Sample records for national measurement standards

  1. Photomask Iinewidth Measurement Correlation Techniques Using The Standard Reference Material (SRM) 474 National Bureau Of Standards (NBS) Linewidth Standard

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Caprari, F.

    1982-10-01

    During 1980, the Photomask Technology Operations activity at the RCA Solid State Division at Somerville, N.J., initiated a program entitled "Metrology Techniques for Linewidth Measurements." The purpose of this program was to improve accuracy, precision, and correlation of linewidth measurements on photomasks. With the cooperation of the NBS (National Bureau of Standards) Dimensional Metrology Semiconductor Materials and Processes Division, this program reached an advanced state of development. Correlation tests between the video image-scanning system used by the RCA Photomask Technology Operations and an optical image-scanning system used by Qualitron, Danbury, CT. indicate the overall linewidth measurement error to be within +/- 0.1 micrometer. This error includes the +/- 0.05 micrometer uncertainty of the NBS SRM 474 standard. Routine production correlation linewidth measurements between the ITP Mark II and ITP Mark III Video Image-Scanning Systems show the uncertainty (systematic and random error) to be within +/- 0.05 micrometers at an 87% acceptance level.

  2. [Spectrum analysis and measurment research on visual density of the national standard densitometer].

    PubMed

    Liu, Zi-Long; Chen, Rui; Liao, Ning-Fang; Li, Zai-Qing; Wang, Yu

    2012-12-01

    Visual density is an important index for the estimation of photographic film and visual photo. The development of biomedical image and macromolecule image needs high measurement uncertainty of visual density in spectrum characteristic. The ISO standard of visual density measurement conditions was modified in 2001. A series of equipments designed for densitometer enhance the spectral matching between the national standard densitometer and the ISO standard function. And a new measurement formula is given based on theory analysis. According to the measurement data and uncertainty analysis, the combined uncertainties are 0.001 1 (0 < D < 4.0) and 0.003 1 (4.0 < or = D < 6.0). PMID:23427559

  3. Groove depth measurements on roughness reference standards of the Croatian National Laboratory for Length (LFSB)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barši?, Gorana; Mahovi?, Sanjin; Bartolo Picotto, Gian; Amer, Mohamed A.; Runje, Biserka

    2011-09-01

    In the Laboratory for Precise Measurements of Length, LFSB, which is now the Croatian National Laboratory for Length, unique roughness reference standards were developed in the year 1986. Because of the world-class quality of those standards and their measuring features, the same were sold in several European countries, and today they, among others, are used as roughness reference standards in Italy, Slovenia and Croatia. However, especially in the last decade, there was significant progress in the field of nanotechnology that led to the development of new measuring equipment. The above-mentioned standards due to their size, production technology and measuring features cannot fully meet metrological requirements in the field of nanometrology, i.e. they are not compatible with scanning probe microscopes. Therefore, it was decided to search for possible limitations in the procedure of groove depth measurements on the LFSB standards. In order to include as many measuring devices as possible, i.e. measurement methods, in this research, in 2008 the LFSB launched EURAMET Project 1012 'Limitations of methods for measuring the depth of the groove' in collaboration with national metrology institutes of Italy and Egypt. In this paper the results of measurements performed within the project are presented, and based on the obtained results, the advantages and limitations of the LFSB standards have been discussed, with recommendations for their improvement.

  4. National Science Education Standards

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This book provides lists of national education standards from the National Academy of Science. It was created by contributions from science educators, scientists, and experts from across the country. These provide science literacy standards, offer proven teaching practices, and outline classroom and district level curriculum design. The book can be purchased from the National Academies Press or read here for free by selecting sections from the Table of Contents.

  5. National Energy Efficiency Evaluation, Measurement and Verification (EM&V) Standard: Scoping Study of Issues and Implementation Requirements

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven R. Schiller; Charles A. Goldman; Elsia Galawish

    2011-01-01

    This report is a scoping study that identifies issues associated with developing a national evaluation, measurement and verification (EM&V) standard for end-use, non-transportation, energy efficiency activities. The objectives of this study are to identify the scope of such a standard and define EM&V requirements and issues that will need to be addressed in a standard. To explore these issues, we

  6. REASSESSMENT OF HOUSEHOLD MEASURES AND WEIGHTS FOR SELECTED FRUIT IN THE USDA NATIONAL NUTRIENT DATABASE FOR STANDARD REFERENCE

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference (SR) includes common household measures with corresponding gram weights for most food items. These weights and measures are important for dietitians, researchers, educators, and consumers to help estimate the nutrient content in a specified...

  7. National Energy Efficiency Evaluation, Measurement and Verification (EM&V) Standard: Scoping Study of Issues and Implementation Requirements

    SciTech Connect

    Schiller Consulting, Inc.; Schiller, Steven R.; Goldman, Charles A.; Galawish, Elsia

    2011-02-04

    This report is a scoping study that identifies issues associated with developing a national evaluation, measurement and verification (EM&V) standard for end-use, non-transportation, energy efficiency activities. The objectives of this study are to identify the scope of such a standard and define EM&V requirements and issues that will need to be addressed in a standard. To explore these issues, we provide and discuss: (1) a set of definitions applicable to an EM&V standard; (2) a literature review of existing guidelines, standards, and 'initiatives' relating to EM&V standards as well as a review of 'bottom-up' versus 'top-down' evaluation approaches; (3) a summary of EM&V related provisions of two recent federal legislative proposals (Congressman Waxman's and Markey's American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 and Senator Bingaman's American Clean Energy Leadership Act of 2009) that include national efficiency resource requirements; (4) an annotated list of issues that that are likely to be central to, and need to be considered when, developing a national EM&V standard; and (5) a discussion of the implications of such issues. There are three primary reasons for developing a national efficiency EM&V standard. First, some policy makers, regulators and practitioners believe that a national standard would streamline EM&V implementation, reduce costs and complexity, and improve comparability of results across jurisdictions; although there are benefits associated with each jurisdiction setting its own EM&V requirements based on their specific portfolio and evaluation budgets and objectives. Secondly, if energy efficiency is determined by the US Environmental Protection Agency to be a Best Available Control Technology (BACT) for avoiding criteria pollutant and/or greenhouse gas emissions, then a standard can be required for documenting the emission reductions resulting from efficiency actions. The third reason for a national EM&V standard is that such a standard is likely to be required as a result of future federal energy legislation that includes end-use energy efficiency, either as a stand-alone energy-efficiency resource standard (EERS) or as part of a clean energy or renewable energy standard. This study is focused primarily on this third reason and thus explores issues associated with a national EM&V standard if energy efficiency is a qualifying resource in federal clean energy legislation. Developing a national EM&V standard is likely to be a lengthy process; this study focuses on the critical first step of identifying the issues that must be addressed in a future standard. Perhaps the most fundamental of these issues is 'how good is good enough?' This has always been the fundamental issue of EM&V for energy efficiency and is a result of the counter-factual nature of efficiency. Counter-factual in that savings are not measured, but estimated to varying degrees of accuracy by comparing energy consumption after a project (program) is implemented with what is assumed to have been the consumption of energy in the absence of the project (program). Therefore, the how good is good enough question is a short version of asking how certain does one have to be of the energy savings estimate that results from EM&V activities and is that level of certainty properly balanced against the amount of effort (resources, time, money) that is utilized to obtain that level of certainty. The implication is that not only should energy efficiency investments be cost-effective, but EM&V investments should consider risk management principles and thus also balance the costs and value of information derived from EM&V (EM&V should also be cost-effective).

  8. Standards for holdup measurement

    SciTech Connect

    Zucker, M.S.

    1982-01-01

    Holdup measurement, needed for material balance, depend intensively on standards and on interpretation of the calibration procedure. More than other measurements, the calibration procedure using the standard becomes part of the standard. Standards practical for field use and calibration techniques have been developed. While accuracy in holdup measurements is comparatively poor, avoidance of bias is a necessary goal.

  9. Radium Standardization at the National Physical Laboratory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Christmas, P.; Cross, P.

    1983-01-01

    An account is given of radium measurements at the National Physical Laboratory from 1912, when the first British National Radium Standard was established, up to the present time. The implementation of a new method for the calibration of radium standards is described. This method is based upon germanium gamma-ray spectrometry used in conjunction with a well-characterized secondary standard, and it assures in the long term the continued traceability of NPL radium measurements to the 1934 British National Radium Standard of Hönigschmid.

  10. COOMET regional comparison of national measurement standards of air kerma for 137Cs ? radiation at protection level

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Büermann, L.; Oborin, A. V.; Milevsky, V. S.; Walwyn Salas, G.; Sukhishvili, S.; Ginga, I.; Ivanov, R.; Gudelis, A.; Gomola, I.

    2014-01-01

    Results are presented of the COOMET supplementary comparison of the national measurement standards for air kerma in 137Cs ? radiation at protection level (~10 mGy/h). Ten National Metrology Institutes from the COOMET organization and the International Atomic Energy Agency participated in this COOMET project no. 445. The PTB acted as pilot laboratory. Two of the participants, the SMU (Slovakia) and the NSC-'IM' (Ukraine) participated in the measurements but did not submit a valid report of results. The comparison reference value (CRV) was obtained as the mean result of the PTB and the VNIIM, both of which had previously taken part in the key comparison BIPM-RI(I)-K5. The degree of equivalence with the CRV was evaluated. The results were consistent within the relative standard uncertainties of the comparison ranging from 0.28% to 1.3% and deviated from the CRV by less than 1%. Main text. To reach the main text of this paper, click on Final Report. Note that this text is that which appears in Appendix B of the BIPM key comparison database kcdb.bipm.org/. The final report has been peer-reviewed and approved for publication by the CCRI, according to the provisions of the CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement (CIPM MRA).

  11. The National Science Education Standards

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Audrey B. Champagne

    2000-01-01

    The authors use the 1992 challenge from the National Committee on Science Education Standards and Assessment to frame the discussion in this article. Here is their challenge: . . . [C]reate a vision for the scientifically literate person and

  12. International Lessons about National Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidt, William H.; Houang, Richard; Shakrani, Sharif

    2009-01-01

    Whether to adopt national standards and tests has long been a subject of lively debate in the United States. With 47 states now participating in the Common Core State Standards Initiative, and a commitment from Education Secretary Arne Duncan to allocate hundreds of millions in stimulus funds to the development of common tests, the country is…

  13. The National Visual Arts Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Art Education Association, 1994

    1994-01-01

    The "National Visual Arts Standards" form the basis for providing depth of knowledge and achievement in art for all students throughout their education and for developing effective art programs in all schools throughout the U.S. These standards offer one road map for competence and educational effectiveness, but without casting a mold into which…

  14. KEY COMPARISON: COOMET.RI(I)-K1 comparison of national measurement standards of air kerma for 60Co ? radiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Büermann, L.; Oborin, A. V.; Dobrovosky, J.; Milevsky, V. S.; Walwyn Salas, G.; Lapenas, A.

    2009-01-01

    Results are presented of the COOMET key comparison of the national measurement standards of air kerma for 60Co ? radiation. Participants of the comparison were PTB (Germany, pilot institute), VNIIM (Russia), SMU (Slovakia), BelGIM (Belarus), CPHR (Cuba) and RMTC (Latvia). PTB, VNIIM and SMU had previously taken part in a key comparison with the Bureau International de Poids et Mesures (BIPM) and operated as link laboratories in order to evaluate the degree of equivalence of the participants' results with the key comparison reference value. These data form the basis of the results entered into the BIPM key comparison database for comparison COOMET.RI(I)-K1. Main text. To reach the main text of this paper, click on Final Report. Note that this text is that which appears in Appendix B of the BIPM key comparison database kcdb.bipm.org/. The final report has been peer-reviewed and approved for publication by the CCRI Section I, according to the provisions of the CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA).

  15. National Green Building Standard Analysis

    SciTech Connect

    NAHB Research Center, Upper Marlboro, Maryland

    2012-07-01

    DOE's Building America Program is a research and development program to improve the energy performance of new and existing homes. The ultimate goal of the Building America Program is to achieve examples of cost-effective, energy efficient solutions for all U.S. climate zones. Periodic maintenance of an ANSI standard by review of the entire document and action to revise or reaffirm it on a schedule not to exceed five years is required by ANSI. In compliance, a consensus group has once again been formed and the National Green Building Standard is currently being reviewed to comply with the periodic maintenance requirement of an ANSI standard.

  16. International Standardization of Bed Rest Standard Measures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cromwell, Ronita L.

    2010-01-01

    This slide presentation gives an overview of the standardization of bed rest measures. The International Countermeasures Working Group attempted to define and agree internationally on standard measurements for spaceflight based bed rest studies. The group identified the experts amongst several stakeholder agencys. It included information on exercise, muscle, neurological, psychological, bone and cardiovascular measures.

  17. Information Technology: American National Standard for

    E-print Network

    Information Technology: American National Standard for Information Systems-- Data Format Publication 500-245 Information Technology: American National Standard for Information Systems-- Data Format for the Interchange of Fingerprint, Facial, & Scar Mark & Tattoo (SMT) Information Sponsored by Information Technology

  18. Status of conversion of NE standards to national consensus standards

    SciTech Connect

    Jennings, S.D.

    1990-06-01

    One major goal of the Nuclear Standards Program is to convert existing NE standards into national consensus standards (where possible). This means that an NE standard in the same subject area using the national consensus process. This report is a summary of the activities that have evolved to effect conversion of NE standards to national consensus standards, and the status of current conversion activities. In some cases, all requirements in an NE standard will not be incorporated into the published national consensus standard because these requirements may be considered too restrictive or too specific for broader application by the nuclear industry. If these requirements are considered necessary for nuclear reactor program applications, the program standard will be revised and issued as a supplement to the national consensus standard. The supplemental program standard will contain only those necessary requirements not reflected by the national consensus standard. Therefore, while complete conversion of program standards may not always be realized, the standards policy has been fully supported in attempting to make maximum use of the national consensus standard. 1 tab.

  19. The Controversy on National Standards for History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapin, June R.

    This paper examines the controversy generated by the 1994 release of the "National Standards for United States History: Exploring the American Experience (5-12)" and "National Standards for World History: Exploring Paths to the Present (5-12)." The standards engendered protests as conservatives and others charged that it was a "politically…

  20. NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY/ NATIONAL COMPUTER SECURITY CENTER

    E-print Network

    National Bank Virgil Gibson GrumannData Systems Dennis Gilbert National Institute of Standards and Technology Irene Gilbert National Institute of Standards and Technology Captain James Goldston, USAF AFCSC Dr. Carl Landwehr Robert lau Dr. Theodore M.P. lee Steven B. lipner Teresa lunt Dr. William V

  1. NSSN: A National Resource for Global Standards

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) provides this National Standards Systems Network database, a searchable interface to bibliographic information about more than 225,000 approved standards. The basic search interface supports title and document number queries. Information returned includes title, document number, whether or not there is an ANSI approved standard, and ordering information. The search help applies to an enhanced version of the search interface that is fee based.

  2. National Standards: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leavitt, Lynda B.; Kania-Gosche, Beth

    2010-01-01

    What is meant by the term "standards"? This article will use the definition of the National Academy of Sciences for their workshop on Assessing the Role of K-12 Academic Standards, "generally used to refer to both content standards, which describe material that students should be expected to learn, and performance standards, which…

  3. Nanoscale Stress Measurements and Standards

    E-print Network

    Magee, Joseph W.

    Nanoscale Stress Measurements and Standards SEMICONDUCTORS Our objective is to develop accurate measurement methods for the nanoscale stress distributions and surface defects that control device performance % CAGR and 41 % US share. · Measurement of stress distributions around transistors in semiconductor

  4. NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY/ NATIONAL COMPUTER SECURITY CENTER

    E-print Network

    Systems Dennis Gilbert National Institute ofStandards and Technology Irene Gilbert National Institute of Steven B. lipner Teresa lunt Dr. William V. Maconachy Sally Meglathery Dr. Jonathan Millen Warren Monroe

  5. Coordinate Standard Measurement Development

    SciTech Connect

    Hanshaw, R.A.

    2000-02-18

    A Shelton Precision Interferometer Base, which is used for calibration of coordinate standards, was improved through hardware replacement, software geometry error correction, and reduction of vibration effects. Substantial increases in resolution and reliability, as well as reduction in sampling time, were achieved through hardware replacement; vibration effects were reduced substantially through modification of the machine component dampening and software routines; and the majority of the machine's geometry error was corrected through software geometry error correction. Because of these modifications, the uncertainty of coordinate standards calibrated on this device has been reduced dramatically.

  6. National Academic Standards. Information Capsule. Volume 0903

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blazer, Christie

    2009-01-01

    Currently, every state has its own set of academic standards, but that may soon change. The National Governors Association and the Council of Chief State School Officers are spearheading a state-led process that will lead to the development and voluntary adoption of K-12 national reading and math standards. Forty-six states and the District of…

  7. Material Measurement The nation's reference laboratory for measurements

    E-print Network

    Material Measurement Laboratory The nation's reference laboratory for measurements in the chemical, biological and material sciences #12;The mission of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST metrology labs, the Physical Measurement Laboratory and the Material Measurement Labora- tory; two technical

  8. National Agenda for Hydrogen Codes and Standards

    SciTech Connect

    Blake, C.

    2010-05-01

    This paper provides an overview of hydrogen codes and standards with an emphasis on the national effort supported and managed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). With the help and cooperation of standards and model code development organizations, industry, and other interested parties, DOE has established a coordinated national agenda for hydrogen and fuel cell codes and standards. With the adoption of the Research, Development, and Demonstration Roadmap and with its implementation through the Codes and Standards Technical Team, DOE helps strengthen the scientific basis for requirements incorporated in codes and standards that, in turn, will facilitate international market receptivity for hydrogen and fuel cell technologies.

  9. The New National Standards for Music Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shuler, Scott C.; Norgaard, Martin; Blakeslee, Michael J.

    2014-01-01

    Hundreds of educators contributed to writing and reviewing the new National Core Music Standards over two years of development. Thousands more will find their professional lives shaped by these standards over decades to come. Three individuals involved in standards development explain.

  10. Implementing the National Standard for Spatial Data Accuracy (DRAFT)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Minnesota Planning has made available this Web version (.pdf format) of Implementing the National Standard for Spatial Data Accuracy. This report describes how "positional accuracy can be measured and reported for databases that contain geographic features like roads, rivers, and property lines." Sections included at the website are: Implementing the National Standard for Spatial Data Accuracy, Case study from the City of Minneapolis - Digital Orthophotos, Case study from the Washington County Parcel Database, Case study from the Lawrence Group - Twin Cities Metro Area Street Centerline Database, National Map Accuracy Standards, and accuracy statistic worksheets in Excel format. The user can also order a printed copy of this draft handbook.

  11. National Apprenticeship Standards for Automotive Service Councils.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.

    This booklet contains national apprenticeship standards for use by Automotive Service Councils in the training of future automotive mechanics, body repairmen, painters, and other specialized professional technicians. It begins with a brief presentation of apprenticeship policy. The major contents are provisions of standards on the following:…

  12. National Apprenticeship and Training Standards for Carpentry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Joint Carpentry Apprenticeship Committee, Washington, DC.

    The carpentry work standards contained in the guide cover basic requirements for effective apprenticeship and are offered to assist local organizations of contractors and journeymen in establishing local systems of apprenticeship and improving existing systems. Twenty-five items to be considered when adapting national standards to local use are…

  13. NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY! NATIONAL COMPUTER SECURITY CENTER

    E-print Network

    L. Dain Gary Carnegie Mellon University William Geer AFCSC Virgil Gibson Grumann Data Systems Dennis Gilbert National Institute of Standards and Technology Irene Gilbert National Institute of Frank Mayer Dr. Catherine Meadows Sally Meglathery William H. Murray Noel Nazario Dr. Peter Neumann Nick

  14. 50 CFR 600.320 - National Standard 3-Management Units.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false National Standard 3-Management Units. 600.320 Section 600...Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC... § 600.320 National Standard 3—Management Units. (a) Standard 3....

  15. Nanoscale Strength Measurements and Standards

    E-print Network

    Perkins, Richard A.

    conditions. Methods to fabricate, in- house, silicon (Si) test structures with deep reactive ion etchingNanoscale Strength Measurements and Standards CERAMICS To develop new mechanical test structures methods that enable device producers in the MEMS and NEMS industries to assess, predict, and optimize

  16. National Standards for Athletic Coaches. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brylinsky, Jody

    This digest asserts that the question of coach preparation and training has become a priority issue for many schools and communities, though the research is limited. It examines reasons to have coach education; the scope of sport participation; the status of coach education and training in the United States; National standards for coach education;…

  17. 78 FR 46117 - National Tunnel Inspection Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-30

    ...Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21), which requires the Secretary to...national standards for tunnel inspections. The MAP-21 requires that NTIS contain a number...incorporates the provisions required by MAP-21. This SNPRM proposes...

  18. National Standards for High School Psychology Curricula

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Psychologist, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The "National Standards for High School Psychology Curricula" attempts to represent current knowledge in the field of psychology in developmentally appropriate ways. Psychology is a popular high school course, one that can introduce students to scientific ideas and engage students in the learning process. However, it is difficult for even the best…

  19. 75 FR 19252 - Delegation of New Source Performance Standards and National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-14

    ...Performance Standards and National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air...Standards (NSPS) and National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air...Bulk Gasoline Terminals...Organic Compound (VOC) Yes. Emissions from the Polymer...

  20. The Movement for National Academic Standards: A Comparison of the Common Core State Standards Initiative in the USA and the National Curriculum in Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watt, Michael

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the nature of activities in the change process undertaken by two initiatives to produce national standards in academic disciplines, national assessments and accountability measures. The Common Core State Standards Initiative, a project coordinated by the National Governors Association and the Council of…

  1. As part of its continuing cloud computing series, the National Institute of Standards and Technology is hosting a new forum on Cloud and Mobility. Join experts in the fields of cloud, mobility, and measurement for thought-provoking

    E-print Network

    As part of its continuing cloud computing series, the National Institute of Standards and Technology is hosting a new forum on Cloud and Mobility. Join experts in the fields of cloud, mobility sessions, and networking. New Frontiers in IT and Measurement Science Rapid advances in mobile cloud

  2. 50 CFR 600.345 - National Standard 8-Communities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false National Standard 8-Communities. 600.345 Section 600.345 ...§ 600.345 National Standard 8—Communities. (a) Standard 8. Conservation...importance of fishery resources to fishing communities by utilizing economic and social...

  3. HSA Protocol: Appendix 1 National Vegetation Classification Standard (NVCS) 1 of 2 The National Vegetation Classification Standard (NVCS) was drafted in 1997. This standard will be

    E-print Network

    DeSante, David F.

    HSA Protocol: Appendix 1 National Vegetation Classification Standard (NVCS) 1 of 2 Background The National Vegetation Classification Standard (NVCS) was drafted in 1997. This standard will be adhered this standard. _________________________________________________________________________________ Vegetation

  4. Using National Standards to Improve K–8 Science Curriculum Materials

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary Koppal

    2008-01-01

    With increased emphasis on state standards and assessments in science, one might question whether there is still a role for national science standards and benchmarks. This article makes a case for the importance of national guidelines and identifies key functions performed by the National Research Council's National Science Ed­ ucation Standards and the American Association for the Advancement of Science's

  5. Hardness Standardization Our objective is to standardize and improve hardness measurement

    E-print Network

    Hardness Standardization METALS Our objective is to standardize and improve hardness measurement both in the U.S. and internationally. NIST is the U.S. National Metrology Institute (NMI) for hardness, and as such, is responsible for traceability in hardness measurements. Objective Impact and Customers

  6. Cross-Referencing National Standards in Personal Finance for Business Education with National Standards in Personal Finance Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gayton, Jorge

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which National Standards in Personal Finance for Business Education correlate with National Standards in Personal Finance Education. A content analysis revealed that the National Standards in Personal Finance for Business Education, established by the National Business Education Association…

  7. National Assessment Measuring American Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Compact, 1972

    1972-01-01

    A selection of articles on National Assessment of Educational Progress, which measures American education, is presented with varying points of view. The introductory editorial reflects on the progress of National Assessment in measuring learning and in achieving its goal of sound rational decisions about the future of American education. The…

  8. Activities of NIST (National Inst. of Standards and Technology)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    The Radiometric Physics Division of the NIST is responsible for the national standards in radiation thermometry, spectroradiometry, photometry, and spectrophotometry; dissemination of these standards by providing measurement services to customers requiring calibrations of the highest accuracy; and conducting fundamental and applied research to develop the scientific basis for future measurement services. Its relevance to EOS/TIR calibration includes calibrating unknown blackbody for radiance using a well-characterized NIST blackbody source by matching the radiant fluxes with an IR radiometer. The TIR Round Robin is used to verify the calibration of the sources that are used for the absolute radiometric calibration of the individual EOS sensors.

  9. New standards for ionizing radiation measurements

    SciTech Connect

    Lamperti, P.J.; Johnson, C.M.

    1995-12-31

    The Ionizing Radiation Division has developed new national standards for mammographic X rays and for brachytherapy sources, such as iodine-125. The Attix chamber, a variable volume free-air ionization chamber, has been established as the primary national standard for mammographic X rays. The Attix chamber resides in the newly developed NIST Mammography Calibration Range and will be used to perform routine calibrations. The wide-angle free-air ionization chamber utilizes a large volume and a novel electric field configuration in order to circumvent the limitations of conventional free-air chambers. Seventeen beam qualities for X rays from molybdenum (Mo) and rhodium (Rh) anodes have been parameterized for the calibration of mammographic ionization chambers. The beam qualities available include anode/filter combinations of Mo/Mo, Mo/Rh and Rh/Rh. The mammography range was developed in collaborations with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration`s (FDA) Center for Devices and Radiological Health, the implementors of the Mammography Quality Standards Act (MQSA) of 1992. The wide-angle free-air ionization chamber has been used to measure the output of two types of iodine-125 seeds, those with resin balls and those with silver wire. Both free-air chambers have been intercompared with the Ritz parallel-plate free-air ionization chamber.

  10. Clean air act and National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS)

    E-print Network

    Weber, Rodney

    Clean air act and National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) Ozone: Sources/Environmental Effects Particulates (PM): Sources/Environmental Effects #12;National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) The Clean Air Act requires EPA to set National Ambient Air Quality Standards for pollutants considered

  11. Topography measurements for correlations of standard cartridge cases

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vorburger, T. V.; Song, J.; Chu, W.; Renegar, T. B.; Zheng, A.; Yen, J.; Thompson, R. M.; Silver, R.; Bachrach, B.; Ols, M.

    2010-06-01

    The National Institute of Standards and Technology Standard Reference Materials (SRM) 2460 Standard Bullets and 2461 Standard Cartridge Cases are intended for use as check standards for crime laboratories to help verify that their computerized optical imaging equipment for ballistics image acquisitions and correlations is operating properly. Using topography measurements and cross-correlation methods, our earlier results for the SRM bullets and recent results for the SRM cartridge cases both demonstrate that the individual units of the SRMs are highly reproducible. Currently, we are developing procedures for topographic imaging of the firing pin impressions, breech face impressions, and ejector marks of the standard cartridge cases. The initial results lead us to conclude that all three areas can be measured accurately and routinely using confocal techniques. We are also nearing conclusion of a project with crime lab experts to test sets of both SRM cartridge cases and SRM bullets using the automated commercial systems of the National Integrated Ballistics Information Network.

  12. 77 FR 42988 - Updating OSHA Construction Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Head Protection...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-23

    ...OSHA-2011-0184] RIN 1218-AC65 Updating OSHA Construction Standards Based on National Consensus Standards...correcting a direct final rule (DFR) with regard to the construction industry head protection standards to eliminate...

  13. 77 FR 43018 - Updating OSHA Construction Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Head Protection...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-23

    ...OSHA-2011-0184] RIN 1218-AC65 Updating OSHA Construction Standards Based on National Consensus Standards...proposed rulemaking (NPRM) with regard to the construction industry head protection standards to eliminate...

  14. 77 FR 68684 - Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Head Protection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-16

    ...Based on National Consensus Standards; Head Protection AGENCY: Occupational Safety...its direct final rule that revises the Head Protection standards for general industry...in the Federal Register that revised its Head Protection standards for general...

  15. 77 FR 68717 - Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Head Protection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-16

    ...Based on National Consensus Standards; Head Protection AGENCY: Occupational Safety...accompanied its direct-final rule revising its Head Protection standards for general industry...update the incorporated references in its Head Protection standards for general...

  16. 77 FR 48129 - National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board Membership

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-13

    ...COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board Membership AGENCY: National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce. ACTION:...

  17. 78 FR 53729 - National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board Membership

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-30

    ...COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board Membership AGENCY: National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce. ACTION:...

  18. Nanoparticle Measurements and Standards for Biomedical and

    E-print Network

    Magee, Joseph W.

    for physical and biological characterization of nanoparticles for imaging, diagnosis and therapy. · New consensus standards for characterization of biomedical nanoparticles are currently under development within a nanoparticle measurement infrastructure. Standards In 2008 NIST issued its first "nano" reference materials

  19. Standardized meteorological measurements for LTER sites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Greenland, David

    1986-10-01

    Standards have been established for meteorological measurements at Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Sites. The LTER program is designed to allow for coherence in research over the long term and to recognize that many parts of ecosystems operate over a long time scale and show directionality and periodicity in ecosystems. The following LTER sites are funded in 5-year renewable funding periods and overseen by a central coordinating committee, consisting of the principal investigators for all sites, that supplies normal National Science Foundation peer review procedures: H. J. Andrews Experimental Forest, Oreg.; Cedar Creek Natural History Area, Minn.; Central Plains Experimental Range, Colo.; Coweeta Hydrological Laboratory, N.C.; Illinois and Mississippi Rivers, Ill.; Jornada Experimental Range, N. Mex.; Konza Prairie, Kans.; Niwot Ridge/Green Lakes Valley, Colo.; North Inlet, S.C.; Northern Lakes, Wis.; Okefenokee Natural Wildlife Refuge, Ga.

  20. Measurements, Standards, and the SI.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journal of Chemical Education, 1983

    1983-01-01

    Highlights six papers presented at the Seventh Biennial Conference on Chemical Education (Stillwater, Oklahoma 1982). Topics addressed included history, status, and future of SI units, algebra of SI units, periodic table, new standard-state pressure unit, and suggested new names for mole concept ("numerity" and "chemical amount"). (JN)

  1. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Voluntary Laboratory in NIST Handbook 150. Clause 4.1.2, NIST Handbook 150:2006: It is the responsibility of the laboratory

  2. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Voluntary Laboratory of this handbook and clauses 4 and 5 and annexes A and B of NIST Handbook 150 are addressed and their locations

  3. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Voluntary Laboratory requirements of this handbook and clauses 4 and 5 and annexes A and B of NIST Handbook 150 are addressed

  4. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Voluntary Laboratory to Clauses 4 & 5, and Annexes A & B of NIST Handbook 150 (4.2). · Interpretive guidance and emphases have

  5. The Need for National Credentialing Standards for Addiction Counselors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Geri; Scarborough, Jim; Clark, Catherine; Leonard, Justin C.; Keziah, Tyler B.

    2010-01-01

    The authors review the current state of credentialing for addiction counselors in the United States and provide recommendations to the addiction counseling field regarding national standards for credentialing.

  6. Domain 5: Teaching and Communication National Standards for Sport Coaches

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stratton, Richard K.

