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1

NBS (National Bureau of Standards): Materials measurements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NBS work for NASA in support of NASA's Microgravity Science and Applications Program under NASA Government Order H-27954B (Properties of Electronic Materials) covering the period April 1, 1984 to March 31, 1985 is described. The work has been carried out in three independent tasks: Task 1--Surface Tensions and Their Variations with Temperature and Impurities; Task 2--Convention during Unidirectional Solidification; Task 3--Measurement of High Temperature Thermodynamic Properties. The results for each task are given separately in the body of the report.

Manning, J. R.

1985-01-01

2

NBS (National Bureau of Standards): Materials measurements. [space processing experiments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Work directed toward the measurement of materials properties important to the design and interpretation of space processing experiments and determinations of how the space environment may offer a unique opportunity for performing improved measurements and producing materials with improved properties is reported. Surface tensions and their variations with temperature and impurities; convection during undirectional solidification; and measurement of the high temperature thermophysical properties of tungsten group liquids and solids are discussed and results are summarized.

Manning, J. R.

1983-01-01

3

Specifying and standardizing performance measures for use at a national level: implications for nursing-sensitive care performance measures.  

PubMed

This article explicates a comprehensive process for identifying, specifying, testing, and implementing nationally standardized performance measures. A growing body of research ties nurse staffing to patient outcomes, reinforcing the important role of nursing in the delivery of safe, efficacious health care. The Joint Commission has developed a multistep process to identify robust sets of evidence-based measures that includes a review of the evidence, expert advisory panel guidance, use of established criteria, public input and comment, and multistage field testing before implementation. This proven approach to the establishment of performance metrics is applicable to the identification and implementation of nurse-sensitive workforce measures. These metrics can then be used by providers to support performance improvement activities by health care stakeholders to monitor nurse staffing-related issues, and by researchers to better understand the relationship between staffing effectiveness and patient safety, and the quality of health care. PMID:17406012

Riehle, Annette I; Hanold, Linda S; Sprenger, Sharon L; Loeb, Jerod M

2007-04-01

4

National Science Education Standards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

National Science Education Standards. Instead, the Standards provide criteria that people at the local, state, and national levels can use to judge whether particular actions will serve the vision of a scientifically literate society. They bring coordination, consistency, and coherence to the improvement of science education. If people take risks in the name of improving science education, they know they will be supported by policies and procedures throughout the system. By moving the practices of extraordinary teachers and administrators to the forefront of science education, the Standards take science education beyond the constraints of the present and toward a shared vision of the future.

1998-01-01

5

National Information Standards Organization  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1939, the National Information Standards Organization (NISO) is the premier contact organization responsible for identifying, developing, maintaining, and publishing technical standards "to manage information in our changing and ever-more digital environment". Their standards apply to both traditional and new technologies to the full range of information needs, such as storage, metadata, and preservation, to name but a few. On their site, visitors can read their monthly newsletter, peruse their annual report, and take a look at their various standards, including those that are still being developed. Visitors may also elect to download the current NISO standards if they so desire. The "Standards in Development" section is a nice place to take a look at, as it contains helpful notes and working documents on the development of such standards as technical metadata for digital still images and those for controlled vocabularies and thesauri.

6

REASSESSMENT OF HOUSEHOLD MEASURES AND WEIGHTS FOR SELECTED FRUIT IN THE USDA NATIONAL NUTRIENT DATABASE FOR STANDARD REFERENCE  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference (SR) includes common household measures with corresponding gram weights for most food items. These weights and measures are important for dietitians, researchers, educators, and consumers to help estimate the nutrient content in a specified...

7

Measurement and validation of cell-based assays with microfluidics at the National Institute of Standards and Technology.  

PubMed

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is the National Metrology Institute for the USA. Our mission is to advance measurement science, standards and technology in ways that enhance economic security and improve quality of life in the USA. Due to the increased need for technologies that advance biological research and the many new and exciting innovations in microfluidics, our projects are aimed at engineering well-controlled microenvironments for quantitative measurements of cell behavior in microfluidic systems. Cell-based microfluidics at NIST is a highly multidisciplinary activity and is greatly influenced by NIST programs in biochemical sciences, materials science, engineering and information technology. Although there are many microfluidic-related activities ongoing at NIST, we will focus on projects related to cell-based measurements in this article. PMID:22943616

Cooksey, Gregory A; Atencia, Javier; Forry, Samuel P

2012-08-01

8

Standards for holdup measurement  

SciTech Connect

Holdup measurement, needed for material balance, depend intensively on standards and on interpretation of the calibration procedure. More than other measurements, the calibration procedure using the standard becomes part of the standard. Standards practical for field use and calibration techniques have been developed. While accuracy in holdup measurements is comparatively poor, avoidance of bias is a necessary goal.

Zucker, M.S.

1982-01-01

9

National Standards for Carpentry Apprenticeship.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The revised national standards for carpentry apprenticeship encompass standards for carpentry, millwright, and mill-cabinet apprenticeships. The standards were developed to provide guidelines for establishing local systems of apprenticeship as well as for advancing and improving existing systems. The term for carpentry, millwright, and…

National Joint Carpentry Apprenticeship Committee, Washington, DC.

10

Ultraviolet Radiation Dose National Standard of México  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the Ultraviolet (UV) Radiation Dose National Standard for México. The establishment of this measurement reference at Centro Nacional de Metrología (CENAM) eliminates the need of contacting foreign suppliers in the search for traceability towards the SI units when calibrating instruments at 365 nm. Further more, the UV Radiation Dose National Standard constitutes a highly accurate and reliable source for the UV radiation dose measurements performed in medical and cosmetic treatments as in the the food and pharmaceutics disinfection processes, among other.

Cardoso, R.; Rosas, E.

2006-09-01

11

The National Science Education Standards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The authors use the 1992 challenge from the National Committee on Science Education Standards and Assessment to frame the discussion in this article. Here is their challenge: . . . [C]reate a vision for the scientifically literate person and

Champagne, Audrey B.; Bybee, Rodger W.

2000-01-01

12

International Lessons about National Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whether to adopt national standards and tests has long been a subject of lively debate in the United States. With 47 states now participating in the Common Core State Standards Initiative, and a commitment from Education Secretary Arne Duncan to allocate hundreds of millions in stimulus funds to the development of common tests, the country is…

Schmidt, William H.; Houang, Richard; Shakrani, Sharif

2009-01-01

13

Foundations of Metrology: Important Early Works on Weights and Measures in the Library of the National Bureau of Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this project was to survey the National Bureau of Standards library holdings of pre-1900 works on metrology and from these, to assemble a special collection of historically important documents. The 265 imprints selected for the collection are listed in this report. Each entry includes the main author, title, imprint, and collation…

Terner, Janet R.

14

National Green Building Standard Analysis  

SciTech Connect

DOE's Building America Program is a research and development program to improve the energy performance of new and existing homes. The ultimate goal of the Building America Program is to achieve examples of cost-effective, energy efficient solutions for all U.S. climate zones. Periodic maintenance of an ANSI standard by review of the entire document and action to revise or reaffirm it on a schedule not to exceed five years is required by ANSI. In compliance, a consensus group has once again been formed and the National Green Building Standard is currently being reviewed to comply with the periodic maintenance requirement of an ANSI standard.

NAHB Research Center, Upper Marlboro, Maryland

2012-07-01

15

National Public Health Performance Standards Program (NPHPSP)  

E-print Network

National Public Health Performance Standards Program (NPHPSP) Connections with Environmental Health Performance Standards NPHPSP Three Assessment Instruments ­State public health system ­Local public health-07 National Public Health Performance Standards Program (NPHPSP) Connections with Environmental Health

16

International Standardization of Bed Rest Standard Measures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation gives an overview of the standardization of bed rest measures. The International Countermeasures Working Group attempted to define and agree internationally on standard measurements for spaceflight based bed rest studies. The group identified the experts amongst several stakeholder agencys. It included information on exercise, muscle, neurological, psychological, bone and cardiovascular measures.

Cromwell, Ronita L.

2010-01-01

17

Information Technology: American National Standard for Information  

E-print Network

Information Technology: American National Standard for Information Systems-- Data Format for the Interchange of Fingerprint Facial, & Other Biometric Information ­ Part 2: XML Version NIST Special 500-275 Information Technology: American National Standard for Information Systems-- Data Format

18

Evaluating a Dichotomized Measure of Self-Reported Hearing Loss Against Gold Standard Audiometry: Prevalence Estimates and Age Bias in a Pooled National Data set  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To evaluate a harmonized binary measure of self-reported hearing loss against gold standard audiometry in an older adult population. Method: Seven nationally representative population-based studies were harmonized and pooled (n = 23,001). Self-report items were recoded into a dichotomous format. Audiometric hearing loss was defined by averaged pure-tone thresholds greater than 25-decibel hearing level in the better ear. We

Kim M. Kiely; Bamini Gopinath; Paul Mitchell; Colette J. Browning; Kaarin J. Anstey

2012-01-01

19

National Science Education Standards: A Sampler.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Research Council is coordinating the development of national standards for science education in grades K through 12. By the fall of 1994, National Science Education Standards will be completed and published. The standards will contain narrative descriptions of what all students should be able to do to engage and understand the natural…

National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC.

20

National Environmental Public Health Performance Standards  

E-print Network

National Environmental Public Health Performance Standards (NEnvPHPS): The Next Step in Enhancing) · 2005 ­ NPHPS Coordination · 2006 ­ EHSB Strategic Planning National Environmental Public Health Performance Standards (NEnvPHPS) Relationship to the National Public Health Performance Standards Page 1

21

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY/ NATIONAL COMPUTER SECURITY CENTER  

E-print Network

National Bank Virgil Gibson GrumannData Systems Dennis Gilbert National Institute of Standards and Technology Irene Gilbert National Institute of Standards and Technology Captain James Goldston, USAF AFCSC Dr. Carl Landwehr Robert lau Dr. Theodore M.P. lee Steven B. lipner Teresa lunt Dr. William V

22

NSSN: A National Resource for Global Standards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) provides this National Standards Systems Network database, a searchable interface to bibliographic information about more than 225,000 approved standards. The basic search interface supports title and document number queries. Information returned includes title, document number, whether or not there is an ANSI approved standard, and ordering information. The search help applies to an enhanced version of the search interface that is fee based.

23

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY/ NATIONAL COMPUTER SECURITY CENTER  

E-print Network

Systems Dennis Gilbert National Institute ofStandards and Technology Irene Gilbert National Institute of Steven B. lipner Teresa lunt Dr. William V. Maconachy Sally Meglathery Dr. Jonathan Millen Warren Monroe

24

Information Technology: American National Standard for Information  

E-print Network

Information Technology: American National Standard for Information Systems-- Data Format for the Interchange of Fingerprint Facial, & Other Biometric Information ­ Part 1 NIST Special Publication 500-271 Information Technology: American National Standard for Information Systems-- Data Format for the Interchange

25

The New National Standards for Music Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hundreds of educators contributed to writing and reviewing the new National Core Music Standards over two years of development. Thousands more will find their professional lives shaped by these standards over decades to come. Three individuals involved in standards development explain.

Shuler, Scott C.; Norgaard, Martin; Blakeslee, Michael J.

2014-01-01

26

Implementing the National Standard for Spatial Data Accuracy (DRAFT)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Minnesota Planning has made available this Web version (.pdf format) of Implementing the National Standard for Spatial Data Accuracy. This report describes how "positional accuracy can be measured and reported for databases that contain geographic features like roads, rivers, and property lines." Sections included at the website are: Implementing the National Standard for Spatial Data Accuracy, Case study from the City of Minneapolis - Digital Orthophotos, Case study from the Washington County Parcel Database, Case study from the Lawrence Group - Twin Cities Metro Area Street Centerline Database, National Map Accuracy Standards, and accuracy statistic worksheets in Excel format. The user can also order a printed copy of this draft handbook.

27

Russian standards for dimensional measurements for nanotechnologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to provide the uniformity of measurements at the nanoscale, seven national standards have been developed in the Russian Federation. Of these seven standards, three standards specify the procedures of fabrication and certification of linear measures with the linewidth lying in the nanometer range. The other four standards specify the procedures of verification and calibration of customer's atomic force microscopes and scanning electron microscopes, intended to perform measurements of linear dimensions of relief nanostructures. For an atomic force microscope, the following four parameters can be deduced: scale factor for the video signal, effective radius of the cantilever tip, scale factor for the vertical axis of the microscope, relative deflection of the microscope's Z-scanner from the orthogonality to the plane of a sample surface. For a scanning electron microscope, the following two parameters can be deduced: scale factor for the video signal and the effective diameter of the electron beam. The standards came into force in 2008.

Gavrilenko, V. P.; Filippov, M. N.; Novikov, Yu. A.; Rakov, A. V.; Todua, P. A.

2009-05-01

28

NATIONAL ROOFERS APPRENTICESHIP AND TRAINING STANDARDS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE PURPOSES OF THESE NATIONAL STANDARDS ARE TO SERVE AS A PROMOTIONAL INSTRUMENT TO ENCOURAGE THE PROPER TRAINING OF APPRENTICES WITHIN THE INDUSTRY AND TO GUIDE LOCAL JOINT APPRENTICESHIP. THE STANDARDS WERE ESTABLISHED TO PROVIDE 1,400 HOURS OF ON-THE-JOB TRAINING PER YEAR FOR A 3-YEAR PERIOD WITH 144 HOURS OF RELATED INSTRUCTION PER YEAR FOR…

Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training.

29

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY! NATIONAL COMPUTER SECURITY CENTER  

E-print Network

L. Dain Gary Carnegie Mellon University William Geer AFCSC Virgil Gibson Grumann Data Systems Dennis Gilbert National Institute of Standards and Technology Irene Gilbert National Institute of Frank Mayer Dr. Catherine Meadows Sally Meglathery William H. Murray Noel Nazario Dr. Peter Neumann Nick

30

Standardization of noncontact 3D measurement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As the global R&D competition is intensified, more speedy measurement instruments are required both in laboratories and production process. In machinery areas, while contact type coordinate measuring machines (CMM) have been widely used, noncontact type CMMs are growing its market share which are capable of measuring enormous number of points at once. Nevertheless, since no industrial standard concerning an accuracy test of noncontact CMMs exists, each manufacturer writes the accuracy of their product according to their own rules, and this situation gives confusion to customers. The working group ISO/TC 213/WG 10 is trying to make a new ISO standard which stipulates an accuracy test of noncontact CMMs. The concept and the situation of discussion of this new standard will be explained. In National Metrology Institute of Japan (NMIJ), we are collecting measurement data which serves as a technical background of the standards together with a consortium formed by users and manufactures. This activity will also be presented.

Takatsuji, Toshiyuki; Osawa, Sonko; Sato, Osamu

2008-08-01

31

Standards and Measurements for Assessing Bone Health—Workshop Report Co-Sponsored by the International Society for Clinical Densitometry (ISCD) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports and discusses the results of the recent ISCD–NIST Workshop on Standards and Measurements for Assessing Bone Health. The purpose of the workshop was to assess the status of efforts to standardize and compare results from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans, and then to identify and prioritize ongoing measurement and standards needs.

Herbert S. Bennett; Andrew Dienstfrey; Lawrence T. Hudson; Tammy Oreskovic; Thomas Fuerst; John Shepherd

2006-01-01

32

Standards and measurements for assessing bone health-workshop report co-sponsored by the International Society for Clinical Densitometry (ISCD) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).  

PubMed

This article reports and discusses the results of the recent ISCD-NIST Workshop on Standards and Measurements for Assessing Bone Health. The purpose of the workshop was to assess the status of efforts to standardize and compare results from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans, and then to identify and prioritize ongoing measurement and standards needs. PMID:17097524

Bennett, Herbert S; Dienstfrey, Andrew; Hudson, Lawrence T; Oreskovic, Tammy; Fuerst, Thomas; Shepherd, John

2006-01-01

33

National Standards for Quality Online Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mission of the North American Council for Online Learning (NACOL) is to increase educational opportunities and enhance learning by providing collegial expertise and leadership in K-12 online teaching and learning. "National Standards for Quality Online Teaching" is designed to provide states, districts, online programs, and other organizations…

North American Council for Online Learning, 2010

2010-01-01

34

National Standards of Quality for Online Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mission of the North American Council for Online Learning (NACOL) is to increase educational opportunities and enhance learning by providing collegial expertise and leadership in K-12 online teaching and learning. "National Standards for Online Course Quality" is designed to provide states, districts, online programs, and other organizations…

North American Council for Online Learning, 2007

2007-01-01

35

National Standards for Quality Online Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mission of the International Association for K-12 Online Learning, iNACOL, is to ensure all students have access to a world-class education and quality online learning opportunities that prepare them for a lifetime of success. This document, the International Association for K-12 Online Learning's (iNACOL) "National Standards for Quality…

Pape, Liz; Wicks, Matthew

2009-01-01

36

National Standards for High School Psychology Curricula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "National Standards for High School Psychology Curricula" attempts to represent current knowledge in the field of psychology in developmentally appropriate ways. Psychology is a popular high school course, one that can introduce students to scientific ideas and engage students in the learning process. However, it is difficult for even the best…

American Psychologist, 2013

2013-01-01

37

National Standards for Athletic Coaches. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest asserts that the question of coach preparation and training has become a priority issue for many schools and communities, though the research is limited. It examines reasons to have coach education; the scope of sport participation; the status of coach education and training in the United States; National standards for coach education;…

Brylinsky, Jody

38

The Movement for National Academic Standards: A Comparison of the Common Core State Standards Initiative in the USA and the National Curriculum in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the nature of activities in the change process undertaken by two initiatives to produce national standards in academic disciplines, national assessments and accountability measures. The Common Core State Standards Initiative, a project coordinated by the National Governors Association and the Council of…

Watt, Michael

2009-01-01

39

Special Feature: Quantum Measurement Standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

This special feature is intended to present a comprehensive review of the present state and novel trends in the field of quantum measurement standards. Most of the present metrological research is concentrated on establishing and strengthening the links between the units and fundamental constants. This will be demonstrated in the nine articles in this feature.The first four articles are devoted

Erich Braun

2003-01-01

40

Blood Cholesterol Measurement in Clinical Laboratories in the United States. Current Status. A Report from the Laboratory Standardization Panel of the National Cholesterol Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Precise and accurate cholesterol measurements are required to identify and treat individuals with high blood cholesterol levels. However, the current state of reliability of blood cholesterol measurements suggests that considerable inaccuracy in cholesterol testing exists. This report describes the Laboratory Standardization Panel findings on the…

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Inst. (DHHS/NIH), Bethesda, MD.

41

A Century of Excellence in Measurements, Standards, and Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book was produced as part of the celebration of the centenary of the United States national laboratory, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). NIST was set up by the US Congress on 3 March 1901. It was charged with custody of the standards of physical measurement in the United States, and to solve problems that arise in

2002-01-01

42

A primary standard for the measurement of alpha and beta particle surface emission rate at the National Metrology Institute of South Africa.  

PubMed

An absolute alpha and beta particle measurement system for the calibration of extended area sources has been established at the National Metrology Institute of South Africa (NMISA). Various characteristics of the measurement system were studied. Dead time and optimal values for high-voltage and low-energy discrimination were determined. The surface emission rates from four extended area sources (Am-241, Sr-90/Y-90, Cl-36 and C-14) that were previously certified by National Physical Laboratory (NPL) were measured. The results obtained with the NMISA measurement system and those from the NPL were in excellent agreement with E(n) values of below 0.25 being observed for all four sources. PMID:18358733

Mostert, J C

2008-01-01

43

Standards for discharge measurement with standardized nozzles and orifices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The following standards give the standardized forms for two throttling devices, standard nozzles and standard orifices, and enable them to be used in circular pipes without calibration. The definition of the standards are applicable in principle to the calibration and use of nonstandardized throttling devices, such as the venturi tube. The standards are valid, likewise, as a basis for discharge measurements in the German acceptance standards.

1940-01-01

44

Clean air act and National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS)  

E-print Network

Clean air act and National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) Ozone: Sources/Environmental Effects Particulates (PM): Sources/Environmental Effects #12;National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) The Clean Air Act requires EPA to set National Ambient Air Quality Standards for pollutants considered

Weber, Rodney

45

National Science Education Standards: An Enhanced Sampler. A Working Paper of the National Committee on Science Education Standards and Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Research Council is coordinating the development of national standards for science education in grades K through 12. By the fall of 1994, National Science Education Standards will be completed and published. The standards will contain narrative descriptions of what all students should be able to do to engage and understand the natural…

National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC.

46

Material Measurement The nation's reference laboratory for measurements  

E-print Network

of implanted medical devices. Environment and Climate: Our standards programs support environmental contaminant properties of materials We shape our programs based on national needs with input from industry and govern and rapid advances in science and technology. Programs Advanced Electronics: The Material Measurement

47

National Apprenticeship Standards for Plumbing and Steamfitting--Pipefitting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The booklet presents national apprenticeship standards for plumbing and steamfitting--pipefitting developed by the National Joint Plumbing Apprenticeship and Journeyman Training Committee and the National Joint Steamfitter-Pipefitter Apprenticeship Committee, together with the Department of Labor. The standards cover: a definition of a local joint…

Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training.

48

78 FR 53729 - National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board Membership  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board Membership AGENCY: National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce. ACTION:...

2013-08-30

49

77 FR 48129 - National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board Membership  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board Membership AGENCY: National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce. ACTION:...

2012-08-13

50

National photonics skills standards for technicians  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Photonics is defined as the generation, manipulation, transport, detection, and use of light information and energy whose quantum unit is the photon. The range of applications of phonics extends from energy generation to detection to communication and information processing. Photonics is at the heart of today's communication systems, from the laser that generates the digital information transported along a fiber- optic cable to the detector that decodes the information. Whether the transmitted information is a phone call from across the street or across the globe, photonics brings it to you. Where your health is concerned, photonics allows physicians to do minimally invasive surgery using fiber-optic endoscopes and lasers. Researches using spectroscopy and microscopy are pushing the frontiers of biotechnology in activities as widespread as diagnosing disease and probing the mysteries of the genetic code. Advanced sensing and imaging techniques monitor the environment, gathering data on crops and forests, analyzing the ocean's currents and contents, and probing the atmosphere of pollutants. Transportation needs are being impacted by photonic sensors and laser rangefinders that will soon monitor and control the traffic on our nation's highways. In our factories, photonics provides machine vision systems that give a level of quality control human inspectors could never achieve. In manufacturing, lasers are replacing a variety of cutting, welding, and marking techniques, while imaging systems teamed with neural networks are producing intelligent robots. In short, photonics is paving our way into the new millennium. The skill standard is intended to define the knowledge and capabilities - the skills - that workers in the phonics industry need. Phonics will be one of the primary battlefields of the world economic conflict, and it is imperative that U.S. photonics technicians be skilled enough to allow the United States to remain competitive in a global marketplace. The focus of this standard is on the skills necessary for employment as a phonics technician and is not intended to be an analysis of those skills that are important for workers in all occupational areas. A comprehensive treatment of the skills necessary for all workers has been the subject of a number of studies, most notably, the work of the Secretary's Commission on the Achievement of Necessary Skills (SCANS). It is our hope at CORD that the work presented in the standard lends more detail and rational for the accomplishment of the broader skills that should be obtained by all students.

Hull, Darrell M.

1995-10-01

51

76 FR 22342 - National Standard 10 Guidelines  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...gov. Fax: 301-713-1193, Attn: Debra Lambert. Mail: Debra Lambert; National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA; 1315...only. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Debra Lambert, National Marine Fisheries Service,...

2011-04-21

52

The Need for National Credentialing Standards for Addiction Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors review the current state of credentialing for addiction counselors in the United States and provide recommendations to the addiction counseling field regarding national standards for credentialing.

Miller, Geri; Scarborough, Jim; Clark, Catherine; Leonard, Justin C.; Keziah, Tyler B.

2010-01-01

53

ASHRAE Standard 62: tobacco industry's influence over national ventilation standards  

PubMed Central

Objective: To describe the role of the tobacco industry in the development of ventilation standards for indoor air quality by influencing the American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE). Methods: Review of tobacco industry documents available on the internet between January 2001 and March 2002. Search terms included "ASHRAE", "ventilation", "minutes", "memo", and the names of key players and organisations as identified in the initial searches. Analysis of ASHRAE and other relevant documents publicly available and the personal files of a Standard 62 committee member; interviews of a selected number of ASHRAE players; observation of an ASHRAE meeting. Results: The tobacco industry has been involved in the development of ventilation standards for over 20 years. It has successfully influenced the standard and continues to attempt to change the standard from a smoke-free framework into an "accommodation" framework. The industry acts directly and through consultants and allies. The major health groups have been largely absent and the health interests have been poorly represented in standard development. While concentrated in the USA, ASHRAE standards are adopted worldwide. Conclusion: The tobacco industry determined that allowing smoking in ventilation standards for indoor air quality was a high priority and dedicated significant human and financial resources to ensure that its interests were represented. The health groups, until recently, have largely ignored the policy implications for tobacco control of standard development. This situation is changing, but unless health groups maintain high visibility within ASHRAE, the tobacco industry may succeed in creating a standard that ignores the dangers of secondhand smoke. PMID:12432157

Bialous, S; Glantz, S

2002-01-01

54

The national education standards Quilts: a display method aiding teachers link NASA educational materials to national education standards  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A matrix format developed at JPL places the national education standards in a format that can be navigated intuitively by teachers seeking to integrate NASA materials into the structure of standards based education.

Knudsen, R.; Hammon, V. A.

2002-01-01

55

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY 1 Risk Management Framework  

E-print Network

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY 1 Risk Management Framework Computer Security on a continuous basis #12;NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY 3 Risk Management Framework Security Life-viral software Smart cards Links in the Security Chain: Management, Operational, and Technical Controls #12

56

Profiles of the National Industry Skills Standards Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to develop a more uniform and comprehensive system of national skill standards, the U.S. Departments of Education and Labor have awarded grants to 22 technical committees, composed of representatives from business, labor, and education, in a variety of industries and occupations. These projects will begin proposing national standards

Rahn, Mikala L., Comp.

57

Variation in Organic Standards Prior to the National Organic Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interest in establishing nationally uniform certification, labeling, and management standards for organic products grew out of concern that the existence of multiple standards led to consumer and supply chain confusion about, and lack of confidence in, these products. The National Organic Program Final Rule, issued in December 2000, is the result of this interest. We analyze the certification system that

T. Robert Fetter; Julie A. Caswell

2002-01-01

58

National Residential Efficiency Measures Database  

DOE Data Explorer

The National Residential Efficiency Measures Database is a publicly available, centralized resource of residential building retrofit measures and costs for the U.S. building industry. With support from the U.S. Department of Energy, NREL developed this tool to help users determine the most cost-effective retrofit measures for improving energy efficiency of existing homes. Software developers who require residential retrofit performance and cost data for applications that evaluate residential efficiency measures are the primary audience for this database. In addition, home performance contractors and manufacturers of residential materials and equipment may find this information useful. The database offers the following types of retrofit measures: 1) Appliances, 2) Domestic Hot Water, 3) Enclosure, 4) Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning (HVAC), 5) Lighting, 6) Miscellaneous.

59

National Standards Gain Steam: Governors' Embrace Rooted in Competitiveness Concerns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports that the National standards--once the untouchable "third rail" of American education policy--now have the backing of the nation's governors, a growing number of education leaders, and the U.S. secretary of education. The National Governors Association last week adopted a policy statement endorsing a process to develop common…

Hoff, David J.

2009-01-01

60

Debunking the Case for National Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Throughout the 1990s, one state after another adopted prescriptive education standards enforced by frequent standardized testing, often of the high-stakes variety. A top-down, get-tough movement to impose "accountability" began to squeeze the life out of classrooms. Recently, politicians, corporate CEOs, and testing companies are trying to sell…

Kohn, Alfie

2010-01-01

61

National Apprenticeship Standards for Automotive Machinist.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These 24 standards have been adopted by the Automotive Service Industry Association to provide well-planned, properly supervised training for apprentices to develop into competent machinists. The goal of the standards is to establish and maintain high criteria of workmanship, to develop knowledge by workers of technical and theoretical aspects of…

Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training.

62

Measurements and Standards for Thermoelectric Materials  

E-print Network

Measurements and Standards for Thermoelectric Materials CERAMICS Our goal is to develop standard, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity) for thin film and bulk thermoelectric materials to enable the commercialization of these materials. Objective Impact and Customers · Thermoelectric SRMs and measurement methods

63

Trace Evidence Measurement Science & Standards  

E-print Network

are we here? · Why NIST is working in this field? ­ What NIST can do for the forensic science community · NIST and trace evidence #12;Why we are here? NRC Study Strengthening Forensic Science in the United: Measurement Science and Uncertainty Analysis ­ Problems Relating to the Broad Range of Forensic Science

Perkins, Richard A.

64

The Process of Developing National Standards That Meet ANSI Guidelines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American national standards for the evaluation of educational programs were developed by the Joint Committee on Standards for Educational Evaluation in 1994. This paper describes the Joint Committee's standard setting process. The Joint Committee is a coalition of professional organizations concerned with the quality of evaluations in education.…

Sanders, James R.

65

Refreshing the "Voluntary National Content Standards in Economics"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The second edition of the "Voluntary National Content Standards in Economics" was published by the Council for Economic Education in 2010. The authors examine the process for revising these precollege content standards and highlight several changes that appear in the new document. They also review the impact the standards have had on precollege…

MacDonald, Richard A.; Siegfried, John J.

2012-01-01

66

National Standards for Family and Consumer Sciences Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document presents a new set of standards for family and consumer sciences (FACS) education. Section 1 is a three-chapter overview. Chapter 1 addresses the rationale for change and the FACS vision and mission. Chapter 2 describes the approach to develop the national standards, FACS format, and components of the standards. Chapter 3 provides…

National Association of State Administrators for Family and Consumer Sciences.

67

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants submittal -- 1997  

SciTech Connect

Each potential source of Nevada Test Site (NTS) emissions was characterized by one of the following methods: (1) monitoring methods and procedures previously developed at the NTS; (2) a yearly radionuclide inventory of the source, assuming that volatile radionuclide are released to the environment; (3) the measurement of tritiated water (as HTO or T{sub 2}O) concentration in liquid effluents discharged to containment ponds and assuming all the effluent evaporates over the course of the year to become an air emission; or (4) using a combination of environmental measurements and CAP88-PC to calculate emissions. The emissions for National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) reporting are listed. They are very conservative and are used in Section 3 to calculate the EDE to the maximally exposed individual offsite. Offsite environmental surveillance data, where available, are used to confirm that calculated emissions are, indeed, conservative.

Townsend, Y.E. [ed.; Black, S.C.

1998-06-01

68

Status of Photovoltaic Calibration and Measurement Standards  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The 7th International Workshop on Space Solar Cell Calibration and Measurement was held on September 25-27, 2000 in Girdwood, Alaska. Representatives from eight countries discussed international standards for single and multijunction solar cell measurement and calibration methods, round robin intercomparisons, and irradiation test methods for space solar cells. Progress toward adoption of an ISO standard on single junction cells was made. Agreement was reached to begin work on new standards for multijunction cells and irradiation testing. Progress on present single junction round robin measurements was discussed and future multijunction round robins were planned. The next workshop will be held in Germany in October 2001.

Baraona, Cosmo; Bailey, Sheila; Curtis, Henry; Brinker, David; Jenkins, Phillip; Scheiman, David

2001-01-01

69

40 CFR 52.1024 - Attainment dates for national standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Maine § 52.1024 Attainment dates for national standards. The following table presents the latest dates by which the...

2010-07-01

70

40 CFR 52.1024 - Attainment dates for national standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Maine § 52.1024 Attainment dates for national standards. The following table presents the latest dates by which the...

2011-07-01

71

40 CFR 52.1024 - Attainment dates for national standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Maine § 52.1024 Attainment dates for national standards. The following table presents the latest dates by which the...

2014-07-01

72

40 CFR 52.1024 - Attainment dates for national standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Maine § 52.1024 Attainment dates for national standards. The following table presents the latest dates by which the...

2013-07-01

73

40 CFR 52.1024 - Attainment dates for national standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Maine § 52.1024 Attainment dates for national standards. The following table presents the latest dates by which the...

2012-07-01

74

The Value of the National Performance Standards to  

E-print Network

Health Impact Assessment Cause/Effect Exposure/Disease Outcomes Population Based EH Requires Performance Standards Geographic Information Systems Assessment, Monitoring Smart Growth Health Impact impacts on multiple health outcomes Cost effective EH Renaissance 10 Essential Services National EH

75

40 CFR 52.2331 - Attainment dates for national standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Utah § 52.2331 Attainment dates for national standards. The attainment date for the secondary NAAQS for sulfur...

2010-07-01

76

40 CFR 52.2331 - Attainment dates for national standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Utah § 52.2331 Attainment dates for national standards. The attainment date for the secondary NAAQS for sulfur...

2012-07-01

77

40 CFR 52.2331 - Attainment dates for national standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Utah § 52.2331 Attainment dates for national standards. The attainment date for the secondary NAAQS for sulfur...

2011-07-01

78

National Institute of Standards and Technology  

E-print Network

and Anhydrous Ammonia Liquid-Measuring Devices 3-27 3.33. Hydrocarbon Gas Vapor-Measuring Devices 3-35 3-pound units where both units appear together and placing separate sections containing requirements in SI units spaces to separate large numbers into groups of three digits. This avoids conflict with the practice

79

Adoption of Health Center Performance Measures and National Benchmarks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the adaptability of standardized performance measurement tools in 3 community-based health centers. Although health centers have considerable experience in the area of performance reporting, they do not currently participate in a national reporting system that is transparent and standardized. The analysis of the data collected from health centers indicates that not only can these safety net providers

Peter Shin; Anne Markus; Sara Rosenbaum; Jessica Sharac

80

American National Standard ANSI/ANS-8.6: Safety in conducting subcritical neutron-multiplication measurements {open_quote}In Situ{close_quote}  

SciTech Connect

Safe and economical operations with fissile materials require knowledge of the subcriticality of configurations that arise in material processing, storage, and transportation. Data from critical experiments have been a principal source of information with which to establish safety margins. However, the lower cost and the expediency of performing confirmatory subcritical measurements on the process floor or in the storage vault resulted in much of the early criticality safety guidance being based on subcritical in situ experiments.

McLaughlin, T.P.

1996-10-01

81

Emergency Medical Dispatch. National Standard Curriculum. Instructor Guide. Trainee Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide contains all instructor materials and requirements for the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Emergency Medical Dispatch (EMD) National Standard Curriculum. It includes lesson plans, instructional aids, and tools and supporting information designed to elevate trained and experienced public safety telecommunicators…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

82

Department of Commerce National Institute of Standards and Technology  

E-print Network

to improve its programmatic planning process. NIST: Providing Tools Vital to U.S. Innovation's National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in promoting national competitiveness and innovation Years 2010-2012. This document is a product of a still- evolving strategic program planning process

83

Recommendations for a commercial vehicle to roadway communications national standard  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the final report by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). Based on the authors studies of the Electronic Toll and Traffic Management (ETTM) industry, they make recommendations for a possible future national standard for short range Vehicle-to-Roadway Communications (VRC) for Commercial Vehicle Operations (CVO). Of primary interest to the Federal Highway Administration are Mainline Automated Clearance Systems (MACS).

1995-01-01

84

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Major Sources: Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boilers; Guidance for Calculating Efficiency Credits Resulting from Implementation of Energy Conservation Measures  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to provide guidance for developing a consistent approach to documenting efficiency credits generated from energy conservation measures in the Implementation Plan for boilers covered by the Boiler MACT rule (i.e., subpart DDDDD of CFR part 63). This document divides Boiler System conservation opportunities into four functional areas: 1) the boiler itself, 2) the condensate recovery system, 3) the distribution system, and 4) the end uses of the steam. This document provides technical information for documenting emissions credits proposed in the Implementation Plan for functional areas 2) though 4). This document does not include efficiency improvements related to the Boiler tune-ups.

