools that have become the partners of research institutions are being encouraged to make research one of their institutionalized functions. (VM)

Gifford, Bernard R.; Gabelko, Nina H.

1987-01-01

438

Eastern's Employee Communication Crisis: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores communication behaviors and reactions of employees during crisis periods, using a qualitative case study of Eastern Airlines pilots. Finds that useful theories for crisis communication can be developed only after sufficient inquiry into the communication needs and behaviors of message receivers. (MS)

Saunders, Martha

1988-01-01

439

ESL and Digital Video Integration: Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It should come as no surprise that digital video technology is of particular interest to English language learners; students are drawn to its visual appeal and vibrant creative potential. The seven original case studies in this book demonstrate how video can be an effective and powerful tool to create fluid, fun, interactive, and collaborative…

Li, J., Ed.; Gromik, N., Ed.; Edwards, N., Ed.

2013-01-01

440

Thiamin Deficiency A Directed Case Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this directed case study developed for a biochemistry class, students read about the differences in the dietary preferences and practices for preparing and consuming rice among the three major communities of Malaysia, the local Malays and the immigrant Tamils and Chinese. They then answer a series of close-ended questions about the causes and consequences of thiamin deficiency.

Dhar, Preeti

2003-01-01

441

The Case Study: Avogadro Goes to Court  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The case study that follows was inspired by a novel assignment that Pace University Professor Carroll Zahn gave to his introductory computer class. The result of this assignment was certainly far different than anything that either the professor or his cl

Dinan, Frank J.; Bieron, Joseph F.

1999-11-01

442

NACASETAC BAY: AN INTERACTIVE CASE STUDY  

EPA Science Inventory

This interactive case study or "game" was created to provide a "hands on" experience in the application of a weight of evidence approach to sediment assessment. The game proceeds in two phases. In each phase the players work together as a group. A scenario is presented, and the g...

443

Case Study #1 "The Global Warming Debate"  

E-print Network

CHEM 001A Case Study #1 "The Global Warming Debate" Global warming is one of the most contentious issues of our time. There is an ongoing debate about whether global warming is caused by human activity.S., and because the scientific evidence used to determine if global warming is man-made is so difficult

Reed, Christopher A.

444

Comparative Environmental Threat Analysis: Three Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews how carrying capacity for different environmental problems is operationalized. Discusses whether it is possible to compare threats, using the exceeding of carrying capacity as a yardstick. Points out problems in comparative threat analysis using three case studies: threats to European groundwater resources, threats to ecosystems in Europe,…

Latour, J. B.; Reiling, R.

1994-01-01

445

Reengineering service operations: a longitudinal case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examples of business process reengineering efforts have tended to emphasize manufacturing applications over service operations. This paper reports on a recently completed longitudinal reengineering project conducted by the authors in a service context. Key lessons learned from the experiences of the case study are presented in the form of propositions. Based on these propositions, a process model for successfully planning

Ram Narasimhan; Jayanth Jayaram

1998-01-01

446

Selforganizing Systems Case Study: peertopeer systems ?  

E-print Network

Self­organizing Systems Case Study: peer­to­peer systems ? Emmanuelle Anceaume, Maria Gradinariu­to­peer networks relying on the self­organization of the system in multiple layers, each of them reflecting. In peer­to­peer systems, self­organization is handled through protocols for node arrivals and departures

Roy, Matthieu

447

The Induction of Marketing Teachers: Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a larger, 5-year national project, case study analyses were conducted of the induction experiences of two beginning teachers of marketing education. One teacher (Mary) entered the profession through a traditional teacher education program in marketing education. The other (Jake) obtained certification based on extensive experience in…

Heath-Camp, Betty; And Others

448

Selected Case Studies in Comparative Extension Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Case studies presented by graduate students from the United States and seven other nations dealt with topics in extension education. A system analysis approach to the problems in organizing extension services in developing nations was described, as well as physical and sociocultural problems (including illiteracy) which hinder audiovisual…

Duncan, James A., Ed.; Flores, Thomas C., Ed.

449

Physics Courses--Some Suggested Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To communicate the relevance and excitement of science activity to students, the use of more imaginative, and even openly speculative, case studies in physics courses is suggested. Some useful examples are Magnetic Monopoles, Constants, Black Holes, Antimatter, Zero Mass Particles, Tachyons, and the Bootstrap Hypothesis. (DF)

Swetman, T. P.

