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1

Working Longer Makes Students Stronger? The Effects of Ninth Grade Classroom Hours on Ninth Grade Student Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Despite much discussion on the role of education policy on school and student performance, we know little about the effects of school spending at the margin on student cognitive achievement beyond the effects of class size. Purpose: The paper examines the effects of annual ninth grade classroom hours in literacy and maths on ninth

Jensen, Vibeke Myrup

2013-01-01

2

Ninth Grade Students' Understanding of The Nature of Scientific Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the 9th-grade students' understandings of the nature of scientific knowledge. The study also aimed to investigate the differences in students' understanding of the nature of scientific knowledge by gender, and school types. A total of 575 ninth grade students from four different school types (General…

Kilic, Kerem; Sungur, Semra; Cakiroglu, Jale; Tekkaya, Ceren

2005-01-01

3

Academic Grades of Ninth-Grade Urban Learning-Disabled Students and Low-Achieving Peers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The academic performance of 86 mainstreamed learning-disabled students was compared with that of 87 low-achieving students. Significant differences were found between the groups' grades in social studies and health but not in science. Of intelligence quotient, reading level, and absence rates, only absence rates differentiated between ninth grade

Donahoe, Kathleen; Zigmond, Naomi

1990-01-01

4

Sensory Response Patterns of Academically Successful and Unsuccessful Ninth-grade Students of English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Testing Marshall McLuhan's thesis that the educational system favors the visually oriented student and militates against the audile-tactile youngster, this pilot study attempted to discover whether or not academically successful ninth-grade English students have a different sensory response pattern than unsuccessful ninth-grade English students.…

LaRocque, Geraldine E.

5

Ninth-grade students' attitudes toward energy: A comparison between Maine and New Brunswick  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the study was to determine if there was any relationship between energy attitudes of ninth-grade students by gender and by their geographical location (Maine and New Brunswick). For general energy concerns, Maine students had a more positive attitude than New Brunswick students. Both Maine and New Brunswick females had a more positive attitude toward energy than males. Overall, Maine and New Brunswick students had a nonpositive attitude toward energy.

Barrow, L.H.; Morrisey, J.T.

1987-01-01

6

Impact of a Ninth-Grade Transition Program on Cumulative GPAs and Credits, Ninth-Grade Dropout Rates, and Student Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concerned educators have been implementing ninth-grade transition programs to help freshmen adjust to the demands in high school and to reduce ninth-grade failure rates. The purpose of this quasi-experimental quantitative study was to investigate the impact of a ninth-grade transition program. The research questions addressed impact on cumulative…

Buhrman, B. R.

2010-01-01

7

By the Sweat of Your Brow: English Unit for the Ninth Grade Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide, developed as part of an exemplary program for junior high school students, is a ninth grade English unit designed to use contemporary literary materials which deal with occupational situations and attitudes of both employers and employees. The emphasis is on the relationship between on-the-job and leisure time activities. Three pages of…

Blegen, Larry; Green, Mark

8

General Science, Ninth Grade: Theme I and Theme II. Student Laboratory Manual. Experimental.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ninth grade student manual was developed to be used in conjunction with some of the experimental science activities described in the teacher's guide. It contains laboratory worksheets for: (1) measurement; (2) basic energy concepts; (3) heat energy; (4) light; (5) sound; (6) electricity; and (7) present and future energy resources. Additional…

New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.

9

A COMPARISON OF WHITE AND NEGRO NINTH GRADE STUDENTS' READING INTERESTS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

AN INVESTIGATION OF THE SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES, BY RACE AND SEX, OF SPECIFIC STUDENTS ENROLLED IN TWO RECENTLY INTEGRATED HIGH SCHOOLS IN THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES IS REPORTED. SUBJECTS WERE 264 NINTH-GRADE PUPILS--140 NEGROES AND 124 CAUCASIANS. TO MEASURE READING INTERESTS AND CHOICE OF MATERIALS, A 40-ITEM QUESTIONNAIRE WAS…

OLSON, ARTHUR V.; ROSEN, CARL L.

10

Ninth Grade Course Enrollment and Dropping Out.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An informal study was conducted of the courses selected by ninth grade students who later dropped out of high school. Longitudinal data were available for high school students in the Austin (Texas) Independent School District, from 1978-79 to 1982-83. The courses selected by high-risk students in ninth grade, including extracurricular activities…

Doss, David A.

11

Career Awareness and Exploration. Ninth Grade Students Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide contains a 4-week course designed to address the problems students face in making career or job choices and selecting the appropriate high school courses to give them the necessary skills to achieve their career goal. It contains materials for teachers to use in doing the following: assist students in self-assessment, expand…

Tennessee State Dept. of Employment Security, Nashville.

12

The Effect of Co-Teaching on Student Achievement in Ninth Grade Physical Science Classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Co-teaching is a method that is increasing within schools across the US as educators strive to leave no child behind. It is a costly method, having two paid instructors in one classroom, with an average of 24 students shared between them. If it significantly increases the achievement of all students, it is well worth the costs involved. However, few studies have analyzed the effectiveness of this method on student achievement. This research follows the academic accomplishments of students in a ninth grade physical science course. Nine sections of the course "Force and Motion" were taught with a single teacher, and two additional sections were co-taught, one led by a science-certified and special educator, and another co-taught by two science certified teachers. Subgroup achievement performance was analyzed to determine whether significant differences exist between students with or without IEPs, as well as other factors such as free and reduced lunch status or gender. The results show significance with the presence of a co-teacher, while there is minimal effect size of co-teaching in this study for students with IEPs. The benefactors in these ninth grade co-taught classes were the students without IEPs, an unintended result of co-teaching.

LaFever, Karen M.

13

Effective Ninth-Grade Transition Programs Can Promote Student Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition from middle into high school can be perilous for some students. High school freshmen fail at an alarming rate. In a general sense, the environment, expectations, structure, and culture of high schools are different from middle schools. However, school leaders can implement transition programs that may promote success of 9th graders.…

Roybal, Victoria; Thornton, Bill; Usinger, Janet

2014-01-01

14

Urban minority ninth-grade students' health-related fitness knowledge.  

PubMed

The purpose of the study was to examine Hispanic and other minority ninth-grade students' health-related fitness (HRF) knowledge, using FitSmart, a standardized test for high school students. The test consisted of 50 weighted multiple choice items, measuring six subcontent components. Means and standard deviations of the overall scores and the subcontent scores were computed. The findings suggested that students demonstrated mastery of one subcontent component but failed to meet passing values for all other subcontents and overall HRF knowledge. Female students outscored their male counterparts, but there was no difference for ethnicity. More efforts are needed to ensure that Hispanic and other minority high school students master fundamental HRF knowledge. PMID:20025116

Keating, Xiaofen Deng; Chen, Li; Guan, Jianmin; Harrison, Louis; Dauenhauer, Brian

2009-12-01

15

An Interaction of Learning and Teaching Styles Influencing Mathematic Achievements of Ninth-Grade Students: A Multilevel Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to explore students' learning styles and teachers' teaching styles and study the effects and interaction effects of learning styles and teaching styles on mathematics achievements. The subjects were 3,382 ninth-grade students and 110 mathematic teachers. The main results revealed that most students were…

Damrongpanit, Suntonrapot; Reungtragul, Auyporn

2014-01-01

16

The effect of a role model project upon the attitudes of ninth-grade science students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article will describe an in-school intervention project that used female role models to change the attitudes of 964 Iowa girls and boys in 57 ninth-grade science classes toward science, math, and technical curricula and careers. The differences between the students' mean pretest and posttest scores on each of six factors found to be associated with students' attitudes toward science and math and technical careers were analyzed to determine which of five experimental groups responded most positively to the intervention. Higher difference scores indicated that the attitudes of girls and boys who participated in the intervention improved more than the attitudes of girls and boys in the control groups, suggesting that the use of female role models in the science classroom is an effective way to change students' attitudes toward science, math, and related careers.

Evans, Mary Ann; Whigham, Myrna; Wang, Morgan C.

17

Internet-Based GIS in an Inductive Learning Environment: A Case Study of Ninth-Grade Geography Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the results of a qualitative case study that explored the use of Internet-based geographic information systems (IGIS) with ninth-grade geography students. The students worked in teams to examine the geography of Africa using IGIS resources with the instructional goal of developing a presentation on a significant issue facing…

Milson, Andrew J.; Earle, Brian D.

2007-01-01

18

The Relationship between Situational and Contextual Self-Determined Motivation and Physical Activity Intensity as Measured by Heart Rates during Ninth Grade Students' Physical Education Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the study was to investigate the relationships between situational and contextual self-determined motivation and physical activity intensity as measured by heart rates during a ninth-grade students' physical education (PE) class. The participants of the study were 139 Finnish ninth-grade students (15-year-olds). The data were collected…

Jaakkola, Timo; Liukkonen, Jarmo; Laakso, Timo; Ommundsen, Yngvar

2008-01-01

19

The impact of a freshman academy on science performance of first-time ninth-grade students at one Georgia high school  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this within-group experimental study was to find out to what extent ninth-grade students improved their science performance beyond their middle school science performance at one Georgia high school utilizing a freshman academy model. Freshman academies have been recognized as a useful tool for increasing academic performance among ninth-grade students because they address a range of academic support initiatives tailored to improve academic performance among ninth-grade students. The talent development model developed by Legters, Balfanz, Jordan, and McPartland (2002) has served as a foundational standard for many ninth grade academy programs. A cornerstone feature of this model is the creation of small learning communities used to increase ninth-grade student performance. Another recommendation was to offer credit recovery opportunities for ninth graders along with creating parent and community involvement activities to increase academic success among ninth-grade students. While the site's program included some of the initiatives outlined by the talent development model, it did not utilize all of them. The study concluded that the academy did not show a definitive increase in academic performance among ninth-grade students since most students stayed within their original performance category.

Daniel, Vivian Summerour

20

An Examination of the Correlation between Ninth Grade Mathematics Grades and Student Performance on the Mathematics Portion of the California High School Exit Examination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the relationship between ninth graders' math course grades (passing or failing) and future performance on the California High School Exit Examination (CAHSEE). Although correlative data is not predictive, it is able to give a sense of which students one can expect to be successful and which students are more likely to benefit…

Steffan, Andrea Lynn

2010-01-01

21

Relations of Parenting Style and Parental Involvement with Ninth-Grade Students' Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purposes of this study were to explore the influence of both parenting style (demandingness and responsiveness) and parental involvement on the achievement outcome of early adolescents and to explore the relations both adolescents' and their parents' perceptions ofparenting, and to compare the influence that the differentperceptions have on adolescents' achievement. Subjects were 247 ninth-grade boys and girls and their

Sharon E. Paulson

1994-01-01

22

Expectancy-Value Models for the STEM Persistence Plans of Ninth-Grade, High-Ability Students: A Comparison between Black, Hispanic, and White Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Group differences in the effects of the expectancies and values that high-ability students have for science and mathematics on plans to persist in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) were investigated. A nationally representative sample of ninth-grade students, the High School Longitudinal Study of 2009 (HSLS: 2009; n =…

Andersen, Lori; Ward, Thomas J.

2014-01-01

23

Ninth Grade Centers: What the Research Shows. Information Capsule. Volume 0611  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers have identified ninth grade as one of the most critical periods of time for intervention to prevent the loss of motivation, failing grades, and dropping out of school. This Information Capsule is concerned with the efficacy of ninth-grade centers or academies which isolate ninth-grade students into separate school buildings or in wings…

Romanik, Dale

2007-01-01

24

An Analysis of a Ninth Grade Mathematics Intervention Tracy Sweet  

E-print Network

level, but only 30% of black students test at or above this level. To prepare students for post% of Philadelphia ninth grade students tested scored below a 7th grade level on a nationally normed math test. 1 #12 in each condition do not differ in performance on an algebra test even though TAM students have had only

25

Strategies To Improve the Self-Esteem of Ninth and Tenth Grade Haitian Limited English Proficient Students through a Self-Concept Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to a situation in which limited-English-proficient Haitian students were found to have behavior problems, anxiety, depression, low motivation, low energy, and underachievement, attributed to low self-esteem, a project was undertaken to improve student self-concept and achievement. Ninth- and tenth-grade Haitian English-as-a-Second…

Bien-Aime, Joseph C.

26

The Emergent Charter School Model for Ninth Grade Mildly Disabled United States Students: Extending to Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An ethnographic, descriptive research methodology was used to explore the service delivery of three U.S. charter schools (one independent and two dependent secondary public charter schools) in Southern New England, United States as they relate to grade nine mildly disabled special needs students. Field research was also conducted in Costa Rica and…

Vincent, Emmanuel Teah

2009-01-01

27

Paving the Way for Success in High School and beyond: The Importance of Preparing Middle School Students for the Transition to Ninth Grade. GroundWork  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public/Private Ventures' (P/PV's) "GroundWork" series summarizes available evidence on a variety of social policy topics, providing a firm foundation for future work. This second brief in the series presents an overview of issues surrounding the ninth grade transition: why it is so important; why many middle school students find it so difficult;…

Grossman, Jean Baldwin; Cooney, Siobhan M.

2009-01-01

28

The Impact of a Freshman Academy on Science Performance of First-Time Ninth-Grade Students at One Georgia High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this within-group experimental study was to find out to what extent ninth-grade students improved their science performance beyond their middle school science performance at one Georgia high school utilizing a freshman academy model. Freshman academies have been recognized as a useful tool for increasing academic performance among…

Daniel, Vivian Summerour

2011-01-01

29

Ninth-grade students' perceived attitudes and behaviors in a tobacco cessation program delivered by dental educators.  

PubMed

This study measured whether a tobacco cessation program in Nevada's Clark County School District (CCSD) delivered by dental educators affected ninth-grade students' short-term perceived knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and intentions (KABI) toward tobacco use and whether the CCSD's immersion approach led to positive changes in students' KABI. A quantitative research methodology with a descriptive research design was used. Data were collected from 617 students using pre- and post-program surveys self-administered by the participants. The surveys were based on those used previously in national and other large-scale epidemiologic studies assessing tobacco intervention program effectiveness. The survey data revealed that, after the program, more students had an increased awareness of tobacco use dangers to their health and significantly increased awareness of the negative consequences of tobacco use. The number of students who did or did not use tobacco changed very little as a result of the program, but the tobacco users on the post-program survey did report statistically significant decreases in overall use. Significant reduction in tobacco usage by the tobacco users indicates some desire on the part of smoking students to quit or reduce their tobacco usage. Little evidence of major changes in student attitudes was found. PMID:22012778

McClain, Mildred A; McClain, Clifford R; Ditmyer, Marcia M; Dounis, Georgia; Mobley, Connie C

2011-10-01

30

Academic Support by Significant Others and Educational Resilience in Mexican-Origin Ninth Grade Students from Intact Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used dominance analysis to examine the relative importance of ninth grade, Mexican-origin adolescents' perceptions of academic support from significant others (i.e., mothers, fathers, teachers, and friends) in relation to aspects of academic success. Self-report and school record data were collected from 216 Mexican-origin adolescents…

Plunkett, Scott W.; Henry, Carolyn S.; Houltberg, Benjamin J.; Sands, Tovah; Abarca-Mortensen, Sandra

2008-01-01

31

Effects of an Inverted Instructional Delivery Model on Achievement of Ninth-Grade Physical Science Honors Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This mixed-methods action research study was designed to assess the achievement of ninth-grade Physical Science Honors students by analysis of pre and posttest data. In addition, perceptual data from students, parents, and the researcher were collected to form a complete picture of the flipped lecture format versus the traditional lecture format. The researcher utilized a 4MAT learning cycle in two Physical Science Honors classes. One of these classes was traditionally delivered with lecture-type activities taking place inside the classroom and homework-type activities taking place at home; the other inverted, or flipped, delivered with lecture-type activities taking place outside the classroom and homework-type activities taking place inside the classroom. Existing unit pre and posttests for both classes were analyzed for differences in academic achievement. At the completion of the units, the flipped class students and parents were surveyed, and student focus groups were convened to ascertain their perceptions of the flipped classroom delivery model. Statistical analysis of posttest data revealed that there is no significant difference between the traditional lecture delivery format and the flipped delivery format. Analysis of perceptual data revealed six themes that must be considered when deciding to flip the classroom: how to hold students accountable for viewing the at-home videos, accessibility of students to the required technology, technical considerations relating to the video production, comprehension of the material both during and after viewing the videos, pedagogy of the overall flipped method, and preference for the flipped method overall. Findings revealed that students, parents, and the researcher all had a preference for the flipped class format, provided the above issues are addressed. The flipped class format encourages students to become more responsible for their learning, and, in addition, students reported that the hands-on inquiry activities done in class aided them in learning the subject matter. It is recommended, however, that before instructors decide to flip the classroom, they ensure that all students have access to needed technology, that there is a plan in place for ensuring that the students actually view the assigned videos, that they have a way to create the videos and ensure adequate quality, and that some discussion is held in class after each assigned video to ensure comprehension of the material.

Howell, Donna

32

Academic Support by Significant Others and Educational Resilience in Mexican-Origin Ninth Grade Students From Intact Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study used dominance analysis to examine the relative importance of ninth grade, Mexican-origin adolescents' perceptions of academic support from significant others (i.e., mothers, fathers, teachers, and friends) in relation to aspects of academic success. Self-report and school record data were collected from 216 Mexican-origin adolescents living in intact families. The results revealed that teachers' academic support was the most

Scott W. Plunkett; Carolyn S. Henry; Benjamin J. Houltberg; Tovah Sands; Sandra Abarca-Mortensen

2008-01-01

33

Understanding the Impact of a Ninth-Grade Transition Program in Texas. Vignette  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ninth grade often is considered a make-or-break year in determining whether students will be successful in high school and beyond. The Texas Education Agency (TEA) created the Texas Ninth Grade Transition and Intervention Program to ease the transition of at-risk students into high school and increase the likelihood that they graduate on time and…

American Institutes for Research, 2012

2012-01-01

34

Extending a Community of Care beyond the Ninth Grade: A Follow-Up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative within-site case study ("N" = 10) is a follow-up study to a 2006-2007 investigation that analyzed how 1 high school created a community of care for its ninth-grade students through the implementation of a ninth-grade transition program--Freshman Focus. All participants were interviewed again 3 years later during…

Ellerbrock, Cheryl R.; Kiefer, Sarah M.

2013-01-01

35

A Quasi-Experimental Study of the Effects of a Student-Tutor and Parent Interaction Program on the Achievement Scores of Ninth and Tenth Grade Algebra I and General Biology Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the impact of a student-tutor and parent interaction program on the achievement scores of ninth- and tenth-grade Algebra 1 and general biology classes. Past studies have shown that student-parent interaction in academic areas can produce significant increases in achievement scores. There is, however, very little evidence of…

Kinney, James H.

36

The Ninth Grade--A Precarious Time for the Potential Dropout. ERIC Digest No. 34.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The combined effects of many social, psychological, physical and educational factors make the ninth grade a level at which students have a high potential for dropping out of school. For those ninth graders who have already experienced attendance, discipline or academic problems the risk is even greater. A number of strategies have been developed…

Ascher, Carol

37

Improving Academic Achievement through Building Self-Esteem in At-Risk Limited English Proficient Ninth Grade Haitian Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A self-esteem building program was developed and implemented to reduce the failure and potential dropout rate of limited English proficient 9th-grade Haitian students (N=15) who were enrolled in bilingual classes and were selected based on recommendations from their bilingual teachers, referrals for behavior problems, and failure in two or more…

Myrick, Gloria H.

38

Implementing Ninth Grade Academies in Broward County, Florida  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers from MDRC and Johns Hopkins University partnered with Florida's Broward County Public Schools (BCPS) in 2009 to launch an independent evaluation of the district's initiative to implement Ninth Grade Academies (NGAs) in every district high school. An NGA is a self-contained learning community for ninth-graders that operates as…

Legters, Nettie; Parise, Leigh; Rappaport, Shelley

2013-01-01

39

Collaboration In Action : the impact of a cooperative learning environment on student engagement in ninth grade English  

E-print Network

generate positive levels of engagement or motivation—theto effect positive change in student levels of motivation,positive environment promotes student commitment as well as feeds into their intrinsic motivation,

Young, Jessica Jean

2011-01-01

40

The Effects of Instruction in Generative Grammar on the Writing Ability of Students in the Ninth Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this experimental study was to determine whether instruction in generative grammar would produce better student writing. As a secondary aspect of the study, evaluation of all students was made for growth in knowledge of grammar apart from writing or other practical applications, whether the students had been instructed in generative…

Davenport, Harold Douglas

41

The Impact of Electronic Educational Technology on Ninth Grade At-Risk Reading Students: A Quantitative Investigation of Reading Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over 50% of American public school students read below average literacy levels. Recent research suggests that oral and print-based high school curriculum instruction require an infusion of electronic educational technology (EET), such as computer programs, online instruction, electronic thesaurus, and other devices, to better serve student need…

Harris, Darcel

2010-01-01

42

Creating a Family-Like Ninth-Grade Environment through Interdisciplinary Teaming  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative multisite case study examined how three high schools within one large urban district supported ninth-grade students' needs through interdisciplinary teaming. Data collected during the 2006-2007 school year included observations, interviews, and archival evidence of 67 participants. Findings suggest teacher communication as a…

Ellerbrock, Cheryl R.

2012-01-01

43

Exploring the Roles of the Generative Vocabulary Matrix and Academic Literacy Engagement of Ninth Grade Biology Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seeking to increase conceptual understanding by sustaining adolescents' engagement and interest in secondary science classrooms, an intervention, the Engagement Model of Academic Literacy for Learning (EngageALL), was designed to implement a disciplinary literacy approach and organize instruction according to characteristics of student

Larson, Sue C.

2014-01-01

44

Ninth Grade Students' Negotiation of Aesthetic, Efferent, and Critical Stances in Response to a Novel Set in Afghanistan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative, action research study was guided by two primary research questions. First, how do students negotiate aesthetic, efferent, and critical stances when reading a novel set in Afghanistan? Second, how do aesthetic and efferent stances contribute to or hinder the adoption of a critical stance? A large body of research exists that…

Taliaferro, Cheryl

2011-01-01

45

TEACHING LITERATURE AND READING SIMULTANEOUSLY, NINTH GRADE ENGLISH.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SPECIFIC STUDY MATERIALS AND A GUIDE FOR TEACHING READING COMPREHENSION AND LITERATURE ARE PRESENTED. THE STUDY MATERIALS PROVIDE FOR A WIDE RANGE OF ABILITY AND ACHIEVEMENT AND ARE APPLIED TO THE TITLES REGULARLY USED IN THE NINTH-GRADE LITERATURE PROGRAM OF THE RAMAPO CENTRAL SCHOOL DISTRICT IN SPRING VALLEY, NEW YORK. EXCERPTS FROM "THE THREAD…

KINKEAD, THOMAS; LEVINE, MILTON

46

An Evaluation of a Computer-Assisted, Remedial Algebra Curriculum on Attitudes and Performance of Ninth Grade English Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the effects of Cognitive Tutor Bridge to Algebra (CTBA), a computer-assisted, remedial Algebra I curriculum, on mathematics performance and mathematics attitudes of ninth-grade students (n = 177) including English Learners (n = 78) and Economically Disadvantaged students (n = 93). A total of 95 students participated in CTBA…

Voloshin, Dmitriy

2009-01-01

47

Tracking, Grading, and Student Motivation: Using Group Composition and Status to Predict Self-Concept and Interest in Ninth-Grade Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assigning students to different classes on the basis of their achievement levels (tracking, streaming, or ability grouping) is an extensively used strategy with widely debated consequences. The authors developed a model of the effects of tracking on self-concept and interest that integrates the opposing predictions of "assimilation" and "contrast"…

Trautwein, Ulrich; Ludtke, Oliver; Marsh, Herbert W.; Koller, Olaf; Baumert, Jurgen

2006-01-01

48

DISCUS Ninth Grade, Earth Science, Part Two.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Included are instructional materials designed for use with disadvantaged students who have a limited reading ability and poor command of English. The guide is the second volume of a two volume, one year program in earth science, and contains these five units and activities: Rock Cycle, 12 activities; Minerals and Crystals, 6 activities; Weathering…

Duval County School Board, Jacksonville, FL. Project DISCUS.

49

A Case Study of Systemic Reform to Improve Ninth Grade Advancement toward Graduation in a Multi-High School District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Too many freshmen students remain mired in the ninth grade, presenting a growing problem for America's secondary schools as they struggle to improve high school completion rates. In an effort to stem the tide of high school dropouts, a southeast Texas suburban school district with five comprehensive high schools engaged in a systemic reform effort…

Lewis, Kirk

2008-01-01

50

Increasing Respectful Behavior through Verbal/Physical Recognition and Mini-Lessons with Ninth through Twelfth Grade Students in Family and Consumer Science and Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this action research project report was to improve students' respectful behavior. A total of 80 students of the teacher researchers participated. The included 26 Fashion & Apparel 1 students, 45 Childcare & Development 1 students, and 9 World History high school students. Teacher Researchers A and B ran their study from August 23rd,…

Baker, Melissa; Paver, Jacquelyn; Zabelin, Richard

2011-01-01

51

Establishing Locus of Control among Ninth Graders: Using Peer Mentors To Reduce Student Disengagement, Absenteeism, and Failures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An intervention program was implemented to reduce absences, stimulate responsibility for assignments, and increase participation in extracurricular activities among disengaged ninth-grade students (N=18). Older students served as role models and peer mentors as they sought to establish that freshmen could control their own success or failure in…

Thompson, Josephine T.

52

Allied Health Field, Ninth Grade. Introduction to Allied Health and the Health Care Team. Operation TACT [Toward an Allied Health Career Today] Curriculum [and Teachers' Handbook].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The two-part set consists of a student handbook and a related teachers' handbook in allied health education for use at the ninth grade level. The student handbook contains nine units which focus on the science curriculum: (1) introduction, (2) weights and measures, (3) human body, (4) chemistry, (5) electricity and magnetism, (6) heat and its…

Connecticut Univ., Storrs. School of Allied Health Professions.

53

Effects of instruction in creative problem solving on cognition, creativity, and satisfaction among ninth grade students in an introduction to world agricultural science and technology course  

E-print Network

The use of Creative Problem Solving (CPS) as an instructional strategy to increase the creativity levels of students across all levels of the curriculum is currently a popular topic of investigation. Curriculum content and the underlying objectives...

Alexander, Kim Darwin

2007-09-17

54

Evolution of the Theory of the Earth: A Contextualized Approach for Teaching the History of the Theory of Plate Tectonics to Ninth Grade Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Current high school Earth Science curricula and textbooks organize scientific content into isolated “units” of knowledge. Within this structure, content is taught, but in the absence of the context of fundamental understandings or the process of how the science was actually done to reach the conclusions. These are two key facets of scientific literacy. I have developed curriculum from a historical perspective that addresses two particular units of study in Earth Science (“geologic time” and “plate tectonics”). The curriculum traces the evolution of the theory of plate tectonics. It includes contextualized experiences for students such as telling stories, utilizing original historical texts, narratives, and essential questions, to name a few. All of the strategies are utilized with the goal of building understanding around a small set of common themes. Exploring the historical models in this way allows students to analyze the models, while looking for limitations and misconceptions. This methodology is used to encourage students to develop more scientifically accurate understandings about the way in which the world and the process of scientific discovery work. Observations of high student engagement during the utilization of this contextualized approach has demonstrated that a positive effect on student understanding is promising.

Dolphin, Glenn

2009-04-01

55

The Effect of Intensive Instruction in Cue Attendance and Hypothesis Generation Upon Open Exploration Behavior of Low and High Ability Ninth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of intensive instruction (II) in either the observation of details (cue attendance - CA) or the production of tenable hypotheses (hypothesis generation - HG) about a science problem. Two questions were investigated: (1) Were there significant differences between students intensively instructed…

Wright, Emmett L.; Fowler, H. Seymour

56

FOREIGN LANGUAGE BELOW THE NINTH GRADE--WHAT ARE WE DOING.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

RESULTS ARE GIVEN OF A 1965 QUESTIONNAIRE DESIGNED TO SHOW INDIANAPOLIS FOREIGN LANGUAGE PROGRAM PRACTICES BELOW THE NINTH GRADE IN COMPARISON WITH THE PRACTICES OF 46 OTHER LARGE CITIES. QUESTIONS WERE ASKED ON (1) LANGUAGES TAUGHT, (2) LEVEL AT WHICH LANGUAGE STUDY IS BEGUN, (3) PROGRAM CONTINUITY, (4) PUPIL PARTICIPATION, (5) HOW TIME FOR…

ALLEN, EDITH M.

57

Predicting Group Membership of Ninth Grade Female Athletes in Selected Sports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to determine whether three groups of ninth-grade girls--interscholastic basketball players, interscholastic gymnasts, and nonathletes--were similar or dissimilar in seven selected motor characteristics. Only three of the seven variables (dash, stand and bob, balance test) significantly contributed to the discrimination among the…

Proctor, Andrew J.; Ruhling, Robert O.

