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Sample records for ndcx-ii project commencing

  1. NDCX-II project commencing at LBNL

    SciTech Connect

    Friedman, A; Kwan, J

    2009-10-22

    Earlier this year, the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Fusion Energy Sciences approved the NDCX-II project, a second-generation Neutralized Drift Compression eXperiment. NDCX-II is a collaborative effort of scientists and engineers from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), in a formal collaboration known as the Virtual National Laboratory for Heavy Ion Fusion Science (HIFS-VNL). Supported by $11 M of funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, construction at LBNL commenced in July of 2009, with completion anticipated in March of 2012. Applications of this facility will include studies of: the basic physics of the poorly understood 'warm dense matter' regime of temperatures around 1 eV and densities near solid, using uniform, volumetric ion heating of thin foil targets; ion energy coupling into an ablating plasma (such as that which occurs in an inertial fusion target) using beams with time-varying kinetic energy; space-charge-dominated ion beam dynamics; and beam focusing and pulse compression in neutralizing plasma. The machine will complement facilities at GSI in Darmstadt, Germany, but will employ lower ion kinetic energies and commensurately shorter stopping ranges in matter. Much of this research will contribute directly toward the collaboration's ultimate goal of electric power production via heavy-ion beam-driven inertial confinement fusion ('Heavy-Ion Fusion', or HIF). In inertial fusion, a target containing fusion fuel is heated by energetic 'driver' beams, and undergoes a miniature thermonuclear explosion. Currently the largest U.S. research program in inertial confinement is at Livermore's National Ignition Facility (NIF), a multibillion-dollar, stadium-sized laser facility optimized for studying physics issues relevant to nuclear stockpile stewardship. Nonetheless, NIF is expected to establish the fundamental feasibility of

  2. NDCX-II project commencing at LBNL

    SciTech Connect

    Friedman, A; Kwan, J

    2009-10-26

    NDCX-II is the second-generation Neutralized Drift Compression eXperiment, capable of accelerating and strongly bunching tens of nanoCoulombs of non-relativistic ions, for applications requiring nanosecond-scale pulses with short stopping ranges. As with the existing NDCX-I at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), the new machine is based on the technique of neutralized drift compression, whereby a head-to-tail velocity gradient is imparted to the beam, which then shortens as it drifts in a neutralizing plasma that suppresses space-charge forces. The figure shows the layout of the machine, to be sited at LBNL. It will make extensive use of induction cells and other parts from the decommissioned Advanced Test Accelerator (ATA) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). It will be extensible and reconfigurable; in the configuration that has received the most emphasis, each pulse will deliver 30-50 nC of Li+ ions at 3 MeV into a mm-scale spot onto a thin-foil target. Pulse compression to {approx} 1 ns begins in the accelerator and finishes in the drift compression line; the beam is manipulated using suitably tailored voltage waveforms in the accelerating gaps. NDCX-II employs novel beam dynamics. To use the 200 kV Blumlein pulsed power from ATA (blue cylinders in the figure), the pulse duration must first be reduced from an initial 500 ns to less than 70 ns. This shortening is accomplished in an initial stage of non-neutral drift compression, downstream of the injector and the first few induction cells (note the spaces between induction cells at the left end of the figure). The compression is rapid enough that fewer than ten long-pulse waveform generators are needed, with Blumleins powering the rest of the acceleration. Extensive particle-in-cell simulation studies have enabled an attractive physics design that meets the stringent cost goal. Snapshots from a simulation video are shown in the figure. Studies on a dedicated test stand are characterizing

  3. HIFS VNL Monthly Progress Report Preparation for NDCX-II Project

    SciTech Connect

    Logan, Grant; Kwan, Joe; Barnard, John; Friedman, Alex; Gilson, Erik; Leitner, Matthaeus; Waldron, Will; Bieniosek, Frank

    2009-05-29

    In preparation for the project and for anticipated review in August, the HIFS-VNL hosted an NDCX-II Advisory Meeting at LBNL on May 27, 2009. A number of experts in accelerator physics, engineering, and construction were asked to visit for a full day, listen to presentations on the project, its goals, and its status, and to offer their advice on how best to proceed, what topics needed attention, and what technical options seemed most attractive to them. This was a productive meeting, and the Committee's comments will provide useful guidance.

  4. Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment (NDCX) - II Quarterly Report

    SciTech Connect

    Kwan, J.W.

    2009-10-01

    LBNL has received American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) funding to construct a new accelerator at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) to significantly increase the energy on target, which will allow both the Heavy Ion Fusion (HIF) and Warm Dense Matter (WDM) research communities to explore scientific conditions that have not been available in any other device. For NDCX-II, a new induction linear accelerator (linac) will be constructed at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). NDCX-II will produce nano-second long ion beam bunches to hit thin foil targets. The final kinetic energy of the ions arriving at the target varies according to the ion mass. For atomic mass unit of 6 or 7 (Lithium ions), useful kinetic energies range from 1.5 to 5 or more MeV. The expected beam charge in the 1 ns (or shorter) pulse is about 20 nanoCoulombs. The pulse repetition rate will be about once or twice per minute (of course, target considerations will often reduce this rate). Our approach to building the NDCX-II ion accelerator is to make use of the available induction modules and 200 kV pulsers from the retired ATA electron linac at LLNL. Reusing this hardware will maximize the ion energy on target at a minimum cost. Some modification of the cells (e.g., reduce the bore diameter and replace with higher field pulsed solenoids) are needed in order to meet the requirements of this project. The NDCX-II project will include the following tasks: (1) Physics design to determine the required ion current density at the ion source, the injector beam optics, the layout of accelerator cells along the beam line, the voltage waveforms for beam acceleration and compression, the solenoid focusing, the neutralized drift compression and the final focus on target; (2) Engineering design and fabrication of the accelerator components, pulsed power system, diagnostic system, and control and data acquisition system; (3) Conventional facilities; and (4) Installation and integration

  5. NDCX-II target experiments and simulations

    SciTech Connect

    Barnard, J. J.; More, R. M.; Terry, M.; Friedman, A.; Henestroza, E.; Koniges, A.; Kwan, J. W.; Ng, A.; Ni, P. A.; Liu, W.; Logan, B. G.; Startsev, E.; Yuen, A.

    2013-06-13

    The ion accelerator NDCX-II is undergoing commissioning at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). Its principal mission is to explore ion-driven High Energy Density Physics (HEDP) relevant to Inertial Fusion Energy (IFE) especially in the Warm Dense Matter (WDM) regime. We have carried out hydrodynamic simulations of beam-heated targets for parameters expected for the initial configuration of NDCX-II. For metal foils of order one micron thick (thin targets), the beam is predicted to heat the target in a timescale comparable to the hydrodynamic expansion time for experiments that infer material properties from measurements of the resulting rarefaction wave. We have also carried out hydrodynamic simulations of beam heating of metallic foam targets several tens of microns thick (thick targets) in which the ion range is shorter than the areal density of the material. In this case shock waves will form and we derive simple scaling laws for the efficiency of conversion of ion energy into kinetic energy of fluid flow. Geometries with a tamping layer may also be used to study the merging of a tamper shock with the end-of-range shock. As a result, this process can occur in tamped, direct drive IFE targets.

  6. Alternate Operating Modes For NDCX-II

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharp, W. M.; Friedman, A.; Grote, D. P.; Cohen, R. H.; Lund, S. M.; Vay, J.-L.; Waldron, W. L.

    2012-10-01

    NDCX-II is a newly completed accelerator facility at LBNL, built to study ion-heated warm dense matter and aspects of ion-driven targets for inertial-fusion energy. The baseline design calls for using twelve induction cells to accelerate 40 nC of Li+ ions to 1.2 MeV. During commissioning, though, we plan to extend the source lifetime by extracting less total charge. For operational flexibility, the option of using a helium plasma source is also being investigated. Over time, we expect that NDCX-II will be upgraded to substantially higher energies, necessitating the use of heavier ions to keep a suitable deposition range in targets. Each of these options requires development of an alternate acceleration schedule and the associated transverse focusing. The schedules here are first worked out with a fast-running 1-D particle-in-cell code ASP, then 2-D and 3-D Warp simulations are used to verify the 1-D results and to design transverse focusing.

  7. NDCX-II target experiments and simulations

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Barnard, J. J.; More, R. M.; Terry, M.; Friedman, A.; Henestroza, E.; Koniges, A.; Kwan, J. W.; Ng, A.; Ni, P. A.; Liu, W.; et al

    2013-06-13

    The ion accelerator NDCX-II is undergoing commissioning at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). Its principal mission is to explore ion-driven High Energy Density Physics (HEDP) relevant to Inertial Fusion Energy (IFE) especially in the Warm Dense Matter (WDM) regime. We have carried out hydrodynamic simulations of beam-heated targets for parameters expected for the initial configuration of NDCX-II. For metal foils of order one micron thick (thin targets), the beam is predicted to heat the target in a timescale comparable to the hydrodynamic expansion time for experiments that infer material properties from measurements of the resulting rarefaction wave. We have alsomore » carried out hydrodynamic simulations of beam heating of metallic foam targets several tens of microns thick (thick targets) in which the ion range is shorter than the areal density of the material. In this case shock waves will form and we derive simple scaling laws for the efficiency of conversion of ion energy into kinetic energy of fluid flow. Geometries with a tamping layer may also be used to study the merging of a tamper shock with the end-of-range shock. As a result, this process can occur in tamped, direct drive IFE targets.« less

  8. NDCX-II target experiments and simulations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barnard, J. J.; More, R. M.; Terry, M.; Friedman, A.; Henestroza, E.; Koniges, A.; Kwan, J. W.; Ng, A.; Ni, P. A.; Liu, W.; Logan, B. G.; Startsev, E.; Yuen, A.

    2014-01-01

    The ion accelerator NDCX-II is undergoing commissioning at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). Its principal mission is to explore ion-driven High Energy Density Physics (HEDP) relevant to Inertial Fusion Energy (IFE) especially in the Warm Dense Matter (WDM) regime. We have carried out hydrodynamic simulations of beam-heated targets for parameters expected for the initial configuration of NDCX-II. For metal foils of order one micron thick (thin targets), the beam is predicted to heat the target in a timescale comparable to the hydrodynamic expansion time for experiments that infer material properties from measurements of the resulting rarefaction wave. We have also carried out hydrodynamic simulations of beam heating of metallic foam targets several tens of microns thick (thick targets) in which the ion range is shorter than the areal density of the material. In this case shock waves will form and we derive simple scaling laws for the efficiency of conversion of ion energy into kinetic energy of fluid flow. Geometries with a tamping layer may also be used to study the merging of a tamper shock with the end-of-range shock. This process can occur in tamped, direct drive IFE targets.

  9. INITIAL COMMISSIONING OF NDCX-II

    SciTech Connect

    Lidia, S.; Arbelaez, D.; Greenway, W.; Jung, J. -Y.; Kwan, J.; Lipton, T.; Pekedis, A.; Roy, P.; Seidl, P.; Takakuwa, J.; Waldron, W.; Friedman, A.; Grote, D.; Sharp, W.; Gilson, E.

    2012-05-15

    The Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment-II (NDCX-II) will generate ion beam pulses for studies of Warm Dense Matter and heavy-ion-driven Inertial Fusion Energy. The machine will accelerate 20-50 nC of Li+ to 1.2-3 MeV energy, starting from a 10.9-cm alumino-silicate ion source. At the end of the accelerator the ions are focused to a sub-mm spot size onto a thin foil (planar) target. The pulse duration is compressed from ~;;500 ns at the source to sub-ns at the target following beam transport in a neutralizing plasma. We first describe the injector, accelerator, transport, final focus and diagnostic facilities. We then report on the results of early commissioning studies that characterize beam quality and beam transport, acceleration waveform shaping and beam current evolution. We present simulation results to benchmark against the experimental measurements.

  10. STATUS OF THE NEUTRALIZED DRIFT COMPRESSION EXPERIMENT (NDCX-II)

    SciTech Connect

    Waldron, W.L.; Kwan, J.W.

    2011-04-21

    The Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment (NDCX-II) is an 11 M$ induction accelerator project currently in construction at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory for warm dense matter (WDM) experiments investigating the interaction of ion beams with matter at elevated temperature and pressure. The machine consists of a lithium injector, induction accelerator cells, diagnostic cells, a neutralized drift compression line, a final focus solenoid, and a target chamber. The induction cells and some of the pulsed power systems have been reused from the decommissioned Advanced Test Accelerator at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory after refurbishment and modification. The machine relies on a sequence of acceleration waveforms to longitudinally compress the initial ion pulse from 600 ns to less than 1 ns in {approx} 12 m. Radial confinement of the beam is achieved with 2.5 T pulsed solenoids. In the initial hardware configuration, 50 nC of Li{sup +} will be accelerated to 1.25 MeV and allowed to drift-compress to a peak current of {approx}40 A. The project started in the summer of 2009. Construction of the accelerator will be completed in the fall of 2011 and will provide a worldwide unique opportunity for ion-driven warm dense matter experiments as well as research related to novel beam manipulations for heavy ion fusion drivers.

  11. Simulating An Acceleration Schedule For NDCX-II

    SciTech Connect

    Sharp, W M; Friedman, A; Grote, D P; Henestroza, E; Leitner, M A; Waldron, W L

    2009-05-18

    The Virtual National Laboratory for Heavy-Ion Fusion Science is developing a physics design for NDCX-II, an experiment to study warm dense matter heated by ions. Present plans call for using 34 induction cells to accelerate 45 nC of Li{sup +} ions to more than 3 MeV, followed by neutralized drift-compression. To heat targets to the desired temperatures, the beam must be compressed to a millimeter-scale radius and a duration of about 1 ns. A novel NDCX-II acceleration schedule has been developed using an interactive one-dimensional particle-in-cell simulation ASP to model the longitudinal physics and axisymmetric WARP simulations to validate the 1-D model and add transverse focusing. Three-dimensional Warp runs have been used recently to study the sensitivity to misalignments in the focusing solenoids.

  12. SIMULATING AN ACCELERATION SCHEDULE FOR NDCX-II

    SciTech Connect

    Sharp, W.M.; Friedman, A.; Grote, D.P.; Henestroza, E.; Leitner, M.A.; Waldron, W.L.

    2009-05-01

    The Virtual National Laboratory for Heavy-Ion Fusion Science is developing a physics design for NDCX-II, an experiment to study warm dense matter heated by ions. Present plans call for using 34 induction cells to accelerate 45 nC of Li+ ions to more than 3 MeV, followed by neutralized drift-compression. To heat targets to the desired temperatures, the beam must be compressed to a millimeter-scale radius and a duration of about 1 ns. A novel NDCX-II acceleration schedule has been developed using an interactive one-dimensional particle-in-cell simulation ASP to model the longitudinal physics and axisymmetric WARP simulations to validate the 1-D model and add transverse focusing. Three-dimensional Warp runs have been used recently to study the sensitivity to misalignments in the focusing solenoids.

  13. NDCX-II, an Induction Linac for HEDP and IFE Research

    SciTech Connect

    Kwan, J.W.; Arbelaez, D.; Bieniosek, F.M.; Faltens, A.; Friedman, A.; Galvin, J.; Greenway, W.; Gilson, E. P.; Grote, D. P.; Jung, J.Y.; Lee, E.P.; Leitner, M.; Lidia, S.M.; Logan, B.G.; Lund, S. M.; Reginato, L.L.; Roy, P.K.; Seidl, P.A.; Sharp, W. M.; Takakuwa, J.; Waldron, W.L.

    2011-04-20

    NDCX-II. The NDCX-II project started in July 2009 and is expected to complete in fall of 2011.

  14. NDCX-II PULSED POWER SYSTEM AND INDUCTION CELLS

    SciTech Connect

    Waldron, W.L.; Reginato, L.L.; Leitner, M.

    2009-06-01

    The Heavy Ion Fusion Science Virtual National Laboratory (HIFS-VNL) is currently finalizing the design of NDCX-II, the second phase of the Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment, which will use an ion beam to explore Warm Dense Matter (WDM) and Inertial Fusion Energy (IFE) target hydrodynamics. The ion induction accelerator will include induction cells and Blumleins from the decommissioned Advanced Test Accelerator (ATA) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). A test stand has been built at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) to test refurbished ATA induction cells and pulsed power hardware for voltage holding and ability to produce various compression and acceleration waveforms. The performance requirements, design modifications, and test results will be presented.

  15. Simulations of ion beams for NDCX-II

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grote, D. P.; Friedman, A.; Sharp, W. M.

    2014-01-01

    NDCX-II, the second neutralized drift compression experiment, is a moderate energy, high current accelerator designed to drive targets for warm dense matter and IFE-relevant energy coupling studies, and to serve as a testbed for high current accelerator physics. As part of the design process, studies were carried out to assess the sensitivities of the accelerator to errors, and to further optimize the design in concert with the evolving pulsed power engineering. The Warp code was used to carry out detailed simulations in both axisymmetric and full 3-D geometry. Ensembles of simulations were carried out to characterize the effects of errors, such as timing jitter and noise on the accelerator waveforms, noise on the source waveform, and solenoid and source offsets. In some cases, the ensemble studies resulted in better designs, revealing operating points with improved performance and showing possible means for further improvement. These studies also revealed a new non-paraxial effect of the final focus solenoid on the beam, which must be taken into account in designing an optimal final focusing system.

  16. Design and Fabrication of the Lithium Beam Ion Injector for NDCX-II

    SciTech Connect

    Takakuwa, J.