    2005-01-01

    This article discusses the National Standards for Sport Coaches Domain 5, Teaching and Communication, and the five standards that comprise the domain: (1) Standard 17--Design progressions for developing sport-specific skills that are based on appropriate teaching/learning progressions; (2) Standard 18--Provide a learning environment that is…

  7. ASHRAE Standard 62: tobacco industry's influence over national ventilation standards

    PubMed Central

    Bialous, S; Glantz, S

    2002-01-01

    Objective: To describe the role of the tobacco industry in the development of ventilation standards for indoor air quality by influencing the American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE). Methods: Review of tobacco industry documents available on the internet between January 2001 and March 2002. Search terms included "ASHRAE", "ventilation", "minutes", "memo", and the names of key players and organisations as identified in the initial searches. Analysis of ASHRAE and other relevant documents publicly available and the personal files of a Standard 62 committee member; interviews of a selected number of ASHRAE players; observation of an ASHRAE meeting. Results: The tobacco industry has been involved in the development of ventilation standards for over 20 years. It has successfully influenced the standard and continues to attempt to change the standard from a smoke-free framework into an "accommodation" framework. The industry acts directly and through consultants and allies. The major health groups have been largely absent and the health interests have been poorly represented in standard development. While concentrated in the USA, ASHRAE standards are adopted worldwide. Conclusion: The tobacco industry determined that allowing smoking in ventilation standards for indoor air quality was a high priority and dedicated significant human and financial resources to ensure that its interests were represented. The health groups, until recently, have largely ignored the policy implications for tobacco control of standard development. This situation is changing, but unless health groups maintain high visibility within ASHRAE, the tobacco industry may succeed in creating a standard that ignores the dangers of secondhand smoke. PMID:12432157

  8. American National Standards: The Consensus Process

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schafer, Thom

    2000-01-01

    Since the early 20th Century, technical and professional societies have developed standards within their areas of expertise addressing aspects of their industries which they feel would benefit from a degree of standardization. From the beginning, the use of these standards was strictly voluntary. It did not take jurisdictional authorities long, however, to recognize that application of these voluntary standards enhanced public safety, as well as leveling the playing field in trade. Hence, laws were passed mandating their use. Purchasers of goods and services also recognized the advantages of standardization, and began requiring the use of standards in their procurement contracts. But how do jurisdictions and purchasers know that the standard they are mandating is a broad-based industry standard, or a narrowly focused set of rules which only apply to one company or institution, thereby giving them an unfair advantage? The answer is "consensus", and a unified approach in achieving it.

  9. Trace Evidence Measurement Science & Standards

    E-print Network

    Perkins, Richard A.

    are we here? · Why NIST is working in this field? ­ What NIST can do for the forensic science community · NIST and trace evidence #12;Why we are here? NRC Study Strengthening Forensic Science in the United: Measurement Science and Uncertainty Analysis ­ Problems Relating to the Broad Range of Forensic Science

  10. TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION PROGRAM National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    Magee, Joseph W.

    TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION PROGRAM National Institute of Standards and Technology Gaithersburg, MD 20899 ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES FOR CIVIL INFRASTRUCTURE The Technology Innovation Program (TIP) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology was established to assist U.S. businesses and institutions of higher

  11. NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY 1 Risk Management Framework

    E-print Network

    NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY 1 Risk Management Framework Computer Security Enterprise Risk Key activities in managing enterprise-level risk--risk resulting from the operation on a continuous basis #12;NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY 3 Risk Management Framework Security Life

  12. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Voluntary Laboratory of its customers' confidential information. More specifically, in NIST Handbook 150-17, clauses 4.4.2, 4-1 became a mandatory standard for the protection of sensitive data when the Secretary of Commerce signed

  13. Profiles of the National Industry Skills Standards Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rahn, Mikala L., Comp.

    In an effort to develop a more uniform and comprehensive system of national skill standards, the U.S. Departments of Education and Labor have awarded grants to 22 technical committees, composed of representatives from business, labor, and education, in a variety of industries and occupations. These projects will begin proposing national standards

  14. National Residential Efficiency Measures Database

    DOE Data Explorer

    The National Residential Efficiency Measures Database is a publicly available, centralized resource of residential building retrofit measures and costs for the U.S. building industry. With support from the U.S. Department of Energy, NREL developed this tool to help users determine the most cost-effective retrofit measures for improving energy efficiency of existing homes. Software developers who require residential retrofit performance and cost data for applications that evaluate residential efficiency measures are the primary audience for this database. In addition, home performance contractors and manufacturers of residential materials and equipment may find this information useful. The database offers the following types of retrofit measures: 1) Appliances, 2) Domestic Hot Water, 3) Enclosure, 4) Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning (HVAC), 5) Lighting, 6) Miscellaneous.

  15. National Standards Gain Steam: Governors' Embrace Rooted in Competitiveness Concerns

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoff, David J.

    2009-01-01

    This article reports that the National standards--once the untouchable "third rail" of American education policy--now have the backing of the nation's governors, a growing number of education leaders, and the U.S. secretary of education. The National Governors Association last week adopted a policy statement endorsing a process to develop common…

  16. Status of Photovoltaic Calibration and Measurement Standards

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Baraona, Cosmo; Bailey, Sheila; Curtis, Henry; Brinker, David; Jenkins, Phillip; Scheiman, David

    2001-01-01

    The 7th International Workshop on Space Solar Cell Calibration and Measurement was held on September 25-27, 2000 in Girdwood, Alaska. Representatives from eight countries discussed international standards for single and multijunction solar cell measurement and calibration methods, round robin intercomparisons, and irradiation test methods for space solar cells. Progress toward adoption of an ISO standard on single junction cells was made. Agreement was reached to begin work on new standards for multijunction cells and irradiation testing. Progress on present single junction round robin measurements was discussed and future multijunction round robins were planned. The next workshop will be held in Germany in October 2001.

  17. National Standards for History. Basic Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for History in the Schools, Los Angeles, CA.

    This revised guide is intended for teachers to aid in development of history curriculum in the schools and explains what students should know and be able to do in each of the grade levels. The book addresses two types of standards: (1) historical thinking skills; and (2) historical understandings. Standards in history for grades K-4 include: (1)…

  18. National Standards for Family and Consumer Sciences Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of State Administrators for Family and Consumer Sciences.

    The document presents a new set of standards for family and consumer sciences (FACS) education. Section 1 is a three-chapter overview. Chapter 1 addresses the rationale for change and the FACS vision and mission. Chapter 2 describes the approach to develop the national standards, FACS format, and components of the standards. Chapter 3 provides…

  19. Refreshing the "Voluntary National Content Standards in Economics"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacDonald, Richard A.; Siegfried, John J.

    2012-01-01

    The second edition of the "Voluntary National Content Standards in Economics" was published by the Council for Economic Education in 2010. The authors examine the process for revising these precollege content standards and highlight several changes that appear in the new document. They also review the impact the standards have had on precollege…

  20. Teaching to the National Geography Standards Through Children's Picture Books

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Danielle A. Marra

    1996-01-01

    Grasping a knowledge of geography can be an exciting experience for children when it is developed by reading picture books. Many children's books depict the content of the National Geography Standards. This article reviews the standard's six essential elements and demonstrates how children's books can be used to teach geography. Each element and a particular standard are applied to a

  1. USDA NATIONAL NUTRIENT DATABASE FOR STANDARD REFERENCE

    EPA Science Inventory

    The USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference (SR) is the major source of food composition data in the United States. It provides the foundation for most food composition databases in the public and private sectors....

  2. National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants submittal -- 1997

    SciTech Connect

    Townsend, Y.E. [ed.; Black, S.C.

    1998-06-01

    Each potential source of Nevada Test Site (NTS) emissions was characterized by one of the following methods: (1) monitoring methods and procedures previously developed at the NTS; (2) a yearly radionuclide inventory of the source, assuming that volatile radionuclide are released to the environment; (3) the measurement of tritiated water (as HTO or T{sub 2}O) concentration in liquid effluents discharged to containment ponds and assuming all the effluent evaporates over the course of the year to become an air emission; or (4) using a combination of environmental measurements and CAP88-PC to calculate emissions. The emissions for National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) reporting are listed. They are very conservative and are used in Section 3 to calculate the EDE to the maximally exposed individual offsite. Offsite environmental surveillance data, where available, are used to confirm that calculated emissions are, indeed, conservative.

  3. National Center for Standards and Certification Information: Service and programs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Overman, Joanne

    1994-01-01

    The National Center for Standards and Certification Information (NCSCI) provides information on U.S., foreign and international voluntary standards, government regulations, and conformity assessment procedures for non-agricultural products. The Center serves as a referral service and focal point in the United States for information on standards and standards-related information. NCSCI staff respond to inquiries, maintain a reference collection of standards and standards-related documents, and serve as the U.S. inquiry point for information to and from foreign countries.

  4. Envisioning the Changes in Teaching Framed by the National Science Education Standards-Teaching Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, Todd; Smith, Emma

    2013-01-01

    The National Science Education Standards (NRC, 1996) have been one of the leading reformed documents in the U.S. since its release. It has served as a foundation for all state standards and has supported the development of the newest standards documents recently released in the U.S. (i.e., Achieve Inc., 2013; NRC 2012). One of the most important…

  5. STANDARD MEASUREMENT PROTOCOLS - FLORIDA RADON RESEARCH PROGRAM

    EPA Science Inventory

    The manual, in support of the Florida Radon Research Program, contains standard protocols for key measurements where data quality is vital to the program. t contains two sections. he first section, soil measurements, contains field sampling protocols for soil gas permeability and...

  6. 40 CFR 52.1024 - Attainment dates for national standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Maine § 52.1024 Attainment dates for national standards. The following table presents the latest dates by which the...

  7. 40 CFR 52.2331 - Attainment dates for national standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Utah § 52.2331 Attainment dates for national standards. The attainment date for the secondary NAAQS for sulfur...

  8. 40 CFR 52.2331 - Attainment dates for national standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Utah § 52.2331 Attainment dates for national standards. The attainment date for the secondary NAAQS for sulfur...

  9. 40 CFR 52.2331 - Attainment dates for national standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Utah § 52.2331 Attainment dates for national standards. The attainment date for the secondary NAAQS for sulfur...

  10. PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT (PIA) National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    1 PRIVACY IMPACT ASSESSMENT (PIA) National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST Laboratory of Commerce systems, in accordance with the Privacy Act. 5. What opportunities do individuals or businesses

  11. 40 CFR 52.1127 - Attainment dates for national standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Massachusetts § 52.1127 Attainment dates for national standards...table reflects the new information presented in the approved Massachusetts plan. Air quality control region Pollutant SO 2...

  12. 40 CFR 52.1127 - Attainment dates for national standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Massachusetts § 52.1127 Attainment dates for national standards...table reflects the new information presented in the approved Massachusetts plan. Air quality control region Pollutant SO 2...

  13. 40 CFR 52.1127 - Attainment dates for national standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Massachusetts § 52.1127 Attainment dates for national standards...table reflects the new information presented in the approved Massachusetts plan. Air quality control region Pollutant SO 2...

  14. 40 CFR 52.1127 - Attainment dates for national standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Massachusetts § 52.1127 Attainment dates for national standards...table reflects the new information presented in the approved Massachusetts plan. Air quality control region Pollutant SO 2...

  15. 40 CFR 52.1127 - Attainment dates for national standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Massachusetts § 52.1127 Attainment dates for national standards...table reflects the new information presented in the approved Massachusetts plan. Air quality control region Pollutant SO 2...

  16. News from the National Institute of Standards and Technology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    NIST News announcements: News releases, announcements, and newsletters from the National Institute of Standards and Technology, such as the biweekly NIST UPDATE and "NIST Tech Beat", a tip sheet for science journalists.

  17. Unambiguous evaluation of a chirp measurement standard

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Seewig, Jörg; Eifler, Matthias; Wiora, Georg

    2014-10-01

    This article describes an automated evaluation method for the chirp standard. Chirp calibration standards provide a way to describe the transfer behavior of different spatial frequencies as they contain sinusoidal functions of varying wavelengths (Krüger-Sehm et al 2007 chirp calibration standards for surface measuring instruments Tech. Mess. tm 74 572–76 Pehnelt et al 2011 Comparative analysis of optical surface measuring systems with a chip calibration standard Tech. Mess. tm 78 457–62). By introducing a new, automated evaluation method, an improvement for the application of the chirp standard can be achieved. The data-preprocessing for topography and profile measurement data and the fit of the geometric elements are described. Automated evaluation can reduce the labor required to evaluate measured data and make it easier to compare different evaluations in the course of standardization. The algorithm can be used to characterize the so-called ‘small scale fidelity’ of an optical instrument. The term ‘small scale fidelity’ is currently discussed in the optical group of working group no. 16 of the ISO technical committee 213.

  18. National radioactivity standards for beta-emitting radionuclides used in intravascular brachytherapy.

    PubMed

    Coursey, B M; Collé, R; Zimmerman, B E; Cessna, J T; Golas, D B

    1998-04-01

    The uses of beta-particle emitting radionuclides in therapeutic medicine are rapidly expanding. To ensure the accurate assays of these nuclides prior to administration, radioactivity standards are needed. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the national metrological standards laboratory for the United States, uses high-efficiency liquid scintillation counting to standardize solutions of such beta emitters, including 32P, 90Sr/90Y, and 188Re. Additional measurements are made on radionuclidic impurities, half lives, and other decay-scheme parameters (such as branching decay ratios or gamma-ray abundances) using HPGe detectors and reentrant ionization chambers. Following such measurements at NIST, standards are disseminated in three ways: Standard Reference Materials (SRMs), calibrations for source manufacturers, and calibration factors for commercial instruments. Uncertainties in the activity calibrations for these nuclides are of the order of +/-0.5% (at approximately 1-standard deviation confidence intervals). PMID:9588935

  19. IEC measurement standards for ultrasonic hydrophones and radiation force balances

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beissner, K.

    2002-11-01

    Acoustic output measurements of medical ultrasonic equipment are usually performed in water and using two widely established methods: ultrasonic power measurement with a radiation force balance and acoustic pressure measurement with an ultrasonic hydrophone. The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) has published a number of International Standards on both methods, prepared by its Technical Committee 87 ''Ultrasonics.'' These are discussed and future standardization trends are presented. The basic standard for ultrasonic power measurements is IEC 61161. It recommends using a radiation force balance and specifies the relevant technical properties and sources of uncertainty. It is currently envisaged to revise this standard and to include particular recommendations for the power range up to 20 W which have recently been worked out in an international cooperation of national metrology institutes. Hydrophone standards have continuously been developed over many years. The most recent one is IEC 62092 which extends the upper frequency limit of hydrophone standarization from 15 MHz to 40 MHz. The current trend is to reorganize all existing hydrophone standards and to find a new scheme of three parallel standards dealing with hydrophone properties, hydrophone use, and hydrophone calibration.

  20. National Physical Education Standards: A Summary of Student Performance and Its Correlates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erwin, Heather E.; Castelli, Darla M.

    2008-01-01

    This study was one of the first to examine elementary student performance on the first four national standards for physical education (National Association for Sport and Physical Education, 2004). Motor skill competency, strategic knowledge, physical activity, and physical fitness measures were collected from fourth- and fifth-grade students (N =…

  1. NIEA National Cultural Standards For Education: Phase I

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keefe, Anna; Tantillo, Vanessa; Norman, Dennis K.

    2008-01-01

    The National Indian Education Association (NIEA) has a long-standing commitment to protecting the cultural and linguistic traditions of Native American students. Towards strengthening these outcomes, they are initiating the development of the National Native Cultural Standards for Education project. To provide background support for future phases…

  2. NATIONAL APPRENTICESHIP AND TRAINING STANDARDS FOR GLAZIERS AND GLASSWORKERS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training.

    THIS THIRD EDITION OF NATIONAL APPRENTICESHIP STANDARDS REPRESENTS THE CONSERVATIVE JUDGMENT OF LEADING GLAZIERS AND GLASSWORKERS CONCERNING THE ESSENTIAL FACTORS IN DEVELOPING HIGHLY SKILLED GLAZIER AND GLASSWORKER CRAFTSMEN. IT WAS DEVELOPED BY THE NATIONAL JOINT GLAZIER AND GLASSWORKER APPRENTICESHIP COMMITTEE IN COOPERATION WITH THE BUREAU OF…

  3. Early Standard Model measurements with ATLAS

    E-print Network

    T. Ince; for the ATLAS collaboration

    2009-05-28

    The measurement of Standard Model processes will be an important first step towards exploiting the discovery potential of the Large Hadron Collider, the highest energy accelerator ever built that will begin operation in the fall 2009. This paper presents a summary of the early physics analyses for understanding the performance of the detector as well as the Standard Model at the ATLAS experiment at 14 TeV centre of mass energy.

  4. National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Major Sources: Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boilers; Guidance for Calculating Emission Credits Resulting from Implementation of Energy Conservation Measures

    SciTech Connect

    Cox, Daryl [ORNL; Papar, Riyaz [Hudson Technologies; Wright, Dr. Anthony [ALW Consulting

    2012-07-01

    The purpose of this document is to provide guidance for developing a consistent approach to documenting efficiency credits generated from energy conservation measures in the Implementation Plan for boilers covered by the Boiler MACT rule (i.e., subpart DDDDD of CFR part 63). This document divides Boiler System conservation opportunities into four functional areas: 1) the boiler itself, 2) the condensate recovery system, 3) the distribution system, and 4) the end uses of the steam. This document provides technical information for documenting emissions credits proposed in the Implementation Plan for functional areas 2) though 4). This document does not include efficiency improvements related to the Boiler tune-ups.

  5. National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Major Sources: Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boilers; Guidance for Calculating Efficiency Credits Resulting from Implementation of Energy Conservation Measures

    SciTech Connect

    Cox, Daryl [ORNL; Papar, Riyaz [Hudson Technologies; Wright, Dr. Anthony [ALW Consulting

    2013-02-01

    The purpose of this document is to provide guidance for developing a consistent approach to documenting efficiency credits generated from energy conservation measures in the Implementation Plan for boilers covered by the Boiler MACT rule (i.e., subpart DDDDD of CFR part 63). This document divides Boiler System conservation opportunities into four functional areas: 1) the boiler itself, 2) the condensate recovery system, 3) the distribution system, and 4) the end uses of the steam. This document provides technical information for documenting emissions credits proposed in the Implementation Plan for functional areas 2) though 4). This document does not include efficiency improvements related to the Boiler tune-ups.

  6. The Revised National Board Library Media Standards and You

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garry, Candi Pierce

    2010-01-01

    The National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS) offers a voluntary certification program as a means to recognize accomplished teaching in sixteen subject areas, including Library Media. The original standards for Library Media K-12 were published in 2000. In 2009, NBPTS selected a committee of library professionals from across the…

  7. National Apprenticeship and Training Standards for Orthotic and Prosthetic Technicians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Orthotic and Prosthetic Association, Washington, DC.

    The booklet sets forth the National Apprenticeship and Training Standards for the one-year apprenticeship program for orthotic and/or prosthetic technicians, as developed and recommended by the American Orthotic and Prosthetic Association. Standards in various areas--such as qualifications for apprenticeship, hours of work, salaries, records,…

  8. National Apprenticeship and Training Standards for Vending Machine Mechanics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.

    This booklet contains national standards for apprentices in vending machine mechanics. The main topic of the booklet, Provisions of Standards, includes the following: definitions of terms used in the booklet, apprenticeship qualifications, a statement on equal opportunity employment, explanation of probation, hours of work, credit for previous…

  9. 76 FR 22342 - National Standard 10 Guidelines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-21

    ...Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Reauthorization Act of 2006, added section...address the impact of conservation and management measures...Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Reauthorization Act of 2006) and...

  10. Measurements and standards for bulk-explosives detection.

    PubMed

    Hudson, Larry; Bateman, Fred; Bergstrom, Paul; Cerra, Frank; Glover, Jack; Minniti, Ronaldo; Seltzer, Stephen; Tosh, Ronald

    2012-07-01

    Recent years have seen a dramatic expansion in the application of radiation and isotopes to security screening. This has been driven primarily by increased incidents involving improvised explosive devices as well as their ease of assembly and leveraged disruption of transportation and commerce. With global expenditures for security-screening systems in the hundreds of billions of dollars, there is a pressing need to develop, apply, and harmonize standards for x-ray and gamma-ray screening systems used to detect explosives and other contraband. The National Institute of Standards and Technology has been facilitating the development of standard measurement tools that can be used to gauge the technical performance (imaging quality) and radiation safety of systems used to screen luggage, persons, vehicles, cargo, and left-behind objects. After a review of this new suite of national standard test methods, test objects, and radiation-measurement protocols, we highlight some of the technical trends that are enhancing the revision of baseline standards. Finally we advocate a more intentional use of technical-performance standards by security stakeholders and outline the advantages this would accrue. PMID:22136814

  11. 15 CFR 287.3 - Responsibilities of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. 287.3 Section 287.3 Commerce... NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ACCREDITATION...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. (a) Work with...

  12. 75 FR 9392 - National Institute of Standards and Technology Construction Grant Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-02

    ...National Institute of Standards and Technology RIN 0693-ZA95 [Docket No...National Institute of Standards and Technology Construction Grant Program AGENCY...National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Department of...

  13. 75 FR 55301 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; National Institute of Standards and Technology...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-10

    ...National Institute of Standards and Technology Proposed Information Collection; Comment...National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Manufacturing Extension Partnership...National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). ACTION:...

  14. 15 CFR 287.3 - Responsibilities of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. 287.3 Section 287.3 Commerce... NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ACCREDITATION...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. (a) Work with...

  15. 75 FR 27708 - National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board Membership

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-18

    ...OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board Membership The National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board (NIST PRB) reviews...

  16. 76 FR 539 - Alternative Personnel Management System (APMS) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-05

    ...COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology [Docket Number: 101129594-0594-02...the National Institute of Standards and Technology AGENCY: National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce. ACTION:...

  17. 77 FR 51518 - Alternative Personnel Management System (APMS) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-24

    ...COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology [Docket Number 120706223-2223-01...the National Institute of Standards and Technology AGENCY: National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce. ACTION:...

  18. 15 CFR 287.3 - Responsibilities of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. 287.3 Section 287.3 Commerce... NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ACCREDITATION...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. (a) Work with...

  19. 76 FR 55880 - National Institute of Standards and Technology; Performance Review Board Membership

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-09

    ...OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Institute of Standards and Technology; Performance Review Board Membership The National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board (NIST PRB) reviews...

  20. 76 FR 78889 - Alternative Personnel Management System (APMS) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-20

    ...COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology [Docket Number: 111208744-1741-01...the National Institute of Standards and Technology AGENCY: National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce. ACTION:...

  1. 75 FR 55303 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; National Institute of Standards and Technology...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-10

    ...National Institute of Standards and Technology Proposed Information Collection; Comment...National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Manufacturing Extension Partnership...National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). ACTION:...

  2. 77 FR 48128 - Alternative Personnel Management System (APMS) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-13

    ...COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology [Docket Number: 120706222-2222-01...the National Institute of Standards and Technology AGENCY: National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce. ACTION:...

  3. 15 CFR 287.3 - Responsibilities of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. 287.3 Section 287.3 Commerce... NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ACCREDITATION...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. (a) Work with...

  4. 15 CFR 287.3 - Responsibilities of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. 287.3 Section 287.3 Commerce... NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ACCREDITATION...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. (a) Work with...

  5. 40 CFR 50.12 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. 50.12...NATIONAL PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS § 50.12 National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. (a)...

  6. 40 CFR 50.12 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. 50.12...NATIONAL PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS § 50.12 National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. (a)...

  7. 40 CFR 50.12 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. 50.12...NATIONAL PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS § 50.12 National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. (a)...

  8. 75 FR 51569 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Reciprocating Internal Combustion...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-20

    ...40 CFR Part 63 National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants...FRL-9190-3] RIN 2060-AP36 National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants...SUMMARY: EPA is promulgating national emission standards for hazardous air...

  9. A New Standard for Measuring Doctoral Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fogg, Piper

    2007-01-01

    This article discusses a new standard for measuring graduate programs in the United States. The Faculty Scholarly Productivity Index, produced by Academic Analytics, a for-profit company, rates faculty members' scholarly output at nearly 7,300 doctoral programs around the country. It examines the number of book and journal articles published by…

  10. National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    .22. Automatic Bulk Weighing Systems 2-45 2.23. Weights 2-51 2.24. Automatic Weighing Systems - Tentative Code 2 Section 1. 1.10. General Code 1-1 Section 2. 2.20. Scales 2-3 2.21. Belt-Conveyor Scale Systems 2-37 2.34. Cryogenic Liquid-Measuring Devices 3-43 3.35. Milk Meters 3-49 3.36. Water Meters 3-55 3.37. Mass Flow

  11. A Study of the Alignment of National Standards, State Standards, and Science Assessment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burry-Stock, Judith A.; Casebeer, Cindy M.

    Educational reform efforts are currently at the top of the nation's agenda. Policymakers are hearing increasing calls from members of the public to improve standardized test scores. These reform calls are a response to the perceived inadequacy of science teaching in our nation. Data were collected from participating states regarding the status of…

  12. URBAN AEROSOL ACIDS: ANALYSIS OF NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY STANDARD REFERENCE MATERIAL 1649

    EPA Science Inventory

    Urban air particulate matter, collected from Washington, D.C. and certified by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) as Standard Reference Material 1649, was extracted and fractionated into acid, base and neutral fractions. ach fraction was tested for biologic...

  13. National performance standards for oral communication k?12: New standards and speaking\\/listening\\/viewing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Donald L. Rubin; Sally Hampton

    1998-01-01

    The standards movement aims to reform K?12 education in the U.S. by raising expectations for student performance, by applying expectations to all children, and by monitoring achievement through authentic assessments. Prospects for implementing oral communication instruction in classrooms can be enhanced by aligning with this movement. New Standards is a nationally based, highly visible program for developing and promulgating performance

  14. Imaging as a Biomarker: Standards for Change Measurements in Therapy, September 14-15, 2006, NIST/NC

    Cancer.gov

    Imaging as a Biomarker: Standards for Change Measurements in Therapy A U.S. Measurement System Workshop September 14-15, 2006 National Institute of Standards and Technology Technical Co-Chairs: Ram D. Sriram (NIST) and Laurence Clarke (NCI)

  15. Developing standards for a national spatial data infrastructure

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Wortman, Kathryn C.

    1994-01-01

    The concept of a framework for data and information linkages among producers and users, known as a National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI), is built upon four corners: data, technology, institutions, and standards. Standards are paramount to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of the NSDI. Historically, data standards and specifications have been developed with a very limited scope - they were parochial, and even competitive in nature, and promoted the sharing of data and information within only a small community at the expense of more open sharing across many communities. Today, an approach is needed to grow and evolve standards to support open systems and provide consistency and uniformity among data producers. There are several significant ongoing activities in geospatial data standards: transfer or exchange, metadata, and data content. In addition, standards in other areas are under discussion, including data quality, data models, and data collection.

  16. Do national standards indicate the need for reform in science teacher education?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert E. Yager; Martha V. Lutz; John A. Craven

    1996-01-01

    draft o f the National S cienc e Education Standards. The Standards document begins with the caveat that a standard can be used to judge quality and describe what should be attained, but that the national standards are not national standardization and do not define curriculum. The teaching standards are meant to provide a vision of what teachers need to

  17. National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants submittal -- 1994

    SciTech Connect

    Townsend, Y.E. [ed.; Black, S.C.

    1995-06-01

    This report focuses on air quality at the Nevada Test Site (NTS) for 1994. A general description of the effluent sources are presented. Each potential source of NTS emissions was characterized by one of the following: (1) by monitoring methods and procedures previously developed at NTS; (2) by a yearly radionuclide inventory of the source, assuming that volatile radionuclides are released to the environment; (3) by the measurement of tritiated water concentration in liquid effluents discharged to containment ponds and assuming all the effluent evaporates over the course of the year to become an air emission; or (4) by using a combination of environmental measurements and CAP88-PC to calculate emissions. Appendices A through J describe the methods used to determine the emissions from the sources. These National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) emissions are very conservative, are used to calculate the effective dose equivalent to the Maximally Exposed Individual offsite, and exceed, in some cases, those reported in DOE`s Effluent Information System (EIS). The NESHAP`s worst-case emissions that exceed the EIS reported emissions are noted. Offsite environmental surveillance data are used to confirm that calculated emissions are, indeed, conservative.

  18. Measuring Pressure Has a New Standard

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    The Force-Balanced Piston Gauge (FPG) tests and calibrates instrumentation operating in the low pressure range. The system provides a traceable, primary calibration standard for measuring pressures in the range of near 0 to 15 kPa (2.2 psi) in both gauge and absolute measurement modes. The hardware combines a large area piston-cylinder with a load cell measuring the force resulting from pressures across the piston. The mass of the piston can be tared out, allowing measurement to start from zero. A pressure higher than the measured pressure, which keeps the piston centered, lubricates an innovative conical gap located between the piston and the cylinder, eliminating the need for piston rotation. A pressure controller based on the control of low gas flow automates the pressure control. DHI markets the FPG as an automated primary standard for very low-gauge and absolute pressures. DHI is selling the FPG to high-end metrology laboratories on a case by case basis, with a full commercial release to follow.

  19. Vitamin D status as an international issue: national surveys and the problem of standardization.

    PubMed

    Sempos, Christopher T; Vesper, Hubert W; Phinney, Karen W; Thienpont, Linda M; Coates, Paul M

    2012-01-01

    Wide spread variation in measurement results of total 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) confounds international efforts to develop evidence-based clinical guidelines. Accordingly, NIH Office of Dietary Supplements (ODS) in collaboration with CDC National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH), National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and Ghent University established the Vitamin D Standardization Program (VDSP) in November 2010. VDSP objectives include: (1) standardize 25(OH)D concentration measurements in national health surveys around the world, (2) evaluate survey differences, (3) extend standardization efforts to assay manufacturers, and to clinical, commercial, and research laboratories, (4) promote standardization of emerging metabolites of vitamin D status, and (5) enable the use of standardized data in patient care and public health. An interlaboratory comparison study is being conducted to assess measurement variability among current assays. Participants include national health surveys from Australia, Canada, Germany, Ireland, Mexico, South Korea, UK and USA, 15 assay manufacturers, and two external quality assurance programs. CDC will implement a formal laboratory certification program. Standardization activities will use single-donor, fresh-frozen serum collected using the CLSI C37 protocol. Initial assay performance criteria, based on biological variability data, are ? 10 % imprecision and ? 5 % bias in relation to the reference values. An ancillary study on commutability of NIST SRM 972a, external quality assurance testing materials is included. To increase the comparability of existing data from different national surveys, master equations will be developed to facilitate the conversion of already existing national survey data to the NIST-Ghent University reference measurement procedures. PMID:22536760

  20. Standardized measures for substance use stigma.

    PubMed

    Brown, Seth A

    2011-07-01

    Despite indications that the stigma associated with substance use is high and may play a role in discouraging treatment participation, there is limited research in this area and only a few psychometrically sound measures of substance use stigma exist. The purpose of this study was to formulate and evaluate the psychometric properties of three substance use stigma measures. College students (N=565) completed three measures of substance use stigma that were modified from three established measures of mental illness stigma. Two of the three modified measures (Social Distance Scale for Substance Users and Affect Scale for Substance Users) emerged as having acceptable psychometric properties, whereas one modified measure (Dangerousness Scale for Substance Users) had inadequate psychometric properties. In regard to sex differences, women had significantly higher substance use stigma on the two psychometrically sound measures (p<.01). Perhaps, with standardized measures, there can be greater progress towards better understanding the mechanisms leading to high levels of substance use stigma and ultimately address failures to seek out treatment due to stigma. PMID:21257274

  1. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 25

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 25(SR25)contains data for over 8,100 food items for up to 146 food components. It replaces the previous release, SR24, issued in September 2011. Data in SR25 supersede values in the printed handbooks and previous electronic releas...

  2. Plant Content in the National Science Education Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hershey, David R.

    2005-01-01

    The National Science Education Standards (NSES) provides few resources for teaching about plants. To assure students understand and appreciate plants, the author advocates teaching about plants as a basic biological concept, avoiding animal chauvinism in biology coursework, correcting pseudoscience and anthropomorphisms about plants, and making…

  3. FCS Teachers' Stages of Concern Regarding National Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Faircloth, Elizabeth Grogan; Smith, Bettye P.; Hall, Helen C.

