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1

Interactive Audiovisual Narrative-Case Study: The Telephone Man  

E-print Network

, Interactive, Narrative, Cinema, Television, Drama, Production CASE STUDY - THE TELEPHONE MAN ­ TV BASED, how they reflect and shape our whole sense of the world and ourselves as human beings, whether of interactive audiovisual narration that may be interactive television, interactive cinema, web or some other

Masthoff, Judith

2

The Narrative Approach in Art Education: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study takes as its focus the work of the Fine Art graduate, Dumile Johannes Ndita, who visually narrates his experience of life in contemporary South Africa. The artist graduated from Border Technikon, East London, an institution which teaches the narrative approach. It is the aim of the authors to illustrate how this method enables…

Esser-Hall, Gabriele; Rankin, Jeff; Ndita, Dumile Johannes

2004-01-01

3

HOW MUCH DO FORMAL NARRATIVE ANNOTATIONS DIFFER? A Proppian case study  

E-print Network

HOW MUCH DO FORMAL NARRATIVE ANNOTATIONS DIFFER? A Proppian case study RENS BOD Institute for Logic Universiteit van Amsterdam Abstract. The formal study of narratives goes back to the Russian structuralist, evaluating these results according to the standards of inter- annotator agreement. The formal study

Amsterdam, University of

4

Mapping narratives: the 1992 Los Angeles riots as a case study for narrative-based geovisualization  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I demonstrate that narrative-based geovisualization contributes to a broader understanding of complex social and inherently spatial phenomena, such as riots, when combined with other data. Past spatial scholarship on riots has analyzed point-distribution data representing damaged structures caused by fires and vandalism. Although this approach is insightful, the analysis of damaged structures engages with just one type

Paul R. Watts

2010-01-01

5

Narrative and identity in Alzheimer's disease: A case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this case study, focus is on how persons with AD use their remaining linguistic and cognitive resources, together with non-verbal aspects of the storytelling event, as resources in communicating and negotiating their identities in everyday encounters. The results of the analysis, focusing on the telling of the stories, indicate that other aspects than the temporal and referential organization of

L.-C. Hydén; L. Örulv

2009-01-01

6

Using Narrative Case Studies in an Online World Religions Course to Stimulate Deep Learning about Islam  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this action research was to examine how a narrative case study in an online asynchronous world religions course affected learners' understandings, appreciation, and respect for the beliefs and values of others. The world religions course examined a variety of religions including Islam. Ten participants received information about the…

Elliott, Sherman Lee

2010-01-01

7

Constructing narratives of heroism and villainy: case study of Myriad's BRACAnalysis® compared to Genentech's Herceptin®  

PubMed Central

Background The development of Herceptin® is welcomed as a major advance in breast cancer treatment, while Myriad's development of BRACAnalysis® is a widely used diagnostic. However useful and successful this product is, its presence in the public eye is tainted by predominantly negative press about gene patenting and business practices. Discussion While retrospection invites a sharp contrast between Genentech's triumphal narrative of scientific achievement and Myriad's public image as a controversial monopolist, a comparative history of these companies' products reveals two striking consistencies: patents and public discontent. Despite these similarities, time has reduced the narrative to that of hero versus villain: Genentech is lauded - at least for the final outcome of the Herceptin® story - as a corporate good citizen, Myriad as a ruthless mercenary. Since patents undergird both products yet the narratives are so different, the stories raise the question: why have patents taken the fall as the scapegoat in current biotechnology policy debate? Summary A widely publicized lawsuit and accompanying bad press have cast Myriad as a villain in the evolving narrative of biotechnology. While the lawsuit suggests that this villainy is attributable to Myriad's intellectual property, we suggest through a comparative case study that, at least in the Myriad case, it is not simply about the patents but also other business strategies the company chose to pursue. Patents were a necessary but not sufficient cause of controversy. PMID:23369278

2013-01-01

8

Narrative-Based Intervention for Word-Finding Difficulties: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Children with word-finding difficulties manifest a high frequency of word-finding characteristics in narrative, yet word-finding interventions have concentrated on single-word treatments and outcome measures. Aims: This study measured the effectiveness of a narrative-based intervention in improving single-word picture-naming and…

Marks, Ian; Stokes, Stephanie F.

2010-01-01

9

Navigating the tension between the master narrative of the academy and the counter-narrative of reform: personal case studies from within an engineering education coalition  

E-print Network

attempted to reform undergraduate engineering curricula at six U.S. institutions of higher education. Through analysis of occupational life histories, and data from a larger study of curricular change processes, two dominant social narratives emerged...

Merton, Prudence

2006-08-16

10

"Mass Effect 2": A Case Study in the Design of Game Narrative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Digital games have matured substantially as a narrative medium in the last decade. However, there is still much work to be done to more fully understand the poetics of story-based-games. Game narrative remains an important issue with significant cultural, economic and scholarly implications. In this article, we undertake a critical analysis of the…

Bizzocchi, Jim; Tanenbaum, Joshua

2012-01-01

11

Bilingual Development in Study-Abroad Journal Narratives: Three Case Studies from a Short-Term Program in Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the linguistic and cultural development of three US university students in a one-month study-abroad program in Mexico, as represented in their bilingual journals. Through narrative analysis, the paper explores students' varied evaluations of their study-abroad experiences, as well as how these evaluations seemed to affect their…

Menard-Warwick, Julia; Palmer, Deborah

2012-01-01

12

Narratives of art-making in chronic fatigue syndrome\\/myalgic encephalomyelitis: Three case studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the narratives of three women who had lived with severe chronic fatigue syndrome\\/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS\\/ME) for many years, and who engaged in art-making as a leisure activity rather than for psychotherapy. Three distinct narratives about the role of art-making in CFS\\/ME were inferred. One participant represented art as a way of filling time rather than having further

Frances Reynolds; Bella Vivat

2006-01-01

13

Designing Video Narratives to Contextualize Content for ESL Learners: A Design Process Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we discuss how the Brigham Young University Technology Assisted Language Learning Group (BYU TALL Group) develops video-based dramatic narratives to increase the amount of context we provide to English as a second language (ESL) learners. First, we discuss the problem of decontextualization in education, the contextualism…

South, Joseph B.; Gabbitas, Bruce; Merrill, Paul F.

2008-01-01

14

Narrative and social change: A case study of the Wagner act of 1935  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Wagner Act of 1935 (the National Labor Relations Act) transformed unionization and collective bargaining from legally?acknowledged rights difficult to exercise into federally?protected rights. The National Labor Relations Board was established as a legal body that could punish employers for violating workers’ rights to organize. A narrative analysis of the competing stories provided by the proponents and opponents of the

Enid M. I. Sefcovic; Celeste M. Condit

2001-01-01

15

Authors, Artists, and Social Constructionism: A Case Study of Narrative Supervision  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many family therapists have incorporated social constructionist and narrative ideas into their work with clients. These ideas emphasize postmodern tenets of collaboration, non-directiveness, and multiple perspectives. Although these approaches have become common in therapy, they are also useful in supervision. This article discusses how social constructionism can be applied in supervision, both as content to be taught and as a

Jason B. Whiting

2007-01-01

16

Narrative Inquiry into (Re)imagining Alternative Schools: A Case Study of Kevin Gonzales  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although there are many alternative schools that strive for the successful education of their students, negative images of alternative schools persist. While some alternative schools are viewed as "idealistic havens", many are viewed as "dumping grounds" or "juvenile detention centers". Employing narrative inquiry, this article interrogates how a…

Kim, Jeong-Hee

2011-01-01

17

Facts and Narrative - the Concept of 4d Capturing of Heritage Building; a Case Study of Sompur Mahavihara, Bangladesh  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study embarked upon a premise that considers architecture of building as a dynamic phenomenon. A building from its conception is susceptible to change due to various reasons. An historical building that is several hundred years old must have undergone through changes due to political, social, religious and most importantly functional reasons. Hence capturing building and its dynamic evolution is necessary to appreciate its architecture as well as its heritage value. Whereas the conventional method of fact based historiography only captures the building in particular moment. It makes architectural historians to become perplexed over to which particular moment to be documented. It is a great challenge for the architectural historians to bring back these dynamic characters of the building that are mostly inconspicuous in nature from this point of time. In this situation the historical discourse also remains elusive and blurred. The idea of 4d capturing comes in front in this scenario. Current research would venture into this emerging idea to record the architecture of the early period. This paper highlights the need for a flexible tool to capture this dynamic character of the building. By citing the case study of the 7th century Buddhist Monastery in Bengal, this paper thus argues for the need of capturing the narrative of a historical building than the facts to get a complete picture of its architecture. This study aims at capturing the narrative of Sompur Mahavihara, the UNESCO World Heritage site in Bangladesh, which is currently in ruinous condition. However, it's few hundred years life suggests that as architecture it was subject to change due to different reasons, mainly political, religious and rituals. Being a monument that belongs to the flourishing phase of a society, traditionally this monastery architecture certainly played a role as a stage for religious and political pageantry as well as different religious performances. As architecture it works as complex process of interaction of different layers of ideas, agendas and authorship through time. This paper would further explore different tools for historians to capturing this process of interaction and preserving/ conserving the narrative of this building using virtual modelling.

Rashid, Md. M.; Rahaman, H.

2013-07-01

18

Some life lessons in the work place: personal narrative/case study.  

PubMed

Michael Schwartz, a lawyer deaf since birth, describes his journey as a professional for the last 32 years since his graduation from NYU School of Law in 1981. He offers a case study of his experiences with accommodations on the job as required by federal and state law. The study includes specific examples of what worked and what did not work for a deaf lawyer like him working at his craft. Schwartz wraps up with the lessons he learned over the last three decades as we moved from the model of non-compliance to that of compliance, even beyond compliance, with the mandates of law in the employment context. PMID:24284683

Schwartz, Michael A

2014-01-01

19

McFadden, Wyoming: A case study in narrating our changing energy landscapes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This thesis uses McFadden, Wyoming, and the Rock Creek Valley to discuss Wyoming's changing energy landscapes and argues that a cultural landscape approach to documenting our historic and cultural resources can contribute to properly siting energy developments. Though Wyoming stands to gain from the construction of wind farms, they should be carefully sited in order to balance environmental and cultural resource preservation with energy needs. Wyoming has a long history as an energy hinterland and provides a significant portion of energy to the U.S. However, the nation's demand for energy should not take precedence over preserving the cultural resources and vast open landscapes that represent Wyoming's heritage. A history of the Rock Creek Valley as a home to Native Americans, a transportation corridor, oil field, and wind farm site is presented along with a discussion of energy consumption and Wyoming's role in the energy market. The thesis also considers the importance of education, public discourse, and narrative as tools for planning a sustainable future with regard to energy, the environment, and cultural resources.

Anderson, Carly-Ann Marie

20

Texts within Texts: A Developmental Study of Children's Play Narratives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of children's language use in narratives given during play examined the longitudinal development of different linguistic systems of narrative structure: pronominal, clausal, and temporal. The narrative and dialogue in play with small toy figures was observed in eight children between the ages of 2 and 7. The findings suggest certain…

Hicks, Deborah; Wolf, Dennis

21

Narrative Semantic Web --Case National Finnish Epic Kalevala  

E-print Network

on the semantic web as semantic structures [1] that can be used for enriching end-user reading experience for browsing web pages enriched with semantic links, and to various RDF browsers. However, in our system: 1Narrative Semantic Web --Case National Finnish Epic Kalevala Eero Hyv¨onen, Tuomas Palonen

Hyvönen, Eero

22

Researching practice: the methodological case for narrative inquiry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research interest in the analysis of stories has increased as researchers in many disciplines endeavor to see the world through the eyes of others. We make the methodological case for narrative inquiry as a unique means to get inside the world of health promotion practice. We demonstrate how this form of inquiry may reveal what practitioners value most in and

Therese Riley; Penelope Hawe

2005-01-01

23

Exploring the Attitudes of Parents of Young Children with Autism Towards the TEACCH Conceptual Model: A Narrative Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this dissertation is to explore the attitudes of parents of young children with autism towards the Treatment and Education of Autistic and related Communication Handicapped Children Program's (TEACCH) conceptual model, known as the Culture of Autism. One primary research question guided the study: What are the attitudes of…

Powell, Natalie Lynne

2012-01-01

24

Narrative evolution and assimilation of problematic experiences in a case of pharmacotherapy for schizophrenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case study applied the assimilation model to examine the changing narrative of an outpatient with schizophrenia and symptoms of depression across a successful pharmacotherapy. The assimilation model describes how clients assimilate painful, problematic experiences. Therapeutic progress is understood to reflect increasing assimilation, measured by the Assimilation of Problematic Experiences Scale (APES). The authors used a 15-min semistructured interview (Problematic

Katerine Osatuke; Mary Reid; William B. Stiles; John W. Kasckow; Sidney Zisook; Somaia Mohamed

2011-01-01

25

Socio-Cultural Power Dynamics and Coping Functions: A Narrative Case Report of a Female Paralympian  

PubMed Central

Purpose This case study explores the lived experiences of an elite female Paralympic powerlifting athlete. The focus is on restrictions and coping responses employed to manage the daily hassles within the cultural and ethnic requirements for achieving athletic excellence. Methods With an unstructured interview, the narrative was acquired which ranged to a total of 75 minutes (approx) and 20 single spaced pages. The data was analyzed using Foucauldian discourse analysis in conjuncture to feminist poststructuralist theory. Results The results highlight the issues relating to femininity, culture and ethnicity with regard to athletic career. The analysis elicits extracts from the narrative to describe the coping functions reflecting proactive coping, anticipatory coping, and preventative coping. Conclusions The narrative draws attention to the socio-cultural restrictions and coping functions that the athlete adopted to overcome the barriers of femininity, culture, ethnicity requirements and athleticism. PMID:22943000

Roy, Anaurene

2012-01-01

26

Folk narratives, archaeology, and descendant communities: a case study of the Albert J. Phillips Memorial Cemetery (41gv125), Galveston County, Texas  

E-print Network

is the performance of traditional narratives. The relocation of graves at the Albert J. Phillips Memorial Cemetery (41GV125), an AfricanAmerican burial locale in southeast Texas, provided numerous opportunities for interaction between archaeologists and members...

Powell, Leah Carson

2012-06-07

27

Using Family Attachment Narrative Therapy to Heal the Wounds of Twinship: A Case Study of an 11YearOld Boy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the utilization of Family Attachment Narrative Therapy with an 11-year-old boy experiencing significant\\u000a behavioral and developmental problems emerging from his experience of identical twinship and associated parental failure.\\u000a This innovative treatment model is demonstrated to be a useful tool for changing the child’s faulty self narrative resulting\\u000a in improved functioning. The critical element of the reworked schema

Itzhak Lander

2008-01-01

28

Use of the Outdoor Classroom and Nature-Study to Support Science and Literacy Learning: A Narrative Case Study of a Third-Grade Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A case study of an exemplary third grade teacher's use of the outdoor classroom for meeting both state science and language arts standards is described. Data from the researcher's field journal, teacher lesson plans, and teacher interviews document how this teacher used nature-study to bridge outdoor classroom experiences with the state science and language arts curriculum. This teacher's early life experiences supported her strong interest in science and nature in the outdoors and experiencing it with her children. Children interacted with the outdoor classroom throughout the day as a context for science and literacy learning. All but one child successfully met Annual Yearly Progress (AYP) goals in reading at the end of the school year.

Eick, Charles J.

2012-11-01

29

Returning to Work after Cancer: Quantitative Studies and Prototypical Narratives  

PubMed Central

Objective A combination of quantitative data and illustrative narratives may allow cancer survivorship researchers to disseminate their research findings more broadly. We identified recent, methodologically rigorous quantitative studies on return to work after cancer, summarized the themes from these studies, and illustrated those themes with narratives of individual cancer survivors. Methods We reviewed English-language studies of return to work for adult cancer survivors through June, 2008, and identified 13 general themes from papers that met methodological criteria (population-based sampling, prospective and longitudinal assessment, detailed assessment of work, evaluation of economic impact, assessment of moderators of work return, and large sample size). We drew survivorship narratives from a prior qualitative research study to illustrate these themes. Results Nine quantitative studies met 4 or more of our 6 methodological criteria. These studies suggested that most cancer survivors could return to work without residual disabilities. Cancer site, clinical prognosis, treatment modalities, socioeconomic status, and attributes of the job itself influenced the likelihood of work return. Three narratives - a typical survivor who returned to work after treatment, an individual unable to return to work, and an inspiring survivor who returned to work despite substantial barriers - illustrated many of the themes from the quantitative literature while providing additional contextual details. Conclusion Illustrative narratives can complement the findings of cancer survivorship research if researchers are rigorous and transparent in the selection, analysis, and retelling of those stories. PMID:19507264

Steiner, John F.; Nowels, Carolyn T.; Main, Deborah S.

2009-01-01

30

The Use of Personal Narrative in Classroom Case Study Analysis to Improve Long-term Knowledge Retention and Cultivate Professional Qualities in Allied Health Students.  

PubMed

This study evaluated the use of two different case study formats (clinically-oriented cases versus personally-oriented cases) to determine which was most effective in promoting long-term retention of clinically significant microbiology concepts, developing patient empathy, improving comprehension of patient compliance problems, and facilitating student understanding of transcultural health care concerns. The analysis was conducted in multiple sections of three different introductory microbiology classes targeting specific cohorts: nursing students, pharmacy students and other allied health students (pre-med, pre-PA, CLS, etc.). Retention of course content was determined by evaluation of multiple-choice and short answer examinations at least three weeks after completing case studies. Evaluation of patient empathy, understanding of patient compliance issues and transcultural health care concerns were determined via student surveys. The results of the study indicated that personalized cases significantly improved long-term retention of course content. In addition, student responses indicated that personalized case studies were more effective in developing patient empathy and aiding students in understanding issues patients have with complying with treatment recommendations. Finally, personalized case studies were effective tools for introducing students to the challenges of transcultural health care. PMID:23653708

Young, Linda M; Anderson, Rodney P

2010-01-01

31

The Use of Personal Narrative in Classroom Case Study Analysis to Improve Long-term Knowledge Retention and Cultivate Professional Qualities in Allied Health Students  

PubMed Central

This study evaluated the use of two different case study formats (clinically-oriented cases versus personally-oriented cases) to determine which was most effective in promoting long-term retention of clinically significant microbiology concepts, developing patient empathy, improving comprehension of patient compliance problems, and facilitating student understanding of transcultural health care concerns. The analysis was conducted in multiple sections of three different introductory microbiology classes targeting specific cohorts: nursing students, pharmacy students and other allied health students (pre-med, pre-PA, CLS, etc.). Retention of course content was determined by evaluation of multiple-choice and short answer examinations at least three weeks after completing case studies. Evaluation of patient empathy, understanding of patient compliance issues and transcultural health care concerns were determined via student surveys. The results of the study indicated that personalized cases significantly improved long-term retention of course content. In addition, student responses indicated that personalized case studies were more effective in developing patient empathy and aiding students in understanding issues patients have with complying with treatment recommendations. Finally, personalized case studies were effective tools for introducing students to the challenges of transcultural health care. PMID:23653708

Young, Linda M.; Anderson, Rodney P.

2010-01-01

32

Narrative Exposure Therapy as a treatment for child war survivors with posttraumatic stress disorder: Two case reports and a pilot study in an African refugee settlement  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Little data exists on the effectiveness of psychological interventions for children with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that has resulted from exposure to war or conflict-related violence, especially in non-industrialized countries. We created and evaluated the efficacy of KIDNET, a child-friendly version of Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET), as a short-term treatment for children. METHODS: Six Somali children suffering from PTSD

Lamaro P Onyut; Frank Neuner; Elisabeth Schauer; Verena Ertl; Michael Odenwald; Maggie Schauer; Thomas Elbert

2005-01-01

33

Narrative Process Coding System in Marital and Family Therapy: An Intensive Case Analysis of the Formation of a Therapeutic System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to investigate whether the method (Narrative Processes Coding System) for studying the narrative sequences of individual psychotherapy developed by Angus and Hardtke (1994) can be applied in a family therapeutic process. According to the results narrative process coding system adds new dimensions and gives new depth in the narrative understanding of family therapeutic process.

Aarno Laitila; Jukka Aaltonen; Jarl Wahlström; Lynne Angus

2001-01-01

34

Narrative Inquiry as Travel Study Method: Affordances and Constraints  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article maps how narrative inquiry--the use of story to study human experience--has been employed as both method and form to capture cross-cultural learning associated with Western doctoral students' travel study to eastern destinations. While others were the first to employ this method in the travel study domain, we are the first to…

Craig, Cheryl J.; Zou, Yali; Poimbeauf, Rita

2014-01-01

35

Narrative Exposure Therapy as a treatment for child war survivors with posttraumatic stress disorder: Two case reports and a pilot study in an African refugee settlement  

PubMed Central

Background Little data exists on the effectiveness of psychological interventions for children with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that has resulted from exposure to war or conflict-related violence, especially in non-industrialized countries. We created and evaluated the efficacy of KIDNET, a child-friendly version of Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET), as a short-term treatment for children. Methods Six Somali children suffering from PTSD aged 12–17 years resident in a refugee settlement in Uganda were treated with four to six individual sessions of KIDNET by expert clinicians. Symptoms of PTSD and depression were assessed pre-treatment, post-treatment and at nine months follow-up using the CIDI Sections K and E. Results Important symptom reduction was evident immediately after treatment and treatment outcomes were sustained at the 9-month follow-up. All patients completed therapy, reported functioning gains and could be helped to reconstruct their traumatic experiences into a narrative with the use of illustrative material. Conclusions NET may be safe and effective to treat children with war related PTSD in the setting of refugee settlements in developing countries. PMID:15691374

Onyut, Lamaro P; Neuner, Frank; Schauer, Elisabeth; Ertl, Verena; Odenwald, Michael; Schauer, Maggie; Elbert, Thomas

2005-01-01

36

Using Narrative Classroom Cases to Promote Inquiry and Reflection on Mathematics, Teaching, and Learning  

E-print Network

181 Using Narrative Classroom Cases to Promote Inquiry and Reflection on Mathematics, Teaching; to illuminate moral or ethical issues; to convey strategies, dispositions, and habits of mind; and to provide

Spagnolo, Filippo

37

Experiences of abortion: A narrative review of qualitative studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Although abortion or termination of pregnancy (TOP) has become an increasingly normalized component of women's health care over the past forty years, insufficient attention has been paid to women's experiences of surgical or medical methods of TOP. OBJECTIVE: To undertake a narrative review of qualitative studies of women's experiences of TOP and their perspectives on surgical or medical methods.

Mabel LS Lie; Stephen C Robson; Carl R May

2008-01-01

38

Change Management and Complexity: The Case for Narrative Action Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Post-modern theorists have challenged the totalizing and unifying ambitions of change management practices. This paper explores how a narrative action research approach may be used to combine our modernist commitment to facilitate change and collaboration in the land management context with a post-modern sensitivity to complexity and difference.…

Boxelaar, Lucia; Paine, Mark; Beilin, Ruth

2007-01-01

39

The Narrative Turn and the Poetics of Resistance: Towards a New Language for Critical Educational Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues for the adoption of a new language in critical educational studies through the "narrative turn", a turn that politicizes knowledge by drawing attention to questions concerning the meaning, construction and authorship of narratives. In the authors' interpretation going back to the poetics of early narrative forms they…

Peters, Michael A.; Besley, Tina

2012-01-01

40

The Role of Narrative in Multimedia Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This descriptive case study investigated the role of narrative in multimedia learning and teaching and observed how teachers applied their understanding of narrative, and new constructivist technologies, to design multimedia presentations for instruction. The study looked specifically at the cognitive strategies, visual narrative concepts, and…

Diamond, Myrna Elyse

2011-01-01

41

Azithromycin, cardiovascular risks, QTc interval prolongation, torsade de pointes, and regulatory issues: A narrative review based on the study of case reports  

PubMed Central

Over the past year, three articles have appeared in the New England Journal of Medicine describing conflicting findings about azithromycin and cardiac safety, particular azithromycin-induced QTc interval prolongation and torsade de pointes. The FDA wants healthcare providers to consider azithromycin-induced fatal cardiac arrhythmias for patients already at risk for cardiac death and other potentially arrhythmogenic cardiovascular conditions. In a systematic review of case reports we sought to determine factors that link to azithromycin-induced/associated QTc interval prolongation and torsade de pointes. We found 12 cases: seven female and five male. Of the nine adults with reported azithromycin doses, concurrent QTc interval measurement, and without congenital long QT syndrome, we found no significant relationship between dose and QTc interval duration. Additional risk factors were female sex, older age, heart disease, QTc interval prolonging drugs and metabolic inhibitors, hypokalemia, and bradycardia. All 12 subjects had at least two additional risk factors. Elderly women with heart disease appear to be at particularly risk for drug-related QTc interval prolongation and torsade de pointes. PMID:25165550

Hancox, Jules C.; Hasnain, Mehrul; Crouse, Ericka L. Breden; Baranchuk, Adrian

2013-01-01

42

Intertextuality and Narrative Practices of Young Deaf Students in Classroom Contexts: A Microethnographic Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores how intertextuality influences the narrative practices of young deaf children in two classrooms. Specifically, the study examines how variations in what texts are made available to juxtapose and variations in how texts are juxtaposed influence the narratives young deaf children produce. A major premise underlying these two…

Kim, Minjeong

2012-01-01

43

The Influence of Asynchronous Video Communication on Learner Social Presence: A Narrative Analysis of Four Cases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online courses are increasingly using asynchronous video communication. However, little is known about how asynchronous video communication influences students' communication patterns. This study presents four narratives of students with varying characteristics who engaged in asynchronous video communication. The extrovert valued the efficiency of…

Borup, Jered; West, Richard E.; Graham, Charles R.

2013-01-01

44

Learning from preventable deaths: exploring case record reviewers' narratives using change analysis  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine if applying change analysis to the narrative reports made by reviewers of hospital deaths increases the utility of this information in the systematic analysis of patient harm. Design Qualitative analysis of causes and contributory factors underlying patient harm in 52 case narratives linked to preventable deaths derived from a retrospective case record review of 1000 deaths in acute National Health Service Trusts in 2009. Participants 52 preventable hospital deaths. Setting England. Main outcome measures The nature of problems in care and contributory factors underlying avoidable deaths in hospital. Results The change analysis approach enabled explicit characterisation of multiple problems in care, both across the admission and also at the boundary between primary and secondary care, and illuminated how these problems accumulate to cause harm. It demonstrated links between problems and underlying contributory factors and highlighted other threats to quality of care such as standards of end of life management. The method was straightforward to apply to multiple records and achieved good inter-rater reliability. Conclusion Analysis of case narratives using change analysis provided a richer picture of healthcare-related harm than the traditional approach, unpacking the nature of the problems, particularly by delineating omissions from acts of commission, thus facilitating more tailored responses to patient harm. PMID:24781159

Healey, Frances; Neale, Graham; Thomson, Richard; Black, Nick; Vincent, Charles

2014-01-01

45

A Longitudinal Study of Narrative Development in Children and Adolescents with Down Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined narrative development in children and adolescents with Down syndrome longitudinally. Narratives were collected from 32 children and adolescents with Down syndrome three times over a 1-year period. Both micro- and macrolevel analyses were conducted. Significant growth over the 1-year period was seen in semantic complexity…

Cleave, Patricia; Bird, Elizabeth Kay-Raining; Czutrin, Rachael; Smith, Lindsey

2012-01-01

46

From Parallel to Intersecting Narratives in Cases of Sexual Assault.  

PubMed

Restorative justice alternatives to criminal justice are designed to balance the needs of victims, offenders, families, friends, and the community at large to achieve social justice, repair of victims, and deterrence of crime. In the model we evaluated from RESTORE (Responsibility and Equity for Sexual Transgressions Offering a Restorative Experience), each offender and victim received individual services and met in guided conferencing to mutually determine reparative actions for the offender. At the exit meeting, the offender, as the responsible person, read a written apology to the survivor/victim. In this article, we analyze the expression of empathy in the apology, in which the initial mitigation of responsibility in early documents was replaced by acknowledgment of harm to the survivor/victim and acceptance of responsibility for the assault. Those accused of felony rape and those targeting a visible person in cases of misdemeanor indecent exposure expressed greater regret and remorse than offenders of indecent exposure with an indeterminate victim. PMID:22203383

Bletzer, Keith V; Koss, Mary P

2011-12-27

47

From parallel to intersecting narratives in cases of sexual assault.  

PubMed

Restorative justice alternatives to criminal justice are designed to balance the needs of victims, offenders, families, friends, and the community at large to achieve social justice, repair of victims, and deterrence of crime. In the model we evaluated from RESTORE (Responsibility and Equity for Sexual Transgressions Offering a Restorative Experience), each offender and victim received individual services and met in guided conferencing to mutually determine reparative actions for the offender. At the exit meeting, the offender, as the responsible person, read a written apology to the survivor/victim. In this article, we analyze the expression of empathy in the apology, in which the initial mitigation of responsibility in early documents was replaced by acknowledgment of harm to the survivor/victim and acceptance of responsibility for the assault. Those accused of felony rape and those targeting a visible person in cases of misdemeanor indecent exposure expressed greater regret and remorse than offenders of indecent exposure with an indeterminate victim. PMID:22307958

Bletzer, Keith V; Koss, Mary P

2012-03-01

48

Experiences of abortion: A narrative review of qualitative studies  

PubMed Central

Background Although abortion or termination of pregnancy (TOP) has become an increasingly normalized component of women's health care over the past forty years, insufficient attention has been paid to women's experiences of surgical or medical methods of TOP. Objective To undertake a narrative review of qualitative studies of women's experiences of TOP and their perspectives on surgical or medical methods. Methods Keyword searches of Medline, CINAHL, ISI, and IBSS databases. Manual searches of other relevant journals and reference lists of primary articles. Results Qualitative studies (n = 18) on women's experiences of abortion were identified. Analysis of the results of studies reviewed revealed three main themes: experiential factors that promote or inhibit the choice to seek TOP; experiences of TOP; and experiential aspects of the environment in which TOP takes place. Conclusion Women's choices about TOP are mainly pragmatic ones that are related to negotiating finite personal and family and emotional resources. Women who are well informed and supported in their choices experience good psychosocial outcomes from TOP. Home TOP using mifepristone appears attractive to women who are concerned about professionals' negative attitudes and lack of privacy in formal healthcare settings but also leads to concerns about management and safety. PMID:18637178

Lie, Mabel LS; Robson, Stephen C; May, Carl R

2008-01-01

49

Narrative Tension in I Kings I-II: A Study of the Structural and Thematic Unity of the Solomonic Narrative  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the past century, historical-critical scholarship on the reign of Solomon (I Kings I-II) has advanced the argument that the narrative is a heterogeneous mix of material, originating from diverse socio-historical settings. Reasonably enough, critical research on the Solomon narrative has concentrated on a number of compositional or redactional questions. The result of this research, however, is that the narrative

Kim Ian Parker

1988-01-01

50

Narrative tension in I Kings 1--11: A study of the structural and thematic unity of the Solomonic narrative  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the past century, historical-critical scholarship on the reign of Solomon (I Kings 1-11) has advanced the argument that the narrative is a heterogeneous mix of material, originating from diverse socio-historical settings. Reasonably enough, critical research on the Solomon narrative has concentrated on a number of compositional or redactional questions. The result of this research, however, is that the narrative

Kim Ian Parker

1988-01-01

51

Using "Master Narratives" to Teach History: The Case of the Civil Rights Movement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Narratives encompass ways of thinking historically and several skills of the historian, and Tom Holt believes it is imperative that educators teach--and their students learn--how to construct historical narratives. Understanding and constructing history as narratives opens up the historical project for students. Moreover, demonstrating how…

Frost, Jennifer

2012-01-01

52

Using Student and Teacher Artifacts as Case Studies in Educational Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a less expensive "close approximation," case studies are becoming increasingly common in courses in educational psychology, child development, and related disciplines. Typically case studies take the form of narratives depicting realistic classroom situations and problems. A case study does not have to be a narrative, however. Children's and…

Ormrod, Jeanne Ellis

2005-01-01

53

Supervised learning events in the Foundation Programme: a UK-wide narrative interview study  

PubMed Central

Objectives To explore Foundation trainees’ and trainers’ understandings and experiences of supervised learning events (SLEs), compared with workplace-based assessments (WPBAs), and their suggestions for developing SLEs. Design A narrative interview study based on 55 individual and 19 group interviews. Setting UK-wide study across three sites in England, Scotland and Wales. Participants Using maximum-variation sampling, 70 Foundation trainees and 40 trainers were recruited, shared their understandings and experiences of SLEs/WPBAs and made recommendations for future practice. Methods Data were analysed using thematic and discourse analysis and narrative analysis of one exemplar personal incident narrative. Results While participants volunteered understandings of SLEs as learning and assessment, they typically volunteered understandings of WPBAs as assessment. Trainers seemed more likely to describe SLEs as assessment and a ‘safety net’ to protect patients than trainees. We identified 333 personal incident narratives in our data (221 SLEs; 72 WPBAs). There was perceived variability in the conduct of SLEs/WPBAs in terms of their initiation, tools used, feedback and finalisation. Numerous factors at individual, interpersonal, cultural and technological levels were thought to facilitate/hinder learning. SLE narratives were more likely to be evaluated positively than WPBA narratives overall and by trainees specifically. Participants made sense of their experiences, emotions, identities and relationships through their narratives. They provided numerous suggestions for improving SLEs at individual, interpersonal, cultural and technological levels. Conclusions Our findings provide tentative support for the shift to formative learning with the introduction of SLEs, albeit raising concerns around trainees’ and trainers’ understandings about SLEs. We identify five key educational recommendations from our study. Additional research is now needed to explore further the complexities around SLEs within workplace learning. PMID:25324323

Rees, Charlotte E; Cleland, Jennifer A; Dennis, Ashley; Kelly, Narcie; Mattick, Karen; Monrouxe, Lynn V

2014-01-01

54

Using hybrid models to support the development of organizational evaluation capacity: a case narrative.  

