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1

Ninth Grade Students' Understanding of The Nature of Scientific Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the 9th-grade students' understandings of the nature of scientific knowledge. The study also aimed to investigate the differences in students' understanding of the nature of scientific knowledge by gender, and school types. A total of 575 ninth grade students from four different school types (General…

Kilic, Kerem; Sungur, Semra; Cakiroglu, Jale; Tekkaya, Ceren

2005-01-01

2

Sensory Response Patterns of Academically Successful and Unsuccessful Ninth-grade Students of English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Testing Marshall McLuhan's thesis that the educational system favors the visually oriented student and militates against the audile-tactile youngster, this pilot study attempted to discover whether or not academically successful ninth-grade English students have a different sensory response pattern than unsuccessful ninth-grade English students.…

LaRocque, Geraldine E.

3

Facilitating conceptual change in ninth grade students' understanding of human circulatory system concepts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the conceptual change text oriented instruction over traditionally designed instruction on ninth grade students’ understanding of the human circulatory system concepts, and their retention of this understanding. The subjects of this study consist of 73 ninth grade female students from two classes of a basic school in Jordan. One

Salem A. Alkhawaldeh

2007-01-01

4

Facilitating Conceptual Change in Ninth Grade Students' Understanding of Human Circulatory System Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the conceptual change text oriented instruction over traditionally designed instruction on ninth grade students' understanding of the human circulatory system concepts, and their retention of this understanding. The subjects of this study consist of 73 ninth grade female students

Alkhawaldeh, Salem A.

2007-01-01

5

Instructional Communication Predictors of Ninth-Grade Students' Affective Learning in Math and Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine how students' perceptions of their teachers' instructional communication behaviors were related to their affective learning in math and science. A survey was used to collect perceptions from 497 ninth-grade students. The following conclusions were yielded from the data: (1) students' perceptions of their…

Mottet, Timothy P.; Garza, Ruben; Beebe, Steven A.; Houser, Marian L.; Jurrells, Summer; Furler, Lisa

2008-01-01

6

The Relationship between Physical Fitness and Academic Achievement in Ninth-Grade Students in Arkansas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose, scope, and method of study. The purpose of this study was to determine if and to what degree a relationship existed between physical fitness and the academic achievement of ninth-grade public school students in Arkansas. A sample of 152 students from four different schools participated in the study. The dependent variable was academic…

Hanna, Shellie Lyne

2009-01-01

7

Urban Minority Ninth-Grade Students' Health-Related Fitness Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to examine Hispanic and other minority ninth-grade students' health-related fitness (HRF) knowledge, using FitSmart, a standardized test for high school students. The test consisted of 50 weighted multiple choice items, measuring six subcontent components. Means and standard deviations of the overall scores and the…

Keating, Xiaofen Deng; Chen, Li; Guan, Jianmin; Harrison, Louis, Jr.; Dauenhauer, Brian

2009-01-01

8

Facilitating Changes in Ninth Grade Students' Understanding of Dissolution and Diffusion through DSLM Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the nature and process of ninth grade students' conceptual change regarding their mental model of dissolution and diffusion as a result of instructions using the Dual Situated Learning Model (DSLM). The dual situated learning events of this model are designed according to the students' ontological viewpoint of the science…

She, Hsiao-Ching

2004-01-01

9

Matching of Learning Styles and Teaching Styles: Advantage and Disadvantage on Ninth-Grade Students' Academic Achievements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to identify learning styles of ninth-grade students, to identify teaching styles of four subject teachers, and to compare four academic achievements between different matching conditions of students' learning styles and teachers' teaching styles. The research participants comprised of 3,382 ninth-grade

Damrongpanit, Suntonrapot; Reungtragul, Auyporn

2013-01-01

10

Ninth-grade students' attitudes toward energy: A comparison between Maine and New Brunswick  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the study was to determine if there was any relationship between energy attitudes of ninth-grade students by gender and by their geographical location (Maine and New Brunswick). For general energy concerns, Maine students had a more positive attitude than New Brunswick students. Both Maine and New Brunswick females had a more positive attitude toward energy than males. Overall, Maine and New Brunswick students had a nonpositive attitude toward energy.

Barrow, L.H.; Morrisey, J.T.

1987-01-01

11

Factors Mediating the Effect of Gender on Ninth-Grade Turkish Students' Misconceptions Concerning Electric Circuits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to identify and analyze possible factors that mediate the effect of gender on ninth-grade Turkish students' misconceptions concerning electric circuits. A Simple Electric Circuit Concept Test (SECCT), including items with both practical and theoretical contexts, and an Interest-Experience Questionnaire about Electricity…

Sencar, Selen; Eryilmaz, Ali

2004-01-01

12

Precursors of Gang Involvement among Ninth Grade Students: A Longitudinal Investigation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the relative influence of peer and parenting behavior on changes in adolescent gang involvement and gang-related delinquency. An ethnically diverse sample of 300 urban ninth-grade students was recruited and assessed on 8 occasions during the school year. Analyses were conducted using hierarchical linear modeling. Results…

Walker-Barnes, Chanequa J.; Mason, Craig A.; Arrue, Rafael Martinez

13

Impact of a Ninth-Grade Transition Program on Cumulative GPAs and Credits, Ninth-Grade Dropout Rates, and Student Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concerned educators have been implementing ninth-grade transition programs to help freshmen adjust to the demands in high school and to reduce ninth-grade failure rates. The purpose of this quasi-experimental quantitative study was to investigate the impact of a ninth-grade transition program. The research questions addressed impact on cumulative…

Buhrman, B. R.

2010-01-01

14

The Ninth-Grade Challenge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Across the country, high schools have found that their ninth-grade students have the highest rates of truancy, discipline referrals, failures, and retentions. A school's worst data points are usually found among freshmen. For this reason, proactive schools seek strategies for transitioning freshmen into high school. An effective freshman…

Habeeb, Scott

2013-01-01

15

Successful Transitions: The Sheyenne Ninth Grade Academy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we share outcomes from the implementation of a ninth-grade academy in a large, comprehensive, Northern Plains, United States, school district. The article discusses the effectiveness of this reform in terms of the academic and social preparedness for students during the ninth-grade year and transition to high school. Findings…

Hall, Brenda S.; Holland, Carol E. Buchholz; Karsh, Lisa; Wang, Ting

2011-01-01

16

Career Awareness and Exploration. Ninth Grade Students Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide contains a 4-week course designed to address the problems students face in making career or job choices and selecting the appropriate high school courses to give them the necessary skills to achieve their career goal. It contains materials for teachers to use in doing the following: assist students in self-assessment, expand…

Tennessee State Dept. of Employment Security, Nashville.

17

Medicine Use among Warsaw Ninth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aim: This study examined the prevalence of medicine use for headache, stomachache, difficulties in getting to sleep, nervousness, depression and lack of energy among 15- to 16-year-old students; the relationship between medicine use and students' health status; and the relationship between medicine and nicotine, illegal drug, and alcohol use.…

Pisarska, Agnieszka; Ostaszewski, Krzysztof

2011-01-01

18

The Effect of Co-Teaching on Student Achievement in Ninth Grade Physical Science Classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Co-teaching is a method that is increasing within schools across the US as educators strive to leave no child behind. It is a costly method, having two paid instructors in one classroom, with an average of 24 students shared between them. If it significantly increases the achievement of all students, it is well worth the costs involved. However, few studies have analyzed the effectiveness of this method on student achievement. This research follows the academic accomplishments of students in a ninth grade physical science course. Nine sections of the course "Force and Motion" were taught with a single teacher, and two additional sections were co-taught, one led by a science-certified and special educator, and another co-taught by two science certified teachers. Subgroup achievement performance was analyzed to determine whether significant differences exist between students with or without IEPs, as well as other factors such as free and reduced lunch status or gender. The results show significance with the presence of a co-teacher, while there is minimal effect size of co-teaching in this study for students with IEPs. The benefactors in these ninth grade co-taught classes were the students without IEPs, an unintended result of co-teaching.

LaFever, Karen M.

19

Integrating mathematics and science for below-average ninth-grade students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was twofold: first to develop an integrated mathematics and science course for below average ninth grade students and second, to investigate the effect of this course on students performance in mathematics and science. Students' understanding of mathematics and science as tools in solving real world problems was also examined, as well as the effect of teaching methodologies on student performance. The procedure for the study involved the development and implementation by the investigator of an integrated course in mathematics and science. The content for the integrated course was based on the ninth grade Foundation of Mathematics and Science curricula. Two teaching methodologies were used during the study, the "experimental methodology," based on cooperative groups using inquiry and discovery learning; and the traditional methodology, based on lecture, homework review and practice. The population involved in the study consisted of ninety-four students in three classes in a New York City High School. Each class received a different combination of methodology and course of study: Group 1, received the regular Foundations courses taught separately but using the experimental methodology; group 2, received the integrated course with the traditional methodology, group 3 received the integrated course with the experimental methodology. The treatments lasted for seven weeks. Performance in mathematics and science was determined by three types of examinations in each subject. Performance in applications was determined by laboratory activities and special projects assigned during the study. The results indicate that there are some advantages to be gained by the integration of mathematics and science, particularly when it is used in conjunction with the "experimental methodology." The results showed that treatment group 3 performed significantly better than the other treatment groups. Treatment group 3 also performed significantly better on the laboratory activities and special projects that determined students understanding of real world problems. The results suggest that the most effective approach to teaching mathematics and science for below average students maybe an integrated curriculum and the "experimental methodology."

Wiltshire, Michael A.

20

Internet-Based GIS in an Inductive Learning Environment: A Case Study of Ninth-Grade Geography Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the results of a qualitative case study that explored the use of Internet-based geographic information systems (IGIS) with ninth-grade geography students. The students worked in teams to examine the geography of Africa using IGIS resources with the instructional goal of developing a presentation on a significant issue facing…

Milson, Andrew J.; Earle, Brian D.

2007-01-01

21

The impact of a freshman academy on science performance of first-time ninth-grade students at one Georgia high school  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this within-group experimental study was to find out to what extent ninth-grade students improved their science performance beyond their middle school science performance at one Georgia high school utilizing a freshman academy model. Freshman academies have been recognized as a useful tool for increasing academic performance among ninth-grade students because they address a range of academic support initiatives tailored to improve academic performance among ninth-grade students. The talent development model developed by Legters, Balfanz, Jordan, and McPartland (2002) has served as a foundational standard for many ninth grade academy programs. A cornerstone feature of this model is the creation of small learning communities used to increase ninth-grade student performance. Another recommendation was to offer credit recovery opportunities for ninth graders along with creating parent and community involvement activities to increase academic success among ninth-grade students. While the site's program included some of the initiatives outlined by the talent development model, it did not utilize all of them. The study concluded that the academy did not show a definitive increase in academic performance among ninth-grade students since most students stayed within their original performance category.

Daniel, Vivian Summerour

22

The effects of matching instructional strategy with selected student characteristics on ninth grade physical science students' attitudes and achievement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The study investigated the benefits of a matching model of instruction for students enrolled in ninth grade physical science classes in one high school in a small, urban school district. Based on social learning theory, three independent variables were identified for purposes of matching: need level, cognitive style, and locus of control; attitude and achievement outcomes served as the dependent variables. Results of separate analyses of covariance revealed that attitude toward science in general improved with matching, but achievement, attitude toward physical science, attitude toward instruction, and attitude toward the teacher did not improve. Recommendations for subsequent matching experiments are discussed in light of the findings in this investigation.

Trout, John S.; Crawley, Frank E.

