Sample records for national measurement standards

  1. NBS (National Bureau of Standards): Materials measurements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Manning, J. R.

    1984-01-01

    Work in support of NASA's Microgravity Science and Applications Program is described. The results of the following three tasks are given in detail: (1) surface tensions and their variations with temperature and impurities; (2) convection during unidirectional solidification; and (3) measurement of high temperature thermophysical properties. Tasks 1 and 2 were directed toward determining how the reduced gravity obtained in space flight can affect convection and solidification processes. Emphasis in task 3 was on development of levitation and containerless processing techniques which can be applied in space flight to provide thermodynamic measurements of reactive materials.

  2. Measuring convergence of National Accounting Standards with International Financial Reporting Standards

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alexandra Fontes; Lúcia Lima Rodrigues; Russell Craig

    2005-01-01

    This paper analyses three methods for measuring the success achieved in effecting convergence between any two sets of accounting standards. We begin by reviewing a measurement method based on the concept of Euclidean distances. We then propose two better measures (involving Jaccard's coefficients and Spearman's coefficients) to assess the progress of National Accounting Standards setting bodies in converging their standards

  3. NBS (National Bureau of Standards): Materials measurements. [space processing experiments

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Manning, J. R.

    1983-01-01

    Work directed toward the measurement of materials properties important to the design and interpretation of space processing experiments and determinations of how the space environment may offer a unique opportunity for performing improved measurements and producing materials with improved properties is reported. Surface tensions and their variations with temperature and impurities; convection during undirectional solidification; and measurement of the high temperature thermophysical properties of tungsten group liquids and solids are discussed and results are summarized.

  4. Groove depth measurements on roughness reference standards of the Croatian National Laboratory for Length (LFSB)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barši?, Gorana; Mahovi?, Sanjin; Bartolo Picotto, Gian; Amer, Mohamed A.; Runje, Biserka

    2011-09-01

    In the Laboratory for Precise Measurements of Length, LFSB, which is now the Croatian National Laboratory for Length, unique roughness reference standards were developed in the year 1986. Because of the world-class quality of those standards and their measuring features, the same were sold in several European countries, and today they, among others, are used as roughness reference standards in Italy, Slovenia and Croatia. However, especially in the last decade, there was significant progress in the field of nanotechnology that led to the development of new measuring equipment. The above-mentioned standards due to their size, production technology and measuring features cannot fully meet metrological requirements in the field of nanometrology, i.e. they are not compatible with scanning probe microscopes. Therefore, it was decided to search for possible limitations in the procedure of groove depth measurements on the LFSB standards. In order to include as many measuring devices as possible, i.e. measurement methods, in this research, in 2008 the LFSB launched EURAMET Project 1012 'Limitations of methods for measuring the depth of the groove' in collaboration with national metrology institutes of Italy and Egypt. In this paper the results of measurements performed within the project are presented, and based on the obtained results, the advantages and limitations of the LFSB standards have been discussed, with recommendations for their improvement.

  5. Measurements of the /sup 235/U(n,f) standard cross section at the National Bureau of Standards

    SciTech Connect

    Johnson, R.G.; Carlson, A.D.; Wasson, O.A.; Duvall, K.C.; Behrens, J.W.; Meier, M.M.; Patrick, B.D.; Dias, M.S.

    1988-01-01

    The primary mission of the Neutron Interactions and Dosimetry Group at the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) is the measurement of the standard neutron cross sections. The group has had a long-term program for the measurement of one of the most important of these cross sections---the neutron-induced fission cross section of /sup 235/U. Since the ENDF/B-VI evaluation has been recently released, it is appropriate to review the measurements of the /sup 235/U(n,f) cross section which have been made at the NBS using accelerator-based neutron sources. In the 0.1--20 MeV region where this cross section is a standard, six separate measurements of the differential cross section, using a variety of techniques have been made. Both the NBS 150-MeV Electron Linac and the 3-MV Positive Ion Accelerator have been used as neutron sources. Two of the measurements are relative to the H(n,p) cross section while the remainder are absolute. These measurements will be reviewed and compared to ENDF/B-VI. The current status of this program and possible future improvements will be discussed. 11 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

  6. Development, enhancement, and evaluation of aircraft measurement techniques for national ambient air quality standard criteria pollutants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brent, Lacey Cluff

    The atmospheric contaminants most harmful to human health are designated Criteria Pollutants. To help Maryland attain the national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) for Criteria Pollutants, and to improve our fundamental understanding of atmospheric chemistry, I conducted aircraft measurements in the Regional Atmospheric Measurement Modeling Prediction Program (RAMMPP). These data are used to evaluate model simulations and satellite observations. I developed techniques for improving airborne observation of two NAAQS pollutants, particulate matter (PM) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2). While structure and composition of organic aerosol are important for understanding PM formation, the molecular speciation of organic ambient aerosol remains largely unknown. The spatial distribution of reactive nitrogen is likewise poorly constrained. To examine water-soluble organic aerosol (WSOA) during an air pollution episode, I designed and implemented a shrouded aerosol inlet system to collect PM onto quartz fiber filters from a Cessna 402 research aircraft. Inlet evaluation conducted during a side-by-side flight with the NASA P3 demonstrated agreement to within 30%. An ion chromatographic mass spectrometric method developed using the NIST Standard Reference Material (SRM) 1649b Urban Dust, as a surrogate material resulted in acidic class separation and resolution of at least 34 organic acids; detection limits approach pg/g concentrations. Analysis of aircraft filter samples resulted in detection of 8 inorganic species and 16 organic acids of which 12 were quantified. Aged, re-circulated metropolitan air showed a greater number of dicarboxylic acids compared to air recently transported from the west. While the NAAQS for NO2 is rarely exceeded, it is a precursor molecule for ozone, America's most recalcitrant pollutant. Using cavity ringdown spectroscopy employing a light emitting diode (LED), I measured vertical profiles of NO2 (surface to 2.5 km) west (upwind) of the Baltimore/Washington, area in the morning, and east (downwind) in the afternoon. Column contents (altitude integrals of concentration) were remarkably similar (?3x1015 molecules cm-2 ). These measurements indicate that NO2 is widely distributed over the eastern US and help quantify the regional nature of smog events and prove extensive interstate transport of pollutants. These results were used to help shape air pollution control policy based on solid science.

  7. National Energy Efficiency Evaluation, Measurement and Verification (EM&V) Standard: Scoping Study of Issues and Implementation Requirements

    SciTech Connect

    Schiller Consulting, Inc.; Schiller, Steven R.; Goldman, Charles A.; Galawish, Elsia

    2011-02-04

    This report is a scoping study that identifies issues associated with developing a national evaluation, measurement and verification (EM&V) standard for end-use, non-transportation, energy efficiency activities. The objectives of this study are to identify the scope of such a standard and define EM&V requirements and issues that will need to be addressed in a standard. To explore these issues, we provide and discuss: (1) a set of definitions applicable to an EM&V standard; (2) a literature review of existing guidelines, standards, and 'initiatives' relating to EM&V standards as well as a review of 'bottom-up' versus 'top-down' evaluation approaches; (3) a summary of EM&V related provisions of two recent federal legislative proposals (Congressman Waxman's and Markey's American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 and Senator Bingaman's American Clean Energy Leadership Act of 2009) that include national efficiency resource requirements; (4) an annotated list of issues that that are likely to be central to, and need to be considered when, developing a national EM&V standard; and (5) a discussion of the implications of such issues. There are three primary reasons for developing a national efficiency EM&V standard. First, some policy makers, regulators and practitioners believe that a national standard would streamline EM&V implementation, reduce costs and complexity, and improve comparability of results across jurisdictions; although there are benefits associated with each jurisdiction setting its own EM&V requirements based on their specific portfolio and evaluation budgets and objectives. Secondly, if energy efficiency is determined by the US Environmental Protection Agency to be a Best Available Control Technology (BACT) for avoiding criteria pollutant and/or greenhouse gas emissions, then a standard can be required for documenting the emission reductions resulting from efficiency actions. The third reason for a national EM&V standard is that such a standard is likely to be required as a result of future federal energy legislation that includes end-use energy efficiency, either as a stand-alone energy-efficiency resource standard (EERS) or as part of a clean energy or renewable energy standard. This study is focused primarily on this third reason and thus explores issues associated with a national EM&V standard if energy efficiency is a qualifying resource in federal clean energy legislation. Developing a national EM&V standard is likely to be a lengthy process; this study focuses on the critical first step of identifying the issues that must be addressed in a future standard. Perhaps the most fundamental of these issues is 'how good is good enough?' This has always been the fundamental issue of EM&V for energy efficiency and is a result of the counter-factual nature of efficiency. Counter-factual in that savings are not measured, but estimated to varying degrees of accuracy by comparing energy consumption after a project (program) is implemented with what is assumed to have been the consumption of energy in the absence of the project (program). Therefore, the how good is good enough question is a short version of asking how certain does one have to be of the energy savings estimate that results from EM&V activities and is that level of certainty properly balanced against the amount of effort (resources, time, money) that is utilized to obtain that level of certainty. The implication is that not only should energy efficiency investments be cost-effective, but EM&V investments should consider risk management principles and thus also balance the costs and value of information derived from EM&V (EM&V should also be cost-effective).

  8. Standards for holdup measurement

    SciTech Connect

    Zucker, M.S.

    1982-01-01

    Holdup measurement, needed for material balance, depend intensively on standards and on interpretation of the calibration procedure. More than other measurements, the calibration procedure using the standard becomes part of the standard. Standards practical for field use and calibration techniques have been developed. While accuracy in holdup measurements is comparatively poor, avoidance of bias is a necessary goal.

  9. Collaborative Outcome Measurement: Development of the Nationally Standardized Minimum Data Set

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stephens, Barry C.; Kirchner, Corinne; Orr, Alberta L.; Suvino, Dawn; Rogers, Priscilla

    2009-01-01

    This article discusses the challenging process of developing a common data set for independent living programs serving older adults who are visually impaired. The three-year project, which included collaborative efforts among many stakeholders that encompass diverse program models, resulted in the development of the Internet-based Nationally

  10. National Health Care Skill Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Consortium on Health Science and Technology Education, Okemos, MI.

    This document presents the National Health Care Skill Standards, which were developed by the National Consortium on Health Science and Technology and West Ed Regional Research Laboratory, in partnership with educators and health care employers. The document begins with an overview of the purpose and benefits of skill standards. Presented next are…

  11. Ultraviolet Radiation Dose National Standard of México

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cardoso, R.; Rosas, E.

    2006-09-01

    We present the Ultraviolet (UV) Radiation Dose National Standard for México. The establishment of this measurement reference at Centro Nacional de Metrología (CENAM) eliminates the need of contacting foreign suppliers in the search for traceability towards the SI units when calibrating instruments at 365 nm. Further more, the UV Radiation Dose National Standard constitutes a highly accurate and reliable source for the UV radiation dose measurements performed in medical and cosmetic treatments as in the the food and pharmaceutics disinfection processes, among other.

  12. Foundations of Metrology: Important Early Works on Weights and Measures in the Library of the National Bureau of Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Terner, Janet R.

    The purpose of this project was to survey the National Bureau of Standards library holdings of pre-1900 works on metrology and from these, to assemble a special collection of historically important documents. The 265 imprints selected for the collection are listed in this report. Each entry includes the main author, title, imprint, and collation…

  13. STANDARDS FOR MEASUREMENTS AND TESTING OF WIND TURBINE POWER QUALITY Poul Srensen, Ris National Laboratory, P.O.Box 49, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark.

    E-print Network

    Heinemann, Detlev

    STANDARDS FOR MEASUREMENTS AND TESTING OF WIND TURBINE POWER QUALITY Poul Sørensen, Risø National and verification of wind turbine power quality. The work has been organised in three major activities. The first farm summation on the power quality of wind turbines with constant rotor speed. The third activity has

  14. RADC/NBS (Rome Air Development Center/National Bureau of Standards) Workshop. Moisture Measurement and Control for Microelectronics (4)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kane, Didier; Moore, Benjamin A.; Walters, E. Jane

    1987-06-01

    The fourth workshop on Moisture Measurement and Control for Microelectronics served as a forum on moisture and/or materials reliability problems and on ways to control them or measure their extent. Twenty-two presentations are included which contain detailed information on hermeticity measurement and definition; development of standard packages for mass spectrometric calibrations; moisture interaction with various materials; and techniques that can be used to measure moisture microelectronics. It was clear from several presentations in the workshop that a very systematic approach is needed when organic materials are involved; all the variables must be identified and studied one at a time. This is the key to lot-to-lot reproducibility, materials selection, and control; hence a better reliability at the design phase will decrease the need for testing; hence the cost, thus resulting in a greater satisfaction to the customer.

  15. Methods and standards for environmental measurement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kirchhoff

    1977-01-01

    This book presents the Proceedings of the 8th Materials Research Symposium on ''Methods and standards for Environmental Measurement'' held at the National Bureau of Standards, Gaithersburg, Maryland, on September 20 through September 24, 1976. The Symposium was sponsored by the NBS Institute for Materials Research in conjunction with the Office of Air and Water Measurement. The volume contains extended abstracts

  16. Information Technology: American National Standard for

    E-print Network

    Information Technology: American National Standard for Information Systems-- Data Format Publication 500-245 Information Technology: American National Standard for Information Systems-- Data Format for the Interchange of Fingerprint, Facial, & Scar Mark & Tattoo (SMT) Information Sponsored by Information Technology

  17. Measurement of the optical properties of solid biomedical phantoms at the National Institute of Standards and Technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lemaillet, Paul; Allen, David W.; Hwang, Jeeseong

    2015-03-01

    Solid phantoms that serve as a proxy for human tissue provide a convenient test subject for optical medical imaging devices. In order to determine the quantitative performance of a given system, the absolute optical properties of the test subject must be known. Currently there is no national scale applicable to the scattering and absorption properties of solid diffuse tissue phantoms that would provide traceability and estimated measurement uncertainties for optical imaging applications. This paper describes progress in the development of a facility dedicated to the determination of the optical properties of solid biomedical phantoms. A brief description of the system, data analysis, Graphical User Interface (GUI), and measurement uncertainties is presented. The design is based on a double-integrating sphere, steady-state domain approach. The initial evaluation of the system includes the measurement of solid phantoms and a comparison to the manufacturer's values that were determined by a time resolved approach. The initial results indicate that measurement agreement is within the estimated uncertainties with the coverage factor k=2.

  18. Nanoscale Stress Measurements and Standards

    E-print Network

    Magee, Joseph W.

    Nanoscale Stress Measurements and Standards SEMICONDUCTORS Our objective is to develop accurate measurement methods for the nanoscale stress distributions and surface defects that control device performance % CAGR and 41 % US share. · Measurement of stress distributions around transistors in semiconductor

  19. The Controversy on National Standards for History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapin, June R.

    This paper examines the controversy generated by the 1994 release of the "National Standards for United States History: Exploring the American Experience (5-12)" and "National Standards for World History: Exploring Paths to the Present (5-12)." The standards engendered protests as conservatives and others charged that it was a "politically…

  20. National Educational Technology. Standards for Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Society for Technology in Education, Eugene, OR.

    The primary goals of the National Educational Technology Standards (NETS) project is to enable stakeholders in PreK-12 education to develop national standards for the educational uses of technology that will facilitate school improvement in the United States. The NETS Project will develop standards to guide educational leaders in recognizing and…

  1. Coordinate Standard Measurement Development

    SciTech Connect

    Hanshaw, R.A.

    2000-02-18

    A Shelton Precision Interferometer Base, which is used for calibration of coordinate standards, was improved through hardware replacement, software geometry error correction, and reduction of vibration effects. Substantial increases in resolution and reliability, as well as reduction in sampling time, were achieved through hardware replacement; vibration effects were reduced substantially through modification of the machine component dampening and software routines; and the majority of the machine's geometry error was corrected through software geometry error correction. Because of these modifications, the uncertainty of coordinate standards calibrated on this device has been reduced dramatically.

  2. The Arts and National Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greene, Maxine

    1994-01-01

    Standards in art education contradict the nature of art: the unexpected, the imagined, the explorations and creative discoveries. What must be communicated is the importance of the arts and aesthetic education, the nurture of informed understanding of art, and meaningful standards that emerge intrinsically and are not imposed extrinsically (SK)

  3. Do We Need National Standards or What?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bracey, Gerald W.

    2009-01-01

    The National Governors Association (NGA) and the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO), working with several other groups, launched a project to develop a "common core" of standards that, if adopted by the states, would give a set of national standards in reading and mathematics with other subjects to come later. The author says that…

  4. National Quality Standards for Volunteer Literacy Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laubach Literacy International, Syracuse, NY.

    This document lists the national quality standards for volunteer literacy programs that were developed by Laubach Literacy Action in a 2-year project that began in 1994 and involved the following activities: extensive review of existing literacy quality standards and guidelines; analysis of previous national efforts to identify the elements…

  5. National Agenda for Hydrogen Codes and Standards

    SciTech Connect

    Blake, C.

    2010-05-01

    This paper provides an overview of hydrogen codes and standards with an emphasis on the national effort supported and managed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). With the help and cooperation of standards and model code development organizations, industry, and other interested parties, DOE has established a coordinated national agenda for hydrogen and fuel cell codes and standards. With the adoption of the Research, Development, and Demonstration Roadmap and with its implementation through the Codes and Standards Technical Team, DOE helps strengthen the scientific basis for requirements incorporated in codes and standards that, in turn, will facilitate international market receptivity for hydrogen and fuel cell technologies.

  6. Comparison of national space debris mitigation standards

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kato, A.

    2001-01-01

    Several national organizations of the space faring nations have established Space Debris Mitigation Standards or Handbooks to promote efforts to deal with the space debris issue. This paper introduces the characteristics of each document and compares the structure, items and level of requirements. The contents of these standards may be slightly different from each other but the fundamental principles are almost the same; they are (1) prevention of on-orbit breakups, (2) removal of mission terminated spacecraft from the useful orbit regions, and (3) limiting the objects released during normal operations. The Inter-Agency Space Debris Coordination Committee has contributed considerably to this trend. The Committee also found out by its recent survey that some commercial companies have begun to adopt the debris mitigation measures for their projects. However, the number of organizations that have initiated this kind of self-control is still limited, so the next challenge of the Committee is to promote the Space Debris Mitigation Guidelines world-wide. IADC initiated this project in October 1999 and a draft is being circulated among the member agencies.

  7. Standards and Measurements for Assessing Bone Health—Workshop Report Co-Sponsored by the International Society for Clinical Densitometry (ISCD) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Herbert S. Bennett; Andrew Dienstfrey; Lawrence T. Hudson; Tammy Oreskovic; Thomas Fuerst; John Shepherd

    2006-01-01

    This article reports and discusses the results of the recent ISCD–NIST Workshop on Standards and Measurements for Assessing Bone Health. The purpose of the workshop was to assess the status of efforts to standardize and compare results from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans, and then to identify and prioritize ongoing measurement and standards needs.

  8. Problem Solving 1 NCTM National Mathematics Standards

    E-print Network

    Lee, Carl

    a foundation for school mathematics programs by considering the broad issues of equity, curriculum, teachingProblem Solving 1 NCTM National Mathematics Standards The following comes from the website standards.nctm.org/document/chapter1/index.htm Introduction We live in a mathematical world. Whenever we

  9. National Apprenticeship and Training Standards for Carpentry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Joint Carpentry Apprenticeship Committee, Washington, DC.

    The carpentry work standards contained in the guide cover basic requirements for effective apprenticeship and are offered to assist local organizations of contractors and journeymen in establishing local systems of apprenticeship and improving existing systems. Twenty-five items to be considered when adapting national standards to local use are…

  10. The National History Standards and George Washington.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nash, Gary B.

    1997-01-01

    Defends the National History Standards against the criticism that they virtually eliminated George Washington from the history curriculum. Maintains that this criticism is politically motivated. Provides many examples from the Standards mandating and supporting the study of Washington and his contributions. (MJP)

  11. Implementing the National Standard for Spatial Data Accuracy (DRAFT)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Minnesota Planning has made available this Web version (.pdf format) of Implementing the National Standard for Spatial Data Accuracy. This report describes how "positional accuracy can be measured and reported for databases that contain geographic features like roads, rivers, and property lines." Sections included at the website are: Implementing the National Standard for Spatial Data Accuracy, Case study from the City of Minneapolis - Digital Orthophotos, Case study from the Washington County Parcel Database, Case study from the Lawrence Group - Twin Cities Metro Area Street Centerline Database, National Map Accuracy Standards, and accuracy statistic worksheets in Excel format. The user can also order a printed copy of this draft handbook.

  12. PET Performance Measurements for an LSO- Based Combined PET\\/CT Scanner Using the National Electrical Manufacturers Association NU 2-2001 Standard

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yusuf E. Erdi; Sadek A. Nehmeh; Tim Mulnix; John L. Humm; Charles C. Watson

    Results of performance measurements for a lutetium oxy- orthosilicate (LSO)-based PET\\/CT scanner using new Na- tional Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) NU 2-2001 standards are reported. Methods: Performance mea- surements following the NU 2-2001 standards were per- formed on an LSO-based PET\\/CT scanner. In addition, issues associated with the application of the NEMA standard to LSO-based tomographs in the presence of

  13. 50 CFR 600.320 - National Standard 3-Management Units.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false National Standard 3-Management Units. 600.320 Section 600...Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC... § 600.320 National Standard 3—Management Units. (a) Standard 3....

  14. Standards for discharge measurement with standardized nozzles and orifices

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1940-01-01

    The following standards give the standardized forms for two throttling devices, standard nozzles and standard orifices, and enable them to be used in circular pipes without calibration. The definition of the standards are applicable in principle to the calibration and use of nonstandardized throttling devices, such as the venturi tube. The standards are valid, likewise, as a basis for discharge measurements in the German acceptance standards.

  15. Blood Cholesterol Measurement in Clinical Laboratories in the United States. Current Status. A Report from the Laboratory Standardization Panel of the National Cholesterol Education Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Heart, Lung, and Blood Inst. (DHHS/NIH), Bethesda, MD.

    Precise and accurate cholesterol measurements are required to identify and treat individuals with high blood cholesterol levels. However, the current state of reliability of blood cholesterol measurements suggests that considerable inaccuracy in cholesterol testing exists. This report describes the Laboratory Standardization Panel findings on the…

  16. National Standards for High School Psychology Curricula

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Psychologist, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The "National Standards for High School Psychology Curricula" attempts to represent current knowledge in the field of psychology in developmentally appropriate ways. Psychology is a popular high school course, one that can introduce students to scientific ideas and engage students in the learning process. However, it is difficult for even the best…

  17. National Standards for Quality Online Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pape, Liz; Wicks, Matthew

    2009-01-01

    The mission of the International Association for K-12 Online Learning, iNACOL, is to ensure all students have access to a world-class education and quality online learning opportunities that prepare them for a lifetime of success. This document, the International Association for K-12 Online Learning's (iNACOL) "National Standards for Quality…

  18. National Standards for Quality Online Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North American Council for Online Learning, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The mission of the North American Council for Online Learning (NACOL) is to increase educational opportunities and enhance learning by providing collegial expertise and leadership in K-12 online teaching and learning. "National Standards for Quality Online Teaching" is designed to provide states, districts, online programs, and other organizations…

  19. National Standards of Quality for Online Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North American Council for Online Learning, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The mission of the North American Council for Online Learning (NACOL) is to increase educational opportunities and enhance learning by providing collegial expertise and leadership in K-12 online teaching and learning. "National Standards for Online Course Quality" is designed to provide states, districts, online programs, and other organizations…

  20. National Standards for Athletic Coaches. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brylinsky, Jody

    This digest asserts that the question of coach preparation and training has become a priority issue for many schools and communities, though the research is limited. It examines reasons to have coach education; the scope of sport participation; the status of coach education and training in the United States; National standards for coach education;…

  1. 40 CFR 50.12 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. 50.12 Section 50.12 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. (a) National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead and its compounds, measured as...

  2. 40 CFR 50.12 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. 50.12 Section 50.12 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. (a) National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead and its compounds, measured as...

  3. 40 CFR 50.12 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. 50.12 Section 50.12 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. (a) National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead and its compounds, measured as...

  4. The Movement for National Academic Standards: A Comparison of the Common Core State Standards Initiative in the USA and the National Curriculum in Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watt, Michael

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the nature of activities in the change process undertaken by two initiatives to produce national standards in academic disciplines, national assessments and accountability measures. The Common Core State Standards Initiative, a project coordinated by the National Governors Association and the Council of…

  5. Living Standards Measurement Study (LSMS)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Living Standards Measurements Study (LSMS) Website, from the World Bank Group, serves as a resource for researchers, worldwide, with data sets and methodological lessons taken from LSMS's household surveys. This site guides users through an introduction to LSMS and includes a five-step process to determine if data will be helpful for users's needs. In addition to the actual data, the site features a huge bibliography of several hundred research reports based on LSMS information and studies and activities that have used this information.

  6. Establishing national health goals and standards.

    PubMed Central

    Zwick, D I

    1983-01-01

    Four statements of national health goals and standards were proclaimed from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services during the 1970s. Two were based on statutory mandates--the National Guidelines for Health Planning and the Model Standards for Community Preventive Health Services. Two were the results of administrative initiatives--the Forward Plans for Health and the complementary publications "Healthy People" and "Promoting Health/Preventing Disease". These efforts present a variety of approaches and experiences and can provide direction and lessons for future endeavors along these lines. The four issuances include guidance on national priorities, resource standards, and accessibility to care. They also offer goals and objectives for local services and health status. They address a multiplicity of issues, ranging from hospital bed supply and recommended uses of specialized medical equipment to infant mortality and proposed reductions in death and disability. Almost all urge further actions to prevent illness and promote health. The development of statements of national health goals and standards has been advocated by some experts and questioned by others. Advocates believe that these materials can help clarify purposes and priorities for health programs, resulting in more effective and efficient uses of resources and greater accountability. Critics are particularly concerned about deleterious impacts on creativity and local initiatives. Among the major lessons identifiable from these undertakings is the importance of committed leadership, broad-based consultation, and reliable data. Implementation inevitably encounters the complexities of the health system and depends upon available resources. In influencing the agenda of deliberation and debate, the symbolic value of these statements may often be more significant than the specific details. The continuing interest in these approaches suggests that future efforts along these lines are likely. PMID:6414027

  7. National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    National Institute of Standards and Technology William A. Jeffrey Director Technology Administration Michelle O'Neill Acting Under Secretary of Commerce and Technology U.S. Department of Commerce;3 #12;4 #12;5 #12;6 #12;7 #12;8 #12;9 #12;10 #12;11 #12;12 #12;13 #12;14 #12;15 #12;16 #12;Lawrence H

  8. Using National Standards to Improve K-8 Science Curriculum Materials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roseman, Jo Ellen; Koppal, Mary

    2008-01-01

    With increased emphasis on state standards and assessments in science, one might question whether there is still a role for national science standards and benchmarks. This article makes a case for the importance of national guidelines and identifies key functions performed by the National Research Council's "National Science Education Standards"…

  9. Why We Should Establish a National System of Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hennen, Thomas J., Jr.

    2000-01-01

    Explains the need to establish a national system of standards for public libraries. Discusses local standards, state standards, and international standards, and suggests adopting a tiered approach including three levels: minimum standards; target standards; and benchmarking standards, as found in total quality management. (LRW)

  10. On measuring standards in Weyl's geometry

    E-print Network

    Mark Israelit

    2007-10-19

    In Weyl's geometry the nonintegrability problem and difficulties in defining measuring standards are reconsidered. Approaches removing the nonintegrability of lengthin in the interior of atoms are given, so that atoms may serve as measuring standards. The Weyl space become a well founded framework for classical theories of gravitation and electromagnetism,

  11. Measuring Thinking with Standardized Science Tests.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgenstern, Carol Faltin; Renner, John W.

    1984-01-01

    Determined which of 10 rational thinking powers are measured by 12 commercially-available standardized science tests. One result reported is that 90 percent of the test items required only recall. The conclusion was drawn that the producers of standardized tests are not concerned with measuring student achievement of the rational powers.…

  12. 36 CFR 1281.16 - What standard does NARA use for measuring building size?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 true What standard does NARA use for measuring building size? 1281...NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION NARA FACILITIES PRESIDENTIAL LIBRARY FACILITIES § 1281.16 What standard does NARA use for measuring building size?...

  13. 36 CFR 1281.16 - What standard does NARA use for measuring building size?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false What standard does NARA use for measuring building size? 1281...NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION NARA FACILITIES PRESIDENTIAL LIBRARY FACILITIES § 1281.16 What standard does NARA use for measuring building size?...

  14. 36 CFR 1281.16 - What standard does NARA use for measuring building size?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 false What standard does NARA use for measuring building size? 1281...NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION NARA FACILITIES PRESIDENTIAL LIBRARY FACILITIES § 1281.16 What standard does NARA use for measuring building size?...

  15. 36 CFR 1281.16 - What standard does NARA use for measuring building size?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false What standard does NARA use for measuring building size? 1281...NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION NARA FACILITIES PRESIDENTIAL LIBRARY FACILITIES § 1281.16 What standard does NARA use for measuring building size?...

  16. 36 CFR 1281.16 - What standard does NARA use for measuring building size?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 false What standard does NARA use for measuring building size? 1281...NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION NARA FACILITIES PRESIDENTIAL LIBRARY FACILITIES § 1281.16 What standard does NARA use for measuring building size?...

  17. voluntary product standard ps 1-07 National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    Structural Plywood voluntary product standard ps 1-07 National Institute of Standards and Technology Technology Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce #12;Voluntary Product Standard PS 1) VOLUNTARY PRODUCT STANDARDS DOC Voluntary Product Standards are developed under procedures published

  18. 77 FR 48129 - National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board Membership

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-13

    ...COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board Membership AGENCY: National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce. ACTION:...

  19. Harmonizing national with international standards in Japan

    SciTech Connect

    Hohki, Keiichi [Tokyo Electric Power Co. (Japan); Hammons, T.J. [Univ. of Glasgow (United Kingdom)

    1996-05-01

    This paper presents a Japanese engineer`s view on harmonization of global standards as the key factor in maintaining and promoting free trade. Japan is endowed with almost no natural resources, and, for this reason, Japan must rely on international trade to sustain its standard of living. Japan fully recognizes that the maintenance and promotion of mutually beneficial free trade is indispensable for cooperation in an international society, and is essential for Japan`s survival. It is very clear that the promotion of the international harmonization of standards is the key factor in the maintenance and promotion of free trade. And Japan is one of the countries most eagerly hoping for its realization. The authors focus on three issues concerning the international harmonization of Japanese standards: (1) Efforts Japan has made for the harmonization of Japanese standards with international ones; (2) natural or tectonic circumstances unique to Japanese standards; and (3) relationship between standard harmonization and international trade.

  20. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Voluntary Laboratory to Larry Knab at 301-975-6712, or lawrence.knab@nist.gov>. NVLAP LAB BULLETIN NUMBER: LB-18-2007 PAGE: 1

  1. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Voluntary Laboratory to Larry Knab at 301-975-6712, or lawrence.knab@nist.gov>. NVLAP LAB BULLETIN NUMBER: LB-19-2007 PAGE: 1

  2. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Voluntary Laboratory to Larry Knab at 301-975-6712, or lawrence.knab@nist.gov>. NVLAP LAB BULLETIN NUMBER: LB-16-2007 PAGE: 1

  3. The Need for National Credentialing Standards for Addiction Counselors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Geri; Scarborough, Jim; Clark, Catherine; Leonard, Justin C.; Keziah, Tyler B.

    2010-01-01

    The authors review the current state of credentialing for addiction counselors in the United States and provide recommendations to the addiction counseling field regarding national standards for credentialing.

  4. Standard Model measurements with the ATLAS detector

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hassani, Samira

    2015-05-01

    Various Standard Model measurements have been performed in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of ?s = 7 and 8 TeV using the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider. A review of a selection of the latest results of electroweak measurements, W/Z production in association with jets, jet physics and soft QCD is given. Measurements are in general found to be well described by the Standard Model predictions.

  5. Whose History? The Struggle for National Standards in American Classrooms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Symcox, Linda

    In the 1990s the debate over what and whose history should be taught in U.S. schools resonated through the halls of the U.S. Congress, the national press, and the nation's schools. Some politicians and pundits denounced the findings of the National Standards for History, which subsequently became a major battleground in the nation's ongoing…

  6. National Standards for History. Basic Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for History in the Schools, Los Angeles, CA.

    This revised guide is intended for teachers to aid in development of history curriculum in the schools and explains what students should know and be able to do in each of the grade levels. The book addresses two types of standards: (1) historical thinking skills; and (2) historical understandings. Standards in history for grades K-4 include: (1)…

  7. Debunking the Case for National Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kohn, Alfie

    2010-01-01

    Throughout the 1990s, one state after another adopted prescriptive education standards enforced by frequent standardized testing, often of the high-stakes variety. A top-down, get-tough movement to impose "accountability" began to squeeze the life out of classrooms. Recently, politicians, corporate CEOs, and testing companies are trying to sell…

  8. National Apprenticeship Standards for Automotive Machinist.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training.

    These 24 standards have been adopted by the Automotive Service Industry Association to provide well-planned, properly supervised training for apprentices to develop into competent machinists. The goal of the standards is to establish and maintain high criteria of workmanship, to develop knowledge by workers of technical and theoretical aspects of…

  9. Measurements of standard model processes at ATLAS

    E-print Network

    John Alison

    2011-06-08

    With over 45/pb of 7 TeV pp collisions recorded, the ATLAS Standard Model physics program is well under way. These proceedings survey the latest tests of the Standard Model at this unprecedented energy scale. An overview of recent ATLAS results is given. Measurements of the W charge asymmetry, di-boson production, and single top-quark production are highlighted.

  10. TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION PROGRAM National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    Magee, Joseph W.

    TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION PROGRAM National Institute of Standards and Technology Gaithersburg, MD 20899 ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES FOR CIVIL INFRASTRUCTURE The Technology Innovation Program (TIP) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology was established to assist U.S. businesses and institutions of higher

  11. Profiles of the National Industry Skills Standards Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rahn, Mikala L., Comp.

    In an effort to develop a more uniform and comprehensive system of national skill standards, the U.S. Departments of Education and Labor have awarded grants to 22 technical committees, composed of representatives from business, labor, and education, in a variety of industries and occupations. These projects will begin proposing national standards

  12. 77 FR 68684 - Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Head Protection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-16

    ...1915, 1917, 1918, and 1926 [Docket No. OSHA-2011-0184] RIN 1218-AC65 Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards...Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Labor. ACTION: Final rule;...