PubMed

The ongoing need for public sector organizations to enhance their internal evaluation capacity is increasingly resulting in the use of hybrid evaluation project models, where internal evaluators work with external contracted evaluators to complete evaluative work. This paper first seeks to identify what is currently known about internal evaluation through a synthesis of the literature in this area. It then presents a case narrative illustrating how internal and external evaluation approaches may be used together to strengthen an evaluation project and to develop the evaluation capacity of the organization. Lessons learned include the need to integrate internal and external resources throughout the evaluation and to clarify expectations at the outset of the project. PMID:21555046

Bourgeois, Isabelle; Hart, Rebecca E; Townsend, Shannon H; Gagné, Marc

2011-08-01

55

With an Eye on "We": A Teacher Research Study of Students Using Narrative Inquiry to Critique Mexican American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this teacher research study was to examine narrative inquiry as a method for student engagement with course material and the local community. This study sought to understand how students perceived themselves within Mexican American history. While a number of studies have used oral history and narrative effectively, these studies

Luna, Enrique

2010-01-01

56

Narrative comprehension and production in children with SLI: An eye movement study  

PubMed Central

This study investigates narrative comprehension and production in children with specific language impairment (SLI). Twelve children with SLI (mean age 5; 8 years) and 12 typically developing children (mean age 5; 6 years) participated in an eye-tracking experiment designed to investigate online narrative comprehension and production in Catalan- and Spanish-speaking children with SLI. The comprehension task involved the recording of eye movements during the visual exploration of successive scenes in a story, while listening to the associated narrative. With regard to production, the children were asked to retell the story, while once again looking at the scenes, as their eye movements were monitored. During narrative production, children with SLI look at the most semantically relevant areas of the scenes fewer times than their age-matched controls, but no differences were found in narrative comprehension. Moreover, the analyses of speech productions revealed that children with SLI retained less information and made more semantic and syntactic errors during retelling. Implications for theories that characterize SLI are discussed. PMID:21453036

ANDREU, LLORENC; SANZ-TORRENT, MONICA; OLMOS, JOAN GUARDIA; MACWHINNEY, BRIAN

2014-01-01

57

Humanizing Patients through Narrative Approaches: The Case of Murphy, the "Motor-Mouth"  

PubMed Central

Background: Some psychiatric patients are presented as hopeless, burned out, and devoid of social graces. Staff of mental health centers and hospitals are not encouraged to view these people differently. A narrative perspective allows anyone to emerge as a richly complex human being. Method: A course presented students with the opportunity to create narrative descriptions of patients presented by medical staff as hopeless. Results: One student's narrative of “Murphy the Motor Mouth” is presented; it shows the validity and usefulness of the narrative approach in reconstructing a person to be avoided as an interesting, valuable, and richly complex human being. Conclusion: Murphy in story emerges as more interesting and worthy of knowing than the clinical Murphy constructed by medical staff. Narrative approaches offer a richness and intimacy that fosters a more therapeutic and effective relationship between patients and staff. PMID:20740118

Valenti, Michael Pickren; Mehl-Madrona, Lewis

2010-01-01

58

Becoming Researchers: A Narrative Study of Chinese University EFL Teachers' Research Practice and Their Professional Identity Construction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a narrative study of university EFL (English as a foreign language) teachers' research practices and their identity construction as researchers in China. Drawing upon data from narrative frames among 104 teachers and in-depth interviews with four teachers, the study reveals that teachers' increased research…

Xu, Yueting

2014-01-01

59

Narrative strategies in medical discourse: constructing the psychiatric 'case' in a non-western setting.  

PubMed

The organizing goal of the present study was to analyze and understand the 'discursive presentation' of the Egyptian psychiatric patient through the texts, or narratives, contained within the patient medical charts. It is argued that the medical record, as a written document blending overt medical imperatives with more unexamined cultural assumptions about self-hood and abnormality, is an unusually rich source of discursive data concerning the 'cultural negotiations' implicit in the construction of the patient according to the two (often competing) world views represented by western biomedicine and traditional Egyptian culture. Psychiatry in Egypt is much more than a 'foreign transplant'; to assume this is to deny the culturally constructed nature of western biomedicine and psychiatry, which have their roots in historical and cultural notions of self, society, the individual, and normality versus abnormality (Transcultural Psychiat. 35(3) (1998) 352). Egyptian psychiatry is the product of an ongoing active blending of two very different conceptualizations of these issues. PMID:12850115

Coker, Elizabeth M

2003-09-01

60

A 10-year longitudinal fMRI study of narrative comprehension in children and adolescents  

PubMed Central

Comprehension of spoken narratives requires coordination of multiple language skills. As such, for normal children narrative skills develop well into the school years and, during this period, are particularly vulnerable in the face of brain injury or developmental disorder. For these reasons, we sought to determine the developmental trajectory of narrative processing using longitudinal fMRI scanning. 30 healthy children between the ages of 5 and 18 enrolled at ages 5, 6, or 7, were examined annually for up to 10 years. At each fMRI session, children were presented with a set of five, 30s–long, stories containing 9, 10, or 11 sentences designed to be understood by a 5 year old child. FMRI data analysis was conducted based on a hierarchical linear model (HLM) that was modified to investigate developmental changes while accounting for missing data and controlling for factors such as age, linguistic performance and IQ. Performance testing conducted after each scan indicated well above the chance (p < 0.002) comprehension performance. There was a linear increase with increasing age in bilateral superior temporal cortical activation (BA 21 and 22) linked to narrative processing. Conversely, age-related decreases in cortical activation were observed in bilateral occipital regions, cingulate and cuneus, possibly reflecting changes in the default mode networks. The dynamic changes observed in this longitudinal fMRI study support the increasing role of bilateral BAs 21 and 22 in narrative comprehension, involving non-domain-specific integration in order to achieve final story interpretation. The presence of a continued linear development of this area throughout childhood and teenage years with no apparent plateau, indicates that full maturation of narrative processing skills has not yet occurred and that it may be delayed to early adulthood. PMID:22951258

Szaflarski, Jerzy P.; Altaye, Mekibib; Rajagopal, Akila; Eaton, Kenneth; Meng, XiangXiang; Plante, Elena; Holland, Scott K.

2012-01-01

61

The Role of the Scientific Discovery Narrative in Middle School Science Education: An Experimental Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an experimental study (N = 209), the authors compared the effects of exposure to typical middle-school written science content when presented in the context of the scientific discovery narrative and when presented in a more traditional nonnarrative format on 7th and 8th grade students in the United States. The development of texts was…

Arya, Diana J.; Maul, Andrew

2012-01-01

62

The landscape of caring for women: a narrative study of midwifery practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our purpose was to expand knowledge on the process and outcomes of midwifery care. Narrative analysis was used to interpret stories provided by midwives to illustrate their practice and recipients of midwifery care about their experience. A purposive sample of 14 midwives and four recipients of midwifery care was recruited as a subsample from a prior Delphi study on midwifery

Holly Powell Kennedy; Maureen T Shannon; M. Kathryn Kravetz

2004-01-01

63

A Narrative Study of Women Leading within the Council for Christian Colleges & Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is based on a 3-year narrative study that tells the stories of five women leading within the Council for Christian Colleges & Universities (CCCU). Women leaders are under-represented within this sector of higher education compared to other religious and/or private higher education institutions even though women comprise approximately…

Dahlvig, Jolyn E.

2013-01-01

64

Autoethnographic Poems and Narrative Reflections: A Qualitative Study on the Death of a Companion Animal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the meaning of the death of a companion animal through autoethnographic poetry in conjunction with narrative reflections. This method expands the depth and scope of poetry in qualitative research by transforming expressive works into both the subject and product of inquiry.

Furman, Rich

2005-01-01

65

Residents Learning from a Narrative Experience with Dying Patients: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For patients at the end of life, it is crucial to address the psychological, existential, and spiritual distress of patients. Medical education research suggests trainees feel unprepared to provide the whole person, humanistic care held as the ideal. This study used an empirically based narrative intervention, the dignity interview, as an…

Tait, Glendon R.; Hodges, Brian D.

2013-01-01

66

Transfer students in theatre: A narrative study of transferring from community colleges to four-year institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The transfer student phenomenon in higher education is as increasingly complex as the transfer students causing the phenomenon. The collection of narratives in this study reflected transfer experiences of theatre students who were navigating the educational pipeline from community colleges to four-year institutions to major in the theatre discipline. An analysis of the narratives using Schlossberg's transition theory (1984) and

Jennifer Anne Terry Boyenga

2009-01-01

67

Structured narrative retell instruction for young children from low socioeconomic backgrounds: a preliminary study of feasibility  

PubMed Central

Successful acquisition of literacy depends on adequate development of decoding skills as well as broader, meaning-related knowledge and skills for text comprehension. Children from low socioeconomic status (SES) backgrounds are often challenged in both domains, relative to peers who are not economically disadvantaged. The efficacy of code-focused instructional programs for at-risk preliterate children is well supported, but less evidence is available regarding interventions to improve broader language and comprehension skills. This preliminary study tested the feasibility of a new intervention, “structured narrative retell instruction” (SNRI), and explored its potential to enhance meaning-related knowledge and skills, including vocabulary, listening comprehension, and narrative skills, in pre-literate, low SES children. SNRI used authentic children's books to model comprehension processes, explicitly teach story grammar, and implicitly target microstructural aspects of narratives. Participants included 9 children with a mean age of 60 months, who were randomly assigned to SNRI or to code-focused literacy instruction (CFLI). Each group received 12, 40-min instructional sessions over 6 weeks. Pre- and post-tests were administered to assess vocabulary, listening comprehension, narrative macrostructure and narrative microstructure, as well as alphabet knowledge, phonological awareness, and concepts of print. The feasibility of SNRI was demonstrated by completion of the designed study, moderately high treatment fidelity, and qualitative feedback from interventionists. The SNRI group also made significant gains on 4 of the 7 meaning-related measures (p < 0.10). In comparison, the CFLI group made significant gains on 2 of 7 meaning-related measures. We conclude that SNRI is feasible and shows potential for improving language skills related to comprehension and that further research investigating its efficacy is warranted. PMID:24847295

Adlof, Suzanne M.; McLeod, Angela N.; Leftwich, Brianne

2014-01-01

68

Structured narrative retell instruction for young children from low socioeconomic backgrounds: a preliminary study of feasibility.  

PubMed

Successful acquisition of literacy depends on adequate development of decoding skills as well as broader, meaning-related knowledge and skills for text comprehension. Children from low socioeconomic status (SES) backgrounds are often challenged in both domains, relative to peers who are not economically disadvantaged. The efficacy of code-focused instructional programs for at-risk preliterate children is well supported, but less evidence is available regarding interventions to improve broader language and comprehension skills. This preliminary study tested the feasibility of a new intervention, "structured narrative retell instruction" (SNRI), and explored its potential to enhance meaning-related knowledge and skills, including vocabulary, listening comprehension, and narrative skills, in pre-literate, low SES children. SNRI used authentic children's books to model comprehension processes, explicitly teach story grammar, and implicitly target microstructural aspects of narratives. Participants included 9 children with a mean age of 60 months, who were randomly assigned to SNRI or to code-focused literacy instruction (CFLI). Each group received 12, 40-min instructional sessions over 6 weeks. Pre- and post-tests were administered to assess vocabulary, listening comprehension, narrative macrostructure and narrative microstructure, as well as alphabet knowledge, phonological awareness, and concepts of print. The feasibility of SNRI was demonstrated by completion of the designed study, moderately high treatment fidelity, and qualitative feedback from interventionists. The SNRI group also made significant gains on 4 of the 7 meaning-related measures (p < 0.10). In comparison, the CFLI group made significant gains on 2 of 7 meaning-related measures. We conclude that SNRI is feasible and shows potential for improving language skills related to comprehension and that further research investigating its efficacy is warranted. PMID:24847295

Adlof, Suzanne M; McLeod, Angela N; Leftwich, Brianne

2014-01-01

69

Visual Versus Narrative Case Material: The Impact on Criminal Psychological Profiling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although some literature has emerged to examine the validity and constituent skills required for psychological profiling, little research has scrutinized how the technique works. This study examined the effects of case material on profiling proficiency. This was accomplished by alternating the case material available to participants in a profiling exercise. Groups of participants were presented with either a full case

Richard N. Kocsis; Gillian Z. Heller; Andrew Try

2003-01-01

70

The use of narrative strategies based on fairytales as a novel, integrative ingredient in CBT: a case report.  

PubMed

Even though cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is often the recommended treatment for mental health problems, it may present limitations when dealing with existential or moral issues. The aim of this case report is to describe the introduction of narrative techniques based on traditional fairytales in the process of CBT, in order to overcome treatment resistances and to help the patient in dealing with major life crises. In the case presented, the joint use of these two techniques helped the patient to achieve the right self-distance from her problems, allowing her to reach a new, wider perspective and a subjective self-maturation. PMID:24607080

Ruini, Chiara; Ottolini, Fedra

2014-01-01

71

Component processes of early reading, spelling, and narrative writing skills in Turkish: a longitudinal study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study examined: (a) the role of phonological, grammatical, and rapid automatized naming (RAN) skills in reading and spelling\\u000a development; and (b) the component processes of early narrative writing skills. Fifty-seven Turkish-speaking children were\\u000a followed from Grade 1 to Grade 2. RAN was the most powerful longitudinal predictor of reading speed and its effect was evident\\u000a even when previous reading

Selma Babayi?it; Rhona Stainthorp

2010-01-01

72

Acculturation Attitudes and Perceptions of Collective Narratives: The Case of Israeli Arab Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between acculturation attitudes and attitudes toward collective narratives is explored in the context of Palestinian adolescents, citizens of the State of Israel. Employing Berry's acculturation framework, we expected that approaching the hegemonic Israeli Jewish culture would be related to higher acceptance of its collective…

Ayalon, Ariel; Sagy, Shifra

2011-01-01

73

Elk Habitat: A Case Study of Scientific Inquiry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case study is an excellent way to help students think like scientists as they work to solve a dilemma. This article describes a case study of elk in Yellowstone National Park. Students read short narratives, based on scientific research data, about the puzzling question of why some elk live substantially longer than others in certain areas of…

Graves, C. John

2009-01-01

74

Memory Keepers: A Narrative Study on Siblings Never Known  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on literature relevant to the impact of sibling death, the authors examined the invisible loss of siblings never known. This article presents findings of a phenomenological study of 15 adult siblings who “storied” the psychological presence and power of a deceased infant sibling never known but who acted as memory keepers for their unknown sibling. Transcriptions of the 15

Diane Kempson; Vicki Murdock

2010-01-01

75

Memory Keepers: A Narrative Study on Siblings Never Known  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on literature relevant to the impact of sibling death, the authors examined the invisible loss of siblings never known. This article presents findings of a phenomenological study of 15 adult siblings who "storied" the psychological presence and power of a deceased infant sibling never known but who acted as memory keepers for their unknown…

Kempson, Diane; Murdock, Vicki

2010-01-01

76

Narrative Intelligence from the Bottom Up: A Computational Framework for the Study of StoryTelling in Autonomous Agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses Narrative Intelligence from a bottom up, Artificial Life perspective. First, different levels of narrative intelligence are discussed in the context of human and robotic story-tellers. Then, we introduce a computational framework which is based on minimal definitions of stories, story-telling and autobiographic agents. An experimental test-bed is described which is applied to the study of story- telling,

Kerstin Dautenhahn; Steven J. Coles

2001-01-01

77

Beneath and beyond truth: studying literary narratives to research human phenomena  

Microsoft Academic Search

The majority of social scientists continue to dismiss literary narratives as data that might lead to complex understandings of human phenomena. Introducing a method I call ‘novel inquiry’, I argue that literary narratives merit inclusion as a source of data for educational inquiry. Utilizing literary narratives as a data source expands and redefines the current qualitative methodological landscape because its

Stacy Otto

2007-01-01

78

Patients' narratives.  

PubMed

Patients who suffer from inflammatory skin disease are at risk of stigmatisation and physical and psychological co-morbidities. To an extent these issues can be offset by effective coping strategies. The cumulative balance of these interactions will often lead to impairment, especially in those whose coping mechanisms are maladaptive or do not exist. When this situation arises, the detrimental effect of these various morbidities is termed 'cumulative life course impairment' (CLCI). We present 2 typical cases, one of a patient suffering from severe psoriasis and another of a patient suffering severe atopic eczema, as examples of how patients with inflammatory skin disease may be affected by CLCI. Their experiences demonstrate that the presence of inflammatory skin disease changes key life choices with resultant effect on career and relationships, amongst others. Although longitudinal evidence to support this CLCI is lacking, these patient narratives add support to the concept of CLCI. PMID:23796819

Foulkes, Amy C; Warren, Richard B

2013-01-01

79

Artfulness in Young Children's Spoken Narratives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: Artfulness is rarely considered as an indicator of quality in young children's spoken narratives. Although some studies have examined artfulness in the narratives of children 5 and older, no studies to date have focused on the artfulness of preschoolers' oral narratives. This study examined the artfulness of fictional spoken narratives produced by 43 children aged 3 and 4.

Katherine Glenn-Applegate; Allison Breit-Smith; Laura M. Justice; Shayne B. Piasta

2010-01-01

80

Next of kin's experiences of sudden and unexpected death from stroke - a study of narratives  

PubMed Central

Background Death always evokes feelings in those close to the afflicted person. When death comes suddenly the time for preparation is minimal and the next of kin have to cope with the situation despite their own sorrow. The suddenness is found to be stressful for the next of kin and communication both with healthcare professionals and information about what has happened has been found helpful. The aim of this study was to illuminate the experiences of next of kin from the sudden and unexpected death of a relative from acute stroke. Methods Data was collected over a 12-month period in 2009–2010. Twelve next of kin of patients cared for in stroke units who died suddenly and unexpectedly from stroke were interviewed using a narrative method. The narratives were analyzed using narrative thematic analysis. Results Three themes emerged showing facets of next of kin’s experiences of a relative’s sudden and unexpected death from stroke: Divided feelings about the sudden and unexpected death; Perception of time and directed attention when keeping vigil; Contradictions and arbitrary memories when searching for understanding. Conclusions To have to live in the aftermath of severe stroke is absolute horror in people’s imagination and death is seen as the lesser of two evils. The sudden and unexpected death totally pervades the next of kin’s life, directs their attention to the dying person and even causes them to forget themselves and their own needs, and leads to difficulties in information intake. It is a challenge for the healthcare professionals to be able to identify the individual needs of the next of kin in this situation. PMID:23590246

2013-01-01

81

Holding harm: narrative methods in mental health research on refugee trauma.  

PubMed

In this article, we question narrative inquiry's predominant ethics of benefit when engaging in narrative research on trauma and social suffering. Through a particular focus on the use of a narrative methodology in a refugee health study, we explore the potential risk and protective function of narrative trauma research with vulnerable respondents. A review of ethical questions emerging during the course of a multiple-case study with refugee families documents how narrative methods' characteristics clearly revisit the impact of traumatization on autonomy, narrativity, and relationship building in participants and, thus, evoke the replay of traumatic experience within the research relationship itself. Blurring a straightforward ethics of benefit, this reactivation of trauma accounts for the research relationship's balancing movement between reiterating and transforming traumatic distress, and urges for the need to contain coexisting aspects of both harm and benefit in developing narrative research with traumatized participants. PMID:20663941

De Haene, Lucia; Grietens, Hans; Verschueren, Karine

2010-12-01

82

The use of laser therapy for dental implant surface decontamination: a narrative review of in vitro studies.  

PubMed

The aim of this narrative review was to critically evaluate in vitro studies assessing the efficacy of lasers in the bacterial decontamination of titanium implant surfaces. The MEDLINE, Web of Knowledge and Embase electronic databases were used to search for articles relating to the use of lasers in the bacterial decontamination of titanium specimen surfaces using predetermined search statements. Clinical studies, case reports, case series, review articles and animal models were excluded. Study selection was carried out independently and then cross-checked by two authors through abstract viewing. Eighteen articles were selected for full-text analysis. Erbium-doped yttrium-aluminium-garnet lasers had a wide range of powers capable of inducing bacterial decontamination. While carbon dioxide and gallium-aluminium-arsenide diode lasers demonstrated the ability to produce bacterial decontamination, the bacterial sensitivity to each varied depending on the species involved. There is no concensus on the laser type or settings that are optimal for bacterial decontamination of titanium implant surfaces as studies employ various test specimens, contamination methodologies, irradiation settings and protocols, and outcome measures resulting in limited study comparability. More investigations are required to provide guidelines for the use of laser therapy in the decontamination of implant surfaces. PMID:23907604

Kamel, Marina Salah; Khosa, Amardeep; Tawse-Smith, Andrew; Leichter, Jonathan

2014-11-01

83

Discourse Markers in Chinese Conversational Narrative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the indexicality of discourse markers (DMs) in Chinese conversational narrative. Drawing upon theoretical and methodological principles related to narrative dimensions (Ochs & Capps, 2001), narrative desires (Ochs, 1997, 2004), and narrative positioning (Bamberg, 1997), this work proposes an integrated analytical framework for…

Xiao, Yang

2010-01-01

84

Levels of Narrative Analysis in Health Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The past 10–15 years have seen a rapid increase in the study of narrative across all the social sciences. It is sometimes assumed that narrative has the same meaning irrespective of the context in which it is expressed. This article considers different levels of narrative analysis within health psychology. Specifically, it considers the character of health and illness narratives as

Michael Murray

2000-01-01

85

Is it possible to identify patient's sex when reading blinded illness narratives? An experimental study about gender bias  

PubMed Central

Background In many diseases men and women, for no apparent medical reason, are not offered the same investigations and treatment in health care. This may be due to staff's stereotypical preconceptions about men and women, i.e., gender bias. In the clinical situation it is difficult to know whether gender differences in management reflect physicians' gender bias or male and female patients' different needs or different ways of expressing their needs. To shed some light on these possibilities this study investigated to what extent it was possible to identify patients' sex when reading their blinded illness narratives, i.e., do male and female patients express themselves differently enough to be recognised as men and women without being categorised on beforehand? Methods Eighty-one authentic letters about being diseased by cancer were blinded regarding sex and read by 130 students of medicine and psychology. For each letter the participants were asked to give the author's sex and to explain their choice. The success rates were analysed statistically. To illuminate the participants' reasoning the explanations of four letters were analysed qualitatively. Results The patient's sex was correctly identified in 62% of the cases, with significantly higher rates in male narratives. There were no differences between male and female participants. In the qualitative analysis the choice of a male writer was explained by: a short letter; formal language; a focus on facts and a lack of emotions. In contrast the reasons for the choice of a woman were: a long letter; vivid language; mention of emotions and interpersonal relationships. Furthermore, the same expressions were interpreted differently depending on whether the participant believed the writer to be male or female. Conclusion It was possible to detect gender differences in the blinded illness narratives. The students' explanations for their choice of sex agreed with common gender stereotypes implying that such stereotypes correspond, at least on a group level, to differences in male and female patients' illness descriptions. However, it was also obvious that preconceptions about gender obstructed and biased the interpretations, a finding with implications for the understanding of gender bias in clinical practice. PMID:18710522

Andersson, Jenny; Salander, Par; Brandstetter-Hiltunen, Marie; Knutsson, Emma; Hamberg, Katarina

2008-01-01

86

Reading Literacy Narratives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that literacy studies can contribute to the general field of literary criticism. Uses George Bernard Shaw's "Pygmalion" as an introduction to the concept of literacy narratives, raising many questions about the process and politics of language acquisition. (SR)

Eldred, Janet Carey; Mortensen, Peter

1992-01-01

87

Bullying, disability and work: a case study of workplace bullying  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present a case study of a woman diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS) who was bullied out of her workplace. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper commences with a narrative about our protagonist, Miranda (a pseudonym), before offering some important contextual theoretical information, including: a discussion of employment concerns for people with disability generally,

Margaret H. Vickers

2009-01-01

88

Long term effects of childhood trauma: A study of child survivors of the Holocaust using narrative coding analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on trauma related to state sponsored genocide. Specifically it examines the long-term effects of trauma endured by child survivors of the Holocaust using a narrative coding analysis of transcribed interviews (N = 100) conducted by the International Study of Organized Persecution of Children (ISOPC) of Child Development Research (CDR). The relevant literature is reviewed, including qualitative and

Gila Sandler

2010-01-01

89

Neural correlates and network connectivity underlying narrative production and comprehension: a combined fMRI and PET study.  

PubMed

The neural correlates of narrative production and comprehension remain poorly understood. Here, using positron emission tomography (PET), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), contrast and functional network connectivity analyses we comprehensively characterize the neural mechanisms underlying these complex behaviors. Eighteen healthy subjects told and listened to fictional stories during scanning. In addition to traditional language areas (e.g., left inferior frontal and posterior middle temporal gyri), both narrative production and comprehension engaged regions associated with mentalizing and situation model construction (e.g., dorsomedial prefrontal cortex, precuneus and inferior parietal lobules) as well as neocortical premotor areas, such as the pre-supplementary motor area and left dorsal premotor cortex. Narrative comprehension alone showed marked bilaterality, activating right hemisphere homologs of perisylvian language areas. Narrative production remained predominantly left lateralized, uniquely activating executive and motor-related regions essential to language formulation and articulation. Connectivity analyses revealed strong associations between language areas and the superior and middle temporal gyri during both tasks. However, only during storytelling were these same language-related regions connected to cortical and subcortical motor regions. In contrast, during story comprehension alone, they were strongly linked to regions supporting mentalizing. Thus, when employed in a more complex, ecologically-valid context, language production and comprehension show both overlapping and idiosyncratic patterns of activation and functional connectivity. Importantly, in each case the language system is integrated with regions that support other cognitive and sensorimotor domains. PMID:24845161

AbdulSabur, Nuria Y; Xu, Yisheng; Liu, Siyuan; Chow, Ho Ming; Baxter, Miranda; Carson, Jessica; Braun, Allen R

2014-08-01

90

Living Into the Story: Agency and Coherence in a Longitudinal Study of Narrative Identity Development and Mental Health Over the Course of Psychotherapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Narrative identity is the internalized, evolving story of the self that each person crafts to provide his or her life with a sense of purpose and unity. A proliferation of empirical research studies focused on narrative identity have explored its relationship with psychological well-being. The present study is the first prospective, multiwave longitudinal investigation to examine short-term personality change via

Jonathan M. Adler

2012-01-01

91

Transfer Students in Theatre: A Narrative Study of Transferring from Community Colleges to Four-Year Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transfer student phenomenon in higher education is as increasingly complex as the transfer students causing the phenomenon. The collection of narratives in this study reflected transfer experiences of theatre students who were navigating the educational pipeline from community colleges to four-year institutions to major in the theatre…

Terry Boyenga, Jennifer

2009-01-01

92

Barriers and facilitators for integrating digital narratives in secondary school science instruction: A media specialist's action research study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Media specialists are increasingly assuming professional development roles as they collaborate with teachers to design instruction that combines content with technology. I am a media specialist in an independent school, and collaborated with two science teachers over a three-year period to integrate technology with their instruction. This action study explored integration of a digital narrative project in three eighth-grade earth

Susan Midland

2008-01-01

93

Intentional Control and Operational Constraints in Prosodic Phrasing: A Study of Picture-Elicited Narrations by French Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study deals with the determinants of prosodic phrasing in French schoolchildren's narratives. Children (aged 7 to 11) told picture stories to a silent same-age peer. The establishment of temporal and/or causal relations between the events was more or less guided by the drawings (ordered vs. arbitrary sequences). The comprehension of the…

Vion, Monique; Colas, Annie

2009-01-01

94

Narrative change in emotion-focused psychotherapy: A study on the evolution of reflection and protest innovative moments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Innovative moments (IMs) are exceptions to a client's problematic self-narrative in the therapeutic dialogue. The innovative moments coding system is a tool which tracks five different types of IMs—action, reflection, protest, reconceptualization and performing change. An in-depth qualitative analysis of six therapeutic cases of emotion-focused therapy (EFT) investigated the role of two of the most common IMs—reflection and protest—in both

Inês Mendes; António P. Ribeiro; Lynne Angus; Leslie S. Greenberg; Inês Sousa; Miguel M. Gonçalves

2011-01-01

95

Sounding Narrative Medicine: Studying Students' Professional Identity Development at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons  

PubMed Central

Purpose To learn what medical students derive from training in humanities, social sciences, and the arts in a narrative medicine curriculum and to explore narrative medicine’s framework as it relates to students’ professional development. Method On completion of required intensive, half-semester narrative medicine seminars in 2010, 130 second-year medical students at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons participated in focus group discussions of their experiences. Focus group transcriptions were submitted to close iterative reading by a team who performed a grounded-theory-guided content analysis, generating a list of codes into which statements were sorted to develop overarching themes. Provisional interpretations emerged from the close and repeated readings, suggesting a fresh conceptual understanding of how and through what avenues such education achieves its goals in clinical training. Results Students’ comments articulated the known features of narrative medicine—attention, representation, and affiliation—and endorsed all three as being valuable to professional identity development. They spoke of the salience of their work in narrative medicine to medicine and medical education and its dividends of critical thinking, reflection, and pleasure. Critiques constituted a small percentage of the statements in each category. Conclusions Students report that narrative medicine seminars support complex interior, interpersonal, perceptual, and expressive capacities. Students’ lived experiences confirm some expectations of narrative medicine curricular planners while exposing fresh effects of such work to view. PMID:24362390

Miller, Eliza; Balmer, Dorene; Hermann, Nellie; Graham, Gillian; Charon, Rita

2014-01-01

96

Case Study: Uretero What?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for high school, undergraduate and/or professional students in physiology and anatomy. In particular this case study explores reproductive biology. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Laura Lorentzen (Kean University Science and Technology Education)

2008-04-08

97

Case Study: Shark Attack  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy or anatomy lab. In particular this case study explores the anatomy of the upper extremity. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Herbert House (Elon University Biology)

2002-05-24

98

Case Study: Chemical Eric  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for high school and undergraduate students in anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores anatomy of the pituitary and symptoms and diseases associated with pituitary tumors. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Eric Ribbens (Western Illinois University Biological Sciences)

2006-01-06

99

Case Study: Ellen's Choice  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores spinal anatomy, aging of bone, and explores the basic physiology of inflammation. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Elizabeth Harper (New York University Steinhardt School of Education Department of Health Studies)

2001-04-03

100

Native American Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Native American Case Studies collection includes more than 80 original, research-based teaching cases focusing on contemporary issues in Indian Country. Teaching notes accompany each case. These can be downloaded and used at no cost. Additional website resources include information on teaching with cases and assessment. Guidelines for submitting cases are also available.

College, The E.; College, Northwest I.; College, Salish K.; College, Grays H.

101

In Her Own Voice: A Narrative Study of the Persistence Strategies of Eight African American Women Vice Presidents for Student Affairs at Predominately White Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This narrative study explored the personal and professional experiences of eight African American women vice presidents for student affairs (VPSA) employed at predominately White institutions (PWIs) and the persistence strategies they used while working at a PWI. Through the use of narrative inquiry methods, I utilized a purposeful sample of eight…

Hylton, Dahlia Gabrielle

2012-01-01

102

Measuring narrative truthiness: Construction and validation of the Narrative Believability Scale (NBS22)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Past research has identified characteristics of narratives that determine the effectiveness of a narrative for influencing attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors. The current project developed and tested a measure of narrative believability based on four of these constructs: coverage, consistency, completeness, and plausibility. In the first study, undergraduate students (N = 474) read two narratives and completed a survey that included

Robert N Yale

2011-01-01

103

Parental styles of narrative elicitation: effect on children's narrative structure and content  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two contrastive studies of personal experience narration in two mother-child pairs are reported. The relationship between patterns of narrative elicitation and the children's developing narrative skill are investigated. Three sets of data were analysed: mother's utterances during mother-child elicitation, children's spontaneously provided contextual orientation in narratives elicited by a neutral researcher when the children were between 27 and 44 months

Carole Peterson; Allyssa McCabe

1992-01-01

104

Slave Narratives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With a powerful narration by Dr. Maya Angelou, the opening frames of the Slave Narratives website pique even the most casual visitorsâ interest immediately. Created by the Museum of the African Diaspora (based in San Francisco), the site features an innovative interface that allows users to roll over a series of multicolored dots to learn about the first-hand perspectives of slaves such as Francis Bok, Mary Prince, Fountain Hughes, Harriet Jacobs, and Juan Francisco Manzano. As Dr. AngelouâÂÂs voice intones an introduction to each individualâÂÂs narrative, visitors can read a transcript of their story, or just listen along. Visitors who wish to learn more will want to consult the âÂÂResourcesâ area which includes bibliographic information for related works that tell of such experiences.