23

A Career Guidance Curriculum for Ninth Grade Students. Occupational Cluster Learning Activities. Health-Technical. Part 2 of 2. Ninth Grade Career Guidance Project. Project Duration: July 16, 1979, to June 30, 1980.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second of two parts presents learning activities for four occupational clusters of a ninth-grade cluster program. It contains theory and hands-on activities that explore the occupational requirements and working environment of these areas to help students make intelligent decisions of possible career choices based on levels of interest and…

Cape May County Vocational Schools, NJ.

24

General Science, Ninth Grade: Theme III and Theme IV. Student Laboratory Manual. Experimental.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the student laboratory manual that was designed to accompany some of the experimental activities found in the teacher's guide to this general science course for ninth graders. It contains laboratory worksheets for lessons on such topics as: (1) soil; (2) hazardous waste; (3) wildlife refuges; (4) the water cycle; (5) water…

New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.

25

Ninth Grade for the LD Student at Risk for High School Dropout.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concern for the dropout phenomenon among secondary learning disabled (LD) students led to a preliminary study of an urban school's decision-making structures, as well as events that influence ninth graders' behavior and decisions, increasing their risk for dropping out of high school. Data were collected from three sources: observation of school…

Sansone, Janet; Baker, Janice

26

State Report Appendix: Arizona Student Achievement Program, Spring 1999. Individual Percentile Rank Scores by School, District, County, and State, Grades 2 through 11. Stanford Achievement Test, Ninth Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1998-99 school year marked the 19th year of statewide student testing under the Arizona Student Achievement Program. In this school year, students were tested using the Stanford Achievement Test, Ninth Edition (Stanford9). This test was administered to 593,872 Arizona students in grades 2 through 11 during the spring of 1999. Three subtests in…

Arizona State Dept. of Education, Phoenix.

27

State Report Appendix: Arizona Student Achievement Program, Spring 1998. Individual Percentile Rank Scores by School, District, County, and State, Grades 3 through 12. Stanford Achievement Test, Ninth Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1997-98 school year was the 18th year of statewide student testing under the Arizona Student Achievement Program mandated by Arizona law. For the 1997-98 school year, students in grades 3 through 12 were tested using the Stanford Achievement Test, Ninth Edition (Stanford 9). This test was administered statewide to 536,254 Arizona students in…

Arizona State Dept. of Education, Phoenix.

28

The Importance of the Ninth Grade on High School Graduation Rates and Student Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers target 9th grade as the make or break year for completing high school. During the 9th-grade year, many students for the first time have to earn passing grades in core courses, and these core courses are typically some of the toughest and most rigorous academic classes a student must take in high school. Furthermore, the rising use of…

McCallumore, Kyle Megan; Sparapani, Ervin F.

2010-01-01

29

Portland Schools Foundation Ninth Grade Counts: Student Data Report--Outcomes and Participation for Summer 2009 and Participation for Summer 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Portland Schools Foundation's (PSF) Ninth Grade Counts initiative is a network of more than twenty independent summer transition programs targeting Academic Priority (or "at-risk") students. These programs share a common focus on providing academic support, enrichment, and career/college exposure for students who show early warning signs for…

Northwest Evaluation Association, 2011

2011-01-01

30

Attitudes toward Alcohol and Other Mind Altering Substances of Students in Seventh, Eighth, and Ninth Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescents continue to use alcohol and other drugs despite the profound risks to their health. This thesis examines the attitudes of students in grades 7-9 toward alcohol and other nonprescriptive mind-altering substances. Eight independent variables were investigated: (1) gender; (2) grade placement; (3) DARE (Drug Abuse Resistance Education)…

Redetzke, Pamela M.

31

The Effect of Instructor Nonverbal Immediacy Behaviors and Feedback Sensitivity on Hispanic Students' Affective Learning Outcomes in Ninth-Grade Writing Conferences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to show how instructor use of nonverbal immediacy behaviors influence Hispanic students' affective learning in ninth-grade writing conferences, regardless of the level of feedback sensitivity provided. According to Kluger and DeNisi's (1996) feedback intervention theory, when feedback is direct and targeted on the…

Martin, Laura; Mottet, Timothy P.

2011-01-01

32

Predictors of Intention to Eat 2.5 Cups of Vegetables among Ninth-Grade Students Attending Public High Schools in Eastern North Carolina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To identify beliefs about eating 2.5 cups of vegetables and to assess how well these beliefs predict intention to eat them. Design: A survey based on the Theory of Planned Behavior. Setting: Two public high schools in 2 counties in eastern North Carolina. Participants: 157 ninth-grade students (mean age = 14.71 years [SD = 0.82]).…

Pawlak, Roman; Malinauskas, Brenda

2008-01-01

33

Paving the Way for Success in High School and beyond: The Importance of Preparing Middle School Students for the Transition to Ninth Grade. GroundWork  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public/Private Ventures' (P/PV's) "GroundWork" series summarizes available evidence on a variety of social policy topics, providing a firm foundation for future work. This second brief in the series presents an overview of issues surrounding the ninth grade transition: why it is so important; why many middle school students find it so difficult;…

Grossman, Jean Baldwin; Cooney, Siobhan M.

2009-01-01

34

The Factorial Validity of Three Measures of Critical Thinking within the Context of Guilford's Structure-of-Intellect Model for a Sample of Ninth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For 235 ninth-grade students, intercorrelations of Guilford's structure-of-intellect (SOI) tests and of three measures of critical thinking were factor analyzed. The study reveals the viability of using SOI constructs involving cognition and evaluation of semantic content as likely explanatory components of critical thinking. (Author/AL)

Landis, Richard E.; Michael, William B.

1981-01-01

35

The Emergent Charter School Model for Ninth Grade Mildly Disabled United States Students: Extending to Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An ethnographic, descriptive research methodology was used to explore the service delivery of three U.S. charter schools (one independent and two dependent secondary public charter schools) in Southern New England, United States as they relate to grade nine mildly disabled special needs students. Field research was also conducted in Costa Rica and…

Vincent, Emmanuel Teah

2009-01-01

36

Academic Support by Significant Others and Educational Resilience in Mexican-Origin Ninth Grade Students from Intact Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used dominance analysis to examine the relative importance of ninth grade, Mexican-origin adolescents' perceptions of academic support from significant others (i.e., mothers, fathers, teachers, and friends) in relation to aspects of academic success. Self-report and school record data were collected from 216 Mexican-origin adolescents…

Plunkett, Scott W.; Henry, Carolyn S.; Houltberg, Benjamin J.; Sands, Tovah; Abarca-Mortensen, Sandra

2008-01-01

37

Effects of an Inverted Instructional Delivery Model on Achievement of Ninth-Grade Physical Science Honors Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This mixed-methods action research study was designed to assess the achievement of ninth-grade Physical Science Honors students by analysis of pre and posttest data. In addition, perceptual data from students, parents, and the researcher were collected to form a complete picture of the flipped lecture format versus the traditional lecture format. The researcher utilized a 4MAT learning cycle in two Physical Science Honors classes. One of these classes was traditionally delivered with lecture-type activities taking place inside the classroom and homework-type activities taking place at home; the other inverted, or flipped, delivered with lecture-type activities taking place outside the classroom and homework-type activities taking place inside the classroom. Existing unit pre and posttests for both classes were analyzed for differences in academic achievement. At the completion of the units, the flipped class students and parents were surveyed, and student focus groups were convened to ascertain their perceptions of the flipped classroom delivery model. Statistical analysis of posttest data revealed that there is no significant difference between the traditional lecture delivery format and the flipped delivery format. Analysis of perceptual data revealed six themes that must be considered when deciding to flip the classroom: how to hold students accountable for viewing the at-home videos, accessibility of students to the required technology, technical considerations relating to the video production, comprehension of the material both during and after viewing the videos, pedagogy of the overall flipped method, and preference for the flipped method overall. Findings revealed that students, parents, and the researcher all had a preference for the flipped class format, provided the above issues are addressed. The flipped class format encourages students to become more responsible for their learning, and, in addition, students reported that the hands-on inquiry activities done in class aided them in learning the subject matter. It is recommended, however, that before instructors decide to flip the classroom, they ensure that all students have access to needed technology, that there is a plan in place for ensuring that the students actually view the assigned videos, that they have a way to create the videos and ensure adequate quality, and that some discussion is held in class after each assigned video to ensure comprehension of the material.

Howell, Donna

38

The Effect of Optional Summer Transition to High School Program Participation and Required School Year Long Placement on a Core Content Team on Ninth-Grade Students At-Risk Measured Achievement, Engagement, and Behavior Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

No significant difference in beginning ninth-grade pretest compared to ending ninth-grade posttest comparisons of American History t(17) = 0.34, p = 0.37 (one-tailed), d = 0.09, English t(17) = 1.40, p = 0.09 (one-tailed), d = 0.34, and Biology (t(17) = -1.58, p = 0.07 (one-tailed), d = -0.22, course grade scores were observed for students

Pokorski, Frances K.

2011-01-01

39

Effectiveness of Ninth-Grade Physics in Maine: Conceptual Understanding  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Physics First movement-teaching a true physics course to ninth-grade students-is gaining popularity in high schools. There are several different rhetorical arguments for and against this movement, and it is quite controversial in physics education. However, there is no actual evidence to assess the success, or failure, of this substantial shift in the science teaching sequence. We have undertaken a comparison study of physics classes taught in ninth- and 12th-grade classes in Maine. Comparisons of student understanding and gains with respect to mechanics concepts were made with excerpts from well-known multiple-choice surveys and individual student interviews. Results indicate that both populations begin physics courses with similar content knowledge and specific difficulties, but when learning concepts, ninth-graders are more sensitive to the instructional method used.

O'Brien, Michael J.; Thompson, John R.

2009-04-01

40

The effects of academic literacy instruction on engagement and conceptual understanding of biology of ninth-grade students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Academic language, discourse, vocabulary, motivation, and comprehension of complex texts and concepts are keys to learning subject-area content. The need for a disciplinary literacy approach in high school classrooms accelerates as students become increasing disengaged in school and as content complexity increases. In the present quasi-experimental mixed-method study, a ninth-grade biology unit was designed with an emphasis on promoting academic literacy skills, discourse, meaningful constructivist learning, interest development, and positive learning experiences in order to learn science content. Quantitative and qualitative analyses on a variety of measures completed by 222 students in two high schools revealed that those who received academic literacy instruction in science class performed at significantly higher levels of conceptual understanding of biology content, academic language and vocabulary use, reasoned thought, engagement, and quality of learning experience than control-group students receiving traditionally-organized instruction. Academic literacy was embedded into biology instruction to engage students in meaning-making discourses of science to promote learning. Academic literacy activities were organized according the phases of interest development to trigger and sustain interest and goal-oriented engagement throughout the unit. Specific methods included the Generative Vocabulary Matrix (GVM), scenario-based writing, and involvement in a variety of strategically-placed discourse activities to sustain or "boost" engagement for learning. Traditional instruction for the control group included teacher lecture, whole-group discussion, a conceptual organizer, and textbook reading. Theoretical foundations include flow theory, sociocultural learning theory, and interest theory. Qualitative data were obtained from field notes and participants' journals. Quantitative survey data were collected and analyzed using the Experience Sampling Method (ESM) to measure cognitive and emotional states, revealing patterns of engagement, quality of experience, and flow over the course of the instructional unit. Conceptual understanding was measured using the state persuasive writing rubric to analyze science essays in which students supported a claim with scientific evidence. The study contributes an Engagement Model of Academic Literacy for Learning (EngageALL), a Rubric for Academic Persuasive Writing (RAPW), a unique classification system for analyzing academic vocabulary, and suggestions for situated professional development around a research-based planning framework. A discussion addresses a new direction for future research that explores academic identity development.

Larson, Susan C.