  13. 77 FR 68717 - Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Head Protection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-16

    ...OSH-2011-0184] RIN 1218-AC65 Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards...Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Labor. ACTION: Proposed rule; withdrawal...SUMMARY: With this notice, OSHA is withdrawing the proposed rule that...

  14. 78 FR 66642 - Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Signage

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-06

    ...Administration 29 CFR Parts 1910 and 1926 [Docket No. OSHA-2013-0005] RIN 1218-AC77 Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards...Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Department of Labor. ACTION: Final...

  15. USDA NATIONAL NUTRIENT DATABASE FOR STANDARD REFERENCE

    EPA Science Inventory

    The USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference (SR) is the major source of food composition data in the United States. It provides the foundation for most food composition databases in the public and private sectors....

  16. National Residential Efficiency Measures Database

    DOE Data Explorer

    The National Residential Efficiency Measures Database is a publicly available, centralized resource of residential building retrofit measures and costs for the U.S. building industry. With support from the U.S. Department of Energy, NREL developed this tool to help users determine the most cost-effective retrofit measures for improving energy efficiency of existing homes. Software developers who require residential retrofit performance and cost data for applications that evaluate residential efficiency measures are the primary audience for this database. In addition, home performance contractors and manufacturers of residential materials and equipment may find this information useful. The database offers the following types of retrofit measures: 1) Appliances, 2) Domestic Hot Water, 3) Enclosure, 4) Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning (HVAC), 5) Lighting, 6) Miscellaneous.

  17. Hazardous Materials Management Technology. National Voluntary Skills Standard.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Occupational Research and Development, Inc., Waco, TX.

    Developed by workers, trainers, and professionals in the field, this guide contains a proposed national standard for hazardous materials management technology. The guide first discusses the need for and the development of skills standards, then introduces the hazardous materials management technology standard and the four subgroups of occupations…

  18. National Standards for Family and Consumer Sciences Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of State Administrators for Family and Consumer Sciences.

    The document presents a new set of standards for family and consumer sciences (FACS) education. Section 1 is a three-chapter overview. Chapter 1 addresses the rationale for change and the FACS vision and mission. Chapter 2 describes the approach to develop the national standards, FACS format, and components of the standards. Chapter 3 provides…

  19. National Education Standards: The Complex Challenge for Educational Leaders.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Faidley, Ray; Musser, Steven

    1991-01-01

    National standards for education are important elements in the excellence process, but standards imposed by a central authority simply do not work in the Information Era. It would be wise to increase teachers' decision-making role in establishing and implementing local level excellence standards and train teachers to employ the Japanese "kaizen"…

  20. RADC\\/NBS (Rome Air Development Center\\/National Bureau of Standards) Workshop. Moisture Measurement and Control for Semiconductor Devices, 3

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. A. Moore; S. Ruthberg

    1984-01-01

    Measurement problems in integrated circuit processing and assembly, and control of moisture in hermetically packaged semiconductor devices were examined. Thirty-four presentations are included which contain detailed information for securing hermetic packages with low moisture content. Agreement in measurement was obtained with the mass spectrometer for cerdip and metal packages at the 5000 ppmv level of moisture through the use of

  1. National Standards Gain Steam: Governors' Embrace Rooted in Competitiveness Concerns

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoff, David J.

    2009-01-01

    This article reports that the National standards--once the untouchable "third rail" of American education policy--now have the backing of the nation's governors, a growing number of education leaders, and the U.S. secretary of education. The National Governors Association last week adopted a policy statement endorsing a process to develop common…

  2. National Bureau of Standards/National Computer Security Center National Computer Security Conference

    E-print Network

    _ter Security Conference. The past nine conferences have stimulated the sharing of information of Standards 15 A Mission-Critical Approach to Network Security Howard L. Johnson, Information Intelligence Pinsky, National Computer Security Center Verification Theory 109 m-EVES Dan Craigen, I. P. Sharp

  3. STANDARD MEASUREMENT PROTOCOLS - FLORIDA RADON RESEARCH PROGRAM

    EPA Science Inventory

    The manual, in support of the Florida Radon Research Program, contains standard protocols for key measurements where data quality is vital to the program. t contains two sections. he first section, soil measurements, contains field sampling protocols for soil gas permeability and...

  4. National storm water quality regulations and standards

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Larry A. Roesner; A. Charles Rowney

    1996-01-01

    This paper reviews the storm water quality regulations of six major industrialized nations: The United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Germany, Australia and Japan, the order being set by the principal authors (both North America) who consider this to be a logical geographical order. The main purpose of the paper is simply to introduce the interested reader to these rules as

  5. Environmental Management Department Quality Assurance Project Plan for Radionuclide Emission Measurements Project for compliance with National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP)

    SciTech Connect

    Poole, D A

    1992-06-01

    This Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) satisfies the quality assurance (QA) requirements in 40 CFR Part 61, Method 114, for ensuring that the radionuclide air emission measurements from the Y-12 Plant are representative; of a known precision and accuracy; and include administrative controls to ensure prompt response when emission measurements indicate an increase over normal radionuclide emissions. The QAPP ensures the quality of the Y-12 Plant radionuclide emission measurements data from the continuous samplers, breakthrough monitors, and minor radionuclide release points. The plan specifies the procedures for the management of the activities affecting the quality of the data for the Y-12 Plant Environmental Management Department (EMD) within the Health, Safety, Environment, and Accountability Division (HSEA).

  6. National Center for Standards and Certification Information: Service and programs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Overman, Joanne

    1994-01-01

    The National Center for Standards and Certification Information (NCSCI) provides information on U.S., foreign and international voluntary standards, government regulations, and conformity assessment procedures for non-agricultural products. The Center serves as a referral service and focal point in the United States for information on standards and standards-related information. NCSCI staff respond to inquiries, maintain a reference collection of standards and standards-related documents, and serve as the U.S. inquiry point for information to and from foreign countries.

  7. Standard Model Measurements with the ATLAS detector

    E-print Network

    Li, Shu; The ATLAS collaboration

    2015-01-01

    Plenary talk on the topic of Standard Model Measurements on behalf of ATLAS collaboration at Hadron Structure 2015 conference. The talk covers a broad range of SM topics measured in ATLAS Run-I including QCD and Electroweak physics (V+X, multi-boson, photon and jet physics) with the most up-to-date SM measurement results to be presented to the audience so as to have a quick first-time catch of the overview of ATLAS SM physics.

  8. Early Standard Model measurements with ATLAS

    E-print Network

    T. Ince; for the ATLAS collaboration

    2009-05-28

    The measurement of Standard Model processes will be an important first step towards exploiting the discovery potential of the Large Hadron Collider, the highest energy accelerator ever built that will begin operation in the fall 2009. This paper presents a summary of the early physics analyses for understanding the performance of the detector as well as the Standard Model at the ATLAS experiment at 14 TeV centre of mass energy.

  9. National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Major Sources: Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boilers; Guidance for Calculating Efficiency Credits Resulting from Implementation of Energy Conservation Measures

    SciTech Connect

    Cox, Daryl [ORNL; Papar, Riyaz [Hudson Technologies; Wright, Dr. Anthony [ALW Consulting

    2013-02-01

    The purpose of this document is to provide guidance for developing a consistent approach to documenting efficiency credits generated from energy conservation measures in the Implementation Plan for boilers covered by the Boiler MACT rule (i.e., subpart DDDDD of CFR part 63). This document divides Boiler System conservation opportunities into four functional areas: 1) the boiler itself, 2) the condensate recovery system, 3) the distribution system, and 4) the end uses of the steam. This document provides technical information for documenting emissions credits proposed in the Implementation Plan for functional areas 2) though 4). This document does not include efficiency improvements related to the Boiler tune-ups.

  10. National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Major Sources: Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boilers; Guidance for Calculating Emission Credits Resulting from Implementation of Energy Conservation Measures

    SciTech Connect

    Cox, Daryl [ORNL; Papar, Riyaz [Hudson Technologies; Wright, Dr. Anthony [ALW Consulting

    2012-07-01

    The purpose of this document is to provide guidance for developing a consistent approach to documenting efficiency credits generated from energy conservation measures in the Implementation Plan for boilers covered by the Boiler MACT rule (i.e., subpart DDDDD of CFR part 63). This document divides Boiler System conservation opportunities into four functional areas: 1) the boiler itself, 2) the condensate recovery system, 3) the distribution system, and 4) the end uses of the steam. This document provides technical information for documenting emissions credits proposed in the Implementation Plan for functional areas 2) though 4). This document does not include efficiency improvements related to the Boiler tune-ups.

  11. National colloquium: developing national standards for industry, government, and academia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Corey D. Schou; W. V. Maconachy; William Murray; Mark A. Wilson

    1999-01-01

    The National Colloquium for Information Systems Security Education (the Colloquium) was established in 1997 to serve as a living body to bring government, industry, and academia together to meet the challenges of information security. All aspects of our lives and all aspects of our social, economic and political system are becoming increasingly dependent on our information and communications infrastructure. The

  12. 40 CFR 52.1024 - Attainment dates for national standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Maine § 52.1024 Attainment dates for national standards. The following table presents the latest dates by which the...

  13. 40 CFR 52.1024 - Attainment dates for national standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Maine § 52.1024 Attainment dates for national standards. The following table presents the latest dates by which the...

  14. 40 CFR 52.1024 - Attainment dates for national standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Maine § 52.1024 Attainment dates for national standards. The following table presents the latest dates by which the...

  15. 40 CFR 52.1024 - Attainment dates for national standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Maine § 52.1024 Attainment dates for national standards. The following table presents the latest dates by which the...

  16. NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LABORATORY ACCREDITATION CONFERENCE (NELAC): CONSTITUTION, BYLAWS, AND STANDARDS

    EPA Science Inventory

    The principles and operating procedures for the National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Conference (NELAC) are contained in the NELAC Constitution and Bylaws. The major portion of this document (standards) contains detailed requirements for accrediting environmental labo...

  17. MODELING ASTEROID VESTA: TWO EXPLORATIONS NATIONAL SCIENCE EDUCATION STANDARDS ADDRESSED

    E-print Network

    MODELING ASTEROID VESTA: TWO EXPLORATIONS NATIONAL SCIENCE EDUCATION STANDARDS ADDRESSED: GRADES 5 the moon, the sun, eight [seven} other planets and their moons, and smaller objects, such as asteroids

  18. National colloquium: developing national standards for industry, government, and academia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schou, Corey D.; Maconachy, W. V.; Murray, William; Wilson, Mark A.

    1999-01-01

    The National Colloquium for Information Systems Security Education (the Colloquium) was established in 1997 to serve as a living body to bring government, industry, and academia together to meet the challenges of information security. All aspects of our lives and all aspects of our social, economic and political system are becoming increasingly dependent on our information and communications infrastructure. The security and assurance of our information and communications infrastructure should be a national priority. To address this, our nation needs an information-literate work force that is aware of its vulnerability, as well as a cadre of information professionals that are knowledgeable of the recognized 'best practices available in information security and information assurance, as called for in Presidential Decision Directive 63, May 22, 1998. It is the task of American higher education to provide that information- literate work force and to prepare information professions. To meet this priority, higher education must be informed of the knowledge, skills, and attitudes to be taught in the general curricula and in the information curricula of its colleges and universities. Industry and government must under their role in supporting higher education, not simply expecting higher education to be responsive and informed about information security and assurance.

  19. National Construction Safety Team Advisory Committee National Institute of Standards & Technology

    E-print Network

    Magee, Joseph W.

    National Construction Safety Team Advisory Committee National Institute of Standards & Technology to submit the 2006 Annual Report of the National Construction Safety Team Advisory Committee (NCSTAC on implementation of the National Construction Safety Team (NCST) Act (P.L. 107-231) and our report reflects our

  20. A New Standard for Measuring Doctoral Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fogg, Piper

    2007-01-01

    This article discusses a new standard for measuring graduate programs in the United States. The Faculty Scholarly Productivity Index, produced by Academic Analytics, a for-profit company, rates faculty members' scholarly output at nearly 7,300 doctoral programs around the country. It examines the number of book and journal articles published by…

  1. National Education Standards: Getting beneath the Surface. Policy Information Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barton, Paul E.

    2009-01-01

    This report discusses issues involved in the debate over whether the United States should have national education standards, what must be considered in creating such standards, what problems must be addressed, and what trade-offs might be required among conflicting objectives. The first section provides a short summary of developments in education…

  2. National Apprenticeship and Training Standards for Dental Technicians. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training.

    These national standards contain information for establishing and operating effective apprenticeship programs for dental technicians. Included in the volume are the following: definitions; provisions of the standards (equal opportunity in apprenticeship; terms of apprenticeship; apprenticeship agreements; ratios of apprentices to dental…

  3. Measurements and standards for bulk-explosives detection.

    PubMed

    Hudson, Larry; Bateman, Fred; Bergstrom, Paul; Cerra, Frank; Glover, Jack; Minniti, Ronaldo; Seltzer, Stephen; Tosh, Ronald

    2012-07-01

    Recent years have seen a dramatic expansion in the application of radiation and isotopes to security screening. This has been driven primarily by increased incidents involving improvised explosive devices as well as their ease of assembly and leveraged disruption of transportation and commerce. With global expenditures for security-screening systems in the hundreds of billions of dollars, there is a pressing need to develop, apply, and harmonize standards for x-ray and gamma-ray screening systems used to detect explosives and other contraband. The National Institute of Standards and Technology has been facilitating the development of standard measurement tools that can be used to gauge the technical performance (imaging quality) and radiation safety of systems used to screen luggage, persons, vehicles, cargo, and left-behind objects. After a review of this new suite of national standard test methods, test objects, and radiation-measurement protocols, we highlight some of the technical trends that are enhancing the revision of baseline standards. Finally we advocate a more intentional use of technical-performance standards by security stakeholders and outline the advantages this would accrue. PMID:22136814

  4. Emergency Medical Dispatch. National Standard Curriculum. Instructor Guide. Trainee Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

    This guide contains all instructor materials and requirements for the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Emergency Medical Dispatch (EMD) National Standard Curriculum. It includes lesson plans, instructional aids, and tools and supporting information designed to elevate trained and experienced public safety telecommunicators…

  5. Democratization and European standards of National minority protection: Polish issues

    Microsoft Academic Search

    George Sanford

    1997-01-01

    This article considers how a nationally homogeneous state in East?Central Europe, Poland, which in this respect is comparable to Hungary and the Czech Republic, has responded to a major post?1989 challenge – that of meeting European standards of national minority protection within a civic?territorial model of democracy. The forced assimilation and repression of such minorities as the Ukrainians and the

  6. Credential of National Board for Professional Teaching Standards Has Impact

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Viadero, Debra; Honawar, Vaishali

    2008-01-01

    Teachers who earn advanced certification from the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards are more effective than teachers without that credential, but there is little evidence to show the program has transformed the field in the broader ways its founders envisioned, a long-awaited report released last week by a national scientific…

  7. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    .10.3 For test report information that is being generated by the testing laboratory for use by the certification body to make the certification decision, the laboratory shall use the ONC-approved test report summaryDEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Voluntary Laboratory

  8. National Apprenticeship Standards for the Retail Meatcutting Industry. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training.

    These national standards are intended to serve as a guide for the establishment of thorough and complete apprenticeship programs to produce trained retail meatcutters to carry on the tradition of quality in the retail meatcutting industry. Covered in the individual sections are the following topics: definitions, the National Joint Apprenticeship…

  9. The National Dissemination of International Measurements

    SciTech Connect

    Sahagia, Maria ['Horia Hulubei' National Institute of R and D for Physics and Nuclear Engineering POB MG-6, code 077125, Bucharest (Romania); Woods, Mike [Ionising Radiation Metrology Consultants Ltd, Teddington (United Kingdom)

    2008-08-14

    The paper presents the most significant actions which a primary Radionuclide Metrology Laboratory must accomplish, in order to disseminate the international equivalence to the entire national traceability chain: absolute standardization methods and demonstration of international equivalence, construction and calibration of a consistent set of secondary standardization equipment, preparation of radioactive standards. Delivery of radioactive standards to the end users and carrying out metrological services. Organization of national proficiency tests with the users. International validation of secondary standards by proficiency tests and establishment of a Quality System Assurance.

  10. The National Ambient Air Quality Standards and Quality Assurance

    SciTech Connect

    Elkins, J.B. Jr. [Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Sleva, S. [TRC Environmental Corporation, Chapel Hill, NC (United States); Waite, R.G.; Musick, D.; Papp, M.

    1996-12-31

    This paper presents an overview of the quality assurance, quality control (QA/QC) associated with the monitoring networks associated with the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). The oversight activities discussed include: (1) data quality objectives (DQOs), (2) reference and equivalent methods, (3) precision and accuracy, (4) national performance audits, (5) system audits, and (6) network reviews. The US EPA has established National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for 6 pollutants. These pollutants are carbon monoxide (CO), lead (Pb), nitrogen dioxide (NO{sub x}), ozone (O{sub 3}), particulate matter (PM-10), and sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}). 21 refs., 4 tabs.

  11. Your Standards or Mine? The Case for the National Assessment of Educational Progress.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lapointe, Archie E.; Koffler, Stephen L.

    1982-01-01

    Describes the creation and objectives of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), and reviews the findings of an evaluation of the NAEP, published in "Measuring the Quality of Education," by Wirtz and Lapointe. Focuses on the role that the NAEP can play in establishing uniform, national educational standards. (GC)

  12. Synchronized phasor measurements and the ``SYNCHROPHASOR`` standard

    SciTech Connect

    Phadke, A.G. [Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States)

    1996-10-01

    Synchronized phasor measurements have become a practical proposition only during the last few years. As such, their potential for use in power system applications has not yet been fully realized. Anticipating that this technology is about to take off, the Power System Relaying Committee of the IEEE has developed a standard which defines the interface between the Global Positioning System (GPS) and the Phasor Measuring Unit (PMU), and for the communication link between the PMUs and a remote site. The standard (SYNCHROPHASOR) will be published during 1996, and should facilitate the widespread application of this emerging technology. The standard defines the following features of the PMU: format of the message which contains the phasor data, time-tag specification, data frame composition, and a check sum. The standard also includes a specification for the synchronizing pulses which may be produced by a GPS receiver, or by some other synchronizing source. Synchronized phasor measurement units may well be the universal power system transducer of the future. It will serve the needs of all monitoring and control functions in power system control centers, and in many of the back-up relaying functions.

  13. 78 FR 25242 - Delegation of New Source Performance Standards and National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-30

    ...EPA-R09-OAR-2011-0981; FRL 9806-2] Delegation of New Source Performance Standards and National...updates to the Code of Federal Regulations delegation tables to reflect the current delegation status of New Source Performance...

  14. 77 FR 43018 - Updating OSHA Construction Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Head Protection...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-23

    ...Administration 29 CFR Part 1926 [Docket No. OSHA-2011-0184] RIN 1218-AC65 Updating OSHA Construction Standards Based on National Consensus...Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Department of Labor. ACTION: Notice...

  15. 77 FR 42988 - Updating OSHA Construction Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Head Protection...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-23

    ...Administration 29 CFR Part 1926 [Docket No. OSHA-2011-0184] RIN 1218-AC65 Updating OSHA Construction Standards Based on National Consensus...Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Department of Labor. ACTION: Direct...

  16. National Institute of Standards and Technology high-accuracy cryogenic radiometer

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. R. Gentile; J. M. Houston; J. E. Hardis; C. L. Cromer; A. C. Parr

    1996-01-01

    A high-accuracy cryogenic radiometer has been developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology to serve as a primary standard for optical power measurements. This instrument is an electrical-substitution radiometer that can be operated at cryogenic temperatures to achieve a relative standard uncertainty of 0.021% at an optical power level of 0.8 mW. The construction and operation of the

  17. URBAN AEROSOL ACIDS: ANALYSIS OF NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY STANDARD REFERENCE MATERIAL 1649

    EPA Science Inventory

    Urban air particulate matter, collected from Washington, D.C. and certified by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) as Standard Reference Material 1649, was extracted and fractionated into acid, base and neutral fractions. ach fraction was tested for biologic...

  18. 78 FR 65932 - Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Signage

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-04

    ...OSH-2013-0005] RIN No. 1218-AC77 Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards...Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Department of Labor. ACTION: Proposed...SUMMARY: With this notice, OSHA is withdrawing the proposed rule that...

  19. A Study of the Alignment of National Standards, State Standards, and Science Assessment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burry-Stock, Judith A.; Casebeer, Cindy M.

    Educational reform efforts are currently at the top of the nation's agenda. Policymakers are hearing increasing calls from members of the public to improve standardized test scores. These reform calls are a response to the perceived inadequacy of science teaching in our nation. Data were collected from participating states regarding the status of…

  20. 15 CFR 287.3 - Responsibilities of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. 287.3 Section 287.3 Commerce... NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ACCREDITATION...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. (a) Work with...

  1. 15 CFR 287.3 - Responsibilities of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. 287.3 Section 287.3 Commerce... NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ACCREDITATION...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. (a) Work with...

  2. 15 CFR 287.3 - Responsibilities of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. 287.3 Section 287.3 Commerce... NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ACCREDITATION...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. (a) Work with...

  3. 15 CFR 287.3 - Responsibilities of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. 287.3 Section 287.3 Commerce... NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ACCREDITATION...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. (a) Work with...

  4. 15 CFR 287.3 - Responsibilities of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. 287.3 Section 287.3 Commerce... NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ACCREDITATION...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. (a) Work with...

  5. 76 FR 55880 - National Institute of Standards and Technology; Performance Review Board Membership

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-09

    ...OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Institute of Standards and Technology; Performance Review Board Membership The National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board (NIST PRB) reviews...

  6. 75 FR 27708 - National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board Membership

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-18

    ...OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board Membership The National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board (NIST PRB) reviews...

  7. 30 CFR Appendix I to Subpart M of... - National Consensus Standards

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...may consult the following national consensus standards, as applicable...Object Protection. Equipment National consensus standard Front-end loaders and bulldozers...Fork-lift trucks American National Standards Institute...

  8. 30 CFR Appendix I to Subpart M of... - National Consensus Standards

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...may consult the following national consensus standards, as applicable...Object Protection Equipment National consensus standard Front-end loaders and bulldozers...Fork-lift trucks American National Standards Institute...

  9. 30 CFR Appendix I to Subpart M of... - National Consensus Standards

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...may consult the following national consensus standards, as applicable...Object Protection Equipment National consensus standard Front-end loaders and bulldozers...Fork-lift trucks American National Standards Institute...

  10. 30 CFR Appendix I to Subpart M of... - National Consensus Standards

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...may consult the following national consensus standards, as applicable...Object Protection Equipment National consensus standard Front-end loaders and bulldozers...Fork-lift trucks American National Standards Institute...

  11. As part of its continuing cloud computing series, the National Institute of Standards and Technology is hosting a new forum on Cloud and Mobility. Join experts in the fields of cloud, mobility, and measurement for thought-provoking

    E-print Network

    As part of its continuing cloud computing series, the National Institute of Standards around the globe. More than an incremental change, mobile cloud computing is expected to radically alter resources. Cloud Mobility ~ Low-end mobile devices access diverse and scalable cloud computing resources

  12. NIST Special Publication 800-25 National Institute of Standards

    E-print Network

    · Microelectronics · Law Enforcement Standards · Electricity · Semiconductor Electronics · Radio-Frequency Technology services. The Institute does generic and precompetitive work on new and advanced technologies. NIST · Measurement Services · Information Services Advanced Technology Program · Economic Assessment · Information

  13. Domain 4: Growth and Development National Standards for Sport Coaches

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shimon, Jane; Darden, Gibson

    2004-01-01

    This article, the third in a series of articles from the National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) sport structures, explains how the following two scenarios relate to Domain 4 Standards: (1) two adolescent boys have different baseball throwing skill levels, even though they have been on the same team for the past four years;…

  14. National Educational Technology Standards for Students: Connecting Curriculum and Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wheeler, Maggie, Ed.; Renchler, Ron, Ed.; Conley, Kate, Ed.; Summerlight, Steven, Ed.

    This book presents teacher-created lesson plans, sequenced by grade level, that illustrate the connection between teaching specific disciplines--English language arts, foreign language, mathematics, science, and social studies--and NETS (National Educational Technology Standards) for Students performance indicators. Each lesson sequence addresses…

  15. NATIONAL TIME AND FREQUENCY STANDARD DISSEMINATION SYSTEM IN ICT ERA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    AKIHIKO MACHIZAWA; TSUKASA IWAMA; HARUO SAITO; TADAHIRO GOTOH; HIROSHI TORIYAMA; MIZUHIKO HOSOKAWA

    We are developing a new national time and frequency standard dissemination system by using information and communications technology (ICT). This is called TFDN (Time and Frequency Dissemination system via Network). The TFDN is a compact and all-in-one system which automatically compares time, calibrates a local oscillator, and supplies time and frequency. A local clock in the TFDN is calibrated by

  16. National Standards for Quality Online Courses: Version 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Association for K-12 Online Learning, 2011

    2011-01-01

    The mission of the International Association for K-12 Online Learning (iNACOL) is to ensure all students have access to world-class education and quality online learning opportunities that prepare them for a lifetime of success. "National Standards for Quality Online Courses" is designed to provide states, districts, online programs, and other…

  17. The Development of National Standards for Adult Educators in Namibia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellis, Justin; Richardson, Brent H.

    2012-01-01

    Since gaining independence from South Africa in 1990, Namibia has placed considerable emphasis on education, including adult learning. As a means of improving the quality of adult learning, the Namibian Ministry of Education commissioned the development of national standards in 2010 to express competency requirements for adult educators.…

  18. The projected impacts of a national renewable portfolio standard

    SciTech Connect

    Nogee, Alan; Deyette, Jeff; Clemmer, Steve

    2007-05-15

    A review of analyses by the Union of Concerned Scientists and the U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration using the same model, but with different assumptions, reveals a common conclusion that a national renewable portfolio standards is achievable, and would provide important economic and environmental benefits. (author)

  19. National bureau of standards time and frequency services

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Kamas

    1978-01-01

    Frequency and time signals from the National Bureau of Standards are widely used to calibrate electronic devices, perform navigation experiments such as vehicle location and for setting of digital clocks. This talk will review the presently available NBS services. The present status of WWV and WWVB will be discussed and new NBS services using television signals and a 468 MHz

  20. National standards in science education: Teacher perceptions regarding utilization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fletcher, Carol Louise Parsons

    The purpose of this naturalistic study was to determine what factors most influence middle school science teachers' intentions to utilize or ignore national standards, as a toot for reform in their classrooms, schools, or districts. Results indicate. that teachers with. minimal training were unlikely to use national standards documents due to their perceptions of a lack of support from peers, administrators and a high-stakes state accountability system. Teachers with more extensive training were more inclined to use national standards documents as philosophical guides for reform because they believed in the validity of the recommendations. Implications are discussed, chief among them that short-term professional development may actually do more harm than good if teachers retain or develop unexamined misconceptions about national standards recommendations as a result. In addition, due to the concerns expressed by teachers regarding state curriculum mandates and standardized testing, this study indicates that changes in these external factors must be instituted before teachers will commit themselves to standards-based reforms. It is suggested that staff development focus on opportunities for reflection and application which will promote conceptual change in teachers. A model predicated on the notion that the process of implementing reform is essentially an issue of promoting conceptual change in teachers is proposed. This model, termed the Reform Implementation as Conceptual Change, or RICC, focuses specifically on the cognitive processes teachers may go through when they are exposed to an innovation such as national standards. Stages such as integrated application, accommodation, assimilation, disconnection, and false accommodation, are described. The impact that professional development and training may have on the likelihood that teachers will experience these various stages is also discussed. This model serves as a theoretical framework for explaining why some teachers are unlikely to embrace national standards while others choose to utilize them as a tool for reforming science education in their classrooms, schools, or districts. As such, it can be used by reformers to design and diagnostically evaluate the implementation process and its related staff development.

  1. Standardized Testing of Phasor Measurement Units

    SciTech Connect

    Martin, Kenneth E.; Faris, Anthony J.; Hauer, John F.

    2006-05-31

    This paper describes a set of tests used to determine Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU) measurement characteristics under steady state and dynamic conditions. The methodology is repeatable, comparable among test facilities, and can be performed at any facility with commonly available relay and standard test equipment. The methodology is based upon using test signals that are mathematically generated from a signal model and played into the PMU with precise GPS synchronization. Timing flags included with the test signal provide correlate the test signals and the PMU output. This allows accurate comparison of the phasor model with the value estimated by the PMU for accurate performance analysis. The timing flags also facilitate programmed plot and report generation.

  2. Summative and Formative Evaluations, National Skill Standards Project. Prepared for the National Grocers Association.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamm, Michael S.

    In 1993-1996, the Grocers Research and Educational Foundation of the National Grocers Association developed entry-level skill standards for the food marketing industry. A coalition formed early in the project directed the skill standard development process and solicited input from major organizations involved in the industry. The validity of the…

  3. National Certification Standard for Ground Source Heat Pump Personnel

    SciTech Connect

    Kelly, John [Geothermal Heat Pump Consortium] [Geothermal Heat Pump Consortium

    2013-07-31

    The National Certification Standard for the Geothermal Heat Pump Industry adds to the understanding of the barriers to rapid growth of the geothermal heat pump (GHP) industry by bringing together for the first time an analysis of the roles and responsibilities of each of the individual job tasks involved in the design and installation of GHP systems. The standard addresses applicable qualifications for all primary personnel involved in the design, installation, commissioning, operation and maintenance of GHP systems, including their knowledge, skills and abilities. The resulting standard serves as a foundation for subsequent development of curriculum, training and certification programs, which are not included in the scope of this project, but are briefly addressed in the standard to describe ways in which the standard developed in this project may form a foundation to support further progress in accomplishing those other efforts. Follow-on efforts may use the standard developed in this project to improve the technical effectiveness and economic feasibility of curriculum development and training programs for GHP industry personnel, by providing a more complete and objective assessment of the individual job tasks necessary for successful implementation of GHP systems. When incorporated into future certification programs for GHP personnel, the standard will facilitate increased consumer confidence in GHP technology, reduce the potential for improperly installed GHP systems, and assure GHP system quality and performance, all of which benefit the public through improved energy efficiency and mitigated environmental impacts of the heating and cooling of homes and businesses.

  4. EP&R Standards Project Report: Technical Review of National Incident Management Standards

    SciTech Connect

    Stenner, Robert D.

    2007-04-24

    The importance and necessity for a fully developed and implemented National Incident Management System (NIMS) has been demonstrated in recent years by the impact of national events such as Hurricane Katrina in 2005. Throughout the history of emergency response to major disasters, especially when multiple response organizations are involved, there have been systemic problems in the consistency and uniformity of response operations. Identifying national standards that support the development and implementation of NIMS is key to helping solve these systemic problems. The NIMS seeks to provide uniformity and consistency for incident management by using common terminology and protocols that will enable responders to coordinate their efforts to ensure an efficient response.

  5. Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Beginning with the September-October 1999 issue, the electronic version of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Journal of Research will be available in .pdf format. The journal contains current NIST research in the areas of physics, chemistry, engineering, mathematics, and computer sciences. "Papers cover a broad range of subjects, with major emphasis on measurement methodology and the basic technology underlying standardization." With archives dating back to 1995, the site is capable of full-text searching.

  6. EPA/ORD NATIONAL EXPOSURE RESEARCH LABORATORY MEASUREMENT SCIENCE SUPPORT FOR HOMELAND SECURITY

    EPA Science Inventory

    This product describes the National Exposure Research Laboratory research and development support for homeland security through the proposed National Exposure Measurements Center (NEMC). Key NEMC functional areas depicted in this poster are: standardized analytical method develo...

  7. 40 CFR 50.6 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM10.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM10. 50... AIR PROGRAMS NATIONAL PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS § 50.6 National primary and...

  8. National Standards for Diabetes Self-Management Education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JACKIE BOUCHER; CDE MARJORIE CYPRESS; PATRICIA BARTA; ANDREA LASICHAK; CDE BETTY LAMB; MSN MAVOURNEEN MANGAN; CDE JON TANJA; CYNTHIA ADAMS

    PROBLEM STATEMENT — Dia- betes Self-Management Education (DSME) is the cornerstone of care for all individuals with diabetes who want to achieve success- ful health-related outcomes. The National Standards for DSME are designed to define quality diabetes self-management education that can be implemented in diverse settings and will facilitate improvement in health care outcomes. The dynamic health care process obligates

  9. The National Institute of Standards and Technology glow discharge resonance ionization mass spectrometry system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. Pibida; J. M. R. Hutchinson; Jesse Wen; L. Karam

    2000-01-01

    A new resonance ionization mass spectrometry system at the National Institute of Standards and Technology using glow discharge atomization and continuous-wave lasers has been developed. Low concentrations of 133Cs in a silver matrix have been measured using this new system. In addition a detailed characterization of the glow discharge source and laser ionization processes are made.

  10. Error Analysis for the National Bureau of Standards 1016 mm Guarded Hot Plate

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Rennex

    1983-01-01

    An error analysis is given for the 1-meter Guarded Hot Plate at the National Bureau of Standards. This apparatus is used to measure the thermal resistance of insulation materials. The individual contributions to uncertainty in thermal resistance are discussed in detail. The total uncertainty is estimated to be less than 0.5 percent at sample thicknesses up to 150 mm (6

  11. 10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy conservation measures and standards. 436.104...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING...Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards....

  12. 10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy conservation measures and standards. 436.104...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING...Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards....

  13. 10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy conservation measures and standards. 436.104...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING...Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards....

  14. 10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy conservation measures and standards. 436.104...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING...Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards....

  15. 10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy conservation measures and standards. 436.104...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING...Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards....

  16. 1999 INEEL National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants - Radionuclides

    SciTech Connect

    J. W. Tkachyk

    2000-06-01

    Under Section 61.94 of Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 61, Subpart H, ''National Emission Standards for Emission of Radionuclides Other Than Radon From Department of Energy Facilities,'' each Department of Energy (DOE) facility must submit an annual report documenting compliance. This report addresses the Section 61.94 reporting requirements for operations at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for calendar year (CY) 1999. The Idaho Operations Office of the DOE is the primary contract concerning compliance with the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) at the INEEL. For CY 1999, airborne radionuclide emissions from the INEEL operations were calculated to result in a maximum individual dose to a member of the public of 7.92E-03 mrem (7.92E-08 Sievert). This effective dose equivalent (EDE) is well below the 40 CFR 61, Subpart H, regulatory standard of 10 mrem per year (1.0E-04 Sievert per year).

