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1

National Assessment Program, Information and Communication Technology Literacy 2008, Years 6 and 10: An Assessment Domain for ICT Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The second national sample assessment of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) literacy at Year 6 and Year 10 will occur in 2008. The assessment happens every three years and the first occurred in 2005. This document provides information about the ICT literacy assessment including: (1) Education Ministers' decisions regarding ICT; (2) the…

Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (NJ1), 2008

2008-01-01

2

National Assessment Program--Science Literacy Year 6 Report, 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2003 the first nationally-comparable science assessment was designed, developed and carried out under the auspices of the national council of education ministers, the Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (MCEETYA). In 2006 a second science assessment was conducted and, for the first time nationally, the…

Donovan, Jenny; Lennon, Melissa; O'Connor, Gayl; Morrissey, Noni

2008-01-01

3

Literacy in Everyday Life: Results from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy. NCES 2007-490  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL) assessed the English literacy skills of a nationally representative sample of more than 19,000 U.S. adults (age 16 and older) residing in households and prisons. NAAL is the first national assessment of adult literacy since the 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey. Three types of literacy were…

Kutner, Mark; Greenberg, Elizabeth; Jin, Ying; Boyle, Bridget; Hsu, Yung-chen; Dunleavy, Eric

2007-01-01

4

National Workplace Literacy Program. Final Program Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Prince George's County (Maryland) Public Schools and Prince George's Private Industry Council worked together to provide workplace literacy classes at worksites for employees of 10 different employers. Over 300 employees participated in classes in English as a second language or basic skills. Businesses in need of literacy and basic skills…

Prince George's County Public Schools, Upper Marlboro, MD.

5

National Assessment Program--Science Literacy Year 6 School Release Materials, 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In July 2001, the Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (MCEETYA) agreed to the development of assessment instruments and key performance measures for reporting on student skills, knowledge and understandings in primary science. It directed the newly established Performance Measurement and Reporting Taskforce…

Donovan, Jenny; Hutton, Penny; Lennon, Melissa; O'Connor, Gayl; Morrissey, Noni

2008-01-01

6

National Assessment Program--Science Literacy Year 6 Technical Report, 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In July 2001, the Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (MCEETYA) agreed to the development of assessment instruments and key performance measures for reporting on student skills, knowledge and understandings in primary science. It directed the newly established Performance Measurement and Reporting Taskforce…

Wu, Margaret; Donovan, Jenny; Hutton, Penny; Lennon, Melissa

2008-01-01

7

National Workplace Literacy Program. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Snap-On Tools Workplace Literacy Grant developed a curriculum for training adult workers in technical math and reading, English as a Second Language (ESL), and blueprint reading. Curriculum development was based on a workplace audit. Reading levels increased an average of 0.8 of a grade level. Flexibility and implementation of adult student…

Illinois Eastern Community Colleges, Olney.

8

Technical Report and Data File User's Manual: For the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy. NCES 2009-476  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL) assessed the English literacy skills of a nationally representative sample of more than 19,000 U.S. adults (age 16 and older) residing in households and correctional institutions. NAAL is the first national assessment of adult literacy since the 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey (NALS). The…

Baldi, Stephane, Ed.; Kutner, Mark; Greenberg, Elizabeth; Jin, Ying; Baer, Justin; Moore, Elizabeth; Dunleavy, Eric; Berlin, Martha; Mohadjer, Leyla; Binzer, Greg; Krenzke, Thomas; Hogan, Jacqueline; Amsbary, Michelle; Forsyth, Barbara; Clark, Lyn; Annis, Terri; Bernstein, Jared; White, Sheida

2009-01-01

9

Literacy Behind Bars: Results from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy Prison Survey. NCES 2007-473  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL) assessed the English literacy of incarcerated adults for the first time since 1992. The assessment was administered to approximately 1,200 inmates (ages 16 and older) in state and federal prisons, as well as to approximately 18,000 adults (ages 16 and older) living in households. Three types of…

Greenberg, Elizabeth; Dunleavy, Eric; Kutner, Mark

2007-01-01

10

The Language of Literacy: A National Resource Directory of Aboriginal Literacy Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory presents, in narrative form, core information about the operations of approximately 100 Aboriginal literacy programs throughout Canada. To qualify for inclusion in the directory, each program had to offer basic, functional, or advanced literacy training; offer literacy training in English, French, or an Aboriginal language; be…

Sabourin, Beverly; Globensky, Peter Andre

11

Basic Reading Skills and the Literacy of America's Least Literate Adults: Results from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL) Supplemental Studies. NCES 2009-481  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL) assessed the English literacy of adults in the United States for the first time since the 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey. The assessment was administered to more than 19,000 adults (ages 16 and older) in households and prisons. The tasks included on the assessment were designed to measure…

Baer, Justin; Kutner, Mark; Sabatini, John; White, Sheida

2009-01-01

12

National Assessment of Adult Literacy, 2003: Public-Use Data File User's Guide. NCES 2007-464  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The U.S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics has updated the household and prison public-use data files for the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy and the 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey. The accompanying 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy Public-Use Data File User's Guide explains how the data…

Greenberg, Elizabeth; Jin, Ying; White, Sheida

2007-01-01

13

EPA'S NATIONAL COASTAL ASSESSMENT PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Coastal Assessment (NCA) is an environmental monitoring program initiated by the US Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Research and Development in 2000. The goal is to monitor selected ecological indicators in the nation's estuarine waters and to produce an...

14

Adult Literacy and National Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The causal relationship among adult literacy, social evolution, and economic development has traditionally made adult literacy programs a priority in developing nations. To develop effective adult literacy programs, educational planners must consider a variety of linguistic, cultural, economic, and political needs. First of all, planners must…

Miller, Harry G.; Shapiro, Freddy L.

15

Health Literacy of America's Adults: Results from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy  

MedlinePLUS

... National Forum on Education Statistics Statewide Longitudinal Data Systems Grant Program - (SLDS) more... Resources Distance Learning Dataset Training National Postsecondary Education Cooperative (NPEC) Statistical Standards Program more... Data & Tools Custom ...

16

Forces Changing Our Nation's Future: The Comparative Performance of U.S. Adults and Youth on International Literacy Assessments, the Importance of Literacy/Numeracy Proficiencies for Labor Market Success, and the Projected Outlook for Literacy Proficiencies of U.S. Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This presentation is devoted to four main topics: (1) the comparative performance of U.S. adults and high school students on international literacy assessments; (2) the literacy/numeracy proficiencies of the nation's adults in different educational groups and among those who recently participated in federally-funded adult education programs; (3)…

Sum, Andrew

2007-01-01

17

College of Lake County's National Workplace Literacy Program Grant. Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An independent evaluation of the College of Lake County's National Workplace Literacy Program included both formative and summative evaluations over the 3 years of the project. The evaluation design was planned primarily as a naturalistic inquiry that used the structured interview approach to data collection. An external evaluator interviewed all…

Askov, Eunice N.; Catalfamo, Andree Rose

18

Evaluation Report of the Wisconsin Technical College System National Workplace Literacy Program Grant.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An external evaluator worked with the project team of the Wisconsin Technical College System National Workplace Literacy Program to develop the evaluation design. Although she was at the project site for only limited periods of time, she and the project team maintained periodic contact during the 3-year period by telephone, fax, and email. Three…

Askov, Eunice N.

19

Learning Outcomes, Portfolios, and Rubrics, Oh My! Authentic Assessment of an Information Literacy Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Librarians at Washington State University Vancouver helped the campus develop a method of assessing its General Education Program, a program based on university learning goals, one of which is information literacy. The assessment method, which relies on an electronic portfolio (ePortfolio) along with rubrics to evaluate work in the ePortfolio,…

Diller, Karen R.; Phelps, Sue F.

2008-01-01

20

National Workplace Literacy Program. Curriculum Samples for 1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports on the partnership between Prince George's County (Maryland) Public Schools and the Prince George's Private Industry Council to provide workplace literacy classes at worksites for employees of 10 different employers. Workplace-specific, work-related curricula have been developed in either English for speakers of other…

Prince George's County Public Schools, Upper Marlboro, MD.

21

Quality of life assessment for low literacy Latinos: a new multimedia program for self-administration.  

PubMed

Cancer patients who have limited literacy skills or English language proficiency are particularly vulnerable to receiving sub-optimal care. Outcome measurement in these patients may provide new insight into previously undetected problems. This report describes the development and testing of a Spanish language, multimedia program for quality of life (QOL) assessment. Pilot testing was conducted with 30 Latino cancer patients with a range of education levels and computer experience. Patients found the program easy to use and understand. The "Talking Touchscreen" is a practical, user-friendly method that provides greater opportunities to assess QOL in Spanish-speaking patients with a range of literacy skills. PMID:14619989

Hahn, Elizabeth A; Cellal, David; Dobrez, Deborah G; Shiomoto, Gail; Taylor, Samuel G; Galvez, Angel G; Diaz, Patricia; Valenzuela, Veronica; Chiang, Hsaio-Lin; Khan, Shaheen; Hudgens, Stacie A; Du, Hongyan

2003-01-01

22

Evaluation Report for the Massachusetts Workplace Literacy Consortium. National Workplace Literacy Program Wave 6, Year 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Massachusetts Workplace Literacy Consortium sought to upgrade work-related literacy skills at 22 partner sites in the state. Members included manufacturers, health care organizations, educational institutions, and labor unions. In its third year, the consortium served 1,179 workers with classes in English for speakers of other languages, adult…

Sperazi, Laura; DePascale, Charles A.

23

Literacy Assessment in the Service of Literacy Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literacy policy has often developed independently of other social and employment programs. As a consequence, literacy tends to become an end unto itself, and assessment is directed more toward academic, archival ends than toward policy evaluation. Many justifications given for large-scale literacy programs are not based upon empirical data.…

Venezky, Richard L.

24

Identifying Local Resources for Your Literacy Program: A Guide for National Service Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide for locating local resources to support a literacy program is designed to help program directors or organizers identify partners and stakeholders in their community--those that may not have been thought of as a resource. In the context of this guide, resources refers to any organization, initiative, or individual who supports…

Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

25

A National Road Map to a Climate Literate Society: Advancing Climate Literacy by Coordinating Federal Climate Change Educational Programs (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the 21st century, climate scientists expect Earth's temperature to continue increasing, very likely more than it did during the 20th century. Two anticipated results are rising global sea level and increasing frequency and intensity of heat waves, droughts, and floods. [IPCC 2007, USGCRP 2009] These changes will affect almost every aspect of human society, including economic prosperity, human and environmental health, and national security. Climate change will bring economic and environmental challenges as well as opportunities, and citizens who have an understanding of climate science will be better prepared to respond to both. Society needs citizens who understand the climate system and know how to apply that knowledge in their careers and in their engagement as active members of their communities. Climate change will continue to be a significant element of public discourse. Understanding the essential principles of climate science will enable all people to assess news stories and contribute to their everyday conversations as informed citizens. Key to our nations response to climate change will be a Climate Literate society that understands their influence on climate and climate’s influence on them and society. In order to ensure the nation increases its literacy, the Climate Literacy: Essential Principles of Climate Science document has been endorsed by the 13 Federal agencies that make up the US Global Change Research Program (http://globalchange.gov/resources/educators/climate-literacy) and twenty-four other science and educational institutions. This session will explore the coordinated efforts by the federal agencies and partner organizations to ensure a climate literate society. "Climate Literacy: The Essential Principles of Climate Sciences: A Guide for Individuals and Communities" produced by the U.S. Global Change Research Program in March 2009

Niepold, F.; Karsten, J. L.

2009-12-01

26

BASIC LITERACY PROGRAMS FOR ADULTS--A NATIONAL SURVEY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

BASIC EDUCATION PROGRAMS FOR ADULTS IN 36 STATES WERE SURVEYED IN THE SPRING OF 1966 TO OBTAIN INFORMATION ABOUT LOCATION, LENGTH OF TIME OF OPERATION, PRIOR EDUCATION AND SEX OF ENROLLEES, LEVEL OF INSTRUCTION PROVIDED, TOTAL ENROLLMENT, AND MATERIALS USED. DATA FROM A TWO-PAGE QUESTIONNAIRE COMPLETED BY THE DIRECTORS OF 367 LOCAL PROGRAMS (A 71…

FORD, DAVID; OTTO, WAYNE

27

Interim Evaluation of the National Literacy Program. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evaluation examined issues related to: (1) Rationale and Relevance; (2) Implementation; and (3) Success. In addition, the interim evaluation was intended to: (1) Determine whether sufficient data was being collected to inform the summative evaluation and identify opportunities for improvement to fill any potential gaps; (2) Assess whether the…

Human Resources and Social Development Canada, 2007

2007-01-01

28

Information Literacy Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an annotated list of seven recent articles on the topic of information literacy assessment. They include: (1) "The Three Arenas of Information Literacy Assessment" (Bonnie Gratch Lindauer); (2) "Testing the Effectiveness of Interactive Multimedia for Library-User Education" (Karen Markey et al.); (3) "Assessing Auburn…

Warmkessel, Marjorie M.

2007-01-01

29

Agriculture and the Future. National Workplace Literacy Program. Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of an evaluation report and a curriculum guide from a National Workplace Literacy project designed to demonstrate the process and effects of literacy classes held in work environments through the Yakima Valley (Washington) Opportunities Industrialization Center. The report notes the following results: (1) of 1,976 workers…

Yakima Valley Opportunities Industrialization Center, WA.

30

Assessing the Computational Literacy of Elementary Students on a National Level in Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information and communication technology (ICT) literacy education has become an important issue, and the necessity of computational literacy (CL) has been increasing in our growing information society. CL is becoming an important element for future talents, and many countries, including the USA, are developing programs for CL education.…

Jun, SooJin; Han, SunGwan; Kim, HyeonCheol; Lee, WonGyu

2014-01-01

31

A Community Assessment of Functional Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A community assessment for literacy action was conducted in Salinas, California. Service agencies were surveyed to assess literacy programs and materials. The agencies were asked questions regarding awareness of the illiteracy problem, knowledge of existing or retired programs, and agency commitment to support of a community-wide program. Research…

Holian, Barbara L.

32

Testing and Accountability in Adult Literacy Education: Focus on Workplace Literacy Resources for Program Design, Assessment, Testing, & Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides information on design and evaluation of workplace literacy programs (WLPs) to improve work force readiness and an overview of concepts about the nature, uses, and abuses of standardized tests in program evaluation and accountability. Chapter 1 takes a sociohistorical and sociopolitical perspective in discussing the knowledge…

Sticht, Thomas G.

33

Adult Literacy and Numeracy: Assessing Change. Adult Literacy Research Network.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains eight papers from an action research program to foster good practice in adult literacy provision and policy. "Introduction" (J. Joy Cumming, Christina E. van Kraayenoord) presents an overview of the action research project and individual reports. "Assessment: Making a Difference in Adult Literacy and Numeracy Learning" (J.…

Cumming, J. Joy, Ed.; van Kraayenoord, Christina E., Ed.

34

NATIONAL CROP LOSS ASSESSMENT NETWORK: QUALITY ASSURANCE PROGRAM (JOURNAL VERSION)  

EPA Science Inventory

A quality assurance program was incorporated into the National Crop Loss Assessment Network (NCLAN) program, designed to assess the economic impacts of gaseous air pollutants on major agricultural crops in the United States. The quality assurance program developed standardized re...

35

Project TIP. Tyson Improvement Program. A Model National Workplace Literacy Project. Executive Summary Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project TIP (Tyson Improvement Program) was undertaken in 1992 to provide basic and job-specific skills training to current employees of Tyson Foods. The workplace literacy program, which was jointly developed by staff from Wallace State College in Hanceville, Alabama, and Tyson Foods, was designed to be presented to Tyson employees at five…

Wallace State Coll., Hanceville, AL.

36

Mind the Gap: The Black-White Literacy Gap in the National Assessment of Adult Literacy and Its Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historically, Whites have scored higher than Blacks on most measures of literacy (referred to as the "Black-White" literacy gap). The authors outline the historic social inequities that contributed to the Black-White literacy gap as well as the current school and home environment that may maintain it. They then examine the current state of the…

Cohen, Dale J.; White, Sheida; Cohen, Steffaney B.

2012-01-01

37

National Water-Quality Assessment Program (NAWQA)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Water-Quality Assessment Program (NAWQA), implemented by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), develops information on streams, rivers, ground water, and aquatic systems to support information needs and decision-making on water-quality management and policy issues. This includes collecting and analyzing data and information on more than 50 major river basins and aquifers in the United States. Materials on the NAWQA website include publications and news articles, information on studies conducted under the program, and information for stakeholders to be used in designing and implementing strategies for managing, protecting, and monitoring water resources. The NAWQA data warehouse archives chemical, biological, and physical water-quality data from 42 study units (basins) across the nation, including chemical concentrations in water, bed sediment, and aquatic organism tissues, daily stream-flow information, groundwater levels for sampled wells, biological community data, and other datasets. Other materials include tools for hydrologic modeling and analysis, spatial datasets for hydrologic systems analysis, models for estimating contaminants in unmonitored streams and groundwater, and modeling tools for understanding hydrologic processes.

38

National Workplace Literacy Program (NWLP) at Chinatown Manpower Project, Inc. Final Performance Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Chinatown Manpower Project continued as the education partner in a Workplace Literacy Program (WLP) for the Chinese garment workers in New York City. Local 23-25, Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Employees, was the union partner; the Greater Blouse, Skirt & Undergarment Association, Inc., and the Continental Garment Manufacturers…

Tse, Ivy Au

39

National Workplace Literacy Program for Health Care Employees. Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Continuing Education Institute's Workplace ESL (English-as-a-Second Language) and ABE (Adult Basic Education) programs improved the job experience for employees with language and literacy problems in Boston (Massachusetts) by teaching them language strategies that had direct application to their jobs. Health care administrators, supervisors,…

Continuing Education Inst., Needham, MA.

40

Assessing and Acknowledging Learning through Non-Accredited Community Adult Language, Literacy and Numeracy Programs: Support Document  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Support Document was produced by the authors based on their research for the report, "Assessing and Acknowledging Learning through Non-Accredited Community Adult Language, Literacy and Numeracy Programs," and is an added resource for further information. There were five phases of this project: Phase 1 comprised further interrogation of…

Dymock, Darryl; Billett, Stephen

2008-01-01

41

The Health Literacy of America's Adults: Results from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy. NCES 2006-483  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding the health literacy of America's adults is important because so many aspects of finding health care and health information, and maintaining health, depend on understanding written information. Many reports have suggested that low health literacy is associated with poor communication between patients and health care providers and with…

Kutner, Mark; Greenburg, Elizabeth; Jin, Ying; Paulsen, Christine

2006-01-01

42

USGS National Water-Quality Assessment Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since its inception in 1991, the USGS National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) program has been collecting and analyzing data about more than 50 major river basins and aquifers across the United States. The core mission is "to develop long-term consistent and comparable information on streams, ground water, and aquatic ecosystems to support sound management and policy decisions." Visitors can begin by selecting one of over 50 research sites from a drop-down menu of states, or by looking at research activities by river basin. The main homepage for the NAWQA also contains a section that explains how and why water quality varies across the country by discussing the various elements, such as pesticides and nutrients, that contribute to the quality of various water sources. Of course, the site also features a number of more technical reports on water quality, including detailed information about each basin area. As might be expected, the site also offers a glossary of frequently used terms within the fields of water chemistry and hydrology, and also contains a What's New section that contains announcements about the release of new reports, fact sheets, and upcoming conferences of note.

43

National Literacy Commissions and Functional Literacy: A Status Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A response to United States Senator George McGovern's call for congressional legislation to establish an independent national commission on literacy is necessary. Two considerations that must be taken into account by any individual, group, or commission addressing issues of criteria for competency in literacy are: (1) literacy competence is a…

Mikulecky, Larry; Diehl, William

44

Literacy Programs with Parent Involvement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this working paper is to review current literature on literacy programs for parents of English language learners (ELLs). The paper includes a summary of five literacy programs for ELL parents throughout the United States of America. Four of these were system-wide interventions affecting more than one school or classroom. Each…

Montgomery, Joel R.

2008-01-01

45

Implementing Innovative Elementary Literacy Programs. Program Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This four-document collection describes the implementation processes of dramatically improved literacy programs in elementary schools which are leading the move to restructure literacy education in the Northwest (Alaska, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington). The first document in the collection, "Strategies for Improving School-Wide Literacy

Schwab, R. G. Jerry; And Others

46

Pre-SPC Math for Foundry Workers. A Lesson Developed for Robinson Foundry and Bodine-Robinson as Part of a National Workplace Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed as part of a National Workplace Literacy Program, this lesson focuses on terms and mathematical operations associated with Statistical Process Control (SPC) in the foundry industry. With appropriate assistance and preparatory work, workers testing between grades 4 and 9 on the Test of Adult Basic Education Locator should be able to use…

Rasmussen, Bonnie

47

National Workplace Literacy Program. Garment-Related Bilingual (English & Chinese) T.V. Broadcast Lessons. Book I: Episodes 1-15.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains a series of 15 garment-related bilingual (English and Chinese) television broadcast lessons produced by the National Workplace Literacy Program of Chinatown Manpower Project, Inc. (Other partners were the Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Employees and the Greater Blouse, Skirt and Undergarment Association in…

Chinatown Manpower Project, Inc., New York, NY.

48

Highlights from the 2003 Massachusetts State Assessment of Adult Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes key findings from the 2003 Massachusetts State Assessment of Adult Literacy (SAAL). Administered in Massachusetts in 2003 and early 2004, the assessment measures the prose, document, and quantitative literacy of Massachusetts's adults. The Massachusetts SAAL was conducted in conjunction with the National Assessment of Adult…

Baer, Justin D.; Hsu, Yung-chen

2006-01-01

49

Wyoming: A Case Study. National Service Programs Making Connections with Local Literacy Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wyoming is the least populous of the 50 states--less than half a million people share a territory of 95,000 square miles, which translates to about one person for every five square miles. Given this geographic reality, the challenges that all national service programs face in recruiting volunteers, building community involvement, and sustaining…

Blake, Amy

50

76 FR 72623 - Literacy Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Bureau of Prisons 28 CFR Part 544 [BOP-1036-F] RIN...1120-AA33 Literacy Program AGENCY: Bureau of Prisons, Justice. ACTION: Final rule...Office of General Counsel, Bureau of Prisons, 320 First Street NW.,...

2011-11-25

51

National Institute for Literacy. Literacy Information and Communication System ("LINCS")  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each month, the Literacy Information and Communication System ("LINCS") will feature one of the three LINCS Resource Collections--Basic Skills, Program Management, and Workforce Competitiveness--and introduce research-based resources that practitioners can use in their adult and family literacy programs and classrooms. This edition features the…

National Institute for Literacy, 2010

2010-01-01

52

National Water-Quality Assessment Program: The Sacramento River Basin  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 1991, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) began to implement a full-scale National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) program. The long-term goals of the NAWQA program are to describe the status of and trends in the quality of a large, representative part of the Nation's surface- and ground-water resources and to identify the major natural and human factors that affect the quality of those resources. In addressing these goals, the program will provide a wealth of water- quality information that will be useful to policy makers and managers at the national, State, and local levels. A major asset of the NAWQA program is that it will allow for the integration of water-quality information collected at several scales. A major component of the program is the study-unit investigation-the foundation of national- level assessment. The 60 study units of the NAWQA program are hydrologic systems that include parts of most major river basins and aquifer systems of the conterminous United States. These study units cover areas of 1,000 to more than 60,000 square miles and represent 60 to 70 percent of the Nation's water use and population served by public water supplies. Investigations of the first 20 study units began in 1991. In 1994, the Sacramento River Basin was among the second set of 20 NAWQA study units selected for investigation.

Domagalski, Joseph L.; Brown, Larry R.

1994-01-01

53

Literacy Profiles Handbook: Assessing and Reporting Literacy Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook offers a guide to identifying curriculum activities which will enable the observation of significant literacy behaviors, recording these observations, and assessing and reporting student development in literacy. The handbook presents carefully considered descriptions of literacy learning behaviors noted by teachers in a wide variety…

Victoria Ministry of Education, West Melbourne (Australia).

54

Current Research of Family Literacy Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates existing research about the strengths and weakness of current family literacy programs and presents a 98-item list of family literacy activities across the curricula for adult educators to promote intergenerational literacy. Educational experts feel that family literacy programs need more evaluation, and that the…

Parker, Sharon; Wuelser, Ann

55

Assessment Literacy for the Language Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language testing has seen unprecedented expansion during the first part of the 21st century. As a result there is an increasing need for the language testing profession to consider more precisely what it means by "assessment literacy" and to articulate its role in the creation of new pedagogic materials and programs in language testing and…

Fulcher, Glenn

2012-01-01

56

THE ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT PROGRAM: NATIONAL COASTAL ASSESSMENT - LESSONS LEARNED  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of the Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program's National Coastal Assessment is to estimate the current status, extent, changes, and trends in ecological indicators of the condition of the nation's coastal resources on a state, regional and national basis. Bas...

57

Assessing for Technological Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designing standards-based assessment is a key component of a quality technology education program. For students to become technologically literate, it is important that the teacher understands how to measure student understandings and abilities in the study of technology. This article is written to help teachers and teacher educators recognize the…

Engstrom, Daniel E.

2004-01-01

58

A National Program to Assess Hazards, Risk, and Resiliency  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 2007, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) developed a science strategy outlining the major natural science issues facing the Nation in the next decade. The science strategy consists of six science directions of critical importance, focusing on areas where natural science can make a substantial contribution to the well-being of the Nation and the world. This fact sheet focuses on a program to assess natural hazards and how USGS research can strengthen the Nation with information needed to meet the challenges of the 21st century.

U.S. Geological Survey

2007-01-01

59

New Paradigm for Effective Workforce Skills. Final Performance Report 1994 to 1998. National Workplace Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project demonstrated that a workplace literacy model can be replicated in large and small businesses with significant learner outcomes and used to improve worker productivity. It served 938 employees of 4 partners at 12 sites, including 2 large and 1 small manufacturing plants, major health care system, and multiple small businesses. Diverse,…

Sheffer, Wilma

60

National Workplace Literacy Program. Garment-Related Bilingual (English and Chinese) Broadcast Lessons. Book 1 and 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A compilation of transcripts of 100 bilingual English/Chinese broadcast lessons for workers in the garment industry is presented. The lessons are part of the New York Chinatown Manpower Project's Workplace Literacy Program. With the support of the Sino Radio Broadcast Corporation, the lessons are broadcast daily in the morning and again after the…

Chan, Ha Yin

61

Health Literacy and Adult Basic Education Assessments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adult basic education (ABE) is an ideal venue for developing health literacy skills. Literacy and numeracy assessments used in ABE were identified and the most common were examined for health components. Only the Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment System (CASAS) included health. The two most common health literacy assessments used in general…

Golbeck, Amanda L.; Ahlers-Schmidt, Carolyn R.; Paschal, Angelia M.

2005-01-01

62

The National Literacy Strategy--Framework for Teaching: Additional Guidance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

England's National Literacy Strategy is intended to raise standards of literacy for every student. Teachers should aim to include each student in the Literacy Hour. Evidence from the National Literacy Project (NLP), on which the national strategy is based, shows that students with widely varying needs can expect to improve their literacy skills in…

Department for Education and Skills, London (England).

63

Literacy Assessment in the Third World: An Overview and Proposed Schema for Survey Use.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses problems involved with surveying and assessing literacy rates in developing nations. Defines current debates over literacy measurement, classification, and surveying. Examines and questions current assumptions linking literacy policy and economic development. Describes models for surveying and measuring literacy and numeracy skill…

Wagner, Daniel A.

1990-01-01

64

Climate Literacy and Cyberlearning: Emerging Platforms and Programs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the release of the Essential Principles of Climate Science Literacy: A Guide for Individuals and Communities in the Spring of 2009, an important step toward an shared educational and communication framework about climate science was achieved. Designed as a living document, reviewed and endorsed by the thirteen federal agencies in the U.S. Climate Change Science Program (now U.S. Global Change Research Program), the Essential Principles of Climate Literacy complement other Earth system literacy efforts. A variety of emerging efforts have begun to build on the framework using a variety of cyberlearning tools, including an online Climate Literacy course developed by Education and Outreach group at CIRES, the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, and the Independent Learning program of the Continuing Education Division at the University of Colorado at Boulder. The online course, piloted during the Summer of 2009 with formal classroom teachers and informal science educators, made use of the online Climate Literacy Handbook, which was developed by CIRES Education and Outreach and the Encyclopedia of Earth, which is supported by the National Council for Science and the Environment and hosted by Boston University. This paper will explore challenges and opportunities in the use of cyberlearning tools to support climate literacy efforts, highlight the development of the online course and handbook, and note related emerging cyberlearning platforms and programs for climate literacy, including related efforts by the Climate Literacy Network, the NASA Global Climate Change Education programs, the National STEM Education Distributed Learning (NSDL) and AAAS Project 2061.

McCaffrey, M. S.; Wise, S. B.; Buhr, S. M.

2009-12-01

65

12 CFR 7.1021 - National bank participation in financial literacy programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...program is educational. For example, a program is educational if it is designed to teach students the principles of personal economics or the benefits of saving for the future, and is not designed for the purpose of profit-making. [66 FR 34791,...

2010-01-01

66

Teachers' Intentions to Use National Literacy and Numeracy Assessment Data: A Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years the educational policy environment has emphasised data-driven change. This has increased the expectation for school personnel to use statistical information to inform their programs and to improve teaching practices. Such data include system reports of student achievement tests and socio-economic profiles provided to schools by…

Pierce, Robyn; Chick, Helen

2011-01-01

67

Predictive Validity Evidence for an Assessment Program Based on the Work Sampling System in Mathematics and Language and Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the predictive nature of teacher ratings of student performance on the mathematical thinking and language and literacy domains of a state mandated curriculum-embedded performance assessment for children in first grade to student achievement on a criterion-referenced test in third grade in mathematics and English language arts,…

Gallant, Dorinda J.

2009-01-01

68

Practical Literacy Programming.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Elementary school teachers know that classroom experiences do not just happen, but reflect a teaching and learning program that synthesizes a host of contemporary, and sometimes competing, concerns. To be coherent a program is something of an art form. This book elaborates some programming approaches developed by expert practitioners around…

Primary English Teaching Association, Newtown (Australia).

69

Why Is Health Literacy Related to Health? An Exploration among U.S. National Assessment of Adult Literacy Participants 40 Years of Age and Older  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health literacy has emerged as an important factor related to health in older persons. The reason for the link between health literacy and health outcomes is not clear. Possible explanations include common relations among income, education, access to health care, health-promotion behaviors, frequency of reading, and perceptual impairments. In this…

Ownby, Raymond L.; Waldrop-Valverde, Drenna; Taha, Jessica

2012-01-01

70

Availability of Products from National Workplace Literacy Grants (1992-93).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication lists some of the curriculum resources that were produced through the National Workplace Literacy Program, Section 371 of the Adult Education Act, as amended by the National Literacy Act of 1991. The curriculum resources in this publication were developed during 1992-1993 of the demonstration program. The curriculum materials are…

Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC. Div. of Adult Education and Literacy.

71

Addressing Literacy Needs at Work: Implementation and Impact of Workplace Literacy Programs. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Workplace Literacy Program (NWLP) was a federal grant program that was initiated in 1988 to promote the following: contextualized, job-specific instruction in basic skills; joint governance through partnerships between employers, education providers, and employee organizations; and attention to individual workers' needs. The NWLP's…

Moore, Mary T.; Myers, David; Silva, Tim; Alamprese, Judity A.

72

Situating Information Literacy within the Curriculum: Using a Rubric to Shape a Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rubrics are a rapidly growing subfield of information literacy assessment, providing a powerful tool for understanding student learning. This paper explores the role that the creation and application of an information literacy rubric can play in program development. Because of the Information Literacy in Student Writing assessment project at…

Jastram, Iris; Leebaw, Danya; Tompkins, Heather

2014-01-01

73

The Health Literacy of U.S. Adults across GED[R] Credential Recipients, High School Graduates, and Non-High School Graduates. GED Testing Service[R] Research Study, 2008-1. Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health literacy is important for all adults. Because lower health literacy is associated with lower educational attainment, many adult basic and literacy education programs increasingly provide health education to low-literate adults to improve their health literacy. Using data from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL), this study…

Hsu, Yung-chen

2008-01-01

74

The Health Literacy of U.S. Adults across GED Credential Recipients, High School Graduates, and Non-High School Graduates. GED Testing Service[TM] Research Studies, 2008-1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health literacy is important for all adults. Because lower health literacy is associated with lower educational attainment, many adult basic and literacy education programs increasingly provide health education to low-literate adults to improve their health literacy. Using data from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL), this study…

Hsu, Yung-chen

2008-01-01

75

Handbook for Coordinators of Volunteer Literacy Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook is designed to help literacy coordinators, especially in New Mexico, develop and implement volunteer literacy programs. The seven chapters provide information on (1) organizing the program; (2) recruitment of volunteers and students; (3) training tutors; (4) methods of instruction; (5) recordkeeping; (6) recognition and placement for…

McKenzie, Marcie

76

Integrating Literacy and Workplace Skills for Worker Advancement. Worker Education Program Final Report, May 1, 1992 - March 31, 1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Final evaluation of the Workplace Education Program, funded by the National Workplace Literacy Program to provide workplace literacy education programs to 425 members of Chicago (Illinois) area clothing and textile workers union members, is presented. The program's goal was to enhance workers' basic literacy skills for present job stabilization…

Boyter-Escalona, Margaret

77

3 CFR 8429 - Proclamation 8429 of October 1, 2009. National Information Literacy Awareness Month, 2009  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...National Information Literacy Awareness Month, 2009 8429 Proclamation...National Information Literacy Awareness Month, 2009By the President...evaluate information for any situation. This new type of literacy...National Information Literacy Awareness Month highlights the...