41

Understanding the Impact of a Ninth-Grade Transition Program in Texas. Vignette  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ninth grade often is considered a make-or-break year in determining whether students will be successful in high school and beyond. The Texas Education Agency (TEA) created the Texas Ninth Grade Transition and Intervention Program to ease the transition of at-risk students into high school and increase the likelihood that they graduate on time and…

American Institutes for Research, 2012

2012-01-01

42

Examining the Development of Scientific Reasoning in Ninth-Grade Physical Science Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students (n=46) were assigned to one of three instructional groups (descriptive, question design, and hypothesis testing) to test the hypothesis that descriptive learning cycles are not sufficient to stimulate students to reason at a formal operational level. Analyses indicated that the hypothesis-testing group exhibited a significant increase on…

Westbrook, Susan L.; Rogers, Laura N.

1994-01-01

43

How Mathematics Teachers Explain Their Placement Recommendations for Ninth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Successful completion of Algebra I is very important for all students in the United States, because it is a high-stakes, gatekeeper course that determines access to additional mathematics (and many science) courses. However, a substantial proportion of students with historically marginalized identities do not gain access to Algebra I until much…

Bright, Anita L.

2009-01-01

44

A Study of the Relationship between Extended Time Courses and Mathematics Growth among Ninth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Accountability in education with regard to student achievement, especially within core subject areas such as mathematics, has emerged over the past ten years that support the need for impactful educational reform. Educators have been asked to evaluate the distinctiveness of the students that they serve to determine if there are better ways to…

Staden, David P.

2010-01-01

45

An Integrated Learning System: Impact on At-Risk Students' Ninth Grade TAKS Mathematics Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of an integrated learning system on students who were considered at-risk of academic failure on the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) mathematics assessment. Voyager Math (VMath), an integrated learning system had been implemented to address the needs of students at-risk of…

Harris, Tina D.

2011-01-01

46

Teaching About India. A Guide for Ninth Grade Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The teaching and resource guide on India for ninth grade students is intended to supplement and enrich "Social Studies 9: Asian and African Culture." It is designed as a flexible set of suggestions for incorporating concepts, understandings, objectives, strategies, and available materials. Emphasis is upon inductive methods which encourage…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.

47

Risk factors for gang involvement among ninth-grade students: A prospective investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A sample of three hundred, ethnically diverse (54% Hispanic, 25% African American, and 21% White\\/Other) was recruited from one public high school in a large, southeastern city. Students were assessed on eight occasions during the academic year and completed self-report surveys consisting of measures of personal adjustment and behavior as well as measures of family, peer, and neighborhood environments. The

Chanequa Japhette Walker-Barnes

1999-01-01

48

Drug and risk perceptions of ninth-grade students: Sex differences and similarities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sixty-two secondary school students were observed in their classrooms over 5 weeks of intensive drug information for within-group changes in their perceptions. “Peer pressure” and “kicks” were cited as reasons for starting and using drugs; but peer pressure had relatively greater strength for girls than for boys, and curiosity increased for girls. Boys and girls differed in reasons for stopping

Stanley H. Schuman; Jane Polkowski

1975-01-01

49

Drug and risk perception on ninth-grade students: sex differences and similarities.  

PubMed

Sixty-two secondary school students were observed in their classrooms over 5 weeks of intensive drug information for within-group changes in their perceptions. "Peer pressure" and "kicks" were cited as reasons for starting and using drugs; but peer pressure had relatively greater strength for girls than for boys, and curiosity increased for girls. Boys and girls differed in reasons for stopping drugs (peer and professional help for girls, and punishment for boys). In rating the relative dangers and pleasures of marijuana and heroin, most students did not discriminate effectively between the two drugs, although ratings of marijuana dangers decreased. Unexpectedly, responses concerning the health hazards of heroin did not increase. In a situation simulating risk under peer pressure, boys chose targets as appropriate for their skill as did the girls. PMID:1149422

Schuman, S H; Polkowski, J

1975-01-01

50

Extending a Community of Care beyond the Ninth Grade: A Follow-Up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative within-site case study ("N" = 10) is a follow-up study to a 2006-2007 investigation that analyzed how 1 high school created a community of care for its ninth-grade students through the implementation of a ninth-grade transition program--Freshman Focus. All participants were interviewed again 3 years later during…

Ellerbrock, Cheryl R.; Kiefer, Sarah M.

2013-01-01

51

Evaluation of the 1996-97 Ninth Grade Restructuring Program. Area E.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ninth Grade Restructuring Program of the Detroit (Michigan) public schools was designed to restructure the ninth grade in ways that improve academic performance, develop positive attitudes toward learning, improve the school environment, reduce the dropout rate, and increase the graduation rate of students. Features of the program were…

Syropoulos, Mike

52

Evaluation of the 1996-97 Ninth Grade Restructuring Program. Area A.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ninth Grade Restructuring Program of the Detroit (Michigan) public schools was designed to restructure the ninth grade in ways that improve academic performance, develop positive attitudes toward learning, improve the school environment, reduce the dropout rate, and increase the graduation rate of students. Features of the program were…

Syropoulos, Mike

53

Evaluation of the 1996-97 Ninth Grade Restructuring Program. Area D.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ninth Grade Restructuring Program of the Detroit (Michigan) public schools was designed to restructure the ninth grade in ways that improve academic performance, develop positive attitudes toward learning, improve the school environment, reduce the dropout rate, and increase the graduation rate of students. Features of the program were…

Syropoulos, Mike

54

Evaluation of the 1996-97 Ninth Grade Restructuring Program. Area F.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ninth Grade Restructuring Program of the Detroit (Michigan) public schools was designed to restructure the ninth grade in ways that improve academic performance, develop positive attitudes toward learning, improve the school environment, reduce the dropout rate, and increase the graduation rate of students. Features of the program were…

Syropoulos, Mike

55

Evaluation of the 1996-97 Ninth Grade Restructuring Program. Area B.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ninth Grade Restructuring Program of the Detroit (Michigan) public schools was designed to restructure the ninth grade in ways that improve academic performance, develop positive attitudes toward learning, improve the school environment, reduce the dropout rate, and increase the graduation rate of students. Features of the program were…

Syropoulos, Mike

56

Within-School Variation in Teacher Quality: The Case of Ninth Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is abundant evidence that ninth grade is a critical year for students, particularly those enrolled in large urban school districts. Despite the importance of the freshman year for subsequent academic success, the existence of teacher status systems within schools suggests that ninth graders, who are traditionally viewed by teachers as…

Neild, Ruth Curran; Farley-Ripple, Elizabeth

2008-01-01

57

The Ninth Grade--A Precarious Time for the Potential Dropout. ERIC Digest No. 34.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The combined effects of many social, psychological, physical and educational factors make the ninth grade a level at which students have a high potential for dropping out of school. For those ninth graders who have already experienced attendance, discipline or academic problems the risk is even greater. A number of strategies have been developed…

Ascher, Carol

58

"Career Education" Junior High School Style: "Mini Course" for Ninth Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Alpine School District in American Fork, Utah is administering a career education program to provide positive experiences to ninth grade students in exploring various careers. The three week career education mini-course reviews some of the seventh grade curriculum and encourages students to do additional thinking and searching in the area of…

Alpine School District, American Fork, UT.

59

Where We Read from Matters: Disciplinary Literacy in a Ninth-Grade Social Studies Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four classes of ninth-grade students in an international school in East Asia used a set of web-based technology tools to evaluate two competing webpages about the Taiwan Straits. The findings highlight the ways these students developed disciplinary literacy in social studies by drawing upon cultural resources and contextual knowledge as they…

Damico, James; Baildon, Mark; Exter, Marisa; Guo, Shiau-Jing

2009-01-01

60

A Learning Activity for At-Risk Ninth through Twelfth Grade Students in Creating a Computer Generated Children's Storybook Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the development of a project designed to enable high risk high school students to acquire the skills necessary to create computer art. The project was based on a perceived need for the development of a curriculum in computer graphics that would motivate high risk students to acquire skills that could lead to a long term…

Buchholz, William

61

An Investigation of the Test-Taking Skills and Associated Thinking Processes of Ninth Grade English Language Arts Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although much is known about how students perform on standardized tests, little research exists concerning how students think and process while taking such tests. This mixed methods action research study was designed to investigate if a constructivist approach to test preparation could yield improved results for 37 English language arts freshmen…

O'Shea, Mary B.

2010-01-01

62

The effect of Newsday's science education series program on selected ninth-grade students' comprehension of science reading material  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reading is a communication process that is crucial to students in science. Printed text materials are the most widely used teacher aids in the classroom. But reading as a major focus of science instruction has been out of favor with the mainstream of science education since the late 1950s. Despite this, few would deny the value of reading skills in

Harold Friend; Sol Karsch; Shirley Siegal

1989-01-01

63

Effects of Multimedia-Based Instructional Technology on African American Ninth Grade Students' Mastery of Algebra Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urban African American students lack an abstract understanding of algebra and are below their academic level in comparison to other ethnic groups, and this is a pervasive problem (McKinney, Chappell, Berry, & Hickman, 2009). The purpose of this quantitative study using a quasi-experimental design was to determine whether the use of…

Malik, Ishan Z.

2011-01-01

64

Integrating Computers into an Interdisciplinary Ninth Grade Science-Centered Academy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practicum was designed to integrate the use of computers into the curriculum of a ninth-grade interdisciplinary science academy through staff development and a management plan dealing with division of time and space. Inservice training in the areas of computers and interdisciplinary planning were provided and a management plan for students

Murray, Marlene

65

The Construction of a Science Test for Ninth-Grade Alaska Natives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A non-verbal science test was constructed to overcome a partial language barrier. Validation was achieved through tape-recorded interviews with the examinees on each test item to determine the clarity of the item and why choices among four possible answers were made. Ninth grade students at three boarding schools conducted by the Bureau of Indian…

Stickney, Roland Francis

66

Cross-Language Transfer of Reading Ability: Evidence from Taiwanese Ninth-Grade Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How proficiency in reading the first language (L1) influences proficiency in reading in the second language (L2) was explored in this study. Reading scores in Mandarin Chinese (L1) and in English (L2) for 30,000 Taiwanese ninth-grade students were randomly selected from all who took the national Basic Competency Test during a 6-year period in…

Chuang, Hui-Kai; Joshi, R. Malatesha; Dixon, L. Quentin

2012-01-01

67

The Economic, Legal, and Political Systems in Action, #4006. Ninth Grade, Required Semester, Social Studies Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This course is designed to provide ninth grade students with a basic understanding of the U.S. political, legal, and economic systems and includes the purpose of government, the need for law within society, the framework of the U.S. legal system, the processes used by the U.S. government and citizens to accomplish goals, and the roles of…

Townsend, Kenneth; Webb, Patrick

68

Youth and the Law, #4012. Ninth Grade, Elective Semester, Social Studies Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this ninth grade elective social studies course is to acquaint students with the U.S. criminal and civil legal systems. This curriculum guide presents the course content in outline form according to the general topics of: (1) the history of U.S. law; (2) Constitutional law; and (3) civil law. Two suggested textbooks are listed, and…

Townsend, Kenneth; Webb, Patrick

69

An Analysis of Vocabulary and Comprehension Subtests of Two Standardized Tests on the Ninth Grade Level.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To determine why ninth grade students taking the "Minimum Basic Skills Test" (MBST) and the "California Achievement Test" (CAT) performed differently in relation to reading achievement, a study investigated whether the noted discrepencies in reading achievement on the tests were due to differences in vocabulary and comprehension (skills and…

Fimiani, Guy T.