    2001-01-01

    Family and consumer sciences teachers in Georgia (n=183) completed the Stages of Concern Questionnaire regarding implementation of national family and consumer sciences standards. Results showed 36.8% were at stage three, in which innovation is perceived as a threat. Interventions to address teacher concerns were recommended. (SK)

  4. American Indian Supplement to the National Standards on Physical Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bureau of Indian Affairs (Dept. of Interior), Washington, DC. Office of Indian Education Programs.

    This supplement to the national physical education standards aims to provide teachers of American Indian students with strategies and ideas for culture-based physical education. Traditional teachings have long recognized that the "whole" person must be considered when addressing issues of health, fitness, and general well-being. Among many Plains…

  5. National Standards for Financial Literacy: Rationale and Content

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bosshardt, William; Walstad, William B.

    2014-01-01

    The "National Standards for Financial Literacy" describe the knowledge, understanding, and skills that are important for students to learn about personal finance. They are designed to guide teachers, school administrators, and other educators in developing curriculum and educational materials for teaching financial literacy. In this…

  6. The projected impacts of a national renewable portfolio standard

    SciTech Connect

    Nogee, Alan; Deyette, Jeff; Clemmer, Steve

    2007-05-15

    A review of analyses by the Union of Concerned Scientists and the U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration using the same model, but with different assumptions, reveals a common conclusion that a national renewable portfolio standards is achievable, and would provide important economic and environmental benefits. (author)

  7. National Apprenticeship and Training Standards for Carpentry. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training.

    Designed to guide local organizations of contractors and journeymen in establishing and improving local apprenticeship systems, this booklet contains the latest revision of the National Joint Carpentry Apprenticeship and Training Committee standards pertaining to the basic requirements for effective apprenticeship. In a section on adapting…

  8. Measurement Framework for National Key Performance Measures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (NJ1), 2008

    2008-01-01

    In 1999, Ministers responsible for school education agreed to the new set of "National Goals for Schooling in the Twenty-First Century," with the aim of providing high quality schooling in Australia which would secure for students the necessary knowledge, understanding, skills and values for a productive and rewarding life. As a consequence, the…

  9. The development of national standards for adult educators in Namibia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ellis, Justin; Richardson, Brent H.

    2012-06-01

    Since gaining independence from South Africa in 1990, Namibia has placed considerable emphasis on education, including adult learning. As a means of improving the quality of adult learning, the Namibian Ministry of Education commissioned the development of national standards in 2010 to express competency requirements for adult educators. Particular attention was paid to the views of adult learners who participated through thirty focus groups. The participatory process revealed that the work of an adult educator is more complex and demanding than had previously been appreciated. The required competencies were categorised under four headings: (1) Knowledge as an adult educator, (2) Practice as an adult educator, (3) Relationships as an adult educator and (4) Ethics and professionalism as an adult educator. The Namibia Qualifications Authority, acting under its legislative mandate of setting occupational standards for occupations, jobs, posts and positions, approved the national standards in 2011.

  10. Thermodynamic Temperature Measurements Traceable to Photometric Standards

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ballico, Mark

    2011-12-01

    The replacement of ITS-90 temperature measurements by direct thermodynamic temperature measurements based on radiometric techniques in the temperature range above 1000 °C has been proposed by many national measurement laboratories. This article reports on work at NMIA to develop a simple and robust traceability scheme for thermodynamic temperature, based on the use of photometers and a Thermogage furnace with a graphite tube element modified to improve its temperature uniformity and emissivity. A simple luminance meter was constructed using a commercial photometer and pairs of precision apertures to view the rear of the blackbody cavity. This photometer was calibrated against NMIA reference illuminance lamps, and relative spectral responsivity measurements were used to determine the color-temperature correction between the lamps and the Thermogage blackbody. Thermodynamic temperature determinations made using various combinations of apertures and photometers showed a range of less than 0.2 °C at 1700 °C, consistent with the calculated uncertainty of 0.29 °C ( k = 2). ITS-90 measurements made by NMIA's LP5 and HTSP primary radiation thermometers with an uncertainty of 0.16 °C ( k = 2), are consistent with the thermodynamic measurements. It is suggested that routine thermodynamic temperature determinations can now be made with an effort comparable to that required to realize the ITS-90 above 1000 °C.

  11. FSM National Standardized Tests of National Curriculum Minimum Standards: Spring 1995 Results, Sixth, Eighth, and Tenth Grade Language Arts and Mathematics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spencer, Mary L.

    The development of national minimum educational standards for the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) began in 1988 with the deliberations of a national task force that created performance expectations in a number of subjects. In 1988 the development of nationally standardized tests reflecting these standards began. This document presents the…

  12. National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Submittal - 1995

    SciTech Connect

    Black, S.C.; Townsend, Y.E. [ed.

    1996-06-01

    This report contains National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). It provides lists of figures and tables related to the NTS and includes a Site Description. The Source Description includes current and previous activities conducted on the NTS. The Site has been the primary location for testing of nuclear explosives in the Continental U.S. since 1951. Historical testing has included (1) atmospheric testing in the 1950`s and early 1960s, (2) earth-cratering experiments, and (3) open-air nuclear reactor and rocket engine testing. At the North Las Vegas Facility, operated for DOE/NV by EG&G Energy Measurements, there was an Unusual Occurrence that led to an insignificant potential exposure to an offsite person. The incident involved the release of tritiated water (HTO), and a description of the incident and the method of calculating the effective dose equivalent for offsite exposure are described. The Source Description further describes Ground Seepage of Noble Gases, Radioactive Waste Management Sites, and Plutonium Contaminated Surface Areas.

  13. 75 FR 35519 - Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standard for Sulfur Dioxide

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-22

    ...National Ambient Air Quality Standard for Sulfur Dioxide; Final Rule Federal Register...National Ambient Air Quality Standard for Sulfur Dioxide AGENCY: Environmental Protection...the air quality criteria for oxides of sulfur and the primary national ambient air...

  14. 78 FR 34177 - Implementation of the 2008 National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone: State Implementation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-06

    ...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone: State Implementation Plan Requirements...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone: State Implementation Plan Requirements...proposing a rule for implementing the 2008 ozone national ambient air quality...

  15. 77 FR 30087 - Air Quality Designations for the 2008 Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-21

    ...81 Air Quality Designations for the 2008 Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone: Nonattainment Area Classifications Approach...Attainment Deadlines and Revocation of the 1997 Ozone Standards for Transportation...

  16. EP&R Standards Project Report: Technical Review of National Incident Management Standards

    SciTech Connect

    Stenner, Robert D.

    2007-04-24

    The importance and necessity for a fully developed and implemented National Incident Management System (NIMS) has been demonstrated in recent years by the impact of national events such as Hurricane Katrina in 2005. Throughout the history of emergency response to major disasters, especially when multiple response organizations are involved, there have been systemic problems in the consistency and uniformity of response operations. Identifying national standards that support the development and implementation of NIMS is key to helping solve these systemic problems. The NIMS seeks to provide uniformity and consistency for incident management by using common terminology and protocols that will enable responders to coordinate their efforts to ensure an efficient response.

  17. National Institute of Standards and Technology Virtual Museum

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    While the idea of a National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Virtual Museum may make some cast a drowsy eye, they would be quite pleased to learn that the Museum's website contains a host of engaging online exhibits that examine such topics as the standardization of women's clothing, the saccharimeter, and the letter sorting machine. The standardization of women's clothing exhibit is well-worth a look, as it uses text and historic images to look at how the NIST and the Mail Order Association of America began a study to create a sizing standard for women's ready-to-wear clothing. Another equally fascinating exhibit offered on the site looks at the role the NSIT played in creating a reliable system of frequency signals to aid the radio broadcasting industry.

  18. Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Beginning with the September-October 1999 issue, the electronic version of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Journal of Research will be available in .pdf format. The journal contains current NIST research in the areas of physics, chemistry, engineering, mathematics, and computer sciences. "Papers cover a broad range of subjects, with major emphasis on measurement methodology and the basic technology underlying standardization." With archives dating back to 1995, the site is capable of full-text searching.

  19. 40 CFR 50.10 - National 8-hour primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. 50.10 Section 50.10 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. (a) The level of the national 8-hour...secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone, measured by a reference method...

  20. 40 CFR 50.9 - National 1-hour primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. 50.9 Section 50.9 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. (a) The level of the national 1-hour...secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone measured by a reference method...

  1. Use of standard specimens in coating thickness measurement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. V. Kazantsev; V. P. Eltyshev

    1981-01-01

    cal unit for thickness or surface density. Correspondingly, the standard specimens for coatings in check schemes for means of measurement take over from the standard and working means of measurement normally used for this purpose. The standard specimens used in the field of working means of measurement are assigned by organizations (in-house standard specimens). This is the most numerous class

  2. DRAFT AGENDA Measurement Science & Standards in Forensic Firearms

    E-print Network

    DRAFT AGENDA Measurement Science & Standards in Forensic Firearms Analysis July 10-11, 2012 Enforcement Standards Office, Forensic Science Program · Scientific Working Group for Firearms and Toolmarks

  3. Connecting News With the National Science Education Standards 2009

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This online publication includes the best 2009 posts from the Connecting News With the National Science Education Standards blog which is written for middle school science teachers. The posts provide engaging lessons that integrate the latest in scientific research in the news and provide ideas for turning the current event into an inquiry-based, standards-related learning experience for students. The topics range from polar bears to H1N1 virus. This format allows for flipping of pages, zooming, and sharing via a variety of formats

  4. National Photonics Skill Standards for Technicians, 3rd Edition

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    From the National Center for Optics and Photonics Education (OP-TEC) and the Center for Occupational Research and Development (CORD these standards "represent the consensus of a broad cross-section of U.S. employers regarding the technical and workplace skills required of photonics technicians." The full document is available for users to download as a PDF and this third edition features three new curricula created from research conducted at OP-TEC. It is an excellent resource for developing or enhancing a photonics technician program using standards endorsed by industry.

  5. National Certification Standard for Ground Source Heat Pump Personnel

    SciTech Connect

    Kelly, John [Geothermal Heat Pump Consortium] [Geothermal Heat Pump Consortium

    2013-07-31

    The National Certification Standard for the Geothermal Heat Pump Industry adds to the understanding of the barriers to rapid growth of the geothermal heat pump (GHP) industry by bringing together for the first time an analysis of the roles and responsibilities of each of the individual job tasks involved in the design and installation of GHP systems. The standard addresses applicable qualifications for all primary personnel involved in the design, installation, commissioning, operation and maintenance of GHP systems, including their knowledge, skills and abilities. The resulting standard serves as a foundation for subsequent development of curriculum, training and certification programs, which are not included in the scope of this project, but are briefly addressed in the standard to describe ways in which the standard developed in this project may form a foundation to support further progress in accomplishing those other efforts. Follow-on efforts may use the standard developed in this project to improve the technical effectiveness and economic feasibility of curriculum development and training programs for GHP industry personnel, by providing a more complete and objective assessment of the individual job tasks necessary for successful implementation of GHP systems. When incorporated into future certification programs for GHP personnel, the standard will facilitate increased consumer confidence in GHP technology, reduce the potential for improperly installed GHP systems, and assure GHP system quality and performance, all of which benefit the public through improved energy efficiency and mitigated environmental impacts of the heating and cooling of homes and businesses.

  6. 1998 INEEL National Emission Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants - Radionuclides

    SciTech Connect

    J. W. Tkachyk

    1999-06-01

    Under Section 61.94 of Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 61, Subpart H, ''National Emission Standards for Emission of Radionuclides Other Than Radon From Department of Energy Facilities,'' each Department of Energy (DOE) facility must submit an annual report documenting compliance. This report addresses the Section 61.94 reporting requirements for operations at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for calendar year (CY) 1998. The Idaho Operations Office of the DOE is the primary contract concerning compliance with the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) at the INEEL. For CY 1998, airborne radionuclide emissions from the INEEL operations were calculated to result in a maximum individual dose to a member of the public of 7.92E-03 mrem (7.92E-08 Sievert). This effective dose equivalent (EDE) is well below the 40 CFR 61, Subpart H, regulatory standard of 10 mrem per year (1.0E-04 Sievert per year).

  7. 1999 INEEL National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants - Radionuclides

    SciTech Connect

    J. W. Tkachyk

    2000-06-01

    Under Section 61.94 of Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 61, Subpart H, ''National Emission Standards for Emission of Radionuclides Other Than Radon From Department of Energy Facilities,'' each Department of Energy (DOE) facility must submit an annual report documenting compliance. This report addresses the Section 61.94 reporting requirements for operations at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for calendar year (CY) 1999. The Idaho Operations Office of the DOE is the primary contract concerning compliance with the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) at the INEEL. For CY 1999, airborne radionuclide emissions from the INEEL operations were calculated to result in a maximum individual dose to a member of the public of 7.92E-03 mrem (7.92E-08 Sievert). This effective dose equivalent (EDE) is well below the 40 CFR 61, Subpart H, regulatory standard of 10 mrem per year (1.0E-04 Sievert per year).

  8. A review of the DNA standard reference materials developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. C. Levin; H. Cheng; M. C. Kline; J. W. Redman; K. L. Richie

    2001-01-01

    The Standard Reference Materials Program at the US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has three human\\u000a DNA standard reference materials (SRM 2390, SRM 2391a, and SRM 2392) currently available1 (Orders and requests for information concerning these SRMs should be directed to the Standard Reference Materials Program,\\u000a National Institute of Standards and Technology, 100 Bureau Drive, Stop 2321, Gaithersburg,

  9. National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Calendar Year 2005

    SciTech Connect

    Bechtel Nevada

    2006-06-01

    The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is operated by the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO). From 1951 through 1992, the NTS was operated as the nation’s site for nuclear weapons testing. The release of man-made radionuclides from the NTS as a result of testing activities has been monitored since the first decade of atmospheric testing. After 1962, when nuclear tests were conducted only underground, the radiation exposure to the public surrounding the NTS was greatly reduced. After the 1992 moratorium on nuclear testing, radiation monitoring on the NTS focused on detecting airborne radionuclides that are resuspended into the air (e.g., by winds, dust-devils) along with historically-contaminated soils on the NTS. To protect the public from harmful levels of man-made radiation, the Clean Air Act, National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) (40 Code of Federal Regulations 61 Subpart H) limits the release of radioactivity from a U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) facility (e.g., the NTS) to 10 millirem per year (mrem/yr) effective dose equivalent (EDE) to any member of the public. This is the dose limit established for someone living off of the NTS for inhaling radioactive particles that may be carried by wind off of the NTS. This limit assumes that members of the public surrounding the NTS may also inhale “background levels” or radioactive particles unrelated to NTS activities that come from naturally-occurring elements in the environment (e.g., radon gas from the earth or natural building materials) or from other man-made sources (e.g., cigarette smoke). The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires DOE facilities (e.g., the NTS) to demonstrate compliance with the NESHAP dose limit by annually estimating the dose to a hypothetical member of the public, referred to as the maximally exposed individual (MEI), or the member of the public who resides within an 80-kilometer (50-mile) radius of the facility who would experience the highest annual dose. This dose to a hypothetical person living close to the NTS cannot exceed 10 mrem/yr. C.1 This report has been produced annually for the EPA Region IX, and for the state of Nevada since 1992 and documents that the estimated EDE to the MEI has been, and continues to be, well below the NESHAP dose limit. The report format and level of technical detail has been dictated by the EPA and DOE Headquarters over the years. It is read and evaluated for NESHAP compliance by federal and state regulators. Each section and appendix presents technical information (e.g., NTS emission source estimates, onsite air sampling data, air transport model input parameters, dose calculation methodology, etc.), which supports the annual dose assessment conclusions. In 2005, as in all previous years for which this report has been produced, the estimated dose to the public from inhalation of radiological emissions from current and past NTS activities is shown to be well below the 10 mrem/yr dose limit. This was demonstrated by air sampling data collected onsite at each of six EPA-approved “critical receptor” stations on the NTS. The sum of measured EDEs from the four stations at the NTS boundaries is 2.5 mrem/yr. This dose is 25 percent of the allowed NESHAP dose limit. Because the nearest member of the public resides approximately 20 kilometers (12 miles) from the NTS boundary, this individual receives only a small fraction of this dose. NESHAP compliance does not require DOE facilities to estimate annual inhalation dose from non-DOE activities. Therefore, this report does not estimate public radiation doses from any other sources or activities (e.g., naturally-occurring radon, global fallout).

  10. Establishment of national laboratory standards in public and private hospital laboratories.

    PubMed

    Anjarani, Soghra; Safadel, Nooshafarin; Dahim, Parisa; Amini, Rana; Mahdavi, Saeed; Mirab Samiee, Siamak

    2013-01-01

    In September 2007 national standard manual was finalized and officially announced as the minimal quality requirements for all medical laboratories in the country. Apart from auditing laboratories, Reference Health Laboratory has performed benchmarking auditing of medical laboratory network (surveys) in provinces. 12(th) benchmarks performed in Tehran and Alborz provinces, Iran in 2010 in three stages. We tried to compare different processes, their quality and accordance with national standard measures between public and private hospital laboratories. The assessment tool was a standardized checklist consists of 164 questions. Analyzing process show although in most cases implementing the standard requirements are more prominent in private laboratories, there is still a long way to complete fulfillment of requirements, and it takes a lot of effort. Differences between laboratories in public and private sectors especially in laboratory personnel and management process are significant. Probably lack of motivation, plays a key role in obtaining less desirable results in laboratories in public sectors. PMID:23514840

  11. Establishment of National Laboratory Standards in Public and Private Hospital Laboratories

    PubMed Central

    ANJARANI, Soghra; SAFADEL, Nooshafarin; DAHIM, Parisa; AMINI, Rana; MAHDAVI, Saeed; MIRAB SAMIEE, Siamak

    2013-01-01

    In September 2007 national standard manual was finalized and officially announced as the minimal quality requirements for all medical laboratories in the country. Apart from auditing laboratories, Reference Health Laboratory has performed benchmarking auditing of medical laboratory network (surveys) in provinces. 12th benchmarks performed in Tehran and Alborz provinces, Iran in 2010 in three stages. We tried to compare different processes, their quality and accordance with national standard measures between public and private hospital laboratories. The assessment tool was a standardized checklist consists of 164 questions. Analyzing process show although in most cases implementing the standard requirements are more prominent in private laboratories, there is still a long way to complete fulfillment of requirements, and it takes a lot of effort. Differences between laboratories in public and private sectors especially in laboratory personnel and management process are significant. Probably lack of motivation, plays a key role in obtaining less desirable results in laboratories in public sectors. PMID:23514840

  12. 10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy conservation measures and standards. 436.104...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING...Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards....

  13. 10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy conservation measures and standards. 436.104...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING...Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards....

  14. 10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy conservation measures and standards. 436.104...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING...Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards....

  15. 10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy conservation measures and standards. 436.104...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING...Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards....

  16. Making and Measuring the California History Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fogo, Bradley

    2011-01-01

    The California history and social science standards-based reform has been touted as the "gold standard" for state history curricula. But the standards, framework, and tests that constitute this reform provide inconsistent and contradictory criteria for teaching and assessing history and social science. An examination of the political process that…

  17. National Tests and Target Setting: Maintaining Consistent Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whetton, Chris; Twist, Elizabeth; Sainsbury, Marian

    It is now seen as an economic and political necessity for countries to produce higher levels of performance across the spectrum of ability of all their students. This paper describes one example of the influence of political conditions on the process of developing assessment instruments and on measuring standards. In England, the trend is toward…

  18. Recommendations for a commercial vehicle to roadway communications national standard

    SciTech Connect

    Davis, D.T.

    1995-02-01

    This is the final report by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). Based on the authors studies of the Electronic Toll and Traffic Management (ETTM) industry, they make recommendations for a possible future national standard for short range Vehicle-to-Roadway Communications (VRC) for Commercial Vehicle Operations (CVO). Of primary interest to the Federal Highway Administration are Mainline Automated Clearance Systems (MACS). In such a system, CVs would exchange data with weigh-stations and ports of entry at highway speeds using wireless Radio Frequency (RF) techniques and to enable automated clearance. The CV would carry a transponder (or tag) and transmit electronic credentials, safety data, in-transit data, etc. on command from a roadside transceiver (or reader) upstream from the weigh-station or port of entry. Computer processing of this data, plus the weigh-in-motion reading and historical information, would be used to decide whether to direct the truck to stop for manual clearance or proceed.

  19. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST): Atomic Spectra Database

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    At this website, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) offers the new Atomic Spectra Database Version 3.0, which "contains critically evaluated NIST data for radiative transitions and energy levels in atoms and atomic ions." Researchers can view the data by wavelengths or energy levels. Individuals can find articles summarizing the data and explaining the ground levels and ionization energies of neutral atoms. The website offers a useful help page as well as archives of NIST's previous versions of the database.

  20. 78 FR 34424 - National Bridge Inspection Standards Review Process; Notice and Request for Comment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-07

    ...Docket No. FHWA-2013-0021] National Bridge Inspection Standards Review Process...SUMMARY: The National Bridge Inspection Standards (NBIS), codified...inspection of all structures defined as highway bridges on public roads. The FHWA annually...

  1. 76 FR 70414 - National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Proposes To Revise Codes and Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-14

    ...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Proposes...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to announce...NFPA's proposal to revise some of its fire safety codes and standards and...

  2. 76 FR 23537 - Notice of Meeting of the National Organic Standards Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-27

    ...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service [Document...NOP-11-05] Notice of Meeting of the National Organic Standards Board AGENCY: Agricultural...a forthcoming meeting of the National Organic Standards Board (NOSB) (76 FR...

  3. 77 FR 2677 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Primary Aluminum Reduction Plants...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-19

    ...National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Primary Aluminum Reduction Plants; Extension of Comment Period AGENCY: Environmental...National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Primary Aluminum Reduction Plants'' is being extended for 12 days....

  4. 77 FR 8197 - Implementation of the 2008 National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone: Nonattainment Area...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-14

    ...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone: Nonattainment Area Classifications Approach...Attainment Deadlines and Revocation of the 1997 Ozone Standards for Transportation Conformity...classifying nonattainment areas for the 2008 ozone National Ambient Air Quality...

  5. 77 FR 30160 - Implementation of the 2008 National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone: Nonattainment Area...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-21

    ...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone: Nonattainment Area Classifications Approach...Attainment Deadlines and Revocation of the 1997 Ozone Standards for Transportation Conformity...to all nonattainment areas for the 2008 ozone national ambient air quality...

  6. 40 CFR 50.17 - National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). 50.17 Section 50.17 Protection...National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). (a) The level...

  7. 40 CFR 50.17 - National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). 50.17 Section 50.17 Protection...National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). (a) The level...

  8. 40 CFR 50.17 - National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). 50.17 Section 50.17 Protection...National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). (a) The level...

  9. 40 CFR 50.17 - National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). 50.17 Section 50.17 Protection...National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). (a) The level...

  10. 40 CFR 50.17 - National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). 50.17 Section 50.17 Protection...National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). (a) The level...

  11. Accelerator-based Neutron Fluence Standard of the National Metrology Institute of Japan

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harano, Hideki; Matsumoto, Tetsuro; Nishiyama, Jun; Uritani, Akira; Kudo, Katsuhisa

    2009-03-01

    We report the present status of the national standard on accelerator-based fast neutron fluences in Japan. Monoenergetic neutron fluence standards have been established at 144 keV, 565 keV, 5.0 MeV and 8.0 MeV by using a Van de Graaff accelerator and at 2.5 MeV and 14.8 MeV by using a Cockcroft Walton accelerator. These standards are prepared to measure the detection efficiency and the energy response of neutron sensitive devices, such as personal dosimeters and survey meters. Neutron production and absolute fluence measurement for these energies are described. We are developing a new standard in the energy region of a few tens of keV, which is also introduced here as well as our future plans.

  12. Standard Model Electroweak Measurements at LEP

    E-print Network

    F. Spano'

    2006-05-19

    The current status of electroweak physics results from LEP is reviewed. Particular emphasis is placed on the latest results on the properties of the Z and W bosons. The updated status of the global electroweak fit to the standard model and the resulting standard model Higgs mass limits are presented.

  13. Memorandum of Understanding Between the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), and the

    E-print Network

    1 Memorandum of Understanding Between the American National Standards Institute (ANSI (NIST) of the Department of Commerce and the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) agree, as reflected by the U.S. National Standards Strategy adopted by ANSI on August 31, 2000. This approach requires

  14. VISITING COMMITTEE ON ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    VISITING COMMITTEE ON ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Standards and Technology FY 2006 Annual Report U.S. Department of Commerce Technology Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology #12;VISITING COMMITTEE ON ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Standards and Technology

  15. Acoustical Society of America ANSI S12.60-2002 American National Standard Acoustical Performance

    E-print Network

    Allen, Jont

    .S. for information on national and international standards. The Acoustical Society of America (ASAAcoustical Society of America ANSI S12.60-2002 American National Standard Acoustical Performance. Participation in the development of this and other American National Standards is open to all directly

  16. 77 FR 67340 - National Fire Codes: Request for Comments on NFPA's Codes and Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-09

    ...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Codes: Request for Comments on NFPA's...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to announce...INFORMATION: Since 1896, the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) has...

  17. 76 FR 70413 - National Fire Protection Association (NFPA): Request for Comments on NFPA's Codes and Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-14

    ...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Protection Association (NFPA): Request...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to announce...INFORMATION: Since 1896, the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) has...

  18. 75 FR 66725 - National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Proposes To Revise Codes and Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-29

    ...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Proposes...SUMMARY: The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) proposes...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)...

  19. 78 FR 24729 - National Fire Codes: Request for Comments on NFPA's Codes and Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-26

    ...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Codes: Request for Comments on NFPA's...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to announce...INFORMATION: Since 1896, the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) has...

  20. 75 FR 66735 - National Fire Protection Association (NFPA): Request for Comments on NFPA's Codes and Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-29

    ...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Protection Association (NFPA): Request...SUMMARY: Since 1896, the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) has accomplished...safety related issues. NFPA's National Fire Codes [supreg], which holds over...

  1. 76 FR 35023 - National Institute of Justice Protective Helmet Standards Workshop

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-15

    ...AGENCY: National Institute of Justice. ACTION: Notice of Meeting of...SUMMARY: The National Institute of Justice (NIJ) and the National Institute...developing a revised standard for criminal justice protective helmets....

  2. The UK's National Measurement Laboratory: Beginners Guides to Measurement

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    At this website, the UK's National Measurement Laboratory offers beginner guides to introduce important features and concepts of measurement for the areas of acoustics, atomic time, color, computing and measurement, electricity, ionizing radiation, length, light, mass, materials, temperature, and traceability and uncertainty. Each guide contains concise, intelligible descriptions along with helpful illustrations. Visitors can find additional information about the history of length and units of measurement. Students and educators can obtain copies of these guides as posters.

  3. A general check standard measurement and database software program

    SciTech Connect

    Duda, L.E.

    1998-04-01

    One way to verify that a measurement system remains under control and is functioning as expected is to use check standards. To aid in the measurement assurance process using check standards, a software program was developed that allows the user to enter measurements for a check standard and compare, by control charts plotted on the computer monitor, the new measurements with a historical database of measurements of the same device. The program is especially suited for check standards which are measured as a function of another parameter such as frequency, voltage, temperature, etc. This paper describes the software function and discusses its capabilities and applications.

  4. 40 CFR 50.7 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5. 50.7 Section 50.7 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5 . (a) The national primary...concentration measured in the ambient air as PM2.5 (particles with an...

  5. 40 CFR 50.13 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5. 50.13 Section 50.13 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5 . (a) The national primary...concentration measured in the ambient air as PM2.5 (particles with an...

  6. 40 CFR 50.7 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5. 50.7 Section 50.7 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5 . (a) The national primary...concentration measured in the ambient air as PM2.5 (particles with an...

  7. 40 CFR 50.7 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5. 50.7 Section 50.7 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5 . (a) The national primary...concentration measured in the ambient air as PM2.5 (particles with an...

  8. 40 CFR 50.13 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5. 50.13 Section 50.13 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5 . (a) The national primary...concentration measured in the ambient air as PM2.5 (particles with an...

  9. 40 CFR 50.13 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5. 50.13 Section 50.13 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5 . (a) The national primary...concentration measured in the ambient air as PM2.5 (particles with an...

  10. 40 CFR 50.8 - National primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide. 50.8 Section 50...primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide. (a) The national primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide are: (1) 9 parts...

  11. 40 CFR 50.8 - National primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide. 50.8 Section 50...primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide. (a) The national primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide are: (1) 9 parts...

  12. 40 CFR 50.8 - National primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide. 50.8 Section 50...primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide. (a) The national primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide are: (1) 9 parts...

  13. 40 CFR 50.8 - National primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide. 50.8 Section 50...primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide. (a) The national primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide are: (1) 9 parts...

  14. 40 CFR 50.8 - National primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide. 50.8 Section 50...primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide. (a) The national primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide are: (1) 9 parts...

  15. MEASUREMENT SCIENCE AND STANDARDS IN FORENSIC HANDWRITING ANALYSIS CONFERENCE & WEBCAST

    E-print Network

    Magee, Joseph W.

    1 MEASUREMENT SCIENCE AND STANDARDS IN FORENSIC HANDWRITING ANALYSIS CONFERENCE & WEBCAST IMPORTANT and Standards in Forensic Handwriting Analysis Conference & Webcast that starts at 9:00AM Eastern Time on June 4

  16. National Institute of Standards and Technology: Time and Frequency Division

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    "The Time and Frequency Division, part of NIST's Physics Laboratory, maintains the standard for frequency and time interval for the United States, provides official time to the United States, and carries out a broad program of research and service activities in time and frequency metrology." At this website, visitors can find online exhibits about ethnic and historical calendars, the history of timekeeping, the discovery of the quartz watch, and more. Researchers can learn about the division's studies dealing with ion storage and optical frequencies. Students and educators will find a tutorial about oscillator signals and measurement methods. Through this large website, visitors will understand the intricacies that go into measuring the exact time.

  17. National Bureau of Standards Journal of Research, volume 88, no. 4, July - August 1983

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1983-08-01

    The Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards reports NBS research and development in those disciplines of the physical and engineering sciences. The sciences include: physics, chemistry, engineering, mathematics, and computer sciences. A broad range of subjects, are covered and measurement methodology, and the basic technology underlying standardization are emphasized. Survey articles on topics closely related to the Bureau's technical and scientific programs are included. Each issue contains complete citations to all recent NBS publications in NBS and non-NBS media.

  18. National Incident Management System (NIMS) Standards Review Panel Workshop Summary Report

    SciTech Connect

    Stenner, Robert D.; Kirk, Jennifer L.; Stanton, James R.; Shebell, Peter; Schwartz, Deborah S.; Judd, Kathleen S.; Gelston, Gariann M.

