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1

Key comparisons of National Measurement Standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mutual recognition of national measurement standards is of fundamental importance as a supporting member of a modern structure of international trade in goods and services. Calibration and testing services, accreditation bodies and users of these services must have confidence that the national measurement standards upon which their work is based are indeed equivalent. A set of key comparisons of

T. J. Witt

1999-01-01

2

NBS (National Bureau of Standards): Materials measurements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Work in support of NASA's Microgravity Science and Applications Program is described. The results of the following three tasks are given in detail: (1) surface tensions and their variations with temperature and impurities; (2) convection during unidirectional solidification; and (3) measurement of high temperature thermophysical properties. Tasks 1 and 2 were directed toward determining how the reduced gravity obtained in space flight can affect convection and solidification processes. Emphasis in task 3 was on development of levitation and containerless processing techniques which can be applied in space flight to provide thermodynamic measurements of reactive materials.

Manning, J. R.

1984-01-01

3

NBS (National Bureau of Standards): Materials measurements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NBS work for NASA in support of NASA's Microgravity Science and Applications Program under NASA Government Order H-27954B (Properties of Electronic Materials) covering the period April 1, 1984 to March 31, 1985 is described. The work has been carried out in three independent tasks: Task 1--Surface Tensions and Their Variations with Temperature and Impurities; Task 2--Convention during Unidirectional Solidification; Task 3--Measurement of High Temperature Thermodynamic Properties. The results for each task are given separately in the body of the report.

Manning, J. R.

1985-01-01

4

International documentary standards and comparison of national physical measurement standards for the calibration of accelerometers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The documentary standards defining internationally adopted methodologies and protocols for calibrating transducers used to measure vibration are currently developed under the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Technical Committee 108 Sub Committee 3 (Use and calibration of vibration and shock measuring instruments). Recent revisions of the documentary standards on primary methods for the calibration of accelerometers used to measure rectilinear motion have been completed. These standards can be, and have been, used as references in the technical protocols of key international and regional comparisons between National Measurement Institutes (NMIs) on the calibration of accelerometers. These key comparisons are occurring in part as a result of the creation of the Mutual Recognition Arrangement between NMIs which has appendices that document the uncertainties, and the comparisons completed in support of the uncertainties, claimed by the National Laboratories that are signatories of the MRA. The measurements for the first international and the first Interamerican System of Metrology (SIM) regional key comparisons in vibration have been completed. These intercomparisons were promulgated via the relatively new Consultative Committee for Acoustics, Ultrasound and Vibration (CCAUV) of the International Committee for Weights and Measures (CIPM) and SIM Metrology Working Group (MWG) 9, respectively.

Evans, David J.

2002-11-01

5

Photomask Iinewidth Measurement Correlation Techniques Using The Standard Reference Material (SRM) 474 National Bureau Of Standards (NBS) Linewidth Standard  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During 1980, the Photomask Technology Operations activity at the RCA Solid State Division at Somerville, N.J., initiated a program entitled "Metrology Techniques for Linewidth Measurements." The purpose of this program was to improve accuracy, precision, and correlation of linewidth measurements on photomasks. With the cooperation of the NBS (National Bureau of Standards) Dimensional Metrology Semiconductor Materials and Processes Division, this program reached an advanced state of development. Correlation tests between the video image-scanning system used by the RCA Photomask Technology Operations and an optical image-scanning system used by Qualitron, Danbury, CT. indicate the overall linewidth measurement error to be within +/- 0.1 micrometer. This error includes the +/- 0.05 micrometer uncertainty of the NBS SRM 474 standard. Routine production correlation linewidth measurements between the ITP Mark II and ITP Mark III Video Image-Scanning Systems show the uncertainty (systematic and random error) to be within +/- 0.05 micrometers at an 87% acceptance level.

Caprari, F.

1982-10-01

6

International documentary standards and comparison of national physical measurement standards for the calibration of accelerometers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The documentary standards defining internationally adopted methodologies and protocols for calibrating transducers used to measure vibration are currently developed under the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Technical Committee 108 Sub Committee 3 (Use and calibration of vibration and shock measuring instruments). Recent revisions of the documentary standards on primary methods for the calibration of accelerometers used to measure rectilinear motion

David J. Evans

2002-01-01

7

NBS (National Bureau of Standards): Materials measurements. [space processing experiments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Work directed toward the measurement of materials properties important to the design and interpretation of space processing experiments and determinations of how the space environment may offer a unique opportunity for performing improved measurements and producing materials with improved properties is reported. Surface tensions and their variations with temperature and impurities; convection during undirectional solidification; and measurement of the high temperature thermophysical properties of tungsten group liquids and solids are discussed and results are summarized.

Manning, J. R.

1983-01-01

8

Draft American National Standard: Methods for measuring the vibration response of the ground.  

PubMed

Working Group 14 of the Acoustical Society of America/American National Standards Institute S2 Mechanical Vibration and Shock Committee (ASA/ANSI S2 WG14) was formed to develop a standard on methods for measuring the vibration response of the ground to be used when assessing potential impact upon vibration sensitive receivers in the vicinity of rail transit systems. The contents of the standard will be based upon industry accepted methods as described in the Federal Transit Administration guidance manual "Transit Noise and Vibration Impact Assessment" (FTA-VA-90-1003-06) while considering new developments since the latest version of the guidance manual was published in May 2006. This paper will describe the background of the methods and the structure, content, and status of the draft standard. PMID:25235562

Phillips, James E

2014-04-01

9

Measurement of the French national tritiated-water standard by helium-3 mass spectrometry.  

PubMed

The (3)He ingrowth technique is based on the detection of the tritium radioactive daughter, (3)He, by mass spectrometry. Over the last three decades it has been used extensively in oceanography and groundwater studies for measurements of very low to ultra-low levels of tritium. To compare it with the best available methods of radioactive counting, we applied this method to measure the massic activity of a tritiated-water primary standard prepared by the French Laboratoire National Henri Becquerel (LNHB). One liter of a low-level tritium solution was prepared from a small aliquot of the LNHB standard by two-step gravimetric dilution with tritium-free groundwater. Sixteen samples of this solution were analyzed at the LSCE-Saclay noble gas facility, using the (3)He ingrowth method. The massic activity of the prepared solution was also measured by Liquid Scintillation Counting using the Quantulus LNHB counter and an internal calibration method with the LNHB tritiated water standard. All results agree within their standard uncertainty. PMID:24373872

Jean-Baptiste, P; Cassette, P; Fourré, E; Tartès, I; Dapoigny, A

2014-05-01

10

National Science Education Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Science Education Standards present a vision of a scientifically literate populace. The standards outline what students need to know, understand, and be able to do to be scientifically literate at different grade levels. They describe an educational system in which all students demonstrate high levels of performance, teachers are…

National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC.

11

National Information Standards Organization  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1939, the National Information Standards Organization (NISO) is the premier contact organization responsible for identifying, developing, maintaining, and publishing technical standards "to manage information in our changing and ever-more digital environment". Their standards apply to both traditional and new technologies to the full range of information needs, such as storage, metadata, and preservation, to name but a few. On their site, visitors can read their monthly newsletter, peruse their annual report, and take a look at their various standards, including those that are still being developed. Visitors may also elect to download the current NISO standards if they so desire. The "Standards in Development" section is a nice place to take a look at, as it contains helpful notes and working documents on the development of such standards as technical metadata for digital still images and those for controlled vocabularies and thesauri.

2005-12-28

12

Requirements relating to radon in the International Basic Safety Standards: information, measurement and national strategies.  

PubMed

The fifth edition of the International Basic Safety Standards (BSS) has recently been established as Part 3 of the General Safety Requirements of the IAEA Safety Standards Series. The BSS applies to all exposure situations and to all categories of exposure. As such, the BSS addresses both occupational exposure due to radon in workplaces and public exposure due to radon in dwellings. In workplaces, exposure due to radon is treated either as a planned exposure situation or as an existing exposure situation, depending on the circumstances. With regard to exposure due to radon in dwellings, the BSS requires that general information on radon, including information on health risks and the synergy with smoking, be made available to the public and other interested parties. Countries are also required to determine whether an action plan for controlling exposure due to radon indoors is necessary, and, if so, to establish and implement such an action plan. Guidance material, covering the establishment of reference levels, national and regional radon surveys, identification of radon prone areas, building codes for new buildings, corrective actions for existing buildings, information campaigns and programme evaluation and effectiveness is currently being developed. PMID:23295581

Colgan, P A; Boal, T; Czarwinski, R

2013-03-01

13

National Institute of Standards and Technology  

E-print Network

NlST National Institute of Standards and Technology Technology Administrotion U.S. Department AND MEASURlNG DEVICES as adopted by the 85th National Conference on Weights and Measures 2000 NIST 44Handbook and Measuring Devices as adopted by the 8 National Conference on Weights and Measures 200 44NIS Handbook 200

14

COOMET regional comparison of national measurement standards of air kerma for 137Cs ? radiation at protection level  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Results are presented of the COOMET supplementary comparison of the national measurement standards for air kerma in 137Cs ? radiation at protection level (~10 mGy/h). Ten National Metrology Institutes from the COOMET organization and the International Atomic Energy Agency participated in this COOMET project no. 445. The PTB acted as pilot laboratory. Two of the participants, the SMU (Slovakia) and the NSC-'IM' (Ukraine) participated in the measurements but did not submit a valid report of results. The comparison reference value (CRV) was obtained as the mean result of the PTB and the VNIIM, both of which had previously taken part in the key comparison BIPM-RI(I)-K5. The degree of equivalence with the CRV was evaluated. The results were consistent within the relative standard uncertainties of the comparison ranging from 0.28% to 1.3% and deviated from the CRV by less than 1%. Main text. To reach the main text of this paper, click on Final Report. Note that this text is that which appears in Appendix B of the BIPM key comparison database kcdb.bipm.org/. The final report has been peer-reviewed and approved for publication by the CCRI, according to the provisions of the CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement (CIPM MRA).

Büermann, L.; Oborin, A. V.; Milevsky, V. S.; Walwyn Salas, G.; Sukhishvili, S.; Ginga, I.; Ivanov, R.; Gudelis, A.; Gomola, I.

2014-01-01

15

National Health Care Skill Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet contains draft national health care skill standards that were proposed during the National Health Care Skill Standards Project on the basis of input from more than 1,000 representatives of key constituencies of the health care field. The project objectives and structure are summarized in the introduction. Part 1 examines the need for…

Far West Lab. for Educational Research and Development, San Francisco, CA.

16

A national skills standard  

SciTech Connect

The United States Department of Education has awarded a contract to an organization named the Vocational-technical Education Consortium of States (V-TECS) for the development of a skills standard for the HVAC/R industry. This report describes the development of the skills standard.

Goff, G.

1996-06-01

17

International Lessons about National Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whether to adopt national standards and tests has long been a subject of lively debate in the United States. With 47 states now participating in the Common Core State Standards Initiative, and a commitment from Education Secretary Arne Duncan to allocate hundreds of millions in stimulus funds to the development of common tests, the country is…

Schmidt, William H.; Houang, Richard; Shakrani, Sharif

2009-01-01

18

SYSTEMATIC BIAS ESTIMATES OF THE SNAP ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUE IN MEASUREMENT TRIALS OF KNOWN PU STANDARDS IN MOCKUP DRUMS AT LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study was conducted at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) to evaluate the performance of the SNAP? (Spectral Nondestructive Assay Platform) analytical software for measurements of known plutonium standards in twenty-five 55-gallon certification drums. The trials were designed to test the accuracy and precision of SNAPTM measurements as well as to probe the lower limit of detection for Pu-239.

Steven C. Myers; Kathleen Gruetzmacher

2001-01-01

19

Foundations of Metrology: Important Early Works on Weights and Measures in the Library of the National Bureau of Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this project was to survey the National Bureau of Standards library holdings of pre-1900 works on metrology and from these, to assemble a special collection of historically important documents. The 265 imprints selected for the collection are listed in this report. Each entry includes the main author, title, imprint, and collation…

Terner, Janet R.

20

Trace Evidence Measurement Science & Standards  

E-print Network

for testing materials, ... · to assure the compatibility of United States national measurement standards? Independence Outside of the U.S. adversarial legal system � case work � court testimony Nonregulatory · NIST and trace evidence #12;Why we are here? NRC Study Strengthening Forensic Science in the United

Perkins, Richard A.

21

National Green Building Standard Analysis  

SciTech Connect

DOE's Building America Program is a research and development program to improve the energy performance of new and existing homes. The ultimate goal of the Building America Program is to achieve examples of cost-effective, energy efficient solutions for all U.S. climate zones. Periodic maintenance of an ANSI standard by review of the entire document and action to revise or reaffirm it on a schedule not to exceed five years is required by ANSI. In compliance, a consensus group has once again been formed and the National Green Building Standard is currently being reviewed to comply with the periodic maintenance requirement of an ANSI standard.

NAHB Research Center, Upper Marlboro, Maryland

2012-07-01

22

STANDARDS FOR MEASUREMENTS AND TESTING OF WIND TURBINE POWER QUALITY Poul Srensen, Ris National Laboratory, P.O.Box 49, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark.  

E-print Network

STANDARDS FOR MEASUREMENTS AND TESTING OF WIND TURBINE POWER QUALITY Poul Sørensen, Risø National and verification of wind turbine power quality. The work has been organised in three major activities. The first farm summation on the power quality of wind turbines with constant rotor speed. The third activity has

Heinemann, Detlev

23

Information Technology: American National Standard for Information  

E-print Network

Information Technology: American National Standard for Information Systems-- Data Format for the Interchange of Fingerprint Facial, & Other Biometric Information ­ Part 2: XML Version NIST Special 500-275 Information Technology: American National Standard for Information Systems-- Data Format

24

Information Technology: American National Standard for  

E-print Network

Information Technology: American National Standard for Information Systems-- Data Format Publication 500-245 Information Technology: American National Standard for Information Systems-- Data Format for the Interchange of Fingerprint, Facial, & Scar Mark & Tattoo (SMT) Information Sponsored by Information Technology

25

Nanoscale Stress Measurements and Standards  

E-print Network

Nanoscale Stress Measurements and Standards SEMICONDUCTORS Our objective is to develop accurate measurement methods for the nanoscale stress distributions and surface defects that control device performance % CAGR and 41 % US share. · Measurement of stress distributions around transistors in semiconductor

Magee, Joseph W.

26

NSSN: A National Resource for Global Standards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) provides this National Standards Systems Network database, a searchable interface to bibliographic information about more than 225,000 approved standards. The basic search interface supports title and document number queries. Information returned includes title, document number, whether or not there is an ANSI approved standard, and ordering information. The search help applies to an enhanced version of the search interface that is fee based.

27

Coordinate Standard Measurement Development  

SciTech Connect

A Shelton Precision Interferometer Base, which is used for calibration of coordinate standards, was improved through hardware replacement, software geometry error correction, and reduction of vibration effects. Substantial increases in resolution and reliability, as well as reduction in sampling time, were achieved through hardware replacement; vibration effects were reduced substantially through modification of the machine component dampening and software routines; and the majority of the machine's geometry error was corrected through software geometry error correction. Because of these modifications, the uncertainty of coordinate standards calibrated on this device has been reduced dramatically.

Hanshaw, R.A.

2000-02-18

28

Information Technology: American National Standard for Information  

E-print Network

Information Technology: American National Standard for Information Systems-- Data Format for the Interchange of Fingerprint Facial, & Other Biometric Information ­ Part 1 NIST Special Publication 500-271 Information Technology: American National Standard for Information Systems-- Data Format for the Interchange

29

National Academic Standards. Information Capsule. Volume 0903  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Currently, every state has its own set of academic standards, but that may soon change. The National Governors Association and the Council of Chief State School Officers are spearheading a state-led process that will lead to the development and voluntary adoption of K-12 national reading and math standards. Forty-six states and the District of…

Blazer, Christie

2009-01-01

30

National Patterns of Risk-Standardized Mortality and Readmission for Acute Myocardial Infarction and Heart Failure: Update on Publicly Reported Outcomes Measures Based on the 2010 Release  

PubMed Central

Background Patient outcomes provide a critical perspective on quality of care. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) is publicly-reporting 30-day risk-standardized mortality rates (RSMRs) and risk-standardized readmission rates (RSRRs) for patients hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and heart failure (HF). We provide a national perspective on hospital performance for the 2010 release of these measures. Methods and Results The RSMRs and RSRRs are calculated from Medicare claims data for fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries, 65 years or older, hospitalized with AMI or HF between July 1, 2006 and June 30, 2009. The rates are calculated using hierarchical logistic modeling to account for patient clustering, and are risk-adjusted for age, sex and patient comorbidities. The median RSMR for AMI was 16.0% and for HF was 10.8%. Both measures had a wide range of hospital performance with an absolute 5.2% difference between hospitals in the 5th versus 95th percentile for AMI and 5.0% for HF. The median RSRR for AMI was 19.9%, and for HF was 24.5% (3.9% range for 5–95th percentile for AMI, 6.7% for HF). Distinct regional patterns were evident for both measures and both conditions. Conclusions High RSRRs persist for AMI and HF and clinically meaningful variation exists for RSMRs and RSRRs for both conditions. Our results suggest continued opportunities for improvement in patient outcomes for HF and AMI. PMID:20736442

Bernheim, Susannah M.; Grady, Jacqueline N.; Lin, Zhenqiu; Wang, Yun; Wang, Yongfei; Savage, Shantal V.; Bhat, Kanchana R.; Ross, Joseph S.; Desai, Mayur M.; Merrill, Angela R.; Han, Lein F.; Rapp, Michael T.; Drye, Elizabeth E.; Normand, Sharon-Lise T.; Krumholz, Harlan M.

2011-01-01

31

National Agenda for Hydrogen Codes and Standards  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides an overview of hydrogen codes and standards with an emphasis on the national effort supported and managed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). With the help and cooperation of standards and model code development organizations, industry, and other interested parties, DOE has established a coordinated national agenda for hydrogen and fuel cell codes and standards. With the adoption of the Research, Development, and Demonstration Roadmap and with its implementation through the Codes and Standards Technical Team, DOE helps strengthen the scientific basis for requirements incorporated in codes and standards that, in turn, will facilitate international market receptivity for hydrogen and fuel cell technologies.

Blake, C.

2010-05-01

32

The New National Standards for Music Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hundreds of educators contributed to writing and reviewing the new National Core Music Standards over two years of development. Thousands more will find their professional lives shaped by these standards over decades to come. Three individuals involved in standards development explain.

Shuler, Scott C.; Norgaard, Martin; Blakeslee, Michael J.

2014-01-01

33

The National Geography Content Standards. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ERIC Digest discusses "Geography for Life: National Geography Standards 1994." The standards specify what students in U.S. schools should learn and be able to do with regard to geography. There are six essential elements of geography into which 18 standards are grouped: (1) the world in spatial terms; (2) places and regions; (3) physical…

Stoltman, Joseph P.

34

American National Standard for nonautomated sphygmomanometers. Summary report.  

PubMed

The Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation develops voluntary standards for medical devices so that manufacturers might provide information on their product and basic safety and performance criteria that should be considered in qualifying the instrument for clinical use. American National Standards are generated through a consensus process by committees of experts in research, development, and design from user, industry, and government communities. Draft standards are made available for public review and become American National Standards after review by the American National Standards Institute. This report is a summary of the American National Standard that establishes both the safety and performance requirements of pneumatic and other nonautomated sphygmomanometers (especially mercury gravity and aneroid sphygmomanometers) used in the indirect measurement of blood pressure. This standard was developed by a consensus panel from academia, industry, and government; it updates the previous standard approved by the American National Standards Institute in 1986. This summary report does not cover all of the provisions of the revised 1994 American National Standard, thus users, researchers, and instrument designers should refer to the standard for detailed requirements. PMID:7755953

Prisant, L M; Alpert, B S; Robbins, C B; Berson, A S; Hayes, M; Cohen, M L; Sheps, S G

1995-02-01

35

Fluid measurement - Standards, calibrations, and traceabilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A review of the standard philosophies for flowrate measurements is presented, and nominal levels of performance are given for typical facilities at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The NIST flowrate measurement accuracy quotes of + or - 0.13 percent for liquids and of + or - 0.25 percent for air are described, where precisions are produced by the root-sum-square methodology and systematic errors are added to the random errors. Techniques for establishing and maintaining flowrate measurement traceability are discussed along with a specific scheme so that realistic data, produced on a continuing basis, can be generated, and a laboratory's entire flowrate measurement process can be evaluated. It is concluded that, when these types of traceability chains are produced in order to link flow measurement laboratories within and across national borders, satisfactory fluid measurements can be achieved at specified levels.

Mattingly, G. E.

36

50 CFR 600.320 - National Standard 3-Management Units.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false National Standard 3-Management Units. 600.320 Section 600...Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC... § 600.320 National Standard 3—Management Units. (a) Standard 3....

2010-10-01

37

Measurement Implications of "A Nation at Risk."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The implications of "A Nation at Risk" for the field of measurement are examined. These are a need for more frequent and varied tests; responsibility for eliminating measurement problems; and a resurgence of standardized testing at the high school level. The need for measures of teaching quality will increase. (DWH)

Hogan, Thomas P.

1983-01-01

38

Nanoscale Strength Measurements and Standards  

E-print Network

grips. The test specimen is diametrally compressed via instrumented indentation, or nanoindentationNanoscale Strength Measurements and Standards CERAMICS To develop new mechanical test structures device reliability. Test specimens include as-deposited thin films, in addition to theta and C

Perkins, Richard A.

39

Special Feature: Quantum Measurement Standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

This special feature is intended to present a comprehensive review of the present state and novel trends in the field of quantum measurement standards. Most of the present metrological research is concentrated on establishing and strengthening the links between the units and fundamental constants. This will be demonstrated in the nine articles in this feature.The first four articles are devoted

Erich Braun

2003-01-01

40

Computer Forensics Tool National Institute of Standards  

E-print Network

Computer Forensics Tool Testing Jim Lyle National Institute of Standards and Technology #12;November 30, 2012 Forensics@NIST 2012 2 Disclaimer Certain trade names and company products are mentioned the best available for the purpose. #12;November 30, 2012 Forensics@NIST 2012 4 Overview Mostly high level

Perkins, Richard A.

41

National Apprenticeship and Training Standards for Plastering.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to assist management, labor, joint committees, and others concerned with the development of skilled plasterers in setting up, conducting, and improving local apprenticeship programs, this revision of national apprenticeship standards in the plastering trade includes the latest amendments and regulations of the various Federal laws…

Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training.

42

National Standards for High School Psychology Curricula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "National Standards for High School Psychology Curricula" attempts to represent current knowledge in the field of psychology in developmentally appropriate ways. Psychology is a popular high school course, one that can introduce students to scientific ideas and engage students in the learning process. However, it is difficult for even the best…

American Psychologist, 2013

2013-01-01

43

40 CFR 50.12 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. 50.12 Section 50.12 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. (a) National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead and its compounds, measured as...

2012-07-01

44

40 CFR 50.12 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. 50.12 Section 50.12 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. (a) National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead and its compounds, measured as...

2010-07-01

45

40 CFR 50.12 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. 50.12 Section 50.12 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. (a) National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead and its compounds, measured as...

2011-07-01

46

40 CFR 50.12 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. 50.12 Section 50.12 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. (a) National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead and its compounds, measured as...

2013-07-01

47

Standards for discharge measurement with standardized nozzles and orifices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The following standards give the standardized forms for two throttling devices, standard nozzles and standard orifices, and enable them to be used in circular pipes without calibration. The definition of the standards are applicable in principle to the calibration and use of nonstandardized throttling devices, such as the venturi tube. The standards are valid, likewise, as a basis for discharge measurements in the German acceptance standards.

1940-01-01

48

AIR SPEED CALIBRATIONS AT NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The wind tunnel facilities and equipment used for air speed calibrations at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) are described with details of the tunnels' construction and their performance characteristics. The mathematical relationships for air speed computations are shown and error budgets for both the Pitot-static tube and Laser Doppler anemometer (LDA) measuring systems are discussed. The performance

N. E. Mease; W. G. Cleveland; G. E. Mattingly

49

National Assessment Measuring American Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A selection of articles on National Assessment of Educational Progress, which measures American education, is presented with varying points of view. The introductory editorial reflects on the progress of National Assessment in measuring learning and in achieving its goal of sound rational decisions about the future of American education. The…

Compact, 1972

1972-01-01

50

Hardness Standardization Our objective is to standardize and improve hardness measurement  

E-print Network

Hardness Standardization METALS Our objective is to standardize and improve hardness measurement both in the U.S. and internationally. NIST is the U.S. National Metrology Institute (NMI) for hardness, and as such, is responsible for traceability in hardness measurements. Objective Impact and Customers

51

Why We Should Establish a National System of Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains the need to establish a national system of standards for public libraries. Discusses local standards, state standards, and international standards, and suggests adopting a tiered approach including three levels: minimum standards; target standards; and benchmarking standards, as found in total quality management. (LRW)

Hennen, Thomas J., Jr.

2000-01-01

52

Clean air act and National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS)  

E-print Network

Clean air act and National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) Ozone: Sources/Environmental Effects Particulates (PM): Sources/Environmental Effects #12;National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) The Clean Air Act requires EPA to set National Ambient Air Quality Standards for pollutants considered

Weber, Rodney

53

40 CFR 50.6 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM10.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM10. ...primary and secondary 24-hour ambient air quality standards for particulate...shall be measured in the ambient air as PM10 (particles with an aerodynamic diameter...

2011-07-01

54

40 CFR 50.6 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM10.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM10 ...primary and secondary 24-hour ambient air quality standards for particulate...shall be measured in the ambient air as PM10 (particles with an aerodynamic diameter...

2012-07-01

55

40 CFR 50.6 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM10.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM10 ...primary and secondary 24-hour ambient air quality standards for particulate...shall be measured in the ambient air as PM10 (particles with an aerodynamic diameter...

2013-07-01

56

United States Department of Commerce National Institute of Standards and Technology  

E-print Network

United States Department of Commerce National Institute of Standards and Technology Colorado 2012 Institute of Standards and Technology Chief, Office of Weights and Measures Title *Demonstrated Areas to December 31, 2012 Effective Date #12;

57

Topography measurements for correlations of standard cartridge cases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Institute of Standards and Technology Standard Reference Materials (SRM) 2460 Standard Bullets and 2461 Standard Cartridge Cases are intended for use as check standards for crime laboratories to help verify that their computerized optical imaging equipment for ballistics image acquisitions and correlations is operating properly. Using topography measurements and cross-correlation methods, our earlier results for the SRM bullets and recent results for the SRM cartridge cases both demonstrate that the individual units of the SRMs are highly reproducible. Currently, we are developing procedures for topographic imaging of the firing pin impressions, breech face impressions, and ejector marks of the standard cartridge cases. The initial results lead us to conclude that all three areas can be measured accurately and routinely using confocal techniques. We are also nearing conclusion of a project with crime lab experts to test sets of both SRM cartridge cases and SRM bullets using the automated commercial systems of the National Integrated Ballistics Information Network.

Vorburger, T. V.; Song, J.; Chu, W.; Renegar, T. B.; Zheng, A.; Yen, J.; Thompson, R. M.; Silver, R.; Bachrach, B.; Ols, M.

2010-06-01

58

Measurements and Standards for Thermoelectric Materials  

E-print Network

Measurements and Standards for Thermoelectric Materials CERAMICS Our goal is to develop standard, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity) for thin film and bulk thermoelectric materials to enable approach will facilitate comparison of thermoelectric data between leading laboratories, and accelerate

59

Measurements, Standards, and the SI.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights six papers presented at the Seventh Biennial Conference on Chemical Education (Stillwater, Oklahoma 1982). Topics addressed included history, status, and future of SI units, algebra of SI units, periodic table, new standard-state pressure unit, and suggested new names for mole concept ("numerity" and "chemical amount"). (JN)

Journal of Chemical Education, 1983

1983-01-01

60

77 FR 43018 - Updating OSHA Construction Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Head Protection...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...OSHA-2011-0184] RIN 1218-AC65 Updating OSHA Construction Standards Based on National Consensus Standards...proposed rulemaking (NPRM) with regard to the construction industry head protection standards to eliminate...

2012-07-23

61

77 FR 42988 - Updating OSHA Construction Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Head Protection...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...OSHA-2011-0184] RIN 1218-AC65 Updating OSHA Construction Standards Based on National Consensus Standards...correcting a direct final rule (DFR) with regard to the construction industry head protection standards to eliminate...

2012-07-23

62

40 CFR 50.13 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5...national primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for particulate...concentration measured in the ambient air as PM2.5 (particles with an aerodynamic diameter...

2013-07-01

63

40 CFR 50.7 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5...national primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for particulate...concentration measured in the ambient air as PM2.5 (particles with an aerodynamic diameter...

2012-07-01

64

40 CFR 50.13 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5...national primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for particulate...concentration measured in the ambient air as PM2.5 (particles with an aerodynamic diameter...

2012-07-01

65

40 CFR 50.7 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5...national primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for particulate...concentration measured in the ambient air as PM2.5 (particles with an aerodynamic diameter...

2013-07-01

66

40 CFR 50.13 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2. 5...national primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for particulate...concentration measured in the ambient air as PM2.5 (particles with an aerodynamic diameter...

2011-07-01

67

40 CFR 50.7 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2. 5...national primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for particulate...concentration measured in the ambient air as PM2.5 (particles with an aerodynamic diameter...

2011-07-01

68

National Institute of Standards and Technology Automated Security Support Tools  

E-print Network

National Institute of Standards and Technology 1 Automated Security Support Tools The Key Technology Laboratory #12;National Institute of Standards and Technology 2 The Global Threat Information serious attacks on our information systems that can result in severe or catastrophic damage to the nation

69

77 FR 48129 - National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board Membership  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board Membership AGENCY: National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce. ACTION:...

2012-08-13

70

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology  

E-print Network

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Voluntary Laboratory of this handbook and clauses 4 and 5 and annexes A and B of NIST Handbook 150 are addressed and their locations

71

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology  

E-print Network

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Voluntary Laboratory to Clauses 4 & 5, and Annexes A & B of NIST Handbook 150 (4.2). · Interpretive guidance and emphases have

72

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology  

E-print Network

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Voluntary Laboratory requirements of this handbook and clauses 4 and 5 and annexes A and B of NIST Handbook 150 are addressed

73

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology  

E-print Network

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Voluntary Laboratory in NIST Handbook 150. Clause 4.1.2, NIST Handbook 150:2006: It is the responsibility of the laboratory

74

The Use of the National Public Health Performance Standards  

E-print Network

FEATURES The Use of the National Public Health Performance Standards to Evaluate Change in Capacity to Carry Out the 10 Essential Services ' "ARRON#12; -0( * 'LAD#12; -0( # 6UKOTICH#12; -3 Abstract Nationally, environmental public health programs have been

75

Whose History? The Struggle for National Standards in American Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the 1990s the debate over what and whose history should be taught in U.S. schools resonated through the halls of the U.S. Congress, the national press, and the nation's schools. Some politicians and pundits denounced the findings of the National Standards for History, which subsequently became a major battleground in the nation's ongoing…

Symcox, Linda

76

American National Standards: The Consensus Process  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Since the early 20th Century, technical and professional societies have developed standards within their areas of expertise addressing aspects of their industries which they feel would benefit from a degree of standardization. From the beginning, the use of these standards was strictly voluntary. It did not take jurisdictional authorities long, however, to recognize that application of these voluntary standards enhanced public safety, as well as leveling the playing field in trade. Hence, laws were passed mandating their use. Purchasers of goods and services also recognized the advantages of standardization, and began requiring the use of standards in their procurement contracts. But how do jurisdictions and purchasers know that the standard they are mandating is a broad-based industry standard, or a narrowly focused set of rules which only apply to one company or institution, thereby giving them an unfair advantage? The answer is "consensus", and a unified approach in achieving it.

Schafer, Thom

2000-01-01

77

National Residential Efficiency Measures Database  

DOE Data Explorer

The National Residential Efficiency Measures Database is a publicly available, centralized resource of residential building retrofit measures and costs for the U.S. building industry. With support from the U.S. Department of Energy, NREL developed this tool to help users determine the most cost-effective retrofit measures for improving energy efficiency of existing homes. Software developers who require residential retrofit performance and cost data for applications that evaluate residential efficiency measures are the primary audience for this database. In addition, home performance contractors and manufacturers of residential materials and equipment may find this information useful. The database offers the following types of retrofit measures: 1) Appliances, 2) Domestic Hot Water, 3) Enclosure, 4) Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning (HVAC), 5) Lighting, 6) Miscellaneous.

78

Nanoparticle Measurements and Standards for Biomedical and  

E-print Network

goal is to develop certified reference materials, standard test methods, measurements, and critical measurement protocols (assays), consensus standard test methods, critical data and fundamental science related. The three new reference materials (RMs), citrate- stabilized gold particles nominally 10 nm, 30 nm and 60 nm

Magee, Joseph W.

79

40 CFR 50.18 - National primary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...18 National primary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5 . (a) The national primary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5...concentration measured in the ambient air as PM2.5 (particles with an aerodynamic diameter...

2013-07-01

80

United States Department of Commerce National Institute of Standards and Technology  

E-print Network

United States Department of Commerce National Institute of Standards and Technology Arizona 2012 T. Hockert, for the National Institute of Standards and Technology Chief, Office of Weights of Measurement Traceability ~ for January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2013 Effective Date #12;

81

National Construction Safety Team Advisory Committee National Institute of Standards & Technology  

E-print Network

National Construction Safety Team Advisory Committee National Institute of Standards & Technology to submit the 2006 Annual Report of the National Construction Safety Team Advisory Committee (NCSTAC) of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The Committee serves as NIST's advisor

Magee, Joseph W.