    2011-03-01

    A 130 keV injector is developed for the NDCX-II facility. It consists of a 10.9 cm diameter lithium doped alumina-silicate ion source heated to {approx}1300 C and 3 electrodes. Other components include a segmented Rogowski coil for current and beam position monitoring, a gate valve, pumping ports, a focusing solenoid, a steering coil and space for inspection and maintenance access. Significant design challenges including managing the 3-4 kW of power dissipation from the source heater, temperature uniformity across the emitter surface, quick access for frequent ion source replacement, mechanical alignment with tight tolerance, and structural stabilization of the cantilevered 27-inch OD graded HV ceramic column. The injector fabrication is scheduled to complete by May 2011, and assembly and installation is scheduled to complete by the beginning of July. The Neutralized Drift Compression eXperiment (NDCX-II) is for the study of high energy density physics and inertial fusion energy research utilizing a lithium ion (Li+) beam with a current of 93 mA and a pulse length of 500 ns (compressed to 1 ns at the target). The injector is one of the most complicated sections of the NDCX-II accelerator demanding significant design and fabrication resources. It needs to accommodate a relatively large ion source (10.9 cm), a high heat load (3-4 kW) and specific beam optics developed from the physics model. Some specific design challenges are noted in this paper.

  17. DEVELOPING THE PHYSICS DESIGN FOR NDCX-II, A UNIQUE PULSE-COMPRESSING ION ACCELERATOR

    SciTech Connect

    Friedman, A.; Barnard, J. J.; Cohen, R. H.; Grote, D. P.; Lund, S. M.; Sharp, W. M.; Faltens, A.; Henestroza, E.; Jung, J-Y.; Kwan, J. W.; Lee, E. P.; Leitner, M. A.; Logan, B. G.; Vay, J.-L.; Waldron, W. L.; Davidson, R.C.; Dorf, M.; Gilson, E.P.; Kaganovich, I.

    2009-07-20

    The Heavy Ion Fusion Science Virtual National Laboratory(a collaboration of LBNL, LLNL, and PPPL) is using intense ion beams to heat thin foils to the"warm dense matter" regime at<~;; 1 eV, and is developing capabilities for studying target physics relevant to ion-driven inertial fusion energy. The need for rapid target heating led to the development of plasma-neutralized pulse compression, with current amplification factors exceeding 50 now routine on the Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment (NDCX). Construction of an improved platform, NDCX-II, has begun at LBNL with planned completion in 2012. Using refurbished induction cells from the Advanced Test Accelerator at LLNL, NDCX-II will compress a ~;;500 ns pulse of Li+ ions to ~;;1 ns while accelerating it to 3-4 MeV over ~;;15 m. Strong space charge forces are incorporated into the machine design at a fundamental level. We are using analysis, an interactive 1D PIC code (ASP) with optimizing capabilities and centroid tracking, and multi-dimensional Warpcode PIC simulations, to develop the NDCX-II accelerator. This paper describes the computational models employed, and the resulting physics design for the accelerator.

  18. NDCX-II, A New Induction Linear Accelerator for Warm Dense Matter Research

    SciTech Connect

    Leitner, M.; Bieniosek, F.; Kwan, J.; Logan, G.; Waldron, W.; Barnard, J.J.; Friedman, A.; Sharp, B.; Gilson, E.; Davidson, R.

    2009-06-01

    The Heavy Ion Fusion Science Virtual National Laboratory (HIFS-VNL), a collaboration between Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), is currently constructing a new induction linear accelerator, called Neutralized Drift Compression eXperiment NDCX-II. The accelerator design makes effective use of existing components from LLNL's decommissioned Advanced Test Accelerator (ATA), especially induction cells and Blumlein voltage sources that have been transferred to LBNL. We have developed an aggressive acceleration 'schedule' that compresses the emitted ion pulse from 500 ns to 1 ns in just 15 meters. In the nominal design concept, 30 nC of Li{sup +} are accelerated to 3.5 MeV and allowed to drift-compress to a peak current of about 30 A. That beam will be utilized for warm dense matter experiments investigating the interaction of ion beams with matter at high temperature and pressure. Construction of the accelerator will be complete within a period of approximately two and a half years and will provide a worldwide unique opportunity for ion-driven warm dense matter experiments as well as research related to novel beam manipulations for heavy ion fusion drivers.

  19. PLANS FOR WARM DENSE MATTER EXPERIMENTS AND IFE TARGET EXPERIMENTS ON NDCX-II

    SciTech Connect

    Waldron, W.L.; Barnard, J.J.; Bieniosek, F.M.; Friedman, A.; Henestroza, E.; Leitner, M.; Logan, B.G.; Ni, P.A.; Roy, P.K.; Seidl, P.A.; Sharp, W.M.

    2008-09-22

    The Heavy Ion Fusion Science Virtual National Laboratory (HIFS-VNL) is currently developing design concepts for NDCX-II, the second phase of the Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment, which will use ion beams to explore Warm Dense Matter (WDM) and Inertial Fusion Energy (IFE) target hydrodynamics. The ion induction accelerator will consist of a new short pulse injector and induction cells from the decommissioned Advanced Test Accelerator (ATA) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). To fit within an existing building and to meet the energy and temporal requirements of various target experiments, an aggressive beam compression and acceleration schedule is planned. WDM physics and ion-driven direct drive hydrodynamics will initially be explored with 30 nC of lithium ions in experiments involving ion deposition, ablation, acceleration and stability of planar targets. Other ion sources which may deliver higher charge per bunch will be explored. A test stand has been built at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) to test refurbished ATA induction cells and pulsed power hardware for voltage holding and ability to produce various compression and acceleration waveforms. Another test stand is being used to develop and characterize lithium-doped aluminosilicate ion sources. The first experiments will include heating metallic targets to 10,000 K and hydrodynamics studies with cryogenic hydrogen targets.

  20. Initial Assessment of Electron and X-Ray Production and Charge Exchange in the NDCX-II Accelerator

    SciTech Connect

    COHEN, R.H.

    2010-02-18

    The purpose of this note is to provide initial assessments of some atomic physics effects for the accelerator section of NDCX-II. There are several effects we address: the production of electrons associated with loss of beam ions to the walls, the production of electrons associated with ionization of background gas, the possibly resultant production of X-rays when these electrons hit bounding surfaces, and charge exchange of beam ions on background gas. The results presented here are based on a number of caveats that will be stated below, which we will attempt to remove in the near future.

  1. Beam dynamics of the Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment-II (NDCX-II),a novel pulse-compressing ion accelerator

    SciTech Connect

    Friedman, A.; Barnard, J.J.; Cohen, R.H.; Grote, D.P.; Lund, S.M.; Sharp, W.M.; Faltens, A.; Henestroza, E.; Jung, J.-Y.; Kwan, J.W.; Lee, E.P.; Leitner, M.A.; Logan, B.G.; Vay, J.-L.; Waldron, W.L.; Davidson, R.C.; Dorf, M.; Gilson, E.P.; Kaganovich, I.D.

    2009-12-19

    Intense beams of heavy ions are well suited for heating matter to regimes of emerging interest. A new facility, NDCX-II, will enable studies of warm dense matter at {approx}1 eV and near-solid density, and of heavy-ion inertial fusion target physics relevant to electric power production. For these applications the beam must deposit its energy rapidly, before the target can expand significantly. To form such pulses, ion beams are temporally compressed in neutralizing plasma; current amplification factors of {approx}50-100 are routinely obtained on the Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment (NDCX) at LBNL. In the NDCX-II physics design, an initial non-neutralized compression renders the pulse short enough that existing high-voltage pulsed power can be employed. This compression is first halted and then reversed by the beam's longitudinal space-charge field. Downstream induction cells provide acceleration and impose the head-to-tail velocity gradient that leads to the final neutralized compression onto the target. This paper describes the discrete-particle simulation models (1-D, 2-D, and 3-D) employed and the space-charge-dominated beam dynamics being realized.

  2. Beam dynamics of the Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment-II (NDCX-II), a novel pulse-compressing ion accelerator

    SciTech Connect

    Friedman, A; Barnard, J J; Cohen, R H; Grote, D P; Lund, S M; Sharp, W M; Faltens, A; Henestroza, E; Jung, J; Kwan, J W; Lee, E P; Leitner, M A; Logan, B G; Vay, J; Waldron, W L; Davidson, R C; Dorf, M; Gilson, E P; Kaganovich, I

    2009-11-19

    Intense beams of heavy ions are well suited for heating matter to regimes of emerging interest. A new facility, NDCX-II, will enable studies of warm dense matter at {approx}1 eV and near-solid density, and of heavy-ion inertial fusion target physics relevant to electric power production. For these applications the beam must deposit its energy rapidly, before the target can expand significantly. To form such pulses, ion beams are temporally compressed in neutralizing plasma; current amplification factors of {approx}50-100 are routinely obtained on the Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment (NDCX) at LBNL. In the NDCX-II physics design, an initial non-neutralized compression renders the pulse short enough that existing high-voltage pulsed power can be employed. This compression is first halted and then reversed by the beam's longitudinal space-charge field. Downstream induction cells provide acceleration and impose the head-to-tail velocity gradient that leads to the final neutralized compression onto the target. This paper describes the discrete-particle simulation models (1-D, 2-D, and 3-D) employed and the space-charge-dominated beam dynamics being realized.

  3. 15 CFR 400.42 - Requirements for commencement of operations in a zone project.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Requirements for commencement of operations in a zone project. 400.42 Section 400.42 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) FOREIGN-TRADE ZONES BOARD, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE REGULATIONS OF...

  4. 15 CFR 400.42 - Requirements for commencement of operations in a zone project.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Requirements for commencement of operations in a zone project. 400.42 Section 400.42 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) FOREIGN-TRADE ZONES BOARD, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE REGULATIONS OF...

  5. 15 CFR 400.42 - Requirements for commencement of operations in a zone project.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Requirements for commencement of operations in a zone project. 400.42 Section 400.42 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) FOREIGN-TRADE ZONES BOARD, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE REGULATIONS OF...

  6. A multi-wavelength streak-optical-pyrometer for warm-dense matter experiments at NDCX-I and NDCX-II

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ni, P. A.; Bieniosek, F. M.; Henestroza, E.; Lidia, S. M.

    2014-01-01

    We report on a multi-wavelength streak-optical-pyrometer (SOP) developed the for warm-dense-matter (WDM) experiments at the existing NDCX-I facility and the NDCX-II facility currently being commissioned at LBNL. The SOP served as the primary temperature diagnostic in the recent NDCX-I experiments, in which an intense K+ beam was used to heat different metal samples into WDM states. The SOP consists of a spectral grating (visible and near-infrared spectral range) and a fast, high-dynamic-range optical streak camera. The instrument is calibrated absolutely with a NIST-traceable tungsten ribbon lamp and can itself be considered as an absolutely calibrated, time-resolving spectrometer. The sample temperature is determined from fitting the recorded thermal spectrum into the Planck formula multiplied by a model of emissivity.

  7. Assess the key physics that underpins high-hydro coupling-efficiency in NDCX-II experiments and high-gain heavy ion direct drive target designs using proven hydro codes like HYDRA

    SciTech Connect

    Barnard, J. J.; Hay, M. J.; Logan, B. G.; Ng, S. F.; Perkins, L. J.; Veitzer, S.; Yu, S. S.

    2010-07-01

    The simulations provided in this milestone have solidified the theoretical underpinning of direct drive targets and also the ability to design experiments on NDCX II that will enhance our understanding of ion-beam hydrodynamic coupling, and thus be relevant to IFE. For the case of the IFE targets, we have studied hydro and implosion efficiency using HYDRA in ID, a starting point towards the goal of polar direct drive in geometry compatible with liquid wall chambers. Recent analysis of direct drive fusion energy targets using heavy ion beams has found high coupling efficiency of ion beam energy into implosion energy. However, to obtain optimal coupling, the ion energy must increase during the pulse in order to penetrate the outflowing ablated material, and deposit the energy close enough to the fuel so that the fuel achieves sufficient implosion velocity. We have computationally explored ID (radial) time dependent models of ion driven direct drive capsule implosions using the Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) code HYDRA, to help validate the theoretical analysis done so far, particularly exploring the effects of varying the ion energy and ion current over the course of the pulse. On NDCX II, experiments have been proposed to explore issues of ion penetration of the outflowing plasma over the course of the ion pulse. One possibility is to create a first pulse of ions that heats a planar target, and produces an outflow of material. A second pulse, {approx}10 ns after the first, of higher ion energy (and hence larger projected range) will interact with this outflow before reaching and further heating the target. We have investigated whether the change in range can be tailored to match the evolution of the ablation front. We have carried out simulations using the one-dimensional hydrodynamic code DISH and HYDRA to set parameters for this class of experiments. DISH was upgraded with an ion deposition algorithm, and we have carried out ID (planar) simulations. HYDRA was

  8. Hold Fast Your Dreams: Twenty Commencement Speeches.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyko, Carrie, Comp.; Colen, Kimberly, Comp.

    This anthology contains 20 commencement addresses delivered by prominent and successful Americans from many different fields of endeavor--all the addresses have in common an understanding of the audience's thoughts and feelings at the important moment of a college graduation. Each speech in the anthology is preceded by a brief biography of the…

  9. 38 CFR 21.4131 - Commencing dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...—the course or subject leads to a standard college degree. (1) When the student enrolls in a course... assistance will be the date the student began pursuit of the course according to the regularly established... this section when a student enrolls in a resident course or subject, the commencing date of the...

  10. 45 CFR 2400.44 - Commencement of graduate study.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... FELLOWSHIP FOUNDATION FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS Graduate Study § 2400.44 Commencement of graduate study. (a) Fellows may commence study under their fellowships as early as the summer following...

  11. 45 CFR 2400.44 - Commencement of graduate study.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... FELLOWSHIP FOUNDATION FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS Graduate Study § 2400.44 Commencement of graduate study. (a) Fellows may commence study under their fellowships as early as the summer following...

  12. 45 CFR 2400.44 - Commencement of graduate study.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Commencement of graduate study. 2400.44 Section... FELLOWSHIP FOUNDATION FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS Graduate Study § 2400.44 Commencement of graduate study. (a) Fellows may commence study under their fellowships as early as the summer following...

  13. 45 CFR 2400.44 - Commencement of graduate study.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Commencement of graduate study. 2400.44 Section... FELLOWSHIP FOUNDATION FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS Graduate Study § 2400.44 Commencement of graduate study. (a) Fellows may commence study under their fellowships as early as the summer following...

  14. 47 CFR 22.946 - Service commencement and construction systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Service commencement and construction systems. 22.946 Section 22.946 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES PUBLIC MOBILE SERVICES Cellular Radiotelephone Service § 22.946 Service commencement and construction systems. (a) Commencement of...

  15. Magnetospheric plasma motion during a sudden commencement.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lin, C.-A.; Young, D. T.; Wolf, R. A.

    1973-01-01

    A sudden commencement occurred at 2348 UT on Feb. 15, 1967, when the ATS-1 satellite was about 2 hr past local noon at a geocentric distance of 6.6 earth radii. Plasma was observed by the Suprathermal Ion Detector first to flow in the antisolar direction, as expected, but then to flow westward, for about 2 min, at about 50 km/sec. Analysis of ground magnetograms suggests that the surprising westward flow, which must have involved an electric field of about 10 mV/m at 6.6 earth radii, resulted from the ionosphere's reaction to the sudden commencement. Beginning about 2 min before the start of the westward flow at ATS-1, ground magnetometers near the foot of the ATS-1 field line typically recorded magnetic-field deflections of about 70 gamma, to the northeast. Taking the ground observations, assuming a height-integrated Hall conductivity of 1 mho, and a standoff distance of 7.2 earth radii inferred from Explorer 33 solar-wind data, a magnetospheric electric field is derived which agrees in magnitude and direction with that required to produce the observed flow at ATS-1.

  16. Storm Sudden Commencements Without Interplanetary Shocks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, Wooyeon; Lee, Jeongwoo; Yi, Yu; Ssessanga, Nicholas; Oh, Suyeon

    2015-09-01

    Storm sudden commencements (SSCs) occur due to a rapid compression of the Earth's magnetic field. This is generally believed to be caused by interplanetary (IP) shocks, but with exceptions. In this paper we explore possible causes of SSCs other than IP shocks through a statistical study of geomagnetic storms using SYM-H data provided by the World Data Center for Geomagnetism ? Kyoto and by applying a superposed epoch analysis to simultaneous solar wind parameters obtained with the Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) satellite. We select a total of 274 geomagnetic storms with minimum SYM-H of less than ?30nT during 1998-2008 and regard them as SSCs if SYM-H increases by more than 10 nT over 10 minutes. Under this criterion, we found 103 geomagnetic storms with both SSC and IP shocks and 28 storms with SSC not associated with IP shocks. Storms in the former group share the property that the strength of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF), proton density and proton velocity increase together with SYM-H, implying the action of IP shocks. During the storms in the latter group, only the proton density rises with SYM-H. We find that the density increase is associated with either high speed streams (HSSs) or interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs), and suggest that HSSs and ICMEs may be alternative contributors to SSCs.

  17. Prayer and University Commencement: Application of "Lee v. Weisman."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colwell, W. Bradley; Thurston, Paul W.

    1995-01-01

    Discusses reasons why the "Lee v. Weisman" Supreme Court decision that held unconstitutional a Rhode Island school policy for prayer at a junior high school commencement does not extend to the university level. Concludes that an appropriately worded commencement prayer could pass the three-part "Lemon" threshold and not violate the Constitution.…

  18. 5 CFR 844.301 - Commencing date of disability annuity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Commencing date of disability annuity... SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DISABILITY RETIREMENT Computation of Disability Annuity § 844.301 Commencing date of disability annuity. A disability annuity under this...

  19. 5 CFR 844.301 - Commencing date of disability annuity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Commencing date of disability annuity... SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DISABILITY RETIREMENT Computation of Disability Annuity § 844.301 Commencing date of disability annuity. A disability annuity under this...