Cox, Daryl [ORNL; Papar, Riyaz [Hudson Technologies; Wright, Dr. Anthony [ALW Consulting

2013-02-01

85

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Major Sources: Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boilers; Guidance for Calculating Emission Credits Resulting from Implementation of Energy Conservation Measures  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to provide guidance for developing a consistent approach to documenting efficiency credits generated from energy conservation measures in the Implementation Plan for boilers covered by the Boiler MACT rule (i.e., subpart DDDDD of CFR part 63). This document divides Boiler System conservation opportunities into four functional areas: 1) the boiler itself, 2) the condensate recovery system, 3) the distribution system, and 4) the end uses of the steam. This document provides technical information for documenting emissions credits proposed in the Implementation Plan for functional areas 2) though 4). This document does not include efficiency improvements related to the Boiler tune-ups.

Cox, Daryl [ORNL; Papar, Riyaz [Hudson Technologies; Wright, Dr. Anthony [ALW Consulting

2012-07-01

86

When We Review the National Visual Arts Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Art Education Association (NAEA) has clearly defined the role of art with six content and achievement standards that are broad in coverage and designed specifically to ensure a thorough and comprehensive art program for K-4, 5-8 and 9-12. To meet the standards, students learn vocabularies and concepts associated with various types of…

Herberholz, Barbara

2010-01-01

87

National Apprenticeship and Training Standards for Dental Technicians. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These national standards contain information for establishing and operating effective apprenticeship programs for dental technicians. Included in the volume are the following: definitions; provisions of the standards (equal opportunity in apprenticeship; terms of apprenticeship; apprenticeship agreements; ratios of apprentices to dental…

Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training.

88

The Revised National Board Library Media Standards and You  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS) offers a voluntary certification program as a means to recognize accomplished teaching in sixteen subject areas, including Library Media. The original standards for Library Media K-12 were published in 2000. In 2009, NBPTS selected a committee of library professionals from across the…

Garry, Candi Pierce

2010-01-01

89

New National Science Standards and Astronomy: An Update on the National Scene  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the summer of 2009, the National Academy of Science (NAS) began the process of collecting input on the development of the next-generation of national science education standards and frameworks for K-12 schools. We were asked to provide input related to the science disciplines' perspectives on core ideas around which the standards would be designed. This paper is an abbreviated

S. J. Slater; T. F. Slater

2011-01-01

90

STANDARD MEASUREMENT PROTOCOLS - FLORIDA RADON RESEARCH PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

The manual, in support of the Florida Radon Research Program, contains standard protocols for key measurements where data quality is vital to the program. t contains two sections. he first section, soil measurements, contains field sampling protocols for soil gas permeability and...

91

Unambiguous evaluation of a chirp measurement standard  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article describes an automated evaluation method for the chirp standard. Chirp calibration standards provide a way to describe the transfer behavior of different spatial frequencies as they contain sinusoidal functions of varying wavelengths (Krüger-Sehm et al 2007 chirp calibration standards for surface measuring instruments Tech. Mess. tm 74 572–76 Pehnelt et al 2011 Comparative analysis of optical surface measuring systems with a chip calibration standard Tech. Mess. tm 78 457–62). By introducing a new, automated evaluation method, an improvement for the application of the chirp standard can be achieved. The data-preprocessing for topography and profile measurement data and the fit of the geometric elements are described. Automated evaluation can reduce the labor required to evaluate measured data and make it easier to compare different evaluations in the course of standardization. The algorithm can be used to characterize the so-called ‘small scale fidelity’ of an optical instrument. The term ‘small scale fidelity’ is currently discussed in the optical group of working group no. 16 of the ISO technical committee 213.

Seewig, Jörg; Eifler, Matthias; Wiora, Georg

2014-10-01

92

IEC measurement standards for ultrasonic hydrophones and radiation force balances  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Acoustic output measurements of medical ultrasonic equipment are usually performed in water and using two widely established methods: ultrasonic power measurement with a radiation force balance and acoustic pressure measurement with an ultrasonic hydrophone. The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) has published a number of International Standards on both methods, prepared by its Technical Committee 87 ''Ultrasonics.'' These are discussed and future standardization trends are presented. The basic standard for ultrasonic power measurements is IEC 61161. It recommends using a radiation force balance and specifies the relevant technical properties and sources of uncertainty. It is currently envisaged to revise this standard and to include particular recommendations for the power range up to 20 W which have recently been worked out in an international cooperation of national metrology institutes. Hydrophone standards have continuously been developed over many years. The most recent one is IEC 62092 which extends the upper frequency limit of hydrophone standarization from 15 MHz to 40 MHz. The current trend is to reorganize all existing hydrophone standards and to find a new scheme of three parallel standards dealing with hydrophone properties, hydrophone use, and hydrophone calibration.

Beissner, K.

2002-11-01

93

76 FR 78889 - Alternative Personnel Management System (APMS) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology [Docket Number: 111208744-1741-01...the National Institute of Standards and Technology AGENCY: National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce. ACTION:...

2011-12-20

94

76 FR 55880 - National Institute of Standards and Technology; Performance Review Board Membership  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Institute of Standards and Technology; Performance Review Board Membership The National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board (NIST PRB) reviews...

2011-09-09

95

77 FR 8197 - Implementation of the 2008 National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone: Nonattainment Area...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...2008 National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone: Nonattainment Area...nonattainment areas for the 2008 ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS...0.075 PPM 8-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard. January...

2012-02-14

96

75 FR 55301 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; National Institute of Standards and Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...National Institute of Standards and Technology Proposed Information Collection; Comment...National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Manufacturing Extension Partnership...National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). ACTION:...

2010-09-10

97

77 FR 51518 - Alternative Personnel Management System (APMS) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology [Docket Number 120706223-2223-01...the National Institute of Standards and Technology AGENCY: National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce. ACTION:...

2012-08-24

98

77 FR 36485 - Alternative Personnel Management System (APMS) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology [Docket Number 120531129-2129-01...the National Institute of Standards and Technology AGENCY: National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce. ACTION:...

2012-06-19

99

77 FR 48128 - Alternative Personnel Management System (APMS) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology [Docket Number: 120706222-2222-01...the National Institute of Standards and Technology AGENCY: National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce. ACTION:...

2012-08-13

100

15 CFR 287.3 - Responsibilities of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. 287.3 Section 287.3 Commerce... NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ACCREDITATION...the National Institute of Standards and Technology. (a) Work with...

2010-01-01

101

75 FR 27708 - National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board Membership  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board Membership The National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board (NIST PRB) reviews...

2010-05-18

102

75 FR 55303 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; National Institute of Standards and Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...National Institute of Standards and Technology Proposed Information Collection; Comment...National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Manufacturing Extension Partnership...National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). ACTION:...

2010-09-10

103

75 FR 9392 - National Institute of Standards and Technology Construction Grant Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...National Institute of Standards and Technology RIN 0693-ZA95 [Docket No...National Institute of Standards and Technology Construction Grant Program AGENCY...National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Department of...

2010-03-02

104

76 FR 539 - Alternative Personnel Management System (APMS) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...COMMERCE National Institute of Standards and Technology [Docket Number: 101129594-0594-02...the National Institute of Standards and Technology AGENCY: National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce. ACTION:...

2011-01-05

105

A Study of the Alignment of National Standards, State Standards, and Science Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational reform efforts are currently at the top of the nation's agenda. Policymakers are hearing increasing calls from members of the public to improve standardized test scores. These reform calls are a response to the perceived inadequacy of science teaching in our nation. Data were collected from participating states regarding the status of…

Burry-Stock, Judith A.; Casebeer, Cindy M.

106

Integrate Your Program: Aligning the ASCA National Standards with the Georgia Performance Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professional school counselors must clearly establish and articulate the purpose and goals of their school counseling program and its relationship to student achievement in order to become integral participants in the school reform movement. By aligning Georgia's Performance Standards and the ASCA National Standards, counselors can realize…

Schulz, Lisa L.

2010-01-01

107

URBAN AEROSOL ACIDS: ANALYSIS OF NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY STANDARD REFERENCE MATERIAL 1649  

EPA Science Inventory

Urban air particulate matter, collected from Washington, D.C. and certified by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) as Standard Reference Material 1649, was extracted and fractionated into acid, base and neutral fractions. ach fraction was tested for biologic...

108

Developing standards for a national spatial data infrastructure  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The concept of a framework for data and information linkages among producers and users, known as a National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI), is built upon four corners: data, technology, institutions, and standards. Standards are paramount to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of the NSDI. Historically, data standards and specifications have been developed with a very limited scope - they were parochial, and even competitive in nature, and promoted the sharing of data and information within only a small community at the expense of more open sharing across many communities. Today, an approach is needed to grow and evolve standards to support open systems and provide consistency and uniformity among data producers. There are several significant ongoing activities in geospatial data standards: transfer or exchange, metadata, and data content. In addition, standards in other areas are under discussion, including data quality, data models, and data collection.

Wortman, Kathryn C.

1994-01-01

109

A New Standard for Measuring Doctoral Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses a new standard for measuring graduate programs in the United States. The Faculty Scholarly Productivity Index, produced by Academic Analytics, a for-profit company, rates faculty members' scholarly output at nearly 7,300 doctoral programs around the country. It examines the number of book and journal articles published by…

Fogg, Piper

2007-01-01

110

As part of its continuing cloud computing series, the National Institute of Standards and Technology is hosting a new forum on Cloud and Mobility. Join experts in the fields of cloud, mobility, and measurement for thought-provoking  

E-print Network

As part of its continuing cloud computing series, the National Institute of Standards around the globe. More than an incremental change, mobile cloud computing is expected to radically alter resources. Cloud Mobility ~ Low-end mobile devices access diverse and scalable cloud computing resources

111

75 FR 32472 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Standards Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Standards...the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology AGENCY: Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS....

2010-06-08

112

7 CFR 300.5 - International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Standards for Phytosanitary Measures. 300.5 Section 300...Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT...Standards for Phytosanitary Measures. (a) The International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures Publication No....

2010-01-01

113

Measurement Framework for National Key Performance Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1999, Ministers responsible for school education agreed to the new set of "National Goals for Schooling in the Twenty-First Century," with the aim of providing high quality schooling in Australia which would secure for students the necessary knowledge, understanding, skills and values for a productive and rewarding life. As a consequence, the…

Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (NJ1), 2007

2007-01-01

114

Measurement Framework for National Key Performance Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1999 Ministers responsible for school education agreed to the new set of "National Goals for Schooling in the Twenty-First Century," with the aim of providing high quality schooling in Australia which would secure for students the necessary knowledge, understanding, skills and values for a productive and rewarding life. As a consequence, the…

Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (NJ1), 2005

2005-01-01

115

Measurement Framework for National Key Performance Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1999 Ministers responsible for school education agreed to the new set of "National Goals for Schooling in the Twenty-First Century," with the aim of providing high quality schooling in Australia which would secure for students the necessary knowledge, understanding, skills and values for a productive and rewarding life. As a consequence, the…

Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (NJ1), 2006

2006-01-01

116

Measurement Framework for National Key Performance Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1999, Ministers responsible for school education agreed to the new set of "National Goals for Schooling in the Twenty-First Century," with the aim of providing high quality schooling in Australia which would secure for students the necessary knowledge, understanding, skills and values for a productive and rewarding life. As a consequence, the…

Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (NJ1), 2008

2008-01-01

117

Plant Content in the National Science Education Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Science Education Standards (NSES) provides few resources for teaching about plants. To assure students understand and appreciate plants, the author advocates teaching about plants as a basic biological concept, avoiding animal chauvinism in biology coursework, correcting pseudoscience and anthropomorphisms about plants, and making…

Hershey, David R.

2005-01-01

118

The Online Translator: Implementing National Standard 4.1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A pedagogical idea for addressing National Standard 4.1 (Students demonstrate understanding of the nature of language through comparisons of language studied and their own) suggests the deliberate use of the online translator to illustrate to students the syntactical errors that occur when translating idioms from one language to another. (VWL)

Burton, Christine

2003-01-01

119

Examination of curricula, teaching practices, and assessment through National Standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined to what degree the existing curricula, teaching practices, and assessments in 15 elementary physical education programs were aligned with the National Standards for Physical Education (NASPE, 1995) in the USA. Fifteen elementary physical education teachers voluntarily participated in this study. Data were gathered through observing 48 lessons while taking field notes, conducting 15 formal interviews with the

Weiyun Chen

2005-01-01

120

National Apprenticeship and Training Standards for Carpentry. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to guide local organizations of contractors and journeymen in establishing and improving local apprenticeship systems, this booklet contains the latest revision of the National Joint Carpentry Apprenticeship and Training Committee standards pertaining to the basic requirements for effective apprenticeship. In a section on adapting…

Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training.

121

Plant Content in the National Science Education Standards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The educational resource emphasizes that the National Science Education Standards (NSES) provide few resources for teaching about plants. In order to assure that students understand and appreciate plants: don't neglect plants in teaching basic biological concepts, avoid animal chauvinism in biology coursework, correct pseudoscience and anthropomorphisms about plants, and make plant studies fascinating and relevant.

David R. Hershey (; )

2005-02-01

122

National Standards for Quality Online Courses: Version 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mission of the International Association for K-12 Online Learning (iNACOL) is to ensure all students have access to world-class education and quality online learning opportunities that prepare them for a lifetime of success. "National Standards for Quality Online Courses" is designed to provide states, districts, online programs, and other…

International Association for K-12 Online Learning, 2011

2011-01-01

123

Vitamin D status as an international issue: national surveys and the problem of standardization.  

PubMed

Wide spread variation in measurement results of total 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) confounds international efforts to develop evidence-based clinical guidelines. Accordingly, NIH Office of Dietary Supplements (ODS) in collaboration with CDC National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH), National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and Ghent University established the Vitamin D Standardization Program (VDSP) in November 2010. VDSP objectives include: (1) standardize 25(OH)D concentration measurements in national health surveys around the world, (2) evaluate survey differences, (3) extend standardization efforts to assay manufacturers, and to clinical, commercial, and research laboratories, (4) promote standardization of emerging metabolites of vitamin D status, and (5) enable the use of standardized data in patient care and public health. An interlaboratory comparison study is being conducted to assess measurement variability among current assays. Participants include national health surveys from Australia, Canada, Germany, Ireland, Mexico, South Korea, UK and USA, 15 assay manufacturers, and two external quality assurance programs. CDC will implement a formal laboratory certification program. Standardization activities will use single-donor, fresh-frozen serum collected using the CLSI C37 protocol. Initial assay performance criteria, based on biological variability data, are ? 10 % imprecision and ? 5 % bias in relation to the reference values. An ancillary study on commutability of NIST SRM 972a, external quality assurance testing materials is included. To increase the comparability of existing data from different national surveys, master equations will be developed to facilitate the conversion of already existing national survey data to the NIST-Ghent University reference measurement procedures. PMID:22536760

Sempos, Christopher T; Vesper, Hubert W; Phinney, Karen W; Thienpont, Linda M; Coates, Paul M

2012-01-01

124

Imaging as a Biomarker: Standards for Change Measurements in Therapy, September 14-15, 2006, NIST/NC  

Cancer.gov

Imaging as a Biomarker: Standards for Change Measurements in Therapy A U.S. Measurement System Workshop September 14-15, 2006 National Institute of Standards and Technology Technical Co-Chairs: Ram D. Sriram (NIST) and Laurence Clarke (NCI)

125

The development of national standards for adult educators in Namibia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since gaining independence from South Africa in 1990, Namibia has placed considerable emphasis on education, including adult learning. As a means of improving the quality of adult learning, the Namibian Ministry of Education commissioned the development of national standards in 2010 to express competency requirements for adult educators. Particular attention was paid to the views of adult learners who participated through thirty focus groups. The participatory process revealed that the work of an adult educator is more complex and demanding than had previously been appreciated. The required competencies were categorised under four headings: (1) Knowledge as an adult educator, (2) Practice as an adult educator, (3) Relationships as an adult educator and (4) Ethics and professionalism as an adult educator. The Namibia Qualifications Authority, acting under its legislative mandate of setting occupational standards for occupations, jobs, posts and positions, approved the national standards in 2011.

Ellis, Justin; Richardson, Brent H.

2012-06-01

126

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Submittal - 1995  

SciTech Connect

This report contains National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). It provides lists of figures and tables related to the NTS and includes a Site Description. The Source Description includes current and previous activities conducted on the NTS. The Site has been the primary location for testing of nuclear explosives in the Continental U.S. since 1951. Historical testing has included (1) atmospheric testing in the 1950`s and early 1960s, (2) earth-cratering experiments, and (3) open-air nuclear reactor and rocket engine testing. At the North Las Vegas Facility, operated for DOE/NV by EG&G Energy Measurements, there was an Unusual Occurrence that led to an insignificant potential exposure to an offsite person. The incident involved the release of tritiated water (HTO), and a description of the incident and the method of calculating the effective dose equivalent for offsite exposure are described. The Source Description further describes Ground Seepage of Noble Gases, Radioactive Waste Management Sites, and Plutonium Contaminated Surface Areas.

Black, S.C.; Townsend, Y.E. [ed.

1996-06-01

127

40 CFR Appendix T to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Sulfur (Sulfur...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Sulfur (Sulfur Dioxide) T Appendix...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Sulfur (Sulfur Dioxide) 1. General...national ambient air quality standards for Oxides of Sulfur as measured by Sulfur...

2012-07-01

128

Radiation-based quantitative bioimaging at the national institute of standards and technology  

PubMed Central

Building on a long history of providing physical measurements and standards for medical X rays and nuclear medicine radionuclides, the laboratory has expanded its focus to better support the extensive use of medical physics in the United States today, providing confidence in key results needed for drug and device development and marketing, therapy planning and efficacy and disease screening. In particular, to support more quantitative medical imaging, this laboratory has implemented a program to provide key measurement infrastructure to support radiation-based imaging through developing standard, benchmark phantoms, which contain radioactive sources calibrated to national measurement standards, to allow more quantitative imaging through traceable instrument calibration for clinical trials or patient management. Working closely with colleagues at the National Institutes of Health, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, the Food and Drug Administration and Cornell University, this laboratory has taken the initial steps in developing phantoms, and the protocols to use them, for more accurate calibration of positron emission tomography (PET) or single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) cameras, including recently standardizing 68Ge. X-ray measurements of the laboratory's recently developed small, resilient and inexpensive length standard phantom have shown the potential usefulness of such a “pocket” phantom for patient-based calibration of computed tomography (alone or with PET) systems. The ability to calibrate diagnostic imaging tools in a way that is traceable to national standards will lead to a more quantitative approach; both physician and patient benefit from increased accuracy in treatment planning, as well as increased safety for the patient. PMID:20098556

Karam, Lisa R.

2009-01-01

129

National Institute of Standards and Technology Virtual Museum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While the idea of a National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Virtual Museum may make some cast a drowsy eye, they would be quite pleased to learn that the Museum's website contains a host of engaging online exhibits that examine such topics as the standardization of women's clothing, the saccharimeter, and the letter sorting machine. The standardization of women's clothing exhibit is well-worth a look, as it uses text and historic images to look at how the NIST and the Mail Order Association of America began a study to create a sizing standard for women's ready-to-wear clothing. Another equally fascinating exhibit offered on the site looks at the role the NSIT played in creating a reliable system of frequency signals to aid the radio broadcasting industry.

130

EP&R Standards Project Report: Technical Review of National Incident Management Standards  

SciTech Connect

The importance and necessity for a fully developed and implemented National Incident Management System (NIMS) has been demonstrated in recent years by the impact of national events such as Hurricane Katrina in 2005. Throughout the history of emergency response to major disasters, especially when multiple response organizations are involved, there have been systemic problems in the consistency and uniformity of response operations. Identifying national standards that support the development and implementation of NIMS is key to helping solve these systemic problems. The NIMS seeks to provide uniformity and consistency for incident management by using common terminology and protocols that will enable responders to coordinate their efforts to ensure an efficient response.

Stenner, Robert D.

2007-04-24

131

40 CFR 50.5 - National secondary ambient air quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...National secondary ambient air quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide...PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS § 50.5 National secondary ambient air quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur...

2010-07-01

132

40 CFR 50.5 - National secondary ambient air quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...National secondary ambient air quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide...PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS § 50.5 National secondary ambient air quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur...

2011-07-01

133

40 CFR 50.17 - National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide...PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS § 50.17 National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur...

2011-07-01

134

National Certification Standard for Ground Source Heat Pump Personnel  

SciTech Connect

The National Certification Standard for the Geothermal Heat Pump Industry adds to the understanding of the barriers to rapid growth of the geothermal heat pump (GHP) industry by bringing together for the first time an analysis of the roles and responsibilities of each of the individual job tasks involved in the design and installation of GHP systems. The standard addresses applicable qualifications for all primary personnel involved in the design, installation, commissioning, operation and maintenance of GHP systems, including their knowledge, skills and abilities. The resulting standard serves as a foundation for subsequent development of curriculum, training and certification programs, which are not included in the scope of this project, but are briefly addressed in the standard to describe ways in which the standard developed in this project may form a foundation to support further progress in accomplishing those other efforts. Follow-on efforts may use the standard developed in this project to improve the technical effectiveness and economic feasibility of curriculum development and training programs for GHP industry personnel, by providing a more complete and objective assessment of the individual job tasks necessary for successful implementation of GHP systems. When incorporated into future certification programs for GHP personnel, the standard will facilitate increased consumer confidence in GHP technology, reduce the potential for improperly installed GHP systems, and assure GHP system quality and performance, all of which benefit the public through improved energy efficiency and mitigated environmental impacts of the heating and cooling of homes and businesses.

Kelly, John [Geothermal Heat Pump Consortium] [Geothermal Heat Pump Consortium

2013-07-31

135

Power measurement standards for high-power lasers: comparison between the NIST and the PTB  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report the results of the ® rst laser high-power measurement comparison between the Physikalisch- Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB, Germany), and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST, USA). Laser power transfer standards were calibrated at both national standards laboratories between 82 W and 127 W at 1.06 m m and between 85 W and 554 W at 10.6 m

X. Li; T. R. Scott; C. L. Cromer; D. Keenan; F. Brandt; K. Möstl

2000-01-01

136

Correcting horsepower measurements to a standard temperature  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report discusses the relation between the temperature of the air at the entrance to the carburetor and the power developed by the engine. Its scope is limited to a consideration of the range of temperatures likely to result from changes of season, locality, or altitude, since its primary aim is the finding of a satisfactory basis for correcting power measurements to a standard temperature. The tests upon which this report is based were made upon aviation engines in the Altitude Laboratory of the Bureau of Standards. From the results of over 1,600 tests it is concluded that if calculations be based on the assumption that the indicated horsepower of an engine varies inversely as the square root of the absolute temperature of the carburetor air the values obtained will check closely experimental measurements. The extent to which this relationship would be expected from theoretical considerations is discussed and some suggestions are given relative to the use of this relationship in correcting horsepower measurements. (author)

Sparrow, Stanwood W

1925-01-01

137

50 CFR 600.355 - National Standard 10-Safety of Life at Sea.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...fishing that would not otherwise exist. These constraints may...conditions. This national standard does not replace the judgment...gear. Where these conditions exist, FMPs should attempt to mitigate...management measures that reduce the race for fish and the resulting...

2012-10-01

138

50 CFR 600.355 - National Standard 10-Safety of Life at Sea.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...fishing that would not otherwise exist. These constraints may...conditions. This national standard does not replace the judgment...gear. Where these conditions exist, FMPs should attempt to mitigate...management measures that reduce the race for fish and the resulting...

2011-10-01

139

50 CFR 600.355 - National Standard 10-Safety of Life at Sea.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...fishing that would not otherwise exist. These constraints may...conditions. This national standard does not replace the judgment...gear. Where these conditions exist, FMPs should attempt to mitigate...management measures that reduce the race for fish and the resulting...

2013-10-01

140

50 CFR 600.355 - National Standard 10-Safety of Life at Sea.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...fishing that would not otherwise exist. These constraints may...conditions. This national standard does not replace the judgment...gear. Where these conditions exist, FMPs should attempt to mitigate...management measures that reduce the race for fish and the resulting...

2010-10-01

141

1999 INEEL National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants - Radionuclides  

SciTech Connect

Under Section 61.94 of Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 61, Subpart H, ''National Emission Standards for Emission of Radionuclides Other Than Radon From Department of Energy Facilities,'' each Department of Energy (DOE) facility must submit an annual report documenting compliance. This report addresses the Section 61.94 reporting requirements for operations at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for calendar year (CY) 1999. The Idaho Operations Office of the DOE is the primary contract concerning compliance with the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) at the INEEL. For CY 1999, airborne radionuclide emissions from the INEEL operations were calculated to result in a maximum individual dose to a member of the public of 7.92E-03 mrem (7.92E-08 Sievert). This effective dose equivalent (EDE) is well below the 40 CFR 61, Subpart H, regulatory standard of 10 mrem per year (1.0E-04 Sievert per year).

J. W. Tkachyk

2000-06-01

142

1998 INEEL National Emission Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants - Radionuclides  

SciTech Connect

Under Section 61.94 of Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 61, Subpart H, ''National Emission Standards for Emission of Radionuclides Other Than Radon From Department of Energy Facilities,'' each Department of Energy (DOE) facility must submit an annual report documenting compliance. This report addresses the Section 61.94 reporting requirements for operations at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for calendar year (CY) 1998. The Idaho Operations Office of the DOE is the primary contract concerning compliance with the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) at the INEEL. For CY 1998, airborne radionuclide emissions from the INEEL operations were calculated to result in a maximum individual dose to a member of the public of 7.92E-03 mrem (7.92E-08 Sievert). This effective dose equivalent (EDE) is well below the 40 CFR 61, Subpart H, regulatory standard of 10 mrem per year (1.0E-04 Sievert per year).

J. W. Tkachyk

1999-06-01

143

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Calendar Year 2005  

SciTech Connect

The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is operated by the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO). From 1951 through 1992, the NTS was operated as the nation’s site for nuclear weapons testing. The release of man-made radionuclides from the NTS as a result of testing activities has been monitored since the first decade of atmospheric testing. After 1962, when nuclear tests were conducted only underground, the radiation exposure to the public surrounding the NTS was greatly reduced. After the 1992 moratorium on nuclear testing, radiation monitoring on the NTS focused on detecting airborne radionuclides that are resuspended into the air (e.g., by winds, dust-devils) along with historically-contaminated soils on the NTS. To protect the public from harmful levels of man-made radiation, the Clean Air Act, National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) (40 Code of Federal Regulations 61 Subpart H) limits the release of radioactivity from a U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) facility (e.g., the NTS) to 10 millirem per year (mrem/yr) effective dose equivalent (EDE) to any member of the public. This is the dose limit established for someone living off of the NTS for inhaling radioactive particles that may be carried by wind off of the NTS. This limit assumes that members of the public surrounding the NTS may also inhale “background levels” or radioactive particles unrelated to NTS activities that come from naturally-occurring elements in the environment (e.g., radon gas from the earth or natural building materials) or from other man-made sources (e.g., cigarette smoke). The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires DOE facilities (e.g., the NTS) to demonstrate compliance with the NESHAP dose limit by annually estimating the dose to a hypothetical member of the public, referred to as the maximally exposed individual (MEI), or the member of the public who resides within an 80-kilometer (50-mile) radius of the facility who would experience the highest annual dose. This dose to a hypothetical person living close to the NTS cannot exceed 10 mrem/yr. C.1 This report has been produced annually for the EPA Region IX, and for the state of Nevada since 1992 and documents that the estimated EDE to the MEI has been, and continues to be, well below the NESHAP dose limit. The report format and level of technical detail has been dictated by the EPA and DOE Headquarters over the years. It is read and evaluated for NESHAP compliance by federal and state regulators. Each section and appendix presents technical information (e.g., NTS emission source estimates, onsite air sampling data, air transport model input parameters, dose calculation methodology, etc.), which supports the annual dose assessment conclusions. In 2005, as in all previous years for which this report has been produced, the estimated dose to the public from inhalation of radiological emissions from current and past NTS activities is shown to be well below the 10 mrem/yr dose limit. This was demonstrated by air sampling data collected onsite at each of six EPA-approved “critical receptor” stations on the NTS. The sum of measured EDEs from the four stations at the NTS boundaries is 2.5 mrem/yr. This dose is 25 percent of the allowed NESHAP dose limit. Because the nearest member of the public resides approximately 20 kilometers (12 miles) from the NTS boundary, this individual receives only a small fraction of this dose. NESHAP compliance does not require DOE facilities to estimate annual inhalation dose from non-DOE activities. Therefore, this report does not estimate public radiation doses from any other sources or activities (e.g., naturally-occurring radon, global fallout).

Bechtel Nevada

2006-06-01

144

Adoption of health center performance measures and national benchmarks.  

PubMed

This study examines the adaptability of standardized performance measurement tools in 3 community-based health centers. Although health centers have considerable experience in the area of performance reporting, they do not currently participate in a national reporting system that is transparent and standardized. The analysis of the data collected from health centers indicates that not only can these safety net providers readily integrate standardized measures, the quality of care being provided compare favorably to national benchmarks. With evidence of solid performance may come the types of financial adjustments essential to permitting health centers to move more decisively into the broader private health insurance markets that may exist in their service areas. PMID:18162800

Shin, Peter; Markus, Anne; Rosenbaum, Sara; Sharac, Jessica

2008-01-01

145

Pediatric fasting times before surgical and radiologic procedures: benchmarking institutional practices against national standards.  

PubMed

Prolonged preoperative fasting can be associated with adverse outcomes, particularly in children. Our aims were to assess the time pediatric patients fasted prior to surgical or radiologic procedures and evaluate whether fasting (NPO) orders complied with national guidelines. We measured NPO start time, time of last intake, and time test or surgery was scheduled, took place, or was cancelled in 219 pediatric patients. Findings demonstrate that pediatric patients experienced prolonged fasting before procedures and that the majority of NPO orders were non-compliant with national guidelines. We have developed strategies to reduce fasting times and ensure compliance with recommended national fasting standards. PMID:24365219

Williams, Catherine; Johnson, Pat A; Guzzetta, Cathie E; Guzzetta, Philip C; Cohen, Ira Todd; Sill, Anne M; Vezina, Gilbert; Cain, Sherry; Harris, Christine; Murray, Jodi

2014-01-01

146

US National Large-scale City Orthoimage Standard Initiative  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The early procedures and algorithms for National digital orthophoto generation in National Digital Orthophoto Program (NDOP) were based on earlier USGS mapping operations, such as field control, aerotriangulation (derived in the early 1920's), the quarter-quadrangle-centered (3.75 minutes of longitude and latitude in geographic extent), 1:40,000 aerial photographs, and 2.5 D digital elevation models. However, large-scale city orthophotos using early procedures have disclosed many shortcomings, e.g., ghost image, occlusion, shadow. Thus, to provide the technical base (algorithms, procedure) and experience needed for city large-scale digital orthophoto creation is essential for the near future national large-scale digital orthophoto deployment and the revision of the Standards for National Large-scale City Digital Orthophoto in National Digital Orthophoto Program (NDOP). This paper will report our initial research results as follows: (1) High-precision 3D city DSM generation through LIDAR data processing, (2) Spatial objects/features extraction through surface material information and high-accuracy 3D DSM data, (3) 3D city model development, (4) Algorithm development for generation of DTM-based orthophoto, and DBM-based orthophoto, (5) True orthophoto generation by merging DBM-based orthophoto and DTM-based orthophoto, and (6) Automatic mosaic by optimizing and combining imagery from many perspectives.

Zhou, G.; Song, C.; Benjamin, S.; Schickler, W.

2003-01-01

147

Information system security compliance to FISMA standard: A quantitative measure  

Microsoft Academic Search

To ensure that safeguards are implemented to protect against a majority of known threats, industry leaders are requiring information processing systems to comply with security standards. The National Institute of Standards and Technology Federal Information Risk Management Framework (RMF) and the associated suite of guidance documents describe the minimum security requirements (controls) for non-national- security federal information systems mandated by

Elaine Hulitt; Rayford B. Vaughn

2008-01-01

148

Determination of elements in National Bureau of Standards' geological Standard Reference Materials by neutron activation analysis  

SciTech Connect

Instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) and prompt gamma neutron activation analysis (PGNAA) have been used to determine elemental concentrations in two recently issued National Bureau of Standards (NBS) Standard Reference Materials (SRM's). The results obtained are in good agreement with the certified and information values reported by NBS for those elements in each material for which comparisons are available. Average concentrations of 35 elements in SRM 278 obsidian rock and 32 elements in SRM 688 basalt rock are reported for comparison with results that may be obtained by other laboratories.

Graham, C.C.; Glascock, M.D.; Carni, J.J.; Vogt, J.R.; Spalding, T.G.

1982-08-01

149

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST): Atomic Spectra Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

At this website, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) offers the new Atomic Spectra Database Version 3.0, which "contains critically evaluated NIST data for radiative transitions and energy levels in atoms and atomic ions." Researchers can view the data by wavelengths or energy levels. Individuals can find articles summarizing the data and explaining the ground levels and ionization energies of neutral atoms. The website offers a useful help page as well as archives of NIST's previous versions of the database.

150

Meeting Inquiry National Standards with High School Research Projects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Our work with the NASA/IPAC Teacher Archive Research Program (NITARP) has high school teachers and students collaborating with astronomers on authentic research. Each group writes a proposal to do research, works together on that research, and presents their findings in science posters and papers. We will summarize NITARP, how it helps teachers meet national science standards, present examples of research projects and questions appropriate for high school student study, and guide novices to astronomical databases and other tools used to solve problems in astronomy.

Seebode, Sally; Melton, C.; McCutcheon, M.; Childers, J. M.; Odden, C.; Ciardi, D.; Howell, S. B.

2013-01-01

151

77 FR 2677 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Primary Aluminum Reduction Plants...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Primary Aluminum Reduction Plants; Extension of Comment Period AGENCY: Environmental...National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Primary Aluminum Reduction Plants'' is being extended for 12 days....

2012-01-19

152

76 FR 70414 - National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Proposes To Revise Codes and Standards  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Proposes...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to announce...NFPA's proposal to revise some of its fire safety codes and standards and...

2011-11-14

153

77 FR 30160 - Implementation of the 2008 National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone: Nonattainment Area...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...2008 National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone: Nonattainment Area...nonattainment areas for the 2008 ozone national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS...is based on three full ozone seasons of air quality data; thus in...

2012-05-21

154

75 FR 13484 - Nominations for Members of the National Organic Standards Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Nominations for Members of the National Organic Standards Board AGENCY: Agricultural...SUMMARY: The Organic Foods Production Act (OFPA) of 1990...requires the establishment of a National Organic Standards Board (NOSB). The NOSB...

2010-03-22

155

77 FR 37374 - Nominations for Members of the National Organic Standards Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Nominations for Members of the National Organic Standards Board AGENCY: Agricultural...SUMMARY: The Organic Foods Production Act (OFPA) of 1990...requires the establishment of a National Organic Standards Board (NOSB). The NOSB...

2012-06-21

156

30 CFR Appendix I to Subpart M of... - National Consensus Standards  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...National Consensus Standards I Appendix I to Subpart M of Part 57 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND...MINES Machinery and Equipment Pt. 57, Subpt. M, App. I Appendix I to Subpart M of Part 57—National Consensus Standards...

2010-07-01

157

30 CFR Appendix I to Subpart M of... - National Consensus Standards  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...National Consensus Standards I Appendix I to Subpart M of Part 56 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND...MINES Machinery and Equipment Pt. 56, Subpt. M, App. I Appendix I to Subpart M of Part 56—National Consensus Standards...

