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1

National Assessment Program, Information and Communication Technology Literacy 2008, Years 6 and 10: An Assessment Domain for ICT Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The second national sample assessment of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) literacy at Year 6 and Year 10 will occur in 2008. The assessment happens every three years and the first occurred in 2005. This document provides information about the ICT literacy assessment including: (1) Education Ministers' decisions regarding ICT; (2) the…

Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (NJ1), 2008

2008-01-01

2

National Assessment of Adult Literacy 2002 Home Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Center for Education Statistics has posted a new Webpage devoted to the National Assessment of Adult Literacy 2002 program which will assess the current status of the English-language literacy skills of adults in the United States. The site presently offers a description of the purposes and goals of the program; posted and forthcoming working papers on adult literacy assessment; and previews of the published reports the program will produce over the next three years, including data on national, state, and international comparisons of literacy, results by major population subgroups, and relationships between background variables and literacy attainment. The site also provides links to related literacy sites and, most helpfully for those doing research in literacy issues, a link to the full text of the 1992 National Assessment of Adult Literacy, which includes an overview of all of the program's adult literacy statistics and conclusions about long-term and short-term literacy trends.

Statistics., National C.

3

34 CFR 472.1 - What is the National Workplace Literacy Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false What is the National Workplace Literacy Program? 472.1 Section 472...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION NATIONAL WORKPLACE LITERACY PROGRAM General § 472.1 What is the National Workplace Literacy Program? The National...

2011-07-01

4

34 CFR 472.1 - What is the National Workplace Literacy Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false What is the National Workplace Literacy Program? 472.1 Section 472...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION NATIONAL WORKPLACE LITERACY PROGRAM General § 472.1 What is the National Workplace Literacy Program? The National...

2013-07-01

5

34 CFR 472.1 - What is the National Workplace Literacy Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false What is the National Workplace Literacy Program? 472.1 Section 472...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION NATIONAL WORKPLACE LITERACY PROGRAM General § 472.1 What is the National Workplace Literacy Program? The National...

2010-07-01

6

34 CFR 472.1 - What is the National Workplace Literacy Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false What is the National Workplace Literacy Program? 472.1 Section 472...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION NATIONAL WORKPLACE LITERACY PROGRAM General § 472.1 What is the National Workplace Literacy Program? The National...

2012-07-01

7

12 CFR 7.1021 - National bank participation in financial literacy programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...National bank participation in financial literacy programs. 7.1021 Section 7...National bank participation in financial literacy programs. A national bank may participate in a financial literacy program on the premises of, or...

2011-01-01

8

National Assessment Program--ICT Literacy Years 6 & 10 Report, 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australia's national educational goals place considerable importance on the place of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in education. The Melbourne Declaration on Educational Goals for Young Australians of December 2008 asserted that "in this digital age young people need to be highly skilled in the use of ICT" (MCEETYA, 2008). This…

Ainley, John; Fraillon, Julian; Freeman, Chris

2010-01-01

9

National Assessment Program--Science Literacy Year 6 Technical Report, 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In July 2001, the Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (MCEETYA) agreed to the development of assessment instruments and key performance measures for reporting on student skills, knowledge and understandings in primary science. It directed the newly established Performance Measurement and Reporting Taskforce…

Wu, Margaret; Donovan, Jenny; Hutton, Penny; Lennon, Melissa

2008-01-01

10

National Assessment Program--Science Literacy Year 6 School Release Materials, 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In July 2001, the Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (MCEETYA) agreed to the development of assessment instruments and key performance measures for reporting on student skills, knowledge and understandings in primary science. It directed the newly established Performance Measurement and Reporting Taskforce…

Donovan, Jenny; Hutton, Penny; Lennon, Melissa; O'Connor, Gayl; Morrissey, Noni

2008-01-01

11

Champaign County National Workplace Literacy Program. Workplace Literacy Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This workplace literacy curriculum is based on neuropsychological brain behavior research and the principles of continuous improvement in a learning environment. Section 1 explains the choice of this model. Section 2 defines the need for this type of workplace curriculum. Sections 3 and 4 discuss the method of building the thematic units and…

Champaign County Board of Education, Urbana, OH.

12

Technical Report and Data File User's Manual: For the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy. NCES 2009-476  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL) assessed the English literacy skills of a nationally representative sample of more than 19,000 U.S. adults (age 16 and older) residing in households and correctional institutions. NAAL is the first national assessment of adult literacy since the 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey (NALS). The…

Baldi, Stephane, Ed.; Kutner, Mark; Greenberg, Elizabeth; Jin, Ying; Baer, Justin; Moore, Elizabeth; Dunleavy, Eric; Berlin, Martha; Mohadjer, Leyla; Binzer, Greg; Krenzke, Thomas; Hogan, Jacqueline; Amsbary, Michelle; Forsyth, Barbara; Clark, Lyn; Annis, Terri; Bernstein, Jared; White, Sheida

2009-01-01

13

Literacy Behind Bars: Results from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy Prison Survey. NCES 2007-473  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL) assessed the English literacy of incarcerated adults for the first time since 1992. The assessment was administered to approximately 1,200 inmates (ages 16 and older) in state and federal prisons, as well as to approximately 18,000 adults (ages 16 and older) living in households. Three types of…

Greenberg, Elizabeth; Dunleavy, Eric; Kutner, Mark

2007-01-01

14

Closing the Gender Gap: Improved Performance of U.S.-Born Females on the National Assessment of Adult Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzed the current state of the gender literacy gap and the change in the gender literacy gap between 1992 and 2003, using the 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey (NALS) and the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL). The results revealed that although there were significant gender literacy gaps in 1992, virtually all…

Cohen, Dale J.; White, Sheida; Cohen, Steffaney B.

2012-01-01

15

Basic Reading Skills and the Literacy of America's Least Literate Adults: Results from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL) Supplemental Studies. NCES 2009-481  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL) assessed the English literacy of adults in the United States for the first time since the 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey. The assessment was administered to more than 19,000 adults (ages 16 and older) in households and prisons. The tasks included on the assessment were designed to measure…

Baer, Justin; Kutner, Mark; Sabatini, John; White, Sheida

2009-01-01

16

EPA'S NATIONAL COASTAL ASSESSMENT PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Coastal Assessment (NCA) is an environmental monitoring program initiated by the US Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Research and Development in 2000. The goal is to monitor selected ecological indicators in the nation's estuarine waters and to produce an...

17

National Assessment of Adult Literacy: Indirect County and State Estimates of the Percentage of Adults at the Lowest Literacy Level for 1992 and 2003. Research and Development Report. NCES 2009-482  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL) assessed the English literacy skills of a nationally representative sample of 18,500 U.S. adults (age 16 and older) residing in private households. NAAL is the first national assessment of adult literacy since the 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey (NALS). The NAAL and NALS produced direct…

Mohadjer, Leyla; Kalton, Graham; Krenzke, Tom; Liu, Benmei; Van de Kerckhove, Wendy; Li, Lin; Sherman, Dan; Dillman, Jennifer; Rao, Jan

2009-01-01

18

National Museum of American History's OurStory Program: History, Literature, and Civic Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1998, the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center launched OurStory: History through Children's Literature, a history and literacy program series for family visitors to the Museum that was designed to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together. Ten years later, to reach a broader, national

Coquillon, Naomi; Wei, Jenny

2011-01-01

19

Health Literacy of America's Adults: Results from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy  

MedlinePLUS

... Data Systems Grant Program - (SLDS) more... Resources Distance Learning Dataset Training National Postsecondary Education Cooperative (NPEC) Statistical Standards Program more... Data & Tools Custom ...

20

Literacy Assessment Using  

E-print Network

Literacy Assessment Using Mobile Technology Sarah Muffly The Earth Institute on quality of literacy and numeracy, key indicators of primary education, mean with current scholarship on effective practices for literacy assessment in developing

Qian, Ning

21

Learning Outcomes, Portfolios, and Rubrics, Oh My! Authentic Assessment of an Information Literacy Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Librarians at Washington State University Vancouver helped the campus develop a method of assessing its General Education Program, a program based on university learning goals, one of which is information literacy. The assessment method, which relies on an electronic portfolio (ePortfolio) along with rubrics to evaluate work in the ePortfolio,…

Diller, Karen R.; Phelps, Sue F.

2008-01-01

22

Effect of an Internet-Based Professional Development Program on Teachers' Assessment Literacy for All Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quasi-experimental study examined the effectiveness of Assessing One and All (AOA), a Web-based teacher professional development program. AOA was designed to enhance teachers' assessment literacy and skills in general and inclusive educational assessment practices. Fifty-five teachers from Arizona, South Carolina, and Wisconsin participated…

Huai, Nan; Braden, Jeffery P.; White, Jennifer L.; Elliott, Stephen N.

2006-01-01

23

National Workplace Literacy Program. Curriculum Samples for 1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports on the partnership between Prince George's County (Maryland) Public Schools and the Prince George's Private Industry Council to provide workplace literacy classes at worksites for employees of 10 different employers. Workplace-specific, work-related curricula have been developed in either English for speakers of other…

Prince George's County Public Schools, Upper Marlboro, MD.

24

A National Road Map to a Climate Literate Society: Advancing Climate Literacy by Coordinating Federal Climate Change Educational Programs (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the 21st century, climate scientists expect Earth's temperature to continue increasing, very likely more than it did during the 20th century. Two anticipated results are rising global sea level and increasing frequency and intensity of heat waves, droughts, and floods. [IPCC 2007, USGCRP 2009] These changes will affect almost every aspect of human society, including economic prosperity, human and environmental health, and national security. Climate change will bring economic and environmental challenges as well as opportunities, and citizens who have an understanding of climate science will be better prepared to respond to both. Society needs citizens who understand the climate system and know how to apply that knowledge in their careers and in their engagement as active members of their communities. Climate change will continue to be a significant element of public discourse. Understanding the essential principles of climate science will enable all people to assess news stories and contribute to their everyday conversations as informed citizens. Key to our nations response to climate change will be a Climate Literate society that understands their influence on climate and climate’s influence on them and society. In order to ensure the nation increases its literacy, the Climate Literacy: Essential Principles of Climate Science document has been endorsed by the 13 Federal agencies that make up the US Global Change Research Program (http://globalchange.gov/resources/educators/climate-literacy) and twenty-four other science and educational institutions. This session will explore the coordinated efforts by the federal agencies and partner organizations to ensure a climate literate society. "Climate Literacy: The Essential Principles of Climate Sciences: A Guide for Individuals and Communities" produced by the U.S. Global Change Research Program in March 2009

Niepold, F.; Karsten, J. L.

2009-12-01

25

Interim Evaluation of the National Literacy Program. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evaluation examined issues related to: (1) Rationale and Relevance; (2) Implementation; and (3) Success. In addition, the interim evaluation was intended to: (1) Determine whether sufficient data was being collected to inform the summative evaluation and identify opportunities for improvement to fill any potential gaps; (2) Assess whether the…

Human Resources and Social Development Canada, 2007

2007-01-01

26

34 CFR 1100.1 - What is the Literacy Leader Fellowship Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What is the Literacy Leader Fellowship Program? 1100.1 Section...Relating to Education NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR LITERACY NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR LITERACY: LITERACY LEADER FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM §...

2013-07-01

27

34 CFR 1100.1 - What is the Literacy Leader Fellowship Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What is the Literacy Leader Fellowship Program? 1100.1 Section...Education (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR LITERACY NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR LITERACY: LITERACY LEADER FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM §...

2011-07-01

28

34 CFR 1100.1 - What is the Literacy Leader Fellowship Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What is the Literacy Leader Fellowship Program? 1100.1 Section...Relating to Education NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR LITERACY NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR LITERACY: LITERACY LEADER FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM §...

2012-07-01

29

Agriculture and the Future. National Workplace Literacy Program. Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of an evaluation report and a curriculum guide from a National Workplace Literacy project designed to demonstrate the process and effects of literacy classes held in work environments through the Yakima Valley (Washington) Opportunities Industrialization Center. The report notes the following results: (1) of 1,976 workers…

Yakima Valley Opportunities Industrialization Center, WA.

30

NATIONAL CROP LOSS ASSESSMENT NETWORK: QUALITY ASSURANCE PROGRAM (JOURNAL VERSION)  

EPA Science Inventory

A quality assurance program was incorporated into the National Crop Loss Assessment Network (NCLAN) program, designed to assess the economic impacts of gaseous air pollutants on major agricultural crops in the United States. The quality assurance program developed standardized re...

31

Analysis and Assessment of the Newark Literacy Campaign's Adult Tutorial Reading Program: A Report to the Ford Foundation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An assessment of the Newark Literacy Campaign's (NLC's) Adult Tutorial Reading Program studied 20 long-term (in the program for at least 1 year) and 20 new adult learners; all but 2 were African-Americans. The following data sources were used: in-depth interviews with learners, logs completed by tutors, follow-up interviews 6-8 months later,…

Darkenwald, Gordon G.; Silvestri, Kenneth

32

College of Lake County National Workplace Literacy Program. Final Performance Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The College of Lake County in Grayslake, Illinois, formed an educational and business partnership with four area businesses to design and implement workplace literacy programs targeted to the needs of each business. The project's four objectives were as follows: develop a model of cooperation between a community college and the business community…

Lake County Coll., Grayslake, IL.

33

Mind the Gap: The Black-White Literacy Gap in the National Assessment of Adult Literacy and Its Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, Whites have scored higher than Blacks on most measures of literacy (referred to as the Black-White literacy gap). The authors outline the historic social inequities that contributed to the Black-White literacy gap as well as the current school and home environment that may maintain it. They then examine the current state of the Black-White literacy gap using data from

Dale J. Cohen; Sheida White; Steffaney B. Cohen

2012-01-01

34

Mind the Gap: The Black-White Literacy Gap in the National Assessment of Adult Literacy and Its Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historically, Whites have scored higher than Blacks on most measures of literacy (referred to as the "Black-White" literacy gap). The authors outline the historic social inequities that contributed to the Black-White literacy gap as well as the current school and home environment that may maintain it. They then examine the current state of the…

Cohen, Dale J.; White, Sheida; Cohen, Steffaney B.

2012-01-01

35

USGS National Water-Quality Assessment Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since its inception in 1991, the USGS National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) program has been collecting and analyzing data about more than 50 major river basins and aquifers across the United States. The core mission is "to develop long-term consistent and comparable information on streams, ground water, and aquatic ecosystems to support sound management and policy decisions." Visitors can begin by selecting one of over 50 research sites from a drop-down menu of states, or by looking at research activities by river basin. The main homepage for the NAWQA also contains a section that explains how and why water quality varies across the country by discussing the various elements, such as pesticides and nutrients, that contribute to the quality of various water sources. Of course, the site also features a number of more technical reports on water quality, including detailed information about each basin area. As might be expected, the site also offers a glossary of frequently used terms within the fields of water chemistry and hydrology, and also contains a What's New section that contains announcements about the release of new reports, fact sheets, and upcoming conferences of note.

36

Assessing and Acknowledging Learning through Non-Accredited Community Adult Language, Literacy and Numeracy Programs: Support Document  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Support Document was produced by the authors based on their research for the report, "Assessing and Acknowledging Learning through Non-Accredited Community Adult Language, Literacy and Numeracy Programs," and is an added resource for further information. There were five phases of this project: Phase 1 comprised further interrogation of…

Dymock, Darryl; Billett, Stephen

2008-01-01

37

Application of the Test of Scientific Literacy Skills in the Assessment of a General Education Natural Science Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The peer-reviewed and psychometrically validated Test of Scientific Literacy Skills developed by Gormally et al. was used to assess the strengths and weaknesses of a general education natural science program. By comparing the scores of students who had already taken at least one course in this area with the scores of those who had not, and by…

Waldo, Jennifer Turner

2014-01-01

38

Fostering Information Literacy: Connecting National Standards, Goals 2000, and the SCANS Report. Information Literacy Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book focuses on information literacy and facilitating change in schools. Chapters include:" What Is Information Literacy?"; "Why Information Literacy?"; "How Information Literacy Relates to National Curriculum Standards"; "Essential Components of Information Literacy"; "The Necessary Reforms and Changing Responsibilities"; "The…

Thompson, Helen M.; Henley, Susan A.

39

Implementing Innovative Elementary Literacy Programs. Program Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This four-document collection describes the implementation processes of dramatically improved literacy programs in elementary schools which are leading the move to restructure literacy education in the Northwest (Alaska, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington). The first document in the collection, "Strategies for Improving School-Wide Literacy

Schwab, R. G. Jerry; And Others

40

Reading profiles for adults with low-literacy: Cluster analysis with power and speeded measures  

E-print Network

The United States’ National Institute for Literacy’s (NIFL) review of adult literacy instruction research recommended adult education (AE) programs assess underlying reading abilities in order to plan appropriate instruction ...

Mellard, Daryl; Fall, Emily C.; Mark, Caroline Ann

2009-01-01

41

Evaluation of National Literacy Project: Summary Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Literacy Project was implemented in its first cohort of schools from autumn 1996 to summer 1998. Participating schools introduced a Literacy Hour, based on specific learning objectives, as the main means of literacy teaching. The project was evaluated by the National Foundation for Educational Research, by means of: tests of reading;…

Department for Education and Skills, London (England).

42

Highlights from the 2003 Massachusetts State Assessment of Adult Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes key findings from the 2003 Massachusetts State Assessment of Adult Literacy (SAAL). Administered in Massachusetts in 2003 and early 2004, the assessment measures the prose, document, and quantitative literacy of Massachusetts's adults. The Massachusetts SAAL was conducted in conjunction with the National Assessment of Adult…

Baer, Justin D.; Hsu, Yung-chen

2006-01-01

43

The Health Literacy of U.S. Adults across GED® Credential Recipients, High School Graduates, and Non-High School Graduates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health literacy is important for all adults. Because lower health literacy is associated with lower educational attainment, many adult basic and literacy education programs increasingly provide health education to low-literate adults to improve their health literacy. Using data from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL), this study examined the health literacy of adults across General Educational Development (GED)

Yung-chen Hsu

44

Current Research of Family Literacy Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates existing research about the strengths and weakness of current family literacy programs and presents a 98-item list of family literacy activities across the curricula for adult educators to promote intergenerational literacy. Educational experts feel that family literacy programs need more evaluation, and that the…

Parker, Sharon; Wuelser, Ann

45

A National Program to Assess Hazards, Risk, and Resiliency  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 2007, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) developed a science strategy outlining the major natural science issues facing the Nation in the next decade. The science strategy consists of six science directions of critical importance, focusing on areas where natural science can make a substantial contribution to the well-being of the Nation and the world. This fact sheet focuses on a program to assess natural hazards and how USGS research can strengthen the Nation with information needed to meet the challenges of the 21st century.

2007-01-01

46

New Paradigm for Effective Workforce Skills. Final Performance Report 1994 to 1998. National Workplace Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project demonstrated that a workplace literacy model can be replicated in large and small businesses with significant learner outcomes and used to improve worker productivity. It served 938 employees of 4 partners at 12 sites, including 2 large and 1 small manufacturing plants, major health care system, and multiple small businesses. Diverse,…

Sheffer, Wilma

47

Lao National Literacy Survey 2001: Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Adult literacy rates are an important indicator for describing the status of education and development within a country. The Lao national literacy survey was undertaken in 2001 to provide a reliable source of literacy data which in turn will determine if the country will reach Education For All (EFA) goals agreed upon at the World…

Online Submission, 2004

2004-01-01

48

THE ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT PROGRAM: NATIONAL COASTAL ASSESSMENT - LESSONS LEARNED  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of the Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program's National Coastal Assessment is to estimate the current status, extent, changes, and trends in ecological indicators of the condition of the nation's coastal resources on a state, regional and national basis. Bas...

49

Home Literacy Experiences and Early Childhood Disability: A Descriptive Study Using the National Household Education Surveys (NHES) Program Database  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The present article illustrates how the National Household Education Surveys (NHES; U.S. Department of Education, 2009) database might be used to address questions of relevance to researchers who are concerned with literacy development among young children. Following a general description of the NHES database, a study is provided that…

Breit-Smith, Allison; Cabell, Sonia Q.; Justice, Laura M.

2010-01-01

50

Information literacy program assessment: one small college takes the big plunge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Managing a library instruction program at a small liberal-arts college has many challenges. Programs at such institutions often have limited financial resources and are maintained under difficult staffing conditions. This study examines the effectiveness of an instruction program offered at a four-year liberal-arts college with fewer than 3,000 students. The research was designed to assess the effectiveness of the current

Molly R. Flaspohler

2003-01-01

51

Health Literacy and Adult Basic Education Assessments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adult basic education (ABE) is an ideal venue for developing health literacy skills. Literacy and numeracy assessments used in ABE were identified and the most common were examined for health components. Only the Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment System (CASAS) included health. The two most common health literacy assessments used in general…

Golbeck, Amanda L.; Ahlers-Schmidt, Carolyn R.; Paschal, Angelia M.

2005-01-01

52

Boston College's Financial Literacy Program  

E-print Network

begin a pattern of creating debt during their college years and continue that pattern as adults. We$uccessful Start Boston College's Financial Literacy Program BUDGET WORKSHEET Sponsored Laundry/Dry Cleaning Credit Card Payment/Debt Entertainment Food: Groceries Eating out Personal Care

Huang, Jianyu

53

Critical Literacy Programs: Can Business Literacy be a Catalyst for Economic and Social Change?  

Microsoft Academic Search

While literacy is widely believed to be a driver of well-being and economic development, the actual performance of many literacy programs fails to deliver on these promises. Many existing literacy programs are based on an autonomous model of literacy, which assumes that literacy skills are ideologically neutral and can be easily applied, regardless of the social context. Yet literacy practices

Canan Corus; Julie L. Ozanne

2011-01-01

54

No Pitiful Stories: Looking at the Relationship between Adult Literacy Programs and Empowerment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When people seek to augment their reading and writing skills through participation in adult literacy programs, what do they expect to happen? An examination of brochures promoting adult literacy programs both nationally and in Philadelphia indicates that the programs promote adult literacy instruction as empowering learners and rescuing them from…

Novek, Eleanor M.

55

Why Is Health Literacy Related to Health? An Exploration Among U.S. National Assessment of Adult Literacy Participants 40 Years of Age and Older  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health literacy has emerged as an important factor related to health in older persons. The reason for the link between health literacy and health outcomes is not clear. Possible explanations include common relations among income, education, access to health care, health-promotion behaviors, frequency of reading, and perceptual impairments. In this study we investigate the relation of health literacy to self-reported

Raymond L. Ownby; Drenna Waldrop-Valverde; Jessica Taha

2012-01-01

56

HIV Education for Adult Literacy Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This staff development package is designed to inform adult literacy practitioners about Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome/Human Immunodeficiency Virus (AIDS/HIV) and to facilitate implementation of HIV education in adult literacy programs. It is intended to teach them to plan and implement HIV education for their adult literacy students and to…

Smith, Barbara E.

57

Is the National Literacy Strategy Raising the Achievement of Lower Attainers?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article questions whether the British National Literacy Strategy is raising the achievement of lower attainers and suggests adaptations, based on a Literacy Acceleration program. Literacy Acceleration is described as providing secondary-age students with reading difficulties with daily, specific teaching and individual attention within groups…

Lingard, Tony

2000-01-01

58

Predictive Validity Evidence for an Assessment Program Based on the Work Sampling System in Mathematics and Language and Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the predictive nature of teacher ratings of student performance on the mathematical thinking and language and literacy domains of a state mandated curriculum-embedded performance assessment for children in first grade to student achievement on a criterion-referenced test in third grade in mathematics and English language arts,…

Gallant, Dorinda J.

2009-01-01

59

The information literacy instruction assessment cycle  

E-print Network

The information literacy instruction assessment cycle A guide for increasing student learning, Syracuse, New York, USA Abstract Purpose ­ The aim of this paper is to present the Information Literacy information literacy skills. Design/methodology/approach ­ Employing survey design methodology, the researcher

Oakleaf, Megan

60

USGS National Water Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program Fiscal Year (FY) 2014 Proposed Reductions  

E-print Network

USGS National Water Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program Fiscal Year (FY) 2014 Proposed Reductions FY, Congress established the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) program of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) to answer a fundamental question: What is the status of the Nation's water quality

61

PRONUNCIATION VERIFICATION OF CHILDREN'S SPEECH FOR AUTOMATIC LITERACY ASSESSMENT  

E-print Network

PRONUNCIATION VERIFICATION OF CHILDREN'S SPEECH FOR AUTOMATIC LITERACY ASSESSMENT Joseph Tepperman1 part of automatically assessing a new reader's literacy is in verifying his pronunciation of read% of the time. Index Terms: children's speech, literacy, pronunciation 1. INTRODUCTION Automatically assessing

Alwan, Abeer

62

The Health Literacy of U.S. Adults across GED Credential Recipients, High School Graduates, and Non-High School Graduates. GED Testing Service[TM] Research Studies, 2008-1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health literacy is important for all adults. Because lower health literacy is associated with lower educational attainment, many adult basic and literacy education programs increasingly provide health education to low-literate adults to improve their health literacy. Using data from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL), this study…

Hsu, Yung-chen

2008-01-01

63

The Health Literacy of U.S. Adults across GED[R] Credential Recipients, High School Graduates, and Non-High School Graduates. GED Testing Service[R] Research Study, 2008-1. Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health literacy is important for all adults. Because lower health literacy is associated with lower educational attainment, many adult basic and literacy education programs increasingly provide health education to low-literate adults to improve their health literacy. Using data from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL), this study…

Hsu, Yung-chen

2008-01-01

64

Troubling literacy: monolingual assumptions, multilingual contexts, and language teacher expertise  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current educational context in many English speaking countries is one where literacy is understood to be essentially monolingual in orientation; that is, an understanding of literacy around a single common language, with the emphasis on identifying universal, normative ‘standards’ and ‘benchmarks’, such as the National Assessment Program-Literacy and Numeracy in Australia, the Primary National Strategy in the United Kingdom,

Russell Cross

2011-01-01

65

Integrating Literacy and Workplace Skills for Worker Advancement. Worker Education Program Final Report, May 1, 1992 - March 31, 1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Final evaluation of the Workplace Education Program, funded by the National Workplace Literacy Program to provide workplace literacy education programs to 425 members of Chicago (Illinois) area clothing and textile workers union members, is presented. The program's goal was to enhance workers' basic literacy skills for present job stabilization…

Boyter-Escalona, Margaret

66

Mathematical Literacy and Standardized Mathematical Assessments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mathematical literacy is an important skill that is gaining the attention of mathematics educators. Students are increasingly challenged on standardized assessments to read, create, use, and comprehend numerous mathematical representations as a way of demonstrating mathematical literacy. Test items assessing algebra concepts from the Texas…

Matteson, Shirley M.

2006-01-01

67

Self-Reporting and Test Discrepancy: Evidence from a National Literacy Survey in Bangladesh  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper aims to explore the discrepancy between self-reported and test-based literacy estimates in Bangladesh. It uses the Education Watch national literacy survey data of 2002, during which the literacy status of a nationally representative sample was identified using the two methods referred to above. The findings revealed that the literacy rate generated through a literacy test was significantly lower than that found when the self-report method was used. The level of discrepancy varied from one population group to another, indicating that literacy assessment using the self-report method cannot be equally appropriate for all population groups. Those with a few years of schooling were at a particular risk of over-estimating their status. The paper makes a case for a written literacy assessment rather than an oral evaluation.

Nath, Samir Ranjan

2007-03-01

68

Review of the U. S. G. S. National Water-Quality Assessment: Pilot Program  

SciTech Connect

A Review of the U.S.G.S. National Water Quality Assessment Pilot Program addresses the national trends in both surface and ground water quality. The committee came to the conclusion that a national-scale, long-term water quality assessment is in the best interest of the nation and that the U.S.G.S. is well qualified to implement the proposed NAWQA program. The committee chairman was Richard S. Engelbrecht, University of Illinois.

Not Available

1990-01-01

69

Wisconsin Workplace Partnership Training Program (National Workplace Literacy Program). June 1, 1992-December 31, 1993. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Wisconsin Workplace Partnership Training Program involved the state's technical college system board, state chapter of the AFL-CIO, Wisconsin Manufacturers and Commerce, and Madison Center on Education and Work. The state-level education-labor-management partnership was mirrored at the local level in 28 worksite education centers. Instruction…

Wisconsin State Board of Vocational, Technical and Adult Education, Madison. Wisconsin Technical Coll. System.

70

THE ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT PROGRAM: THE NATIONAL COASTAL ASSESSMENT ERF 2001, ST. PETE BEACH, NOV 4-8, 2001  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of the Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program's National Coastal Assessment (NCA) is to estimate the current status, extent, changes, and trends in ecological indicators of the condition of the nation's coastal resources on a state, regional and national basi...

71

Programmatic Assessment of Information Literacy Skills Using Rubrics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author describes the programmatic assessment of her medium-sized institution's library instruction program that focuses on the information literacy skills taught in the research component of the required English composition course. A research journal kept by each student serves as the assessment tool, and multiple rubrics are used for data…

Warner, Dorothy Anne

2009-01-01

72

National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program  

E-print Network

National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program NVLAP Assessor Training Assessment Techniques #12;National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program Outline · Purpose of the Types of Assessments Meeting · Case Study Assessment Techniques ­ September 24, 2013 2 #12;National Voluntary Laboratory

73

The First Five Years: National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy, 1996-2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since its establishment in 1996, the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy (NCSALL) has actively conducted and disseminated research to help build effective, cost- efficient adult education and literacy programs for adults who have low literacy and math skills, limited English skills, and/or no high school diploma. Funded as…

National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy, Boston, MA.

74

Financial Literacy Program Prepares Youth for Living on Their Own  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At one time, the financial unit of a family and consumer sciences (FCS) curriculum was as simple as looking at budgets and doing checkbook exercises. Today, the FCS financial literacy program is a 6-week unit, designed to meet the Colorado Core Life Management Curriculum Standard II, Managing Your Finances, and the FCS Education National Standard…

Franklin, Iris E.

2004-01-01

75

Literacy: State of the Nation--A Picture of Literacy in the UK Today  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literacy is the combination of reading, writing, speaking and listening skills we all need to fulfil our potential. These life skills are essential to the happiness, health and wealth of individuals and society. "Literacy: State of the Nation" provides a coherent picture of literacy in the UK today. It reveals that: (1) One in six people in the UK…

Jama, Deeqa; Dugdale, George

2012-01-01

76

NAPAP (National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program) operating research plan, 1986-1988  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) is to develop and progressively refine an objective and comprehensive body of information on the causes and effects of acidic deposition. The program includes research, monitoring and assessment activities that emphasize the timely development of a firmer scientific basis for decisionmaking by legislators, regulatory officials, resource managers, environmental groups, and

1986-01-01

77

Portraits of Excellence. The Secretary's Awards for Outstanding Adult Education and Literacy Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet describes 10 outstanding adult education and literacy programs, one for each of the country's 10 geographic regions, that won awards from the U.S. Secretary of Education in 1992. The winners embody the best elements of how the adult learning system will move the nation to meet the National Education Goal for Adult Literacy and…

Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC. Div. of Adult Education and Literacy.

78

APPLICATION OF THE NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSIONS INVENTORIES TO EULERIAN MODELING  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper presents the schedule for development and evaluation of Eulerian Acid Deposition Models as part of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program and discusses the critical need to reduce uncertainties in emissions inventories to provide more reliable modeling resul...

79

AMMONIA EMISSION FACTORS FOR THE NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSION INVENTORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The report provides information on certain sources of ammonia emissions to the atmosphere for use in the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) emission inventories. Major anthropogenic sources of ammonia emissions to the atmosphere are identified, and emission fa...

80

DEVELOPMENT OF THE 1985 NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSIONS INVENTORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper describes the development of the 1985 National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) emissions inventory. NAPAP includes the facility for research and preparation of comprehensive emission inventories. Task Group B, Man-made Sources within NAPAP, has directed th...

81

UTILITY EMISSIONS SOFTWARE FOR THE NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) 1985 EMISSIONS INVENTORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper discusses utility emissions software for the development of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) 1985 emissions inventory. For 1985, the development of an accurate and complete emissions inventory for pollutants considered to be precursors of acid ...

82

SPATIAL ALLOCATION FACTOR PROCEDURES FOR THE 1980 NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSIONS INVENTORY DOCUMENTATION  

EPA Science Inventory

The report documents the development of spatial allocation factors to apportion National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) area source emissions from counties to individual grid cells for input to the Regional Acid Deposition Models (RADM) and Regional Oxidant Models ...