2010-01-01

78

THE ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT PROGRAM: THE NATIONAL COASTAL ASSESSMENT ERF 2001, ST. PETE BEACH, NOV 4-8, 2001  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of the Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program's National Coastal Assessment (NCA) is to estimate the current status, extent, changes, and trends in ecological indicators of the condition of the nation's coastal resources on a state, regional and national basi...

79

Grammar for Writing. The National Literacy Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book has a two-fold purpose: to provide lively whole class activities for teaching the Key Stage 2 sentence level objectives in England's National Literacy Strategy"Framework for Teaching"; and to explain and illustrate the varied forms which shared writing can take as a powerful medium for teaching writing. It is designed to help teachers…

Department for Education and Employment, London (England).

80

Education Policy Mediation: Principals' Work with Mandated Literacy Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mandated literacy assessment is now a ubiquitous practice in many western educational systems. While educational researchers, principals, teachers and education unions continue to offer vociferous resistance in some nations, in others it is now commonplace in the educational landscape and built into the rhythms of the school year. This paper is…

Comber, Barbara; Cormack, Phil

2011-01-01

81

Effective Literacy Instruction: Building Successful Reading and Writing Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book focuses on middle school and high school literacy programs that effectively support student learning in an era of national and state standards and high-stakes testing. The book offers a programmatic vision, a set of principles, and real-life examples to guide educators who wish to inform their practice with research-based knowledge to…

Langer, Judith A.

82

Financial Literacy Program Prepares Youth for Living on Their Own  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At one time, the financial unit of a family and consumer sciences (FCS) curriculum was as simple as looking at budgets and doing checkbook exercises. Today, the FCS financial literacy program is a 6-week unit, designed to meet the Colorado Core Life Management Curriculum Standard II, Managing Your Finances, and the FCS Education National Standard…

Franklin, Iris E.

2004-01-01

83

Literacy: State of the Nation--A Picture of Literacy in the UK Today  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literacy is the combination of reading, writing, speaking and listening skills we all need to fulfil our potential. These life skills are essential to the happiness, health and wealth of individuals and society. "Literacy: State of the Nation" provides a coherent picture of literacy in the UK today. It reveals that: (1) One in six people in the UK…

Jama, Deeqa; Dugdale, George

2012-01-01

84

The National Early Literacy Panel and Preschool Literacy Instruction: Green Lights, Caution Lights, and Red Lights  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The high level of acceptance in US society of the preschool years as a critically important time for building early literacy skills has led to a flurry of activity in early childhood research and policy. The National Early Literacy Panel (NELP) report "Developing Early Literacy" (2008) is one example of this activity. The NELP report is part of a…

Paciga, Kathleen A.; Hoffman, Jessica L.; Teale, William H.

2011-01-01

85

National Forum on Family Literacy--Collaboration and Quality Proceedings (Orlando, Florida, May 15-16, 2001).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Forum on Family Literacy was convened to encourage and facilitate collaboration among programs at the state level to improve the quality of family literacy services. This forum provided an opportunity for state-level representatives of Head Start, Even Start, Even Start Statewide Family Literacy Initiatives, and Adult Education to…

Hughes, Sarah; Botkins, Rod

86

Portraits of Excellence. The Secretary's Awards for Outstanding Adult Education and Literacy Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet describes 10 outstanding adult education and literacy programs, one for each of the country's 10 geographic regions, that won awards from the U.S. Secretary of Education in 1992. The winners embody the best elements of how the adult learning system will move the nation to meet the National Education Goal for Adult Literacy and…

Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC. Div. of Adult Education and Literacy.

87

Keeping Current. Celebrating National Literacy Month: Media Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is reason to believe that media literacy is gaining a higher profile in schools across the United States. For the first time, most states' teaching standards include elements of media literacy and textbook publishers are beginning to include media education. The inclusion of "viewing" and media literacy presents school library media…

Baker, Frank

2004-01-01

88

DEVELOPMENT OF THE 1985 NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSIONS INVENTORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper describes the development of the 1985 National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) emissions inventory. NAPAP includes the facility for research and preparation of comprehensive emission inventories. Task Group B, Man-made Sources within NAPAP, has directed th...

89

UTILITY EMISSIONS SOFTWARE FOR THE NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) 1985 EMISSIONS INVENTORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper discusses utility emissions software for the development of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) 1985 emissions inventory. For 1985, the development of an accurate and complete emissions inventory for pollutants considered to be precursors of acid ...

90

ESTIMATION OF UNCERTAINTY FOR THE 1980 NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSIONS INVENTORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The report presents the methods, assumptions, and results of an effort to develop quantitative estimates of emissions uncertainties for the 1980 National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) Emissions Inventory. Conventional statistical concepts were applied to sample un...

91

AMMONIA EMISSION FACTORS FOR THE NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSION INVENTORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The report provides information on certain sources of ammonia emissions to the atmosphere for use in the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) emission inventories. Major anthropogenic sources of ammonia emissions to the atmosphere are identified, and emission fa...

92

APPLICATION OF THE NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSIONS INVENTORIES TO EULERIAN MODELING  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper presents the schedule for development and evaluation of Eulerian Acid Deposition Models as part of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program and discusses the critical need to reduce uncertainties in emissions inventories to provide more reliable modeling resul...

93

Emerging Literacy Views and Practices: Results from a National Survey of Head Start Preschool Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors conducted a national survey of Head Start preschool teachers to assess their views and practices related to emerging literacy. Results indicated that Head Start teachers use a variety of strategies to promote emerging literacy, with a major focus on book knowledge/appreciation and print awareness skills. The teachers indicated that…

Hawken, Leanne S.; Johnston, Susan S.; McDonnell, Andrea P.

2005-01-01

94

Workplace Literacy Program. Administrative Manual. Teacher Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These two manuals are designed to aid prospective providers of workplace literacy programs in program organization and implementation. The administrator's manual addresses the following topics: program philosophy, history, potential clients, advertising, guidelines for client meetings, instructor recruitment and training, client goals, learning…

Western Suffolk BOCES, Northport, NY.

95

Farmers' Functional Literacy Program in India.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Farmers' Functional Literacy Program has been conducted in conjunction with an intensive agricultural development program in the villages of India since 1968. A recent innovation of significance to developing countries, the program incorporates the concept of linking education to development. This joint venture of three governmental ministries…

Chauhan, Malikhan S.

96

An Exploratory Examination of Literacy Assessment Practices of Adult Programs in North Carolina's Piedmont-Triad Region  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is estimated that 22 percent, of adults in the Piedmont Triad of North Carolina have poor literacy skills, meaning that they have difficulty with tasks involving simple texts and documents. Purpose: Given this low level of adult literacy, the purpose of this exploratory research study was to analyze the perceptions of North Carolina's adult…

Byrd, Eboni Nikita; Comer, Marcus M.

2007-01-01

97

National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program Report to Congress: An Integrated Assessment  

SciTech Connect

Under Title IX of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, Congress reauthorized the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) to continue coordinating acid rain research and monitoring, as it had done during the previous decade, and to provide Congress with periodic reports. In particular, Congress asked NAPAP to assess all available data and information to answer two questions: (1) What are the costs, benefits, and effectiveness of Title IV? This question addresses the costs and economic impacts of complying with the Acid Rain Program as well as benefit analyses associated with the various human health and welfare effects, including reduced visibility, damages to materials and cultural resources, and effects on ecosystems. (2) What reductions in deposition rates are needed to prevent adverse ecological effects? This complex questions addresses ecological systems and the deposition levels at which they experience harmful effects. The results of the assessment of the effects of Title IV and of the relationship between acid deposition rates and ecological effects were to be reported to Congress quadrennially, beginning with the 1996 report to Congress. The objective of this Report is to address the two main questions posed by Congress and fully communicate the results of the assessment to decision-makers. Given the primary audience, most of this report is not written as a technical document, although information supporting the conclusions is provided along with references.

Uhart, M.; et al,

2005-08-01

98

Assessing the TIP online information literacy tutorial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to report on the results of a study that assessed whether students learned information literacy concepts after taking the interactive online Tutorial for Information Power (TIP). Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The methodology and design involved a pre- and post-test assessment of students who completed an online tutorial. Findings – Students who spent more time

Bryan Tronstad; Lori Phillips; Jenny Garcia; Mary Ann Harlow

2009-01-01

99

Improving Teachers' Assessment Literacy through Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of professional development on teachers' assessment literacy between two groups of teachers: (1) teachers who were involved in ongoing and sustained professional development in designing authentic classroom assessment and rubrics; and (2) teachers who were given only short-term, one-shot professional development…

Koh, Kim H.

2011-01-01

100

Literacy behind Bars: Results from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy Prison Survey: Chapter 4--Education and Job Training in Prison  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prisons are intended to rehabilitate criminal offenders, as well as to punish and incapacitate them. The education and training systems operating within most prisons are a key component of the rehabilitation mission of prisons. Previous studies have shown a relationship between participation in educational programs and recidivism rates, with…

Greenberg, Elizabeth; Dunleavy, Eric; Kutner, Mark

2008-01-01

101

Organizing a Literacy Program for Older Adults. Literacy Education for the Elderly Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide describes a model for a community-based literacy program for older adults that uses older adults as tutors. Guidelines are provided to program sponsors for implementing literacy education for older adults. Chapter I provides an overview of the problem of illiterate older adults and literacy education for them. Chapter II addresses the…

Jacobs, Bella; Ventura-Merkel, Catherine

102

Computer Literacy Needs in a Traditional Library Literacy Program: Results of a Needs Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports the results of a needs analysis of literacy programs for a library system serving three rural and suburban counties. It examines the computing skills and needs of literacy tutors as well as native-speaking and English language learner (ELL) literacy tutees enrolled in the programs. Paper surveys were mailed to tutors, who were…

Cullen, Theresa A.; Cobb, Inger C.

2011-01-01

103

Media Literacy, News Literacy, or News Appreciation? A Case Study of the News Literacy Program at Stony Brook University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study provides practical and theoretical insights into the Stony Brook news literacy program, which is one of the most ambitious and well-funded curricular experiments in modern journalism education and media literacy. Analysis of document, interview, and observation data indicates that news literacy educators sought to teach students…

Fleming, Jennifer

2014-01-01

104

U.S. Global Change Research Program National Climate Assessment Global Change Information System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The program: a) Coordinates Federal research to better understand and prepare the nation for global change. b) Priori4zes and supports cutting edge scientific work in global change. c) Assesses the state of scientific knowledge and the Nation s readiness to respond to global change. d) Communicates research findings to inform, educate, and engage the global community.

Tilmes, Curt

2012-01-01

105

A Guide to the Methodology of the National Research Council Assessment of the Doctorate Programs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A Guide to the Methodology of the National Research Council Assessment of the Doctorate Programs describes the purpose, data and methods used to calculate ranges or rankings for research-doctorate programs that participated in the NRC Assessment of Research-Doctorate programs. It is intended for those at universities who will have to explain the NRC Assessment to others at their university, to potential students, and to the press. Although the main text is fairly non-technical, it includes a technical description of the statistical methods used to derive rankings of over 5000 doctoral programs in 61 fields.

National Research Council (National Research Council Committee on Scientific and Humane Issues in the Use of Random Source Dogs and Cats for Research; Na)

2009-07-22

106

Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collection of articles on adult literacy education includes essays, letters, poetry, interviews, research reports, and discussions of issues in literacy and adult basic education in both developing and developed countries. The first section contains brief articles about programs and initiatives in developing countries, including Madagascar,…

Hinzen, Heribert, Ed.

1988-01-01

107

Biological assessment for the effluent reduction program, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the biological assessment for the effluent recution program proposed to occur within the boundaries of Los Alamos National Laboratory. Potential effects on wetland plants and on threatened and endangered species are discussed, along with a detailed description of the individual outfalls resulting from the effluent reduction program.

Cross, S.P.

1996-08-01

108

The Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments (RISA) Program, Climate Services, and Meeting the National Climate Change Adaptation Challenge  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NOAA-led RISA Program has grown steadily to nine regions and a focus that includes both natural climate variability and human-driven climate change. The RISAs are, at their core, university-based and heavily invested in partnerships, particularly with stakeholders, NOAA, and other federal agencies. RISA research, assessment and partnerships have led to new operational climate services within NOAA and other agencies, and have become important foundations in the development of local, state and regional climate change adaptation initiatives. The RISA experience indicates that a national climate service is needed, and must include: (1) services prioritized based on stakeholder needs; (2) sustained, ongoing regional interactions with users, (3) a commitment to improve climate literacy; (4) support for assessment as an ongoing, iterative process; (5) full recognition that stakeholder decisions are seldom made using climate information alone; (6) strong interagency partnership; (7) national implementation and regional in focus; (8) capability spanning local, state, tribal, regional, national and international space scales, and weeks to millennia time scales; and (9) institutional design and scientific support flexible enough to assure the effort is nimble enough to respond to rapidly-changing stakeholder needs. The RISA experience also highlights the central role that universities must play in national climate change adaptation programs. Universities have a tradition of trusted regional stakeholder partnerships, as well as the interdisciplinary expertise - including social science, ecosystem science, law, and economics - required to meet stakeholder climate-related needs; project workforce can also shift rapidly in universities. Universities have a proven ability to build and sustain interagency partnerships. Universities excel in most forms of education and training. And universities often have proven entrepreneurship, technology transfer and private sector partnership capability.

Overpeck, J. T.; Udall, B.; Miles, E.; Dow, K.; Anderson, C.; Cayan, D.; Dettinger, M.; Hartmann, H.; Jones, J.; Mote, P.; Ray, A.; Shafer, M.; White, D.

2008-12-01

109

Mother Tongue and ESL Literacy Program Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This survey was developed in 1991 by Marilyn Gillespie, David Spener, and JoAnn Crandall at the Center for Applied Linguistics (CAL), and was used for a 2-year project with funding from the National Center for Adult Literacy, established at the University of Pennsylvania by the U.S. Department of Education. The survey was used to collect…

Gillespie, Marilyn; And Others

110

Literacy Gaps by Educational Attainment: A Cross-National Analysis  

PubMed Central

Existing cross-national research on educational attainment does not fully address whether the same level of educational attainment generates the same level of literacy skills in different countries. We analyze literacy skills data for young adults from 19 countries in the 1994–1998 International Adult Literacy Survey and find that in all countries, individuals with a higher level of educational attainment tend to have greater literacy skills. However, there is substantial variation across countries in the size of literacy gaps by levels of educational attainment. In particular, young adults in the United States show the largest literacy gaps. Using two-level hierarchical linear models, we find that cross-national differences in the literacy gap between more- and less-educated individuals are systematically linked to the degree of between-school inequality in school resources (instructional materials, class size, teachers’ experience and certification). PMID:21818163

Park, Hyunjoon; Kyei, Pearl

2011-01-01

111

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL/ENERGY WORKFORCE ASSESSMENT. ENERGY PROGRAMS  

EPA Science Inventory

The programs included in this volume are evidence that people are doing more than just talking about our energy future. In addition to well-established programs in nuclear engineering, mining, petroleum and natural gas technology and engineering, there are programs in energy conv...

112

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL/ENERGY WORKFORCE ASSESSMENT. RADIATION PROGRAMS  

EPA Science Inventory

The report describes radiation education/training programs which are currently being conducted in 23 states and one territory. In total there are 39 program entries included in this volume. Although the report attempts to concentrate mainly on radiation protection programs, aspec...

113

Perspectives on Organizing a Workplace Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook capsulizes the many steps in developing, implementing, and evaluating a workplace literacy program, and is written from the perspectives of both the educator and the employer. The handbook has been written for business leaders and for adult basic education and English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) educators. While the suggestions in the…

Arlington County Public Schools, VA.

114

Choctaw Workplace Literacy Program. Final Performance Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the final performance report, evaluation, and curriculum from a program that provided basic literacy instruction for employees of Chahta Enterprises in Mississippi. The final report describes development of curriculum materials that matched the reading and math tasks of production and quality control jobs; reading and math…

Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, Philadelphia.

115

Teaching Literacy in Labour Market Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written in competency-based format, this professional development package is targeted at Australian teachers of adult English language, literacy, and numeracy working in labor market programs. The approximately 26-hour-long course aims to increase knowledge of and skills in liaising and negotiating with the Commonwealth Employment Service, labor…

National Staff Development Committee for Vocational Education and Training, Chadstone (Australia).

116

Constructing Adult Literacies at a Local Literacy Tutor-Training Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates how literacy was constructed at an adult literacy organization's volunteer tutor-training program. By drawing on qualitative analysis of training texts used during training, such as training evaluations, and data gathered from interviews with experienced tutors, it is possible to identify the assumptions about literacy

Roderick, Ryan

2013-01-01

117

Reading Profiles for Adults with Low-Literacy: Cluster Analysis with Power and Speeded Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United States' National Institute for Literacy's (NIFL) review of adult literacy instruction research recommended adult education (AE) programs assess underlying reading abilities in order to plan appropriate instruction for low-literacy learners. This study developed adult reading ability groups using measures from power tests and speeded…

Mellard, Daryl F.; Fall, Emily; Mark, Caroline

2009-01-01

118

Library Literacy Programs for English Language Learners. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest summarizes the history of public libraries and library literacy programs; describes current delivery models; and discusses initiatives in library literacy, profiling one successful public library program that serves adult English language learners and their families. (Adjunct ERIC Clearinghouse for ESL Literacy Education) (Author/VWL)

McMurrer, Eileen; Terrill, Lynda

119

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL/ENERGY WORKFORCE ASSESSMENT. WATER/WASTEWATER PROGRAMS  

EPA Science Inventory

The volume of post-secondary education/training entries presents those programs which are classified as intersecting both environmental areas of potable water and wastewater. Programs categorized as applicable to either potable water or to waste-water, solely, will be found in th...

120

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL/ENERGY WORKFORCE ASSESSMENT. SOLID WASTE PROGRAMS  

EPA Science Inventory

There are very few solid waste management programs currently being conducted in the United States. There are individual course offerings available at approximately 74 institutions. The criteria utilized for selection of an institution's program in the area of solid waste manageme...

121

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL/ENERGY WORKFORCE ASSESSMENT. POTABLE WATER PROGRAMS  

EPA Science Inventory

The report describes potable water education/training programs which are currently being conducted in 19 states. In total, there are 41 program entries included in this volume. Criteria for selection was limited to the inclusion of at least three potable water courses as requirem...

122

Frontiers in Family Learning. A Showcase of Exemplary Family Literacy Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report showcases four programs nationally recognized as leaders in family literacy--each of these programs has participated in a validation process sponsored by the National Diffusion Network (NDN), an agency of the United States Department of Education that disseminates information and training about exemplary educational programs and…

National Center for Family Literacy, Louisville, KY.

123

Summary results of an assessment of research projects in the National Photovoltaics Program  

SciTech Connect

The Office of Energy Research (OER) undertook an assessment of 115 research projects (listed in Appendix A) sponsored by the National Photovoltaics Program. The Program is located within the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE). This report summarizes the results of that review. The Office of Solar Energy Conversion is responsible for the management of the National Photovoltaics Program. This program focuses on assisting US industry in development of fundamental technology to bring advanced photovoltaic energy systems to commercial use. The purpose of the assessment was to determine the following: (1) the quality of research of individual projects; (2) the impact of these individual projects on the mission of the program; and (3) the priority of future research opportunities.

NONE

1995-07-01

124

Literacy for the Twenty-First Century: Research, Policy, Practices, and the National Adult Literacy Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book focuses on results from secondary analyses of the National Adult Literacy Survey (NALS) and implications of these analyses for policy, practice, and further research on adult literacy. Part I contains an introduction and three additional chapters that provide a substantive summary of the NALS and its purposes: "Introduction: Adult…

Smith, M. Cecil, Ed.

125

Adult Literacy and Education in America: Four Studies Based on the National Adult Literacy Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the National Adult Literacy Survey of 1992, which described the literacy skills of adults in the United States (based on data drawn from a random sample of 13,600 adults across the United States, and from telephone interviews with additional adults and from other sources, with a total of 26,000 adult participants), this report contains…

Kaestle, Carl F.; Campbell, Anne; Finn, Jeremy D.; Johnson, Sylvia T.; Mikulecky, Larry J.

126

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL/ENERGY WORKFORCE ASSESSMENT. AIR PROGRAMS  

EPA Science Inventory

The directory provides information on post-secondary environmental education programs in the United States. Structured around information requests mailed to post-secondary education institutions, the directory provides the name and address of each institution listed, a contact pe...

127

National Literacy Trust Survey in Partnership with Nursery World: Investigating Communication, Language and Literacy Development in the Early Years Sector  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In May 2011 "Nursery World" and the National Literacy Trust launched its language development survey to celebrate Hello; the national year of communication. The National Literacy Trust teamed up with "Nursery World" to carry out research into the sector's support for children's language and literacy development. Two hundred twenty one early years…

Halden, Amanda; Clark, Christina; Lewis, Fiona

2011-01-01

128

ESTIMATING THE CONDITION OF GULF OF MEXICO ESTUARIES: NATIONAL COASTAL ASSESSMENT AND NATIONAL ESTUARY PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

Estuaries in the Gulf of Mexico have been monitored since 1991 to determine the condition of water, sediment, and biota. More recently, through the National Coastal Assessment (NCA), U.S. EPA has provided a comprehensive estimate of the condition of U.S. estuaries, including a re...

129

A summary of the U.S. Geological Survey National Water-Quality Assessment program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Beginning in 1986, the Congress appropriated funds for the U.S. Geological Survey to test and refine concepts for a National Water Quality Assessment Program. At present, the program is in a pilot phase with field studies occurring in seven areas around the Nation. In 1990, a committee of the National Academy of Sciences will complete an evaluation of the design and potential utility of the program. A decision about moving to full-scale implementation will be made upon completion of this evaluation. The program is intended to address a wide range of national water quality issues that include chemical contamination, acidification, eutrophication, salinity, sedimentation, and sanitary quality. The goals of the program are to: (1) provide nationally consistent descriptions of current water quality conditions for a large part of the Nation 's water resources; (2) define long-term trends (or lack of trends) in water quality; and (3) identify and describe the relations of both current conditions and trends in water quality to natural and human factors. This information will be provided to water managers, policy makers, and the public to provide an improved scientific basis for evaluating the effectiveness of water quality management programs and for predicting the likely effects of contemplated changes in land- and water-management practices. (USGS)

Hirsch, R.M.; Alley, W.M.; Wilber, W.G.

1988-01-01

130

Summary of the U. S. Geological Survey National Water Quality Assessment Program  

SciTech Connect

Beginning in 1986, the Congress appropriated funds for the US Geological Survey to test and refine concepts for a National Water Quality Assessment Program. At present, the program is in a pilot phase with field studies occurring in seven areas around the Nation. In 1990, a committee of the National Academy of Sciences will complete an evaluation of the design and potential utility of the program. A decision about moving to full-scale implementation will be made upon completion of the evaluation. The program is intended to address a wide range of national water quality issues that include chemical contamination, acidification, eutrophication, salinity, sedimentation, and sanitary quality. The goals of the program are to: (1) provide nationally consistent descriptions of current water quality conditions for a large part of the Nation's water resources; (2) define long-term trends in water quality; and (3) identify and describe the relations of both current conditions and trends in water quality to natural and human factors. This information will be provided to water managers, policy makers, and the public to provide an improved scientific basis for evaluating the effectiveness of water quality management programs and for predicting the likely effects of contemplated changes in land- and water-management practices.

Hirsh, R.M.; Alley, W.M.; Wilber, W.G.

1988-01-01

131

ASSISTANCE TO STATES IN PREPARING 1985 NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSIONS INVENTORY SUBMITTALS  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper describes the coordinated effort undertaken by the U.S. EPA to provide resources to the states for the delivery of a high quality emissions inventory within the schedule set by the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP), and will be of interest to indivi...

132

ANTHROPOGENIC EMISSIONS DATA FOR THE 1985 NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) INVENTORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The report documents the development of the anthropogenic emissions estimates to be used in the 1985 National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) Emissions Inventory. Point and area source data, spanning the contiguous U.S., focus on the NAPAP high priority pollutants S...

133

DEVELOPMENT OF THE 1980 NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSIONS INVENTORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The report documents the development of the 1980 National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) Emissions Inventory. The current version of the annual inventory, Version 5.0, and the related Version 5.2 Eulerian Modeling Inventory and Version 5.3 Regional Oxidant Modeling...

134

VOC (VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND EMISSION FACTORS FOR THE NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSION INVENTORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The report gives results of the generation of emission factors for volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions for a number of source classification categories (SCCs), as part of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP). Each SCC represents a process or function t...

135

AREA SOURCE DOCUMENTATION FOR THE 1985 NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM INVENTORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The report provides, to states and other participants and users of the 1985 National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program Emissions Inventory, a general understanding of the estimating procedures that will be used by NAPAP and EPA's Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards t...

136

A PHOENIX RISING: ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT PROGRAM AND THE COASTAL 2000 NATIONAL SURVEY  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of the Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program-Coastal Resources is to estimate the current status, extent, changes, and trends in ecological indicators of the condition of the nation's coastal resources (intertidal, subtidal, and offshore) on a regional and n...

137

Literacy for Living Conference Papers. Australian Council for Adult Literacy National Conference (12th, Brisbane, Australia, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 43 papers on many aspects of adult literacy: "Literacy, Human Rights and Equality of Opportunity" (Einfeld); "Overcoming Illiteracy" (Marquet); "The Literacy Issue" (Crocker); "Literacy and Civil Liberties" (O'Gorman); "Designing a Tutor Training Program for Tutors of ESL" (Bowyer); "Catch the Spirit" (Stephens); "Reading,…

Norton, Marian, Ed.

138

Developing Promotional Materials for Adult Literacy Programs. Practitioner Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a specific case of the READ Center--a community-based literacy organization (CBLO) in Richmond, Virginia--and its attempt to develop promotional materials that will encourage low-literate adults to enroll in literacy programs. The article also offers insight on how literacy organizations may utilize the practical experience…

Jae, Haeran

2014-01-01

139

Applying Diffusion Theory: Adoption of Media Literacy Programs in Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research indicates that 48 of the 50 states have school curricula frameworks that contain one or more elements that call for some form of media literacy education. Such findings indicate that media literacy is slowly becoming an integral part of school curricula. However, full adoption of media literacy programs has yet to occur.…

Yates, Bradford L.

140

Year 5 Booster Units. The National Literacy Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The eight units of work in this document are designed to complement existing literacy booster units. Each unit is based on teaching objectives from the National Literacy Strategy Framework. They have been produced with the help of Year 5 teachers and have been trialled with pupils in a range of schools. The units support teachers' work with Year 5…

Department for Education and Employment, London (England).

141

Strand Tracker: Non-Fiction Objectives. The National Literacy Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These materials aim to help teachers make explicit links between teaching in the Literacy Hour and in the rest of the curriculum. The materials map teaching objectives from England's National Literacy Strategy's (NLS) Framework for Teaching to various text types and lists NLS resources which can be used to support teaching and learning. Text types…

Department for Education and Skills, London (England).

142

National Standards for Financial Literacy: Rationale and Content  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "National Standards for Financial Literacy" describe the knowledge, understanding, and skills that are important for students to learn about personal finance. They are designed to guide teachers, school administrators, and other educators in developing curriculum and educational materials for teaching financial literacy. In this…

Bosshardt, William; Walstad, William B.

2014-01-01

143

Literacy of Older Adults in America. Results from the National Adult Literacy Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey (NALS) examined three types of literacy--prose, document, and quantitative--among the entire older adult population and various subgroups thereof. Of the nationally representative sample of 26,091 adults interviewed during the NALS, 2,267 were aged 60-69, 1,005 were aged 70-79, and 442 were at least 80 years…

Brown, Helen; And Others

144

Project GOLD: Growth Opportunities through Learning & Doing, Performance Reporting Period, November 1, 1996-February 28, 1998. National Workplace Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project "Growth Opportunities through Learning and Doing" (GOLD), Seminole Community College's basic skills update program, enrolled 107 students at 2 manufacturing facilities from April 1995-February 1998. Employees from Siemens Telecom Network (formerly known as Siemens Stromberg-Carlson) studied offsite in a classroom equipped with 10 computers…

Seminole Community Coll., Sanford, FL.

145

Literacy Assessment: A Collection of Articles from the Australian Literacy Educators' Association.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers 19 articles, published between 1992 and 2002 by the Australian Literacy Educators' Association, that present diverse viewpoints related to literacy assessment and reporting practices. Following an Introduction, articles in the book are: "Understanding the Influences on Teachers' Judgments in the Process of Assessing and Reporting…

Fehring, Heather, Ed.

146

Supporting English and Spanish Literacy through a Family Literacy Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family literacy studies have shown that the role of parental storybook reading has an impact on children's success in school-based literacy instruction. However, many children who are English language learners come from homes or cultures where storybook readings are not common practice. The purpose of this qualitative research study explored…

Wessels, Stephanie

2014-01-01

147

Preliminary assessment report for National Guard Facility, Installation 25255, Rehoboth, Massachusetts. Installation Restoration Program  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of the preliminary assessment (PA) conducted by Argonne National Laboratory at the Massachusetts Army National Guard (MAARNG) property known as the Rehoboth National Guard Facility (RNGF) in Rehoboth, Massachusetts. Preliminary assessments of federal facilities are being conducted to compile the information necessary for completing preremedial activities and to provide a basis for establishing corrective actions in response to releases of hazardous substances. The principal objective of the PA is to characterize the site accurately and determine the need for ftirther action by examining site activities, quantities of hazardous substances present, and potential pathways by which contamination could affect public health and the environment. This PA satisfies, for the RNGF property, phase I of the Department of Defense Installation Restoration Program (IRP). The scope of this assessment is limited to the facilities under the control of the MAARNG and the past activities contained within that area.

Haffenden, R.; Flaim, S.; Krokosz, M.

1993-08-01

148

Improving the Nation's Climate Literacy through the Next Generation Science Standards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Climate Literacy: The Essential Principles of Climate Science (2009) presented the information that is deemed important for individuals and communities to know and understand about Earth's climate, impacts of climate change, and approaches to adaptation or mitigation by a group of federal agencies, science and educational partners. These principles guided the development of the NRC Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas (2012) and the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS, 2013). National Science Foundation recently funded two partnership projects which support the implementation of the climate component of the NGSS using the Climate Literacy framework. The first project, the Climate Literacy and Energy Awareness Network (CLEAN), was launched in 2010 as a National Science Digital Library (NSDL) Pathways project. CLEAN's primary effort is to steward a collection of educational resources around energy and climate topics and foster a community that supports learning about climate and energy topics. CLEAN's focus has been to integrate the effective use of the educational resources across all grade levels - with a particular focus on the middle-school through undergraduate levels (grades 6-16) and align the resources with educational standards. The second project, the Maryland and Delaware Climate Change Education, Assessment and Research (MADE-CLEAR) program is supported by a Phase II Climate Change Education Partnership (CCEP) grant awarded to the University System of Maryland (USM) by the National Science Foundation. The MADE-CLEAR project's related goals are to support innovations in interdisciplinary P-20 (preschool through graduate school) climate change education, and develop new pathways for teacher education and professional development leading to expertise in climate change content and pedagogy. Work in Maryland, Delaware (MADE-CLEAR) and other states on the implementation of the NGSS, that will utilize the years of work, the efforts of hundreds of community members and tens of millions of dollars of investment and to increase the nations climate literacy, will be highlighted. We will particularly focus on the partnerships among MADE-CLEAR, NOAA and CLEAN. Climate science and energy are complex topics, with rapidly developing science and technology and the potential for controversy. The NGSS offer educators an opportunity to effectively bring these important subjects into their classrooms across a learning progression spanning K-12 and well beyond. Yet regardless of the pedagogic setting, using a literacy-based approach can provide a sound foundation for building learners' understanding of these topics. In this presentation, we will describe contributions by a group of collaborative projects and organizations to support the NGSS implementation through an integrated Earth system science approach in K-12 education.

Grogan, M.; Niepold, F.; Ledley, T. S.; Gold, A. U.; Breslyn, W. G.; Carley, S.

2013-12-01

149

HELP: Healthy Early Literacy Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A daily intensive supplemental reading and writing program was developed to assist students who were: 1. identified with a language disability and 2. identified as at-risk for reading failure in an urban elementary school. The purpose of the program was to help these students understand and develop the connection between oral and written language…

Rader, Laura A.