1972-01-01

450

A CASE STUDY OF ENVIRONMENTAL DATA MANAGEMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

In order to support our ongoing research in watershed ecology and global climate change, we gather and analyze environmental data from several government agencies. This case study demonstrates a researcher’s approach to accessing, organizing, and using intersectoral data. T...

451

Three Case Studies in Green Cleaning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents case studies from three districts implementing green cleaning. In 2008, Missouri passed legislation requiring state education officials to convene a committee of stakeholders with the purpose of developing green cleaning guidelines and specifications for schools. The guide, published by the Department of Elementary and…

State Education Standard, 2012

2012-01-01

452

Physical Science Connected Classrooms: Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Case-study descriptions of secondary and middle school classrooms in diverse contexts provide examples of how teachers implement connected classroom technology to facilitate formative assessment in science instruction. Connected classroom technology refers to a networked system of handheld devices designed for classroom use. Teachers were…

Irving, Karen; Sanalan, Vehbi; Shirley, Melissa

2009-01-01

453

Library Virtual Tours: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virtual tours delivered via the Web have become a common tool for both instruction and outreach. This article is a case study of the creation of a virtual tour for a university library and is intended to provide others interested in creating a virtual tour of their library the opportunity to learn from the mistakes and successes of fellow…

Ashmore, Beth; Grogg, Jill E.

2004-01-01

454

Ceramic fabricator quality revolution: A case study  

SciTech Connect

This case study discusses statistical process control and other quality tools in the application of continuous improvement and total quality management programs to a mature ceramic parts manufacturing operation that had been producing quality'' products for many years. By applying these tools, significant incremental improvements in process performance and product quality were achieved.

Martin, S.C. (Advanced Refractory Technologies, Inc., Buffalo, NY (United States))

1993-11-01

455

Undergraduate Research Program Assessment Case Study  

E-print Network

Undergraduate Research Program 1 Assessment Case Study: University of Delaware's Undergraduate, give an oral defense of their theses. 2 Undergraduate Research Program 3 Faculty Mentors About 2/3 of UD faculty provide undergraduate research opportunities Over 90% in engineering, physical, and life

Taber, Douglass

456

Internationalizing the California State University: Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 18 case studies in this volume represent a sample of the internationalization activities of the California State University system. Part 1 presents five papers on organizing for international education: "Internationalization of CSULB [California State University Long Beach]" by Dorothy Abrahamse et al.; "Institutional Coordination of…

Sutter Richard L., Ed.; And Others

457

Teaching the Holocaust through Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article responds to the curricular challenges teachers face with Holocaust education, including cursory treatments and a lack of focus on individual experiences. First, the author argues for a case-study approach to help students reengage concrete and complex features of the Holocaust as a point of departure for subsequent inquiry. In…

Misco, Thomas

2009-01-01

458

Climate wise case study compendium: Report 1  

SciTech Connect

This case study compendium is one of several Climate Wise tools available to help interested companies identify cost-effective options. Climate Wise, a private-public partnership program, is a key Federal initiative to return greenhouse gas emissions to 1990 levels by 2000.

NONE

1997-02-01

459

Recurrent perinatal loss: a case study.  

PubMed

To date, investigators have not demonstrated a clear relationship between a parent's history of prior perinatal losses and intensity of grief response following a subsequent perinatal loss. Examining this relationship for low-income, African-American parents is important because they are a vulnerable population due to the high incidence of perinatal mortality in Blacks and their other life stressors that can impact on grief response and caring needs. The purpose of this case study was to examine the impact of recurrent perinatal loss on a low-income African-American parent. The research design for this study was case report, using interview data collected from a mother who had recently experienced her fourth perinatal loss, which occurred at twenty-five weeks of gestation. Transcripts from two open-ended interviews were analyzed. The theoretical framework used to guide analysis of this case study was Lazarus and Folkman's stress and coping theory. Results demonstrated that the prior perinatal losses did not appear as critical components of the way the mother responded to her most recent loss. Instead, perception of the care she received from healthcare providers and how that care related to her experiences with her one living child who was born at the same gestational age was an important determinant in how she responded to her loss. The results of this case study demonstrate the importance assessing a person's perception of their experience and those factors which contribute to the way they respond. PMID:16871322