82

The National Institute of Standards & Technology (NIST) is a measurement laboratory within the U.S. Government. Founded in 1901, NIST is a nonregulatory federal agency  

E-print Network

the wellknown NIST Cloud Computing and Cyber Security programs. To illustrate my ideas in this talk, I identify, standards, and technology in ways that enhance economic security and improve quality of life. NIST and information technology. I work within NIST's Information Technology Laboratory, which also directs

83

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology  

E-print Network

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Voluntary Laboratory of its customers' confidential information. More specifically, in NIST Handbook 150-17, clauses 4.4.2, 4-1 became a mandatory standard for the protection of sensitive data when the Secretary of Commerce signed

84

National Standards--Love 'Em or Leave 'Em.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains that two-year colleges and their learning-resources programs use national standards in a variety of ways. Looks into the actual use of national standards in two-year colleges, breaking the data down by rural, suburban, and urban areas, and further by FTE and single and multicampus institutions. (VWC)

Suter, Marcia

1999-01-01

85

TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION PROGRAM National Institute of Standards and Technology  

E-print Network

TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION PROGRAM National Institute of Standards and Technology Gaithersburg, MD 20899 ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES FOR CIVIL INFRASTRUCTURE The Technology Innovation Program (TIP) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology was established to assist U.S. businesses and institutions of higher

Magee, Joseph W.

86

Status of Photovoltaic Calibration and Measurement Standards  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The 7th International Workshop on Space Solar Cell Calibration and Measurement was held on September 25-27, 2000 in Girdwood, Alaska. Representatives from eight countries discussed international standards for single and multijunction solar cell measurement and calibration methods, round robin intercomparisons, and irradiation test methods for space solar cells. Progress toward adoption of an ISO standard on single junction cells was made. Agreement was reached to begin work on new standards for multijunction cells and irradiation testing. Progress on present single junction round robin measurements was discussed and future multijunction round robins were planned. The next workshop will be held in Germany in October 2001.

Baraona, Cosmo; Bailey, Sheila; Curtis, Henry; Brinker, David; Jenkins, Phillip; Scheiman, David

2001-01-01

87

National Public Health Performance Standards Program (NPHPSP)  

E-print Network

/ Board Use Common Catalysts for Use ­Interest in performance improvement ­Bioterrorism planning ­Use ­Bioterrorism planning ­Use within the MAPP process ­Interest in accountability National Environmental Public

88

National Institute of Standards and Technology  

E-print Network

and Biotechnology Research (IBBR), Rockville, MD., an interdisciplinary partnership in cutting-edge biotechnology Marine Laboratory, Charleston, S.C., a national center for coastal ocean science, in which NIST is one

89

National Construction Safety Team Advisory Committee National Institute of Standards and Technology  

E-print Network

National Construction Safety Team Advisory Committee National Institute of Standards Annual Report of the National Construction Safety Team Advisory Committee (NCSTAC) of the National of the National Construction Safety Team (NCST) Act (P.L. 107-231) and our report reflects our views

Magee, Joseph W.

90

[Studies on "allura red AC standard", dye standards of National Institute of Hygienic Sciences].  

PubMed

"Allura Red AC Standard (C.I. 16035)", Dye Standards of National Institute of Hygienic Sciences was prepared. The content of this Dye Standards was determined by the titanium trichloride method. This content averaged 95.5%. Ultra violet-visible absorption and infrared spectra of the Dye Standard were also determined. PMID:1364399

Kimura, M; Kakiuchi, M; Kawamoto, R; Tsuji, S; Shibata, T; Ito, Y

1991-01-01

91

National Environmental Public Health Performance Standards  

E-print Network

#12;CDC's Strategy and Goals Health Impact Investments People Strategy Goals Performance Health Protection Global Health Customer Focus Research Health System Leadership Accountability Communication Health Performance Standards Page 2 #12;Goal: Continuous Assessment PLANNING IMPLEMENTREVIEW GUIDANCE

92

National Standards Gain Steam: Governors' Embrace Rooted in Competitiveness Concerns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports that the National standards--once the untouchable "third rail" of American education policy--now have the backing of the nation's governors, a growing number of education leaders, and the U.S. secretary of education. The National Governors Association last week adopted a policy statement endorsing a process to develop common…

Hoff, David J.

2009-01-01

93

Hazardous Materials Management Technology. National Voluntary Skills Standard.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed by workers, trainers, and professionals in the field, this guide contains a proposed national standard for hazardous materials management technology. The guide first discusses the need for and the development of skills standards, then introduces the hazardous materials management technology standard and the four subgroups of occupations…

Center for Occupational Research and Development, Inc., Waco, TX.

94

Teaching to the National Geography Standards Through Children's Picture Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

Grasping a knowledge of geography can be an exciting experience for children when it is developed by reading picture books. Many children's books depict the content of the National Geography Standards. This article reviews the standard's six essential elements and demonstrates how children's books can be used to teach geography. Each element and a particular standard are applied to a

Danielle A. Marra

1996-01-01

95

Standard probes for electromagnetic field measurements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses various standard antennas for measuring radio-frequency electric and magnetic fields. A theoretical analysis of each antenna's receiving characteristics is summarized and referenced. The standard probes described are an electrically short dipole, a resistively-loaded dipole, a half-wave dipole, an electrically small loop, and a resistively-loaded loop. A single-turn loop designed for simultaneous measurement of the electric and magnetic components of

Motohisa Kanda

1993-01-01

96

76 FR 22342 - National Standard 10 Guidelines  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...comments in Microsoft Word, Excel, WordPerfect, or Adobe PDF...can be slippery or icy; some gear types can be dangerous to...3 miles; and it establishes design and construction standards...considerations (operating environment, gear and vessel loading...

2011-04-21

97

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants submittal -- 1997  

SciTech Connect

Each potential source of Nevada Test Site (NTS) emissions was characterized by one of the following methods: (1) monitoring methods and procedures previously developed at the NTS; (2) a yearly radionuclide inventory of the source, assuming that volatile radionuclide are released to the environment; (3) the measurement of tritiated water (as HTO or T{sub 2}O) concentration in liquid effluents discharged to containment ponds and assuming all the effluent evaporates over the course of the year to become an air emission; or (4) using a combination of environmental measurements and CAP88-PC to calculate emissions. The emissions for National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) reporting are listed. They are very conservative and are used in Section 3 to calculate the EDE to the maximally exposed individual offsite. Offsite environmental surveillance data, where available, are used to confirm that calculated emissions are, indeed, conservative.

Townsend, Y.E. [ed.; Black, S.C.

1998-06-01

98

42 CFR 403.812 - HIPAA privacy, security, administrative data standards, and national identifiers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... HIPAA privacy, security, administrative data standards, and national identifiers... HIPAA privacy, security, administrative data standards, and national identifiers...Secretary. (c) Security requirements —(1) Standard. An...

2010-10-01

99

National Center for Standards and Certification Information: Service and programs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Center for Standards and Certification Information (NCSCI) provides information on U.S., foreign and international voluntary standards, government regulations, and conformity assessment procedures for non-agricultural products. The Center serves as a referral service and focal point in the United States for information on standards and standards-related information. NCSCI staff respond to inquiries, maintain a reference collection of standards and standards-related documents, and serve as the U.S. inquiry point for information to and from foreign countries.

Overman, Joanne

1994-01-01

100

Standardized Testing of Phasor Measurement Units  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a set of tests used to determine Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU) measurement characteristics under steady state and dynamic conditions. The methodology is repeatable, comparable among test facilities, and can be performed at any facility with commonly available relay and standard test equipment. The methodology is based upon using test signals that are mathematically generated from a signal

Kenneth E. Martin; Anthony J. Faris; John F. Hauer

2006-01-01

101

STANDARD MEASUREMENT PROTOCOLS - FLORIDA RADON RESEARCH PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

The manual, in support of the Florida Radon Research Program, contains standard protocols for key measurements where data quality is vital to the program. t contains two sections. he first section, soil measurements, contains field sampling protocols for soil gas permeability and...

102

National Institute of Standards and Technology National Construction Safety Team Act  

E-print Network

1 National Institute of Standards and Technology National Construction Safety Team Act Annual by the National Construction Safety Team (NCST) Act. NIST Director Pat Gallagher established a team under the NCST Joplin, MO on May 22, 2011. According to the National Weather Service (NWS) and the Federal Emergency

Magee, Joseph W.

103

40 CFR 403.5 - National pretreatment standards: Prohibited discharges.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...GENERAL PRETREATMENT REGULATIONS FOR EXISTING AND NEW SOURCES OF POLLUTION § 403.5 National pretreatment standards: Prohibited...in the case of Interference, applicable requirements for sewage sludge use or disposal. (b) Specific prohibitions....

2013-07-01

104

40 CFR 403.5 - National pretreatment standards: Prohibited discharges.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...GENERAL PRETREATMENT REGULATIONS FOR EXISTING AND NEW SOURCES OF POLLUTION § 403.5 National pretreatment standards: Prohibited...in the case of Interference, applicable requirements for sewage sludge use or disposal. (b) Specific prohibitions....

2012-07-01

105

40 CFR 403.5 - National pretreatment standards: Prohibited discharges.  

...GENERAL PRETREATMENT REGULATIONS FOR EXISTING AND NEW SOURCES OF POLLUTION § 403.5 National pretreatment standards: Prohibited...in the case of Interference, applicable requirements for sewage sludge use or disposal. (b) Specific prohibitions....

2014-07-01

106

40 CFR 52.1127 - Attainment dates for national standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Massachusetts § 52.1127 Attainment dates for national standards...table reflects the new information presented in the approved Massachusetts plan. Air quality control region Pollutant SO 2...

2012-07-01

107

40 CFR 52.1127 - Attainment dates for national standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Massachusetts § 52.1127 Attainment dates for national standards...table reflects the new information presented in the approved Massachusetts plan. Air quality control region Pollutant SO 2...

2010-07-01

108

40 CFR 52.1127 - Attainment dates for national standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Massachusetts § 52.1127 Attainment dates for national standards...table reflects the new information presented in the approved Massachusetts plan. Air quality control region Pollutant SO 2...

2013-07-01

109

40 CFR 52.1127 - Attainment dates for national standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Massachusetts § 52.1127 Attainment dates for national standards...table reflects the new information presented in the approved Massachusetts plan. Air quality control region Pollutant SO 2...

2011-07-01

110

National Society for Experiential Education Standards of Practice  

E-print Network

National Society for Experiential Education Standards of Practice Eight Principles of Good Practice, and in supporting the learner to use the principles, which underlie the pedagogy of experiential education. 1

111

KEY COMPARISON: International Comparison COOMET.QM-K3: National measurement standards in the field of analysis of gas mixtures of CO2, CO and C3H8 in nitrogen (automobile gases)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This comparison is the first key comparison in the field of gas analysis organized by Technical Committee 1.8 'Physical Chemistry' COOMET. This comparison is the fourth key comparison on automobile gases. Earlier key comparisons on automobile gases were carried out by the Consultative Committee for Amount of Substance CCQM-K3 (the results were published on 21 November 2001) and by regional metrological organizations EUROMET and APMP (EUROMET.QM-K3—the results were published on 5 July 2002, APMP.QM-K3—the results were published on 14 November 2003). The relevance of the comparison is based on the tightening of requirements on the control of automobile emissions (putting EURO 4 and EURO-5 into operation). The foundation of this comparison is: The formation of circumstances for recognition of the national measurement standards of Belarus and Ukraine, which earlier did not participate in key comparisons, and entering of the calibration and measurement capabilities (CMC) of BelGIM and Ukrmetrteststandard in the field of automobile gases to the international database KCDB in accordance with the Mutual Recognition Arrangement (CIPM MRA) for national measurement standards and for calibration and measurement certificates issued by NMIs; The objective of NMIs which participated in key comparisons on automobile gases earlier (BAM and VNIIM) is to support or improve their calibration and measurement capabilities. All laboratories find the gravimetric value within ±0.7% relative to the gravimetric value. This holds for all three components, CO, CO2 and C3H8 in nitrogen. This is a satisfying result. For all laboratories the observed difference between the gravimetric and reported values does not exceed its combined uncertainty. Main text. To reach the main text of this paper, click on Final Report. Note that this text is that which appears in Appendix B of the BIPM key comparison database kcdb.bipm.org/. The final report has been peer-reviewed and approved for publication by the CCQM, according to the provisions of the CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA).

Konopelko, L. A.; Kustikov, Yu A.; Kolobova, A. V.; Rozhnov, M. S.; Khairova, N. V.; Kluchits, A. S.; Heine, H.-J.

2007-01-01

112

Project Lead The Way: Correlation with National Science Standards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document outlines Project Lead The Way's curriculum and its correlation with national science education standards. The report includes details on the various sections of the program and how the units match the national science education standards for grades 9-12. The curriculum outline includes details on the following sections: introduction to engineering design, civil engineering and architecture and engineering design and development. This report may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2012-01-12

113

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology  

E-print Network

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Voluntary Laboratory: Compliance Testing Program Administrative Clarification Documents The Body Armor Compliance Testing Program Testing · CTP 2009:03 Clarification of Section 6, Table 3 "Thermal cycle testing conditions," for NIJ

114

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology  

E-print Network

of NIST Handbook 150-31, NVLAP Healthcare Information Technology Testing, until such time as the nextDEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Voluntary Laboratory SUBJECT: Addition of Test Reporting Requirements to the HIT LAP The purpose of this bulletin is to publish

115

Emergency Medical Dispatch. National Standard Curriculum. Instructor Guide. Trainee Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide contains all instructor materials and requirements for the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Emergency Medical Dispatch (EMD) National Standard Curriculum. It includes lesson plans, instructional aids, and tools and supporting information designed to elevate trained and experienced public safety telecommunicators…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

116

National Apprenticeship Standards for the Retail Meatcutting Industry. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These national standards are intended to serve as a guide for the establishment of thorough and complete apprenticeship programs to produce trained retail meatcutters to carry on the tradition of quality in the retail meatcutting industry. Covered in the individual sections are the following topics: definitions, the National Joint Apprenticeship…

Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training.

117

Preparticipation Cardiovascular Screening. Toward a National Standard. Commentary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the absence of national screening requirements, physicians have been vulnerable to lawsuits following sudden cardiac deaths in athletes. The American Heart Association recently recommended routine cardiovascular screening for athletes. The article suggests that it is time for mandatory, national standardized cardiovascular screening for…

Herbert, David L.

1997-01-01

118

American national standard for nonautomated sphygmomanometers summary report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation develops voluntary standards for medical devices so that manufacturers might provide information on their product and basic safety and performance criteria that should be considered in qualifying the instrument for clinical use. American National Standards are generated through a consensus process by committees of experts in research, development, and design from user,

L. Michael Prisant; Bruce S. Alpert; Carroll B. Robbins; Alan S. Berson; Michael Hayes; Myron L. Cohen; Sheldon G. Sheps

1995-01-01

119

40 CFR 50.17 - National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). 50.17 Section 50.17 Protection...quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). (a) The level of the national...measured in the ambient air as sulfur dioxide (SO2 ). (b) The 1-hour...

2011-07-01

120

A New Standard for Measuring Doctoral Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses a new standard for measuring graduate programs in the United States. The Faculty Scholarly Productivity Index, produced by Academic Analytics, a for-profit company, rates faculty members' scholarly output at nearly 7,300 doctoral programs around the country. It examines the number of book and journal articles published by…

Fogg, Piper

2007-01-01

121

78 FR 23289 - Public Review of Draft National Shoreline Data Content Standard  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review of Draft National Shoreline Data Content Standard AGENCY: Department of the Interior...comments on draft National Shoreline Data Content Standard...review of the draft National Shoreline Data Content Standard. The FGDC has developed a...

2013-04-18

122

76 FR 55880 - National Institute of Standards and Technology; Performance Review Board Membership  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Institute of Standards and Technology; Performance Review Board Membership The National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board (NIST PRB) reviews...

2011-09-09

123

15 CFR 287.3 - Responsibilities of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. 287.3 Section 287.3 Commerce... NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ACCREDITATION...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. (a) Work with...

2010-01-01

124

15 CFR 287.3 - Responsibilities of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. 287.3 Section 287.3 Commerce... NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ACCREDITATION...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. (a) Work with...

2011-01-01

125

15 CFR 287.3 - Responsibilities of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. 287.3 Section 287.3 Commerce... NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ACCREDITATION...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. (a) Work with...

2013-01-01

126

75 FR 27708 - National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board Membership  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board Membership The National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board (NIST PRB) reviews...

2010-05-18

127

15 CFR 287.3 - Responsibilities of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.  

...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. 287.3 Section 287.3 Commerce... NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ACCREDITATION...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. (a) Work with...

2014-01-01

128

15 CFR 287.3 - Responsibilities of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. 287.3 Section 287.3 Commerce... NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ACCREDITATION...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. (a) Work with...

2012-01-01

129

A Study of the Alignment of National Standards, State Standards, and Science Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational reform efforts are currently at the top of the nation's agenda. Policymakers are hearing increasing calls from members of the public to improve standardized test scores. These reform calls are a response to the perceived inadequacy of science teaching in our nation. Data were collected from participating states regarding the status of…

Burry-Stock, Judith A.; Casebeer, Cindy M.

130

As part of its continuing cloud computing series, the National Institute of Standards and Technology is hosting a new forum on Cloud and Mobility. Join experts in the fields of cloud, mobility, and measurement for thought-provoking  

E-print Network

As part of its continuing cloud computing series, the National Institute of Standards around the globe. More than an incremental change, mobile cloud computing is expected to radically alter resources. Cloud Mobility ~ Low-end mobile devices access diverse and scalable cloud computing resources

131

Determination of elements in National Bureau of Standards' geological Standard Reference Materials by neutron activation analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) and prompt gamma neutron activation analysis (PGNAA) have been used to determine elemental concentrations in two recently issued National Bureau of Standards (NBS) Standard Reference Materials (SRM's). The results obtained are in good agreement with the certified and information values reported by NBS for those elements in each material for which comparisons are available. Average

Christopher C. Graham; Michael D. Glascock; James J. Carni; James R. Vogt; Thomas G. Spalding

1982-01-01

132

National Institute of Standards and Technology high-accuracy cryogenic radiometer  

Microsoft Academic Search

A high-accuracy cryogenic radiometer has been developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology to serve as a primary standard for optical power measurements. This instrument is an electrical-substitution radiometer that can be operated at cryogenic temperatures to achieve a relative standard uncertainty of 0.021% at an optical power level of 0.8 mW. The construction and operation of the

T. R. Gentile; J. M. Houston; J. E. Hardis; C. L. Cromer; A. C. Parr

1996-01-01

133

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants submittal -- 1994  

SciTech Connect

This report focuses on air quality at the Nevada Test Site (NTS) for 1994. A general description of the effluent sources are presented. Each potential source of NTS emissions was characterized by one of the following: (1) by monitoring methods and procedures previously developed at NTS; (2) by a yearly radionuclide inventory of the source, assuming that volatile radionuclides are released to the environment; (3) by the measurement of tritiated water concentration in liquid effluents discharged to containment ponds and assuming all the effluent evaporates over the course of the year to become an air emission; or (4) by using a combination of environmental measurements and CAP88-PC to calculate emissions. Appendices A through J describe the methods used to determine the emissions from the sources. These National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) emissions are very conservative, are used to calculate the effective dose equivalent to the Maximally Exposed Individual offsite, and exceed, in some cases, those reported in DOE`s Effluent Information System (EIS). The NESHAP`s worst-case emissions that exceed the EIS reported emissions are noted. Offsite environmental surveillance data are used to confirm that calculated emissions are, indeed, conservative.

Townsend, Y.E. [ed.; Black, S.C.

1995-06-01

134

Intrathoracic pressure measurement in cattle: standardized procedure.  

PubMed Central

A procedure to standardize the position of an esophageal catheter (eso-cat) tip, used to measure intrathoracic pressure, was tested in ten healthy Dutch Friesians. The cattle were in normal condition with body weights (BW) between 52 and 670 kg and thoracic perimeters (TP) between 80 and 210 cm. The position of the neck and head was standardized. The eso-cat was introduced via the nose into the thoracic portion of the esophagus. The distance between the nares and the eso-cat tip (Lcat), which was positioned between the crossing point with the aorta and the caudal mediastinal lymph nodes, was measured for each animal. The regression equation, calculated between the Lcat and the BW and TP was, respectively: Lcat (cm) = 65 + 0.115 x BW (kg) (r2 = 0.99) and Lcat (cm) = 22 + 0.535 x TP (cm) (r2 = 0.97). The corresponding residual standard deviations were respectively 2.52 and 4.37 cm. The multiple and curvi-linear regression equation did not give a significantly better fit of the data. PMID:6509370

Lekeux, P; Hajer, R; Breukink, H J

1984-01-01

135

Standardization, decay data measurements and evaluation of 64Cu.  

PubMed

The purposes of this study were to create national activity standards of (64)Cu, to make possible the definition of an international key comparison reference value and to determine the decay data in order to improve the decay scheme. Four laboratories measured the activity of a (64)Cu solution; these results were compared through the International Reference System. Moreover, the laboratories carried out new measurements of the photon emission intensities and of the half-life. A new decay scheme was derived from these new values and the previously published ones. PMID:22406222

Bé, M-M; Cassette, P; Lépy, M C; Amiot, M-N; Kossert, K; Nähle, O J; Ott, O; Wanke, C; Dryak, P; Ratel, G; Sahagia, M; Luca, A; Antohe, A; Johansson, L; Keightley, J; Pearce, A

2012-09-01

136

Imaging as a Biomarker: Standards for Change Measurements in Therapy, September 14-15, 2006, NIST/NC  

Cancer.gov

Imaging as a Biomarker: Standards for Change Measurements in Therapy A U.S. Measurement System Workshop September 14-15, 2006 National Institute of Standards and Technology Technical Co-Chairs: Ram D. Sriram (NIST) and Laurence Clarke (NCI)

137

Examination of Curricula, Teaching Practices, and Assessment through National Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined to what degree the existing curricula, teaching practices, and assessments in 15 elementary physical education programs were aligned with the National Standards for Physical Education (NASPE, 1995) in the USA. Fifteen elementary physical education teachers voluntarily participated in this study. Data were gathered through…

Chen, Weiyun

2005-01-01

138

PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT (PIA) National Institute of Standards and Technology  

E-print Network

PII such as home phone number or cell phone number, along with BII. The administration and management1 PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT (PIA) National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST Laboratory and phone number, and other PII to facilitate admission to the facility and temporary appointment

139

American Indian Supplement to the National Standards on Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This supplement to the national physical education standards aims to provide teachers of American Indian students with strategies and ideas for culture-based physical education. Traditional teachings have long recognized that the "whole" person must be considered when addressing issues of health, fitness, and general well-being. Among many Plains…

Bureau of Indian Affairs (Dept. of Interior), Washington, DC. Office of Indian Education Programs.

140

Plant Content in the National Science Education Standards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The educational resource emphasizes that the National Science Education Standards (NSES) provide few resources for teaching about plants. In order to assure that students understand and appreciate plants: don't neglect plants in teaching basic biological concepts, avoid animal chauvinism in biology coursework, correct pseudoscience and anthropomorphisms about plants, and make plant studies fascinating and relevant.

David R. Hershey (;)

2005-02-01

141

Plant Content in the National Science Education Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Science Education Standards (NSES) provides few resources for teaching about plants. To assure students understand and appreciate plants, the author advocates teaching about plants as a basic biological concept, avoiding animal chauvinism in biology coursework, correcting pseudoscience and anthropomorphisms about plants, and making…

Hershey, David R.

2005-01-01

142

NIST Organic Act National Institute of Standards and Technology Act  

E-print Network

concerns compete strongly in world markets. (3) Improvements in manufacturing and product technology dependNIST Organic Act National Institute of Standards and Technology Act SECTION 1. FINDINGS-being of the United States economy depends on a strong manufacturing base and requires continual improvements

Magee, Joseph W.

143

The American National Corpus: A standardized resource for American English  

E-print Network

The American National Corpus: A standardized resource for American English Nancy Ide* and Catherine) in the US and the European Language Resources Association (ELRA) in Europe. However, in the main the corpora­scale resource and include spoken language data; however, this corpus is not representative of American English

144

The American National Corpus: A standardized resource for American English  

E-print Network

The American National Corpus: A standardized resource for American English Nancy Ide* and Catherine) in the US and the European Language Resources Association (ELRA) in Europe. However, in the main the corpora-scale resource and include spoken language data; however, this corpus is not representative of American English

Ide, Nancy

145

Domain 4: Growth and Development National Standards for Sport Coaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article, the third in a series of articles from the National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) sport structures, explains how the following two scenarios relate to Domain 4 Standards: (1) two adolescent boys have different baseball throwing skill levels, even though they have been on the same team for the past four years;…

Shimon, Jane; Darden, Gibson

2004-01-01

146

Role of National Institutions in Telecom Standards-Discussion  

E-print Network

forums #12;Global Scenario Nations are becoming increasingly aware of IPR and use their IPR reserves to position trade policy China ­ good example Has pushed its IPR in major 3G/4G standards We need to prepare India to lead future generations of technology Indian IPR Indian requirements #12;Centre of Excellence

Karandikar, Abhay

147

The Development of National Standards for Adult Educators in Namibia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since gaining independence from South Africa in 1990, Namibia has placed considerable emphasis on education, including adult learning. As a means of improving the quality of adult learning, the Namibian Ministry of Education commissioned the development of national standards in 2010 to express competency requirements for adult educators.…

Ellis, Justin; Richardson, Brent H.

2012-01-01

148

Gifted Education and National Standards: A K-5 Program Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to conduct a program evaluation of a K-5 Gifted Education Program. Program evaluation addressed how well the gifted education program studied met the National Association of Gifted Children standards. In addition, this study included stakeholder perceptions of the current gifted education program K-5. This program…

Harwell-Braun, Debra A.

2010-01-01

149

The American National Corpus: A Standardized Resource for American English  

E-print Network

The American National Corpus: A Standardized Resource for American English Catherine Macleod 1998, Charles Fillmore, Nancy Ide, Daniel Jurafsky, and Catherine Macleod proposed creating an American. For American English, freely available corpora that meet this requirement do not exist. The most recent

Ide, Nancy

150

National Apprenticeship and Training Standards for Carpentry. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to guide local organizations of contractors and journeymen in establishing and improving local apprenticeship systems, this booklet contains the latest revision of the National Joint Carpentry Apprenticeship and Training Committee standards pertaining to the basic requirements for effective apprenticeship. In a section on adapting…

Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training.

151

National Standards for Financial Literacy: Rationale and Content  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "National Standards for Financial Literacy" describe the knowledge, understanding, and skills that are important for students to learn about personal finance. They are designed to guide teachers, school administrators, and other educators in developing curriculum and educational materials for teaching financial literacy. In this…

Bosshardt, William; Walstad, William B.

2014-01-01

152

Geography for Life: National Geography Standards 1994. Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is both an executive summary of "Geography for Life: National Geography Standards 1994" and an introduction to geography as an essential part of every child's education, and as an integral part of the lives of all U.S. citizens. The publication is illustrated on every page with photographs, paintings, graphs, and maps. It defines the…

de Souza, Anthony R.; Downs, Roger M.

153

Vitamin D status as an international issue: national surveys and the problem of standardization.  

PubMed

Wide spread variation in measurement results of total 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) confounds international efforts to develop evidence-based clinical guidelines. Accordingly, NIH Office of Dietary Supplements (ODS) in collaboration with CDC National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH), National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and Ghent University established the Vitamin D Standardization Program (VDSP) in November 2010. VDSP objectives include: (1) standardize 25(OH)D concentration measurements in national health surveys around the world, (2) evaluate survey differences, (3) extend standardization efforts to assay manufacturers, and to clinical, commercial, and research laboratories, (4) promote standardization of emerging metabolites of vitamin D status, and (5) enable the use of standardized data in patient care and public health. An interlaboratory comparison study is being conducted to assess measurement variability among current assays. Participants include national health surveys from Australia, Canada, Germany, Ireland, Mexico, South Korea, UK and USA, 15 assay manufacturers, and two external quality assurance programs. CDC will implement a formal laboratory certification program. Standardization activities will use single-donor, fresh-frozen serum collected using the CLSI C37 protocol. Initial assay performance criteria, based on biological variability data, are ? 10 % imprecision and ? 5 % bias in relation to the reference values. An ancillary study on commutability of NIST SRM 972a, external quality assurance testing materials is included. To increase the comparability of existing data from different national surveys, master equations will be developed to facilitate the conversion of already existing national survey data to the NIST-Ghent University reference measurement procedures. PMID:22536760

Sempos, Christopher T; Vesper, Hubert W; Phinney, Karen W; Thienpont, Linda M; Coates, Paul M

2012-01-01

154

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Submittal - 1995  

SciTech Connect

This report contains National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). It provides lists of figures and tables related to the NTS and includes a Site Description. The Source Description includes current and previous activities conducted on the NTS. The Site has been the primary location for testing of nuclear explosives in the Continental U.S. since 1951. Historical testing has included (1) atmospheric testing in the 1950`s and early 1960s, (2) earth-cratering experiments, and (3) open-air nuclear reactor and rocket engine testing. At the North Las Vegas Facility, operated for DOE/NV by EG&G Energy Measurements, there was an Unusual Occurrence that led to an insignificant potential exposure to an offsite person. The incident involved the release of tritiated water (HTO), and a description of the incident and the method of calculating the effective dose equivalent for offsite exposure are described. The Source Description further describes Ground Seepage of Noble Gases, Radioactive Waste Management Sites, and Plutonium Contaminated Surface Areas.

Black, S.C.; Townsend, Y.E. [ed.

1996-06-01

155

Summative and Formative Evaluations, National Skill Standards Project. Prepared for the National Grocers Association.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1993-1996, the Grocers Research and Educational Foundation of the National Grocers Association developed entry-level skill standards for the food marketing industry. A coalition formed early in the project directed the skill standard development process and solicited input from major organizations involved in the industry. The validity of the…

Hamm, Michael S.

156

National Bureau of Standards coal flyash (SRM 1633a) as a multielement standard for instrumental neutron activation analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The (U. S.) National Bureau of Standards standard reference material 1633a (coal flyash) was standardized for the concentrations of 29 elements against chemical standards by instrumental neutron activation analysis. United States Geological Survey basalt standard BCR-1 was analyzed concurrently as a check. SRM 1633a is a good multielement comparator standard for geochemical analysis for 25 of the elements analyzed and

R. L. Korotev

1987-01-01

157

Standardized Testing of Phasor Measurement Units  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a set of tests used to determine Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU) measurement characteristics under steady state and dynamic conditions. The methodology is repeatable, comparable among test facilities, and can be performed at any facility with commonly available relay and standard test equipment. The methodology is based upon using test signals that are mathematically generated from a signal model and played into the PMU with precise GPS synchronization. Timing flags included with the test signal provide correlate the test signals and the PMU output. This allows accurate comparison of the phasor model with the value estimated by the PMU for accurate performance analysis. The timing flags also facilitate programmed plot and report generation.

Martin, Kenneth E.; Faris, Anthony J.; Hauer, John F.

2006-05-31

158

EP&R Standards Project Report: Technical Review of National Incident Management Standards  

SciTech Connect

The importance and necessity for a fully developed and implemented National Incident Management System (NIMS) has been demonstrated in recent years by the impact of national events such as Hurricane Katrina in 2005. Throughout the history of emergency response to major disasters, especially when multiple response organizations are involved, there have been systemic problems in the consistency and uniformity of response operations. Identifying national standards that support the development and implementation of NIMS is key to helping solve these systemic problems. The NIMS seeks to provide uniformity and consistency for incident management by using common terminology and protocols that will enable responders to coordinate their efforts to ensure an efficient response.

Stenner, Robert D.

2007-04-24

159

National Certification Standard for Ground Source Heat Pump Personnel  

SciTech Connect

The National Certification Standard for the Geothermal Heat Pump Industry adds to the understanding of the barriers to rapid growth of the geothermal heat pump (GHP) industry by bringing together for the first time an analysis of the roles and responsibilities of each of the individual job tasks involved in the design and installation of GHP systems. The standard addresses applicable qualifications for all primary personnel involved in the design, installation, commissioning, operation and maintenance of GHP systems, including their knowledge, skills and abilities. The resulting standard serves as a foundation for subsequent development of curriculum, training and certification programs, which are not included in the scope of this project, but are briefly addressed in the standard to describe ways in which the standard developed in this project may form a foundation to support further progress in accomplishing those other efforts. Follow-on efforts may use the standard developed in this project to improve the technical effectiveness and economic feasibility of curriculum development and training programs for GHP industry personnel, by providing a more complete and objective assessment of the individual job tasks necessary for successful implementation of GHP systems. When incorporated into future certification programs for GHP personnel, the standard will facilitate increased consumer confidence in GHP technology, reduce the potential for improperly installed GHP systems, and assure GHP system quality and performance, all of which benefit the public through improved energy efficiency and mitigated environmental impacts of the heating and cooling of homes and businesses.

Kelly, John [Geothermal Heat Pump Consortium] [Geothermal Heat Pump Consortium

2013-07-31

160

36 CFR 1281.16 - What standard does NARA use for measuring building size?  

...16 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION NARA FACILITIES PRESIDENTIAL LIBRARY FACILITIES § 1281.16 What standard does NARA use for measuring building size? For purposes of 44 U.S.C....