70

Evaluation of the 1996-97 Ninth Grade Restructuring Program. Area C.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This evaluation of the Detroit (Michigan) public schools was designed to restructure the ninth grade in ways that improve academic performance, develop positive attitudes toward learning, improve the school environment, reduce the dropout rate, and increase the graduation rate of students. Features of the program were instructional and direct…

Syropoulos, Mike

71

The Structural Validity of the Ohio Ninth Grade Proficiency Test  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The structural validity of the Ohio Ninth Grade Proficiency Test was investigated with the test scores of 713 eighth graders who had their first opportunity to take the test in March 1999 in a large urban school district in Ohio. The study examined a hypothetical structure of the test to determine its fit to the data. Confirmatory factor analysis…

Kim, Yonghee; Loadman, William E.

2006-01-01

72

TEACHING LITERATURE AND READING SIMULTANEOUSLY, NINTH GRADE ENGLISH.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SPECIFIC STUDY MATERIALS AND A GUIDE FOR TEACHING READING COMPREHENSION AND LITERATURE ARE PRESENTED. THE STUDY MATERIALS PROVIDE FOR A WIDE RANGE OF ABILITY AND ACHIEVEMENT AND ARE APPLIED TO THE TITLES REGULARLY USED IN THE NINTH-GRADE LITERATURE PROGRAM OF THE RAMAPO CENTRAL SCHOOL DISTRICT IN SPRING VALLEY, NEW YORK. EXCERPTS FROM "THE THREAD…

KINKEAD, THOMAS; LEVINE, MILTON

73

State Report Appendix: Arizona Student Achievement Program, Spring 2001. Individual Percentile Rank Scores by School, District, County and State, Grades 1 through 9. Stanford Achievement Test, Ninth Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the 21st year of statewide student testing under the Arizona Student Achievement Program, which mandates the use of a nationally standardized norm-referenced achievement test in reading, mathematics, and language in the state's schools. In the 2000-2001 school year, students in grades 1 through 9 were tested using the Stanford Achievement…

Arizona State Dept. of Education, Phoenix.

74

The Change in Self-Image of Oglala Sioux Ninth Grade Students Through the Development and Testing of an Indian Culture Curriculum. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To enable the student to better his self-image, this project endeavors to give the student opportunity to acquire factual knowledge as well as new experience and skills. Through an integrated program of instructional materials, the 9th grade Oglala Sioux student studies the history and culture of the Oglala people on the Pine Ridge Indian…

One Feather, Vivian

75

Science standardized achievement tests: The relationship between publishers, textbook completion, admission standards and science test scores of seventh through ninth grade students in FACCS schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scaled scores from the Stanford Achievement Test Series, Tenth Edition were examined in this causal-comparative study to determine if science publishers in Florida Association of Christian Colleges and Schools (FACCS), textbook completion rates, and admission standards affect standardized test scores. Administrators from 34 schools in FACCS participated in the study by returning an original eleven-question survey instrument to help ascertain what differences or relationships affect standardized test scores. Nine Mann-Whitney tests, one for each grade level in seventh through ninth, did not reveal a significant difference on hypotheses 1a-3c. Publishers (BJ U Press, A.C.E., Glencoe, Prentice Hall), standardized tests, entrance exams, GPA, and ability index factors were reviewed in the study. The results of this study might prompt administrators to consider factors other than publisher usage, textbook completion, and admission standards when attempting to close achievement gaps.

Nix, Sharon J.

76

Tracking, Grading, and Student Motivation: Using Group Composition and Status to Predict Self-Concept and Interest in Ninth-Grade Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assigning students to different classes on the basis of their achievement levels (tracking, streaming, or ability grouping) is an extensively used strategy with widely debated consequences. The authors developed a model of the effects of tracking on self-concept and interest that integrates the opposing predictions of "assimilation" and "contrast"…

Trautwein, Ulrich; Ludtke, Oliver; Marsh, Herbert W.; Koller, Olaf; Baumert, Jurgen

2006-01-01

77

Managing the Transition to Ninth Grade in a Comprehensive Urban High School. Snapshot  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This "snapshot" illustrates how one school is managing to make a positive difference for ninth graders. It describes the Ninth Grade Success Academy, a school-within-a-school at Thomas A. Edison High School in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, which has a number of features specifically designed to help ninth-graders make successful transitions. A list…

Smith, Thomas J.

2007-01-01

78

Changes in the Occupational Values of Students between Ninth and Tenth Grade As Related to Course of Study and Other Student Characteristics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to shed additional light on the vocational development process, this study was designed to investigate the construct of work values by administering the Occupational Values Inventory (OVI) to a sample of 680 high school students. The design called for examining the relationship between selected student characteristics which appeared to be…

Kapes, Jerome T.; Lotowycz, Leo W.

79

The Effects of an Integrated Learning System (ILS) Using Incremental Time Allotments on Ninth Grade Algebra Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses integrated learning systems (ILSs) and describes a study that considered the degree of linear relationship between time spent on the ILS and outcome achievement on ninth-grade algebra students. The effects of previous math and verbal achievement and sex differences are explored, and measurement instruments are described. (Contains 14…

West, Robert Charles; Marcotte, Donald R.

1994-01-01

80

Understanding Factors That Influence Academic Performance in Tenth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines factors contributing to the poor academic performance of tenth grade high school students. Throughout my eight years teaching experience at this grade-level, the one constant from class to class and year-to year is the academic decline. This decline typically starts at the end of ninth grade, becomes obvious and serious in…

Smith, Denise

2011-01-01

81

State Report Appendix: Arizona Student Achievement Program, Spring 2000. Individual Percentile Rank Scores by School, District, County and State, Grades 2 through 11. Stanford Achievement Test, Ninth Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the 20th year of statewide student testing under the Arizona Student Achievement Program. To fulfill the requirements of the Arizona Revised Statutes, a nationally standardized norm-referenced achievement test in the subjects of reading, language arts, and mathematics was adopted and implemented in Arizona schools. For the 1999-2000 school…

Arizona State Dept. of Education, Phoenix.

82

An Analysis of the Impact of Anchored Instruction on Teaching and Learning Activities in Two Ninth-Grade Language Arts Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study involving 62 students in two inclusive ninth-grade language arts classes examined the impact of anchored instruction. Results found that as teachers increased the level and length of their questions, students reciprocated by providing higher level and longer responses to questions and asked longer and higher level questions. (Contains…

Rieth, Herbert J.; Bryant, Diane P.; Kinzer, Charles K.; Colburn, Linda K.; Hur, Suhng-June; Hartman, Paula; Choi, Hye Sung

2003-01-01

83

The Grade Nine Student Survey: Fall 1982. #173.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of ninth grade students in Toronto public schools is annually conducted to gather background information. The relationship of students' race, native country, mother tongue, family and socioeconomic status to their level of study is examined. The analysis of race shows 6.6 percent black, .9 percent Native Canadian, 14.6 percent of Asian…

Wright, E. N.; Tsuji, G. K.

84

The Delphi Technique in Identifying Learning Objectives for the Development of Science, Technology and Society Modules for Palestinian Ninth Grade Science Curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article outlines how learning objectives based upon science, technology and society (STS) elements for Palestinian ninth grade science textbooks were identified, which was part of a bigger study to establish an STS foundation in the ninth grade science curriculum in Palestine. First, an initial list of STS elements was determined. Second, using this list, ninth grade science textbooks and

Marwan M. A. Abualrob; Esther Gnanamalar Sarojini Daniel

2011-01-01

85

FOREIGN LANGUAGE BELOW THE NINTH GRADE--WHAT ARE WE DOING.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

RESULTS ARE GIVEN OF A 1965 QUESTIONNAIRE DESIGNED TO SHOW INDIANAPOLIS FOREIGN LANGUAGE PROGRAM PRACTICES BELOW THE NINTH GRADE IN COMPARISON WITH THE PRACTICES OF 46 OTHER LARGE CITIES. QUESTIONS WERE ASKED ON (1) LANGUAGES TAUGHT, (2) LEVEL AT WHICH LANGUAGE STUDY IS BEGUN, (3) PROGRAM CONTINUITY, (4) PUPIL PARTICIPATION, (5) HOW TIME FOR…

ALLEN, EDITH M.

86

What Upper-Grade Students Think about School Government  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An adolescent's attitude toward school government clearly reflects certain negative aspects that have to do with his/her alienation from the social life of the school. This article has been based on materials of a 2005 sociological survey of students in the ninth and eleventh grades of schools in the city of Moscow (n = 2,105). The aim of the…

Sobkin, V. S.; Nikolashina, E. V.

2008-01-01

87

The Effectiveness of the New 9th Grade Biology Curriculum on Students' Environmental Awareness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a new 9th grade biology curriculum on students' environmental awareness. Participants included 91 ninth grade students in a high school in Balikesir during the spring semester of the 2008-2009 academic years. Two classrooms, including 22 and 24 students respectively, were randomly assigned…

Cetin, Gulcan; Nisanci, Seda Hilal

2010-01-01

88

Using "History Matters" with a Ninth Grade Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When there is a limit on the amount of information available in a classroom, the students need to depend on the teacher as the master of information. Conversely, when accurate information is widely available, conveniently organized, and easily accessed, then the nature of the learning that takes place can resemble more what the AHA now advocates:…

Kobrin, David

2001-01-01

89

Urban ninth-grade girls interactions with and outcomes from a design-oriented physics project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Past literature has documented a shrinking but persistent gap in physics and engineering for females, both in school and in the workforce. A commonly recommended strategy to invite girls into science at the school level is to have students work on design-projects in groups, which has been shown to increase all students' learning outcomes and attitudes towards science. Students (n=28) in a ninth-grade inner-city physics class participated in such a project, in which they built remotely operated underwater vehicles (ROV's) over the course of one month. Students (n=23) in a comparison classroom learned the same content using the Active Physics curriculum during the same time frame. Mixed methods were used to study the ROV classroom. Students in both classes were given pre- and post-physics content tests. Qualitative data collected during the project included field notes, video, and teacher interviews. Macro-level data analysis was done, which informed further micro-analysis. Macro-analysis revealed significantly higher learning outcomes for the ROV class than for the non-ROV class. Within the ROV class, girls, and in particular, girls in female-majority groups had increased learning outcomes and high levels of interest and engagement with the project, while girls in mixed-sex and male-majority groups did not. Qualitative macro-analysis revealed that in all of the female-majority groups, females took leadership roles within the groups, while in all of the non female-majority groups, males took leadership roles. The only groups in which girls completely disengaged from the project were mixed-sex or male majority groups. Case studies and cross case analysis suggested that girls foregrounded group process over product, and used the level of group unity as a metric of the groups' success. Groups led by girls were more cooperative and exhibited distributed leadership and participation. These findings were interpreted through lenses of expectation states theory and social interdependence theory. This study suggests that the commonly recommended non-sexist strategy of using hands-on group work can be positive, but should be undertaken with conscious attention to group dynamics.