1981-01-01

58

Impact of selected PALMS learning strategies in ninth grade science classrooms to reach NCLB science standards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the past 50 years there have been concerns about the teaching and learning of science in American schools. Furthermore, recent assessments have indicated that American students in 4th, 8th, and 12th grade levels are not performing better than their counterparts in other industrialized countries. The purpose of this study was to investigate if a change in instructional methods would improve test scores and meet the standards of the No Child Left Behind Act that requires that 95%-100% of students being tested should be proficient in the subject matter by 2014. The study used learner-centered learning strategies of PALMS (Partnerships Advancing the Learning of Mathematics and Science) inquiry-based learning, cooperative learning, and brain-based learning to instruct a group of students. PALMS was an initiative of the Massachusetts Department of Education in the effort to improve student performance in the state. The sample consisted of 161 ninth grade students enrolled in 8 physical science classes. Eighty-six students were instructed by the learner-centered learning strategies of inquiry-based learning, cooperative learning, and brain-based learning, while 75 students were instructed by the teacher-centered traditional method of instruction, which consists of lectures and direct instruction. The students who received PALMS learner-centered instruction were the treatment group while the students who received teacher-centered instruction were the control group. Analysis of the data by one way ANOVA showed that there was a significant difference between the test scores (average combined scores of selected chapters of the textbook and the district's six weeks test) of students who were instructed by learner-centered instructional methods and those who were instructed by the teacher-centered instructional methods. The learner-centered group scored higher than the teacher-centered group, although they did not improve their test scores when compared to their baseline scores before the study. Neither the treatment nor the control group had 95% of the students scoring at proficiency level. Further implications of the results are discussed.

Omotunde, Mojisola Bolanle

59

Long-term effects of four preschool programs: ninth- and tenth-grade results.  

PubMed

Follow-up of achievement test and IQ data on low-income black youths who had participated for 1 year in Bereiter-Engelmann, DARCEE, Montessori, or Traditional prekindergarten was continued through ninth and tenth grades. Stable trends persisted. Montessori males and DARCEE females were high; Montessori males were performing at about grade level on reading and math; IQs parallelled achievement test results. Additional tests of fluid intelligence, task persistence, self-esteem, divergent thinking, task approach, and aspirations and expectations were administered in ninth and tenth grades. Results from program comparisons and factor analyses were consistent with those on IQ and school achievement. The possibility of relationships between techniques used in the different preschool programs and sex differences in children's developmental level was discussed. PMID:6488964

Miller, L B; Bizzell, R P

1984-08-01

60

Exploring the efficacy of electronic response devices in ninth-grade science classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Student use of electronic response technology has been prevalent in postsecondary institutions and is beginning to penetrate K--12 classroom settings. Despite these trends, research exploring the impact of this technology in these settings has been limited. The extant research has relied heavily on survey methodologies and largely has focused on student/teacher perception or implementation practices while remaining silent on learning outcomes. The purpose of this study was to broaden the scope of research models used to explore electronic response technology and its impact on student learning. The study took place in a ninth-grade science classroom at a large high school with a comprehensive curriculum. Study participants were first-year high school students enrolled in one of two sections of the freshman science sequence focusing on Physical Science content. One section, serving as the Treatment group, used electronic response devices on a daily basis to respond to preplanned teacher questions. The other section, serving as the Comparison group, relied on traditional methods of interaction such as raising hands to respond to questions. They responded to the same set of preplanned questions and differed only in the manner of response, with the teacher asking the class and then calling on one of the students to answer. The study focused on academic achievement, as measured by student performance on a pre- and posttest, as well as student engagement, measured by momentary time sample data taken throughout the entire class with focused attention on periods of teacher questioning. The analysis of academic achievement employed an ANOVA, and no statistically significant difference was found between the groups. Engagement data were analyzed using an independent samples t test, and statistically significant differences were found between the two groups. Findings from this study indicated that, when using electronic response technology in their science classes, students demonstrated significantly higher levels of engagement across an entire class period as well as during teacher questioning. Implications of the study have been framed around the promise of electronic response technology for engaging and motivating students.

Dey, John A., Jr.

61

My Point of View: More Writing from Grade 9 Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is a collection of writing by ninth-grade students taken from the 1987 and 1988 Canadian Territorial Achievement Tests. The booklet's 70 pieces of writing include essays on education in the Northwest Territory, narratives on how the best laid plans can go wrong, humorous treatments on uses for chewing gum and the best ways to keep…

Northwest Territories Dept. of Education, Yellowknife.

62

Urban ninth-grade girls interactions with and outcomes from a design-oriented physics project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Past literature has documented a shrinking but persistent gap in physics and engineering for females, both in school and in the workforce. A commonly recommended strategy to invite girls into science at the school level is to have students work on design-projects in groups, which has been shown to increase all students' learning outcomes and attitudes towards science. Students (n=28) in a ninth-grade inner-city physics class participated in such a project, in which they built remotely operated underwater vehicles (ROV's) over the course of one month. Students (n=23) in a comparison classroom learned the same content using the Active Physics curriculum during the same time frame. Mixed methods were used to study the ROV classroom. Students in both classes were given pre- and post-physics content tests. Qualitative data collected during the project included field notes, video, and teacher interviews. Macro-level data analysis was done, which informed further micro-analysis. Macro-analysis revealed significantly higher learning outcomes for the ROV class than for the non-ROV class. Within the ROV class, girls, and in particular, girls in female-majority groups had increased learning outcomes and high levels of interest and engagement with the project, while girls in mixed-sex and male-majority groups did not. Qualitative macro-analysis revealed that in all of the female-majority groups, females took leadership roles within the groups, while in all of the non female-majority groups, males took leadership roles. The only groups in which girls completely disengaged from the project were mixed-sex or male majority groups. Case studies and cross case analysis suggested that girls foregrounded group process over product, and used the level of group unity as a metric of the groups' success. Groups led by girls were more cooperative and exhibited distributed leadership and participation. These findings were interpreted through lenses of expectation states theory and social interdependence theory. This study suggests that the commonly recommended non-sexist strategy of using hands-on group work can be positive, but should be undertaken with conscious attention to group dynamics.

Higginbotham, Thomas Eric Miksad

63

Student Grade History System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes the computerized procedures developed and utilized by Montgomery College (Maryland) to maintain records related to student academic progress. The new system was fully operable by fall 1972. Systems development included: (1) the conversion of past student records to a permanent grade history file; (2) the development of a…

White, Stephen R.

64

The Delphi Technique in Identifying Learning Objectives for the Development of Science, Technology and Society Modules for Palestinian Ninth Grade Science Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article outlines how learning objectives based upon science, technology and society (STS) elements for Palestinian ninth grade science textbooks were identified, which was part of a bigger study to establish an STS foundation in the ninth grade science curriculum in Palestine. First, an initial list of STS elements was determined. Second,…

Abualrob, Marwan M. A.; Daniel, Esther Gnanamalar Sarojini

2013-01-01

65

The Impact of Homework and Homework Preferences in Ninth Grade Geography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study measured the impact of homework and student homework preferences on the learning of 9th grade geography students of average and below average reading levels. Quiz averages were compared between two student groups that had alternating periods of exogenous manipulation, where one group was assigned homework while the alternate group was…

Schuster, Nicholas C.

2009-01-01

66

Middle-Grade Predictors of Students’ Motivation and Behavior in High School  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated students’ school context, motivation, and behavior across the transition to high school. During the final marking period of 7th and 9th grades, students completed questionnaires assessing their academic self-concept and perceptions of the motivational context created by teachers, peers, and their economic opportunity structure. Achievement and discipline data were also collected at both time points. Ninth graders

Tamera B. Murdock; Lynley H. Anderman; Sheryl A. Hodge

2000-01-01

67

Ninth Grade "Microcomputing and Document Processing." Curriculum Guide for Improvement of Instruction in Business Subjects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the information required to deliver a 1-semester course in microcomputing and document processing that is designed for students in grade 9. The document begins with a course rationale, brief course description, list of course objectives, and list of 14 teaching strategies and suggestions for business educators to use to…

Edwards, Denechia; Morley, Madonna; Potter, Derek; Stapleton, Jennifer

68

Intercultural and Religious Sensitivity of Finnish Lutheran 7 th - 9th Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study presented a 29-item Intercultural and Religious Sensitivity Scale Questionnaire (IRSSQ) that is based on the Bennett's (1993) Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS). Psychometric properties of the IRSS were tested with an empirical sample of 249 seventh, eighth and ninth grade students of the Finnish comp rehensive school attending Lutheran religious education. Two research questions were examined: 1)

Kristiina Holm; Petri Nokelainen; Kirsi Tirri

69

Evaluation of an Energy Conservation Program for 9th Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Energy Challenge is an environmental education program that is administered to ninth grade students in the public schools of a small Midwestern city in the United States. The program is sponsored and administered by the two local electric utilities, and it has been going on for seven years. To determine the effectiveness of the program, a…

Osbaldiston, Richard; Schmitz, Hannah

2011-01-01

70

The Effects of a Reader's Theater Instructional Intervention on Second Grade Students' Reading Fluency and Comprehension Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An estimated 75% of students who are poor readers in third grade continue to be lower achieving readers in ninth grade. The National Reading Panel has identified fluency as a prominent cause of reading comprehension problems which ultimately affect overall reading development. The purpose of this study was to test the theoretical framework of…

Johnson, Diane D.

2011-01-01

71

Alternatives to Grading Student Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The result of an investigation into the grading writing by the National Council of Teachers of English Committee on Alternatives to Grading Student Writing, this collection of essays offers the writing teacher several innovative and interesting options. Following an introduction by the editor (chair of the Committee), in which he delineates the…

Tchudi, Stephen, Ed.

72

Grading student programs - a software testing approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an experience of automating the grading of student programs. A testing framework provides guidance for developing the assignment specification and the grading program. Automation saves time and improves grading consistency and feedback to students. After an adjustment period, student programs improved. Although the instructor invests more time writing a testable assignment specification and developing the grading program,

Edward L. Jones

2000-01-01

73

Water: How Good is Good Enough? Student Book. Science Module (9th-10th Grade Chemistry). Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This learning module is designed to integrate environmental education into ninth- and tenth-grade chemistry classes. This module and a companion social studies module were pilot tested in Gwinnett County, Georgia in classes of students, many of whom had learning disabilities. It emphasizes activity learning. The module is divided into four parts.…

Georgia Univ., Athens. Coll. of Education.

74

Dating Norms and Dating Violence among Ninth Graders in Northeast Georgia: Reports from Student Surveys and Focus Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed-methods study describes the norms supporting male-to-female and female-to-male dating violence in a diverse sample of ninth graders. The quantitative study, based on student surveys (n = 624), compared norms supporting dating violence by sex, race/ethnicity, and dating status, and it examined the relation between dating violence norms…

Reeves, Patricia M.; Orpinas, Pamela

2012-01-01

75

The Use of Ninth-Grade Early Warning Indicators to Improve Chicago Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chicago has been in the forefront of the country in its use of 9th-grade indicators of dropout. Catalyzed by the development of the freshman on-track indicator and research around it, Chicago school administrators, central office personnel, and external partners have developed a number of mechanisms using 9th-grade indicators to stimulate school…

Allensworth, Elaine

2013-01-01

76

Patterns in Tie-Dye and Batik from West Africa. An Instructional Unit for Eighth and Ninth Grade Art.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the premise that familiarity with art forms of other cultures can broaden students' cultural understandings, the teaching guide presents instructions for creating two West African art forms--batik and tie-dye. The unit is intended as the basis of a three and one-half week minicourse for students in art courses in grades eight and nine.…

Spangler, Leandra

77

The Effect of Concept Mazes in a Ninth Grade Language Arts Classroom. Technical Report # 20  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effectively teaching low-achieving and learning disabled students is challenging. Concept-based instruction is recognized as a particularly effective technique for helping students in these populations attain high levels of achievement (Tindal, Nolet, & Blake, 1992). The maze (a reading selection where certain words have been deleted and students

Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald

2003-01-01

78

Supporting Young Adolescents' Middle-to-High-School Transition by Creating a Ninth Grade Community of Care: Implications for Middle Grades Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The middle-to-high-school transition and the first year of high school are critical periods in students' lives. According to the Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), "The passage of students from the middle grades to high school is the most difficult transition point in education" (2002, p. 24). Although there are many…

Ellerbrock, Cheryl R.; Kiefer, Sarah M.

2014-01-01

79

Grades and student evaluations of teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding the relationship between grading practices and student evaluations is especially important in higher education because of the increasing importance of this instrument in the promotion process. If evaluations can be increased by giving higher grades, then they are a flawed instrument for the evaluation of teaching. Further, this process may be contributing to the inflation of grades in higher

Anthony C. Krautmann; William Sander

1999-01-01

80

College Course Grades for Dual Enrollment Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared college course grade outcomes, both during and after high school, of dual-enrollment students to those of traditional students. The study was based on a large, multiyear sample of Iowa high school and community college students. The results showed that while in high school, dual-enrollment students consistently outperformed…

Crouse, Jill D.; Allen, Jeff

2014-01-01

81

Student perception of academic grading: Personality, academic orientation, and effort  

Microsoft Academic Search

Factors influencing student perceptions of academic grading were examined, with an emphasis on furthering understanding of the relevance of effort to students’ conceptualization of grading. Students demonstrated a conceptualization of grading where effort should be weighted comparably to actual performance in importance to the composition of a grade, with the expectation that grade allocation should reflect this perception. Students suggested

Gregory K. Tippin; Kathryn D. Lafreniere; Stewart Page

2012-01-01

82

Student Evaluations of Faculty Grading Methods.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys of business students who completed written problems (n=56) and those who wrote essays (n=249) were analyzed. Two major complaints about grading were lack of fairness and too little feedback. Ways to address these complaints were suggested. (SK)

Holmes, Linda E.; Smith, Lois J.

2003-01-01

83

An Investigation of Students' Views about Enzymes by Fortune Lines Technique  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to investigate ninth grade students' views about enzymes using fortune lines technique and to obtain the students' views about fortune lines technique. Participants were 38 ninth grade students in a Technique Vocational Girls High School in the city of Kocaeli, Turkey. After instruction of subject of enzymes, the…

Özarslan, Murat; Çetin, Gülcan

2014-01-01

84

Negotiating new literacies in science: An examination of at-risk and average-achieving ninth-grade readers' online reading comprehension strategies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In today's digital world the Internet is becoming an increasingly predominant resource for science information, rapidly eclipsing the traditional science textbook in content area classrooms (Lawless & Schrader, 2008). The shift challenges researchers, educators, administrators, and policy makers to reconsider what it means to read and comprehend online science information. The research on digital literacy is still in its infancy and little is known about the strategies and processes students use when reading science content on the Internet. Even less is known about how at-risk readers comprehend digital science content. Therefore, this study addresses three research questions: (1) What strategies and processes do at-risk and average-achieving readers use as they locate information and generate meaning from science websites? (2) What navigational profiles emerge as at-risk and average-achieving readers construct traversals (unique online paths of information) they locate information and generate meaning from science websites? (3) What individual characteristics influenced students' strategies as they locate information and generate meaning from science websites? Participants were six ninth-grade students in general education biology classrooms. Three were average-achieving readers and three were at-risk readers based on assessments of reading comprehension in traditional print-based texts. The students engaged in a three-day research project about the rainforest biome, locating information online, taking notes, and constructing an information brochure about the rainforest for peers. Data measures prior to and during the research included an Internet use survey, verbal protocols, screen captures of online activity, oral reading fluency assessments, and prior knowledge and topic engagement surveys. Quantitative descriptive and univariate analyses as well as qualitative abductive coding were employed over multiple phases to analyze the data. First, the results suggest that students employed a variety of online reading comprehension strategies in complex and dynamic ways. Among the many strategies revealed, the group of self-regulatory strategies (planning, predicting, monitoring, and evaluating) played a significant role, influencing students' use of all other strategies for locating and generating meaning from science websites. Second, the results also suggested that patterns of strategy use could be examined as unique navigational profiles. Rather than remaining fixed, the navigational profiles of each student altered in response to tasks and research methods. Importantly, all at-risk readers revealed more effective navigational profiles on Day 3 when they were forced by design of the task to attend to project goals and employ more self-regulatory strategies. Third, the results revealed that traditional reading comprehension strategies and prior knowledge of the rainforest also influenced online reading comprehension. Specifically, the at-risk readers with the lowest reading comprehension, oral reading fluency, and prior knowledge scores were more likely than the average-achieving readers to encounter issues in online texts that resulted in constructing ineffective traversals, or online reading paths, and spending significant time investing in online reading that was irrelevant to the research project. Ultimately, this study advanced the understanding about online reading comprehension for average-achieving and at-risk readers in science classrooms, contributing to a gap in the research, suggesting implications for practice, and promoting future research questions.

Sevensma, Kara

85

Effects of Cooperative Learning on Students' Understanding of Metallic Bonding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study focused on investigating the effectiveness of instruction via newly developed teaching materials based on cooperative learning when compared to a traditional approach, on ninth grade students' understanding of metallic bonding. Fifty-seven ninth grade science students from two science classes in the same high school participated…

Acar, Burcin; Tarhan, Leman

2008-01-01

86

Developing Middle Grades Students' MP3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Middle grades are a critical time for capturing the interest and imagination and developing the potential of mathematically promising students. This is a time for students to make sense of mathematics, build a solid foundation and enthusiasm, and set the course for the highest levels of mathematics in the future. This is a time to explore their…

Tassell, Janet; Stobaugh, Rebecca; Sheffield, Linda

2011-01-01

87

Comprehension Strategy Use During Peer-Led Discussions of Text: Ninth Graders Tackle "The Lottery"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports and discusses the findings of an initial inquiry into secondary school students' comprehension strategy use during small-group, peer-led discussions of literary text. One classroom of ninth-grade English students in the midwestern United States participated in the inquiry. Data consisted of the verbatim transcripts of four…

Berne, Jennifer I.; Clark, Kathleen F.

2006-01-01

88

Civics for ESOL Students, Grade 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum guide for grade 9 civics instruction for students of English as a second language (ESOL) contains, in outline form, civics behavioral objectives and instructional units. Units of instruction cover American symbols, politicians, colonial Americans, principles of government, the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution,…

Harrison, John S.

89

Osteoporosis Risk Factors in Eighth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents findings from food frequency questionnaires and surveys of 138 Midwestern eighth-grade student-parent pairs. The study examined the incidence of modifiable and nonmodifiable osteoporosis risk factors and compared gender differences. Data analysis indicated that many adolescents possessed several modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors…

Lysen, Victoria C.; Walker, Robert

1997-01-01

90

Assessing Junior High Students' Understanding of Density and Solubility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three density questions were administered to 290 ninth-grade students to assess their understanding of this concept. Found two-thirds of students understand displacement and/or density concepts. Three solubility questions were administered to 385 ninth-graders to assess understandings of solubility. Found students have difficulty with some aspects…

Gennaro, Eugene D.

1981-01-01

91

On-Demand Grades: The Effect of Online Grade Book Access on Student Mastery and Performance Goal Orientations, Grade Orientation, Academic Self Efficacy, and Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the widespread growth of broadband Internet access, teachers, and in many cases, schools and school districts are transitioning from traditional paper-based grade books to student accessible online (Web-based) grade books. Online grade books offer students 24/7, on demand access to grades and various other student data, and have the potential…

Seldow, Adam Lowell

2010-01-01

92

Retaining Students in Grade: Consequences for Florida. Policy Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eliminating social promotion, retaining students in grade, and using proficiency standards to determine students' progress through grades was intended to make schools accountable and increase academic achievement. Research evidence demonstrates that grade retention does not improve achievement and may increase the chances of a student dropping out…

Smith, Mary Lee

2004-01-01

93

Effects of Readers Theatre on fluency, content mastery, motivation and gender with 9th grade biology students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study determined the effects of Readers Theatre when used with ninth grade biology students. The independent variable was the intervention of Readers Theatre and the dependent variables were fluency (reading rate and prosody), composite (vocabulary and content) science scores and student motivation, using both quantitative and qualitative research methods. This study also examined the outcomes by gender, but only in the outcome variable of science composite score. An exploratory analysis examined class type (college preparatory and general) and PSSA reading level (below basic, basic, proficient and advanced) for each dependent variable. Four ninth grade college preparatory biology classrooms and three general biology classes participated. The students involved are from a suburban school district located in the eastern portion of Pennsylvania. Outcomes were analyzed separately by using an ANCOVA. Posttest scores were the dependent variable and pretest scores were the covariate. Using qualitative methodology, participants' questionnaire responses were analyzed to supplement quantitative results and to explore trends in motivation. Significant increases were found in words per minute and prosody in the area of prosody, general classes benefited to a larger extent than college preparatory classes. No significance was found in science composite, vocabulary or content test scores. Indications from students and teachers questionnaires were that Readers Theatre is a motivational technique. In this study, Readers Theater was proven to increase both fluency and prosody, while being motivating to the biology students.

Purdy, Jill E.

94

Dating norms and dating violence among ninth graders in Northeast Georgia: reports from student surveys and focus groups.  

PubMed

This mixed-methods study describes the norms supporting male-to-female and female-to-male dating violence in a diverse sample of ninth graders. The quantitative study, based on student surveys (n = 624), compared norms supporting dating violence by sex, race/ethnicity, and dating status, and it examined the relation between dating violence norms and physical aggression and victimization. The qualitative study, based on 12 focus groups, explored participants' views of dating aggression. Findings revealed more support for female-to-male aggression, greater acceptance of norms supporting dating violence by non-White students, a strong association between norms and physical aggression but only in males, and a high correlation between victimization and perpetration. Participants rejected male-to-female dating aggression because of peer pressure not to hit girls, parents' beliefs that denounce dating violence, the superior physical advantage of boys over girls, and legal consequences. Results highlight the importance of culturally sensitive and gender-specific interventions. PMID:22203621

Reeves, Patricia M; Orpinas, Pamela

2012-06-01

95

Patterns of Student Drug Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A description of the socio-demographic characteristics associated with student drug use is discussed. Findings indicate that while drug usage began to increase in the seventh grade, substantial increases occurred after this grade level. For all substances, drug use peaked in the ninth or tenth grade with dramatic decreases in the twelfth grade.…

Galli, Nicholas

1974-01-01

96

Do Students' Grades in High School Biology Accurately Predict Their Grades in College Biology?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors analyzed how students' grades in high school biology courses are associated with their predicted and actual grades in college courses. The results of the study revealed a disconnect between high school and college biology courses. High school students are not well-served by high grades in high school courses that are not…

Jensen, Philip A.; Moore, Randy

2008-01-01

97

Implications of the Effects of Grade Configurations on Fifth Grade Students' Science Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine if grade level configuration and student achievement in science, specifically fifth grade Science TAKS scores are related. This study utilized a causal comparative (ex post facto) design to determine if a consistent relationship existed between fifth grade students' success on the science TAKS at the…

Johnson, Delonda

2011-01-01

98

Grade Level Retention of Texas Students, 1996-97 Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report looks at student retention in Texas over a 4-year period, beginning with the 1993-94 school year. Grade-level retention is typically defined as having a student repeat an unsuccessful grade or holding back a child not developmentally ready to enter school. The information is analyzed by grade, ethnicity, and gender, as well as other…

Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Research and Evaluation.

99

Student Achievement in Multigrade and Single Grade Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Finds that, among 418 students in 8 New Brunswick (Canada) elementary schools, students in multigrade classes and matched peers in single grades 1-5 did not differ significantly in grade points or total achievement test scores. Reports that 27 of 34 teachers surveyed preferred teaching single grade classes. (SV)

Brown, Kenneth G.; Martin, Andrew B.

1989-01-01

100

Students' Behaviors, Grades & Perceptions in an Introductory Biology Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students enter college exceedingly confident that they will earn high grades and engage themselves fully in their courses. However, students' grades and academic behaviors often do not match their expectations. This is especially true in introductory science courses, where grades and academic engagement are often low, even in courses taught by…

Jensen, Philip A.; Moore, Randy

2008-01-01

101

How Does Social Background Affect the Grades and Grade Careers of Norwegian Economics Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article examines how social background characteristics affect the academic achievement and grade careers of Norwegian economics students. The analyses show that the parents' social class is of great importance for the offspring's grades. Students with parents who are academics perform better than their fellow students of working-class…

Helland, Havard

2007-01-01

102

Eighth Grade Indicators of Successful Transition to High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between 8th grade student data and the level of student success at the end of the ninth grade year. The theoretical framework for this study was based on the Meleis (1986) Transition Theory and it was a mixed methodology research study that employed both qualitative and quantitative…

Ormseth, Bethany

2010-01-01

103

Seventh grade students' conceptions of global warming and climate change  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate seventh grade students' conceptions of global warming and climate change. The study was descriptive in nature and involved the collection of qualitative data from 91 seventh grade students from three different schools in the Midwest, USA. An open response and draw and explain assessment instrument was administered to students. These data were

Daniel P. Shepardson; Dev Niyogi; Soyoung Choi; Umarporn Charusombat

2009-01-01

104

Investigation of Fifth Grade Students' Mathematical Calibration Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to develop a scale to measure fifth grade students' mathematical calibration skills. Besides, it aims to determine students' calibration skills through this scale. Results of the study revealed that fifth-grade students (n = 94) enrolling to study, have a medium-high level of (M = 55.12, SD = 21.76) mathematical…

Ozsoy, Gokhan

2012-01-01

105

Teacher Effects on Minority and Disadvantaged Students' Grade 4 Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined the differential effects of teachers on female, minority, and low-socioeconomic status (SES) students' achievement in Grade 4. They used data from a randomized experiment (Project STAR) and its follow-up study (LBS). Student outcomes included Grade 4 SAT scores in mathematics, reading, and science and student demographics…

Konstantopoulos, Spyros; Chung, Vicki

2011-01-01

106

Concept mapping and science achievement of middle-grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to examine the effects of concept mapping on science achievement of middle grade science students. Concept mapping is a graphic display of concepts and the relationships or links among them. A concept map represents the students' understanding of a body of knowledge. The subjects were one hundred eighty-two eighth grade students, distributed into eight intact earth

Donald Snead

2000-01-01

107

Introduction to Vocations: Career Exploration Curriculum Guides for Ninth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These career exploration curriculum guides are designed to provide infusion activities for entry-level academic courses at the high school level. Guides are provided for the areas of art, English, foreign language, mathematics, biological science, physical science, and social studies. Each guide is related to an occupational cluster and specific…

Morgan, Bruce; And Others

108

Predictors of Risk for Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Ninth Grade Urban High School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined risk factors associated with acquisition of sexually transmitted diseases (STD) among adolescents. Found that demographic factors were associated with being sexually experienced, but few demographics were associated with specific STD-related risk behaviors. Knowledge was not associated with any risk behaviors. Use of alcohol and drugs was…

Boyer, Cherrie B.; Tschann, Jeanne M.; Shafer, Mary-Ann

1999-01-01

109

Making the Grade: Understanding Learning and Grade Orientations of First-Year Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

First-year undergraduate students enter college with varying expectations, motivations, and goals and are being bombarded with messages about the importance of grades, sometimes to the detriment of learning. This descriptive, cross-sectional study employs LOGO II to describe the learning and grade orientations of first-year students and identify…

Purcell, Jennifer M.

2009-01-01

110

SCIENCE TEACHING METHODS PREFERRED BY GRADE 9 STUDENTS IN FINLAND  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students find science relevant to society, but they do not find school science interesting. This survey study analyzes Finnish\\u000a grade 9 students’ actual experiences with science teaching methods and their preferences for how they would like to study\\u000a science. The survey data were collected from 3,626 grade 9 students (1,772 girls and 1,832 boys) across randomly sampled secondary\\u000a schools. Students

Kalle Juuti; Jari Lavonen; Anna Uitto; Reijo Byman; Veijo Meisalo

2010-01-01

111

Fifth Grade Elementary Students' Conceptions of Earthquakes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study intends to investigate the fifth grade students' conceptions of earthquakes. Twenty two grade 5 students (11-12 years old) from five different elementary schools in Istanbul voluntarily participated in the study. Data were collected from semi-structured interviews with each participant. Six interview questions were designed by…

Savasci, Funda; Uluduz, Hatice

2013-01-01

112

Omani Twelfth Grade Students' Most Common Misconceptions in Chemistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study, undertaken in the Sultanate of Oman, explored twelfth grade students' common misconceptions in seven chemistry conceptual areas. The sample included 786 twelfth grade students in Oman while the instrument was a two-tier test called Chemistry Misconceptions Diagnostic Test (CMDT), consisting of 25 items with 12 items…

Al-Balushi, Sulaiman M.; Ambusaidi, Abdullah K.; Al-Shuaili, Ali H.; Taylor, Neil

2012-01-01

113

Students' Distress over Grades: Entitlement or a Coping Response?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Faculties across disciplines have noted an increasing number of students who are highly distressed over grades, and this distress is accompanied by pervasive demands on professors. The student behavior takes several forms, including demands for higher grades, expectations of special accommodations by faculty, and the predictions of dire outcomes…

Baer, Judith C.

2011-01-01

114

Grade Level Retention of Texas Students. 1994-95 Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Texas Education Code requires the Texas Education Agency to submit a comprehensive biennial report on the number of students retained in grade level in the Texas public school system. This report presents a summary of the literature on the effects of grade level retention on the academic, social, and psychological development of students,…

Texas Education Agency, Austin.