  20. 5 CFR 844.301 - Commencing date of disability annuity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Commencing date of disability annuity... SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DISABILITY RETIREMENT Computation of Disability Annuity § 844.301 Commencing date of disability annuity. A disability annuity under this...

  1. 5 CFR 844.301 - Commencing date of disability annuity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Commencing date of disability annuity... SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DISABILITY RETIREMENT Computation of Disability Annuity § 844.301 Commencing date of disability annuity. A disability annuity under this...

  2. 6 CFR 27.310 - Commencement of adjudication proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Commencement of adjudication proceedings. 27.310 Section 27.310 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY CHEMICAL FACILITY ANTI-TERRORISM STANDARDS Orders and Adjudications § 27.310 Commencement of...

  3. 49 CFR 511.11 - Commencement of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Commencement of proceedings. 511.11 Section 511.11 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ADJUDICATIVE PROCEDURES Pleadings; Form; Execution; Service of Documents § 511.11 Commencement...

  4. 47 CFR 22.946 - Service commencement and construction systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Service commencement and construction systems... construction systems. (a) Commencement of service. New cellular systems must be at least partially constructed... telephone calls to and receive telephone calls from wireline telephones through the PSTN. (c)...

  5. 6 CFR 27.310 - Commencement of adjudication proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Commencement of adjudication proceedings. 27.310 Section 27.310 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY CHEMICAL FACILITY ANTI-TERRORISM STANDARDS Orders and Adjudications § 27.310 Commencement of...

  6. 6 CFR 27.310 - Commencement of adjudication proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Commencement of adjudication proceedings. 27.310 Section 27.310 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY CHEMICAL FACILITY ANTI-TERRORISM STANDARDS Orders and Adjudications § 27.310 Commencement of...

  7. 6 CFR 27.310 - Commencement of adjudication proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Commencement of adjudication proceedings. 27.310 Section 27.310 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY CHEMICAL FACILITY ANTI-TERRORISM STANDARDS Orders and Adjudications § 27.310 Commencement of...

  8. 6 CFR 27.310 - Commencement of adjudication proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Commencement of adjudication proceedings. 27.310 Section 27.310 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY CHEMICAL FACILITY ANTI-TERRORISM STANDARDS Orders and Adjudications § 27.310 Commencement of...

  9. 5 CFR 844.301 - Commencing date of disability annuity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Commencing date of disability annuity... SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DISABILITY RETIREMENT Computation of Disability Annuity § 844.301 Commencing date of disability annuity. A disability annuity under this...

  10. 37 CFR 251.61 - Commencement of adjustment proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... cable, ephemeral recordings, certain digital audio transmissions, phonorecords, digital phonorecord... the parties. (3) Digital audio transmissions: For preexisting digital subscription transmission services and preexisting satellite digital audio radio services: (i) During a 60-day period commencing...

  11. 25 CFR 226.16 - Commencement of operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... LANDS FOR OIL AND GAS MINING Operations § 226.16 Commencement of operations. (a) No operations shall be... exploration work. (b) Lessee shall submit applications on forms to be furnished by the Superintendent...

  12. 37 CFR 1.491 - National stage commencement and entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... national stage shall commence with the expiration of the applicable time limit under PCT Article 22 (1) or (2), or under PCT Article 39(1)(a). (b) An international application enters the national stage...

  13. 24 CFR 242.45 - Early commencement of work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... review under 24 CFR 242.79. The work must meet all requirements and guidelines as if it were approved for... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Early commencement of work. 242.45... review under 24 CFR 242.79, previous participation review, and the agreement to certain conditions by...

  14. 24 CFR 242.45 - Early commencement of work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... review under 24 CFR 242.79. The work must meet all requirements and guidelines as if it were approved for... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Early commencement of work. 242.45... review under 24 CFR 242.79, previous participation review, and the agreement to certain conditions by...

  15. 29 CFR 801.60 - Commencement of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Commencement of proceeding. 801.60 Section 801.60 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OTHER LAWS APPLICATION OF THE EMPLOYEE POLYGRAPH PROTECTION ACT OF 1988 Administrative Proceedings Rules of Practice §...

  16. 29 CFR 801.60 - Commencement of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Commencement of proceeding. 801.60 Section 801.60 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OTHER LAWS APPLICATION OF THE EMPLOYEE POLYGRAPH PROTECTION ACT OF 1988 Administrative Proceedings Rules of Practice §...

  17. 29 CFR 801.60 - Commencement of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Commencement of proceeding. 801.60 Section 801.60 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OTHER LAWS APPLICATION OF THE EMPLOYEE POLYGRAPH PROTECTION ACT OF 1988 Administrative Proceedings Rules of Practice §...

  18. 29 CFR 801.60 - Commencement of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Commencement of proceeding. 801.60 Section 801.60 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OTHER LAWS APPLICATION OF THE EMPLOYEE POLYGRAPH PROTECTION ACT OF 1988 Administrative Proceedings Rules of Practice §...

  19. 29 CFR 801.60 - Commencement of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Commencement of proceeding. 801.60 Section 801.60 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OTHER LAWS APPLICATION OF THE EMPLOYEE POLYGRAPH PROTECTION ACT OF 1988 Administrative Proceedings Rules of Practice §...

  20. 37 CFR 1.491 - National stage commencement and entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Provisions National Stage § 1.491 National stage commencement and entry. (a) Subject to 35 U.S.C. 371(f), the... the applicant has filed the documents and fees required by 35 U.S.C. 371(c) within the period set...

  1. 37 CFR 1.491 - National stage commencement and entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Provisions National Stage § 1.491 National stage commencement and entry. (a) Subject to 35 U.S.C. 371(f), the... the applicant has filed the documents and fees required by 35 U.S.C. 371(c) within the period set...

  2. 37 CFR 251.61 - Commencement of adjustment proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Commencement of adjustment proceedings. 251.61 Section 251.61 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT OFFICE, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPYRIGHT ARBITRATION ROYALTY PANEL RULES AND PROCEDURES COPYRIGHT ARBITRATION ROYALTY PANEL RULES OF PROCEDURE Rate Adjustment Proceedings...

  3. 37 CFR 251.71 - Commencement of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Commencement of proceedings. 251.71 Section 251.71 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT OFFICE, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPYRIGHT ARBITRATION ROYALTY PANEL RULES AND PROCEDURES COPYRIGHT ARBITRATION ROYALTY PANEL RULES OF PROCEDURE Royalty Fee Distribution Proceedings §...

  4. 29 CFR 500.221 - Commencement of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Commencement of proceeding. 500.221 Section 500.221 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS MIGRANT AND SEASONAL AGRICULTURAL WORKER PROTECTION Administrative Proceedings Rules of Practice § 500.221...

  5. 29 CFR 500.221 - Commencement of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Commencement of proceeding. 500.221 Section 500.221 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS MIGRANT AND SEASONAL AGRICULTURAL WORKER PROTECTION Administrative Proceedings Rules of Practice § 500.221...

  6. 29 CFR 501.35 - Commencement of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Commencement of proceeding. 501.35 Section 501.35 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS ENFORCEMENT OF CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS FOR TEMPORARY ALIEN AGRICULTURAL WORKERS ADMITTED UNDER SECTION 218 OF...

  7. 29 CFR 501.35 - Commencement of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Commencement of proceeding. 501.35 Section 501.35 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS ENFORCEMENT OF CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS FOR TEMPORARY ALIEN AGRICULTURAL WORKERS ADMITTED UNDER SECTION 218 OF...

  8. 8 CFR 1003.14 - Jurisdiction and commencement of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... proceedings. 1003.14 Section 1003.14 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE GENERAL PROVISIONS EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW Immigration Court-Rules of... before an Immigration Judge commence, when a charging document is filed with the Immigration Court by...

  9. 8 CFR 1003.14 - Jurisdiction and commencement of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... proceedings. 1003.14 Section 1003.14 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE GENERAL PROVISIONS EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW Immigration Court-Rules of... before an Immigration Judge commence, when a charging document is filed with the Immigration Court by...

  10. 8 CFR 1003.14 - Jurisdiction and commencement of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... proceedings. 1003.14 Section 1003.14 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE GENERAL PROVISIONS EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW Immigration Court-Rules of... before an Immigration Judge commence, when a charging document is filed with the Immigration Court by...

  11. 8 CFR 1003.14 - Jurisdiction and commencement of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... proceedings. 1003.14 Section 1003.14 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE GENERAL PROVISIONS EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW Immigration Court-Rules of... before an Immigration Judge commence, when a charging document is filed with the Immigration Court by...

  12. 8 CFR 1003.14 - Jurisdiction and commencement of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... proceedings. 1003.14 Section 1003.14 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE GENERAL PROVISIONS EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW Immigration Court-Rules of... before an Immigration Judge commence, when a charging document is filed with the Immigration Court by...

  13. 16 CFR 1.11 - Commencement of a rulemaking proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Commencement of a rulemaking proceeding. 1.11 Section 1.11 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION ORGANIZATION, PROCEDURES AND RULES OF PRACTICE GENERAL PROCEDURES Rules and Rulemaking Under Section 18(a)(1)(B) of the FTC Act §...

  14. 78 FR 18365 - Commencement of Iraq Claims Adjudication Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-26

    ... Foreign Claims Settlement Commission Commencement of Iraq Claims Adjudication Program AGENCY: Foreign... certain category of claims of United States nationals against the Government of Iraq, as defined below... of America and the Government of the Republic of Iraq,'' dated September 2, 2010 (``Claims...

  15. 43 CFR 4.351 - Commencement of the determination process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Commencement of the determination process. 4.351 Section 4.351 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior DEPARTMENT HEARINGS AND APPEALS PROCEDURES Rules Applicable in Indian Affairs Hearings and Appeals White...

  16. 43 CFR 4.351 - Commencement of the determination process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Commencement of the determination process. 4.351 Section 4.351 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior DEPARTMENT HEARINGS AND APPEALS PROCEDURES Rules Applicable in Indian Affairs Hearings and Appeals White...

  17. 43 CFR 4.351 - Commencement of the determination process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Commencement of the determination process. 4.351 Section 4.351 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior DEPARTMENT HEARINGS AND APPEALS PROCEDURES Rules Applicable in Indian Affairs Hearings and Appeals White...

  18. 49 CFR 1108.7 - Arbitration commencement procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... under § 1108.5(a) and set forth in 49 CFR 1002.2(f)(87). Each complaint served on a defendant shall be... 49 Transportation 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Arbitration commencement procedures. 1108.7... TRANSPORTATION BOARD, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RULES OF PRACTICE ARBITRATION OF CERTAIN DISPUTES SUBJECT...

  19. 43 CFR 4.351 - Commencement of the determination process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Commencement of the determination process. 4.351 Section 4.351 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior DEPARTMENT HEARINGS AND APPEALS PROCEDURES Rules Applicable in Indian Affairs Hearings and Appeals White...

  20. 43 CFR 4.351 - Commencement of the determination process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Commencement of the determination process. 4.351 Section 4.351 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior DEPARTMENT HEARINGS AND APPEALS PROCEDURES Rules Applicable in Indian Affairs Hearings and Appeals White...

  1. 12 CFR 980.4 - Commencement of new business activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... activity: (a) Sixty days after receipt by the Finance Board of the notice of new business activity under..., immediately upon receipt by the Finance Board of a notice of new business activity under § 980.3; or (c... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Commencement of new business activities....

  2. 19 CFR 210.8 - Commencement of preinstitution proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Commencement of preinstitution proceedings. 210.8 Section 210.8 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION INVESTIGATIONS OF UNFAIR... requirements apply for the filing of a supplement to the complaint. (2) If the complainant is seeking...

  3. 19 CFR 210.8 - Commencement of preinstitution proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Commencement of preinstitution proceedings. 210.8 Section 210.8 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION INVESTIGATIONS OF UNFAIR... requirements apply for the filing of a supplement to the complaint. (2) If the complainant is seeking...

  4. 17 CFR 240.14d-2 - Commencement of a tender offer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Commencement of a tender offer... Securities Exchange Act of 1934 Regulation 14d § 240.14d-2 Commencement of a tender offer. (a) Date of commencement. A bidder will have commenced its tender offer for purposes of section 14(d) of the Act (15...

  5. 17 CFR 240.14d-2 - Commencement of a tender offer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Commencement of a tender offer... Securities Exchange Act of 1934 Regulation 14d § 240.14d-2 Commencement of a tender offer. (a) Date of commencement. A bidder will have commenced its tender offer for purposes of section 14(d) of the Act (15...

  6. 17 CFR 240.14d-2 - Commencement of a tender offer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Commencement of a tender offer... Securities Exchange Act of 1934 Regulation 14d § 240.14d-2 Commencement of a tender offer. (a) Date of commencement. A bidder will have commenced its tender offer for purposes of section 14(d) of the Act (15...

  7. Simulation of Theoretical Most-Extreme Geomagnetic Sudden Commencements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Welling, Daniel; Love, Jeffrey; Wiltberger, Michael; Rigler, Erin; Gombosi, Tamas

    2016-04-01

    We report results from a numerical simulation of geomagnetic sudden commencements driven by solar wind conditions given by theoretical-limit extreme coronal-mass ejections (CMEs) estimated by Tsurutani and Lakhina [2014]. The CME characteristics at Earth are a step function that jumps from typical quiet values to 2700 km/s flow speed and a magnetic field magnitude of 127 nT. These values are used to drive three coupled models: a global magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) magnetospheric model (BATS-R-US), a ring current model (the Rice Convection Model, RCM), and a height-integrated ionospheric electrodynamics model (the Ridley Ionosphere Model, RIM), all coupled together using the Space Weather Modeling Framework (SWMF). Additionally, simulations from the Lyon-Fedder-Mobarry MHD model are performed for comparison. The commencement is simulated with both purely northward and southward IMF orientations. Low-latitude ground-level geomagnetic variations, both B and dB/dt, are estimated in response to the storm sudden commencement. For a northward interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) storm, the combined models predict a maximum sudden commencement response, Dst-equivalent of +200 nT and a maximum local dB/dt of ~200nT/s. While this positive Dst response is driven mainly by magnetopause currents, complicated and dynamic Birkeland current patterns also develop, which drive the strong dB/dt responses at high latitude. For southward IMF conditions, erosion of dayside magnetic flux allows magnetopause currents to approach much closer to the Earth, leading to a stronger terrestrial response (Dst-equivalent of +250 nT). Further, high latitude signals from Region 1 Birkeland currents move to lower latitudes during the southward IMF case, increasing the risk to populated areas around the globe. Results inform fundamental understanding of solar-terrestrial interaction and benchmark estimates for induction hazards of interest to the electric-power grid industry.

  8. 33 CFR 165.1305 - Commencement Bay, Tacoma, WA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... portions of Commencement Bay bounded by the following coordinates: Latitude 47°17′38″ N, Longitude 122°28′43 W; thence south easterly to Latitude 47°17′4″ N, Longitude 122°27′32″ W; thence south westerly to Latitude 47°16′35″ N, Longitude 122°28′1″ W; thence north westerly along the shoreline to Latitude...

  9. Commencing nursing students' perceptions and anxiety of bioscience.

    PubMed

    Craft, Judy; Hudson, Peter; Plenderleith, Mark; Wirihana, Lisa; Gordon, Christopher

    2013-11-01

    It is known that bioscience is perceived to be difficult and causes anxiety within undergraduate nursing students; yet, commencing students' perceptions of bioscience is not known. Therefore, the aim of this study was to ascertain incoming students' perceptions, knowledge and approaches to learning bioscience. Incoming students to the Bachelor of Nursing completed a questionnaire prior to undertaking bioscience. Two hundred and seventy three students completed the questionnaire that explored their expectations, preconceptions of bioscience content, approaches to learning bioscience, and relationship to clinical practice in the context of biosciences. Participant ages ranged from 17 to 53 (mean 23 years), and 78% of students had completed at least one secondary school science subject, of which 60% had studied biology. Overall, students' preconceptions included anxiety about studying bioscience, bioscience being difficult and harder than nursing subjects, and that more content will be required for bioscience than nursing subjects. Analysis using ANOVA revealed the relationships for secondary school science and age on student responses. A significant effect of secondary school science was found for science in school being advantageous for bioscience (p=0.010), understanding what bioscience entails (p=0.002), needing to study science prior to the start of the semester (p=0.009), and that bioscience is considered difficult (p=0.029). A significant effect of age was found for exams being more difficult than other assessments (p=0.000) and for being able to see the relevance of nursing when reaching the workplace (p=0.011). The findings also indicated that perceptions and associated anxieties related to bioscience were present in commencing students, similar to those which have been reported previously in established student groups. This strongly suggests that the faculty should attempt to dispel preconceptions about bioscience and target improved supports to facilitate

  10. 5 CFR 843.408 - Commencing and terminating dates of child annuities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... subpart— (1) Commences on the day after the retiree or employee dies; (2) Commences or resumes on the... of self-support; or (5) Dies or marries. (c) A survivor annuity accrues on a daily basis,...

  11. 12 CFR 1102.32 - Notice of Intention to Commence a Proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Notice of Intention to Commence a Proceeding... REGULATION Rules of Practice for Proceedings § 1102.32 Notice of Intention to Commence a Proceeding. The ASC... Register a Notice of Intention To Commence A Proceeding (Notice of Intention). The Notice of...

  12. 13 CFR 134.803 - Commencement of appeals from AMO decisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Commencement of appeals from AMO... § 134.803 Commencement of appeals from AMO decisions. (a) An appeal from an AMO decision must be commenced by filing an appeal petition within 15 days from the date the Employee receives the AMO's...

  13. 19 CFR 356.3 - Notice of intent to commence judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Notice of intent to commence judicial review. 356.3 Section 356.3 Customs Duties INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROCEDURES... Commencing Review of Final Determinations § 356.3 Notice of intent to commence judicial review. A party to...