105

Case Study: Football Fanaticism  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate and professional degree students in anatomy, physiology and/or pharmaceutical sciences. In particular this case study explores the anatomy of the central nervous system, major motor and sensory tracts. Integrative physiology courses may use this case to incorporate the immune, nervous and cardiovascular systems. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

PhD Dayton J Ford (St. Louis College of Pharmacy Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences)

2003-07-03

106

Racial Microaggressions: The Narratives of African American Faculty at a Predominantly White University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What role does race play in the lives of fourteen African American (7 women, 7 men) faculty on a predominantly White campus? This case study focuses on their narratives which revealed that racial microaggressions were a common and negative facet of their lives on campus. Specifically, their narratives suggest interactions of microinvalidations…

Pittman, Chavella T.

2012-01-01

107

Case Studies Behavior Modification.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The case histories of five students enrolled in a university course in how to study are reported. The students ranged in age from 18 to 35, included two males and three females, and varied in school experience from no college in one case and some college in two cases to college degrees in two cases. Students were initially taught to chart their…

Wark, David M.

108

Struggling with the fragility of life: a relational-narrative approach to ethics in palliative nursing.  

PubMed

In nursing ethics the role of narratives and dialogue has become more prominent in recent years. The purpose of this article is to illuminate a relational-narrative approach to ethics in the context of palliative nursing. The case study presented concerns a difficult relationship between oncology nurses and a husband whose wife was hospitalized with cancer. The husband's narrative is an expression of depression, social isolation and the loss of hope. He found no meaning in the process of dying and death. The oncology nurses were not able to recognize his emotional and existential problems. A narrative perspective inspired by relational ethics indicates that participants may develop a relational narrative that seeks good for all involved in a situation. In palliative nursing this entails open communication about the fragility of life and approaching death. In relational narratives, answers to these ethical dilemmas are co-authored, contingent and contextual. PMID:16045242

Abma, Tineke A

2005-07-01

109

Assessing adolescents with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: A multiple perspective pilot study using visual illness narratives and interviews  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the illness experiences of adolescents with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) using Video Intervention\\/Prevention Assessment (VIA). Five adolescents with IDDM were asked to videotape 8 hours of their lives over a 1-month period. At the conclusion of the study, the primary investigator interviewed each adolescent and their diabetes clinician. VIA visual illness narratives and follow-up interviews provided clinically

Mara H. Buchbinder; Mark J. Detzer; Robert L. Welsch; Ann S. Christiano; Jennifer L. Patashnick; Michael Rich

2005-01-01

110

Moral dilemmas film task: A study of spontaneous narratives by individuals with autism spectrum conditions.  

PubMed

People with autism spectrum conditions (ASC) have difficulties with mentalizing, empathy, and narrative comprehension. A new test of social and narrative cognition, the Moral Dilemmas Film Task, was developed to probe individuals' spontaneous understanding of naturalistic film scenes. Twenty-eight individuals with ASC and 28 neurotypical controls, matched for age, sex, and IQ, watched four short emotionally charged film clips each depicting a moral dilemma, and were asked to write about what they had seen. Individuals with ASC produced significantly shorter film-based narratives and showed a smaller bias for mental states over objects in their narratives than controls. A significant correlation was found between verbal IQ and the level of mentalizing in film narratives for the ASC group, but not the control group, while the reverse pattern was found with a measure of self-reported cognitive and affective empathy. These results suggest that to the extent that both groups succeed in viewing moral dilemmas in terms of mental content, they do so in different ways, with individuals with ASC using verbal scaffolding to increase their ability to draw meaning from social scenes. The well-established empathy deficit in ASC extends to spontaneous interpretation of moral dilemmas. This new film task has the potential to assay different aspects of how the social world is represented differently in ASC, including during moral comprehension. PMID:19575384

Barnes, Jennifer L; Lombardo, Michael V; Wheelwright, Sally; Baron-Cohen, Simon

2009-06-01

111

The case study approach.  

PubMed

The case study approach allows in-depth, multi-faceted explorations of complex issues in their real-life settings. The value of the case study approach is well recognised in the fields of business, law and policy, but somewhat less so in health services research. Based on our experiences of conducting several health-related case studies, we reflect on the different types of case study design, the specific research questions this approach can help answer, the data sources that tend to be used, and the particular advantages and disadvantages of employing this methodological approach. The paper concludes with key pointers to aid those designing and appraising proposals for conducting case study research, and a checklist to help readers assess the quality of case study reports. PMID:21707982

Crowe, Sarah; Cresswell, Kathrin; Robertson, Ann; Huby, Guro; Avery, Anthony; Sheikh, Aziz

2011-01-01

112

The case study approach  

PubMed Central

The case study approach allows in-depth, multi-faceted explorations of complex issues in their real-life settings. The value of the case study approach is well recognised in the fields of business, law and policy, but somewhat less so in health services research. Based on our experiences of conducting several health-related case studies, we reflect on the different types of case study design, the specific research questions this approach can help answer, the data sources that tend to be used, and the particular advantages and disadvantages of employing this methodological approach. The paper concludes with key pointers to aid those designing and appraising proposals for conducting case study research, and a checklist to help readers assess the quality of case study reports. PMID:21707982

2011-01-01

113

NARRATIVITY IN TEXT CONSTRUCTION AND SELF CONSTRUCTION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper tries to suggest parallels between the study of narrative organization in psychol- ogy and the philosophical trends towards a decomposed view of the human mind. It starts off from an analysis of narrative organization in modern memory research. The substan- tial message of this research from the point of view of narrative studies is threefold: it em- phasizes

CSABA PLÉH

2003-01-01

114

HURI SURI: Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The HURI SURI project is developing a regional biotechnology workforce pipeline by expanding and supporting biotechnology research experiences for Jamestown Community College (JCC) undergraduates and disseminating these research experiences and materials to area high school teachers and students. This page includes two case studies, "Mosquito and walbachia" and "Heartworm Experimental Design." Students will examine these case studies and then complete the worksheet for the SCA in class case study

2014-07-15

115

Research Ethics Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This series of case studies, developed to enhance a Trinity College Summer Research Program, raises provocative ethical questions of interest to scientists, teachers and students involved in research.

Alison J. Draper (Trinity College;); Sharon Stickley (St. Joseph College;)

2010-05-28

116

Language Policy and Literacy Practices in the Family: The Case of Ethiopian Parental Narrative Input  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study analyses the Family Language Policy (FLP) in regards language literacy development of children in Ethiopian immigrant families. Bridging the gap between linguistic literacy at home and at school hinders a smooth societal integration and a normative literacy development. This study describes the home literacy patterns shaped by…

Stavans, Anat

2012-01-01

117

Learning Morality in Peer Conflict: A Study of Schoolchildren's Narratives about Being Betrayed by a Friend  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the narratives of Dutch schoolchildren from varied cultural-ethnic backgrounds discussing experiences of being betrayed by a friend, and the lessons they learned from the experience. In line with earlier social constructivist research in western societies, the authors found that peers and friends acted as highly emotional…

Singer, Elly; Doornenbal, Jeannette

2006-01-01

118

Sable Queens in Bondage: Reading, Independent Study, and Research on the American Slave Narrative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the scope and historical significance of biographies and autobiographies of ex-slaves. The document focuses primarily on accounts of black women published from 1820-1860, but also discusses several narratives from colonial times. Exploits of famous women slaves including Harriet Tubman and Sojourner Truth are analyzed along…

Denniston, Dorothy L.

119

Seeing Ourselves Reflected in Our Narratives: Studies in Culture and Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes and evaluates three wholly integrated classroom programs at Robert Morris College in Pittsburgh, in two different writing/communication curriculums, involving the students' creation of a portfolio as an organic and expanding set of inter-related narrations, written and spoken, based on constant, though diversified reflections…

Young, Michael W.

120

Narrative reviews  

PubMed Central

Although qualitative researches (QR) are invaluable in understanding complex healthcare situations, the quantitative systematic reviews could not treat them. To improve quality of healthcare services, results of QR should be considered in healthcare decision-making processes. Several methods and theories for synthesizing evidences of QR have been developed. In order to activate the narrative reviews and mixed methods reviews in Korean healthcare academies, I arranged the related nomenclatures and suggested some issues to conduct them. PMID:25223334

Bae, Jong-Myon

2014-01-01

121

Dissemination of Cultural Heritage Content through Virtual Reality and Multimedia Techniques: A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the case study of an interactive digital narrative and real-time visualization of an Italian theatre during the 19th century. This case study illustrates how to integrate the traditional concepts of cultural heritage with Virtual Reality (VR) technologies. In this way virtual reconstructions of cultural sites are lift up to an exciting new edutainment level. Novel multimedia interaction

Stefano Valtolina; Stefano Franzoni; Pietro Mazzoleni; Elisa Bertino

2005-01-01

122

Narratives of Irishness and the problem of abortion: the X case 1992.  

PubMed

This article explores the ramifications of the 1992 "X Case" in which an Irish High Court rescinded the constitutional right to travel of a 14-year-old rape victim who intended to obtain an abortion in England. The article opens by noting that this decision made the subordinate role of women in Ireland painfully visible, thus allowing Irish feminists to win a degree of national and international support. The article examines newspaper coverage of the injunction to consider how this abortion issue reconstituted discourses of women's status, sexuality, and national identity in Ireland. The article provides background information on women's role in Ireland, relegated by the Constitution to the domestic sphere, and reviews the origins of the 1983 "pro-life" Constitutional amendment. Next the article considers how the discourse surrounding the child's rape and resulting pregnancy submerged the autonomy of the child in the victimhood of her family. The article continues by looking at the internal and international denouncement of the Irish state for its action and the responding Irish construct of a civilized "us" versus a barbaric "other." This was countered by appeals to "the people's" will and reinterpretations of the 1983 amendment to justify a more pragmatic approach to public policy about rape that would de-emphasize the moral status of the fetus. After showing how feminist protest extended the questions raised to embrace the issue of national identity and women's citizenship rights, the article concludes that the battle for female reproductive and sexual hegemony in Ireland continues. PMID:12348945

Smyth, L

1998-01-01

123

Gender equity and equality on Korean student scientists: A life history narrative study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Much research, including that by Koreans (e.g., Mo, 1999), agrees on two major points relating to the inequitable and unequal condition of women in the scientific community: (1) the fact that the under-representation of women in the scientific community has been taken for granted for years (e.g., Rathgeber, 1998), and (2) documenting women's lives has been largely excluded in women's studies (e.g., Sutton, 1998). The basis for the design of this study relates to the aforementioned observations. This study addresses two major research questions: how do social stereotypes exist in terms of gender equity and equality in the South Korean scientific and educational fields, and how do these stereotypes influence women and men's socializations, in terms of gender equity and equality, in the South Korean scientific and educational fields? To investigate the research questions, this qualitative study utilizes a life history narrative approach in examining various theoretical perspectives, such as critical theory, post-structuralism, and postmodernism. Through the participants' perceptions and experiences in the scientific community and in South Korean society, this study fords gendered stereotypes, practices, and socializations in school, family, and the scientific community. These findings demonstrate asymmetric gendered structures in South Korea. Moreover, with the comparison among male and female participants, this study shows how they perceive and experience differently in school, family, and the scientific community. This study attempts to understand the South Korean scientific community as represented by four student scientists through social structures. Education appears to function significantly as an hegemonic power in conveying legitimating ideologies. This process reproduces man-centered social structures, especially in the scientific community. This suggests that to emancipate women's under-representations in the scientific community, educational administrators and teachers should carefully consider gendered practices, stereotypes, and socialization in science classes. There have been significant findings of educative authenticity criteria (Guba & Lincoln, 1989) that stimulate the needs of future studies on gender, especially women in the scientific community in general and, more specifically, in South Korea. These findings suggest the importance of active involvement by women participants to enhance a more detailed examination, by women's studies, of the scientific community.

Hur, Changsoo

124

PSU Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

How does one teach ethics? It can be a difficult subject and different fields (medicine, law, and so on) all have different ethical considerations and issues. This fine collection of engineering case studies from the Pennsylvania State University College of Engineering brings together resources from a variety of universities that have worked to address this matter. The cases are divided into separate areas that include Developing and Using Case Studies, General Science Cases, and Research Integrity Cases. Visitors shouldn't miss the bulk of the material covered in the General Engineering Cases area, which includes high-quality and contemplative materials on engineering practice ethics from SUNY-Buffalo and the National Science Foundation. The site is rounded out by a number of helpful cases developed in-house by Penn State engineering students.

2013-04-26

125

The Implications of Psychoanalysis for Qualitative Methodology: The Case of Interviews and Narrative Data Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article I ask to what extent geographers can draw on psychoanalytic theory when examining interview data. I consider Freud's theory of the mind and its unconscious processes to ask how bringing the unconscious to bear on identity studies potentially impacts qualitative research on subjectivity and identification. Existing geographic debate on psychoanalytic theory and methods provides an organizing framework

Mary E. Thomas

2007-01-01

126

SETDA Case Studies 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The State Educational Technology Directors Association (SETDA) published a series of case studies from 28 states to showcase examples of how ARRA EETT ("American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 Enhancing Education Through Technology") grant funds have impacted teaching and learning. SETDA collected data for the case studies through a variety…

State Educational Technology Directors Association, 2012

2012-01-01

127

Gender Differences in Adolescents' Autobiographical Narratives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors examined gender differences in narratives of positive and negative life experiences during middle adolescence, a critical period for the development of identity and a life narrative (Habermas & Bluck, 2000; McAdams, 2001). Examining a wider variety of narrative meaning-making devices than previous research, they found…

Fivush, Robyn; Bohanek, Jennifer G.; Zaman, Widaad; Grapin, Sally

2012-01-01

128

Theoretical perspectives on narrative inquiry.  

PubMed

Narrative inquiry is gaining momentum in the field of nursing. As a research approach it does not have any single heritage of methodology and its practitioners draw upon diverse sources of influence. Central to all narrative inquiry however, is attention to the potential of stories to give meaning to people's lives, and the treatment of data as stories. This is the first of two papers on the topic and addresses the theoretical influences upon a particular narrative inquiry into nursing scholars and scholarship. The second paper, Conducting a narrative analysis, describes the actual narrative analysis as it was conducted in this same study. Together, the papers provide sufficient detail for others wishing to pursue a similar approach to do so, or to develop the ideas and procedures according to their own way of thinking. Within this first theoretical paper, perspectives from Jerome Bruner (1987) and Wade Roof (1993) are outlined. These relate especially to the notion of stories as 'imaginative constructions' and as 'cultural narratives' and as such, highlight the profound importance of stories as being individually and culturally meaningful. As well, perspectives on narrative inquiry from nursing literature are highlighted. Narrative inquiry in this instance lies within the broader context of phenomenology. PMID:9644338

Emden, C

1998-04-01

129

Case Study: Trigger Cases Versus Capstone Cases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Is it better to use a case at the beginning of a topic or at the end? To answer this, we need to examine both trigger and capstone cases in terms of their goals. The answer is not so inscrutable--it clearly depends upon your goal. Both trigger and capstone cases have their place, but the author would contend that if you wish to really engage a student in a subject, one can hardly do better than to start with an interesting, current, and controversial topic. And even if you sneak in a bunch of scientific lingo that initially doesn't make sense, a trigger case can surely prompt a student to want to learn more about the topic. And that is one heck of a great way to begin a day.

Herreid, Clyde F.

2008-12-01

130

Case Study: Case of the Crying Baby  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate, graduate and professional students in anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores the renal anatomy and physiology. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Kari Mergenhagen (James J. Peters Veterans Affairs Medical Center Infectious Disease)

2003-09-15

131

Case Study: A Case of Cerebrovascular Accident  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy, physiology, and/or anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores anatomy and physiology of the brain. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

David Dean (Spring Hill College Biology)

2005-12-02

132

A Study of the Effectiveness of a Small-Group Intervention on the Vocabulary and Narrative Development of At-Risk Kindergarten Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the effect of a small-group storybook-based intervention on kindergarten students’ vocabulary and narrative development, which is important to later reading achievement. Twenty-eight kindergarten children from a high-poverty urban school, all significantly behind their peers on standardized measures of language development (semantic and syntactic) and narrative (understanding and production), were randomly assigned to the intervention or control group.

Diane Corcoran Nielsen; Lisa Dinner Friesen

2012-01-01

133

Extracting medical information from narrative patient records: the case of medication-related information  

PubMed Central

Objective While essential for patient care, information related to medication is often written as free text in clinical records and, therefore, difficult to use in computerized systems. This paper describes an approach to automatically extract medication information from clinical records, which was developed to participate in the i2b2 2009 challenge, as well as different strategies to improve the extraction. Design Our approach relies on a semantic lexicon and extraction rules as a two-phase strategy: first, drug names are recognized and, then, the context of these names is explored to extract drug-related information (mode, dosage, etc) according to rules capturing the document structure and the syntax of each kind of information. Different configurations are tested to improve this baseline system along several dimensions, particularly drug name recognition—this step being a determining factor to extract drug-related information. Changes were tested at the level of the lexicons and of the extraction rules. Results The initial system participating in i2b2 achieved good results (global F-measure of 77%). Further testing of different configurations substantially improved the system (global F-measure of 81%), performing well for all types of information (eg, 84% for drug names and 88% for modes), except for durations and reasons, which remain problematic. Conclusion This study demonstrates that a simple rule-based system can achieve good performance on the medication extraction task. We also showed that controlled modifications (lexicon filtering and rule refinement) were the improvements that best raised the performance. PMID:20819863

Grouin, Cyril; Zweigenbaum, Pierre

2010-01-01

134

Pathology Case Study: Hydrocephalus  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help both students and instructors. In this particular study an otherwise healthy 9 month old infant is presented with hydrocephalus. The case study provides test results and images along with microscopic photos and description. Clicking on the final diagnosis provides a thorough explanation of the diagnosis and treatment.

2007-08-20

135

HYDROGEOLOGIC CASE STUDIES  

EPA Science Inventory

Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three case studies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...

136

MULTIPLE CONTAMINANTS CASE STUDIES  

EPA Science Inventory

The presentation provides information taken from the arsenic demonstration program projects that have treatment systems removing multiply contaminants from drinking water. The case studies sited in the presentation consist of projects that have arsenic along with either nitrate, ...

137

Barriers and facilitators for integrating digital narratives in secondary school science instruction: A media specialist's action research study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Media specialists are increasingly assuming professional development roles as they collaborate with teachers to design instruction that combines content with technology. I am a media specialist in an independent school, and collaborated with two science teachers over a three-year period to integrate technology with their instruction. This action study explored integration of a digital narrative project in three eighth-grade earth science units and one ninth-grade physics unit with each unit serving as a cycle of research. Students produced short digital documentaries that combined still images with an accompanying narration. Students participating in the project wrote scripts based on selected science topics. The completed scripts served as the basis for the narratives. These projects were compared with a more traditional science writing project. Barriers and facilitators for implementation of this type of media project in a science classroom were identified. Lack of adequate access to computers proved to be a significant mechanical barrier. Acquisition of a laptop cart reduced but did not eliminate the technology access issues. The complexity of the project increased implementation time in comparison with traditional alternatives. Evaluation of the completed media projects presented problems. Scores by outside evaluators reflected evaluator unfamiliarity with assessing multimedia projects rather than student performance. Despite several revisions of the assessment rubric, low inter-rater reliability remained a concern even in the last cycle. This suggests that evaluation of media could present issues for teachers who attempt projects of this kind. A writing frame was developed to facilitate production of scripts. This reduced the time required to produce the scripts, but produced writing that was formulaic in the teacher's estimate. A graphic organizer was adopted in the final cycle to address this concern. New insights emerged as the study progressed through the four cycles of the study. At the conclusion of the study, the two teachers and I had a better understanding of barriers that can prevent smooth integration of a technology-based project.

Midland, Susan

138

Interpreting the Narratives of Non-Traditional Students: An Exploratory Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the communication and learning problems of nontraditional students. Its methodology drew on case studies and interviews with 10 nontraditional students at two midwestern universities. Findings fit into various categories: curriculum, assignments, social isolation, classroom structure, theoretical framework, and interpersonal…

Shankar, Archana Daya

139

NARRATING THE SELF  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Across cultures, narrative emerges early in communicative development and is a fundamental means of making sense of experience. Narrative and self are inseparable in that narrative is simultaneously born out of experience and gives shape to experience. Narrative activity provides tellers with an opportunity to impose order on otherwise disconnected events, and to create continuity between past, present, and

Elinor Ochs; Lisa Capps

1996-01-01

140

Pathology Case Study: Epilepsy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This neuropathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent learning tool for students and instructors in the health science fields. In this case, a 27-year-old female presents with a history of seizures. A detailed patient history along with gross and microscopic images of the patientâÂÂs brain are included in this case study. The official diagnosis found in the âÂÂFinal Diagnosisâ section is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâÂÂs findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâÂÂs conditions.

French, Jacqueline A.; Mcgarvey, Michael; Mourelatos, Zissimos; Wells, Gregg

2008-12-29

141

Morrie: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a case study demonstrating successful behavioral treatment of a depressed older man using group and conjoint therapy. Two major issues in dealing with the aged are addressed: dealing with resistance to therapy, and distinguishing between disability due to organic brain syndrome and that due to depression. (Author/RC)

Wheeler, Eugenie G.; Knight, Bob

1981-01-01

142

Geothermal Case Studies  

DOE Data Explorer

database.) In fiscal year 2015, NREL is working with universities to populate additional case studies on OpenEI. The goal is to provide a large enough dataset to start conducting analyses of exploration programs to identify correlations between successful exploration plans for areas with similar geologic occurrence models.

Katherine Young

143

Schistosomiasis: a case study.  

PubMed

Schistosomiasis is a parasitic infection caused by trematodes (flatworms). It is second only to malaria in public health significance, with an estimated 200 million people infected worldwide. Schistosoma haematobium is endemic in Africa and the Middle East. This case study discusses a 36-year-old Somalian male who immigrated to a Northeastern city in the United States from a refugee camp in Kenya. He presented with episodic gross hematuria and flank pain, and was eventually diagnosed with urinary tract schistosomiasis, which was successfully treated with praziquantel. While the disease is not common in the United States, this case is presented for both its urological and cultural considerations. PMID:19331272

Borch, Marianne; Kiernan, Maureen; Rust, Kay; Baron, Barbara; Simmons, Barbara; Hattala, Patricia; Davey, Amy; Yovanovich, Janis; Shayder, Donna; Wasilewski, Amy; LaFaro, Virginia E

2009-01-01

144

Pathology Case Study: Petechiae  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 6-hour-old baby was found to have petechiae. Visitors are given the case description and the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and transfusion medicine.

Lopez-Plaza, Iliana; Nester, Theresa; Qu, Lirong

2008-03-26

145

Pathology Case Study: Seizures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology of a 51 year-old man with epilepsy. Images and results from a neurological examination are provided in this case. The patientâÂÂs diagnosis is found in the âÂÂFinal Diagnosisâ section, which also includes a detailed description of the condition from the contributing doctors. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâÂÂs conditions. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student knowledge of neuropathology.

2008-04-08

146

Pathology Case Study: Headache  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center has compiled a wide range of pathology case studies to aid students and instructors in the medical/health science field. In this case, a 79 year old male with headaches and sinus problems is evaluated. The patient previously had "an inverted papilloma resected." Using the gross description, microscopic description, and images provided, students are encouraged to test their knowledge of pathology and diagnose the patient's medical problem. This is an excellent resource for providing students experience with patient history, lab results and diagnostics.

Nine, Jeff S.

2007-11-28

147

Younger Stroke Survivors' Experiences of Family Life in a Long-Term Perspective: A Narrative Hermeneutic Phenomenological Study  

PubMed Central

The psychosocial consequences following a stroke are known to be challenging, influencing the stroke survivors' ability to participate in and carry out the taken-for-granted roles and activities in family life. This study explored how living with the consequences of stroke impacted on family life in the late recovery phase, that is, six months or more after stroke onset. Twenty-two stroke survivors aged 20–61 years were interviewed in-depth six months to nine years after stroke onset. The interviews were analyzed applying a narrative, hermeneutic phenomenological approach. The findings revealed challenges that varied with time, from an initial struggle to suffice in and balance the relationships and roles within the family early after the stroke, towards a more resigned attitude later on in the stroke trajectory. The struggles are summarized in two main themes: “struggling to reenter the family” and “screaming for acceptance.” Nonestablished people living with stroke and stroke survivors in parental roles seem to be particularly vulnerable. Being provided with opportunities to narrate their experiences to interested and qualified persons outside the home context might be helpful to prevent psychosocial problems. PMID:23304485

Martinsen, Randi; Kirkevold, Marit; Sveen, Unni

2012-01-01

148

Normal Sins: Sex Scandal Narratives as Institutional Morality Tales  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sex scandals are widely assumed to be tales of individual transgression, serving as reminders of the normative sexual order. This paper, a qualitative multiple-case comparison of three contemporary media-conveyed sex scandals narratives, suggests otherwise. Drawing on extensive news documents, the study considers three stories, each revolving around the same sexual behavior, but each playing out in a different institutional environment:

Joshua Gamson

2001-01-01

149

Scholarly and Public Views: Understanding Narratives around Nanotechnology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How people come to conceptualize and understand science topics has implications for how they learn, communicate about, and relate to science. This dissertation conceptualizes and examines "cultural narratives" as cognitive tools used by individuals and shared through culture. Using nanotechnology as a case study I argue that people may…

Teggatz, Jennifer L.

2012-01-01

150

Flash Flood Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module takes the learner through seven case studies of flash flood events that occurred in the conterminous U.S. between 2003 and 2006. The cases covered include: * 30-31 August 2003: Chase & Lyon Counties, KS * 16-17 September 2004: Macon County, NC * 31 July 2006: Santa Catalina Mountains near Tucson, AZ * 25 December 2003: Fire burn area near San Bernardino, CA * 30 August 2004: Urban flash flood in Richmond, VA * 19-20 August 2003: Urban flash flood in Las Vegas, NV * 9 October 2005: Cheshire County, NH This module assists the learner in applying the concepts covered in the foundation topics of the Basic Hydrologic Sciences course. Some of the specific topics pertinent to these cases are the physical characteristics that make a basin prone to flash floods, basin response to precipitation, flash flood guidance (FFG), the relationship between wildfire and flash floods, and the relationship between urban development and flash floods. Related topics brought out in the cases include radar quantitative precipitation estimation (QPE), the National Weather Service Flash Flood Monitoring and Prediction (NWS FFMP) products, debris flows, impounded water, and interagency communications. The core foundation topics are recommended prerequisite materials since this module assumes some pre-existing knowledge of hydrologic principles. In particular, the Runoff Processes and Flash Flood Processes modules contain material directly related to these cases.

Comet

2007-06-26

151

The Role of Narrative in Communicating Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present theoretical paper presents a case for the use of narrative (i.e., fictional written text) in science education as a way of making science meaningful, relevant, and accessible to the public. Grounded in literature pointing to the value of narrative in supporting learning and the need to explore new modes of communicating science, this…

Avraamidou, Lucy; Osborne, Jonathan

2009-01-01

152

The Role of Narrative in Communicating Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present theoretical paper presents a case for the use of narrative (i.e., fictional written text) in science education as a way of making science meaningful, relevant, and accessible to the public. Grounded in literature pointing to the value of narrative in supporting learning and the need to explore new modes of communicating science, this paper explores the potential of

Lucy Avraamidou; Jonathan Osborne

2009-01-01

153

Pathology Case Study: Sepsis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology where a 74 year old man with a history of diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease, inferior wall myocardial infarction, peripheral vascular disease, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia. He was admitted for a left femoral-popliteal bypass graft. The case study provides both gross and microscopic descriptions along with pertinent laboratory studies in order to allow the user the opportunity to diagnose the patient. Clicking on the final diagnosis link will provide users with a discussion of the actual diagnosis along with important learning points as well as a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to develop a diagnosis. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and clinical microbiology.

Callahan, Debra L.

2009-10-08

154

Narrative Development in Improvisational Theatre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have investigated the experience of improvisers as they perform to better understand how narrative is constructed by group performance in improvisational theatre. Our study was conducted with improvisers who would perform improv "games" with each iteration video recorded. Each individual participant was shown the video in a retrospective protocol collection, before reviewing it again in a group interview. This process is meant to elicit information about how the cognition involved develops narrative during an improvisation performance. This paper presents our initial findings related to narrative development in improvisational theatre with an ambition to use these and future analyses in creating improvisational intelligent agents. These findings have demonstrated that the construction of narrative is crafted through the making and accepting of scene-advancing offers, which expert improvisers are more readily capable of performing.

Baumer, Allan; Magerko, Brian

155

A study of the impact of a supplemental storytelling (oral narrative) strategy on fourth-grade students' understanding of the physics of sound  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study the effect of story-telling (oral-narrative) strategies on student understanding of ideas about the physics of sound was investigated. A midwestern 4th grade sample of convenience was selected for this study. An experienced elementary science teacher with a special interest and talent for the oral tradition of storytelling taught a commercially available sound unit to two separate groups of students. In one group (the treatment, n = 27), he complemented the hands-on activities prescribed for the unit with special oral narrative activities; in the second group (the comparison, n = 27), he used only the prescribed hands-on activities. The treatment was designed to determine the extent to which students change in science understanding through narrative practice, and to determine the extent to which students can incorporate increasingly complex science content into narratives. Students in both groups wrote individual directed journals containing explanations of the science ideas encountered in the lessons. The only difference was that the treatment group had an opportunity to incorporate the unit science concepts with the narrative during the morning literacy program. An analysis of student responses to an open-ended question focusing on the big ideas of the sound unit prior to the start of the unit showed that the treatment and comparison groups were equivalent in their understanding of the big ideas. Four oral narratives were told, one pre-unit oral narrative and one oral narrative following each of the three science lessons. Special rubrics were developed to generate quantitative data on the students' pre- unit and post-unit assessing, journal writing, story boarding, concept listing, concept mapping, and story telling performance. A t-test analysis of a post-unit test of student understanding showed students in the treatment group outperformed students in the comparison group (p < 0.001). ANOVA data on the four narratives written by the seven cooperative, groups in the treatment group showed that the stories grew in complexity throughout the unit (p < 0.001). A regression analysis on the story telling activity scores on the final story scores showed that performance on the story telling activities predicted final story complexity.

Ollerenshaw, Jo Anne

156

The Role of Narrative in Constructing an Advocacy Coalition: The Case of Sao Paulo's Non-discrimination Policy  

E-print Network

The Brazilian LGBT movement has transformed in role from a social movement fragmented by diverse interests to a policy actor with a clear agenda. To understand this transition, we study the case of non-discrimination policy 10.948 in Sao Paulo...

Longaker, Jacob Reed

2013-05-31

157

Reliability studies of incident coding systems in high hazard industries: A narrative review of study methodology.  

PubMed

This paper reviews the current literature on incident coding system reliability and discusses the methods applied in the conduct and measurement of reliability. The search strategy targeted three electronic databases using a list of search terms and the results were examined for relevance, including any additional relevant articles from the bibliographies. Twenty five papers met the relevance criteria and their methods are discussed. Disagreements in the selection of methods between reliability researchers are highlighted as are the effects of method selection on the outcome of the trials. The review provides evidence that the meaningfulness of and confidence in results is directly affected by the methodologies employed by the researcher during the preparation, conduct and analysis of the reliability study. Furthermore, the review highlights the heterogeneity of methodologies employed by researchers measuring reliability of incident coding techniques, reducing the ability to critically compare and appraise techniques being considered for the adoption of report coding and trend analysis by client organisations. It is recommended that future research focuses on the standardisation of reliability research and measurement within the incident coding domain. PMID:22867800

Olsen, Nikki S

2013-03-01

158

Coastal Management case study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To prepare for the case study, lecture material on coastal landforms and processes is presented. Particular attention is paid to barrier islands, such as the Outer Banks. During the lecture, typical coastal engineering structures, such as groins, breakwaters, and jetties, are introduced. The case study is introduced with a brief overview of North Carolina's coastal management laws, Figure Eight Island's geography, and the current controversy over whether to build a terminal groin. Students are then broken down into small groups and presented with two opposing editorials. The groups are instructed to try to come to consensus as to whether the terminal groin should be allowed or disallowed or to suggest a third alternative. After approximately 25 minutes, each group informally reports out to the rest of the class.