115

Grades and college students' evaluations of their courses and teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

From a review of existing research, it is concluded that college students' anticipated or actual grades in class are positively related to their evaluation of their courses and teachers. In general, the size of the association is small but not unimportant. A student's overall grade-point average appears to have little or no relationship to teacher or course evaluation, although limited

Kenneth A. Feldman

1976-01-01

116

Effective Teaching and Student Independence at Grade 12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated how five Australian teachers, who were considered to be exemplary in helping students develop independence, influenced and guided their students to extremely high grades in 12th grade. Teachers were observed teaching a lesson and then interviewed. The interviews asked them to identify successful outcomes of the lesson and…

Ayres, Paul; Sawyer, Wayne; Dinham, Steve

117

Michigan Educational Assessment Program Student Assessment Booklets for Career Development. Test Number 31, Grade 4. Test Number 61, Grade 7. Test Number 62, Grade 7. Test Number 91, Grade 10. Test Number 92, Grade 10. Test Number 93, Grade 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of the career development curriculum materials for Michigan schools, this packet contains six sample student assessment test booklets. One of the test booklets provided is for grade 4; two are for grade 7; three are for grade 10. The booklets assess students' progress in meeting the state's essential performance objectives for career…

Michigan State Board of Education, Lansing.

118

Self-Perceived Levels of Responsibility in Seventh Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, conducted at Churchill Junior High School in Royal Oak, Michigan, examined the effectiveness of the Student Responsibility Profile (SRP)and investigated the attitudes of eighth grade students and teachers toward the SRP. The profile allows staff members to evaluate student responsibility performance in 10 areas and allows students to…

Martello, Chris

119

The Social Perceptions And Attitudes Held By African American Males Who Participated In A Self-Contained Special Education Middle School Program For Three Years And Dropped Out Of High School After The Ninth Grade  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000aTHE SOCIAL PERCEPTIONS AND ATTITUDES HELD BY AFRICAN AMERICAN MALES WHO PARTICIPATED IN A SELF-CONTAINED SPECIAL EDUCATION MIDDLE SCHOOL PROGRAM FOR THREE YEARS AND DROPPED OUT OF HIGH SCHOOL AFTER THE NINTH GRADE\\u000aby\\u000aSHERRELL HOBBS\\u000aDecember 2010\\u000aAdvisor: Dr. Marshall Zumberg\\u000aMajor: Special Education\\u000aDegree: Doctor of philosophy\\u000aThere are two parts to socialization, informal and formal. In the

Sherrell Linnette Hobbs

2010-01-01

120

Minicourses for Deaf Students in the Intermediate Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A minicourse program with students from grades four through eight at the Oregon State School for the Deaf has been rewarding for teachers and students by serving to develop skills in immediate practical areas of the student's experience as well as in developing recreational skills and interests in such activities as chess, mime, and karate, and…

Anderson, Peter E.; Shepard, Charlotte H.

1977-01-01

121

Creating Sacred Places for Students in Grades 9-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide attempts to help teachers of American Indian students in grades 9-12 provide a culturally relevant education that takes place in the regular classroom, includes content related to Indian students' lives, makes students proud, expands to other experiences, and enhances learning. Creating sacred places means responding appropriately to…

Fox, Sandra J.

122

Creating Sacred Places for Students in Grades 7&8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide attempts to help teachers of American Indian students in grades 7-8 provide a culturally relevant education that takes place in the regular classroom, includes content related to Indian students' lives, makes students proud, expands to other experiences, and enhances learning. Creating sacred places means responding appropriately to…

Fox, Sandra J.

123

Seventh Grade Students' Mental Models of the Greenhouse Effect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This constructivist study investigates 225 student drawings and explanations from three different schools in the midwest in the US, to identify seventh grade students' mental models of the greenhouse effect. Five distinct mental models were derived from an inductive analysis of the content of the students' drawings and explanations: Model 1, a…

Shepardson, Daniel P.; Choi, Soyoung; Niyogi, Dev; Charusombat, Umarporn

2011-01-01

124

Early identification of future medical students using initial undergraduate grades.  

PubMed

This study assessed whether overall academic performance in undergraduate medical coursework can be predicted with reasonable accuracy by using grades from initial college-level courses rather than total premedical grade point averages (GPAs). Initial college grades from four areas, MCAT scores, and NBME I and II scores were recorded for students admitted to the University of Washington Medical School, for students admitted to other medical schools, and for students not admitted to any medical school. The results documented a high relationship between cumulative GPAs and initial grades, with differences found between those students admitted to medical school and those not admitted. The importance of this study is the documentation that little predictive utility is gained by waiting for overall college GPAs from medical school applicants. Initial GPAs are available 2 years earlier than overall GPAs and provide virtually the same information. Exploratory suggestions for medical school admission policies are made. PMID:3205189

Scott, C S; Greig, L M; Brock, D M; Hunt, D D; Shaad, D C; Carline, J D

1988-09-01

125

Students' Perceptions of and Satisfaction with Group Grades and the Group Experience in the College Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Measured college students' perceptions of group grades and satisfaction. Found that the less group grade experience a student has, the more likely they are to agree that everyone deserves the same grade; students who work part-time are more likely to think that a group grade is a fair assessment than students who work full-time; and older students

Barfield, Rufus L.

2003-01-01

126

Comparison between teacher grading and student self-grading in different modules of agronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The adaptation of the Universities to European Higher Education Area (EHEA) involves changes in the learning system. Students must obtain specific capabilities in the different degrees or masters. For example, in the degree of Agronomy at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (Spain), they must command mathematics, English informatics or crop production. Moreover, students must attain personal skills such as leadership, team work, a critical spirit and a social, environmental and ethical commitment with the environment and the society. A way to evaluate the critical spirit of the students is to compare the grade obtained in a specific module with the grade that the students think he should get. The aim of this work is to evaluate the differences between teacher and student grading in different subjects related to soil science in different degrees and masters courses at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid.

Méndez, A.; Paz-Ferreiro, J.; Guerrero, F.; Gascó, J. M.; Saá, A.; Tarquis, A. M.; Gascó, G.

2012-04-01

127

Perceptions of Leadership and Student Performance in Science From Campus Leaders in Selected High Schools  

E-print Network

This naturalistic study focused on the perceptions of leadership and student performance in science from campus leaders in three purposefully selected secondary campuses of ninth through twelfth grades. Each school had experienced an improvement...

Wilder, Sharon

2010-07-14

128

Change in Peer Ability as a Mediator and Moderator of the Effect of the Algebra-For-All Policy on Ninth Graders' Math Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A recent report by the Mathematics Advisory Panel referred to algebra as a "gateway" to later achievement (National Mathematics Advisory Panel, 2008). To address the problem of low academic performance in algebra, an increasing number of states and districts have started to implement a policy of requiring algebra for all students in ninth-grade or…

Hong, Guanglei; Nomi, Takako

2011-01-01

129

Arthurian Legends and the Medieval Period for Grade 9 Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discouraged and dissatisfied with their students' responses to a compilation of Arthurian legends, two ninth-grade teachers developed an approach to teaching the legends that exposes students to numerous versions (including those written and illustrated for children) of the legends and allows them to pick their own Arthurian legend for reading and…

Budd, Kelly; Alexander, Jayne

130

Caution: Hazardous Grade. Publication Number 90.26.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition to high school is a crucial time in a student's academic career. This summary is presented as a caution to students, parents, teachers, administrators, and the public to warn of some of the hazards of the transition year (grade nine). In 1989-90, ninth-graders in the Austin (Texas) Independent School District had the lowest…

Paredes, Vicente

131

Implementing Guided Reading Strategies with Kindergarten and First Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the action research project report, the teacher researchers found that many kindergarten and first-grade students did not have the reading readiness skills to be reading at their benchmark target. The purpose of the project was to improve the students overall reading ability. The dates of the project began on September 8 through December 20,…

Abbott, Lindsey; Dornbush, Abby; Giddings, Anne; Thomas, Jennifer

2012-01-01

132

A CURRICULUM FOR ENGLISH, STUDENT PACKET, GRADE 12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE LITERATURE PROGRAM OF THE GRADE 12 STUDENT PACKET OF THE NEBRASKA ENGLISH CURRICULUM CONSISTS OF A SELECTIVE SURVEY OF ENGLISH LITERATURE FROM THE RENAISSANCE TO THE 20TH CENTURY. IT BEGINS WITH A UNIT ON SHAKESPEAREAN TRAGEDY IN WHICH STUDENTS READ REVENGE TRAGEDIES--SENECA'S "THYESTES" AND KYD'S "THE SPANISH TRAGEDY"--AS PREPARATION FOR THE…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.

133

A CURRICULUM FOR ENGLISH, STUDENT PACKET, GRADE 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE FIRST UNIT OF THE STUDENT PACKET FOR GRADE NINE OF THE NEBRASKA ENGLISH CURRICULUM IS A STUDY OF THE RELATIONSHIPS WHICH EXIST BETWEEN AUTHOR AND AUDIENCE, AND AN EXAMINATION OF THE EPIGRAM, LIMERICK, PARABLE, FABLE, AND ODE. WITH THIS BACKGROUND, STUDENTS CONSIDER "ON AVARICE" AND "ANIMAL FARM" AS EXAMPLES OF FORMAL AND MENIPPEAN SATIRE,…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.

134

A CURRICULUM FOR ENGLISH, STUDENT PACKET, GRADE 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE 11TH-GRADE COURSE OF STUDY IN AMERICAN LITERATURE PRESENTED IN THE STUDENT PACKET FOR THE NEBRASKA ENGLISH CURRICULUM BEGINS WITH A UNIT ENTITLED "INDIVIDUALISM AND IDEALISM" IN WHICH STUDENTS ANALYZE SPIRITUAL AUTOBIOGRAPHIES BY EMERSON, THOREAU, WHITMAN, AND DICKINSON. NEXT, THE THEME OF SIN AND LONELINESS AS IT LIMITS INDIVIDUALISM IS…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.

135

Warning: A Grade 7 Student Disrupts Narrative Boundaries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article features a case study of the written and illustrative text produced by one Grade 7 student, Stefinia, and discusses the metaleptic transgressions evident in the book she created as the culminating activity of a research project. Stefinia was a participant in a classroom-based study that explored how developing students’ knowledge of literary and illustrative elements affects their understanding,

Sylvia Pantaleo

2011-01-01

136

Student Response to Grading Incentives: Evidence from College Economics Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to provide evidence on the response of various student types to the use of simple grading incentives. The results show that while the majority of students expend the effort to complete an assignment for credit, this response is not uniform. Using data from six semesters of college Economics classes, the study demonstrates that…

Chulkov, Dmitriy V.

2006-01-01

137

A CURRICULUM FOR ENGLISH, STUDENT PACKET, GRADE 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE SEVENTH-GRADE STUDENT PACKET, PRODUCED BY THE NEBRASKA CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTER, BEGINS WITH THE UNIT ENTITLED "THE MAKING OF STORIES" IN WHICH STUDENTS CONSIDER WRITERS' AUDIENCES AND METHODS OF COMPOSITION AND PRESENTATION. SUCH MATERIAL AS "A CHRISTMAS CAROL" AND SELECTIONS FROM "THE ODYSSEY,""BEOWULF,""HYMN TO HERMES," AND GRIMM'S…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.

138

Increasing Reading Ability among First and Third Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was designed to increase the reading abilities of students in the targeted first and third grade classes in two elementary schools located in the Midwest. The study involved an action research project highlighting the overall growth of the students' academic achievement through increased reading growth. The study was…

Commare, Colleen C.; Sedlack, Sarah E.

139

Acquired Levels of Geographical Concepts among 5th Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this research, the geographical concepts that are recommended to be taught for primary school fifth grade students are analyzed. Three of these concepts are in developmental level whereas eight of them are in consolidation level. Of the three geographical concepts which it is recommended the students acquire at a developmental level, it was…

Balci, Ali

2010-01-01

140

Improving Music Reading Skills among Second Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project describes a program designed to improve the music reading abilities of second grade children. The intention is to discover the best possible method of teaching students basic rhythmic and melodic skills. When combined, these skills will not only increase students' understanding of the language of music, but will also increase…

Kinate, Joanna

141

Intermediate-Grade Students' Sensitivity to Macrostructure Intrusions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates students' sensitivity to compare/contrast, description, enumeration, and sequence text structures using an error-detection paradigm. Finds that task (oral recall and recognition), text structure, and grade level differentially affect students' sensitivity to the four text structures. (RS)

Smith, Therese F.; Hahn, Amos L.

1989-01-01

142

Designing an Environment for Annotating and Grading Student Assignments  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of software tools are available to annotate documents with digital ink. However, they only partly solve the problem of annotating and grading student assignments, this task requires digital annotation capabilities, recognition of digital ink and support for workflow practices. We are particularly interested in marking student programming assignments. Programs differ from essays and reports in that they: often

Beryl Plimmer; Paul Mason

143

Gender Differences in Inference Generation by Fourth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine if there are gender differences among elementary school-aged students in regard to the inferences they generate during reading. Fourth-grade students (130 females; 126 males) completed think-aloud tasks while reading one practice and one experimental narrative text. Females generated a larger number and a…

Clinton, Virginia; Seipel, Ben; Broek, Paul; McMaster, Kristen L.; Kendeou, Panayiota; Carlson, Sarah E.; Rapp, David N.

2014-01-01

144

FOURTH-GRADE STUDENTS' PERFORMANCE ON GRAPHICAL LANGUAGES IN MATHEMATICS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the performance of 217 fourth-grade students (9 or 10 years) on a 36- item test that comprised items from six distinct graphical languages (e.g., maps) that are commonly used to convey mathematical information. The results of the study revealed that: fourth graders have difficulty decoding a variety of graphics; some graphical languages are more difficult for students

Tom Lowrie; Carmel Diezmann

145

Using Separate Answer Sheets with Grade 3 Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors compared the performance of third-grade students testing on answer sheets with those testing on machine-scored test booklets. The 1,832 students in the nationally representative sample were assigned at the campus level to complete the Stanford Achievement Test Series, Tenth Edition in 1 of 4 conditions: (a) Form A answer sheet, (b)…

Brooks, Thomas; O'Malley, Kimberly; Ragland, Shelley; Young, Michael; Kirkpatrick, Rob

2014-01-01

146

The Personal Financial Literacy of Fourth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to measure personal financial literacy levels of fourth grade students in Memphis, Tennessee and to explore the relationships between seven personal and social characteristics and the students' personal financial literacy. The sample produced low scores on five measure dimensions. Caucasian populations performed better…

Lucey, Thomas Andrew

147

Oral Reading Rates of Second-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of reading fluently is widely recognized in school effectiveness, reform, and improvement efforts of the educational community, yet there are few large-scale, structured assessments of the progression of students' reading rates over time. This study documented 2nd-grade students' oral reading rates on the basis of fall, winter, and…

Wang, Chuang; Algozzine, Bob; Ma, Wen; Porfeli, Erik

2011-01-01

148

College Students' Categorical Perceptions of Grades: It's Simply "Good" vs. "Bad"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students' categorical perceptions of numeric and alphabetic grades were examined by assigning participants to one of four conditions: numeric grades alphabetic grades, numeric non-grades and alphabetic non-grades. They were then asked to give ratings for each possible grade or non-grade, using a 10-point scale. Factor analysis revealed…

Boatright-Horowitz, Su L.; Arruda, Chris

2013-01-01

149

Data Modelling with First-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues for a renewed focus on statistical reasoning in the beginning school years, with opportunities for children to engage in data modelling. Results are reported from the first year of a 3-year longitudinal study in which three classes of first-grade children (6-year-olds) and their teachers engaged in data modelling activities. The…

English, Lyn D.

2012-01-01

150

First-Grade Students and Their Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent changes to the budgetary basis of schools in Russia has received a mixed response from parents, with a variety of views on whether the quality of education is being improved. Reductions in state support for preschool education raises questions about the ability of less affluent parents to prepare their children for first grade. Perhaps more…

Avraamova, E. M.

2014-01-01

151

At-risk students: do theory grades + standardized examinations = success?  

PubMed

Early identification of students at risk of failing the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses allows nurse educators and students the opportunity to develop a remediation plan. The author describes one program's systematic review and exploration of the predictive ability of standardized examinations, nursing course theory grades, and entrance criteria for identifying students at risk. Best predictors at 3 points in the curriculum (entrance, midway, and the semester before graduation) are discussed. PMID:16980824

Stuenkel, Diane L

2006-01-01

152

The Entrepreneur Fair: Fifth Grade Student Businesses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In twenty years of teaching, the author has never been involved in a project that sparked as much enthusiasm from students, parents, the administration, and other teachers as the Entrepreneur Fair. In an effort to challenge students to become entrepreneurs, the author developed a one-day market called the Entrepreneur Fair at Stonewall Elementary…

Moore, Teresa

2010-01-01

153

Perspective: Middle Grades Students and ADD  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The substantial increase in the number of students referred for possible attention deficit disorder can be attributed in part to the relatively young age at which students must meet the academic demands of middle school, according to psychologist Jerrold Pollak. He offers a solution for educators and members of the mental health community.

Pollak, Jerrold

2010-08-01

154

Large - Small or Mini Group Instruction in English, 8th and 9th Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide describes courses and provides some sample lesson plans for an English program for eighth and ninth grade students. All of the students are required to take a basic writing course for the first nine weeks of the semester. For the next nine weeks some students receive large group instruction in linguistics and the other…

Barber, Herman W.

155

Stress Reduction in Sixth-Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A stress management program was evaluated in sixth-grade classes of an urban public and a suburban parochial school. Sample 1, from the urban public school, and Sample 2, from the suburban parochial school, received pre- and posttests. Sample 3, from the suburban parochial school, was divided into pretest-only and posttest-only groups. Six self-esteem and 1 each stress and social-skills children's

Alan S. De Wolfe; Antoinette M. Saunders

1995-01-01

156

The Effect of Scheduling Models for Introductory Algebra on 9th-Grade Students, Test Scores and Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of pacing and scheduling of algebra coursework on assigned 9th-grade students who traditionally would qualify for pre-algebra instruction and same course 9th-grade students who traditionally would qualify for standard algebra instruction. Students were selected based on completion of first-year…

O'Hanlon, Angela L.

2011-01-01

157

A Comparison of Grade Configuration on Urban Sixth to Eighth Grade Student Outcomes in Regular and Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzed the effect of school/grade configuration for regular and special education students in K-8 schools and middle schools. The analysis looked at the effect of grade configuration on two outcomes: student achievement and student attendance. The study followed a cohort of fifth graders (regular and special education) through sixth,…

Fink, Louise L.

2010-01-01

158

Do final grades reflect written qualitative evaluations of student performance?  

Microsoft Academic Search

An evaluation system should allow for early and continued identification of specific problems. A review of negative evaluations of students throughout a problem?based program revealed that 66% of these occurred during the last third of the program. Was the evaluation system too insensitive to detect problem students earlier in the program, or was the faculty reluctant to give less?than?satisfactory grades

Gerald S. Cohen; Phyllis Blumberg; Nancy C. Ryan; Patricia L. Sullivan

1993-01-01

159

Teaching Sport Education to Russian Students: An Ecological Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given Russian students' general lack of group work and opportunities to develop student responsibility in their prior schooling experiences, the purpose of this study was to examine how a group of Russian high school students responds to novel demands of participation in a sport education season. Forty-two students from two ninth-grade physical…

Sinelnikov, Oleg; Hastie, Peter

2008-01-01

160

Prevention of cigarette smoking in seventh grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

An 8-month school-based smoking prevention program tested with 1526 seventh grade students resulted in a substantial reduction in the incidence of smoking relative to a comparison population. Two curriculum elements were found to have important deterrent effects on smoking onset: (1) emphasis on immediate and primarily social consequences of smoking and (2) personalization of the course materials and mode of

Peter D. Hurd; C. Anderson Johnson; Terry Pechacek; L. Peter Bast; David R. Jacobs; Russell V. Luepker

1980-01-01

161

Determinants of Grades in Maths for Students in Economics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates the determinants of grades achieved in maths by first-year students in economics. We use individual administrative data from 1993 to 2005 to fit an educational production function. Our main findings suggest that good secondary school achievements and the type of school attended are significantly associated with maths…

Cappellari, Lorenzo; Lucifora, Claudio; Pozzoli, Dario

2012-01-01

162

Implementing School Reform: "Making Middle Grades Work" for All Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Making Middle Grades Work" ("MMGW") is a school improvement design developed by the Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) and its member states. "MMGW" is built on research-based instructional practices and policies. The design combines challenging yet attainable goals with accountability that encourages teachers, supports students and results…

Cooney, Sondra; Lasater, Beth

2006-01-01

163

Seventh Grade Students and the Visual Messages They Love  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most seventh grade students partially define themselves through everyday media messages. As a part of understanding how these images and the media impacts their lives, the author collaborated with her colleagues to develop a unit to help teens learn how visual messages such as those in pictures, media icons, logos, slogans, clothing, toys, and…

De Abreu, Belinha

2008-01-01

164

Grade Level Retention of Texas Students. 1995-96 Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Texas Education Code requires the Texas Education Agency to submit a comprehensive biennial report containing a summary of information related to grade level retention of students in the Texas public school system. This report looks at retention in Texas based on data collected over a 3-year period, beginning with the 1993-94 school year. The…

Texas Education Agency, Austin.

165

Environmental Knowledge and Beliefs among Grade 10 Students in Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To develop environmental education in Australia, a survey of tenth-grade students was undertaken. Thirty knowledge items and ten belief items were constructed. A panel of environmentalists and educators identified best responses for the knowledge items, and a common reference point, preservation of homo sapiens, for the belief items, so a…

Eyers, Vivian George

166

Students drop out of STEM fields due to poor grades  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

College students planning to major in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields often drop out of those fields because of poorer than expected grades, according to a recent study. Conducted by Ralph Stinebrickner of Berea College in Kentucky and Todd Stinebrickner of the University of Western Ontario, the study is a National Bureau of Economic Research working paper published in June 2013.

Balcerak, Ernie

2013-09-01

167

Reading and spelling difficulties in high school students: Causes and consequences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Basic skills in reading and spelling and supporting metalinguistic abilities were assessed in ninth and tenth grade students in two school settings. Students attending a private high school for the learning disabled comprised one group and the other comprised low to middle range students from a public high school. Both the LD students and the regular high school students displayed

Donald Shankweiler; Eric Lundquist; Lois G. Dreyer; Cheryl C. Dickinson

1996-01-01

168

Second and Third Grade Students in the Hunters Point-Bayview SEED Project: A Diagnostic Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report supplements the first South East Education Development project (SEED) on first grade children. Full and partial records of 624 second grade students and 591 third grade students are the basis of this diagnostic review. The empirical data obtained for the SEED project students included: each student's sex and number of full days in…

Counelis, James Steve

169

How Second-Grade Students Internalize Rules during Teacher-Student Transactions: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Vygotsky's theory of the internalization of signs provided the basis for this study. Aims: This study tried to analyse the processes by which second-grade students internalize school rules. Sample: Ethnographic data were collected on 102 lessons in a second-grade class (6-8 years) during 1 year. This study focused on three lessons…

Meard, Jacques; Bertone, Stefano; Flavier, Eric

2008-01-01

170

Health Education: Cancer Prevention and Control. Curriculum Guides, Grades 7, 8, and 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide provides the teacher with a variety of suggestions intended to assist students in the seventh-, eighth-, and ninth-grades to develop proper attitudes regarding cancer and its prevention. In addition, learning experiences are suggested with the intent to teach students about the importance of early detection and treatment of…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Curriculum Development Center.

171

Change and Continuity in Student Achievement from Grades 3 to 5: A Policy Dilemma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we examine student performance on mandated tests in grades 3, 4, and 5 in one state. We focus on this interval, which w e term "the fourth grade window," based on our hypothesis that students in grade four are particularly vulnerable to decrements in achievement. The national focus on the third grade as the critical benchmark in…

McCaslin, Mary; Burross, Heidi Legg; Good, Thomas L.

2005-01-01

172

Positive and Negative Incentives in the Classroom: An Analysis of Grading Systems and Student Motivation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined how particular grading systems motivate students. Since competency-based grading and point systems are most prevalent (Hendrickson and Gable, 1999), the current study is modeled around these systems. The grading systems used for this study were divided into two categories and defined as those students who earned their grades (\\

Tony N. Docan

2006-01-01

173

Grade six students' understanding of the nature of science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The goal of scientific literacy requires that students develop an understanding of the nature of science to assist them in the reasoned acquisition of science concepts and in their future role as citizens in a participatory democracy. The purpose of this study was to investigate and describe the range of positions that grade six students hold with respect to the nature of science and to investigate whether gender or prior science education was related to students' views of the nature of science. Two grade six classes participated in this study. One class was from a school involved in a long-term elementary science curriculum project. The science curriculum at this school involved constructivist epistemology and pedagogy and a realist ontology. The curriculum stressed hands-on, open-ended activities and the development of science process skills. Students were frequently involved in creating and testing explanations for physical phenomena. The second class was from a matched school that had a traditional science program. Results of the study indicated that students hold a wider range of views of the nature of science than previously documented. Student positions ranged from having almost no understanding of the nature of science to those expressing positions regarding the nature of science that were more developed than previous studies had documented. Despite the range of views documented, all subjects held realist views of scientific knowledge. Contrary to the literature, some students were able to evaluate a scientific theory in light of empirical evidence that they had generated. Results also indicated that students from the project school displayed more advanced views of the nature of science than their matched peers. However, not all students benefited equally from their experiences. No gender differences were found with respect to students' understanding of the nature of science.

Cochrane, Donald Brian

174

K-8th Grade Korean Students' Conceptions of 'Changes of State' and 'Conditions for Changes of State'. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the various conceptions held by K-8th Korean grade students regarding the 'changes of state' and the 'conditions for changes of state'. The study used a sample of five kindergarteners, five secondgrade students, five fourth-grade students, five sixth-grade students, and five eighth-grade students. The 25 students attend…

Paik, Seoung-Hey; Kim, Hyo-Nam; Cho, Boo-Kyoung; Park, Jae-Won

2004-01-01

175

A Comparative Analysis of the Factors Associated with Career Aspirations of Brazilian Students by Sex and Grade Level.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sex-related variations in the formation of educational and occupational aspirations of fifth and ninth grade Brazilian boys and girls were assessed via comparison of their academic performance, level of occupational and educational goals, and about the influence of family, peers, and teachers in shaping these goals. Data were collected on 1,950…

Lupidi, Helena R.

176

Teacher-Student Interactions in Fifth Grade Classrooms: Relations with Children's Peer Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the extent to which teacher-student interactions in fifth grade classrooms are associated with peer behavior in fifth grade, accounting for prior peer functioning. Participants included 894 fifth grade students from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. The quality of teacher-student interactions…

Luckner, Amy E.; Pianta, Robert C.

2011-01-01

177

Using Multimethod-Multisource Functional Behavioral Assessment for Students with Behavioral Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using multimethod-multisource functional behavioral assessment (FBA), 3 students (in kindergarten, first grade, and ninth grade) with behavioral disabilities at risk for change of placement received interventions. Indirect assessments included the Functional Assessment Checklist for Teachers and Staff--Part A & B, the Student-Directed Functional…

Stage, Scott A.; Jackson, Hal G.; Moscovitz, Kara; Erickson, Marcia Jensen; Thurman, Stacy Ogier; Jessee, Wyeth; Olson, Erin M.

2006-01-01

178

Struggling Reader to Struggling Reader: High School Students' Responses to a Cross-Age Tutoring Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study examines the perceptions and responses of struggling ninth-grade readers who are teaching reading to struggling second- and third-grade students in a cross-age tutoring program. The program was designed to overcome the entrenched, negative affective barriers that older students often bring to the required reading class by…

Paterson, Patricia O.; Elliott, Lori N.

2006-01-01

179

Nutrients in the Great Lakes. Teacher's Guide and Student Workbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher guide and student workbook set presents two learning activities, designed for fifth through ninth grade students, that concentrate on nutrients in the Great Lakes. In activity A, students simulate aquatic habitats using lake water and goldfish in glass jars and observe the effects of nutrient loading and nutrient limitation on aquatic…

Brothers, Chris; And Others

180

Empowering Students through a Social-Action Writing Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Capitalizing on students' interest in a local newspaper story, a research and writing project is developed that resulted in ninth-grade students finding their voice and power through writing. Although not being able to see the impact of their writing on their audiences, the students felt the impact of being given the respected distinction of…

Mancina, Hannah

2005-01-01

181

Laptop Initiative Impact: Assessed Using Student, Parent and Teacher Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several university researchers were invited to assist in the implementation and study of a Laptop Initiative for high school students. This initiative provided laptop computers for 247 students and 24 teachers who were grouped into ninth grade learning clusters at three schools. The research on the program's impact focused on student, teacher, and…

Murphy, Diane M.; King, Frederick B.; Brown, Scott W.

