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1

Ninth Grade Students' Understanding of The Nature of Scientific Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the 9th-grade students' understandings of the nature of scientific knowledge. The study also aimed to investigate the differences in students' understanding of the nature of scientific knowledge by gender, and school types. A total of 575 ninth grade students from four different school types (General…

Kilic, Kerem; Sungur, Semra; Cakiroglu, Jale; Tekkaya, Ceren

2005-01-01

2

Facilitating Conceptual Change in Ninth Grade Students' Understanding of Human Circulatory System Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the conceptual change text oriented instruction over traditionally designed instruction on ninth grade students' understanding of the human circulatory system concepts, and their retention of this understanding. The subjects of this study consist of 73 ninth grade female students

Alkhawaldeh, Salem A.

2007-01-01

3

Ninth-Grade Students' Attitudes Toward Nontraditional Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explored how students choose careers, their attitudes toward vocational education, and whether they would consider enrolling in nontraditional vocational education program. Findings from 5,937 ninth graders, and an analysis of the continuing disproportionate enrollments by sex in vocational programs, suggest that nontraditional vocational…

McKenna, Alice E.; Ferrero, Grace W.

1991-01-01

4

The Autonomy to Choose--The Case of Ninth-Grade Mathematics Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study we explored the effects of providing ninth-grade students with the chance to take part in decision making concerning the mathematics level they would be assigned to in high school. Decisions concerned their self-competence regarding their mathematical abilities, their learning goals and the class atmosphere. The students were taught…

Lavy, Ilana; Zarfin, Orly

2013-01-01

5

Matching of Learning Styles and Teaching Styles: Advantage and Disadvantage on Ninth-Grade Students' Academic Achievements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to identify learning styles of ninth-grade students, to identify teaching styles of four subject teachers, and to compare four academic achievements between different matching conditions of students' learning styles and teachers' teaching styles. The research participants comprised of 3,382 ninth-grade

Damrongpanit, Suntonrapot; Reungtragul, Auyporn

2013-01-01

6

Ninth-grade students' attitudes toward energy: A comparison between Maine and New Brunswick  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the study was to determine if there was any relationship between energy attitudes of ninth-grade students by gender and by their geographical location (Maine and New Brunswick). For general energy concerns, Maine students had a more positive attitude than New Brunswick students. Both Maine and New Brunswick females had a more positive attitude toward energy than males. Overall, Maine and New Brunswick students had a nonpositive attitude toward energy.

Barrow, L.H.; Morrisey, J.T.

1987-01-01

7

Factors Mediating the Effect of Gender on Ninth-Grade Turkish Students' Misconceptions Concerning Electric Circuits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to identify and analyze possible factors that mediate the effect of gender on ninth-grade Turkish students' misconceptions concerning electric circuits. A Simple Electric Circuit Concept Test (SECCT), including items with both practical and theoretical contexts, and an Interest-Experience Questionnaire about Electricity…

Sencar, Selen; Eryilmaz, Ali

2004-01-01

8

General Science, Ninth Grade: Theme I and Theme II. Student Laboratory Manual. Experimental.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ninth grade student manual was developed to be used in conjunction with some of the experimental science activities described in the teacher's guide. It contains laboratory worksheets for: (1) measurement; (2) basic energy concepts; (3) heat energy; (4) light; (5) sound; (6) electricity; and (7) present and future energy resources. Additional…

New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.

9

CHARACTERISTICS OF HIGH SCHOOL FRESHMEN WHO FAIL AND TEACHER AND STUDENT PERCEPTIONS OF CAUSES FOR FAILURE (DROPOUT, NINTH GRADE, MIDDLE)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1979, the secondary schools in Center Line, Michigan were reorganized from the junior high-three year high school to the middle school-four year high school pattern. With the placement of the ninth grade in the high school, an average of over 50 freshmen failed each year, over 18 percent of the students. The last year the ninth grade was in

GORDON H RUEHS

1984-01-01

10

Medicine Use among Warsaw Ninth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aim: This study examined the prevalence of medicine use for headache, stomachache, difficulties in getting to sleep, nervousness, depression and lack of energy among 15- to 16-year-old students; the relationship between medicine use and students' health status; and the relationship between medicine and nicotine, illegal drug, and alcohol use.…

Pisarska, Agnieszka; Ostaszewski, Krzysztof

2011-01-01

11

Career Awareness and Exploration. Ninth Grade Students Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide contains a 4-week course designed to address the problems students face in making career or job choices and selecting the appropriate high school courses to give them the necessary skills to achieve their career goal. It contains materials for teachers to use in doing the following: assist students in self-assessment, expand…

Tennessee State Dept. of Employment Security, Nashville.

12

Effective Ninth-Grade Transition Programs Can Promote Student Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition from middle into high school can be perilous for some students. High school freshmen fail at an alarming rate. In a general sense, the environment, expectations, structure, and culture of high schools are different from middle schools. However, school leaders can implement transition programs that may promote success of 9th graders.…

Roybal, Victoria; Thornton, Bill; Usinger, Janet

2014-01-01

13

CORRELATIONAL AND FACTORIAL ANALYSES OF ITEMS FROM THE NINTH GRADE STUDENT QUESTIONNAIRE OF THE EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES SURVEY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS STUDY ATTEMPTED TO REDUCE THE NUMBER OF VARIABLES FROM THE EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE FOR NINTH GRADE STUDENTS IN AN EMPIRICALLY MEANINGFUL WAY IN ORDER TO REDUCE THE VOLUME OF DATA PROCESSING AND COMPLEXITY OF LATER ANALYSES. AN ACHIEVEMENT COMPOSITE WAS FORMED BY WEIGHTING AND SUMMING A STUDENT'S SCORE ON THE FOLLOWING…

MAYESKE, GEORGE W.; AND OTHERS

14

Relations of Parenting Style and Parental Involvement with Ninth-Grade Students' Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purposes of this study were to explore the influence of both parenting style (demandingness and responsiveness) and parental involvement on the achievement outcome of early adolescents and to explore the relations both adolescents' and their parents' perceptions ofparenting, and to compare the influence that the differentperceptions have on adolescents' achievement. Subjects were 247 ninth-grade boys and girls and their

Sharon E. Paulson

1994-01-01

15

A Career Guidance Curriculum for Ninth Grade Students. Occupational Cluster Learning Activities. Health-Technical. Part 2 of 2. Ninth Grade Career Guidance Project. Project Duration: July 16, 1979, to June 30, 1980.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second of two parts presents learning activities for four occupational clusters of a ninth-grade cluster program. It contains theory and hands-on activities that explore the occupational requirements and working environment of these areas to help students make intelligent decisions of possible career choices based on levels of interest and…

Cape May County Vocational Schools, NJ.

16

A Career Guidance Curriculum for Ninth Grade Students. Occupational Cluster Learning Activities. Business-Environmental. Part 1 of 2. Ninth Grade Guidance Project. Project Duration: July 16, 1979, to June 30, 1980.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This first of two parts presents learning activities for four occupational clusters of a ninth-grade cluster program. It contains theory and hands-on activities that explore the occupational requirements and working environment of these areas to help students make intelligent decisions of possible career choices based on levels of interest and…

Cape May County Vocational Schools, NJ.

17

Effects of instruction in creative problem solving on cognition, creativity, and satisfaction among ninth grade students in an introduction to world agricultural science and technology course  

E-print Network

design. Participants were ninth grade students (n=20) who were enrolled in an Introduction to World Agricultural and Science Technology I course. Posttests were administered to measure low, high, and total levels cognition at the conclusion of the course...

Alexander, Kim Darwin

2007-09-17

18

A Profile of the Scientific Attitudes of 672 Ninth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ninth graders in two junior high schools were administered the Scientific Attitude Inventory, composed of 60 items giving results for six positive and six opposing negative attitude scales. Results suggest that students neither strongly accept positive scientific attitudes nor strongly reject negative scientific attitudes, and lack understanding…

Moore, Richard W.

1971-01-01

19

Expectancy-Value Models for the STEM Persistence Plans of Ninth-Grade, High-Ability Students: A Comparison between Black, Hispanic, and White Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Group differences in the effects of the expectancies and values that high-ability students have for science and mathematics on plans to persist in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) were investigated. A nationally representative sample of ninth-grade students, the High School Longitudinal Study of 2009 (HSLS: 2009; n =…

Andersen, Lori; Ward, Thomas J.

2014-01-01

20

An Analysis of a Ninth Grade Mathematics Intervention Tracy Sweet  

E-print Network

An Analysis of a Ninth Grade Mathematics Intervention Tracy Sweet June 11, 2010 Abstract Many ninth in each condition do not differ in performance on an algebra test even though TAM students have had only, the most recent administration of the survey assessment, 61% of all students tested at or above this basic

21

Attitudes toward Alcohol and Other Mind Altering Substances of Students in Seventh, Eighth, and Ninth Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescents continue to use alcohol and other drugs despite the profound risks to their health. This thesis examines the attitudes of students in grades 7-9 toward alcohol and other nonprescriptive mind-altering substances. Eight independent variables were investigated: (1) gender; (2) grade placement; (3) DARE (Drug Abuse Resistance Education)…

Redetzke, Pamela M.

22

Paving the Way for Success in High School and beyond: The Importance of Preparing Middle School Students for the Transition to Ninth Grade. GroundWork  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public/Private Ventures' (P/PV's) "GroundWork" series summarizes available evidence on a variety of social policy topics, providing a firm foundation for future work. This second brief in the series presents an overview of issues surrounding the ninth grade transition: why it is so important; why many middle school students find it so difficult;…

Grossman, Jean Baldwin; Cooney, Siobhan M.

2009-01-01

23

The Emergent Charter School Model for Ninth Grade Mildly Disabled United States Students: Extending to Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An ethnographic, descriptive research methodology was used to explore the service delivery of three U.S. charter schools (one independent and two dependent secondary public charter schools) in Southern New England, United States as they relate to grade nine mildly disabled special needs students. Field research was also conducted in Costa Rica and…

Vincent, Emmanuel Teah

2009-01-01

24

Effects of Calculators on Mathematics Achievement and Attitudes of Ninth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three calculator tests were administered to a national sample of 1,469 Irish students in Grade 9--the last cohort to study mathematics without calculators (Phase 1). Three years later, the same tests were administered to a similar sample with calculators (Phase 2). Scores on a test of calculator-inappropriate items showed no significant change…

Close, Sean; Oldham, Elizabeth; Shiel, Gerry; Dooley, Therese; O'Leary, Michael

2012-01-01

25

Supports for High School Success: An Evaluation of the Texas Ninth Grade Transition and Intervention Grant Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To provide greater support for students as they transition to ninth grade, the Texas Legislature funded the Texas Ninth Grade Transition and Intervention (TNGTI) grant program. TNGTI grantees implemented a variety of supports to at-risk students transitioning to ninth grade, including a summer transition program, an early warning data system, and…

Hallberg, Kelly; Swanlund, Andrew; Hoogstra, Lisa

2011-01-01

26

The Effect of Optional Summer Transition to High School Program Participation and Required School Year Long Placement on a Core Content Team on Ninth-Grade Students At-Risk Measured Achievement, Engagement, and Behavior Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

No significant difference in beginning ninth-grade pretest compared to ending ninth-grade posttest comparisons of American History t(17) = 0.34, p = 0.37 (one-tailed), d = 0.09, English t(17) = 1.40, p = 0.09 (one-tailed), d = 0.34, and Biology (t(17) = -1.58, p = 0.07 (one-tailed), d = -0.22, course grade scores were observed for students

Pokorski, Frances K.

2011-01-01

27

Effects of an Inverted Instructional Delivery Model on Achievement of Ninth-Grade Physical Science Honors Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This mixed-methods action research study was designed to assess the achievement of ninth-grade Physical Science Honors students by analysis of pre and posttest data. In addition, perceptual data from students, parents, and the researcher were collected to form a complete picture of the flipped lecture format versus the traditional lecture format. The researcher utilized a 4MAT learning cycle in two Physical Science Honors classes. One of these classes was traditionally delivered with lecture-type activities taking place inside the classroom and homework-type activities taking place at home; the other inverted, or flipped, delivered with lecture-type activities taking place outside the classroom and homework-type activities taking place inside the classroom. Existing unit pre and posttests for both classes were analyzed for differences in academic achievement. At the completion of the units, the flipped class students and parents were surveyed, and student focus groups were convened to ascertain their perceptions of the flipped classroom delivery model. Statistical analysis of posttest data revealed that there is no significant difference between the traditional lecture delivery format and the flipped delivery format. Analysis of perceptual data revealed six themes that must be considered when deciding to flip the classroom: how to hold students accountable for viewing the at-home videos, accessibility of students to the required technology, technical considerations relating to the video production, comprehension of the material both during and after viewing the videos, pedagogy of the overall flipped method, and preference for the flipped method overall. Findings revealed that students, parents, and the researcher all had a preference for the flipped class format, provided the above issues are addressed. The flipped class format encourages students to become more responsible for their learning, and, in addition, students reported that the hands-on inquiry activities done in class aided them in learning the subject matter. It is recommended, however, that before instructors decide to flip the classroom, they ensure that all students have access to needed technology, that there is a plan in place for ensuring that the students actually view the assigned videos, that they have a way to create the videos and ensure adequate quality, and that some discussion is held in class after each assigned video to ensure comprehension of the material.

Howell, Donna

28

Understanding the Impact of a Ninth-Grade Transition Program in Texas. Vignette  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ninth grade often is considered a make-or-break year in determining whether students will be successful in high school and beyond. The Texas Education Agency (TEA) created the Texas Ninth Grade Transition and Intervention Program to ease the transition of at-risk students into high school and increase the likelihood that they graduate on time and…

American Institutes for Research, 2012

2012-01-01

29

General Science, Ninth Grade: Theme III and Theme IV. Experimental.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document was designed to help teachers provide ninth grade students in New York City with opportunities to learn about scientific processes as well as basic reasoning skills which underlie problem-solving processes in scientific and nonscientific disciplines. The first section of the guide, "The Environment," contains lessons which deal with…

New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.

30

The Effect of Co-Teaching on Student Achievement in Ninth Grade Physical Science Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Co-teaching is a method that is increasing within schools across the US as educators strive to leave no child behind. It is a costly method, having two paid instructors in one classroom, with an average of 24 students shared between them. If it significantly increases the achievement of all students, it is well worth the costs involved. However,…

LaFever, Karen M.

2012-01-01

31

A Study of the Relationship between Extended Time Courses and Mathematics Growth among Ninth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Accountability in education with regard to student achievement, especially within core subject areas such as mathematics, has emerged over the past ten years that support the need for impactful educational reform. Educators have been asked to evaluate the distinctiveness of the students that they serve to determine if there are better ways to…

Staden, David P.

2010-01-01

32

Extending a Community of Care beyond the Ninth Grade: A Follow-Up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative within-site case study ("N" = 10) is a follow-up study to a 2006-2007 investigation that analyzed how 1 high school created a community of care for its ninth-grade students through the implementation of a ninth-grade transition program--Freshman Focus. All participants were interviewed again 3 years later during…

Ellerbrock, Cheryl R.; Kiefer, Sarah M.

2013-01-01

33

Implementing Ninth Grade Academies in Broward County, Florida  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers from MDRC and Johns Hopkins University partnered with Florida's Broward County Public Schools (BCPS) in 2009 to launch an independent evaluation of the district's initiative to implement Ninth Grade Academies (NGAs) in every district high school. An NGA is a self-contained learning community for ninth-graders that operates as…

Legters, Nettie; Parise, Leigh; Rappaport, Shelley

2013-01-01

34

Impact of the Pilot Academic Literacy Course on Ninth Grade Students' Reading Development: Academic Year 1996-1997. A Report to the Stuart Foundations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic Literacy was a year-long course focused on reading strategy development for all ninth graders at Thurgood Marshall Academic High School in the San Francisco Unified School District. Course goals were to help students become engaged, fluent, and competent readers of the variety of texts necessary for them to master to be successful in high…

Greenleaf, Cynthia L.; Mueller, Faye L.

35

Connecting Entrance and Departure: The Transition to Ninth Grade and High School Dropout  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent reports have demonstrated that the United States has a dropout crisis of alarming proportions. In some large-city school systems, more than 50% of students leave high school without a diploma. A large proportion of these dropouts have not accumulated enough credits to be promoted beyond ninth grade. Using survey and student record data for…

Neild, Ruth Curran; Stoner-Eby, Scott; Furstenberg, Frank

2008-01-01

36

An Investigation of the Test-Taking Skills and Associated Thinking Processes of Ninth Grade English Language Arts Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although much is known about how students perform on standardized tests, little research exists concerning how students think and process while taking such tests. This mixed methods action research study was designed to investigate if a constructivist approach to test preparation could yield improved results for 37 English language arts freshmen…

O'Shea, Mary B.

2010-01-01

37

Texas Study of Students at Risk: Case Studies of Initiatives Supporting Ninth Graders' Success. Cross-Site Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers conducted case studies of Ninth Grade Success Initiative (NGSI) grants to gain a greater understanding of issues facing large numbers of at-risk students, many of whom, despite potentially receiving services as early as kindergarten, still reach ninth grade unprepared to succeed academically in high school. Case studies focused on NGSI…

Shapley, Kelly; Vicknair, Keven; Sheehan, Daniel; Pieper, Amy; Jepson, Dana; Sturges, Keith; Bush, Joan; Vandiver, Sherrie

2004-01-01

38

The Change in Self-Image of Oglala Sioux Ninth Grade Students Through the Development and Testing of an Indian Culture Curriculum. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To enable the student to better his self-image, this project endeavors to give the student opportunity to acquire factual knowledge as well as new experience and skills. Through an integrated program of instructional materials, the 9th grade Oglala Sioux student studies the history and culture of the Oglala people on the Pine Ridge Indian…

One Feather, Vivian

39

The study of growth between academic self-concept, nonacademic self-concept, and academic achievement of ninth-grade students: a multiple group analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The two purposes of this research were to develop and validate latent growth curve model between academic self-concept, nonacademic self-concept, and academic achievement and to test invariance of model form and parameters in the model between boy and girl groups of students. The research samples were 820 nine-grade students. The research instruments consisted of Self-descriptive Questionnaire and The student academic

Suntonrapot Damrongpanit

40

Implementing a student advisory program for ninth graders: Two high school models in action  

Microsoft Academic Search

This mixed-methods study investigated ninth-grade student involvement in and the academic impact of an advisory program at two high schools from the perspectives of administrators, teachers, and students. It was the researcher's assumption that research on an advisory program would enhance the development and implementation of such programs. To this end, three focal points of the program, participants, structure and

Don Nicholas Solimene

2012-01-01

41

DISCUS Ninth Grade, Earth Science, Part Two.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Included are instructional materials designed for use with disadvantaged students who have a limited reading ability and poor command of English. The guide is the second volume of a two volume, one year program in earth science, and contains these five units and activities: Rock Cycle, 12 activities; Minerals and Crystals, 6 activities; Weathering…

Duval County School Board, Jacksonville, FL. Project DISCUS.

42

Ninth-Grade Algebra I and Literature/Composition End-of-Course Test Performance, Attendance, Discipline, and Transition Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Middle-to-high school transition activities improve retention and graduation rates, reduce academic challenges, and support student social development. The purpose of this study was to investigate ninth-grade algebra I and literature/composition end-of-course test performance, attendance, and discipline in relationship to transition strategies…

Savage, Veronica Lee

2009-01-01

43

Effects of teachers' assessment practices on ninth grade students' perceptions of classroom assessment environment and achievement goal orientations in Muscat science classrooms in the Sultanate of Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Classroom assessment is a continual activity for teachers to improve the quality of instruction and motivate students to learn (Brookhart, 1999; Gronlund, 2006). Although there is a great deal of research on teachers' classroom assessment practices, few empirical research attempts have been made to link these practices to students' perceptions of classroom assessment environment and motivation defined in terms of

Hussain A. Al Kharusi

2007-01-01

44

The Effect of Intensive Instruction in Cue Attendance and Hypothesis Generation Upon Open Exploration Behavior of Low and High Ability Ninth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of intensive instruction (II) in either the observation of details (cue attendance - CA) or the production of tenable hypotheses (hypothesis generation - HG) about a science problem. Two questions were investigated: (1) Were there significant differences between students intensively instructed…

Wright, Emmett L.; Fowler, H. Seymour

45

Learning over time: uses of intercontextuality, collective memories, and classroom chronotopes in the construction of learning opportunities in a ninth-grade language arts classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Framed within interactional sociolinguistics, microethnographic discourse analysis, and cognitive science, we examine how intercontextuality, collective memories, and classroom chronotopes were used in generating learning opportunities in a ninth-grade language arts classroom. Five consecutive videorecorded lessons were analyzed focusing on how the teacher and students constructed relationships among past, present, and future events and contexts. Among the grounded theoretical constructs generated

David Bloome; Marlene Beierle; Margaret Grigorenko; Susan Goldman

2009-01-01

46

Teacher's Guide to the Ninth Grade Course on Our Economic System and Socioeconomic Problems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide for a ninth grade course on the American economic system includes description of six units of study: 1) The United States: An Affluent Society; 2) The American Economy: How Our Economic System Works; 3) Farm Problems; 4) The Auto Industry; 5) Poverty in the United States; and 6) units on Political Campaigns and Elections and…

Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Project Social Studies Curriculum Center.

47

Impact of selected PALMS learning strategies in ninth grade science classrooms to reach NCLB science standards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the past 50 years there have been concerns about the teaching and learning of science in American schools. Furthermore, recent assessments have indicated that American students in 4th, 8th, and 12th grade levels are not performing better than their counterparts in other industrialized countries. The purpose of this study was to investigate if a change in instructional methods would improve test scores and meet the standards of the No Child Left Behind Act that requires that 95%-100% of students being tested should be proficient in the subject matter by 2014. The study used learner-centered learning strategies of PALMS (Partnerships Advancing the Learning of Mathematics and Science) inquiry-based learning, cooperative learning, and brain-based learning to instruct a group of students. PALMS was an initiative of the Massachusetts Department of Education in the effort to improve student performance in the state. The sample consisted of 161 ninth grade students enrolled in 8 physical science classes. Eighty-six students were instructed by the learner-centered learning strategies of inquiry-based learning, cooperative learning, and brain-based learning, while 75 students were instructed by the teacher-centered traditional method of instruction, which consists of lectures and direct instruction. The students who received PALMS learner-centered instruction were the treatment group while the students who received teacher-centered instruction were the control group. Analysis of the data by one way ANOVA showed that there was a significant difference between the test scores (average combined scores of selected chapters of the textbook and the district's six weeks test) of students who were instructed by learner-centered instructional methods and those who were instructed by the teacher-centered instructional methods. The learner-centered group scored higher than the teacher-centered group, although they did not improve their test scores when compared to their baseline scores before the study. Neither the treatment nor the control group had 95% of the students scoring at proficiency level. Further implications of the results are discussed.

Omotunde, Mojisola Bolanle

48

My Point of View: More Writing from Grade 9 Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is a collection of writing by ninth-grade students taken from the 1987 and 1988 Canadian Territorial Achievement Tests. The booklet's 70 pieces of writing include essays on education in the Northwest Territory, narratives on how the best laid plans can go wrong, humorous treatments on uses for chewing gum and the best ways to keep…

Northwest Territories Dept. of Education, Yellowknife.

49

The Effectiveness of the New 9th Grade Biology Curriculum on Students' Environmental Awareness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a new 9th grade biology curriculum on students' environmental awareness. Participants included 91 ninth grade students in a high school in Balikesir during the spring semester of the 2008-2009 academic years. Two classrooms, including 22 and 24 students respectively, were randomly assigned…

Cetin, Gulcan; Nisanci, Seda Hilal

2010-01-01

50

HANDBOOK FOR STUDENTS GRADE APPEALS  

E-print Network

HANDBOOK FOR STUDENTS GRADE APPEALS STUDENT GRIEVANCES Prepared by The Dispute Resolution Board the process for addressing your concerns. Formal complaints for grade appeals or student grievances are heard before a formal complaint is filed. GRADE APPEALS · If you think the final grade given for a class

Ravikumar, B.

51

Navajo Leadership and Government: A History. Sixth-Ninth Grade Navajo Bilingual-Bicultural Social Studies Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This history of Navajo leadership and government, part of the sixth-ninth grade Navajo bilingual-bicultural social studies curriculum from the Navajo Curriculum Centers, covers types of government from the animal leaders of Navajo legend to modern times. The text is divided into five chapters: "The First Leaders,""New Neighbors--New…

McCarty, T. L.; Wallace, Stephen

52

The Relationship between Ninth-Grade Retention and On-Time Graduation in a Southeast Texas High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Currently, there are approximately 1.3 million annual high school dropouts who potentially might lose $355 billion of income over their lifetimes. Effectively addressing retention and dropout issues has far-reaching societal implications. Therefore, this study examined the relationship between ninth-grade retention and on-time graduation. For the…

Bornsheuer, Jennifer N.; Polonyi, Monica A.; Andrews, Malitta; Fore, Brenda; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.

2011-01-01

53

The Impact of Homework and Homework Preferences in Ninth Grade Geography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study measured the impact of homework and student homework preferences on the learning of 9th grade geography students of average and below average reading levels. Quiz averages were compared between two student groups that had alternating periods of exogenous manipulation, where one group was assigned homework while the alternate group was…

Schuster, Nicholas C.

2009-01-01

54

Student Grade Notification Letter M1 students,  

E-print Network

Student Grade Notification Letter M1 students, This is a notification that the number; M1,Biochemistry,Exam1 End Bluestem or Local Session Back to student grade report page Your Score = 43 MPL = 34.0 Maximum Points = 66 Mean = 48.1 Median = 49 Standard Deviation = 6.4 Students = 190 y

Alford, Simon

55

The Influence of Cognitive Autonomy and Learning Environments on Student Academic Performance: An investigation of the relationships between levels of cognitive autonomy, aspects of school learning environments and academic performance at the ninth-grade level  

E-print Network

academic success. Cognitive autonomy may influence academic achievementacademic success, and (c) to establish a relationship between school climate, cognitive autonomy, and academic achievement.success in the system is measure by student academic achievement.

Domenichelli, Cheryl Alexander

2011-01-01

56

Perceptions of Autonomy Support, Parent Attachment, Competence and Self-Worth as Predictors of Motivational Orientation and Academic Achievement: An Examination of Sixth- and Ninth-Grade Regular Education Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the hypothesis that students' perceptions of teacher autonomy support, parent attachment, competence, and self-worth would predict motivational orientation and achievement test performance. Results indicate that autonomy support, parent attachment, scholastic competence, and self-worth predicted the academic criterion variables.…

Wong, Eugene H.; Wiest, Dudley J.; Cusick, Lisa B.

2002-01-01

57

Exposing the Essay: A Study of Ninth Graders and Expository Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This thesis uses empirical research in order to understand effective strategies for successfully teaching of the expository essay to ninth grade students. Five focal areas are studied for targeted intervention in order to discover best practices for maximizing student learning of the essay format. The study hypothesizes that in order for ninth

Evensen, Sarah Charlotte

2008-01-01

58

Curriculum Guide, C.E.I.T.--Ninth Grade, Transportation Technology. Point Pleasant Junior High School, Point Pleasant, West Virginia, 1977-1978.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The result of a curriculum development project known as Project Open, this curriculum guide offers an elective course on transportation systems for ninth graders who are participating in the Career Exploration in Technology (CEIT) program and who have completed the eighth-grade course on manufacturing systems. The course, which spans two…

Kleine, Richard E.; Hamme, Randall

59

Water: How Good is Good Enough? Student Book. Science Module (9th-10th Grade Chemistry). Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This learning module is designed to integrate environmental education into ninth- and tenth-grade chemistry classes. This module and a companion social studies module were pilot tested in Gwinnett County, Georgia in classes of students, many of whom had learning disabilities. It emphasizes activity learning. The module is divided into four parts.…

Georgia Univ., Athens. Coll. of Education.

60

Quiet Times: Ninth Graders Teach Poetry Writing in Nursing Homes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a community project (based on Kenneth Koch's book "I Never Told Anybody") in which students in a ninth-grade English class paired up with nursing home residents, making regular visits to encourage them to write poetry. Discusses finding a place, getting ready, working together, and what students learned about writing poetry and about…

Dickson, Randi

1999-01-01

61

Dating Norms and Dating Violence among Ninth Graders in Northeast Georgia: Reports from Student Surveys and Focus Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed-methods study describes the norms supporting male-to-female and female-to-male dating violence in a diverse sample of ninth graders. The quantitative study, based on student surveys (n = 624), compared norms supporting dating violence by sex, race/ethnicity, and dating status, and it examined the relation between dating violence norms…

Reeves, Patricia M.; Orpinas, Pamela

2012-01-01

62

Ninth International Geostatistics Congress, Oslo, Norway June 11 15, 2012 Cokriging Partial Grades -Application to Block  

E-print Network

. When production blocks contain few such bodies, estimating block grades by ordinary kriging may produce block model is compared to usual kriging. This expanded abstract summarizes an application to a porphyry Grades - Application to Block Modeling of Copper Deposits Serge Séguret1 , Julio Beniscelli2 and Pablo

Boyer, Edmond

63

Urban ninth-grade girls interactions with and outcomes from a design-oriented physics project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Past literature has documented a shrinking but persistent gap in physics and engineering for females, both in school and in the workforce. A commonly recommended strategy to invite girls into science at the school level is to have students work on design-projects in groups, which has been shown to increase all students' learning outcomes and attitudes towards science. Students (n=28)

Thomas Eric Miksad Higginbotham

2006-01-01

64

The Effects of Single-Sex Mathematics Classrooms on African American Males in the Ninth Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research indicated that educators must consider socio-ecological accommodations because not all students learn in cooperative groups. Students must be taught how to discover the process of learning and to apply knowledge to real life situations. Gurian and Ballew (2003) identified differences in the male and female brain and the differences in how…

Faulkner-Simmons, Denise

2012-01-01

65

Supporting Young Adolescents' Middle-to-High-School Transition by Creating a Ninth Grade Community of Care: Implications for Middle Grades Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The middle-to-high-school transition and the first year of high school are critical periods in students' lives. According to the Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), "The passage of students from the middle grades to high school is the most difficult transition point in education" (2002, p. 24). Although there are many…

Ellerbrock, Cheryl R.; Kiefer, Sarah M.