  14. 8 CFR 241.20 - Proceedings commenced prior to April 1, 1997.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Commenced Prior to April 1, 1997) § 241.20 Proceedings commenced prior to April 1, 1997. Subpart B of 8 CFR... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Proceedings commenced prior to April 1, 1997. 241.20 Section 241.20 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY...

  15. 48 CFR 22.1014 - Delay over 60 days in bid opening or commencement of work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... opening or commencement of work. 22.1014 Section 22.1014 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... Contract Act of 1965, as Amended 22.1014 Delay over 60 days in bid opening or commencement of work. If a wage determination was obtained through the e98 process, and bid opening, or commencement of work...

  16. 40 CFR 720.102 - Notice of commencement of manufacture or import.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Notice of commencement of manufacture... (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT PREMANUFACTURE NOTIFICATION Commencement of Manufacture or Import § 720.102 Notice of commencement of manufacture or import. (a) Applicability. Any person who...

  17. 40 CFR 720.102 - Notice of commencement of manufacture or import.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Notice of commencement of manufacture... (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT PREMANUFACTURE NOTIFICATION Commencement of Manufacture or Import § 720.102 Notice of commencement of manufacture or import. (a) Applicability. Any person who...

  18. 40 CFR 720.102 - Notice of commencement of manufacture or import.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Notice of commencement of manufacture... (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT PREMANUFACTURE NOTIFICATION Commencement of Manufacture or Import § 720.102 Notice of commencement of manufacture or import. (a) Applicability. Any person who...

  19. 40 CFR 720.102 - Notice of commencement of manufacture or import.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Notice of commencement of manufacture... (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT PREMANUFACTURE NOTIFICATION Commencement of Manufacture or Import § 720.102 Notice of commencement of manufacture or import. (a) Applicability. Any person who...

  20. 40 CFR 720.102 - Notice of commencement of manufacture or import.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Notice of commencement of manufacture... (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT PREMANUFACTURE NOTIFICATION Commencement of Manufacture or Import § 720.102 Notice of commencement of manufacture or import. (a) Applicability. Any person who...

  1. 43 CFR 30.111 - How does OHA commence a probate case?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false How does OHA commence a probate case? 30.111 Section 30.111 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior INDIAN PROBATE HEARINGS PROCEDURES Commencement of Probate Proceedings § 30.111 How does OHA commence a probate case?...

  2. Contaminant transport from Elliott and Commencement Bays. Technical memo

    SciTech Connect

    Curl, H.C.; Baker, E.T.; Bates, T.S.; Cannon, G.A.; Feely, R.A.

    1988-04-01

    Contaminant transport from Elliott and Commencement Bays to the main basin of the Puget Sound was investigated by the Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory during the spring and summer of 1985 and January of 1986. Distributions of water properties (salinity, suspended particulate matter, and toxic trace metals and organics) were mapped during periods of high river runoff and during combined sewer outflow after heavy rainfall. Results indicate that: (1) dissolved contaminants remain in the very thin, fresh-water plume and are transported through the bays into the main basin quite rapidly; (2) PCB and DDT isomers were undetectable in either bay; and (3) there was no evidence that resuspension and transport of contaminated bottom sediments was taking place in Elliot Bay. These results must be qualified due to the short periods during which measurements were taken.

  3. Historically largest geomagnetic sudden commencement (SC) since 1868

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Araki, Tohru

    2014-12-01

    Being stimulated by the previously reported large amplitude (202 nT at Kakioka) geomagnetic sudden commencement (SC) on 24 March 1991, we searched larger amplitude SCs in the past. We tried to collect old magnetograms and used the list of SC observed at Kakioka (27.5° gm.lat.) for the period 1924 to 2013 and Colaba (10.5°)-Alibag (10.3°) for 1868 to 1967. We found that the largest amplitude SC occurred on 24 March (the same day as 1991 SC), 1940. The H-component amplitude is larger than 273 nT at Kakioka and 310 nT at Alibag. We could also obtain the copy of the magnetogram of Cape Town (-33.3°) which shows 164 nT amplitude. The statistical analysis shows that the occurrence rate of SCs is less than 5% for amplitude larger than 50 nT and less than 1% for amplitude larger than 100 nT at both Kakioka and Alibag. Large amplitude SCs tend to occur during the declining phase of the solar activity. Finally, we discussed the possible increase of the dynamic pressure associated with the interplanetary shock causing the largest SC.

  4. Automatic detection of sudden commencements using neural networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Segarra, A.; Curto, J. J.

    2013-07-01

    The aim of this work is to develop an automatic system to detect sudden commencements (SCs). SCs are produced by a sudden increase of solar wind dynamic pressure and are detected simultaneously everywhere on the ground (Araki, 1994). Since 1975, Ebro Observatory is responsible to elaborate the list of SC, following the morphological rules given by Mayaud (1973). Nowadays, this task is still done manually and presents some difficulties; the most worrying one is the decreasing number of observatories who collaborate with this task because most of them opted for the installation of unattended observatories. Hence, the necessity of an alternative method to continue the service becomes a urgency. The automatic method presented in this work is based on neural network analysis. To succeed with neural networks, we did a previous work of characterization and parameterization of SCs by statistical analysis. In this way, we focused on the determination of the appropriate parameters to be used as the inputs of the network which resulted to be: slope, change of magnetic activity and difference of the levels before and after the jump. We worked with X component and also with Y component. An important criteria introduced in this work is the necessary coherence of the results obtained with this new automatic method with those obtained with the manual method and reported in the old list of SC. Finally, the neural network is able to recognize the SC pattern successfully, but now this is achieved in a non-manned way. A robust quasi-real-time detection can be undertaken in the future.

  5. Saying Good-Bye: An Anthropological Examination of a Commencement Ritual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Magolda, Peter Mark

    2003-01-01

    This paper examines college commencement, a formal campus exiting ritual orchestrated for students as they conclude their academic careers. The manuscript is focused on a single commencement ritual that illuminates the power of rituals to transmit cultural norms and provides an anthropological perspective that benefits scholars, practitioners, and…

  6. 48 CFR 52.216-23 - Execution and Commencement of Work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... of Work. 52.216-23 Section 52.216-23 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION... Clauses 52.216-23 Execution and Commencement of Work. As prescribed in 16.603-4(b)(1), insert the... be omitted from letter contracts awarded on SF 26: Execution and Commencement of Work (APR 1984)...

  7. 8 CFR 241.20 - Proceedings commenced prior to April 1, 1997.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Proceedings commenced prior to April 1, 1997. 241.20 Section 241.20 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS APPREHENSION AND DETENTION OF ALIENS ORDERED REMOVED Deportation of Excluded Aliens (for Hearings Commenced Prior to April 1, 1997) §...

  8. 26 CFR 1.401(a)-14 - Commencement of benefits under qualified trusts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... permit a participant to elect that the payment to him of any benefit under a plan will commence at a date... describes the benefit and the date on which the payment of such benefit shall commence. (3) Restriction. An election may not be made pursuant to a plan provision permitted by this paragraph if the exercise of...

  9. 43 CFR 2916.1-1 - Commencement of operations; stocking lands.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Commencement of operations; stocking lands. 2916.1-1 Section 2916.1-1 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued... Farm § 2916.1-1 Commencement of operations; stocking lands. The lessee shall, within one year from...

  10. 43 CFR 2916.1-1 - Commencement of operations; stocking lands.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Commencement of operations; stocking lands. 2916.1-1 Section 2916.1-1 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued... Farm § 2916.1-1 Commencement of operations; stocking lands. The lessee shall, within one year from...

  11. 43 CFR 2916.1-1 - Commencement of operations; stocking lands.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Commencement of operations; stocking lands. 2916.1-1 Section 2916.1-1 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued... Farm § 2916.1-1 Commencement of operations; stocking lands. The lessee shall, within one year from...

  12. 12 CFR 1102.32 - Notice of Intention to Commence a Proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Notice of Intention to Commence a Proceeding. 1102.32 Section 1102.32 Banks and Banking FEDERAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS EXAMINATION COUNCIL APPRAISER REGULATION Rules of Practice for Proceedings § 1102.32 Notice of Intention to Commence a Proceeding. The ASC shall instruct the Secretary or...

  13. 48 CFR 52.211-10 - Commencement, Prosecution, and Completion of Work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., and Completion of Work. 52.211-10 Section 52.211-10 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... Provisions and Clauses 52.211-10 Commencement, Prosecution, and Completion of Work. As prescribed in 11.404(b... contracts for construction. Commencement, Prosecution, and Completion of Work (APR 1984) The...

  14. 40 CFR 725.190 - Notice of commencement of manufacture or import.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... completed using e-PMN reporting software. See 40 CFR 720.40(a)(2)(iv) for information on how to obtain e-PMN... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Notice of commencement of manufacture... Microbial Commercial Activities Notification Requirements § 725.190 Notice of commencement of manufacture...

  15. 40 CFR 725.190 - Notice of commencement of manufacture or import.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ..., completed, and submitted to EPA (via CDX) using e-PMN software. See 40 CFR 720.40(a)(2)(ii) for information... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Notice of commencement of manufacture... Microbial Commercial Activities Notification Requirements § 725.190 Notice of commencement of manufacture...

  16. 40 CFR 725.190 - Notice of commencement of manufacture or import.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... completed using e-PMN reporting software. See 40 CFR 720.40(a)(2)(iv) for information on how to obtain e-PMN... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Notice of commencement of manufacture... Microbial Commercial Activities Notification Requirements § 725.190 Notice of commencement of manufacture...

  17. 40 CFR 725.190 - Notice of commencement of manufacture or import.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... completed using e-PMN reporting software. See 40 CFR 720.40(a)(2)(iv) for information on how to obtain e-PMN... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Notice of commencement of manufacture... Microbial Commercial Activities Notification Requirements § 725.190 Notice of commencement of manufacture...

  18. Largest geomagnetic sudden commencement (SC) and interplanetary shock

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Araki, Tohru

    2015-04-01

    The long term variation of amplitude of geomagnetic sudden commencements (SCs) is examined by checking old magnetograms at Kakioka (27.5 deg. geomagnetic latitude) and Alibag (10.3 deg.) and SC lists prepared by both stations. We found that the SC occurred on March 24, 1940 was largest since 1868. The amplitude is 310 nT at Alibag and larger than 273 nT at Kakioka. The magnetogram of Cape Town (-33.3 deg) was also available for this event which shows 164 nT amplitude. This SC occurred during the main phase of a large magnetic storm which has been interested as one of space weather events. The statistical analysis shows that the occurrence probability is less than 5 % for SCs with amplitude larger than 50 nT and less than 1 % for SCs larger than 100 nT at both Kakioka and Alibag. Large amplitude SCs tend to occur in the declining phase of the sun spot cycle as is reported for magnetic storms. Siscoe et al. (1968) firstly proposed the relationship for the solar wind dynamic pressure P and SC amplitude, dH as dH = C*d(P^0.5) where d(P^0.5) shows a jump of the square root of P associated with interplanetary shocks. If we take the proportionality constant C as 15 nT/(nPa)^0.5 and the 300 nT SC amplitude (dH) needs pressure jump from 2 nPa (assumed dynamic pressure in front of the shock) to 460 nPa. If the non-linear effect for magnetospheric compression is taken into account, a larger dynamic pressure will be needed for this large amplitude SC. On the other hand, the proportionality constant, C, might become larger for larger amplitude SC because C includes effects of electric currents induced in the earth. Larger amplitude SCs have larger time variation rate by which C becomes larger and the required dynamic pressure increase becomes smaller. We do not know which of the two competing processes is dominant but we consider that the linear estimation of the required dynamic pressure described above may be valid as the first order approximation.

  19. Stress and burden of care in families with children commencing renal replacement therapy.

    PubMed

    Watson, A R

    1997-01-01

    A collaborative project was initiated in two pediatric centers to examine the long-term demands and outcomes in families with children commencing renal replacement therapy. Parents returned questionnaires on stress, anxiety, depression, information needs, and intrusion factors pre, at 3 months, 6 months, and annually. A burden of care assessment (BCA) for families was devised using a scoring system based on the domains of patient, sibling, parents, environment, demands of therapy, and dialysis/transplant factors. Team members also documented medical events and family contacts. In 2 years, 38 patients (26 male) were enrolled with an age range 0.2-18.5 years. Mean stress, anxiety, and depression scores were higher in mothers than fathers, and scores were higher in parents of patients > 10 years compared to the patient group < 10 years. In families with a high initial BCA score there was a positive correlation with maternal stress and anxiety scores. Patients from families with a low BCA score had better growth performance. Older children requiring renal replacement therapy may produce more stress and intrusion for parents than younger children. Burden of care assessments may be a useful means of predicting families who require greater support from the multidisciplinary team. PMID:9360703

  20. 30 CFR 285.637 - When may I commence commercial operations on my commercial lease?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... INTERIOR OFFSHORE RENEWABLE ENERGY ALTERNATE USES OF EXISTING FACILITIES ON THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF... require a FERC license (i.e., wind), then you may commence commercial operations 30 days after the CVA...

  1. Geomagnetic sudden impulses and storm sudden commencements - A note on terminology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Joselyn, J. A.; Tsurutani, B. T.

    1990-01-01

    The definitions of and distinctions between storm sudden commencements (SSCs) and geomagnetic sudden impulses (SIs) are examined and present definitions of SIs and SSCs are modernized. Quantitative definitions of the two terms are recommended.

  2. 10 CFR 710.25 - Appointment of Administrative Judge; prehearing conference; commencement of hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... computerized or other automated systems in possession of the subpoenaed person. (e) The Administrative Judge... conference will usually be conducted by telephone. (g) Hearings shall commence within 90 calendar days...

  3. 10 CFR 710.25 - Appointment of Hearing Officer; prehearing conference; commencement of hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... or other automated systems in possession of the subpoenaed person. (e) The Hearing Officer will... conference will usually be conducted by telephone. (g) Hearings shall commence within 90 calendar days...

  4. Date: Aug 6, 1996 Photographer: Maria Garcia 1996 'STELLAR' program commencement activities. Special

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2001-01-01

    Date: Aug 6, 1996 Photographer: Maria Garcia 1996 'STELLAR' program commencement activities. Special guest Astronaut Buzz Aldrin drops by to tour and chat. Aldrin was attending his book signing at US Space Camp earlier in the day.

  5. Geomagnetic sudden impulses and storm sudden commencements - A note on terminology

    SciTech Connect

    Joselyn, J.A.; Tsurutani, B.T. JPL, Pasadena, CA )

    1990-11-01

    The definitions of and distinctions between storm sudden commencements (SSCs) and geomagnetic sudden impulses (SIs) are examined and present definitions of SIs and SSCs are modernized. Quantitative definitions of the two terms are recommended. 45 refs.

  6. 1996 'STELLAR' and MCP program commencements with special guests Mrs. Gayle Wilson, CA Governor Pete

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    1996 'STELLAR' and MCP program commencements with special guests Mrs. Gayle Wilson, CA Governor Pete Wilson's wife (center), Zoe Lofgren, 16th District Congresswoman San Jose, California (right) and Ames scientist Dr Rose Grymes (left)

  7. Commencement Address.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burch, Dean

    Trinity University and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) share many of the same ground rules; tolerance for diversity, willingness to change, and a guaranteed opportunity for competition in the marketplace of goods, services, and ideas. But a Presidential commission hanging on an office wall is not a hunting license to shape the…

  8. 17 CFR 240.14e-8 - Prohibited conduct in connection with pre-commencement communications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Prohibited conduct in connection with pre-commencement communications. 240.14e-8 Section 240.14e-8 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION (CONTINUED) GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS, SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 Rules and Regulations Under...

  9. 15 CFR 400.32 - Procedures for docketing applications and commencement of case review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Procedures for docketing applications and commencement of case review. 400.32 Section 400.32 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) FOREIGN-TRADE ZONES BOARD, DEPARTMENT OF...

  10. 15 CFR 400.41 - General operation of zones; requirements for commencement of operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false General operation of zones; requirements for commencement of operations. 400.41 Section 400.41 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) FOREIGN-TRADE ZONES BOARD, DEPARTMENT OF...

  11. 15 CFR 400.41 - General operation of zones; requirements for commencement of operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false General operation of zones; requirements for commencement of operations. 400.41 Section 400.41 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) FOREIGN-TRADE ZONES BOARD, DEPARTMENT OF...

  12. 15 CFR 400.32 - Procedures for docketing applications and commencement of case review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Procedures for docketing applications and commencement of case review. 400.32 Section 400.32 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) FOREIGN-TRADE ZONES BOARD, DEPARTMENT OF...

  13. Commencement Address by Drew S. Days III, before the Temple University School of Law, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Civil Rights Div.

    In this commencement address given by the Assistant Attorney General, Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice, a brief review of the Younger vs. Harris case is given. In this case, the Supreme Court ruled that federal courts could not issue injunctions against state criminal proceedings on the ground that such prosecutions would result…

  14. 1996 'STELLAR' and MCP summer programs commencement. Apollo Astronaut Buzz Aldren drops by after

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    1996 'STELLAR' and MCP summer programs commencement. Apollo Astronaut Buzz Aldren drops by after attending his book signing at US Space Camp eariler in the day is shown here with Gayle Wilson (governor's wife) and Ken Munechika (R) and Dr. Rose Grymes (center)

  15. 47 CFR 25.133 - Period of construction; certification of commencement of operation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Period of construction; certification of commencement of operation. 25.133 Section 25.133 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS Applications and Licenses Earth Stations § 25.133...