    2006-02-07

    The importance and need for full compliant implementation of NIMS nationwide was clearly demonstrated during the Hurricane Katrina event, which was clearly expressed in Secretary Chertoff's October 4, 2005 letter addressed to the State's governors. It states, ''Hurricane Katrina was a stark reminder of how critical it is for our nation to approach incident management in a coordinated, consistent, and efficient manner. We must be able to come together, at all levels of government, to prevent, prepare for, respond to, and recover from any emergency or disaster. Our operations must be seamless and based on common incident management doctrine, because the challenges we face as a nation are far greater than capabilities of any one jurisdiction.'' The NIMS is a system/architecture for organizing response on a ''national'' level. It incorporations ICS as a main component of that structure (i.e., it institutionalizes ICS in NIMS). In a paper published on the NIMS Website, the following statements were made: ''NIMS represents a core set of doctrine, principles, terminology, and organizational processes to enable effective, efficient and collaborative incident management at all levels. To provide the framework for interoperability and compatibility, the NIMS is based on a balance between flexibility and standardization.'' Thus the NIC is challenged with the need to adopt quality SDO generated standards to support NIMS compliance, but in doing so maintain the flexibility necessary so that response operations can be tailored for the specific jurisdictional and geographical needs across the nation. In support of this large and complex challenge facing the NIC, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) was asked to provide technical support to the NIC, through their DHS Science and Technology ? Standards Portfolio Contract, to help identify, review, and develop key standards for NIMS compliance. Upon examining the challenge, the following general process appears to be a reasonable approach for identifying and establishing existing standards that would be applicable to NIMS compliance. The suggested generalized steps to establishing existing SDO generated standards for NIMS compliance are: (1) establish search criteria from the NIMS and its support documents, (2) search SDO databases to identify key existing nationally and/or internationally recognized standards that have potential application to NIMS compliance needs, (3) review the identified standards against the specific component needs of the NIMS, (4) identify the pertinent aspects/components of those identified standards that clearly address specific NIMS compliance needs, (5) establish a process to adopt the pertinent standards, which includes the generation of formalized FEMA Guidance that identifies the specific NIMS component compliance needs addressed in the respective standard, (6) develop performance criteria for which to measure compliance with the identified NIMS components addressed by the respective adopted standard, and (7) adopt the standard, publish the guidance and performance criteria, and incorporate it into routine FEMA/NIC NIMS management operations. This review process will also help identify real gaps in standards for which new NIMS specific standards should be developed. To jump start this process and hopefully identify some key ''low hanging fruit'' standards the NIC could use to begin such a process, a panel of first-responder experts (familiar with the current standards of common use in the first-responder community) from various response disciplines was formed and a workshop held. The workshop included a pre-workshop information gathering process. This report discusses the workshop and its findings in detail.

  19. 78 FR 67121 - Request for Nominations for Members To Serve on National Institute of Standards and Technology...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-08

    ...National Institute of Standards and Technology Request for Nominations for Members...National Institute of Standards and Technology Federal Advisory Committees AGENCY...National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce....

  20. 77 FR 40332 - Request for Nominations for Members To Serve on National Institute of Standards and Technology...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-09

    ...National Institute of Standards and Technology Request for Nominations for Members...National Institute of Standards and Technology Federal Advisory Committees AGENCY...National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce....

  1. 76 FR 39379 - Request for Nominations for Members To Serve on National Institute of Standards and Technology...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-06

    ...National Institute of Standards and Technology Request for Nominations for Members...National Institute of Standards and Technology Federal Advisory Committees AGENCY...National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce....

  2. 75 FR 43933 - Request for nominations for members to serve on National Institute of Standards and Technology...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-27

    ...National Institute of Standards and Technology Request for nominations for members...National Institute of Standards and Technology Federal Advisory Committees AGENCY...National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce....

  3. 75 FR 51960 - Proposed Rule To Implement the 1997 8-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard: New...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-24

    ...Implement the 1997 8-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard: New Source...for the 1997 8-hour ozone national ambient air quality standard (NAAQS...Implement the 8-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard-Phase...

  4. 77 FR 42495 - Release of Draft Documents Related to the Review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-19

    ...the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone AGENCY: Environmental...for the Review of the Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards, First External...for the Review of the Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards: First...

  5. 77 FR 64036 - Determination of Attainment of the 1-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards in the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-18

    ...Attainment of the 1-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards in the Sacramento...the revoked 1-hour ozone national ambient air quality standard (1-hour...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone. \\b\\ Data shown...

  6. 40 CFR 50.11 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for oxides of nitrogen (with...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for oxides of nitrogen...NATIONAL PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS § 50.11 National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for oxides of...

  7. Evaluating a Proposed 20% National Renewable Portfolio Standard

    SciTech Connect

    Logan, J.; Sullivan, P.; Short, W.; Bird, L.; James, T. L.; Shah, M. R.

    2009-02-01

    This paper provides a preliminary analysis of the impacts of a proposed 20% national renewable portfolio standard (RPS) by 2021, which has been advanced in the U.S. Congress by Senator Jeff Bingaman of New Mexico. The paper was prepared before the America Recovery and Reinvestment Act was signed into law by President Barack Obama on February 17, 2009, and thus does not consider important changes in renewable energy (RE) policy that need to be addressed in follow-on analysis. We use NREL's Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) model to evaluate the impacts of the RPS requirements on the energy sector and consider design issues associated with renewable energy certificate (REC) trading markets.

  8. Reports of the 60th National Conference on Weights and Measures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. J. Edgerly

    1976-01-01

    This is a report of the proceedings (edited) of the Sixtieth National Conference on Weights and Measures, sponsored by the National Bureau of Standards, held in San Diego, California, July 13-18, 1975 and attended by state, county, and city weights and measures officials, the Federal Government, business, industry, and consumer organizations. Topics discussed include: Calibration; communication; consumer issues; grain moisture

  9. NIST bullet signature measurement system for RM (Reference Material) 8240 standard bullets.

    PubMed

    Ma, Li; Song, John; Whitenton, Eric; Zheng, Alan; Vorburger, Theodore; Zhou, Jack

    2004-07-01

    A bullet signature measurement system based on a stylus instrument was developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) for the signature measurements of NIST RM (Reference Material) 8240 standard bullets. The standard bullets are developed as a reference standard for bullet signature measurements and are aimed to support the recently established National Integrated Ballistics Information Network (NIBIN) by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). The RM bullets are designed as both a virtual and a physical bullet signature standard. The virtual standard is a set of six digitized bullet signatures originally profiled from six master bullets fired at ATF and FBI using six different guns. By using the virtual signature standard to control the tool path on a numerically controlled diamond turning machine at NIST, 40 RM bullets were produced. In this paper, a comparison parameter and an algorithm using auto-and cross-correlation functions are described for qualifying the bullet signature differences between the RM bullets and the virtual bullet signature standard. When two compared signatures are exactly the same (point by point), their cross-correlation function (CCF) value will be equal to 100%. The measurement system setup, measurement program, and initial measurement results are discussed. Initial measurement results for the 40 standard bullets, each measured at six land impressions, show that the CCF values for the 240 signature measurements are higher than 95%, with most of them even higher than 99%. These results demonstrate the high reproducibility for both the manufacturing process and the measurement system for the NIST RM 8240 standard bullets. PMID:15317178

  10. National SoyDiesel Development Board standards for biodiesel

    SciTech Connect

    Holmberg, W.C.; Gavett, E.E.; Merrill, P.N. [American Biofuels Association, Washington, DC (United States); Peeples, J.E. [Information Resource, Inc., Washington, DC (United States)

    1993-12-31

    Biodiesel (esters derived from vegetable oils and animal fats) has a promising future in the United States. Recent environmental and energy legislation has opened the market for this clean burning, non-toxic, biodegradable fuel. However, this same legislation controls access to that market, requiring extensive testing and demonstrations to verify {open_quotes}equal to or better than{close_quotes} performance and emission reductions compared to {open_quotes}clean diesel.{close_quotes} To an extent unknown in the past, legal requirements, as well as technical specifications, are a determining factor in setting fuel standards. Although Biodiesel has technical hurdles to be overcome in satisfying existing and upcoming alternative and clean fuel regulations, it appears that these impediments are relatively minor. The National SoyDiesel Development Board (NSDB) is funding the engine and fuel testing necessary to achieve US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recognition as a cleaner-burning fuel. In addition, the NSDB is also working closely with other feedstock producers, engine manufacturers and governmental agencies on development of fuel standards for Biodiesel. Further, the American Biofuels Association (ABA) is working with the Clinton Administration and Congress to gain incentives for Biodiesel similar to those already available for other biofuels. Through this cooperative effort, Biodiesel is expected to become a viable motor fuel component in the US within the next few years.

  11. Search the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The USDA Agricultural Research Service Nutrient Data Laboratory presents the National Nutrient Database, which has an easy-to-search interface that quickly retrieves nutritional data for every food item that contains a specific keyword. For instance, searching for "soybean" calls up a long list of food items for which soybean is an ingredient: various margarines, salad dressings, and oils; raw soybeans; steamed soybeans; roasted soybeans; and so on. The complete nutrition report for each item can then be viewed after selecting a unit of measurement (e.g., per 100 grams). The database may also be search by single nutrients, such as iron or folic acid.

  12. Standardized analysis of German cattle mortality using national register data.

    PubMed

    Pannwitz, Gunter

    2015-03-01

    In a retrospective cohort study of national register data, 1946 randomly selected holdings, with 286,912 individual cattle accumulating 170,416 animal-years were analyzed. The sample was considered to represent the national herd in Germany 2012. Within each holding, individual cattle records were stratified by current age (?21 days, 3-6 weeks, 6-12 weeks, 3-6 months, 6-12 months, 1-2, 2-4, 4-8, and >8 years), sex, breed (intensive milk, less intensive milk, and beef), and mean monthly air temperature (<10°C and ?10°C). Holdings were categorized by size (<100 and ?100 animal-years), calving rate, slaughter rate, and federal state. 8027 on-site deaths (excluding slaughter for human consumption) were recorded, with cattle aged <6 months, 6-24 months, and >2 years contributing 50.0%, 15.4%, and 34.6% of deaths, respectively. Poisson regression and generalized estimating equations (gee) accounting for intra-herd clustering were used to model the number of deaths. In both models, most age bands differed significantly, with highest rates in calves ?21 days, falling to lowest rates in 1-2 year olds, and rising again thereafter in females. Males exhibited higher mortality than females from birth to 2 years. All breed categories differed significantly with lowest rates in beef and highest in intensive milk breeds. Larger holdings, temperatures ?10°C, calving rates >0-0.5 per animal year were all associated with higher mortality. Via interaction, intensive and less intensive milk breed cattle aging 6 weeks to 6 months and intensive milk breed females >4 years were associated with higher mortality. There were no significant differences between federal states and slaughter rates. The standardized deviations of modeled dead cattle numbers from occurred deaths per calendar year per holding were calculated and a 95% reference range of deviations constructed. This approach makes a standardized active monitoring and surveillance system regardless of herd size possible, offering a useful, inexpensive and easy implementable aid in the detection of holdings deviant from mortality levels of the national herd. PMID:25496775

  13. Developing New Earth and Space National Science Standards

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wysession, M. E.

    2011-12-01

    The new Next Generation Science Standards being written by Achieve, Inc., which are based upon the NRC's "Conceptual Framework for New Science Education Standards," represents a positive opportunity for Earth and Space Science (ESS) to make significant advancements in the quality and quantity of instruction in K-12 classrooms. ESS is given equal footing with Life and Physical Sciences in the NRC Framework, which recommends that important ESS concepts be taught into high school, a departure from the the current norm where ESS rarely taught beyond middle school. There are several aspects that contribute to the new emphasis that is given to ESS: 1) A strong case is made for the many societally relevant issues (changing climate patterns, natural hazards, mineral and energy resources, dwindling water supplies, human impacts on environments), which dominate the whole third (of three) of the "Big Ideas" of the framework; 2) The new systems approach to ESS science provides an increased coherency to the subject matter that allows it to be easily connected to the Physical, Life, and Engineering content through a set of cross-cutting themes; 3) Climate and climate change is given a prominent position in the ESS content because it can be seen as a capstone of science education, incorporating nearly all of the Earth and Planetary systems as well as content in Physical, Life, and Engineering; 4) The recently created literacy frameworks generated by the Earth, Ocean, Atmosphere, and Climate communities provide legitimacy and a strong justification for the necessity to teach ESS throughout the K-12 curriculum. Many significant roadblocks remain to creating a fully ESS-literate American public, but the recent efforts to create a new set of nationally-adopted K-12 science education standards represent a positive step forward.

  14. VISITING COMMITTEE ON ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    VISITING COMMITTEE ON ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Standards and Technology 2007 Annual Report Visiting Committee on Advanced Technology of the National Institute of Standards and Technology U.S. Department of Commerce March 3, 2008 #12;VISITING COMMITTEE ON ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY National

  15. STANDARDS OF FUNCTIONAL MEASUREMENTS IN OCULAR TOXICOLOGY.

    EPA Science Inventory

    The visual system, like other sensory systems, may be a frequent target of exposure to toxic chemicals. A thorough evaluation of visual toxicity should include both structural and functional measures. Sensory evoked potentials are one set of neurophysiological procedures that...

  16. Performing with Understanding: The Challenge of the National Standards for Music Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reimer, Bennett, Ed.

    This collection of essays presents key ideas and practical suggestions for implementing the National Standards for Music Education through performance. Following a Preface and Music Content Standards for Grades K-12, essays in the collection are (1) "The Power of the National Standards for Music Education" (Paul R. Lehman); (2) "What Is…

  17. The Federal Government and Information Technology Standards: Building the National Information Infrastructure.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Radack, Shirley M.

    1994-01-01

    Examines the role of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in the development of the National Information Infrastructure (NII). Highlights include the standards process; voluntary standards; Open Systems Interconnection problems; Internet Protocol Suite; consortia; government's role; and network security. (16 references) (LRW)

  18. National and State Standards in Science and Their Potential Influence on Undergraduate Science Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Labov, Jay B.

    2006-01-01

    This article addresses some of the issues that surround national science education standards for Grades K-12 and presents a more general and updated introduction to national and state science standards. It also provides a brief overview of the science content standards movement in the United States, insights into the forces that have caused the…

  19. National Educational Technology Standards: Developing New Learning Environments for Today's Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bitter, Gary; Thomas, Lajeane; Knezek, Donald G.; Friske, Joyce; Taylor, Harriet; Wiebe, James; Kelly, M. G. Peggy

    1997-01-01

    The National Educational Technology Standards Project, partly funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, aims to develop technology performance standards for preK-12 students, establish specific applications of technology throughout the curriculum, provide standards for supporting technology in schools, and address student…

  20. National Construction of Global Education: A Critical Review of the National Curriculum Standards for South Korean Global High Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sung, Youl-Kwan; Park, Minjeong; Choi, Il-Seon

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, the authors investigate what global visions of education are reflected in the selected national curriculum standards, with special reference to two seemingly contradictory forces: globalization and nationalism. This paper examines the socio-economic and cultural foundations of the curriculum and explains how the national curriculum…

  1. National Institute of Standards and Technology: Manufacturing Portal

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has a long history in the U.S. Government, funded in 1901 as the first federal physical science research laboratory. One of their emphases is on manufacturing. The areas covered on their website include green manufacturing, lean manufacturing (more efficient manufacturing), process improvement, and systems integration. Once visitors choose a subject area, they will have the choice to check out even more specific topics to investigate. There is also a "News and Events" section, and one news item that will thrill visitors is the "New Video Showcases NIST-Hosted Robotics Competitions in China," which highlights the best of the Mobile Microrobotics and Virtual Manufacturing Automation Competitions. There is also a "Latest Publications" section, some with only an abstract and some with full-text articles. The publication entitled "Co-X Panel Discussion" reveals that Co-X stands for robots with which humans will co-exist, and that is cocktail party fodder for sure.

  2. Medical students call for national standards in anatomical education.

    PubMed

    Farey, John E; Sandeford, Jonathan C; Evans-McKendry, Greg D

    2014-11-01

    The diminishing number of hours dedicated to formal instruction in anatomy has led to a debate within medical education as to the level required for safe clinical practice. We provide a review of the current state of anatomical education in Australian medical schools and state the case for national standards. In light of the review presented, council members of the Australian Medical Students' Association voted to affirm that consideration should be given to developing undergraduate learning goals for anatomy, providing a codified medical student position on the teaching of anatomy in Australian medical schools. Crucially, the position states that time-intensive methods of instruction such as dissection should be a rite of passage for medical students in the absence of evidence demonstrating the superiority of modern teaching methods. We believe the bodies with a vested interest in the quality of medical graduates, namely the Australian Medical Council, Medical Deans Australia & New Zealand, and the postgraduate colleges should collaborate and develop clear guidelines that make explicit the core knowledge of anatomy expected of medical graduates at each stage of their career with a view to safe clinical practice. In addition, Australian universities have a role to play in conducting further research into contemporary learning styles and the most efficacious methods of delivering anatomical education. PMID:24661596

  3. 30 CFR Appendix I to Subpart M of... - National Consensus Standards

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 2012-07-01 false National Consensus Standards I Appendix I to Subpart M of Part 56 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY... Machinery and Equipment Pt. 56, Subpt. M, App. I Appendix I to Subpart M of Part 56—National...

  4. 30 CFR Appendix I to Subpart M of... - National Consensus Standards

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 2013-07-01 false National Consensus Standards I Appendix I to Subpart M of Part 56 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY... Machinery and Equipment Pt. 56, Subpt. M, App. I Appendix I to Subpart M of Part 56—National...

  5. 77 FR 11390 - Delegation of National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Source Categories; Nevada

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-27

    ...part 63, National Emission Standards for Hazardous...for Source Category: Gasoline Distribution Bulk Terminals...Distribution (non- gasoline). FFFF...Mercury Emissions from...Gasoline Distribution Bulk...

  6. 30 CFR Appendix I to Subpart C of... - National Consensus Standards

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...standard National consensus standard §§ 56.4200, 56.4201 NFPA No. 10—Portable Fire Extinguisher. NFPA No. 11—Low Expansion Foam and Combined Agent Systems. NFPA No. 11A—High Expansion Foam Systems. NFPA No....

  7. 78 FR 53148 - National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Classifications and Public Health Data Standards...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-28

    ...Prevention National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Classifications and Public Health Data Standards Staff, Announces...Observation and evaluation for newborns Oromaxillofacial Disorders...Classifications and Public Health Data Standards Staff,...

  8. 78 FR 14457 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Reciprocating Internal Combustion...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-06

    ...National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines; New Source Performance Standards for Stationary Internal Combustion Engines Correction In rule document 2013-01288, appearing on pages...

  9. NHSC Business Standards Course. A Home Study Course on the Ethical Standards of the National Home Study Council.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Home Study Council, Washington, DC.

    Written expressly for the National Home Study Council (NHSC) school executive, this course is an introduction, refresher, and reminder on the various ethical and administrative standards developed by and required of NHSC-accredited schools. It is intended to acquaint accredited school staff with the NHSC Business Standards and should become an…

  10. Standardization of National Languages. Proceedings of a Symposium on Language Standardization (Hamburg, Germany, February 2-3, 1991).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    von Gleich, Utta, Ed.; Wolff, Ekkehard, Ed.

    The purpose of the symposium was to exchange experiences in the standardization of national languages in different socio-cultural contexts. Examples of the strategies and results of such experiences in Africa, Latin America, and Europe were presented for discussion. Papers presented at the symposium include the following: "Language Standardization

  11. Weights and Measures Standards of the United States: A Brief History. Updated Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Judson, Lewis V.

    This document was published by the National Bureau of Standards to meet the current demand for information on the history of weights and measures in the United States. It includes an illustrated discussion of this history through 1962 followed by an addendum covering the period 1963-1975. Appendices provide a bibliography and photographic copies…

  12. National appliance efficiency standards in the USA: cost-effective federal regulations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Howard Geller

    1997-01-01

    This paper reviews the status of Federal appliance and equipment efficiency standards in the United States and summarizes the impacts these standards are having on consumers, manufacturers, and the nation. It shows that standards already adopted are expected to save consumers $132 billion net and displace the need for 31 large (500 MW) baseload power plants by 2000. Existing standards

  13. 1 | 2008 -Initial Physical Education Teacher Education Standards and Elements 2008 National Association for Sport and Physical Education

    E-print Network

    Milchberg, Howard

    1 | 2008 - Initial Physical Education Teacher Education Standards and Elements 2008 National Association for Sport and Physical Education Initial Physical Education Teacher Education Standards and Elements Source: (In press) NASPE (National Association for Sport and Physical Education). "2008 National

  14. Microgravity effects on standardized cognitive performance measures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schiflett, Samuel G.

    1992-01-01

    The purpose of this experiment, selected to fly on the International Microgravity Laboratory (IML-2) Spacelab mission, is to determine the effects of microgravity upon the cognitive skills which are critical to successful performance of many tasks on board the Space Shuttle. Six tests from the Unified Tri-service Cognitive Performance Assessment Battery (UTC-PAB) will be administered to the Mission Specialists to fulfill the goals of this experiment. These tests are based upon current theoretical models of human performance and the hypothesized effects of microgravity. The principle objective is the identification of the effects of microgravity upon specific information processing skills affecting performance from those of fatigue and shifts in work/rest cycles. Multiple measures of both short and long term fatigue will be obtained and used as a major independent variable for the analysis of these performance data. Scientific supporting studies will determine optimum practice and performance testing schedules for the astronauts. The same tests will be used post-flight to collect data on the recovery of any cognitive performance impairment compared with pre-flight, baseline levels.

  15. Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards, volume 91, number 1, January-February 1986

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1986-02-01

    The Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards, Volume 91, Number 1, January-February 1986 contains the following: Ruggedness Testing-Part I: Ignoring Interactions; Ruggedness Testing-Part II; Recognizing Interactions; Effect of Variables on pH Measurement in Acid-Rain-Like Solutions as Determined by Ruggedness Tests; An Interlaboratory Test of pH Measurements in Rainwater; Development of a Standard Reference Material for Rainwater Analysis. The Journal also advances features in measurement methodology and analyses consistent with the NBS responsibility as the nation's measurement science laboratory. It includes reports on instrumentation for making accurate and precise measurements in fields of physical science and engineering, as well as the mathematical models of phenomena which enable the predictive determination of information in regions where measurements may be absent. Papers on critical data, calibration techniques, quality assurance programs, and well characterized reference materials reflect NBS programs in these areas.

  16. A Network for Standardized Ocean Color Validation Measurements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zibordi, Giuseppe; Holben, Brent; Hooker, Stanford; Melin, Frederic; Berthon, Jean-Francois; Slutsker, Ilya; Giles, David; Vandemark, Doug; Feng, Hui; Rutledge, Ken; Schuster, Gregory; Al Mandoos, Abdulla

    2006-01-01

    The Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) was developed to support atmospheric studies at various scales with measurements from worldwide distributed autonomous sunphotometers [Holben et al. 1998]. AERONET has now extended its support to marine applications through the additional capability of measuring the radiance emerging from the sea with modified sun-photometers installed on offshore platforms like lighthouses, navigation aids, oceanographic and oil towers. The functionality of this added network component called AERONET - Ocean Color (AERONET-OC), has been verified at different sites and deployment structures over a four year testing phase. Continuous or occasional deployment platforms (see Fig. 1) included: the Acqua Alta Oceanographic Tower (AAOT) of the Italian National Research Council in the northern Adriatic Sea since spring 2002; the Martha s Vineyard Coastal Observatory (MVCO) tower of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in the Atlantic off the Massachusetts coast for different periods since spring 2004; the TOTAL Abu-Al-Bukhoosh oil Platform (AABP, shown through an artistic rendition in Fig. 1) in the Persian (Arabian) Gulf in fall 2004; the Gustaf Dal n Lighthouse Tower (GDLT) of the Swedish Maritime Administration in the Baltic Sea in summer 2005; and the platform at the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Ocean Validation Experiment (COVE) site located in the Atlantic Ocean off the Virginia coast since fall 2005. Data collected during the network testing phase, confirm the capability of AERONET-OC to support the validation of marine optical remote sensing products through standardized measurements of normalized water-leaving radiance, LWN, and aerosol optical thickness, a, at multiple coastal sites.

  17. 40 CFR Appendix P to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone P Appendix P to Part...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone 1. General ...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone (O3 ) specified...

  18. 40 CFR Appendix P to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone P Appendix P to Part...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone 1. General ...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone (O3 ) specified...

  19. 40 CFR Appendix P to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone P Appendix P to Part...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone 1. General ...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone (O3 ) specified...

  20. 40 CFR Appendix P to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone P Appendix P to Part...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone 1. General ...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone (O3 ) specified...

  1. Defining and Measuring Academic Standards: A British Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alderman, Geoffrey

    2009-01-01

    Historically, the definition and measurement of academic standards in British higher education have been the exclusive prerogative of the academic community. The calibration of standards across institutions was the responsibility and purpose of the external-examiner system. But the mechanisms in place to achieve these ends have broken down under…

  2. Temperature standards, what and where: resources for effective temperature measurements

    SciTech Connect

    Johnston, W.W. Jr.

    1982-01-01

    Many standards have been published to describe devices, methods, and other topics. How they are developed and by whom are briefly described, and an attempt is made to extract most of those relating to temperature measurements. A directory of temperature standards and their sources is provided.

  3. A Measure of Failure: The Political Origins of Standardized Testing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garrison, Mark J.

    2009-01-01

    How did standardized tests become the measure of performance in our public schools? In this compelling work, Mark J. Garrison attempts to answer this question by analyzing the development of standardized testing, from the days of Horace Mann and Alfred Binet to the current scene. Approaching the issue from a sociohistorical perspective, the author…

  4. 77 FR 37617 - Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Head Protection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-22

    ...OSHA also is including the construction industry in this rulemaking to ensure...Standards B. Updating the Construction Industry Standard IV. Procedural...did not propose to revise construction industry standards covering...

  5. 77 FR 37587 - Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Head Protection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-22

    ...OSHA also is including the construction industry in this rulemaking to ensure...Standards B. Updating the Construction Industry Standard IV. Procedural...did not propose to revise construction industry standards covering...

  6. 78 FR 66642 - Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Signage

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-06

    ...signage standards for general industry and construction by updating the references...OSHA's existing general industry and construction standards, including references...OSHA's existing general industry and construction standards. The DFR...

  7. Radio Astronomers Set New Standard for Accurate Cosmic Distance Measurement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1999-06-01

    A team of radio astronomers has used the National Science Foundation's Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) to make the most accurate measurement ever made of the distance to a faraway galaxy. Their direct measurement calls into question the precision of distance determinations made by other techniques, including those announced last week by a team using the Hubble Space Telescope. The radio astronomers measured a distance of 23.5 million light-years to a galaxy called NGC 4258 in Ursa Major. "Ours is a direct measurement, using geometry, and is independent of all other methods of determining cosmic distances," said Jim Herrnstein, of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) in Socorro, NM. The team says their measurement is accurate to within less than a million light-years, or four percent. The galaxy is also known as Messier 106 and is visible with amateur telescopes. Herrnstein, along with James Moran and Lincoln Greenhill of the Harvard- Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics; Phillip Diamond, of the Merlin radio telescope facility at Jodrell Bank and the University of Manchester in England; Makato Inoue and Naomasa Nakai of Japan's Nobeyama Radio Observatory; Mikato Miyoshi of Japan's National Astronomical Observatory; Christian Henkel of Germany's Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy; and Adam Riess of the University of California at Berkeley, announced their findings at the American Astronomical Society's meeting in Chicago. "This is an incredible achievement to measure the distance to another galaxy with this precision," said Miller Goss, NRAO's Director of VLA/VLBA Operations. "This is the first time such a great distance has been measured this accurately. It took painstaking work on the part of the observing team, and it took a radio telescope the size of the Earth -- the VLBA -- to make it possible," Goss said. "Astronomers have sought to determine the Hubble Constant, the rate of expansion of the universe, for decades. This will in turn lead to an estimate of the age of the universe. In order to do this, you need an unambiguous, absolute distance to another galaxy. We are pleased that the NSF's VLBA has for the first time determined such a distance, and thus provided the calibration standard astronomers have always sought in their quest for accurate distances beyond the Milky Way," said Morris Aizenman, Executive Officer of the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Division of Astronomical Sciences. "For astronomers, this measurement is the golden meter stick in the glass case," Aizenman added. The international team of astronomers used the VLBA to measure directly the motion of gas orbiting what is generally agreed to be a supermassive black hole at the heart of NGC 4258. The orbiting gas forms a warped disk, nearly two light-years in diameter, surrounding the black hole. The gas in the disk includes water vapor, which, in parts of the disk, acts as a natural amplifier of microwave radio emission. The regions that amplify radio emission are called masers, and work in a manner similar to the way a laser amplifies light emission. Determining the distance to NGC 4258 required measuring motions of extremely small shifts in position of these masers as they rotate around the black hole. This is equivalent to measuring an angle one ten-thousandth the width of a human hair held at arm's length. "The VLBA is the only instrument in the world that could do this," said Moran. "This work is the culmination of a 20-year effort at the Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics to measure distances to cosmic masers," said Irwin Shapiro, Director of that institution. Collection of the data for the NGC 4258 project was begun in 1994 and was part of Herrnstein's Ph.D dissertation at Harvard University. Previous observations with the VLBA allowed the scientists to measure the speed at which the gas is orbiting the black hole, some 39 million times more massive than the Sun. They did this by observing the amount of change in the wavelength of the radio wave

  8. 75 FR 10184 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Area Source Standards for Paints and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-05

    ...Pollutants: Area Source Standards for Paints and Allied Products Manufacturing...Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Paints and Allied Products Manufacturing Area...Paint & Coating Manufacturing.. 325510...

  9. Key questions for the upcoming review of the national ambient air quality standards for particulate matter

    SciTech Connect

    Langworthy, L.M. [Hunton and Williams, Washington, DC (United States)

    1998-12-31

    On July 18, 1997, the Administrator of the US Environmental Protection Agency adopted stringent new National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for particulate matter measured as PM2.5 as requisite to protect the public health with an adequate margin of safety. At the same time, the President issued a memorandum to the Administrator recognizing that scientific uncertainties remain both concerning the health effects of particulate matter and the means to reduce such effects. The President also endorsed a plan for implementation of the new standards that called for completion of a review of the standards before any areas would be designated as nonattainment and therefore required to adopt new controls related to the standards. Under the Clean Air Act, such a review must be completed by July 2002. This paper identifies key scientific uncertainties related both to the purported health effects of PM2.5 and to the formulation of control strategies that will effectively reduce the health risk posed by ambient PM2.5, focusing on the issues that were raised during the rulemaking to establish the new standards as well as research priorities identified by EPA and others. It summarizes congressional reaction to these uncertainties. Finally, it explains that EPA`s schedule for the next review of the standards provides little opportunity to complete the needed research and suggests an alternative schedule and appropriate means for responding to the uncertainties that will inevitably remain so that the Agency will have a better record on which to determine whether revision of the PM2.5 standards is appropriate and how to implement the standards that are appropriate in order to protect the public health.

  10. Turmoil, Tirades and Transformation: The Wars for the National History Standards 1991-2004

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henry, Phyllis Margaret

    2010-01-01

    This qualitative research study, in the format of an historical narrative, chronicles the issues, process of consensus, and the impact of the National History Standards Project (NHSP) on local policies and curricula in history education. The "culture wars" for the "National Standards for History" of 1994-1996 and quest for a further clarification…

  11. VISITING COMMITTEE ON ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    VISITING COMMITTEE ON ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Standards and Technology 1 2009 Annual Report Visiting Committee on Advanced Technology (VCAT) of the National Institute of Standards and Technology U.S. Department of Commerce March 3, 2010 #12;VISITING COMMITTEE

  12. Chapter 7: Are the National Standards Achievable?--Conclusions and Recommendations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graber, Kim C.; Locke, Lawrence F.

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this monograph was to present evidence for determining whether school-aged children were progressing toward attainment of the national physical education standards. Developed by a team of experts, the standards describe what students should know and be able to accomplish as a result of quality physical education (National

  13. The United Kingdom National Healthy School Standard: A Framework for Strengthening the School Nurse Role

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wicklander, Molly K.

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this review is to analyze the school nursing role within the National Healthy School Standard (NHSS) in the United Kingdom with a view toward clarifying and strengthening the role of school nurses globally. Within the National Healthy School Standard framework, school nurses serve an integral role in linking health and education…

  14. 76 FR 22383 - National Fire Codes: Request for Proposals for Revision of Codes and Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-21

    ...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Codes: Request for Proposals for Revision...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to announce...NFPA's proposal to revise some of its fire safety codes and standards and...