2014-01-01

66

Wiki Technology for Middle Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative exploratory case study was to determine the pedagogical value of Wiki technology-enhanced instruction for middle grade students. The sample consisted of three Wiki projects representative of work from 6th, 7th, and 8th grade middle school students. The examination of the data collected from the three samples of Wiki…

Harper, Debra Ann

2012-01-01

67

Student Self-Grading in Social Statistics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyzes a social statistics class that engaged in self-grading. Students liked self-grading because they identified their own mistakes, it reinforced what they learned, and they received immediate feedback. Some students worried that others would cheat, but this assertion was not confirmed in the data and the possibility of cheating…

Edwards, Nelta M.

2007-01-01

68

College Course Grades for Dual Enrollment Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared college course grade outcomes, both during and after high school, of dual-enrollment students to those of traditional students. The study was based on a large, multiyear sample of Iowa high school and community college students. The results showed that while in high school, dual-enrollment students consistently outperformed…

Crouse, Jill D.; Allen, Jeff

2014-01-01

69

Launching a Successful Academic High School Experience and Future: Ninth Grade Climate Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this dissertation is to present a number of academic perspectives for analysis and understanding in the attempt to progress educational situations. Specifically, the study takes a look at student and learning community transition into the high school environment and, ultimately, by doing so help meet graduation goals. Its intent is…

Whitehead, Jackie F.

2012-01-01

70

AMTC: Assessing Motivation To Communicate in the Ninth Grade Speech Class.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the results of the use of the "Assessing Motivation To Communicate" (AMTC) computerized program with high school students in Anchorage, Alaska, during the 1995-96 school year. The AMTC consists of two self-assessment instruments: the Personal Report of Communication (PRCA-24) and the Willingness to Communicate (WTC). Four…

Fenton, Ray

71

African Art: Adinkra Cloth. An Instructional Unit for Seventh-Ninth Grade Art.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching guide provides information to help junior high school art teachers develop and implement programs based on African art. Objectives are to help students appreciate various types of African art, understand the relationship of African art to European art, and produce Adinkra cloth (a colorful cloth printed with personal symbols and…

Baker, Patricia

72

An Investigation of Students' Views about Enzymes by Fortune Lines Technique  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to investigate ninth grade students' views about enzymes using fortune lines technique and to obtain the students' views about fortune lines technique. Participants were 38 ninth grade students in a Technique Vocational Girls High School in the city of Kocaeli, Turkey. After instruction of subject of enzymes, the…

Özarslan, Murat; Çetin, Gülcan

2014-01-01

73

Effects of Cooperative Learning on Students' Understanding of Metallic Bonding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study focused on investigating the effectiveness of instruction via newly developed teaching materials based on cooperative learning when compared to a traditional approach, on ninth grade students' understanding of metallic bonding. Fifty-seven ninth grade science students from two science classes in the same high school participated…

Acar, Burcin; Tarhan, Leman

2008-01-01

74

Does Study Abroad Grading Motivate Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic officers at U.S. colleges and universities face a number of important decisions regarding how credits and grades earned overseas as part of a study abroad program should be incorporated into students' home academic records. The purpose of this article is to take a closer look at the way grades are handled at home institutions and the way…

Trooboff, Stevan; Cressey, William; Monty, Susan

2004-01-01

75

Comprehension Strategy Use During Peer-Led Discussions of Text: Ninth Graders Tackle "The Lottery"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports and discusses the findings of an initial inquiry into secondary school students' comprehension strategy use during small-group, peer-led discussions of literary text. One classroom of ninth-grade English students in the midwestern United States participated in the inquiry. Data consisted of the verbatim transcripts of four…

Berne, Jennifer I.; Clark, Kathleen F.

2006-01-01

76

Negotiating new literacies in science: An examination of at-risk and average-achieving ninth-grade readers' online reading comprehension strategies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In today's digital world the Internet is becoming an increasingly predominant resource for science information, rapidly eclipsing the traditional science textbook in content area classrooms (Lawless & Schrader, 2008). The shift challenges researchers, educators, administrators, and policy makers to reconsider what it means to read and comprehend online science information. The research on digital literacy is still in its infancy and little is known about the strategies and processes students use when reading science content on the Internet. Even less is known about how at-risk readers comprehend digital science content. Therefore, this study addresses three research questions: (1) What strategies and processes do at-risk and average-achieving readers use as they locate information and generate meaning from science websites? (2) What navigational profiles emerge as at-risk and average-achieving readers construct traversals (unique online paths of information) they locate information and generate meaning from science websites? (3) What individual characteristics influenced students' strategies as they locate information and generate meaning from science websites? Participants were six ninth-grade students in general education biology classrooms. Three were average-achieving readers and three were at-risk readers based on assessments of reading comprehension in traditional print-based texts. The students engaged in a three-day research project about the rainforest biome, locating information online, taking notes, and constructing an information brochure about the rainforest for peers. Data measures prior to and during the research included an Internet use survey, verbal protocols, screen captures of online activity, oral reading fluency assessments, and prior knowledge and topic engagement surveys. Quantitative descriptive and univariate analyses as well as qualitative abductive coding were employed over multiple phases to analyze the data. First, the results suggest that students employed a variety of online reading comprehension strategies in complex and dynamic ways. Among the many strategies revealed, the group of self-regulatory strategies (planning, predicting, monitoring, and evaluating) played a significant role, influencing students' use of all other strategies for locating and generating meaning from science websites. Second, the results also suggested that patterns of strategy use could be examined as unique navigational profiles. Rather than remaining fixed, the navigational profiles of each student altered in response to tasks and research methods. Importantly, all at-risk readers revealed more effective navigational profiles on Day 3 when they were forced by design of the task to attend to project goals and employ more self-regulatory strategies. Third, the results revealed that traditional reading comprehension strategies and prior knowledge of the rainforest also influenced online reading comprehension. Specifically, the at-risk readers with the lowest reading comprehension, oral reading fluency, and prior knowledge scores were more likely than the average-achieving readers to encounter issues in online texts that resulted in constructing ineffective traversals, or online reading paths, and spending significant time investing in online reading that was irrelevant to the research project. Ultimately, this study advanced the understanding about online reading comprehension for average-achieving and at-risk readers in science classrooms, contributing to a gap in the research, suggesting implications for practice, and promoting future research questions.

Sevensma, Kara

77

Assessing Junior High Students' Understanding of Density and Solubility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three density questions were administered to 290 ninth-grade students to assess their understanding of this concept. Found two-thirds of students understand displacement and/or density concepts. Three solubility questions were administered to 385 ninth-graders to assess understandings of solubility. Found students have difficulty with some aspects…

Gennaro, Eugene D.

1981-01-01

78

An Analysis of the Effects of a Bilingual Curriculum on a Selected Group of Ninth Graders with Regards to Attitude toward School and Self Concept.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was made of a group of ninth grade students to investigate the effects of a bilingual curriculum on monolingual Spanish (MS) students with regard to their self concept and attitude toward school. The research used one treatment group (MS) and two comparison groups: monolingual English Students (ME) and Bilingual Students (BI). The ME and…

Prewitt-Diaz, Joseph O.

79

Grading Standards, Student Ability and Errors in College Admission  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grades are important for admission of students in most higher education programs. Analyzing admission and student performance data at a major Norwegian business school, we find that the grading practice of teachers at regional colleges sending students to the school is affected by the average performance of the students being graded. Teachers at…

Moen, Jarle; Tjelta, Martin

2010-01-01

80

Osteoporosis Risk Factors in Eighth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents findings from food frequency questionnaires and surveys of 138 Midwestern eighth-grade student-parent pairs. The study examined the incidence of modifiable and nonmodifiable osteoporosis risk factors and compared gender differences. Data analysis indicated that many adolescents possessed several modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors…

Lysen, Victoria C.; Walker, Robert

1997-01-01

81

On-Demand Grades: The Effect of Online Grade Book Access on Student Mastery and Performance Goal Orientations, Grade Orientation, Academic Self Efficacy, and Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the widespread growth of broadband Internet access, teachers, and in many cases, schools and school districts are transitioning from traditional paper-based grade books to student accessible online (Web-based) grade books. Online grade books offer students 24/7, on demand access to grades and various other student data, and have the potential…

Seldow, Adam Lowell

2010-01-01

82

Academic Achievement for Fifth-Grade Students in Elementary and Intermediate School Settings: Grade Span Configurations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few researchers have addressed student achievement outcomes as a function of grade configurations for older elementary-aged students. Thus, this study was designed to determine differences between students' Grade 5 reading and mathematics achievement in elementary schools (K-5) as compared to intermediate schools (Grade 5, 5-6) for 5 academic…

Combs, Julie P.; Clark, David; Moore, George W.; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.; Edmonson, Stacey L.; Slate, John R.

2011-01-01

83

Cross-Grade Comparison of Students' Understanding of Energy Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aims of this cross-grade study were (1) to determine the level of understanding of energy concepts of students at different academic grades and the differences in understanding between these grades and (2) to analyse the conceptual development of these students. Two hundred and forty-three students at 3 different levels (high school,…

Saglam-Arslan, Aysegul

2010-01-01

84

Grading  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many criticisms have been launched against grades in general because of their perceived failure to portray student achievement accurately. In many instances, these criticisms are just. But, if student grades are reflections of measurable instructional obj

Christmann, Edwin P.; Badgett, John L.

2008-11-01

85

Psychosocial Working Conditions, School Sense of Coherence and Subjective Health Complaints. A Multilevel Analysis of Ninth Grade Pupils in the Stockholm Area  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the psychosocial working conditions of 7930 Swedish 9th grade students, distributed over 475 classes and 130 schools, in relation to their subjective health using multilevel modeling. At the individual level, students with "strained" working conditions in school (i.e. those experiencing a high level of demands in combination…

Modin, Bitte; Ostberg, Viveca; Toivanen, Susanna; Sundell, Knut

2011-01-01

86

Students' Behaviors, Grades & Perceptions in an Introductory Biology Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students enter college exceedingly confident that they will earn high grades and engage themselves fully in their courses. However, students' grades and academic behaviors often do not match their expectations. This is especially true in introductory science courses, where grades and academic engagement are often low, even in courses taught by…

Jensen, Philip A.; Moore, Randy

2008-01-01

87

Black Students' Perceptions of Prejudice and Grade Deflection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study presented here was designed to further the understanding of black student performance in biracial, academic settings. The purpose of the research was to assess the association between black students' perceptions of prejudice among white instructors and grade deflection (discrepancy between grade expected and grade received) in the…

Thompson, Maxine S.; Michel, Jerry B.

88

Concept mapping and science achievement of middle-grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to examine the effects of concept mapping on science achievement of middle grade science students. Concept mapping is a graphic display of concepts and the relationships or links among them. A concept map represents the students' understanding of a body of knowledge. The subjects were one hundred eighty-two eighth grade students, distributed into eight intact earth

Donald Snead

2000-01-01

89

So You Want Your Students to Write a Book?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the successes and difficulties of a project in which students from ninth to twelfth grades, over the course of a school year, wrote a book on the African American community of Louisville, Kentucky. (SR)

Rapley, Gay

1994-01-01

90

Grading and Reporting Student Progress in an Age of Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The essays in this collection offer a comprehensive analysis of the challenges of communicating effectively about student achievement. Discussions of concepts related to grading and reporting progress are mixed with practical advice. The chapters are: (1) "Grading Practices; An Overview of the Issues" (Beverly P. Farr); (2) "Why Do We Grade--and…

Trumbull, Elise, Ed.; Farr, Beverly, Ed.

91

Vocational Guidance for School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents findings from a 1994 survey concerning the changes in Russian schools' vocational guidance and the professional self-determination of students graduating from basic schools (ninth-grade) and secondary schools (eleventh-grade). Identifies the professional preferences of school students. Believes that once the economy stabilizes, the…

Gendin, A. M.; Sergeev, M. I.

1997-01-01

92

Seventh Grade Students' Conceptions of Global Warming and Climate Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate seventh grade students' conceptions of global warming and climate change. The study was descriptive in nature and involved the collection of qualitative data from 91 seventh grade students from three different schools in the Midwest, USA. An open response and draw and explain assessment instrument was…

Shepardson, Daniel P.; Niyogi, Dev; Choi, Soyoung; Charusombat, Umarporn

2009-01-01

93

Solving Graphics Problems: Student Performance in Junior Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors investigated the performance of 172 Grade 4 students (9 to 10 years) over 12 months on a 36-item test that comprised items from 6 distinct graphical languages (e.g., maps) commonly used to convey mathematical information. Results revealed (a) difficulties in Grade 4 students' capacity to decode a variety of graphics, (b) significant…

Lowrie, Tom; Diezmann, Carmel M.

2007-01-01

94

Omani Twelfth Grade Students' Most Common Misconceptions in Chemistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study, undertaken in the Sultanate of Oman, explored twelfth grade students' common misconceptions in seven chemistry conceptual areas. The sample included 786 twelfth grade students in Oman while the instrument was a two-tier test called Chemistry Misconceptions Diagnostic Test (CMDT), consisting of 25 items with 12 items…

Al-Balushi, Sulaiman M.; Ambusaidi, Abdullah K.; Al-Shuaili, Ali H.; Taylor, Neil

2012-01-01

95

Investigating Urban Eighth-Grade Students' Knowledge of Energy Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated urban eighth-grade students' knowledge of energy resources and associated issues including energy acquisition, energy generation, storage and transport, and energy consumption and conservation. A 39 multiple-choice-item energy resources knowledge assessment was completed by 1043 eighth-grade students in urban schools in two…

Bodzin, Alec

2012-01-01

96

Fifth Grade Elementary Students' Conceptions of Earthquakes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study intends to investigate the fifth grade students' conceptions of earthquakes. Twenty two grade 5 students (11-12 years old) from five different elementary schools in Istanbul voluntarily participated in the study. Data were collected from semi-structured interviews with each participant. Six interview questions were designed by…

Savasci, Funda; Uluduz, Hatice

2013-01-01

97

Mexican-American Students' Perceptions of Teachers' Expectations: Do Perceptions Differ Depending on Student Achievement Levels?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study examines the learning beliefs of high and low achieving, low-income Mexican-American students. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 11 ninth grade students. The qualitative analysis shows that students' perceptions of their teachers' expectations of a "good" student or a "not so good" student did not differ along…

Bae, Soung; Holloway, Susan D.; Li, Jin; Bempechat, Janine

2008-01-01

98

"Flex-Ed" Reading Readiness Program for First Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project evaluated the effectiveness of the "Flex-Ed" Reading Readiness Program with nineteen first grade students. Most of the nineteen students had scored below or near the tenth percentile of the MacMillan Readiness Test. Four behavioral objectives were written for the students in the areas of space, quantity, time, and basic concepts. The…

Central Arkansas Education Center, Little Rock.

99

Seventh Grade Students' Mental Models of the Greenhouse Effect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This constructivist study investigates 225 student drawings and explanations from three different schools in the midwest in the US, to identify seventh grade students' mental models of the greenhouse effect. Five distinct mental models were derived from an inductive analysis of the content of the students' drawings and explanations: Model 1, a…

Shepardson, Daniel P.; Choi, Soyoung; Niyogi, Dev; Charusombat, Umarporn

2011-01-01

100

Creating Sacred Places for Students in Grades 9-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide attempts to help teachers of American Indian students in grades 9-12 provide a culturally relevant education that takes place in the regular classroom, includes content related to Indian students' lives, makes students proud, expands to other experiences, and enhances learning. Creating sacred places means responding appropriately to…

Fox, Sandra J.

101

No Gifted Student Left Behind: Building a High School Library Media Center for the Gifted Student  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Library Media Center of the Maggie L. Walker Governor's School, a high school specializing in Government and International Studies, located in Richmond, Virginia, serves close to 650 gifted students in grades 9-12. The skills of Governor's students range from the neophyte ninth-grade researcher to experienced faculty members embarking on their…

Graboyes, Alanna S.

2007-01-01

102

Comparison between teacher grading and student self-grading in different modules of agronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The adaptation of the Universities to European Higher Education Area (EHEA) involves changes in the learning system. Students must obtain specific capabilities in the different degrees or masters. For example, in the degree of Agronomy at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (Spain), they must command mathematics, English informatics or crop production. Moreover, students must attain personal skills such as leadership, team work, a critical spirit and a social, environmental and ethical commitment with the environment and the society. A way to evaluate the critical spirit of the students is to compare the grade obtained in a specific module with the grade that the students think he should get. The aim of this work is to evaluate the differences between teacher and student grading in different subjects related to soil science in different degrees and masters courses at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid.

Méndez, A.; Paz-Ferreiro, J.; Guerrero, F.; Gascó, J. M.; Saá, A.; Tarquis, A. M.; Gascó, G.

2012-04-01

103

The Effects of Grading and Teaching Practices on Students' Perceptions of Grading Fairness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine the antecedents of perceptions of grading fairness, approximately 600 college students were surveyed about the prevalence and desirability of 1) teaching practices that assisted students to prepare for examinations, and 2) common test scoring manipulations used to transform poor scores into acceptable ones (e.g., curving low scores…

Gordon, Michael E.; Fay, Charles H.

2010-01-01

104

College Students' Categorical Perceptions of Grades: It's Simply "Good" vs. "Bad"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students' categorical perceptions of numeric and alphabetic grades were examined by assigning participants to one of four conditions: numeric grades alphabetic grades, numeric non-grades and alphabetic non-grades. They were then asked to give ratings for each possible grade or non-grade, using a 10-point scale. Factor analysis revealed…

Boatright-Horowitz, Su L.; Arruda, Chris

2013-01-01

105

La Desercion Escolar en los Niveles de Sexto y Noveno Grado: Una Comparacion Entre Zonas Rurales y Urbanas. Boletin 219 (The Educational Desertion in the 6th and 9th Grades: A Comparison Between Rural and Urban Zones. Bulletin 219).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1962 and again in 1965, a group of sixth and ninth grade students in selected schools in four Puerto Rican communities were interviewed to investigate the factors influencing students' decision to withdraw from school before completing twelfth grade and to identify some characteristics of dropouts. Of 616 students interviewed in 1962, 20.9% of…

Lopez, Maria I. Hernandez; And Others

106

Gender Differences in Inference Generation by Fourth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine if there are gender differences among elementary school-aged students in regard to the inferences they generate during reading. Fourth-grade students (130 females; 126 males) completed think-aloud tasks while reading one practice and one experimental narrative text. Females generated a larger number and a…

Clinton, Virginia; Seipel, Ben; Broek, Paul; McMaster, Kristen L.; Kendeou, Panayiota; Carlson, Sarah E.; Rapp, David N.

2014-01-01

107

Math Manipulatives to Increase 4th Grade Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research project was completed with twenty-nine fourth grade students from Shawnee Elementary, a school in the Chippewa Valley School District. It began in April 2012 and the data collection was completed by June 2012. The purpose of this project was to see if utilizing math manipulatives in an elementary classroom will increase student

Couture, Katie

2012-01-01

108

Grade Eight Proficiency Assessment (GEPA) Student Preparation Booklet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet prepares a student to take New Jersey's Grade Eight Proficiency Assessment (GEPA), a test that measures the knowledge and skills that will be tested later in the state's High School Proficiency Assessment. The GEPA has three test sections (content areas): Language Arts Literacy, Mathematics, and Science. The booklet tells students

New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton.

109

Increasing Reading Ability among First and Third Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was designed to increase the reading abilities of students in the targeted first and third grade classes in two elementary schools located in the Midwest. The study involved an action research project highlighting the overall growth of the students' academic achievement through increased reading growth. The study was…

Commare, Colleen C.; Sedlack, Sarah E.

110

Using Separate Answer Sheets with Grade 3 Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors compared the performance of third-grade students testing on answer sheets with those testing on machine-scored test booklets. The 1,832 students in the nationally representative sample were assigned at the campus level to complete the Stanford Achievement Test Series, Tenth Edition in 1 of 4 conditions: (a) Form A answer sheet, (b)…

Brooks, Thomas; O'Malley, Kimberly; Ragland, Shelley; Young, Michael; Kirkpatrick, Rob

2014-01-01

111

A CURRICULUM FOR ENGLISH, STUDENT PACKET, GRADE 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE SEVENTH-GRADE STUDENT PACKET, PRODUCED BY THE NEBRASKA CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTER, BEGINS WITH THE UNIT ENTITLED "THE MAKING OF STORIES" IN WHICH STUDENTS CONSIDER WRITERS' AUDIENCES AND METHODS OF COMPOSITION AND PRESENTATION. SUCH MATERIAL AS "A CHRISTMAS CAROL" AND SELECTIONS FROM "THE ODYSSEY,""BEOWULF,""HYMN TO HERMES," AND GRIMM'S…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.

112

PROBING 6TH GRADE STUDENTS' UNDERSTANDING OF GEOSCIENCE  

E-print Network

1 PROBING 6TH GRADE STUDENTS' UNDERSTANDING OF GEOSCIENCE: AN ACTION RESEARCH PROJECT understanding of geoscience. On three separate assessments, students provided written responses to two open-ended geoscience questions. These responses were scored using rubrics to systematically analyze our assessment data

113

Grade One Peer and Teacher Feedback on Student Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines a grade one teacher's support for her students' writing development through formal peer and teacher feedback. The teacher modelled and provided examples of effective feedback and good writing in whole-class and small-group lessons and in her own one-on-one verbal feedback on student writing. She allocated time for…

Peterson, Shelley Stagg; Portier, Christine

2014-01-01

114

Middle Grade Students' Interpretations of Contourmaps  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined eighth graders' approach to three tasks implemented to assist students with learning to interpret contour maps. Students' approach to and interpretation of these three tasks were analyzed qualitatively. When students were rank ordered according to their scores on a standardized test of spatial ability, the Minnesota Paper Form…

Carter, Glenda; Cook, Michelle; Park, John C.; Wiebe, Eric N.; Butler, Susan M.

2008-01-01

115

How Faculty can Affect Student Texting, Distraction, Grades, and Attitudes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is considerable pressure on faculty members to use technology in teaching. Students also bring technology into class in the form of laptop computers, smart phones, and iPads. Does this technology increase or decrease learning? We report two years of data studying 14 different classes with a total of approximately 1200 students. We find that, on the average, approximately 70% of students use their own digital devices during class and 30% do not. The grades earned by the former group average nearly half a grade point average lower than the non-use group. Faculty policies are found to dramatically influence student behavior. Extensive student interview data will be reported that shows that students expect faculty members to set technology policies and summarizes their attitudes about technology use.

Duncan, Douglas K.; Hoekstra, A.; Wilcox, B.

2014-01-01

116

Effects of Classroom Assessment Practices on Students' Achievement Goals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the effects of classroom assessment practices on students' achievement goals. The study included 1,636 ninth grade students and 83 science teachers from Muscat public schools in Oman. Results from hierarchical linear modeling techniques showed that class contextual features and teachers' teaching experiences and assessment practices interacted significantly with students' characteristics in influencing students' achievement goals. Recommendations, implications,

Hussain Alkharusi

2008-01-01

117

Stress Reduction in Sixth-Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A stress management program was evaluated in sixth-grade classes of an urban public and a suburban parochial school. Sample 1, from the urban public school, and Sample 2, from the suburban parochial school, received pre- and posttests. Sample 3, from the suburban parochial school, was divided into pretest-only and posttest-only groups. Six self-esteem and 1 each stress and social-skills children's

Alan S. De Wolfe; Antoinette M. Saunders

1995-01-01

118

The Effect of Scheduling Models for Introductory Algebra on 9th-Grade Students, Test Scores and Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of pacing and scheduling of algebra coursework on assigned 9th-grade students who traditionally would qualify for pre-algebra instruction and same course 9th-grade students who traditionally would qualify for standard algebra instruction. Students were selected based on completion of first-year…

O'Hanlon, Angela L.

2011-01-01

119

The Testing and Grading of Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although over 100 million tests are administered each year and testing is a subject of increasing contention among students, faculty members remain diffident. A better understanding of the purpose and structure of evaluating mechanisms is a prerequisite for widespread improvement. Teachers must understand what factors play a part in measuring…

Milton, Ohmer; Edgerly, John W.

120

Sixth Grade Student Self-Regulation in Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The positive relationship between self-regulation and student achievement has been repeatedly supported through research. Key considerations that have resulted from prior research include instructor feedback and explicit expectations, student perception of their control of their progress, accurate self-calibration, reflection, goal-setting, age, and methods by which a cycle which integrates all of these can be put in place. While research provides evidence for that fact that it is possible to support student success in several of these areas, many questions are left as to how guided, active self-regulation impacts students perception of their control over their performance, their ability to accurately assess and act upon their strengths and weaknesses, and, ultimately, their overall progress at different developmental stages. This study intended to provide a better understanding of how guidance in the self-regulation strategies of sixth grade science students can impact their attitudes toward learning. Specifically, this study investigated the question, "What is the effect of active reflection, graphing of grades, and goal setting on sixth-grade students' locus of control and ability to self-regulate?"

Reid, Lisa J.

121

Indigenous Students' Increasing Risk of Grade Repetition in Early Schooling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study considers grade repetition rates in the early years of school, Preparatory (Prep) to Year 3, in Queensland state schools, of which there is a significant gap in the Australian research literature. Data accessed from the Queensland Government's Department of Education and Training (DET), shows that particular groups of students

Anderson, Robyn

2012-01-01

122

An Initial Classification of Noncognitive Student Behavior Grading Items.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Report-card marking items by which elementary school students' noncognitive classroom behaviors are graded were studied to establish a preliminary classification of behavioral assessment domains. Two studies were conducted. The first study employed a cluster-analytic approach to a pool of 136 noncognitive behavior-marking items that had been…

Hevern, Vincent W.; Geisinger, Kurt F.

123

Beginning Eleventh Grade Student Profile, Mathematics Standards, Citrus County, Florida.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of booklets deals with minumum standards in mathematics for beginning eleventh grade students. There is a statement of the standards with related skills, a test to assess competency with accompanying answer sheet and answer key, and eight booklets presenting problems covered by six of the standards. The booklets cover: percentages;…

Citrus County Board of Public Instruction, Inverness, FL.

124

Environmental Knowledge and Beliefs among Grade 10 Students in Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To develop environmental education in Australia, a survey of tenth-grade students was undertaken. Thirty knowledge items and ten belief items were constructed. A panel of environmentalists and educators identified best responses for the knowledge items, and a common reference point, preservation of homo sapiens, for the belief items, so a…

Eyers, Vivian George

125

Predictors of Reading Disability in Third through Fifth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this dissertation was to explore the presence of predictors of reading disability in third through fifth grade students. This study used a quantitative methodology to analyze the relationship between the predictor variables of nonword repetition, vocabulary, syntax, morphology, and family history and the criterion variable of…

Magnuson, Cynthia L.

2010-01-01

126

Teaching Gifted Students Literature in Grades Seven through Nine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prepared for use by teachers of mentally gifted students in grades 7 through 9, the booklet offers a curriculum design for the teaching of literature. Considered is the difficult developmental stage in late childhood and early adolescence when children begin to assert their roles as individuals and often have no adult model other than the friendly…

Covey, Barbara L.

127

Fifth Grade Social Studies Unit and Student Readings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The social studies resource unit and student readings for fifth grade pupils present the main idea that America is a heterogeneous society composed of different racial, religious, cultural, and ethnic groups who have continued the struggle to gain equal rights and opportunities. Pupils discover where immigrants came from, why they came to America,…

Park Forest Public Schools District 163, IL.

128

Teaching Gifted Students Social Sciences in Grades Seven Through Nine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for use by teachers, consultants and administrators, the booklet discusses social science instruction for gifted students in grades 7-9. An introductory section provides an overview of goals and parameters of the social sciences (psychology, sociology, and anthropology). The scientific research process is described in terms of five steps,…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Office of Curriculum Services.

129

Effects of Mathematical Vocabulary Instruction on Fourth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compares the effects of two models of vocabulary instruction: (1) the integrated graphic organizer/discussion model; and (2) the definition-only model on the mathematical vocabulary use of fourth grade students. The integrated model combines a modified Concept of Definition (CD) graphic organizer with the Frayer discussion model. The…

Monroe, Eula Ewing; Pendergrass, Michelle R.

130

Developing Visual Literacy among Academically Able Fifth-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study with 34 gifted fifth-grade students found that a concrete sequential approach to developing visual literacy was more effective than an abstract visualization approach. Subjects either received guided visualization or direct instruction on such art concepts as shape, form, line, color, perspective, variety, and unity. (DB)

Casey, Heidi Van Ert; Wolf, Joan S.

1989-01-01

131

First Grade Teachers' Perceptions of and Expectations for ELL Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational disparities exist between English language learners (ELLs) and native English-speaking students. Evidence suggests that, by fourth grade, 35% of ELLs, compared to their native English-speaking peers, are behind in math, and 47% are behind in reading. There is also evidence to suggest that these lower achievement scores are impacted by…

Couch, Marsha

2010-01-01

132

Classroom Activities for Able Students: In Fifth and Sixth Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Challenging problems and project ideas for mathematically able students in grades 5 and 6 are reviewed. Number patterns are viewed as a good tool to introduce inductive and deductive thinking. Applications of mathematics in sales, the stock market, opinion polls, weather prediction, and other areas are discussed. (MP)

Economopoulos, Marjorie P.

1981-01-01

133

Instructional Objectives Exchange. Social Studies (Geography). Grade K-9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ninety-seven objectives reflecting major social science concepts in the discipline of geography at the kindergarten through ninth grade levels are included in this booklet, which is one of a series. Emphasis is upon requiring students to master behavioral aspects and concepts central to the field of geography. The material is organized into eleven…

Instructional Objectives Exchange, Los Angeles, CA.

134

K-8th Grade Korean Students' Conceptions of 'Changes of State' and 'Conditions for Changes of State'. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the various conceptions held by K-8th Korean grade students regarding the 'changes of state' and the 'conditions for changes of state'. The study used a sample of five kindergarteners, five secondgrade students, five fourth-grade students, five sixth-grade students, and five eighth-grade students. The 25 students attend…

Paik, Seoung-Hey; Kim, Hyo-Nam; Cho, Boo-Kyoung; Park, Jae-Won

2004-01-01

135

Change and Continuity in Student Achievement from Grades 3 to 5: A Policy Dilemma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we examine student performance on mandated tests in grades 3, 4, and 5 in one state. We focus on this interval, which w e term "the fourth grade window," based on our hypothesis that students in grade four are particularly vulnerable to decrements in achievement. The national focus on the third grade as the critical benchmark in…

McCaslin, Mary; Burross, Heidi Legg; Good, Thomas L.