2008-01-01

150

Critical Media Literacy: TV Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Television programming has a huge impact on the lives of children. This lesson focuses on the stereotypical and racial messages that are portrayed through television programming with a focus on situational comedies. During the four 45-minute lessons, grade 6-8 students will: analyze portrayals of different groups of people in the media;…

Henry, Laurie

151

Assessing English literacy as a predictor of postschool outcomes in the lives of deaf individuals.  

PubMed

Lower English literacy achievement of deaf students is often hypothesized to be an impediment for successful adult life experiences. Yet, literacy practices that individuals engage in throughout their daily lives are much more complex than what school-based measures of English can capture and particularly so for deaf individuals. A national large-scale data set with a sample of over 1,000 deaf youths was used to assess what, precisely, standardized measures of literacy may predict in terms of postschool outcomes in three domains: life, employment, and education. Regression analyses indicate that these measures predicted some postschool outcomes, but not all, and if significant, only a small amount of variation in the outcomes was explained. Findings suggest that English literacy, particularly the narrow conceptualization of English literacy skills that are measured through school-based assessments, may not play a significant role in the lives of deaf individuals, contrary to expectations. PMID:24077877

Garberoglio, Carrie Lou; Cawthon, Stephanie W; Bond, Mark

2014-01-01

152

76 FR 19263 - National Financial Literacy Month, 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...requires the navigation of an increasingly complex financial system. As we recover from the worst economic...knowledgeable about the consequences of our financial decisions. During National Financial Literacy Month, we recommit to improving...

2011-04-06

153

34 CFR 464.1 - What is the State Literacy Resource Centers Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false What is the State Literacy Resource Centers Program? 464.1 Section...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STATE LITERACY RESOURCE CENTERS PROGRAM General § 464.1 What is the State Literacy Resource Centers Program? The State...

2012-07-01

154

34 CFR 464.1 - What is the State Literacy Resource Centers Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false What is the State Literacy Resource Centers Program? 464.1 Section...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STATE LITERACY RESOURCE CENTERS PROGRAM General § 464.1 What is the State Literacy Resource Centers Program? The State...

2010-07-01

155

34 CFR 464.1 - What is the State Literacy Resource Centers Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false What is the State Literacy Resource Centers Program? 464.1 Section...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STATE LITERACY RESOURCE CENTERS PROGRAM General § 464.1 What is the State Literacy Resource Centers Program? The State...

2011-07-01

156

Marketing Your Adult Literacy Program: A "How To" Manual. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a training module designed to help adult literacy program providers in New York and elsewhere to use the principles of social marketing to improve recruitment and retention in adult education programming. Literacy program providers are taught to view the social marketing process as a process of exchange between themselves as…

Smith, Barbara E.

157

Effective Literacy Coaching: Building Expertise and a Culture of Literacy: An ASCD Action Tool  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Effective Literacy Coaching: Building Expertise and a Culture of Literacy," literacy experts Shari Frost, Roberta Buhle, and Camille Blachowicz provide more than 50 practical activities designed to help K-12 literacy professionals: (1) Assess the current literacy program; (2) Plan changes that will foster a culture of literacy; (3) Collaborate…

Blachowicz, Camille L.Z.; Buhle, Roberta; Frost, Shari

2009-01-01

158

The effects of a community-based literacy program on young children's language and conceptual development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effects of a community-based literacy program on 1?, 2?, and 3-year-old children's language and conceptual development were\\u000a assessed. University students were trained to teach Head Start parents effective methods for reading to their children. Families\\u000a were randomly assigned to receive 18, 3, or 0 instructional visits. Results indicated that parents in the 18-instructional-visit\\u000a program increased their participation in appropriate literacy

Terry A. Cronan; Sonia G. Cruz; Rosa I. Arriaga; Andrew J. Sarkin

1996-01-01

159

Promising Effects of an Intervention: Young Children's Literacy Gains and Changes in Their Home Literacy Activities from a Bilingual Family Literacy Program in Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this paper was to examine promising effects of a bilingual family literacy program: to track the changes of families' literacy activities through a bilingual family literacy intervention, and to examine the children literacy gains in both Chinese and English across socioeconomic sub-groups. The intervention was an eight-week, two hours…

Zhang, Jing; Pelletier, Janette; Doyle, Antoinette

2010-01-01

160

Methods for collecting benthic invertebrate samples as part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Benthic invertebrate communities are evaluated as part of the ecological survey component of the U.S. Geological Survey's National Water-Quality Assessment Program. These biological data are collected along with physical and chemical data to assess water-quality conditions and to develop an understanding of the factors that affect water-quality conditions locally, regionally, and nationally. The objectives of benthic invertebrate community characterizations are to (1) develop for each site a list of tax a within the associated stream reach and (2) determine the structure of benthic invertebrate communities within selected habitats of that reach. A nationally consistent approach is used to achieve these objectives. This approach provides guidance on site, reach, and habitat selection and methods and equipment for qualitative multihabitat sampling and semi-quantitative single habitat sampling. Appropriate quality-assurance and quality-control guidelines are used to maximize the ability to analyze data within and among study units.

Cuffney, Thomas F.; Gurtz, Martin E.; Meador, Michael R.

1993-01-01

161

Methods for collecting algal samples as part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Benthic algae (periphyton) and phytoplankton communities are characterized in the U.S. Geological Survey's National Water-Quality Assessment Program as part of an integrated physical, chemical, and biological assessment of the Nation's water quality. This multidisciplinary approach provides multiple lines of evidence for evaluating water-quality status and trends, and for refining an understanding of the factors that affect water-quality conditions locally, regionally, and nationally. Water quality can be characterized by evaluating the results of qualitative and quantitative measurements of the algal community. Qualitative periphyton samples are collected to develop of list of taxa present in the sampling reach. Quantitative periphyton samples are collected to measure algal community structure within selected habitats. These samples of benthic algal communities are collected from natural substrates, using the sampling methods that are most appropriate for the habitat conditions. Phytoplankton samples may be collected in large nonwadeable streams and rivers to meet specific program objectives. Estimates of algal biomass (chlorophyll content and ash-free dry mass) also are optional measures that may be useful for interpreting water-quality conditions. A nationally consistent approach provides guidance on site, reach, and habitat selection, as well as information on methods and equipment for qualitative and quantitative sampling. Appropriate quality-assurance and quality-control guidelines are used to maximize the ability to analyze data locally, regionally, and nationally.

Porter, Stephen D.; Cuffney, Thomas F.; Gurtz, Martin E.; Meador, Michael R.

1993-01-01

162

Pollution prevention opportunity assessment for Sandia National Laboratories/California recycling programs.  

SciTech Connect

This Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment (PPOA) was conducted for the Sandia National Laboratories/California (SNL/CA) Environmental Management Department between May 2006 and March 2007, to evaluate the current site-wide recycling program for potential opportunities to improve the efficiency of the program. This report contains a summary of the information collected and analyses performed with recommended options for implementation. The SNL/NM Pollution Prevention (P2) staff worked with the SNL/CA P2 Staff to arrive at these options.

Wrons, Ralph Jordan; Vetter, Douglas Walter

2007-07-01

163

The aurora, Mars, and more! Increasing science content in elementary grades through art and literacy programs in earth and space science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although reading, writing, and math examinations are often conducted early in elementary school, science is not typically tested until 4th or 5th grade. The result is a refocus on the tested topics at the expense of the untested ones, despite that standards exist for each topic at all grades. On a national level, science instruction is relegated to a matter of a few hours per week. A 2007 Education Policy study states that elementary school students spend an average of 178 minutes a week on science while spending 500 minutes on literacy. A recent NSTA report in July of elementary and middle school teachers confirms that teachers feel pressured to teach math and literacy at the expense of other programs. One unintended result is that teachers in grades where science is tested must play catch-up with students for them to be successful on the assessment. A unique way to combat the lack of science instruction at elementary grades is to combine literacy, social studies, and math into an integrated science program, thereby increasing the number of science contact hours. The Dancing Lights program, developed at the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, is a science, art, and literacy program about the aurora designed to easily fit into a typical 3rd-5th grade instructional day. It mirrors other successful literacy programs and will provide a basis for the literacy program being developed for the upcoming MAVEN mission to Mars. We will present early findings, as well as "lessons learned" during our development and implementation of the Dancing Lights program and will highlight our goals for the MAVEN mission literacy program.

Renfrow, S.; Wood, E. L.

2011-12-01

164

Revised Methods for Characterizing Stream Habitat in the National Water-Quality Assessment Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Stream habitat is characterized in the U.S. Geological Survey's National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program as part of an integrated physical, chemical, and biological assessment of the Nation's water quality. The goal of stream habitat characterization is to relate habitat to other physical, chemical, and biological factors that describe water-quality conditions. To accomplish this goal, environmental settings are described at sites selected for water-quality assessment. In addition, spatial and temporal patterns in habitat are examined at local, regional, and national scales. This habitat protocol contains updated methods for evaluating habitat in NAWQA Study Units. Revisions are based on lessons learned after 6 years of applying the original NAWQA habitat protocol to NAWQA Study Unit ecological surveys. Similar to the original protocol, these revised methods for evaluating stream habitat are based on a spatially hierarchical framework that incorporates habitat data at basin, segment, reach, and microhabitat scales. This framework provides a basis for national consistency in collection techniques while allowing flexibility in habitat assessment within individual Study Units. Procedures are described for collecting habitat data at basin and segment scales; these procedures include use of geographic information system data bases, topographic maps, and aerial photographs. Data collected at the reach scale include channel, bank, and riparian characteristics.

Fitzpatrick, Faith A.; Waite, Ian R.; D'Arconte, Patricia J.; Meador, Michael R.; Maupin, Molly A.; Gurtz, Martin E.

1998-01-01

165

Assessment of Two School-Based Programs to Prevent Universal Eating Disorders: Media Literacy and Theatre-Based Methodology in Spanish Adolescent Boys and Girls  

PubMed Central

Aims. To evaluate the long-term effects of two school-based prevention programs administered to a universal mixed-sex sample of school-going adolescents on disturbed eating attitudes, aesthetic ideal internalization, and other eating disorder risk factors, when compared to a control group. Methods. Participants were 200 adolescents aged 12–15 selected by means of incidental sampling from second-year compulsory secondary education at schools. An interactive multimedia media literacy program (ML + NUT, Media Literacy and Nutrition) and a program focused on the same topics using dramatic arts (Theatre Alive) were applied and compared with a control group. Pretest, posttest (1 month later), and 5- and 13-month follow-up measurements were taken. Analyses were conducted with two-way mixed 3 × 3 ANCOVA (group × phase) adjusted by baseline levels, body mass index, and sex. Results. Participants in both experimental groups showed significantly higher self-esteem scores than the control group over time. The ML + NUT group also presented lower aesthetic ideal internalization scores than the control group. Discussion. Both programs can benefit students' self-esteem. Moreover, ML + NUT program was useful in reducing thin-ideal internalization. However, differences in body dissatisfaction and disordered eating attitudes were not found. The programs may be protective on the core psychological variables, which are essential to adaptive adolescent development. PMID:25802888

Mora, Marisol; Penelo, Eva; Gutiérrez, Teresa; Espinoza, Paola; González, Marcela L.; Raich, Rosa M.

2015-01-01

166

An Evaluability Assessment of the Toyota Families in Schools Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Toyota Families in Schools (TFS) Program is a new family literacy initiative that was developed by the National Center for Family Literacy (NCFL) with support from the Toyota Motor Corporation. TFS is based on a previous NCFL model calling for providing literacy activities to preschoolers and parents from low-income families. NCFL wanted to…

Quint, Janet

167

Globalising Assessment: An Ethnography of Literacy Assessment, Camels and Fast Food in the Mongolian Gobi  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What happens when standardised literacy assessments travel globally? The paper presents an ethnographic account of adult literacy assessment events in rural Mongolia. It examines the dynamics of literacy assessment in terms of the movement and re-contextualisation of test items as they travel globally and are received locally by Mongolian…

Maddox, Bryan

2014-01-01

168

National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program: Acidic deposition: An inventory of non-Federal research, monitoring, and assessment information  

SciTech Connect

The Acid Precipitation Act of 1990 (Title VII of the Energy Security Act of 1980, P.L. 96-294) established the Interagency Task Force on Acid Precipitation to develop and implement the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP). The information included in the document was provided to NAPAP's Task Group Leaders and State-of-Science and State-of-Technology authors in July 1989. The early release was intended to assure that the authors would be aware of the information at an early phase in the assessment production process.

Herrick, C.N.

1990-01-01

169

Exploring the Literacy Practices of Refugee Families Enrolled in a Book Distribution Program and an Intergenerational Family Literacy Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ethnographic study presents findings of the literacy practices of Burmese refugee families and their interaction with a book distribution program paired with an intergenerational family literacy program. The project was organized at the level of Bronfenbrenner's exosystem (in "Ecology of human development". Cambridge, Harvard…

Singh, Sunita; Sylvia, Monica R.; Ridzi, Frank

2015-01-01

170

75 FR 69986 - Striving Readers Comprehensive Literacy Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...and Evidence and Evaluation. The afternoon session...Striving.readers.comprehensive.literacy@ed.gov...schools? Evidence and Evaluation (1) In order to have...outcomes so as to inform continuous program improvement...independent State evaluations of the program,...

2010-11-16

171

Predictors of Numeracy Performance in National Testing Programs: Insights from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is based on an exploratory study that examines factors which predict children's performance on the numeracy component of the Australian National Assessment Program--Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN). Utilizing an ecological theoretical model, this study examines child, home and school variables which may enable or constrain NAPLAN…

Carmichael, Colin; MacDonald, Amy; McFarland-Piazza, Laura

2014-01-01

172

The National Literacy Strategy: A Critical Review of Empirical Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines three areas that are of central importance to the pedagogy of the National Literacy Strategy Framework for Teaching (FFT) at primary level: inspection evidence; school effectiveness (SE) research; and child development evidence. Analysis of national inspection reports on the teaching of English illustrates that these cannot…

Wyse, Dominic

2003-01-01

173

Revised Protocols for Sampling Algal, Invertebrate, and Fish Communities as Part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Algal, invertebrate, and fish communities are characterized as part of ecological studies in the U.S. Geological Survey.s National Water-Quality Assessment Program. Information from these ecological studies, together with chemical and physical data, provide an integrated assessment of water quality at local, regional, and national scales. Analysis and interpretation of water-quality data at these various geographic scales require accurate and consistent application of sampling protocols and sample-processing procedures. This report revises and unifies into a single document the algal, invertebrate, and fish community sampling protocols used in the National Water-Quality Assessment Program.

Moulton, Stephen R., II; Kennen, Jonathan G.; Goldstein, Robert M.; Hambrook, Julie A.

2002-01-01

174

Strengthening Connections between Information Literacy, General Education, and Assessment Efforts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses academic library instruction and librarians' collaboration with faculty to promote information literacy. Highlights include the education reform movement; strategic alliances; partnerships within a multicampus higher education system to promote information literacy; and assessment of the library's role as a key component of…

Rockman, Ilene F.

2002-01-01

175

International Computer and Information Literacy Study: Assessment Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the International Computer and Information Literacy Study 2013 (ICILS 2013) is to investigate, in a range of countries, the ways in which young people are developing "computer and information literacy" (CIL) to support their capacity to participate in the digital age. To achieve this aim, the study will assess student…

Fraillon, Julian; Schulz, Wolfram; Ainley, John

2013-01-01

176

Recommendations for Cycle II of National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Planning Team for the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program defines a successful NAWQA Program as one that makes a balanced contribution to study-unit issues, national issues, and to the pursuit of scientific knowledge. Using this criterion, NAWQA has been a success. The program has provided important new knowledge and understanding of scientific processes, and insights into the occurrence and distribution of contaminants that have been key to local and national policy decisions. Most of the basic design characteristics of NAWQA's first decade (1991-2000), hereafter called cycle I) remain appropriate as the program enters its second decade (cycle II) in 2001. In cycle II, the program has the opportunity to build on its successful base and to evolve to take advantage of the knowledge generated in cycle I. In addition to this expected evolution, NAWQA must also make some changes to compensate for the fact that program funding has not kept pace with inflation. An important theme for the second cycle of NAWQA will be the integration of knowledge across scales and across disciplines. The question that drove the NAWQA design in the first cycle was "How is water quality related to land use?" Cycle II will build upon what was learned in cycle I and use land-use and water-quality gradients to identify and understand potential sources of various constituents and the processes affecting transport and fate of those constituents and their effects on receptors. The understanding we gain from applying this approach will be relevant to the interests of policymakers, regulatory agencies, and resource managers.

NAWQA Planning Team; Mallard, Gail E.; Armbruster, Jeffrey T.; Broshears, Robert E.; Evenson, Eric J.; Luoma, Samuel N.; Phillips, Patrick J.; Prince, Keith R.

1999-01-01

177

Ontology development for provenance tracing in National Climate Assessment of the US Global Change Research Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This poster will show how we used a case-driven iterative methodology to develop an ontology to represent the content structure and the associated provenance information in a National Climate Assessment (NCA) report of the US Global Change Research Program (USGCRP). We applied the W3C PROV-O ontology to implement a formal representation of provenance. We argue that the use case-driven, iterative development process and the application of a formal provenance ontology help efficiently incorporate domain knowledge from earth and environmental scientists in a well-structured model interoperable in the context of the Web of Data.

Fu, Linyun; Ma, Xiaogang; Zheng, Jin; Goldstein, Justin; Duggan, Brian; West, Patrick; Aulenbach, Steve; Tilmes, Curt; Fox, Peter

2014-05-01

178

The Converging Literacies Center: An Integrated Model for Writing Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Converging Literacies Center (CLiC) is a deeply integrated model for writing programs, bringing together the writing center, first-year writing, basic writing, professional development activities, graduate coursework, and research activities to re-imagine and support twenty-first-century literacies. What is unique about CLiC is not merely the…

Carter, Shannon; Dunbar-Odom, Donna

2009-01-01

179

Visual Literacy: A Child-Centered Reading Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The underlying theory of the Teacher Corps Rural-Migrant programs in visual literacy is developed in this paper. The primary objective of teaching communication skills to non-native speakers of English through the use of motion picture cameras is detailed in discussion of how visual literacy motivates students and improves curriculum development.…

Heffernan-Cabrera, Patricia; And Others

180

Transitions: A Mental Health Literacy Program for Postsecondary Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Enhancement of mental health literacy is a mental health promotion strategy that may be effective at destigmatizing mental illness and increasing self-seeking behavior. Transitions is a mental health literacy program intended to heighten students' awareness and discussion of mental health problems and promote help-seeking behaviors. Transitions…

Potvin-Boucher, Jacqueline; Szumilas, Magdalena; Sheikh, Tabinda; Kutcher, Stan

2010-01-01

181

Starlite Workplace Literacy Program. Final Closeout Performance Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Star Team Acquiring Rewards in Literacy and Insights Through Education (STARLITE) program was implemented to improve the job proficiency of employees at the Pacific Star Hotel, Guam. Its goal was to provide employees with both workplace literacy skills and employability skills. An audit was completed in each department of the hotel. Modules…

Reyes, Lolita C.

182

Toward Women's Empowerment through Literacy Programs: The Tanzanian Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 100 women and 14 literacy teachers/administrators in Tanzania suggests that literacy is considered an abstract value and not a tool for women's empowerment. Women's desire to learn is often frustrated by program content that does not reflect political, social, cultural, and economic realities. (SK)

Bhalalusesa, Eustella

1996-01-01

183

Assessment of factors influencing retention in the Philippine National Rural Physician Deployment Program  

PubMed Central

Background The ‘Doctors to the Barrios’ (DTTB) Program was launched in 1993 in response to the shortage of doctors in remote communities in the Philippines. While the Program has attracted physicians to work in such areas for the prescribed 2-year period, ongoing monitoring shows that very few chose to remain there for longer and be absorbed by their Local Government Unit (LGU). This assessment was carried out to explore the reasons for the low retention rates and to propose possible strategies to reverse the trend. Methods A mixed methods approach was used comprising a self-administered questionnaire for members of the current cohort of DTTBs, and oral interviews with former DTTBs. Results Among former DTTBs, the wish to serve rural populations was the most widely cited motivation. By comparison, among the current cohort of DTTBs, more than half joined the Program due to return of service obligations; a quarter to help rural populations, and some out of an interest in public health. Those who joined the Program to return service experienced significantly less satisfaction, whilst those who joined out of an interest in public health were significantly more satisfied with their rural work. Those who graduated from medical schools in the National Capital Region were significantly more critical about their compensation and perceived there to be fewer options for leisure in rural areas. With regard to the factors impeding retention, lack of support from the LGU was most frequently mentioned, followed by concerns about changes in compensation upon absorption by the LGU, family issues and career advancement. Conclusions Through improved collaboration with the Department of Health, LGUs need to strengthen the support provided to DTTBs. Priority could be given to those acting out of a desire to help rural populations or having an interest in public health, and those who have trained outside of the National Capital Region. Whether physicians should be able to use the Program to fulfil return service obligations should be critically assessed. PMID:23167701

2012-01-01

184

Science Framework for the 2011 National Assessment of Educational Progress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) and its reports are a key measure in informing the nation on how well the goal of scientific literacy for all students is being met. The "Science Framework for the 2011 National Assessment of Educational Progress" sets forth the design of the NAEP Science Assessment. The 2011 NAEP Science…

National Assessment Governing Board, 2010

2010-01-01

185

Historic Australian Conceptualisations of English, Literacy and Multimodality in Policy and Curriculum and Conflicts with Educational Accountability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attainment of functional English literacy skills by all students has been a focus of Australian national policy since the 1989 Hobart Declaration (MCEETYA, 1989). This focus underpins current educational accountability policy enacted through the National Assessment Program-Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN). The Adelaide and Melbourne Declarations…

Cumming, Joy; Kimber, Kay; Wyatt-Smith, Claire

2011-01-01

186

Literacies Crossing Borders: Transfronterizo Literacy Practices of Students in a Dual Language Program on the USA-Mexico Border  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on transnational literacies has generally focused on youth who live in one country and communicate using digital literacies across national boundaries. Our work contributes to this literature by providing a view of transnational literacies that are unique to the USA-Mexico border region. The students in this ethnographic study navigate…

de la Piedra, Maria Teresa; Araujo, Blanca E.

2012-01-01

187

An Evaluation of a Media Literacy Program Training Workshop for Late Elementary School Teachers  

PubMed Central

The present study examined the efficacy of a media literacy education, substance abuse prevention training workshop for late elementary school teachers. Analyses revealed that the randomly assigned intervention (n = 18) and control (n = 23) teachers were similar in demographic characteristics and pre-training beliefs and knowledge. Teachers who participated in the workshop reported stronger beliefs in the importance of and familiarity with media literacy education and scored higher on a direct assessment of media deconstruction skills than teachers in the control group. Teachers reported positive program assessment ratings. This randomized controlled trial provides evidence that a one-day teacher training workshop on media literacy education is effective at improving teachers’ beliefs and knowledge about media literacy that are relevant for successful student outcomes. PMID:23275894

Scull, Tracy Marie; Kupersmidt, Janis Beth

2012-01-01

188

University of Maryland Sustainability Literacy Assessment Nicole Horvath  

E-print Network

University of Maryland Sustainability Literacy Assessment Nicole Horvath Graduate Student in Conservation Biology and Sustainable Development University of Maryland nhorvath@umd.edu Mark Stewart Sustainability Manager University of Maryland stewartm@umd.edu Office of Sustainability University of Maryland

Li, Teng

189

Occupational stress and coping mechanisms as perceived by the directors of adult literacy educational programs in Texas  

E-print Network

The purpose of this study was to identify and assess the stressors and coping mechanisms related to job performance as perceived by directors of adult literacy education programs in Texas. This research also attempted to determine whether there were...

Austin, Melinda Weatherford

2005-08-29

190

Year 6 Planning Exemplification. National Literacy Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

First in a series, this booklet contains suggestions for planning literacy in Year 6. This Year 6 plan for 2001-2002 and the short-term unit plan for narrative writing are a distillation of the work of a representative group of Year 6 teachers. It contains the Year 6 Term 1 Units 2 and 5 on Narrative Writing. It begins with an outline of the basic…

Department for Education and Skills, London (England).

191

Literacy: International, National, State, and Local. Yearbook of the American Reading Forum, Volume XI.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains papers which consider literacy issues at all levels from preschool to reading and the aging. The book includes discussions of cultural literacy, computer literacy, the reading/writing connection, adult basic literacy, measurement of reading and writing, special reading programs, and reading research. The following papers are…

Hayes, Bernard L., Ed.; Camperell, Kay, Ed.

192

Teachers' Classroom Assessment Practices and Fourth-Graders' Reading Literacy Achievements: An International Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, through multilevel analyses of the data of four English-speaking nations (i.e., Canada, England, New Zealand and the United States) from the Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) 2001 database, investigated the relationship between teachers' uses of various types of classroom assessments and their fourth-graders'…

Hao, Shiqi; Johnson, Robert L.

2013-01-01

193

National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program  

E-print Network

by the schedule and requested by management. Such audits shall be carried out by trained and qualified personnel and Management Reviews #12;National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program Pre-assessment... · A laboratory;National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program Pre-assessment... · A laboratory's management review

194

Reading Comprehension Strategies for Adult Literacy Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because an adult's literacy is measured on different dimensions from a child's or youth's, several competency-based, standardized tests of literacy are commonly accepted as reasonable proxies for the global construct of adult literacy. Tests such as The Adult Basic Learning Examination (ABLE), Comprehension Adult Student Assessment System (CASAS), Test of Adult Basic Education (TABE), National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAALS),

Mike Hock; Daryl Mellard

2005-01-01

195

Preliminary assessment report for Redmond Army National Guard Facility, Installation 53120, Redmond, Washington. Installation Restoration Program  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of the preliminary assessment (PA) conducted by Argonne National Laboratory at the Washington Army National Guard (WAARNG) property in Redmond, Washington. Preliminary assessments of federal facilities are being conducted to compile the information necessary for completing preremedial activities and to provide a basis for establishing corrective actions in response to releases of hazardous substances. The principal objective of the PA is to characterize the site accurately and determine the need for further action by examining site activities, quantities of hazardous substances present, and potential pathways by which contamination could affect public health and the environment. This PA satisfies, for the Redmond ARNG property, Phase I of the Department of Defense Installation Restoration Program. The environmentally significant operations (ESOs) associated with the property are (1) supply/storage of hazardous materials, (2) weapons cleaning, (3) the underground storage tanks (USTs), and (4) the use of herbicides. These ESOs are no longer active because of the closure of OMS 10 activities in 1988.

Ketels, P.; Aggarwal, P.

1993-08-01

196

Technology and Current Reading/Literacy Assessment Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer-based technologies offer promise as a means to assess students and provide teachers with better understandings of their students' achievement. This article describes recent developments in computer-based and web-based reading and literacy assessment, focusing on assessment administration, information management, and report creation. In…

Balajthy, Ernest

2007-01-01

197

Performance-Based Assessment in an Online Course: Comparing Different Types of Information Literacy Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates whether the type of instruction (a single face-to-face librarian-led instruction, instructor-led instruction, or an online IL course--the Online Research Lab) has an impact on student information literacy gains in a Freshman English Composition program. A performance-based assessment was carried out by analyzing…

Mery, Yvonne; Newby, Jill; Peng, Ke

2012-01-01

198

Beyond Decoding: Literacy and Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue contains 21 articles discussing library-sponsored literacy programs, tutoring and programming techniques, and state and national efforts. The articles include: (1) "Beyond Decoding: Literacy and Libraries--Introduction" (Amy Spaulding); (2) "Libraries: Natural Centers for Literacy" (Jacqueline Cook); (3) "Kids Who Read Can Succeed"…

Bookmark, 1992

1992-01-01

199

The Pennsylvania Adult Basic & Literacy Education Handbook for Program Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook is an introduction to the topics that adult basic and literacy education (ABLE) program administrators need to know. The 77 articles by various authors are divided into 6 sections. "A Background for the ABLE Program Administrator" covers the definition of a program administrator, a guiding philosophy, a brief history of adult…

Reiff, Tana, Ed.

200

Evaluating Deaf Students' Readiness to Meet the English Language and Literacy Demands of Postsecondary Educational Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate alternative methods for evaluating deaf students' readiness to meet the English language and literacy demands of postsecondary educational programs. In the first part of the study, scores obtained by a large sample of deaf students on the ACT Assessment (ACT Composite score and scores on the ACT English…

Bochner, Joseph H.; Walter, Gerard G.

2005-01-01

201

Myth #11: The "Feds" Are Readying a Campaign on Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the light of recent initiatives, new questions have arisen regarding the federal role in literacy. Although federal adult literacy efforts have been ineffective, the link between literacy and the productivity of the work force may justify a stronger national investment in literacy. Among the major federally supported literacy programs are the…

Literacy Beat, 1989

1989-01-01

202

The Early Intervention Solution: Enabling or Constraining Literacy Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current policy, media and curriculum initiatives across western nations are drawing literacy and literacy pedagogy toward enticingly simplistic understandings of literacy as commodity. Increasingly they focus on "fixing" perceived literacy problems by assuming the primacy of early years literacy and "top-up" intervention programs. In the wash-up…

Woods, Annette; Henderson, Robyn

2008-01-01

203

A National Assessment of Faculty Hiring Criteria and Procedures in Health Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed current criteria and procedures used when hiring health education faculty. One hundred thirty two program heads/coordinators of health education programs listed in the "AAHE 2001 Directory of Institutions" completed a mailed 45-item survey on hiring criteria and procedures. Results indicated that 90% of programs had conducted a…

Rojas-Guyler, Liliana; King, Keith A.; Cottrell, Randall

2004-01-01

204

Health Literacy Skills in Rural and Urban Populations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To determine whether health literacy is lower in rural populations. Method: We analyzed health, prose, document, and quantitative literacy from the National Assessment of Adult Literacy study. Metropolitan Statistical Area designated participants as rural or urban. Results: Rural populations had lower literacy levels for all literacy

Zahnd, Whitney E.; Scaife, Steven L.; Francis, Mark L.

2009-01-01

205

National Assessment of Title I: Interim Report. Volume II: Closing the Reading Gap: First Year Findings from a Randomized Trial of Four Reading Interventions for Striving Readers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to the National Assessment of Educational Progress, nearly 4 in 10 fourth graders read below the basic level. These literacy problems get worse as students advance through school and are exposed to progressively more complex concepts and courses. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of four remedial reading programs

Torgesen, Joseph; Myers, David; Schirm, Allen; Stuart, Elizabeth; Vartivarian, Sonya; Mansfield, Wendy; Stancavage, Fran; Durno, Donna; Javorsky, Rosanne; Haan, Cinthia

2006-01-01

206

Literacy for What? Literacy for Whom? The Politics of Literacy Education and Neocolonialism in UNESCO- and World Bank-Sponsored Literacy Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores literacy education, especially the kinds practiced and promoted by organizations such as the World Bank and the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), as a form of neocolonialism. Although researchers in other educational contexts have examined how schooling and education operate as a form…

Wickens, Corrine M.; Sandlin, Jennifer A.

2007-01-01

207

Using comics to increase literacy and assess student learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Formative assessment strategies and the integration of literacy pose two of the many hurdles teachers face. With the pressure of standardized test scores hanging over everyone's heads, finding class time to integrate these essential strategies is at a premium. By integrating comics with quick, formative written assessment, you can kill the proverbial two birds with one stone.

Schwaller, Terry

2013-02-01

208

Assessing the impact participation in science journalism activities has on scientific literacy among high school students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of the National Science Foundation Science Literacy through Science Journalism (SciJourn) research and development initiative (http://www.scijourn.org ; Polman, Saul, Newman, and Farrar, 2008) a quasi-experimental design was used to investigate what impact incorporating science journalism activities had on students' scientific literacy. Over the course of a school year students participated in a variety of activities culminating in the production of science news articles for Scijourner, a regional print and online high school science news magazine. Participating teachers and SciJourn team members collaboratively developed activities focused on five aspects of scientific literacy: placing information into context, recognizing relevance, evaluating factual accuracy, use of multiple credible sources and information seeking processes. This study details the development process for the Scientific Literacy Assessment (SLA) including validity and reliability studies, evaluates student scientific literacy using the SLA, examines student SLA responses to provide a description of high school students' scientific literacy, and outlines implications of the findings in relation to the National Research Council's A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas (2012) and classroom science teaching practices. Scientifically literate adults acting as experts in the assessment development phase informed the creation of a scoring guide that was used to analyze student responses. Experts tended to draw on both their understanding of science concepts and life experiences to formulate answers; paying close attention to scientific factual inaccuracies, sources of information, how new information fit into their view of science and society as well as targeted strategies for information seeking. Novices (i.e., students), in contrast, tended to ignore factual inaccuracies, showed little understanding about source credibility and suggested unproductive information seeking strategies. However, similar to the experts, novices made references to both scientific and societal contexts. The expert/novice comparison provides a rough description of a developmental continuum of scientific literacy. The findings of this study including student results and Generalized Linear Mixed Modeling suggest that the incorporation of science journalism activities focused on STEM issues can improve student scientific literacy. Incorporation of a wide variety of strategies raised scores on the SLA. Teachers who included a writing and revision process that prioritized content had significantly larger gains in student scores. Future studies could broaden the description of high school student scientific literacy and measured by the SLA and provide alternative pathways for developing scientific literacy as envisioned by SciJourn and the NRC Frameworks.

