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1

Assessing Learning Achievements and Development Impact: Ghana's National Functional Literacy Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper summarises findings and lessons from a recently conducted evaluation of an adult functional literacy program in Ghana. The study attempted to assess learners' literacy and numeracy skills, and ascertain participants' knowledge and skills in various development aspects as well as their impact. The literacy and numeracy skills assessment

Aoki, Aya

2005-01-01

2

National Assessment of Adult Literacy 2002 Home Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Center for Education Statistics has posted a new Webpage devoted to the National Assessment of Adult Literacy 2002 program which will assess the current status of the English-language literacy skills of adults in the United States. The site presently offers a description of the purposes and goals of the program; posted and forthcoming working papers on adult literacy assessment; and previews of the published reports the program will produce over the next three years, including data on national, state, and international comparisons of literacy, results by major population subgroups, and relationships between background variables and literacy attainment. The site also provides links to related literacy sites and, most helpfully for those doing research in literacy issues, a link to the full text of the 1992 National Assessment of Adult Literacy, which includes an overview of all of the program's adult literacy statistics and conclusions about long-term and short-term literacy trends.

Statistics., National C.

3

National Quality Standards for Volunteer Literacy Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document lists the national quality standards for volunteer literacy programs that were developed by Laubach Literacy Action in a 2-year project that began in 1994 and involved the following activities: extensive review of existing literacy quality standards and guidelines; analysis of previous national efforts to identify the elements…

Laubach Literacy International, Syracuse, NY.

4

Literacy Program. National Issues Forums Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the spring of 1988, 33 representatives from 20 institutions or organizations sponsoring National Issues Forum (NIF) literacy programs attended a national conference in Washington, D.C. Throughout the conference, representatives from the organizations sponsoring NIF literacy programs made statements on the importance of NIF as a tool for…

National Issues Forums, Dayton, OH.

5

College of Lake County National Workplace Literacy Program. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The College of Lake County's 3-year National Workplace Literacy Program (1994-1997) contributed to economic development by meeting companies' changing educational and production needs as they fluctuated and met new challenges for global marketing and improvement. It assessed 883 employees at 8 business sites with customized assessment tools and…

Gee, Mary Kay

6

The 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL): Performance of African Americans in a National Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL): Performance of African Americans in a National Context Sponsored by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) the 2003 NAAL was America's most comprehensive assessment of adult literacy since the 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey (NALS). NAAL was a nationally representative…

Ngwudike, Benjamin C.

2008-01-01

7

Student Assessment in Michigan's Adult Volunteer Literacy Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Michigan Literacy conducted a project to collect, review, summarize, and compile a reference document of all student assessment tools currently being used by adult volunteer literacy programs in Michigan. Data were gathered through a survey questionnaire that was sent to 134 volunteer literacy programs (with 82 responses). Respondents reported…

Michigan Literacy, Inc., Lansing.

8

National Literacy Grants Program, 1992-1993. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet presents summaries of the 35 projects funded by the National Institute for Literacy in 1992. Each summary provides the project's purpose, findings, products, and contact person with address and telephone number. These projects are included: Adult Literacy in the United States; Cognitive Skills-Based Instruction and Assessment; Hmong…

National Inst. for Literacy, Washington, DC.

9

National Assessment Program--Science Literacy Year 6 Technical Report, 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In July 2001, the Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (MCEETYA) agreed to the development of assessment instruments and key performance measures for reporting on student skills, knowledge and understandings in primary science. It directed the newly established Performance Measurement and Reporting Taskforce…

Wu, Margaret; Donovan, Jenny; Hutton, Penny; Lennon, Melissa

2008-01-01

10

National Assessment of Adult Literacy: Indirect County and State Estimates of the Percentage of Adults at the Lowest Literacy Level for 1992 and 2003.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 2003 the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) conducted the National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL) to measure the nations English literacy skills, following up on the National Adult Literacy Survey (NALS), conducted in 1992. The 2003 N...

B. Liu, G. Kalton, L. Li L. Mohadjer, T. Krenzke, W. Van de Kerckhove

2009-01-01

11

A health literacy assessment of the National Epilepsy Foundation Web site  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health literacy is defined as the degree to which individuals can obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions. Based on the 2003 US National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL), more than 90 million people have literacy levels rated as “basic” or “below basic.” The Institute of Medicine recommends that health-related information be

John O. Elliott; Christine Charyton; Lucretia Long

2007-01-01

12

Kodak Skills Enhancement Program. U.S. Department of Education National Workplace Literacy Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Kodak Skills Enhancement program was a workplace literacy project funded through the U.S. Department of Education's National Workplace Literacy Program. The project goals were as follows: (1) establish a positive climate within the Kodak corporate environment to ensure program effectiveness by garnering support at all levels; (2) determine the…

Beaudin, Bart P.

13

A health literacy assessment of the National Epilepsy Foundation Web site.  

PubMed

Health literacy is defined as the degree to which individuals can obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions. Based on the 2003 US National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL), more than 90 million people have literacy levels rated as "basic" or "below basic." The Institute of Medicine recommends that health-related information be written at a sixth grade level or below. As Web-based health information is being accessed by more than 50 million people, a reading level assessment of the National Epilepsy Foundation of America Web site was undertaken. Two online programs were used to assess the reading level of each Web page in two main areas, "Understanding Epilepsy" and "Living with Epilepsy," using established readability formulas. One hundred seventy-six Web links were evaluated in English and 43 in Spanish. Based on the Flesch Reading Ease and Huerta Reading Ease assessments, 5.7% of National Epilepsy Foundation Web pages in English and 31-46% in Spanish had a sixth grade or lower reading level. Similar results have been reported in previous reviews of other health education Web sites in cancer, pediatrics, and asthma. The National Epilepsy Foundation Web site, a well-respected resource for patients and their families, contains a significant amount of health education content that is not appropriate for those with marginal health literacy. Editorial changes are needed to bring the information to suggested levels. Suggestions for developing appropriate materials are provided. PMID:17923440

Elliott, John O; Charyton, Christine; Long, Lucretia

2007-12-01

14

Basic Reading Skills and the Literacy of America's Least Literate Adults: Results from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL) Supplemental Studies. NCES 2009-481  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL) assessed the English literacy of adults in the United States for the first time since the 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey. The assessment was administered to more than 19,000 adults (ages 16 and older) in households and prisons. The tasks included on the assessment were designed to measure…

Baer, Justin; Kutner, Mark; Sabatini, John; White, Sheida

2009-01-01

15

National Assessment of Adult Literacy, 2003: Public-Use Data File User's Guide. NCES 2007-464  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The U.S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics has updated the household and prison public-use data files for the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy and the 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey. The accompanying 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy Public-Use Data File User's Guide explains how the data…

Greenberg, Elizabeth; Jin, Ying; White, Sheida

2007-01-01

16

National Museum of American History's OurStory Program: History, Literature, and Civic Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1998, the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center launched OurStory: History through Children's Literature, a history and literacy program series for family visitors to the Museum that was designed to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together. Ten years later, to reach a broader, national

Coquillon, Naomi; Wei, Jenny

2011-01-01

17

The Demographic Assessment for Health Literacy (DAHL): A New Tool for Estimating Associations between Health Literacy and Outcomes in National Surveys  

PubMed Central

Objective To impute limited health literacy from commonly measured socio-demographic data and to compare it to the Short-Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (S-TOFHLA) for estimating the influence of limited health literacy on health status in the elderly. Methods The Prudential Medicare Study assesses the S-TOFHLA score, leading to a “reference standard” classification of 25% of people with inadequate literacy; the National Health Interview Survey has no such assessment. We estimated a regression of S-TOFHLA on sex, age, years of schooling, and race/ethnicity in The Prudential Medicare Study data to derive a Demographic Assessment for Health Literacy (DAHL) score, and imputed inadequate literacy to the 25% with the lowest DAHL scores. Using regression, we then examined associations between several health status measures (including hypertension, diabetes, physical and mental SF-12) and inadequate literacy (imputed or test-based). Results Estimates of association using imputed inadequate literacy closely approximate those obtained using S-TOFHLA-based inadequate literacy for most outcomes examined. Conclusions As few population surveys measure health literacy, the DAHL, a readily calculated health literacy proxy score, may be useful for expanding the scope of health literacy research in national survey data.

Ash, Arlene S.; Gazmararian, Julie A.; Wolf, Michael S.; Paasche-Orlow, Michael K.

2008-01-01

18

Global 2000 National Workplace Literacy Program. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the final report on Global 2000, a 3-year workplace literacy project during which 87% of the 805 employees of 10 Massachusetts manufacturing companies enrolled in workplace literacy classes offered by the Continuing Education Institute (CEI). A total of 61 classes were held and 41 employee-participants earned high school diplomas…

Continuing Education Inst., Needham, MA.

19

Outcomes of Learning. Results from the 2000 Program for International Student Assessment of 15-Year-Olds in Reading, Mathematics, and Science Literacy. Statistical Analysis Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) is a new system of international assessments that focus on 15-year olds' capabilities in reading literacy, mathematics literacy, and science literacy. PISA also measures general or cross-curricular c...

M. Lelmke L. Lippman G. Bairu C. Calsyn T. Kruger T. Williams

2001-01-01

20

The Challenges Facing Adult Literacy Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The field of adult literacy is complex. This complexity poses many challenges for literacy programs. This paper addresses the challenges of collaboration, diversity, attendance, assessment and professional development as they apply to adult literacy programs. Recommendations for increasing the success of literacy programs are provided.

Greenberg, Daphne

2008-01-01

21

Even Start Family Literacy Program Evaluation, Oklahoma City Public Schools: A National Diffusion Network Approved Program, Family Intergenerational-Interaction Literacy Model 1993-94.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Even Start Family Literacy Program, in its fourth year of operation, provides a literacy environment based on the Family Intergenerational-Interaction Literacy Model (FILM) in the southwest area of Oklahoma City. The FILM model is designed to provide a family literacy education program for parents, extended family, and their preschool children…

Oklahoma City Univ., OK.

22

Using ILIAC to Systematically Plan and Implement a Library Information Literacy Assessment Program for Freshman Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to prepare for the 2013 SACS reaffirmation, the Joyner Library instruction librarians developed a systematic assessment program using Oakleaf's Information Literacy Instruction Assessment Cycle (ILIAC) to plan for instruction, assess student learning and improve future student learning by reviewing data and enacting changes. The paper…

Gustavson, Amy

2012-01-01

23

Evaluation Report for the Massachusetts Workplace Literacy Consortium. National Workplace Literacy Program Wave 6, Year 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Massachusetts Workplace Literacy Consortium sought to upgrade work-related literacy skills at 22 partner sites in the state. Members included manufacturers, health care organizations, educational institutions, and labor unions. In its third year, the consortium served 1,179 workers with classes in English for speakers of other languages, adult…

Sperazi, Laura; DePascale, Charles A.

24

Outcomes of Learning: Results from the 2000 Program for International Student Assessment of 15-Year-Olds in Reading, Mathematics, and Science Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents results from international assessments of 15-year-olds' capabilities in reading literacy, mathematics literacy, and science literacy, with an emphasis on reading literacy. Sample survey data from the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) provide a first step in the measurement of cross-curricular competencies in various…

Lemke, Mariann; Calsyn, Christopher; Lippman, Laura; Jocelyn, Leslie; Kastberg, David; Liu, Yan Yun; Roey, Stephen; Williams, Trevor; Kruger, Thea; Bairu, Ghedam

2002-01-01

25

A National Road Map to a Climate Literate Society: Advancing Climate Literacy by Coordinating Federal Climate Change Educational Programs (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the 21st century, climate scientists expect Earth's temperature to continue increasing, very likely more than it did during the 20th century. Two anticipated results are rising global sea level and increasing frequency and intensity of heat waves, droughts, and floods. [IPCC 2007, USGCRP 2009] These changes will affect almost every aspect of human society, including economic prosperity, human and environmental health, and national security. Climate change will bring economic and environmental challenges as well as opportunities, and citizens who have an understanding of climate science will be better prepared to respond to both. Society needs citizens who understand the climate system and know how to apply that knowledge in their careers and in their engagement as active members of their communities. Climate change will continue to be a significant element of public discourse. Understanding the essential principles of climate science will enable all people to assess news stories and contribute to their everyday conversations as informed citizens. Key to our nations response to climate change will be a Climate Literate society that understands their influence on climate and climate’s influence on them and society. In order to ensure the nation increases its literacy, the Climate Literacy: Essential Principles of Climate Science document has been endorsed by the 13 Federal agencies that make up the US Global Change Research Program (http://globalchange.gov/resources/educators/climate-literacy) and twenty-four other science and educational institutions. This session will explore the coordinated efforts by the federal agencies and partner organizations to ensure a climate literate society. "Climate Literacy: The Essential Principles of Climate Sciences: A Guide for Individuals and Communities" produced by the U.S. Global Change Research Program in March 2009

Niepold, F.; Karsten, J. L.

2009-12-01

26

National Workplace Literacy Program 1994-1997. Final Grant Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides information on a workplace education program in which Emily Griffith Opportunity School, Denver, partnered with Columbia HealthONE, Dobbs International Services, Imperial Headwear, Inc., Marriott Hotels, Provenant Health Partners, University of Colorado Health Science Center, and Westin Hotel. Section A of Part I, a program

Faulkner, Cynthia

27

NATIONAL WATER-QUALITY ASSESSMENT (NAWQA) PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program is designed to describe the status and trends in the quality of the Nations ground- and surface-water resources and to provide a sound understanding of the natural and human factors that affect the quality of these resources. ...

28

Assessment of the National Space Weather Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The assistance of the research community is being sought for an assessment that is currently in progress of the National Space Weather Program (NSWP). The totality of the NSWP is not as widely recognized as it deserves to be. My experience has been that most researchers have only a fragmentary appreciation of the NSWP. Some researchers see the program through

Louis Lanzerotti

2005-01-01

29

Interim Evaluation of the National Literacy Program. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evaluation examined issues related to: (1) Rationale and Relevance; (2) Implementation; and (3) Success. In addition, the interim evaluation was intended to: (1) Determine whether sufficient data was being collected to inform the summative evaluation and identify opportunities for improvement to fill any potential gaps; (2) Assess whether the…

Human Resources and Social Development Canada, 2007

2007-01-01

30

Phase III Technology for All Americans Project: Creating Assessment, Professional Development, and Program Standards for Technological Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goals of Phase III of the Technology for All Americans Project are to develop student assessment standards, professional development standards, program standards, and effective leaders. The project is based on the Standards for Technology Literacy, a NASA initiative. (JOW)

Dugger, William E., Jr.

2001-01-01

31

Prison Literacy Programs. ERIC Digest No. 159.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mastery of literacy skills may be a preventive and proactive way to address the problem of the high cost of imprisonment and the huge increase in the prison population. However, correctional educators contend with multiple problems in delivering literacy programs to inmates. Findings of the National Adult Literacy Survey indicate that, of the 5…

Kerka, Sandra

32

Family Literacy Programs: Who Benefits?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designing and delivering literacy programs that benefit both parents (or other family members) and children makes sense. But do family literacy programs really work? And if so, who benefits? The concept of family literacy is firmly rooted in a substantial research base from several disciplines, including adult literacy, emergent literacy, child…

Padak, Nancy; Rasinski, Tim

33

Information Literacy Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an annotated list of seven recent articles on the topic of information literacy assessment. They include: (1) "The Three Arenas of Information Literacy Assessment" (Bonnie Gratch Lindauer); (2) "Testing the Effectiveness of Interactive Multimedia for Library-User Education" (Karen Markey et al.); (3) "Assessing Auburn…

Warmkessel, Marjorie M.

2007-01-01

34

National Water-Quality Assessment Program (NAWQA)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This United States Geological Survey (USGS) program addresses water quality in the US. The goal is to develop long-term consistent and comparable information on streams, ground water, and aquatic ecosystems to support sound management and policy decisions. The program assesses over 50 river basins and aquifer systems, and helps to inform decision makers about the state of US water resources. Issues addressed include how and why water quality varies across the nation, trace elements, pesticides, nutrients, volatile organic chemicals (VOC's), water protection and management, and human health. This site links the user to articles, maps, data sets, and other sources of information. A glossary defines over 150 water related terms.

35

Family Literacy Programs: Who Benefits?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of family literacy is firmly rooted in a substantial research base from several disciplines, including adult literacy, emergent literacy, child development, and systems analysis. Results from a review of research from each discipline found answers to questions about benefits of family literacy. Results show family literacy programs do…

Padak, Nancy; Rasinski, Tim

36

Assessment of the National Space Weather Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The assistance of the research community is being sought for an assessment that is currently in progress of the National Space Weather Program (NSWP). The totality of the NSWP is not as widely recognized as it deserves to be. My experience has been that most researchers have only a fragmentary appreciation of the NSWP. Some researchers see the program through the prism of the annual solicitations that are conducted by the National Science Foundation (NSF) for targeted "space weather" research. Others see some portions of the program reflected in the data sets collected and displayed on the Web site of the NOAA Space Environment Center, as well as by the Center's warnings on solar activity and its current sponsorship of Space Weather Week. Yet others have participated in various NASA Living With a Star studies and mission definitions. The importance of the program for the Department of Defense (DoD) and the protection of national security assets has largely eluded many, except possibly for those that have been involved in one of the DoD-sponsored Multi-University Research Initiatives (MURIs). The genesis of the technical magazine that you are reading is the NSWP.

Lanzerotti, Louis

2005-11-01

37

Assessment and New Literacies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues that if multimodal and new literacies are to become common practices in schools, they have to be included in both school and provincial/state large-scale assessment programmes. Building on current criterion-referenced testing in Newfoundland and Labrador which assesses a range of literacies (viewing, reading, writing,…

Hammett, Roberta F.

2007-01-01

38

Pathways: A Primer for Family Literacy, Program Design and Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that family literacy can work effectively to break the cycle of undereducation, this book examines the history of the national family literacy movement, discusses the role of the National Center for Family Literacy (NCFL), and presents guidelines for designing and developing a family literacy program. The book's introductory section…

King, Rebecca; McMaster, Jennifer

39

Project TIP. Tyson Improvement Program. A Model National Workplace Literacy Project. Executive Summary Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project TIP (Tyson Improvement Program) was undertaken in 1992 to provide basic and job-specific skills training to current employees of Tyson Foods. The workplace literacy program, which was jointly developed by staff from Wallace State College in Hanceville, Alabama, and Tyson Foods, was designed to be presented to Tyson employees at five…

Wallace State Coll., Hanceville, AL.

40

NATIONAL CROP LOSS ASSESSMENT NETWORK: QUALITY ASSURANCE PROGRAM (JOURNAL VERSION)  

EPA Science Inventory

A quality assurance program was incorporated into the National Crop Loss Assessment Network (NCLAN) program, designed to assess the economic impacts of gaseous air pollutants on major agricultural crops in the United States. The quality assurance program developed standardized re...

41

The Development of a Biodiversity Literacy Assessment Instrument. Report to the National Environmental Education Training Foundation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides information about the program evaluation study of a national biodiversity education program for youth in the United States known as "Windows on the World" launched by the World Wildlife Fund. The curriculum development project is organized into four phases: (1) a biodiversity needs assessment; (2) the development of…

World Wildlife Fund, Washington, DC.

42

The Gannett Foundation Literacy Challenge Grants Program 1987-1990. Assessment Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes how 20 states and Puerto Rico used $2.7 million awarded by the Gannett Foundation to build and expand adult literacy activities in a coordinated fashion statewide. Chapter 1 presents information on development of the Literacy Challenge grants program and brief descriptions of each project, including year funded, amount of…

Sibbison, Virginia Hayes

43

Sanford Maine Public Schools National Workplace Literacy Program. Performance Report. External Evaluator Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A joint enterprise by Sanford Public Schools of Sanford, Maine, and five partners established and operated a program of literacy, math, and reasoning/problem-solving skills instruction and support services at five work sites. The business partners were Sprague Electric Company; The Baker Company; Jagger Brothers, Inc.; Greenwood Center; and…

Sanford Public Schools, ME.

44

National Workplace Literacy Program (NWLP) at Chinatown Manpower Project, Inc. Final Performance Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Chinatown Manpower Project continued as the education partner in a Workplace Literacy Program (WLP) for the Chinese garment workers in New York City. Local 23-25, Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Employees, was the union partner; the Greater Blouse, Skirt & Undergarment Association, Inc., and the Continental Garment Manufacturers…

Tse, Ivy Au

45

National Workplace Literacy Program for Health Care Employees. Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Continuing Education Institute's Workplace ESL (English-as-a-Second Language) and ABE (Adult Basic Education) programs improved the job experience for employees with language and literacy problems in Boston (Massachusetts) by teaching them language strategies that had direct application to their jobs. Health care administrators, supervisors,…

Continuing Education Inst., Needham, MA.

46

NVLAP (National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program) Assessment and Evaluation Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP), established in 1976, is administered by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) formerly the National Bureau of Standards (NBS). NVLAP is a voluntary system for assessing a...

R. L. Gladhill

1989-01-01

47

Patterns of Participation in Canadian Literacy and Upgrading Programs: Results of a National Follow-Up Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In early 1999, ABC Canada and Literacy British Columbia (BC) worked with 55 literacy organizations across Canada to study student recruitment and retention. Telephone interviews were conducted with 338 people who had contacted programs seeking literacy information or services (callers). Findings indicated callers constituted a broad cross-section…

Long, Ellen

48

Mandated literacy assessment and the reorganisation of teachers’ work: federal policy, local effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores how mandated literacy assessment is reorganising teachers' work in the context of Australia's National Assessment ProgramLiteracy and Numeracy, which was implemented in 2008. Students in Years 3, 5, 7 and 9 are tested annually, with school results publicly available. The wider policy context and the emergence of different forms of interconnected educational work associated with

Barbara Comber

2012-01-01

49

Assessment Literacy for Teachers: Faddish or Fundamental?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, increasing numbers of professional development programs have dealt with assessment literacy for teachers and/or administrators. Is assessment literacy merely a fashionable focus for today's professional developers or, in contrast, should it be regarded as a significant area of professional development interest for many years to…

Popham, W. James

2009-01-01

50

Delivery of financial literacy programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

A critical challenge faced by educators, community leaders and policy makers is to bring financial literacy and consumer education effectively to their constituencies. Based on the qualitative evidence gleaned from focus groups, we take a pragmatic approach in proposing ways to deliver financial literacy programs to adults. This article makes several suggestions for implementing financial literacy programs, from outlining important

Maude Toussaint-Comeau; Sherrie L. W. Rhine

2000-01-01

51

Descriptive Study of AmeriCorps Literacy Programs: State and National. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

AmeriCorps is composed of three programs, State and National; National Civilian Community Corps (NCCC); and Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA). The focus of this report is on the AmeriCorps State/National program. Education-related activities have been a priority for AmeriCorps' parent organization, the National Corporation for Public…

Moss, Marc; Hiller, Jordan; Moore, Douglas

52

The Health Literacy of America's Adults: Results from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy. NCES 2006-483  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding the health literacy of America's adults is important because so many aspects of finding health care and health information, and maintaining health, depend on understanding written information. Many reports have suggested that low health literacy is associated with poor communication between patients and health care providers and with…

Kutner, Mark; Greenburg, Elizabeth; Jin, Ying; Paulsen, Christine

2006-01-01

53

The Demographic Assessment for Health Literacy (DAHL): A New Tool for Estimating Associations between Health Literacy and Outcomes in National Surveys  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  To impute limited health literacy from commonly measured socio-demographic data and to compare it to the Short-Test of Functional\\u000a Health Literacy in Adults (S-TOFHLA) for estimating the influence of limited health literacy on health status in the elderly.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  The Prudential Medicare Study assesses the S-TOFHLA score, leading to a “reference standard” classification of 25% of people\\u000a with inadequate literacy; the

Amresh D. Hanchate; Arlene S. Ash; Julie A. Gazmararian; Michael S. Wolf; Michael K. Paasche-Orlow

2008-01-01

54

Program Design for a Community-Based Literacy Program for Adults with Mental Retardation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief paper describes a literacy program for adults with mental retardation in the Boston metropolitan region developed when more than 300 individuals formally requested literacy services. Several cognitive and literacy assessments were reviewed and implemented. No one assessment was found to be sufficient to assess ranges from pre-literacy

Reale, Robin

55

Addressing Literacy Needs at Work. A Profile of Institutions, Courses, and Workers in the National Workplace Literacy Partnerships.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Descriptive data were collected on 45 workplace literacy partnerships during a national evaluation of the effectiveness of workplace literacy programs (WPL) funded by the National Workplace Literacy Program. Findings indicated the following: on average, partnerships consisted of 8 partners; about 60 percent were business or industry; 20 percent…

Moore, Mary T.; Myers, David E.; Silva, Tim

56

Developing Early Literacy. Report of the National Early Literacy Panel.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report, written by the National Early Literacy Panel (NELP), systematically examines the research on early literacy instruction to determine what best can be done to prepare young children for literate lives. The ability to read and write is fundamen...

2009-01-01

57

Transitions: Building Partnerships between Literacy Volunteer and Adult Education Programs. Background Papers from the National Conference (Washington, D.C., May 15-17, 1994).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains four papers that were written in preparation for a national conference on building partnerships to help adult learners make the transition from volunteer literacy to adult education programs. Discussed in "Technology as an Instruction Strategy for Program Transitions" (Eunice N. Askov, Barbara H. Van Horn) are the…

National Alliance of Business, Inc., Washington, DC.

58

NVLAP (National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program) Assessment and Evaluation Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This manual explains the role of an assessor and evaluator under the National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP). Policies, procedures, and techniques for conducting a NVLAP on-site assessment of a testing laboratory are described. Deficie...

P. S. Unger

1985-01-01

59

Australian Literacies: Informing National Policy on Literacy Education. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is designed to inform national policy on literacy education in Australia. A preamble describes the general literacy crisis in Australia, which includes systematic underperformance in English literacy among some groups and many individuals (who are often seriously disadvantaged in their occupational and educational opportunities). The…

Lo Bianco, Joseph; Freebody, Peter

60

Pre-SPC Math for Foundry Workers. A Lesson Developed for Robinson Foundry and Bodine-Robinson as Part of a National Workplace Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed as part of a National Workplace Literacy Program, this lesson focuses on terms and mathematical operations associated with Statistical Process Control (SPC) in the foundry industry. With appropriate assistance and preparatory work, workers testing between grades 4 and 9 on the Test of Adult Basic Education Locator should be able to use…

Rasmussen, Bonnie

61

Assessing nursing students' knowledge of health literacy.  

PubMed

Because patients' limited level of health literacy can have a negative impact on patient health outcomes, it is important to address this topic in the nursing curricula. The author discusses a comparative study that assessed baccalaureate nursing students' knowledge of health literacy before and after implementation of an asynchronous online educational module. With a significant difference between the pretest and posttest scores, the findings provide information that can inform curriculum planning in baccalaureate nursing programs. PMID:22914282

McCleary-Jones, Voncella

2012-01-01

62

Literacy and the NAEP Reading Assessments. A Background and Position Paper Prepared for the NAEP Reading Review Subcommittee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews literacy and literacy assessment in America, in relation to the various National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading assessments. Literacy can be defined and assessed only in relation to literacy demands. A current concept of literacy distinguishes between reading comprehension as an outcome of lexical access and…

Venezky, Richard L.

63

National Literacy Strategy: Review of Research and Other Related Evidence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Literacy Strategy provides steady and consistent means of raising standards of literacy in England over a long period of time. The Strategy is made up of a Framework for Teaching, which gives detailed guidance to teachers, a supporting professional development program, and other community-based elements. This Review of Research…

Department for Education and Skills, London (England).

64

National Water-Quality Assessment Program: The Sacramento River Basin  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 1991, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) began to implement a full-scale National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) program. The long-term goals of the NAWQA program are to describe the status of and trends in the quality of a large, representative part of the Nation's surface- and ground-water resources and to identify the major natural and human factors that affect the quality of those resources. In addressing these goals, the program will provide a wealth of water- quality information that will be useful to policy makers and managers at the national, State, and local levels. A major asset of the NAWQA program is that it will allow for the integration of water-quality information collected at several scales. A major component of the program is the study-unit investigation-the foundation of national- level assessment. The 60 study units of the NAWQA program are hydrologic systems that include parts of most major river basins and aquifer systems of the conterminous United States. These study units cover areas of 1,000 to more than 60,000 square miles and represent 60 to 70 percent of the Nation's water use and population served by public water supplies. Investigations of the first 20 study units began in 1991. In 1994, the Sacramento River Basin was among the second set of 20 NAWQA study units selected for investigation.

Domagalski, Joseph L.; Brown, Larry R.

1994-01-01

65

Reading Literacy: Its Definition and Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the concept of literacy for the purpose of identifying the parameters that must be specified in literacy definitions, identifies related measurement problems, and describes literacy assessment procedures currently available. (RB)

Bormuth, John R.

1973-01-01

66

Literacy Assessment for Out-of-School Youth and Adults: Concepts, Methods and New Directions. ILI Technical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A critical need remains for a practical and low-cost methodology to bridge the gap between methodologies for assessment of literacy at the national survey level. At the program level, it must be able to be used effectively by those in developing countries with limited funds but major literacy problems. Etic (external, quantifiable,…

Wagner, Daniel A.

67

New Paradigm for Effective Workforce Skills. Final Performance Report 1994 to 1998. National Workplace Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project demonstrated that a workplace literacy model can be replicated in large and small businesses with significant learner outcomes and used to improve worker productivity. It served 938 employees of 4 partners at 12 sites, including 2 large and 1 small manufacturing plants, major health care system, and multiple small businesses. Diverse,…

Sheffer, Wilma

68

Beyond Duct Tape and Baling Wire. Building an Effective Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed by Laubach Literacy Action (LLA), this book is designed to help literacy programs develop professionalism, improve program quality, and operate their programs like businesses. Based on LLA's National Quality Standards for Volunteer Literacy Programs and the premise that tutoring services are enhanced by efficient program management and…

Laubach Literacy International, Syracuse, NY.

69

Highlights from the 2003 Massachusetts State Assessment of Adult Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes key findings from the 2003 Massachusetts State Assessment of Adult Literacy (SAAL). Administered in Massachusetts in 2003 and early 2004, the assessment measures the prose, document, and quantitative literacy of Massachusetts's adults. The Massachusetts SAAL was conducted in conjunction with the National Assessment of Adult…

Baer, Justin D.; Hsu, Yung-chen

2006-01-01

70

Outcomes of Learning: Results from the 2000 Program for International Student Assessment of 15-Year-Olds in Reading, Mathematics, and Science Literacy. Statistical Analysis Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents results from the first cycle of the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA). PISA is a new international assessment of 15-year-olds in reading, mathematics, and science literacy. The United States has joined with 27 other member countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and 4…

Lemke, Mariann; Lippman, Laura; Bairu, Ghedam; Calsyn, Christopher; Kruger, Thea; Jocelyn, Leslie; Kastberg, David; Liu, Yan Yun; Roey, Stephen; Williams, Trevor

71

Outcomes of Learning: Results from the 2000 Program for International Student Assessment of 15-Year-Olds in Reading, Mathematics, and Science Literacy. Statistical Analysis Report. [Revised].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents revised results from the first cycle of the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA). PISA is a new international assessment of 15-year-olds in reading, mathematics, and science literacy. The United States has joined with 27 other member countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)…

Lemke, Mariann; Lippman, Laura; Bairu, Ghedam; Calsyn, Christopher; Kruger, Thea; Jocelyn, Leslie; Kastberg, David; Liu, Yan Yun; Roey, Stephen; Williams, Trevor

72

National Workplace Literacy Program. Garment-Related Bilingual (English and Chinese) Broadcast Lessons. Book 1 and 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A compilation of transcripts of 100 bilingual English/Chinese broadcast lessons for workers in the garment industry is presented. The lessons are part of the New York Chinatown Manpower Project's Workplace Literacy Program. With the support of the Sino Radio Broadcast Corporation, the lessons are broadcast daily in the morning and again after the…

Chan, Ha Yin

73

Identifying Problems Affecting Adult Literacy Training Programs in the Cento Region; Report of the CENTO Seminar on Illiteracy Held in the National Museum, Tehran, Nov. 16-21, 1963.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume is the report of the proceedings of a seminar on adult education held in Tehran, Iran. The twelve papers included discuss such topics as adult literacy programs in Iran, literacy in Turkey, adult literacy problems and programs of Pakistan, the purpose of literacy training, defining literacy, planning literacy training programs,…

Luebke, Paul T., Ed.

74

Information Literacy Assessment: Moving beyond Computer Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information literacy is a concept that has evolved as a result of recent efforts to move technology-based instruction and research to a level above the long-held concepts previously associated with "computer literacy"; the focus of information literacy education being the development of students' abilities to construct/collect and analyze…

Hignite, Michael; Margavio, Thomas M.; Margavio, Geanie W.