2010-07-01

158

Making and Measuring the California History Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The California history and social science standards-based reform has been touted as the "gold standard" for state history curricula. But the standards, framework, and tests that constitute this reform provide inconsistent and contradictory criteria for teaching and assessing history and social science. An examination of the political process that…

Fogo, Bradley

2011-01-01

159

The UK's National Measurement Laboratory: Beginners Guides to Measurement  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

At this website, the UK's National Measurement Laboratory offers beginner guides to introduce important features and concepts of measurement for the areas of acoustics, atomic time, color, computing and measurement, electricity, ionizing radiation, length, light, mass, materials, temperature, and traceability and uncertainty. Each guide contains concise, intelligible descriptions along with helpful illustrations. Visitors can find additional information about the history of length and units of measurement. Students and educators can obtain copies of these guides as posters.

160

76 FR 70413 - National Fire Protection Association (NFPA): Request for Comments on NFPA's Codes and Standards  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Protection Association (NFPA): Request...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to announce...INFORMATION: Since 1896, the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) has...

2011-11-14

161

78 FR 24729 - National Fire Codes: Request for Comments on NFPA's Codes and Standards  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Codes: Request for Comments on NFPA's...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to announce...INFORMATION: Since 1896, the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) has...

2013-04-26

162

75 FR 66725 - National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Proposes To Revise Codes and Standards  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Proposes...SUMMARY: The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) proposes...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)...

2010-10-29

163

75 FR 66735 - National Fire Protection Association (NFPA): Request for Comments on NFPA's Codes and Standards  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Protection Association (NFPA): Request...SUMMARY: Since 1896, the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) has accomplished...safety related issues. NFPA's National Fire Codes [supreg], which holds over...

2010-10-29

164

77 FR 67340 - National Fire Codes: Request for Comments on NFPA's Codes and Standards  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Codes: Request for Comments on NFPA's...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to announce...INFORMATION: Since 1896, the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) has...

2012-11-09

165

National Institute of Standards and Technology: Time and Frequency Division  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"The Time and Frequency Division, part of NIST's Physics Laboratory, maintains the standard for frequency and time interval for the United States, provides official time to the United States, and carries out a broad program of research and service activities in time and frequency metrology." At this website, visitors can find online exhibits about ethnic and historical calendars, the history of timekeeping, the discovery of the quartz watch, and more. Researchers can learn about the division's studies dealing with ion storage and optical frequencies. Students and educators will find a tutorial about oscillator signals and measurement methods. Through this large website, visitors will understand the intricacies that go into measuring the exact time.

166

Biases in Multicenter Longitudinal PET Standardized Uptake Value Measurements1  

PubMed Central

This study investigates measurement biases in longitudinal positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) studies that are due to instrumentation variability including human error. Improved estimation of variability between patient scans is of particular importance for assessing response to therapy and multicenter trials. We used National Institute of Standards and Technology-traceable calibration methodology for solid germanium-68/gallium-68 (68Ge/68Ga) sources used as surrogates for fluorine-18 (18F) in radionuclide activity calibrators. One cross-calibration kit was constructed for both dose calibrators and PET scanners using the same 9-month half-life batch of 68Ge/68Ga in epoxy. Repeat measurements occurred in a local network of PET imaging sites to assess standardized uptake value (SUV) errors over time for six dose calibrators from two major manufacturers and for six PET/CT scanners from three major manufacturers. Bias in activity measures by dose calibrators ranged from -50% to 9% and was relatively stable over time except at one site that modified settings between measurements. Bias in activity concentration measures by PET scanners ranged from -27% to 13% with a median of 174 days between the six repeat scans (range, 29 to 226 days). Corresponding errors in SUV measurements ranged from -20% to 47%. SUV biases were not stable over time with longitudinal differences for individual scanners ranging from -11% to 59%. Bias in SUV measurements varied over time and between scanner sites. These results suggest that attention should be paid to PET scanner calibration for longitudinal studies and use of dose calibrator and scanner cross-calibration kits could be helpful for quality assurance and control. PMID:24772207

Doot, Robert K; Pierce, Larry A; Byrd, Darrin; Elston, Brian; Allberg, Keith C; Kinahan, Paul E

2014-01-01

167

76 FR 54497 - Compliance Testing Program Administrative Clarification to National Institute of Justice Standard...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Justice Standard-0101.06, Ballistic Resistance of Body Armor AGENCY: National Institute of Justice, Justice. ACTION...clarification of NIJ Standard 0101.06, ``Ballistic Resistance Body Armor'' (hereinafter, ``NIJ Standard-0101.06'')....

2011-09-01

168

40 CFR 50.6 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM10.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM10. 50.6 Section...PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS § 50.6 National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM10. (a) The...

2010-07-01

169

40 CFR 50.6 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM10.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM10. 50.6 Section...PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS § 50.6 National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM10. (a) The...

2011-07-01

170

40 CFR 50.12 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. 50.12 Section...PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS § 50.12 National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. (a)...

2010-07-01

171

40 CFR 50.12 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. 50.12 Section...PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS § 50.12 National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. (a)...

2011-07-01

172

40 CFR 50.8 - National primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide. 50.8 Section 50...primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide. (a) The national primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide are: (1) 9 parts...

2014-07-01

173

Information system security compliance to FISMA standard: a quantitative measure  

Microsoft Academic Search

To ensure that safeguards are implemented to protect against a majority of known threats, industry leaders are requiring information\\u000a processing systems to comply with security standards. The National Institute of Standards and Technology Federal Information\\u000a Risk Management Framework (RMF) and the associated suite of guidance documents describe the minimum security requirements\\u000a (controls) for non-national-security federal information systems mandated by the

Elaine Hulitt; Rayford B. Vaughn

2010-01-01

174

National Incident Management System (NIMS) Standards Review Panel Workshop Summary Report  

SciTech Connect

The importance and need for full compliant implementation of NIMS nationwide was clearly demonstrated during the Hurricane Katrina event, which was clearly expressed in Secretary Chertoff's October 4, 2005 letter addressed to the State's governors. It states, ''Hurricane Katrina was a stark reminder of how critical it is for our nation to approach incident management in a coordinated, consistent, and efficient manner. We must be able to come together, at all levels of government, to prevent, prepare for, respond to, and recover from any emergency or disaster. Our operations must be seamless and based on common incident management doctrine, because the challenges we face as a nation are far greater than capabilities of any one jurisdiction.'' The NIMS is a system/architecture for organizing response on a ''national'' level. It incorporations ICS as a main component of that structure (i.e., it institutionalizes ICS in NIMS). In a paper published on the NIMS Website, the following statements were made: ''NIMS represents a core set of doctrine, principles, terminology, and organizational processes to enable effective, efficient and collaborative incident management at all levels. To provide the framework for interoperability and compatibility, the NIMS is based on a balance between flexibility and standardization.'' Thus the NIC is challenged with the need to adopt quality SDO generated standards to support NIMS compliance, but in doing so maintain the flexibility necessary so that response operations can be tailored for the specific jurisdictional and geographical needs across the nation. In support of this large and complex challenge facing the NIC, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) was asked to provide technical support to the NIC, through their DHS Science and Technology ? Standards Portfolio Contract, to help identify, review, and develop key standards for NIMS compliance. Upon examining the challenge, the following general process appears to be a reasonable approach for identifying and establishing existing standards that would be applicable to NIMS compliance. The suggested generalized steps to establishing existing SDO generated standards for NIMS compliance are: (1) establish search criteria from the NIMS and its support documents, (2) search SDO databases to identify key existing nationally and/or internationally recognized standards that have potential application to NIMS compliance needs, (3) review the identified standards against the specific component needs of the NIMS, (4) identify the pertinent aspects/components of those identified standards that clearly address specific NIMS compliance needs, (5) establish a process to adopt the pertinent standards, which includes the generation of formalized FEMA Guidance that identifies the specific NIMS component compliance needs addressed in the respective standard, (6) develop performance criteria for which to measure compliance with the identified NIMS components addressed by the respective adopted standard, and (7) adopt the standard, publish the guidance and performance criteria, and incorporate it into routine FEMA/NIC NIMS management operations. This review process will also help identify real gaps in standards for which new NIMS specific standards should be developed. To jump start this process and hopefully identify some key ''low hanging fruit'' standards the NIC could use to begin such a process, a panel of first-responder experts (familiar with the current standards of common use in the first-responder community) from various response disciplines was formed and a workshop held. The workshop included a pre-workshop information gathering process. This report discusses the workshop and its findings in detail.

Stenner, Robert D.; Kirk, Jennifer L.; Stanton, James R.; Shebell, Peter; Schwartz, Deborah S.; Judd, Kathleen S.; Gelston, Gariann M.

2006-02-07

175

A Comparison of Assertive Community Treatment Fidelity Measures and Patient-Centered Medical Home Standards  

PubMed Central

Objective This study compared program measures of assertive community treatment (ACT) with standards of accreditation for the patient-centered medical home (PCMH) to determine whether there were similarities in the infrastructure of the two methods of service delivery and whether high-fidelity ACT teams would qualify for medical home accreditation. Methods The authors compared National Committee for Quality Assurance PCMH standards with two ACT fidelity measures (the Dartmouth Assertive Community Treatment Scale and the Tool for Measurement of Assertive Community Treatment [TMACT]) and with national ACT program standards. Results PCMH standards pertaining to enhanced access and continuity, management of care, and self-care support demonstrated strong overlap across ACT measures. Standards for identification and management of populations, care coordination and follow-up, and quality improvement demonstrated less overlap. The TMACT and the program standards had sufficient overlap to score in the range of a level 1 PCMH, but no ACT measure sufficiently detailed methods of population-based screening and tracking of referrals to satisfy “must-pass” elements of the standards. Conclusions ACT measures and medical home standards had significant overlap in innate infrastructure. ACT teams following the program standards or undergoing TMACT fidelity review could have the necessary infrastructure to serve as medical homes if they were properly equipped to supervise general medical care and administer activities to improve management of chronic diseases. PMID:23820753

Vanderlip, Erik R.; Cerimele, Joseph M.; Monroe-DeVita, Maria

2014-01-01

176

75 FR 10252 - Release of Draft Documents Related to the Review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Monoxide National Ambient Air Quality Standards: External Review Draft. DATES: Comments...Monoxide National Ambient Air Quality Standards: External Review Draft, please contact Dr...Monoxide National Ambient Air Quality Standards: External Review Draft. The...

2010-03-05

177

78 FR 2394 - Release of Draft Document Related to the Review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...FRL-9769-6] Release of Draft Document Related...National Ambient Air Quality Standards...National Ambient Air Quality Standards, External Review Draft (PA). This document...National Ambient Air Quality Standards.\\1\\ The draft PA document...

2013-01-11

178

77 FR 40332 - Request for Nominations for Members To Serve on National Institute of Standards and Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...National Institute of Standards and Technology Request for Nominations for Members...National Institute of Standards and Technology Federal Advisory Committees AGENCY...National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce....

2012-07-09

179

75 FR 43933 - Request for nominations for members to serve on National Institute of Standards and Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...National Institute of Standards and Technology Request for nominations for members...National Institute of Standards and Technology Federal Advisory Committees AGENCY...National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce....

2010-07-27

180

77 FR 64036 - Determination of Attainment of the 1-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards in the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Attainment of the 1-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards in the Sacramento...the revoked 1-hour ozone national ambient air quality standard (1-hour...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone. \\b\\ Data shown...

2012-10-18

181

75 FR 51960 - Proposed Rule To Implement the 1997 8-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard: New...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Implement the 1997 8-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard: New Source...for the 1997 8-hour ozone national ambient air quality standard (NAAQS...Implement the 8-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard-Phase...

2010-08-24

182

77 FR 42495 - Release of Draft Documents Related to the Review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone AGENCY: Environmental...for the Review of the Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards, First External...for the Review of the Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards: First...

2012-07-19

183

78 FR 67121 - Request for Nominations for Members To Serve on National Institute of Standards and Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...National Institute of Standards and Technology Request for Nominations for Members...National Institute of Standards and Technology Federal Advisory Committees AGENCY...National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce....

2013-11-08

184

76 FR 39379 - Request for Nominations for Members To Serve on National Institute of Standards and Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...National Institute of Standards and Technology Request for Nominations for Members...National Institute of Standards and Technology Federal Advisory Committees AGENCY...National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce....

2011-07-06

185

75 FR 57220 - Rule To Implement the 1997 8-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard: New Source Review...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...8-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard: New Source Review Anti-Backsliding...8-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard: New Source Review Anti-Backsliding...8-hour ozone national ambient air quality standard (NAAQS). The EPA has...

2010-09-20

186

Experimental uncertainty and drag measurements in the national transonic facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report documents the results of a study which was conducted in order to establish a framework for the quantitative description of the uncertainty in measurements conducted in the National Transonic Facility (NTF). The importance of uncertainty analysis in both experiment planning and reporting results has grown significantly in the past few years. Various methodologies have been proposed and the engineering community appears to be 'converging' on certain accepted practices. The practical application of these methods to the complex wind tunnel testing environment at the NASA Langley Research Center was based upon terminology and methods established in the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) standards. The report overviews this methodology.

Batill, Stephen M.

1994-01-01

187

Developing New Earth and Space National Science Standards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The new Next Generation Science Standards being written by Achieve, Inc., which are based upon the NRC's "Conceptual Framework for New Science Education Standards," represents a positive opportunity for Earth and Space Science (ESS) to make significant advancements in the quality and quantity of instruction in K-12 classrooms. ESS is given equal footing with Life and Physical Sciences in the NRC Framework, which recommends that important ESS concepts be taught into high school, a departure from the the current norm where ESS rarely taught beyond middle school. There are several aspects that contribute to the new emphasis that is given to ESS: 1) A strong case is made for the many societally relevant issues (changing climate patterns, natural hazards, mineral and energy resources, dwindling water supplies, human impacts on environments), which dominate the whole third (of three) of the "Big Ideas" of the framework; 2) The new systems approach to ESS science provides an increased coherency to the subject matter that allows it to be easily connected to the Physical, Life, and Engineering content through a set of cross-cutting themes; 3) Climate and climate change is given a prominent position in the ESS content because it can be seen as a capstone of science education, incorporating nearly all of the Earth and Planetary systems as well as content in Physical, Life, and Engineering; 4) The recently created literacy frameworks generated by the Earth, Ocean, Atmosphere, and Climate communities provide legitimacy and a strong justification for the necessity to teach ESS throughout the K-12 curriculum. Many significant roadblocks remain to creating a fully ESS-literate American public, but the recent efforts to create a new set of nationally-adopted K-12 science education standards represent a positive step forward.

Wysession, M. E.

2011-12-01

188

New National Science Standards and Astronomy: An Update on the National Scene  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the summer of 2009, the National Academy of Science (NAS) began the process of collecting input on the development of the next-generation of national science education standards and frameworks for K-12 schools. We were asked to provide input related to the science disciplines' perspectives on core ideas around which the standards would be designed. This paper is an abbreviated summary of our work commissioned by the NAS, providing an interpretation of "core ideas" as those few notions that have broad explanatory and predictive power, proposes a possible set of criteria for their identification, and suggests some implications to a standards development process. The broad notion of a core idea in science is proposed as one of a brief, yet cohesive, set of statements that taken together have deep explanatory and predictive power describing observed phenomena in the natural world. The characteristic of a core idea is that it helps learners make sense of considerable information and confusing claims. We propose that there are only a few core ideas relevant to a scientifically literate citizenship, and they are highly intertwined with one another. Additionally, we propose that our collected observations of K-12 teachers and classrooms have implications for the EPO and Astronomy Education Research communities. EPO products need to be explicitly tied to and constrained by these core ideas, and they need to explicitly link content and cross-cutting ideas. Future astronomy education research should most likely turn its attention to small-medium scale studies that focus on cognitive mechanisms.

Slater, S. J.; Slater, T. F.

2011-09-01

189

National Science-Education Standards: Around the Reform Bush...Again?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses three recent attempts to establish national science-education standards: "Project 2061: Science for All Americans"; the National Research Council's national standards for curriculum, teaching, and assessment; and the Goals 2000: Educate America Act. Suggests that such reform movements could provide useful direction to local school…

Riechard, Donald E.

1994-01-01

190

Performing with Understanding: The Challenge of the National Standards for Music Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of essays presents key ideas and practical suggestions for implementing the National Standards for Music Education through performance. Following a Preface and Music Content Standards for Grades K-12, essays in the collection are (1) "The Power of the National Standards for Music Education" (Paul R. Lehman); (2) "What Is…

Reimer, Bennett, Ed.

191

National Construction of Global Education: A Critical Review of the National Curriculum Standards for South Korean Global High Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, the authors investigate what global visions of education are reflected in the selected national curriculum standards, with special reference to two seemingly contradictory forces: globalization and nationalism. This paper examines the socio-economic and cultural foundations of the curriculum and explains how the national curriculum…

Sung, Youl-Kwan; Park, Minjeong; Choi, Il-Seon

2013-01-01

192

Medical students call for national standards in anatomical education.  

PubMed

The diminishing number of hours dedicated to formal instruction in anatomy has led to a debate within medical education as to the level required for safe clinical practice. We provide a review of the current state of anatomical education in Australian medical schools and state the case for national standards. In light of the review presented, council members of the Australian Medical Students' Association voted to affirm that consideration should be given to developing undergraduate learning goals for anatomy, providing a codified medical student position on the teaching of anatomy in Australian medical schools. Crucially, the position states that time-intensive methods of instruction such as dissection should be a rite of passage for medical students in the absence of evidence demonstrating the superiority of modern teaching methods. We believe the bodies with a vested interest in the quality of medical graduates, namely the Australian Medical Council, Medical Deans Australia & New Zealand, and the postgraduate colleges should collaborate and develop clear guidelines that make explicit the core knowledge of anatomy expected of medical graduates at each stage of their career with a view to safe clinical practice. In addition, Australian universities have a role to play in conducting further research into contemporary learning styles and the most efficacious methods of delivering anatomical education. PMID:24661596

Farey, John E; Sandeford, Jonathan C; Evans-McKendry, Greg D

2014-11-01

193

STANDARDS OF FUNCTIONAL MEASUREMENTS IN OCULAR TOXICOLOGY.  

EPA Science Inventory

The visual system, like other sensory systems, may be a frequent target of exposure to toxic chemicals. A thorough evaluation of visual toxicity should include both structural and functional measures. Sensory evoked potentials are one set of neurophysiological procedures that...

194

Measurements and data of thermophysical properties traceable to a metrological standard  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to improve the performance of devices, components and systems, where heat is generated, transported, stored or converted to other types of energy, reliable thermal design and simulation are required using reliable thermophysical property data. In order to produce reliable thermophysical property data systematically and continually, the international and national standards of thermophysical properties must be established and the measurement methods should be evaluated and standardized, and the measuring instruments must be calibrated by reference materials traceable to the international or national standard. Users search for and purchase a particular grade of material which satisfies the properties, performances and technical specifications required. In order to guarantee fair commerce and trade, values of thermophysical properties should be measured traceable to the national standard. Thus, the establishment of an international standard is required satisfying the global CIPM MRA under the metric convention, and then, the global and regional framework to examine calibration and measurement capability of national metrology institutes (NMIs). A domestic traceability system in each country should be established and the quality management system of the NMI and calibration laboratories should be constructed based on ISO 17025.

Baba, Tetsuya

2010-04-01

195

A Critique of "Alternatives to National Standards for Environmental Education: Process-Based Quality Assessment."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents thoughts, contemplative disagreements, and hearty concurrences regarding the article "Alternatives To National Standards for Environmental Education: Process-Based Quality Assessment." Contains 14 references. (JRH)

Roth, Robert E.

1997-01-01

196

75 FR 37730 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants From Petroleum Refineries  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants From Petroleum Refineries AGENCY: Environmental Protection...pollutants from heat exchange systems at petroleum refineries. These requirements were...to the national emission standards for petroleum refineries. In this notice, we...

2010-06-30

197

30 CFR Appendix I to Subpart C of... - National Consensus Standards  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...standard National consensus standard §§ 56.4200, 56.4201 NFPA No. 10—Portable Fire Extinguisher. NFPA No. 11—Low Expansion Foam and Combined Agent Systems. NFPA No. 11A—High Expansion Foam Systems. NFPA No....

2010-07-01

198

30 CFR Appendix I to Subpart C of... - National Consensus Standards  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...standard National consensus standard §§ 56.4200, 56.4201 NFPA No. 10—Portable Fire Extinguisher. NFPA No. 11—Low Expansion Foam and Combined Agent Systems. NFPA No. 11A—High Expansion Foam Systems. NFPA No....

2011-07-01

199

MEASUREMENT SCIENCE AND STANDARDS IN FORENSIC HANDWRITING ANALYSIS CONFERENCE & WEBCAST  

E-print Network

1 MEASUREMENT SCIENCE AND STANDARDS IN FORENSIC HANDWRITING ANALYSIS CONFERENCE & WEBCAST IMPORTANT ANNOUNCEMENTS June 4-5, 2013 Overview We have several important announcements regarding the Measurement Science and Standards in Forensic Handwriting Analysis Conference & Webcast that starts at 9:00AM Eastern Time on June 4

Magee, Joseph W.

200

National Standards for Youth Sports: Modifying the Sports Environment for a Healthier Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet lists 11 national standards for youth sports programs developed to promote a positive social experience as the primary goal of such programs. Each standard includes information on the background of its development, its rationale, and implementation information. Many of the standards address parent responsibilities. The standards are:…

National Alliance for Youth Sports, West Palm Beach, FL.

201

78 FR 24073 - Reconsideration of Certain New Source Issues: National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...RIN 2060-AR62 Reconsideration of Certain New Source Issues: National Emission Standards...Toxics Standards (MATS) NESHAP, and the New Source Performance Standards rule issued...is now taking final action on the revised new source numerical standards in the MATS...

2013-04-24

202

Dual-wavelength transfer standard for laser peak-power measurement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the Naval Surface Warfare Center - Corona Division (NSWC) have jointly developed a dual-wavelength extended-sensitivity radiometer (D-ESR) that functions as a portable transfer standard for measuring laser pulses at wavelengths of 1.06 mum and 1.55 mum. The peak-power irradiance range is from 500 pW\\/cm2 to 50 muW\\/cm2 within the wavelength range

Rodney Leonhardt; Daniel King

2011-01-01

203

Standardization of Laser Methods and Techniques for Vibration Measurements and Calibrations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The realization and dissemination of the SI units of motion quantities (vibration and shock) have been based on laser interferometer methods specified in international documentary standards. New and refined laser methods and techniques developed by national metrology institutes and by leading manufacturers in the past two decades have been swiftly specified as standard methods for inclusion into in the series ISO 16063 of international documentary standards. A survey of ISO Standards for the calibration of vibration and shock transducers demonstrates the extended ranges and improved accuracy (measurement uncertainty) of laser methods and techniques for vibration and shock measurements and calibrations. The first standard for the calibration of laser vibrometers by laser interferometry or by a reference accelerometer calibrated by laser interferometry (ISO 16063-41) is on the stage of a Draft International Standard (DIS) and may be issued by the end of 2010. The standard methods with refined techniques proved to achieve wider measurement ranges and smaller measurement uncertainties than that specified in the ISO Standards. The applicability of different standardized interferometer methods to vibrations at high frequencies was recently demonstrated up to 347 kHz (acceleration amplitudes up to 350 km/s2). The relative deviations between the amplitude measurement results of the different interferometer methods that were applied simultaneously, differed by less than 1% in all cases.

von Martens, Hans-Jürgen

2010-05-01

204

Optical high-power nonlinearity comparison between the National Institute of Standards and Technology and the National Metrology Institute of Japan at 1480 nm  

SciTech Connect

We compare the results of measurements of the nonlinearity of high-power optical fiber powermeters (OFPMs) by two national metrology institutes (NMIs): the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST-USA) and the National Metrology Institute of Japan/National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (NMIJ/AIST-Japan) at a wavelength of 1480 nm. The nonlinearity and range discontinuity of a commercial OFPM were measured from 1 mW to 500 mW by use of a superposition method (both laboratories) and from 1 mW to 250 mW by use of a comparison method (NMIJ only). Measurement results showed largest differences of less than 1.6 parts in 10{sup 3}, which is within the combined expanded (k=2) uncertainty for both laboratories.

Vayshenker, I.; Yang, S.; Amemiya, K.; Mukai, S.; Zama, T.

2010-01-01

205

40 CFR Appendix P to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone P Appendix P to Part...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone 1. General ...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone (O3 ) specified...

2012-07-01

206

40 CFR Appendix P to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone P Appendix P to Part...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone 1. General ...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone (O3 ) specified...

2014-07-01

207

40 CFR Appendix P to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone P Appendix P to Part...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone 1. General ...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone (O3 ) specified...

2010-07-01

208

40 CFR Appendix P to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone P Appendix P to Part...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone 1. General ...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone (O3 ) specified...

2011-07-01

209

40 CFR Appendix P to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone P Appendix P to Part...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone 1. General ...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone (O3 ) specified...

2013-07-01

210

The impact of piezoelectric PVDF on medical ultrasound exposure measurements, standards, and regulations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development of PVDF hydrophones for characterizing medical ultrasound fields. The polymer hydrophone approaches that have resulted from this work are discussed, with emphasis given to the spot-poled membrane design that has become the de facto reference device for these measurements. The various national and international standards and regulations that have followed from the successful use of

Gerald R. Harris; R oy C. Preston; A. S. DeReggi

2000-01-01

211

National Science Education Standards Project Update. Prepared for the Secretary's Invitational Conference, October, 1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Research Council is coordinating the effort to develop national standards for science education. The goal is to develop, and publish by fall, 1994, science education standards that represent the consensus of teachers and other science educators, scientists, and the general public about what is important for all students to attain in…

National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC.

212

National Apprenticeship and Training Standards for Painting and Decorating and Drywall Finishing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The booklet presents the ninth edition of the national apprenticeship and training standards developed by the painting and decorating and drywall industry in cooperation with the Department of Labor's Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training. Provisions of national apprenticeship and training standards for painting and decorating and drywall…

Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training.

213

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY! NA TJONAL CoMPUTER SECURITY CENTER  

E-print Network

University William Geer AFCSC Virgil Gibson Grumann Data Systems Dennis Gilbert National Institute of Standards and Technology Irene Gilbert National Institute of Standards and Technology Captain James Goldston Sally Meglathery William H. Murray Noel Nazario Dr. Peter Neumann Nick Pantiuk Donn Parker Dr. Charles P

214

To Dream the Impossible Dream: Four Approaches to National Standards and Tests for America's Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education policy leaders from across the political spectrum identified and evaluated four models that national standards and testing could take. These models are: (1) "The Whole Enchilada," the most direct and aggressive approach in which the federal government creates and enforces national standards and assessments, replacing the current 50…

Finn, Chester E., Jr.; Julian, Liam; Petrilli, Michael J.

2006-01-01

215

76 FR 22383 - National Fire Codes: Request for Proposals for Revision of Codes and Standards  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Codes: Request for Proposals for Revision...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to announce...NFPA's proposal to revise some of its fire safety codes and standards and...

2011-04-21

216

Chapter 7: Are the National Standards Achievable?--Conclusions and Recommendations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this monograph was to present evidence for determining whether school-aged children were progressing toward attainment of the national physical education standards. Developed by a team of experts, the standards describe what students should know and be able to accomplish as a result of quality physical education (National

Graber, Kim C.; Locke, Lawrence F.

2007-01-01

217

Turmoil, Tirades and Transformation: The Wars for the National History Standards 1991-2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative research study, in the format of an historical narrative, chronicles the issues, process of consensus, and the impact of the National History Standards Project (NHSP) on local policies and curricula in history education. The "culture wars" for the "National Standards for History" of 1994-1996 and quest for a further clarification…

Henry, Phyllis Margaret

2010-01-01

218

Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop IV Agenda National Institute of Standards and Technology  

E-print Network

Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop IV Agenda National Institute of Standards and Technology 100 Policy, Department of State 1. Yeong Ro Lee, National Standards Coordinator for Cloud Computing for Information Society and Media, European Commission 10:40 11:00 USG Cloud Computing Technology Roadmap

219

Microgravity effects on standardized cognitive performance measures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this experiment, selected to fly on the International Microgravity Laboratory (IML-2) Spacelab mission, is to determine the effects of microgravity upon the cognitive skills which are critical to successful performance of many tasks on board the Space Shuttle. Six tests from the Unified Tri-service Cognitive Performance Assessment Battery (UTC-PAB) will be administered to the Mission Specialists to fulfill the goals of this experiment. These tests are based upon current theoretical models of human performance and the hypothesized effects of microgravity. The principle objective is the identification of the effects of microgravity upon specific information processing skills affecting performance from those of fatigue and shifts in work/rest cycles. Multiple measures of both short and long term fatigue will be obtained and used as a major independent variable for the analysis of these performance data. Scientific supporting studies will determine optimum practice and performance testing schedules for the astronauts. The same tests will be used post-flight to collect data on the recovery of any cognitive performance impairment compared with pre-flight, baseline levels.

Schiflett, Samuel G.

1992-01-01

220

Assessing the Life Science Knowledge of Students and Teachers Represented by the K-8 National Science Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We report on the development of an item test bank and associated instruments based on the National Research Council (NRC) K-8 life sciences content standards. Utilizing hundreds of studies in the science education research literature on student misconceptions, we constructed 476 unique multiple-choice items that measure the degree to which test…

Sadler, Philip M.; Coyle, Harold; Cook Smith, Nancy; Miller, Jaimie; Mintzes, Joel; Tanner, Kimberly; Murray, John

2013-01-01

221

A Network for Standardized Ocean Color Validation Measurements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) was developed to support atmospheric studies at various scales with measurements from worldwide distributed autonomous sunphotometers [Holben et al. 1998]. AERONET has now extended its support to marine applications through the additional capability of measuring the radiance emerging from the sea with modified sun-photometers installed on offshore platforms like lighthouses, navigation aids, oceanographic and oil towers. The functionality of this added network component called AERONET - Ocean Color (AERONET-OC), has been verified at different sites and deployment structures over a four year testing phase. Continuous or occasional deployment platforms (see Fig. 1) included: the Acqua Alta Oceanographic Tower (AAOT) of the Italian National Research Council in the northern Adriatic Sea since spring 2002; the Martha s Vineyard Coastal Observatory (MVCO) tower of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in the Atlantic off the Massachusetts coast for different periods since spring 2004; the TOTAL Abu-Al-Bukhoosh oil Platform (AABP, shown through an artistic rendition in Fig. 1) in the Persian (Arabian) Gulf in fall 2004; the Gustaf Dal n Lighthouse Tower (GDLT) of the Swedish Maritime Administration in the Baltic Sea in summer 2005; and the platform at the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Ocean Validation Experiment (COVE) site located in the Atlantic Ocean off the Virginia coast since fall 2005. Data collected during the network testing phase, confirm the capability of AERONET-OC to support the validation of marine optical remote sensing products through standardized measurements of normalized water-leaving radiance, LWN, and aerosol optical thickness, a, at multiple coastal sites.

Zibordi, Giuseppe; Holben, Brent; Hooker, Stanford; Melin, Frederic; Berthon, Jean-Francois; Slutsker, Ilya; Giles, David; Vandemark, Doug; Feng, Hui; Rutledge, Ken; Schuster, Gregory; Al Mandoos, Abdulla

2006-01-01

222

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants—Calendar Year 2010 INL Report for Radionuclides (2011)  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the calendar Year 2010 radionuclide air emissions and resulting effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public from operations at the Department of Energy's Idaho National Laboratory Site. This report was prepared in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, 'Protection of the Environment,' Part 61, 'National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants,' Subpart H, 'National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other than Radon from Department of Energy Facilities.'

Mark Verdoorn; Tom Haney

2011-06-01

223

78 FR 24725 - National Fire Codes: Request for Public Input for Revision of Codes and Standards  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Institute of Standards and Technology National Fire Codes: Request for Public Input for Revision...This notice contains the list of National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) documents...publishing this notice on behalf of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to...

2013-04-26

224

SUPPLEMENT TO: STANDARD MEASUREMENT PROTOCOLS - FLORIDA RADON RESEARCH PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

The report supplements earlier published standard protocols for key measurements where data quality is vital to the Florida Radon Research Program. The report adds measurements of small canister radon flux and soil water potential to the section on soil measurements. It adds indo...

225

National Apprenticeship Standards for Ophthalmic Finisher-Dispenser.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The standards have been established and registered to advance the science of ophthalmic optics and assure the continuance of skilled and ethical practices in the optical processing and dispensing service by providing a recognized and formalized method of developing skilled craftsmen. Standards cover apprenticeship qualifications, agreement, terms,…

Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training.

226

Measuring Outcomes and Setting Standards: A Brief Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an overview of a plenary panel entitled "Measuring Outcomes and Setting Standards in Languages Education.""Outcomes" implies what learners take away from their course, while the term "standards" seems commonly to have at least two senses: first it may imply some yardstick or framework against which learner performance, the…

Ingram, D. E.

227

Temperature standards, what and where: resources for effective temperature measurements  

SciTech Connect

Many standards have been published to describe devices, methods, and other topics. How they are developed and by whom are briefly described, and an attempt is made to extract most of those relating to temperature measurements. A directory of temperature standards and their sources is provided.

Johnston, W.W. Jr.

1982-01-01

228

HVI MEASUREMENTS AT NON-STANDARD TESTING ENVIRONMENTS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

There is currently a push to develop a standardized, worldwide testing system for cotton. This would require, however, a means to correct fiber properties measured under non-standard atmospheric testing conditions, because of the expense and technical difficulties inherent in controlling the test e...

229

76 FR 30308 - National Standard 10 Guidelines; Public Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Councils' agenda. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Debra Lambert, National Marine Fisheries Service, 301-713-2341. SUPPLEMENTARY...interpretation or other auxiliary aids should be directed to Debra Lambert (301-713-2341), at least 5 days before the...

2011-05-25

230

76 FR 35024 - National Institute of Justice Stab-Resistant Body Armor Standard Workshop  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Institute of Justice Stab-Resistant Body Armor Standard Workshop AGENCY: National Institute...of Meeting of the Stab-Resistant Body Armor Standard Workshop...focused on the NIJ Stab-Resistant Body Armor Standard. It is anticipated that the...

2011-06-15

231

SODA FOUNTAIN-LUNCHEONETTE EQUIPMENT AND APPURTENANCES. NATIONAL SANITATION FOUNDATION STANDARD NO. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS STANDARD OF SODA FOUNTAIN-LUNCHEONETTE EQUIPMENT IS THE FIRST IN A SERIES OF NATIONAL SANITATION FOUNDATION STANDARDS. THESE STANDARDS ARE ISSUED IN RECOGNITION OF THE LONG FELT NEED FOR A COMMON UNDERSTANDING OF THE PROBLEMS OF SANITATION INVOLVING INDUSTRIAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE HEALTH OFFICIALS WHOSE OBLIGATION IT IS TO ENFORCE REGULATIONS.…

National Sanitation Foundation, Ann Arbor, MI.

232

78 FR 65932 - Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Signage  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...rule revising its signage standards for general industry and construction. DATES: Effective November 4, 2013, OSHA...updating its signage standards for general industry and construction. In the DFR, OSHA stated that it would...

2013-11-04

233

National Cost-effectiveness of ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010 Compared to ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) completed this project for the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP). DOE’s BECP supports upgrading building energy codes and standards, and the states’ adoption, implementation, and enforcement of upgraded codes and standards. Building energy codes and standards set minimum requirements for energy-efficient design and construction for new and renovated buildings, and impact energy use and greenhouse gas emissions for the life of buildings. Continuous improvement of building energy efficiency is achieved by periodically upgrading energy codes and standards. Ensuring that changes in the code that may alter costs (for building components, initial purchase and installation, replacement, maintenance and energy) are cost-effective encourages their acceptance and implementation. ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1 is the energy standard for commercial and multi-family residential buildings over three floors.