Jefferson, Anne

159

Narrativity in Text Construction and Self Construction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper tries to suggest parallels between the study of narrative organization in psychology and the philosophical trends\\u000a towards a decomposed view of the human mind. It starts off from an analysis of narrative organization in modern memory research.\\u000a The substantial message of this research from the point of view of narrative studies is threefold: it emphasizes the importance\\u000a of

Csaba Pléh

2003-01-01

160

Case Study of Three Rural Texas Superintendents as Equity Oriented Change Agents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For this qualitative case study (Patton, 2003), we used narrative inquiry (Erlandson, Harris, Skipper, & Allen, 1993) and sought to analyze extended interviews and field notes based on interactions with three rural superintendents working in high-needs, public PK-12 school districts in Texas. We collected data with regard to these superintendents'…

Maxwell, Gerri Marie; Locke, Leslie Ann; Scheurich, James Joseph

2013-01-01

161

Debate as a Teaching Strategy in Online Education: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reflective case study was based on our independent use of the debate as an online instructional approach and our shared interest in teaching strategies. In an interdisciplinary manner, using narrative inquiry and action research, we melded our data sources and analyzed the findings, including our individual experiences with the technique. Our…

Park, Caroline; Kier, Cheryl; Jugdev, Kam

2011-01-01

162

That's another story: narrative methods and ethical practice  

PubMed Central

This paper examines the use of case studies in ethics education. While not dismissing their value for specific purposes, the paper shows the limits of their use. While agreeing that case studies are narratives, although rather thin stories, the paper argues that the claim that case studies could represent reality is difficult to sustain. Instead, the paper suggests a way of using stories in ethics teaching that could be more real for students, while also giving them a way of thinking about their own professional practices. The paper shows how the method can be used to develop a more critical and reflective practice for students in the health care professions. Some immediate problems with the method are discussed. Key Words: Case studynarrative • reflexivity • identity • ethical practice PMID:11417029

Carson, A.

2001-01-01

163

The Cinematic Narrator: The Logic and Pragmatics of Impersonal Narration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes "impersonal narration," an approach that defends the concept of the cinematic narrator as a logical and pragmatic necessity. Compares this approach with existing theories of the cinematic narrator, addressing disagreements in the field of film narrative theory. (MM)

Burgoyne, Robert

1990-01-01

164

An Exploratory Study of the Association between Reactive Attachment Disorder and Attachment Narratives in Early School-Age Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To explore attachment narratives in children diagnosed with reactive attachment disorder (RAD). Method: We compared attachment narratives, as measured by the Manchester Child Attachment Story Task, in a group of 33 children with a diagnosis of RAD and 37 comparison children. Results: The relative risk (RR) for children with RAD having…

Minnis, Helen; Green, Jonathan; O'Connor, Thomas G.; Liew, Ashley; Glaser, D.; Taylor, E.; Follan, M.; Young, D.; Barnes, J.; Gillberg, C.; Pelosi, A.; Arthur, J.; Burston, A.; Connolly, B.; Sadiq, F. A.

2009-01-01

165

Co-Speech Gesture Production in an Animation-Narration Task by Bilinguals: A Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine the neural mechanism of co-speech gesture production, we measured brain activity of bilinguals during an animation-narration task using near-infrared spectroscopy. The task of the participants was to watch two stories via an animated cartoon, and then narrate the contents in their first language (Ll) and second language (L2),…

Oi, Misato; Saito, Hirofumi; Li, Zongfeng; Zhao, Wenjun

2013-01-01

166

UCLA Statistics Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by the Department of Statistics at UCLA, this collection of case studies includes the following topics: stock prices; breast cancer research; effect of fitness program; water use in Los Angeles; oral hygiene in the ICS-II project; Brinks v. New York City; effect of exercise on heart disease; national assessment of educational progress; The London Underground; suicides of women and men; temperature in San Francisco; lead intake; voting for Johnson; salaries of Yale men; K-Mart cookie sales; skeleton differences between tribes; advertising for detergents; did Mendel fudge his data; rainfall in the United Kingdom; jury selection in Alameda County; racial bias in jury selection: Swain v. Alabama; gender bias in jury selection: the case of Dr. Spock; the ELISA test for the AIDS virus; school careers in the Netherlands in 1959; the Northridge Earthquake of January 1994 and the trial of the Pix. This large collection is great for anyone in the field of statistics.

Aper, David; Michailides, George

2009-03-03

167

Pathology Case Study: Fevers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help both students and instructors in the health sciences field. In this case, a 68-year-old male patient experiencing fevers, chills, an associated non-productive cough, and weight loss was admitted to the hospital for examination. The âÂÂGross Description,â âÂÂMicroscopic Description,â and â Microbiologyâ sections provide key information and images that contributed to the patientâÂÂs diagnosis. Clicking on the âÂÂFinal Diagnosisâ provides a thorough explanation of the diagnosis and treatment from the contributing doctors.

Kulich, Scott; Pasculle, A. W.

2007-12-17

168

The Effect of Patient Narratives on Information Search in a Web-Based Breast Cancer Decision Aid: An Eye-Tracking Study  

PubMed Central

Background Previous research has examined the impact of patient narratives on treatment choices, but to our knowledge, no study has examined the effect of narratives on information search. Further, no research has considered the relative impact of their format (text vs video) on health care decisions in a single study. Objective Our goal was to examine the impact of video and text-based narratives on information search in a Web-based patient decision aid for early stage breast cancer. Methods Fifty-six women were asked to imagine that they had been diagnosed with early stage breast cancer and needed to choose between two surgical treatments (lumpectomy with radiation or mastectomy). Participants were randomly assigned to view one of four versions of a Web decision aid. Two versions of the decision aid included videos of interviews with patients and physicians or videos of interviews with physicians only. To distinguish between the effect of narratives and the effect of videos, we created two text versions of the Web decision aid by replacing the patient and physician interviews with text transcripts of the videos. Participants could freely browse the Web decision aid until they developed a treatment preference. We recorded participants’ eye movements using the Tobii 1750 eye-tracking system equipped with Tobii Studio software. A priori, we defined 24 areas of interest (AOIs) in the Web decision aid. These AOIs were either separate pages of the Web decision aid or sections within a single page covering different content. Results We used multilevel modeling to examine the effect of narrative presence, narrative format, and their interaction on information search. There was a significant main effect of condition, P=.02; participants viewing decision aids with patient narratives spent more time searching for information than participants viewing the decision aids without narratives. The main effect of format was not significant, P=.10. However, there was a significant condition by format interaction on fixation duration, P<.001. When comparing the two video decision aids, participants viewing the narrative version spent more time searching for information than participants viewing the control version of the decision aid. In contrast, participants viewing the narrative version of the text decision aid spent less time searching for information than participants viewing the control version of the text decision aid. Further, narratives appear to have a global effect on information search; these effects were not limited to specific sections of the decision aid that contained topics discussed in the patient stories. Conclusions The observed increase in fixation duration with video patient testimonials is consistent with the idea that the vividness of the video content could cause greater elaboration of the message, thereby encouraging greater information search. Conversely, because reading requires more effortful processing than watching, reading patient narratives may have decreased participant motivation to engage in more reading in the remaining sections of the Web decision aid. These findings suggest that the format of patient stories may be equally as important as their content in determining their effect on decision making. More research is needed to understand why differences in format result in fundamental differences in information search. PMID:24345424

Owens, Justin; Zikmund-Fisher, Brian J

2013-01-01

169

What's worth talking about? Meaning?making in toddler?initiated co?narratives in preschool  

Microsoft Academic Search

To elaborate narratives, toddlers are dependent on adult co?construction. Both children and teachers make meaning and learn together. This article examines what themes toddlers introduce in mealtime conversations in preschool. The object of analysis is 39 toddler?initiated co?narratives constructed by toddlers and teachers in 15 videotaped meals during a case study in Norway in 2003\\/2004. (In Norway children from one

Elin Eriksen Ødegaard

2006-01-01

170

Configurations of Identity Among Sexual Minority Youth: Context, Desire, and Narrative  

Microsoft Academic Search

Youth with same-sex desire undergo a process of narrative engagement as they construct configurations of identity that provide\\u000a meaning and coherence with available sexual taxonomies. This article presents a theoretical analysis and four case studies\\u000a centering on the relationship among context, desire, and identity for youth with same-sex desire. Through an interpretive,\\u000a holistic analysis of the personal narratives of youth,

Phillip L. Hammack; Elisabeth Morgan Thompson; Andrew Pilecki

2009-01-01

171

Narratives and Understanding Other People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presenting a story of an ill person, in comparison to a description of illness, as well as activating a narrative approach toward this person increased the probability in subjects of helping behaviour?in this case the promise of donations of bone marrow for leukaemia patients or willingness to spend time on soliciting money for other people's…

Trzebiski, Jerzy

2005-01-01

172

Narrative and reflective teaching practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rita Silverman, Bill Welty, and I have used my description of the classroom event at the end of the preface as a basis for composing our essays in this special issue of Innovative Higher Education. They present this material as a case, while I have written it as a story, to illustrate the strengths of narrative for reflective teaching practice.

Diane Gillespie

1996-01-01

173

Pathology Case Study: Seizures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 24-day-old baby is failing to thrive and experiencing seizures. Visitors are given the microscopic description, with images, the results of the postmortem examination, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pediatric pathology.

Dickman, Paul S.; Lyons, Valerie

2009-09-16

174

Pathology Case Study: Hyperammonemia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a female neonate only two days old became lethargic and developed focal seizures. Visitors are given the high performance liquid chromatography, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and clinical chemistry.

Diven, Warren; Martens, Jeff; Schubert, Eric

2007-09-06

175

Pathology Case Study: Peritonitis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 26-year-old woman has had a 13-year history of poorly controlled insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Visitors are given both the patient history and laboratory results, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and clinical microbiology.

Anhalt, John P.; Macauley, Robert; Pasculle, A. W.; Sheaffer, John; Torbenson, Michael

2007-10-05

176

Pathology Case Study: Seizures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 7-year-old girl is experiencing episodic seizures. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including neuroimaging results, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology. [ASC

Al-Hindi, Hindi; Subach, Brian R.

2007-10-15

177

Pathology Case Study: Hemoptysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a pulmonary pathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 55 year old female has spontaneously occurring hemoptysis. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, radiology, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pulmonary pathology.

Holst, Valerie; Yousem, Sam

2007-08-28

178

Pathology Case Study: Peritonitis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 70-year-old man has peritonitis. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in gastrointestinal pathology.

Nine, Jeff S.

2007-12-12

179

Nomos and Narrative Before Nomos and Narrative  

Microsoft Academic Search

I imagine that when Robert Cover's Nomos and Narrative essay1 first reached the editors of the Haward Law Review, their befuddlement derived not so much from Cover's framing of his review of the 1982 Supreme Court term with a philosophically opaque discussion of the interdependence of law and narrative, but from the illustrations that he drew from biblical and rabbinic

Steven D. Fraade

180

Classroom-Based Phonological Sensitivity Intervention (PSI) Using a Narrative Platform: An Experimental Study of First Graders at Risk for a Reading Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of classroom-based phonological sensitivity intervention (PSI) using a narrative platform for children in first grade who are at risk for a reading disability. Participants consisted of 59 first graders identified as at risk for later reading impairments. At-risk designation was dictated by…

Ritter, Michaela J.; Saxon, Terrill F.

2011-01-01

181

Beyond Economics: Using Social Class Life-Based Literary Narratives with Pre-Service and Practicing Social Studies and English Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we propose that one way of engaging pre-service and practicing high school Social Studies and English teachers in critical conversations about social class is through the use of life-based literary narratives. By expanding upon Phillion and He's (2004) work around the pedagogical and curricular potential of using life-based…

Parker, Bruce; Howard, Adam

2009-01-01

182

Oral Language and Narrative Skills in Children with Specific Language Impairment with and without Literacy Delay: A Three-Year Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This longitudinal study compared the development of oral language and more specifically narrative skills (storytelling and story retelling) in children with specific language impairment (SLI) with and without literacy delay. Therefore, 18 children with SLI and 18 matched controls with normal literacy were followed from the last year of…

Vandewalle, Ellen; Boets, Bart; Boons, Tinne; Ghesquiere, Pol; Zink, Inge

2012-01-01

183

A Study of the Effectiveness of a Small-Group Intervention on the Vocabulary and Narrative Development of At-Risk Kindergarten Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effect of a small-group storybook-based intervention on kindergarten students' vocabulary and narrative development, which is important to later reading achievement. Twenty-eight kindergarten children from a high-poverty urban school, all significantly behind their peers on standardized measures of language development…

Nielsen, Diane Corcoran; Friesen, Lisa Dinner

2012-01-01

184

Beyond the Investment Narrative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current policy interest in early childhood education and care is driven by an investment narrative, a story of quality and high returns emerging from a dominant neoliberal political economy. This short note expresses deep reservations about this narrative, and hints at another narrative that foregrounds democracy, experimentation and…

Moss, Peter

2013-01-01

185

Narrative as Inquiry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author suggests that all research is narrative. Resituating all research as narrative, as opposed to characterizing narrative as one particular form of inquiry, provides a critical space for rethinking "research" beyond current dualisms and bifurcations that create boundaries that limit the capacity for dialogue across diverse epistemologies.…

Hendry, Petra Munro

2010-01-01

186

Case Study: Ice Hockey Injury  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for high school and/or undergraduate students in anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores the anatomy and physiology of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Philip J Stephens (Villanova University Biology)

2004-04-19

187

Case Study: Split My Brain  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy or anatomy lab. In particular this case study explores the anatomy of the brain. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Julie Omarzu (Loras College Psychology)

2004-09-19

188

Case Study: A Typical Cold?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy, physiology, and/or anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores anatomy and physiology associated with cell physiology and tissue anatomy. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Brent JF Hill (University of Central Arkansas Biology)

2005-02-02

189

PREDICT : A CASE STUDY.  

SciTech Connect

Delphi Automotive Systems and the Los Alamos National Laboratory worked together to develop PREDICT, a new methodology to characterize the reliability of a new product during its development program. Rather than conducting testing after hardware has been built, and developing statistical confidence bands around the results, this updating approach starts with an early reliability estimate characterized by large uncertainty, and then proceeds to reduce the uncertainty by folding in fresh information in a Bayesian framework. A considerable amount of knowledge is available at the beginning of a program in the form of expert judgment which helps to provide the initial estimate. This estimate is then continually updated as substantial and varied information becomes available during the course of the development program. This paper presents a case study of the application of PREDICT, with the objective of further describing the methodology. PREDICT has been honored with an R&D 100 Award presented by R&D Magazine.

Kerscher, W. J. (William J.) III; Booker, J. M. (Jane M.); Meyer, Mary A.

2001-01-01

190

Pathology Case Study: Lymphocytosis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes "a 72-year-old white male who presented to an outside facility with chest pain of 24 hours duration." Visitors are given patient history, admission data, peripheral blood and bone marrow findings, including images. They are also given flow cytometry and cytogenic data as well as molecular genetics, with images, and are also given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in hematopathology.

Contis, Lydia C.; Nambiar, Ashok; Pindzola, Ander

2009-04-14

191

A Narrative Approach to Bicultural Identity Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract ,This study examines bicultural identity integration and development among bicultural college students. Participants completed measures of bicultural identity integration (measuring concepts of bicultural distance and conflict), ethnic and U.S. identity, scales of well-being and wrote three biculturally significant memories. Narratives were coded for various themes; integralnarrative coding variables to our study goals were exploration, growth, emotional valence of narrative

Chloe M. Levenson

192

National and Racial Identity and the Desire for Expansion: A Study of American Travel Narratives, 1790-1850  

E-print Network

investigates the perverse mode of desiring in the iterative triangular relationship between romanticism, morality, and expansionism—the nation’s civilizing project par excellence. Chapter VI appraises the travel narratives’ roles in defining American selfhood...

Jeong, Jin Man

2011-08-08

193

Practical knowledge of experienced nurses in critical care: a qualitative study of their narratives  

PubMed Central

Background Scholars of nursing practices have claimed practical knowledge is source of knowledge in its own right, nevertheless we know little about this knowledge associated with day-to-day practice. The purpose of this study is to describe knowledge that the more experienced nurses the in ICU make use of and discover the components of care it includes. Understanding this knowledge can contribute to improving the working practices of nurses with less experience. Methods We used a phenomenologic and hermeneutic approach to conduct a qualitative study. Open in-depth dialogue interviews were conducted with 13 experienced ICU nurses selected by intentional sampling. Data was compiled on significant stories of their practice. The data analysis enabled units of meaning to be categorised and grouped into topics regarding everyday practical knowledge. Results Knowledge related to everyday practice was evaluated and grouped into seven topics corresponding to how the ICU nurses understand their patient care: 1) Connecting with, calming and situating patients who cannot communicate; 2) Situating and providing relief to patients in transitions of mechanical respiration and non-invasive ventilation; 3) Providing reassurance and guaranteeing the safety of immobilised patients; 4) The “connection” with patients in comas; 5) Taking care of the body; 6) The transition from saving life to palliative care; and 7) How to protect and defend the patient from errors. The components of caretaking that guarantee success include: the calm, care and affection with which they do things; the time devoted to understanding, situating and comforting patients and families; and the commitment they take on with new staff and doctors for the benefit of the patient. Conclusions These results show that stories of experiences describe a contextual practical knowledge that the more experienced nurses develop as a natural and spontaneous response. In critical patients the application of everyday practical knowledge greatly influences their well-being. In those cases in which the nurses describe how they have protected the patients from error, this practical knowledge can mean the difference between life and death. The study highlights the need to manage practical knowledge and undertake further research. The study is useful in keeping clinical practice up-to-date. PMID:25132455

2014-01-01

194

The Paradox of Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the paradox of case studies' abilities to understand the complexity in particular contexts while not being generalizable. Argues that the pressure for quantification and multisite case study design in policy research has weakened the original utility of the case study method for understanding complex educational phenomena. (DSK)

Simons, Helen

1996-01-01

195

Determining the Success of Narrative Report Cards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the success of narrative report cards, an alternative method of reporting student progress, at an elementary school in Virginia. Surveys about narrative reports were sent to parents of first and second graders, and two teachers at each grade level were interviewed about the reports. Results indicated that both parents and…

Hall, Kristy

196

Magical Thinking in Narratives of Adolescent Cutters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescents sometimes cut themselves to relieve distress; however, the mechanism is unknown. Previous studies have linked self-injury to deficits in processing emotions symbolically through language. To investigate expressive language of adolescent cutters, the authors analyzed 100 narratives posted on the Internet. Most narratives (n = 66)…

Gregory, Robert J.; Mustata, Georgian T.

2012-01-01

197

Narrative Language in Traumatic Brain Injury  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI) often show impaired linguistic and/or narrative abilities. The present study aimed to document the features of narrative discourse impairment in a group of adults with TBI. 14 severe TBI non-aphasic speakers (GCS less than 8) in the phase of neurological stability and 14 neurologically intact participants…

Marini, Andrea; Galetto, Valentina; Zampieri, Elisa; Vorano, Lorenza; Zettin, Marina; Carlomagno, Sergio

2011-01-01

198

Early narrative experience: positive segue to narrative gameplay  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper theorizes that children segue into digital narrative game play easily and 'without pause' because of the perception of narrative they develop through their early print narrative experiences. These experiences are multimodal and socially constructed and are similar in nature to the engagement children enjoy with narrative gameplay. Rather than privileging the traditional forms of narrative considered the norm,

Krystina S. Madej

2006-01-01

199

An Investigation of a Virtual School Program in One Public School District in Texas: A Descriptive Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative, descriptive case study employed the use of narrative to investigate a virtual school program in a public school district in Texas. A focus group interviewing process was used to interview the participants. Findings from this study conclude that with continued support from district leaders, along with having the appropriate…

Quadri, Rizvan

2012-01-01

200

Chronicles of Change: The Narrative Turn and E-Learning Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Narrative case research has been widely utilized in educational inquiry to investigate different and changing positions and perspectives on questions of identity, curriculum and classroom practice. Despite the fact that case-study research of this kind is well suited to the investigation of changing technologies and their interpretation in…

Friesen, Norm

2008-01-01

201

Causal Coherence in Deaf and Hearing Students' Written Narratives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the causal coherence of deaf students' written narratives and the relation between students' use of causal structures in narrative writing and their linguistic skills. The written narratives of 17 deaf high school students were compared with those of 2 groups of hearing writers: 17 high school students and 16 second…

Arfe, Barbara; Boscolo, Pietro

2006-01-01

202

Narrative Transcription Accuracy and Reliability in Two Languages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to examine the issues of accuracy and reliability for transcription and analysis of oral narratives from Spanish-English bilingual children. Findings reveal that oral narrative data from ELL children can be accurately transcribed and the narrative measures are stable over time.

Heilmann, John; Miller, Jon F.; Iglesias, Aquiles; Fabiano-Smith, Leah; Nockerts, Ann; Andriacchi, Karen Digney

2008-01-01

203

Career Paths in Educational Leadership: Examining Principals' Narratives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study analyzes the career path narratives of active principals. Structural narrative analysis was supplemented with sociolinguistic theory and thematic narrative analysis to discern the similarities and differences, as well as the patterns in the language used by participating principals. Thematic analysis found four major themes…

Parylo, Oksana; Zepeda, Sally J.; Bengtson, Ed

2012-01-01

204

Geo-Narrative: Extending Geographic Information Systems for Narrative Analysis in Qualitative and Mixed-Method Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research seeks to contribute to advancing qualitative methodologies at the intersection of qualitative geographic information systems (GIS), narrative analysis, 3D GIS-based time-geographic methods, and computer-aided qualitative data analysis. The approach to GIS-based narrative analysis developed in the study, called “geo-narrative,” is based on extending current GIS capabilities for the analysis and interpretation of narrative materials such as oral histories,

Mei-Po Kwan; Guoxiang Ding

2008-01-01

205

Visual narrative structure.  

PubMed

Narratives are an integral part of human expression. In the graphic form, they range from cave paintings to Egyptian hieroglyphics, from the Bayeux Tapestry to modern day comic books (Kunzle, 1973; McCloud, 1993). Yet not much research has addressed the structure and comprehension of narrative images, for example, how do people create meaning out of sequential images? This piece helps fill the gap by presenting a theory of Narrative Grammar. We describe the basic narrative categories and their relationship to a canonical narrative arc, followed by a discussion of complex structures that extend beyond the canonical schema. This demands that the canonical arc be reconsidered as a generative schema whereby any narrative category can be expanded into a node in a tree structure. Narrative "pacing" is interpreted as a reflection of various patterns of this embedding: conjunction, left-branching trees, center-embedded constituencies, and others. Following this, diagnostic methods are proposed for testing narrative categories and constituency. Finally, we outline the applicability of this theory beyond sequential images, such as to film and verbal discourse, and compare this theory with previous approaches to narrative and discourse. PMID:23163777

Cohn, Neil

2013-04-01

206

TV as storyteller: how exposure to television narratives impacts at-risk preschoolers' story knowledge and narrative skills.  

PubMed

Educational media serve as informal educators within the home by supplementing young children's development. Substantial evidence documents the contributions of educational television to preschoolers' acquisition of a variety of skills; however, television's natural capacity as storyteller and the role it plays in preschoolers' early literacy development has been largely overlooked. This study examined the effects of viewing different TV program types on 311 at-risk preschoolers' story knowledge and narrative skills. Children were assigned to one of 4 viewing conditions (i.e. watching up to 40 episodes of a particular program type): no viewing; expository; embedded narrative; or traditional narrative. Story knowledge scores were higher for those viewing either narrative type. In contrast, viewing specific narrative types differentially affected the component skills of narrative competence. Story retelling and identification of explicit story events were higher after repeat viewing of embedded narratives while generating implicit story content was higher after repeat viewing of traditional narratives. PMID:19972662

Linebarger, Deborah L; Piotrowski, Jessica Taylor

2009-03-01

207

Combined immunodeficiency presenting with vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis: a case report and narrative review of literature.  

PubMed

Neurologic abnormalities compatible with vaccine-related poliovirus infection (VAPP) may be a first presentation of some primary immunodeficient patients. The risk of VAPP rises from 1 case per 750?000 in normal population to 1 per 7000 times higher, particularly for persons with agammaglobulinemia and hypogammaglobulinemia. However, there is no appropriate estimation for VAPP occurrence in patients with cellular immunity defects. Herein we report a case of combined immunodeficiency with paralytic complication due to oral polio vaccine and we present a literature review on this topic. PMID:24294834

Shaghaghi, Mohammadreza; Parvaneh, Nima; Ostad-Rahimi, Pouya; Fathi, Seyed Mohammad; Shahmahmoodi, Shohreh; Abolhassani, Hassan; Aghamohammadi, Asghar

2014-01-01

208

The illness narratives of men involved in the criminal justice system: A study of health behaviors, chronic conditions and HIV/AIDS  

PubMed Central

Summary Former inmates encounter a variety of challenges when returning to their community, including poor health status and limited access to healthcare services. This qualitative study examined how former male inmates with chronic conditions perceived, understood, managed, and coped with their illnesses. Findings: The participants were Black and Puerto Rican, with a mean age of 47 years, who were interviewed within three years of their release. Participants reported at least one chronic condition, with 21 HIV-negative men using chaos narratives to depict their approach to disease management. Nine HIV-positive men used quest narratives to present their illnesses and were immediately linked to supportive services, enabling them to overcome the barriers to community reintegration. Applications: Health interventions in the area of forensic social work ought to focus on conducting Medicaid outreach and enrollment efforts prior to correctional facility discharge.

Valera, Pamela; Kratz, Molly

2014-01-01

209

This Isn't Business, It's Personal: Personal Narratives in the Field of Composition Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I focus on three critical autobiographies in the field of composition studies: Mike Rose's "Lives on the Boundary: A Moving Account of the Struggles and Achievements of America's Educationally Underprepared," Keith Gilyard's "Voices of the Self: A Study of Language Competence," and Victor Villanueva, Jr.'s "Bootstraps: From an American Academic of…

Golar, Norman

2010-01-01

210

Designing efficiencies: The parallel narratives of distance education and composition studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Distance education (DE) programs at many universities have been initiated to generate new efficiencies for the academic process, particularly cost efficiency and pedagogical efficiency. In writing studies, this move toward digitally mediated instruction has, in some classrooms, recreated practices that resonate with the pedagogy that resulted from Current-Traditional Rhetoric (CTR). Thus, a trace of distance education's and composition studies’ parallel

Kevin Eric DePew; T. A. Fishman; Julia E. Romberger; Bridget Fahey Ruetenik

2006-01-01

211

Cisneros' Code-Mixed Narrative and its Implications for Translation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The pragmatic consequences of code-switching in the field of literary translation, especially in the case of Chicano novels that are written in English but code-switches to Spanish for pragmatic, narrative and stylistic purposes have barely been studied so far. The aim of this paper is to analyze how code-switching has been dealt with in the translation into Spanish of these

María José García Vizcaíno

2008-01-01

212

A Virtual Heritage Case Study: A Modern Approach to the Revival of Ancient Historical or Archeological Sites Through Application of 3D Real-Time Computer Graphics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the case study of a real-time interactive digital narrative visualisation of the Namaz Pray of a simulated Ottoman Imam in the 16th century virtually restored mosque of Küçük Aya Sofya (previous St. Sergius and Bacchus church) as well as in the Hagia Sophia mosque (previous cathedral of Hagia Sophia), in Istanbul, Turkey. This case study illustrates that

A. Foni; G. Papagiannakis; N. Magnenat-Thalmann

213

The Case Study: Assessment of Case Teaching -- Where Do We Go From Here? Part I  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many undergraduates, especially women and traditionally underrepresented groups, avoid higher-level science and mathematics. Several students who switched from science and mathematics majors in college report "poor teaching by faculty" as a significant reason for switching (Seymour and Hewitt 1997, p. 32). One effort to improve the learning of science is through case study teaching. Teachers use realistic or true narratives to provide opportunities for students to integrate multiple sources of information in an authentic context (Lundeberg, Levin, and Harrington 1999; Herreid 1994). Although such methods are being used in some university level courses, relatively little empirical research has examined whether and how these case-based teaching approaches have the desired effects of promoting deep understanding, enabling transfer of ideas to new contexts, and making learning more motivating or valuable for certain student populations (Lundeberg, Levin, and Harrington 1999; Lundeberg et al. 2002).

Yadav, Aman; Lundeberg, Mary A.

2006-03-01

214

Narratives from Rajendranagar: A Critical Ethnographic Study of Food Insecurity in an Indian Slum  

E-print Network

This dissertation is an ethnographic inquiry into women’s experiences of food insecurity in Rajendranagar, a slum in Bangalore, India. As a critical ethnographer, I undertook this study with a goal of addressing the problem of malnourishment...

Ramadurai, Vandhana

2013-11-13

215

Radio's Role During Hurricane Katrina: A Case Study of WWL Radio and the United Radio Broadcasters of New Orleans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This narrative case study examines the news and information role played by WWL Radio and the United Radio Broadcasters of New Orleans during the real life drama of Hurricane Katrina. The performance of United demonstrates that media consolidation, deregulation and the threat of emerging technologies do not justify abandoning the idea that broadcasters still have a moral and ethical responsibility

Reginald F. Moody

2009-01-01

216

The Effects of Death Anxiety and Mode of "Case Study" Presentation on Shifts of Attitude toward Euthanasia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students (N = 18) were randomized to one of two experimental treatments: a video tape presentation of a burn victim, and a written narrative of the same "case study." There appeared to be significant differences in attitudes toward euthanasia between experimental groups. (Authors)

Hart, Edward J.

1978-01-01

217

Visual Narrative Structure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Narratives are an integral part of human expression. In the graphic form, they range from cave paintings to Egyptian hieroglyphics, from the Bayeux Tapestry to modern day comic books (Kunzle, 1973; McCloud, 1993). Yet not much research has addressed the structure and comprehension of narrative images, for example, how do people create meaning out…

Cohn, Neil

2013-01-01

218

Narrative, Play, and Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews Josephs's (1998) article connecting play as a discourse in metaphorical transformations with narrative and identity development, focusing on using narrative as a discourse of accounting for self and others in space and time and the role of self-thematization, death, and play in development. Concludes that Josephs advocates the cancellation…

Bamberg, Michael

1998-01-01

219

Narratives of risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

Risk is a probabilistic notion which has been used by scientists since the sixteenth century. It is not a perception but a calculation or a narration. This paper proposes an historical perspective to show how risk jumped from mathematical calculation to the narrative. A book by Daniel Defoe, A Journal of the Plague Year, which was published in 1720, is

Gaspar Mairal

2008-01-01

220

An Education in Narratives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I argue for a broad education in narratives as a way to address several problems found in moral psychology and social cognition. First, an education in narratives will address a common problem of narrowness or lack of diversity, shared by virtue ethics and the simulation theory of social cognition. Secondly, it also solves the "starting…

Gallagher, Shaun

2014-01-01

221

Literatronica: adaptive digital narrative  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this workshop we explore the Literatronica system in regards to the choices and decisions made by the technical architect of the system and by an author. The Literatronica system allows authors to create pieces of adaptive digital narrative, and provides an accessible web interface for readers. Digital narrative works could reconfigure themselves for the reader, leading every time to

Juan B. Gutierrez; Mark C. Marino

2008-01-01

222

Exploring Body Narratives  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper attempts to encourage debate on the potential of narrative ways of knowing to enhance our understanding of the diverse ways in which body?self relationships develop over time for physical education teachers and athletes. It begins by considering why narrative forms of understanding have become attractive in recent years and warns against any tendency to romanticize this approach. Next,

Andrew C. Sparkes

1999-01-01

223

Narrative Processes across Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to the narrative perspective on personality development, personality is constructed largely by interpreting and representing experience in story format (scripts) over the course of the lifespan. The focus of this paper is to describe briefly the narrative perspective on personality development during childhood and adolescence, to discuss…

Mulvaney, Matthew Keefe

2011-01-01

224

Narrative Inquiry: A Methodology for Studying German Migrant Teachers' Experiences in Australian Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite their significant contribution to Australian school life, there has been little research into migrant teachers in Australia. The few studies which are available report difficulties with cultural adaptation for migrant teachers in areas related to pedagogy, language, and classroom management. However, research in Australia has mainly…

Bense, Katharina

2012-01-01

225

On the Use of the Connective `And' in Oral Narration: A Study of French-Speaking  

E-print Network

,!and Schneuwly, 1997). In fact, in addition to using and for coordination, young children appear Children Monique Vion and Annie Colas Université de Provence CNRS-UMR 6057 - Laboratoire Parole et Langage, for welcoming us in their classrooms. #12;Children's use of `and' 2 Abstract The study deals with children's use

Boyer, Edmond

226

(Re)telling: A Narrative Inquiry into Pre-Service TESOL Teachers' Study Abroad Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning to teach ESL entails not only knowledge of linguistics, pedagogy, and curriculum, but it also entails negotiating challenges to identity, cultural sensibilities, and emotional relations. In order to make sense of these challenges, I inquire into the experiences of pre-service TESOL teachers teaching and learning experiences in a study

Marquardt, Sheila K.

2011-01-01

227

Avatar-assisted case studies.  