2005-01-01

136

Positive and Negative Incentives in the Classroom: An Analysis of Grading Systems and Student Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined how particular grading systems motivate students. Since competency-based grading and point systems are most prevalent (Hendrickson and Gable, 1999), the current study is modeled around these systems. The grading systems used for this study were divided into two categories and defined as those students who earned their grades

Docan, Tony N.

2006-01-01

137

Student and Faculty Perceptions of Plus/Minus Grading and Its Effect on Course Grade Point Averages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In fall 2005, the Dale Bumpers College of Agricultural, Food and Life Sciences at the University of Arkansas authorized the optional use of a plus/minus grading system. Since 2005, approximately one-half of courses have been graded using plus/minus and one-half using the straight letter grade system. This study examined student (n = 338) and…

Edgar, Leslie D.; Johnson, Donald M.; Graham, Donna L.; Dixon, Bruce L.

2014-01-01

138

Concept mapping and science achievement of middle-grade students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study was designed to examine the effects of concept mapping on science achievement of middle grade science students. Concept mapping is a graphic display of concepts and the relationships or links among them. A concept map represents the students' understanding of a body of knowledge. The subjects were one hundred eighty-two eighth grade students, distributed into eight intact earth science classes at Bowling Green Junior High School. Students were homogeneously grouped by above average and average ability levels. Therefore, the ability level variable was examined as a possible effect. Students were divided into four treatment groups (two per ability level) and four control groups (two per ability level). Two teachers were involved in teaching a unit on weather for nine weeks. The treatment groups constructed concept maps, while the control groups did not. Two testing instruments (a conventional weather test and six performance assessment items) were used to measure achievement. For this sample of students, analyses of covariance indicated no significant overall effects of treatment on science achievement. A weak but statistically students measured by combined performance assessment items. Similar to the literature reviewed, the results of this research are somewhat mixed. The results suggest that the effect of concept mapping on science achievement is not clear and science educators should be cautious as to its practical use in the classroom. Furthermore, the results suggest that researchers should continue to seek more data to either support or reject the effectiveness of concept mapping.

Snead, Donald

2000-10-01

139

Nutrients in the Great Lakes. Teacher's Guide and Student Workbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher guide and student workbook set presents two learning activities, designed for fifth through ninth grade students, that concentrate on nutrients in the Great Lakes. In activity A, students simulate aquatic habitats using lake water and goldfish in glass jars and observe the effects of nutrient loading and nutrient limitation on aquatic…

Brothers, Chris; And Others

140

Empowering Students through a Social-Action Writing Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Capitalizing on students' interest in a local newspaper story, a research and writing project is developed that resulted in ninth-grade students finding their voice and power through writing. Although not being able to see the impact of their writing on their audiences, the students felt the impact of being given the respected distinction of…

Mancina, Hannah

2005-01-01

141

The Relationship between Grade Configuration and Standardized Science Test Scores of Fifth-Grade Students: What School Administrators Should Know  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study utilized a causal comparative (ex post facto) design to determine if a consistent relationship existed between fifth-grade students' success on the Science Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) at the elementary (K-5) level in comparison to fifth-grade students' success on the science TAKS at the intermediate (5-6)…

Johnson, Delonda; Jones, Lisa; Simieou, Felix; Matthew, Kathryn; Morgan, Bryan

2013-01-01

142

Personalized Grading Plans: A Systematic Approach to Making the Grades of Included Students More Accurate and Meaningful  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Do seemingly motivated students with learning disabilities work hard in general education classes only to receive lower grades than their peers? Donahoe and Zigmond (1990) found that 60-70% of students with learning disabilities passed their mainstreaming classes but received a below-average (below a C-) grade. A similar finding was reported by…

Munk, Dennis D.; Bursuck, William D.

2004-01-01

143

Self-Reflective Grading: Getting Students to Learn from Their Mistakes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students rarely use their graded exams to study. An alternative method of grading exams, based on self-reflection, encourages students to use their mistakes as a learning resource. In this grading method, the test is returned with each question simply marked as "right" or 'wrong." Students can then go over their exams and resubmit them with…

Cherepinsky, Vera

2011-01-01

144

The Study Commission on the Rain Forest. 9th Grade Lesson. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this interdisciplinary curriculum unit intended for ninth grade students, students explore in groups in a role playing format public policy questions related to rain forests. Examined in the lessons are political, economic, and ecological issues from which students are expected to make recommendations on what policy course should be followed.…

Erickson, Toby

145

Research and Teaching: Do Students' Grades in High School Biology Accurately Predict Their Grades in College Biology?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this study, the authors analyzed how students' grades in high school biology courses are associated with their predicted and actual grades in college courses. The results of the study revealed a disconnect between high school and college biology courses. High school students are not well-served by high grades in high school courses that are not accompanied by the requisite amount of course engagement and academic effort.

Jensen, Philip A.; Moore, Randy

2008-01-01

146

A Comparative Analysis of the Factors Associated with Career Aspirations of Brazilian Students by Sex and Grade Level.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sex-related variations in the formation of educational and occupational aspirations of fifth and ninth grade Brazilian boys and girls were assessed via comparison of their academic performance, level of occupational and educational goals, and about the influence of family, peers, and teachers in shaping these goals. Data were collected on 1,950…

Lupidi, Helena R.

147

An investigation of gender and grade-level differences in middle school students' attitudes about science, in science process skills ability, and in parental expectations of their children's science performance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The primary purpose of the study was to examine different variables (i.e. science process skill ability, science attitudes, and parents' levels of expectation for their children in science, which may impinge on science education differently for males and females in grades five, seven, and nine. The research question addressed by the study was: What are the differences between science process skill ability, science attitudes, and parents' levels of expectation in science on the academic success of fifth, seventh, and ninth graders in science and do effects differ according to gender and grade level? The subjects included fifth, seven, and ninth grade students ( n = 543) and their parents (n = 474) from six rural, public elementary schools and two rural, public middle schools in Southern Mississippi. A two-way (grade x gender) multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was used to determine the differences in science process skill abilities of females and males in grade five, seven, and nine. An additional separate two-way multivariate analysis of variance (grade x gender) was also used to determine the differences in science attitudes of males and females in grade five, seven, and nine. A separate analysis of variance (PPSEX [parent's gender]) with the effects being parents' gender was used to determine differences in parents' levels of expectation for their childrens' performance in science. An additional separate analysis of variance (SSEX [student's gender]) with the effects being the gender of the student was also used to determine differences in parents' levels of expectation for their childrens' performance in science. Results of the analyses indicated significant main effects for grade level (p < .001) and gender (p < .001) on the TIPS II. There was no significant grade by gender interaction on the TIPS II. Results for the TOSRA also indicated a significant main effect for grade (p < .001) and the interaction of grade by sex ( p < .001). On variable ATT 5 (enjoyment of science lessons), males' attitudes toward science decreased across the grade levels; whereas, females decreased from grade five to seven, but showed a significant increase from grade seven to nine. Results from the analysis of variance with the parent's gender as the main effect showed no significant difference. The analysis of variance with student's gender as the main effect showed no significant difference.

White, Terri Renee'

148

Making the Grade in a Portfolio-Based System: Student Performance and the Student Perspective  

PubMed Central

Assessment is such an integral part of the educational system that we rarely reflect on its value and impact. Portfolios have gained in popularity, but much attention has emphasized the end-user and portfolio assessment. Here we focus on the portfolio creator (the student) and examine whether their educational needs are met with such an assessment method. This study aims to investigate how assessment practices influence classroom performance and the learning experience of the student in a graduate education setting. Studied were 33 medical students at the Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, a program utilizing a portfolio-based system. The students may elect to simultaneously enroll in a Masters program; however, these programs employ traditional letter grades. Thus creating a unique opportunity to assess 25 portfolio only (P) students and 8 portfolio and grade (PG) students concurrently taking a course that counts for both programs. Classroom performance was measured via a comprehensive evaluation where the PG students scored modestly better (median total scores, 72% P vs. 76% PG). Additionally, a survey was conducted to gain insight into student’s perspective on how assessment method impacts the learning experience. The students in the PG group (those receiving a grade) reported increased stress but greater affirmation and self-assurance regarding their knowledge and skill mastery. Incorporation of such affirmation remains a challenge for portfolio-based systems and an area for investigation and improvement. PMID:23565103

Nowacki, Amy S.

2013-01-01

149

Exploring scientific creativity of eleventh-grade students in Taiwan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although most researchers focus on scientists' creativity, students' scientific creativity should be considered, especially for high school and college students. It is generally assumed that most professional creators in science emerge from amateur creators. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between students' scientific creativity and selected variables including creativity, problem finding, formulating hypotheses, science achievement, the nature of science, and attitudes toward science for finding significant predictors of eleventh grade students' scientific creativity. A total of 130 male eleventh-grade students in three biology classes participated in this study. The main instruments included the Test of Divergent Thinking (TDT) for creativity measurement, the Creativity Rating Scale (CRS) and the Creative Activities and Accomplishments Check Lists (CAACL ) for measurement of scientific creativity, the Nature of Scientific Knowledge Scale (NSKS) for measurement of the nature of science, and the Science Attitude Inventory II (SAI II) for measurement of attitudes toward science. In addition, two instruments on measuring students' abilities of problem finding and abilities of formulating hypotheses were developed by the researcher in this study. Data analysis involved descriptive statistics, Pearson product-moment correlations, and stepwise multiple regressions. The major findings suggested the following: (1) students' scientific creativity significantly correlated with some of selected variables such as attitudes toward science, problem finding, formulating hypotheses, the nature of science, resistance to closure, originality, and elaboration; (2) four significant predictors including attitudes toward science, problem finding, resistance to closure, and originality accounted for 48% of the variance of students' scientific creativity; (3) there were big differences between students with a higher and a lower degree of scientific creativity on the variables of family support, career images, and readings about science; and (4) many students were confused about the creative and moral levels on NSKS and the concept of "almighty of science" and purposes of science on SAI II. The results of this study may provide a more holistic and integrative interpretation of students' scientific creativity and propose better ways of evaluating students' scientific creativity. In addition, the research results may encourage teachers to view scientific creativity as an ability that can be enhanced through various means in classroom science teaching.

Liang, Jia-Chi

2002-04-01

150

Grade Inflation under the Threat of Students' Nuisance: Theory and Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines a channel, students' nuisance, to explain grade inflation. "Students' nuisance" is defined by "students' pestering the professors for better grades." This paper contains two parts: the game theoretic model and the empirical tests. The model shows that the potential threat of students' nuisance can induce the professors to…

Iris Franz, Wan-Ju

2010-01-01

151

Producing a Documentary in the Third Grade: Reaching All Students through Movie Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article details the work of third grade teacher, co-author Kim Heckart, as she engaged her students in making historical documentaries: a project that succeeded in reaching all of her third-grade students. For the last five years, Kim has required students to make historical documentaries. As her students produced these works, Kim conversed…

Fehn, Bruce; Heckart, Kimberly

2013-01-01

152

Reducing Test Anxiety among Third Grade Students through the Implementation of Relaxation Techniques  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to reduce the negative effects that self-perceived levels of test anxiety have on third-grade students. The participants in this study consisted of 177 third-grade students at two Midwestern public elementary schools. Students at one school were taught relaxation techniques, while students at the second school served…

Larson, Heidi A.; El Ramahi, Mera K.; Conn, Steven R.; Estes, Lincoln A.; Ghibellini, Amanda B.

2010-01-01

153

The Contribution of Work-Sample Test Items, Student-Reported Past Grades, and Student-Predicted Grades in Forecasting Achievement in First-Year Algebra.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Work sample aptitude test items and questionnaire items on past and predicted grades each contributed to the predictive efficiency of the Orleans-Hanna Algebra Prognosis Test in forecasting algebra grades for 2,684 eighth grade students. (Author/PN)

Hanna, Gerald S.; And Others

1983-01-01

154

Do Students Who Get Low Grades Only in Research Methods Need the Same Help as Students Who Get Low Grades in All Topics in Psychology?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some psychology students achieve high grades in all classes except for research methods (RM). Previous research has usually treated low levels of achievement in RM as a unitary phenomenon, without reference to the grades the student is achieving in other subjects. The present internet survey explored preferences for learning RM in 140 psychology…

Barry, John A.

2012-01-01

155

Collaborative Assessment of Students with Diverse Needs: Equitable, Accountable, and Effective Grading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the purposes of student grades, including those driven by Individualized Education Programs. Grading options to ensure objectivity, fairness, and accountability for students with diverse needs are suggested. Types of tests available and possible adaptations are described. School districts are urged to create a grading policy that is…

Hendrikson, Jo; Gable, Robert A.

1997-01-01

156

Reproducibility of the School-Based Nutrition Monitoring Questionnaire among Fourth-Grade Students in Texas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To assess reproducibility of a School-Based Nutrition Monitoring (SBNM) questionnaire for fourth-grade students. Design: Test-retest. Setting: Fourth-grade elementary school classrooms. Participants: Multiethnic fourth-grade students from 2 area school districts (N = 322). Main Outcome Measures: Reproducibility coefficients with time…

Penkilo, Monica; George, Goldy Chacko; Hoelscher, Deanna M.

2008-01-01

157

Academic Handbook, General, Grades -Undergrad Students Page 1 Issued: 2010 12  

E-print Network

/Grades; Definitions of Grades; Grading Scales for Undergraduate Students MARKS / GRADES Undergraduate (S.99-279, S.10, Medicine & Dentistry (BMSc), Music, Science, Social Science, Continuing Studies at Western Sciences, Information and Media Studies, Music, Science, Social Science, Continuing Studies at Western

Lennard, William N.

158

Rating Performance Assessments of Students with Disabilities: A Study of Reliability and Bias  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inclusion of students with disabilities in district-wide and state assessments is mandated by federal regulations, and teachers sometimes play an important role in rating these students' work. In this study, trained teachers rated student proficiency in performance assessments in language arts and mathematics in third, fifth, and ninth grades. The…

Mastergeorge, Ann M.; Martinez, Jose Felipe

2010-01-01

159

Is Science Me? Exploring Middle School Students' STE-M Career Aspirations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores middle school students' aspirations in science, technology, engineering, and medical (STE-M) careers by analyzing survey data during their eighth and ninth grade years from an ethnically and economically diverse sample of Southern California urban and suburban public school students (n = 493). Students were classified…

Aschbacher, Pamela R.; Ing, Marsha; Tsai, Sherry M.

2014-01-01

160

Reading Relationship Study: Success/Failure Rate of First Semester College Students Identified as Poor Readers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to measure the academic success/failure rate of students reading below the ninth grade level, all freshmen students entering Cosumnes River College were given the Nelson-Denny Reading Test during college registration in August 1974. Of the approximately 650 students tested, 113 (17 percent) scored 41 or below; this score corresponds to a…

Chadwick, Robert; Walters, Henry

161

A Model of Academic Self-Concept for High School Hispanic Students in New York  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined how Hispanic students' academic self-concept influences the independent variables of family academic expectations, peer relationships, schoolwork, and student-teacher relationships. A survey was administered to 222 ninth-grade students in Long Island, New York, 99 of whom self-identified as Hispanic. A structural equation…

Calero, Flor R.; Dalley, Christopher; Fernandez, Nicole; Davenport-Dalley, Tania Marie; Morote, Elsa-Sofia; Tatum, Stephanie L.

2014-01-01

162

Final Grade Appeal Procedure (Section 5.13. of the Faculty Handbook) 1 Any student considering a grade appeal should understand that each faculty member  

E-print Network

Final Grade Appeal Procedure (Section 5.13. of the Faculty Handbook) 1 Any student considering a grade appeal should understand that each faculty member has the right and responsibility to determine and is a valid ground for a final grade appeal. 2 Steps to take in final grade appeal ( a) Any student who

Rose, Annkatrin

163

The Enhanced Reading Opportunities Study Final Report: The Impact of Supplemental Literacy Courses for Struggling Ninth-Grade Readers. NCEE 2010-4021  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), just over 70 percent of students nationally arrive in high school with reading skills that are below "proficient"--defined as demonstrating competency over challenging subject matter. Of these students, nearly half do not exhibit even partial mastery of the knowledge and skills…

Somers, Marie-Andree; Corrin, William; Sepanik, Susan; Salinger, Terry; Levin, Jesse; Zmach, Courtney

2010-01-01

164

Examining Science Tools as Mediators of Students' Learning about Circuits.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses a Vygotskian framework to examine students' (n=26) use of tools in a ninth-grade physical science classroom during a unit on electric circuits. Indicates that conceptual progress may be hindered by students' need to first understand the tools in terms of everyday application. Advocates selection of laboratory tools and activities that match…

Carter, Glenda; Westbrook, Susan L.; Thompkins, Cheryl D.

1999-01-01

165

Effects of Classroom Assessment Practices on Students' Achievement Goals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of classroom assessment practices on students' achievement goals. The study included 1,636 ninth grade students and 83 science teachers from Muscat public schools in Oman. Results from hierarchical linear modeling techniques showed that class contextual features and teachers' teaching experiences and assessment…

Alkharusi, Hussain

2008-01-01

166

Students Search for Meaning in the Text through Semantic Mapping.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains semantic mapping as a visual representation of knowledge that is useful for understanding underlying textbook concepts. Outlines steps for constructing a conceptual map with ninth grade students to be used as an aid in reading about peoples of the Middle East. Emphasizes student participation for effective semantic mapping. Provides…

Antonacci, Patricia A.

1991-01-01

167

Being a “Reader” in New Times: A Case Study Examining the Construction of a Reader in a Ninth-Grade English Class  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a case study that examined the ways in which the boundaries of what it meant to be a “reader” were constructed and what counted as reading in a 9th-grade English classroom. Through the examination of 2 literacy practices (i.e., teacher-led shared reading and the reading of school texts outside of school), I explore what it meant to

J. David Gallagher

2012-01-01

168

Adapting Teacher Interventions to Student Needs during Cooperative Learning: How to Improve Student Problem Solving and Time On-Task  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tested a model of teacher interventions (TIs) conducted during cooperative learning to examine how they affected students' subsequent time on-task (TOT) and problem solving. TIs involved groups of ninth-grade students working on an algebra problem; videotaped lessons were transcribed and analyzed. Results showed that teachers initiated…

Chiu, Ming Ming

2004-01-01

169

Scope, Sequence & Coordination: 9th and 10th Grade Science. Supplementary Evaluation Report, December, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this report is to synthesize two other evaluation reports ascertaining the effectiveness of the Scope, Sequence & Coordination (SS&C) project on ninth and tenth grade student achievement of the National Science Education Standards. The overall evaluation utilized a time lag, post-test-only design in which the perceptions and…

Lawrenz, Frances; Huffman, Douglas

170

Efficacy of Online Algebra I for Credit Recovery for At-Risk Ninth Grade Students: Evidence from Year 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is an efficacy trial funded by a grant from the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) National Center for Education Research (NCER). Fifteen CPS high schools are receiving funding to implement two Algebra I credit recovery courses during the summer sessions of 2011 and 2012--one online and one face-to-face (f2f). These courses allow…

Heppen, Jessica; Allensworth, Elaine; Walters, Kirk; Pareja, Amber Stitziel; Kurki, Anja; Nomi, Takako; Sorensen, Nicholas

2012-01-01

171

The Importance of the Ninth Grade on High School Graduation Rates and Student Success in High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to the title of a Robert Fulghum book, all one really needs to know they learned in kindergarten (Fulghum, 1989). Evaluating the national high school graduation rates over the past thirty years, and noting the steady decline in these numbers, which accelerated in the 1990s (Wheelock & Miao, 2005), it would be easy to disagree with Mr.…

McCallumore, Kyle M.; Sparapani, Ervin F.

2010-01-01

172

Consent Form Return Rates for Third-Grade Urban Elementary Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To maximize active parent consent form return rates for third-grade minority, urban students enrolled in predominantly low-income elementary schools in Chicago, Ill. Methods: Research staff used a class incentive and class visits to retrieve consent forms from students. Results: Of the 811 third-grade students, 98% returned a form and …

Ji, Peter; Flay, Brian R.; Phil, D.; DuBois, David L.; Brechling, Vanessa; Day, Joseph; Cantillon, Dan

2006-01-01

173

Effect of Pullout Lessons on the Academic Achievement of Eighth-Grade Band Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effect of pullout instrumental lessons on the academic achievement of eighth-grade band students. Participants (N = 353) included 292 nonband students and 61 band students pulled once per week for music lessons in a single suburban K-8 school district in Midwestern United States. Data indicated that eighth-grade band…

Hash, Phillip M.

2011-01-01

174

Extensive Reading Interventions for Students with Reading Difficulties after Grade 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This synthesis extends a report of research on extensive interventions in kindergarten through third grade (Wanzek & Vaughn, 2007) to students in Grades 4 through 12, recognizing that many of the same questions about the effectiveness of reading interventions with younger students are important to address with older students, including (a) how…

Wanzek, Jeanne; Vaughn, Sharon; Scammacca, Nancy K.; Metz, Kristina; Murray, Christy S.; Roberts, Greg; Danielson, Louis

2013-01-01

175

Student Grade Expectations at Technical College, 2-, and 4-Year Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although students' final course grade expectations have been the focus of several studies, none have looked systematically at students' expectations for grade distributions for the whole class across institutional types, student year in school, and course levels. This study examined such differences as a function of gender, course level,…

McCann, Lee I.; Immel, Kathy R.; Kadah-Ammeter, Tammy L.; Priniski, Stacy J.

2013-01-01

176

Correlation between Grade Point Averages and Student Evaluation of Teaching Scores: Taking a Closer Look  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most contentious potential sources of bias is whether instructors who give higher grades receive higher ratings from students. We examined the grade point averages (GPAs) and student ratings across 2073 general education religion courses at a large private university. A moderate correlation was found between GPAs and student evaluations…

Griffin, Tyler J.; Hilton, John, III.; Plummer, Kenneth; Barret, Devynne

2014-01-01

177

Do Student Evaluations of Teaching Depend on the Distribution of Expected Grade?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior research suggests that student evaluations of teaching may depend on the average grade expected in a class. We hypothesize that, because of risk aversion, student ratings also depend on the distribution of expected grades. As predicted, student ratings at the University of Puerto Rico at Bayamon are significantly and negatively related to…

Matos-Diaz, Horacio; Ragan, James F., Jr.

2010-01-01

178

Interpreting the Relationships among Prosody, Automaticity, Accuracy, and Silent Reading Comprehension in Secondary Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although identified as a critical component of proficient reading in the primary grades, reading fluency (word recognition accuracy, automaticity, and prosody) is often viewed as less important beyond the early stages of reading acquisition. In the present study, 108 ninth-grade students were assessed to explore the relationships among word…

Paige, David D.; Rasinski, Timothy; Magpuri-Lavell, Theresa; Smith, Grant S.

2014-01-01

179

From Caterpillar to Butterfly: A Window for Looking into Students' Ideas about Life Cycle and Life Forms of Insects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was a qualitative analysis of high school students' ideas about life cycle and life forms of the butterfly. For this purpose, open-ended questions and drawing methods were applied to 194 high school students from the ninth to eleventh grades and 14 to 16 years of age in Erzurum, Turkey. Students' drawings were categorised…

Cinici, Ayhan

2013-01-01

180

The Effects of the Use of the Question Exploration Routine on Student Performance in Secondary Content Classrooms. Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The tenth in a series of studies investigating the educational context and outcomes for high school students with disabilities (SWDs), this study explored the use of a Question Exploration Routine as a means of enhancing the performance of students with disabilities in ninth-grade inclusive content classes. Participants were 134 students, with and…

Bulgren, Janis A.; Lenz, B. Keith; Marquis, Janet; Schumaker, Jean B.; Deshler, Donald D.

181

Visual thinking networking promotes long-term meaningful learning and achievement for 9th grade earth science students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An experimental and interview-based design was used to test the efficacy of visual thinking networking (VTN), a new generation of metacognitive learning strategies. Students constructed network diagrams using semantic and figural elements to represent knowledge relationships. The findings indicated the importance of using color in VTN strategies. The use of color promoted the encoding and reconstruction of earth science knowledge in memory and enhanced higher order thinking skills of problem solving. Fifty-six ninth grade earth science students (13--15 years of age) in a suburban school district outside New York City were randomly assigned to three classes with the same instructor. Five major positive findings emerged in the areas of problem solving achievement, organization of knowledge in memory, problem solving strategy dimensionality, conceptual understanding, and gender differences. A multi-covariate analysis was conducted on the pre-post gain scores of the AGI/NSTA Earth Science Examination (Part 1). Students who used the color VTN strategies had a significantly higher mean gain score on the problem solving criterion test items than students who used the black/white VTN (p = .003) and the writing strategies for learning science (p < .001). During a think-out-loud problem solving interview, students who used the color VTN strategies: (1) significantly recalled more earth science knowledge than students who used the black/white VTN (p = .021) and the writing strategies (p < .001); (2) significantly recalled more interrelated earth science knowledge than students who used black/white VTN strategies (p = .048) and the writing strategy (p < .001); (3) significantly used a greater number of action verbs than students who used the writing strategy (p = .033). Students with low abstract reasoning aptitude who used the color VTNs had a significantly higher mean number of conceptually accurate propositions than students who used the black/white VTN (p = .018) and the writing strategies (p = .010). Gender influenced the choice of VTN strategy. Females used significantly more color VTN strategies, while males used predominately black/white VTN strategies (p = .01). A neurocognitive model, the encoding activation theory of the anterior cingulate (ENACT-AC), is proposed as an explanation for these findings.

Longo, Palma Joni

2001-12-01

182

A Journey with "Great Expectations": Charles Dickens Meets the Ninth Grade; A Teacher Researcher Discovers Life in Another Classroom. Report Series 2.4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of six portraits of high school literature classrooms, this paper gives a detailed, evocative characterization of how one "master teacher" introduced, undertook, and guided the study of literature, focusing in particular on how the teacher interacted with students in the context of discussion of a literary work in class. The paper…

Hansbury, Tricia

183

Middle Grades and High Schools Use Effective Strategies to Prepare Students for Challenging High School Studies. High Schools That Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Middle grades schools have their hands full in working with elementary schools and high schools to improve the likelihood of success for middle grades students--accelerating learning, helping elementary students move seamlessly into the middle grades, preparing middle grades students for rigorous high school courses, changing organization and…

Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2011

2011-01-01

184

Report from the Centre for Language and Communication Studies on the Ninth Year of Extracurricular Foreign Language Modules for Students of Other Disciplines and the Fifth Year of Foreign Language Modules in the B.A. (Mod.) in Information and Communications Technology, 1 October 2001-30 September 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report focuses on the ninth year in which the Centre for Language and Communication Studies (CLCS) at the University of Dublin Trinity College offered foreign language modules to students who were not studying a foreign language as part of their degree program. The modules are designed to develop students' communication skills for purposes of…

Trinity Coll., Dublin (Ireland). Centre for Language and Communication Studies.

185

Revised: 12.23.2013 Bb 9(SP13) Downloading and Uploading Data from the Grade Center p. 1 of 5 The Blackboard Grade Center tool allows you to store and display student grades in your  

E-print Network

information from the online grade book can be viewed and manipulated in a spreadsheet program The Blackboard Grade Center tool allows you to store and display student grades in your Blackboard course site. If you choose to use the Grade Center, we strongly recommend that you save a copy of the online grade

Qiu, Weigang

186

The Unintended Consequences of an Algebra-for-All Policy on High-Skill Students: Effects on Instructional Organization and Students' Academic Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1997, Chicago implemented a policy that required algebra for all ninth-grade students, eliminating all remedial coursework. This policy increased opportunities to take algebra for low-skill students who had previously enrolled in remedial math. However, little is known about how schools respond to the policy in terms of organizing math…

Nomi, Takako

2012-01-01

187

Prematriculation Program Grades as Predictors of Black and Other Nontraditional Students' First-Year Academic Performances.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study explored predictors of African-American and other nontraditional medical students' first-year academic performance at the Medical College of Georgia. Variables included undergraduate grades and grades in a summer prematriculation program (SPP) featuring biochemistry, anatomy, and immunology courses. SPP grades were found useful in…

Hesser, Al; Lewis, Lloyd

1992-01-01

188

Estimating the Impact of Relative Expected Grade on Student Evaluations of Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grade inflation over the past few decades has been a concern for many universities. Course evaluation scores are known to be positively correlated with students' expected grades, and this paper tests whether or not there is an incentive for the instructor to "buy" higher evaluation scores by inflating grades. To test this hypothesis, I use unique…

Ewing, Andrew M.

2012-01-01

189

Grading New York: Accountability and Student Proficiency in America's Largest School District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article uses a regression discontinuity approach to study the influence of New York City's school grading policy on student math and English language arts (ELA) achievement. We find evidence that students in schools receiving a failing grade realized positive effects in English in the 1st year of sanction, but we find no statistically…

Winters, Marcus A.; Cowen, Joshua M.

2012-01-01

190

Grade Inflation and Student Individual Differences as Systematic Bias in Faculty Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The media has recently exposed that grade inflation is a concern for higher education in North America. Grade inflation may be due to consumerism by universities that now compete for students. Keeping students happy (and paying) may have been emphasized more than learning. We review the literature on faculty evaluation and present a model that…

Germain, Marie-Line; Scandura, Terri A.

2005-01-01

191

Student views on criterion-referenced assessment and grading in Swedish physical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The pedagogical and status implications of assessment in physical education (PE) have been recognised in the past. How students perceive being assessed and graded is a neglected area, however. While some studies have garnered students' perceptions of assessment when no grade is awarded or the stakes are relatively low, we know less about how assessment in physical education is

Karin Redelius; Peter J. Hay

2012-01-01

192

Student views on criterion-referenced assessment and grading in Swedish physical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The pedagogical and status implications of assessment in physical education (PE) have been recognised in the past. How students perceive being assessed and graded is a neglected area, however. While some studies have garnered students' perceptions of assessment when no grade is awarded or the stakes are relatively low, we know less about how assessment in physical education is

Karin Redelius; Peter J. Hay

2011-01-01

193

Performance and Attitude of Student Teachers as Affected by Two Grading Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings of a study conducted at Iowa State University, Ames, indicated student subjects were not affected by the use of pass-fail grading, and that student teachers were less anxious and more positive about their relationship with their cooperating teachers under pass-fail than under A-F grading. (BP)

Clawson, Barbara N.; Scruggs, M. Marguerite

1974-01-01

194

%Grades received by students Extending the Next Generation Robot Laboratory to  

E-print Network

in CS1 course Very few women and minorities Goal To increase student interest and improve grades through-player game. Results Increased class attendance Increased the number of students receiving grades in the A by NSF grant DUE-CCLI-0511304 and by the Bush Foundation. Videos of AIBO lab posted on YouTube #12;

Gini, Maria

195

Student Views on Criterion-Referenced Assessment and Grading in Swedish Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The pedagogical and status implications of assessment in physical education (PE) have been recognised in the past. How students perceive being assessed and graded is a neglected area, however. While some studies have garnered students' perceptions of assessment when no grade is awarded or the stakes are relatively low, we know less…

Redelius, Karin; Hay, Peter J.