2007-01-01

182

An investigation of gender and grade-level differences in middle school students' attitudes about science, in science process skills ability, and in parental expectations of their children's science performance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The primary purpose of the study was to examine different variables (i.e. science process skill ability, science attitudes, and parents' levels of expectation for their children in science, which may impinge on science education differently for males and females in grades five, seven, and nine. The research question addressed by the study was: What are the differences between science process skill ability, science attitudes, and parents' levels of expectation in science on the academic success of fifth, seventh, and ninth graders in science and do effects differ according to gender and grade level? The subjects included fifth, seven, and ninth grade students ( n = 543) and their parents (n = 474) from six rural, public elementary schools and two rural, public middle schools in Southern Mississippi. A two-way (grade x gender) multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was used to determine the differences in science process skill abilities of females and males in grade five, seven, and nine. An additional separate two-way multivariate analysis of variance (grade x gender) was also used to determine the differences in science attitudes of males and females in grade five, seven, and nine. A separate analysis of variance (PPSEX [parent's gender]) with the effects being parents' gender was used to determine differences in parents' levels of expectation for their childrens' performance in science. An additional separate analysis of variance (SSEX [student's gender]) with the effects being the gender of the student was also used to determine differences in parents' levels of expectation for their childrens' performance in science. Results of the analyses indicated significant main effects for grade level (p < .001) and gender (p < .001) on the TIPS II. There was no significant grade by gender interaction on the TIPS II. Results for the TOSRA also indicated a significant main effect for grade (p < .001) and the interaction of grade by sex ( p < .001). On variable ATT 5 (enjoyment of science lessons), males' attitudes toward science decreased across the grade levels; whereas, females decreased from grade five to seven, but showed a significant increase from grade seven to nine. Results from the analysis of variance with the parent's gender as the main effect showed no significant difference. The analysis of variance with student's gender as the main effect showed no significant difference.

White, Terri Renee'

183

The Study Commission on the Rain Forest. 9th Grade Lesson. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this interdisciplinary curriculum unit intended for ninth grade students, students explore in groups in a role playing format public policy questions related to rain forests. Examined in the lessons are political, economic, and ecological issues from which students are expected to make recommendations on what policy course should be followed.…

Erickson, Toby

184

Reporting, grading, and the meaning of letter grades in Science 9: Perspectives of teachers, students, and parents  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigates the reporting and grading, as well as the meaning of letter grades, of students in Science 9 from the perspectives of teachers, students, and parents in five schools from two British Columbia school districts, one urban and one rural. To that end, four research questions guided the data collection and analyses: (1) What reporting methods do teachers use to communicate information about student learning in Science 9 to students and parents, and what are teachers', students', and parents' opinions of those reporting methods? (2) What grading components do teachers incorporate into Science 9 letter grades, and what grading components do students and parents believe teachers incorporate into Science 9 letter grades? (3) What meanings do teachers, students, and parents attribute to Science 9 letter grades? and (4) What are students' and parents' perceptions about some possible effects of student progress reports in Science 9? A mixed-methodology design was employed to collect the data. Quantitative data, collected via self-administered written questionnaires from the five Science 9 teachers, 43 students, and 21 parents who volunteered to participate in the study, were used to identify participants' practices and perceptions about grading and reporting. Qualitative data, collected via individual, audio-taped interviews conducted with a subset of the people who completed questionnaires (all five teachers, 16 students, and seven parents), were used to verify, clarify, and expand the questionnaire data. Observational notes and collected documents (e.g., report card forms) also served as data sources. The results of this study show that most of the participants in the study were generally satisfied with most aspects of the reporting of student progress in Science 9. However, individual teachers consider different kinds of assessment information when they assign Science 9 letter grades, teachers are not always clear and consistent about what they intend letter grades to mean, and students' and parents' beliefs about the grading components and meanings of Science 9 letter grades vary widely. The results of this study also indicate that the information communicated by a letter grade is not always clear and consistent. That the meaning of a letter grade is not always clear has implications for the ways in which letter grades are used by students and parents. The results of this study indicate that some students' attitudes, behaviours, and decisions could be affected by the grades they receive in Science 9. However, in order for students' attitudes, behaviours, and decisions to be appropriate, their interpretations of the meanings of letter grades must be appropriate. Given the multiple---meanings attributed to a Science 9 letter grade, it is likely that peoples' inferences and actions based on a letter grade will not always be appropriate. This study raises a number of issues. Two classes of issues are discussed: those arising from the research findings, and those arising from the methodology of the study. An example of an issue arising from the research findings is that the process of assigning letter grades is problematic. An example of an issue arising from the methodology is that participants do not always interpret questionnaire items in the way they are intended.

Brigden, Susan Rae

185

A Study of the Effects of a Cooperative Learning Program on the Achievement of Ninth Grade Multi-Cultural General Biology Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Black students, other minorities and white students can show significant increases in achievement in biology by using a cooperative learning model. Concentrating on cooperating with group members toward a common goal is the ingredient that makes this cooperative learning model work. This study was designed to investigate the effects of cooperative…

Kinney, James H.

186

How Is No Child Left Behind Affecting Proficient and Advanced Students on the California STAR Test in English Language Arts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to ascertain whether students who enter high school in ninth grade and score proficient or advanced on their CST in English Language Arts remain proficient or advanced 2 years later in 11th grade. The effects of NCLB will be considered as a contributing factor to the difference in student scores. This study was…

Levine, Susan

2012-01-01

187

Associations of Temperament Traits and Mathematics Grades in Adolescents Are Dependent on the Rater but Independent of Motivation and Cognitive Ability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study examines associations between self- and teacher-rated temperament traits (activity, inhibition, negative emotionality, persistence, distractibility, and mood) and mathematics grades. The sample includes 310 ninth grade students (mean age 15.0) from several schools in Finland. Analyses were conducted with multilevel modeling.…

Hintsanen, Mirka; Alatupa, Saija; Jokela, Markus; Lipsanen, Jari; Hintsa, Taina; Leino, Mare

2012-01-01

188

WWC Review of the Report "Mastery Learning and Student Teams: A Factorial Experiment in Urban General Mathematics Classes"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study reviewed in this paper examined the effects of "mastery learning" and "student team learning" on the math achievement of high school students. The analysis included 588 ninth-grade students in 16 urban Philadelphia high schools. The study assessed the effectiveness of the different conditions after one year by comparing student

What Works Clearinghouse, 2012

2012-01-01

189

The Impact of High-Stakes Testing in Chicago on Student Achievement in Promotional Gate Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzed the impact of high-stakes testing in Chicago, Illinois, on student achievement in grades targeted for promotional decisions using data from the school system for grades 3, 6, and 8. Findings show that student achievement increased substantially following the introduction of high stakes tests in Chicago, especially at grades 6 and 8. (SLD)

Roderick, Melissa; Jacob, Brian A.; Bryk, Anthony S.

2002-01-01

190

Educational Orientation and Upward Influence: An Examination of Students' Conversations about Disappointing Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The influence of student attitudes toward learning and grades on their communication with instructors about grades has received limited attention despite its potential implications for learning, performance outcomes, and student-teacher interactions. Participants (N = 194) who discussed a disappointing grade with an instructor completed measures…

Wright, Courtney N.

2012-01-01

191

Grade-point average, changes of major, and majors selected by students leaving engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Graduation success, grade-point average, and destination major of ten cohorts of students matriculating and subsequently leaving undergraduate engineering programs at nine southeastern universities are studied from 1987-2002. Grade point averages are frozen at the time students leave engineering to investigate the role of grades in their decision to leave engineering and their choice of a destination major. This study adds

Matthew W. Ohland; Guili Zhang; Brian Thorndyke; Timothy J. Anderson

2004-01-01

192

Increasing Fourth-Grade Students' Proficiency at Solving Mathematical Word Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to identify effective pedagogical strategies to increase 4th grade students' mathematics problem-solving skills. Numerous researchers have looked at mathematics problem solving; however, there is a scarcity of data relating to 4th grade mathematics problem solving proficiency. Fourth grade students at the…

Norford, Jennifer A.

2012-01-01

193

Holding Back and Holding behind: Grade Retention and Students' Non-Academic and Academic Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the implications of grade retention (repeating a grade) and social promotion (automatic promotion to the next grade each year) for high school students' academic and non-academic outcomes. Based on data from 3261 high school students, structural equation modeling demonstrated that, after controlling for interactions with…

Martin, Andrew J.

2011-01-01

194

On Their Own: Students' Responses to Open-Ended Questions in Math, Reading, Science, Social Studies. Results of the 1990 Assessment: Grade Four, Grade Eight, Grade Twelve.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the spring of 1990, over 9,000 4th-, 8th- and 12th-grade students (only 6 percent of all students in Massachusetts) were assessed using open-ended mathematical, scientific, social studies, and reading concepts. Beginning with the Massachusetts Educational Assessment Program for 1992, open-ended questions will be administered to all students and…

Thomas, Brenda; Badger, Elizabeth

195

The Effects of Grade Level and Other Factors on the Achievement in Project Physics among High School Physics Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to determine experimentally the relationship between achievement and grade level for 64 tenth-grade students, 48 eleventh-grade students, and 95 twelfth-grade physics students. All students were enrolled in the Project Physics course in their respective schools. The Physics Achievement Test (PAT) and the algebra I and II…

Fletcher, Richard Kenard, Jr.

196

Putting the "Shop" in Reading Workshop: Building Reading Stamina in a Ninth-Grade Literacy Class in a Bronx Vocational High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For many teachers of middle school and high school, the greatest challenge they face in trying to help struggling readers improve their skills can be students' self-perception. When young people do not see themselves as members of the "literacy club," it is not just a simple matter of persuading them that becoming a fluent reader is worth the…

Gulla, Amanda N.

2012-01-01

197

Correlation between Grade Point Averages and Student Evaluation of Teaching Scores: Taking a Closer Look  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most contentious potential sources of bias is whether instructors who give higher grades receive higher ratings from students. We examined the grade point averages (GPAs) and student ratings across 2073 general education religion courses at a large private university. A moderate correlation was found between GPAs and student evaluations…

Griffin, Tyler J.; Hilton, John, III.; Plummer, Kenneth; Barret, Devynne

2014-01-01

198

Do Student Evaluations of Teaching Depend on the Distribution of Expected Grade?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior research suggests that student evaluations of teaching may depend on the average grade expected in a class. We hypothesize that, because of risk aversion, student ratings also depend on the distribution of expected grades. As predicted, student ratings at the University of Puerto Rico at Bayamon are significantly and negatively related to…

Matos-Diaz, Horacio; Ragan, James F., Jr.

2010-01-01

199

The Improvement of Chronological Perceptions among Fifth Grade Students: A Quasi-Experimental Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is an action research based both on quantitative and qualitative research techniques carried out with a group of fifth grade students in K"r,ehir during the 2003-2004 education year. In the study, the main purpose was to improve historical time concept and chronology perceptions among fifth grade students. Students' interests, reactions…

Simsek, Ahmet

2007-01-01

200

Causal Factors Influencing Adversity Quotient of Twelfth Grade and Third-Year Vocational Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problem statement: The aim of this research was to study the causal factors influencing students' adversity between twelfth grade and third-year vocational students in Sisaket province, Thailand. Six hundred and seventy two of twelfth grade and 376 third-year vocational students were selected by multi-stage random sampling techniques. Approach:…

Pangma, Rachapoom; Tayraukham, Sombat; Nuangchalerm, Prasart

2009-01-01

201

Student Grade Expectations at Technical College, 2-, and 4-Year Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although students' final course grade expectations have been the focus of several studies, none have looked systematically at students' expectations for grade distributions for the whole class across institutional types, student year in school, and course levels. This study examined such differences as a function of gender, course level,…

McCann, Lee I.; Immel, Kathy R.; Kadah-Ammeter, Tammy L.; Priniski, Stacy J.

2013-01-01

202

Students' Perceptions of the Usefulness of Marking Guides, Grade Descriptors and Annotated Exemplars  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grade descriptors, marking guides and exemplars are generally accepted to have a positive impact in assisting students' understanding of assessment task requirements and standards, but little is known about how students use such resources. This paper provides insight into the perceptions of first-year students of the usefulness of grade

Bell, Amani; Mladenovic, Rosina; Price, Margaret

2013-01-01

203

Investigating Students' Logical Thinking Abilities: The Effects of Gender and Grade Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of gender and grade level on students' logical thinking abilities. A total of 174 sixth, seventh, and eighth-grade students participated in the study. Test of Logical Thinking (TOLT) was administered to determine students' reasoning abilities. A two-way multivariate analysis of variance…

Yenilmez, Ayse; Sungur, Semra; Tekkaya, Ceren

2005-01-01

204

Student response to Sustained Silent Reading (SSR) as an eighth-grade literacy practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the literacy practices of 9 eighth-grade students who participated in a program of daily Sustained Silent Reading (SSR). Students reported their activities and attitudes towards SSR by means of interviews and written responses. Teacher observations supported their responses. Standardized test scores for participating and nonparticipating SSR students were compared documenting the value of SSR as an eighth-grade

Diane Mary Kvilesz

2007-01-01

205

Parental Involvement and Its Influence on the Reading Achievement of 6th Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between reading achievement and parental involvement for sixth grade middle school students. The participants were forty-eight sixth grade students who completed parental involvement surveys. The parents of these students also completed a parental involvement survey. The results of the…

Hawes, Carmen Ann; Plourde, Lee A.

2005-01-01

206

Effect of Pullout Lessons on the Academic Achievement of Eighth-Grade Band Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effect of pullout instrumental lessons on the academic achievement of eighth-grade band students. Participants (N = 353) included 292 nonband students and 61 band students pulled once per week for music lessons in a single suburban K-8 school district in Midwestern United States. Data indicated that eighth-grade band…

Hash, Phillip M.

2011-01-01

207

Consent Form Return Rates for Third-Grade Urban Elementary Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To maximize active parent consent form return rates for third-grade minority, urban students enrolled in predominantly low-income elementary schools in Chicago, Ill. Methods: Research staff used a class incentive and class visits to retrieve consent forms from students. Results: Of the 811 third-grade students, 98% returned a form and …

Ji, Peter; Flay, Brian R.; Phil, D.; DuBois, David L.; Brechling, Vanessa; Day, Joseph; Cantillon, Dan

2006-01-01

208

The Effects of Cooperative Learning Experience on Eighth Grade Students' Achievement and Attitude toward Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective teaching and learning of science depends on the selected teaching method touching students' most learning senses. This study investigated the effects of cooperative learning on eighth grade students' achievement and attitude toward science. Participants were 68 students from two different eighth grade classrooms in an elementary school.…

Kose, Sacit; Sahin, Abdurrahman; Ergun, Aysegul; Gezer, Kutret

2010-01-01

209

Improving Student Performance in Fifth Grade Band through the Use of Student Self-Monitoring.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An action research project was developed and implemented using student self monitoring of higher order thinking skills and task management to improve the music skills of a fifth grade beginning band (n=30) from a small middle school located in a rural midwest village. Evidence of the problem was documented with a performance test, a written test,…

Hayes, Steven R.

210

Water: How Good is Good Enough? Teacher's Guide. Science Module (9th-10th Grade Chemistry).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a teacher's guide for a module designed to integrate environmental education into ninth- and tenth-grade chemistry classes. The module, pilot tested in Gwinnett County, Georgia in classes of students, many of whom had learning disabilities, emphasizes activity learning and considerable review. The module is divided into four parts. Part…

Georgia Univ., Athens. Coll. of Education.

211

Scope, Sequence & Coordination: 9th and 10th Grade Science. Supplementary Evaluation Report, December, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this report is to synthesize two other evaluation reports ascertaining the effectiveness of the Scope, Sequence & Coordination (SS&C) project on ninth and tenth grade student achievement of the National Science Education Standards. The overall evaluation utilized a time lag, post-test-only design in which the perceptions and…

Lawrenz, Frances; Huffman, Douglas

212

Reading Attitudes and Interests of Gifted and Talented Children in the Middle Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigated reading attitudes and interests of 30 fourth through ninth grade gifted and talented students. The data were gathered through the use of a questionnaire, which included statements with Likert type scale responses, multiple-choice, and short answers. Methods used to analyze the data were individual item analysis, analysis of…

Link, Barbara R.

213

Engineering Design Processes in Seventh-Grade Classrooms: Bridging the Engineering Education Gap  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on some findings from the first year of a three-year longitudinal study, in which seventh- to ninth-graders were introduced to engineering education. Specifically, the paper addresses students' responses to an initial design activity involving bridge construction, which was implemented at the end of seventh grade. This paper…

English, Lyn D.; Hudson, Peter B.; Dawes, Les

2012-01-01

214

The Assessment of Risk Factors in a Student Population.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper identifies and assesses factors that may characterize students at risk of dropping out, based on a ninth grade class of Cincinnati (Ohio) public school students which was followed for five years, from 1984-85 to 1988-89. The paper aims to develop a quick, easy, and reliable method that teachers, counselors, and principals can use to…

Mueller, Elizabeth Jane

215

THE MERCHANT OF VENICE. LITERATURE CURRICULUM III, STUDENT VERSION.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A GUIDE WAS PRODUCED FOR STUDENT USE IN NINTH-GRADE STUDY OF "THE MERCHANT OF VENICE." THE GUIDE PRESENTED SEVERAL ALTERNATE APPROACHES FOR UNDERSTANDING THE PLAY AND LEARNING ITS CONTENT. A MAJOR EMPHASIS OF THE GUIDE WAS PLACED ON THREE FORMS OF STUDENT QUESTIONS, RELATED TO SPECIFIC ACTS AND SCENES, THE CHARACTERS IN THE DRAMA, AND THE PLAY AS…

KITZHABER, ALBERT R.

216

Effects of Classroom Assessment Practices on Students' Achievement Goals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of classroom assessment practices on students' achievement goals. The study included 1,636 ninth grade students and 83 science teachers from Muscat public schools in Oman. Results from hierarchical linear modeling techniques showed that class contextual features and teachers' teaching experiences and assessment…

Alkharusi, Hussain

2008-01-01

217

Vocational Interest of Students in the Suburban Area of Chicago.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A random sample of 60 ninth grade students from each of four schools in suburban areas of Chicago was obtained to ascertain student interest in vocational education, more specifically in applied biological and agricultural occupations, by means of a Career Interest Inventory. Mean item scores were obtained in order to make a comparison between…

Thomas, Hollie B; Ammadi, M. Ali

218

Bring out the Brilliance: A Counseling Intervention for Underachieving Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the impact of a small group counseling intervention designed for students who underachieve. The results of the study demonstrated significant improvement for ninth- and tenth-grade underachieving students in the areas of organizational skills, time management, and motivation. The author discusses implications and…

Berger, Carolyn

2014-01-01

219

The Effects of Weekly, Sustained Silent Reading Time on Recreational Reading Habits and Attitudes in a 9th Grade English Class.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sustained Silent Reading (SSR) has been around in various forms for over 40 years. While this subject has received much study in elementary schools, the influence of SSR on typical, non-at-risk high school students' reading habits appears to be lacking. The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of SSR on ninth grade students' recreational…

Kirby, Mary C.

220

Visual thinking networking promotes long-term meaningful learning and achievement for 9th grade earth science students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An experimental and interview-based design was used to test the efficacy of visual thinking networking (VTN), a new generation of metacognitive learning strategies. Students constructed network diagrams using semantic and figural elements to represent knowledge relationships. The findings indicated the importance of using color in VTN strategies. The use of color promoted the encoding and reconstruction of earth science knowledge in memory and enhanced higher order thinking skills of problem solving. Fifty-six ninth grade earth science students (13--15 years of age) in a suburban school district outside New York City were randomly assigned to three classes with the same instructor. Five major positive findings emerged in the areas of problem solving achievement, organization of knowledge in memory, problem solving strategy dimensionality, conceptual understanding, and gender differences. A multi-covariate analysis was conducted on the pre-post gain scores of the AGI/NSTA Earth Science Examination (Part 1). Students who used the color VTN strategies had a significantly higher mean gain score on the problem solving criterion test items than students who used the black/white VTN (p = .003) and the writing strategies for learning science (p < .001). During a think-out-loud problem solving interview, students who used the color VTN strategies: (1) significantly recalled more earth science knowledge than students who used the black/white VTN (p = .021) and the writing strategies (p < .001); (2) significantly recalled more interrelated earth science knowledge than students who used black/white VTN strategies (p = .048) and the writing strategy (p < .001); (3) significantly used a greater number of action verbs than students who used the writing strategy (p = .033). Students with low abstract reasoning aptitude who used the color VTNs had a significantly higher mean number of conceptually accurate propositions than students who used the black/white VTN (p = .018) and the writing strategies (p = .010). Gender influenced the choice of VTN strategy. Females used significantly more color VTN strategies, while males used predominately black/white VTN strategies (p = .01). A neurocognitive model, the encoding activation theory of the anterior cingulate (ENACT-AC), is proposed as an explanation for these findings.

Longo, Palma Joni

2001-12-01

221

Effects of Intensive Reading Intervention for Eighth-Grade Students With Persistently Inadequate Response to Intervention  

PubMed Central

The authors report the effects of a yearlong, very small-group, intensive reading intervention for eighth-grade students with serious reading difficulties who had demonstrated low response to intervention (RTI) in both Grades 6 and 7. At the beginning of Grade 6, a cohort of students identified as having reading difficulties were randomized to treatment or comparison conditions. Treatment group students received researcher-provided reading intervention in Grade 6, which continued in Grade 7 for those with low response to intervention; comparison students received no researcher-provided intervention. Participants in the Grade 8 study were members of the original treatment (N = 28) and comparison (N = 13) conditions who had failed to pass a state-mandated reading comprehension test in both Grades 6 and 7. In Grade 8, treatment group students received a 50-minute, daily, individualized, intensive reading intervention in groups of two to four students per teacher. The results showed that students in the treatment condition demonstrated significantly higher scores than comparison students on standardized measures of comprehension (effect size = 1.20) and word identification (effect size = 0.49), although most continued to lack grade-level proficiency in reading despite 3 years of intervention. Findings from this study provide a rationale for intensive intervention for middle school students with severe reading difficulties. PMID:21512102

Vaughn, Sharon; Wexler, Jade; Leroux, Audrey; Roberts, Greg; Denton, Carolyn; Barth, Amy; Fletcher, Jack

2013-01-01

222

Investigating the scientific creativity of fifth-grade students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Previous research on the scientific creativity of children has been limited. The most salient limitations of previous literature have been: (a) narrowness of theoretical frameworks, (b) limitedness in using a variety of science process skills, (c) ignorance of the gender differences in scientific creativity, and (d) ignorance of elementary school students. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate the Scientific Creativity Test for fifth-grade students to identify scientific creativity in those students. A related purpose was to investigate the gender differences in scientific creativity. The Scientific Creativity Test consisted of three subtests: Problems and Solutions, Grouping of Flowers, and Design an Experiment. The test was administered to 138 fifth-grade students from six different elementary schools. The reliability analysis showed that the Scientific Creativity Test had a .89 coefficient as a consistency of scores. The concurrent validity analysis indicated that the Scientific Creativity Test had medium correlations with Teachers' Ratings of students' Scientific Ability (r = .42), Science Content Knowledge (r = .42), and Scientific Creativity (r = .51). The interrater reliability of the three items rated by two independent raters [1C (designing a construction about a solution), 2D (drawing a diagram about the relationships among the groups of flowers), and 3B (drawing an experiment to develop a solution for the environmental problem)], using the Consensual Assessment Technique showed medium to high correlations. The General Linear Modeling (GLM) Repeated Measures Two-Way Analysis of Variance indicated no overall significant differences between males and females. An interaction effect, however, was found. Females performed better than males in Subtest II (Grouping of Flowers) and slightly better in Subtest III (Design an Experiment). The analysis using the independent-samples t test indicated no significant differences between females and males in the scientific creativity test except in four items: 2A (grouping flowers) Fluency, 2A Flexibility, 2A Originality, and 2A Complexity. These differences were in favor of females. The findings present support of the psychometric properties of the Scientific Creativity Test in the identification of scientific creativity in children.

Mohamed, Ahmed

223

Evaluation of Student Laboratory Reports Under a Schedule of Partial Reinforcement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the procedure, results and conclusions of a study designed to test the hypothesis that there would be no difference in the number of acceptable laboratory reports submitted by students in a ninth-grade science course under a schedule of continuous reinforcement where the teacher graded every report, as compared to the number…

Cohen, Ronald D.

224

Interpreting the Relationships among Prosody, Automaticity, Accuracy, and Silent Reading Comprehension in Secondary Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although identified as a critical component of proficient reading in the primary grades, reading fluency (word recognition accuracy, automaticity, and prosody) is often viewed as less important beyond the early stages of reading acquisition. In the present study, 108 ninth-grade students were assessed to explore the relationships among word…

Paige, David D.; Rasinski, Timothy; Magpuri-Lavell, Theresa; Smith, Grant S.

2014-01-01

225

Identifying Middle School Students at Risk for Dropping out of High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined eighth grade predictor variables for predictive power in identifying students at-risk for dropping out of high school in a northwest Georgia school district. This study involved 340 participants from the 2005/2006 ninth grade class in the selected school district. This quantitative study employed correlation analyses to…

Logan, Lisa Ellis

2010-01-01

226

From Caterpillar to Butterfly: A Window for Looking into Students' Ideas about Life Cycle and Life Forms of Insects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was a qualitative analysis of high school students' ideas about life cycle and life forms of the butterfly. For this purpose, open-ended questions and drawing methods were applied to 194 high school students from the ninth to eleventh grades and 14 to 16 years of age in Erzurum, Turkey. Students' drawings were categorised…

Cinici, Ayhan

2013-01-01

227

Knowledge and Health Practices of High School Students with Respect to Heart Disease Risk Factors--A Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines questionnaire responses of ninth- and twelfth-grade students to investigate the level of knowledge possessed by high school students concerning cardiovascular disease. Results are summarized of student knowledge pertaining to personal life-style associated with smoking, obesity, exercise, and dietary habits. (CS)

Oswald, Marianne T.; And Others

1980-01-01

228

The Effects of the Use of the Question Exploration Routine on Student Performance in Secondary Content Classrooms. Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The tenth in a series of studies investigating the educational context and outcomes for high school students with disabilities (SWDs), this study explored the use of a Question Exploration Routine as a means of enhancing the performance of students with disabilities in ninth-grade inclusive content classes. Participants were 134 students, with and…

Bulgren, Janis A.; Lenz, B. Keith; Marquis, Janet; Schumaker, Jean B.; Deshler, Donald D.

229

The Maturation of College Students as Evidenced by the Eight Semester Average Grade Points  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study considers the achievement of college students as revealed by the average grade points recorded semester by semester during the four years, in an attempt to determine whether there is a maturation or growth curve evidenced by a rise in the average grade points during this period. In evaluating grades, 'A' was given a score of three points, 'B'

Roy L. Roberts

1933-01-01

230

Reducing the Retention Rate among Kindergarten, First, and Second Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An intervention project sought to lower the grade retention rates of kindergarten, first-, and second-grade students in one New Jersey school district. During three school years, 1987-1990, the retention rate was 7 percent of the total population of these grades. An exploration of causes identified several possible factors, including: (1) lack of…

Turco, Angela

231

The Impact of Grading Standards on Student Achievement, Educational Attainment, and Entry-Level Earnings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite recent theoretical work and proposals from educational reformers, there is little empirical work on the effects of higher grading standards. In this paper we use data from the High School and Beyond survey to estimate the effects of grading standards on student achievement, educational attainment, and entry level earnings. We consider not only how grading standards affect average outcomes

Julian R. Betts; Jeffrey Grogger

2000-01-01

232

Prematriculation Program Grades as Predictors of Black and Other Nontraditional Students' First-Year Academic Performances.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study explored predictors of African-American and other nontraditional medical students' first-year academic performance at the Medical College of Georgia. Variables included undergraduate grades and grades in a summer prematriculation program (SPP) featuring biochemistry, anatomy, and immunology courses. SPP grades were found useful in…

Hesser, Al; Lewis, Lloyd

1992-01-01

233

Factors Influencing Mathematic Problem-Solving Ability of Sixth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problem statement: This study aims to investigate factors influencing mathematic problem-solving ability of sixth grade students. One thousand and twenty eight of sixth grade students, studying in the second semester of academic year 2007 were sampled by stratified random sampling technique. Approach: The research instruments used in the study…

Pimta, Sakorn; Tayraukham, Sombat; Nuangchalerm, Prasart

2009-01-01

234

Student Views on Criterion-Referenced Assessment and Grading in Swedish Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The pedagogical and status implications of assessment in physical education (PE) have been recognised in the past. How students perceive being assessed and graded is a neglected area, however. While some studies have garnered students' perceptions of assessment when no grade is awarded or the stakes are relatively low, we know less…

Redelius, Karin; Hay, Peter J.

2012-01-01

235

Early Grade Retention and Student Success: Evidence from Los Angeles. Technical Appendices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report uses administrative data provided by the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) on kindergarten to third-grade students. The records begin with kindergartners in 2001, first-graders in 2002, second-graders in 2003, and third-graders in 2004 and include all LAUSD students in grades K-3 for 2004 to 2008. Altogether, the raw data…

Cannon, Jill S.; Lipscomb, Stephen

2011-01-01

236

Teacher Competence and the Academic Achievement of Sixth Grade Students in Uganda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigates the influence of teacher competence on the academic achievement of sixth grade students in Uganda. The investigation is based on data sourced from the 2009 Southern African Consortium for Monitoring Education Quality (SACMEQ) survey comprising 5,148 records of sixth grade students enrolled in primary schools in Uganda. The…

Wamala, Robert; Seruwagi, Gerald

2013-01-01

237

Comparison of Self-Reported and Measured Height and Weight in Eighth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to evaluate the relationships between self-reported and measured height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) in a sample of eighth-grade students. The study population consisted of eighth-grade students in eastern North Carolina who completed a cross-sectional survey, self-reported their height and weight, and had their…

Morrissey, Susan L.; Whetstone, Lauren M.; Cummings, Doyle M.; Owen, Lynda J.