83

Formative assessment: transforming information literacy instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to describe the use of a pre-assessment exercise and in-session assessment questions to determine graduate students' existing information literacy skills and to adjust the content of the instruction session accordingly. The paper seeks to propose that the use of assessments to inform instruction increases the practicality of research instruction. The use of formative assessment creates

Michelle Kathleen Dunaway; Michael Teague Orblych

2011-01-01

84

National Assessment of School Resource Officer Programs. Final Project Report. Document Number 209273  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been a growing interest in placing sworn police officers in schools as SROs to improve school safety. The purpose of the National Assessment was to identify what program "models" have been implemented, how programs have been implemented, and what the programs' possible effects may be. To obtain this information, Abt Associates conducted…

Finn, Peter; McDevitt, Jack

2005-01-01

85

[Synthesis of 107 Workplace Literacy Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined information from 107 workplace literacy program descriptions from the United States and drew conclusions about joint partnerships, funding, and flexibility. Most of the program descriptions were found in an extensive search using the ERIC database. The programs described were from 1989 and 1990. Some of the findings were the…

Bussert, Kathy M.

86

National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program Report to Congress: An Integrated Assessment  

SciTech Connect

Under Title IX of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, Congress reauthorized the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) to continue coordinating acid rain research and monitoring, as it had done during the previous decade, and to provide Congress with periodic reports. In particular, Congress asked NAPAP to assess all available data and information to answer two questions: (1) What are the costs, benefits, and effectiveness of Title IV? This question addresses the costs and economic impacts of complying with the Acid Rain Program as well as benefit analyses associated with the various human health and welfare effects, including reduced visibility, damages to materials and cultural resources, and effects on ecosystems. (2) What reductions in deposition rates are needed to prevent adverse ecological effects? This complex questions addresses ecological systems and the deposition levels at which they experience harmful effects. The results of the assessment of the effects of Title IV and of the relationship between acid deposition rates and ecological effects were to be reported to Congress quadrennially, beginning with the 1996 report to Congress. The objective of this Report is to address the two main questions posed by Congress and fully communicate the results of the assessment to decision-makers. Given the primary audience, most of this report is not written as a technical document, although information supporting the conclusions is provided along with references.

Uhart, M.; et al,

2005-08-01

87

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL/ENERGY WORKFORCE ASSESSMENT. WASTEWATER PROGRAMS  

EPA Science Inventory

The volume describes 28 post-secondary education/training programs which emphasize the environmental area of wastewater pollution control and abatement. The programs represent 16 states. Program areas of concentration include: water resources; wastewater pollution; plant operatio...

88

A Literacy Program for Fathers: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case study approach was used to document the literacy experiences of 25 fathers and their children who participated in a family literacy program. It explored the effects of a literacy intervention that was designed to assist fathers of five-year-old children to develop their children's literacy learning in a family environment. The findings…

Saracho, Olivia N.

2008-01-01

89

Community Literacy Programs and the Politics of Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The community literacy program of Western District Adult Basic Education in Georgia was examined to demonstrate how the meaning and value of literacy is a function of specific local institutions. The goal of the examination was to theorize literacy by constructing a localized framework for understanding literacy within a given institution in order…

Grabill, Jeffrey T.

90

A Guide to the Methodology of the National Research Council Assessment of the Doctorate Programs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A Guide to the Methodology of the National Research Council Assessment of the Doctorate Programs describes the purpose, data and methods used to calculate ranges or rankings for research-doctorate programs that participated in the NRC Assessment of Research-Doctorate programs. It is intended for those at universities who will have to explain the NRC Assessment to others at their university, to potential students, and to the press. Although the main text is fairly non-technical, it includes a technical description of the statistical methods used to derive rankings of over 5000 doctoral programs in 61 fields.

National Research Council (National Research Council Committee on Scientific and Humane Issues in the Use of Random Source Dogs and Cats for Research; Na)

2009-07-22

91

National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) program. A basis for water-resource policy development  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The concepts that are the basis for the U.S. Geological Survey's National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) program began forming in the early 1980's. By 1986, a pilot phase was initiated to test and refine assessment concepts and in 1991, the NAWQA program began a multi-year transition to a fully operational program. The goals of the program are to describe the status and trends in the quality of a large representative part of the Nation's ground- and surface-water resources and to develop an understanding of the natural and human factors affecting the quality of these resources. This information will provide a sound scientific basis upon which water resources decision making at all governmental levels can be based. To meet its goals, the program will integrate water-quality information at local, regional, and national scales. The program will be perennial and consist of two major components -- study-unit investigations and national assessment activities. Investigations of surface- and ground-water resources of major regional hydrologic systems (river basins and aquifer systems) each covering 1200 to about 60,000 square miles, will be conducted on a rotating basis for 60 study units located throughout the Nation. Key findings from these study-unit investigations will be used along with other information to provide issue-oriented water-quality assessments of regional and national interest.

Leahy, P. Patrick; Wilber, William G.

1991-01-01

92

Computer Literacy Needs in a Traditional Library Literacy Program: Results of a Needs Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports the results of a needs analysis of literacy programs for a library system serving three rural and suburban counties. It examines the computing skills and needs of literacy tutors as well as native-speaking and English language learner (ELL) literacy tutees enrolled in the programs. Paper surveys were mailed to tutors, who were…

Cullen, Theresa A.; Cobb, Inger C.

2011-01-01

93

U.S. Global Change Research Program National Climate Assessment Global Change Information System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The program: a) Coordinates Federal research to better understand and prepare the nation for global change. b) Priori4zes and supports cutting edge scientific work in global change. c) Assesses the state of scientific knowledge and the Nation s readiness to respond to global change. d) Communicates research findings to inform, educate, and engage the global community.

Tilmes, Curt

2012-01-01

94

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL/ENERGY WORKFORCE ASSESSMENT. ENERGY PROGRAMS  

EPA Science Inventory

The programs included in this volume are evidence that people are doing more than just talking about our energy future. In addition to well-established programs in nuclear engineering, mining, petroleum and natural gas technology and engineering, there are programs in energy conv...

95

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL/ENERGY WORKFORCE ASSESSMENT. RADIATION PROGRAMS  

EPA Science Inventory

The report describes radiation education/training programs which are currently being conducted in 23 states and one territory. In total there are 39 program entries included in this volume. Although the report attempts to concentrate mainly on radiation protection programs, aspec...

96

A multidimensional evaluation of a nursing information-literacy program.  

PubMed

The goal of an information-literacy program is to develop student skills in locating, evaluating, and applying information for use in critical thinking and problem solving. This paper describes a multidimensional evaluation process for determining nursing students' growth in cognitive and affective domains. Results indicate improvement in student skills as a result of a nursing information-literacy program. Multidimensional evaluation produces a well-rounded picture of student progress based on formal measurement as well as informal feedback. Developing new educational programs can be a time-consuming challenge. It is important, when expending so much effort, to ensure that the goals of the new program are achieved and benefits to students demonstrated. A multidimensional approach to evaluation can help to accomplish those ends. In 1988, The University of Northern Colorado School of Nursing began working with a librarian to integrate an information-literacy component, entitled Pathways to Information Literacy, into the curriculum. This article describes the program and discusses how a multidimensional evaluation process was used to assess program effectiveness. The evaluation process not only helped to measure the effectiveness of the program but also allowed the instructors to use several different approaches to evaluation. PMID:8826621

Fox, L M; Richter, J M; White, N E

1996-04-01

97

Assessing Information Literacy among Undergraduates 71 Assessing Information Literacy  

E-print Network

for organizing and accessing information. aving crossed the threshold into the twenty-first century, where do been written on the con- cept of information literacy during the past twenty-five years. Recommenda in fashioning solutions to all sorts of prob- lems. In an article written in 1994, Shirley J. Behrens described

California at Berkeley, University of

98

Media Literacy, News Literacy, or News Appreciation? A Case Study of the News Literacy Program at Stony Brook University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study provides practical and theoretical insights into the Stony Brook news literacy program, which is one of the most ambitious and well-funded curricular experiments in modern journalism education and media literacy. Analysis of document, interview, and observation data indicates that news literacy educators sought to teach students…

Fleming, Jennifer

2014-01-01

99

Welcome to the USGS NAWQA Program Quarterly Highlights, April 2011 Highlights are from the USGS National Water-Quality Assessment Program (NAWQA), which has assessed the  

E-print Network

Welcome to the USGS NAWQA Program Quarterly Highlights, April 2011 Highlights are from the USGS National Water-Quality Assessment Program (NAWQA), which has assessed the physical, chemical and biological was developed with support from the NAWQA Program and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Environmental

100

Preparing for the Plunge: Preservice Teachers' Assessment Literacy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using a framework of assessment literacy that included principles, tools, and purposes, this study explored the assessment literacy of 11 secondary preservice teachers. Participants' journals, teaching philosophies, and inquiry-based science units served as data sources. We examined how the preservice teachers understood assessment tools as well as their reasons for using assessment. Additionally, we investigated how the preservice teachers incorporated assessments into inquiry-based science units. Analysis of these documents indicated that preservice teachers recognize the need to align assessments with learning goals and instructional strategies and are using a variety of assessments. They understood several ways to use assessment for learning. However, the inclusion of assessments contained within the science units did not fully align with the views of assessment the preservice teachers presented in their teaching philosophies or journals. Instead of using a variety of assessments that reflect science reforms, the preservice teachers reverted to traditional forms of assessment in their science units. Teacher education programs need to place more emphasis on developing preservice teachers' assessment literacy so that they are better able to select and implement a variety of appropriate assessments to foster student learning.

Siegel, Marcelle A.; Wissehr, Cathy

2011-06-01

101

Biological assessment for the effluent reduction program, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the biological assessment for the effluent recution program proposed to occur within the boundaries of Los Alamos National Laboratory. Potential effects on wetland plants and on threatened and endangered species are discussed, along with a detailed description of the individual outfalls resulting from the effluent reduction program.

Cross, S.P.

1996-08-01

102

Literacy behind Bars: Results from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy Prison Survey: Chapter 4--Education and Job Training in Prison  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prisons are intended to rehabilitate criminal offenders, as well as to punish and incapacitate them. The education and training systems operating within most prisons are a key component of the rehabilitation mission of prisons. Previous studies have shown a relationship between participation in educational programs and recidivism rates, with…

Greenberg, Elizabeth; Dunleavy, Eric; Kutner, Mark

2008-01-01

103

A National Program for the Assessment and Treatment of Sex Offenders in the English Prison System  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new national prison strategy for the assessment and treatment of sex offenders in England is described. Its main features are the potential inclusion of all convicted sex offenders sentenced to 4 or more years in prison, a coordinated and systematized assessment and treatment package, reliance on nonspecialist personnel to deliver treatment, and the integration of population and program research.

DON GRUBIN; DAVID THORNTON

1994-01-01

104

Contribution from the National Water-Quality Assessment Program U.S. Department of the Interior  

E-print Network

Contribution from the National Water-Quality Assessment Program U.S. Department of the Interior U, State, and local levels in making sound decisions. Assessment of water-quality conditions and trends academic institutions. These organizations are collecting water-quality data for a host of purposes

105

PRIMARY SULFATE EMISSION FACTORS FOR THE NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSIONS INVENTORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The report gives results of an estimation of primary sulfate emission factors for use in the 1980 and 1985 National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) emissions inventories. The estimates were developed from an assessment of existing measurements data for source catego...

106

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL/ENERGY WORKFORCE ASSESSMENT. SOLID WASTE PROGRAMS  

EPA Science Inventory

There are very few solid waste management programs currently being conducted in the United States. There are individual course offerings available at approximately 74 institutions. The criteria utilized for selection of an institution's program in the area of solid waste manageme...

107

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL/ENERGY WORKFORCE ASSESSMENT. AIR PROGRAMS  

EPA Science Inventory

The directory provides information on post-secondary environmental education programs in the United States. Structured around information requests mailed to post-secondary education institutions, the directory provides the name and address of each institution listed, a contact pe...

108

Decree No. 013/PRG concerning creation of a National Guinean Commission of Literacy and Adult Education, 21 January 1987.  

PubMed

This Decree creates a National Guinean Commission of Literacy and Adult Education under the Minister of National Education. The following are among the goals of the Commission: 1) to regroup the organizations, both public and private, that are engaged in adult education and literacy, with the goal of making their activities more useful; 2) to formulate adult education programs and strategies to combat illiteracy, keeping in mind the policy of human advancement; 3) to harmonize and coordinate all literacy programs and adult education activities; 4) to further the development and implementation of programs relating to literacy, adult education, and continuing and professional education; 5) to undertake studies and research relating to literacy, national languages, and adult education; and 6) to collect and disseminate information, documents, and studies in the area of literacy and adult education in Guinea and elsewhere. Further provisions of the Decree deal with the composition, organization, and resources of the Commission, among other things. PMID:12289443

1988-01-01

109

Mother Tongue and ESL Literacy Program Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This survey was developed in 1991 by Marilyn Gillespie, David Spener, and JoAnn Crandall at the Center for Applied Linguistics (CAL), and was used for a 2-year project with funding from the National Center for Adult Literacy, established at the University of Pennsylvania by the U.S. Department of Education. The survey was used to collect…

Gillespie, Marilyn; And Others

110

African American Men, Identity, and Participation in Adult Basic Education and Literacy Programs. Research Brief #6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the national graduation rate for African American males is only 47% (Schott Foundation for Public Education, 2010), few studies have explored their experiences in adult basic and literacy education (ABEL) programs. This study draws on prior research to explore the relationship between literacy and identity and its potential for…

Drayton, Brendaly; Prins, Esther

2011-01-01

111

A Comparative Survey of Seven Adult Functional Literacy Programs in Sub-Saharan Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study compares the adult functional literacy campaigns and programs developed in seven African nations: the Gambia, Liberia, Mali, Burundi, Rwanda, Kenya, and Seychelles. After an introductory chapter outlining the background of African adult functional literacy efforts and some of the constraints on them, the second chapter gives an overview of…

Richmond, Edmun B.

112

National Assessment Program--Civics and Citizenship Year 10 School Assessment, 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2004, the Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (MCEETYA) conducted an assessment of a sample of Year 6 and Year 10 students across Australia to assess their proficiency in civics and citizenship. The assessment of civics and citizenship is part of a national plan that is being put progressively in place to…

Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (NJ1), 2004

2004-01-01

113

National Assessment Program--Civics and Citizenship Year 6 School Assessment, 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2004, the Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (MCEETYA) conducted an assessment of a sample of Year 6 and Year 10 students across Australia to assess their proficiency in civics and citizenship. The assessment of civics and citizenship is part of a national plan that is being put progressively in place to…

Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (NJ1), 2004

2004-01-01

114

National Assessment Program--Civics and Citizenship Year 6 School Assessment, 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2007, the Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (MCEETYA) conducted an assessment of a sample of Year 6 and Year 10 students across Australia to assess their proficiency in civics and citizenship. The assessment of civics and citizenship is part of a national plan that has been put in place to monitor and…

Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (NJ1), 2007

2007-01-01

115

National Assessment Program--Civics and Citizenship Year 10 School Assessment, 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2007, the Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (MCEETYA) conducted an assessment of a sample of Year 6 and Year 10 students across Australia to assess their proficiency in civics and citizenship. The assessment of civics and citizenship is part of a national plan that has been put in place to monitor and…

Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (NJ1), 2007

2007-01-01

116

Economic valuation of acidic deposition damages: Preliminary results from the 1985 NAPAP (National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program) damage assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper identifies methods used to evaluate the economic damages of acid deposition in the 1985 Damage Assessment being coordinated by the National Acid Precipitation Program. It also presents the preliminary estimates of economic damages for the Assessment. Economic damages are estimated for four effect areas: commercial agriculture and forests, recreational fishing and selected types of materials. In all but

J. M. Callaway; R. F. Darwin; R. J. Nesse

1985-01-01

117

Constructing Adult Literacies at a Local Literacy Tutor-Training Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates how literacy was constructed at an adult literacy organization's volunteer tutor-training program. By drawing on qualitative analysis of training texts used during training, such as training evaluations, and data gathered from interviews with experienced tutors, it is possible to identify the assumptions about literacy

Roderick, Ryan

2013-01-01

118

Access to Literacy Programs: Perspectives of African-American Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African Americans are underrepresented in adult literacy programs. African-American adult literacy students were interviewed on their reasons for program attendance and nonattendance. Timing was the most important factor determining attendance. Subjects believed the educational system made learning difficult for them, and increased literacy would…

Denny, Verna Haskins

1992-01-01

119

Reading Profiles for Adults with Low-Literacy: Cluster Analysis with Power and Speeded Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United States' National Institute for Literacy's (NIFL) review of adult literacy instruction research recommended adult education (AE) programs assess underlying reading abilities in order to plan appropriate instruction for low-literacy learners. This study developed adult reading ability groups using measures from power tests and speeded…

Mellard, Daryl F.; Fall, Emily; Mark, Caroline

2009-01-01

120

Developing an Employee Volunteer Literacy Program. BCEL Bulletin. Issue No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin aims to provide guidance to business companies in developing an employee volunteer literacy program in which employees volunteer their time to assist in such aspects of community adult literacy campaigns as advocacy, public relations, fundraising, community leadership, and tutoring. A section on assessing local community needs…

BCEL Bulletin, 1986

1986-01-01

121

Assessing Pre-Service Teachers' Environmental Literacy in Turkey as a Mean to Develop Teacher Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigates environmental literacy of pre-service teachers at one of the largest public universities in Turkey. The research evaluates the relationship of pre-service teachers' environmental knowledge, attitude, and concerns of their interests in environmental problems, involving outdoor activities, parents' interest and involvement in…

Tuncer, Gaye; Tekkaya, Ceren; Sungur, Semra; Cakiroglu, Jale; Ertepinar, Hamide; Kaplowitz, Michael

2009-01-01

122

Literacy in Malta: The National Literacy Survey of Year 5 Pupils (Aged 9-10)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The work reported here is based on the second Malta National Literacy Survey, carried out in March 2002. All Year 5 pupils in Malta were involved and their literacy attainment in both Maltese and English was tested. Two parallel multi-level analyses were carried out, one for Maltese, the other for English. The background variables were; gender,…

Mifsud, Charles; Grech, Rowena; Hutchison, Dougal; Morrison, Jo

2005-01-01

123

Chemical Exposure Assessment Program at Los Alamos National Laboratory: A risk based approach  

SciTech Connect

The University of California Contract And DOE Order 5480.10 require that Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) perform health hazard assessments/inventories of all employee workplaces. In response to this LANL has developed the Chemical Exposure Assessment Program. This program provides a systematic risk-based approach to anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of chemical workplace exposures. Program implementation focuses resources on exposures with the highest risks for causing adverse health effects. Implementation guidance includes procedures for basic characterization, qualitative risk assessment, quantitative validation, and recommendations and reevaluation. Each component of the program is described. It is shown how a systematic method of assessment improves documentation, retrieval, and use of generated exposure information.

Stephenson, D.J.

1996-04-01

124

A summary of the U.S. Geological Survey National Water-Quality Assessment program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Beginning in 1986, the Congress appropriated funds for the U.S. Geological Survey to test and refine concepts for a National Water Quality Assessment Program. At present, the program is in a pilot phase with field studies occurring in seven areas around the Nation. In 1990, a committee of the National Academy of Sciences will complete an evaluation of the design and potential utility of the program. A decision about moving to full-scale implementation will be made upon completion of this evaluation. The program is intended to address a wide range of national water quality issues that include chemical contamination, acidification, eutrophication, salinity, sedimentation, and sanitary quality. The goals of the program are to: (1) provide nationally consistent descriptions of current water quality conditions for a large part of the Nation 's water resources; (2) define long-term trends (or lack of trends) in water quality; and (3) identify and describe the relations of both current conditions and trends in water quality to natural and human factors. This information will be provided to water managers, policy makers, and the public to provide an improved scientific basis for evaluating the effectiveness of water quality management programs and for predicting the likely effects of contemplated changes in land- and water-management practices. (USGS)

Hirsch, R. M.; Alley, W. M.; Wilber, W. G.

1988-01-01

125

National Literacy Trust Survey in Partnership with Nursery World: Investigating Communication, Language and Literacy Development in the Early Years Sector  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In May 2011 "Nursery World" and the National Literacy Trust launched its language development survey to celebrate Hello; the national year of communication. The National Literacy Trust teamed up with "Nursery World" to carry out research into the sector's support for children's language and literacy development. Two hundred twenty one early years…

Halden, Amanda; Clark, Christina; Lewis, Fiona

2011-01-01

126

A PHOENIX RISING: ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT PROGRAM AND THE COASTAL 2000 NATIONAL SURVEY  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of the Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program-Coastal Resources is to estimate the current status, extent, changes, and trends in ecological indicators of the condition of the nation's coastal resources (intertidal, subtidal, and offshore) on a regional and n...

127

VOC (VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND EMISSION FACTORS FOR THE NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSION INVENTORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The report gives results of the generation of emission factors for volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions for a number of source classification categories (SCCs), as part of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP). Each SCC represents a process or function t...

128

ANTHROPOGENIC EMISSIONS DATA FOR THE 1985 NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) INVENTORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The report documents the development of the anthropogenic emissions estimates to be used in the 1985 National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) Emissions Inventory. Point and area source data, spanning the contiguous U.S., focus on the NAPAP high priority pollutants S...

129

AREA SOURCE ESTIMATES FOR THE 1985 NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSIONS INVENTORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper discusses the revised area source methodologies used by the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) and EPA's Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards (OAQPS) to generate the emissions estimates found in the 1985 NAPAP Emissions Inventory. The informa...

130

AREA SOURCE DOCUMENTATION FOR THE 1985 NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM INVENTORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The report provides, to states and other participants and users of the 1985 National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program Emissions Inventory, a general understanding of the estimating procedures that will be used by NAPAP and EPA's Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards t...

131

ASSISTANCE TO STATES IN PREPARING 1985 NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSIONS INVENTORY SUBMITTALS  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper describes the coordinated effort undertaken by the U.S. EPA to provide resources to the states for the delivery of a high quality emissions inventory within the schedule set by the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP), and will be of interest to indivi...

132

DEVELOPMENT OF THE 1980 NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSIONS INVENTORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The report documents the development of the 1980 National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) Emissions Inventory. The current version of the annual inventory, Version 5.0, and the related Version 5.2 Eulerian Modeling Inventory and Version 5.3 Regional Oxidant Modeling...

133

Literacy for Living Conference Papers. Australian Council for Adult Literacy National Conference (12th, Brisbane, Australia, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 43 papers on many aspects of adult literacy: "Literacy, Human Rights and Equality of Opportunity" (Einfeld); "Overcoming Illiteracy" (Marquet); "The Literacy Issue" (Crocker); "Literacy and Civil Liberties" (O'Gorman); "Designing a Tutor Training Program for Tutors of ESL" (Bowyer); "Catch the Spirit" (Stephens); "Reading,…

Norton, Marian, Ed.

134

28 CFR 544.71 - Exceptions to required literacy program participation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT EDUCATION Literacy Program § 544.71 Exceptions...diagnostic assessment) to have a documented emotional, mental, or physical individual impediment...Staff shall document in the inmate's education file the specific reasons for not...

2010-07-01

135

What Is the Place for National Assessment in the Prevention and Resolution of Reading Difficulties?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Controversy has surrounded the annual National Assessment Program-Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) since its introduction in 2008. This initiative was designed to provide nationally consistent information on student progress in basic skills in years 3, 5, and 7, replacing the various state-based tests that preceded it. A great deal of criticism has…

Hempenstall, Kerry

2013-01-01

136

Book Bridges: A Family Literacy Program for Immigrant Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Book Bridges, a community-based family literacy program which aims to increase literacy for parents and children through composing and sharing family stories. Discusses how immigrant mothers' experiences in a reading workshop, writing workshop, and literature circles combined to support the development of English literacy, personal…

Zakaluk, Beverley L.; Wynes, Barbara J.

1995-01-01

137

Project GOLD: Growth Opportunities through Learning & Doing, Performance Reporting Period, November 1, 1996-February 28, 1998. National Workplace Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project "Growth Opportunities through Learning and Doing" (GOLD), Seminole Community College's basic skills update program, enrolled 107 students at 2 manufacturing facilities from April 1995-February 1998. Employees from Siemens Telecom Network (formerly known as Siemens Stromberg-Carlson) studied offsite in a classroom equipped with 10 computers…

Seminole Community Coll., Sanford, FL.

138

Year 5 Booster Units. The National Literacy Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The eight units of work in this document are designed to complement existing literacy booster units. Each unit is based on teaching objectives from the National Literacy Strategy Framework. They have been produced with the help of Year 5 teachers and have been trialled with pupils in a range of schools. The units support teachers' work with Year 5…

Department for Education and Employment, London (England).

139

National Standards for Financial Literacy: Rationale and Content  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "National Standards for Financial Literacy" describe the knowledge, understanding, and skills that are important for students to learn about personal finance. They are designed to guide teachers, school administrators, and other educators in developing curriculum and educational materials for teaching financial literacy. In this…

Bosshardt, William; Walstad, William B.

2014-01-01

140

Building Sustainable Adult Literacy Provision: A Review of International Trends in Adult Literacy Policy and Programs. Support Document  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this report was to analyze, through a desktop audit, international trends in adult literacy policy and programs. The audit includes an examination of the significant research undertaken, and policy statements made by international institutions such as the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), the…

McKenna, Rosa; Fitzpatrick, Lynne

2004-01-01

141

Practical Assessment of Adult Literacy in Health Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low literacy is a pervasive and underrecognized problem in health care. Approximately 21% of American adults are functionally illiterate, and another 27% have marginal literacy skills. Such patients may have difficulty reading and understanding discharge instructions, medication labels, patient education materials, consent forms, or health surveys. Properly assessing the literacy level of individual patients or groups may avoid problems in

Terry C. Davis; Robert Michielutte; Eunice N. Askov; Mark V. Williams; Barry D. Weiss

1998-01-01

142

Literacy of Older Adults in America. Results from the National Adult Literacy Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey (NALS) examined three types of literacy--prose, document, and quantitative--among the entire older adult population and various subgroups thereof. Of the nationally representative sample of 26,091 adults interviewed during the NALS, 2,267 were aged 60-69, 1,005 were aged 70-79, and 442 were at least 80 years…

Brown, Helen; And Others

143

Information Technology and Literacy Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares technology predictions from around 1989 with the technology of 2002. Discusses the place of computer-based assessment today, computer-scored testing, computer-administered formal assessment, Internet-based formal assessment, computerized adaptive tests, placement tests, informal assessment, electronic portfolios, information management,…

Balajthy, Ernest

2002-01-01

144

The College of Education Family Literacy Program: Exploring the Literacy Experiences of Latino Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study presents the results of a fifteen-month research project conducted with a group of Latina (Mexicana) immigrant mothers who took part in an after-school family literacy program that was grounded in a participatory approach to education. This family literacy program emphasized a "strengths" perspective by acknowledging the rich resources…

Fessinger, Rosemary Kubiak

2009-01-01

145

Calling the nation to act: Implementing the national action plan to improve health literacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Action Plan to Improve Health Literacy is a framework that all clinical and public health professionals, including nurses, can use to identify and address health literacy barriers that negatively affect patient care and individual and community health outcomes. Of all the clinical disciplines, nursing has a unique relationship to health literacy because nurses are responsible for the majority

Cynthia Baur

2011-01-01

146

28 CFR 544.71 - Exceptions to required literacy program participation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Exceptions to required literacy program participation. 544.71 Section... INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT EDUCATION Literacy Program § 544.71 Exceptions to required literacy program participation. (a) The...

2013-07-01

147

28 CFR 544.71 - Exceptions to required literacy program participation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Exceptions to required literacy program participation. 544.71 Section... INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT EDUCATION Literacy Program § 544.71 Exceptions to required literacy program participation. (a) The...

2012-07-01

148

28 CFR 544.71 - Exceptions to required literacy program participation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Exceptions to required literacy program participation. 544.71 Section... INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT EDUCATION Literacy Program § 544.71 Exceptions to required literacy program participation. (a) The...

2011-07-01

149

The U.S. Geological Survey`s national water quality assessment program  

SciTech Connect

The National Water Quality Assessment Program (NAWQA), which began in 1991, is designed to describe the status and trends of water quality in the United States and to identify and explain the major factors affecting water quality. A nationally consistent program is needed to address basic questions. Is water quality getting better or worse? What portion of the surface water and ground water is uncontaminated, and how do point and non-point sources of pollution affect water quality? What is the relative importance of agricultural versus urban runoff? How variable is water-quality across the United States? How do land alteration and changes in habitat affect water quality? Previous programs have been unable to answer these questions because they have lacked a multiple-scale, interdisciplinary, interagency, long-term approach. The NAWQA program meets this challenge by utilizing interdisciplinary and interagency teams of hydrologists, chemists, and aquatic biologists in each of 60 study units covering a diversity of conditions across the United States. Streamflow and ground-water levels are measured, water-quality samples are collected, processed, and analyzed, and ecological evaluations are made of stream and floodplain habitats and aquatic communities of fish, benthic invertebrates, and algae. Information from these study units will be compiled to obtain regional and national perspectives on water quality. This will reduce uncertainty in water-resources planning, management, and regulation, and will be useful for the protection, use, and enhancement of the Nation`s water resources.

Sylvester, M.A. [Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA (United States)

1995-12-31

150

Critical Media Literacy: TV Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Television programming has a huge impact on the lives of children. This lesson focuses on the stereotypical and racial messages that are portrayed through television programming with a focus on situational comedies. During the four 45-minute lessons, grade 6-8 students will: analyze portrayals of different groups of people in the media;…

Henry, Laurie

151

Marketing Your Adult Literacy Program: A "How To" Manual. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a training module designed to help adult literacy program providers in New York and elsewhere to use the principles of social marketing to improve recruitment and retention in adult education programming. Literacy program providers are taught to view the social marketing process as a process of exchange between themselves as…

Smith, Barbara E.

152

Adult Literacy Programs in Uganda. Africa Region Human Development Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report evaluates the outcomes and cost effectiveness of adult literacy programs in Ugandan villages and compares government programs with those provided by nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). Part 1 describes evaluation objectives, government and NGO literacy programs and the rural socioeconomic context, and evaluation design. About 100…

Okech, Anthony; Carr-Hill, Roy A.; Katahoire, Anne R.; Kakooza, Teresa; Ndidde, Alice N.; Oxenham, John

153

Smaller, Quicker, Cheaper: Alternative Strategies for Literacy Assessment in the UN Literacy Decade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the context of the UN Literacy Decade (declared in February 2003), the present paper suggests three parameters that should be considered when new tools for assessment are considered in less developed countries (LDCs), each of which poses a special challenge to international comparative literacy assessment, such as in the International Adult…

Wagner, Daniel A.

2003-01-01

154

Literacy Assessment: A Collection of Articles from the Australian Literacy Educators' Association.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers 19 articles, published between 1992 and 2002 by the Australian Literacy Educators' Association, that present diverse viewpoints related to literacy assessment and reporting practices. Following an Introduction, articles in the book are: "Understanding the Influences on Teachers' Judgments in the Process of Assessing and Reporting…

Fehring, Heather, Ed.

155

Effective Literacy Coaching: Building Expertise and a Culture of Literacy: An ASCD Action Tool  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Effective Literacy Coaching: Building Expertise and a Culture of Literacy," literacy experts Shari Frost, Roberta Buhle, and Camille Blachowicz provide more than 50 practical activities designed to help K-12 literacy professionals: (1) Assess the current literacy program; (2) Plan changes that will foster a culture of literacy; (3) Collaborate…

Blachowicz, Camille L.Z.; Buhle, Roberta; Frost, Shari

2009-01-01

156

Methods for collecting benthic invertebrate samples as part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Benthic invertebrate communities are evaluated as part of the ecological survey component of the U.S. Geological Survey's National Water-Quality Assessment Program. These biological data are collected along with physical and chemical data to assess water-quality conditions and to develop an understanding of the factors that affect water-quality conditions locally, regionally, and nationally. The objectives of benthic invertebrate community characterizations are to (1) develop for each site a list of tax a within the associated stream reach and (2) determine the structure of benthic invertebrate communities within selected habitats of that reach. A nationally consistent approach is used to achieve these objectives. This approach provides guidance on site, reach, and habitat selection and methods and equipment for qualitative multihabitat sampling and semi-quantitative single habitat sampling. Appropriate quality-assurance and quality-control guidelines are used to maximize the ability to analyze data within and among study units.