Higginbotham, Thomas Eric Miksad

90

Grading Students in Inclusive Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article offers guidelines for determining equitable, accountable, and effective grading practices and policies for all students that balance the need for a common set of standards and the individual needs of the students. Purposes of grading, grading systems, and effective instructional practices that support grading processes are discussed.…

Salend, Spencer J.; Duhaney, Laurel M. Garrick

2002-01-01

91

Detracked Ninth-Grade English: Apprenticeship for the Work and World of High School and Beyond  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, I argue that 9th-grade English can be a fertile environment for demonstrating that students who come to high school with diverse skill levels and from racially and socioeconomically diverse communities can learn with and from each other. It is not enough, however, that the 9th-grade English teacher believes that all students can…

Cone, Joan Kernan

2006-01-01

92

Closing the science achievement gap for ninth grade English learners through standards- and inquiry-based science instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In light of the need to close the achievement gap among our culturally and linguistically diverse students, more specifically the Hispanics and the Hispanic English Learners (ELs), the effects of teacher professional development (2 year PD vs. 1 Year PD vs. no PD) on the implementation of a standards-aligned and inquiry-based science curriculum program---the Integrated Coordinated Science for the 21st Century published by It's About Time, Inc. (ICS-IAT)---on the LAUSD ninth graders science scores were examined. Participants included 8,937 9th grade students (7,356 Hispanics). The primary outcome measurement was scaled scores from the California Standard Test (CST) in Integrated Coordinated Science (CST_ICS1). Correlations between California English Language Development Test (CELDT) component subscores (reading, listening and speaking) and CST scores were also examined. Results indicated that the science scores of the students of teachers who participated in two year PD were significantly higher compared to the scores of students of the one year PD group and the control group. The results show that all ethnic groups benefited from two years of teacher PD, except the African American group. Among Hispanics, students classified as IFEP, RFEP and EO gained from the teachers having two years of professional development. But the target population, ELs did not benefit from two years of teacher PD. The correlations between the CELDT and CST_ELA were much higher than the CELDT and CST_ICS1 correlations. This finding validates Abedi's claim (2004) that EL students are disadvantaged because of their language handicap on tests that have a greater language load. Two year PD participation significantly enhanced the accessibility of science to the ninth graders. The essential features in the PD were classroom simulation of all the activities identified in the storyboard with the actual and correct use of needed equipment and materials; creation and presentation of sample or model Chapter Challenges; practice on the use of the storyboard; facilitation of activity debriefs using a debrief template; and the use and practice of identified strategies and scaffoldings targeting ELs. Three innovations developed by the LAUSD-ICS Leadership Team also were introduced in the PD sessions. They are the storyboard, "cartoon analysis" and debrief template.

Estrada, Myrna Hipol

93

Alternatives to Grading Student Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The result of an investigation into the grading writing by the National Council of Teachers of English Committee on Alternatives to Grading Student Writing, this collection of essays offers the writing teacher several innovative and interesting options. Following an introduction by the editor (chair of the Committee), in which he delineates the…

Tchudi, Stephen, Ed.

94

Intercultural and Religious Sensitivity of Finnish Lutheran 7 th - 9th Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study presented a 29-item Intercultural and Religious Sensitivity Scale Questionnaire (IRSSQ) that is based on the Bennett's (1993) Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS). Psychometric properties of the IRSS were tested with an empirical sample of 249 seventh, eighth and ninth grade students of the Finnish comp rehensive school attending Lutheran religious education. Two research questions were examined: 1)

Kristiina Holm; Petri Nokelainen; Kirsi Tirri

95

Pre-Vocational Curriculum (Career Education) for 9th and 10th Grade Levels. (Student Study Guide).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This student guide consists of 17 units of study for use in a prevocational career education course geared toward ninth and tenth grade students. Covered in the individual lessons are the following topics: assessing personal interests, using the Dictionary of Occupational Titles, identifying occupational choices, identifying vocational and…

Arman, Ruby L.; Arman, Mohammad R.

96

Exposing the Essay: A Study of Ninth Graders and Expository Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This thesis uses empirical research in order to understand effective strategies for successfully teaching of the expository essay to ninth grade students. Five focal areas are studied for targeted intervention in order to discover best practices for maximizing student learning of the essay format. The study hypothesizes that in order for ninth

Evensen, Sarah Charlotte

2008-01-01

97

Grading of Student's Attainment: Purposes and Functions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the history of grading and discusses the complex problem of evaluation and grading of student achievement. Reviews the various reference measures and notes the type of functions grades are supposed to serve. Cites seven alternatives to traditional grading. Concludes that "grades are the tail that wags the dog." (BRR)

Lysne, Anders

1984-01-01

98

Water: How Good is Good Enough? Student Book. Science Module (9th-10th Grade Chemistry). Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This learning module is designed to integrate environmental education into ninth- and tenth-grade chemistry classes. This module and a companion social studies module were pilot tested in Gwinnett County, Georgia in classes of students, many of whom had learning disabilities. It emphasizes activity learning. The module is divided into four parts.…

Georgia Univ., Athens. Coll. of Education.

99

ORAL-AURAL-VISUAL STIMULI APPROACH TO TEACHING WRITTEN COMPOSITION TO 9TH GRADE STUDENTS. FINAL REPORT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS STUDY INVESTIGATED THE EFFECT OF CERTAIN ORAL-AURAL-VISUAL (OAV) STIMULI PROCEDURES ON DEVELOPMENT OF ACHIEVEMENT IN WRITTEN COMPOSITION (AND OTHER ENGLISH SKILLS) OF NINTH-GRADE STUDENTS IN BURRIS LABORATORY SCHOOL, BALL STATE UNIVERSITY. THE STUDY WAS BASED ON THE ASSUMPTION THAT THE PROFICIENT WRITER SAYS AND HEARS AT A SUB-VOCAL LEVEL…

MILLER, EBERT L.; TOVATT, ANTHONY L.

100

Grading Adaptations for Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues surround grading for all students, especially those with disabilities, who are at increased risk for grades that are low, inaccurate, and lacking in meaning. Teachers often recognize grading issues and will exercise judgment in making informal adaptations to the regular grading system. When chosen collaboratively and implemented…

Silva, Melissa; Munk, Dennis D.; Bursuck, William D.

2005-01-01

101

College Course Grades for Dual Enrollment Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared college course grade outcomes, both during and after high school, of dual-enrollment students to those of traditional students. The study was based on a large, multiyear sample of Iowa high school and community college students. The results showed that while in high school, dual-enrollment students consistently outperformed…

Crouse, Jill D.; Allen, Jeff

2014-01-01

102

Elementary Grades Students' Capacity for Functional Thinking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a study of how urban elementary grades students develop and express functions. Data were analyzed according to the forms of representations students used, the progression in students' mathematical language and the operations they employed, and how they attended to one or more varying quantities. Findings indicate that students are capable…

Blanton, Maria L.; Kaput, James J.

2004-01-01

103

Graduate Student Attitudes toward Grading Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined graduate student attitudes towards letter and pass/fail grading systems in the Law School and the School of Education in a selective university in the United States. Fifty-four students completed a questionnaire on goal orientations (ability comparison vs. mastery), amount of effort and stress in each of the two grading

Michaelides, Michalis; Kirshner, Ben

2005-01-01

104

Teacher Evaluation by Graded and Ungraded Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluations of the same 64 teachers by graded students in college agreed with evaluations by ungraded students. This agreement suggests that teacher evaluations were not simply a response to grades, although they were positively associated with them, both within and across teachers. (Author/CP)

Peterson, Christopher; Cooper, Alvan

1980-01-01

105

The Use of Ninth-Grade Early Warning Indicators to Improve Chicago Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chicago has been in the forefront of the country in its use of 9th-grade indicators of dropout. Catalyzed by the development of the freshman on-track indicator and research around it, Chicago school administrators, central office personnel, and external partners have developed a number of mechanisms using 9th-grade indicators to stimulate school…

Allensworth, Elaine

2013-01-01

106

The Effect of Concept Mazes in a Ninth Grade Language Arts Classroom. Technical Report # 20  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effectively teaching low-achieving and learning disabled students is challenging. Concept-based instruction is recognized as a particularly effective technique for helping students in these populations attain high levels of achievement (Tindal, Nolet, & Blake, 1992). The maze (a reading selection where certain words have been deleted and students

Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald

2003-01-01

107

Does Study Abroad Grading Motivate Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic officers at U.S. colleges and universities face a number of important decisions regarding how credits and grades earned overseas as part of a study abroad program should be incorporated into students' home academic records. The purpose of this article is to take a closer look at the way grades are handled at home institutions and the way…

Trooboff, Stevan; Cressey, William; Monty, Susan

2004-01-01

108

Correlates of College Students' Attitudes toward Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the development of the Attitude Toward Grades (ATG) survey instrument, a brief internally consistent measure of college student attitude toward grades and reports on selected behavioral correlates of that attitude. An initial item pool of approximately 50 attitude statements was created and the Thurstone equal appearing…

Bahn, Changhwan; And Others

109

Supporting Young Adolescents' Middle-to-High-School Transition by Creating a Ninth Grade Community of Care: Implications for Middle Grades Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The middle-to-high-school transition and the first year of high school are critical periods in students' lives. According to the Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), "The passage of students from the middle grades to high school is the most difficult transition point in education" (2002, p. 24). Although there are many…

Ellerbrock, Cheryl R.; Kiefer, Sarah M.

2014-01-01

110

Exploring the efficacy of electronic response devices in ninth-grade science classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Student use of electronic response technology has been prevalent in postsecondary institutions and is beginning to penetrate K--12 classroom settings. Despite these trends, research exploring the impact of this technology in these settings has been limited. The extant research has relied heavily on survey methodologies and largely has focused on student\\/teacher perception or implementation practices while remaining silent on learning

John A. Dey Jr.

2009-01-01

111

Developmental Trajectories of Proactive and Reactive Aggression from Fifth to Ninth Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the developmental trajectories of proactive and reactive aggression from 5th to 9th grade in a sample of 126 children (66% male) screened to be in the top 31% on a measure of aggression. Prospective relations between proactive and reactive aggression and delinquency were also examined. Findings suggested that levels of both…

Fite, Paula J.; Colder, Craig R.; Lochman, John E.; Wells, Karen C.

2008-01-01

112

Developing Middle Grades Students' MP3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Middle grades are a critical time for capturing the interest and imagination and developing the potential of mathematically promising students. This is a time for students to make sense of mathematics, build a solid foundation and enthusiasm, and set the course for the highest levels of mathematics in the future. This is a time to explore their…

Tassell, Janet; Stobaugh, Rebecca; Sheffield, Linda

2011-01-01

113

AMTC: Assessing Motivation To Communicate in the Ninth Grade Speech Class.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the results of the use of the "Assessing Motivation To Communicate" (AMTC) computerized program with high school students in Anchorage, Alaska, during the 1995-96 school year. The AMTC consists of two self-assessment instruments: the Personal Report of Communication (PRCA-24) and the Willingness to Communicate (WTC). Four…

Fenton, Ray

114

Effects of Cooperative Learning on Students' Understanding of Metallic Bonding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study focused on investigating the effectiveness of instruction via newly developed teaching materials based on cooperative learning when compared to a traditional approach, on ninth grade students' understanding of metallic bonding. Fifty-seven ninth grade science students from two science classes in the same high school participated…

Acar, Burcin; Tarhan, Leman

2008-01-01

115

A comparison of content-based and context-based teaching on ninth-grade mathematics achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine if an experimental context-based delivery format for mathematics would be more effective than a traditional model for increasing the performance in mathematics of at-risk students in a public high school of choice, as evidenced by significant gains in achievement on the standards-based Mathematics subtest of the FCAT and final academic grades in

Charlene Lynn Olicker

2005-01-01

116

Evaluating and Reporting Student Progress. Grade 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a result of the emphasis on accountability in education, the faculty of Colonel E. Brooke Lee Junior High School wrote basic and advanced instructional objectives for each course in the curriculum. This publication lists these performance objectives for each subject at grade 9. The purpose of such a system is to give parents and students an…

Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD.

117

Evaluating and Reporting Student Progress. Grade 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a result of the emphasis on accountability in education, the faculty of Colonel E. Brooke Lee Junior High School wrote basic and advanced instructional objectives for each course in the curriculum. This publication lists these performance objectives for each subject at grade 8. The purpose of such a system is to give parents and students an…

Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD.

118

Evaluating and Reporting Student Progress. Grade 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a result of the emphasis on accountability in education, the faculty of Colonel E. Brooke Lee Junior High School wrote basic and advanced instructional objectives for each course in the curriculum. This publication lists these performance objectives for each subject at grade 7. The purpose of such a system is to give parents and students an…

Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD.