Kavanaugh, K; Robertson, P A

1999-01-01

460

Delivering Online Examinations: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper represents a brief case study of delivering online examinations to a worldwide audience. These examinations are delivered in partnership with a commercial online testing company as part of the Industry Master's degree at Charles Sturt University (CSU). The Industry Master's degree is an academic program for students currently employed…

Howarth, Jason; Messing, John; Altas, Irfan

2004-01-01

461

Oil To Biofuels Case Study Objectives  

E-print Network

Oil To Biofuels Case Study Objectives - Critically evaluate the nature of certain societal", and the consequences of various sources. - How could this diagram be modified through the use of biofuels? Research. - What are biomass and biofuels? How are they used, what are their benefits and negative consequences

Auerbach, Scott M.

462

Making Mentoring Stick: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper seeks to provide a case study of the mentoring process within Kentz Engineers & Constructors. Design/methodology/approach: The paper reflects the experiences of those leading the mentoring process within Kentz with insights extracted from a process of action, reflection and live experimentation. Findings: The paper concludes…

Karallis, Takis; Sandelands, Eric

2009-01-01

463

Case Study: Visualizing Sets of Evolutionary Trees  

E-print Network

(e.g. the evolutionary tree for frogs) are far from clear. The most common methods for constructingCase Study: Visualizing Sets of Evolutionary Trees Nina Amenta Jeff Klingner ÂŁ University of Texas of hypothetical evolutionary trees. In- teracting with such a dataset allows the biologist to identify distinct

Amenta, Nina

464

Marietta Celebration of Unity Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study concerns the forming of a Marietta, Ohio unity committee, entitled Citizens for Social and Racial Justice, in response to the local Ku Klux Klan's (KKK) request for a parade permit in order to demonstrate against blacks in this city. Marietta, the county seat of Washington County, Ohio, has a population composed of both white and…

Philbin, Meg; Phillips, Rebecca

465

Sustainability in Housing: A Curriculum Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the influence of environmental issues on the field of housing, from the perspective of sustainable housing. Presents a case study of the development of a college course to address these issues by integrating energy management, air quality, water quality, and waste management. (Author)

Parrott, Kathleen; Emmel, Joann M.

2001-01-01

466

Framing in the Field: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategic Frame Analysis can inform the daily practice of policy advocates by bringing an evidence-based communications approach to their work. This case study of FrameWorks' decade-long association with the national Kids Count Network shares stories from advocates who are transforming their communications strategies, resulting in more effective…

Benjamin, Diane

2009-01-01

467

Formalizing narratives using nested circumscription  

SciTech Connect

The representation of narratives of actions and observations is a current issue in Knowledge Representation, where traditional plan-oriented treatments of action seem to fall short. To address narratives, Pinto and Reiter have extended Situation Calculus axioms, Kowalski and Sergot have introduced the Event Calculus in Logic Programming, and Baral et al. have defined the specification language L which allows to express actual and hypothetical situations in a uniform setting. The L entailment relation can formalize several forms of reasoning about actions and change. In this paper we illustrate a translation of L theories into Nested Abnormality Theories, a novel form of circumscription. The proof of soundness and completeness of the translation is the main technical result of the paper, but attention is also devoted to the features of Nested Abnormality Theories to capture commonsense reasoning in general and to clarify which assumptions a logical formalization forces upon a domain. These results also help clarifying the relationship between L and other recent circumscriptive formalization for narratives, such as Miller and Shanahan`s.

Baral, C.; Gabaldon, A. [Univ. of Texas, El Paso, TX (United States); Provetti, A. [Universita di Bologna (Italy)

1996-12-31

468

[Identity and narration: autobiographical quests].  