2006-01-01

238

A Situative Metaphor for Teacher Learning: The Case of University Tutors Learning to Grade Student Coursework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the continuing concern about academic standards in the higher education sector a great deal of emphasis has been placed on quality assurance procedures rather than on considering how university tutors learn to grade the quality of work produced by students. As part of a larger research project focused on how tutors grade student coursework,…

Boyd, Pete; Bloxham, Sue

2014-01-01

239

Employment During High School: Consequences for Students' Grades in Academic Courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

High school students who work intensively at paid jobs tend to have lower grades in academic courses. Prior research has not properly tested theories about the source of the relationship between student employment and grades (or other outcomes), and has not explicitly modeled the potentially reciprocal nature of this relationship. We focus on both the short- and long-term effects of

John Robert Warren; Paul C. LePore; Robert D. Mare

2000-01-01

240

The Ability of Grade 5 Students To Use Radarsat Satellite Images.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the ability of 32 grade-5 students in Alberta (Canada) to interpret Radarsat satellite radar images. The students were able to interpret most elements of the images, but working directly with the CD-ROM proved too difficult for them. The Radarsat images have limited value as a geographic resource at the grade-5 level. (TD)

Kirman, Joseph M.; Busby, Stephanie

2000-01-01

241

Grading and Reporting in a Standards-Based Environment: Implications for Students with Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers at all levels of education today struggle in their efforts to assign fair, accurate, and meaningful grades to students with disabilities, especially those placed in general education classrooms. Lacking specific policies or recommendations, most teachers apply informal, individual grading adaptations for such students. Although these…

Jung, Lee Ann; Guskey, Thomas R.

2009-01-01

242

Report on Grade Level Retention of Texas Students, 1992-93 and 1993-94.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A legislative mandate requires the Texas Central Education Agency to submit a report each odd-numbered year that includes data collected on students retained in grade, including the reason for retention. This report presents current summary data on the retention rates of Texas students by grade level, age, gender, and ethnicity for 1992-93;…

Texas Education Agency, Austin.

243

Third Grade African American Students' Views of the Nature of Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the nature of science (NOS) views of lower elementary grade level students, including their views of scientists. Participants were 23 third-grade African American students from two Midwest urban settings. A multiple instrument approach using an open-ended questionnaire, semi-structured interviews, a modified version of the…

Walls, Leon

2012-01-01

244

Problem-Based Learning in the Fifth, Sixth, and Seventh Grades: Assessment of Students' Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of students' characteristics (gender, age, and first-language spoken at home) on their perceptions about problem-based learning (PBL). The study revealed that students from the fifth, sixth and seventh grades perceived PBL in a positive way but there were significant differences between the grades. The resources…

Azer, Samy A.

2009-01-01

245

Alcohol Use and the Grades of Middle and High School Students: Does School Choice Have Effects?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the question of whether youth drinking leads to lower grades for public and private school students. Instrumental variables (IV) regressions are used to investigate differences in the relationship between drinking and grades based on whether students attend a public or private school. The regressions reveal that drinking…

Austin, Wesley; Heath, Cary

2012-01-01

246

Predicting College Success with High School Grades and Test Scores: Limitations for Minority Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a sample of 522 students at a Lutheran university in the Southwestern United States, researchers examined differences in the predictive strength of high school grades and standardized test scores for student involvement, academic achievement, retention, and satisfaction. Findings indicate that high school grades are stronger predictors of…

Hoffman, John L.; Lowitzki, Katie E.

2005-01-01

247

Increasing Prosocial Behavior of Elementary Students in Grades K-6 through a Conflict Resolution Management Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A practicum was implemented to increase prosocial behavior of students in grades K-6 through a conflict resolution management program. The objectives of the intervention were to: (1) reduce student discipline referrals for antisocial behavior; (2) increase student conflict resolution scores; and (3) increase the prosocial behavior of students.…

Satchel, Brenda B.

248

The Effect of Word Processing on Students' Grades and Attitudes toward Freshman Composition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of word processing on students' attitudes and grades was studied using 235 students in 15 sections of freshmen composition at a large midwestern university. Students in the word-processing sections wrote and revised their papers on the Macintosh Plus using the software MacWrite. Students in the traditional sections used paper, pencils,…

Rohde, Renate I.

249

Incentives: The effects on the reading motivation of fourth?grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of various incentives on the reading motivation of fourth?grade students. The students involved in the study attended an elementary school in a mid?size town in the South. Results were based on the participation of 28 students in the control group who received no incentives, 27 students in the treatment group

Kathryn M. Edmunds; Susan M. Tancock

2002-01-01

250

Modeling Oral Reading Fluency Development in Latino Students: A Longitudinal Study Across Second and Third Grade  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines growth in oral reading fluency across 2nd and 3rd grade for Latino students grouped in 3 English proficiency levels: students receiving English as a second language (ESL) services (n = 2,182), students exited from ESL services (n = 965), and students never designated as needing services (n = 1,857). An important focus was to learn whether, within

Stephanie Al Otaiba; Yaacov Petscher; N. Eleni Pappamihiel; Rihana S. Williams; Allison K. Dyrlund; Carol Connor

2009-01-01

251

Modeling Oral Reading Fluency Development in Latino Students: A Longitudinal Study across Second and Third Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines growth in oral reading fluency across 2nd and 3rd grade for Latino students grouped in 3 English proficiency levels: students receiving English as a second language (ESL) services (n = 2,182), students exited from ESL services (n = 965), and students never designated as needing services (n = 1,857). An important focus was to…

Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Petscher, Yaacov; Pappamihiel, N. Eleni; Williams, Rihana S.; Dyrlund, Allison K.; Connor, Carol

2009-01-01

252

Help for the "Fourth-Grade Slump"--SRQ2R Plus Instruction in Text Structure or Main Idea.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates whether or not SRQ2R (Survey, Read, Question, Recite, Review) usage is facilitated by pretraining in text structures or main ideas. Finds that SRQ2R was effective in improving fourth- through ninth-grade students' higher-level thinking skills and their comprehension of expository material. (RS)

Walker, Michael L.

1995-01-01

253

The Unintended Consequences of an Algebra-for-All Policy on High-Skill Students: Effects on Instructional Organization and Students' Academic Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1997, Chicago implemented a policy that required algebra for all ninth-grade students, eliminating all remedial coursework. This policy increased opportunities to take algebra for low-skill students who had previously enrolled in remedial math. However, little is known about how schools respond to the policy in terms of organizing math…

Nomi, Takako

2012-01-01

254

Student Thinking Processes. The Influence of Immediate Computer Access on Students' Thinking. First- and Second-Year Findings. ACOT Report #3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 2-year longitudinal study explored whether computers promote more sophisticated thinking, and examined how students' thinking changes as they become experienced computer users. The first-year study examined the thinking process of four ninth-grade Apple Classrooms of Tomorrow (ACOT) students. The second-year study continued following these…

Tierney, Robert J.

255

Are Students with High Ability in Math More Motivated in Math and Science than Other Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Expectancy-value motivation profiles were identified in a sample of US ninth-grade students in 2009 (n = 19,259) using latent profile analysis. Of four distinct profiles, two were high, one typical, and one low in math and in science. In each area, the two high profiles were distinguished by (1) high self-efficacy with lower utility value and (2)…

Andersen, Lori; Cross, Tracy L.

2014-01-01

256

UT Arlington Honors College Policy Governing Appeal of a Grade In attempting to resolve any student grievances regarding grades, it is the student's obligation first to  

E-print Network

the matter to the Honors College Executive Committee, which will render a decision. If the student does not concur with the committee's decision, the student may appeal to the Dean of the Honors College, whose18 UT Arlington Honors College Policy Governing Appeal of a Grade In attempting to resolve any

Huang, Haiying

257

An Analysis of Students' Misconceptions Concerning Photosynthesis and Respiration in Plants.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aims of this study were to diagnose students' misconceptions concerning photosynthesis and respiration in plants, and to investigate reasons behind these misconceptions. The subjects were 45 ninth grade high school students and 11 high school teachers. Data were collected by interview technique. All of the interviews were audiotaped and…

Capa, Yesim; Yildirim, Ali; Ozden, M. Yasar

258

Perceptions of Leadership and Student Performance in Science from Campus Leaders in Selected High Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This naturalistic study focused on the perceptions of leadership and student performance in science from campus leaders in three purposefully selected secondary campuses of ninth through twelfth grades. Each school had experienced an improvement in student passing rates on the science TAKS test that exceeded the state's percent improvement in…

Wilder, Sharon Mae

2010-01-01

259

An Analysis of High School Students' Performance on Five Integrated Science Process Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study determined Jamaican high school students' level of performance on five integrated science process skills and if there were statistically significant differences in their performance linked to their gender, grade level, school location, school type, student type and socio-economic background (SEB). The 305 subjects comprised 133 males, 172 females, 146 ninth graders, 159 10th graders, 150 traditional and 155

Yvonne Beaumont-Walters; Kola Soyibo

2001-01-01

260

LEXICOGRAPHY. HISTORY OF ENGLISH, PART ONE. LANGUAGE CURRICULUM III, STUDENT VERSION.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

AN OUTLINE OF THE NEED FOR AND USES OF LEXICOGRAPHY AND A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE, PART 1, WERE COMBINED IN THIS CURRICULUM GUIDE FOR NINTH-GRADE STUDENTS. THE FIRST SECTION, THE OUTLINE ON LEXICOGRAPHY, GAVE A BRIEF HISTORY OF DICTIONARY COMPILATION AND DESCRIBED THE NEED FOR DICTIONARIES AND THEIR USES. WAYS WERE SUGGESTED FOR STUDENTS

KITZHABER, ALBERT R.

261

The Effect of Conceptual Change Approach on Students' Ecology Achievement and Attitude towards Biology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effectiveness of conceptual change texts oriented instruction accompanied by demonstrations in small groups on students' ecology achievement and attitude towards biology. 78 ninth grade students in a public high school participated in this study. While the control group was taught with the traditional method, the…

Cetin, Gulcan; Ertepinar, Hamide; Geban, Omer

2004-01-01

262

Latino Parent Home-Based Practices that Bolster Student Academic Persistence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Home-based parental involvement practices (i.e., educational encouragement, monitoring, and support) and their impact on students' academic persistence were investigated with a sample of 137, ninth-grade Latino students in a northeast high school. Structural Equation Modeling results indicate that the relationship between home-based parental…

Mena, Jasmine A.

2011-01-01

263

Perceptions of leadership and student performance in science from campus leaders in selected high schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This naturalistic study focused on the perceptions of leadership and student performance in science from campus leaders in three purposefully selected secondary campuses of ninth through twelfth grades. Each school had experienced an improvement in student passing rates on the science TAKS test that exceeded the state's percent improvement in passing rates for the past three years and had a

Sharon Mae Wilder

2010-01-01

264

EXAMINATION OF 8TH GRADE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS' CAREER DECISION MAKING SELF EFFICACY PREDICTORS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of present study is to investigated whether the levels of fulfillment of career development tasks of 8th grade elementary school students combined with their genders predict career decision making self-efficacy. 756 students (47,8 % male; 52,2 % female; 8th grade elementary school students), which were chosen randomly, were scope of this study. The career development levels of the

Feride BACANLI

265

Comparison of dental students' academic performance using honors/pass/fail and letter grades.  

PubMed

Performance in a second-year course in pedodontics/orthodontics for three classes of students at the State University of New York at Stony Brook School of Dental Medicine who received grades under an honors/pass/fail system was compared to that of three academically comparable classes that received letter grades. The average scores from the pedodontic/orthodontic section of the Part II National Board examination also were compared. The dental students taught under the letter grade system achieved a small but statistically significant higher grade point average in the dental course than the students taught under the honors/pass/fail system. The difference between the National Board scores was not statistically significant. It was concluded that while the letter grade system provided incentive for the students to perform at a higher level than those under the honors/pass/fail system, it did not influence their performance on the National Board examination. PMID:3156166

Leske, G S; Ripa, L

1985-03-01

266

THE EFFECTS OF TEACHER VS STUDENT CENTERED INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES ON THE VOCABULARY LEARNING OF SIXTH GRADE THAI STUDENTS  

E-print Network

cultural elements in Thai 6th grade classroom. The study, conducted with 10 EFL teachers and 599 EFL students in Thailand, took the form of pretest-posttest and questionnaire for students, and interview for both students and teachers. To determine...

Khuvasanond, Kirati

2013-05-31

267

Unmasking the Effects of Student Engagement on First-Year College Grades and Persistence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the relationships between student engagement, college GPA, and persistence for 6,000 students attending 18 baccalaureate-granting institutions. Data sources included student-level information from the National Survey of Student Engagement, academic transcripts, merit aid, and ACT\\/SAT score reports. Engagement had positive, statistically significant effects on grades and persistence between the first and second year of study for students from

Ty M. Cruce Rick Shoup George D. Kuh; Robert M. Gonyea

2008-01-01

268

Is clinical competence perceived differently for student daily performance on the wards versus clerkship grading?  

PubMed

Clinical rotations play an important role in the medical curriculum and are considered crucial for student learning. However, competencies that should be learned can differ from those that are assessed. In order to explore which competencies are considered important for daily performance of student on the wards and to what extent clinical teachers consider the same competencies important for clerkship grading, a survey that consisted of 21 different student characteristics was administered to clinical teachers. Two independent factor analyses using structural equation modeling were conducted to abstract underlying latent relationships among the different student characteristics and to define a clinical competence profile for daily performance of students on the wards and clerkship grading. Differences between the degree of importance for student daily ward performance and clerkship grading are considered and discussed. The results of the survey indicate that the degree of importance of competencies are rated different for daily performance of students on the wards and clerkship grades. Competencies related to the diagnostic process are more important for clerkship grading, whereas interpersonal skills, professional qualities, and motivation are more important for daily ward performance. It is concluded that the components of clinical competence considered important for adequate performance are not necessarily in alignment with what is required for grading. Future research should focus on an explanation why clinical educators think differently about the importance of competencies for student examination in contrast to what is required for adequate daily performance on the wards. PMID:17690992

Wimmers, Paul F; Kanter, Steven L; Splinter, Ted A W; Schmidt, Henk G

2008-12-01

269

Learning Outcomes of Computer Programming Instruction for Middle-Grades Students: A Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pilot study tested the hypothesis that the logical thinking skills of middle-grades students are enhanced by teaching them computer programming using the BASIC programming language. A quasi-experimental design was used with 36 students randomly selected and assigned to one of two treatment groups: 18 students received no instruction in…

Dillashaw, F. Gerald; Bell, Samuel R.

270

Coffee Can Speakers: Amazing Energy Transformers--Fifth-Grade Students Learn the Science behind Speakers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors describe steps on how to develop a high-impact activity in which students build, test, and improve their own "coffee can" speakers to observe firsthand how loudspeakers work to convert electrical energy to sound. The activity is appropriate for students in grades three to six and lends itself best to students

Wise, Kevin; Haake, Monica

2007-01-01

271

Analysis of Year by Year Grade Point Averages of Students Identified as Academically Gifted.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated whether a particular grade in school would prove to be critical in the development of underachievement in 100 high school students identified as intellectually gifted, where 18 of the students were identified as underachieving. Data were collected on each student, including IQ scores, age identified as gifted, gender, final…

Goots, Pamela Bertozzi

272

Teacher-Student Relationship Quality Type in Elementary Grades: Effects on Trajectories for Achievement and Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher, peer, and student reports of the quality of the teacher-student relationship were obtained for an ethnically diverse and academically at-risk sample of 706 second- and third-grade students. Cluster analysis identified four types of relationships based on the consistency of child reports of support and conflict in the relationship with…

Wu, Jiun-Yu; Hughes, Jan N.; Kwok, Oi-Man

2010-01-01

273

Children's Perceptions of Parental Attitude Affecting Breakfast Skipping in Primary Sixth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Breakfast skipping is an international public health concern. This study investigated the prevalence of breakfast skipping among primary sixth-grade students in Hong Kong and the impact of students' perceptions of parental attitudes on breakfast skipping. Methods: A total of 426 students aged 10-14 years in 4 local schools participated…

Cheng, Tereza Sy; Tse, Lap Ah; Yu, Ignatius Tak-Sun; Griffiths, Sian

2008-01-01

274

Middle Grade Students of Iris County: A Descriptive Study from Southern Appalachia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sixth, seventh, and eighth grade students (N=301) from a rural county in Tennessee (Iris County is a pseudonym) completed a Rural School Success Inventory (RSSI) and the Learning Styles Inventory (LSI). The study explored differences between low Socioeconomic Status (SES) students and middle/high SES students. The RSSI provided information about…

Phelps, Margaret S.; And Others

275

Fourth-grade Elementary Students' Conceptions of Standards-based Lunar Concepts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fourth?grade students’ knowledge of observable moon phases and patterns of change, as well as conceptual understanding of the cause of moon phases, was investigated before and after special instruction. Pretest and post?test data for 48 students were used to address the research question related to observable moon phases and patterns of change. Interviews were conducted with 10 students on a

Kathy Cabe Trundle; Ronald K. Atwood; John E. Christopher

2007-01-01

276

Neither Even nor Odd: Sixth Grade Students' Dilemmas Regarding the Parity of Zero  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates two sixth grade students' dilemmas regarding the parity of zero. Both students originally claimed that zero was neither even nor odd. Interviews revealed a conflict between students' formal definitions of even numbers and their concept images of even numbers, zero, and division. These images were supported by practically…

Levenson, Esther; Tsamir, Pessia; Tirosh, Dina

2007-01-01

277

Loneliness among Students with Special Educational Needs in Mainstream Seventh Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goals of this study were twofold. The first aim was to explore loneliness prevalence in typically developing students, students with ASD and students with motor and/or sensory disabilities in mainstream 7th grade in Belgium. The second aim was to explore the relations between number of friends, friendship quality, social self-concept on the…

Bossaert, Goele; Colpin, Hilde; Pijl, Sip Jan; Petry, Katja

2012-01-01

278

Fifth Grade Students' Understanding of Ratio and Proportion in an Engineering Robotics Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research described in this dissertation explores the impact of utilizing a LEGO-robotics integrated engineering and mathematics program to support fifth grade students' learning of ratios and proportion in an extracurricular program. The research questions guiding this research study were (1) how do students' test results compare for students

Ortiz, Araceli Martinez

2010-01-01

279

Providing Fourth Grade Students with Support Systems and Experiences To Enhance Academic Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A practicum was designed to utilize various techniques to: (1) improve the involvement of parents and volunteers in the education of fourth grade students; (2) help the students develop a more positive attitude toward self, school, home, and community; and (3) increase students' school attendance rate and participation in school and community…

Jennings, Mary H.

280

A Study of the Level of Achievement Motivation and Its Relation to Student Grades in Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between the level of achievement motivation of Essex County College students and their grades in psychology. Forty-one ECC students, both male and female, predominantly lower-class black students, took part in the study. The level of achievement motivation was measured in terms of the scores a person obtained…

Coleman, Thomas R.

281

Correlation between the Physical Activity Level and Grade Point Averages of Faculty of Education Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the study is to find the correlation that exists between physical activity level and grade point averages of faculty of education students. The subjects consist of 359 (172 females and 187 males) under graduate students To determine the physical activity levels of the students in this research, International Physical Activity…

Imdat, Yarim

2014-01-01

282

Using Poetry to Improve Fluency and Comprehension in Third-Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the effects of repeated choral reading of poetry on fluency and comprehension of third-grade students (N = 76) in the southeastern United States. Student attitudes toward poetry were also measured. Students served in regular, remedial, and special education were taught reading using the school's basal series for four weeks. Choral repeated reading of poetry was then added

Karen E. Newsome

283

Presenting California State University Admission Requirements to Tenth Grade Students: A Pilot Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to introduce information about the new California State University freshman admission requirements to high school students, an outreach program has been developed in the university's feeder high schools, particularly those with large numbers of minority students. A pilot project was conducted with tenth grade students in Alhambra High…

Meacham, Isabel; Bachmann, George

284

Turning Points: A Transitional Story of Grade Seven Music Students' Participation in High School Band Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a framework for our study, a broad set of themes related to the retention of students in music programmes are presented to enhance our understanding of how to retain band students. Data were collected from grade seven students comprising four focus groups. We used ethnodrama, an arts-based educational research approach, to represent results as…

Gouzouasis, Peter; Henrey, Julia; Belliveau, George

2008-01-01

285

The Influence of Circadian Type, Time of Day and Class Difficulty on Students' Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: In this paper we investigate how students' class grades are affected by individual differences in circadian rhythm, class time-of-day and class difficulty. Method: Using a sample of university students, we assessed morningness and eveningness personality type, and then obtained students recalled classes as well as their…

McElroy, Todd; Mosteller, Lynn

2006-01-01

286

Using Dynamic Geometry Software to Improve Eight Grade Students' Understanding of Transformation Geometry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the effect of dynamic geometry software (DGS) on students' learning of transformation geometry. A pre- and post-test quasi-experimental design was used. Participants in the study were 68 eighth grade students (36 in the experimental group and 32 in the control group). While the experimental group students were studying the…

Guven, Bulent

2012-01-01

287

Arizona?s Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS DPA). Student Guide. Grade 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards Dual Purpose Assessment (AIMS DPA) is a combination of two separate tests. One test is AIMS, which measures how well the student knows the reading, writing, and mathematics content that all Arizona students in the student's grade level are expected to know and be able to do. AIMS DPA includes…

Arizona Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

288

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS DPA). Student Guide. Grade 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards Dual Purpose Assessment (AIMS DPA) is a combination of two separate tests. One test is AIMS, which measures how well the student knows the reading, writing, and mathematics content that all Arizona students in the student's grade level are expected to know and be able to do. AIMS DPA includes…

Arizona Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

289

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS DPA). Student Guide. Grade 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards Dual Purpose Assessment (AIMS DPA) is a combination of two separate tests. One test is AIMS, which measures how well the student knows the reading, writing, and mathematics content that all Arizona students in the student's grade level are expected to know and be able to do. AIMS DPA includes…

Arizona Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

290

Reading Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities in the Upper Elementary Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For students with learning disabilities, the upper elementary grades may represent a unique opportunity to provide successful remediation for lessening a reading difficulty and preventing students with learning disabilities from falling behind in other content areas. This article discusses effective reading interventions for students with learning…

Wanzek, Jeanne; Kent, Shawn C.

2012-01-01

291

Concept Mapping in Science Class: A Case Study of Fifth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research project was to determine the effects of incorporating concept mapping on the achievement of fifth grade students in science class. The study was conducted with twenty-three students at Ata Elementary School, Trabzon, Turkey. The students were tested with teacher-constructed pre- and post tests containing 20…

Asan, Askin

2007-01-01

292

Peer Contexts: Do Old for Grade and Retained Peers Influence Student Behavior in Middle School?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Many school systems have ended social promotion by implementing accountability systems where students who fail academic assessments are retained in grade. Additionally, some parents have delayed their children's entry into school, believing that older students have an advantage. While research has examined outcomes for students

Muschkin, Clara G.; Glennie, Elizabeth; Beck, Audrey N.

2014-01-01

293

Examining One Class of Third-Grade Spellers: The Diagnostic Potential of Students' Spelling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to examine the developmental spelling levels of one class of 17 third-grade students. In analyzing over 600 student spelling samples, results indicate that these students spanned four spelling stages: (1) letter name, (2) within word pattern, (3) syllables and affixes, and (4) derivational relations (Bear,…

Ness, Molly K.

2010-01-01

294

Grade 1 Students Meet David Wiesner's "Three Pigs."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the oral, written, and visual arts responses of a group of Grade 1 children. Discusses first grade children's understandings of and responses to several Radical Change characteristics and metafictive techniques found in David Wiesner's "The Three Pigs" (2001), the 2002 Randolph Caldecott Medal winner. Explores the nature of the literary…

Pantaleo, Sylvia

2002-01-01

295

The Complexities of Culturally Relevant Pedagogy: A Case Study of Two Secondary Mathematics Teachers and Their ESOL Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Culturally relevant pedagogy is not well understood as an instructional strategy in the mathematics classroom. This study reveals the challenges two teachers faced when they implemented a pilot project with ninth and tenth grade ESOL students. The task they envisioned as culturally relevant did not capture their ESOL student's interests; rather,…

Leonard, Jacqueline; Napp, Carolina; Adeleke, Shade

2009-01-01

296

An Examination of the Impact of Successive and Non-Successive Geometry Classes on High School Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the impact of successive versus non-successive scheduling of mathematics courses on the achievement of ninth-grade students in a suburban Oregon high school. The Oregon Assessment of Knowledge and Skills and student performance on the geometry course final exam were employed to compare the achievement of intact groups of…

Sugg, Steven L.

2012-01-01

297

An Investigation of Students' Meaningful Causal Thinking Abilities in Terms of Academic Achievement, Reading Comprehension and Gender  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this study is to investigate whether students' meaningful causal thinking abilities vary with their academic achievement levels, reading comprehension abilities, and gender. The sample of the study consisted of 124 ninth grade students attending a secondary school in Adana City Seyhan District during 2008-2009 academic year.…

Berkant, Hasan Guner

2009-01-01

298

Cooperative, competitive, and individualistic science laboratory interaction patterns - effects on students' achievement and acquisition of practical skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using 1025 junior secondary class three (ninth grade) students and twelve science teachers, this study investigated the effects of cooperative, competitive, and individualistic science laboratory interaction patterns on students' achievement in science and the level of acquisition of practical skills. A 3 × 3 (interaction pattern by ability) factorial model was employed for data gathering. Significant main and interaction effects

Peter A. Okebukola; Meshach B. Ogunniyi

1984-01-01

299

High School Students' Experiences in a Sport Education Unit: The Importance of Team Autonomy and Problem-Solving Opportunities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined high school students' experiences in a Sport Education unit being implemented with smaller teams and fewer roles. The participants included one physical education teacher and her 70 ninth-grade students. Each week, we conducted two to three observations and four to six informal interviews with the participants for over eight…

Smither, Katelyn; Xihe Zhu,

2011-01-01

300

Developing and Validating Instruments for Measuring Democratic Climate of the Civic Education Classroom and Student Engagement in North Sulawesi, Indonesia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the Rasch Rating Scale model, data collected from 200 ninth grade students in North Sulawesi Indonesia were analysed. This analysis sought to validate instruments developed to measure the Democratic Climate of Civic Education Classrooms (DCCEC) and Student Engagement in Civic Education Classrooms (SECEC). Category used, item and person…

Mappiasse, Sulaiman

2006-01-01

301

The Role of Symbolic Logic in a Student's Mathematical Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between logic and mathematics is examined. Four basic concepts inherent in symbolic logic that are typically included in ninth- and tenth-grade mathematics programs are reviewed. Symbolic logic is advocated for all students who will study algebra and/or geometry. (MP)

Sharlow, John F.

1981-01-01

302

Testing the Efficacy of INSIGHTS on Student Disruptive Behavior, Classroom Management, and Student Competence in Inner City Primary Grades  

Microsoft Academic Search

A prevention trial tested the efficacy of INSIGHTS into Children’s Temperament as compared to a Read Aloud attention control condition in reducing student disruptive behavior and enhancing student competence\\u000a and teacher classroom management. Participants included 116 first and second grade students, their parents, and their 42 teachers\\u000a in six inner city schools. Teachers completed the Sutter-Eyberg Student Behavior Inventory (SESBI)

Sandra Graham McClowry; David L. Snow; Catherine S. Tamis-LeMonda; Eileen T. Rodriguez

2010-01-01

303

A Survey of Student Assessment Practice in Physical Education: Recommendations for Grading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the physical education discipline, there has been debate and a lack of consensus with regard to the relevancy of various factors used for the determination of student grades such as attendance, being dressed in a physical education uniform, and participation. To examine current professional practice with respect to grading in physical…

Young, Shawna

2011-01-01

304

The Effectiveness of the Touch Math Program with Fourth and Fifth Grade Special Education Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The math achievement of third and fourth grade special education students has been identified as an area of concern within a public school located in a small rural town located on the east coast. The purpose of this action research study was to investigate whether or not the Touch Math strategy increased the math ability of third and fourth grade

Green, Nora D.

2009-01-01

305

What Influences Eighth-Grade Hispanic Students' Academic Achievement? A Structural Equation Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A structural model of school learning was tested to examine both direct and indirect influences of previous grades, quality of instruction, motivation, quantity of instruction, and homework on Hispanic-American eighth-grade students' academic achievement, while controlling for background variables. The model was analyzed with path analytic…

Hernandez-Gantes, Victor M.

306

Language patterns and gender role orientation among students in grades 3–12  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated current generic referent usage among 1,529 public school children in grades 3–12. The results indicated that, in spite of a growing body of research which has expressed concern over the prevalent use of the masculine generic, there was little evidence that overall referent usage patterns have been modified. Among male students, usage patterns differentiated by grade level

Virginia P. Richmond; Joan Gorham

1988-01-01

307

Factors Affecting Literacy Achievement of Eighth Grade Middle School Instrumental Music Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this pretest-posttest comparative efficacy study was to analyze factors affecting literacy achievement of eighth grade middle school instrumental music students (n = 38) including (a) socioeconomic status (SES), (b) gender, (c) grade point average (GPA), (d) music motivation, (e) music involvement, and (f) instrument section. The…

Kurt, Johnny T.