Thornton, Brian; Halverson, Mark A.; Myer, Michael; Loper, Susan A.; Richman, Eric E.; Elliott, Douglas B.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Rosenberg, Michael I.

2013-11-30

234

40 CFR 52.2577 - Attainment dates for national standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...quality levels presently below secondary standard or are unclassifiable. d. December 31, 1982. e. December 31, 1987. f. 18-Month extension granted for plan submission and identification of attainment date. g. No attainment plan was...

2011-07-01

235

40 CFR 52.2577 - Attainment dates for national standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...quality levels presently below secondary standard or are unclassifiable. d. December 31, 1982. e. December 31, 1987. f. 18-Month extension granted for plan submission and identification of attainment date. g. No attainment plan was...

2014-07-01

236

40 CFR 52.2577 - Attainment dates for national standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...quality levels presently below secondary standard or are unclassifiable. d. December 31, 1982. e. December 31, 1987. f. 18-Month extension granted for plan submission and identification of attainment date. g. No attainment plan was...

2010-07-01

237

40 CFR 52.2577 - Attainment dates for national standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...quality levels presently below secondary standard or are unclassifiable. d. December 31, 1982. e. December 31, 1987. f. 18-Month extension granted for plan submission and identification of attainment date. g. No attainment plan was...

2013-07-01

238

40 CFR 52.2577 - Attainment dates for national standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...quality levels presently below secondary standard or are unclassifiable. d. December 31, 1982. e. December 31, 1987. f. 18-Month extension granted for plan submission and identification of attainment date. g. No attainment plan was...

2012-07-01

239

Color gamut assessment standard: construction, characterization and interlaboratory measurement comparison  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In earlier papers, NIST proposed a standard illumination source and optical filter targets with which to assess the state-of-the-art of display measurement. The Display Measurement Assessment Transfer Standard (DMATS) was designed to present the display metrologist with a rectangular array of targets such as color filters, polarizers, and grilles, back-lighted by uniform illumination, to be measured using methods and instruments typically used in display performance measurement. A "round robin" interlaboratory measurement exercise using the "standard" artifact suite would enable a first order assessment of display measurement reproducibility, i.e., measurement variability within the electronic display community. The rectangular array design of the DMATS was anticipated to present stray light and color contamination challenges to facilitate identification of error sources deriving from measurement protocols, laboratory environment, and equipment. However, complications in dealing with heating problems threatened to delay the planned laboratory intercomparison. The Gamut Assessment Standard (GAS) was thus designed as an interim solution to enable the NIST scientists and participating measurement laboratories to begin collecting data. The GAS consists of a 150 mm diameter integrating sphere standard illumination source with a stray light elimination tube (SLET) mounted at the exit port. A dual six-position filter wheel is mounted at the SLET exit port. One wheel holds a series of neutral density filters and a second interchangeable wheel holds various color filters. This paper describes the design and construction of the GAS, its initial performance characterization by NIST, and comparison measurements made at NPL. Possible design changes suggested by the results of the preliminary intercomparison are discussed, as are plans for future interlaboratory comparisons and potential use of the GAS as a transfer standard for laboratory self-certification.

Libert, John M.; Kelley, Edward F.; Boynton, Paul A.; Brown, Steven W.; Wall, Christine F.; Campbell, Colin

2003-07-01

240

Environmental Benefits and Performance Measures: Defining National Ecosystem Restoration and  

E-print Network

Environmental Benefits and Performance Measures: Defining National Ecosystem Restoration and how of Engineers #12;The Issue The Corps created an ecosystem restoration mission out of congressional authorities ecosystem services enough to reduce national welfare. Implementing projects under that mission requires

US Army Corps of Engineers

241

Development and status of data quality assurance program at NASA Langley research center: Toward national standards  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As part of a continuing effort to re-engineer the wind tunnel testing process, a comprehensive data quality assurance program is being established at NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC). The ultimate goal of the program is routing provision of tunnel-to-tunnel reproducibility with total uncertainty levels acceptable for test and evaluation of civilian transports. The operational elements for reaching such levels of reproducibility are: (1) statistical control, which provides long term measurement uncertainty predictability and a base for continuous improvement, (2) measurement uncertainty prediction, which provides test designs that can meet data quality expectations with the system's predictable variation, and (3) national standards, which provide a means for resolving tunnel-to-tunnel differences. The paper presents the LaRC design for the program and discusses the process of implementation.

Hemsch, Michael J.

1996-01-01

242

40 CFR 52.2375 - Attainment dates for national standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Vermont § 52.2375 Attainment dates for national...dates reflect the information presented in Vermont's plan. Air quality control region...Remainder of County a a a a a b Vermont Valley Air Management Area a a...

2014-07-01

243

40 CFR 52.2375 - Attainment dates for national standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Vermont § 52.2375 Attainment dates for national...dates reflect the information presented in Vermont's plan. Air quality control region...Remainder of County a a a a a b Vermont Valley Air Management Area a a...

2012-07-01

244

40 CFR 52.2375 - Attainment dates for national standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Vermont § 52.2375 Attainment dates for national...dates reflect the information presented in Vermont's plan. Air quality control region...Remainder of County a a a a a b Vermont Valley Air Management Area a a...

2010-07-01

245

40 CFR 52.2375 - Attainment dates for national standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Vermont § 52.2375 Attainment dates for national...dates reflect the information presented in Vermont's plan. Air quality control region...Remainder of County a a a a a b Vermont Valley Air Management Area a a...

2011-07-01

246

40 CFR 52.2375 - Attainment dates for national standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Vermont § 52.2375 Attainment dates for national...dates reflect the information presented in Vermont's plan. Air quality control region...Remainder of County a a a a a b Vermont Valley Air Management Area a a...

2013-07-01

247

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants—Calendar Year 2013 INL Report for Radionuclides (2014)  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the calendar year 2011 radionuclide air emissions and resulting effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public from operations at the Department of Energy’s Idaho National Laboratory Site. This report was prepared in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, “Protection of the Environment,” Part 61, “National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants,” Subpart H, “National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other than Radon from Department of Energy Facilities.” The effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public was 4.58E-02 mrem per year, 0.46 percent of the 10 mrem standard.

Mark Verdoorn; Tom Haney

2014-06-01

248

Standard uncertainty in each measurement result explicit or implicit  

Microsoft Academic Search

Concepts given in the ISO Guide will have the chance to be used widely in science, engineering, industry and commerce only if their realizations will be simple enough. According to the ISO Guide the complete statement of a measurement result should contain information about standard uncertainty of measurement. Because the uncertainty was traditionally expressed as confidence interval, the ISO Guide

Zdenko Godec

1997-01-01

249

Expanded polystyrene board as a standard reference material for thermal resistance measurement systems  

SciTech Connect

Thermal conductivity measurements at room temperature are presented as the basis for certified values of Standard Reference Material 1453, Expanded Polystyrene Board. The measurements have been conducted in accordance with a randomized full factorial experimental design of two variables, bulk density and temperature, using the National Institute of Standards and Technology one-meter line-heat-source guarded hot plate. Uncertainties of the measurements, consistent with current international guidelines, have been prepared. The thermal conductivity measurements were conducted over a range of bulk density of 37.4 to 45.8 kg/m{sup 3} and mean temperature of 281 to 313 K. Statistical analyses of the physical properties of Standard Reference Material 1453 are presented and include variations between boards, as well as within board.

Zarr, R.R. [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States)

1997-11-01

250

Acceptance Factors Influencing Adoption of National Institute of Standards and Technology Information Security Standards: A Quantitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adoption of a comprehensive information security governance model and security controls is the best option organizations may have to protect their information assets and comply with regulatory requirements. Understanding acceptance factors of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Risk Management Framework (RMF) comprehensive…

Kiriakou, Charles M.

2012-01-01

251

NIST New Humidity Standard for Water Vapor Measurements in Troposphere and Stratosphere  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) realizes, maintains, and disseminates the national measurement standards for humidity and that for many years it has provided industry, government and academia a service for the calibration of water vapor-measuring instruments. NIST has developed a precision humidity standard, based on the principle of divided flow, for producing air of known mixing ratios in the range 0.5 ppm to 1050 ppm by volume with a maximum expanded uncertainty (coverage factor k=2, corresponding to approximately 95% confidence level) of 0.26 % of the value. This high accuracy is accomplished by combining precise flow element standards with high purity mass flow controllers. Specific mixing ratios at the desired volumetric flow rate are determined by activating the appropriate valves via a computer-controlled multiplexer. The wet gas stream is produced by operating a standard saturator maintained at a constant temperature 1 °C and pressure 0.3 MPa in order to achieve a combined uncertainty of 0.1 % of 2214 ppm by volume in water vapor concentration. The new NIST standard can be used to calibrate various hygrometers currently used for atmospheric water vapor measurements in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere, such as atmospheric pressure ionization mass spectrometer (APIMS), chemical ionization mass spectrometer (CIMS), infrared optical hygrometer, chilled-mirror frost-point hygrometer, Lyman-alpha hygrometer and microwave refractometer. A laboratory calibration provides essentially the Type B standard uncertainty of the mean value measured by a hygrometer as mentioned above. Type A evaluation of standard uncertainty, which characterize the dispersion of the observed values about their mean, is then combined to determine the expanded uncertainty of a measurand. It is essential that field instruments receive basic calibration under carefully controlled laboratory conditions. NIST calibrations may help resolve the long-standing discrepancies observed in water vapor measurements from aircraft platforms.

Huang, P.

2012-12-01

252

National Apprenticeship and Training Standards for Dental Technicians. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guidebook presents a systematic and uniform method for training dental technicians throughout the industry, incorporating basic standards recommended by the Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training. The first section defines terminology and establishes rules and regulations regarding apprentices and apprenticeship programs in 16 areas, including…

National Association of Dental Labs., Inc., Washington, DC.

253

FCS National Standards: Do They Underpin Secondary Curriculum?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on the seven standards that are included in a comprehensive (family-oriented) FCS program: (1) Family; (2) Nutrition and Wellness; (3) Human Development; (4) Interpersonal relationships; (5) Career, Community, and Family Connections; (6) Parenting; and (7) Family and Community Services. The study was conducted to better…

Smith, Bettye P.; Hall, Helen C.; Jones, Karen H.

2005-01-01

254

Agricultural Biotechnology Technician. National Voluntary Occupational Skill Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The skill standards in this document were developed as a result of meetings between representatives of the agricultural industry and educational institutions to determine the skills and educational preparation required of an agricultural biotechnology technician, verified by technicians working in laboratories, greenhouses, animal facilities, and…

National Future Farmers of America Foundation, Madison, WI.

255

USDA NATIONAL NUTRIENT DATABASE FOR STANDARD REFERENCE, RELEASE 19  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 19 contains data for 7,291 food items for up to 140 food components when a complete profile is available for a food item. It replaces the previous release, SR18, issued in August 2005. Data in SR19 supersede values in the printed Handbooks a...

256

USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 20  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 20 contains data for 7,517 food items for up to 140 food components when a complete profile is available for a food item. It replaces the previous release, SR19, issued in August 2006. Data in SR20 supersede values in printed USDA handbooks ...

257

USDA NATIONAL NUTRIENT DATABASE FOR STANDARD REFERENCE, RELEASE NO. 18  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 18 contains data for 7,147 food items for up to 136 food components when a complete profile is available for a food item. It replaces the previous release, SR17, issued in August 2004. Data in SR18 supersede values in the printed Handbooks a...

258

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Calendar Year 2006  

SciTech Connect

The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is operated by the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO). From 1951 through 1992, the NTS was operated as the nation's site for nuclear weapons testing. The release of man-made radionuclides from the NTS as a result of testing activities has been monitored since the first decade of atmospheric testing. After 1962, when nuclear tests were conducted only underground, the radiation exposure to the public surrounding the NTS was greatly reduced. After the 1992 moratorium on nuclear testing, radiation monitoring on the NTS focused on detecting airborne radionuclides which come from historically-contaminated soils resuspended into the air (e.g., by winds) and tritium-contaminated soil moisture emitted to the air from soils through evapotranspiration.

NSTec Environmental Technical Services

2007-06-01

259

National and International Approaches to Occupational Standard Setting Within Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational exposure limits (OELs) for chemicals in workroom air have been published in more than 70 countries. However, few countries generate or update their national lists of OELs independently. The acronym {open_quotes}OEL{close_quotes} is used here as a general term independent of what it is called in an individual country. OELs may be recommendations or they may have a legal status.

Per Lundberg

1994-01-01

260

Standardization of ABO Antibody Titer Measurement at Laboratories in Korea  

PubMed Central

Background Measurement of the ABO antibody (Ab) titer is important in ABO-incompatible transplantation. However, to the best of our knowledge, no standard protocol or external survey program to measure the ABO Ab titer has been established in Korea. We investigated the current status of ABO Ab titer measurements at various laboratories in Korea and the impact of the protocol provided to reduce interlaboratory variations in the methods and results of ABO Ab titers. Methods The Korean external quality assessment of blood bank laboratories sent external survey samples with a questionnaire to 68 laboratories across Korea for the measurement of ABO Ab titers in May 2012. After 6 months, a second set of survey samples were sent with a standard protocol to 53 of the previously surveyed laboratories. The protocol recommended incubation at room temperature only and use of the indirect antihuman globulin method for the tube test as well as and the column agglutination test (CAT). Results Several interlaboratory variations were observed in the results, technical procedures, and methods selected for measurement. We found that 80.4% laboratories hoped to change their protocol to the provisional one. Additionally, CAT showed significantly lower variation among laboratories (P=0.006) than the tube test. Conclusions Our study provides baseline data regarding the current status of ABO Ab titer measurement in Korea. The standard protocol and external survey were helpful to standardize the technical procedures and select methods for ABO Ab titer measurement. PMID:25368821

Kang, Seon Joo

2014-01-01

261

Chip-Scale Atomic Frequency References John Kitching, The National Institute of Standards and Technology  

E-print Network

Hollberg, The National Institute of Standards and Technology BIOGRAPHY John Kitching Dr. Kitching received International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division, 13-16 September 2005, Long Beach, CA #12;studying

Popovic, Zoya

262

PREDICTING THE IMPACT OF TROPOSPHERIC OZONE ON ECOLOGICAL RESOURCES FOR SETTING NATIONAL AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS  

EPA Science Inventory

The Clean Air Act provides for establishing National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) to protect public welfare (including crops, forests, ecosystems, and soils) from adverrse effects of air pollutants, including tropospheric ozone. The formulation of policies is science-bas...

263

77 FR 14324 - National Volatile Organic Compound Emission Standards for Aerosol Coatings-Addition of Dimethyl...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...is a rule that establishes national reactivity-based emission standards for the aerosol coatings category (aerosol spray paints) under the Clean Air Act. This proposed action adds three compounds: dimethyl carbonate, benzotrifluoride, and...

2012-03-09

264

Rational national standards initiative (RNSI) for the installation restoration program  

SciTech Connect

The RNSI, a risk management tool, provides a means for establishing cleanup standards based on risk and proposed land use consistent with those proposed in the Superfund reauthorization process. ACC, with the help of its installations, is implementing RNSI to take a proactive approach towards cleanup at its installations. The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) of 1980, as amended by the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA) of 1986, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) of 1976, the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments (HSWA) of 1984, and amendments, and implementing regulations require the Air Force to clean up contaminated sites. RCRA and CERCLA cleanup standards are based on health risk but, due to the default use of conservative parameters and unrealistic assumptions in baseline risk assessment, cleanup levels are often based on unlikely scenarios. Cleanup strategies for contaminated sites need to be based on future land use. RNSI is a marriage of anticipated future land use and risk based clean-up levels. The objectives of this initiative are to: (1) identify land use/reuse options for active Installation Restoration Program (IRP) sites and (2) to establish risk based cleanup standards consistent with land reuse options.

Ross, J.; Wang, V.; Warren, T. [Headquarters Air Combat Command, Langley AFB, VA (United States). Environmental Programs Div.

1994-12-31

265

75 FR 16459 - Draft Document Related to the Review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Air Quality Standards for Particulate Matter AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency...Assessment for the Review of the Particulate Matter National Ambient Air Quality Standards...Assessment for the Review of the Particulate Matter National Ambient Air Quality...

2010-04-01

266

76 FR 20347 - Release of Draft Integrated Review Plan for the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Lead  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...FRL-9292-8] Release of Draft Integrated Review Plan for the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for...for public review the draft Integrated Review Plan for the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Lead (draft IRP). This...

2011-04-12

267

77 FR 28423 - Final Rule To Implement the 1997 8-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Implement the 1997 8-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard: Classification...Implement the 1997 8-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard: Classification...requirements. Once the ozone air quality in these areas meets...

2012-05-14

268

40 CFR Appendix S to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen (Nitrogen Dioxide) S Appendix S to Part 50 Protection...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen (Nitrogen Dioxide) 1. General (a)...

2014-07-01

269

Ground-based Measurements of Next Generation Spectroradiometric Standard Stars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Accurate, radiometric standards are essential to the future of ground- and space-based astronomy and astrophysics. While astronomers tend to think of “standard stars” as available calibration sources, progress at NIST to accurately calibrate inexpensive, easy to use photodiode detectors as spectroradiometric standards from 200 nm to 1800 nm allows referencing astronomical measurements to these devices. Direction-, time-, and wavelength-dependent transmission of Earth’s atmosphere is the single largest source of error for ground-based radiometric measurement of astronomical objects. Measurements and impacts of atmospheric extinction - scattering and absorption - on imaging radiometric and spectroradiometric measurements are described. The conclusion is that accurate real-time measurement of extinction in the column of atmosphere through which standard star observations are made, over the spectral region being observed and over the field of view of the telescope are required. New techniques to directly and simultaneously measure extinction in the column of atmosphere through which observations are made are required. Our direct extinction measurement solution employs three small facility-class instruments working in parallel: a lidar to measure rapidly time variable transmission at three wavelengths with uncertainty of 0.25% per airmass, a spectrophotometer to measure rapidly wavelength variable extinction with sub-1% precision per nanometer resolution element from 350 to 1050nm, and a wide-field camera to measure angularly variable extinction over the field of view. These instruments and their operation will be described. We assert that application of atmospheric metadata provided by this instrument suite corrects for a significant fraction of systematic errors currently limiting radiometric precision, and provides a major step towards measurements that are provably dominated by random noise.

McGraw, John T.

2013-01-01

270

Improving EPMA Standards and Standards Measurement by Updating Correction Parameters, Refining Measurement Procedures, and Accounting for Surface Coatings (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A modern, well-tuned electron microprobe is capable of measuring relative x-ray intensities with a precision of 0.1-0.2%, as determined by replicate measurements of the same sample and standard. Ideally, the measurement of a sample and standard quite close in composition should produce an answer whose accuracy approaches the measurement precision. Yet such levels of accuracy are exceedingly difficult to achieve, even within a factor of five of this. EPMA results, when samples and standards differ considerably in composition (or when the compositions of standard are imprecisely known), are commonly considered to have an analytical uncertainty of 3-5%. Many EPMA applications require better than that. The EPMA group at the Geophysical Laboratory has been using a common set of silicate standards for >20 years. Many of these standards were synthesized at the laboratory and are used by numerous other geological EPMA labs. We have two mounts of these standards and are in the process of measuring them vs. each other and from one mount to the other to determine their self-consistency and the degree to which we can decrease our analytical uncertainties. We are using multiple correction procedures (employing the CITZAF and Monte Carlo correction programs) and multiple accelerating potential (MAP) analysis to test the effects of the correction parameters and surface coatings on the measurements. Results so far indicate that a number of the standards differ to minor extents from their nominal compositions, that there are reproducible internal inconsistencies in calculated compositions depending on the correction algorithms employed, and that differences in carbon coat (and surface oxidation) thickness both within and between standard mounts significantly degrade the results. Re-estimation of standard composition (or replacement by other materials), upgrading of outdated correction parameters (particularly mean ionization potentials, ionization cross section estimates, and mass absorption coefficients), and utilization of layered specimen corrections to account for surface oxidation and carbon (or Au, Pt, Cr, Al…) coating thickness can reduce the analytical uncertainties by more than a factor of three. We will describe the methodology we employ, show results to date, and propose improved estimates of the composition of several of our widely used synthetic silicate standards.

Armstrong, J. T.

2009-12-01

271

A standard for measuring metadata quality in spectral libraries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A standard for measuring metadata quality in spectral libraries Barbara Rasaiah, Simon Jones, Chris Bellman RMIT University Melbourne, Australia barbara.rasaiah@rmit.edu.au, simon.jones@rmit.edu.au, chris.bellman@rmit.edu.au ABSTRACT There is an urgent need within the international remote sensing community to establish a metadata standard for field spectroscopy that ensures high quality, interoperable metadata sets that can be archived and shared efficiently within Earth observation data sharing systems. Metadata are an important component in the cataloguing and analysis of in situ spectroscopy datasets because of their central role in identifying and quantifying the quality and reliability of spectral data and the products derived from them. This paper presents approaches to measuring metadata completeness and quality in spectral libraries to determine reliability, interoperability, and re-useability of a dataset. Explored are quality parameters that meet the unique requirements of in situ spectroscopy datasets, across many campaigns. Examined are the challenges presented by ensuring that data creators, owners, and data users ensure a high level of data integrity throughout the lifecycle of a dataset. Issues such as field measurement methods, instrument calibration, and data representativeness are investigated. The proposed metadata standard incorporates expert recommendations that include metadata protocols critical to all campaigns, and those that are restricted to campaigns for specific target measurements. The implication of semantics and syntax for a robust and flexible metadata standard are also considered. Approaches towards an operational and logistically viable implementation of a quality standard are discussed. This paper also proposes a way forward for adapting and enhancing current geospatial metadata standards to the unique requirements of field spectroscopy metadata quality. [0430] BIOGEOSCIENCES / Computational methods and data processing [0480] BIOGEOSCIENCES / Remote sensing [1904] INFORMATICS / Community standards [1912] INFORMATICS / Data management, preservation, rescue [1926] INFORMATICS / Geospatial [1930] INFORMATICS / Data and information governance [1946] INFORMATICS / Metadata [1952] INFORMATICS / Modeling [1976] INFORMATICS / Software tools and services [9810] GENERAL OR MISCELLANEOUS / New fields

Rasaiah, B.; Jones, S. D.; Bellman, C.

2013-12-01

272

National Educators' Workshop: Update 1988. Standard Experiments in Engineering Materials Science and Technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Presented here is a collection of experiments presented and demonstrated at the National Educators' Workshop: Update 88, held May 10 to 12, 1988 at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersberg, Maryland. The experiments related to the nature and properties of engineering materials and provided information to assist in teaching about materials in the education community.

Gardner, James E. (compiler); Jacobs, James A. (compiler)

1990-01-01

273

An Assessment of Influences on the Implementation of the National Geography Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper contributes to the dearth of literature on the implementation of the National Geography Standards. A survey instrument was sent to Teacher Consultants from 25 randomly selected Geography Education Alliances. Based on the data presented we concluded that there is a relationship between the implementation of the National Geography…

Gandy, S. Kay; Kruger, Darrell P.

2004-01-01

274

Accomplishing the Visions for Professional Development of Teachers Advocated in the National Science Education Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Science Education Standards include suggested visions for changing staff development programs for preparing new teachers and working with inservice teachers. Analyzing the visions for the most successful programs precedes the identification of programs that best match the NSES visions. The National Science Teachers Association is…

Yager, Robert E.

2005-01-01

275

A Blueprint for Empowering Families: The National Standards for Family-School Partnerships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The six National Standards for Family-School Partnerships provide a research-based framework for strengthening family engagement programs, activities, and policies by shifting the focus from what schools should do to involve parents, to what parents, schools, and communities can do together to support student success. An adjunct to the National

Wilson, Sherri

2012-01-01

276

The National Education Goals Report. Commonly Asked Questions about Standards and Assessments. Executive Summary, 1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This executive summary of the National Educational Goals Report 1996 serves as a barometer of the U.S.'s progress toward the National Education Goals defined in early 1990. This year's report, sixth in a series of annual reports planned through the year 2000, focuses on standards and assessments, two areas of educational reform which are currently…

National Education Goals Panel, Washington, DC.

277

Leadership for Change: National Standards for Family and Consumer Sciences Education. Family and Consumer Sciences Teacher Education. Yearbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 27 papers on the development of national standards for family and consumer sciences (FACS) education. The following papers are included: "Leadership for Change: Developing the National Standards" (Peggy Wild); "National Standards Model" (Wanda S. Fox); "Reasoning for Action" (Wanda S. Fox, Janet F. Laster); "Career, Community,…

Vail, Ann, Ed.; Fox, Wanda S., Ed.; Wild, Peggy, Ed.

278

Methods of Imputation used in the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Objective: To present the predominate methods of imputing used to estimate nutrient values for foods in the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference (SR20). Materials and Methods: The USDA Nutrient Data Laboratory developed standard methods for imputing nutrient values for foods wh...

279

Chasing Legitimacy: The US National Music Standards Viewed through a Critical Theorist Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the US National Music Standards from two perspectives. The study situates the status of music education as a marginalized society and postulates that the standards are a by product of larger forces and powerful assumptions. In order to better understand how these forces might have influenced the development and adoption of the…

Benedict, Cathy

2006-01-01

280

National Apprenticeship Standards for Cement Masonry, Asphalt, and Composition Trade. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These national standards are designed to guide local joint apprenticeship and training committees in establishing local apprenticeship programs to train individuals seeking to become skilled in the cement masonry, asphalt, and composition trade. Covered in the individual sections are the following topics: provisions of the apprenticeship standards

Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training.

281

Politics and the History Curriculum: The Struggle over Standards in Texas and the Nation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The politicians and pastors who revised the Texas social studies standards made national and international headlines. However, much of that coverage was sensational and squeezed the process into a narrow "culture war" storyline. Politics and the History Curriculum sets the debate over the Texas standards within a broader context by exploring the…

Erekson, Keith A., Ed.

2012-01-01

282

Opportunity Knocks! Inquiry, the New National Social Studies and Science Standards, and You  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To be recognized and adopted, the promise and potential of national standards must validate the instructional role of the school librarian and build formative knowledge through authentic process and products. Inquiry is a direct link to those dimensions. Standards that are rigorous and relevant optimize the developing brain's affinity for…

Ratzer, Mary Boyd

2014-01-01

283

Checking Your Alignment: EPO Activities and National/State/District Science Education Standards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this workshop, participants gained familiarity with the specific science content and pedagogical standards at the national, state, and local district level. Through the use of case studies, participants gained concrete experience in developing and revising EPO astronomy activities for alignment to specific, grade-related standards.

Larsen, K.; Bednarski, M.

2008-06-01

284

Moderation of Assessment: An Introduction for National Standards Bodies. Developing a Qualifications Framework for New Zealand.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides a decision tree to guide the thinking of the staff of New Zealand agencies developing national education and certification standards. It is intended to help them make decisions about moderation of assessment--a process of sampling assessments to ensure that they are consistent with the required standard. After an…

New Zealand Qualifications Authority, Wellington.

285

78 FR 3085 - National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Particulate Matter  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

Based on its review of the air quality criteria and the national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) for particulate matter (PM), the EPA is making revisions to the suite of standards for PM to provide requisite protection of public health and welfare and to make corresponding revisions to the data handling conventions for PM and to the ambient air monitoring, reporting, and network design......

2013-01-15

286

AT THE THRESHOLD: A NATIONAL CONSENSUS QUALITY SYSTEMS STANDARD FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMS  

EPA Science Inventory

Since 1989, efforts have been under way by the Energy & Environmental Quality Division to develop a national consensus standard for quality systems for environmental programs. he proposed standard, ANSI/ASQC E4-19xx, Quality Systems Requirements for Environmental Programs, has ju...

287

MMIC related metrology at the National Institute of Standards and Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1989 a long-range program was instituted at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) specifically directed at developing improved metrology methods and standards to support microwave monolithic integrated circuit (MMIC) technology. The authors describe how the program was developed, the modes of interaction with the industrial community and the DARPA MMIC initiative, and the particular projects being undertaken

G. Reeve; R. Marks; D. Blackburn

1990-01-01

288

National Association of Diversity Officers in Higher Education Standards of Professional Practice for Chief Diversity Officers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Association of Diversity Officers in Higher Education (NADOHE) have developed and approved Standards of Professional Practice for Chief Diversity Officers (CDOs). The standards established in this document are a formative advancement toward the increased professionalization of the CDO in institutions of higher education. These…

Worthington, Roger L.; Stanley, Christine A.; Lewis, William T., Sr.

2014-01-01

289

Implementation of ISO 10110 optics drawing standards for the National Ignition Facility  

SciTech Connect

LLNL plans to specify optical components for the National Ignition Facility according to ISO 10110, the new international standard for preparation of optics drawings. The standards have been approved by the international optics community and represent a fairly comprehensive language for describing optical components. We will describe our plan for implementation and experience to date in doing so.

English, R.E. Jr.; Aikens, D.M.; Whistler, W.T. [and others

1995-07-07

290

Strict Scrutiny: An Analysis of National Standards on Civic Education through the Perspectives of Contemporary Theorists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on the most recent standards movement and the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) framework for civics and government, this paper attempts to use the standards and framework to construct a synthesis model of civic education, to analyze the model through the perspectives of five civic education theorists, and to subject the…

Vontz, Thomas S.

291

40 CFR 50.5 - National secondary ambient air quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ambient air quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). 50.5 Section...ambient air quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). (a) The...shall be rounded up). (b) Sulfur oxides shall be measured in the ambient...

2012-07-01

292

40 CFR 50.5 - National secondary ambient air quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ambient air quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). 50.5 Section...ambient air quality standard for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide). (a) The...shall be rounded up). (b) Sulfur oxides shall be measured in the ambient...

2013-07-01

293

Quantum metrology. Optically measuring force near the standard quantum limit.  

PubMed

The Heisenberg uncertainty principle sets a lower bound on the noise in a force measurement based on continuously detecting a mechanical oscillator's position. This bound, the standard quantum limit, can be reached when the oscillator subjected to the force is unperturbed by its environment and when measurement imprecision from photon shot noise is balanced against disturbance from measurement back-action. We applied an external force to the center-of-mass motion of an ultracold atom cloud in a high-finesse optical cavity and measured the resulting motion optically. When the driving force is resonant with the cloud's oscillation frequency, we achieve a sensitivity that is a factor of 4 above the standard quantum limit and consistent with theoretical predictions given the atoms' residual thermal disturbance and the photodetection quantum efficiency. PMID:24970079

Schreppler, Sydney; Spethmann, Nicolas; Brahms, Nathan; Botter, Thierry; Barrios, Maryrose; Stamper-Kurn, Dan M

2014-06-27

294

National Institute of Standards & Technology Certificate of Analysis  

E-print Network

the ISO/NIST Guide [10]. Informational Values: Information values for SRM 2687, expressed as mass: The certification of this SRM is valid, within the measurement uncertainties specified, until 01 December 2007, and distribution of crystals [1,2]. Certified Values: The certified values for SRM 2687 expressed as mass fractions

Bentz, Dale P.

295

National Institute of Standards & Technology Certificate of Analysis  

E-print Network

the ISO/NIST Guide [10]. Informational Values: Information values for SRM 2688, expressed as mass: The certification of this SRM is valid, within the measurement uncertainties specified, until 01 December 2007, and distribution of crystals [1,2]. Certified Values: The certified values for SRM 2688 expressed as mass fractions

Bentz, Dale P.

296

Standards for stable isotope measurements in natural compounds  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESEARCH based on stable isotope variations in natural compounds is expanding in scientific fields such as geochemistry, hydrology, environmental studies and biochemistry. However, intercomparison of results obtained in different laboratories is often not fully reliable and therefore to improve the intercalibration of deuterium and 18O measurements in natural waters, two water standards have been distributed by the International Atomic Energy

R. Gonfiantini

1978-01-01

297

A Comparison of Standard and Nonstandard Measures of Malt Quality  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The objectives of this study were to determine if six highly elite malting barley cultivars could be distinguished from each other by using univariate and multivariate statistics to analyze nine standard and 22 nonstandard measures of malting quality. Simple linear regression revealed cultivar diff...

298

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Submittal - 1998  

SciTech Connect

The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is operated by the U.S. Department of Energy Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV) as the site for nuclear weapons testing, now limited to readiness activities and experiments in support of the national Stockpile Stewardship Management Program. It is located in Nye County, Nevada, with the southeast corner about 105 km (65 mi) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada. The NTS covers about 3,500 km2 (1,350 mi2), an area larger than Rhode Island. Its size is about 46 to 56 km (28 to 35 mi) east to west and from 64 to 88 km (40 to 55 mi)north to south. The NTS is surrounded, except on the south side, by public exclusion areas (Nellis Air Force Range) that provide another 24 to 104 km (15 to 65 mi) between the NTS and public lands. The NTS is characterized by desert valley and Great Basin mountain topography, with a climate, flora, and fauna typical of the southwest deserts. Surface waters are scarce on the NTS and there is great depth to slow-moving groundwater.

Stuart Black; Yvonne Townsend

1999-06-01

299

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Calendar Year 1999  

SciTech Connect

The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is operated by the US Department of Energy's Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV) as the site for nuclear weapons testing, now limited to readiness activities and experiments in support of the national Stockpile Stewardship Management Program. It is located in Nye County, Nevada, with the southeast corner about 105 km (65 mi) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada. The NTS covers about 3,561 km{sup 2} (1,375 mi{sup 2}), an area larger than Rhode Island. Its size is about 46 to 56 km (28 to 35 mi) east to west and from 64 to 88 km (40 to 55 mi) north to south. The NTS is surrounded, except on the south side, by public exclusion areas (Nellis Air Force Range [NAFR]) that provide another 24 to 104 km (15 to 65 mi) between the NTS and public lands. The NTS is characterized by desert valley and Great Basin mountain topography, with a climate, flora, and fauna typical of the southwest deserts. Population density within 150 km (93 mi) of the NTS is only about 0.2 persons per square kilometer, excluding the Las Vegas area. Restricted access, low population density in the surrounding area, and extended wind transport times are advantageous factors for the activities conducted at the NTS. Surface waters are scarce on the NTS and there is great depth to slow-moving groundwater.

R. F. Grossman

2000-06-01

300

75 FR 19310 - Delegation of New Source Performance Standards and National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Parts 60, 61, and 63 [EPA-R06-OAR-2006-0851; FRL-9137-1] Delegation...as amended through July 1, 2008, for both 40 CFR part 61 and 63 standards. The rule also incorporates by reference certain...

2010-04-14

301

A Standardized measure: NDNQI nursing care hours indicator.  