Cuffney, Thomas F.; Gurtz, Martin E.; Meador, Michael R.

1993-01-01

157

Conceptualising Teachers' Assessment Literacies in an Era of Curriculum and Assessment Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher assessment literacy is a phrase that is often used but rarely defined. Yet understanding teacher assessment literacy is important in an international curriculum and assessment reform context that continues to challenge teachers' assessment practices. In this article situated examples of classroom assessment literacies are analysed using…

Willis, Jill; Adie, Lenore; Klenowski, Val

2013-01-01

158

Methods for collecting algal samples as part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Benthic algae (periphyton) and phytoplankton communities are characterized in the U.S. Geological Survey's National Water-Quality Assessment Program as part of an integrated physical, chemical, and biological assessment of the Nation's water quality. This multidisciplinary approach provides multiple lines of evidence for evaluating water-quality status and trends, and for refining an understanding of the factors that affect water-quality conditions locally, regionally, and nationally. Water quality can be characterized by evaluating the results of qualitative and quantitative measurements of the algal community. Qualitative periphyton samples are collected to develop of list of taxa present in the sampling reach. Quantitative periphyton samples are collected to measure algal community structure within selected habitats. These samples of benthic algal communities are collected from natural substrates, using the sampling methods that are most appropriate for the habitat conditions. Phytoplankton samples may be collected in large nonwadeable streams and rivers to meet specific program objectives. Estimates of algal biomass (chlorophyll content and ash-free dry mass) also are optional measures that may be useful for interpreting water-quality conditions. A nationally consistent approach provides guidance on site, reach, and habitat selection, as well as information on methods and equipment for qualitative and quantitative sampling. Appropriate quality-assurance and quality-control guidelines are used to maximize the ability to analyze data locally, regionally, and nationally.

Porter, Stephen D.; Cuffney, Thomas F.; Gurtz, Martin E.; Meador, Michael R.

1993-01-01

159

Pollution prevention opportunity assessment for Sandia National Laboratories/California recycling programs.  

SciTech Connect

This Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment (PPOA) was conducted for the Sandia National Laboratories/California (SNL/CA) Environmental Management Department between May 2006 and March 2007, to evaluate the current site-wide recycling program for potential opportunities to improve the efficiency of the program. This report contains a summary of the information collected and analyses performed with recommended options for implementation. The SNL/NM Pollution Prevention (P2) staff worked with the SNL/CA P2 Staff to arrive at these options.

Wrons, Ralph Jordan; Vetter, Douglas Walter

2007-07-01

160

An Evaluability Assessment of the Toyota Families in Schools Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Toyota Families in Schools (TFS) Program is a new family literacy initiative that was developed by the National Center for Family Literacy (NCFL) with support from the Toyota Motor Corporation. TFS is based on a previous NCFL model calling for providing literacy activities to preschoolers and parents from low-income families. NCFL wanted to…

Quint, Janet

161

Methods for sampling fish communities as part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Fish community structure is characterized in the U.S. Geological Survey's National Water-Quality Assessment Program as part of an integrated physical, chemical, and biological assessment of the Nation's water quality. The objective of the National Water-Quality Assessment characterization of fish community structure is to relate fish community characteristics to physical, chemical, and other biological factors to assess water-quality conditions. To accomplish this, fish community structure is described at sites representing selected environmental settings. In addition, spatial and temporal patterns in fish community structure are examined at local, regional, and national levels. A representative sample of the fish community is collected by sampling a stream reach using two complementary methods. The primary collection method is electrofishing using backpack, towed, or boat-operated electrofishing gear; seining is a secondary technique. Other secondary techniques may be substituted after careful consideration of sampling efficiency and consultation with local fish ecologists. Before fish sampling is conducted, careful consideration must be given to collecting permits; protecting endangered, threatened, and special-concern species; and coordinating sampling efforts with other fish ecologists. After the sample is collected, individual fish are identified to species by ichthyologists. Length and weight measurements are taken, and the presence of external anomalies are recorded.

Meador, M. R.; Cuffney, T. F.; Gurtz, M. E.

1993-01-01

162

75 FR 4833 - National Protection and Programs Directorate; Assessment Questionnaire-Voluntary Chemical...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Programs Directorate; Assessment Questionnaire--Voluntary Chemical Assessment Tool...new collection request, Assessment Questionnaire--Voluntary Chemical Assessment Tool...be prompted with the VCAT Assessment questionnaire and will answer various questions...

2010-01-29

163

Sparks Fade, Knowledge Stays: The National Early Literacy Panel's Report Lacks Staying Power  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author talks about "Developing Early Literacy," the report of the National Early Literacy Panel. The panel, which consisted of nine experts, was convened by the National Institute for Literacy to synthesize the research on the development of literacy from birth through age 5. Over the eight years of their work, only 190…

Neuman, Susan B.

2010-01-01

164

Portrayals of Print Literacy in Children's Television Programming  

Microsoft Academic Search

Television continues to be an important part of young children's daily lives. Therefore, an important question lies in how popular television programs depict aspects of children's development and learning, including literacy. Through a content analysis, this study analyzed the top 10 programs for viewers between the ages of 2 and 5 for portrayals of literacy, specifically looking at the amount

Annie M. Moses; Nell K. Duke

2008-01-01

165

34 CFR 464.1 - What is the State Literacy Resource Centers Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... The State Literacy Resource Centers Program assists State and local public and private nonprofit efforts to eliminate illiteracy through a program of State literacy resource center grants to— (a) Stimulate the coordination of literacy...

2010-07-01

166

(version, June 30, 2010) The National Water-Quality Assessment Program--Science to Policy and Management  

E-print Network

1 (version, June 30, 2010) The National Water-Quality Assessment Program--Science to Policy to Policy ­ p. 45 "In 1991, Congress established the National Water Quality Assessment to answer a critical polluted? By answering this question, policy-makers and professionals concerned about clean water are able

167

National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program: Acidic deposition: An inventory of non-Federal research, monitoring, and assessment information  

SciTech Connect

The Acid Precipitation Act of 1990 (Title VII of the Energy Security Act of 1980, P.L. 96-294) established the Interagency Task Force on Acid Precipitation to develop and implement the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP). The information included in the document was provided to NAPAP's Task Group Leaders and State-of-Science and State-of-Technology authors in July 1989. The early release was intended to assure that the authors would be aware of the information at an early phase in the assessment production process.

Herrick, C.N.

1990-01-01

168

75 FR 4794 - National Assessment Governing Board; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Number 10 [pages 2529-2530] announcing a public hearing on January 28, 2010 to obtain comment on the draft Technological Literacy Assessment Framework for the National Assessment of Educational Progress. The public hearing is hereby cancelled....

2010-01-29

169

Preliminary assessment report for National Guard Facility, Installation 25255, Rehoboth, Massachusetts. Installation Restoration Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the results of the preliminary assessment (PA) conducted by Argonne National Laboratory at the Massachusetts Army National Guard (MAARNG) property known as the Rehoboth National Guard Facility (RNGF) in Rehoboth, Massachusetts. Prelim...

R. Haffenden, S. Flaim, M. Krokosz

1993-01-01

170

Assessment of health literacy as a part of a university medication therapy management program for patients with chronic conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of pharmacists in the U.S. continues to evolve. Pharmacists are now being trained to be drug information specialists and medication counselors. More than ever, pharmacists are helping patients with chronic conditions manage their diseases through the use of medication therapy management programs. As a part of these programs, it is important that pharmacists are aware of what affect

Jason T. Range

2011-01-01

171

Predictors of Numeracy Performance in National Testing Programs: Insights from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is based on an exploratory study that examines factors which predict children's performance on the numeracy component of the Australian National Assessment Program--Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN). Utilizing an ecological theoretical model, this study examines child, home and school variables which may enable or constrain NAPLAN…

Carmichael, Colin; MacDonald, Amy; McFarland-Piazza, Laura

2014-01-01

172

Anatomy of a Technology Transfer: The National Commission on Libraries and Information Science Literacy Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a demonstration project conducted by the National Commission on Libraries and Information Science to transfer reading development technology developed by the military to adult literacy education. The development and testing of a computer-assisted instruction program for language skills in two library sites and plans for expanded testing…

Young, Christina Carr

1986-01-01

173

Globalising Assessment: An Ethnography of Literacy Assessment, Camels and Fast Food in the Mongolian Gobi  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What happens when standardised literacy assessments travel globally? The paper presents an ethnographic account of adult literacy assessment events in rural Mongolia. It examines the dynamics of literacy assessment in terms of the movement and re-contextualisation of test items as they travel globally and are received locally by Mongolian…

Maddox, Bryan

2014-01-01

174

Designing a Web-Based Assessment Environment for Improving Pre-Service Teacher Assessment Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher assessment literacy is a key factor in the success of teaching, but some studies concluded that teachers lack it. The aim of this research is to propose the ''Practicing, Reflecting and Revising with WATA system (P2R-WATA) Assessment Literacy Development Model'' for improving pre-service teacher assessment literacy. WATA system offers…

Wang, Tzu-Hua; Wang, Kuo-Hua; Huang, Shih-Chieh

2008-01-01

175

Recommendations for Cycle II of National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Planning Team for the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program defines a successful NAWQA Program as one that makes a balanced contribution to study-unit issues, national issues, and to the pursuit of scientific knowledge. Using this criterion, NAWQA has been a success. The program has provided important new knowledge and understanding of scientific processes, and insights into the occurrence and distribution of contaminants that have been key to local and national policy decisions. Most of the basic design characteristics of NAWQA's first decade (1991-2000), hereafter called cycle I) remain appropriate as the program enters its second decade (cycle II) in 2001. In cycle II, the program has the opportunity to build on its successful base and to evolve to take advantage of the knowledge generated in cycle I. In addition to this expected evolution, NAWQA must also make some changes to compensate for the fact that program funding has not kept pace with inflation. An important theme for the second cycle of NAWQA will be the integration of knowledge across scales and across disciplines. The question that drove the NAWQA design in the first cycle was "How is water quality related to land use?" Cycle II will build upon what was learned in cycle I and use land-use and water-quality gradients to identify and understand potential sources of various constituents and the processes affecting transport and fate of those constituents and their effects on receptors. The understanding we gain from applying this approach will be relevant to the interests of policymakers, regulatory agencies, and resource managers.

Mallard, Gail E.; Armbruster, Jeffrey T.; Broshears, Robert E.; Evenson, Eric J.; Luoma, Samuel N.; Phillips, Patrick J.; Prince, Keith R.

1999-01-01

176

The National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program planned monitoring and modeling activities for Texas, 2013–23  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey’s (USGS) National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program was established by Congress in 1992 to answer the following question: What is the status of the Nation’s water quality and is it getting better or worse? Since 1992, NAWQA has been a primary source of nationally consistent data and information on the quality of the Nation’s streams and groundwater. Data and information obtained from objective and nationally consistent water-quality monitoring and modeling activities provide answers to where, when, and why the Nation’s water quality is degraded and what can be done to improve and protect it for human and ecosystem needs. For NAWQA’s third decade (2013–23), a new strategic Science Plan has been developed that describes a strategy for building upon and enhancing the USGS’s ongoing assessment of the Nation’s freshwater quality and aquatic ecosystems.

Ging, Patricia

2013-01-01

177

Starlite Workplace Literacy Program. Final Closeout Performance Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Star Team Acquiring Rewards in Literacy and Insights Through Education (STARLITE) program was implemented to improve the job proficiency of employees at the Pacific Star Hotel, Guam. Its goal was to provide employees with both workplace literacy skills and employability skills. An audit was completed in each department of the hotel. Modules…

Reyes, Lolita C.

178

Project EXCEL: Hotel Workers Literacy Enhancement Program. Final Performance Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project EXCEL is a federally-funded workplace literacy program involving hotel enterprises in the San Francisco (California) Bay area. Its focus is on identification and instruction of literacy skills essential to job success for limited-English-proficient (LEP) workers. Training is intended to enable employees to understand written work orders,…

Career Resources Development Center, Inc., San Francisco, CA.

179

The Converging Literacies Center: An Integrated Model for Writing Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Converging Literacies Center (CLiC) is a deeply integrated model for writing programs, bringing together the writing center, first-year writing, basic writing, professional development activities, graduate coursework, and research activities to re-imagine and support twenty-first-century literacies. What is unique about CLiC is not merely the…

Carter, Shannon; Dunbar-Odom, Donna

2009-01-01

180

Federal Financial and Economic Literacy Education Programs, 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Financial literacy--the ability to use knowledge and skills to manage financial resources effectively for a lifetime of financial well-being--is becoming more and more important as individuals and families become increasingly responsible for their own long-term financial well-being. Financial and economic literacy education programs have been…

Hung, Angela A.; Mihaly, Kata; Yoong, Joanne K.

2010-01-01

181

Transitions: A Mental Health Literacy Program for Postsecondary Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Enhancement of mental health literacy is a mental health promotion strategy that may be effective at destigmatizing mental illness and increasing self-seeking behavior. Transitions is a mental health literacy program intended to heighten students' awareness and discussion of mental health problems and promote help-seeking behaviors. Transitions…

Potvin-Boucher, Jacqueline; Szumilas, Magdalena; Sheikh, Tabinda; Kutcher, Stan

2010-01-01

182

The Major National Adult Literacy Volunteer Organizations. A Descriptive Review. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study confirmed that Laubach Literacy Action (LLA) and Literacy Volunteers of America (LVA) remain the primary national providers of volunteer-based literacy instruction. Both organizations provide basic literacy instruction and beginning instruction in English as a Second Language on a one-to-one or small-group basis by tutors. Each…

Tenenbaum, Ellen; Strang, William

183

Alternative Perspectives in Assessing Children's Language and Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggesting many ways (not just one way) to understand what children are doing with language and literacy, this book presents essays that address the need for alternative perspectives as well as anthropological, socio-psycholinguistic, and reader response perspectives in assessing children's language and literacy. After "Introducation: What Is an…

Holland, Kathleen, Ed.; And Others

184

Reference questions as an authentic assessment of information literacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present a study which was designed to use questions asked at an Information Commons Desk as an authentic assessment to determine if an information literacy course actually changes research behavior outside of information literacy course assignments. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – For four years, the initial reference question asked at the Information Commons Desk

Rosanne M. Cordell; Linda F. Fisher

2010-01-01

185

Acceptability of the Talking Touchscreen for Health Literacy Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Self-administration of a multimedia health literacy measure in clinic settings is a novel concept. Demonstrated ease of use and acceptability will help predicate the future value of this strategy. We previously demonstrated the acceptability of a “Talking Touchscreen” for health status assessment. For this study, we adapted the touchscreen for self-administration of a new health literacy measure. Primary care patients

Kathleen J. Yost; Kimberly Webster; David W. Baker; Elizabeth A. Jacobs; Andy Anderson; Elizabeth A. Hahn

2010-01-01

186

Literacies Crossing Borders: Transfronterizo Literacy Practices of Students in a Dual Language Program on the USA-Mexico Border  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on transnational literacies has generally focused on youth who live in one country and communicate using digital literacies across national boundaries. Our work contributes to this literature by providing a view of transnational literacies that are unique to the USA-Mexico border region. The students in this ethnographic study navigate…

de la Piedra, Maria Teresa; Araujo, Blanca E.

2012-01-01

187

Welcome to the USGS NAWQA Program Quarterly Highlights, January 2011 Highlights are from the USGS National Water-Quality Assessment Program (NAWQA), which has  

E-print Network

Welcome to the USGS NAWQA Program Quarterly Highlights, January 2011 Highlights are from the USGS National Water-Quality Assessment Program (NAWQA), which has assessed the physical, chemical and biological life, and their concentrations have been increasing in urban lakes in recent decades. NOTE: The NAWQA

188

Occupational stress and coping mechanisms as perceived by the directors of adult literacy educational programs in Texas  

E-print Network

The purpose of this study was to identify and assess the stressors and coping mechanisms related to job performance as perceived by directors of adult literacy education programs in Texas. This research also attempted to determine whether there were...

Austin, Melinda Weatherford

2005-08-29

189

Myth and Misguided Faith? Women's Experiences in a Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inductive analysis of the stories of five Mexican-American women in a literacy program resulted in a framework of myths or misperceptions that proceeds through stages of consciousness from magical to naive to critical. (Contains 41 references.) (SK)

Rumann, Susan Marie; Chavez, Rudolfo Chavez

2001-01-01

190

An Analysis of the National TYCA Research Initiative Survey, Section II: Assessment Practices in Two-Year College English Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2005, supported by a CCCC's Research Initiative Grant and TYCA volunteers, the TYCA Research Initiative Committee distributed the first national survey of two-year college writing programs. This online survey explored two-year college programs and satisfaction within four areas identified in the CCCC grant proposal: (1) Assessment; (2)…

Sullivan, Patrick

2008-01-01

191

Efficiently Assessing Patient Health Literacy: The BHLS Instrument.  

PubMed

Although health literacy limitations are common among patient populations, no efficient yet comprehensive health literacy assessment tool is available to nurses for use in busy health care settings. This study presents beginning evidence for the validity and reliability of a new health literacy assessment tool, the Brief Health Literacy Screen (BHLS). One hundred patients attending four primary care clinics completed the BHLS and the Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (TOFHLA) short form and answered questions about the health literacy tools. Findings indicated significant correlations between BHLS and shortened version of the TOFHLA (S-TOFHLA) scores, with higher correlations between BHLS items addressing written health literacy and the S-TOFHLA. Comparative discrimination findings were significant at BHLS cut point of 18 and S-TOFHLA cut point less than 23. Patients rated the BHLS significantly less difficult to complete than the S-TOFHLA. Results of preliminary testing indicate the BHLS is a potentially efficient, effective, and patient-friendly screening tool for health literacy. PMID:23729022

Sand-Jecklin, Kari; Coyle, Sue

2014-12-01

192

Preliminary assessment report for Redmond Army National Guard Facility, Installation 53120, Redmond, Washington. Installation Restoration Program  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of the preliminary assessment (PA) conducted by Argonne National Laboratory at the Washington Army National Guard (WAARNG) property in Redmond, Washington. Preliminary assessments of federal facilities are being conducted to compile the information necessary for completing preremedial activities and to provide a basis for establishing corrective actions in response to releases of hazardous substances. The principal objective of the PA is to characterize the site accurately and determine the need for further action by examining site activities, quantities of hazardous substances present, and potential pathways by which contamination could affect public health and the environment. This PA satisfies, for the Redmond ARNG property, Phase I of the Department of Defense Installation Restoration Program. The environmentally significant operations (ESOs) associated with the property are (1) supply/storage of hazardous materials, (2) weapons cleaning, (3) the underground storage tanks (USTs), and (4) the use of herbicides. These ESOs are no longer active because of the closure of OMS 10 activities in 1988.

Ketels, P.; Aggarwal, P.

1993-08-01

193

Year 6 Planning Exemplification 3. National Literacy Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Third in a series of booklets designed to assist Year 6 teachers with planning instruction to meet objectives of the National Literacy Strategy, this booklet contains Summer Term planning exemplification for three "revision" units (Narrative, Poetry and Non-fiction) prior to the Key Stage 2 tests and one unit after the tests (Extended narrative…

Department for Education and Skills, London (England).

194

Health literacy and the Millennium Development Goals: United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) regional meeting background paper (abstracted).  

PubMed

This paper uses a health literacy "lens" to look at key global health challenges, including the achievement of health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the reduction of disease burden due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Available global evidence is summarized related to: assessment of the impact of health literacy on health and development; identification of measures for reporting progress; exploring ways to strengthen multisectoral collaboration at the national, regional, and international levels to undertake joint actions for increasing health literacy; finding ways to promote better access and use of information through information and communication technology and empowerment; and building capacity for sustained action to increase health literacy. Key action messages are identified. Findings presented informed the 2009 ECOSOC Ministerial Declaration on Health Literacy. PMID:20845205

2010-01-01

195

Arguing the case for a simple view of literacy assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a concise model of literacy assessment based on the “simple view of reading” and the “simple view of writing”. The approach targets directly the key skills and knowledge involved in reading, writing and spelling. It stands in contrast to the less precise and potentially more subjective ‘always-in-context’ and ‘always-authentic’ approach to assessment favoured by the New Literacy

Peter Westwood

2009-01-01

196

A Literary Study of the Extent of Literacy Programs in the Workplace.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To investigate the extent of literacy programs in the workplace, an indepth look was taken at the different types of literacy programs in the workplace to determine what can help the state of literacy in the United States. The literacy efforts in the workplace among federal, state, and local government, schools, unions, businesses, corporations,…

Hicks, Angela A.

197

Physical literacy: importance, assessment and future directions.  

PubMed

Physical literacy (PL) has become a major focus of physical education, physical activity and sports promotion worldwide. PL is a multifaceted conceptualisation of the skills required to fully realise potentials through embodied experience. Substantial financial investments in PL education by governments are underpinned by a wide range of anticipated benefits, including expectations of significant future savings to healthcare, improved physical and psychological well-being of the population, increased work-force productivity and raised levels of expertise in sport and exercise participation. However, disappointingly, scientific evidence showing the efficacy of PL interventions to successfully meet such high expectation is limited. We suggest that contradictions in research findings are due largely to limitations in movement assessment batteries and consequent discrepancies between measurements used to assess the immediate outcomes of PL programmes. Notably, there is no robust empirical tool for evidencing skill learning in the physical movement component of PL, education and this presents a serious limitation to the design of, and claims that can be made for, such interventions. Considering the parameters of proficient PL skills and the limitations of current evaluation instruments, possible future directions for developing empirical measures of PL movement skills are presented. PMID:24898813

Giblin, Susan; Collins, Dave; Button, Chris

2014-09-01

198

Teachers' Classroom Assessment Practices and Fourth-Graders' Reading Literacy Achievements: An International Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, through multilevel analyses of the data of four English-speaking nations (i.e., Canada, England, New Zealand and the United States) from the Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) 2001 database, investigated the relationship between teachers' uses of various types of classroom assessments and their fourth-graders'…

Hao, Shiqi; Johnson, Robert L.

2013-01-01

199

Assessment of the National Science Foundation's 1988-1990 Undergraduate Faculty Enhancement Program. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Science Foundation's Undergraduate Faculty Enhancement Program (UFEP) awards grants on a competitive basis to project directors at colleges and universities, professional societies, industry, and other qualified organizations to conduct regional or national seminars, short courses, workshops, conferences, or similar activities for…

Westat, Inc., Rockville, MD.

200

Introduction to the U.S. Geological Survey National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) of ground-water quality trends and comparison to other national programs.  

PubMed

Assessment of temporal trends in national ground-water quality networks are rarely published in scientific journals. This is partly due to the fact that long-term data from these types of networks are uncommon and because many national monitoring networks are not driven by hypotheses that can be easily incorporated into scientific research. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Water-Quality Assessment Program (NAWQA) since 1991 has to date (2006) concentrated on occurrence of contaminants because sufficient data for trend analysis is only just becoming available. This paper introduces the first set of trend assessments from NAWQA and provides an assessment of the success of the program. On a national scale, nitrate concentrations in ground water have generally increased from 1988 to 2004, but trends in pesticide concentrations are less apparent. Regionally, the studies showed high nitrate concentrations and frequent pesticide detections are linked to agricultural use of fertilizers and pesticides. Most of these areas showed increases in nitrate concentration within the last decade, and these increases are associated with oxic-geochemical conditions and well-drained soils. The current NAWQA plan for collecting data to define trends needs to be constantly reevaluated to determine if the approach fulfills the expected outcome. To assist this evaluation, a comparison of NAWQA to other national ground-water quality programs was undertaken. The design and spatial extent of each national program depend on many factors, including current and long-term budgets, purpose of the program, size of the country, and diversity of aquifer types. Comparison of NAWQA to nine other national programs shows a great diversity in program designs, but indicates that different approaches can achieve similar and equally important goals. PMID:18765765

Rosen, Michael R; Lapham, Wayne W

2008-01-01

201

CONCEPTUAL DESIGN OF THE SURFACE WATER COMPONENT OF THE NATIONAL WATER QUALITY ASSESSMENT (NAWQA) PROGRAM.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The US Geological Survey started, in a pilot phase, a program to provide nationally consistent information on the status and trends in the quality of the nation's fresh water. The program also intends to identify and describe the relationships between both the status and trends in water quality as they relate to natural factors, and the history of land-use, and land- and waste-management practices. The program is organized into hydrologically based study units and, for the study of surface water, involves a combination of fixed-station, synoptic and intensive study approaches. Network design considerations are discussed.

Hirsch, Robert M.

1986-01-01

202

Toward an objective assessment of technical skills: a national survey of surgical program directors in Saudi Arabia  

PubMed Central

Background After almost a decade of implementing competency-based programs in postgraduate training programs, the assessment of technical skills remains more subjective than objective. National data on the assessment of technical skills during surgical training are lacking. We conducted this study to document the assessment tools for technical skills currently used in different surgical specialties, their relationship with remediation, the recommended tools from the program directors’ perspective, and program directors’ attitudes toward the available objective tools to assess technical skills. Methods This study was a cross-sectional survey of surgical program directors (PDs). The survey was initially developed using a focus group and was then sent to 116 PDs. The survey contains demographic information about the program, the objective assessment tools used, and the reason for not using assessment tools. The last section discusses the recommended tools to be used from the PDs’ perspective and the PDs’ attitude and motivation to apply these tools in each program. The associations between the responses to the assessment questions and remediation were statistically evaluated. Results Seventy-one (61%) participants responded. Of the respondents, 59% mentioned using only nonstandardized, subjective, direct observation for technical skills assessment. Sixty percent use only summative evaluation, whereas 15% perform only formative evaluations of their residents, and the remaining 22% conduct both summative and formative evaluations of their residents’ technical skills. Operative portfolios are kept by 53% of programs. The percentage of programs with mechanisms for remediation is 29% (19 of 65). Conclusion The survey showed that surgical training programs use different tools to assess surgical skills competency. Having a clear remediation mechanism was highly associated with reporting remediation, which reflects the capability to detect struggling residents. Surgical training leadership should invest more in standardizing the assessment of surgical skills. PMID:23762007

Alkhayal, Abdullah; Aldhukair, Shahla; Alselaim, Nahar; Aldekhayel, Salah; Alhabdan, Sultan; Altaweel, Waleed; Magzoub, Mohi Elden; Zamakhshary, Mohammed

2012-01-01

203

The Accelerating Literacy Program: 1994-95 Final Report. Publication Number 94.13.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Austin Independent School District (Texas) developed the Accelerating Literacy Program (ALP) in 1993 to provide additional support for students who were having trouble passing the Texas Assessment of Academic Skills (TAAS) in the elementary grades. The ALP operates on the principle of integrating reading, writing, listening, and speaking…

Robertson, Trina R.; Wilkinson, L. David

204

Assessing Language, Literacy, and Mathematics Skills with "Work Sampling for Head Start"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: We examined the reliability and validity of the language, literacy, and mathematics domains of "Work Sampling for Head Start" (WSHS), an observational assessment designed for 3- and 4-year-olds. Participants included 112 children who were enrolled over a two-year period in Head Start and a number of other programs sponsored by…

Meisels, Samuel J.; Xue, Yange; Shamblott, Melissa

2008-01-01

205

Health Literacy Skills in Rural and Urban Populations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To determine whether health literacy is lower in rural populations. Method: We analyzed health, prose, document, and quantitative literacy from the National Assessment of Adult Literacy study. Metropolitan Statistical Area designated participants as rural or urban. Results: Rural populations had lower literacy levels for all literacy

Zahnd, Whitney E.; Scaife, Steven L.; Francis, Mark L.

2009-01-01

206

Environmental Literacy and NGOs: Experience from the Microcredit Based Social Forestry Program of Proshika in Bangladesh  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assesses the impact of participation in the social forestry program of Proshika on the environmental literacy of participating households in Bangladesh. Proshika--a non-governmental organization--has initiated a social forestry program with the twin objectives of improving environmental quality while alleviating poverty. Proshika uses microcredit to motivate poor households to participate in its social forestry program. Moreover, participating households receive

207

Supplemental investigations in support of environmental assessments by the Idaho INEL Oversight Program at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

This document reports on the status of supplemental investigations in support of environmental assessments by the Idaho INEL Oversight Program at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. Included is information on hydrology studies in wells open through large intervals, unsaturated zone contamination and transport processes, surface water-groundwater interactions, regional groundwater flow, and independent testing of air quality data.

Not Available

1992-01-01

208

Transforming Early Literacy Instruction: An Effectiveness Study of the Local Literacy Provider Training Program in Macedonia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the effectiveness of the Local Literacy Provider Training (LLPT) program in the Republic of Macedonia through customized application of Desimone's (2009) Core Conceptual Framework for Effectiveness Studies of Professional Development. Findings confirm the alignment of the LLPT design to research-based elements of effective…

Westrick, Jan

2012-01-01

209

Conceptual design of the surface water component of the national water quality assessment (NAWQA) program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. Geological Survey started, in a pilot phase, a program to provide nationally consistant information on the status and trends in the quality of the Nation's fresh water and to identify and describe the relationships between both the status and trends in water quality as they relate to natural factors and the history of land-use and land- and waste-management

Robert M. Hirsch

1986-01-01

210

Accelerating Literacy Program: The First Year 1993-94.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1993-94 school year was the first year of the Accelerating Literacy Program (ALP) of the Austin (Texas) Independent School District. The ALP used a grant from the Texas Education Agency to train elementary educators in the methods of a short-term reading intervention program based on the Reading Recovery/Whole Language theory. A group of 367…

Smith, Ralph J.

211

Empowering Leaders in a Master's in Literacy Program: Teacher Candidates' Self-Efficacy and Self-Perception as Literacy Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine how the experiences in a master's in literacy program are preparing teacher candidates to be school leaders and to examine candidates' self-perception as literacy leaders before, during, and after the program. Data sources include surveys, field notes, course syllabi, assignments, and rubrics.…

Mongillo, Geraldine; Lawrence, Salika A.; Hong, Carrie E.

2012-01-01

212

The Integration of Literacy and Geography: The Arizona GeoLiteracy Program's Effect on Reading Comprehension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To provide the first interstate quasi-experimental assessment on the power of content integration in building reading skills, the authors studied the effects on reading comprehension of GeoLiteracy--a K-8 package of 85 lessons that teaches geography in the context of practicing reading and writing skills. Ninety-six third through eighth grade…

Hinde, Elizabeth R.; Osborn Popp, Sharon E.; Dorn, Ronald I.; Ekiss, Gale Olp; Mater, Martha; Smith, Carl B.; Libbee, Michael

2007-01-01

213

Assessing the impact participation in science journalism activities has on scientific literacy among high school students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of the National Science Foundation Science Literacy through Science Journalism (SciJourn) research and development initiative (http://www.scijourn.org ; Polman, Saul, Newman, and Farrar, 2008) a quasi-experimental design was used to investigate what impact incorporating science journalism activities had on students' scientific literacy. Over the course of a school year students participated in a variety of activities culminating in the production of science news articles for Scijourner, a regional print and online high school science news magazine. Participating teachers and SciJourn team members collaboratively developed activities focused on five aspects of scientific literacy: placing information into context, recognizing relevance, evaluating factual accuracy, use of multiple credible sources and information seeking processes. This study details the development process for the Scientific Literacy Assessment (SLA) including validity and reliability studies, evaluates student scientific literacy using the SLA, examines student SLA responses to provide a description of high school students' scientific literacy, and outlines implications of the findings in relation to the National Research Council's A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas (2012) and classroom science teaching practices. Scientifically literate adults acting as experts in the assessment development phase informed the creation of a scoring guide that was used to analyze student responses. Experts tended to draw on both their understanding of science concepts and life experiences to formulate answers; paying close attention to scientific factual inaccuracies, sources of information, how new information fit into their view of science and society as well as targeted strategies for information seeking. Novices (i.e., students), in contrast, tended to ignore factual inaccuracies, showed little understanding about source credibility and suggested unproductive information seeking strategies. However, similar to the experts, novices made references to both scientific and societal contexts. The expert/novice comparison provides a rough description of a developmental continuum of scientific literacy. The findings of this study including student results and Generalized Linear Mixed Modeling suggest that the incorporation of science journalism activities focused on STEM issues can improve student scientific literacy. Incorporation of a wide variety of strategies raised scores on the SLA. Teachers who included a writing and revision process that prioritized content had significantly larger gains in student scores. Future studies could broaden the description of high school student scientific literacy and measured by the SLA and provide alternative pathways for developing scientific literacy as envisioned by SciJourn and the NRC Frameworks.