119

Negotiating new literacies in science: An examination of at-risk and average-achieving ninth-grade readers' online reading comprehension strategies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In today's digital world the Internet is becoming an increasingly predominant resource for science information, rapidly eclipsing the traditional science textbook in content area classrooms (Lawless & Schrader, 2008). The shift challenges researchers, educators, administrators, and policy makers to reconsider what it means to read and comprehend online science information. The research on digital literacy is still in its infancy and little is known about the strategies and processes students use when reading science content on the Internet. Even less is known about how at-risk readers comprehend digital science content. Therefore, this study addresses three research questions: (1) What strategies and processes do at-risk and average-achieving readers use as they locate information and generate meaning from science websites? (2) What navigational profiles emerge as at-risk and average-achieving readers construct traversals (unique online paths of information) they locate information and generate meaning from science websites? (3) What individual characteristics influenced students' strategies as they locate information and generate meaning from science websites? Participants were six ninth-grade students in general education biology classrooms. Three were average-achieving readers and three were at-risk readers based on assessments of reading comprehension in traditional print-based texts. The students engaged in a three-day research project about the rainforest biome, locating information online, taking notes, and constructing an information brochure about the rainforest for peers. Data measures prior to and during the research included an Internet use survey, verbal protocols, screen captures of online activity, oral reading fluency assessments, and prior knowledge and topic engagement surveys. Quantitative descriptive and univariate analyses as well as qualitative abductive coding were employed over multiple phases to analyze the data. First, the results suggest that students employed a variety of online reading comprehension strategies in complex and dynamic ways. Among the many strategies revealed, the group of self-regulatory strategies (planning, predicting, monitoring, and evaluating) played a significant role, influencing students' use of all other strategies for locating and generating meaning from science websites. Second, the results also suggested that patterns of strategy use could be examined as unique navigational profiles. Rather than remaining fixed, the navigational profiles of each student altered in response to tasks and research methods. Importantly, all at-risk readers revealed more effective navigational profiles on Day 3 when they were forced by design of the task to attend to project goals and employ more self-regulatory strategies. Third, the results revealed that traditional reading comprehension strategies and prior knowledge of the rainforest also influenced online reading comprehension. Specifically, the at-risk readers with the lowest reading comprehension, oral reading fluency, and prior knowledge scores were more likely than the average-achieving readers to encounter issues in online texts that resulted in constructing ineffective traversals, or online reading paths, and spending significant time investing in online reading that was irrelevant to the research project. Ultimately, this study advanced the understanding about online reading comprehension for average-achieving and at-risk readers in science classrooms, contributing to a gap in the research, suggesting implications for practice, and promoting future research questions.

Sevensma, Kara

120

Cross-Grade Comparison of Students' Understanding of Energy Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aims of this cross-grade study were (1) to determine the level of understanding of energy concepts of students at different academic grades and the differences in understanding between these grades and (2) to analyse the conceptual development of these students. Two hundred and forty-three students at 3 different levels (high school,…

Saglam-Arslan, Aysegul

2010-01-01

121

Grading Written Projects: What Approaches Do Students Find Most Helpful?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conscientious marketing faculty spend extensive hours grading student essays and projects. As instructors work on grading papers, they may wonder how effective their comments are. The author explored how students in a marketing principles class reported their use of various grading methods. Students generally preferred rubrics with ratings and…

Smith, Lois J.

2008-01-01

122

Student Ideas: What Is an Environment?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author investigated students' ideas about what defines an environment and how these ideas change across grade level and educational experience. A total of 81 students were sampled: 18 seventh graders, 20 eighth graders, and 24 ninth graders from general biology, and 19 ninth graders from college preparatory biology. The environments task was a…

Shepardson, Daniel P.

2005-01-01

123

Effects of Readers Theatre on fluency, content mastery, motivation and gender with 9th grade biology students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study determined the effects of Readers Theatre when used with ninth grade biology students. The independent variable was the intervention of Readers Theatre and the dependent variables were fluency (reading rate and prosody), composite (vocabulary and content) science scores and student motivation, using both quantitative and qualitative research methods. This study also examined the outcomes by gender, but only in the outcome variable of science composite score. An exploratory analysis examined class type (college preparatory and general) and PSSA reading level (below basic, basic, proficient and advanced) for each dependent variable. Four ninth grade college preparatory biology classrooms and three general biology classes participated. The students involved are from a suburban school district located in the eastern portion of Pennsylvania. Outcomes were analyzed separately by using an ANCOVA. Posttest scores were the dependent variable and pretest scores were the covariate. Using qualitative methodology, participants' questionnaire responses were analyzed to supplement quantitative results and to explore trends in motivation. Significant increases were found in words per minute and prosody in the area of prosody, general classes benefited to a larger extent than college preparatory classes. No significance was found in science composite, vocabulary or content test scores. Indications from students and teachers questionnaires were that Readers Theatre is a motivational technique. In this study, Readers Theater was proven to increase both fluency and prosody, while being motivating to the biology students.

Purdy, Jill E.

124

An Examination on the Impact of School Grade Configuration on Eighth Grade Student Academic Achievement In Reading, Writing, and Math  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research effort was to examine the impact of grade configuration on eighth grade student achievement in Math, Reading, and Writing. The quantitative research design used publicly available data and studied the 2000 through 2007 Arizona standards-based, eighth grade student test results across six grade configurations for all Arizona eighth grade students. Additional variables included student gender,

Joyce Lutrey

2008-01-01

125

Implications of the Effects of Grade Configurations on Fifth Grade Students' Science Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine if grade level configuration and student achievement in science, specifically fifth grade Science TAKS scores are related. This study utilized a causal comparative (ex post facto) design to determine if a consistent relationship existed between fifth grade students' success on the science TAKS at the…

Johnson, Delonda

2011-01-01

126

Grade Level Retention of Texas Students, 1996-97 Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report looks at student retention in Texas over a 4-year period, beginning with the 1993-94 school year. Grade-level retention is typically defined as having a student repeat an unsuccessful grade or holding back a child not developmentally ready to enter school. The information is analyzed by grade, ethnicity, and gender, as well as other…

Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Research and Evaluation.

127

College Students' Evaluations of Teaching and Grade Inflation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined whether the use of student evaluations of teaching effectiveness has been a contributing factor to a trend of grade inflation in a mid-sized, public university in the Midwest. Found a predictive relationship between student ratings of teaching and expected grades and an encouragement over time of grade inflation. (EV)

Eiszler, Charles F.

2002-01-01

128

The Effect of Various Grading Scales on Student Grade Point Averages  

PubMed Central

Objective. To investigate changes in and the impact of grading scales from 2005 to 2010 and explore pharmacy faculty and student perceptions of whole-letter and plus/minus grading scales on cumulative grade point averages (GPAs) in required courses. Methods. Grading scales used in 2010 at the University of Cincinnati College of Pharmacy were retrospectively identified and compared to those used in 2005. Mean GPA was calculated using a whole-letter grading scale and a plus/minus grading scale to determine the impact of scales on GPA. Faculty members and students were surveyed regarding their perceptions of plus/minus grading. Results. Nine unique grading scales were used throughout the curriculum, including plus/minus (64%) and whole-letter (21%) grading scales. From 2005 to 2010 there was transition from use of predominantly whole-letter scales to plus/minus grading scales. The type of grading scale used did not affect the mean cumulative GPA. Students preferred use of a plus-only grading scale while faculty members preferred use of a plus/minus grading scale. Conclusions. The transition from whole-letter grading to plus/minus grading in courses from 2005 to 2010 reflects pharmacy faculty members’ perception that plus/minus grading allows for better differentiation between students’ performances.

Barnes, Kelli D.

2012-01-01

129

Teacher Effects on Minority and Disadvantaged StudentsGrade 4 Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors examined the differential effects of teachers on female, minority, and low-socioeconomic status (SES) students’ achievement in Grade 4. They used data from a randomized experiment (Project STAR) and its follow-up study (LBS). Student outcomes included Grade 4 SAT scores in mathematics, reading, and science and student demographics included gender, race, and SES. The authors used multilevel models to

Spyros Konstantopoulos; Vicki Chung

2011-01-01

130

Cognitive Dissonance or Revenge? Student Grades and Course Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I tested 2 competing theories to explain the connection between students' expected grades and ratings of instructors: cognitive dissonance and revenge. Cognitive dissonance theory holds that students who expect poor grades rate instructors poorly to minimize ego threat whereas the revenge theory holds that students rate instructors poorly in an…

Maurer, Trent W.

2006-01-01

131

Seventh grade students' conceptions of global warming and climate change  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate seventh grade students' conceptions of global warming and climate change. The study was descriptive in nature and involved the collection of qualitative data from 91 seventh grade students from three different schools in the Midwest, USA. An open response and draw and explain assessment instrument was administered to students. These data were

Daniel P. Shepardson; Dev Niyogi; Soyoung Choi; Umarporn Charusombat

2009-01-01

132

Investigation of Fifth Grade Students' Mathematical Calibration Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to develop a scale to measure fifth grade students' mathematical calibration skills. Besides, it aims to determine students' calibration skills through this scale. Results of the study revealed that fifth-grade students (n = 94) enrolling to study, have a medium-high level of (M = 55.12, SD = 21.76) mathematical…

Ozsoy, Gokhan

2012-01-01

133

Science Teaching Methods Preferred by Grade 9 Students in Finland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students find science relevant to society, but they do not find school science interesting. This survey study analyzes Finnish grade 9 students' actual experiences with science teaching methods and their preferences for how they would like to study science. The survey data were collected from 3,626 grade 9 students (1,772 girls and 1,832 boys)…

Juuti, Kalle; Lavonen, Jari; Uitto, Anna; Byman, Reijo; Meisalo, Veijo

2010-01-01

134

Improving Ninth Graders' Algebra Achievement--The Key to Future Success in Mathematics and Science--Through an Intensive Workshop Intervention Experience. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this project was to significantly affect algebra achievement, attitudes toward mathematics and science, course selection, and career aspirations of a minimum of 48 ninth-grade female students. These students were identified by high school teachers as being one or more of the following: a hard-working student unable to grasp material in…

McGlone, Virginia

135

Do Student Growth Scores Measure Academic Growth?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated convergent validity evidence for student growth scores with high school course grades. The Measures of Academic Progress and Educational Planning and Assessment System growth scores for approximately 1,800 ninth-grade students over 2 years were related to language, arts, and mathematics course grades for developmental,…

Pomplun, Mark R.

2009-01-01

136

Self-Perceived Levels of Responsibility in Seventh Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, conducted at Churchill Junior High School in Royal Oak, Michigan, examined the effectiveness of the Student Responsibility Profile (SRP)and investigated the attitudes of eighth grade students and teachers toward the SRP. The profile allows staff members to evaluate student responsibility performance in 10 areas and allows students to…

Martello, Chris

137

Students' Distress over Grades: Entitlement or a Coping Response?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Faculties across disciplines have noted an increasing number of students who are highly distressed over grades, and this distress is accompanied by pervasive demands on professors. The student behavior takes several forms, including demands for higher grades, expectations of special accommodations by faculty, and the predictions of dire outcomes…

Baer, Judith C.

2011-01-01

138

Investigating Urban Eighth-Grade Students' Knowledge of Energy Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated urban eighth-grade students' knowledge of energy resources and associated issues including energy acquisition, energy generation, storage and transport, and energy consumption and conservation. A 39 multiple-choice-item energy resources knowledge assessment was completed by 1043 eighth-grade students in urban schools in two…

Bodzin, Alec

2012-01-01

139

Omani Twelfth Grade Students' Most Common Misconceptions in Chemistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study, undertaken in the Sultanate of Oman, explored twelfth grade students' common misconceptions in seven chemistry conceptual areas. The sample included 786 twelfth grade students in Oman while the instrument was a two-tier test called Chemistry Misconceptions Diagnostic Test (CMDT), consisting of 25 items with 12 items…

Al-Balushi, Sulaiman M.; Ambusaidi, Abdullah K.; Al-Shuaili, Ali H.; Taylor, Neil

2012-01-01

140

Grade Level Retention of Texas Students. 1994-95 Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Texas Education Code requires the Texas Education Agency to submit a comprehensive biennial report on the number of students retained in grade level in the Texas public school system. This report presents a summary of the literature on the effects of grade level retention on the academic, social, and psychological development of students,…

Texas Education Agency, Austin.