PubMed

This paper aims to tackle the subtle relation between autobiographical narratives and identity construction, from a non essentialist conception of identity. In a perspective that articulates philosophy of language, psychoanalysis, semiotics and literary critique, we posit the concept of biographical space as an analytical instrument to make a critical update of the reconfiguration of identities and subjectivities in contemporary culture, marked by the predominance of the biographical, the private and a kind of "public intimacy". This look is more symptomatic than descriptive: it intends to account for the rise of auto/biographical narratives and life-stories, from canonic genres to their multiple derivations in the media, social networks and the most diverse artistic practices, a phenomenon that seems to reaffirm the notion of narrative identities by Ricoeur. Our analysis here, from an ethic, aesthetic and political point of view, will focus on two visual arts experiences that have recently taken place for the first time in Buenos Aires: Christian Boltanski's and Tracey Emin's, solo exhibitions, each of them with a different biographical approach. PMID:24251298

Arfuch, Leonor

2013-01-01

469

At the Membranes of Care: Stories in Narrative Medicine  

PubMed Central

Recognizing clinical medicine as a narrative undertaking fortified by learnable skills in understanding stories has helped doctors and teachers to face otherwise vexing problems in medical practice and education in the areas of professionalism, medical interviewing, reflective practice, patient-centered care, and self-awareness. The emerging practices of narrative medicine give clinicians fresh methods with which to make contact with patients and to come to understand their points of view. This essay provides a brief review of narrative theory regarding the structure of stories, suggesting that clinical texts contain and can reveal information in excess of their plots. Through close reading of the form and content of two clinical texts—an excerpt from a medical chart and a portion of an audio-taped interview with a medical student—and a reflection on a short section of a modernist novel, the author suggests ways to expand conventional medical routines of recognizing the meanings of patients' situations. The contributions of close reading and reflective writing to clinical practice may occur by increasing the capacities to perceive and then to represent the perceived, thereby making available to a writer that which otherwise might remain out of awareness. A clinical case is given to exemplify the consequences in practices of adopting the methods of narrative medicine. A metaphor of the activated cellular membrane is proposed as a figure for the effective clinician/patient contact. PMID:22373630

Charon, Rita

2012-01-01

470

Heat Pump Application- An Industrial Case Study  

E-print Network

HEAT PUMP APPLICATION- AN INDUSTRIAL CASE STUDY Deepak Shukla, Ph.D. Sr. Process Engineer TENSA services, Inc. Houston, Texas ABSTRACT The economics of heat pumping across a distillation column is usually dependent on the amount... of additional compressor work required to lift thermal energy from a low source temperature to a high sink temperature. A reduction of this work improves the heat pump economics. This paper presents the results of a heat pump study conducted by TENSA...

Shukla, D.; Umoh, R.

471

A theoretical framework for narrative explanation in science  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with a number of conceptual and theoretical issues that underlie the proposal to employ narrative explanations in science education: What is narra- tive? What is explanation? and What is narrative explanation? In answering these questions, we develop a framework of narrative elements and characteristics of narrative explanations. Two possible examples of narrative explanation are presented and examined

Stephen P. Norris; Sandra M. Guilbert; Martha L. Smith; Shahram Hakimelahi; Linda M. Phillips

2005-01-01

472

Pathology Case Study: Post-operative bleeding  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This transfusion medicine case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. This case involves an 83-year-old woman with post-operative bleeding and anemia. Laboratory values are provided in Table 1. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâÂÂs findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâÂÂs conditions.

Kiss, Joseph; Puca, Kathleen; Qu, Lirong; Triulzi, Darrell

2008-04-04

473

The Petition: A Global Warming Case Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These are the teaching notes for a case study in which students consider the political, economic, and ethical issues surrounding the debate over global warming. This case was designed to strengthen their understanding of the greenhouse effect; global warming and its possible causes; how past changes in temperature and carbon dioxide concentration can be estimated; what controls weather patterns; geochemical cycles; and how to read graphs and interpret data. In addition, they will acquire a better understanding of how humans may impact the earth's environment; the politics and economics of scientific issues; how and why experts may differ; and their responsibility in dealing with ethical and political issues.

Bruce Allen

474

Pathology Case Study: Left Chest Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This soft tissue pathology case, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, illustrates the process of diagnosing the cause of a patientâÂÂs chest and back pain. A chest X-ray and CT scan revealed a chest mass. A biopsy of the mass was performed. Microscopic images of the biopsy are included in the case study along with a gross description and image of the specimen. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâÂÂs findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with the diagnostic process and techniques.

Bastacky, Sheldon; Krisky, David

2009-05-06

475

Pathology Case Study: Complete Heart Block  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center has compiled a wide range of pathology case studies to aid students and instructors in the medical/health science field. This specific case outlines the medical complications of a 9 year old patient following a small bowel and kidney transplantation. The patient's clinical history and autopsy findings, which include microscopic images, are provided, and the "Final Diagnosis" section details the official findings and diagnosis. This is an excellent resource for providing students experience with patient history, lab results and diagnostics.