Farrar, Cathy

209

The Integration of Literacy and Geography: The Arizona GeoLiteracy Program's Effect on Reading Comprehension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To provide the first interstate quasi-experimental assessment on the power of content integration in building reading skills, the authors studied the effects on reading comprehension of GeoLiteracy--a K-8 package of 85 lessons that teaches geography in the context of practicing reading and writing skills. Ninety-six third through eighth grade…

Hinde, Elizabeth R.; Osborn Popp, Sharon E.; Dorn, Ronald I.; Ekiss, Gale Olp; Mater, Martha; Smith, Carl B.; Libbee, Michael

2007-01-01

210

Meaningful Learning? Gendered Experiences with an NGO-Sponsored Literacy Program in Rural Mali  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the effectiveness of an NGO-sponsored literacy program in rural Mali. The study employs ethnographic techniques to examine the type of literacy instruction provided, the level of participation, the meanings of literacy to participants, and the contextual factors that influence the social and personal effects of literacy. The…

Fuhriman, Addie; Ballif-Spanvill, Bonnie; Ward, Carol; Solomon, Yodit; Widdison-Jones, Kacey

2006-01-01

211

The Importance of Interpersonal Relations in Adult Literacy Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2002-03, a qualitative case study explored the perspectives of 70 stakeholders connected to two community-based adult literacy programs in Manitoba, Canada. Four themes emerged from within-case and cross-case analyses of the data: program design, human relations, community context, and financial support. Instructor-learner and learner-learner…

Terry, Marion

2006-01-01

212

Information Literacy Program ANU Library anulib.anu.edu.au/training  

E-print Network

;#12;WebWise Information Literacy Program Table of Contents Using Search Engines for academic research ............................................................................................. 21 Search Engine Glossary ........................................................................................ 24 #12;#12;WebWise Information Literacy Program 1 Using Search Engines for academic research

213

Empowering Leaders in a Master's in Literacy Program: Teacher Candidates' Self-Efficacy and Self-Perception as Literacy Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine how the experiences in a master's in literacy program are preparing teacher candidates to be school leaders and to examine candidates' self-perception as literacy leaders before, during, and after the program. Data sources include surveys, field notes, course syllabi, assignments, and rubrics.…

Mongillo, Geraldine; Lawrence, Salika A.; Hong, Carrie E.

2012-01-01

214

Preliminary assessment report for National Guard Training Center, Georgia Army National Guard, Fort Stewart, Georgia. Installation restoration program  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of the preliminary assessment (PA) conducted by Argonne National Laboratory at the Georgia Army National Guard (GAARNG) facility near Hinesville, Georgia, known as the National Guard Training Center (NGTC). Preliminary assessments of federal facilities are being conducted to compile the information necessary for completing preremedial activities and to provide a priority basis for completing corrective actions (where necessary) in response to releases of hazardous substances. The principal objective of the PA is to characterize the site accurately and determine the need for further action by examining previous site activities, types and quantities of hazardous substances utilized, and potential pathways by which contamination could affect public health and the environment. The scope of this assessment is limited to the facilities and past activities contained within the NGTC. Preliminary assessment site score sheet information is also provided for the NGTC. However, this assessment report is intended to be read in conjunction with a previous IRP assessment of Fort Stewart completed in 1992 (USATHAMA 1992) and to provide comprehensive information on the NGTC area for incorporation with information contained in that previous assessment for the entirety of Fort Stewart.

Not Available

1993-07-01

215

NPEC Sourcebook on Assessment: Definitions and Assessment Methods for Communication, Leadership, Information Literacy, Quantitative Reasoning, and Quantitative Skills. NPEC 2005-0832  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Faculty, instructional staff, and assessment professionals are interested in student outcomes assessment processes and tools that can be used to improve learning experiences and academic programs. How can students' skills be assessed effectively? What assessments measure skills in communication? Leadership? Information literacy? Quantitative…

Jones, Elizabeth A.; RiCharde, Stephen

2005-01-01

216

Extending the Assessment of Literacy as Social Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores how the FETAC standards and processes at Levels 1 and 2 can be used to recognise literacy as a social practice. A summary review of the development of the National Framework of Qualifications is provided. Levels 1 to 4 in Ireland are compared with three key international frameworks, including OECD levels and those in Northern…

Stewart, John

2011-01-01

217

The Statistical Literacy Needed to Interpret School Assessment Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

State-wide and national testing in areas such as literacy and numeracy produces reports containing graphs and tables illustrating school and individual performance. These are intended to inform teachers, principals, and education organisations about student and school outcomes, to guide change and improvement. Given the complexity of the…

Chick, Helen; Pierce, Robyn

2013-01-01

218

Characteristics of an Effective Writing Literacy Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning to write is an arduous undertaking for every student; for deaf and hard of hearing students, it can be particularly difficult. Too often, they arrive in school with minimal literacy skills, experience subsequent difficulties in writing standard English, and, unfortunately, still graduate with reading levels below those of their hearing…

Mascia Reed, Candi

2012-01-01

219

Models of Excellence: A Review of Ohio's Award-Winning Workplace Literacy Programs. 1996 Supplement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document profiles Ohio's seven award-winning workplace literacy programs. The workplace literacy programs described are offered by a mix of urban and rural firms which employ between 85 and 2,323 individuals in a variety of sectors. The workplace literacy programs offered by the following firms are described: Cleveland Track Material; L.J.…

Baechlin, Dan; Proper, Len

220

Study plan for urban stream indicator sites of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Urban Indicator Sites are one component of the U.S. Geological Survey?s National Water- Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program. The objectives of monitoring at the Urban Indicator Sites are to: (1) characterize stream quality from drainage basins with predominantly residential and commercial land use, and (2) determine which selected natural and human factors most strongly affect stream quality. Urban Indicator Sites will be distributed across the United States in settings with statistically different climate and in metropolitan areas that have a population of 250,000 or more. Multiple sites in the same climatic setting will have a range in population density. Ideally, Urban Indicator Sites will monitor drainage basins that have only residential and commercial land use, are 50 square kilometers or larger, are in the same physiographic setting as other Indicator Sites, have sustained flow, and overlap other NAWQA study components. Ideal drainage basins will not have industrial or agricultural land use and will not have point-source-contamination discharges. Stream quality will be characterized by collecting and analyzing samples of streamflow, bed sediment, and tissue of aquatic organisms for selected constituents. Factors affecting stream quality will be determined by statistical analysis of ancillary data associated with Urban Indicator Sites and stream-quality samples.

Lopes, T.J.; Price, C.V.

1997-01-01

221

Changing Approaches to Workplace Literacy (Changes in Literacy).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes workplace literacy pilot programs carried out by the National Automotive Language and Literacy Coordination Unit in the Australian automotive industry. Discusses their systematic and integrated approach to language and literacy issues within the context of accredited mainstream training rather than via separate bridging or remedial…

Waterhouse, Peter J.; Deakin, Rosemary

1995-01-01

222

A National Plan for Research and Development in Adult Education and Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the national plan for research and development (R&D) in adult education and literacy that was developed by the National Institute for Literacy (NIFL). The document begins by explaining the process used to develop the plan, which included conducting a literature review, obtaining input from a national steering group, and…

Reddy, Lynn, Ed.

223

Engineering Sustainable Solutions Program: Critical Literacies for Engineers Portfolio  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: While a number of universities in Australia have embraced concepts such as project/problem-based learning and design of innovative learning environments for engineering education, there has been a lack of national guidance on including sustainability as a "critical literacy" into all engineering streams. This paper was presented at the…

Paten, Cheryl J. K.; Palousis, Nicholas; Hargroves, Karlson; Smith, Michael

2005-01-01

224

Ontology development for provenance tracing in National Climate Assessment of the US Global Change Research Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The periodical National Climate Assessment (NCA) of the US Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) [1] produces reports about findings of global climate change and the impacts of climate change on the United States. Those findings are of great public and academic concerns and are used in policy and management decisions, which make the provenance information of findings in those reports especially important. The USGCRP is developing a Global Change Information System (GCIS), in which the NCA reports and associated provenance information are the primary records. We were modeling and developing Semantic Web applications for the GCIS. By applying a use case-driven iterative methodology [2], we developed an ontology [3] to represent the content structure of a report and the associated provenance information. We also mapped the classes and properties in our ontology into the W3C PROV-O ontology [4] to realize the formal presentation of provenance. We successfully implemented the ontology in several pilot systems for a recent National Climate Assessment report (i.e., the NCA3). They provide users the functionalities to browse and search provenance information with topics of interest. Provenance information of the NCA3 has been made structured and interoperable by applying the developed ontology. Besides the pilot systems we developed, other tools and services are also able to interact with the data in the context of the 'Web of data' and thus create added values. Our research shows that the use case-driven iterative method bridges the gap between Semantic Web researchers and earth and environmental scientists and is able to be deployed rapidly for developing Semantic Web applications. Our work also provides first-hand experience for re-using the W3C PROV-O ontology in the field of earth and environmental sciences, as the PROV-O ontology is recently ratified (on 04/30/2013) by the W3C as a recommendation and relevant applications are still rare. [1] http://www.globalchange.gov [2] Fox, P., McGuinness, D.L., 2008. TWC Semantic Web Methodology. Accessible at: http://tw.rpi.edu/web/doc/TWC_SemanticWebMethodology [3] https://scm.escience.rpi.edu/svn/public/projects/gcis/trunk/rdf/schema/GCISOntology.ttl [4] http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-o/

Ma, X.; Zheng, J. G.; Goldstein, J.; Duggan, B.; Xu, J.; Du, C.; Akkiraju, A.; Aulenbach, S.; Tilmes, C.; Fox, P. A.

2013-12-01

225

Measuring science or religion? A measurement analysis of the National Science Foundation sponsored science literacy scale 2006-2010.  

PubMed

High scientific literacy is widely considered a public good. Methods of assessing public scientific knowledge or literacy are equally important. In an effort to measure lay scientific literacy in the United States, the National Science Foundation (NSF) science literacy scale has been a part of the last three waves of the General Social Survey. However, there has been debate over the validity of some survey items as indicators of science knowledge. While many researchers treat the NSF science scale as measuring a single dimension, previous work (Bann and Schwerin, 2004; Miller, 1998, 2004) suggests a bidimensional structure. This paper hypothesizes and tests a new measurement model for the NSF science knowledge scale and finds that two items about evolution and the big bang are more measures of a religious belief dimension termed "Young Earth Worldview" than they are measures of scientific knowledge. Results are replicated in seven samples. PMID:23825273

Roos, J Micah

2014-10-01

226

Collaborative Peer Video Analysis: Insights about Literacy Assessment and Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed-methods study explored (a) the purposes for which teachers selected video clips of their own literacy teaching and assessment practices to share and discuss with peers, (b) how these purposes were related to the content of the discussions, and (c) what variables were related to teachers' generation of new ideas and future actions that…

Christ, Tanya; Arya, Poonam; Chiu, Ming Ming

2012-01-01

227

Next STEPS in Literacy Instruction: Connecting Assessments to Effective Interventions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reader-friendly teaching guide makes the next steps of literacy instruction clear and easy for K-6 educators. Developed by highly respected experts Smartt and Glaser, this book gives readers a specific breakdown of the indicators on today's most popular reading assessments and matches those items with interventions that make a real…

Smartt, Susan M.; Glaser, Deborah R.

2010-01-01

228

Developing the Assessment Literacy of University Proficiency Test Users  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rapidly increasing use of English language proficiency test scores by universities around the world to select international students has resulted in a range of admissions, marketing, academic and teaching support staff interacting with the tests in different ways. To date, there has been little research investigating the assessment literacy

O'Loughlin, Kieran

2013-01-01

229

Emergent Literacy: A Comparison of Formal and Informal Assessment Methods.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares the effectiveness of the Concepts about Print (CAP) Test and the Metropolitan Readiness Test (MRT) in assessing the literacy development of both normal and at-risk primary students. Finds the CAP to be an effective predictor for at-risk children. Finds the MRT not worth the time, effort, and cost of administration. (RS)

Harlin, Rebecca; Lipa, Sally

1990-01-01

230

Biochemical Visual Literacy with Constructive Alignment: Outcomes, Assessment, and Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several contributions in "Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education" have highlighted the role of visualization tools and the importance of developing students' visual literacy in biochemistry education. In this forum, the authors suggest that more focus is needed on the assessment of student learning, and they advance…

Herraez, Angel; Costa, Manuel Joao

2013-01-01

231

Second annual report of the Environmental Restoration Monitoring and Assessment Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report summarizes the salient features of the annual efforts of environmental monitoring and field investigations conducted to support the Environmental Restoration (ER) Program at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). This report focuses on the watershed scale, striving to provide an ORNL site-wide perspective on types, distribution, and transport of contamination. Results are used to enhance the conceptual understanding

R. B. Clapp; J. A. Watts

1993-01-01

232

National Coal Resource Assessment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Coal Resource Assessment (NCRA) is a project of the US Geological Survey Energy Program. The project's homepage has lots of information and documents about the five main regions that were the focus of the study. Many professional papers, executive summaries, and factsheets are free for download. There are area maps of each region, as well as photographs that show current and historical views of mining practices. The Mining Info/Videos section has a link to an interesting paper -- Surface Mining and Reclamation Operations for Fort Union Coal; it could take a while to download on a slow connection, though.

233

Multimethod Strategy for Assessing Program Fidelity: The National Evaluation of the Revised G.R.E.A.T. Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports the results of the process evaluation component of the Process and Outcome Evaluation of the Gang Resistance Education and Training (G.R.E.A.T.) program. The process evaluation consisted of multiple methods to assess program fidelity: (a) observations of G.R.E.A.T. Officer Trainings (G.O.T); (b) surveys and interviews of…

Esbensen, Finn-Aage; Matsuda, Kristy N.; Taylor, Terrance J.; Peterson, Dana

2011-01-01

234

A History of New York State Literacy Test Assessment: Historicizing Calls to Localism in Writing Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing upon archival materials, I describe the history, design, and assessment of literacy tests from early 20th century New York state. Practitioners working with these early standardized writing tests grappled with tensions created by public Nativist sentiment, the legislation of "literacy," and calls to score the tests in standardized yet…

Serviss, Tricia

2012-01-01

235

Administering Adult Literacy Programs: The Role of Strategic Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an era of rising public criticism of education and decreasing resources, strategic planning can be a major tool for educational administrators who wish to respond to the increasing challenges their adult literacy programs face. Strategic planning can be defined as a disciplined effort to produce fundamental decisions and actions that shape and…

Michael, Steve Olu

236

Climate Literacy and Cyberlearning: Emerging Platforms and Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the release of the Essential Principles of Climate Science Literacy: A Guide for Individuals and Communities in the Spring of 2009, an important step toward an shared educational and communication framework about climate science was achieved. Designed as a living document, reviewed and endorsed by the thirteen federal agencies in the U.S. Climate Change Science Program (now U.S. Global

M. S. McCaffrey; S. B. Wise; S. M. Buhr

2009-01-01

237

What Matters Most in Distinguished Literacy Teacher Education Programs?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is a research collaborative conducted with multiple sites to examine the programmatic features within six literacy teacher education programs that have received the Certificate of Distinction of the International Reading Association (IRA). The objectives were to identify the features that were most highly ranked by internal and external…

Lacina, Jan; Block, Cathy Collins

2011-01-01

238

How To Start a Volunteer Literacy Program in Your Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prepared by the office of the Illinois Secretary of State and State Librarian, this manual describes the components and basic start-up steps of successful volunteer literacy programs. The 17 short sections provide an overview of the following topics: (1) purpose and mission; (2) determining need in your community; (3) recruiting students; (4)…

Illinois State Office of the Secretary of State, Springfield.

239

Culturally Responsive Assessment Literacy: Assessment as a Democratic Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To help preservice teachers develop and maintain a professional commitment to educational quality and educational equity, teacher education programs must promote culturally relevant assessment and evaluation practices. It is not enough to understand the ways that current assessment and evaluation practices are biased against specific student…

Sloan, Kris

2009-01-01

240

The Literacy Practices for Assessment in the Vocational Curriculum--The Case of Hospitality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores two case studies of the literacy practices of assessment in the vocational curriculum. Previous studies have identified learning in the vocational curriculum as being assessment-driven and that subjects often associated with limited levels of literacy actually require multiple literacy practices from students. Drawing upon…

Edwards, Richard; Minty, Sarah; Miller, Kate

2013-01-01

241

PIRLS 2006 Assessment Framework and Specifications: Progress in International Reading Literacy Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) 2006 Assessment Framework and Specifications is intended as a blueprint for IEA's 2006 assessment of reading literacy. Concrete information about how well students can read provides policymakers and researchers in every country with insight on how to improve literacy and reading…

Mullis, Ina V.S.; Kennedy, Ann M.; Martin, Michael O.; Sainsbury, Marian

2004-01-01

242

Adolescent Literacy Programs: Costs of Implementation. Final Report from Carnegie Corporation of New York's Council on Advancing Adolescent Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many educators and researchers have proposed reforms for dealing with the ongoing adolescent literacy crisis. Progress in strengthening young people's literacy now depends on schools a) choosing appropriate programs and b) implementing them consistently and effectively. Yet the history of school reform is littered with reforms that were adopted…

Levin, Henry M.; Catlin, Doran; Elson, Alex

2010-01-01

243

Economics Framework for the 2006 National Assessment of Educational Progress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides a guide for the development of the 2006 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Economics Assessment. The framework is designed to assess the outcomes of student education in and understanding of economics in grade 12 as part of NAEP. Economic literacy is defined as the ability to identify, analyze, and evaluate…

Buckles, Stephen; Melican, Claire

2006-01-01

244

National Sample Assessment Protocols  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These protocols represent a working guide for planning and implementing national sample assessments in connection with the national Key Performance Measures (KPMs). The protocols are intended for agencies involved in planning or conducting national sample assessments and personnel responsible for administering associated tenders or contracts,…

Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (NJ1), 2012

2012-01-01

245

Adult Basic Education and Health Literacy: Program Efforts and Perceived Student Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This project examined health literacy efforts among adult basic education providers in Central Texas. Methods: A survey was conducted with all adult literacy providers in Central Texas (N = 58). Results: Most programs provide health-related information. Literacy programs see needs for helping students communicate with doctors, filling…

Mackert, Michael; Poag, Meg

2011-01-01

246

The Impact of Structural Barriers and Facilitators on Early Childhood Literacy Programs in Elementary Charter Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Elementary charter schools increasingly serve students who are at-risk for reading challenges, giving them a critical role in establishing literacy for young children. This article examines the complexities of starting early childhood literacy programs in charter schools. Specifically, the first year of K-3 literacy programs in a new and a…

Ross, Denise; Pinder, Glen; Coles-White, D'Jaris

2015-01-01

247

Family Literacy Programs: Where Have They Come from and Where Are They Going?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family literacy programs in North America and the United Kingdom have enjoyed widespread public and political support. Thousands of initiatives following a variety of models currently operate under the spectrum of family literacy programs. In this paper, the influence of learning theories, the research on children's early literacy development, and…

Doyle, Antoinette

2012-01-01

248

Stress on the Job: How Family Literacy Program Directors Perceive Occupational Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little research has examined stress among family literacy administrators, although studies in other contexts reveal occupational stress can lead to illness, distress, and organizational problems. This article presents findings from a recent study of stress among family literacy program directors in Texas. Findings reveal family literacy program

Sandlin, Jennifer A.; Chen, Chia-Yin

2007-01-01

249

North American Adult Literacy Programs and Latin American Immigrants: How Critical Pedagogy Can Help Nonprofit Literacy Programming in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As nonprofit adult literacy programs are often the only options for low-income Latin American immigrants in North America, problems accompanying these programs affect the ability of immigrants to benefit from them. North American nonprofit adult literacy programs often struggle due to the difficulties inherent in using volunteer instructors (often…

Straubhaar, Rolf

2013-01-01

250

NATIONAL COASTAL ASSESSMENT - COASTAL 2000.  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. EPA's National Coastal Assessment (also know as Coastal 2000 or C2000) is a five-year effort led by EPA's Office of Research and Development to evaluate the assessment methods it has developed to advance the science of ecosystem condition monitoring. This program will su...

251

Review of Adult Learning and Literacy, Volume 6. Connecting Research, Policy and Practice: A Project of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Review of Adult Learning and Literacy: Connecting Research, Policy, and Practice, Volume 6," is the newest volume in a series of annual publications of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy (NCSALL) that address major issues, the latest research, and the best practices in the field of adult literacy and learning. Each…

Comings, John, Ed.; Garner, Barbara, Ed.; Smith, Cristine, Ed.

2006-01-01

252

NATIONAL COASTAL ASSESSMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of the National Coastal Assessment (NCA) is to estimate the status and trends of the condition of the nation's coastal resources on a state, regional and national basis. Based on NCA monitoring from 1999-2001, 100% of the nation's estuarine waters (at over 2500 locati...

253

National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) Utility Reference File, 1980: Electric Utility Data Base. Data file  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of emission-inventory activities within the National Acid Precipitation Program (NAPAP) is to estimate emissions of pollutants of concern to the acid-deposition phenomenon. Electric utilities emit a large share of total acid-deposition precursor emissions. The purpose of the study was to produce a 1980 utility data base that met the needs of NAPAP task groups for utility data. Special

Mobley

1980-01-01

254

Developing a Geoscience Literacy Exam: Pushing Geoscience Literacy Assessment to New Levels  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

InTeGrate is a community effort aimed at improving geoscience literacy and building a workforce that can use geoscience to solve societal issues. As part of this work we have developed a geoscience literacy assessment instrument to measure students' higher order thinking. This assessment is an important part of the development of curricula designed to increase geoscience literacy for all undergraduate students. To this end, we developed the Geoscience Literacy Exam (GLE) as one of the tools to quantify the effectiveness of these materials on students' understandings of geoscience literacy. The InTeGrate project is a 5-year, NSF-funded STEP Center grant in its first year of funding. Details concerning the project are found at http://serc.carleton.edu/integrate/index.html. The GLE instrument addresses content and concepts in the Earth, Climate, and Ocean Science literacy documents. The testing schema is organized into three levels of increasing complexity. Level 1 questions are single answer, understanding- or application-level multiple choice questions. For example, selecting which type of energy transfer is most responsible for the movement of tectonic plates. They are designed such that most introductory level students should be able to correctly answer after taking an introductory geoscience course. Level 2 questions are more advanced multiple answer/matching questions, at the understanding- through analysis-level. Students might be asked to determine the types of earth-atmosphere interactions that could result in changes to global temperatures in the event of a major volcanic eruption. Because the answers are more complicated, some introductory students and most advanced students should be able to respond correctly. Level 3 questions are analyzing- to evaluating-level short essays, such as describe the ways in which the atmosphere sustains life on Earth. These questions are designed such that introductory students could probably formulate a rudimentary response. We anticipate the detail and sophistication of the response will increase as students progress through the InTeGrate curriculum. A team of 14 community members and assessment experts were assembled to develop the questions and complete validity and reliability testing. An initial set of questions was vetted, revised by the assessment team, and sent for external review. Students can score one point for correct Level 1 answers. For Level 2 questions, students can score from zero to two points, depending on the number of correct answers selected. Rubrics are under development for Level 3 essay questions using a 3 point scale that assigns points based both on the accuracy of the response and the quality of the written response. The final instrument will be used to measure geoscience literacy from introductory, non-science students to upper-level geoscience majors. In addition to covering geoscience content knowledge and understanding, GLE+ is also intended to probe InTeGrate students' ability and motivation to use their geoscience expertise to address problems of environmental sustainability. This final instrument will be made available to the geoscience education community as an assessment to be used in conjunction with InTeGrate teaching materials or as a stand-alone tool for departments to measure student learning gains across the major.

Iverson, E. A.; Steer, D. N.; Manduca, C. A.

2012-12-01

255

The Use of a Structured Literacy Program To Facilitate the Inclusion of Marginal and Special Education Students into Regular Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research review examined the use of a whole class early literacy program in classes which included disadvantaged and at-risk children in Australia. The program, Schoolwide Early Language and Literacy (SWELL), is based on an interactive compensatory theory of literacy acquisition adapted from Success for All, a U.S. early literacy program. The…

Center, Yola; Freeman, Louella

256

Improve Assessment Literacy Outside of Schools Too  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators need to become more assessment literate. When they do, they will be able to use assessments better to guide their teaching and communicate their expectations and results with students and the broader education stakeholders and audiences.

Stiggins, Rick

2014-01-01

257

Second annual report of the Environmental Restoration Monitoring and Assessment Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the salient features of the annual efforts of environmental monitoring and field investigations conducted to support the Environmental Restoration (ER) Program at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). This report focuses on the watershed scale, striving to provide an ORNL site-wide perspective on types, distribution, and transport of contamination. Results are used to enhance the conceptual understanding of the key contaminants and the sources, fluxes, and processes affecting their distribution and movement. This report summarizes the efforts of the Waste Area Grouping (WAG) 2 and Site Investigations (SI) program. WAG 2 is the lower portion of the White Oak Creek (WOC) system which drains the major contaminated sites at ORNL and discharges to the Clinch River where public access is allowed. The remedial investigation for WAG 2 includes a long-term multimedia environmental monitoring effort that takes advantage of WAG 2`s role as an integrator and conduit of contaminants from the ORNL site. This report also includes information from other site-specific remedial investigations and feasibility studies (RI/FS) for contaminated sites at ORNL and data from other ongoing monitoring programs conducted by other organizations [e.g., the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) compliance monitoring conducted by the Environmental Surveillance and Protection Section]. This information is included to provide an integrated basis to support ER decision making. This report summarizes information gathered through early 1993. Annual data, such as annual discharges of contaminants, are reported for calendar year 1992.

Clapp, R.B.; Watts, J.A. [eds.

1993-09-01

258

Preliminary assessment report for Fort William Henry Harrison, Montana Army National Guard, Helena, Montana. Installation Restoration Program  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of the preliminary assessment (PA) conducted by Argonne National Laboratory at a Montana Army National Guard (MTARNG) property near Helena, Montana. Preliminary assessments of federal facilities are being conducted to compile the information necessary for completing preremedial activities and to provide a basis for establishing corrective actions in response to releases of hazardous substances. The principal objective of the PA is to characterize the site accurately and determine the need for further action by examining site activities, quantities of hazardous substances present, and potential pathways by which contamination could affect public health and the environment. This PA satisfies, for the Fort William Henry Harrison property, requirements of the Department of Defense Installation Restoration Program.

DuWaldt, J.; Meyer, T.

1993-07-01

259

Preservice Teachers’ Knowledge of Information Literacy and Their Perceptions of the School Library Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Graduating preservice teachers were surveyed regarding their knowledge of information literacy concepts, the pedagogy of information literacy, and the role of the teacher librarian and school library programs. The preservice teachers felt poorly prepared to teach information literacy to pupils, had a limited array of information skills, and held a narrow view of the role of the school library. In

Elizabeth A. LEE; Brenda Reed; Corinne Laverty

2012-01-01

260

Preservice Teachers' Knowledge of Information Literacy and Their Perceptions of the School Library Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graduating preservice teachers were surveyed regarding their knowledge of information literacy concepts, the pedagogy of information literacy, and the role of the teacher librarian and school library programs. The preservice teachers felt poorly prepared to teach information literacy to pupils, had a limited array of information skills, and held a…

Lee, Elizabeth A.; Reed, Brenda; Laverty, Corinne

2012-01-01

261

A Culturally Responsive Literacy Program for Hispanic Fathers and Their Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined a language and cultural literacy program for Hispanic fathers to promote their children's literacy development. This study had two phases: (a) training the teachers and (b) educating the fathers. The results indicated that the fathers learned how to promote their Hispanic children's literacy development using their family's…

Saracho, Olivia N.

2010-01-01

262

National Workplace Literacy Program. Garment-Related Bilingual (English & Chinese) T.V. Broadcast Lessons. Book II: Episodes 16-27.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains a series of 12 garment-related bilingual (English and Chinese) television broadcast lessons that were produced to augment an earlier series of 15 lessons. The objective of these television lessons is to teach garment-related English terminology to the garment workers who cannot attend classes in the National Workplace…

Chinatown Manpower Project, Inc., New York, NY.

263

A multimedia adult literacy program: Combining NASA technology, instructional design theory, and authentic literacy concepts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

For a number of years, the Software Technology Branch of the Information Systems Directorate has been involved in the application of cutting edge hardware and software technologies to instructional tasks related to NASA projects. The branch has developed intelligent computer aided training shells, instructional applications of virtual reality and multimedia, and computer-based instructional packages that use fuzzy logic for both instructional and diagnostic decision making. One outcome of the work on space-related technology-supported instruction has been the creation of a significant pool of human talent in the branch with current expertise on the cutting edges of instructional technologies. When the human talent is combined with advanced technologies for graphics, sound, video, CD-ROM, and high speed computing, the result is a powerful research and development group that both contributes to the applied foundations of instructional technology and creates effective instructional packages that take advantage of a range of advanced technologies. Several branch projects are currently underway that combine NASA-developed expertise to significant instructional problems in public education. The branch, for example, has developed intelligent computer aided software to help high school students learn physics and staff are currently working on a project to produce educational software for young children with language deficits. This report deals with another project, the adult literacy tutor. Unfortunately, while there are a number of computer-based instructional packages available for adult literacy instruction, most of them are based on the same instructional models that failed these students when they were in school. The teacher-centered, discrete skill and drill-oriented, instructional strategies, even when they are supported by color computer graphics and animation, that form the foundation for most of the computer-based literacy packages currently on the market may not be the most effective or most desirable way to use computer technology in literacy programs. This project is developing a series of instructional packages that are based on a different instructional model - authentic instruction. The instructional development model used to create these packages is also different. Instead of using the traditional five stage linear, sequential model based on behavioral learning theory, the project uses the recursive, reflective design and development model (R2D2) that is based on cognitive learning theory, particularly the social constructivism of Vygotsky, and an epistemology based on critical theory. Using alternative instructional and instructional development theories, the result of the summer faculty fellowship is LiteraCity, a multimedia adult literacy instructional package that is a simulation of finding and applying for a job. The program, which is about 120 megabytes, is distributed on CD-ROM.

Willis, Jerry W.

1993-01-01

264

Issues in Planning and Implementing National Literacy Programmes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following papers were produced by participants and resource persons on specific issues of planning, management and implementation of literacy and post-literacy strategies: "People's Participation and Mobilization: Characteristics of the Literacy Campaigns in China" (Yanwei); "Strategies for Mobilization and Participation of Volunteers in…

Carron, G., Ed.; Bordia, A., Ed.

265

The Position as Regards Functional Literacy Pilot Projects. Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comparative analysis was made of Experimental World Literacy Program projects in 17 nations (Algeria, Brazil, Chile, Equador, Ethiopia, Guinea, India, Iran, Mali, Jamaica, Madagascar, Nigeria, Sudan, Syria, Tanzania, Tunisia, and Venezuela) after 18 months of operation. Included were functional literacy projects in 10 nations, literacy programs

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

266

A quality-assurance assessment for constituents reported by the national atmospheric deposition program and the national trends network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A continuing quality-assurance program has been operated by the U.S. Geological Survey to evaluate any bias introduced by routine handling, shipping, and laboratory analyses of wet-deposition samples collected in the National Atmospheric Deposition Program (NADP) and National Trends Network (NTN). Blind-audit samples having a variety of constituent concentrations and values were selected. Only blind-audit samples with constituent concentrations and values less than the 95th-percentile concentration for natural wet-deposition samples were included in the analysis. Of the major ions, there was a significant increase of Ca 2+, Mg 2+, Na 2+, K +, SO 42- and Cl -1 in samples handled according to standard protocols and shipped in NADP/NTN sample-collection buckets. For 1979-1987, graphs of smoothed data showing the estimated contamination in blind-audit samples indicate a decrease in the median concentration and ranges of Ca 2+, Mg 2+ and SO 42- contamination of blind-audit samples shipped in sample-collection buckets. Part of the contamination detected in blind-audit samples can be attributed to contact with the sample-collection bucket and lid; however, additional sources also seem to contaminate the blind-audit sample. Apparent decreases in the magnitude and range of sample contamination may be caused by differences in sample-collection bucket- and lid-washing procedures by the NADP/NTN Central Analytical Laboratory. Although the degree of bias is minimal for most constituents, summaries of the NADP/NTN data base may contain overestimates of Ca 2+, Mg 2+, Na -, K + and SO 42- and Cl - concentrations, and underestimates of H + concentrations.

See, Randolph B.; Schroder, LeRoy J.; Willoughby, Timothy C.