2014-07-01

161

1998 INEEL National Emission Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants - Radionuclides  

SciTech Connect

Under Section 61.94 of Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 61, Subpart H, ''National Emission Standards for Emission of Radionuclides Other Than Radon From Department of Energy Facilities,'' each Department of Energy (DOE) facility must submit an annual report documenting compliance. This report addresses the Section 61.94 reporting requirements for operations at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for calendar year (CY) 1998. The Idaho Operations Office of the DOE is the primary contract concerning compliance with the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) at the INEEL. For CY 1998, airborne radionuclide emissions from the INEEL operations were calculated to result in a maximum individual dose to a member of the public of 7.92E-03 mrem (7.92E-08 Sievert). This effective dose equivalent (EDE) is well below the 40 CFR 61, Subpart H, regulatory standard of 10 mrem per year (1.0E-04 Sievert per year).

J. W. Tkachyk

1999-06-01

162

1999 INEEL National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants - Radionuclides  

SciTech Connect

Under Section 61.94 of Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 61, Subpart H, ''National Emission Standards for Emission of Radionuclides Other Than Radon From Department of Energy Facilities,'' each Department of Energy (DOE) facility must submit an annual report documenting compliance. This report addresses the Section 61.94 reporting requirements for operations at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for calendar year (CY) 1999. The Idaho Operations Office of the DOE is the primary contract concerning compliance with the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) at the INEEL. For CY 1999, airborne radionuclide emissions from the INEEL operations were calculated to result in a maximum individual dose to a member of the public of 7.92E-03 mrem (7.92E-08 Sievert). This effective dose equivalent (EDE) is well below the 40 CFR 61, Subpart H, regulatory standard of 10 mrem per year (1.0E-04 Sievert per year).

J. W. Tkachyk

2000-06-01

163

40 CFR 50.9 - National 1-hour primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. 50.9 Section 50.9 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. (a) The level of the national 1-hour...secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone measured by a reference method...

2011-07-01

164

40 CFR 50.9 - National 1-hour primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. 50.9 Section 50.9 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. (a) The level of the national 1-hour...secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone measured by a reference method...

2010-07-01

165

40 CFR 50.10 - National 8-hour primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. 50.10 Section 50.10 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. (a) The level of the national 8-hour...secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone, measured by a reference method...

2011-07-01

166

40 CFR 50.10 - National 8-hour primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. 50.10 Section 50.10 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. (a) The level of the national 8-hour...secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone, measured by a reference method...

2010-07-01

167

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Calendar Year 2005  

SciTech Connect

The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is operated by the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO). From 1951 through 1992, the NTS was operated as the nation’s site for nuclear weapons testing. The release of man-made radionuclides from the NTS as a result of testing activities has been monitored since the first decade of atmospheric testing. After 1962, when nuclear tests were conducted only underground, the radiation exposure to the public surrounding the NTS was greatly reduced. After the 1992 moratorium on nuclear testing, radiation monitoring on the NTS focused on detecting airborne radionuclides that are resuspended into the air (e.g., by winds, dust-devils) along with historically-contaminated soils on the NTS. To protect the public from harmful levels of man-made radiation, the Clean Air Act, National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) (40 Code of Federal Regulations 61 Subpart H) limits the release of radioactivity from a U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) facility (e.g., the NTS) to 10 millirem per year (mrem/yr) effective dose equivalent (EDE) to any member of the public. This is the dose limit established for someone living off of the NTS for inhaling radioactive particles that may be carried by wind off of the NTS. This limit assumes that members of the public surrounding the NTS may also inhale “background levels” or radioactive particles unrelated to NTS activities that come from naturally-occurring elements in the environment (e.g., radon gas from the earth or natural building materials) or from other man-made sources (e.g., cigarette smoke). The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires DOE facilities (e.g., the NTS) to demonstrate compliance with the NESHAP dose limit by annually estimating the dose to a hypothetical member of the public, referred to as the maximally exposed individual (MEI), or the member of the public who resides within an 80-kilometer (50-mile) radius of the facility who would experience the highest annual dose. This dose to a hypothetical person living close to the NTS cannot exceed 10 mrem/yr. C.1 This report has been produced annually for the EPA Region IX, and for the state of Nevada since 1992 and documents that the estimated EDE to the MEI has been, and continues to be, well below the NESHAP dose limit. The report format and level of technical detail has been dictated by the EPA and DOE Headquarters over the years. It is read and evaluated for NESHAP compliance by federal and state regulators. Each section and appendix presents technical information (e.g., NTS emission source estimates, onsite air sampling data, air transport model input parameters, dose calculation methodology, etc.), which supports the annual dose assessment conclusions. In 2005, as in all previous years for which this report has been produced, the estimated dose to the public from inhalation of radiological emissions from current and past NTS activities is shown to be well below the 10 mrem/yr dose limit. This was demonstrated by air sampling data collected onsite at each of six EPA-approved “critical receptor” stations on the NTS. The sum of measured EDEs from the four stations at the NTS boundaries is 2.5 mrem/yr. This dose is 25 percent of the allowed NESHAP dose limit. Because the nearest member of the public resides approximately 20 kilometers (12 miles) from the NTS boundary, this individual receives only a small fraction of this dose. NESHAP compliance does not require DOE facilities to estimate annual inhalation dose from non-DOE activities. Therefore, this report does not estimate public radiation doses from any other sources or activities (e.g., naturally-occurring radon, global fallout).

Bechtel Nevada

2006-06-01

168

US National Large-scale City Orthoimage Standard Initiative  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The early procedures and algorithms for National digital orthophoto generation in National Digital Orthophoto Program (NDOP) were based on earlier USGS mapping operations, such as field control, aerotriangulation (derived in the early 1920's), the quarter-quadrangle-centered (3.75 minutes of longitude and latitude in geographic extent), 1:40,000 aerial photographs, and 2.5 D digital elevation models. However, large-scale city orthophotos using early procedures have disclosed many shortcomings, e.g., ghost image, occlusion, shadow. Thus, to provide the technical base (algorithms, procedure) and experience needed for city large-scale digital orthophoto creation is essential for the near future national large-scale digital orthophoto deployment and the revision of the Standards for National Large-scale City Digital Orthophoto in National Digital Orthophoto Program (NDOP). This paper will report our initial research results as follows: (1) High-precision 3D city DSM generation through LIDAR data processing, (2) Spatial objects/features extraction through surface material information and high-accuracy 3D DSM data, (3) 3D city model development, (4) Algorithm development for generation of DTM-based orthophoto, and DBM-based orthophoto, (5) True orthophoto generation by merging DBM-based orthophoto and DTM-based orthophoto, and (6) Automatic mosaic by optimizing and combining imagery from many perspectives.

Zhou, G.; Song, C.; Benjamin, S.; Schickler, W.

2003-01-01

169

Establishment of National Laboratory Standards in Public and Private Hospital Laboratories  

PubMed Central

In September 2007 national standard manual was finalized and officially announced as the minimal quality requirements for all medical laboratories in the country. Apart from auditing laboratories, Reference Health Laboratory has performed benchmarking auditing of medical laboratory network (surveys) in provinces. 12th benchmarks performed in Tehran and Alborz provinces, Iran in 2010 in three stages. We tried to compare different processes, their quality and accordance with national standard measures between public and private hospital laboratories. The assessment tool was a standardized checklist consists of 164 questions. Analyzing process show although in most cases implementing the standard requirements are more prominent in private laboratories, there is still a long way to complete fulfillment of requirements, and it takes a lot of effort. Differences between laboratories in public and private sectors especially in laboratory personnel and management process are significant. Probably lack of motivation, plays a key role in obtaining less desirable results in laboratories in public sectors. PMID:23514840

ANJARANI, Soghra; SAFADEL, Nooshafarin; DAHIM, Parisa; AMINI, Rana; MAHDAVI, Saeed; MIRAB SAMIEE, Siamak

2013-01-01

170

National Tests and Target Setting: Maintaining Consistent Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is now seen as an economic and political necessity for countries to produce higher levels of performance across the spectrum of ability of all their students. This paper describes one example of the influence of political conditions on the process of developing assessment instruments and on measuring standards. In England, the trend is toward…

Whetton, Chris; Twist, Elizabeth; Sainsbury, Marian

171

Using Mathematics Curriculum Based Measurement as an Indicator of Student Performance on State Standards  

E-print Network

.......................................... 19 Standards-based Curriculum .................................. 19 National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) .................................................................. 20 NCTM Focal Points... of Mathematics [NCTM], 2007a). Considering the need to improve student performance and meet current standards, the importance of measuring and developing mathematical literacy for all students has never been greater. In 2001, the Elementary and Secondary...

Hall, Linda D.

2010-07-14

172

77 FR 2677 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Primary Aluminum Reduction Plants...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Primary Aluminum Reduction Plants; Extension of Comment Period AGENCY: Environmental...National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Primary Aluminum Reduction Plants'' is being extended for 12 days....

2012-01-19

173

40 CFR 50.17 - National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). 50.17 Section 50.17 Protection...National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). (a) The level...

2013-07-01

174

40 CFR 50.17 - National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). 50.17 Section 50.17 Protection...National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). (a) The level...

2012-07-01

175

76 FR 70414 - National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Proposes To Revise Codes and Standards  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Proposes...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to announce...NFPA's proposal to revise some of its fire safety codes and standards and...

2011-11-14

176

American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Accredited Standards Developer --NIST/ITL Effective March 18, 2008, NIST/ITL has been administratively reaccredited by ANSI under these  

E-print Network

American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Accredited Standards Developer -- NIST/ITL Effective. Procedures for the Development of American National Standards National Institute of Standards and Technology Information Technology Laboratory (NIST/ITL) February 29, 2008 #12;American National Standards Institute (ANSI

Magee, Joseph W.

177

American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Accredited Standards Developer --NIST/ITL Effective November15, 2011, NIST/ITL has been administratively reaccredited by ANSI under  

E-print Network

American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Accredited Standards Developer -- NIST/ITL Effective. Procedures for the Development of American National Standards National Institute of Standards and Technology Information Technology Laboratory (NIST/ITL) November 15, 2011 #12;American National Standards Institute (ANSI

178

American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Accredited Standards Developer --NIST/ITL Effective March 12, 2013, NIST/ITL has been administratively reaccredited by ANSI under these  

E-print Network

American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Accredited Standards Developer -- NIST/ITL Effective. Procedures for the Development of American National Standards National Institute of Standards and Technology Information Technology Laboratory (NIST/ITL) March 12, 2013 #12;American National Standards Institute (ANSI

179

Measuring School Spirit: A National Teaching Exercise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We developed a novel variation on classroom data collection by having students conduct a national research project. Students at 20 different colleges and universities measured "school spirit" at their institutions according to several operational criteria (school apparel wearing, car stickers, alumni donation rate, ratings by a major sports…

Teaching of Psychology, 2004

2004-01-01

180

47 CFR 15.31 - Measurement standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Methods of Measurement of the Electromagnetic and Operational Compatibility...measurements to be reported. (d) Field strength measurements shall...extent possible, on an open field site. Test sites other than open field sites may be employed...

2011-10-01

181

A general check standard measurement and database software program  

SciTech Connect

One way to verify that a measurement system remains under control and is functioning as expected is to use check standards. To aid in the measurement assurance process using check standards, a software program was developed that allows the user to enter measurements for a check standard and compare, by control charts plotted on the computer monitor, the new measurements with a historical database of measurements of the same device. The program is especially suited for check standards which are measured as a function of another parameter such as frequency, voltage, temperature, etc. This paper describes the software function and discusses its capabilities and applications.

Duda, L.E.

1998-04-01

182

VISITING COMMITTEE ON ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Standards and Technology  

E-print Network

VISITING COMMITTEE ON ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Standards and Technology FY 2006 Annual Report U.S. Department of Commerce Technology Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology #12;VISITING COMMITTEE ON ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Standards and Technology

183

National Institute of Standards and Technology: Time and Frequency Division  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"The Time and Frequency Division, part of NIST's Physics Laboratory, maintains the standard for frequency and time interval for the United States, provides official time to the United States, and carries out a broad program of research and service activities in time and frequency metrology." At this website, visitors can find online exhibits about ethnic and historical calendars, the history of timekeeping, the discovery of the quartz watch, and more. Researchers can learn about the division's studies dealing with ion storage and optical frequencies. Students and educators will find a tutorial about oscillator signals and measurement methods. Through this large website, visitors will understand the intricacies that go into measuring the exact time.

184

78 FR 24729 - National Fire Codes: Request for Comments on NFPA's Codes and Standards  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Codes: Request for Comments on NFPA's...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to announce...INFORMATION: Since 1896, the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) has...

2013-04-26

185

77 FR 67340 - National Fire Codes: Request for Comments on NFPA's Codes and Standards  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Codes: Request for Comments on NFPA's...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to announce...INFORMATION: Since 1896, the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) has...

2012-11-09

186

75 FR 66735 - National Fire Protection Association (NFPA): Request for Comments on NFPA's Codes and Standards  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Protection Association (NFPA): Request...SUMMARY: Since 1896, the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) has accomplished...safety related issues. NFPA's National Fire Codes [supreg], which holds over...

2010-10-29

187

75 FR 66725 - National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Proposes To Revise Codes and Standards  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Proposes...SUMMARY: The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) proposes...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)...

2010-10-29

188

76 FR 70413 - National Fire Protection Association (NFPA): Request for Comments on NFPA's Codes and Standards  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Protection Association (NFPA): Request...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to announce...INFORMATION: Since 1896, the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) has...

2011-11-14

189

A Comparison of Assertive Community Treatment Fidelity Measures and Patient-Centered Medical Home Standards  

PubMed Central

Objective This study compared program measures of assertive community treatment (ACT) with standards of accreditation for the patient-centered medical home (PCMH) to determine whether there were similarities in the infrastructure of the two methods of service delivery and whether high-fidelity ACT teams would qualify for medical home accreditation. Methods The authors compared National Committee for Quality Assurance PCMH standards with two ACT fidelity measures (the Dartmouth Assertive Community Treatment Scale and the Tool for Measurement of Assertive Community Treatment [TMACT]) and with national ACT program standards. Results PCMH standards pertaining to enhanced access and continuity, management of care, and self-care support demonstrated strong overlap across ACT measures. Standards for identification and management of populations, care coordination and follow-up, and quality improvement demonstrated less overlap. The TMACT and the program standards had sufficient overlap to score in the range of a level 1 PCMH, but no ACT measure sufficiently detailed methods of population-based screening and tracking of referrals to satisfy “must-pass” elements of the standards. Conclusions ACT measures and medical home standards had significant overlap in innate infrastructure. ACT teams following the program standards or undergoing TMACT fidelity review could have the necessary infrastructure to serve as medical homes if they were properly equipped to supervise general medical care and administer activities to improve management of chronic diseases. PMID:23820753

Vanderlip, Erik R.; Cerimele, Joseph M.; Monroe-DeVita, Maria

2014-01-01

190

Diversity and Social Justice Dynamics: An analysis of the National Standards for Human Services Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis of the National Standards for Human Services Education in regards to diversity and social justice dynamics. The Council for Standards in Human Service Education is the accrediting body for the human services discipline and guardians of the National Standards for Human Services Education (www.cshse.org). The Standards, examined without attention to the Specifications articulating the evidence required to meet

Susan Kincaid

191

National Academy of Sciences "standardization": on what terms?  

PubMed

The frequently cited 2009 National Academy of Sciences Report entitled "Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward" has become a focal point of forensic science practitioners' discussions and research since its publication. One of its recommendations is "Standardized Terminology and Reporting". Little has been published to date on this topic, although conversations and dialogs on the subject are ongoing. The upshot of this communication is to draw attention to the problem of one term in particular, perimortem, which may be only the proverbial "tip of the iceberg" in the lexicon-related concerns of forensic scientists. Even if it is an isolated issue, it is one that reflects the need for a consensus on term use and definitions by interdisciplinary practitioners who are currently using the term haphazardly, to the confusion of colleagues and potentially finders-of-fact in the courts. PMID:24854677

Bunch, Ann W

2014-07-01

192

Evaluating a Proposed 20% National Renewable Portfolio Standard  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides a preliminary analysis of the impacts of a proposed 20% national renewable portfolio standard (RPS) by 2021, which has been advanced in the U.S. Congress by Senator Jeff Bingaman of New Mexico. The paper was prepared before the America Recovery and Reinvestment Act was signed into law by President Barack Obama on February 17, 2009, and thus does not consider important changes in renewable energy (RE) policy that need to be addressed in follow-on analysis. We use NREL's Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) model to evaluate the impacts of the RPS requirements on the energy sector and consider design issues associated with renewable energy certificate (REC) trading markets.

Logan, J.; Sullivan, P.; Short, W.; Bird, L.; James, T. L.; Shah, M. R.

2009-02-01

193

Experimental uncertainty and drag measurements in the national transonic facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report documents the results of a study which was conducted in order to establish a framework for the quantitative description of the uncertainty in measurements conducted in the National Transonic Facility (NTF). The importance of uncertainty analysis in both experiment planning and reporting results has grown significantly in the past few years. Various methodologies have been proposed and the engineering community appears to be 'converging' on certain accepted practices. The practical application of these methods to the complex wind tunnel testing environment at the NASA Langley Research Center was based upon terminology and methods established in the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) standards. The report overviews this methodology.

Batill, Stephen M.

1994-01-01

194

47 CFR 15.31 - Measurement standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...and also shall include the following oscillator frequencies: 520, 550, 600, 650...measurements shall be made with the receiver oscillator at a nearby frequency. If the receiver...MHz, the measurements employing the oscillator frequencies 900 and 931 MHz may be...

2012-10-01

195

47 CFR 15.31 - Measurement standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and also shall include the following oscillator frequencies: 520, 550, 600, 650...measurements shall be made with the receiver oscillator at a nearby frequency. If the receiver...MHz, the measurements employing the oscillator frequencies 900 and 931 MHz may be...

2013-10-01

196

Reports of the 60th National Conference on Weights and Measures  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a report of the proceedings (edited) of the Sixtieth National Conference on Weights and Measures, sponsored by the National Bureau of Standards, held in San Diego, California, July 13-18, 1975 and attended by state, county, and city weights and measures officials, the Federal Government, business, industry, and consumer organizations. Topics discussed include: Calibration; communication; consumer issues; grain moisture

S. J. Edgerly

1976-01-01

197

New National Science Standards and Astronomy: An Update on the National Scene  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the summer of 2009, the National Academy of Science (NAS) began the process of collecting input on the development of the next-generation of national science education standards and frameworks for K-12 schools. We were asked to provide input related to the science disciplines' perspectives on core ideas around which the standards would be designed. This paper is an abbreviated summary of our work commissioned by the NAS, providing an interpretation of "core ideas" as those few notions that have broad explanatory and predictive power, proposes a possible set of criteria for their identification, and suggests some implications to a standards development process. The broad notion of a core idea in science is proposed as one of a brief, yet cohesive, set of statements that taken together have deep explanatory and predictive power describing observed phenomena in the natural world. The characteristic of a core idea is that it helps learners make sense of considerable information and confusing claims. We propose that there are only a few core ideas relevant to a scientifically literate citizenship, and they are highly intertwined with one another. Additionally, we propose that our collected observations of K-12 teachers and classrooms have implications for the EPO and Astronomy Education Research communities. EPO products need to be explicitly tied to and constrained by these core ideas, and they need to explicitly link content and cross-cutting ideas. Future astronomy education research should most likely turn its attention to small-medium scale studies that focus on cognitive mechanisms.

Slater, S. J.; Slater, T. F.

2011-09-01

198

Standard Of Measurement For Student Evaluation Instruments  

Microsoft Academic Search

For colleges and universities, the expectation for excellence in teaching and learning has made development of a system for measuring teaching effectiveness critical. Teaching effectiveness is generally assessed with a comprehensive review of skills including instructional design, instructional delivery and course management. This requires student feedback usually in the form of Student Evaluation Instruments (SEIs). Since SEIs are an important

Kathleen Simione; Angela Mattie

2008-01-01

199

ISO quality standards for measuring architectures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main concern of this paper is measuring the quality of the architectural design. The goal of this work is to use the architectural design process proposed in the unified process framework, adapting and detailing it to include the quality requirements specification at architectural level. There is general agreement on the fact that in modern applications the selection of the

Francisca Losavio; Ledis Chirinos; Alfredo Matteo; Nicole Lévy; Amar Ramdane-cherif

2004-01-01

200

Teaching about Religion in National and State Social Studies Standards. Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This executive summary is an overview of the complete study of current national and state standards documents pertaining to history and social studies, focusing on the teaching about religion. The complete study analyzes the standards and program frameworks in seven national curriculum documents and the academic standards documents and curriculum…

Douglass, Susan L.

201

Performing with Understanding: The Challenge of the National Standards for Music Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of essays presents key ideas and practical suggestions for implementing the National Standards for Music Education through performance. Following a Preface and Music Content Standards for Grades K-12, essays in the collection are (1) "The Power of the National Standards for Music Education" (Paul R. Lehman); (2) "What Is…

Reimer, Bennett, Ed.

202

Medical students call for national standards in anatomical education.  

PubMed

The diminishing number of hours dedicated to formal instruction in anatomy has led to a debate within medical education as to the level required for safe clinical practice. We provide a review of the current state of anatomical education in Australian medical schools and state the case for national standards. In light of the review presented, council members of the Australian Medical Students' Association voted to affirm that consideration should be given to developing undergraduate learning goals for anatomy, providing a codified medical student position on the teaching of anatomy in Australian medical schools. Crucially, the position states that time-intensive methods of instruction such as dissection should be a rite of passage for medical students in the absence of evidence demonstrating the superiority of modern teaching methods. We believe the bodies with a vested interest in the quality of medical graduates, namely the Australian Medical Council, Medical Deans Australia & New Zealand, and the postgraduate colleges should collaborate and develop clear guidelines that make explicit the core knowledge of anatomy expected of medical graduates at each stage of their career with a view to safe clinical practice. In addition, Australian universities have a role to play in conducting further research into contemporary learning styles and the most efficacious methods of delivering anatomical education. PMID:24661596

Farey, John E; Sandeford, Jonathan C; Evans-McKendry, Greg D

2014-11-01

203

National Construction of Global Education: A Critical Review of the National Curriculum Standards for South Korean Global High Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, the authors investigate what global visions of education are reflected in the selected national curriculum standards, with special reference to two seemingly contradictory forces: globalization and nationalism. This paper examines the socio-economic and cultural foundations of the curriculum and explains how the national curriculum…

Sung, Youl-Kwan; Park, Minjeong; Choi, Il-Seon

2013-01-01

204

Measurements and data of thermophysical properties traceable to a metrological standard  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to improve the performance of devices, components and systems, where heat is generated, transported, stored or converted to other types of energy, reliable thermal design and simulation are required using reliable thermophysical property data. In order to produce reliable thermophysical property data systematically and continually, the international and national standards of thermophysical properties must be established and the measurement methods should be evaluated and standardized, and the measuring instruments must be calibrated by reference materials traceable to the international or national standard. Users search for and purchase a particular grade of material which satisfies the properties, performances and technical specifications required. In order to guarantee fair commerce and trade, values of thermophysical properties should be measured traceable to the national standard. Thus, the establishment of an international standard is required satisfying the global CIPM MRA under the metric convention, and then, the global and regional framework to examine calibration and measurement capability of national metrology institutes (NMIs). A domestic traceability system in each country should be established and the quality management system of the NMI and calibration laboratories should be constructed based on ISO 17025.

Baba, Tetsuya

2010-04-01

205

40 CFR 50.16 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

40 Protection of Environment 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01...air quality standards for lead. 50.16 Section 50.16 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...air quality standards for lead. (a) The national...

2012-07-01

206

40 CFR 50.16 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

40 Protection of Environment 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01...air quality standards for lead. 50.16 Section 50.16 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...air quality standards for lead. (a) The national...

2010-07-01

207

40 CFR 50.16 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

40 Protection of Environment 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01...air quality standards for lead. 50.16 Section 50.16 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...air quality standards for lead. (a) The national...

2011-07-01

208

40 CFR 50.16 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

40 Protection of Environment 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01...air quality standards for lead. 50.16 Section 50.16 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...air quality standards for lead. (a) The national...

2013-07-01

209

30 CFR Appendix I to Subpart M of... - National Consensus Standards  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Machinery and Equipment Pt. 56, Subpt. M, App. I Appendix I to Subpart M of Part 56—National Consensus Standards Mine operators seeking further information...

2012-07-01

210

30 CFR Appendix I to Subpart C of... - National Consensus Standards  

...HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Fire Prevention and Control Pt. 56, Subpt. C, App. I Appendix I to Subpart C of Part 56—National Consensus Standards Mine operators seeking further information in...

2014-07-01

211

Standardization of Laser Methods and Techniques for Vibration Measurements and Calibrations  

SciTech Connect

The realization and dissemination of the SI units of motion quantities (vibration and shock) have been based on laser interferometer methods specified in international documentary standards. New and refined laser methods and techniques developed by national metrology institutes and by leading manufacturers in the past two decades have been swiftly specified as standard methods for inclusion into in the series ISO 16063 of international documentary standards. A survey of ISO Standards for the calibration of vibration and shock transducers demonstrates the extended ranges and improved accuracy (measurement uncertainty) of laser methods and techniques for vibration and shock measurements and calibrations. The first standard for the calibration of laser vibrometers by laser interferometry or by a reference accelerometer calibrated by laser interferometry (ISO 16063-41) is on the stage of a Draft International Standard (DIS) and may be issued by the end of 2010. The standard methods with refined techniques proved to achieve wider measurement ranges and smaller measurement uncertainties than that specified in the ISO Standards. The applicability of different standardized interferometer methods to vibrations at high frequencies was recently demonstrated up to 347 kHz (acceleration amplitudes up to 350 km/s{sup 2}). The relative deviations between the amplitude measurement results of the different interferometer methods that were applied simultaneously, differed by less than 1% in all cases.

Martens, Hans-Juergen von [Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (retired), Abbestrasse 2-12, 12587 Berlin (Germany)

2010-05-28

212

Confronting Colonial Standard Making Practices: Environmental Governance and Invasive Species Management at Walpole Island First Nation.  

E-print Network

??Hegemonic standard making practices in Ontario environmental governance can disregard the interests of First Nations by limiting funding and scope for community environmental management (Dalton,… (more)

Nicholson, Kristy A

2014-01-01

213

The Value of the National Performance Standards to  

E-print Network

Performance Standards Geographic Information Systems Assessment, Monitoring Smart Growth Health Impact Health Impact Assessment Cause/Effect Exposure/Disease Outcomes Population Based EH Requires EH Performance Standards Geographic Information Systems Assessment, Monitoring Smart Growth

214

EVALUATING NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY: PERFORMANCE MEASURES AND INFLUENTIAL FACTORS FOR  

E-print Network

EVALUATING NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY: PERFORMANCE MEASURES AND INFLUENTIAL FACTORS Environmental Sustainability: Performance Measures and Influential Factors for OECD-Member Countries featuring reviews five studies that evaluate national environmental sustainability with composite indices; performs

215

78 FR 66642 - Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Signage  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...signage standards for general industry and construction by updating the references...OSHA's existing general industry and construction standards, including references...OSHA's existing general industry and construction standards. The DFR...

2013-11-06

216

DRAFT AGENDA Measurement Science & Standards in Forensic Firearms  

E-print Network

DRAFT AGENDA Measurement Science & Standards in Forensic Firearms Analysis July 10-11, 2012 Enforcement Standards Office, Forensic Science Program · Scientific Working Group for Firearms and Toolmarks are in Eastern Time July 11, 2012 11:15 AM ­ 12:00 PM Manufacturing Processes and Materials · Manufacturing

217

Rotating pressure measurement system using an on board calibration standard  

Microsoft Academic Search

A computer-controlled multichannel pressure measurement system was developed to acquire detailed flow field measurements on board the Large Low Speed Centrifugal Compressor Research Facility at the NASA Lewis Research Center. A pneumatic slip ring seal assembly is used to transfer calibration pressures to a reference standard transducer on board the compressor rotor in order to measure very low differential pressures

Richard G. Senyitko; Philip Z. Blumenthal; Robert J. Freedman

1991-01-01

218

SUPPLEMENT TO: STANDARD MEASUREMENT PROTOCOLS - FLORIDA RADON RESEARCH PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

The report supplements earlier published standard protocols for key measurements where data quality is vital to the Florida Radon Research Program. The report adds measurements of small canister radon flux and soil water potential to the section on soil measurements. It adds indo...

219

A Network for Standardized Ocean Color Validation Measurements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) was developed to support atmospheric studies at various scales with measurements from worldwide distributed autonomous sunphotometers [Holben et al. 1998]. AERONET has now extended its support to marine applications through the additional capability of measuring the radiance emerging from the sea with modified sun-photometers installed on offshore platforms like lighthouses, navigation aids, oceanographic and oil towers. The functionality of this added network component called AERONET - Ocean Color (AERONET-OC), has been verified at different sites and deployment structures over a four year testing phase. Continuous or occasional deployment platforms (see Fig. 1) included: the Acqua Alta Oceanographic Tower (AAOT) of the Italian National Research Council in the northern Adriatic Sea since spring 2002; the Martha s Vineyard Coastal Observatory (MVCO) tower of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in the Atlantic off the Massachusetts coast for different periods since spring 2004; the TOTAL Abu-Al-Bukhoosh oil Platform (AABP, shown through an artistic rendition in Fig. 1) in the Persian (Arabian) Gulf in fall 2004; the Gustaf Dal n Lighthouse Tower (GDLT) of the Swedish Maritime Administration in the Baltic Sea in summer 2005; and the platform at the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Ocean Validation Experiment (COVE) site located in the Atlantic Ocean off the Virginia coast since fall 2005. Data collected during the network testing phase, confirm the capability of AERONET-OC to support the validation of marine optical remote sensing products through standardized measurements of normalized water-leaving radiance, LWN, and aerosol optical thickness, a, at multiple coastal sites.

Zibordi, Giuseppe; Holben, Brent; Hooker, Stanford; Melin, Frederic; Berthon, Jean-Francois; Slutsker, Ilya; Giles, David; Vandemark, Doug; Feng, Hui; Rutledge, Ken; Schuster, Gregory; Al Mandoos, Abdulla

2006-01-01

220

10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS...Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards...2) What is the estimate of savings by fuel type? (3)...

2010-01-01

221

10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS Guidelines for General Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures...the energy conservation standards for general operations listed in appendix A...

2012-01-01

222

10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.  

...CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS Guidelines for General Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures...the energy conservation standards for general operations listed in appendix A...

2014-01-01

223

10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS Guidelines for General Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures...the energy conservation standards for general operations listed in appendix A...

2013-01-01

224

10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS Guidelines for General Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures...the energy conservation standards for general operations listed in appendix A...

2011-01-01

225

Radio Astronomers Set New Standard for Accurate Cosmic Distance Measurement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A team of radio astronomers has used the National Science Foundation's Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) to make the most accurate measurement ever made of the distance to a faraway galaxy. Their direct measurement calls into question the precision of distance determinations made by other techniques, including those announced last week by a team using the Hubble Space Telescope. The radio astronomers measured a distance of 23.5 million light-years to a galaxy called NGC 4258 in Ursa Major. "Ours is a direct measurement, using geometry, and is independent of all other methods of determining cosmic distances," said Jim Herrnstein, of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) in Socorro, NM. The team says their measurement is accurate to within less than a million light-years, or four percent. The galaxy is also known as Messier 106 and is visible with amateur telescopes. Herrnstein, along with James Moran and Lincoln Greenhill of the Harvard- Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics; Phillip Diamond, of the Merlin radio telescope facility at Jodrell Bank and the University of Manchester in England; Makato Inoue and Naomasa Nakai of Japan's Nobeyama Radio Observatory; Mikato Miyoshi of Japan's National Astronomical Observatory; Christian Henkel of Germany's Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy; and Adam Riess of the University of California at Berkeley, announced their findings at the American Astronomical Society's meeting in Chicago. "This is an incredible achievement to measure the distance to another galaxy with this precision," said Miller Goss, NRAO's Director of VLA/VLBA Operations. "This is the first time such a great distance has been measured this accurately. It took painstaking work on the part of the observing team, and it took a radio telescope the size of the Earth -- the VLBA -- to make it possible," Goss said. "Astronomers have sought to determine the Hubble Constant, the rate of expansion of the universe, for decades. This will in turn lead to an estimate of the age of the universe. In order to do this, you need an unambiguous, absolute distance to another galaxy. We are pleased that the NSF's VLBA has for the first time determined such a distance, and thus provided the calibration standard astronomers have always sought in their quest for accurate distances beyond the Milky Way," said Morris Aizenman, Executive Officer of the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Division of Astronomical Sciences. "For astronomers, this measurement is the golden meter stick in the glass case," Aizenman added. The international team of astronomers used the VLBA to measure directly the motion of gas orbiting what is generally agreed to be a supermassive black hole at the heart of NGC 4258. The orbiting gas forms a warped disk, nearly two light-years in diameter, surrounding the black hole. The gas in the disk includes water vapor, which, in parts of the disk, acts as a natural amplifier of microwave radio emission. The regions that amplify radio emission are called masers, and work in a manner similar to the way a laser amplifies light emission. Determining the distance to NGC 4258 required measuring motions of extremely small shifts in position of these masers as they rotate around the black hole. This is equivalent to measuring an angle one ten-thousandth the width of a human hair held at arm's length. "The VLBA is the only instrument in the world that could do this," said Moran. "This work is the culmination of a 20-year effort at the Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics to measure distances to cosmic masers," said Irwin Shapiro, Director of that institution. Collection of the data for the NGC 4258 project was begun in 1994 and was part of Herrnstein's Ph.D dissertation at Harvard University. Previous observations with the VLBA allowed the scientists to measure the speed at which the gas is orbiting the black hole, some 39 million times more massive than the Sun. They did this by observing the amount of change in the wavelength of the radio wave

1999-06-01

226

1 | 2008 -Initial Physical Education Teacher Education Standards and Elements 2008 National Association for Sport and Physical Education  

E-print Network

1 | 2008 - Initial Physical Education Teacher Education Standards and Elements 2008 National Association for Sport and Physical Education Initial Physical Education Teacher Education Standards and Elements Source: (In press) NASPE (National Association for Sport and Physical Education). "2008 National

Milchberg, Howard

227

75 FR 4067 - Release of Draft Documents Related to the Review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Particulate...2010, the Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards...the Agency's Technology Transfer Network (TTN) Web site at http...of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards:...