PubMed

Engaging students in active techniques that promote learning and socialization in nursing may be achieved using Voki technology. The authors discuss a project, and its outcomes, that used avatar-assisted case studies. Instructors looking for a new teaching technology that can be integrated into case studies are encouraged to explore this venue as an active learning technology. PMID:23608909

Anderson, Judy K; Page, Angela M; Wendorf, Deborah M

2013-01-01

228

HEAD Academy PBL Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains case studies relevant to chemistry and related scientific areas, all using problem based learning methods. The case studies are in the form of downloadable pdf files that include materials to give to students as well as instructor guides.

2011-05-13

229

A Narrative Study of the Experiences that Impact Educational Choices of Middle-Aged Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative study was to answer the research questions of how middle-aged women perceive higher education and why they do or do not pursue a higher level of education. According to the U.S. Census Bureau's 2009 American Community Survey microdata, more than half of the women between the ages of 30-50 years in one Midwestern US…

Perez, Shireese Redmond

2011-01-01

230

Analysis of Narrative Discourse Structure as an Ecologically Relevant Measure of Executive Function in Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the narrative discourse production and executive function (EF) abilities of 46 neuro-typical adults (18-98 years old). Two questions were addressed: Is the analysis of narrative structure sensitive to changes associated with aging? & What is the relationship between measures of narrative structure and EF? Narratives were…

Cannizzaro, Michael S.; Coelho, Carl A.

2013-01-01

231

Document Clustering of Clinical Narratives: a Systematic Study of Clinical Sublanguages  

PubMed Central

It is widely believed that different clinical domains use their own sublanguage in clinical notes, complicating natural language processing, but this has never been demonstrated on a broad selection of note types. Starting from formal sublanguage theory, we constructed a feature space based on vocabulary and semantic types used in 17 different clinical domains by three author types (physicians, nurses, and social workers) in both the in- and outpatient settings. We supplied the resulting vectors to CLUTO, a robust clustering tool suitable for this high-dimensional space. Our results confirm that note types with a broad clinical scope, e.g, History & Physicals and Discharge Summaries, cluster together, while note types with a narrow clinical scope form surprisingly pure, disjoint sublanguages. A reasonable conclusion from this study is that any tool relying on term statistics or semantics trained on one clinical note type may not work well on any other. PMID:22195171

Patterson, Olga; Hurdle, John F.

2011-01-01

232

Document clustering of clinical narratives: a systematic study of clinical sublanguages.  

PubMed

It is widely believed that different clinical domains use their own sublanguage in clinical notes, complicating natural language processing, but this has never been demonstrated on a broad selection of note types. Starting from formal sublanguage theory, we constructed a feature space based on vocabulary and semantic types used in 17 different clinical domains by three author types (physicians, nurses, and social workers) in both the in- and outpatient settings. We supplied the resulting vectors to CLUTO, a robust clustering tool suitable for this high-dimensional space. Our results confirm that note types with a broad clinical scope, e.g, History & Physicals and Discharge Summaries, cluster together, while note types with a narrow clinical scope form surprisingly pure, disjoint sublanguages. A reasonable conclusion from this study is that any tool relying on term statistics or semantics trained on one clinical note type may not work well on any other. PMID:22195171

Patterson, Olga; Hurdle, John F

2011-01-01

233

Expressive Phonology as Evaluative Comment in Personal Oral Narrative: The Play Frame and Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a case study of phonological types of internal evaluation in the personal oral narrative of one non-native speaker of English. The purpose was twofold: (1) to study whether laughter and exhaled breath can serve the functions of expressive phonology; i.e., phonological features which provide commentary and point of view for…

Mischler, James J., III

2008-01-01

234

Incidental Becomes Visible: A Comparison of School- and Community-Based Field Experience Narratives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to describe and compare student learning documented using written field experience summary narratives and occurring in community-based or school-based locations. Utilizing a hybrid portraiture--instrumental case study design, two researchers selected participants from undergraduate educational psychology courses using…

Holder, K. C.; Downey, Jayne A.

2008-01-01

235

Story grammar analysis of pre-schoolers' narratives: an investigation into the influence of task parameters.  

PubMed

This study aimed at examining the influences of the parameters of the narrative task (administered to the pre-schooler) on narrative structure. Seventeen pre-school children were selected as subjects. Five narrative tasks were administered to each subject. The narratives were analysed for length and structure. Mainly two factors were found to influence the length and structure of the produced narratives; firstly, the presence or absence of a 'model' on which the child could base his/her narrative, and, secondly, the structure inherent in this 'model'. The implications of the study for clinical assessment of narrative skills as well as for further research are considered. PMID:10894002

Tönsing, K M; Tesner, H

1999-01-01

236

Geostatistical case studies  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this volume of contributed chapters is to present a series of applications of geostatistics. These range from a careful variographic analysis on uranium data, through detailed studies on geologically complex deposits, right up to the latest nonlinear methods applied to deposits with highly skewed data contributions. Applications of new techniques such as the external drift method for combining well data with seismic information have also been included. The volume emphasizes geostatistics in practice. Notation has been kept to a minimum and mathematical details have been relegated to annexes.

Matheron, G.; Armstrong, M.

1987-01-01

237

Using narrative text and coded data to develop hazard scenarios for occupational injury interventions  

PubMed Central

Objective: To determine whether narrative text in safety reports contains sufficient information regarding contributing factors and precipitating mechanisms to prioritize occupational back injury prevention strategies. Design, setting, subjects, and main outcome measures: Nine essential data elements were identified in narratives and coded sections of safety reports for each of 94 cases of back injuries to United States Army truck drivers reported to the United States Army Safety Center between 1987 and 1997. The essential elements of each case were used to reconstruct standardized event sequences. A taxonomy of the event sequences was then developed to identify common hazard scenarios and opportunities for primary interventions. Results: Coded data typically only identified five data elements (broad activity, task, event/exposure, nature of injury, and outcomes) while narratives provided additional elements (contributing factor, precipitating mechanism, primary source) essential for developing our taxonomy. Three hazard scenarios were associated with back injuries among Army truck drivers accounting for 83% of cases: struck by/against events during motor vehicle crashes; falls resulting from slips/trips or loss of balance; and overexertion from lifting activities. Conclusions: Coded data from safety investigations lacked sufficient information to thoroughly characterize the injury event. However, the combination of existing narrative text (similar to that collected by many injury surveillance systems) and coded data enabled us to develop a more complete taxonomy of injury event characteristics and identify common hazard scenarios. This study demonstrates that narrative text can provide the additional information on contributing factors and precipitating mechanisms needed to target prevention strategies. PMID:15314055

Lincoln, A; Sorock, G; Courtney, T; Wellman, H; Smith, G; Amoroso, P

2004-01-01

238

Earthquake Case Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students work in a jigsaw format, they start in an expert group analyzing one particular aspect of the earthquake that occurred (e.g., tsunami, geologic maps, damage assessment). After analyzing the data/information provided, students get into their new groups, which are a "consulting team" to make recommendations to key governmental officials about the earthquake they studied and implications for future development. These are presented in a poster session style event, which then leads to individual papers that are written about the same topic, which are peer reviewed and revised. Students are asked to reflect on their strengths and weaknesses in the process and to consider changes for future opportunities, as well as connect the curriculum to the overall process of science.

Kraft, Kaatje

239

Pelvic floor disorders: Case study  

PubMed Central

Interactive case study discussions were an integral part of the program at the 3rd Annual Canadian Urology Forum (2013). The following is a summary of discussions pertaining to a case illustrating the difficulties in the management of pelvic floor disorders. PMID:24523847

Flood, Catherine

2013-01-01

240

Nasopharyngeal Case-Control Study  

Cancer.gov

A case-control study conducted in Taiwan between 1991-1994 among approximately 1,000 individuals to examine the role of viral, environmental, and genetic factors associated with the development of nasopharyngeal carcinoma

241

HYDROGEOLOGIC CASE STUDIES (DENVER PRESENTATION)  

EPA Science Inventory

Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three case studies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...

242

Hydrogeologic Case Studies (Seattle, WA)  

EPA Science Inventory

Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three case studies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...

243

HYDROGEOLOGIC CASE STUDIES (CHICAGO, IL)  

EPA Science Inventory

Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three case studies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...

244

Case Study: del Amo Bioventing  

EPA Science Inventory

The attached presentation discusses the fundamentals of bioventing in the vadose zone. The basics of bioventing are presented. The experience to date with the del Amo Superfund Site is presented as a case study....

245

Processes and Content of Narrative Identity Development in Adolescence: Gender and Well-Being  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined narrative identity in adolescence (14–18 years) in terms of narrative content and processes of identity development. Age- and gender-related differences in narrative patterns in turning point memories and gender differences in the content and functions for sharing those memories were examined, as was the relationship between narrative patterns and self-esteem. The narrative patterns focused on were

Kate C. McLean; Andrea V. Breen

2009-01-01

246

Teaching Case: Enterprise Architecture Specification Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A graduate course in enterprise architecture had a team project component in which a real-world business case, provided by an industry sponsor, formed the basis of the project charter and the architecture statement of work. The paper aims to share the team project experience on developing the architecture specifications based on the business case

Steenkamp, Annette Lerine; Alawdah, Amal; Almasri, Osama; Gai, Keke; Khattab, Nidal; Swaby, Carval; Abaas, Ramy

2013-01-01

247

Between Continuity and Change: Identities and Narratives within Teacher Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This year-long ethnographic case study examined high school teachers' participation in technology-focused professional development. By pairing a dialogical perspective on teacher identity with a micro-level analysis of narratives, findings indicate that teachers use language and other semiotic resources to express their own identity as well…

Curwood, Jen Scott

2014-01-01

248

Qualitative Research in Question: A Narrative of Disciplinary Power with/in the IRB  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article narrates the author's experience of obtaining institutional review board (IRB) approval for her dissertation study. Although her research topic was particularly sensitive, this case is illustrative of the increasing level of difficulty qualitative researchers are facing in conducting not only risky research but also work that is not…

Johnson, Tara Star

2008-01-01

249

"My Home and My School": Examining Immigrant Adolescent Narratives from the Critical Sociocultural Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Privileging the voices of 12 recent Chinese immigrant adolescents, this multiple-case narrative study examined their home and school experiences from the critical sociocultural perspective. The adolescent stories about home testified to the significant influence of immigrant poverty, parental sacrificial altruism, and disciplinary Chinese…

Li, Jun

2010-01-01

250

Configurations of Identity among Sexual Minority Youth: Context, Desire, and Narrative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Youth with same-sex desire undergo a process of narrative engagement as they construct configurations of identity that provide meaning and coherence with available sexual taxonomies. This article presents a theoretical analysis and four case studies centering on the relationship among context, desire, and identity for youth with same-sex desire.…

Hammack, Phillip L.; Thompson, Elisabeth Morgan; Pilecki, Andrew

2009-01-01

251

Language Experience Narratives and the Role of Autobiographical Reasoning in Becoming an Urban Science Teacher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the central challenges globalization and immigration present to education is how to construct school language policies, procedures, and curricula to support academic success of immigrant youth. This case-study compares and contrasts language experience narratives along Elena's developmental trajectory of becoming an urban science teacher.…

Rivera Maulucci, Maria S.

2011-01-01

252

Comparing canonical and digital-based narrative activities in a formal educational setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is about assessing how and under which conditions digital technology interactions and activities can enhance socio-cognitive abilities in children. We address this issue through a comparison between canonical and digital-based narrative activities in a formal educational setting. The paper is based upon a case study carried on in a primary school in Lugano (CH), where children develop educational

Elisa Rubegni; Paolo Paolini

2010-01-01

253

Case Study: Sex and Vaccination  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This case study is centered upon the recent debate concerning the decision by Texas Governor Rick Perry to mandate the compulsory vaccination of girls in the Texas public school system against the human papillomavirus (HPV) prior to entering the sixth grade. The interrupted case method is particularly appropriate for this subject with the case sections providing a general overview of the disease, the reasons for such a mandatory vaccination program, the reasons against such a program, and finally a disclosure of what ultimately transpired in Texas.

Herreid, Clyde F.; Zavrel, Erik

2008-05-01

254

Facebook, Political Narrative, and Political Change: A Case Study of Palestinian Youth  

E-print Network

What new media do you regularly use (ex: Facebook, Twitter,and Twitter, but that is because I believe they are artistic and have a deeper meaning that resembles whatand Twitter, but that is because I believe they are artistic and have a deeper meaning that resembles what

Kenderes, Amanda

2012-01-01

255

Curriculum Integration Case Studies 1 Moving Beyond Marketing Study Abroad: Comparative Case Studies of the  

E-print Network

.) Review of Literature...........................................................9 3.) The Minnesota Model;Curriculum Integration Case Studies 3 8.) 2007 Report (Van Deusen): The University of California, San DiegoCurriculum Integration Case Studies 1 Moving Beyond Marketing Study Abroad: Comparative Case

Amin, S. Massoud

256

Case Studies in Business Ethics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The most recent guide from Inc.com offers case studies in business ethics and includes coverage of businesses striving to become more environmentally aware, provide community growth, and activate global change. One of the case studies follows Fetzer Vineyards, a California winery committed to reducing its own waste; another describes the way that the Philadelphia restaurant White Dog Cafe donates ten percent of its $4.4 million profit to a variety of nonprofit organizations. The case studies are generally quite short and easy to read; additionally, they link to several online polls that test users's business ethics skills. For more information on Guides @ Inc.com, see the August 10, 2000 Scout Report for Business and Economics.

257

Narratives and neurons: stories of damaged brains.  

PubMed

Stories register in human memory in special ways, and stories about neurological cases can entertain and move a reader while simultaneously being an important part of any neuroscience curriculum. Here we describe a course taught in the context of the liberal arts curriculum of Baldwin-Wallace College. Students from a variety of disciplines learned basic neuroanatomy, neurophysiology and neurochemistry and then used this information to help them understand published neurological case studies, which were analyzed for their literary as well as scientific qualities. Later in the course, students were paired with a person with a neurological disorder and they investigated their cases in some depth. The capstone experience was a monograph that aimed to be both good science and good story telling. Narratives and Neurons was team taught by faculty from the Neuroscience and English departments. However, the case studies were shaped and improved by all the class participants using writing workshop methods common to creative writing classes. Assessments of this course were very favorable, suggesting that students find that the work enhanced their resourcefulness and challenged their abilities to critically evaluate and problem solve. Some of the cases have found their way into the peer-reviewed literature. Moreover, the interaction between students and individuals with neurological disorders provided a diversity of experiences that enriched the lives of all the participants. PMID:23493566

Mickley, G Andrew; Hoyt, Daniel A

2010-01-01

258

Construing the Construction Processes of Serial Killers and Other Violent Offenders: 1. The Analysis of Narratives  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents analyses of two narratives: a book written by a serial killer, Ian Brady, and an autobiographical account written by a serially violent offender. In both cases, the narrative was subjected to a content analysis and converted to a textual grid. It is argued that narratives provide not only a means of better understanding the violent offender's view

David Winter; Guillem Feixas; Rita Dalton; Livia Jarque-Llamazares; Esteban Laso; Clare Mallindine; Sarah Patient

2007-01-01

259

Design Case Study: Planning a Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This worksheet, created by Beth Chance and Allan Rossman, provides students with four exercises in designing a case study. Each exercise presents a difference scenario and asks a series of questions about study design. This is a great introduction to applied statistics for any mathematics classroom.

Chance, Beth; Rossman, Allan

2008-12-11

260

Pathology Case Study: Cystic Tumor  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This cytogenetics case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. This case involves 21-year-old male presented with a mass in his right thigh. Prior to this, the patient was healthy and had no major health concerns. The tumor was removed and the attending doctor ordered a cytogenetic analysis of the specimen. The results from that analysis along with microscopic images and electron photomicrographs of the tumor are included in the case study to aid in the understanding of the final diagnosis. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâÂÂs findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâÂÂs conditions.

Dunn, Jean; Mnuskin, Anna; Surti, Urvashi

2009-05-04

261

Pathology Case Study: Postmenopausal Bleeding  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This gynecologic pathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. This case involves 57-year-old female with postmenopausal bleeding. The patientâÂÂs history, and results from a pelvic ultrasound are included in the case study to aid in the understanding of the final diagnosis. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâÂÂs findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâÂÂs conditions.

Chen, Lei; Kanbour, Anisa; Kessinger, Rovena L.

2008-12-15

262

Patients' narratives of chronic illnesses and the notion of biographical disruption.  

PubMed

Bury's (1982) argument that the onset of a chronic illness represents a biographical disruption has become paradigmatic in the sociology of illness studies. More recently Bury (1991, 1997) himself Williams (2000) and other medical sociologists have argued that the notion of illness as biographical disruption needs re-examination. Following a phenomenological approach, in this paper the author draws on different narrative models (Labov and Waletzky 1967 and Ricoeur 1980) to analyze how patients orient to the onset of chronic illness as the complicating action. The data comprise eight narratives collected in South America: three correspond to patients with renal failure, and five to patients with HIV/AIDS disease. It is observed that in some cases, patients' complicating actions are rather oriented to experiences of poverty, drug addiction, and criminality that took place prior to their onset of their illnesses. These experiences, instead of the onset of their illnesses, occupy the place of the complicating action in these patients' narratives. The author discusses that in the studies of illness narratives, it is difficult to operate from a different paradigm, but argues that conflating the onset of chronic illness with a biographical disruption may confuse the episodic dimension of narrative with the configurational dimension. PMID:22616353

Delbene, Roxana

2011-01-01

263

"The ickiness factor:" case study of an unconventional psychotherapeutic approach to pediatric OCD.  

PubMed

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a complex condition with biological, genetic, and psychosocial causes. Traditional evidence-based treatments include cognitive-behavioural therapy, either alone or in combination with serotonin-specific reuptake inhibitors (SSRI's), other serotonergic agents, or atypical antipsychotics. These treatments, however, often do not lead to remission, and therefore, it is crucial to explore other less conventional therapeutic approaches. This paper describes a case study in which psychodynamic, narrative, existential, and metaphor therapy in combination with more conventional treatments led to a dramatic remission of severe OCD in a 12 year old hospitalized on a psychiatric inpatient unit. The paper, which is written partly in the form of a story to demonstrate on a meta-level the power of narrative, is also intended to illustrate the challenges of countertransference in the treatment of patients with severe OCD, and the ways in which a reparative therapeutic alliance can lead to unexpected and vital change. PMID:24818457

Dembo, Justine S

2014-01-01

264

Positive and Negative Childhood and Adolescent Identity Memories Stemming from One’s Country and Culture-of-origin: A Comparative Narrative Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The initial cognitive ability to coordinate experience into a hierarchically organized, multi-episode narrative occurs in\\u000a youth, beginning a narrative record of ego identity development that continues throughout the life span (Habermas and Bluck\\u000a in Psychological Bulletin 126:748–769, 2000; Habermas and de Silveira in Developmental Psychology 44:707–721, 2008). The following case studies explore how two high-functioning women integrate potentially conflicting bicultural

Amy Bazuin-Yoder

2011-01-01

265

Case Studies in Broadcast Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of case studies, based on factual situations which have challenged broadcast managers in recent years, is designed to stimulate thinking about and solving of "real world" problems in commercial radio and television operations. Topics of a serious, long-run nature include enlarging the radio audience; station revenue and economy;…

Coleman, Howard W.

266

Emergent Creativity: A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recognition and analysis of the complexity involved in trying to understand what creativity is and how the creative process works is the essence of this paper. I chose to record as a case study the creative process involved in developing a children’s book based upon the achievements and experiences of three Massachusetts women who participated in the All American

Kathleen Bertrand

1997-01-01

267

Case Studies in Applied Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of nine case studies in applied mathematics was written primarily for the use of the instructor by a Conference sponsored by the Committee on the Undergraduate Program in Mathematics (CUPM). Each chapter contains exercises of varying degrees of difficulty and several include student projects. The materials were used on a trial…

Mathematical Association of America, Washington, DC.

268

NWCC Transmission Case Study III  

Microsoft Academic Search

OAK-B135 Transmission System Improvements for Wind Energy Development in the Upper Midwest and Great Plains: Opportunities and Obstacles. This case study set out to ascertain the validity of three assumptions from the perspectives of stakeholders involved in wind energy and transmission issues in the Upper Midwest and Great Plains. The assumptions, and the stakeholders' reactions to each, are summarized below:

Terry Allison; Steve Wiese

2000-01-01

269

Due Process Hearing Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a due process hearing case study of a mother who contended that his son, D.J., has been denied of a free and appropriate public education (FAPE) of his School District after being suspended from school. D.J., an elementary student, had been described as hyperactive, inattentive, defiant, and often volatile. He was identified…

Bateman, David F.; Jones, Marni Gail

2010-01-01

270

Inclusion Practices with Special Educational Needs Students in a Hong Kong Secondary School: Teachers' Narratives from a School Guidance Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools in Hong Kong are concerned about the growing enrolments of students with special educational needs (SEN) and how these students could be included in school guidance. This study examines teachers' narratives of the inclusivity of school guidance. The study was qualitative, being a case study of a Hong Kong secondary school. School documents…

Hue, Ming-tak

2012-01-01

271

The Influence of Diglossia in Arabic on Narrative Ability: Evidence from Analysis of the Linguistic and Narrative Structure of Discourse among Pre-School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present study is to examine the influence of diglossia on linguistic and narrative structures in Arab kindergarten children by testing performance in production and comprehension. The 30 children who participated in our study were asked to retell one narrative text that was read aloud to them in Literary Arabic and another narrative

Leikin, Mark; Ibrahim, Raphiq; Eghbaria, Hazar

2014-01-01

272

Pathology Case Study: Progressive Tetraparesis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This neuropathology case, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, illustrates the process of diagnosing the cause of a patientâÂÂs progressive weakening of the limbs. Microscopic images of a biopsy specimen are included in the case study along with a gross description and image of the specimen. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâÂÂs findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with the diagnostic process and techniques.

Da Costa, Cristiane C.; Giannetti, Alexandre V.; Perpãâ©tuo, Francisco O.; Pittella, Josãâ© E.

2009-01-21

273

"Response to Comments": Finding the Narrative in Narrative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author responds to comments by Barone (2009), Clandinin and Murphy (2009), and M. W. Smith (2009) on "The Construction Zone: Literary Elements in Narrative Research" (Coulter & M. L. Smith, 2009). She clarifies issues regarding point of view, authorial surplus, narrative coherence, and the relational qualities of narrative research. She…

Coulter, Cathy A.

2009-01-01

274

Digital Forensics as a Surreal Narrative  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Digital forensics is traditionally approached either as a computer science problem or as an investigative problem. In both cases, the goal is usually the same: attempt to locate discrete pieces of information that are probative. In the computer science approach, characteristics of the data are utilized to include or exclude objects, data or metadata. The investigative approach reviews the content of the evidence to interpret the data in the light of known facts and elements of the crime in order to determine probative information or information of lead value. This paper explores two literary theories, narrative theory and surrealism, for potential application to the digital forensic process. Narrative theory focuses on the “story” that is represented by text. At some level, a storage device may be viewed as a series of interweaving, possibly multi-dimensional, narratives. Furthermore, the narratives themselves, coupled with the metadata from the file system and applications, may form a meta-narrative. The literary theory of surrealism, the notion of disjointed elements, can be utilized to derive meaning from forensic evidence. This paper uses a technique known as surrealist games to illustrate the point.

Pollitt, Mark

275

Storytelling as Pedagogy: An Unexpected Outcome of Narrative Inquiry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines how the use of narrative research methods can serve as pedagogical strategies in preservice teacher education. In this study, we see the intersection of narrative inquiry and storytelling-as-pedagogy. The two often intersect, but rarely has that intersection been examined in a systematic manner. This study examines data…

Coulter, Cathy; Michael, Charles; Poynor, Leslie

2007-01-01

276

Using Narratives in Healthcare Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Narratives convey feelings and communicate ideas that the listener needs to hear. As such, they make powerful tools in all endeavors of human interaction. The use of narratives has been especially successful in educational settings. The time has come for the patient narrative to take back its rightful place after having been displaced in the name…

Langer, Nieli; Ribarich, Marie

2009-01-01

277

Social Narrative Adaptation using Crowdsourcing  

E-print Network

Natural language interfaces, Narratives and story generation, Human com- puter interaction Digital ObjectSocial Narrative Adaptation using Crowdsourcing Sigal Sina1 , Avi Rosenfeld2 , and Sarit Kraus3 1 for creating Social Narratives that can be Adapted using information from Crowdsourcing. Previous methods

Kraus, Sarit

278

A qualitative study of science education in nursing school: Narratives of Hispanic female nurses' sense of identity and participation in science learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this qualitative study was to learn from Hispanic nursing students regarding their experiences as participants in science learning. The participants were four female nursing students of Hispanic origin attending a small, rural community college in a southeastern state. The overarching question of this study was "In what ways does being Hispanic mediate the science-related learning and practices of nursing students?" The following questions more specifically provided focal points for the research: (1) In what ways do students perceive being Hispanic as relevant to their science education experiences? (a) What does it mean to be Hispanic in the participants' home community? (b) What has it meant to be Hispanic in the science classroom? (2) In what ways might students' everyday knowledge (at home) relate to the knowledge or ways of knowing they practice in the nursing school community? The study took place in Alabama, which offered a rural context where Hispanic populations are rapidly increasing. A series of four interviews was conducted with each participant, followed by one focus group interview session. Results of the study were re presented in terms of portrayals of participant's narratives of identity and science learning, and then as a thematic interpretation collectively woven across the individuals' narratives. Portraitures of each participant draw upon the individual experiences of the four nursing students involved in this study in order to provide a beginning point towards exploring "community" as both personal and social aspects of science practices. Themes explored broader interpretations of communities of practice in relation to guiding questions of the study. Three themes emerged through the study, which included the following: Importance of Science to Nurses, Crossing with a Nurturing and Caring Identity, and Different Modes of Participation. Implications were discussed with regard to participation in a community of practice and rethinking scientific literacy in terms of different modes of participation that are brought to the community of science learning.

Gensemer, Patricia S.

279

Pathology Case Study: Lymphoplasmacytic Infiltrate  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This hematopathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. This case involves a 40-year-old woman presenting with a nodule in the skin on the left jaw line. Images from a biopsy of the nodule provide conclusive information that contributes to the patientâÂÂs diagnosis. A description of these images, and the patientâÂÂs immunohistochemistry and molecular studies are also provided. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâÂÂs findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâÂÂs conditions.

Whisnant, Richard

2009-06-12

280

"Thank You for Making Me Write This." Narrative Skills and the Management of Conflict in Urban Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We studied 364 narratives about personal experiences with conflict written by urban 4th, 5th, and 6th graders. Narratives were examined in terms of children's narrative and perspective-taking skills and the responses to conflict they described. Several features of narrative were reliably coded, including level of violence described in the story,…

Harris, Alexis R.; Walton, Marsha D.

2009-01-01

281

Innovative clean technologies case studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The case studies contained herein are the products of the 'Pollution Prevention by and for Small Business' Program (P2SB). The P2SB was an outreach program directed to small businesses that had developed innovative concepts for pollution prevention in their industries. The P2SB focused on high-risk concepts without ephasis on media or industry in order to provide an open program where

1993-01-01

282

Pathology Case Study: Visual Disturbances  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a neuropathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 49 year old woman has visual disturbances. Visitors are given the microscopic description, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

Bilbao, Juan M., 1938-; Horvath, Eva, Ph.D.; Kovacs, Kalman; Syro, Luis; Uribe, Humberto; Vidal, Sergio

2009-08-18

283

Against narrative medicine.  

PubMed

This essay aims to provoke debate on how and what the medical humanities should teach. It argues that the field has been dominated (to its detriment) by two misguided movements, postmodernism and narrative medicine, and that it should be redirected from utilitarian aims towards the goal of exposing medical students to a climate of thought and reflection. PMID:24769751

O'Mahony, Seamus

2013-01-01

284

Storytelling: The Original Narrative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Original stories can provide a wealth of opportunity for forensics competitors. Original storytelling requires the sharing of a personal experience or family narrative that is adaptable to audiences differing in age and education. Community organizations and groups are invited to participate as audience members and vary from round to round.…

Miller, Jerry L.

285

Narratives in Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In primary teacher education, using a multimedia learning environment, we challenge student teachers to develop narratives of paradigmatic classroom situations. In this digital environment they observe footage of classroom practice (mathematics lessons) and discuss, analyse, and interpret these episodes. The environment will stimulate student…

Dolk, Maarten; den Hertog, Jaap

2008-01-01

286

The Evolution of Luz: A Case Study of Gendered Tensions of Romance and Domesticity in the Life of a Former Migrant, Chicana College Student  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a case study of a Chicana former migrant in her first year of college through CAMP (College Assistance Migrant Program), and how she negotiated the challenges of family, romance, and the desire to reach her goals. Through narrative analysis, the authors examine the thoughts, words, and experiences of Luz's life to provide insight to…

Reyes, Reynaldo, III; Valles, Estella; Salinas, Cinthia

2011-01-01

287

Depression: The Differing Narratives of Couples in Couple Therapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How does the spouse of a person with depression take part in constructing narratives of depression in couple therapy? In this study we examined couples' ways of co-constructing narratives of depression in couple therapy. Three couple therapy processes were chosen for the study, one spouse in each couple having been referred to an outpatient clinic…

Rautiainen, Eija-Liisa; Aaltonen, Jukka

2010-01-01

288

Pathology Case Study: Pancreatic Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 72-year-old man with a history of prostatic adenocarcinoma is presented with left flank pain. Gross and microscopic images and descriptions of a needle biopsy of the pancreas are provided in the âÂÂPreoperative Studiesâ section. A âÂÂFinal Diagnosisâ section is also found here, which includes a detailed description of the condition from the contributing doctors. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâÂÂs conditions.

Deal, Karen; Rao, Uma N.

2009-05-01

289

Becoming a Teacher: Using Narrative as Reflective Practice. A Cross-Disciplinary Approach. Counterpoints: Studies in the Postmodern Theory of Education. Volume 411  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Becoming a Teacher" revisits the concept of Teacher Lore (Schubert and Ayers, 1992), by providing a cross-disciplinary approach linking elements of narrative theory to all aspects of pre- and in-service teaching. In essence, it embraces the notion that what teachers say matters. The rationale behind this text is the idea that narrative can not…

Blake, Robert W., Jr., Ed.; Blake, Brett Elizabeth, Ed.

2012-01-01

290

Pathology Case Study: Pulmonary Nodules  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This pediatric pathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. The learning objectives located at the top of the page are a great way for students to evaluate their learning progress. This case involves a 12-year-old girl presenting with recurrent lung nodules. Images from chest x-rays and a lung biopsy provide conclusive information that contributes to the patientâÂÂs diagnosis. A description of these images is also provided. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâÂÂs findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâÂÂs conditions.

Arnold, Sonya; Hasegawa, Susan

2009-05-08

291

Visualization rhetoric: framing effects in narrative visualization.  

PubMed

Narrative visualizations combine conventions of communicative and exploratory information visualization to convey an intended story. We demonstrate visualization rhetoric as an analytical framework for understanding how design techniques that prioritize particular interpretations in visualizations that "tell a story" can significantly affect end-user interpretation. We draw a parallel between narrative visualization interpretation and evidence from framing studies in political messaging, decision-making, and literary studies. Devices for understanding the rhetorical nature of narrative information visualizations are presented, informed by the rigorous application of concepts from critical theory, semiotics, journalism, and political theory. We draw attention to how design tactics represent additions or omissions of information at various levels-the data, visual representation, textual annotations, and interactivity-and how visualizations denote and connote phenomena with reference to unstated viewing conventions and codes. Classes of rhetorical techniques identified via a systematic analysis of recent narrative visualizations are presented, and characterized according to their rhetorical contribution to the visualization. We describe how designers and researchers can benefit from the potentially positive aspects of visualization rhetoric in designing engaging, layered narrative visualizations and how our framework can shed light on how a visualization design prioritizes specific interpretations. We identify areas where future inquiry into visualization rhetoric can improve understanding of visualization interpretation. PMID:22034342

Hullman, Jessica; Diakopoulos, Nicholas

2011-12-01

292

Understanding the Person through Narrative  

PubMed Central

Mental health nurses need to know their clients at depth, and to comprehend their social contexts in order to provide holistic care. Knowing persons through their stories, narratives they tell, provides contextual detail and person-revealing characteristics that make them individuals. Narratives are an everyday means of communicating experience, and there is a place for storytelling in nearly all cultures. Thus narrative is a culturally congruent way to ascertain and understand experiences. This means the nurse should ask questions such as “How did that come about?” versus why questions. A narrative approach stands in contrast to a yes/no algorithmic process in conversing with clients. Eliciting stories illustrates the social context of events, and implicitly provides answers to questions of feeling and meaning. Here we include background on narrative, insights from narrative research, and clinical wisdom in explaining how narratively understanding the person can improve mental health nursing services. Implications for theory, practice, and research are discussed. PMID:21994820

Hall, Joanne M.; Powell, Jill

2011-01-01

293

Literacy & Libraries: Learning from Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents 22 personal narratives in which library directors, program administrators, teachers, tutors, librarians, and adult learners explain firsthand how literacy programs at libraries across the United States have changed people's lives. The following narratives are included: "Gloria's Story: 'She Wanted Me to Be Somebody'"; A Learner…

DeCandido, GraceAnne A., Ed.