  17. 1998 INEEL National Emission Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants - Radionuclides

    SciTech Connect

    J. W. Tkachyk

    1999-06-01

    Under Section 61.94 of Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 61, Subpart H, ''National Emission Standards for Emission of Radionuclides Other Than Radon From Department of Energy Facilities,'' each Department of Energy (DOE) facility must submit an annual report documenting compliance. This report addresses the Section 61.94 reporting requirements for operations at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for calendar year (CY) 1998. The Idaho Operations Office of the DOE is the primary contract concerning compliance with the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) at the INEEL. For CY 1998, airborne radionuclide emissions from the INEEL operations were calculated to result in a maximum individual dose to a member of the public of 7.92E-03 mrem (7.92E-08 Sievert). This effective dose equivalent (EDE) is well below the 40 CFR 61, Subpart H, regulatory standard of 10 mrem per year (1.0E-04 Sievert per year).

  18. 77 FR 43521 - Final Rule To Implement the 1997 8-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-25

    ...Rule To Implement the 1997 8-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard: Classification of Areas That Were Initially Classified Under Subpart 1; Revision of the Anti-Backsliding Provisions To Address 1-Hour Contingency Measure Requirements;...

  19. Determination of elements in National Bureau of Standards' geological Standard Reference Materials by neutron activation analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Graham, C.C.; Glascock, M.D.; Carni, J.J.; Vogt, J.R.; Spalding, T.G.

    1982-08-01

    Instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) and prompt gamma neutron activation analysis (PGNAA) have been used to determine elemental concentrations in two recently issued National Bureau of Standards (NBS) Standard Reference Materials (SRM's). The results obtained are in good agreement with the certified and information values reported by NBS for those elements in each material for which comparisons are available. Average concentrations of 35 elements in SRM 278 obsidian rock and 32 elements in SRM 688 basalt rock are reported for comparison with results that may be obtained by other laboratories.

  20. US National Large-scale City Orthoimage Standard Initiative

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Zhou, G.; Song, C.; Benjamin, S.; Schickler, W.

    2003-01-01

    The early procedures and algorithms for National digital orthophoto generation in National Digital Orthophoto Program (NDOP) were based on earlier USGS mapping operations, such as field control, aerotriangulation (derived in the early 1920's), the quarter-quadrangle-centered (3.75 minutes of longitude and latitude in geographic extent), 1:40,000 aerial photographs, and 2.5 D digital elevation models. However, large-scale city orthophotos using early procedures have disclosed many shortcomings, e.g., ghost image, occlusion, shadow. Thus, to provide the technical base (algorithms, procedure) and experience needed for city large-scale digital orthophoto creation is essential for the near future national large-scale digital orthophoto deployment and the revision of the Standards for National Large-scale City Digital Orthophoto in National Digital Orthophoto Program (NDOP). This paper will report our initial research results as follows: (1) High-precision 3D city DSM generation through LIDAR data processing, (2) Spatial objects/features extraction through surface material information and high-accuracy 3D DSM data, (3) 3D city model development, (4) Algorithm development for generation of DTM-based orthophoto, and DBM-based orthophoto, (5) True orthophoto generation by merging DBM-based orthophoto and DTM-based orthophoto, and (6) Automatic mosaic by optimizing and combining imagery from many perspectives.

  1. National training and education standards for health and wellness coaching: the path to national certification.

    PubMed

    Jordan, Meg; Wolever, Ruth Q; Lawson, Karen; Moore, Margaret

    2015-05-01

    The purpose of this article is twofold: (1) to announce the findings of the job task analysis as well as national training and education standards for health and wellness coaching (HWC) that have been developed by the large-scale, collaborative efforts of the National Consortium for Credentialing Health and Wellness Coaches (NCCHWC) and (2) to invite commentary from the public. The rapid proliferation of individuals and organizations using the terms of health and/or wellness coaches and the propagation of private industry and academic coach training and education programs endeavoring to prepare these coaches has created an urgent and pressing need for national standards for use of the term health and wellness coach, as well as minimal requirements for training, education, and certification. Professionalizing the field with national standards brings a clear and consistent definition of health and wellness coaching and accepted practice standards that are uniform across the field. In addition, clear standards allow for uniform curricular criteria to ensure a minimal benchmark for education, training, and skills and knowledge evaluation of professional health and wellness coaches. PMID:25984418

  2. Services of the CDRH X-ray calibration laboratory and their traceability to National Standards

    SciTech Connect

    Cerra, F.; Heaton, H.T. [Center for Devices and Radiological Health, Rockville, MD (United States)

    1993-12-31

    The X-ray Calibration Laboratory (XCL) of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH) provides calibration services for the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The instruments calibrated are used by FDA and contract state inspectors to verify compliance with federal x-ray performance standards and for national surveys of x-ray trends. In order to provide traceability of measurements, the CDRH XCL is accredited by the National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP) for reference, diagnostic, and x-ray survey instrument calibrations. In addition to these accredited services, the CDRH XCL also calibrates non-invasive kVp meters in single- and three-phase x-ray beams, and thermoluminescent dosimeter (TLD) chips used to measure CT beam profiles. The poster illustrates these services and shows the traceability links back to the National Standards.

  3. Standard Model Electroweak Measurements at LEP

    E-print Network

    F. Spano'

    2006-05-19

    The current status of electroweak physics results from LEP is reviewed. Particular emphasis is placed on the latest results on the properties of the Z and W bosons. The updated status of the global electroweak fit to the standard model and the resulting standard model Higgs mass limits are presented.

  4. A general check standard measurement and database software program

    SciTech Connect

    Duda, L.E.

    1998-04-01

    One way to verify that a measurement system remains under control and is functioning as expected is to use check standards. To aid in the measurement assurance process using check standards, a software program was developed that allows the user to enter measurements for a check standard and compare, by control charts plotted on the computer monitor, the new measurements with a historical database of measurements of the same device. The program is especially suited for check standards which are measured as a function of another parameter such as frequency, voltage, temperature, etc. This paper describes the software function and discusses its capabilities and applications.

  5. Biases in Multicenter Longitudinal PET Standardized Uptake Value Measurements1

    PubMed Central

    Doot, Robert K; Pierce, Larry A; Byrd, Darrin; Elston, Brian; Allberg, Keith C; Kinahan, Paul E

    2014-01-01

    This study investigates measurement biases in longitudinal positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) studies that are due to instrumentation variability including human error. Improved estimation of variability between patient scans is of particular importance for assessing response to therapy and multicenter trials. We used National Institute of Standards and Technology-traceable calibration methodology for solid germanium-68/gallium-68 (68Ge/68Ga) sources used as surrogates for fluorine-18 (18F) in radionuclide activity calibrators. One cross-calibration kit was constructed for both dose calibrators and PET scanners using the same 9-month half-life batch of 68Ge/68Ga in epoxy. Repeat measurements occurred in a local network of PET imaging sites to assess standardized uptake value (SUV) errors over time for six dose calibrators from two major manufacturers and for six PET/CT scanners from three major manufacturers. Bias in activity measures by dose calibrators ranged from -50% to 9% and was relatively stable over time except at one site that modified settings between measurements. Bias in activity concentration measures by PET scanners ranged from -27% to 13% with a median of 174 days between the six repeat scans (range, 29 to 226 days). Corresponding errors in SUV measurements ranged from -20% to 47%. SUV biases were not stable over time with longitudinal differences for individual scanners ranging from -11% to 59%. Bias in SUV measurements varied over time and between scanner sites. These results suggest that attention should be paid to PET scanner calibration for longitudinal studies and use of dose calibrator and scanner cross-calibration kits could be helpful for quality assurance and control. PMID:24772207

  6. Development of a Primary Standard for Calibration of [18F]FDG Activity Measurement Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Capogni, M.; DeFelice, P.; Fazio, A.; Simonelli, F.; D'Ursi, V.; Pecorale, A.; Giliberti, C.; Abbas, K.

    2006-05-01

    The 18F national primary standard was developed by the INMRI-ENEA using the 4?? Liquid Scintillation Spectrometry Method with 3H-Standard Efficiency Tracing. Measurements were performed at JRCIspra under a scientific collaboration between the Institute for Health and Consumer Production, the Amersham Health and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Prevention (ISPESL). The goal of the work was to calibrate, with minimum uncertainty, the INMRI-ENEA transfer standard portable well-type ionisation chamber as well as other JRC-Ispra and Amersham Health reference Ionising Chambers used for FDG activity measurement.

  7. National Science Foundation and National Institute of Standards and Technology Roles and Influences on STI Policymaking

    E-print Network

    FEALING, Kaye H.

    2013-01-01

    National Science Foundation NSF’s mission was established byto its core mission of funding discovery science, over themission is “to promote U.S. innovation and industrial competi- tiveness by advancing measurement science,

  8. 30 CFR Appendix I to Subpart M of... - National Consensus Standards

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...National Consensus Standards I Appendix I to Subpart M of Part 56 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND...MINES Machinery and Equipment Pt. 56, Subpt. M, App. I Appendix I to Subpart M of Part 56—National Consensus Standards...

  9. 30 CFR Appendix I to Subpart M of... - National Consensus Standards

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...National Consensus Standards I Appendix I to Subpart M of Part 57 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND...MINES Machinery and Equipment Pt. 57, Subpt. M, App. I Appendix I to Subpart M of Part 57—National Consensus Standards...

  10. 30 CFR Appendix I to Subpart M of... - National Consensus Standards

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...National Consensus Standards I Appendix I to Subpart M of Part 56 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND...MINES Machinery and Equipment Pt. 56, Subpt. M, App. I Appendix I to Subpart M of Part 56—National Consensus Standards...

  11. 30 CFR Appendix I to Subpart M of... - National Consensus Standards

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...National Consensus Standards I Appendix I to Subpart M of Part 57 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND...MINES Machinery and Equipment Pt. 57, Subpt. M, App. I Appendix I to Subpart M of Part 57—National Consensus Standards...

  12. 76 FR 70414 - National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Proposes To Revise Codes and Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-14

    ...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Proposes...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to announce...NFPA's proposal to revise some of its fire safety codes and standards and...

  13. 78 FR 34964 - Implementation of the 2008 National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone: State Implementation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-11

    ...Implementation of the 2008 National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone: State Implementation...Implementation of the 2008 National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone: State Implementation...held at the EPA Ariel Rios North Building, Room 1332, 1200...

  14. 77 FR 2677 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Primary Aluminum Reduction Plants...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-19

    ...National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Primary Aluminum Reduction Plants; Extension of Comment Period AGENCY: Environmental...National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Primary Aluminum Reduction Plants'' is being extended for 12 days....

  15. 76 FR 23537 - Notice of Meeting of the National Organic Standards Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-27

    ...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service [Document...NOP-11-05] Notice of Meeting of the National Organic Standards Board AGENCY: Agricultural...a forthcoming meeting of the National Organic Standards Board (NOSB) (76 FR...

  16. 76 FR 81903 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Ferroalloys Production; Extension of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-29

    ...National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Ferroalloys Production; Extension of Comment Period AGENCY: Environmental...National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Ferroalloys Production'' is being extended for 22 days. DATES:...

  17. 47 CFR 15.31 - Measurement standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...UPCS) devices are to be measured for compliance using ANSI C63.17-1998: “Methods of Measurement of the Electromagnetic and Operational Compatibility of Unlicensed Personal Communications Services (UPCS) Devices”,...

  18. 47 CFR 15.31 - Measurement standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... (1) FCC/OET MP-2: Measurement of UHF Noise Figures of TV...4-2003: “Methods of Measurement of Radio-Noise Emissions...Low-Voltage Electrical and Electronic Equipment in the Range of...parties making compliance measurements on equipment subject to...

  19. 47 CFR 15.31 - Measurement standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... (1) FCC/OET MP-2: Measurement of UHF Noise Figures of TV...4-2003: “Methods of Measurement of Radio-Noise Emissions...Low-Voltage Electrical and Electronic Equipment in the Range of...parties making compliance measurements on equipment subject to...

  20. 47 CFR 15.31 - Measurement standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... (1) FCC/OET MP-2: Measurement of UHF Noise Figures of TV...4-2003: “Methods of Measurement of Radio-Noise Emissions...Low-Voltage Electrical and Electronic Equipment in the Range of...parties making compliance measurements on equipment subject to...

  1. VISITING COMMITTEE ON ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    VISITING COMMITTEE ON ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Standards and Technology FY 2006 Annual Report U.S. Department of Commerce Technology Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology #12;VISITING COMMITTEE ON ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Standards and Technology

  2. 40 CFR 50.8 - National primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide. 50.8 Section 50...primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide. (a) The national primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide are: (1) 9 parts...

  3. 40 CFR 50.8 - National primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide. 50.8 Section 50...primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide. (a) The national primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide are: (1) 9 parts...

  4. The Astronomy and Space Science Concept Inventory: Assessment Instruments Aligned with the K-12 National Science Standards

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Philip M. Sadler

    2011-01-01

    We report on the development of an item test bank and associated instruments based on those K-12 national standards which involve astronomy and space science. Utilizing hundreds of studies in the science education research literature on student misconceptions, we have constructed 211 unique items that measure the degree to which students abandon such ideas for accepted scientific views. Piloted nationally

  5. Diversity and Social Justice Dynamics: An analysis of the National Standards for Human Services Education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan Kincaid

    An analysis of the National Standards for Human Services Education in regards to diversity and social justice dynamics. The Council for Standards in Human Service Education is the accrediting body for the human services discipline and guardians of the National Standards for Human Services Education (www.cshse.org). The Standards, examined without attention to the Specifications articulating the evidence required to meet

  6. Evaluating a Proposed 20% National Renewable Portfolio Standard

    SciTech Connect

    Logan, J.; Sullivan, P.; Short, W.; Bird, L.; James, T. L.; Shah, M. R.

    2009-02-01

    This paper provides a preliminary analysis of the impacts of a proposed 20% national renewable portfolio standard (RPS) by 2021, which has been advanced in the U.S. Congress by Senator Jeff Bingaman of New Mexico. The paper was prepared before the America Recovery and Reinvestment Act was signed into law by President Barack Obama on February 17, 2009, and thus does not consider important changes in renewable energy (RE) policy that need to be addressed in follow-on analysis. We use NREL's Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) model to evaluate the impacts of the RPS requirements on the energy sector and consider design issues associated with renewable energy certificate (REC) trading markets.

  7. Video quality measurement standards — Current status and trends

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stefan Winkler

    2009-01-01

    With the wide-spread use of digital video, quality considerations have become essential, and industry demand for video quality measurement standards is rising. Various organizations are working on such standards. This paper reviews some of the existing standards documents, on-going work and future trends in this space.

  8. Space Physics Concepts addressed in the California and National Science Content Standards

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sidhu, J.; Moldwin, M. B.

    2008-12-01

    The Space Physics community has developed a number of activities, curricula, and outreach efforts for K-12 classrooms. In order for these efforts to be adopted in the classroom, they must be accompanied by professional development opportunities and directly address the state science standards. This paper presents the results of a survey of the California and National Science Standards that are directly applicable to solar, heliospheric, magnetospheric and ionospheric physics. The results have been compiled on a website to allow Space Physics EPO curriculum and activity designers to easily reference the specific content standards. Examples of Space Physics "hooks" are also provided to demonstrate how our science can help motivate space and physics concepts in the classroom. (See http://measure.igpp.ucla.edu/ScienceContentStandards/)

  9. 77 FR 67340 - National Fire Codes: Request for Comments on NFPA's Codes and Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-09

    ...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Codes: Request for Comments on NFPA's...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to announce...INFORMATION: Since 1896, the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) has...

  10. 76 FR 70413 - National Fire Protection Association (NFPA): Request for Comments on NFPA's Codes and Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-14

    ...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Protection Association (NFPA): Request...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to announce...INFORMATION: Since 1896, the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) has...

  11. 78 FR 24729 - National Fire Codes: Request for Comments on NFPA's Codes and Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-26

    ...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Codes: Request for Comments on NFPA's...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to announce...INFORMATION: Since 1896, the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) has...

  12. 75 FR 66735 - National Fire Protection Association (NFPA): Request for Comments on NFPA's Codes and Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-29

    ...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Protection Association (NFPA): Request...SUMMARY: Since 1896, the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) has accomplished...safety related issues. NFPA's National Fire Codes [supreg], which holds over...

  13. National Incident Management System (NIMS) Standards Review Panel Workshop Summary Report

    SciTech Connect

    Stenner, Robert D.; Kirk, Jennifer L.; Stanton, James R.; Shebell, Peter; Schwartz, Deborah S.; Judd, Kathleen S.; Gelston, Gariann M.

    2006-02-07

    The importance and need for full compliant implementation of NIMS nationwide was clearly demonstrated during the Hurricane Katrina event, which was clearly expressed in Secretary Chertoff's October 4, 2005 letter addressed to the State's governors. It states, ''Hurricane Katrina was a stark reminder of how critical it is for our nation to approach incident management in a coordinated, consistent, and efficient manner. We must be able to come together, at all levels of government, to prevent, prepare for, respond to, and recover from any emergency or disaster. Our operations must be seamless and based on common incident management doctrine, because the challenges we face as a nation are far greater than capabilities of any one jurisdiction.'' The NIMS is a system/architecture for organizing response on a ''national'' level. It incorporations ICS as a main component of that structure (i.e., it institutionalizes ICS in NIMS). In a paper published on the NIMS Website, the following statements were made: ''NIMS represents a core set of doctrine, principles, terminology, and organizational processes to enable effective, efficient and collaborative incident management at all levels. To provide the framework for interoperability and compatibility, the NIMS is based on a balance between flexibility and standardization.'' Thus the NIC is challenged with the need to adopt quality SDO generated standards to support NIMS compliance, but in doing so maintain the flexibility necessary so that response operations can be tailored for the specific jurisdictional and geographical needs across the nation. In support of this large and complex challenge facing the NIC, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) was asked to provide technical support to the NIC, through their DHS Science and Technology ? Standards Portfolio Contract, to help identify, review, and develop key standards for NIMS compliance. Upon examining the challenge, the following general process appears to be a reasonable approach for identifying and establishing existing standards that would be applicable to NIMS compliance. The suggested generalized steps to establishing existing SDO generated standards for NIMS compliance are: (1) establish search criteria from the NIMS and its support documents, (2) search SDO databases to identify key existing nationally and/or internationally recognized standards that have potential application to NIMS compliance needs, (3) review the identified standards against the specific component needs of the NIMS, (4) identify the pertinent aspects/components of those identified standards that clearly address specific NIMS compliance needs, (5) establish a process to adopt the pertinent standards, which includes the generation of formalized FEMA Guidance that identifies the specific NIMS component compliance needs addressed in the respective standard, (6) develop performance criteria for which to measure compliance with the identified NIMS components addressed by the respective adopted standard, and (7) adopt the standard, publish the guidance and performance criteria, and incorporate it into routine FEMA/NIC NIMS management operations. This review process will also help identify real gaps in standards for which new NIMS specific standards should be developed. To jump start this process and hopefully identify some key ''low hanging fruit'' standards the NIC could use to begin such a process, a panel of first-responder experts (familiar with the current standards of common use in the first-responder community) from various response disciplines was formed and a workshop held. The workshop included a pre-workshop information gathering process. This report discusses the workshop and its findings in detail.

  14. Search the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The USDA Agricultural Research Service Nutrient Data Laboratory presents the National Nutrient Database, which has an easy-to-search interface that quickly retrieves nutritional data for every food item that contains a specific keyword. For instance, searching for "soybean" calls up a long list of food items for which soybean is an ingredient: various margarines, salad dressings, and oils; raw soybeans; steamed soybeans; roasted soybeans; and so on. The complete nutrition report for each item can then be viewed after selecting a unit of measurement (e.g., per 100 grams). The database may also be search by single nutrients, such as iron or folic acid.

  15. Measuring School Spirit: A National Teaching Exercise

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teaching of Psychology, 2004

    2004-01-01

    We developed a novel variation on classroom data collection by having students conduct a national research project. Students at 20 different colleges and universities measured "school spirit" at their institutions according to several operational criteria (school apparel wearing, car stickers, alumni donation rate, ratings by a major sports…

  16. Investigations of noise in measurements of electronic voltage standards

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas J. Witt; Yi-hua Tang

    2005-01-01

    We have investigated noise in measurements of the 10 V outputs of electronic voltage standards based on Zener diode references (Zeners). Zener outputs were compared to NIST Josephson standards using a digital voltmeter (DVM) to measure voltage differences. Because of the presence of serially correlated noise, the data were analyzed by calculating estimated Allan variances which were then used to

  17. Standardization and analytical goals for glycated hemoglobin measurement.

    PubMed

    Braga, Federica; Panteghini, Mauro

    2013-09-01

    Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) plays a key role in diagnosing diabetes and monitoring the glycemic state. To guarantee the reliability of its measurement at the global level, the IFCC has defined a reference measurement system, based on the definition of the measurand as hemoglobin molecules having a special hexapeptide in common, which is the stable adduct of glucose to the N-terminal valine of the hemoglobin ?-chain. In addition to the traceability of HbA1c results to the reference system, the establishment of analytical goals to make HbA1c measurements clinically reliable becomes crucial. However, allowable goals will depend on the assay specificity (i.e., selectivity) and, consequently, on units in which HbA1c results are expressed [mmol/mol for IFCC-aligned systems or % for National Glycohemoglobin Standardization Program (NGSP) converted numbers]. In this regard, analytical goals derived from biological variability studies in which the determination of HbA1c has been carried out by an assay providing the same selectivity for the measurand as defined by the IFCC are recommended. Only these targets should be used for evaluating the performance of commercial assays traceable to the IFCC system and of clinical laboratories using them through appropriately structured quality assessment schemes. Analytical systems following different calibration hierarchies (e.g., the NGSP-aligned assays) will require different analytical goals, possibly derived from clinical outcome data. PMID:23729573

  18. Vector network analyzer check standards measurements and database software

    SciTech Connect

    Duda, L.E.

    1996-05-01

    Vector network analyzers provide a convenient way to measure scattering parameters of a variety of microwave devices. However, these instruments, unlike oscilloscopes, require a high degree of user knowledge and expertise. Measurement calibration or error correction must be done prior to use. There are many ways to make poor measurement or measurement. Check standards have been used to verify that the network analyzer is operating properly. A computer program was developed to automatically measure a check standard and compare the new measurements with an historical database of measurements of the check standard device. The program can acquire new measurement data from selected check standards, plot the new data against the mean and standard deviation of prior data for the check standard, and update the database files for the check standard. This paper describes the function of the software including a discussion of its capabilities. The way in which the software is used in our lab is also described. Finally, examples are given of how the software can detect potential measurement problems.

  19. 75 FR 67361 - Release of Final Document Related to the Review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-02

    ...the Review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Carbon Monoxide...the Carbon Monoxide National Ambient Air Quality Standards (PA). The PA contains...welfare-based) national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) for...

  20. Material Measurement The nation's reference laboratory for measurements

    E-print Network

    evaluated data, and best practice guides that help assure measurement quality. Our customer base includes of implanted medical devices. Environment and Climate: Our standards programs support environmental contaminant and technology in ways that enhance economic security and improve our quality of life. NIST comprises two

  1. 50 CFR 600.310 - National Standard 1-Optimum Yield.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...should be weighed and receive serious attention when considering the economic, social...to the national, regional, and local economies; and utilizing the capacity of the Nation's...to the national, regional, and local economies and food supplies. (C) The...

  2. 50 CFR 600.310 - National Standard 1-Optimum Yield.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...should be weighed and receive serious attention when considering the economic, social...to the national, regional, and local economies; and utilizing the capacity of the Nation's...to the national, regional, and local economies and food supplies. (C) The...

  3. 50 CFR 600.310 - National Standard 1-Optimum Yield.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...should be weighed and receive serious attention when considering the economic, social...to the national, regional, and local economies; and utilizing the capacity of the Nation's...to the national, regional, and local economies and food supplies. (C) The...

  4. 50 CFR 600.310 - National Standard 1-Optimum Yield.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...should be weighed and receive serious attention when considering the economic, social...to the national, regional, and local economies; and utilizing the capacity of the Nation's...to the national, regional, and local economies and food supplies. (C) The...

  5. 50 CFR 600.310 - National Standard 1-Optimum Yield.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...should be weighed and receive serious attention when considering the economic, social...to the national, regional, and local economies; and utilizing the capacity of the Nation's...to the national, regional, and local economies and food supplies. (C) The...

  6. ASTM Photovoltaic Performance Standards: Their Use at the National Renewable Energy Lab

    SciTech Connect

    Emery, K.

    2007-07-01

    The performance of photovoltaic devices is typically rated in terms of their peak power with respect to a specific spectrum, total irradiance and temperature. The PV Cell and Module Performance Laboratory at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colo., has been measuring the performance of cells and modules for the U.S. terrestrial PV community since 1980. NREL typically calibrates 200 cells and modules per month. The laboratory follows the procedures described in ASTM International standards for calibrating its primary reference cells (E 1125), spectral responsivity measurements (E 1021), secondary reference cells (E 948), secondary modules (E 1036), concentrator modules (E 2527), and multi-junction cells and modules (E 2236).

  7. Color gamut assessment standard: construction, characterization and interlaboratory measurement comparison

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John M. Libert; Edward F. Kelley; Paul A. Boynton; Steven W. Brown; Christine F. Wall; Colin Campbell

    2003-01-01

    In earlier papers, NIST proposed a standard illumination source and optical filter targets with which to assess the state-of-the-art of display measurement. The Display Measurement Assessment Transfer Standard (DMATS) was designed to present the display metrologist with a rectangular array of targets such as color filters, polarizers, and grilles, back-lighted by uniform illumination, to be measured using methods and instruments

  8. Medical students call for national standards in anatomical education.

    PubMed

    Farey, John E; Sandeford, Jonathan C; Evans-McKendry, Greg D

    2014-11-01

    The diminishing number of hours dedicated to formal instruction in anatomy has led to a debate within medical education as to the level required for safe clinical practice. We provide a review of the current state of anatomical education in Australian medical schools and state the case for national standards. In light of the review presented, council members of the Australian Medical Students' Association voted to affirm that consideration should be given to developing undergraduate learning goals for anatomy, providing a codified medical student position on the teaching of anatomy in Australian medical schools. Crucially, the position states that time-intensive methods of instruction such as dissection should be a rite of passage for medical students in the absence of evidence demonstrating the superiority of modern teaching methods. We believe the bodies with a vested interest in the quality of medical graduates, namely the Australian Medical Council, Medical Deans Australia & New Zealand, and the postgraduate colleges should collaborate and develop clear guidelines that make explicit the core knowledge of anatomy expected of medical graduates at each stage of their career with a view to safe clinical practice. In addition, Australian universities have a role to play in conducting further research into contemporary learning styles and the most efficacious methods of delivering anatomical education. PMID:24661596

  9. Performing with Understanding: The Challenge of the National Standards for Music Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reimer, Bennett, Ed.

    This collection of essays presents key ideas and practical suggestions for implementing the National Standards for Music Education through performance. Following a Preface and Music Content Standards for Grades K-12, essays in the collection are (1) "The Power of the National Standards for Music Education" (Paul R. Lehman); (2) "What Is…

  10. National Educational Technology Standards: Developing New Learning Environments for Today's Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bitter, Gary; Thomas, Lajeane; Knezek, Donald G.; Friske, Joyce; Taylor, Harriet; Wiebe, James; Kelly, M. G. Peggy

    1997-01-01

    The National Educational Technology Standards Project, partly funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, aims to develop technology performance standards for preK-12 students, establish specific applications of technology throughout the curriculum, provide standards for supporting technology in schools, and address student…

  11. Evidence-Based Practice and Autism Spectrum Disorders: The National Standards Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilczynski, Susan M.

    2010-01-01

    In September 2009, the National Autism Center announced the completion of its multiyear National Standards Project. The National Standards Project serves to support parents and professionals and answers one of the most pressing questions asked by school psychologists: "How do school psychologists effectively treat the growing number of students…

  12. VISITING COMMITTEE ON ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    VISITING COMMITTEE ON ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Standards and Technology 2007 Annual Report Visiting Committee on Advanced Technology of the National Institute of Standards and Technology U.S. Department of Commerce March 3, 2008 #12;VISITING COMMITTEE ON ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY National

  13. Developing a community-based flood resilience measurement standard

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Keating, Adriana; Szoenyi, Michael; Chaplowe, Scott; McQuistan, Colin; Campbell, Karen

    2015-04-01

    Given the increased attention to resilience-strengthening in international humanitarian and development work, there has been concurrent interest in its measurement and the overall accountability of "resilience strengthening" initiatives. The literature is reaching beyond the polemic of defining resilience to its measurement. Similarly, donors are increasingly expecting organizations to go beyond claiming resilience programing to measuring and showing it. However, key questions must be asked, in particular "Resilience of whom and to what?". There is no one-size-fits-all solution. The approach to measuring resilience is dependent on the audience and the purpose of the measurement exercise. Deriving a resilience measurement system needs to be based on the question it seeks to answer and needs to be specific. This session highlights key lessons from the Zurich Flood Resilience Alliance approach to develop a flood resilience measurement standard to measure and assess the impact of community based flood resilience interventions, and to inform decision-making to enhance the effectiveness of these interventions. We draw on experience in methodology development to-date, together with lessons from application in two case study sites in Latin America. Attention will be given to the use of a consistent measurement methodology for community resilience to floods over time and place; challenges to measuring a complex and dynamic phenomenon such as community resilience; methodological implications of measuring community resilience versus impact on and contribution to this goal; and using measurement and tools such as cost-benefit analysis to prioritize and inform strategic decision making for resilience interventions. The measurement tool follows the five categories of the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework and the 4Rs of complex adaptive systems - robustness, rapidity, redundancy and resourcefulness -5C-4R. A recent white paper by the Zurich Flood Resilience Alliance traces the literature on resilience in the area of disaster risk (see corresponding abstract of another session). The research gap, which was also highlighted in the 2012 National Academies of Sciences Paper (Disasters, Committee on Science and Public Policy, & Academies, 2012), is the lack of a consistent way to measure resilience, which is a complex systems concept, across different communities and over time. Without this measurement, evaluating the impact of projects, programs and policies on a community's resilience cannot be consistently made. In turn, the relative costs and benefits of potential interventions cannot be properly assessed to determine those which ought to be prioritized. The measurement of resilience contains both theoretical and practical components, but much of the research to date has been limited to the theoretical realm. There is a need for a set of indicators that can be systematically collected in the field to practically measure resilience. This presentation will examine both the theoretical and practical challenges this involves, and how this is being approached through a unique alliance between the research community, a private partner and field practitioners. We aim to help build consistency amongst those working on assessing and prioritizing effective resilience strategies. The Alliance between research partners and NGOs will be highlighted to show how such collaborations can support a continuous learning process in communities and contribute to improved flood resilience at community level and beyond. This includes the development and use of innovative evaluation tools that can aid communities in prioritizing projects and policies as well as demonstrating effectiveness to donors.

  14. Microgravity effects on standardized cognitive performance measures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schiflett, Samuel G.

    1992-01-01

    The purpose of this experiment, selected to fly on the International Microgravity Laboratory (IML-2) Spacelab mission, is to determine the effects of microgravity upon the cognitive skills which are critical to successful performance of many tasks on board the Space Shuttle. Six tests from the Unified Tri-service Cognitive Performance Assessment Battery (UTC-PAB) will be administered to the Mission Specialists to fulfill the goals of this experiment. These tests are based upon current theoretical models of human performance and the hypothesized effects of microgravity. The principle objective is the identification of the effects of microgravity upon specific information processing skills affecting performance from those of fatigue and shifts in work/rest cycles. Multiple measures of both short and long term fatigue will be obtained and used as a major independent variable for the analysis of these performance data. Scientific supporting studies will determine optimum practice and performance testing schedules for the astronauts. The same tests will be used post-flight to collect data on the recovery of any cognitive performance impairment compared with pre-flight, baseline levels.

  15. STANDARD DEVIATIONS IN FIELD MEASUREMENTS OF IMPACT SOUND INSULATION

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mikko Kylliäinen

    2004-01-01

    Sound insulation of buildings has traditionally been measured at 1\\/3-octave center frequency bands from 100 Hz to 3150 Hz. The measured frequency range was originally chosen to begin at 100 Hz because of assumed increasing measurement uncertainty at lower frequencies. In impact sound insulation, however, the lower frequencies affect the subjective evaluation of floors much. Standards ISO 140 and 717

  16. Transient Measures in the Standard Map James D. Meiss

    E-print Network

    Meiss, James

    of a chaotic zone appears to be sticky: orbits beginning close to the boundary will stay close for a long time of Smith and Spiegel for the standard map. Similar computations have been performed countless times1 Transient Measures in the Standard Map James D. Meiss Program in Applied Mathematics University

  17. Temperature standards, what and where: resources for effective temperature measurements

    SciTech Connect

    Johnston, W.W. Jr.

    1982-01-01

    Many standards have been published to describe devices, methods, and other topics. How they are developed and by whom are briefly described, and an attempt is made to extract most of those relating to temperature measurements. A directory of temperature standards and their sources is provided.

  18. A Measure of Failure: The Political Origins of Standardized Testing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garrison, Mark J.

    2009-01-01

    How did standardized tests become the measure of performance in our public schools? In this compelling work, Mark J. Garrison attempts to answer this question by analyzing the development of standardized testing, from the days of Horace Mann and Alfred Binet to the current scene. Approaching the issue from a sociohistorical perspective, the author…

  19. National Construction of Global Education: A Critical Review of the National Curriculum Standards for South Korean Global High Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sung, Youl-Kwan; Park, Minjeong; Choi, Il-Seon

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, the authors investigate what global visions of education are reflected in the selected national curriculum standards, with special reference to two seemingly contradictory forces: globalization and nationalism. This paper examines the socio-economic and cultural foundations of the curriculum and explains how the national curriculum…

  20. Meeting the National Standards: Now What Do I Do?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LeLoup, Jean W.; Ponterio, Robert

    Ways in which teachers can use the guidelines set out in "Standards for Foreign Language Learning: Preparing for the 21st Century" (Standards) to design classroom instruction are discussed. The Standards document is explained, some misconceptions about it are examined, its relevance for the classroom teacher is explored, and examples are offered…

  1. 75 FR 10184 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Area Source Standards for Paints and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-05

    ...Pollutants: Area Source Standards for Paints and Allied Products Manufacturing...Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Paints and Allied Products Manufacturing Area...Paint & Coating Manufacturing.. 325510...

  2. 78 FR 14457 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Reciprocating Internal Combustion...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-06

    ...National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines; New Source Performance Standards for Stationary Internal Combustion Engines Correction In rule document 2013-01288, appearing on pages...