2010-01-26

228

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Calendar Year 2001  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is operated by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Operations Office (NNSA\\/NV) as the site for nuclear weapons testing, now limited to readiness activities, experiments in support of the national Stockpile Stewardship Program, and the activities listed below. Located in Nye County, Nevada, the site's southeast corner is about 88

Y. E. Townsend

2002-01-01

229

Turmoil, Tirades and Transformation: The Wars for the National History Standards 1991-2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative research study, in the format of an historical narrative, chronicles the issues, process of consensus, and the impact of the National History Standards Project (NHSP) on local policies and curricula in history education. The "culture wars" for the "National Standards for History" of 1994-1996 and quest for a further clarification…

Henry, Phyllis Margaret

2010-01-01

230

To Dream the Impossible Dream: Four Approaches to National Standards and Tests for America's Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education policy leaders from across the political spectrum identified and evaluated four models that national standards and testing could take. These models are: (1) "The Whole Enchilada," the most direct and aggressive approach in which the federal government creates and enforces national standards and assessments, replacing the current 50…

Finn, Chester E., Jr.; Julian, Liam; Petrilli, Michael J.

2006-01-01

231

Review of "Behind the Curtain: Assessing the Case for National Standards"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

President Obama and Education Secretary Arne Duncan have called for national "common core" curriculum standards. Some have argued that national standards are essential for reform, as they provide coherence, rigor, logic and organization. Others have contended they will narrow the curriculum, seize control from local districts and states, and…

Mathis, William J.

2010-01-01

232

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology  

E-print Network

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology Gaithersburg every ten years at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). They constitute a review in advance of the meeting date. All applicants must be able to quality for a visa on their own merits under

Magee, Joseph W.

233

VISITING COMMITTEE ON ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Standards and Technology  

E-print Network

VISITING COMMITTEE ON ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Standards and Technology 2008 Annual Report Visiting Committee on Advanced Technology of the National Institute of Standards and Technology U.S. Department of Commerce February 24, 2009 #12;VISITING COMMITTEE ON ADVANCED

234

VISITING COMMITTEE ON ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Standards and Technology  

E-print Network

VISITING COMMITTEE ON ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Standards and Technology 1 2009 Annual Report Visiting Committee on Advanced Technology (VCAT) of the National Institute of Standards and Technology U.S. Department of Commerce March 3, 2010 #12;VISITING COMMITTEE

235

Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop IV Agenda National Institute of Standards and Technology  

E-print Network

Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop IV Agenda National Institute of Standards and Technology 100 Policy, Department of State 1. Yeong Ro Lee, National Standards Coordinator for Cloud Computing for Information Society and Media, European Commission 10:40 11:00 USG Cloud Computing Technology Roadmap

236

76 FR 22383 - National Fire Codes: Request for Proposals for Revision of Codes and Standards  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Codes: Request for Proposals for Revision...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to announce...NFPA's proposal to revise some of its fire safety codes and standards and...

2011-04-21

237

Optical high-power nonlinearity comparison between the National Institute of Standards and Technology and the National Metrology Institute of Japan at 1480 nm  

SciTech Connect

We compare the results of measurements of the nonlinearity of high-power optical fiber powermeters (OFPMs) by two national metrology institutes (NMIs): the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST-USA) and the National Metrology Institute of Japan/National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (NMIJ/AIST-Japan) at a wavelength of 1480 nm. The nonlinearity and range discontinuity of a commercial OFPM were measured from 1 mW to 500 mW by use of a superposition method (both laboratories) and from 1 mW to 250 mW by use of a comparison method (NMIJ only). Measurement results showed largest differences of less than 1.6 parts in 10{sup 3}, which is within the combined expanded (k=2) uncertainty for both laboratories.

Vayshenker, I.; Yang, S.; Amemiya, K.; Mukai, S.; Zama, T.

2010-01-01

238

Color gamut assessment standard: construction, characterization and interlaboratory measurement comparison  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In earlier papers, NIST proposed a standard illumination source and optical filter targets with which to assess the state-of-the-art of display measurement. The Display Measurement Assessment Transfer Standard (DMATS) was designed to present the display metrologist with a rectangular array of targets such as color filters, polarizers, and grilles, back-lighted by uniform illumination, to be measured using methods and instruments typically used in display performance measurement. A "round robin" interlaboratory measurement exercise using the "standard" artifact suite would enable a first order assessment of display measurement reproducibility, i.e., measurement variability within the electronic display community. The rectangular array design of the DMATS was anticipated to present stray light and color contamination challenges to facilitate identification of error sources deriving from measurement protocols, laboratory environment, and equipment. However, complications in dealing with heating problems threatened to delay the planned laboratory intercomparison. The Gamut Assessment Standard (GAS) was thus designed as an interim solution to enable the NIST scientists and participating measurement laboratories to begin collecting data. The GAS consists of a 150 mm diameter integrating sphere standard illumination source with a stray light elimination tube (SLET) mounted at the exit port. A dual six-position filter wheel is mounted at the SLET exit port. One wheel holds a series of neutral density filters and a second interchangeable wheel holds various color filters. This paper describes the design and construction of the GAS, its initial performance characterization by NIST, and comparison measurements made at NPL. Possible design changes suggested by the results of the preliminary intercomparison are discussed, as are plans for future interlaboratory comparisons and potential use of the GAS as a transfer standard for laboratory self-certification.

Libert, John M.; Kelley, Edward F.; Boynton, Paul A.; Brown, Steven W.; Wall, Christine F.; Campbell, Colin

2003-07-01

239

[Lysozyme Reference Standard (Control 031) of National Institute of Health Sciences].  

PubMed

The "Lysozyme Reference Standard (Control 951031)" of the National Institute of Health Sciences was prepared. The lysozyme potency of the standard material was assayed against the Lysozyme Reference Standard (Control 951) by turbidimetric method two turbidimetric methods using the dried y-cells of Micrococcus luteus as a substrate. The potency of the standard material was in satisfactory agreement with that of Lysozyme Reference Standard (Control 951) and was defined as 1 mg [potency] per mg. PMID:14740415

Kaihara, Akiko; Murakami, Miho; Morita, Yukiko; Koide, Tatsuo; Murai, Toshimi; Saito, Hiroyuki; Tanimoto, Tsuyoshi

2003-01-01

240

Standards in Action. Using National Standards for Human Resource Management and Development in Further Education. 5. Standards-based Initial Teacher Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet explores the use of national standards to structure work-based initial teacher training for teachers working within British further education colleges. Section 1 examines the following aspects of the use of Training and Development Lead Body (TDLB) and Management Charter Initiative (MCI) standards for initial teacher training: reasons…

Further Education Unit, London (England).

241

Standards in Action. Using National Standards for Human Resource Management and Development in Further Education. 4. Standards-based Management Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is designed to assist management development tutors, universities and other providers, and mentors in implementing standards-based management development within British further education colleges. Section 1 presents the case for using national standards for management development in further education. Discussed in Section 2 are the…

Further Education Unit, London (England).

242

Improving frequency standard performance by optimized measurement feedback  

E-print Network

We demonstrate a new approach to precision frequency standard characterization and stabilization, providing performance enhancements in the presence of non-Markovian noise in the local oscillator with "software-only" modifications. We develop a theoretical framework casting various measures for frequency standard variance in terms of frequency-domain transfer functions, incorporating the effects of feedback stabilization via a chain of Ramsey measurements. Using this framework we introduce a novel optimized \\emph{hybrid feedforward} measurement protocol which employs results from multiple measurements and transfer-function-based calculations of measurement covariance given the local oscillator power spectrum. This approach exploits statistical correlations in the local oscillator frequency noise to provide high-accuracy corrections in the presence of uncompensated dead time in the measurement cycle or oscillator-frequency evolution during the Ramsey measurement period itself. We present numerical simulations ...

Sastrawan, J; Akhalwaya, I; Uys, H; Biercuk, M J

2014-01-01

243

Interpretation of echocardiographic measurements: A call for standardization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Although echocardiography is used extensively in clinical medicine, guidelines for quantitative interpretation of echocardiographic measurements are unavailable. The goals of this investigation were to provide an overview of scientific standards for formulating reference values, with clinical chemistry used as a model, to evaluate published echocardiographic reference limits, to survey clinical echocardiography laboratories regarding their interpretation of echocardiographic measurements, and

Ramachandran S. Vasan; Daniel Levy; Martin G. Larson; Emelia J. Benjamin

2000-01-01

244

Calibration standards and uncertainties in radar cross section measurements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Standards for radar cross section measurements are being developed cooperatively by NIST and DoD scientists. Three technical areas were defined as the foundation of such an effort: (1) monostatic single-channel calibration, (2) full polarimetric calibration using a scattering matrix formalism, and (3) analysis of radar cross section calibration and measurement uncertainty. The authors reviews the results of assessment of calibration

Lorant A. Muth

1999-01-01

245

78 FR 65932 - Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Signage  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...rule revising its signage standards for general industry and construction. DATES: Effective November 4, 2013, OSHA...updating its signage standards for general industry and construction. In the DFR, OSHA stated that it would...

2013-11-04

246

78 FR 35559 - Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Signage  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...rule to update its general industry and construction signage standards by adding...provisions of OSHA's general industry and construction standards: 29 CFR 1910...Background, that many general industry and construction employers currently...

2013-06-13

247

78 FR 35585 - Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Signage  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...proposes to update its general industry and construction signage standards by adding...provisions of OSHA's general industry and construction standards: 29 CFR 1910...Background, that many general industry and construction employers currently...

2013-06-13

248

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants—Calendar Year 2010 INL Report for Radionuclides (2011)  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the calendar Year 2010 radionuclide air emissions and resulting effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public from operations at the Department of Energy's Idaho National Laboratory Site. This report was prepared in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, 'Protection of the Environment,' Part 61, 'National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants,' Subpart H, 'National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other than Radon from Department of Energy Facilities.'

Mark Verdoorn; Tom Haney

2011-06-01

249

40 CFR 52.926 - Attainment dates for national standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...chapter to identify the specific nonattainment area. Note: ...plan did not provide a specific date or the dates provided...edition). a. Air quality levels presently below primary standards or area is unclassifiable....

2010-07-01

250

75 FR 2938 - National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for the secondary standard, the statistic for a monitoring site which would...ambient data based on 8-hour average statistics would also indicate whether the resulting...monitoring seasons (based on 8-hour statistics), then further revisions to the...

2010-01-19

251

78 FR 24725 - National Fire Codes: Request for Public Input for Revision of Codes and Standards  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Codes: Request for Public Input for Revision...This notice contains the list of National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) documents...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to...

2013-04-26

252

77 FR 34020 - National Fire Codes: Request for Public Input for Revision of Codes and Standards  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Codes: Request for Public Input for Revision...This notice contains the list of National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) documents...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to...

2012-06-08

253

77 FR 67628 - National Fire Codes: Request for Public Input for Revision of Codes and Standards  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Codes: Request for Public Input for Revision...This notice contains the list of National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) documents...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to...

2012-11-13

254

National Cost-effectiveness of ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010 Compared to ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) completed this project for the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP). DOE’s BECP supports upgrading building energy codes and standards, and the states’ adoption, implementation, and enforcement of upgraded codes and standards. Building energy codes and standards set minimum requirements for energy-efficient design and construction for new and renovated buildings, and impact energy use and greenhouse gas emissions for the life of buildings. Continuous improvement of building energy efficiency is achieved by periodically upgrading energy codes and standards. Ensuring that changes in the code that may alter costs (for building components, initial purchase and installation, replacement, maintenance and energy) are cost-effective encourages their acceptance and implementation. ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1 is the energy standard for commercial and multi-family residential buildings over three floors.

Thornton, Brian; Halverson, Mark A.; Myer, Michael; Loper, Susan A.; Richman, Eric E.; Elliott, Douglas B.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Rosenberg, Michael I.

2013-11-30

255

40 CFR 50.15 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. 50.15 Section 50.15 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. (a) The level of the national 8-hour...secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone (O3 ) is 0.075 parts per...

2010-07-01

256

40 CFR 50.15 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. 50.15 Section 50.15 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. (a) The level of the national 8-hour...secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone (O3 ) is 0.075 parts per...

2011-07-01

257

SODA FOUNTAIN-LUNCHEONETTE EQUIPMENT AND APPURTENANCES. NATIONAL SANITATION FOUNDATION STANDARD NO. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS STANDARD OF SODA FOUNTAIN-LUNCHEONETTE EQUIPMENT IS THE FIRST IN A SERIES OF NATIONAL SANITATION FOUNDATION STANDARDS. THESE STANDARDS ARE ISSUED IN RECOGNITION OF THE LONG FELT NEED FOR A COMMON UNDERSTANDING OF THE PROBLEMS OF SANITATION INVOLVING INDUSTRIAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE HEALTH OFFICIALS WHOSE OBLIGATION IT IS TO ENFORCE REGULATIONS.…

National Sanitation Foundation, Ann Arbor, MI.

258

Political Realities: To Get National Standards, Leaders Will Need to Be Bold  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Politicians, less interested in purity than in popularity, are generally wary of national standards. Yet a standards-based accountability system is the core component of NCLB, and in some ways it has made standards advocates victims of their own success. Now, many activists are agitating to cut back the role of Washington in education, and a…

Gordon, Robert

2006-01-01

259

Standardization of ABO Antibody Titer Measurement at Laboratories in Korea  

PubMed Central

Background Measurement of the ABO antibody (Ab) titer is important in ABO-incompatible transplantation. However, to the best of our knowledge, no standard protocol or external survey program to measure the ABO Ab titer has been established in Korea. We investigated the current status of ABO Ab titer measurements at various laboratories in Korea and the impact of the protocol provided to reduce interlaboratory variations in the methods and results of ABO Ab titers. Methods The Korean external quality assessment of blood bank laboratories sent external survey samples with a questionnaire to 68 laboratories across Korea for the measurement of ABO Ab titers in May 2012. After 6 months, a second set of survey samples were sent with a standard protocol to 53 of the previously surveyed laboratories. The protocol recommended incubation at room temperature only and use of the indirect antihuman globulin method for the tube test as well as and the column agglutination test (CAT). Results Several interlaboratory variations were observed in the results, technical procedures, and methods selected for measurement. We found that 80.4% laboratories hoped to change their protocol to the provisional one. Additionally, CAT showed significantly lower variation among laboratories (P=0.006) than the tube test. Conclusions Our study provides baseline data regarding the current status of ABO Ab titer measurement in Korea. The standard protocol and external survey were helpful to standardize the technical procedures and select methods for ABO Ab titer measurement. PMID:25368821

Kang, Seon Joo

2014-01-01

260

The Measurement of pH - Definition Standards and Procedures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The definition of a “primary method,of measurement” (1) has permitted a full consideration of the definition of primary standards for pH, determined by a primary method (cell without transference, Harned cell), of the definition of secondary standards by secondary methods, and of the question whether pH, as a conventional quantity, can be incorporated within the internationally-accepted SI system of

R. p. Buck; S. Rondinini; A. k. Covington; F. g. k. Baucke; C. m. a. Brett; M. f. Camoes; M. j. t. Milton; T. Mussini; R. Naumann; K. w. Pratt; P. Spitzer

261

Measuring robot repeatability an application of ISO and ANSI standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents the results of a study in which warm-up and repeatability characteristics of an industrial robot were measured. To facilitate the study, two commonly available draft standards aimed at evaluating the performance of robots were employed as case studies; in particular, ISO 9283 and ANSI\\/RIA R15.05. As a result, a comparison of the standards is made and areas

Jack Jeswiet; Ray Helferty

1995-01-01

262

Expanded polystyrene board as a standard reference material for thermal resistance measurement systems  

SciTech Connect

Thermal conductivity measurements at room temperature are presented as the basis for certified values of Standard Reference Material 1453, Expanded Polystyrene Board. The measurements have been conducted in accordance with a randomized full factorial experimental design of two variables, bulk density and temperature, using the National Institute of Standards and Technology one-meter line-heat-source guarded hot plate. Uncertainties of the measurements, consistent with current international guidelines, have been prepared. The thermal conductivity measurements were conducted over a range of bulk density of 37.4 to 45.8 kg/m{sup 3} and mean temperature of 281 to 313 K. Statistical analyses of the physical properties of Standard Reference Material 1453 are presented and include variations between boards, as well as within board.

Zarr, R.R. [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States)

1997-11-01

263

Measurement uncertainties for vacuum standards at Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science  

SciTech Connect

The Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science has three major vacuum systems: an ultrasonic interferometer manometer (UIM) (Sec. II, Figs. 1 and 2) for low vacuum, a static expansion system (SES) (Sec. III, Figs. 3 and 4) for medium vacuum, and an orifice-type dynamic expansion system (DES) (Sec. IV, Figs. 5 and 6) for high and ultrahigh vacuum. For each system explicit measurement model equations with multiple variables are, respectively, given. According to ISO standards, all these system variable errors were used to calculate the expanded uncertainty (U). For each system the expanded uncertainties (k=1, confidence level=95%) and relative expanded uncertainty (expanded uncertainty/generated pressure) are summarized in Table IV and are estimated to be as follows. For UIM, at 2.5-300 Pa generated pressure, the expanded uncertainty is <4.17x10{sup -2} Pa and the relative expanded uncertainty is <1.18x10{sup -2}; at 1-100 kPa generated pressure, the expanded uncertainty is <7.87 Pa and the relative expanded uncertainty is <7.84x10{sup -5}. For SES, at 3-100 Pa generated pressure, the expanded uncertainty is <1.77x10{sup -1} Pa and the relative expanded uncertainty is <1.81x10{sup -3}. For DES, at 4.6x10{sup -3}-1.3x10{sup -2} Pa generated pressure, the expanded uncertainty is <1.04x10{sup -4} Pa and the relative expanded uncertainty is <8.37x10{sup -3}; at 3.0x10{sup -6}-9.0x10{sup -4} Pa generated pressure, the expanded uncertainty is <8.21x10{sup -6} Pa and the relative expanded uncertainty is <1.37x10{sup -2}. Within uncertainty limits our bilateral and key comparisons [CCM.P-K4 (10 Pa-1 kPa)] are extensive and in good agreement with those of other nations (Fig. 8 and Table V)

Hong, S. S.; Shin, Y. H.; Chung, K. H. [Vacuum Center, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon 305-600 (Korea, Republic of)

2006-09-15

264

ISO standardization to ensure traceability of vibration and shock acceleration measurements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Traceability to the International System of Units (SI) is increasingly demanded for vibration and shock measurements as specified in international standards, recommendations, and regulations to ensure product quality, health, and safety. Hierarchies of measurement standards have been established and are operated at the National Metrology Institutes (NMIs) as well as accredited and nonaccredited calibration laboratories. To meet the increasing demands, a revision of the ISO 5347 series, renumbered to ISO 16063, started in 1995 (ISO TC 108). Improved and new standard methods for vibration and shock calibration have been specified at the different traceability levels. For primary vibration calibration by laser interferometry at the NMI level, ISO 16063-11:1999 has extended the frequency range (0,4 Hz-10 kHz) and included absolute-phase shift measurement. ISO 16063-13:2001 provides interferometric primary shock calibration (100 m/s2-100000 m/s2). For vibration and shock calibration at lower levels, parts 21 and 22 of ISO 16063 provide upgraded comparison methods. ISO standards for the calibration of angular transducers by laser interferometry (part 15) and by comparison (part 23) are under development. Using the methods specified, national standards and calibration equipment have been developed for calibration laboratories, offering many new and improved calibration and measurement capabilities and thus international traceability.

von Martens, Hans-Jurgen

2002-11-01

265

Surviving History: Gary Nash and the National Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author recalls the first time she met Gary Nash. He came to speak at a Bradley Commission meeting and she was rather surprised to see him appear and to find out that he, along with Charlotte Crabtree, was involved in a National Center for History. She gives three reasons for her surprise which she thinks may tell aspects of…

Bingham, Marjorie

2009-01-01

266

National Institute of Standards & Technology Certificate of Analysis  

E-print Network

® SRM 2687 Portland Cement Clinker This Standard Reference Material (SRM) is intended for use in evaluating methods of phase abundance analysis of major phases in cement clinkers: the percentages of alite of three hermetically-sealed containers of approximately 10 g each of crushed portland cement clinker

Bentz, Dale P.

267

National Institute of Standards & Technology Certificate of Analysis  

E-print Network

® SRM 2688 Portland Cement Clinker This Standard Reference Material (SRM) is intended for use in evaluating methods of phase abundance analysis of major phases in cement clinkers: the percentages of alite of three hermetically-sealed containers of approximately 10 g each of crushed portland cement clinker

Bentz, Dale P.

268

National Institute of Standards & Technology Certificate of Analysis  

E-print Network

® SRM 2686 Portland Cement Clinker This Standard Reference Material (SRM) is intended for use in evaluating methods of phase abundance analysis of major phases in cement clinkers: the percentages of alite of three hermetically-sealed containers of approximately 10 g each of crushed portland cement clinker

Bentz, Dale P.

269

National Apprenticeship and Training Standards for Dental Technicians. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guidebook presents a systematic and uniform method for training dental technicians throughout the industry, incorporating basic standards recommended by the Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training. The first section defines terminology and establishes rules and regulations regarding apprentices and apprenticeship programs in 16 areas, including…

National Association of Dental Labs., Inc., Washington, DC.

270

40 CFR 403.5 - National pretreatment standards: Prohibited discharges.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS GENERAL PRE-TREAT-MENT REGULATIONS FOR EXIST-ING...cause Interference with the POTW. (5) Heat in amounts which will inhibit biological...resulting in Interference, but in no case heat in such quantities that the...

2011-07-01

271

40 CFR 403.5 - National pretreatment standards: Prohibited discharges.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS GENERAL PRE-TREAT-MENT REGULATIONS FOR EXIST-ING...cause Interference with the POTW. (5) Heat in amounts which will inhibit biological...resulting in Interference, but in no case heat in such quantities that the...

2010-07-01

272

FCS National Standards: Do They Underpin Secondary Curriculum?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on the seven standards that are included in a comprehensive (family-oriented) FCS program: (1) Family; (2) Nutrition and Wellness; (3) Human Development; (4) Interpersonal relationships; (5) Career, Community, and Family Connections; (6) Parenting; and (7) Family and Community Services. The study was conducted to better…

Smith, Bettye P.; Hall, Helen C.; Jones, Karen H.

2005-01-01

273

Report of the 75th National Conference on Weights and Measurements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The report of the National Conference on Weights and Measures (NCWM) is presented. The theme of the meeting was 'Progress Through Consensus Among Consumers, Regulators, and Industry.' The following subject areas were covered: progress made by NCWM in the past year; a history of the founding of the National Bureau of Standards and th NCWM; standards for equipment and sales practices in the area of cash/credit pricing of retail motor fuel and compressed gas cylinders; training program development; and standards for moisture loss.

Tholen, Albert D.; Brickenkamp, Carroll S.; Turner, Ann H.

1990-09-01

274

Development and status of data quality assurance program at NASA Langley research center: Toward national standards  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As part of a continuing effort to re-engineer the wind tunnel testing process, a comprehensive data quality assurance program is being established at NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC). The ultimate goal of the program is routing provision of tunnel-to-tunnel reproducibility with total uncertainty levels acceptable for test and evaluation of civilian transports. The operational elements for reaching such levels of reproducibility are: (1) statistical control, which provides long term measurement uncertainty predictability and a base for continuous improvement, (2) measurement uncertainty prediction, which provides test designs that can meet data quality expectations with the system's predictable variation, and (3) national standards, which provide a means for resolving tunnel-to-tunnel differences. The paper presents the LaRC design for the program and discusses the process of implementation.

Hemsch, Michael J.

1996-01-01

275

Symposium on Metrology and Standards for Cell Signaling: Impact on Tissue Engineering, National Institute for Standards and Technology, October 14-15, 2003.  

PubMed

The Symposium on Metrology and Standards for Cell Signaling: Impact on Tissue Engineering, was cosponsored by the National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST) and ASTM International, and was held at the NIST on October 14 and 15, 2003. The purpose of the symposium was to discuss the role of standards and quantitative measurements of cellular responses for the field of tissue engineering. Accurate and quantitative measurements, reference materials, and standards are needed to facilitate the understanding and control of cell responses to materials, culture media, and the in vivo environment. Speakers included government researchers from the NIST, the Food and Drug Administration, and the National Cancer Institute; vice presidents, chief executive officers, and directors of research from companies; and academic researchers in engineering, medicine, and cell biology. The metrology needs identified include quantitative assays of cell signaling pathways, bioinformatics that will allow consolidation of these complex data and permit correlative parameters to be identified, well-characterized standardized cell lines against which responses in other cells can be compared, and reference materials for use in control experiments. PMID:16144434

Plant, Anne L; Horowitz, Emanuel

2005-01-01

276

50 CFR 600.310 - National Standard 1-Optimum Yield.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...complex, measured in terms of spawning biomass or other appropriate measure of the stock's...clarifies that “overfished” relates to biomass of a stock or stock complex, and “overfishing...value), or as a function of spawning biomass or other measure of reproductive...

2011-10-01

277

50 CFR 600.310 - National Standard 1-Optimum Yield.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...complex, measured in terms of spawning biomass or other appropriate measure of the stock's...clarifies that “overfished” relates to biomass of a stock or stock complex, and “overfishing...value), or as a function of spawning biomass or other measure of reproductive...

2012-10-01

278

50 CFR 600.310 - National Standard 1-Optimum Yield.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...complex, measured in terms of spawning biomass or other appropriate measure of the stock's...clarifies that “overfished” relates to biomass of a stock or stock complex, and “overfishing...value), or as a function of spawning biomass or other measure of reproductive...

2010-10-01

279

50 CFR 600.310 - National Standard 1-Optimum Yield.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...complex, measured in terms of spawning biomass or other appropriate measure of the stock's...clarifies that “overfished” relates to biomass of a stock or stock complex, and “overfishing...value), or as a function of spawning biomass or other measure of reproductive...

2013-10-01

280

Experience with local lymph node assay performance standards using standard radioactivity and nonradioactive cell count measurements.  

PubMed

The local lymph node assay (LLNA) is the preferred test for identification of skin-sensitizing substances by measuring radioactive thymidine incorporation into the lymph node. To facilitate acceptance of nonradioactive variants, validation authorities have published harmonized minimum performance standards (PS) that the alternative endpoint assay must meet. In the present work, these standards were applied to a variant of the LLNA based on lymph node cell counts (LNCC) run in parallel as a control with the standard LLNA with radioactivity measurements, with threshold concentrations (EC3) being determined for the sensitizers. Of the 22 PS chemicals tested in this study, 21 yielded the same results from standard radioactivity and cell count measurements; only 2-mercaptobenzothiazole was positive by LLNA but negative by LNCC. Of the 16 PS positives, 15 were positive by LLNA and 14 by LNCC; methylmethacrylate was not identified as sensitizer by either of the measurements. Two of the six PS negatives tested negative in our study by both LLNA and LNCC. Of the four PS negatives which were positive in our study, chlorobenzene and methyl salicylate were tested at higher concentrations than the published PS, whereas the corresponding concentrations resulted in consistent negative results. Methylmethacrylate and nickel chloride tested positive within the concentration range used for the published PS. The results indicate cell counts and radioactive measurements are in good accordance within the same LLNA using the 22 PS test substances. Comparisons with the published PS results may, however, require balanced analysis rather than a simple checklist approach. PMID:21618258

Basketter, David; Kolle, Susanne N; Schrage, Arnhild; Honarvar, Naveed; Gamer, Armin O; van Ravenzwaay, Bennard; Landsiedel, Robert

2012-08-01

281

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants—Calendar Year 2012 INL Report for Radionuclides (2013)  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the calendar year 2011 radionuclide air emissions and resulting effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public from operations at the Department of Energy’s Idaho National Laboratory Site. This report was prepared in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, “Protection of the Environment,” Part 61, “National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants,” Subpart H, “National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other than Radon from Department of Energy Facilities.” The effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public was 4.58E-02 mrem per year, 0.46 percent of the 10 mrem standard.

Mark Verdoorn; Tom Haney

2013-06-01

282

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants—Calendar Year 2011 INL Report for Radionuclides (2012)  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the calendar year 2011 radionuclide air emissions and resulting effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public from operations at the Department of Energy's Idaho National Laboratory Site. This report was prepared in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, 'Protection of the Environment,' Part 61, 'National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants,' Subpart H, 'National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other than Radon from Department of Energy Facilities.' The effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public was 4.58E-02 mrem per year, 0.46 percent of the 10 mrem standard.

Mark Verdoorn; Tom Haney

2012-06-01

283

National standards for ACV's and the IMO code - 'Putting flesh on the skeleton'  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 'Code of Safety for Dynamically Supported Craft' is the international safety standard developed for air-cushion vehicles (ACVs), surface-effect ships, hydrofoils, etc. The relationship between this code and national domestic standards is presently discussed in light of Canadian Coast Guard experience to date. Several of the mode definitive requirements of the international code are noted to be in need of modification; attention is also drawn to cases in which a nationally-certified ACV will conform to the international code, but not to the standards of another nation which nevertheless conform with the international code.

Wade, R. G.

284

Standards in Action. Using National Standards for Human Resource Management and Development in Further Education. 1. Laying the Foundations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is designed to assist British further education college managers responsible for quality assurance, human resources management (HRM), human resources development (HRD), corporate development, strategic planning, staffing/personnel, and curriculum in using national standards for HRM and HRD in further education. A synopsis, users'…

Further Education Unit, London (England).

285

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Calendar Year 2006  

SciTech Connect

The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is operated by the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO). From 1951 through 1992, the NTS was operated as the nation's site for nuclear weapons testing. The release of man-made radionuclides from the NTS as a result of testing activities has been monitored since the first decade of atmospheric testing. After 1962, when nuclear tests were conducted only underground, the radiation exposure to the public surrounding the NTS was greatly reduced. After the 1992 moratorium on nuclear testing, radiation monitoring on the NTS focused on detecting airborne radionuclides which come from historically-contaminated soils resuspended into the air (e.g., by winds) and tritium-contaminated soil moisture emitted to the air from soils through evapotranspiration.

NSTec Environmental Technical Services

2007-06-01

286

Current status and proposed improvements to the ANSI/ANS-5.1 American National Standard for decay heat power in light water reactors  

SciTech Connect

The American National Standard for Decay Heat Power in Light Water Resources (ANSI/ANS-5.1) was issued in 1979 and has been used extensively for the past decade. Since the standard was issued, there have been new decay-heat measurements, and new and improved calculational capabilities have been developed. In this article the standard is compared with these new data and with calculations based on improved methods. Three foreign standards or proposed standards have also been developed, and their contents are compared with the present American standard. Proposals for improving the standard are presented and discussed. 27 refs., 9 figs., 3 tabs.

Dickens, J.K.; England, T.R.; Schenter, R.E.

1991-04-01

287

Quantum metrology. Optically measuring force near the standard quantum limit.  

PubMed

The Heisenberg uncertainty principle sets a lower bound on the noise in a force measurement based on continuously detecting a mechanical oscillator's position. This bound, the standard quantum limit, can be reached when the oscillator subjected to the force is unperturbed by its environment and when measurement imprecision from photon shot noise is balanced against disturbance from measurement back-action. We applied an external force to the center-of-mass motion of an ultracold atom cloud in a high-finesse optical cavity and measured the resulting motion optically. When the driving force is resonant with the cloud's oscillation frequency, we achieve a sensitivity that is a factor of 4 above the standard quantum limit and consistent with theoretical predictions given the atoms' residual thermal disturbance and the photodetection quantum efficiency. PMID:24970079

Schreppler, Sydney; Spethmann, Nicolas; Brahms, Nathan; Botter, Thierry; Barrios, Maryrose; Stamper-Kurn, Dan M

2014-06-27

288

Optically Measuring Force near the Standard Quantum Limit  

E-print Network

The Heisenberg uncertainty principle sets a lower bound on the sensitivity of continuous optical measurements of force. This bound, the standard quantum limit, can only be reached when a mechanical oscillator subjected to the force is unperturbed by its environment, and when measurement imprecision from photon shot-noise is balanced against disturbance from measurement backaction. We apply an external force to the center-of-mass motion of an ultracold atom cloud in a high-finesse optical cavity. The optomechanically transduced response clearly demonstrates the trade-off between measurement imprecision and back-action noise. We achieve a sensitivity that is consistent with theoretical predictions for the quantum limit given the atoms' slight residual thermal disturbance and the photodetection quantum efficiency, and is a factor of 4 above the absolute standard quantum limit.