294

Case study research: design and methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Providing a complete portal to the world of case study research, the Fourth Edition of Robert K. Yin's bestselling text Case Study Research offers comprehensive coverage of the design and use of the case study method as a valid research tool. This thoroughly revised text now covers more than 50 case studies (approximately 25\\\\% new), gives fresh attention to quantitative

Robert K. Yin; M S Sridhar

2009-01-01

295

Case Study: The Case of the Jamaican Fisherman  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for high school and/or undergraduate students in anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores the anatomy and physiology of the cardiovascular, neural, muscular and respiratory systems. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Joyce Shaw (Endicott College Arts and Sciences)

2012-06-18

296

Case Study: An Unusual Case of Animal Reproduction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate and graduate students in biology and can be adapted for anatomy, physiology, and/or anatomy and physiology courses. In particular this case study explores anatomy and physiology associated with reproductive biology. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Joann B Powell (Clark Atlanta University Biological Sciences)

2011-12-08

297

Case Study: A Case of Spinal Cord Injury  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy, physiology, and/or anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores anatomy and physiology associated with spinal cord injury (plegia, neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, dermatome, stretch reflex). Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

David Dean (Spring Hill College Biology)

2005-12-02

298

Pathology Case Study: Lung Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center has compiled a wide range of pathology case studies to aid students and instructors in learning. A 59-year-old patient with a history of smoking was admitted for a biopsy of his recently transplanted liver. Laboratory results, X-ray images, microscopic descriptions and images are provided to aid in the understanding of the final diagnosis. The doctor's official conclusions and references are included in the "Final Diagnosis" section. Students entering health sciences fields will find this resource very helpful, as it provides experience with patient history, lab results and diagnostics.

Bastacky, Sheldon; Holst, Valerie

2007-10-17

299

Pathology Case Study: Pulmonary Hypertension  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 20-year-old man has a history of pulmonary hypertension. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in cardiovascular pathology.

Horn, Kevin D.

2007-08-16

300

Pathology Case Study: Macrocytic Anemia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which an older man suffering from chronic bronchitis and macrocytic anemia also developed persistent flu symptoms. Visitors view the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in hematopathology.

Bahler, David; Kulich, Scott; Shekhter-Levin, Sofia

2008-05-05

301

Pathology Case Study: Dilated Cardiomyopathy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man presented with a large range of symptoms from chills and fever to underdeveloped calf muscles. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in cardiovascular pathology.

Defrances, Marie C.; Lee, Robert E.

2008-05-14

302

Pathology Case Study: Skin Lesion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a woman with uterine endometrioid adenocarcinoma with focal squamous differentiation arising in complex atypical hyperplasia. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in dermatologic pathology.

Holst, Valerie; Jones, Mirka W.; Quintana, Paulina

2007-10-01

303

Pathology Case Study: Chronic Hypertension  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a clinical chemistry case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 57-year-old female has longstanding hypertension and peripheral vascular disease. Visitors are given catheterization procedure data and retroperitoneal ultrasound findings, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in clinical chemistry.

Schubert, Eric

2007-08-23

304

Pathology Case Study: Maculopapular Rash  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 38-year-old woman with a history of morbid obesity and gastric bypass surgery complains of fatigue, sore throat, and rash. Visitors are given the physical examination results and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in dermatologic pathology.

Flynn, Kevin J.; Malone, Mark

2007-11-21

305

Pathology Case Study: Liver Transplant  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 34-year-old is experiencing complications following a liver transplant. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in transplant pathology.

Richert, Charles A.

2007-08-22

306

Pathology Case Study: Renal Failure  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 36-year-old man has had two kidney transplants. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in transplant pathology.

Richert, Charles A.

2007-08-27

307

Pathology Case Study: Abdominal Pain  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 65-year-old man is complaining of abdominal pain. Visitors are given the radiology, gross and microscopic descriptions, flow cytometry, and molecular diagnostics, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in hematopathology.

Latulippe, Steven; Ohori, N. P.

2007-12-05

308

Pathology Case Study: Abdominal Pain  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 72-year-old man has abdominal pain, anorexia, and weight loss but no significant past medical history. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in autopsy pathology.

Nine, Jeff S.; Weir, Ed

2007-12-03

309

Pathology Case Study: Renal Insufficiency  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 74-year-old man has been referred to the hospital for renal insufficiency complicating scleroderma. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in renal pathology.

Bastacky, Sheldon; Perry, Linda

2007-09-03

310

Innovative clean technologies case studies  

SciTech Connect

The case studies contained herein are the products of the 'Pollution Prevention by and for Small Business' Program (P2SB). The P2SB was an outreach program directed to small businesses that had developed innovative concepts for pollution prevention in their industries. The P2SB focused on high-risk concepts without ephasis on media or industry in order to provide an open program where ground-breaking concepts were given a fair opportunity. The P2SB provided awards of up to $25,000 to assist small businesses for conducting their own demonstrations of pollution prevention techniques and technologies, and for advancing their products towards a practical stage.

Stone, K.R.

1993-08-01

311

Pathology Case Study: Gait Disorders  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 62-year-old woman with a 20-year history of gait disorders and dizziness. Visitors are given patient history, laboratory findings, along with microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

2009-04-21

312

Pathology Case Study: Renal Insufficiency  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man presented with chronic renal insufficiency, congestive heart failure, and diarrhea. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, immunofluorescence, electron microscopy, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in renal pathology.

Bastacky, Sheldon; Parizhskaya, Maria

2007-10-31

313

Pathology Case Study: Chronic Sinusitis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man reported a history of chronic sinusitis that was not responding to nasal and antibiotic treatments. Visitors can view both microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of head and neck pathology.

Becich, Michael J.; Fowler, Jason C.

2008-04-28

314

Pathology Case Study: Mediastinal Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man complained of diaphoresis nausea and substernal chest pain through his left arm. Subsequent tests revealed a mediastinal mass with both fatty and solid components. Visitors can view both microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of soft tissue pathology.

Fowler, Jason C.; Rao, Uma N.

2008-12-25

315

Pathology Case Study: Pigmented Lesion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 69-year-old man has a pigmented lesion on his right ear. Visitors are given the patient history and microscopic description, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in dermatologic pathology.

Ejadi, Samuel

2007-09-12

316

Pathology Case Study: Hepatitis C  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 43-year-old male with Hepatitis C has had a laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in transplant pathology.

Richert, Charles A.

2007-08-21

317

Pathology Case Study: Metastasizing Tumor  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a woman presented with a low-grade sarcoma with features of plexiform fibrohistiocytic tumor in the subcutaneous soft tissue of left posterior thigh. Visitors can view both gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of soft tissue pathology.

Rao, Uma N.; Rostami, Sassan

2009-02-17

318

Pathology Case Study: Back Pain  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 62-year-old woman who presented with two months of back pain. Visitors are given patient history, laboratory findings, along with gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pulmonary pathology.

Lu, Zhengbin; Schoedel, Karen

2009-04-17

319

Pathology Case Study: Testicular Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 18-year-old male with "painless enlargement of the right testes over a period of several months, initially attributed to a sports injury." Visitors are given admission data along with gross and microscopic description, including images and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in genitourinary pathology.

Fowler, Jason C.; Halpern, Melissa B.; Rao, Uma N.

2008-08-19

320

Pathology Case Study: Renal Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a pediatric pathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 19-month-old boy has a renal mass. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pediatric pathology.

Christakos, Peter; Dickman, Paul S.

2009-08-17

321

Pathology Case Study: Abdominal Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which an older woman developed a renal mass without evidence of angiomyolipoma. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in endocrine pathology.

Hardy, Hunter T.

2008-10-16

322

Narrative and the social construction of adulthood.  

PubMed

This chapter develops three points of elaboration and theoretical expansion upon Cohler's () treatise on personal narrative and life course. First, we highlight Cohler's emphasis on an interpretive, idiographic approach to the study of lives and reveal the radicalism of this approach, particularly in its ability to interrogate the lived experience of social categorization. Second, we link Cohler's position directly to cultural-historical activity theory (CHAT) and consider the link between inner and social speech through the idea of narrative engagement. Finally, following Cohler's life course perspective on human development, we suggest that adulthood is best conceived as a cultural discourse to which individuals orient their personal narratives through a dynamic process of narrative engagement rather than a clearly demarcated life stage. Emerging adulthood is linked to cultural and economic processes of globalization in the 21st century and challenges static notions of social roles traditionally associated with compulsory heterosexuality (e.g., marriage and parenthood). Narrative processes in emerging adulthood occur through both situated storytelling and the formation of a life story that provides coherence and social meaning, both of which have key implications for social stasis and change. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25251509

Hammack, Phillip L; Toolis, Erin

2014-09-01

323

The use of narrative-experiential instruments in contexts of military violence: The case of Palestinian children in the West Bank  

Microsoft Academic Search

Moving from a theoretical action science approach, the authors propose a community-oriented intervention model designed to prevent and limit traumatic reactions in children exposed to war and military violence. A case study of 500 Palestinian children from the Tulkarm Region (West Bank) to illustrate the intervention model and future directions are discussed.

Guido Veronese; Marco Castiglioni; Mahmud Said

2010-01-01

324

Literacy Narratives and Confidence Building in the Writing Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literacy narrative can make a unique contribution to composition studies, illustrating both how our culture inhibits literacy and how people overcome difficult obstacles in learning to read and write. Literacy narratives highlight for writing teachers the life lessons that have advanced people toward their literacy goals. These stories are…

Corkery, Caleb

2005-01-01

325

Narrative Performance and Parental Scaffolding of Shy and Nonshy Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined differences in performance between 20 shy and 20 matched nonshy children on a narrative task and in the way parents scaffolded their narrative performance when reading the wordless book "Frog, Where Are You", by Mercer Mayer. Consistent with previous research, results demonstrated that shy children spoke less than their nonshy…

Reynolds, Kailey Pearl; Evans, Mary Ann

2009-01-01

326

Measuring Player Immersion in the Computer Game Narrative  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to measure player immersion in the computer game narrative, this study explores and analyzes factors of the computer game narrative that influence players who are immersed in the game story world. Originally a questionnaire consisting of six dimensions—Curiosity, Concentration, Challenge, Control, Comprehension, and Empathy—was proposed. To evaluate the questionnaire, two surveys were conducted on the Internet, and data

Hua Qin; Pei-Luen Patrick Rau; Gavriel Salvendy

2009-01-01

327

Comprehending Narratives Containing Flashbacks: Evidence for Temporally Organized Representations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the representations that readers construct for narratives describing a sequence of events. Participants read narratives describing 4 successive events in chronological order (Event 1, Event 2, Event 3, Event 4 [E1, E2, E3, E4] Experiment 1) or in nonchronological order with E1 being mentioned in a flashback (E2, E3, E1,…

Claus, Berry; Kelter, Stephanie

2006-01-01

328

The Dream as Text, The Dream as Narrative  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concepts of “text” and “narrative” are reviewed in terms of their appropriate application to the study of dreams. It is proposed that, once experienced, all dreams are texts, but that not all of these texts are narratives. Blending Jung's proposal for the form of the average dream with basic terms from narratology, dream data are employed in order to

Patricia A. Kilroe

2000-01-01

329

“Determined women at work”: Group construction of narrative meaning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although interest in narrative research is increasing, little attention has been paid to how individual stories become a group narrative. An online environment provides a rich opportunity to capture asynchronous group storytelling as it occurs in a formal class environment. This study focused on how a group story is created. Data included individual stories of four graduate student participants and

Trena M. Paulus; Woodside Marianne; Ziegler Mary

2007-01-01

330

Knowledge Generated by Audiovisual Narrative Action Research Loops  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We present data collected from the research project funded by the Ministry of Education and Science of Spain entitled "Audiovisual Narratives and Intercultural Relations in Education." One of the aims of the research was to determine the nature of thought processes occurring during audiovisual narratives. We studied the possibility of getting to…

Bautista Garcia-Vera, Antonio

2012-01-01

331

Virginity Loss Narratives in “Teen Drama” Television Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

“Teen drama” television programs use sexual scripts that provide a framework for narrating virginity loss (Gagnon & Simon, 1973). Drawing on the work of Carpenter (2005), this study identifies the following sexual scripts in virginity-loss narratives: (a) the abstinence script, which places a high value on virginity and emphasizes delaying virginity loss; (b) the urgency script, which defines virginity as

Maura Kelly

2010-01-01

332

Personal Narrative Performance in the Classroom: A Teaching Tool  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Personal narratives can be useful epistemological tools or qualitative study methods that promote alternative ways of knowing in the classroom. Promoting interactive and meaningful classroom experiences involves motivating students in creative and innovative ways. In this essay, the authors discuss the use of personal narration as a pedagogical…

Montalbano, Lori; Ige, Dorothy W.

2011-01-01

333

A narrative study of selected introductory college biology students' struggles to gain an understanding of scale and measurement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Case studies, developed with criteria from Yin's Case Study Research: Design and Methods (1994), probed single mental constructs of four introductory college biology students who were recent high school graduates. Data sources included autobiographical essays, interviews, coconstructed concept maps (Wandersee & Abrams, 1993), a videotape questionnaire, and graphics. A multisensory microscopy experiment provided the setting for the construction of shared meanings by the participants. Concept maps were used then to explore the existing cognitive framework of the participants. This research affirmed the value of supporting graphic organizers for understanding science (Good & Berger, 1998; Hyerle, 1996; Trowbridge & Wandersee, 1998). Ausubelian cognitive learning theory (Ausubel, Novak, and Hanesian, 1978) was the theoretical foundation for this research. The heuristic device of concept mapping was used as a method to aid the student in externalizing and understanding the development and integration of relevant concepts. Ausubel (1968), Novak and Gowin (1984) recognize the positive results of knowledge construction from laboratory experiences. Expanding the student's immediate knowledge of microscopy with instruction by the researcher helped students connect scale relationships with microscopy. Results of this study suggest (a) that there are anticipatable and addressable gaps in their knowledge of size, scale, measurement, and micrometry that introductory college biology students bring to the science laboratory, and (b) that these gaps and misunderstandings will otherwise impede their learning from microscopy-based laboratory experiences and frustrate their ability to measure and to grasp the relative size of microstructures and microorganisms meaningfully. Results also suggest that, the MicroMeasure(TM) grid system in particular may offer a new and more effective way to help students learn to interpret the magnification powers used in presenting the objects pictured in the commonplace electron micrograph images appearing so frequently on the pages of today's biology textbooks. A better introduction to and progressive articulation of the precursor concepts needed to understand microscopic images during the K--12 school experience apparently would smooth the transition from high school to college biology laboratory learning from microscopes and microscopic images.

Hinton, Juliana Guillory

2000-10-01

334

Dilophosaurus!: A Narrated Exhibition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This guided tour of the dinosaur known as Dilophosaurus is narrated by the discoverer of Dilophosaurus, Sam Welles, formerly a professor at the University of California Museum of Paleontology (UCMP). Links lead to Dr. Wells' description of the discovery, as well as the morphology and habits of the creature. He also compares and contrasts the real animal with the one shown in the movie Jurassic Park. In addition there is a link to a more detailed discussion of the taxonomy of the dinosaur.

335

Career Counselling an African Immigrant Student in a USA School Setting: Merging Transition Theory with a Narrative Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A global professional discourse has emerged among career specialists inviting a critical examination of conventional career theory and calling for innovative, postmodern approaches that capture the complex, unique and evolving needs of diverse and disadvantaged students. Using a narrative case study the authors evaluate and describe the…

Mims, M. J.; Mims, G. A.; Newland, L. A.

2009-01-01

336

GPU COMPUTING IN FINANCE: SOME CASE STUDIES  

E-print Network

GPU COMPUTING IN FINANCE: SOME CASE STUDIES Dept. of Quantitative Finance, Natl. Tsing'S AGENDA * CPU Computing v.s. GPU Computing * Introduction to Monte Carlo Simulation * Case I: Joint Default Probability Estimation - importance sampling + GPU *Case II: Calibration to Implied

337

Reading Intervention to Improve Narrative Production, Narrative Comprehension, and Motivation and Interest of Children with Hearing Loss  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of a reading intervention on narrative production, narrative comprehension, and reading motivation interest in children with hearing loss. Seven school children between the ages of 9 and 11 were paired with younger "reading buddies" (without hearing loss). The children with hearing loss read storybooks to an…

Pakulski, Lori A.; Kaderavek, Joan N.

2012-01-01

338

Case Study: Brain vs. Spinal Cord  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for high school and undergraduate students in anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores anatomy of the cardiovascular and muscular systems. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Michael Hudecki (University of Buffalo Biological Sciences)

2000-08-31

339

Case Study: What Happened to 28 Days?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy and/or physiology. In particular this case study explores female reproductive physiology. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Tamar Goulet (University of Mississippi Biology)

2011-08-29

340

Case Study: Wearing on Her Nerves  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy and/or physiology. In particular this case study explores the nervous and muscular system . Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Kathleen Brown (CUNY Queensborough Community College Nursing/Massage Therapy)

2011-05-23

341

Case Study: Brain vs. Spinal Cord  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate and graduate students in anatomy. In particular this case study explores anatomy of the nervous system. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Patrick Field (Kean University Department of Biological Sciences)

2001-10-01

342

Case Study: Wake-up Call  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy and/or physiology. In particular this case study explores the cardiovascular system . Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Lisa Marie Rubin (VA Western New York Health System Formulary Management)

2002-09-16

343

Case Study: What Killed Leah Miller  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy and/or physiology. In particular this case study explores brain anatomy and physiology, hemostasis and blood clotting. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Sheri Boyce (Messiah College Biological Sciences)

2010-03-19

344

The Effects of Stimulant Medication on the Online Story Narrations of Children with ADHD  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study investigated the inclusion of goal-based story events in the online story narrations of children with attention\\u000a deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as compared with their peers, and explored the effect of stimulant medication on the\\u000a narrations in children with ADHD. Children completed a narration task on two separate occasions. Children with ADHD (n = 17) completed one narration on medication

Karen J. Derefinko; Ursula L. Bailey; Richard Milich; Elizabeth P. Lorch; Elizabeth Riley

2009-01-01

345

Pathology Case Study: Bilateral Pneumonia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology which describes a 75 year old woman "with a past medical history of significant for a 6 month history of cryoglobulinemia with vasculitis, congestive heart failure, hypertension, cryptogenic cirrhosis, peripheral vascular disease, chronic renal insufficiency, anemia, degenerative joint disease, and diverticulitis." Visitors are provided with patient history, admission data, and microscopic findings (lung), including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in clinical microbiology.

Davie, James; Graur, Octavia; Sheaffer, John

2008-12-12

346

STS Case Study Development Support  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Shuttle Case Study Collection (SCSC) has been developed using lessons learned documented by NASA engineers, analysts, and contractors. The SCSC provides educators with a new tool to teach real-world engineering processes with the goal of providing unique educational materials that enhance critical thinking, decision-making and problem-solving skills. During this third phase of the project, responsibilities included: the revision of the Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML) source code to ensure all pages follow World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) standards, and the addition and edition of website content, including text, documents, and images. Basic HTML knowledge was required, as was basic knowledge of photo editing software, and training to learn how to use NASA's Content Management System for website design. The outcome of this project was its release to the public.

Rosa de Jesus, Dan A.; Johnson, Grace K.

2013-01-01

347

Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Started in 2005, the peer-reviewed, open-access journal Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy (PCSP) provides "innovative, quantitative and qualitative knowledge about psychotherapy process and outcome, for both researchers and practitioners." The publication is sponsored by the Rutgers University Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology, and first-time visitors can get a feel for their work by looking over the table of contents of the current issue on the right-hand side of their homepage. Visitors should also feel free to browse through the archives, register to receive the latest edition of PCSP via email, and also learn about their submission policies. Additionally, visitors can also sign up for their RSS feed and create their own collection of PCSP articles.

348

Pathology Case Study: Breast Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 54 year-old woman presented with a âÂÂleft breast nodule.â Visitors are given the patientâÂÂs history, mammogram image, and the results from a fine needle aspiration (including images), and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. Students can check their conclusions by clicking on the âÂÂFinal Diagnosisâ section, which provides a thorough explanation of the diagnosis and treatment. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease.

Deal, Karen; Kanbour, Anisa; Nath, Manju E.

2009-08-31

349

Pathology Case Study: Retroperitoneal Masses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains two case studies presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology: one in which a man was experiencing increased pain in his left flank over the course of three weeks, and the second one in which a women experiencing persistent right lower quadrant pain shows a retroperitoneal lesion on CT scan. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patients. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in soft tissue pathology.

Dorvault, Christine; Fernandes, Shaila; Yousem, Sam

2007-10-29

350

Pathology Case Study: Dog Bites  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 56-year-old male with a past medical history significant for lymphoma (in remission). The patient is a health care worker who presented to the emergency room because of a dog bite. Visitors are given a patient history and culture findings, including images. They are also given an opportunity to diagnose the patient before clicking on the "Final Diagnosis" section, which provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in clinical microbiology.

Iscoll, Eileen; Lourduraj, Leena T.; Pasculle, A. W.

2008-11-17

351

Pathology Case Study: Pulmonary Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes "a 46-year-old gentleman with a persistent right lower lobe pulmonary mass after a successfully treated cavitary pneumonia 5 months ago." Visitors are given patient history along with radiology findings and images. They are also given gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pulmonary pathology.

Gregorio, Remigio; Johnson, Douglas R.; Nodit, Laurentia; Yousem, Sam

2009-03-11

352

Pathology Case Study: Stillborn Fetus  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology which presents a 29 year old Hispanic woman who delivered a stillborn fetus with a estimated gestation of 29 weeks. Visitors are provided with patient history along with gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in perinatal pathology.

Klatt, Edward C., 1951-; Mccune, Ryan

2008-12-08

353

Pathology Case Study: Abdominal Distention  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 60-year-old woman who presented with a history of marked abdominal distention lasted for several months with associated progressive fatigue, progressive weight loss and fever. Visitors are given patient history along with gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in soft tissue pathology.

Rao, Uma N.; Sepulveda, Antonia; Yu, Hongbo

2009-03-18

354

Case Study: A Picture Worth a Thousand Words? Making a Case for Video Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A picture, they say, is worth a thousand words. If a mere picture is worth a thousand words, how much more are "moving pictures" or videos worth? The author poses this not merely as a rhetorical question, but because she wishes to make a case for using videos in the traditional case study method. She recommends four main approaches of…

Pai, Aditi

2014-01-01

355

Processes and Content of Narrative Identity Development in Adolescence: Gender and Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined narrative identity in adolescence (14-18 years) in terms of narrative content and processes of identity development. Age- and gender-related differences in narrative patterns in turning point memories and gender differences in the content and functions for sharing those memories were examined, as was the relationship…

McLean, Kate C.; Breen, Andrea V.

2009-01-01

356

Story-based learning: The impact of narrative on learning experiences and outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the intelligent tutoring systems community, narrative is emerging as an effective medium for contextualizing learning. To date, relatively few empirical studies have been conducted to assess learning in narrative-centered learning environments. In this paper, we investigate the effect of narrative on learning experiences and outcomes. We present results from an experiment conducted with eighth-grade middle school students interacting with

Scott W. Mcquiggan; Jonathan P. Rowe; Sunyoung Lee; James C. Lester

2008-01-01

357

Children's Oral Narrative and Reading Skills in the First 3 Years of Reading Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigated the link between oral narrative and reading skills in the first 3 years of reading instruction. Study 1 consisted of 61 children (M = 6:1 years) who had experienced 1 year of reading instruction on average. Children's story retelling was scored for memory and narrative quality. The quality of children's narratives

Reese, Elaine; Suggate, Sebastian; Long, Jennifer; Schaughency, Elizabeth

2010-01-01

358

Effects of an Individualized Narrative Intervention on Children's Storytelling and Comprehension Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Narrative skills that are important for preschoolers include retelling stories, telling personal stories, and answering questions about stories. Narrative abilities form the foundation of reading comprehension. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of an individually delivered language intervention on the narrative skills of…

Spencer, Trina D.; Kajian, Mandana; Petersen, Douglas B.; Bilyk, Nicholas

2013-01-01

359

Narrative and Rhetorical Approaches to Problems of Education. Jerome Bruner and Kenneth Burke Revisited  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last few decades there has been a strong narrative "turn" within the humanities and social sciences in general and educational studies in particular. Especially Jerome Bruner's theory of narrative as a specific "mode of knowing" was very important for this growing body of work. To understand how the narrative mode works Bruner proposes to…

Rutten, Kris; Soetaert, Ronald

2013-01-01

360

Does Santa Exist? Children's Everyday Narratives as Dynamic Meeting Places in a Day Care Centre Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article attempts to answer the question: What is the nature of children's everyday narratives in a day care centre context? The theoretical framework of this study is based on a narrative approach. The research material was gathered through applying the methodology of narrative ethnography. The article is based on observational material…

Puroila, Anna-Maija; Estola, Eila; Syrjala, Leena

2012-01-01

361

The Role of Narrative in Understanding Digital Video: An Exploratory Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the basic principles and research supporting the concept of narrative intelligence and its applicability to the ways in which people make sense of digital video. Explores relevant theory and research in sense-making, surrogates, narrative, and narrative intelligence and presents preliminary results of two research studies. Results have…

Wilkens, Todd; Hughes, Anthony; Wildemuth, Barbara M.; Marchionini, Gary

2003-01-01

362

The Development of Narrative Comprehension and Its Relation to Other Early Reading Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first goal of this study was to examine young children's developing narrative comprehension abilities using theory-based, authentic measures of comprehension processes. The second goal was to examine the relations among young children's comprehension abilities and other early reading skills. Children ages 4 and 6 listened to or watched two authentic narratives. We measured their comprehension of these narratives as

Julie S. Lynch; Paul van den Broek; Kathleen E. Kremer; Panayiota Kendeou; Mary Jane White; Elizabeth P. Lorch

2008-01-01

363

Supporting narrative understanding of children with autism: A story interface with autonomous autobiographic agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent studies in education for children with autism demonstrated that computer assisted learning can increase children's narrative understanding. However, software interfaces which include autonomous intelligent agents have yet to be explored in this context. In this paper we investigate how a narrative storytelling environment which is populated with virtual characters may help children with autism to understand narrative structure and

Wan Ching Ho; Megan Davis; Kerstin Dautenhahn

2009-01-01

364

Relations Between Narrative Construction of Ethnicity-Based Discrimination and Ethnic Identity Exploration and Pride  

Microsoft Academic Search

Narrative identity work can offer fruitful insights into how individuals explore ethnic identity and develop a sense of ethnic pride. This study examined links between status and narrative approaches to ethnic identity development in a small sample of ethnically diverse college students. Findings revealed few differences in narratives about ethnicity-based discrimination between majority ethnicity (n = 41) and minority ethnicity participants (n = 36).

Monisha Pasupathi; Cecilia Wainryb; Michelle Twali

2012-01-01

365

The Future Career Autobiography: A Narrative Measure of Career Intervention Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To be consistent with narrative career theory, effective career interventions should result in changes to individuals' occupational narratives over time. This exploratory study sought to present and examine the efficacy of the Future Career Autobiography (FCA), which is a narrative tool designed to identify and measure change or lack of change in…

Rehfuss, Mark C.

2009-01-01

366

Narrative Analysis of "Hidden Stories": A Potential Tool for Teacher Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The phenomenon of "hidden stories" is presented here through an exemplary story told by a woman teacher, who revealed it for the first time in a seminar work, employing narrative analysis to examine its long-term effect on her. Through that intimate narrative and its analysis, this study seeks to understand how narrative analysis contributed to…

Pritzker, Drora

2012-01-01

367

Constructing Self as Leader: Case Studies of Women Who Are Change Agents in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present article draws from the biographical narratives of three South African high school female principals which are part of a larger research study in which 26 aspiring and practicing women school leaders were interviewed. Narratives were constructed from in-depth interviews with each participant and analyzed for themes that provided…

Mogadime, Dolana; Mentz, P. J.; Armstrong, Denise E.; Holtam, Beryl

2010-01-01

368

RAMESES publication standards: meta-narrative reviews  

PubMed Central

Background Meta-narrative review is one of an emerging menu of new approaches to qualitative and mixed-method systematic review. A meta-narrative review seeks to illuminate a heterogeneous topic area by highlighting the contrasting and complementary ways in which researchers have studied the same or a similar topic. No previous publication standards exist for the reporting of meta-narrative reviews. This publication standard was developed as part of the RAMESES (Realist And MEta-narrative Evidence Syntheses: Evolving Standards) project. The project's aim is to produce preliminary publication standards for meta-narrative reviews. Methods We (a) collated and summarized existing literature on the principles of good practice in meta-narrative reviews; (b) considered the extent to which these principles had been followed by published reviews, thereby identifying how rigor may be lost and how existing methods could be improved; (c) used a three-round online Delphi method with an interdisciplinary panel of national and international experts in evidence synthesis, meta-narrative reviews, policy and/or publishing to produce and iteratively refine a draft set of methodological steps and publication standards; (d) provided real-time support to ongoing meta-narrative reviews and the open-access RAMESES online discussion list so as to capture problems and questions as they arose; and (e) synthesized expert input, evidence review and real-time problem analysis into a definitive set of standards. Results We identified nine published meta-narrative reviews, provided real-time support to four ongoing reviews and captured questions raised in the RAMESES discussion list. Through analysis and discussion within the project team, we summarized the published literature, and common questions and challenges into briefing materials for the Delphi panel, comprising 33 members. Within three rounds this panel had reached consensus on 20 key publication standards, with an overall response rate of 90%. Conclusion This project used multiple sources to draw together evidence and expertise in meta-narrative reviews. For each item we have included an explanation for why it is important and guidance on how it might be reported. Meta-narrative review is a relatively new method for evidence synthesis and as experience and methodological developments occur, we anticipate that these standards will evolve to reflect further theoretical and methodological developments. We hope that these standards will act as a resource that will contribute to improving the reporting of meta-narrative reviews. To encourage dissemination of the RAMESES publication standards, this article is co-published in the Journal of Advanced Nursing and is freely accessible on Wiley Online Library (http://www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/journal/jan). Please see related articles http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7015/11/21 and http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7015/11/22 PMID:23360661

2013-01-01

369

Experiencing mindfulness meditation--a client narrative perspective  

PubMed Central

The study was based on the non-participant involvement of the researcher in four six-to-eight weeks' mindfulness meditation training courses led by chartered psychologists. The participants suffered from stress/sleeplessness, depression or agoraphobia in the presented cases. They were selected on the basis of recommendations by the psychologist who was the course instructor, who described them as positive and suitable. The participants wrote diaries on a weekly basis, and they were interviewed at the beginning, middle and end of the course. An in-depth analysis of three individual cases will be presented in the form of narratives constructed from their own words. The narratives demonstrate the unique and embodied changes of the individual participant's experiences during the training course. The purpose was to illustrate richly what happens and how changes happen during these weeks of learning and practicing mindfulness meditation. It is not the intention to give evidence about the effectiveness of mindfulness meditation in general, but to present the whats and hows of cases where mindfulness meditation appears to improve quality of life, health and well-being. PMID:20523884

Stelter, Reinhard

2009-01-01

370

Case study as a research method  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although case study methods remain a controversial approach to data collection, they are widely recognised in many social science studies especially when in-depth explanations of a social behaviour are sought after. This article, therefore, discusses several aspects of case studies as a research method. These include the design and categories of case studies and how their robustness can be achieved.

Zaidah Zainal

2007-01-01

371

NWCC Transmission Case Study III  

SciTech Connect

OAK-B135 Transmission System Improvements for Wind Energy Development in the Upper Midwest and Great Plains: Opportunities and Obstacles. This case study set out to ascertain the validity of three assumptions from the perspectives of stakeholders involved in wind energy and transmission issues in the Upper Midwest and Great Plains. The assumptions, and the stakeholders' reactions to each, are summarized below: Assumption 1--Transmission system improvements would provide significant benefits to the electricity network and its customers. Respondents acknowledge the potential for overall system benefits in the form of reduced line losses, improved grid stability and reliability, and enhanced ability to conduct spot market transactions. They also agree that these benefits relate to specific regional needs. However, there is disagreement over the extent of other benefits such as efficiency gains and cost savings from reduced line losses. Further, environmental and community interest groups point out that none of these benefits are realized without significant financial, environmental and social costs. Assumption 2--The benefits of transmission improvements would be helpful, but not confined, to wind power. All respondents agree that wind energy could benefit from transmission system improvements. But they also acknowledge, reluctantly, in the case of environmental stakeholders, that the benefits of an improved transmission system cannot be limited to environmentally preferable forms of generation. Some environmental and community advocate respondents also feel that transmission system improvement projects can be avoided altogether through energy conservation and efficiency measures, and by substituting wind energy for fossil generation. Assumption 3--Transmission alliances among stakeholders within and external to the wind community can provide benefits in the public interest. The fractured, multi-jurisdictional governance of the regional transmission system, and the distrust and diversity of perspectives among affected stakeholders, may make the formation of multi-stakeholder alliances necessary to accomplishing transmission goals. If the wind industry and utilities want to partner with environmental and community advocate groups in supporting a transmission project, they may have to convince these groups that the project would result in a net environmental benefit. The project proponents would have to make the case that the benefits of the additional wind energy will at least offset the emissions of any additional fossil generation made possible by the transmission project, as well as offset the environmental impact of the transmission project itself.