  3. 75 FR 37730 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants From Petroleum Refineries

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-30

    ...Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants From Petroleum Refineries AGENCY: Environmental Protection...pollutants from heat exchange systems at petroleum refineries. These requirements were...to the national emission standards for petroleum refineries. In this notice, we...

  4. A Network for Standardized Ocean Color Validation Measurements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zibordi, Giuseppe; Holben, Brent; Hooker, Stanford; Melin, Frederic; Berthon, Jean-Francois; Slutsker, Ilya; Giles, David; Vandemark, Doug; Feng, Hui; Rutledge, Ken; Schuster, Gregory; Al Mandoos, Abdulla

    2006-01-01

    The Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) was developed to support atmospheric studies at various scales with measurements from worldwide distributed autonomous sunphotometers [Holben et al. 1998]. AERONET has now extended its support to marine applications through the additional capability of measuring the radiance emerging from the sea with modified sun-photometers installed on offshore platforms like lighthouses, navigation aids, oceanographic and oil towers. The functionality of this added network component called AERONET - Ocean Color (AERONET-OC), has been verified at different sites and deployment structures over a four year testing phase. Continuous or occasional deployment platforms (see Fig. 1) included: the Acqua Alta Oceanographic Tower (AAOT) of the Italian National Research Council in the northern Adriatic Sea since spring 2002; the Martha s Vineyard Coastal Observatory (MVCO) tower of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in the Atlantic off the Massachusetts coast for different periods since spring 2004; the TOTAL Abu-Al-Bukhoosh oil Platform (AABP, shown through an artistic rendition in Fig. 1) in the Persian (Arabian) Gulf in fall 2004; the Gustaf Dal n Lighthouse Tower (GDLT) of the Swedish Maritime Administration in the Baltic Sea in summer 2005; and the platform at the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Ocean Validation Experiment (COVE) site located in the Atlantic Ocean off the Virginia coast since fall 2005. Data collected during the network testing phase, confirm the capability of AERONET-OC to support the validation of marine optical remote sensing products through standardized measurements of normalized water-leaving radiance, LWN, and aerosol optical thickness, a, at multiple coastal sites.

  5. Meeting the National Standards: Now What Do I Do? ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leloup, Jean; Ponterio, Robert

    This digest provides a basic introduction to the national standards in foreign language learning, essentially a set of content standards that define what students should know and be able to do in foreign language instruction in a K-12 sequence. First, background on the development of the standards is provided, and a description of the standards'…

  6. National Standards for Youth Sports: Modifying the Sports Environment for a Healthier Youth.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Alliance for Youth Sports, West Palm Beach, FL.

    This booklet lists 11 national standards for youth sports programs developed to promote a positive social experience as the primary goal of such programs. Each standard includes information on the background of its development, its rationale, and implementation information. Many of the standards address parent responsibilities. The standards are:…

  7. 30 CFR Appendix I to Subpart M of... - National Consensus Standards

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 2012-07-01 false National Consensus Standards I Appendix I to Subpart M of Part 56 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY... Machinery and Equipment Pt. 56, Subpt. M, App. I Appendix I to Subpart M of Part 56—National...

  8. 30 CFR Appendix I to Subpart M of... - National Consensus Standards

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 2013-07-01 false National Consensus Standards I Appendix I to Subpart M of Part 56 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY... Machinery and Equipment Pt. 56, Subpt. M, App. I Appendix I to Subpart M of Part 56—National...

  9. The toolbox of fluorescence standards: flexible calibration tools for the standardization of fluorescence-based measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Resch-Genger, Ute; Hoffmann, K.; Würth, C.; Behnke, T.; Hoffmann, A.; Pfeifer, D.; Engel, A.

    2010-04-01

    To improve the reliability of fluorescence data in the life and material sciences and to enable accreditation of fluorescence techniques, standardization concepts are required that guarantee and improve the comparability of fluorescence measurements. At the core of such concepts are simple and evaluated fluorescence standards for the consideration of instrument-specific spectral and intensity distortions of measured signals and for instrument performance validation (IPV). Similarly in need are fluorescence intensity standards for the quantification from measured intensities and for signal referencing, thereby accounting for excitation light-induced intensity fluctuations. These standards should be preferably certified, especially for use in regulated areas like medical diagnostics. This encouraged us to develop liquid and solid standards for different fluorescence parameters and techniques for use under routine measurement conditions in different formates. Special emphasis was dedicated to the determination and control of the spectral responsivity of detection systems, wavelength accuracy, homogeneity of illumination, and intensity referencing for e.g. spectrofluorometers, fluorescence sensors and confocal laser scanning fluorescence microscopes. Here, we will present design concepts and examples for mono- and multifunctional fluorescence standards that provide traceability to radiometric units and present a first step towards a toolbox of standards.

  10. Interpretation of echocardiographic measurements: A call for standardization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ramachandran S. Vasan; Daniel Levy; Martin G. Larson; Emelia J. Benjamin

    2000-01-01

    Background Although echocardiography is used extensively in clinical medicine, guidelines for quantitative interpretation of echocardiographic measurements are unavailable. The goals of this investigation were to provide an overview of scientific standards for formulating reference values, with clinical chemistry used as a model, to evaluate published echocardiographic reference limits, to survey clinical echocardiography laboratories regarding their interpretation of echocardiographic measurements, and

  11. 75 FR 31317 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Area Source Standards for Paints and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-03

    ...Pollutants: Area Source Standards for Paints and Allied Products Manufacturing; Amendments...direct final action on amendments to the paints and allied products manufacturing area...Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Paints and Allied Products Manufacturing...

  12. 73 FR 29184 - National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Lead

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2008-05-20

    ...the exposure index or dose metric...environmental processes influencing Pb...interest for this review, neurological...2006c) Plan for Review of the National...Assessment for the Review of the Lead National...Guidance on Systematic Planning Using...Quality Objectives Process, EPA/...

  13. 72 FR 71488 - National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Lead

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2007-12-17

    ...the exposure index or dose metric...environmental processes influencing Pb...interest for this review, neurological...2006c) Plan for Review of the National...Assessment for the Review of the Lead National...Guidance on Systematic Planning Using...Quality Objectives Process,...

  14. 1 | 2008 -Initial Physical Education Teacher Education Standards and Elements 2008 National Association for Sport and Physical Education

    E-print Network

    Milchberg, Howard

    1 | 2008 - Initial Physical Education Teacher Education Standards and Elements 2008 National Association for Sport and Physical Education Initial Physical Education Teacher Education Standards and Elements Source: (In press) NASPE (National Association for Sport and Physical Education). "2008 National

  15. Early Standard Model Measurement and Determination of Standard Model Background for Searches

    E-print Network

    S. Beauceron

    2008-08-27

    The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN in Geneva (Switzerland) will go in operation in the coming months and will soon enable us to analyze the highest energy collisions ever produced at an accelerator. Beyond Standard Model searches at LHC require a detailed understanding of the detector performance, reconstruction algorithms and triggering. Precision measurements of Standard Model processes are also mandatory to acquire the necessary knowledge of Standard Model background. Both ATLAS and CMS efforts are hence addressed to determine the best calibration candles and to design a realistic plan for the initial period of data taking.

  16. 76 FR 22383 - National Fire Codes: Request for Proposals for Revision of Codes and Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-21

    ...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Codes: Request for Proposals for Revision...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to announce...NFPA's proposal to revise some of its fire safety codes and standards and...

  17. VISITING COMMITTEE ON ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    VISITING COMMITTEE ON ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Standards and Technology 1 2009 Annual Report Visiting Committee on Advanced Technology (VCAT) of the National Institute of Standards and Technology U.S. Department of Commerce March 3, 2010 #12;VISITING COMMITTEE

  18. Turmoil, Tirades and Transformation: The Wars for the National History Standards 1991-2004

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henry, Phyllis Margaret

    2010-01-01

    This qualitative research study, in the format of an historical narrative, chronicles the issues, process of consensus, and the impact of the National History Standards Project (NHSP) on local policies and curricula in history education. The "culture wars" for the "National Standards for History" of 1994-1996 and quest for a further clarification…

  19. Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop IV Agenda National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop IV Agenda National Institute of Standards and Technology 100 Policy, Department of State 1. Yeong Ro Lee, National Standards Coordinator for Cloud Computing for Information Society and Media, European Commission 10:40 11:00 USG Cloud Computing Technology Roadmap

  20. Assessing the Life Science Knowledge of Students and Teachers Represented by the K-8 National Science Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sadler, Philip M.; Coyle, Harold; Cook Smith, Nancy; Miller, Jaimie; Mintzes, Joel; Tanner, Kimberly; Murray, John

    2013-01-01

    We report on the development of an item test bank and associated instruments based on the National Research Council (NRC) K-8 life sciences content standards. Utilizing hundreds of studies in the science education research literature on student misconceptions, we constructed 476 unique multiple-choice items that measure the degree to which test…

  1. The Measurement of pH - Definition Standards and Procedures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. p. Buck; S. Rondinini; A. k. Covington; F. g. k. Baucke; C. m. a. Brett; M. f. Camoes; M. j. t. Milton; T. Mussini; R. Naumann; K. w. Pratt; P. Spitzer

    Abstract The definition of a “primary method,of measurement” (1) has permitted a full consideration of the definition of primary standards for pH, determined by a primary method (cell without transference, Harned cell), of the definition of secondary standards by secondary methods, and of the question whether pH, as a conventional quantity, can be incorporated within the internationally-accepted SI system of

  2. Standard Test Method for Measured Speed of Oil Diffusion Pumps

    E-print Network

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    1982-01-01

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of the measured speed (volumetric flow rate) of oil diffusion pumps. 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The metric equivalents of inch-pound units may be approximate. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

  3. National Cost-effectiveness of ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010 Compared to ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007

    SciTech Connect

    Thornton, Brian; Halverson, Mark A.; Myer, Michael; Loper, Susan A.; Richman, Eric E.; Elliott, Douglas B.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Rosenberg, Michael I.

    2013-11-30

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) completed this project for the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP). DOE’s BECP supports upgrading building energy codes and standards, and the states’ adoption, implementation, and enforcement of upgraded codes and standards. Building energy codes and standards set minimum requirements for energy-efficient design and construction for new and renovated buildings, and impact energy use and greenhouse gas emissions for the life of buildings. Continuous improvement of building energy efficiency is achieved by periodically upgrading energy codes and standards. Ensuring that changes in the code that may alter costs (for building components, initial purchase and installation, replacement, maintenance and energy) are cost-effective encourages their acceptance and implementation. ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1 is the energy standard for commercial and multi-family residential buildings over three floors.

  4. Expanded polystyrene board as a standard reference material for thermal resistance measurement systems

    SciTech Connect

    Zarr, R.R. [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States)

    1997-11-01

    Thermal conductivity measurements at room temperature are presented as the basis for certified values of Standard Reference Material 1453, Expanded Polystyrene Board. The measurements have been conducted in accordance with a randomized full factorial experimental design of two variables, bulk density and temperature, using the National Institute of Standards and Technology one-meter line-heat-source guarded hot plate. Uncertainties of the measurements, consistent with current international guidelines, have been prepared. The thermal conductivity measurements were conducted over a range of bulk density of 37.4 to 45.8 kg/m{sup 3} and mean temperature of 281 to 313 K. Statistical analyses of the physical properties of Standard Reference Material 1453 are presented and include variations between boards, as well as within board.

  5. 40 CFR 52.2523 - Attainment dates for national standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...the secondary sulfur dioxide (SO2 ) standards as soon as the Sammis Power Plant meets the SO2 limitations in the Ohio State Implementation Plan. [61 FR 16063, Apr. 11, 1996] Effective Date Note: At 78 FR 33985, June 6,...

  6. 50 CFR 600.315 - National Standard 2-Scientific Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...vi) Verification and validation. Methods used to produce scientific information should be verified and validated...ensure that the quality and credibility of scientific information and scientific methods meet the standards of the...

  7. 50 CFR 600.315 - National Standard 2-Scientific Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...vi) Verification and validation. Methods used to produce scientific information should be verified and validated...ensure that the quality and credibility of scientific information and scientific methods meet the standards of the...

  8. Possible standard specimens for neutron diffraction residual stress measurements

    SciTech Connect

    Brand, P.C. [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States); [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States); Prask, H.J.; Fields, R.J. [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States); Blackburn, J. [David Taylor Research Center, Annapolis, MD (United States); Proctor, T.M. [T-Prosci Co., Gaithersburg, MD (United States)

    1995-12-31

    Increasingly, sub-surface residual stress measurements by means of neutron diffraction are being conducted at various laboratories around the world. Unlike X-ray diffraction residual stress measurement setups, neutron instruments in use worldwide vary widely in design, neutron flux, and level of dedication towards residual stress measurements. Although confidence in the neutron technique has increased within the materials science and engineering communities, no demonstration of standardization or consistency between laboratories has been made. One of the steps in the direction of such standardization is the development of standard specimens, that have well characterized residual stress states and which could be examined worldwide. In this paper the authors will examine two options for a neutron stress standard specimen: (1) a steel ring-plug specimen with very well defined diametrical interference; (2) a spot weld in a High Strength Low Alloy steel disk. The results of neutron residual stress measurements on these specimens will be discussed and conclusions as to their usefulness as neutron stress standards will be presented.

  9. 75 FR 57194 - Meeting of the National Organic Standards Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-20

    ...materials: Yeast (petition to move from Sec. 205.605 to Sec. 205.606), pectin (low-methoxy), glucosamine hydrochloride, and hops (petition to remove from the National List). Other Handling Committee recommendations...

  10. Measurement uncertainties for vacuum standards at Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science

    SciTech Connect

    Hong, S. S.; Shin, Y. H.; Chung, K. H. [Vacuum Center, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon 305-600 (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-09-15

    The Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science has three major vacuum systems: an ultrasonic interferometer manometer (UIM) (Sec. II, Figs. 1 and 2) for low vacuum, a static expansion system (SES) (Sec. III, Figs. 3 and 4) for medium vacuum, and an orifice-type dynamic expansion system (DES) (Sec. IV, Figs. 5 and 6) for high and ultrahigh vacuum. For each system explicit measurement model equations with multiple variables are, respectively, given. According to ISO standards, all these system variable errors were used to calculate the expanded uncertainty (U). For each system the expanded uncertainties (k=1, confidence level=95%) and relative expanded uncertainty (expanded uncertainty/generated pressure) are summarized in Table IV and are estimated to be as follows. For UIM, at 2.5-300 Pa generated pressure, the expanded uncertainty is <4.17x10{sup -2} Pa and the relative expanded uncertainty is <1.18x10{sup -2}; at 1-100 kPa generated pressure, the expanded uncertainty is <7.87 Pa and the relative expanded uncertainty is <7.84x10{sup -5}. For SES, at 3-100 Pa generated pressure, the expanded uncertainty is <1.77x10{sup -1} Pa and the relative expanded uncertainty is <1.81x10{sup -3}. For DES, at 4.6x10{sup -3}-1.3x10{sup -2} Pa generated pressure, the expanded uncertainty is <1.04x10{sup -4} Pa and the relative expanded uncertainty is <8.37x10{sup -3}; at 3.0x10{sup -6}-9.0x10{sup -4} Pa generated pressure, the expanded uncertainty is <8.21x10{sup -6} Pa and the relative expanded uncertainty is <1.37x10{sup -2}. Within uncertainty limits our bilateral and key comparisons [CCM.P-K4 (10 Pa-1 kPa)] are extensive and in good agreement with those of other nations (Fig. 8 and Table V)

  11. Communication standards and competencies for kindergarten through grade 12: The role of the national communication association

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Roy M. Berko; Sherwyn P. Morreale; Pamela J. Cooper; Carolyn D. Perry

    1998-01-01

    The National Communication Association (NCA) joined the education community in addressing the Goals 2000 challenge to improve K?12 education. In 1996, NCA published the pamphlet Speaking, Listening, and Media Literacy Standards for K Through 12 Education. Given the success of the Standards, a discipline?wide effort was then initiated to articulate developmentally appropriate competency statements for each of NCA's 23 Standards.

  12. Beyond the Rhetoric: An Historian's View of the "National" Standards for United States History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stern, Sheldon M.

    1994-01-01

    Suggests there are flaws in the National Standards for United States History that could be detrimental to students. According to the author, in their pervasive present-mindedness and self-censorship, the standard's framers underestimate and ill-serve the students because the standards help develop a smug, superior, and self-righteous attitude…

  13. SODA FOUNTAIN-LUNCHEONETTE EQUIPMENT AND APPURTENANCES. NATIONAL SANITATION FOUNDATION STANDARD NO. 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Sanitation Foundation, Ann Arbor, MI.

    THIS STANDARD OF SODA FOUNTAIN-LUNCHEONETTE EQUIPMENT IS THE FIRST IN A SERIES OF NATIONAL SANITATION FOUNDATION STANDARDS. THESE STANDARDS ARE ISSUED IN RECOGNITION OF THE LONG FELT NEED FOR A COMMON UNDERSTANDING OF THE PROBLEMS OF SANITATION INVOLVING INDUSTRIAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE HEALTH OFFICIALS WHOSE OBLIGATION IT IS TO ENFORCE REGULATIONS.…

  14. Behind the Curtain: Assessing the Case for National Curriculum Standards. Policy Analysis. No. 661

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCluskey, Neal

    2010-01-01

    The argument for national curriculum standards sounds simple: set high standards, make all schools meet them, and watch American students achieve at high levels. It is straightforward and compelling, and it is driving a sea change in American education policy. Unfortunately, setting high standards and getting American students to hit them is…

  15. National Standard Details Library An Electronic Library of Parametric CAD Details

    E-print Network

    Amor, Robert

    National Standard Details Library ­ An Electronic Library of Parametric CAD Details James Nyambayo the development of a demonstrator library of parameterised standard CAD Details on the Internet. The library of the project has been to develop a framework for the development of standard CAD details for specific areas

  16. National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants—Calendar Year 2010 INL Report for Radionuclides (2011)

    SciTech Connect

    Mark Verdoorn; Tom Haney

    2011-06-01

    This report documents the calendar Year 2010 radionuclide air emissions and resulting effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public from operations at the Department of Energy's Idaho National Laboratory Site. This report was prepared in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, 'Protection of the Environment,' Part 61, 'National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants,' Subpart H, 'National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other than Radon from Department of Energy Facilities.'

  17. National Board Certification as Professional Development: An Empirical Study of the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards Process, Final Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavalluzzo, Linda; Barrow, Lisa; Henderson, Stephen

    2014-01-01

    This study responds to a request from the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards to analyze National Board certification among high school teachers in understudied subject areas and locales to help fill gaps in the research literature. The authors also were asked to use multiple indicators of performance. The research team selected two…

  18. Updating OSHA standards based on national consensus standards. Direct final rule.

    PubMed

    2007-12-14

    In this direct final rule, the Agency is removing several references to consensus standards that have requirements that duplicate, or are comparable to, other OSHA rules; this action includes correcting a paragraph citation in one of these OSHA rules. The Agency also is removing a reference to American Welding Society standard A3.0-1969 ("Terms and Definitions") in its general-industry welding standards. This rulemaking is a continuation of OSHA's ongoing effort to update references to consensus and industry standards used throughout its rules. PMID:18095412

  19. 77 FR 67628 - National Fire Codes: Request for Public Input for Revision of Codes and Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-13

    ...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Codes: Request for Public Input for Revision...This notice contains the list of National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) documents...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to...

  20. 77 FR 34020 - National Fire Codes: Request for Public Input for Revision of Codes and Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-08

    ...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Codes: Request for Public Input for Revision...This notice contains the list of National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) documents...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to...

  1. 78 FR 24725 - National Fire Codes: Request for Public Input for Revision of Codes and Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-26

    ...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Codes: Request for Public Input for Revision...This notice contains the list of National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) documents...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to...

  2. Optically Measuring Force near the Standard Quantum Limit

    E-print Network

    Schreppler, Sydney; Brahms, Nathan; Botter, Thierry; Barrios, Maryrose; Stamper-Kurn, Dan M

    2013-01-01

    The Heisenberg uncertainty principle sets a lower bound on the sensitivity of continuous optical measurements of force. This bound, the standard quantum limit, can only be reached when a mechanical oscillator subjected to the force is unperturbed by its environment, and when measurement imprecision from photon shot-noise is balanced against disturbance from measurement backaction. We apply an external force to the center-of-mass motion of an ultracold atom cloud in a high-finesse optical cavity. The optomechanically transduced response clearly demonstrates the trade-off between measurement imprecision and back-action noise. We achieve a sensitivity that is consistent with theoretical predictions for the quantum limit given the atoms' slight residual thermal disturbance and the photodetection quantum efficiency, and is a factor of 4 above the absolute standard quantum limit.

  3. Optically Measuring Force near the Standard Quantum Limit

    E-print Network

    Sydney Schreppler; Nicolas Spethmann; Nathan Brahms; Thierry Botter; Maryrose Barrios; Dan M. Stamper-Kurn

    2013-12-17

    The Heisenberg uncertainty principle sets a lower bound on the sensitivity of continuous optical measurements of force. This bound, the standard quantum limit, can only be reached when a mechanical oscillator subjected to the force is unperturbed by its environment, and when measurement imprecision from photon shot-noise is balanced against disturbance from measurement backaction. We apply an external force to the center-of-mass motion of an ultracold atom cloud in a high-finesse optical cavity. The optomechanically transduced response clearly demonstrates the trade-off between measurement imprecision and back-action noise. We achieve a sensitivity that is consistent with theoretical predictions for the quantum limit given the atoms' slight residual thermal disturbance and the photodetection quantum efficiency, and is a factor of 4 above the absolute standard quantum limit.

  4. Optimization of BRDF measurement method using Spectralon white reflectance standard

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tao, Hui-Rong; Qu, Xing-Hua; Zhang, Fu-Min; Zhu, Yuan-Qing

    2013-10-01

    There are two kinds of methods to measure the bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF), direct method and relatively method. The relatively method is widely used because of its convenience and small error. However, the BRDF of the Spectralon white reflectance standard in relatively method was found to deviate from the Lambertian BRDF. It was found to vary with the angle of incidence, the wavelength of incidence and the states of polarization of the incident and reflected light. This paper proposes an optimized measurement formula of BRDF. The result is corrected. Taking the BRDF of standard roughness specimens for example, experimental results show that the measurement accuracy is improved comparing with the original formula. Finally the error analysis is carried out on the accuracy of measurement. The research has certain reference significance for the study of target characteristics on non-cooperative target ranging.

  5. Development and status of data quality assurance program at NASA Langley research center: Toward national standards

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hemsch, Michael J.

    1996-01-01

    As part of a continuing effort to re-engineer the wind tunnel testing process, a comprehensive data quality assurance program is being established at NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC). The ultimate goal of the program is routing provision of tunnel-to-tunnel reproducibility with total uncertainty levels acceptable for test and evaluation of civilian transports. The operational elements for reaching such levels of reproducibility are: (1) statistical control, which provides long term measurement uncertainty predictability and a base for continuous improvement, (2) measurement uncertainty prediction, which provides test designs that can meet data quality expectations with the system's predictable variation, and (3) national standards, which provide a means for resolving tunnel-to-tunnel differences. The paper presents the LaRC design for the program and discusses the process of implementation.

  6. FCS National Standards: Do They Underpin Secondary Curriculum?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Bettye P.; Hall, Helen C.; Jones, Karen H.

    2005-01-01

    This study focuses on the seven standards that are included in a comprehensive (family-oriented) FCS program: (1) Family; (2) Nutrition and Wellness; (3) Human Development; (4) Interpersonal relationships; (5) Career, Community, and Family Connections; (6) Parenting; and (7) Family and Community Services. The study was conducted to better…

  7. Agricultural Biotechnology Technician. National Voluntary Occupational Skill Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Future Farmers of America Foundation, Madison, WI.

    The skill standards in this document were developed as a result of meetings between representatives of the agricultural industry and educational institutions to determine the skills and educational preparation required of an agricultural biotechnology technician, verified by technicians working in laboratories, greenhouses, animal facilities, and…

  8. Convergence of accounting standards in the South Pacific island nations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Parmod Chand

    2006-01-01

    This study examines the relevance of the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs) to emerging economies. Utilising the historical and institutional framework, it analyses the relevance of IFRSs to an emerging economy—Fiji—by identifying the specific needs for accounting information in the domestic economy. The paper demonstrates that the needs and the nature of the social and economic systems of developed countries

  9. National Apprenticeship and Training Standards for Dental Technicians. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of Dental Labs., Inc., Washington, DC.

    The guidebook presents a systematic and uniform method for training dental technicians throughout the industry, incorporating basic standards recommended by the Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training. The first section defines terminology and establishes rules and regulations regarding apprentices and apprenticeship programs in 16 areas, including…

  10. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 22

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 22 contains data for over 7,500 food items for up to 143 food components when a complete profile is available for a food item. It replaces the previous release, SR21, issued in September 2008. Data in SR22 supersede values in the printed Han...

  11. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 21

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 21 contains data for 7,414 food items for up to 140 food components when a complete profile is available for a food item. It replaces the previous release, SR20, issued in September 2007. Data in SR21 supersede values in the printed Handbook...

  12. USDA NATIONAL NUTRIENT DATABASE FOR STANDARD REFERENCE, RELEASE 19

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 19 contains data for 7,291 food items for up to 140 food components when a complete profile is available for a food item. It replaces the previous release, SR18, issued in August 2005. Data in SR19 supersede values in the printed Handbooks a...

  13. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 20

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 20 contains data for 7,517 food items for up to 140 food components when a complete profile is available for a food item. It replaces the previous release, SR19, issued in August 2006. Data in SR20 supersede values in printed USDA handbooks ...

  14. USDA NATIONAL NUTRIENT DATABASE FOR STANDARD REFERENCE, RELEASE NO. 18

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 18 contains data for 7,147 food items for up to 136 food components when a complete profile is available for a food item. It replaces the previous release, SR17, issued in August 2004. Data in SR18 supersede values in the printed Handbooks a...

  15. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    Accreditation Program ISSUE DATE: March 5, 2009 NUMBER: LB-40-2009 LAB BULLETIN LAP: Personal Body Armor SUBJECT: Compliance Testing Program Administrative Clarification Documents The Body Armor Compliance Testing Program Standard 0101.06, Ballistic Resistance of Body Armor These documents are available at: http

  16. 7 CFR 300.5 - International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Measures. 300.5 Section 300.5 Agriculture Regulations...INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE § 300.5 International Standards for...Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR...regulations/ibr_locations.html ; or (2) May be...

  17. A Comparison of Standard and Nonstandard Measures of Malt Quality

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The objectives of this study were to determine if six highly elite malting barley cultivars could be distinguished from each other by using univariate and multivariate statistics to analyze nine standard and 22 nonstandard measures of malting quality. Simple linear regression revealed cultivar diff...

  18. National Institute of Standards and Technology Automated Security Support Tools

    E-print Network

    and Technology 5 The FISMA Vision We are building a solid foundation of information security across the largest to Successful FISMA Implementation September 18, 2006 Dr. Ron Ross Computer Security Division Information's critical information infrastructure and ultimately threaten our economic and national security... #12

  19. NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LABORATORY ACCREDITATION CONFERENCE, BY LAWS, AND STANDARDS

    EPA Science Inventory

    NELAC is the result of a joint effort by EPA, other federal agencies, the States, and the private sector that began in 1990 when EPA's Environmental Monitoring Management Council (EMMC) established an internal work group to consider the feasibility and advisability of a national ...

  20. Surviving History: Gary Nash and the National Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bingham, Marjorie

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the author recalls the first time she met Gary Nash. He came to speak at a Bradley Commission meeting and she was rather surprised to see him appear and to find out that he, along with Charlotte Crabtree, was involved in a National Center for History. She gives three reasons for her surprise which she thinks may tell aspects of…

  1. [National primary standard of absorbed dose rate to water using a graphite calorimeter].

    PubMed

    Morishita, Yuichiro

    2013-01-01

    The calibration service in terms of absorbed dose to water started from 2011 after establishment of the national primary standard using a graphite calorimeter at the national metrology institute of Japan (NMIJ) and JCSS accreditation of the association for nuclear technology in medicine (ANTM). Accordingly, a new dosimetry protocol was introduced as JSMP12, in which details of the national standard were also described. This report presents a short review of the standard, a key comparison result, and a comparison result of calibration coefficients by JSMP01 and JSMP12. PMID:24893493

  2. National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants—Calendar Year 2012 INL Report for Radionuclides (2013)

    SciTech Connect

    Mark Verdoorn; Tom Haney

    2013-06-01

    This report documents the calendar year 2011 radionuclide air emissions and resulting effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public from operations at the Department of Energy’s Idaho National Laboratory Site. This report was prepared in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, “Protection of the Environment,” Part 61, “National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants,” Subpart H, “National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other than Radon from Department of Energy Facilities.” The effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public was 4.58E-02 mrem per year, 0.46 percent of the 10 mrem standard.

  3. National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants—Calendar Year 2011 INL Report for Radionuclides (2012)

    SciTech Connect

    Mark Verdoorn; Tom Haney

    2012-06-01

    This report documents the calendar year 2011 radionuclide air emissions and resulting effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public from operations at the Department of Energy's Idaho National Laboratory Site. This report was prepared in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, 'Protection of the Environment,' Part 61, 'National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants,' Subpart H, 'National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other than Radon from Department of Energy Facilities.' The effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public was 4.58E-02 mrem per year, 0.46 percent of the 10 mrem standard.

  4. National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants—Calendar Year 2013 INL Report for Radionuclides (2014)

    SciTech Connect

    Mark Verdoorn; Tom Haney

    2014-06-01

    This report documents the calendar year 2011 radionuclide air emissions and resulting effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public from operations at the Department of Energy’s Idaho National Laboratory Site. This report was prepared in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, “Protection of the Environment,” Part 61, “National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants,” Subpart H, “National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other than Radon from Department of Energy Facilities.” The effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public was 4.58E-02 mrem per year, 0.46 percent of the 10 mrem standard.

  5. Standardization of Solar Mirror Reflectance Measurements - Round Robin Test: Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Meyen, S.; Lupfert, E.; Fernandez-Garcia, A.; Kennedy, C.

    2010-10-01

    Within the SolarPaces Task III standardization activities, DLR, CIEMAT, and NREL have concentrated on optimizing the procedure to measure the reflectance of solar mirrors. From this work, the laboratories have developed a clear definition of the method and requirements needed of commercial instruments for reliable reflectance results. A round robin test was performed between the three laboratories with samples that represent all of the commercial solar mirrors currently available for concentrating solar power (CSP) applications. The results show surprisingly large differences in hemispherical reflectance (sh) of 0.007 and specular reflectance (ss) of 0.004 between the laboratories. These differences indicate the importance of minimum instrument requirements and standardized procedures. Based on these results, the optimal procedure will be formulated and validated with a new round robin test in which a better accuracy is expected. Improved instruments and reference standards are needed to reach the necessary accuracy for cost and efficiency calculations.

  6. NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY 1 The Myths and Realities of FISMA

    E-print Network

    are building a solid foundation of information security across one of the largest information technology Enterprise Information Security Program Dr. Ron Ross January 24, 2007 #12;NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS Extensible Repeatable Organized Structured "Building information security into the infrastructure

  7. NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LABORATORY ACCREDITATION CONFERENCE; CONSTITUTION, BYLAWS AND STANDARDS: APPROVED MAY 25, 2001

    EPA Science Inventory

    The principles and operating procedures for the National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Conference (NELAC) are contained in the NELAC Constitution and Bylaws. The major portion of this document (standards) contains detailed requirements for accrediting environmental labo...

  8. What Has the Federal Renewable Fuels Standard Accomplished - A National Perspective (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Schwab, A.

    2013-04-01

    This presentation provides an overview of the nation's biofuels industry accomplishments and a perspective on the challenges and implications of reaching goals set in the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS).

  9. Does It Have To Be This Hard? Implementing the Nation's Most Complex Renewables Portfolio Standard

    SciTech Connect

    Wiser, Ryan; Porter, Kevin; Bolinger, Mark; Raitt, Heather

    2005-10-01

    Results from stakeholder interviews in California suggest a number of policy prescriptions - some of which have since been adopted - to ease the implementation of the nation's most aggressive, and most complex, renewables portfolio standard.

  10. Does It Have To Be This Hard? Implementing the Nation's Most Complex Renewables Portfolio Standard

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ryan Wiser; Kevin Porter; Mark Bolinger; Heather Raitt

    2005-01-01

    Results from stakeholder interviews in California suggest a number of policy prescriptions - some of which have since been adopted - to ease the implementation of the nation's most aggressive, and most complex, renewables portfolio standard.

  11. 77 FR 14324 - National Volatile Organic Compound Emission Standards for Aerosol Coatings-Addition of Dimethyl...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-09

    ...is a rule that establishes national reactivity-based emission standards for the aerosol coatings category (aerosol spray paints) under the Clean Air Act. This proposed action adds three compounds: dimethyl carbonate, benzotrifluoride, and...

  12. 63 FR 18754 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants; Proposed Standards for Hazardous Air...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    1998-04-15

    ...97 lb/ton) BLS (as BLS (as measured by measured by THC) OR 90% THC) OR 90% reduction. reduction...black liquor solids; CaO = calcium oxide (lime); THC = total hydrocarbons; gr/dscf = grains per dry...

  13. 75 FR 19310 - Delegation of New Source Performance Standards and National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-14

    ...EPA-R06-OAR-2006-0851; FRL-9137-1] Delegation of New Source Performance Standards...updated regulations for receiving delegation of EPA authority for implementation...revisions made after July 1, 2008. The delegation of authority under this action...

  14. Precision Electroweak Measurements and Constraints on the Standard Model

    SciTech Connect

    Collaboration, ALEPH; Collaboration, CDF; Collaboration, D0; Collaboration, DELPHI; Collaboration, L3; Collaboration, OPAL; Collaboration, SLD; Group, LEP Electroweak Working; Group, Tevatron Electroweak Working; groups, SLD electroweak heavy flavour

    2009-11-01

    This note presents constraints on Standard Model parameters using published and preliminary precision electroweak results measured at the electron-positron colliders LEP and SLC. The results are compared with precise electroweak measurements from other experiments, notably CDF and D0 at the Tevatron. Constraints on the input parameters of the Standard Model are derived from the combined set of results obtained in high-Q{sup 2} interactions, and used to predict results in low-Q{sup 2} experiments, such as atomic parity violation, Moeller scattering, and neutrino-nucleon scattering. The main changes with respect to the experimental results presented in 2008 are new combinations of results on the W-boson mass and the mass of the top quark.