Farrar, Cathy

214

Ontology development for provenance tracing in National Climate Assessment of the US Global Change Research Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The periodical National Climate Assessment (NCA) of the US Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) [1] produces reports about findings of global climate change and the impacts of climate change on the United States. Those findings are of great public and academic concerns and are used in policy and management decisions, which make the provenance information of findings in those reports especially important. The USGCRP is developing a Global Change Information System (GCIS), in which the NCA reports and associated provenance information are the primary records. We were modeling and developing Semantic Web applications for the GCIS. By applying a use case-driven iterative methodology [2], we developed an ontology [3] to represent the content structure of a report and the associated provenance information. We also mapped the classes and properties in our ontology into the W3C PROV-O ontology [4] to realize the formal presentation of provenance. We successfully implemented the ontology in several pilot systems for a recent National Climate Assessment report (i.e., the NCA3). They provide users the functionalities to browse and search provenance information with topics of interest. Provenance information of the NCA3 has been made structured and interoperable by applying the developed ontology. Besides the pilot systems we developed, other tools and services are also able to interact with the data in the context of the 'Web of data' and thus create added values. Our research shows that the use case-driven iterative method bridges the gap between Semantic Web researchers and earth and environmental scientists and is able to be deployed rapidly for developing Semantic Web applications. Our work also provides first-hand experience for re-using the W3C PROV-O ontology in the field of earth and environmental sciences, as the PROV-O ontology is recently ratified (on 04/30/2013) by the W3C as a recommendation and relevant applications are still rare. [1] http://www.globalchange.gov [2] Fox, P., McGuinness, D.L., 2008. TWC Semantic Web Methodology. Accessible at: http://tw.rpi.edu/web/doc/TWC_SemanticWebMethodology [3] https://scm.escience.rpi.edu/svn/public/projects/gcis/trunk/rdf/schema/GCISOntology.ttl [4] http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-o/

Ma, X.; Zheng, J. G.; Goldstein, J.; Duggan, B.; Xu, J.; Du, C.; Akkiraju, A.; Aulenbach, S.; Tilmes, C.; Fox, P. A.

2013-12-01

215

On Defining and Developing Literacy across Communities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper attempts to raise a few issues relating to the task of defining and operationalizing literacy and literacy development across communities with diverse socio-economic profiles. In particular, the following concerns are raised: (1) Can literacy development be assessed using one set of domains, given that the domains of literacy practices vary across cultures? (2) Does the acquisition of literacy skills mean the same thing to people across different communities? (3) Does illiteracy have the same consequences for people in different communities? (4) Is the process of literacy acquisition and development the same across diverse communities? The paper underscores the importance of considering the diverse socio-economic patterns in different communities in trying to determine present levels of literacy development and in proposing programs to increase levels of literacy skill. It also proposes using the level of community (in addition to the macro-level of nation-state and the micro-level of individual) in analyzing matters relating to literacy development.

Bernardo, Allan B. I.

2000-09-01

216

Models of Excellence: A Review of Ohio's Award-Winning Workplace Literacy Programs. 1996 Supplement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document profiles Ohio's seven award-winning workplace literacy programs. The workplace literacy programs described are offered by a mix of urban and rural firms which employ between 85 and 2,323 individuals in a variety of sectors. The workplace literacy programs offered by the following firms are described: Cleveland Track Material; L.J.…

Baechlin, Dan; Proper, Len

217

Calling the nation to act: implementing the national action plan to improve health literacy.  

PubMed

The National Action Plan to Improve Health Literacy is a framework that all clinical and public health professionals, including nurses, can use to identify and address health literacy barriers that negatively affect patient care and individual and community health outcomes. Of all the clinical disciplines, nursing has a unique relationship to health literacy because nurses are responsible for the majority of patient, caregiver and community health education, and communication. The information in the Action Plan is applicable to many fields and disciplines, such as healthcare, public health, communication, and education. Leading educators, researchers, practitioners, and administrators in each relevant discipline have a responsibility to be informed about health literacy issues and identify the most promising practices to improve health literacy in their domains. The Action Plan includes goals and strategies that nursing leaders can adapt and use to develop organization-specific action plans for health literacy improvement. The Action Plan is a call to action for all clinical professionals, especially nurses, to choose, implement, and evaluate one or more health literacy strategies so that patients will be more informed and prepared to protect, promote, and manage their health. PMID:21402201

Baur, Cynthia

2011-01-01

218

Human resource management in the Georgian National Immunization Program: a baseline assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Georgia's health care system underwent dramatic reform after gaining independence in 1991. The decentralization of the health care system was one of the core elements of health care reform but reports suggest that human resource management issues were overlooked. The Georgian national immunization program was affected by these reforms and is not functioning at optimum levels. This paper describes

Laura C Esmail; Jillian Clare Cohen-Kohler; Mamuka Djibuti

2007-01-01

219

Using comics to increase literacy and assess student learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Formative assessment strategies and the integration of literacy pose two of the many hurdles teachers face. With the pressure of standardized test scores hanging over everyone's heads, finding class time to integrate these essential strategies is at a premium. By integrating comics with quick, formative written assessment, you can kill the proverbial two birds with one stone.

Schwaller, Terry

2013-02-01

220

Multimethod Strategy for Assessing Program Fidelity: The National Evaluation of the Revised G.R.E.A.T. Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports the results of the process evaluation component of the Process and Outcome Evaluation of the Gang Resistance Education and Training (G.R.E.A.T.) program. The process evaluation consisted of multiple methods to assess program fidelity: (a) observations of G.R.E.A.T. Officer Trainings (G.O.T); (b) surveys and interviews of…

Esbensen, Finn-Aage; Matsuda, Kristy N.; Taylor, Terrance J.; Peterson, Dana

2011-01-01

221

Appraisal of Adult Literacy Programs in Ethiopia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper critically examines the goals, processes, resources, and effectiveness of Ethiopia's efforts to teach its people to read. Of the estimated 27 million people living in Ethiopia, only ten percent are literate. In recognition of this, and with the hypothesis that literacy skills are prerequisites for building a just and egalitarian…

Wagaw, Teshome G.

222

Federal Literacy Facts: An Update on Literacy Related Developments at the National Level, May 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This May 2006 issue of "Federal Literacy Facts" contains the following sections: (1) Canadian Council on Learning Releases Learning Index; (2) Learning Index Highlights Adult Literacy as Key Challenge; (3) Literacy Doesn't Make the Federal Budget's Priority List; (4) Community Still Waiting for Federal Call for Literacy Proposals; (5) AG Calls for…

Movement for Canadian Literacy, 2006

2006-01-01

223

Measuring science or religion? A measurement analysis of the National Science Foundation sponsored science literacy scale 2006-2010.  

PubMed

High scientific literacy is widely considered a public good. Methods of assessing public scientific knowledge or literacy are equally important. In an effort to measure lay scientific literacy in the United States, the National Science Foundation (NSF) science literacy scale has been a part of the last three waves of the General Social Survey. However, there has been debate over the validity of some survey items as indicators of science knowledge. While many researchers treat the NSF science scale as measuring a single dimension, previous work (Bann and Schwerin, 2004; Miller, 1998, 2004) suggests a bidimensional structure. This paper hypothesizes and tests a new measurement model for the NSF science knowledge scale and finds that two items about evolution and the big bang are more measures of a religious belief dimension termed "Young Earth Worldview" than they are measures of scientific knowledge. Results are replicated in seven samples. PMID:23825273

Roos, J Micah

2014-10-01

224

Impact of Participation in a Community Based, Even Start Literacy Program on School Achievement and Parent Involvement for English Language Learners (ELL)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The family literacy model underlying the national Even Start Family Literacy Program has not fared well in large-scale evaluation studies, with outcomes showing minimal or no positive impact on later school achievement. However, the results of these studies have not been replicated in smaller studies, which hold the possibility of yielding richer and possibly more valid data using appropriate research

Elvira I. Zuazo-Legido

2008-01-01

225

Programming as the Fourth `R of Literacy, Arun Chauhan, I399, 2010-03-29 Making Programming  

E-print Network

Programming as the Fourth `R of Literacy, Arun Chauhan, I399, 2010-03-29 Making Programming the Fourth `R of Literacy Arun Chauhan, Indiana University I399 School of Informatics and Computing Indiana University Mar 29, 2010 #12;Programming as the Fourth `R of Literacy, Arun Chauhan, I399, 2010-03-29 "What

Chauhan, Arun

226

Programming as the Fourth `R of Literacy, Arun Chauhan, IU Honors Seminar 2009-12-07 Making Programming  

E-print Network

Programming as the Fourth `R of Literacy, Arun Chauhan, IU Honors Seminar 2009-12-07 Making Programming the Fourth `R of Literacy Arun Chauhan, Indiana University Undergraduate Honors Seminar School of Informatics and Computing Indiana University Dec 7, 2009 #12;Programming as the Fourth `R of Literacy, Arun

Chauhan, Arun

227

Thresholds: A Program To Increase the Retention of African-American Men in a Literacy Program. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted to increase the retention of African American men in the Greater Pittsburgh Literacy Council's literacy program. The project's primary objectives were as follows: develop a program in self-esteem, goal setting, and decision making and use it as a "draw" to bring new students into the literacy program; build participants'…

Newman, Eugenia; Daniels, Diane

228

The Experimental World Literacy Programme: A Critical Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1964, Unesco, the United Nations Development Programme, and the governments of 11 countries agreed to evolve an effective approach to the problem of world illiteracy, which included the implementation and testing of functional literacy activities. This report of the pilot projects and microexperiments attempts to present the lessons learned by…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

229

NPEC Sourcebook on Assessment: Definitions and Assessment Methods for Communication, Leadership, Information Literacy, Quantitative Reasoning, and Quantitative Skills. NPEC 2005-0832  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Faculty, instructional staff, and assessment professionals are interested in student outcomes assessment processes and tools that can be used to improve learning experiences and academic programs. How can students' skills be assessed effectively? What assessments measure skills in communication? Leadership? Information literacy? Quantitative…

Jones, Elizabeth A.; RiCharde, Stephen

2005-01-01

230

Women and Literacy in Rural Mali: A Study of the Socio-economic Impact of Participating in Literacy Programs in Four Villages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Women's literacy programs in rural Mali were studied through observation and surveys of 42 participants and 29 nonparticipants. Few participants acquired literacy skills, those that did rarely used them, and literacy acquisition had little socioeconomic impact on women's lives. General constraints on literacy usage in rural villages are discussed,…

Puchner, L.

2003-01-01

231

Digital Teachers Reshaping Literacy Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When the National Reading Panel ([NRP] 2000) released its report challenging school districts to re-inspect then realign literacy programs according to "best practices," a digital literacy explosion was occurring--forever reshaping the literacy experiences students were having outside of school. Teachers began infusing curricular standards with…

Ryan, Tammy

2012-01-01

232

Water Quality Assessment Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A national effort to assess water quality begins this year. The National Water Quality Assessment (NAWQA) will be undertaken by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with other federal, state, and local agencies, and the private sector. Its purpose, said Department of Interior secretary Manuel Lujan, is to “provide the fundamental types of information needed to develop the most technically sound and cost-effective solutions to many of the nation's pressing water quality issues.”$18 million has been proposed for NAWQA in FY 1991, an increase of $11 million over FY 1990, when the program was in a test phase. The program will include about 60 study units, based on river basins and aquifer systems, and will cost about $60 million per year. The study units will represent various settings across the nation and account for a large percentage of the nation's water use.

233

National Coal Resource Assessment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Coal Resource Assessment (NCRA) is a project of the US Geological Survey Energy Program. The project's homepage has lots of information and documents about the five main regions that were the focus of the study. Many professional papers, executive summaries, and factsheets are free for download. There are area maps of each region, as well as photographs that show current and historical views of mining practices. The Mining Info/Videos section has a link to an interesting paper -- Surface Mining and Reclamation Operations for Fort Union Coal; it could take a while to download on a slow connection, though.

234

Research on and Guidelines for Effective Use of Assessment Instruments and Strategies for Adult Learners Enrolled in Adult Basic and Literacy Education Programs. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this research project was to create a guide on the effective use of assessment instruments and methodologies, related resources, and guidelines for measuring adult learners' attainment of basic skills and competencies to document educational gains and demonstrate program quality. The project focused on confirming current use of…

Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park. Inst. for the Study of Adult Literacy.

235

Guidelines for Developing an Educational Program for Worker Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guidelines in this paper were developed to assist Massachusetts Private Industry Councils, social agencies, unions, businesses, and education providers in designing educational programs appropriate to the workplace. The focus is on literacy education. The paper is organized in four sections. The first section briefly examines the background of…

Massachusetts State Executive Dept., Boston.

236

Administering Adult Literacy Programs: The Role of Strategic Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an era of rising public criticism of education and decreasing resources, strategic planning can be a major tool for educational administrators who wish to respond to the increasing challenges their adult literacy programs face. Strategic planning can be defined as a disciplined effort to produce fundamental decisions and actions that shape and…

Michael, Steve Olu

237

What Matters Most in Distinguished Literacy Teacher Education Programs?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is a research collaborative conducted with multiple sites to examine the programmatic features within six literacy teacher education programs that have received the Certificate of Distinction of the International Reading Association (IRA). The objectives were to identify the features that were most highly ranked by internal and external…

Lacina, Jan; Block, Cathy Collins

2011-01-01

238

34 CFR 489.1 - What is the Functional Literacy for State and Local Prisoners Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false What is the Functional Literacy for State and Local Prisoners Program...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FUNCTIONAL LITERACY FOR STATE AND LOCAL PRISONERS PROGRAM... § 489.1 What is the Functional Literacy for State and Local Prisoners...

2010-07-01

239

34 CFR 489.1 - What is the Functional Literacy for State and Local Prisoners Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false What is the Functional Literacy for State and Local Prisoners Program...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FUNCTIONAL LITERACY FOR STATE AND LOCAL PRISONERS PROGRAM... § 489.1 What is the Functional Literacy for State and Local Prisoners...

2013-07-01

240

34 CFR 489.1 - What is the Functional Literacy for State and Local Prisoners Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false What is the Functional Literacy for State and Local Prisoners Program...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FUNCTIONAL LITERACY FOR STATE AND LOCAL PRISONERS PROGRAM... § 489.1 What is the Functional Literacy for State and Local Prisoners...

2012-07-01

241

34 CFR 489.1 - What is the Functional Literacy for State and Local Prisoners Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false What is the Functional Literacy for State and Local Prisoners Program...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FUNCTIONAL LITERACY FOR STATE AND LOCAL PRISONERS PROGRAM... § 489.1 What is the Functional Literacy for State and Local Prisoners...

2011-07-01

242

Stress on the Job: How Family Literacy Program Directors Perceive Occupational Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little research has examined stress among family literacy administrators, although studies in other contexts reveal occupational stress can lead to illness, distress, and organizational problems. This article presents findings from a recent study of stress among family literacy program directors in Texas. Findings reveal family literacy program

Sandlin, Jennifer A.; Chen, Chia-Yin

2007-01-01

243

Adult Basic Education and Health Literacy: Program Efforts and Perceived Student Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This project examined health literacy efforts among adult basic education providers in Central Texas. Methods: A survey was conducted with all adult literacy providers in Central Texas (N = 58). Results: Most programs provide health-related information. Literacy programs see needs for helping students communicate with doctors, filling…

Mackert, Michael; Poag, Meg

2011-01-01

244

Community Literacy at Work with STRIDE (Success Through Reading Improvement and DEvelopment): Overview of a Successful Community Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

STRIDE (Success Through Reading Improvement and DEvelopment) is a literacy program developed in 1986 by Crowder College, located in the rural Ozarks of southwestern Missouri. Serving all age groups with trained literacy tutors ranging in age from 11 to over 60, STRIDE has been built on five main activities: (1) develop a philosophy that is…

Macy, Rita

245

Economics Framework for the 2006 National Assessment of Educational Progress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides a guide for the development of the 2006 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Economics Assessment. The framework is designed to assess the outcomes of student education in and understanding of economics in grade 12 as part of NAEP. Economic literacy is defined as the ability to identify, analyze, and evaluate…

Buckles, Stephen; Melican, Claire

2006-01-01

246

Is Ignorance Bliss? Assessing Singaporean Media Literacy Awareness in the Era of Globalization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Singaporean college students (N = 262) were surveyed about their awareness of visual media literacy. One hypothesis and two research questions are posed comparing awareness of media literacy components for two educational conditions—students enrolled in mass media production programs vs. those enrolled in other programs. Potential effects of cultivation and censorship on media literacy awareness also are explored. Findings include

Anna Phang; David J. Schaefer

2009-01-01

247

National Sample Assessment Protocols  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These protocols represent a working guide for planning and implementing national sample assessments in connection with the national Key Performance Measures (KPMs). The protocols are intended for agencies involved in planning or conducting national sample assessments and personnel responsible for administering associated tenders or contracts,…

Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (NJ1), 2012

2012-01-01

248

North American adult literacy programs and Latin American immigrants: how critical pedagogy can help nonprofit literacy programming in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

As nonprofit adult literacy programs are often the only options for low-income Latin American immigrants in North America, problems accompanying these programs affect the ability of immigrants to benefit from them. North American nonprofit adult literacy programs often struggle due to the difficulties inherent in using volunteer instructors (often from different cultural backgrounds than participants) who use curricula that often

Rolf Straubhaar

2012-01-01

249

Arguing the Case for a Simple View of Literacy Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a concise model of literacy assessment based on the "simple view of reading" and the "simple view of writing". The approach targets directly the key skills and knowledge involved in reading, writing and spelling. It stands in contrast to the less precise and potentially more subjective "always-in-context" and "always-authentic"…

Westwood, Peter

2009-01-01

250

Biochemical Visual Literacy with Constructive Alignment: Outcomes, Assessment, and Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several contributions in "Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education" have highlighted the role of visualization tools and the importance of developing students' visual literacy in biochemistry education. In this forum, the authors suggest that more focus is needed on the assessment of student learning, and they advance…

Herraez, Angel; Costa, Manuel Joao

2013-01-01

251

Alternative Assessment: Primary Grade Literacy Teachers' Knowledge and Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated primary grade literacy teachers' knowledge of and practices in alternative assessment by examining the relationship between each and by identifying factors which influence each. Data collection consisted of a survey of 73 elementary schools within one Intermediate Unit in Pennsylvania. Both quantitative and qualitative…

Culbertson, Linda Doutt; Yan, Wenfan

252

Alternative Assessment: Primary Grade Literacy Teachers' Attitudes and Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated primary grade literacy teachers' attitudes toward and practices in alternative assessment by examining the relationship between each and by identifying factors which influence each. Data collection consisted of a survey of 73 elementary schools within one Intermediate Unit in Pennsylvania. Both quantitative and qualitative…

Culbertson, Linda Doutt; Wenfan, Yan

253

Assessing and Addressing Literacy Needs: Cases and Instructional Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to help preservice and inservice teachers use assessments to identify problems and employ appropriate strategies to help their students become better readers, this text includes 12 case studies that detail children's literacy struggles. The cases are embedded within a framework of research-based instructional interventions related to best…

Combs, Barbara

2011-01-01

254

Developing the Assessment Literacy of University Proficiency Test Users  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rapidly increasing use of English language proficiency test scores by universities around the world to select international students has resulted in a range of admissions, marketing, academic and teaching support staff interacting with the tests in different ways. To date, there has been little research investigating the assessment literacy

O'Loughlin, Kieran

2013-01-01

255

Next STEPS in Literacy Instruction: Connecting Assessments to Effective Interventions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reader-friendly teaching guide makes the next steps of literacy instruction clear and easy for K-6 educators. Developed by highly respected experts Smartt and Glaser, this book gives readers a specific breakdown of the indicators on today's most popular reading assessments and matches those items with interventions that make a real…

Smartt, Susan M.; Glaser, Deborah R.

2010-01-01

256

Defining Workplace Literacy Education in Massachusetts. A Survey of Workplace Literacy Education Programs in Massachusetts, Conducted in September and October 1989.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 42 Massachusetts workplace literacy programs was conducted in fall 1989 to determine whether the programs generally fit a standard definition of workplace literacy derived from "A Guide to Developing Instruction for Workforce Literacy Programs" by Jorie W. Philippi. The study's seven-item questionnaire included the definition to which…

Rosen, David J.; Kale, Cerci

257

Review of Adult Learning and Literacy, Volume 4. Connecting Research, Policy, and Practice: A Project of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"The Review of Adult Learning and Literacy: Connecting Research Policy, and Practice, Volume 4" is an addition to a series of annual publications of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy (NCSALL) that address major issues, the latest research, and the best practices in the field of adult literacy and learning. "Volume 4"…

Comings, John, Ed.; Garner, Barbara, Ed.; Smith, Cristine, Ed.

2004-01-01

258

Response to a Review and Update on "Developing Literacy in Second-language Learners: Report of the National Literacy Panel on Language Minority Children and Youth"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to respond to a review of the report "Developing Literacy in Second-language Learners: Report of the National Literacy Panel on Language Minority Children and Youth," written by our respected colleague Kathy Escamilla, which appeared in a recent edition of the "Journal of Literacy Research." This will also give us…

August, Diane; Shanahan, Timothy

2010-01-01

259

Review of Adult Learning and Literacy, Volume 5. Connecting Research, Policy, and Practice: A Project of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"The Review of Adult Learning and Literacy: Connecting Research, Policy, and Practice, Volume 5" is a volume in a series of annual publications of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy (NCSALL) that address major issues, the latest research, and the best practices in the field of adult literacy and learning. Each…

Comings, John, Ed.; Garner, Barbara, Ed.; Smith, Cristine, Ed.

2005-01-01

260

LTRC 502: LITERACY ASSESSMENT AND TEACHING Spring 2014, January 27th  

E-print Network

LTRC 502: LITERACY ASSESSMENT AND TEACHING Spring 2014, January 27th ­ April 12th Description: This course develops competence in administering, analyzing, and critiquing both formal and informal literacy 502, Literacy Assessment and Teaching, you will be required to work with an elementary school student

Suzuki, Masatsugu

261

The Literacy Practices for Assessment in the Vocational Curriculum--The Case of Hospitality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores two case studies of the literacy practices of assessment in the vocational curriculum. Previous studies have identified learning in the vocational curriculum as being assessment-driven and that subjects often associated with limited levels of literacy actually require multiple literacy practices from students. Drawing upon…

Edwards, Richard; Minty, Sarah; Miller, Kate

2013-01-01

262

NATIONAL COASTAL ASSESSMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of the National Coastal Assessment (NCA) is to estimate the status and trends of the condition of the nation's coastal resources on a state, regional and national basis. Based on NCA monitoring from 1999-2001, 100% of the nation's estuarine waters (at over 2500 locati...

263

United Nations Literacy Decade in Asia and the Pacific: Progress to Date  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In December 2001, The United Nations General Assembly unanimously adopted a resolution to establish the United Nations Literacy Decade (UNLD), 2003-2012. The UNLD stresses "Literacy for All: A voice for all, learning for all." The publication records UNLD activities in the Asia and Pacific region during 2003 to 2004 and introduces organizations…

Online Submission, 2005

2005-01-01

264

Second annual report of the Environmental Restoration Monitoring and Assessment Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the salient features of the annual efforts of environmental monitoring and field investigations conducted to support the Environmental Restoration (ER) Program at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). This report focuses on the watershed scale, striving to provide an ORNL site-wide perspective on types, distribution, and transport of contamination. Results are used to enhance the conceptual understanding of the key contaminants and the sources, fluxes, and processes affecting their distribution and movement. This report summarizes the efforts of the Waste Area Grouping (WAG) 2 and Site Investigations (SI) program. WAG 2 is the lower portion of the White Oak Creek (WOC) system which drains the major contaminated sites at ORNL and discharges to the Clinch River where public access is allowed. The remedial investigation for WAG 2 includes a long-term multimedia environmental monitoring effort that takes advantage of WAG 2`s role as an integrator and conduit of contaminants from the ORNL site. This report also includes information from other site-specific remedial investigations and feasibility studies (RI/FS) for contaminated sites at ORNL and data from other ongoing monitoring programs conducted by other organizations [e.g., the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) compliance monitoring conducted by the Environmental Surveillance and Protection Section]. This information is included to provide an integrated basis to support ER decision making. This report summarizes information gathered through early 1993. Annual data, such as annual discharges of contaminants, are reported for calendar year 1992.

Clapp, R.B.; Watts, J.A. [eds.

1993-09-01

265

Federal Literacy Facts: An Update on Literacy-Related Developments at the National Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this May 2004 issue of "Federal Literacy Facts", the following sections are included: (1) "Election offers opportunities to advance literacy agenda"; (2) "MCL launches on-line resources for Election 2004"; and (3) "Federal Quick Facts".

Movement for Canadian Literacy, 2004

2004-01-01

266

National School Lunch Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National School Lunch Program is a federally assisted meal program operating in over 101,000 public and non-profit private schools and residential child care institutions. It provides nutritionally balanced, low-cost or free lunches to more than 30.5 million children each school day in 2008. In 1998, Congress expanded the National School Lunch…

US Department of Agriculture, 2009

2009-01-01

267

The Elusive Goal of World Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue is devoted to discussions of world literacy and national programs which comparative studies indicate may be used as models for future UNESCO international campaigns. Individual articles explore economic incentives for literacy motivation, radio learning projects, media programs in Jamaica, literacy improvement in Somalia, and a…

Bhola, H. S.; And Others

1980-01-01

268

A quality-assurance assessment for constituents reported by the national atmospheric deposition program and the national trends network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A continuing quality-assurance program has been operated by the U.S. Geological Survey to evaluate any bias introduced by routine handling, shipping, and laboratory analyses of wet-deposition samples collected in the National Atmospheric Deposition Program (NADP) and National Trends Network (NTN). Blind-audit samples having a variety of constituent concentrations and values were selected. Only blind-audit samples with constituent concentrations and values less than the 95th-percentile concentration for natural wet-deposition samples were included in the analysis. Of the major ions, there was a significant increase of Ca 2+, Mg 2+, Na 2+, K +, SO 42- and Cl -1 in samples handled according to standard protocols and shipped in NADP/NTN sample-collection buckets. For 1979-1987, graphs of smoothed data showing the estimated contamination in blind-audit samples indicate a decrease in the median concentration and ranges of Ca 2+, Mg 2+ and SO 42- contamination of blind-audit samples shipped in sample-collection buckets. Part of the contamination detected in blind-audit samples can be attributed to contact with the sample-collection bucket and lid; however, additional sources also seem to contaminate the blind-audit sample. Apparent decreases in the magnitude and range of sample contamination may be caused by differences in sample-collection bucket- and lid-washing procedures by the NADP/NTN Central Analytical Laboratory. Although the degree of bias is minimal for most constituents, summaries of the NADP/NTN data base may contain overestimates of Ca 2+, Mg 2+, Na -, K + and SO 42- and Cl - concentrations, and underestimates of H + concentrations.

See, Randolph B.; Schroder, LeRoy J.; Willoughby, Timothy C.

269

Assessment of a postdeployment yellow ribbon reintegration program for national guard members and supporters.  

PubMed

The Yellow Ribbon Reintegration Program (YRRP) was created to meet the needs of National Guard members and their families throughout the deployment cycle. This study examined the perceived utility of the YRRP's delivery of information and assistance during the postdeployment reintegration period by National Guard members and accompanying supporters who were mostly spouses. Over 22 months, from 10 YRRP events, 683 service members and 411 supporters completed questionnaires immediately after the YRRP. We analyzed questions on information and avenues for help, timeliness and concerns related to education, employment, legal, family, and health. Service members and supporters most often endorsed information delivery on education being met (76.8% and 78.2%, respectively) and were least likely to endorse legal information delivery (63.5% and 60%, respectively). Significantly more supporters than service members (p < 0.0001) reported that the YRRP was the first time they learned of available services across all domains. Service members were significantly more likely than supporters to report concerns about education, employment, and health, while supporters were significantly more likely to report concerns about family. Results suggest the YRRP fills gaps in supporter knowledge and provides needed information and resources to most National Guard families 2 to 4 months after a deployment. PMID:25373071

Scherrer, Jeffrey F; Widner, Greg; Shroff, Manan; Matthieu, Monica; Balan, Sundari; van den Berk-Clark, Carissa; Price, Rumi K

2014-11-01

270

Preliminary assessment report for Fort William Henry Harrison, Montana Army National Guard, Helena, Montana. Installation Restoration Program  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of the preliminary assessment (PA) conducted by Argonne National Laboratory at a Montana Army National Guard (MTARNG) property near Helena, Montana. Preliminary assessments of federal facilities are being conducted to compile the information necessary for completing preremedial activities and to provide a basis for establishing corrective actions in response to releases of hazardous substances. The principal objective of the PA is to characterize the site accurately and determine the need for further action by examining site activities, quantities of hazardous substances present, and potential pathways by which contamination could affect public health and the environment. This PA satisfies, for the Fort William Henry Harrison property, requirements of the Department of Defense Installation Restoration Program.

DuWaldt, J.; Meyer, T.

1993-07-01

271

The Envirothon and its effects on students' environmental literacy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the past thirty years, significant progress has been made in defining environmental education and its goals, and operationally by the emerging concept of environmental literacy. Environmental literacy includes affective, behavioral, and cognitive components. Roth (1992) includes environmental sensitivity, knowledge, skills, attitudes and values, personal investment and responsibility, and active involvement as components of environmental literacy. In addition, Simmons (1995) identifies affect, ecological knowledge, socio-political knowledge, knowledge of environmental issues, skills, environmentally responsible behaviors, and additional determinants of environmentally responsible behaviors as components of environmental literacy. Environmental education is the primary vehicle for promoting environmental literacy. Most K through 12 environmental education is delivered in non-formal programs outside traditional curriculum and instruction and is exemplified by the National Envirothon program. Student teams compete to demonstrate their knowledge and understanding of ecological principles in aquatics, forestry, soils, wildlife, and a selected environmental issue. Each year over 75,000 high school students participate in the Envirothon. The purpose of the study was to identify the effects of Envirothon participation on its high school students from 17 out of 43 states with Envirothon programs. One hundred forty eight students completed the Wisconsin Environmental Literacy Assessment Instrument; (Peri, 1996), to assess their environmental literacy status. Data were analyzed using an analysis of covariance where the pretest was the covariate. The results indicated the participation in the Envirothon program does make a statistically significant difference between the environmental literacy of those high school students who have participated in the Envirothon program and the environmental literacy of those high school students who have not participated in the Envirothon program in the cognitive component of environmental literacy but does not in the affective and behavioral components of environmental literacy. Results also indicated there was not a statistically significant difference between the environmental literacy of those high school students who have participated in one or more Envirothon competitions and the environmental literacy of those high school students who have participated in less than one Envirothon competition in regard to the cognitive, affective, or behavior components of environmental literacy. The implication is participating in the Envirothon program does make a difference in the environmental literacy of those high school students participating in the Envirothon program in the cognitive component of environmental literacy but participating in the Envirothon program does not increase the environmental literacy of those high school students participating in the Envirothon program in the affective or behavioral components of environmental literacy. This information is important to teachers, advisors, state and national Envirothon committee members, and sponsors relating to the international goals, objectives and key points, study materials, and training methodology as each is used to expand and strengthen Envirothon programs. Furthermore, many fenders are interested in the program and how it is affecting the students. Recommendations for further research include conducting a meta-analysis using this research and the research conducted by Meredith (1996), longitudinal studies, and case studies utilizing past Envirothon students. Documentation through news articles and interviews could assist in assessing the Envirothon program's impact on students. This would not evaluate the student's environmental literacy, but would provide information on how the Envirothon program influences students' life choices.

Weiser, Brenda Gayle

272

Summer Program Aims to Improve Literacy Skills of Black Male Teens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author talks about a summer program at the African American Adolescent Male Summer Literacy Institute which aims to improve literacy skills of black male teens. The African American Adolescent Male Summer Literacy Institute is now in its fourth year at the University of Illinois-Chicago (UIC). Alfred Tatum, director of the…

West, Cassandra

2012-01-01

273

A Culturally Responsive Literacy Program for Hispanic Fathers and Their Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined a language and cultural literacy program for Hispanic fathers to promote their children's literacy development. This study had two phases: (a) training the teachers and (b) educating the fathers. The results indicated that the fathers learned how to promote their Hispanic children's literacy development using their family's…

Saracho, Olivia N.