Terry Allison, Steve Wiese

2000-03-01

372

Before and After: An Exploration into Narrative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a project about narrative in art that combines a study of art history with art reproductions. Explains that the students create before and after pictures on postcards for famous works of art. States that students were asked to choose an artist such as Norman Rockwell, Edward Gorey, or Jonathan Green. (CMK)

Clark, Kelly

2003-01-01

373

A Narrative Account of a Teacher Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This narrative account draws on dialogic approaches to education to critically reflect on teachers' expressed pedagogic thinking in community. The context for the study is a teacher community in Central Finland comprising teachers from pre-primary to upper secondary contexts. The shared interest of the community is in the foreign-language…

Moate, Josephine

2014-01-01

374

Narrative and the Social Construction of Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter develops three points of elaboration and theoretical expansion upon Cohler's (1982) treatise on personal narrative and life course. First, we highlight Cohler's emphasis on an interpretive, idiographic approach to the study of lives and reveal the radicalism of this approach, particularly in its ability to interrogate the…

Hammack, Phillip L.; Toolis, Erin

2014-01-01

375

Autism as Metaphor: Narrative and Counter-Narrative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we explore the significance of metaphor and dominant cultural narratives in current autism discourse. We briefly explore the history of metaphor in autism discourse, and outline the contemporary struggle between the culturally dominant metaphor of autism as disease and the emergent counter-narrative of autism within neurodiversity.…

Broderick, Alicia A.; Ne'eman, Ari

2008-01-01

376

Visualising and Quantifying Impact and Effect in Twitter Narrative using Geometric Data Analysis  

E-print Network

Geometric data analysis, which is multivariate data analysis, is an approach for what has been referred to as the visualisation and verbalisation of data. The general objectives are data mining and knowledge discovery. In the first case study, we use the narrative surrounding very highly profiled tweets, and thus a Twitter event of significance and importance. In the second case study, we use eight carefully planned Twitter campaigns relating to environmental issues. The aim of these campaigns was to increase environmental awareness and behaviour. Each campaign was launched by an initiating tweet. In our previous work we noted the following, which we address in an innovative way in this new work: "top-down communication campaigns [in social media] both predominate and are advised by those involved in `social marketing' ... . However, this rarely manifests itself through measurable behaviour change ..." We visualise and we show how we can quantify change in Twitter narrative. Potentially too, we show how we ca...

Murtagh, Fionn; Bull, Richard

2014-01-01

377

Case Study: The Chemistry of Cocaine  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This column provides original articles on innovations in case study teaching, assessment of the method, as well as case studies with teaching notes. This month's case study focuses on the chemistry of cocaine to teach a number of core concepts in organic chemistry. It also requires that students read and analyze an original research paper on…

Dewprashad, Brahmadeo

2011-01-01

378

Real-Life Case Studies for Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Case studies described in this book reflect conditions present in today's public schools. Situations described in these case studies are intended to introduce education students to the variety of problems existing in today's schools. The 38 case studies highlight: student cheating; teacher's observation by administrator; inclusion; contract…

Hayes, William

379

Nakba in Narratives about Zionism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The amply documented and recorded facts of Nakba are treated elsewhere in this volume, leaving this paper to focus on the place of Nakba in four narratives related to Zionism. Contests over narratives of Nakba reflect significant imbalance of power between the perpetrators and the victims, the imbalance, which has become greater since 1948. These unequal power relations are reflected

Yakov M. RABKIN

380

Mythmaking in Alien Abduction Narratives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examination of alien abduction discourse has the potential to inform our understanding of symbolic practices. This essay uses 130 narratives of individuals who claim to have had contact with extraterrestrial beings to argue that alien abduction discourse is a living myth. This myth—the Myth of Communion—is rhetorically significant because it illustrates the formative power of narrative while also revealing certain

Stephanie Kelley-Romano

2006-01-01

381

Literary narrative in medical practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is generally accepted that the practice of medicine could be improved by turning to the humanities in general, and to narrative and text interpretation in particular. Neverthless, there is hardly any agreement as to the nature of the clinical text, whether it be the patient's narrative that needs to be richly understood, or the patient as patient who must

M Kottow; A Kottow

2002-01-01

382

The narrative power of astrobiology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The narrative power of astrobiology: Telling the story of the quest to understand life's origins and the search for evidence of extraterrestrial life INTRODUCTION The story of the origins and evolution of life is a narrative with nearuniversal appeal. The story of life on Earth is meaningful to all people, and the search for life elsewhere is appealing across cultural

Linda Billings

2008-01-01

383

Enhancing Vocational Psychology Practice through Narrative Inquiry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recommends viewing life career development as a narrative that facilitates holistic construction of personal meanings. Provides guidelines for the development and use of career narratives in counseling. (SK)

Chen, Charles P.

2002-01-01

384

Treatment of posttraumatic arthrofibrosis of the radioulnar joint with vibration therapy (VMTX Vibromax Therapeutics™): A case report and narrative review of literature  

PubMed Central

Objective To present the clinical features of post traumatic arthrofibrosis and response to treatment with Vibromax Therapeutics™ (VMTX™) in 28 year old male soccer player. Rationale Many studies have reported an increase in muscle performance after whole-body vibration, but to date none have evaluated the possibility of vibration application as a therapy for functional restoration after injury. Conclusions Vibration training is being utilized in, strength training, performance enhancement and rehabilitation. Despite the lack of research in this area, the literature that is currently available and the results of this case study imply that vibration therapy has the potential to aid in the management of acute soft tissue injury and the sequela of disuse and immobilization. PMID:18327298

Macintyre, Ian; Kazemi, Mohsen

2008-01-01

385

Demystifying Instructional Innovation: The Case of Teaching with Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues emerging from instructional innovation are inevitable, yet basing any curriculum shift on a theoretical framework is paramount. This paper grounds the case-based pedagogy in three learning theories: behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism. The three theories are described and situated in relation to the case study method. An…

Kantar, Lina D.

2013-01-01

386

Case Studies for Effective Business Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is designed as a resource for educators who teach business content in a variety of instructional settings. It contains case studies representing all functional areas of business, including corporate training, for grades 7 through graduate education. Chapter 1 provides an overview of the case study method. The history of the case method,…

McAlister-Kizzier, Donna

387

Case Study: A Spill at Parsenn Bowl  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for high school and/or undergraduate students in anatomy, physiology, and anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores anatomy and physiology associated with thermoregulation, inflammation and structures of the knee. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

PhD Elaine S Chapman (Illinois College Biology)

2005-12-02

388

Constitutional Change: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a lesson for secondary students which teaches that the U.S. Constitution has changed in a variety of ways and that it has a direct effect upon the lives of citizens. Provides a worksheet and a lecture outline covering three methods of constitutional change and Supreme Court cases such as Dred Scott and Brown vs. Board of Education. (GEA)

Christofferson, Walter D.; Pergande, Donald J.

1987-01-01

389

Using Case Studies to Teach Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article inspires educators to understand how case study teaching has gained a strong foothold in science education. Advances in the field include variations on methodology, from whole class discussion to the jigsaw approach, an increase in educational resources on the topic, over a thousand studies that show improved learning when case studies are used, and a survey that illustrates students enjoy and benefit from case studies.

Clyde Freeman Herreid (University at Buffalo, State University of New York;)

2005-05-01

390

Teaching Narrative Writing Using Comics: Delainey and Rasmussen, the Creators of "Betty," Share Their Composing Strategies as Rich Literacy Resources for Elementary Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author explores how comics texts and writing practices are rich literacy resources for educators. Few studies report on how teachers explore such texts and practices in their classrooms. The author examines how drawing improves students' narrative writing and presents findings from a 7-month case study of Delainey and Rasmussen's collaborative…

Nixon, Rhonda

2012-01-01

391

Narratives in Teaching Practice: Matti Raekallio as Narrator in His Piano Lessons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present article considers the narratives told in piano lessons, studied as both a teacher's "way of knowing" and as echoes of "masters' voices" in classical music. The main character is a well known Finnish music pedagogue and artist, Matti Raekallio, and the study focuses on his knowledge of teaching practice; that is, his practical…

Hyry-Beihammer, Eeva Kaisa

2011-01-01

392

[Chorioangioma--a case study].  

PubMed

Chorioangioma (chorionic angioma) is the most common non-malignant placental tumor Taking into account its morphological structure, it can have significant influence on fetal condition and pregnancy depending on its size. In the presented case a substantial placental tumor was diagnosed and complications typical for chorioangioma, such as fetal hemodynamic disorders, polyhydramnios, gestational diabetes and premature labor were observed. The applied treatment led to normalization of the fetal and maternal condition and to prolongation of the pregnancy PMID:24783437

Moszczy?ska, Katarzyna; Szu?czy?ski, Jaros?aw; Wasik, Damian; Tretyn, Andrzej; Breborowicz, Grzegorz H; Dubiel, Mariusz

2014-03-01

393

A multi-site single-blind clinical study to compare the effects of STAIR Narrative Therapy to treatment as usual among women with PTSD in public sector mental health settings: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background This article provides a description of the rationale, design, and methods of a multisite clinical trial which evaluates the potential benefits of an evidence-based psychosocial treatment, STAIR Narrative Therapy, among women with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) related to interpersonal violence who are seeking services in public sector community mental health clinics. This is the first large multisite trial of an evidence-based treatment for PTSD provided in the context of community settings that are dedicated to the treatment of poverty-level patient populations. Methods The study is enrolling 352 participants in a minimum of 4 community clinics. Participants are randomized into either STAIR Narrative Therapy or Treatment As Usual (TAU). Primary outcomes are PTSD, emotion management and interpersonal problems. The study will allow a flexible application of the protocol determined by patient need and preferences. Secondary analyses will assess the relationship of outcomes to different patterns of treatment implementation for different levels of baseline symptom severity. Discussion The article discusses the rationale and study issues related to the use of a flexible delivery of a protocol treatment and of the selection of treatment as it is actually practiced in the community as the comparator. Trial registration Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01488539. PMID:24886235

2014-01-01

394

Case Studies on Women and Public Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The public policy schools adopted the method of case teaching pioneered at the Harvard Business School. Public policy teaching cases serve two important pedagogical purposes for the feminist teacher. First, they offer real stories of the women's movement or gender issues in a women's studies field increasingly dominated by feminist theory. Second, cases examine policy issues from women's perspectives. Using

Sally J. Kenney

395

Resource Material. Handbook of Selected Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook is designed to assist instructors in training human service workers who come into contact with older adults. The 250 case studies are actual cases collected by research staff in the field. Suggestions are offered for a variety of methods the instructors may use in presenting the cases. Recommendations are made for forming working…

Harvey, Dexter; Cap, Orest

396

Towards Narrative-Centered Learning Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because narrative plays such a central role in cognition and culture, narrative-centered curric- ula have been the subject of increasing atten- tion. By taking advantage of the inherent struc- ture of narrative, narrative-centered learning envi- ronments could provide engaging worlds in which students are actively involved in motivating story- building activities. The fundamental hypothesis of this research program is that

Bradford W. Mort; Charles B. Callaway; Luke S. Zettlemoyer; Seung Y. Lee; James C. Lester

1999-01-01

397

The Gameplay Gestalt, Narrative, and Interactive Storytelling  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the relationship between concepts of narrative, patterns of interaction within computer games constituting gameplay gestalts, and the relationship between narrative and the gameplay gestalt. The repetitive patterning involved in gameplay gestalt formation is found to undermine deep narrative immersion. The creation of stronger forms of interactive narrative in games requires the resolution of this confl ict. The

Craig A. Lindley

2002-01-01

398

Same but Different: Space, Time and Narrative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, I give an account of the ways in which narratives and identities change over space and time. I give an account of a mobile and changing human subject, one who does not simply express or represent her- or himself through narrative, but is constructed and reconstructed through narrative. I draw on Paul Ricoeur's concepts of "narrative

Bansel, Peter

2013-01-01

399

Counter-memory activism in the aftermath of tragedy: a case study of the Westray Families Group.  

PubMed

Narratives are critical to how people understand themselves and the significant events of their lives. Drawing upon social memory theory and the social constructionist approach to social problems, this study provides a narrative analysis of the counter-memory activism of the Westray Families Group (WFG), which formed after 26 men died in the 1992 Westray mine explosion (Plymouth, NS). Against alternative explanations promoted by more powerful stakeholders, the WFG adopted and weaved a corporate negligence narrative into their commemorative activism. This study illustrates how a small families group can draw reflexively upon and reshape cultural scripts to narrate how others should remember and respond to key events. PMID:21595369

Verberg, Norine; Davis, Christopher G

2011-02-01

400

"We Just Don't Have the Possibility Yet": U.S. Latina/o Narratives on Study Abroad  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whether indirectly from governmental and non-governmental organizations or directly from higher education institutions, students receive messages that they should study abroad. Studying in a foreign country is considered essential if students are to be marketable to future employers and prepared to lead the U.S. into a new era. Despite the…

McClure, Kevin R.; Szelenyi, Katalin; Niehaus, Elizabeth; Anderson, Aeriel A.; Reed, Jeffrey

2010-01-01

401

Narrative discourse and sociocognitive abilities of a child with Cri-du-Chat syndrome.  

PubMed

The authors investigated narrative competence, sociocognitive abilities and emotion comprehension in a 9-year-old child (FS) with Cri-du-Chat Syndrome (CdCS) who had only a mild mental delay and relatively preserved language. Considering that the production of narratives is a major step in development and in the acquisition of learning skills related to conceptual, linguistic, structural, and pragmatic knowledge, and in the development of psychological lexicon, that is, the ability to use theory of mind (ToM) processes also in atypical development, this case provided an opportunity to study aspects of this genetic syndrome never investigated before. The authors found that the child's performance on different stories was comparable to that of chronological age controls for several narrative and emotional competences and even better than that of mental age controls. However, her ability to reason was still incomplete according ToM; in fact, FS was able to express her mental states, but she was unable to understand emotions, specifically mixed emotions. This finding suggests that in CdCS children with a well-developed language narrative and emotional competence could be a point of strength for improving their social skills with important effects on their familiar and school life. Also in CdCS children with the typical poor developed language, the narrative discourse could be introduced in their communication by means of any type of alternative language (i.e., sign language or augmentative and alternative communication) to improve their social abilities and to reduce behavioral disorders due to the difficulty in expressing their personal experiences. PMID:23534097

Albano, Stefania; Piccardi, Laura; Pizzamiglio, Maria Rosa; Volpe, Cristino; D'Amico, Simonetta

2013-01-01

402

"I Never Thought I Would Have to Do This": Narrative Study with Siblings-in-law Who Live Together with a Family Member with a Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a lack of international research focusing on how the siblings-in-law of adults with a learning disability experience their commitment to provide support. Using narrative research, the authors have aimed to gain an insight into the perspectives of 14 siblings-in-law (living in the Flemish part of Belgium) about the decision to live…

Vanhoutteghem, Inge; Van Hove, Geert; D'haene, Geert; Soyez, Veerle

2014-01-01

403

Ovarian cancer: a case study.  

PubMed

Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death from gynecologic malignancies in the United States, accounting for approximately 15,000 deaths each year. Patients commonly present to their primary care providers with vague abdominal symptoms. Health care providers need to become more aware of the importance of pursuing seemingly vague symptoms. A discerning knowledge of the risk factors and symptoms of this disease enables the clinician to institute appropriate assessment strategies, intervention, and referral, resulting in reduced mortality rates. This case report of a white woman aged in her 60s diagnosed with ovarian cancer stresses the need for early screening and detection, disease education, and prompt referral and management to displace the fear associated with the diagnosis and improve survival. PMID:11858319

McAuley, M

2000-11-01

404

Vasovagal Syncope Case Study/Laboratory Supplement  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study emphasizing neural control of the cardiovascular system. This study was designed to be completed during an undergraduate anatomy and physiology laboratory period on the study of blood pressure and hemodynamics. This case study involves guided student exploration in understanding of the autonomic nervous system, heart rate, total peripheral resistance, cardiac output, blood pressure, and autoregulatory range. This study also includes an optional section on cardiovascular responses in pregnancy.

PhD Jan Foster (North Greenville University Biology)

2012-05-01

405

Developmental Changes in Narrative and Non-Narrative Discourse in Children with and without Brain Injury.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study found that three oral discourse genres (script, picture description, and replica play narration) were able to characterize development in discourse abilities in 6 children (ages 5-7) with brain injury and 43 nondisabled children. Brain-injured children produced shorter discourse performances with more off-task talk but showed…

Hemphill, Lowry; And Others

1994-01-01

406

Evaluating Mediated Perception of Narrative Health Messages: The Perception of Narrative Performance Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Narrative media health messages have proven effective in preventing adolescents' substance use, but few measures exist to assess perceptions of them. Without such a measure it is difficult to evaluate the role these messages play in health promotion or to differentiate them from other message forms. In response to this need, a study was conducted to evaluate the Perception of

Jeong Kyu Lee; Michael L. Hecht; Michelle Miller-Day; Elvira Elek

2011-01-01

407

Systematic Individualized Narrative Language Intervention on the Personal Narratives of Children with Autism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of an individualized, systematic language intervention on the personal narratives of children with autism. Method: A single-subject, multiple-baseline design across participants and behaviors was used to examine the effect of the intervention on language features of personal…

Petersen, Douglas B.; Brown, Catherine L.; Ukrainetz, Teresa A.; Wise, Christine; Spencer, Trina D.

2014-01-01

408

Truecasing clinical narratives.  

PubMed

Truecasing, or capitalization, is the rewriting of each word of an input text with its proper case information. Many medical texts, especially those from legacy systems, are still written entirely in capitalized letters, hampering their readability. We present a pilot study that uses the World Wide Web as a corpus in order to support automatic truecasing. The texts under scrutiny were German-language pathology reports. By submitting token bigrams to the Google Web search engine we collected enough case information so that we achieved 81.3% accuracy for acronyms and 98.5% accuracy for normal words. This is all the more impressive as only half of the words used in this corpus existed in a standard medical dictionary due to the excessive use of ad-hoc single-word nominal compounds in German. Our system performed less satisfactory for spelling correction, and in three cases the proposed word substitutions altered the meaning of the input sentence. For the routine deployment of this method the dependency on a (black box) search engine must be overcome, for example by using cloud-based Web n-gram services. PMID:21893817

Kreuzthaler, Markus; Schulz, Stefan

2011-01-01

409

Digital stories: incorporating narrative pedagogy.  

PubMed

An ever-increasingly complex health care environment requires practitioners who can solve clinical problems from a range of perspectives and synthesize multiple sources of knowledge. Narrative pedagogy was the framework for a digital story assignment for a senior-level synthesis and clinical decision making course. This article describes how the use of digital stories enhanced students' clinical thinking strategies from a narrative pedagogy perspective. PMID:20143754

Gazarian, Priscilla K

2010-05-01

410

Eight Versions of the Visit to "La Barranca": Critical Discourse Analysis of a Study-Abroad Narrative from Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2007, eleven diverse undergraduate students from Texas spent a month in Mexico on a study-abroad program sponsored by the School of Education at their university. A central goal of the program was to facilitate pre-service teachers' ability to articulate a critical understanding of the needs of second language (L2) learners in their future…

Menard-Warwick, Julia; Palmer, Deborah

2012-01-01

411

Implicit and Explicit Mechanisms of Word Learning in a Narrative Context: An Event-Related Potential Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The vast majority of word meanings are learned simply by extracting them from context rather than by rote memorization or explicit instruction. Although this skill is remarkable, little is known about the brain mechanisms involved. In the present study, ERPs were recorded as participants read stories in which pseudowords were presented multiple…

Batterink, Laura; Neville, Helen

2011-01-01

412

Countering the Master Narrative: The Development of the Alternative Black Curriculum in Social Studies, 1890-1940  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this dissertation is to explore the development of the alternative black curriculum in social studies from 1890-1940. W.E.B. Du Bois and Carter G. Woodson worked in collaboration with women educators Nannie H. Burroughs and Anna Julia Cooper to create an alternative black curriculum that would support the intellectual growth of…

Murray, Alana D

2012-01-01

413

Asian-American Studies in the Age of the Prison Industrial Complex: Departures and Re-Narrations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay offers a schematic reflection on the institutional formation and political location of Asian-American Studies in relation to the rise of the United Sates prison industrial complex over the last three decades. The author is generally concerned with the peculiar location of "Asian-Americans" as fabricated cultural figures within a U.S.…

Rodriguez, Dylan

2005-01-01

414

GMF Model Migration Case Study Transformation Specification  

E-print Network

GMF Model Migration Case Study Transformation Specification K. Lano, S. Kolahdouz-Rahimi Dept-RSDS notation and tools to the GMF model migration case study and explain how to use the UML-RSDS tools. 1 Model migrations, and to abstraction and refinement transformations. The patterns assist in the derivation

Lano, Kevin Charles

415

Case Studies in Middle Management Supervision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter presents a series of supervision-related case studies of situations that midlevel managers might face. Individuals enrolled in a midlevel management professional development course recommended the topics selected for this chapter. Drawing upon her experience teaching the course, the author selected four case studies that individuals…

White, Lori S.

2011-01-01

416

Case-Control Study of Writer's Cramp  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Task-specific focal dystonias are thought to be due to a combination of individual vulnerability and environmental factors. There are no case-control studies of risk factors for writer's cramp. We undertook a case-control study of 104 consecutive patients and matched controls to identify risk factors for the condition. We collected detailed data…

Roze, E.; Soumare, A.; Pironneau, I.; Sangla, S.; de Cock, V. Cochen; Teixeira, A.; Astorquiza, A.; Bonnet, C.; Bleton, J. P.; Vidailhet, M.; Elbaz, A.

2009-01-01

417

Case Study: While you were sleeping...  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A case study designed for undergraduate biology majors enrolled in a two semester A&P course on an aspect of respiratory physiology. The case study on Obstructive Sleep Apnea is intended to stimulate critical thinking on the part of the students and to assist students in understanding the role of the chemoreceptors and their influence on the respiratory center in the medulla oblongata.

Ms. Jeannette K Hafey (Springfield College Biology/Chemistry)

2010-05-24

418

Optimizing Natural Gas Use: A Case Study  

E-print Network

OPTIMIZING NATURAL GAS USE: A CASE STUDY VEN V. VENKATESAN, PATRICK SCHWEIKERT, General Manager, Senior Manager (Maintenance), VGA Engineering Consultants, Inc. Baker Petrolite 8030 Sandberry Blvd. 9100 W, 21st Street...OPTIMIZING NATURAL GAS USE: A CASE STUDY VEN V. VENKATESAN, PATRICK SCHWEIKERT, General Manager, Senior Manager (Maintenance), VGA Engineering Consultants, Inc. Baker Petrolite 8030 Sandberry Blvd. 9100 W, 21st Street...

Venkatesan, V. V.; Schweikert, P.

2007-01-01

419

Successful Principal Leadership: Australian Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to provide an Australian perspective on successful school leadership. Design/methodology/approach: The paper focuses on case studies in two Australian states (Tasmania and Victoria). Case studies for each state were developed independently and are reported separately. Findings: The findings show a remarkable degree of…

Gurr, David; Drysdale, Lawrie; Mulford, Bill

2005-01-01

420

Encouraging Active Learning with Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses case studies as an active learning strategy for helping students develop the critical thinking processes that are key to composing, interpreting, and responding to literature and are important in other fields as well. To illustrate how case studies work in the classroom, why they are exciting and beneficial, and how they are…

Johannessen, Larry R.

421

Putting the Pieces Together: Case Studies  

E-print Network

Putting the Pieces Together: Case Studies #12;Case Studies · College student drop-out · Spartina;College Student Drop-out · Data from 1993-94 U.S. News and World Report surveys ­ Highly sub-optimal data grass growth · Climatological structure · Stress, depression, and religion · Test-taking anxiety #12

Spirtes, Peter

422

Case study research methods for theory building  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides a new definition for case study research. Achieving deep understanding of processes and other concept variables (e.g. actors’ perceptions of their own thinking processes, intentions and contextual influences) is identified as the principal objective of case study research. Using multiple methods to “triangulate” (i.e. confirm and deepen understanding by using multiple sources all focusing on the same

Arch G. Woodside; Elizabeth J. Wilson

2003-01-01

423

Crowdsourcing for e-governance: case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this case study, we share our experience with creating and running a large scale initiative in the state of Gujarat in India wherein Crowdsourcing [1] was used to develop e-Governance applications. The case study provides details on the methodology used, lessons learnt, key success factors, challenges faced, and recommendations for future usage of crowdsourcing for building e-Governance applications. In

Neeta Shah; Ashutosh Dhanesha; Dravida Seetharam

2009-01-01

424

Collaboration in Distance Education. International Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains nine case studies of collaboration in distance education. The case studies focus on such aspects of collaboration in distance education as the following: roles of individual institutional partners; importance of personal relationships; benefits of collaboration to individual partners; conflicts between collaboration and…

Moran, Louise, Ed.; Mugridge, Ian, Ed.

425

A Case Study of "Empathetic Teaching Artistry"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study is one of twenty cases derived from Anderson and Risner's international study of teaching artists in dance, and theatre, which investigated participants' (n=172) artistic and academic preparation in dance, and theatre, initial entry into the teaching artist field, rewards, challenges, and obstacles in participants'…

Risner, Doug

2014-01-01

426

Track and Trace Case Studies Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Report Abstract: As part of the track and trace theme of the Aero-ID programme, a series of case studies are being undertaken to establish the role of identification technologies can play in improving tracking and tracing. This report presents some initial results from two case studies focused on track and trace operations, which took place at a distribution centre for

Thomas Kelepouris; Tom Baynham; Duncan McFarlane

2006-01-01

427

Are nested case-control studies biased?  

PubMed Central

It has been recently asserted that the nested case-control study design, in which case-control sets are sampled from cohort risk sets, can introduce bias (“study design bias”) when there are lagged exposures. The bases for this claim include a theoretic and an “empirical evaluation” argument. Both of these arguments are examined and found to be incorrect. Appropriate methods to explore the performance of nested case-control study designs, analysis methods, and compute power and sample size from an existing cohort are described. This empirical evaluation approach relies on simulating case-control outcomes from risk sets in the cohort from which the case-control study is to be performed. Because it is based on the underlying cohort structure, the empirical evaluation can provide an assessment that is tailored to the specific characteristics of the study under consideration. The methods are illustrated using samples from the Colorado Plateau uranium miners cohort. PMID:19289963

Langholz, Bryan; Richardson, David

2014-01-01

428

Sustainable Development: Case Studies & Lessons Learned  

E-print Network

Sustainable Development: Case Studies & Lessons Learned Prepared For City of Rosemount UMore Development LLC PA 8081 Capstone: Sustainability Planning Humphrey School of Public Affairs University studies that analyze how local and national developments have either successfully implemented sustainable

Netoff, Theoden

429

American Slave Narratives: An Online Anthology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides a glimpse into the richness of African American History. American Slave Narratives, provided by the American Studies Program at the University of Virginia, contains a small sample of WPA (Works Progress Administration) interviews with former slaves conducted between 1936 and 1938. The small selections from twelve interviews are interesting in that the WPA interviewers tried to transcribe the subjects' dialect as they heard it.

1997-01-01

430

Illness narratives: time, hope and HIV  

Microsoft Academic Search

Life threatening illness, such as HIV\\/AIDS, also threaten people's sense of identity and taken-for-granted assumptions about the temporal framing of their lives. In response, people often experience transformations in values, spirituality and life priorities. Drawing on a combined quantitative and qualitative study of people living with HIV\\/AIDS in Australia, three different narratives that people use to make sense of their

Douglas Ezzy

2000-01-01

431

Mississippi-Alabama Continental Shelf ecosystem study data summary and synthesis. Volume 2. Technical narrative. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Biological, physical, chemical, and geological characteristics were studied in a series of five cruises between March 1987 to March 1988 along three north-south transects across the continental shelf of Mississippi and Alabama. Four stations in depths of approximately 50, 100, 150 and 200m were sampled along each of these transects. Side-scan, ROV, and underwater color photographs and video data were collected around topographic features in the study area. Subbottom profiler records indicate that the shelf edge is built upon delta-front forset beds that were truncated by erosion during the last low stand of sea level in the Pleistocene. Topographic features constructed on top of these sediments were generally of three classes: (1) pinnacles; (2) linear ridges; and (3) enigmatic features. Sediments contained a mixture of biological and petroleum hydrocarbons. Biological hydrocarbons were predominantly plant biowaxes with a possible minor planktonic input. Petroleum hydrocarbons were present as polynuclear aromatic compounds (PAH), a complete suite of n-C, and an unresolved complex mixture. Sediment PAH's on the shelf are on average six times lower than PAH's analyzed in sediments in adjacent bays. High hydrocarbon concentrations were generally at the seaward ends of the transects between the 100 and 200 m isobaths with stations closest to the delta containing the highest concentration of hydrocarbons. Sediments varied greatly in iron and trace metal content, but the variations seem to be largely the result of natural variability in grain size and mineralogy. Deep water sediments were more enriched in iron and trace metals than those in shallow water, but all were typical of unpolluted Gulf of Mexico shelf sediment. Satellite data positioned fronts associated with the Loop Current, warm core eddy, warm intrusions reaching into the region from the top of the Loop, warm intrusions from the Loop, and a cold ridge extending southward from the study area.

Brooks, J.M.

1991-10-01

432

VIRTUAL DELPHI: TWO CASE STUDIES  

E-print Network

From the 6th century BCE onwards, the Greek sanctuary at Delphi gained an unparalleled level of importance in Greek religious and political life. Excavations at Delphi were undertaken by the French School in 1892, and today the monuments at the site survive in varying states of preservation. In spring 2007 faculty and undergraduate students at Coastal Carolina University and Arkansas State University embarked on a collaborative project called Ashes2Art which focused on a three-dimensional virtual reconstruction of several features of the sanctuary including the tholos of Athena Pronaia and the loutron, or plunge bath, located to the southeast of the central sanctuary. The digital reconstructions of both buildings raise a number of significant questions about earlier reconstruction efforts and in the case of the loutron, suggests a new theory about the drainage system for the bath. À partir du 6ème siècle BCE le sanctuaire grec à Delphes a gagné un niveau incomparable d'importance dans la vie religieuse et politique grecque. Les excavations à Delphes ont été commencées par l'École française en 1892 et aujourd'hui les monuments survivent dans l’états de préservation différents. En 2007 la faculté et les étudiants à Coastal Carolina University et à Arkansas State University ont entrepris un projet en collaboration appelé Ashes2Art qui s'est concentré sur une reconstruction en trois dimensions de plusieurs bâtiments dans le sanctuaire en incluant le Tholos d'Athéna Pronaia dans le Marmaria et le loutron, trouvé au sud-est du sanctuaire central. Les reconstructions des deux bâtiments proposent un certain nombre de questions importantes à propos de plus premières reconstructions et en cas du loutron, suggère une nouvelle théorie du système d’eau pour le bain. 1.

Arne R. Flaten A; Alyson A. Gill B

433

Narratives of psychiatric malingering in works of fiction.  

PubMed

This paper argues that the representation of psychiatric malingering in literary and cinematographic narratives informs societal stereotypes, and thus influences the clinical phenomenology of malingering. The study aims to identify sociocultural models of malingering in contemporary Western society based on the narrative analysis of about 60 fictional and non-fiction texts. Two behavioural patterns derived from the Foucauldian categories folly and madness are recognisable in naïve conceptualisations of fake insanity. Fabricated significations of deviation originate in grand societal narratives rather than in medical discourse, and construct characters such as animal like underdeveloped simpletons or detached, irrational, violent madmen. Each pattern stems from its own archaic conceptual basis and dictates a distinct framework for strategies of malingering. The semiotic structure of artistic narratives of malingering is discussed in comparison with the symptomatology of existing psychiatric models. PMID:23673796

Kuperman, V

2006-12-01

434

What Can We Learn From Narratives in Medical Education?  