Dickman, Paul S.

476

Deficits in narrative abilities in child British Sign Language users with specific language impairment.  

PubMed

This study details the first ever investigation of narrative skills in a group of 17 deaf signing children who have been diagnosed with disorders in their British Sign Language development compared with a control group of 17 deaf child signers matched for age, gender, education, quantity, and quality of language exposure and non-verbal intelligence. Children were asked to generate a narrative based on events in a language free video. Narratives were analysed for global structure, information content and local level grammatical devices, especially verb morphology. The language-impaired group produced shorter, less structured and grammatically simpler narratives than controls, with verb morphology particularly impaired. Despite major differences in how sign and spoken languages are articulated, narrative is shown to be a reliable marker of language impairment across the modality boundaries. PMID:24617640

Herman, Ros; Rowley, Katherine; Mason, Kathryn; Morgan, Gary

2014-01-01

477

Seismic damage to pipeline; Case study  

SciTech Connect

A case study of damage to a welded steel pipeline in Mexico City, caused by the 1985 Michoacan earthquake, is presented. Seismic damage to pipelines in past earthquakes is briefly reviewed. The damage has typically been due to seismic wave propagation or permanent ground deformations, such as faulting, landslides, or lateral spreads. Physical characteristics of the case study pipeline, pertinent soil conditions, recorded ground motion, and observed seismic damage in Mexico City are then presented. The recorded ground motion in the lake zone of Mexico City suggests a significant contribution from Rayleigh waves. A previously developed analysis procedure is used to estimate stress induced by seismic wave propagation in the case study pipeline. The pipeline stress is a function of the amplitude and wavelength of the ground strain, maximum friction forces at the soil-pipe interface, and the stress-strain characteristics of the pipeline material. It is shown that the estimated stress is only slightly less than the local compressional buckling stress for the case history pipeline.

O'Rourke, M.J.; Ayala, G. (Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Troy, NY (USA). Dept. of Civil Engineering)

1990-03-01

478

Comparative case studies of health reform in England  

E-print Network

Comparative case studies of health reform in England Report submitted to the Department of Health.......................................................................................................25 2.2.1 A profile of the six case study sites........................................................28 2.2.2 Case study characteristics

Birmingham, University of

479

Pathology Case Study: Right Neck Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center has compiled a wide range of pathology case studies to aid students and instructors in the medical/health science field. This specific case from the collection documents a sixty-five year old female patient with enlarged lymph nodes in the jugular region, and a nodule of the thyroid. The patient's history is presented, as well as the gross and microscopic descriptions of her thyroid and lymph nodes (including images). Images from an electron microscopic examination are also included to aid in diagnosis. This is an excellent resource for providing students experience with patient history, lab results and diagnostics. Students are encouraged to examine each aspect of the case and test their diagnostic skills against the official findings in the "Final Diagnosis" section.

Barnes, Leon, 1941-

480

Pathology Case Study: SLE, Paraproteinemia and Polyneuropathy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This neuropathology case study is provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. This particular case involves the diagnosis of an elderly woman with a history of the following conditions: polyarticular arthritis, butterfly rash, and Sicca syndrome. A detailed history of the patient provides all the necessary background information, and the microscopic description and images provide the necessary information to help diagnose her. The official diagnosis of this patient is provided in the âÂÂFinal Diagnosisâ section, and is accompanied by a discussion of the case and a short list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâÂÂs conditions.

Bilbao, Juan M., 1938-

2008-03-07

481

Building Theories from Case Study Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the process of inducting theory using case studies-from\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009specifying the research questions to reaching closure. Some features\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009of the process, such as problem definition and construct validation,\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009are similar to hypothesis-testing research. Others, such as within-case\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009analysis and replication logic, are unique to the inductive, case-oriented\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009process. Overall, the process described here is highly iterative\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009and tightly

Kathleen M Eisenhardt

1989-01-01

482

Processing Causality in Narrative Events: Temporal Order Matters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To successfully comprehend narrative text, readers often make inferences about different causes and effects that occur in a text. In this study, participants read texts in which events related to a cause were presented before an effect (i.e., the forward causal condition), texts in which an effect was presented before the events related to a cause…

Briner, Stephen W.; Virtue, Sandra; Kurby, Christopher A.