2010-01-01

274

Assessing Language, Literacy, and Mathematics Skills With Work Sampling for Head Start  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: We examined the reliability and validity of the language, literacy, and mathematics domains of Work Sampling for Head Start (WSHS), an observational assessment designed for 3- and 4-year-olds. Participants included 112 children who were enrolled over a two-year period in Head Start and a number of other programs sponsored by community-based organizations affiliated with a local school district.

Samuel J. Meisels; Yange Xue; Melissa Shamblott

2008-01-01

275

Increased Implementation of Emergent Literacy Screening in Pre-Kindergarten  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent emphasis on universal prekindergarten programs, coupled with ongoing concern about children’s’ early literacy development\\u000a in the first years of school, carry significant implications for how preschool educators program for literacy and assess literacy\\u000a growth. We discuss the evolving role of literacy development in expanded preschool, examine key features of literacy assessments\\u000a with particular attention to the content that

Marcia InvernizziTimothy; Timothy J. Landrum; Avery Teichman; Monika Townsend

2010-01-01

276

Creating Trails: Tool for Real-Time Assessment of Information Literacy Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes Tool for Real-time Assessment of Information Literacy Skills (TRAILS), a freely available, online tool designed to measure the information literacy skills of high school students. It is based on information literacy competencies for ninth-graders found in the "Ohio Academic Content Standards" (Ohio Department of Education…

Schloman, Barbara F.; Gedeon, Julie A.

2007-01-01

277

Developing a Geoscience Literacy Exam: Pushing Geoscience Literacy Assessment to New Levels  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

InTeGrate is a community effort aimed at improving geoscience literacy and building a workforce that can use geoscience to solve societal issues. As part of this work we have developed a geoscience literacy assessment instrument to measure students' higher order thinking. This assessment is an important part of the development of curricula designed to increase geoscience literacy for all undergraduate students. To this end, we developed the Geoscience Literacy Exam (GLE) as one of the tools to quantify the effectiveness of these materials on students' understandings of geoscience literacy. The InTeGrate project is a 5-year, NSF-funded STEP Center grant in its first year of funding. Details concerning the project are found at http://serc.carleton.edu/integrate/index.html. The GLE instrument addresses content and concepts in the Earth, Climate, and Ocean Science literacy documents. The testing schema is organized into three levels of increasing complexity. Level 1 questions are single answer, understanding- or application-level multiple choice questions. For example, selecting which type of energy transfer is most responsible for the movement of tectonic plates. They are designed such that most introductory level students should be able to correctly answer after taking an introductory geoscience course. Level 2 questions are more advanced multiple answer/matching questions, at the understanding- through analysis-level. Students might be asked to determine the types of earth-atmosphere interactions that could result in changes to global temperatures in the event of a major volcanic eruption. Because the answers are more complicated, some introductory students and most advanced students should be able to respond correctly. Level 3 questions are analyzing- to evaluating-level short essays, such as describe the ways in which the atmosphere sustains life on Earth. These questions are designed such that introductory students could probably formulate a rudimentary response. We anticipate the detail and sophistication of the response will increase as students progress through the InTeGrate curriculum. A team of 14 community members and assessment experts were assembled to develop the questions and complete validity and reliability testing. An initial set of questions was vetted, revised by the assessment team, and sent for external review. Students can score one point for correct Level 1 answers. For Level 2 questions, students can score from zero to two points, depending on the number of correct answers selected. Rubrics are under development for Level 3 essay questions using a 3 point scale that assigns points based both on the accuracy of the response and the quality of the written response. The final instrument will be used to measure geoscience literacy from introductory, non-science students to upper-level geoscience majors. In addition to covering geoscience content knowledge and understanding, GLE+ is also intended to probe InTeGrate students' ability and motivation to use their geoscience expertise to address problems of environmental sustainability. This final instrument will be made available to the geoscience education community as an assessment to be used in conjunction with InTeGrate teaching materials or as a stand-alone tool for departments to measure student learning gains across the major.

Iverson, E. A.; Steer, D. N.; Manduca, C. A.

2012-12-01

278

A multimedia adult literacy program: Combining NASA technology, instructional design theory, and authentic literacy concepts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

For a number of years, the Software Technology Branch of the Information Systems Directorate has been involved in the application of cutting edge hardware and software technologies to instructional tasks related to NASA projects. The branch has developed intelligent computer aided training shells, instructional applications of virtual reality and multimedia, and computer-based instructional packages that use fuzzy logic for both instructional and diagnostic decision making. One outcome of the work on space-related technology-supported instruction has been the creation of a significant pool of human talent in the branch with current expertise on the cutting edges of instructional technologies. When the human talent is combined with advanced technologies for graphics, sound, video, CD-ROM, and high speed computing, the result is a powerful research and development group that both contributes to the applied foundations of instructional technology and creates effective instructional packages that take advantage of a range of advanced technologies. Several branch projects are currently underway that combine NASA-developed expertise to significant instructional problems in public education. The branch, for example, has developed intelligent computer aided software to help high school students learn physics and staff are currently working on a project to produce educational software for young children with language deficits. This report deals with another project, the adult literacy tutor. Unfortunately, while there are a number of computer-based instructional packages available for adult literacy instruction, most of them are based on the same instructional models that failed these students when they were in school. The teacher-centered, discrete skill and drill-oriented, instructional strategies, even when they are supported by color computer graphics and animation, that form the foundation for most of the computer-based literacy packages currently on the market may not be the most effective or most desirable way to use computer technology in literacy programs. This project is developing a series of instructional packages that are based on a different instructional model - authentic instruction. The instructional development model used to create these packages is also different. Instead of using the traditional five stage linear, sequential model based on behavioral learning theory, the project uses the recursive, reflective design and development model (R2D2) that is based on cognitive learning theory, particularly the social constructivism of Vygotsky, and an epistemology based on critical theory. Using alternative instructional and instructional development theories, the result of the summer faculty fellowship is LiteraCity, a multimedia adult literacy instructional package that is a simulation of finding and applying for a job. The program, which is about 120 megabytes, is distributed on CD-ROM.

Willis, Jerry W.

1993-01-01

279

NATIONAL ASSESSMENT DATABASE (NAD)  

EPA Science Inventory

Resource Purpose: The National Assessment Database stores State water quality assessments that are reported under Section 305(b) of the Clean Water Act. The data are stored by individual water quality assessments. Threatened, partially and not supporting waters also have da...

280

Algal Attributes: An Autecological Classification of Algal Taxa Collected by the National Water-Quality Assessment Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Algae are excellent indicators of water-quality conditions, notably nutrient and organic enrichment, and also are indicators of major ion, dissolved oxygen, and pH concentrations and stream microhabitat conditions. The autecology, or physiological optima and tolerance, of algal species for various water-quality contaminants and conditions is relatively well understood for certain groups of freshwater algae, notably diatoms. However, applications of autecological information for water-quality assessments have been limited because of challenges associated with compiling autecological literature from disparate sources, tracking name changes for a large number of algal species, and creating an autecological data base from which algal-indicator metrics can be calculated. A comprehensive summary of algal autecological attributes for North American streams and rivers does not exist. This report describes a large, digital data file containing 28,182 records for 5,939 algal taxa, generally species or variety, collected by the U.S. Geological Survey?s National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program. The data file includes 37 algal attributes classified by over 100 algal-indicator codes or metrics that can be calculated easily with readily available software. Algal attributes include qualitative classifications based on European and North American autecological literature, and semi-quantitative, weighted-average regression approaches for estimating optima using regional and national NAWQA data. Applications of algal metrics in water-quality assessments are discussed and national quartile distributions of metric scores are shown for selected indicator metrics.

Porter, Stephen D.

2008-01-01

281

National Marine Sanctuary Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Marine Sanctuary Program identifies, designates and manages areas of the marine environment of special national significance due to their conservation, recreational, ecological, historical, research, educational, or aesthetic qualities. Access information and pictures of marine sanctuaries all over the U.S. and its territories. Discover ways to get involved with the sanctuary program, no matter where you live. Scientific publications are available for download.

282

National Summit on Economic & Financial Literacy (Washington, DC, March 3, 2005). Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On March 3, 2005, a gathering of policy-shapers, thought-leaders and decision-makers met for The National Summit on Economic and Financial Literacy to promote the benefits of economic and financial literacy to individuals, families, businesses and communities. The ultimate goal of the Summit was to ensure that everyone has the real-life skills…

National Council on Economic Education (NJ3), 2005

2005-01-01

283

The National Literacy Strategy — what's in it for modern language teachers?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers recent government documentation relating to the National Literacy Strategy and its relevance to the teaching of modern languages in secondary schools. It suggests ways in which modern language teachers might benefit from and contribute to the strategy. The article begins with a brief outline of the primary literacy strategy and suggests that it can provide learners with

Karen Turner

2001-01-01

284

The State of Literacy in America: Estimates at the Local, State, and National Levels.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents synthesized estimates of the rates of level 1 literacy by congressional district in the 50 states and District of Columbia. The estimates are extrapolations of the National Adult Literacy Survey (NALS) that were based on the findings of approximately 26,000 interviews. The document begins with an introduction containing the…

National Inst. for Literacy, Washington, DC.

285

Exploring Nutrition Literacy and Knowledge among a National Sample of School Nutrition Managers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this national study was to describe nutrition literacy levels and nutrition knowledge among school nutrition (SN) managers, and explore if barriers to seeking SN information, perceived role in school wellness, and confidence in SN decision making varied by nutrition literacy and knowledge scores. Methods: An…

Zoellner, Jamie; Carr, Deborah

2010-01-01

286

Misunderstood Statistical Assumptions Undermine Criticism of the National Early Literacy Panel's Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many of the methodological criticisms of the National Early Literacy Panel (NELP) report presented in this special issue of "Educational Researcher" are not specific to the NELP report but are in fact broad criticisms of much of the quantitative research on early literacy. This rejoinder demonstrates that these criticisms are off target and are…

Schatschneider, Christopher; Lonigan, Christopher J.

2010-01-01

287

The Position as Regards Functional Literacy Pilot Projects. Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comparative analysis was made of Experimental World Literacy Program projects in 17 nations (Algeria, Brazil, Chile, Equador, Ethiopia, Guinea, India, Iran, Mali, Jamaica, Madagascar, Nigeria, Sudan, Syria, Tanzania, Tunisia, and Venezuela) after 18 months of operation. Included were functional literacy projects in 10 nations, literacy programs

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

288

National Resource Centers Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Resource Centers Program provides grants to institutions of higher education to establish, strengthen, and operate comprehensive and undergraduate centers that are national resources for: (1) Teaching modern foreign languages, especially the less and least commonly taught languages; (2) Disciplinary instruction to provide a thorough…

Office of Postsecondary Education, US Department of Education, 2012

2012-01-01

289

National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program  

E-print Network

National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program NVLAP Assessor Training Nonconformities #12;National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program Definitions Nonconformity ­ nonfulfillment assessors Nonconformities - September 24, 2013 2 #12;National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program

290

National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program  

E-print Network

National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program NVLAP Assessor Training Calibration Certificate Review Discussion #12;National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program Calibration Certificate Review calibration so it must be correct, right? #12;National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program Annex B's 5

291

National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program  

E-print Network

National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program NVLAP Assessor Training Working for NVLAP #12;National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program Presentation Overview · Assessor roles · Assessor Training ­ 2014 2 #12;National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program Assessor Definitions · Lead

292

Literacy Course Priorities and Signature Aspects of Nine Elementary Initial Licensure Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to describe the first part of a three-phase study to learn what makes an effective elementary literacy initial licensure program. The first step was to identify how nine programs prioritized research-based literacy practices and to identify each program's unique features, which we called "signature aspects." Findings…

Lenski, Susan; Ganske, Kathy; Chambers, Sandy; Wold, Linda; Dobler, Elizabeth; Grisham, Dana L.; Scales, Roya; Smetana, Linda; Wolsey, Thomas Devere; Yoder, Karen K.; Young, Janet

2013-01-01

293

Guide to Performance Management for Community Literacy Coalitions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Coalitions have key roles in helping their communities accomplish the following: (1) Track the level of literacy in the community; (2) Use that information to help identify what, and how much, literacy assistance is needed; (3) Assess the extent to which community literacy programs are meeting the need, including how well existing literacy

Hatry, Harry; Morley, Elaine

2008-01-01

294

Operationalization of Community-Based Participatory Research Principles: Assessment of the National Cancer Institute's Community Network Programs  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We examined how National Cancer Institute–funded Community Network Programs (CNPs) operationalized principles of community-based participatory research (CBPR). Methods. We reviewed the literature and extant CBPR measurement tools. On the basis of that review, we developed a 27-item questionnaire for CNPs to self-assess their operationalization of 9 CBPR principles. Our team comprised representatives of 9 of the National Cancer Institute's 25 CNPs. Results. Of the 25 CNPs, 22 (88%) completed the questionnaire. Most scored well on CBPR principles of recognizing community as a unit of identity, building on community strengths, facilitating colearning, embracing iterative processes in developing community capacity, and achieving a balance between data generation and intervention. CNPs varied in the extent to which they employed CBPR principles of addressing determinants of health, sharing power among partners, engaging the community in research dissemination, and striving for sustainability. Conclusions. Although the development of assessment tools in this field is in its infancy, our findings suggest that fidelity to CBPR processes can be assessed in a variety of settings. PMID:22095340

Nguyen, Tung T.; Tanjasiri, Sora Park; Campbell, Janis; Heiney, Sue P.; Brandt, Heather M.; Smith, Selina A.; Blumenthal, Daniel S.; Hargreaves, Margaret; Coe, Kathryn; Ma, Grace X.; Kenerson, Donna; Patel, Kushal; Tsark, JoAnn; Hebert, James R.

2012-01-01

295

Pedagogies for Preservice Assessment Education: Supporting Teacher Candidates' Assessment Literacy Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite assessment-based accountability movements throughout educational systems in the United States, teacher assessment literacy continues to be an identified area of concern. Contributing to this concern is a dearth of research on preservice assessment education including both its curricular and pedagogical approaches. The purpose of this study…

DeLuca, Christopher; Chavez, Teresa; Bellara, Aarti; Cao, Chunhua

2013-01-01

296

Design of Cycle 3 of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program, 20132023  

E-print Network

.................................................................................................................................................................... 1 Goals and Objectives of NAWQA ............................................................................................................................. 2 NAWQA's Unique Role in Assessing Current and Future Issues

297

Strengthening the Literacy Network. Proceedings of a National Forum for State Libraries (1st, Alexandria, Virginia, May 20-22, 1990).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This national literacy conference focused on the issues of developing community collaborations at the state and local levels, motivating constituent libraries to be more involved in literacy, technology-assisted learning, family literacy, workforce literacy, rural literacy, and issues involved in the administration of the Library Services and…

Quezada, Shelley, Comp.

298

Assessment of air quality improvement effect under the National Total Emission Control Program during the Twelfth National Five-Year Plan in China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Total Emission Control (NTEC) Program will continue to be implemented during the 12th Five-Year Plan period (FYP, 2011-2015) in China. Two pollutants (SO2 and NOx) are covered by NTEC, of which NOx is a newly added pollutant under control. NTEC requires that the national total SO2 and NOx emissions be reduced by 8% and 10% respectively in 2015 from the levels of 2010. Annual mean SO2, NO2, and PM2.5 (sulfates and nitrates) concentrations in 2010 and 2015 were simulated with the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) model based on the national source census data and reduction targets in the NTEC Program. Reliability of the simulation results was verified by ground-based observation data and satellite remote sensing data in 113 national key monitoring cities. The air quality improvement from NTEC was also assessed quantitatively. The assessment results indicated that the average SO2 and NO2 concentrations in all cities in 2015 would be reduced by 9.28% and 10.61% respectively from the 2010 levels. The number of cities whose annual average SO2 and NO2 concentrations fail to comply with the national ambient air quality standard will be reduced by 9 and 27 respectively. The PM2.5 simulation results demonstrated that the average sulfate and nitrate concentrations in all cities in 2010 accounted for 20.28% and 17.45% of the PM2.5 respectively. Having considered the emissions reduction effect of SO2 and NOx only, the average sulfate, nitrate, and PM2.5 concentrations in all cities in 2015 will be reduced by 6.25%, 6.04%, and 2.23% respectively from the levels of 2010. However, the annual mean PM2.5 concentration will still exceed the national standard in 77.18% of the cities in China in 2015. These percentages would be as high as 99.70% based on U.S. national standards and 100% based on the World Health Organization's guideline value.

Xue, Wenbo; Wang, Jinnan; Niu, Hao; Yang, Jintian; Han, Baoping; Lei, Yu; Chen, Hanli; Jiang, Chunlai

2013-04-01

299

A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Response-to-Intervention (RTI) Tier 2 Literacy Program: Leveled Literacy Intervention (LLI)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to determine the efficacy of the Leveled Literacy Intervention program (LLI) in increasing reading achievement for K-2 students and (2) to examine LLI program implementation fidelity. This study evaluated LLI in two U.S. school districts and used a mixed-method design to address the following key research…

Ransford-Kaldon, Carolyn; Flynt, E. Sutton; Ross, Cristin

2011-01-01

300

Parallel Quality Assessment of Emergency Departments by European Foundation for Quality Management Model and Iranian National Program for Hospital Evaluation  

PubMed Central

Background European Foundation for Quality Management (EFQM) model is a widely used quality management system (QMS) worldwide, including Iran. Current study aims to verify the quality assessment results of Iranian National Program for Hospital Evaluation (INPHE) based on those of EFQM. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2012 on a sample of emergency departments (EDs) affiliated with Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Iran. The standard questionnaire of EFQM (V-2010) was used to gather appropriate data. The results were compared with those of INPHE. MS Excel was used to classify and display the findings. Results: The average assessment score of the EDs based on the INPHE and EFQM model were largely different (i.e. 86.4% and 31%, respectively). In addition, the variation range among five EDs’ scores according to each model was also considerable (22% for EFQM against 7% of INPHE), especially in the EDs with and without prior record of applying QMSs. Conclusion: The INPHE’s assessment results were not confirmed by EFQM model. Moreover, the higher variation range among EDs’ scores using EFQM model could allude to its more differentiation power in assessing the performance comparing with INPHE. Therefore, a need for improvement in the latter drawing on other QMSs’ (such as EFQM) strengths, given the results emanated from its comparison with EFQM seems indispensable. PMID:23967429

IMANI NASAB, Mohammad Hasan; MOHAGHEGH, Bahram; KHALESI, Nader; JAAFARIPOOYAN, Ebrahim

2013-01-01

301

National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program  

E-print Network

National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program NVLAP Assessor Training Evaluating Assessor Performance #12;National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program Why NVLAP Evaluates? ISO/IEC 17011 - 6 to perform competently. 2Assessor Performance - September 24, 2013 #12;National Voluntary Laboratory

302

A National Schizophrenia: Orality and Literacy in Blair's Rhetoric.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although questions concerning the effects of literacy on society, culture, and the mind remain problematic for anthropology and psychology, considerations of the role played by orality, literacy, or other media in creating different communicative potentials between writer and reader, should not seem out of place in the discipline of rhetoric. Hugh…

Harshbarger, Scott

303

Use of Video Podcasts to Communicate Scientific Findings to Non-Scientists--- Examples from the U.S. Geological Survey National Water-Quality Assessment Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S Geological Survey (USGS) National Water-Quality Assessment Program (NAWQA) provides information about (1) water-quality conditions and how those conditions vary locally, regionally, and nationally, (2) water-quality trends, and (3) factors that affect those conditions. As part of the NAWQA Program, the Effects of Urbanization on Stream Ecosystems (EUSE) study examined the vulnerability and resilience of streams to urbanization. Completion

D. A. Harned; G. McMahon; K. Capelli

2010-01-01

304

The Effectiveness Of The Manchester Even Start Program In Improving Literacy Outcomes for Preschool Latino Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although widely implemented, the effectiveness of the Even Start program and other programs involving home-visiting and bilingual education in improving preschool literacy outcomes, particularly among Latino students, is uncertain. This study used a non-equivalent groups design to compare preschool literacy outcomes (measured by the PALS-PreK…

Ryan, Andrew M.

2005-01-01

305

Computer Literacy of Turkish Preservice Teachers in Different Teacher Training Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on an investigation into the sophomore and senior preservice teachers' computer literacy in different teacher training programs and to determine relationship between grades and the teacher training programs in terms of their computer literacy. The study used case study research methodology, and the sample consisted of 276…

Ozsevgec, Tuncay

2011-01-01

306

Acid deposition in Maryland: Implications of the results of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program  

SciTech Connect

Acid deposition, commonly referred to as 'acid rain,' is a major global environmental concern. Acid deposition has reportedly resulted in damage to aquatic, terrestrial, and physical resources and has potentially adverse effects on human health. A component of the Maryland acid deposition program is the preparation of an annual report that summarizes yearly activities and costs of ongoing acid deposition research and monitoring programs.

DeMuro, J.; Bowmann, M.; Ross, J.; Blundell, C.; Price, R.

1991-07-01

307

Ammonia emission factors for the NAPAP (National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program) emission inventory. Final report, January 1985-December 1986  

SciTech Connect

The report provides information on certain sources of ammonia emissions to the atmosphere for use in the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) emission inventories. Major anthropogenic sources of ammonia emissions to the atmosphere are identified, and emission factors for these sources are presented based on a review of the most recent data available. The emission factors developed are used to estimate nationwide emissions for base year 1980 and are compared to ammonia emission factors used in other emission inventories. Major anthropogenic source categories covered are cropland spreading of livestock wastes, beef cattle feedlots, fertilizer manufacture and use, fuel combustion, ammonia synthesis, petroleum refineries, and coke manufacture. Approximately 840,000 tons of ammonia is estimated to have been emitted in the U.S. in 1980; over 64% of which is estimated to have been from livestock wastes.

Misenheimer, D.C.; Warn, T.E.; Zelmanowitz, S.

1987-01-01

308

Measuring New Media Literacies: Towards the Development of a Comprehensive Assessment Tool  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assesses the psychometric properties of a newly tested self-report assessment tool for media literacy, based on the twelve new media literacy skills (NMLs) developed by Jenkins et al. (2006). The sample (N = 327) consisted of normal volunteers who completed a comprehensive online survey that measured their NML skills, media exposure,…

Literat, Ioana

2014-01-01

309

Health Literacy Assessment of the STOFHLA: Paper versus Electronic Administration Continuation Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Low health literacy is associated with poor health outcomes. Research is needed to understand the mechanisms and pathways of its effects. Computer-based assessment tools may improve efficiency and cost-effectiveness of health literacy research. The objective of this preliminary study was to assess if administration of the Short Test of Functional…

Chesser, Amy K.; Keene Woods, Nikki; Wipperman, Jennifer; Wilson, Rachel; Dong, Frank

2014-01-01

310

Unpacking Pandora's Box: Issues in the Assessment of English Learners' Literacy Skill Development in Multimodal Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this commentary I unpack the Pandora's Box of issues related to the assessment of English language learners' literacy skill development in multimodal classrooms. I ask how we might quantify the benefits of multimodal composing, for k-12 as well as college students, given the existing complexity of assessing ELLs' traditional literacy skills. I…

Pandya, Jessica Zacher

2012-01-01

311

Sandia National Laboratories performance assessment methodology for long-term environmental programs : the history of nuclear waste management.  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) is the world leader in the development of the detailed science underpinning the application of a probabilistic risk assessment methodology, referred to in this report as performance assessment (PA), for (1) understanding and forecasting the long-term behavior of a radioactive waste disposal system, (2) estimating the ability of the disposal system and its various components to isolate the waste, (3) developing regulations, (4) implementing programs to estimate the safety that the system can afford to individuals and to the environment, and (5) demonstrating compliance with the attendant regulatory requirements. This report documents the evolution of the SNL PA methodology from inception in the mid-1970s, summarizing major SNL PA applications including: the Subseabed Disposal Project PAs for high-level radioactive waste; the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant PAs for disposal of defense transuranic waste; the Yucca Mountain Project total system PAs for deep geologic disposal of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste; PAs for the Greater Confinement Borehole Disposal boreholes at the Nevada National Security Site; and PA evaluations for disposal of high-level wastes and Department of Energy spent nuclear fuels stored at Idaho National Laboratory. In addition, the report summarizes smaller PA programs for long-term cover systems implemented for the Monticello, Utah, mill-tailings repository; a PA for the SNL Mixed Waste Landfill in support of environmental restoration; PA support for radioactive waste management efforts in Egypt, Iraq, and Taiwan; and, most recently, PAs for analysis of alternative high-level radioactive waste disposal strategies including repositories deep borehole disposal and geologic repositories in shale and granite. Finally, this report summarizes the extension of the PA methodology for radioactive waste disposal toward development of an enhanced PA system for carbon sequestration and storage systems. These efforts have produced a generic PA methodology for the evaluation of waste management systems that has gained wide acceptance within the international community. This report documents how this methodology has been used as an effective management tool to evaluate different disposal designs and sites; inform development of regulatory requirements; identify, prioritize, and guide research aimed at reducing uncertainties for objective estimations of risk; and support safety assessments.

Marietta, Melvin Gary; Anderson, D. Richard; Bonano, Evaristo J.; Meacham, Paul Gregory (Raytheon Ktech, Albuquerque, NM)

2011-11-01

312

Federal Literacy Facts: An Update on Literacy-Related Developments at the National Level. Movement for Canadian Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This February 2002 issue of "Federal Literacy Facts" contains the following sections: (1) Skills and Learning Discussion Paper Released: What you need to know!; (2) Knowledge Matters: A Section-by-Section Review; (3) The Government Plan - What's Next?; and (4) MCL's Action Plan--What's Next? (Contains 11 footnotes.)

Movement for Canadian Literacy, 2002

2002-01-01

313

National Assessment Analysis Procedures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the analysis of data collected by the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). In simplest terms, the analysis can be characterized as establishing baseline estimates of the percentages of young Americans possessing certain skills, knowledge, understandings, and attitudes and…

Searls, Donald T., Ed.

314

National Seabird Program NOAA Fisheries  

E-print Network

NOAA FISHERIES SERVICE National Seabird Program NOAA Fisheries Contact: Kim Rivera (Kim Oceans Matter NOAA Fisheries National Seabird Program The NOAA Fisheries National Seabird Program are of interest to and are studied by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). NOAA Fisheries

315

NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE NATIONAL OBSERVER PROGRAM  

E-print Network

NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE NATIONAL OBSERVER PROGRAM noaanational marine fisheries service ANNUAL REPORT 2008 U.S. Department of Commerce | National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration | National Marine Fisheries Service #12;i An online version of this report is available at http

316

Exploring environmental literacy in low-literate communities of Pakistan: A descriptive study to recommend strategies for planning environmental education programs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The widely accepted definition of environmental education as stated by The Tbilisi Declaration of 1978 focuses on developing an environmentally literate citizenry which is capable of working "...individually and collectively toward solutions of current [environmental] problems and the prevention of new ones". The two basic tenets of environmental literacy are further defined in this study as the ability to understand environmental problems and the ability to address those environmental problems in a responsible manner. Acquisition of knowledge has also been considered an important element when developing environmental literacy programs. However, a large sector of the world population is non- or low-literate and communication is through channels other than the written word. The challenge for environmental educators is to reach the low-literate learners who have not had many opportunities to participate in formal education activities through established institutions. The purpose of this study was to describe levels of environmental literacy in communities with varying levels of formal literacy in two cities, Karachi and Islamabad, Pakistan to determine the role formal literacy plays in enhancing environmental literacy and decision making in relation to age, sex, location, number of years spent in formal education, and the socio-economic status (SES) of adult learners. Based on the outcomes, recommendations were made for designing effective programs to ensure involvement of low-literate communities in established decision-making processes through relevant program planning. This study suggested strategies to program planners and environmental educators for designing programs that reach low-literate communities, highlight local environmental concerns, and empower these communities in addressing local environmental issues. A purposive sample was identified from the constituencies of five non-governmental organizations in Karachi and Islamabad, Pakistan. Two instruments, one to measure levels of formal literacy, and the other to assess environmental literacy of the participants at the nominal, functional, and operational levels, were developed for this study. Negligible correlations were found between environmental literacy and the demographic or "external" variables of age, sex, location, number of years participants had spent in formal education institutions, socio-economic status, and formal literacy. However, some low and moderate positive correlations were found between formal literacy and age, sex, location, number of years participants had spent in formal education institutions, and socio-economic status of the participants. No correlations were found between environmental literacy and formal literacy indicating that the ability to read and write did not relate to environmental literacy or awareness in the participants.

Daudi, Sabiha Shafique

2000-10-01

317

34 CFR 1100.3 - What type of project may a fellow conduct under this program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...3 Section 1100.3 Education Regulations Relating to Education NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR LITERACY NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR LITERACY: LITERACY LEADER FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM § 1100.3 What type of project may a fellow conduct under...

2013-07-01

318

34 CFR 1100.3 - What type of project may a fellow conduct under this program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR LITERACY NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR LITERACY: LITERACY LEADER FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM § 1100.3 What type of project may a fellow conduct under...

2010-07-01

319

34 CFR 1100.3 - What type of project may a fellow conduct under this program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR LITERACY NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR LITERACY: LITERACY LEADER FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM § 1100.3 What type of project may a fellow conduct under...

2011-07-01

320

34 CFR 1100.3 - What type of project may a fellow conduct under this program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...3 Section 1100.3 Education Regulations Relating to Education NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR LITERACY NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR LITERACY: LITERACY LEADER FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM § 1100.3 What type of project may a fellow conduct under...

2012-07-01

321

Making the Randolph-Sheppard Program More Competitive: Results of a National Training Needs Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study involving 97 Business Enterprise Program (BEP) counselors and 99 licensed facility managers from 37 states found that both groups ranked profitability issues and leadership skills as the top two training priorities for a two-day Randolph-Sheppard regional training conference. Crisis management and food safety were also ranked highly. (CR)

Moore, J. Elton

1999-01-01

322

Literacy across the Curriculum: Connecting Literacy in the Schools, Community and Workplace, 1992-1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first of four issues in this volume consists of these articles: "The Fourth 'R'--Relating"; "On Baseball Cards and Literacy"; "On Literacy and Success"; "National Assessments: What They Can and Cannot Do"; and "In the Classroom: The Integrated Journal." It also contains two book reviews and a list of resources on adolescent literacy, at-risk…

Literacy across the Curriculum, 1992

1992-01-01

323

Incorporating data literacy into undergraduate information literacy programs in the social sciences : A pilot project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyze the confluence of data literacy with information literacy in an experimental one-unit course taught in the UCLA Department of Sociology, and present the literature on, rationale for, and future of integrating these interrelated literacies into social science courses. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The course was co-taught twice by a librarian

Elizabeth Stephenson; Patti Schifter Caravello

2007-01-01

324

Developing pre-literacy skills via shared book reading : assessment of a family intervention program for pre-school children at risk of becoming reading disabled  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a low cost intervention program implemented into the homes of 34 preschool children at risk of reading failure. The intervention was targeted at families where there was a history of reading disability. Families were instructed in dialogic reading via videotaped examples of good practice. The intervention took place over eight weeks. Pre- and post- measures of

Ruth Fielding-Barnsley; Nola Purdie

2002-01-01

325

Canadian National Geomagnetism Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Canadian National Geomagnetism Program provides excellent resources for keeping track of the Earth's ever-changing magnetic field throughout Canada. The information here covers "time-scales ranging from seconds to decades." Data include short- and long-term magnetic activity forecasts, and plots of one-minute variations of the geomagnetic field. Also, an in-depth geomagnetic hazards section discusses effects of magnetic storms on power systems, pipelines, and communication cables.

326

Assessing the Impact Participation in Science Journalism Activities Has on Scientific Literacy among High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of the National Science Foundation Science Literacy through Science Journalism (SciJourn) research and development initiative (http://www.scijourn.org; Polman, Saul, Newman, and Farrar, 2008) a quasi-experimental design was used to investigate what impact incorporating science journalism activities had on students' scientific literacy.…

Farrar, Cathy

2012-01-01

327

The Development of Building Wellness™, a Youth Health Literacy Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health literacy research has concentrated on adults; there has been inadequate research on youth health literacy and the effect it may have on health outcomes. Low-income, minority populations have low levels of health literacy and are at higher risk of illness and disease. Building Wellness™ is a youth health literacy curriculum targeting low-income youth from 3rd grade to 8th grade

Catherine Diamond; Sandy Saintonge; Phyllis August; Adeline Azrack

2011-01-01

328

A health literacy assessment of the epilepsy.com website  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current healthcare guidelines identify low health literacy as a major barrier to optimal health communication. Health literacy is defined as the degree to which individuals can obtain, process and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions. An estimated 90 million people in the U.S. have marginal health literacy. The Institute of Medicine and the U.S.