2009-01-01

75

The National Literacy Strategy--Framework for Teaching: Additional Guidance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

England's National Literacy Strategy is intended to raise standards of literacy for every student. Teachers should aim to include each student in the Literacy Hour. Evidence from the National Literacy Project (NLP), on which the national strategy is based, shows that students with widely varying needs can expect to improve their literacy skills in…

Department for Education and Skills, London (England).

76

Assessment Literacy and Student Learning: The Case for Explicitly Developing Students "Assessment Literacy"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we report on a study to quantify the impact on student learning and on student assessment literacy of a brief assessment literacy intervention. We first define "assessment literacy" then report on the development and validation of an assessment literacy measurement instrument. Using a pseudo-experimental design, we quantified the…

Smith, Calvin Douglas; Worsfold, Kate; Davies, Lynda; Fisher, Ron; McPhail, Ruth

2013-01-01

77

Climate Literacy and Cyberlearning: Emerging Platforms and Programs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the release of the Essential Principles of Climate Science Literacy: A Guide for Individuals and Communities in the Spring of 2009, an important step toward an shared educational and communication framework about climate science was achieved. Designed as a living document, reviewed and endorsed by the thirteen federal agencies in the U.S. Climate Change Science Program (now U.S. Global Change Research Program), the Essential Principles of Climate Literacy complement other Earth system literacy efforts. A variety of emerging efforts have begun to build on the framework using a variety of cyberlearning tools, including an online Climate Literacy course developed by Education and Outreach group at CIRES, the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, and the Independent Learning program of the Continuing Education Division at the University of Colorado at Boulder. The online course, piloted during the Summer of 2009 with formal classroom teachers and informal science educators, made use of the online Climate Literacy Handbook, which was developed by CIRES Education and Outreach and the Encyclopedia of Earth, which is supported by the National Council for Science and the Environment and hosted by Boston University. This paper will explore challenges and opportunities in the use of cyberlearning tools to support climate literacy efforts, highlight the development of the online course and handbook, and note related emerging cyberlearning platforms and programs for climate literacy, including related efforts by the Climate Literacy Network, the NASA Global Climate Change Education programs, the National STEM Education Distributed Learning (NSDL) and AAAS Project 2061.

McCaffrey, M. S.; Wise, S. B.; Buhr, S. M.

2009-12-01

78

Health Literacy and Adult Basic Education Assessments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adult basic education (ABE) is an ideal venue for developing health literacy skills. Literacy and numeracy assessments used in ABE were identified and the most common were examined for health components. Only the Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment System (CASAS) included health. The two most common health literacy assessments used in general…

Golbeck, Amanda L.; Ahlers-Schmidt, Carolyn R.; Paschal, Angelia M.

2005-01-01

79

Early Literacy: A Cross-National Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australia and New Zealand have a literacy rate of 99% (Human Development Index). Each country has a national curriculum where early literacy is the main emphasis. The author visited public schools in Australia and New Zealand to observe teaching methods utilized in teaching reading and writing. Some impressions were noted while observing in these…

Rosberg, Merilee A.

80

HIV Education for Adult Literacy Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This staff development package is designed to inform adult literacy practitioners about Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome/Human Immunodeficiency Virus (AIDS/HIV) and to facilitate implementation of HIV education in adult literacy programs. It is intended to teach them to plan and implement HIV education for their adult literacy students and to…

Smith, Barbara E.

81

Training Manual Development Program: Dominion Bridge. Final Report. Organizational Needs Assessment of Workplace Literacy Skills & Development of Training Manuals for the Paint Department.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To address specific workplace literacy needs within the steel fabrication sector in Manitoba, an organizational needs assessment was conducted training manuals were developed using literacy task analysis techniques. The organizational needs assessment assessed the general and workplace literacy tasks and demands of hourly workers at Dominion…

McKeag, Janis

82

Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2006 and Scientific Literacy: A Perspective for Science Education Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the idea of scientific literacy as defined in PISA, discusses relevant results of PISA, and clarifies meaningful relationships between PISA data and scientific competencies of U.S. students. Finally, the author includes insights and recommendations for contemporary leadership in science education. (Contains 8 tables and 1…

Bybee, Rodger W.

2009-01-01

83

Assessment of Children’s Public Health Insurance Program Enrollment Applications: A Health Literacy Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionMore than half of uninsured children in the United States qualify for Medicaid or the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP). Application readability and other complex features may be barriers to enrollment for some of these families. The purpose of this study was to conduct a literary assessment of state-issued English- and Spanish-language Medicaid\\/CHIP Internet-based enrollment applications, including an evaluation of

Lorraine S. Wallace; Jennifer E. DeVoe; Julie S. Hansen

2011-01-01

84

Risk Assessment for National Natural Resource Conservation Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the risk assessments prepared by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in support of regulations implementing the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) and Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP). These two natural resource conservation programs were authorized as part of the 1996 Farm Bill. The risk assessments were required under the Federal Crop Insurance Reform and Department of Agriculture

Mark Powell; James Wilson

1997-01-01

85

Predictive Validity Evidence for an Assessment Program Based on the Work Sampling System in Mathematics and Language and Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the predictive nature of teacher ratings of student performance on the mathematical thinking and language and literacy domains of a state mandated curriculum-embedded performance assessment for children in first grade to student achievement on a criterion-referenced test in third grade in mathematics and English language arts,…

Gallant, Dorinda J.

2009-01-01

86

Availability of Products from National Workplace Literacy Grants (1992-93).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication lists some of the curriculum resources that were produced through the National Workplace Literacy Program, Section 371 of the Adult Education Act, as amended by the National Literacy Act of 1991. The curriculum resources in this publication were developed during 1992-1993 of the demonstration program. The curriculum materials are…

Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC. Div. of Adult Education and Literacy.

87

Special Analysis of Tribal Even Start Projects (1995-96 Program Year). National Evaluation of the Even Start Family Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is a descriptive analysis of the tribal Even Start Literacy Program and of families served in 1995-96. Eight of 9 tribal Even Start projects funded in 1995-96 are described and compared to 563 projects reporting nationwide (out of 576 total). Grants were awarded to federally recognized American Indian tribes or tribal organizations to…

Tao, Fumiyo; Khan, Sherry; Arriola, Christine

88

Special Analysis of Migrant Education Even Start Projects (1995-96 Program Year). National Evaluation of the Even Start Family Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is a descriptive analysis of the migrant education Even Start Literacy Program and of families served in 1995-96. The 9 migrant Even Start projects funded in 1995-96 are described and compared to 563 reporting projects nationwide (out of 576 total). Nine state educational agencies received grants to help parents of currently migratory…

Tao, Fumiyo; Khan, Sherry; Arriola, Christine

89

Methods of Large Scale Literacy Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After defining literacy as functional literacy, the author discusses sampling techniques for determining the educational level of large groups: the literacy rate approach, the behavioral objectives approach, and the normative approach. He concludes that test development is the most difficult aspect of such assessments. (AG)

Karlsen, Bjorn

1973-01-01

90

Assessment Literacy Overlooked: A Teacher Educator's Confession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents reflections and guidance concerning assessment literacy in teacher education. Previous inadequacies in teacher training in educational assessment highlight the need for teachers to be assessment literate. Assessment literacy consists of an individual's understanding of the fundamental assessment concepts and procedures deemed…

Popham, W. James

2011-01-01

91

Why Is Health Literacy Related to Health? An Exploration among U.S. National Assessment of Adult Literacy Participants 40 Years of Age and Older  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health literacy has emerged as an important factor related to health in older persons. The reason for the link between health literacy and health outcomes is not clear. Possible explanations include common relations among income, education, access to health care, health-promotion behaviors, frequency of reading, and perceptual impairments. In this…

Ownby, Raymond L.; Waldrop-Valverde, Drenna; Taha, Jessica

2012-01-01

92

Critical Issue: Monitoring the School Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses monitoring the school literacy program. Teachers make many educational decisions about how reading and writing should be taught in the classroom. Some teachers makes these decisions intuitively, but a systematic process of monitoring is more effective. When teachers monitor the school's literacy program, they track the reading…

Johnson, Debra; Foertsch, Mary

93

Indiana Free Library Inc. Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Indiana Free Library Literacy Program had two major goals during Fiscal Year 1989: to maintain and expand the present services and to extend the existing literacy program. Tutors were recruited through public service announcements and extensive free coverage in the Indiana Gazette. Four tutor training workshops were held to train 40 new…

Braine, Rachel

94

Literacy in the Labor Force. Results from the National Adult Literacy Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is based on data gathered during the 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey (NALS), examines the literacy skills of the U.S. civilian labor force, including the employed and unemployed. The following topics are among those discussed: (1) human resources and the U.S. economy; (2) literacy proficiencies of the nation's labor force;…

Sum, Andrew

95

Literacy in the Workplace: An Examination of Curricula and Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curricula and methods used in workplace literacy programs were reviewed through a search of the ERIC database. The search was intended to identify the following: literacy skills recommended for teaching literacy through workplace curricula; skills that have been taught through workplace literacy programs; and criteria used to determine program

Scales, Alice M.

96

Developing Early Literacy: Report of the National Literacy Panel. Executive Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report, written by the National Early Literacy Panel (NELP), systematically examines the research on early literacy instruction to determine what best can be done to prepare young children for literate lives. The ability to read and write is fundamen...

2009-01-01

97

Manual for Assessment and Planning of National ORT (Oral Rehydration Therapy) Programs (1st Edition).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Methods for assessing national oral rehydration therapy (ORT) programs and planning assistance to countries are presented. An outline and rationale for a strategy assessment and development of a PRITECH technical assistance plan are presented first, follo...

J. LeSar P. Harrison A. Buxbaum

1985-01-01

98

Developing Early Writing. The National Literacy Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains materials to help teachers and practitioners in England to teach writing in the Reception Year of the Foundation Stage and through Key Stage 1. It emphasizes the importance of shared writing and teaching from the objectives in the National Literacy Strategy Framework for Teaching and the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority…

Department for Education and Employment, London (England).

99

Disability & Literacy. How Disability Issues Are Addressed in Adult Basic Education Programs. Findings of a National Focus Group.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A national focus group with 25 participants explored the current state of services for persons with disabilities in adult basic education (ABE) and how the ABE and disability communities could work together to create better service models. It found many states are doing little in this area. Six key findings were as follows: state ABE programs are…

National Inst. for Literacy, Washington, DC.

100

Learning Strategies for Post-Literacy and Continuing Education: A Cross-National Perspective. Second Edition. Outcomes of an International Research Project. Studies on Post-Literacy and Continuing Education 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many countries have recently launched massive programs to promote nation-wide adult literacy, but while these efforts have been commendable, it has been observed that neo-literates who acquire literacy through such programs have great difficulty in retaining it; hence an urgent need to develop suitable programs of post-literacy and continuing…

Dave, R. H.; And Others

101

Towards Ecologically Valid Assessment in Early Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores aspects of early language and literacy that may predict later literacy development. It explores a range of assessment procedures used for oral language, vocabulary, sentence structure and phonology and early reading and writing. The article then describes a small-scale study which highlights the disconnections between the…

Hill, Susan

2011-01-01

102

Building Bridges: Home Learning and Family Literacy Programs. Institute for Literacy Studies Occasional Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the work of the Even Start Family Literacy Study Group, which met over the course of the 1998-99 school year. Based on the personal experiences of the group's facilitator, the paper presents thoughts about family literacy and the relationship between families, literacy, and programs. In an effort to support family literacy

Ullman, Claudia M.

103

Nonparticipation of Mayan Adults in Rural Literacy Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews with five Mayans in Guatemalan villages identified deterrents to participation in literacy programs at four levels: (1) individual (personal history, self-perception); (2) family (values, machismo); (3) community (ethnic identity, economic system); and (4) national (funding, policies, culturally inappropriate formats). (SK)

Cutz, German; Chandler, Paul

1999-01-01

104

Financial Literacy Program Prepares Youth for Living on Their Own  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At one time, the financial unit of a family and consumer sciences (FCS) curriculum was as simple as looking at budgets and doing checkbook exercises. Today, the FCS financial literacy program is a 6-week unit, designed to meet the Colorado Core Life Management Curriculum Standard II, Managing Your Finances, and the FCS Education National Standard…

Franklin, Iris E.

2004-01-01

105

Health literacy, health status, and healthcare utilization of taiwanese adults: results from a national survey  

PubMed Central

Background Low health literacy is considered a worldwide health threat. The purpose of this study is to assess the prevalence and socio-demographic covariates of low health literacy in Taiwanese adults and to investigate the relationships between health literacy and health status and health care utilization. Methods A national survey of 1493 adults was conducted in 2008. Health literacy was measured using the Mandarin Health Literacy Scale. Health status was measured based on self-rated physical and mental health. Health care utilization was measured based on self-reported outpatient clinic visits, emergency room visits, and hospitalizations. Results Approximately thirty percent of adults were found to have low (inadequate or marginal) health literacy. They tended to be older, have fewer years of schooling, lower household income, and reside in less populated areas. Inadequate health literacy was associated with poorer mental health (OR, 0.57; 95% CI, 0.35-0.91). No association was found between health literacy and health care utilization even after adjusting for other covariates. Conclusions Low (inadequate and marginal) health literacy is prevalent in Taiwan. High prevalence of low health literacy is not necessarily indicative of the need for interventions. Systematic efforts to evaluate the impact of low health literacy on health outcomes in other countries would help to illuminate features of health care delivery and financing systems that may mitigate the adverse health effects of low health literacy.

2010-01-01

106

Portraits of Excellence. The Secretary's Awards for Outstanding Adult Education and Literacy Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet describes 10 outstanding adult education and literacy programs, one for each of the country's 10 geographic regions, that won awards from the U.S. Secretary of Education in 1992. The winners embody the best elements of how the adult learning system will move the nation to meet the National Education Goal for Adult Literacy and…

Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC. Div. of Adult Education and Literacy.

107

Literacy: A Route to Addressing Child Poverty? National Literacy Trust Research Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This short document reviews research into the role of low literacy in poverty and disadvantage. It sets out evidence for the impact of parental engagement in home learning and the significance of attitudes, aspirations and literacy development. The National Literacy Trust hopes that this is a useful resource for those with responsibility for, and…

National Literacy Trust, 2011

2011-01-01

108

Literacy: State of the Nation--A Picture of Literacy in the UK Today  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literacy is the combination of reading, writing, speaking and listening skills we all need to fulfil our potential. These life skills are essential to the happiness, health and wealth of individuals and society. "Literacy: State of the Nation" provides a coherent picture of literacy in the UK today. It reveals that: (1) One in six people in the UK…

Jama, Deeqa; Dugdale, George

2012-01-01

109

Literacy, Numeracy, and Problem Solving in Technology-Rich Environments among U.S. Adults: Results from the Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies 2012. Appendix D: Standard Error Tables. First Look. NCES 2014-008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides Appendix D, Standard Error tables, for the full report, entitled. "Literacy, Numeracy, and Problem Solving in Technology-Rich Environments among U.S. Adults: Results from the Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies 2012. First Look. NCES 2014-008." The full report presents results of the Program for the…

National Center for Education Statistics, 2013

2013-01-01

110

Workplace Literacy Program. Administrative Manual. Teacher Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These two manuals are designed to aid prospective providers of workplace literacy programs in program organization and implementation. The administrator's manual addresses the following topics: program philosophy, history, potential clients, advertising, guidelines for client meetings, instructor recruitment and training, client goals, learning…

Western Suffolk BOCES, Northport, NY.

111

Farmers' Functional Literacy Program in India.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Farmers' Functional Literacy Program has been conducted in conjunction with an intensive agricultural development program in the villages of India since 1968. A recent innovation of significance to developing countries, the program incorporates the concept of linking education to development. This joint venture of three governmental ministries…

Chauhan, Malikhan S.

112

The National Coordinated Cataloging Program: An Assessment of the Pilot Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is an assessment of the National Coordinated Cataloging Program (NCCP)--a pilot project to test the idea that a set of libraries, working with the Library of Congress, can produce complete and accurate cataloging records to national standards for national distribution--and is composed of several papers and a summary report by the…

Council on Library Resources, Inc., Washington, DC.

113

The Workplace English Language and Literacy Program in Tasmania.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on aspects of the Tasmanian Centre of the Adult Literacy and Numeracy Australian Research Consortium, which investigated the role of the Workplace English Language and Literacy program in supporting provision for literacy and numeracy in training packages. (Adjunct ERIC Clearinghouse for ESL Literacy Education)(Author/VWL)

Millar, Pat

2001-01-01

114

AMMONIA EMISSION FACTORS FOR THE NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSION INVENTORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The report provides information on certain sources of ammonia emissions to the atmosphere for use in the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) emission inventories. Major anthropogenic sources of ammonia emissions to the atmosphere are identified, and emission fa...

115

SPATIAL ALLOCATION FACTOR PROCEDURES FOR THE 1980 NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSIONS INVENTORY DOCUMENTATION  

EPA Science Inventory

The report documents the development of spatial allocation factors to apportion National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) area source emissions from counties to individual grid cells for input to the Regional Acid Deposition Models (RADM) and Regional Oxidant Models ...

116

DEVELOPMENT OF THE 1985 NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSIONS INVENTORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper describes the development of the 1985 National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) emissions inventory. NAPAP includes the facility for research and preparation of comprehensive emission inventories. Task Group B, Man-made Sources within NAPAP, has directed th...

117

34 CFR 1100.1 - What is the Literacy Leader Fellowship Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false What is the Literacy Leader Fellowship Program? 1100.1 Section 1100...INSTITUTE FOR LITERACY: LITERACY LEADER FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM § 1100.1 What is the Literacy Leader Fellowship Program? (a) Under the...

2013-07-01

118

The Bridge: An Authentic Literacy Assessment Strategy for Individualizing and Informing Practice with Young Children with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early literacy development, assessment, and teaching have been significant foci of research and practice in the 21st, century. Multiple new early literacy curricula and assessments for preschoolers have been created since 2001. Tracking the emergent literacy growth of developmentally young children is essential to planning appropriate programs

Pierce, Patsy L.; Summer, Gail; O'deKirk, Mark

2009-01-01

119

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL/ENERGY WORKFORCE ASSESSMENT. WASTEWATER PROGRAMS  

EPA Science Inventory

The volume describes 28 post-secondary education/training programs which emphasize the environmental area of wastewater pollution control and abatement. The programs represent 16 states. Program areas of concentration include: water resources; wastewater pollution; plant operatio...

120

SLIC: An Early Literacy Program for Classroom Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Supporting Literacy in the Classroom (SLIC), an early literacy program for classroom teachers that was developed in an urban school district. Discusses the components of the SLIC program: read alouds, shared reading, guided reading, and interactive writing. Reviews successful early literacy programs and describes classroom methods to…

Herb, Beth S.; Bufalino, Janet M.

1997-01-01

121

National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program Report to Congress: An Integrated Assessment  

SciTech Connect

Under Title IX of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, Congress reauthorized the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) to continue coordinating acid rain research and monitoring, as it had done during the previous decade, and to provide Congress with periodic reports. In particular, Congress asked NAPAP to assess all available data and information to answer two questions: (1) What are the costs, benefits, and effectiveness of Title IV? This question addresses the costs and economic impacts of complying with the Acid Rain Program as well as benefit analyses associated with the various human health and welfare effects, including reduced visibility, damages to materials and cultural resources, and effects on ecosystems. (2) What reductions in deposition rates are needed to prevent adverse ecological effects? This complex questions addresses ecological systems and the deposition levels at which they experience harmful effects. The results of the assessment of the effects of Title IV and of the relationship between acid deposition rates and ecological effects were to be reported to Congress quadrennially, beginning with the 1996 report to Congress. The objective of this Report is to address the two main questions posed by Congress and fully communicate the results of the assessment to decision-makers. Given the primary audience, most of this report is not written as a technical document, although information supporting the conclusions is provided along with references.

Uhart, M.; et al,

2005-08-01

122

The National Coalition for Literacy: Options for the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Coalition for Literacy's (NCL's) stated goal is to serve as the national leadership organization of the adult literacy field. However, NCL's organizational structure severely limits its ability to muster the personnel resources or raise the money required to fully perform the leadership functions required of a national coalition. The…

Chisman, Forrest P.

123

The National Assessment of the Chapter 1 Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluations of Chapter 1 programs usually center on one of three questions: (1) Does the program constitute an appropriate Federal investment? (2) Does the program have the potential to benefit students? and (3) Is the program feasible enough to implement? Often, evaluators and legislators disagree over which of these questions is most important.…

Kennedy, Mary M.

124

Information Literacy Assessment in K-12 Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As library educators help the academic community incorporate information literacy into the curriculum and instruct students so they become information literate, the role of assessment becomes key--and problematic. What should be assessed, how should it be examined, and is there even a valid and feasible set of assessment tools? This work helps…

Farmer, Lesley S.J.; Henri, James

2007-01-01

125

National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) program. A basis for water-resource policy development  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The concepts that are the basis for the U.S. Geological Survey's National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) program began forming in the early 1980's. By 1986, a pilot phase was initiated to test and refine assessment concepts and in 1991, the NAWQA program began a multi-year transition to a fully operational program. The goals of the program are to describe the status and trends in the quality of a large representative part of the Nation's ground- and surface-water resources and to develop an understanding of the natural and human factors affecting the quality of these resources. This information will provide a sound scientific basis upon which water resources decision making at all governmental levels can be based. To meet its goals, the program will integrate water-quality information at local, regional, and national scales. The program will be perennial and consist of two major components -- study-unit investigations and national assessment activities. Investigations of surface- and ground-water resources of major regional hydrologic systems (river basins and aquifer systems) each covering 1200 to about 60,000 square miles, will be conducted on a rotating basis for 60 study units located throughout the Nation. Key findings from these study-unit investigations will be used along with other information to provide issue-oriented water-quality assessments of regional and national interest.

Leahy, P. Patrick; Wilber, William, G.

1991-01-01

126

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL/ENERGY WORKFORCE ASSESSMENT. ENERGY PROGRAMS  

EPA Science Inventory

The programs included in this volume are evidence that people are doing more than just talking about our energy future. In addition to well-established programs in nuclear engineering, mining, petroleum and natural gas technology and engineering, there are programs in energy conv...

127

Integrating Assessment into Recurring Information Literacy Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information literacy instruction is integrated into the distance education program in library and information science (LEEP) at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign (UIUC). This article describes the LEEP program and the library services provided to its students. Published research on LEEP and related topics in librarianship is reviewed. Student evaluations of library instructional sessions have been gathered since 2002, shared

Susan E. Searing

2007-01-01

128

Literacy Education and Families: A Program and Its Progress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of Project Literacy Education and Families (LEAF), a family literacy program that provides experiences for parents to develop their skills and confidence that will enable them to see possibilities instead of limitations. Details four Program components: adult literacy, early childhood…

Gelfer, Jeff; Higgins, Kyle; Perkins, Peggy

2001-01-01

129

P.R.I.D.E. People Retraining for Industry Excellence. Final Evaluation. Mercer County Community College National Workplace Literacy Program Grant Period: November 1, 1993-August 31, 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mercer County Community College (New Jersey) and six small businesses used federal grant money to develop a model program of workplace literacy that would assist 600 adult workers with inadequate basic skills in performing their jobs. In analyzing the overall skills of the work force, the literacy audit identified these basic skills/literacy

Mercer County Community Coll., Trenton, NJ.

130

Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collection of articles on adult literacy education includes essays, letters, poetry, interviews, research reports, and discussions of issues in literacy and adult basic education in both developing and developed countries. The first section contains brief articles about programs and initiatives in developing countries, including Madagascar,…

Hinzen, Heribert, Ed.

1988-01-01

131

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL/ENERGY WORKFORCE ASSESSMENT. SOLID WASTE PROGRAMS  

EPA Science Inventory

There are very few solid waste management programs currently being conducted in the United States. There are individual course offerings available at approximately 74 institutions. The criteria utilized for selection of an institution's program in the area of solid waste manageme...

132

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL/ENERGY WORKFORCE ASSESSMENT. POTABLE WATER PROGRAMS  

EPA Science Inventory

The report describes potable water education/training programs which are currently being conducted in 19 states. In total, there are 41 program entries included in this volume. Criteria for selection was limited to the inclusion of at least three potable water courses as requirem...

133

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL/ENERGY WORKFORCE ASSESSMENT. WATER/WASTEWATER PROGRAMS  

EPA Science Inventory

The volume of post-secondary education/training entries presents those programs which are classified as intersecting both environmental areas of potable water and wastewater. Programs categorized as applicable to either potable water or to waste-water, solely, will be found in th...

134

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL/ENERGY WORKFORCE ASSESSMENT. NOISE PROGRAMS  

EPA Science Inventory

The volume includes all identified post-secondary education and/or training programs which have been selected as pertinent to one media-specific area; noise. For ease of handling, the programs are presented in alphabetical order according to the name of the institution. The Appen...

135

Choctaw Workplace Literacy Program. Final Performance Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the final performance report, evaluation, and curriculum from a program that provided basic literacy instruction for employees of Chahta Enterprises in Mississippi. The final report describes development of curriculum materials that matched the reading and math tasks of production and quality control jobs; reading and math…

Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, Philadelphia.

136

Teaching Literacy in Labour Market Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written in competency-based format, this professional development package is targeted at Australian teachers of adult English language, literacy, and numeracy working in labor market programs. The approximately 26-hour-long course aims to increase knowledge of and skills in liaising and negotiating with the Commonwealth Employment Service, labor…

National Staff Development Committee for Vocational Education and Training, Chadstone (Australia).

137

Developing Microcomputer Programs for Early Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through an adaptation of a language experience approach, microcomputer programs were designed to develop the literacy skills of four 4-year-old nursery school children. In order to document the design process, the intervention procedures, and their effects, case studies were made. Instruction was based on a highly interactive strategy with short,…

Moxley, Roy A.; Barry, Pamela J.

138

Enhancing Family Literacy through Collaboration: Program Considerations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents findings from a two-year evaluation of a family literacy program in rural Appalachian Ohio. Demonstrates positive results for both impact/outcome and process objectives. Highlights an extensive network of interpersonal and interagency relationships that maximized resources and supported families as they changed. Suggests the importance of…

Tice, Carolyn J.

2000-01-01

139

PRIMARY SULFATE EMISSION FACTORS FOR THE NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSIONS INVENTORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The report gives results of an estimation of primary sulfate emission factors for use in the 1980 and 1985 National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) emissions inventories. The estimates were developed from an assessment of existing measurements data for source catego...

140

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL/ENERGY WORKFORCE ASSESSMENT. AIR PROGRAMS  

EPA Science Inventory

The directory provides information on post-secondary environmental education programs in the United States. Structured around information requests mailed to post-secondary education institutions, the directory provides the name and address of each institution listed, a contact pe...

141

Final Report of the External Evaluation of England's National Literacy and Numeracy Strategies. Executive Summary: Final Report. Watching & Learning 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Literacy and Numeracy Strategies (NLS and NNS) represent a major government initiative to improve classroom practice and pupil learning in literacy and mathematics in primary schools across England. National targets were intended to increase the percentage of 11-year-olds reaching Level 4 in annual assessments for English and…

Earl, Lorna; Watson, Nancy; Levin, Ben; Leithwood, Ken; Fullan, Michael; Torrance, Nancy

142

Frontiers in Family Learning. A Showcase of Exemplary Family Literacy Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report showcases four programs nationally recognized as leaders in family literacy--each of these programs has participated in a validation process sponsored by the National Diffusion Network (NDN), an agency of the United States Department of Education that disseminates information and training about exemplary educational programs and…

National Center for Family Literacy, Louisville, KY.

143

Assessing Information Literacy Instruction in the Basic Communication Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information literacy is becoming a key component of general education programs nationwide. As a critical part of most general education programs, the basic communication course is on the frontlines of the charge to teach information literacy skills to first-year students. Thus, the information literacy skills of basic course students should be…

Meyer, Kevin R.; Hunt, Stephen K.; Hopper, K. Megan; Thakkar, Kashmira V.; Tsoubakopoulos, Vicky; Van Hoose, Kaylee J.

2008-01-01

144

Literacy in Malta: The National Literacy Survey of Year 5 Pupils (Aged 9-10)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The work reported here is based on the second Malta National Literacy Survey, carried out in March 2002. All Year 5 pupils in Malta were involved and their literacy attainment in both Maltese and English was tested. Two parallel multi-level analyses were carried out, one for Maltese, the other for English. The background variables were; gender,…

Mifsud, Charles; Grech, Rowena; Hutchison, Dougal; Morrison, Jo

2005-01-01

145

National Literacy Trust Survey in Partnership with Nursery World: Investigating Communication, Language and Literacy Development in the Early Years Sector  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In May 2011 "Nursery World" and the National Literacy Trust launched its language development survey to celebrate Hello; the national year of communication. The National Literacy Trust teamed up with "Nursery World" to carry out research into the sector's support for children's language and literacy development. Two hundred twenty one early years…

Halden, Amanda; Clark, Christina; Lewis, Fiona

2011-01-01

146

ESTIMATING THE CONDITION OF GULF OF MEXICO ESTUARIES: NATIONAL COASTAL ASSESSMENT AND NATIONAL ESTUARY PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

Estuaries in the Gulf of Mexico have been monitored since 1991 to determine the condition of water, sediment, and biota. More recently, through the National Coastal Assessment (NCA), U.S. EPA has provided a comprehensive estimate of the condition of U.S. estuaries, including a re...

147

Literacy for Living Conference Papers. Australian Council for Adult Literacy National Conference (12th, Brisbane, Australia, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 43 papers on many aspects of adult literacy: "Literacy, Human Rights and Equality of Opportunity" (Einfeld); "Overcoming Illiteracy" (Marquet); "The Literacy Issue" (Crocker); "Literacy and Civil Liberties" (O'Gorman); "Designing a Tutor Training Program for Tutors of ESL" (Bowyer); "Catch the Spirit" (Stephens); "Reading,…

Norton, Marian, Ed.

148

Developing Early Literacy: Report of the National Early Literacy Panel. A Scientific Synthesis of Early Literacy Development and Implications for Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Early Literacy Panel (NELP) was appointed in 2002 and carried out its work under the auspices of the National Center for Family Literacy (NCFL). NELP's primary goal was to identify interventions, parenting activities, and instructional practices that promote the development of children's early literacy skills. The National Institute…

National Institute for Literacy, 2008

2008-01-01

149

Show Me Family Literacy! Missouri's Guide for Establishing Family Literacy Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to lead program planners through the course of building and implementing a family literacy program. It provides planning teams with an orientation to a four-component model of family literacy, community resources, planning strategies, examples of programs in Missouri, recent research findings, case study vignettes, and…

Levesque, Jeri; Hinton, Karen

150

National Water-Quality Assessment Program - The Upper Mississippi River Basin  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 1991, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), U.S. Department of the Interior, began a National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) program. The long-term goals of the NAWQA program are to describe the status and trends of the quality of a large, representative part of the Nation?s surfaceand ground-water resources, and to identify the natural and human factors that affect the quality of these resources. Factors such as geomorphology, climate, hydrology, land use, and land cover that affect water-quality, are being studied relative to specific water-quality issues that affect large hydrologic regions of the United States. In addressing these goals, the NAWQA program will produce water-quality information that will be useful to policy makers and managers at the National, State, and local levels. Because it would be impractical to assess the water quality in the entire Nation, major activities of the NAWQA program take place within a set of hydrologic systems called study units. Study units at 60 locations comprise diverse hydrologic systems of river basins, aquifer systems, or both, ranging in size from 1,000 mi2 (square miles) to more than 60,000 mi2. These study units collectively encompass about 45 percent of the land area in the conterminous United States and represent 60 to 70 percent of the Nation?s water use and population served by public water supply.

Stark, J. R.

1994-01-01

151

Assessing and Addressing Students' Scientific Literacy Needs in Physical Geology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Exacting excellence equally from university students around the globe can be accomplished by providing all students with necessary background tools to achieve mastery of their courses, even if those tools are not part of normal content. As instructors we hope to see our students grasp the substance of our courses, make mental connections between course material and practical applications, and use this knowledge to make informed decisions as citizens. Yet many educators have found that students enter university-level introductory courses in mathematics, science and engineering without adequate academic preparation. As part of a FIPSE-funded project at the University of Wyoming, the instructors of the Physical Geology course have taken a new approach to tackling the problem of lack of scientific/mathematic skills in incoming students. Instead of assuming that students should already know or will learn these skills on their own, they assess students' needs and provide them the opportunity to master scientific literacies as they learn geologic content. In the introductory geology course, instructors identified two categories of literacies, or basic skills that are necessary for academic success and citizen participation. Fundamental literacies include performing simple quantitative calculations, making qualitative assessments, and reading and analyzing tables and graphs. Technical literacies are those specific to understanding geology, and comprise the ability to read maps, visualize changes through time, and conceptualize in three dimensions. Because these skills are most easily taught in lab, the in-house lab manual was rewritten to be both literacy- and content-based. Early labs include simple exercises addressing literacies in the context of geological science, and each subsequent lab repeats exposure to literacies, but at increasing levels of difficulty. Resources available to assist students with literacy mastery include individual instruction, a detailed appendix to the lab manual explaining simple tasks such as converting units, and web-based resources. To document the progress of this program, students take pre- and post-course surveys assessing their grasp of the literacies. The surveys gather data on demographics, background, level of interest, level of confidence, understanding, and willingness to complete additional problem sets. This information has been integral in identifying areas of greatest weakness, least interest, and in gauging how backgrounds, expectations, and students' confidence affect their performance.