2012-01-01

196

Healthcare Students' Perceptions of Electronic Feedback through GradeMark®  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the findings from a study undertaken to explore students' perceptions of the timeliness, accessibility, consistency, and quality of feedback and grading received electronically. The system used was GradeMark®, an electronic tool available through the plagiarism software provider, Turnitin®. 296 students from the Schools…

Watkins, Diane; Dummer, Paul; Hawthorne, Kamila; Cousins, Judy; Emmett, Catherine; Johnson, Mike

2014-01-01

197

The Impact of Instrumental Music Instruction on the Academic Achievement of Fifth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the influence of instrumental music instruction on the academic achievement of fifth grade students. The sample consisted of 270 fifth grade students (135 boys and 135 girls) located in a southwestern Kansas school district in a city of approximately 20,000 people. The independent variables considered were: instrumental…

Dryden, Susannah

198

Alcohol Use and the Grades of Middle and High School Students: Does School Choice Have Effects?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the question of whether youth drinking leads to lower grades for public and private school students. Instrumental variables (IV) regressions are used to investigate differences in the relationship between drinking and grades based on whether students attend a public or private school. The regressions reveal that drinking…

Austin, Wesley; Heath, Cary

2012-01-01

199

Employment During High School: Consequences for Students' Grades in Academic Courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

High school students who work intensively at paid jobs tend to have lower grades in academic courses. Prior research has not properly tested theories about the source of the relationship between student employment and grades (or other outcomes), and has not explicitly modeled the potentially reciprocal nature of this relationship. We focus on both the short- and long-term effects of

John Robert Warren; Paul C. LePore; Robert D. Mare

2000-01-01

200

Middle School Students' Statistical Literacy: Role of Grade Level and Gender  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the role of gender and grade level on middle school students' statistical literacy. The study was conducted in the spring semester of the 2012-2013 academic year with 598 middle-school students (grades 6-8) from three public schools in Turkey. The data were collected using the Statistical Literacy Test, developed based on…

Yolcu, Ayse

2014-01-01

201

Early Grade Retention and Student Success: Evidence from Los Angeles. Technical Appendices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report uses administrative data provided by the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) on kindergarten to third-grade students. The records begin with kindergartners in 2001, first-graders in 2002, second-graders in 2003, and third-graders in 2004 and include all LAUSD students in grades K-3 for 2004 to 2008. Altogether, the raw data…

Cannon, Jill S.; Lipscomb, Stephen

2011-01-01

202

Senior Grades/Diploma Whereas Northeast Missouri State University has identified student learning  

E-print Network

Senior Grades/Diploma Whereas Northeast Missouri State University has identified student learning, and the delivery of diplomas be adopted: · grades for all students will be turned in after the completion will be eligible to march in the commencement ceremony · diplomas and final official transcripts will be mailed

Gering, Jon C.

203

The Mismatch among Students' Views about Nature of Science, Acceptance of Evolution, and Evolutionary Science Understandings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored interrelationships among high school students' views about nature of science (NOS), acceptance of evolution, and conceptual understanding of evolution, and the extent to which these may have shifted from pre- to post-instruction on evolutionary theory. Eighty-one students enrolled in ninth-grade Biology responded to…

Cavallo, Ann M. L.; White, Kevin J.; McCall, David

2011-01-01

204

Preparing for Life and Work: A Student and Parent Guide to High School Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a guide to help students, who are entering the ninth grade, and their parents prepare for the transition from middle school to high school. The booklet is organized around a series of questions that students might ask themselves as they begin to plan for their high school careers. Each question is considered and discussed to…

Wisconsin State Dept. of Public Instruction, Madison. Bureau for Pupil Services.

205

LEXICOGRAPHY. HISTORY OF ENGLISH, PART ONE. LANGUAGE CURRICULUM III, STUDENT VERSION.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

AN OUTLINE OF THE NEED FOR AND USES OF LEXICOGRAPHY AND A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE, PART 1, WERE COMBINED IN THIS CURRICULUM GUIDE FOR NINTH-GRADE STUDENTS. THE FIRST SECTION, THE OUTLINE ON LEXICOGRAPHY, GAVE A BRIEF HISTORY OF DICTIONARY COMPILATION AND DESCRIBED THE NEED FOR DICTIONARIES AND THEIR USES. WAYS WERE SUGGESTED FOR STUDENTS

KITZHABER, ALBERT R.

206

Improving Problem-Solving Techniques for Students in Low-Performing Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers can use culturally relevant pedagogical strategies and technologies as emerging tools to improve students' problem-solving skills. The purpose of this study was to investigate and assess the effectiveness of culturally specific computer-based instructional tasks on ninth-grade African American mathematics students. This study tried to…

Hobbs, Robert Maurice

2012-01-01

207

An Analysis of Students' Misconceptions Concerning Photosynthesis and Respiration in Plants.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aims of this study were to diagnose students' misconceptions concerning photosynthesis and respiration in plants, and to investigate reasons behind these misconceptions. The subjects were 45 ninth grade high school students and 11 high school teachers. Data were collected by interview technique. All of the interviews were audiotaped and…

Capa, Yesim; Yildirim, Ali; Ozden, M. Yasar

208

From Egg Drops to Gum Drops: Teaching Fourth Grade Students about Engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students remember 80% of what they do and 20% of what they hear. With this premise in mind, the author developed an active approach to educating a classroom of fourth grade students in multiple areas of engineering. The intent is minimally, to increase interest in math and science in the young students. Optimally, the students will pursue engineering as a

David R. Chesney

209

The Effects of a Water Conservation Instructional Unit on the Values Held by Sixth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sixth grade students were divided into two groups. Students in one group received instruction on water conservation using expository and discovery activities. The students in the control group received none. Results gave evidence that students' values could be changed by this mode of water conservation instruction. (MA)

Aird, Andrew; Tomera, Audrey

1977-01-01

210

Modeling the Influence of Calculator Use and Teacher Effects on First Grade Students' Mathematics Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American students continue to struggle on measures of student achievement. This study employed Hierarchical Linear Modeling to estimate a two-level model and examine the influences of calculator use and teachers' instructional practices on student achievement in mathematics amongst first-grade students. The outcome variable was mathematics test…

Polly, Drew

2008-01-01

211

Study on 8 th Grade Students' Thoughts about the Mathematics Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the thoughts of the 8th grade students in Turkey on the mathematics course and the relations between the mathematics courses and other variables such as the students' origins, gender and the mathematics scores students achieved. Based on the results, it was concluded that there is not evidence reflecting a relation between students' origins and thoughts, but there

Nezahat ÇETIN; Nevin Mahir; Mehmet ÜREYEN; Ayhan HAKAN

212

Detecting most influencing courses on students grades using block PCA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the modern solutions adopted in dealing with the problem of large number of variables in statistical analyses is the Block Principal Component Analysis (Block PCA). This modified technique can be used to reduce the vertical dimension (variables) of the data matrix Xn×p by selecting a smaller number of variables, (say m) containing most of the statistical information. These selected variables can then be employed in further investigations and analyses. Block PCA is an adapted multistage technique of the original PCA. It involves the application of Cluster Analysis (CA) and variable selection throughout sub principal components scores (PC's). The application of Block PCA in this paper is a modified version of the original work of Liu et al (2002). The main objective was to apply PCA on each group of variables, (established using cluster analysis), instead of involving the whole large pack of variables which was proved to be unreliable. In this work, the Block PCA is used to reduce the size of a huge data matrix ((n = 41) × (p = 251)) consisting of Grade Point Average (GPA) of the students in 251 courses (variables) in the faculty of science in Benghazi University. In other words, we are constructing a smaller analytical data matrix of the GPA's of the students with less variables containing most variation (statistical information) in the original database. By applying the Block PCA, (12) courses were found to `absorb' most of the variation or influence from the original data matrix, and hence worth to be keep for future statistical exploring and analytical studies. In addition, the course Independent Study (Math.) was found to be the most influencing course on students GPA among the 12 selected courses.

Othman, Osama H.; Gebril, Rami Salah

2014-12-01

213

Testing the Efficacy of "INSIGHTS" on Student Disruptive Behavior, Classroom Management, and Student Competence in Inner City Primary Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A prevention trial tested the efficacy of "INSIGHTS into Children's Temperament" as compared to a Read Aloud attention control condition in reducing student disruptive behavior and enhancing student competence and teacher classroom management. Participants included 116 first and second grade students, their parents, and their 42 teachers in six…

McClowry, Sandra Graham; Snow, David L.; Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine S.; Rodriguez, Eileen T.

2010-01-01

214

Effectiveness of Hands-on and Minds-on Activities on Students' Achievement and Attitudes towards Physics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research aimed to investigate the effectiveness of hands-on and minds-on activities on ninth grade students' achievement in and attitudes towards simple electric circuits. The study was conducted with 130 students, 70 of which were assigned as experimental group and instructed by hands-on/minds-on activities, while the 60 were assigned as…

Ates, Ozlem; Eryilmaz, Ali

2011-01-01

215

A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Algebra 1 Students' Achievement Sofokli Garo, Ph.D.; Professor of Education  

E-print Network

of Education "A. Moisiu" University, Durres, Albania sofokligaro@gmail.com Abstract The purpose algebraic solving abilities of 219 students in a city of Albania and 242 ninth-grade American students in the U.S. and Albania. The topic of this study was Algebra 1 because this mathematics course is required

Spagnolo, Filippo

216

Developing and Validating Instruments for Measuring Democratic Climate of the Civic Education Classroom and Student Engagement in North Sulawesi, Indonesia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the Rasch Rating Scale model, data collected from 200 ninth grade students in North Sulawesi Indonesia were analysed. This analysis sought to validate instruments developed to measure the Democratic Climate of Civic Education Classrooms (DCCEC) and Student Engagement in Civic Education Classrooms (SECEC). Category used, item and person…

Mappiasse, Sulaiman

2006-01-01

217

The effects of different motivational climates on students’ achievement goals, motivational strategies and attitudes toward physical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to analyse whether conducting physical education lessons according to different motivational climates leads to a significant difference between students’ achievement goals, motivational strategies and attitudes towards physical education. Participants (81-ninth grade students) were allocated to one of three experimental groups. The researchers conducted a 12-week programme of physical education lessons with the experimental groups.

Gökçe Erturan ?lker; Giyasettin Demirhan

2012-01-01

218

The Effects of Different Motivational Climates on Students' Achievement Goals, Motivational Strategies and Attitudes toward Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to analyse whether conducting physical education lessons according to different motivational climates leads to a significant difference between students' achievement goals, motivational strategies and attitudes towards physical education. Participants (81-ninth grade students) were allocated to one of three experimental…

Ilker, Gokce Erturan; Demirhan, Giyasettin

2013-01-01

219

Simulation as a Home Learning Environment--Students' Views.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a pilot study aimed at exploring the possibility of introducing simulation-based homework into junior high school ninth grade science classes studying electric circuits. Analyzes students' views in relation to their prior computer experience and their achievement, and discusses results from questionnaires and interviews that show…

Ronen, M.; Eliahu, M.

1999-01-01

220

Are psychosocial factors related to smoking in grade-6 students?  

PubMed

The associations of psychosocial characteristics with both gender and smoking behavior were explored in a sample of 1552 grade-six students from 107 schools in one Ontario, Canada, school district. Ever smokers were more likely to have spending money: a part-time job; to have missed school in previous 2 months; perceive themselves to be below average or average in school; to have a mother, a father, and a sibling who smoke; to have consumed low alcohol and alcoholic beverages; and agree with fewer positive statements concerning second-hand smoke and the addictive properties of smoking. Ever smokers had more close friends who tried smoking, spent more time with friends, scored higher on depression, rebelliousness, and social conformity scales, reported more life events in the past year, and had lower scores for social support. More boys than girls had ever smoked (18.9% vs. 14.7%). Gender differences were found for sociodemographic, attitudes, social bonding, and psychosocial factors. PMID:9113212

Pederson, L L; Koval, J J; O'Connor, K

1997-01-01

221

Analysis of Year by Year Grade Point Averages of Students Identified as Academically Gifted.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated whether a particular grade in school would prove to be critical in the development of underachievement in 100 high school students identified as intellectually gifted, where 18 of the students were identified as underachieving. Data were collected on each student, including IQ scores, age identified as gifted, gender, final…

Goots, Pamela Bertozzi

222

Neither Even nor Odd: Sixth Grade Students' Dilemmas Regarding the Parity of Zero  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates two sixth grade students' dilemmas regarding the parity of zero. Both students originally claimed that zero was neither even nor odd. Interviews revealed a conflict between students' formal definitions of even numbers and their concept images of even numbers, zero, and division. These images were supported by practically…

Levenson, Esther; Tsamir, Pessia; Tirosh, Dina

2007-01-01

223

Children's Perceptions of Parental Attitude Affecting Breakfast Skipping in Primary Sixth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Breakfast skipping is an international public health concern. This study investigated the prevalence of breakfast skipping among primary sixth-grade students in Hong Kong and the impact of students' perceptions of parental attitudes on breakfast skipping. Methods: A total of 426 students aged 10-14 years in 4 local schools participated…

Cheng, Tereza Sy; Tse, Lap Ah; Yu, Ignatius Tak-Sun; Griffiths, Sian

2008-01-01

224

Effect of a Graphing Calculator on a 10th-Grade Student's Study of Trigonometry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author investigated the patterns of 1 student's mathematical thinking processes and described the nature of the learning experience that the student encountered in trigonometry as he engaged in independent explorations within an interactive technology environment. This qualitative case study was guided by the work of B. Bloom (1956), L. Burton (1984), and L. Colgan (1992). A 10th-grade student who

Sang Sook Choi-koh

2003-01-01

225

Acids and Bases: The Appropriation of the Arrhenius Model by Tunisian Grade 10 Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this work, we propose to identify the knowledge that Tunisian grade 10 students build up concerning acids and bases. Thus, after learning, we have proceeded by giving a paper and pencil task to students of two levels of teaching. The results obtained allow us to say that the assimilated knowledge is transitory; that the students have a worse…

Ouertatani, Latifa; Dumon, Alain; Trabelsi, Malika Ayadi; Soudani, Mohamed

2007-01-01

226

Fifth-Grade Students' Knowledge about Writing Process and Writing Genres  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine what students know about the process of writing and the characteristics of stories, persuasive arguments, and informational reports. Participants were 50 grade 5 students. Students responded to questions about writing process and the three different types of writing, and showed a nuanced but relatively…

Gillespie, Amy; Olinghouse, Natalie G.; Graham, Steve

2013-01-01

227

A Study of the Level of Achievement Motivation and Its Relation to Student Grades in Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between the level of achievement motivation of Essex County College students and their grades in psychology. Forty-one ECC students, both male and female, predominantly lower-class black students, took part in the study. The level of achievement motivation was measured in terms of the scores a person obtained…

Coleman, Thomas R.

228

Epistemological Beliefs of Third-Grade Students in an Investigation-Rich Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of becoming scientifically literate, students should come to appreciate epistemic aspects of science. Little research has been conducted on elementary students' epistemological beliefs specific to science education. This study offers insights into third-grade students' epistemological beliefs while paying attention to the intersection of…

Kittleson, Julie M.

2011-01-01

229

Early Numeracy Intervention Program for First-Grade Students with Mathematics Difficulties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of an early numeracy preventative Tier 2 intervention on the mathematics performance of first-grade students with mathematics difficulties. Researchers used a pretest-posttest control group design with randomized assignment of 139 students to the Tier 2 treatment condition and 65 students to…

Bryant, Diane Pedrotty; Bryant, Brian R.; Roberts, Greg; Vaughn, Sharon; Pfannenstiel, Kathleen Hughes; Porterfield, Jennifer; Gersten, Russell

2011-01-01

230

Using Dynamic Geometry Software to Improve Eight Grade Students' Understanding of Transformation Geometry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the effect of dynamic geometry software (DGS) on students' learning of transformation geometry. A pre- and post-test quasi-experimental design was used. Participants in the study were 68 eighth grade students (36 in the experimental group and 32 in the control group). While the experimental group students were studying the…

Guven, Bulent

2012-01-01

231

Coffee Can Speakers: Amazing Energy Transformers--Fifth-Grade Students Learn the Science behind Speakers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors describe steps on how to develop a high-impact activity in which students build, test, and improve their own "coffee can" speakers to observe firsthand how loudspeakers work to convert electrical energy to sound. The activity is appropriate for students in grades three to six and lends itself best to students

Wise, Kevin; Haake, Monica

2007-01-01

232

Reforming the Eighth-Grade Student Assignment Process for the Philadelphia Public Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The eighth grade student assignment project, an initiative of the School District of Philadelphia, assigns students to high school academic programs based on student preferences, academic preparation, program capacity, and desegregation requirements. These programs, called small learning communities (SLCs), emphasize areas such as design and…

Johnson, Michael P.

233

Teacher-Student Relationship Quality Type in Elementary Grades: Effects on Trajectories for Achievement and Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher, peer, and student reports of the quality of the teacher-student relationship were obtained for an ethnically diverse and academically at-risk sample of 706 second- and third-grade students. Cluster analysis identified four types of relationships based on the consistency of child reports of support and conflict in the relationship with…

Wu, Jiun-Yu; Hughes, Jan N.; Kwok, Oi-Man

2010-01-01

234

Influences of Math Tracking on Seventh-Grade Students' Self-Beliefs and Social Comparisons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined how math track placement and gender affected 7th-grade students' self-esteem, self-concepts, and social comparisons. Participants were 170 students who completed surveys that assessed their self-esteem, academic self-concepts of ability, and the kinds of social comparisons they make. Results showed that higher track students

Chiu, Donna; Beru, Yodit; Watley, Erin; Wubu, Selam; Simson, Emma; Kessinger, Robin; Rivera, Anahi; Schmidlein, Patrick; Wigfield, Allan

2008-01-01

235

Fifth Grade Students' Understanding of Ratio and Proportion in an Engineering Robotics Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research described in this dissertation explores the impact of utilizing a LEGO-robotics integrated engineering and mathematics program to support fifth grade students' learning of ratios and proportion in an extracurricular program. The research questions guiding this research study were (1) how do students' test results compare for students

Ortiz, Araceli Martinez

2010-01-01

236

Communities. Community Study Unit, Grade 1. Teacher Edition, Field Trip Guide for Teachers, and Student Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit is designed to help first grade students understand the broad concept of community. The students experience a variety of in-class and field trip activities that will expose them to communities. The students observe and compare both natural and human-designed communities. Learning activities include pantomimes, listening activities,…

Lee County School District, Ft. Myers, FL. Dept. of Environmental Education and Instructional Development Services.

237

Do Course Evaluations Truly Reflect Student Learning? Evidence from an Objectively Graded Post-Test  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is difficult to assess the extent to which course evaluations reflect how much students truly learn from a course because valid measures of learning are rarely available. This paper makes use of a unique setting in which students take a common, high-stakes post-test which is centrally graded and serves as the basis for capturing actual student

Beleche, Trinidad; Fairris, David; Marks, Mindy

2012-01-01

238

Concept Mapping in Science Class: A Case Study of Fifth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research project was to determine the effects of incorporating concept mapping on the achievement of fifth grade students in science class. The study was conducted with twenty-three students at Ata Elementary School, Trabzon, Turkey. The students were tested with teacher-constructed pre- and post tests containing 20…

Asan, Askin

2007-01-01

239

Are You Convinced? Middle-Grade Students' Evaluations of Mathematical Arguments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students learn norms of proving by observing teachers generating proofs, engaging in proving, and generalizing features of proofs deemed convincing by an authority, such as a textbook. Students at all grade levels have difficulties generating valid proof; however, little research exists on students' understandings about what makes a…

Bieda, Kristen N.; Lepak, Jerilynn

2014-01-01

240

Improving Spelling and Language Arts Skills of Chapter 1 Fourth Grade Students through Paragraph Compositions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practicum addressed the problem of Chapter 1 fourth grade students not being able to compose a paragraph using correct spelling and language arts skills. The subjects were 16 predominantly Black and Hispanic students in a school in an old small southern city. The students had paragraph composition assignments weekly. The goals were: (1) to…

Budnik, Patricia McNulty

241

Strengthening Grade 3-5 Students' Foundational Knowledge of Rational Numbers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: American students have done poorly in algebra and that has generated policy concerns about preparing students for STEM careers. There has been growing recognition that the algebra problem may begin in earlier grades when students do not adequately master rational numbers. Purpose: The study provided a series of workshops organized…

Good, Thomas L.; Wood, Marcy B.; Sabers, Darrell; Olson, Amy M.; Lavigne, Alyson Leah; Sun, Huaping; Kalinec-Craig, Crystal

2013-01-01

242

Impact of Student Calculator Use on the 2013 NAEP Twelfth-Grade Mathematics Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This descriptive research study examined 2013 NAEP 12th-grade mathematics scores by students' use of graphing calculators in math classes and the kind of calculator students used during NAEP assessment. NAEP Data Explorer analysis included two questions from Student Factors: How often do you use these different kinds of calculators in math…

Klecker, Beverly M.; Klecker, Richard L.

2014-01-01

243

Does It Add up? Calculators as Accommodations for Sixth Grade Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the performance of sixth grade students with and without disabilities on a mathematics assessment aligned to state standards when provided a calculator as an accommodation. The study utilized a pre/posttest design. No student was given access to a calculator on the pretest, and approximately half of the students were randomly…

Bouck, Emily C.; Bouck, Mary K.

2009-01-01

244

Electronic Storybooks: A Constructivist Approach to Improving Reading Motivation in Grade 1 Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study stemmed from a concern of the perceived decline in students' reading motivation after the early years of schooling. This research investigated the effectiveness of online eBooks on eight grade 1 students' reading motivation. Eight students were given ten 25-minute sessions with the software programs over 15 weeks. Qualitative data were…

Ciampa, Katia

2012-01-01

245

Linguistic Characteristics in the Written Language Development of Native Spanish-Speaking Students. Bilingual Education Paper Series, Vol. 4, No. 4, November 1980.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation provides descriptive information about the developmental characteristics of syntactic and morphological structures found in the written Spanish language of native Spanish-speaking students in fourth to ninth grades. A sample population composed of 34 male and 56 female Spanish-speaking students was randomly selected from two…

Paviolo, Ema T.

246

Examining the Relationships between Metacognition, Self-Regulation and Critical Thinking in Online Socratic Seminars for High School Social Studies Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationships between metacognition, self-regulation and students' critical thinking skills and disposition in online Socratic Seminars for ninth grade World Geography and Culture students. Participants of this study came from six intact pre-AP (Pre-Advanced Placement) classes in a public high school in south central Texas…

Lee, Shih-Ting

2009-01-01

247

Longitudinal Investigation of Elementary Students' Science Academic Achievement in 4-8th Grades: Grade Level and Gender Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the change of the science academic achievement by grade level and gender where 222 elementary students' science and technology course scores between the 4th and 8th grades and science success percentages in 6th and 8th grades Level Determination Exam were longitudinally analyzed. Based on the findings of this study,…

Bursal, Murat

2013-01-01

248

Increasing Word Recognition with Racially Diverse Second-Grade Students Using Fluency-Oriented Reading Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author examined the effectiveness of 2 fluency-oriented reading programs on improving reading fluency for an ethnically diverse sample of second-grade students. The first approach is Fluency-Oriented Reading Instruction (S. A. Stahl & K. Heubach, 2005), which incorporates the repeated reading of a grade-level text over the course of an…

Turner, Franklin Dickerson

2012-01-01

249

Factors Affecting Literacy Achievement of Eighth Grade Middle School Instrumental Music Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this pretest-posttest comparative efficacy study was to analyze factors affecting literacy achievement of eighth grade middle school instrumental music students (n = 38) including (a) socioeconomic status (SES), (b) gender, (c) grade point average (GPA), (d) music motivation, (e) music involvement, and (f) instrument section. The…

Kurt, Johnny T.

2010-01-01

250

Course Grades and Academic Performance by University Students: A Two-Stage Least-Squares Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results suggest that while homework assignments, tests, and required texts increase the time students allot to a given course, and time allocated to a given course has a positive effect on course grades, the combination has a negative effect on course grade. High school performance is positively related to time given to a course but not to course…

Frisbee, William R.

1984-01-01

251

Grading Scheme for Veterinary Student Performance in Pass-Fail Didactic Surgery  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A retrospective study was performed to evaluate a satisfactory/unsatisfactory (S/U) grading scheme in a didactic surgery laboratory during the first 3 years of implementation (2002-2004) and identify areas for improvement that might be adapted to this course or similar courses. Each instructor graded six students per session by assigning a…

Mann, F. A.; March, Zachary; Tomlinson, James L.; Pope, Eric R.; Cook, James L.; Wagner-Mann, Colette C.; Yoon, Hun-Young

2009-01-01

252

Grade-Aligned Math Instruction for Secondary Students with Moderate Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of grade-aligned math instruction on math skill acquisition of four middle schools with moderate intellectual disability. Teachers were trained to follow a task analysis to teach grade-aligned math to middle school students using adapted math problem stories and graphic organizers. The teacher…

Browder, Diane M.; Jimenez, Bree A.; Trela, Katherine

2012-01-01

253

Improving Reading, Writing, and Content Learning for Students in Grades 4-12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In contrast to the primary grades when children are learning to read, students in grades 4 through 12 are expected to learn content as they read, yet they may still struggle with reading basics. This book provides a realistic and systematic process for improving reading and writing while enhancing content knowledge and skills. Based on proven…

Taylor, Rosemarye T.

2006-01-01

254

The Effects of Class Size on Student Grades at a Public University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We model how class size affects the grade higher education students earn and we test the model using an ordinal logit with and without fixed effects on over 760,000 undergraduate observations from a northeastern public university. We find that class size negatively affects grades for a variety of specifications and subsets of the data, as well as…

Kokkelenberg, Edward C.; Dillon, Michael; Christy, Sean M.

2008-01-01

255

Minimum Reading Fluency Necessary for Comprehension among Second-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study examined the relationship between oral reading fluency (ORF) and reading comprehension for students in second grade. A total of 84 participants were randomly assigned to one of four conditions that involved reading a grade-appropriate passage with either 0%, 10%, 20%, or 30% scrambled words and answering subsequent comprehension…

Burns, Matthew K.; Kwoka, Heather; Lim, Becky; Crone, Melissa; Haegele, Katherine; Parker, David C.; Petersen, Shawna; Scholin, Sarah E.

2011-01-01

256

4th Grade Students Investigate Electric Circuits Through Construction and Illustration  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As an activity related to FOSS unit Magnetism and Electricity, 4th grade science students use a computer download to explore electrical circuits and to generate illustrations of electrical circuits for physical models built in class

257

The Relationship between Curriculum-Based Measures in Oral Reading Fluency and High-Stakes Tests for Seventh Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between oral reading fluency and performance on a statewide reading achievement test for middle grades students. Participants in this study were 75 seventh grade students. One month before the students were administered the state test, each student read three probes from their current…

Hunley, Sawyer A.; Davies, Susan C.; Miller, Christina R.

2013-01-01

258

Application For Assigning Grades To Students Using Public Key Infrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The following article presents the design concepts behind a stand-alone grade management system. The system uses digital signature for user authentication and data integrity preservation. In addition to grading data storage, the system delivers basic certification authority and key management functions. The system is based on J2EE and Hibernate, with JSP and Java applets in presentation layer and servlets for

P. Jachtoma; B. Sakowicz; J. Wojciechowski; A. Napieralski

2006-01-01

259

Grade 1 Students Meet David Wiesner's "Three Pigs."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the oral, written, and visual arts responses of a group of Grade 1 children. Discusses first grade children's understandings of and responses to several Radical Change characteristics and metafictive techniques found in David Wiesner's "The Three Pigs" (2001), the 2002 Randolph Caldecott Medal winner. Explores the nature of the literary…

Pantaleo, Sylvia

2002-01-01

260

Predicting Students' Performance on Agricultural Science Examination from Forecast Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Botswana Examination Council (BEC) uses forecast grades obtained from secondary school Agriculture teachers to review component 2 of Agriculture final examination. Moderation of component 2 can help to improve candidates' final grade. This descriptive-correlational study purports to determine which of the component 1 (multiple choice),…

Moreetsi, Thobega; Mbako, Masole Trust

2008-01-01

261

Grade Inflation: Reality or Myth? Student Preparation Level vs. Grades at Brigham Young University, 1975-1994. AIR 1997 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to investigate the extent to which grade inflation has existed at Brigham Young University (BYU) after accounting for increased preparation levels of entering students over time. Analyses were conducted for the university at large and individual colleges. The study first developed a model to forecast student grade point…

Olsen, Danny R.

262

Determining Importance Student Template: What's It All About? Grades 2-3  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This template is an instructional tool that can be used by students to practice the comprehension strategy determining importance after reading a text. The template provides an opportunity for students to distinguish between the main ideas and the interesting details of a text. The template was created for use by students in Grades 2-3 with the Feature Story, Reader of the Rocks. It is a PDF file that can be copied and distributed to students.

Allen, Tracey; Reeson, Clarissa

263

Determining Importance Student Template: What's It All About? Grades 4-5  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This template is an instructional tool that can be used by students to practice the comprehension strategy determining importance after reading a text. The template provides an opportunity for students to distinguish between the main ideas and the interesting details of a text. The template was created for use by students in Grades 4-5 with the Feature Story, Reader of the Rocks. It is a PDF file that can be copied and distributed to students.