  15. 40 CFR Appendix S to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen (Nitrogen Dioxide) S Appendix S to Part 50 Protection...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen (Nitrogen Dioxide) 1. General (a)...

  16. 40 CFR Appendix S to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen (Nitrogen Dioxide) S Appendix S to Part 50 Protection...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen (Nitrogen Dioxide) 1. General (a)...

  17. 40 CFR Appendix S to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen (Nitrogen Dioxide) S Appendix S to Part 50 Protection...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen (Nitrogen Dioxide) 1. General (a)...

  18. 40 CFR Appendix S to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen (Nitrogen Dioxide) S Appendix S to Part 50 Protection...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen (Nitrogen Dioxide) 1. General (a)...

  19. Estimating Wet Bulb Globe Temperature Using Standard Meteorological Measurements

    SciTech Connect

    Hunter, C.H.

    1999-11-18

    The heat stress management program at the Department of Energy''s Savannah River Site (SRS) requires implementation of protective controls on outdoor work based on observed values of wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT). To ensure continued compliance with heat stress program requirements, a computer algorithm was developed which calculates an estimate of WBGT using standard meteorological measurements. In addition, scripts were developed to generate a calculation every 15 minutes and post the results to an Intranet web site.

  20. Elemental characterization of the National Bureau of Standards Milk Powder Standard Reference Material by instrumental and radiochemical neutron activation analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Greenburg, R.R.

    1986-10-01

    The Milk Powder Standard Reference Material, SRM 1549, recently prepared by the National Bureau of Standards has been analyzed by instrumental and radiochemical neutron activation analysis. The extremely low levels of many of the elements of interest, combined with the high levels of many of the matrix elements, necessitated improvements in many of the existing analytical procedures. Special attention has been given to reducing and evaluating the analytical uncertainties. Bovine Liver, SRM 1577, was analyzed as a control and the results obtained were compared with the literature and the NBS certified values.

  1. Realization of Measurement and the Standard Quantum Limit

    E-print Network

    Masanao Ozawa

    2015-05-05

    This paper, following [M. Ozawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 385 (1988)], reports a refutation of the claim that for monitoring the position of a free mass such as gravitational-wave interferometers the sensitivity is limited by the so called standard quantum limit (SQL) due to the uncertainty principle. The latest proof of the SQL is analyzed to revleal an unsupported assumption on quantum measurements. Quantum measurement theory is introduced to give a general criterion for physically realizable measurements in quantum mechanics. A theory of approximate position measurements is developed to obtain a rigorous condition for the SQL and also to show that a precise position measurement can leave the object in an arbitrary family of states independent of the input state. This concludes that Yuen's proposal of breaking the SQL by a contractive state measurement, a measurement of the position leaving the free mass in a state with the position uncertainty decreasing in time, is physically realizable in principle. To enforce this conclusion, a model for error-free position measurement that leaves the object in a contractive state is constructed with a solvable Hamiltonian for measuring interaction. Finally, this model is shown to break the SQL with arbitrary accuracy.

  2. Communication Standards and Competencies for Kindergarten through Grade 12: The Role of the National Communication Association.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berko, Roy M.; Morreale, Sherwyn P.; Cooper, Pamela J.; Perry, Carolyn D.

    1998-01-01

    Offers historical background on some of the National Communication Association's past involvement in K-12 education. Describes the process used to develop the K-12 standards for speaking, listening, and media literacy. Gives an overview of the present effort to articulate competency statements for each standard. (SR)

  3. Methods of Imputation used in the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Objective: To present the predominate methods of imputing used to estimate nutrient values for foods in the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference (SR20). Materials and Methods: The USDA Nutrient Data Laboratory developed standard methods for imputing nutrient values for foods wh...

  4. Voluntary National Content Standards in Economics: 20 Enduring Concepts and Benchmarks for Beleaguered Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engstrom, Laurie; Meszaros, Bonnie

    1998-01-01

    Asserts that elementary students should learn economics to prepare for their adult roles as consumers, producers, and voters. Discusses the "Voluntary National Content Standards in Economics" that consist of 20 standards and the respective benchmarks that describe the concepts students need to know by the end of grades 4, 8, and 12. (CMK)

  5. The Development of National Occupational Standards for Intercultural Working in the UK

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacDonald, Malcolm N.; O'Regan, John P.; Witana, Julie

    2009-01-01

    From 2007 to 2008, CILT (Centre for Information for Language Teachers) developed a set of National Occupational Standards for Intercultural Working in the UK. This paper reports on three questions arising from the development project: how these standards are distinctive from others, how they realise intercultural competence and how they meet…

  6. How do the National Science Education Standards support the teaching of engineering principles and design?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Sami Fadali; Mike Robinson

    2000-01-01

    The recently developed National Science Education Standards (NSES) have the overall goal of making scientific literacy, in all of our citizens, a reality in the 21st century. The NSES science standards address content in science and technology as well as science as inquiry, science in personal and social perspectives, and the history and nature of science in grades K-4, 5-8

  7. Reporting Student Achievement Against National Standards: Discussion Paper on Reporting to Parents Examples

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kerry Mitchell; Dip Tching

    This paper is written in response to recent developments in the New Zealand Education sector. National achievement standards have been introduced and with their introduction the debate about how best to report student achievement against the standards has arisen. A number of reporting examples have been developed by the Ministry of Education which demonstrate possible ways of achieving an effective

  8. Politics and the History Curriculum: The Struggle over Standards in Texas and the Nation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erekson, Keith A., Ed.

    2012-01-01

    The politicians and pastors who revised the Texas social studies standards made national and international headlines. However, much of that coverage was sensational and squeezed the process into a narrow "culture war" storyline. Politics and the History Curriculum sets the debate over the Texas standards within a broader context by exploring the…

  9. NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY 1 Information Security Seminar Series

    E-print Network

    AND TECHNOLOGY 5 FISMA Strategic Vision We are building a solid foundation of information security across oneNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY 1 Information Security Seminar Series FISMA of the largest information technology infrastructures in the world based on comprehensive security standards

  10. Strict Scrutiny: An Analysis of National Standards on Civic Education through the Perspectives of Contemporary Theorists.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vontz, Thomas S.

    Focusing on the most recent standards movement and the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) framework for civics and government, this paper attempts to use the standards and framework to construct a synthesis model of civic education, to analyze the model through the perspectives of five civic education theorists, and to subject the…

  11. AT THE THRESHOLD: A NATIONAL CONSENSUS QUALITY SYSTEMS STANDARD FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Since 1989, efforts have been under way by the Energy & Environmental Quality Division to develop a national consensus standard for quality systems for environmental programs. he proposed standard, ANSI/ASQC E4-19xx, Quality Systems Requirements for Environmental Programs, has ju...

  12. Latest Evidence on the National Staff Development Council's Standards Assessment Inventory. Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vaden-Kiernan, Michael; Jones, Debra Hughes; McCann, Erin

    2009-01-01

    The National Staff Development Council (NSDC), a private, nonprofit association, has outlined high standards for educator professional learning. One demonstration of NSDC's commitment to the goal of ensuring all schools support and use high standards for professional learning is the organization's investment in developing an instrument to assess…

  13. Foregrounding Silences in the South African National Early Learning Standards for Birth to Four Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ebrahim, Hasina Banu

    2014-01-01

    The development of standards in early childhood is associated with governments wanting to assert their influence on what young children should know and be able to do before they enter formal schooling. In South Africa the National Early Learning and Development Standards (NELDS), released in 2009, attempts to assert influence in the context of…

  14. LF-VLF Frequency and Time Services of the National Bureau of Standards

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David H. Andrews

    1965-01-01

    The United States Frequency Standard and National Bureau of Standards Time Scale are described, and the techniques by which they are used to control the broadcasts from WWVB and WWVL, Fort Collins, Colo., are presented. A practical method for control of frequency and time broadcasts from WWV, Greenbelt, Md., is described and actual results shown.

  15. Professional Development in the Context of National Board for Professional Teaching Standards Certification: Implications beyond Certification.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kowalski, Kenneth; Chittenden, Edward; Spicer, Willa; Jones, Jacqueline; Tocci, Cindy

    The National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS) has challenged test developers to create a voluntary program of certification in which highly accomplished teachers receive recognition for meeting rigorous standards. These four papers report the experiences of teacher-candidates, school district administrators, researchers, and test…

  16. The Ugly, the Bad, and the Good in the National History Standards Controversy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunn, Ross E.

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the author appropriates from Clint Eastwood's film simply to organize a few remarks on his experience working with Gary Nash on the project to develop the U.S. national standards for history back in the mid 1990s. Sound bites are a powerful political tool, and it did not take them long to realize that the attacks on the standards

  17. A Comparison of Three Methods for Establishing Minimum Standards on the National Teacher Examinations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cross, Lawrence H.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Minimum standards were established for the National Teacher Examinations (NTE) by teacher educators instructed in the use of the Angoff, Nedelsky, or Jaeger procedures. The anticipated failure rates, the psychometric characteristics of the ratings, and other factors suggest the Angoff procedure yields the most defensible standards for the NTE area…

  18. Effects of stance angle on postural stability and performance with national-standard air pistol competitors.

    PubMed

    Hawkins, Richard Nelson

    2013-01-01

    The effects of stance angle on postural stability and shooting processes were studied using eight national-standard male air-pistol shooters. Each shooter performed 60 shots each in four stance angles (0°, 15°, 30° and 45° from the line of fire). Postural stability was determined by measuring change in centre of pressure with a dual-force platform system assessing centre-of-pressure (COP) excursion (average difference of the centre of pressure from the mean) and COP speed (total COP path divided by time). Shooting process measures were determined by using a NOPTEL ST-2000 optoelectronic system. Score was assessed with a Sius Ascor S10 electronic scoring system. The results revealed no significant difference among the various stance angles; COP excursion or COP speed, p>0.05. Results indicated a significant stance angle effect with the shooting process measure, hit fine (percentage of hold within an area the size of the 10-ring when centred over the actual shot; p = 0.025) and the shooting performance measure adjusted score (raw score adjusted for true zero; p=0.008). Moreover, best overall performance was with a stance angle of 15°. These findings suggest that stance angle may affect pistol stability and performance in air-pistol athletes. PMID:24050465

  19. Riding Standards. The Policies and Operating Procedures of the National Riding Committee 1978-79.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cronin, Paul D., Ed.; Lee, Marion H., Ed.

    This guide provides standards relating to the following: forward riding and western riding examination requirements; appointment, apprenticeship, and renewal of national and local judges; and programs for teaching riding. Procedures for setting up rating centers are also provided. Appendices provide a list of the members of the National Riding…

  20. National educators' workshop: Update 1988. Standard experiments in engineering materials science and technology

    SciTech Connect

    Gardner, J.E.; Jacobs, J.A.

    1990-01-01

    Presented here is a collection of experiments presented and demonstrated at the National Educators' Workshop: Update 88, held May 10 to 12, 1988 at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersberg, Maryland. The experiments related to the nature and properties of engineering materials and provided information to assist in teaching about materials in the education community.

  1. National Education Standards and Tests: Big Expense, Little Value. WebMemo. No. 3157

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Lindsey M.

    2011-01-01

    The federal Race to the Top (RTTT) competitive grant program awarded $4.35 billion among select states, giving preference on grant applications to those states that agreed to adopt national education standards and tests. Moreover, the Obama Administration has suggested making federal Title I funding contingent upon adoption of national

  2. THE COMMISSIONING OF THE FIRST UK NATIONAL STANDARD STATIC TORQUE CALIBRATION MACHINE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andy Robinson

    At IMEKO - XV World Congress, the design of the first UK national torque calibration machine was described. Following the construction of the machine, this paper describes its commissioning, leading to the establishment of the first UK national static torque calibration standard. The novel vertical transducer orientation is made possible through several innovative sub-assemblies. This paper evaluates the performances of

  3. A Blueprint for Empowering Families: The National Standards for Family-School Partnerships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Sherri

    2012-01-01

    The six National Standards for Family-School Partnerships provide a research-based framework for strengthening family engagement programs, activities, and policies by shifting the focus from what schools should do to involve parents, to what parents, schools, and communities can do together to support student success. An adjunct to the National

  4. Tailoring National Standards to Early Science Teacher Identities: Building on Personal Histories to Support Beginning Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eick, Charles J.

    2009-01-01

    Individual recommendation plans (IRP) for student teaching practice were co-constructed with two methods students based on the select application of National Science Teachers Association's National Standards for Science Teacher Preparation. Methods students completed a resume, an interview on pedagogical preferences, and a learning styles survey…

  5. National Standards and School Reform in Japan and the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeCoker, Gary, Ed.

    This book is a collection of works that explore the implications of a national U.S. curriculum through the study of Japanese education. It consists of 10 chapters: (1) "The Development of the Course of Study and the Structure of Educational Reform in Japan" (Hiroshi Azuma); (2) "Setting National Standards: Educational Reform, Social Change, and…

  6. National Educators' Workshop: Update 1988. Standard Experiments in Engineering Materials Science and Technology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gardner, James E. (compiler); Jacobs, James A. (compiler)

    1990-01-01

    Presented here is a collection of experiments presented and demonstrated at the National Educators' Workshop: Update 88, held May 10 to 12, 1988 at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersberg, Maryland. The experiments related to the nature and properties of engineering materials and provided information to assist in teaching about materials in the education community.

  7. Los Alamos National Laboratory standard nuclear material container

    SciTech Connect

    Stone, Timothy A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01

    The shut down of United States (U.S.) nuclear-weapons production activities in the early 1990s left large quantities of nuclear materials throughout the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) complex in forms not intended for long-term storage. In May 1994, the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB) issued Recommendation 94-1, which called for the stabilization and disposition of 'thousands of containers of plutonium-bearing liquids and solids' in the DOE complex, including LANL in the nuclear-weapons-manufacturing pipeline when manufacturing ended. This resulted in the development of the 3013 standard with container requirements for long term storage (up to 50 years). A follow on was the Criteria For Interim Storage of Plutonium Bearing Materials, Charles B. Curtis, in 1996 to address storage other than the 3013 standard for shorter time frames. In January 2000, the DNFSB issued Recommendation 2000-1, which stated the need for LANL to repackage 'about one ton of plutonium metal and oxide,' declared excess to Defense Program (DP) needs. The DNFSB recommended that LANL 'stabilize and seal within welded containers with an inert atmosphere the plutonium oxides ... which are not yet in states conforming to the long-term storage envisaged by DOE-STD-3013,' and that they '... enclose existing and newly-generated legacy plutonium metal in sealed containers with an inert atmosphere,' and 'remediate and/or safely store the various residues.' Recommendation 2000-1, while adding to the number of items needing remediation, also reiterated the need to address remaining items from 1994-1 in a timely fashion. Since timetables slipped, the DNFSB recommended that the Complex 'prioritize and schedule tasks according to the consideration of risks.' In March 2005, the DNFSB issued Recommendation 2005-1. This recommendation addresses the need for a consistent set of criteria across the DOE complex for the interim storage of nuclear material packaged outside an engineered barrier. The Department of Energy (DOE) approved and issued on March 7, 2008, DOE M 441.1-1, Nuclear Material Packaging Manual [hereafter referred to as Manual] to address this recommendation, and a Prioritization Methodology as a complex-wide requirement for the packaging of nuclear material outside an engineered barrier. The Manual establishes 'technically justified criteria' for packages in order to ensure safe interim storage and handling outside an engineered barrier. The Prioritization Methodology establishes a risk-based procedure for identifying the order to repackage that would most efficiently reduce the overall risk. It is a logical extension of the work performed to meet the two earlier DNFSB recommendations to include all materials stored outside of engineered barriers, i.e., not just excess materials. LANL will continue to work all aspects of a comprehensive Implementation Plan to d monstrate all aspects of compliance with the Manual. Assessment of materials in nonstandard containers utilizing a risk based approach, repackaging up to 400 containers/year; activities include reprocessing of items to allow container consolidation and subsequent increase in vault capacity. Continued efforts in establishing and implementing a Surveillance and Maintenance Program for current Hagans and for the NG SNMCSs supported by a database for packaging and surveillance. Elastomer aging studies for the NG SNMCs will continue to justify extending the design life well beyond the currently specified five years. First production with containers available for use anticipated in June 2010. LANL will continue to define schedule and resources to meet these objectives.

  8. Leadership for Change: National Standards for Family and Consumer Sciences Education. Family and Consumer Sciences Teacher Education. Yearbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vail, Ann, Ed.; Fox, Wanda S., Ed.; Wild, Peggy, Ed.

    This book contains 27 papers on the development of national standards for family and consumer sciences (FACS) education. The following papers are included: "Leadership for Change: Developing the National Standards" (Peggy Wild); "National Standards Model" (Wanda S. Fox); "Reasoning for Action" (Wanda S. Fox, Janet F. Laster); "Career, Community,…

  9. 77 FR 51798 - First Draft Documents Related to the Review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-27

    ...Review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone AGENCY...of the Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards: First External...commercial forests and urban trees, additional discussions in Chapter...of the Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards:...

  10. Beauty and the beast: Aligning national curriculum standards with state (high school) graduation requirements

    SciTech Connect

    Linder-Scholer, B.

    1994-12-31

    An overview of SCI/MATH/MN - Minnesota`s standards-based, systemic approach to the reform and improvement of the K-12 science and mathematics education delivery system - is offered as an illustration of the challenges of aligning state educational practices with the national curriculum standards, and as a model for business involvement in state educational policy issues that will enable fundamental, across-the-system reform. SCI/MATH/MN illustrates the major challenges involved in developing a statewide vision for math and science education reform, articulating frameworks aligned with the national standards, building capacity for system-oriented change at the local level, and involving business in systemic reform.

  11. Secondary calibration laboratory for ionizing radiation laboratory accreitation program National Institute of Standards and Technology National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program

    SciTech Connect

    Martin, P.R.

    1993-12-31

    This paper presents an overview of the procedures and requirements for accreditation under the Secondary Calibration Laboratory for Ionizing Radiation Program (SCLIR LAP). The requirements for a quality system, proficiency testing and the onsite assessment are discussed. The purpose of the accreditation program is to establish a network of secondary calibration laboratories that can provide calibrations traceable to the primary national standards.

  12. Reform and national standards: Implications for the undergraduate education and professional development of science and mathematics teachers

    SciTech Connect

    Kirwan, W.E.

    1994-12-31

    Clearly, scientists and teachers have much to offer to the national dialogue on standards and reform in science and mathematics education. In a nation with a highly decentralized K-12 school system and a multitude of independent teacher preparation programs, progress will have to be measured on school district at a time. This fact does not diminish the need for national educational standards, major curriculum projects, and other comprehensive reform efforts. Rather, it recognizes that unless educators at the local level embrace reform concepts, mold them into ideas they can own, have opportunities to share their experiences and learn from others, meaningful reform will not move from the pages of well-intended reports to the nation`s classrooms. This paper discusses the impact of science reform efforts to date, identifies some of the common elements in two reform efforts currently receiving a lot of attention, and offers comments on what new standards and reform might mean for the way universities prepare teachers in the future and offer in-service support for those already in the classroom.

  13. Report of multijunction thermal convertor interlaboratory comparison study for measurements at Sandia National Laboratory.

    SciTech Connect

    Klemme, Beverly J.

    2009-07-01

    Two Multijunction Thermal Voltage Converters (MJTCs) were provided to the Sandia National Laboratory Primary Standards Laboratory (Sandia PSL) as part of an interlaboratory comparison (ILC). This report summarizes the results of the measurements of the devices (S 127D1 and S 127C2) measured at Sandia PSL from March 4 to March 15, 2009. The SNL/NM portion of an interlaboratory comparison of multijunction thermal convertors was successfully completed with a demonstrated measurement uncertainty of 60ppm (k=2).

  14. EPA's national performance audit program for ambient air pollution measurements

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. C. Rhodes; B. I. Bennett; J. C. Puzak

    1982-01-01

    With the implementation of the nation's Clean Air Act, the EPA assumed some responsibilities for the quality of air pollution measurements made throughout the nation. EPA's quality assurance responsibilities were delegated internally to the Office of Research and Development, and in turn, specifically for air measurements to the Environmental Monitoring Systems Laboratory (EMSL) at Research Triangle Park (RTP), North Carolina.

  15. Measuring Up 2008: The National Report Card on Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, 2008

    2008-01-01

    Since 2000, the "Measuring Up" report cards have evaluated the progress of the nation and individual states in providing Americans with education and training beyond high school through the bachelor's degree. The purpose of the series is to assist the nation and the states in improving higher education opportunity and effectiveness. "Measuring Up"…

  16. Measurement of pH. Definition, Standards, and Procedures

    E-print Network

    Wilson, George S.; Buck, R. P.; Rondinini, S.; Covington, A. K.; Baucke, F. G. K.; Brett, C. M. A.; Camõ es, M. F.; Milton, M. J. T.; Mussini, T.; Naumann, R.; Pratt, K. W.; Spitzer, P.

    2002-01-01

    Pure Appl. Chem., Vol. 74, No. 11, pp. 2169–2200, 2002. © 2002 IUPAC 2169 INTERNATIONAL UNION OF PURE AND APPLIED CHEMISTRY MEASUREMENT OF pH. DEFINITION, STANDARDS, AND PROCEDURES (IUPAC Recommendations 2002) Working Party on pH R. P. BUCK... (CHAIRMAN)1, S. RONDININI (SECRETARY)2,‡, A. K. COVINGTON (EDITOR)3, F. G. K. BAUCKE4, C. M. A. BRETT5, M. F. CAMÕES6, M. J. T. MILTON7, T. MUSSINI8, R. NAUMANN9, K. W. PRATT10, P. SPITZER11, AND G. S. WILSON12 1101 Creekview Circle, Carrboro, NC 27510...

  17. Rotating pressure measurement system using an on board calibration standard

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Senyitko, Richard G.; Blumenthal, Philip Z.; Freedman, Robert J.

    1991-01-01

    A computer-controlled multichannel pressure measurement system was developed to acquire detailed flow field measurements on board the Large Low Speed Centrifugal Compressor Research Facility at the NASA Lewis Research Center. A pneumatic slip ring seal assembly is used to transfer calibration pressures to a reference standard transducer on board the compressor rotor in order to measure very low differential pressures with the high accuracy required. A unique data acquisition system was designed and built to convert the analog signal from the reference transducer to the variable frequency required by the multichannel pressure measurement system and also to provide an output for temperature control of the reference transducer. The system also monitors changes in test cell barometric pressure and rotating seal leakage and provides an on screen warning to the operator if limits are exceeded. The methods used for the selection and testing of the the reference transducer are discussed, and the data acquisition system hardware and software design are described. The calculated and experimental data for the system measurement accuracy are also presented.

  18. Acoustical renovation of temporary classrooms to meet American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standard

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lubman, David

    2005-09-01

    This exercise demonstrates that key requirements of the ANSI S12.60-2002 on classroom acoustics can be met through renovations at modest cost. Free-standing classrooms at two schools in Southern California were successfully renovated. Noise levels were greatly reduced, and now meet requirements of the ANSI standard. A 1950s style bungalow classroom at the Paradise Canyon School (PCS) in Los Angeles County and a double-trailer classroom at the Wildomar Elementary School (WES) in Riverside County were targeted. The aim was to make classrooms suitable for pupils with severe hearing disabilities. But the methods used apply equally to mainstream classrooms. At both schools the above-ceiling air distribution systems were modified to produce quiet airflow. At PCS, a noisy rooftop heat pump was replaced with a much quieter rooftop heat pump and installation. At WES, a noisy wall-mounted heat pump was replaced with a new unit mounted on an exterior concrete pad. At PCS, exterior noise intrusion was achieved by replacing a poorly performing accordion wall with a permanent wall. Further noise reduction can be achieved by replacing leaky windows. Exterior noise intrusion at WES was obtained by replacing leaky windows. The resulting acoustical improvements are documented. Costs and lessons learned are discussed.

  19. Optical fiber power measurement using different transfer standards

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Nan; Gan, Haiyong; Li, Jianwei; Zhang, Zhixin; Li, Jian

    2014-11-01

    A comparison of different transfer standard optical fiber power detectors is present. Traceable to cryogenic radiometer, these planar, focus-planar and trap detectors have different characteristics during the optical fiber power values transfer because of the different input angles or fiber connectors. For different types of fibers and fiber connectors, a new trap detector is capable for the optical fiber power measurement, which has very little sensitivity for a variety of input conditions. Comparison of fiber power measurement using a planar and a trap detector is present by employing a three-lens method. A good agreement between the two types of detectors shows the feasibility of fiber power transfer using planar detectors.

  20. Modeling the wet bulb globe temperature using standard meteorological measurements.

    SciTech Connect

    Liljegren, J. C.; Carhart, R. A.; Lawday, P.; Tschopp, S.; Sharp, R.; Decision and Information Sciences

    2008-10-01

    The U.S. Army has a need for continuous, accurate estimates of the wet bulb globe temperature to protect soldiers and civilian workers from heat-related injuries, including those involved in the storage and destruction of aging chemical munitions at depots across the United States. At these depots, workers must don protective clothing that increases their risk of heat-related injury. Because of the difficulty in making continuous, accurate measurements of wet bulb globe temperature outdoors, the authors have developed a model of the wet bulb globe temperature that relies only on standard meteorological data available at each storage depot for input. The model is composed of separate submodels of the natural wet bulb and globe temperatures that are based on fundamental principles of heat and mass transfer, has no site-dependent parameters, and achieves an accuracy of better than 1 C based on comparisons with wet bulb globe temperature measurements at all depots.

  1. Relating Standardized Visual Perception Measures to Simulator Visual System Performance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kaiser, Mary K.; Sweet, Barbara T.

    2013-01-01

    Human vision is quantified through the use of standardized clinical vision measurements. These measurements typically include visual acuity (near and far), contrast sensitivity, color vision, stereopsis (a.k.a. stereo acuity), and visual field periphery. Simulator visual system performance is specified in terms such as brightness, contrast, color depth, color gamut, gamma, resolution, and field-of-view. How do these simulator performance characteristics relate to the perceptual experience of the pilot in the simulator? In this paper, visual acuity and contrast sensitivity will be related to simulator visual system resolution, contrast, and dynamic range; similarly, color vision will be related to color depth/color gamut. Finally, we will consider how some characteristics of human vision not typically included in current clinical assessments could be used to better inform simulator requirements (e.g., relating dynamic characteristics of human vision to update rate and other temporal display characteristics).

  2. Rheo-small-angle neutron scattering at the National Institute of Standards and Technology Center for Neutron Research

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Porcar, L.; Pozzo, D.; Langenbucher, G.; Moyer, J.; Butler, P. D.

    2011-08-01

    We describe the design and operation of a modified commercial rheometer to simultaneously perform rheological measurements and structural studies by small angle neutron scattering (SANS). The apparatus uses a Couette geometry shear cell allowing two of the three scattering planes to be observed by performing experiments in either the radial or tangential geometries. The device enables small angle neutron scattering patterns to be obtained simultaneously with a wide variety of rheological measurements such as stress/strain flow curves, oscillatory deformations, and creep, recovery and relaxation tests, from -20 °C to 150 °C, for samples with viscosities varying by several orders of magnitude. We give a brief report of recent experiments performed on a dispersion of acicular nanoparticles and biopolymer network under stress demonstrating the utility of such measurements. This device has been developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology's Center for Neutron Research (NCNR) and made available to the complex fluids community as part of the standard sample environment equipment.

  3. 1995 Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs): Radionuclides. Annual report

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1996-06-01

    Under Section 61.94 of 40 CFR 61, Subpart H (National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other Than Radon From Department of Energy Facilities), each DOE facility must submit an annual report documenting compliance. This report addresses the Section 61.94 reporting requirements for operations at INEL for CY 1995. For that year, airborne radionuclide emissions from INEL operations were calculated to result in a maximum individual dose to a member of the public of 1.80E-02 mrem (1.80E-07 Sievert), well below the 40 CFR 61, Subpart H, regulatory standard of 10 mrem per year (1.0E-04 Sievert per year).

  4. Standards Development for the U.S. National Geologic Map Database

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Soller, D. R.; Berg, T. M.; Stamm, N. R.

    2005-12-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey and the Nation's state geological surveys (under authority of the Association of American State Geologists) are mandated by Congress to provide a National Geologic Map Database (NGMDB) of standardized geoscience information that can be used to address societal issues and improve our base of scientific knowledge. Over the past decade, the NGMDB project has addressed its mandate by providing: 1) basic information and services that enable users to find available geoscience information; 2) a venue for development of community-based standards that are promoting broader public use of geoscience map information and more effective interoperability among the Nation's geological surveys; and 3) a research and development environment in which we are building a distributed database system to archive and serve the Nation's geologic map information. The NGMDB is addressing its mission in an incremental fashion, by building "support" databases and standards, and by working toward the long-term goal of the distributed system. Products currently available to serve the geoscience community and the general public are: the U.S. Geologic Names Lexicon ("GEOLEX"), which is a standard reference for the Nation's stratigraphic nomenclature; the Geoscience Map Catalog and Image Library, which helps people find and view 70,000 published geoscience maps and related products; and various standards, which are the subject of this paper. In cooperation with other U.S. and Canadian agencies, and with the IUGS Commission for the Management and Application of Geoscience Information ("CGI"), the NGMDB project is defining standards that include: a science terminology; a conceptual data model; a physical implementation of the data model in ArcGIS; a FGDC-endorsed standard for map symbols and patterns and for descriptions of locational accuracy of geologic features in the field; and a GML-based exchange standard to promote interoperability among data providers to the NGMDB. These standards form the basis for the design of our online map database. Because it will be a distributed system managed among more than 50 agencies (each with different personnel skills, organizational culture, hardware and software platforms, funding constraints, and public and private user needs), the standards must accommodate these differences and yet enable the NGMDB database to function as if it were a single entity. The standards are now being tested in the NGMDB prototype database; this testing is aided by our new data-entry tool and ArcGIS implementation, which will allow our project partners to evaluate the database structure and science terminology and to make recommendations for improvement. Information and links to NGMDB databases and standards are available at http://ngmdb.usgs.gov/Info/.

  5. A national traceability system for chemical measurements

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wolfgang Richter; Bernd Güttler

    2003-01-01

    Current developments in Germany for establishing a traceability system for chemical measurements are reported. The focus is on a dissemination mechanism which employs chemical calibration laboratories accredited within the framework of the German Calibration Service (DKD) and acting as \\

  6. Coordinate measuring machine test standard apparatus and method

    SciTech Connect

    Bieg, Lothar F. (Louisville, CO)

    1994-08-30

    A coordinate measuring machine test standard apparatus and method which iudes a rotary spindle having an upper phase plate and an axis of rotation, a kinematic ball mount attached to the phase plate concentric with the axis of rotation of the phase plate, a groove mounted at the circumference of the phase plate, and an arm assembly which rests in the groove. The arm assembly has a small sphere at one end and a large sphere at the other end. The small sphere may be a coordinate measuring machine probe tip and may have variable diameters. The large sphere is secured in the kinematic ball mount and the arm is held in the groove. The kinematic ball mount includes at least three mounting spheres and the groove is an angular locating groove including at least two locking spheres. The arm may have a hollow inner core and an outer layer. The rotary spindle may be a ratio reducer. The device is used to evaluate the measuring performance of a coordinate measuring machine for periodic recertification, including 2 and 3 dimensional accuracy, squareness, straightness, and angular accuracy.

  7. Sound power measurement standards at laboratory and field environments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Taibo, Lucia; Riganti, Jorge; Dittmar, Waldemar

    2002-11-01

    Sound power level measurements, SWLs, of equipment and machinery through direct or comparison methods at laboratory or field conditions, are of increasing importance in terms of regulations and industrial competitiveness. SWLs constitute the input data when modeling the real world, in complex industrial premises for example, as a means for diagnosis and SPL predictions. SWLs have a major technical and economical impact, trying to keep the measurement uncertainties as low as possible, while balancing the testing complexity, time consumption, and costs. In the present work, a description about the calibration of a Reference Sound Source, RSS, B&K 4204 [ISO 6926] is made. The testing survey of normal equipment emitting steady noise and the RSS at different acoustical environments, that range from an hemi-anechoic room to a typical industrial facility is also described. Some measuring methods such as ISO 3745, ISO 3744, ISO 9614-2 are compared for the different sources and environments, yielding some discrepancies between standards as is extensively referred to in literature. A proposal based on a new multiple height microphone array is encouraged at laboratory conditions. Regarding field tests, sound intensity measurements by scanning is extensively adopted for practical reasons, with acceptable results according to our experience.

  8. Using Mathematics Curriculum Based Measurement as an Indicator of Student Performance on State Standards

    E-print Network

    Hall, Linda D.

    2010-07-14

    that reported to be aligned to national curriculum standards in order to predict student performance on state standards-based mathematics curriculum, identify students at-risk of failure, and plan instruction. Evidence was gathered on the System to Enhance...

  9. The National Bureau of Standards Atomic Time Scales: Generation, Dissemination, Stability, and Accuracy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David W. Allan; James E. Gray; H. E. Machlan

    1972-01-01

    The independent atomic time scale at the National Bureau of Standards AT(NBS), is based upon an ensemble of continuously operating cesium clocks calibrated occasionally by an NBS primary frequency standard. The data of frequency calibrations and interclock comparisons are statistically processed to provide nearly optimum time stability and frequency accuracy. The long-term random fluctuation of AT(NBS) due to nondeterministic perturbations

  10. 1996 Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) -- Radionuclides. Annual report

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1997-06-01

    Under Section 61.94 of Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 61, Subpart H, ``National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other Than Radon From Department of Energy Facilities,`` each Department of Energy (DOE) facility must submit an annual report documenting compliance. This report addresses the Section 61.94 reporting requirements for operations at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for calendar year (CY) 1996. The Idaho Operations Office of the DOE is the primary contact concerning compliance with the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) at the INEEL. For calendar year 1996, airborne radionuclide emissions from the INEEL operations were calculated to result in a maximum individual dose to a member of the public of 3.14E-02 mrem (3.14E-07 Sievert). This effective dose equivalent (EDE) is well below the 40 CFR 61, Subpart H, regulatory standard of 10 mrem per year (1.0E-04 Sievert per year).

  11. 48 CFR 9904.412 - Cost accounting standard for composition and measurement of pension cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 2012-10-01 true Cost accounting standard for composition and measurement...Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL...BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS COST ACCOUNTING...

  12. 48 CFR 9904.412 - Cost accounting standard for composition and measurement of pension cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cost accounting standard for composition and measurement...Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL...BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS COST ACCOUNTING...

  13. 48 CFR 9904.412 - Cost accounting standard for composition and measurement of pension cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Cost accounting standard for composition and measurement...Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL...BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS COST ACCOUNTING...