Sydney Schreppler; Nicolas Spethmann; Nathan Brahms; Thierry Botter; Maryrose Barrios; Dan M. Stamper-Kurn

2013-12-17

289

Parachute drawing standards currently in use at Sandia National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

A need exists in the parachute industry for a standard method of defining and guiding the formation of textile drawings. Textile drawings have their own unique problems associated with their development. Unlike mechanical parts, textiles have no mass in cross section. Therefore, a cross-sectioned view has no hash marks. Hidden views are not usually incorporated in textile drawings as they are easily confused with stitch formations. Side views of textile parts are depicted using only one line to show thickness. This report will address these and other unique drawing problems associated with the development of parachute drawings and will offer, as a base, standards to be used when developing these drawings. 21 figs.

Ronquillo, K.L.

1988-01-01

290

AZ State Profile. Arizona: Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides information about the Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS). The purpose of the test is to determine prospective high school graduates' mastery of the state curriculum and to meet a state mandate. [For the main report, "State High School Tests: Exit Exams and Other Assessments", see ED514155.

Center on Education Policy, 2010

2010-01-01

291

Standards for stable isotope measurements in natural compounds  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESEARCH based on stable isotope variations in natural compounds is expanding in scientific fields such as geochemistry, hydrology, environmental studies and biochemistry. However, intercomparison of results obtained in different laboratories is often not fully reliable and therefore to improve the intercalibration of deuterium and 18O measurements in natural waters, two water standards have been distributed by the International Atomic Energy

R. Gonfiantini

1978-01-01

292

Measuring Up: Standards, Assessments, and School Reform Book Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Measuring Up" describes the current standards-based educational reform movement for a general audience and professionals who have not been involved in reform. The simplified perspective does not do justice to the complexity of reform issues in some contexts, but the case studies illustrating reform efforts are particularly useful. (SLD)

Waltman, Kristie K.

1996-01-01

293

Material Measurement The nation's reference laboratory for measurements  

E-print Network

established industrial sectors, emerging industries, government agencies, standards and trade organizations materials and devices for low-noise sensors and next-generation computer logic, and flexible organic

294

78 FR 27375 - Standards of Performance for New Stationary Sources, National Emission Standards for Hazardous...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Performance Standards (NSPS) for Refineries part 60 subpart J, at Marathon Petroleum Company LLC, (Marathon), located in Texas City, Texas? A1: Yes. EPA evaluated the Marathon AMP request in light of changes made to NSPS subpart J on...

2013-05-10

295

Addressing disparities in mental health agencies: Strategies to implement the national clas standards in mental health.  

PubMed

Historically, the mental health system has not effectively addressed the needs of culturally and linguistically diverse individuals (President's New Freedom Commission on Mental Health, 2003), which has contributed to significant racial and ethnic disparities in mental health care (USDHHS, 2001). This paper focuses on exploring how a U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Office of Minority Health policy initiative, the National Standards for Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Services (CLAS) in Health and Health Care (or the National CLAS Standards), may be used by mental health agencies to reduce mental health care disparities. The National CLAS Standards are a set of action steps that inform and facilitate the implementation of culturally and linguistically appropriate services. We first discuss the role of cultural and linguistic competency in mental health care disparities reduction efforts, and then describe specific strategies to facilitate the organizational implementation of the National CLAS Standards. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25383992

Barksdale, Crystal L; Kenyon, Jennifer; Graves, Darci L; Jacobs, C Godfrey

2014-11-01

296

75 FR 37730 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants From Petroleum Refineries  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Hazardous Air Pollutants From Petroleum Refineries AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency...from heat exchange systems at petroleum refineries. These requirements were published...national emission standards for petroleum refineries. In this notice, we are...

2010-06-30

297

What Has the Federal Renewable Fuels Standard Accomplished - A National Perspective (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation provides an overview of the nation's biofuels industry accomplishments and a perspective on the challenges and implications of reaching goals set in the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS).

Schwab, A.

2013-04-01

298

77 FR 16508 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutant Emissions: Group IV Polymers and Resins...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Hazardous Air Pollutant Emissions: Group IV Polymers and Resins; Pesticide Active Ingredient...Hazardous Air Pollutant Emissions: Group IV Polymers and Resins; National Emission Standards...Hazardous Air Pollutant Emissions: Group IV Polymers and Resins; Pesticide Active...

2012-03-21

299

The Challenge We Face: Applying National Standards to the College Foreign Language Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests the need for incentives to help combat the resistance or indifference regarding implementation of the national standards for foreign language learning at the university level, especially in upper division courses at large research universities. (Author/VWL)

Kadish, Doris Y.

2000-01-01

300

Chip-Scale Atomic Frequency References John Kitching, The National Institute of Standards and Technology  

E-print Network

Breitbarth, The University of Colorado, Boulder Zoya Popovic, The University of Colorado, Boulder Leo at the National Institute for Standards and Technology under a Graduate NIST Fellowship. Zoya Popovic Dr. Popovic

Popovic, Zoya

301

76 FR 13514 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Chemical Manufacturing Area Sources  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Background The EPA published final National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Chemical Manufacturing Area Sources (CMAS) on October 29, 2009. 40 CFR part 63, subpart VVVVVV (74 FR 56008). Included in the final rule was a new provision...

2011-03-14

302

Fostering Information Literacy: Connecting National Standards, Goals 2000, and the SCANS Report. Information Literacy Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book focuses on information literacy and facilitating change in schools. Chapters include:" What Is Information Literacy?"; "Why Information Literacy?"; "How Information Literacy Relates to National Curriculum Standards"; "Essential Components of Information Literacy"; "The Necessary Reforms and Changing Responsibilities"; "The…

Thompson, Helen M.; Henley, Susan A.

303

Abstracts from the fourth annual meeting of the council on ionizing radiation measurements and standards (CIRMS)  

SciTech Connect

The Council on Ionizing Radiation Measurements and Standards held its fourth annual meeting at the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland on November 28-30, 1995. The organization represents thousands of users of ionizing radiation and radioactive sources engaged in industrial radiation processing and sterilization, medical radiation diagnostics and therapy, nuclear power, and worker radiation protection programs. CIRMS provides a forum for discussing ionizing radiation issues; identifying, defining and prioritizing needed work; disseminating information on standards; and organizing workshops and meetings to advance ionizing radiation technology. Over 100 participants attended the meeting, which highlighted advanced techniques in radiation dosimetry and radioactivity measurements for the different ionizing radiation communities. Representatives attended from 28 corporations, 10 federal agencies, 8 national laboratories, 12 universities, and 1 state. Advanced techniques and future measurement needs were discussed in four sessions: (I) Medical Dosimetry, Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, (II) Occupational and Radiation Protection Dosimetry, (III) Measurement Techniques for Public and Environmental Radiation Protection, and (IV) Measurement Techniques for Radiation Effects on Materials. An additional session (Session V) was added to this annual meeting on the implementation of ISO 9000 for those CIRMS members involved in instrument and product manufacturing, and those providing radiation measurement services. Abstracts are also included from the poster session (Session VI) held on the final day of the meeting. The 4th Annual Meeting was organized by the Chairman of the Science and Technology Committee, Mr. Joseph C. McDonald of the Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratory.

NONE

1995-12-31

304

75 FR 39252 - Release of Final Documents Related to the Review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...beginning the review of the air quality criteria...Matter National Ambient Air Quality Standards: Scope...Matter National Ambient Air Quality Standards: Scope...the Agency's Technology Transfer Network (TTN) Web site at...

2010-07-08

305

75 FR 67361 - Release of Final Document Related to the Review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Monoxide National Ambient Air Quality Standards, contains...released for the Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee...the Agency's Technology Transfer Network (TTN) Web site at http...of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for...

2010-11-02

306

75 FR 10252 - Release of Draft Documents Related to the Review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Ambient Air Quality Standards...Agency's Technology Transfer Network (TTN) Web site...National Ambient Air Quality Standards...Agency's Technology Transfer Network (TTN) Web site...Director, Office of Air Quality...

2010-03-05

307

75 FR 16459 - Draft Document Related to the Review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Air Quality Standards for Particulate Matter AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency...Assessment for the Review of the Particulate Matter National Ambient Air Quality Standards...Assessment for the Review of the Particulate Matter National Ambient Air Quality...

2010-04-01

308

Standardization of xenon-127 and measurement of photon emission intensities.  

PubMed

Xenon-127 was standardized by internal gas counting using three proportional counters in a differential arrangement to eliminate edge effects. The detection efficiency of the proportional counters was calculated by considering the cascade of events following the electron capture and associated gamma transitions. Activity per unit volume was measured with 0.7% relative standard uncertainty. Gamma-ray spectrometry was performed and absolute photon emission intensities were derived. This study shows that (127)Xe could be a surrogate for (133)Xe for the calibration of remote radio-xenon monitoring stations. PMID:24360861

Rodrigues, M; Lépy, M-C; Cassette, P; Mougeot, X; Bé, M M

2014-05-01

309

Measuring how different nations view the world  

Microsoft Academic Search

This lecture was given on behalf of the Academy as part of National Science Week, 2006, and also in honour of the award of the Descartes Prize to the author and his research team. The Descartes Prize is awarded annually by the European Commission for ‘excellence in collaborative scientific research’ and this is the first time it has been won

Roger Jowell

2006-01-01

310

48 CFR 1552.211-80 - Data standards for the transmission of laboratory measurement results.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Data standards for the transmission of laboratory measurement results...211-80 Data standards for the transmission of laboratory measurement results...following clause: Data Standards for the Transmission of Laboratory Measurement...

2011-10-01

311

48 CFR 1552.211-80 - Data standards for the transmission of laboratory measurement results.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Data standards for the transmission of laboratory measurement results...211-80 Data standards for the transmission of laboratory measurement results...following clause: Data Standards for the Transmission of Laboratory Measurement...

2012-10-01

312

48 CFR 1552.211-80 - Data standards for the transmission of laboratory measurement results.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 true Data standards for the transmission of laboratory measurement results...211-80 Data standards for the transmission of laboratory measurement results...following clause: Data Standards for the Transmission of Laboratory Measurement...

2010-10-01

313

National Educators' Workshop: Update 1988. Standard Experiments in Engineering Materials Science and Technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Presented here is a collection of experiments presented and demonstrated at the National Educators' Workshop: Update 88, held May 10 to 12, 1988 at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersberg, Maryland. The experiments related to the nature and properties of engineering materials and provided information to assist in teaching about materials in the education community.

Gardner, James E. (compiler); Jacobs, James A. (compiler)

1990-01-01

314

Creating a Revolution in Science Education: The National Standards and Scientists  

Microsoft Academic Search

Science education reforms provide a unique opportunity for revitalizing our public schools. For the first time in our history, we have a coherent national vision of where we want to go in science and math education, but the changes called for in the National Science and Mathematics Education Standards will be difficult to implement and take more than a decade

Bruce Alberts

1997-01-01

315

Standardization of Solar Mirror Reflectance Measurements - Round Robin Test: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Within the SolarPaces Task III standardization activities, DLR, CIEMAT, and NREL have concentrated on optimizing the procedure to measure the reflectance of solar mirrors. From this work, the laboratories have developed a clear definition of the method and requirements needed of commercial instruments for reliable reflectance results. A round robin test was performed between the three laboratories with samples that represent all of the commercial solar mirrors currently available for concentrating solar power (CSP) applications. The results show surprisingly large differences in hemispherical reflectance (sh) of 0.007 and specular reflectance (ss) of 0.004 between the laboratories. These differences indicate the importance of minimum instrument requirements and standardized procedures. Based on these results, the optimal procedure will be formulated and validated with a new round robin test in which a better accuracy is expected. Improved instruments and reference standards are needed to reach the necessary accuracy for cost and efficiency calculations.

Meyen, S.; Lupfert, E.; Fernandez-Garcia, A.; Kennedy, C.

2010-10-01

316

Politics and the History Curriculum: The Struggle over Standards in Texas and the Nation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The politicians and pastors who revised the Texas social studies standards made national and international headlines. However, much of that coverage was sensational and squeezed the process into a narrow "culture war" storyline. Politics and the History Curriculum sets the debate over the Texas standards within a broader context by exploring the…

Erekson, Keith A., Ed.

2012-01-01

317

Standardising Teachers: Attitudes towards National Standards for Those Working with Children with Learning Difficulties.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

England's Teacher Training Agency interviewed 20 mainstream and special school teachers on 4 aspects of a standard for special education teachers. Responses suggest that national standards might be effective means of teacher and pupil development but also reflect a concern that creativity and flair in teaching might be affected. (DLH)

Garner, Philip; Lewis, Gill

1999-01-01

318

Professional Development in the Context of National Board for Professional Teaching Standards Certification: Implications beyond Certification.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS) has challenged test developers to create a voluntary program of certification in which highly accomplished teachers receive recognition for meeting rigorous standards. These four papers report the experiences of teacher-candidates, school district administrators, researchers, and test…

Kowalski, Kenneth; Chittenden, Edward; Spicer, Willa; Jones, Jacqueline; Tocci, Cindy

319

The Ugly, the Bad, and the Good in the National History Standards Controversy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author appropriates from Clint Eastwood's film simply to organize a few remarks on his experience working with Gary Nash on the project to develop the U.S. national standards for history back in the mid 1990s. Sound bites are a powerful political tool, and it did not take them long to realize that the attacks on the standards

Dunn, Ross E.

2009-01-01

320

The Development of National Occupational Standards for Intercultural Working in the UK  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From 2007 to 2008, CILT (Centre for Information for Language Teachers) developed a set of National Occupational Standards for Intercultural Working in the UK. This paper reports on three questions arising from the development project: how these standards are distinctive from others, how they realise intercultural competence and how they meet…

MacDonald, Malcolm N.; O'Regan, John P.; Witana, Julie

2009-01-01

321

Teaching Culture: A Study in the Portuguese Classroom. Implications for the National Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study investigated whether/how teachers of a team-taught college introductory course in Portuguese met National Standards on teaching of culture. Teachers met many of the standards, but students had few opportunities to develop perspectives on cultural patterns and products. Use of the term "native culture" and the complexity of cultural education…

Jernigan, Christine Galbreath; Moore, Zena

1997-01-01

322

Moderation of Assessment: An Introduction for National Standards Bodies. Developing a Qualifications Framework for New Zealand.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides a decision tree to guide the thinking of the staff of New Zealand agencies developing national education and certification standards. It is intended to help them make decisions about moderation of assessment--a process of sampling assessments to ensure that they are consistent with the required standard. After an…

New Zealand Qualifications Authority, Wellington.

323

MMIC related metrology at the National Institute of Standards and Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1989 a long-range program was instituted at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) specifically directed at developing improved metrology methods and standards to support microwave monolithic integrated circuit (MMIC) technology. The authors describe how the program was developed, the modes of interaction with the industrial community and the DARPA MMIC initiative, and the particular projects being undertaken

G. Reeve; R. Marks; D. Blackburn

1990-01-01

324

National Curriculum Standards and Social Studies Education: Dewey, Freire, Foucault, and the Construction of a Radical Critique.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the issue of national curriculum standards within the context of social studies education. The paper explores both the recent "conservative-liberal" consensus in favor of (at least) the idea(l) of national curriculum standards and the nascent opposition movements to national curriculum standards growing within both the…

Vinson, Kevin D.

325

Leadership for Change: National Standards for Family and Consumer Sciences Education. Family and Consumer Sciences Teacher Education. Yearbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 27 papers on the development of national standards for family and consumer sciences (FACS) education. The following papers are included: "Leadership for Change: Developing the National Standards" (Peggy Wild); "National Standards Model" (Wanda S. Fox); "Reasoning for Action" (Wanda S. Fox, Janet F. Laster); "Career, Community,…

Vail, Ann, Ed.; Fox, Wanda S., Ed.; Wild, Peggy, Ed.

326

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Submittal - 1998  

SciTech Connect

The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is operated by the U.S. Department of Energy Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV) as the site for nuclear weapons testing, now limited to readiness activities and experiments in support of the national Stockpile Stewardship Management Program. It is located in Nye County, Nevada, with the southeast corner about 105 km (65 mi) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada. The NTS covers about 3,500 km2 (1,350 mi2), an area larger than Rhode Island. Its size is about 46 to 56 km (28 to 35 mi) east to west and from 64 to 88 km (40 to 55 mi)north to south. The NTS is surrounded, except on the south side, by public exclusion areas (Nellis Air Force Range) that provide another 24 to 104 km (15 to 65 mi) between the NTS and public lands. The NTS is characterized by desert valley and Great Basin mountain topography, with a climate, flora, and fauna typical of the southwest deserts. Surface waters are scarce on the NTS and there is great depth to slow-moving groundwater.

Stuart Black; Yvonne Townsend

1999-06-01

327

Precision Electroweak Measurements and Constraints on the Standard Model  

SciTech Connect

This note presents constraints on Standard Model parameters using published and preliminary precision electroweak results measured at the electron-positron colliders LEP and SLC. The results are compared with precise electroweak measurements from other experiments, notably CDF and D0 at the Tevatron. Constraints on the input parameters of the Standard Model are derived from the combined set of results obtained in high-Q{sup 2} interactions, and used to predict results in low-Q{sup 2} experiments, such as atomic parity violation, Moeller scattering, and neutrino-nucleon scattering. The main changes with respect to the experimental results presented in 2008 are new combinations of results on the W-boson mass and the mass of the top quark.

Collaboration, ALEPH; Collaboration, CDF; Collaboration, D0; Collaboration, DELPHI; Collaboration, L3; Collaboration, OPAL; Collaboration, SLD; Group, LEP Electroweak Working; Group, Tevatron Electroweak Working; groups, SLD electroweak heavy flavour

2009-11-01

328

Precision Electroweak Measurements and Constraints on the Standard Model  

SciTech Connect

This note presents constraints on Standard Model parameters using published and preliminary precision electroweak results measured at the electron-positron colliders LEP and SLC. The results are compared with precise electroweak measurements from other experiments, notably CDF and D0 at the Tevatron. Constraints on the input parameters of the Standard Model are derived from the combined set of results obtained in high-Q{sup 2} interactions, and used to predict results in low-Q{sup 2} experiments, such as atomic parity violation, Moeller scattering, and neutrino-nucleon scattering. The main changes with respect to the experimental results presented in 2008 are new combinations of results on the W-boson mass and the mass of the top quark.

The , ALEPH, CDF, D0, ...

2009-12-11

329

Precision Electroweak Measurements and Constraints on the Standard Model  

SciTech Connect

This note presents constraints on Standard Model parameters using published and preliminary precision electroweak results measured at the electron-positron colliders LEP and SLC. The results are compared with precise electroweak measurements from other experiments, notably CDF and D0 at the Tevatron. Constraints on the input parameters of the Standard Model are derived from the results obtained in high-Q{sup 2} interactions, and used to predict results in low-Q{sup 2} experiments, such as atomic parity violation, Moller scattering, and neutrino-nucleon scattering. The main changes with respect to the experimental results presented in 2007 are new combinations of results on the W-boson mass and width and the mass of the top quark.

Not Available

2011-11-11

330

Bias and standard error for social reciprocity measurements.  

PubMed

The directional consistency and skew-symmetry statistics have been proposed as global measure of social reciprocity. Although both measures can be useful for quantifying social reciprocity, researchers need to know whether these estimators are biased in order properly to assess descriptive results. That is, if estimators are biased, researchers should compare actual values with expected values under the specified null hypothesis. Furthermore, standard errors are needed to enable suitable assessment of discrepancies between actual and expected values. This paper aims to derive some exact and approximate expressions in order to obtain bias and standard error values for both estimators for round-robin designs, although the results can also be extended to other reciprocal designs. PMID:19486549

Solanas, Antonio; Leiva, David; Salafranca, Lluís

2010-02-01

331

63 FR 48890 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Source Categories; National Emission...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Pollutants for Source Categories; National...Pollutants for Source Categories; National...existing affected sources at petroleum refineries...metals (antimony, arsenic, beryllium...designation of affected sources) shall be included...operating the source and maintaining...determine the cause of the...

1998-09-11

332

Standard Test Data and Peak Fitting for XPS Measurements  

National Institute of Standards and Technology Data Gateway

Standard Test Data and Peak Fitting for XPS Measurements (Web, free access)   This web site provides an extensive set of simulated photoelectron spectroscopy data for users to test software for determining the positions and intensities of overlapping peaks. Users download the data, perform their analyses, and then upload their results. A Java program evaluates the results and provides a graphical presentation of the errors in the user's analyses.

333

Los Alamos National Laboratory standard nuclear material container  

SciTech Connect

The shut down of United States (U.S.) nuclear-weapons production activities in the early 1990s left large quantities of nuclear materials throughout the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) complex in forms not intended for long-term storage. In May 1994, the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB) issued Recommendation 94-1, which called for the stabilization and disposition of 'thousands of containers of plutonium-bearing liquids and solids' in the DOE complex, including LANL in the nuclear-weapons-manufacturing pipeline when manufacturing ended. This resulted in the development of the 3013 standard with container requirements for long term storage (up to 50 years). A follow on was the Criteria For Interim Storage of Plutonium Bearing Materials, Charles B. Curtis, in 1996 to address storage other than the 3013 standard for shorter time frames. In January 2000, the DNFSB issued Recommendation 2000-1, which stated the need for LANL to repackage 'about one ton of plutonium metal and oxide,' declared excess to Defense Program (DP) needs. The DNFSB recommended that LANL 'stabilize and seal within welded containers with an inert atmosphere the plutonium oxides ... which are not yet in states conforming to the long-term storage envisaged by DOE-STD-3013,' and that they '... enclose existing and newly-generated legacy plutonium metal in sealed containers with an inert atmosphere,' and 'remediate and/or safely store the various residues.' Recommendation 2000-1, while adding to the number of items needing remediation, also reiterated the need to address remaining items from 1994-1 in a timely fashion. Since timetables slipped, the DNFSB recommended that the Complex 'prioritize and schedule tasks according to the consideration of risks.' In March 2005, the DNFSB issued Recommendation 2005-1. This recommendation addresses the need for a consistent set of criteria across the DOE complex for the interim storage of nuclear material packaged outside an engineered barrier. The Department of Energy (DOE) approved and issued on March 7, 2008, DOE M 441.1-1, Nuclear Material Packaging Manual [hereafter referred to as Manual] to address this recommendation, and a Prioritization Methodology as a complex-wide requirement for the packaging of nuclear material outside an engineered barrier. The Manual establishes 'technically justified criteria' for packages in order to ensure safe interim storage and handling outside an engineered barrier. The Prioritization Methodology establishes a risk-based procedure for identifying the order to repackage that would most efficiently reduce the overall risk. It is a logical extension of the work performed to meet the two earlier DNFSB recommendations to include all materials stored outside of engineered barriers, i.e., not just excess materials. LANL will continue to work all aspects of a comprehensive Implementation Plan to d monstrate all aspects of compliance with the Manual. Assessment of materials in nonstandard containers utilizing a risk based approach, repackaging up to 400 containers/year; activities include reprocessing of items to allow container consolidation and subsequent increase in vault capacity. Continued efforts in establishing and implementing a Surveillance and Maintenance Program for current Hagans and for the NG SNMCSs supported by a database for packaging and surveillance. Elastomer aging studies for the NG SNMCs will continue to justify extending the design life well beyond the currently specified five years. First production with containers available for use anticipated in June 2010. LANL will continue to define schedule and resources to meet these objectives.

Stone, Timothy A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01

334

62 FR 25370 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Source Categories; National Emission...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...standards for this source category must...emitted from sources in mineral wool...hazardous metals (arsenic, antimony...that all major sources of air toxic...lower emitting sources in each category...that each major source of toxic air...standard are arsenic, antimony...These metals can cause effects...

1997-05-08

335

Data format standard for sharing light source measurements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Optical design requires accurate characterization of light sources for computer aided design (CAD) software. Various methods have been used to model sources, from accurate physical models to measurement of light output. It has become common practice for designers to include measured source data for design simulations. Typically, a measured source will contain rays which sample the output distribution of the source. The ray data must then be exported to various formats suitable for import into optical analysis or design software. Source manufacturers are also making measurements of their products and supplying CAD models along with ray data sets for designers. The increasing availability of data has been beneficial to the design community but has caused a large expansion in storage needs for the source manufacturers since each software program uses a unique format to describe the source distribution. In 2012, the Illuminating Engineering Society (IES) formed a working group to understand the data requirements for ray data and recommend a standard file format. The working group included representatives from software companies supplying the analysis and design tools, source measurement companies providing metrology, source manufacturers creating the data and users from the design community. Within one year the working group proposed a file format which was recently approved by the IES for publication as TM-25. This paper will discuss the process used to define the proposed format, highlight some of the significant decisions leading to the format and list the data to be included in the first version of the standard.

Gregory, G. Groot; Ashdown, Ian; Brandenburg, Willi; Chabaud, Dominique; Dross, Oliver; Gangadhara, Sanjay; Garcia, Kevin; Gauvin, Michael; Hansen, Dirk; Haraguchi, Kei; Hasna, Günther; Jiao, Jianzhong; Kelley, Ryan; Koshel, John; Muschaweck, Julius

2013-09-01

336

Reference standard for carbonaceous impurity measurements in carbon nanotubes.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Near-infrared spectroscopy is a convenient tool for measuring nanotube/carbonaceous impurities ratios in carbon nanotube samples. These measurements are based on separation of contributions from nanotubes and impurities to the near-infrared absorption of samples dispersed in DMF, and sample purity is expressed relative to some reference sample. In the current work we produced a reference standard for NIR measurements using purified laser nanotubes. The sample was oxidized slowly using a Temperature Programmed Oxidation (TPO) setup in 2% oxygen/98% helium atmosphere. In these conditions, the sample oxidized in several steps, which were attributed to carbonaceous impurities, nanotubes and graphitic shells based on TEM and Raman observations. Stopping oxidation at 625 C (this temperature is sample-specific) allowed us to produce a sample with no carbonaceous impurities and well-defined ratio of nanotubes, graphite and metal catalyst. Since carbonaceous impurities no longer hold nanotubes and particles together, further centrifuging allowed us to remove particles and use this sample as a reference standard in NIR measurements.

Nikolaev, Pavel

2004-01-01

337

Reference standard for carbonaceous impurity measurements in carbon nanotubes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Near-infrared spectroscopy is a convenient tool for measuring nanotube / carbonaceous impurities ratios in carbon nanotube samples. These measurements are based on separation of contributions from nanotubes and impurities to the near-infrared absorption of samples dispersed in DMF, and sample purity is expressed relative to some reference sample. In the current work we produced a reference standard for NIR measurements using purified laser nanotubes. The sample was oxidized slowly using a Temperature Programmed Oxidation (TPO) setup in 2% oxygen / 98 % helium atmosphere. In these conditions, the sample oxidized in several steps, which were attributed to carbonaceous impurities, nanotubes and graphitic shells based on TEM and Raman observations. Stopping oxidation at 625 C (this temperature is sample-specific) allowed us to produce a sample with no carbonaceous impurities and well-defined ratio of nanotubes, graphite and metal catalyst. Since carbonaceous impurities no longer hold nanotubes and particles together, further centrifuging allowed us to remove particles and use this sample as a reference standard in NIR measurements.

Nikolaev, Pavel; Arepalli, Sivaram

2004-01-01

338

SIMEX and standard error estimation in semiparametric measurement error models  

PubMed Central

SIMEX is a general-purpose technique for measurement error correction. There is a substantial literature on the application and theory of SIMEX for purely parametric problems, as well as for purely non-parametric regression problems, but there is neither application nor theory for semiparametric problems. Motivated by an example involving radiation dosimetry, we develop the basic theory for SIMEX in semiparametric problems using kernel-based estimation methods. This includes situations that the mismeasured variable is modeled purely parametrically, purely non-parametrically, or that the mismeasured variable has components that are modeled both parametrically and nonparametrically. Using our asymptotic expansions, easily computed standard error formulae are derived, as are the bias properties of the nonparametric estimator. The standard error method represents a new method for estimating variability of nonparametric estimators in semiparametric problems, and we show in both simulations and in our example that it improves dramatically on first order methods. We find that for estimating the parametric part of the model, standard bandwidth choices of order O(n?1/5) are sufficient to ensure asymptotic normality, and undersmoothing is not required. SIMEX has the property that it fits misspecified models, namely ones that ignore the measurement error. Our work thus also more generally describes the behavior of kernel-based methods in misspecified semiparametric problems. PMID:19609371

Apanasovich, Tatiyana V.; Carroll, Raymond J.; Maity, Arnab

2009-01-01

339

Precision electroweak measurements and constraints on the Standard Model  

SciTech Connect

This note presents constraints on Standard Model parameters using published and preliminary precision electroweak results obtained at the electron-positron colliders LEP and SLC. The results are compared with precise electroweak measurements from other experiments, notably CDF and D0 at the Tevatron. Constraints on the input parameters of the Standard Model are derived from the combined set of results obtained in high-Q{sup 2} interactions, and used to predict results in low-Q{sup 2} experiments, such as atomic parity violation, Moeller scattering, and neutrino-nucleon scattering. The main changes with respect to the experimental results presented in 2009 are new combinations of results on the width of the W boson and the mass of the top quark.

Not Available

2010-12-01

340

Perceptually standardized imaging of digitized film for comparative ROC measurements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Primary diagnostic reading of digitized film, displayed on a CRT, requires a quality assurance (QA) that all of the perceptual information, which is accessible from the film when displayed on a light table, can be reproduced on the CRT display. Some of the CRT display parameters are already defined. The DICOM standard 3.14 introduces a contrast transfer function (grayscale display function standard) for minimum contrasts which are defined as single just-noticeable- differences (JND) in luminance. It establishes, throughout the entire intensity range of the data, contrast recognition of single JND resolution and implies linearity of contrast perception. Conventionally, the CRT QA utilizes a SMPTE contrast test pattern of 5% contrast ]13 digital driving levels (DDLs)[ resolution. We developed for the QA of the new standard a perceptual contrast pattern with single DDL resolution (perceptual contrast pattern equals P-pattern). It allows the visual assessment and measurement of perceived contrast linearity at a minimum level 1.2% contrast (3 DDLs). We analyzed, at various room light conditions (0 - 300 cdm-2) and on DICOM 3.14-standardized CRTs of various maximum luminance (110 - 400 cdm-2), the minimum luminance of the CRT that is required for establishing perceptual contrast linearity. We compared the use of the SMPTE pattern and the P-pattern for QA of linearity. The SMPTE pattern was not effective for a statistically significant correlation of contrast linearity with room light and monitor luminance. However, the P-pattern furnished an effective tool for the assessment, measurement or adjustment of contrast linearity. We found that perception of linearity for 3 JND contrasts at low room light conditions (0 - 6 cdm-2) requires a minimum luminance of 10 cdm-2 which is not directly derived from the background luminance of the light reflected from the monitor but may indicate a perceptual threshold value for task performance.

Peters, Klaus-Ruediger

2000-04-01

341

The evaluation of hospital laboratory information management systems based on the standards of the American National Standard Institute  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Nowadays, modern laboratories are faced with a huge volume of information. One of the goals of the Laboratory Information Management System (LIMS) is to assist in the management of the information generated in the laboratory. This study intends to evaluate the LIMS based on the standards of the American National Standard Institute (ANSI). Materials and Methods: This research is a descriptive–analytical study, which had been conducted in 2011, on the LIMSs in use, in the teaching and private hospitals in Isfahan. The data collecting instrument was a checklist, which was made by evaluating three groups of information components namely: ‘System capabilities’, ‘work list functions,’ and ‘reporting’ based on LIS8-A. Data were analyzed using the SPSS 20. Data were analyzed using (relative) frequency, percentage. To compare the data the following statistical tests were used: Leven test, t-test, and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Results: The results of the study indicated that the LIMS had a low conformity (30%) with LIS8-A (P = 0.001), with no difference between teaching and private hospitals (P = 0.806). The ANOVA revealed that in terms of conformity with the LIS8-A standard, there was a significant difference between the systems produced by different vendors (P = 0.023). According to the results, a Kowsar system with more than %57 conformity in the three groups of information components had a better conformity to the standard, compared to the other systems. Conclusions: This study indicated that none of the LIMSs had a good conformity to the standard. It seems that system providers did not pay sufficient attention to many of the information components required by the standards when designing and developing their systems. It was suggested that standards from certified organizations and institutions be followed in the design and development process of health information systems. PMID:25077154

Isfahani, Sakineh Saghaeiannejad; Khajouei, Reza; Jahanbakhsh, Maryan; Mirmohamadi, Mahboubeh

2014-01-01

342

1995 Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs): Radionuclides. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

Under Section 61.94 of 40 CFR 61, Subpart H (National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other Than Radon From Department of Energy Facilities), each DOE facility must submit an annual report documenting compliance. This report addresses the Section 61.94 reporting requirements for operations at INEL for CY 1995. For that year, airborne radionuclide emissions from INEL operations were calculated to result in a maximum individual dose to a member of the public of 1.80E-02 mrem (1.80E-07 Sievert), well below the 40 CFR 61, Subpart H, regulatory standard of 10 mrem per year (1.0E-04 Sievert per year).

NONE

1996-06-01

343

Focal Length Measurements for the National Ignition Facility Large Lenses  

SciTech Connect

The focal length of the spatial filter and final focus lenses for the National Ignition Facility are measured to < {+-} 0.01% using a combination of master lenses and production-oriented techniques for relative focal length.