Allen, Tracey; Reeson, Clarissa

264

Developing a Reading/Writing Curriculum for At-Risk High School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study analyzed teacher and student perceptions of a literature-based reading/writing curriculum for at-risk high school students. Eighteen students, (3 girls, 15 boys) ranging in age from 15 to 18 years, began English 9, a redesigned one-semester literature-based make-up course for students who failed ninth-grade English. Prior to the study, the…

Rafferty, Cathleen D.; And Others

265

School Climate and the Relationship to Student Learning of Hispanic 10th Grade Students in Arizona Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provided an analysis of Hispanic 10th grade student academic achievement in the areas of mathematics, reading and writing as measured by the Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards. The study is based on data of 163 school districts and 25,103 (95%) students in the state of Arizona as published by the Arizona Department of…

Nava Delgado, Mauricio

2011-01-01

266

All Students Can Learn: Effects of Curriculum Alignment on the Mathematics Achievement of Third-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study involved over 4,000 third grade students in a large (90,000+) suburban-emerging-urban school district. The purpose of the study was to examine the effectiveness of curriculum alignment on student achievement in mathematics as measured by the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (IOWA) after one year of implementation in the DeKalb County School…

Mitchell, Felicia Moss

267

Society for College Science Teachers: Grade Inflation -- Is Ranking Students the Answer?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In recent years, several solutions have been proposed at various institutions nationwide to curb the phenomena of "grade inflation". Solutions include limiting the number of A's awarded, converting to a +/- system, publishing the class GPA next to each grade, or publishing an index based on the grades typically awarded in the class (Johnson 2003). With the many variations, exceptions and ranking systems being debated, the fundamental issue remains, whether students should be ranked as a means to contend with the effects of grade inflation.

Donald P. French

2005-05-01

268

Report of Student Performance in Writing, 1999-2000: Grades 4, 7, and 10. North Carolina Testing Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 1999-2000 report of student performance in writing provides information on student performance on the North Carolina Writing Assessment at Grades 4, 7, and 10. Noting that the annual writing assessment, a component of the North Carolina Testing Program, is also a component of the ABCs Accountability Program at Grades 4 and 7 and at Grade 10…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Instructional Services.

269

Primary-Grade Students' Knowledge and Thinking about Food Production and the Origins of Common Foods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individual interviews were conducted with 96 K-3 students, stratified according to grade level, achievement level, and gender. The students were asked to explain land-to-hand progressions involved in bringing several common foods to our tables, identify products derived from common farm animals, explain why a pound of cereal costs more than a…

Brophy, Jere; Alleman, Janet; O'Mahony, Carolyn

2003-01-01

270

Primary Grade Students Engage in Creative Word Play through Traditional and Hands-On Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Word play is an important skill allowing product names, show titles, jokes, poetry and other writings or orations to be interesting, entertaining and well-remembered. This pretest--posttest counterbalanced study compared two instructional approaches for teaching second and third grade students (n = 71) word play skills. Students at a public…

Webb, Angela Naomi; Rule, Audrey C.; Cavanaugh, Adrianna D.; Munson, Angel

2014-01-01

271

Effects of Teacher Educational Background and Experience on Student Achievement in the Early Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation examines the relationship between teacher educational background, teacher experience, and student achievement in preschool, kindergarten, and first grade. The first essay of this dissertation, "Effects of Teacher Degree Level, Coursework, and Certification on Student Achievement in Math and Reading in Kindergarten,"…

Leak, James Alexander

2012-01-01

272

Thinking Maps: An innovative way to increase sixth-grade student achievement in social studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this quantitative study was to determine the effect of Thinking Maps on the achievement of 6th-grade social studies students in order to determine its effectiveness. The population of this study came from a suburban middle school in the state of Georgia. The quantitative data included a pretest and posttest. The study was designed to find (a) whether there is a significant difference between the mean posttest scores on the benchmark test of 6th-grade students who are taught with either Thinking Maps or traditional social studies methods, (b) whether there is a significant difference between the mean posttest scores on the benchmark test of 6th-grade male versus female social studies students, and (c) whether there is a significant interaction between 6th-grade students' type of social studies class and gender as to differentially affect their mean posttest scores on the benchmark test. To answer these questions, students' pretest and posttest were compared to determine if there was a statistically significant difference after Thinking Maps were implemented with the treatment group for 9 weeks. The results indicate that there was no significant difference in the test scores between the students who were taught with Thinking Maps and the students who were taught without Thinking Maps. However, the students taught with Thinking Maps had the higher adjusted posttest scores.

Reed, Tamita

273

How Fifth-Grade Students Use Story Mapping to Aid Their Reading Comprehension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This thesis examined the reading comprehension process of three fifth-grade students who demonstrated the ability to read and write fluently but had difficulties remembering and understanding important information about what they read. The aim of this research was to develop and implement an effective teaching strategy for low-achieving students

Weih, Timothy G.

2000-01-01

274

Fifth-Grade Students' Use and Preferences for Mathematically and Practically Based Explanations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on fifth-grade students' use and preference for mathematically (MB) and practically based (PB) explanations within two mathematical contexts: parity and equivalent fractions. Preference was evaluated based on three parameters: the explanation (1) was convincing, (2) would be used by the student in class, and (3) was one that the…

Levenson, Esther

2010-01-01

275

The Persistence of Misconceptions about the Human Blood Circulatory System among Students in Different Grade Levels  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, it is aimed to investigate the persistence of misconceptions in the topic of the human blood circulatory system among students in different grade levels. For this reason, after discussions with biology educators, two tests consisting of open-ended questions were developed by the researcher and administered to students in four…

Ozgur, Sami

2013-01-01

276

Grade Level Expectations: Do They Prepare Students for Introductory College Chemistry?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Grade Level Expectations (GLEs) established by the Louisiana Department of Education are intended to ensure that students are prepared for introductory college level chemistry. A sample of students in an introductory Chemistry class at Louisiana State University were tested to confirm that knowledge of the GLEs (chemical concept inventory pre-test and post-test score and normalized gain) correlated with performance

M. M. Davies

2010-01-01

277

Math Thinkercises. A Good Apple Math Activity Book for Students. Grades 4-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet designed for students in grades 4-8 provides 52 activities, including puzzles and problems. Activities range from simple to complex, giving learners practice in finding patterns, numeration, permutation, and problem solving. Calculators should be available, and students should be encouraged to discuss solutions with classmates,…

Daniel, Becky

278

Effects of Classwide Peer Tutoring on the Performance of Sixth Grade Students during a Volleyball Unit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation examined the effects of Classwide Peer Tutoring (CWPT), a variation of peer tutoring on the volleyball skills of four 6th grade middle school students purposefully selected from an intact class of 21 students. Participants were average to low skilled males and females. A single subject A-B-A-B withdrawal design was used to…

Ayvazo, Shiri; Ward, Phillip

2009-01-01

279

The Long-Term Effects of Strategy-Focussed Writing Instruction for Grade Six Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We compared 56 eighth-grade students who, 28 months previously, had received instruction in strategies for planning and revising their writing, with 21 students of similar academic ability from the same school who had not experienced the intervention. Both groups wrote an expository essay whilst logging their writing activities and completed…

Fidalgo, Raquel; Torrance, Mark; Garcia, Jesus-Nicasio

2008-01-01

280

Should Athletic Training Educators Utilize Grades When Evaluating Student Clinical Performance?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To explore and address some of the challenges for assessing, interpreting, and grading athletic training students' clinical performance and to suggest athletic training educators consider using a more universal assessment method for professional consistency. Background: In years past students learned from teachers or mentors on an…

Scriber, Kent; Gray, Courtney; Millspaugh, Rose

2010-01-01

281

The Impact of Challenging Geometry and Measurement Units on the Achievement of Grade 2 Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary goal of Project M[superscript 2] was to develop and field-test challenging geometry and measurement units for all K-2 students. This article reports on the achievement results for students in Grade 2 at 12 urban and suburban sites in 4 states using the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (ITBS) mathematics concepts subtest and an open-response…

Gavin, M. Katherine; Casa, Tutita M.; Adelson, Jill L.; Firmender, Janine M.

2013-01-01

282

Evaluating Fifth- and Sixth-Grade Students' Expository Writing: Task Development, Scoring, and Psychometric Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from multiple theoretical frameworks representing cognitive and educational psychology, we present a writing task and scoring system for measurement of students' informative writing. Participants in this study were 72 fifth- and sixth-grade students who wrote compositions describing real-world problems and how mathematics, science, and…

Kulikowich, Jonna M.; Mason, Linda H.; Brown, Scott W.

2008-01-01

283

Working and Non-Working University Students: Anxiety, Depression, and Grade Point Average  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the differences between 110 working and non-working students in terms of mental health, academic achievement, and perceptions about student employment. Anxiety and depression were measured by the Beck Anxiety Inventory and the Beck Depression Inventory-II. Academic achievement was measured by grade point average. Perceptions of…

Mounsey, Rebecca; Vandehey, Michael A.; Diekhoff, George M.

2013-01-01

284

Effects of Concept Cartoons on Mathematics Self-Efficacy of 7th Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research is to determine the effect of concept cartoons on the students' perception of their levels of self-efficacy towards mathematics. The research has been designed as the pre-test post-test with quasi experimental control group. The research participants are composed of 94 7th grade students attending an elementary school…

Sengul, Sare

2011-01-01

285

Grade Point Average and Student Outcomes. Data Notes. Volume 5, Number 1, January/February 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from Achieving the Dream: Community College Count, this issue of Data Notes investigates the academic achievement patterns of students attending Achieving the Dream colleges. The data show that 21 percent of students at Achieving the Dream colleges had grade point averages (GPAs) of 3.50 or higher at the end of their first year. At…

Clery, Sue; Topper, Amy

2010-01-01

286

Guided Inquiry Learning Unit on Aquatic Ecosystems for Seventh Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using mini-aquaria experiments, a learning unit on the effects of light period on aquatic ecosystems was developed for 7th grade students. This guided inquiry unit was aimed at helping students understand basic ecological principles involved in relationships among physical, chemical, and biological components in aquatic ecosystems. It involved…

To-im, Jongdee; Ruenwongsa, Pintip

2009-01-01

287

Bystanders to Bullying: Fourth-to Seventh-Grade Students' Perspectives on Their Reactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim with the present study was to investigate bystander actions in bullying situations as well as reasons behind these actions as they are articulated by Swedish students from fourth to seventh grade. Forty-three semi-structured individual interviews were conducted with students. Qualitative analysis of data was performed by methods from…

Forsberg, Camilla; Thornberg, Robert; Samuelsson, Marcus

2014-01-01

288

A Study on Sixth-Grade Turkish Students' Spatial Visualization Ability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to evaluate sixth-grade Turkish students' spatial visualization ability and to determine the strategies that students employ and the mistakes that they make while solving the problems requiring spatial reasoning. Therefore, the study examined the following achievements: visualizing different view images of…

Kurtulus, Aytac; Yolcu, Belma

2013-01-01

289

Urban Seventh Grade Students: A Report of Health Risk Behaviors and Exposure to Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The health of adolescents and the adults they will become can be linked to the health-related behaviors they adopt as children. To replicate a pilot study with a more culturally diverse population a descriptive, correlational study was undertaken with 379 seventh grade students. Key findings from this study include (a) students exposed or involved…

Dowdell, Elizabeth Burgess

2012-01-01

290

An Exploratory Study of Face-to-Face and Cyberbullying in Sixth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a pilot study, sixth grade students (N = 124) completed a questionnaire assessing students' experience with bullying and cyberbullying, demographic information, quality of parent-child relationship, and ways they have dealt with bullying/cyberbullying in the past. Two multiple regression analyses were conducted. The multiple regression analysis…

Accordino, Denise B.; Accordino, Michael P.

2011-01-01

291

Sixth-Grade Students' Views of the Nature of Engineering and Images of Engineers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the views of the nature of engineering held by 6th-grade students to provide a baseline upon which activities or curriculum materials might be developed to introduce middle-school students to the work of engineers and the process of engineering design. A phenomenographic framework was used to guide the analysis of data…

Karatas, Faik O.; Micklos, Amy; Bodner, George M.

2011-01-01

292

Thai Grade 11 Students' Alternative Conceptions for Acid-Base Chemistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study involved the development of a two-tier diagnostic instrument to assess Thai high school students' understanding of acid-base chemistry. The acid-base diagnostic test (ABDT) comprising 18 items was administered to 55 Grade 11 students in a science and mathematics programme during the second semester of the 2008 academic year. Analysis of…

Artdej, Romklao; Ratanaroutai, Thasaneeya; Coll, Richard Kevin; Thongpanchang, Tienthong

2010-01-01

293

Measuring the Confidence of 8th Grade Taiwanese Students' Knowledge of Acids and Bases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated whether gender differences were present on the confidence judgments made by 8th grade Taiwanese students on the accuracy of their responses to acid-base test items. A total of 147 (76 male, 71 female) students provided item-specific confidence judgments during a test of their knowledge of acids and bases. Using the…

Jack, Brady Michael; Liu, Chia-Ju; Chiu, Houn-Lin; Tsai, Chun-Yen

2012-01-01

294

Eighth Grade Students' Representations of Linear Equations Based on a Cups and Tiles Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines eighth grade students' use of a representational metaphor (cups and tiles) for writing and solving equations in one unknown. Within this study, we focused on the obstacles and difficulties that students experienced when using this metaphor, with particular emphasis on the operations that can be meaningfully represented through…

Caglayan, Gunhan; Olive, John

2010-01-01

295

Schematic Representations in Arithmetical Problem Solving: Analysis of Their Impact on Grade 4 Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the value of "schematic representations" in problem solving requires no further demonstration, the way in which students should be taught how to construct these representations invariably gives rise to various debates. This study, conducted on 146 grade 4 students in Luxembourg, analyzes the effect of two types of "schematic…

Fagnant, Annick; Vlassis, Joëlle

2013-01-01

296

Content Area Literacy: Individualizing Student Instruction in Second-Grade Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes a second-grade science curriculum designed to individualize student instruction (ISI-Science) so that students, regardless of initial science and literacy skills, gain science knowledge and reading skills. ISI-Science relies on the 5-E Learning Cycle as a framework and incorporates flexible, homogeneous, literacy skills-based…

Connor, Carol McDonald; Kaya, Sibel; Luck, Melissa; Toste, Jessica R.; Canto, Angela; Rice, Diana; Tani, Novell; Underwood, Phyllis S.

2010-01-01

297

Factors Influencing Mathematical Problem-Solving Achievement of Seventh Grade Turkish Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is known that there are many factors affecting students' problem-solving abilities. In this study, the influence of seventh-grade students' affective factors, their academic success, their gender and their families' educational levels on their problem-solving achievement was examined. To achieve this aim, a Problem-Solving Attitude Scale, a…

Guven, Bulent; Cabakcor, Buket Ozum

2013-01-01

298

Chinese and Singaporean Sixth-Grade Students' Strategies for Solving Problems about Speed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined 361 Chinese and 345 Singaporean sixth-grade students' performance and problem-solving strategies for solving 14 problems about speed. By focusing on students from two distinct high-performing countries in East Asia, we provide a useful perspective on the differences that exist in the preparation and problem-solving…

Jiang, Chunlian; Hwang, Stephen; Cai, Jinfa

2014-01-01

299

Reducing Test Anxiety and Improving Academic Performance in Fourth Grade Students: Exploring an Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quantitative study investigated the effectiveness of a teacher-implemented intervention of eight sessions integrated into an existing curriculum to reduce test anxiety and improve academic performance in fourth grade students. The experimental group, n=23 was drawn from a sample of 64 students in a southwestern Rhode Island public school…

Donato, Jeanne M.

2009-01-01

300

The Importance of Homework in Determining Immigrant Students' Grades in Schools in the USA Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: While a significant body of research has addressed teachers' evaluations of mainstream English speaking students, there is a dearth of such research focusing on immigrant adolescents. As many immigrant students are in the process of acquiring English language proficiency, evaluating and assigning grades to immigrant youth can pose…

Bang, Hee Jin; Suarez-Orozco, Carola; Pakes, Juliana; O'Connor, Erin

2009-01-01

301

Using Multiple Representations to Promote Grade 11 Students' Scientific Understanding of the Particle Theory of Matter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored two groups of Grade 11 (age 16-17) students' conceptual understandings about aspects of particle theory before, immediately after, and 3 months after instruction with multiple representations (IMR) and instruction with verbal representations (IVR). Data sources included open-ended questionnaires, interviews, and student

Adadan, Emine

2013-01-01

302

Dynamite Writing Ideas: Empowering Students To Become Authors! For 2nd-6th Grade Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to help teachers empower students to become thinkers, writers, and especially authors, this book helps teachers develop a writer's mindset in grades 2-6 students. It supports and guides teachers from the week before school through the spring Young Author's Conference that recognizes writing achievement. Chapters in the book are: (1) Kids…

Forney, Melissa

303

Grade 5 Students' Online Argumentation about Their In-Class Inquiry Investigations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the extent to which fifth-grade students participate in online argumentation and the argument patterns they produced about the inquiry-based investigations completed using the Science Writing Heuristic approach in their science classes. One hundred twenty-nine students from five classes of two teachers in a Midwestern public…

Choi, Aeran; Hand, Brian; Norton-Meier, Lori

2014-01-01

304

Rethinking Exams and Letter Grades: How Much Can Teachers Delegate to Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we report a 3-yr study of a large-enrollment Cell Biology course focused on developing student skill in scientific reasoning and data interpretation. Specifically, the study tested the hypothesis that converting the role of exams from summative grading devices to formative tools would increase student success in acquiring those…

Kitchen, Elizabeth; King, Summer H.; Robison, Diane F.; Sudweeks, Richard R.; Bradshaw, William S.; Bell, John D.

2006-01-01

305

Negotiating Discourses: Sixth-Grade Students' Use of Multiple Science Discourses during a Science Fair Presentation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study offers important insights into the coexistence of multiple discourses and the link between these discourses and science understanding. It offers concrete examples of students' movement between multiple discourses in sixth-grade science fair presentations, and shows how those multiple discourses in science practices illuminate students'…

Gomez, Kimberley

2007-01-01

306

Internet Use and Online Literacy among Middle Grade Students at Risk of Dropping out of School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research provides an analysis of Internet use and online literacy skill among seventh-grade students who were identified as having a high risk for school dropout. Participants (n = 1,025) included students from 12 middle schools in 9 school districts. Six of the schools were located in rural and urban districts in the Northeast United States…

Hutchinson, Amy; Henry, Laurie A.

2010-01-01

307

Fourth-Grade Elementary Students' Conceptions of Standards-Based Lunar Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fourth-grade students' knowledge of observable moon phases and patterns of change, as well as conceptual understanding of the cause of moon phases, was investigated before and after special instruction. Pretest and post-test data for 48 students were used to address the research question related to observable moon phases and patterns of change.…

Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Atwood, Ronald K.; Christopher, John E.

2007-01-01

308

The Relationship between Comprehension and Conceptual Mathematics of Third Grade Students at a Selected Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between reading comprehension scores and conceptual mathematics scores of third grade students at a selected elementary school. The sample consisted of 27 students of which 15 were females and 12 were males. Data were collected using a teacher made conceptual math exam and the scores from…

Kariuki, Patrick N.; Morris, Dustin A.

2013-01-01

309

Differentials in Mathematics Achievement among Eighth-Grade Students in Malaysia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines differences in mathematics achievement among eighth-grade students using a secondary analysis of the data. The students, who are from Malaysia, had participated in the Trend International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 1999. A series of school, home, demographic and socio-economic variables were used to investigate the…

Ismail, Noor Azina; Awang, Halimah

2008-01-01

310

An Assessment of Grade Four Students Learning: The Case of Jimma Town  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed at investigating grade four students learning at Jimma town, Ethiopia. A cross sectional survey method was employed. Students, teachers and principals were participants of the study. Standardized tests, questionnaire, interview and observation were the instruments used to collect authentic information from the research…

Lemma, Abbi; Regasa, Tadese; Hailu, Ewnetu; Sime, Tariku; Ferede, Bekalu; Tolemariam, Taye; Dejene, Tariku

2014-01-01

311

The Impact of Structured Daily Independent Self-Selected Reading on Second Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the perceptions of second grade students about reading, themselves as readers, their motivation to read, and their subsequent reading achievement. Allowing students time to read independently during the school day and providing various reading materials in the classroom are options that some school…

Culmo, Jill R.

2009-01-01

312

Truth: Humanities Unit (Middle and Secondary Grade Levels). Programs for Gifted Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One in a series of instructional units designed for gifted students, this booklet describes a humanities unit for students in middle and secondary grades. The specific focus of the unit is on truth as it is perceived and expressed in philosophy, literature, art, music, drama, and the social sciences. The study of truth and its surrounding concepts…

Abbott, Barbara; Kolman, Peter

313

Consuming Educational Services: A Curriculum Module for Eleventh Grade Students in the State of New York.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document presents a curriculum module designed to help 11th grade students become intelligent consumers of educational services by focusing on relevant contemporary legal developments. The major goal is to promote students' awareness and understanding of their role as consumers of educational services, their rights and obligations, legal…

Fischer, Louis; Schimmel, David

314

Environmental Attitudes, Knowledge, and Behaviors of Missouri 6th- and 12th-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Missouri Department of Conservation (MDC) produces various environmental materials for preschool, elementary, and secondary students and sponsors outdoor education programs. An MDC-sponsored survey of students in grades 6 and 12 found moderate levels of environmental knowledge, with weaknesses in the areas of biodiversity, wetlands, and…

Greene, Janice Schnake; Roddiger, Brian; Drysdale, Li'anne; Gray, Ginger; Merrigan, Colleen; Witter, Dan

2000-01-01

315

Building Virtual Cities, Inspiring Intelligent Citizens: Digital Games for Developing Students' Problem Solving and Learning Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the effectiveness digital game-based learning (DGBL) on students' problem solving, learning motivation, and academic achievement. In order to provide substantive empirical evidence, a quasi-experimental design was implemented over the course of a full semester (23 weeks). Two ninth-grade Civics and Society classes, with a…

Yang, Ya-Ting Carolyn

2012-01-01

316

Students' Perceptions of Single-Gender Science and Mathematics Classroom Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While participating in single- and mixed-gender science and mathematics classes, ninth-grade urban high school students' (n = 118) academic self-concept, self-efficacy, and school climate perceptions were examined. Their perceptions were measured quantitatively from the Fennema-Sherman Mathematics (modified for Science) Attitude and the Patterns…

Brown, Sherri L.; Ronau, Robert R.

2012-01-01

317

Junior High School Students' Achievements in an Audio-Tutorial Biology Setting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To detemine the effectiveness of the Individualized Audio-Tutorial (IAT) method of instruction, an IAT unit in biology was implemented in ninth grade classrooms in an urban school in Israel, and student achievement was measured in relation to gender, academic background in mathematics and biology, and IQ levels. The 180 subjects were randomly…

Lazarowitz, Reuven; Huppert, Jehuda

318

Mixed Results in a Transitional Planning Program for Alternative School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Disciplinary alternative schools have a reputation as gateways to the juvenile and criminal justice systems. The authors conducted an evaluation of an intervention (Strategies for Success) designed to divert seventh-, eighth-, and ninth-grade alternative school students from this gateway. They used propensity score matching and a multivariate…

Wolf, Elaine M.; Wolf, Douglas A.

2008-01-01

319

Instructional Practices in Media Literacy Education and Their Impact on Students' Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates impact of instructional practices involving media literacy education across the curriculum by examining the work of four different teams of ninth-grade teachers. Shows that students' media literacy skills were highest where media education activities were integrated across all subject areas, where both analysis and production…

Frost, Richard; Hobbs, Renee

1998-01-01

320

Association of adolescent risk behaviors with mental health symptoms in high school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To examine the hypothesis that self-reported symptoms of depression and stress may be associated with other risk behaviors.Methods: A secondary data analysis of the 1992 Massachusetts Adolescent Health Survey involving a representative sample of 2224 ninth and twelfth grade students was performed. The dichotomous dependent variable was positive if the adolescent reported feeling depressed or stressed for 10 or

Traci L Brooks; Sion Kim Harris; Jeannie S Thrall; Elizabeth R Woods

2002-01-01

321

Five Cities High School Dropout Study: Characteristics of Hispanic High School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the individual, family, school, and community characteristics of Hispanic ninth-grade students enrolled in predominantly minority high schools in five major U.S. cities: Chicago, Miami, Milwaukee, Newark, and San Antonio. The data, which are reported for four groups--Mexican Americans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, and Central…

Fernandez, Ricardo; And Others

322

Early Grade Retention and Student Success: Evidence from Los Angeles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When a student fails to master academic material, educators face a range of choices--they can provide extra tutoring, place the student in summer school, or, as a last resort, hold the student back for a year. This last option--retention--often proves to be a difficult and contentious issue for both schools and parents. California currently lacks…

Cannon, Jill S.; Lipscomb, Stephen

2011-01-01

323

Predicting Student Attitudes and Grades from Perceptions of Instructors' Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychological availability to students defines immediacy, a concept traditionally measured using ratings of instructor behaviors. However, students' perceptions of their professor's attitude toward them may serve as a more parsimonious measure of psychological availability. In fact, ratings of a professor's attitude toward students are positively…

Wilson, Janie H.

2006-01-01

324

A la Carte Grading: Providing Students Opportunities to Determine their Own Paths to Success  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes the use of the mastery learning approach for two large enrollment introductory level courses. Students were required to complete a minimum number of assignments, and were then given the option to complete additional work that could be substituted for other completed assignments. In general, student perception of these grading systems was favorable; however, students did not seem to take full advantage of the available options because many did not choose to complete the additional assessments that could demonstrate further learning and be used to improve their course grade.

Thompson, James

325

A Phenomenological Investigation of Male At-Risk Sixth, Seventh and Eighth Grade Students' Perceptions toward Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this phenomenological study was to investigate the perceptions that male at-risk sixth, seventh and eighth grade students' possess toward reading at a small rural public school district in Michigan. Male at-risk students was generally defined as students below grade level in reading based on their STAR reading assessment. Male…

Douma, Jason Scott

2012-01-01

326

The Classification of the Probability Unit Ability Levels of the Eleventh Grade Turkish Students by Cluster Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the probability unit ability levels of the eleventh grade Turkish students were classified through cluster analysis. The study was carried out in a high school located in Trabzon, Turkey during the fall semester of the 2011-2012 academic years. A total of 84 eleventh grade students participated. Students were taught about…

Ozyurt, Ozcan

2014-01-01

327

Examining the Silence of Academic Disappointment: A Typology of Students' Reasons for Not Discussing Disappointing Grades with Instructors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although student-teacher interactions about disappointing grades can be beneficial, students do not always engage in them. The objective of this study was to explore the domain of reasons undergraduate students report for not discussing disappointing grades with their instructors. The data analysis yielded six main categories of reasons:…

Wright, Courtney N.

2013-01-01

328

Technical Adequacy of Early Numeracy Curriculum-Based Progress Monitoring Measures for Kindergarten and First-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine six early numeracy measures used to monitor the mathematics progress of kindergarten and first-grade students. Seventy-one kindergarten students and 75 first-grade students were administered the measures each week. Delayed-alternate form reliability was adequate for instructional decision making on some…

Hampton, David D.; Lembke, Erica S.; Lee, Young-Sun; Pappas, Sandra; Chiong, Cynthia; Ginsburg, Herbert P.

2012-01-01

329

The Effect of Using a Mobile Literacy Game to Improve Literacy Levels of Grade One Students in Zambian Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This intervention study was conducted to document conditions under which a computer based literacy game (GraphoGame™) could enhance literacy skills of first grade students in an African city. The participants were first grade students from Government schools (N = 573). These students were randomly sampled into control (N = 314) and various…

Jere-Folotiya, Jacqueline; Chansa-Kabali, Tamara; Munachaka, Jonathan C.; Sampa, Francis; Yalukanda, Christopher; Westerholm, Jari; Richardson, Ulla; Serpell, Robert; Lyytinen, Heikki

2014-01-01

330

Changes in Student Effort and Grade Expectation in the Course of a Term  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students were surveyed and asked to self-evaluate their performance and time-on-task in six engineering courses (eight sections). Surveys were conducted four times over the course of a 10-week quarter. Students with the highest grade point averages (GPAs) (2.88 mean; 4.00 mode) indicated "no change" while students with lower GPAs (2.67 mean; 1.83…

Khachikian, C. S.; Guillaume, D. W.; Pham, T. K.

2011-01-01

331

Thai Grade 11 students' alternative conceptions for acid-base chemistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study involved the development of a two?tier diagnostic instrument to assess Thai high school students’ understanding of acid–base chemistry. The acid–base diagnostic test (ABDT) comprising 18 items was administered to 55 Grade 11 students in a science and mathematics programme during the second semester of the 2008 academic year. Analysis of students’ responses from this study followed the methodology

Romklao Artdej; Thasaneeya Ratanaroutai; Richard Kevin Coll; Tienthong Thongpanchang

2010-01-01

332

Perfectionism, Implicit Theories of Intelligence, and Taiwanese Eighth-Grade Students’ Academic Engagement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors attempted to examine how Taiwanese junior high school students’ perfectionistic tendencies and implicit theories of intelligence were related to their academic emotions and approach versus avoidance self-regulation, and to determine differences in contingent self-worth, emotions, and self-regulation among students with different subtypes of perfectionism. A total of 481 8th-grade Taiwanese students completed a self-reported survey assessing their perfectionistic

Shu-Shen Shih

2011-01-01

333

Grading student problem solutions: The challenge of sending a consistent message  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Grading sends a direct message to students about what is expected in class. However, often there is a gap between the assigned grade and the goals of the instructor. In an interview study of faculty teaching calculus-based introductory physics, we verified that this gap exists and identified three themes that appear to shape grading decisions: (1) a desire to see student reasoning, (2) a reluctance to deduct points from a student solution that might be correct, and (3) a tendency to project correct thought processes onto a student solution. When all three themes were expressed by an instructor, the resulting conflict was resolved by placing the burden of proof on either the instructor or the student. The weighting of the themes with the burden of proof criterion explains our finding that although almost all instructors reported telling students to show their reasoning in problem solutions, about half graded problem solutions in a way that would likely discourage students from showing this reasoning.

Henderson, Charles R.; Yerushalmi, Edit; Kuo, H. V.; Heller, Patricia; Heller, Kenneth

2005-10-27

334

Academic Freedom and Student Grading in Greek Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of who has the final say on academic standards (grading), academics or managers, has hitherto not arisen in Greece. Professors entitled to research, to teach and to inquire is a freedom expressed by the Greek Constitution. This article presents a contemporary view and raises concerns about the future and the longevity of academic freedom…

Papadimitriou, Antigoni

2011-01-01

335

Business as Usual? Not for These Middle-Grades Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A perpetual dilemma of schooling is how to help students develop skills needed for everyday life, including the work world. Quantitative literacy, also called numeracy, involves an ability to apply essential mathematics skills to authentic or near-authentic tasks. Carefully planned classroom activities can help students develop these important…

Crawford, Heather; Wiest, Lynda

2011-01-01

336

Growth Mindset of Gifted Seventh Grade Students in Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through secondary analysis of data collected in middle school science classrooms, this study (a) compared gifted and regular students' beliefs about the malleability of intelligence in science; (b) investigated whether teaching gifted and talented middle-school students about malleability of the brain and study skills helped them to develop a…

Esparza, Julie; Shumow, Lee; Schmidt, Jennifer A.