141

Fifth Grade Elementary Students' Conceptions of Earthquakes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study intends to investigate the fifth grade students' conceptions of earthquakes. Twenty two grade 5 students (11-12 years old) from five different elementary schools in Istanbul voluntarily participated in the study. Data were collected from semi-structured interviews with each participant. Six interview questions were designed by…

Savasci, Funda; Uluduz, Hatice

2013-01-01

142

Solving Graphics Problems: Student Performance in Junior Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors investigated the performance of 172 Grade 4 students (9 to 10 years) over 12 months on a 36-item test that comprised items from 6 distinct graphical languages (e.g., maps) commonly used to convey mathematical information. Results revealed (a) difficulties in Grade 4 students' capacity to decode a variety of graphics, (b) significant…

Lowrie, Tom; Diezmann, Carmel M.

2007-01-01

143

Grading Mainstreamed Handicapped Students. Position Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The position paper of the Grand Island, Nebraska, schools supports the assumption that when a pupil's handicap affects his ability to learn and perform, appropriate special education should include guidelines for special grading. The paper identifies grading obstacles such as differing perceptions of various participants in the grading process.…

Shanks, Robert D., Jr., Ed.

144

A Study of the Effect of the Implementation of the Plus/Minus Grading System on Graduate Student Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzed grades for over 8,000 master's students to determine whether or not there were differences in grading patterns between the A, B, C, D, and F grading system and the new plus/minus grading system. Also studied faculty attitudes on the new grading system. Findings included that grade point averages declined slightly, especially in some…

Malone, Bobby G.; Nelson, Jacquelyn S.; Nelson, C. Van

2002-01-01

145

Industrial Education. Drafting. [Grade 9].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a series of curriculum guides dealing with industrial education in junior high schools, this guide provides a course on drafting to be used in the ninth grade. Thirteen goals are identified for the students to demonstrate: (1) a knowledge of the relationship between drafting and the work of designers, engineers, and architects; (2) an…

Parma City School District, OH.

146

The Structure and Culture of Information Pathways: Rethinking Opportunity to Learn in Urban High Schools during the Ninth Grade Transition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite efforts to bridge the racial achievement gap, far too many school children continue to fare poorly in our nation's public schools. Oftentimes urban and low income students are negatively labeled as low-achieving, disadvantaged, and struggling. Because of this, such students frequently receive inferior or deficient information from school…

Cooper, Robert; Liou, Daniel D.

2007-01-01

147

Equinox. A Model for the Natural Science Education Curriculum for the Ninth Through Twelfth Grades in the Delaware Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication represents a model for the Natural Science Education Curriculum for grades nine through twelve in Delaware's schools. This guide is meant to serve as a minimal standard for natural science education, but at the same time strives for maximum output of the natural science program. The guide is based on the processes of science…

Baker, Thomas M.; Reiher, John F.

148

Creating Sacred Places for Students in Grades 9-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide attempts to help teachers of American Indian students in grades 9-12 provide a culturally relevant education that takes place in the regular classroom, includes content related to Indian students' lives, makes students proud, expands to other experiences, and enhances learning. Creating sacred places means responding appropriately to…

Fox, Sandra J.

149

What Makes the Grade? Faculty and Student Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study extended the work of White and Dunlap (1999) by quantifying faculty views regarding the relative effects performance and effort should have on final grades and by comparing faculty views with student views to assess their similarity. Survey results of 159 students and 59 faculty indicated that students believed effort should influence…

Adams, Jeffrey B.

2005-01-01

150

Seventh Grade Students' Mental Models of the Greenhouse Effect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This constructivist study investigates 225 student drawings and explanations from three different schools in the midwest in the US, to identify seventh grade students' mental models of the greenhouse effect. Five distinct mental models were derived from an inductive analysis of the content of the students' drawings and explanations: Model 1, a…

Shepardson, Daniel P.; Choi, Soyoung; Niyogi, Dev; Charusombat, Umarporn

2011-01-01

151

All Together Now? College Students' Preferred Project Group Grading Procedures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three hundred sixty undergraduate students were randomly assigned to evaluate 1 of 12 versions of a hypothetical college syllabus from a course in which student project groups were used. As hypothesized, students reported the highest course-enrollment intentions and most positive perceptions of the group grading procedure when both individual and group performance on the group project was evaluated. In addition,

Jody R. Hoffman; Steven G. Rogelberg

2001-01-01

152

Predicting Eighth-Grade Algebra Students with Individualized Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the extent to which student performance and teacher perception of student performance affect placement in eighth-grade mathematics classes for students with disabilities. Authors used the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study--Kindergarten dataset to investigate how each of the following factors predicted placement in…

Faulkner, Valerie N.; Crossland, Cathy L.; Stiff, Lee V.

2013-01-01

153

Improving Grade One Students' Reading Motivation with Online Electronic Storybooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study stemmed from a concern of the perceived decline in students' reading motivation after the early years of schooling. The current research explored eight grade 1 students' experiences with online electronic storybooks (eBooks). Eight students were given ten 25-minute sessions with the software programs over 15 weeks.…

Ciampa, Katia

2012-01-01

154

Exploring Student Understanding of Grades and Report Cards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study was designed to identify how students from a single high school in the rural Midwest perceive grades and report cards. Stratified purposeful random sampling resulted in the inclusion of 14 students who provided journal entries and participated in one-on-one interviews for the purpose of exploring student understanding of…

Gwidt, Kathleen M.

2010-01-01

155

Minicourses for Deaf Students in the Intermediate Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A minicourse program with students from grades four through eight at the Oregon State School for the Deaf has been rewarding for teachers and students by serving to develop skills in immediate practical areas of the student's experience as well as in developing recreational skills and interests in such activities as chess, mime, and karate, and…

Anderson, Peter E.; Shepard, Charlotte H.

1977-01-01

156

Teaching About the People's Republic of China: A Guide for Ninth Grade Social Studies, Part 2. How Daily Life Reflects the Message.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, part 2 of a two-part publication, contains resource units on life today in China which can be used with 9th-grade students. The materials and activities, gathered by American secondary-school teachers who visited China in 1973, are intended to provide a pattern for an elective course or supplementary material for regular social studies…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.

157

Predictors of Risk for Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Ninth Grade Urban High School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined risk factors associated with acquisition of sexually transmitted diseases (STD) among adolescents. Found that demographic factors were associated with being sexually experienced, but few demographics were associated with specific STD-related risk behaviors. Knowledge was not associated with any risk behaviors. Use of alcohol and drugs was…

Boyer, Cherrie B.; Tschann, Jeanne M.; Shafer, Mary-Ann

1999-01-01

158

Introduction to Vocations: Career Exploration Curriculum Guides for Ninth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These career exploration curriculum guides are designed to provide infusion activities for entry-level academic courses at the high school level. Guides are provided for the areas of art, English, foreign language, mathematics, biological science, physical science, and social studies. Each guide is related to an occupational cluster and specific…

Morgan, Bruce; And Others

159

Grades That Show What Students Know  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to cure the ills of current grading and reporting systems, many schools and districts across the United States have attempted to implement a standards-based system. The authors recommend four best practices in this area: (1) Get rid of the omnibus grade, which tells teachers little about the content measured or the difficulty level of…

Marzano, Robert J.; Heflebower, Tammy

2011-01-01

160

Comparison between teacher grading and student self-grading in different modules of agronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The adaptation of the Universities to European Higher Education Area (EHEA) involves changes in the learning system. Students must obtain specific capabilities in the different degrees or masters. For example, in the degree of Agronomy at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (Spain), they must command mathematics, English informatics or crop production. Moreover, students must attain personal skills such as leadership, team work, a critical spirit and a social, environmental and ethical commitment with the environment and the society. A way to evaluate the critical spirit of the students is to compare the grade obtained in a specific module with the grade that the students think he should get. The aim of this work is to evaluate the differences between teacher and student grading in different subjects related to soil science in different degrees and masters courses at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid.

Méndez, A.; Paz-Ferreiro, J.; Guerrero, F.; Gascó, J. M.; Saá, A.; Tarquis, A. M.; Gascó, G.

2012-04-01

161

Standards-based grading with voice: Listening for students' understanding  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Standards-based grading is gaining popularity at the high school level, including physics courses. The basic notion is to give your students a list of objectives upfront that they need to master. Students can reassess often and their final grade is determined solely by their last reassessment on each standard. It is the instructor's job to help students find ways of showing their mastery to you. I implemented this in a junior-level mechanics course where the small numbers allowed me to introduce a novel twist: all assessments had to include the student's voice. This meant that students turned in pencasts, screencasts, and in-person assessments. Several days were also set aside for collaborative oral assessments, where students offered up honest advice and scores were mutually determined. In this paper, I'll share my experience trying out this pedagogical experiment and try to convey how it has improved my own understanding of my students' understanding.

Rundquist, Andy

2012-05-15

162

Multivariate Analyses of Student Response Profiles--Across Countries and Gender  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Phase one of the IEA Civic Study was designed for fourteen-year-old students. In Denmark this included students from the eighth and ninth grades although civics is not part of the required curriculum until grade nine. Students' answers to questions concerning civic knowledge were collected together with information related to student attitudes,…

Allerup, Peter

2003-01-01

163

Life experience of sixth-grade students in analog domains of sixth-grade science textbooks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study was conducted to determine if analog domains in sixth grade science textbooks were common to the life experience of sixth grade students and if experience differed according to moderating variables. The researcher reviewed three sixth grade general science textbooks and selected analogies that were unsupported by extended text, photos, or diagrams. Analogies were limited to ones which were unsupported because the intent was to identify students who were ready by virtue of life experience to confront analogies unaided by contextual clues. The researcher designed the Life Experiences in Analog Domains (LEAD) Questionnaire to survey students in 50 analog domains. Subjects of the study were 331 sixth grade students from an urban school district. Thirty were tested with the instrument one year later. Data on age, gender, ethnicity and income were analyzed for variance. Standardized achievement test scores were correlated to the LEAD Questionnaire. Results revealed sharp contrasts of experience by analog domain. Experience in analog domains was indicated 52% of the time overall. There were significant differences in the experience of students grouped by moderating variables. Younger students reported more experience than older students. The higher income group reported more experience than the lower income group. Caucasian students reported more experience overall than African American students. Chi-square tests revealed that differences in scores by ethnicity were not controlled by income. of three skills, reading comprehension, mathematics, and science, reading comprehension was most closely correlated to questionnaire score. Results suggest that many of the sixth grade students in the study may be without experience in analog domains when they encounter analogies in a textbook. Assuming subsequent implementations of the Questionnaire confirm these results, teachers should survey life experience of students and help them develop experiences that complement their science text. Textbook authors should explain all but the simplest analogies.

Wagamon, Barbara J.

164

A CURRICULUM FOR ENGLISH, STUDENT PACKET, GRADE 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE SEVENTH-GRADE STUDENT PACKET, PRODUCED BY THE NEBRASKA CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTER, BEGINS WITH THE UNIT ENTITLED "THE MAKING OF STORIES" IN WHICH STUDENTS CONSIDER WRITERS' AUDIENCES AND METHODS OF COMPOSITION AND PRESENTATION. SUCH MATERIAL AS "A CHRISTMAS CAROL" AND SELECTIONS FROM "THE ODYSSEY,""BEOWULF,""HYMN TO HERMES," AND GRIMM'S…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.