Campbell-Stone, E. A.; Myers, J. D.

2005-12-01

152

Direct Assessment of Information Literacy Using Writing Portfolios  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An investigation into the effectiveness of information literacy instruction for undergraduates at a technological university suggested some deficiencies in students' information literacy skills. Also shown is that a careful and rigorous approach to assessment can provide the basis for improvement.

Scharf, Davida; Elliot, Norbert; Huey, Heather A.; Briller, Vladimir; Joshi, Kamal

2007-01-01

153

Assessing Pre-Service Teachers' Environmental Literacy in Turkey as a Mean to Develop Teacher Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigates environmental literacy of pre-service teachers at one of the largest public universities in Turkey. The research evaluates the relationship of pre-service teachers' environmental knowledge, attitude, and concerns of their interests in environmental problems, involving outdoor activities, parents' interest and involvement in…

Tuncer, Gaye; Tekkaya, Ceren; Sungur, Semra; Cakiroglu, Jale; Ertepinar, Hamide; Kaplowitz, Michael

2009-01-01

154

A summary of the U.S. Geological Survey National Water-Quality Assessment program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Beginning in 1986, the Congress appropriated funds for the U.S. Geological Survey to test and refine concepts for a National Water Quality Assessment Program. At present, the program is in a pilot phase with field studies occurring in seven areas around the Nation. In 1990, a committee of the National Academy of Sciences will complete an evaluation of the design and potential utility of the program. A decision about moving to full-scale implementation will be made upon completion of this evaluation. The program is intended to address a wide range of national water quality issues that include chemical contamination, acidification, eutrophication, salinity, sedimentation, and sanitary quality. The goals of the program are to: (1) provide nationally consistent descriptions of current water quality conditions for a large part of the Nation 's water resources; (2) define long-term trends (or lack of trends) in water quality; and (3) identify and describe the relations of both current conditions and trends in water quality to natural and human factors. This information will be provided to water managers, policy makers, and the public to provide an improved scientific basis for evaluating the effectiveness of water quality management programs and for predicting the likely effects of contemplated changes in land- and water-management practices. (USGS)

Hirsch, R. M.; Alley, W. M.; Wilber, W. G.

1988-01-01

155

Building Sustainable Adult Literacy Provision: A Review of International Trends in Adult Literacy Policy and Programs. Support Document  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this report was to analyze, through a desktop audit, international trends in adult literacy policy and programs. The audit includes an examination of the significant research undertaken, and policy statements made by international institutions such as the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), the…

McKenna, Rosa; Fitzpatrick, Lynne

2004-01-01

156

Year 5 Booster Units. The National Literacy Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The eight units of work in this document are designed to complement existing literacy booster units. Each unit is based on teaching objectives from the National Literacy Strategy Framework. They have been produced with the help of Year 5 teachers and have been trialled with pupils in a range of schools. The units support teachers' work with Year 5…

Department for Education and Employment, London (England).

157

The National Literacy Strategy and Pupils with Special Educational Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the application of Britain's National Literacy Strategy for pupils with special educational needs, especially the additional guidance recently published which suggests ways of including these students in the "literacy hour" or conducting "parallel" groups. Continuing questions raised by teachers of students with severe or profound and…

Byers, Richard

1999-01-01

158

National Water-Quality Assessment Program--Southern High Plains, Texas and New Mexico  

USGS Publications Warehouse

BACKGROUND In 1991, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) began a National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) program. The long-term goals of the NAWQA program are to describe the status of, and trends in, the quality of a large, representative part of the Nation's surface- and ground-water resources and to identify the major natural and human factors that affect the quality of these resources. In addressing these goals, the program will produce a wealth of water-quality information that will be useful to policy makers and managers at the National, State, and local levels. The NAWQA program emphasis is on regional water-quality problems. The program will not diminish the need for smaller studies and monitoring designed and currently being conducted by Federal, State, and local agencies to meet their individual needs. The NAWQA program, however, will provide a large-scale framework for conducting many of these activities and an understanding about National and regional water-quality conditions that cannot be acquired from individual, small-scale programs and studies. Studies of 60 hydrologic systems that include parts of most major river basins and aquifer systems (study-unit investigations) are the building blocks of the National assessment. The 60 study units range in size from 1,000 mi 2 (square miles) to more than 60,000 mi 2 and represent 60 to 70 percent of the Nation's water use and population served by public water supplies. Twenty study-unit investigations were started in 1991, 20 additional are starting in 1994, and 20 more are planned to start in 1997. The Southern High Plains study unit was selected as one of 20 study units to begin assessment activities in 1994. This study will be run from the New Mexico District office of the USGS in Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Woodward, Dennis G.; Diniz, Cecilia G.

1994-01-01

159

The Physics of Designing an Integrated Physics Information Literacy Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research shows that undergraduate physics majors do not receive adequate information literacy instruction. At Miami University we have a very strong undergraduate physics program, especially for schools without a corresponding PhD program. Despite its strengths, the information literacy instruction for the program's undergraduates is not on par with the quality of the rest of the program. This article discusses the

Meghan K. Gamsby

2010-01-01

160

Project GOLD: Growth Opportunities through Learning & Doing, Performance Reporting Period, November 1, 1996-February 28, 1998. National Workplace Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project "Growth Opportunities through Learning and Doing" (GOLD), Seminole Community College's basic skills update program, enrolled 107 students at 2 manufacturing facilities from April 1995-February 1998. Employees from Siemens Telecom Network (formerly known as Siemens Stromberg-Carlson) studied offsite in a classroom equipped with 10 computers…

Seminole Community Coll., Sanford, FL.

161

Alternative Designs for Evaluating Workplace Literacy Programs. Conference Proceedings and Commissioned Papers at the "Design Guidance for Evaluating Workplace Literacy Programs" Work Group Conference (Washington, D.C. April 13, 1993).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the five papers presented at a meeting at which key issues in evaluating workplace literacy programs were discussed. In "Key Components of Workplace Liteacy Projects and Definitions of Project 'Modules,'" Judith A. Alamprese describes the context for evaluating the National Extension Program, components of workplace literacy

Research Triangle Inst., Research Triangle Park, NC.

162

A PHOENIX RISING: ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT PROGRAM AND THE COASTAL 2000 NATIONAL SURVEY  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of the Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program-Coastal Resources is to estimate the current status, extent, changes, and trends in ecological indicators of the condition of the nation's coastal resources (intertidal, subtidal, and offshore) on a regional and n...

163

AREA SOURCE ESTIMATES FOR THE 1985 NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSIONS INVENTORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper discusses the revised area source methodologies used by the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) and EPA's Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards (OAQPS) to generate the emissions estimates found in the 1985 NAPAP Emissions Inventory. The informa...

164

ANTHROPOGENIC EMISSIONS DATA FOR THE 1985 NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) INVENTORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The report documents the development of the anthropogenic emissions estimates to be used in the 1985 National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) Emissions Inventory. Point and area source data, spanning the contiguous U.S., focus on the NAPAP high priority pollutants S...

165

AREA SOURCE DOCUMENTATION FOR THE 1985 NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM INVENTORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The report provides, to states and other participants and users of the 1985 National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program Emissions Inventory, a general understanding of the estimating procedures that will be used by NAPAP and EPA's Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards t...

166

VOC (VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND EMISSION FACTORS FOR THE NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSION INVENTORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The report gives results of the generation of emission factors for volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions for a number of source classification categories (SCCs), as part of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP). Each SCC represents a process or function t...

167

ASSISTANCE TO STATES IN PREPARING 1985 NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSIONS INVENTORY SUBMITTALS  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper describes the coordinated effort undertaken by the U.S. EPA to provide resources to the states for the delivery of a high quality emissions inventory within the schedule set by the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP), and will be of interest to indivi...

168

DEVELOPMENT OF THE 1980 NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSIONS INVENTORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The report documents the development of the 1980 National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) Emissions Inventory. The current version of the annual inventory, Version 5.0, and the related Version 5.2 Eulerian Modeling Inventory and Version 5.3 Regional Oxidant Modeling...

169

National Forum on Information Literacy: Summary of the May 21, 1999 Meeting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report of the May, 1999 meeting of the National Forum on Information Literacy highlights the following topics: (1) activities of FOCAS (Forum on Communications and Society), a CEO-level body within the Communications and Society Program of the Aspen Institute; (2) the National Research Council Report, "Being Fluent with Information…

National Forum on Information Literacy, Chicago, IL.

170

Adolescent Literacy Intervention Programs: Chart and Program Review Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, I describe characteristics of programs developed for adolescents who are struggling with literacy. The paper references both a chart I developed to compare and contrast those characteristics and a review guide I created to help schools make principled decisions when choosing programs for use with their students. The chart and the…

Shanahan, Cynthia

2005-01-01

171

Promoting Preschool Literacy: A Family Literacy Program for Homeless Mothers and Their Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literacy programs often target preschool children who are from minority groups, are from low socioeconomic backgrounds, and are second language learners, as they are deemed to be at risk for academic difficulties. The family literacy program described in this article is unique in that it focuses on families who have an additional risk…

Di Santo, Aurelia

2012-01-01

172

The College of Education Family Literacy Program: Exploring the Literacy Experiences of Latino Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study presents the results of a fifteen-month research project conducted with a group of Latina (Mexicana) immigrant mothers who took part in an after-school family literacy program that was grounded in a participatory approach to education. This family literacy program emphasized a "strengths" perspective by acknowledging the rich resources…

Fessinger, Rosemary Kubiak

2009-01-01

173

Improving the Nation's Climate Literacy through the Next Generation Science Standards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Climate Literacy: The Essential Principles of Climate Science (2009) presented the information that is deemed important for individuals and communities to know and understand about Earth's climate, impacts of climate change, and approaches to adaptation or mitigation by a group of federal agencies, science and educational partners. These principles guided the development of the NRC Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas (2012) and the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS, 2013). National Science Foundation recently funded two partnership projects which support the implementation of the climate component of the NGSS using the Climate Literacy framework. The first project, the Climate Literacy and Energy Awareness Network (CLEAN), was launched in 2010 as a National Science Digital Library (NSDL) Pathways project. CLEAN's primary effort is to steward a collection of educational resources around energy and climate topics and foster a community that supports learning about climate and energy topics. CLEAN's focus has been to integrate the effective use of the educational resources across all grade levels - with a particular focus on the middle-school through undergraduate levels (grades 6-16) and align the resources with educational standards. The second project, the Maryland and Delaware Climate Change Education, Assessment and Research (MADE-CLEAR) program is supported by a Phase II Climate Change Education Partnership (CCEP) grant awarded to the University System of Maryland (USM) by the National Science Foundation. The MADE-CLEAR project's related goals are to support innovations in interdisciplinary P-20 (preschool through graduate school) climate change education, and develop new pathways for teacher education and professional development leading to expertise in climate change content and pedagogy. Work in Maryland, Delaware (MADE-CLEAR) and other states on the implementation of the NGSS, that will utilize the years of work, the efforts of hundreds of community members and tens of millions of dollars of investment and to increase the nations climate literacy, will be highlighted. We will particularly focus on the partnerships among MADE-CLEAR, NOAA and CLEAN. Climate science and energy are complex topics, with rapidly developing science and technology and the potential for controversy. The NGSS offer educators an opportunity to effectively bring these important subjects into their classrooms across a learning progression spanning K-12 and well beyond. Yet regardless of the pedagogic setting, using a literacy-based approach can provide a sound foundation for building learners' understanding of these topics. In this presentation, we will describe contributions by a group of collaborative projects and organizations to support the NGSS implementation through an integrated Earth system science approach in K-12 education.

Grogan, M.; Niepold, F.; Ledley, T. S.; Gold, A. U.; Breslyn, W. G.; Carley, S.

2013-12-01

174

Evaluation of the Australian MoneyMinded Financial Literacy Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The issue of raising consumer financial literacy is a major initiative across a range of countries. A key dimension of financial literacy programs is the systematic evaluation of their effectiveness. One element of such evaluation involves participant rating of program effectiveness. An issue in the modelling of such data is that participants typically rate multiple elements of the program, and

Tim R. L. Fry; Sandra Mihajilo; Roslyn Russell; Robert Brooks

2006-01-01

175

Marketing Your Adult Literacy Program: A "How To" Manual. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a training module designed to help adult literacy program providers in New York and elsewhere to use the principles of social marketing to improve recruitment and retention in adult education programming. Literacy program providers are taught to view the social marketing process as a process of exchange between themselves as…

Smith, Barbara E.

176

Promising effects of an intervention: Young children’s literacy gains and changes in their home literacy activities from a bilingual family literacy program in Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this paper was to examine promising effects of a bilingual family literacy program: to track the changes of families’\\u000a literacy activities through a bilingual family literacy intervention, and to examine the children literacy gains in both Chinese\\u000a and English across socioeconomic sub-groups. The intervention was an eight-week, two hours per week, literacy program in three\\u000a Chinese communities

Jing Zhang; Janette Pelletier; Antoinette Doyle

2010-01-01

177

Sustaining Myths, Necessary Illusions, and National Literacy Policies: Some U.S. and U.K. Comparisons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses similarities and differences in government policies on literacy in the United Kingdom and the United States and the culture of mistrust that has contributed to governments taking increasing control of education. Transatlantic trends in the areas of national literacy standards, curriculum, and assessment are discussed in…

Harrison, Colin

2006-01-01

178

Preliminary assessment report for National Guard Facility, Installation 25255, Rehoboth, Massachusetts. Installation Restoration Program  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of the preliminary assessment (PA) conducted by Argonne National Laboratory at the Massachusetts Army National Guard (MAARNG) property known as the Rehoboth National Guard Facility (RNGF) in Rehoboth, Massachusetts. Preliminary assessments of federal facilities are being conducted to compile the information necessary for completing preremedial activities and to provide a basis for establishing corrective actions in response to releases of hazardous substances. The principal objective of the PA is to characterize the site accurately and determine the need for ftirther action by examining site activities, quantities of hazardous substances present, and potential pathways by which contamination could affect public health and the environment. This PA satisfies, for the RNGF property, phase I of the Department of Defense Installation Restoration Program (IRP). The scope of this assessment is limited to the facilities under the control of the MAARNG and the past activities contained within that area.

Haffenden, R.; Flaim, S.; Krokosz, M.

1993-08-01

179

Critical Media Literacy: TV Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Television programming has a huge impact on the lives of children. This lesson focuses on the stereotypical and racial messages that are portrayed through television programming with a focus on situational comedies. During the four 45-minute lessons, grade 6-8 students will: analyze portrayals of different groups of people in the media;…

Henry, Laurie

180

The effects of a community-based literacy program on young children's language and conceptual development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effects of a community-based literacy program on 1?, 2?, and 3-year-old children's language and conceptual development were\\u000a assessed. University students were trained to teach Head Start parents effective methods for reading to their children. Families\\u000a were randomly assigned to receive 18, 3, or 0 instructional visits. Results indicated that parents in the 18-instructional-visit\\u000a program increased their participation in appropriate literacy

Terry A. Cronan; Sonia G. Cruz; Rosa I. Arriaga; Andrew J. Sarkin

1996-01-01

181

Learning for Life: The Role of Adult Literacy and Numeracy in Lifelong Learning and Socio-Economic Well-Being. Executive Summary of the ALNARC National Research Program, 2001-2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2001-2002, the Adult Literacy and Numeracy Australian Research Consortium conducted 26 national investigations with findings in the following areas: (1) population competence; (2) linking literacy and numeracy into training; (3) professional support for educators and trainers; and (4) policy and systemic issues. All the projects were intended…

Shore, Sue; Searle, Jean; Falk, Ian; Johnston, Betty; Ovens, Carolyn; Riddell, Christine

182

An Evaluability Assessment of the Toyota Families in Schools Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Toyota Families in Schools (TFS) Program is a new family literacy initiative that was developed by the National Center for Family Literacy (NCFL) with support from the Toyota Motor Corporation. TFS is based on a previous NCFL model calling for providing literacy activities to preschoolers and parents from low-income families. NCFL wanted to…

Quint, Janet

183

The aurora, Mars, and more! Increasing science content in elementary grades through art and literacy programs in earth and space science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although reading, writing, and math examinations are often conducted early in elementary school, science is not typically tested until 4th or 5th grade. The result is a refocus on the tested topics at the expense of the untested ones, despite that standards exist for each topic at all grades. On a national level, science instruction is relegated to a matter of a few hours per week. A 2007 Education Policy study states that elementary school students spend an average of 178 minutes a week on science while spending 500 minutes on literacy. A recent NSTA report in July of elementary and middle school teachers confirms that teachers feel pressured to teach math and literacy at the expense of other programs. One unintended result is that teachers in grades where science is tested must play catch-up with students for them to be successful on the assessment. A unique way to combat the lack of science instruction at elementary grades is to combine literacy, social studies, and math into an integrated science program, thereby increasing the number of science contact hours. The Dancing Lights program, developed at the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, is a science, art, and literacy program about the aurora designed to easily fit into a typical 3rd-5th grade instructional day. It mirrors other successful literacy programs and will provide a basis for the literacy program being developed for the upcoming MAVEN mission to Mars. We will present early findings, as well as "lessons learned" during our development and implementation of the Dancing Lights program and will highlight our goals for the MAVEN mission literacy program.

Renfrow, S.; Wood, E. L.

2011-12-01

184

Literacy Assessment: A Collection of Articles from the Australian Literacy Educators' Association.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers 19 articles, published between 1992 and 2002 by the Australian Literacy Educators' Association, that present diverse viewpoints related to literacy assessment and reporting practices. Following an Introduction, articles in the book are: "Understanding the Influences on Teachers' Judgments in the Process of Assessing and Reporting…

Fehring, Heather, Ed.

185

Learning while Earning: Worksite Literacy Programs. Foresight: Model Programs for Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes four successful and innovative workplace-based literacy programs in the South. The first is a joint program for city municipal workers between the U.S. Naval Air Station in Memphis, Tennessee and the Memphis Literacy Coalition (Project Literacy-Memphis, Inc.). The second is a program at North Carolina State University in…

Rosenfeld, Stuart A.; And Others

186

Second Evaluation of the Improving Literacy through School Libraries Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Improving Literacy through School Libraries (LSL) program was established under Title I, Part B, Subpart 4 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB). The purpose of the program is to improve the literacy skills and academic achievement of students by providing them with increased…

Michie, Joan S.; Chaney, Bradford W.

2009-01-01

187

Methods for collecting benthic invertebrate samples as part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Benthic invertebrate communities are evaluated as part of the ecological survey component of the U.S. Geological Survey's National Water-Quality Assessment Program. These biological data are collected along with physical and chemical data to assess water-quality conditions and to develop an understanding of the factors that affect water-quality conditions locally, regionally, and nationally. The objectives of benthic invertebrate community characterizations are to (1) develop for each site a list of tax a within the associated stream reach and (2) determine the structure of benthic invertebrate communities within selected habitats of that reach. A nationally consistent approach is used to achieve these objectives. This approach provides guidance on site, reach, and habitat selection and methods and equipment for qualitative multihabitat sampling and semi-quantitative single habitat sampling. Appropriate quality-assurance and quality-control guidelines are used to maximize the ability to analyze data within and among study units.

Cuffney, Thomas F.; Gurtz, Martin E.; Meador, Michael R.

1993-01-01

188

The Influence of Maternal Health Literacy and Child's Age on Participation in Social Welfare Programs.  

PubMed

The objective of this study is to determine the influence of maternal health literacy and child's age on participation in social welfare programs benefiting children. In a longitudinal prospective cohort study of 560 Medicaid-eligible mother-infant dyads recruited in Philadelphia, maternal health literacy was assessed using the test of functional health literacy in adults (short version). Participation in social welfare programs [Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF), Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), child care subsidy, and public housing] was self-reported at child's birth, and at the 6, 12, 18, 24 month follow-up interviews. Generalized estimating equations quantified the strength of maternal health literacy as an estimator of program participation. The mothers were primarily African-Americans (83 %), single (87 %), with multiple children (62 %). Nearly 24 % of the mothers had inadequate or marginal health literacy. Children whose mothers had inadequate health literacy were less likely to receive child care subsidy (adjusted OR = 0.54, 95 % CI 0.34-0.85) than children whose mothers had adequate health literacy. Health literacy was not a significant predictor for TANF, SNAP, WIC or housing assistance. The predicted probability for participation in all programs decreased from birth to 24 months. Most notably, predicted WIC participation declined rapidly after age one. During the first 24 months, mothers with inadequate health literacy could benefit from simplified or facilitated child care subsidy application processes. Targeted outreach and enrollment efforts conducted by social welfare programs need to take into account the changing needs of families as children age. PMID:23990157

Pati, Susmita; Siewert, Elizabeth; Wong, Angie T; Bhatt, Suraj K; Calixte, Rose E; Cnaan, Avital

2014-07-01

189

Pollution prevention opportunity assessment for Sandia National Laboratories/California recycling programs.  

SciTech Connect

This Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment (PPOA) was conducted for the Sandia National Laboratories/California (SNL/CA) Environmental Management Department between May 2006 and March 2007, to evaluate the current site-wide recycling program for potential opportunities to improve the efficiency of the program. This report contains a summary of the information collected and analyses performed with recommended options for implementation. The SNL/NM Pollution Prevention (P2) staff worked with the SNL/CA P2 Staff to arrive at these options.

Wrons, Ralph Jordan; Vetter, Douglas Walter

2007-07-01

190

Preparing for the Plunge: Preservice Teachers' Assessment Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a framework of assessment literacy that included principles, tools, and purposes, this study explored the assessment literacy of 11 secondary preservice teachers. Participants' journals, teaching philosophies, and inquiry-based science units served as data sources. We examined how the preservice teachers understood assessment tools as well…

Siegel, Marcelle A.; Wissehr, Cathy

2011-01-01

191

Guiding Questions for Assessing Information Literacy in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Librarians throughout higher education must assess information literacy; however, many are overwhelmed by the prospect of selecting the best assessment for their campus context. This article presents six questions to aid librarians in surmounting this challenge. Are we ready to conduct an information literacy assessment? Why are we conducting this…

Oakleaf, Megan; Kaske, Neal

2009-01-01

192

Pennsylvania's Family Literacy Programs: Results of a Statewide Evaluation, 1999-2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pennsylvania's family literacy programs were subjected to a statewide evaluation in 1999-2000. Data were collected through focus groups with parents, a survey of staff in community agencies and organizations, and analyses of program data and the findings of selected assessments administered to adults and children involved in the program.…

Van Horn, Barbara; Kassab, Cathy; Grinder, Elisabeth

193

Revised Methods for Characterizing Stream Habitat in the National Water-Quality Assessment Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Stream habitat is characterized in the U.S. Geological Survey's National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program as part of an integrated physical, chemical, and biological assessment of the Nation's water quality. The goal of stream habitat characterization is to relate habitat to other physical, chemical, and biological factors that describe water-quality conditions. To accomplish this goal, environmental settings are described at sites selected for water-quality assessment. In addition, spatial and temporal patterns in habitat are examined at local, regional, and national scales. This habitat protocol contains updated methods for evaluating habitat in NAWQA Study Units. Revisions are based on lessons learned after 6 years of applying the original NAWQA habitat protocol to NAWQA Study Unit ecological surveys. Similar to the original protocol, these revised methods for evaluating stream habitat are based on a spatially hierarchical framework that incorporates habitat data at basin, segment, reach, and microhabitat scales. This framework provides a basis for national consistency in collection techniques while allowing flexibility in habitat assessment within individual Study Units. Procedures are described for collecting habitat data at basin and segment scales; these procedures include use of geographic information system data bases, topographic maps, and aerial photographs. Data collected at the reach scale include channel, bank, and riparian characteristics.

Fitzpatrick, Faith A.; Waite, Ian R.; D'Arconte, Patricia J.; Meador, Michael R.; Maupin, Molly A.; Gurtz, Martin E.

1998-01-01

194

Reframe, Rename, Revitalise: Future Directions for the Language, Literacy and Numeracy National Reporting System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Reporting System (NRS) was developed to report the outcomes of English language, literacy and numeracy provision in Australia's vocational education and training and adult and community education sectors, and in labour market programs. Since its introduction, however, the NRS has been used as more than a reporting tool. It has also…

Perkins, Kate

2005-01-01

195

34 CFR 464.1 - What is the State Literacy Resource Centers Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...local organizations to provide literacy services; and (c) Serve...the National Institute for Literacy and service providers for the purpose of sharing information, data, research, and expertise and literacy resources....

2013-07-01

196

Summary results of an assessment of research projects in the national photovoltaics program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Photovoltaics Technology Division of the Department of Energy (DOE) is responsible for the management of the National Photovoltaics (PV) Program. This program sponsors research and development in photovoltaics energy technology. The program is designed to facilitate accumulation of a base of scientific and technical data and experience from which private enterprise can choose options for further development and competitive application in electrical markets in the United States. At request of the Director, Photovoltaics Technology Division, the Office Program Analysis (OPA) undertook an assessment of 129 projects managed by his Division. The primary objective of the assessment was to obtain a measure of the quality of the research or development in each project. Each panel consisted of five to eight scientific or technical reviewers collectively knowledgeable in all of the photovoltaics energy technology areas touched on by the projects being assessed. The purpose of this assessment was to obtain sufficient information for DOE managers to determine the following: what quality research sponsored by the Photovoltaics Technology Division, is represented by its individual projects; what the impact of individual projects is within the Photovoltaic Technology Division on the mission of Solar Renewables; and what the priority research targets and opportunities for future sponsorship are.

1990-03-01

197

75 FR 4833 - National Protection and Programs Directorate; Assessment Questionnaire-Voluntary Chemical...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Voluntary Chemical Assessment Tool (VCAT) AGENCY: National...Voluntary Chemical Assessment Tool (VCAT). DHS previously...forms of information technology, e.g., permitting...automated assessment tool for voluntary use by...assessments, response planning, and risk...

2010-01-29

198

A Parent Training Early Intervention Program in Preschool Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project investigating the effects on parent attitudes and child performance of a planned parent intervention program stressing specific parent training in literacy concepts and practices was undertaken with lower socioeconomic group families with children aged three to five. The parents attended four workshops emphasizing aspects of literacy

Lujan, Mary Estelle; And Others

199

Starlite Workplace Literacy Program. Final Closeout Performance Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Star Team Acquiring Rewards in Literacy and Insights Through Education (STARLITE) program was implemented to improve the job proficiency of employees at the Pacific Star Hotel, Guam. Its goal was to provide employees with both workplace literacy skills and employability skills. An audit was completed in each department of the hotel. Modules…

Reyes, Lolita C.

200

Federal Financial and Economic Literacy Education Programs, 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Financial literacy--the ability to use knowledge and skills to manage financial resources effectively for a lifetime of financial well-being--is becoming more and more important as individuals and families become increasingly responsible for their own long-term financial well-being. Financial and economic literacy education programs have been…

Hung, Angela A.; Mihaly, Kata; Yoong, Joanne K.

2010-01-01

201

Transitions: A Mental Health Literacy Program for Postsecondary Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Enhancement of mental health literacy is a mental health promotion strategy that may be effective at destigmatizing mental illness and increasing self-seeking behavior. Transitions is a mental health literacy program intended to heighten students' awareness and discussion of mental health problems and promote help-seeking behaviors. Transitions…

Potvin-Boucher, Jacqueline; Szumilas, Magdalena; Sheikh, Tabinda; Kutcher, Stan

2010-01-01

202

Project EXCEL: Hotel Workers Literacy Enhancement Program. Final Performance Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project EXCEL is a federally-funded workplace literacy program involving hotel enterprises in the San Francisco (California) Bay area. Its focus is on identification and instruction of literacy skills essential to job success for limited-English-proficient (LEP) workers. Training is intended to enable employees to understand written work orders,…

Career Resources Development Center, Inc., San Francisco, CA.

203

The National Early Literacy Panel: A Summary of the Process and the Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarizes "Developing Early Literacy: Report of the National Early Literacy Panel," which was published in 2008.That report provides an extensive meta-analysis of approximately 300 studies showing which early literacy measures correlate with later literacy achievement. It also provides a series of meta-analyses of a comprehensive…

Shanahan, Timothy; Lonigan, Christopher J.

2010-01-01

204

Practical assessment of adult literacy in health care.  

PubMed

Low literacy is a pervasive and underrecognized problem in health care Approximately 21% of American adults are functionally illiterate, and another 27% have marginal literacy skills. Such patients may have difficulty reading and understanding discharge instructions, medication labels, patient education materials, consent forms, or health surveys. Properly assessing the literacy level of individual patients or groups may avoid problems in clinical care and research. This article reviews the use of literacy assessments, discusses their application in a variety of health care settings, and cites issues providers need to consider before testing. The authors describe informal and formal methods of screening for reading and comprehension in English and Spanish including the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine, the Wide Range Achievement Test-3, the Cloze procedure, the Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults, and others. Practical implications and recommendations for specific use are made. PMID:9768381

Davis, T C; Michielutte, R; Askov, E N; Williams, M V; Weiss, B D

1998-10-01

205

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Science and Engineering Apprentice Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Science and Engineering Apprentice Program for high school students is one of NASA's many efforts toward a goal of scientific literacy. It embraces science, mathematics, and technology as keys to purpose...

1997-01-01

206

Revised Protocols for Sampling Algal, Invertebrate, and Fish Communities as Part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Algal, invertebrate, and fish communities are characterized as part of ecological studies in the U.S. Geological Survey.s National Water-Quality Assessment Program. Information from these ecological studies, together with chemical and physical data, provide an integrated assessment of water quality at local, regional, and national scales. Analysis and interpretation of water-quality data at these various geographic scales require accurate and consistent application of sampling protocols and sample-processing procedures. This report revises and unifies into a single document the algal, invertebrate, and fish community sampling protocols used in the National Water-Quality Assessment Program.

Moulton, Stephen R., II; Kennen, Jonathan G.; Goldstein, Robert M.; Hambrook, Julie A.

2002-01-01

207

Early Literacy Policy: National and Local Instantiations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the political, social, and cultural contexts of current early literacy federal policies in the United States. Building upon existing critiques of the policy and its epistemological stances, this paper first analyses the planning and discussion surrounding the introduction of the policy to state leaders and also how it is first…

Stevens, Lisa Patel

2004-01-01

208

Design of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program; occurrence and distribution of water-quality conditions  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The National Water-Quality Assessment Program assesses the status of and trends in the quality of the Nation's ground- and surface-water resources. The occurrence and distribution assessment component characterizes broad-scale water-quality conditions in relation to major contaminant sources and background conditions in each study area. The surface-water design focuses on streams. The ground-water design focuses on major aquifers, with emphasis on recently recharged ground water associated with human activities.

Gilliom, Robert J.; Alley, William M.; Gurtz, Martin E.

1995-01-01

209

Tobacco Assessment in Actively Accruing National Cancer Institute Cooperative Group Program Clinical Trials  

PubMed Central

Purpose Substantial evidence suggests that tobacco use has adverse effects on cancer treatment outcomes; however, routine assessment of tobacco use has not been fully incorporated into standard clinical oncology practice. The purpose of this study was to evaluate tobacco use assessment in patients enrolled onto actively accruing cancer clinical trials. Methods Protocols and forms for 155 actively accruing trials in the National Cancer Institute's (NCI's) Clinical Trials Cooperative Group Program were evaluated for tobacco use assessment at enrollment and follow-up by using a structured coding instrument. Results Of the 155 clinical trials reviewed, 45 (29%) assessed any form of tobacco use at enrollment, but only 34 (21.9%) assessed current cigarette use. Only seven trials (4.5%) assessed any form of tobacco use during follow-up. Secondhand smoke exposure was captured in 2.6% of trials at enrollment and 0.6% during follow-up. None of the trials assessed nicotine dependence or interest in quitting at any point during enrollment or treatment. Tobacco status assessment was higher in lung/head and neck trials as well as phase III trials, but there was no difference according to year of starting accrual or cooperative group. Conclusion Most actively accruing cooperative group clinical trials do not assess tobacco use, and there is no observable trend in improvement over the past 8 years. Failure to incorporate standardized tobacco assessments into NCI-funded Cooperative Group Clinical Trials will limit the ability to provide evidence-based cessation support and will limit the ability to accurately understand the precise effect of tobacco use on cancer treatment outcomes.

Peters, Erica N.; Torres, Essie; Toll, Benjamin A.; Cummings, K. Michael; Gritz, Ellen R.; Hyland, Andrew; Herbst, Roy S.; Marshall, James R.; Warren, Graham W.