2012-01-01

483

Teacher Epistemology and Collective Narratives: Interrogating Teaching and Diversity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This action research study interrogates how one teacher educator analyzed her pedagogy and engaged her students in writing narratives about working with children, families, and co-workers who are racially and ethnically different from themselves. Data were collected from a special topic graduate course entitled, Epistemology, Diversity and…

Adler, Susan Matoba

2011-01-01

484

Unemployment and Underemployment: A Narrative Analysis about Loss  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, we conducted a narrative analysis of interviews with unemployed and underemployed adults to better understand their experiences and to learn how they are coping with job loss. Seven men and six women from diverse backgrounds who were receiving career exploration and job search services were interviewed at a one-stop career center in…

Blustein, David L.; Kozan, Saliha; Connors-Kellgren, Alice

2013-01-01

485

Enhancing Children's Reading Comprehension through Instruction in Narrative Structure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty average and below average fourth grade readers identified as lacking a keen sense of narrative structure were randomly assigned to one of two treatments: special instruction designed to develop knowledge of story structure or instruction in dictionary usage and word study. There were two phases of instruction, a short-term intensive phase and a long-term intermittent phase. The instruction in

Jill Fitzgerald; Dixie Lee Spiegel

1983-01-01

486

Preschool Predictors of Narrative Writing Skills in Elementary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the preschool predictors of elementary school narrative writing skills. The sample included 65 typically developing African American children, ranging in age from 5.0 to 5.5 years, and was 44.6% male. Targeted preschool predictors included measures of phonological processing, core language abilities, prereading skills, and…

Hooper, Stephen R.; Roberts, Joanne E.; Nelson, Lauren; Zeisel, Susan; Kasambira Fannin, Danai

2010-01-01

487

Adolescent Gambling: A Narrative Review of Behavior and Its Predictors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This narrative review summarizes current knowledge on adolescent gambling for the period 1990-2010, assesses adolescent gambling behavior and person and environment predictors, and suggests directions for future research. The review includes 99 studies that identified their subjects as adolescents, children, youth, and students, and discusses…

Ariyabuddhiphongs, Vanchai

2013-01-01

488

A Comparison between Written and Spoken Narratives in Aphasia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present study was to explore how a personal narrative told by a group of eight persons with aphasia differed between written and spoken language, and to compare this with findings from 10 participants in a reference group. The stories were analysed through holistic assessments made by 60 participants without experience of aphasia…

Behrns, Ingrid; Wengelin, Asa; Broberg, Malin; Hartelius, Lena

2009-01-01

489

Preservice Elementary Teachers' Reflection on Narrative Images of Inquiry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preservice elementary teachers face challenges in learning to teach science. Educative curriculum materials, designed to promote teacher learning, can provide support for overcoming these challenges. The educative curriculum materials used in this study provide narrative vignettes describing a teacher's decision making with regard to lesson plans.…

Dietz, Christine M.; Davis, Elizabeth A.

2009-01-01

490

Teacher Technology Narratives: Native Hawaiian Views on Education and Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Narrative inquiry is a method by which "silenced voices" may be heard. In this study, eight Native Hawaiian teachers share their experiences of the Hawaiian Language Immersion Program (HLIP), or Papahana Kaiapuni, within the Hawai'i public school system. The teachers describe change over time in HLIP with a focus on technology and…

Yong, D. Lilinoe; Hoffman, Ellen S.

2014-01-01

491

Conversion Narratives and Construction of Identity among Christians in Malaysia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conversion narratives in the form of testimony are powerful means of consolidating and strengthening one's new religious identity (Beit-Hallahmi, Prolegomena to the psychological study of religion, Bucknell University Press, 1989; Rambo, Understanding religious conversion, Yale University Press, 1993; Stromberg 1993, as cited in Emmons &…

Dumanig, Francisco Perlas; David, Maya Khemlani; Dealwis, Ceasar

2011-01-01

492

Learning from Animated Concept Maps with Concurrent Audio Narration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An animated concept map is a presentation of a network diagram in which nodes and links are sequentially added or modified. An experiment compared learning from animated concept maps and text by randomly assigning 133 undergraduates to study 1 of 4 narrated animations presenting semantically equivalent information accompanied by identical audio…

Nesbit, John C.; Adesope, Olusola O.