2014-01-01

337

The Effect of Changing Grading Criteria on Student Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students enrolled in a senior-level psychology course used a computer-aided personalized system of instruction (CAPSI) to write tests, and give and receive feedback on their writing at a mastery level. Weekly measures of the number of unit tests requested, the number of unit tests cancelled, and informal student feedback all indicate that a change…

Crone-Todd, Darlene E.; Eyre, Heidi L.; Hutchens, Scott A.; Jones, J. Reid; Pear, Joseph J.

2007-01-01

338

TA Seminar 2006 Name . Grading Two Example Student Laboratory Reports  

E-print Network

, illustration, or evidence? Design Does the student use effective Design, both for page design Writing Support Network. The Writing Support Network is a web page that lists support services for Scientific and Technical Disciplines. This web site provides information for faculty and students

Minnesota, University of

339

Individual Teacher Incentives, Student Achievement and Grade Inflation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is great interest in understanding the potential of teacher incentives to improve student achievement. In fact, teacher incentives, either individual or collective, may improve student achievement if they succeed in aligning the public or social goals with the goals of the teacher. However, an approach in which reward is based on outputs can…

Martins, Pedro S.

2010-01-01

340

Grade Expectations: How Marks and Education Policies Shape Students' Ambitions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While enrolment in tertiary education has increased dramatically over the past decades, many university-aged students do not enrol, nor do they expect to earn a university degree. While it is important to promote high expectations for further education, it is equally important to ensure that students' expectations are well-aligned with their…

OECD Publishing (NJ3), 2012

2012-01-01

341

Concept Mapping and the Science Achievement of Third Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional strategies in science that fail to identify students' initial understanding of scientific concepts may leave students' flawed ideas unchanged, thus affecting their ability to synthesize, differentiate, and connect to new information in science. The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the relationship between concept…

Greene, Paulette

2011-01-01

342

A Study of Relaxation Techniques and Coping Skills with Moderately to Highly Stressed Middle and High School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a program for heightening awareness of stress and reducing stress levels while improving learning. The targeted population comprised seventh and ninth grade students in middle schools and high schools located in affluent suburban communities of a large Midwest city. The problem of moderate to high levels of stress was…

Credit, Alison; Garcia, Mary

343

The Relationship of School Structure and Support to Suspension Rates for Black and White High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between structure and support in the high school climate and suspension rates in a statewide sample of 199 schools. School climate surveys completed by 5,035 ninth grade students measured characteristics of authoritative schools, defined as highly supportive, yet highly structured with academic and behavioral…

Gregory, Anne; Cornell, Dewey; Fan, Xitao

2011-01-01

344

How Many "Decimals" Are There between Two "Fractions"? Aspects of Secondary School Students' Understanding of Rational Numbers and Their Notation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We present an empirical study that investigated seventh-, ninth-, and eleventh-grade students' understanding of the infinity of numbers in an interval. The participants (n = 549) were asked how many (i.e., a finite or infinite number of numbers) and what type of numbers (i.e., decimals, fractions, or any type) lie between two rational numbers. The…

Vamvakoussi, Xenia; Vosniadou, Stella

2010-01-01

345

The Effects of Choice on Assignment Completion and Percent Correct by a High School Student with a Learning Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of choosing between two academic assignments on task completion and percent correct by a ninth grade student with a learning disability was investigated. This case study extended the efficacy of antecedent based intervention as an instructional modification. Further, the study extends previous research by investigating the effect of…

Stenhoff, Donald M.; Davey, Bryan J.; Lignugaris/Kraft, Benjamin

2008-01-01

346

An Empirical Approach toward the Prediction of Students' Science Achievement in the United States and Hubei, China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores a possible model for the prediction of students' science achievement in China and the United States based on the ninth-grade database from Phase II of the Second IEA (International Association for the Evaluation of Science Achievement) Science Study (SISS). Compares the structure of latent factors and model complexity between the two…

Wang, Jianjun; Staver, John R.

1996-01-01

347

An Empirical Approach toward the Prediction of Students' Science Achievement in the United States and the Peoples' Republic of China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An empirical approach is adopted in this paper to explore a possible model for prediction of students' science achievement in China and the United States. Construction of the model is based on the ninth-grade data base from Phase 2 of the Second International Education Association Science Study (SISS) in the United States and the SISS Extension…

Wang, Jianjun; Staver, John R.

348

A Comparison of Gender and Socioeconomic Bracket in Fourth Grade Students when Measuring Volume  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The goal of this study was to assess students' abilities when measuring volume as well as providing a hands-on method for designing a water-filtration process. I studied the trends among gender, time, and ability to measure water in two different groups of fourth grade students. Fourth grade students from both higher income and lower income school districts visited a STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) Studio in order to participate in hands-on, problem-based learning. The students in this study attempted to solve the "Dirty Water Problem" by measuring 281ml of dirty water solution, and using household tools to filter and clean the dirty water. This study showed that 68% of students from a high-income socioeconomic bracket were able to measure a determined volume of water independently. Meanwhile, only 18% of students from a low-income socioeconomic bracket were able to complete the same task independently. In the low-income bracket, 78% of students required assistance measuring a volume of water, indicating that the majority of these students performed below grade level. Where time spent at the station was concerned, the difference between high-income and low-income socioeconomic brackets was insignificant. Key Words: STEM, measurement, volume, design, Dirty Water Problem, socioeconomic bracket.

Jennings, Kelly A.

349

Sixth-Grade Students' Views of the Nature of Engineering and Images of Engineers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated the views of the nature of engineering held by 6th-grade students to provide a baseline upon which activities or curriculum materials might be developed to introduce middle-school students to the work of engineers and the process of engineering design. A phenomenographic framework was used to guide the analysis of data collected from: (1) a series of 20 semi-structured interviews with 6th-grade students, (2) drawings created by these students of "an engineer or engineers at work" that were discussed during the interviews, and (3) field notes collected by the researchers during the interviews. The 6th-grade students tended to believe that engineers were individuals who make or build products, although some students understood the role of engineers in the design or planning of products, and, to a lesser extent in testing products to ensure that they "work" and/or are safe to use. The combination of drawings of "engineers or engineering at work" and individual interviews provided more insight into the students' views of the nature of engineering than either source of data would have offered on its own. Analysis of the data suggested that the students' concepts of engineers and engineering were fragile, or unstable, and likely to change within the time frame of the interview.

Karatas, Faik O.; Micklos, Amy; Bodner, George M.

2011-04-01

350

Grade Level Expectations: Do They Prepare Students for Introductory College Chemistry?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Grade Level Expectations (GLEs) established by the Louisiana Department of Education are intended to ensure that students are prepared for introductory college level chemistry. A sample of students in an introductory Chemistry class at Louisiana State University were tested to confirm that knowledge of the GLEs (chemical concept inventory pre-test and post-test score and normalized gain) correlated with performance in CHEM 1201 (average exam score and final exam score). No significant correlations were found. In-state Louisiana public school students and out-of-state/private school students were then considered separately with the assumption that Louisiana public school students were educated using the GLEs as the framework for their Chemistry education while out-of-state/private school students were not. It was determined that both groups of students performed statistically similarly in every category with the exception of their final exam score, with the out-of-state/private school students performing better.

Davies, M. M.

2010-10-01

351

Gaining Ground in the Middle Grades: Why Some Schools Do Better. A Large-Scale Study of Middle Grades Practices and Student Outcomes. Technical Appendix C  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This appendix accompanies "Gaining Ground in the Middle Grades: Why Some Schools Do Better. A Large-Scale Study of Middle Grades Practices and Student Outcomes. Initial Research Report." This appendix focuses on the findings and domain comparisons of the study. This appendix contains the following: (1) Decision Rules; (2) Full Set of Subdomain…

EdSource, 2010

2010-01-01

352

Gaining Ground in the Middle Grades: Why Some Schools Do Better. A Large-Scale Study of Middle Grades Practices and Student Outcomes. Technical Appendix D  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This appendix accompanies "Gaining Ground in the Middle Grades: Why Some Schools Do Better. A Large-Scale Study of Middle Grades Practices and Student Outcomes. Initial Research Report." This appendix contains the full bibliography of all research and policy documents consulted during the development of the ten research domains and three survey…

EdSource, 2010

2010-01-01

353

EFFECTS OF A NUTRITION EDUCATION PROGRAM ON THE DIETARY BEHAVIOR AND NUTRITION KNOWLEDGE OF SECOND-GRADE AND THIRD-GRADE STUDENTS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This research investigated the effects of a nutrition education program on dietary behavior and nutrition knowledge among elementary school-aged children participating in a Social Cognitive Theory-based nutrition education program. Participants included 1100 second-grade and third-grade students sel...

354

Effects of Teacher-Led Reading Teaching Activities and Student Independent Reading on Fourth Grade ELL Student Reading Comprehension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation study examines the effects of four teacher-led reading activities recommended by the reading teaching policy and student independent reading activity on the development of English language learners (ELL) reading proficiency at fourth grade in U.S. elementary schools. In this study, I first introduce the significance of studying…

Liu, Siping

2012-01-01

355

Myths and Facts about Student Surveys of Teaching the Links between Students' Evaluations of Faculty and Course Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study sought to examine the justification of faculty claims regarding bias in students' assessments of faculty performance that stem from external factors which do not include the quality of their teaching. Specifically, we sought to examine the hypothesis that there is a correlation between lecturer ranking and grades given by…

Davidovitch, Nitza; Soen, Dan

2009-01-01

356

English I: Grade 9. Secondary Education Instructional Resource Guides.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Produced in response to a school board's directive to develop a plan for implementing a standardized curriculum in the basic subjects on a district-wide basis, this guide contains instructional objectives for the area of ninth grade English. Included in the guide are (1) an overview of objectives for eighth, ninth, and tenth grade English; (2) an…

Meehan, Anna, Comp.

357

Retention of Hispanic/Latino students in first grade: Child, parent, teacher, school, and peer predictors  

PubMed Central

A sample of 283 Hispanic children with literacy performance at entrance to first grade below the median for their school district was studied as part of a larger research project on the predictors of grade retention in grade 1. Following retention decisions, 51 Hispanic students were retained in first grade. Low literacy skills, being young at entrance to first grade, low ego resilience, low support in the teacher–student relationship, and parents’ low sense of responsibility for their children’s educational outcomes predicted retention decisions. Hierarchical logistics regression investigated the contribution of six categories of variables (academic competencies; socio-demographic characteristics; social, emotional, and behavioral adjustment; resiliency, school context; and home environment) to retention. Controlling for literacy, only being young for grade and parents’ low sense of responsibility for their children’s adjustment to school made a direct contribution to retention. Early literacy skills were higher for children enrolled in bilingual classrooms than for children in non-bilingual classrooms. Implications for educational policy are discussed. PMID:20419036

Willson, Victor L.; Hughes, Jan N.

2010-01-01

358

MEASURING THE CONFIDENCE OF 8TH GRADE TAIWANESE STUDENTS’ KNOWLEDGE OF ACIDS AND BASES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study investigated whether gender differences were present on the confidence judgments made by 8th grade Taiwanese\\u000a students on the accuracy of their responses to acid–base test items. A total of 147 (76 male, 71 female) students provided item-specific confidence judgments during a test of their knowledge of acids and bases. Using\\u000a the correctness of the answer responses, a

Brady Michael Jack; Chia-Ju Liu; Houn-Lin Chiu; Chun-Yen Tsai

359

Gambling and problem gambling amongst students in grades 5 to 11  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Describes an analysis of data on youth gambling, collected as part of a school based drug, alcohol and gambling problem prevention program. The data suggest that gambling is fairly common,amongst,students and increases directly with grade level. Over 22% of the students reported purchasing lottery and other similar ticket based gambling,types that are restricted to people 18 and over. In

Geoff Noonan; Nigel E. Turner; John Macdonald

360

Indicators of Multiplicative Reasoning among Fourth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many students encounter difficulty in their transition to advanced mathematical thinking. Such difficulty may be explained by a lack of understanding of many concepts taught in early school years, especially multiplicative reasoning. Advanced mathematical thinking depends on the development of multiplicative reasoning. The purpose of this study…

Carrier, James A.

2010-01-01

361

Reading Comprehension, Learning Styles, and Seventh Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reading is a basic life skill. Unfortunately, in 2007, only 29% of all eighth graders were able to comprehend at or above a proficient reading comprehension level. Sensory learning styles (kinesthetic, tactile, auditory, and visual) affect the way that students prefer to learn and the areas in which they will have difficulty learning. This study…

Williams, Judy

2010-01-01

362

Nontraditional Students, Accelerated Programs, Grade Expectations, and Instructor Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is intended as both a cautionary tale and an encouraging guide for instructors who are beginning to teach in accelerated programs designed to attract nontraditional students. This article is based, in part, on classroom action research conducted through surveys, observations, exams, and assessments, in an introductory business law…

Gershuny, Pamela; Rainey, Carolyn

2006-01-01

363

The Erroneous Derivative Examples of Eleventh Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The derivative is not only an important subject for mathematics but also is an important subject for engineering, physics, economy, chemistry, and statistics. Especially, mathematics depends on strongly preceding learning and the subject of derivative will be used in university education by all students. Therefore, it is one of the most important…

Gur, Hulya; Barak, Basak

2007-01-01

364

A Developmental and Corrective Reading Program for Sixth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The project described in this document involves the implementation of an individualized reading program with sixth graders during the spring semesters of the 1970-71 school year and the 1971-72 school year. Behavioral objectives for the students were written in the areas of word recognition skills, vocabulary skills, comprehension skills, speed…

Central Arkansas Education Center, Little Rock.

365

Sequencing and Graphic Novels with Primary-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors discuss the burgeoning number of graphic novels being published for young readers (approximately PK-3) and suggest a new term for identifying this format and audience: primary graphic novels (PGNs), for primary level students. They go on to describe a series of lessons they conducted with a class of 1st and 2nd graders to capitalize on…

Chase, Maggie; Son, Eun Hye; Steiner, Stan

2014-01-01

366

COUNSELING AND GUIDANCE FOR UNDERACHIEVING FOURTH GRADE STUDENTS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

IF THOSE STUDENTS CLASSIFIED AS UNDERACHIEVERS ARE TO RECEIVE MAXIMUM BENEFIT FROM THEIR EDUCATIONAL EXPERIENCE, EFFORTS MUST BE MADE TO IDENTIFY THEIR PROBLEMS AND AID THEM AT THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL LEVEL. A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE SHOWS THAT MOST STUDIES CONCERNED WITH UNDERACHIEVERS HAVE BEEN CONCENTRATED AT THE SECONDARY OR COLLEGE LEVEL. A…

MUNGER, PAUL F.; AND OTHERS

367

Students' Attitudes Toward Chemistry Lessons: The Interaction Effect between Grade Level and Gender  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the interaction effect between grade level and gender with respect to students' attitudes toward chemistry lessons taught in secondary schools. The sample consisted of 954 chemistry students in grades Secondary 4-7 (approximately 16-19 years of age) in Hong Kong. Students' attitudes were surveyed using an attitude toward chemistry lessons scale (ATCLS), and subscale scores were produced on four dimensions: liking for chemistry theory lessons; liking for chemistry laboratory work; evaluative beliefs about school chemistry; and behavioral tendencies to learn chemistry. When the ATCLS data were subjected to two-way MANOVA, the interaction effect between grade level and gender on students' attitudes toward chemistry lessons was statistically significant. The interaction effect was attributable to scores on the theory lessons subscale and laboratory work subscale. Male students in Secondary 4 and 5 liked chemistry theory lessons more than their female counterparts. However, male students' liking for chemistry laboratory work declined when they progressed from Secondary 4 to Secondary 7; no such a significant decline in attitude toward chemistry laboratory work was found in females. Overall, both males and females were just marginally positive about chemistry lessons during the years of secondary schooling. Implications of these findings for curriculum design are discussed.

Cheung, Derek

2009-01-01

368

Effectiveness of a co-taught handwriting program for first grade students.  

PubMed

Our study examined the effects of Write Start, a classroom-embedded handwriting/writing program on handwriting and writing fluency for first grade students, co-taught by occupational therapists and teachers. Two first grade classrooms received the Write Start and two received standard handwriting instruction. This co-taught program included specific feedback during handwriting practice, small group activities, student self-evaluation, and peer supports. The students were evaluated on handwriting legibility, fluency, and written expression at baseline, immediately after the program, and 6 months later. When performance was compared between the two groups, the students in the Write Start program improved significantly more in legibility (d = .57) and fluency (d = .75) than students who received standard instruction. Gains in handwriting speed (d = .18), average legibility (d = .26), and written expression (d = .25) did not differ significantly between the two groups. A co-taught, inclusive handwriting/writing program can promote first grade students' achievement of lower case legibility and writing fluency. PMID:23607325

Case-Smith, Jane; Holland, Terri; White, Susan

2014-02-01

369

Gender Differences in Sense of Justice about Grades: A Comparative Study of High School Students in Israel and Germany  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessing students' aptitude and educational performance and grading them on a hierarchical scale is a universal feature of the schooling process. In light of grades' instrumental, motivational, and symbolic saliency in students' school experience, it is not surprising they are highly "valued goods," and the process of their fair or unfair…

Resh, Nura; Dalbert, Claudia

2007-01-01

370

Mediating At-Risk Factors among Seventh and Eighth Grade Students with Specific Learning Disabilities Using a Holistically Based Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this practicum was to effect a substantial improvement in the academic and social profiles of 12 seventh-grade and 6 eighth-grade students with specific learning disabilities who had been targeted as potentially high risk candidates for dropping out of high school. Within a holistically based intervention model, five student

Buckner, Alice E.

371

The Effects of GO Solve Word Problems Math Intervention on Applied Problem Solving Skills of Low Performing Fifth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigation examined the effects of "GO Solve Word Problems" math intervention on problem-solving skills of struggling 5th grade students. In a randomized controlled study, 16 5th grade students were given a 12-week intervention of "GO Solve", a computer-based program designed to teach schema-based instruction strategies (SBI.s) to…

Fede, Jessica L.

2010-01-01

372

The Effect of Conceptual Change Approach to Eliminate 9th Grade High School Students' Misconceptions about Air Pressure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of teaching based on conceptual change overcome misconceptions of 9th grade high school students about the subject of air pressure. The sampling of the study was formed with two classes of 9th grade students from a general high school in the city-center of Trabzon. A quasi-experimental…

Akbas, Yavuz; Gencturk, Ebru

2011-01-01

373

Creating an Assessment-Centered Classroom: Five Essential Assessment Strategies to Support Middle Grades Student Learning and Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus on grades and what they represent happens in every middle grades classroom--some students completely understand the concepts when reviewed, but perform poorly on the quiz; some gifted students score high on tests but appear bored in class. With the current emphasis on school accountability by standardized test scores, middle level…

Turner, Steven L.

2014-01-01

374

Mixed-Method Research on Learning Vocabulary through Technology Reveals Vocabulary Growth in Second-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A mixed-method embedded research design was employed to investigate the effectiveness of the integration of technology for second-grade students' vocabulary development and learning. Two second-grade classes with a total of 40 students (21 boys and 19 girls) were randomly selected to participate in this study for the course of a semester. One…

Huang, SuHua

2015-01-01

375

Students' Achievement Goal Orientations and Their Behavioral and Emotional Engagement: Co-Examining the Role of Perceived School Goal Structures and Parent Goals during Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of perceived school goal structures and parent goals in predicting adolescents' goal orientations and their behavioral and emotional engagement in the classroom was examined in the present study. Surveys were given to a sample of 271 seventh- and ninth-grade students. Path analyses showed that (a) perceived school mastery goal structures…

Gonida, Eleftheria N.; Voulala, Katerina; Kiosseoglou, Grigoris

2009-01-01

376

A Structural Equation Model Explaining 8th Grade Students' Mathematics Achievements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to investigate, via a model, the explanatory and predictive relationships among the following variables: Mathematical Problem Solving and Reasoning Skills, Sources of Mathematics Self-Efficacy, Spatial Ability, and Mathematics Achievements of Secondary School 8th Grade Students. The sample group of the study, itself…

Yurt, Eyüp; Sünbül, Ali Murat

2014-01-01

377

Gender Differences in Written Expression Curriculum-Based Measurement in Third- through Eighth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many studies have found gender differences in certain areas of academic achievement, such as reading and math. Fewer studies have examined gender disparities in writing skills. The current study explored gender differences in written expression performance. Participants were 1,240 male and female students in third through eighth grade,…

Fearrington, Jamie Y.; Parker, Patricia D.; Kidder-Ashley, Pamela; Gagnon, Sandra G.; McCane-Bowling, Sara; Sorrell, Christy A.

2014-01-01

378

Grade Retention: Is It a Help or Hindrance to Student Academic Success?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research indicates that while grade retention does not typically increase student performance, it is widely practiced in schools throughout the country. Arguments for retaining a child include immaturity, the belief that an extra year of schooling will produce successful academic outcomes, and failure to meet criteria for promotion. Those who…

Bowman, Lisa J.

2005-01-01

379

An Investigation of Learning Styles Influencing Mathematics Achievement of Seventh-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to investigate the effect of learning styles, as well as compare the effect of two different variable structure models of learning styles on factors influencing mathematics achievement. The research sample was made up of 508 seventh-grade students. The findings were that the model including learning styles as factors influencing…

Sriphai, Sunan; Damrongpanit, Suntonrapot; Sakulku, Jaruwan

2011-01-01

380

Effects of a Tier 2 Supplemental Reading Intervention for At-Risk Fourth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated a Tier 2 intervention in the context of a response-to-intervention (RTI) model for 123 fourth-grade students identified as having a high probability of reading failure. A randomized control trial was used to evaluate the effects of a 24-session multicomponent supplemental intervention targeting fluency and expository…

Ritchey, Kristen D.; Silverman, Rebecca D.; Montanaro, Elizabeth A.; Speece, Deborah L.; Schatschneider, Christopher

2012-01-01

381

Evaluation of a School-Based Sex Education Programme Delivered to Grade Nine Students in Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of a multidimensional Canadian sex education programme was evaluated using 240 Grade Nine students. The intervention was offered by representatives from various community groups and involved instructional classes on anatomy/physiology of the reproductive system and sexually transmitted infections, a video and group discussion on…

Smylie, Lisa; Maticka-Tyndale, Eleanor; Boyd, Dana

2008-01-01

382

A Comparison of Students' Choices of 9th Grade Physical Education Activities by Ethnicity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to determine physical education activity preferences of 9th grade students in a southern California school district and to compare preferences by ethnicity. Results indicated that basketball, football, bowling, softball/baseball, swimming, and volleyball were the most preferred activities. These preferences may be…

Hill, Grant M.; Cleven, Brian

2006-01-01

383

Preventing Reading Failure for English Language Learners: Interventions for Struggling First-Grade L2 Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes student outcomes following the first year of implementation of an early reading intervention project designed to improve the first language literacy in first grade English language learners (ELLs). Results indicate steady improvement in reading levels and support providing ELLs with interventions that use an intensive, systematic,…

Alanis, Iliana; Munter, Judith; Tinajero, Josefina Villamil

2003-01-01

384

School Attendance Revisited: A Study of Urban African American Students' Grade Point Averages and Coping Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urban African American first-year high school students' absenteeism was found to be negatively related to grade point average (GPA) and avoidance as a means of coping (use of substances as a way to escape--food, alcohol, smoking, caffeine, etc.) and positively related to use of social support as a means of coping (efforts to stay emotionally…

Steward, Robbie J.; Steward, Astin Devine; Blair, Jonathan; Jo, Hanik; Hill, Martin F.

2008-01-01

385

An Investigation of Fifth and Eighth Grade Korean Students' Misconceptions of Photosynthesis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many researchers believe that prior knowledge is the single most important variable influencing learning. Learning in the classroom is determined or affected positively or negatively, to some degree, by the knowledge people bring to the classroom. This study was designed to: (1) assess fifth- and eighth-grade Korean students' misconceptions of…

Cho, Jung-il

386

A Meta-Analysis of Writing Instruction for Students in the Elementary Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to identify effective instructional practices for teaching writing to elementary grade students, we conducted a meta-analysis of the writing intervention literature, focusing our efforts on true and quasi-experiments. We located 115 documents that included the statistics for computing an effect size (ES). We calculated an average…

Graham, Steve; McKeown, Debra; Kiuhara, Sharlene; Harris, Karen R.

2012-01-01

387

Problem Solving vs. Troubleshooting Tasks: The Case of Sixth-Grade Students Studying Simple Electric Circuits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We compared the materialization of knowledge integration processes in class discussions that followed troubleshooting (TS) and problem-solving (PS) tasks and examined the impact of these tasks on students' conceptual understanding. The study was conducted in two sixth-grade classes taught by the same teacher, in six lessons that constituted a…

Safadi, Rafi'; Yerushalmi, Edit

2014-01-01

388

Who's Reading and Why: Reading Habits of 1st Grade through Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The habit of reading develops over a period of time. This study explored reading habits across a wide range of students. An open-ended survey of reading habits involved 242 participants from grades 1, 4, 6, 8, 11, undergraduate non-education majors, undergraduate elementary majors, and graduate reading majors. As data were analyzed, themes emerged…

Camp, Deanne

2007-01-01

389

Effects of Three Approaches to Teaching Poetry to Sixth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A total of 272 children participated in a study of the effectiveness of three support systems for cuing sixth grade students in interpreting the metaphoric language of poetry. The first system involved regular classroom teachers who applied their own verbal cuing, the second included external instructional support through media and the teachers'…

Folta, Bernarr Paul

390

Fourth-Grade Students' Motivational Changes in an Elementary Physical Education Running Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Achievement goal theory and the expectancy-value model of achievement choice were used to examine fourth-grade students' motivational changes in an elementary physical education running program. In fall and spring of the school year, participants (N = 113; 66 boys, 47 girls) completed questionnaires assessing achievement goals, expectancy beliefs,…

Xiang, Ping; McBride, Ron E.; Bruene, April

2006-01-01

391

The Effect of Geometry Teaching with Cabri to Learning Levels of Fourth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the study Cabri was used for teaching geometry at 4th grade. To investigate students' geometry level, a semi-experimental method was used. In the test group, geometry subjects are taught using Cabri. A multiple choice test was used to collect data as pre and post test. Answers were assigned as 1 to correct, 0 to wrong answers. Data were…

Tutak, Tayfun; Turkdogan, Ali; Birgin, Osman

2009-01-01

392

The Relationships among Language Ability, Emotion Regulation and Social Competence in Second-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relationships exist between language ability, emotion regulation, and social competence in preschool children. This study examines how these relationships function in elementary school children, and explores whether language ability partially mediates the relationship between emotion regulation and social competence. Second-grade students (N = 67)…

Monopoli, W. John; Kingston, Sharon

2012-01-01

393

Exploring How Experience with Planning Impacts First Grade Students' Planning and Solutions to Engineering Design Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation presents research that investigated how first grade students' ability to construct solutions and to plan through drawing for engineering design problems is related to their participation in a LEGO-based engineering curriculum with two variations on the instruction for planning. The quasi-experimental design engaged two first…

Portsmore, Merredith D.

2010-01-01

394

First Grade Students in the Hunters Point-Bayview SEED Project: A Diagnostic Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A first-year report of the South East Education Development (SEED) project, an organization between the community-at-large and the schools in a disadvantaged section of San Francisco, California, is presented. The author first lists major findings about the primarily Negro first-grade students as a group and an introduction which refers to the…

Counelis, James Steve

395

Relationship of Age, Marital Status, and Work Experience of Community College Nursing Students to Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To investigate differences in academic success due to age (younger or older than age 23), marital status, and nursing experience, a three-way analysis of variance was performed on the grade point averages of 1,435 female nursing students enrolled in 22 Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) programs in Illinois. The sample, representing over 90 percent of…

Frerichs, Marian L.

396

Teacher and Student Behaviors in the Contexts of Grade-Level and Instructional Grouping  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher behaviors such as providing frequent opportunities to respond and feedback are known to promote student engagement. In addition, contextual variables such as grade-level and instructional grouping may affect engagement. However, less is known about teacher behavior in these instructional contexts. This study aimed to examine active…

Hollo, Alexandra; Hirn, Regina G.

2015-01-01

397

Student Appeals of Grades: A Comparative Study of University Policies and Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Handling appeals against grades is time consuming and requires allocation of resources away from the pursuit of activities such as instruction, research, and supervision of postgraduate students. This study examines grievance policies, frequencies, and outcomes of appeals at the University of California (UCB) and the University of Oslo (UIO). We…

Gynnild, Vidar

2011-01-01

398

The Structural Relationship between Writing Attitude and Writing Achievement in First and Third Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tested three models of the structural relationship between the writing achievement of primary grade students and their attitude towards writing (defined here as an affective disposition involving how the act of writing makes the author feel, ranging from happy to unhappy). The three models tested were: (a) writing attitude influences…

Graham, Steve; Berninger, Virginia; Fan, Weihua

2007-01-01

399

The Detection and Remediation of Deficiencies in Verbal Understanding of First Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fifty-five first grade students from low socioeconomic neighborhoods who lacked understanding of fundamental concepts frequently found in preschool and primary instructional materials and who possessed a low self-concept and limited experience were divided into a control and two experimental groups. The Boehm Test of Basic Concepts (BTBC) was…

Central Arkansas Education Center, Little Rock.

400

Transfer of a Listening Comprehension Strategy to Independent Reading in First-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instruction in narrative text structure on first graders' listening and reading comprehension was examined with a view to documenting strategy instruction and transfer of learning in beginning readers. Of interest was whether or not first-grade students (n=35) would, following instruction within the context of listening to stories, gain in…

Garner, Joanna K.; Bochna, Cynthia R.

2004-01-01

401

Using Literature Circles to Increase Reading Comprehension in Third Grade Elementary Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reading comprehension strategies are important skills for a child to learn. Good strategies support struggling students to be more successful in all subjects at school as reading is the basis for subsequent mastery of most subjects (Bender & Larkin, 2003). This action research project examined the use of literature circles in a third grade class.…

Briggs, Shawna R.