2012-01-01

210

Historic Australian Conceptualisations of English, Literacy and Multimodality in Policy and Curriculum and Conflicts with Educational Accountability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attainment of functional English literacy skills by all students has been a focus of Australian national policy since the 1989 Hobart Declaration (MCEETYA, 1989). This focus underpins current educational accountability policy enacted through the National Assessment Program-Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN). The Adelaide and Melbourne Declarations…

Cumming, Joy; Kimber, Kay; Wyatt-Smith, Claire

2011-01-01

211

Myth and Misguided Faith? Women's Experiences in a Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inductive analysis of the stories of five Mexican-American women in a literacy program resulted in a framework of myths or misperceptions that proceeds through stages of consciousness from magical to naive to critical. (Contains 41 references.) (SK)

Rumann, Susan Marie; Chavez, Rudolfo Chavez

2001-01-01

212

Assessment of Health Literacy and Numeracy Among Spanish-Speaking Parents of Young Children: Validation of the Spanish Parental Health Literacy Activities Test (PHLAT Spanish)  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo assess the health literacy and numeracy skills of Spanish-speaking parents of young children and to validate a new Spanish language health literacy assessment for parents, the Spanish Parental Health Literacy Activities Test (PHLAT Spanish).

H. Shonna Yin; Lee M. Sanders; Russell L. Rothman; Alan L. Mendelsohn; Benard P. Dreyer; Richard O. White; Joanne P. Finkle; Stefania Prendes; Eliana M. Perrin

213

Reading profiles for adults with low-literacy: Cluster analysis with power and speeded measures  

PubMed Central

The United States’ National Institute for Literacy’s (NIFL) review of adult literacy instruction research recommended adult education (AE) programs assess underlying reading abilities in order to plan appropriate instruction for low-literacy learners. This study developed adult reading ability groups using measures from power tests and speeded tests of phonemic decoding, word recognition, fluency, and comprehension. A multiple cluster analysis of these reading ability scores from 295 low-literacy AE participants yielded seven reading ability groups. These groups are described in terms of instructional needs relevant to an instructor’s planning and activities.

Mellard, Daryl F.; Fall, Emily; Mark, Caroline

2009-01-01

214

Assessing Student's Level of Scientific Literacy Using Interdisciplinary Scenarios  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to develop an instrument for assessing grade 10 and 11 student's levels of scientific literacy in the areas of problem solving and decision making. In concentrating on determining the scientific literacy of gymnasium level students, it was taken as a first; previous international studies like PISA have focused on ninth…

Soobard, Regina; Rannikmae, Miia

2011-01-01

215

Alternative Perspectives in Assessing Children's Language and Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggesting many ways (not just one way) to understand what children are doing with language and literacy, this book presents essays that address the need for alternative perspectives as well as anthropological, socio-psycholinguistic, and reader response perspectives in assessing children's language and literacy. After "Introducation: What Is an…

Holland, Kathleen, Ed.; And Others

216

Strengthening Connections between Information Literacy, General Education, and Assessment Efforts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses academic library instruction and librarians' collaboration with faculty to promote information literacy. Highlights include the education reform movement; strategic alliances; partnerships within a multicampus higher education system to promote information literacy; and assessment of the library's role as a key component of…

Rockman, Ilene F.

2002-01-01

217

National Institute for Literacy. Literacy Information and Communication System ("LINCS")  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students need a strong foundation in reading, writing, math, and numeracy to be successful in GED preparation, in work readiness programs, and in post-secondary education and training. The resources in the Basic Skills Collection that will assist in providing this foundation include research articles, materials and curriculum based on research,…

National Institute for Literacy, 2010

2010-01-01

218

Biology as an integrated component of the U.S. Geological Survey's National Water-Quality Assessment Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey?s (USGS) National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program is designed to integrate chemical, physical, and biological data to assess the status of and trends in the Nation?s water quality at local, regional, and national levels. The Program consists of 60 study units (major river basins and large parts of aquifers) located throughout the Nation (fig. 1). Data are collected at stream, river, and ground-water sites that represent the Nation?s mix of major natural and human factors that influence water quality. Biological data are collected from streams and rivers, and include (1) fish and other aquatic organisms whose tissues are analyzed for a wide array of chemical contaminants; (2) characterizations of algal, benthic invertebrate, and fish communities; and (3) characterizations of vegetation growing in streams and along streambanks. These biological data are collected in conjunction with physical (streamflow, characterizations of instream, bank, and flood-plain habitats) and chemical data.

Meador, Michael R.; Gurtz, Martin E.

1994-01-01

219

Year 6 Planning Exemplification. National Literacy Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

First in a series, this booklet contains suggestions for planning literacy in Year 6. This Year 6 plan for 2001-2002 and the short-term unit plan for narrative writing are a distillation of the work of a representative group of Year 6 teachers. It contains the Year 6 Term 1 Units 2 and 5 on Narrative Writing. It begins with an outline of the basic…

Department for Education and Skills, London (England).

220

Improving Adolescent Literacy Is Essential to National Welfare  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Calling students in high school now and in coming years "the people who will envision the future of our nation and chart our course through the 21st century and beyond," the Carnegie Corporation of New York (CCNY) has called in a new report for improvements in adolescent literacy if students are to succeed in college and careers. The report, "Time…

Armistead, Lew

2010-01-01

221

Year 6 Planning Exemplification 3. National Literacy Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Third in a series of booklets designed to assist Year 6 teachers with planning instruction to meet objectives of the National Literacy Strategy, this booklet contains Summer Term planning exemplification for three "revision" units (Narrative, Poetry and Non-fiction) prior to the Key Stage 2 tests and one unit after the tests (Extended narrative…

Department for Education and Skills, London (England).

222

Meaningful learning? Gendered experiences with an NGO-sponsored literacy program in rural Mali  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the effectiveness of an NGO-sponsored literacy program in rural Mali. The study employs ethnographic techniques to examine the type of literacy instruction provided, the level of participation, the meanings of literacy to participants, and the contextual factors that influence the social and personal effects of literacy. The analyses reveal that the program has been more advantageous for

Addie Fuhriman; Bonnie Ballif-Spanvill; Carol Ward; Yodit Solomon; Kacey Widdison-Jones

2006-01-01

223

People's Empowerment and Adult Literacy Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of data from 1,600 adult participants in Total Literacy Campaigns in India shows how adult acquisition of literacy skills improves their health habits, increases their participation in business startups and voting, and gives them higher aspirations for their children. Children have better enrollment and health status. Women improve their…

Kumari, P. Vasantha

1999-01-01

224

Integrating Literacies: Using Partnerships to Build Literacy Capabilities in Communities. An Adult Literacy National Project Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It has long been accepted that adult literacy and numeracy is best taught and learned in real-life situations that relate to everyday needs. This means that opportunities for learning are everywhere, not just in formal learning situations. This report seeks to identify examples and principles of the successful integration of learning about adult…

Wickert, Rosie; McGuirk, Jenny

2005-01-01

225

Quality-Control Design for Surface-Water Sampling in the National Water-Quality Assessment Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The data-quality objectives of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program include estimating the extent to which contamination, matrix effects, and measurement variability affect interpretation of chemical analyses of surface-water samples. The quality-control samples used to make these estimates include field blanks, field matrix spikes, and replicates. This report describes the design for collection of these quality-control samples in National Water-Quality Assessment Program studies and the data management needed to properly identify these samples in the U.S. Geological Survey's national data base.

Mueller, David K.; Martin, Jeffrey D.; Lopes, Thomas J.

1997-01-01

226

Information Literacy and Communication Research: A Case Study on Interdisciplinary Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report offers an interdisciplinary approach for conducting assessment on learning outcomes in undergraduate communication research skills where information literacy is embedded in the expected outcome. A Communication Studies department and the University Library piloted a two-year program to develop strategies for coordinated assessment that…

Natalle, Elizabeth J.; Crowe, Kathryn M.

2013-01-01

227

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory FY96 evaluation of Integrated Assessment Program  

SciTech Connect

The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory`s Integrated Assessment Program (IAP) is the primary system to assess and monitor overall performance and to drive continuous improvement in the Laboratory. The approach used is a significant departure from the Laboratory`s traditional reliance on auditing methods. It is a move toward the contemporary concepts of measuring organizational performance by encouraging scientific, operational, and business excellence, through self-assessment and strengthening line management accountability for results in product and service quality, safety, and cost. This report describes the approach used (methods and processes), the deployment of that approach in the six Laboratory organizations selected to pilot the approach, and a summary of how the pilot organizations used the results they obtained. Section 3.0 of this report summarizes the top strengths and weaknesses in performance as identified by Division/Directorate self-assessments, Independent Oversight, Internal Audit and peer reviews, and includes the actions that have been, or will be taken, to improve performance in areas that are weak.

NONE

1996-10-01

228

Pathways to Information Literacy: An Information Literacy Skills Program for B.S. Nursing Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A joint program of instruction was created between the University of Northern Colorado's Michener Library and School of Nursing. This expanded bibliographic instruction program was based on a proposal that outlined the need for information literacy instruction in nursing education, enumerated the possible benefits of such instruction to students…

Fox, Lynne M.; And Others

229

Beyond Decoding: Literacy and Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue contains 21 articles discussing library-sponsored literacy programs, tutoring and programming techniques, and state and national efforts. The articles include: (1) "Beyond Decoding: Literacy and Libraries--Introduction" (Amy Spaulding); (2) "Libraries: Natural Centers for Literacy" (Jacqueline Cook); (3) "Kids Who Read Can Succeed"…

Bookmark, 1992

1992-01-01

230

The use of scientific literacy taxonomy for assessing the development of chemical literacy among high-school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the attainment of chemical literacy among 10th-12th grade chemistry students in Israel. Based on existing theoretical frameworks, assessment tools were developed, which measured students' ability to: a) recognize chemical concepts as such (nominal literacy); b) define some key-concepts (functional literacy); c) use their understanding of chemical concepts to explain phenomena (conceptual literacy); and d) use their knowledge

Yael Shwartz; Ruth Ben-Zvi; Avi Hofstein

231

The Pennsylvania Adult Basic & Literacy Education Handbook for Program Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook is an introduction to the topics that adult basic and literacy education (ABLE) program administrators need to know. The 77 articles by various authors are divided into 6 sections. "A Background for the ABLE Program Administrator" covers the definition of a program administrator, a guiding philosophy, a brief history of adult…

Reiff, Tana, Ed.

232

A shared challenge : improving literacy, numeracy and science learning in Queensland primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following the release of Queensland results in the 2008 National Assessment ProgramLiteracy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) and the 2007 Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) late in 2008, the Premier, Anna Bligh, requested an independent review of literacy, numeracy and science standards in Queensland primary schools. The review was asked to examine available data on the performances

Geoff Masters

2009-01-01

233

Information Literacy Program for Student Athletes at the University of Iowa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the goals, content, and history of a program at the University of Iowa libraries for teaching library and information literacy skills to incoming men and women student athletes. Provides an assessment of the value of the librarians' work with student athletes. (Author/LRW)

Forys, Marsha; Forys, John; Ford, Ann; Dodd, Jeff

2000-01-01

234

The Accelerating Literacy Program: 1994-95 Final Report. Publication Number 94.13.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Austin Independent School District (Texas) developed the Accelerating Literacy Program (ALP) in 1993 to provide additional support for students who were having trouble passing the Texas Assessment of Academic Skills (TAAS) in the elementary grades. The ALP operates on the principle of integrating reading, writing, listening, and speaking…

Robertson, Trina R.; Wilkinson, L. David

235

Transforming Early Literacy Instruction: An Effectiveness Study of the Local Literacy Provider Training Program in Macedonia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the effectiveness of the Local Literacy Provider Training (LLPT) program in the Republic of Macedonia through customized application of Desimone's (2009) Core Conceptual Framework for Effectiveness Studies of Professional Development. Findings confirm the alignment of the LLPT design to research-based elements of effective…

Westrick, Jan

2012-01-01

236

CONCEPTUAL DESIGN OF THE SURFACE WATER COMPONENT OF THE NATIONAL WATER QUALITY ASSESSMENT (NAWQA) PROGRAM.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The US Geological Survey started, in a pilot phase, a program to provide nationally consistent information on the status and trends in the quality of the nation's fresh water. The program also intends to identify and describe the relationships between both the status and trends in water quality as they relate to natural factors, and the history of land-use, and land- and waste-management practices. The program is organized into hydrologically based study units and, for the study of surface water, involves a combination of fixed-station, synoptic and intensive study approaches. Network design considerations are discussed.

Hirsch, Robert, M.

1986-01-01

237

Three Techniques for Successful Literacy Coaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students' literacy achievement tends to lessen as they progress from elementary to middle level to high school as measured by state and national assessments. To ensure that secondary school students retain their literacy skills, many states and districts have created the position of literacy coach for middle and high schools. Literacy coaches are…

Taylor, Rosemarye T.; Moxley, Dale E.; Chanter, Carol; Boulware, Don

2007-01-01

238

Issues and Trends in Literacy Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed with practicing teachers in mind, this book presents reprints of 22 articles and excerpts from longer works that deal with the most significant trends and issues facing literacy educators--whole language, phonics, literacy materials, emergent literacy, spelling, assessment, content literacy, vocabulary instruction, national standards,…

Robinson, Richard D., Ed.; And Others

239

Functional Literacy--The Concept and the Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of functional literacy might be considered to have its ceremonial initiation at the World Conference of Ministers of Education on the Eradication of Illiteracy in Tehran, Iran, in 1965. At that conference important implications emerged for program development, methodology of teaching, and program content. An effort is made in this…

Bhola, H. S.

240

On Defining and Developing Literacy across Communities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper attempts to raise a few issues relating to the task of defining and operationalizing literacy and literacy development across communities with diverse socio-economic profiles. In particular, the following concerns are raised: (1) Can literacy development be assessed using one set of domains, given that the domains of literacy practices vary across cultures? (2) Does the acquisition of literacy skills mean the same thing to people across different communities? (3) Does illiteracy have the same consequences for people in different communities? (4) Is the process of literacy acquisition and development the same across diverse communities? The paper underscores the importance of considering the diverse socio-economic patterns in different communities in trying to determine present levels of literacy development and in proposing programs to increase levels of literacy skill. It also proposes using the level of community (in addition to the macro-level of nation-state and the micro-level of individual) in analyzing matters relating to literacy development.

Bernardo, Allan B. I.

2000-09-01

241

Toward an objective assessment of technical skills: a national survey of surgical program directors in Saudi Arabia  

PubMed Central

Background After almost a decade of implementing competency-based programs in postgraduate training programs, the assessment of technical skills remains more subjective than objective. National data on the assessment of technical skills during surgical training are lacking. We conducted this study to document the assessment tools for technical skills currently used in different surgical specialties, their relationship with remediation, the recommended tools from the program directors’ perspective, and program directors’ attitudes toward the available objective tools to assess technical skills. Methods This study was a cross-sectional survey of surgical program directors (PDs). The survey was initially developed using a focus group and was then sent to 116 PDs. The survey contains demographic information about the program, the objective assessment tools used, and the reason for not using assessment tools. The last section discusses the recommended tools to be used from the PDs’ perspective and the PDs’ attitude and motivation to apply these tools in each program. The associations between the responses to the assessment questions and remediation were statistically evaluated. Results Seventy-one (61%) participants responded. Of the respondents, 59% mentioned using only nonstandardized, subjective, direct observation for technical skills assessment. Sixty percent use only summative evaluation, whereas 15% perform only formative evaluations of their residents, and the remaining 22% conduct both summative and formative evaluations of their residents’ technical skills. Operative portfolios are kept by 53% of programs. The percentage of programs with mechanisms for remediation is 29% (19 of 65). Conclusion The survey showed that surgical training programs use different tools to assess surgical skills competency. Having a clear remediation mechanism was highly associated with reporting remediation, which reflects the capability to detect struggling residents. Surgical training leadership should invest more in standardizing the assessment of surgical skills.

Alkhayal, Abdullah; Aldhukair, Shahla; Alselaim, Nahar; Aldekhayel, Salah; Alhabdan, Sultan; Altaweel, Waleed; Magzoub, Mohi Elden; Zamakhshary, Mohammed

2012-01-01

242

Literacy for What? Literacy for Whom? The Politics of Literacy Education and Neocolonialism in UNESCO- and World Bank-Sponsored Literacy Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores literacy education, especially the kinds practiced and promoted by organizations such as the World Bank and the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), as a form of neocolonialism. Although researchers in other educational contexts have examined how schooling and education operate as a form…

Wickens, Corrine M.; Sandlin, Jennifer A.

2007-01-01

243

Oral Health Literacy Assessment: development of an oral health literacy instrument for Spanish speakers  

PubMed Central

Objective To develop an oral health literacy instrument for Spanish-speaking adults, evaluate its psychometric properties, and determine its comparability to an English version. Methods The Oral Health Literacy Assessment in Spanish (OHLA-S) and English (OHLA-E) are designed with a word recognition section and a comprehension section using the multiple-choice format developed by an expert panel. Validation of OHLA-S and OHLA-E involved comparing the instrument with other health literacy instruments in a sample of 201 Spanish-speaking and 204 English-speaking subjects. Comparability between Spanish and English versions was assessed by testing for differential item functioning (DIF) using item response theory. Results We considered three OHLA-S scoring systems. Based on validity and reliability comparisons, 24 items were retained in the OHLA-S instrument. OHLA-S was correlated with another health literacy instrument, Spanish Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (P < 0.05). Significant correlations were also found between OHLA-S and years of schooling, oral health knowledge, overall health, and an understanding of written health-care materials (P < 0.05). OHLA-S displayed satisfactory reliability with a Cronbach Alpha of 0.70-0.80. DIF results suggested that OHLA-S and OHLA-E scores were not comparable at a given level of oral health literacy. Conclusions OHLA-S has acceptable reliability and validity. OHLA-S and OHLA-E are two different measurement tools and should not be used to compare oral health literacy between English- and Spanish-speaking populations.

Lee, Jessica; Stucky, Brian; Rozier, Gary; Lee, Shoou-Yih; Zeldin, Leslie P.

2014-01-01

244

National Assessment of Title I: Interim Report. Volume II: Closing the Reading Gap: First Year Findings from a Randomized Trial of Four Reading Interventions for Striving Readers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to the National Assessment of Educational Progress, nearly 4 in 10 fourth graders read below the basic level. These literacy problems get worse as students advance through school and are exposed to progressively more complex concepts and courses. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of four remedial reading programs

Torgesen, Joseph; Myers, David; Schirm, Allen; Stuart, Elizabeth; Vartivarian, Sonya; Mansfield, Wendy; Stancavage, Fran; Durno, Donna; Javorsky, Rosanne; Haan, Cinthia

2006-01-01

245

Quarterly Report for LANL Activities: FY12-Q2 National Risk Assessment Partnership (NRAP): Industrial Carbon Capture Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes progress of LANL activities related to the tasks performed under the LANL FWP FE102-002-FY10, National Risk Assessment Partnership (NRAP): Industrial Carbon Capture Program. This FWP is funded through the American Recovery and Reinv...

R. J. Pawar

2012-01-01

246

New Methods and Interpretations of the Assessment of Literacy Among Young Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three facets of literacy measurement were examined in this study: the assessment of functional literacy with an instrument designed to reflect practical reading tasks; the effect of mode of test administration on literacy; and the relationship of literacy to sex, schooling, and traditional measures of reading. Subjects were 626 young adults…

Lichtman, Marilyn

247

Technology and Current Reading/Literacy Assessment Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer-based technologies offer promise as a means to assess students and provide teachers with better understandings of their students' achievement. This article describes recent developments in computer-based and web-based reading and literacy assessment, focusing on assessment administration, information management, and report creation. In…

Balajthy, Ernest

2007-01-01

248

The Essentials of Assessment Literacy: Contrasts between Testers and Users  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language assessment literacy refers to language instructors' familiarity with testing definitions and the application of this knowledge to classroom practices in general and specifically to issues related to assessing language. While it is widely agreed that classroom teachers need to assess student progress, many teachers and other test…

Malone, Margaret E

2013-01-01

249

Impact of Participation in a Community Based, Even Start Literacy Program on School Achievement and Parent Involvement for English Language Learners (ELL)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The family literacy model underlying the national Even Start Family Literacy Program has not fared well in large-scale evaluation studies, with outcomes showing minimal or no positive impact on later school achievement. However, the results of these studies have not been replicated in smaller studies, which hold the possibility of yielding richer and possibly more valid data using appropriate research

Elvira I. Zuazo-Legido

2008-01-01

250

National Assessment of the New Careers Program, July 1967-October 1969. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An in-house assessment of the New Careers program, nationwide, covered 112 projects. Information was obtained on program components, enrollee data, effect of affiliation, and benefits and costs of training. The report describes types of agencies training new careerists, recruitment and selection procedures, supportive services being used,…

Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. U.S. Training and Employment Service.

251

Study plan for urban stream indicator sites of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Urban Indicator Sites are one component of the U.S. Geological Survey?s National Water- Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program. The objectives of monitoring at the Urban Indicator Sites are to: (1) characterize stream quality from drainage basins with predominantly residential and commercial land use, and (2) determine which selected natural and human factors most strongly affect stream quality. Urban Indicator Sites will be distributed across the United States in settings with statistically different climate and in metropolitan areas that have a population of 250,000 or more. Multiple sites in the same climatic setting will have a range in population density. Ideally, Urban Indicator Sites will monitor drainage basins that have only residential and commercial land use, are 50 square kilometers or larger, are in the same physiographic setting as other Indicator Sites, have sustained flow, and overlap other NAWQA study components. Ideal drainage basins will not have industrial or agricultural land use and will not have point-source-contamination discharges. Stream quality will be characterized by collecting and analyzing samples of streamflow, bed sediment, and tissue of aquatic organisms for selected constituents. Factors affecting stream quality will be determined by statistical analysis of ancillary data associated with Urban Indicator Sites and stream-quality samples.

Lopes, T. J.; Price, C. V.

1997-01-01

252

Assessing the impact participation in science journalism activities has on scientific literacy among high school students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of the National Science Foundation Science Literacy through Science Journalism (SciJourn) research and development initiative (http://www.scijourn.org ; Polman, Saul, Newman, and Farrar, 2008) a quasi-experimental design was used to investigate what impact incorporating science journalism activities had on students' scientific literacy. Over the course of a school year students participated in a variety of activities culminating in the production of science news articles for Scijourner, a regional print and online high school science news magazine. Participating teachers and SciJourn team members collaboratively developed activities focused on five aspects of scientific literacy: placing information into context, recognizing relevance, evaluating factual accuracy, use of multiple credible sources and information seeking processes. This study details the development process for the Scientific Literacy Assessment (SLA) including validity and reliability studies, evaluates student scientific literacy using the SLA, examines student SLA responses to provide a description of high school students' scientific literacy, and outlines implications of the findings in relation to the National Research Council's A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas (2012) and classroom science teaching practices. Scientifically literate adults acting as experts in the assessment development phase informed the creation of a scoring guide that was used to analyze student responses. Experts tended to draw on both their understanding of science concepts and life experiences to formulate answers; paying close attention to scientific factual inaccuracies, sources of information, how new information fit into their view of science and society as well as targeted strategies for information seeking. Novices (i.e., students), in contrast, tended to ignore factual inaccuracies, showed little understanding about source credibility and suggested unproductive information seeking strategies. However, similar to the experts, novices made references to both scientific and societal contexts. The expert/novice comparison provides a rough description of a developmental continuum of scientific literacy. The findings of this study including student results and Generalized Linear Mixed Modeling suggest that the incorporation of science journalism activities focused on STEM issues can improve student scientific literacy. Incorporation of a wide variety of strategies raised scores on the SLA. Teachers who included a writing and revision process that prioritized content had significantly larger gains in student scores. Future studies could broaden the description of high school student scientific literacy and measured by the SLA and provide alternative pathways for developing scientific literacy as envisioned by SciJourn and the NRC Frameworks.

Farrar, Cathy

253

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Damage Assessment and Restoration Program: Damage Assessment Center Fiscal Year 2004 Indirect Cost Rate.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this report is to provide the Damage Assessment Center (DAC) of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) with the results of Cotton & Company's (contractor) review of Fiscal Year (FY) 2004 costs and development of an indir...

2004-01-01

254

Engineering Sustainable Solutions Program: Critical Literacies for Engineers Portfolio  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: While a number of universities in Australia have embraced concepts such as project/problem-based learning and design of innovative learning environments for engineering education, there has been a lack of national guidance on including sustainability as a "critical literacy" into all engineering streams. This paper was presented at the…

Paten, Cheryl J. K.; Palousis, Nicholas; Hargroves, Karlson; Smith, Michael

2005-01-01

255

Federal Literacy Facts: An Update on Literacy Related Developments at the National Level, May 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This May 2006 issue of "Federal Literacy Facts" contains the following sections: (1) Canadian Council on Learning Releases Learning Index; (2) Learning Index Highlights Adult Literacy as Key Challenge; (3) Literacy Doesn't Make the Federal Budget's Priority List; (4) Community Still Waiting for Federal Call for Literacy Proposals; (5) AG Calls for…

Movement for Canadian Literacy, 2006

2006-01-01

256

Human resource management in the Georgian National Immunization Program: a baseline assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Georgia's health care system underwent dramatic reform after gaining independence in 1991. The decentralization of the health care system was one of the core elements of health care reform but reports suggest that human resource management issues were overlooked. The Georgian national immunization program was affected by these reforms and is not functioning at optimum levels. This paper describes

Laura C Esmail; Jillian Clare Cohen-Kohler; Mamuka Djibuti

2007-01-01

257

New guidelines from the National Cholesterol Education Program: what is the impact on risk assessment?  

PubMed

The National Cholesterol Education Program has developed a set of guidelines for optimal levels of serum lipids that are recommended to reduce the risk of coronary artery disease. This article compares those values to lipid levels found in insurance applicants. PMID:15303591

Lowden, J Alexander

2002-01-01

258

Building an Adult Workplace Literacy Program for Spanish-Speaking Carpenters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a field-based account of how to develop and implement an adult workplace literacy program for English as a Second Language (ESL) students based upon the principles of a social practices definition of literacy. The purpose of the program is to provide basic literacy instruction for the growing population of Spanish-speaking…

Case, Rod E.; Ainsworth, John; Emerson, Rick

2004-01-01

259

Adult Basic and Literacy Education Program: Revised Indicators of Program Quality, Fiscal Year 2004.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document lists the Ohio Department of Education's Adult Basic and Literacy Education revised indicators of program quality. A chart details the measures and performance standards for the following quality indicators: (1) students demonstrate progress toward attainment of literacy skills at levels of proficiency necessary to function on the…

Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus. Div. of Career-Technical and Adult Education.

260

Literacy Behaviors of Preschool Children Participating in an Early Intervention Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report examines the teacher-reported early literacy behaviors of 2,759 preschool children who participated in a state-supported, early-intervention preschool program. Preschool teachers ( n = 240) completed the Literacy Competence Checklist for all c...

J. W. Lloyd K. A. Burgess K. L. Sayeski R. C. Planta

2001-01-01

261

Engaging Adults in Literacy Programs at Neighborhood Networks Centers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is designed to help Neighborhood Networks centers create programs that meet the goals of adult literacy learners. (The centers provide residents of federally assisted or insured properties with training in economic self-sufficiency.) Chapter 1 highlights the special characteristics of adult learners--the challenges they face and…

Department of Housing and Urban Development, Washington, DC.

262

PreRead: An Integrated Emergent Literacy Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exciting guide provides professionals with a balanced emergent literacy program that develops language, print awareness, and phonological awareness skills. Activities in these three domains are integrated into 10 lessons. Each "PreRead" session begins with a written and oral presentation of the sequence of activities for that day using a…

Lederer, Susan Hendler; Sanfilippo, Mary Ann; Soman, Bonnie

2006-01-01

263

Information Literacy and Research Skills Program at USC Sumter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This session will demonstrate how USC Sumter's Anderson Library recently developed information literacy and research skills program uses information technology available through the library introduce students, faculty and patrons to the methods and ethics of information research, with an emphasis on analyzing and defining information needs and…

Ferguson, Jane; Schultz, Pat; Pender, Constance; Chapman, Sharon

2005-01-01

264

Program-Integrated Information Literacy Instruction for Online Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic librarians often provide information literacy support for specific courses or topics in the form of research guides, one-shot training sessions, library orientations, or by embedding library content into online courses. Less frequently, they provide continuous program-level support on-campus or online. This paper highlights the value of…

Kumar, Swapna; Ochoa, Marilyn

2012-01-01

265

Adolescent Literacy Programs: Costs of Implementation. Final Report from Carnegie Corporation of New York's Council on Advancing Adolescent Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many educators and researchers have proposed reforms for dealing with the ongoing adolescent literacy crisis. Progress in strengthening young people's literacy now depends on schools a) choosing appropriate programs and b) implementing them consistently and effectively. Yet the history of school reform is littered with reforms that were adopted…

Levin, Henry M.; Catlin, Doran; Elson, Alex

2010-01-01

266

Acceptability of the Talking Touchscreen for Health Literacy Assessment  

PubMed Central

Self-administration of a multimedia health literacy measure in clinic settings is a novel concept. Demonstrated ease of use and acceptability will help predicate the future value of this strategy. We previously demonstrated the acceptability of a “Talking Touchscreen” for health status assessment. For this study, we adapted the touchscreen for self-administration of a new health literacy measure. Primary care patients (n=610) in clinics for underserved populations completed health status and health literacy questions on the Talking Touchscreen and participated in an interview. Participants were 51% female, 10% age 60+, 67% African American, 18% without a high school education, and 14% who had never used a computer. The majority (93%) had no difficulty using the touchscreen, including those who were computer-naïve (87%). Most rated the screen design as very good or excellent (72%), including computer-naïve patients (71%) and older patients (75%). Acceptability of the touchscreen did not differ by health literacy level. The Talking Touchscreen was easy to use and acceptable for self-administration of a new health literacy measure. Self-administration should reduce staff burden and costs, interview bias, and feelings of embarrassment by those with lower literacy. Tools like the Talking Touchscreen may increase exposure of underserved populations to new technologies.

Yost, Kathleen J.; Webster, Kimberly; Baker, David W.; Jacobs, Elizabeth A.; Anderson, Andy; Hahn, Elizabeth A.

2012-01-01

267

Measuring Adult Literacy and Life Skills: New Frameworks for Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study documents key aspects of the development of the International Adult Literacy and Life Skills Survey (ALL) - it's theoretical roots, the skill domains selected for possible assessment, the approaches taken to assessment in each domain and the criteria that were employed to decide which domains were to be carried in the final design. The ALL survey was meant

T. Scott Murray; Yvan Clermont; Marilyn Binkley

268

Technology Profile: An Assessment Strategy for Technological Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the scope of technology and the inherent difficulties of measuring such broad phenomena, this article explores two strategies for assessing technological literacy. One approach is drawn from a multiple measurement strategy often used to assess achievement, the test battery approach; the other is based on well-known interest inventories and…

Gagel, Charles W.

2004-01-01

269

North American Adult Literacy Programs and Latin American Immigrants: How Critical Pedagogy Can Help Nonprofit Literacy Programming in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As nonprofit adult literacy programs are often the only options for low-income Latin American immigrants in North America, problems accompanying these programs affect the ability of immigrants to benefit from them. North American nonprofit adult literacy programs often struggle due to the difficulties inherent in using volunteer instructors (often…

Straubhaar, Rolf

2013-01-01

270

Once upon a Time--Together: An Intergenerational Reading Program Empowering Teenage Parents To Develop the Emerging Literacy of Their Children While Reducing Their Own Literacy Deficiencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An intergenerational literacy program was developed for 40 teenage parents and their children enrolled in an alternative education center. The program was designed to empower teenage parents to develop the emerging literacy of their children while reducing their own literacy deficiencies. The Once upon a Time-Together program acquainted teenage…

Hoffman, Janet B.

271

Extending the Assessment of Literacy as Social Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores how the FETAC standards and processes at Levels 1 and 2 can be used to recognise literacy as a social practice. A summary review of the development of the National Framework of Qualifications is provided. Levels 1 to 4 in Ireland are compared with three key international frameworks, including OECD levels and those in Northern…

Stewart, John

2011-01-01

272

The Experimental World Literacy Programme: A Critical Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1964, Unesco, the United Nations Development Programme, and the governments of 11 countries agreed to evolve an effective approach to the problem of world illiteracy, which included the implementation and testing of functional literacy activities. This report of the pilot projects and microexperiments attempts to present the lessons learned by…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

273

Review of Adult Learning and Literacy, Volume 6. Connecting Research, Policy and Practice: A Project of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Review of Adult Learning and Literacy: Connecting Research, Policy, and Practice, Volume 6," is the newest volume in a series of annual publications of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy (NCSALL) that address major issues, the latest research, and the best practices in the field of adult literacy and learning. Each…

Comings, John, Ed.; Garner, Barbara, Ed.; Smith, Cristine, Ed.

2006-01-01

274

Family Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research indicates that family literacy programs can provide opportunities for educational success for parents and children. The benefits reaped by the children in family literacy workshops are presented.

Holloway, John H.