PubMed Central

Medical literature has demonstrated the effectiveness of narrative writing in enhancing self-reflection and empathy, which opens the door for deeper understanding of patients’ experiences of illness. Similarly, it promotes practitioner well-being. Therefore, it is no surprise that narrative writing finds a new home in medical education. The Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education (ACGME), through its Outcome Project, established six core competencies that every residency program must teach. However, no specific pedagogies were suggested. We explored the role that narrative writing can play in reconciling the ACGME core competencies with daily encounters in medical education. Our study suggests a hidden wealth in reflective writing through narratives with a promising potential for application in medical education. Reflective writing may turn out to be an innovative tool for teaching and evaluating ACGME core competencies. PMID:24867554

Johna, Samir; Woodward, Brandon; Patel, Sunal

2014-01-01

435

Learning from Stories: Narrative Interviewing in Cross-cultural Research  

PubMed Central

This paper argues for the importance of eliciting stories when trying to understand the point of view and personal experience of one's informants. It also outlines one approach to eliciting and analyzing narrative data as part of a complex and multi-faceted ethnographic study. The paper draws upon ethnographic research among African-American families who have children with serious illnesses or disabilities. However, it is not a report of research findings per se. Rather, it is primarily a conceptual paper that addresses narrative as a research method. Features that distinguish a story from other sorts of discourse are sketched and current discussions in the occupational therapy and social science literature concerning the importance of narrative are examined. The heart of the paper focuses on a single narrative interview and examines what we learn about the client and family caregiver perspective through stories. PMID:21399739

Mattingly, Cheryl; Lawlor, Mary

2010-01-01

436

Outage management: A case study  

SciTech Connect

Outage management issues identified from a field study conducted at a two-unit commercial pressurized water reactor (PWR), when one unit was in a refueling outage and the other unit was at full power operation, are the focus of this paper. The study was conduced as part of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) organizational factors research program, and therefore the issues to be addressed are from an organizational perspective. Topics discussed refer to areas identified by the NRC as critical for safety during shutdown operations, including outage planning and control, personnel stress, and improvements in training and procedures. Specifically, issues in communication, management attention, involvement and oversight, administrative processes, organizational culture, and human resources relevant to each of the areas are highlighted by example from field data collection. Insights regarding future guidance in these areas are presented based upon additional data collection subsequent to the original study.

Haber, S.B.; Barriere, M.T. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)); Roberts, K.H. (California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States). Walter A. Haas School of Business)

1992-01-01

437

Outage management: A case study  

SciTech Connect

Outage management issues identified from a field study conducted at a two-unit commercial pressurized water reactor (PWR), when one unit was in a refueling outage and the other unit was at full power operation, are the focus of this paper. The study was conduced as part of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s (NRC) organizational factors research program, and therefore the issues to be addressed are from an organizational perspective. Topics discussed refer to areas identified by the NRC as critical for safety during shutdown operations, including outage planning and control, personnel stress, and improvements in training and procedures. Specifically, issues in communication, management attention, involvement and oversight, administrative processes, organizational culture, and human resources relevant to each of the areas are highlighted by example from field data collection. Insights regarding future guidance in these areas are presented based upon additional data collection subsequent to the original study.

Haber, S.B.; Barriere, M.T. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Roberts, K.H. [California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States). Walter A. Haas School of Business

1992-09-01

438

Language experience narratives and the role of autobiographical reasoning in becoming an urban science teacher  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the central challenges globalization and immigration present to education is how to construct school language policies, procedures, and curricula to support academic success of immigrant youth. This case-study compares and contrasts language experience narratives along Elena's developmental trajectory of becoming an urban science teacher. Elena reflects upon her early language experiences and her more recent experiences as a preservice science teacher in elementary dual language classrooms. The findings from Elena's early schooling experiences provide an analysis of the linkages between Elena's developing English proficiency, her Spanish proficiency, and her autobiographical reasoning. Elena's experiences as a preservice teacher in two elementary dual language classrooms indicates ways in which those experiences helped to reframe her views about the intersections between language learning and science learning. I propose the language experience narrative, as a subset of the life story, as a way to understand how preservice teachers reconstruct past language experiences, connect to the present, and anticipate future language practices.

Rivera Maulucci, Maria S.

2011-06-01

439

Labyrinthine sequestrum: four case studies.  

PubMed

Labyrinthine sequestrum, a rare form of labyrinthitis, is highly distinct from the more commonly encountered labyrinthitis ossificans based on its unique clinical, radiologic, and histologic characteristics. The study included 4 such patients who had undergone clinical and laboratory investigations, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) assessments followed by surgical procedures and pathological evaluation. Their major symptoms were otorrhea, otalgia, tinnitus, and profound hearing loss. Imaging studies showed an osteolytic soft mass with calcified debris in the inner ear, and the bony labyrinth was eroded partly or completely by granulation mass, with loss of bony morphology. Further pathological examination was coincident with inflammatory granulation tissue with some calcification or osseous tissue. The disease process is attributed to chronic osteomyelitis due to the presence of osteonecrosis. Prompt CT and MRI examinations and optimal therapeutic management facilitate definitive diagnosis and protect against fatal complications. PMID:22467283

Lao, Zheng; Sha, Yan; Chen, Bing; Dai, Chun-Fu; Huang, Wen-Hu; Cheng, Yu-Shu

2012-09-01

440

Pragmatic constraints on narrative processing: Actants and anaphora resolution in a corpus of North Carolina ghost stories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent work on narrative has begun to rethink the functions of characters in stories. Research on life stories, for example, has shown that characters are not simply preexisting contents packaged in certain kinds of clauses, but rather complex, emergent products of the interplay between narrative design and narrative processing. Such wide-focus studies need to be complemented by finer-grained, microstructural investigations

David Herman

2000-01-01

441

Learning From Case Studies: A Case Study of Lean Transformation at Rockwell Collins  

E-print Network

Case studies are one of LAI's methods for engaging with sponsors in conducting research. Case studies involve interacting with people in examining, describing, analyzing, and documenting significant events, their ...

Roth, George

2009-01-21

442

Narrative analysis of the factors influencing career decision making among African American women.  

E-print Network

??This qualitative study, grounded in the methodological traditions associated with Black Feminist Theory and Career Constructivist Theory, incorporates the use of storytelling and narratives to… (more)

David, Stephanie Andree

2012-01-01

443

The Narrated, Nonnarrated, and the Disnarrated  

PubMed Central

While analyzing the narratives of children receiving pediatric oncology treatment and their parents, we encountered three ways to look at their narratives: what was narrated, nonnarrated, and disnarrated. The narrated refers to the actors (characters) and events (scenes) individuals decided to include in the narration of their experiences, the nonnarrated are everything not included in narration, and the disnarrated are elements that are narrated in the story but did not actually take place. We use our reflection to illustrate how an integrative analysis of these different forms of narration can allow us to produce a holistic interpretation of people’s experiences of illness. This approach is still in the early stages of development, but we hope this article can promote a debate in the field and lead to the refinement of an important tool for narrative analysis. PMID:25192757

Johnson, Ginger A.

2014-01-01

444

Thiamin Deficiency: A Directed Case Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This case study will stimulate students' interest in biochemistry by examining dietary preferences and practices and how they relate to vitamin deficiencies. The lesson demonstrates how biochemistry links metabolism and health. The material would be appropriate for lower level undergraduate students, particularly when studying biochemistry or nutrition. The case study and teaching notes may be downloaded in PDF format. The site also includes a section for instructor feedback where general comments may be read and contributed.

Dhar, Preeti

2011-01-07

445

Defining Location in the Mental Health System: A Case Study of a Consumer-Run Agency  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this ethnographic study of a mental health service agency staffed by “consumers,” or fellow “recipients” of services for\\u000a serious mental illness, the concept of community narrative provides the framework for examining how such an agency preserves\\u000a its consumer identity while providing services dictated by the established service system. Locating the agency's narrative\\u000a in its “origins tale,” analysis revealed five

Barbara J. Felton

2005-01-01

446

Case Studies in Elementary and Secondary Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Practical and engaging, this book contains 21 case studies that help students apply curriculum theory to classroom reality. Each case is authored by an in-service teacher, reflecting on ways to improve instruction by making changes to various aspects of the curriculum. These real-life examples investigate up-to-date curricular issues ranging from…

Boboc, Marius; Nordgren, R. D.

2010-01-01

447

Does Independence Matter? Case Studies from Colombia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study consists of two parts: I. ) Does Independence Matter? The Case of the Colombian Central Bank, andII. ) Does Independence Improve Performance? The Colombian Superintendency of Banks. Why has Colombia been a case of low output variability and moderate-to-high inflation? This paper argues that regardless of the institutional arrangement, monetary authorities have stabilized the business cycle, and inflation

Mauricio Cardenas; Zeinab Partow

1998-01-01

448

Enhancing family resilience through family narrative co-construction.  

PubMed

We draw upon family resilience and narrative theory to describe an evidence-based method for intervening with military families who are impacted by multiple wartime deployments and psychological, stress-related, or physical parental injuries. Conceptual models of familial resilience provide a guide for understanding the mechanics of how families respond and recover from exposure to extreme events, and underscore the role of specific family processes and interaction patterns in promoting resilient capabilities. Leading family theorists propose that the family's ability to make meaning of stressful and traumatic events and nurture protective beliefs are critical aspects of resilient adaptation. We first review general theoretical and empirical research contributions to understanding family resilience, giving special attention to the circumstances, challenges, needs, and strengths of American military families. Therapeutic narrative studies illustrate the processes through which family members acquire meaning-making capacities, and point to the essential role of parents' in facilitating discussions of stressful experiences and co-constructing coherent and meaningful narratives. This helps children to make sense of these experiences and develop capacities for emotion regulation and coping. Family-based narrative approaches provide a structured opportunity to elicit parents' and children's individual narratives, assemble divergent storylines into a shared family narrative, and thereby enhance members' capacity to make meaning of stressful experiences and adopt beliefs that support adaptation and growth. We discuss how family narratives can help to bridge intra-familial estrangements and re-engage communication and support processes that have been undermined by stress, trauma, or loss. We conclude by describing a family-based narrative intervention currently in use with thousands of military children and families across the USA. PMID:23797387

Saltzman, William R; Pynoos, Robert S; Lester, Patricia; Layne, Christopher M; Beardslee, William R

2013-09-01

449

When all children comprehend: increasing the external validity of narrative comprehension development research.  

PubMed

Narratives, also called stories, can be found in conversations, children's play interactions, reading material, and television programs. From infancy to adulthood, narrative comprehension processes interpret events and inform our understanding of physical and social environments. These processes have been extensively studied to ascertain the multifaceted nature of narrative comprehension. From this research we know that three overlapping processes (i.e., knowledge integration, goal structure understanding, and causal inference generation) proposed by the constructionist paradigm are necessary for narrative comprehension, narrative comprehension has a predictive relationship with children's later reading performance, and comprehension processes are generalizable to other contexts. Much of the previous research has emphasized internal and predictive validity; thus, limiting the generalizability of previous findings. We are concerned these limitations may be excluding underrepresented populations from benefits and implications identified by early comprehension processes research. This review identifies gaps in extant literature regarding external validity and argues for increased emphasis on externally valid research. We highlight limited research on narrative comprehension processes in children from low-income and minority populations, and argue for changes in comprehension assessments. Specifically, we argue both on- and off-line assessments should be used across various narrative types (e.g., picture books, televised narratives) with traditionally underserved and underrepresented populations. We propose increasing the generalizability of narrative comprehension processes research can inform persistent reading achievement gaps, and have practical implications for how children learn from narratives. PMID:24659973

Burris, Silas E; Brown, Danielle D

2014-01-01

450

Enterprise Risk Management Solutions: A Case Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In recent years, financial risk management has received increasing attention from managers in both private and public enterprises, regulatory agencies, and elected officials. The purpose of this research is to prepare a case study of a firm that seeks to ...

D. C. Hays

2008-01-01

451

A case study of Vioxx using STAMP  

E-print Network

The goal of this thesis is to investigate and demonstrate the application of a systems approach to drug safety. The recall of the prescription drug Vioxx (Rofecoxib) was used as a test case to study whether STAMP (Systems ...

Couturier, Matthieu (Matthieu Jean)

2010-01-01

452

Case Study Orientation for New Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes Oldfields School's systematic orientation program for beginning teachers. They meet as a group and discuss case studies, which give substance to the regulations and policies listed in the school handbooks. (SJL)

Richardson, James M.

1979-01-01

453

Reverse Logistics: A Review of Case Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Reverse logistics deals with the processes associated with the flows of products, components and materials from users\\/owners\\u000a to re-users. This paper provides a review and content analysis of more than sixty case studies on reverse logistics. The case\\u000a studies deal with issues such as the structure of the networks, the relationships between the different parties involved on\\u000a the networks, inventory

Marisa P. de Brito; Rommert Dekker; Simme Douwe P. Flapper

2003-01-01

454

Using Case Studies to Teach Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Storytelling as a formal educational device arguably entered the didactic scene about 100 years ago with case study teaching at Harvard (Herreid 1994). There in the law and business schools, instructors and students analyzed realistic stories as exemplars of good and bad practice. Today, however, storytelling does not have to be limited to the traditional discussion formula advocated in these schools. This chapter describes various types of case study methods, reviews their virtues and weaknesses, and discusses the impact of case-based instruction in science education.

Herreid, Clyde F.

2006-01-01

455

Reporting bias in medical research - a narrative review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reporting bias represents a major problem in the assessment of health care interventions. Several prominent cases have been described in the literature, for example, in the reporting of trials of antidepressants, Class I anti-arrhythmic drugs, and selective COX-2 inhibitors. The aim of this narrative review is to gain an overview of reporting bias in the medical literature, focussing on publication

Natalie McGauran; Beate Wieseler; Julia Kreis; Yvonne-Beatrice Schüler; Heike Kölsch; Thomas Kaiser

2010-01-01

456

Questions Arising from the Assessment of EFL Narrative Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article questions how narrative writing is assessed, seeking to understand what we test, what we value, and why. It uses a single anomalous case that arose in the course of my recent PhD thesis to highlight the issues, asking if sufficient attention is being given to the value of emotional content in a piece of writing in comparison to its…

Yi, Yong

2013-01-01

457

Predicting Students Drop Out: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The monitoring and support of university freshmen is considered very important at many educational institutions. In this paper we describe the results of the educational data mining case study aimed at predicting the Electrical Engineering (EE) students drop out after the first semester of their studies or even before they enter the study program…

Dekker, Gerben W.; Pechenizkiy, Mykola; Vleeshouwers, Jan M.

2009-01-01

458

Comparing Narrative and Expository Text Construction Across Adolescence: A Developmental Paradox  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study we argue that narrative storytelling and expository discussion, as 2 distinct discourse genres, differ both in linguistic expression and in their underlying principles of organization—schema-based in narratives and category-based in exposition. Innovative analyses applied to 160 personal-experience narratives and expository essays written by schoolchildren, adolescents, and adults on the shared topic of interpersonal conflict point to certain

Ruth A. Berman; Bracha Nir-sagiv

2007-01-01

459

Cultural vulnerability and professional narratives.  

PubMed

In this article the author draws upon research with palliative care professionals in the United Kingdom to discuss the value of a stance of cultural vulnerability in intercultural care. Cultural vulnerability recognizes the reality, but also the ethical value of uncertainty and not-knowing in care. Attentiveness to professional narratives is advocated as vital in the development of greater understanding of cultural vulnerability and its effects. The role of cultural identifications and the politics of racism in social work narratives is given specific attention. PMID:22150178

Gunaratnam, Yasmin

2011-01-01

460

Learning narrative structure from annotated folktales  

E-print Network

Narrative structure is an ubiquitous and intriguing phenomenon. By virtue of structure we recognize the presence of Villainy or Revenge in a story, even if that word is not actually present in the text. Narrative structure ...

Finlayson, Mark (Mark Alan), 1977-

2012-01-01

461

Clover: Narratives and Simulations in Virtual Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A newly developed software application (Clover) is presented for constructing animated narrative vignette. The results have indicated that Clover is a viable tool for providing the process of self discovery, cognitions and identity by using animated narrative vignette simulations.

Tettegah, Sharon; Bailey, Brian P.; Taylor, Kona

2007-01-01

462

Different Schools as Narrative Communities: Identity Narratives in Threefold  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last decade identity is often and very fruitfully conceptualized as "narrative identity." Neither for individuals nor for groups is identity a given beforehand anymore. On the contrary, identity has to be constructed in an inductive way continuously. Three qualitative research methods are applied to explore in an inductive way the school's…

ter Avest, Ina; Bakker, Cok; Miedema, Siebren

2008-01-01

463

Narratives: A visualization to track narrative events as they develop  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analyzing unstructured text streams can be challenging. One popular approach is to isolate specific themes in the text, and to visualize the connections between them. Some existing systems, like ThemeRiver, provide a temporal view of changes in themes; other systems, like In-Spire, use clustering techniques to help an analyst identify the themes at a single point in time. Narratives combines

Danyel Fisher; Aaron Hoff; George G. Robertson; Matthew Hurst

2008-01-01

464

[Central neurocytoma: a study of five cases].  

PubMed

Central neurocytoma is a very rare brain tumour recently described. The diagnosis rests on the data provided by anatomopathological examination and immunohistochemestry. We report a retrospective study of five cases of neurocytoma diagnosed in the Pathological laboratories of Anatomy and Cytology of Habib Bourguiba and Fattouma Bourguiba Hospitals over a period of two years (1999/2000); this study was based on clinical, radiological and anatomopathological data. It was about three women and two men with an average age of 29 years (17 to 49 years) The tumor was located in the side ventricles in three cases. Two differential diagnoses were often discussed: oligodendroglioma and ependymoma. Immunohistochemistry showed an expression of the synaptophysine in every case. The treatment was exclusively surgical and the course was favourable with an average follow up of 48 months; only one case of relapse was noted of 36 months after the diagnosis. PMID:16238277

Lobna, Ayadi; Abdelmajid, Khabir; Najib, Ben Yahia; Saloua, Makni; Ahmed, Sellami; Abdelfattah, Zakhama; Ben Mansour, H; Rachid, Jlidi; Tahya, Boudawara

2005-08-01

465

Pathology Case Study: Lethargy and Coma  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center has compiled a wide range of pathology case studies to aid students and instructors in the medical/health science field. This specific case documents the health conditions of a male baby born prematurely (28 weeks gestational age). The patientâÂÂs history, gross and microscopic descriptions, ultrasound images, and final diagnosis are provided in this case for your review. Students will find this resource especially helpful, as it provides experience with patient history, lab results, and diagnostics.

Heyner, Robert; Sobel, Raymond A.

2007-10-12

466

African-American Women and Doctoral Study: Three Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Case studies are presented of three African-American women who earned doctoral degrees in physical education and sport disciplines between 1971 and 1990. Personal interviews were conducted with the informants on issues related to the campus environment as well as financial and academic factors. The case studies are analyzed in terms of the women's…

King, Susan E.

467

Mutinous Fiction: Narrative and Illustrative Metalepsis in Three Postmodern Picturebooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Narrative embedding is a common narrative structural device. Genette (1980, 1988) distinguished among various diegetic levels to explain the discrete narrative levels in embedded narratives and he defined metalepsis as the deliberate disturbing or breaking of narrative boundaries. Metalepsis, described by Malina (2002) as a mutinous narrative

Pantaleo, Sylvia

2010-01-01

468

Social Change Movements and the Struggle Over Meaning-Making: A Case Study of Domestic Violence Narratives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social movement theorists have emphasized the important role of meaning-making for social change movements (e.g., D. A. Snow\\u000a and R. D. Benford, 1992, In: A. D. Morris & C. M. Mueller (Eds.) Frontiers in social movement theory. Yale University Press, New Haven, CT, pp 133–155; C. M. Mueller, 1992, In: A. D. Morris & C. M. Mueller (Eds.) Frontiers in

Amy Lehrner; Nicole E. Allen

2008-01-01

469

Introduction: personality psychology and the case study.  

PubMed

This article introduces the Journal of Personality's special issue on the life voyage of Dodge Morgan who, in 1986 at the age of 54, sailed solo around the world in 150 days. Before the voyage, Morgan agreed to participate in an intensive psychological case study, the data for which provide the focus for this special issue. William Nasby and Nancy W. Read have organized the vast array of psychological data obtained from Morgan and produced a complex and illuminating interpretation of his life, drawing liberally from the five-factor trait model of personality and the life-story model of adult identity. This introduction provides a historical and intellectual context for Nasby and Read's study by considering the various ways in which personality psychologists have employed the case study in research and examining the many conceptual and methodological problems and possibilities that arise in the psychological study of the single case. PMID:9483817

McAdams, D P; West, S G

1997-12-01

470

ACADEMIC GENEALOGIES WITH RESPECT TO NARRATIVE IN HUMAN AND SOCIAL SCIENCES AND THEIR IMPLICATION FOR PUBLIC POLICIES  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In human and society science, narrative is regarded as an important issue to understand dynamic actions of human being and society. Therefore, narrative is also expected to be important for public policies that try to improve dynamic actions of human being and society. In th is study, we review academic genealogies with respect to narratives including western philosophy, hermeneutics, historical science, historical philosophy, literary criticism, clinical psychology and sociology, narrative psychology and folklore. Then we discuss how narrative can be pragmatically applied for public policies.

Fujii, Satoshi; Hasegawa, Taiki; Nakano, Takeshi; Hatori, Tsuyoshi

471

Increasing Mental Health Literacy via Narrative Advertising  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research explored the effectiveness of narrative advertising and argument advertising in increasing mental illness (depression) literacy. Results showed that narrative advertising was more effective than argument advertising at engaging participants in experiential immersion, resulting in greater sympathy toward those suffering from depression. In addition, narrative advertising better involved participants in issue elaboration and increased willingness to seek professional help.

Chingching Chang

2008-01-01

472

Conceptualizing Mathematics Using Narratives and Art  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Narratives are a wonderful way to allow students to personalize mathematics. In the context of this article, the authors define narratives as short stories, written by students, that contain a mathematical work problem centered on students' lives and interests. These narratives can be supported with art, such as drawings or photographs. When…

Kurz , Terri L.; Bartholomew, Barbara

2013-01-01

473

Narrative event adaptation in virtual environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a tension between user and author control of narratives in multimedia systems and virtual environments. Reducing the interactivity gives the author more control over when and how users experience key events in a narrative, but may lead to less immersion and engagement. Allowing the user to freely explore the virtual space introduces the risk that important narrative events

Karl E. Steiner; Jay Tomkins

2004-01-01

474

Transparency, Opacity, and Openness in Narrative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the new interest in legal narrative is an important and positive development, the contemporary approach that rejects as immaterial any reality beyond the narrative itself is misguided for constitutional interpretation. Debatable questions of constitutional interpretation should not be resolved by constructing pseudohistorical narratives

Powell, H. Jefferson

1990-01-01

475

A Multiple Case Study of Innovation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to explore how leadership and contextual factors influence innovation in R&D teams in national laboratories, using the approach of multiple case studies. This paper provides some preliminary findings from two highly innovative teams residing in two national laboratories in the US. The preliminary results suggested several common…

Zheng, Wei; Khoury, Anne E.

2008-01-01

476

Parent and Community Involvement: A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation is a description of a case study of parent and community involvement and the impact of that involvement on education. The study is based upon the observations, interviews, and reflections of the writer in one elementary school as a plan was implemented to increase parent and community involvement in that school. The primary methods of data collection were

Cynthia Crites

2008-01-01

477

Case Study: Interventions for an ADHD Student  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study was done in partial fulfillment of a Master of Science in Education (M.S.Ed.) Graduate Course the participant-observer was completing. The participant-observer learned a lot about Dmitrov, the child in this study. Dmitrov was a 2nd-grade student who was diagnosed (late in the school year) with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity…

Hartlep, Nicholas Daniel

2009-01-01

478

CASE STUDY: DIELDRIN ATTACK IN DALYAN LAGOON  

EPA Science Inventory

During the first two weeks of December 2005, NATO sponsored an Advanced Study Institute (ASI) in Istanbul, Turkey. Part of this ASI involved a case study of a terrorist attack, where a chemical was assumed to be dumped into Sulunger Lake in Turkey. This chapter documents the re...

479

Case Study/ Ground Water Sustainability: Methodology and  

E-print Network

Case Study/ Ground Water Sustainability: Methodology and Application to the North China Plain of a ground water flow system in the North China Plain (NCP) subject to severe overexploitation and rapid, were evaluated for their potential impacts on the ground water resources in the study area. Although

Zheng, Chunmiao

480

Prader-Willi Disease: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case study focuses on the characteristics and physical management of a 15-year-old with Prader-Willi Syndrome, a birth defect associated with hypotonia, insatiable appetite, hypogonadism, central nervous system dysfunction, and abnormal growth and development . A literature review addresses studies dealing with behavior modification of obesity…

Forbus, William R., III

481

The Charter School Collapse: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many Canadian provinces are looking to Alberta for guidance about charter schools. This case study examines the closure of one charter school to identify the obstacles other schools may face. This study uses critical policy analysis and the "politics of interpretation" to examine the political context of educational policy issues. While linear…

Gereluk, Dianne

482

Narrative means to preventative ends: a narrative engagement framework for designing prevention interventions.  

PubMed

This article describes a Narrative Engagement Framework (NEF) for guiding communication-based prevention efforts. This framework suggests that personal narratives have distinctive capabilities in prevention. The article discusses the concept of narrative, links narrative to prevention, and discusses the central role of youth in developing narrative interventions. As illustration, the authors describe how the NEF is applied in the keepin' it REAL adolescent drug prevention curriculum, pose theoretical directions, and offer suggestions for future work in prevention communication. PMID:23980613

Miller-Day, Michelle; Hecht, Michael L

2013-01-01

483

Narrative Means to Preventative Ends: A Narrative Engagement Framework for Designing Prevention Interventions  

PubMed Central

This paper describes a Narrative Engagement Framework (NEF) for guiding communication-based prevention efforts. This framework suggests that personal narratives have distinctive capabilities in prevention. The paper discusses the concept of narrative, links narrative to prevention, and discusses the central role of youth in developing narrative interventions. As illustration, the authors describe how the NEF is applied in the keepin’ it REAL adolescent drug prevention curriculum, pose theoretical directions, and offer suggestions for future work in prevention communication. PMID:23980613

Miller-Day, Michelle; Hecht, Michael L.

2013-01-01

484

Images, Words, and Narrative Epistemology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews work suggesting that imagery and language function in tandem to constitute a sense of being, and that metaphors of sight hold as much formative power as metaphors of word. Describes the limitations of language and the ways in which imagery compensates for that limitation. Discusses narrative of epistemology as a fusion of image and…

Fleckenstein, Kristie S.

1996-01-01

485

Narrative as a Teaching Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research shows that those who are incarcerated, as a whole, have come from difficult past environments. This leads to having a different way of learning than most others who have had successful educational experiences. Because of this, my research project focused on exploring storytelling/narrative, as a teaching strategy, and how it influences…

Butcher, Susan E.

2006-01-01

486

Strange Voices in Narrative Fiction  

E-print Network

in the chapter on "Mood", or voice 1 Milner 1995: 17-18. (Translation by Susan Nicholls). 2 See Kuroda 1979b: 205Strange Voices in Narrative Fiction Edited by Per Krogh Hansen Stefan Iversen Henrik Skov Nielsen on the Notion of Voice [E]very concept should be understood as a stenogram for the questions it makes accessible

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

487

The Life Narrative at Midlife  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a remarkably prescient chapter, Bertram Cohler (1982) reimagined the problems and the potentialities of psychological development across the life course as a distinctively human challenge in life narration. This chapter situates Cohler's original vision within the intellectual and scientific matrix of the late 1970s, wherein psychologists…

McAdams, Dan P.

2014-01-01

488

The life narrative at midlife.  

PubMed

In a remarkably prescient chapter, Bertram Cohler (1982) reimagined the problems and the potentialities of psychological development across the life course as a distinctively human challenge in life narration. This chapter situates Cohler's original vision within the intellectual and scientific matrix of the late 1970s, wherein psychologists expressed grave doubts about the extent to which human lives may demonstrate consistency and coherence. By focusing attention on human beings as autobiographical authors rather than as mere social actors or motivated agents, Cohler moved the conversation away from dispositional personality traits and developmental stages and toward the emerging concept of narrative identity. Over the past 30 years, research on narrative identity has shown how people use stories to integrate the reconstructed past and imagined future, providing their lives with some semblance of unity, purpose, and meaning. At midlife, many adults struggle to solve the problem of generativity, aiming to leave a positive legacy for the next generation. Inspired by Cohler's original chapter, contemporary research reveals that the most generative adults in American society tend to construe their lives as narratives of personal redemption. As such, life stories may serve as valuable psychological resources for midlife adults, even as they reflect and refract prevailing cultural themes. PMID:25251510

McAdams, Dan P

2014-09-01

489

Archiving digital narrative: Some issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

The complexities of archiving digital content, particularly those story forms reliant on multiple platforms, highlights technical, cultural and curatorial issues that remain difficult to reconcile coherently. Seeking to frame the issues within this special Debates section, this essay outlines issues facing the field of digital storytelling; examining narrative form, instantiation and subsequent archival.

Tom Abba

2012-01-01

490

High Risk Narratives: Textual Adventures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper explores how individual chosen risk is rendered in texts using 5 recent popular best selling books. They describe high adventure in distant, exotic locales—jungles, storms, mountains, and at sea. Dramaturgical analysis, based on Kenneth Burke's pentad of actor, acts, scene, agency and purpose, reveals how differential attention to and focus upon some aspects of the narrative selected actors

Peter K. Manning

1999-01-01

491

Once Ever: A Narrative Short  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis book describes the development and production of Once Ever, a short narrative film. The writing, pre-production, shooting, and editing of the film is reviewed. Script drafts and a final budget are included in the appendices. Once Ever concerns a young Chinese immigrant couple who deal with the changes in their new life in the United States. When the

Yu Chen

2005-01-01

492

Achieving Journalistic Authority through Narrative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines how journalists use three narrative strategies (synecdoche, omission, and personalization) to assert their authority in their retellings of the John F. Kennedy assassination. Finds that, by giving themselves a central position within the story, journalists make the assassination story as much about American journalists as about Kennedy's…

Zelizer, Barbie

1990-01-01

493

Shuttle Case Study Collection Website Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As a continuation from summer 2012, the Shuttle Case Study Collection has been developed using lessons learned documented by NASA engineers, analysts, and contractors. Decades of information related to processing and launching the Space Shuttle is gathered into a single database to provide educators with an alternative means to teach real-world engineering processes. The goal is to provide additional engineering materials that enhance critical thinking, decision making, and problem solving skills. During this second phase of the project, the Shuttle Case Study Collection website was developed. Extensive HTML coding to link downloadable documents, videos, and images was required, as was training to learn NASA's Content Management System (CMS) for website design. As the final stage of the collection development, the website is designed to allow for distribution of information to the public as well as for case study report submissions from other educators online.

Ransom, Khadijah S.; Johnson, Grace K.

2012-01-01

494

Pathology Case Study: Sore Throat and Leukocytosis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center has compiled a wide range of pathology case studies to aid students and instructors in the medical/health science field. A 68 year old female with a sore throat is the focus of this particular case. The patient's history reveals an increased white blood cell count, anemia and thrombocytopenia. A list of the her current medication, as well as the microscopic description, cell images, and flow cytometry are also included in the case file. This is an excellent resource for providing students experience with patient history, lab results and diagnostics. Students are encouraged to examine each aspect of the case and test their diagnostic skills against the official findings in the "Final Diagnosis" section.

Holst, Valerie; Penchansky, Lila; Richert, Charles A.

2007-09-05

495

Understanding the Glue of Narrative Structure: Children's On- and Off-Line Inferences about Characters' Goals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because characters' goals play a key role in the structure of narratives, the ability to make inferences about goals is essential to narrative comprehension. Despite their importance, no previous studies have examined the process by which children make these goal inferences. In the current study, we examined 6- and 8-year-old children's goal…

Lynch, Julie S.; van den Broek, Paul

2007-01-01

496

The Effects of Planning on Fluency, Complexity, and Accuracy in Second Language Narrative Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on previous studies of the effects of planning on second language (L2) learners' oral narratives and drawing on Kellog's (1996) model of writing, this article reports a study of the effects of three types of planning conditions (pretask planning, unpressured on-line planning, and no planning) on 42 Chinese learners' written narratives

Ellis, Rod; Yuan, Fangyuan

2004-01-01

497

Having, loving, and being: children's narrated well-being in Finnish day care centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to answer the following question: what do children tell about their well-being in Finnish day care centres? The theoretical and methodological framework of this study is based on a narrative approach. The research material was collected by participating in the everyday life of three groups of children and listening to their narratives. The research

Anna-Maija Puroila; Eila Estola; Leena Syrjälä

2012-01-01

498

Chinese Teachers' Evaluation Criteria as Reflected in Narrative Student Evaluations: Implications for Psychological Services in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To increase school psychologists' understanding of school contextual culture in China, this study used a qualitative research method to investigate 30 Chinese elementary school teachers' evaluation criteria as reflected in narrative student evaluations. In the study, 450 narrative student evaluations were coded and analysed. Overall, results…

Ni, Hong; Jones, Constance; Bruning, Roger

2013-01-01

499

DESIGN FOR COLLABORATIVE LEARNING AND CREATION OF PARTICIPATORY MEDIA THROUGH VISUAL NARRATIVE CONSTRUCTION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The doctoral thesis deals with design for collaborative learning and creation of participatory media through visual narrative construction. I base my thinking on CSCL (Computer Supported Collaborative Learning), social constructivism, communication studies in relation to audience participation and identity construction, narrative psychology and visual communication. My study attempts to encourage active people's involvement in questioning and creation of participatory media

Giedre Kligyte

500

Analysis of Narrative Texts in Secondary School Textbooks in Terms of Values Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Texts have a crucial place in language education and probably they are the most important means of education. Students at the primary and secondary education ages mostly read narrative texts like short stories, poems and fictional books. This study attempts to assess value transfer in narrative texts at the secondary education textbooks. Our study

Sallabas, Muhammed Eyyup

2013-01-01