PubMed

Although nursing care hours (NCH) is commonly used to examine factors related to adverse events among inpatients, the reliability of the NCH measure has rarely been examined. This study assessed the reliability of NCH data from the National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators® by estimating intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) with data from the California Office for Statewide Health Planning and Development. Hospital-level aggregated NCH data for critical care units were linked from each of the databases for 48 California hospitals matched in the two databases. Estimated ICCs were .96 for registered nurse (RN) hours and .72 for non-RN hours. Findings provide evidence that NCH data of the national database were substantially reliable for use in national comparable benchmarking reports for hospitals' quality improvement activities and research. PMID:24003034

Choi, JiSun; Boyle, Diane K; Dunton, Nancy

2014-01-01

302

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Calendar Year 2001  

SciTech Connect

The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is operated by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Operations Office (NNSA/NV) as the site for nuclear weapons testing, now limited to readiness activities, experiments in support of the national Stockpile Stewardship Program, and the activities listed below. Located in Nye County, Nevada, the site's southeast corner is about 88 km (55 mi) northwest of the major population center, Las Vegas, Nevada. The NTS covers about 3,561 km2 (1,375 mi2), an area larger than Rhode Island. Its size is 46 to 56 km (28 to 35 mi) east to west and from 64 to 88 km (40 to 55 mi) north to south. The NTS is surrounded, except on the south side, by public exclusion areas (Nellis Air Force Range [NAFR]) that provide another 24 to 104 km (15 to 65 mi) between the NTS and public lands (Figure 1.0). The NTS is characterized by desert valley and Great Basin mountain topography, with a climate, flora, and fauna typical of the southwest deserts. Population density within 150 km (93 mi) of the NTS is only about 0.2 persons per square kilometer, excluding the Las Vegas area. Restricted access, low population density in the surrounding area, and extended wind transport times are advantageous factors for the activities conducted at the NTS. Surface waters are scarce on the NTS, and slow-moving groundwater is present hundreds to thousands of feet below the land surface. The sources of radionuclides include current and previous activities conducted on the NTS (Figure 2.0). The NTS was the primary location for testing of nuclear explosives in the Continental U.S. between 1951 and 1992. Historical testing above or at ground surface has included (1) atmospheric testing in the 1950s and early 1960s, (2) earth-cratering experiments, and (3) open-air nuclear reactor and rocket engine testing. Since the mid-1950s, testing of nuclear explosive devices has occurred underground in drilled vertical holes or in mined tunnels (DOE 1996a). No such tests have been conducted since September 23, 1992 (DOE 2000). Limited non-nuclear testing includes spills of hazardous materials at the Hazardous Materials Spill Center, private technology development, aerospace and demilitarization activities, and site remediating activities. Processing of radioactive materials is limited to laboratory analyses, and handling is restricted to transport, storage, and assembly of nuclear explosive devices and operation of radioactive waste management sites (RWMSs) for low-level radioactive and mixed waste (DOE 1996a). Monitoring and evaluation of the various activities conducted onsite indicate that the potential sources of offsite radiation exposure in CY 2001 were releases from (1) evaporation of tritiated water (HTO) from containment ponds that receive drainage water from E Tunnel in Area 12 and from discharges of two wells (Well U-3cn PS No. 2 and Well ER-20-5 No.3) into lined ponds, (2) onsite radio analytical laboratories, (3) the Area 5 RWMS (RWMS-5) facility, and (4) diffuse sources of tritium and re- suspension of plutonium and americium. The following sections present a general description of the present sources on the NTS and at the North Las Vegas Facility.

Y. E. Townsend

2002-06-01

303

Final Report: Comparison of the primary (national) standards of low-pressure gas flow  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The EURAMET.M.FF-K6 comparison was organized for the purpose of determination of the degree of equivalence of the primary (national) standards for low-pressure gas flow measurement over the range (2 to 100) m3/h and was performed simultaneously with CCM.FF-K6.2011 with the same transfer standard. A rotary gas meter G65 was used as a transfer standard. The measurements were provided by prescribed reference conditions. Fifteen laboratories from EURAMET participated in this key comparison - SMU, Slovakia; PTB, Germany; CEM, Spain; LNE-LADG, France; VSL, Netherlands; CMI, Czech Republic; BEV, Austria; MKEH, Hungary; GUM Poland; SP, Sweden; METAS, Switzerland; DMDM, Serbia; TUBITAK-UME, Turkey; EIM, Greece; IMBiH, Bosnia-Herzegovina. The EURAMET.M.FF-K6 is linked to the CCM.FF-K6.2011 by correcting the results of three linking laboratories (Slovakia SMU, Germany PTB and France LNE LADG). This correction provides an estimate of what would have been the result from the EURAMET.M-FF-K6 participants, if they had actually participated in CCM.FF-K6.2011. According to the evaluation 93.7 % of the results were consistent with KCRV, 3.4 % of the results were in the warning level and 2.9 % of the results were inconsistent. The results of this comparison can be used for review of the CMC tables. Main text. To reach the main text of this paper, click on Final Report. Note that this text is that which appears in Appendix B of the BIPM key comparison database kcdb.bipm.org/. The final report has been peer-reviewed and approved for publication by CCM, according to the provisions of the CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement (CIPM MRA).

Benková, Miroslava; Makovnik, Stefan; Mickan, Bodo

2015-01-01

304

Standardization of xenon-127 and measurement of photon emission intensities.  

PubMed

Xenon-127 was standardized by internal gas counting using three proportional counters in a differential arrangement to eliminate edge effects. The detection efficiency of the proportional counters was calculated by considering the cascade of events following the electron capture and associated gamma transitions. Activity per unit volume was measured with 0.7% relative standard uncertainty. Gamma-ray spectrometry was performed and absolute photon emission intensities were derived. This study shows that (127)Xe could be a surrogate for (133)Xe for the calibration of remote radio-xenon monitoring stations. PMID:24360861

Rodrigues, M; Lépy, M-C; Cassette, P; Mougeot, X; Bé, M M

2014-05-01

305

Standardization of Solar Mirror Reflectance Measurements - Round Robin Test: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Within the SolarPaces Task III standardization activities, DLR, CIEMAT, and NREL have concentrated on optimizing the procedure to measure the reflectance of solar mirrors. From this work, the laboratories have developed a clear definition of the method and requirements needed of commercial instruments for reliable reflectance results. A round robin test was performed between the three laboratories with samples that represent all of the commercial solar mirrors currently available for concentrating solar power (CSP) applications. The results show surprisingly large differences in hemispherical reflectance (sh) of 0.007 and specular reflectance (ss) of 0.004 between the laboratories. These differences indicate the importance of minimum instrument requirements and standardized procedures. Based on these results, the optimal procedure will be formulated and validated with a new round robin test in which a better accuracy is expected. Improved instruments and reference standards are needed to reach the necessary accuracy for cost and efficiency calculations.

Meyen, S.; Lupfert, E.; Fernandez-Garcia, A.; Kennedy, C.

2010-10-01

306

National BTS bronchiectasis audit 2012: is the quality standard being adhered to in adult secondary care?  

PubMed

A significant step towards improving care of patients with non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis was the creation of the British Thoracic Society (BTS) national guidelines and the quality standard. A BTS bronchiectasis audit was conducted between 1 October and 30 November 2012, in adult patients with bronchiectasis attending secondary care, against the BTS quality standard. Ninety-eight institutions took part, submitting a total of 3147 patient records. The audit highlighted the variable adoption of the quality standard. It will allow the host institutions to benchmark against UK figures and drive quality improvement programmes to promote the quality standard and improve patient care. PMID:23878159

Hill, Adam T; Routh, Chris; Welham, Sally

2014-03-01

307

Mobile Nondestructive Assay (NDA) Measurements of Standard Waste Boxes (SWB)  

SciTech Connect

A mobile NDA system was composed and qualified for Safeguards measurements of multiple standard waste boxes (SWB) generated as a result of clean-out activities at Hanford’s Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP). The system included a neutron slab counter and high purity germanium (HPGe) detector. PC/FRAM software was used to determine the isotopic composition of plutonium residue contained in the waste in order to interpret two independent measurement results provided by total neutron counting and gamma energy analysis (GEA). The measurement procedure developed to estimate transuranic (TRU) content of boxes was based on assumptions about characteristics of the matrix and material distribution. The neutron slab counter was calibrated with various plutonium working standards that were placed in a surrogate SWB specifically made to simulate miscellaneous waste debris. Transmission measurements with a californium source were used to correct for the matrix effects. An In-Situ Object Counting System (ISOCS) was used to acquire spectra from SWBs and ISOCS software was applied to generate the efficiency curve of the HPGe detector. Infinite energy extrapolation was introduced to correct GEA results for self-attenuation. The gamma and neutron results obtained on multiple SWBs are compared and discussed in the paper. Revised measurement positions for the detector and the transmission source are also suggested based on experience gained during the measurements.

Mozhayev, Andrey V.; Berg, Randal K.; Haggard, Daniel L.; Hilliard, James R.; Mapili, Gabriel M.

2006-11-01

308

Using standard interferometric sensors for high-temperature strain measurements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Standard Michelson interferometric optical fiber sensors are used to make strain measurements on a carbon\\/carbon composite beam at temperatures as high as 800 degree(s)C. Copper, titanium, aluminum, and combinations of the three are investigated as sputtered end mirrors for the Michelson sensor, and it is found that the copper mirrors maintained the highest reflectivity in the 100 degree(s)C to 1000

Chia-Chen Chang; D. Sagrario; L. Job; James S. Sirkis

1994-01-01

309

A Cross-National Comparison of Consumer Research Measures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impact of three factors that affect the psychometric rigor of cross-national consumer research comparisons is measured in this study. Conclusions are also drawn about the interactions among these factors and the resultant deterioration in the psychometric quality of the data.The cross-national consumer research instrument is sensitive to the nature of the attitudinal constructs, the nationality of the respondents, and

Ravi Parameswaran; Attila Yaprak

1987-01-01

310

Standards, calibration and quality assurance of 222Rn measurements in Sweden  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Inhaled decay products of 222Rn are the dominant components of the natural radiation exposure to the general population. Limits have been introduced in Sweden, and recommendations were made in 1980 for decreasing indoor 222Rn concentration. The need for the coordinated calibration of measuring instruments as well as for quality assurance was obvious for both health and economic reasons. 222Rn measurements in Sweden are based on standards traceable to the National Institute of Standard and Technology (NIST) through the use of standard reference material 226Ra. Standards for both 222Rn and short-lived 222Rn progeny are described together with the reference instrument adopted for these studies. The calibration of field instruments was performed in a "radon room", a climate chamber in which it is possible to vary and monitor the concentration of 222Rn as well as other characteristics of the indoor air such as temperature, humidity, ventilation rate and aerosol concentration. The rules and regulations for field measurements imply a calibration of the instruments yearly, as well as accreditation and training for the companies that carry out the measurements. Examples are given of the official measurement protocols used for the different types of instruments.

Falk, R.; Hagberg, N.; Mjönes, L.; Möre, H.; Nyblom, L.; Swedjemark, G. A.

1994-01-01

311

Standard target sets for field sensor performance measurements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The US Army Night Vision and Electronic Sensors Directorate (NVESD) Modeling and Simulation Division develops sensors models (FLIR 92, NV Therm, NV Therm IP) that predict the comparative performance of electro-optical sensors. The NVESD modeling branch developed a 12-vehicle, 12-aspect target signature set in 1998 with a known cycle criteria. It will be referred to as the 12-target set. This 12-target set has and will continue to be the modeling "gold standard" for laboratory human perception experiments supporting sensor performance modeling, and has been employed in dozens of published experiments. The 12-target set is, however, too costly for most acquisition field tests and evaluations. The authors developed an 8-vehicle 3-aspect target set, referred to as the 8- target set, and measured its discrimination task difficulty, (N50 and V50). Target identification (ID) range performance predictions for several sensors were made based on those V50/N50 values. A field collection of the 8-target set using those sensors provided imagery for a human perception study. The human perception study found excellent agreement between predicted and measured range performance. The goal of this development is to create a "silver standard" target set that is as dependable in measuring sensor performance as the "gold standard", and is affordable for Milestone A and other field trials.

O'Connor, John D.; O'Shea, Patrick; Palmer, John E.; Deaver, Dawne M.

2006-05-01

312

The evaluation of hospital laboratory information management systems based on the standards of the American National Standard Institute  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Nowadays, modern laboratories are faced with a huge volume of information. One of the goals of the Laboratory Information Management System (LIMS) is to assist in the management of the information generated in the laboratory. This study intends to evaluate the LIMS based on the standards of the American National Standard Institute (ANSI). Materials and Methods: This research is a descriptive–analytical study, which had been conducted in 2011, on the LIMSs in use, in the teaching and private hospitals in Isfahan. The data collecting instrument was a checklist, which was made by evaluating three groups of information components namely: ‘System capabilities’, ‘work list functions,’ and ‘reporting’ based on LIS8-A. Data were analyzed using the SPSS 20. Data were analyzed using (relative) frequency, percentage. To compare the data the following statistical tests were used: Leven test, t-test, and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Results: The results of the study indicated that the LIMS had a low conformity (30%) with LIS8-A (P = 0.001), with no difference between teaching and private hospitals (P = 0.806). The ANOVA revealed that in terms of conformity with the LIS8-A standard, there was a significant difference between the systems produced by different vendors (P = 0.023). According to the results, a Kowsar system with more than %57 conformity in the three groups of information components had a better conformity to the standard, compared to the other systems. Conclusions: This study indicated that none of the LIMSs had a good conformity to the standard. It seems that system providers did not pay sufficient attention to many of the information components required by the standards when designing and developing their systems. It was suggested that standards from certified organizations and institutions be followed in the design and development process of health information systems. PMID:25077154

Isfahani, Sakineh Saghaeiannejad; Khajouei, Reza; Jahanbakhsh, Maryan; Mirmohamadi, Mahboubeh

2014-01-01

313

A Loyalty Tax? National Measures of Academic Salary Compression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents measures of faculty salary compression for 1993 and 1999 based on national, rather than institutional-level, data. Using a recently developed technique and two national faculty surveys, actual junior to senior salary ratios are derived as well as predicted salary ratios that represent what the salary ratios would be if junior…

Barbezat, Debra A.

2004-01-01

314

National Institute of Standards and Technology National Construction Safety Team Act  

E-print Network

, a massive tornado impacted Joplin, MO. The tornado was rated EF5, the most powerful on the Enhanced Fujita Act to study the building performance and emergency communications during the tornado that struck Joplin, MO on May 22, 2011. According to the National Weather Service (NWS) and the Federal Emergency

Magee, Joseph W.

315

Standards Development for the U.S. National Geologic Map Database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. Geological Survey and the Nation's state geological surveys (under authority of the Association of American State Geologists) are mandated by Congress to provide a National Geologic Map Database (NGMDB) of standardized geoscience information that can be used to address societal issues and improve our base of scientific knowledge. Over the past decade, the NGMDB project has addressed its mandate by providing: 1) basic information and services that enable users to find available geoscience information; 2) a venue for development of community-based standards that are promoting broader public use of geoscience map information and more effective interoperability among the Nation's geological surveys; and 3) a research and development environment in which we are building a distributed database system to archive and serve the Nation's geologic map information. The NGMDB is addressing its mission in an incremental fashion, by building "support" databases and standards, and by working toward the long-term goal of the distributed system. Products currently available to serve the geoscience community and the general public are: the U.S. Geologic Names Lexicon ("GEOLEX"), which is a standard reference for the Nation's stratigraphic nomenclature; the Geoscience Map Catalog and Image Library, which helps people find and view 70,000 published geoscience maps and related products; and various standards, which are the subject of this paper. In cooperation with other U.S. and Canadian agencies, and with the IUGS Commission for the Management and Application of Geoscience Information ("CGI"), the NGMDB project is defining standards that include: a science terminology; a conceptual data model; a physical implementation of the data model in ArcGIS; a FGDC-endorsed standard for map symbols and patterns and for descriptions of locational accuracy of geologic features in the field; and a GML-based exchange standard to promote interoperability among data providers to the NGMDB. These standards form the basis for the design of our online map database. Because it will be a distributed system managed among more than 50 agencies (each with different personnel skills, organizational culture, hardware and software platforms, funding constraints, and public and private user needs), the standards must accommodate these differences and yet enable the NGMDB database to function as if it were a single entity. The standards are now being tested in the NGMDB prototype database; this testing is aided by our new data-entry tool and ArcGIS implementation, which will allow our project partners to evaluate the database structure and science terminology and to make recommendations for improvement. Information and links to NGMDB databases and standards are available at http://ngmdb.usgs.gov/Info/.

Soller, D. R.; Berg, T. M.; Stamm, N. R.

2005-12-01

316

19. Photocopy of measured drawing (from National Archives) A. B. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

19. Photocopy of measured drawing (from National Archives) A. B. Mullett, architect ca. 1868 'ELEVATION ON COMMERCIAL STREET. NO. 5' - U. S. Customs House, 312 Fore Street, Portland, Cumberland County, ME

317

Livability Principle National Rural Transit Livability Performance Measures  

E-print Network

-- rural, urban, or suburban. Improve economic competitiveness through reliable and timely accessLivability Principle National Rural Transit Livability Performance Measures Coordinate revitalization and the efficiency of public works investments and safeguard rural landscapes. Rural transit

318

1996 Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) -- Radionuclides. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

Under Section 61.94 of Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 61, Subpart H, ``National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other Than Radon From Department of Energy Facilities,`` each Department of Energy (DOE) facility must submit an annual report documenting compliance. This report addresses the Section 61.94 reporting requirements for operations at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for calendar year (CY) 1996. The Idaho Operations Office of the DOE is the primary contact concerning compliance with the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) at the INEEL. For calendar year 1996, airborne radionuclide emissions from the INEEL operations were calculated to result in a maximum individual dose to a member of the public of 3.14E-02 mrem (3.14E-07 Sievert). This effective dose equivalent (EDE) is well below the 40 CFR 61, Subpart H, regulatory standard of 10 mrem per year (1.0E-04 Sievert per year).

NONE

1997-06-01

319

Reference standard for carbonaceous impurity measurements in carbon nanotubes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Near-infrared spectroscopy is a convenient tool for measuring nanotube / carbonaceous impurities ratios in carbon nanotube samples. These measurements are based on separation of contributions from nanotubes and impurities to the near-infrared absorption of samples dispersed in DMF, and sample purity is expressed relative to some reference sample. In the current work we produced a reference standard for NIR measurements using purified laser nanotubes. The sample was oxidized slowly using a Temperature Programmed Oxidation (TPO) setup in 2% oxygen / 98 % helium atmosphere. In these conditions, the sample oxidized in several steps, which were attributed to carbonaceous impurities, nanotubes and graphitic shells based on TEM and Raman observations. Stopping oxidation at 625 C (this temperature is sample-specific) allowed us to produce a sample with no carbonaceous impurities and well-defined ratio of nanotubes, graphite and metal catalyst. Since carbonaceous impurities no longer hold nanotubes and particles together, further centrifuging allowed us to remove particles and use this sample as a reference standard in NIR measurements.

Nikolaev, Pavel; Arepalli, Sivaram

2004-01-01

320

Reference standard for carbonaceous impurity measurements in carbon nanotubes.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Near-infrared spectroscopy is a convenient tool for measuring nanotube/carbonaceous impurities ratios in carbon nanotube samples. These measurements are based on separation of contributions from nanotubes and impurities to the near-infrared absorption of samples dispersed in DMF, and sample purity is expressed relative to some reference sample. In the current work we produced a reference standard for NIR measurements using purified laser nanotubes. The sample was oxidized slowly using a Temperature Programmed Oxidation (TPO) setup in 2% oxygen/98% helium atmosphere. In these conditions, the sample oxidized in several steps, which were attributed to carbonaceous impurities, nanotubes and graphitic shells based on TEM and Raman observations. Stopping oxidation at 625 C (this temperature is sample-specific) allowed us to produce a sample with no carbonaceous impurities and well-defined ratio of nanotubes, graphite and metal catalyst. Since carbonaceous impurities no longer hold nanotubes and particles together, further centrifuging allowed us to remove particles and use this sample as a reference standard in NIR measurements.

Nikolaev, Pavel

2004-01-01

321

Revalidation and long-term stability of National Institute of Standards and Technology Standard Reference Materials 1566, 1567, 1568, and 1570.  

PubMed

Multiple units of Standard Reference Materials (SRMs) 1566 Oyster Tissue, 1567 Wheat Flour, 1568 Rice Flour, and 1570 Trace Elements in Spinach, produced by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST, then the National Bureau of Standards), were analyzed 17-20 years after the original certification dates and 12-15 years after the certificates became invalid. Instrumental neutron activation analysis and thermal neutron prompt gamma-ray activation analysis were used to measure mass fractions for 27 elements in these SRMs to revalidate them for use in quality assurance (QA) programs required for food analysis programs within the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. With the exception of Se in SRM 1567, all element mass fractions were in agreement with certified values and literature data. Some evidence of B loss from SRM 1568 was observed. These materials were judged to be suitable for continued use in QA programs. Findings showed that these matrixes exhibited stability of moisture, mass fraction, and weight basis for far longer (> or =15 years) than was indicated by the 5-year validity statement on the NIST Certificates of Analysis. PMID:11048853

Anderson, D L; Cunningham, W C

2000-01-01

322

Evolving Planck Constant Measurements into the SI Kilogram Standard  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This is a very brief 100 year history of measuring 2e/h (pre-and post-Josephson), with a little on e^2/h (quantum Hall Effect, QHE), and then on to a direct measure of Planck constant h, where the watt balance technique combines four basic standards, i.e., physical constants of time, length, voltage, and resistance into a mass redefinition. There are parallels between old and new controversies. In the 1970's and 80's the controversy was in the changeover from standard cells to the Josephson effect as voltage reference. A slightly similar and briefer one concerned the ohm and QHE. Today's discussion is about changing definitions from an artifact mass standard to the Planck constant (or Avogadro constant) using the different methods as realization. The mass redefinition concerns are two orders of magnitude down from those of voltage, and the discrepancies between h are probably more systemic rather than artifact related (or not) as compared to the Josephson effect testing. This shows how far electronic metrology has progressed but also that is it not completed research. The conclusion summarizes the latest efforts on the watt balances.

Steiner, Richard

2012-02-01

323

An Orbiting Standards Platform for communication satellite system RF measurements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Orbiting Standards Platform (OSP) is a proposed satellite dedicated to performing RF measurements on space communications systems. It would consist of a quasi-geostationary spacecraft containing an ensemble of calibrated RF sources and field strength meters operating in several microwave bands, and would be capable of accurately and conveniently measuring critical earth station and satellite RF performance parameters, such as EIRP, gain, figure of merit (G/T), crosspolarization, beamwidth, and sidelobe levels. The feasibility and utility of the OSP concept has been under joint study by NASA, NBS, Comsat and NTIA. A survey of potential OSP users was conducted by NTIA as part of this effort. The response to this survey, along with certain trends in satellite communications system design, indicates a growing need for such a measurement service.

Wallace, R. G.; Woodruff, J. J.

1978-01-01

324

Educational Equity and Adequacy for Disadvantaged Minority Students: School and Teacher Resource Gaps Toward National Mathematics Proficiency Standard  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study addresses the issue of educational inadequacy and inequity for disadvantaged minority students. It estimates desired national standards and examines interrelated gaps in key school–teacher resources and mathematics achievement by linking national education data sets (National Assessment of Educational Progress [NAEP], Common Core of Data, and Schools and Staffing Survey). Although poor minority students’ chances to meet the national

Jaekyung Lee

2012-01-01

325

[Measurement of CO diffusion capacity (II): Standardization and quality criteria.  

PubMed

The diffusion capacity is the technique that measures the ability of the respiratory system for gas exchange, thus allowing a diagnosis of the malfunction of the alveolar-capillary unit. The most important parameter to assess is the CO diffusion capacity (DLCO). New methods are currently being used to measure the diffusion using nitric oxide (NO). There are other methods for measuring diffusion, although in this article the single breath technique is mainly referred to, as it is the most widely used and best standardized. Its complexity, its reference equations, differences in equipment, inter-patient variability and conditions in which the DLCO is performed, lead to a wide inter-laboratory variability, although its standardization makes this a more reliable and reproductive method. The practical aspects of the technique are analyzed, by specifying the recommendations to carry out a suitable procedure, the calibration routine, calculations and adjustments. Clinical applications are also discussed. An increase in the transfer of CO occurs in diseases in which there is an increased volume of blood in the pulmonary capillaries, such as in the polycythemia and pulmonary hemorrhage. There is a decrease in DLCO in patients with alveolar volume reduction or diffusion defects, either by altered alveolar-capillary membrane (interstitial diseases) or decreased volume of blood in the pulmonary capillaries (pulmonary embolism or primary pulmonary hypertension). Other causes of decreased or increased DLCO are also highlighted. PMID:25488028

Salcedo Posadas, A; Villa Asensi, J R; de Mir Messa, I; Sardón Prado, O; Larramona, H

2014-12-01

326

National Set of Hydrogen Codes and Standards for the US (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

The US has a national set of codes and standards that address the use of hydrogen technologies. These documents are published by several organizations and are not all directly adopted by government authorities. The US Department of Energy (DOE) has acted as the central organizing group to identify these documents and present them as a coherent and integrated set of requirements.

Rivkin, C. H.

2009-09-16

327

Determinants of maternity health care utilization in Tajikistan: Learning from a national living standards survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the demographic, economic, social, and geographic factors that help explain maternity health care utilization in Tajikistan, a low-income transitional country in Central Asia, based on a newly available nationally representative living standard survey. Two regression models, namely, a binomial logit model and a zero-inflated negative binomial (ZINB) model are estimated. The estimations of the two models show

Lida Fan; Nazim N. Habibov

2009-01-01

328

Comparing Black, Hispanic, and White Mothers with a National Standard of Parenting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Black, Hispanic, and White mothers (N = 739) and adolescents (N = 806) completed a Parent Success Indicator to assess maternal behavior related to Communication, Use of Time, Teaching, Frustration, Satisfaction, and Information Needs. Comparisons between each ethnic group and a previously established national parenting standard revealed that both…

Strom, Robert D.; Strom, Paris S.; Beckert, Troy E.

2008-01-01

329

Debating the Future of American Education: Do We Need National Standards and Assessments?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On May 18, 1994, a groups of scholars, policymakers, educators, and interested observers met at the Brookings Institution in Washington, D.C., to analyze a relatively new phenomenon in American education--national standards and assessments. The discussion took place a few weeks after Congress enacted Goals 2000: Educate America Act, the Clinton…

Ravitch, Diane, Ed.

330

77 FR 38889 - National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Particulate Matter  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

Based on its review of the air quality criteria and the national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) for particulate matter (PM), the EPA proposes to make revisions to the primary and secondary NAAQS for PM to provide requisite protection of public health and welfare, respectively, and to make corresponding revisions to the data handling conventions for PM and ambient air monitoring, reporting,......

2012-06-29

331

77 FR 55698 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants From the Pulp and Paper Industry  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Remodeling for the Pulp and Paper Industry. \\8\\ See...Assessment for the Pulp and Paper Source Category, in...calculation methodology issues, data misinterpretation...docket titled, National Emission Standards for Hazardous...Pollutants From the Pulp and Paper Industry (40 CFR...

2012-09-11

332

"GFL2"! The Updated "Geography for Life: National Geography Standards, Second Edition"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Geography for Life: National Geography Standards, Second Edition" ("GFL2") is the recently released update of the original edition published in 1994. The original edition of "Geography for Life" provided excellent guidance on geographic content for teachers, curriculum designers, publishers, and pre-service teachers as well as many other…

Heffron, Susan Gallagher

2012-01-01

333

75 FR 28227 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Gold Mine Ore Processing and Production...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...2060-AP48 National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Gold Mine Ore Processing and Production Area Source Category and Addition...EPA published a proposed rule for mercury emissions from the gold mine ore processing and production area source category....

2010-05-20

334

76 FR 78872 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Wool Fiberglass Manufacturing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

The EPA published in the Federal Register on November 25, 2011, the proposed rules, ``National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Mineral Wool Production and Wool Fiberglass Manufacturing.'' The EPA was asked to hold a public hearing only on the wool fiberglass rule. Therefore, EPA is making two announcements: first, a public hearing for the proposed Wool Fiberglass Manufacturing......

2011-12-20

335

Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop III Agenda National Institute of Standards and Technology  

E-print Network

Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop III Agenda National Institute of Standards and Technology 100 of IT and Telecommunications Industries, World Economic Forum USA 9:30 ­ 10:20 Cloud Computing: Adopters' Long-term View, Panel Computing Program & Forum (10 min Q&A) Dawn Leaf, NIST Senior Executive for Cloud Computing 10:50 ­ 11

336

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop Agenda  

E-print Network

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop Agenda U: Director, NIST, Dr. Patrick Gallagher Overview of NIST mission and role in the context of Cloud Computing 9 government with respect to Cloud Computing 10:00 Break (main lobby) 10:20 Industry Panel: co-chairs William

337

Using the National Geography Standards and Your Local River to Teach about Environmental Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that the study of local wetlands provides an excellent means of integrating environmental studies, global studies, and other curricula into geography instruction. Seven tables list ways that studying wetlands illustrate the six essential elements of the National Geography Standards. Includes a list of 17 learning activities. (MJP)

Kimmel, James R.

1996-01-01

338

75 FR 44790 - Second Draft Document Related to the Review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Air Quality Standards for Particulate Matter AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency...Assessment for the Review of the Particulate Matter National Ambient Air Quality Standards...This chapter is based on the Particulate Matter Urban-Focused Visibility...

2010-07-29

339

76 FR 22665 - Release of Final Document Related to the Review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Air Quality Standards for Particulate Matter AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency...Assessment for the Review of the Particulate Matter National Ambient Air Quality Standards...is reviewing the NAAQS for particulate matter (PM).\\1\\ The document...

2011-04-22

340

77 FR 959 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants From Petroleum Refineries; National...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...used. (ii) The list of target analytes. (iii) The measured...concentration for each of target analyte (ppbw). (iv) The method detection limit for each analyte...technique. (iii) The list of target analytes. (iv) The...

2012-01-06

341

A Survey of Pennsylvania School Principals' Perceptions of the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards Certification Process and the Leadership Roles of National Board Certified Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Throughout the 1980's, the notion of standards came to the forefront throughout the education world. Groups questioned how to define quality teaching. The National Board for Professional Teaching Standards was developed to meet this need providing a voluntary national certification to identify accomplished teachers. Since its inception,…

Balbach, Amy Beth Mackie

2012-01-01

342

Rotating pressure measurement system using an on board calibration standard  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A computer-controlled multichannel pressure measurement system was developed to acquire detailed flow field measurements on board the Large Low Speed Centrifugal Compressor Research Facility at the NASA Lewis Research Center. A pneumatic slip ring seal assembly is used to transfer calibration pressures to a reference standard transducer on board the compressor rotor in order to measure very low differential pressures with the high accuracy required. A unique data acquisition system was designed and built to convert the analog signal from the reference transducer to the variable frequency required by the multichannel pressure measurement system and also to provide an output for temperature control of the reference transducer. The system also monitors changes in test cell barometric pressure and rotating seal leakage and provides an on screen warning to the operator if limits are exceeded. The methods used for the selection and testing of the the reference transducer are discussed, and the data acquisition system hardware and software design are described. The calculated and experimental data for the system measurement accuracy are also presented.

Senyitko, Richard G.; Blumenthal, Philip Z.; Freedman, Robert J.

1991-01-01

343

Measuring Pupil Progress: A Comparison of Standardized Achievement Tests and Curriculum-Related Measures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies of third- through sixth-grade low-achievers (N=83) and 26 third-graders (some receiving special education services) compared traditional standardized achievement tests and alternative curriculum-based measures. Results indicated that curriculum-based measures were more sensitive in assessing student progress in reading and writing and…

Marston, Douglas; And Others

1986-01-01

344

Relating Standardized Visual Perception Measures to Simulator Visual System Performance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Human vision is quantified through the use of standardized clinical vision measurements. These measurements typically include visual acuity (near and far), contrast sensitivity, color vision, stereopsis (a.k.a. stereo acuity), and visual field periphery. Simulator visual system performance is specified in terms such as brightness, contrast, color depth, color gamut, gamma, resolution, and field-of-view. How do these simulator performance characteristics relate to the perceptual experience of the pilot in the simulator? In this paper, visual acuity and contrast sensitivity will be related to simulator visual system resolution, contrast, and dynamic range; similarly, color vision will be related to color depth/color gamut. Finally, we will consider how some characteristics of human vision not typically included in current clinical assessments could be used to better inform simulator requirements (e.g., relating dynamic characteristics of human vision to update rate and other temporal display characteristics).

Kaiser, Mary K.; Sweet, Barbara T.

2013-01-01

345

Harmonizing the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) sound level meter specification standards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It has been over 20 years since the last major revision of the American National Standard Specification for Sound Level Meters, S1.4-1983 (R2002). This is the most extensively referenced ANSI acoustical standard, with wide application to architectural acoustics, soundscapes, environmental noise, and hearing conservation. A new revision is proposed that conforms as closely as possible to the recently developed International Electrotechnical Commission Standard for Electroacoustics-Sound Level Meters Part 1: Specifications, IEC 61672-1 (2002-05). This proposed revision represents an improvement over ANSI S1.4-1983, particularly in its frequency response tolerance limits at high frequencies, and impulse (toneburst) response. Also, it incorporates the high-frequency electrical design goals and tolerance limits for A-weighted response that were specified in Amendment S1.4A-1985, and it maintains the more restrictive low-frequency tolerance limits of the earlier (1983) specification, compared to IEC 61672-1. The proposed revision maintains the laboratory precision Type 0 specification, which is absent in IEC 61672-1, while incorporating the specifications for integrating-averaging sound level meters previously given in ANSI S1.43-1997. Sound level meters which meet the Type 1 and Type 2 specification requirements, respectively, in this S1.4 revision will also meet the Class 1 and Class 2 specification requirements of 61672-1.

Brooks, Bennett M.

2005-09-01

346

The Institute for Computer Sciences and Technology at the National Bureau of Standards (NBS/ICST) optical digital data disk (OD3) standardization activities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This presentation will describe optical digital data disk (0D3) standardization activities including the NBS-sponsored Federal Council on Computer Storage Standards and Technology (FCCSSAT); the National Bureau of Standards/National Security Agency Workshop on Standardization Issues for OD3 Technology; and the NBS/ICST participation in the voluntary OD3 standards process. All of these NBS/ICST activities provide a forum for discussion among current and potential OD3 users and suppliers, regarding the prospects for OD3 data interchange standardization. The status of these standardization programs will be presented, along with their objectives for determining the directions for the development of OD3-related standards and guidelines for the U.S. government.

Freedman, Jean B.

1984-09-01

347

National Imagery Transmission Format (NITF) standard: a government/industry model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Imagery Transmission Format Standard (NITFS) is the collaborative result of a U. S. Government and industry effort to provide a common facility for exchanging imagery and image-associated data among a wide range of legacy, migration, and future intelligence systems. The purpose of the NITFS is to provide a common standard for the transmission of files composed of images, symbols, labels, text, and other information that relate to imagery. NITFS had its genesis in the early 1980s as a vehicle to meet the challenges imposed by a changing military/intelligence paradigm. Early successes spurred increased interest in the standard's evolution. Non-DoD program offices and commercial vendors began to develop NITFS compliant systems and products. The National Imagery Transmission Format (NITF) component of the NITFS was selected as the basis for a North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Standard Agreement (STANAG) for secondary imagery dissemination. Similarly, the International Standards Organization (ISO) recently accepted a new work item, using the NITF as a point of departure, called the Basic Image Interchange Format (BIIF). Products based on this new standard are expected to be NITF compatible while at the same time providing for increased functionality.

Whitson, Kennith D.

1996-01-01

348

40 CFR 50.16 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...compounds are 0.15 micrograms per cubic meter, arithmetic mean concentration over a 3-month period, measured...quality standards for Pb are met when the maximum arithmetic 3-month mean concentration for a 3-year period, as...

2012-07-01

349

40 CFR 50.16 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...compounds are 0.15 micrograms per cubic meter, arithmetic mean concentration over a 3-month period, measured...quality standards for Pb are met when the maximum arithmetic 3-month mean concentration for a 3-year period, as...

2013-07-01

350

40 CFR 50.16 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...compounds are 0.15 micrograms per cubic meter, arithmetic mean concentration over a 3-month period, measured...quality standards for Pb are met when the maximum arithmetic 3-month mean concentration for a 3-year period, as...

2010-07-01

351

40 CFR 50.16 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...compounds are 0.15 micrograms per cubic meter, arithmetic mean concentration over a 3-month period, measured...quality standards for Pb are met when the maximum arithmetic 3-month mean concentration for a 3-year period, as...