2004-01-01

275

Project L.E.A.R.N. (Literacy, Employment, Advancement, Readiness Network). A National Workplace Literacy Project. Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project developed through Wallace State Community College (Alabama) united three corporations, two adult basic education programs, a technical college, two support/education programs, a work program for older adults, and three service organizations in a partnership to develop a model for providing workplace literacy training. Project LEARN…

Dickey, De

276

Expanding the Culture of Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To properly assess the problem of adult literacy in the United States and to develop successful intervention programs, it is critical to view literacy not just as a technical proficiency but as a culturally shaped set of practices engaged in by individuals and groups, literate and illiterate. A successful literacy campaign must incorporate…

Reder, Stephen M.; And Others

277

National School Lunch Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National School Lunch Program is a federally assisted meal program operating in over 101,000 public and non-profit private schools and residential child care institutions. It provides nutritionally balanced, low-cost or free lunches to more than 30.5 million children each school day in 2008. In 1998, Congress expanded the National School Lunch…

US Department of Agriculture, 2009

2009-01-01

278

The Integration of Literacy and Geography: The Arizona GeoLiteracy Program's Effect on Reading Comprehension  

Microsoft Academic Search

To provide the first interstate quasi-experimental assessment on the power of content integration in building reading skills, the authors studied the effects on reading comprehension of GeoLiteracy—a K-8 package of 85 lessons that teaches geography in the context of practicing reading and writing skills. Ninety-six third through eighth grade teachers in Arizona and Michigan divided up into intervention and comparison

Elizabeth R. Hinde; Sharon E. Osborn Popp; Ronald I. Dorn; Gale Olp Ekiss; Martha Mater; Carl B. Smith; Michael Libbee

2007-01-01

279

Research on and Guidelines for Effective Use of Assessment Instruments and Strategies for Adult Learners Enrolled in Adult Basic and Literacy Education Programs. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this research project was to create a guide on the effective use of assessment instruments and methodologies, related resources, and guidelines for measuring adult learners' attainment of basic skills and competencies to document educational gains and demonstrate program quality. The project focused on confirming current use of…

Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park. Inst. for the Study of Adult Literacy.

280

Federal Literacy Facts: An Update on Literacy-Related Developments at the National Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this May 2004 issue of "Federal Literacy Facts", the following sections are included: (1) "Election offers opportunities to advance literacy agenda"; (2) "MCL launches on-line resources for Election 2004"; and (3) "Federal Quick Facts".

Movement for Canadian Literacy, 2004

2004-01-01

281

Investigating Form Comparability in the Idaho Comprehensive Literacy Assessment: Matters of Fairness and Transparency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Idaho Comprehensive Literacy Assessment (ICLA) is a faculty-developed, state-wide, high-stakes assessment of pre-service teachers' knowledge and application of research based literacy practices. The literacy faculty control all aspects of the test, including construction, refinement, administration, scoring and reporting. The test development…

Squires, David; Trevisan, Michael S.; Canney, George F.

2006-01-01

282

The Literacy Practices for Assessment in the Vocational Curriculum--The Case of Hospitality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores two case studies of the literacy practices of assessment in the vocational curriculum. Previous studies have identified learning in the vocational curriculum as being assessment-driven and that subjects often associated with limited levels of literacy actually require multiple literacy practices from students. Drawing upon…

Edwards, Richard; Minty, Sarah; Miller, Kate

2013-01-01

283

PIRLS 2006 Assessment Framework and Specifications: Progress in International Reading Literacy Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) 2006 Assessment Framework and Specifications is intended as a blueprint for IEA's 2006 assessment of reading literacy. Concrete information about how well students can read provides policymakers and researchers in every country with insight on how to improve literacy and reading…

Mullis, Ina V.S.; Kennedy, Ann M.; Martin, Michael O.; Sainsbury, Marian

2004-01-01

284

The Envirothon and its effects on students' environmental literacy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the past thirty years, significant progress has been made in defining environmental education and its goals, and operationally by the emerging concept of environmental literacy. Environmental literacy includes affective, behavioral, and cognitive components. Roth (1992) includes environmental sensitivity, knowledge, skills, attitudes and values, personal investment and responsibility, and active involvement as components of environmental literacy. In addition, Simmons (1995) identifies affect, ecological knowledge, socio-political knowledge, knowledge of environmental issues, skills, environmentally responsible behaviors, and additional determinants of environmentally responsible behaviors as components of environmental literacy. Environmental education is the primary vehicle for promoting environmental literacy. Most K through 12 environmental education is delivered in non-formal programs outside traditional curriculum and instruction and is exemplified by the National Envirothon program. Student teams compete to demonstrate their knowledge and understanding of ecological principles in aquatics, forestry, soils, wildlife, and a selected environmental issue. Each year over 75,000 high school students participate in the Envirothon. The purpose of the study was to identify the effects of Envirothon participation on its high school students from 17 out of 43 states with Envirothon programs. One hundred forty eight students completed the Wisconsin Environmental Literacy Assessment Instrument; (Peri, 1996), to assess their environmental literacy status. Data were analyzed using an analysis of covariance where the pretest was the covariate. The results indicated the participation in the Envirothon program does make a statistically significant difference between the environmental literacy of those high school students who have participated in the Envirothon program and the environmental literacy of those high school students who have not participated in the Envirothon program in the cognitive component of environmental literacy but does not in the affective and behavioral components of environmental literacy. Results also indicated there was not a statistically significant difference between the environmental literacy of those high school students who have participated in one or more Envirothon competitions and the environmental literacy of those high school students who have participated in less than one Envirothon competition in regard to the cognitive, affective, or behavior components of environmental literacy. The implication is participating in the Envirothon program does make a difference in the environmental literacy of those high school students participating in the Envirothon program in the cognitive component of environmental literacy but participating in the Envirothon program does not increase the environmental literacy of those high school students participating in the Envirothon program in the affective or behavioral components of environmental literacy. This information is important to teachers, advisors, state and national Envirothon committee members, and sponsors relating to the international goals, objectives and key points, study materials, and training methodology as each is used to expand and strengthen Envirothon programs. Furthermore, many fenders are interested in the program and how it is affecting the students. Recommendations for further research include conducting a meta-analysis using this research and the research conducted by Meredith (1996), longitudinal studies, and case studies utilizing past Envirothon students. Documentation through news articles and interviews could assist in assessing the Envirothon program's impact on students. This would not evaluate the student's environmental literacy, but would provide information on how the Envirothon program influences students' life choices.

Weiser, Brenda Gayle

285

Federal Literacy Facts: An Update on Literacy Related Developments at the National Level, April 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This April 2004 issue of "Federal Literacy Facts" contains the following sections: (1) Federal Budget a Big Disappointment for the Literacy Community; (2) Some Budget Highlights; (3) Should We Expect a Spring Election; (4) Council of the Federation Targets Literacy as a Priority; and (5) Canadian Council on Learning: What's Happening?

Movement for Canadian Literacy, 2004

2004-01-01

286

Preservice Teachers' Knowledge of Information Literacy and Their Perceptions of the School Library Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graduating preservice teachers were surveyed regarding their knowledge of information literacy concepts, the pedagogy of information literacy, and the role of the teacher librarian and school library programs. The preservice teachers felt poorly prepared to teach information literacy to pupils, had a limited array of information skills, and held a…

Lee, Elizabeth A.; Reed, Brenda; Laverty, Corinne

2012-01-01

287

Summer Program Aims to Improve Literacy Skills of Black Male Teens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author talks about a summer program at the African American Adolescent Male Summer Literacy Institute which aims to improve literacy skills of black male teens. The African American Adolescent Male Summer Literacy Institute is now in its fourth year at the University of Illinois-Chicago (UIC). Alfred Tatum, director of the…

West, Cassandra

2012-01-01

288

Evaluation of a mental health literacy training program for junior sporting clubs.  

PubMed

Objective: The aim of this study was to describe and evaluate a training program designed to improve mental health literacy in junior sporting club coaches and leaders. It was anticipated that participants would demonstrate an improvement in knowledge, confidence, and attitudes in relation to mental disorders and help seeking. Methods: A training program called Read the Play was delivered to 40 participants from junior AFL football and netball leagues in the Barwon region of Victoria. The effects of the training were evaluated using pre- and post-questionnaires. Results: The course led to significant improvement in knowledge about mental disorders, increased confidence in helping someone with a mental disorder and more positive attitudes towards people with mental disorders. Conclusions: Training programs delivered within sporting settings may be effective in improving mental health literacy. Future evaluations would benefit from assessing whether these changes are sustained over time and whether trainees subsequently assist young club members to seek appropriate professional help. PMID:20001370

Bapat, Swagata; Jorm, Anthony; Lawrence, Katherine

2009-12-01

289

National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program annual report 1989 to the President and Congress  

SciTech Connect

The 1989 NAPAP report is submitted in accordance with the Acid Precipitation Act of 1980 (Title VII, P.L. 96-294.) The Annual Report describes the Program's research and assessment accomplishments during 1989. A special section, entitled Findings Update, summarizes recent developments in the state of scientific knowledge of the causes and effects of acidic deposition, and provides information on the status and capabilities of various acid deposition control technologies. NAPAP is developing a comprehensive Integrated Assessment of the causes and effects of acid deposition, combined with comprehensive analyses of the cost and effectiveness of various emission reduction strategies.

Not Available

1990-06-01

290

Biochemical Visual Literacy with Constructive Alignment: Outcomes, Assessment, and Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several contributions in "Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education" have highlighted the role of visualization tools and the importance of developing students' visual literacy in biochemistry education. In this forum, the authors suggest that more focus is needed on the assessment of student learning, and they advance…

Herraez, Angel; Costa, Manuel Joao

2013-01-01

291

Development of an Experimental Literacy Assessment Battery. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the development of a Literacy Assessment Battery (LAB) for determining the relative efficiency with which adults can comprehend language by reading or listening. Development of the LAB included: the tryout with adults of two listening and reading tests designed for children; experimental studies of a decoding task involving…

Sticht, Thomas G.; Beck, Lawrence J.

292

Developing the Assessment Literacy of University Proficiency Test Users  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rapidly increasing use of English language proficiency test scores by universities around the world to select international students has resulted in a range of admissions, marketing, academic and teaching support staff interacting with the tests in different ways. To date, there has been little research investigating the assessment literacy

O'Loughlin, Kieran

2013-01-01

293

Next STEPS in Literacy Instruction: Connecting Assessments to Effective Interventions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reader-friendly teaching guide makes the next steps of literacy instruction clear and easy for K-6 educators. Developed by highly respected experts Smartt and Glaser, this book gives readers a specific breakdown of the indicators on today's most popular reading assessments and matches those items with interventions that make a real…

Smartt, Susan M.; Glaser, Deborah R.

2010-01-01

294

Collaborative Peer Video Analysis: Insights about Literacy Assessment and Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed-methods study explored (a) the purposes for which teachers selected video clips of their own literacy teaching and assessment practices to share and discuss with peers, (b) how these purposes were related to the content of the discussions, and (c) what variables were related to teachers' generation of new ideas and future actions that…

Christ, Tanya; Arya, Poonam; Chiu, Ming Ming

2012-01-01

295

Comparing Mathematics Content in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), and Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2003 Assessments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) collects information on student performance in key subject areas through the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), as well as through participation in international studies of student achie...

T. S. Neidorf M. Binkley K. Gattis D. Nohara

2006-01-01

296

Literacy Policy and Provision in Papua New Guinea.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is now consensus among educators in Papua New Guinea that literacy efforts must be strengthened through closer bonding of literacy with information-that-matters. Papua New Guinea's Cabinet has recently endorsed a National Literacy and Awareness Program linking literacy projects with public awareness campaigns, hoping to increase support for…

Olsson, Micael

297

National Assessment's Consumer Skills Assessments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) encountered problems when developing a comprehensive assessment of consumer skills of 17-year-olds in 1978. When NAEP conducted a nationwide assessment of basic life skills of 17-year-olds in 1977, there was considerable interest in the consumer skills portion. Therefore, it was decided to…

Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO. National Assessment of Educational Progress.

298

National Sample Assessment Protocols  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These protocols represent a working guide for planning and implementing national sample assessments in connection with the national Key Performance Measures (KPMs). The protocols are intended for agencies involved in planning or conducting national sample assessments and personnel responsible for administering associated tenders or contracts,…

Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (NJ1), 2012

2012-01-01

299

National Workplace Literacy Program. Garment-Related Bilingual (English & Chinese) T.V. Broadcast Lessons. Book II: Episodes 16-27.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains a series of 12 garment-related bilingual (English and Chinese) television broadcast lessons that were produced to augment an earlier series of 15 lessons. The objective of these television lessons is to teach garment-related English terminology to the garment workers who cannot attend classes in the National Workplace…

Chinatown Manpower Project, Inc., New York, NY.

300

A quality-assurance assessment for constituents reported by the national atmospheric deposition program and the national trends network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A continuing quality-assurance program has been operated by the U.S. Geological Survey to evaluate any bias introduced by routine handling, shipping, and laboratory analyses of wet-deposition samples collected in the National Atmospheric Deposition Program (NADP) and National Trends Network (NTN). Blind-audit samples having a variety of constituent concentrations and values were selected. Only blind-audit samples with constituent concentrations and values less than the 95th-percentile concentration for natural wet-deposition samples were included in the analysis. Of the major ions, there was a significant increase of Ca 2+, Mg 2+, Na 2+, K +, SO 42- and Cl -1 in samples handled according to standard protocols and shipped in NADP/NTN sample-collection buckets. For 1979-1987, graphs of smoothed data showing the estimated contamination in blind-audit samples indicate a decrease in the median concentration and ranges of Ca 2+, Mg 2+ and SO 42- contamination of blind-audit samples shipped in sample-collection buckets. Part of the contamination detected in blind-audit samples can be attributed to contact with the sample-collection bucket and lid; however, additional sources also seem to contaminate the blind-audit sample. Apparent decreases in the magnitude and range of sample contamination may be caused by differences in sample-collection bucket- and lid-washing procedures by the NADP/NTN Central Analytical Laboratory. Although the degree of bias is minimal for most constituents, summaries of the NADP/NTN data base may contain overestimates of Ca 2+, Mg 2+, Na -, K + and SO 42- and Cl - concentrations, and underestimates of H + concentrations.

See, Randolph B.; Schroder, LeRoy J.; Willoughby, Timothy C.

301

A quality-assurance assessment for constituents reported by the National Atmospheric Deposition Program and the National Trends Network  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A continuing quality-assurance program has been operated by the U.S. Geographical Survey to evaluate any bias introduced by routine handling, shipping, and laboratory analyses of wet-deposition samples collected in the National Atmospheric Deposition Program (NADP) and National Trends Network (NTN). Blind-audit samples having a variety of constituent concentrations and values were selected. Only blind-audit samples with constituent concentrations and values less than the 95th-percentile concentration for natural wet-deposition samples were included in the analysis. Of the major ions, there was a significant increase of Ca2+, Mg2+, K+ SO42+ and Cl- in samples handled according to standard protocols and shipped in NADP/NTN sample-collection buckets. For 1979-1987, graphs of smoothed data showing the estimated contaminations in blind-audit samples indicate a decrease in the median concentration and ranges of Ca2+, Mg2+ and SO42- contamination of blind-audit samples shipped in sample-collection buckets. Part of the contamination detected in blind-audit samples can be attributed to contact with the sample-collection bucket and lid; however, additional sources also seem to contaminate the blind-audit sample. Apparent decreases in the magnitude and range of sample contamination may be caused by differences in sample-collection bucket- and lid-washing procedures by the NADP/NTN Central Analytical Laboratory. Although the degree of bias is minimal for most constituents, summaries of the NADP/NTN data base may contain overestimates of Ca2+, Mg2+, Na-, K+, SO42- and Cl- concentrations, and underestimates of H+ concentrations.

See, R. B.; Schroder, L. J.; Willoughby, T. C.

1989-01-01

302

NATIONAL COASTAL ASSESSMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of the National Coastal Assessment (NCA) is to estimate the status and trends of the condition of the nation's coastal resources on a state, regional and national basis. Based on NCA monitoring from 1999-2001, 100% of the nation's estuarine waters (at over 2500 locati...

303

The Position as Regards Functional Literacy Pilot Projects. Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comparative analysis was made of Experimental World Literacy Program projects in 17 nations (Algeria, Brazil, Chile, Equador, Ethiopia, Guinea, India, Iran, Mali, Jamaica, Madagascar, Nigeria, Sudan, Syria, Tanzania, Tunisia, and Venezuela) after 18 months of operation. Included were functional literacy projects in 10 nations, literacy programs

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

304

Human resource management in the Georgian National Immunization Program: a baseline assessment  

PubMed Central

Background Georgia's health care system underwent dramatic reform after gaining independence in 1991. The decentralization of the health care system was one of the core elements of health care reform but reports suggest that human resource management issues were overlooked. The Georgian national immunization program was affected by these reforms and is not functioning at optimum levels. This paper describes the state of human resource management practices within the Georgian national immunization program in late 2004. Methods Thirty districts were selected for the study. Within these districts, 392 providers and thirty immunization managers participated in the study. Survey questionnaires were administered through face-to-face interviews to immunization managers and a mail survey was administered to immunization providers. Qualitative data collection involved four focus groups. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Chi-square tests were used to test for differences between groups for continuous and categorical variables. Content analysis identified main themes within the focus groups. Results Weak administrative links exist between the Centres of Public Health (CPH) and Primary Health Care (PHC) health facilities. There is a lack of clear management guidelines and only 49.6% of all health providers had written job descriptions. A common concern among all respondents was the extremely inadequate salary. Managers cited lack of authority and poor knowledge and skills in human resource management. Lack of resources and infrastructure were identified as major barriers to improving immunization. Conclusion Our study found that the National Immunization Program in Georgia was characterized by weak organizational structure and processes and a lack of knowledge and skills in management and supervision, especially at peripheral levels. The development of the skills and processes of a well-managed workforce may help improve immunization rates, facilitate successful implementation of remaining health care reforms and is an overall, wise investment. However, reforms at strategic policy levels and across sectors will be necessary to address the systemic financial and health system constraints impeding the performance of the immunization program and the health care system as a whole.

Esmail, Laura C; Cohen-Kohler, Jillian Clare; Djibuti, Mamuka

2007-01-01

305

Issues in Planning and Implementing National Literacy Programmes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following papers were produced by participants and resource persons on specific issues of planning, management and implementation of literacy and post-literacy strategies: "People's Participation and Mobilization: Characteristics of the Literacy Campaigns in China" (Yanwei); "Strategies for Mobilization and Participation of Volunteers in…

Carron, G., Ed.; Bordia, A., Ed.

306

Assessing Language, Literacy, and Mathematics Skills With Work Sampling for Head Start  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: We examined the reliability and validity of the language, literacy, and mathematics domains of Work Sampling for Head Start (WSHS), an observational assessment designed for 3- and 4-year-olds. Participants included 112 children who were enrolled over a two-year period in Head Start and a number of other programs sponsored by community-based organizations affiliated with a local school district.

Samuel J. Meisels; Yange Xue; Melissa Shamblott

2008-01-01

307

The Infrastructure of Adult Literacy Education. Implications for Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An adequate description of the infrastructure system of adult literacy education needs to address three levels: national, state, and local. At the national level, infrastructure is currently shaped primarily by the Adult Education Act (AEA), amended by the National Literacy Act of 1991. Given that the AEA is a state grant program, state literacy

Beder, Hal

308

Preliminary assessment report for Fort William Henry Harrison, Montana Army National Guard, Helena, Montana. Installation Restoration Program  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of the preliminary assessment (PA) conducted by Argonne National Laboratory at a Montana Army National Guard (MTARNG) property near Helena, Montana. Preliminary assessments of federal facilities are being conducted to compile the information necessary for completing preremedial activities and to provide a basis for establishing corrective actions in response to releases of hazardous substances. The principal objective of the PA is to characterize the site accurately and determine the need for further action by examining site activities, quantities of hazardous substances present, and potential pathways by which contamination could affect public health and the environment. This PA satisfies, for the Fort William Henry Harrison property, requirements of the Department of Defense Installation Restoration Program.

DuWaldt, J.; Meyer, T.

1993-07-01

309

The National Environmental Literacy Project: A Baseline Study of Middle Grade Students in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors discuss environmental literacy in the United States and present a brief summary of the results of a major national study designed to attain a baseline measure of environmental literacy among middle school students in the United States. The authors include events that led up to the study and describe future directions for environmental…

McBeth, William; Volk, Trudi L.

2009-01-01

310

Evaluating the Effectiveness of the National Literacy Strategy: Identifying Indicators of Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1998, the British Government introduced the National Literacy Strategy (NLS) in all state primary schools (encompassing students aged 5-11) in England in a bid to raise literacy standards. A year earlier, 13 local education authorities were involved in the piloting of the project, including the city of Newcastle upon Tyne. The first Newcastle…

Smith, Fay; Hardman, Frank; Mroz, Maria

311

Computer Literacy for College-Level Philosophy Students at National Taiwan University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes a proposal for integrating computer literacy into undergraduate level philosophy study at the National Taiwan University and suggests definitions and curriculum formats. The paper proposes a new definition of language and a multi-dimensional definition of computer literacy. These are then applied to the undergraduate education…

Lin, Yuan-Lih

312

Misunderstood Statistical Assumptions Undermine Criticism of the National Early Literacy Panel's Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many of the methodological criticisms of the National Early Literacy Panel (NELP) report presented in this special issue of "Educational Researcher" are not specific to the NELP report but are in fact broad criticisms of much of the quantitative research on early literacy. This rejoinder demonstrates that these criticisms are off target and are…

Schatschneider, Christopher; Lonigan, Christopher J.

2010-01-01

313

Effects of a Family Literacy Program on Low-Literate Children and Their Parents: Findings From an Evaluation of the Even Start Family Literacy Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

A randomized experiment was conducted to test the effectiveness of Even Start, a federally supported family literacy program providing early childhood education, adult education, parenting education, and joint parent-child literacy activities to children and parents from low-literate families. The evaluation of 18 Even Start projects followed 463 families for 2 years and found no statistically significant or educationally important impacts

Robert G. St. Pierre; Anne E. Ricciuti; Tracy A. Rimdzius

2005-01-01

314

The Beginning with Books Gift Book Program: Effects on Family and Child Literacy. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study offered a means of evaluating the long-term effects of the Beginning with Books gift packet program on literacy experiences provided by the family, on the children's literacy and language abilities, and on the skills of the children involved in the program as perceived by their kindergarten teachers. The program is a nonprofit…

Bean, Rita M.; And Others

315

Toward a More Literate Workforce: The Emergence of Workplace Literacy Programs in Illinois.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents eight examples of approaches used by local providers, employers, and unions in Illinois to make basic skills programs available to workers. The programs profiled are the following: Rockford Area Literacy Council--Project READ '86-'89; Highland Community College--Literacy Outreach Program for Northwest Illinois; Waukegan Public…

Grimes, Jan; Renner, Robert

316

America's Literacy Directory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A service of the National Institute for Literacy and Partners, America's Literacy Directory is an online national database of literacy programs that connects employers, learners, volunteers, social service providers, and others to current information about literacy programs in all 50 states and US territories. The site offers program information for children, people with learning disabilities, and those users interested in the GED and other high school programs, as well as students who need help with reading, writing, and math. In addition, the site also lists programs for those interested in learning English as a second language. Users merely enter their zip code, city, and state; and the site will list the names, addresses, and telephone numbers of program facilities within 5 to 100 miles of your location.

2001-01-01

317

Audit of the Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice Cooperative Agreement Awarded to Occupational Research and Assessment, Incorporated Big Rapids, Michigan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Office of the Inspector General, Audit Division, has completed an audit of an Office of Justice Programs (OJP), National Institute of Justice (NIJ), cooperative agreement awarded to Occupational Research and Assessment, Incorporated (ORA). ORA is loca...

2011-01-01

318

Developing a Geoscience Literacy Exam: Pushing Geoscience Literacy Assessment to New Levels  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

InTeGrate is a community effort aimed at improving geoscience literacy and building a workforce that can use geoscience to solve societal issues. As part of this work we have developed a geoscience literacy assessment instrument to measure students' higher order thinking. This assessment is an important part of the development of curricula designed to increase geoscience literacy for all undergraduate students. To this end, we developed the Geoscience Literacy Exam (GLE) as one of the tools to quantify the effectiveness of these materials on students' understandings of geoscience literacy. The InTeGrate project is a 5-year, NSF-funded STEP Center grant in its first year of funding. Details concerning the project are found at http://serc.carleton.edu/integrate/index.html. The GLE instrument addresses content and concepts in the Earth, Climate, and Ocean Science literacy documents. The testing schema is organized into three levels of increasing complexity. Level 1 questions are single answer, understanding- or application-level multiple choice questions. For example, selecting which type of energy transfer is most responsible for the movement of tectonic plates. They are designed such that most introductory level students should be able to correctly answer after taking an introductory geoscience course. Level 2 questions are more advanced multiple answer/matching questions, at the understanding- through analysis-level. Students might be asked to determine the types of earth-atmosphere interactions that could result in changes to global temperatures in the event of a major volcanic eruption. Because the answers are more complicated, some introductory students and most advanced students should be able to respond correctly. Level 3 questions are analyzing- to evaluating-level short essays, such as describe the ways in which the atmosphere sustains life on Earth. These questions are designed such that introductory students could probably formulate a rudimentary response. We anticipate the detail and sophistication of the response will increase as students progress through the InTeGrate curriculum. A team of 14 community members and assessment experts were assembled to develop the questions and complete validity and reliability testing. An initial set of questions was vetted, revised by the assessment team, and sent for external review. Students can score one point for correct Level 1 answers. For Level 2 questions, students can score from zero to two points, depending on the number of correct answers selected. Rubrics are under development for Level 3 essay questions using a 3 point scale that assigns points based both on the accuracy of the response and the quality of the written response. The final instrument will be used to measure geoscience literacy from introductory, non-science students to upper-level geoscience majors. In addition to covering geoscience content knowledge and understanding, GLE+ is also intended to probe InTeGrate students' ability and motivation to use their geoscience expertise to address problems of environmental sustainability. This final instrument will be made available to the geoscience education community as an assessment to be used in conjunction with InTeGrate teaching materials or as a stand-alone tool for departments to measure student learning gains across the major.

Iverson, E. A.; Steer, D. N.; Manduca, C. A.

2012-12-01

319

Assessing Medicare Beneficiary Eligibility for Medication Therapy Management Programs Using PINNACLE, a National Cardiovascular Data Registry  

PubMed Central

Background Medication therapy management (MTM) is a mandated component of the 2003 Medicare Modernization Act for Part D prescription drug plans and Medicare Advantage plans, authorizing the pharmacist or other qualified provider to identify, resolve, and prevent medication-related problems for patients with chronic diseases. MTM programs have been shown to improve medication adherence and reduce medication errors while reducing overall costs in patients with cardiovascular (CV) disease; however, MTM has been greatly underutilized for patients with chronic diseases. Objective To identify the proportion of Medicare beneficiaries who are eligible for, and who could potentially benefit from, participating in MTM among patients enrolled in the National Cardiovascular Data Registry's PINNACLE Registry. Methods Patient MTM eligibility is based on the presence of multiple chronic diseases and meeting a minimum annual insurance medication costs. We used patient data from 462 academic and private cardiology practices in the United States who participated in the PINNACLE Registry between May 1, 2008, and September 30, 2010, to determine Medicare beneficiaries' eligibility to participate in an MTM program for patients meeting the MTM criteria of (1) a number of chronic diseases (in this case, the number of CV conditions) and (2) an estimated minimum annual medication expenses, using a weighted average cost calculated based on the average wholesale price of the most often prescribed medications, by class, as extracted from the HealthCore Integrated Research Database and weighted according to prescribing frequency within a class. Results Among the Medicare beneficiaries in the PINNACLE Registry, 93,089 (58%) had ?3 chronic CV conditions, and the median annual estimated medication expenditure per patient enrolled in the PINNACLE Registry was $1329. Of the total of 93,089 Medicare beneficiaries, 21.4% were eligible for MTM, based on the 2010 minimum eligibility criterion of an annual insurer medication expenditure of $3000 or more. These costs ranged from $366 for low-cost generics to $3958 for the highest-cost drug in a class. In addition, based on the 2010 minimum eligibility rule, the proportion of patients eligible for MTM ranged from 7.9% for those eligible for MTM for low-cost generics to 64% of patients eligible for MTM for the highest-cost medication in a class. Conclusions These data serve to raise awareness regarding patients' potential eligibility to receive the benefits of MTM programs. Providers caring for patients with multiple CV conditions, including specialists such as cardiologists, should explain to eligible patients about MTM programs and encourage these patients to take advantage of such programs.

Spinler, Sarah A.; Cziraky, Mark J.; Tang, Fengming; Duenas, Gladys G.; Thomas, Tyan; Reinhold, Jennifer A.; Willey, Vincent J.

2013-01-01

320

Federal Literacy Facts: An Update on Literacy-Related Developments at the National Level, May 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This May 2005 issue of "Federal Literacy Facts" contains the following sections: (1) Adult Literacy and Life (ALL) Skills Survey Shakes Things Up!; (2) Release Leads to Diverse Response; (3) Some ALL Highlights; (4) The Stakes Are High; (5) The ALL Survey: What's Next?; (6) Belinda Stronach: New Minister of Human Resources and Skills Development…

Movement for Canadian Literacy, 2005

2005-01-01

321

Federal Literacy Facts: An Update on Literacy-Related Developments at the National Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This January 2004 issue of "Federal Literacy Facts" contains the following sections: (1) "HRDC splits into two"; (2) "Paul Martin's Promise: Is it good news for literacy?"; (3) Busy months ahead: expect a Throne speech, a federal budget and an election this spring!"; (4) "Finance Minister Ralph Goodale: coming to a town near YOU?"; and (5) "New…

Movement for Canadian Literacy, 2004

2004-01-01

322

Social and Economic Benefits of Improved Adult Literacy: Towards a Better Understanding. An Adult Literacy National Project Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessing the social and economic costs of poor adult literacy and numeracy skills, and the benefits of investing in such skills, is largely unchartered territory in Australia. This feasibility study explores the frameworks and methodologies available for determining and measuring such benefits and costs across a number of life domains, including…

Hartley, Robyn; Horne, Jackie

2006-01-01

323

Assessment Literacy: What Science Teachers Need to Know and Be Able to Do  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter considers the theoretical and empirical foundations for assessment literacy, proposes a model for assessment\\u000a literacy, describes a case of the model in action, and suggests implications of the model for teacher education and research\\u000a efforts. The model of assessment literacy advanced by the authors is both grounded in their own research, and an extension\\u000a of two existing theoretical

Sandra K. Abell; Marcelle A. Siegel

324

NATIONAL ASSESSMENT DATABASE (NAD)  

EPA Science Inventory

Resource Purpose: The National Assessment Database stores State water quality assessments that are reported under Section 305(b) of the Clean Water Act. The data are stored by individual water quality assessments. Threatened, partially and not supporting waters also have da...

325

National Geospatial Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The National Geospatial Program (NGP; http://www.usgs.gov/ngpo/) satisfies the needs of customers by providing geospatial products and services that customers incorporate into their decisionmaking and operational activities. These products and services provide geospatial data that are organized and maintained in cost-effective ways and developed by working with partners and organizations whose activities align with those of the program. To accomplish its mission, the NGP-organizes, maintains, publishes, and disseminates the geospatial baseline of the Nation's topography, natural landscape, and manmade environment through The National Map-fosters a general understanding of broad geographic patterns, trends, and conditions through The National Atlas of the United States of America-increases the efficiency of the Nation's geospatial community by improving communications about geospatial data, products, services, projects, needs, standards, and best practices.The NGP comprises seven major components (described below), that are managed as a unified set. For example, The National Map establishes data standards and identifies geographic areas where specific types of geospatial data need to be incorporated into The National Map. Partnership Network Liaisons work with Federal, State, local, and tribal partners to help acquire the data. Geospatial technical operations ensure the quality control, integration, and availability to the public of the data acquired. The Emergency Operations Office provides th requirements to The National Map and, during emergencies and natural disasters, provides rapid dissemination of information and data targeted to the needs of emergency responders. The National Atlas uses data from The National Map and other sources to make small-scale maps and multimedia articles about the maps.

Carswell, William J. Jr.

2011-01-01

326

Celebrating Family Literacy through Intergenerational Programming.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for administrators, educators, and people interested in children's learning, this book explores ways to reawaken parents' understanding of their role as their children's first teachers. The volume is divided into four major sections. Part 1, which provides a background and rationale for developing intergenerational programming in support…

Matthias, Margaret, Ed.; Gulley, Beverly, Ed.

327

Effectiveness of a hospital school mathematics literacy program.  