Parham, T G; McCarville, T J; Johnson, M A; Kiikka, C

2002-01-25

344

19. Photocopy of measured drawing (from National Archives) A. B. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

19. Photocopy of measured drawing (from National Archives) A. B. Mullett, architect ca. 1868 'ELEVATION ON COMMERCIAL STREET. NO. 5' - U. S. Customs House, 312 Fore Street, Portland, Cumberland County, ME

345

LIQUID SCINTILLATION SPECTROMETRY AT GRAN SASSO NATIONAL LABORATORY: RADIOCARBON MEASUREMENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Radiocarbon measurements using a Quantulus™ ultra low-level liquid scintillation spectrometer were per- formed at the Gran Sasso National Laboratory (National Institute for Nuclear Physics) to study the efficiency and background related to the measurement site (Plastino et al. 2001). Cosmic background and its variation have been removed in the Gran Sasso laboratory by its 1400-m rock overburden. Stable, high-performance liquid

Wolfango Plastino; Lauri Kaihola

346

Implementation of ISO 10110 optics drawing standards for the National Ignition Facility  

SciTech Connect

The National Ignition Facility (NIF) project elected to implement ISO 10110 standard for the specifications of NIF optics drawings in 1996. More than 7,000 NIF large optics and 20,000 NIF small optics will be manufactured based on ISO 10110 indications. ISO 10110 standard meets many of the needs of the NIF optics specifications. It allows the optical engineer to quantify and clearly communicate the desired optical specifications. While no single drawing standard specifies all the requirements of high energy laser system, a combination of ISO 10110 standard with detailed notes make it possible to apply international drawing standards to the NIF laser system. This paper will briefly describe LLNL's interpretation and implementation of the ISO 10110 drawing standard, present some examples of NIF optics drawings, and discuss pros and cons of the indications from the perspective of this application. Emphasis will be given to the surface imperfection specifications, known as 5/, for the NIF optics.

Aikens, D M; English, R E; Wang, D Y

1999-07-01

347

Acoustical renovation of temporary classrooms to meet American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standard  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This exercise demonstrates that key requirements of the ANSI S12.60-2002 on classroom acoustics can be met through renovations at modest cost. Free-standing classrooms at two schools in Southern California were successfully renovated. Noise levels were greatly reduced, and now meet requirements of the ANSI standard. A 1950s style bungalow classroom at the Paradise Canyon School (PCS) in Los Angeles County and a double-trailer classroom at the Wildomar Elementary School (WES) in Riverside County were targeted. The aim was to make classrooms suitable for pupils with severe hearing disabilities. But the methods used apply equally to mainstream classrooms. At both schools the above-ceiling air distribution systems were modified to produce quiet airflow. At PCS, a noisy rooftop heat pump was replaced with a much quieter rooftop heat pump and installation. At WES, a noisy wall-mounted heat pump was replaced with a new unit mounted on an exterior concrete pad. At PCS, exterior noise intrusion was achieved by replacing a poorly performing accordion wall with a permanent wall. Further noise reduction can be achieved by replacing leaky windows. Exterior noise intrusion at WES was obtained by replacing leaky windows. The resulting acoustical improvements are documented. Costs and lessons learned are discussed.

Lubman, David

2005-09-01

348

Standards Development for the U.S. National Geologic Map Database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. Geological Survey and the Nation's state geological surveys (under authority of the Association of American State Geologists) are mandated by Congress to provide a National Geologic Map Database (NGMDB) of standardized geoscience information that can be used to address societal issues and improve our base of scientific knowledge. Over the past decade, the NGMDB project has addressed its mandate by providing: 1) basic information and services that enable users to find available geoscience information; 2) a venue for development of community-based standards that are promoting broader public use of geoscience map information and more effective interoperability among the Nation's geological surveys; and 3) a research and development environment in which we are building a distributed database system to archive and serve the Nation's geologic map information. The NGMDB is addressing its mission in an incremental fashion, by building "support" databases and standards, and by working toward the long-term goal of the distributed system. Products currently available to serve the geoscience community and the general public are: the U.S. Geologic Names Lexicon ("GEOLEX"), which is a standard reference for the Nation's stratigraphic nomenclature; the Geoscience Map Catalog and Image Library, which helps people find and view 70,000 published geoscience maps and related products; and various standards, which are the subject of this paper. In cooperation with other U.S. and Canadian agencies, and with the IUGS Commission for the Management and Application of Geoscience Information ("CGI"), the NGMDB project is defining standards that include: a science terminology; a conceptual data model; a physical implementation of the data model in ArcGIS; a FGDC-endorsed standard for map symbols and patterns and for descriptions of locational accuracy of geologic features in the field; and a GML-based exchange standard to promote interoperability among data providers to the NGMDB. These standards form the basis for the design of our online map database. Because it will be a distributed system managed among more than 50 agencies (each with different personnel skills, organizational culture, hardware and software platforms, funding constraints, and public and private user needs), the standards must accommodate these differences and yet enable the NGMDB database to function as if it were a single entity. The standards are now being tested in the NGMDB prototype database; this testing is aided by our new data-entry tool and ArcGIS implementation, which will allow our project partners to evaluate the database structure and science terminology and to make recommendations for improvement. Information and links to NGMDB databases and standards are available at http://ngmdb.usgs.gov/Info/.

Soller, D. R.; Berg, T. M.; Stamm, N. R.

2005-12-01

349

62 FR 49052 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Source Categories; National Emission...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...lists HAP believed to cause adverse health or environmental...each standard for major sources must require the maximum...ensure that all major sources of air toxic emissions...controlled and lower emitting sources in each category. This...citizens that each major source of toxic air...

1997-09-18

350

63 FR 19582 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Source Categories: National Emission...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...each standard for major sources require the maximum...ensure that all major sources of air toxic emissions...controlled and lower emitting sources in each category. This...citizens that each major source of toxic air pollution...largest quantities are arsenic and lead compounds...These toxic metals can cause effects such as...

1998-04-20

351

Rotating pressure measurement system using an on board calibration standard  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A computer-controlled multichannel pressure measurement system was developed to acquire detailed flow field measurements on board the Large Low Speed Centrifugal Compressor Research Facility at the NASA Lewis Research Center. A pneumatic slip ring seal assembly is used to transfer calibration pressures to a reference standard transducer on board the compressor rotor in order to measure very low differential pressures with the high accuracy required. A unique data acquisition system was designed and built to convert the analog signal from the reference transducer to the variable frequency required by the multichannel pressure measurement system and also to provide an output for temperature control of the reference transducer. The system also monitors changes in test cell barometric pressure and rotating seal leakage and provides an on screen warning to the operator if limits are exceeded. The methods used for the selection and testing of the the reference transducer are discussed, and the data acquisition system hardware and software design are described. The calculated and experimental data for the system measurement accuracy are also presented.

Senyitko, Richard G.; Blumenthal, Philip Z.; Freedman, Robert J.

1991-01-01

352

1996 Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) -- Radionuclides. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

Under Section 61.94 of Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 61, Subpart H, ``National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other Than Radon From Department of Energy Facilities,`` each Department of Energy (DOE) facility must submit an annual report documenting compliance. This report addresses the Section 61.94 reporting requirements for operations at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for calendar year (CY) 1996. The Idaho Operations Office of the DOE is the primary contact concerning compliance with the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) at the INEEL. For calendar year 1996, airborne radionuclide emissions from the INEEL operations were calculated to result in a maximum individual dose to a member of the public of 3.14E-02 mrem (3.14E-07 Sievert). This effective dose equivalent (EDE) is well below the 40 CFR 61, Subpart H, regulatory standard of 10 mrem per year (1.0E-04 Sievert per year).

NONE

1997-06-01

353

Measuring hospice care: the National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization National Hospice Data Set  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hospice has seen rapid growth in recent years, but there is a lack of consistency among hospices when it comes to compliance with standards of care. Consequently, hospices vary in performance and in services they provide. With state hospice organizations, the NHPCO developed a National Data Set (NDS) intended to understand demographics, practices, and outcomes; illustrate industry effectiveness; facilitate communication

Stephen R. Connor; Martha Tecca; Judi LundPerson; Joan Teno

2004-01-01

354

Assessing the Life Science Knowledge of Students and Teachers Represented by the K-8 National Science Standards  

PubMed Central

We report on the development of an item test bank and associated instruments based on the National Research Council (NRC) K–8 life sciences content standards. Utilizing hundreds of studies in the science education research literature on student misconceptions, we constructed 476 unique multiple-choice items that measure the degree to which test takers hold either a misconception or an accepted scientific view. Tested nationally with 30,594 students, following their study of life science, and their 353 teachers, these items reveal a range of interesting results, particularly student difficulties in mastering the NRC standards. Teachers also answered test items and demonstrated a high level of subject matter knowledge reflecting the standards of the grade level at which they teach, but exhibiting few misconceptions of their own. In addition, teachers predicted the difficulty of each item for their students and which of the wrong answers would be the most popular. Teachers were found to generally overestimate their own students’ performance and to have a high level of awareness of the particular misconceptions that their students hold on the K–4 standards, but a low level of awareness of misconceptions related to the 5–8 standards. PMID:24006402

Sadler, Philip M.; Coyle, Harold; Smith, Nancy Cook; Miller, Jaimie; Mintzes, Joel; Tanner, Kimberly; Murray, John

2013-01-01

355

40 CFR Appendix R to Part 50 - Interpretation of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Lead  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Lead R Appendix R to Part 50 Protection...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Lead 1. General. (a) This appendix...ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) for lead (Pb) specified in § 50.16 are...

2010-07-01

356

40 CFR Appendix R to Part 50 - Interpretation of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Lead  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Lead R Appendix R to Part 50 Protection...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Lead 1. General. (a) This appendix...ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) for lead (Pb) specified in § 50.16 are...

2011-07-01

357

40 CFR Appendix R to Part 50 - Interpretation of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Lead  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Lead R Appendix R to Part 50 Protection...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Lead 1. General. (a) This appendix...ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) for lead (Pb) specified in § 50.16 are...

2013-07-01

358

40 CFR Appendix R to Part 50 - Interpretation of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Lead  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Lead R Appendix R to Part 50 Protection...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Lead 1. General. (a) This appendix...ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) for lead (Pb) specified in § 50.16 are...

2012-07-01

359

Evaluation of Vitamin D Standardization Program protocols for standardizing serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D data: a case study of the program's potential for national nutrition and health surveys12345  

PubMed Central

Background: The Vitamin D Standardization Program (VDSP) has developed protocols for standardizing procedures of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] measurement in National Health/Nutrition Surveys to promote 25(OH)D measurements that are accurate and comparable over time, location, and laboratory procedure to improve public health practice. Objective: We applied VDSP protocols to existing ELISA-derived serum 25(OH)D data from the Irish National Adult Nutrition Survey (NANS) as a case-study survey and evaluated their effectiveness by comparison of the protocol-projected estimates with those from a reanalysis of survey serums by using liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC–tandem MS). Design: The VDSP reference system and protocols were applied to ELISA-based serum 25(OH)D data from the representative NANS sample (n = 1118). A reanalysis of 99 stored serums by using standardized LC–tandem MS and resulting regression equations yielded predicted standardized serum 25(OH)D values, which were then compared with LC–tandem MS reanalyzed values for all serums. Results: Year-round prevalence rates for serum 25(OH)D concentrations <30, <40, and <50 nmol/L were 6.5%, 21.9%, and 40.0%, respectively, via original ELISA measurements and 11.4%, 25.3%, and 43.7%, respectively, when VDSP protocols were applied. Differences in estimates at <30- and <40-nmol/L thresholds, but not at the <50-nmol/L threshold, were significant (P < 0.05). A reanalysis of all serums by using LC–tandem MS confirmed prevalence estimates as 11.2%, 27.2%, and 45.0%, respectively. Prevalences of serum 25(OH)D concentrations >125 nmol/L were 1.2%, 0.3%, and 0.6% by means of ELISA, VDSP protocols, and LC–tandem MS, respectively. Conclusion: VDSP protocols hold a major potential for national nutrition and health surveys in terms of the standardization of serum 25(OH)D data. PMID:23615829

Cashman, Kevin D; Kiely, Mairead; Kinsella, Michael; Durazo-Arvizu, Ramon A; Tian, Lu; Zhang, Yue; Lucey, Alice; Flynn, Albert; Gibney, Michael J; Vesper, Hubert W; Phinney, Karen W; Coates, Paul M; Picciano, Mary F; Sempos, Christopher T

2013-01-01

360

Coordinate measuring machine test standard apparatus and method  

DOEpatents

A coordinate measuring machine test standard apparatus and method which iudes a rotary spindle having an upper phase plate and an axis of rotation, a kinematic ball mount attached to the phase plate concentric with the axis of rotation of the phase plate, a groove mounted at the circumference of the phase plate, and an arm assembly which rests in the groove. The arm assembly has a small sphere at one end and a large sphere at the other end. The small sphere may be a coordinate measuring machine probe tip and may have variable diameters. The large sphere is secured in the kinematic ball mount and the arm is held in the groove. The kinematic ball mount includes at least three mounting spheres and the groove is an angular locating groove including at least two locking spheres. The arm may have a hollow inner core and an outer layer. The rotary spindle may be a ratio reducer. The device is used to evaluate the measuring performance of a coordinate measuring machine for periodic recertification, including 2 and 3 dimensional accuracy, squareness, straightness, and angular accuracy.

Bieg, Lothar F. (Louisville, CO)

1994-08-30

361

Measuring Progress toward the National Education Goals: Potential Indicators and Measurement Strategies. Discussion Document.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For six national education goals, the major objectives, significant issues and questions concerning measuring/monitoring the nation's/states' progress toward meeting these goals, a list of resource group membership, and an abstract of resource group interim reports are provided. The National Education Goals Panel--six governors, four members of…

National Education Goals Panel, Washington, DC.

362

Understanding Meaningful Use with a Focus on Testing the HL7 V2 Messaging Standards Robert Snelick, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)  

E-print Network

Understanding Meaningful Use with a Focus on Testing the HL7 V2 Messaging Standards Robert Snelick into the test procedures and testing process for the Health Level 7 (HL7) Version 2 (V2) messaging standards, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Sheryl Taylor, Booz-Allen Hamilton (BAH) Use

363

Using the National Geography Standards and Your Local River to Teach about Environmental Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that the study of local wetlands provides an excellent means of integrating environmental studies, global studies, and other curricula into geography instruction. Seven tables list ways that studying wetlands illustrate the six essential elements of the National Geography Standards. Includes a list of 17 learning activities. (MJP)

Kimmel, James R.

1996-01-01

364

78 FR 44485 - Implementation of the 2008 National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone: State Implementation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The EPA is announcing an extension of the public comment period on the Proposed Rule Regarding ``Implementation of the 2008 National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone: State Implementation Plan Requirements'' (June 6, 2013). The EPA is extending the comment period that originally was scheduled to end on August 5, 2013. The extended comment period will close on September 4, 2013. The EPA is......

2013-07-24

365

AGENDA The Intersection of Cloud and Mobility National Institute of Standards and Technology l Gaithersburg, MD  

E-print Network

in Mobility 10:00 11:30 Plenary Session Progress on USG Cloud Computing Technology Roadmap Priority Action Federated Mobile Cloud Privacy and Security Accessibility Ubiquitous Computing 10:15 12:00 Report Out 11AGENDA The Intersection of Cloud and Mobility National Institute of Standards and Technology l

366

75 FR 28227 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Gold Mine Ore Processing and Production...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2060-AP48 National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Gold Mine Ore Processing and Production Area Source Category and Addition...EPA published a proposed rule for mercury emissions from the gold mine ore processing and production area source category....

2010-05-20

367

62 FR 38652 - National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Particulate Matter  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...describes EPA's decision to revise the national...complete basis for the decision announced in...such as technical support documents pertaining...risk assessment support documents are available...Bulletin Board System (BBS) in the...Standards H. Final Decisions on Primary PM...

1997-07-18

368

Jordanian Vocational, Secondary Education Teachers and Acquisition of the National Professional Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this study was to estimate the level of acquisition of the Jordanian national professional standards by vocational, secondary education teachers. Two hundred teachers participated in the study. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS version 15.0. Questionnaire validity was assessed by content validity,…

Al-Dajeh, Hesham I.

2012-01-01

369

States Must Reject National Education Standards while There Is Still Time. Backgrounder, No. 2680  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For four and a half decades, the federal role in education has been growing. Costly in terms of taxpayer dollars spent and local control of education lost, this expanding federal control has failed to improve outcomes for America's children. National standards will further expand Washington's role--and will remove parents from decisions about the…

Burke, Lindsey M.

2012-01-01

370

Alternatives to National Standards for Environmental Education: Process-Based Quality Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses different world views on the roles of both science and education in society, questions some of the arguments put forward by proponents of national standards for environmental education in the United States, and argues for an alternative form of quality assessment in environmental education which is process-based instead of product- or…

Wals, Arjen E. J.; van der Leij, Tore

1997-01-01

371

Alternatives to National Standards for Environmental Education: A Response to Roth and McClaren.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a rejoinder to critiques of the article "Alternatives to National Standards in Environmental Education: Process-Based Quality." Discusses polarization of schools of thought in environmental education, suggested misunderstanding of behaviorism, and the compatibility of behavioristic and nonbehavioristic approaches to environmental…

Wals, Arjen E. J.; van der Leij, Tore

1997-01-01

372

Professional Conversations: Mentor Teachers' Theories-in-Use Using the Australian National Professional Standards for Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper the written feedback provided by mentor teachers using a new assessment model for preservice teacher professional experience deployed in the Australian Capital Territory and based on the Australian National Standards for Teachers is analysed. The analysis reveals mentor teachers hold a pervasive theory-in-use in regards to the needs…

Leonard, Simon N.

2012-01-01

373

77 FR 3223 - National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Mineral Wool Production and Wool...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The EPA published in the Federal Register on November 25, 2011, the proposed rules, ``National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Mineral Wool Production and Wool Fiberglass Manufacturing.'' The EPA was asked to hold a public hearing only on the wool fiberglass manufacturing proposed rule, and on December 20, 2011, published a notice announcing the hearing and extending the comment......

2012-01-23

374

76 FR 78872 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Wool Fiberglass Manufacturing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The EPA published in the Federal Register on November 25, 2011, the proposed rules, ``National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Mineral Wool Production and Wool Fiberglass Manufacturing.'' The EPA was asked to hold a public hearing only on the wool fiberglass rule. Therefore, EPA is making two announcements: first, a public hearing for the proposed Wool Fiberglass Manufacturing......

2011-12-20

375

October 1999 National Institute of Standards and Technology Technology Administration U.S. Department of Commerce  

E-print Network

Through the Advanced Technology Program ADADVANCEDANCED TECHNOLOGY PRTECHNOLOGY PROGRAMOGRAM 0 50 100 150 Advanced Technology Program National Institute of Standards and Technology Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 the Advanced Technology Program Jeanne W. Powell October 1999 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE William M. Daley

376

National Institute of Standards and Technology Technology Administration U.S. Department of Commerce February 2007  

E-print Network

-Cost Analysis #12;About ATP's Economic Assessment Office The Advanced Technology Program (ATP) is a partnership Assessment Office, Advanced Technology Program · By writing: Economic Assessment Office, Advanced Technology for Economic Assessment Office Advanced Technology Program National Institute of Standards and Technology

377

National Institute of Standards and Technology Technology Administration U.S. Department of Commerce December 2006  

E-print Network

-893 Todd A. Watkins Theodore W. Schlie #12;ABOUT ATP'S ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT OFFICE The Advanced Technology Office, Advanced Technology Program · By writing: Economic Assessment Office, Advanced Technology Program Office Advanced Technology Program National Institute of Standards and Technology Gaithersburg, MD 20899

378

National Standards for Family and Consumer Sciences Education: Perceptions of Parents, Professionals, and Vocational Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responses from 71 parents, 147 education professionals, and 199 vocational administrators found general support for teaching the National Standards for Family and Consumer Sciences. More people thought content areas should be taught than believed they were being taught. (Includes commentary by Rosa S. Purcell.) (SK)

Smith, Bettye P.; Hall, Helen C.; Jones, Karen H.

2001-01-01

379

"GFL2"! The Updated "Geography for Life: National Geography Standards, Second Edition"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Geography for Life: National Geography Standards, Second Edition" ("GFL2") is the recently released update of the original edition published in 1994. The original edition of "Geography for Life" provided excellent guidance on geographic content for teachers, curriculum designers, publishers, and pre-service teachers as well as many other…

Heffron, Susan Gallagher

2012-01-01

380

Prospects for Teaching Historical Analysis and Interpretation: National Curriculum Standards for History Meet Current History Textbooks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines to what extent representative history textbooks used in American high schools encourage development of historical analysis and interpretation, one of five standards issued by the National Center for History in the Schools. Treatment of the Aztec Empire and the Cold War varied widely in the four textbooks studied. All texts failed the new…

Foster, Stuart; And Others

1996-01-01

381

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop Agenda  

E-print Network

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop Agenda U: Director, NIST, Dr. Patrick Gallagher Overview of NIST mission and role in the context of Cloud Computing 9 government with respect to Cloud Computing 10:00 Break (main lobby) 10:20 Industry Panel: co-chairs William

382

Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop III Agenda National Institute of Standards and Technology  

E-print Network

Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop III Agenda National Institute of Standards and Technology 100 of IT and Telecommunications Industries, World Economic Forum USA 9:30 ­ 10:20 Cloud Computing: Adopters' Long-term View, Panel Computing Program & Forum (10 min Q&A) Dawn Leaf, NIST Senior Executive for Cloud Computing 10:50 ­ 11

383

National Set of Hydrogen Codes and Standards for the US (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

The US has a national set of codes and standards that address the use of hydrogen technologies. These documents are published by several organizations and are not all directly adopted by government authorities. The US Department of Energy (DOE) has acted as the central organizing group to identify these documents and present them as a coherent and integrated set of requirements.

Rivkin, C. H.

2009-09-16

384

Determinants of maternity health care utilization in Tajikistan: Learning from a national living standards survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the demographic, economic, social, and geographic factors that help explain maternity health care utilization in Tajikistan, a low-income transitional country in Central Asia, based on a newly available nationally representative living standard survey. Two regression models, namely, a binomial logit model and a zero-inflated negative binomial (ZINB) model are estimated. The estimations of the two models show

Lida Fan; Nazim N. Habibov

2009-01-01

385

Canyon air flow measurement utilizing ASME standard pitot tube arrays  

SciTech Connect

The Savannah River Site produces nuclear materials for national defense. In addition to nuclear reactors, the site has separation facilities for reprocessing irradiated nuclear fuel. The chemical separation of highly radioactive materials takes place by remote control in large buildings called canyons. Personnel in these buildings are shielded from radiation by thick concrete walls. Contaminated air is exhausted from the canyons and contaminants are removed by sand filters prior to release to the atmosphere through a stack. When these facilities were built on a crash basis in the early 1950's, inadequate means were provided for pressure and air flow measurement. This presentation describes the challenge we faced in retrofitting a highly radioactive, heavily shielded facility with instrumentation to provide this capability.

Moncrief, B.R.

1990-01-01

386

Educational Equity and Adequacy for Disadvantaged Minority Students: School and Teacher Resource Gaps Toward National Mathematics Proficiency Standard  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study addresses the issue of educational inadequacy and inequity for disadvantaged minority students. It estimates desired national standards and examines interrelated gaps in key school–teacher resources and mathematics achievement by linking national education data sets (National Assessment of Educational Progress [NAEP], Common Core of Data, and Schools and Staffing Survey). Although poor minority students’ chances to meet the national

Jaekyung Lee

2012-01-01

387

40 CFR 50.4 - National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). 50.4 Section 50.4 Protection...quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). (a) The level of the annual...measured in the ambient air as sulfur dioxide by the reference method described...

2012-07-01

388

40 CFR 50.5 - National secondary ambient air quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). 50.5 Section 50.5 Protection...quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). (a) The level of the 3-hour...measured in the ambient air as sulfur dioxide by the reference method described...

2013-07-01

389

40 CFR 50.4 - National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). 50.4 Section 50.4 Protection...quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). Link to an amendment published...measured in the ambient air as sulfur dioxide by the reference method described...

2010-07-01

390

40 CFR 50.5 - National secondary ambient air quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). 50.5 Section 50.5 Protection...quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). (a) The level of the 3-hour...measured in the ambient air as sulfur dioxide by the reference method described...

2010-07-01

391

40 CFR 50.5 - National secondary ambient air quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). 50.5 Section 50.5 Protection...quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). (a) The level of the 3-hour...measured in the ambient air as sulfur dioxide by the reference method described...

2011-07-01

392

40 CFR 50.4 - National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). 50.4 Section 50.4 Protection...quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). (a) The level of the annual...measured in the ambient air as sulfur dioxide by the reference method described...

2013-07-01

393

40 CFR 50.5 - National secondary ambient air quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). 50.5 Section 50.5 Protection...quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). (a) The level of the 3-hour...measured in the ambient air as sulfur dioxide by the reference method described...

2012-07-01

394

40 CFR 50.4 - National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). 50.4 Section 50.4 Protection...quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). (a) The level of the annual...measured in the ambient air as sulfur dioxide by the reference method described...

2011-07-01

395

77 FR 34221 - Air Quality Designations for the 2008 Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Several...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2060-AR56 Air Quality Designations for the 2008 Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards for...ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) for ozone. On April 30, 2012, the EPA promulgated the initial ozone air quality designations for all areas...

2012-06-11

396

Nutrition Standards and Meal Requirements for National School Lunch and Breakfast Programs: Phase I. Proposed Approach for Recommending Revisions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Nutrition Standards and Meal Requirements provide the foundation for the National School Lunch Program and the School Breakfast Program, but much has happened since the standards and requirements were last set in 1995. Substantial changes have been made i...

C. L. Taylor, V. A. Stallings

2008-01-01

397

75 FR 44790 - Second Draft Document Related to the Review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Air Quality Standards for Particulate Matter AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency...Assessment for the Review of the Particulate Matter National Ambient Air Quality Standards...This chapter is based on the Particulate Matter Urban-Focused Visibility...

2010-07-29

398

66 FR 16318 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Source Categories: General...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...regardless of when the portion of the source affected by the standard (the affected source) actually commenced construction...of the NESHAP). This would cause affected sources to unnecessarily retrofit new source control measures on...

2001-03-23

399

48 CFR 9904.412 - Cost accounting standard for composition and measurement of pension cost.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost accounting standard for composition and measurement...Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL...BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS COST ACCOUNTING...

2010-10-01

400

48 CFR 9904.412 - Cost accounting standard for composition and measurement of pension cost.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2012-10-01 true Cost accounting standard for composition and measurement...Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL...BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS COST ACCOUNTING...

2013-10-01

401

48 CFR 9904.412 - Cost accounting standard for composition and measurement of pension cost.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Cost accounting standard for composition and measurement...Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL...BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS COST ACCOUNTING...

2012-10-01

402

Aligning science assessment items from the Iowa Testing Program batteries and the State Collaborative on Assessment and Student Standards with the National Science Education Content Standards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research study determined the nature and extent of alignment between science content standards and standardized assessments used to measure science proficiency. The alignment process involved external expert blind review and document analysis. Documents reviewed included the National Science Education Content Standards (NSECS), the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (ITBS), the Iowa Tests of Educational Development (ITED) and the State Collaborative on Assessment and Student Standards (SCASS). Webb's alignment criteria of Categorical Concurrence, Depth of Knowledge, Range of Knowledge Correspondance and Balance of Representation were used to determine acceptable alignment. A pilot study was conducted on Form B ITBS and ITED items and Phase II SCASS items. Inter-rater reliability was determined and consensus building dialogs were conducted. The three research questions were: What is the nature and extent of alignment between the NSECS and Form A ITBS, Levels 9--14? What is the nature and extent of alignment between the NSECS and Form ITED, Levels 15--17/18? What is the nature and extent of alignment between the NSECS and Phase III SCASS Science items? The major findings indicated that none of the assessments had comprehensive alignment of all of the NSECS. However, most did have acceptable categorical concurrence with Science as Inquiry, Physical Science, Life Science, Earth and Space Science. Most did not have acceptable Categorical Concurrence with Science and Technology, Science in Personal and Social Perspectives and History and Nature of Science. More than half of the assessment items were categorized Beyond Knowledge level of Bloom's Taxonomy (Depth of Knowledge). Of the standards with acceptable Categorical Concurrence between 43% and 86% of the fundamental components aligned (Range of Knowledge Correspondence). And the Index of Balance of representation indicated an equal distribution of the items across all of the fundamental components of the NSECS with acceptable alignment. Further implications and future research questions, in addition to an elaboration of the fundamental components assessed by each standardized assessment analyzed are explored in the paper.

Larson, Erica Dee

403

The 77th National Conference on Weights and Measures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 77th Annual Meeting of the National Conference on Weights and Measures (NCWM) was held July 19 through 23, 1992, at the Stouffer Nashville Hotel in Nashville, Tennessee. The theme of the meeting was 'Partnerships for Progress'. Reports by the standing and annual committees of the conference comprise the major portion of the publication, along with the addresses delivered by conference officials and other authorities from government and industry. Special meetings included those of the metrologists, the Associate Membership Committee, the Retired Officials Committee, the Scale Manufacturers' Association, the American Petroleum Institute, the Industry Committee on Packaging and Labeling, the regional weights and measure associations, and the National Association of State Departments of Agriculture Weights and Measures Division, and the National Council on State Metrication.

Brickenkamp, Carroll S.; Turner, Ann H.

1992-10-01

404

Advanced birefringence measurements in standard terahertz time-domain spectroscopy.  

PubMed

Polarization-sensitive (PS) terahertz (THz) technology can be used for investigating anisotropic materials that are opaque for visible light. A full characterization of an anisotropic material requires the extraction of the birefringence as well as the orientation of the optical axis from the measurement data. We present an approach based on THz time-domain spectroscopy (TDS) that exploits the spectral content of the THz signal for determining these two parameters from only two measurements. In contrast to an earlier approach with a more sophisticated PS-THz system and quasi-circularly polarized THz radiation, now a simple standard THz-TDS system can be employed. After a description of the mathematical model for data analysis we demonstrate the applicability of our method for a lithium niobate crystal and furthermore for a glass-fiber reinforced polymer sample, for which the orientation of the optical axis and birefringence are obtained in a spatially resolved way, showing the potential of the method also for PS-THz imaging. As no specialized setup or components are required, our approach can be easily and extensively applied for the analysis of anisotropic samples at THz frequencies. PMID:24922202

Pfleger, Michael; Roitner, Heinz; Pühringer, Harald; Wiesauer, Karin; Grün, Hubert; Katletz, Stefan

2014-05-20

405

1997 Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) -- Radionuclides annual report  

SciTech Connect

Under Section 61.94 of Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 61, Subpart H, National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other Than Radon From Department of Energy Facilities, each Department of Energy (DOE) facility must submit an annual report documenting compliance. This report addresses the Section 61.94 reporting requirements for operations at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for calendar year (CY) 1997. Section 1 of this report provides an overview of the INEEL facilities and a brief description of the radioactive materials and processes at the facilities. Section 2 identifies radioactive air effluent release points and diffuse sources at the INEEL and actual releases during 1997. Section 2 also describes the effluent control systems for each potential release point. Section 3 provides the methodology and EDE calculations for 1997 INEEL radioactive emissions.

NONE

1998-06-01

406

National Science Education Standards as a Catalyst for Change: The Essential Role of Professional Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Standards have become a part of the educational landscape. In this chapter, we survey the origins of national standards; reflect on their power, in particular those in science education; and examine the role professional development must play if standards are to realize their potential to truly transform education. The link between standards and professional development is essential: Knowing where one needs to go is only the first step. Building the capacity for continuous learning for all students--a capacity needed to take us well into the 21st century--must follow. This free selection also includes a Foreword, Preface, an About the Editors page, the Table of Contents, and an Introduction section.

Bybee, Rodger W.; Loucks-Horsely, Susan

2001-01-01

407

Overview of Highly Accurate RF and Optical Frequency Standards at the National Research Council of Canada  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe progress towards ultra-accurate and stable standards of frequency and time at the National Research Council of Canada (NRC). Emphasis is placed on the research associated with creating a reliable and workable optical frequency standard and secondary realization of the second based on a single trapped and laser cooled ion of strontium at 445 THz. Work is described on recent results of probe resolution, stability, and the ability to connect this reference frequency with existing and developed RF standards at NRC. An overview is also presented of the group's progress in the development of a Cs fountain based standard for the realization of the second and upcoming determinations of the reference single ion frequency.

Madej, A. A.; Bernard, J. E.; Dubé, P.; Marmet, L.

2009-04-01

408

National and international drawing standards: moving toward better alignment with Y14. 5  

SciTech Connect

The task of revising the national standard on Dimensioning and Tolerancing, begun seven years ago, required close coordination between the Y14.5 Subcommittee and the US expert members who participated in related activities of the International Organization for Standardization. The revised drawing standard about to be issued reflects additional international alignments in areas of metrication, symbology, and conventions. Differences remain in the prescribed symbol for indicating a datum feature and in a Principle of Independency, the latter unacceptably absolving size limits from controlling the geometric form of an individual feature. More US member experts will be needed on the Y14.5 Subcommittee to uphold US viewpoints in the writing of international drawing standards of a pragmatic kind.

Nicovich, P.A.

1980-01-01

409

Dying in two acute hospitals: would usual care meet Australian national clinical standards?  