267

A quality-assurance assessment for constituents reported by the National Atmospheric Deposition Program and the National Trends Network  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A continuing quality-assurance program has been operated by the U.S. Geographical Survey to evaluate any bias introduced by routine handling, shipping, and laboratory analyses of wet-deposition samples collected in the National Atmospheric Deposition Program (NADP) and National Trends Network (NTN). Blind-audit samples having a variety of constituent concentrations and values were selected. Only blind-audit samples with constituent concentrations and values less than the 95th-percentile concentration for natural wet-deposition samples were included in the analysis. Of the major ions, there was a significant increase of Ca2+, Mg2+, K+ SO42+ and Cl- in samples handled according to standard protocols and shipped in NADP/NTN sample-collection buckets. For 1979-1987, graphs of smoothed data showing the estimated contaminations in blind-audit samples indicate a decrease in the median concentration and ranges of Ca2+, Mg2+ and SO42- contamination of blind-audit samples shipped in sample-collection buckets. Part of the contamination detected in blind-audit samples can be attributed to contact with the sample-collection bucket and lid; however, additional sources also seem to contaminate the blind-audit sample. Apparent decreases in the magnitude and range of sample contamination may be caused by differences in sample-collection bucket- and lid-washing procedures by the NADP/NTN Central Analytical Laboratory. Although the degree of bias is minimal for most constituents, summaries of the NADP/NTN data base may contain overestimates of Ca2+, Mg2+, Na-, K+, SO42- and Cl- concentrations, and underestimates of H+ concentrations.

See, R.B.; Schroder, L.J.; Willoughby, T.C.

1989-01-01

268

NATIONAL ASSESSMENT DATABASE (NAD)  

EPA Science Inventory

Resource Purpose: The National Assessment Database stores State water quality assessments that are reported under Section 305(b) of the Clean Water Act. The data are stored by individual water quality assessments. Threatened, partially and not supporting waters also have da...

269

Literacies, Contexts and Practices: Public Devices for Their Definition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Portugal, the word "literacy" acquired public importance in October 1995, in the first national literacy assessment report. In the last few years, "reading habits" and not "literacy" became a privileged research object, and it is the amount and kind of reading that is being measured, with the results taken as measures of literacy. These reading…

Dionisio, Maria de Lourdes

270

Assessing oral literacy demand in genetic counseling dialogue: preliminary test of a conceptual framework.  

PubMed

Health literacy deficits affect half the American patient population and are linked to poor health, ineffective disease management and high rates of hospitalization. Restricted literacy has also been linked with less satisfying medical visits and communication difficulties, particularly in terms of the interpersonal and informational aspects of care. Despite growing attention to these issues by researchers and policy makers, few studies have attempted to conceptualize and assess those aspects of dialogue that challenge persons with low literacy skills, i.e., the oral literacy demand within medical encounters. The current study uses videotapes and transcripts of 152 prenatal and cancer pretest genetic counseling sessions recorded with simulated clients to develop a conceptual framework to explore oral literacy demand and its consequences for medical interaction and related outcomes. Ninety-six prenatal and 81 cancer genetic counselors-broadly representative of the US National Society of Genetic Counselors-participated in the study. Key elements of the conceptual framework used to define oral literacy demand include: (1) use of unfamiliar technical terms; (2) general language complexity, reflected in the application of Microsoft Word grammar summary statistics to session transcripts; and, (3) structural characteristics of dialogue, including pacing, density, and interactivity. Genetic counselor outcomes include self-ratings of session satisfaction, informativeness, and development of rapport. The simulated clients rated their satisfaction with session communication, the counselor's effective use of nonverbal skills, and the counselor's affective demeanor during the session. Sessions with greater overall technical term use were longer and used more complex language reflected in readability indices and multi-syllabic vocabulary (measures averaging p<.05). Sessions with a high proportionate use of technical terms were characterized by shorter visits, high readability demand, slow speech speed, fewer and more dense counselor speaking turns and low interactivity (p<.05). The higher the use of technical terms, and the more dense and less interactive the dialogue, the less satisfied the simulated clients were and the lower their ratings were of counselors' nonverbal effectiveness and affective demeanor (all relationships p<.05). Counselors' self-ratings of informativeness were also inversely related to use of technical terms (p<.05). Just as print material can be made more reader-friendly and effective following established guidelines, the medical dialogue may also be made more patient-centered and meaningful by having providers monitor their vocabulary and language, as well as the structural characteristics of interaction, thereby lowering the literacy demand of routine medical dialogue. These consequences are important for all patients but may be even more so for patients with restricted literacy. PMID:17614177

Roter, Debra L; Erby, Lori H; Larson, Susan; Ellington, Lee

2007-10-01

271

The National Environmental Literacy Project: A Baseline Study of Middle Grade Students in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors discuss environmental literacy in the United States and present a brief summary of the results of a major national study designed to attain a baseline measure of environmental literacy among middle school students in the United States. The authors include events that led up to the study and describe future directions for environmental…

McBeth, William; Volk, Trudi L.

2009-01-01

272

Exploring Nutrition Literacy and Knowledge among a National Sample of School Nutrition Managers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this national study was to describe nutrition literacy levels and nutrition knowledge among school nutrition (SN) managers, and explore if barriers to seeking SN information, perceived role in school wellness, and confidence in SN decision making varied by nutrition literacy and knowledge scores. Methods: An…

Zoellner, Jamie; Carr, Deborah

2010-01-01

273

The State of Literacy in America: Estimates at the Local, State, and National Levels.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents synthesized estimates of the rates of level 1 literacy by congressional district in the 50 states and District of Columbia. The estimates are extrapolations of the National Adult Literacy Survey (NALS) that were based on the findings of approximately 26,000 interviews. The document begins with an introduction containing the…

National Inst. for Literacy, Washington, DC.

274

America's Literacy Directory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A service of the National Institute for Literacy and Partners, America's Literacy Directory is an online national database of literacy programs that connects employers, learners, volunteers, social service providers, and others to current information about literacy programs in all 50 states and US territories. The site offers program information for children, people with learning disabilities, and those users interested in the GED and other high school programs, as well as students who need help with reading, writing, and math. In addition, the site also lists programs for those interested in learning English as a second language. Users merely enter their zip code, city, and state; and the site will list the names, addresses, and telephone numbers of program facilities within 5 to 100 miles of your location.

275

Pedagogies for Preservice Assessment Education: Supporting Teacher Candidates' Assessment Literacy Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite assessment-based accountability movements throughout educational systems in the United States, teacher assessment literacy continues to be an identified area of concern. Contributing to this concern is a dearth of research on preservice assessment education including both its curricular and pedagogical approaches. The purpose of this study…

DeLuca, Christopher; Chavez, Teresa; Bellara, Aarti; Cao, Chunhua

2013-01-01

276

Assessing New Zealand High School Science: Considerations for Teachers' Assessment Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers the standards-based assessment system used for high school science in New Zealand and explores the required assessment literacy of teachers working within this system, using a simple focus-area model. In New Zealand, school qualifications are achieved through the assessment of student work against a set of achievement…

Edwards, Frances

2013-01-01

277

Algal Attributes: An Autecological Classification of Algal Taxa Collected by the National Water-Quality Assessment Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Algae are excellent indicators of water-quality conditions, notably nutrient and organic enrichment, and also are indicators of major ion, dissolved oxygen, and pH concentrations and stream microhabitat conditions. The autecology, or physiological optima and tolerance, of algal species for various water-quality contaminants and conditions is relatively well understood for certain groups of freshwater algae, notably diatoms. However, applications of autecological information for water-quality assessments have been limited because of challenges associated with compiling autecological literature from disparate sources, tracking name changes for a large number of algal species, and creating an autecological data base from which algal-indicator metrics can be calculated. A comprehensive summary of algal autecological attributes for North American streams and rivers does not exist. This report describes a large, digital data file containing 28,182 records for 5,939 algal taxa, generally species or variety, collected by the U.S. Geological Survey?s National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program. The data file includes 37 algal attributes classified by over 100 algal-indicator codes or metrics that can be calculated easily with readily available software. Algal attributes include qualitative classifications based on European and North American autecological literature, and semi-quantitative, weighted-average regression approaches for estimating optima using regional and national NAWQA data. Applications of algal metrics in water-quality assessments are discussed and national quartile distributions of metric scores are shown for selected indicator metrics.

Porter, Stephen D.

2008-01-01

278

National Aeronautics and Space Administration National Programs  

E-print Network

National Aeronautics and Space Administration National Programs International Collaboration NASA: The Odyssey #12;National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA's Vision To reach for new heights;National Aeronautics and Space Administration The President's Budget Request and Authorization Act of 2010

279

Training of Local-Level Administrative Personnel in National Literacy Programmes. Methodological Report of a Training Workshop (Nazareth, Ethiopia, November 20-30, 1981).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended as a guide for other field operational training programs, this paper reports the organization and conduct of a workshop held in Nazareth (Ethiopia) November 20-30, 1981, for 35 local-level administrators of literacy programs in five African nations (Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe). According to the authors, the organizers…

Bordia, A.; Carron, G.

280

Toward a More Literate Workforce: The Emergence of Workplace Literacy Programs in Illinois.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents eight examples of approaches used by local providers, employers, and unions in Illinois to make basic skills programs available to workers. The programs profiled are the following: Rockford Area Literacy Council--Project READ '86-'89; Highland Community College--Literacy Outreach Program for Northwest Illinois; Waukegan Public…

Grimes, Jan; Renner, Robert

281

Literacy Course Priorities and Signature Aspects of Nine Elementary Initial Licensure Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to describe the first part of a three-phase study to learn what makes an effective elementary literacy initial licensure program. The first step was to identify how nine programs prioritized research-based literacy practices and to identify each program's unique features, which we called "signature aspects." Findings…

Lenski, Susan; Ganske, Kathy; Chambers, Sandy; Wold, Linda; Dobler, Elizabeth; Grisham, Dana L.; Scales, Roya; Smetana, Linda; Wolsey, Thomas Devere; Yoder, Karen K.; Young, Janet

2013-01-01

282

Development and pilot testing of a disease management program for low literacy patients with heart failure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development and pilot testing of a disease management program for low literacy patients with heart failure. Background: Randomized trials have shown that disease management programs can reduce hospitalizations and improve symptoms for patients with congestive heart failure. We sought to create and pilot test such a program for patients with low literacy skills. Methods: We used focus groups and individual

Darren A. DeWalt; Michael Pignone; Robb Malone; Cathy Rawls; Margaret C. Kosnar; Geeta George; Betsy Bryant; Russell L. Rothman; Bonnie Angel

2004-01-01

283

Social and Economic Benefits of Improved Adult Literacy: Towards a Better Understanding. An Adult Literacy National Project Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessing the social and economic costs of poor adult literacy and numeracy skills, and the benefits of investing in such skills, is largely unchartered territory in Australia. This feasibility study explores the frameworks and methodologies available for determining and measuring such benefits and costs across a number of life domains, including…

Hartley, Robyn; Horne, Jackie

2006-01-01

284

The Literacy Line! A Handbook for Creating and Implementing a Work Site Job Specific Literacy Program [and] Some People Work in the Vineyard [Curriculum].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The materials include a handbook for development of worksite, job-specific literacy programs and a sample curriculum for vineyard workers in California. The handbook describes the Literacy Line! project, a mobile unit to carry English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) and job-specific literacy instruction to employees at wineries and vineyards in the…

Napa Valley Unified School District, Napa, CA.

285

National Seabird Program NOAA Fisheries  

E-print Network

NOAA FISHERIES SERVICE National Seabird Program NOAA Fisheries Contact: Kim Rivera (Kim Oceans Matter NOAA Fisheries National Seabird Program The NOAA Fisheries National Seabird Program addresses an array of seabird issues--- monitoring and reducing seabird bycatch in US marine fisheries

286

Guide to Performance Management for Community Literacy Coalitions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Coalitions have key roles in helping their communities accomplish the following: (1) Track the level of literacy in the community; (2) Use that information to help identify what, and how much, literacy assistance is needed; (3) Assess the extent to which community literacy programs are meeting the need, including how well existing literacy

Hatry, Harry; Morley, Elaine

2008-01-01

287

National Marine Sanctuary Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Marine Sanctuary Program identifies, designates and manages areas of the marine environment of special national significance due to their conservation, recreational, ecological, historical, research, educational, or aesthetic qualities. Access information and pictures of marine sanctuaries all over the U.S. and its territories. Discover ways to get involved with the sanctuary program, no matter where you live. Scientific publications are available for download.

288

Operationalization of Community-Based Participatory Research Principles: Assessment of the National Cancer Institute's Community Network Programs  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We examined how National Cancer Institute–funded Community Network Programs (CNPs) operationalized principles of community-based participatory research (CBPR). Methods. We reviewed the literature and extant CBPR measurement tools. On the basis of that review, we developed a 27-item questionnaire for CNPs to self-assess their operationalization of 9 CBPR principles. Our team comprised representatives of 9 of the National Cancer Institute's 25 CNPs. Results. Of the 25 CNPs, 22 (88%) completed the questionnaire. Most scored well on CBPR principles of recognizing community as a unit of identity, building on community strengths, facilitating colearning, embracing iterative processes in developing community capacity, and achieving a balance between data generation and intervention. CNPs varied in the extent to which they employed CBPR principles of addressing determinants of health, sharing power among partners, engaging the community in research dissemination, and striving for sustainability. Conclusions. Although the development of assessment tools in this field is in its infancy, our findings suggest that fidelity to CBPR processes can be assessed in a variety of settings. PMID:22095340

Nguyen, Tung T.; Tanjasiri, Sora Park; Campbell, Janis; Heiney, Sue P.; Brandt, Heather M.; Smith, Selina A.; Blumenthal, Daniel S.; Hargreaves, Margaret; Coe, Kathryn; Ma, Grace X.; Kenerson, Donna; Patel, Kushal; Tsark, JoAnn; Hébert, James R.

2012-01-01

289

A State Family Literacy Update: Selected Program Activities. Program Year 1994-1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compiled from information contained in the Program Year 1994-95 Annual Narrative Performance Reports submitted by states to the U.S. Department of Education, this update shares selected information on recent developments in family literacy programs. Section 1 provides information on new or existing collaborations in these states: Colorado,…

Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC. Adult Learning and Literacy Clearinghouse.

290

PARADISU: Program Evaluation of the Micronesian Language Institute's Guam Family English Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1992, the Micronesian Language Institute established the PARADISU program, whose purpose was to strengthen and develop the English literacy and school participation skills of, and the school survival and success of children from, Chamorro, Chuukese, and Palauan families living on Guam through direct instruction and other activities. The program

Schmitz, Stephen

291

Assessment of Computer Literacy of Secondary School Teachers in Ekiti State, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study assessed computer literacy of secondary school teachers in Ekiti State. Three hundred teachers (Male = 150; Female = 150) selected from 30 public schools in 15 out of 16 local government areas participated. The instrument for collecting data was a 25-item Self-Assessment of Computer Literacy questionnaire and each item was rated on a…

Oluwatayo, James Ayodele

2012-01-01

292

Health Literacy Assessment of the STOFHLA: Paper versus Electronic Administration Continuation Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Low health literacy is associated with poor health outcomes. Research is needed to understand the mechanisms and pathways of its effects. Computer-based assessment tools may improve efficiency and cost-effectiveness of health literacy research. The objective of this preliminary study was to assess if administration of the Short Test of Functional…

Chesser, Amy K.; Keene Woods, Nikki; Wipperman, Jennifer; Wilson, Rachel; Dong, Frank

2014-01-01

293

Measuring New Media Literacies: Towards the Development of a Comprehensive Assessment Tool  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assesses the psychometric properties of a newly tested self-report assessment tool for media literacy, based on the twelve new media literacy skills (NMLs) developed by Jenkins et al. (2006). The sample (N = 327) consisted of normal volunteers who completed a comprehensive online survey that measured their NML skills, media exposure,…

Literat, Ioana

2014-01-01

294

Pre-Service Teachers' Assessment Literacy and Its Implementation into Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research study was conducted to address pre-service physics teachers' assessment literacy and its implementation into practice. The research was both quantitative and qualitative in nature. For the quantitative aspect of the study, the researchers determined the participants' assessment literacy after their enrolment with the…

Ogan-Bekiroglu, Feral; Suzuk, Erol

2014-01-01

295

Unpacking Pandora's Box: Issues in the Assessment of English Learners' Literacy Skill Development in Multimodal Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this commentary I unpack the Pandora's Box of issues related to the assessment of English language learners' literacy skill development in multimodal classrooms. I ask how we might quantify the benefits of multimodal composing, for k-12 as well as college students, given the existing complexity of assessing ELLs' traditional literacy skills. I…

Pandya, Jessica Zacher

2012-01-01

296

Assessment of air quality improvement effect under the National Total Emission Control Program during the Twelfth National Five-Year Plan in China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Total Emission Control (NTEC) Program will continue to be implemented during the 12th Five-Year Plan period (FYP, 2011-2015) in China. Two pollutants (SO2 and NOx) are covered by NTEC, of which NOx is a newly added pollutant under control. NTEC requires that the national total SO2 and NOx emissions be reduced by 8% and 10% respectively in 2015 from the levels of 2010. Annual mean SO2, NO2, and PM2.5 (sulfates and nitrates) concentrations in 2010 and 2015 were simulated with the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) model based on the national source census data and reduction targets in the NTEC Program. Reliability of the simulation results was verified by ground-based observation data and satellite remote sensing data in 113 national key monitoring cities. The air quality improvement from NTEC was also assessed quantitatively. The assessment results indicated that the average SO2 and NO2 concentrations in all cities in 2015 would be reduced by 9.28% and 10.61% respectively from the 2010 levels. The number of cities whose annual average SO2 and NO2 concentrations fail to comply with the national ambient air quality standard will be reduced by 9 and 27 respectively. The PM2.5 simulation results demonstrated that the average sulfate and nitrate concentrations in all cities in 2010 accounted for 20.28% and 17.45% of the PM2.5 respectively. Having considered the emissions reduction effect of SO2 and NOx only, the average sulfate, nitrate, and PM2.5 concentrations in all cities in 2015 will be reduced by 6.25%, 6.04%, and 2.23% respectively from the levels of 2010. However, the annual mean PM2.5 concentration will still exceed the national standard in 77.18% of the cities in China in 2015. These percentages would be as high as 99.70% based on U.S. national standards and 100% based on the World Health Organization's guideline value.

Xue, Wenbo; Wang, Jinnan; Niu, Hao; Yang, Jintian; Han, Baoping; Lei, Yu; Chen, Hanli; Jiang, Chunlai

2013-04-01

297

The Story of S.U.C.C.E.S.S. A Model Workplace Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sheraton's Unified Commitment Concerning Employee's Self-Success (SUCCESS) Program is a workplace literacy partnership between ITT Sheraton Hotels in Hawaii and the University of Hawaii-Manoa, College of Education. The program provides workplace literacy skills training to employees of the four participating Sheraton Hotels in Hawaii. The SUCCESS…

Li, Anita K. S.; Marn, Stephanie

298

Literacy: Exploring Strategies To Enhance Learning in After-School Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that many after-school programs are exploring ways to help children develop strong literacy skills, this paper is designed to help program providers think about ways to support literacy development, clarify the types of services various staff are qualified to provide, and offer ideas about strategies to best meet the needs of children and…

Hynes, Kathryn; O'Connor, Susan; Chung, An-Me

299

Wider Opportunities: Combining Literacy and Employment Training for Women. A Program Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual outlines a program model that combines employment training with literacy building for low-income single mothers. Chapter I introduces these programs. Chapter II discusses barriers that a low-income single mother faces. Chapter III offers directions for thinking about the feasibility of moving into literacy services by conducting a…

Beck, Judy A.

300

Determining the Characteristics of Successful Women in an Adult Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study identified the characteristics of women in an adult literacy program who had been successful in their return to studies. It was designed to learn more about the needs of women learners and what literacy programs can do to help women be successful in their return to studies. The literature review focused on these topics: women's knowledge,…

Nixon-Ponder, Sarah

301

Hospital Job Skills Enhancement Program: A Workplace Literacy Project. Curriculum Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes a workplace literacy program designed to improve the literacy skills of entry-level workers in the housekeeping, food service, and laundry departments of Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta. An introduction describes the goals of the program and the employees served (low-literate adults who relied on word of mouth for most…

Chase, Nancy D.

302

Parents' Perceptions of Partners in Print, a Family Literacy Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Partners in Print, a family literacy program, was brought to the urban elementary school in this study to educate and empower kindergarten and first grade parents to promote literacy development at home. This research aimed to explore the impact of participation in this program after consistent participation by utilizing a one-group pre-test,…

Godbey, Rebecca Jane

2012-01-01

303

Building a Sustainable Life Science Information Literacy Program Using the Train-the-Trainer Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The train-the-trainer model has great potential for expanding information literacy programs without placing undue burden on already overextended librarians; it is surprisingly underused in academic libraries. At the University of Kentucky, we employed this model to create a new information literacy program in an introductory biology lab. We…

Hartman, Patricia; Newhouse, Renae; Perry, Valerie

2014-01-01

304

Computer Literacy of Turkish Preservice Teachers in Different Teacher Training Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on an investigation into the sophomore and senior preservice teachers' computer literacy in different teacher training programs and to determine relationship between grades and the teacher training programs in terms of their computer literacy. The study used case study research methodology, and the sample consisted of 276…

Ozsevgec, Tuncay

2011-01-01

305

National Digital Orthophoto Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A critical component of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) is Framework. Framework provides a base on which to collect, register, and integrate geospatial information accurately and consistently. The Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) proposed that Framework include geodetic control, orthoimagery, elevation, transportation, hydrography, governmental units, and cadastral data. The Mapping Science Committee of the National Research Council recommends that geodetic control, orthoimagery, and elevation data become the critical foundation of the NSDI. The National Digital Orthophoto Program (NDOP) is a working model on how Federal, State, and local government, as well as private industry, can participate to develop the orthoimagery Framework for the Nation.

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service; Farm Service Agency; National States Geographic Information Council; U.S. Forest Service; U.S. Geological Survey

1996-01-01

306

Bridging the Literacy Gap between Boys and Girls: An Opportunity for the National Year of Reading 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literacy achievement is one of the most reliable indicators of educational, social, and economic success. In 2012, the National Year of Reading, boys still make up the majority of students struggling with literacy skills. Boys' literacy is an issue that affects us all. This paper provides an overview of research related to boys and reading, and…

Henry, Katya; Lagos, Anna; Berndt, Frances

2012-01-01

307

Literacy and Health Disparities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter explores the relationship between literacy and health disparities, focusing on the concept of health literacy. Recommendations are provided for ways to bridge the health literacy gap for learners in adult basic education and family literacy programs.

Prins, Esther; Mooney, Angela

2014-01-01

308

A multi-national, multi-institutional study of assessment of programming skills of first-year CS students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In computer science, an expected outcome of a student's education is programming skill. This working group investigated the programming competency students have as they complete their first one or two courses in computer science. In order to explore options for assessing students, the working group developed a trial assessment of whether students can program. The underlying goal of this work

Michael McCracken; Vicki L. Almstrum; Danny Diaz; Mark Guzdial; Dianne Hagan; Yifat Ben-David Kolikant; Cary Laxer; Lynda Thomas; Ian Utting; Tadeusz Wilusz

2001-01-01

309

Parallel Quality Assessment of Emergency Departments by European Foundation for Quality Management Model and Iranian National Program for Hospital Evaluation  

PubMed Central

Background European Foundation for Quality Management (EFQM) model is a widely used quality management system (QMS) worldwide, including Iran. Current study aims to verify the quality assessment results of Iranian National Program for Hospital Evaluation (INPHE) based on those of EFQM. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2012 on a sample of emergency departments (EDs) affiliated with Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Iran. The standard questionnaire of EFQM (V-2010) was used to gather appropriate data. The results were compared with those of INPHE. MS Excel was used to classify and display the findings. Results: The average assessment score of the EDs based on the INPHE and EFQM model were largely different (i.e. 86.4% and 31%, respectively). In addition, the variation range among five EDs’ scores according to each model was also considerable (22% for EFQM against 7% of INPHE), especially in the EDs with and without prior record of applying QMSs. Conclusion: The INPHE’s assessment results were not confirmed by EFQM model. Moreover, the higher variation range among EDs’ scores using EFQM model could allude to its more differentiation power in assessing the performance comparing with INPHE. Therefore, a need for improvement in the latter drawing on other QMSs’ (such as EFQM) strengths, given the results emanated from its comparison with EFQM seems indispensable. PMID:23967429

IMANI NASAB, Mohammad Hasan; MOHAGHEGH, Bahram; KHALESI, Nader; JAAFARIPOOYAN, Ebrahim

2013-01-01

310

User's manual for the National Water-Quality Assessment Program Invertebrate Data Analysis System (IDAS) software, version 5  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Invertebrate Data Analysis System (IDAS) software was developed to provide an accurate, consistent, and efficient mechanism for analyzing invertebrate data collected as part of the U.S. Geological Survey National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program. The IDAS software is a stand-alone program for personal computers that run Microsoft Windows(Registered). It allows users to read data downloaded from the NAWQA Program Biological Transactional Database (Bio-TDB) or to import data from other sources either as Microsoft Excel(Registered) or Microsoft Access(Registered) files. The program consists of five modules: Edit Data, Data Preparation, Calculate Community Metrics, Calculate Diversities and Similarities, and Data Export. The Edit Data module allows the user to subset data on the basis of taxonomy or sample type, extract a random subsample of data, combine or delete data, summarize distributions, resolve ambiguous taxa (see glossary) and conditional/provisional taxa, import non-NAWQA data, and maintain and create files of invertebrate attributes that are used in the calculation of invertebrate metrics. The Data Preparation module allows the user to select the type(s) of sample(s) to process, calculate densities, delete taxa on the basis of laboratory processing notes, delete pupae or terrestrial adults, combine lifestages or keep them separate, select a lowest taxonomic level for analysis, delete rare taxa on the basis of the number of sites where a taxon occurs and (or) the abundance of a taxon in a sample, and resolve taxonomic ambiguities by one of four methods. The Calculate Community Metrics module allows the user to calculate 184 community metrics, including metrics based on organism tolerances, functional feeding groups, and behavior. The Calculate Diversities and Similarities module allows the user to calculate nine diversity and eight similarity indices. The Data Export module allows the user to export data to other software packages (CANOCO, Primer, PC-ORD, MVSP) and produce tables of community data that can be imported into spreadsheet, database, graphics, statistics, and word-processing programs. The IDAS program facilitates the documentation of analyses by keeping a log of the data that are processed, the files that are generated, and the program settings used to process the data. Though the IDAS program was developed to process NAWQA Program invertebrate data downloaded from Bio-TDB, the Edit Data module includes tools that can be used to convert non-NAWQA data into Bio-TDB format. Consequently, the data manipulation, analysis, and export procedures provided by the IDAS program can be used to process data generated outside of the NAWQA Program.

Cuffney, Thomas F.; Brightbill, Robin A.

2011-01-01

311

Global forest cover mapping for the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization forest resources assessment 2000 program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Many countries periodically produce national reports on the status and changes of forest resources, using statistical surveys and spatial mapping of remotely sensed data. At the global level, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations has conducted a Forest Resources Assessment (FRA) program every 10 yr since 1980, producing statistics and analysis that give a global synopsis of forest resources in the world. For the year 2000 of the FRA program (FRA2000), a global forest cover map was produced to provide spatial context to the extensive survey. The forest cover map, produced at the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) EROS Data Center (EDC), has five classes: closed forest, open or fragmented forest, other wooded land, other land cover, and water. The first two forested classes at the global scale were delineated using combinations of temporal compositing, modified mixture analysis, geographic stratification, and other classification techniques. The remaining three FAO classes were derived primarily from the USGS global land cover characteristics database (Loveland et al. 1999). Validated on the basis of existing reference data sets, the map is estimated to be 77% accurate for the first four classes (no reference data were available for water), and 86% accurate for the forest and nonforest classification. The final map will be published as an insert to the FAO FRA2000 report.

Zhu, Z.; Waller, E.

2003-01-01

312

Assessment of the National Science Foundation's 1985-87 College Science Instrumentation Program. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The College Science Instrumentation Program (CSIP) was developed to provide seed money matching funds for the acquisition of laboratory instrumentation in order to improve the quality of undergraduate science/engineering education. This report describes the impact of the program and the program characteristics during the years 1985-87. An…

Burgdorf, Kenneth; Celebuski, Carin A.

313

Adults' Uses of Computer Technology: Associations with Literacy Tasks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined data from a large, nationally representative sample--the National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NCES, 2007)--to examine how computer use and Internet-based literacy practices (use of e-mail, searching for information on the Internet, and Internet chatting) were related to prose, document, and quantitative literacy

Smith, M. Cecil; Smith, Thomas J.

2010-01-01

314

Developing pre-literacy skills via shared book reading : assessment of a family intervention program for pre-school children at risk of becoming reading disabled  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a low cost intervention program implemented into the homes of 34 preschool children at risk of reading failure. The intervention was targeted at families where there was a history of reading disability. Families were instructed in dialogic reading via videotaped examples of good practice. The intervention took place over eight weeks. Pre- and post- measures of

Ruth Fielding-Barnsley; Nola Purdie

2002-01-01

315

Morphological awareness assessment and intervention to improve language and literacy.  

PubMed

Morphological awareness positively influences language and literacy development and may be an ideal intervention focus for improving vocabulary, sight word reading, reading decoding, and reading comprehension in students with and without language and literacy deficits. This article will provide supporting theory, research, and strategies for implementing morphological awareness intervention with students with language and literacy deficits. Additionally, functional connections are explored through the incorporation and application of morphological awareness intervention in academic literacy contexts linked to Common Core State Standards. PMID:25633142

Wolter, Julie A; Gibson, Frances E

2015-02-01

316

Assessing Information Literacy Skills Development in First Year Students: A Multi-Year Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessment data from 5 years of a pretest/posttest with first-year students was analyzed using McNemar's test. The results show that revisiting previous assessment data can identify significant changes in information literacy skill development.

Fain, Margaret

2011-01-01

317

Literacy across the Curriculum: Connecting Literacy in the Schools, Community and Workplace, 1992-1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first of four issues in this volume consists of these articles: "The Fourth 'R'--Relating"; "On Baseball Cards and Literacy"; "On Literacy and Success"; "National Assessments: What They Can and Cannot Do"; and "In the Classroom: The Integrated Journal." It also contains two book reviews and a list of resources on adolescent literacy, at-risk…

Literacy across the Curriculum, 1992

1992-01-01

318

Desert Survivors: The Design and Implementation of a Television Program to Enhance Local Scientific Literacy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Description of a program to enhance science literacy in elementary school children that allows experts to reach a tremendous audience while minimizing their time commitment. The foundation of the program is a television series entitled "Desert Survivors."

Jenifer C. Utz (University of Nevada School of Life Sciences)

2007-03-01

319

Classroom Literacy Assessment. Making Sense of What Students Know and Do. Solving Problems in the Teaching of Literacy Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Showcasing assessment practices that can help teachers plan effective instruction, this book addresses the real-world complexities of teaching literacy in grades K-8. Leading contributors present trustworthy approaches that examine learning processes as well as learning products, that yield information on how the learning environment can be…

Paratore, Jeanne R. Ed.; McCormack, Rachel L. Ed.; Block, Cathy, Collins Ed.

2007-01-01

320

Sandia National Laboratories performance assessment methodology for long-term environmental programs : the history of nuclear waste management.  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) is the world leader in the development of the detailed science underpinning the application of a probabilistic risk assessment methodology, referred to in this report as performance assessment (PA), for (1) understanding and forecasting the long-term behavior of a radioactive waste disposal system, (2) estimating the ability of the disposal system and its various components to isolate the waste, (3) developing regulations, (4) implementing programs to estimate the safety that the system can afford to individuals and to the environment, and (5) demonstrating compliance with the attendant regulatory requirements. This report documents the evolution of the SNL PA methodology from inception in the mid-1970s, summarizing major SNL PA applications including: the Subseabed Disposal Project PAs for high-level radioactive waste; the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant PAs for disposal of defense transuranic waste; the Yucca Mountain Project total system PAs for deep geologic disposal of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste; PAs for the Greater Confinement Borehole Disposal boreholes at the Nevada National Security Site; and PA evaluations for disposal of high-level wastes and Department of Energy spent nuclear fuels stored at Idaho National Laboratory. In addition, the report summarizes smaller PA programs for long-term cover systems implemented for the Monticello, Utah, mill-tailings repository; a PA for the SNL Mixed Waste Landfill in support of environmental restoration; PA support for radioactive waste management efforts in Egypt, Iraq, and Taiwan; and, most recently, PAs for analysis of alternative high-level radioactive waste disposal strategies including repositories deep borehole disposal and geologic repositories in shale and granite. Finally, this report summarizes the extension of the PA methodology for radioactive waste disposal toward development of an enhanced PA system for carbon sequestration and storage systems. These efforts have produced a generic PA methodology for the evaluation of waste management systems that has gained wide acceptance within the international community. This report documents how this methodology has been used as an effective management tool to evaluate different disposal designs and sites; inform development of regulatory requirements; identify, prioritize, and guide research aimed at reducing uncertainties for objective estimations of risk; and support safety assessments.