  15. NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY! NA TJONAL CoMPUTER SECURITY CENTER

    E-print Network

    University William Geer AFCSC Virgil Gibson Grumann Data Systems Dennis Gilbert National Institute of Standards and Technology Irene Gilbert National Institute of Standards and Technology Captain James Goldston Sally Meglathery William H. Murray Noel Nazario Dr. Peter Neumann Nick Pantiuk Donn Parker Dr. Charles P

  16. Assessing the Life Science Knowledge of Students and Teachers Represented by the K-8 National Science Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sadler, Philip M.; Coyle, Harold; Cook Smith, Nancy; Miller, Jaimie; Mintzes, Joel; Tanner, Kimberly; Murray, John

    2013-01-01

    We report on the development of an item test bank and associated instruments based on the National Research Council (NRC) K-8 life sciences content standards. Utilizing hundreds of studies in the science education research literature on student misconceptions, we constructed 476 unique multiple-choice items that measure the degree to which test…

  17. Color gamut assessment standard: construction, characterization and interlaboratory measurement comparison

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Libert, John M.; Kelley, Edward F.; Boynton, Paul A.; Brown, Steven W.; Wall, Christine F.; Campbell, Colin

    2003-07-01

    In earlier papers, NIST proposed a standard illumination source and optical filter targets with which to assess the state-of-the-art of display measurement. The Display Measurement Assessment Transfer Standard (DMATS) was designed to present the display metrologist with a rectangular array of targets such as color filters, polarizers, and grilles, back-lighted by uniform illumination, to be measured using methods and instruments typically used in display performance measurement. A "round robin" interlaboratory measurement exercise using the "standard" artifact suite would enable a first order assessment of display measurement reproducibility, i.e., measurement variability within the electronic display community. The rectangular array design of the DMATS was anticipated to present stray light and color contamination challenges to facilitate identification of error sources deriving from measurement protocols, laboratory environment, and equipment. However, complications in dealing with heating problems threatened to delay the planned laboratory intercomparison. The Gamut Assessment Standard (GAS) was thus designed as an interim solution to enable the NIST scientists and participating measurement laboratories to begin collecting data. The GAS consists of a 150 mm diameter integrating sphere standard illumination source with a stray light elimination tube (SLET) mounted at the exit port. A dual six-position filter wheel is mounted at the SLET exit port. One wheel holds a series of neutral density filters and a second interchangeable wheel holds various color filters. This paper describes the design and construction of the GAS, its initial performance characterization by NIST, and comparison measurements made at NPL. Possible design changes suggested by the results of the preliminary intercomparison are discussed, as are plans for future interlaboratory comparisons and potential use of the GAS as a transfer standard for laboratory self-certification.

  18. National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants—Calendar Year 2010 INL Report for Radionuclides (2011)

    SciTech Connect

    Mark Verdoorn; Tom Haney

    2011-06-01

    This report documents the calendar Year 2010 radionuclide air emissions and resulting effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public from operations at the Department of Energy's Idaho National Laboratory Site. This report was prepared in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, 'Protection of the Environment,' Part 61, 'National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants,' Subpart H, 'National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other than Radon from Department of Energy Facilities.'

  19. 77 FR 34020 - National Fire Codes: Request for Public Input for Revision of Codes and Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-08

    ...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Codes: Request for Public Input for Revision...This notice contains the list of National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) documents...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to...

  20. 78 FR 24725 - National Fire Codes: Request for Public Input for Revision of Codes and Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-26

    ...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Codes: Request for Public Input for Revision...This notice contains the list of National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) documents...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to...

  1. 77 FR 67628 - National Fire Codes: Request for Public Input for Revision of Codes and Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-13

    ...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Codes: Request for Public Input for Revision...This notice contains the list of National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) documents...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to...

  2. Lightning Risk Assessment of Teaching Building and Electronics Based on the New National Standard

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cui Xue

    2010-01-01

    From November 2008 onwards, China implements GB\\/T 21714.2-2008 lightning protection design standards of buildings, which applies to the lightning risk assessment of buildings and public facilities. This paper based on the new national standards assesses risks of lightning strike to a teaching building, for the application and popularization of the new national standards for reference. In this paper, carries out

  3. TRENDS IN POWER PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT STANDARDS Troels F. Pedersen

    E-print Network

    TRENDS IN POWER PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT STANDARDS Troels F. Pedersen The Test Station for Wind a wind energy project is planned, this uncertainty of the measured power performance of a wind turbine the uncertainties substantially. Wind turbines are erected at positions where they produce the most power, which

  4. Measurement of Cantilever's Spring Constant with Cms Electrostatic Force Standard

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Sheng-Jui; Pan, Sheau-Shi; Yeh, Yu-Shan; Lin, Yi-Ching

    The mechanical property is one of the important parameters for evaluating micro/nano-scale materials. The measurement of micro/nano-mechanical property usually involves measurements of small displacement and force. To provide a traceable force standard in micro/nano-newton level, we have developed a force measurement system based on electrostatic sensing and actuation techniques. The system mainly consists of a monolithic flexure stage, a three-electrode capacitor and a digital controller. The three-electrode capacitor is utilized as a position sensor, and at the same time an electrostatic force actuator. The force under measurement is balanced by a compensation electrostatic force which is traceable to electrical and length standards. A commercial cantilever-type micro-force probe was used in this calibration experiment. The force probe was brought to contact with and press into the load button (a ruby sphere) of the force measurement system by a closed-loop controlled z-scanner. The spring constant was obtained from the average slope determined from measured force-displacement curves and was found to be (2.26 ± 0.01) N/m where the given uncertainty is one standard deviation. We have successfully demonstrated the calibration of the microforce probe using our self-developed electrostatic sensing and actuating force measurement system. The measured spring constant is consistent with the manufacturer's specification, and the relative standard deviation is less than 0.5%. Note from Publisher: This article contains the abstract only.

  5. National Cost-effectiveness of ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010 Compared to ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007

    SciTech Connect

    Thornton, Brian; Halverson, Mark A.; Myer, Michael; Loper, Susan A.; Richman, Eric E.; Elliott, Douglas B.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Rosenberg, Michael I.

    2013-11-30

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) completed this project for the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP). DOE’s BECP supports upgrading building energy codes and standards, and the states’ adoption, implementation, and enforcement of upgraded codes and standards. Building energy codes and standards set minimum requirements for energy-efficient design and construction for new and renovated buildings, and impact energy use and greenhouse gas emissions for the life of buildings. Continuous improvement of building energy efficiency is achieved by periodically upgrading energy codes and standards. Ensuring that changes in the code that may alter costs (for building components, initial purchase and installation, replacement, maintenance and energy) are cost-effective encourages their acceptance and implementation. ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1 is the energy standard for commercial and multi-family residential buildings over three floors.

  6. NIST New Humidity Standard for Water Vapor Measurements in Troposphere and Stratosphere

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, P.

    2012-12-01

    The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) realizes, maintains, and disseminates the national measurement standards for humidity and that for many years it has provided industry, government and academia a service for the calibration of water vapor-measuring instruments. NIST has developed a precision humidity standard, based on the principle of divided flow, for producing air of known mixing ratios in the range 0.5 ppm to 1050 ppm by volume with a maximum expanded uncertainty (coverage factor k=2, corresponding to approximately 95% confidence level) of 0.26 % of the value. This high accuracy is accomplished by combining precise flow element standards with high purity mass flow controllers. Specific mixing ratios at the desired volumetric flow rate are determined by activating the appropriate valves via a computer-controlled multiplexer. The wet gas stream is produced by operating a standard saturator maintained at a constant temperature 1 °C and pressure 0.3 MPa in order to achieve a combined uncertainty of 0.1 % of 2214 ppm by volume in water vapor concentration. The new NIST standard can be used to calibrate various hygrometers currently used for atmospheric water vapor measurements in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere, such as atmospheric pressure ionization mass spectrometer (APIMS), chemical ionization mass spectrometer (CIMS), infrared optical hygrometer, chilled-mirror frost-point hygrometer, Lyman-alpha hygrometer and microwave refractometer. A laboratory calibration provides essentially the Type B standard uncertainty of the mean value measured by a hygrometer as mentioned above. Type A evaluation of standard uncertainty, which characterize the dispersion of the observed values about their mean, is then combined to determine the expanded uncertainty of a measurand. It is essential that field instruments receive basic calibration under carefully controlled laboratory conditions. NIST calibrations may help resolve the long-standing discrepancies observed in water vapor measurements from aircraft platforms.

  7. National Standard Details Library An Electronic Library of Parametric CAD Details

    E-print Network

    Amor, Robert

    National Standard Details Library ­ An Electronic Library of Parametric CAD Details James Nyambayo the development of a demonstrator library of parameterised standard CAD Details on the Internet. The library of the project has been to develop a framework for the development of standard CAD details for specific areas

  8. SODA FOUNTAIN-LUNCHEONETTE EQUIPMENT AND APPURTENANCES. NATIONAL SANITATION FOUNDATION STANDARD NO. 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Sanitation Foundation, Ann Arbor, MI.

    THIS STANDARD OF SODA FOUNTAIN-LUNCHEONETTE EQUIPMENT IS THE FIRST IN A SERIES OF NATIONAL SANITATION FOUNDATION STANDARDS. THESE STANDARDS ARE ISSUED IN RECOGNITION OF THE LONG FELT NEED FOR A COMMON UNDERSTANDING OF THE PROBLEMS OF SANITATION INVOLVING INDUSTRIAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE HEALTH OFFICIALS WHOSE OBLIGATION IT IS TO ENFORCE REGULATIONS.…

  9. The Debate Over the National Standards: An Assessment by Three Historians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adomanis, James F.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Includes three brief essays responding to the current controversy over the National Standards for United States History. James F. Adomanis defends the standards and decries the media circus. Brian Boland casts a skeptical eye towards trendy educational reforms. Philip Reed Rulon finds the standards arbitrary and restrictive. (MJP)

  10. 40 CFR 50.18 - National primary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...primary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5. 50.18 Section 50.18 Protection...primary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5 . (a) The national primary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5 are 12.0 micrograms per cubic...

  11. 40 CFR 50.18 - National primary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...primary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5. 50.18 Section 50.18 Protection...primary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5 . (a) The national primary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5 are 12.0 micrograms per cubic...

  12. Behind the Curtain: Assessing the Case for National Curriculum Standards. Policy Analysis. No. 661

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCluskey, Neal

    2010-01-01

    The argument for national curriculum standards sounds simple: set high standards, make all schools meet them, and watch American students achieve at high levels. It is straightforward and compelling, and it is driving a sea change in American education policy. Unfortunately, setting high standards and getting American students to hit them is…

  13. [National Conference on Cataloguing Standards (Ottawa, May 19-20, 1970].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Library of Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).

    The following papers were presented at an invitational conference on cataloging standards: (1) "Canadiana Meets Automation;" (2) "The Union Catalogues in the National Library - The Present Condition;" (3) "A Centralized Bibliographic Data Bank;" (4) "The Standardization of Cataloguing;" (5) "The Standardization of Cataloguing; a summary;" (6)…

  14. 40 CFR 50.15 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. 50.15 Section 50.15 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. (a) The level of the national 8-hour...secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone (O3 ) is 0.075 parts per...

  15. Political Realities: To Get National Standards, Leaders Will Need to Be Bold

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gordon, Robert

    2006-01-01

    Politicians, less interested in purity than in popularity, are generally wary of national standards. Yet a standards-based accountability system is the core component of NCLB, and in some ways it has made standards advocates victims of their own success. Now, many activists are agitating to cut back the role of Washington in education, and a…

  16. ISO standardization to ensure traceability of vibration and shock acceleration measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    von Martens, Hans-Jurgen

    2002-11-01

    Traceability to the International System of Units (SI) is increasingly demanded for vibration and shock measurements as specified in international standards, recommendations, and regulations to ensure product quality, health, and safety. Hierarchies of measurement standards have been established and are operated at the National Metrology Institutes (NMIs) as well as accredited and nonaccredited calibration laboratories. To meet the increasing demands, a revision of the ISO 5347 series, renumbered to ISO 16063, started in 1995 (ISO TC 108). Improved and new standard methods for vibration and shock calibration have been specified at the different traceability levels. For primary vibration calibration by laser interferometry at the NMI level, ISO 16063-11:1999 has extended the frequency range (0,4 Hz-10 kHz) and included absolute-phase shift measurement. ISO 16063-13:2001 provides interferometric primary shock calibration (100 m/s2-100000 m/s2). For vibration and shock calibration at lower levels, parts 21 and 22 of ISO 16063 provide upgraded comparison methods. ISO standards for the calibration of angular transducers by laser interferometry (part 15) and by comparison (part 23) are under development. Using the methods specified, national standards and calibration equipment have been developed for calibration laboratories, offering many new and improved calibration and measurement capabilities and thus international traceability.

  17. 78 FR 35559 - Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Signage

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-13

    ...rule to update its general industry and construction signage standards by adding...provisions of OSHA's general industry and construction standards: 29 CFR 1910...Background, that many general industry and construction employers currently...

  18. 78 FR 35585 - Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Signage

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-13

    ...proposes to update its general industry and construction signage standards by adding...provisions of OSHA's general industry and construction standards: 29 CFR 1910...Background, that many general industry and construction employers currently...

  19. 78 FR 65932 - Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Signage

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-04

    ...rule revising its signage standards for general industry and construction. DATES: Effective November 4, 2013, OSHA...updating its signage standards for general industry and construction. In the DFR, OSHA stated that it would...

  20. National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Calendar Year 2005

    Microsoft Academic Search

    2006-01-01

    The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is operated by the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA\\/NSO). From 1951 through 1992, the NTS was operated as the nations site for nuclear weapons testing. The release of man-made radionuclides from the NTS as a result of testing activities has been monitored since the first decade of atmospheric

  1. Applicability of ISO standard methods to vibration measurements at high frequencies and high accelerations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martens, Hans-Jürgen Von

    2012-06-01

    New and revised laser methods and techniques developed by national metrology institutes and by leading manufacturers in the past two decades have been swiftly specified as standard methods in the ISO 16063 series of international document standards. The first international standard for the calibration of laser vibrometers, ISO 16063-41:2011, specifies the instrumentation and procedures for performing primary and secondary calibrations of rectilinear laser vibrometers in "typical" ranges of frequency (0,4 Hz to 50 kHz) and other conditions, with "typical attainable uncertainties" (0,25% to 5% for different specified conditions). This allows the specified standard methods to apply with refined techniques and procedures achieving even wider measurement ranges and smaller measurement uncertainties than that specified in the ISO standard. Recent theoretical and experimental investigations demonstrate the applicability of the standardized interferometric methods up to frequencies considerably higher than 50 kHz if measurable vibration amplitudes are generated. Sinusoidal vibration was generated by a piezoelectric actuator at frequencies between 63 kHz and 347 kHz and the displacement was measured by different interferometric standard methods applied simultaneously. Their results differed by less than 1% from each other. From the analysis of the results it is expected that frequencies up to 500 kHz are achievable.

  2. Standardization of ABO Antibody Titer Measurement at Laboratories in Korea

    PubMed Central

    Kang, Seon Joo

    2014-01-01

    Background Measurement of the ABO antibody (Ab) titer is important in ABO-incompatible transplantation. However, to the best of our knowledge, no standard protocol or external survey program to measure the ABO Ab titer has been established in Korea. We investigated the current status of ABO Ab titer measurements at various laboratories in Korea and the impact of the protocol provided to reduce interlaboratory variations in the methods and results of ABO Ab titers. Methods The Korean external quality assessment of blood bank laboratories sent external survey samples with a questionnaire to 68 laboratories across Korea for the measurement of ABO Ab titers in May 2012. After 6 months, a second set of survey samples were sent with a standard protocol to 53 of the previously surveyed laboratories. The protocol recommended incubation at room temperature only and use of the indirect antihuman globulin method for the tube test as well as and the column agglutination test (CAT). Results Several interlaboratory variations were observed in the results, technical procedures, and methods selected for measurement. We found that 80.4% laboratories hoped to change their protocol to the provisional one. Additionally, CAT showed significantly lower variation among laboratories (P=0.006) than the tube test. Conclusions Our study provides baseline data regarding the current status of ABO Ab titer measurement in Korea. The standard protocol and external survey were helpful to standardize the technical procedures and select methods for ABO Ab titer measurement. PMID:25368821

  3. Correlation of topography measurements of NIST SRM 2460 standard bullets by four techniques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Song, J.; Vorburger, T.; Renegar, T.; Rhee, H.; Zheng, A.; Ma, L.; Libert, J.; Ballou, S.; Bachrach, B.; Bogart, K.

    2006-03-01

    Three optical instruments including an interferometric microscope, a Nipkow disc confocal microscope and a laser scanning confocal microscope and a stylus instrument are used for the measurements of bullet profile signatures of a National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Standard Reference Material (SRM) 2460 standard bullet. The two-dimensional profile signatures are compared with the virtual bullet standard signature established by the same stylus instrument. The bullet signature differences are quantified by the maximum cross-correlation function CCFmax. If the compared signatures were exactly the same, CCFmax would be 100%. Comparison results show close agreement among the four techniques for bullet profile signature measurements. The average CCFmax values are higher than 90%. This supports the possibility of using surface topography techniques for ballistic identifications as an alternative to the current technology based on image comparisons.

  4. Early Standard Model Measurement and Determination of Standard Model Background for Searches

    E-print Network

    S. Beauceron

    2008-08-27

    The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN in Geneva (Switzerland) will go in operation in the coming months and will soon enable us to analyze the highest energy collisions ever produced at an accelerator. Beyond Standard Model searches at LHC require a detailed understanding of the detector performance, reconstruction algorithms and triggering. Precision measurements of Standard Model processes are also mandatory to acquire the necessary knowledge of Standard Model background. Both ATLAS and CMS efforts are hence addressed to determine the best calibration candles and to design a realistic plan for the initial period of data taking.

  5. National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants—Calendar Year 2013 INL Report for Radionuclides (2014)

    SciTech Connect

    Mark Verdoorn; Tom Haney

    2014-06-01

    This report documents the calendar year 2011 radionuclide air emissions and resulting effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public from operations at the Department of Energy’s Idaho National Laboratory Site. This report was prepared in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, “Protection of the Environment,” Part 61, “National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants,” Subpart H, “National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other than Radon from Department of Energy Facilities.” The effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public was 4.58E-02 mrem per year, 0.46 percent of the 10 mrem standard.

  6. National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants—Calendar Year 2011 INL Report for Radionuclides (2012)

    SciTech Connect

    Mark Verdoorn; Tom Haney

    2012-06-01

    This report documents the calendar year 2011 radionuclide air emissions and resulting effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public from operations at the Department of Energy's Idaho National Laboratory Site. This report was prepared in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, 'Protection of the Environment,' Part 61, 'National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants,' Subpart H, 'National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other than Radon from Department of Energy Facilities.' The effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public was 4.58E-02 mrem per year, 0.46 percent of the 10 mrem standard.

  7. National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants—Calendar Year 2012 INL Report for Radionuclides (2013)

    SciTech Connect

    Mark Verdoorn; Tom Haney

    2013-06-01

    This report documents the calendar year 2011 radionuclide air emissions and resulting effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public from operations at the Department of Energy’s Idaho National Laboratory Site. This report was prepared in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, “Protection of the Environment,” Part 61, “National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants,” Subpart H, “National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other than Radon from Department of Energy Facilities.” The effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public was 4.58E-02 mrem per year, 0.46 percent of the 10 mrem standard.

  8. Acceptance Factors Influencing Adoption of National Institute of Standards and Technology Information Security Standards: A Quantitative Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kiriakou, Charles M.

    2012-01-01

    Adoption of a comprehensive information security governance model and security controls is the best option organizations may have to protect their information assets and comply with regulatory requirements. Understanding acceptance factors of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Risk Management Framework (RMF) comprehensive…

  9. A standard for measuring metadata quality in spectral libraries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rasaiah, B.; Jones, S. D.; Bellman, C.

    2013-12-01

    A standard for measuring metadata quality in spectral libraries Barbara Rasaiah, Simon Jones, Chris Bellman RMIT University Melbourne, Australia barbara.rasaiah@rmit.edu.au, simon.jones@rmit.edu.au, chris.bellman@rmit.edu.au ABSTRACT There is an urgent need within the international remote sensing community to establish a metadata standard for field spectroscopy that ensures high quality, interoperable metadata sets that can be archived and shared efficiently within Earth observation data sharing systems. Metadata are an important component in the cataloguing and analysis of in situ spectroscopy datasets because of their central role in identifying and quantifying the quality and reliability of spectral data and the products derived from them. This paper presents approaches to measuring metadata completeness and quality in spectral libraries to determine reliability, interoperability, and re-useability of a dataset. Explored are quality parameters that meet the unique requirements of in situ spectroscopy datasets, across many campaigns. Examined are the challenges presented by ensuring that data creators, owners, and data users ensure a high level of data integrity throughout the lifecycle of a dataset. Issues such as field measurement methods, instrument calibration, and data representativeness are investigated. The proposed metadata standard incorporates expert recommendations that include metadata protocols critical to all campaigns, and those that are restricted to campaigns for specific target measurements. The implication of semantics and syntax for a robust and flexible metadata standard are also considered. Approaches towards an operational and logistically viable implementation of a quality standard are discussed. This paper also proposes a way forward for adapting and enhancing current geospatial metadata standards to the unique requirements of field spectroscopy metadata quality. [0430] BIOGEOSCIENCES / Computational methods and data processing [0480] BIOGEOSCIENCES / Remote sensing [1904] INFORMATICS / Community standards [1912] INFORMATICS / Data management, preservation, rescue [1926] INFORMATICS / Geospatial [1930] INFORMATICS / Data and information governance [1946] INFORMATICS / Metadata [1952] INFORMATICS / Modeling [1976] INFORMATICS / Software tools and services [9810] GENERAL OR MISCELLANEOUS / New fields

  10. Research on impact of the environmental factors on National Institute of Telecommunications time standards stability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marszalec, M.; Lusawa, Marzenna

    2014-11-01

    National Institute of Telecommunications (NIT) has been operating time standards from over 15 years. They are part of worldwide and national time comparison system and are used in calculations of international and polish timescales, International Atomic Time Scale (TAI), Universal Time Coordinated (UTC), Polish Atomic Time Scale (TA(PL)) and Polish Official Time (UTC(PL)). This year the standards has been moved to new Time Standards Chamber which is precisely air conditioned and power secured. This article presents some interesting considerations on impact of the environmental factors on time standards stability.

  11. Measurement of Microchannel Fluidic Resistance with a Standard Voltage Meter

    PubMed Central

    Godwin, Leah A.; Deal, Kennon S.; Hoepfner, Lauren D.; Jackson, Louis A.; Easley, Christopher J.

    2012-01-01

    A simplified method for measuring the fluidic resistance (Rfluidic) of microfluidic channels is presented, in which the electrical resistance (Relec) of a channel filled with a conductivity standard solution can be measured and directly correlated to Rfluidic using a simple equation. Although a slight correction factor could be applied in this system to improve accuracy, results showed that a standard voltage meter could be used without calibration to determine Rfluidic to within 12% error. Results accurate to within 2% were obtained when a geometric correction factor was applied using these particular channels. When compared to standard flow rate measurements, such as meniscus tracking in outlet tubing, this approach provided a more straightforward alternative and resulted in lower measurement error. The method was validated using 9 different fluidic resistance values (from ~40 – 600 kPa s mm?3) and over 30 separately fabricated microfluidic devices. Furthermore, since the method is analogous to resistance measurements with a voltage meter in electrical circuits, dynamic Rfluidic measurements were possible in more complex microfluidic designs. Microchannel Relec was shown to dynamically mimic pressure waveforms applied to a membrane in a variable microfluidic resistor. The variable resistor was then used to dynamically control aqueous-in-oil droplet sizes and spacing, providing a unique and convenient control system for droplet-generating devices. This conductivity-based method for fluidic resistance measurement is thus a useful tool for static or real-time characterization of microfluidic systems. PMID:23245901

  12. Measurement of microchannel fluidic resistance with a standard voltage meter.

    PubMed

    Godwin, Leah A; Deal, Kennon S; Hoepfner, Lauren D; Jackson, Louis A; Easley, Christopher J

    2013-01-01

    A simplified method for measuring the fluidic resistance (R(fluidic)) of microfluidic channels is presented, in which the electrical resistance (R(elec)) of a channel filled with a conductivity standard solution can be measured and directly correlated to R(fluidic) using a simple equation. Although a slight correction factor could be applied in this system to improve accuracy, results showed that a standard voltage meter could be used without calibration to determine R(fluidic) to within 12% error. Results accurate to within 2% were obtained when a geometric correction factor was applied using these particular channels. When compared to standard flow rate measurements, such as meniscus tracking in outlet tubing, this approach provided a more straightforward alternative and resulted in lower measurement error. The method was validated using 9 different fluidic resistance values (from ?40 to 600kPa smm(-3)) and over 30 separately fabricated microfluidic devices. Furthermore, since the method is analogous to resistance measurements with a voltage meter in electrical circuits, dynamic R(fluidic) measurements were possible in more complex microfluidic designs. Microchannel R(elec) was shown to dynamically mimic pressure waveforms applied to a membrane in a variable microfluidic resistor. The variable resistor was then used to dynamically control aqueous-in-oil droplet sizes and spacing, providing a unique and convenient control system for droplet-generating devices. This conductivity-based method for fluidic resistance measurement is thus a useful tool for static or real-time characterization of microfluidic systems. PMID:23245901

  13. The development of national quality performance standards for disposable absorbent products for adult incontinence.

    PubMed

    Muller, Nancy; McInnis, Elaine

    2013-09-01

    Disposable absorbent products are widely used in inpatient care settings and in the community to manage adult urinary and fecal incontinence, but few product standards exist to help guide their production or optimal use. Increasing costs and reduced revenues have caused a number of states to evaluate absorbent product use among persons who receive care at home with the assistance of the Medicaid Waiver Program, further increasing concerns about the lack of product performance standards. To address these issues, the National Association For Continence (NAFC) formed a council of experts and key stakeholders with the objective of establishing national, independent quality performance standards for disposable absorbent products provided by states to Waiver Program recipients. The Council consisted of representatives from five purposefully selected states, technical directors from six nonwoven product manufacturers, an officer of the nonwoven manufactures trade association, a delegate from an academic nursing program and professional societies, a family caregiver, and a patient representative. Following a consensus method and guidelines for use, nine specific recommendations were developed, posted for public comment, and further refined. Final recommendations for product performance assessment include: rewet rate (a measure of a product's ability to withstand multiple incontinent episodes between changes), rate of acquisition (a measure of the speed at which urine is drawn away from the skin by a product, product retention capacity (a measure of a product's capacity to hold fluid without rewetting the skin), sizing options, absorbency levels, product safety, closure technology, breathable zones (a measure of the air permeability across a textile-like fabric at a controlled differential pressure), and elasticity. The Council also set values for and recommended four quantifiable parameters, and the testing methodology associated with each, to help consumers and states evaluate absorbent products (medium adult size): Maximum Rewet Rate: <1.0-2.0 g for briefs and <0.5-1.0 g for underwear; Maximum Rate of Acquisition: <50-60 seconds for briefs and <35-45 seconds for underwear; Minimum Retention Capacity: >250 g for standard briefs or underwear and >400 g for premium briefs or underwear; and Breathability of Zones: Minimum of >100 cubic feet per minute. As these recommendations are implemented, research is needed to evaluate the impact on both cost and quality of care for further refinement and modifications, particularly as technology and knowledge is advanced. PMID:24018391

  14. USDA NATIONAL NUTRIENT DATABASE FOR STANDARD REFERENCE, RELEASE NO. 18

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 18 contains data for 7,147 food items for up to 136 food components when a complete profile is available for a food item. It replaces the previous release, SR17, issued in August 2004. Data in SR18 supersede values in the printed Handbooks a...

  15. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 20

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 20 contains data for 7,517 food items for up to 140 food components when a complete profile is available for a food item. It replaces the previous release, SR19, issued in August 2006. Data in SR20 supersede values in printed USDA handbooks ...

  16. USDA NATIONAL NUTRIENT DATABASE FOR STANDARD REFERENCE, RELEASE 19

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 19 contains data for 7,291 food items for up to 140 food components when a complete profile is available for a food item. It replaces the previous release, SR18, issued in August 2005. Data in SR19 supersede values in the printed Handbooks a...

  17. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 24

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 24 contains data for over 7,900 food items for up to 146 food components. It replaces the previous release, SR23, issued in September 2010. Data in SR24 supersede values in the printed Handbooks and previous electronic releases of the databa...

  18. International Benchmarking: State and National Education Performance Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Gary W.

    2014-01-01

    This report uses international benchmarking as a common metric to examine and compare what students are expected to learn in some states with what students are expected to learn in other states. The performance standards in each state were compared with the international benchmarks used in two international assessments, and it was assumed that…

  19. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 23

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 23 contains data for over 7,600 food items for up to 146 food components when a complete profile is available for a food item. It replaces the previous release, SR22, issued in September 2009. Data in SR23 supersede values in the printed h...

  20. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 21

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 21 contains data for 7,414 food items for up to 140 food components when a complete profile is available for a food item. It replaces the previous release, SR20, issued in September 2007. Data in SR21 supersede values in the printed Handbook...

  1. Estimating standardized mortality odds ratios with national mortality followback data.

    PubMed

    Smith, K R; Kliewer, E V

    1995-01-01

    Proportionate mortality analyses are often used to study cause-specific mortality when population denominators are not available. The purpose of this paper is to present an extension of published proportionate mortality ratio logistic regression methods used to analyze such data. This paper describes methods used to estimate standardized mortality odds ratios (SMORs) with numerator data and the problems encountered when external standard rates are not available for all strata of interest. This paper focuses on the case where one has representative mortality followback data. These data are based on a large, representative sample of deaths from a defined population for whom numerous covariates about the decedents are collected from surviving family members. With these data, one may use logistic regression methods to generate fully standardized estimates of risk, SMORs, with numerator data. It is also possible to generate SMORs that allow for effect modification. Mortality followback data are also a more flexible data source from which one may generate substitutes for external standard mortality rate ratios to be used with previously developed SMOR methods. An application of the methods is provided using logistic regression. PMID:7888446

  2. FCS National Standards: Do They Underpin Secondary Curriculum?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Bettye P.; Hall, Helen C.; Jones, Karen H.

    2005-01-01

    This study focuses on the seven standards that are included in a comprehensive (family-oriented) FCS program: (1) Family; (2) Nutrition and Wellness; (3) Human Development; (4) Interpersonal relationships; (5) Career, Community, and Family Connections; (6) Parenting; and (7) Family and Community Services. The study was conducted to better…

  3. Domain 1: Philosophy and Ethics National Standards for Sport Coaches

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Dianne C.

    2004-01-01

    Developing a sound coaching philosophy and displaying ethical behavior is the backbone of effective coaching at any level. Coaches cannot communicate the standards of behavior they expect from their athletes or coaching staff if they have not identified the priorities and values associated with their coaching philosophy. When reflecting on Domain…

  4. Agricultural Biotechnology Technician. National Voluntary Occupational Skill Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Future Farmers of America Foundation, Madison, WI.

    The skill standards in this document were developed as a result of meetings between representatives of the agricultural industry and educational institutions to determine the skills and educational preparation required of an agricultural biotechnology technician, verified by technicians working in laboratories, greenhouses, animal facilities, and…

  5. 40 CFR Appendix S to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen (Nitrogen Dioxide) S Appendix S to Part 50 Protection...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen (Nitrogen Dioxide) 1. General (a)...

  6. 40 CFR Appendix S to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen (Nitrogen Dioxide) S Appendix S to Part 50 Protection...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen (Nitrogen Dioxide) 1. General (a)...

  7. 40 CFR Appendix S to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen (Nitrogen Dioxide) S Appendix S to Part 50 Protection...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen (Nitrogen Dioxide) 1. General (a)...

  8. 40 CFR Appendix S to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen (Nitrogen Dioxide) S Appendix S to Part 50 Protection...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen (Nitrogen Dioxide) 1. General (a)...