PubMed

To receive treatment for cancer, patients in Brazil often travel to larger hospitals that may be located far away from their families and communities. Pediatric patients miss time in the classroom and may achieve educational milestones later than other students. They may also struggle with some educational topics after receiving certain types of cancer treatment. The Hospital School at the GRAACC helps to close this education gap by providing educational support to school-age students receiving treatment for cancer. In addition to providing educational services during treatment, teachers at the hospital school, Mobile School - Specific Student (EMAE). The objective of this preliminary study is to build knowledge about the impact of school enrollment on mathematics literacy in hospitalized cancer patients undergoing treatment. We followed 15-year-old patients (n = 54) with at last 1 year inside the hospital school for a period of 8 years (2001-2008). Study participants were affected by a variety of diseases including bone tumors (n = 39), Hodgkin lymphoma (n = 08) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (n = 07). The level of participants' mathematical literacy was regularly assessed by reviewing the results of formative assessments completed by students. Using that information, students were grouped into categories according to mathematics literacy levels established by the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). The formative assessment is based on the analysis of all the material produced by the student and the EMAE teacher across the years of the study, including the recordings of working meetings that were held with all the teachers every class day. PMID:22910519

Covic, Amalia Neide; Kanemoto, Eduardo; Bastos, Andre Covic

2012-01-01

328

Computer Literacy of Turkish Preservice Teachers in Different Teacher Training Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on an investigation into the sophomore and senior preservice teachers' computer literacy in different teacher training programs and to determine relationship between grades and the teacher training programs in terms of their computer literacy. The study used case study research methodology, and the sample consisted of 276…

Ozsevgec, Tuncay

2011-01-01

329

Pennsylvania's Family Literacy Programs: Results of a Statewide Evaluation, 1998-1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A statewide evaluation indicated Pennsylvania's family literacy programs were meeting goals and providing family-centered, integrated educational services for eligible families. Findings indicated that family literacy programs recruited eligible and "most in need" families; enrolled families had young children; parents had limited formal schooling…

Van Horn, Barbara; Kassab, Cathy; Grinder, Elisabeth

330

Early Literacy Program, Grades 1 and 2, 1992-93. Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study evaluated the Early Literacy program that served 2,278 underachieving pupils in grades one (1,655) and two (623) who appeared unlikely to learn to read successfully without additional reading instruction. The Early Literacy program teacher and each small group of pupils worked together each day for 40-45 minutes on reading and writing…

Pollock, John S.

331

Determining the Characteristics of Successful Women in an Adult Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study identified the characteristics of women in an adult literacy program who had been successful in their return to studies. It was designed to learn more about the needs of women learners and what literacy programs can do to help women be successful in their return to studies. The literature review focused on these topics: women's knowledge,…

Nixon-Ponder, Sarah

332

Teachers' Perceptions of Integrating Information and Communication Technologies into Literacy Instruction: A National Survey in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research explores literacy teachers' perceptions of integrating information communication technologies (ICTs) into literacy instruction. To this end, a national survey of 1,441 literacy teachers in the United States was conducted. The survey provided data concerning the types and levels of reported availability and use of ICTs, beliefs about…

Hutchison, Amy; Reinking, David

2011-01-01

333

Operationalization of Community-Based Participatory Research Principles: Assessment of the National Cancer Institute's Community Network Programs  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We examined how National Cancer Institute–funded Community Network Programs (CNPs) operationalized principles of community-based participatory research (CBPR). Methods. We reviewed the literature and extant CBPR measurement tools. On the basis of that review, we developed a 27-item questionnaire for CNPs to self-assess their operationalization of 9 CBPR principles. Our team comprised representatives of 9 of the National Cancer Institute's 25 CNPs. Results. Of the 25 CNPs, 22 (88%) completed the questionnaire. Most scored well on CBPR principles of recognizing community as a unit of identity, building on community strengths, facilitating colearning, embracing iterative processes in developing community capacity, and achieving a balance between data generation and intervention. CNPs varied in the extent to which they employed CBPR principles of addressing determinants of health, sharing power among partners, engaging the community in research dissemination, and striving for sustainability. Conclusions. Although the development of assessment tools in this field is in its infancy, our findings suggest that fidelity to CBPR processes can be assessed in a variety of settings.

Nguyen, Tung T.; Tanjasiri, Sora Park; Campbell, Janis; Heiney, Sue P.; Brandt, Heather M.; Smith, Selina A.; Blumenthal, Daniel S.; Hargreaves, Margaret; Coe, Kathryn; Ma, Grace X.; Kenerson, Donna; Patel, Kushal; Tsark, JoAnn; Hebert, James R.

2012-01-01

334

Middle and High School Literacy Coaches: A National Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to investigate whether published standards for secondary literacy coaches align with the qualifications, roles, and responsibilities of literacy coaches currently active in the secondary setting, the researchers used survey research. Research questions included the extent to which coaches were qualified, the roles and responsibilities…

Blamey, Katrin L.; Meyer, Carla Kay; Walpole, Sharon

2008-01-01

335

Assessing New Zealand High School Science: Considerations for Teachers' Assessment Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers the standards-based assessment system used for high school science in New Zealand and explores the required assessment literacy of teachers working within this system, using a simple focus-area model. In New Zealand, school qualifications are achieved through the assessment of student work against a set of achievement…

Edwards, Frances

2013-01-01

336

Adventures in Assessment: Learner-Centered Approaches to Assessment and Evaluation in Adult Literacy, 2000. Volume 12: Experiences with Standards-Based Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this volume of "Adventures in Assessment," an annual literacy education journal, teachers and practitioners write about their experiences with standards-based reform initiatives at the state and national levels. The following seven articles are included: "What Makes a Good Teacher?" (Marie F. Hassett); "Successful Supervision: Three…

Simmons, Alison, Ed.

2000-01-01

337

The Model U.N. Program: Teaching Unreality. A United Nations Assessment Project Study. The Heritage Foundation Backgrounder No. 282.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An evaluation of the instructional materials used by high school and college students who participated in the Model United Nations Program showed that the program is uncritical of the United Nations (U.N.) and biased against the United States and the West in general. These materials are strongly promoted by many prominent educational professional…

Gulick, Thomas G.; Merkle, Melanie L.

338

Evaluating an Innovative Program through the Problem-Solving Test in the Swedish National Assessment Programme 1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A program for national educational evaluation was established in Sweden in 1989. In 1992, a second data collection was carried out. The program is designed to serve national and local purposes of evaluation. One concept that has been emphasized strongly is an "explorative way of working." Evaluating an explorative way of working is a complex…

Karrqvist, Christina; Oquist, Oscar

339

Exploring environmental literacy in low-literate communities of Pakistan: A descriptive study to recommend strategies for planning environmental education programs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The widely accepted definition of environmental education as stated by The Tbilisi Declaration of 1978 focuses on developing an environmentally literate citizenry which is capable of working "...individually and collectively toward solutions of current [environmental] problems and the prevention of new ones". The two basic tenets of environmental literacy are further defined in this study as the ability to understand environmental problems and the ability to address those environmental problems in a responsible manner. Acquisition of knowledge has also been considered an important element when developing environmental literacy programs. However, a large sector of the world population is non- or low-literate and communication is through channels other than the written word. The challenge for environmental educators is to reach the low-literate learners who have not had many opportunities to participate in formal education activities through established institutions. The purpose of this study was to describe levels of environmental literacy in communities with varying levels of formal literacy in two cities, Karachi and Islamabad, Pakistan to determine the role formal literacy plays in enhancing environmental literacy and decision making in relation to age, sex, location, number of years spent in formal education, and the socio-economic status (SES) of adult learners. Based on the outcomes, recommendations were made for designing effective programs to ensure involvement of low-literate communities in established decision-making processes through relevant program planning. This study suggested strategies to program planners and environmental educators for designing programs that reach low-literate communities, highlight local environmental concerns, and empower these communities in addressing local environmental issues. A purposive sample was identified from the constituencies of five non-governmental organizations in Karachi and Islamabad, Pakistan. Two instruments, one to measure levels of formal literacy, and the other to assess environmental literacy of the participants at the nominal, functional, and operational levels, were developed for this study. Negligible correlations were found between environmental literacy and the demographic or "external" variables of age, sex, location, number of years participants had spent in formal education institutions, socio-economic status, and formal literacy. However, some low and moderate positive correlations were found between formal literacy and age, sex, location, number of years participants had spent in formal education institutions, and socio-economic status of the participants. No correlations were found between environmental literacy and formal literacy indicating that the ability to read and write did not relate to environmental literacy or awareness in the participants.

Daudi, Sabiha Shafique

2000-10-01

340

Effective post-literacy learning: A question of a national human resource strategy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Initial literacy courses must be followed by opportunities for consolidating the mechanics of literacy skills and practical application of three skills in life. Experience has shown that these `post-literacy' objectives can be achieved, not by a second stage of the literacy course, but by a range of opportunities for learning and application of learning through a network of continuing education opportunities geared to the diverse needs and circumstances of different categories of neo-literates. A taxonomy of learner categories and learning needs is seen as a basis for planning and supporting the network of post-literacy learning. Examples from China, India and Thailand demonstrate the importance of recognizing the continuity of literacy and post-literacy efforts, the need for commitment of resources for this continuum of learning, the role of an organizational structure to deal with this continuum in a coordinated way, and the value of a comprehensive range of learning opportunities for neo-literates. A necessary condition for success in building a network of continuing learning opportunities and contributing to the creation of a `learning society' is to make human resource development the core of national development. It is argued that the scope and dimensions of post-literacy continuing education are integrally linked with the goal of mass basic education and ultimately with the vision of a `learning society'. Such a vision can be a reality only with a serious human resource development focus in national development that will permit the necessary mobilization of resources, the coordination of sectors of government and society and the generation of popular enthusiasm. A radical or an incremental approach can be taken to move towards the primacy of a human resource strategy in national development. In either case, a functioning coordination and support mechanism has to be developed for the key elements of mass basic education including post-literacy learning.

Ahmed, Manzoor

1989-12-01

341

Use of Video Podcasts to Communicate Scientific Findings to Non-Scientists--- Examples from the U.S. Geological Survey National Water-Quality Assessment Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S Geological Survey (USGS) National Water-Quality Assessment Program (NAWQA) provides information about (1) water-quality conditions and how those conditions vary locally, regionally, and nationally, (2) water-quality trends, and (3) factors that affect those conditions. As part of the NAWQA Program, the Effects of Urbanization on Stream Ecosystems (EUSE) study examined the vulnerability and resilience of streams to urbanization. Completion

D. A. Harned; G. McMahon; K. Capelli

2010-01-01

342

Desert Survivors: The Design and Implementation of a Television Program to Enhance Local Scientific Literacy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Description of a program to enhance science literacy in elementary school children that allows experts to reach a tremendous audience while minimizing their time commitment. The foundation of the program is a television series entitled "Desert Survivors."

Jenifer C. Utz (University of Nevada School of Life Sciences); Candice M. Rausch (University of Nevada School of Life Sciences); Laurie Fruth (University of Nevada Hank Greenspun School of Journalism and Media Studies); Megan E. Thomas (University of Nevada School of Life Sciences); PhD Frank van van Breukelen (University of Nevada School of Life Sciences)

2007-03-01

343

Animal Crackers, Milk, and a Good Book: Creating a Successful Early Childhood Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an early childhood literacy program called Begin with Books and provides ideas for starting up, finding, and administering similar programs in public libraries. Topics include corporate sponsors; staffing; partnering with community organizations; training; scheduling; and budget information. (LRW)

Oakes, Susan; Virbick, Diane E.

2001-01-01

344

Global forest cover mapping for the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization forest resources assessment 2000 program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Many countries periodically produce national reports on the status and changes of forest resources, using statistical surveys and spatial mapping of remotely sensed data. At the global level, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations has conducted a Forest Resources Assessment (FRA) program every 10 yr since 1980, producing statistics and analysis that give a global synopsis of forest resources in the world. For the year 2000 of the FRA program (FRA2000), a global forest cover map was produced to provide spatial context to the extensive survey. The forest cover map, produced at the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) EROS Data Center (EDC), has five classes: closed forest, open or fragmented forest, other wooded land, other land cover, and water. The first two forested classes at the global scale were delineated using combinations of temporal compositing, modified mixture analysis, geographic stratification, and other classification techniques. The remaining three FAO classes were derived primarily from the USGS global land cover characteristics database (Loveland et al. 1999). Validated on the basis of existing reference data sets, the map is estimated to be 77% accurate for the first four classes (no reference data were available for water), and 86% accurate for the forest and nonforest classification. The final map will be published as an insert to the FAO FRA2000 report.

Zhu, Z.; Waller, E.

2003-01-01

345

Adults' Uses of Computer Technology: Associations with Literacy Tasks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined data from a large, nationally representative sample--the National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NCES, 2007)--to examine how computer use and Internet-based literacy practices (use of e-mail, searching for information on the Internet, and Internet chatting) were related to prose, document, and quantitative literacy

Smith, M. Cecil; Smith, Thomas J.

2010-01-01

346

Acid deposition in Maryland: Implications of the results of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program  

SciTech Connect

Acid deposition, commonly referred to as 'acid rain,' is a major global environmental concern. Acid deposition has reportedly resulted in damage to aquatic, terrestrial, and physical resources and has potentially adverse effects on human health. A component of the Maryland acid deposition program is the preparation of an annual report that summarizes yearly activities and costs of ongoing acid deposition research and monitoring programs.

DeMuro, J.; Bowmann, M.; Ross, J.; Blundell, C.; Price, R.

1991-07-01

347

A National Curricular Needs Assessment for a Unique Community College Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1981, a nationwide survey of gunsmithing professionals was conducted to provide information for the revision of Yavapai College's gunsmithing program. The survey was motivated by serious problems with the existing program, including high costs, low enrollment and completion rates, little instructional continuity, and disagreement within the…

Jay, Thomas S.; Gose, Frank J.

348

Literacy across the Curriculum: Connecting Literacy in the Schools, Community and Workplace, 1992-1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first of four issues in this volume consists of these articles: "The Fourth 'R'--Relating"; "On Baseball Cards and Literacy"; "On Literacy and Success"; "National Assessments: What They Can and Cannot Do"; and "In the Classroom: The Integrated Journal." It also contains two book reviews and a list of resources on adolescent literacy, at-risk…

Literacy across the Curriculum, 1992

1992-01-01

349

Identifying the Literacy Requirements of Jobs and Job Literacy Analysis: A New Methodology. Summary Version.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Job Literacy Project used the same adult literacy framework as the National Assessment for Educational Progress (NAEP) research and began the process of applying the framework to the world of work. The NAEP framework consisted of three scales: prose, document, and quantitative. The project tested a new methodology called Job Literacy Analysis,…

Norback, Judith; And Others

350

Assessing the Impact of Health Literacy on Education Retention of Stroke Patients  

PubMed Central

Introduction Inadequate health literacy is a pervasive problem with major implications for reduced health status and health disparities. Despite the role of focused education in both primary and secondary prevention of stroke, the effect of health literacy on stroke education retention has not been reported. We examined the relationship of health literacy to the retention of knowledge after recommended stroke education. Methods This prospective cross-sectional study was conducted at an urban safety-net hospital. Study subjects were patients older than 18 admitted to the hospital stroke unit with a diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke who were able to provide informed consent to participate (N = 100). Health literacy levels were measured by using the short form of Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults. Patient education was provided to patients at an inpatient stroke unit by using standardized protocols, in compliance with Joint Commission specifications. The education outcomes for poststroke care education, knowledge retention, was assessed for each subject. The effect of health literacy on the Stroke Patient Education Retention scores was assessed by using univariate and multivariate analyses. Results Of the 100 participating patients, 59% had inadequate to marginal health literacy. Stroke patients who had marginal health literacy (mean score, 7.45; standard deviation [SD], 1.9) or adequate health literacy (mean score, 7.31; SD, 1.76) had statistically higher education outcome scores than those identified as having inadequate health literacy (mean score, 5.58; SD, 2.06). Results from multivariate analysis indicated that adequate health literacy was most predictive of education outcome retention. Conclusions This study demonstrated a clear relationship between health literacy and stroke education outcomes. Studies are needed to better understand the relationship of health literacy to key educational outcomes for primary or secondary prevention of stroke and to refine stroke education for literacy levels of high-risk populations.

Schnepel, Loretta; Smotherman, Carmen; Livingood, William; Dodani, Sunita; Antonios, Nader; Lukens-Bull, Katryne; Balls-Berry, Joyce; Johnson, Yvonne; Miller, Terri; Hodges, Wayne; Falk, Diane; Wood, David; Silliman, Scott

2014-01-01

351

Canadian National Geomagnetism Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Canadian National Geomagnetism Program provides excellent resources for keeping track of the Earth's ever-changing magnetic field throughout Canada. The information here covers "time-scales ranging from seconds to decades." Data include short- and long-term magnetic activity forecasts, and plots of one-minute variations of the geomagnetic field. Also, an in-depth geomagnetic hazards section discusses effects of magnetic storms on power systems, pipelines, and communication cables.

352

Incorporating data literacy into undergraduate information literacy programs in the social sciences : A pilot project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyze the confluence of data literacy with information literacy in an experimental one-unit course taught in the UCLA Department of Sociology, and present the literature on, rationale for, and future of integrating these interrelated literacies into social science courses. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The course was co-taught twice by a librarian

Elizabeth Stephenson; Patti Schifter Caravello

2007-01-01

353

The Development of Building Wellness™, a Youth Health Literacy Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health literacy research has concentrated on adults; there has been inadequate research on youth health literacy and the effect it may have on health outcomes. Low-income, minority populations have low levels of health literacy and are at higher risk of illness and disease. Building Wellness™ is a youth health literacy curriculum targeting low-income youth from 3rd grade to 8th grade

Catherine Diamond; Sandy Saintonge; Phyllis August; Adeline Azrack

2011-01-01

354

National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science Coastal Ecosystem Assessment Program: A Manual of Methods.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Environmental managers strive to preserve natural resources for future generations but have limited decision-making tools to define ecosystem health. Many programs offer relevant broad-scale, environmental policy information on regional ecosystem health. ...

A. K. Leight D. H. Howard E. J. Lewis G. A. Messick J. M. Jacobs J. R. Brush L. Gonsalves M. R. Rhodes S. M. McLaughlin

2013-01-01

355

Assessing the Adequacy of the National Flood Insurance Program's 1 Percent Flood Standard.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 2001, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) awarded the American Institutes for Research (AIR) a multiyear contract to evaluate the NFIP. This report represents the results of one substudy under the AIR program and addresses the adequacy of th...

D. Plasencia G. B. Baecher G. E. Galloway J. Louthain K. G. Coulton

2006-01-01

356

Santa Clara County Library, Final Performance Report for Library Services and Construction Act (LSCA) Title VI, Library Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final performance report provides project outcome information and data to the U.S. Department of Education for the federally-funded Library Literacy Program. The Santa Clara County (California) Library Reading Program Computer Aided Literacy (CAL) Project involved recruitment, public awareness, training, basic literacy, collection…

Willingham, Taylor; Trajico, Charity A.; Levy, Michael

357

Educational and Mothering Discourses and Learner Goals: Mexican Immigrant Women Enacting Agency in a Family Literacy Program. Research Brief #8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family literacy programs promote certain ideas about literacy and parenting. This study examined how Mexican immigrant women in a family literacy program used mainstream ideas, or discourses, of mothering and parent involvement in education to pursue their own personal and academic goals. The findings revealed that women were at times faced with…

Toso, Blaire Willson

2012-01-01

358

Harlan County Public Library, Final Performance Report for Library Services and Construction Act (LSCA) Title VI, Library Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Harlan County Public Library Literacy Project (Kentucky) provided rural-oriented, basic literacy, and oral history programs to a community of 100,000-200,000. The goal of the project was to produce six booklets about local people and issues, to be used as literacy materials in programs with Appalachian students. Students wanted to produce…

Warren, Carol E.

359

75 FR 17847 - National Financial Literacy Month, 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...many, financial literacy can mean economic prosperity and protection against...financial education. Our recent economic crisis was the result of both irresponsible...understanding the terms. Ensuring this crisis never happens again will...

2010-04-08

360

The Practical Guide to Classroom Literacy Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whether it is standardized test data, student journals, or informal classroom question and answer, assessments provide invaluable, ongoing diagnostic information for making key instructional decisions. In this engaging and comprehensive resource, the authors demonstrate practical ways for embedding test preparation into teaching by integrating…

Barone, Diane M.; Taylor, Joan M.

2006-01-01

361

Information Literacy for Users at the National Medical Library of Cuba: Cochrane Library Course for the Search of Best Evidence for Clinical Decisions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Medical Library of Cuba is currently developing an information literacy program to train users in the use of biomedical databases. This paper describes the experience with the course "Cochrane Library: Evidence-Based Medicine," which aims to teach users how to make the best use of this database, as well as the evidence-based medicine…

Santana Arroyo, Sonia; del Carmen Gonzalez Rivero, Maria

2012-01-01

362

Family Independence Initiative (FII): Lessons Learned about Developing and Delivering Family Literacy Services to Welfare Recipients.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Center for Family Literacy (FCFL) began the Family Independence Initiative (FII) to address the needs of welfare recipients and their families for literacy services. During the FII's development phase in 1997-1998, NCFL funded five family literacy program grantees to develop models of work-focused family literacy services. To satisfy…

Alamprese, Judith A.; Tao, Fumiyo

363

Assessment of Computer Literacy of Secondary School Teachers in Ekiti State, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study assessed computer literacy of secondary school teachers in Ekiti State. Three hundred teachers (Male = 150; Female = 150) selected from 30 public schools in 15 out of 16 local government areas participated. The instrument for collecting data was a 25-item Self-Assessment of Computer Literacy questionnaire and each item was rated on a…

Oluwatayo, James Ayodele

2012-01-01

364

Health Literacy Assessment of the STOFHLA: Paper versus Electronic Administration Continuation Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Low health literacy is associated with poor health outcomes. Research is needed to understand the mechanisms and pathways of its effects. Computer-based assessment tools may improve efficiency and cost-effectiveness of health literacy research. The objective of this preliminary study was to assess if administration of the Short Test of Functional…

Chesser, Amy K.; Keene Woods, Nikki; Wipperman, Jennifer; Wilson, Rachel; Dong, Frank

2014-01-01

365

Reduction of Shape and Weight Concern in Young Adolescents: A 30-Month Controlled Evaluation of a Media Literacy Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of a media literacy program in preventing eating disorders among adolescents is studied. Media literacy can be effective in helping reduce shape and weight concern and other eating disorder risk factors in adolescents over the long term.

Wilksch, Simon M.; Wade, Tracey D.

2009-01-01

366

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine Research Training and Career Development Programs: An Early Assessment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes the deliberations, findings, and recommendations of a working group of experts convened May 24-25, 2004, by the director of the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) to review the content and focus of NC...

2005-01-01

367

Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area, Wyoming and Montana Integrated Weed Management Program Environmental Assessment, January 2004.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area was established by an act of Congress (Public Law 89-64, 16 USC 460t) on October 15, 1966 'to provide for public outdoor recreation use and enjoyment of Yellowtail Reservoir and lands adjacent thereto and for the pr...

2004-01-01

368

Sandia National Laboratories performance assessment methodology for long-term environmental programs : the history of nuclear waste management.  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) is the world leader in the development of the detailed science underpinning the application of a probabilistic risk assessment methodology, referred to in this report as performance assessment (PA), for (1) understanding and forecasting the long-term behavior of a radioactive waste disposal system, (2) estimating the ability of the disposal system and its various components to isolate the waste, (3) developing regulations, (4) implementing programs to estimate the safety that the system can afford to individuals and to the environment, and (5) demonstrating compliance with the attendant regulatory requirements. This report documents the evolution of the SNL PA methodology from inception in the mid-1970s, summarizing major SNL PA applications including: the Subseabed Disposal Project PAs for high-level radioactive waste; the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant PAs for disposal of defense transuranic waste; the Yucca Mountain Project total system PAs for deep geologic disposal of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste; PAs for the Greater Confinement Borehole Disposal boreholes at the Nevada National Security Site; and PA evaluations for disposal of high-level wastes and Department of Energy spent nuclear fuels stored at Idaho National Laboratory. In addition, the report summarizes smaller PA programs for long-term cover systems implemented for the Monticello, Utah, mill-tailings repository; a PA for the SNL Mixed Waste Landfill in support of environmental restoration; PA support for radioactive waste management efforts in Egypt, Iraq, and Taiwan; and, most recently, PAs for analysis of alternative high-level radioactive waste disposal strategies including repositories deep borehole disposal and geologic repositories in shale and granite. Finally, this report summarizes the extension of the PA methodology for radioactive waste disposal toward development of an enhanced PA system for carbon sequestration and storage systems. These efforts have produced a generic PA methodology for the evaluation of waste management systems that has gained wide acceptance within the international community. This report documents how this methodology has been used as an effective management tool to evaluate different disposal designs and sites; inform development of regulatory requirements; identify, prioritize, and guide research aimed at reducing uncertainties for objective estimations of risk; and support safety assessments.

Marietta, Melvin Gary; Anderson, D. Richard; Bonano, Evaristo J.; Meacham, Paul Gregory (Raytheon Ktech, Albuquerque, NM)

2011-11-01

369

Personal Weight Status Classification and Health Literacy Among Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Participants.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to examine the conceptual gap between self-perceived weight and body mass index (BMI), and to assess the knowledge gap between perceived importance of following dietary guidelines and health literacy levels. Adults (n = 131) eligible for the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) were interviewed at eleven SNAP regional offices in Maryland. Based on BMI calculated from self-reported height and weight, 65.6 % of participants were overweight or obese while 40.5 % perceived that they were overweight or obese. In sub-group analysis categorized by BMI, only 20.0 % in the overweight and 20.0 % in the obese group correctly perceived themselves as being overweight or obese. Following dietary guidelines was perceived as important by a majority of participants, but only 43.5 % had adequate health literacy. Conceptual and knowledge gaps between self-perception and objective health status existed in the low-income SNAP-eligible sample. Future studies need to address these gaps because misperceived weight status and insufficient health literacy are critical barriers to inducing behavioral change. PMID:24338035

Song, Hee-Jung; Grutzmacher, Stephanie K; Kostenko, Jane

2014-06-01

370

The Florida Adult Homeless Literacy and Basic Skills Assistance Project 1992-1993. Program Evaluation Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Florida Adult Homeless Literacy and Basic Skills Assistance Project was initiated in 1992 to provide literacy and basic skills training to at least 2,700 homeless Florida adults. In 1993, a limited evaluation of the project was conducted. Evaluation data were collected from reviews of 39 state and local documents, interviews with the program

Gardner, Dan

371

Seek, Gather, and Report. Experiences in Program-Based Literacy Research. Occasional Paper No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains nine articles about the process of doing research by literacy practitioners and volunteers in several areas of the Ontario (Canada) literacy field. "Implementing a Workplace Program: A Look Back" (Maria Ioannou-Makrakis) describes the process followed and the learning outcomes from planning, implementing, and developing a…

Program-Based Research Special Interest Group, London (Ontario).

372

Evaluation of the Effectiveness of an Early Literacy Program for Students with Significant Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the impact of a curriculum called the Early Literacy Skills Builder on the language and early literacy skills of students with significant developmental disabilities. Students in the control group received the ongoing sight word and picture instruction prescribed by their individualized education programs. Results indicate…

Browder, Diane M.; Ahlgrim-Delzell, Lynn; Courtade, Ginevra; Gibbs, Susan L.; Flowers, Claudia

2008-01-01

373

Teaching Health Literacy Using Popular Television Programming: A Qualitative Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Teaching of health and medical concepts in the K-12 curriculum may help improve health literacy. Purpose: The purpose of this project was to determine acceptability and preliminary efficacy of pilot implementation of a health literacy curriculum using brief clips from a popular television program. Methods: Participants included 55…

Primack, Brian A.; Wickett, Dustin J.; Kraemer, Kevin L.; Zickmund, Susan

2010-01-01

374

Adams County Public Library (ACPL) Literacy Program. General Information and Narrative Report September 1988-October 1989.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grant funding enabled the Adams County Public Library (ACPL) in Colorado to hire permanent staff; build collections of library materials for literacy students, tutors, and the general public; provide workbooks to students at no cost; and expand the scope and effectiveness of the literacy program by enabling the development of collections of…

Buchanan, Nancy K.

375

Transitions: Building Partnerships between Literacy Volunteer and Adult Education Programs. A Guide to Effective Transition Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, which is intended for use by decision makers, administrators, volunteers, teachers, and other educators in fields related to adult literacy, is designed to assist in the development and improvement of transition strategies for students participating in volunteer literacy and adult education programs. Chapter 1 summarizes the draft…

National Alliance of Business, Inc., Washington, DC.

376

The Skills Enhancement Literacy Project of Hawaii. Final Program Model. Final Performance Report. Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Skills Enhancement Literacy Project of Hawaii (SELPH) was a demonstration workplace literacy partnership between the College of Education, University of Hawaii-Manoa and the ITT Sheraton Hotels. Four Sheraton Hotels in Waikiki participated in the project. The program was planned, staff and volunteers were recruited, and marketing strategies…

Hawaii Univ., Manoa. Coll. of Education.

377

The Power of Family Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the early findings from the analysis of a family literacy demonstration project under the direction of the National Center for Family Literacy. The data in this report are based upon the experiences of over 300 families who participated in the Toyota Families for Learning Program during the 1992-1993 school year. The first…

National Center for Family Literacy, Louisville, KY.

378

National Area Health Education Center Program: External Assessment Design. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The AHEC (Area Health Education Center) program is designed to demonstrate the ways in which a university health science center (often including a medical school) can improve the supply, distribution, quality, efficiency, and utilization of health care personnel in medically underserved areas through establishment of satellite educational…

Duggar, Benjamin; And Others

379

Making the Randolph-Sheppard Program More Competitive: Results of a National Training Needs Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study involving 97 Business Enterprise Program (BEP) counselors and 99 licensed facility managers from 37 states found that both groups ranked profitability issues and leadership skills as the top two training priorities for a two-day Randolph-Sheppard regional training conference. Crisis management and food safety were also ranked highly. (CR)

Moore, J. Elton

1999-01-01

380

AN ASSESSMENT OF THE QUALITY AND FUNCTIONALITY OF THE FOOD AND FIBER SYSTEMS LITERACY WEBSITE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agricultural educators have developed ideas and been provided opportunities to address agricultural literacy concerns as outlined in the 1988 National Research Council (NRC) report on the status of agricultural education in the United States. At the time, the NRC concluded teachers were generally unaware of how to secure better agricultural literacy materials or receive help in the use of available

Daniel J. Hubert; James G. Leising

381

Assessing the Impact Participation in Science Journalism Activities Has on Scientific Literacy among High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of the National Science Foundation Science Literacy through Science Journalism (SciJourn) research and development initiative (http://www.scijourn.org; Polman, Saul, Newman, and Farrar, 2008) a quasi-experimental design was used to investigate what impact incorporating science journalism activities had on students' scientific literacy.…

Farrar, Cathy

2012-01-01

382

Working Together for Literacy. A Guidebook for Local Language Literacy Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to help communities in preliterate societies break the barrier of illiteracy, this book presents a simple basic foundation for literacy instruction that can be handled by local people with little experience. The book explains each step with great detail. The four chapters are as follows: (1) "Local Language Literacy and Developing…

Stringer, Mary D.; Faraclas, Nicholas G.

383

National transuranic program plan  

SciTech Connect

As a result of various program initiatives, the U.S. generated and will continue to generate waste contaminated with radioactive materials. Because of increased awareness of the risks and special requirements to safely manage long-lived alpha-emitting radionuclides, a new category of radioactive waste, transuranic (TRU) waste, was adopted in 1970. Heads of Field Elements can determine that other alpha-contaminated wastes, peculiar to a specific site, must be managed as transuranic waste{close_quotes}. TRU waste is generated and stored at various DOE sites around the country. In December 1993, the National Transuranic Program Office (NTPO) was established as part of the Carlsbad Area Office (CAO) to integrate and coordinate the diverse organizational elements that contribute to the complex-wide management of TRU waste. Numerous sites with small TRU waste inventories are also part of the national TRU waste system. The majority of TRU waste is also contaminated with hazardous materials and is thus considered mixed waste. Mixed waste must be managed in compliance with all federal, state, and local regulations that are applicable to the radioactive and/or hazardous component of the waste. Each generator site is responsible for the management of its respective waste. Sites must plan and implement programs to minimize, characterize, package, treat, store, ship, and dispose of all TRU waste; construct required waste management facilities and equipment; obtain permits; perform site-specific National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) analyses; conduct environmental studies; perform laboratory analyses; and certify that waste meets appropriate disposal facility criteria. Due to the toxicity and long half-lives of TRU radionuclides, TRU waste must be disposed in a manner that offers greater confinement than shallow land burial.

Not Available

1994-10-11

384

50 CFR 86.123 - Comprehensive National Assessment schedule.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE AND SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM BOATING INFRASTRUCTURE GRANT (BIG) PROGRAM Completing the Comprehensive National Assessment § 86.123 Comprehensive National Assessment schedule....