  16. 30 CFR 585.637 - When may I commence commercial operations on my commercial lease?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... commercial lease? 585.637 Section 585.637 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ALTERNATE USES OF EXISTING FACILITIES ON THE OUTER...: (a) Do not require a FERC license (i.e., wind), then you may commence commercial operations 30...

  17. 30 CFR 585.637 - When may I commence commercial operations on my commercial lease?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... commercial lease? 585.637 Section 585.637 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ALTERNATE USES OF EXISTING FACILITIES ON THE OUTER...: (a) Do not require a FERC license (i.e., wind), then you may commence commercial operations 30...

  18. 30 CFR 585.637 - When may I commence commercial operations on my commercial lease?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... commercial lease? 585.637 Section 585.637 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ALTERNATE USES OF EXISTING FACILITIES ON THE OUTER...: (a) Do not require a FERC license (i.e., wind), then you may commence commercial operations 30...

  19. 17 CFR 240.14d-2 - Commencement of a tender offer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., sent or given the means to tender to security holders. For purposes of this section, the means to... commencement of a tender offer if: (1) It does not include the means for security holders to tender their... clear, plain language advising security holders to read the tender offer statement when it is...

  20. 17 CFR 240.14d-2 - Commencement of a tender offer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ..., sent or given the means to tender to security holders. For purposes of this section, the means to... commencement of a tender offer if: (1) It does not include the means for security holders to tender their... clear, plain language advising security holders to read the tender offer statement when it is...

  1. 19 CFR 356.3 - Notice of intent to commence judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Notice of intent to commence judicial review. 356.3 Section 356.3 Customs Duties INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROCEDURES AND RULES FOR IMPLEMENTING ARTICLE 1904 OF THE NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT Procedures...

  2. 46 CFR 281.3 - Method of commencing and terminating voyages and of determining idle status.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Method of commencing and terminating voyages and of determining idle status. 281.3 Section 281.3 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING SUBSIDIZED VESSELS AND OPERATORS INFORMATION AND PROCEDURE REQUIRED UNDER...

  3. 46 CFR 281.3 - Method of commencing and terminating voyages and of determining idle status.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Method of commencing and terminating voyages and of determining idle status. 281.3 Section 281.3 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING SUBSIDIZED VESSELS AND OPERATORS INFORMATION AND PROCEDURE REQUIRED UNDER...

  4. 77 FR 67363 - Notice of Suspension and Commencement of Proposed Debarment Proceedings; Schools and Libraries...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-09

    ...The Enforcement Bureau (the ``Bureau'') gives notice of Ms. Denisa Babcock's suspension from the schools and libraries universal service support mechanism (or ``E-Rate Program''). Additionally, the Bureau gives notice that debarment proceedings are commencing against her. Ms. Babcock, or any person who has an existing contract with or intends to contract with her to provide or receive services......

  5. 77 FR 31011 - Notice of Suspension and Commencement of Proposed Debarment Proceedings; Schools and Libraries...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-24

    ...The Enforcement Bureau (the ``Bureau'') gives notice of Mr. Jonathan M. Slaughter's suspension from the schools and libraries universal service support mechanism (or ``E-Rate Program''). Additionally, the Bureau gives notice that debarment proceedings are commencing against him. Mr. Slaughter, or any person who has an existing contract with or intends to contract with him to provide or receive......

  6. 76 FR 53127 - Notice of Suspension and Commencement of Proposed Debarment Proceedings; Schools and Libraries...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-25

    ...The Enforcement Bureau (the ``Bureau'') gives notice of Mr. Barrett C. White's suspension from the schools and libraries universal service support mechanism (or ``E-Rate Program''). Additionally, the Bureau gives notice that debarment proceedings are commencing against him. Mr. White, or any person who has an existing contract with or intends to contract with him to provide or receive services......

  7. 32 CFR 516.16 - Individual and supervisory procedures upon commencement of legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2011-07-01 2009-07-01 true Individual and supervisory procedures upon commencement of legal proceedings. 516.16 Section 516.16 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS LITIGATION Reporting Legal...

  8. 16 CFR 1.9 - Petitions to commence trade regulation rule proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Petitions to commence trade regulation rule proceedings. 1.9 Section 1.9 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION ORGANIZATION, PROCEDURES AND RULES OF PRACTICE GENERAL PROCEDURES Rules and Rulemaking Under Section 18(a)(1)(B) of the FTC Act §...

  9. Good Practice for Enhancing the Engagement and Success of Commencing Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Karen J.; Quinn, Carole; Marrington, Andrew; Clarke, John A.

    2012-01-01

    There is widespread recognition that higher education institutions (HEIs) must actively support commencing students to ensure equity in access to the opportunities afforded by higher education. This role is particularly critical for students who because of educational, cultural or financial disadvantage or because they are members of social groups…

  10. 40 CFR 60.2190 - What must I submit prior to commencing construction?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incineration Units for Which Construction Is Commenced After November... construction. (c) All documentation produced as a result of the siting requirements of § 60.2050. (d) The waste... construction? 60.2190 Section 60.2190 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED)...

  11. 40 CFR 60.2190 - What must I submit prior to commencing construction?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incineration Units for Which Construction Is Commenced After November... construction. (c) All documentation produced as a result of the siting requirements of § 60.2050. (d) The waste... construction? 60.2190 Section 60.2190 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED)...

  12. 75 FR 33692 - Safety Zone; Tacoma Freedom Fair Air Show, Commencement Bay, Tacoma, WA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-15

    ...-148 to read as follows: Sec. 165.T13-148: Safety Zone; Tacoma Freedom Fair Air Show, Commencement Bay... of the Port or Designated Representative by contacting either the on-scene patrol craft on VHF Ch 13 or Ch 16 or the Coast Guard Sector Seattle Joint Harbor Operations Center (JHOC) via telephone at...

  13. Testing Program Reveals Deficient Mathematics for Health Science Students Commencing University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNaught, Keith; Hoyne, Gerard

    2013-01-01

    In response to staff concerns about literacy and numeracy standards of commencing students, the School of Health Sciences at the University of Notre Dame Australia (UNDA) Fremantle campus worked with academic support staff from the University's Academic Enabling and Support Centre (AESC) to develop a Post Entrance Numeracy Assessment (PENA).…

  14. 26 CFR 301.9100-14T - Individual's election to terminate taxable year when case commences.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Individual's election to terminate taxable year when case commences. 301.9100-14T Section 301.9100-14T Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION General Rules Application of Internal Revenue Laws...

  15. 10 CFR 710.25 - Appointment of Hearing Officer; prehearing conference; commencement of hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Appointment of Hearing Officer; prehearing conference; commencement of hearings. 710.25 Section 710.25 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CRITERIA AND PROCEDURES FOR DETERMINING ELIGIBILITY FOR ACCESS TO CLASSIFIED MATTER OR SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIAL General Criteria and Procedures for Determining Eligibility...

  16. 47 CFR 25.133 - Period of construction; certification of commencement of operation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS Applications and Licenses Earth Stations § 25.133 Period of construction; certification of commencement of operation. (a)(1) Each license for an earth station governed by this part, except for mobile satellite earth station terminals (METs), shall specify as...

  17. 47 CFR 25.133 - Period of construction; certification of commencement of operation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS Applications and Licenses Earth Stations § 25.133 Period of construction; certification of commencement of operation. (a)(1) Each license for an earth station governed by this part, except for mobile satellite earth station terminals (METs), shall specify as...

  18. 28 CFR 811.5 - Commencement of the obligation to register.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA SEX OFFENDER REGISTRATION § 811.5 Commencement of the obligation to register. (a) A sex offender's obligation to register starts when the sex offender is found guilty or not.... However, CSOSA may suspend registration requirements during any period of time in which a sex offender...

  19. 28 CFR 811.5 - Commencement of the obligation to register.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA SEX OFFENDER REGISTRATION § 811.5 Commencement of the obligation to register. (a) A sex offender's obligation to register starts when the sex offender is found guilty or not.... However, CSOSA may suspend registration requirements during any period of time in which a sex offender...

  20. 16 CFR 1.83 - Whether to commence the process for an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... assessment” CEQ Regulation (40 CFR 1508.9) for purposes of providing sufficient evidence and analysis for... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Whether to commence the process for an environmental impact statement. 1.83 Section 1.83 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION...

  1. 16 CFR 1.83 - Whether to commence the process for an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... assessment” CEQ Regulation (40 CFR 1508.9) for purposes of providing sufficient evidence and analysis for... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Whether to commence the process for an environmental impact statement. 1.83 Section 1.83 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION...

  2. 32 CFR 516.16 - Individual and supervisory procedures upon commencement of legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Individual and supervisory procedures upon commencement of legal proceedings. 516.16 Section 516.16 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS LITIGATION Reporting Legal...

  3. 28 CFR 811.5 - Commencement of the obligation to register.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA SEX OFFENDER REGISTRATION § 811.5 Commencement of the obligation to register. (a) A sex offender's obligation to register starts when the sex offender is found guilty or not.... However, CSOSA may suspend registration requirements during any period of time in which a sex offender...

  4. 28 CFR 811.5 - Commencement of the obligation to register.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA SEX OFFENDER REGISTRATION § 811.5 Commencement of the obligation to register. (a) A sex offender's obligation to register starts when the sex offender is found guilty or not.... However, CSOSA may suspend registration requirements during any period of time in which a sex offender...

  5. 28 CFR 811.5 - Commencement of the obligation to register.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA SEX OFFENDER REGISTRATION § 811.5 Commencement of the obligation to register. (a) A sex offender's obligation to register starts when the sex offender is found guilty or not.... However, CSOSA may suspend registration requirements during any period of time in which a sex offender...

  6. Peculiarities of sudden commencement manifestation in VLF-emission generation and cosmic noise absorption

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moiseyev, Alexey; Solovyev, Stepan; Boroev, Roman; Mullayarov, Viktor; Samsonov, Sergey; Du, Aimin

    The variation of the VLF emission and energetic particles precipitation (cosmic noise absorp-tion) parameters during the periods of magnetic storm sudden commencement (SC) are con-sidered. It was selected 13 events during the period 2003-2008. Among the selected events, the majority -the joint events, manifested both in riometric absorption and in the VLF emission generation, the events accompanied by only the VLF emission generation, the events manifested only in riometric absorption and also the events without the VLF emission and riometric ab-sorption. The VLF emission measurements carried out at Yakutsk station (L=3), and riometric absorption measurement conducted at the Yakut meridional chain of stations (MLat=190 deg). For the selected events were estimated azimuthal components of the solar wind electric fields (Esw) and induction electric fields (Ei), change of the field in the magnetosphere (∆Bz), re-flecting the degree of the magnetosphere compression at L shell of Yakutsk, Kp index for the 6-hour interval prior to the SC. Analysis of variations of the parameters listed above, allowed us to note the following features of the considered events: • The SCs which were registered in the noon sector MLT, preceded by intervals with higher values of the Kp index (Kp=3-6) in comparison with the SCs in the other MLT sectors (Kp=1-4). • The SC which were registered in the noon MLT sector accompanied by Esw of eastward direction (Esw <0), the SC in the other MLT sectors accompanied by westward Esw (Esw >0). • The SC which were not accompanied by the VLF emission and riometric absorption registered at small values of ∆Bz = 6-8 nT and Ei = 0.7-0.9 mV/m. The direction of Esw (to the east) in such events is opposite to Ei direction, which were directed to the west. This work was supported by the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences (program 16, part 3), by the RFBR grant No.09-05-98546 and also supported by the SB RAS project No.69.

  7. Pc 1 Emissions in the afternoon sector prior to the July 29, 1977 sudden commencement

    SciTech Connect

    Olsen, J.V.

    1982-08-01

    A series of three structured Pc 1 events were observed prior to the July 29, 1977, sudden commencement by magnetometer stations at College, Alaska, MacQuarie Island, Australia, and Vostok, Antarctica. Signal characteristics of the events lead us to infer that the near-conjugate College and MacQuarie Island stations were near the source field lines for the second of these events. From the growth rates for ion cyclotron waves calculated from linearized equations for an anisotropic, drifting plasma we have inferred the presence of freshly injected plasma in the afternoon magnetosphere after 2330 UT at L = 5.4. This is consistent with the increased convection to be expected with the observed southward turning of the interplanetary magnetic field prior to the sudden commencement.

  8. Factors affecting commencement and cessation of smoking behaviour in Malaysian adults

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Tobacco consumption peak in developed countries has passed, however, it is on the increase in many developing countries. Apart from cigarettes, consumption of local hand-rolled cigarettes such as bidi and rokok daun are prevalent in specific communities. Although factors associated with smoking initiation and cessation has been investigated elsewhere, the only available data for Malaysia is on prevalence. This study aims to investigate factors associated with smoking initiation and cessation which is imperative in designing intervention programs. Methods Data were collected from 11,697 adults by trained recording clerks on sociodemographic characteristics, practice of other risk habit and details of smoking such as type, duration and frequency. Smoking commencement and cessation were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier estimates and log-rank tests. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to calculate the hazard rate ratios. Results Males had a much higher prevalence of the habit (61.7%) as compared to females (5.8%). Cessation was found to be most common among the Chinese and those regularly consuming alcoholic beverages. Kaplan-Meier plot shows that although males are more likely to start smoking, females are found to be less likely to stop. History of betel quid chewing and alcohol consumption significantly increase the likelihood of commencement (p < 0.0001), while cessation was least likely among Indians, current quid chewers and kretek users (p < 0.01). Conclusions Gender, ethnicity, history of quid chewing and alcohol consumption have been found to be important factors in smoking commencement; while ethnicity, betel quid chewing and type of tobacco smoked influences cessation. PMID:22429627

  9. Longitudinal variation of sudden commencement of geomagnetic storm at equatorial stations

    SciTech Connect

    Rastogi, R.G.

    1993-09-01

    The author reports the observation of a correlation between the strength of storm sudden commencements in the equatorial electrojet region with the equatorial electrojet current itself, as a function of daytime, latitude, and longitude. The author argues that electric fields generated at the magnetopause by interaction with solar wind plasma transmits to the polar region along field lines, and there converts to magnetic waves which rapidly propogate to equatorial regions in the conducting plasma between the ionosphere and the earth. The strength of the arrival fields is dependent upon the ionospheric conductivity at the particular location in question.

  10. Coherent radar observations of a storm sudden commencement having a preliminary reverse impulse

    SciTech Connect

    McDiarmid, D.R.; Nielsen, E. )

    1987-01-01

    Observations of the February 4, 1983, storm sudden commencement (ssc) by the STARE and SABRE radar systems are presented. The observing stations were in the dusk sector, where the ssc was accompanied by a preliminary reverse impulse (PRI). The radar data show the PRI to be a consequence of the ssc compression wave producing an initial antisunward flow. The polarization of the ssc electric field in the ionosphere is seen to have both longitudinal and latitudinal structure. The observations are discussed in terms of the propagation of the ssc disturbance throughout the magnetosphere.

  11. Role of sudden commencements in triggering magnetospheric substorms. M.S. Thesis; [based on ATS 1 data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Newell, R. E.

    1974-01-01

    Sudden commencement events are examined in terms of available auroral-zone and low-latitude magnetic field, data, interplanetary plasma and magnetic field data, and magnetospheric electron flux and magnetic field data from the geostationary satellite ATS 1.

  12. Western grebe, Aechmophorus occidentalis, wintering biology and contaminant accumulation in Commencement Bay, Puget Sound, Washington

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Henny, C.J.; Blus, L.J.; Grove, R.A.

    1990-01-01

    Western Grebes wintering at the head of Commencement Bay (bordering the waterways) accumulated significant amounts of mercury, arsenic, DDE, PCBs, chlordanes, and perhaps cadmium and HCB between 17 October 1985 and 6 February 1986. No change in selenium or lead was detected, but copper declined significantly. Western Grebes were likely to accumulate even higher levels of certain contaminants because they remained in Commencement Bay for an additional 3 months after the final collection. Remige moult and bursa length were used to separate five individuals believed to represent one age class, from the remainder of the October collection. These birds, perhaps nonbreeders spending one continuous year in Puget Sound, contained the 5 highest PCB, 5 of the 8 highest DDE, and 2 of the 3 highest mercury concentrations. No evidence was found in the literature to suggest the contaminant concentrations we reported would adversely impact the Western Grebe population. As expected, lipid content of carcasses increased significantly from October (15.5%) to February (28.8%).

  13. Factors influencing overweight children's commencement of and continuation in a resistance training program

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background In light of the child overweight and obesity problem in Australia, resistance training programs have been trialled as an innovative way of assisting children increase lean body mass and reduce body fat. The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors influencing overweight children's participation in a resistance training trial program. Method Parent-child pairs who participated in the trial program were invited to take part in a follow-up individual interview to discuss their program experiences. In total, 22 semi-structured interviews were conducted with 11 parent-child pairs. Results The factors found to be most relevant to program commencement among parents were a desire for their child to lose weight and gain confidence, the proximity of the venue, and no cost for participation. For children, the most relevant factors were the opportunity to build strength and improve fitness and having supportive parents who facilitated program initiation. The factors most relevant to continuation for parents were the quality of the program management, being able to stay for the sessions, the child's improved weight status, coordination, and confidence, and no cost for participation. Weight loss and improved confidence were also motivators for continuation among the children, along with pleasant social interaction with peers and trainers and ongoing parental support. Conclusion Different factors variably influence program commencement and program continuation in both parents and children. This has important implications for future interventions that aim to successfully recruit and retain intervention participants. PMID:21083936

  14. Progressive Brain Atrophy and Cortical Thinning in Schizophrenia after Commencing Clozapine Treatment.

    PubMed

    Ahmed, Mohamed; Cannon, Dara M; Scanlon, Cathy; Holleran, Laurena; Schmidt, Heike; McFarland, John; Langan, Camilla; McCarthy, Peter; Barker, Gareth J; Hallahan, Brian; McDonald, Colm

    2015-09-01

    Despite evidence that clozapine may be neuroprotective, there are few longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies that have specifically explored an association between commencement of clozapine treatment for schizophrenia and changes in regional brain volume or cortical thickness. A total of 33 patients with treatment-resistant schizophrenia and 31 healthy controls matched for age and gender underwent structural MRI brain scans at baseline and 6-9 months after commencing clozapine. MRI images were analyzed using SIENA (Structural Image Evaluation, using Normalization, of Atrophy) and FreeSurfer to investigate changes over time in brain volume and cortical thickness respectively. Significantly greater reductions in volume were detected in the right and left medial prefrontal cortex and in the periventricular area in the patient group regardless of treatment response. Widespread further cortical thinning was observed in patients compared with healthy controls. The majority of patients improved symptomatically and functionally over the study period, and patients who improved were more likely to have less cortical thinning of the left medial frontal cortex and the right middle temporal cortex. These findings demonstrate on-going reductions in brain volume and progressive cortical thinning in patients with schizophrenia who are switched to clozapine treatment. It is possible that this gray matter loss reflects a progressive disease process irrespective of medication use or that it is contributed to by switching to clozapine treatment. The clinical improvement of most patients indicates that antipsychotic-related gray matter volume loss may not necessarily be harmful or reflect neurotoxicity. PMID:25829144

  15. On the high correlation between storm sudden commencements and interplanetary shocks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, W.; Lee, J.; Oh, S.; Yi, Y.