  9. 40 CFR Appendix S to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen (Nitrogen Dioxide) S Appendix S to Part 50 Protection...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen (Nitrogen Dioxide) 1. General (a)...

  10. Quantum metrology. Optically measuring force near the standard quantum limit.

    PubMed

    Schreppler, Sydney; Spethmann, Nicolas; Brahms, Nathan; Botter, Thierry; Barrios, Maryrose; Stamper-Kurn, Dan M

    2014-06-27

    The Heisenberg uncertainty principle sets a lower bound on the noise in a force measurement based on continuously detecting a mechanical oscillator's position. This bound, the standard quantum limit, can be reached when the oscillator subjected to the force is unperturbed by its environment and when measurement imprecision from photon shot noise is balanced against disturbance from measurement back-action. We applied an external force to the center-of-mass motion of an ultracold atom cloud in a high-finesse optical cavity and measured the resulting motion optically. When the driving force is resonant with the cloud's oscillation frequency, we achieve a sensitivity that is a factor of 4 above the standard quantum limit and consistent with theoretical predictions given the atoms' residual thermal disturbance and the photodetection quantum efficiency. PMID:24970079

  11. What Has the Federal Renewable Fuels Standard Accomplished - A National Perspective (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Schwab, A.

    2013-04-01

    This presentation provides an overview of the nation's biofuels industry accomplishments and a perspective on the challenges and implications of reaching goals set in the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS).

  12. PREDICTING THE IMPACT OF TROPOSPHERIC OZONE ON ECOLOGICAL RESOURCES FOR SETTING NATIONAL AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Clean Air Act provides for establishing National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) to protect public welfare (including crops, forests, ecosystems, and soils) from adverrse effects of air pollutants, including tropospheric ozone. The formulation of policies is science-bas...

  13. 77 FR 16508 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutant Emissions: Group IV Polymers and Resins...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-21

    ...Hazardous Air Pollutant Emissions: Group IV Polymers and Resins; Pesticide Active Ingredient...Hazardous Air Pollutant Emissions: Group IV Polymers and Resins; National Emission Standards...Hazardous Air Pollutant Emissions: Group IV Polymers and Resins; Pesticide Active...

  14. 75 FR 37730 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants From Petroleum Refineries

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-30

    ...amendments to the national emission standards for petroleum refineries...control requirements to control emissions of hazardous air pollutants...read as follows: Table 4--Gasoline Distribution Emission Point Recordkeeping and...

  15. 76 FR 14807 - Delegation of National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Source Categories...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-18

    ...Subpart WWWWW--National Emission Standards for Hospital...for Source Category: Gasoline Distribution Bulk Terminals...Distribution (non- gasoline). FFFF...Mercury Emissions from X X X...Gasoline...

  16. National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Calendar Year 2006

    SciTech Connect

    NSTec Environmental Technical Services

    2007-06-01

    The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is operated by the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO). From 1951 through 1992, the NTS was operated as the nation's site for nuclear weapons testing. The release of man-made radionuclides from the NTS as a result of testing activities has been monitored since the first decade of atmospheric testing. After 1962, when nuclear tests were conducted only underground, the radiation exposure to the public surrounding the NTS was greatly reduced. After the 1992 moratorium on nuclear testing, radiation monitoring on the NTS focused on detecting airborne radionuclides which come from historically-contaminated soils resuspended into the air (e.g., by winds) and tritium-contaminated soil moisture emitted to the air from soils through evapotranspiration.

  17. u.s. department of commerce national institute of standards and technology manufacturing extension partnership The National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST) Hollings Manufacturing Extension

    E-print Network

    Magee, Joseph W.

    u.s. department of commerce · national institute of standards and technology · manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP) works with small and mid-sized U.S. manufacturers to help them create and retain Acceleration strategy, is designed to bring business opportunities to small U.S. manufacturers with specific

  18. Community Service Satisfaction: The Need for Standard Measurement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trent, Roger B.; And Others

    1983-01-01

    Notes three features of current community service satisfaction research that hinder its progress: weakness of study designs, lack of standard service and disregard for how user satisfaction varies with service use. Makes recommendations regarding the content, reliability, validity, and analysis of useful measures of service satisfaction. (SB)

  19. Standardized Total Integrated Scatter Measurements Of Optical Surfaces

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Detrio, John A.; Miner, Susan M.

    1985-06-01

    In response to the need for specifying the microroughness of optical surfaces, a standard test method for measuring the effective surface roughness of metallized mirrors by total integrated scattering was developed and tested under the auspices of the American Society for Testing and Materials. The "precision" of the test was found to be better than +/-15% by an interlaboratory round-robin test program.

  20. STANDARD SYMBOLS FOR UNITS OF MEASURE AIP IEEE CDR APS

    E-print Network

    Kemner, Ken

    LS-145 STANDARD SYMBOLS FOR UNITS OF MEASURE ____________________________________________________________________________________ ohm ohm centimeter cm, ·cm cm ohms/square /sq, / /sq ounce oz oz (avoir­ oz dupois) pulse per second pps p/s pulse per minute p/min p/min parts per million ppm ­ ppm ppm picofarad pF pF pF p

  1. Oil UV extinction coefficient measurement using a standard spectrophotometer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barbaro, Antongiulio; Mazzinghi, Piero; Cecchi, Giovanna

    1991-03-01

    This paper investigates the possible techniques for measurement of the extinction coefficient of oils in the near UV. Results show that the best technique, in precision and ease of use, is the unknown thickness method. This method allows the use of a standard spectrophotometer. Beer's law is also validated for oils, and a simple function is proposed for fitting the extinction coefficient spectra.

  2. American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Accredited Standards Developer --NIST/ITL Effective March 18, 2008, NIST/ITL has been administratively reaccredited by ANSI under these

    E-print Network

    Magee, Joseph W.

    American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Accredited Standards Developer -- NIST/ITL Effective March 18, 2008, NIST/ITL has been administratively reaccredited by ANSI under these procedures Information Technology Laboratory (NIST/ITL) February 29, 2008 #12;American National Standards Institute (ANSI

  3. American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Accredited Standards Developer --NIST/ITL Effective November15, 2011, NIST/ITL has been administratively reaccredited by ANSI under

    E-print Network

    American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Accredited Standards Developer -- NIST/ITL Effective November15, 2011, NIST/ITL has been administratively reaccredited by ANSI under these procedures Information Technology Laboratory (NIST/ITL) November 15, 2011 #12;American National Standards Institute (ANSI

  4. American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Accredited Standards Developer --NIST/ITL Effective March 12, 2013, NIST/ITL has been administratively reaccredited by ANSI under these

    E-print Network

    American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Accredited Standards Developer -- NIST/ITL Effective March 12, 2013, NIST/ITL has been administratively reaccredited by ANSI under these procedures Information Technology Laboratory (NIST/ITL) March 12, 2013 #12;American National Standards Institute (ANSI

  5. Method for continuous end standard measurement utilizing laser interferometer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cheng, Kai-Yu; Tang, Chung-Chi; Chang, Wei-Cheng; Chen, Chao-Jung; Wu, Tsai-Fu; Chou, Jung-Tsung

    2004-08-01

    For dimensional researches and applications, the end standard measurements are the popular subjects in high precision standard systems or instruments. In general, the gauge blocks are the representative of the end standards. The universal measurement machines (UMM) are usually utilized for the dimensional length of gauge blocks. However, for measuring the dimensional lengths of test gauge blocks (TGBs), they should be compared with the same lengths of the master gauge blocks (MGBs). Thus, there are different lengths of the MGBs needed to be prepared and the measuring procedures are usually very time consuming. In order to lower the cost of procurement and maintenance of MGBs, a continuous end standard measurement system (CESMS) was built for many different test ranges of TGBs. The features of the CESMS included at least one gauge block, the LVDT probes for positioning, the real lengths of the TGBs measured from the display value of the laser interferometer, and total procedures controlled by automation software. All of these parts were integrated onto a large platform and its moving carriage could travel up to 1.2-meter in distance. Within these ranges, the CESMS could measure different dimensional lengths of the TGBs and many pieces at the same time. The CESMS utilized the laser interferometer to acquire the accurate display values between two ends when the LVDT probe was touched and triggered the automation software to record. Owing to the recommended radiation of laser head, the CESMS could be traced to the meter, SI unit. Furthermore, the experiment results showed that the comparison results of certificated gauge block at 800 mm suited for calibration certificate by PTB.

  6. Creation of the ? angle standard for the flat angle measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Giniotis, V.; Rybokas, M.

    2010-07-01

    Angle measurements are based mainly on multiangle prisms - polygons with autocollimators, rotary encoders fo high accuracy and circular scales as the standards of the flat angle. Traceability of angle measurements is based on the standard of the plane angle - prism (polygon) calibrated at an appropriate accuracy. Some metrological institutions have established their special test benches (comparators) equipped with circular scales or rotary encoders of high accuracy and polygons with autocollimators for angle calibration purposes. Nevertheless, the standard (etalon) of plane angle - polygon has many restrictions for the transfer of angle unit - radian (rad) and other units of angle. It depends on the number of angles formed by the flat sides of the polygon that is restricted by technological and metrological difficulties related to the production and accuracy determination of the polygon. A possibility to create the standard of the angle equal to ? rad or half the circle or the full angle is proposed. It can be created by the circular scale with the rotation axis of very high accuracy and two precision reading instruments, usually, photoelectric microscopes (PM), placed on the opposite sides of the circular scale using the special alignment steps. A great variety of angle units and values can be measured and its traceability ensured by applying the third PM on the scale. Calibration of the circular scale itself and other scale or rotary encoder as well is possible using the proposed method with an implementation of ? rad as the primary standard angle. The method proposed enables to assure a traceability of angle measurements at every laboratory having appropriate environment and reading instruments of appropriate accuracy together with a rotary table with the rotation axis of high accuracy - rotation trajectory (runout) being in the range of 0.05 ?m. Short information about the multipurpose angle measurement test bench developed is presented.

  7. Leadership for Change: National Standards for Family and Consumer Sciences Education. Family and Consumer Sciences Teacher Education. Yearbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vail, Ann, Ed.; Fox, Wanda S., Ed.; Wild, Peggy, Ed.

    This book contains 27 papers on the development of national standards for family and consumer sciences (FACS) education. The following papers are included: "Leadership for Change: Developing the National Standards" (Peggy Wild); "National Standards Model" (Wanda S. Fox); "Reasoning for Action" (Wanda S. Fox, Janet F. Laster); "Career, Community,…

  8. Building technology project summaries, 1983-1984 (of the National Bureau of Standards (NEL) Center for Building Technology). Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Raufaste, N.J.; Olmert, M.

    1984-06-01

    The Center for Building Technology (CBT) of the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) is the national building research laboratory. It works cooperatively with other organizations, private and public, to improve building practices. It conducts laboratory, field, and analytical research. It develops technologies to predict, measure, and test the performance of building materials, components, systems, and practices. This knowledge is required for responsible and cost-effective decisions in the building process and cannot be obtained through proprietary research and development. CBT provides technologies needed by the building community to achieve the benefits of advanced computation and automation. CBT does not promulgate building standards or regulations, but its technologies are widely used in the building industry and adopted by governmental and private organizations that have standards and codes responsibilities. CBT programs include: computer-integrated construction, structural safety, earthquake hazards reduction, building physics, building equipment, quality of building materials, and cement hydration.

  9. 75 FR 41991 - Amendments to National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Area Source Standards for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-20

    ...Pollutants: Area Source Standards for Prepared Feeds Manufacturing AGENCY: Environmental Protection...to the regulatory text in the prepared feeds manufacturing area source rule. First... Mail: Area Source NESHAP for Prepared Feeds Manufacturing Docket, Environmental...

  10. 75 FR 42030 - Amendments to National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Area Source Standards for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-20

    ...Pollutants: Area Source Standards for Prepared Feeds Manufacturing AGENCY: Environmental Protection...to the regulatory text in the prepared feeds manufacturing area source rule. First... Mail: Area Source NESHAP for Prepared Feeds Manufacturing Docket, Environmental...

  11. Standard Room Fire Test Research at the National Bureau of Standards 

    E-print Network

    Lee, B.T.; Steel, J.S.

    Research results with the proposed ASTM standard room fire test for interior finish materials are presented. The materials selected for the study were two untreated plywoods, a fire-retarded plywood, polystyrene foam, polyisocyanurate foam...

  12. 30 CFR Appendix I to Subpart C of... - National Consensus Standards

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 2013-07-01 false National Consensus Standards I Appendix I to Subpart C of Part 56 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY...Fire Prevention and Control Pt. 56, Subpt. C, App. I Appendix I to Subpart C of Part 56—National...

  13. 30 CFR Appendix I to Subpart C of... - National Consensus Standards

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 2013-07-01 false National Consensus Standards I Appendix I to Subpart C of Part 57 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY...Fire Prevention and Control Pt. 57, Subpt. C., App. I Appendix I to Subpart C of Part 57—National...

  14. 30 CFR Appendix I to Subpart C of... - National Consensus Standards

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 2014-07-01 false National Consensus Standards I Appendix I to Subpart C of Part 56 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY...Fire Prevention and Control Pt. 56, Subpt. C, App. I Appendix I to Subpart C of Part 56—National...

  15. 30 CFR Appendix I to Subpart C of... - National Consensus Standards

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 2011-07-01 false National Consensus Standards I Appendix I to Subpart C of Part 57 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY...Fire Prevention and Control Pt. 57, Subpt. C., App. I Appendix I to Subpart C of Part 57—National...

  16. National Educators' Workshop: Update 1988. Standard Experiments in Engineering Materials Science and Technology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gardner, James E. (compiler); Jacobs, James A. (compiler)

    1990-01-01

    Presented here is a collection of experiments presented and demonstrated at the National Educators' Workshop: Update 88, held May 10 to 12, 1988 at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersberg, Maryland. The experiments related to the nature and properties of engineering materials and provided information to assist in teaching about materials in the education community.

  17. Politics and the History Curriculum: The Struggle over Standards in Texas and the Nation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erekson, Keith A., Ed.

    2012-01-01

    The politicians and pastors who revised the Texas social studies standards made national and international headlines. However, much of that coverage was sensational and squeezed the process into a narrow "culture war" storyline. Politics and the History Curriculum sets the debate over the Texas standards within a broader context by exploring the…

  18. NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY 1 Information Security Seminar Series

    E-print Network

    NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY 1 Information Security Seminar Series FISMA AND TECHNOLOGY 5 FISMA Strategic Vision We are building a solid foundation of information security across one of the largest information technology infrastructures in the world based on comprehensive security standards

  19. Foregrounding Silences in the South African National Early Learning Standards for Birth to Four Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ebrahim, Hasina Banu

    2014-01-01

    The development of standards in early childhood is associated with governments wanting to assert their influence on what young children should know and be able to do before they enter formal schooling. In South Africa the National Early Learning and Development Standards (NELDS), released in 2009, attempts to assert influence in the context of…

  20. National Apprenticeship Standards for Cement Masonry, Asphalt, and Composition Trade. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training.

    These national standards are designed to guide local joint apprenticeship and training committees in establishing local apprenticeship programs to train individuals seeking to become skilled in the cement masonry, asphalt, and composition trade. Covered in the individual sections are the following topics: provisions of the apprenticeship standards

  1. Implementation of ISO 10110 optics drawing standards for the National Ignition Facility

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    English, R. Edward, Jr.; Aikens, David M.; Whistler, Wayne T.; Walmer, Charles D.; Maney, Richard T.

    1995-09-01

    LLNL plans to specify optical components for the National Ignition Facility according to ISO 10110, the new international standard for preparation of optics drawings. The standards have been approved by the international optics community and represent a fairly comprehensive language for describing optical components. We will describe our plan for implementation and experience to date in doing so.

  2. National Apprenticeship and Training Standards for Optical Technician (Contact Lens Technician).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training.

    A statement of policy of the Contact Lens Society of America regarding contact lens filters is followed by national apprenticeship and training standards for optical technicians approved and adopted by the Contact Lens Society of America in accordance with the basic standards recommended by the Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training of the…

  3. Chip-Scale Atomic Frequency References John Kitching, The National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    Popovic, Zoya

    Chip-Scale Atomic Frequency References John Kitching, The National Institute of Standards of NIST in Boulder, CO. Dr. Kitching's research interests include atomic frequency standards, low and atomic clocks. Since 2001, she has held a guest-researcher appointment in the Time and Frequency Division

  4. Chasing Legitimacy: The US National Music Standards Viewed through a Critical Theorist Framework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benedict, Cathy

    2006-01-01

    This study examines the US National Music Standards from two perspectives. The study situates the status of music education as a marginalized society and postulates that the standards are a by product of larger forces and powerful assumptions. In order to better understand how these forces might have influenced the development and adoption of the…

  5. The development of national occupational standards for intercultural working in the UK

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Malcolm N. MacDonald; John P. O’Regan; Julie Witana

    2009-01-01

    From 2007 to 2008, CILT (Centre for Information for Language Teachers) developed a set of National Occupational Standards for Intercultural Working in the UK. This paper reports on three questions arising from the development project: how these standards are distinctive from others, how they realise intercultural competence and how they meet workplace expectations. Drawing on the directly relevant published evidence?base,

  6. National Apprenticeship and Training Standards for Orthotic and Prosthetic Technicians. (Revised.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Orthotic and Prosthetic Association, Washington, DC.

    This document presents the National Apprenticeship and Training Standards for the apprenticeship program for orthotic and/or prosthetic technicians. These standards cover the following areas: definitions; qualifications for apprenticeship; apprenticeship agreement; term of apprenticeship and credit for previous experience; probationary period,…

  7. Voluntary National Content Standards in Economics: 20 Enduring Concepts and Benchmarks for Beleaguered Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engstrom, Laurie; Meszaros, Bonnie

    1998-01-01

    Asserts that elementary students should learn economics to prepare for their adult roles as consumers, producers, and voters. Discusses the "Voluntary National Content Standards in Economics" that consist of 20 standards and the respective benchmarks that describe the concepts students need to know by the end of grades 4, 8, and 12. (CMK)

  8. RECESSED AUTOMATIC SURFACE SKIMMERS FOR SWIMMING POOLS. NATIONAL SANITATION FOUNDATION STANDARD NUMBER 11.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Sanitation Foundation, Ann Arbor, MI.

    THE NATIONAL SANITATION FOUNDATION STANDARD ON SWIMMING POOL EQUIPMENT CONCERNS ITSELF WITH THE SUCCESSFUL APPLICATION OF SURFACE SKIMMERS TO SWIMMING POOLS. THE MINIMUM DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION REQUIREMENTS ESTABLISHED BY THIS STANDARD ARE SET FORTH TO PROVIDE A MEANS OF EVALUATING THE OVERALL CONSTRUCTION AND EFFECTIVENESS OF THE UNIT. ADDITIONAL…

  9. Translating National Standards into Practice for the Initial Training of Further Education (FE) Teachers in England

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nasta, Tony

    2007-01-01

    Over the last decade the system for training FE teachers in England has been the subject of almost continuous government reform. Central to the reforms has been the definition of national standards as the foundation for qualifications and training. This paper focuses upon how standards for FE teachers are translated as they move from the worlds of…

  10. National Apprenticeship and Training Standards for the Sheet Metal Industry. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training.

    These national standards are designed to aid contractors, labor, and joint committees in setting up, conducting, and improving apprenticeship programs for individuals seeking to become skilled in the sheet metal industry. Covered in the individual sections are the following topics: the provisions of the apprenticeship standards (definitions,…

  11. AT THE THRESHOLD: A NATIONAL CONSENSUS QUALITY SYSTEMS STANDARD FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Since 1989, efforts have been under way by the Energy & Environmental Quality Division to develop a national consensus standard for quality systems for environmental programs. he proposed standard, ANSI/ASQC E4-19xx, Quality Systems Requirements for Environmental Programs, has ju...

  12. The Ugly, the Bad, and the Good in the National History Standards Controversy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunn, Ross E.

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the author appropriates from Clint Eastwood's film simply to organize a few remarks on his experience working with Gary Nash on the project to develop the U.S. national standards for history back in the mid 1990s. Sound bites are a powerful political tool, and it did not take them long to realize that the attacks on the standards

  13. Assessment of the National Eco-Industrial Park Standard for Promoting Industrial Symbiosis in China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yong Geng; Pan Zhang; Raymond P. Côté; Tsuyoshi Fujita

    2009-01-01

    SummaryEco-industrial park (EIP) projects have become more prevalent in China. In order to evaluate the performance of such innovative projects, the State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA) has set up a new national standard for EIPs, the first of its kind globally. This article examines the applicability and feasibility of the indicator system established in the standard. It first presents the

  14. 40 CFR 50.4 - National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). 50...quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). ...rounded up). (c) Sulfur oxides shall be measured in the...arithmetic mean and the second-highest 24-hour averages...

  15. 40 CFR 50.4 - National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). Link...rounded up). (c) Sulfur oxides shall be measured in the...arithmetic mean and the second-highest 24-hour averages must...quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide)....

  16. 40 CFR 50.5 - National secondary ambient air quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). 50...quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide...rounded up). (b) Sulfur oxides shall be measured in the...demonstrate attainment, the second-highest 3-hour average...

  17. 40 CFR 50.4 - National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). 50...quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). ...rounded up). (c) Sulfur oxides shall be measured in the...arithmetic mean and the second-highest 24-hour averages...

  18. 40 CFR 50.5 - National secondary ambient air quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). 50...quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide...rounded up). (b) Sulfur oxides shall be measured in the...demonstrate attainment, the second-highest 3-hour average...

  19. 40 CFR 50.4 - National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). 50...quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). ...rounded up). (c) Sulfur oxides shall be measured in the...arithmetic mean and the second-highest 24-hour averages...

  20. 40 CFR 50.5 - National secondary ambient air quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). 50...quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide...rounded up). (b) Sulfur oxides shall be measured in the...demonstrate attainment, the second-highest 3-hour average...

  1. 40 CFR 50.4 - National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). 50...quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). ...rounded up). (c) Sulfur oxides shall be measured in the...arithmetic mean and the second-highest 24-hour averages...

  2. 40 CFR 50.5 - National secondary ambient air quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). 50...quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide...rounded up). (b) Sulfur oxides shall be measured in the...demonstrate attainment, the second-highest 3-hour average...

  3. 40 CFR 50.5 - National secondary ambient air quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). 50...quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide...rounded up). (b) Sulfur oxides shall be measured in the...demonstrate attainment, the second-highest 3-hour average...

  4. 50 CFR 600.345 - National Standard 8-Communities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...management measures shall, consistent with the conservation requirements of the Magnuson-Stevens Act (including the prevention of overfishing and rebuilding of overfished stocks), take into account the importance of fishery resources to fishing communities...

  5. 50 CFR 600.345 - National Standard 8-Communities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...management measures shall, consistent with the conservation requirements of the Magnuson-Stevens Act (including the prevention of overfishing and rebuilding of overfished stocks), take into account the importance of fishery resources to fishing communities...

  6. 50 CFR 600.345 - National Standard 8-Communities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...management measures shall, consistent with the conservation requirements of the Magnuson-Stevens Act (including the prevention of overfishing and rebuilding of overfished stocks), take into account the importance of fishery resources to fishing communities...

  7. 50 CFR 600.345 - National Standard 8-Communities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...management measures shall, consistent with the conservation requirements of the Magnuson-Stevens Act (including the prevention of overfishing and rebuilding of overfished stocks), take into account the importance of fishery resources to fishing communities...

  8. Measuring Up 2008: The National Report Card on Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, 2008

    2008-01-01

    Since 2000, the "Measuring Up" report cards have evaluated the progress of the nation and individual states in providing Americans with education and training beyond high school through the bachelor's degree. The purpose of the series is to assist the nation and the states in improving higher education opportunity and effectiveness. "Measuring Up"…

  9. Report of multijunction thermal convertor interlaboratory comparison study for measurements at Sandia National Laboratory.

    SciTech Connect

    Klemme, Beverly J.

    2009-07-01

    Two Multijunction Thermal Voltage Converters (MJTCs) were provided to the Sandia National Laboratory Primary Standards Laboratory (Sandia PSL) as part of an interlaboratory comparison (ILC). This report summarizes the results of the measurements of the devices (S 127D1 and S 127C2) measured at Sandia PSL from March 4 to March 15, 2009. The SNL/NM portion of an interlaboratory comparison of multijunction thermal convertors was successfully completed with a demonstrated measurement uncertainty of 60ppm (k=2).

  10. Standard Method Used At Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

    E-print Network

    polycarbonate centrifuge tubes with screw caps Teflon tape Groundwater Orbit shaker Centrifuge Vacuum pipets 0.45-micrometer polycarbonate membrane filters Radioactive tracer Plastic bags 4.2 Safety Precautions In using groundwater through a 0.45-µm polycarbonate membrane before it is used in a batch Kd measurement. 4

  11. 50 CFR 600.330 - National Standard 5-Efficiency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...since management decisions affect all sectors of...the fishery, not just fish stocks. (i) In an...proposed that allocate fish among different...conditions will adversely affect the fishery in the future...measures must be justified in light of the biological,...

  12. 50 CFR 600.330 - National Standard 5-Efficiency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...since management decisions affect all sectors of...the fishery, not just fish stocks. (i) In an...proposed that allocate fish among different...conditions will adversely affect the fishery in the future...measures must be justified in light of the biological,...

  13. 50 CFR 600.330 - National Standard 5-Efficiency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...since management decisions affect all sectors of...the fishery, not just fish stocks. (i) In an...proposed that allocate fish among different...conditions will adversely affect the fishery in the future...measures must be justified in light of the biological,...

  14. 75 FR 19310 - Delegation of New Source Performance Standards and National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-14

    ...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Parts 60, 61, and 63 [EPA-R06-OAR-2006-0851; FRL-9137-1] Delegation...as amended through July 1, 2008, for both 40 CFR part 61 and 63 standards. The rule also incorporates by reference certain...

  15. Precision Electroweak Measurements and Constraints on the Standard Model

    SciTech Connect

    Collaboration, ALEPH; Collaboration, CDF; Collaboration, D0; Collaboration, DELPHI; Collaboration, L3; Collaboration, OPAL; Collaboration, SLD; Group, LEP Electroweak Working; Group, Tevatron Electroweak Working; groups, SLD electroweak heavy flavour

    2009-11-01

    This note presents constraints on Standard Model parameters using published and preliminary precision electroweak results measured at the electron-positron colliders LEP and SLC. The results are compared with precise electroweak measurements from other experiments, notably CDF and D0 at the Tevatron. Constraints on the input parameters of the Standard Model are derived from the combined set of results obtained in high-Q{sup 2} interactions, and used to predict results in low-Q{sup 2} experiments, such as atomic parity violation, Moeller scattering, and neutrino-nucleon scattering. The main changes with respect to the experimental results presented in 2008 are new combinations of results on the W-boson mass and the mass of the top quark.

  16. Precision Electroweak Measurements and Constraints on the Standard Model

    SciTech Connect

    The , ALEPH, CDF, D0, ...

    2009-12-11

    This note presents constraints on Standard Model parameters using published and preliminary precision electroweak results measured at the electron-positron colliders LEP and SLC. The results are compared with precise electroweak measurements from other experiments, notably CDF and D0 at the Tevatron. Constraints on the input parameters of the Standard Model are derived from the combined set of results obtained in high-Q{sup 2} interactions, and used to predict results in low-Q{sup 2} experiments, such as atomic parity violation, Moeller scattering, and neutrino-nucleon scattering. The main changes with respect to the experimental results presented in 2008 are new combinations of results on the W-boson mass and the mass of the top quark.

  17. Precision Electroweak Measurements and Constraints on the Standard Model

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2011-11-11

    This note presents constraints on Standard Model parameters using published and preliminary precision electroweak results measured at the electron-positron colliders LEP and SLC. The results are compared with precise electroweak measurements from other experiments, notably CDF and D0 at the Tevatron. Constraints on the input parameters of the Standard Model are derived from the results obtained in high-Q{sup 2} interactions, and used to predict results in low-Q{sup 2} experiments, such as atomic parity violation, Moller scattering, and neutrino-nucleon scattering. The main changes with respect to the experimental results presented in 2007 are new combinations of results on the W-boson mass and width and the mass of the top quark.

  18. National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Calendar Year 1999

    SciTech Connect

    R. F. Grossman

    2000-06-01

    The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is operated by the US Department of Energy's Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV) as the site for nuclear weapons testing, now limited to readiness activities and experiments in support of the national Stockpile Stewardship Management Program. It is located in Nye County, Nevada, with the southeast corner about 105 km (65 mi) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada. The NTS covers about 3,561 km{sup 2} (1,375 mi{sup 2}), an area larger than Rhode Island. Its size is about 46 to 56 km (28 to 35 mi) east to west and from 64 to 88 km (40 to 55 mi) north to south. The NTS is surrounded, except on the south side, by public exclusion areas (Nellis Air Force Range [NAFR]) that provide another 24 to 104 km (15 to 65 mi) between the NTS and public lands. The NTS is characterized by desert valley and Great Basin mountain topography, with a climate, flora, and fauna typical of the southwest deserts. Population density within 150 km (93 mi) of the NTS is only about 0.2 persons per square kilometer, excluding the Las Vegas area. Restricted access, low population density in the surrounding area, and extended wind transport times are advantageous factors for the activities conducted at the NTS. Surface waters are scarce on the NTS and there is great depth to slow-moving groundwater.

  19. National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Submittal - 1998

    SciTech Connect

    Stuart Black; Yvonne Townsend

    1999-06-01

    The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is operated by the U.S. Department of Energy Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV) as the site for nuclear weapons testing, now limited to readiness activities and experiments in support of the national Stockpile Stewardship Management Program. It is located in Nye County, Nevada, with the southeast corner about 105 km (65 mi) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada. The NTS covers about 3,500 km2 (1,350 mi2), an area larger than Rhode Island. Its size is about 46 to 56 km (28 to 35 mi) east to west and from 64 to 88 km (40 to 55 mi)north to south. The NTS is surrounded, except on the south side, by public exclusion areas (Nellis Air Force Range) that provide another 24 to 104 km (15 to 65 mi) between the NTS and public lands. The NTS is characterized by desert valley and Great Basin mountain topography, with a climate, flora, and fauna typical of the southwest deserts. Surface waters are scarce on the NTS and there is great depth to slow-moving groundwater.

  20. Standardized Self-Report Measures of Civilian Trauma and PTSD

    Microsoft Academic Search

    FRAN H. NORRIS; JESSICA L. HAMBLEN

    This chapter reviews 24 standardized self-report measures for traumatic stress that are suitable, with some modification, for use with adults by professional or lay interviewers or in paper-and-pencil questionnaires. Each scale is de- scribed in terms of its content, number of items, and response formats and is evaluated in terms of the available evidence regarding its reliability and valid- ity.

  1. Final Report: Comparison of the primary (national) standards of low-pressure gas flow

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Benková, Miroslava; Makovnik, Stefan; Mickan, Bodo

    2015-01-01

    The EURAMET.M.FF-K6 comparison was organized for the purpose of determination of the degree of equivalence of the primary (national) standards for low-pressure gas flow measurement over the range (2 to 100) m3/h and was performed simultaneously with CCM.FF-K6.2011 with the same transfer standard. A rotary gas meter G65 was used as a transfer standard. The measurements were provided by prescribed reference conditions. Fifteen laboratories from EURAMET participated in this key comparison - SMU, Slovakia; PTB, Germany; CEM, Spain; LNE-LADG, France; VSL, Netherlands; CMI, Czech Republic; BEV, Austria; MKEH, Hungary; GUM Poland; SP, Sweden; METAS, Switzerland; DMDM, Serbia; TUBITAK-UME, Turkey; EIM, Greece; IMBiH, Bosnia-Herzegovina. The EURAMET.M.FF-K6 is linked to the CCM.FF-K6.2011 by correcting the results of three linking laboratories (Slovakia SMU, Germany PTB and France LNE LADG). This correction provides an estimate of what would have been the result from the EURAMET.M-FF-K6 participants, if they had actually participated in CCM.FF-K6.2011. According to the evaluation 93.7 % of the results were consistent with KCRV, 3.4 % of the results were in the warning level and 2.9 % of the results were inconsistent. The results of this comparison can be used for review of the CMC tables. Main text. To reach the main text of this paper, click on Final Report. Note that this text is that which appears in Appendix B of the BIPM key comparison database kcdb.bipm.org/. The final report has been peer-reviewed and approved for publication by CCM, according to the provisions of the CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement (CIPM MRA).