John O. Elliott; Bassel F. Shneker

2009-01-01

329

Educational and Mothering Discourses and Learner Goals: Mexican Immigrant Women Enacting Agency in a Family Literacy Program. Research Brief #8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family literacy programs promote certain ideas about literacy and parenting. This study examined how Mexican immigrant women in a family literacy program used mainstream ideas, or discourses, of mothering and parent involvement in education to pursue their own personal and academic goals. The findings revealed that women were at times faced with…

Toso, Blaire Willson

2012-01-01

330

Introduction of health literacy into the allied dental curriculum: first steps and plans for the future.  

PubMed

In 2003, the U.S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics conducted the National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL). The NAAL reported that over 90 million adults were functionally or marginally illiterate. When these individuals encounter the health care system, they often have difficulties with reading and understanding basic text and, as a result, have difficulty managing their disease or using medications. The purpose of this article is to describe our initial efforts to educate our students concerning health literacy, its consequences, and our assessment. As part of a new segment of the allied health curriculum, second-year dental hygiene students received a lecture concerning the prevalence of poor literacy in America and the possible consequences of poor literacy on their patients' ability to maintain oral health. To provide clinical experience with assessing health literacy, the students were instructed in the administration of a validated medical health literacy tool. This clinical exercise had two functions: 1) to familiarize students with assessing health literacy as part of their clinical experience and 2) to continue to gather preliminary data concerning the level of health literacy of adult patients at Indiana University School of Dentistry using a standardized methodology, the Short Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (S-TOFHLA). The results indicated that 13 percent of those assessed had "inadequate" or "marginal" literacy as measured by the S-TOFHLA. As a result, we plan to continue to expand our educational efforts and develop a larger investigation of the prevalence in our dental school population. With these data, we hope to develop effective educational programs and experiences for our students, faculty, and staff to improve their awareness and communication skills and ultimately improve the oral health of our patients. PMID:20203332

Jackson, Richard D; Coan, Lorinda L; Hughes, Elizabeth; Eckert, George J

2010-03-01

331

Local Knowledge and Digital Movie Composing in an After-School Literacy Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Latino teenager participated in an after school digital movie composing program called the Technology and Literacy Project. As a student of color previously identified as at risk for school failure, Horatio's case speaks to a common discrepancy highlighted in sociocultural literacy scholarship. He was competent and engaged with numerous…

Brass, Jory J.

2008-01-01

332

Seek, Gather, and Report. Experiences in Program-Based Literacy Research. Occasional Paper No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains nine articles about the process of doing research by literacy practitioners and volunteers in several areas of the Ontario (Canada) literacy field. "Implementing a Workplace Program: A Look Back" (Maria Ioannou-Makrakis) describes the process followed and the learning outcomes from planning, implementing, and developing a…

Program-Based Research Special Interest Group, London (Ontario).

333

Reduction of Shape and Weight Concern in Young Adolescents: A 30-Month Controlled Evaluation of a Media Literacy Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of a media literacy program in preventing eating disorders among adolescents is studied. Media literacy can be effective in helping reduce shape and weight concern and other eating disorder risk factors in adolescents over the long term.

Wilksch, Simon M.; Wade, Tracey D.

2009-01-01

334

Language, Literacy and Numeracy in National Training Packages: Case Studies in Aged Care and Hospitality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The implementation and effectiveness of the inclusion of literacy and numeracy in industry training packages was examined in case studies of three programs in Western Australia. Two were certificate programs in cooking and food and beverage as specified in the hospitality training package, and the third was an aged care program based on the…

Haines, Christine; Brand, Jennie Bickmore

335

The Power of Family Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the early findings from the analysis of a family literacy demonstration project under the direction of the National Center for Family Literacy. The data in this report are based upon the experiences of over 300 families who participated in the Toyota Families for Learning Program during the 1992-1993 school year. The first…

National Center for Family Literacy, Louisville, KY.

336

Assessment of Language Development of Preschoolers: Validating Morrow's Checklist for Assessing Early Literacy Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to establish the validity of the Language Development Rating Scale and the Attitudes toward Reading and Voluntary Reading Behaviour Rating Scale in Morrow's Checklist for Assessing Early Literacy Development for use with preschool children in Hong Kong. The sample comprised 2619 preschool children aged three-five years who were…

Mok, Magdalena Mo Ching; Lam, Hazel Mei Yung

2011-01-01

337

Sandia National Laboratories performance assessment methodology for long-term environmental programs : the history of nuclear waste management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) is the world leader in the development of the detailed science underpinning the application of a probabilistic risk assessment methodology, referred to in this report as performance assessment (PA), for (1) understanding and forecasting the long-term behavior of a radioactive waste disposal system, (2) estimating the ability of the disposal system and its various components to

Melvin Gary Marietta; D. Richard Anderson; Evaristo J. Bonano; Paul Gregory Meacham

2011-01-01

338

The Complete Picture: "Standards for Technological Literacy" and "Advancing Excellence in Technological Literacy."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of the "Standards for Technological Literacy: Content for the Study of Technology" (STL) and "Advancing Excellence in Technological Literacy: Student Assessment, Professional Development, and Program Standards" (AETL). Shows how the documents work together to advance the technological literacy of technology educators and K-12…

Technology Teacher, 2003

2003-01-01

339

Should There Be a National Curriculum for Technological Literacy?: Opinions from Leaders in the Field  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article shares the opinions of several leaders in technology education regarding the need for a national curriculum for technology literacy. Laura Johnson Hummell, a North Carolina middle school technology education teacher and doctoral candidate at East Carolina University, believes that the United States should have a national curriculum…

Hummell, Laura Johnson; Lipton, Ethan B.; Morrow, Mellissa; Streichler, Jerry; Zuga, Karen

2007-01-01

340

Reviving the Dead Butler? Towards a Review of Aspects of National Literacy Strategy Grammar Advice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In his 2004 article "How was a dead butler killed: The way English national strategies maim grammatical parts" published in "Language and Education" 18, no. 1, Wasyl Cajkler calls for a review of grammar advice to teachers in the UK National Literacy Strategy (NLS) materials. His evidence demonstrates clearly that NLS grammar advice is "a…

Wales, Lynn

2009-01-01

341

Literacy Assessment for Today's Schools. Monograph of the College Reading Association.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 17 papers provides a blueprint for teachers who want increasingly sophisticated methods for monitoring student growth and can serve as a resource for in-service educators as literacy instruction changes. Papers in the first section of the book examine literacy assessment as it pertains to school-age children. Papers in the…

Collins, Martha D., Ed.; Moss, Barbara G., Ed.

342

Use of a Parent Questionnaire in Emergent and Early Literacy Assessment of Preschool Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this project was to evaluate the use of a parent questionnaire in the assessment of emergent and early literacy skills of preschool children with language impairments (LI) and their typically developing (TD) peers to determine the relationship between parent report and more formal measures of early literacy, as well as to…

Boudreau, Donna

2005-01-01

343

Credit Card Usage among Older Adults: Assessing Financial Literacy and Pressures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research reported here assessed the financial literacy of older adults living in rural communities, current use of and attitudes towards debt, and debt pressures. Those surveyed exhibit low credit card usage and responsible payment practices. Most never use credit to pay medical expenses. Respondents display a financial literacy level similar…

St. Pierre, Eileen; Shreffler, Karina

2013-01-01

344

The Online Assessment of K-12 Technology Literacy. Soapbox Digest. Volume 4, Number 2, Fall 2005.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Institute for the Advancement of Emerging Technologies in Education (IAETE), housed at Edvantia's Appalachia Educational Laboratory, addressed the need to assess technology literacy in an e-mail-based panel held during one week in September 2005. The conversation began with the importance of defining technology literacy, identifying a range…

Appalachia Educational Laboratory at Edvantia (NJ1), 2005

2005-01-01

345

Examining the Concurrent Validity of Assessing Preschool Language and Literacy Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the concurrent validity of the assessment for an early language and literacy project. The goal of the project was to promote a successful transition to kindergarten for preschoolers who were at risk for reading difficulties by equipping them with the necessary language and literacy skills needed for early…

Xu, Yaoying

2012-01-01

346

1992 state-by-state assessment of low-level radioactive wastes received at commercial disposal sites. National Low-Level Waste Management Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Each year the National Low-Level Waste Management Program publishes a state-by-state assessment report. This report provides both national and state-specific disposal data on low-level radioactive waste commercially disposed in the United States. Data in this report are categorized according to disposal site, generator category, waste class, volumes, and radionuclide activity. Included in this report are tables showing the distribution of

R. L. Fuchs; S. D. McDonald

1993-01-01

347

1991 State-by-state assessment of low-level radioactive wastes received at commercial disposal sites. National Low-Level Waste Management Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Each year the National Low-Level Waste Management Program publishes a state-by-state assessment report. This report provides both national and state-specific disposal data on low-level radioactive waste commercially disposed of in the United States. Data in this report are categorized according to disposal site, generator category, waste class, volumes, and radionuclide activity. Included in this report are tables showing the distribution

R. L. Fuchs; K. Culbertson-Arendts

1992-01-01

348

1989 state-by-state assessment of low-level radioactive wastes received at commercial disposal sites: National Low-Level Waste Management Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Low-Level Waste Management Program has published eleven annual state-by-state assessment reports. These reports provide both national and state-specific disposal data on low-level radioactive wastes. Data in this report are divided into generator category, waste class, volume, and activity. Included in this report are tables showing a distribution of wastes by state for 1989 and a comparison of waste

R. L. Fuchs; K. Culbertson-Arendts

1990-01-01

349

Ground-Water Data-Collection Protocols and Procedures for the National Water-Quality Assessment Program: Selection, Installation, and Documentation of Wells, and Collection of Related Data  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Protocols for well installation and documentation are included in a 1989 report written for the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Pilot Program of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). These protocols were reviewed and revised to address the needs of the full-scale implementation of the NAWQA Program that began in 1991. This report, which is a collaborative effort between the National Water-Quality Assessment Program and the Office of Water Quality, is the result of that review and revision. This report describes protocols and recommended procedures for the collection of data from wells for the NAWQA Program. Protocols and procedures discussed are well selection, installation of monitoring wells, documentation, and the collection of water level and additional hydrogeologic and geologic data.

Lapham, Wayne W.; Wilde, Franceska D.; Koterba, Michael T.

1995-01-01

350

Supplemental investigations in support of environmental assessments by the Idaho INEL Oversight Program at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. Status report, June 30, 1992  

SciTech Connect

This document reports on the status of supplemental investigations in support of environmental assessments by the Idaho INEL Oversight Program at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. Included is information on hydrology studies in wells open through large intervals, unsaturated zone contamination and transport processes, surface water-groundwater interactions, regional groundwater flow, and independent testing of air quality data.

Not Available

1992-11-01

351

Validation for MEDFICTS, a Dietary Assessment Instrument for Evaluating Adherence to Total and Saturated Fat Recommendations of the National Cholesterol Education Program Step 1 and Step 2 Diets  

Microsoft Academic Search

MEDFICTS is a dietary assessment instrument designed to evaluate patient adherence to the National Cholesterol Education Program Step 1 and Step 2 diets. It provides a quick way to record food intake, portion size, and frequency of intake while focusing on foods that are the primary contributors of total fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol in the average American diet (ie,

PENNY KRIS-ETHERTON; B EISSENSTAT; S JAAX; UMA SRINATH; L SCOTT; J RADER; T PEARSON

2001-01-01

352

DEVELOPMENT OF THE NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSIONS INVENTORY TO SUPPORT APPLICATIONS OF THE EULERIAN REGIONAL ACID DEPOSITION MODEL  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper describes the processes and data sources used to develop temporal, spatial, and species allocation factors for the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP). NAPAP has charged its task group on Emissions and Controls with the development of inventories of a...

353

MyPyramid.gov: Assessment of Literacy, Cultural and Linguistic Factors in the USDA Food Pyramid Web Site  

Microsoft Academic Search

MyPyramid.gov, a major national Web site about healthful eating and physical activity, was analyzed for literacy, cultural, and linguistic factors relevant to consumers. The assessment used 4 standardized readability tests, 1 navigational test, availability of non-English content, and new criteria for cultural factors. Readability scores averaged between grade levels 8.8 and 10.8, and half the navigation criteria were met. The

Linda Neuhauser; Rebeccah Rothschild; Fátima M. Rodríguez

2007-01-01

354

77 FR 74174 - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Climate Assessment and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the U.S. Global Change Research Program...check the National Climate Assessment Web site...future impacts of climate change upon the United States...assessment of global change impacts and adaptation...produce a National Climate Assessment....

2012-12-13

355

Report of the Regional and National Literacy Network of Research and Professional Organizations (1st, Naperville, Illinois, November 15, 2001).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Center for Literacy (part of the North Central Regional Educational Laboratory) established the Regional and National Network of Research and Professional Organizations, which examines current trends in literacy research on a national level. The first meeting of the Research Network was held in 2001, and featured a panel of expert researchers…

Righeimer, Jennie M.; Voss, Cathy

356

Computers & Literacy: Curricula & Guides. General Adult Literacy Series. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief describes 23 computer-based adult literacy programs developed for instructional use in workplace and general literacy settings and 11 guides and research reports. Descriptions contain these types of information: area(s) taught or assessed; format; intended users; instructional objective(s); required hardware; cost; companion print…

BCEL Brief, 1993

1993-01-01

357

Documentation as Problem Solving for Literacy Outreach Programs  

SciTech Connect

Age-appropriate technical writing lessons for underperforming high-school students can offer them an innovative, ''authentic'' way to improve how they read and write. Thus the techniques and principles of effective technical communication routinely applied at work also provide a positive response to one of today's great educational challenges. This workshop shows participants how to (1) introduce English and science teachers to the value of technical writing as a response to school literacy problems, (2) prepare plausible practice exercises to help students improve their basic literacy, and (3) recognize and respond to known literacy outreach pitfalls. Every effective literacy outreach project based on technical writing needs to address four key problems.

Girill, T R

2004-07-06

358

The (Limited) Use of Local-Level Assessment System: A Case Study of the Head Start National Reporting System and On-Going Child Assessments in a Local Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using concepts from the evaluation literature, this case study describes the instrumental, conceptual, and political influence of the Head Start National Reporting System (NRS) and on-going child assessments in a local Head Start program. This study found that a local program intentionally aimed to limit the influence of the NRS. The NRS validated…

Kallemeyn, Leanne M.; DeStefano, Lizanne

2009-01-01

359

Advancing Excellence in Technological Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses contents of new publication released by the International Technology Education Association: "Advancing Excellence in Technology Literacy: Student Assessment, Professional Development, and Program Standards," intended to provide the means for implementing technology standards published in 2000 ("Standards for Technology Literacy") in K-12…

Dugger, William E., Jr.; Meade, Shelli D.; Delany, Lisa; Nichols, Crystal

2003-01-01

360

Automatic Programming Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses software metrics and describes a study of graduate students in Hong Kong that evaluated the relevance of using software metrics as a means of assessing students' performance in programing. The use of four basic metrics to measure programing skill, complexity, programing style, and programing efficiency using Pascal is examined. (13…

Hung, Sheung-Lun; And Others

1993-01-01

361

Activities of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program in the upper Snake River Basin, Idaho and western Wyoming, 1991-2001  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 1991, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) began a full-scale National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program. The long-term goals of the NAWQA Program are to describe the status and trends in the water quality of a large part of the Nation's rivers and aquifers and to improve understanding of the primary natural and human factors that affect water-quality conditions. In meeting these goals, the program will produce water-quality, ecological, and geographic information that will be useful to policy makers and managers at the national, State, and local levels. A major component of the program is study-unit investigations, upon which national-level assessment activities are based. The program's 60 study-unit investigations are associated with principal river basins and aquifer systems throughout the Nation. Study units encompass areas from 1,200 to more than 65,000 mi2 (square miles) and incorporate about 60 to 70 percent of the Nation's water use and population served by public water supply. In 1991, the upper Snake River Basin was among the first 20 NAWQA study units selected for implementation. From 1991 to 1995, a high-intensity data-collection phase of the upper Snake River Basin study unit (fig. 1) was implemented and completed. Components of this phase are described in a report by Gilliom and others (1995). In 1997, a low-intensity phase of data collection began, and work continued on data analysis, report writing, and data documentation and archiving activities that began in 1996. Principal data-collection activities during the low-intensity phase will include monitoring of surface-water and ground-water quality, assessment of aquatic biological conditions, and continued compilation of environmental setting information.

Low, Walton H.

1997-01-01

362

Exploring the Synergy between Science Literacy and Language Literacy with English Language Learners: Lessons Learned within a Sustained Professional Development Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thirty-five elementary teachers participated in a yearlong professional development (PD) program whose goal was to foster science content learning while promoting language literacy for English Language Learners (ELL). The researchers utilized an explanatory design methodology to determine the degree to which science and language literacy

Carrejo, David J.; Reinhartz, Judy

2012-01-01

363

Functional Health Literacy and Mental Health in Urban and Rural Mothers of Children Enrolled in Early Intervention Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Functional health literacy," a component of health literacy, refers to the ability to read and interpret medical information. The Short Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (S-TOFHLA) measures the ability to read and interpret medical information. The purpose of this pilot study was to assess and compare levels of maternal functional…

Pizur-Barnekow, Kris; Doering, Jennifer; Cashin, Susan; Patrick, Timothy; Rhyner, Paula

2010-01-01

364

Structuring learning environments: Lessons from the organization of post-literacy programs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New conceptual and historical work on the nature of literacy and information on several bellwether post-literacy efforts in developing countries furnish a basis for diagnosing some of the deficiencies in current approaches to post-literacy programming. The key issue is the design of a `literate environment'. Heretofore attention has been concentrated too exclusively on the reading materials and continuing education side of the problem, and insufficient attention has been given to the more critical and difficult aspect: ensuring adequate opportunities for the application of new literate skills. The availability of these functional opportunities is closely related to the possibilities for accumulation and reinvestment of economic surplus in the environment, and to the way in which the related activities are organized. Literacy programs can unite skills relevant to management of local resources with strategies of cultural, political or religious revitalization that mobilize people to use their human resources. They therefore continue to offer an attractive means of initiating a reinvestment spiral from limited initial capital. To realize these potentials at the post-literacy stage, however, requires planning post-literacy before literacy, broadening programs to address primary school leavers as well, and paying greatly increased attention to the economic and social structure of the learning environment.

Easton, Peter A.

1989-12-01

365

Gender, Assessment and Students' Literacy Learning: Implications for Formative Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Formative assessment is intended to develop students' capacity to learn and increase the effectiveness of teaching. However, the extent to which formative assessment can meet these aims depends on the relationship between its conception and current conceptions of learning. In recent years concern about sex group differences in achievement has led…

Murphy, Patricia; Ivinson, Gabrielle

2005-01-01

366

Appalachian Adult Literacy Programs Survey (ALPS). Final Report. Volume I--Narrative; Volume 2--Appendices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Appalachia Educational Laboratory (AEL) contracted with the Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC) to seek information on the presence, operation, and impact of adult learning programs within the 13-state Appalachian Region. Literacy was defined on a program operation base, possible programs were listed, and program descriptions were obtained…

Borei, Sven H. E.; Shively, Joe E.

367

A Comparative Assessment of Computer Literacy of Private and Public Secondary School Students in Lagos State, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to conduct a comparative assessment of computer literacy of private and public secondary school students. Although the definition of computer literacy varies widely, this study treated computer literacy in terms of access to, and use of, computers and the internet, basic knowledge and skills required to use computers and…

Osunwusi, Adeyinka Olumuyiwa; Abifarin, Michael Segun

2013-01-01

368

Literacy Collaborative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an overview of Literacy Collaborative, a comprehensive, schoolwide program designed to provide long-term support to schools working toward successful literacy achievement for every child by the end of 2nd grade. There are currently (year 2000) 390 literacy coordinators or trainers serving 372 schools in 25 states. The…

Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.

369

Assessing Health Literacy in Diverse Primary Care Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Patient health literacy skills are critical to effective healthcare communication and safe care delivery in primary care settings. Methods and strategies to identify patient health literacy (HL) capabilities and provider/staff knowledge, attitudes and beliefs (KAB) regarding HL must be known before addressing provider/staff communication skills.…

McCune, Renee L.

2010-01-01

370

Vygotsky in the Classroom: Mediated Literacy Instruction and Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to help teachers think about, analyze, and make decisions on literacy instruction, this book provides the conceptual framework and methodology to put the ideas of Lev Vygotsky into practice for classroom literacy instruction. The book claims that Vygotsky's ideas provide a cohesive framework and an operational model that teachers can use…

Dixon-Krauss, Lisbeth, Ed.

371

Fundamentals of Literacy Instruction and Assessment, Pre-K-6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For future literacy teachers just beginning their professional education, nothing's more important than the first core text that builds their foundation for classroom success. That's why every preservice teacher should start with this introductory reading textbook, ideal for teaching fundamental literacy skills to students in pre-K-Grade 6. Based…

Hougen, Martha C., Ed.; Smartt, Susan M., Ed.

2012-01-01

372

NATIONAL LAKE ASSESSMENT MONITORING DESIGN  

EPA Science Inventory

The USEPA designed the National Lake Assessment in 2005-6 with field sampling being completed in 2007. The objective of the assessment is to estimate the ecological condition of lakes and reservoirs nationally. The objective of this paper is to describe the national survey desi...

373

The National Index of Functional Literacy - 2001: examining the differences between men and women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work is part of a group of studies in the educational field that investigate the differences in the results obtained by men and women in educational researches. The National Index of Functional Literacy is composed from a test of 20 questions of varying difficulty that measure how people make use of reading and writing in their daily activities. It

Amélia Cristina; Abreu Artes

2007-01-01

374

Lifelong Learning for Jobs. A National Workplace Literacy Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Workplace Literacy Project described in this report was a cooperative effort between Piedmont Community College (Roxboro, North Carolina) and two textile manufacturing industries, the Cavel Division of Collins & Aikman Corporation (Roxboro), and the Burlington House Division of Burlington Industries (Burlington, North Carolina).…

Piedmont Community Coll., Roxboro, NC.

375

Guidance for Year 6 Pupils. 2001 Revision. The National Literacy Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

England's National Literacy and Numeracy Strategies are designed to raise standards for all pupils. Though the skills they address are basic and need to be built up throughout the primary years, at the early stage of implementing the strategies, many older pupils will not have reached the standards expected of Year 6 pupils in future years. This…

Department for Education and Skills, London (England).

376

Proceedings of the National Technological Literacy Conference (11th, Arlington, VA, February 8-11, 1996).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The papers in this volume represent a sampling of the perspectives shared at the 1996 National Technological Literacy Conference. The papers are divided into two sections. Section 1, "STS [science, technology, and society]: Philosophical and Sociological Perspectives," includes: (1) "Relevant Science: STS-Oriented Science Courses for All Students"…

Cheek, Dennis W., Ed.; Cheek, Kim A., Ed.

377

Middle School Assessments that Contribute to Literacy Goals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessment in physical education is not new. What is new is a national focus on teacher evaluation systems that include the use of student achievement scores from administered assessments. An additional educational focus is on the implementation of Common Core Learning Standards in all subject areas, including physical education. Physical…

Mercier, Kevin; Whitley, Meredith A.; Manson, Mara

2014-01-01

378

Brookhaven National Laboratory Internship Program  

E-print Network

1 Brookhaven National Laboratory Internship Program New Appointment should the intern contact if they cannot come in? How? ___________________________________ What What project will the intern be collaborating on? _____________________________________________ What

Ohta, Shigemi

379

Nicaragua: Literacy and Revolution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A national adult literacy program was established in Nicaragua in 1979, after the Sandanista revolution, as part of a plan for socio-economic development. Program development, implementation and evaluation methods, curriculum content, educational methodology, and teacher training methods are described. (AM)

Cardenal, Fernando; Miller, Valerie

1982-01-01

380

NATIONAL TOXICOLOGY PROGRAM (NTP) DATA  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Toxicology Program (NTP) was established in 1978 by the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) to coordinate toxicological testing programs within the department, strengthen the science base in toxicology; develop and validate improved testing methods; and pr...

381

National Water Quality Assessment Program; preliminary assessment of nitrate distribution in ground water in the Georgia-Florida Coastal Plain study unit, 1972-90  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey has implemented the National Water Quality Assessment program to describe the quality of the surface- and ground- water resources in 60 large areas or study units in the Nation. The Georgia-Florida Coastal Plain study unit was one of the first 20 selected for study when the full-scale program was implemented in 1991. The study unit has an area of about 54,000 square miles and is located on the south- eastern coast of the United States. The primary source of water supply in this study unit is ground-water from the Upper Floridan aquifer of the Floridan aquifer system. The Upper Floridan aquifer is unconfined or semiconfined in some parts of the study unit, but in other parts is confined by the overlying surficial aquifer system and other confining units. The surficial aquifer system is also used for water supply in some parts of the study unit. Three land-resource areas have been delineated in the study unit on the basis of generalized soil classifications: the Central Florida Ridge, Coastal Flatwoods, and Southern Coastal Plain. Predominant land use and land cover as classified in the 1970's, are forest, agriculture, wetlands, and urban. Nitrate data for water from the Upper Floridan aquifer and the surficial aquifer system were obtained from the National Water Information System data base of the U.S. Geological Survey for the years 1972- 90. In the Upper Floridan aquifer, the highest median nitrate (as nitrogen) concentrations (0.43 and 0.26 milligrams per liter) were in water samples from wells in agricultural and urban areas where the aquifer was unconfined or semiconfined. The maximum contaminant level for nitrate (as nitrogen) in drinking water of 10 milligrams per liter was exceeded in 25 of the 726 water samples from this aquifer. These 25 samples were from wells in urban areas. In water samples from the surficial aquifer system, the highest median nitrate concentration, 8.7 milligrams per liter, was for water samples from agricultural areas in the Central Florida Ridge area. Nitrate (as nitrogen) concentrations exceeded 10 milligrams per liter in 50 of the 421 water samples from wells completed in the surficial aquifer system. Most of these 50 water samples were from wells in agricultural and urban areas (sewage spraying areas) in the Central Florida Ridge area.

Berndt, M. P.

1993-01-01

382

Climate Literacy Initiatives as part of the TXESS (TeXas Earth and Space Science) Revolution Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For four years the National Science Foundation (NSF)-sponsored TeXas Earth and Space Science (TXESS) Revolution professional development program has helped teachers build a solid foundation in the geosciences through guided inquiry activities and lectures delivered by science experts. The professional development program comprises eight professional development academies and two summer institutes. Climate literacy has been a cross-cutting theme throughout the series of academies and institutes. Although we present a special emphasis on climate literacy in the 7th academy on Climate Change, the 8th academy on Humans at the Helm and the 2nd summer institute module on climate mitigation technology, activities related to climate literacy are woven into each academy. Examples of climate as a cross-cutting theme include a module on water and drought, including research on climate change through the analysis of deep-sea cores, and the effects on the Mayan population. Our distinguished lecturers bring in climate literacy as part of their presentations and programs: our Poking Holes into the Planet and Team Science professional development academy included two distinguished lecturers who brought current research results and educational materials from the ANDRILL (Antarctic Geological Drilling) program and the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program. Our Earth as a Habitable Planet professional development academy featured an activity on corals that used data to explore how higher than normal sea surface temperatures contribute to coral bleaching events. TXESS Revolution also works with our teachers to link them with other opportunities aligned with our professional development goals. With our assistance, one of our TXESS Revolution teachers sailed as part of the science team on Integrated Ocean Drilling Program expedition 317 to investigate sea level fluctuations in the Canterbury Basin offshore New Zealand, creating various resources (e.g., podcasts, blogs) to multiply the impact of her experience. TXESS Revolution teachers are also involved in two curriculum development projects led by TERC on Change Over Time (emphasis on the cryosphere) and Earth System Science: The Key to Climate Literacy with funding from NSF and NASA, respectively. With efforts such as these, the project is bringing improved climate literacy to 170 teachers from rural, suburban, and urban schools across Texas. These teachers reach a geographically, economically and ethnically diverse group of about 17,000 K-12 students of which 67% are minorities, a result that compares favorably with the demographics of the Texas school age population, currently 65.3 % minority.

Olson, H. C.; Ellins, K. K.; Snow, E.; Bryant, S. L.; Olson, J. E.; Castillo Comer, C. A.; Willis, M.; Odell, M.; Stocks, E.

2010-12-01

383

Evaluating the "Spirit" and "Letter" of Formative Assessment in the Learning Cultures of Part-Time Adult Literacy and Numeracy Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research and development on formative assessment has paid little attention to part-time adult basic education in informal community-based settings. A three-year project funded by the Nuffield Foundation, the National Research Development Centre for Adult Literacy and Numeracy, and the Quality Improvement Agency addresses that gap in vocational and…

Derrick, Jay; Gawn, Judith; Ecclestone, Kathryn

2008-01-01

384

Education Program for Ph.D. Course to Cultivate Literacy and Competency  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The program aims to cultivate internationally competitive young researchers equipped with Fundamental attainment (mathematics, physics, chemistry and biology, and fundamental social sciences) , Specialized knowledge (mechanical dynamics, mechanics of materials, hydrodynamics, thermodynamics, design engineering, manufacturing engineering and material engineering, and bird?s-eye view knowledge on technology, society and the environment) , Literacy (Language, information literacy, technological literacy and knowledge of the law) and Competency (Creativity, problem identification and solution, planning and execution, self-management, teamwork, leadership, sense of responsibility and sense of duty) to become future leaders in industry and academia.

Yokono, Yasuyuki; Mitsuishi, Mamoru

385

Annual report of the Environmental Restoration Monitoring and Assessment Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory for FY 1992  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the salient features of the annual efforts of the investigations and monitoring, conducted to support the Environmental Restoration (ER) Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The results presented can be used to develop a conceptual understanding of the key contaminants and the sources, fluxes, and processes affecting their distribution and movement. This information forms a basis for prioritizing sites and for selecting, implementing, and evaluating remedial actions. Groundwater, soils, sediments, and surface water monitoring results are described.

Clapp, R.B. (ed.)

1992-09-01

386

Biotic, water-quality, and hydrologic metrics calculated for the analysis of temporal trends in National Water Quality Assessment Program Data in the Western United States  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey's National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program was established by Congress in 1991 to collect long-term, nationally consistent information on the quality of the Nation's streams and groundwater. The NAWQA Program utilizes interdisciplinary and dynamic studies that link the chemical and physical conditions of streams (such as flow and habitat) with ecosystem health and the biologic condition of algae, aquatic invertebrates, and fish communities. This report presents metrics derived from NAWQA data and the U.S. Geological Survey streamgaging network for sampling sites in the Western United States, as well as associated chemical, habitat, and streamflow properties. The metrics characterize the conditions of algae, aquatic invertebrates, and fish. In addition, we have compiled climate records and basin characteristics related to the NAWQA sampling sites. The calculated metrics and compiled data can be used to analyze ecohydrologic trends over time.

Wiele, Stephen M.; Brasher, Anne M.D.; Miller, Matthew P.; May, Jason T.; Carpenter, Kurt D.

2012-01-01

387

The 1987 state-by-state assessment of low-level radioactive wastes received at commercial disposal sites: National Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Low-Level Waste Management Program has published nine annual State-by-State Assessment Reports since 1979. These reports provide both national and state-specific disposal data on low-level radioactive wastes. Data in this report are divided into generator categories, waste classes, volumes, and activities. Included in this report are tables showing a distribution of wastes by state for 1987 and a comparison of

A. K. Tyron-Hopko; C. B. Ozaki

1988-01-01

388

Ground-Water Data-Collection Protocols and Procedures for the National Water-Quality Assessment Program: Collection and Documentation of Water-Quality Samples and Related Data  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Protocols for ground-water sampling are described in a report written in 1989 as part of the pilot program for the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). These protocols have been reviewed and revised to address the needs of the full-scale implementation of the NAWQA Program that began in 1991. This report, which is a collaborative effort between the NAWQA Program and the USGS Office of Water Quality, is the result of that review and revision. This report describes protocols and recommended procedures for the collection of water-quality samples and related data from wells for the NAWQA Program. Protocols and recommended procedures discussed include (1) equipment setup and other preparations for data collection; (2) well purging and field measurements; (3) collecting and processing ground-water-quality samples; (4) equipment decontamination; (5) quality-control sampling; and (6) sample handling and shipping.

Koterba, Michael T.; Wilde, Franceska D.; Lapham, Wayne W.