2011-07-01

352

1997 Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) -- Radionuclides annual report  

SciTech Connect

Under Section 61.94 of Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 61, Subpart H, National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other Than Radon From Department of Energy Facilities, each Department of Energy (DOE) facility must submit an annual report documenting compliance. This report addresses the Section 61.94 reporting requirements for operations at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for calendar year (CY) 1997. Section 1 of this report provides an overview of the INEEL facilities and a brief description of the radioactive materials and processes at the facilities. Section 2 identifies radioactive air effluent release points and diffuse sources at the INEEL and actual releases during 1997. Section 2 also describes the effluent control systems for each potential release point. Section 3 provides the methodology and EDE calculations for 1997 INEEL radioactive emissions.

NONE

1998-06-01

353

Verification and standardization of redox measurement for DWPF: Summary  

SciTech Connect

The colorimetric procedure for DWPF glass redox measurement developed by Baumann was verified by analyzing a series of reduced glasses using multiple techniques. The glasses were analyzed by (1) SRL-ADD using the colorimetric procedure, (2) SRL using Mossbauer spectroscopy, (3) Corning Glass Works (CGW) using the colorimetric procedure, and (4) CGW using a titration procedure. The results of the interlaboratory redox measurements indicated that the results of the colorimetric procedure were reproducible at SRL and CGW, the Fe/sup 2 +//Fe/sup 3 +/ redox ratios correlated poorly, the Fe/sup 2 +//..sigma..Fe redox ratios correlated well, and the Fe/sup 2 +//..sigma..Fe ratio can potentially be used to standardize the DWPF redox measurement. It is recommended that the DWPF redox measurement be based on the Fe/sup 2 +//..sigma..Fe ratio rather than on the Fe/sup 2 +//Fe/sup 3 +/ ratio. The acceptable DWPF redox range based on the Fe/sup 2 +//..sigma..Fe is 0.09--0.33 rather than the range of 0.1--0.5 based on the Fe/sup 2 +//Fe/sup 3 +/ ratio. 30 refs., 9 figs., 3 tabs.

Jantzen, C.M.

1989-01-11

354

Coordinate measuring machine test standard apparatus and method  

DOEpatents

A coordinate measuring machine test standard apparatus and method are disclosed which includes a rotary spindle having an upper phase plate and an axis of rotation, a kinematic ball mount attached to the phase plate concentric with the axis of rotation of the phase plate, a groove mounted at the circumference of the phase plate, and an arm assembly which rests in the groove. The arm assembly has a small sphere at one end and a large sphere at the other end. The small sphere may be a coordinate measuring machine probe tip and may have variable diameters. The large sphere is secured in the kinematic ball mount and the arm is held in the groove. The kinematic ball mount includes at least three mounting spheres and the groove is an angular locating groove including at least two locking spheres. The arm may have a hollow inner core and an outer layer. The rotary spindle may be a ratio reducer. The device is used to evaluate the measuring performance of a coordinate measuring machine for periodic recertification, including 2 and 3 dimensional accuracy, squareness, straightness, and angular accuracy. 5 figs.

Bieg, L.F.

1994-08-30

355

Coordinate measuring machine test standard apparatus and method  

DOEpatents

A coordinate measuring machine test standard apparatus and method which iudes a rotary spindle having an upper phase plate and an axis of rotation, a kinematic ball mount attached to the phase plate concentric with the axis of rotation of the phase plate, a groove mounted at the circumference of the phase plate, and an arm assembly which rests in the groove. The arm assembly has a small sphere at one end and a large sphere at the other end. The small sphere may be a coordinate measuring machine probe tip and may have variable diameters. The large sphere is secured in the kinematic ball mount and the arm is held in the groove. The kinematic ball mount includes at least three mounting spheres and the groove is an angular locating groove including at least two locking spheres. The arm may have a hollow inner core and an outer layer. The rotary spindle may be a ratio reducer. The device is used to evaluate the measuring performance of a coordinate measuring machine for periodic recertification, including 2 and 3 dimensional accuracy, squareness, straightness, and angular accuracy.

Bieg, Lothar F. (Louisville, CO)

1994-08-30

356

National and international drawing standards: moving toward better alignment with Y14. 5  

SciTech Connect

The task of revising the national standard on Dimensioning and Tolerancing, begun seven years ago, required close coordination between the Y14.5 Subcommittee and the US expert members who participated in related activities of the International Organization for Standardization. The revised drawing standard about to be issued reflects additional international alignments in areas of metrication, symbology, and conventions. Differences remain in the prescribed symbol for indicating a datum feature and in a Principle of Independency, the latter unacceptably absolving size limits from controlling the geometric form of an individual feature. More US member experts will be needed on the Y14.5 Subcommittee to uphold US viewpoints in the writing of international drawing standards of a pragmatic kind.

Nicovich, P.A.

1980-01-01

357

Homogeneity evaluation of Chinese sugar carbon (CSC) standard for AMS 14C measurement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Chinese national radiocarbon standard Chinese Sugar Carbon (CSC), or often called the “Chinese Sucrose Charcoal,” was investigated for its homogeneity and its suitability as a radiocarbon standard for Accelerator Mass Spectrometer (AMS). We randomly chose ten new CSC bottles and two opened bottles and measured their carbon isotope compositions. ?13C results obtained by Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometer (IRMS) showed relatively large variation: from -15.9 to -22.2‰ with an average of -19.0 ± 1.2‰ (n = 49), indicating CSC grains in the mg range are not isotopically homogeneous. However, 14C results of CSC, expressed as Fraction Modern (FM), are well constrained to 2.4‰ after fractionation correction to -25‰. Measurements from all 12 bottles gave an average FM value of 1.3533 ± 0.0034 (n = 55). This value is about 7‰ higher that the FM value of 1.346 ± 0.002, converted from the originally reported R value of 1.362 ± 0.002 (n = 14, with ?13C of -19.32, n = 9) [1,2]. The R value of 1.362 is the ratio of 14C activity of CSC to 95% of OXI, not an FM value. The online simultaneous AMS 13C/12C measurement that allows for correction of all isotopic fractionation, including manufacture, graphitization and machine induced fractionation, is the key for obtaining consistent 14C measurements on this standard. Without further homogenization, CSC may not be a good choice of standard for an AMS that does not have the capability of measuring online AMS ?13C. Further study is needed to see if mixing/grinding can reduce the inhomogeneity. Re-measurement is suggested with more laboratories involved in order to get a better defined consensus value.

Xu, Xiaomei; Shen, Chengde; Stills, Aubrey K.; Southon, John R.

2013-01-01

358

40 CFR Appendix H to Part 50 - Interpretation of the 1-Hour Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone H Appendix H to Part...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone 1. General This...Guideline for Interpretation of Ozone Air Quality Standards.” For...

2013-07-01

359

40 CFR Appendix H to Part 50 - Interpretation of the 1-Hour Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone H Appendix H to Part...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone 1. General This...Guideline for Interpretation of Ozone Air Quality Standards.” For...

2012-07-01

360

40 CFR Appendix H to Part 50 - Interpretation of the 1-Hour Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone H Appendix H to Part...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone 1. General This...Guideline for Interpretation of Ozone Air Quality Standards.” For...

2010-07-01

361

40 CFR Appendix H to Part 50 - Interpretation of the 1-Hour Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone H Appendix H to Part...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone 1. General This...Guideline for Interpretation of Ozone Air Quality Standards.” For...

2011-07-01

362

40 CFR Appendix H to Part 50 - Interpretation of the 1-Hour Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone H Appendix H to Part...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone 1. General This...Guideline for Interpretation of Ozone Air Quality Standards.” For...

2014-07-01

363

Constructing Uniformity: the Standardization of International Electromagnetic Measures, 1860-1912  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Metrology gained much attention from electrical scientists and practitioners in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Spurred by the expanding telegraph industries, they considered the construction and acceptance of a universal system of electromagnetic measures essential for the growth of science and technology. The task was not easy. Scientists and practitioners, having different concerns and needs, often found themselves at odds. National rivalries further obstructed the attainment of uniform measures. Under the auspices of a series of international electrical congresses and conferences between 1881 and 1908, the systembuilders succeeded in establishing an international system of practical electrical units and standards--the ohm, volt, ampere, coulomb, farad, joule, and watt--based on the centimeter-gram-second (CGS) system of measures. They had less success, however, with practical magnetic units. They had designed the system of electrical units to meet the needs of telegraphy. But the rise of the technologies of electrical power in the late nineteenth century made it difficult to define magnetic units that were both practical for the new technologies and coherent with the existing system of units. The international congress, as an institution, also gave them trouble. It lacked authority and stability and, in some cases, hindered the development of the system of units. More credit for the success of the systembuilders must go, paradoxically, to the national physical laboratories that arose in Germany, France, Great Britain, and the United States circa 1900. They enabled the standardization of international electromagnetic measures by narrowing the community of systembuilders to a small circle of elite experts. This historical process illustrates important aspects of the ways and means of standardization, of the technical and social construction of uniformity.

Lagerstrom, Larry Randles

364

Why National Standards Won't Fix American Education: Misalignment of Power and Incentives. Backgrounder. No. 2413  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American education needs to be fixed, but national standards and testing are not the way to do it. The problems that need fixing are too deeply ingrained in the power and incentive structure of the public education system, and the renewed focus on national standards threatens to distract from the fundamental issues. Besides, federal control over…

Burke, Lindsey M.; Marshall, Jennifer A.

2010-01-01

365

48 CFR 9904.412 - Cost accounting standard for composition and measurement of pension cost.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost accounting standard for composition and measurement...Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL...BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS COST ACCOUNTING...

2010-10-01

366

Intra-building telecommunications cabling standards for Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico  

SciTech Connect

This document establishes a working standard for all telecommunications cable installations at Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico. It is based on recent national commercial cabling standards. The topics addressed are Secure and Open/Restricted Access telecommunications environments and both twisted-pair and optical-fiber components of communications media. Some of the state-of-the-art technologies that will be supported by the intrabuilding cable infrastructure are Circuit and Packet Switched Networks (PBX/5ESS Voice and Low-Speed Data), Local Area Networks (Ethernet, Token Ring, Fiber and Copper Distributed Data Interface), and Wide Area Networks (Asynchronous Transfer Mode). These technologies can be delivered to every desk and can transport data at rates sufficient to support all existing applications (such as Voice, Text and graphics, Still Images, Full-motion Video), as well as applications to be defined in the future.

Adams, R.L.

1993-08-01

367

Teacher Perception of the Alignment of Enhancing Missouri's Instructional Networked Teaching Strategies (eMINTS) with the National Staff Development Council (NSDC) Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used the National Staff Development Council (NSDC) standards for staff development as a framework for measuring specific aspects of the enhancing Missouri's Instructional Networked Teaching Strategies (eMINTS) educational technology professional development program, as perceived by eMINTS teachers. The Technology Integration Cycle…

Stanfill, Diana L.

2010-01-01

368

Volume 118 (2013) http://dx.doi.org/10.6028/jres.118.001 Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology  

E-print Network

of Microspheres for Wavelengths between 240 nm and 800 nm A. K. Gaigalas, Lili Wang, and Steven Choquette National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD 20899 adolfas.gaigalas@nist.gov lili suspended in water. Absorbance measurements were performed with the sample placed inside the IS detector

369

Applying IEEE storage system management standards at the National Storage Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Since its inception in 1990, the IEEE Storage System Standards Working Group has identified storage-system management as an area in need of further development The pressing need for standards in storage-system management arises from the requirement to exchange management information and to provide control in a consistent predictable manner between the components of a storage system. An appropriate set of management standards will allow multiple vendors to supply storage management subsystems or applications that are integral to or compatible with new storage systems conforming to future IEEE standards. An early, practical application of IEEE storage-system-management work is being pursued at the National Storage Laboratory (NSL), a recently-formed industrial collaboration at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The NSL`s purpose is to develop advanced hardware and software technologies for high-performance, distributed storage systems. Since storage system management is of critical concern, it is being explored in depth at the NSL. Work was initiated to define basic management requirements and develop generalized graphical-user-interface tools using remote-procedure-call mechanisms to implement the NSL`s conceptual management framework. Several constraints were imposed on the development of early versions of this work to maintain compatibility with the NSL`s underlying UniTree-based software architecture and to provide timely prototypes and proof of concept. The project leverages the on-going standards work of the IEEE Storage System Standards Working Group (SSSWG) and also explores some of the relationships and interactions between IEEE storage-system management and more well known management methods for distributed systems and networks. It will have long term benefits by providing ``real-life`` storage-system-management requirements to the IEEE SSSWG for validation of evolving standards.

Louis, S.; Hyer, S.W.

1992-12-04

370

Implementing an integrated standards-based management system to ensure compliance at Los Alamos National Laboratory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL or the Laboratory) is developing and implementing a comprehensive, Integrated Standards-Based Management System (ISBMS) to enhance environmental, safety, and health (ESH) compliance efforts and streamline management of ESH throughout the Laboratory. The Laboratory recognizes that to be competitive in today`s business environment and attractive to potential Partnerships, Laboratory operations must be efficient and cost-effective. The

D. Hjeresen; S. Roybal; P. Bertino; C. Gherman; B. Hosteny

1995-01-01

371

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants - Radionuclide Emissions Calendar Year 2013  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Field Office (NNSA/NFO) operates the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) and North Las Vegas Facility (NLVF). From 1951 through 1992, the NNSS was the continental testing location for U.S. nuclear weapons. The release of radionuclides from NNSS activities has been monitored since the initiation of atmospheric testing. Limitations to underground detonations after 1962 greatly reduced radiation exposure to the public surrounding the NNSS. After nuclear testing ended in 1992, NNSS radiation monitoring focused on detecting airborne radionuclides from historically contaminated soils. These radionuclides are derived from re-suspension of soil (primarily by wind) and emission of tritium-contaminated soil moisture through evapotranspiration. Low amounts of legacy-related tritium are also emitted to air at the NLVF, an NNSS support complex in North Las Vegas. To protect the public from harmful levels of man-made radiation, the Clean Air Act, National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) (Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations [CFR] Part 61 Subpart H) (CFR 2010a) limits the release of radioactivity from a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) facility to that which would cause 10 millirem per year (mrem/yr) effective dose equivalent to any member of the public. This limit does not include radiation unrelated to NNSS activities. Unrelated doses could come from naturally occurring radioactive elements, from sources such as medically or commercially used radionuclides, or from sources outside of the United States, such as the damaged Fukushima nuclear power plant in Japan in 2011. NNSA/NFO demonstrates compliance with the NESHAP limit by using environmental measurements of radionuclide air concentrations at critical receptor locations on the NNSS (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency [EPA] and DOE 1995). This method was approved by the EPA for use on the NNSS in 2001 (EPA 2001a) and has been the sole method used since 2005. Six locations on the NNSS have been established to act as critical receptor locations to demonstrate compliance with the NESHAP limit. These locations are actually pseudo-critical receptor stations, because no member of the public actually resides at these onsite locations. Compliance is demonstrated if the measured annual average concentration is less than the NESHAP Concentration Levels (CLs) for Environmental Compliance listed in 40 CFR 61, Appendix E, Table 2 (CFR 2010a). For multiple radionuclides, compliance is demonstrated when the sum of the fractions (determined by dividing each radionuclide’s concentration by its CL and then adding the fractions together) is less than 1.0. In 2013, the potential dose from radiological emissions to air, resulting from both current and past NNSS activities, was well below the 10 mrem/yr dose limit. Air sampling data collected at all air monitoring stations had average concentrations of radioactivity that were a fraction of the CL values. Concentrations ranged from 0.2% to a maximum of 10.1% of the allowed NESHAP limit. Because the nearest member of the public resides about 9 kilometers from potential release points on the NNSS, dose to the public would be only a small fraction of the value measured on the NNSS. The potential dose to the public from NLVF emissions was also very low at 0.000011 mrem/yr, more than 900,000 times lower than the 10 mrem/yr limit.

Warren, R.

2014-06-04

372

Nevada Test Site National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Calendar Year 2007  

SciTech Connect

The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is operated by the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office. From 1951 through 1992, the NTS was operated as the nation's site for nuclear weapons testing. The release of man-made radionuclides from the NTS as a result of testing activities has been monitored since the first decade of atmospheric testing. After 1962, when nuclear tests were conducted only underground, the radiation exposure to the public surrounding the NTS was greatly reduced. After the 1992 moratorium on nuclear testing, radiation monitoring on the NTS focused on detecting airborne radionuclides which come from historically contaminated soils resuspended into the air (e.g., by winds) and tritium-contaminated soil moisture emitted to the air from soils through evapotranspiration. To protect the public from harmful levels of man-made radiation, the Clean Air Act, National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) (Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations [CFR] Part 61 Subpart H) limits the release of radioactivity from a U.S. Department of Energy facility (e.g., the NTS) to 10 millirem per year (mrem/yr) effective dose equivalent to any member of the public. This is the dose limit established for someone living off of the NTS from radionuclides emitted to air from the NTS. This limit does not include the radiation doses that members of the public may receive through the intake of radioactive particles unrelated to NTS activities, such as those that come from naturally occurring elements in the environment (e.g., naturally occurring radionuclides in soil or radon gas from the earth or natural building materials), or from other man-made sources (e.g., medical treatments). The NTS demonstrates compliance using environmental measurements of radionuclide air concentrations at critical receptor locations. This method was approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for use on the NTS in 2001 and has been the sole method used since 2005. There are six critical receptor locations on the NTS that are actually pseudocritical receptor locations because they are hypothetical receptor locations; no person actually resides at these onsite locations. Annual average concentrations of detected radionuclides are compared with Concentration Levels (CL) for Environmental Compliance values listed in 40 CFR 61, Appendix E, Table 2. Compliance is demonstrated if the sum of fractions (CL/measured concentrations) of all detected radionuclides at each pseudo-critical receptor location is less than one. In 2007, as in all previous years for which this report has been produced, the NTS has demonstrated that the potential dose to the public from radiological emissions to air from current and past NTS activities is well below the 10 mrem/yr dose limit. Air sampling data collected onsite at each of the six pseudo-critical receptor stations on the NTS had average concentrations of nuclear test-related radioactivity that were a fraction of the limits listed in Table 2 in Appendix E of 40 CFR 61. They ranged from less than 1 percent to a maximum of 20 percent of the allowed NESHAP limit. Because the nearest member of the public resides approximately 20 kilometers (12 miles) from the NTS boundary, concentrations at this location would be only a small fraction of that measured on the NTS.

Robert Grossman; Ronald Warren

2008-06-01

373

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants - Radionuclide Emissions, Calendar Year 2010  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office operates the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS, formerly the Nevada Test Site) and North Las Vegas Facility (NLVF). From 1951 through 1992, the NNSS was the continental testing location for U.S. nuclear weapons. The release of radionuclides from NNSS activities has been monitored since the initiation of atmospheric testing. Limitation to underground detonations after 1962 greatly reduced radiation exposure to the public surrounding the NNSS. After nuclear testing ended in 1992, NNSS radiation monitoring focused on detecting airborne radionuclides from historically contaminated soils. These radionuclides are derived from re-suspension of soil (primarily by wind) and emission of tritium-contaminated soil moisture through evapotranspiration. Low amounts of tritium are also emitted to air at the NLVF, an NNSS support complex in North Las Vegas. To protect the public from harmful levels of man-made radiation, the Clean Air Act, National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) (Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations [CFR] Part 61 Subpart H) (CFR, 2010a) limits the release of radioactivity from a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) facility to that which would cause 10 millirem per year (mrem/yr) effective dose equivalent to any member of the public. This limit does not include radiation unrelated to NNSS activities. Unrelated doses could come from naturally occurring radioactive elements, from sources such as medically or commercially used radionuclides, or from sources outside of the United States, such as those from the damaged Fukushima nuclear power plant in Japan. Because this report is intended to discuss radioactive air emissions during calendar year 2010, data on radionuclides in air from the 2011 Fukushima nuclear power plant releases are not presented but will be included in the report for calendar year 2011. The NNSS demonstrates compliance with the NESHAP limit by using environmental measurements of radionuclide air concentrations at critical receptor locations (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency [EPA] and DOE, 1995). This method was approved by the EPA for use on the NNSS in 2001(EPA, 2001a) and has been the sole method used since 2005. Six locations on the NNSS have been established to act as critical receptor locations to demonstrate compliance with the NESHAP limit. These locations are actually pseudo-critical receptor stations, because no member of the public actually resides at these onsite locations. Compliance is demonstrated if the measured annual average concentration is less than the NESHAP Concentration Levels (CLs) for Environmental Compliance listed in 40 CFR 61, Appendix E, Table 2 (CFR, 2010a). For multiple radionuclides, compliance is demonstrated when the sum of the fractions (determined by dividing each radionuclide's concentration by its CL and then adding the fractions together) is less than 1.0. In 2010, the potential dose from radiological emissions to air, resulting from both current and past NNSS activities, at onsite compliance monitoring stations was well below the 10 mrem/yr dose limit. Air sampling data collected at all air monitoring stations had average concentrations of radioactivity that were a fraction of the CL values. Concentrations ranged from less than 1 percent to a maximum of 17 percent of the allowed NESHAP limit. Because the nearest member of the public resides about 20 kilometers from potential release points on the NNSS, dose to the public would be only a small fraction of that measured on the NNSS. The potential dose to the public from NLVF emissions was also very low at 0.000032 mrem/yr, more than 300,000 times lower than the 10 mrem/yr limit.

NSTec Ecological and Environmental Monitoring

2011-06-30

374

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants - Radionuclide Emissions, Calendar Year 2011  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office operates the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) and North Las Vegas Facility (NLVF). From 1951 through 1992, the NNSS was the continental testing location for U.S. nuclear weapons. The release of radionuclides from NNSS activities has been monitored since the initiation of atmospheric testing. Limitation to underground detonations after 1962 greatly reduced radiation exposure to the public surrounding the NNSS. After nuclear testing ended in 1992, NNSS radiation monitoring focused on detecting airborne radionuclides from historically contaminated soils. These radionuclides are derived from re-suspension of soil (primarily by wind) and emission of tritium-contaminated soil moisture through evapotranspiration. Low amounts of legacy-related tritium are also emitted to air at the NLVF, an NNSS support complex in North Las Vegas. To protect the public from harmful levels of man-made radiation, the Clean Air Act, National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) (Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations [CFR] Part 61 Subpart H) limits the release of radioactivity from a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) facility to that which would cause 10 millirem per year (mrem/yr) effective dose equivalent to any member of the public. This limit does not include radiation unrelated to NNSS activities. Unrelated doses could come from naturally occurring radioactive elements, from sources such as medically or commercially used radionuclides, or from sources outside of the United States, such as the damaged Fukushima nuclear power plant in Japan. Radionuclides from the Fukushima nuclear power plant were detected at the NNSS in March 2011 and are discussed further in Section III. The NNSS demonstrates compliance with the NESHAP limit by using environmental measurements of radionuclide air concentrations at critical receptor locations. This method was approved by the EPA for use on the NNSS in 2001 and has been the sole method used since 2005. Six locations on the NNSS have been established to act as critical receptor locations to demonstrate compliance with the NESHAP limit. These locations are actually pseudo-critical receptor stations, because no member of the public actually resides at these onsite locations. Compliance is demonstrated if the measured annual average concentration is less than the NESHAP Concentration Levels (CLs) for Environmental Compliance listed in 40 CFR 61, Appendix E, Table 2. For multiple radionuclides, compliance is demonstrated when the sum of the fractions (determined by dividing each radionuclide's concentration by its CL and then adding the fractions together) is less than 1.0. In 2011, the potential dose from radiological emissions to air, resulting from both current and past NNSS activities, at onsite compliance monitoring stations was well below the 10 mrem/yr dose limit. Air sampling data collected at all air monitoring stations had average concentrations of radioactivity that were a fraction of the CL values. Concentrations ranged from less than 1% to a maximum of 12.2% of the allowed NESHAP limit. Because the nearest member of the public resides about 20 kilometers from potential release points on the NNSS, dose to the public would be only a small fraction of the value measured on the NNSS. The potential dose to the public from NLVF emissions was also very low at 0.000024 mrem/yr, more than 400,000 times lower than the 10 mrem/yr limit.

NSTec Ecological and Environmental Monitoring

2012-06-19

375

Dual-wavelength transfer standard for laser peak-power measurement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the Naval Surface Warfare Center - Corona Division (NSWC) have jointly developed a dual-wavelength extended-sensitivity radiometer (D-ESR) that functions as a portable transfer standard for measuring laser pulses at wavelengths of 1.06 ?m and 1.55 ?m. The peak-power irradiance range is from 500 pW/cm2 to 50 ?W/cm2 within the wavelength range of 1.54 ?m to 1.58 ?m. A similar peak-power range is covered at a wavelength of 1.06 ?m. The measurement range is covered by using smaller apertures or a neutral-density filter to reach the highest peak powers. The D-ESR radiometer is based on an InGaAs avalanche photodiode (APD) detector that is integrated with a transimpedance preamplifier module. The light-collecting optical system has a maximum aperture of approximately 125 cm2. The D-ESR is able to measure Gaussian pulse duration from 4 ns to 400 ns. The output is a negative-going pulse waveform that is measured with an oscilloscope. The total expanded uncertainty of a calibrated peak-power measurement with a D-ESR radiometer is approximately 9 % (k=2).

Leonhardt, Rodney; King, Daniel

2011-05-01

376

40 CFR 50.9 - National 1-hour primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. 50.9 Section...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. (a) The level...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone measured by a...

2010-07-01

377

40 CFR 50.9 - National 1-hour primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. 50.9 Section...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. (a) The level...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone measured by a...

2011-07-01

378

40 CFR 50.9 - National 1-hour primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. 50.9 Section...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. (a) The level...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone measured by a...

2014-07-01

379

40 CFR 50.9 - National 1-hour primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. 50.9 Section...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. (a) The level...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone measured by a...

2013-07-01

380

40 CFR 50.9 - National 1-hour primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. 50.9 Section...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. (a) The level...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone measured by a...

2012-07-01

381

Advanced birefringence measurements in standard terahertz time-domain spectroscopy.  

PubMed

Polarization-sensitive (PS) terahertz (THz) technology can be used for investigating anisotropic materials that are opaque for visible light. A full characterization of an anisotropic material requires the extraction of the birefringence as well as the orientation of the optical axis from the measurement data. We present an approach based on THz time-domain spectroscopy (TDS) that exploits the spectral content of the THz signal for determining these two parameters from only two measurements. In contrast to an earlier approach with a more sophisticated PS-THz system and quasi-circularly polarized THz radiation, now a simple standard THz-TDS system can be employed. After a description of the mathematical model for data analysis we demonstrate the applicability of our method for a lithium niobate crystal and furthermore for a glass-fiber reinforced polymer sample, for which the orientation of the optical axis and birefringence are obtained in a spatially resolved way, showing the potential of the method also for PS-THz imaging. As no specialized setup or components are required, our approach can be easily and extensively applied for the analysis of anisotropic samples at THz frequencies. PMID:24922202

Pfleger, Michael; Roitner, Heinz; Pühringer, Harald; Wiesauer, Karin; Grün, Hubert; Katletz, Stefan

2014-05-20

382

Measuring Stream Discharge in Grand Teton National Park  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

USGS hydrologic technician Bob Reaves collects streamflow measurements from the cableway at the USGS streamgage on the Snake River near Moran, WY. Jackson Lake Dam is shown in the background. Location: USGS streamgage station 13011000, Snake River near Moran, WY, Grand Teton National Park. &nb...

383

30 CFR 206.453 - Quality and quantity measurement standards for reporting and paying royalties.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Quality and quantity measurement standards for reporting and paying royalties...VALUATION Indian Coal § 206.453 Quality and quantity measurement standards for reporting and paying...

2010-07-01

384

30 CFR 206.254 - Quality and quantity measurement standards for reporting and paying royalties.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Quality and quantity measurement standards for reporting and paying royalties...VALUATION Federal Coal § 206.254 Quality and quantity measurement standards for reporting and paying...

2010-07-01

385

30 CFR 1206.254 - Quality and quantity measurement standards for reporting and paying royalties.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Quality and quantity measurement standards for reporting and paying royalties...VALUATION Federal Coal § 1206.254 Quality and quantity measurement standards for reporting and paying...

2011-07-01

386

30 CFR 1206.453 - Quality and quantity measurement standards for reporting and paying royalties.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Quality and quantity measurement standards for reporting and paying royalties...VALUATION Indian Coal § 1206.453 Quality and quantity measurement standards for reporting and paying...

2011-07-01

387

Measurement of Poloidal Velocity on the National Spherical Torus Experiment  

SciTech Connect

A diagnostic suite has been developed to measure impurity poloidal flow using charge exchange recombination spectroscopy on the National Spherical Torus Experiment. Toroidal and poloidal viewing systems measure all quantities required to determine the radial electric field. Two sets of up/down symmetric poloidal views are used to measure both active emission in the plane of the neutral heating beams and background emission in a radial plane away from the neutral beams. Differential velocity measurements isolate the line-integrated poloidal velocity from apparent flows due to the energy-dependent chargeexchange cross section. Six f/1.8 spectrometers measure 276 spectra to obtain 75 active and 63 background channels every 10 ms. Local measurements from a similar midplane toroidal viewing system are mapped into two dimensions to allow the inversion of poloidal line-integrated measurements to obtain local poloidal velocity profiles. Radial resolution after inversion is 0.6-1.8 cm from the plasma edge to the center.

Ronald E. Bell and Russell Feder

2010-06-04

388

A Direct sensitivity approach to predict hourly ozone resulting from compliance with the National Ambient Air Quality Standard  

EPA Science Inventory

In setting primary ambient air quality standards, the EPA?s responsibility under the law is to establish standards that protect public health. As part of the current review of the ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS), the US EPA evaluated the health exposure and ...

389

Vessel eddy current measurement for the National Spherical Torus Experiment  

SciTech Connect

A simple analog circuit that measures the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) axisymmetric eddy current distribution has been designed and constructed. It is based on simple circuit model of the NSTX vacuum vessel that was calibrated using a special axisymmetric eddy current code which was written so that accuracy was maintained in the vicinity of the current filaments [J. Menard, J. Fusion Tech. (to be published)]. The measurement and the model have been benchmarked against data from numerous vacuum shots and they are in excellent agreement. This is an important measurement that helps give more accurate equilibrium reconstructions.

Gates, D.A.; Menard, J.E.; Marsala, R.J. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, P.O. Box 451, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)

2004-12-01

390

Nevada Test Site National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Calendar Year 2008  

SciTech Connect

The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is operated by the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office. From 1951 through 1992, the NTS was the continental testing location for U.S. nuclear weapons. The release of radionuclides from NTS activities has been monitored since the initiation of atmospheric testing. Limitation to under-ground detonations after 1962 greatly reduced radiation exposure to the public surrounding the NTS. After nuclear testing ended in 1992, NTS radiation monitoring focused on detecting airborne radionuclides from historically contaminated soils. These radionuclides are derived from re-suspension of soil (primarily by winds) and emission of tritium-contaminated soil moisture through evapotranspiration. Low amounts of tritium were also emitted to air at the North Las Vegas Facility (NLVF), an NTS support complex in the city of North Las Vegas. To protect the public from harmful levels of man-made radiation, the Clean Air Act, National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) (Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations [CFR] Part 61 Subpart H) (CFR, 2008a) limits the release of radioactivity from a U.S. Department of Energy facility (e.g., the NTS) to 10 millirem per year (mrem/yr) effective dose equivalent to any member of the public. This limit does not include radiation not related to NTS activities. Unrelated doses could come from naturally occurring radioactive elements or from other man-made sources such as medical treatments. The NTS demonstrates compliance with the NESHAP limit by using environmental measurements of radionuclide air concentrations at critical receptor locations. This method was approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for use on the NTS in 2001 and has been the sole method used since 2005. Six locations on the NTS have been established to act as critical receptor locations to demonstrate compliance with the NESHAP limit. These locations are actually pseudo-critical receptor stations, because no member of the public actually resides at these onsite locations. Compliance is demonstrated if the measured annual average concentration of each detected radionuclide at each of these locations is less than the NESHAP Concentration Levels (CLs) for Environmental Compliance listed in 40 CFR 61, Appendix E, Table 2 (CFR, 2008a). At any one location, if multiple radionuclides are detected then compliance with NESHAP is demonstrated when the sum of the fractions (determined by dividing each radionuclide's concentration by its CL and then adding the fractions together) is less than 1.0. In 2008, the potential dose from radiological emissions to air, from both current and past NTS activities, at onsite compliance monitoring stations was a maximum of 1.9 mrem/yr; well below the 10 mrem/yr dose limit. Air sampling data collected at all six pseudo-critical receptor stations had average concentrations of radioactivity that were a fraction of the CL values listed in Table 2 in Appendix E of 40 CFR 61 (CFR, 2008a). Concentrations ranged from less than 1 percent to a maximum of 19 percent of the allowed NESHAP limit. Because the nearest member of the public resides approximately 20 kilometers (12 miles) from the NTS boundary, concentrations at this location would be only a small fraction of that measured on the NTS. Potential dose to the public from NLVF was also very low at 0.00006 mrem/yr; more than 160,000 times lower than the 10 mrem/yr limit.

Ronald Warren and Robert F. Grossman

2009-06-30

391

National standards and code compliance for electrical equipment and instruments installed in hazardous locations for the cone penetrometer  

SciTech Connect

The cone penetrometer is designed to measure the material properties of waste tank contents at the Hanford Site. The penetrometer system consists of a skid-mounted assembly, a penetrometer assembly (composed of a guide tube and a push rod), an active neutron moisture measurement probe, decontamination unit, and a support trailer containing a diesel-engine-driven hydraulic pump and a generator. The skid-mounted assembly is about 8 feet wide by 23 feet long and 15 feet high. Its nominal weight is about 40,000 pounds with the provisions to add up to 54,500 pounds of additional ballast. This document describes the cone penetrometer electrical instruments and how it complies with national standards.

Bussell, J.H.

1996-03-01

392

Basis to demonstrate compliance with the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for the Stand-off Experiments Range  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to provide the basis and the documentation to demonstrate general compliance with the National Emission Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPS) 40 CFR 61 Subpart H, “National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other Than Radon from Department of Energy Facilities,” (the Standard) for outdoor linear accelerator operations at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Stand-off Experiments Range (SOX). The intent of this report is to inform and gain acceptance of this methodology from the governmental bodies regulating the INL.

Michael Sandvig

2011-01-01

393

National Skills Standards Development Program: Organization and Operation of Technical Committees To Develop National Skill Standards for Competency in the Electronics Industry. The Third Party Summative Evaluation of the Electronic Industries Foundation Project. Phase I & II. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Electronics Industries Foundation was awarded a project to develop national entry-level standards and a certification system. Ten specialties were included: automotive electronics, avionics, biomedical electronics, business machines, consumer products electronics, general electronics, industrial electronics, instrumentation, microcomputer, and…

Losh, Charles

394

76 FR 76259 - National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Primary Aluminum Reduction Plants  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...relevant factors in doing...standard is required to prevent...relevant factors, an adverse...approach in making CAA section...Chloride decision at 824 F...line for making that determination...measures and factors. These include...of safety decision process...health, as required by CAA...

2011-12-06

395

40 CFR 50.17 - National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...standard shall be measured by a reference method based on appendix A or A-1 of this part, or by a Federal Equivalent Method (FEM) designated in accordance with part 53 of this chapter. [75 FR 35592, June 22, 2010] Effective Date Note: At...

2010-07-01

396

40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Jjjjjj... - Work Practice Standards, Emission Reduction Measures, and Management Practices  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boilers Area Sources Pt...operator, (4) A review of available architectural and engineering plans, facility operation and maintenance procedures...