  2. 40 CFR Appendix T to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Sulfur (Sulfur...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Sulfur...NATIONAL PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS Pt. 50, App. T...of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of...

  3. Recommendations for standardized human pedigree nomenclature. Pedigree Standardization Task Force of the National Society of Genetic Counselors.

    PubMed Central

    Bennett, R L; Steinhaus, K A; Uhrich, S B; O'Sullivan, C K; Resta, R G; Lochner-Doyle, D; Markel, D S; Vincent, V; Hamanishi, J

    1995-01-01

    The construction of an accurate family pedigree is a fundamental component of a clinical genetic evaluation and of human genetic research. Previous surveys of genetic counselors and human genetic publications have demonstrated significant inconsistencies in the usage of common pedigree symbols representing situations such as pregnancy, termination of pregnancy, miscarriage, and adoption, as well as less common scenarios such as pregnancies conceived through assisted reproductive technologies. The Pedigree Standardization Task Force (PSTF) was organized through the Professional Issues Committee of the National Society of Genetic Counselors, to establish recommendations for universal standards in human pedigree nomenclature. Nomenclature was chosen based on current usage, consistency among symbols, computer compatibility, and the adaptability of symbols to reflect the rapid technical advances in human genetics. Preliminary recommendations were presented for review at three national meetings of human genetic professionals and sent to > 100 human genetic professionals for review. On the basis of this review process, the recommendations of the PSTF for standardized human pedigree nomenclature are presented here. By incorporating these recommendations into medical genetics professional training programs, board examinations, genetic publications, and pedigree software, the adoption of uniform pedigree nomenclature can begin. Usage of standardized pedigree nomenclature will reduce the chances for incorrect interpretation of patient and family medical and genetic information. It may also improve the quality of patient care provided by genetic professionals and facilitate communication between researchers involved with genetic family studies. PMID:7887430

  4. Standard target sets for field sensor performance measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    O'Connor, John D.; O'Shea, Patrick; Palmer, John E.; Deaver, Dawne M.

    2006-05-01

    The US Army Night Vision and Electronic Sensors Directorate (NVESD) Modeling and Simulation Division develops sensors models (FLIR 92, NV Therm, NV Therm IP) that predict the comparative performance of electro-optical sensors. The NVESD modeling branch developed a 12-vehicle, 12-aspect target signature set in 1998 with a known cycle criteria. It will be referred to as the 12-target set. This 12-target set has and will continue to be the modeling "gold standard" for laboratory human perception experiments supporting sensor performance modeling, and has been employed in dozens of published experiments. The 12-target set is, however, too costly for most acquisition field tests and evaluations. The authors developed an 8-vehicle 3-aspect target set, referred to as the 8- target set, and measured its discrimination task difficulty, (N50 and V50). Target identification (ID) range performance predictions for several sensors were made based on those V50/N50 values. A field collection of the 8-target set using those sensors provided imagery for a human perception study. The human perception study found excellent agreement between predicted and measured range performance. The goal of this development is to create a "silver standard" target set that is as dependable in measuring sensor performance as the "gold standard", and is affordable for Milestone A and other field trials.

  5. National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Calendar Year 2001

    SciTech Connect

    Y. E. Townsend

    2002-06-01

    The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is operated by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Operations Office (NNSA/NV) as the site for nuclear weapons testing, now limited to readiness activities, experiments in support of the national Stockpile Stewardship Program, and the activities listed below. Located in Nye County, Nevada, the site's southeast corner is about 88 km (55 mi) northwest of the major population center, Las Vegas, Nevada. The NTS covers about 3,561 km2 (1,375 mi2), an area larger than Rhode Island. Its size is 46 to 56 km (28 to 35 mi) east to west and from 64 to 88 km (40 to 55 mi) north to south. The NTS is surrounded, except on the south side, by public exclusion areas (Nellis Air Force Range [NAFR]) that provide another 24 to 104 km (15 to 65 mi) between the NTS and public lands (Figure 1.0). The NTS is characterized by desert valley and Great Basin mountain topography, with a climate, flora, and fauna typical of the southwest deserts. Population density within 150 km (93 mi) of the NTS is only about 0.2 persons per square kilometer, excluding the Las Vegas area. Restricted access, low population density in the surrounding area, and extended wind transport times are advantageous factors for the activities conducted at the NTS. Surface waters are scarce on the NTS, and slow-moving groundwater is present hundreds to thousands of feet below the land surface. The sources of radionuclides include current and previous activities conducted on the NTS (Figure 2.0). The NTS was the primary location for testing of nuclear explosives in the Continental U.S. between 1951 and 1992. Historical testing above or at ground surface has included (1) atmospheric testing in the 1950s and early 1960s, (2) earth-cratering experiments, and (3) open-air nuclear reactor and rocket engine testing. Since the mid-1950s, testing of nuclear explosive devices has occurred underground in drilled vertical holes or in mined tunnels (DOE 1996a). No such tests have been conducted since September 23, 1992 (DOE 2000). Limited non-nuclear testing includes spills of hazardous materials at the Hazardous Materials Spill Center, private technology development, aerospace and demilitarization activities, and site remediating activities. Processing of radioactive materials is limited to laboratory analyses, and handling is restricted to transport, storage, and assembly of nuclear explosive devices and operation of radioactive waste management sites (RWMSs) for low-level radioactive and mixed waste (DOE 1996a). Monitoring and evaluation of the various activities conducted onsite indicate that the potential sources of offsite radiation exposure in CY 2001 were releases from (1) evaporation of tritiated water (HTO) from containment ponds that receive drainage water from E Tunnel in Area 12 and from discharges of two wells (Well U-3cn PS No. 2 and Well ER-20-5 No.3) into lined ponds, (2) onsite radio analytical laboratories, (3) the Area 5 RWMS (RWMS-5) facility, and (4) diffuse sources of tritium and re- suspension of plutonium and americium. The following sections present a general description of the present sources on the NTS and at the North Las Vegas Facility.

  6. Reference standard for carbonaceous impurity measurements in carbon nanotubes.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nikolaev, Pavel

    2004-01-01

    Near-infrared spectroscopy is a convenient tool for measuring nanotube/carbonaceous impurities ratios in carbon nanotube samples. These measurements are based on separation of contributions from nanotubes and impurities to the near-infrared absorption of samples dispersed in DMF, and sample purity is expressed relative to some reference sample. In the current work we produced a reference standard for NIR measurements using purified laser nanotubes. The sample was oxidized slowly using a Temperature Programmed Oxidation (TPO) setup in 2% oxygen/98% helium atmosphere. In these conditions, the sample oxidized in several steps, which were attributed to carbonaceous impurities, nanotubes and graphitic shells based on TEM and Raman observations. Stopping oxidation at 625 C (this temperature is sample-specific) allowed us to produce a sample with no carbonaceous impurities and well-defined ratio of nanotubes, graphite and metal catalyst. Since carbonaceous impurities no longer hold nanotubes and particles together, further centrifuging allowed us to remove particles and use this sample as a reference standard in NIR measurements.

  7. Reference standard for carbonaceous impurity measurements in carbon nanotubes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nikolaev, Pavel; Arepalli, Sivaram

    2004-01-01

    Near-infrared spectroscopy is a convenient tool for measuring nanotube / carbonaceous impurities ratios in carbon nanotube samples. These measurements are based on separation of contributions from nanotubes and impurities to the near-infrared absorption of samples dispersed in DMF, and sample purity is expressed relative to some reference sample. In the current work we produced a reference standard for NIR measurements using purified laser nanotubes. The sample was oxidized slowly using a Temperature Programmed Oxidation (TPO) setup in 2% oxygen / 98 % helium atmosphere. In these conditions, the sample oxidized in several steps, which were attributed to carbonaceous impurities, nanotubes and graphitic shells based on TEM and Raman observations. Stopping oxidation at 625 C (this temperature is sample-specific) allowed us to produce a sample with no carbonaceous impurities and well-defined ratio of nanotubes, graphite and metal catalyst. Since carbonaceous impurities no longer hold nanotubes and particles together, further centrifuging allowed us to remove particles and use this sample as a reference standard in NIR measurements.

  8. Reference Materials and Reference Measurement Procedures: An Overview from a National Metrology Institute

    PubMed Central

    Bunk, David M

    2007-01-01

    An outline of the processes involved in both certified clinical reference material production and clinical reference measurement procedure development at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the national metrology institute of the United States, is presented. The role that NIST and other national metrology institutes play in the metrological traceability of certified reference material is discussed. Highlighted are the challenges associated with the development of reference measurement systems for complex clinical analytes, such as proteins, and examples of existing efforts in this area are given. Examples of recent international collaborations in developing certified reference materials for analytes such as cardiac troponin I, brain natriuretic peptide, and serum creatinine demonstrate the close cooperation that national metrology institutes must have with the clinical community to establish complete reference measurement systems. PMID:18392127

  9. Precision electroweak measurements and constraints on the Standard Model

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2010-12-01

    This note presents constraints on Standard Model parameters using published and preliminary precision electroweak results obtained at the electron-positron colliders LEP and SLC. The results are compared with precise electroweak measurements from other experiments, notably CDF and D0 at the Tevatron. Constraints on the input parameters of the Standard Model are derived from the combined set of results obtained in high-Q{sup 2} interactions, and used to predict results in low-Q{sup 2} experiments, such as atomic parity violation, Moeller scattering, and neutrino-nucleon scattering. The main changes with respect to the experimental results presented in 2009 are new combinations of results on the width of the W boson and the mass of the top quark.

  10. The evaluation of hospital laboratory information management systems based on the standards of the American National Standard Institute

    PubMed Central

    Isfahani, Sakineh Saghaeiannejad; Khajouei, Reza; Jahanbakhsh, Maryan; Mirmohamadi, Mahboubeh

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Nowadays, modern laboratories are faced with a huge volume of information. One of the goals of the Laboratory Information Management System (LIMS) is to assist in the management of the information generated in the laboratory. This study intends to evaluate the LIMS based on the standards of the American National Standard Institute (ANSI). Materials and Methods: This research is a descriptive–analytical study, which had been conducted in 2011, on the LIMSs in use, in the teaching and private hospitals in Isfahan. The data collecting instrument was a checklist, which was made by evaluating three groups of information components namely: ‘System capabilities’, ‘work list functions,’ and ‘reporting’ based on LIS8-A. Data were analyzed using the SPSS 20. Data were analyzed using (relative) frequency, percentage. To compare the data the following statistical tests were used: Leven test, t-test, and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Results: The results of the study indicated that the LIMS had a low conformity (30%) with LIS8-A (P = 0.001), with no difference between teaching and private hospitals (P = 0.806). The ANOVA revealed that in terms of conformity with the LIS8-A standard, there was a significant difference between the systems produced by different vendors (P = 0.023). According to the results, a Kowsar system with more than %57 conformity in the three groups of information components had a better conformity to the standard, compared to the other systems. Conclusions: This study indicated that none of the LIMSs had a good conformity to the standard. It seems that system providers did not pay sufficient attention to many of the information components required by the standards when designing and developing their systems. It was suggested that standards from certified organizations and institutions be followed in the design and development process of health information systems. PMID:25077154

  11. Perceptually standardized imaging of digitized film for comparative ROC measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peters, Klaus-Ruediger

    2000-04-01

    Primary diagnostic reading of digitized film, displayed on a CRT, requires a quality assurance (QA) that all of the perceptual information, which is accessible from the film when displayed on a light table, can be reproduced on the CRT display. Some of the CRT display parameters are already defined. The DICOM standard 3.14 introduces a contrast transfer function (grayscale display function standard) for minimum contrasts which are defined as single just-noticeable- differences (JND) in luminance. It establishes, throughout the entire intensity range of the data, contrast recognition of single JND resolution and implies linearity of contrast perception. Conventionally, the CRT QA utilizes a SMPTE contrast test pattern of 5% contrast ]13 digital driving levels (DDLs)[ resolution. We developed for the QA of the new standard a perceptual contrast pattern with single DDL resolution (perceptual contrast pattern equals P-pattern). It allows the visual assessment and measurement of perceived contrast linearity at a minimum level 1.2% contrast (3 DDLs). We analyzed, at various room light conditions (0 - 300 cdm-2) and on DICOM 3.14-standardized CRTs of various maximum luminance (110 - 400 cdm-2), the minimum luminance of the CRT that is required for establishing perceptual contrast linearity. We compared the use of the SMPTE pattern and the P-pattern for QA of linearity. The SMPTE pattern was not effective for a statistically significant correlation of contrast linearity with room light and monitor luminance. However, the P-pattern furnished an effective tool for the assessment, measurement or adjustment of contrast linearity. We found that perception of linearity for 3 JND contrasts at low room light conditions (0 - 6 cdm-2) requires a minimum luminance of 10 cdm-2 which is not directly derived from the background luminance of the light reflected from the monitor but may indicate a perceptual threshold value for task performance.

  12. 1995 Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs): Radionuclides. Annual report

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1996-06-01

    Under Section 61.94 of 40 CFR 61, Subpart H (National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other Than Radon From Department of Energy Facilities), each DOE facility must submit an annual report documenting compliance. This report addresses the Section 61.94 reporting requirements for operations at INEL for CY 1995. For that year, airborne radionuclide emissions from INEL operations were calculated to result in a maximum individual dose to a member of the public of 1.80E-02 mrem (1.80E-07 Sievert), well below the 40 CFR 61, Subpart H, regulatory standard of 10 mrem per year (1.0E-04 Sievert per year).

  13. Status report on the ANSI (American National Standards Institute) 100-Mbyte/s channel

    SciTech Connect

    Morrison, J.F.

    1987-01-01

    Los Alamos National Laboratory has submitted to the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) committee a specification for a 100-Mbyte/s channel called the high-speed channel (HSC). This channel specification is a simple, yet high-performance, physical layer protocol and media definition. This report will describe the current definition of the HSC, possible applications, and status of our proposal before the ANSI committee. 2 figs.

  14. Implementation of ISO 10110 optics drawing standards for the National Ignition Facility

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, David Y.; English, R. Edward, Jr.; Aikens, David M.

    1999-11-01

    The National Ignition Facility (NIF) project elected to implement ISO 10110 standard for the specifications of NIF optics drawings in 1996. More than 7,000 NIF large optics and 20,000 NIF small optics will be manufactured based on ISO 10110 indications. ISO 10110 standard meets many of the needs of the NIF optics specifications. It allows the optical engineer to quantify and clearly communicate the desired optical specifications. While no single drawing standard specifies all the requirements of high energy laser system, a combination of ISO 10110 standard with detailed notes make it possible to apply international drawing standards to the NIF laser system. This paper will briefly describe LLNL's interpretation and implementation of the ISO 10110 drawing standard, present some examples of NIF optics drawings, and discuss pros and cons of the indications from the perspective of this application. Emphasis will be given to the surface imperfection specifications, known as 5/, for the NIF optics.

  15. Standards Development for the U.S. National Geologic Map Database

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Soller, D. R.; Berg, T. M.; Stamm, N. R.

    2005-12-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey and the Nation's state geological surveys (under authority of the Association of American State Geologists) are mandated by Congress to provide a National Geologic Map Database (NGMDB) of standardized geoscience information that can be used to address societal issues and improve our base of scientific knowledge. Over the past decade, the NGMDB project has addressed its mandate by providing: 1) basic information and services that enable users to find available geoscience information; 2) a venue for development of community-based standards that are promoting broader public use of geoscience map information and more effective interoperability among the Nation's geological surveys; and 3) a research and development environment in which we are building a distributed database system to archive and serve the Nation's geologic map information. The NGMDB is addressing its mission in an incremental fashion, by building "support" databases and standards, and by working toward the long-term goal of the distributed system. Products currently available to serve the geoscience community and the general public are: the U.S. Geologic Names Lexicon ("GEOLEX"), which is a standard reference for the Nation's stratigraphic nomenclature; the Geoscience Map Catalog and Image Library, which helps people find and view 70,000 published geoscience maps and related products; and various standards, which are the subject of this paper. In cooperation with other U.S. and Canadian agencies, and with the IUGS Commission for the Management and Application of Geoscience Information ("CGI"), the NGMDB project is defining standards that include: a science terminology; a conceptual data model; a physical implementation of the data model in ArcGIS; a FGDC-endorsed standard for map symbols and patterns and for descriptions of locational accuracy of geologic features in the field; and a GML-based exchange standard to promote interoperability among data providers to the NGMDB. These standards form the basis for the design of our online map database. Because it will be a distributed system managed among more than 50 agencies (each with different personnel skills, organizational culture, hardware and software platforms, funding constraints, and public and private user needs), the standards must accommodate these differences and yet enable the NGMDB database to function as if it were a single entity. The standards are now being tested in the NGMDB prototype database; this testing is aided by our new data-entry tool and ArcGIS implementation, which will allow our project partners to evaluate the database structure and science terminology and to make recommendations for improvement. Information and links to NGMDB databases and standards are available at http://ngmdb.usgs.gov/Info/.

  16. Imaging as a Biomarker: Standards for Change Measurements in Therapy workshop summary.

    PubMed

    Clarke, Laurence P; Sriram, Ram D; Schilling, Linda Beth

    2008-04-01

    Biomarkers are biological indicators of disease or therapeutic effects that can be measured by in vivo biomedical/molecular imaging, as well as other in vitro or laboratory methods. Recent work has shown that biomedical imaging can provide an early indication of drug response by use of x-ray, computed tomography (CT), positron-emission tomography/CT (PET/CT), or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). There are three primary sources of uncertainty in using imaging as a biomarker: 1) the biological variability, 2) the variability associated with the clinicians interpreting the images, and 3) the physical measurement variability associated with image data collection and analysis across the same or different imaging platforms. Although biological variability is a large source of error, the physical uncertainty often significantly reduces the robustness of the imaging methods and the clinical decision tools required for quantitative measurement of therapy response over time. Physical and biological measurement uncertainties may be addressed prior to designing a clinical trial and thus help in reducing the case size and cost of a clinical trial associated with a drug submission to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has been approached over the last few years by several industry and medical stakeholders to address the physical sources of measurement uncertainty. NIST's initial research discovered that the characterization of measurement uncertainty poses many complex metrology and standardization problems on a scale that appears to need significant collaboration across the different medical imaging stakeholders. Many of the issues are similar to other scientific domains that NIST has addressed as part of its mission to provide metrology standards to enhance the competitiveness of U.S. industries. To better assess the measurement and standards needs for using imaging as a biomarker, NIST engaged leading representatives from many of the different imaging societies, the imaging, pharmaceutical and e-health and other health care stakeholders, as well as other key federal agencies (the National Institutes of Health Institutes and Centers [NIH ICs], and FDA) to organize and conduct a United States Measurement System (USMS) workshop: http://usms.nist.gov/workshops. The workshop entitled Imaging as a Biomarker: Standards for Change Measurements in Therapy, was thus held on September 14-15, 2006, at NIST in Gaithersburg, Maryland. (Workshop agenda, presentations. and final workshop report will be available at http://usms.nist.gov/workshops/bioimaging.htm.) PMID:18389935

  17. 40 CFR Appendix N to Part 50 - Interpretation of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for PM2.5

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for PM2.5 N Appendix N to Part 50 Protection...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for PM2.5 1. General (a) This appendix...air quality standards (NAAQS) for PM2.5 specified in § 50.7 and §...

  18. 40 CFR Appendix N to Part 50 - Interpretation of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for PM2.5

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for PM2.5 N Appendix N to Part 50 Protection...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for PM2.5 1.0General (a) This appendix...air quality standards (NAAQS) for PM2.5 are met, specifically the...

  19. 40 CFR Appendix N to Part 50 - Interpretation of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for PM2.5

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for PM2.5 N Appendix N to Part 50 Protection...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for PM2.5 1.0General (a) This appendix...air quality standards (NAAQS) for PM2.5 are met, specifically the...

  20. 40 CFR Appendix N to Part 50 - Interpretation of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for PM2.5

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for PM2.5 N Appendix N to Part 50 Protection...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for PM2.5 1. General (a) This appendix...air quality standards (NAAQS) for PM2.5 specified in § 50.7 and §...

  1. 40 CFR Appendix N to Part 50 - Interpretation of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for PM2.5

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for PM2.5 N Appendix N to Part 50 Protection...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for PM2.5 1. General (a) This appendix...air quality standards (NAAQS) for PM2.5 specified in § 50.7 and §...

  2. 40 CFR Appendix P to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone P Appendix P to Part 50 Protection...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone 1. General (a) This appendix...secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone (O3 ) specified in § 50.15 are...

  3. A Loyalty Tax? National Measures of Academic Salary Compression

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barbezat, Debra A.

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents measures of faculty salary compression for 1993 and 1999 based on national, rather than institutional-level, data. Using a recently developed technique and two national faculty surveys, actual junior to senior salary ratios are derived as well as predicted salary ratios that represent what the salary ratios would be if junior…

  4. Standardization of CAD on measurement and recording of historic buildings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, Xiao; Zhou, Xueying

    2008-10-01

    The Chinese traditional architecture belongs to an experience type construction system with strict standardization. In wooden structure design and construction, the modulization and standardization is required, which just corresponds to the requirement of standardization and precision of CAD in nowadays. Therefore, CAD can be applied to measure and record historic architecture. In the 2D imaging, the single members such as dou (bracket set) gong (bracket arm), beams, columns and other basic units can be recorded accurately through CAD to build up a relative database system as well as to provide basic data platform for studying the whole wooden frameworks. Meantime, such data can be used again while redesign. Furthermore, area models could be also applied to the urban conservation arrangement of ancient imperial palace, imperial city and capital city. The 3D mathematical model shows the scene of single building, groups of building and their details directly. According to the various types of buildings, with the different precisions, parameterized model base is established for further research and application.

  5. Rotating pressure measurement system using an on board calibration standard

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Senyitko, Richard G.; Blumenthal, Philip Z.; Freedman, Robert J.

    1991-01-01

    A computer-controlled multichannel pressure measurement system was developed to acquire detailed flow field measurements on board the Large Low Speed Centrifugal Compressor Research Facility at the NASA Lewis Research Center. A pneumatic slip ring seal assembly is used to transfer calibration pressures to a reference standard transducer on board the compressor rotor in order to measure very low differential pressures with the high accuracy required. A unique data acquisition system was designed and built to convert the analog signal from the reference transducer to the variable frequency required by the multichannel pressure measurement system and also to provide an output for temperature control of the reference transducer. The system also monitors changes in test cell barometric pressure and rotating seal leakage and provides an on screen warning to the operator if limits are exceeded. The methods used for the selection and testing of the the reference transducer are discussed, and the data acquisition system hardware and software design are described. The calculated and experimental data for the system measurement accuracy are also presented.

  6. 1996 Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) -- Radionuclides. Annual report

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1997-06-01

    Under Section 61.94 of Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 61, Subpart H, ``National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other Than Radon From Department of Energy Facilities,`` each Department of Energy (DOE) facility must submit an annual report documenting compliance. This report addresses the Section 61.94 reporting requirements for operations at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for calendar year (CY) 1996. The Idaho Operations Office of the DOE is the primary contact concerning compliance with the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) at the INEEL. For calendar year 1996, airborne radionuclide emissions from the INEEL operations were calculated to result in a maximum individual dose to a member of the public of 3.14E-02 mrem (3.14E-07 Sievert). This effective dose equivalent (EDE) is well below the 40 CFR 61, Subpart H, regulatory standard of 10 mrem per year (1.0E-04 Sievert per year).

  7. Relating Standardized Visual Perception Measures to Simulator Visual System Performance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kaiser, Mary K.; Sweet, Barbara T.

    2013-01-01

    Human vision is quantified through the use of standardized clinical vision measurements. These measurements typically include visual acuity (near and far), contrast sensitivity, color vision, stereopsis (a.k.a. stereo acuity), and visual field periphery. Simulator visual system performance is specified in terms such as brightness, contrast, color depth, color gamut, gamma, resolution, and field-of-view. How do these simulator performance characteristics relate to the perceptual experience of the pilot in the simulator? In this paper, visual acuity and contrast sensitivity will be related to simulator visual system resolution, contrast, and dynamic range; similarly, color vision will be related to color depth/color gamut. Finally, we will consider how some characteristics of human vision not typically included in current clinical assessments could be used to better inform simulator requirements (e.g., relating dynamic characteristics of human vision to update rate and other temporal display characteristics).

  8. Modeling the wet bulb globe temperature using standard meteorological measurements.

    SciTech Connect

    Liljegren, J. C.; Carhart, R. A.; Lawday, P.; Tschopp, S.; Sharp, R.; Decision and Information Sciences

    2008-10-01

    The U.S. Army has a need for continuous, accurate estimates of the wet bulb globe temperature to protect soldiers and civilian workers from heat-related injuries, including those involved in the storage and destruction of aging chemical munitions at depots across the United States. At these depots, workers must don protective clothing that increases their risk of heat-related injury. Because of the difficulty in making continuous, accurate measurements of wet bulb globe temperature outdoors, the authors have developed a model of the wet bulb globe temperature that relies only on standard meteorological data available at each storage depot for input. The model is composed of separate submodels of the natural wet bulb and globe temperatures that are based on fundamental principles of heat and mass transfer, has no site-dependent parameters, and achieves an accuracy of better than 1 C based on comparisons with wet bulb globe temperature measurements at all depots.

  9. Modeling the wet bulb globe temperature using standard meteorological measurements.

    PubMed

    Liljegren, James C; Carhart, Richard A; Lawday, Philip; Tschopp, Stephen; Sharp, Robert

    2008-10-01

    The U.S. Army has a need for continuous, accurate estimates of the wet bulb globe temperature to protect soldiers and civilian workers from heat-related injuries, including those involved in the storage and destruction of aging chemical munitions at depots across the United States. At these depots, workers must don protective clothing that increases their risk of heat-related injury. Because of the difficulty in making continuous, accurate measurements of wet bulb globe temperature outdoors, the authors have developed a model of the wet bulb globe temperature that relies only on standard meteorological data available at each storage depot for input. The model is composed of separate submodels of the natural wet bulb and globe temperatures that are based on fundamental principles of heat and mass transfer, has no site-dependent parameters, and achieves an accuracy of better than 1 degree C based on comparisons with wet bulb globe temperature measurements at all depots. PMID:18668404

  10. National Institute of Standards and Technology National Construction Safety Team Act

    E-print Network

    Magee, Joseph W.

    Act to study the building performance and emergency communications during the tornado that struck over 1,000 people2 . This was the single deadliest tornado in the United States in the 61 years of Standards and Technology (NIST) to establish Teams for deployment after events causing the failure

  11. Coordinate measuring machine test standard apparatus and method

    DOEpatents

    Bieg, L.F.

    1994-08-30

    A coordinate measuring machine test standard apparatus and method are disclosed which includes a rotary spindle having an upper phase plate and an axis of rotation, a kinematic ball mount attached to the phase plate concentric with the axis of rotation of the phase plate, a groove mounted at the circumference of the phase plate, and an arm assembly which rests in the groove. The arm assembly has a small sphere at one end and a large sphere at the other end. The small sphere may be a coordinate measuring machine probe tip and may have variable diameters. The large sphere is secured in the kinematic ball mount and the arm is held in the groove. The kinematic ball mount includes at least three mounting spheres and the groove is an angular locating groove including at least two locking spheres. The arm may have a hollow inner core and an outer layer. The rotary spindle may be a ratio reducer. The device is used to evaluate the measuring performance of a coordinate measuring machine for periodic recertification, including 2 and 3 dimensional accuracy, squareness, straightness, and angular accuracy. 5 figs.

  12. Using the National Geography Standards and Your Local River to Teach about Environmental Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kimmel, James R.

    1996-01-01

    Maintains that the study of local wetlands provides an excellent means of integrating environmental studies, global studies, and other curricula into geography instruction. Seven tables list ways that studying wetlands illustrate the six essential elements of the National Geography Standards. Includes a list of 17 learning activities. (MJP)

  13. National Apprenticeship and Training Standards for Optical Technician (Contact Lens Technician). Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training.

    These national standards are intended to serve as a guide for the establishment of thorough and complete apprenticeship programs to produce trained optical technicians (contact lens technicians). Covered in the individual sections are the following topics: definitions, qualifications for apprenticeship, credit for previous experience, continuity…

  14. ANNOUNCEMENT OF FEDERAL FUNDING OPPORTUNITY (FFO) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Summer Institute for

    E-print Network

    Magee, Joseph W.

    and Technology (NIST) Summer Institute for Middle School Science Teachers (NIST Summer Institute) Program EXECUTIVE SUMMARY · Federal Agency Name: National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States Department of Commerce (DoC) · Funding Opportunity Title: NIST Summer Institute for Middle School

  15. States Must Reject National Education Standards while There Is Still Time. Backgrounder, No. 2680

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Lindsey M.

    2012-01-01

    For four and a half decades, the federal role in education has been growing. Costly in terms of taxpayer dollars spent and local control of education lost, this expanding federal control has failed to improve outcomes for America's children. National standards will further expand Washington's role--and will remove parents from decisions about the…

  16. Taylor parameters for gamma-ray buildup factors in the proposed American National Standard

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Shure; O. J. Wallace

    1988-01-01

    Parameters have been determined for the Taylor two-exponential representation of the gamma-ray dose and energy absorption buildup factors contained in a proposed American National Standard on gamma-ray attenuation. These buildup factors are for 26 materials, 25 source energies, and 16 depths of penetration up to 40 mean-free-paths. 5 refs., 30 tabs.

  17. Articulation of the National Health Education Standards to Support Learning and Healthy Behaviors among Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tappe, Marlene K.; Wilbur, Katherine M.; Telljohann, Susan K.; Jensen, Marilyn J.

    2009-01-01

    The original and revised National Health Education Standards (NHES) and performance indicators provide the foundation for curriculum, instruction and assessment in health education. The article clarifies the revised NHES and performance indicators for classroom teachers, health education teachers, curriculum directors, state department of…

  18. Debating the Future of American Education: Do We Need National Standards and Assessments?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ravitch, Diane, Ed.

    On May 18, 1994, a groups of scholars, policymakers, educators, and interested observers met at the Brookings Institution in Washington, D.C., to analyze a relatively new phenomenon in American education--national standards and assessments. The discussion took place a few weeks after Congress enacted Goals 2000: Educate America Act, the Clinton…

  19. NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LABORATORY ACCREDITATION CONFERENCE: CONSTITUTION, BYLAWS AND STANDARDS; APPROVED JUNE 2000

    EPA Science Inventory

    As Director of the Environmental Protection Agency's National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Program (NELAP), I offer my sincere appreciation to the many individuals who worked on the 2000 revision of the NELAC standards. I would like to give special recognition to th...

  20. Jordanian Vocational, Secondary Education Teachers and Acquisition of the National Professional Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Dajeh, Hesham I.