2010-01-01

308

What Do Student Grades Mean? Differences across Schools. Education Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In spite of widespread concerns about low academic achievement nationally, parents generally have expressed satisfaction with their own children's achievement and schools, largely because their children's grades suggest that they are doing well. This report examines what student grades tell about achievement through the use of data from the…

Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC. Office of Research.

309

Can First and Second Grade Students Benefit from an Alcohol Use Prevention Program?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Protecting You/Protecting Me (PY/PM) is a classroombased, alcohol use prevention and vehicle safety program for elementary students from first through fifth grades developed by Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD). PY/PM is one of the first alcohol prevention programs to target children as early as first grade. The focus of this study is on the…

Bell, Mary Lou; Padget, Alison; Kelley-Baker, Tara; Rider, Raamses

2007-01-01

310

Delaware Student Testing Program. Work Sampling Assessment: Kindergarten and First Grade Development Guidelines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes domains to be covered by the Work Sampling Assessment of the Delaware Student Testing Programs Kindergarten and First Grade assessment. It contains guidelines to the skills children should demonstrate at these grades. It also describes indicators of these skills in terms of specific achievements. For Kindergarten, the first…

Delaware State Dept. of Education, Dover.

311

Gender, Grade, and Ethnic Differences in Student Attitudes and Perception of Harm Toward Substance Use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inconclusive research results have emerged regarding students' attitudes and perception of harm toward substance use. Additionally, researchers have found mixed results regarding the combination of gender, grade level, and ethnicity with attitude toward use and perception of harm for drug usage. The current study attempts to explore the effects of gender, grade level and ethnicity on drug attitudes and perceived

Eric C. Albers; Linda K. Santangelo; George McKinlay; Steve Cavote; Stephen L. Rock

2002-01-01

312

Grade-Aligned Math Instruction for Secondary Students with Moderate Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of grade-aligned math instruction on math skill acquisition of four middle schools with moderate intellectual disability. Teachers were trained to follow a task analysis to teach grade-aligned math to middle school students using adapted math problem stories and graphic organizers. The teacher…

Browder, Diane M.; Jimenez, Bree A.; Trela, Katherine

2012-01-01

313

Meeting the Needs of Students with LD in the Middle Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers principals some suggestions to help middle school teachers increase the success of students with learning disabilities. For example, discuss and implement grading policies that recognize and reward effort and achievement. (PKP)

Ring, Mary M.; Reetz, Linda

2003-01-01

314

Classroom Quality and Student Engagement: Contributions to Third-Grade Reading Skills  

PubMed Central

This study, using NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development longitudinal data, investigated the effects of classroom quality and students’ third-grade behavioral engagement on students’ third-grade reading achievement (n?=?1,364) and also examined the extent to which students’ third-grade behavioral engagement mediated the association between classroom quality and children's reading skills. SEM results revealed that controlling for family socio economic risk and students’ first-grade reading achievement, classroom quality significantly, and positively predicted children's behavioral engagement, which in turn predicted greater reading achievement. Higher levels of children's behavioral engagement were associated with higher reading achievement. Implications for policy and practice are discussed. PMID:21779272

Guo, Ying; Connor, Carol McDonald; Tompkins, Virginia; Morrison, Frederick J.

2011-01-01

315

Helping Students Adapt to Graduate School: Making the Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, formulated by the Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry (GAP) Committee on the College Student, describes the complexity of graduate student lives and advocates providing students with mental health services and other support to help them cope more successfully with the challenges of graduate school. It provides a view of students

Silber, Earle; Arnstein, Robert L.; Backus, Varda; Eddy, Harrison P.; Liptzin, Myron B.; Notman, Malkah Tolpin; Reich, Peter; Reid, Elizabeth Aub; Siggins, Lorraine D.; Silverman, Morton; Stauffer, Tom G.; Wenger, Robert E.

316

Reproducibility of a School-Based Nutrition Monitoring Questionnaire in Fourth Grade Elementary School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assessment of nutrition-related behaviors is dependent on the development of reliable instruments. The objective of this study was to assess the reliability of a School-Based Nutrition Monitoring (SBNM) Questionnaire for 4th grade elementary school students using a test-retest study design. The study population included 322 fourth grade students from 2 school districts in the Houston area. To assess test-retest reproducibility,

M. A. Phillips; D. H. Montgomery

1998-01-01

317

Gaining Ground in the Middle Grades: Why Some Schools Do Better. A Large-Scale Study of Middle Grades Practices and Student Outcomes. Technical Appendix B  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This appendix focuses on the descriptive statistics of the middle study schools that participated in the "Gaining Ground in the Middle Grades: Why Some Schools Do Better. A Large-Scale Study of Middle Grades Practices and Student Outcomes. Initial Research." This appendix contains the following figures: (1) Student demographics/background; (2)…

EdSource, 2010

2010-01-01

318

How Much Is that Exam Grade Really Worth? An Estimation of Student Risk Aversion to Their Unknown Final College Course Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study created an experimental design with which students can empirically assess their risk behavior with respect to exam grades within an expected utility framework. Specifically, the authors analyzed students' risk preferences associated with taking exams and earning a "risky" unknown grade versus not taking exams and instead obtaining a…

Nalley, Lanier; McKenzie, Andrew

2011-01-01

319

The Relationship between Curriculum-Based Measures in Oral Reading Fluency and High-Stakes Tests for Seventh Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between oral reading fluency and performance on a statewide reading achievement test for middle grades students. Participants in this study were 75 seventh grade students. One month before the students were administered the state test, each student read three probes from their current…

Hunley, Sawyer A.; Davies, Susan C.; Miller, Christina R.

2013-01-01

320

Patterns of Hispanic Students' Math Skill Proficiency in the Early Elementary Grades  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we describe patterns of Hispanic students' math skill development during elementary school using data from a nationally representative sample of Hispanic students assessed in math skills from kindergarten through 5th grade. Several robust patterns are evident. First, Hispanic students enter kindergarten with average math skills significantly lower than those of native-born, non-Hispanic White students, and similar to

Sean F. Reardon; Claudia Galindo

2007-01-01

321

A Comparison of Anxiety Levels of Student Teachers Taking Pass/Fail versus Grade in Student Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study indicated that student teaching is an anxiety-producing experience but little difference exists between students taking it by pass/fail and those taking it by grade. Both tended to experience loss of sleep and appetite changes and higher anxiety levels when confronted with situations involving the university coordinator. (NQA)

Yarbro, Richard C.

1982-01-01

322

All Students Can Learn: Effects of Curriculum Alignment on the Mathematics Achievement of Third-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study involved over 4,000 third grade students in a large (90,000+) suburban-emerging-urban school district. The purpose of the study was to examine the effectiveness of curriculum alignment on student achievement in mathematics as measured by the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (IOWA) after one year of implementation in the DeKalb County School…

Mitchell, Felicia Moss

323

A Comparison of Level of Understanding of Eighth-Grade Students and Science Student Teachers Related to Selected Chemistry Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to investigate and compare level of understanding of eighth-grade students and student teachers in their final year in the science education department related to concepts of solution, gas, and chemical change. A qualitative and quantitative methodology was used for this investigation. Open-ended questions and group…

Calik, Muammer; Ayas, Alipasa

2005-01-01

324

Student Self-Concept and Effort: Gender and Grade Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students' self-concept and effort in schoolwork are known to have significant influences on essential academic outcomes, but self-concept and effort may decline as students grow up. Students from 16 schools in Sydney (N = 2200) were asked to rate on two self-concept components (competency and affect) and effort in schoolwork. Based on measures…

Yeung, Alexander Seeshing

2011-01-01

325

Student Name: _______________________________________________________________ Course Prefix Credits Pre-Reqs Grade Semester  

E-print Network

and instrumental students take the following courses: Intro to Music Education MUE 2040 2 MUT 1241, MUT 1112, MUE a separate application. The student must complete all courses (education and music), piano proficiency the College of Education The student must complete all courses (education and music), piano proficiency

Fernandez, Eduardo

326

Early Grade Retention and Student Success: Evidence from Los Angeles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When a student fails to master academic material, educators face a range of choices--they can provide extra tutoring, place the student in summer school, or, as a last resort, hold the student back for a year. This last option--retention--often proves to be a difficult and contentious issue for both schools and parents. California currently lacks…

Cannon, Jill S.; Lipscomb, Stephen

2011-01-01

327

When the Tail Wags the Dog: Perceptions of Learning and Grade Orientation in, and by, Contemporary College Students and Faculty.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three investigations assessed how concurrent emphases on the intrinsic value of learning and the importance of grades affect college student and instructor views of themselves and of one another. Results suggest that students and instructors have compatible learning and grade orientation ideals, but that current grading practices adversely affect…

Pollio, Howard R.; Beck, Hall P.

2000-01-01

328

Expectations of teachers for physically handicapped and normal first grade students.  

PubMed

A descriptive study was conducted to determine whether teachers held different student role expectations for physically handicapped first grade students than they did for physically normal students. Contrary to predictions, results demonstrated that the teachers held statistically significantly higher expectations for the physically handicapped students. Such differences might be due to social desirability (responding in what appears to be a socially acceptable manner), or to a "haloing" of expectations for physically handicapped students. The teachers' inflated expectations could result in negative reactions toward handicapped students who do not demonstrate anticipated behaviors or live up to inflated expectations. PMID:160194

Furgang, N T; Yerxa, E J

1979-11-01

329

End of Course Grades and Standardized Test Scores: Are Grades Predictive of Student Achievement?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the extent to which end-of-course grades are predictive of Virginia Standards of Learning test scores in nine high school content areas. It also analyzed the impact of the variables school cluster attended, gender, ethnicity, disability status, Limited English Proficiency status, and socioeconomic status on the relationship…

Ricketts, Christine R.

2010-01-01

330

Role models and student attitudes toward nontraditional careers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the immediate and delayed attitudinal effects of presenting ninth-grade students with career information and role models in two media forms, slide\\/tape and print. On an immediate measure, both the slide\\/tape and print treatments had a significant positive effect on student attitudes toward the suitability of nontraditional careers for both men and women. Students also had more positive

Wilhelmina C. Savenye

1990-01-01

331

Traditional Grades or Pass-Fail? Part III--Student Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the use of numerical grades or a pass-fail system at the first-professional degree level in a health professions college, this paper provides the results and analysis of a student survey. Some 73 percent of student respondents felt that academic achievement was not affected by pass-fail. (LBH)

Gibley, Charles W., Jr.; Davis, Robert H.

1978-01-01

332

Environmental Attitudes, Knowledge, and Behaviors of Missouri 6th- and 12th-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Missouri Department of Conservation (MDC) produces various environmental materials for preschool, elementary, and secondary students and sponsors outdoor education programs. An MDC-sponsored survey of students in grades 6 and 12 found moderate levels of environmental knowledge, with weaknesses in the areas of biodiversity, wetlands, and…

Greene, Janice Schnake; Roddiger, Brian; Drysdale, Li'anne; Gray, Ginger; Merrigan, Colleen; Witter, Dan

2000-01-01

333

Working and Non-Working University Students: Anxiety, Depression, and Grade Point Average  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the differences between 110 working and non-working students in terms of mental health, academic achievement, and perceptions about student employment. Anxiety and depression were measured by the Beck Anxiety Inventory and the Beck Depression Inventory-II. Academic achievement was measured by grade point average. Perceptions of…

Mounsey, Rebecca; Vandehey, Michael A.; Diekhoff, George M.

2013-01-01

334

Exploring Grade 7 Students’ Written Responses to Shaun Tan’s The Arrival  

Microsoft Academic Search

During two multifaceted, classroom-based research projects, Grade 7 students had opportunities to develop their understanding of metafictive devices and art and design elements by reading a selection of picturebooks and graphic novels. The students also had the opportunity to apply their knowledge and create their own multimodal print texts. This article focuses on The Arrival (Shaun Tan, 2006), one of

Sylvia Pantaleo; Alexandra Bomphray

2011-01-01

335

At the University of Houston, our student athletes are not graded by the number of  

E-print Network

At the University of Houston, our student athletes are not graded by the number of games won in grit and determination. UH ATHLETICS #12;17 3NBA's Top 50 Greatest Players 5NCAA Men's Final Four and Olympic gold, our student-athletes are more determined than ever to write their own pages in our story

Azevedo, Ricardo

336

Internet Use and Online Literacy among Middle Grade Students at Risk of Dropping out of School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research provides an analysis of Internet use and online literacy skill among seventh-grade students who were identified as having a high risk for school dropout. Participants (n = 1,025) included students from 12 middle schools in 9 school districts. Six of the schools were located in rural and urban districts in the Northeast United States…

Hutchinson, Amy; Henry, Laurie A.

2010-01-01

337

Using Multiple Representations to Promote Grade 11 Students' Scientific Understanding of the Particle Theory of Matter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored two groups of Grade 11 (age 16-17) students' conceptual understandings about aspects of particle theory before, immediately after, and 3 months after instruction with multiple representations (IMR) and instruction with verbal representations (IVR). Data sources included open-ended questionnaires, interviews, and student

Adadan, Emine

2013-01-01

338

Mathematical Communications: Elementary Pre-Service Teachers' E-Mail Exchanges with Sixth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the communication between pre-service teachers and sixth grade students in a project in which email was used for communication as students learned about fractions and were supported by the pre-service teachers. Specifically, the study investigated how the pre-service teachers applied their mathematical knowledge to understand…

Tunc-Pekkan, Zelha; D'Ambrosio, Beatriz S.

2009-01-01

339

A Case Study on the Local Organization of Two Mathematically Gifted Seventh-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the performance of two mathematically gifted Korean 7th-grade students in tasks involving local organization in geometry. The students understood the necessity of definitions and starting points in defining terms and organizing geometrical properties. They improved the clarity of their definitions and arranged the properties…

Yim, Jaehoon; Chong, Yeong Ok; Song, Sang Hun; Kwon, Seokil

2008-01-01

340

Experimental Evidence on the Effect of Grading Incentives on Student Learning in Spain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors aim to identify the causal effect of the use of graded problem sets on academic performance of Spanish students. The identification strategy relies on an experiment in which the authors exploit variation arising from observing the performance of nearly 300 students taking the same class during the same semester and…

Artes, Joaquin; Rahona, Marta

2013-01-01

341

Providing Practical Applications of Computer Technology for Fifth Grade Students in Career Awareness Laboratories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practicum addressed the problem of providing practical computer application experiences to fifth grade students as they relate to real life work situations. The primary goal was to have students become cognizant of computer functions within the work setting as contrasted with viewing computer activities as instruments used for games or…

Pereno, Joan S.

342

Cell Block: The Creation of a Video Game for Seventh Grade Science Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today's classroom model is based on a 19 th century industrial model that is not designed to serve the needs of current 21 st century students. This paper details the design and creation of a two-dimensional, side-scrolling video game on cell structure and function of the typical animal cell for seventh grade science students in an intermediate school in Hawaii.

Deanna M. K. Reece

343

How Fifth-Grade Students Use Story Mapping to Aid Their Reading Comprehension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This thesis examined the reading comprehension process of three fifth-grade students who demonstrated the ability to read and write fluently but had difficulties remembering and understanding important information about what they read. The aim of this research was to develop and implement an effective teaching strategy for low-achieving students

Weih, Timothy G.

2000-01-01

344

Assessing and Dealing with School-Related Stress in Grades 3-12 Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Certain aspects of a school environment can be stressful for students. The School Situation Survey (SSS) was developed to assess school-related stress among students in grades 3 through 12. The seven scales of the SSS assess four sources of stress (Teacher Interactions, Academic Stress, Peer Interactions, Academic Self-Concept) and three…

Helms, Barbara J.; Gable, Robert K.

345

The Reliability and Usability of a Semantic Differential Attitude Scale with Third through Fifth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An attitude questionnaire, administered to third, fourth, and fifth grade students, is discussed. The questionnaire, "How I Feel," was composed of a packet of directions to the teacher, directions to the student with sample questions, and 11 concepts, each of which was evaluated by six bipolar adjective pairs that were chosen because of their…

Oles, Henry J.; Bolvin, John O.

346

The Effects of Task Demands and Additive Interspersal Ratios on Fifth-Grade Students' Mathematics Accuracy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assignments were altered to determine if interspersing additional briefer and easier mathematics problems enhanced students' accuracy on longer, more difficult target problems across two types of mathematics assignments. Students (N = 52) from three fifth-grade classes completed six math assignments incorporating two task demands and three…

Hawkins, James; Skinner, Christopher H.; Oliver, Renee

2005-01-01

347

Increasing Constructive Behavior of Intermediate Grade Students through the Use of The Response Cost Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research project was to increase constructive behavior of intermediate grade students through the use of the response cost strategy. Approximately 70 students participated in this study. Three teacher researchers conducted the research in an elementary school and two middle schools in different counties near a major mid-western…

Bauer, Heather; Burno, Carolyn; Millstone, Teresa

2009-01-01

348

Reducing Test Anxiety and Improving Academic Performance in Fourth Grade Students: Exploring an Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quantitative study investigated the effectiveness of a teacher-implemented intervention of eight sessions integrated into an existing curriculum to reduce test anxiety and improve academic performance in fourth grade students. The experimental group, n=23 was drawn from a sample of 64 students in a southwestern Rhode Island public school…

Donato, Jeanne M.

2009-01-01

349

Enabling Teachers to Explore Grade Patterns to Identify Individual Needs and Promote Fairer Student Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exploring student test, homework, and other assessment scores is a challenge for most teachers, especially when attempting to identify cross-assessment weaknesses and produce final course grades. During the course, teachers need to identify subject weaknesses in order to help students who are struggling with a particular topic. This identification…

Friedler, Sorelle A.; Tan, Yee Lin; Peer, Nir J.; Shneiderman, Ben

2008-01-01

350

Consuming Educational Services: A Curriculum Module for Eleventh Grade Students in the State of New York.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document presents a curriculum module designed to help 11th grade students become intelligent consumers of educational services by focusing on relevant contemporary legal developments. The major goal is to promote students' awareness and understanding of their role as consumers of educational services, their rights and obligations, legal…

Fischer, Louis; Schimmel, David

351

Truth: Humanities Unit (Middle and Secondary Grade Levels). Programs for Gifted Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One in a series of instructional units designed for gifted students, this booklet describes a humanities unit for students in middle and secondary grades. The specific focus of the unit is on truth as it is perceived and expressed in philosophy, literature, art, music, drama, and the social sciences. The study of truth and its surrounding concepts…

Abbott, Barbara; Kolman, Peter

352

Grade 5 Students' Online Argumentation about Their In-Class Inquiry Investigations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the extent to which fifth-grade students participate in online argumentation and the argument patterns they produced about the inquiry-based investigations completed using the Science Writing Heuristic approach in their science classes. One hundred twenty-nine students from five classes of two teachers in a Midwestern public…

Choi, Aeran; Hand, Brian; Norton-Meier, Lori

2014-01-01

353

Student Evaluations of Teaching: Effects of the Big Five Personality Traits, Grades and the Validity Hypothesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the current study was to examine whether the Big Five personality traits and expected student grades relate to student evaluations of teachers and courses at the college level. Extraversion, openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness were found to be personality traits favoured in instructors, whereas neuroticism was not. A…

Patrick, Carol Lynn

2011-01-01

354

Chinese and Singaporean Sixth-Grade Students' Strategies for Solving Problems about Speed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined 361 Chinese and 345 Singaporean sixth-grade students' performance and problem-solving strategies for solving 14 problems about speed. By focusing on students from two distinct high-performing countries in East Asia, we provide a useful perspective on the differences that exist in the preparation and problem-solving…

Jiang, Chunlian; Hwang, Stephen; Cai, Jinfa

2014-01-01

355

Factors Influencing Mathematical Problem-Solving Achievement of Seventh Grade Turkish Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is known that there are many factors affecting students' problem-solving abilities. In this study, the influence of seventh-grade students' affective factors, their academic success, their gender and their families' educational levels on their problem-solving achievement was examined. To achieve this aim, a Problem-Solving Attitude Scale, a…

Guven, Bulent; Cabakcor, Buket Ozum

2013-01-01

356

Primary Grade Students Engage in Creative Word Play through Traditional and Hands-On Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Word play is an important skill allowing product names, show titles, jokes, poetry and other writings or orations to be interesting, entertaining and well-remembered. This pretest--posttest counterbalanced study compared two instructional approaches for teaching second and third grade students (n = 71) word play skills. Students at a public…

Webb, Angela Naomi; Rule, Audrey C.; Cavanaugh, Adrianna D.; Munson, Angel

2014-01-01

357

Increasing Reflective Writing and Goal Setting Skills on High Ability Sixth Grade Mathematics Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A practicum was developed and implemented to help identify, give direction to, and build self-motivation in high ability sixth-grade students attending a magnet school in a progressive, fast-growing southwestern school district. It was felt that students must be in the driver's seat for them to have ownership for working up to their potential.…

Edwins, Sharon D.

358

The Long-Term Effects of Strategy-Focussed Writing Instruction for Grade Six Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We compared 56 eighth-grade students who, 28 months previously, had received instruction in strategies for planning and revising their writing, with 21 students of similar academic ability from the same school who had not experienced the intervention. Both groups wrote an expository essay whilst logging their writing activities and completed…

Fidalgo, Raquel; Torrance, Mark; Garcia, Jesus-Nicasio

2008-01-01

359

The Effect of Teachers' Cultural Proficiency Training on Sixth Grade Students' Reading Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the overall reading achievement of African American (n = 42) and White (n = 21) sixth grade students in an urban Midwestern school, after their teachers' engaged in culturally proficiency training provided by The Minnesota Humanities Center. Data for students in the study was collected for comprehension levels or acuity…

Wells-Rivers, Diane

2011-01-01

360

Bystanders to Bullying: Fourth-to Seventh-Grade Students' Perspectives on Their Reactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim with the present study was to investigate bystander actions in bullying situations as well as reasons behind these actions as they are articulated by Swedish students from fourth to seventh grade. Forty-three semi-structured individual interviews were conducted with students. Qualitative analysis of data was performed by methods from…

Forsberg, Camilla; Thornberg, Robert; Samuelsson, Marcus

2014-01-01

361

Seventh Grade Students' Perceptions of Motivation Factors in the Mathematics Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite reform efforts, the mathematics achievement of middle school students in America remains below expectations. Research supports the role of motivation in academic achievement and the possible merit of including student perspectives in reform. The purpose of this mixed methods study was to identify, understand, and report seventh grade

Keaney, Elizabeth Anderson

2012-01-01

362

Thai Grade 10 and 11 Students' Conceptual Understanding and Ability to Solve Stoichiometry Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stoichiometry and related concepts are an important part of student learning in chemistry. In this interpretive-based inquiry, we investigated Thai Grade 10 and 11 students' conceptual understanding and ability to solve numerical problems for stoichiometry-related concepts. Ninety-seven participants completed a purpose-designed survey instrument…

Dahsah, Chanyah; Coll, Richard K.

2007-01-01

363

Thai Grade 10 and 11 Students' Understanding of Stoichiometry and Related Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research reported in this case study explores the understanding of stoichiometry and related concepts of Thai science students in grades 10 and 11 after major national curriculum reforms. Students' conceptions and alternative conceptions were investigated using a questionnaire--the "Stoichiometry Concept Questionnaire" (SCQ) (N = 97), which…

Dahsah, Chanyah; Coll, Richard Kevin

2008-01-01

364

Students' and Teachers' Perceptions and Use of Sixth Grade Social Studies Textbooks in Champaign Middle Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The attitudes of grade 6 middle school students and teachers toward their social studies textbook, "American Neighbors," (Macmillan, 1980) were measured through conversations, interviews, classroom observations, questionnaires, attitude measures, student letters to textbook authors, and a metaphor task. The case study, which took place between…

Crismore, Avon

365

An Assessment of Grade Four Students Learning: The Case of Jimma Town  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed at investigating grade four students learning at Jimma town, Ethiopia. A cross sectional survey method was employed. Students, teachers and principals were participants of the study. Standardized tests, questionnaire, interview and observation were the instruments used to collect authentic information from the research…

Lemma, Abbi; Regasa, Tadese; Hailu, Ewnetu; Sime, Tariku; Ferede, Bekalu; Tolemariam, Taye; Dejene, Tariku

2014-01-01

366

The Effect of Shared Reading on Sixth Grade Students' Motivation to Read and Reading Comprehension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine whether there are changes in student motivation to read and reading comprehension when the instructional strategy of shared reading is used with sixth grade students. The quasi-experimental design for the study was based on the pretest-posttest nonequivalent control group design. The sample for the study…

Hollimon, Deborah Neal

2008-01-01

367

Rethinking Exams and Letter Grades: How Much Can Teachers Delegate to Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we report a 3-yr study of a large-enrollment Cell Biology course focused on developing student skill in scientific reasoning and data interpretation. Specifically, the study tested the hypothesis that converting the role of exams from summative grading devices to formative tools would increase student success in acquiring those…

Kitchen, Elizabeth; King, Summer H.; Robison, Diane F.; Sudweeks, Richard R.; Bradshaw, William S.; Bell, John D.

2006-01-01

368

Assessing AIM: A Study of Grade 8 Students in an Ontario School Board  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed-method study examines the proficiency in and perceptions of French language learning of Grade 8 students who were exposed to an instructional approach called the Accelerative Integrated Method (AIM). Six AIM classes (n = 125) and six non-AIM classes (n = 135) were observed and their students tested using a four-skills French as a second…

Mady, Callie; Arnott, Stephanie; Lapkin, Sharon

2009-01-01

369

Gender Association of Musical Instruments and Preferences of Fourth-Grade Students for Selected Instruments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides research findings concerning the musical instrument preferences of fourth grade students. Finds that, although gender associations with certain instruments have lessened, they remain noticeably present. Identifies drums, saxophone, and flute as the most popular instruments. Notes a moderate relationship between student perceptions of peer…

Delzell, Judith K.; Leppla, David A.

1992-01-01

370

Is Retaining Students in the Early Grades Self-Defeating? CCF Brief #49  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whether a child is a proficient reader by the third grade is an important indicator of their future academic success. Indeed, substantial evidence indicates that unless students establish basic reading skills by that time, the rest of their education will be an uphill struggle. This evidence has spurred efforts to ensure that all students receive…

West, Martin R.

2012-01-01

371

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS DPA). Student Guide. Grade 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards Dual Purpose Assessment (AIMS DPA) is a combination of two separate tests. One test is AIMS, which measures how well the student knows the reading, writing , and mathematics content that all Arizona students at the third grade level are expected to know and be able to do. AIMS includes multiple-choice…

Arizona Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

372

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS DPA). Student Guide. Grade 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards Dual Purpose Assessment (AIMS DPA) is a combination of two separate tests. One test is AIMS, which measures how well students know the reading, writing, and mathematics content that all Arizona students at the sixth grade level are expected to know and be able to do. AIMS DPA includes multiple-choice…

Arizona Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

373

Sixth-Grade Students' Views of the Nature of Engineering and Images of Engineers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the views of the nature of engineering held by 6th-grade students to provide a baseline upon which activities or curriculum materials might be developed to introduce middle-school students to the work of engineers and the process of engineering design. A phenomenographic framework was used to guide the analysis of data…

Karatas, Faik O.; Micklos, Amy; Bodner, George M.

2011-01-01

374

Catch a Star Book! Responses of Fifth-Grade Students to Celebrity-Authored Children's Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reader response theory and research on book interest underpinned a study of the appeal of celebrity-authored children's storybooks to elementary school students. We engaged fifth-grade students in selecting and reading from a set of 41 celebrity-authored books and completing reader response forms. Utilizing the survey research design and a…

Akrofi, Amma; Janisch, Carole; Button, Kathryn; Liu, Xiaoming

2010-01-01

375

Measuring the Confidence of 8th Grade Taiwanese Students' Knowledge of Acids and Bases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated whether gender differences were present on the confidence judgments made by 8th grade Taiwanese students on the accuracy of their responses to acid-base test items. A total of 147 (76 male, 71 female) students provided item-specific confidence judgments during a test of their knowledge of acids and bases. Using the…

Jack, Brady Michael; Liu, Chia-Ju; Chiu, Houn-Lin; Tsai, Chun-Yen

2012-01-01

376

Effects of Brain Gym on Overhand Throwing in First Grade Students: A Preliminary Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose was to examine the effect of Brain Gym on learning the overhand throw among 42 first grade students. Participants from two intact classes were randomly assigned to an experimental or control condition. Students were tested before and after a 5-week intervention using the object control subtest from the Test of Gross Motor Development-2…

Maskell, Bronwen; Shapiro, Deborah R.; Ridley, Christopher

2004-01-01

377

Developing and Validating a Science Notebook Rubric for Fifth-Grade Non-Mainstream Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We present the development and validation of a science notebook rubric intended to measure the academic language and conceptual understanding of non-mainstream students, specifically fifth-grade male and female economically disadvantaged Hispanic English language learner (ELL) and African-American or Hispanic native English-speaking students. The…

Huerta, Margarita; Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Tong, Fuhui; Irby, Beverly J.