1995-01-01

389

Assessment Literacy Development: Identifying Gaps in Teacher Candidates' Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a result of the standards-based movement in education there is an increased need for teacher competency in the area of student assessment and evaluation. This study examines assessment education at one pre-service teacher education program in Ontario, Canada. Through a questionnaire administered to 288 teacher candidates, this study identified…

DeLuca, Christopher; Klinger, Don A.

2010-01-01

390

Continuing the Exploration of Books: A Family Literacy Program for Challenged Adults. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A family literacy program was developed for families containing young children and learning-challenged adults whose limited reading skills made it impossible for them to read aloud to their children. The program's primary objective was to upgrade the parents' reading skills and knowledge of children's literature. The program was staffed by a…

Doctor Gertrude A. Barber Center, Erie, PA.

391

Incorporating data literacy into information literacy programs: Core competencies and contents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growing importance of data in society in general and scientific domains in particular, mirrored in the Open Data initiative and in the advent of eScience, requires public, school and academic libraries to contribute to both data and information literacy, as part of their mission to further knowledge and innovation in their respective fields of action. No specific library standards

2013-01-01

392

Building Sustainable Adult Literacy Provision: A Review of International Trends in Adult Literacy Policy and Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document summarizes an extensive study of policies and practices in adult literacy and adult basic education in a number of countries undertaken by Rosa McKenna and Lynne Fitzpatrick. The original study contains considerably greater detail and analyses issues on a country-by-country basis. The countries studied--Canada, the Republic of…

McKenna, Rosa; Fitzpatrick, Lynne

2004-01-01

393

No Quick Fix: Rethinking Literacy Programs in America's Elementary Schools. Language and Literacy Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responding to the growing consensus among researchers and educators that prevention of learning problems makes more sense than remediation, this book presents essays that suggest ways to improve literacy instruction for all children, particularly those who are at risk. Essays in the book discuss practical matters such as funding, curriculum,…

Allington, Richard L., Ed.; Walmsley, Sean A., Ed.

394

Classroom implications of recent research into literacy development: from predictors to assessment.  

PubMed

We outline how research into predictors of literacy underpins the development of increasingly accurate and informative assessments. We report three studies that emphasize the crucial role of speech and auditory skills on literacy development throughout primary and secondary school. Our first study addresses the effects of early childhood middle ear infections, the potential consequences for speech processing difficulties and the impact on early literacy development. Our second study outlines how speech and auditory skills are crucially related to early literacy in normally developing readers, whereas other skills such as motor, memory and IQ are only indirectly related. Our third study outlines the on-going impact of phonological awareness on reading and wider academic achievement in secondary-school pupils. Finally, we outline how teachers can use the current research to inform them about which assessments to conduct, and how to interpret the results. PMID:19097039

Shapiro, Laura R; Hurry, Jane; Masterson, Jackie; Wydell, Taeko N; Doctor, Estelle

2009-02-01

395

A Case Study of Bi-Literacy Development among Children Enrolled in an Italian-English Dual Language Program in Southern California  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines bi-literacy development among 60 children enrolled in an Italian-English dual language (DL) program in Southern California. Using a variety of measures including (1) oral reading fluency (ORF), (2) accuracy scores, and (3) standardized test for the assessment of reading (STAR) test's estimates of reading ability for…

Montanari, Simona

2014-01-01

396

The Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments (RISA) Program, Climate Services, and Meeting the National Climate Change Adaptation Challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

The NOAA-led RISA Program has grown steadily to nine regions and a focus that includes both natural climate variability and human-driven climate change. The RISAs are, at their core, university-based and heavily invested in partnerships, particularly with stakeholders, NOAA, and other federal agencies. RISA research, assessment and partnerships have led to new operational climate services within NOAA and other agencies,

J. T. Overpeck; B. Udall; E. Miles; K. Dow; C. Anderson; D. Cayan; M. Dettinger; H. Hartmann; J. Jones; P. Mote; A. Ray; M. Shafer; D. White

2008-01-01

397

A Policy Analysis of Adult Literacy Education in India: Across the Two National Policy Reviews of 1968 and 1986.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There have been few, if any, significant changes in educational policy regarding the provision of adult literacy education in India over the past two decades. The changes that have taken place in India's adult literacy programs have occurred in the realm of technology rather than ideology, thereby supporting a continuity in the existing…

Bhola, H. S.

398

Balancing the Assessment "of" Learning and "for" Learning in Support of Student Literacy Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a delicate balance between the assessment of learning and assessment for learning. The recommendations included in this Assessment department may be useful for teachers working to achieve this balance and find a more accurate and complete understandings of students' literacy strengths and needs.

Edwards, Patricia A.; Turner, Jennifer D.; Mokhtari, Kouider

2008-01-01

399

Cook It Up! A community-based cooking program for at-risk youth: overview of a food literacy intervention  

PubMed Central

Background In Canada, there are limited occasions for youth, and especially at-risk youth, to participate in cooking programs. The paucity of these programs creates an opportunity for youth-focused cooking programs to be developed, implemented, and evaluated with the goal of providing invaluable life skills and food literacy to this potentially vulnerable group. Thus, an 18-month community-based cooking program for at-risk youth was planned and implemented to improve the development and progression of cooking skills and food literacy. Findings This paper provides an overview of the rationale for and implementation of a cooking skills intervention for at-risk youth. The manuscript provides information about the process of planning and implementing the intervention as well as the evaluation plan. Results of the intervention will be presented elsewhere. Objectives of the intervention included the provision of applied food literacy and cooking skills education taught by local chefs and a Registered Dietitian, and augmented with fieldtrips to community farms to foster an appreciation and understanding of food, from 'gate to plate'. Eight at-risk youth (five girls and three boys, mean age = 14.6) completed the intervention as of November 2010. Pre-test cooking skills assessments were completed for all participants and post-test cooking skills assessments were completed for five of eight participants. Post intervention, five of eight participants completed in-depth interviews about their experience. Discussion The Cook It Up! program can provide an effective template for other agencies and researchers to utilize for enhancing existing programs or to create new applied cooking programs for relevant vulnerable populations. There is also a continued need for applied research in this area to reverse the erosion of cooking skills in Canadian society. PMID:22085523

2011-01-01

400

National Assessment Measuring American Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A selection of articles on National Assessment of Educational Progress, which measures American education, is presented with varying points of view. The introductory editorial reflects on the progress of National Assessment in measuring learning and in achieving its goal of sound rational decisions about the future of American education. The…

Compact, 1972

1972-01-01

401

Health Literacy and the Millennium Development Goals: United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) Regional Meeting Background Paper (Abstracted)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses a health literacy “lens” to look at key global health challenges, including the achievement of health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the reduction of disease burden due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Available global evidence is summarized related to: assessment of the impact of health literacy on health and development; identification of measures for reporting progress; exploring ways

2010-01-01

402

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Science and Engineering Apprentice Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Science and Engineering Apprentice Program for high school students is one of NASA's many efforts toward a goal of scientific literacy. It embraces science, mathematics, and technology as keys to purposeful and sustained progress and security for our nation and its people. It serves as a model for helping reform education by striving to address mechanisms to influence the knowledge, skills, and attitudes of our students. It focuses on what to do today to meet the challenges of tomorrow.

1997-01-01

403

Assessing the National Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this collection, educators from the United Kingdom debate the history, purposes, achievements, and future direction of the National Curriculum. Differing points of view about the value of the National Curriculum are expressed. More than half of the essays focus on specific aspects of the curriculum. The selections are: (1) "What Place for…

O'Hear, Philip, Ed.; White, John, Ed.

404

Guidebook for Effective Literacy Practice, 1983-1984.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guidebook is designed to provide current, detailed information on effective literacy practices. The National Adult Literacy Project's program survey design is described in Chapter 1, with a summary of results from a sample of 213 programs. Chapter 2 focuses on the program selection and onsite interview process, from which the portraits of 31…

Crandall, David P.; And Others

405

National Estuary Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Estuaries are places where rivers meet the sea and are critical to the health of coastal environments and our enjoyment of them. Website features abundant information on the legal and scientific aspects of estuary preservation. Includes guidelines, program profiles, and a shorter version in Spanish. Resources for teachers and students include games and activities. External links to additional programs also provided.

406

Documenting Instructional Practices in a Literacy-infused Arts Program: Respecting Pedagogues from the Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the instructional practices around literacy that characterized the work of a community based arts program designed for urban adolescents. Two primary sources of data were collected: field notes on approximately 35 hours of instruction spread across seven months and interviews with the program's staff and students. Four…

Brooks, Wanda; Smith, Michael W.

2013-01-01

407

Exito Bilingue: Promoting Spanish Literacy in a Dual Language Immersion Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers in a Spanish/English dual language elementary school in Tucson (Arizona) promote Spanish literacy using a school-designed program. The schoolwide, nonscripted program has been successful in supporting the transfer of reading skills from Spanish to English and in including special education students in dual language schooling. (Contains 33…

Smith, Patrick H.; Arnot-Hopffer, Elizabeth

1998-01-01

408

Unique Effects of a Family Literacy Program on the Early Reading Development of English Language Learners  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: The present study evaluated the effects of a Family Literacy program on the early English reading development of speakers of English as a first language (EL1s) and English language learners (ELLs). The study included a linguistically and culturally diverse sample of 132 kindergarten children and their parents. Families in the experimental group participated in a 9-week intervention program

Sarah Harper; Amy Platt; Janette Pelletier

2011-01-01

409

Deaf Literacy Program. Final Section 353 Project Report Summary. Fiscal Year 1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Deaf Adult Literacy program was created to meet the educational needs of deaf and hearing-impaired adult learners. The program was structured by an advisory committee of learners and teachers and was based on a model of bilingual education. All instruction was provided in American Sign Language (ASL) by teachers who were themselves deaf-native…

Brown Univ., Providence, RI.

410

Finding Voice: Shared Decision Making and Student Leadership in a Family Literacy Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on literature in participatory adult education, this article reports the findings from a collaborative research project exploring family literacy participants' experiences in their program's parent advisory council. The findings reveal that involvement in the council enhanced program effectiveness, increased learners' investment in the…

Toso, Blaire Willson; Prins, Esther; Drayton, Brendaly; Gnanadass, Edith; Gungor, Ramazan

2009-01-01

411

Older College Students as Tutors for Adult Learners in an Urban Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a university literacy tutorial program in which older adult college students received tutor training and then carried out one-to-one reading tutorials with adult male learners who were rehabilitating addicts. Offers two case studies, and shows that the program had a significant impact on tutors' commitment to community volunteerism and…

Ntiri, Daphne W.

1999-01-01

412

Understanding the Long-Term Benefits of a Latino Financial Literacy Education Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The long-term impact of a Latino financial literacy program was evaluated with a sample of relatively recent immigrant populations in southern Minnesota. Telephone and face-to-face interviews were conducted with participants 6 months post program completion. Results indicate that improvements in knowledge and skills were retained and that these…

Meraz, Antonio Alba; Petersen, Cindy M.; Marczak, Mary S.; Brown, Arthur; Rajasekar, Neeraj

2013-01-01

413

The Effects of Using Interactive Teaching Programs on Preschool Children's Literacy Development: Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents findings of a case study that investigates the effects of using interactive teaching programs on literacy development for preschool children. The significant of this study comes from the lack of studies associated with using interactive teaching programs for preschool children in Saudi Arabia. Data are presented from analyzing…

Gahwaji, Nahla M.

2011-01-01

414

Quarterly Report for LANL Activities: FY12-Q2 National Risk Assessment Partnership (NRAP): Industrial Carbon Capture Program  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes progress of LANL activities related to the tasks performed under the LANL FWP FE102-002-FY10, National Risk Assessment Partnership (NRAP): Industrial Carbon Capture Program. This FWP is funded through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). Overall, the NRAP activities are focused on understanding and evaluating risks associated with large-scale injection and long-term storage of CO{sub 2} in deep geological formations. One of the primary risks during large-scale injection is due to changes in geomechanical stresses to the storage reservoir, to the caprock/seals and to the wellbores. These changes may have the potential to cause CO{sub 2} and brine leakage and geochemical impacts to the groundwater systems. While the importance of these stresses is well recognized, there have been relatively few quantitative studies (laboratory, field or theoretical) of geomechanical processes in sequestration systems. In addition, there are no integrated studies that allow evaluation of risks to groundwater quality in the context of CO{sub 2} injection-induced stresses. The work performed under this project is focused on better understanding these effects. LANL approach will develop laboratory and computational tools to understand the impact of CO{sub 2}-induced mechanical stress by creating a geomechanical test bed using inputs from laboratory experiments, field data, and conceptual approaches. The Geomechanical Test Bed will be used for conducting sensitivity and scenario analyses of the impacts of CO{sub 2} injection. The specific types of questions will relate to fault stimulation and fracture inducing stress on caprock, changes in wellbore leakage due to evolution of stress in the reservoir and caprock, and the potential for induced seismicity. In addition, the Geomechanical Test Bed will be used to investigate the coupling of stress-induced leakage pathways with impacts on groundwater quality. LANL activities are performed under two tasks: (1) develop laboratory and computational tools to understand CO{sub 2}-induced mechanical impacts and (2) use natural analog sites to determine potential groundwater impacts. We are using the Springerville-St. John Dome as a field site for collecting field data on CO{sub 2} migration through faults and groundwater impacts as well as developing and validating computational models. During the FY12 second quarter we have been working with New England Research Company to construct a tri-axial core-holder. We have built fluid control system for the coreflood system that can be ported to perform in-situ imaging of core. We have performed numerical simulations for groundwater impacts of CO{sub 2} and brine leakage using the reservoir model for Springerville-St John's Dome site. We have analyzed groundwater samples collected from Springerville site for major ion chemistry and isotopic composition. We are currently analyzing subsurface core and chip samples acquired for mineralogical composition.

Pawar, Rajesh J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-04-17

415

What Can Workplace Literacy Programs Realistically Be Expected to Accomplish, and How Do We Determine What This Should Be?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most corporate funds for workplace literacy programs are invested in intermediate literate workers. Questions regarding these learners concern what should be expected of them; what they should expect of workplace literacy programs; who or what should determine these criteria; and ramifications of the answers. Issues that affect the answers are the…

Galin, Jeffrey R.

416

State Administration of the Even Start Family Literacy Program: Structure, Process and Practices. Doc # 2003-14  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Even Start Family Literacy Program addresses the basic educational needs of parents and children from birth through age seven from low-income families. The program provides unified, multi-component services consisting of (1) interactive literacy activities between parents and their children; (2) training for parents to be the primary teachers…

Tao, Fumiyo; Ricciuti, Anne; St.Pierre, Robert

2003-01-01

417

Instruction to Help Young Children Develop Language and Literacy Skills: The Roles of Program Design and Instructional Guidance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the kinds of instructional activities that young children need to develop basic language and literacy skills based on recent research and program evaluations. This includes approaches to develop alphabetic understanding, phonological awareness, vocabulary, and oral language. Activities and materials from the Pre-kindergarten Literacy program are provided as examples of methods preschool teachers can use to help young

Barbara Gunn; Patricia Vadasy; Keith Smolkowski

2011-01-01

418

An Analysis of Factors Influencing Urbanite Woman Learner-Participation in Functional Literacy Programs in Selected Christian Churches, Accra  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The promotion of adult functional literacy programs per se, neither creates the necessary motivation for learning, nor enhances the participation of adult learners in work-oriented or socio-cultural functional literacy programs. The task in learning-teaching transaction is to create the enabling environment for harnessing and enhancing…

Saah, Albert Amoah

2013-01-01

419

Models of Excellence in Adult Learning. Recipients of the 1994 Secretary's Award for Outstanding Adult Education and Literacy Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet profiles the 10 recipients of the 1994 Secretary of Education's Award for Outstanding Adult Education and Literacy Programs. The following programs are profiled: Portland Adult Education (Portland, Maine); The Center for Literacy, Inc. (Philadelphia); James H. Groves Adult High School (Dover, Delaware); Adult Basic Skills Education…

Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC. Div. of Adult Education and Literacy.

420

1996 Assessment Results: Technology Transfer Network National Air Toxics Assessment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Clean Air Act was amended in 1990, mandating that the Environmental Protection Agency create the National-Scale Air Toxics Screening Assessment program. The screening was to include inventory, air concentration measurements, and nationwide exposure to 33 airborne toxins, along with characterization of the public health risks of this exposure. This site is the latest release from the screening assessment program, covering 1996 results. The results are presented as color maps (users can input the geographic area and pollutant), tables (Excel or .pdf), and data summaries of emission densities and modelled ambient concentrations. The site also provides models of human exposure to pollutants and resulting health risks.

421

Annual report of the Environmental Restoration Monitoring and Assessment Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory for FY 1992. Environmental Restoration Program  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the salient features of the annual efforts of the investigations and monitoring, conducted to support the Environmental Restoration (ER) Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The results presented can be used to develop a conceptual understanding of the key contaminants and the sources, fluxes, and processes affecting their distribution and movement. This information forms a basis for prioritizing sites and for selecting, implementing, and evaluating remedial actions. Groundwater, soils, sediments, and surface water monitoring results are described.

Clapp, R.B. [ed.

1992-09-01

422

Assessment Plan Program Information  

E-print Network

will results be reported (e.g. percentages, ranks, state or national comparisons) and what are the expected in the program? At what developmental stage is it covered (Beginning, Middle, or End)? Student Learning Outcomes, such as in a capstone course #12;3. Methods, Instruments and Analysis. What instruments will be used over the five years

Hemmers, Oliver

423

Development and Evaluation of a Genetics Literacy Assessment Instrument for Undergraduates  

PubMed Central

There is continued emphasis on increasing and improving genetics education for grades K–12, for medical professionals, and for the general public. Another critical audience is undergraduate students in introductory biology and genetics courses. To improve the learning of genetics, there is a need to first assess students' understanding of genetics concepts and their level of genetics literacy (i.e., genetics knowledge as it relates to, and affects, their lives). We have developed and evaluated a new instrument to assess the genetics literacy of undergraduate students taking introductory biology or genetics courses. The Genetics Literacy Assessment Instrument is a 31-item multiple-choice test that addresses 17 concepts identified as central to genetics literacy. The items were selected and modified on the basis of reviews by 25 genetics professionals and educators. The instrument underwent additional analysis in student focus groups and pilot testing. It has been evaluated using ?400 students in eight introductory nonmajor biology and genetics courses. The content validity, discriminant validity, internal reliability, and stability of the instrument have been considered. This project directly enhances genetics education research by providing a valid and reliable instrument for assessing the genetics literacy of undergraduate students. PMID:18202354

Bowling, Bethany Vice; Acra, Erin E.; Wang, Lihshing; Myers, Melanie F.; Dean, Gary E.; Markle, Glenn C.; Moskalik, Christine L.; Huether, Carl A.

2008-01-01

424

Impacts Analyses Supporting the National Environmental Policy Act Environmental Assessment for the Resumption of Transient Testing Program  

SciTech Connect

Environmental and health impacts are presented for activities associated with transient testing of nuclear fuel and material using two candidate test reactors. Transient testing involves irradiation of nuclear fuel or materials for short time-periods under high neutron flux rates. The transient testing process includes transportation of nuclear fuel or materials inside a robust shipping cask to a hot cell, removal from the shipping cask, pre-irradiation examination of the nuclear materials, assembly of an experiment assembly, transportation of the experiment assembly to the test reactor, irradiation in the test reactor, transport back to the hot cell, and post-irradiation examination of the nuclear fuel or material. The potential for environmental or health consequences during the transportation, examination, and irradiation actions are assessed for normal operations, off-normal (accident) scenarios, and transportation. Impacts to the environment (air, soil, and groundwater), are assessed during each phase of the transient testing process. This report documents the evaluation of potential consequences to the general public. This document supports the Environmental Assessment (EA) required by the U.S. National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) (42 USC Subsection 4321 et seq.).

Annette L. Schafer; Lloyd C. Brown; David C. Carathers; Boyd D. Christensen; James J. Dahl; Mark L. Miller; Cathy Ottinger Farnum; Steven Peterson; A. Jeffrey Sondrup; Peter V. Subaiya; Daniel M. Wachs; Ruth F. Weiner

2013-11-01

425

Popular Ideas, Attitudes, and Value Patterns Affecting Participation in Adult Literacy Programs in Slum Communities of Turkey: The Case of Nato Yolu Neighborhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the fact that there are nationwide literacy programs in Turkey in order to raise the literacy rate, the participation of illiterate individuals in these programs is not at a satisfactory level. This article is a study into the popular ideas, attitudes, and value patterns that negatively affect participation in literacy programs in a slum…

Yildiz, Ahmet

2008-01-01

426

National Toxicology Program  

MedlinePLUS

... of Research Databases, Searches & Other Resources Reports & Publications Pathology Tables for Peer Review Summaries & Associations of Study ... Assessment and Translation Nominate & Provide Input to NTP Pathology Tables for Peer Review Reports & Publications Report on ...

427

NATIONAL STATUS AND TRENDS PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

Since 1984, the National Status and Trends (NS&T) Program has monitored, on a national scale, spatial and temporal trends of chemical contamination and biological responses to that contamination. Temporal trends are being monitored through the Mussel Watch project that analyzes m...

428

Debt Literacy, Financial Experience, and Overindebtedness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a new dataset collected from a November 2007 survey, we analyze a national sample of Americans with respect to their debt literacy, financial experience, and their judgments about the level of their indebtedness. Debt literacy is measured by a set of questions testing knowledge of fundamental concepts related to debt and by a measure of self-assessed financial knowledge. Financial

Annamaria Lusardi; Peter Tufano

2008-01-01

429

Debt Literacy, Financial Experiences, and Overindebtedness  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze a national sample of Americans with respect to their debt literacy, financial experiences, and their judgments about the extent of their indebtedness. Debt literacy is measured by questions testing knowledge of fundamental concepts related to debt and by self-assessed financial knowledge. Financial experiences are the participants' reported experiences with traditional borrowing, alternative borrowing, and investing activities. Overindebtedness is

Annamaria Lusardi; Peter Tufano

2009-01-01

430

Health Literacy and Ophthalmic Patient Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1997, Ebrahimzadeh, Davalos, and Lee wrote in this journal that only 32% of the ophthalmic patient educational materials reviewed were written at or below the recommended eighth-grade reading level. Since that time, the National Assessment of Adult Literacy found that more than one-third of adult Americans possess only basic or below basic health literacy skills, defined as the ability

Kelly W. Muir; Paul P. Lee

2010-01-01

431

Becoming an Australian Citizen: Some Dimensions of Assessing a Citizenship-Type Literacy amongst Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper evaluates a 20-item assessment of citizenship literacy in an adult sample comprising 179 persons of English-speaking and non-English speaking background. The results indicated that the assessment was internally consistent and that as expected it distinguished English-speaking from non-English speaking participants. The pattern of…

Athanasou, James A.

2010-01-01

432

Bhutan National Values Assessment  

E-print Network

: the peaceful resolution of conflicts between individuals and groups; the creation of a sense of belonging that embraces all citizens; and the loyalty of citizens to the government of the nation. Dysfunction in this area leads to inter-ethnic or inter... of Bhutanese have been gifted a strong, dynamic nation by our forefathers. I am confident that as long as we are willing to work with their commitment and dedication and follow their example we can bring greater peace, happiness and prosperity to our...

Evans, Steve

2008-01-01

433

National Observer Program Communications and Outreach  

E-print Network

National Observer Program Communications and Outreach Strategy October 2006 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Marine Fisheries Service Office.1 Developing an Observer Program Outreach Strategy......................................... 5 2.2 National

434

The Center for Advancing Technology Succeeds with New Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of an effort to combat the persistent problem of adult illiteracy, the Center for Advancing Technology was initiated at Piedmont Community College (PCC) in North Carolina and charged with the design of an effective model of rural, adult education for use throughout the state. The first step in the development of the center's literacy

Bailey, Charles; Rentz, William D.

435

Visual Literacy: Implications for the Production of Children's Television Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Visual literacy, the integration of seeing with other cognitive processes, is an essential tool of learning. To explain the relationship between the perceiver and the perceived, three types of theories can be brought to bear: introverted; extroverted; and transactional. Franklin Fearing, George Herbert Mead, Martin Buber, and other theorists have…

Amey, L. J.

436

Computer Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE FOLLOWING IS THE FULL TEXT OF THIS DOCUMENT: After viewing many computer-literacy programs, we believe San Marcos Junior High School has developed a unique program which will truly develop computer literacy. Our hope is to give all students a comprehensive look at computers as they go through their two years here. They will not only learn the…

San Marcos Unified School District, CA.

437

Assessment of uranium potential for the NURE quadrangle evaluation program: the elicitation procedure. National Uranium Resource Evaluation  

SciTech Connect

The Data Integration Group (DIG), Bendix Field Engineering Corporation, Grand Junction Operations, devised a method of integrating the results of National Uranium Resource Evaluation (NURE) quadrangle evaluation with the assessment of potential uranium resources. The procedure requires an interactive meeting of the quadrangle principal investigator(s), US Department of Energy (DOE) regional geologists, and DIG personnel. This meeting consists of two parts: a technical discussion, designed to ensure proper application of recognition criteria in the definition of favorable environments; and an elicitation of endowment-estimating variables. A standardized format for eliciting subjective probability estimates of volume and grade factors from the principal investigator(s) of each quadrangle encourages unbiased estimates and ensures adequate tracking of the geologic rationale used in making the estimates. 5 figures. 1 table.

Mathews, G.W.; Marshall, S.F.; McClain, L.K.

1983-02-01

438

Reading National Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In England and Wales, a National Curriculum initiated in 1988 was designed to ensure that all schools provided a curriculum which represented different areas of knowledge. The past 20 years has increasingly seen more emphasis on the link between the financial amounts spent on education and subsequent return on this money. The impact of the…

Jones, Lex

439

National Assessments. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper answers a question about national diagnostic and placement tests that measure students' strengths and weaknesses so that they can recognize their strengths and improve their weaknesses. Some schools and districts described using placement tests, however, for the most part, the names of the specific tests were not given. In states such…

Education Partnerships, Inc., 2012

2012-01-01

440

An Overview of the Higher Education ICT Literacy Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Few would argue about the growing importance of information and communication technology (ICT) skills as a relatively new and distinct skill thataffects educational attainment, workforce readiness, and lifelong learning. There is less agreement, however, as to what these skills and knowledge are and how best to measure them. This paper outlines the design ofth e Higher Education ICT literacy

David M. Williamson; Irvin R. Katz; Irwin Kirsch

441

Formative Assessment for the Common Core Literacy Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: As implementation of the Common Core Literacy Standards moves ahead, teachers, students, and schools are discovering that the standards demand a great deal of them in order to achieve the vision of college, career, and citizenship in the global-digital world outlined in the standards. To accomplish the goals and high…

Calfee, Robert; Wilson, Kathleen M.; Flannery, Brian; Kapinus, Barbara A.

2014-01-01

442

Assessment of Health Literacy and Numeracy Among Spanish-speaking Parents of Young Children; Validation of the Spanish Parental Health Literacy Activities Test (PHLAT Spanish)  

PubMed Central

Objective To assess the health literacy and numeracy skills of Spanish-speaking parents of young children and to validate a new Spanish language health literacy assessment for parents, the Spanish Parental Health Literacy Activities Test (PHLAT-10 Spanish). Design/Methods Cross-sectional study of Spanish-speaking caregivers of young children (<30 months) enrolled at primary care clinics in 4 academic medical centers. Caregivers were administered the 10-item PHLAT in addition to validated tests of health literacy (S-TOFHLA) and numeracy (WRAT-3 Arithmetic). Psychometric analysis was used to examine item characteristics of the PHLAT-10 Spanish, to assess its correlation with sociodemographics and performance on literacy/numeracy assessments, and to generate a shorter 8-item scale (PHLAT-8). Results Of 176 caregivers, 77% had adequate health literacy (S-TOFHLA), while only 0.6% had 9th grade or higher numeracy skills. Mean PHLAT-10 score was 41.6% (SD 21.1). Fewer than half (45.5%) were able to read a liquid antibiotic prescription label and demonstrate how much medication to administer within an oral syringe. Less than a third (31.8%) were able to interpret a food label to determine whether it met WIC guidelines. Higher PHLAT-10 score was associated with higher years of education (r=0.49), S-TOFHLA (r=0.53) and WRAT-3 (r=0.55) scores (p<0.001). Internal reliability was good (KR-20=0.61). An 8-item scale was highly correlated with the full 10-item scale (r=0.97, p<0.001), with comparable internal reliability (KR-20= 0.64). Conclusions Many Spanish-speaking parents have difficulty carrying out health-related literacy and numeracy tasks. The Spanish PHLAT demonstrates good psychometric characteristics and may be useful for identifying parents who would benefit from receiving low-literacy child health information. PMID:22056223

Yin, H. Shonna; Sanders, Lee M.; Rothman, Russell L.; Mendelsohn, Alan L.; Dreyer, Benard P.; White, Richard O.; Finkle, Joanne P.; Prendes, Stefania; Perrin, Eliana M.

2011-01-01

443

Charting a Course to Earth System Science Literacy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Public literacy of fundamental ideas in Earth System Science (ESS) is immensely important, both because of its relevance to the daily lives of individual citizens and the role played by informed policy decisions related to water, energy, climate change, and hazards in securing our Nation's well-being and prosperity. The National Science Education Standards (NRC, 1996) argued that topics which comprise ESS also have tremendous value in providing context and meaning for the teaching of Biology, Chemistry, and Physics concepts and their applications, thereby serving the goals of the America COMPETES Act. Yet, as documented in the 2006 Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) results, the U.S. continues to lag significantly behind other developed nations in science literacy. A major obstacle to improving public ESS literacy, specifically, and strengthening science literacy, in general, is the fact that fewer than 30% of students in U.S. high schools take any courses related to ESS. Often, these courses are taught by teachers with limited preparation in this content area. A new grass-roots movement within the geoscience research and education communities, fueled by interagency collaboration, is seeking to overcome these obstacles and steer a new course for ESS education in the Nation. The Earth System Science Literacy Initiative (ESSLI) builds on recent efforts within portions of the geosciences community to reach consensus on what defines scientific literacy within their fields. Individual literacy frameworks now exist for the ocean, atmospheric science, Earth science, and climate topic areas, and others are under development. The essential principles and fundamental concepts articulated in these frameworks provide consistent core messages that can be delivered and reinforced not only through formal education channels, but also through informal education activities and the media, thereby avoiding the inherent obstacles of the formal education setting. Efforts underway to (1) integrate the individual literacy documents into a coherent, scientifically accurate ESS literacy framework that reflects the interactive complexity of Earth systems and (2) establish a new strategic plan for reforming ESS education in the U.S., in order to achieve such ESS literacy, will be described.

Karsten, J. L.; Koch, L.; Ridky, R.; Wei, M.; Ladue, N.

2008-12-01

444

Design of Cycle 3 of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program, 2013-2022: Part 1: Framework of Water-Quality Issues and Potential Approaches  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 1991, the U.S. Congress established the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program to develop long-term, nationally consistent information on the quality of the Nation's streams and groundwater. Congress recognized the critical need for this information to support scientifically sound management, regulatory, and policy decisions concerning the increasingly stressed water resources of the Nation. The long-term goals of NAWQA are to: (1) assess the status of water-quality conditions in the United States, (2) evaluate long-term trends in water-quality conditions, and (3) link status and trends with an understanding of the natural and human factors that affect water quality. These goals are national in scale, include both surface water and groundwater, and include consideration of water quality in relation to both human uses and aquatic ecosystems. Since 1991, NAWQA assessments and findings have fostered and supported major improvements in the availability and use of unbiased scientific information for decisionmaking, resource management, and planning at all levels of government. These improvements have enabled agencies and stakeholders to cost-effectively address a wide range of water-quality issues related to natural and human influences on the quality of water and potential effects on aquatic ecosystems and human health (http://water.usgs.gov/nawqa/xrel.pdf). NAWQA, like all USGS programs, provides policy relevant information that serves as a scientific basis for decisionmaking related to resource management, protection, and restoration. The information is freely available to all levels of government, nongovernmental organizations, industry, academia, and the public, and is readily accessible on the NAWQA Web site and other diverse formats to serve the needs of the water-resource community at different technical levels. Water-quality conditions in streams and groundwater are described in more than 1,700 publications (available online at http://water.usgs.gov/nawqa/bib/), and are documented by more than 14 million data records representing about 7,600 stream sites, 8,100 wells, and 2,000 water-quality and ecological constituents that are available from the NAWQA data warehouse (http://infotrek.er.usgs.gov/traverse/f?p=NAWQA:HOME:0). The Program promotes collaboration and liaison with government officials, resource managers, industry representatives, and other stakeholders to increase the utility and relevance of NAWQA science to decisionmakers. As part of this effort, NAWQA supports integration of data from other organizations into NAWQA assessments, where appropriate and cost-effective, so that more comprehensive findings are available across geographic and temporal scales.