Marietta, Melvin Gary; Anderson, D. Richard; Bonano, Evaristo J.; Meacham, Paul Gregory (Raytheon Ktech, Albuquerque, NM)

2011-11-01

321

Literacy, Community, and Widening Access (Changes in Literacy).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a brief summary of the development and impact of a project at Yorkshire's Sheffield Hallam University which participates with the local literacy program to increase access to higher education for members of minority communities. Discusses the national context; Sheffield's five community literacy campaigns (African-Caribbean, Bangladeshi,…

Spriggs, Len; Steyne, David; Weatherald, Cal

1998-01-01

322

Exploring environmental literacy in low-literate communities of Pakistan: A descriptive study to recommend strategies for planning environmental education programs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The widely accepted definition of environmental education as stated by The Tbilisi Declaration of 1978 focuses on developing an environmentally literate citizenry which is capable of working "...individually and collectively toward solutions of current [environmental] problems and the prevention of new ones". The two basic tenets of environmental literacy are further defined in this study as the ability to understand environmental problems and the ability to address those environmental problems in a responsible manner. Acquisition of knowledge has also been considered an important element when developing environmental literacy programs. However, a large sector of the world population is non- or low-literate and communication is through channels other than the written word. The challenge for environmental educators is to reach the low-literate learners who have not had many opportunities to participate in formal education activities through established institutions. The purpose of this study was to describe levels of environmental literacy in communities with varying levels of formal literacy in two cities, Karachi and Islamabad, Pakistan to determine the role formal literacy plays in enhancing environmental literacy and decision making in relation to age, sex, location, number of years spent in formal education, and the socio-economic status (SES) of adult learners. Based on the outcomes, recommendations were made for designing effective programs to ensure involvement of low-literate communities in established decision-making processes through relevant program planning. This study suggested strategies to program planners and environmental educators for designing programs that reach low-literate communities, highlight local environmental concerns, and empower these communities in addressing local environmental issues. A purposive sample was identified from the constituencies of five non-governmental organizations in Karachi and Islamabad, Pakistan. Two instruments, one to measure levels of formal literacy, and the other to assess environmental literacy of the participants at the nominal, functional, and operational levels, were developed for this study. Negligible correlations were found between environmental literacy and the demographic or "external" variables of age, sex, location, number of years participants had spent in formal education institutions, socio-economic status, and formal literacy. However, some low and moderate positive correlations were found between formal literacy and age, sex, location, number of years participants had spent in formal education institutions, and socio-economic status of the participants. No correlations were found between environmental literacy and formal literacy indicating that the ability to read and write did not relate to environmental literacy or awareness in the participants.

Daudi, Sabiha Shafique

2000-10-01

323

The Development of Building Wellness™, a Youth Health Literacy Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health literacy research has concentrated on adults; there has been inadequate research on youth health literacy and the effect it may have on health outcomes. Low-income, minority populations have low levels of health literacy and are at higher risk of illness and disease. Building Wellness™ is a youth health literacy curriculum targeting low-income youth from 3rd grade to 8th grade

Catherine Diamond; Sandy Saintonge; Phyllis August; Adeline Azrack

2011-01-01

324

Impacts Analyses Supporting the National Environmental Policy Act Environmental Assessment for the Resumption of Transient Testing Program  

SciTech Connect

This document contains the analysis details and summary of analyses conducted to evaluate the environmental impacts for the Resumption of Transient Fuel and Materials Testing Program. It provides an assessment of the impacts for the two action alternatives being evaluated in the environmental assessment. These alternatives are (1) resumption of transient testing using the Transient Reactor Test Facility (TREAT) at Idaho National Laboratory (INL) and (2) conducting transient testing using the Annular Core Research Reactor (ACRR) at Sandia National Laboratory in New Mexico (SNL/NM). Analyses are provided for radiologic emissions, other air emissions, soil contamination, and groundwater contamination that could occur (1) during normal operations, (2) as a result of accidents in one of the facilities, and (3) during transport. It does not include an assessment of the biotic, cultural resources, waste generation, or other impacts that could result from the resumption of transient testing. Analyses were conducted by technical professionals at INL and SNL/NM as noted throughout this report. The analyses are based on bounding radionuclide inventories, with the same inventories used for test materials by both alternatives and different inventories for the TREAT Reactor and ACRR. An upper value on the number of tests was assumed, with a test frequency determined by the realistic turn-around times required between experiments. The estimates provided for impacts during normal operations are based on historical emission rates and projected usage rates; therefore, they are bounding. Estimated doses for members of the public, collocated workers, and facility workers that could be incurred as a result of an accident are very conservative. They do not credit safety systems or administrative procedures (such as evacuation plans or use of personal protective equipment) that could be used to limit worker doses. Doses estimated for transportation are conservative and are based on transport of the bounding radiologic inventory that will be contained in any given test. The transportation analysis assumes all transports will contain the bounding inventory.

Annette L. Schafer; LLoyd C. Brown; David C. Carathers; Boyd D. Christensen; James J. Dahl; Mark L. Miller; Cathy Ottinger Farnum; Steven Peterson; A. Jeffrey Sondrup; Peter V. Subaiya; Daniel M. Wachs; Ruth F. Weiner

2014-02-01

325

Information Literacy for Users at the National Medical Library of Cuba: Cochrane Library Course for the Search of Best Evidence for Clinical Decisions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Medical Library of Cuba is currently developing an information literacy program to train users in the use of biomedical databases. This paper describes the experience with the course "Cochrane Library: Evidence-Based Medicine," which aims to teach users how to make the best use of this database, as well as the evidence-based medicine…

Santana Arroyo, Sonia; del Carmen Gonzalez Rivero, Maria

2012-01-01

326

The Power of Family Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the early findings from the analysis of a family literacy demonstration project under the direction of the National Center for Family Literacy. The data in this report are based upon the experiences of over 300 families who participated in the Toyota Families for Learning Program during the 1992-1993 school year. The first…

National Center for Family Literacy, Louisville, KY.

327

77 FR 74174 - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Climate Assessment and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...the U.S. Global Change Research Program...check the National Climate Assessment Web site...future impacts of climate change upon the United States...assessment of global change impacts and adaptation...produce a National Climate Assessment....

2012-12-13

328

Young People's Writing in 2011: Findings from the National Literacy Trust's Annual Literacy Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report only outlines findings that relate to writing, taken from the author's second annual literacy survey, which she conducted in November/December 2011. Nearly 21,000 young people aged 8 to 16 participated. Writing is an important issue in the UK today. While children's and young people's writing standards had plateaued between 2006 and…

Clark, Christina

2012-01-01

329

Functional Adult Literacy and Empowerment of Women: Impact of a Functional Literacy Program in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study addresses the impact of functional adult literacy on the empowerment of women in the absence of formal schooling. It examines whether the effects of functional literacy are exclusively content specific or whether there are gains going beyond the obvious benefits and extending to other spheres of everyday functioning, such as…

Kagitcibasi, Cigdem; Goksen, Fatos; Gulgoz, Sami

2005-01-01

330

Does Participation in Citizen Science Improve Scientific Literacy? A Study to Compare Assessment Methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the use of a contextually sensitive instrument to assess the effect of invasive species monitoring training on the scientific literacy of citizen volunteers. The authors measured scientific literacy scores before and after 57 citizens participated in a 2-day event to learn to monitor invasive species with an instrument including 1 general-measures (Science and Engineering Indicator [SEI]) item

Ruth Cronje; Spencer Rohlinger; Alycia Crall; Greg Newman

2011-01-01

331

Examining the Concurrent Validity of Assessing Preschool Language and Literacy Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the concurrent validity of the assessment for an early language and literacy project. The goal of the project was to promote a successful transition to kindergarten for preschoolers who were at risk for reading difficulties by equipping them with the necessary language and literacy skills needed for early…

Xu, Yaoying

2012-01-01

332

Literacy Curricula and Assessment: A Survey of Early Childhood Educators in Two States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has consistently demonstrated the importance of early literacy instruction, as these skills are the developmental precursors to conventional reading. In this study, 215 early childhood educators in two states responded to a survey regarding early literacy curricula and assessment. Results indicated that most teachers used either a…

Gischlar, Karen L.; Vesay, Joanne P.

2014-01-01

333

Technology-based Learning, Assessment, and Knowledge Management Support Systems for Workforce Literacy and Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the need for information literacy in the workplace and discusses ways to achieve it. Highlights include using a systems approach to information literacy education; technology-based learning systems; assessment through technology-based interactive systems; and knowledge management support systems. (LRW)

Fox, Raymond G.

2001-01-01

334

Literacy Assessment for Today's Schools. Monograph of the College Reading Association.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 17 papers provides a blueprint for teachers who want increasingly sophisticated methods for monitoring student growth and can serve as a resource for in-service educators as literacy instruction changes. Papers in the first section of the book examine literacy assessment as it pertains to school-age children. Papers in the…

Collins, Martha D., Ed.; Moss, Barbara G., Ed.

335

A Case Study Using Literacy Assessment Portfolios with Students Identified with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this case study, using a qualitative research design, was to examine the process of using literacy assessment portfolios (LAPs) within a cross-categorical special education classroom to investigate whether or not using LAPs would provide distinct information about the literacy development of two students identified with specific…

Keiley, Debbie A.

2011-01-01

336

Assessing the Value-Added Effects of Literacy Collaborative Professional Development on Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a 4-year longitudinal study of the effects of Literacy Collaborative (LC), a school-wide reform model that relies primarily on the one-on-one coaching of teachers as a lever for improving student literacy learning. Kindergarten through second-grade students in 17 schools were assessed twice annually with DIBELS and Terra…

Biancarosa, Gina; Bryk, Anthony S.; Dexter, Emily R.

2010-01-01

337

Credit Card Usage among Older Adults: Assessing Financial Literacy and Pressures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research reported here assessed the financial literacy of older adults living in rural communities, current use of and attitudes towards debt, and debt pressures. Those surveyed exhibit low credit card usage and responsible payment practices. Most never use credit to pay medical expenses. Respondents display a financial literacy level similar…

St. Pierre, Eileen; Shreffler, Karina

2013-01-01

338

Does Participation in Citizen Science Improve Scientific Literacy? A Study to Compare Assessment Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the use of a contextually sensitive instrument to assess the effect of invasive species monitoring training on the scientific literacy of citizen volunteers. The authors measured scientific literacy scores before and after 57 citizens participated in a 2-day event to learn to monitor invasive species with an instrument…

Cronje, Ruth; Rohlinger, Spencer; Crall, Alycia; Newman, Greg

2011-01-01

339

Adolescent Literacy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Data from recent national assessments indicate that many middle and high school students are failing to comprehend text at a proficient level. This website includes links to resources that can be used to help improve adolescent literacy. One website resource is the "Improving Adolescent Literacy: Effective Classroom and Intervention Practices" guide. This Practice Guide was developed by an expert panel convened by the Institute of Education Sciences. It is designed to address challenges in improving literacy levels in middle and high school and providing interventions for struggling adolescent readers. The Practice Guide offers a set of five research-based recommendations. A summary of the research evidence and a level of evidence rating are provided for each recommendation. These recommendations have been merged into four practices: vocabulary instruction, comprehension strategies, engaging text discussion, and intensive intervention. The site also includes an "Improving Adolescent Literacy" diagram which can be used by presenters or professional developers to orient their audience to the central practices and recommendations in the Adolescent Literacy topic and a video recording from Dr. Michael Kamil. Dr. Kamil gives an overview of some key instructional practices and intervention recommendations. There are also 3 planning templates that can be used to help districts and schools to provide professional development for teaching reading in content areas, to support teachers in working with struggling students, and to develop procedures for providing interventions for below-average readers.

2010-01-01

340

Language, Literacy and Numeracy in National Training Packages: Case Studies in Aged Care and Hospitality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The implementation and effectiveness of the inclusion of literacy and numeracy in industry training packages was examined in case studies of three programs in Western Australia. Two were certificate programs in cooking and food and beverage as specified in the hospitality training package, and the third was an aged care program based on the…

Haines, Christine; Brand, Jennie Bickmore

341

Educational and Mothering Discourses and Learner Goals: Mexican Immigrant Women Enacting Agency in a Family Literacy Program. Research Brief #8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family literacy programs promote certain ideas about literacy and parenting. This study examined how Mexican immigrant women in a family literacy program used mainstream ideas, or discourses, of mothering and parent involvement in education to pursue their own personal and academic goals. The findings revealed that women were at times faced with…

Toso, Blaire Willson

2012-01-01

342

Teaching Health Literacy Using Popular Television Programming: A Qualitative Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Teaching of health and medical concepts in the K-12 curriculum may help improve health literacy. Purpose: The purpose of this project was to determine acceptability and preliminary efficacy of pilot implementation of a health literacy curriculum using brief clips from a popular television program. Methods: Participants included 55…

Primack, Brian A.; Wickett, Dustin J.; Kraemer, Kevin L.; Zickmund, Susan

2010-01-01

343

Linking Theory and Practice. Inservice Program for Adult Literacy and Basic Education Personnel, Module 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module is the fourth of five integrated professional development modules for adult literacy and basic education (ALBE) personnel. This module is in the form of a 6-hour workshop, the purposes of which are to develop further the practitioners' knowledge of the theoretical basis of teaching literacy in ALBE programs, to provide a supportive…

National Staff Development Committee for Vocational Education and Training, Chadstone (Australia).

344

A 3-Year Study of a School-Based Parental Involvement Program in Early Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although parental involvement in children's literacy development has been recognized for its potential in helping children develop early literacy achievement, studies of the effectiveness and sustainability of school-based parent involvement programs are not numerous. This study examines the effectiveness and durability of a school-based…

Crosby, Susan Ann; Rasinski, Timothy; Padak, Nancy; Yildirim, Kasim

2015-01-01

345

The Skills Enhancement Literacy Project of Hawaii. Final Program Model. Final Performance Report. Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Skills Enhancement Literacy Project of Hawaii (SELPH) was a demonstration workplace literacy partnership between the College of Education, University of Hawaii-Manoa and the ITT Sheraton Hotels. Four Sheraton Hotels in Waikiki participated in the project. The program was planned, staff and volunteers were recruited, and marketing strategies…

Hawaii Univ., Manoa. Coll. of Education.

346

Recruiting and Retaining Learners in Workplace Literacy Programs in New Zealand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Successful workplace literacy and numeracy programs are dependent on effective strategies to recruit and then retain course participants. This article reports on the recruitment strategies used in a large workplace literacy and numeracy project involving 535 workers in 18 courses. It provides an analysis of the strategies used, their rates of…

Benseman, John

2013-01-01

347

The Northeast Texas Adult Education Rural Workplace Literacy Program. Annual Performance Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Northeast Texas Adult Education Rural Education Workplace Literacy Program, which is a partnership between Northeast Texas Community College and area businesses, offers workplace literacy instruction designed around job-specific basic skills. Training is offered in the following: applied workplace technology; applied math skills; measurements…

Barker, Sue; Burns, Kathryn; Bowers, Jana; Pruitt, Jeanni; Pate, Sally

348

Literacy. National Dropout Prevention Center/Network Newsletter. Volume 20, Number 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "National Dropout Prevention Newsletter" is published quarterly by the National Dropout Prevention Center/Network. This issue contains the following articles: (1) Reading Is Vital!; (2) The Significance of Early Literacy Efforts in Preventing Later Failure (Susan King Fullerton); (3) Middle School Intervention Strategies For At-Risk Youth…

Duckenfield, Marty, Ed.

2008-01-01

349

Reviving the Dead Butler? Towards a Review of Aspects of National Literacy Strategy Grammar Advice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In his 2004 article "How was a dead butler killed: The way English national strategies maim grammatical parts" published in "Language and Education" 18, no. 1, Wasyl Cajkler calls for a review of grammar advice to teachers in the UK National Literacy Strategy (NLS) materials. His evidence demonstrates clearly that NLS grammar advice is "a…

Wales, Lynn

2009-01-01

350

Technical Report and Data File User's Manual for the 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chapter 1 of this report and user's manual describes design and implementation of the 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey (NALS). Chapter 2 reviews stages of sampling for national and state survey components; presents weighted and unweighted response rates for the household component; and describes non-incentive and prison sample designs. Chapter…

Kirsch, Irwin; Yamamoto, Kentaro; Norris, Norma; Rock, Donald; Jungeblut, Ann; O'Reilly, Patricia; Berlin, Martha; Mohadjer, Leyla; Waksberg, Joseph; Goksel, Huseyin; Burke, John; Rieger, Susan; Green, James; Klein, Merle; Campbell, Anne; Jenkins, Lynn; Kolstad, Andrew; Mosenthal, Peter; Baldi, Stephane

351

Learning from the National Board Portfolio Process: What Teachers Discovered about Literacy Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a communities-of-practice framework, this qualitative study investigated what eight teachers learned about literacy teaching and learning through participation in the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards certification process. This article presents two selected teacher cases which suggest that the National Board process created…

Place, Nancy A.; Coskie, Tracy L.

2006-01-01

352

Workplace Literacy Interview Guide. Judging the Quality and Effectiveness of Literacy Providers. Workforce Tools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This interview guide can be used to determine whether a workplace literacy provider has the skills to develop and deliver a successful workplace literacy program that will meet the needs of a business and build the productive capacity of its employees. It can be used to assess the capabilities of a wide variety of literacy providers, including…

National Alliance of Business, Inc., Washington, DC.

353

Reduction of Shape and Weight Concern in Young Adolescents: A 30-Month Controlled Evaluation of a Media Literacy Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of a media literacy program in preventing eating disorders among adolescents is studied. Media literacy can be effective in helping reduce shape and weight concern and other eating disorder risk factors in adolescents over the long term.

Wilksch, Simon M.; Wade, Tracey D.

2009-01-01

354

Making the Randolph-Sheppard Program More Competitive: Results of a National Training Needs Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study involving 97 Business Enterprise Program (BEP) counselors and 99 licensed facility managers from 37 states found that both groups ranked profitability issues and leadership skills as the top two training priorities for a two-day Randolph-Sheppard regional training conference. Crisis management and food safety were also ranked highly. (CR)

Moore, J. Elton

1999-01-01

355

Ground-Water Data-Collection Protocols and Procedures for the National Water-Quality Assessment Program: Selection, Installation, and Documentation of Wells, and Collection of Related Data  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Protocols for well installation and documentation are included in a 1989 report written for the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Pilot Program of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). These protocols were reviewed and revised to address the needs of the full-scale implementation of the NAWQA Program that began in 1991. This report, which is a collaborative effort between the National Water-Quality Assessment Program and the Office of Water Quality, is the result of that review and revision. This report describes protocols and recommended procedures for the collection of data from wells for the NAWQA Program. Protocols and procedures discussed are well selection, installation of monitoring wells, documentation, and the collection of water level and additional hydrogeologic and geologic data.

Lapham, Wayne W.; Wilde, Franceska D.; Koterba, Michael T.

1995-01-01

356

STATUS REPORT ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSION INVENTORY FOR THE 1980 BASE YEAR AND SUMMARY OF PRELIMINARY DATA  

EPA Science Inventory

The report documents the compilation of a 1980 emissions inventory for use in the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP). The current inventory (Version 3.0) contains point source data for over 50,000 plants (with over 201,000 emission points) and area source data...

357

DEVELOPMENT OF THE NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSIONS INVENTORY TO SUPPORT APPLICATIONS OF THE EULERIAN REGIONAL ACID DEPOSITION MODEL  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper describes the processes and data sources used to develop temporal, spatial, and species allocation factors for the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP). NAPAP has charged its task group on Emissions and Controls with the development of inventories of a...

358

Validation for MEDFICTS, a Dietary Assessment Instrument for Evaluating Adherence to Total and Saturated Fat Recommendations of the National Cholesterol Education Program Step 1 and Step 2 Diets  

Microsoft Academic Search

MEDFICTS is a dietary assessment instrument designed to evaluate patient adherence to the National Cholesterol Education Program Step 1 and Step 2 diets. It provides a quick way to record food intake, portion size, and frequency of intake while focusing on foods that are the primary contributors of total fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol in the average American diet (ie,

PENNY KRIS-ETHERTON; B EISSENSTAT; S JAAX; UMA SRINATH; L SCOTT; J RADER; T PEARSON

2001-01-01

359

Assessing the Impact of Pilot School Snack Programs on Milk and Alternatives Intake in 2 Remote First Nation Communities in Northern Ontario, Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Canadian Aboriginal youth have poorer diet quality and higher rates of overweight and obesity than the general population. This research aimed to assess the impact of simple food provision programs on the intakes of milk and alternatives among youth in Kashechewan and Attawapiskat First Nations (FNs), Ontario, Canada. Methods: A pilot…

Gates, Michelle; Hanning, Rhona M.; Gates, Allison; McCarthy, Daniel D.; Tsuji, Leonard J. S.

2013-01-01

360

Middle School Assessments that Contribute to Literacy Goals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessment in physical education is not new. What is new is a national focus on teacher evaluation systems that include the use of student achievement scores from administered assessments. An additional educational focus is on the implementation of Common Core Learning Standards in all subject areas, including physical education. Physical…

Mercier, Kevin; Whitley, Meredith A.; Manson, Mara

2014-01-01

361

50 CFR 86.123 - Comprehensive National Assessment schedule.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE AND SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM BOATING INFRASTRUCTURE GRANT (BIG) PROGRAM Completing the Comprehensive National Assessment § 86.123 Comprehensive National...

2014-10-01

362

50 CFR 86.123 - Comprehensive National Assessment schedule.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM BOATING INFRASTRUCTURE GRANT (BIG) PROGRAM Completing the Comprehensive National Assessment § 86.123 Comprehensive National...

2010-10-01

363

Early Literacy and Assessment for Learning (K-3) Series: Little Book Insert: Little Honu's Journey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This illustrated children's story accompanies "Exploring Comprehension through Retelling: A Teacher's Story", part of the Early Literacy and Assessment for Learning (K-3) Series (ED490189). It describes a baby turtle's adventures on his journey to the ocean.

Noto, Lee

2005-01-01

364

Our Literacy Report Card. Research in Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the majority of today's young adults meet or surpass the "literacy" standards of 25 years ago, they often lack the level of literacy needed to meet current demands. The National Assessment of Educational Progress studied a nationally representative sample of 3,600 young American adults, aged 21 to 25, to determine how well they could…

Bradshaw, Jim; Paulu, Nancy, Ed.

365

Fundamentals of Literacy Instruction and Assessment, Pre-K-6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For future literacy teachers just beginning their professional education, nothing's more important than the first core text that builds their foundation for classroom success. That's why every preservice teacher should start with this introductory reading textbook, ideal for teaching fundamental literacy skills to students in pre-K-Grade 6. Based…

Hougen, Martha C., Ed.; Smartt, Susan M., Ed.

2012-01-01

366

Vygotsky in the Classroom: Mediated Literacy Instruction and Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to help teachers think about, analyze, and make decisions on literacy instruction, this book provides the conceptual framework and methodology to put the ideas of Lev Vygotsky into practice for classroom literacy instruction. The book claims that Vygotsky's ideas provide a cohesive framework and an operational model that teachers can use…

Dixon-Krauss, Lisbeth, Ed.

367

12 CFR 1075.107 - Allocating funds to consumer education and financial literacy programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 9 2014-01-01 2014-01-01...funds to consumer education and financial literacy programs. 1075.107 Section 1075.107 Banks and Banking BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION CONSUMER...

2014-01-01

368

A Comparative Assessment of Computer Literacy of Private and Public Secondary School Students in Lagos State, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to conduct a comparative assessment of computer literacy of private and public secondary school students. Although the definition of computer literacy varies widely, this study treated computer literacy in terms of access to, and use of, computers and the internet, basic knowledge and skills required to use computers and…

Osunwusi, Adeyinka Olumuyiwa; Abifarin, Michael Segun

2013-01-01

369

Core Literacies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This journal issue focuses on teaching various types of literacies. The journal contains the following 16 articles: "Our Heritage, Ourselves: The Importance of Maintaining Cultural Literacy in the Pacific Islands" (Masa-Aki Emesiochl); "It Works! Web-Based Reading Program Helps ELLs Make Literacy Gains" (Zoe Ann Brown); "A Bridge to Reading and…

Perkins, Joan, Ed.

2003-01-01

370

Activities of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program in the upper Snake River Basin, Idaho and western Wyoming, 1991-2001  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 1991, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) began a full-scale National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program. The long-term goals of the NAWQA Program are to describe the status and trends in the water quality of a large part of the Nation's rivers and aquifers and to improve understanding of the primary natural and human factors that affect water-quality conditions. In meeting these goals, the program will produce water-quality, ecological, and geographic information that will be useful to policy makers and managers at the national, State, and local levels. A major component of the program is study-unit investigations, upon which national-level assessment activities are based. The program's 60 study-unit investigations are associated with principal river basins and aquifer systems throughout the Nation. Study units encompass areas from 1,200 to more than 65,000 mi2 (square miles) and incorporate about 60 to 70 percent of the Nation's water use and population served by public water supply. In 1991, the upper Snake River Basin was among the first 20 NAWQA study units selected for implementation. From 1991 to 1995, a high-intensity data-collection phase of the upper Snake River Basin study unit (fig. 1) was implemented and completed. Components of this phase are described in a report by Gilliom and others (1995). In 1997, a low-intensity phase of data collection began, and work continued on data analysis, report writing, and data documentation and archiving activities that began in 1996. Principal data-collection activities during the low-intensity phase will include monitoring of surface-water and ground-water quality, assessment of aquatic biological conditions, and continued compilation of environmental setting information.

Low, Walton H.

1997-01-01

371

Implementing Routine Health Literacy Assessment in Hospital and Primary Care Patients  

PubMed Central

Background Patients with inadequate health literacy often have poorer health outcomes and increased utilization and costs, compared to those with adequate health literacy skills. The Institute of Medicine has recommended that health literacy assessment be incorporated into health care information systems, which would facilitate large-scale studies of the effects of health literacy, as well as evaluation of system interventions to improve care by addressing health literacy. As part of the Health Literacy Screening (HEALS) study, a brief health literacy screen (BHLS) was incorporated into the electronic health record (EHR) at a large academic medical center. Methods Changes were implemented to the nursing intake documentation across all adult hospital units, the emergency department, and three primary care practices. The change involved replacing previous education screening items with the BHLS. Implementation was based on a quality improvement framework, with a focus on acceptability, adoption, appropriateness, feasibility, fidelity and sustainability. Support was gained from nursing leadership, education and training was provided, a documentation change was rolled out, feedback was obtained, and uptake of the new health literacy screening items was monitored. Results Between November 2010 and April 2012, there were 55,611 adult inpatient admissions, and from November 2010 to September 2011, 23,186 adult patients made 39,595 clinic visits to the three primary care practices. The completion (uptake) rate in the hospital for November 2010 through April 2012 was 91.8%. For outpatient clinics, the completion rate between November 2010 and October 2011 was 66.6%. Conclusions Although challenges exist, it is feasible to incorporate health literacy screening into clinical assessment and EHR documentation. Next steps are to evaluate the association of health literacy with processes and outcomes of care across inpatient and outpatient populations. PMID:24716329

Cawthon, Courtney; Mion, Lorraine C.; Willens, David E.; Roumie, Christianne L.; Kripalani, Sunil

2014-01-01

372

Essential Characteristics of Effective Adult Literacy Programs: A Review and Analysis of the Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews were conducted with 4 members of the Task Force of the Adult Beginning Reader Project, 6 program officials, and 13 heads of adult basic education (ABE) programs; site visits were made to two ongoing ABE programs; and the literature pertaining to adult literacy programs in this country was reviewed in order to identify factors associated…

Balmuth, Miriam

373

Adolescent Literacy. Fact Sheet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Millions of students are graduating from high school without the necessary reading and writing skills for career and college success. According to the long-term trend reading assessments of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), the literacy of thirteen- and seventeen-year-olds on the NAEP has stagnated for close to four decades.…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2010

2010-01-01

374

Functional Health Literacy and Mental Health in Urban and Rural Mothers of Children Enrolled in Early Intervention Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Functional health literacy," a component of health literacy, refers to the ability to read and interpret medical information. The Short Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (S-TOFHLA) measures the ability to read and interpret medical information. The purpose of this pilot study was to assess and compare levels of maternal functional…

Pizur-Barnekow, Kris; Doering, Jennifer; Cashin, Susan; Patrick, Timothy; Rhyner, Paula

2010-01-01

375

In Support of Prior Learning Assessment and Outcomes Assessment of Prior Learning Assessment Programs. Proceedings of the National Institute on the Assessment of Experiential Learning (Princeton, New Jersey, June 12-15, 1993).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains two papers from the 1993 National Institute on the Assessment of Experiential Learning. "In Support of Prior Learning Assessment" (Rebecca C. Hull) highlights arguments in opposition to the acceptance of prior learning assessment and the responses that might best counter these arguments. "Outcomes Assessment of Prior…

Dagavarian, Debra A., Ed.

376

NATIONAL LAKE ASSESSMENT MONITORING DESIGN  

EPA Science Inventory

The USEPA designed the National Lake Assessment in 2005-6 with field sampling being completed in 2007. The objective of the assessment is to estimate the ecological condition of lakes and reservoirs nationally. The objective of this paper is to describe the national survey desi...

377

National Reports in Literacy: Building a Scientific Base for Practice and Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examine the National Early Literacy Panel (NELP; 2008) report from two complementary vantage points: (a) the historical tradition of research syntheses in reading research, beginning with Chall and extending through the NELP report, and (b) other recent attempts to examine or synthesize early reading development. While acknowledging…

Pearson, P. David; Hiebert, Elfrieda H.

2010-01-01

378

Are low levels of book spending in primary schools jeopardizing the National Literacy Strategy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

When the National Literacy Strategy was introduced into English primary schools it aimed, among other things, to raise standards of reading and, in so doing, to improve children's ability to use textual sources to enhance their wider learning and enjoyment. We propose that success in achieving these is likely to be affected by the way in which school resources are

Steve Hurd; Malcolm Dixon; Joanna Oldham

2006-01-01

379

Lifelong Learning for Jobs. A National Workplace Literacy Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Workplace Literacy Project described in this report was a cooperative effort between Piedmont Community College (Roxboro, North Carolina) and two textile manufacturing industries, the Cavel Division of Collins & Aikman Corporation (Roxboro), and the Burlington House Division of Burlington Industries (Burlington, North Carolina).…

Piedmont Community Coll., Roxboro, NC.

380

Issues in Literacy: A Research Perspective. Thirty-Fourth Yearbook of the National Reading Conference.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflecting current themes that scholars in reading/language research, by their selective attention, have indicated are important in the field of literacy and learning in natural settings, this yearbook presents a collection of 62 selected research articles from the National Reading Conference for 1984. Included are the following articles, listed…

Niles, Jerome A., Ed.; Lalik, Rosary V., Ed.

381

Resource allocation within the National AIDS Control Program of Pakistan: a qualitative assessment of decision maker's opinions  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Limited resources, whether public or private, demand prioritisation among competing needs to maximise productivity. With a substantial increase in the number of reported HIV cases, little work has been done to understand how resources have been distributed and what factors may have influenced allocation within the newly introduced Enhanced National AIDS Control Program of Pakistan. The objective of this

Sara Husain; Masood Kadir; Zafar Fatmi

2007-01-01

382

Climate Literacy Initiatives as part of the TXESS (TeXas Earth and Space Science) Revolution Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For four years the National Science Foundation (NSF)-sponsored TeXas Earth and Space Science (TXESS) Revolution professional development program has helped teachers build a solid foundation in the geosciences through guided inquiry activities and lectures delivered by science experts. The professional development program comprises eight professional development academies and two summer institutes. Climate literacy has been a cross-cutting theme throughout the series of academies and institutes. Although we present a special emphasis on climate literacy in the 7th academy on Climate Change, the 8th academy on Humans at the Helm and the 2nd summer institute module on climate mitigation technology, activities related to climate literacy are woven into each academy. Examples of climate as a cross-cutting theme include a module on water and drought, including research on climate change through the analysis of deep-sea cores, and the effects on the Mayan population. Our distinguished lecturers bring in climate literacy as part of their presentations and programs: our Poking Holes into the Planet and Team Science professional development academy included two distinguished lecturers who brought current research results and educational materials from the ANDRILL (Antarctic Geological Drilling) program and the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program. Our Earth as a Habitable Planet professional development academy featured an activity on corals that used data to explore how higher than normal sea surface temperatures contribute to coral bleaching events. TXESS Revolution also works with our teachers to link them with other opportunities aligned with our professional development goals. With our assistance, one of our TXESS Revolution teachers sailed as part of the science team on Integrated Ocean Drilling Program expedition 317 to investigate sea level fluctuations in the Canterbury Basin offshore New Zealand, creating various resources (e.g., podcasts, blogs) to multiply the impact of her experience. TXESS Revolution teachers are also involved in two curriculum development projects led by TERC on Change Over Time (emphasis on the cryosphere) and Earth System Science: The Key to Climate Literacy with funding from NSF and NASA, respectively. With efforts such as these, the project is bringing improved climate literacy to 170 teachers from rural, suburban, and urban schools across Texas. These teachers reach a geographically, economically and ethnically diverse group of about 17,000 K-12 students of which 67% are minorities, a result that compares favorably with the demographics of the Texas school age population, currently 65.3 % minority.