PubMed

The Australian Commission for Quality and Safety in Health Care (ACQSHC) has articulated 10 clinical standards with the aim of improving the consistency of quality healthcare delivery. Currently, the majority of Australians die in acute hospitals. But despite this, no agreed standard of care exists to define the minimum standard of care that people should accept in the final hours to days of life. As a result, there is limited capacity to conduct audits that focus on the gap between current care and recommended care. There is, however, accumulating evidence in the end of life literature to define which aspects of care are likely to be considered most important to those people facing imminent death. These themes offer standards against which to conduct audits. This is very apt given the national recommendation that healthcare should be delivered in the context of considering people's wishes while always treating people with dignity and respect. PMID:24589365

Clark, Katherine; Byfieldt, Naomi; Green, Malcolm; Saul, Peter; Lack, Jill; Philips, Jane L

2014-05-01

410

Social Responsibility Standards: A Quick Glimpse Although efforts to establish measurements, standards and certifications related to  

E-print Network

and is heavily engaged in working in collaboration with regulators of the organic trade: ISO Standard 24000--Social Responsibility: The International Organization't be a certification standard. FOOD LABELING Fairtrade Labelling Organizations

Aalberts, Daniel P.

411

Public Library Standards for Kansas, Measurements of Quality. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The periodic review and development of public library standards are undertaken by the Kansas State Library to best serve the public interest by insuring the quality of the state's public libraries. Standards are defined for the structure and governance of libraries. Service objectives and standards for automation and technology are defined.…

Kansas State Library, Topeka.

412

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS DPA). Student Guide, Grade 8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS), a Standards-Based test, provides educators and the public with valuable information regarding the progress of Arizona's students toward mastering Arizona's reading, writing and mathematics Standards. This specific test, Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards Dual Purpose Assessment (AIMS DPA) is…

Arizona Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

413

Evaluation of uncertainties in femtoampere current measurement for the number concentration standard of aerosol nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We evaluated uncertainties in current measurement by the electrometer at the current level on the order of femtoamperes. The electrometer was the one used in the Faraday-cup aerosol electrometer of the Japanese national standard for number concentration of aerosol nanoparticles in which the accuracy of the absolute current is not required, but the net current which is obtained as the difference in currents under two different conditions must be measured accurately. The evaluation was done experimentally at the current level of 20 fA, which was much smaller than the intervals between the electrometer's calibration points at +1, +0.5, -0.5 and -1 pA. The slope of the response curve for the relationship between the 'true' and measured current, which is crucial in the above measurement, was evaluated locally at many different points within the ±1 pA range for deviation from the slope determined by a linear regression of the calibration data. The sum of the current induced by a flow of charged particles and a bias current from a current-source instrument was measured by the electrometer while the particle current was toggled on and off. The net particle current was obtained as the difference in the measured currents between the toggling, while at the same time the current was estimated from the particle concentration read by a condensation particle counter. The local slope was calculated as the ratio of the measured to estimated currents at each bias current setting. The standard deviation of the local slope values observed at varied bias currents was about 0.003, which was calculated by analysis of variance (ANOVA) for the treatment of the bias current. The combined standard uncertainty of the slope, which was calculated from the uncertainty of the slope by linear regression and the variability of the slope, was calculated to be about 0.004.

Sakurai, Hiromu; Ehara, Kensei

2011-02-01

414

20 CFR 669.500 - What performance measures and standards apply to the NFJP?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... What performance measures and standards apply to the NFJP? 669.500... What performance measures and standards apply to the NFJP? (a) The NFJP will use the core indicators of performance common to the adult and youth...

2013-04-01

415

20 CFR 669.500 - What performance measures and standards apply to the NFJP?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... What performance measures and standards apply to the NFJP? 669.500... What performance measures and standards apply to the NFJP? (a) The NFJP will use the core indicators of performance common to the adult and youth...

2012-04-01

416

20 CFR 669.500 - What performance measures and standards apply to the NFJP?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... What performance measures and standards apply to the NFJP? 669.500... What performance measures and standards apply to the NFJP? (a) The NFJP will use the core indicators of performance common to the adult and youth...

2011-04-01

417

20 CFR 669.500 - What performance measures and standards apply to the NFJP?  

... What performance measures and standards apply to the NFJP? 669.500... What performance measures and standards apply to the NFJP? (a) The NFJP will use the core indicators of performance common to the adult and youth...

2014-04-01

418

20 CFR 669.500 - What performance measures and standards apply to the NFJP?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... What performance measures and standards apply to the NFJP? 669.500... What performance measures and standards apply to the NFJP? (a) The NFJP will use the core indicators of performance common to the adult and youth...

2010-04-01

419

38 CFR 21.7672 - Measurement of courses not leading to a standard college degree.  

... 2014-07-01 false Measurement of courses not leading to a standard college degree...Assistance for Members of the Selected Reserve Course Assessment § 21.7672 Measurement of courses not leading to a standard college...

2014-07-01

420

38 CFR 21.7670 - Measurement of courses leading to a standard, undergraduate college degree.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false Measurement of courses leading to a standard, undergraduate college...Assistance for Members of the Selected Reserve Course Assessment § 21.7670 Measurement of courses leading to a standard, undergraduate...

2011-07-01

421

38 CFR 21.7670 - Measurement of courses leading to a standard, undergraduate college degree.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Measurement of courses leading to a standard, undergraduate college...Assistance for Members of the Selected Reserve Course Assessment § 21.7670 Measurement of courses leading to a standard, undergraduate...

2013-07-01

422

38 CFR 21.7670 - Measurement of courses leading to a standard, undergraduate college degree.  

... 2014-07-01 false Measurement of courses leading to a standard, undergraduate college...Assistance for Members of the Selected Reserve Course Assessment § 21.7670 Measurement of courses leading to a standard, undergraduate...

2014-07-01

423

38 CFR 21.7670 - Measurement of courses leading to a standard, undergraduate college degree.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 false Measurement of courses leading to a standard, undergraduate college...Assistance for Members of the Selected Reserve Course Assessment § 21.7670 Measurement of courses leading to a standard, undergraduate...

2012-07-01

424

Defining indicators and standards for tourism impacts in protected areas: Cape Range National Park, Australia.  

PubMed

Visitors' perceptions of impacts and acceptable standards for environmental conditions can provide essential information for the sustainable management of tourist destinations, especially protected areas. To this end, visitor surveys were administered during the peak visitor season in Cape Range National Park, on the northwest coast of Western Australia and adjacent to the iconic Ningaloo Reef. The central focus was visitors' perceptions regarding environmental conditions and standards for potential indicators. Conditions considered of greatest importance in determining visitors' quality of experience included litter, inadequate disposal of human waste, presence of wildlife, levels of noise, and access to beach and ocean. Standards were determined, based on visitors' perceptions, for a range of site-specific and non-site-specific indicators, with standards for facilities (e.g., acceptable number of parking bays, signs) and for negative environmental impacts (e.g., levels of littering, erosion) sought. The proposed standards varied significantly between sites for the facilities indicators; however, there was no significant difference between sites for environmental impacts. For the facilities, the standards proposed by visitors were closely related to the existing situation, suggesting that they were satisfied with the status quo. These results are considered in the context of current research interest in the efficacy of visitor-derived standards as a basis for protected area management. PMID:17203342

Moore, Susan A; Polley, Amanda

2007-03-01

425

40 CFR Appendix H to Part 50 - Interpretation of the 1-Hour Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone H Appendix H to Part 50 Protection...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone 1. General This appendix explains...the “Guideline for Interpretation of Ozone Air Quality Standards.” For purposes...

2011-07-01

426

40 CFR Appendix H to Part 50 - Interpretation of the 1-Hour Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone H Appendix H to Part 50 Protection...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone 1. General This appendix explains...the “Guideline for Interpretation of Ozone Air Quality Standards.” For purposes...

2010-07-01

427

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Global Precipitation Measurement  

E-print Network

through the atmosphere, scientists can create global maps of latent heat estimates. Credit:NASA The waterNational Aeronautics and Space Administration Global Precipitation Measurement Core Observatory #12 have tried to manage the intricate balance between having too much or too little water. Nearly every

Waliser, Duane E.

428

Measuring Up 2004: The National Report Card on Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report card, third in a series of biennial report cards on higher education, consists of a national report card and 50 state report cards. Measuring Up 2004 evaluates state performance in six categories, and for the first time, compares each state's current results with its own performance a decade ago. Contents include: (1) Foreword (James…

National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, 2004

2004-01-01

429

Recent issues on development of reference materials and standardized tests of optical methods of strain measurement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for standards in optical methods of strain measurement has been discussed previously and attention has switched to the creation of reference materials and standardised tests. Reference materials provide a means of calibrating a measurement system by comparison to a standard that is traceable to an international standard. In this way an unbroken chain of comparisons between the measurement

Richard Burguete; Erwin Hack; Malgorzata Kujawinska; Eann Patterson; Leszek Salbut; Quasim Saleem; Thorsten Siebert; Maurice Whelan

2005-01-01

430

ANNOUNCEMENT OF FEDERAL FUNDING OPPORTUNITY (FFO) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Research Experience for Teachers  

E-print Network

1 01/17/12 ANNOUNCEMENT OF FEDERAL FUNDING OPPORTUNITY (FFO) National Institute of Standards: National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States Department of Commerce (DoC) · Funding · Funding Opportunity Number: 2013-NIST-RET-01 · Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Number: 11

Magee, Joseph W.

431

ANNOUNCEMENT OF FEDERAL FUNDING OPPORTUNITY (FFO) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Research Experience for Teachers  

E-print Network

1 01/18/13 ANNOUNCEMENT OF FEDERAL FUNDING OPPORTUNITY (FFO) National Institute of Standards: National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States Department of Commerce (DoC) Funding Funding Opportunity Number: 2013-NIST-RET-01 Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Number: 11

Magee, Joseph W.

432

77 FR 64036 - Determination of Attainment of the 1-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards in the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9741-8] Determination of Attainment of the 1-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality...is determining that the Sacramento Metro 1-hour ozone nonattainment area (Sacramento...revoked National Ambient Air Quality Standard (1-hour ozone NAAQS or standard), and...

2012-10-18

433

The National Conference onThe National Conference on Weights and Measures:Weights and Measures  

E-print Network

, trade associations and consumer organizations to hear and discuss subjects that relate to the weights organization for the weights and measures regulatory agencies of U.S. states, counties and cities as well groups to foster uniformity in weights and measures requirements and to facilitate trade. #12

434

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants - Radionuclide Emissions Calendar Year 2012  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Field Office (NNSA/NFO) operates the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) and North Las Vegas Facility (NLVF). From 1951 through 1992, the NNSS was the continental testing location for U.S. nuclear weapons. The release of radionuclides from NNSS activities has been monitored since the initiation of atmospheric testing. Limitation to underground detonations after 1962 greatly reduced radiation exposure to the public surrounding the NNSS. After nuclear testing ended in 1992, NNSS radiation monitoring focused on detecting airborne radionuclides from historically contaminated soils. These radionuclides are derived from re-suspension of soil (primarily by wind) and emission of tritium-contaminated soil moisture through evapotranspiration. Low amounts of legacy-related tritium are also emitted to air at the NLVF, an NNSS support complex in North Las Vegas. To protect the public from harmful levels of man-made radiation, the Clean Air Act, National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) (Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations [CFR] Part 61 Subpart H) (CFR 2010a) limits the release of radioactivity from a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) facility to that which would cause 10 millirem per year (mrem/yr) effective dose equivalent to any member of the public. This limit does not include radiation unrelated to NNSS activities. Unrelated doses could come from naturally occurring radioactive elements, from sources such as medically or commercially used radionuclides, or from sources outside of the United States, such as the damaged Fukushima nuclear power plant in Japan in 2011. NNSA/NFO demonstrates compliance with the NESHAP limit by using environmental measurements of radionuclide air concentrations at critical receptor locations on the NNSS (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency [EPA] and DOE 1995). This method was approved by the EPA for use on the NNSS in 2001 (EPA 2001a) and has been the sole method used since 2005. Six locations on the NNSS have been established to act as critical receptor locations to demonstrate compliance with the NESHAP limit. These locations are actually pseudo-critical receptor stations, because no member of the public actually resides at these onsite locations. Compliance is demonstrated if the measured annual average concentration is less than the NESHAP Concentration Levels (CLs) for Environmental Compliance listed in 40 CFR 61, Appendix E, Table 2 (CFR 2010a). For multiple radionuclides, compliance is demonstrated when the sum of the fractions (determined by dividing each radionuclide’s concentration by its CL and then adding the fractions together) is less than 1.0. In 2012, the potential dose from radiological emissions to air, resulting from both current and past NNSS activities, was well below the 10 mrem/yr dose limit. Air sampling data collected at all air monitoring stations had average concentrations of radioactivity that were a fraction of the CL values. Concentrations ranged from less than 0.5% to a maximum of 11.1% of the allowed NESHAP limit. Because the nearest member of the public resides about 9 kilometers from potential release points on the NNSS, dose to the public would be only a small fraction of the value measured on the NNSS. The potential dose to the public from NLVF emissions was also very low at 0.000024 mrem/yr, more than 400,000 times lower than the 10 mrem/yr limit.

Warren, R.

2013-06-10

435

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants - Radionuclide Emissions, Calendar Year 2011  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office operates the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) and North Las Vegas Facility (NLVF). From 1951 through 1992, the NNSS was the continental testing location for U.S. nuclear weapons. The release of radionuclides from NNSS activities has been monitored since the initiation of atmospheric testing. Limitation to underground detonations after 1962 greatly reduced radiation exposure to the public surrounding the NNSS. After nuclear testing ended in 1992, NNSS radiation monitoring focused on detecting airborne radionuclides from historically contaminated soils. These radionuclides are derived from re-suspension of soil (primarily by wind) and emission of tritium-contaminated soil moisture through evapotranspiration. Low amounts of legacy-related tritium are also emitted to air at the NLVF, an NNSS support complex in North Las Vegas. To protect the public from harmful levels of man-made radiation, the Clean Air Act, National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) (Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations [CFR] Part 61 Subpart H) limits the release of radioactivity from a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) facility to that which would cause 10 millirem per year (mrem/yr) effective dose equivalent to any member of the public. This limit does not include radiation unrelated to NNSS activities. Unrelated doses could come from naturally occurring radioactive elements, from sources such as medically or commercially used radionuclides, or from sources outside of the United States, such as the damaged Fukushima nuclear power plant in Japan. Radionuclides from the Fukushima nuclear power plant were detected at the NNSS in March 2011 and are discussed further in Section III. The NNSS demonstrates compliance with the NESHAP limit by using environmental measurements of radionuclide air concentrations at critical receptor locations. This method was approved by the EPA for use on the NNSS in 2001 and has been the sole method used since 2005. Six locations on the NNSS have been established to act as critical receptor locations to demonstrate compliance with the NESHAP limit. These locations are actually pseudo-critical receptor stations, because no member of the public actually resides at these onsite locations. Compliance is demonstrated if the measured annual average concentration is less than the NESHAP Concentration Levels (CLs) for Environmental Compliance listed in 40 CFR 61, Appendix E, Table 2. For multiple radionuclides, compliance is demonstrated when the sum of the fractions (determined by dividing each radionuclide's concentration by its CL and then adding the fractions together) is less than 1.0. In 2011, the potential dose from radiological emissions to air, resulting from both current and past NNSS activities, at onsite compliance monitoring stations was well below the 10 mrem/yr dose limit. Air sampling data collected at all air monitoring stations had average concentrations of radioactivity that were a fraction of the CL values. Concentrations ranged from less than 1% to a maximum of 12.2% of the allowed NESHAP limit. Because the nearest member of the public resides about 20 kilometers from potential release points on the NNSS, dose to the public would be only a small fraction of the value measured on the NNSS. The potential dose to the public from NLVF emissions was also very low at 0.000024 mrem/yr, more than 400,000 times lower than the 10 mrem/yr limit.

NSTec Ecological and Environmental Monitoring

2012-06-19

436

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants - Radionuclide Emissions, Calendar Year 2010  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office operates the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS, formerly the Nevada Test Site) and North Las Vegas Facility (NLVF). From 1951 through 1992, the NNSS was the continental testing location for U.S. nuclear weapons. The release of radionuclides from NNSS activities has been monitored since the initiation of atmospheric testing. Limitation to underground detonations after 1962 greatly reduced radiation exposure to the public surrounding the NNSS. After nuclear testing ended in 1992, NNSS radiation monitoring focused on detecting airborne radionuclides from historically contaminated soils. These radionuclides are derived from re-suspension of soil (primarily by wind) and emission of tritium-contaminated soil moisture through evapotranspiration. Low amounts of tritium are also emitted to air at the NLVF, an NNSS support complex in North Las Vegas. To protect the public from harmful levels of man-made radiation, the Clean Air Act, National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) (Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations [CFR] Part 61 Subpart H) (CFR, 2010a) limits the release of radioactivity from a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) facility to that which would cause 10 millirem per year (mrem/yr) effective dose equivalent to any member of the public. This limit does not include radiation unrelated to NNSS activities. Unrelated doses could come from naturally occurring radioactive elements, from sources such as medically or commercially used radionuclides, or from sources outside of the United States, such as those from the damaged Fukushima nuclear power plant in Japan. Because this report is intended to discuss radioactive air emissions during calendar year 2010, data on radionuclides in air from the 2011 Fukushima nuclear power plant releases are not presented but will be included in the report for calendar year 2011. The NNSS demonstrates compliance with the NESHAP limit by using environmental measurements of radionuclide air concentrations at critical receptor locations (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency [EPA] and DOE, 1995). This method was approved by the EPA for use on the NNSS in 2001(EPA, 2001a) and has been the sole method used since 2005. Six locations on the NNSS have been established to act as critical receptor locations to demonstrate compliance with the NESHAP limit. These locations are actually pseudo-critical receptor stations, because no member of the public actually resides at these onsite locations. Compliance is demonstrated if the measured annual average concentration is less than the NESHAP Concentration Levels (CLs) for Environmental Compliance listed in 40 CFR 61, Appendix E, Table 2 (CFR, 2010a). For multiple radionuclides, compliance is demonstrated when the sum of the fractions (determined by dividing each radionuclide's concentration by its CL and then adding the fractions together) is less than 1.0. In 2010, the potential dose from radiological emissions to air, resulting from both current and past NNSS activities, at onsite compliance monitoring stations was well below the 10 mrem/yr dose limit. Air sampling data collected at all air monitoring stations had average concentrations of radioactivity that were a fraction of the CL values. Concentrations ranged from less than 1 percent to a maximum of 17 percent of the allowed NESHAP limit. Because the nearest member of the public resides about 20 kilometers from potential release points on the NNSS, dose to the public would be only a small fraction of that measured on the NNSS. The potential dose to the public from NLVF emissions was also very low at 0.000032 mrem/yr, more than 300,000 times lower than the 10 mrem/yr limit.

NSTec Ecological and Environmental Monitoring

2011-06-30

437

Nevada Test Site National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Calendar Year 2007  

SciTech Connect

The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is operated by the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office. From 1951 through 1992, the NTS was operated as the nation's site for nuclear weapons testing. The release of man-made radionuclides from the NTS as a result of testing activities has been monitored since the first decade of atmospheric testing. After 1962, when nuclear tests were conducted only underground, the radiation exposure to the public surrounding the NTS was greatly reduced. After the 1992 moratorium on nuclear testing, radiation monitoring on the NTS focused on detecting airborne radionuclides which come from historically contaminated soils resuspended into the air (e.g., by winds) and tritium-contaminated soil moisture emitted to the air from soils through evapotranspiration. To protect the public from harmful levels of man-made radiation, the Clean Air Act, National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) (Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations [CFR] Part 61 Subpart H) limits the release of radioactivity from a U.S. Department of Energy facility (e.g., the NTS) to 10 millirem per year (mrem/yr) effective dose equivalent to any member of the public. This is the dose limit established for someone living off of the NTS from radionuclides emitted to air from the NTS. This limit does not include the radiation doses that members of the public may receive through the intake of radioactive particles unrelated to NTS activities, such as those that come from naturally occurring elements in the environment (e.g., naturally occurring radionuclides in soil or radon gas from the earth or natural building materials), or from other man-made sources (e.g., medical treatments). The NTS demonstrates compliance using environmental measurements of radionuclide air concentrations at critical receptor locations. This method was approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for use on the NTS in 2001 and has been the sole method used since 2005. There are six critical receptor locations on the NTS that are actually pseudocritical receptor locations because they are hypothetical receptor locations; no person actually resides at these onsite locations. Annual average concentrations of detected radionuclides are compared with Concentration Levels (CL) for Environmental Compliance values listed in 40 CFR 61, Appendix E, Table 2. Compliance is demonstrated if the sum of fractions (CL/measured concentrations) of all detected radionuclides at each pseudo-critical receptor location is less than one. In 2007, as in all previous years for which this report has been produced, the NTS has demonstrated that the potential dose to the public from radiological emissions to air from current and past NTS activities is well below the 10 mrem/yr dose limit. Air sampling data collected onsite at each of the six pseudo-critical receptor stations on the NTS had average concentrations of nuclear test-related radioactivity that were a fraction of the limits listed in Table 2 in Appendix E of 40 CFR 61. They ranged from less than 1 percent to a maximum of 20 percent of the allowed NESHAP limit. Because the nearest member of the public resides approximately 20 kilometers (12 miles) from the NTS boundary, concentrations at this location would be only a small fraction of that measured on the NTS.

Robert Grossman; Ronald Warren

2008-06-01

438

Nanosatellite standardization and modularization as an asset to space weather measurements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The continuity of measurements from satellites in the Magnetosphere and Ionosphere is essential for the space weather community as pointed out by the US National Space Weather Program. Challenges to space budgets and the growing dependence upon space weather prediction have opened the door for extremely small satellites to play a large role in making these measurements. Standardization allows for modularity and the ability to lower satellite cost by reusing instrumentation and satellite systems without redesigning interfaces. Use of nanosatellites gives a designer the freedom to depart from the customary larger satellite design by deploying standardized interfaces throughout the spacecraft bus. Examples from the Boston University Student Satellite for Application and Training (BUSAT), the Thunderstorms and Effects Scientific and Technology nanosatellite (TEST), and the Loss Cone Imaging Instrument (LCI) will be provided. BUSAT is a five instrument nanosatellite with a nine pixel Imaging Electron Spectrometer, a Magnetometer, an Auroral Imager, a Very Low Frequency receiver, and a Langmuir Plasma Probe. Its purpose is to further the understanding of the coupling between energetic particles originating in the magnetosphere and their subsequent effects on the Ionosphere. In addition to their space weather science objective, BUSAT’s subsystems are based on the Cubesat concept and have been standardized, enabling them to be stacked in any orientation. Subsystems are not limited in size to the basic 1U cube, but are able to be any multiple of that size in any direction.

Voss, D.; Carssow, D.; Fritz, T. A.; Voss, H. D.

2009-12-01

439

Teacher Perception of the Alignment of Enhancing Missouri's Instructional Networked Teaching Strategies (eMINTS) with the National Staff Development Council (NSDC) Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used the National Staff Development Council (NSDC) standards for staff development as a framework for measuring specific aspects of the enhancing Missouri's Instructional Networked Teaching Strategies (eMINTS) educational technology professional development program, as perceived by eMINTS teachers. The Technology Integration Cycle…

Stanfill, Diana L.

2010-01-01

440

Breast Composition Measurements Using Retrospective Standard Mammogram Form (SMF)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The standard mammogram form (SMF) representation of an x-ray mammogram is a standardized, quantitative representation of the breast from which the volume of non-fat tissue and breast density can be easily estimated, both of which are of significant interest in determining breast cancer risk. Previous theoretical analysis of SMF had suggested that a complete and substantial set of calibration data

Ralph Highnam; Xia-Bo Pan; Ruth Warren; Mona Jeffreys; George Davey Smith; Michael Brady

2006-01-01

441

Educational Equity and Adequacy for Disadvantaged Minority Students: School and Teacher Resource Gaps toward National Mathematics Proficiency Standard  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study addresses the issue of educational inadequacy and inequity for disadvantaged minority students. It estimates desired national standards and examines interrelated gaps in key school-teacher resources and mathematics achievement by linking national education data sets (National Assessment of Educational Progress [NAEP], Common Core of…

Lee, Jaekyung

2012-01-01

442

75 FR 43933 - Request for nominations for members to serve on National Institute of Standards and Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) invites and requests nomination of individuals for appointment to its nine existing Federal Advisory Committees: Technology Innovation Program Advisory Board, Board of Overseers of the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award, Judges Panel of the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award, Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board,......

2010-07-27

443

Cervical cancer risk levels in Turkey and compliance to the national cervical cancer screening standard.  

PubMed

Cervical cancer screening with Pap smear test is a cost-effective method. The Ministry of Health in Turkey recommends that it be performed once every five years after age 35. The purpose of this study was to determine the cervical cancer risk levels of women between 35 and 69, and the intervals they have the Pap smear test, and to investigate the relation between the two. This study was performed on 227 women aged between 35 and 69 living in Balçova District of ?zmir province. Using the cervical cancer risk index program of Harvard School of Public Health, the cervical cancer risk level of 70% of the women was found below average, 22.1% average, and 7.9% above average. Only 52% of the women have had Pap smear test at least once in their lives. The percentage screening regularly in conformity with the national screening standard was 39.2%. Women in the 40-49 age group, were married, conformed significantly more (p<0.05) to the national screening standard. Compliance also increased with the level of education and decreased with the cervical cancer risk level (p<0.05). A logistic regression model was constructed including age, education level, menstruation state of the women and the economic level of the family. Not having the Pap smear test in conformity with the national cervical cancer screening standard in 35-39 age group was 2.52 times more than 40-49 age group, while it was 3.26 times more in 60-69 age group (p< 0.05). Not having Pap smear test in 35-39 age group more than other groups might result from lack of information on the cervical cancer national screening standard and the necessity of having Pap smear test. As for 60-69 age group, the low education level might cause not having Pap smear test. Under these circumstances, the cervical cancer risk levels should be determined and the individuals should be informed. Providing Pap smear test screening service to individuals in the target group of national screening standard, as a public service may resolve the inequalities due to age and educational differences. PMID:21790227

Açikgöz, Ayla; Ergör, Gül

2011-01-01

444

A Direct sensitivity approach to predict hourly ozone resulting from compliance with the National Ambient Air Quality Standard  

EPA Science Inventory

In setting primary ambient air quality standards, the EPA?s responsibility under the law is to establish standards that protect public health. As part of the current review of the ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS), the US EPA evaluated the health exposure and ...

445

7 CFR 300.5 - International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...International Plant Protection Convention of the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization has been approved for incorporation...Riverdale, MD 20737-1236; or (3) May be viewed on the APHIS Web site at...

2010-01-01

446

Energy Measurement in the Standard Penetration Test (SPT)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from the University of British Columbia Department of Civil Engineering provides general information about the Standard Penetration Test (SPT), as well as information on equipment, uses, procedures, and problems.

2008-02-07

447

Nevada Test Site National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Calendar Year 2008  

SciTech Connect

The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is operated by the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office. From 1951 through 1992, the NTS was the continental testing location for U.S. nuclear weapons. The release of radionuclides from NTS activities has been monitored since the initiation of atmospheric testing. Limitation to under-ground detonations after 1962 greatly reduced radiation exposure to the public surrounding the NTS. After nuclear testing ended in 1992, NTS radiation monitoring focused on detecting airborne radionuclides from historically contaminated soils. These radionuclides are derived from re-suspension of soil (primarily by winds) and emission of tritium-contaminated soil moisture through evapotranspiration. Low amounts of tritium were also emitted to air at the North Las Vegas Facility (NLVF), an NTS support complex in the city of North Las Vegas. To protect the public from harmful levels of man-made radiation, the Clean Air Act, National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) (Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations [CFR] Part 61 Subpart H) (CFR, 2008a) limits the release of radioactivity from a U.S. Department of Energy facility (e.g., the NTS) to 10 millirem per year (mrem/yr) effective dose equivalent to any member of the public. This limit does not include radiation not related to NTS activities. Unrelated doses could come from naturally occurring radioactive elements or from other man-made sources such as medical treatments. The NTS demonstrates compliance with the NESHAP limit by using environmental measurements of radionuclide air concentrations at critical receptor locations. This method was approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for use on the NTS in 2001 and has been the sole method used since 2005. Six locations on the NTS have been established to act as critical receptor locations to demonstrate compliance with the NESHAP limit. These locations are actually pseudo-critical receptor stations, because no member of the public actually resides at these onsite locations. Compliance is demonstrated if the measured annual average concentration of each detected radionuclide at each of these locations is less than the NESHAP Concentration Levels (CLs) for Environmental Compliance listed in 40 CFR 61, Appendix E, Table 2 (CFR, 2008a). At any one location, if multiple radionuclides are detected then compliance with NESHAP is demonstrated when the sum of the fractions (determined by dividing each radionuclide's concentration by its CL and then adding the fractions together) is less than 1.0. In 2008, the potential dose from radiological emissions to air, from both current and past NTS activities, at onsite compliance monitoring stations was a maximum of 1.9 mrem/yr; well below the 10 mrem/yr dose limit. Air sampling data collected at all six pseudo-critical receptor stations had average concentrations of radioactivity that were a fraction of the CL values listed in Table 2 in Appendix E of 40 CFR 61 (CFR, 2008a). Concentrations ranged from less than 1 percent to a maximum of 19 percent of the allowed NESHAP limit. Because the nearest member of the public resides approximately 20 kilometers (12 miles) from the NTS boundary, concentrations at this location would be only a small fraction of that measured on the NTS. Potential dose to the public from NLVF was also very low at 0.00006 mrem/yr; more than 160,000 times lower than the 10 mrem/yr limit.

Ronald Warren and Robert F. Grossman

2009-06-30

448

Development of the fast neutron standard using a Be({alpha},n) reaction at the National Metrology Institute of Japan.  

PubMed

This paper describes the 8-MeV neutron field where the neutrons are generated in the (9)Be(alpha,n)(12)C reaction by bombardment of a beryllium target with a 2.4-MeV (4)He(+) beam from a Van de Graaff accelerator. The neutron field is being prepared for a new national standard on neutron fluence in Japan. Absolute measurement of the neutron fluence was taken using a proton recoil neutron detector, consisting of a silicon surface barrier detector with a polyethylene radiator. Neutron spectra were measured using a newly developed recoil proton spectrometer and a liquid organic scintillation detector. The gamma rays existing in the field were also characterised using a liquid organic scintillation detector. The ambient dose equivalents of the gamma rays were estimated to be <100 microSv at the neutron fluence of 10(7) neutrons cm(-2). PMID:17513862

Shimoyama, T; Harano, H; Matsumoto, T; Moriyama, K; Hata, T; Kudo, K; Koyamada, T; Uritani, A

2007-01-01

449

Farm Financial Standards.  

PubMed

The Farm Financial Standards were developed by a national effort to encourage standardization. Standardization includes financial statement formats, terminology, and calculations for measuring financial position and format. Comparative analysis and education efforts are enhanced greatly by standardization. The Standardization Performance Analysis (SPA) system was developed on the basis of the performance standards for beef cattle and sheep enterprises. This article summarizes the Farm Financial Standards and illustrates the calculations with a worksheet. PMID:7584815

McGrann, J M

1995-07-01

450

>.........standard  

E-print Network

, develop software to implement them, test such techniques against the state of the art. #12;. ......... IETF standard protocols Collaborators / Customers Standards Groups: MPEG, SMPTE NIST Collaborators: ATP Other Collaborators: Academic

451

An overview of the National Space Science data Center Standard Information Retrieval System (SIRS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A general overview is given of the National Space Science Data Center (NSSDC) Standard Information Retrieval System. A description, in general terms, the information system that contains the data files and the software system that processes and manipulates the files maintained at the Data Center. Emphasis is placed on providing users with an overview of the capabilities and uses of the NSSDC Standard Information Retrieval System (SIRS). Examples given are taken from the files at the Data Center. Detailed information about NSSDC data files is documented in a set of File Users Guides, with one user's guide prepared for each file processed by SIRS. Detailed information about SIRS is presented in the SIRS Users Guide.

Shapiro, A.; Blecher, S.; Verson, E. E.; King, M. L. (editor)

1974-01-01

452

[Chlormadinone Acetate Reference Standard (Control 881) of National Institute of Hygienic Sciences].  

PubMed

Chlormadinone acetate was tested for the preparation of the "Chlormadinone Acetate Reference Standard (Control 881)". Analytical data obtained were as follows: loss on drying, 0.00%; infrared spectrum, 1740, 1715, 1658, 1604, 1587, 1256, 1244 cm-1; ultraviolet spectrum, lambda max = 284 nm; absorbance, E1cm1% (284 nm) = 539-549; optical rotation, [alpha]D20: -12.1 degrees; melting point, 214.6 degrees C; thin-layer chromatography, contaminants were not detected until 300 micrograms; high-performance liquid chromatography, one contaminant was detected. On the basis of the above results, this material was authorized as the National Institute of Hygienic Sciences Reference Standard (Control 881). PMID:1285386

Tanaka, M; Murai, M; Tokunaga, H; Kimura, T; Okada, S

1990-01-01

453

Sheet metal formability studies at the national institute of standards and technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sheet-metal forming is a multi-billion-dollar industry in the United States, with an overwhelming portion of its use in automotive markets as formed-sheet components. With roughly one-third of the weight of an auto in this form, the Big Three automakers (Ford, General Motors, and Daimler-Chrysler) are looking for lighter, yet high-strength alternative sheet materials. Such materials would reduce the overall weight of vehicles, helping the automakers achieve gas mileage goals set down in the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles. Progress has been slow, however, because of a lack of knowledge and experience in forming these new materials. The National Institute of Standards and Technology, in keeping with its mission to assist industry by developing technology and standard test methods, has initiated a program to help the auto industry, as well as other industries that produce and utilize sheet metal, make the transition to these new materials.

Foecke, T.; Banovic, S. W.; Fields, R. J.