2011-01-01

493

Reflection through Narrative: The Power of Narrative Inquiry in Early Childhood Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the value of narrative for conceptualizing and promoting teacher research and inquiry in early childhood teacher education. The article provides an overview of essential forms and functions of narrative, paying particular attention to the contributions of narrative inquiry, which is a research framework rarely applied to…

Meier, Daniel R.; Stremmel, Andrew J.

2010-01-01

494

Rumination Syndrome in Ethiopia: A Case Study  

PubMed Central

Eating disorders are commonly believed to be rare or nonexistent in Africa. However, due to exposure to Western culture, a rise in eating disorders among African women is reported in the literature. This case study describes a 17-year-old Ethiopian girl who meets the DSM-IV-TR and DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for bulimia nervosa and the Rome III Diagnostic Criteria for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders criteria for rumination syndrome. The article discusses the diagnostic delays, the difficulties in terms of therapy, and the context determinants that—combined with individual psychopathological features—are thought to contribute to the disorders. Health professionals should be informed about the prevalence of eating disorders in Africa and, more specifically, of rumination syndrome in young women with normal intelligence. In light of this case study, it seems necessary to raise awareness with regard to the insufficient evidence on effective therapies for rumination syndrome in individuals without intellectual impairment.

2014-01-01

495

Pathology Case Study: Progressive Mental Status Change  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology where a 36-year-old white male had end-stage renal disease due to sclerosing glomerulonephritis. The case study provides radiologic findings, gross neuropathologic findings, and microscopic description in order to allow the user the opportunity to diagnose the patient. Clicking on the final diagnosis link will provide users with a discussion of the actual diagnosis along with important learning points as well as a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to develop a diagnosis. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

Martinez, A. Julio (Augusto Julio); Nichols, Larry; Wang, Jianzhou

2009-10-05

496

Alchemists’ Visions: Cultural Norms in Eliciting and Analyzing Life History Narratives  

PubMed Central

Comparative study within a group of systematically elicited life narratives revealed key variations in narrative sequencing and conceptual templates. These dimensions are associated with significant differences in subjective meaning, frames for interpreting experience, and personal adjustment. This paper describes the study methods and results, and proposes that life histories be studied in the context of other similarly collected narratives, instead of one at a time. It outlines limitations of current methods of eliciting, analyzing, and writing up texts which may systematically obscure important dimensions of subjectivity and of cultural norms.

LUBORSKY, MARK R.

2014-01-01

497

Case Study: Revising a Formal Case Study Presentation as an Independent Research Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the process of researching and revising a case study presentation on an individual who experienced anesthetic awareness during an abdominal surgery and eventually committed suicide. Topics addressed include the author's selection of an undergraduate student with a science and teaching background to work on the case

Field, Patrick R.

2013-01-01

498

Agents in Home Care: A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Home Care is the term used to refer to any kind of care to a person at his own home. This article presents a case study of\\u000a the HoCa hybrid multiagent architecture aimed at improving of dependent people in their homes. Hoca architecture uses a set\\u000a of distributed components to provide a solution to the needs of the assisted people

Juan A. Fraile; Dante I. Tapia; Sara Rodríguez; Juan M. Corchado

2009-01-01

499

A Case Study Method For Landscape Architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Case studies are widely used in most professions, including medicine, law, engineering, business, planning, and architecture. This practice is becoming increasingly com- mon in landscape architecture as well. The primary body of knowledge in landscape architec- ture is contained in the written and visual documentation—that is, stories—of projects, be it well-known ones such as New York's Central Park, or more

Mark Francis

500

Microbial Study of Meningitis and Encephalitis Cases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Meningitis and\\/or encephalitis can pose a serious public health problem especially during outbreaks. A rapid and accurate diagnosis is important for effective earlier treatment. This study aimed to identify the possible microbial causes of meningitis and\\/or encephalitis cases. CSF and serum samples were collected from 322 patients who had signs and symptoms suggestive of meningitis and\\/or encephalitis. Out of 250

Heba S. Selim; Mohamed A. El-Barrawy; Magda E. Rakha

2007-01-01