2013-10-01

385

Young People's Writing in 2011: Findings from the National Literacy Trust's Annual Literacy Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report only outlines findings that relate to writing, taken from the author's second annual literacy survey, which she conducted in November/December 2011. Nearly 21,000 young people aged 8 to 16 participated. Writing is an important issue in the UK today. While children's and young people's writing standards had plateaued between 2006 and…

Clark, Christina

2012-01-01

386

On-Line Literacy Development: A Context for Technology in Adult Literacy Education. Contractor Report, Adult Literacy and New Technologies: Tools for a Lifetime.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A considerable body of evidence indicates that using technology simply to expand traditional adult literacy approaches and programs will not likely meet existing literacy needs, let alone the heightened expectations of the national literacy goal. One promising approach is to use home-based personal computers (PCs) equipped with modems and…

Reder, Stephen

387

Learning from the National Board Portfolio Process: What Teachers Discovered about Literacy Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a communities-of-practice framework, this qualitative study investigated what eight teachers learned about literacy teaching and learning through participation in the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards certification process. This article presents two selected teacher cases which suggest that the National Board process created…

Place, Nancy A.; Coskie, Tracy L.

2006-01-01

388

Adolescent Literacy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Data from recent national assessments indicate that many middle and high school students are failing to comprehend text at a proficient level. This website includes links to resources that can be used to help improve adolescent literacy. One website resource is the "Improving Adolescent Literacy: Effective Classroom and Intervention Practices" guide. This Practice Guide was developed by an expert panel convened by the Institute of Education Sciences. It is designed to address challenges in improving literacy levels in middle and high school and providing interventions for struggling adolescent readers. The Practice Guide offers a set of five research-based recommendations. A summary of the research evidence and a level of evidence rating are provided for each recommendation. These recommendations have been merged into four practices: vocabulary instruction, comprehension strategies, engaging text discussion, and intensive intervention. The site also includes an "Improving Adolescent Literacy" diagram which can be used by presenters or professional developers to orient their audience to the central practices and recommendations in the Adolescent Literacy topic and a video recording from Dr. Michael Kamil. Dr. Kamil gives an overview of some key instructional practices and intervention recommendations. There are also 3 planning templates that can be used to help districts and schools to provide professional development for teaching reading in content areas, to support teachers in working with struggling students, and to develop procedures for providing interventions for below-average readers.

2010-01-01

389

NSF's Research Opportunities for Women Program: An Assessment of the First Three Years. National Science Foundation Report 90-13.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes a study of the effectiveness of the National Science Foundation's Research Opportunities for Women (ROW) program in encouraging female scientists and engineers to initiate research careers. Study findings are based on telephone interviews conducted with 657 ROW-eligible women: 255 who applied through the ROW program, 302 who…

National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.

390

National Assessment of School Resource Officer Programs: Survey of Students in Three Large New SRO Programs. Document Number 209270  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this report, School Resource Officer (SRO) programs in four school districts are examined. The study was primarily concerned with what variables affect students' comfort level in reporting crimes to the SRO, and their perceptions of safety. The analysis was driven by data obtained through surveys of 907 students. Using these data, seven…

McDevitt, Jack; Panniello, Jenn

2005-01-01

391

76 FR 43286 - National Assessment Governing Board; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2013 Pilot Writing computer-based assessment...the Technology and Engineering Literacy assessment...preparation for the 2012 computer-based Writing Pilot...8th graders on the computer-based Technology and Engineering Literacy...

2011-07-20

392

Assessing Information Literacy Skills Development in First Year Students: A Multi-Year Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessment data from 5 years of a pretest/posttest with first-year students was analyzed using McNemar's test. The results show that revisiting previous assessment data can identify significant changes in information literacy skill development.

Fain, Margaret

2011-01-01

393

National Methamphetamine Threat Assessment, 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Methamphetamine Threat Assessment 2008 is a national-level strategic assessment of methamphetamine trafficking in the United States. This assessment addresses significant trends in methamphetamine production, transportation, distribution, and...

2007-01-01

394

Report of the Regional and National Literacy Network of Research and Professional Organizations (1st, Naperville, Illinois, November 15, 2001).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Center for Literacy (part of the North Central Regional Educational Laboratory) established the Regional and National Network of Research and Professional Organizations, which examines current trends in literacy research on a national level. The first meeting of the Research Network was held in 2001, and featured a panel of expert researchers…

Righeimer, Jennie M.; Voss, Cathy

395

Classroom Literacy Assessment. Making Sense of What Students Know and Do. Solving Problems in the Teaching of Literacy Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Showcasing assessment practices that can help teachers plan effective instruction, this book addresses the real-world complexities of teaching literacy in grades K-8. Leading contributors present trustworthy approaches that examine learning processes as well as learning products, that yield information on how the learning environment can be…

Paratore, Jeanne R. Ed.; McCormack, Rachel L. Ed.; Block, Cathy, Collins Ed.

2007-01-01

396

A CRITICAL EXAMINATION OF PISA’S ASSESSMENT ON SCIENTIFIC LITERACY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The OECD “Programme for International Student Assessment” or (PISA) is one of the largest-scale international efforts that\\u000a have been launched to assess students’ scientific literacy. Such an international assessment would likely exert a profound\\u000a impact on the science education policies of the participating countries\\/regions, including Hong Kong. This paper sets out\\u000a to examine critically how scientific literacy has been assessed

Kwok-Chi Lau

2009-01-01

397

Mobile Texts and Migrant Audiences: Rethinking Literacy and Assessment in a New Media Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article highlights the importance of rethinking literacy assessment in a digital and global world. Although pressures currently abound to narrow conceptions and practices of literacy, especially in an era of high stakes testing, digital multimodality and connectivity offer the potential for new ways of thinking, representing, and…

Stornaiuolo, Amy; Hull, Glynda; Nelson, Mark Evan

2009-01-01

398

Does Participation in Citizen Science Improve Scientific Literacy? A Study to Compare Assessment Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the use of a contextually sensitive instrument to assess the effect of invasive species monitoring training on the scientific literacy of citizen volunteers. The authors measured scientific literacy scores before and after 57 citizens participated in a 2-day event to learn to monitor invasive species with an instrument…

Cronje, Ruth; Rohlinger, Spencer; Crall, Alycia; Newman, Greg

2011-01-01

399

Does Participation in Citizen Science Improve Scientific Literacy? A Study to Compare Assessment Methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the use of a contextually sensitive instrument to assess the effect of invasive species monitoring training on the scientific literacy of citizen volunteers. The authors measured scientific literacy scores before and after 57 citizens participated in a 2-day event to learn to monitor invasive species with an instrument including 1 general-measures (Science and Engineering Indicator [SEI]) item

Ruth Cronje; Spencer Rohlinger; Alycia Crall; Greg Newman

2011-01-01

400

Use of a Parent Questionnaire in Emergent and Early Literacy Assessment of Preschool Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this project was to evaluate the use of a parent questionnaire in the assessment of emergent and early literacy skills of preschool children with language impairments (LI) and their typically developing (TD) peers to determine the relationship between parent report and more formal measures of early literacy, as well as to…

Boudreau, Donna

2005-01-01

401

Integrating information literacy and its assessment into a graduate business course: A collaborative framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article supports the need for information literacy instruction for business students at the graduate level, and describes the use of a collaborative framework for integrating information literacy into a graduate finance course and for assessing the results. The framework provided a guide for a more structured and fuller collaboration between the librarian and the classroom instructor. A checklist for

Martha Cooney; Lorene Hiris

2003-01-01

402

Assessing the Value-Added Effects of Literacy Collaborative Professional Development on Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a 4-year longitudinal study of the effects of Literacy Collaborative (LC), a school-wide reform model that relies primarily on the one-on-one coaching of teachers as a lever for improving student literacy learning. Kindergarten through second-grade students in 17 schools were assessed twice annually with DIBELS and Terra…

Biancarosa, Gina; Bryk, Anthony S.; Dexter, Emily R.

2010-01-01

403

Assessment of Language Development of Preschoolers: Validating Morrow's Checklist for Assessing Early Literacy Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to establish the validity of the Language Development Rating Scale and the Attitudes toward Reading and Voluntary Reading Behaviour Rating Scale in Morrow's Checklist for Assessing Early Literacy Development for use with preschool children in Hong Kong. The sample comprised 2619 preschool children aged three-five years who were…

Mok, Magdalena Mo Ching; Lam, Hazel Mei Yung

2011-01-01

404

Documentation as Problem Solving for Literacy Outreach Programs  

SciTech Connect

Age-appropriate technical writing lessons for underperforming high-school students can offer them an innovative, ''authentic'' way to improve how they read and write. Thus the techniques and principles of effective technical communication routinely applied at work also provide a positive response to one of today's great educational challenges. This workshop shows participants how to (1) introduce English and science teachers to the value of technical writing as a response to school literacy problems, (2) prepare plausible practice exercises to help students improve their basic literacy, and (3) recognize and respond to known literacy outreach pitfalls. Every effective literacy outreach project based on technical writing needs to address four key problems.

Girill, T R

2004-07-06

405

Using Information and Communication Technologies in Adult Literacy Education: New Practices, New Challenges. An Adult Literacy National Project Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this report, deliberately used is a range of terms to talk about the use of information and communication technologies. The terms include electronic literacy, digital literacy, technological literacy, technoliteracy, multimodal literacies and multiliteracies. There is no argument that the terms are interchangeable, even though they are often…

Snyder, Ilana; Jones, Anne; Lo Bianco, Joseph

2005-01-01

406

Exploring the Value of a Summer Literacy Program on the Learning of At-Risk Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to explore both the short-term and long-term value of a summer literacy program on the literacy learning of at-risk seventh- and eighth-grade students. The students who participated in the study were all slotted for grade-level retention. The program brought them from an isolated and impoverished area to a university campus where they participated in

Marla H. Mallette; James B. Schreiber; Crystal Caffey; Tina Carpenter; Martha Hunter

2009-01-01

407

Ground-Water Data-Collection Protocols and Procedures for the National Water-Quality Assessment Program: Selection, Installation, and Documentation of Wells, and Collection of Related Data  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Protocols for well installation and documentation are included in a 1989 report written for the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Pilot Program of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). These protocols were reviewed and revised to address the needs of the full-scale implementation of the NAWQA Program that began in 1991. This report, which is a collaborative effort between the National Water-Quality Assessment Program and the Office of Water Quality, is the result of that review and revision. This report describes protocols and recommended procedures for the collection of data from wells for the NAWQA Program. Protocols and procedures discussed are well selection, installation of monitoring wells, documentation, and the collection of water level and additional hydrogeologic and geologic data.

Lapham, Wayne W.; Wilde, Franceska D.; Koterba, Michael T.

1995-01-01

408

Impacts Analyses Supporting the National Environmental Policy Act Environmental Assessment for the Resumption of Transient Testing Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document contains the analysis details and summary of analyses conducted to evaluate the environmental impacts for the Resumption of Transient Fuel and Materials Testing Program. It provides an assessment of the impacts for the two action alternative...

2013-01-01

409

Assessing the Impact of Pilot School Snack Programs on Milk and Alternatives Intake in 2 Remote First Nation Communities in Northern Ontario, Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Canadian Aboriginal youth have poorer diet quality and higher rates of overweight and obesity than the general population. This research aimed to assess the impact of simple food provision programs on the intakes of milk and alternatives among youth in Kashechewan and Attawapiskat First Nations (FNs), Ontario, Canada. Methods: A pilot…

Gates, Michelle; Hanning, Rhona M.; Gates, Allison; McCarthy, Daniel D.; Tsuji, Leonard J. S.

2013-01-01

410

DEVELOPMENT OF THE NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSIONS INVENTORY TO SUPPORT APPLICATIONS OF THE EULERIAN REGIONAL ACID DEPOSITION MODEL  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper describes the processes and data sources used to develop temporal, spatial, and species allocation factors for the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP). NAPAP has charged its task group on Emissions and Controls with the development of inventories of a...

411

Development of the NAPAP (National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program) emissions inventory to support applications of the Eulerian regional acid deposition model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes the processes and data sources used to develop temporal, spatial, and species allocation factors for the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP). NAPAP has charged its task group on Emissions and Controls with the development of inventories of acid-rain precursor emissions from anthropogenic sources. To support applications of the Eulerian Regional Acid Deposition Model (RADM), the 1980

F. M. Sellars; J. D. Mobley

1986-01-01

412

Structuring learning environments: Lessons from the organization of post-literacy programs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New conceptual and historical work on the nature of literacy and information on several bellwether post-literacy efforts in developing countries furnish a basis for diagnosing some of the deficiencies in current approaches to post-literacy programming. The key issue is the design of a `literate environment'. Heretofore attention has been concentrated too exclusively on the reading materials and continuing education side of the problem, and insufficient attention has been given to the more critical and difficult aspect: ensuring adequate opportunities for the application of new literate skills. The availability of these functional opportunities is closely related to the possibilities for accumulation and reinvestment of economic surplus in the environment, and to the way in which the related activities are organized. Literacy programs can unite skills relevant to management of local resources with strategies of cultural, political or religious revitalization that mobilize people to use their human resources. They therefore continue to offer an attractive means of initiating a reinvestment spiral from limited initial capital. To realize these potentials at the post-literacy stage, however, requires planning post-literacy before literacy, broadening programs to address primary school leavers as well, and paying greatly increased attention to the economic and social structure of the learning environment.

Easton, Peter A.

1989-12-01

413

Functional Health Literacy and Mental Health in Urban and Rural Mothers of Children Enrolled in Early Intervention Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Functional health literacy," a component of health literacy, refers to the ability to read and interpret medical information. The Short Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (S-TOFHLA) measures the ability to read and interpret medical information. The purpose of this pilot study was to assess and compare levels of maternal functional…

Pizur-Barnekow, Kris; Doering, Jennifer; Cashin, Susan; Patrick, Timothy; Rhyner, Paula

2010-01-01

414

Appalachian Adult Literacy Programs Survey (ALPS). Final Report. Volume I--Narrative; Volume 2--Appendices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Appalachia Educational Laboratory (AEL) contracted with the Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC) to seek information on the presence, operation, and impact of adult learning programs within the 13-state Appalachian Region. Literacy was defined on a program operation base, possible programs were listed, and program descriptions were obtained…

Borei, Sven H. E.; Shively, Joe E.

415

The Role of Storytelling in Effective Family Literacy Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes how the family literacy movement, which emphasizes respect for diversity and the cultural heritage of participants, is gaining momentum. Considers how the art of storytelling provides an excellent vehicle for promoting and enhancing language and literacy development within families. (SG)

Palmer, Barbara C.; Leiste, Sara Marie; James, Kim D.; Ellis, Shirley M.

2000-01-01

416

Climate Literacy Initiatives as part of the TXESS (TeXas Earth and Space Science) Revolution Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For four years the National Science Foundation (NSF)-sponsored TeXas Earth and Space Science (TXESS) Revolution professional development program has helped teachers build a solid foundation in the geosciences through guided inquiry activities and lectures delivered by science experts. The professional development program comprises eight professional development academies and two summer institutes. Climate literacy has been a cross-cutting theme throughout the series of academies and institutes. Although we present a special emphasis on climate literacy in the 7th academy on Climate Change, the 8th academy on Humans at the Helm and the 2nd summer institute module on climate mitigation technology, activities related to climate literacy are woven into each academy. Examples of climate as a cross-cutting theme include a module on water and drought, including research on climate change through the analysis of deep-sea cores, and the effects on the Mayan population. Our distinguished lecturers bring in climate literacy as part of their presentations and programs: our Poking Holes into the Planet and Team Science professional development academy included two distinguished lecturers who brought current research results and educational materials from the ANDRILL (Antarctic Geological Drilling) program and the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program. Our Earth as a Habitable Planet professional development academy featured an activity on corals that used data to explore how higher than normal sea surface temperatures contribute to coral bleaching events. TXESS Revolution also works with our teachers to link them with other opportunities aligned with our professional development goals. With our assistance, one of our TXESS Revolution teachers sailed as part of the science team on Integrated Ocean Drilling Program expedition 317 to investigate sea level fluctuations in the Canterbury Basin offshore New Zealand, creating various resources (e.g., podcasts, blogs) to multiply the impact of her experience. TXESS Revolution teachers are also involved in two curriculum development projects led by TERC on Change Over Time (emphasis on the cryosphere) and Earth System Science: The Key to Climate Literacy with funding from NSF and NASA, respectively. With efforts such as these, the project is bringing improved climate literacy to 170 teachers from rural, suburban, and urban schools across Texas. These teachers reach a geographically, economically and ethnically diverse group of about 17,000 K-12 students of which 67% are minorities, a result that compares favorably with the demographics of the Texas school age population, currently 65.3 % minority.

Olson, H. C.; Ellins, K. K.; Snow, E.; Bryant, S. L.; Olson, J. E.; Castillo Comer, C. A.; Willis, M.; Odell, M.; Stocks, E.

2010-12-01

417

Resource allocation within the National AIDS Control Program of Pakistan: a qualitative assessment of decision maker's opinions  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Limited resources, whether public or private, demand prioritisation among competing needs to maximise productivity. With a substantial increase in the number of reported HIV cases, little work has been done to understand how resources have been distributed and what factors may have influenced allocation within the newly introduced Enhanced National AIDS Control Program of Pakistan. The objective of this

Sara Husain; Masood Kadir; Zafar Fatmi

2007-01-01

418

The (Limited) Use of Local-Level Assessment System: A Case Study of the Head Start National Reporting System and On-Going Child Assessments in a Local Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using concepts from the evaluation literature, this case study describes the instrumental, conceptual, and political influence of the Head Start National Reporting System (NRS) and on-going child assessments in a local Head Start program. This study found that a local program intentionally aimed to limit the influence of the NRS. The NRS validated…

Kallemeyn, Leanne M.; DeStefano, Lizanne

2009-01-01

419

Technologies for Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) is undertaking a comprehensive assessment of literacy in the United States. The assessment will examine how technology offers new resources and creates opportunities to reach learners and improve productivity of learning. OTA will identify ways to increase learning access in existing programs and overcome…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Office of Technology Assessment.

420

Activities of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program in the upper Snake River Basin, Idaho and western Wyoming, 1991-2001  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 1991, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) began a full-scale National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program. The long-term goals of the NAWQA Program are to describe the status and trends in the water quality of a large part of the Nation's rivers and aquifers and to improve understanding of the primary natural and human factors that affect water-quality conditions. In meeting these goals, the program will produce water-quality, ecological, and geographic information that will be useful to policy makers and managers at the national, State, and local levels. A major component of the program is study-unit investigations, upon which national-level assessment activities are based. The program's 60 study-unit investigations are associated with principal river basins and aquifer systems throughout the Nation. Study units encompass areas from 1,200 to more than 65,000 mi2 (square miles) and incorporate about 60 to 70 percent of the Nation's water use and population served by public water supply. In 1991, the upper Snake River Basin was among the first 20 NAWQA study units selected for implementation. From 1991 to 1995, a high-intensity data-collection phase of the upper Snake River Basin study unit (fig. 1) was implemented and completed. Components of this phase are described in a report by Gilliom and others (1995). In 1997, a low-intensity phase of data collection began, and work continued on data analysis, report writing, and data documentation and archiving activities that began in 1996. Principal data-collection activities during the low-intensity phase will include monitoring of surface-water and ground-water quality, assessment of aquatic biological conditions, and continued compilation of environmental setting information.

Low, Walton H.

1997-01-01

421

Cognitive Skill and Economic Inequality: Findings from the National Adult Literacy Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings of an analysis of National Adult Literacy Survey data do not entirely support differences in cognitive skills as explanations for minorities' lower earnings and employment, nor occupational preferences as explanations for women's lower earnings and employment. Labor market discrimination and residential segregation also play a substantial…

Raudenbush, Stephen W.; Kasim, Rafa M.

1998-01-01

422

The National Index of Functional Literacy - 2001: examining the differences between men and women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work is part of a group of studies in the educational field that investigate the differences in the results obtained by men and women in educational researches. The National Index of Functional Literacy is composed from a test of 20 questions of varying difficulty that measure how people make use of reading and writing in their daily activities. It

Amélia Cristina; Abreu Artes

2007-01-01

423

Proceedings of the National Technological Literacy Conference (11th, Arlington, VA, February 8-11, 1996).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The papers in this volume represent a sampling of the perspectives shared at the 1996 National Technological Literacy Conference. The papers are divided into two sections. Section 1, "STS [science, technology, and society]: Philosophical and Sociological Perspectives," includes: (1) "Relevant Science: STS-Oriented Science Courses for All Students"…

Cheek, Dennis W., Ed.; Cheek, Kim A., Ed.

424

Literacy, Imagined Nations, and Imperialism: Frontier College and the Construction of British Canada, 1899-1933.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Frontier College, founded to provide literacy and citizenship education for immigrant men in Canada, embodied Anglo-Canadian nation-building. Analysis of archival documents reveals the nature of the imagined community that was constructed and the conception of race, class, and gender in that community. (Contains 34 references.) (SK)

Walter, Pierre

2003-01-01

425

A Comparative Assessment of Computer Literacy of Private and Public Secondary School Students in Lagos State, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to conduct a comparative assessment of computer literacy of private and public secondary school students. Although the definition of computer literacy varies widely, this study treated computer literacy in terms of access to, and use of, computers and the internet, basic knowledge and skills required to use computers and…

Osunwusi, Adeyinka Olumuyiwa; Abifarin, Michael Segun

2013-01-01

426

Summary and evaluation of pesticides in field blanks collected for the National Water-Quality Assessment Program, 1992-95  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Field blanks are quality-control samples used to assess contamination in environmental water samples. Contamination is the unintentional introduction of a chemical (pesticides in this instance) into an environmental water sample from sources such as inadequately cleaned equipment, dirty hands, dust, rain, or fumes. Contamination causes a positive bias in analytical measurements that may need to be considered in the analysis and interpretation of the environmental data. Estimates of pesticide contamination in environmental water samples collected for the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program are used to qualify, where needed, interpretations of the occurrence and distribution of pesticides in the surface and ground waters of the United States. Field blanks collected from 1992 to 1995 as part of the NAWAQA Program were analyzed for 88 pesticides and pesticide metabolites. Of 47 pesticides determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, 23 were detected at least once in 175 surfacewater field blanks and 15 were detected at least once in 145 ground-water field blanks. The most frequently detected pesticides in surface-water field blanks were atrazine (in 10.9 percent of blanks), simazine (9.1 percent), and metolachlor (4.6 percent). The most frequently detected pesticides in ground-water field blanks were p,p?-DDE (4.1 percent) and atrazine (2.8 percent). The maximum pesticide concentration detected by gas chromatography/ mass spectrometry in a surfacewater field blank was 0.120 microgram per liter (mg/L) for pronamide; the maximum concentration detected in a ground-water field blank was 0.013 mg/L for chlorpyrifos and prometon. Of 41 pesticides determined by high-performance liquid chromatography, diuron and 2,4-D were detected once in 109 surface-water field blanks and bromacil, diuron, and fenuron were detected once in 104 ground-water field blanks. Except for a detection of 2,4-D at 0.230 mg/L, the detectable concentrations of these pesticides were less than or equal to 0.020 mg/L. Field blanks showed no evidence of contamination by most pesticides. Of the 88 pesticides for which the field blanks were analyzed, 63 were not detected in field blanks from surface-water sites and 70 were not detected in field blanks from ground-water sites. Therefore, environmental data for the pesticides not detected in field blanks can be interpreted without qualification for contamination. Field blanks did show evidence of contamination by some pesticides. Most of the pesticides detected in field blanks, however, were detected more frequently and at higher concentrations in environmental water samples. Two criteria were used to evaluate the need to consider contamination in water-quality assessments: (1) a ratio of the frequency of pesticide detection in environmental water samples to the frequency of detection in field blanks of 5.0 or less and (2) a ratio of the median concentration detected in environmental water samples to the maximum concentration detected in field blanks of 2.0 or less. These criteria indicate that contamination, for the majority of the pesticide data collected for the NAWQA Program, probably does not need to be considered in the analysis and interpretation of (1) the frequency of pesticide detection or (2) the median concentration of pesticides detected. Contamination must be considered, however, in detection frequency for cispermethrin, pronamide, p,p?-DDE, pebulate, propargite, ethalfluralin, and triallate in surface water and fenuron, benfluralin, pronamide, cis-permethrin, triallate, chlorpyrifos, trifluralin, propanil, p,p?-DDE, bromacil, dacthal, diazinon, and diuron in ground water. Contamination also must be considered in median concentrations detected for pronamide, p,p?-DDE, propargite, napropamide, and triallate in surface water and benfluralin, cis-permethrin, triallate, chlorpyrifos, trifluralin, p,p?-DDE

Martin, Jeffrey D.; Gilliom, Robert J.; Schertz, Terry L.

1999-01-01

427

Cognitive and Social Perspectives for Literacy Research and Instruction. Thirty-Eighth Yearbook of the National Reading Conference.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This yearbook contains 59 selected articles from the National Reading Conference for 1988 which represent a diversity of topics explored through a variety of research paradigms designed to increase understanding of the critical issues of language and literacy. Included in the collection are "Political and Economic Dimensions of Literacy:…

McCormick, Sandra, Ed.; Zutell, Jerry, Ed.

428

Skills for Life: Statement on the National Strategy for Improving Adult Literacy and Numeracy Skills. The Agency Responds.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

England's Learning and Skills Development Agency welcomes the introduction of a coherent national funding and delivery strategy for adult literacy, numeracy, and English for speakers of other languages (ESOL). The agency believes that the strategy should incorporate the lessons of previous literacy and numeracy initiatives and build on examples of…

Rogers, Penny, Ed.

429

Effects of Selected Even Start Family Literacy Programs in Texas on Participating Children and Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Even Start family literacy programs in Texas were evaluated by outside evaluators. Data were gathered from two groups. The first group consisted of 631 families who were enrolled in 11 Even Start programs in Texas during the 1998-99 and 1999-2000 program years. A survey, in English or Spanish, was administered to all parents in attendance on two…

Seaman, Don F.

430

Transformations. Technical Literacy Training, Retraining for Technology, Tech Prep Bridge Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a series of transparency masters divided into four sections on three types of transformation programs: technical literacy training, retraining for technology, and tech prep programs. The first section includes the following: transformations development; retraining workers for technology; elements of transformations program; Lorain…

Edling, Walter

431

Think Warm Thoughts: Plan Ahead for Summertime Information Literacy Programs! The College Connection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It's winter! While it is frosty outside, one can at least think warm thoughts by starting now to plan ahead for summer information literacy programs. This article is designed to provide some ideas for planning next summer's reading, sleuthing, and research programs. It features a variety of programs organized by academic librarians this past…

Kasowitz-Scheer, Abby

2009-01-01

432

National Performance Audit Program (NPAP).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Performance Audit Program (NPAP) is one of the major components in the quality assurance of the Nation's air monitoring program. Over the last several years and especially in 1993, the NPAP has undergone a metamorphosis. The paper will explor...

E. T. Hunike J. B. Elkins

1993-01-01

433

NATIONAL PERFORMANCE AUDIT PROGRAM (NPAP)  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Performance Audit Program (NPAP) is one of the ma)or components in the duality assurance of the Nation's air monitoring program. ver the last several years and especially in 1993, the NPAP has undergone a metamorphosis. his paper will explore some of the forces behin...

434

Logan Library, Final Performance Report for Library Services and Construction Act (LSCA) Title VI, Library Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Bridgerland Literacy program of Logan Library (Logan, Utah) involved recruitment, retention, public awareness, training, basic literacy, collection development, tutoring, computer assisted, employment oriented, intergenerational/family, and English as a Second Language (ESL) programs. The program served a community of 50,000-100,000 people,…

Steinhoff, Nadene; Jenkins, Ronald

435

Promoting Health Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is designed to help literacy practitioners and others establish health literacy programs to help learners in South Carolina develop the literacy skills needed to perform their role as health consumers and providers and maintain their own health and the health of those they love. The introduction defines literacy and health literacy,…

Wilson, Kathleen K.

436

Building Knowledge in the Workplace and Beyond. A Model National Workplace Literacy Curriculum. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide was developed by a partnership between the College of Lake County (Illinois) and six industries in the county to design and implement a model workplace literacy program targeted to the needs of both employees and employers. To create a generalized, model curriculum that focused on the four general job categories of machine…

Ballinger, Rondalee; Gee, Mary Kay

437

Learning Strategies for Post-Literacy and Continuing Education in Algeria, Egypt and Kuwait. Outcomes of an International Research Project. UIE Studies on Post-Literacy and Continuing Education 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many countries have recently launched massive programs to promote nation-wide adult literacy, but while these efforts have been commendable, it has been observed that neo-literates who acquire literacy through such programs have great difficulty in retaining it; hence an urgent need to develop suitable programs of post-literacy and continuing…

Dave, R. H., Ed.; And Others

438

Fundamentals of Literacy Instruction and Assessment, Pre-K-6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For future literacy teachers just beginning their professional education, nothing's more important than the first core text that builds their foundation for classroom success. That's why every preservice teacher should start with this introductory reading textbook, ideal for teaching fundamental literacy skills to students in pre-K-Grade 6. Based…

Hougen, Martha C., Ed.; Smartt, Susan M., Ed.

2012-01-01

439

Vygotsky in the Classroom: Mediated Literacy Instruction and Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to help teachers think about, analyze, and make decisions on literacy instruction, this book provides the conceptual framework and methodology to put the ideas of Lev Vygotsky into practice for classroom literacy instruction. The book claims that Vygotsky's ideas provide a cohesive framework and an operational model that teachers can use…

Dixon-Krauss, Lisbeth, Ed.

440

Assessing Health Literacy in Diverse Primary Care Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Patient health literacy skills are critical to effective healthcare communication and safe care delivery in primary care settings. Methods and strategies to identify patient health literacy (HL) capabilities and provider/staff knowledge, attitudes and beliefs (KAB) regarding HL must be known before addressing provider/staff communication skills.…

McCune, Renee L.

2010-01-01

441

The Impact of Kindergarten Intervention Project Accelerated Literacy on Emerging Literacy Concepts and Second Grade Reading Comprehension.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationship between success of an early intervention program Project Accelerated Literacy in the kindergarten year and success in second grade reading performance. The intervention was given only to students who demonstrated a literacy delay on kindergarten literacy assessments. Subjects were 283 kindergarten students…

Hausner, Mary E. Interrante

442

Summary of 50-State Preliminary Survey on Basic Literacy Training, Testing, and School District Organization in State Correctional Systems. Coordination Bulletin No. 21.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As an initial effort to assess reading in correctional institutions, a questionnaire was sent to some 70 state directors of corrections, both adult and juvenile, by the National Clearinghouse for Offender Literacy Programs which is sponsored by the American Bar Association, the American Correctional Association, and the National Association of…

American Bar Association, Washington, DC. Clearinghouse for Offender Literacy Programs.

443

Adolescent Literacy. Fact Sheet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Millions of students are graduating from high school without the necessary reading and writing skills for career and college success. According to the long-term trend reading assessments of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), the literacy of thirteen- and seventeen-year-olds on the NAEP has stagnated for close to four decades.…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2010

2010-01-01

444

No Quick Fix: Rethinking Literacy Programs in America's Elementary Schools. Language and Literacy Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responding to the growing consensus among researchers and educators that prevention of learning problems makes more sense than remediation, this book presents essays that suggest ways to improve literacy instruction for all children, particularly those who are at risk. Essays in the book discuss practical matters such as funding, curriculum,…

Allington, Richard L., Ed.; Walmsley, Sean A., Ed.

445

ESL Library Skills: An Information Literacy Program for Adults with Low Levels of English Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper introduces the ESL Information Literacy Project (ESLILP) at the University of Ballarat. It describes the development, implementation and evaluation of a library orientation course designed in a TAFE context for adult, non-academic students who speak English as a Second Language (ESL). The paper seeks to raise awareness of an apparent…

Macdonald, Katrina

2008-01-01

446

Annual report of the Environmental Restoration Monitoring and Assessment Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory for FY 1992  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the salient features of the annual efforts of the investigations and monitoring, conducted to support the Environmental Restoration (ER) Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The results presented can be used to develop a conceptual understanding of the key contaminants and the sources, fluxes, and processes affecting their distribution and movement. This information forms a basis for prioritizing sites and for selecting, implementing, and evaluating remedial actions. Groundwater, soils, sediments, and surface water monitoring results are described.

Clapp, R.B. (ed.)

1992-09-01

447

Procedures for Collecting and Processing Streambed Sediment and Pore Water for Analysis of Mercury as Part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Mercury (Hg) contamination is an issue of national concern, affecting both wildlife and human health. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program, in association with the USGS Toxic Substances Hydrology Program and the USGS National Research Program, has initiated two levels of studies to investigate Hg contamination of the Nation's streams: reconnaissance and detailed studies. Reconnaissance studies entailed one-time sampling events at 266 stream sites across the Nation. Detailed studies entailed intensive spatial and temporal sampling of a small number of streams across the Nation in an effort to develop a more complete, process-level understanding of benthic Hg geochemistry and the underlying factors controlling it. This report summarizes the sampling methods used for the collection and processing of streambed sediment and pore water in association with both of these study levels. Bed-sediment characteristics, such as organic content and grain size, strongly influence Hg geochemistry; detailed characterization of these constituents within a stream reach will allow for the extrapolation of related Hg biogeochemical constituents to the reach scale.