Rowe, Gary L.; Belitz, Kenneth; Essaid, Hedeff I.; Gilliom, Robert J.; Hamilton, Pixie A.; Hoos, Anne B.; Lynch, Dennis D.; Munn, Mark D.; Wolock, David W.

2010-01-01

445

Procedures for Collecting and Processing Aquatic Invertebrates and Fish for Analysis of Mercury as Part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Mercury studies conducted as part of the U.S. Geological Survey's National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program have included nationwide reconnaissance samplings of hundreds of stream sites, as well as detailed, process-oriented research at selected sites. These reconnaissance and detailed studies are intended to provide a better understanding of methylmercury bioaccumulation in stream ecosystems over a range of environmental settings. This publication describes trace-element-clean techniques used for collection and processing of aquatic invertebrates and fish to be analyzed for total mercury, methylmercury, and stable isotopes as part of NAWQA studies.

Scudder, Barbara C.; Chasar, Lia C.; DeWeese, L. Rod; Brigham, Mark E.; Wentz, Dennis A.; Brumbaugh, William G.

2008-01-01

446

Financial Literacy of 15-Year-Olds: Results from PISA 2012. Data Point. NCES 2014-102  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Data Point uses data from the 2012 administration of the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) financial literacy assessment. PISA is an international assessment that measures 15-year-old students' reading, mathematics, and science literacy and, in 2012, general problem solving and financial literacy. PISA is coordinated by…

Gonzales, Patrick; Kelly, Dana

2014-01-01

447

Current and Future Professional Development Needs of the Language, Literacy and Numeracy Workforce. An Adult Literacy National Project Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The question of how the skills and knowledge of the adult language, literacy and numeracy workforce can be improved is particularly relevant in view of the ongoing debate on how language, literacy and numeracy skills should be taught. This study reflects on the professional development needs of the three sectors--vocational trainers, specialist…

Mackay, Sandra; Burgoyne, Ursula; Warwick, Diane; Cipollone, Jackie

2006-01-01

448

Developing Early Literacy: Report of the National Early Literacy Panel. Executive Summary. A Scientific Synthesis of Early Literacy Development and Implications for Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Assessment of Educational Progress reveals that 37 percent of U.S. fourth graders fail to achieve basic levels of reading achievement. In 1997, the U.S. Congress asked that a review of research be conducted to determine what could be done to improve reading and writing achievement. The resulting "Report of the National Reading Panel:…

Lonigan, Christopher J.; Shanahan, Timothy

2009-01-01

449

75 FR 81233 - National Climate Assessment Development and Advisory Committee; Establishment and Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...establishment of the National Climate Assessment Development and...establishment of the National Climate Assessment Development and...agencies in the U.S. Global Change Research Program. The NCADAC...First Draft of the National Climate Assessment Development...

2010-12-27

450

Literacy, Numeracy, and Problem Solving in Technology-Rich Environments among U.S. Adults: Results from the Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies 2012. First Look. NCES 2014-008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) is a cyclical, large scale study of adult skills and life experience focusing on education and employment that was developed and organized by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). In the United States, the study was conducted in 2011-12 with a…

Goodman, Madeline; Finnegan, Robert; Mohadjer, Leyla; Krenzke, Tom; Hogan, Jacquie

2013-01-01

451

Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Data from the National Renewable Energy Library and the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP)  

DOE Data Explorer

The SWERA Programme provides easy access to credible renewable energy data to stimulate investment in, and development of, renewable energy technologies. The Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) started in 2001 to advance the large-scale use of renewable energy technologies by increasing the availability and accessibility of high-quality solar and wind resource information. SWERA began as a pilot project with funding from the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and managed by the United Nations Environment Programme's (UNEP) Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (DTIE) in collaboration with more than 25 partners around the world. With the success of the project in 13 pilot countries SWERA expanded in 2006 into a full programme. Its expanded mission is to provide high quality information on renewable energy resources for countries and regions around the world, along with the tools needed to apply these data in ways that facilitate renewable energy policies and investments.[from the SWERA Guide at http://swera.unep.net/index.php?id=sweraguide_chp1] DOE and, in particular, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, has been a functioning partner from the beginning. NREL was part of the original technical team involved in mapping, database, and GIS activities. Solar, wind, and meteorological data for selected countries can be accessed through a variety of different tools and interfaces.

452

Measuring Situated Literacy Activity: Challenges and Promises  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the results of the development of a methodological approach to provide empirical evidence that family literacy programs "work." The assessment techniques were developed within the action research project Literacy for Life (LFL) that the authors designed and delivered for 12 months, working collaboratively with three different…

Purcell-Gates, Victoria; Anderson, Jim; Gagne, Monique; Jang, Kristy; Lenters, Kimberly A.; McTavish, Marianne

2012-01-01

453

National Environmental/Energy Workforce Assessment, Phase II, Post-Secondary Education Profile: Wastewater II (Multiple Degree Programs).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report, together with volume I (single degree programs), detail 105 post-secondary wastewater treatment programs from 33 states. These programs represent a sample, only, of the various programs available nationwide. Enrollment and graduate statistics are presented. The total number of faculty involved in all the programs surveyed was 1,106;…

National Field Research Center Inc., Iowa City, IA.

454

National Environmental/Energy Workforce Assessment, Phase II, Post-Secondary Education Profile: Wastewater I (Single Degree Programs).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report, together with volume II, (multiple degree programs), detail 105 post-secondary wastewater treatment programs from 33 states. These programs represent a sample, only, of the various programs available nationwide. Enrollment and graduate statistics are presented. The total number of faculty involved in all the programs surveyed was…

National Field Research Center Inc., Iowa City, IA.

455

1992 state-by-state assessment of low-level radioactive wastes received at commercial disposal sites. National Low-Level Waste Management Program  

SciTech Connect

Each year the National Low-Level Waste Management Program publishes a state-by-state assessment report. This report provides both national and state-specific disposal data on low-level radioactive waste commercially disposed in the United States. Data in this report are categorized according to disposal site, generator category, waste class, volumes, and radionuclide activity. Included in this report are tables showing the distribution of waste by state for 1992 and a comparison of waste volumes and radioactivity by state for 1988 through 1992; also included is a list of all commercial nuclear power reactors in the United States as of December 31, 1992. This report distinguishes between low-level radioactive waste shipped directly for disposal by generators and waste that was handled by an intermediary, a reporting change introduced in the 1988 state-by-state report.

Fuchs, R.L.; McDonald, S.D.

1993-09-01

456

Literacy 1969-1971. Progress Achieved in Literacy Throughout the World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The progress of adult literacy in United Nations member states from 1969 to 1971 is the subject of this report. Based largely upon replies to a questionnaire sent to governmental and nongovernmental groups, the report describes trends in literacy development using selected programs as examples. Problems to be overcome if reduction of illiteracy is…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

457

Design of Cycle 3 of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program, 2013-23: Part 2: Science plan for improved water-quality information and management  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report presents a science strategy for the third decade of the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program, which since 1991, has been responsible for providing nationally consistent information on the quality of the Nation's streams and groundwater; how water quality is changing over time; and the major natural and human factors that affect current water quality conditions and trends. The strategy is based on an extensive evaluation of the accomplishments of NAWQA over its first two decades, the current status of water-quality monitoring activities by USGS and its partners, and an updated analysis of stakeholder priorities. The plan is designed to address priority issues and national needs identified by NAWQA stakeholders and the National Research Council (2012) irrespective of budget constraints. This plan describes four major goals for the third decade (Cycle 3), the approaches for monitoring, modeling, and scientific studies, key partnerships required to achieve these goals, and products and outcomes that will result from planned assessment activities. The science plan for 2013–2023 is a comprehensive approach to meet stakeholder priorities for: (1) rebuilding NAWQA monitoring networks for streams, rivers, and groundwater, and (2) upgrading models used to extrapolate and forecast changes in water-quality and stream ecosystem condition in response to changing climate and land use. The Cycle 3 plan continues approaches that have been central to the Program’s long-term success, but adjusts monitoring intensities and study designs to address critical information needs and identified data gaps. Restoration of diminished monitoring networks and new directions in modeling and interpretative studies address growing and evolving public and stakeholder needs for water-quality information and improved management, particularly in the face of increasing challenges related to population growth, increasing demands for water, and changing land use and climate. However, a combination of funding growth and extensive collaboration with other USGS programs and other Federal, State, and local agencies, public interest groups, professional and trade associations, academia, and private industry will be needed to fully realize the monitoring and modeling goals laid out in this plan (USGS Fact Sheet 2013-3008).

Rowe, Gary L.; Belitzm, Kenneth; Demas, Charlie R.; Essaid, Hedeff I.; Gilliom, Robert J.; Hamilton, Pixie A.; Hoos, Anne B.; Lee, Casey J.; Munn, Mark D.; Wolock, David W.

2013-01-01

458

Unique Effects of a Family Literacy Program on the Early Reading Development of English Language Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: The present study evaluated the effects of a Family Literacy program on the early English reading development of speakers of English as a first language (EL1s) and English language learners (ELLs). The study included a linguistically and culturally diverse sample of 132 kindergarten children and their parents. Families in the…

Harper, Sarah; Platt, Amy; Pelletier, Janette

2011-01-01

459

Preparing Teachers of the 21st Century: Creating Technological Literacy in a Teacher Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the pre-service program at the University of Wisconsin-Green Bay, in which technology is a feature of the preservice teachers' first experiences in order to provide them with early opportunities to acquire technological literacy. Explains that throughout the Instructional Technologies course, undergraduate students focus on the use of…

Stokes, Sandra M.; Kaufman, Timothy U.; Lacey, Arthur

2003-01-01

460

LITERACY EDUCATION PROGRAM OF STUDY Reading Endorsement; Reading, Writing, and Literature K-12  

E-print Network

LIB 529 Young Adult Literature (5-12) 3 X X CI 520 Linguistics for Teachers (K-12) 3 x CI 524. Core courses (16 credits) DEPT # COURSE TITLE CRS Fall Winter Spring Summer CI 522 Literacy Foundations (psychology, history, theory & research) 4 X CI 529 School Reading Program Leadership 3 X CI 536 Language

461

Who's Learning What Words and How Fast? Preschoolers' Vocabulary Growth in an Early Literacy Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the composition of vocabulary and preschoolers' vocabulary learning in an early literacy program. Fifty-six children with typical achievement, with special needs, and at risk for disabilities participated. Curriculum-based measures (CBM) were used to track children's receptive and expressive vocabulary growth over three…

Roskos, Kathleen; Ergul, Cevriye; Bryan, Tanis; Burstein, Karen; Christie, James; Han, Myae

2008-01-01

462

Poverty, Residential Mobility, and Persistence across Urban and Rural Family Literacy Programs in Pennsylvania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates how poverty and residential mobility affect adult persistence and participation in family literacy (FL) programs. Combining data from interviews with directors and participants from a sample of FL sites in Pennsylvania, this study examines (a) the perceptions of practitioners and adult learners regarding the role of…

Schafft, Kai A.; Prins, Esther S.

2009-01-01

463

Opening Up the Black Box: Literacy Instruction in Schools Participating in Three Comprehensive School Reform Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines patterns of literacy instruction in schools adopting three of America's most widely disseminated comprehensive school reform (CSR) programs (the Accelerated Schools Project, America's Choice, and Success for All). Contrary to the view that educational innovations seldom affect teaching practices, the study found large…

Correnti, Richard; Rowan, Brian

2007-01-01

464

The Writing's on the Wall: Implementing a Municipal Workforce Literacy Program: An Organizer's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is intended for municipal managers, union representatives, and others interested in establishing workforce literacy programs (WFLPs). Content is based on the experience of five Canadian municipalities where WFLPs were established. Chapter 1 addresses the challenge for municipalities to manage change in the workplace and provides a…

Nutter, Patricia

465

Online Teacher Education: Exploring the Impact of a Reading and Literacy Program on Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study presents findings from an investigation of the impact of teachers who graduated from a fully online master's degree program with training in pedagogy and a content-specialization in elementary reading and literacy (oERL) on reading achievement in a large urban public school system in the northwestern United States. The research team…

Weschke, Barbara; Barclay, Raymond D.; Vandersall, Kirk

2011-01-01

466

Winning the Race against Technology: Implementing Literacy Programs in the Workplace.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual, which was developed on the basis of a 1990 workplace literacy program delivered to employees of Motorola, Inc., in Texas, is intended to serve as a guide to other adult education providers interested in creating partnerships with local companies. It is organized into eight chapters. The introductory chapter presents background…

Hammer-Cruz, Deborah

467

Perspectives on Family Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This joint publication of the journals of the Literacy Assistance Center (LAC) and the National Even Start Association (NESA) focuses on innovative practices and theory in family literacy education, offers an array of perspectives to members of the literacy community, and critically examines some assumptions about literacy in general, as well as…

Literacy Assistance Center, New York, NY.

468

Recasting the Role of Family Involvement in Early Literacy Development: A Response to the NELP Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors argue that the findings from the National Early Literacy Panel (NELP; 2008) report related to parent involvement and family literacy programs require further clarification. Based on an ideological view of literacy, the authors offer three recommendations that would provide a more accurate representation of parent involvement and family…

Dail, Alanna Rochelle; Payne, Rebecca L.

2010-01-01

469

Louisiana Literacy Forum II. Proceedings (New Orleans, Louisiana, March 12-13, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains the proceedings of the second Louisiana statewide conference on literacy, which spotlighted the national endeavors of literacy practitioners and providers, works, and programs. Based on participants' input from the first forum, special emphasis was placed on workplace and family literacy, public relations, and policy making.…

Louisiana Endowment for the Humanities, New Orleans.

470

National CARES Mentoring Movement: A Mentoring & Literacy Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National CARES Mentoring Movement (NCMM) is a call to commitment and action to the Black community to mentor its young, providing guidance and encouragement to build happy, productive and self-sustaining lives. Objectives include: (1) Connecting vulnerable Black youngsters with caring adults; (2) Communicating to at-risk youth that their…

Hawkins, B. Denise

2008-01-01

471

A NATIONAL COASTAL ASSESSMENT OF COASTAL SEDIMENT CONDITION  

EPA Science Inventory

One element of the Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program's National Coastal Assessment is to estimate the current status, extent, changes and trends in the condition of the Nation's coastal sediments on a national basis. Based on NCA monitoring activities from 1999-2001...

472

Stakeholder collaboration in the design and implementation of a family literacy portfolio assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Collaborative, participatory, and empowerment forms of evaluation advocate the inclusion of stakeholders in decision-making roles in the evaluation process; however; little in the literature describes the involvement of stakeholders in the design and implementation of evaluative tools for data collection. This case study describes the collaborative process and the lessons learned when the staff of a family literacy program and

Robert L. Johnson; Marjorie J. Willeke; Deila J. Steiner

1998-01-01

473

Stakeholder Collaboration in the Design and Implementation of a Family Literacy Portfolio Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Collaborative, participatory, and empowerment forms of evaluation advocate the inclusion of stakeholders in decision-making roles in the evaluation process; however; little in the literature describes the involvement of stakeholders in the design and implementation of evaluative tools for data collection. This case study describes the collaborative process and the lessons learned when the staff of a family literacy program and

Robert L. Johnson; Marjorie J. Willeke; Deila J. Steiner

1998-01-01

474

Jackson District Library, Final Performance Report for Library Services and Construction Act (LSCA) Title VI, Library Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final performance report provides project outcome information and data to the U.S. Department of Education for the federally-funded Library Literacy Program. The Jackson District Library (Michigan) conducted a project that involved recruitment, retention, public awareness, training, basic literacy, collection development, tutoring, employment…

Rosynek, Joy

475

It's as Easy as ABC: The Essential Elements of a Balanced Literacy Program. PreK-1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains patterns and activities designed to supplement core literacy instruction, showing students how to work together within large- and small-group settings, independently in learning centers, or at home with their parents. Section 1, "Essential Elements and Skills of a Balanced Literacy Program," provides ideas on how to create a…

Jarboe, Tracy; Sadler, Stefani

476

Bright Beginnings: An Effective Literacy-Focused PreK Program for Educationally Disadvantaged Four-Year-Old Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph describes the development, implementation, and outcomes of the full-day, literacy-focused Bright Beginnings program for disadvantaged preschoolers in the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools (CMS) in North Carolina. Key components of Bright Beginnings are a child-centered curriculum with strong language development and literacy emphasis,…

Smith, Eric J.; Pellin, Barbara J.; Agruso, Susan A.

477

Lexical Input to Young Children from Extremely Poor Communities in Argentina: Effects of a Home Literacy Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study analyzes the lexical properties of the linguistic context that children from marginalized urban neighborhoods from Buenos Aires, Argentina, are exposed to in the literacy situations generated by an at-home early literacy program. The analysis is focused on the comparison of the vocabulary that these children are exposed to daily with the…

Rosemberg, Celia Renata; Stein, Alejandra; Borzone, Ana Maria

2011-01-01

478

The Analysis of L1 Teaching Programs in England, Canada, the USA and Australia Regarding Media Literacy and Their Applicability to Turkish Language Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two basic approaches namely "independent lesson approach" and "integration approach" appear in teaching media literacy. Media literacy is regarded as a separate lesson in the education program like mathematics and social sciences in "independent lesson approach". However, in "integration approach",…

Tüzel, Sait

2013-01-01

479

Using a Data Chat to Teach Instructional Interventions: Student Perceptions of Data Literacy in an Assessment Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent public policy and research aimed at addressing student-achievement accountability in education may make it prudent for teacher-education programs to explicitly address data literacy as a valid outcome for their graduates. This article examines the changes in perceptions of comfort toward data-literacy behaviors before and after an…

Piro, Jody S.; Hutchinson, Cynthia J.

2014-01-01

480

Aligning science assessment items from the Iowa Testing Program batteries and the State Collaborative on Assessment and Student Standards with the National Science Education Content Standards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research study determined the nature and extent of alignment between science content standards and standardized assessments used to measure science proficiency. The alignment process involved external expert blind review and document analysis. Documents reviewed included the National Science Education Content Standards (NSECS), the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (ITBS), the Iowa Tests of Educational Development (ITED) and the State Collaborative on Assessment and Student Standards (SCASS). Webb's alignment criteria of Categorical Concurrence, Depth of Knowledge, Range of Knowledge Correspondance and Balance of Representation were used to determine acceptable alignment. A pilot study was conducted on Form B ITBS and ITED items and Phase II SCASS items. Inter-rater reliability was determined and consensus building dialogs were conducted. The three research questions were: What is the nature and extent of alignment between the NSECS and Form A ITBS, Levels 9--14? What is the nature and extent of alignment between the NSECS and Form ITED, Levels 15--17/18? What is the nature and extent of alignment between the NSECS and Phase III SCASS Science items? The major findings indicated that none of the assessments had comprehensive alignment of all of the NSECS. However, most did have acceptable categorical concurrence with Science as Inquiry, Physical Science, Life Science, Earth and Space Science. Most did not have acceptable Categorical Concurrence with Science and Technology, Science in Personal and Social Perspectives and History and Nature of Science. More than half of the assessment items were categorized Beyond Knowledge level of Bloom's Taxonomy (Depth of Knowledge). Of the standards with acceptable Categorical Concurrence between 43% and 86% of the fundamental components aligned (Range of Knowledge Correspondence). And the Index of Balance of representation indicated an equal distribution of the items across all of the fundamental components of the NSECS with acceptable alignment. Further implications and future research questions, in addition to an elaboration of the fundamental components assessed by each standardized assessment analyzed are explored in the paper.

Larson, Erica Dee

481

National Curriculum Assessment and Recording.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an academic achievement assessment program undertaken at an English comprehensive school. The assessment had three functions: (1) to ascertain the extent to which teaching and learning objectives are being met; (2) to identify pupils' strengths and weaknesses; and (3) to motivate pupils by giving them a regular sense of achievement. (CK)

Walker, Ron

1995-01-01

482

Guidelines for quality assurance and quality control of fish taxonomic data collected as part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Fish community structure is characterized by the U.S. Geological Survey's National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program as part of a perennial, multidisciplinary approach to evaluating the physical, chemical, and biological conditions of the Nation's water resources. The objective of quality assurance and quality control of fish taxonomic data that are collected as part of the NAWQA Program is to establish uniform guidelines and protocols for the identification, processing, and archiving of fish specimens to ensure that accurate and reliable data are collected. Study unit biologists, collaborating with regional biologists and fish taxonomic specialists, prepare a pre-sampling study plan that includes a preliminary faunal list and identification of an ichthyological curation center for receiving preserved fish specimens. Problematic taxonomic issues and protected taxa also are identified in the study plan, and collecting permits are obtained in advance of sampling activities. Taxonomic specialists are selected to identify fish specimens in the field and to assist in determining what fish specimens should be sacrificed, fixed, and preserved for laboratory identification, independent taxonomic verification, and long-term storage in reference or voucher collections. Quantitative and qualitative sampling of fishes follows standard methods previously established for the NAWQA Program. Common ichthyological techniques are used to process samples in the field and prepare fish specimens to be returned to the laboratory or sent to an institutional repository. Taxonomic identifications are reported by using a standardized list of scientific names that provides nomenclatural consistency and uniformity across study units.

Walsh, Stephen Joseph; Meador, Michael R.

1998-01-01

483

Fostering Environmental Literacy For A Changing Earth: Interactive and Participatory Outreach Programs at Biosphere 2  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Earth system and ecological sustainability problems are complex outcomes of biological, physical, social, and economic interactions. A common goal of outreach and education programs is to foster a scientifically literate community that possesses the knowledge to contribute to environmental policies and decision making. Uncertainty and variability that is both inherent in Earth system and ecological sciences can confound such goals of improved ecological literacy. Public programs provide an opportunity to engage lay-persons in the scientific method, allowing them to experience science in action and confront these uncertainties face-on. We begin with a definition of scientific literacy that expands its conceptualization of science beyond just a collection of facts and concepts to one that views science as a process to aid understanding of natural phenomena. A process-based scientific literacy allows the public, teachers, and students to assimilate new information, evaluate climate research, and to ultimately make decisions that are informed by science. The Biosphere 2 facility (B2) is uniquely suited for such outreach programs because it allows linking Earth system and ecological science research activities in a large scale controlled environment setting with outreach and education opportunities. A primary outreach goal is to demonstrate science in action to an audience that ranges from K-12 groups to retired citizens. Here we discuss approaches to outreach programs that focus on soil-water-atmosphere-plant interactions and their roles in the impacts and causes of global environmental change. We describe a suite of programs designed to vary the amount of participation a visitor has with the science process (from passive learning to data collection to helping design experiments) to test the hypothesis that active learning fosters increased scientific literacy and the creation of science advocates. We argue that a revised framing of the scientific method with a more open role for citizens in science will have greater success in fostering science literacy and produce a citizenry that is equipped to tackle complex environmental decision making.

Pavao-Zuckerman, M.; Huxman, T.; Morehouse, B.

2008-12-01

484

Charity Code Program Name Category 0315820 Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture Education & Literacy  

E-print Network

- Washington Park Arboretum Education & Literacy 1480919 University of Washington Access to Dental Care Health Education & Literacy 1480075 University of Washington Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine Fund Health & Medical & Literacy 0337127 Friends of KEXP Education & Literacy 1481380 Harborview Injury Prevention & Research

Borenstein, Elhanan

485

Students' Frames of Reference and Their Assessments of Interest for Statistical Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the influence of middle school students' frames of reference on their assessments of interest for statistical literacy. Based on the responses of 406 middle school students to a previously validated interest measure, the study explores students' use of "external"--perceived self-competency when compared with others--and…

Carmichael, Colin

2010-01-01

486

Defining the Language Assessment Literacy Gap: Evidence from a Parliamentary Inquiry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study identifies a unique context for exploring lay understandings of language testing and, by extension, for characterizing the nature of language assessment literacy among non-practitioners, stemming from data in an inquiry into the registration processes and support for overseas trained doctors by the Australian House of Representatives…

Pill, John; Harding, Luke

2013-01-01

487

Regional Accreditation Organizations' Treatment of Information Literacy: Definitions, Collaboration, and Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Content analysis of regional accrediting organizations Web-based resources reveals support for information literacy as an important student learning outcome and encouragement of partnerships between librarians and faculty in instruction and assessment. This study offers librarians, faculty, and administrators insight into how the library can…

Saunders, Laura

2007-01-01

488

Regional Accreditation Organizations' Treatment of Information Literacy: Definitions, Collaboration, and Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Content analysis of regional accrediting organizations Web-based resources reveals support for information literacy as an important student learning outcome and encouragement of partnerships between librarians and faculty in instruction and assessment. This study offers librarians, faculty, and administrators insight into how the library can support institutional missions and accreditation standards.

Laura Saunders

2007-01-01

489

Embedded Information Literacy in the Basic Oral Communication Course: From Conception through Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the process of embedding information literacy into a basic oral communication course. Discussion includes student performance as an impetus for change, collaborative course design between the oral communication teaching team and instructional librarians, and assessment initiatives. Suggestions for future collaborative work…

Weaver, Kari D.; Pier, Penni M.

2010-01-01

490

Assessment of Language and Literacy: A Process of Hypothesis Testing for Individual Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Older school-aged children and adolescents with persistent language and literacy impairments vary in their individual profiles of linguistic strengths and weaknesses. Given the multidimensional nature and complexity of language, designing an assessment protocol capable of uncovering linguistic variation is challenging. A process of…

Scott, Cheryl M.

2011-01-01

491

Assessment and Instruction of Oral Reading Fluency among Adults with Low Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We statistically examined the oral reading fluency of 295 adults with low literacy by analyzing total words read per minute and word error rates. We identified four fluency-ability groupings based on standardized assessments of reading-related skills (phonemic awareness, word recognition, vocabulary, comprehension, and general ability). Our…

Mellard, Daryl; Woods, Kari; Fall, Emily

2011-01-01

492

Can Academic Standards Boost Literacy and Close the Achievement Gap? Policy Brief, Fall 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Good jobs in the nation's twenty-first-century economy require advanced literacy skills such as categorizing, evaluating, and drawing conclusions from written texts. The adoption of the Common Core State Standards by nearly all the states, combined with tough literacy assessments that are now in the offing, will soon reveal that literacy skills of…

Haskins, Ron; Murnane, Richard; Sawhill, Isabel; Snow, Catherine

2012-01-01

493

Pathways to Labor Market Success: The Literacy Proficiency of U.S. Adults. Policy Information Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the fourth in a series of reports that draws upon the vast amount of background and assessment data and information that have been collected from the National Adult Literacy Survey (NALS) and the International Adult Literacy Survey (IALS). In this report, the authors find connections between the literacy skills of adults and their success…

Sum, Andrew; Kirsch, Irwin; Yamamoto, Kentaro

2004-01-01

494

Guidelines for collecting and processing samples of stream bed sediment for analysis of trace elements and organic contaminants for the National Water-Quality Assessment Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A major component of the U.S. Geological Survey's National Water-Quality Assessment program is to assess the occurrence and distribution of trace elements and organic contaminants in streams. The first phase of the strategy for the assessment is to analyze samples of bed sediments from depositional zones. Fine-grained particles deposited in these zones are natural accumulators of trace elements and hydrophobic organic compounds. For the information to be comparable among studies in many different parts of the Nation, strategies for selecting stream sites and depositional zones are critical. Fine-grained surficial sediments are obtained from several depositional zones within a stream reach and composited to yield a sample representing average conditions. Sample collection and processing must be done consistently and by procedures specifically designed to separate the fine material into fractions that yield uncontaminated samples for trace-level analytes in the laboratory. Special coring samplers and other instruments made of Teflon are used for collection. Samples are processed through a 2.0-millimeter stainless-steel mesh sieve for organic contaminate analysis and a 63-micrometer nylon-cloth sieve for trace-element analysis. Quality assurance is maintained by strict collection and processing procedures, duplicate samplings, and a rigid cleaning procedure.

Shelton, Larry R.; Capel, Paul D.

1994-01-01

495

National Integrated Water Quality Program Impact Report  

E-print Network

The Land-Grant University System National Integrated Water Quality Program Impact Report Regional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 CSREES National Integrated Water Quality Program . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 National Integrated Water Quality Network Map. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Regional Coordination Project Impacts

496

National Urbanization Monitoring Assessment (NUMA)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A core geographic science element of the U.S. Geological Survey's Geographic Analysis and Monitoring (GAM) Program is to monitor land-surface change for the Nation through time. The Nation's land surface is dynamically evolving and transitioning in response to natural and human processes. The need to understand the transformations and locations where changes are taking place, their underlying causes, and the rate at which the transitions are occurring is fundamental to the health and viability of the Nation's natural and developed environments.

Hester, Dave

2006-01-01

497

Ocean Literacy: Tools for Scientists and Educators to use in the Development of Education and Outreach Programs About the Ocean  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ocean sciences were idiosyncratically left out of the National Science Education Standards and most state standards, resulting in a decline in the public's attention to ocean issues. Concepts about the ocean are hardly taught in K-12 schools, and hardly appear in K-12 curriculum materials, textbooks, assessments or standards. NGS, COSEE, NMEA, NOAA, the US Commission on Ocean Policy, the Pew Ocean Commission have all urgently called for inclusion of the ocean in science standards as a means to increase ocean literacy nationwide. There has never been consensus, however, about what ocean literacy is or what concepts should be included in future standards. Scientists interested in education and outreach activities have not had a framework to guide them in prioritizing the content they present or in determining how that content fits into the context of what K-12 students and the public need to know about science in general. In 2004, an on-line workshop on Ocean Literacy Through Science Standards began the process of developing consensus about what that framework should include. Approximately 100 ocean scientists and educators participated in the workshop, followed by a series of meetings and extensive review by leading scientists, resulting in a series of draft documents and statements. The importance of community-wide involvement and consensus was reinforced through circulation of the draft documents for public comment April -May, 2005. The community agreed on an Ocean Literacy definition, tagline, seven ocean principles, 44 concepts and a matrix aligning the concepts to the National Science Education Standards (NSES). The elements are described in more detail in the final Ocean Literacy brochure. Broad ownership of the resulting documents is a tribute to the inclusiveness of the process used to develop them. The emerging consensus on Ocean Literacy has become an instrument for change, and has served as an important tool guiding the ocean sciences education efforts of scientists, educators, and most importantly, has provided a common language for scientists and educators working together. In this past year, a similar community-wide effort has been mounted to develop an "Ocean Literacy Scope and Sequence" to serve as a critical companion to "Ocean Literacy: The Essential Principles of Ocean Sciences Grades K-12." The Scope and Sequence shows how the principles and concepts develop and build in logical and developmentally sound learning progressions across grade spans K-12. This document will provide further guidance to teachers, curriculum developers, textbook writers, and ocean scientists, as to what concepts about the ocean are appropriate to introduce at various grade spans. It will show the relationship between the new discoveries of cutting edge science and the basic science concepts on which they are built and which students are accountable to understand. Those concerned about science education and about the future health of the ocean must be poised to influence the development of science standards by local educational agencies, state departments of education and professional societies and associations. In order to be effective, we must have tools, products, documents, web sites that contain agreed upon science content and processes related to the ocean.

Strang, C.; Lemus, J.; Schoedinger, S.

2006-12-01

498

Information "Literacies"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As communication technologies change, so do libraries. Library instruction programs are now focused on teaching information literacy, a term that may just as well be referred to as information "literacies." The new media age involves information in a wide variety of mediums. Educators everywhere are realizing media's power to communicate and…

Anderson, Byron

2007-01-01

499

Perspectives on Family Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that research has demonstrated the importance of parent-child interactions in developing literacy. Claims that parent literacy programs are effective in the children's literacy development. Proposes that research on the value of extensive interventions can suggest ways to improve parents' interactions with their children during the literacy

Saracho, Olivia N.

1997-01-01

500

Patterns of Literacy among U.S. Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How well do U.S. students read? In this article, Sean Reardon, Rachel Valentino, and Kenneth Shores rely on studies using data from national and international literacy assessments to answer this question. In part, the answer depends on the specific literacy skills assessed. The authors show that almost all U.S. students can "read" by third grade,…

Reardon, Sean F.; Valentino, Rachel A.; Shores, Kenneth A.

2012-01-01