2010-01-01

402

Thematic preorganizers and the reading comprehension of tenth?grade world literature students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to investigate the effects which thematic preorganizers might have on secondary students’ comprehension of prose fiction, the authors gave specially prepared organizers to tenth?grade experimental group subjects before they read each of six short stories selected from commercial anthologies. Control group subjects read the stories without benefit of the organizers. The investigation demonstrated that thematic preorganizers did not

Terry C. Ley

1991-01-01

403

POSITION AND MOTION, A SCIENCE UNIT FOR THE UPPER ELEMENTARY GRADES, STUDENT MANUAL.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS MANUAL IS DESIGNED FOR STUDENTS IN UPPER ELEMENTARY GRADES STUDYING THE SCIENCE CURRICULUM IMPROVEMENT STUDY (SCIS) UNIT "POSITION AND MOTION". THE OVERALL STRUCTURE OF THE UNIT FOLLOWS A CYCLE OF PRELIMINARY EXPLORATION, INVENTION OF SPECIFIC CONCEPTS RELATED TO REFERENCE FRAMES, AND DISCOVERY OF THE USEFULNESS OF THE CONCEPT. PARTICULAR…

BERGER, CARL; MONTGOMERY, MARSHALL

404

English Reading Skills of French Immersion Students in Kindergarten and Grades 1 and 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluates and compares English graphophonic and word knowledge of anglophone children in French immersion (FI) programs with those of children in regular English (ENG) classrooms. Reveals no differences between the FI and ENG children in kindergarten, but ENG students scored higher at the end of Grades 1 and 2 on most measures. (NKA)

Kendall, Janet Ross; And Others

1987-01-01

405

Examining Reliability of Reading Comprehension Ratings of Fifth Grade Students' Oral Retellings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to rate oral retellings of fifth graders to determine how passages, raters, and rating occasions affect those ratings, and to identify what combination of those elements produce reliable retelling ratings. A group of 36 fifth grade students read and orally retold three contemporary realistic fiction passages. Two…

Bernfeld, L. Elizabeth Shirley; Morrison, Timothy G.; Sudweeks, Richard R.; Wilcox, Brad

2013-01-01

406

Exploring Music Practice among Sixth-Grade Band and Orchestra Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to describe the practice motivation and regulation of sixth-grade instrumentalists (11-12 years of age). A sample of 224 US band and orchestra students, representing 85 elementary schools, completed a 36-item practice inventory and produced two narratives depicting a typical practice session and a practice episode…

Austin, James R.; Berg, Margaret Haefner

2006-01-01

407

Teachers' Perceptions of the Effectiveness of Benchmark Assessment Data to Predict Student Math Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this correlational quantitative study was to examine the extent to which teachers perceive the use of benchmark assessment data as effective; the extent to which the time spent teaching mathematics is associated with students' mathematics grades, and the extent to which the results of math benchmark assessment influence teachers'…

Lewis, Lawanna M.

2010-01-01

408

The Effect of Book Blogging on the Motivation of 3rd-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Web 2.0 technology was implemented during reading instruction in one 3rd-grade classroom in suburban southeastern Pennsylvania. Trained preservice teachers provided feedback to students via the World Wide Web to enhance their performance and social connections. Motivation scores were measured before and after the intervention was implemented. A…

Swanson, Kristen N.; Legutko, Robert S.

2008-01-01

409

An Investigation of Mathematics Anxiety among Sixth through Eighth Grade Students in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study is to investigate mathematics anxiety among 220 sixth through eighth grade Turkish students in terms of mathematics achievement levels, perceived enjoyment of the mathematics teaching method, perceived enjoyment of mathematics, and perceived help with mathematics from parents. The Mathematics Anxiety Scale for…

Birgin, Osman; Baloglu, Mustafa; Catlioglu, Hakan; Gurbuz, Ramazan

2010-01-01

410

Development of an Instrument to Assess Fourth and Fifth Grade Students' Attitudes toward Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the authors in this study was to develop an instrument to assess fourth and fifth grade students' attitudes toward physical education. The methods for validation included (a) an elicitation study and instrument question development, (b) a pilot study, and (c) a series of analyses to assess, construct, and content validity and to…

Phillips, Sharon R.; Silverman, Stephen

2012-01-01

411

Student and Teacher Success: The Impact of Computers in Primary Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the impact of computers on student learning as reported by teachers participating in a study of a computer-based language arts instructional program for the early elementary grades--the Apple Learning Series: Early Language (ALS-EL). Although they found the program difficult to evaluate, some teachers stated that the ALS-EL…

Drexler, Nancy Gadzuk; And Others

412

Student appeals of grades: a comparative study of university policies and practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Handling appeals against grades is time consuming and requires allocation of resources away from the pursuit of activities such as instruction, research, and supervision of postgraduate students. This study examines grievance policies, frequencies, and outcomes of appeals at the University of California (UCB) and the University of Oslo (UIO). We find that while the number of formal grievances at the

Vidar Gynnild

2011-01-01

413

Measuring Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviours Concerning Sustainable Development among Tenth Grade Students in Manitoba  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we present standardized measures of tenth grade students' knowledge, attitudes and behaviours concerning sustainable development as those concepts are understood in the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, and we test the hypothesis that knowledge and favourable attitudes toward SD lead to favourable…

Michalos, Alex C.; Creech, Heather; Swayze, Natalie; Kahlke, P. Maurine; Buckler, Carolee; Rempel, Karen

2012-01-01

414

Documenting Student Performance: An Alternative to the Traditional Calculation of Grade Point Averages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditionally, students in secondary and postsecondary education have grade point averages (GPA) calculated, and a cumulative GPA computed to summarize overall performance at their institutions. GPAs are used for acknowledgement and awards, as partial evidence for admission to other institutions (colleges and universities), and for awarding…

Volwerk, Johannes J.; Tindal, Gerald

2012-01-01

415

Hot Math: Promoting Mathematical Problem Solving among Third-Grade Students with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes "Hot Math," a third-grade intervention conducted with small groups of students with disabilities or in inclusive classrooms that fosters mathematical problem solving. Hot Math integrates two promising practices to promote mathematical problem solving, explicit instruction about transfer and self-regulation strategies.…

Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Prentice, Karin; Burch, Mindy; Paulsen, Kim

2002-01-01

416

Accelerated Mathematics and High-Ability Students' Math Achievement in Grades Three and Four  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between the use of a computer-managed integrated learning system entitled Accelerated Math (AM) as a supplement to traditional mathematics instruction on achievement as measured by TerraNova achievement tests of third and fourth grade high-ability students. Gender, socioeconomic status, and…

Stanley, Ashley M.

2011-01-01

417

Supporting the Language Development of Limited English Proficient Students through Arts Integration in the Primary Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article looks at how arts integration can boost the language development of limited English proficient students in kindergarten through second grade. I first review existing research on how young children learn and describe the special challenges faced by children who must learn in an unfamiliar language. I then identify arts-based mechanisms…

Brouillette, Liane

2012-01-01

418

Rational Emotive Education for Improving Self-Concept in Second-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the effectiveness of Vernon's "Thinking, Feeling, Behaving" curriculum with second-grade students (N=41). The McDaniel-Piers Young Children's Self-Concept Scale and the Behavioral Academic Self-Esteem Inventory were administered in a pretest-postest format. Results demonstrated that the curriculum is partially effective in improving the…

Donegan, Angela L.; Rust, James O.

1998-01-01

419

Teacher Implementation of Guided Reading and the Effect on Students in Grades 3-5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed methods study explored implementing guided reading in grades 3-5 in a suburban school district located in Southeastern Pennsylvania. The purpose of this study was to evaluate how teachers implement guided reading in their classrooms and how the use of guided reading affects student achievement in Text Structure and Vocabulary, Reading…

Huber, Melissa S.

2011-01-01

420

Algebra I Achievement of Eighth Grade Mexican American Students Using Cooperative Learning versus Traditional Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine constructivist-based algebra lessons and a cooperative construct to address the achievement gap between White (non-Hispanic) and Mexican American 8th grade students at a southern California middle school. The lessons were designed to facilitate social interdependence which promoted peer-to-peer interaction…

Bunrasi, John Bosco Tuptip

2012-01-01

421

Primary-Grade Students' Knowledge and Thinking about Shelter as a Cultural Universal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The traditional K-3 social studies curriculum has focused on food, clothing, shelter, communication, transportation, and other cultural universals. A study was designed to provide information with respect to the topic of shelter, and in the process, to assess claims that primary grade students do not need instruction in the topic because they…

Brophy, Jere; Alleman, Janet

422

An Analysis of Schooling, Literacy and Functional Literacy of Urban and Suburban Eighth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through the administration of standardized tests, questionnaires, and an inventory of educational progress designed to assess the application of skills, an effort is made to analyze the literacy, functional literacy, and factors related to achievement in a population of 181 eighth-grade students selected from an inner-city population and a…

Lathen, Levi

423

Engaging Parents of Eighth Grade Students in Parent-Teacher Bidirectional Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the development and evaluation of a classroom-based, low-cost intervention to increase parents' involvement in their children's education. In Phase 1 of the study, 17 parents of 8th grade students in a low-income, high immigrant and minority school district were interviewed to conduct a qualitative assessment of factors…

Bennett-Conroy, Waveline

2012-01-01

424

Supporting the Language Development of Limited English Proficient Students through Arts Integration in the Primary Grades  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article looks at how arts integration can boost the language development of limited English proficient students in kindergarten through second grade. I first review existing research on how young children learn and describe the special challenges faced by children who must learn in an unfamiliar language. I then identify arts-based mechanisms that boost the language development of limited English

Liane Brouillette

2012-01-01

425

Fifth Grade Students' Experiences Participating in Active Gaming in Physical Education: The Persistence to Game  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although video games are often associated with sedentary behaviors, active gaming is a new genre that requires children to become physically active while playing the games. In this study six fifth grade students' experiences participating in active gaming in eight-week physical education classes were explored. Qualitative methods of interviews,…

Hansen, Lisa; Sanders, Steve

2010-01-01

426

Integrated Language Arts: A Study of the Achievement of Sixth Grade Students in an Integrated Language Arts Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the achievement of sixth-grade students in an integrated language arts curriculum. Subjects, 228 students in two schools in Southwestern Kansas, were divided into a treatment group of 128 students (who were taught using an integrated approach to language arts instruction) and a control group of 100 students (who were taught…

Argo, Donna K. Sherrill

427

The Impact of Classroom Performance System-Based Instruction with Peer Instruction upon Student Achievement and Motivation in Eighth Grade Math Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The researcher employed two designs to address the research question for this particular study. This quasi-experimental non-equivalent control group study compared the math achievement of 92 eighth grade students who received Classroom Performance System (CPS)-based instruction using Peer Instruction (PI) to 76 eighth grade students who received…

Allison, Tracy Michelle Hunter

2012-01-01

428

Preventing Student Disengagement and Keeping Students on the Graduation Path in Urban Middle-Grades Schools: Early Identification and Effective Interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers the practical, conceptual, and empirical foundations of an early identification and intervention system for middle-grades schools to combat student disengagement and increase graduation rates in our nation's cities. Many students in urban schools become disengaged at the start of the middle grades, which greatly reduces the odds that they will eventually graduate. We use longitudinal analyses—following almost

ROBERT BALFANZ; LIZA HERZOG; DOUGLAS J. MAC IVER

2007-01-01

429

Analyzing the Longitudinal K-12 Grading Histories of Entire Cohorts of Students: Grades, Data Driven Decision Making, Dropping out and Hierarchical Cluster Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School personnel currently lack an effective method to pattern and visually interpret disaggregated achievement data collected on students as a means to help inform decision making. This study, through the examination of longitudinal K-12 teacher assigned grading histories for entire cohorts of students from a school district (n=188), demonstrates…

Bowers, Alex J.

2010-01-01

430

Testing the Efficacy of INSIGHTS on Student Disruptive Behavior, Classroom Management, and Student Competence in Inner City Primary Grades.  

PubMed

A prevention trial tested the efficacy of INSIGHTS into Children's Temperament as compared to a Read Aloud attention control condition in reducing student disruptive behavior and enhancing student competence and teacher classroom management. Participants included 116 first and second grade students, their parents, and their 42 teachers in six inner city schools. Teachers completed the Sutter-Eyberg Student Behavior Inventory (SESBI) and the Teacher's Rating Scale of Child's Actual Competence and Social Acceptance (TRS) at baseline and again upon completion of the intervention. Boys participating in INSIGHTS, compared with those in the Read Aloud program, showed a significant decline in attentional difficulties and overt aggression toward others. Teachers in INSIGHTS, compared to those in the attention control condition, reported significantly fewer problems managing the emotional-oppositional behavior, attentional difficulties, and covert disruptive behavior of their male students. They also perceived the boys as significantly more cognitively and physically competent. PMID:20234765

McClowry, Sandra Graham; Snow, David L; Tamis-Lemonda, Catherine S; Rodriguez, Eileen T

2010-03-01

431

The Fundamentals of Imaging Physics and Radiobiology (Ninth Edition)  

Microsoft Academic Search

J Selman Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas (2000) 484pp, price: $49.95, ISBN: 0-398-06987-5Like its well-known predecessor, this new and expanded ninth edition presents numerous important changes, beginning with the title and continuing throughout the text. Selman's text is perhaps one of the oldest textbooks for radiographer students in continuous use. The first edition first appeared in 1954. The old title

Kwan-Hoong Ng

2000-01-01

432

FIFTH GRADE STUDENTS ’ PERCEIVED AND DESIRED LEVEL OF PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT IN THEIR EDUCATION  

E-print Network

The primary purpose of this study was to describe the correspondence between fifth grade students ’ perceived and desired level of parental involvement in their education, with identification of the specific school-related activities in which students want their parents involved. An experimenter-designed survey of ten questions was administered to 96 fifth grade students, 43 males and 55 females. The schools that participated in the study were Sherman Elementary and Manz Elementary in the Eau Claire Area School District in the fall of 1999. Parental involvement was defined as the parent or parents’ participation in on-going classroom and school activities, and involvement in learning activities at home (Watkins, 1997). This study showed that there was a major correspondence between the fifth graders ’ perceived and desired level of parental involvement in their education.

Angela J. Cerni; Cerni Angela J

433

Silent cerebral infarction, income, and grade retention among students with sickle cell anemia  

PubMed Central

Children with sickle cell anemia have a higher-than-expected prevalence of poor educational attainment. We test two key hypotheses about educational attainment among students with sickle cell anemia, as measured by grade retention and use of special education services: (1) lower household per capita income is associated with lower educational attainment; (2) the presence of a silent cerebral infarct is associated with lower educational attainment. We conducted a multicenter, cross-sectional study of cases from 22 U.S. sites included in the Silent Infarct Transfusion Trial. During screening, parents completed a questionnaire that included sociodemographic information and details of their child’s academic status. Of 835 students, 670 were evaluable; 536 had data on all covariates and were used for analysis. The students’ mean age was 9.4 years (range: 5–15) with 52.2% male; 17.5% of students were retained one grade level and 18.3% received special education services. A multiple variable logistic regression model identified that lower household per capita income (odds ratio [OR] of quartile 1 = 6.36, OR of quartile 2 = 4.7, OR of quartile 3 = 3.87; P = 0.001 for linear trend), age (OR = 1.3; P < 0.001), and male gender (OR, 2.2; P = 0.001) were associated with grade retention; silent cerebral infarct (P = 0.31) and painful episodes (P = 0.60) were not. Among students with sickle cell anemia, household per capita income is associated with grade retention, whereas the presence of a silent cerebral infarct is not. Future educational interventions will need to address both the medical and socioeconomic issues that affect students with sickle cell anemia. PMID:25042018

King, Allison A.; Rodeghier, Mark J.; Panepinto, Julie Ann; Strouse, John J.; Casella, James F.; Quinn, Charles T.; Dowling, Michael M.; Sarnaik, Sharada A.; Thompson, Alexis A.; Woods, Gerald M.; Minniti, Caterina P.; Redding-Lallinger, Rupa C.; Kirby-Allen, Melanie; Kirkham, Fenella J.; McKinstry, Robert; Noetzel, Michael J.; White, Desiree A.; Kwiatkowski, Janet K.; Howard, Thomas H.; Kalinyak, Karen A.; Inusa, Baba; Rhodes, Melissa M.; Heiny, Mark E.; Fuh, Ben; Fixler, Jason M.; Gordon, Mae O.; DeBaun, Michael R.

2014-01-01

434

African American eighth-grade female students' perceptions and experiences as learners of science literacy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Assessment of Educational Progress (2000) reports an achievement gap between male and female students and majority and minority students in science literacy. Rutherford and Algren (2000) describe a scientifically literate person as one who is aware that science, mathematics, and technology are interdependent human enterprises with strengths and limitations; understands key concepts and principles of science; is familiar with the natural world and recognizes both its diversity and unity; and uses scientific knowledge and scientific ways of thinking for individual and social purposes. The purpose of this qualitative case study research was to investigate African American eighth grade female students' perceptions and experiences as learners of science literacy. A social learning theory (Bandura, 1986) and constructivist theory (Vygotsky, 1977) served as a guide for the researcher. Two questions were explored: (1) What are African American eighth grade female students' perceptions and experiences as learners of science literacy? (2) In what ways do the perceptions and experiences of African American eighth grade female students influence their learning of science literacy? Purposeful sampling (Merriam, 1998) was used with four African American eighth grade female students selected as participants for the study. Data collection and analysis occurred between February and August in a single year. Data sources included an open-ended questionnaire, two in-depth interviews with each participant (Seidman, 1991); classroom observations, participant reflective journals, student artifacts, and a researcher's log. Data were analyzed through the constant comparative method (Glaser & Strauss, 1967), and richly descriptive participant portraits and qualitative case studies (Merriam, 1998) were used to report the findings. Three themes emerged from the study that positively affected the perceptions and experiences of African American eighth grade female students as learners of science literacy: (1) the influence of family members, especially mothers and grandmothers, (2) the personal connections made to science concepts and real life, (3) the creative student-researched and designed projects, labs, and experiments. Trustworthiness and rigor were established through adherence to guidelines for establishing credibility, confirmability, dependability, and transferability (Lincoln & Guba, 1985).

Crim, Sharan R.

435

The Impact of Teacher Assigned but Not Graded Compared to Teacher Assigned and Graded Chemistry Homework on the Formative and Summative Chemistry Assessment Scores of 11th-Grade Students with Varying Chemistry Potential  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study analyzed 2005 posttest data compared to 2008 posttest data to determine student end of school year academic achievement outcomes across three academic levels (above average, average, and below average chemistry potential) and two teacher homework evaluation methods (assigned but not graded and assigned and graded) on teacher prepared…

Wilson, Jennifer L.

2010-01-01

436

The factorization of the ninth Fermat number version 19910227 The factorization of the ninth Fermat number  

E-print Network

in 1640 by the French mathematician Pierre de Fermat (1601--1665), whose interest in the problemThe factorization of the ninth Fermat number version 19910227 The factorization of the ninth Fermat prime factorization of the ninth Fermat number F9=2 512 +1 is exhibited. It is the product of three

Manasse, Mark S. - Microsoft Research

437

Cumulative effects of prevention education on substance use among 11th grade students in Ohio.  

PubMed

This article examines participation in school-based prevention activities from a statewide sample of 11th grade students in Ohio. About 42% of subjects indicated they had never been involved in a prevention education activity. Differences existed in mean number of activities by both gender and White/nonWhite status. Popular prevention education activities included participation in D.A.R.E. (Drug Abuse Resistance Education) at elementary, junior high, and senior high levels, "Just Say No Clubs"; Quest; and Red Ribbon Week. Only a small proportion of youth participated exclusively in any one of these activities. An association existed between student participation in prevention education and level of drug involvement. Students in each activity had lower mean scores for drug involvement when compared to students who had never participated in a prevention education activity. Also, the lowest mean scores occurred among students who had participated in multiple prevention activities. PMID:9644608

Donnermeyer, J F; Davis, R R

1998-04-01

438

Fitness, fatness, and academic performance in seventh-grade elementary school students  

PubMed Central

Background In addition to the benefits on physical and mental health, cardiorespiratory fitness has shown to have positive effects on cognition. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness and body weight status on academic performance among seventh-grade students. Methods Participants included 1531 grade 7 students (787 male, 744 female), ranging in age from 12 to 14 years (Mage?=?12.3?±?0.60), from 3 different cohorts. Academic performance was measured using the marks students had, at the end of their academic year, in mathematics, language (Portuguese), foreign language (English), and sciences. To assess cardiorespiratory fitness the Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run, from Fitnessgram, was used as the test battery. The relationship between academic achievement and the independent and combined association of cardiorespiratory fitness/weight status was analysed, using multinomial logistic regression. Results Cardiorespiratory fitness and weight status were independently related with academic achievement. Fit students, compared with unfit students had significantly higher odds for having high academic achievement (OR?=?2.29, 95% CI: 1.48-3.55, p?grade students independent of the different cohorts, providing further support that aerobically fit and normal weight students are more likely to have better performance at school regardless of the year that they were born. PMID:25001376

2014-01-01

439

Factors Associated with Self-Esteem in Sixth through Ninth Graders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Those who guide and work with children are interested in enabling them to build concepts about themselves that lead to higher self-esteem. This study investigated factors associated with self-esteem in sixth through ninth graders. The independent variables were locus of control, family structure, sex role, gender, grade level, and parental alcohol…

Weber, Roserita

440

Developing Seventh Grade Students’ Systems Thinking Skills in the Context of the Human Circulatory System  

PubMed Central

Developing systems thinking skills in school can provide useful tools to deal with a vast amount of medical and health information that may help learners in decision making in their future lives as citizen. Thus, there is a need to develop effective tools that will allow learners to analyze biological systems and organize their knowledge. Here, we examine junior high school students’ systems thinking skills in the context of the human circulatory system. A model was formulated for developing teaching and learning materials and for characterizing students’ systems thinking skills. Specifically, we asked whether seventh grade students, who studied about the human circulatory system, acquired systems thinking skills, and what are the characteristics of those skills? Concept maps were used to characterize students’ systems thinking components and examine possible changes in the students’ knowledge structure. These maps were composed by the students before and following the learning process. The study findings indicate a significant improvement in the students’ ability to recognize the system components and the processes that occur within the system, as well as the relationships between different levels of organization of the system, following the learning process. Thus, following learning students were able to organize the systems’ components and its processes within a framework of relationships, namely the students’ systems thinking skills were improved in the course of learning using the teaching and learning materials. PMID:25520948

Raved, Lena; Yarden, Anat

2014-01-01

441

Effects of multisensory resources on the achievement and science attitudes of seventh-grade suburban students taught science concepts on and above grade level  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research was designed to determine the relationships among students' achievement scores on grade-level science content, on science content that was three years above-grade level, on attitudes toward instructional approaches, and learning-styles perceptual preferences when instructional approaches were multisensory versus traditional. The dependent variables for this investigation were scores on achievement posttests and scores on the attitude survey. The independent variables were the instructional strategy and students' perceptual preferences. The sample consisted of 74 educationally oriented seventh-grade students. The Learning Styles Inventory (LSI) (Dunn, Dunn, & Price, 1990) was administered to determine perceptual preferences. The control group was taught seventh-grade and tenth-grade science units using a traditional approach and the experimental group was instructed on the same units using multisensory instructional resources. The Semantic Differential Scale (SDS) (Pizzo, 1981) was administered to reveal attitudinal differences. The traditional unit included oral reading from the textbook, completing outlines, labeling diagrams, and correcting the outlines and diagrams as a class. The multisensory unit included five instructional stations established in different sections of the classroom to allow students to learn by: (a) manipulating Flip Chutes, (b) using Electroboards, (c) assembling Task Cards, (d) playing a kinesthetic Floor Game, and (e) reading an individual Programmed Learning Sequence. Audio tapes and scripts were provided at each location. Students circulated in groups of four from station to station. The data subjected to statistical analyses supported the use of a multisensory, rather than a traditional approach, for teaching science content that is above-grade level. T-tests revealed a positive and significant impact on achievement scores (p < 0.0007). No significance was detected on grade-level achievement nor on the perceptual-preference effect. Furthermore, the students indicated significantly more positive attitudes when instructed with a multisensory approach on either grade-level or above-grade level science content (p < 0.0001). The findings supported using a multisensory approach when teaching science concepts that are new to and difficult for students (Martini, 1986).

Roberts, Patrice Helen

442

How to Improve Reading Comprehension in High-Risk Students: Effects of Class Practices in Grade 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effect of class practices on students' learning gains in reading comprehension in the 5th grade. A sample of 4,344 students in 283 classes in 176 schools was studied. Several class practices that have previously been demonstrated to be effective were tested while controlling for student characteristics and…

Vanlaar, Gudrun; Denies, Katrijn; Vandecandelaere, Machteld; Van Damme, Jan; Verhaeghe, Jean Pierre; Pinxten, Maarten; De Fraine, Bieke

2014-01-01

443

What Is That Thing Called Climate Change? an Investigation into the Understanding of Climate Change by Seventh-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents findings from research on students' general environmental concerns, experiences, beliefs, attitudes, worldviews, values, and actions relating to climate change. Data was gathered from a sample of 646 seventh-grade students. The findings indicate that students identify climate change as a consequence of modern life. They…

Özdem, Yasemin; Dal, Burçkin; Öztürk, Nilay; Sönmez, Duygu; Alper, Umut

2014-01-01

444

Paths to Learning Ten-Structured Understandings of Teen Sums: Addition Solution Methods of Japanese Grade 1 Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the developmental paths of Japanese Grade 1 students' understanding of quantities through the examination of their addition solution methods over the school year period. The individual students exhibited a wide range of experiences with and knowledge of addition from the beginning to the end of the school year. Students

Murata, Aki

2004-01-01

445

Calculating the Value of Graphing Calculators for Seventh-Grade Students with and without Disabilities: A Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the performance of seventh-grade students with and without disabilities, educated in inclusive mathematics classes, on a mathematics assessment aligned to state standards with graphing calculators as an accommodation. The study used random assignment of classes to condition with students nested in classes. Students did not use…

Bouck, Emily C.

2009-01-01

446

Effectiveness of Interactive Multimedia Environment on Language Acquisition Skills of 6th Grade Students in the United Arab Emirates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effect of interactive multimedia (IMM) program on students' acquisition of some English as a second language (ESL) skills. An interactive multimedia CD-ROM was used with ninety 6th grade ESL students in Al-Ain Model School 2, United Arab Emirates. Students were selected and divided into experimental and control groups…

Almekhlafi, Abdurrahman Ghaleb

2006-01-01

447

Grade 4-6 Student Conceptions and Utilization of Informal and Formal Variable Representations across Mathematically Equivalent Tasks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports how 24 grade 4-6 students in one elementary and middle school interpreted formal and informal representations of variables. While interpretations for variables represented as letters (e.g., x and y) have been well established for students in algebra classes and beyond, little research into elementary school students'…

Switzer, Matt

2011-01-01

448

Sorting Second-Grade Students: Differentiating Those Retained From Those Promoted  

Microsoft Academic Search

A cohort of 2nd-grade students provided comparisons of academic and social competence based on school retention\\/promotion decisions. Sample groups were (a) retained, (b) at risk for retention, (c) special education, and (d) promoted. Findings suggested most children with academic deficiencies are identified by schools early and are sorted into educational treatments differing in intensity that represent a continuum of competence.

Margaret Beebe-Frankenberger; Kathleen M. Bocian; Donald L. MacMillan; Frank M. Gresham

2004-01-01

449

Teacher student relationship quality type in elementary grades: Effects on trajectories for achievement and engagement  

PubMed Central

Teacher, peer, and student reports of the quality of the teacher-student relationship were obtained for an ethnically diverse and academically at-risk sample of 706 second and third grade students. Cluster analysis identified four types of relationships based on the consistency of child reports of support and conflict in the relationship with reports of others: Congruent positive, Congruent Negative, Incongruent Child Negative and Incongruent Child Positive. The cluster solution evidenced good internal consistency and construct validity. Cluster membership predicted growth trajectories for teacher-rated engagement and standardized achievement scores over the following three years, above prior performance. The predictive associations between child reports of teacher support and conflict and outcomes depended on whether child reports were consistent or inconsistent with reports of others. Study findings have implications for theory development, assessment of teacher-student relationships, and teacher professional development. PMID:20728688

Wu, Jiun-yu; Hughes, Jan N.; Kwok, Oi-man

2010-01-01

450

Physical activity during recess in low-income 3rd grade students in Texas  

PubMed Central

Objectives We estimated the prevalence of recess-based moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and vigorous physical activity (VPA) among third grade students attending low-income, urban schools in Texas. Methods Structured observations (n=77 class and 616 student observations) using SOFIT were conducted over three-months in 8 elementary schools with majority Hispanic students. Results Students engaged in 66.4% and 19.2% of their ~20 minute recess time in MVPA and VPA, respectively. Boys engaged in more MVPA and VPA (P<.007). Contextual differences in activity (setting and activity type) were identified. Conclusions Findings underscore the importance of scheduled recess time for children’s physical activity. PMID:23985178

Springer, Andrew E.; Tanguturi, Yasas; Ranjit, Nalini; Skala, Katherine A.; Kelder, Steven H.

2012-01-01

451

The development of a science process assessment for fourth-grade students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, a multiple-choice test entitled the Science Process Assessment was developed to measure the science process skills of students in grade four. Based on the Recommended Science Competency Continuum for Grades K to 6 for Pennsylvania Schools, this instrument measured the skills of (1) observing, (2) classifying, (3) inferring, (4) predicting, (5) measuring, (6) communicating, (7) using space/time relations, (8) defining operationally, (9) formulating hypotheses, (10) experimenting, (11) recognizing variables, (12) interpreting data, and (13) formulating models. To prepare the instrument, classroom teachers and science educators were invited to participate in two science education workshops designed to develop an item bank of test questions applicable to measuring process skill learning. Participants formed writing teams and generated 65 test items representing the 13 process skills. After a comprehensive group critique of each item, 61 items were identified for inclusion into the Science Process Assessment item bank. To establish content validity, the item bank was submitted to a select panel of science educators for the purpose of judging item acceptability. This analysis yielded 55 acceptable test items and produced the Science Process Assessment, Pilot 1. Pilot 1 was administered to 184 fourth-grade students. Students were given a copy of the test booklet; teachers read each test aloud to the students. Upon completion of this first administration, data from the item analysis yielded a reliability coefficient of 0.73. Subsequently, 40 test items were identified for the Science Process Assessment, Pilot 2. Using the test-retest method, the Science Process Assessment, Pilot 2 (Test 1 and Test 2) was administered to 113 fourth-grade students. Reliability coefficients of 0.80 and 0.82, respectively, were ascertained. The correlation between Test 1 and Test 2 was 0.77. The results of this study indicate that (1) the Science Process Assessment, Pilot 2, is a valid and reliable instrument applicable to measuring the science process skills of students in grade four, (2) using educational workshops as a means of developing item banks of test questions is viable and productive in the test development process, and (3) involving classroom teachers and science educators in the test development process is educationally efficient and effective.