    2014-12-01

    Storm Sudden Commencements (SSCs) occur due to sudden compression of magnetic field and current enhancement in the magnetopause, which is generally believed to be caused by interplanetary shock. However, neither all geomagnetic storms exhibit the SSC nor all SSCs are accompanied by interplanetary shocks. In this study, we search for geomagnetic storms without SSC using the SYM-H index data which is provided by the World Data Center for Geomagnetism Kyoto (WDC Geomag, Kyoto) during the period of 1998-2010. We also investigate the physical conditions such as density and velocity of protons, IMF Bz and total field strength provided by Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) satellite. Finally, we classify the geomagnetic storms into two groups depending on whether or not accompanied by SSC and then further classify them based on their association with interplanetary shocks. Physical characteristics of the storms in each group will briefly be discussed.

  16. A numerical simulation of the geomagnetic sudden commencement: 2. Plasma processes in the main impulse

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fujita, S.; Tanaka, T.; Kikuchi, T.; Fujimoto, K.; Itonaga, M.

    2003-12-01

    A geomagnetic sudden commencement (SC) is studied numerically based on a model of buffeting the magnetosphere by a solar wind density impulse. This paper treats two successive current systems in the main impulse (MI) phase. The two current systems have different current generating mechanisms. The first current generator appears behind the wavefront of a compressional disturbance launched by the impulse. The inertia current of the compressional mode is generated by free energy due to deceleration of plasma flows. A field-aligned current (FAC) is excited through mode conversion from the compressional wave in a VA gradient region. The magnetospheric flows and the ionospheric flows are not connected self-consistently to each other. The second generator is located in the tailward side of the cusp. It is the same as the generator of the region 1 current system. The current generated there is connected with the FAC with the region 1 sense via a diamagnetic current flowing around an isolated enhancement of pressure in the nightside equatorial magnetosphere. The pressure enhancement is induced through compression of the magnetospheric flank due to the solar wind impulse. In this period, plasma convection vortices appear both in the magnetosphere and in the ionosphere, which are correspondent to each other. This is a peculiar convection confined within the magnetosphere (the SC transient cell convection). This convection is driven though compression of the magnetospheric flank due to the solar wind impulse.

  17. Organized behavior of storm sudden commencements with universal time, season and solar cycle

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khachikjan, G.; Sofko, G.; Koustov, A.; Benkevitch, L.

    Storm Sudden Commencement (SSC) occurrence times were analyzed. For this purpose, a list of 1044 events over 33 years (March 14, 1968 to March 22, 2001) was selected (http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/). We show that SSC occur preferentially at ~1100 UT and near the equinoxes, which may be a conductivity effect because the conjugate nightside auroral zones are both in darkness. Several harmonics are responsible for the observed UT/seasonal distribution of the SSC occurrence. One harmonic is a diurnal one with quasi-stationary phase over the season. Others are diurnal and semidiurnal harmonics whose amplitudes and phases change with season as predicted by the Russell-McPherron mechanism for geomagnetic activity initiation by the southward component of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF). To study the SSC behavior, we evaluated the geographic longitude of the noon meridian at the UT time of each SSC event, and then studied the longitudinal progression of that meridian with time, for successive SSC events. A 22-year cycle in the position of the noon meridian is evident. We demonstrate that, during the odd 11-year solar cycles 21 and 23, the noon meridian moves eastward, whereas it moves westward during the even solar cycles 20 and 22. Other shorter cycles also emerge from spectral analysis of the noon meridian longitude variation with time, and from an analysis of the "toward" and "away" IMF data.

  18. Observations of ULF waves on the ground and ionospheric Doppler shifts during storm sudden commencement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ouyang, Xinyan; Liu, Wenlong; Xiao, Zuo; Hao, Yongqiang

    2016-04-01

    Using data from ground-based magnetometers and HF Doppler sounder, we study ultralow frequency (ULF) waves excited during the storm sudden commencement (SSC) on 8 March 2012 and find possible evidence on the link between ULF waves and ionospheric Doppler shifts. Pc1-Pc2 ULF waves are observed from 11:04 to 11:27 UT after the SSC by ground stations of L shell ranging from 1.06 to 2.31, mapping to the topside ionosphere. There are weak responses in this frequency range in the power spectra of ionospheric Doppler shift. From 11:19 to 11:23 UT, oscillations of magnetic field in a lower frequency range of Pc3-Pc4 are observed and are well correlated with the trace of Doppler shift. It is thus suggested that ionospheric Doppler shift can response to ULF oscillations in magnetic field in various frequency ranges, especially in the frequency range of Pc3-Pc4 and below. This paper demonstrates a new mechanism of magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling.

  19. 46 CFR 35.35-40 - Conditions under which transfer operations shall not be commenced or if started shall be...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Conditions under which transfer operations shall not be commenced or if started shall be discontinued-TB/ALL. 35.35-40 Section 35.35-40 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS OPERATIONS Cargo Handling § 35.35-40 Conditions under...

  20. 46 CFR 35.35-40 - Conditions under which transfer operations shall not be commenced or if started shall be...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Conditions under which transfer operations shall not be commenced or if started shall be discontinued-TB/ALL. 35.35-40 Section 35.35-40 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS OPERATIONS Cargo Handling § 35.35-40 Conditions under...

  1. 46 CFR 35.35-40 - Conditions under which transfer operations shall not be commenced or if started shall be...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Conditions under which transfer operations shall not be commenced or if started shall be discontinued-TB/ALL. 35.35-40 Section 35.35-40 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS OPERATIONS Cargo Handling § 35.35-40 Conditions under...

  2. 46 CFR 35.35-40 - Conditions under which transfer operations shall not be commenced or if started shall be...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Conditions under which transfer operations shall not be commenced or if started shall be discontinued-TB/ALL. 35.35-40 Section 35.35-40 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS OPERATIONS Cargo Handling § 35.35-40 Conditions under which transfer operations shall not be...

  3. 40 CFR 73.18 - Submittal procedures for units commencing commercial operation during the period from January 1...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 16 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Submittal procedures for units commencing commercial operation during the period from January 1, 1993, through December 31, 1995. 73.18 Section 73.18 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) SULFUR DIOXIDE ALLOWANCE SYSTEM...

  4. 25 CFR 226.18 - Information to be given surface owners prior to commencement of drilling operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Information to be given surface owners prior to commencement of drilling operations. 226.18 Section 226.18 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ENERGY AND MINERALS LEASING OF OSAGE RESERVATION LANDS FOR OIL AND GAS MINING Operations §...

  5. 25 CFR 226.18 - Information to be given surface owners prior to commencement of drilling operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Information to be given surface owners prior to commencement of drilling operations. 226.18 Section 226.18 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ENERGY AND MINERALS LEASING OF OSAGE RESERVATION LANDS FOR OIL AND GAS MINING Operations §...

  6. 25 CFR 226.18 - Information to be given surface owners prior to commencement of drilling operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Information to be given surface owners prior to commencement of drilling operations. 226.18 Section 226.18 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ENERGY AND MINERALS LEASING OF OSAGE RESERVATION LANDS FOR OIL AND GAS MINING Operations §...

  7. 25 CFR 226.18 - Information to be given surface owners prior to commencement of drilling operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Information to be given surface owners prior to commencement of drilling operations. 226.18 Section 226.18 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ENERGY AND MINERALS LEASING OF OSAGE RESERVATION LANDS FOR OIL AND GAS MINING Operations §...

  8. 25 CFR 226.18 - Information to be given surface owners prior to commencement of drilling operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Information to be given surface owners prior to commencement of drilling operations. 226.18 Section 226.18 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ENERGY AND MINERALS LEASING OF OSAGE RESERVATION LANDS FOR OIL AND GAS MINING Operations §...

  9. 9 CFR 332.6 - Commencement of a cooperative interstate shipment program; inspection by designated personnel and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Commencement of a cooperative... Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY... mark, stamp, tag, or label of inspection in the appropriate form prescribed in part 312 of...

  10. 9 CFR 332.6 - Commencement of a cooperative interstate shipment program; inspection by designated personnel and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Commencement of a cooperative... Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY... mark, stamp, tag, or label of inspection in the appropriate form prescribed in part 312 of...

  11. 9 CFR 381.516 - Commencement of a cooperative interstate shipment program; inspection by designated personnel and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Commencement of a cooperative... Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY... passed by designated State personnel must bear an official Federal mark, stamp, tag, or label...

  12. 9 CFR 381.516 - Commencement of a cooperative interstate shipment program; inspection by designated personnel and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Commencement of a cooperative... Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY... passed by designated State personnel must bear an official Federal mark, stamp, tag, or label...

  13. 9 CFR 381.516 - Commencement of a cooperative interstate shipment program; inspection by designated personnel and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Commencement of a cooperative... Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY... passed by designated State personnel must bear an official Federal mark, stamp, tag, or label...

  14. 9 CFR 332.6 - Commencement of a cooperative interstate shipment program; inspection by designated personnel and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Commencement of a cooperative... Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY... mark, stamp, tag, or label of inspection in the appropriate form prescribed in part 312 of...

  15. 46 CFR 35.35-40 - Conditions under which transfer operations shall not be commenced or if started shall be...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Conditions under which transfer operations shall not be commenced or if started shall be discontinued-TB/ALL. 35.35-40 Section 35.35-40 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS OPERATIONS Cargo Handling § 35.35-40 Conditions under...

  16. Ankylosing Spondylitis Patients Commencing Biologic Therapy Have High Baseline Levels of Comorbidity: A Report from the Australian Rheumatology Association Database

    PubMed Central

    Oldroyd, John; Schachna, Lionel; Buchbinder, Rachelle; Staples, Margaret; Murphy, Bridie; Bond, Molly; Briggs, Andrew; Lassere, Marissa; March, Lyn

    2009-01-01

    Aims. To compare the baseline characteristics of a population-based cohort of patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) commencing biological therapy to the reported characteristics of bDMARD randomised controlled trials (RCTs) participants. Methods. Descriptive analysis of AS participants in the Australian Rheumatology Association Database (ARAD) who were commencing bDMARD therapy. Results. Up to December 2008, 389 patients with AS were enrolled in ARAD. 354 (91.0%) had taken bDMARDs at some time, and 198 (55.9%) completed their entry questionnaire prior to or within 6 months of commencing bDMARDs. 131 (66.1%) had at least one comorbid condition, and 24 (6.8%) had a previous malignancy (15 nonmelanoma skin, 4 melanoma, 2 prostate, 1 breast, cervix, and bowel). Compared with RCT participants, ARAD participants were older, had longer disease duration and higher baseline disease activity. Conclusions. AS patients commencing bDMARDs in routine care are significantly different to RCT participants and have significant baseline comorbidities. PMID:20107564

  17. Effectiveness of a Short, Intense Bridging Course for Scaffolding Students Commencing University-Level Study of Chemistry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmid, Siegbert; Youl, David J.; George, Adrian V.; Read, Justin R.

    2012-01-01

    Bridging courses designed to support students commencing tertiary education are widespread, and some evidence for the value of semester-length courses has been reported; however, little attention has been paid to short-but-intense bridging courses, and empirical evidence of their effectiveness is particularly sparse. The current study followed the…

  18. Understanding the Early Transition Needs of Diverse Commencing University Students in a Health Faculty: Informing Effective Intervention Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Keithia L.; Murphy, Karen A.; Pearson, Andrew G.; Wallace, Barbara M.; Reher, Vanessa G. S.; Buys, Nicholas

    2016-01-01

    The engagement and retention of commencing students is a longstanding issue in higher education, particularly with the implementation of the widening student participation agenda. The early weeks of the first semester are especially critical to student engagement and early attrition. This study investigated the perceived early transition needs of…

  19. 10 CFR 501.63 - Notice of the commencement of an administrative proceeding on an exemption petition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... with NEPA may involve the preparation of (1) an environmental impact statement (EIS) evaluating the... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Notice of the commencement of an administrative proceeding on an exemption petition. 501.63 Section 501.63 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED)...

  20. 10 CFR 501.63 - Notice of the commencement of an administrative proceeding on an exemption petition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... with NEPA may involve the preparation of (1) an environmental impact statement (EIS) evaluating the... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Notice of the commencement of an administrative proceeding on an exemption petition. 501.63 Section 501.63 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED)...

  1. 10 CFR 501.63 - Notice of the commencement of an administrative proceeding on an exemption petition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... with NEPA may involve the preparation of (1) an environmental impact statement (EIS) evaluating the... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Notice of the commencement of an administrative proceeding on an exemption petition. 501.63 Section 501.63 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED)...

  2. 10 CFR 501.63 - Notice of the commencement of an administrative proceeding on an exemption petition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... with NEPA may involve the preparation of (1) an environmental impact statement (EIS) evaluating the... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Notice of the commencement of an administrative proceeding on an exemption petition. 501.63 Section 501.63 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED)...

  3. 47 CFR 27.1213 - Designated entity provisions for BRS in Commission auctions commencing prior to January 1, 2004.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., 2004 for BTA service areas are eligible for special incentives in the auction process. See 47 CFR 1... entity will have both de facto and de jure control of the entity. See 47 CFR 1.2110(i). (g) Records... authorizations awarded in the Commission BRS auctions commencing prior to January 1, 2004. (f)...

  4. Response of ionospheric electric fields at mid-low latitudes during geomagnetic sudden commencements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takahashi, N.; Kasaba, Y.; Shinbori, A.; Nishimura, Y.; Kikuchi, T.; Ebihara, Y.; Nagatsuma, T.

    2014-12-01

    Geomagnetic sudden commencements (SCs) are known as one of the distinct magnetospheric disturbance phenomena triggered by solar wind disturbances. Many previous studies have focused on the generation mechanism of SCs by using in-situ observations and simulations. However, the global evolution of ionospheric electric fields has primarily been estimated from the ionospheric current. Although a few studies utilized electric field data from radar observations, the coverage is limited in time, and limited component of the electric field is obtained. In this study, we investigated the response and local time dependence of the ionospheric electric field at mid-low latitudes associated with 203 SCs occurred from 1999 to 2004 by the in-situ observation of the ROCSAT-1 spacecraft. We found that the ionospheric electric field associated with SCs instantaneously responds to geomagnetic fields regardless of spacecraft local time. Our statistical analysis also showed the instantaneous response of the electric field, which indicates the global instant transmission of the electric field from polar region. In contrast, peak times in the preliminary impulse (PI) and main impulse (MI) phases were different between the ionospheric electric field and equatorial geomagnetic field (20 sec in the PI phase). Based on a comparison to the ground-ionosphere waveguide model by Kikuchi [2014], this time lag is suggested to be due to the latitudinal difference of the ionospheric conductivity. After constructing the local time distribution of the SC amplitude, we found that the dayside feature was seen at 18-22 h even the ionospheric conductivity is lower than that at dayside. We performed a magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulation for an ideal SC. The result of the simulation showed that the electric potential distribution is asymmetric with respect to the noon-midnight meridian, which is similar to our observational result. It appears to result from the divergence of the Hall current under the non

  5. Bifurcation phenomena in confined thermosolutal convection with lateral heating: Commencement of the double-diffusive region

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsitverblit, N.

    1995-04-01

    As has recently been reported by Tsitverblit and Kit [Phys. Fluids A 5, 1062 (1993)], a vertical rectangular enclosure containing stably stratified brine and differentially heated from its side walls is characterized by complex steady bifurcation phenomena. In the present work, the structure of steady solutions in the enclosure has been studied in detail for several values of the salinity Rayleigh number, RaS, fixed near the commencement of the double-diffusive region. It was found that when the thermal Rayleigh number, RaT, is either very small or sufficiently large, the steady solution is unique while in an intermediate region of this parameter, there exists a great variety of the multiple steady flows, being the result of nondegenerate hysteresis points and isolas of asymmetric solutions forming as RaS is increased. In particular, at the maximal value of RaS considered there have been observed symmetric and asymmetric one-, two-, three-, four-, and five-cell flows. Despite the multiplicity of the flow patterns, a critical interval of the buoyancy ratio has been distinguished, above and below which the generic characteristics of the steady solutions were found to resemble the respective features of the ``successive'' and ``simultaneous'' regimes of layer formation whose existence was established in previous studies. Although the set of the steady solutions has been found to contain no linearly stable multicell flows, the perturbation was so long retained in the close proximity of the unstable steady solutions that such flows could be easily observable in the experiment. In spite of the appreciably different range of the Rayleigh numbers, the physically meaningful parameters suggested in previous studies were found to be represented in the present results.