2001-02-01

454

Small angle neutron scattering at the National Institute of Standards and Technology  

SciTech Connect

The small angle neutron scattering technique is a valuable method for the characterization of morphology of various materials. It can probe inhomogeneties in the sample (whether occurring naturally or introduced through isotopic substitution) at a length scale from the atomic size (nanometers) to the macroscopic (micrometers) size. The work provides an overview of the small angle neutron scattering facilities at the National Institute of Standards and Technology and a review of the technique as it has been applied to polymer systems, biological macromolecules, ceramic, and metallic materials. Specific examples have been included.

Hammouda, B.; Krueger, S.; Glinka, C.J.

1993-01-01

455

Optical refrigeration to 119 K, below National Institute of Standards and Technology cryogenic temperature.  

PubMed

We report on bulk optical refrigeration of Yb:YLF crystal to a temperature of ~124 K, starting from the ambient. This is achieved by pumping the E4-E5 Stark multiplet transition at ~1020 nm. A lower temperature of 119±1 K (~-154C) with available cooling power of 18 mW is attained when the temperature of the surrounding crystal is reduced to 210 K. This result is within only a few degrees of the minimum achievable temperature of our crystal and signifies the bulk solid-state laser cooling below the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)-defined cryogenic temperature of 123 K. PMID:23632561

Melgaard, Seth D; Seletskiy, Denis V; Di Lieto, Alberto; Tonelli, Mauro; Sheik-Bahae, Mansoor

2013-05-01

456

Developing glovebox robotics to meet the national robot safety standard and nuclear safety criteria  

SciTech Connect

Development of a glove box based robotic system by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is reported. Safety issues addressed include planning to meet the special constraints of operations within a hazardous material glove box and with hostile environments, compliance with the current and draft national robotic system safety standards, and eventual satisfaction of nuclear material handling requirements. Special attention has been required for the revision to the robot and control system models which antedate adoption of the present national safety standard. A robotic test bed, using non-radioactive surrogates is being activated at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to develop the material handling system and the process interfaces for future special nuclear material processing applications. Part of this effort is to define, test, and revise adequate safety controls to ensure success when the system is eventually deployed at a DOE site. The current system is primarily for demonstration and testing, but will evolve into the baseline configuration from which the production system is to be derived. This results in special hazards associated with research activities which may not be present on a production line. Nuclear safety is of paramount importance and has been successfully addressed for 50 years in the DOE weapons production complex. It carries its particular requirements for robot systems and manual operations, as summarized below: Criticality must be avoided (materials cannot consolidate or accumulate to approach a critical mass). Radioactive materials must be confined. The public and workers must be protected from accountable radiation exposure. Nuclear material must be readily retrievable. Nuclear safety must be conclusively demonstrated through hazards analysis. 7 refs.

McMahon, T.T.; Sievers, R.H. [Science Applications International Corp., Pleasanton, CA (United States)

1991-09-01

457

Science or Reading: What Is Being Measured by Standardized Tests?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined reading issues associated with a standardized science test. Grade 11 students in Connecticut were shown released science test items and asked about the reading issues associated with the items. Findings suggested that students varied in their understanding of the nature of the items and in their ability to read for detail. The…

Visone, Jeremy D.

2010-01-01

458

An Information Model for Software Quality Measurement with ISO Standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the ISO's mandate to upgrade its set of technical reports on the measurement of the quality of software products (ISO 9126), the ISO working group associated with it has come up with a proposed new structure, with some interesting contributions. This paper investigates the maturity of two new concepts proposed (measurement primitives and quality measures), highlights some of their

Alain ABRAN; Rafa E. AL-QUTAISH; Jean-Marc DESHARNAIS; Naji HABRA

2005-01-01

459

A structured analysis of the new ISO standard on functional size measurement-definition of concepts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ISO 14143-1 document is the first in a set of five documents constituting the international standard on functional size measurement for software. This first document specifies a mandatory set of concepts required for functional size measurement and tackles it from a measurement method perspective. This is a unique perspective in contrast to other standardization work in progress on software.

A. Abran; J.-P. Jacquet

1999-01-01

460

Middle school students' understanding of time: Implications for the National Science Education Standards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Measures of time are essential to human life, especially in the Western world. Human understanding of time develops from the preschool stages of using "before" and "after" to an adult understanding and appreciation of time. Previous researchers (for example, Piaget, Friedman) have investigated and described stages of time development. Time, as it was investigated here, can be classified as conventional, logical or experiential. Conventional time is the ordered representation of time; the days of the week, the months of the year, or clock time: seconds and hours. Logical time is the deduction of duration based on regular events; for example, calculating the passage of time based on two separate events. Experiential time involves the duration of events and estimating intervals. With the recent production of the National Science Education Standards (NSES), many schools are aligning their science curriculum with the NSES. Time appears both implicitly and explicitly in the NSES. Do Middle School students possess the understanding of time necessary to meet the recommendations of the NSES? An interview protocol of four sessions was developed to investigate middle school students understanding of time. The four sessions included: building and testing water clocks; an interview about water clocks and time intervals; a laserdisc presentation about relative time spans; and a mind mapping session. Students were also given the GALT test of Logical Thinking. The subjects of the study were interviewed; eleven eighth grade students and thirteen sixth grade students. The data was transcribed and coded, and a rubric was developed to evaluate students based on their responses to the four sessions. The Time Analysis Rubric is a grid of the types of time: conventional, logical and experiential time versus the degree of understanding of time. Student results were assigned to levels of understanding based on the Time Analysis Rubric. There was a relationship (although not significant) between the students' GALT score and the Time Analysis Rubric results. There was no difference in Time Analysis levels between sixth and eighth grade students. On the basis of this study, Middle School students' level of understanding of time appears to be sufficient to master the requirements of the NSES.

Reinemann, Deborah Jean

2000-10-01

461

76 FR 22665 - Release of Final Document Related to the Review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Particulate...discussion with the Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee...the Agency's Technology Transfer Network (TTN) Web site at http...Samet, Chair, Clean Air Scientific Advisory...

2011-04-22

462

75 FR 32178 - Release of Final Document Related to the Review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...consultation with the Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee...Monoxide National Ambient Air Quality Standards: Scope...the Agency's Technology Transfer Network (TTN) Web site at http...Acting Director, Office of Air Quality Planning and...

2010-06-07

463

78 FR 2394 - Release of Draft Document Related to the Review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...performed by the Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee...EPA is reviewing the air quality criteria and NAAQS...the Lead National Ambient Air Quality Standards.\\1...the agency's Technology Transfer Network (TTN) Web site at...

2013-01-11

464

Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, January-February 2011, Volume 116, No. 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This edition of the Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology contains the following articles: A Comparison of Methods for Computing the Residual Resistivity Ratio of High-Purity Niobium; Workshop on Bridging Satellite Clim...

2011-01-01

465

Measuring the social responsiveness of medical schools: setting the standards.  

PubMed

This article calls for medical schools to use a new set of standards to gauge how well they contribute to social welfare. Because medical schools receive public funding and are given the authority to certify that providers are sufficiently trained, they incur an obligation to be socially responsible. In addition to setting and using higher standards, medical schools should call on their credibility and use their scientific expertise to find new policies that promote social welfare. In particular, they should do research on socially oriented policies and participate more actively in debates about health sector reform. Although societies vary and have different values, most countries and peoples probably share the following social objectives: They want to use limited public and private resources rationally to produce the best possible health, they do not want individuals or groups to suffer, and they want to protect people against catastrophic illness and associated financial losses. Although new standards are needed, medical schools should be encouraged to continue producing technically sophisticated providers and conducting high-level basic and clinical research. Available evidence suggests that medical schools can further contribute to the three social objectives noted above by increasing the intensity and relevancy of primary care training, expanding the curriculum beyond its biomedical focus, encouraging research in health services, and assessing the effectiveness of social policy in improving the health of the population. PMID:10495745

Peabody, J W

1999-08-01

466

Constructing uniformity: The standardization of international electromagnetic measures, 1860-1912  

SciTech Connect

Metrology gained much attention from electrical scientists and practitioners in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Spurred by the expanding telegraph industries, they considered the construction and acceptance of a universal system of electromagnetic measures essential for the growth of science and technology. The task was not easy. Scientists and practitioners, having different concerns and needs, often found themselves at odds. National rivalries further obstructed the attainment of uniform measures. Under the auspices of a series of international electrical congresses and conferences between 1881 and 1908, the systembuilders succeeded in establishing an international system of practical electrical units and standards-the ohm, volt, ampere, coulomb, farad, joule, and watt-based on the centimeter-gram-second (CGS) system of measures. They had less success, however, with practical magnetic units. They had designed the system of electrical units to meet the needs of telegraphy. But the rise of the technologies of electrical power in the late nineteenth century made it difficult to define magnetic units that were both practical for the new technologies and coherent with the existing system of units. The international congress, as an institution, also gave them trouble. It lacked authority and stability and, in some cases, hindered the development of the system of units. More credit for the success of the systembuilders must go, paradoxically, to the national physical laboratoires that arose in Germany, France, Great Britain, and the United States circa 1900. They enabled the standarization of international electromagnetic measures by narrowing the community of systembuilders to a small circle of elite experts. This historical process illustrates important aspects of the ways and means of standarization, of the technical and social construction of uniformity.

Lagerstrom, L.R.

1992-01-01

467

Development of a Standardized Measure of Classroom Participation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A sample research observation measure and its preparation into a written observer training package for use in evaluating children within or across classrooms is described. The Planned Activity Check (PLA-Check) measure, a time-sample observation of children's participation is planned activities; was used. A training manual based upon the PLA-Check…

Cataldo, Michael F.; Risley, Todd R.

468

Laser guide star measurements at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Recent studies from the Laser Guide Star Project at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory are presented. Photometry of the return signal has shown that the photon return is approximately 10 photons/cm{sup 2}ms at the pupil of the receiving telescope in agreement with a detailed model of the sodium interaction. Wavefronts of the laser guide star have also been measured with a Shack-Hartmann technique and power spectra have been shown to agree with those of nearby natural stars. Plans for closed loop demonstrations using the laser guide star at LLNL and nearby Lick Observatory are discussed.

Friedman, H.; Avicola, K.; Bissinger, H.; Brase, J.; Duff, J.; Gavel, D.; Horton, J.; Max, C.; Olivier, S.; Rapp, D.; Salmon, T.; Smauley, D.; Waltjen, K.

1993-02-01

469

Overview of Photovoltaic Calibration and Measurement Standards at GRC  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Photovoltaic (PV) systems (cells and arrays) for spacecraft power have become an international market. This market demands accurate prediction of the solar array power output in space throughout the mission life of the spacecraft. Since the beginning of space flight, space-faring nations have independently developed methods to calibrate solar cells for power output in low Earth orbit (LEO). These methods rely on terrestrial, laboratory, or extraterrestrial light sources to simulate or approximate the air mass zero (AM0) solar intensity and spectrum.

Baraona, Cosmo; Snyder, David; Brinker, David; Bailey, Sheila; Curtis, Henry; Scheiman, David; Jenkins, Phillip

2002-01-01

470

A standards-based formative evaluation of a national professional development program for science teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 1996 National Science Education Standards provided educators and policy makers with a major impetus for constructive change in science education. The Standards not only specified what science content should be taught, but also provided organization for future science curricula. A major theme that pervades the Standards is that the classroom teacher is the most important component of classroom change and that reform efforts should be directed at improving the teaching of science through professional development for science teachers. In response to the National Science Education Standards, the Science Teachers Organization (pseudonym) prepared a professional development program for science teachers that was intended to acquaint teachers with the Standards and bring about reform of science teaching by changing teachers' instructional strategies and procedures. This program, named Preparing Schools for Science (PSS), was designed for use in all of the 50 states, but was first introduced in a southwestern state referred to as Utopia in this dissertation. Using the Provus Method of Discrepancy Evaluation, a design and installation audit of the Preparing Schools for Science Program was performed. Suggestions for program improvement, as well as a complete evaluation design for the PSS Program, were presented. Specific program modifications suggested by the research included an improved organization of personnel to monitor and supervise the program, more sustained professional development workshops, a stronger network of support for teachers. Five major implications for future professional development programs emerge from this research. (1) A needs analysis should be conducted before a program is designed in order to ensure that the program meet the needs of those for whom it is intended. (2) The length and type of training are the most important factors in ensuring that teachers have sufficient time to incorporate and learn how to use new ideas. (3) Additional personnel are needed to conduct the training and follow-up with the Points of Contact (POCs) in the Program. (4) Financial support for the Key Leaders who serve as trainers of the points of contact is needed to provide the means for the key leaders to fully implement the program and maintain contact with the POCs. (5) The program should have a thorough and well-planned evaluation design, and data collection should be done in a timely fashion by a skilled evaluator.

Raphael, Carol Greco

2002-09-01

471

The (mis)Alignment of the Earth Science Literacy Principles to the National Science Education Standards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The initiative to develop the Earth Science Literacy Principles (ESLP) was an effort to encourage community consensus about the Big Ideas in the Earth Sciences, especially in the solid-earth and hydrologic geosciences. The Principles have been aligned to the National Science Education Standards (NSES) in order to make them more useable for curriculum developers, textbook writers and K-12 educators. The alignment demonstrates that much of the content that is highly valued in the NSES involving Earth and Space Science is not related to the fundamental concepts in the ESLP. Surprisingly, the greatest alignment of concepts in the ESLP is to standards related to Personal and Societal Perspectives in the NSES. Analysis of the alignment demonstrates the highly interdisciplinary nature of the Earth sciences in addressing standards related to Physical Science, Life Science, and Science and Technology in addition to those previously mentioned. An in-depth analysis will follow to examine content valued by the NSES that has been left out of the ESLP, as well as the converse.

Ladue, N.; Clark, S.; Thompson, J.; Beckendorf, K.; Wysession, M. E.

2009-12-01

472

Integrating Susceptibility into Environmental Policy: An Analysis of the National Ambient Air Quality Standard for Lead  

PubMed Central

Susceptibility to chemical toxins has not been adequately addressed in risk assessment methodologies. As a result, environmental policies may fail to meet their fundamental goal of protecting the public from harm. This study examines how characterization of risk may change when susceptibility is explicitly considered in policy development; in particular we examine the process used by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to set a National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for lead. To determine a NAAQS, EPA estimated air lead-related decreases in child neurocognitive function through a combination of multiple data elements including concentration-response (CR) functions. In this article, we present alternative scenarios for determining a lead NAAQS using CR functions developed in populations more susceptible to lead toxicity due to socioeconomic disadvantage. The use of CR functions developed in susceptible groups resulted in cognitive decrements greater than original EPA estimates. EPA’s analysis suggested that a standard level of 0.15 µg/m3 would fulfill decision criteria, but by incorporating susceptibility we found that options for the standard could reasonably be extended to lower levels. The use of data developed in susceptible populations would result in the selection of a more protective NAAQS under the same decision framework applied by EPA. Results are used to frame discussion regarding why cumulative risk assessment methodologies are needed to help inform policy development. PMID:22690184

Chari, Ramya; Burke, Thomas A.; White, Ronald H.; Fox, Mary A.

2012-01-01

473

Testing the Standard Model Precision Measurements of the Z and W; Search for the Higgs  

E-print Network

13 Testing the Standard Model Precision Measurements of the Z and W; Search for the Higgs would be spectacular in e+e-annihilation. Indeed, within the Standard Model nearly every aspect of the Z of the Z into a single neutrino species. If the Standard Model prediction is used for this quantity

Murayama, Hitoshi

474

An additional configuration to standard ASTM E2611-09 for measuring the normal incidence sound  

E-print Network

An additional configuration to standard ASTM E2611-09 for measuring the normal incidence sound tube. In the standard ASTM E2611-09, the downstream section of the impedance tube includes two of the nSTL has been standardized in ASTM E2611-09[1]. It uses a plane wave tube instrumented with four

Boyer, Edmond

475

The Effects of Achieved National Board for Professional Teaching Standards Certification on the Marginality of Physical Education Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between achieving The National Board for Professional Teaching Standards certification and feelings of marginality of physical education teachers. Data sources included a focus group interview with 6 National Board Certified Physical Education Teachers (NBCPETs) and individual phone…

Gaudreault, Karen Lux; Woods, Amelia Mays

2012-01-01

476

A Historical Analysis of Textbook Development in American Music: Education and the Impetus for the National Standards for Music Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1994, the National Association for Music Education (MENC) adopted nine content standards that have, since that time, helped to standardize curricula for elementary music education and have given curriculum writers a more well-defined goal for their product. The questions then arise: What elements in the history of music education in America led…

Branscome, Eric

2005-01-01

477

Regulatory Impact Analysis for the Final Revisions to the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Particulate Matter.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Based on its review of the air quality criteria and the national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) for particulate matter (PM), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is making revisions to the primary standards for PM to provide requisite pro...

2012-01-01

478

Visibility measurements in national parks in the western US  

SciTech Connect

The Nationl Park Service (NPS)in cooperation with the Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Monitoring Systems Laboratory, has operated a regional (western US) visibility monitoring network since the fall of 1978. At each of the 27 monitoring sites NPS personnel record sky-target contrast three times a day using a multiwavelength teleradiometer. After each measurement, operators also photograph the vista to pictorially record the appearance of the target when the measurement was made. This paper discusses teleradiometer data reduction and editing techniques as well as temporal and spatial visibility trends in the western US. Throughout the West, winter months correspond to highest visibility, while summer months have the lowest overall air quality. Visibilities which were highest in 1978 decreased until 1981; 1982 showed a slight increase in visibility. Examination of visibilities throughout the West in summer of 1982 shows that visibilities are highest in northern Nevada, northern Utah and southern Idaho. The Colorado Plateau, the geographic area containing Grand Canyon, Bryce, Zion and Canyonlands National Parks as well as a number of national monuments, has the second highest visibility. Other areas of the west have intermediate visibilities with the coastal areas of California having the lowest visual air quality.

Malm, W.C.; Molenar, J.V.

1984-09-01

479

Using quasars as standard clocks for measuring cosmological redshift.  

PubMed

We report hitherto unnoticed patterns in quasar light curves. We characterize segments of the quasar's light curves with the slopes of the straight lines fit through them. These slopes appear to be directly related to the quasars' redshifts. Alternatively, using only global shifts in time and flux, we are able to find significant overlaps between the light curves of different pairs of quasars by fitting the ratio of their redshifts. We are then able to reliably determine the redshift of one quasar from another. This implies that one can use quasars as standard clocks, as we explicitly demonstrate by constructing two independent methods of finding the redshift of a quasar from its light curve. PMID:23003944

Dai, De-Chang; Starkman, Glenn D; Stojkovic, Branislav; Stojkovic, Dejan; Weltman, Amanda

2012-06-01

480

ASTM standards for measuring solar reflectance and infrared emittance of construction materials and comparing their steady-state surface temperatures  

SciTech Connect

Numerous experiments on individual buildings in California and Florida show that painting roofs white reduces air conditioning load up to 50%, depending on the thermal resistance or amount of insulation under the roof. The savings, of course, are strong functions of the thermal integrity of a building and climate. In earlier work, the authors have estimated the national energy savings potential from reflective roofs and paved surfaces. Achieving this potential, however, is conditional on receiving the necessary Federal, states, and electric utilities support to develop materials with high solar reflectance and design effective implementation programs. An important step in initiating an effective program in this area is to work with the american Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) and the industry to create test procedures, rating, and labeling for building and paving materials. A subcommittee of ASTM E06, E06.42, on Cool Construction Materials, was formed as the vehicle to develop standard practices for measuring, rating, and labeling cool construction materials. The subcommittee has also undertaken the development of a standard practice for calculating a solar reflectance index (SRI) of horizontal and low-sloped surfaces. SRI is a measure of the relative steady-state temperature of a surface with respect to a standard white surface (SRI = 100) and a standard black surface (SRI = 0) under standard solar and ambient conditions. This paper discusses the technical issues relating to development of these two ASTM standards.

Akbari, H.; Levinson, R.; Berdahl, P. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Energy and Environment Div.

1996-08-01

481

32 CFR Attachment A to Subpart B... - Standard A-National Agency Check With Local Agency Checks and Credit Check (NACLC)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... National Defense 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Standard A-National Agency Check With Local Agency Checks and Credit Check (NACLC) A Attachment A to Subpart B of Part 147 National Defense Department of Defense...

2012-07-01

482

32 CFR Attachment A to Subpart B... - Standard A-National Agency Check With Local Agency Checks and Credit Check (NACLC)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standard A-National Agency Check With Local Agency Checks and Credit Check (NACLC) A Attachment A to Subpart B of Part 147 National Defense Department of Defense...

2010-07-01

483

32 CFR Attachment A to Subpart B... - Standard A-National Agency Check With Local Agency Checks and Credit Check (NACLC)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... National Defense 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Standard A-National Agency Check With Local Agency Checks and Credit Check (NACLC) A Attachment A to Subpart B of Part 147 National Defense Department of Defense...

2011-07-01

484

32 CFR Attachment A to Subpart B... - Standard A-National Agency Check With Local Agency Checks and Credit Check (NACLC)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... National Defense 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Standard A-National Agency Check With Local Agency Checks and Credit Check (NACLC) A Attachment A to Subpart B of Part 147 National Defense Department of Defense...

2013-07-01

485

Using the NCSS "National Curriculum Standards for Social Studies: A Framework for Teaching, Learning, and Assessment" to Meet State Social Studies Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to "A Report on the State of U.S. History Education, State Policies and National Programs as of September 2008," "Forty-eight states and the District of Columbia have established academic standards to address academic achievement in history, the social sciences, or social studies. The sole exceptions are Iowa and Rhode Island which allow…

Herczog, Michelle M.

2010-01-01

486

Radiation Protection. Measurement of radioactivity in the environment - Air- radon 222. A proposed ISO standard.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Radon isotopes (222, 220, 219) are radioactive gases produced by the disintegration of radium isotopes 226, 224 and 223, which are decay products of uranium238, thorium232 and uranium235 respectively. All are found in the earth's crust. Solid elements, also radioactive, are produced by radon disintegration. Radon is classed as a rare gas in the periodic table of elements, along with helium, argon, neon, krypton and xenon. When disintegrating, radon emits alpha particles and generates solid decay products, which are also radioactive (polonium, bismuth, lead etc.). The potential danger of radon lies in its solid decay products rather than the gas itself. Whether or not they are attached aerosols, radon decay products can be inhaled and deposited in the bronchopulmonary tree to varying depths according to their size. Radon today is considered to be the main source of human exposure to natural radiation. At the international level, radon accounts for 52% of global average exposure to natural radiation. Isotope 222 (48%) is far more significant than isotope 220 (4%), whilst isotope 219 is considered as negligible. Exposure to radon varies considerably from one region to another, depending on factors such as weather conditions, and underlying geology. Activity concentration can therefore vary by a factor of 10 or even a 100 from one period of time to the next and from one area to another. There are many ways of measuring the radon 222 activity concentration and the potential alpha energy concentration of its short-lived decay products. Measuring techniques fall into three categories: - spot measurement methods; continuous measurement; integrated measurement. The proposed ISO (International Organisation for Standardisation) document suggests guidelines for measuring radon222 activity concentration and the potential alpha energy concentration of its short-lived decay products in a free (environment) and confined (buildings) atmosphere. The target date for availability of this work item is 2011. The ISO document here highlighted is a working draft. ISO is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies. Keywords: radon; international standards; measurement techniques.

Gillmore, G.; Woods, M.

2009-04-01

487

Standardizing School Dropout Measures. CPRE Research Report Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dropout rates reported by states and school districts are produced by a variety of accounting procedures. Since these rates are difficult to compare and interpret, they fail to correctly measure the dropout rate. A uniform definition of school dropout is needed. The degree of variation was examined by analyzing 21 local definitions. The five…

Williams, Patricia A.

488

Measurement Precision for Repeat Examinees on a Standardized Patient Examination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examinees who initially fail and later repeat an SP-based clinical skills exam typically exhibit large score gains on their second attempt, suggesting the possibility that examinees were not well measured on one of those attempts. This study evaluates score precision for examinees who repeated an SP-based clinical skills test administered as part…

Raymond, Mark R.; Swygert, Kimberly A.; Kahraman, Nilufer

2012-01-01

489

EVALUATION OF PRESENT CHEMICAL STANDARDS IN RELATIONSHIP TO IN SITU MARINE WATER QUALITY MEASUREMENTS  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of the program was to determine what standards are currently available, their suitability for validating present in-situ water quality measurements, and to assess the accuracy of measurement traceability from the in-situ instrument to a recognized standard. The ease w...

490

Meeting the measurement uncertainty and traceability requirements of ISO\\/IEC standard 17025 in chemical analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The new laboratory accreditation standard, ISO\\/IEC 17025, reflects current thinking on good measurement practice by requiring more explicit and more demanding attention to a number of activities. These include client interactions, method validation, traceability, and measurement uncertainty. Since the publication of the standard in 1999 there has been extensive debate about its interpretation. It is the author's view that if

Bernard King

2001-01-01

491

Characterization of the 3 MeV Neutron Field for the Monoenergetic Fast Neutron Fluence Standard at the National Metrology Institute of Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the 3 MeV neutron field where the neutrons are generated in the D(d,n)3He reaction by bombardment of a deuterium-titanium target with a 230 keV deuteron beam from a Cockcroft-Walton accelerator. The neutron field is being prepared for a new national standard on neutron fluence in Japan. The neutron fluence was measured using a proton recoil neutron detector

Hideki Harano; Tetsuro Matsumoto; Tetsuya Shimoyama; Toshiki Hat; Kentaro Moriyama; Katsuhisa Kudo; Shinnosuke Miwa; Taisuke Koyamada; Akira Uritani

492

PS1-22: Tumor--VDW Table Structure Dictated by National Agency Standards  

PubMed Central

Background North American Association of Central Cancer Registries (NAACCR) was established in 1987 as a collaborative organization for cancer registries, government agencies, professional associations and private groups. NAACCR develops and promotes uniform data standards, provides education and training, certifies population-based registries, processes and publishes data from central registries and promotes the use of cancer surveillance data for research, public health and patient care. Cancer registries in the US include the national central registries, NCI-SEER and CDC-NPCR, individual State registries and hospital-based (care provider-based) registries. The Cancer Research Network (CRN) has adopted NAACCR data standards to define the Virtual Data Warehouse tumor registry table (VDW-TR). However, since the inception of the VDW-TR, there have been many version of NAACCR in effect. Aims/Methods VDW-TR needed to have similar and merge-able data for multi-site projects. Data standards set by NAACCR are optimal for construction of this resource as they are designed to collect tumor data centrally from multiple data sources. The standards establish processes for data exchange and record layout in addition to coordinating input from sponsoring organizations, such as AJCC and NCI. NAACCR is also responsible for incorporating new items of interest as the data used to characterize cancers evolve. We describe how these changes were incorporated into the VDW-TR. Results AJCC Collaborative Stage I (CS-1), applicable to cases diagnosed beginning with January 2004, brought many changes to data and data formats required for staging. These changes were not incorporated by the VDW tumor file in 2004 due to the lack of ownership and oversight. Discrepancies eventually developed between VDW data dictionary and NAACCR causing data value decay. ICDO-2 histology lists were expanded and recoded in ICDO-3, providing additional challenges, along with other rules-based changes in tumor classification. CS-1 also mandated addition of anatomic site specific factors. Many additional changes occurred in 2010 with CS-2. The specifications incorporated in our current VDW-TR address all of these data changes. Conclusion The VDW has to adopt NAACCR changes as they are adapted to remain current with all standards. We are now sensitized to monitor and adjust for significant future changes in NAACCR.

Krajenta, Rick; Lamerato, Lois; Wells, Karen

2011-01-01

493

Relation between the national handbook of recommended methods for water data acquisition and ASTM standards  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In the late 1950's, intense demands for water and growing concerns about declines in the quality of water generated the need for more water-resources data. About thirty Federal agencies, hundreds of State, county and local agencies, and many private organizations had been collecting water data. However, because of differences in procedures and equipment, many of the data bases were incompatible. In 1964, as a step toward establishing more uniformity, the Bureau of the Budget (now the Office of Management and Budget, OMB) issued 'Circular A-67' which presented guidelines for collecting water data and also served as a catalyst for creating the Office of Water Data Coordination (OWDC) within the U.S. Geological Survey. This paper discusses past, present, and future aspects of the relation between methods in the National Handbook and standards published by ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) Committee D-19 on Water's Subcommittee D-19.07 on Sediment, Geomorphology, and Open Channel Flow. The discussion also covers historical aspects of standards - development work jointly conducted by OWDC and ASTM.

Glysson, G. Douglas; Skinner, John V.

1991-01-01

494

The Need of Terahertz Cameras for Standardizing Sensitivity Measurements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The applicability of a blackbody source to sensitivity measurements and calibration of an uncooled Terahertz (THz) focal plane array (FPA) is discussed, but the combination of a blackbody source and a band-pass filter may not be suitable for these purposes. Two ways to measure the minimum detectable power (MDP) of uncooled THz-FPAs are described and compared when used with strong THz sources such as a quantum cascade laser (QCL). The MDP is defined as the radiant power that produces a signal-to-noise ratio of unity in the output of a THz imager that uses a THz-FPA operating at a TV frame rate. One method (method 1) is based on the hypothesis that the beam pattern of the THz source is close to a Gaussian pattern. In another method (method 2), the signal level of the background in an image that does not contain a THz source is subtracted from the signal of the image. While method 2 is more flexible, how large the signals coming from THz source should be, as compared with the noise level, remains to be defined. Finally, based on issues with the current non-uniformity correction (NUC) technique, specifications are proposed for THz source power and wobbling technique to obtain uniform illumination for an ideal NUC technique.

Oda, Naoki; Hosako, Iwao; Ishi, Tsutomu; Minamide, Hiroaki; Otani, Chiko; Sekine, Norihiko

2014-08-01

495

Flow Disturbance Characterization Measurements in the National Transonic Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Recent flow measurements have been acquired in the National Transonic Facility (NTF) to assess the unsteady flow environment in the test section. The primary purpose of the test is to determine the feasibility of the NTF to conduct laminar-flow-control testing and boundary-layer transition sensitive testing. The NTF can operate in two modes, warm (air) and cold/cryogenic (nitrogen) test conditions for testing full and semispan scaled models. The warm-air mode enables low to moderately high Reynolds numbers through the use of high tunnel pressure, and the nitrogen mode enables high Reynolds numbers up to flight conditions, depending on aircraft type and size, utilizing high tunnel pressure and cryogenic temperatures. NASA's Environmentally Responsible Aviation (ERA) project is interested in demonstrating different laminar-flow technologies at flight-relevant operating conditions throughout the transonic Mach number range and the NTF is well suited for the initial ground-based demonstrations. Roll polar data at selected test conditions were obtained to look at the uniformity of the flow disturbance field in the test section. Data acquired from the rake probes included mean total temperatures, mean and fluctuating static/total pressures, and mean and fluctuating hot-wire measurements. . Based on the current measurements and previous data, an assessment was made that the NTF is a suitable facility for ground-based demonstrations of laminar-flow technologies at flight-relevant conditions in the cryogenic mode.

King, Rudolph A.; Andino, Marlyn Y.; Melton, Latunia; Eppink, Jenna; Kegerise, Michael A.; Tsoi, Andrew

2012-01-01

496

Wing Twist Measurements at the National Transonic Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A technique for measuring wing twist currently in use at the National Transonic Facility is described. The technique is based upon a single camera photogrammetric determination of two dimensional coordinates with a fixed (and known) third dimensional coordinate. The wing twist is found from a conformal transformation between wind-on and wind-off 2-D coordinates in the plane of rotation. The advantages and limitations of the technique as well as the rationale for selection of this particular technique are discussed. Examples are presented to illustrate run-to-run and test-to-test repeatability of the technique in air mode. Examples of wing twist in cryogenic nitrogen mode are also presented.

Burner, Alpheus W.; Wahls, Richard A.; Goad, William K.

1996-01-01

497

42—OPTICAL MEASUREMENTS OF FLAT-BUNDLE COTTON MASSES USED IN STANDARD FIBRE-TENACITY TESTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Standard flat-bundle cotton-fibre-tenacity determinations require that masses of specimens be known. These masses are normally measured on a standard balance. Eliminating the balance measurement for reasons of instrument automation and speed of measurement is desirable. The attenuation of a laser light beam incident on the specimen is examined as an alternative method for determining a flat-bundle mass.The area of light

K. E. Duckett; R. S. Krowicki

1976-01-01

498

Development and Standardization of a Test to Measure the Emotional and Behavioral Strengths of Preschool Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study was to document the development and standardization of the "Preschool Behavioral and Emotional Rating Scale" and to examine its factor structure, internal consistency, and criterion validity. Data from a nationally representative sample (N = 1,471) of preschool children with and without disabilities were collected.…

Epstein, Michael H.; Synhorst, Lori L.; Cress, Cynthia J.; Allen, Elizabeth A.

2009-01-01

499

A PROCEDURE FOR ESTABLISHING TRACEABILITY OF GAS MIXTURES TO CERTAIN NATIONAL BUREAU OF STANDARDS STANDARD REFERENCE MATERIALS  

EPA Science Inventory

This procedure includes the specifications and requirements that must be followed by gas manufacturers during the preparation of compressed cylinder gas Certified Reference Materials (CRM). A CRM is a certified gas standard prepared at a concentration that does not exceed + or - ...

500

The Use of Standardized Residuals to Derive Value-Added Measures of School Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Measures of school performance based on pupil attainment are becoming more sophisticated, with DfES piloting "contextualized value-added" measures. However, most such measures are based on simple sums of residuals about "expected" values, but it is clear from national data that distributions of performance are not symmetrical and of constant…

Schagen, Ian

2006-01-01