Smith, Kathleen A.; Welliver, Paul W.

452

New Observatory Outreach Programs for Students in Grades 3-12  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Henize Observatory at Harper College, a community college in suburban Chicago, has conducted biweekly public viewing sessions from March to November for over ten years. Recently, we developed two complementary public education programs for primary and secondary school students. The Cosmic Explorers program allows students in Grades 3-6 to observe and identify night sky objects and receive small rewards for completing four “seasons” of observing in their Night Sky Passport. The Henize Docent program gives students in Grades 7-12 the opportunity to assist with observatory operations, including the Cosmic Explorers program, and learn about astronomy and nature interpretation methods. Together, these two programs have rejuvenated our public viewing sessions and generated a real excitement in the community. The success of these programs has presented new challenges for the observatory. Innovative solutions for crowd control and expanded training for volunteer staff were necessary to support the increased visitor load. Students in the docent program have been highly motivated and require training and challenges to keep them engaged. One unexpected benefit was increased interest in Harper College's Astronomy Club as students, particularly those in education, participate in these informal education opportunities. Both programs can be adapted to any venue with night time observing and access to telescopes. We will discuss the programs, their costs, program materials and marketing, challenges and solutions, and future plans. This work is supported by a Harper College Resource for Excellence Grant.

Moorthy, Bhasker K.; Kabbes, J.; Page, K. A.; Cole, K.

2013-06-01

453

Ninth annual fluidized bed conference  

SciTech Connect

Ten papers were presented at the Ninth Fluidized Bed Conference held in Bakersfield, CA on December 7-8, 1993. The papers covered such subjects as community relations, operational experience at the NISCO cogeneration facility, multiple stoker-field retrofit with fluidized bed combustion, influence of fuel properties, combustion of pulp and papermill sludges and biomass in bubbling fluidized boilers, diesel emissions control reactor power cycle, erosion-corrosion resistant coatings in CFBC systems, FBC's role in solid fuel firing, and the role for solid fuel firing in the Nation's energy future. A separate abstract was prepared for each paper for the Energy Data Base.

Not Available

1993-01-01

454

An Observational Case Study of Four Second Grade General Education Students' Academic Responding and Inappropriate Behavior in the Presence of a Disruptive Student with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current observational case study involves four second grade students without disabilities in a classroom in which a disruptive student with disabilities was included. The purpose of the study was to record and analyze the academic responses (AR) and inappropriate behaviors (IB) that were exhibited by students without disabilities in three…

Duvall, Steven F.; Jain, Sachin; Boone, Denise

2010-01-01

455

Effects of instructional strategies on seventh grade science achievement as perceived by Kentucky students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Kentucky Education Reform Act of 1990 brought about systemic transformations at all levels of the state P--12 educational system. While the reform has generally been accepted as successful at the elementary and secondary levels, improvements in the state's middle schools have been negligible, particularly in the subject of science. Central to problems at the middle school level is the lack of empirical research linking student seventh grade science achievement with certain instructional strategies, mediating variables, and demographic variables. The purposes of this study focus on possible connections among these variables. The study was constructed around ten theorized relationships at the two levels of research: the individual student level and the composite school level. Simultaneous and hierarchical regression analyses were conducted to investigate possible relationships. Consistent throughout the data analysis is the negative linkage between the use of computers and student achievement. Results of this study would suggest that computer use in the science classrooms is detrimental to the improvement of science achievement test scores at the seventh grade level, at least as currently practiced. Several strategies such as use of textbooks and worksheets as well as specific hands-on strategies have a positive relationship with science achievement. Certain demographic factors were found to have linkages to student achievement. Analysis indicates that white students perform at a higher level than do their non-white counterparts. Free and reduced lunch students typically performed at a lower level than students who are not classified as poor. Female students score higher on the science achievement test. Mediating variables such as student effort and confidence demonstrated relationships with student science achievement. The findings are unique in the Commonwealth of Kentucky and represent the first available connections among the variables under investigation. While answers have been suggested to the questions posed in this research, clearly a number of puzzling questions have been raised. Future research is needed to answer these questions if Kentucky's middle schools are to prosper in seventh grade science in the years to come.

Ennis, Larry S.

456

Students' Conceptions about "Radiation": Results from an Explorative Interview Study of 9th Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One basis of good teaching is to know about your students' preconceptions. Studies about typical ideas that students bring to the science classroom have been and continue to be a major field in science education research. This study aims to explore associations and ideas that students have regarding "radiation", a term widely used in various…

Neumann, Susanne; Hopf, Martin

2012-01-01

457

Evolution of the Theory of the Earth: A Contextualized Approach for Teaching the History of the Theory of Plate Tectonics to Ninth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current high school Earth Science curricula and textbooks organize scientific content into isolated "units" of knowledge. Within this structure, content is taught, but in the absence of the context of fundamental understandings or the process of how the science was actually done to reach the conclusions. These are two key facets of scientific…

Dolphin, Glenn

2009-01-01

458

The Effect of Demonstrator Gender on Wind Instrument Preferences of Kindergarten, Third-Grade, and Fifth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined possible influences of demonstrator gender on children's instrument choices. Participants (N = 104) included boys (n = 53) and girls ( n = 51) in fifth grade (n = 27), third grade (n = 41), and kindergarten (n = 36) in six intact music classes from a single elementary school. Pretest and posttest consisted of circling (Grades 3…

Killian, Janice N.; Satrom, Shauna L.

2011-01-01

459

Malik Goes to School: Examining the Language Skills of African American Students from Preschool-5th Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Malik Goes to School: Examining the Language Skills of African American Students From Preschool-5th Grade" synthesizes a decade of research by the authors, Holly Craig and Julie Washington, on the oral language and literacy skills of African American children from preschool to fifth grade. Their research has characterized significant influences…

Craig, Holly K.; Washington, Julie A.

2005-01-01

460

An Evaluation of Teachers' Perceptions of Teaching Social Skills to Fifth Grade Students within the Scope of Social Studies Lessons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose was to evaluate teachers' perceptions of teaching social skills to Fifth grade students using social studies lessons. The survey model has been used as a research method. The 5th grade teachers working in elementary schools in Canakkale province included in the scope of the study have been interviewed and a questionnaire has been…

Sahin, Cavus

2010-01-01

461

The Impact of Letter Grades on Student Effort, Course Selection, and Major Choice: A Regression-Discontinuity Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors apply a regression-discontinuity design to identify the causal impact of letter grades on student effort within a course, subsequent credit hours taken, and the probability of majoring in economics. Their methodology addresses key issues in identifying the causal impact of letter grades: correlation with unobservable factors, such as…

Main, Joyce B.; Ost, Ben

2014-01-01

462

Virginia Standards of Learning (Grades 6 through 12) That Are Covered When Students Attend Live Performances of Shakespeare's Plays.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines Standards of Learning for grades 6-12 students in Virginia that are covered when they attend live performances of William Shakespeare's plays. The paper details separate standards for each grade in English, subdivided into standards which fulfill requirements in Oral Language, Reading/Literature, Writing, and Research, along…

Brookshire, Cathy A.

463

The Prediction of Reading Levels between Second and Third Grade Limited English Proficient Students in a Bilingual Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to predict the third grade English reading TAKS scores while considering the same students' native language, Spanish, reading level as assessed by a state-approved reading assessment, the Evaluacion del desarrollo de la lectura (EDL), from the end of the second grade year. In addition, this study was been designed to…

Moses, Britani Creel

2010-01-01

464

Student Ratings of Stressful Experiences at Home and School: Loss of a Parent and Grade Retention as Superlative Stressors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior research examining children's ratings of stressful life events indicated that, by the time children are in sixth grade, they fear only going blind and losing a parent more than academic retention. The current study provides a contemporary analysis of elementary grade students' perceptions of stressful life events at home and school. First-,…

Anderson, Gabrielle E.; Jimerson, Shane R.; Whipple, Angela D.

2005-01-01

465

The Long and Winding Road: Grades, Psychological Disengagement and Motivation among Female Students in (Non-)Traditional Career Paths  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the links between grades, psychological disengagement mechanisms (discounting evaluative feedback and devaluing school), and motivation among female students in traditional and non-traditional career paths. We predicted that the association between grades and discounting is affected by the importance of…

Rinfret, Natalie; Tougas, Francine; Beaton, Ann M.; Laplante, Joelle; Ngo Manguelle, Christiane; Lagacé, Marie Claude

2014-01-01

466

The Relationship Between the Retention Level of Orally and Visually Presented Science Material to Selected Fifth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two groups of fifth-grade pupils were equated on reading ability, I.Q., science ability, hearing, and eyesight. The groups selected were well above average in I.Q. and reading ability. Four selections, each of 400 to 500 words, from standard fifth-grade elementary science texts were presented by allowing students to read them or by reading them to…

Friedman, Robert M.

467

Access to Algebra I: The Effects of Online Mathematics for Grade 8 Students. NCEE 2012-4021  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings from a randomized control trial designed to inform the decisions of policymakers who are considering using online courses to provide access to Algebra I in grade 8. It focuses on students judged by their schools to be ready to take Algebra I in grade 8 but who attend schools that do not offer the course. The study…

Heppen, Jessica B.; Walters, Kirk; Clements, Margaret; Faria, Ann-Marie; Tobey, Cheryl; Sorensen, Nicholas; Culp, Katherine

2011-01-01

468

Comparing Different Short-Term Service Delivery Methods of Visual-Motor Treatment for First Grade Students in Mainstream Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To compare the efficacy of three different short-term service delivery methods on first grade children with soft neurological signs who suffer from visual-motor difficulties. One hundred and forty seven first grade students who scored below the 21st percentile on the Visual-Motor Integration Test (VMI) were recruited from schools and randomly…

Ratzon, Navah Z.; Lahav, Orit; Cohen-Hamsi, Shifra; Metzger, Yehiela; Efraim, Daniela; Bart, Orit

2009-01-01

469

Media Mania-Fifth Grade Students become part of a public relations group that has been asked to  

E-print Network

Places to Museum Madness-Fourth Grade Students get involved in a trivia contest when they visit the National Museum be answered in order to win the contest! Researching and completing creative projects enables a trivia team

Hutcheon, James M.

470

Demographic profiles associated with academic performance for third grade students in North Forest and Aldine Independent School Districts in Texas  

E-print Network

The study examined the demographic profiles associated with academic performance for third grade students in North Forest and Aldine Independent School Districts (ISDs) in Texas. Specifically, the study showed the impact that gender, ethnicity...

Slaughter, Steven Darryll

2009-05-15

471

The Impact of Hidden Grades on Student Decision-Making and Academic Performance: An Examination of a Policy Change at MIT  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colleges and universities work hard to create environments that encourage student learning, and they develop grading policies, in part, to motivate their students to perform well. Grades provide two kinds of information about a student's abilities and learned knowledge: "internal" information that informs the students themselves about the…

Harris, Gregory A.

2010-01-01

472

Medical and pharmacy students' perceptions of the grading and assessment practices  

PubMed Central

Many students at the University of Namibia have frequently complained about ineffective assessment practices used at the institution. On many occasions, these complaints have not been substantiated with evidence of any kind. The purpose of this study was to obtain some empirical evidence that would ascertain undergraduate students' perceptions of the University of Namibia's grading and assessment practices. Using a structured scaled questionnaire, data were obtained from a representative sample of the University's undergraduate students studying for Medical and Pharmacy degrees. The questionnaire items covered matters related to students' experiences of assessment practices, feedback on assessment tasks, reliability and validity of assessment tools used by lecturers, efficacy of processes of administering examinations, perceptions of irregular and unfair assessment practices, impact of assessment regimes on students' cost of studies, motivation, morale, rate of progression in studies and graduation, the degree of compliance with assessment ethics and on academic quality assurance. According to the data reported in this article, the majority of the respondents perceived that the Schools of Medicine and Pharmacy at the University of Namibia applied assessment practices that yielded reliable and valid results. This was the case because most lecturers in the two schools used appropriate assessment tools and provided their students with prompt and informative feedback on the results of assignments, tests and examinations. In addition, most respondents reported that whereas examination procedures used in the two schools were efficient and effective, lecturers graded examination scripts fairly. These and other results are discussed in the article to communicate the message that the assessment procedures used in the Schools of Medicine and Pharmacy at the University of Namibia would promote effective learning and understanding amongst students as they were of high quality. PMID:23847582

Kasanda, C. D.; Mitonga, K. H.; Veii, K.; Zimba, R. F.

2013-01-01

473

The impact of classroom organization in grade 4 on student achievement in science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While qualitative studies of teacher perceptions of classroom organization have been performed, quantitative studies linked to standards-based assessments are noticeably absent. Two questions guided the research: What is the impact of classroom layout in grade 4 on student achievement in science? How does space use change in a classroom when the furniture is reorganized? The study was conducted in five classrooms in two rural, elementary schools. In two classrooms, teachers placed a large science materials table in the center of the room to make science activities a focal point for students. Two classrooms, that were used as controls, continued to operate using their established organization. The organization of the fifth classroom had included a large table in the center of the room for a number of years. This room was also used as a control. Data were collected in three ways. Quantitative data were collected from the New York State Grade-4 Science Program Evaluation Test. Qualitative data were collected using the Classroom Spatial Utilization and Migration Form and by creating a classroom map. The data were presented in quantitative, narrative, and graphic forms. Data from the New York State Grade-4 Science Program Evaluation Test were analyzed using a matrix published by the New York State Education Department and by using SPSS software. Classroom spatial utilization and migration patterns were visually evaluated. The guiding hypothesis that placing a large table in the center of the room would result in improved student performance was not totally supported by the data. Student density was correlated to student achievement. Specifically, classroom space per student was positively correlated to the inquiry science skills of classifying, manipulating materials, measuring, recording data, using non-standard measurement, and making predictions. Classroom arrangement was not as important as open space per student. This research is important because classrooms that were designed for teacher-centered instruction may not be adequate for hands-on, inquiry science learning. A study of the way in which students engage in science activities relative to classroom organization could influence the instructional pedagogy of teachers. Recommendations regarding educational policy and classroom practice are presented.

Duncanson, Edward Francis

474

The Effect of Improved School Climate over Time on Fifth-Grade Students' Achievement Assessment Scores and Teacher Administered Grade Scores  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of improved school climate, as teachers' beliefs changed from negative to positive over time, on students' reading, math, and writing assessment scores and teacher administered grade scores in reading, math, and writing. Overall, findings indicate that lose, maintain, or improve…

Marten, Dawn M.

2012-01-01

475

Students' Conceptions About `Radiation': Results from an Explorative Interview Study of 9th Grade Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One basis of good teaching is to know about your students' preconceptions. Studies about typical ideas that students bring to the science classroom have been and continue to be a major field in science education research. This study aims to explore associations and ideas that students have regarding `radiation', a term widely used in various fields and necessary to understand fundamental ideas in science. In an explorative study, the perceptions of 50 high school students were examined using semi-structured interviews. The students were 14-16 years old and were chosen from 7 different high schools in an urban area in Austria. Following an interview guideline, students were asked about their general associations with the term `radiation' as well as about their general understanding of different types of radiation. A qualitative analysis of these interviews following the method of Flick (2009) revealed that the students' associations were, to a great extent, very different from the scientific use of the term. Several conceptions that could inhibit students' learning processes could be identified. Consequences for the teaching of the topic `radiation' in science lessons, which are based on these preconceptions, are presented in the conclusion.

Neumann, Susanne; Hopf, Martin

2012-12-01

476

Making the Grade and Staying Engaged: The Influence of Student Management Teams on Student Classroom Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of student management teams (SMTs) is a relatively new teaching technique designed to increase the quality of college courses and student performance and engagement within those courses. However, to date, little systematic, empirical research has validated the effectiveness of using SMTs. To test the effectiveness of this technique, the…

Troisi, Jordan D.

2014-01-01

477

Metacognitive and language-specific knowledge in native and foreign language reading comprehension: an emprical study among Dutch students in grades 6, 8 and 10  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article gives the results of a study among 685 students in grades 6, 8 and 10 in the Netherlands to whom we administered grade-appropriate measures of reading comprehension and vocabulary knowledge in their native language (NL), Dutch, as well as, in grades 8 and 10, in English as a foreign language (EFL). All students answered the same questionnaire on

Rob Schoonen; Jan Hulstijn; Bart Bossers

1998-01-01

478

Progress Report to High School Counselors: Grade Distribution for Fall Quarter Students Enrolled at John Tyler Community College Who Completed High School in the Spring 1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grade distributions were determined for 188 students enrolled at John Tyler Community College (JTCC) in fall 1985, who completed high school in spring 1985. Analyses, which focused on high school attended, courses for which grades were recorded, and status and curriculum of the students, revealed the following: (1) over one-half of all grades

Hollins, Carol S.; Smith, Myra Goodman

479

The Effects of Instructors and Student Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Characteristics on the Accuracy of Grades Predicted for an Introductory English Composition Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of different instructors and student Myers-Briggs Type Inventory personality characteristics on the accuracy of predicting 1041 introductory English composition grades from a single regression equation were investigated. The instructor variable was defined by three groups of classes: high grade means, average grade means, and low grade means. The Scholastic Aptitude Test Verbal, Test of Standard Written English, and

K. Terry Schurr; Forrest Houlette; Arthur Ellen

1986-01-01

480

The effect of grading incentive on student discourse in Peer Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The use of Peer Instruction to enhance lectures in large enrollment introductory college science courses has become widespread. In this technique, learner responses to multiple choice questions posed by the instructor during lecture are recorded and displayed in real time by an electronic classroom response system (CRS). Peer Instruction takes place when learners are given time to discuss ideas with their neighbors before registering individual responses. Although much research has been done to study the impact of Peer Instruction on student learning and engagement, little is known about the dynamics of the peer discussions that occur just before students register responses to questions. The results of this study suggest that the grading incentive instructors adopt for incorrect question responses impacts the nature and quality of the peer discussions that take place. Two large enrollment college astronomy classes employing contrasting assessment strategies for CRS scores were observed. In the high stakes classroom where students received little credit for incorrect CRS responses, it was found that conversation partners with greater knowledge tended to dominate peer discussions and partners with less knowledge were more passive. In the low stakes classroom where students received full credit for incorrect responses, it was found that students engaged in a more even examination of ideas from both partners. Conversation partners in the low stakes classroom were also far more likely to register dissimilar responses, suggesting that question response statistics in low stakes classrooms more accurately reflect current student understanding and therefore act as a better diagnostic tool for instructors.

James, Mark C.

2012-01-20

481

Correlating Student Knowledge and Confidence Using a Graded Knowledge Survey to Assess Student Learning in a General Microbiology Classroom †  

PubMed Central

Knowledge surveys are a type of confidence survey in which students rate their confidence in their ability to answer questions rather than answering the questions. These surveys have been discussed as a tool to evaluate student in-class or curriculum-wide learning. However, disagreement exists as to whether confidence is actually an accurate measure of knowledge. With the concomitant goals of assessing content-based learning objectives and addressing this disagreement, we present herein a pretest/posttest knowledge survey study that demonstrates a significant difference correctness on graded test questions at different levels of reported confidence in a multi-semester timeframe. Questions were organized into Bloom’s taxonomy, allowing for the data collected to further provide statistical analyses on strengths and deficits in various levels of Bloom’s reasoning with regard to mean correctness. Collectively, students showed increasing confidence and correctness in all levels of thought but struggled with synthesis-level questions. However, when students were only asked to rate confidence and not answer the accompanying test questions, they reported significantly higher confidence than the control group which was asked to do both. This indicates that when students do not attempt to answer questions, they have significantly greater confidence in their ability to answer those questions. Additionally, when students rate only confidence without answering the question, resolution across Bloom’s levels of reasoning is lost. Based upon our findings, knowledge surveys can be an effective tool for assessment of both breadth and depth of knowledge, but may require students to answer questions in addition to rating confidence to provide the most accurate data. PMID:25574291

Favazzo, Lacey; Willford, John D.; Watson, Rachel M.

2014-01-01

482

Water Towers, Pump Houses, and Mountain Streams: Students' Ideas about Watersheds  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This study investigates students' ideas about watersheds and how these ideas change across grade level. A group of 95 students were each asked to draw a picture of a watershed and explain their drawings. The results revealed that, in general, students understand the concept of watersheds from a very limited scientific perspective. Sixth and some seventh grade students envisioned watersheds as a water storage facility or a facility that supplies water. Eighth and ninth grade students' ideas about a watershed focused on a mountainous stream. Older students also incorporated the hydrologic cycle, but rarely represented linkages between land and watercourses. For all students, humans do not appear to be a part of a watershed, but separate from it.

Shepardson, Daniel; Harbor, Jon; Wee, Bryan

483

Student performance and grading changes in a systems-based curriculum  

PubMed Central

Introduction Changing from a conventional discipline-based, basic science medical school curriculum to an integrated systems-based curriculum, which was graded on overall performance not by discipline, was associated with a highly significant improvement in an externally administered comprehensive exam at the end of the 2-year basic science program. The reason for the improvement was unclear, but we hypothesized that it was partly due to a change in student study strategy. Anecdotal evidence suggested that students had changed their study habits to spend less time on previously harder-to-pass courses and more time on courses with previously lower failure rates. If this were so, performance in previously harder disciplines might have deteriorated, while performance in previously easier disciplines could have improved. Methods We examined relative performance in the four discipline-based courses of Systemic Pathology, Microbiology, Pharmacology, and Introductory Clinical Medicine (ICM) in the fourth (and last) semester of the curriculum. We compared failure rates in these four courses for the three cohorts before the change with the three cohorts after. Results Pharmacology and Microbiology which had failure rates over twice as high as Systemic Pathology and ICM in the conventional program before the curriculum change showed a deterioration in performance after the change with an approximately threefold rise in internal failure rate. In contrast, Systemic Pathology showed a dramatic improvement with a more than threefold drop in the failure rate, while the ICM clinical skills course, which was largely assessed by a practical exam in all 6 cohorts, showed no change. Conclusion The improvement in student performance in an external assessment may be due, at least partly, to a change in the school's internal grading policy which led to a more appropriate balancing of student study strategies. Future studies on the effect of curriculum change should include an assessment of the impact on student study strategies. PMID:24434026

Cooles, Philip E.; Harrigan-Vital, Miscilda; Laville, Agnes

2014-01-01

484

Exploring Grade 11 Students' Conceptual Pathways of the Particulate Nature of Matter in the Context of Multirepresentational Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the conceptual pathways of 19 Grade 11 introductory chemistry students (age 16-17) as they participated in a multirepresentational instruction on the particulate nature of matter (PNM). This study was grounded in contemporary conceptual change theory, in particular, research on students' conceptual pathways that focuses on…

Adadan, Emine; Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Irving, Karen E.

2010-01-01

485

The Relationship of Reading Comprehension Success with Metacognitive Awareness, Motivation, and Reading Levels of Fifth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research aims to investigate the relationship between metacognitive awareness, reading motivations, reading levels and reading comprehension success of fifth grade students using comparative relative scan model. There were 577 students. In the result of the research, in which data were collected with four scales, it was concluded that reading…

Memis, Aysel; Bozkurt, Metin

2013-01-01

486

Santa Clara County Survey of Drug, Alcohol, and Tobacco Use among Students in Grades 5, 7, 9, 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings from the Santa Clara County (California) survey of Drug, Alcohol, and Tobacco Use among Students in Grades 5, 7, 9, and 11 administered during the spring of 1991 to 5,180 students in 51 randomly selected county schools. An executive summary discusses sampling error, sample demographics, and findings on drug use…

Constantine, Norm; And Others

487

Pilot Project for Potentially Gifted Minority Students - Grade 3-4 (Alternative Education). Project Evaluation (3rd Year).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report describes accomplishments of a program designed to promote abilities of 75 potentially gifted culturally different students in grades 3-4. Student selection procedures included the Basic Structure of Intellect (SOI) Learning Abilities Test and teacher interviews. The curriculum emphasized SOI materials and cultural arts. Detailed data…

Howells, Ronald F.

488

The Effects of a Traditional and Technology-Based After-School Program on 6th Grade Student's Mathematics Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effectiveness of the Assessment and LEarning in Knowledge Spaces (ALEKS) system as a method of strategic intervention in after-school settings to improve the mathematical skills of struggling 6th grade students. Students were randomly assigned to after-school classrooms in which they either worked with ALEKS to improve…

Hu, Xiangen; Craig, Scotty D.; Bargagliotti, Anna E.; Graesser, Arthur C.; Okwumabua, Theresa; Anderson, Celia; Cheney, Kyle R.; Sterbinsky, Allan

2012-01-01

489

An Exploratory Study of Self-Regulated Learning Strategies in a Design Project by Students in Grades 9-12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study evaluated self-regulated learning (SRL) strategies of 27 students in grades 9-12 during an engineering design project. The specific focus of the study was on student task interpretation and its relation to planning and cognitive strategies in design activities. Two research questions guided the study: (1) To what degree was…

Lawanto, Oenardi; Butler, Deborah; Cartier, Sylvie; Santoso, Harry; Lawanto, Kevin; Clark, David

2013-01-01

490

The Effects of GIS on Students' Academic Achievement and Motivation in Seventh-Grade Social Studies Lessons in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to determine the effect of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) on the academic achievement and motivation of seventh-grade students. The study used a quasi-experimental design and a set of social studies lessons. The study was conducted over the 2006-2007 academic year on the students of a primary school at Ankara, Turkey's…

Aladag, Elif

2010-01-01

491

Steps to Financial Fitness, Grades 3-5. Teacher Guide [and] Student Workouts. Financial Fitness for Life.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developing financial fitness requires developing a knowledge base and then applying it. This teacher guide and student workouts package contains 15 lessons from students at grades 3-5, divided into 4 theme areas of earning and income, saving, spending and borrowing, and managing money. The development of knowledge for use in the everyday life of…

Suiter, Mary C.

492

Problem Solving and Game-Based Learning: Effects of Middle Grade Students' Hypothesis Testing Strategies on Learning Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Targeted as a highly desired skill for contemporary work and life, problem solving is central to game-based learning research. In this study, middle grade students achieved significant learning gains from gameplay interactions that required solving a science mystery based on microbiology content. Student trace data results indicated that effective…

Spires, Hiller A.; Rowe, Jonathan P.; Mott, Bradford W.; Lester, James C.

2011-01-01

493

Grade 3 Students' Mathematization through Modeling: Situation Models and Solution Models with Mutli-Digit Subtraction Problem Solving  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In considering mathematics problem solving as a model-eliciting activity (Lesh & Doerr, 2003; Lesh & Harel, 2003; Lesh & Zawojewski, 2008), it is important to know "what" students are modeling for the problems: situations or solutions. This study investigated Grade 3 students' mathematization process by examining how they modeled different…

Murata, Aki; Kattubadi, Sailaja

2012-01-01

494

The Contribution of Conceptual Change Texts Accompanied by Concept Mapping to Eleventh-Grade Students Understanding of Cellular Respiration Concepts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study conducted to investigate the contribution of conceptual change texts, accompanied by concept mapping instruction to eleventh-grade students' understanding of cellular respiration concepts, and their retention of this understanding. Cellular respiration concepts test was developed as a result of examination of related literature and interviews with teachers regarding their observations of students' difficulties. The test was administrated as

Salem A. Al Khawaldeh; Ali M. Al Olaimat

2010-01-01

495

A Study of Attitudes toward Reading of Western Kansas Students in Grades One through Six in a Selected School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the attitudes toward reading of Western Kansas students in grades 1-6. Of the 156 students in the sample, 45 participated in the study group while 111 constituted the control group. The independent variables were participation status, achievement in reading, gender, socioeconomic class status, intelligence test scores, and…

Rains, Navene N.

496

Teacher-Student Agreement on "Bullies and Kids They Pick On" in Elementary School Classrooms: Gender and Grade Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examined teacher-student agreement on the measure: "bullies and kids they pick on" in 38 (15 first, 12 third, and 11 fifth grade) elementary school classrooms. Overall agreement between teachers and students was low, 7.9%. The frequency of bully-victim dyads reported by teachers and victim prominence were positive…

Ahn, Hai-Jeong; Rodkin, Philip C.; Gest, Scott

2013-01-01

497

An Intervention Including an Online Game to Improve Grade 6 Students' Performance in Early Algebra  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated whether an intervention including an online game contributed to 236 Grade 6 students' performance in early algebra, that is, solving problems with covarying quantities. An exploratory quasi-experimental study was conducted with a pretest-posttest-control-group design. Students in the experimental group were asked to…

Kolovou, Angeliki; van den Heuvel-Panhuizen, Marja; Koller, Olaf

2013-01-01

498

Low- and High-Achieving Sixth-Grade Students' Access to Participation during Mathematics Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A descriptive, holistic, multiple-case methodology was applied to examine the nature of participation in discourse of two low- and two high-achieving grade 6 students while solving mathematical tasks in a standards-based classroom. Data collected via classroom observations and student interviews were analyzed through a multiple-cycle coding…

Lack, Brian; Swars, Susan Lee; Meyers, Barbara

2014-01-01

499

The Influence of Advanced Mathematics Units Implementing Reform-Based Discourse on Grade 2 Students' Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study concentrated on the characteristics of Grade 2 students' writing in mathematics class who used the Project M[superscript 2] units to learn geometry and measurement. Included in the study were students with high and low levels of content knowledge. Archived data from the Project M[superscript 2] study were analyzed to determine the…

Cohen, Jeremy A.

2012-01-01

500

African American English-Speaking Students: A Longitudinal Examination of Style Shifting from Kindergarten through Second Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this longitudinal study was twofold: to examine shifting from African American English (AAE) to mainstream American English (MAE) across the early elementary grades, when students are first exposed to formal instruction in reading; and to examine how metalinguistic and cognitive variables influenced the students'…

Craig, Holly K.; Kolenic, Giselle E.; Hensel, Stephanie L.

2014-01-01