  14. 48 CFR 9904.412 - Cost accounting standard for composition and measurement of pension cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost accounting standard for composition and measurement...Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL...BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS COST ACCOUNTING...

  15. An ISO standard for measuring low light performance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wueller, Dietmar

    2015-02-01

    To measure the low light performance of today's cameras has become a challenge [1]. The increasing quality for noise reduction algorithms and other steps of the image pipe make it necessary to investigate the balance of image quality aspects. The first step to define a measurement procedure is to capture images under low light conditions using a huge variety of cameras and review the images as well as the metadata of these images. Image quality parameters that are known to be affected by low light levels are noise, resolution, texture reproduction, color fidelity, and exposure. For each of the parameters thresholds below which the images get unacceptable need to be defined. Although this may later on require a real psychophysical study to increase the precision of the thresholds the current project tries to find out whether each parameter can be viewed as an independent one or if multiple parameters need to be grouped to differentiate acceptable images from unacceptable ones. Another important aspect is the definition of camera settings. For example the longest acceptable exposure time and how this is affected by image stabilization. Cameras on a tripod may produce excellent images with multi second exposures. After this ongoing analysis the question is how the light level gets reported? All these aspects are currently collected and will be incorporated into the upcoming ISO 19093 Standard that defines the measurement procedure for the low light performance of cameras.

  16. Volume 106, Number 3, MayJune 2001 Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    Bernstein, Daniel

    , Lawrence Bassham, William Burr, Morris Dworkin, James Foti, and Edward Roback National Institute, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) initiated a pro- cess to select a symmetricVolume 106, Number 3, May­June 2001 Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards

  17. THE COMPLEX INTERACTION BETWEEN MEASUREMENT AND NATIONAL EMPLOYMENT POLICY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary L. Tenopyr

    1996-01-01

    The long history of measurement in psychology was dramatically changed in the early 1960s when the role of measurement as a gate keeper to the rewards of American society achieved national attention. Since that time in the employment context, the U.S. Congress, state and city legislatures, and the courts have had strong roles in determining the future course of measurement.

  18. Summary of national standards and guidelines for pesticides in water, bed sediment, and aquatic organisms and their application to water-quality assessments

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Nowell, Lisa H.; Resek, Elizabeth A.

    1994-01-01

    Current (1993) national standards and guidelines pertaining to pesticide contaminants in water, bed sediment, and fish and shellfish tissues are summarized to provide a condensed reference source for definitions and current values applicable to pesticides in aquatic environmental media. This report facilitates comparison of measured concen- trations of pesticides in environmental samples with applicable standards and guidelines. For each standard or guideline, the following is provided: (1) Definition, including the underlying assumptions and mathematical derivation; (2) originating agency; (3) statutory authority; (4) regulatory status and, for standards, the agency responsible for enforcing the standard; (5) applicable sampling medium; (6) beneficial use and resource protected, and (7) full citations of published documentation. The report emphasizes the appropriate application on national standards and guidelines to water-quality data on pesticides to aid in assessing potential adverse effects on human health, aquatic organisms, and wildlife. (USGS)

  19. Debating the Future of American Education: Do We Need National Standards and Assessments?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ravitch, Diane, Ed.

    On May 18, 1994, a groups of scholars, policymakers, educators, and interested observers met at the Brookings Institution in Washington, D.C., to analyze a relatively new phenomenon in American education--national standards and assessments. The discussion took place a few weeks after Congress enacted Goals 2000: Educate America Act, the Clinton…

  20. GAAP 2001—Benchmarking national accounting standards against IAS: summary of results

    Microsoft Academic Search

    2002-01-01

    This paper provides an overview of GAAP 2001 and discusses the implications of the publication’s findings in regard to convergence of national standards and IAS. Two years of GAAP comparison studies conducted by the global accounting firms indicate that, while progress has been made in many countries, much work remains to be done. The global accounting firms argue that convergence

  1. Jules Verne's "Around the World in Eighty Days": Helping Teach the National Geography Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donaldson, Daniel P.; Kuhlke, Olaf

    2009-01-01

    Consistent with developments in American education pedagogy, geography educators have made great strides exploring a wide range of high- and low-tech methods for teaching and learning geographic concepts. This article draws on a qualitative analysis of essays in which college students discuss tenets of the National Geography Standards in the…

  2. "GFL2"! The Updated "Geography for Life: National Geography Standards, Second Edition"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heffron, Susan Gallagher

    2012-01-01

    "Geography for Life: National Geography Standards, Second Edition" ("GFL2") is the recently released update of the original edition published in 1994. The original edition of "Geography for Life" provided excellent guidance on geographic content for teachers, curriculum designers, publishers, and pre-service teachers as well as many other…

  3. States Must Reject National Education Standards while There Is Still Time. Backgrounder, No. 2680

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Lindsey M.

    2012-01-01

    For four and a half decades, the federal role in education has been growing. Costly in terms of taxpayer dollars spent and local control of education lost, this expanding federal control has failed to improve outcomes for America's children. National standards will further expand Washington's role--and will remove parents from decisions about the…

  4. National Evaluation Standards for Australia and New Zealand: Many Questions but Few Answers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fraser, Doug

    2004-01-01

    Australia and New Zealand stand out as something of an anomaly in the international trend toward developing common standards for evaluation. The national professional association that covers evaluation in both countries, the Australasian Evaluation Society (AES), was one of the earliest and most proactive in developing a comprehensive code of…

  5. 78 FR 53729 - National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board Membership

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-30

    ...2012. DATES: The changes to the NIST PRB membership list announced in this notice are effective on August 30, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Didi Hanlein at the National Institute of Standards and Technology, (301) 975-3000 or by email...

  6. National Apprenticeship and Training Standards for the Graphic Arts International Union.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graphic Arts International Union, Washington, DC.

    Set forth in the booklet are the national apprenticeship and training standards for the training of lithographers, photoengravers, gravure workers, bookbinders, and finishers as developed and recommended by the Graphic Arts International Union in cooperation with the Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training, U.S. Department of Labor. The objective of…

  7. 71 FR 76553 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants From the Portland Cement Manufacturing...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2006-12-20

    ...for mercury and for total hydrocarbons (THC) which are part of the National Emission...Reconsideration of New Source Standard for THC As part of the final amendments, EPA also...percent oxygen) or 98 percent reduction in THC emissions from uncontrolled levels....

  8. The Changing Face of Biology 101 with Regard to the Nation's Science Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beeth, Michael E.; Adadan, Emine; Firat, Gul; Kutay, Huban

    This study examines how the Biology 101 curriculum at The Ohio State University, a non-major's course, was changing with regard to recommendations expressed in the National Science Education Standards (NSES) and Benchmarks for Science Literacy. The Bio 101 course was observed to compare the content topics identified in the syllabus with topics…

  9. The National Standards and Medieval Music in Middle School Choral and General Music.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawkins, Patrick; Beegle, Amy

    2003-01-01

    Discusses how medieval music can be utilized in the choral and general music classroom to teach middle school students and to address the National Standards for Music Education. Provides background information on medieval music, ideas for lessons, and a glossary of key terms. (CMK)

  10. Adequacy of evolving national standardized terminologies for interdisciplinary coded concepts in an automated clinical pathway

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patricia C. Dykes; Leanne M. Currie; James J. Cimino

    2003-01-01

    Purpose. The purpose of this analysis was to determine the adequacy of evolving national standardized terminologies with regard to coded data elements (concepts) in an automated clinical pathway designed to drive adherence with the American College of Cardiology (ACC)\\/American Heart Association (AHA) Guidelines for Evaluation and Management of Chronic Heart Failure.Method. Concepts were identified in a previously developed automated clinical

  11. EXAMINING PHYTOSTEROLS IN NUTS AND SEEDS FOR THE USDA NATIONAL NUTRIENT DATABASE FOR STANDARD REFERENCE

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Objective: The current release of the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference (SR) includes total phytosterols for 30 of the 128 nut and seed items. Twenty-two of those have values for individual sterols – Beta-sitosterol, stigmasterol, and campesterol. The current literature was st...

  12. 71 FR 2620 - National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Particulate Matter

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2006-01-17

    ...4\\ The EPA has posted on its Web site (http://www.epa...not a national standard. To avoid this semantic problem, the Administrator has sought...Because this proposal would make only a semantic change to existing Appendix N, EPA...

  13. Articulation of the National Health Education Standards to Support Learning and Healthy Behaviors among Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tappe, Marlene K.; Wilbur, Katherine M.; Telljohann, Susan K.; Jensen, Marilyn J.

    2009-01-01

    The original and revised National Health Education Standards (NHES) and performance indicators provide the foundation for curriculum, instruction and assessment in health education. The article clarifies the revised NHES and performance indicators for classroom teachers, health education teachers, curriculum directors, state department of…

  14. Big is beautiful: the case for Federal leadership on a national renewable portfolio standard

    SciTech Connect

    Sovacool, Benjamin K.; Cooper, Christopher

    2007-05-15

    State-based renewable portfolio standards (RPS) create regulatory uncertainty for investors and inherent inequities among ratepayers. Ultimately, federal legislation can help create a more just, diverse and predictable national market for renewable resources without significantly increasing aggregate electricity prices. (author)

  15. A national renewable portfolio standard: politically correct or Just plain correct?

    SciTech Connect

    Cooper, Christopher

    2008-06-15

    It's easy to castigate state renewable portfolio standard policies as woefully inadequate. State-based RPS policies create regulatory uncertainty for investors and inherent inequities between ratepayers. But they aren't going anywhere any time soon. That's why federal intervention can help create a more just, diverse, and predictable national market for renewable resources without significantly increasing aggregate electricity prices. (author)

  16. Some services of the Time and Frequency Division of the National Bureau of Standards

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. A. Barnes

    1973-01-01

    The Time and Frequency Division of the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) provides several services to the general public. The radio broadcasts of WWV, WWVH, and WWVB supply reliable, unambiguous time signals to many users. The NBS telephone time-of-day service attracts several hundreds of thousands of calls each year. Periodically, the NBS provides courses on specific topics relating to time

  17. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop Agenda

    E-print Network

    National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop Agenda U: Director, NIST, Dr. Patrick Gallagher Overview of NIST mission and role in the context of Cloud Computing 9 government with respect to Cloud Computing 10:00 Break (main lobby) 10:20 Industry Panel: co-chairs William

  18. Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop III Agenda National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop III Agenda National Institute of Standards and Technology 100 of IT and Telecommunications Industries, World Economic Forum USA 9:30 ­ 10:20 Cloud Computing: Adopters' Long-term View, Panel Computing Program & Forum (10 min Q&A) Dawn Leaf, NIST Senior Executive for Cloud Computing 10:50 ­ 11

  19. 76 FR 78872 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Wool Fiberglass Manufacturing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-20

    The EPA published in the Federal Register on November 25, 2011, the proposed rules, ``National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Mineral Wool Production and Wool Fiberglass Manufacturing.'' The EPA was asked to hold a public hearing only on the wool fiberglass rule. Therefore, EPA is making two announcements: first, a public hearing for the proposed Wool Fiberglass Manufacturing......

  20. 77 FR 3223 - National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Mineral Wool Production and Wool...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-23

    The EPA published in the Federal Register on November 25, 2011, the proposed rules, ``National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Mineral Wool Production and Wool Fiberglass Manufacturing.'' The EPA was asked to hold a public hearing only on the wool fiberglass manufacturing proposed rule, and on December 20, 2011, published a notice announcing the hearing and extending the comment......

  1. Introducing Creativity in the Ensemble Setting: National Standards Meet Comprehensive Musicianship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norris, Charles E.

    2010-01-01

    This article explores realistic ways with which ensemble conductors can facilitate the conceptual acquisition of their students via creative activities. Creativity, as included in the National Standards, is presented through the "eyes" of comprehensive musicianship. (Contains 2 figures, 2 tables, and 9 notes.)

  2. 78 FR 46589 - Solicitation of Written Comments on the Draft Report of the National Adult Immunization Standards...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-01

    ...Comments on the Draft Report of the National Adult Immunization Standards of Practice for Consideration...has charged the NVAC with examining the current adult immunization environment by updating adult immunization standards of practice with the...

  3. National Imagery Transmission Format (NITF) standard: a government/industry model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Whitson, Kennith D.

    1996-01-01

    The National Imagery Transmission Format Standard (NITFS) is the collaborative result of a U. S. Government and industry effort to provide a common facility for exchanging imagery and image-associated data among a wide range of legacy, migration, and future intelligence systems. The purpose of the NITFS is to provide a common standard for the transmission of files composed of images, symbols, labels, text, and other information that relate to imagery. NITFS had its genesis in the early 1980s as a vehicle to meet the challenges imposed by a changing military/intelligence paradigm. Early successes spurred increased interest in the standard's evolution. Non-DoD program offices and commercial vendors began to develop NITFS compliant systems and products. The National Imagery Transmission Format (NITF) component of the NITFS was selected as the basis for a North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Standard Agreement (STANAG) for secondary imagery dissemination. Similarly, the International Standards Organization (ISO) recently accepted a new work item, using the NITF as a point of departure, called the Basic Image Interchange Format (BIIF). Products based on this new standard are expected to be NITF compatible while at the same time providing for increased functionality.

  4. 78 FR 2347 - National Standards for Traffic Control Devices; the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-11

    ...OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Highway Administration 23 CFR Part 655 [FHWA Docket No. FHWA-2012-0118] National Standards for...incorporated by reference within Federal regulations at 23 CFR part 655, approved by the FHWA, and recognized as the national...

  5. Measuring Hospice Care: The National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization National Hospice Data Set

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen R. Connor; Martha Tecca; Joan Teno

    Hospice has seen rapid growth in recent years, but there is a lack of consistency among hospices when it comes to compliance with standards of care. Consequently, hospices vary in performance and in services they provide. With state hospice organizations, the NHPCO developed a National Data Set (NDS) intended to understand demographics, practices, and outcomes; illustrate industry effectiveness; facilitate communication

  6. Measuring hospice care: the National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization National Hospice Data Set

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen R. Connor; Martha Tecca; Judi LundPerson; Joan Teno

    2004-01-01

    Hospice has seen rapid growth in recent years, but there is a lack of consistency among hospices when it comes to compliance with standards of care. Consequently, hospices vary in performance and in services they provide. With state hospice organizations, the NHPCO developed a National Data Set (NDS) intended to understand demographics, practices, and outcomes; illustrate industry effectiveness; facilitate communication

  7. National and international drawing standards: moving toward better alignment with Y14. 5

    SciTech Connect

    Nicovich, P.A.

    1980-01-01

    The task of revising the national standard on Dimensioning and Tolerancing, begun seven years ago, required close coordination between the Y14.5 Subcommittee and the US expert members who participated in related activities of the International Organization for Standardization. The revised drawing standard about to be issued reflects additional international alignments in areas of metrication, symbology, and conventions. Differences remain in the prescribed symbol for indicating a datum feature and in a Principle of Independency, the latter unacceptably absolving size limits from controlling the geometric form of an individual feature. More US member experts will be needed on the Y14.5 Subcommittee to uphold US viewpoints in the writing of international drawing standards of a pragmatic kind.

  8. Dying in two acute hospitals: would usual care meet Australian national clinical standards?

    PubMed

    Clark, Katherine; Byfieldt, Naomi; Green, Malcolm; Saul, Peter; Lack, Jill; Philips, Jane L

    2014-05-01

    The Australian Commission for Quality and Safety in Health Care (ACQSHC) has articulated 10 clinical standards with the aim of improving the consistency of quality healthcare delivery. Currently, the majority of Australians die in acute hospitals. But despite this, no agreed standard of care exists to define the minimum standard of care that people should accept in the final hours to days of life. As a result, there is limited capacity to conduct audits that focus on the gap between current care and recommended care. There is, however, accumulating evidence in the end of life literature to define which aspects of care are likely to be considered most important to those people facing imminent death. These themes offer standards against which to conduct audits. This is very apt given the national recommendation that healthcare should be delivered in the context of considering people's wishes while always treating people with dignity and respect. PMID:24589365

  9. National Science Education Standards as a Catalyst for Change: The Essential Role of Professional Development

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Rodger W. Bybee

    2001-01-01

    Standards have become a part of the educational landscape. In this chapter, we survey the origins of national standards; reflect on their power, in particular those in science education; and examine the role professional development must play if standards are to realize their potential to truly transform education. The link between standards and professional development is essential: Knowing where one needs to go is only the first step. Building the capacity for continuous learning for all students--a capacity needed to take us well into the 21st century--must follow. This free selection also includes a Foreword, Preface, an About the Editors page, the Table of Contents, and an Introduction section.

  10. A Survey of Pennsylvania School Principals' Perceptions of the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards Certification Process and the Leadership Roles of National Board Certified Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balbach, Amy Beth Mackie

    2012-01-01

    Throughout the 1980's, the notion of standards came to the forefront throughout the education world. Groups questioned how to define quality teaching. The National Board for Professional Teaching Standards was developed to meet this need providing a voluntary national certification to identify accomplished teachers. Since its inception,…

  11. Measurement Error Studies at the National Center for Education Statistics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salvucci, Sameena; Walter, Elizabeth; Conley, Valerie; Fink, Steven; Saba, Mehrdad

    This report provides an overview of a selection of measurement error studies conducted on National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) surveys. Its intent is not to offer new analyses of program data, but to summarize information from internal memoranda, working papers, and adjudicated reports about errors of measurement that occur during five…

  12. 1997 Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) -- Radionuclides annual report

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1998-06-01

    Under Section 61.94 of Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 61, Subpart H, National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other Than Radon From Department of Energy Facilities, each Department of Energy (DOE) facility must submit an annual report documenting compliance. This report addresses the Section 61.94 reporting requirements for operations at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for calendar year (CY) 1997. Section 1 of this report provides an overview of the INEEL facilities and a brief description of the radioactive materials and processes at the facilities. Section 2 identifies radioactive air effluent release points and diffuse sources at the INEEL and actual releases during 1997. Section 2 also describes the effluent control systems for each potential release point. Section 3 provides the methodology and EDE calculations for 1997 INEEL radioactive emissions.

  13. Defining indicators and standards for tourism impacts in protected areas: Cape Range National Park, Australia.

    PubMed

    Moore, Susan A; Polley, Amanda

    2007-03-01

    Visitors' perceptions of impacts and acceptable standards for environmental conditions can provide essential information for the sustainable management of tourist destinations, especially protected areas. To this end, visitor surveys were administered during the peak visitor season in Cape Range National Park, on the northwest coast of Western Australia and adjacent to the iconic Ningaloo Reef. The central focus was visitors' perceptions regarding environmental conditions and standards for potential indicators. Conditions considered of greatest importance in determining visitors' quality of experience included litter, inadequate disposal of human waste, presence of wildlife, levels of noise, and access to beach and ocean. Standards were determined, based on visitors' perceptions, for a range of site-specific and non-site-specific indicators, with standards for facilities (e.g., acceptable number of parking bays, signs) and for negative environmental impacts (e.g., levels of littering, erosion) sought. The proposed standards varied significantly between sites for the facilities indicators; however, there was no significant difference between sites for environmental impacts. For the facilities, the standards proposed by visitors were closely related to the existing situation, suggesting that they were satisfied with the status quo. These results are considered in the context of current research interest in the efficacy of visitor-derived standards as a basis for protected area management. PMID:17203342

  14. National Conference on Weights and Measures (70th), 1985

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tholen, A. D.; Barbrow, L. E.; Heffernan, A. P.

    1985-11-01

    The proceedings of the 70th Annual Meeting of the National Conference on Weights and Measures are given. Reports by the several standing and annual committees of the Conference comprise the major portion of the publication. Included also are papers presented by Conference officials and others. Major issues discussed at the Conference included a new Scales Code to be effective January 1, 1986, method of sale of commodities, labeling of gasoline-alcohol blends, national type evaluation, and development of training materials.

  15. National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants - Radionuclide Emissions Calendar Year 2012

    SciTech Connect

    Warren, R.

    2013-06-10

    The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Field Office (NNSA/NFO) operates the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) and North Las Vegas Facility (NLVF). From 1951 through 1992, the NNSS was the continental testing location for U.S. nuclear weapons. The release of radionuclides from NNSS activities has been monitored since the initiation of atmospheric testing. Limitation to underground detonations after 1962 greatly reduced radiation exposure to the public surrounding the NNSS. After nuclear testing ended in 1992, NNSS radiation monitoring focused on detecting airborne radionuclides from historically contaminated soils. These radionuclides are derived from re-suspension of soil (primarily by wind) and emission of tritium-contaminated soil moisture through evapotranspiration. Low amounts of legacy-related tritium are also emitted to air at the NLVF, an NNSS support complex in North Las Vegas. To protect the public from harmful levels of man-made radiation, the Clean Air Act, National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) (Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations [CFR] Part 61 Subpart H) (CFR 2010a) limits the release of radioactivity from a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) facility to that which would cause 10 millirem per year (mrem/yr) effective dose equivalent to any member of the public. This limit does not include radiation unrelated to NNSS activities. Unrelated doses could come from naturally occurring radioactive elements, from sources such as medically or commercially used radionuclides, or from sources outside of the United States, such as the damaged Fukushima nuclear power plant in Japan in 2011. NNSA/NFO demonstrates compliance with the NESHAP limit by using environmental measurements of radionuclide air concentrations at critical receptor locations on the NNSS (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency [EPA] and DOE 1995). This method was approved by the EPA for use on the NNSS in 2001 (EPA 2001a) and has been the sole method used since 2005. Six locations on the NNSS have been established to act as critical receptor locations to demonstrate compliance with the NESHAP limit. These locations are actually pseudo-critical receptor stations, because no member of the public actually resides at these onsite locations. Compliance is demonstrated if the measured annual average concentration is less than the NESHAP Concentration Levels (CLs) for Environmental Compliance listed in 40 CFR 61, Appendix E, Table 2 (CFR 2010a). For multiple radionuclides, compliance is demonstrated when the sum of the fractions (determined by dividing each radionuclide’s concentration by its CL and then adding the fractions together) is less than 1.0. In 2012, the potential dose from radiological emissions to air, resulting from both current and past NNSS activities, was well below the 10 mrem/yr dose limit. Air sampling data collected at all air monitoring stations had average concentrations of radioactivity that were a fraction of the CL values. Concentrations ranged from less than 0.5% to a maximum of 11.1% of the allowed NESHAP limit. Because the nearest member of the public resides about 9 kilometers from potential release points on the NNSS, dose to the public would be only a small fraction of the value measured on the NNSS. The potential dose to the public from NLVF emissions was also very low at 0.000024 mrem/yr, more than 400,000 times lower than the 10 mrem/yr limit.

  16. National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants - Radionuclide Emissions Calendar Year 2013

    SciTech Connect

    Warren, R.

    2014-06-04

    The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Field Office (NNSA/NFO) operates the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) and North Las Vegas Facility (NLVF). From 1951 through 1992, the NNSS was the continental testing location for U.S. nuclear weapons. The release of radionuclides from NNSS activities has been monitored since the initiation of atmospheric testing. Limitations to underground detonations after 1962 greatly reduced radiation exposure to the public surrounding the NNSS. After nuclear testing ended in 1992, NNSS radiation monitoring focused on detecting airborne radionuclides from historically contaminated soils. These radionuclides are derived from re-suspension of soil (primarily by wind) and emission of tritium-contaminated soil moisture through evapotranspiration. Low amounts of legacy-related tritium are also emitted to air at the NLVF, an NNSS support complex in North Las Vegas. To protect the public from harmful levels of man-made radiation, the Clean Air Act, National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) (Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations [CFR] Part 61 Subpart H) (CFR 2010a) limits the release of radioactivity from a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) facility to that which would cause 10 millirem per year (mrem/yr) effective dose equivalent to any member of the public. This limit does not include radiation unrelated to NNSS activities. Unrelated doses could come from naturally occurring radioactive elements, from sources such as medically or commercially used radionuclides, or from sources outside of the United States, such as the damaged Fukushima nuclear power plant in Japan in 2011. NNSA/NFO demonstrates compliance with the NESHAP limit by using environmental measurements of radionuclide air concentrations at critical receptor locations on the NNSS (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency [EPA] and DOE 1995). This method was approved by the EPA for use on the NNSS in 2001 (EPA 2001a) and has been the sole method used since 2005. Six locations on the NNSS have been established to act as critical receptor locations to demonstrate compliance with the NESHAP limit. These locations are actually pseudo-critical receptor stations, because no member of the public actually resides at these onsite locations. Compliance is demonstrated if the measured annual average concentration is less than the NESHAP Concentration Levels (CLs) for Environmental Compliance listed in 40 CFR 61, Appendix E, Table 2 (CFR 2010a). For multiple radionuclides, compliance is demonstrated when the sum of the fractions (determined by dividing each radionuclide’s concentration by its CL and then adding the fractions together) is less than 1.0. In 2013, the potential dose from radiological emissions to air, resulting from both current and past NNSS activities, was well below the 10 mrem/yr dose limit. Air sampling data collected at all air monitoring stations had average concentrations of radioactivity that were a fraction of the CL values. Concentrations ranged from 0.2% to a maximum of 10.1% of the allowed NESHAP limit. Because the nearest member of the public resides about 9 kilometers from potential release points on the NNSS, dose to the public would be only a small fraction of the value measured on the NNSS. The potential dose to the public from NLVF emissions was also very low at 0.000011 mrem/yr, more than 900,000 times lower than the 10 mrem/yr limit.

  17. Implementing an integrated standards-based management system to ensure compliance at Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. Hjeresen; S. Roybal; P. Bertino; C. Gherman; B. Hosteny

    1995-01-01

    Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL or the Laboratory) is developing and implementing a comprehensive, Integrated Standards-Based Management System (ISBMS) to enhance environmental, safety, and health (ESH) compliance efforts and streamline management of ESH throughout the Laboratory. The Laboratory recognizes that to be competitive in today`s business environment and attractive to potential Partnerships, Laboratory operations must be efficient and cost-effective. The

  18. Defining Indicators and Standards for Tourism Impacts in Protected Areas: Cape Range National Park, Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan A. Moore; Amanda Polley

    2007-01-01

    Visitors’ perceptions of impacts and acceptable standards for environmental conditions can provide essential information for\\u000a the sustainable management of tourist destinations, especially protected areas. To this end, visitor surveys were administered\\u000a during the peak visitor season in Cape Range National Park, on the northwest coast of Western Australia and adjacent to the\\u000a iconic Ningaloo Reef. The central focus was visitors’

  19. Adopting Standards and Measuring Accountability in Public Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    RRFC Links Newsletter, 1997

    1997-01-01

    This newsletter includes six articles related to the Regional Resource and Federal Centers for Special Education Network and its efforts in the area of standards and accountability. In "Teacher Training and Skills: Necessary Ingredients for Standards and Accountability," John Copenhaver discusses ways in which the Regional Resource and Federal…

  20. Why National Standards Won't Fix American Education: Misalignment of Power and Incentives. Backgrounder. No. 2413

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Lindsey M.; Marshall, Jennifer A.

    2010-01-01

    American education needs to be fixed, but national standards and testing are not the way to do it. The problems that need fixing are too deeply ingrained in the power and incentive structure of the public education system, and the renewed focus on national standards threatens to distract from the fundamental issues. Besides, federal control over…

  1. Examination of the 1970 National Bureau of Standards Underground Corrosion Test Welded Stainless STeel Coupons from Site D

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. R. Zirker; M. K. Adler Flitton; T. S. Yoder; T. L. Trowbridge

    2008-01-01

    A 1970 study initiated by the National Bureau of Standards (NBS), now known as the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), buried over 6000 corrosion coupons or specimens of stainless steel Types 201, 202, 301, 304, 316, 409, 410, 430, and 434. The coupons were configured as sheet metal plates, coated plates, cross-welded plates, U-bend samples, sandwiched materials, and

  2. Teacher Perception of the Alignment of Enhancing Missouri's Instructional Networked Teaching Strategies (eMINTS) with the National Staff Development Council (NSDC) Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanfill, Diana L.

    2010-01-01

    This study used the National Staff Development Council (NSDC) standards for staff development as a framework for measuring specific aspects of the enhancing Missouri's Instructional Networked Teaching Strategies (eMINTS) educational technology professional development program, as perceived by eMINTS teachers. The Technology Integration Cycle…

  3. Regional cancer centre demonstrates voluntary conformity with the national Radiation Oncology Practice Standards

    PubMed Central

    Manley, Stephen; Last, Andrew; Fu, Kenneth; Greenham, Stuart; Kovendy, Andrew; Shakespeare, Thomas P

    2015-01-01

    Radiation Oncology Practice Standards have been developed over the last 10 years and were published for use in Australia in 2011. Although the majority of the radiation oncology community supports the implementation of the standards, there has been no mechanism for uniform assessment or governance. North Coast Cancer Institute's public radiation oncology service is provided across three main service centres on the north coast of NSW. With a strong focus on quality management, we embraced the opportunity to demonstrate conformity with the Radiation Oncology Practice Standards. The Local Health District's Clinical Governance units were engaged to perform assessments of our conformity with the standards and this was signed off as complete on 16 December 2013. The process of demonstrating conformity with the Radiation Oncology Practice Standards has enhanced the culture of quality in our centres. We have demonstrated that self-assessment utilising trained auditors is a viable method for centres to demonstrate conformity. National implementation of the Radiation Oncology Practice Standards will benefit individual centres and the broader radiation oncology community to improve the service delivered to our patients.

  4. New Measurements of G Using the Measurement Standards Laboratory Torsion Balance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Armstrong, T. R.; Fitzgerald, M. P.

    2003-11-01

    This Letter presents the results of a series of measurements of the Newtonian gravitational constant G using the compensated torsion balance developed at the Measurement Standards Laboratory. Since our last published result using the torsion balance in the compensated mode of operation [Meas. Sci. Technol.101999439], several improvements have been made to reduce the uncertainty in the final result. The new measurements have used both stainless steel and copper large masses. The values of G for the two sets of masses are in good agreement. After combining all of the measurements we get a value of G=6.673 87(0.000 27)×10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2. This new value is 5parts in 105 smaller than our previous published values.

  5. UV-B screening by tropospheric ozone: Implications for the National Ambient Air Quality Standard

    SciTech Connect

    Lutter, R.; Wolz, C. [Office of Management and Budget, Washington, DC (United States)

    1997-03-01

    Tropospheric ozone reduces human exposure to harmful ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation. A 10-ppb decrease in seasonal average concentrations of ozone (about 20%) is estimated to lead to increases in cancers and cataracts valued at $0.29 billions to $1.1 billion annually. EPA in its ongoing review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standard for ozone should set a standard to minimize all identifiable health effects, including UV-B radiation-related effects. If these estimates are confirmed, this approach may reduce avoidable cancers, cataracts, and deaths by leading to a different standard than that recently proposed in a program already costing more than $20 billion annually. 44 refs.

  6. [Triamcinolone Acetonide Reference Standard (Control 981) of National Institute of Health Sciences].

    PubMed

    Iwata, M; Maekawa, K; Saito, H; Tanimoto, T; Okada, S

    1999-01-01

    The raw material of triamcinolone acetonide was examined for preparation of the "Triamcinolone Acetonide Reference Standard (Control 981)". The analytical data obtained were: melting point, 289 degrees C (decomposition); UV spectrum, lambda max of 238 nm; IR spectrum, same as that of the Triamcinolone Acetonide Reference Standard (Control 834); optical rotation, [alpha]D20 = +106.8 degrees; thin-layer chromatography, no impurities detected; high-performance liquid chromatography, total amount of impurities less than 0.4%; loss on drying, 1.3%; assay by HPLC, 100.1%. Based on the above results, the raw material was authorized as the Triamcinolone Acetonide Reference Standard (Control 981) of the National Institute of Health Sciences. PMID:10859949

  7. Implementation of a consolidated, standardized database of environmental measurements data

    SciTech Connect

    James, T.L. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Energy, Environment and Resources Center; Zygmunt, B.C. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1996-10-01

    This report discusses the benefits of a consolidated and standardized database; reasons for resistance to the consolidation of data; implementing a consolidated database, including attempts at standardization, deciding what to include in the consolidated database, establishing lists of valid values, and addressing quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) issues; and the evolution of a consolidated database, which includes developing and training a user community, resolving configuration control issues, incorporating historical data, identifying emerging standards, and developing pointers to other data. OREIS is used to illustrate these topics.

  8. Draft International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures Comments on draft international standards

    E-print Network

    A number of new draft international standards (ISPMs) has been posted on the web- site of the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) secretariat - https://www.ippc.int/IPP/En/default.jsp for country

  9. National Mesothelioma Virtual Bank: A standard based biospecimen and clinical data resource to enhance translational research

    PubMed Central

    Amin, Waqas; Parwani, Anil V; Schmandt, Linda; Mohanty, Sambit K; Farhat, Ghada; Pople, Andrew K; Winters, Sharon B; Whelan, Nancy B; Schneider, Althea M; Milnes, John T; Valdivieso, Federico A; Feldman, Michael; Pass, Harvey I; Dhir, Rajiv; Melamed, Jonathan; Becich, Michael J

    2008-01-01

    Background Advances in translational research have led to the need for well characterized biospecimens for research. The National Mesothelioma Virtual Bank is an initiative which collects annotated datasets relevant to human mesothelioma to develop an enterprising biospecimen resource to fulfill researchers' need. Methods The National Mesothelioma Virtual Bank architecture is based on three major components: (a) common data elements (based on College of American Pathologists protocol and National North American Association of Central Cancer Registries standards), (b) clinical and epidemiologic data annotation, and (c) data query tools. These tools work interoperably to standardize the entire process of annotation. The National Mesothelioma Virtual Bank tool is based upon the caTISSUE Clinical Annotation Engine, developed by the University of Pittsburgh in cooperation with the Cancer Biomedical Informatics Grid™ (caBIG™, see ). This application provides a web-based system for annotating, importing and searching mesothelioma cases. The underlying information model is constructed utilizing Unified Modeling Language class diagrams, hierarchical relationships and Enterprise Architect software. Result The database provides researchers real-time access to richly annotated specimens and integral information related to mesothelioma. The data disclosed is tightly regulated depending upon users' authorization and depending on the participating institute that is amenable to the local Institutional Review Board and regulation committee reviews. Conclusion The National Mesothelioma Virtual Bank currently has over 600 annotated cases available for researchers that include paraffin embedded tissues, tissue microarrays, serum and genomic DNA. The National Mesothelioma Virtual Bank is a virtual biospecimen registry with robust translational biomedical informatics support to facilitate basic science, clinical, and translational research. Furthermore, it protects patient privacy by disclosing only de-identified datasets to assure that biospecimens can be made accessible to researchers. PMID:18700971

  10. Evaluation of the Standard Setting on the 2005 Grade 12 National Assessment of Educational Progress Mathematics Test

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sireci, Stephen G.; Hauger, Jeffrey B.; Wells, Craig S.; Shea, Christine; Zenisky, April L.