  6. Response of the incompressible ionosphere to the compression of the magnetosphere during the geomagnetic sudden commencements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kikuchi, T.; Hashimoto, K. K.; Tomizawa, I.; Ebihara, Y.; Nishimura, Y.; Araki, T.; Shinbori, A.; Veenadhari, B.; Tanaka, T.; Nagatsuma, T.

    2016-02-01

    The ionospheric plasma in midlatitude moves upward/downward during the geomagnetic sudden commencement causing the HF Doppler frequency changes; SCF (+ -) and (- +) on the dayside and nightside, respectively, except for the SCF (+ -) in the evening as found by Kikuchi et al. (1985). Although the preliminary and main frequency deviations (PFD, MFD) of the SCF have been attributed to the dusk-to-dawn and dawn-to-dusk potential electric fields, there still remain questions if the positive PFD can be caused by the compressional magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) wave and what causes the evening anomaly of the SCF. With the HF Doppler sounder, we show that the dayside ionosphere moves upward toward the Sun during the main impulse (MI) of the SC, when the compressional wave is supposed to push the ionosphere downward. The motion of the ionosphere is shown to be correlated with the equatorial electrojet, matching the potential electric field transmitted with the ionospheric currents from the polar ionosphere. We confirmed that the electric field of the compressional wave is severely suppressed by the conducting ionosphere and reproduced the SC electric fields using the global MHD simulation in which the potential solver is employed. The model calculations well reproduced the preliminary impulse and MI electric fields and their evening anomaly. It is suggested that the electric potential is transmitted from the polar ionosphere to the equator by the zeroth-order transverse magnetic (TM0) mode waves in the Earth-ionosphere waveguide. The near-instantaneous transmission of the electric potential leads to instantaneous global response of the incompressible ionosphere.

  7. Ground and satellite observations of postdawn aurorae near the time of a sudden storm commencement

    SciTech Connect

    Egeland, A.; Burke, W.; Maynard, N.C.; Basinska, E.M.; Winningham, J.D.; Deehr, C.S.

    1994-02-01

    Meridian scanning photometer measurements taken in the magnetic postdawn sector at Longyearbyen, Svalbard, between 0300 and 0630 UT on December 29, 1981, are analyzed in conjunction with particle and field data retrieved during two near passes of the Dynamics Explorer 2 (DE 2) satellite. The interval included a sudden storm commencement (SSC) at 0455 UT. Pre-SSC optical and particle measurements showed a system of arcs that are spaced at {approximately} 1.1{degrees} intervals in magnetic latitude, embedded within the region 1 current system and span the convection reversal. The softer particle precipitation appears to have a source near the flanks of the magnetotail while the harder, more equatorward precipitation originates closer to Earth. During the SSC period the entire sky brightened, with enhanced 630.0-nm emissions extending from the northern horizon to south of magnetic zenith; intense but spatially separated 557.7-nm emissions dominated the southern horizon. DE 2 detected more than an order of magnitude increase and near isotropization of ring current electron fluxes, enhanced precipitation from the plasma sheet and significantly decreased auroral zone convection. Region 1/region 2 currents remained, with wavelike structures superposed. A dual timescale response to the SSC is consistent with ground and satellite measurements. On few minute travel timescales for hydromagnetic waves to pass through the system, magnetospheric particles accelerate and precipitate to increase the ionospheric conductivity. Global, field-aligned currents change more slowly. To maintain similar field-aligned currents with higher ionospheric conductances requires reduced electric fields. After 0520 UT the optical emissions settled into stable, but latitudinally separated, bands of 630.0- and 557.7-nm emissions characteristic of cleft and plasma sheet precipitation, respectively. 55 refs., 10 figs.

  8. Ground and satellite observations of postdawn aurorae near the time of a sudden storm commencement

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Egeland, A.; Burke, W. J.; Maynard, N. C.; Basinska, E. M.; Winningham, J. D.; Deehr, C. S.

    1994-01-01

    Meridian scanning photometer measurements taken in the magnetic postdawn sector at Longyearbyen, Svalbard, between 0300 and 0630 UT on December 29, 1981, are analyzed in conjunction with particle and field data retrieved during two near passes of the Dynamics Explorer 2 (DE 2) satellite. The interval included a sudden storm commencement (SSC) at 0455 UT. Pre-SSC optical and particle measurements showed a system of arcs that are spaced at approximately 1.1 deg intervals in magnetic latitude, embedded within the region 1 current system and span the convection reversal. The softer particle precipitation appears to have a source near the flanks of the magnetotail while the harder, more equatorward precipitation originates closer to Earth. During the SSC period the entire sky brightened, with enhanced 630.0-nm emissions extending from the northern horizon to south of magnetic zenith; intense but spatially separated 557.7-nm emissions dominated the southern horizon. DE 2 detected more than an order of magnitude increase and near isotropization of ring current electron fluxes, enhanced precipitation from the plasma sheet and significantly decreases auroral zone convection. Region 1/region 2 currents remained, with wavelike structures superposed. A dual timescale response to the SSC is consistent with ground and satellite measurements. On few minute travel timescales for hydromagnetic waves to pass through the system, magnetospheric particles accelerate and precipitate to increase the ionospheric conductivity. Global, field-aligned currents change more slowly. To maintain similar field-aligned currents with higher ionospheric conductances requires reduced electric fields. After 0520 UT the optical emissions settled into stable, but latitudinally separated bands of 630.0- and 557.7-nm emissions characteristic of cleft and plasma sheet precipitation, respectively.

  9. Coronal Mass Ejection-driven Shocks and the Associated Sudden Commencements-sudden Impulses

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Veenadhari, B.; Selvakumaran, R.; Singh, Rajesh; Maurya, Ajeet K.; Gopalswamy, N.; Kumar, Sushil; Kikuchi, T.

    2012-01-01

    Interplanetary (IP) shocks are mainly responsible for the sudden compression of the magnetosphere, causing storm sudden commencement (SC) and sudden impulses (SIs) which are detected by ground-based magnetometers. On the basis of the list of 222 IP shocks compiled by Gopalswamy et al., we have investigated the dependence of SC/SIs amplitudes on the speed of the coronal mass ejections (CMEs) that drive the shocks near the Sun as well as in the interplanetary medium. We find that about 91% of the IP shocks were associated with SC/SIs. The average speed of the SC/SI-associated CMEs is 1015 km/s, which is almost a factor of 2 higher than the general CME speed. When the shocks were grouped according to their ability to produce type II radio burst in the interplanetary medium, we find that the radio-loud (RL) shocks produce a much larger SC/SI amplitude (average approx. 32 nT) compared to the radio-quiet (RQ) shocks (average approx. 19 nT). Clearly, RL shocks are more effective in producing SC/SIs than the RQ shocks. We also divided the IP shocks according to the type of IP counterpart of interplanetary CMEs (ICMEs): magnetic clouds (MCs) and nonmagnetic clouds. We find that the MC-associated shock speeds are better correlated with SC/SI amplitudes than those associated with non-MC ejecta. The SC/SI amplitudes are also higher for MCs than ejecta. Our results show that RL and RQ type of shocks are important parameters in producing the SC/SI amplitude.

  10. 40 CFR Table 5 to Subpart Cccc of... - Emission Limitations for Incinerators That Commenced Construction After June 4, 2010, or That...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Emission Limitations for Incinerators That Commenced Construction After June 4, 2010, or That Commenced Reconstruction or Modification After September 21, 2011 5 Table 5 to Subpart CCCC of Part 60 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS...

  11. The LISA Project at NASA

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stebbins, Robin T.

    2008-01-01

    Although officially in early Phase A, LISA is currently classified as "under-study" at NASA. It has a very high recommendation from the 2000 decadal survey. and has received strong endorsements at all reviews. Mission formulation and technology development continue at modest levels. The Project is starting preparations for the next decadal survey, expected to commence in 2009.

  12. Australia's First Public Private Partnership School Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, Peter

    2004-01-01

    The design and construction of nine schools has commenced in Australia using a Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) methodology. This is the first project in Australia where social infrastructure has been acquired in this way. The Australian project is being managed by the New South Wales (NSW) State Government through its Department of Education…

  13. Properties of daytime long-period pulsations during magnetospheric storm commencement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Klibanova, Yu. Yu.; Mishin, V. V.; Tsegmed, B.; Moiseev, A. V.

    2016-07-01

    Long-period geomagnetic pulsations during the SSC of July 14, 2012, are studied. The prenoon longitudinal sector (09:20-11:30) MLT, from the boundaries of which pulsations propagate azimuthally onto the dawn and dusk sides with an opposite polarization direction and increased amplitude, has been distinguished. The position of this sector relative to noon (a shift to the dawn side) depends on the front azimuthal inclination. It has been found that the polarization direction reverses in going from low (<30°) to middle/subauroral (≥50°) latitudes on the entire dayside. The geomagnetic pulsations mainly fluctuate near the f 1 = 2.9 and f 2 = 4.4 mHz frequencies. Fluctuations with frequency f 1, which coincide with the fluctuation frequency of the IMF x component, predominate at the polar cap latitudes (the open field line region) in the form of rapidly attenuating impulses and at low latitudes with a much smaller amplitude. Fluctuations with frequency f 2 are globally registered at all latitudes in the dayside sector below the magnetopause projection as a train of several fluctuations. It is assumed that fluctuations with frequency f 1 penetrate from the solar wind, and fluctuations with frequency f 2 are radial magnetopause oscillations.

  14. Commencement of Geoparks, Geology day and International Earth Science Olympiad, IYPE in Japan

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsukuda, Eikichi; Kodama, Kisaburo; Miyazaki, Teruki

    2010-05-01

    The GSJ is the main supporting organization of IYPE Japan, which is an implementation body of IYPE in Japan, serving as its secretariat. During the IYPE triennial activity, the GSJ has been supporting development of Geparks, establishment of "the Geology Day" and the Earth Science Olympiad activities with some academic societies, and has distributed geological maps with IYPE logo. The GSJ also established an outreach network "Geo-networks Tsukuba" as a local legacy of the IYPE, and has managed it with a local government, research organizations, nonprofit corporations and local media to increase geological and environmental literacy of public, especially among young people. The GSJ-AIST has also contributed internationally to IYPE by joining two international projects, OneGeology and the CCOP Book project. Geoparks in Japan are characterized by following features. The Japanese Islands and the surrounding seas are situated in the area of unique geologic features; the place where several tectonic plates meet and collide. This causes earthquakes and volcanic activities, and makes Japan one of most dynamic areas on the earth. The dynamics of the earth bring about not only geological hazards but also a lot of blessings. In August of 2009, three Geoparks, the Toya Caldera and Usu Volcano Geopark, the Itoigawa Geopark and the Unzen Volcanic Area Geopark, were accepted to join the Global Geopark Network from Japan for the first time. Since its launch in 2006, the GSJ has been playing a major role in promoting Geoparks in Japan together with Geological Society of Japan. The GSJ hosts the Japan Geopark Committee (JGC) for quality evaluation, serving as the information center of Geoparks in Japan. The Geology Day of Japan (10th of May) has been set up by the academic societies for geology in Japan and GSJ in 2007. The Geology Day is expected to provide the chances for the public to enjoy field trips and excursions and to understand the importance of geo-diversity. The Day

  15. A Proposal for an Individualized Pharmacogenetic-Guided Warfarin Dosage Regimen for Puerto Rican Patients Commencing Anticoagulation Therapy

    PubMed Central

    Bosch, Luis Ángel Bermúdez

    2014-01-01

    Warfarin is the current standard of care in oral anticoagulation therapy. It is commonly prescribed to treat venous thromboembolism, pulmonary embolism, acute myocardial infarction, and to decrease the risk of stroke in atrial fibrillation. Warfarin therapy is challenging because of marked and often unpredictable inter-individual dosing variations that effectively reach and maintain adequate anticoagulation. Several researchers have developed pharmacogenetic-guided maintenance dose algorithms that incorporate genetics and individual patient characteristics. However, there is limited information available concerning dosing during warfarin initiation. This is considered the most clinically challenging therapeutic phase. In such, the risk of recurrent thromboembolism and hemorrhage are elevated. The objective of this retrospective study is to predict the individual initial doses for Puerto Rican patients (n=175) commencing anticoagulation therapy at Veterans Affairs Caribbean Healthcare System (VACHS) using pharmacogenetic/pharmacokinetic-driven model. A pharmacogenetic driven model (R2=0.4809) was developed in Puerto Rican patients and combined with pharmacokinetic formulas that enabled us to predict the individual initial doses for patients (n=121) commencing anticoagulation therapy. WinNonlin® pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic simulations were carried out to determine the predictability of this model. This model demonstrated promising results with few (n=10) simulations outside of their respective therapy range. A customized pharmacogenetic-based warfarin maintenance dose algorithm (R2=0.7659) was developed in a derivation cohort of 131 patients. The predictability of this developed pharmacogenetic algorithm was compared with the International Warfarin Pharmacogenomics Consortium (IWPC) algorithm and it demonstrated superior predictability within our study population. PMID:25285240

  16. GIC due to storm sudden commencement in low-latitude high-voltage power network in China: Observation and simulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, J. J.; Wang, C.; Sun, T. R.; Liu, C. M.; Wang, K. R.

    2015-10-01

    The impact of geomagnetically induced currents (GICs) on the power networks at middle and low latitudes has attracted attention in recent years with the increase of large-scale power networks. In this study, we report the GIC monitored at two low-latitude 500 kV substations of China during the large storm of 17 March 2015. The GIC due to the storm sudden commencement (SSC) was much higher than that during the storm main phase. This phenomenon is more likely to happen at low-latitude locations, highlighting the importance of SSC in inducing GIC in low-latitude power networks. Furthermore, we ran a global MHD model to simulate the GIC during this SSC event by using the solar wind observation as input. The model results reproduced the main features of the GIC. The study also indicated that the eastward component of the geoelectric field is dominant for low-latitude locations during the SSC events. Further, topology and electrical parameters of the power grids make significant differences in the GIC levels.

  17. 5 CFR Appendix A to Subpart C of... - Present Value Conversion Factors for Earlier Commencing Date of Annuities of Current and Former...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Present Value Conversion Factors for...) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE...—Present Value Conversion Factors for Earlier Commencing Date of Annuities of Current and Former Spouses...

  18. 5 CFR Appendix A to Subpart C of... - Present Value Conversion Factors for Earlier Commencing Date of Annuities of Current and Former...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Present Value Conversion Factors for...) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE...—Present Value Conversion Factors for Earlier Commencing Date of Annuities of Current and Former Spouses...

  19. 5 CFR Appendix A to Subpart C of... - Present Value Conversion Factors for Earlier Commencing Date of Annuities of Current and Former...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Present Value Conversion Factors for...) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE...—Present Value Conversion Factors for Earlier Commencing Date of Annuities of Current and Former Spouses...

  20. 5 CFR Appendix A to Subpart C of... - Present Value Conversion Factors for Earlier Commencing Date of Annuities of Current and Former...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Present Value Conversion Factors for...) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE...—Present Value Conversion Factors for Earlier Commencing Date of Annuities of Current and Former Spouses...

  1. 5 CFR Appendix A to Subpart C of... - Present Value Conversion Factors for Earlier Commencing Date of Annuities of Current and Former...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Present Value Conversion Factors for...) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE...—Present Value Conversion Factors for Earlier Commencing Date of Annuities of Current and Former Spouses...

  2. How Prepared are Students for Postgraduate Study? A Comparison of the Information Literacy Skills of Commencing Undergraduate and Postgraduate Information Studies Students at Curtin University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conway, Kate

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes a study comparing the information literacy skills of commencing undergraduate and postgraduate Information Studies students at Curtin University. The study was conducted by means of an online multiple choice survey, which students completed during the first few weeks of their course. The results show that a number of both…

  3. Multiple loss processes of relativistic electrons outside the heart of outer radiation belt during a storm sudden commencement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, J.; Li, L. Y.; Cao, J. B.; Yuan, Z. G.; Reeves, G. D.; Baker, D. N.; Blake, J. B.; Spence, H.

    2015-12-01

    By examining the compression-induced changes in the electron phase space density and pitch angle distribution observed by two satellites of Van Allen Probes (RBSP-A/B), we find that the relativistic electrons (>2 MeV) outside the heart of outer radiation belt (L* ≥ 5) undergo multiple losses during a storm sudden commencement. The relativistic electron loss mainly occurs in the field-aligned direction (pitch angle α < 30° or >150°), and the flux decay of the field-aligned electrons is independent of the spatial location variations of the two satellites. However, the relativistic electrons in the pitch angle range of 30°-150° increase (decrease) with the decreasing (increasing) geocentric distance (|ΔL| < 0.25) of the RBSP-B (RBSP-A) location, and the electron fluxes in the quasi-perpendicular direction display energy-dispersive oscillations in the Pc5 period range (2-10 min). The relativistic electron loss is confirmed by the decrease of electron phase space density at high-L shell after the magnetospheric compressions, and their loss is associated with the intense plasmaspheric hiss, electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves, relativistic electron precipitation (observed by POES/NOAA satellites at 850 km), and magnetic field fluctuations in the Pc5 band. The intense EMIC waves and whistler mode hiss jointly cause the rapidly pitch angle scattering loss of the relativistic electrons within 10 h. Moreover, the Pc5 ULF waves also lead to the slowly outward radial diffusion of the relativistic electrons in the high-L region with a negative electron phase space density gradient.

  4. Bronx Zoo cogeneration project

    SciTech Connect

    Rivet, P.H.