2014-01-01

378

Guided Inquiry Learning Unit on Aquatic Ecosystems for Seventh Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using mini-aquaria experiments, a learning unit on the effects of light period on aquatic ecosystems was developed for 7th grade students. This guided inquiry unit was aimed at helping students understand basic ecological principles involved in relationships among physical, chemical, and biological components in aquatic ecosystems. It involved…

To-im, Jongdee; Ruenwongsa, Pintip

2009-01-01

379

Improving Instruction, Motivation, and Writing Skills To Foster Content Mastery among 11th Grade Chemistry Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practicum was designed to increase concept mastery of 11th grade chemistry students by improving instruction, motivation, and writing skills. The problem addressed was that many chemistry students, perform well in group learning situations, such as labs, but perform poorly on content-mastery tests. As a result of reviewing the literature, the…

Litteral, Diana B.

380

Fourth-Grade Elementary Students' Conceptions of Standards-Based Lunar Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fourth-grade students' knowledge of observable moon phases and patterns of change, as well as conceptual understanding of the cause of moon phases, was investigated before and after special instruction. Pretest and post-test data for 48 students were used to address the research question related to observable moon phases and patterns of change.…

Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Atwood, Ronald K.; Christopher, John E.

2007-01-01

381

Content Area Literacy: Individualizing Student Instruction in Second-Grade Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes a second-grade science curriculum designed to individualize student instruction (ISI-Science) so that students, regardless of initial science and literacy skills, gain science knowledge and reading skills. ISI-Science relies on the 5-E Learning Cycle as a framework and incorporates flexible, homogeneous, literacy skills-based…

Connor, Carol McDonald; Kaya, Sibel; Luck, Melissa; Toste, Jessica R.; Canto, Angela; Rice, Diana; Tani, Novell; Underwood, Phyllis S.

2010-01-01

382

The Relationship between Comprehension and Conceptual Mathematics of Third Grade Students at a Selected Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between reading comprehension scores and conceptual mathematics scores of third grade students at a selected elementary school. The sample consisted of 27 students of which 15 were females and 12 were males. Data were collected using a teacher made conceptual math exam and the scores from…

Kariuki, Patrick N.; Morris, Dustin A.

2013-01-01

383

Review of "The Misplaced Math Student: Lost in Eighth-Grade Algebra"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Brookings Institution report questions the efficacy of increasing the number of students who take algebra in eighth grade. Although this policy has resulted in more equitable access to advanced math study, the report argues that a subgroup of students enrolled lack the basic mathematical skills needed to succeed. The report further argues that…

Burris, Carol Corbett

2008-01-01

384

Rethinking Exams and Letter Grades: How Much Can Teachers Delegate to Students?  

PubMed Central

In this article we report a 3-yr study of a large-enrollment Cell Biology course focused on developing student skill in scientific reasoning and data interpretation. Specifically, the study tested the hypothesis that converting the role of exams from summative grading devices to formative tools would increase student success in acquiring those skills. Traditional midterm examinations were replaced by weekly assessments administered under test-like conditions and followed immediately by extensive self, peer, and instructor feedback. Course grades were criterion based and derived using data from the final exam. To alleviate anxiety associated with a single grading instrument, students were given the option of informing the grading process with evidence from weekly assessments. A comparative analysis was conducted to determine the impact of these design changes on both performance and measures of student affect. Results at the end of each year were used to inform modifications to the course in subsequent years. Significant improvements in student performance and attitudes were observed as refinements were implemented. The findings from this study emphasized the importance of prolonging student opportunity and motivation to improve by delaying grade decisions, providing frequent and immediate performance feedback, and designing that feedback to be maximally formative and minimally punitive. PMID:17012219

Kitchen, Elizabeth; King, Summer H.; Robison, Diane F.; Sudweeks, Richard R.; Bradshaw, William S.

2006-01-01

385

First- and Second-Grade Students Communicate Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents examples of problem tasks that promote communication and develop or reinforce important mathematical concepts. Problems that have multiple solutions or methods of solution are best in stimulating discussion, creativity, and risk taking. Examples were chosen from TOPS: Communication Deck Grades 1 and 2 (Greenes, Schulman, and Spungin;…

Spungin, Rika

1996-01-01

386

A Student Perspective on How Online Discussions Should Be Graded  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grading discussions for quality and participation has been an area studied by researchers as the growth of online and distance learning has become a foundational component in academic environments. Research regarding assessment for online discussions has been in favor of employing and communicating specific rubrics for participation, as well as…

Hura, Gerri

2011-01-01

387

Advising Students about Required Grade-Point Averages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sophomores interested in professional colleges with grade-point average (GPA) standards for admission to upper division courses will need specific and realistic information concerning the requirements. Specifically, those who fall short of the standard must assess the likelihood of achieving the necessary GPA for professional program admission.…

Moore, W. Kent

2006-01-01

388

Racial Differences in Eighth Grade Students' Identification with Academics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Having a positive attitude about school, valuing school, and being intrinsically motivated is associated with higher grades, graduation, and college attendance. However, the literature reveals that these characteristics and attitudes are not uniform across race, class, and gender. The purpose of the current study was to examine racial differences…

Smith, Joshua S.; Estudillo, Antonio G.; Kang, Hyunchang

2011-01-01

389

Student self-concept and effort: gender and grade differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students’ self-concept and effort in schoolwork are known to have significant influences on essential academic outcomes, but self-concept and effort may decline as students grow up. Students from 16 schools in Sydney (N = 2200) were asked to rate on two self-concept components (competency and affect) and effort in schoolwork. Based on measures established in confirmatory factor analysis, a 5

Alexander Seeshing Yeung

2011-01-01

390

Is the Link Between Large High Schools and Student Victimization an Illusion?  

Microsoft Academic Search

To determine whether larger high schools have more student victimization than smaller schools, this study examined a statewide sample of approximately 7,431 ninth-grade students and 2,353 teachers in 290 Virginia high schools participating in the Virginia High School Safety Study. School size was distinguished from the proportion of students receiving free or reduced-price meals, percentage of minority students, ethnic diversity

Jennifer Klein; Dewey Cornell

2010-01-01

391

Assessment of science practical skills in Omani 12th?grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study of science practical skills in Omani 12th?grade students was carried out using two test modes: paper and pencil and circus. A random selection of science?stream students was made in schools across Oman. From the national population of 1606 science?stream students, an 11% sample took part in the circus mode and a 23#lb5% sample in the paper?and?pencil test. Three

R. S. Al Busaidi; R. T. Allsop; R. J. Lock

1992-01-01

392

Grade Expectations: How Marks and Education Policies Shape Students' Ambitions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While enrolment in tertiary education has increased dramatically over the past decades, many university-aged students do not enrol, nor do they expect to earn a university degree. While it is important to promote high expectations for further education, it is equally important to ensure that students' expectations are well-aligned with their…

OECD Publishing (NJ3), 2012

2012-01-01

393

Creating a Science E-Book with Fifth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explains how one teacher used iBooks Author, a free digital textbook creation tool that makes iBooks for iPads, in an upper elementary classroom to improve students' expository writing skills and understanding of science content. The classroom teacher taught students pre-requisite writing and technology skills for two weeks, and…

Encheff, Dana

2013-01-01

394

Developing Addition and Regrouping Competence among Second Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of using the concrete-representational-abstract (CRA) teaching sequence with integrated strategy instruction for developing addition with regrouping competence among students with learning difficulties in mathematics. A total of 16 lessons were provided to 24 students during a six-week…

Miller, Susan P.; Kaffar, Bradley J.

2011-01-01

395

Workshops and laboratory visits for students grades 7-12  

E-print Network

· Genomics and genetics of cancer · Understanding how cancer spreads #12;Hands-On Activities Students Institute for Integrative Cancer Research at MIT #12;Experience Cancer Research At the Koch Institute firsthand what it means to do cancer research in the 21st century. Researchers introduce students

Sabatini, David M.

396

Badminton Instruction for Students in Grades 7-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet describes: 1) athletic facilities and equipment needed for badminton, 2) teaching objectives, 3) performance fundamentals, 4) drills that teach skills needed for playing badminton, and 5) lesson progression for high school students. There are also suggestions for working with students with below average eye-hand coordination. (CJ)

Nebraska State Dept. of Education, Lincoln.

397

Concept Mapping and the Science Achievement of Third Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional strategies in science that fail to identify students' initial understanding of scientific concepts may leave students' flawed ideas unchanged, thus affecting their ability to synthesize, differentiate, and connect to new information in science. The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the relationship between concept…

Greene, Paulette

2011-01-01

398

The Effect of Twitter on College Student Engagement and Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the widespread use of social media by students and its increased use by instructors, very little empirical evidence is available concerning the impact of social media use on student learning and engagement. This paper describes our semester-long experimental study to determine if using Twitter--the microblogging and social networking…

Junco, R.; Heiberger, G.; Loken, E.

2011-01-01

399

Making the Grade: Academic Libraries and Student Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents analyses that look at the many factors that can impact student success, such as technological capability, diversity, and information literacy. The importance of libraries' partnership with other members of the higher education community in working toward a common goal of student success is also examined. Further, the book gives…

Kelly, Maurie Caitlin, Ed.; Kross, Andrea, Ed.

400

Business as Usual? Not for These Middle-Grades Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A perpetual dilemma of schooling is how to help students develop skills needed for everyday life, including the work world. Quantitative literacy, also called numeracy, involves an ability to apply essential mathematics skills to authentic or near-authentic tasks. Carefully planned classroom activities can help students develop these important…

Crawford, Heather; Wiest, Lynda

2011-01-01

401

The Perceptions of Twelfth-Grade Students on Financial Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem of financial illiteracy at the high school level is becoming a growing pandemic in America. The current financial curriculum may not be preparing high school students against reported financial pitfalls. At the study site, high school students graduate without financial skills that may impact their future financial status. The purpose…

Harrelson, Joseph Christopher

2010-01-01

402

The Effects of Student and Text Characteristics on the Oral Reading Fluency of Middle-Grade Students  

PubMed Central

We evaluated the effects of student characteristics (sight word reading efficiency, phonological decoding, verbal knowledge, level of reading ability, grade, gender) and text features (passage difficulty, length, genre, and language and discourse attributes) on the oral reading fluency of a sample of middle-school students in Grades 6–8 (N = 1,794). Students who were struggling (n = 704) and typically developing readers (n = 1,028) were randomly assigned to read five 1-min passages from each of 5 Lexile bands (within student range of 550 Lexiles). A series of multilevel analyses showed that student and text characteristics contributed uniquely to oral reading fluency rates. Student characteristics involving sight word reading efficiency and level of decoding ability accounted for more variability than reader type and verbal knowledge, with small, but statistically significant effects of grade and gender. The most significant text feature was passage difficulty level. Interactions involving student text characteristics, especially attributes involving overall ability level and difficulty of the text, were also apparent. These results support views of the development of oral reading fluency that involve interactions of student and text characteristics and highlight the importance of scaling for passage difficulty level in assessing individual differences in oral reading fluency. PMID:24567659

Barth, Amy E.; Tolar, Tammy D.; Fletcher, Jack M.; Francis, David

2014-01-01

403

The Relationship of Student Use of the Scholastic ReadAbout Software Systemon Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) Reading Test Scores as Reported in Student Records of Third and Fourth Grade Students at Comal Independent School District, Texas  

E-print Network

grade and fourth grade students spent using the ReadAbout software system and their performance on the third and fourth grade TAKS reading tests. 2. No statistically significant relationships were determined for gender or socioeconomic status when...

McGlothlin, Ross M.

2010-01-14

404

The Effects of Background Music in the Classroom on the Productivity, Motivation, and Behavior of Fourth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many students in a fourth grade classroom at Logan Elementary School are expressing numerous types of negative behaviors, are not motivated to learn, and do not stay on-task. In an effort to change these students, an action research study was conducted that implemented background music in the classroom. There were ten fourth grade students who…

White, Kevin N.

2007-01-01

405

An Investigation of Play: From the Voices of Fifth- and Sixth-Grade Talented and Gifted Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the concept of play through the eyes of talented and gifted (TAG) fifth- and sixth-grade students. Three focus groups consisting of fifth- and sixth-grade TAG students were conducted in one urban, one suburban, and one rural school district in the Midwest. Students were asked to describe the value of play…

Beisser, Sally Rapp; Gillespie, Catherine Wilson; Thacker, Valerie Marsh

2013-01-01

406

The Effect of Using a Mobile Literacy Game to Improve Literacy Levels of Grade One Students in Zambian Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This intervention study was conducted to document conditions under which a computer based literacy game (GraphoGame™) could enhance literacy skills of first grade students in an African city. The participants were first grade students from Government schools (N = 573). These students were randomly sampled into control (N = 314) and various…

Jere-Folotiya, Jacqueline; Chansa-Kabali, Tamara; Munachaka, Jonathan C.; Sampa, Francis; Yalukanda, Christopher; Westerholm, Jari; Richardson, Ulla; Serpell, Robert; Lyytinen, Heikki

2014-01-01

407

The Classification of the Probability Unit Ability Levels of the Eleventh Grade Turkish Students by Cluster Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the probability unit ability levels of the eleventh grade Turkish students were classified through cluster analysis. The study was carried out in a high school located in Trabzon, Turkey during the fall semester of the 2011-2012 academic years. A total of 84 eleventh grade students participated. Students were taught about…

Ozyurt, Ozcan

2014-01-01

408

Examining the Silence of Academic Disappointment: A Typology of Students' Reasons for Not Discussing Disappointing Grades with Instructors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although student-teacher interactions about disappointing grades can be beneficial, students do not always engage in them. The objective of this study was to explore the domain of reasons undergraduate students report for not discussing disappointing grades with their instructors. The data analysis yielded six main categories of reasons:…

Wright, Courtney N.

2013-01-01

409

The Relationship between Measures of Vocabulary and Narrative Writing Quality in Second- and Fourth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between measures of written vocabulary and writing quality. Participants included 92 second-grade students and 101 fourth-grade students. Students completed two writing samples: one an experimenter-developed writing task and the other, a standardized assessment of writing quality. Research…

Olinghouse, Natalie G.; Leaird, Jacqueline T.

2009-01-01

410

The Effect of Seat Location on Exam Grades and Student Perceptions in an Introductory Biology Class  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The effect of seat location on learning has received surprisingly little attention in education literature (Weinstein 1979). Classroom experience and education literature suggest that students who sit in the front of a lecture hall are more likely to get As than students in the back (Benedict and Hoag 2004; Holliman and Anderson 1986; Pedersen 1994). The explanation may seem obvious--front-row students get better grades because they are better students. An experiment shows that sitting in the back of a lecture hall rather than the front does not have a detrimental effect on student performance on exams.

Taper, Mark L.; Kalinowki, Steven

2007-01-01

411

Instructional strategy change and the attitude and achievement of seventh- and eighth-grade science students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This sequential methodologic elaboration study investigated differences between the middle school and the junior high instructional strategies and the effects on adolescent attitude toward science in school and science achievement. Subjects of the quantitative phase were 570 seventh- and eighth-grade students in one school in an urban school district in the midwest United States during a transition year from junior high to middle school. Germann's Attitude toward Science in School Assessment and the school district's Benchmark Exams were employed to measure student pre- and posttest attitude and achievement. Variations within grade level, gender, race, general ability, and socioeconomic group were evaluated. Results of split plots revealed no significant differences in science attitude between the experimental middle school group and the junior high control group at this phase. However, there was significant improvement in attitude in both seventh-grade populations, but no change in attitude in either eighth-grade population. No significant differences in attitude were found between males and females, Caucasian students and students of color, or students of different ability or socioeconomic groups. Significant increases in science achievement were revealed in the seventh-grade junior high control group, the eighth-grade middle school, and the eighth-grade junior high, but not in the seventh-grade middle school. No significant differences in achievement were found between males and females. Caucasians scored significantly higher in achievement than students of color. Average and high ability students scored significantly higher pretest to posttest, but low ability students did not. High ability students scored significantly higher than both average and low ability groups. There was significant improvement in science achievement for students in the sufficient socioeconomic status group, but not in the low socioeconomic status group. These results were discussed with the five science teachers, the principal, and a university consultant in the setting, who were the informants of the qualitative elaboration phase of the study. Ethnographic methods uncovered themes explaining differences and similarities within the two instructional strategies. Teachers' feelings and stages of concern were identified. The results are discussed in terms of effectively implementing changes in instructional strategies and assessing science achievement of early adolescents.Received: 28 July 1993; Revised: 12 August 1994;

Houtz, Lynne E.

412

Effect of Drug and Alcohol Education on Attitudes of High School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined effects of 3-week alcohol and drug education course on attitudes about alcohol and drugs in ninth grade students (n=180). Results showed mean attitude score changed in desired direction after education indicating negative feelings toward drugs and alcohol use and abuse, polydrug use, dependency, social pressure, and media pressure and…

Lignell, Constance; Davidhizar, Ruth

1991-01-01

413

Building Virtual Cities, Inspiring Intelligent Citizens: Digital Games for Developing Students' Problem Solving and Learning Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the effectiveness digital game-based learning (DGBL) on students' problem solving, learning motivation, and academic achievement. In order to provide substantive empirical evidence, a quasi-experimental design was implemented over the course of a full semester (23 weeks). Two ninth-grade Civics and Society classes, with a…

Yang, Ya-Ting Carolyn

2012-01-01

414

Restructuring Laboratory Worksheets for Junior High School Biology Students in the Heterogeneous Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents samples of educational material adapted for laboratory use on the subject of the pH scale, dilution skills, and their relevance to biology. The experiments were developed for use in both ninth-grade heterogeneous and tracked classes in biology. Students were assessed for academic achievement in relation to their operational reasoning…

Witenoff, Shalamit; Lazarowitz, Reuven

1993-01-01

415

Students' Perceptions of Single-Gender Science and Mathematics Classroom Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While participating in single- and mixed-gender science and mathematics classes, ninth-grade urban high school students' (n = 118) academic self-concept, self-efficacy, and school climate perceptions were examined. Their perceptions were measured quantitatively from the Fennema-Sherman Mathematics (modified for Science) Attitude and the Patterns…

Brown, Sherri L.; Ronau, Robert R.

2012-01-01

416

Increasing Word Recognition with Racially Diverse Second-Grade Students Using Fluency-Oriented Reading Approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author examined the effectiveness of 2 fluency-oriented reading programs on improving reading fluency for an ethnically diverse sample of second-grade students. The first approach is Fluency-Oriented Reading Instruction (S. A. Stahl & K. Heubach, 2005), which incorporates the repeated reading of a grade-level text over the course of an academic week. This approach to reading is scaffolded by expert

Franklin Dickerson Turner

2012-01-01

417

UT EID# __________ Student ID #: __________ AY: 20____ -20____ School: ____________________________ Grade: ________________  

E-print Network

: ___________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ CITY STATE ZIP Home Phone: ___________________ Cell#: __________________ Student Email _________________ ______________ ___________ __________ Parent(1)/Guardian Address Home Phone # Work Phone # Primary Language _________________ ______________ ___________ __________ Parent(2)/Guardian Address Home Phone # Work Phone # Primary Language In case of an emergency, contact

Texas at Austin, University of

418

A Comparison of Gender and Socioeconomic Bracket in Fourth Grade Students when Measuring Volume  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The goal of this study was to assess students' abilities when measuring volume as well as providing a hands-on method for designing a water-filtration process. I studied the trends among gender, time, and ability to measure water in two different groups of fourth grade students. Fourth grade students from both higher income and lower income school districts visited a STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) Studio in order to participate in hands-on, problem-based learning. The students in this study attempted to solve the "Dirty Water Problem" by measuring 281ml of dirty water solution, and using household tools to filter and clean the dirty water. This study showed that 68% of students from a high-income socioeconomic bracket were able to measure a determined volume of water independently. Meanwhile, only 18% of students from a low-income socioeconomic bracket were able to complete the same task independently. In the low-income bracket, 78% of students required assistance measuring a volume of water, indicating that the majority of these students performed below grade level. Where time spent at the station was concerned, the difference between high-income and low-income socioeconomic brackets was insignificant. Key Words: STEM, measurement, volume, design, Dirty Water Problem, socioeconomic bracket.

Jennings, Kelly A.

419

Grade Level Expectations: Do They Prepare Students for Introductory College Chemistry?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Grade Level Expectations (GLEs) established by the Louisiana Department of Education are intended to ensure that students are prepared for introductory college level chemistry. A sample of students in an introductory Chemistry class at Louisiana State University were tested to confirm that knowledge of the GLEs (chemical concept inventory pre-test and post-test score and normalized gain) correlated with performance in CHEM 1201 (average exam score and final exam score). No significant correlations were found. In-state Louisiana public school students and out-of-state/private school students were then considered separately with the assumption that Louisiana public school students were educated using the GLEs as the framework for their Chemistry education while out-of-state/private school students were not. It was determined that both groups of students performed statistically similarly in every category with the exception of their final exam score, with the out-of-state/private school students performing better.

Davies, M. M.

2010-10-01

420

Gaining Ground in the Middle Grades: Why Some Schools Do Better. A Large-Scale Study of Middle Grades Practices and Student Outcomes. Technical Appendix D  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This appendix accompanies "Gaining Ground in the Middle Grades: Why Some Schools Do Better. A Large-Scale Study of Middle Grades Practices and Student Outcomes. Initial Research Report." This appendix contains the full bibliography of all research and policy documents consulted during the development of the ten research domains and three survey…

EdSource, 2010

2010-01-01

421

Effects of a Nutrition Education Program on the Dietary Behavior and Nutrition Knowledge of Second-Grade and Third-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigated the effects of a nutrition education program on dietary behavior and nutrition knowledge among elementary school-aged children participating in a Social Cognitive Theory-based nutrition education program. Participants included 1100 second-grade and third-grade students selected by convenience-type sampling from public…

Powers, Alicia Raby; Struempler, Barbara J.; Guarino, Anthony; Parmer, Sondra M.

2005-01-01

422

COMPARING THE INFLUENCE OF SELF-REPORTED TEACHING PRACTICES ON THIRD GRADE ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS AND THIRD GRADE STUDENTS WHOSE HOME LANGUAGE IS ENGLISH  

E-print Network

are English language learners (ELLs). Through use of Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), approximately 13,000 third grade students and their teachers were tested. The findings demonstrated a significant positive correlation between the teachers' attitude (TA...

Fox, Edward Bruce

2013-12-31

423

Exploring how experience with planning impacts first grade students' planning and solutions to engineering design problems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation presents research that investigated how first grade students' ability to construct solutions and to plan through drawing for engineering design problems is related to their participation in a LEGO-based engineering curriculum with two variations on the instruction for planning. The quasi-experimental design engaged two first grade classrooms in an urban K-6 Science and Technology elementary school outside of Boston, MA in a set of activities that asked students to construct solutions to engineering design problems inspired by the story of Goldilocks and the Three Bears. The planning classroom was provided with instructions on how to plan and students were required to plan through drawing prior to constructing their solution to engineering design problems. Students in the spontaneous classroom were not given instruction in planning and were allowed immediate access to materials to construct their solution. Students' drawings and constructed artifacts for engineering design problems during pre and post assessments as well as during the classroom were collected. The analysis of the classroom data found that students were able to successfully construct solutions to engineering design problems with increasingly number of requirements. Pre and post comparisons of students' performance on problems with materials they had had extensive experience with (LEGO) and craft materials (non-LEGO) found that students only made gains in constructing solutions to engineering design problems with materials they had prior experience with. The planning intervention appeared to have no relationship with students' ability to construct solutions that addressed requirements that were clearly presented to the students. However, there may be a relationship with less obvious requirements regarding aesthetics (as measured by symmetry of the artifacts) and material selection. In general, the findings suggest that planning through drawing may help students preserve their ideas but that first grade students do not use drawings for planning in the same manner as adults do. Implications for engineering education for early elementary are also discussed.

Portsmore, Merredith D.

424

Development and evaluation of a computer program to grade student performance on peripheral blood smears  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Today's medical laboratories are dealing with cost containment health care policies and unfilled laboratory positions. Because there may be fewer experienced clinical laboratory scientists, students graduating from clinical laboratory science (CLS) programs are expected by their employers to perform accurately in entry-level positions with minimal training. Information in the CLS field is increasing at a dramatic rate, and instructors are expected to teach more content in the same amount of time with the same resources. With this increase in teaching obligations, instructors could use a tool to facilitate grading. The research question was, "Can computer-assisted assessment evaluate students in an accurate and time efficient way?" A computer program was developed to assess CLS students' ability to evaluate peripheral blood smears. Automated grading permits students to get results quicker and allows the laboratory instructor to devote less time to grading. This computer program could improve instruction by providing more time to students and instructors for other activities. To be valuable, the program should provide the same quality of grading as the instructor. These benefits must outweigh potential problems such as the time necessary to develop and maintain the program, monitoring of student progress by the instructor, and the financial cost of the computer software and hardware. In this study, surveys of students and an interview with the laboratory instructor were performed to provide a formative evaluation of the computer program. In addition, the grading accuracy of the computer program was examined. These results will be used to improve the program for use in future courses.

Lehman, Donald Clifford

425

The impact of teacher assigned but not graded compared to teacher assigned and graded chemistry homework on the formative and summative chemistry assessment scores of 11th-grade students with varying chemistry potential  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The study analyzed 2005 posttest data compared to 2008 posttest data to determine student end of school year academic achievement outcomes across three academic levels (above average, average, and below average chemistry potential) and two teacher homework evaluation methods (assigned but not graded and assigned and graded) on teacher prepared 11th-grade assessments, district prepared 11th-grade assessment, and district graduation requirement physical science strand 11th-grade science Essential Learner Outcome assessment. Overall, results indicated that students with above average (n = 16), average, (n = 17) and below average (n = 14) chemistry potential whom were given teacher assigned and graded chemistry homework compared to students with above average (n = 17), average (n = 15), and below average (n = 19) chemistry potential whom were given teacher assigned but not graded chemistry homework had statistically significantly higher independent t test matter homework scores while atoms, naming, and reactions homework scores were generally in the direction of higher but not significant scores for students given graded homework regardless of their chemistry potential. Furthermore, students of above average and below average chemistry potential who were given assigned and graded chemistry homework performed statistically significantly better on the 11th-grade district prepared chemistry final and the district prepared physical science strand Essential Learner Outcome assessment t test results compared to students with the same chemistry potential given assigned but not graded chemistry homework, suggesting that the graded chemistry condition may have contributed to improved long term learning and retention of chemistry knowledge. Finally, the coefficient of determination (r2 = .95) measure of strength of relationship between not completing, not graded chemistry homework and a corresponding drop in chemistry assessment scores for all students was 95% and the coefficient of determination (r2 = .82) measure of strength of relationship between not completing, graded chemistry homework and a corresponding drop in chemistry assessment scores for all students was 82%. While not implying causality the study findings suggest that students who complete more homework, not graded or graded, have a higher probability of improving their chemistry assessment scores regardless of their chemistry potential.

Wilson, Jennifer L.

426

A study of teacher solicitations and student responses during read-alouds with kindergarten, first grade, and second grade students  

E-print Network

or aesthetic solicitations. In addition, each teacher solicitation-student response unit was coded as congruent or incongruent. The two newly established categories were then utilized to examine the nature of efferent and aesthetic teacher solicitation... of efferent solicitations during read- alouds. In addition, there appeared to be no relationship between teacher solicitation and student response congruency with the frequency of teacher solicitations for either efferent or aesthetic teacher solicitation...

Garcia, Norma Garza

2009-06-02

427

The effect of student-centered and teacher-centered instruction with and without conceptual advocacy on biology students' misconceptions, achievement, attitudes toward science, and cognitive retention  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of student-centered and teacher-centered instructional strategies with and without conceptual advocacy (CA) on ninth-grade biology students' misconceptions (MIS), biology achievement (ACH), attitudes toward science (ATT), and cognitive retention of scientific method and measurement, spontaneous generation, and characteristics of living things. Students were purposively selected using intact classes and assigned to

Roger Graham Gallop

2002-01-01

428

Personal-Academic Studies Engage Urban, Seventh-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A successful middle school team of teachers employed effective middle level philosophy to structure a curriculum around themes that were relevant, challenging, integrative, and engaging for their particular students and community. Realizing that their young adolescents were involved in tough, delicate issues in their out-of-school lives, the…

Hansen, Jane

2014-01-01

429

Family Configuration, Intelligence, and Grade Point Averages of College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The confluence model, proposed by Zajonc and Markus to explain the effects of certain family variables on cognitive development, was examined on the basis of the intelligence test scores and GPAs of a sample of college students (N = 148). Intelligence was measured by means of the Shipley Scale; GPAs were obtained from the college registrar. While results were generally

Edmund J. Sass; Theo. Lexmond

1981-01-01

430

The Erroneous Derivative Examples of Eleventh Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The derivative is not only an important subject for mathematics but also is an important subject for engineering, physics, economy, chemistry, and statistics. Especially, mathematics depends on strongly preceding learning and the subject of derivative will be used in university education by all students. Therefore, it is one of the most important…

Gur, Hulya; Barak, Basak

2007-01-01

431

COUNSELING AND GUIDANCE FOR UNDERACHIEVING FOURTH GRADE STUDENTS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

IF THOSE STUDENTS CLASSIFIED AS UNDERACHIEVERS ARE TO RECEIVE MAXIMUM BENEFIT FROM THEIR EDUCATIONAL EXPERIENCE, EFFORTS MUST BE MADE TO IDENTIFY THEIR PROBLEMS AND AID THEM AT THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL LEVEL. A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE SHOWS THAT MOST STUDIES CONCERNED WITH UNDERACHIEVERS HAVE BEEN CONCENTRATED AT THE SECONDARY OR COLLEGE LEVEL. A…

MUNGER, PAUL F.; AND OTHERS

432

Indicators of Multiplicative Reasoning among Fourth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many students encounter difficulty in their transition to advanced mathematical thinking. Such difficulty may be explained by a lack of understanding of many concepts taught in early school years, especially multiplicative reasoning. Advanced mathematical thinking depends on the development of multiplicative reasoning. The purpose of this study…

Carrier, James A.