    2012-01-01

    The main purpose of this study was to estimate the level of acquisition of the Jordanian national professional standards by vocational, secondary education teachers. Two hundred teachers participated in the study. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS version 15.0. Questionnaire validity was assessed by content validity,…

  1. Unintended consequences of the push for accountability: the case of national child welfare performance standards

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark E. Courtney; Barbara Needell; Fred Wulczyn

    2004-01-01

    The ongoing push at the federal level to monitor performance of social programs calls for continuing attention to the lessons that can be learned from the implementation of the resulting monitoring efforts. In this paper, we critique the national standards used in the relatively new Child and Family Service Reviews being conducted by the federal government to assess state child

  2. "GFL2"! The Updated "Geography for Life: National Geography Standards, Second Edition"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heffron, Susan Gallagher

    2012-01-01

    "Geography for Life: National Geography Standards, Second Edition" ("GFL2") is the recently released update of the original edition published in 1994. The original edition of "Geography for Life" provided excellent guidance on geographic content for teachers, curriculum designers, publishers, and pre-service teachers as well as many other…

  3. 77 FR 3223 - National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Mineral Wool Production and Wool...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-23

    The EPA published in the Federal Register on November 25, 2011, the proposed rules, ``National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Mineral Wool Production and Wool Fiberglass Manufacturing.'' The EPA was asked to hold a public hearing only on the wool fiberglass manufacturing proposed rule, and on December 20, 2011, published a notice announcing the hearing and extending the comment......

  4. 75 FR 28227 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Gold Mine Ore Processing and Production...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-20

    ...2060-AP48 National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Gold Mine Ore Processing and Production Area Source Category and Addition...EPA published a proposed rule for mercury emissions from the gold mine ore processing and production area source category....

  5. 76 FR 78872 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Wool Fiberglass Manufacturing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-20

    The EPA published in the Federal Register on November 25, 2011, the proposed rules, ``National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Mineral Wool Production and Wool Fiberglass Manufacturing.'' The EPA was asked to hold a public hearing only on the wool fiberglass rule. Therefore, EPA is making two announcements: first, a public hearing for the proposed Wool Fiberglass Manufacturing......

  6. A Pilot Standard National Course Classification System for Secondary Education, 1995. [Diskette.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malitz, Gerald; And Others

    Presents an "infobase" version of "A Pilot Standard National Course Classification System for Secondary Education" to allow users to browse, search, annotate, print, and export information electronically. This publication is the culmination of a major effort to help establish common terminology, descriptions, and a coding structure for course…

  7. Bluetooth Dynamic Scheduling and Interference Mitigation National Institute of Standards and Technology

    E-print Network

    Bluetooth Dynamic Scheduling and Interference Mitigation N. Golmie National Institute of Standards and Technology Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 Email: nada.golmie@nist.gov Abstract. Bluetooth is a cable, and throughput. In addition to QOS support, another challenge for Bluetooth stems from having to share the 2

  8. National Set of Hydrogen Codes and Standards for the US (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Rivkin, C. H.

    2009-09-16

    The US has a national set of codes and standards that address the use of hydrogen technologies. These documents are published by several organizations and are not all directly adopted by government authorities. The US Department of Energy (DOE) has acted as the central organizing group to identify these documents and present them as a coherent and integrated set of requirements.

  9. EXAMINING PHYTOSTEROLS IN NUTS AND SEEDS FOR THE USDA NATIONAL NUTRIENT DATABASE FOR STANDARD REFERENCE

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Objective: The current release of the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference (SR) includes total phytosterols for 30 of the 128 nut and seed items. Twenty-two of those have values for individual sterols – Beta-sitosterol, stigmasterol, and campesterol. The current literature was st...

  10. Social Responsibility Standards: A Quick Glimpse Although efforts to establish measurements, standards and certifications related to

    E-print Network

    Aalberts, Daniel P.

    't be a certification standard. FOOD LABELING Fairtrade Labelling Organizations International (FLO) Fairtrade Labeling Organizations International (FLO) coordinates Fairtrade labeling at an international level. Its standards are designed

  11. Standardized DOE Spent Nuclear Fuel Canister and Transportation System for Shipping to the National Repository

    SciTech Connect

    Pincock, David Lynn; Morton, Dana Keith; Lengyel, Arpad Leslie

    2001-02-01

    The U.S.Department of Energy’s (DOE) National Spent Nuclear Fuel Program (NSNFP), located at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL), has been chartered with the responsibility for developing spent nuclear fuel (SNF) standardized canisters and a transportation cask system for shipping DOE SNF to the national repository. The mandate for this development is outlined in the Memorandum of Agreement for Acceptance of Department of Energy Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste that states, “EM shall design and fabricate … DOE SNF canisters for shipment to RW.” (1) It also states, “EM shall be responsible for the design, NRC certification, and fabrication of the transportation cask system for DOE SNF canisters or bare DOE SNF in accordance with 10 CFR Part 71.” (2) In fulfillment of these requirements, the NSNFP has developed four SNF standardized canister configurations and has conceptually designed a versatile transportation cask system for shipping the canisters to the national repository.1 The standardized canister sizes were derived from the national repository waste package design for co-disposal of SNF with high-level waste (HLW). One SNF canister can be placed in the center of the waste package or one can be placed in one of five radial positions, replacing a HLW canister. The internal cavity of the transportation cask was derived using the same logic, matching the size of the internal cavity of the waste package. The size of the internal cavity for the transportation cask allows the shipment of multiple canister configurations with the application of a removable basket design. The standardized canisters have been designed to be loaded with DOE SNF, placed into interim storage, shipped to the national repository, and placed in a waste package without having to be reopened. Significant testing has been completed that clearly demonstrates that the standardized canisters can safely achieve their intended design goals. The transportation cask system will include all of the standard design features, with the addition of dual containment for the shipment of failed fuel. The transportation cask system will also meet the rigorous licensing requirements of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to ensure that the design and the methods of fabrication employed will result in a shipping cask that will safely contain the radioactive materials under all credible accident scenarios. The standardization of the SNF canisters and the versatile design of the transportation cask system will eliminate a proliferation of designs and simplify the operations at the user sites and the national repository.

  12. 77 FR 34221 - Air Quality Designations for the 2008 Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Several...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-11

    ...2060-AR56 Air Quality Designations for the 2008 Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards for...ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) for ozone. On April 30, 2012, the EPA promulgated the initial ozone air quality designations for all areas...

  13. 40 CFR Appendix K to Part 50 - Interpretation of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Particulate Matter

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Particulate Matter K Appendix K to Part 50 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL...SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS Pt. 50, App. K Appendix K to Part 50—Interpretation of the...

  14. 40 CFR Appendix K to Part 50 - Interpretation of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Particulate Matter

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Particulate Matter K Appendix K to Part 50 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL...SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS Pt. 50, App. K Appendix K to Part 50—Interpretation of the...

  15. 40 CFR Appendix K to Part 50 - Interpretation of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Particulate Matter

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Particulate Matter K Appendix K to Part 50 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL...SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS Pt. 50, App. K Appendix K to Part 50—Interpretation of the...

  16. Harmonizing the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) sound level meter specification standards

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brooks, Bennett M.

    2005-09-01

    It has been over 20 years since the last major revision of the American National Standard Specification for Sound Level Meters, S1.4-1983 (R2002). This is the most extensively referenced ANSI acoustical standard, with wide application to architectural acoustics, soundscapes, environmental noise, and hearing conservation. A new revision is proposed that conforms as closely as possible to the recently developed International Electrotechnical Commission Standard for Electroacoustics-Sound Level Meters Part 1: Specifications, IEC 61672-1 (2002-05). This proposed revision represents an improvement over ANSI S1.4-1983, particularly in its frequency response tolerance limits at high frequencies, and impulse (toneburst) response. Also, it incorporates the high-frequency electrical design goals and tolerance limits for A-weighted response that were specified in Amendment S1.4A-1985, and it maintains the more restrictive low-frequency tolerance limits of the earlier (1983) specification, compared to IEC 61672-1. The proposed revision maintains the laboratory precision Type 0 specification, which is absent in IEC 61672-1, while incorporating the specifications for integrating-averaging sound level meters previously given in ANSI S1.43-1997. Sound level meters which meet the Type 1 and Type 2 specification requirements, respectively, in this S1.4 revision will also meet the Class 1 and Class 2 specification requirements of 61672-1.

  17. 48 CFR 9904.412 - Cost accounting standard for composition and measurement of pension cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost accounting standard for composition and measurement...Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL...BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS COST ACCOUNTING...

  18. 38 CFR 21.7672 - Measurement of courses not leading to a standard college degree.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...of courses not leading to a standard college degree. 21.7672 Section 21...of courses not leading to a standard college degree. (a) Overview. (1) Courses not leading to a standard college degree may be measured on...

  19. 38 CFR 21.7672 - Measurement of courses not leading to a standard college degree.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...of courses not leading to a standard college degree. 21.7672 Section 21...of courses not leading to a standard college degree. (a) Overview. (1) Courses not leading to a standard college degree may be measured on...

  20. 38 CFR 21.7672 - Measurement of courses not leading to a standard college degree.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...of courses not leading to a standard college degree. 21.7672 Section 21...of courses not leading to a standard college degree. (a) Overview. (1) Courses not leading to a standard college degree may be measured on...

  1. 38 CFR 21.7672 - Measurement of courses not leading to a standard college degree.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...of courses not leading to a standard college degree. 21.7672 Section 21...of courses not leading to a standard college degree. (a) Overview. (1) Courses not leading to a standard college degree may be measured on...

  2. 48 CFR 9904.412 - Cost accounting standard for composition and measurement of pension cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Cost accounting standard for composition and measurement...Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL...BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS COST ACCOUNTING...

  3. 48 CFR 9904.412 - Cost accounting standard for composition and measurement of pension cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 2012-10-01 true Cost accounting standard for composition and measurement...Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL...BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS COST ACCOUNTING...

  4. 48 CFR 9904.412 - Cost accounting standard for composition and measurement of pension cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cost accounting standard for composition and measurement...Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL...BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS COST ACCOUNTING...

  5. 40 CFR 50.16 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...compounds are 0.15 micrograms per cubic meter, arithmetic mean concentration over a 3-month period, measured...quality standards for Pb are met when the maximum arithmetic 3-month mean concentration for a 3-year period, as...

  6. 40 CFR 50.16 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...compounds are 0.15 micrograms per cubic meter, arithmetic mean concentration over a 3-month period, measured...quality standards for Pb are met when the maximum arithmetic 3-month mean concentration for a 3-year period, as...

  7. 40 CFR 50.16 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...compounds are 0.15 micrograms per cubic meter, arithmetic mean concentration over a 3-month period, measured...quality standards for Pb are met when the maximum arithmetic 3-month mean concentration for a 3-year period, as...

  8. 40 CFR 50.16 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...compounds are 0.15 micrograms per cubic meter, arithmetic mean concentration over a 3-month period, measured...quality standards for Pb are met when the maximum arithmetic 3-month mean concentration for a 3-year period, as...

  9. 40 CFR 50.16 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...compounds are 0.15 micrograms per cubic meter, arithmetic mean concentration over a 3-month period, measured...quality standards for Pb are met when the maximum arithmetic 3-month mean concentration for a 3-year period, as...

  10. 40 CFR Appendix H to Part 50 - Interpretation of the 1-Hour Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone H Appendix H to Part 50 Protection...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone 1. General This appendix explains...the “Guideline for Interpretation of Ozone Air Quality Standards.” For purposes...

  11. 40 CFR Appendix H to Part 50 - Interpretation of the 1-Hour Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone H Appendix H to Part...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone 1. General This...Guideline for Interpretation of Ozone Air Quality Standards.” For...

  12. 40 CFR Appendix H to Part 50 - Interpretation of the 1-Hour Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone H Appendix H to Part...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone 1. General This...Guideline for Interpretation of Ozone Air Quality Standards.” For...

  13. 40 CFR Appendix H to Part 50 - Interpretation of the 1-Hour Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone H Appendix H to Part...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone 1. General This...Guideline for Interpretation of Ozone Air Quality Standards.” For...

  14. 40 CFR Appendix H to Part 50 - Interpretation of the 1-Hour Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone H Appendix H to Part...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone 1. General This...Guideline for Interpretation of Ozone Air Quality Standards.” For...

  15. Characterization of an absolute cryogenic radiometer as a standard detector for radiant-power measurements.

    PubMed

    Datla, R U; Stock, K; Parr, A C; Hoyt, C C; Miller, P J; Foukal, P V

    1992-12-01

    An active cavity radiometer of the electrical substitution type with a cone receiver that operates at 2-4 K has been developed for measuring radiant fluxes in the dynamic range of 20 nW to 100 microW within an uncertainty of +/-1% (2sigmalevel). It is a broadband absolute detector with a flat overall absorption efficiency that is >99% for radiation from the visible to long-wavelength IR. The system is designed based on thermal modeling and experimental measurements of concepts. It has been installed in the cryogenic chamber for low-background infrared radiation calibrations at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) for testing cryogenic blackbody sources, detectors, and optical components. Its time constant, responsivity, and nonequivalence error have been measured. They are in agreement with design predictions. Radiant power measurements of an amplitude-stabilized He-Ne laser beam with the radiometer and an industry standard photodiode detector, QED-200, have been intercompared and found to be in agreement. The intercomparison ratio of the measurements with the absolute cryogenic radiometer and QED-200 was 1.004 in the 75-100-microW range with an uncertainty of 0.5% (the 3sigma level). PMID:20802586

  16. Measuring mechanical pain: The refinement and standardization of pressure pain threshold measurements.

    PubMed

    Melia, Michael; Schmidt, Martin; Geissler, Britta; König, Jochem; Krahn, Ulrike; Ottersbach, Hans Jürgen; Letzel, Stephan; Muttray, Axel

    2015-03-01

    Pain thresholds are widely used in behavioral research, but unlike other pain modalities, a standardized assessment of pressure pain remains a challenge. In this research, we describe the application of an automatic pressure algometer with a linear increase in force. Ergonomically designed fixation devices were developed to increase the accuracy and to shorten the time of each measurement. Ten healthy volunteers were included in a pilot study to test the algometry method. Pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) were investigated over 2 experimental days in three nonconsecutive runs at 29 measurement sites. During the experiment, subjects reported their subjective sleepiness, level of state-anxiety, psychological status and the perceived pain intensity of each measurement. Pain intensity ratings indicate that instructions were followed. State-anxiety and subjective sleepiness levels were low throughout the experiment. The method has proven to be suitable for standardized PPT measurements across the body in an ergonomic, safe, and user-friendly fashion. PMID:24570335

  17. National Science Education Standards as a Catalyst for Change: The Essential Role of Professional Development

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Rodger W. Bybee

    2001-01-01

    Standards have become a part of the educational landscape. In this chapter, we survey the origins of national standards; reflect on their power, in particular those in science education; and examine the role professional development must play if standards are to realize their potential to truly transform education. The link between standards and professional development is essential: Knowing where one needs to go is only the first step. Building the capacity for continuous learning for all students--a capacity needed to take us well into the 21st century--must follow. This free selection also includes a Foreword, Preface, an About the Editors page, the Table of Contents, and an Introduction section.

  18. Dying in two acute hospitals: would usual care meet Australian national clinical standards?

    PubMed

    Clark, Katherine; Byfieldt, Naomi; Green, Malcolm; Saul, Peter; Lack, Jill; Philips, Jane L

    2014-05-01

    The Australian Commission for Quality and Safety in Health Care (ACQSHC) has articulated 10 clinical standards with the aim of improving the consistency of quality healthcare delivery. Currently, the majority of Australians die in acute hospitals. But despite this, no agreed standard of care exists to define the minimum standard of care that people should accept in the final hours to days of life. As a result, there is limited capacity to conduct audits that focus on the gap between current care and recommended care. There is, however, accumulating evidence in the end of life literature to define which aspects of care are likely to be considered most important to those people facing imminent death. These themes offer standards against which to conduct audits. This is very apt given the national recommendation that healthcare should be delivered in the context of considering people's wishes while always treating people with dignity and respect. PMID:24589365

  19. 1997 Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) -- Radionuclides annual report

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1998-06-01

    Under Section 61.94 of Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 61, Subpart H, National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other Than Radon From Department of Energy Facilities, each Department of Energy (DOE) facility must submit an annual report documenting compliance. This report addresses the Section 61.94 reporting requirements for operations at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for calendar year (CY) 1997. Section 1 of this report provides an overview of the INEEL facilities and a brief description of the radioactive materials and processes at the facilities. Section 2 identifies radioactive air effluent release points and diffuse sources at the INEEL and actual releases during 1997. Section 2 also describes the effluent control systems for each potential release point. Section 3 provides the methodology and EDE calculations for 1997 INEEL radioactive emissions.

  20. Growth and Body Composition of uninfected children exposed to HIV: Comparison with a Contemporary Cohort and US National Standards

    PubMed Central

    Neri, Daniela; Somarriba, Gabriel A.; Schaefer, Natasha N.; Chaparro, Aida I.; Scott, Gwendolyn B.; Lopez-Mitnik, Gabriela; Ludwig, David A.; Miller, Tracie L.

    2012-01-01

    Objective To compare growth and body composition of uninfected children exposed to HIV with a contemporary HIV-unexposed group and to US references. Study design Uninfected children exposed to HIV under 2 years were enrolled into a longitudinal observational study and unexposed children under 2 years in a cross-sectional evaluation. Weights, lengths, head circumferences, skinfold thicknesses, and arm and thigh circumferences were measured and adjusted for age using CDC and NHANES standards. Uninfected children exposed to HIV were compared with an unexposed nearest-neighbor matched comparison group. Uninfected children exposed to HIV were compared by age to CDC standards for growth measures and NHANES standards for body composition. Results One hundred eleven uninfected children exposed to HIV and 82 children not exposed to HIV were evaluated. For the matched comparison for both groups, the mean age was 10 months, 59% were male, and 73% were Black. No statistical differences were found in anthropometric measurements between uninfected children who were or were not exposed to HIV. Uninfected children exposed to HIV were smaller than US standards at birth with mean (SD) weight-for-age (WAZ) and weight-for-length (WLZ) of ?0.39(1.06); P=0.002 and ?0.35(1.04); P=0.005, respectively. Over the first 2-years of life, there was a trend toward increasing WAZ, length-forage (LAZ), and WLZ in uninfected children exposed to HIV. Subscapular and triceps skinfolds among uninfected children exposed to HIV were lower than national standards and there was a trend that mid-upper arm circumference (MAC) decreased over time. Conclusions Growth and body composition of uninfected children who were or were not exposed to HIV were similar. Uninfected children exposed to HIV are lighter at birth and show a pattern of slightly accelerated growth in the first 2 years. Uninfected children exposed to HIV had less subcutaneous fat and decreasing MAC over time when compared with US standards. PMID:23360565

  1. 38 CFR 21.7670 - Measurement of courses leading to a standard, undergraduate college degree.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Measurement of courses leading to a standard, undergraduate college degree. 21.7670 Section 21.7670 Pensions, Bonuses...Measurement of courses leading to a standard, undergraduate college degree. Except as provided in § 21.7672, VA will...

  2. 38 CFR 21.7670 - Measurement of courses leading to a standard, undergraduate college degree.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Measurement of courses leading to a standard, undergraduate college degree. 21.7670 Section 21.7670 Pensions, Bonuses...Measurement of courses leading to a standard, undergraduate college degree. Except as provided in § 21.7672, VA will...

  3. 38 CFR 21.7670 - Measurement of courses leading to a standard, undergraduate college degree.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Measurement of courses leading to a standard, undergraduate college degree. 21.7670 Section 21.7670 Pensions, Bonuses...Measurement of courses leading to a standard, undergraduate college degree. Except as provided in § 21.7672, VA will...

  4. 38 CFR 21.7670 - Measurement of courses leading to a standard, undergraduate college degree.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Measurement of courses leading to a standard, undergraduate college degree. 21.7670 Section 21.7670 Pensions, Bonuses...Measurement of courses leading to a standard, undergraduate college degree. Except as provided in § 21.7672, VA will...

  5. Implementation of National Science Education Standards in suburban elementary schools: Teachers' perceptions and classroom practices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khan, Rubina Samer

    2005-07-01

    This was an interpretive qualitative study that focused on how three elementary school science teachers from three different public schools perceived and implemented the National Science Education Standards based on the Reformed Teaching Observation Protocol and individual interviews with the teachers. This study provided an understanding of the standards movement and teacher change in the process. Science teachers who were experienced with the National Science Education Standards were selected as the subjects of the study. Grounded in the theory of teacher change, this study's phenomenological premise was that the extent to which a new reform has an effect on students' learning and achievement on standardized tests depends on the content a teacher teaches as well as the style of teaching. It was therefore necessary to explore how teachers understand and implement the standards in the classrooms. The surveys, interviews and observations provided rich data from teachers' intentions, reflections and actions on the lessons that were observed while also providing the broader contextual framework for the understanding of the teachers' perspectives.

  6. 77 FR 28423 - Final Rule To Implement the 1997 8-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-14

    ...Final Rule To Implement the 1997 8-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard...Requirements; Deletion of Obsolete 1-Hour Ozone Standard Provision; Final Rule Federal...Final Rule To Implement the 1997 8-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality...

  7. Examination of the 1970 National Bureau of Standards Underground Corrosion Test Welded Stainless STeel Coupons from Site D

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. R. Zirker; M. K. Adler Flitton; T. S. Yoder; T. L. Trowbridge

    2008-01-01

    A 1970 study initiated by the National Bureau of Standards (NBS), now known as the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), buried over 6000 corrosion coupons or specimens of stainless steel Types 201, 202, 301, 304, 316, 409, 410, 430, and 434. The coupons were configured as sheet metal plates, coated plates, cross-welded plates, U-bend samples, sandwiched materials, and

  8. The 77th National Conference on Weights and Measures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brickenkamp, Carroll S.; Turner, Ann H.

    1992-10-01

    The 77th Annual Meeting of the National Conference on Weights and Measures (NCWM) was held July 19 through 23, 1992, at the Stouffer Nashville Hotel in Nashville, Tennessee. The theme of the meeting was 'Partnerships for Progress'. Reports by the standing and annual committees of the conference comprise the major portion of the publication, along with the addresses delivered by conference officials and other authorities from government and industry. Special meetings included those of the metrologists, the Associate Membership Committee, the Retired Officials Committee, the Scale Manufacturers' Association, the American Petroleum Institute, the Industry Committee on Packaging and Labeling, the regional weights and measure associations, and the National Association of State Departments of Agriculture Weights and Measures Division, and the National Council on State Metrication.

  9. Teacher Perception of the Alignment of Enhancing Missouri's Instructional Networked Teaching Strategies (eMINTS) with the National Staff Development Council (NSDC) Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanfill, Diana L.

    2010-01-01

    This study used the National Staff Development Council (NSDC) standards for staff development as a framework for measuring specific aspects of the enhancing Missouri's Instructional Networked Teaching Strategies (eMINTS) educational technology professional development program, as perceived by eMINTS teachers. The Technology Integration Cycle…

  10. Ionization-chamber intercomparison in mixed neutron and gamma-ray radiation fields by National Bureau of Standards and Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute. Technical report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Dooley; L. J. Goodman; G. H. Zeman; R. B. Schwartz; C. M. Eisenhauer

    1986-01-01

    This report describes a dosimetry intercomparison conducted between the Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute (AFRRI) and the National Bureau of Standards (NBS). The project was undertaken as part of an overall program to validate the reliability and credibility of the neutron dosimetry system used with the AFRRI TRIGA reactor in support of radiobiology research. The intercomparison included adsorbed dose measurements

  11. Defining Indicators and Standards for Tourism Impacts in Protected Areas: Cape Range National Park, Australia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moore, Susan A.; Polley, Amanda

    2007-03-01

    Visitors’ perceptions of impacts and acceptable standards for environmental conditions can provide essential information for the sustainable management of tourist destinations, especially protected areas. To this end, visitor surveys were administered during the peak visitor season in Cape Range National Park, on the northwest coast of Western Australia and adjacent to the iconic Ningaloo Reef. The central focus was visitors’ perceptions regarding environmental conditions and standards for potential indicators. Conditions considered of greatest importance in determining visitors’ quality of experience included litter, inadequate disposal of human waste, presence of wildlife, levels of noise, and access to beach and ocean. Standards were determined, based on visitors’ perceptions, for a range of site-specific and non-site-specific indicators, with standards for facilities (e.g., acceptable number of parking bays, signs) and for negative environmental impacts (e.g., levels of littering, erosion) sought. The proposed standards varied significantly between sites for the facilities indicators; however, there was no significant difference between sites for environmental impacts. For the facilities, the standards proposed by visitors were closely related to the existing situation, suggesting that they were satisfied with the status quo. These results are considered in the context of current research interest in the efficacy of visitor-derived standards as a basis for protected area management.

  12. Defining indicators and standards for tourism impacts in protected areas: Cape Range National Park, Australia.

    PubMed

    Moore, Susan A; Polley, Amanda

    2007-03-01

    Visitors' perceptions of impacts and acceptable standards for environmental conditions can provide essential information for the sustainable management of tourist destinations, especially protected areas. To this end, visitor surveys were administered during the peak visitor season in Cape Range National Park, on the northwest coast of Western Australia and adjacent to the iconic Ningaloo Reef. The central focus was visitors' perceptions regarding environmental conditions and standards for potential indicators. Conditions considered of greatest importance in determining visitors' quality of experience included litter, inadequate disposal of human waste, presence of wildlife, levels of noise, and access to beach and ocean. Standards were determined, based on visitors' perceptions, for a range of site-specific and non-site-specific indicators, with standards for facilities (e.g., acceptable number of parking bays, signs) and for negative environmental impacts (e.g., levels of littering, erosion) sought. The proposed standards varied significantly between sites for the facilities indicators; however, there was no significant difference between sites for environmental impacts. For the facilities, the standards proposed by visitors were closely related to the existing situation, suggesting that they were satisfied with the status quo. These results are considered in the context of current research interest in the efficacy of visitor-derived standards as a basis for protected area management. PMID:17203342

  13. 40 CFR 50.9 - National 1-hour primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. 50.9 Section...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. (a) The level...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone measured by a...

  14. 40 CFR 50.9 - National 1-hour primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. 50.9 Section...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. (a) The level...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone measured by a...

  15. 40 CFR 50.9 - National 1-hour primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. 50.9 Section...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. (a) The level...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone measured by a...

  16. 40 CFR 50.9 - National 1-hour primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. 50.9 Section...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. (a) The level...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone measured by a...

  17. Nanosatellite standardization and modularization as an asset to space weather measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Voss, D.; Carssow, D.; Fritz, T. A.; Voss, H. D.

    2009-12-01

    The continuity of measurements from satellites in the Magnetosphere and Ionosphere is essential for the space weather community as pointed out by the US National Space Weather Program. Challenges to space budgets and the growing dependence upon space weather prediction have opened the door for extremely small satellites to play a large role in making these measurements. Standardization allows for modularity and the ability to lower satellite cost by reusing instrumentation and satellite systems without redesigning interfaces. Use of nanosatellites gives a designer the freedom to depart from the customary larger satellite design by deploying standardized interfaces throughout the spacecraft bus. Examples from the Boston University Student Satellite for Application and Training (BUSAT), the Thunderstorms and Effects Scientific and Technology nanosatellite (TEST), and the Loss Cone Imaging Instrument (LCI) will be provided. BUSAT is a five instrument nanosatellite with a nine pixel Imaging Electron Spectrometer, a Magnetometer, an Auroral Imager, a Very Low Frequency receiver, and a Langmuir Plasma Probe. Its purpose is to further the understanding of the coupling between energetic particles originating in the magnetosphere and their subsequent effects on the Ionosphere. In addition to their space weather science objective, BUSAT’s subsystems are based on the Cubesat concept and have been standardized, enabling them to be stacked in any orientation. Subsystems are not limited in size to the basic 1U cube, but are able to be any multiple of that size in any direction.

  18. Applying IEEE storage system management standards at the National Storage Laboratory

    SciTech Connect

    Louis, S.; Hyer, S.W.

    1992-12-04

    Since its inception in 1990, the IEEE Storage System Standards Working Group has identified storage-system management as an area in need of further development The pressing need for standards in storage-system management arises from the requirement to exchange management information and to provide control in a consistent predictable manner between the components of a storage system. An appropriate set of management standards will allow multiple vendors to supply storage management subsystems or applications that are integral to or compatible with new storage systems conforming to future IEEE standards. An early, practical application of IEEE storage-system-management work is being pursued at the National Storage Laboratory (NSL), a recently-formed industrial collaboration at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The NSL`s purpose is to develop advanced hardware and software technologies for high-performance, distributed storage systems. Since storage system management is of critical concern, it is being explored in depth at the NSL. Work was initiated to define basic management requirements and develop generalized graphical-user-interface tools using remote-procedure-call mechanisms to implement the NSL`s conceptual management framework. Several constraints were imposed on the development of early versions of this work to maintain compatibility with the NSL`s underlying UniTree-based software architecture and to provide timely prototypes and proof of concept. The project leverages the on-going standards work of the IEEE Storage System Standards Working Group (SSSWG) and also explores some of the relationships and interactions between IEEE storage-system management and more well known management methods for distributed systems and networks. It will have long term benefits by providing ``real-life`` storage-system-management requirements to the IEEE SSSWG for validation of evolving standards.

  19. Defining Indicators and Standards for Tourism Impacts in Protected Areas: Cape Range National Park, Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan A. Moore; Amanda Polley

    2007-01-01

    Visitors’ perceptions of impacts and acceptable standards for environmental conditions can provide essential information for\\u000a the sustainable management of tourist destinations, especially protected areas. To this end, visitor surveys were administered\\u000a during the peak visitor season in Cape Range National Park, on the northwest coast of Western Australia and adjacent to the\\u000a iconic Ningaloo Reef. The central focus was visitors’

  20. Nevada Test Site National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Calendar Year 2007

    SciTech Connect

    Robert Grossman; Ronald Warren

    2008-06-01

    The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is operated by the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office. From 1951 through 1992, the NTS was operated as the nation's site for nuclear weapons testing. The release of man-made radionuclides from the NTS as a result of testing activities has been monitored since the first decade of atmospheric testing. After 1962, when nuclear tests were conducted only underground, the radiation exposure to the public surrounding the NTS was greatly reduced. After the 1992 moratorium on nuclear testing, radiation monitoring on the NTS focused on detecting airborne radionuclides which come from historically contaminated soils resuspended into the air (e.g., by winds) and tritium-contaminated soil moisture emitted to the air from soils through evapotranspiration. To protect the public from harmful levels of man-made radiation, the Clean Air Act, National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) (Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations [CFR] Part 61 Subpart H) limits the release of radioactivity from a U.S. Department of Energy facility (e.g., the NTS) to 10 millirem per year (mrem/yr) effective dose equivalent to any member of the public. This is the dose limit established for someone living off of the NTS from radionuclides emitted to air from the NTS. This limit does not include the radiation doses that members of the public may receive through the intake of radioactive particles unrelated to NTS activities, such as those that come from naturally occurring elements in the environment (e.g., naturally occurring radionuclides in soil or radon gas from the earth or natural building materials), or from other man-made sources (e.g., medical treatments). The NTS demonstrates compliance using environmental measurements of radionuclide air concentrations at critical receptor locations. This method was approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for use on the NTS in 2001 and has been the sole method used since 2005. There are six critical receptor locations on the NTS that are actually pseudocritical receptor locations because they are hypothetical receptor locations; no person actually resides at these onsite locations. Annual average concentrations of detected radionuclides are compared with Concentration Levels (CL) for Environmental Compliance values listed in 40 CFR 61, Appendix E, Table 2. Compliance is demonstrated if the sum of fractions (CL/measured concentrations) of all detected radionuclides at each pseudo-critical receptor location is less than one. In 2007, as in all previous years for which this report has been produced, the NTS has demonstrated that the potential dose to the public from radiological emissions to air from current and past NTS activities is well below the 10 mrem/yr dose limit. Air sampling data collected onsite at each of the six pseudo-critical receptor stations on the NTS had average concentrations of nuclear test-related radioactivity that were a fraction of the limits listed in Table 2 in Appendix E of 40 CFR 61. They ranged from less than 1 percent to a maximum of 20 percent of the allowed NESHAP limit. Because the nearest member of the public resides approximately 20 kilometers (12 miles) from the NTS boundary, concentrations at this location would be only a small fraction of that measured on the NTS.