    1988-09-01

    The New York Zoological Society commenced feasibility studies for a proposed cogeneration and district heating system for the Bronz Zoo in spring 1982. Early studies focused on evaluating the Zoo's energy loads, infrastructure, and energy delivery and financing systems. The Zoological Society and New York City joined in the decision to support the construction of a system which would serve not only the Bronx Zoo but also five nearby City-funded installations, including the adjacent New York Botanical Garden. Since the submission of that study, the project has been modified in scope, scaling back to a generating capacity designed to serve only the Bronz Zoo.

  5. Screening for Colorectal Cancer in African Americans: Determinants and Rationale for an Earlier Age to Commence Screening

    PubMed Central

    Carethers, John M.

    2014-01-01

    neoplasia, and (i) may demonstrate worse outcomes with treatment for CRC. These epidemiological, biological, and genetic parameters put African Americans at higher risk from CRC irrespective of any socioeconomic issues, much like IBD, FAP, and Lynch syndrome patients. Including race as a factor to consider in national CRC screening guidelines, such as commencing screening at an earlier age than 50 years, seems rational based on the natural history and more aggressive behavior in this population. PMID:25540085

  6. Seasonal dependence of magnetic field variations from subauroral latitude to the magnetic equator during geomagnetic sudden commencements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shinbori, A.; Tsuji, Y.; Kikuchi, T.; Araki, T.; Ikeda, A.; Uozumi, T.; Solovyev, S. I.; Shevtsov, B.; Otadoy, R. S.; Utada, H.; Nagatsuma, T.; Hayashi, H.; Tsuda, T.; Yumoto, K.; Iugonet Project Team

    2010-12-01

    Seasonal dependence of diurnal variation of the main impulse (MI) of geomagnetic sudden commencements (SCs) has been investigated using the long-tern geomagnetic field data with high time resolution of 1 sec within a period from 1996 to 2008 provided from the NSWM [Kikuchi et al., 2008] and CPMN [Yumoto and the CPMN group, 2001] chains and the WDC for Geomagnetism, Kyoto. In the present analysis, we used the geomagnetic field data obtained from the 10 stations. In this study, we defined an SC phenomenon as a rapid increase of the SYM-H value with more than 5 nT and time variation in the SYM-H index. Then, we identified 3163 events of SCs in a period from January 1996 to 2008, which has no Pi 2 signature around 10 minutes at the SC onset. Moreover, the SC amplitude obtained at the above 10 stations has been normalized by that in the SYM-H index with latitude correction in order to minimize the different contribution of the rapid change in solar wind dynamic pressure. As a result, in sub-auroral (ZYK) and middle latitudes (MMB) tends to be larger in summer than in winter in all the magnetic local time. The peak-to-peak amplitude in the daytime sector strongly depends on solar zenith angle. These result imply that ionospheric currents (ICs) and field-aligned currents (FACs) generated during the MI phase of SC are enhanced due to the increase of ionospheric conductivity in summer. This feature suggests that SC current system is the voltage generator. On the other hand, the sesonal variation of SC amplitude in both the low latitude and magnetic equator showed quite a different signature from that in the sub-auroral and middle latitudes. The remarkable feature is that the equatorial enhancement of SC amplitude due to an intensification of the Pedersen currents via the Cowling effect tends to become smaller in summer, compared with that in winter. This tendency suggests that ionospheric conductivity does not depend on only the solar zenith angle. One of the implications

  7. Project: "Project!"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grayson, Katherine

    2007-01-01

    In November 2006, the editors of "Campus Technology" launched their first-ever High-Resolution Projection Study, to find out if the latest in projector technology could really make a significant difference in teaching, learning, and educational innovation on US campuses. The author and her colleagues asked campus educators, technologists, and…

  8. Historical overview of the Biosphere 2 project

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Allen, John P.

    1990-01-01

    An extensive historical overview is given of the Biosphere 2 project. The overview begins in late 1969, as the moon landings commenced, when work began on ecological projects which laid the conceptual foundation for the current Biosphere 2 project. Continuing through to taking a complete functional suite of microbes together with their associated aquatic elements and an air volume and putting them inside a closed lab flask in which to measure the oxygen and CO2 levels, study energy flows and visually observe the changes therein. The laws of biospherics formulated by the author which can be tested in the Biosphere 2 project are listed.

  9. Brief summary of accomplishments since our DOE-sponsored radon project commenced. Technical progress report, [January 1, 1993--December 31, 1993

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-12-31

    We have focused on determining the thermomechanical and kinetic properties involving their interactions with common atmospheric molecules and indoor pollutants. In view of the fact that a large fraction of the progeny ions are thought to be in the singly charged state, we have directed attention to the evolving chemistry of these species. Emphasis has been placed on acquiring fundamental thermochemical information which will provide a basis for modeling studies and that are requisite in obtaining a more complete picture of growth, attachment to aerosols, and ultimately transport to the bioreceptor.

  10. Patient and Health Care Professional Decision-Making to Commence and Withdraw from Renal Dialysis: A Systematic Review of Qualitative Research

    PubMed Central

    Flemming, Kate; Murtagh, Fliss E.M.; Johnson, Miriam J.

    2015-01-01

    Background and objective To ensure that decisions to start and stop dialysis in ESRD are shared, the factors that affect patients and health care professionals in making such decisions must be understood. This systematic review sought to explore how and why different factors mediate the choices about dialysis treatment. Design, setting, participants, & measurements MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and PsychINFO were searched for qualitative studies of factors that affect patients’ or health care professionals’ decisions to commence or withdraw from dialysis. A thematic synthesis was conducted. Results Of 494 articles screened, 12 studies (conducted from 1985 to 2014) were included. These involved 206 patients (most receiving hemodialysis) and 64 health care professionals (age ranges: patients, 26–93 years; professionals, 26–61 years). For commencing dialysis, patients based their choice on "gut instinct," as well as deliberating over the effect of treatment on quality of life and survival. How individuals coped with decision-making was influential: Some tried to take control of the problem of progressive renal failure, whereas others focused on controlling their emotions. Health care professionals weighed biomedical factors and were led by an instinct to prolong life. Both patients and health care professionals described feeling powerless. With regard to dialysis withdrawal, only after prolonged periods on dialysis were the realities of life on dialysis fully appreciated and past choices questioned. By this stage, however, patients were physically dependent on treatment. As was seen with commencing dialysis, individuals coped with treatment withdrawal in a problem- or emotion-controlling way. Families struggled to differentiate between choosing versus allowing death. Health care teams avoided and queried discussions regarding dialysis withdrawal. Patients, however, missed the dialogue they experienced during predialysis education. Conclusions Decision-making in

  11. Supporting Primary and Secondary Beginning Teachers Online: Key Findings of the Education Alumni Support Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maxwell, T. W.; Harrington, I.; Smith, H. J.

    2010-01-01

    During 2005, the Education Alumni Support Project (EdASP) (Maxwell, Smith, Baxter, Boyd, Harrington, Jenkins, Sargeant & Tamatea 2006) provided online support for University of New England (UNE) graduand, and later, graduate, teachers as they commenced their careers. The project was based on research which reported that many beginning teachers did…

  12. Factors associated with commencing smoking in 12-year-old students in Catalonia (Spain): a cross-sectional population-based study

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Over the last decade notable progress has been made in developed countries on monitoring smoking although experimenting with cigarettes and smoking in young people remains a serious public health problem. This paper reports a cross-sectional study at the beginning of the 3-year follow-up community study TA_BES. The aim was to study the prevalence of smoking in addition to determining predictive factors for when smoking commences in a representative population of 12-year-old first year compulsory secondary education students. Methods Twenty-nine secondary schools (N = 29) from an area of Catalonia participated in the study. In these schools 2245 students answered a questionnaire to study the attitudes, behaviors, and tobacco consumption in the subject's surrounding circle and family in relation to smoking; carbon monoxide measurements were taken by means of co-oximetry on 2 different occasions. A smoker was defined as a student who had smoked daily or occasionally in the last 30 days. For non-smokers the criteria of not considering was set up for those who answered that in the future they would not be smokers and considering those who answered that they did not rule out becoming a smoker in the future. Results Among the total 2245 students included in the analysis 157(7%) were classified as smokers. Among non-smokers we differentiated between those not considering smoking 1757 (78.3%) and those considering smoking 288 (12.8%). Age is among the factors related to commencing smoking. The risk of becoming a smoker increases 2.27 times/year. The influence of the group of friends with a very high risk for boys OR 149.5 and lower, albeit high, in girls OR 38.1. Tobacco consumption of parents produces different effects in young people. A smoking father does not produce alterations in the smoking behavior of young people. However having a smoking mother or former smoking is a risk factor for boys and a protective factor for girls. We detected a gradual risk of

  13. Healy clean coal project

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-08-01

    The objective of the Healy Clean Coal Project is to demonstrate the integration of an advanced combustor and a heat recovery system with both high and low temperature emission control processes. Resulting emission levels of SO[sub 2], NO[sub x], and particulates are expected to be significantly better than the federal New source Performance standards. During this past quarter, engineering and design continued on the boiler, combustion flue gas desulfurization (FGD), and turbine/generator systems. Balance of plant equipment procurement specifications continue to be prepared. Construction activities commenced as the access road construction got under way. Temporary ash pond construction and drilling of the supply well will be completed during the next quarter.

  14. Commencement on a Coral Reef

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webster, Steven K.

    1973-01-01

    Describes an environmental program in which sixteen students and three biology teachers from Northfield Mount Hermon School in Massachusetts spent two weeks examining the ecology of a Caribbean reef.. (JR)

  15. Dynamic infrared scene projection: a review

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Williams, Owen M.

    1998-12-01

    Since the early 1990s, there has been major progress in the developing field of dynamic infrared scene projection, driven principally by the need for hardware-in-the-loop simulation of the oncoming generation of imaging infrared missile seekers and more recently by the needs for realistic simulation of the new generation of thermal imagers and forward-looking infrared systems. In this paper the current status of the dynamic infrared projection field is reviewed, commencing with an outline of its history. The requirements for dynamic infrared scene projection are examined, allowing a set of validity criteria to be developed. Each class of infrared projector that has been investigated—emissive, transmissive, reflective, laser scanner and phosphor—together with the specific technology initiatives within the class is described and examined against the validity criteria. In this way the leading dynamic infrared scene projection technologies are identified.

  16. CAL for Blind Students: Some Recent Developments. Microcomputers and Teaching. Computer-Assisted Support for Blind Students, Project Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vincent, A. T.

    This report describes a project which commenced in 1980 at the Open University in England, the object of which was to provide blind Open University undergraduate students with home-based computing facilities through the use of low-cost commercially available microcomputers and speech synthesizers. The development of computer programs that…

  17. Learning Outcomes Assessment and History: TEQSA, the after Standards Project and the QA/QI Challenge in Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brawley, Sean; Clark, Jennifer; Dixon, Chris; Ford, Lisa; Ross, Shawn; Upton, Stuart; Nielsen, Erik

    2013-01-01

    Higher education in Australia is currently in a state of flux, with the Federal Government's Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency commencing operations in January 2012. The "After Standards Project" has been working with Australian university history departments and the Australian Historical Association, educating and empowering the…

  18. A Proposal by the Student National Education Association and the Southwestern Cooperative Educational Laboratory. A Student Teacher Live-In Indian Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Student Education Association, Washington, DC.

    A live-in project for 10 prospective teachers at the Canoncito Navajo Reservation (Laguna, N. Mex.), commencing in February 1969 with participant recruitment by reservation representatives and the Southwestern Cooperative Educational Laboratory (SWCEL), is designed to determine the contribution of the student teachers to the Indian community and…

  19. Toms Creek IGCC Demonstration Project

    SciTech Connect

    Virr, M.J.

    1992-01-01

    The Toms Creek Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) Demonstration Project was selected by DOE in September 1991 to participate in Round Four of the Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program. The project will demonstrate a simplified IGCC process consisting of an air-blown, fluidized-bed gasifier (Tampella U-Gas), a gas cooler/steam generator, and a hot gas cleanup system in combination with a gas turbine modified for use with a low-Btu content fuel and a conventional steam bottoming cycle. The demonstration plant will be located at the Toms Creek coal mine near Coeburn, Wise County, Virginia. Participants in the project are Tampella Power Corporation and Coastal Power Production Company. The plant will use 430 tons per day of locally mined bituminous coal to produce 55 MW of power from the gasification section of the project. A modern pulverized coal fired unit will be located adjacent to the Demonstration Project producing an additional 150 MW. A total 190 MW of power will be delivered to the electric grid at the completion of the project. In addition, 50,000 pounds per hour of steam will be exported to be used in the nearby coal preparation plant. Dolomite is used for in-bed gasifier sulfur capture and downs cleanup is accomplished in a fluidized-bed of regenerative zinc titanate. Particulate clean-up, before the gas turbine, will be performed by high temperature candle filters (1020[degree]F). The demonstration plant heat rate is estimated to be 8,700 Btu/kWh. The design of the project goes through mid 1995, with site construction activities commencing late in 1995 and leading to commissioning and start-up by the end of 1997. This is followed by a three year demonstration period.

  20. Toms Creek IGCC Demonstration Project

    SciTech Connect

    Virr, M.J.

    1992-11-01

    The Toms Creek Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) Demonstration Project was selected by DOE in September 1991 to participate in Round Four of the Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program. The project will demonstrate a simplified IGCC process consisting of an air-blown, fluidized-bed gasifier (Tampella U-Gas), a gas cooler/steam generator, and a hot gas cleanup system in combination with a gas turbine modified for use with a low-Btu content fuel and a conventional steam bottoming cycle. The demonstration plant will be located at the Toms Creek coal mine near Coeburn, Wise County, Virginia. Participants in the project are Tampella Power Corporation and Coastal Power Production Company. The plant will use 430 tons per day of locally mined bituminous coal to produce 55 MW of power from the gasification section of the project. A modern pulverized coal fired unit will be located adjacent to the Demonstration Project producing an additional 150 MW. A total 190 MW of power will be delivered to the electric grid at the completion of the project. In addition, 50,000 pounds per hour of steam will be exported to be used in the nearby coal preparation plant. Dolomite is used for in-bed gasifier sulfur capture and downs cleanup is accomplished in a fluidized-bed of regenerative zinc titanate. Particulate clean-up, before the gas turbine, will be performed by high temperature candle filters (1020{degree}F). The demonstration plant heat rate is estimated to be 8,700 Btu/kWh. The design of the project goes through mid 1995, with site construction activities commencing late in 1995 and leading to commissioning and start-up by the end of 1997. This is followed by a three year demonstration period.

  1. Project Wild (Project Tame).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siegenthaler, David

    For 37 states in the United States, Project Wild has become an officially sanctioned, distributed and funded "environemtnal and conservation education program." For those who are striving to implement focused, sequential, learning programs, as well as those who wish to promote harmony through a non-anthropocentric world view, Project Wild may…

  2. Projects Work!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Textor, Martin R.

    2005-01-01

    The great educational value of projects is emphasized by contrasting negative aspects of the life of today's children with the goals of project work. This is illustrated by a project "Shopping." It is shown what children are learning in such projects and what the advantages of project work are. Relevant topic areas, criteria for selecting a…

  3. Shop Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patton, Bob

    Vocational agriculture teachers in Oklahoma prepared the shop project drawings which comprise the document. Seventy-one projects, with lists of required materials, diagrams, and measurements, are included. Construction projects fall into six categories (number of projects in parentheses): Trailers (5), racks (3), livestock production projects…

  4. 38 CFR 21.7131 - Commencing dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... eligibility by the removal of the former eligibility requirement in 38 CFR 21.7042(a)(2)(ii), 21.7042(a)(5)(iv... former eligibility requirement in 38 CFR 21.7042(a)(3), 21.7042(b)(2), and 21.7042(c)(4), revised as of... eligibility requirement in 38 CFR 21.7042(a)(6), 21.7042(b)(11), and 21.7044(b)(13), revised as of July...

  5. 38 CFR 21.7131 - Commencing dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... eligibility by the removal of the former eligibility requirement in 38 CFR 21.7042(a)(2)(ii), 21.7042(a)(5)(iv... former eligibility requirement in 38 CFR 21.7042(a)(3), 21.7042(b)(2), and 21.7042(c)(4), revised as of... eligibility requirement in 38 CFR 21.7042(a)(6), 21.7042(b)(11), and 21.7044(b)(13), revised as of July...

  6. 78 FR 75944 - Commencement of Claims Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-13

    ... People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (D.D.C.) 05-cv-1932. McDonald v. Socialist People's Arab Jamahiriya (D.D.C.) 06-cv- 729. MacQuarrie v. Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (D.D.C.) 04-cv-176. Patel v..., London, England, as alleged in McDonald v. Socialist People's Arab Jamahiriya (D.D.C.)...

  7. 38 CFR 21.4131 - Commencing dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Administration of Educational Assistance Programs Payments... of educational assistance for the program of education the veteran or servicemember is pursuing, the... award of educational assistance for the program of education the veteran or servicemember is...

  8. 38 CFR 21.7631 - Commencing dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Educational Assistance for Members of the Selected Reserve Payments...: (1) If the award is the first award of educational assistance for the program of education the... award is the second or subsequent award of educational assistance for the program of education...

  9. Effective Student Motivation Commences with Resolving "Dissatisfiers"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prescott, Ann; Simpson, Edward

    2004-01-01

    The evolution in students' expectations based on Maslow's theory of human motivation shows a transition from expectations having an effect upon motivation towards those providing a satisfactory experience. Maslow's argument was that once the lower level needs, such as physiological and safety needs, are met other higher needs emerge. In the…

  10. 38 CFR 21.7631 - Commencing dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... institution—course or subject leads to a standard college degree. (1) When a student enrolls in a course... assistance will be the date the student began pursuit of the course according to the regularly established practices of the educational institution. (2) When a student enrolls in a resident course or subject,...