    2009-01-01

    The National Assessment Governing Board used a new method to set achievement level standards on the 2005 Grade 12 NAEP Math test. In this article, we summarize our independent evaluation of the process used to set these standards. The evaluation data included observations of the standard-setting meeting, observations of advisory committee meetings…

  11. Energy Measurement in the Standard Penetration Test (SPT)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This site from the University of British Columbia Department of Civil Engineering provides general information about the Standard Penetration Test (SPT), as well as information on equipment, uses, procedures, and problems.

  12. What should DOE do to help establish voluntary consensus standards for measuring and rating the performance of PV modules?

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Runkle, L. D.

    1984-01-01

    In response to concern expressed by the photovoltaics community over progress toward the establishment and issuance of concensus standards on photovoltaic performance measurements, a review of the status of and progress in developing these standards was conducted. It examined the roles of manufacturers, and consumers and the national laboratories funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in supporting this effort. This was done by means of a series of discussions with knowledgeable members of the photovoltaic community. Results of these interviews are summarized and a new approach to managing support of standards activity is recommended that responds to specific problems found in the performance measurement standards area. The study concludes that there is a positive role to be played by the U.S. Department of Energy in establishing collector performance measurement standards. It recommends that DOE continue to provide direct financial support for selected committees and for research at national laboratories, and that management of the activity be restructured to increase the authority and responsibility of the consensus committees.

  13. Federal standards and procedures for the National Watershed Boundary Dataset (WBD)

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    U.S. Geological Survey; U.S. Department of Agriculture; Natural Resources Conservation Service

    2013-01-01

    The Watershed Boundary Dataset (WBD) is a comprehensive aggregated collection of hydrologic unit data consistent with the national criteria for delineation and resolution. This document establishes Federal standards and procedures for creating the WBD as seamless and hierarchical hydrologic unit data, based on topographic and hydrologic features at a 1:24,000 scale in the United States, except for Alaska at 1:63,360 scale, and 1:25,000 scale in the Caribbean. The data within the WBD have been reviewed for certification through the 12-digit hydrologic unit for compliance with the criteria outlined in this document. Any edits to certified data will be reviewed against this standard prior to inclusion. Although not required as part of the framework WBD, the guidelines contain details for compiling and delineating the boundaries of two additional levels, the 14- and 16-digit hydrologic units, as well as the use of higher resolution base information to improve delineations. The guidelines presented herein are designed to enable local, regional, and national partners to delineate hydrologic units consistently and accurately. Such consistency improves watershed management through efficient sharing of information and resources and by ensuring that digital geographic data are usable with other related Geographic Information System (GIS) data. Terminology, definitions, and procedural information are provided to ensure uniformity in hydrologic unit boundaries, names, and numerical codes. Detailed standards and specifications for data are included. The document also includes discussion of objectives, communications required for revising the data resolution in the United States and the Caribbean, as well as final review and data-quality criteria. Instances of unusual landforms or artificial features that affect the hydrologic units are described with metadata standards. Up-to-date information and availability of the hydrologic units are listed at http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/detail/national/technical/nra/dma/?&cid=nrcs143_021630/.

  14. Federal standards and procedures for the National Watershed Boundary Dataset (WBD)

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service

    2012-01-01

    The Watershed Boundary Dataset (WBD) is a comprehensive aggregated collection of hydrologic unit data consistent with the national criteria for delineation and resolution. This document establishes Federal standards and procedures for creating the WBD as seamless and hierarchical hydrologic unit data, based on topographic and hydrologic features at a 1:24,000 scale in the United States, except for Alaska at 1:63,360 scale, and 1:25,000 scale in the Caribbean. The data within the WBD have been reviewed for certification through the 12-digit hydrologic unit for compliance with the criteria outlined in this document. Any edits to certified data will be reviewed against this standard prior to inclusion. Although not required as part of the framework WBD, the guidelines contain details for compiling and delineating the boundaries of two additional levels, the 14- and 16-digit hydrologic units, as well as the use of higher resolution base information to improve delineations. The guidelines presented herein are designed to enable local, regional, and national partners to delineate hydrologic units consistently and accurately. Such consistency improves watershed management through efficient sharing of information and resources and by ensuring that digital geographic data are usable with other related Geographic Information System (GIS) data. Terminology, definitions, and procedural information are provided to ensure uniformity in hydrologic unit boundaries, names, and numerical codes. Detailed standards and specifications for data are included. The document also includes discussion of objectives, communications required for revising the data resolution in the United States and the Caribbean, as well as final review and data-quality criteria. Instances of unusual landforms or artificial features that affect the hydrologic units are described with metadata standards. Up-to-date information and availability of the hydrologic units are listed at http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/detail/national/water/watersheds/?cid=nrcs143_021630/.

  15. Educational Equity and Adequacy for Disadvantaged Minority Students: School and Teacher Resource Gaps toward National Mathematics Proficiency Standard

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Jaekyung

    2012-01-01

    This study addresses the issue of educational inadequacy and inequity for disadvantaged minority students. It estimates desired national standards and examines interrelated gaps in key school-teacher resources and mathematics achievement by linking national education data sets (National Assessment of Educational Progress [NAEP], Common Core of…

  16. 75 FR 66725 - National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Proposes To Revise Codes and Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-29

    ...for the 11/23/2010 Installation of Smoke Door Assemblies and Other Opening Protectives...Standard for Fixed Guideway 11/23/2010 Transit and Passenger Rail Systems. NFPA 140...Method for 5/23/2011 Measurement of Smoke Obscuration Using a Conical Radiant...

  17. 171. Photocopy of measured drawing (from National Record Center, Suitland, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    171. Photocopy of measured drawing (from National Record Center, Suitland, Maryland, R.G. 121-76-301, Box 85, No. DC 0020 ZZ 174) Wiemer Biegalski, delineator 1 May 1935 INTERIOR, FIRST FLOOR, WING 1100 EAST, AUDITORIUM (CONFERENCE HALL), STAIRS M (ELEVATION AND PLAN) - U.S. Department of the Interior, Eighteenth & C Streets Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  18. 175. Photocopy of measured drawing (from National Record Center, Suitland, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    175. Photocopy of measured drawing (from National Record Center, Suitland, Maryland, R.G. 121-76-301, Box 89, No. DC 0020 ZZ 362) Buell Solon, delineator 2 December 1936 DECORATIVE PAINTING DETAILS, 'DRAWING NO. 61' - U.S. Department of the Interior, Eighteenth & C Streets Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  19. 174. Photocopy of measured drawing (from National Record Center, Suitland, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    174. Photocopy of measured drawing (from National Record Center, Suitland, Maryland, R.G. 121-76-301, Box 89, No. DC 0020 ZZ 361) Buell, Solon, delineator 2 December 1936 DECORATIVE PAINTING DETAILS, 'DRAWING NO. 60' - U.S. Department of the Interior, Eighteenth & C Streets Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  20. Measuring Stream Discharge in Grand Teton National Park

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    USGS hydrologic technician Bob Reaves collects streamflow measurements from the cableway at the USGS streamgage on the Snake River near Moran, WY. Jackson Lake Dam is shown in the background. Location: USGS streamgage station 13011000, Snake River near Moran, WY, Grand Teton National Park. &nb...

  1. 155. Photocopy of measured drawing (from National Record Center, Suitland, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    155. Photocopy of measured drawing (from National Record Center, Suitland, Maryland, R.G. 121-76-301, Box 83, No. DC 0020 ZZ 13) Revised by Federal Works Agency 1947 FIRST FLOOR PLAN - U.S. Department of the Interior, Eighteenth & C Streets Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  2. “Which Box Should I Check?”: Examining Standard Check Box Approaches to Measuring Race and Ethnicity

    PubMed Central

    Eisenhower, Abbey; Suyemoto, Karen; Lucchese, Fernanda; Canenguez, Katia

    2014-01-01

    Objective This study examined methodological concerns with standard approaches to measuring race and ethnicity using the federally defined race and ethnicity categories, as utilized in National Institutes of Health (NIH) funded research. Data Sources/Study Setting Surveys were administered to 219 economically disadvantaged, racially and ethnically diverse participants at Boston Women Infants and Children (WIC) clinics during 2010. Study Design We examined missingness and misclassification in responses to the closed-ended NIH measure of race and ethnicity compared with open-ended measures of self-identified race and ethnicity. Principal Findings Rates of missingness were 26 and 43 percent for NIH race and ethnicity items, respectively, compared with 11 and 18 percent for open-ended responses. NIH race responses matched racial self-identification in only 44 percent of cases. Missingness and misclassification were disproportionately higher for self-identified Latina(o)s, African-Americans, and Cape Verdeans. Race, but not ethnicity, was more often missing for immigrant versus mainland U.S.-born respondents. Results also indicated that ethnicity for Hispanic/Latina(o)s is more complex than captured in this measure. Conclusions The NIH's current race and ethnicity measure demonstrated poor differentiation of race and ethnicity, restricted response options, and lack of an inclusive ethnicity question. Separating race and ethnicity and providing respondents with adequate flexibility to identify themselves both racially and ethnically may improve valid operationalization. PMID:24298894

  3. Pan-Canadian REspiratory STandards INitiative for Electronic Health Records (PRESTINE): 2011 National Forum Proceedings

    PubMed Central

    Lougheed, M Diane; Minard, Janice; Dworkin, Shari; Juurlink, Mary-Ann; Temple, Walley J; To, Teresa; Koehn, Marc; Van Dam, Anne; Boulet, Louis-Philippe

    2012-01-01

    In a novel knowledge translation initiative, the Government of Ontario’s Asthma Plan of Action funded the development of an Asthma Care Map to enable adherence with the Canadian Asthma Consensus Guidelines developed under the auspices of the Canadian Thoracic Society (CTS). Following its successful evaluation within the Primary Care Asthma Pilot Project, respiratory clinicians from the Asthma Research Unit, Queen’s University (Kingston, Ontario) are leading an initiative to incorporate standardized Asthma Care Map data elements into electronic health records in primary care in Ontario. Acknowledging that the issue of data standards affects all respiratory conditions, and all provinces and territories, the Government of Ontario approached the CTS Respiratory Guidelines Committee. At its meeting in September 2010, the CTS Respiratory Guidelines Committee agreed that developing and standardizing respiratory data elements for electronic health records are strategically important. In follow-up to that commitment, representatives from the CTS, the Lung Association, the Government of Ontario, the National Lung Health Framework and Canada Health Infoway came together to form a planning committee. The planning committee proposed a phased approach to inform stakeholders about the issue, and engage them in the development, implementation and evaluation of a standardized dataset. An environmental scan was completed in July 2011, which identified data definitions and standards currently available for clinical variables that are likely to be included in electronic medical records in primary care for diagnosis, management and patient education related to asthma and COPD. The scan, sponsored by the Government of Ontario, includes compliance with clinical nomenclatures such as SNOMED-CT® and LOINC®. To help launch and create momentum for this initiative, a national forum was convened on October 2 and 3, 2011, in Toronto, Ontario. The forum was designed to bring together key stakeholders across the spectrum of respiratory care, including clinicians, researchers, health informaticists and administrators to explore and recommend a potential scope, approach and governance structure for this important project. The Pan-Canadian REspiratory STandards INitiative for Electronic Health Records (PRESTINE) goal is to recommend respiratory data elements and standards for use in electronic medical records across Canada that meet the needs of providers, administrators, researchers and policy makers to facilitate evidence-based clinical care, monitoring, surveillance, benchmarking and policy development. The focus initially is expected to include asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and pulmonary function standards elements that are applicable to many respiratory conditions. The present article summarizes the process and findings of the forum deliberations. PMID:22536581

  4. National standards and code compliance for electrical equipment and instruments installed in hazardous locations for the cone penetrometer

    SciTech Connect

    Bussell, J.H.

    1996-03-01

    The cone penetrometer is designed to measure the material properties of waste tank contents at the Hanford Site. The penetrometer system consists of a skid-mounted assembly, a penetrometer assembly (composed of a guide tube and a push rod), an active neutron moisture measurement probe, decontamination unit, and a support trailer containing a diesel-engine-driven hydraulic pump and a generator. The skid-mounted assembly is about 8 feet wide by 23 feet long and 15 feet high. Its nominal weight is about 40,000 pounds with the provisions to add up to 54,500 pounds of additional ballast. This document describes the cone penetrometer electrical instruments and how it complies with national standards.

  5. Relative Intensity Correction of Raman Systems with National Institute of Standards and Technology Standard Reference Material 2242 in 90°-Scattering Geometry.

    PubMed

    Schlösser, Magnus; Rupp, Simone; Brunst, Tim; James, Timothy M

    2015-05-01

    The U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has certified a set of Standard Reference Materials (SRMs) that can be used to accurately determine the spectral sensitivity of Raman spectrometers. These solid-state reference sources offer benefits such as exact reproduction of Raman sampling geometry, simple implementation, and long-term stability. However, a serious drawback of these SRMs is that they are certified only in the backscattering (180°) configuration. In this study, we investigated if and how SRM 2242 (applicable for 532 nm) can be employed in a 90°-scattering geometry Raman system. We found that the measurement procedure needs to be modified to comply with the certified uncertainty provided by NIST. This requires a change in the SRM illumination that is possible only if we polish the side surfaces. In addition, we need to account for the polarization configuration of the Raman system by choosing the appropriate polarization of the excitation beam. On top of that, the spatial inhomogeneity of the luminescence light needs to be taken into account, as well as its behavior while traveling through the SRM bulk. Finally, we show in a round-robin test that the resulting uncertainty for the quantification of Raman spectra using the modified technique is on the order of ±1.5 percentage points. PMID:25811283

  6. Present and future trends for neutron source calibrations at the National Institute of Standards and Technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adams, J. M.

    2004-01-01

    The neutron source calibration facility operated by the United States National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is a world-class calibration laboratory providing neutron source calibration services for radioisotopic sources with neutron emission rates ranging from 5 × 10 5 to 1 × 10 10 s -1. Calibrations are performed using the manganous sulfate bath technique with a relative expanded uncertainty of approximately 3.5% (2 ?). Recently, an improvement to the calibration procedure has been implemented whereby sources are regularly cross-calibrated against the national standard neutron source as well as one of three (international) standard sources formerly maintained by the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures. This feature helps ensure that the fidelity of NIST neutron source calibrations is maintained at the highest level. In addition to the Institute's external customers, NIST's neutron source calibration facility also provides important contributions to other neutron irradiation and calibration services provided by the Institute, as well as to NIST's intramural research programs in neutron metrology, nuclear reactor pressure-vessel dosimetry, and fundamental neutron physics.

  7. Smart sensors wireless measurement network based on Bluetooth standard

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weremczuk, Jerzy; Jachowicz, Ryszard; Jablonski, Michal

    2003-09-01

    The paper briefly describes Bluetooth standard and authors" Bluetoth sensors modules construction. At the beginning the short comparison of existing on the market standards of wireless data transmission (IEEE802.11, IEEE802.11b/g, IEEE802.11a, HomeRF, Bluetooth, Radiometrix, Motorola, IrDA) brought out by main firms is presented. Next selected Bluetooth features and functions useful to sensors wireless network creations are discussed. At the end our own Bluetooth sensor based on the newest Ericsson ROK 101 007 module is specified.

  8. Inventory confirmation measurement at Los Alamos National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect

    Hsue, F.; Marshall, R.

    1989-01-01

    Confirmation measurements of special nuclear materials (SNM) are conducted routinely at Los Alamos National Laboratory for inventory support. The main purpose of the measurement is to confirm the stated SNM contents of inventory items and to detect potential diversion or mislabeled materials. The Laboratory implemented the confirmation measurement as part of the inventory verification process in compliance with DOE Order addressing nuclear materials control and accountability. Three measurement techniques/methods were developed for assay of Pu and U bearing items. Acceptance/rejection criteria were established from data collected over several years. This paper describes the measurement techniques, the acceptance/rejection criteria and the resolution practices for items that fail the confirmation measurement tests. Sample data are presented for illustration of each technique. 3 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  9. Comparison of methods for estimating Wet-Bulb Globe Temperature index from standard meteorological measurements.

    PubMed

    Patel, Tejash; Mullen, Stephen P; Santee, William R

    2013-08-01

    Environmental heat illness and injuries are a serious concern for the Army and Marines. Currently, the Wet-Bulb Globe Temperature (WBGT) index is used to evaluate heat injury risk. The index is a weighted average of dry-bulb temperature (Tdb), black globe temperature (Tbg), and natural wet-bulb temperature (Tnwb). The WBGT index would be more widely used if it could be determined using standard weather instruments. This study compares models developed by Liljegren at Argonne National Laboratory and by Matthew at the U.S. Army Institute of Environmental Medicine that calculate WBGT using standard meteorological measurements. Both models use air temperature (Ta), relative humidity, wind speed, and global solar radiation (RG) to calculate Tnwb and Tbg. The WBGT and meteorological data used for model validation were collected at Griffin, Georgia and Yuma Proving Ground (YPG), Arizona. Liljegren (YPG: R(2) = 0.709, p < 0.01; Griffin: R(2) = 0.854, p < 0.01) showed closer agreement between calculated and actual WBGT than Matthew (YPG: R(2) = 0.630, p < 0.01; Griffin: R(2) = 0.677, p < 0.01). Compared to actual WBGT heat categorization, the Matthew model tended to underpredict compared to Liljegren's classification. Results indicate Liljegren is an acceptable alternative to direct WBGT measurement, but verification under other environmental conditions is needed. PMID:23929057

  10. National Center for Standards and Certification Information (NCSCI) Policy The U.S. Department of Commerce (DOC), National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    ; ASTM, for example: www.astm.org. Search for "exact title" or a few keywords. Note that in the USA, standards are voluntary unless incorporated by reference into the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations (CFR://standards.gov/sibr/query/index.cfm · You can also try a search for standard equivalences using NSSN, a search engine for standards provided

  11. The Measurement of the Dielectric Constant of Standard Liquids

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. Hartshorn; J. V. L. Parry; L. Essen

    1955-01-01

    New determinations have been made of the dielectric constants of benzene, cyclohexane, dichlorethane and nitrobenzene with the object of providing values of a higher accuracy than has hitherto been available for four standard liquids covering the range of values commonly required. Liquids of specially high purity were obtained with the co-operation of Professor J. Timmermans of Brussels and Dr. Herington

  12. Science or Reading: What Is Being Measured by Standardized Tests?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Visone, Jeremy D.

    2010-01-01

    This study examined reading issues associated with a standardized science test. Grade 11 students in Connecticut were shown released science test items and asked about the reading issues associated with the items. Findings suggested that students varied in their understanding of the nature of the items and in their ability to read for detail. The…

  13. Measuring Equity: Creating a New Standard for Inputs and Outputs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knoeppel, Robert C.; Della Sala, Matthew R.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to introduce a new statistic to capture the ratio of equitable student outcomes given equitable inputs. Given the fact that finance structures should be aligned to outcome standards according to judicial interpretation, a ratio of outputs to inputs, or "equity ratio," is introduced to discern if conclusions can be…

  14. utting advances in measurement science and standards to work

    E-print Network

    Magee, Joseph W.

    Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Impacts range from saved lives to longer-lasting roads with an Impact C onsider a few examples of impacts and benefits. EL's contributions have: · Helped to cut robots, while opening the way to more cost- effective use of the technology in smaller factories. · Led

  15. Measurements on optically pumped cesium vapor frequency standard

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Bava; A. de Marchi; G. Rovera; N. Beverini; F. Strumia

    1975-01-01

    Preliminary data on optically pumped Cs vapor obtained using a hyperfine filter with good efficiency for Cs resonance lines have provided a basis for the construction of a Cs vapor passive frequency standard. A signal corresponding to resonance between two hyperfine levels of the Cs ground state was obtained at the output of the photodetector with different absorption cells containing

  16. Rheo-small-angle neutron scattering at the National Institute of Standards and Technology Center for Neutron Research.

    PubMed

    Porcar, L; Pozzo, D; Langenbucher, G; Moyer, J; Butler, P D

    2011-08-01

    We describe the design and operation of a modified commercial rheometer to simultaneously perform rheological measurements and structural studies by small angle neutron scattering (SANS). The apparatus uses a Couette geometry shear cell allowing two of the three scattering planes to be observed by performing experiments in either the radial or tangential geometries. The device enables small angle neutron scattering patterns to be obtained simultaneously with a wide variety of rheological measurements such as stress/strain flow curves, oscillatory deformations, and creep, recovery and relaxation tests, from -20?°C to 150?°C, for samples with viscosities varying by several orders of magnitude. We give a brief report of recent experiments performed on a dispersion of acicular nanoparticles and biopolymer network under stress demonstrating the utility of such measurements. This device has been developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology's Center for Neutron Research (NCNR) and made available to the complex fluids community as part of the standard sample environment equipment. PMID:21895253

  17. Implementing nursing practice standards in the post-Soviet nations of central and eastern Europe.

    PubMed

    Cholewka, P A

    2000-01-01

    There is an increasing interest by the healthcare industry in the post-Soviet nations of Central and Eastern Europe in adopting and applying at least some aspects of Western healthcare management technology, such as TQM, to contain healthcare expenditures and improve healthcare outcomes. However, interest is not enough. There must be a firm, long-term commitment to fostering sustainable change by these governments and healthcare organization management to redesign academic curricula to include healthcare quality management concepts, to develop and implement professional clinical practice standards, and to continue to monitor the quality of healthcare services provided. PMID:10650430

  18. A comparison of time study standards and methods-time measurement standards for three foundry operations 

    E-print Network

    Bruckart, Richard F

    1952-01-01

    RQp 8f 'tlat f2@% 89 tr@G BC'~ tl9~ lH~ ~ CGtNt CQ' M~CI286 AM8. Sufi~~ @h9 g3A?IK 0%89 tL%9 EQXC XS ~4M@ BZ'5EJ 6& PQ~iA ~ XSM%8 G4pSi ' 72mehi %5. fQGX. ~@:7 ~ ~ 89~%. '%~14ex gw~s ~A ~~ @g3p 9. 4 1 g bid@ to, b~. '~ cAeM tq ~ peX4f, ~ e. 9i... ~ . 16 Calculation of Correlation Coefficient fox' Time Study and La TB for Corob2. oniL1 Analysis Qf Standard Timoc -. Qrindinp. 19 Analysis of. Comparative Variations -' 9r iudinB e ~ ~ e ~ 'a ~ ~, ~ a ~ Cslculatioxx Of g Vax iai;ion. snd Standard...

  19. National Skills Standards Development Program: Organization and Operation of Technical Committees To Develop National Skill Standards for Competency in the Electronics Industry. The Third Party Summative Evaluation of the Electronic Industries Foundation Project. Phase I & II. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Losh, Charles

    The Electronics Industries Foundation was awarded a project to develop national entry-level standards and a certification system. Ten specialties were included: automotive electronics, avionics, biomedical electronics, business machines, consumer products electronics, general electronics, industrial electronics, instrumentation, microcomputer, and…

  20. An additional configuration to standard ASTM E2611-09 for measuring the normal incidence sound

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    An additional configuration to standard ASTM E2611-09 for measuring the normal incidence sound tube. In the standard ASTM E2611-09, the downstream section of the impedance tube includes two of the nSTL has been standardized in ASTM E2611-09[1]. It uses a plane wave tube instrumented with four

  1. Testing the Standard Model Precision Measurements of the Z and W; Search for the Higgs

    E-print Network

    Murayama, Hitoshi

    13 Testing the Standard Model Precision Measurements of the Z and W; Search for the Higgs would be spectacular in e+e-annihilation. Indeed, within the Standard Model nearly every aspect of the Z of the Z into a single neutrino species. If the Standard Model prediction is used for this quantity

  2. Technical Review on Chinese Digital Terrestrial Television Broadcasting Standard and Measurements on Some Working Modes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jian Song; Zhixing Yang; Lin Yang; Ke Gong; Changyong Pan; Jun Wang; Youshou Wu

    2007-01-01

    Technical details of the recently announced Chinese Digital Terrestrial Television Broadcasting Standard which defines the physical layer transmission protocol including the frame structure, channel coding and modulation schemes are discussed in this paper. The major differences between Chinese DTV standard in multi-carrier working mode and DVB-T standard, all occupying the same 8 MHz baseband bandwidth, are addressed. The measurement results

  3. Large Volume Calorimeter Comparison Measurement Results Collected at the Los Alamos National Laboratory Plutonium Facility.

    SciTech Connect

    Bracken, D. S. (David S.)

    2005-01-01

    A calorimeter capable of measuring the power output from special nuclear material in 208-liter (55-gal) shipping or storatge containers was designed and fabricated at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). This high-sensitivity, large-volume calorimeter (LVC) provides a reliable NDA method to measure many difficult-to-assay forms of plutonium and tritium more accurately. The entire calorimeter is 104 cm wide x 157 cm deep x 196 cm high in the closed position. The LVC also requires space for a standard electronics rack. A standard 208-1 drum with a 60-cm-diameter retaining ring with bolt will fit into the LVC measurement chamber. With careful positioning, cylindrical items up to 66 cm in diameter and 100 cm tall can be assayed in the LVC. The LVC was used to measure numerous plutonium-bearing items in 208-1 drums at the Los Alamos Plutonium Facility. Measurement results from real waste drums that were previously assayed using multiple NDA systems are compared with the LVC results. The calorimeter previously performed well under laboratory conditions using Pu-238 heat standards. The in-plant instrument performance is compared with the laboratory performance. Assay times, precision, measurement threshold, and operability of the LVC are also presented.

  4. Middle school students' understanding of time: Implications for the National Science Education Standards

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reinemann, Deborah Jean

    2000-10-01

    Measures of time are essential to human life, especially in the Western world. Human understanding of time develops from the preschool stages of using "before" and "after" to an adult understanding and appreciation of time. Previous researchers (for example, Piaget, Friedman) have investigated and described stages of time development. Time, as it was investigated here, can be classified as conventional, logical or experiential. Conventional time is the ordered representation of time; the days of the week, the months of the year, or clock time: seconds and hours. Logical time is the deduction of duration based on regular events; for example, calculating the passage of time based on two separate events. Experiential time involves the duration of events and estimating intervals. With the recent production of the National Science Education Standards (NSES), many schools are aligning their science curriculum with the NSES. Time appears both implicitly and explicitly in the NSES. Do Middle School students possess the understanding of time necessary to meet the recommendations of the NSES? An interview protocol of four sessions was developed to investigate middle school students understanding of time. The four sessions included: building and testing water clocks; an interview about water clocks and time intervals; a laserdisc presentation about relative time spans; and a mind mapping session. Students were also given the GALT test of Logical Thinking. The subjects of the study were interviewed; eleven eighth grade students and thirteen sixth grade students. The data was transcribed and coded, and a rubric was developed to evaluate students based on their responses to the four sessions. The Time Analysis Rubric is a grid of the types of time: conventional, logical and experiential time versus the degree of understanding of time. Student results were assigned to levels of understanding based on the Time Analysis Rubric. There was a relationship (although not significant) between the students' GALT score and the Time Analysis Rubric results. There was no difference in Time Analysis levels between sixth and eighth grade students. On the basis of this study, Middle School students' level of understanding of time appears to be sufficient to master the requirements of the NSES.

  5. Development of a Standardized Measure of Classroom Participation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cataldo, Michael F.; Risley, Todd R.

    A sample research observation measure and its preparation into a written observer training package for use in evaluating children within or across classrooms is described. The Planned Activity Check (PLA-Check) measure, a time-sample observation of children's participation is planned activities; was used. A training manual based upon the PLA-Check…

  6. 41 CFR 101-26.4901-149 - Standard Form 149, U.S. Government National Credit Card.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...System FEDERAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS SUPPLY AND PROCUREMENT 26-PROCUREMENT SOURCES AND PROGRAM 26.49-Illustrations of Forms § 101-26.4901-149 Standard Form 149, U.S. Government National Credit Card. Note: The...

  7. 41 CFR 101-26.4901-149 - Standard Form 149, U.S. Government National Credit Card.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...System FEDERAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS SUPPLY AND PROCUREMENT 26-PROCUREMENT SOURCES AND PROGRAM 26.49-Illustrations of Forms § 101-26.4901-149 Standard Form 149, U.S. Government National Credit Card. Note: The...

  8. Advanced coordinate measuring machine at Sandia National Laboratories/California

    SciTech Connect

    Pilkey, R.D.; Klevgard, P.A.

    1993-03-01

    Sandia National Laboratories/California has acquired a new Moore M-48V CNC five-axis universal coordinate measuring machine (CMM). Site preparation, acceptance testing, and initial performance results are discussed. Unique features of the machine include a ceramic ram and vacuum evacuated laser pathways (VELPS). The implementation of a VELPS system on the machine imposed certain design requirements and entailed certain start-up problems. The machine's projected capabilities, workload, and research possibilities are outlined.

  9. Advanced coordinate measuring machine at Sandia National Laboratories/California

    SciTech Connect

    Pilkey, R.D.; Klevgard, P.A.

    1993-03-01

    Sandia National Laboratories/California has acquired a new Moore M-48V CNC five-axis universal coordinate measuring machine (CMM). Site preparation, acceptance testing, and initial performance results are discussed. Unique features of the machine include a ceramic ram and vacuum evacuated laser pathways (VELPS). The implementation of a VELPS system on the machine imposed certain design requirements and entailed certain start-up problems. The machine`s projected capabilities, workload, and research possibilities are outlined.

  10. Standard conforming involute gear metrology using an articulated arm coordinate measuring system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Härtig, Frank; Lin, Hu; Kniel, Karin; Shi, Zhaoyao

    2012-10-01

    Standard conforming involute gear measurements were taken by a manually operating articulated arm system and the respective task-specific measurement uncertainties were estimated. User-friendly templates were developed to provide almost unambiguous and repeatable measurement results. They allow the metrologist to easily detect and gather the single measurement points according to existing guidelines and standards commonly used in gear metrology. The research activities were carried out at the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), Germany in the Department of Coordinate Metrology. Measurements were taken on a robust and highly accurate large gear measurement standard of PTB, in the following called the gear standard. This gear standard materializes a left-hand and a right-hand gear as well as a spur gear. The 1 m outside diameter of the gear standard is similar to the gears used in wind power plants. A commercial articulated arm coordinate measuring system was used for the measurements. A high temperature stability of ±0.2 °C was provided to minimize thermal influences. The results of profile and helix measurements will be presented. This worldwide first investigation, on the basis of a calibrated involute gear standard, gives users of the articulating arm system quantitative information on a task-specific performance of a representative gear measurement.

  11. EVALUATION OF PRESENT CHEMICAL STANDARDS IN RELATIONSHIP TO IN SITU MARINE WATER QUALITY MEASUREMENTS

    EPA Science Inventory

    The purpose of the program was to determine what standards are currently available, their suitability for validating present in-situ water quality measurements, and to assess the accuracy of measurement traceability from the in-situ instrument to a recognized standard. The ease w...

  12. ASTM standards for measuring solar reflectance and infrared emittance of construction materials and comparing their steady-state surface temperatures

    SciTech Connect

    Akbari, H.; Levinson, R.; Berdahl, P. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Energy and Environment Div.

    1996-08-01

    Numerous experiments on individual buildings in California and Florida show that painting roofs white reduces air conditioning load up to 50%, depending on the thermal resistance or amount of insulation under the roof. The savings, of course, are strong functions of the thermal integrity of a building and climate. In earlier work, the authors have estimated the national energy savings potential from reflective roofs and paved surfaces. Achieving this potential, however, is conditional on receiving the necessary Federal, states, and electric utilities support to develop materials with high solar reflectance and design effective implementation programs. An important step in initiating an effective program in this area is to work with the american Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) and the industry to create test procedures, rating, and labeling for building and paving materials. A subcommittee of ASTM E06, E06.42, on Cool Construction Materials, was formed as the vehicle to develop standard practices for measuring, rating, and labeling cool construction materials. The subcommittee has also undertaken the development of a standard practice for calculating a solar reflectance index (SRI) of horizontal and low-sloped surfaces. SRI is a measure of the relative steady-state temperature of a surface with respect to a standard white surface (SRI = 100) and a standard black surface (SRI = 0) under standard solar and ambient conditions. This paper discusses the technical issues relating to development of these two ASTM standards.

  13. Federal standards and procedures for the National Watershed Boundary Dataset (WBD)

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service

    2011-01-01

    The Watershed Boundary Dataset (WBD) is a comprehensive aggregated collection of hydrologic unit data consistent with the national criteria for delineation and resolution. This document establishes interagency guidelines, standards, and procedures for creating the WBD as seamless and hierarchical hydrologic unit data, based on topographic and hydrologic features at a 1:24,000 scale in the United States, except for Alaska at 1:63,360 scale, and 1:25,000 scale in the Caribbean. The data within the WBD are reviewed for certification through the 12-digit hydrologic unit against compliance to the criteria outlined in this document. Although not required as part of the framework WBD, the guidelines contain details for compiling and delineating the boundaries of two additional levels, the 14- and 16-digit hydrologic units, as well as the use of higher resolution base information to improve delineations. The guidelines presented herein are designed to enable local, regional, and national partners to consistently and accurately delineate hydrologic units. Such consistency improves watershed management through efficient sharing of information and resources and by ensuring that digital geographic data are usable with other related Geographic Information System (GIS) data. Terminology, definitions, and procedural information are provided to ensure uniformity in hydrologic unit boundaries, names, and numerical codes. Detailed standards and specifications for data are included. The document also includes discussion of objectives, communications required for revising the data resolution in the United States and the Caribbean, as well as final review and data-quality criteria. Instances of unusual landforms or artificial features that affect the hydrologic units are described with metadata standards. Up-to-date information and availability of the hydrologic units are listed at http://www.ncgc.nrcs.usda.gov/products/datasets/watershed/.