2014-07-01

397

40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Jjjjjj... - Work Practice Standards, Emission Reduction Measures, and Management Practices  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boilers Area Sources Pt...operator, (4) A review of available architectural and engineering plans, facility operation and maintenance procedures...

2013-07-01

398

40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Jjjjjj... - Work Practice Standards, Emission Reduction Measures, and Management Practices  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boilers Area Sources Pt...boiler(s), (4) A review of available architectural and engineering plans, facility operation and maintenance procedures...

2011-07-01

399

40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Jjjjjj... - Work Practice Standards, Emission Reduction Measures, and Management Practices  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boilers Area Sources Pt...boiler(s), (4) A review of available architectural and engineering plans, facility operation and maintenance procedures...

2012-07-01

400

Developing glovebox robotics to meet the national robot safety standard and nuclear safety criteria  

SciTech Connect

Development of a glove box based robotic system by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is reported. Safety issues addressed include planning to meet the special constraints of operations within a hazardous material glove box and with hostile environments, compliance with the current and draft national robotic system safety standards, and eventual satisfaction of nuclear material handling requirements. Special attention has been required for the revision to the robot and control system models which antedate adoption of the present national safety standard. A robotic test bed, using non-radioactive surrogates is being activated at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to develop the material handling system and the process interfaces for future special nuclear material processing applications. Part of this effort is to define, test, and revise adequate safety controls to ensure success when the system is eventually deployed at a DOE site. The current system is primarily for demonstration and testing, but will evolve into the baseline configuration from which the production system is to be derived. This results in special hazards associated with research activities which may not be present on a production line. Nuclear safety is of paramount importance and has been successfully addressed for 50 years in the DOE weapons production complex. It carries its particular requirements for robot systems and manual operations, as summarized below: Criticality must be avoided (materials cannot consolidate or accumulate to approach a critical mass). Radioactive materials must be confined. The public and workers must be protected from accountable radiation exposure. Nuclear material must be readily retrievable. Nuclear safety must be conclusively demonstrated through hazards analysis. 7 refs.

McMahon, T.T.; Sievers, R.H. (Science Applications International Corp., Pleasanton, CA (United States))

1991-09-01

401

National Institute of Standards and Technology Act SECTION 1. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES (15 U.S.C. 271)1  

E-print Network

important laboratory discoveries into commercial products. (4) Scientific progress, public safety a science, engineering, technology, and measurement laboratory to be known as the National Institute of industrial technology. (6) The Federal Government should maintain a national science, engineering

402

Optical refrigeration to 119 K, below National Institute of Standards and Technology cryogenic temperature.  

PubMed

We report on bulk optical refrigeration of Yb:YLF crystal to a temperature of ~124 K, starting from the ambient. This is achieved by pumping the E4-E5 Stark multiplet transition at ~1020 nm. A lower temperature of 119±1 K (~-154C) with available cooling power of 18 mW is attained when the temperature of the surrounding crystal is reduced to 210 K. This result is within only a few degrees of the minimum achievable temperature of our crystal and signifies the bulk solid-state laser cooling below the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)-defined cryogenic temperature of 123 K. PMID:23632561

Melgaard, Seth D; Seletskiy, Denis V; Di Lieto, Alberto; Tonelli, Mauro; Sheik-Bahae, Mansoor

2013-05-01

403

An overview of the National Space Science data Center Standard Information Retrieval System (SIRS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A general overview is given of the National Space Science Data Center (NSSDC) Standard Information Retrieval System. A description, in general terms, the information system that contains the data files and the software system that processes and manipulates the files maintained at the Data Center. Emphasis is placed on providing users with an overview of the capabilities and uses of the NSSDC Standard Information Retrieval System (SIRS). Examples given are taken from the files at the Data Center. Detailed information about NSSDC data files is documented in a set of File Users Guides, with one user's guide prepared for each file processed by SIRS. Detailed information about SIRS is presented in the SIRS Users Guide.

Shapiro, A.; Blecher, S.; Verson, E. E.; King, M. L. (editor)

1974-01-01

404

Standard audiograms for the IEC 60118-15 measurement procedure.  

PubMed

For the characterization of hearing aids, a new test method has been defined in the new International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) standard 60118-15. For this characterization, the hearing aid will be set to actual user settings as programmed by standard fitting software from the hearing aid manufacturer. To limit the variation of programming outcomes, 10 standard audiograms, which cover the entire range of audiograms met in clinical practice, have been defined. This article describes how the set of standard audiograms has been developed. This set of standard audiogram has been derived by a vector quantization analysis method on a database of 28,244 audiograms. Using this analysis method, sets of typical audiograms have been obtained of sizes 12 and 60. It turned out that the smaller set could not be used for selecting audiograms as sloping audiograms were absent. Therefore, the larger set has been analyzed to provide seven standard audiograms for flat and moderately sloping hearing loss and three standard audiograms for steep hearing loss. PMID:20724358

Bisgaard, Nikolai; Vlaming, Marcel S M G; Dahlquist, Martin

2010-06-01

405

Standard Audiograms for the IEC 60118-15 Measurement Procedure  

PubMed Central

For the characterization of hearing aids, a new test method has been defined in the new International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) standard 60118–15. For this characterization, the hearing aid will be set to actual user settings as programmed by standard fitting software from the hearing aid manufacturer. To limit the variation of programming outcomes, 10 standard audiograms, which cover the entire range of audiograms met in clinical practice, have been defined. This article describes how the set of standard audiograms has been developed. This set of standard audiogram has been derived by a vector quantization analysis method on a database of 28,244 audiograms. Using this analysis method, sets of typical audiograms have been obtained of sizes 12 and 60. It turned out that the smaller set could not be used for selecting audiograms as sloping audiograms were absent. Therefore, the larger set has been analyzed to provide seven standard audiograms for flat and moderately sloping hearing loss and three standard audiograms for steep hearing loss. PMID:20724358

Bisgaard, Nikolai; Vlaming, Marcel S. M. G.; Dahlquist, Martin

2010-01-01

406

Predicting Football Players' Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry Body Composition Using Standard Anthropometric Measures  

PubMed Central

Context: The recent increase in athlete size, particularly in football athletes of all levels, coupled with the increased health risk associated with obesity warrants continued monitoring of body composition from a health perspective in this population. Equations developed to predict percentage of body fat (%Fat) have been shown to be population specific and might not be accurate for football athletes. Objective: To develop multiple regression equations using standard anthropometric measurements to estimate dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry %Fat (DEXA%Fat) in collegiate football players. Design: Controlled laboratory study. Patients and Other Participants: One hundred fifty-seven National Collegiate Athletic Association Division IA football athletes (age ?=? 20 ± 1 years, height ?=? 185.6 ± 6.5 cm, mass ?=? 103.1 ± 20.4 kg, DEXA%Fat ?=? 19.5 ± 9.1%) participated. Main Outcome Measure(s): Participants had the following measures: (1) body composition testing with dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry; (2) skinfold measurements in millimeters, including chest, triceps, subscapular, midaxillary, suprailiac, abdominal (SFAB), and thigh; and (3) standard circumference measurements in centimeters, including ankle, calf, thigh, hip (AHIP), waist, umbilical (AUMB), chest, wrist, forearm, arm, and neck. Regression analysis and fit statistics were used to determine the relationship between DEXA%Fat and each skinfold thickness, sum of all skinfold measures (SFSUM), and individual circumference measures. Results: Statistical analysis resulted in the development of 3 equations to predict DEXA%Fat: model 1, (0.178 • AHIP) + (0.097 • AUMB) + (0.089 • SFSUM) ? 19.641; model 2, (0.193 • AHIP) + (0.133 • AUMB) + (0.371 • SFAB) ? 23.0523; and model 3, (0.132 • SFSUM) + 3.530. The R2 values were 0.94 for model 1, 0.93 for model 2, and 0.91 for model 3 (for all, P < .001). Conclusions: The equations developed provide an accurate way to assess DEXA%Fat in collegiate football players using standard anthropometric measures so athletic trainers and coaches can monitor these athletes at increased health risk due to increased size. PMID:22892406

Oliver, Jonathan M.; Lambert, Brad S.; Martin, Steven E.; Green, John S.; Crouse, Stephen F.

2012-01-01

407

National Center for Standards and Certification Information (NCSCI) Policy The U.S. Department of Commerce (DOC), National Institute of Standards and Technology  

E-print Network

://standards.gov/sibr/query/index.cfm · You can also try a search for standard equivalences using NSSN, a search engine for standards provided standards developed by international organizations (examples: ISO, IEC) Helpful Tips: · For general; ASTM, for example: www.astm.org. Search for "exact title" or a few keywords. Note that in the USA

408

29 CFR (non - mandatory) Appendix C to Subpart L of Part 1926-List of National Consensus Standards  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Subpart L of Part 1926-List of National Consensus Standards (Non Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL...CONSTRUCTION Scaffolds Pt. 1926, Subpt. L, App. C (Non-mandatory) Appendix C to Subpart L of Part 1926—List...

2011-07-01

409

75 FR 39252 - Release of Final Documents Related to the Review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Particulate Matter AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA...Quantitative Health Risk Assessment for Particulate Matter and Particulate Matter Urban-Focused Visibility Assessment. These...

2010-07-08

410

PREDICTING THE IMPACT OF TROPOSPHERIC OZONE ON PLANTS AND ECOSYSTEMS AS A BASIS FOR SETTING NATIONAL AIR QUALITY STANDARDS  

EPA Science Inventory

The Clean Air Act provides for establishing National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) to protect public welfare (including crops, forests, ecosystems, and soils) from adverse effects of air pollutants, including tropospheric ozone. The formulation of policies is science-base...

411

Energy Measurement in the Standard Penetration Test (SPT)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from the University of British Columbia Department of Civil Engineering provides general information about the Standard Penetration Test (SPT), as well as information on equipment, uses, procedures, and problems.

2008-02-07

412

Secondary Analysis of Anthropometric Data from a South African National Food Consumption Survey, Using Different Growth Reference Standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) references were used to analyse anthropometric data from the 1999 National\\u000a Food Consumption Survey (NFCS) of South Africa. Since then, however, The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)\\u000a 2000 reference and the World Health Organization (WHO) 2006 standards were released. It was anticipated that these reference\\u000a and standards may lead to differences

L. Bosman; M. G. Herselman; H. S. Kruger; D. Labadarios

413

National emission standards for hazardous air pollutants (NESHAP) for the aerospace manufacturing and rework industry: Background information for promulgated standards -- Addendum. Final report  

SciTech Connect

On September 1, 1995, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) promulgated national emission standards for hazardous air pollutant (NESHAP) emissions from major sources in the aerospace industry. These final standards implemented Section 112(d) of the Clean Air Act as amended in 1990 (the Act). Amendments to the final rule were promulgated on March 27, 1998. Also on March 27, 1998, the EPA proposed additional amendments to the final rule. Nineteen comment letters were submitted by representatives from fifteen companies or organizations, consisting of general aviation rework and manufacturing facilities, paint arrestor and filtration product manufacturers, filter testing laboratories, major aerospace (equipment) manufacturers, and industry trade associations. This document is an addendum to volume 2 of National Emission Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for the Aerospace Industry -- Background Information for Promulgated Standards, July 1995.

NONE

1998-07-01

414

Comparison of methods for estimating Wet-Bulb Globe Temperature index from standard meteorological measurements.  

PubMed

Environmental heat illness and injuries are a serious concern for the Army and Marines. Currently, the Wet-Bulb Globe Temperature (WBGT) index is used to evaluate heat injury risk. The index is a weighted average of dry-bulb temperature (Tdb), black globe temperature (Tbg), and natural wet-bulb temperature (Tnwb). The WBGT index would be more widely used if it could be determined using standard weather instruments. This study compares models developed by Liljegren at Argonne National Laboratory and by Matthew at the U.S. Army Institute of Environmental Medicine that calculate WBGT using standard meteorological measurements. Both models use air temperature (Ta), relative humidity, wind speed, and global solar radiation (RG) to calculate Tnwb and Tbg. The WBGT and meteorological data used for model validation were collected at Griffin, Georgia and Yuma Proving Ground (YPG), Arizona. Liljegren (YPG: R(2) = 0.709, p < 0.01; Griffin: R(2) = 0.854, p < 0.01) showed closer agreement between calculated and actual WBGT than Matthew (YPG: R(2) = 0.630, p < 0.01; Griffin: R(2) = 0.677, p < 0.01). Compared to actual WBGT heat categorization, the Matthew model tended to underpredict compared to Liljegren's classification. Results indicate Liljegren is an acceptable alternative to direct WBGT measurement, but verification under other environmental conditions is needed. PMID:23929057

Patel, Tejash; Mullen, Stephen P; Santee, William R

2013-08-01

415

Evaluation of Pre-Service Teacher Preparation for Achieving the National Standards for Beginning Physical Education Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to investigate pre-service physical education teachers' self-assessment of their competent levels in achieving the national standards for beginning physical education teachers (National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE), 1995). One hundred seventy-three pre-service teachers in 10 physical education…

Chen, Weiyun

2003-01-01

416

Fats and oils in the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference – Uses of data and currency issues  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The objectives of the presentation are to: 1) provide a brief overview of the USDA National Nutrient Databank System and National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference (SR); 2) describe the use of oils data by the USDA and other scientific organizations; 3) describe recent fats and oils sampling ...

417

40 CFR Appendix T to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Sulfur (Sulfur...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Interpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Sulfur (Sulfur...NATIONAL PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS Pt. 50, App. T Appendix...Interpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Sulfur...

2011-07-01

418

40 CFR Appendix T to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Sulfur (Sulfur...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Interpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Sulfur (Sulfur...NATIONAL PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS Pt. 50, App. T Appendix...Interpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Sulfur...

2010-07-01

419

34 CFR 403.202 - What must each State's system of core standards and measures of performance include?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...standards and measures of performance include? 403.202 Section...standards and measures of performance include? (a) The statewide...standards and measures of performance for vocational education programs...student progress in achieving occupational skills necessary to...

2010-07-01

420

A standards-based formative evaluation of a national professional development program for science teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 1996 National Science Education Standards provided educators and policy makers with a major impetus for constructive change in science education. The Standards not only specified what science content should be taught, but also provided organization for future science curricula. A major theme that pervades the Standards is that the classroom teacher is the most important component of classroom change and that reform efforts should be directed at improving the teaching of science through professional development for science teachers. In response to the National Science Education Standards, the Science Teachers Organization (pseudonym) prepared a professional development program for science teachers that was intended to acquaint teachers with the Standards and bring about reform of science teaching by changing teachers' instructional strategies and procedures. This program, named Preparing Schools for Science (PSS), was designed for use in all of the 50 states, but was first introduced in a southwestern state referred to as Utopia in this dissertation. Using the Provus Method of Discrepancy Evaluation, a design and installation audit of the Preparing Schools for Science Program was performed. Suggestions for program improvement, as well as a complete evaluation design for the PSS Program, were presented. Specific program modifications suggested by the research included an improved organization of personnel to monitor and supervise the program, more sustained professional development workshops, a stronger network of support for teachers. Five major implications for future professional development programs emerge from this research. (1) A needs analysis should be conducted before a program is designed in order to ensure that the program meet the needs of those for whom it is intended. (2) The length and type of training are the most important factors in ensuring that teachers have sufficient time to incorporate and learn how to use new ideas. (3) Additional personnel are needed to conduct the training and follow-up with the Points of Contact (POCs) in the Program. (4) Financial support for the Key Leaders who serve as trainers of the points of contact is needed to provide the means for the key leaders to fully implement the program and maintain contact with the POCs. (5) The program should have a thorough and well-planned evaluation design, and data collection should be done in a timely fashion by a skilled evaluator.

Raphael, Carol Greco

2002-09-01

421

Surgical leadership and standardization of multidisciplinary breast cancer care: the evolution of the National Accreditation Program for Breast Centers.  

PubMed

Evidence has shown that multidisciplinary specialist team evaluation and management for cancer results in better patient outcomes. For breast cancer, breast centers are where this evaluation and management occurs. The National Accreditation Program for Breast Centers has helped standardize multidisciplinary breast cancer care by defining services and standards required of accredited breast centers. PMID:24882354

Bensenhaver, Jessica; Winchester, David P

2014-07-01

422

Learning-Goals-Driven Design Model: Developing Curriculum Materials that Align with National Standards and Incorporate Project-Based Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reform efforts in science education emphasize the importance of rigorous treatment of science standards and use of innovative pedagogical approaches to make science more meaningful and successful. In this paper, we present a learning-goals-driven design model for developing curriculum materials, which combines national standards and a…

Krajcik, Joseph; McNeill, Katherine L.; Reiser, Brian J.

2008-01-01

423

An evaluation of MoReq2 in the context of national EDRMS standard developments in the UK and Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to show the differences between European Electronic Document and Records Management System (EDRMS) standards in Europe with special focus on MoReq2 and TNA 2002 and to explore the benefits and problems of superseding national standards by a European model. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Interviews were conducted with 18 key stakeholders from across Europe. The

Philipp Wilhelm

2009-01-01

424

Integrating Susceptibility into Environmental Policy: An Analysis of the National Ambient Air Quality Standard for Lead  

PubMed Central

Susceptibility to chemical toxins has not been adequately addressed in risk assessment methodologies. As a result, environmental policies may fail to meet their fundamental goal of protecting the public from harm. This study examines how characterization of risk may change when susceptibility is explicitly considered in policy development; in particular we examine the process used by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to set a National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for lead. To determine a NAAQS, EPA estimated air lead-related decreases in child neurocognitive function through a combination of multiple data elements including concentration-response (CR) functions. In this article, we present alternative scenarios for determining a lead NAAQS using CR functions developed in populations more susceptible to lead toxicity due to socioeconomic disadvantage. The use of CR functions developed in susceptible groups resulted in cognitive decrements greater than original EPA estimates. EPA’s analysis suggested that a standard level of 0.15 µg/m3 would fulfill decision criteria, but by incorporating susceptibility we found that options for the standard could reasonably be extended to lower levels. The use of data developed in susceptible populations would result in the selection of a more protective NAAQS under the same decision framework applied by EPA. Results are used to frame discussion regarding why cumulative risk assessment methodologies are needed to help inform policy development. PMID:22690184

Chari, Ramya; Burke, Thomas A.; White, Ronald H.; Fox, Mary A.

2012-01-01

425

Division of Measurement Standards Department of Food and Agriculture  

E-print Network

as Measures D6-1 Article 2.2. Electric Watt-Hour Meters D7-1 Article 2.3. Carbon Dioxide Liquid Measuring2-71 Section 3.30. Liquid-Measuring Devices D3-1 LMD Index LMD-INDEX-1 Section 3.31. Vehicle-Tank Meters D3-21 Section 3.32. Liquefied Petroleum Gas and Anhydrous Ammonia Liquid-Measuring Devices D3

426

Division of Measurement Standards Department of Food and Agriculture  

E-print Network

as Measures D6-1 Article 2.2. Electric Watt-Hour Meters D7-1 Article 2.3. Carbon Dioxide Liquid Measuring2-67 Section 3.30. Liquid-Measuring Devices D3-1 LMD Index LMD-INDEX-1 Section 3.31. Vehicle-Tank Meters D3-21 Section 3.32. Liquefied Petroleum Gas and Anhydrous Ammonia Liquid-Measuring Devices D3

427

Measuring Equity: Creating a New Standard for Inputs and Outputs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to introduce a new statistic to capture the ratio of equitable student outcomes given equitable inputs. Given the fact that finance structures should be aligned to outcome standards according to judicial interpretation, a ratio of outputs to inputs, or "equity ratio," is introduced to discern if conclusions can be…

Knoeppel, Robert C.; Della Sala, Matthew R.

2013-01-01

428

Laser guide star measurements at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Recent studies from the Laser Guide Star Project at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory are presented. Photometry of the return signal has shown that the photon return is approximately 10 photons/cm{sup 2}ms at the pupil of the receiving telescope in agreement with a detailed model of the sodium interaction. Wavefronts of the laser guide star have also been measured with a Shack-Hartmann technique and power spectra have been shown to agree with those of nearby natural stars. Plans for closed loop demonstrations using the laser guide star at LLNL and nearby Lick Observatory are discussed.

Friedman, H.; Avicola, K.; Bissinger, H.; Brase, J.; Duff, J.; Gavel, D.; Horton, J.; Max, C.; Olivier, S.; Rapp, D.; Salmon, T.; Smauley, D.; Waltjen, K.

1993-02-01

429

Where Do Standards Come from? A Phenomenological Study of the Development of National Board Early Childhood/Generalist Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this phenomenological study was to construct a description and interpretation of the standards development process of the Early Childhood/Generalist Standards documents, both first edition and second edition, using an analysis of the actions of and interactions between committee members, professional organization representatives,…

Camp, Deborah Graves

2007-01-01

430

The development and certification of Standard Reference Materials (SRMs) to assess and ensure accurate measurement of Pb in the environment.  

PubMed

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has had a major quality-assurance role in the federal effort to reduce lead poisoning of children in the United States through its mission of ensuring the accuracy of chemical measurements. NIST certifies reference materials (standard reference materials--SRMs) that are used to benchmark measurements by secondary and field methods of analysis--to ensure that decisions of great health and economic impact are soundly based on good measurement science. Over the past 10 years, in cooperation with the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), and the United States Geological Survey (USGS), NIST has prepared and certified SRMs for lead content in soil, indoor dust, and paint. The role of these materials in meeting regulatory and abatement needs is described and their certified values are summarized. PMID:11569861

Fassett, J D; MacDonald, B S

2001-08-01

431

Overview of Photovoltaic Calibration and Measurement Standards at GRC  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Photovoltaic (PV) systems (cells and arrays) for spacecraft power have become an international market. This market demands accurate prediction of the solar array power output in space throughout the mission life of the spacecraft. Since the beginning of space flight, space-faring nations have independently developed methods to calibrate solar cells for power output in low Earth orbit (LEO). These methods rely on terrestrial, laboratory, or extraterrestrial light sources to simulate or approximate the air mass zero (AM0) solar intensity and spectrum.

Baraona, Cosmo; Snyder, David; Brinker, David; Bailey, Sheila; Curtis, Henry; Scheiman, David; Jenkins, Phillip

2002-01-01

432

Standard guide for making quality nondestructive assay measurements  

E-print Network

1.1 This guide is a compendium of Quality Measurement Practices for performing measurements of radioactive material using nondestructive assay (NDA) instruments. The primary purpose of the guide is to assist users in arriving at quality NDA results, that is, results that satisfy the end user’s needs. This is accomplished by providing an acceptable and uniform basis for the collection, analysis, comparison, and application of data. The recommendations are not compulsory or prerequisites to achieving quality NDA measurements, but are considered contributory in most areas. 1.2 This guide applies to the use of NDA instrumentation for the measurement of nuclear materials by the observation of spontaneous or stimulated nuclear radiations, including photons, neutrons, or the flow of heat. Recommended calibration, operating, and assurance methods represent guiding principles based on current NDA technology. The diversity of industry-wide nuclear materials measurement applications and instrumentation precludes disc...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2009-01-01

433

[FRC measurement in intensive care patients. A definition of standards].  

PubMed

Determination of Functional Residual Capacity (FRC) can be performed through washout methods, indicator gas dilution or bodyplethysmography. Some of these techniques have been adapted for use in intensive care patients whilst being mechanically ventilated. However, most measurement setups are bulky, cumbersome to use and their running costs are high. Hence FRC measurement has not become a routine method in intensive care although it offers considerable advantages in the management of ventilated patients such as the determination of "best PEEP", the detection of progressive alveolar collapse in the course of acute lung injury and during weaning from mechanical ventilation. Up to now most efforts to improve and simplify FRC measurement were made at the expense of accuracy. An ideal method ought to be accurate, easy to handle and cost-effective. It should supply not only FRC data but also information about intrapulmonary gas distribution and dead space. These demands can be met using modern data acquisition software. The pros and cons of all methods available for FRC measurement are discussed in view of their suitability for intensive care patients. A conventional nitrogen washout using emission spectroscopy for measurement of nitrogen concentration gives satisfying exact values for the determination of the parameters mentioned above. The measurement error can be lowered under 5% by special corrections for flow and nitrogen signal (delay and rise times, changes of gas viscosity). For flow measurement a normal pneumotachograph can be used. Using a laptop computer for data acquisition the bed-side monitor fulfills most of the demands in intensive care. It is then also possible to measure indices of intrapulmonary gas distribution such as Alveolar Mixing Efficiency and Lung Clearance Index. PMID:9830556

Wauer, H J; Lorenz, B A; Kox, W J

1998-10-01

434

Radiation Protection. Measurement of radioactivity in the environment - Air- radon 222. A proposed ISO standard.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Radon isotopes (222, 220, 219) are radioactive gases produced by the disintegration of radium isotopes 226, 224 and 223, which are decay products of uranium238, thorium232 and uranium235 respectively. All are found in the earth's crust. Solid elements, also radioactive, are produced by radon disintegration. Radon is classed as a rare gas in the periodic table of elements, along with helium, argon, neon, krypton and xenon. When disintegrating, radon emits alpha particles and generates solid decay products, which are also radioactive (polonium, bismuth, lead etc.). The potential danger of radon lies in its solid decay products rather than the gas itself. Whether or not they are attached aerosols, radon decay products can be inhaled and deposited in the bronchopulmonary tree to varying depths according to their size. Radon today is considered to be the main source of human exposure to natural radiation. At the international level, radon accounts for 52% of global average exposure to natural radiation. Isotope 222 (48%) is far more significant than isotope 220 (4%), whilst isotope 219 is considered as negligible. Exposure to radon varies considerably from one region to another, depending on factors such as weather conditions, and underlying geology. Activity concentration can therefore vary by a factor of 10 or even a 100 from one period of time to the next and from one area to another. There are many ways of measuring the radon 222 activity concentration and the potential alpha energy concentration of its short-lived decay products. Measuring techniques fall into three categories: - spot measurement methods; continuous measurement; integrated measurement. The proposed ISO (International Organisation for Standardisation) document suggests guidelines for measuring radon222 activity concentration and the potential alpha energy concentration of its short-lived decay products in a free (environment) and confined (buildings) atmosphere. The target date for availability of this work item is 2011. The ISO document here highlighted is a working draft. ISO is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies. Keywords: radon; international standards; measurement techniques.

Gillmore, G.; Woods, M.

2009-04-01

435

First among Others? Cohen's "d" vs. Alternative Standardized Mean Group Difference Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Standardized effect size measures typically employed in behavioral and social sciences research in the multi-group case (e.g., [eta][superscript 2], f[superscript 2]) evaluate between-group variability in terms of either total or within-group variability, such as variance or standard deviation--that is, measures of dispersion about the mean. In…

Cahan, Sorel; Gamliel, Eyal

2011-01-01

436

Using quasars as standard clocks for measuring cosmological redshift.  

PubMed

We report hitherto unnoticed patterns in quasar light curves. We characterize segments of the quasar's light curves with the slopes of the straight lines fit through them. These slopes appear to be directly related to the quasars' redshifts. Alternatively, using only global shifts in time and flux, we are able to find significant overlaps between the light curves of different pairs of quasars by fitting the ratio of their redshifts. We are then able to reliably determine the redshift of one quasar from another. This implies that one can use quasars as standard clocks, as we explicitly demonstrate by constructing two independent methods of finding the redshift of a quasar from its light curve. PMID:23003944

Dai, De-Chang; Starkman, Glenn D; Stojkovic, Branislav; Stojkovic, Dejan; Weltman, Amanda

2012-06-01

437

Measurement of pH. Definition, Standards, and Procedures  

E-print Network

. TARGET UNCERTAINTIES FOR MEASUREMENT OF SECONDARY BUFFER SOLUTIONS 11. CALIBRATION OF pH METER-ELECTRODE ASSEMBLIES AND TARGET UNCERTAINTIES FOR UNKNOWNS 12. GLOSSARY 13. ANNEX: MEASUREMENT UNCERTAINTY 14. SUMMARY OF RECOMMENDATIONS 15. REFERENCES R. P... INTRODUCTION AND SCOPE 1.1 pH, a single ion quantity The concept of pH is unique among the commonly encountered physicochemical quantities listed in the IUPAC Green Book [3] in that, in terms of its definition [4], pH = ?lg aH it involves a single ion quantity...

Wilson, George S.; Buck, R. P.; Rondinini, S.; Covington, A. K.; Baucke, F. G. K.; Brett, C. M. A.; Camõ es, M. F.; Milton, M. J. T.; Mussini, T.; Naumann, R.; Pratt, K. W.; Spitzer, P.

2002-01-01

438

Standardization of surface potential measurements of graphene domains  

PubMed Central

We compare the three most commonly used scanning probe techniques to obtain a reliable value of the work function in graphene domains of different thickness. The surface potential (SP) of graphene is directly measured in Hall bar geometry via a combination of electrical functional microscopy and spectroscopy techniques, which enables calibrated work function measurements of graphene domains in ambient conditions with values ?1LG ~4.55 ± 0.02?eV and ?2LG ~ 4.44 ± 0.02?eV for single- and bi-layer, respectively. We demonstrate that frequency-modulated Kelvin probe force microscopy (FM-KPFM) provides more accurate measurement of the SP than amplitude-modulated (AM)-KPFM. The discrepancy between experimental results obtained by different techniques is discussed. In addition, we use FM-KPFM for contactless measurements of the specific components of the device resistance. We show a strong non-Ohmic behavior of the electrode-graphene contact resistance and extract the graphene channel resistivity. PMID:24008915

Panchal, Vishal; Pearce, Ruth; Yakimova, Rositza; Tzalenchuk, Alexander; Kazakova, Olga

2013-01-01

439

Flow Disturbance Characterization Measurements in the National Transonic Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Recent flow measurements have been acquired in the National Transonic Facility (NTF) to assess the unsteady flow environment in the test section. The primary purpose of the test is to determine the feasibility of the NTF to conduct laminar-flow-control testing and boundary-layer transition sensitive testing. The NTF can operate in two modes, warm (air) and cold/cryogenic (nitrogen) test conditions for testing full and semispan scaled models. The warm-air mode enables low to moderately high Reynolds numbers through the use of high tunnel pressure, and the nitrogen mode enables high Reynolds numbers up to flight conditions, depending on aircraft type and size, utilizing high tunnel pressure and cryogenic temperatures. NASA's Environmentally Responsible Aviation (ERA) project is interested in demonstrating different laminar-flow technologies at flight-relevant operating conditions throughout the transonic Mach number range and the NTF is well suited for the initial ground-based demonstrations. Roll polar data at selected test conditions were obtained to look at the uniformity of the flow disturbance field in the test section. Data acquired from the rake probes included mean total temperatures, mean and fluctuating static/total pressures, and mean and fluctuating hot-wire measurements. . Based on the current measurements and previous data, an assessment was made that the NTF is a suitable facility for ground-based demonstrations of laminar-flow technologies at flight-relevant conditions in the cryogenic mode.

King, Rudolph A.; Andino, Marlyn Y.; Melton, Latunia; Eppink, Jenna; Kegerise, Michael A.; Tsoi, Andrew

2012-01-01

440

Lessons from the National Outcomes Measurement System (NOMS).  

PubMed

Significant reforms in education are changing the way school-based speech-language pathologists document and provide treatment. Faced with resource constraints and new mandates for accountability, clinicians are being pressured to demonstrate the value and impact of their services. To assist clinicians with meeting these challenges, the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association developed the National Outcomes Measurement System (NOMS) as a way to determine the effectiveness of school-based speech and language services. Data collected from NOMS are used to discuss: the effects of speech and language intervention on a student's ability to perform in the classroom, the key factors influencing progress for preschoolers with articulation disorders, and the impact of a clinician's caseload size on the outcomes students achieve. PMID:14533056

Schooling, Tracy L

2003-08-01

441

Impact of the U.S. National Building Information Model Standard (NBIMS) on Building Energy Performance Simulation  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. National Institute for Building Sciences (NIBS) started the development of the National Building Information Model Standard (NBIMS). Its goal is to define standard sets of data required to describe any given building in necessary detail so that any given AECO industry discipline application can find needed data at any point in the building lifecycle. This will include all data that are used in or are pertinent to building energy performance simulation and analysis. This paper describes the background that lead to the development of NBIMS, its goals and development methodology, its Part 1 (Version 1.0), and its probable impact on building energy performance simulation and analysis.

Bazjanac, Vladimir

2007-08-01

442

Measurement of Body Composition: is there a Gold Standard?  

PubMed Central

Background Maintaining lean body mass (LBM) after a severe burn is an essential goal of modern burn treatment. An accurate determination of LBM is necessary for short- and longterm therapeutic decisions. The aim of this study was to compare 2 measurement methods for body composition, wholebody potassium counting (K count) and dual x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), in a large prospective clinical trial in severely burned pediatric patients. Methods Two-hundred seventy-nine patients admitted with burns covering 40% of total body surface area (TBSA) were enrolled in the study. Patients enrolled were controls or received long-term treatment with recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH). Near-simultaneous measurements of LBM with DEXA and fat-free mass (FFM) with K count were performed at hospital discharge and at 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months post injury. Results were correlated using Pearson’s regression analysis. Agreement between the 2 methods was analyzed with the Bland-Altman method. Results Age, gender distribution, weight, burn size, and admission time from injury were not significantly different between control and treatment groups. rhGH and control patients at all time points postburn showed a good correlation between LBM and FFM measurements (R2 between 0.9 and 0.95). Bland-Altman revealed that the mean bias and 95% limits of agreement depended only on patient weight and not on treatment or time postburn. The 95% limits ranged from 0.1 ± 2.9 kg for LBM or FFM in 7- to 18-kg patients to 16.3 ± 17.8 kg for LBM or FFM in patients >60 kg. Conclusions DEXA can provide a sufficiently accurate determination of LBM and changes in body composition, but a correction factor must be included for older children and adolescents with more LBM. DEXA scans are easier, cheaper, and less stressful for the patient, and this method should be used rather than the K count. PMID:19884353

Branski, Ludwik K; Norbury, William B; Herndon, David N; Chinkes, David L; Cochran, Amalia; Suman, Oscar; Benjamin, Deb; Jeschke, Marc G

2015-01-01

443

76 FR 42052 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants From Petroleum Refineries  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants From Petroleum Refineries AGENCY: Environmental Protection...Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants From Petroleum Refineries. EPA is now providing final...Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants From Petroleum Refineries, and the signed rule...

2011-07-18

444

77 FR 73968 - Reconsideration of Certain New Source and Startup/Shutdown Issues: National Emission Standards...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...and Standards of Performance for Fossil-Fuel-Fired Electric Utility, Industrial-Commercial-Institutional...and Standards of Performance for Fossil-Fuel-Fired Electric Utility, Industrial-Commercial...and Standards of Performance for Fossil-Fuel-Fired Electric Utility,...

2012-12-12

445

40 CFR 50.15 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. 50.15 Section...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. (a) The level...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone (O3 ) is...

2012-07-01

446

40 CFR 50.15 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. 50.15 Section...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. (a) The level...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone (O3 ) is...

2011-07-01

447

40 CFR 50.15 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. 50.15 Section...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. (a) The level...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone (O3 ) is...

2014-07-01

448

40 CFR 50.15 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. 50.15 Section...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. (a) The level...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone (O3 ) is...

2010-07-01

449

40 CFR 50.15 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. 50.15 Section...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. (a) The level...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone (O3 ) is...

2013-07-01

450

NASA/NBS (National Aeronautics and Space Administration/National Bureau of Standards) standard reference model for telerobot control system architecture (NASREM)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The document describes the NASA Standard Reference Model (NASREM) Architecture for the Space Station Telerobot Control System. It defines the functional requirements and high level specifications of the control system for the NASA space Station document for the functional specification, and a guideline for the development of the control system architecture, of the 10C Flight Telerobot Servicer. The NASREM telerobot control system architecture defines a set of standard modules and interfaces which facilitates software design, development, validation, and test, and make possible the integration of telerobotics software from a wide variety of sources. Standard interfaces also provide the software hooks necessary to incrementally upgrade future Flight Telerobot Systems as new capabilities develop in computer science, robotics, and autonomous system control.