Olson, H. C.; Ellins, K. K.; Snow, E.; Bryant, S. L.; Olson, J. E.; Castillo Comer, C. A.; Willis, M.; Odell, M.; Stocks, E.

2010-12-01

383

Emergent Literacy and the Development of the Early Literacy Program Evaluation Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood educators believe that schooling for young children should focus on developing the "whole child," socially, emotionally, physically, and academically. Teaching pre-reading skills and encouraging children to read are essential steps on the path of literacy development. A narrow and persistent attention to academics is potentially…

Grace, Donna J.; Brandt, Mary E.

2005-01-01

384

A Web-Based Model for Developing Assessment Literacy of Secondary In-Service Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigates the effect of a web-based model, named "Practicing, Reflecting, and Revising with Web-based Assessment and Test Analysis system (P2R-WATA) Assessment Literacy Development Model," on enhancing assessment knowledge and perspectives of secondary in-service teachers, and adopts a single group experimental research design.…

Fan, Ya-Ching; Wang, Tzu-Hua; Wang, Kuo-Hua

2011-01-01

385

Education Program for Ph.D. Course to Cultivate Literacy and Competency  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The program aims to cultivate internationally competitive young researchers equipped with Fundamental attainment (mathematics, physics, chemistry and biology, and fundamental social sciences) , Specialized knowledge (mechanical dynamics, mechanics of materials, hydrodynamics, thermodynamics, design engineering, manufacturing engineering and material engineering, and bird?s-eye view knowledge on technology, society and the environment) , Literacy (Language, information literacy, technological literacy and knowledge of the law) and Competency (Creativity, problem identification and solution, planning and execution, self-management, teamwork, leadership, sense of responsibility and sense of duty) to become future leaders in industry and academia.

Yokono, Yasuyuki; Mitsuishi, Mamoru

386

A First Look at the Literacy of America's Adults in the 21st Century. NCES 2006-470  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL) measures the English literacy of America's adults (people age 16 and older living in households or prisons). The average quantitative literacy scores of adults increased 8 points between 1992 and 2003, though average prose and document literacy did not differ significantly from 1992 (figure 1).…

Kutner, Mark; Greenberg, Elizabeth; Baer, Justin

2006-01-01

387

Procedures for Collecting and Processing Streambed Sediment and Pore Water for Analysis of Mercury as Part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Mercury (Hg) contamination is an issue of national concern, affecting both wildlife and human health. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program, in association with the USGS Toxic Substances Hydrology Program and the USGS National Research Program, has initiated two levels of studies to investigate Hg contamination of the Nation's streams: reconnaissance and detailed studies. Reconnaissance studies entailed one-time sampling events at 266 stream sites across the Nation. Detailed studies entailed intensive spatial and temporal sampling of a small number of streams across the Nation in an effort to develop a more complete, process-level understanding of benthic Hg geochemistry and the underlying factors controlling it. This report summarizes the sampling methods used for the collection and processing of streambed sediment and pore water in association with both of these study levels. Bed-sediment characteristics, such as organic content and grain size, strongly influence Hg geochemistry; detailed characterization of these constituents within a stream reach will allow for the extrapolation of related Hg biogeochemical constituents to the reach scale.

Lutz, Michelle A.; Brigham, Mark E.; Marvin-DiPasquale, Mark

2008-01-01

388

Assessment of Reading Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A statewide assessment study of reading programs in Rhode Island is described. Data concerning the history of the primary reading program of the 1965-66 fourth-grade class were gathered; a status study of the reading programs throughout the elementary grades for that year was conducted. Principals' and teachers' opinions on the requirements for a…

McGuire, Marion L.

389

Narrowing the Skills Gap: Workplace Literacy Programs in Canada. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report documents, in case study format, eight workplace literacy programs in Canada. Introductory materials highlight conclusions and discuss reasons for undertaking the project to document the Canadian experience in basic skills training from the perspective of the employer and employee and program design. Each case study or program profile…

Ottawa Univ. (Ontario).

390

Continuing the Exploration of Books: A Family Literacy Program for Challenged Adults. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A family literacy program was developed for families containing young children and learning-challenged adults whose limited reading skills made it impossible for them to read aloud to their children. The program's primary objective was to upgrade the parents' reading skills and knowledge of children's literature. The program was staffed by a…

Doctor Gertrude A. Barber Center, Erie, PA.

391

Summer Literacy for Young Vulnerable Learners: A Study of Caregiver Involvement and Program Stability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emergent literacy programs for young children are significantly more effective when caregivers are integral components of program delivery. This is particularly important when designing programs for vulnerable children such as those with lower academic achievement due to learning and language disabilities, lower socioeconomic environments, or…

Graham, Ashley; McNamara, John; VanLankveld, Jackie

2011-01-01

392

Transformations. Technical Literacy Training, Retraining for Technology, Tech Prep Bridge Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a series of transparency masters divided into four sections on three types of transformation programs: technical literacy training, retraining for technology, and tech prep programs. The first section includes the following: transformations development; retraining workers for technology; elements of transformations program; Lorain…

Edling, Walter

393

THE BLADE Program Basic Literacy for Adult Development. Instructor's Manual. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nature and rationale of the BLADE (Basic Literacy for Adult Development) Program are explained in this instructor's manual, which also provides an analysis and index of the content. The BLADE Program raises adults to a measured Grade 5.0 level in reading, other communication skills, and mathematics. The program is completely individualized: it…

Training Research and Development Station, Prince Albert (Saskatchewan).

394

Integrating information literacy skills into academic summer programs for precollege students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to describe the library instructional program that has been developed at the Z. Smith Reynolds Library at Wake Forest University to teach information literacy skills to elementary and high school students attending academic summer programs. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Historical development of the instructional program is discussed and analyzed. This paper reflects on the importance of students

Bobbie L. Collins

2009-01-01

395

The Impact of Interactive Whiteboards on Teacher--Pupil Interaction in the National Literacy and Numeracy Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study set out to investigate the impact of interactive whiteboards (IWBs) on teacher--pupil interaction at Key Stage 2 in the teaching of literacy and numeracy. As part of the National Literacy and Numeracy Strategies, IWBs have been made widely available as a pedagogic tool for promoting interactive whole class teaching. In order to…

Smith, Fay; Hardman, Frank; Higgins, Steve

2006-01-01

396

Cognitive and Social Perspectives for Literacy Research and Instruction. Thirty-Eighth Yearbook of the National Reading Conference.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This yearbook contains 59 selected articles from the National Reading Conference for 1988 which represent a diversity of topics explored through a variety of research paradigms designed to increase understanding of the critical issues of language and literacy. Included in the collection are "Political and Economic Dimensions of Literacy:…

McCormick, Sandra, Ed.; Zutell, Jerry, Ed.

397

Biotic, water-quality, and hydrologic metrics calculated for the analysis of temporal trends in National Water Quality Assessment Program Data in the Western United States  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey's National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program was established by Congress in 1991 to collect long-term, nationally consistent information on the quality of the Nation's streams and groundwater. The NAWQA Program utilizes interdisciplinary and dynamic studies that link the chemical and physical conditions of streams (such as flow and habitat) with ecosystem health and the biologic condition of algae, aquatic invertebrates, and fish communities. This report presents metrics derived from NAWQA data and the U.S. Geological Survey streamgaging network for sampling sites in the Western United States, as well as associated chemical, habitat, and streamflow properties. The metrics characterize the conditions of algae, aquatic invertebrates, and fish. In addition, we have compiled climate records and basin characteristics related to the NAWQA sampling sites. The calculated metrics and compiled data can be used to analyze ecohydrologic trends over time.

Wiele, Stephen M.; Brasher, Anne M.D.; Miller, Matthew P.; May, Jason T.; Carpenter, Kurt D.

2012-01-01

398

Building Knowledge in the Workplace and Beyond. A Model National Workplace Literacy Curriculum. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide was developed by a partnership between the College of Lake County (Illinois) and six industries in the county to design and implement a model workplace literacy program targeted to the needs of both employees and employers. To create a generalized, model curriculum that focused on the four general job categories of machine…

Ballinger, Rondalee; Gee, Mary Kay

399

Literacy Coaches' Perspectives of Themselves as Literacy Leaders: Results from a National Study of K-12 Literacy Coaching and Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the face of education and the demands on teachers continues to change in the 21st century, so does the role of the literacy coach in schools across the country. This article explores the changing roles and responsibilities of literacy coaches by sharing the results of a study of 270 literacy coaches around the country. In this article, we share…

Calo, Kristine M.; Sturtevant, Elizabeth G.; Kopfman, Kimberly M.

2015-01-01

400

Low literacy and violence among adolescents in a summer sports program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To investigate the relationship between inadequate literacy and violent behavior among adolescents.Methods: This descriptive study involved a convenience sample of 386 adolescents who participated in a summer track and field and literacy program serving youths in low-income neighborhoods in Shreveport, Louisiana, during 1994–1996. Self-reported violence was measured using the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) and reading grade levels were

Terry C Davis; Robert S Byrd; Connie L Arnold; Peggy Auinger; Joseph A Bocchini

1999-01-01

401

Ground-Water Data-Collection Protocols and Procedures for the National Water-Quality Assessment Program: Collection and Documentation of Water-Quality Samples and Related Data  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Protocols for ground-water sampling are described in a report written in 1989 as part of the pilot program for the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). These protocols have been reviewed and revised to address the needs of the full-scale implementation of the NAWQA Program that began in 1991. This report, which is a collaborative effort between the NAWQA Program and the USGS Office of Water Quality, is the result of that review and revision. This report describes protocols and recommended procedures for the collection of water-quality samples and related data from wells for the NAWQA Program. Protocols and recommended procedures discussed include (1) equipment setup and other preparations for data collection; (2) well purging and field measurements; (3) collecting and processing ground-water-quality samples; (4) equipment decontamination; (5) quality-control sampling; and (6) sample handling and shipping.

Koterba, Michael T.; Wilde, Franceska D.; Lapham, Wayne W.

1995-01-01

402

A Case Study of Bi-Literacy Development among Children Enrolled in an Italian-English Dual Language Program in Southern California  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines bi-literacy development among 60 children enrolled in an Italian-English dual language (DL) program in Southern California. Using a variety of measures including (1) oral reading fluency (ORF), (2) accuracy scores, and (3) standardized test for the assessment of reading (STAR) test's estimates of reading ability for…

Montanari, Simona

2014-01-01

403

Annual report of the Environmental Restoration Monitoring and Assessment Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory for FY 1992  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the salient features of the annual efforts of the investigations and monitoring, conducted to support the Environmental Restoration (ER) Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The results presented can be used to develop a conceptual understanding of the key contaminants and the sources, fluxes, and processes affecting their distribution and movement. This information forms a basis for prioritizing sites and for selecting, implementing, and evaluating remedial actions. Groundwater, soils, sediments, and surface water monitoring results are described.

Clapp, R.B. (ed.)

1992-09-01

404

Cook It Up! A community-based cooking program for at-risk youth: overview of a food literacy intervention  

PubMed Central

Background In Canada, there are limited occasions for youth, and especially at-risk youth, to participate in cooking programs. The paucity of these programs creates an opportunity for youth-focused cooking programs to be developed, implemented, and evaluated with the goal of providing invaluable life skills and food literacy to this potentially vulnerable group. Thus, an 18-month community-based cooking program for at-risk youth was planned and implemented to improve the development and progression of cooking skills and food literacy. Findings This paper provides an overview of the rationale for and implementation of a cooking skills intervention for at-risk youth. The manuscript provides information about the process of planning and implementing the intervention as well as the evaluation plan. Results of the intervention will be presented elsewhere. Objectives of the intervention included the provision of applied food literacy and cooking skills education taught by local chefs and a Registered Dietitian, and augmented with fieldtrips to community farms to foster an appreciation and understanding of food, from 'gate to plate'. Eight at-risk youth (five girls and three boys, mean age = 14.6) completed the intervention as of November 2010. Pre-test cooking skills assessments were completed for all participants and post-test cooking skills assessments were completed for five of eight participants. Post intervention, five of eight participants completed in-depth interviews about their experience. Discussion The Cook It Up! program can provide an effective template for other agencies and researchers to utilize for enhancing existing programs or to create new applied cooking programs for relevant vulnerable populations. There is also a continued need for applied research in this area to reverse the erosion of cooking skills in Canadian society. PMID:22085523

2011-01-01

405

NATIONAL TOXICOLOGY PROGRAM (NTP) DATA  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Toxicology Program (NTP) was established in 1978 by the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) to coordinate toxicological testing programs within the department, strengthen the science base in toxicology; develop and validate improved testing methods; and pr...

406

Learning with East Aurora Families (LEAF). A National Institute for Literacy Demonstration Project Family Literacy Curriculum. November 1993 to October 1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication incorporates information for developing the Learning with East Aurora Families (LEAF) family literacy program model as well as specific activity ideas for program components. It is divided into eight parts which include: (1) staff job descriptions; (2) early childhood curriculum; (3) adult basic education curriculum; (4) English…

Dickson, Connie, Comp.; And Others

407

Earthquake risk reduction in the United States: An assessment of selected user needs and recommendations for the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program  

SciTech Connect

This Assessment was conducted to improve the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP) by providing NEHRP agencies with information that supports their user-oriented setting of crosscutting priorities in the NEHRP strategic planning process. The primary objective of this Assessment was to take a ``snapshot`` evaluation of the needs of selected users throughout the major program elements of NEHRP. Secondary objectives were to conduct an assessment of the knowledge that exists (or is being developed by NEHRP) to support earthquake risk reduction, and to begin a process of evaluating how NEHRP is meeting user needs. An identification of NEHRP`s strengths also resulted from the effort, since those strengths demonstrate successful methods that may be useful to NEHRP in the future. These strengths are identified in the text, and many of them represent important achievements since the Earthquake Hazards Reduction Act was passed in 1977.

NONE

1994-12-31

408

National Assessment Measuring American Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A selection of articles on National Assessment of Educational Progress, which measures American education, is presented with varying points of view. The introductory editorial reflects on the progress of National Assessment in measuring learning and in achieving its goal of sound rational decisions about the future of American education. The…

Compact, 1972

1972-01-01

409

A Policy Analysis of Adult Literacy Education in India: Across the Two National Policy Reviews of 1968 and 1986.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There have been few, if any, significant changes in educational policy regarding the provision of adult literacy education in India over the past two decades. The changes that have taken place in India's adult literacy programs have occurred in the realm of technology rather than ideology, thereby supporting a continuity in the existing…

Bhola, H. S.

410

Integrating Assessment into Recurring Information Literacy Instruction: A Case Study from LIS Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information literacy instruction is integrated into the distance education program in library and information science (LEEP) at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign (UIUC). This article describes the LEEP program and the library services provided to its students. Published research on LEEP and related topics in librarianship is reviewed.…

Searing, Susan E.

2007-01-01

411

Welcome to the USGS NAWQA Program Quarterly Highlights, April 2011 Highlights are from the USGS National Water-Quality Assessment Program (NAWQA), which has assessed the  

E-print Network

. Groundwater · Nitrogen contamination in surficial aquifers ­ A Growing Legacy? ­ Access the full study-fold since 1945 and, as a result, concentrations of nitrate have nearly doubled in shallow groundwater characteristics of streams, rivers, and groundwater across the Nation since 1991. Access: DATA STUDIES

412

Feasibility Study for the PISA ICT Literacy Assessment: Report to Network A  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the findings of a study conducted to explore the feasibility of developing and delivering an assessment of information and communication technology (ICT) literacy for the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). The study was conducted at the request of an expert panel convened by Network A and was funded in…

Lennon, Marylou; Kirsch, Irwin; Von Davier, Matthias; Wagner, Michael; Yamamoto, Kentaro

2003-01-01

413

75 FR 81233 - National Climate Assessment Development and Advisory Committee; Establishment and Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...establishment of the National Climate Assessment Development and...establishment of the National Climate Assessment Development and...agencies in the U.S. Global Change Research Program. The NCADAC...First Draft of the National Climate Assessment Development...

2010-12-27

414

NATIONAL PERFORMANCE AUDIT PROGRAM (NPAP)  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Performance Audit Program (NPAP) is one of the ma)or components in the duality assurance of the Nation's air monitoring program. ver the last several years and especially in 1993, the NPAP has undergone a metamorphosis. his paper will explore some of the forces behin...

415

What Do They Know? A Strategy for Assessing Critical Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes how difficult it is to know how critically literate her students are in the adult senior high school in which she is a teacher-librarian. She assumes that many would have gaps in their learning, including gaps in information and critical literacy skills, and that they were likely to approach all online…

Morrissette, Rhonda

2007-01-01

416

Formative Assessment for the Common Core Literacy Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: As implementation of the Common Core Literacy Standards moves ahead, teachers, students, and schools are discovering that the standards demand a great deal of them in order to achieve the vision of college, career, and citizenship in the global-digital world outlined in the standards. To accomplish the goals and high…

Calfee, Robert; Wilson, Kathleen M.; Flannery, Brian; Kapinus, Barbara A.

2014-01-01

417

Technology and Literacy: 21st Century Library Programming for Children and Teens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technology may not be a magic wand, but innovative technology programming can genuinely help children become adept at navigating our increasingly wired world while also helping them develop deductive reasoning, math, and other vital literacy skills. One of the simplest and most powerful tools for technology-based public library programming is…

Nelson, Jennifer; Braafladt, Keith

2012-01-01

418

Literacy Block: Meeting the Needs of All Learners; A Summative Program Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This summative program evaluation study investigated the Response to Intervention (RTI) pilot literacy block program that was implemented in first and second grade classrooms in a small southeastern suburban school. All 111 students in the first and second grade were involved in this RTI model during the 2010-2011 school year including special…

Pelletier, Nancy L.

2011-01-01

419

Investigating the Effectiveness of a Comprehensive Literacy Coaching Program in Schools with High Teacher Mobility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher mobility is a factor that impacts schoolwide implementation of professional development programs. In this article, we present interim results of a longitudinal randomized field trial of a comprehensive literacy coaching program (Content-Focused Coaching, CFC) for improving instruction and learning in schools with high teacher mobility. We…

Matsumura, Lindsay Clare; Garnier, Helen E.; Correnti, Richard; Junker, Brian; Bickel, Donna DiPrima

2010-01-01

420

Documenting Instructional Practices in a Literacy-infused Arts Program: Respecting Pedagogues from the Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the instructional practices around literacy that characterized the work of a community based arts program designed for urban adolescents. Two primary sources of data were collected: field notes on approximately 35 hours of instruction spread across seven months and interviews with the program's staff and students. Four…

Brooks, Wanda; Smith, Michael W.

2013-01-01

421

Understanding the Long-Term Benefits of a Latino Financial Literacy Education Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The long-term impact of a Latino financial literacy program was evaluated with a sample of relatively recent immigrant populations in southern Minnesota. Telephone and face-to-face interviews were conducted with participants 6 months post program completion. Results indicate that improvements in knowledge and skills were retained and that these…

Meraz, Antonio Alba; Petersen, Cindy M.; Marczak, Mary S.; Brown, Arthur; Rajasekar, Neeraj

2013-01-01

422

Exploring the Wonders of Books: A Family Literacy Program for Challenged Adults. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a family literacy program for adult students with mild learning challenges including mental retardation. The program's objective was to upgrade the reading skills of parents and introduce them to a wide variety of enjoyable children's literature. During each of 20 weekly sessions, a class of no more than 15 parents was…

Doctor Gertrude A. Barber Center, Erie, PA.

423

Consideration of Adults' Learning Styles and Life Styles for Better Literacy Programs: A Discussion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adult literacy programs could be improved by determining the learning styles and life-styles of individual students and incorporating the findings into the instructional program. Many researchers have looked at adult students' lives and suggested teaching methods based on the studies. Some suggest using an instrument for identifying adults'…

Partridge, Susan

424

The Effects of Using Interactive Teaching Programs on Preschool Children's Literacy Development: Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents findings of a case study that investigates the effects of using interactive teaching programs on literacy development for preschool children. The significant of this study comes from the lack of studies associated with using interactive teaching programs for preschool children in Saudi Arabia. Data are presented from analyzing…

Gahwaji, Nahla M.

2011-01-01

425

Implementing an Extensive Reading Program and Library for Adult Literacy Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the implementation of an extensive reading (ER) program with 43 first language (L1) and second language (L2) adult literacy students. Among them, 16% were nonnative speakers of English. The main principles considered in the design of the program were (a) purpose of reading, (b) reading tactics, (c) material used, and (d) …

Rodrigo, Victoria; Greenberg, Daphne; Burke, Victoria; Hall, Ryan; Berry, Angelee; Brinck, Tanya; Joseph, Holly; Oby, Michael

2007-01-01

426

Information literacy program for student athletes at The University of Iowa  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the goals, content, and history of a program in The University of Iowa Libraries for teaching library and information literacy skills to incoming men and women student athletes. The program employs interactive instructional methods with a strong emphasis on developing skills both for finding and for evaluating information sources. The article traces the evolution and goals of

Marsha Forys; John Forys; Ann Ford; Jeff Dodd

2000-01-01

427

Continuing the Exploration of Books: A Family Literacy Program for Challenged Adults. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project designed a family literacy program for parents with mild learning disabilities, including mental retardation. The program, which was conducted annually for 3 years, was intended to upgrade the reading skills of the parent, and at the same time, upgrade the parents' knowledge of children's literature. The class was designed for a group…

Doctor Gertrude A. Barber Center, Erie, PA.

428

Program and plans of the U.S. Geological Survey for producing information needed in National Seismic hazards and risk assessment, fiscal years 1980-84  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In accordance with the provisions of the Earthquake Hazards Reduction Act of 1977 (Public Law 95-124), the U.S. Geological Survey has developed comprehensive plans for producing information needed to assess seismic hazards and risk on a national scale in fiscal years 1980-84. These plans are based on a review of the needs of Federal Government agencies, State and local government agencies, engineers and scientists engaged in consulting and research, professional organizations and societies, model code groups, and others. The Earthquake Hazards Reduction Act provided an unprecedented opportunity for participation in a national program by representatives of State and local governments, business and industry, the design professions, and the research community. The USGS and the NSF (National Science Foundation) have major roles in the national program. The ultimate goal of the program is to reduce losses from earthquakes. Implementation of USGS research in the Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program requires the close coordination of responsibility between Federal, State and local governments. The projected research plan in national seismic hazards and risk for fiscal years 1980-84 will be accomplished by USGS and non-USGS scientists and engineers. The latter group will participate through grants and contracts. The research plan calls for (1) national maps based on existing methods, (2) improved definition of earthquake source zones nationwide, (3) development of improved methodology, (4) regional maps based on the improved methodology, and (5) post-earthquake investigations. Maps and reports designed to meet the needs, priorities, concerns, and recommendations of various user groups will be the products of this research and provide the technical basis for improved implementation.

Hays, Walter W.

1979-01-01

429

Health Literacy Training for Public Health Nurses in Fukushima: A Case-Study of Program Adaptation, Implementation and Evaluation  

PubMed Central

Health literacy comprises not only an individual’s ability to gain access to, understand and use health information, but also health care providers’ ability to make health information accessible and usable. The Fukushima nuclear accident has posed challenges related to the communication of radiation-related health information. Public health nurses are gatekeepers of community health in Japan, and have primary responsibility for communicating this complex information about science and risk to lay members of the community. A health literacy training program was designed to augment communication skills of participating nurses with two primary goals: changing communication practices and norms among public health nurses, and improving access to information for community residents. Training content incorporated an overview of health literacy skills (including numeracy), processes for assessing written materials and visual displays, as well as guidelines for text improvement. The workshop was spread across two days with two-hour sessions each day. A proximal post-training evaluation survey was conducted, followed by a more distal one-month follow-up evaluation to assess the application of learned skills in practice. Twenty-six nurses in Fukushima City attended the first trial. Post-training evaluations were highly positive, with agreement from 85-100% of participants on the appropriateness and usefulness of the workshop. During a one-month follow-up, the nurses reported applying new knowledge and skills to develop written materials. However, they faced difficulties sharing their new skills with colleagues and challenges changing work norms. Participants also encountered difficulties using graphics and explaining risks in practice. This paper highlights the importance of providing health literacy training opportunities for professionals to strengthen health system’s ability to accessible information and services. This program also serves as important reference for future disaster management efforts. PMID:25784828

GOTO, Aya; RUDD, Rima E.; LAI, Alden Yuanhong; YOSHIDA-KOMIYA, Hiromi

2014-01-01

430

Computer Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE FOLLOWING IS THE FULL TEXT OF THIS DOCUMENT: After viewing many computer-literacy programs, we believe San Marcos Junior High School has developed a unique program which will truly develop computer literacy. Our hope is to give all students a comprehensive look at computers as they go through their two years here. They will not only learn the…

San Marcos Unified School District, CA.

431

Using Classroom-Based Assessment on a Large Scale: Supporting and Reporting on Student Learning with the Early Literacy Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the development work and research findings of an initiative to create a statewide literacy assessment in New York to inform teaching and learning and report on group performance trends. The Early Literacy Profile (ELP) is a classroom-based, standards-referenced performance assessment for students in the primary grades…

Falk, Beverly; Ort, Suzanna Wichterle; Moirs, Katie

432

A Trial Evaluation of SWELL (Schoolwide Early Language and Literacy): A Whole Class Early Literacy Program for At-Risk and Disadvantaged Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study evaluated the Schoolwide Early Language and Literacy (SWELL) program using four Australian disadvantaged schools. Two schools implemented the program in the kindergarten year, while the other two schools pursued regular kindergarten curriculum. Children in the program outperformed others on words read in context, but not on words read in…

Center, Yola; Freeman, Louella

1997-01-01

433

Assessment of Health Literacy and Numeracy Among Spanish-speaking Parents of Young Children; Validation of the Spanish Parental Health Literacy Activities Test (PHLAT Spanish)  

PubMed Central

Objective To assess the health literacy and numeracy skills of Spanish-speaking parents of young children and to validate a new Spanish language health literacy assessment for parents, the Spanish Parental Health Literacy Activities Test (PHLAT-10 Spanish). Design/Methods Cross-sectional study of Spanish-speaking caregivers of young children (<30 months) enrolled at primary care clinics in 4 academic medical centers. Caregivers were administered the 10-item PHLAT in addition to validated tests of health literacy (S-TOFHLA) and numeracy (WRAT-3 Arithmetic). Psychometric analysis was used to examine item characteristics of the PHLAT-10 Spanish, to assess its correlation with sociodemographics and performance on literacy/numeracy assessments, and to generate a shorter 8-item scale (PHLAT-8). Results Of 176 caregivers, 77% had adequate health literacy (S-TOFHLA), while only 0.6% had 9th grade or higher numeracy skills. Mean PHLAT-10 score was 41.6% (SD 21.1). Fewer than half (45.5%) were able to read a liquid antibiotic prescription label and demonstrate how much medication to administer within an oral syringe. Less than a third (31.8%) were able to interpret a food label to determine whether it met WIC guidelines. Higher PHLAT-10 score was associated with higher years of education (r=0.49), S-TOFHLA (r=0.53) and WRAT-3 (r=0.55) scores (p<0.001). Internal reliability was good (KR-20=0.61). An 8-item scale was highly correlated with the full 10-item scale (r=0.97, p<0.001), with comparable internal reliability (KR-20= 0.64). Conclusions Many Spanish-speaking parents have difficulty carrying out health-related literacy and numeracy tasks. The Spanish PHLAT demonstrates good psychometric characteristics and may be useful for identifying parents who would benefit from receiving low-literacy child health information. PMID:22056223

Yin, H. Shonna; Sanders, Lee M.; Rothman, Russell L.; Mendelsohn, Alan L.; Dreyer, Benard P.; White, Richard O.; Finkle, Joanne P.; Prendes, Stefania; Perrin, Eliana M.

2011-01-01

434

Developing Literacy in Second-Language Learners: Report of the National Literacy Panel on Language-Minority Children and Youth. Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching language-minority students to read and write well in English is an urgent challenge in the nation's K-12 schools. Literacy in English is essential to achievement in every academic subject-and to educational and economic opportunities beyond schooling. Compounding this challenge are increasing numbers and diversity of…

August, Diane, Ed.; Shanahan, Timothy, Ed.

2006-01-01

435

Instruction to Help Young Children Develop Language and Literacy Skills: The Roles of Program Design and Instructional Guidance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the kinds of instructional activities that young children need to develop basic language and literacy skills based on recent research and program evaluations. This includes approaches to develop alphabetic understanding, phonological awareness, vocabulary, and oral language. Activities and materials from the Pre-kindergarten Literacy program are provided as examples of methods preschool teachers can use to help young

Barbara Gunn; Patricia Vadasy; Keith Smolkowski

2011-01-01

436

Models of Excellence in Adult Learning. Recipients of the 1994 Secretary's Award for Outstanding Adult Education and Literacy Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet profiles the 10 recipients of the 1994 Secretary of Education's Award for Outstanding Adult Education and Literacy Programs. The following programs are profiled: Portland Adult Education (Portland, Maine); The Center for Literacy, Inc. (Philadelphia); James H. Groves Adult High School (Dover, Delaware); Adult Basic Skills Education…

Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC. Div. of Adult Education and Literacy.

437

An Analysis of Factors Influencing Urbanite Woman Learner-Participation in Functional Literacy Programs in Selected Christian Churches, Accra  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The promotion of adult functional literacy programs per se, neither creates the necessary motivation for learning, nor enhances the participation of adult learners in work-oriented or socio-cultural functional literacy programs. The task in learning-teaching transaction is to create the enabling environment for harnessing and enhancing…

Saah, Albert Amoah

2013-01-01

438

Reach for the Stars: Visions for Literacy Coaching Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief by the Literacy Coaching Clearinghouse is about reaching for the stars--stories of vision and commitment from educators in small and large schools. Everyone knows of people who are held up as "visionaries" throughout history: Leonardo Da Vinci, Mahatma Gandhi, Jules Verne, Thomas Edison, Susan Anthony, or John Dewey, to name a few. The…

DeFord, Diane

2012-01-01

439

The Evolution of an Adolescent Literacy Program: A Foundation's Journey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Carnegie Corporation of New York is associated with the very foundations of literacy going back to the philanthropy of Andrew Carnegie himself and of the Corporation in its early years. Andrew Carnegie's legacy includes over 2,500 free public libraries that he saw as a link "bridging ignorance and education." In fact, Carnegie, the man,…

Henriquez, Andres

2005-01-01

440

Toward a Renewed Focus. Literacy in Early Language Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article promotes literacy as a a powerful tool for learning new language. Although learners frequently think of comprehensible input as language that is heard, comprehensible input from print can also be accessed. Research has shown that reading has a powerful impact on language learning: much of the vocabulary that educated adults know has…

Met, Mimi

2013-01-01

441

Culturally-Tailored Education Programs to Address Health Literacy Deficits and Pervasive Health Disparities among Hispanics in Rural Shelbyville, Kentucky  

PubMed Central

Objectives This investigation was conducted to evaluate the impact of culturally-tailored education on health knowledge among Hispanic residents of rural, Shelbyville, KY. Design The program identified specific pathways to address health literacy deficits and disparities identified through a community-wide health assessment completed in 2010. Results A total of 43 Hispanic males who shared deficiencies in community-wide health infrastructure were enrolled in the program. The curriculum included an introductory session followed by five, subject-specific, sessions offered on a weekly basis from February to April 2011. Pre/post-test assessments showed marked improvement in knowledge base for all participants after each session, most notably related to cardiovascular disease, diabetes and metabolic syndrome. The group reconvened in January 2012 for follow-up instruction on cardiovascular disease and diabetes, as well as global assessment of knowledge retention over a nine-month period. Comparisons of pre/post testing in cardiovascular disease and diabetes, as well as global health-related knowledge showed significant gains for all parameters. Conclusions Health education programs that embrace perceptions of the community of their own health, and that integrate knowledge into culturally-sensitive education, significantly improved health knowledge among Hispanic residents in rural Kentucky. Such gains may translate into sustainable improvements in health literacy and help reduce health disparities. PMID:25401044

Ramos, Irma N; Ramos, Kenneth S; Boerner, Aisa; He, Qiang; Tavera-Garcia, Marco A

2014-01-01

442

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Science and Engineering Apprentice Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Science and Engineering Apprentice Program for high school students is one of NASA's many efforts toward a goal of scientific literacy. It embraces science, mathematics, and technology as keys to purposeful and sustained progress and security for our nation and its people. It serves as a model for helping reform education by striving to address mechanisms to influence the knowledge, skills, and attitudes of our students. It focuses on what to do today to meet the challenges of tomorrow.

1997-01-01

443

INDUSTRIAL ASSESSMENT CENTER PROGRAM  

SciTech Connect

Since its establishment in 1990, San Diego State University’s Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) has served close to 400 small and medium-sized manufacturing plants in Southern California. SDSU/IAC’s efforts to transfer state-of-the-art technologies to industry have increased revenues, cultivated creativity, improved efficiencies, and benefited the environment. A substantial benefit from the program has been the ongoing training of engineering faculty and students. During this funding cycle, SDSU/IAC has trained 31 students, 7 of the graduate. A total of 92 assessments and 108 assessment days were completed, resulting in 638 assessment recommendations.