Lutz, Michelle A.; Brigham, Mark E.; Marvin-DiPasquale, Mark

2008-01-01

448

National Job Corps Study: The Impacts of Job Corps on Participants' Literacy Skills. Final Report. Research and Evaluation Report Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the extent to which Job Corps improves literacy and numeracy skills. Chapter I provides an overview of Job Corps and discusses key policy issues related to basic skills and study objectives. Chapter II addresses study design issues, interview response rates, and analytic methods used to estimate program impacts on literacy

Glazerman, Steven; Schochet, Peter Z.; Burghardt, John

449

National Water Quality Assessment Program; preliminary assessment of nitrate distribution in ground water in the Georgia-Florida Coastal Plain study unit, 1972-90  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey has implemented the National Water Quality Assessment program to describe the quality of the surface- and ground- water resources in 60 large areas or study units in the Nation. The Georgia-Florida Coastal Plain study unit was one of the first 20 selected for study when the full-scale program was implemented in 1991. The study unit has an area of about 54,000 square miles and is located on the south- eastern coast of the United States. The primary source of water supply in this study unit is ground-water from the Upper Floridan aquifer of the Floridan aquifer system. The Upper Floridan aquifer is unconfined or semiconfined in some parts of the study unit, but in other parts is confined by the overlying surficial aquifer system and other confining units. The surficial aquifer system is also used for water supply in some parts of the study unit. Three land-resource areas have been delineated in the study unit on the basis of generalized soil classifications: the Central Florida Ridge, Coastal Flatwoods, and Southern Coastal Plain. Predominant land use and land cover as classified in the 1970's, are forest, agriculture, wetlands, and urban. Nitrate data for water from the Upper Floridan aquifer and the surficial aquifer system were obtained from the National Water Information System data base of the U.S. Geological Survey for the years 1972- 90. In the Upper Floridan aquifer, the highest median nitrate (as nitrogen) concentrations (0.43 and 0.26 milligrams per liter) were in water samples from wells in agricultural and urban areas where the aquifer was unconfined or semiconfined. The maximum contaminant level for nitrate (as nitrogen) in drinking water of 10 milligrams per liter was exceeded in 25 of the 726 water samples from this aquifer. These 25 samples were from wells in urban areas. In water samples from the surficial aquifer system, the highest median nitrate concentration, 8.7 milligrams per liter, was for water samples from agricultural areas in the Central Florida Ridge area. Nitrate (as nitrogen) concentrations exceeded 10 milligrams per liter in 50 of the 421 water samples from wells completed in the surficial aquifer system. Most of these 50 water samples were from wells in agricultural and urban areas (sewage spraying areas) in the Central Florida Ridge area.

Berndt, M. P.

1993-01-01

450

Gender, Assessment and Students' Literacy Learning: Implications for Formative Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Formative assessment is intended to develop students' capacity to learn and increase the effectiveness of teaching. However, the extent to which formative assessment can meet these aims depends on the relationship between its conception and current conceptions of learning. In recent years concern about sex group differences in achievement has led…

Murphy, Patricia; Ivinson, Gabrielle

2005-01-01

451

In Support of Prior Learning Assessment and Outcomes Assessment of Prior Learning Assessment Programs. Proceedings of the National Institute on the Assessment of Experiential Learning (Princeton, New Jersey, June 12-15, 1993).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains two papers from the 1993 National Institute on the Assessment of Experiential Learning. "In Support of Prior Learning Assessment" (Rebecca C. Hull) highlights arguments in opposition to the acceptance of prior learning assessment and the responses that might best counter these arguments. "Outcomes Assessment of Prior…

Dagavarian, Debra A., Ed.

452

Biotic, water-quality, and hydrologic metrics calculated for the analysis of temporal trends in National Water Quality Assessment Program Data in the Western United States  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey's National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program was established by Congress in 1991 to collect long-term, nationally consistent information on the quality of the Nation's streams and groundwater. The NAWQA Program utilizes interdisciplinary and dynamic studies that link the chemical and physical conditions of streams (such as flow and habitat) with ecosystem health and the biologic condition of algae, aquatic invertebrates, and fish communities. This report presents metrics derived from NAWQA data and the U.S. Geological Survey streamgaging network for sampling sites in the Western United States, as well as associated chemical, habitat, and streamflow properties. The metrics characterize the conditions of algae, aquatic invertebrates, and fish. In addition, we have compiled climate records and basin characteristics related to the NAWQA sampling sites. The calculated metrics and compiled data can be used to analyze ecohydrologic trends over time.

Wiele, Stephen M.; Brasher, Anne M.D.; Miller, Matthew P.; May, Jason T.; Carpenter, Kurt D.

2012-01-01

453

Cook It Up! A community-based cooking program for at-risk youth: overview of a food literacy intervention  

PubMed Central

Background In Canada, there are limited occasions for youth, and especially at-risk youth, to participate in cooking programs. The paucity of these programs creates an opportunity for youth-focused cooking programs to be developed, implemented, and evaluated with the goal of providing invaluable life skills and food literacy to this potentially vulnerable group. Thus, an 18-month community-based cooking program for at-risk youth was planned and implemented to improve the development and progression of cooking skills and food literacy. Findings This paper provides an overview of the rationale for and implementation of a cooking skills intervention for at-risk youth. The manuscript provides information about the process of planning and implementing the intervention as well as the evaluation plan. Results of the intervention will be presented elsewhere. Objectives of the intervention included the provision of applied food literacy and cooking skills education taught by local chefs and a Registered Dietitian, and augmented with fieldtrips to community farms to foster an appreciation and understanding of food, from 'gate to plate'. Eight at-risk youth (five girls and three boys, mean age = 14.6) completed the intervention as of November 2010. Pre-test cooking skills assessments were completed for all participants and post-test cooking skills assessments were completed for five of eight participants. Post intervention, five of eight participants completed in-depth interviews about their experience. Discussion The Cook It Up! program can provide an effective template for other agencies and researchers to utilize for enhancing existing programs or to create new applied cooking programs for relevant vulnerable populations. There is also a continued need for applied research in this area to reverse the erosion of cooking skills in Canadian society.

2011-01-01

454

Ground-Water Data-Collection Protocols and Procedures for the National Water-Quality Assessment Program: Collection and Documentation of Water-Quality Samples and Related Data  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Protocols for ground-water sampling are described in a report written in 1989 as part of the pilot program for the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). These protocols have been reviewed and revised to address the needs of the full-scale implementation of the NAWQA Program that began in 1991. This report, which is a collaborative effort between the NAWQA Program and the USGS Office of Water Quality, is the result of that review and revision. This report describes protocols and recommended procedures for the collection of water-quality samples and related data from wells for the NAWQA Program. Protocols and recommended procedures discussed include (1) equipment setup and other preparations for data collection; (2) well purging and field measurements; (3) collecting and processing ground-water-quality samples; (4) equipment decontamination; (5) quality-control sampling; and (6) sample handling and shipping.

Koterba, Michael T.; Wilde, Franceska D.; Lapham, Wayne W.

1995-01-01

455

NATIONAL LAKE ASSESSMENT MONITORING DESIGN  

EPA Science Inventory

The USEPA designed the National Lake Assessment in 2005-6 with field sampling being completed in 2007. The objective of the assessment is to estimate the ecological condition of lakes and reservoirs nationally. The objective of this paper is to describe the national survey desi...

456

Middle School Assessments that Contribute to Literacy Goals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessment in physical education is not new. What is new is a national focus on teacher evaluation systems that include the use of student achievement scores from administered assessments. An additional educational focus is on the implementation of Common Core Learning Standards in all subject areas, including physical education. Physical…

Mercier, Kevin; Whitley, Meredith A.; Manson, Mara

2014-01-01

457

Use of a Supplementary Internet Based Education Program Improves Sleep Literacy in College Psychology Students  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Knowledge regarding the importance of sleep in health and performance and good sleep hygiene practices is low, especially among adolescents and young adults. It is important to improve sleep literacy. Introductory psychology is one of the most highly enrolled courses at colleges and universities. This study tested the impact of an Internet-based learning module on improving sleep literacy in this venue. Methods: An Internet-based supplementary learning module containing sleep physiology and hygiene information was developed using content from the Harvard Medical School sleep educational website http://www.understandingsleep.org. Access to the module was provided as an extra credit activity for 2 of 4 sections (Supplemental Sleep, SS, N = 889) of an introductory college psychology course during their standard instruction on sleep and dreaming. The remaining 2 sections (Standard Instruction, SI, N = 878) only were encouraged to visit the website without further direction. Level of knowledge was assessed before and after availability to the module/website and at the end of the semester. Students were asked to complete a survey at the end of the semester inquiring whether they made any changes in their sleep behaviors. Results: Two hundred fifty students participated in the extra credit activity and had data available at all testing points. Students in the SS Group had a significant improvement in sleep knowledge test scores after interacting with the website in comparison to the SI group (19.41 ± 3.15 vs. 17.94 ± 3.08, p < 0.001). This difference persisted, although at a lower level, at the end of the semester. In addition, 55.9% of the SS group versus 45.1% of the SI group indicated that they made changes in their sleep habits after participation in the extra credit sleep activity (p < 0.01). The most common change was a more consistent wake time. Conclusion: Use of a supplementary internet-based sleep learning module has the potential to enhance sleep literacy and change behavior among students enrolled in an introductory college psychology course. Citation: Quan SF; Anderson JL; Hodge GK. Use of a supplementary internet based education program improves sleep literacy in college psychology students. J Clin Sleep Med 2013;9(2):155-160.

Quan, Stuart F.; Anderson, Janis L.; Hodge, Gordon K.

2013-01-01

458

Health Literacy and the Millennium Development Goals: United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) Regional Meeting Background Paper (Abstracted)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses a health literacy “lens” to look at key global health challenges, including the achievement of health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the reduction of disease burden due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Available global evidence is summarized related to: assessment of the impact of health literacy on health and development; identification of measures for reporting progress; exploring ways

2010-01-01

459

Resource allocation within the National AIDS Control Program of Pakistan: a qualitative assessment of decision maker's opinions  

PubMed Central

Background Limited resources, whether public or private, demand prioritisation among competing needs to maximise productivity. With a substantial increase in the number of reported HIV cases, little work has been done to understand how resources have been distributed and what factors may have influenced allocation within the newly introduced Enhanced National AIDS Control Program of Pakistan. The objective of this study was to identify perceptions of decision makers about the process of resource allocation within Pakistan's Enhanced National AIDS Control Program. Methods A qualitative study was undertaken and in-depth interviews of decision makers at provincial and federal levels responsible to allocate resources within the program were conducted. Results HIV was not considered a priority issue by all study participants and external funding for the program was thought to have been accepted because of poor foreign currency reserves and donor agency influence rather than local need. Political influences from the federal government and donor agencies were thought to manipulate distribution of funds within the program. These influences were thought to occur despite the existence of a well-laid out procedure to determine allocation of public resources. Lack of collaboration among departments involved in decision making, a pervasive lack of technical expertise, paucity of information and an atmosphere of ad hoc decision making were thought to reduce resistance to external pressures. Conclusion Development of a unified program vision through a consultative process and advocacy is necessary to understand goals to be achieved, to enhance program ownership and develop consensus about how money and effort should be directed. Enhancing public sector expertise in planning and budgeting is essential not just for the program, but also to reduce reliance on external agencies for technical support. Strengthening available databases for effective decision making is required to make financial allocations based on real, rather than perceived needs. With a large part of HIV program funding dedicated to public-private partnerships, it becomes imperative to develop public sector capacity to administer contracts, coordinate and monitor activities of the non-governmental sector.

Husain, Sara; Kadir, Masood; Fatmi, Zafar

2007-01-01

460

Assessing Assessment: Reinventing the Portfolio System, Reinvigorating A Writing Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sometimes an assessment program becomes well-established, nationally recognized, "proven" effective, and thus stuck in its routines and reasoning, becoming just another university bureaucracy for the teachers and students who work within it. The pedagogical question was how to keep an assessment program, or writing program for that matter, viable…

Yood, Jessica

461

Formative Evaluation of the Adult Learning, Literacy and Essential Skills Program. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the results of the formative evaluation of the Adult Learning, Literacy and Essential Skills Program (ALLESP). Data collection related to this evaluation took place between November 2008 and May 2009. The evaluation resulted in the following four recommendations: (1) It is recommended that Program objectives and activities…

Human Resources and Skills Development Canada, 2010

2010-01-01

462

Documenting Instructional Practices in a Literacy-infused Arts Program: Respecting Pedagogues from the Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the instructional practices around literacy that characterized the work of a community based arts program designed for urban adolescents. Two primary sources of data were collected: field notes on approximately 35 hours of instruction spread across seven months and interviews with the program's staff and students. Four…

Brooks, Wanda; Smith, Michael W.

2013-01-01

463

Finding Voice: Shared Decision Making and Student Leadership in a Family Literacy Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on literature in participatory adult education, this article reports the findings from a collaborative research project exploring family literacy participants' experiences in their program's parent advisory council. The findings reveal that involvement in the council enhanced program effectiveness, increased learners' investment in the…

Toso, Blaire Willson; Prins, Esther; Drayton, Brendaly; Gnanadass, Edith; Gungor, Ramazan

2009-01-01

464

Evaluation of a Mental Health Literacy Training Program for Junior Sporting Clubs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim of this study was to describe and evaluate a training program designed to improve mental health literacy in junior sporting club coaches and leaders. It was anticipated that participants would demonstrate an improvement in knowledge, confidence, and attitudes in relation to mental disorders and help seeking.Methods: A training program called Read the Play was delivered to 40

Swagata Bapat; Anthony Jorm; Katherine Lawrence

2009-01-01

465

The Effects of Using Interactive Teaching Programs on Preschool Children's Literacy Development: Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents findings of a case study that investigates the effects of using interactive teaching programs on literacy development for preschool children. The significant of this study comes from the lack of studies associated with using interactive teaching programs for preschool children in Saudi Arabia. Data are presented from analyzing…

Gahwaji, Nahla M.

2011-01-01

466

Church-Based ESL Adult Programs: Social Mediators for Empowering "Family Literacy Ecology of Communities"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This multi-sited ethnographic study examines the ways in which Latino and Asian immigrant parents' English learning through two church-based ESL programs in a Southeastern U.S. city affects their family literacy and home language practices. It demonstrates that the parents' participation in the programs is an empowering experience…

Chao, Xia; Mantero, Miguel

2014-01-01

467

Desert Survivors: The Design and Implementation of a Television Program to Enhance Local Scientific Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outreach efforts by faculty members are oftentimes limited in scope due to hectic schedules. We developed a program to enhance science literacy in elementary school children that allows experts to reach a tremendous audience while minimizing their time commitment. The foundation of the program is a television series entitled "Desert Survivors."…

Utz, Jenifer C.; Rausch, Candice M.; Fruth, Laurie; Thomas, Megan E.; van Breukelen, Frank

2007-01-01

468

Information literacy program for student athletes at The University of Iowa  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the goals, content, and history of a program in The University of Iowa Libraries for teaching library and information literacy skills to incoming men and women student athletes. The program employs interactive instructional methods with a strong emphasis on developing skills both for finding and for evaluating information sources. The article traces the evolution and goals of

Marsha Forys; John Forys; Ann Ford; Jeff Dodd

2000-01-01

469

State Administration of the Even Start Family Literacy Program: Structure, Process and Practices. Doc # 2003-14  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Even Start Family Literacy Program addresses the basic educational needs of parents and children from birth through age seven from low-income families. The program provides unified, multi-component services consisting of (1) interactive literacy activities between parents and their children; (2) training for parents to be the primary teachers…

Tao, Fumiyo; Ricciuti, Anne; St.Pierre, Robert

2003-01-01

470

Adult Education and Family Literacy Act. Report to Congress on State Performance. Program Year 2002-2003  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The state-administered grant program authorized under the Adult Education and Family Literacy Act (AEFLA), enacted as Title II of the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) of 1998, is the major source of federal support for adult basic and literacy education programs. The purpose of the grant is to provide educational opportunities to adults sixteen and…

Office of Vocational and Adult Education, US Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

471

An Analysis of Factors Influencing Urbanite Woman Learner-Participation in Functional Literacy Programs in Selected Christian Churches, Accra  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The promotion of adult functional literacy programs per se, neither creates the necessary motivation for learning, nor enhances the participation of adult learners in work-oriented or socio-cultural functional literacy programs. The task in learning-teaching transaction is to create the enabling environment for harnessing and enhancing…

Saah, Albert Amoah

2013-01-01

472

Y-12 National Security Complex Water Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) sponsored a water assessment at the Y-12 National Security Complex (Y 12) located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Driven by mandated water reduction goals of Executive Orders 13423 and 13514, the objective of the water assessment is to develop a comprehensive understanding of the current water-consuming applications and equipment at Y-12 and

Shana E. Elam; P. Bassett; Katherine L. McMordie-Stoughton

2010-01-01

473

A historical examination of the nature of science and its consensus as presented in the Benchmarks for Science Literacy and National Science Education Standards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Developing a scientific literate citizenry has fueled science education reforms for the past 40 years. A review of the literature reveals that definitions of scientific literacy during this period were greatly influenced by the goals, directions, and political agendas of the day. This approach has resulted in programs emphasizing certain aspects of scientific literacy while neglecting others. Additionally, consensus on what scientific literacy means or how to develop it has not been achieved. One aspect of scientific literacy that is agreed upon is the essential role that the nature of science (NOS) plays in its development. For this reason, an extensive review of the literature was conducted to develop a comprehensive background of this topic. The component structure of the NOS revealed in the literature was then synthesized into a NOS framework. The NOS framework served to guide the construction of a 21 item questionnaire taken from statements embedded in the consensual documents Benchmarks for Science Literacy (AAAS, 1993) and National Science Education Standards (NRC, 1996). A panel of five experts who have written extensively on the nature of science was then assembled and the degree of NOS consensus measured using a modified Delphi technique. The results of the survey indicated a high level of consensus (95%) at the ?80% level. The panelists concurred positively on 19 of 21 NOS items, concurred negatively on one of 21 NOS items (item 10), and could not reach consensus on one of 21 NOS items (item 16). These findings, as well as, the NOS framework, are important first steps toward developing programs that foster the development of scientific literacy.

Felske, Daniel D.

474

Earthquake risk reduction in the United States: An assessment of selected user needs and recommendations for the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program  

SciTech Connect

This Assessment was conducted to improve the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP) by providing NEHRP agencies with information that supports their user-oriented setting of crosscutting priorities in the NEHRP strategic planning process. The primary objective of this Assessment was to take a ``snapshot`` evaluation of the needs of selected users throughout the major program elements of NEHRP. Secondary objectives were to conduct an assessment of the knowledge that exists (or is being developed by NEHRP) to support earthquake risk reduction, and to begin a process of evaluating how NEHRP is meeting user needs. An identification of NEHRP`s strengths also resulted from the effort, since those strengths demonstrate successful methods that may be useful to NEHRP in the future. These strengths are identified in the text, and many of them represent important achievements since the Earthquake Hazards Reduction Act was passed in 1977.

NONE

1994-12-31

475

NATIONAL STATUS AND TRENDS PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

Since 1984, the National Status and Trends (NS&T) Program has monitored, on a national scale, spatial and temporal trends of chemical contamination and biological responses to that contamination. Temporal trends are being monitored through the Mussel Watch project that analyzes m...

476

National Streamflow Information Program (NSIP)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This USGS web page provides information on the quantity and timing of the streamflow in the Nation's rivers is a vital asset that safeguards lives and property and helps to ensure adequate water resources for a healthy environment and economy. There are many links to other topics concerning National Streamflow Information Program (NSIP).

2008-09-24

477

A Web-Based Model for Developing Assessment Literacy of Secondary In-Service Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigates the effect of a web-based model, named "Practicing, Reflecting, and Revising with Web-based Assessment and Test Analysis system (P2R-WATA) Assessment Literacy Development Model," on enhancing assessment knowledge and perspectives of secondary in-service teachers, and adopts a single group experimental research design.…

Fan, Ya-Ching; Wang, Tzu-Hua; Wang, Kuo-Hua

2011-01-01

478

Focusing on Teacher Quality in the Quest for Higher Standards: The Early Literacy Inservice Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluates the Early Literacy Inservice Course (ELIC) supported by the Australian Basic Learning in Primary Schools (BLIPS) program. Assesses ELIC and identifies a number of general issues about literacy programs. Focuses on improving standards of literacy and teacher quality through inservice activities. (KO)

Kennedy, Kerry J.; Hodgens, John

1989-01-01

479

Political Culture and Moral Literacy: Using Words to Create Better Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Integrity is commonly conflated with basic literacy in assessments of the skills workers need. This case study of a word-based character education program in Springfield, Missouri examines how business leaders may blame a lack of skills by employees on a lack of moral literacy. The premise of this essay is that the expression of a literacy program

Cline, Andrew R.

2006-01-01

480

NATIONAL GAP ANALYSIS PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

GAP Analysis is a rapid conservation evaluation method for assessing the current status of biodiversity at large spatial scales. GAP Analysis provides a systematic approach for evaluating the protection afforded biodiversity in given areas. It uses Geographic Information System (...

481

National Methamphetamine Threat Assessment, 2009.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is a national-level strategic assessment of methamphetamine trafficking in the United States. This assessment addresses significant trends in methamphetamine production, transportation, distribution, and abuse. It discusses a wide range of iss...

2008-01-01

482

Non-Formal Education in Ethiopia: Literacy Programs. Program of Studies in Non-Formal Education Discussion Papers, No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This discussion paper synthesizes the individual investigations of nonformal education activities in the following four groups of programs in Ethiopia: rural/traditional, urban/modern, literacy, and miscellaneous (programs which do not fit into other classifications). The synthesis of the investigations into a country-wide study was undertaken to…

Niehoff, Richard O.; Wilder, Bernard

483

Visual Literacy: Implications for the Production of Children's Television Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Visual literacy, the integration of seeing with other cognitive processes, is an essential tool of learning. To explain the relationship between the perceiver and the perceived, three types of theories can be brought to bear: introverted; extroverted; and transactional. Franklin Fearing, George Herbert Mead, Martin Buber, and other theorists have…

Amey, L. J.

484

Invitations to Families in an Early Literacy Support Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers know that when families are involved meaningfully in schools, students perform better in academic, behavioral, and emotional domains. This article describes a project designed to enhance the quality of children's literacy interactions with family members and simultaneously increase family involvement at school. The level of participation…

Waldbart, Adria; Meyers, Barbara; Meyers, Joel

2006-01-01

485

How California Educators and CE Directors View "Agricultural Literacy" Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed county superintendents, Cooperative Extension county directors, and district superintendents to determine their views on agricultural literacy education. Respondents favored addressing the topic in the middle grades (4-9), through science and social studies. Critical topics identified included toxins in food and the environment, water…

Braverman, Marc T.; Rilla, Ellen L.

1991-01-01

486

Information Literacy Programs and Research: An International Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an overview of contemporary information literacy research and practice. While the content is highly selective, the intention has been to highlight international and Australian developments which have achieved significant recognition, which are representative of similar trends in other places, or which are unique in some way.…

Bruce, Christine

2011-01-01

487

Toward a Renewed Focus. Literacy in Early Language Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article promotes literacy as a a powerful tool for learning new language. Although learners frequently think of comprehensible input as language that is heard, comprehensible input from print can also be accessed. Research has shown that reading has a powerful impact on language learning: much of the vocabulary that educated adults know has…

Met, Mimi

2013-01-01

488

Integrating Assessment into Recurring Information Literacy Instruction: A Case Study from LIS Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information literacy instruction is integrated into the distance education program in library and information science (LEEP) at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign (UIUC). This article describes the LEEP program and the library services provided to its students. Published research on LEEP and related topics in librarianship is reviewed.…

Searing, Susan E.

2007-01-01

489

Annual report of the Environmental Restoration Monitoring and Assessment Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory for FY 1992. Environmental Restoration Program  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the salient features of the annual efforts of the investigations and monitoring, conducted to support the Environmental Restoration (ER) Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The results presented can be used to develop a conceptual understanding of the key contaminants and the sources, fluxes, and processes affecting their distribution and movement. This information forms a basis for prioritizing sites and for selecting, implementing, and evaluating remedial actions. Groundwater, soils, sediments, and surface water monitoring results are described.

Clapp, R.B. [ed.

1992-09-01

490

Quarterly Report for LANL Activities: FY12-Q2 National Risk Assessment Partnership (NRAP): Industrial Carbon Capture Program  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes progress of LANL activities related to the tasks performed under the LANL FWP FE102-002-FY10, National Risk Assessment Partnership (NRAP): Industrial Carbon Capture Program. This FWP is funded through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). Overall, the NRAP activities are focused on understanding and evaluating risks associated with large-scale injection and long-term storage of CO{sub 2} in deep geological formations. One of the primary risks during large-scale injection is due to changes in geomechanical stresses to the storage reservoir, to the caprock/seals and to the wellbores. These changes may have the potential to cause CO{sub 2} and brine leakage and geochemical impacts to the groundwater systems. While the importance of these stresses is well recognized, there have been relatively few quantitative studies (laboratory, field or theoretical) of geomechanical processes in sequestration systems. In addition, there are no integrated studies that allow evaluation of risks to groundwater quality in the context of CO{sub 2} injection-induced stresses. The work performed under this project is focused on better understanding these effects. LANL approach will develop laboratory and computational tools to understand the impact of CO{sub 2}-induced mechanical stress by creating a geomechanical test bed using inputs from laboratory experiments, field data, and conceptual approaches. The Geomechanical Test Bed will be used for conducting sensitivity and scenario analyses of the impacts of CO{sub 2} injection. The specific types of questions will relate to fault stimulation and fracture inducing stress on caprock, changes in wellbore leakage due to evolution of stress in the reservoir and caprock, and the potential for induced seismicity. In addition, the Geomechanical Test Bed will be used to investigate the coupling of stress-induced leakage pathways with impacts on groundwater quality. LANL activities are performed under two tasks: (1) develop laboratory and computational tools to understand CO{sub 2}-induced mechanical impacts and (2) use natural analog sites to determine potential groundwater impacts. We are using the Springerville-St. John Dome as a field site for collecting field data on CO{sub 2} migration through faults and groundwater impacts as well as developing and validating computational models. During the FY12 second quarter we have been working with New England Research Company to construct a tri-axial core-holder. We have built fluid control system for the coreflood system that can be ported to perform in-situ imaging of core. We have performed numerical simulations for groundwater impacts of CO{sub 2} and brine leakage using the reservoir model for Springerville-St John's Dome site. We have analyzed groundwater samples collected from Springerville site for major ion chemistry and isotopic composition. We are currently analyzing subsurface core and chip samples acquired for mineralogical composition.

Pawar, Rajesh J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-04-17

491

Draft Plan of Operation for a Functional Literacy Pilot Program in Swaziland June-July 1971.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A planned full-time "functional literacy" course that was to be held during June and July 1971 in Ekuhlamukeni and Nqabaneni (Swaziland) is discussed. The experimental pilot project was to be sponsored by the Sebenta National Institute, the University of Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland Division of Extra Mural Services, and by the Ministry of…

Sebenta National Inst. (Swaziland).

492

Relations of Water Quality to Agricultural Chemical Use and Environmental Setting at Various Scales - Results from Selected Studies of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 1991, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) began studies of 51 major river basins and aquifers across the United States as part of the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program to provide scientifically sound information for managing the Nation's water resources. The major goals of the NAWQA Program are to assess the status and long-term trends of the Nation's surface- and ground-water quality and to understand the natural and human factors that affect it (Gilliom and others, 1995). In 2001, the NAWQA Program began a second decade of intensive water-quality assessments. The 42 study units for this second decade were selected to represent a wide range of important hydrologic environments and potential contaminant sources. These NAWQA studies continue to address the goals of the first decade of the assessments to determine how water-quality conditions are changing over time. In addition to local- and regional-scale studies, NAWQA began to analyze and synthesize water-quality status and trends at the principal aquifer and major river-basin scales. This fact sheet summarizes results from four NAWQA studies that relate water quality to agricultural chemical use and environmental setting at these various scales: * Comparison of ground-water quality in northern and southern High Plains agricultural settings (principal aquifer scale); * Distribution patterns of pesticides and degradates in rain (local scale); * Occurrence of pesticides in shallow ground water underlying four agricultural areas (local and regional scales); and * Trends in nutrients and sediment over time in the Missouri River and its tributaries (major river-basin scale).

U.S. Geological Survey

2008-01-01

493

Assessing the National Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this collection, educators from the United Kingdom debate the history, purposes, achievements, and future direction of the National Curriculum. Differing points of view about the value of the National Curriculum are expressed. More than half of the essays focus on specific aspects of the curriculum. The selections are: (1) "What Place for…

O'Hear, Philip, Ed.; White, John, Ed.

494

Impacts Analyses Supporting the National Environmental Policy Act Environmental Assessment for the Resumption of Transient Testing Program  

SciTech Connect

Environmental and health impacts are presented for activities associated with transient testing of nuclear fuel and material using two candidate test reactors. Transient testing involves irradiation of nuclear fuel or materials for short time-periods under high neutron flux rates. The transient testing process includes transportation of nuclear fuel or materials inside a robust shipping cask to a hot cell, removal from the shipping cask, pre-irradiation examination of the nuclear materials, assembly of an experiment assembly, transportation of the experiment assembly to the test reactor, irradiation in the test reactor, transport back to the hot cell, and post-irradiation examination of the nuclear fuel or material. The potential for environmental or health consequences during the transportation, examination, and irradiation actions are assessed for normal operations, off-normal (accident) scenarios, and transportation. Impacts to the environment (air, soil, and groundwater), are assessed during each phase of the transient testing process. This report documents the evaluation of potential consequences to the general public. This document supports the Environmental Assessment (EA) required by the U.S. National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) (42 USC Subsection 4321 et seq.).

Annette L. Schafer; Lloyd C. Brown; David C. Carathers; Boyd D. Christensen; James J. Dahl; Mark L. Miller; Cathy Ottinger Farnum; Steven Peterson; A. Jeffrey Sondrup; Peter V. Subaiya; Daniel M. Wachs; Ruth F. Weiner

2013-11-01

495

Recasting the Role of Family Involvement in Early Literacy Development: A Response to the NELP Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors argue that the findings from the National Early Literacy Panel (NELP; 2008) report related to parent involvement and family literacy programs require further clarification. Based on an ideological view of literacy, the authors offer three recommendations that would provide a more accurate representation of parent involvement and family…

Dail, Alanna Rochelle; Payne, Rebecca L.

2010-01-01

496

Louisiana Literacy Forum II. Proceedings (New Orleans, Louisiana, March 12-13, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains the proceedings of the second Louisiana statewide conference on literacy, which spotlighted the national endeavors of literacy practitioners and providers, works, and programs. Based on participants' input from the first forum, special emphasis was placed on workplace and family literacy, public relations, and policy making.…

Louisiana Endowment for the Humanities, New Orleans.

497

Reframing Adult Literacy and Numeracy Course Outcomes: A Social Capital Perspective. An Adult Literacy National Project Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated whether adult literacy and numeracy courses produced social capital outcomes, which are changes in students' connections with networks of people. Interviews seeking information about participation in adult literacy and numeracy courses were conducted with 57 students and 18 teachers in four courses, one each in the Northern…

Balatti, Jo; Black, Stephen; Falk, Ian

2006-01-01

498

Issues in the Assessment of Literacy-Related Difficulties across Language Backgrounds: A Cross-Linguistic Comparison  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focused on the assessment of phonological skills amongst children with developmental dyslexia. Findings from assessments of English and Hungarian monolingual children with and without literacy deficits and bilingual Filipino children with and without literacy deficits in English indicated that performance on phonological-based tasks…

Everatt, John; Smythe, Ian; Ocampo, Dina; Gyarmathy, Eva

2004-01-01

499

Using Classroom-Based Assessment on a Large Scale: Supporting and Reporting on Student Learning with the Early Literacy Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the development work and research findings of an initiative to create a statewide literacy assessment in New York to inform teaching and learning and report on group performance trends. The Early Literacy Profile (ELP) is a classroom-based, standards-referenced performance assessment for students in the primary grades…

Falk, Beverly; Ort, Suzanna Wichterle; Moirs, Katie

500

Measuring Situated Literacy Activity: Challenges and Promises  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the results of the development of a methodological approach to provide empirical evidence that family literacy programs "work." The assessment techniques were developed within the action research project Literacy for Life (LFL) that the authors designed and delivered for 12 months, working collaboratively with three different…

Purcell-Gates, Victoria; Anderson, Jim; Gagne, Monique; Jang, Kristy; Lenters, Kimberly A.; McTavish, Marianne

2012-01-01