Albus, James S.; Mccain, Harry G.; Lumia, Ronald

1989-01-01

451

Standardizing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page, created by Statisical Literacy.com, contains a short article on Simpson'ÃÂÃÂs Paradox with an example of how standardizing changes the results. It also contains links to other "real world" articles on Simpson'ÃÂÃÂs Paradox, including a newspaper article illustrating that this topic is timely. The site features a few graphs to help better represent the concept. Overall, this is a brief but useful explanation of this concept.

2009-02-04

452

The Use of Standardized Residuals to Derive Value-Added Measures of School Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Measures of school performance based on pupil attainment are becoming more sophisticated, with DfES piloting "contextualized value-added" measures. However, most such measures are based on simple sums of residuals about "expected" values, but it is clear from national data that distributions of performance are not symmetrical and of constant…

Schagen, Ian

2006-01-01

453

Investigation of Standardized Patient Ratings of Humanistic Competence on a Medical Licensure Examination Using Many-Facet Rasch Measurement and Generalizability Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Humanistic doctor-patient interaction has been measured for eight years using the Global Patient Assessment (GPA) tool in the national osteopathic clinical skills medical licensure examination. Standardized patients (SPs) apply the GPA tool to rate examinees' competence on doctor-patient communication, interpersonal skills, and…

Zhang, Xiuyuan; Roberts, William L.

2013-01-01

454

National Poverty Center Working Paper Series A Measure of Spatial Segregation  

E-print Network

National Poverty Center Working Paper Series #05-3 March 2005 A Measure of Spatial Segregation, University of Texas at Dallas This paper is available online at the National Poverty Center Working Paper reflect the view of the National Poverty Center or any sponsoring agency. #12;A Measure of Spatial

Shyy, Wei

455

Do Chinese readers follow the national standard rules for word segmentation during reading?  

PubMed

We conducted a preliminary study to examine whether Chinese readers' spontaneous word segmentation processing is consistent with the national standard rules of word segmentation based on the Contemporary Chinese language word segmentation specification for information processing (CCLWSSIP). Participants were asked to segment Chinese sentences into individual words according to their prior knowledge of words. The results showed that Chinese readers did not follow the segmentation rules of the CCLWSSIP, and their word segmentation processing was influenced by the syntactic categories of consecutive words. In many cases, the participants did not consider the auxiliary words, adverbs, adjectives, nouns, verbs, numerals and quantifiers as single word units. Generally, Chinese readers tended to combine function words with content words to form single word units, indicating they were inclined to chunk single words into large information units during word segmentation. Additionally, the "overextension of monosyllable words" hypothesis was tested and it might need to be corrected to some degree, implying that word length have an implicit influence on Chinese readers' segmentation processing. Implications of these results for models of word recognition and eye movement control are discussed. PMID:23408981

Liu, Ping-Ping; Li, Wei-Jun; Lin, Nan; Li, Xing-Shan

2013-01-01

456

Neutron-activation analysis of several US Geological Survey and National Bureau of Standards reference materials  

SciTech Connect

In this work, several US Geological Survey (U.S.G.S.) and National Bureau of Standards (N.B.S.) reference samples have been analyzed in an effort to improve the quality of elemental concentration data available on these materials, so they can be used in a program of verification of factor analysis source resolution procedures. The analyses of these samples were performed by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA). The samples analyzed were: U.S.G.S. Green River Shale, N.B.S. 45b Homogeneous River Sediment, U.S.G.S. Analyzed Peridotite N.B.S. 1579 Powdered Lead-based Paint, U.S.G.S. Hawaian Basalt U.S.G.S. Marine Mud, U.S.G.S. Analyzed Cody Shale U.S.G.S. Glass Mountain Rhyolite, N.B.S. Argillaceous Limestone No. 1, and a sample of Spex ultrapure graphite. Neutron activation analysis was employed because of the high sensitivity that can be attained in determining elemental concentrations. Although INAA is a relatively simple method and the reproducibility of the data is good, the method shows some inaccuracies. The basic theory and technique are reviewed in an attempt to show where problems can arise and how they can be dealt with.

Daly, A.T.

1981-01-01

457

Security challenges in integration of a PHR-S into a standards based national EHR.  

PubMed

Health related data provided by patients themselves is expected to play a major role in future healthcare. Data from personal health devices, vaccination records, health diaries or observations of daily living, for instance, is stored in personal health records (PHR) which are maintained by personal health record systems (PHR-S). Combining this information with medical records provided by healthcare providers in electronic health records (EHR) is one of the next steps towards "personal care". Austria currently sets up a nationwide EHR system that incorporates all healthcare providers and is technically based on international standards (IHE, HL7, OASIS, ...). Looking at the expected potential of merging PHR and EHR data it is worth to analyse integration approaches. Although knowing that an integration requires the coordination of processes, information models and technical architectures, this paper specifically focuses on security issues by evaluating general security requirements for a PHR-S (based on HL7 PHR-S FM), comparing them with the information security specifications for the Austrian's national EHR (based on ISO/IES 27000 series) and identifying the main challenges as well as possible approaches. PMID:25160182

Mense, Alexander; Hoheiser Pförtner, Franz; Sauermann, Stefan

2014-01-01

458

Improved national modelling by short-term measurement campaigns  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI) produces hydrological predictions in Sweden both within the national early warning services and to the waterpower industry. SMHI is also responsible for delivering high-resolution data to water authorities. Most of the waterbodies of interest to the European Water Framework Directive (WFD) in Sweden do not have monitoring programmes. Thus, modelled data has to be used for expert judgments. Recently, SMHI got a new request from the government to support water authorities with relevant data to fulfill the reporting and assist implementation of environmental goals within the WFD. SMHI then started the internal "Water management programme" in cooperation with water authorities, to better harmonise and develop SMHI databases, monitoring, model systems and internet services for efficient data delivery free of charge. Since the early 70's operational flood forecasts in Sweden has been based on the HBV model, but the environmental sector has other needs which has promoted a new model concept, called HYPE. The model is applied according to the Swedish water authorities classification of waterbodies (at present 17 313 limnic systems), and will be up-dated annually following water authorities requests. The model system delivers a large amount of hydrological, chemical, and physico-chemical variables. However, national monitoring programmes for calibration and validation is only available for 300 discharge stations and 900 grab sampling sites for nutrient concentrations. The HYPE model is a semi-distributed processed-based hydrological model for small-scale and large-scale assessments of water resources and water quality. In the model, the landscape is divided into classes according to soil type, land-use and altitude. In agricultural lands, the soil is divided into three layers, each with individual computations of soil wetness and nutrient processes. The model simulates water flows, and flow and turnover of nitrogen and phosphorus. Nutrients follow the same pathways as water in the model: surface runoff, macropore flow, tile drainage and groundwater outflow from the individual soil layers. Rivers and lakes are described separately with routines for turnover of nutrients in each environment. Model parameters are global, or related to soil type or land-use. Internal model components are checked using corresponding observations from different sites. Calibration criteria may differ depending on which variables to be extracted from the model results, which must thus be considered in the model setup. For the whole of Sweden, the volume error of water discharge is 6% (R2=0.8 when unregulated and R2=0.6 in presence of waterpower dams) and the concentrations are within a 25% error range. The presentation will show ongoing efforts to reduce uncertainties by assimilation of observed data from a few sites, though campaign measurements in key-sites and regional up-dating procedures for snow and discharge, and for specific lakes with effects on downstream rivers. New mobile monitoring techniques (totally 50 divers) have been introduced and only a few months of measurements was found to reduce the error by half in the test catchment. Moreover, sporadic observations of peak flow was also found useful, and finally, measurement campaigns of momental monitoring of spatial nutrient patterns was tried out with good results for model validation in another site. Several examples of quantified improvements by linking the national hydrological model to new observations will be given.

Arheimer, Berit; Lindström, Göran; Strömqvist, Johan; Spângmyr, Henrik

2010-05-01

459

Examples of Holdings Reports and Decisions Using the American National Standard for Serial Holdings Statements at the Summary Level.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes some of the problems encountered and the resolutions reached in converting Indiana University Libraries serials holdings information to the format specified in the 1980 American National Standard for Serial Holdings Statements at the Summary Level (ANSI). It is noted that this project was part of the development--by OCLC--of…

Charbonneau, Gary; And Others

460

The Development and Implementation of a National, Standards-Based, Multi-Method Teacher Performance Assessment System in Chile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessing teaching performance is a contentious issue in current educational policy in many countries. In Chile, a national, standards-based, multi-method, mandatory teacher evaluation system has been in place since 2003 to assess the performance of about 70, 000 public school teachers from pre-school to high school and adult education. The…

Taut, Sandy; Sun, Yulan

2014-01-01

461

National standards to prevent, detect, and respond to prison rape. Final rule; request for comment on specific issue.  

PubMed

The Department of Justice (Department) is issuing a final rule adopting national standards to prevent, detect, and respond to prison rape, as required by the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA). In addition, the Department is requesting comment on one issue relating to staffing in juvenile facilities. Further discussion of the final rule is found in the Executive Summary. PMID:22730573

2012-06-20

462

Our Nation's Symbols and Holidays. Grade 1 Model Lesson for Standard 3. California History-Social Science Course Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Standard 3 of the California History-Social Science Framework requires that students in grade one know and understand U.S. symbols, icons, and traditions, such as the Pledge of Allegiance, the U.S. flag, essential documents, landmarks, and national holidays. The flag is a unifying theme for this unit of study. Students analyze the symbolism of the…

Keir, Wendi; Rickett, Elizabeth; Porter, Priscilla

463

The Impact of the PARSEL Way to Teach Science in Germany on Interest, Scientific Literacy, and German National Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper shows how PARSEL modules help to realize the German standards in practice. After analyzing the disappointing results of the TIMSS- and PISA-studies, which caused a kind of "PISA-shock" in Germany, and looking at school systems of winning nations, several changes have been initiated in the German educational system. The most radical…

Graeber, Wolfgang; Lindner, Martin

2008-01-01

464

29 CFR (non - mandatory) Appendix C to Subpart L of Part 1926-List of National Consensus Standards  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...List of National Consensus Standards ANSI/SIA A92.2-1990Vehicle-Mounted Elevating and Rotating Aerial Devices ANSI/SIA A92.3-1990Manually Propelled Elevating Aerial Platforms ANSI/SIA A92.5-1990Boom Supported Elevating...

2010-07-01

465

The Emperor's New Clothes: the National Crime Recording Standard, a tailor-made solution to police crime statistics?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The unreliability of statistics of crime recorded by the police has been the subject of much comment over the years. The new National Crime Recording Standard represents an attempt to overcome recording variation, provide a ‘victim focus’ and allow comparisons in forces' performance. A consequence has been a significant increase in bureaucracy and audit systems that may have only a

Steve Hallam

2003-01-01

466

Nordic Standards for measurement of aircraft noise immission in residential areas and noise reduction of dwellings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quantification by measurement of aircraft noise in residential areas and air traffic noise reduction of dwellings suffer from sensibility to the measurement technique used. Around the Copenhagen Airport (200.000 opr./year) 3.500 families have been granted from 50% to 90% of sound insulation costs by the Danish Government. Based on experience from evaluation measurements carried out by the Danish Acoustical Institute, the authors have proposed standardized measurement methods for the outdoor aircraft noise in residential areas and for the noise reduction of dwellings. In 1989 both noise measurement methods were accepted as Nordic Standards (NORDTEST ACOU 074 and 075) by Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden.

Svane, Christian; Plovsing, Birger

467

A direct sensitivity approach to predict hourly ozone resulting from compliance with the National Ambient Air Quality Standard.  

PubMed

In setting primary ambient air quality standards, the EPA's responsibility under the law is to establish standards that protect public health. As part of the current review of the ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS), the US EPA evaluated the health exposure and risks associated with ambient ozone pollution using a statistical approach to adjust recent air quality to simulate just meeting the current standard level, without specifying emission control strategies. One drawback of this purely statistical concentration rollback approach is that it does not take into account spatial and temporal heterogeneity of ozone response to emissions changes. The application of the higher-order decoupled direct method (HDDM) in the community multiscale air quality (CMAQ) model is discussed here to provide an example of a methodology that could incorporate this variability into the risk assessment analyses. Because this approach includes a full representation of the chemical production and physical transport of ozone in the atmosphere, it does not require assumed background concentrations, which have been applied to constrain estimates from past statistical techniques. The CMAQ-HDDM adjustment approach is extended to measured ozone concentrations by determining typical sensitivities at each monitor location and hour of the day based on a linear relationship between first-order sensitivities and hourly ozone values. This approach is demonstrated by modeling ozone responses for monitor locations in Detroit and Charlotte to domain-wide reductions in anthropogenic NOx and VOCs emissions. As seen in previous studies, ozone response calculated using HDDM compared well to brute-force emissions changes up to approximately a 50% reduction in emissions. A new stepwise approach is developed here to apply this method to emissions reductions beyond 50% allowing for the simulation of more stringent reductions in ozone concentrations. Compared to previous rollback methods, this application of modeled sensitivities to ambient ozone concentrations provides a more realistic spatial response of ozone concentrations at monitors inside and outside the urban core and at hours of both high and low ozone concentrations. PMID:23256562

Simon, Heather; Baker, Kirk R; Akhtar, Farhan; Napelenok, Sergey L; Possiel, Norm; Wells, Benjamin; Timin, Brian

2013-03-01

468

The critical role of nurses to the successful implementation of the National Safety and Quality Health Service Standards.  

PubMed

The National Safety and Quality Health Service Standards requires health service compliance by 2013 and covers several areas including governance arrangements, partnerships with consumers and eight key clinical processes. Nurses in Australia comprise 62% of the hospital workforce, are the largest component and hence play a critical role in meeting these standards and improving the quality of patient care. Several of the standards are influenced by nursing interventions, which incorporate any direct-care treatment that the nurse performs for a patient that may be nurse or physician initiated. The ability for nurses to undertake these interventions is influenced by the hours of care available, the skill mix of the nursing workforce and the environment in which they practice. Taking into consideration the predicted nursing shortages, the challenge to successfully implement the National Safety and Quality Health Service Standards will be great. This paper examines the role of nursing in the delivery of the National Standards, analyses the evidence with regard to nursing-sensitive outcomes and discusses the implications for health service decision makers and policy. PMID:23962406

Twigg, Diane E; Duffield, Christine; Evans, Gemma

2013-09-01

469

Unreliability and Error in the Military's “Gold StandardMeasure of Sexual Harassment by Education and Gender  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Department of Defense's “gold standard” sexual harassment measure, the Sexual Harassment Core Measure (SHCore), is based on an earlier measure that was developed primarily in college women. Furthermore, the SHCore requires a reading grade level of 9.1. This may be higher than some troops' reading abilities and could generate unreliable estimates of their sexual harassment experiences. Results from 108

Maureen Murdoch; John B. Pryor; Joan M. Griffin; Diane Cowper Ripley; Gary D. Gackstetter; Melissa A. Polusny; James S. Hodges

2011-01-01

470

Measurements of the Release of Alpha Quartz: A New Standard for Impedance-Matching Experiments  

SciTech Connect

Measurements of the release of alpha quartz into SiO2 aerogel are found to agree well with previous near-direct measurements for that aerogel Hugoniot. The results establish alpha quartz as an impedance-matching standard that, because of its transparency, enables higher-accuracy measurements and knowledge of the pressure profile in the pusher.

Boehly, T.R.; Miller, J.E.; Meyerhofer, D.D.; Eggert, J.H.; Celliers, P.M.; Hicks, D.G.; Collins, G.W.

2008-01-14

471

75 FR 39265 - National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Classifications and Public Health Data Standards...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Classifications...Centers for Medicare & Medical Services, Hospital and...Pickett, RHIA, MPH, Medical Systems Administrator, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for...

2010-07-08

472

Using Curriculum-Based Measurement To Establish Growth Standards for Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Illustrates how curriculum-based measurement (CBM) can be used to establish academic growth standards for students with learning disabilities in the area of reading. An introduction to CBM and to the basic concepts underlying the use of CBM in establishing growth standards is provided. Issues and conclusions about appropriate methods for…

Deno, Stanley L.; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Marston, Douglas; Shin, Jongho

2001-01-01

473

National Patterns of Risk-Standardized Mortality and Readmission for Acute Myocardial Infarction and Heart Failure. Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, vol. 3, issue 5  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides a national perspective on hospital performance for 30-day risk-standardized mortality rates and risk-standardized readmission rates for patients hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction and heart failure.

Susannah Bernheim; Jacqueline Grady; Zhenqiu Lin; Yun Wang; Yongfei Wang; Shantal Savage; Kanchana Bhat; Joseph Ross; Mayur Desai; Angela Merrill; Lein Han; Michael Rapp; Elizabeth Drye; Sharon-Lise Normand; Harlan Krumholz

2010-01-01

474

40 CFR Appendix I to Part 50 - Interpretation of the 8-Hour Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone I Appendix I to Part...10 are met at an ambient ozone air quality monitoring site. Ozone...The primary and secondary ozone ambient air quality standards are met at...

2011-07-01

475

40 CFR Appendix I to Part 50 - Interpretation of the 8-Hour Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone I Appendix I to Part...10 are met at an ambient ozone air quality monitoring site. Ozone...The primary and secondary ozone ambient air quality standards are met at...

2012-07-01

476

40 CFR Appendix I to Part 50 - Interpretation of the 8-Hour Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone I Appendix I to Part...10 are met at an ambient ozone air quality monitoring site. Ozone...The primary and secondary ozone ambient air quality standards are met at...

2013-07-01

477

40 CFR Appendix I to Part 50 - Interpretation of the 8-Hour Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone I Appendix I to Part...10 are met at an ambient ozone air quality monitoring site. Ozone...The primary and secondary ozone ambient air quality standards are met at...

2014-07-01

478

40 CFR Appendix I to Part 50 - Interpretation of the 8-Hour Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone I Appendix I to Part...10 are met at an ambient ozone air quality monitoring site. Ozone...The primary and secondary ozone ambient air quality standards are met at...

2010-07-01

479

Update on Calibration of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Passive-Active Neutron Drum Shuffler for Measurement of Highly Enriched Uranium Oxide  

Microsoft Academic Search

In October of 1999, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) began an effort to calibrate the LLNL passive-active neutron (PAN) drum shuffler for measurement of highly enriched uranium (HEU) oxide. A single unit of certified reference material (CRM) 149 [Uranium (93% Enriched) Oxide - UâOâ Standard for Neutron Counting Measurements] was used to (1) develop a mass calibration curve for HEU

M Mount; W OConnell; C Cochran; P Rinard; D Dearborn; E Endres

2002-01-01

480

The Reform of National Geography Standards in South Korea--Trends, Challenges and Responses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to examine recent changes in the geography national curriculum in South Korea through the lenses of three curriculum components that often find themselves in competition--subject content, educational processes and national/social purposes. In recent years, the prevailing national and social aims outlined for the…

Lee, Jongwon; Butt, Graham

2014-01-01

481

Development of a Standard Model for the National School (for Schools of the North Caucasus).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the impact of social issues on the emergence of national system of education that are intended to foster the integrity and unity of the educational domain of Russia. Focuses on a definition of national schools, the goal and purpose of education, and the factors involved in the development and structure of national schools. (CMK)

Sukunov, KH. KH.; Velichuk, A. P.

1998-01-01

482

All flash, No light: the kabuki dance opposing a national renewable portfolio standard  

SciTech Connect

We don't know what is driving Professor Michaels, but his case against a national RPS is little more than a Kabuki dance of factual distortions and flawed analysis. His persistence cannot substitute for facts, more and more of which, as we have shown, build a strong case for adopting a national RPS and establishing a national market for renewable energy. (author)

Cooper, Christopher; Sovacool, Benjamin K.

2008-11-15

483

Glossary (for Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Fungi)  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Approximately 300 technical terms and 250 diagrammatic sketches and illustrations are provided for the Smithsonian Institution methods book, ‘Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Fungi.’ Technical terms focus on traditional morphotaxonomy, ecology, and pathology. Als...

484

NBS+_PH2 - NATIONAL BUREAU OF STANDARDS PARAHYDROGEN PROPERTIES DATABASE  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Bureau of Standards Parahydrogen Properties Database (NBS+_PH2) program was developed to provide selected parahydrogen thermal and transport properties which match the 1981 NBS parahydrogen data. The program was created to be linked with propulsion simulation programs which require a parahydrogen model which can cover a wide range of pressures. NBS+_PH2 can provide data on parahydrogen for pressures from 1E4 to 1.6E7 Pa and temperatures from 20 degrees to 10000 degrees K. NBS+_PH2 is set up as a single FORTRAN subroutine. When pressure and temperature or enthalpy are sent to it through the FORTRAN call statement, the thermodynamic and transport properties at the given conditions are returned to the calling program. Linear interpolation is used to calculate between database entries when necessary. NBS+_PH2 can provide the following parahydrogen properties: density, thermal conductivity, viscosity, Prandtl number, enthalpy, specific heat, and speed of sound. NBS+_PH2 is a database program written in FORTRAN 77 and is designed to be machine independent. Although a user-interactive test program for accessing NBS+_PH2 is provided in the distribution package, NBS+_PH2 is intended to be linked with simulation programs. The database and interactive test program have been used successfully on a Sun4 series computer running UNIX, an IBM PC series compatible computer running MS-DOS (using Lahey F77L), and a DEC VAX running VMS. The standard distribution medium for this program is a 5.25 inch 360K MS-DOS format diskette. The contents of this diskette are compressed with the PKZIP archiving tools. The program to uncompress the files, PKUNZIP.EXE, is included on the diskette. A sample MS-DOS executable is provided. NBS+_PH2 is also available on a .25 inch streaming magnetic tape cartridge in UNIX tar format and a 9-track 1600 BPI magnetic tape in DEC FILES-11 format. Documentation is included in the price of the program. NBS+_PH2 was developed in 1992. UNIX is a trademark of AT&T Bell Laboratories. IBM PC is a trademark of International Business Machines Corp. MS-DOS is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation. F77L is a registered trademark of Lahey Computer Systems, Inc. DEC VAX is a trademark of Digital Equipment Corp. PKZIP and PKUNZIP are trademarks of PKWare, Inc.

Walton, J. T.

1994-01-01

485

Electron Probe MicroAnalysis (EPMA) Standards. Issues Related to Measurement and Accuracy Evaluation in EPMA  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Electron-probe microanalysis standards and issues related to measurement and accuracy of microanalysis will be discussed. Critical evaluation of standards based on homogeneity and comparison with wet-chemical analysis will be made. Measurement problems such as spectrometer dead-time will be discussed. Analytical accuracy issues will be evaluated for systems by alpha-factor analysis and comparison with experimental k-ratio databases.

Carpenter, Paul

2003-01-01

486

Can standards be set for reliable measurements of thermal contact conductance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Problems encountered in the search for accurate experimental contact conductance measurements are reviewed. The factors examined include specimen geometry and physical details, apparatus design, temperature measurement procedures, test schedules, experimental errors, and the comprehensiveness of reporting. It is pointed out that a lack of set standards has led to an unsatisfactory state of the art despite the large amount of experimental research accomplished. Recommendations on how to overcome the problems discussed are presented together with an outline of a standard test procedure.

Snaith, B.; Ocallaghan, P. W.; Probert, S. D.

1983-01-01

487

Round-robin measurements of two candidate materials for a Seebeck coefficient Standard Reference Material™  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A Standard Reference Material (SRM™) for the Seebeck coefficient is critical for inter-laboratory data comparison and for instrument calibration. To develop this SRM™, we have conducted an international round-robin measurement survey of two candidate materials—undoped Bi2Te3 and constantan (55% Cu and 45% Ni alloy). Measurements were performed in two rounds by twelve laboratories involved in active thermoelectric research using a number of commercial and custom-built measurement systems and techniques. We report the results of these measurements and the statistical analysis performed. Based on this extensive study, we have selected Bi2Te3 as the prototype standard material.

Lowhorn, N. D.; Wong-Ng, W.; Zhang, W.; Lu, Z. Q.; Otani, M.; Thomas, E.; Green, M.; Tran, T. N.; Dilley, N.; Ghamaty, S.; Elsner, N.; Hogan, T.; Downey, A. D.; Jie, Q.; Li, Q.; Obara, H.; Sharp, J.; Caylor, C.; Venkatasubramanian, R.; Willigan, R.; Yang, J.; Martin, J.; Nolas, G.; Edwards, B.; Tritt, T.

2009-02-01

488

Implosion dynamics measurements at the National Ignition Facility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Measurements have been made of the in-flight dynamics of imploding capsules indirectly driven by laser energies of 1-1.7 MJ at the National Ignition Facility [Miller et al., Nucl. Fusion 44, 228 (2004)]. These experiments were part of the National Ignition Campaign [Landen et al., Phys. Plasmas 18, 051002 (2011)] to iteratively optimize the inputs required to achieve thermonuclear ignition in the laboratory. Using gated or streaked hard x-ray radiography, a suite of ablator performance parameters, including the time-resolved radius, velocity, mass, and thickness, have been determined throughout the acceleration history of surrogate gas-filled implosions. These measurements have been used to establish a dynamically consistent model of the ablative drive history and shell compressibility throughout the implosion trajectory. First results showed that the peak velocity of the original 1.3-MJ Ge-doped polymer (CH) point design using Au hohlraums reached only 75% of the required ignition velocity. Several capsule, hohlraum, and laser pulse changes were then implemented to improve this and other aspects of implosion performance and a dedicated effort was undertaken to test the sensitivity of the ablative drive to the rise time and length of the main laser pulse. Changing to Si rather than Ge-doped inner ablator layers and increasing the pulse length together raised peak velocity to 93% ± 5% of the ignition goal using a 1.5 MJ, 420 TW pulse. Further lengthening the pulse so that the laser remained on until the capsule reached 30% (rather than 60%-70%) of its initial radius, reduced the shell thickness and improved the final fuel ?R on companion shots with a cryogenic hydrogen fuel layer. Improved drive efficiency was observed using U rather than Au hohlraums, which was expected, and by slowing the rise time of laser pulse, which was not. The effect of changing the Si-dopant concentration and distribution, as well as the effect of using a larger initial shell thickness were also examined, both of which indicated that instabilities seeded at the ablation front are a significant source of hydrodynamic mix into the central hot spot. Additionally, a direct test of the surrogacy of cryogenic fuel layered versus gas-filled targets was performed. Together all these measurements have established the fundamental ablative-rocket relationship describing the dependence of implosion velocity on fractional ablator mass remaining. This curve shows a lower-than-expected ablator mass at a given velocity, making the capsule more susceptible to feedthrough of instabilities from the ablation front into the fuel and hot spot. This combination of low velocity and low ablator mass indicates that reaching ignition on the NIF will require >20 ?m (˜10%) thicker targets and laser powers at or beyond facility limits.

Hicks, D. G.; Meezan, N. B.; Dewald, E. L.; Mackinnon, A. J.; Olson, R. E.; Callahan, D. A.; Döppner, T.; Benedetti, L. R.; Bradley, D. K.; Celliers, P. M.; Clark, D. S.; Di Nicola, P.; Dixit, S. N.; Dzenitis, E. G.; Eggert, J. E.; Farley, D. R.; Frenje, J. A.; Glenn, S. M.; Glenzer, S. H.; Hamza, A. V.; Heeter, R. F.; Holder, J. P.; Izumi, N.; Kalantar, D. H.; Khan, S. F.; Kline, J. L.; Kroll, J. J.; Kyrala, G. A.; Ma, T.; MacPhee, A. G.; McNaney, J. M.; Moody, J. D.; Moran, M. J.; Nathan, B. R.; Nikroo, A.; Opachich, Y. P.; Petrasso, R. D.; Prasad, R. R.; Ralph, J. E.; Robey, H. F.; Rinderknecht, H. G.; Rygg, J. R.; Salmonson, J. D.; Schneider, M. B.; Simanovskaia, N.; Spears, B. K.; Tommasini, R.; Widmann, K.; Zylstra, A. B.; Collins, G. W.; Landen, O. L.; Kilkenny, J. D.; Hsing, W. W.; MacGowan, B. J.; Atherton, L. J.; Edwards, M. J.

2012-12-01

489

78 FR 37133 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants From Petroleum Refineries  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants From Petroleum Refineries AGENCY: Environmental Protection...pollutants for heat exchange systems at petroleum refineries. The amendments address issues...Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants From Petroleum Refineries, EPA West Building,...

2013-06-20

490

75 FR 57957 - Call for Comments on the Existing National Standards for the Culturally and Linguistically...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Linguistically Appropriate Services in Health Care AGENCY: Department of Health and...Linguistically Appropriate Services in Health Care (CLAS Standards). The public...Linguistically Appropriate Services in Health Care (CLAS Standards) in 2001....

2010-09-23

491

75 FR 56549 - National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Classifications and Public Health Data Standards...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...for Health Statistics (NCHS), Classifications and Public Health Data Standards Staff, Announces the Following Meeting...Medical Systems Administrator, Classifications and Public Health Data Standards Staff, NCHS, 3311 Toledo Road,...

2010-09-16

492

78 FR 53148 - National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Classifications and Public Health Data Standards...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...for Health Statistics (NCHS), Classifications and Public Health Data Standards Staff, Announces the Following Meeting...Medical Systems Administrator, Classifications and Public Health Data Standards Staff, NCHS, 3311 Toledo Road,...

2013-08-28

493

75 FR 18850 - National Protection and Programs Directorate; Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Directorate; Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards Personnel Surety Program AGENCY...or financial information, Chemical-terrorism Vulnerability Information (CVI), Sensitive...Description The Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS), 6 CFR part...

2010-04-13

494

75 FR 62399 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Standards Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Health Information Technology; HIT Standards...Assessment of HIT Policy Committee Recommendations...received from the HIT Policy Committee regarding health information technology standards, implementation...Poetter, Office of Policy and Planning, Office...Health Information Technology. [FR Doc....

2010-10-08

495

Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and National Kidney Foundation: revised 2014 standards of practice and standards of professional performance for registered dietitian nutritionists (competent, proficient, and expert) in nephrology nutrition.  

PubMed

Compelling evidence indicates that the incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing because of an aging population and a higher prevalence of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and hypertension. Nutrition management of patients with CKD requires early disease recognition, appropriate interpretation of the markers and stages of CKD, and collaboration with other health care practitioners. Better management of CKD can slow its progression, prevent metabolic complications, and reduce cardiovascular related outcomes. Caring for patients with CKD necessitates specialized knowledge and skills to meet the challenges associated with this growing epidemic. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Renal Dietitians Practice Group and the National Kidney Foundation Council on Renal Nutrition, with guidance from the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Quality Management Committee, have updated the 2009 Standards of Practice in Nutrition Care and Standards of Professional Performance as a tool for registered dietitian nutritionists working in nephrology nutrition to assess their current skill levels and to identify areas for additional professional development in this practice area. The Standards of Practice apply to the care of patients/clients with kidney disease. The Standards of Professional Performance consist of six domains of professionalism, including: Quality in Practice, Competence and Accountability, Provision of Services, Application of Research, Communication and Application of Knowledge, and Utilization and Management of Resources. Within each standard, specific indicators provide measurable action statements that illustrate how nephrology nutrition principles can be applied to practice. The indicators describe three skill levels (ie, competent, proficient, and expert) for registered dietitian nutritionists working in nephrology nutrition. PMID:25169785

Kent, Pamela S; McCarthy, Maureen P; Burrowes, Jerrilynn D; McCann, Linda; Pavlinac, Jessie; Goeddeke-Merickel, Catherine M; Wiesen, Karen; Kruger, Sarah; Byham-Gray, Laura; Pace, Rory C; Hannahs, Valarie; Benner, Debbie

2014-09-01

496

Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and National Kidney Foundation: revised 2014 Standards of Practice and Standards of Professional Performance for registered dietitian nutritionists (competent, proficient, and expert) in nephrology nutrition.  

PubMed

Compelling evidence indicates that the incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing because of an aging population and a higher prevalence of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and hypertension. Nutrition management of patients with CKD requires early disease recognition, appropriate interpretation of the markers and stages of CKD, and collaboration with other health care practitioners. Better management of CKD can slow its progression, prevent metabolic complications, and reduce cardiovascular related outcomes. Caring for patients with CKD necessitates specialized knowledge and skills to meet the challenges associated with this growing epidemic. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Renal Dietitians Practice Group and the National Kidney Foundation Council on Renal Nutrition, with guidance from the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Quality Management Committee, have updated the 2009 Standards of Practice in Nutrition Care and Standards of Professional Performance as a tool for registered dietitian nutritionists working in nephrology nutrition to assess their current skill levels and to identify areas for additional professional development in this practice area. The Standards of Practice apply to the care of patients/clients with kidney disease. The Standards of Professional Performance consist of six domains of professionalism, including: Quality in Practice, Competence and Accountability, Provision of Services, Application of Research, Communication and Application of Knowledge, and Utilization and Management of Resources. Within each standard, specific indicators provide measurable action statements that illustrate how nephrology nutrition principles can be applied to practice. The indicators describe three skill levels (ie, competent, proficient, and expert) for registered dietitian nutritionists working in nephrology nutrition. PMID:25167996

Kent, Pamela S; McCarthy, Maureen P; Burrowes, Jerrilynn D; McCann, Linda; Pavlinac, Jessie; Goeddeke-Merickel, Catherine M; Wiesen, Karen; Kruger, Sarah; Byham-Gray, Laura; Pace, Rory C; Hannahs, Valarie; Benner, Debbie

2014-09-01

497

Decarbonizing national housing stocks: strategies, barriers and measurement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many nations have set tough targets for reducing the CO2 emissions of their building stocks. The Building Research & Information special issue titled ‘Climate Change: National Building Stocks’ (2007) (volume 35, number 4) describes policy instruments, stock management approaches, and energy supply strategies proposed in a number of counties. Two contrasting propositions for reducing emissions from the UK's housing stock,

K. J. Lomas

2009-01-01

498

National Curriculum Standards for Social Studies: A Framework for Teaching, Learning, and Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The revised standards, like the earlier social studies standards published in 1994, continue to be structured around the ten themes of social studies. However, the revised standards offer a sharper focus on: (1) Purposes; (2) Questions for Exploration; (3) Knowledge: what learners need to understand; (4) Processes: what learners will be capable of…

National Council for the Social Studies, 2010

2010-01-01

499

Measurements of air contaminants during the Cerro Grande fire at Los Alamos National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Ambient air sampling for radioactive air contaminants was continued throughout the Cerro Grande fire that burned part of Los Alamos National Laboratory. During the fire, samples were collected more frequently than normal because buildup of smoke particles on the filters was decreasing the air flow. Overall, actual sampling time was 96% of the total possible sampling time for the May 2000 samples. To evaluate potential human exposure to air contaminants, the samples were analyzed as soon as possible and for additional specific radionuclides. Analyses showed that the smoke from the fire included resuspended radon decay products that had been accumulating for many years on the vegetation and the forest floor that burned. Concentrations of plutonium, americium, and depleted uranium were also measurable, but at locations and concentrations comparable to non-fire periods. A continuous particulate matter sampler measured concentrations that exceeded the National Ambient Air Quality Standard for PM-10 (particles less than 10 micrometers in diameter). These high concentrations were caused by smoke from the fire when it was close to the sampler.

Eberhart, Craig

2010-08-01

500

75 FR 32682 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Major Sources: Industrial...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Major Sources: Industrial, Commercial...Institutional Boilers and Process Heaters; National...source categories: Industrial, Commercial...Institutional Boilers and Process Heaters located at major sources; Industrial,...

2010-06-09