2010-01-01

433

Introducing students grades 6-12 to expressive robotics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Every year, tens of thousands of middle school and high school students participate in robotics competitions, such as Botball, FIRST, and VEX. This provides them with an excellent introduction to the ins and outs of building robots and programming them to autonomously accomplish specific tasks. However, the rules of many of these competitions often limit or prohibit human interaction with

David V. Lu; Ross Mead

2012-01-01

434

Reading Comprehension, Learning Styles, And Seventh Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reading is a basic life skill. Unfortunately, in 2007, only 29% of all eighth graders were able to comprehend at or above a proficient reading comprehension level. Sensory learning styles (kinesthetic, tactile, auditory, and visual) affect the way that students prefer to learn and the areas in which they will have difficulty learning. This study examined sensory learning styles as

Judy Lynne Williams

2010-01-01

435

Grade and Gender Differences in Gifted Students' Self-Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gifted adolescents are poised to make important decisions that will determine the trajectory of their futures. A positive self-concept may lead to higher educational and career aspirations, whereas a poorer self-concept may negatively influence choices and outcomes. Research points to self-concept differences among gifted students of different…

Rudasill, Kathleen Moritz; Capper, Marla Read; Foust, Regan Clark; Callahan, Carolyn M.; Albaugh, Susan B.

2009-01-01

436

RANKING STUDENTS WITH HELP OF MECHANIZED GRADING Queinnec Christian  

E-print Network

and their associated ranking systems: chess (ELO, Glicko (Glickman, 1995)), TrueSkillTM for video games (Graepel et al may compare his skill to the others. As for video games, we expect students to be attracted SYSTEMS Arpad Elo developed, in 1959, a rating system for chess. The ELO system characterizes every player

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

437

LGBTQA Students on Campus: Is Higher Education Making the Grade?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As D'Augelli and Grossman note "educational researchers have overlooked the development of sexual orientation among adolescents and youth." Certainly, those working in higher education have, in many cases, overlooked lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and ally (LGBTQA) students' needs and not provided sufficient resources to address their…

Rankin, Susan R.

2006-01-01

438

Grade Point Averages: How Students Navigate the System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case exemplifies the unintended divisive cause and effect dynamic that can occur as a direct result of a seemingly innocuous school board policy modification. A change in school board policy at a local school district in Laredo, Texas, was designed to facilitate the fulfillment of a foreign language requirement for high school students. A…

Uribe, Patricia E.; Garcia, Marco A.

2012-01-01

439

Sequencing and Graphic Novels with Primary-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors discuss the burgeoning number of graphic novels being published for young readers (approximately PK-3) and suggest a new term for identifying this format and audience: primary graphic novels (PGNs), for primary level students. They go on to describe a series of lessons they conducted with a class of 1st and 2nd graders to capitalize on…

Chase, Maggie; Son, Eun Hye; Steiner, Stan

2014-01-01

440

What Happens to Student Learning When Color Is Added to a New Knowledge Representation Strategy? Implications from Visual Thinking Networking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A long-term study was conducted to test the effectiveness of visual thinking networking (VTN), a new generation of knowledge representation strategies with 56 ninth grade earth science students. The recent findings about the brain's organization and processing conceptually ground VTN as a new cognitive tool used by learners when making their…

Longo, Palma J.

441

Reasoning about Energy. An Activity Booklet for Middle and High School Science and Social Studies Students... and Their Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is a collection of energy activities to be infused into existing science and social studies courses at the seventh and ninth grade levels. The activities were written for students at different levels of problem solving ability, emphasizing the learning and use of knowledge about energy. By using energy knowledge in these…

Allen, Rodney F., Ed.

442

Is it grade inflation or real change in student achievement?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The NSW Higher School Certificate is awarded at the end of secondary school. It is examination-based and also incorporates a significant school assessment component. Following a review of the Higher School Certificate in the late 1990s (McGaw 1997), the decision was taken to change from the reporting of student achievement using a norm-referenced approach to one based on explicit achievement

John Bennett

443

Effects of a health-promotion programme in sixth grade German students' physical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study was to assess the effects of a school-based health-promotion programme in physical education (PE) on sixth grade German students' motor performance, BMI and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). In a quasi-experimental design, 516 students (54.7% girls) were assigned to either the intervention group (IG) that received eight 90-minute health-promoting PE lessons or the control group

Oliver Höner; Yolanda Demetriou

2012-01-01

444

Literacy Learning of At-Risk First-Grade Students in the Reading Recovery Early Intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the effectiveness and efficiency of the Reading Recovery early intervention. At-risk 1st-grade students were randomly assigned to receive the intervention during the 1st or 2nd half of the school year. High-average and low-average students from the same classrooms provided additional comparisons. Thirty-seven teachers from across the United States used a Web-based system to register participants (n =

Robert M. Schwartz

2005-01-01

445

MEASURING THE CONFIDENCE OF 8TH GRADE TAIWANESE STUDENTS’ KNOWLEDGE OF ACIDS AND BASES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study investigated whether gender differences were present on the confidence judgments made by 8th grade Taiwanese\\u000a students on the accuracy of their responses to acid–base test items. A total of 147 (76 male, 71 female) students provided item-specific confidence judgments during a test of their knowledge of acids and bases. Using\\u000a the correctness of the answer responses, a

Brady Michael Jack; Chia-Ju Liu; Houn-Lin Chiu; Chun-Yen Tsai

446

Causal Attributions of Underachieving Fourth-Grade Students in China, Japan, and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discrepancy between predicted and actual achievement scores was standardized within China, Japan, and the United States; 85 of 738 fourth-grade students were identified as underachievers. An equal-sized group of students achieving in the expected range was created with a matching procedure. All subjects responded to open-ended questions addressing their beliefs about the reasons for successful and unsuccessful mathematics performance. The

Paul Tuss; Jules Zimmer; Hsiuzu Ho

1995-01-01

447

[Engagement and academics results of the grade students].  

PubMed

The academic engagement is a three-feature psychological welfare (determination, knowledge absorptive capability and dedication) as an intrinsic commitment towards the studies. The main aim of this study is to know the motivational status in students and to compare this with their academic performance. For the purpose of this paper, it was carried out an observational, correlational, cross-sectional study. The target population is the students carrying out the clinical training in the University of Malaga as part of the Nursing Degree. According to the data achieved, the mean score are the followings: determination 3.46 out of 6 (ST 1.05), dedication 5.16 out of 6 (ST 0.97) and knowledge absorptive capability 3.59 out of 6 (ST 1.18). The engagement global mean score of the nursing students enrolled in this University School of Nursing is 4.1 out of 6. It is worthy to mention the levels for dedication, ranging from almost always and always, which involves a remarkable vocation towards their profession. The marks on Practicum II-III have evidenced an association with the engagement determination (p < 0.008), and knowledge absorption capability (p < 0.036). Marks on Practicum I have not evidenced any association. PMID:24245415

García Rodríguez, José Juan; Labajos Manzanares, Maria Teresa; Luque, Francisca Fernández

2013-09-01

448

Comparing the Reading Behaviors in Three Groups of First Grade Students--Students Who Discontinued from Reading Recovery, Students Who Did Not Discontinue from Reading Recovery, and Students Who Never Needed Reading Recovery  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to compare the variety, complexity, and frequency of reading behaviors of three groups of first grade students--students who discontinued from Reading Recovery (D-RR), students who did not discontinue from Reading Recovery (ND-RR), and students who never needed Reading Recovery (A-NRR). Students were asked to read…

Greaney, Sharon

2010-01-01

449

A Strategy to Improve Grades in a Pharmacology Course for L.P.N. Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the class scheduling of a pharmacology course for L.P.N. students at the College of Lake County, in Grayslake, Illinois, and the final course grade. It was hypothesized that subjects will learn pharmacology concepts more effectively when the course content is concentrated within a…

Grippando, Gloria M.

450

The Impact of Discovery Learning in Writing Instruction on Fifth-Grade Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem is that 5th-grade students are not achieving sufficient writing scores on Georgia state-mandated writing assessments, which the researcher hypothesized was due to the teacher-directed instructional approach utilized at the school. The purpose of this mixed-methods study was to determine whether discovery learning, a method based on the…

Treadwell, Julie Wilson

2010-01-01

451

A Guide to the Standard Course of Study for Limited English Proficient Students, Grades K-5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is designed to help both English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) and regular classroom teachers improve instruction for limited-English-proficient (LEP) students in the elementary grades in the areas of math, science, social studies, and English language arts. This K-5 guide provides models for teachers who need to modify…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Instructional Services.

452

Examining Student Engagement and Authority: Developing Learning Relationships in the Middle Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fostering engaged learning for middle grades students is a significant challenge for teachers everywhere, and in some jurisdictions, it has even become a government priority. As one might expect, this policy has raised broader questions about what teachers' actually mean when they talk about engagement and whether or not these criteria are, in…

Dooner, Anne-Marie; Mandzuk, David; Obendoerfer, Peter; Babiuk, Gary; Cerqueira-Vassallo, Gina; Force, Verland; Vermette, Michelle; Roy, Darren

2010-01-01

453

An Investigation of Mathematics Anxiety among Sixth through Eighth Grade Students in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study is to investigate mathematics anxiety among 220 sixth through eighth grade Turkish students in terms of mathematics achievement levels, perceived enjoyment of the mathematics teaching method, perceived enjoyment of mathematics, and perceived help with mathematics from parents. The Mathematics Anxiety Scale for…

Birgin, Osman; Baloglu, Mustafa; Catlioglu, Hakan; Gurbuz, Ramazan

2010-01-01

454

The Vocational Attitude Maturity of Disadvantaged Eighth and Twelfth Grade Students in Rural Eastern Kentucky.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To determine aspects of the attitudinal dimension of vocational maturity among rural disadvantaged girls and boys of eastern Kentucky, samples of Grade 8 and 12 students were administered the: (1) Vocational Development Inventory-Attitude Scale, (2) Occupational Aspiration Scale, (3) California Test of Mental Maturity and the Otis-Lennon Mental…

Whitman, Robert L.

455

The Impact of Single-Gender Classrooms on Student Achievement in Seventh Grade Math Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A mathematics achievement gap exists between males and females. The measurement of achievement was compared between single-gender and traditional classroom students in the 7th grade to assess whether or not a single-gender environment affected their scores. The Measures of Academic Progress (MAP) state assessment served as the data collection…

Sutton, Antwon M.

2009-01-01

456

ENERGY, A SCIENCE UNIT FOR THE UPPER ELEMENTARY GRADES, STUDENT MANUAL.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

PREPARED UNDER THE SPONSORSHIP OF THE SCIENCE CURRICULUM IMPROVEMENT STUDY, THIS TRIAL EDITION OF A STUDENT MANUAL FOR A UNIT ON ENERGY IS INTENDED FOR USE AT THE FIFTH AND SIXTH GRADE LEVELS. IT IS DESIGNED ESSENTIALLY AROUND PUPIL-CENTERED ACTIVITIES WHICH REQUIRE BOTH QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE OBSERVATIONS. THE ACTIVITIES IN PART I INVOLVE…

DAVIS, JOSEPH; AND OTHERS

457

Urban Middle-Grade Student Mathematics Achievement Growth under Comprehensive School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognizing the need to implement standards-based instructional materials with school-wide coherence led some Philadelphia schools to adopt whole-school reform (WSR) models during the late 1990s. The authors report on the relation between mathematics achievement growth for middle-grade students on the Pennsylvania System of School Assessments and…

Mac Iver, Martha Abele; Mac Iver, Douglas J.

2009-01-01

458

The Effects of a Classroom Management Teacher Training Primary Prevention Program on Fifth-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective Classroom Management II-Elementary (ECM), an in-service teacher training course, was evaluated. Grade 5 teachers were taught techniques in communication, classroom management, and self-esteem enhancement. The goals were to make classroom environments more responsive to students' affective and cognitive needs, thereby fostering positive…

Moskowitz, Joel M.; And Others

459

Cognitive, Academic, and Attitudinal Predictors of the Grade Point Averages of College Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined cognitive, academic, and attitudinal predictors of college grade point average (GPA) among 84 college students with learning disabilities (LD) attending a large midwestern university. Results indicated that Full Scale IQ and one factor (delay/avoidance) on the self-reported study habits scale accounted for a significant amount…

Murray, Christopher; Wren, Carol T.

2003-01-01

460

The Identification and Encouragement of Mathematical Creativity in First Grade Students, (Part 3).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported is research involving the development and testing of a program designed to encourage individual creative mathematical activity in first grade students. Initially, some characteristics of the creative process and creative thinking were examined and six criteria describing certain aspects of mathematical creativity were identified and…

Meyer, Rochelle Wilson

461

Science Sampler: Node graph visualizations for eighth-grade mathematics students using a virus transmission simulation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Because eighth-grade curriculum standards focus in part on systems analysis and graphing, a lesson was created to enhance students' analytical skills with the introduction of a type of graph, the node graph, which can be used to represent the interconnectedness of system components. This lesson is rooted in understanding real-world concepts regarding the transmission of infectious agents throughout a population.

Santone, Adam L.; Mccutcheon, Jennifer A.

2008-07-01

462

Supporting Students' Strategic Competence: A Case of a Sixth-Grade Mathematics Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mathematics education research has documented several classroom practices that might influence student self-regulation. We know little, however, about the ways these classroom practices could be structured in real classroom settings. In this exploratory case study, we purposefully selected a sixth-grade mathematics teacher who had participated in…

Ozdemir, I. Elif Yetkin; Pape, Stephen J.

2012-01-01

463

Teachers' Perceptions of the Effectiveness of Benchmark Assessment Data to Predict Student Math Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this correlational quantitative study was to examine the extent to which teachers perceive the use of benchmark assessment data as effective; the extent to which the time spent teaching mathematics is associated with students' mathematics grades, and the extent to which the results of math benchmark assessment influence teachers'…

Lewis, Lawanna M.

2010-01-01

464

Effects of a Volunteer Tutoring Model on the Early Literacy Development of Struggling First Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the effectiveness of a one-on-one reading intervention using trained tutors. Participants were 49 first-grade students at risk for reading failure. The three-step tutoring model included repeated reading of familiar text, explicit coaching in decoding and word-solving strategies, and reading new books during each 15-minute…

Pullen, Paige C.; Lane, Holly B.; Monaghan, Maureen C.

2004-01-01

465

Raising Cultural Awareness of Second Grade African American Students Using Mexican American Children's Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An increase in the Mexican American population within the predominantly African American community and school was the basis of this qualitative study. The purpose of the study was to introduce African American second grade students to authentic Mexican and Mexican American children's literature. Interactive read-alouds of nonfiction and realistic…

Pugh, Sandra Lyniece

2009-01-01

466

Grade/Study-Performance Contracts, Enhanced Communication, Cooperative Learning, and Student Performance in Undergraduate Organic Chemistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes and evaluates a teaching strategy, designed to increase student retention while maintaining academic performance levels in undergraduate organic chemistry, that uses grade/study-performance contracts, enhanced communication using electronic mail, and cooperative learning. Concludes that a series of interventions can substantially…

Dougherty, Ralph C.

1997-01-01

467

Examining Reliability of Reading Comprehension Ratings of Fifth Grade Students' Oral Retellings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to rate oral retellings of fifth graders to determine how passages, raters, and rating occasions affect those ratings, and to identify what combination of those elements produce reliable retelling ratings. A group of 36 fifth grade students read and orally retold three contemporary realistic fiction passages. Two…

Bernfeld, L. Elizabeth Shirley; Morrison, Timothy G.; Sudweeks, Richard R.; Wilcox, Brad

2013-01-01

468

Development of an Instrument to Assess Fourth and Fifth Grade Students' Attitudes toward Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the authors in this study was to develop an instrument to assess fourth and fifth grade students' attitudes toward physical education. The methods for validation included (a) an elicitation study and instrument question development, (b) a pilot study, and (c) a series of analyses to assess, construct, and content validity and to…

Phillips, Sharon R.; Silverman, Stephen

2012-01-01

469

Analysis of Reading Fluency and Comprehension Measures for First Grade Students. Technical Report # 25  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This technical report provides data on the extent to which progress monitoring measures explain reading achievement. The four progress monitoring measures discussed are: letter sounding, phonemic segmentation, oral reading fluency, and comprehension given in either oral or written form. These measures were administered to first grade students in…

Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald

2004-01-01

470

Grades and Data Driven Decision Making: Issues of Variance and Student Patterns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study addresses the question: "To what extent are teacher assigned subject specific grades useful for data driven decision making in schools?" Recently, schools have been urged to bring teachers and school leaders together around student-level data in an effort to increase dialogue, collaboration and professional communities to improve…

Bowers, Alex Jon

2007-01-01

471

A Comparison of Students' Choices of 9th Grade Physical Education Activities by Ethnicity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to determine physical education activity preferences of 9th grade students in a southern California school district and to compare preferences by ethnicity. Results indicated that basketball, football, bowling, softball/baseball, swimming, and volleyball were the most preferred activities. These preferences may be…

Hill, Grant M.; Cleven, Brian

2006-01-01

472

Primary-Grade Students' Knowledge and Thinking about Shelter as a Cultural Universal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The traditional K-3 social studies curriculum has focused on food, clothing, shelter, communication, transportation, and other cultural universals. A study was designed to provide information with respect to the topic of shelter, and in the process, to assess claims that primary grade students do not need instruction in the topic because they…

Brophy, Jere; Alleman, Janet

473

Race Differences in Exposure to Algebra and Geometry among U.S. Eighth-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The opportunity for U.S. students to learn algebra and geometry in the eighth grade was studied by looking at exposure to instruction using teacher reports of content coverage from a subset of 296 classrooms participating in the Third International Mathematics and Science Study. Classrooms were classified according to the ethnic composition of…

Masini, Blase E.

474

Improving the Social Skills of Fourth- and Fifth-Grade Cognitively Gifted Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This applied dissertation reports on an intervention to develop the social skills of six cognitively gifted fourth and fifth grade students. The twice-weekly, after-school intervention was intended to address the asynchronous development of these children who experienced functional disability in social settings due to social dissonance, a…

Kimmel, Sharry

475

Group Art Therapy with Eighth-Grade Students Transitioning to High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effectiveness of a group art therapy intervention within a school setting to increase coping skills and decrease disruptive behaviors in a group of 6 eighth-grade students at risk for making a poor transition to high school. The mixed-method AB single-case experiment measured each individual's changes in behavior and coping…

Spier, Erin

2010-01-01

476

Relationship of Age, Marital Status, and Work Experience of Community College Nursing Students to Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To investigate differences in academic success due to age (younger or older than age 23), marital status, and nursing experience, a three-way analysis of variance was performed on the grade point averages of 1,435 female nursing students enrolled in 22 Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) programs in Illinois. The sample, representing over 90 percent of…

Frerichs, Marian L.

477

Improving Teaching in the Middle Grades: Higher Standards for Students Aren't Enough.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report recommends that states raise their standards for entering a teacher education program and for earning a teaching license. This report links student achievement with how well teachers are prepared and the ongoing training they receive. It looks at teaching in the middle grades today, examining whether teachers have the content knowledge…

Southern Regional Education Board, Atlanta, GA.

478

This application is for students who have earned grades at KU after high school.  

E-print Network

of Kansas prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, ethnicity, religion, sex, national originThis application is for students who have earned grades at KU after high school. Type or use black. Citizenship Are you a U.S. citizen? yes no If yes, skip to Race and Ethnic Background If "no," are you

479

A Story Well Told: Rich Narrative Engages California Fifth Grade Students in American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The educational publisher Pearson/Scott-Foresman in 2006 introduced curriculum to address California History/Social Studies standards. Fifth grade students have difficulty comprehending non-fiction text that is informative enough to have historical accuracy. The publisher promotes a program that features a standard in every lesson, and promises no…

Huson, Julie Alice

2007-01-01

480

Evaluation of a School-Based Sex Education Programme Delivered to Grade Nine Students in Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of a multidimensional Canadian sex education programme was evaluated using 240 Grade Nine students. The intervention was offered by representatives from various community groups and involved instructional classes on anatomy/physiology of the reproductive system and sexually transmitted infections, a video and group discussion on…

Smylie, Lisa; Maticka-Tyndale, Eleanor; Boyd, Dana

2008-01-01

481

An Investigation of Fifth and Eighth Grade Korean Students' Misconceptions of Photosynthesis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many researchers believe that prior knowledge is the single most important variable influencing learning. Learning in the classroom is determined or affected positively or negatively, to some degree, by the knowledge people bring to the classroom. This study was designed to: (1) assess fifth- and eighth-grade Korean students' misconceptions of…

Cho, Jung-il

482

Cooperative College Examinations: More Gain, Less Pain When Students Share Information and Grades  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examination performance of introductory psychology students (N = 576) was significantly enhanced (p < .001) in each of 4 separate comparisons of those taking tests with a partner versus traditional solo testing. In each case, mean test scores were raised significantly and grade variability was reduced. The power of cooperative team testing is shown in the robust average effect size

Philip G. Zimbardo; Lisa D. Butler; Valerie A. Wolfe

2003-01-01

483

Student and Teacher Success: The Impact of Computers in Primary Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the impact of computers on student learning as reported by teachers participating in a study of a computer-based language arts instructional program for the early elementary grades--the Apple Learning Series: Early Language (ALS-EL). Although they found the program difficult to evaluate, some teachers stated that the ALS-EL…

Drexler, Nancy Gadzuk; And Others

484

AN EXPERIMENT TO IMPROVE THE REASONING ABILITY OF SEVENTH-GRADE STUDENTS. FINAL REPORT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A UNIT ON EFFECTIVE THINKING, WITH THE EXPERIMENTAL FOCUS ON INFLUENTIAL THINKING, WAS PREPARED AND TESTED. A TEXT, "EFFECTIVE THINKING," WAS PREPARED. AN INEXPERIENCED TEACHER USED THE TEXT IN A NINE WEEK COURSE WITH SEVENTH GRADE STUDENTS. ONLY A POST-TEST CONTROL GROUP DESIGN WAS USED. THE TWO FACTORS STUDIED WERE TREATMENT AND SEX. THE TEST OF…

HOWELL, EDGAR N.

485

A Comparison of Character Values as Perceived by Teachers and Students at Differing Grade Levels.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to the belief that the number one problem facing students today is their character and value system, school officials in Georgia's Carrollton City Schools District wished to implement a character education program. They were concerned, however, whether the program would be appropriate for all grade levels, and so they developed an…

Bulach, Cletus R.; Butler, Judy D.

486

Family Influence: Key to Fruit and Vegetable Consumption among Fourth- and Fifth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To assess social and familial environmental influences on fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption of fourth- and fifth-graders living in a culturally diverse, urban setting. Design: In 2006, students from 9 fourth- and fifth-grade classrooms from a public school in the Washington-Baltimore Metropolitan Region were recruited as part of the…

Gross, Susan M.; Pollock, Elizabeth Davenport; Braun, Bonnie

2010-01-01

487

The Effect of Computer Programming Experiences on Student Problem Solving Behaviors in Eighth Grade Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to investigate problem-solving performance with regard to non-routine problem experiences in which the computer and flow charts were used as aids. Performance data were collected using an investigator-constructed posttest. Sixty-eight eighth grade students were partitioned into four treatment groups: G1 used neither…

Foster, Thomas Edward

488

Hot Math: Promoting Mathematical Problem Solving among Third-Grade Students with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes "Hot Math," a third-grade intervention conducted with small groups of students with disabilities or in inclusive classrooms that fosters mathematical problem solving. Hot Math integrates two promising practices to promote mathematical problem solving, explicit instruction about transfer and self-regulation strategies.…

Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Prentice, Karin; Burch, Mindy; Paulsen, Kim

2002-01-01

489

Fifth Grade Students' Experiences Participating in Active Gaming in Physical Education: The Persistence to Game  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although video games are often associated with sedentary behaviors, active gaming is a new genre that requires children to become physically active while playing the games. In this study six fifth grade students' experiences participating in active gaming in eight-week physical education classes were explored. Qualitative methods of interviews,…

Hansen, Lisa; Sanders, Steve

2010-01-01

490

Stop Tobacco in Restaurants: Fifth-Grade Students STIR City Hall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It all started with a night of bowling in Austin, Texas, when fifth-grade student Amit had an evening of fun with his grandparents. When Amit returned to his home in Lubbock, TX, and tried to replicate his newfound recreation, his night of bowling fun ended after 10 minutes in an asthma attack. His second attempt at Lubbock bowling also brought a…

Gifted Child Today, 2004

2004-01-01

491

HAPPENtips for students grades 46 College may seem far, far away, but  

E-print Network

MAKE COLLEGE HAPPENtips for students grades 4­6 College may seem far, far away, but the future can do with a college education. You can study the rain forest. Look for a cure for cancer. Start your to your goal: a college education. These tips are brought to you from Ohio State's Economic Access

492

Student Grade Motivation as a Determinant of Performance on the Business Major Field ETS Exam  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the determinants of performance on the business major field achievement ETS exam with a focus on the impact of applying ETS exam scores to part of the capstone course grade as a performance incentive. The sample consists of 150 students at a midsized regional institution located in the Southwestern region of the United States.…

Terry, Neil; Mills, LaVelle; Sollosy, Marc

2008-01-01

493

The Effects of Differing Presentations of Mathematical Word Problems Upon the Achievement of Tenth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is a study concerned with the mode of presentation of printed mathematical word problems. Tenth grade students were given twenty word problems to solve, presented in one of three ways: (1) prose only, (2) prose with an accurate picture included, or (3) prose with a distorted picture. Experimental results showed that the group with an…

Sherrill, James M.

494

School Attendance Revisited: A Study of Urban African American Students' Grade Point Averages and Coping Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urban African American first-year high school students' absenteeism was found to be negatively related to grade point average (GPA) and avoidance as a means of coping (use of substances as a way to escape--food, alcohol, smoking, caffeine, etc.) and positively related to use of social support as a means of coping (efforts to stay emotionally…

Steward, Robbie J.; Steward, Astin Devine; Blair, Jonathan; Jo, Hanik; Hill, Martin F.

2008-01-01

495

Helping Students with Moderate and Severe Intellectual Disability Access Grade-Level Text  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching students with moderate and severe intellectual disability who are early readers or nonreaders to engage with grade-level text is challenging. For this reason, purposeful thought must be given to promoting text accessibility and teaching text comprehension. Whenever possible, text should be used as it is originally written without…

Hudson, Melissa E.; Browder, Diane; Wakeman, Shawnee

2013-01-01

496

Improving the Reading Ability of Students Who Are Young for Their Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An action research project focused on how a child's academic achievement is affected by his or her chronological age. The population consisted of kindergarten and third-grade students in a growing middle class community within a southwest suburb of Chicago, Illinois. Evidence for the existence of this problem was gathered from teacher surveys,…

Chronos, Julie; Long, Patti; Wagner, Laura; Sorensen, June

497

Accelerated Mathematics and High-Ability Students' Math Achievement in Grades Three and Four  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between the use of a computer-managed integrated learning system entitled Accelerated Math (AM) as a supplement to traditional mathematics instruction on achievement as measured by TerraNova achievement tests of third and fourth grade high-ability students. Gender, socioeconomic status, and…

Stanley, Ashley M.

2011-01-01

498

Impact of Attending Jump Start Literacy Camp on Reading Achievement among Third and Fourth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Jump Start Literacy Camp was developed as a means to combat summer learning loss. The camp utilized high-energy activities to target phonemic awareness, phonics, vocabulary, fluency, and comprehension. This study examined the effects of the Jump Start Literacy Camp on reading achievement for rising third and fourth grade students in an urban…

Padgett, Carrie B.

2010-01-01

499

Gender Differences in Written Expression Curriculum-Based Measurement in Third- through Eighth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many studies have found gender differences in certain areas of academic achievement, such as reading and math. Fewer studies have examined gender disparities in writing skills. The current study explored gender differences in written expression performance. Participants were 1,240 male and female students in third through eighth grade,…

Fearrington, Jamie Y.; Parker, Patricia D.; Kidder-Ashley, Pamela; Gagnon, Sandra G.; McCane-Bowling, Sara; Sorrell, Christy A.

2014-01-01

500

Enhancing On-Task Behavior in Fourth-Grade Students Using a Modified Color Wheel System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors used a withdrawal design to evaluate the effects of a modified Color Wheel System (M-CWS) on the on-task behavior of 7 students enrolled in the 4th grade. Standard CWS procedures were modified to include a 4th set of rules designed to set behavioral expectation for cooperative learning activities. Mean data showed that immediately…

Blondin, Carolyn; Skinner, Christopher; Parkhurst, John; Wood, Allison; Snyder, Jamie

2012-01-01