  14. Essential service standards for equitable national cardiovascular care for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

    PubMed

    Brown, Alex; O'Shea, Rebekah L; Mott, Kathy; McBride, Katharine F; Lawson, Tony; Jennings, Garry L R

    2015-02-01

    Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) constitute the largest cause of death for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and remain the primary contributor to life expectancy differentials between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous Australians. As such, CVD remains the most critical target for reducing the life expectancy gap. The Essential Service Standards for Equitable National Cardiovascular Care for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people (ESSENCE) outline elements of care that are necessary to reduce disparity in access and outcomes for five critical cardiovascular conditions. The ESSENCE approach builds a foundation on which the gap in life expectancy between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous Australians can be reduced. The standards purposefully focus on the prevention and management of CVD extending across the continuum of risk and disease. Each of the agreed essential service standards are presented alongside the most critical targets for policy development and health system reform aimed at mitigating population disparity in CVD and related conditions. PMID:25459487

  15. National Cancer Institute Biospecimen Evidence-Based Practices: a novel approach to pre-analytical standardization.

    PubMed

    Engel, Kelly B; Vaught, Jim; Moore, Helen M

    2014-04-01

    Variable biospecimen collection, processing, and storage practices may introduce variability in biospecimen quality and analytical results. This risk can be minimized within a facility through the use of standardized procedures; however, analysis of biospecimens from different facilities may be confounded by differences in procedures and inferred biospecimen quality. Thus, a global approach to standardization of biospecimen handling procedures and their validation is needed. Here we present the first in a series of procedural guidelines that were developed and annotated with published findings in the field of human biospecimen science. The series of documents will be known as NCI Biospecimen Evidence-Based Practices, or BEBPs. Pertinent literature was identified via the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Biospecimen Research Database ( brd.nci.nih.gov ) and findings were organized by specific biospecimen pre-analytical factors and analytes of interest (DNA, RNA, protein, morphology). Meta-analysis results were presented as annotated summaries, which highlight concordant and discordant findings and the threshold and magnitude of effects when applicable. The detailed and adaptable format of the document is intended to support the development and execution of evidence-based standard operating procedures (SOPs) for human biospecimen collection, processing, and storage operations. PMID:24749882

  16. Vacuum Ultraviolet And Extreme Ultraviolet Radiometry Using Synchrotron Radiation At The National Bureau Of Standards

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saloman, E. B.; Ebner, S. C.; Hughey, L. R.

    1982-10-01

    Synchrotron radiation is a source of continuum radiation ranging from the x-ray or soft x-ray region (depending on machine energy) to beyond the visible region. The amount of radiation emitted is a calculable function of machine operating parameters. This makes it possible to use synchrotron radiation from electron synchrotrons and electron storage rings as an absolute source particularly in the vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) and soft x-ray regions where other standards are difficult to find. At the National Bureau of Standards (NBS), an electron storage ring (SURF-II) has been used to calibrate spectrometers and photometers used in solar and aeronomy research and in fusion plasma diagnostics. A large chamber has recently been completed to facilitate such calibrations. The radiation incident on these spectrometers can be calculated to uncertainties of 3%. A technique to exactly determine the number of electrons orbiting in the ring is currently being developed to reduce this uncertainty. Detector calibrations between 5 to 55 nm (50 to 550 A) are routinely carried out at SURF-II, and transfer standard detec-tors with 6 to 10% uncertainties over the range of 5 to 254 nm (50 to 2540 A) are supplied. Special studies of "practical," high efficiency, and disposable photodiodes have been made by NBS in collaboration with other groups.

  17. K-5 Literacy Education: A Comparison between American Common Core State Standards and Chinese National Curriculum Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Haiyan; Yin, Jianjun

    2014-01-01

    Literacy education is the most important part in school education and its efficiency determines the students' achievements in their future education and career. In 2010, the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) were released, which aimed to provide common standards for K-12 public school students in the whole country to improve the educational…

  18. An Investigation of the National School Board Association Key Work Standards for Public Policy Leadership and School Board Chair Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quarles, Roger C.

    2011-01-01

    This multiple case qualitative study addressed the National School Board Association's (NSBA) Key Work standards for public policy leadership by local school boards, and how three elite school board chairs understood and implemented those standards. Elite board chair status was defined by experience, training, and peer recognition. The study…

  19. 2014 State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Are New Teachers Being Prepared for College- and Career-Readiness Standards? National Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2014

    2014-01-01

    Since most states adopted college- and career-readiness standards, about one million new teachers have graduated from teacher preparation programs in the United States. With five years lead time on incorporating new standards into policy and practice, this year the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has expanded its policy analysis to…

  20. Report of National Institute of Statistics and Geography of Mexico (INEGI) on Inventory on Global Statistical Standards

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Note by the Secretary-General Summary The report describes a website developed by INEGI containing an inventory of global statistical standards. The elaboration of this inventory was motivated by a requirement of the new Mexican Statistical Law that national methodologies be in concordance with international recommendations and standards. Mexico is offering this system to the international community and suggests that it

  1. Learning-Goals-Driven Design Model: Developing Curriculum Materials that Align with National Standards and Incorporate Project-Based Pedagogy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krajcik, Joseph; McNeill, Katherine L.; Reiser, Brian J.

    2008-01-01

    Reform efforts in science education emphasize the importance of rigorous treatment of science standards and use of innovative pedagogical approaches to make science more meaningful and successful. In this paper, we present a learning-goals-driven design model for developing curriculum materials, which combines national standards and a…

  2. A test sample to standardize measurements of normal stress

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. A. Kearsley

    1973-01-01

    Summary This paper is an account of the design of a test sample of polystyrene solution which will be distributed to research laboratories interested in participating in a comparison of techniques of measurement of normal stresses through a common sample. Questions of concentration, molecular weight distribution and solvent properties are considered.

  3. Measurement Precision for Repeat Examinees on a Standardized Patient Examination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raymond, Mark R.; Swygert, Kimberly A.; Kahraman, Nilufer

    2012-01-01

    Examinees who initially fail and later repeat an SP-based clinical skills exam typically exhibit large score gains on their second attempt, suggesting the possibility that examinees were not well measured on one of those attempts. This study evaluates score precision for examinees who repeated an SP-based clinical skills test administered as part…

  4. Standardizing School Dropout Measures. CPRE Research Report Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Patricia A.

    Dropout rates reported by states and school districts are produced by a variety of accounting procedures. Since these rates are difficult to compare and interpret, they fail to correctly measure the dropout rate. A uniform definition of school dropout is needed. The degree of variation was examined by analyzing 21 local definitions. The five…

  5. Open-circuited coaxial lines as standards for microwave measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bianco, B.; Corana, A.; Gogioso, L.; Ridella, S.; Parodi, M.

    1980-05-01

    Risley's procedure (1969), a variational method based on the use of the Green kernel, is outlined. The results for a 50-ohm 7-mm open line are presented together with a simple but accurate fitting expression for capacitance as a function of the frequency. Finally, the calculated values are compared with measurements made in the 2-18 GHz range.

  6. Standardization of surface potential measurements of graphene domains

    PubMed Central

    Panchal, Vishal; Pearce, Ruth; Yakimova, Rositza; Tzalenchuk, Alexander; Kazakova, Olga

    2013-01-01

    We compare the three most commonly used scanning probe techniques to obtain a reliable value of the work function in graphene domains of different thickness. The surface potential (SP) of graphene is directly measured in Hall bar geometry via a combination of electrical functional microscopy and spectroscopy techniques, which enables calibrated work function measurements of graphene domains in ambient conditions with values ?1LG ~4.55 ± 0.02?eV and ?2LG ~ 4.44 ± 0.02?eV for single- and bi-layer, respectively. We demonstrate that frequency-modulated Kelvin probe force microscopy (FM-KPFM) provides more accurate measurement of the SP than amplitude-modulated (AM)-KPFM. The discrepancy between experimental results obtained by different techniques is discussed. In addition, we use FM-KPFM for contactless measurements of the specific components of the device resistance. We show a strong non-Ohmic behavior of the electrode-graphene contact resistance and extract the graphene channel resistivity. PMID:24008915

  7. Standardized cardiovascular data for clinical research, registries, and patient care: a report from the Data Standards Workgroup of the National Cardiovascular Research Infrastructure project.

    PubMed

    Anderson, H Vernon; Weintraub, William S; Radford, Martha J; Kremers, Mark S; Roe, Matthew T; Shaw, Richard E; Pinchotti, Dana M; Tcheng, James E

    2013-05-01

    Relatively little attention has been focused on standardization of data exchange in clinical research studies and patient care activities. Both are usually managed locally using separate and generally incompatible data systems at individual hospitals or clinics. In the past decade there have been nascent efforts to create data standards for clinical research and patient care data, and to some extent these are helpful in providing a degree of uniformity. Nonetheless, these data standards generally have not been converted into accepted computer-based language structures that could permit reliable data exchange across computer networks. The National Cardiovascular Research Infrastructure (NCRI) project was initiated with a major objective of creating a model framework for standard data exchange in all clinical research, clinical registry, and patient care environments, including all electronic health records. The goal is complete syntactic and semantic interoperability. A Data Standards Workgroup was established to create or identify and then harmonize clinical definitions for a base set of standardized cardiovascular data elements that could be used in this network infrastructure. Recognizing the need for continuity with prior efforts, the Workgroup examined existing data standards sources. A basic set of 353 elements was selected. The NCRI staff then collaborated with the 2 major technical standards organizations in health care, the Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consortium and Health Level Seven International, as well as with staff from the National Cancer Institute Enterprise Vocabulary Services. Modeling and mapping were performed to represent (instantiate) the data elements in appropriate technical computer language structures for endorsement as an accepted data standard for public access and use. Fully implemented, these elements will facilitate clinical research, registry reporting, administrative reporting and regulatory compliance, and patient care. PMID:23500238

  8. The National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS) Process: Who Applies and What Factors Are Associated with NBPTS Certification?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldhaber, Dan; Perry, David; Anthony, Emily

    2004-01-01

    National Board Certification represents one of the most significant reform efforts in the area of teacher quality in the last two decades. Since the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS) certified its first round of teachers in 1995, approximately 32,000 teachers have become certified at a cost to the country of well over $300…

  9. November 1998 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Technology AdministrationNational Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    involving NIST and the National Security Agency (NSA), on behalf of the United States, and security organiza), a joint activity of NIST and NSA to establish an IT product security evaluation program supported Laboratory (ITL) of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Each bulletin presents an in

  10. Workshop in Support of the Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Nitrogen (NOx) and Sulfur Oxides (SOx)

    EPA Science Inventory

    EPA is announcing a workshop to discuss policy-relevant science to Inform EPA?s "Review of the Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for Oxides of Nitrogen and Sulfur" report. The workshop is being organized by EPA?s Office of Research and Development?s, Nation...

  11. Using the NCSS "National Curriculum Standards for Social Studies: A Framework for Teaching, Learning, and Assessment" to Meet State Social Studies Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herczog, Michelle M.

    2010-01-01

    According to "A Report on the State of U.S. History Education, State Policies and National Programs as of September 2008," "Forty-eight states and the District of Columbia have established academic standards to address academic achievement in history, the social sciences, or social studies. The sole exceptions are Iowa and Rhode Island which allow…

  12. The National Vegetation Classification Standard applied to the remote sensing classification of two semiarid environments.

    PubMed

    Ramsey, Elijah W; Nelson, Gene A; Echols, Darrell; Sapkota, Sijan K

    2002-05-01

    The National Vegetation Classification Standard (NVCS) was implemented at two US National Park Service (NPS) sites in Texas, the Padre Island National Seashore (PINS) and the Lake Meredith National Recreation Area (LMNRA), to provide information for NPS oil and gas management plans. Because NVCS landcover classifications did not exist for these two areas prior to this study, we created landcover classes, through intensive ground and aerial reconnaissance, that characterized the general landscape features and at the same time complied with NVCS guidelines. The created landcover classes were useful for the resource management and were conducive to classification with optical remote sensing systems, such as the Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM). In the LMNRA, topographic elevation data were added to the TM data to reduce confusion between cliff, high plains, and forest classes. Classification accuracies (kappa statistics) of 89.9% (0.89) and 88.2% (0.87) in PINS and LMNRA, respectively, verified that the two NPS landholdings were adequately mapped with TM data. Improved sensor systems with higher spectral and spatial resolutions will ultimately refine the broad classes defined in this classification; however, the landcover classifications created in this study have already provided valuable information for the management of both NPS lands. Habitat information provided by the classifications has aided in the placement of inventory and monitoring plots, has assisted oil and gas operators by providing information on sensitive habitats, and has allowed park managers to better use resources when fighting wildland fires and in protecting visitors and the infrastructure of NPS lands. PMID:12180183

  13. [Experience and discussion on the national standard Standardized Manipulation of Acupuncture and Moxibustion. Part 8: Intradermal Needle].

    PubMed

    Luo, Ling; Yuan, Cheng-Kai; Yin, Hai-Yan; Zeng, Fang; Tang, Yong; Yu, Shu-Guang

    2012-02-01

    Standardized Manipulation of Acupuncture and Moxibustion Part 8: Intradermal Needle was compiled with the following principles. The compiling standard, technical features and clinic manipulations of intradermal needle were taken as the basic principle for compiling. Literature research, expert survey and clinic practice verification were applied as the drafting methods. The key issues were focused on the relationship between standardization and individualization, normalization and effectiveness, qualification and quantification. And the postural selection, reinforcing and reducing manipulations, fixing materials and embedding duration involved in intradermal needling were emphasized particularly. At the same time, details and the future way of thinking of intradermal needle were expounded in this article as well. PMID:22493924

  14. Standardizing

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This page, created by Statisical Literacy.com, contains a short article on Simpson'Â?Â?s Paradox with an example of how standardizing changes the results. It also contains links to other "real world" articles on Simpson'Â?Â?s Paradox, including a newspaper article illustrating that this topic is timely. The site features a few graphs to help better represent the concept. Overall, this is a brief but useful explanation of this concept.

  15. The Need of Terahertz Cameras for Standardizing Sensitivity Measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oda, Naoki; Hosako, Iwao; Ishi, Tsutomu; Minamide, Hiroaki; Otani, Chiko; Sekine, Norihiko

    2014-08-01

    The applicability of a blackbody source to sensitivity measurements and calibration of an uncooled Terahertz (THz) focal plane array (FPA) is discussed, but the combination of a blackbody source and a band-pass filter may not be suitable for these purposes. Two ways to measure the minimum detectable power (MDP) of uncooled THz-FPAs are described and compared when used with strong THz sources such as a quantum cascade laser (QCL). The MDP is defined as the radiant power that produces a signal-to-noise ratio of unity in the output of a THz imager that uses a THz-FPA operating at a TV frame rate. One method (method 1) is based on the hypothesis that the beam pattern of the THz source is close to a Gaussian pattern. In another method (method 2), the signal level of the background in an image that does not contain a THz source is subtracted from the signal of the image. While method 2 is more flexible, how large the signals coming from THz source should be, as compared with the noise level, remains to be defined. Finally, based on issues with the current non-uniformity correction (NUC) technique, specifications are proposed for THz source power and wobbling technique to obtain uniform illumination for an ideal NUC technique.

  16. Laser guide star measurements at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect

    Friedman, H.; Avicola, K.; Bissinger, H.; Brase, J.; Duff, J.; Gavel, D.; Horton, J.; Max, C.; Olivier, S.; Rapp, D.; Salmon, T.; Smauley, D.; Waltjen, K.

    1993-02-01

    Recent studies from the Laser Guide Star Project at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory are presented. Photometry of the return signal has shown that the photon return is approximately 10 photons/cm{sup 2}ms at the pupil of the receiving telescope in agreement with a detailed model of the sodium interaction. Wavefronts of the laser guide star have also been measured with a Shack-Hartmann technique and power spectra have been shown to agree with those of nearby natural stars. Plans for closed loop demonstrations using the laser guide star at LLNL and nearby Lick Observatory are discussed.

  17. Relation between the national handbook of recommended methods for water data acquisition and ASTM standards

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Glysson, G. Douglas; Skinner, John V.

    1991-01-01

    In the late 1950's, intense demands for water and growing concerns about declines in the quality of water generated the need for more water-resources data. About thirty Federal agencies, hundreds of State, county and local agencies, and many private organizations had been collecting water data. However, because of differences in procedures and equipment, many of the data bases were incompatible. In 1964, as a step toward establishing more uniformity, the Bureau of the Budget (now the Office of Management and Budget, OMB) issued 'Circular A-67' which presented guidelines for collecting water data and also served as a catalyst for creating the Office of Water Data Coordination (OWDC) within the U.S. Geological Survey. This paper discusses past, present, and future aspects of the relation between methods in the National Handbook and standards published by ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) Committee D-19 on Water's Subcommittee D-19.07 on Sediment, Geomorphology, and Open Channel Flow. The discussion also covers historical aspects of standards - development work jointly conducted by OWDC and ASTM.

  18. Inquiry and the National Science Education Standards: A Guide for Teaching and Learning

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2000-01-01

    This book explores the dimensions of teaching and learning science as inquiry for K-12 students across a range of science topics. Detailed examples help clarify when teachers should use the inquiry-based approach and how much structure, guidance, and coaching they should provide. The book dispels myths that may have discouraged educators from the inquiry-based approach and illuminates the subtle interplay between concepts, processes, and science as it is experienced in the classroom. Inquiry and the National Science Education Standards shows how to bring the standards to life, with features such as classroom vignettes exploring different kinds of inquiries for elementary, middle, and high school and Frequently Asked Questions for teachers, responding to common concerns such as obtaining teaching supplies. Turning to assessment, the committee discusses why assessment is important, looks at existing schemes and formats, and addresses how to involve students in assessing their own learning achievements. In addition, this book discusses administrative assistance, communication with parents, appropriate teacher evaluation, and other avenues to promoting and supporting this new teaching paradigm.

  19. Adherence of pain assessment to the German national standard for pain management in 12 nursing homes

    PubMed Central

    Osterbrink, Jürgen; Bauer, Zsuzsa; Mitterlehner, Barbara; Gnass, Irmela; Kutschar, Patrick

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Pain is very common among nursing home residents. The assessment of pain is a prerequisite for effective multiprofessional pain management. Within the framework of the German health services research project, ‘Action Alliance Pain-Free City Muenster’, the authors investigated pain assessment adherence according to the German national Expert Standard for Pain Management in Nursing, which is a general standard applicable to all chronic/acute pain-affected persons and highly recommended for practice. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the state of pain assessment and to identify need for improvement in 12 nursing homes in a German city. METHODS: In the present study, the authors used an ex-post-facto design (survey methodology). Available written policies for routine pain assessment in residents ?65 years of age were reviewed and a standardized online survey completed by 151 of 349 nurses in 12 nursing home facilities was conducted between September 2010 and April 2011. RESULTS: Most of the included nursing homes provided written policies for pain assessment, and the majority of nurses reported that they assess and regularly reassess pain. However, observational tools for residents with severe cognitive impairment and written reassessment schedules were lacking in many facilities or were inconsistent. CONCLUSIONS: Essentially, pain assessment appeared to be feasible in the majority of the German nursing homes studied. However, the absence or inconsistency of reassessment schedules indicate that pain management guidelines should include a detailed and explicit reassessment schedule for the heterogenic needs of nursing home residents. For residents with severe cognitive impairment, assessment tools are needed that are simple to use and clearly indicate the presence or absence of pain. PMID:24851238

  20. Design and realization of the high-precision weighing systems as the gravimetric references in PTB's national water flow standard

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Engel, Rainer; Beyer, Karlheinz; Baade, Hans-Joachim

    2012-07-01

    PTB's ‘Hydrodynamic Test Field’, which represents a high-accuracy water flow calibration facility, serves as the national primary standard for liquid flow measurands. As the core reference device of this flow facility, a gravimetric standard has been incorporated, which comprises three special-design weighing systems: 300 kg, 3 tons and 30 tons. These gravimetric references were realized as a combination of a strain-gauge-based and an electromagnetic-force-compensation load-cell-based balance, each. Special emphasis had to be placed upon the dynamics design of the whole weighing system, due to the high measurement resolution and the dynamic behavior of the weighing systems, which are dynamically affected by mechanical vibrations caused by environmental impacts, flow machinery operation, flow noise in the pipework and induced wave motions in the weigh tanks. Taking into account all the above boundary conditions, the design work for the gravimetric reference resulted in a concrete foundation ‘rock’ of some 300 tons that rests on a number of vibration isolators. In addition to these passively operating vibration isolators, the vibration damping effect is enhanced by applying an electronic level regulation device.

  1. ASTM international workshop on standards and measurements for tissue engineering scaffolds.

    PubMed

    Simon, Carl G; Yaszemski, Michael J; Ratcliffe, Anthony; Tomlins, Paul; Luginbuehl, Reto; Tesk, John A

    2015-07-01

    The "Workshop on Standards & Measurements for Tissue Engineering Scaffolds" was held on May 21, 2013 in Indianapolis, IN, and was sponsored by the ASTM International (ASTM). The purpose of the workshop was to identify the highest priority items for future standards work for scaffolds used in the development and manufacture of tissue engineered medical products (TEMPs). Eighteen speakers and 78 attendees met to assess current scaffold standards and to prioritize needs for future standards. A key finding was that the ASTM TEMPs subcommittees (F04.41-46) have many active "guide" documents for educational purposes, but few standard "test methods" or "practices." Overwhelmingly, the most clearly identified need was standards for measuring the structure of scaffolds, followed by standards for biological characterization, including in vitro testing, animal models and cell-material interactions. The third most pressing need was to develop standards for assessing the mechanical properties of scaffolds. Additional needs included standards for assessing scaffold degradation, clinical outcomes with scaffolds, effects of sterilization on scaffolds, scaffold composition, and drug release from scaffolds. Discussions highlighted the need for additional scaffold reference materials and the need to use them for measurement traceability. Workshop participants emphasized the need to promote the use of standards in scaffold fabrication, characterization, and commercialization. Finally, participants noted that standards would be more broadly accepted if their impact in the TEMPs community could be quantified. Many scaffold standard needs have been identified and focus is turning to generating these standards to support the use of scaffolds in TEMPs. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 103B: 949-959, 2015. PMID:25220952

  2. Ouality and performance measurement: national efforts to improve quality of care through measurement development.

    PubMed

    Quraishi, Jihan; Jordan, Lorraine

    2014-06-01

    The US Department of Health and Human Services created the National Quality Strategy to provide a framework to focus providers and organizations in achieving greater impact around better care, healthy people and communites, and affordable care. Providing incentive programs around quality measurement is one mechanism used to achieve these aims. Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) should begin to familiarize themselves with the consensus development process used in measurement development and the importance of measurement endorsement through the National Quality Forum. Additionally, CRNAs should become familiar with what Physician Quality Reporting System (PORS) measures CRNAs are currently using in anesthesia and the 2015 payment adjustments one may face if not currently reporting to the PORS. PMID:25109155

  3. A 10-year review of quality improvement monitoring in pain management: Recommendations for standardized outcome measures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Debra B. Gordon; Teresa A. Pellino; Christine Miaskowski; Jeanette Adams McNeill; Judith A. Paice; Daniel Laferriere; Marilyn Bookbinder

    2002-01-01

    Quality measurement in health care is complex and in a constant state of evolution. Different approaches are necessary depending on the purpose of the measurement (e.g., accountability, research, improvement). Recent changes in health care accreditation standards are driving increased attention to measurement of the quality of pain management for improvement purposes. The purpose of this article is to determine what

  4. The current status of Acoustics, Ultrasound and Vibration measurement standards at AIST\\/NMIJ

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Takashi USUDA

    Acoustics, Ultrasound and Vibration measurement standards in Japan. There are two sections namely, Acoustics and Ultrasonics Section, and Vibration and Hardness Section. Acoustics and Ultrasonics Section investigates on precise acoustic measurement technology including airbone ultrasound and infrasound which are related to human auditory, noise pollution and safety. The precise ultrasonic measurement techniques related mainly to medical applications including ultrasonic power

  5. Differences between domestic accounting standards and IAS: Measurement, determinants and implications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yuan Ding; Ole-Kristian Hope; Thomas Jeanjean; Hervé Stolowy

    2007-01-01

    This study analyzes determinants and effects of differences between Domestic Accounting Standards (DAS) and International Accounting Standards (IAS). We use an extensive list of differences between DAS and IAS to create two indices, absence and divergence. Absence measures the extent to which the rules regarding certain accounting issues are missing in DAS but are covered in IAS. Divergence applies in

  6. 76 FR 52737 - Oil and Natural Gas Sector: New Source Performance Standards and National Emission Standards for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-23

    ...functional considerations. In addition, the proposed rule...standards for new or modified storage vessels. The...concentration in the acid gas stream of at least...VI.B.5 below. In addition, we are proposing to...applicable to the new and modified facilities would...

  7. How Measuring the Planck Constant gets to an Electronic Kilogram Standard

    SciTech Connect

    Steiner, Richard

    2007-08-01

    The best measurement of the Planck constant is now derived from the watt balance method. This method measures mechanical power, in reference units of the kilogram (artifact mass standard), second (atomic clocks), and meter (lasers), in ratio to electrical power, in reference units of the volt (Josephson effect) and ohm (quantum Hall effect). Of these reference standards, only the kilogram is still an artifact standard. Thus a high precision measurement of the Planck constant is equivalent to monitoring the SI kilogram artifact, and may be used to redefine the kilogram. This talk will summarize the complexity of making a Planck constant measurement, where there are interesting aspects of basic physics that appear when the ultimate precision of the standards laboratory is applied to obtain an uncertainty of 20 parts in a billion.

  8. INTER-LABORATORY STUDY OF CELLULAR FLUORESCENCE INTENSITY MEASUREMENTS WITH FLUORESCEIN-LABELED MICROBEAD STANDARDS

    EPA Science Inventory

    To determine the precision of cellular fluorescence intensity (FI) measurements derived from labeled microbead standards, FI results were compared from 43 different flow cytometers in 34 laboratories. ll laboratories analyzed prepared aliquots of fluoresceinated calf thymocyte nu...

  9. Conditional standard error of measurement and personality scale scores: an investigation of classical test theory estimates with four MMPI scales

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert Saltstone; Colin Skinner; Paul Tremblay

    2001-01-01

    This study is a preliminary examination of the fit of three classical test theory models of standard error of measurement to selected personality scale (MMPI) score retest data. The three models compared are the conventional standard error of measurement formula, Lord’s (1955: Lord, F. M. (1955). Estimating test reliability. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 15, 325–336) conditional standard error of measurement

  10. 77 FR 20217 - Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen and Sulfur

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-03

    ...effects on soils, water, crops, vegetation...standard would apply everywhere, it would be structured...representativeness of water bodies within a defined...standard would be applicable everywhere; however, factors...would essentially be a water quality standard,...

  11. 76 FR 42052 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants From Petroleum Refineries

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-18

    ...Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants From Petroleum Refineries AGENCY: Environmental Protection...Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants From Petroleum Refineries. EPA is now providing final...Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants From Petroleum Refineries, and the signed rule...

  12. Round-robin measurements of two candidate materials for a Seebeck coefficient Standard Reference Material™

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lowhorn, N. D.; Wong-Ng, W.; Zhang, W.; Lu, Z. Q.; Otani, M.; Thomas, E.; Green, M.; Tran, T. N.; Dilley, N.; Ghamaty, S.; Elsner, N.; Hogan, T.; Downey, A. D.; Jie, Q.; Li, Q.; Obara, H.; Sharp, J.; Caylor, C.; Venkatasubramanian, R.; Willigan, R.; Yang, J.; Martin, J.; Nolas, G.; Edwards, B.; Tritt, T.

    2009-02-01

    A Standard Reference Material (SRM™) for the Seebeck coefficient is critical for inter-laboratory data comparison and for instrument calibration. To develop this SRM™, we have conducted an international round-robin measurement survey of two candidate materials—undoped Bi2Te3 and constantan (55% Cu and 45% Ni alloy). Measurements were performed in two rounds by twelve laboratories involved in active thermoelectric research using a number of commercial and custom-built measurement systems and techniques. We report the results of these measurements and the statistical analysis performed. Based on this extensive study, we have selected Bi2Te3 as the prototype standard material.

  13. Investigation of Standardized Patient Ratings of Humanistic Competence on a Medical Licensure Examination Using Many-Facet Rasch Measurement and Generalizability Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Xiuyuan; Roberts, William L.

    2013-01-01

    Humanistic doctor-patient interaction has been measured for eight years using the Global Patient Assessment (GPA) tool in the national osteopathic clinical skills medical licensure examination. Standardized patients (SPs) apply the GPA tool to rate examinees' competence on doctor-patient communication, interpersonal skills, and…

  14. Extending the frequency range of the National Physical Laboratory primary standard laser interferometer for hydrophone calibrations to 80 MHz.

    PubMed

    Esward, T J; Robinson, S P

    1999-01-01

    A method for the primary calibration of hydrophones in the frequency range up to 60 MHz is described. The current National Physical Laboratory (NPL) primary standard method of calibrating ultrasonic hydrophones from 500 kHz to 20 MHz is based on optical interferometry. The acoustic field produced by a transducer is detected by an acoustically transparent but optically reflecting pellicle. Optical interferometric measurements of pellicle displacement at discrete frequencies in tone-burst fields are converted to acoustic pressure, and the hydrophone for calibration is substituted at the same point, allowing sensitivity in volts per pascal to be obtained directly. For calibrations up to 60 MHz, the interferometer is capable of measuring the displacement of the pellicle as a function of frequency in a harmonically rich nonlinear field up to and including the 12th harmonic of the shocked field generated by a 5 MHz focusing transducer, allowing hydrophones to be calibrated by substitution in the same field. Sources of uncertainty in the new method have been investigated. Best combined random and systematic uncertainties at the 95% confidence level for the new method are 7% at 20 MHz, 11% at 40 MHz, and 16% at 60 MHz. PMID:18238474

  15. The use of standard contracts in the English National Health Service: a case study analysis.

    PubMed

    Petsoulas, Christina; Allen, Pauline; Hughes, David; Vincent-Jones, Peter; Roberts, Jennifer

    2011-07-01

    The use of contracts is vital to market transactions. The introduction of market reforms in health care in the U.K. and other developed countries twenty years ago meant greater use of contracts. In the U.K., health care contracting was widely researched in the 1990s. Yet, despite the changing policy context, the subject has attracted less interest in recent years. This paper seeks to fill a gap by reporting findings from a study of contracting in the English National Health Service (NHS) after the introduction of the national standard contract in 2007. By using economic and socio-legal theories and two case studies we examine the way in which the new contract was implemented in practice and the extent to which implementation conformed to policy intentions and to our theoretical predictions. Data were collected using non-participant observation of 36 contracting meetings, 24 semi-structured interviews, and analysis of documents. We found that despite efforts to introduce a more detailed ('complete') contract, in practice, purchasers and providers often reverted to a more relational style of contracting. Frequently reliance on the NHS hierarchy proved to be indispensable; in particular, formal dispute resolution was avoided and financial risk was re-allocated in compromises that sometimes ignored contractual provisions. Serious data deficiencies and shortages of skilled personnel still caused major difficulties. We conclude that contracting for health care continues to raise serious problems, which may be exacerbated by the impending transfer of responsibility to groups of general practitioners (GPs) who generally lack experience and expertise in large-scale, secondary care contracting. PMID:21684643

  16. Clinical transfusion practice update: haemovigilance, complications, patient blood management and national standards.

    PubMed

    Engelbrecht, Sunelle; Wood, Erica M; Cole-Sinclair, Merrole F

    2013-09-16

    Blood transfusion is not without risk. Although the risks of HIV and hepatitis transmission have diminished, haemovigilance programs highlight that other significant transfusion hazards remain. Sepsis from bacterial contamination is the most common residual infectious hazard in developed countries, and events due to clerical error are problematic. Unnecessary transfusions should be avoided. New national guidelines on patient blood management (PBM) emphasise holistic approaches, including strategies to reduce transfusion requirements. Perioperative PBM should incorporate preoperative haemoglobin and medication optimisation, intraoperative blood conservation, and consideration of restrictive postoperative transfusion and cell-salvage techniques. When massive transfusion is required, hospitals should implement massive transfusion protocols. These protocols reduce mortality, improve communication and facilitate adequate provision of blood products. They should include multidisciplinary team involvement and guidelines for use of blood components and adjunctive agents. Although fresh frozen plasma to red blood cell and platelet to red blood cell ratios of ? 1 : 2 appear to reduce mortality in trauma patients who receive massive transfusion, there is insufficient evidence to recommend specific ratios. Systematic reviews have found no significant benefit of recombinant activated factor VII in critical bleeding, and an increase in thromboembolic events; specialist haematology advice is therefore recommended when considering use of this agent. The National Safety and Quality Health Service Standards address use of blood and blood products, and provide important transfusion principles for adoption by all clinicians. Storage of red cells in additive solution results in changes, known as the "storage lesion", and studies to determine the clinical effect of the age of blood at transfusion are ongoing. PMID:24033212

  17. Method for Standardizing Sonic-Boom Model Pressure Signatures Measured at Several Wind-Tunnel Facilities

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mack, Robert J.

    2007-01-01

    Low-boom model pressure signatures are often measured at two or more wind-tunnel facilities. Preliminary measurements are made at small separation distances in a wind tunnel close at hand, and a second set of pressure signatures is measured at larger separation distances in a wind-tunnel facility with a larger test section. In this report, a method for correcting and standardizing the wind-tunnel-measured pressure signatures obtained in different wind tunnel facilities is presented and discussed.

  18. Impact of the U.S. National Building Information Model Standard (NBIMS) on Building Energy Performance Simulation

    SciTech Connect

    Bazjanac, Vladimir

    2007-08-01

    The U.S. National Institute for Building Sciences (NIBS) started the development of the National Building Information Model Standard (NBIMS). Its goal is to define standard sets of data required to describe any given building in necessary detail so that any given AECO industry discipline application can find needed data at any point in the building lifecycle. This will include all data that are used in or are pertinent to building energy performance simulation and analysis. This paper describes the background that lead to the development of NBIMS, its goals and development methodology, its Part 1 (Version 1.0), and its probable impact on building energy performance simulation and analysis.

  19. Standard test method for measurement of oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) of soil

    E-print Network

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2009-01-01

    1.1 This test method covers a procedure and related test equipment for measuring oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) of soil samples removed from the ground. 1.2 The procedure in Section 9 is appropriate for field and laboratory measurements. 1.3 Accurate measurement of oxidation-reduction potential aids in the analysis of soil corrosivity and its impact on buried metallic structure corrosion rates. 1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

  20. Wing Twist Measurements at the National Transonic Facility

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Burner, Alpheus W.; Wahls, Richard A.; Goad, William K.

    1996-01-01

    A technique for measuring wing twist currently in use at the National Transonic Facility is described. The technique is based upon a single camera photogrammetric determination of two dimensional coordinates with a fixed (and known) third dimensional coordinate. The wing twist is found from a conformal transformation between wind-on and wind-off 2-D coordinates in the plane of rotation. The advantages and limitations of the technique as well as the rationale for selection of this particular technique are discussed. Examples are presented to illustrate run-to-run and test-to-test repeatability of the technique in air mode. Examples of wing twist in cryogenic nitrogen mode are also presented.