ASFAW BEYENE

2008-09-29

444

Charting a Course to Earth System Science Literacy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Public literacy of fundamental ideas in Earth System Science (ESS) is immensely important, both because of its relevance to the daily lives of individual citizens and the role played by informed policy decisions related to water, energy, climate change, and hazards in securing our Nation's well-being and prosperity. The National Science Education Standards (NRC, 1996) argued that topics which comprise ESS also have tremendous value in providing context and meaning for the teaching of Biology, Chemistry, and Physics concepts and their applications, thereby serving the goals of the America COMPETES Act. Yet, as documented in the 2006 Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) results, the U.S. continues to lag significantly behind other developed nations in science literacy. A major obstacle to improving public ESS literacy, specifically, and strengthening science literacy, in general, is the fact that fewer than 30% of students in U.S. high schools take any courses related to ESS. Often, these courses are taught by teachers with limited preparation in this content area. A new grass-roots movement within the geoscience research and education communities, fueled by interagency collaboration, is seeking to overcome these obstacles and steer a new course for ESS education in the Nation. The Earth System Science Literacy Initiative (ESSLI) builds on recent efforts within portions of the geosciences community to reach consensus on what defines scientific literacy within their fields. Individual literacy frameworks now exist for the ocean, atmospheric science, Earth science, and climate topic areas, and others are under development. The essential principles and fundamental concepts articulated in these frameworks provide consistent core messages that can be delivered and reinforced not only through formal education channels, but also through informal education activities and the media, thereby avoiding the inherent obstacles of the formal education setting. Efforts underway to (1) integrate the individual literacy documents into a coherent, scientifically accurate ESS literacy framework that reflects the interactive complexity of Earth systems and (2) establish a new strategic plan for reforming ESS education in the U.S., in order to achieve such ESS literacy, will be described.

Karsten, J. L.; Koch, L.; Ridky, R.; Wei, M.; Ladue, N.

2008-12-01

445

National Geospatial Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

increases the efficiency of the Nation's geospatial community by improving communications about geospatial data, products, services, projects, needs, standards, and best practices. The NGP comprises seven major components (described below), that are managed as a unified set. For example, The National Map establishes data standards and identifies geographic areas where specific types of geospatial data need to be incorporated into The National Map. Partnership Network Liaisons work with Federal, State, local, and tribal partners to help acquire the data. Geospatial technical operations ensure the quality control, integration, and availability to the public of the data acquired. The Emergency Operations Office provides the requirements to The National Map and, during emergencies and natural disasters, provides rapid dissemination of information and data targeted to the needs of emergency responders. The National Atlas uses data from The National Map and other sources to make small-scale maps and multimedia articles about the maps.

Carswell, William J., Jr.

2011-01-01

446

An Assessment of Information Literacy Instruction in Physics Curricula  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although the information landscape in scientific and technical fields in general and physics in particular is becoming increasingly complicated, a survey of physics librarians found that information literacy instruction for undergraduate and graduate physics students is almost nonexistent. The rise of electronic (and often unrefereed) communication, through websites, electronic discussion lists, and eprint servers, has made the system of information dissemination even more complex. Despite this increased complexity, in physics curricula formal instruction on navigating and intelligently consuming information resources is minimal. The limited instruction that is done appears to be very pragmatic training on how to use specific resources and does not address issues of information literacy. Research literature indicates that students with immediate and concrete information needs (e.g., course assignments) are most receptive to information literacy instruction. Thus, faculty and librarians need to work together to co-ordinate instruction efforts in a way that is not currently being done, so students with information needs have the appropriate skills to fill those needs.

Fosmire, Michael

1999-10-01

447

Draft Plan of Operation for a Functional Literacy Pilot Program in Swaziland June-July 1971.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A planned full-time "functional literacy" course that was to be held during June and July 1971 in Ekuhlamukeni and Nqabaneni (Swaziland) is discussed. The experimental pilot project was to be sponsored by the Sebenta National Institute, the University of Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland Division of Extra Mural Services, and by the Ministry of…

Sebenta National Inst. (Swaziland).

448

A NATIONAL COASTAL ASSESSMENT OF COASTAL SEDIMENT CONDITION  

EPA Science Inventory

One element of the Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program's National Coastal Assessment is to estimate the current status, extent, changes and trends in the condition of the Nation's coastal sediments on a national basis. Based on NCA monitoring activities from 1999-2001...

449

Quarterly Report for LANL Activities: FY12-Q2 National Risk Assessment Partnership (NRAP): Industrial Carbon Capture Program  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes progress of LANL activities related to the tasks performed under the LANL FWP FE102-002-FY10, National Risk Assessment Partnership (NRAP): Industrial Carbon Capture Program. This FWP is funded through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). Overall, the NRAP activities are focused on understanding and evaluating risks associated with large-scale injection and long-term storage of CO{sub 2} in deep geological formations. One of the primary risks during large-scale injection is due to changes in geomechanical stresses to the storage reservoir, to the caprock/seals and to the wellbores. These changes may have the potential to cause CO{sub 2} and brine leakage and geochemical impacts to the groundwater systems. While the importance of these stresses is well recognized, there have been relatively few quantitative studies (laboratory, field or theoretical) of geomechanical processes in sequestration systems. In addition, there are no integrated studies that allow evaluation of risks to groundwater quality in the context of CO{sub 2} injection-induced stresses. The work performed under this project is focused on better understanding these effects. LANL approach will develop laboratory and computational tools to understand the impact of CO{sub 2}-induced mechanical stress by creating a geomechanical test bed using inputs from laboratory experiments, field data, and conceptual approaches. The Geomechanical Test Bed will be used for conducting sensitivity and scenario analyses of the impacts of CO{sub 2} injection. The specific types of questions will relate to fault stimulation and fracture inducing stress on caprock, changes in wellbore leakage due to evolution of stress in the reservoir and caprock, and the potential for induced seismicity. In addition, the Geomechanical Test Bed will be used to investigate the coupling of stress-induced leakage pathways with impacts on groundwater quality. LANL activities are performed under two tasks: (1) develop laboratory and computational tools to understand CO{sub 2}-induced mechanical impacts and (2) use natural analog sites to determine potential groundwater impacts. We are using the Springerville-St. John Dome as a field site for collecting field data on CO{sub 2} migration through faults and groundwater impacts as well as developing and validating computational models. During the FY12 second quarter we have been working with New England Research Company to construct a tri-axial core-holder. We have built fluid control system for the coreflood system that can be ported to perform in-situ imaging of core. We have performed numerical simulations for groundwater impacts of CO{sub 2} and brine leakage using the reservoir model for Springerville-St John's Dome site. We have analyzed groundwater samples collected from Springerville site for major ion chemistry and isotopic composition. We are currently analyzing subsurface core and chip samples acquired for mineralogical composition.

Pawar, Rajesh J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-04-17

450

Current and Future Professional Development Needs of the Language, Literacy and Numeracy Workforce. An Adult Literacy National Project Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The question of how the skills and knowledge of the adult language, literacy and numeracy workforce can be improved is particularly relevant in view of the ongoing debate on how language, literacy and numeracy skills should be taught. This study reflects on the professional development needs of the three sectors--vocational trainers, specialist…

Mackay, Sandra; Burgoyne, Ursula; Warwick, Diane; Cipollone, Jackie

2006-01-01

451

Financial Literacy of 15-Year-Olds: Results from PISA 2012. Data Point. NCES 2014-102  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Data Point uses data from the 2012 administration of the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) financial literacy assessment. PISA is an international assessment that measures 15-year-old students' reading, mathematics, and science literacy and, in 2012, general problem solving and financial literacy. PISA is coordinated by…

Gonzales, Patrick; Kelly, Dana

2014-01-01

452

Impacts Analyses Supporting the National Environmental Policy Act Environmental Assessment for the Resumption of Transient Testing Program  

SciTech Connect

Environmental and health impacts are presented for activities associated with transient testing of nuclear fuel and material using two candidate test reactors. Transient testing involves irradiation of nuclear fuel or materials for short time-periods under high neutron flux rates. The transient testing process includes transportation of nuclear fuel or materials inside a robust shipping cask to a hot cell, removal from the shipping cask, pre-irradiation examination of the nuclear materials, assembly of an experiment assembly, transportation of the experiment assembly to the test reactor, irradiation in the test reactor, transport back to the hot cell, and post-irradiation examination of the nuclear fuel or material. The potential for environmental or health consequences during the transportation, examination, and irradiation actions are assessed for normal operations, off-normal (accident) scenarios, and transportation. Impacts to the environment (air, soil, and groundwater), are assessed during each phase of the transient testing process. This report documents the evaluation of potential consequences to the general public. This document supports the Environmental Assessment (EA) required by the U.S. National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) (42 USC Subsection 4321 et seq.).

Annette L. Schafer; Lloyd C. Brown; David C. Carathers; Boyd D. Christensen; James J. Dahl; Mark L. Miller; Cathy Ottinger Farnum; Steven Peterson; A. Jeffrey Sondrup; Peter V. Subaiya; Daniel M. Wachs; Ruth F. Weiner

2013-11-01

453

Annual report of the Environmental Restoration Monitoring and Assessment Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory for FY 1992. Environmental Restoration Program  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the salient features of the annual efforts of the investigations and monitoring, conducted to support the Environmental Restoration (ER) Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The results presented can be used to develop a conceptual understanding of the key contaminants and the sources, fluxes, and processes affecting their distribution and movement. This information forms a basis for prioritizing sites and for selecting, implementing, and evaluating remedial actions. Groundwater, soils, sediments, and surface water monitoring results are described.

Clapp, R.B. [ed.

1992-09-01

454

Design of Cycle 3 of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program, 2013-2022: Part 1: Framework of Water-Quality Issues and Potential Approaches  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 1991, the U.S. Congress established the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program to develop long-term, nationally consistent information on the quality of the Nation's streams and groundwater. Congress recognized the critical need for this information to support scientifically sound management, regulatory, and policy decisions concerning the increasingly stressed water resources of the Nation. The long-term goals of NAWQA are to: (1) assess the status of water-quality conditions in the United States, (2) evaluate long-term trends in water-quality conditions, and (3) link status and trends with an understanding of the natural and human factors that affect water quality. These goals are national in scale, include both surface water and groundwater, and include consideration of water quality in relation to both human uses and aquatic ecosystems. Since 1991, NAWQA assessments and findings have fostered and supported major improvements in the availability and use of unbiased scientific information for decisionmaking, resource management, and planning at all levels of government. These improvements have enabled agencies and stakeholders to cost-effectively address a wide range of water-quality issues related to natural and human influences on the quality of water and potential effects on aquatic ecosystems and human health (http://water.usgs.gov/nawqa/xrel.pdf). NAWQA, like all USGS programs, provides policy relevant information that serves as a scientific basis for decisionmaking related to resource management, protection, and restoration. The information is freely available to all levels of government, nongovernmental organizations, industry, academia, and the public, and is readily accessible on the NAWQA Web site and other diverse formats to serve the needs of the water-resource community at different technical levels. Water-quality conditions in streams and groundwater are described in more than 1,700 publications (available online at http://water.usgs.gov/nawqa/bib/), and are documented by more than 14 million data records representing about 7,600 stream sites, 8,100 wells, and 2,000 water-quality and ecological constituents that are available from the NAWQA data warehouse (http://infotrek.er.usgs.gov/traverse/f?p=NAWQA:HOME:0). The Program promotes collaboration and liaison with government officials, resource managers, industry representatives, and other stakeholders to increase the utility and relevance of NAWQA science to decisionmakers. As part of this effort, NAWQA supports integration of data from other organizations into NAWQA assessments, where appropriate and cost-effective, so that more comprehensive findings are available across geographic and temporal scales.

Rowe, Gary L.; Belitz, Kenneth; Essaid, Hedeff I.; Gilliom, Robert J.; Hamilton, Pixie A.; Hoos, Anne B.; Lynch, Dennis D.; Munn, Mark D.; Wolock, David W.

2010-01-01

455

Building Scientific Literacy through Summer Science Camps: A Strategy for Design, Implementation and Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To enhance scientific literacy in the general public efforts are needed that both inspire and engage the learner. Often such efforts are provided through school programs or science learning centers, however, in many rural communities such resources are unavailable. Alternate strategies are needed to provide individuals with quality educational…

Foster, Jamie S.; Shiel-Rolle, Nikita

2011-01-01

456

National Assessments. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper answers a question about national diagnostic and placement tests that measure students' strengths and weaknesses so that they can recognize their strengths and improve their weaknesses. Some schools and districts described using placement tests, however, for the most part, the names of the specific tests were not given. In states such…

Education Partnerships, Inc., 2012

2012-01-01

457

Early Literacy Practices and the Finnish National Core Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2004 the Finnish National Board of Education launched a new curriculum framework that includes principles, instructional aims, and a brief list of content by subject areas. The intent of this framework is that teachers should interpret the core curriculum at the local level and apply it in their own schools and classrooms. This approach…

Korkeamaki, Riitta-Liisa; Dreher, Mariam Jean

2011-01-01

458

Assessing Environmental Literacy of Pre-Vocational Education Teachers in Jordan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assesses the environmental literacy (knowledge, attitudes, and concerns) of pre-vocational education teachers. A total of 124 teachers participated in the study. Data was collected through a closed ended questionnaire. Questionnaire validity was established by content and a Cranach's alpha coefficient used to determine reliability. The…

Al-Dajeh, Hesham I.

2012-01-01

459

Defining the Language Assessment Literacy Gap: Evidence from a Parliamentary Inquiry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study identifies a unique context for exploring lay understandings of language testing and, by extension, for characterizing the nature of language assessment literacy among non-practitioners, stemming from data in an inquiry into the registration processes and support for overseas trained doctors by the Australian House of Representatives…

Pill, John; Harding, Luke

2013-01-01

460

Embedded Information Literacy in the Basic Oral Communication Course: From Conception through Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the process of embedding information literacy into a basic oral communication course. Discussion includes student performance as an impetus for change, collaborative course design between the oral communication teaching team and instructional librarians, and assessment initiatives. Suggestions for future collaborative work…

Weaver, Kari D.; Pier, Penni M.

2010-01-01

461

Development of a Health Literacy Assessment for Young Adult College Students: A Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The purpose of this study was to develop a comprehensive health literacy assessment tool for young adult college students. Participants: Participants were 144 undergraduate students. Methods: Two hundred and twenty-nine questions were developed, which were based on concepts identified by the US Department of Health and Human Services,…

Harper, Raquel

2014-01-01

462

Assessment and Instruction of Oral Reading Fluency among Adults with Low Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We statistically examined the oral reading fluency of 295 adults with low literacy by analyzing total words read per minute and word error rates. We identified four fluency-ability groupings based on standardized assessments of reading-related skills (phonemic awareness, word recognition, vocabulary, comprehension, and general ability). Our…

Mellard, Daryl; Woods, Kari; Fall, Emily

2011-01-01

463

Assessment of Language and Literacy: A Process of Hypothesis Testing for Individual Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Older school-aged children and adolescents with persistent language and literacy impairments vary in their individual profiles of linguistic strengths and weaknesses. Given the multidimensional nature and complexity of language, designing an assessment protocol capable of uncovering linguistic variation is challenging. A process of…

Scott, Cheryl M.

2011-01-01

464

Assessing an Information Literacy Assignment and Workshop Using a Quasi-Experimental Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To determine the impact of an assignment and workshop intended to increase students' information literacy skills, we conducted a quasi-experiment using a pretest-posttest assessment with undergraduate students in four sections of an introduction to developmental psychology course. Two sections (N = 81) received the assignment and instructions…

Fitzpatrick, Maureen J.; Meulemans, Yvonne Nalani

2011-01-01

465

Perspectives on Family Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This joint publication of the journals of the Literacy Assistance Center (LAC) and the National Even Start Association (NESA) focuses on innovative practices and theory in family literacy education, offers an array of perspectives to members of the literacy community, and critically examines some assumptions about literacy in general, as well as…

Literacy Assistance Center, New York, NY.

466

Interpretations of Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Literacy Strategy (NLS) was introduced into schools in England in 1998 with the aim of raising the literacy attainments of primary-aged children. The Framework for Teaching the Literacy Hour, a key component of the NLS, proposes an interpretation of literacy that emphasises reading, writing and spelling skills. An investigation of the…

Layton, Lyn; Miller, Carol

2004-01-01

467

Science literacy programs for K-12 teachers, public officials, news media and the public. Final report, 1994--1997  

SciTech Connect

On 12 July 94, The Institute for Science and Society received the above titled grant for $300,000 with an additional $323,000 awarded 14 August 95. The Institute completed the programs provided by the Department of Energy grant on 28 February 97. These programs for teachers, public officials, news media and the public will continue through 31 December 97 with funding from other sources. The Institute is a non-profit 501-c-3 corporation. It was organized {open_quotes}... to help increase science literacy in all segments of the population and contribute to a more rational atmosphere than now exists for the public consideration of societal issues involving science and technology, both regional and national.{close_quotes} Institute personnel include the Honorable Mike McCormack, Director; Joan Harris, Associate Director; Kim Freier, Ed.D, Program Manager; and Sharon Hunt, Executive Secretary.

NONE

1997-03-01

468

Bhutan National Values Assessment  

E-print Network

, respect for our culture and traditions, love for our country and for God. Throughout our history our parents have upheld these values and placed the common good above the self. My deepest concern is that as the world changes we may lose... indicate alignment. The greater the number of matching current and desired culture values, the greater the degree to which citizens believe their nation is on the right Journal for Bhutan Studies 108 track. In a highly aligned culture, one would expect...

Evans, Steve

2008-01-01

469

Using a Data Chat to Teach Instructional Interventions: Student Perceptions of Data Literacy in an Assessment Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent public policy and research aimed at addressing student-achievement accountability in education may make it prudent for teacher-education programs to explicitly address data literacy as a valid outcome for their graduates. This article examines the changes in perceptions of comfort toward data-literacy behaviors before and after an…

Piro, Jody S.; Hutchinson, Cynthia J.

2014-01-01

470

NATIONAL STATUS AND TRENDS PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

Since 1984, the National Status and Trends (NS&T) Program has monitored, on a national scale, spatial and temporal trends of chemical contamination and biological responses to that contamination. Temporal trends are being monitored through the Mussel Watch project that analyzes m...

471

Involving Fathers in Children's Literacy Development: An Introduction to the Fathers Reading Every Day (FRED) Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fathers Reading Every Day is a 4-week extension program in Texas in which fathers spend 15-30 minutes per day reading to their children to stimulate early literacy development. Modifications for fathers who were physically absent included reading over the phone, recording on audio or videotapes, and using other male role models. (SK)

Green, Stephen

2002-01-01

472

Preparing Teachers of the 21st Century: Creating Technological Literacy in a Teacher Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the pre-service program at the University of Wisconsin-Green Bay, in which technology is a feature of the preservice teachers' first experiences in order to provide them with early opportunities to acquire technological literacy. Explains that throughout the Instructional Technologies course, undergraduate students focus on the use of…

Stokes, Sandra M.; Kaufman, Timothy U.; Lacey, Arthur

2003-01-01

473

Unique Effects of a Family Literacy Program on the Early Reading Development of English Language Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: The present study evaluated the effects of a Family Literacy program on the early English reading development of speakers of English as a first language (EL1s) and English language learners (ELLs). The study included a linguistically and culturally diverse sample of 132 kindergarten children and their parents. Families in the…

Harper, Sarah; Platt, Amy; Pelletier, Janette

2011-01-01

474

Partnership for the Advancement of Information Literacy in a Nursing Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nursing educators know that healthcare stakeholders expect nursing graduates to be able to manage information. Consequently, many nursing education programs are exploring ways of integrating information literacy across the curriculum not only to bolster evidence-based practice, but also to enhance professional development and encourage lifelong…

Beck, Sheila; Blake-Campbell, Barbara; McKay, Devin

2012-01-01

475

Are Teacher Candidates Learning What They Are Taught? Declarative Literacy Learning in 10 Teacher Preparation Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the first phase of a longitudinal study that examines the impact of teacher preparation programs on the literacy instructional practices of teacher candidates. Case summaries and cross-case analysis by 12 researchers of 10 teacher preparation universities across the United States determined (1) the signature aspects of…

Grisham, Dana L.; Yoder, Karen Kreider; Smetana, Linda; Dobler, Elizabeth; Wolsey, Thomas DeVere; Lenski, Susan J.; Young, Janet; Chambers, Sandra; Scales, Roya Qualls; Wold, Linda S.; Ganske, Kathy; Scales, W. David

2014-01-01

476

Literacy for Youth: What Counts As Success in Programs for Youth at Risk?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined what counts as success in literacy and numeracy programs for youth at risk in Victoria. It explored the relationship between discourses around best practice in government reports and through examining academic writings, surveying providers and policymakers, and speaking with practitioners and participants. Main findings indicated…

Ovens, Carolyn

477

The Supportive Roles that Learners' Families Play in Adult Literacy Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2002-03, a qualitative case study explored the experiences of stakeholders connected to two adult literacy programs in Manitoba, Canada. Data were collected through official documents, personal documents, and interviews. Influences by family members contributed significantly to the theme of human relations that arose from these data. The…

Terry, Marion

2007-01-01

478

Technical Specifications for Hardware and Software, and Maintenance in Support of Computer Literacy Program. Volume II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for use by vendors, this guide provides an overview of the objectives for the 5-year computer literacy program to be implemented in the District of Columbia Public Schools; outlines requirements which are mandatory elements of vendors' bids unless explicitly designated "desirable"; and details specifications for computing equipment,…

District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC.

479

Opening Up the Black Box: Literacy Instruction in Schools Participating in Three Comprehensive School Reform Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines patterns of literacy instruction in schools adopting three of America's most widely disseminated comprehensive school reform (CSR) programs (the Accelerated Schools Project, America's Choice, and Success for All). Contrary to the view that educational innovations seldom affect teaching practices, the study found large…

Correnti, Richard; Rowan, Brian

2007-01-01

480

Oklahoma City FILM Even Start Family Literacy Program Evaluation, 2000-2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings from the evaluation of the Oklahoma City Public Schools Even Start Program, also called the Family Intergenerational Literacy Model (FILM), now in its twelfth full year of operation. The evaluation focuses on the total population of adult students, preschoolers, adult graduates, and preschool graduates. The…

Richardson, Donna Castle; Shove, Joanie; Brickman, Sharon; Terrell, Sherry; Shields, Jane

481

"Keep on Truckin'" Literacy Program [for Adults]: Performance Report; Teacher's Handbook; Final External Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is composed of a performance report, a teacher's handbook, and an evaluation report of a workplace literacy program to prepare drivers for the Commercial Drivers' License examination. The performance report addresses actual accomplishments of five objectives. It identifies the number and characteristics of project participants who…

Indian Hills Community Coll., Ottumwa, IA.

482

An Analysis of Preservice Teacher Responses to Participation in a Literacy Program for New Immigrant Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative examination of preservice teachers' experiences as they volunteered for a literacy program for immigrant students was compiled over the 2010-2011 academic year. The data sources for this project consisted of 90 written journal reflections analyzed by both researchers to develop thematic categories of the participants'…

Nichols, Joe D.; Soe, Kyaw

2013-01-01

483

Legal Literacy in Teacher Education Programs: Conceptualizing Relevance and Constructing Pedagogy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Civil and criminal suits involving teachers exact a tremendous toll, both professionally and personally. Arguably, the best defence to potential litigation is to know and understand one's legal rights and responsibilities. The literature suggests that at present, teachers' levels of legal literacy are insufficient. As a result, teacher education programs need to provide pre-service teacher candidates with a sound theoretical

David C. Young; Francis Xavier; L. Kraglund-Gauthier; Andrew Foran

484

National Estuary Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Estuaries are places where rivers meet the sea and are critical to the health of coastal environments and our enjoyment of them. Website features abundant information on the legal and scientific aspects of estuary preservation. Includes guidelines, program profiles, and a shorter version in Spanish. Resources for teachers and students include games and activities. External links to additional programs also provided.

485

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT PROGRAM: EXAMPLE ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT REPORT FOR ESTUARIES  

EPA Science Inventory

EMAP is a comprehensive, multiagency program designed to assess the condition of the nation's ecological resources at national, regional, and subregional scales. ata and information collected by EMAP will be integrated with data from other monitoring programs and environmental in...

486

1992 state-by-state assessment of low-level radioactive wastes received at commercial disposal sites. National Low-Level Waste Management Program  

SciTech Connect

Each year the National Low-Level Waste Management Program publishes a state-by-state assessment report. This report provides both national and state-specific disposal data on low-level radioactive waste commercially disposed in the United States. Data in this report are categorized according to disposal site, generator category, waste class, volumes, and radionuclide activity. Included in this report are tables showing the distribution of waste by state for 1992 and a comparison of waste volumes and radioactivity by state for 1988 through 1992; also included is a list of all commercial nuclear power reactors in the United States as of December 31, 1992. This report distinguishes between low-level radioactive waste shipped directly for disposal by generators and waste that was handled by an intermediary, a reporting change introduced in the 1988 state-by-state report.

Fuchs, R.L.; McDonald, S.D.

1993-09-01

487

Thinking beyond Technology: Using the iSkills Assessment as Evidence to Support Institutional ICT Literacy Initiatives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When Educational Testing Service (ETS) was first approached by college librarians, professors, and administrators to develop an assessment of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) literacy, there was a resounding concern: incoming students could use technology for entertainment purposes, but many did not have the ICT literacy skills to do…

Egan, Teresa; Katz, Irvin R.

2007-01-01

488

Learning Literacies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a service learning course for which students participated in a seminar on literacy and an after-school tutoring program for children. Shows how undergraduate representations of literacy share common features with conversations among well-known writers (such as Walter Ong and David Olson) and also implicitly critique them. (TB)

Minter, Deborah Williams; And Others

1995-01-01

489

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT PROGRAM AGROECOSYSTEM MONITORING AND RESEARCH STRATEGY  

EPA Science Inventory

The monitoring program described in this document is one component of the Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP), a national program administered by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Research and Development. or EMAP, agroecosystems are defined ...

490

Design of Cycle 3 of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program, 2013-23: Part 2: Science plan for improved water-quality information and management  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report presents a science strategy for the third decade of the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program, which since 1991, has been responsible for providing nationally consistent information on the quality of the Nation's streams and groundwater; how water quality is changing over time; and the major natural and human factors that affect current water quality conditions and trends. The strategy is based on an extensive evaluation of the accomplishments of NAWQA over its first two decades, the current status of water-quality monitoring activities by USGS and its partners, and an updated analysis of stakeholder priorities. The plan is designed to address priority issues and national needs identified by NAWQA stakeholders and the National Research Council (2012) irrespective of budget constraints. This plan describes four major goals for the third decade (Cycle 3), the approaches for monitoring, modeling, and scientific studies, key partnerships required to achieve these goals, and products and outcomes that will result from planned assessment activities. The science plan for 2013–2023 is a comprehensive approach to meet stakeholder priorities for: (1) rebuilding NAWQA monitoring networks for streams, rivers, and groundwater, and (2) upgrading models used to extrapolate and forecast changes in water-quality and stream ecosystem condition in response to changing climate and land use. The Cycle 3 plan continues approaches that have been central to the Program’s long-term success, but adjusts monitoring intensities and study designs to address critical information needs and identified data gaps. Restoration of diminished monitoring networks and new directions in modeling and interpretative studies address growing and evolving public and stakeholder needs for water-quality information and improved management, particularly in the face of increasing challenges related to population growth, increasing demands for water, and changing land use and climate. However, a combination of funding growth and extensive collaboration with other USGS programs and other Federal, State, and local agencies, public interest groups, professional and trade associations, academia, and private industry will be needed to fully realize the monitoring and modeling goals laid out in this plan (USGS Fact Sheet 2013-3008).

Rowe, Gary L.; Belitzm, Kenneth; Demas, Charlie R.; Essaid, Hedeff I.; Gilliom, Robert J.; Hamilton, Pixie A.; Hoos, Anne B.; Lee, Casey J.; Munn, Mark D.; Wolock, David W.

2013-01-01

491

Assessing the nation's earthquakes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The basic purposes of this report are: (1) to make a convincing case for the intrinsic value of regional seismic networks; (2) to describe the seriousness of persistent problems in the current configuration and operation of these networks; (3) to outline recommendations for their modernization and future evolution, in particular, their short-term integration and long-term affiliation with the U.S. National Seismic Network. Important supplementary information is included in two appendices: a survey of regional seismic networks and implementation strategies for revitalization of regional seismic networks.

1990-01-01

492

A Changing Literacy in Morocco: A Contextual and Pedagogical Overview (Changes in Literacy).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of literacy and literacy education in Morocco. Sketches the historical context, and then discusses literacy in formal school settings, adult programs, and needed improvements. (SR)

Ezzaki, Abdelkader

1993-01-01

493

Pathways to Labor Market Success: The Literacy Proficiency of U.S. Adults. Policy Information Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the fourth in a series of reports that draws upon the vast amount of background and assessment data and information that have been collected from the National Adult Literacy Survey (NALS) and the International Adult Literacy Survey (IALS). In this report, the authors find connections between the literacy skills of adults and their success…

Sum, Andrew; Kirsch, Irwin; Yamamoto, Kentaro

2004-01-01

494

It's as Easy as ABC: The Essential Elements of a Balanced Literacy Program. PreK-1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains patterns and activities designed to supplement core literacy instruction, showing students how to work together within large- and small-group settings, independently in learning centers, or at home with their parents. Section 1, "Essential Elements and Skills of a Balanced Literacy Program," provides ideas on how to create a…

Jarboe, Tracy; Sadler, Stefani

495

Pawtucket Public Library, Final Performance Report for Library Services and Construction Act (LSCA) Title VI, Library Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final performance report provides project outcome information and data to the U.S. Department of Education for the federally-funded Library Literacy Program. The Pawtucket Public Library (Rhode Island) conducted a project that provided literacy services to English as a Second Language (ESL) learners. The project served a community of…

Reed, Susan L.

496

Lexical Input to Young Children from Extremely Poor Communities in Argentina: Effects of a Home Literacy Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study analyzes the lexical properties of the linguistic context that children from marginalized urban neighborhoods from Buenos Aires, Argentina, are exposed to in the literacy situations generated by an at-home early literacy program. The analysis is focused on the comparison of the vocabulary that these children are exposed to daily with the…

Rosemberg, Celia Renata; Stein, Alejandra; Borzone, Ana Maria

2011-01-01

497

Wayne Township Public Library, Final Performance Report for Library Services and Construction Act (LSCA) Title VI, Library Literacy Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Literacy Resource Center project, a program of the Wayne Township Public Library also known as the Morrisson-Reeves Library (Richmond, Indiana), involved recruitment, retention, coalition building, public awareness, training, basic literacy, collection development, tutoring, computer-assisted, other technology, employment oriented,…

Smyth, Carol B.; Grannell, Dorothy S.; Moore, Miriam

498

Examining the Literacy Histories of Doctoral Students in an Educational Studies Program through Surveys and Interviews: A Mixed Methods Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this mixed methods sequential explanatory study was to explain the relationship between literacy experiences over time and the literacy identities of the doctoral students in a teacher education and higher education program. The quantitative phase, surveying 36 participants, revealed a positive correlation between participant's…

Adams-Budde, Melissa; Howard, Christy; Jolliff, Grant; Myers, Joy

2014-01-01

499

Fostering Environmental Literacy For A Changing Earth: Interactive and Participatory Outreach Programs at Biosphere 2  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Earth system and ecological sustainability problems are complex outcomes of biological, physical, social, and economic interactions. A common goal of outreach and education programs is to foster a scientifically literate community that possesses the knowledge to contribute to environmental policies and decision making. Uncertainty and variability that is both inherent in Earth system and ecological sciences can confound such goals of improved ecological literacy. Public programs provide an opportunity to engage lay-persons in the scientific method, allowing them to experience science in action and confront these uncertainties face-on. We begin with a definition of scientific literacy that expands its conceptualization of science beyond just a collection of facts and concepts to one that views science as a process to aid understanding of natural phenomena. A process-based scientific literacy allows the public, teachers, and students to assimilate new information, evaluate climate research, and to ultimately make decisions that are informed by science. The Biosphere 2 facility (B2) is uniquely suited for such outreach programs because it allows linking Earth system and ecological science research activities in a large scale controlled environment setting with outreach and education opportunities. A primary outreach goal is to demonstrate science in action to an audience that ranges from K-12 groups to retired citizens. Here we discuss approaches to outreach programs that focus on soil-water-atmosphere-plant interactions and their roles in the impacts and causes of global environmental change. We describe a suite of programs designed to vary the amount of participation a visitor has with the science process (from passive learning to data collection to helping design experiments) to test the hypothesis that active learning fosters increased scientific literacy and the creation of science advocates. We argue that a revised framing of the scientific method with a more open role for citizens in science will have greater success in fostering science literacy and produce a citizenry that is equipped to tackle complex environmental decision making.

Pavao-Zuckerman, M.; Huxman, T.; Morehouse, B.

2008-12-01

500

National Toxicology Program  

MedlinePLUS

... is to develop and apply tools of modern toxicology and molecular biology to identify substances in the ... may be of concern given human exposure levels. Toxicology in the 21st Century (Tox21) The Tox21 Program ...