165

A CURRICULUM FOR ENGLISH, STUDENT PACKET, GRADE 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE 11TH-GRADE COURSE OF STUDY IN AMERICAN LITERATURE PRESENTED IN THE STUDENT PACKET FOR THE NEBRASKA ENGLISH CURRICULUM BEGINS WITH A UNIT ENTITLED "INDIVIDUALISM AND IDEALISM" IN WHICH STUDENTS ANALYZE SPIRITUAL AUTOBIOGRAPHIES BY EMERSON, THOREAU, WHITMAN, AND DICKINSON. NEXT, THE THEME OF SIN AND LONELINESS AS IT LIMITS INDIVIDUALISM IS…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.

166

The Personal Financial Literacy of Fourth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to measure personal financial literacy levels of fourth grade students in Memphis, Tennessee and to explore the relationships between seven personal and social characteristics and the students' personal financial literacy. The sample produced low scores on five measure dimensions. Caucasian populations performed better…

Lucey, Thomas Andrew

167

A CURRICULUM FOR ENGLISH, STUDENT PACKET, GRADE 12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE LITERATURE PROGRAM OF THE GRADE 12 STUDENT PACKET OF THE NEBRASKA ENGLISH CURRICULUM CONSISTS OF A SELECTIVE SURVEY OF ENGLISH LITERATURE FROM THE RENAISSANCE TO THE 20TH CENTURY. IT BEGINS WITH A UNIT ON SHAKESPEAREAN TRAGEDY IN WHICH STUDENTS READ REVENGE TRAGEDIES--SENECA'S "THYESTES" AND KYD'S "THE SPANISH TRAGEDY"--AS PREPARATION FOR THE…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.

168

A CURRICULUM FOR ENGLISH, STUDENT PACKET, GRADE 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE FIRST UNIT OF THE STUDENT PACKET FOR GRADE NINE OF THE NEBRASKA ENGLISH CURRICULUM IS A STUDY OF THE RELATIONSHIPS WHICH EXIST BETWEEN AUTHOR AND AUDIENCE, AND AN EXAMINATION OF THE EPIGRAM, LIMERICK, PARABLE, FABLE, AND ODE. WITH THIS BACKGROUND, STUDENTS CONSIDER "ON AVARICE" AND "ANIMAL FARM" AS EXAMPLES OF FORMAL AND MENIPPEAN SATIRE,…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.

169

Cohesion in Student Narratives: Grades Four, Six, and Eight.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A coding scheme developed by M. A. K. Halliday and R. Hasan was used in a study that investigated how students in grades 4, 6, and 8 developed meaning within narrative texts. Students, after being presented with a visual stimulus, were asked to describe what was happening and say what happened before and after the picture. Next, an oral assignment…

Zarnowski, Myra Shepper

170

Oral Reading Rates of Second-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of reading fluently is widely recognized in school effectiveness, reform, and improvement efforts of the educational community, yet there are few large-scale, structured assessments of the progression of students' reading rates over time. This study documented 2nd-grade students' oral reading rates on the basis of fall, winter, and…

Wang, Chuang; Algozzine, Bob; Ma, Wen; Porfeli, Erik

2011-01-01

171

Interpreting How Third Grade Junior High School Students Represent Water.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on how third grade junior high school students represent water and its interactions with nature and contemporary science. The study was planned and implemented within the framework of environmental education and involved the participation of 171 students attending public schools in Athens and Thessaloniki, Greece. (Author/SAH)

Agelidou, Evagelia; Balafoutas, George; Gialamas, Vassilios

2001-01-01

172

Implementing Guided Reading Strategies with Kindergarten and First Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the action research project report, the teacher researchers found that many kindergarten and first-grade students did not have the reading readiness skills to be reading at their benchmark target. The purpose of the project was to improve the students overall reading ability. The dates of the project began on September 8 through December 20,…

Abbott, Lindsey; Dornbush, Abby; Giddings, Anne; Thomas, Jennifer

2012-01-01

173

Increasing Reading Ability among First and Third Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was designed to increase the reading abilities of students in the targeted first and third grade classes in two elementary schools located in the Midwest. The study involved an action research project highlighting the overall growth of the students' academic achievement through increased reading growth. The study was…

Commare, Colleen C.; Sedlack, Sarah E.

174

Perspective: Middle Grades Students and ADD  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The substantial increase in the number of students referred for possible attention deficit disorder can be attributed in part to the relatively young age at which students must meet the academic demands of middle school, according to psychologist Jerrold Pollak. He offers a solution for educators and members of the mental health community.

Pollak, Jerrold

2010-08-01

175

The Entrepreneur Fair: Fifth Grade Student Businesses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In twenty years of teaching, the author has never been involved in a project that sparked as much enthusiasm from students, parents, the administration, and other teachers as the Entrepreneur Fair. In an effort to challenge students to become entrepreneurs, the author developed a one-day market called the Entrepreneur Fair at Stonewall Elementary…

Moore, Teresa

2010-01-01

176

Dear Parents of Students Entering Grade Three  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Southington Public School District encourages learning throughout the summer weeks. As such, this letter is being sent home to inform you of our summer reading expectations. In collaboration with the Governor's Reading Challenge, all elementary schools are participating in this joint summer reading program. Please find the grade level reading list on the Southington Public Schools' website. There will

Joseph V. Erardi; Howard J. Thiery

2009-01-01

177

Data Modelling with First-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues for a renewed focus on statistical reasoning in the beginning school years, with opportunities for children to engage in data modelling. Results are reported from the first year of a 3-year longitudinal study in which three classes of first-grade children (6-year-olds) and their teachers engaged in data modelling activities. The…

English, Lyn D.

2012-01-01

178

College Students' Categorical Perceptions of Grades: It's Simply "Good" vs. "Bad"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students' categorical perceptions of numeric and alphabetic grades were examined by assigning participants to one of four conditions: numeric grades alphabetic grades, numeric non-grades and alphabetic non-grades. They were then asked to give ratings for each possible grade or non-grade, using a 10-point scale. Factor analysis revealed…

Boatright-Horowitz, Su L.; Arruda, Chris

2013-01-01

179

Caution: Hazardous Grade. Publication Number 90.26.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition to high school is a crucial time in a student's academic career. This summary is presented as a caution to students, parents, teachers, administrators, and the public to warn of some of the hazards of the transition year (grade nine). In 1989-90, ninth-graders in the Austin (Texas) Independent School District had the lowest…

Paredes, Vicente

180

Improving Word Recognition among First Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A balanced, systematic, instructional reading program was designed to increase word recognition in beginning readers. The targeted population consisted of first graders in an upper middle class community located in the Chicago suburbs. The lack of word recognition was documented through assessments revealing students' phonemic awareness, reading…

Blease, Cindi; Ecklund, Kristina; Hitzman, Michelle

181

Group Anxiety Reduction with Sixth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the high incidence of test-anxiety impairment and the need to treat more students, the study was undertaken to assess a group-administered intervention requiring a minimum of staff hours. An "active control" training was used which has been shown to provide strong anxiety reduction and respectable test score gains in prior studies. The…

Miller, Nichole; DeLapp, Renee; Driscoll, Richard

2007-01-01

182

The Effect of Scheduling Models for Introductory Algebra on 9th-Grade Students, Test Scores and Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of pacing and scheduling of algebra coursework on assigned 9th-grade students who traditionally would qualify for pre-algebra instruction and same course 9th-grade students who traditionally would qualify for standard algebra instruction. Students were selected based on completion of first-year…

O'Hanlon, Angela L.

2011-01-01

183

Sixth Grade Student Self-Regulation in Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The positive relationship between self-regulation and student achievement has been repeatedly supported through research. Key considerations that have resulted from prior research include instructor feedback and explicit expectations, student perception of their control of their progress, accurate self-calibration, reflection, goal-setting, age, and methods by which a cycle which integrates all of these can be put in place. While research provides evidence for that fact that it is possible to support student success in several of these areas, many questions are left as to how guided, active self-regulation impacts students perception of their control over their performance, their ability to accurately assess and act upon their strengths and weaknesses, and, ultimately, their overall progress at different developmental stages. This study intended to provide a better understanding of how guidance in the self-regulation strategies of sixth grade science students can impact their attitudes toward learning. Specifically, this study investigated the question, "What is the effect of active reflection, graphing of grades, and goal setting on sixth-grade students' locus of control and ability to self-regulate?"

Reid, Lisa J.

184

Verbal Test Performance of Superior High School Students: 1965-1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article presents a trend analysis of test scores (1965-1976) among superior high school students on the Wisconsin Inventory for Talented Students-Verbal. Performance on the verbal test among superior ninth grade (N=458) and eleventh grade (N=423) students has declined over the past 12 years. (Author)

Colangelo, Nick; Ogburn-Colangelo, M. Kay

1979-01-01

185

Interest in Science Courses and Careers: A Comparison of Mexican-American and Anglo Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To explore the relationship of four sets of factors on Mexican American and Anglo American students' desire to take science courses (enjoyment of science, grades, importance of science, and self image), data were gathered from ninth grade students at three high schools in southern Arizona, by using questionnaires for students and interviews with…

MacCorquodale, Patricia

186

Civic Knowledge, Attitudes, and Experiences of Ninth Graders in the United States: Results from the IEA Civic Education Study. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What do ninth grade students in the United States know about democracy and democratic principles? What attitudes do they have toward civic issues? What experiences have they had in democratic participation and how engaged do they expect to be in the political arena as adults? How do youth in the United States compare with their peers in other…

Hahn, Carole L.

187

Large - Small or Mini Group Instruction in English, 8th and 9th Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide describes courses and provides some sample lesson plans for an English program for eighth and ninth grade students. All of the students are required to take a basic writing course for the first nine weeks of the semester. For the next nine weeks some students receive large group instruction in linguistics and the other…

Barber, Herman W.

188

Stop Tobacco in Restaurants: Fifth Grade Students STIR City Hall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses a campaign called STIR: Stop Tobacco in Restaurants, that was started by fourth and fifth grade students. The goal was to end smoking in public places, including restaurants, bowling alleys, sports bars, and pool halls. For two years they motivated their peers, coordinated an information campaign to urge kids and adults to…

Morris, Ronald Vaughan

2008-01-01

189

Teaching Gifted Students Literature in Grades Seven through Nine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prepared for use by teachers of mentally gifted students in grades 7 through 9, the booklet offers a curriculum design for the teaching of literature. Considered is the difficult developmental stage in late childhood and early adolescence when children begin to assert their roles as individuals and often have no adult model other than the friendly…

Covey, Barbara L.

190

Environmental Knowledge and Beliefs among Grade 10 Students in Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To develop environmental education in Australia, a survey of tenth-grade students was undertaken. Thirty knowledge items and ten belief items were constructed. A panel of environmentalists and educators identified best responses for the knowledge items, and a common reference point, preservation of homo sapiens, for the belief items, so a…

Eyers, Vivian George

191

A Science Assessment Program for Kindergarten and First Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are science units for kindergarten and first-grade classes which include one or more non-verbal test items constructed to determine whether the student has learned the material presented in the unit. Units include: light, senses, gerbils, beans and peas, animal activities, and hatching chicks. (SL)

Greening, Gary A.

192

Grading Systems, Features of Assessment and Students' Approaches to Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Bologna process aims at harmonising the higher education systems in the Europe. One of the most important tools proposed for such a purpose is the European Credit Transfer System. A significant element of this system is a common seven-step grading scale. It has previously been shown that assessment characteristics impact on students'…

Dahlgren, Lars Owe; Fejes, Andreas; Abrandt-Dahlgren, Madeleine; Trowald, Nils

2009-01-01

193

Grade Level Retention of Texas Students. 1995-96 Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Texas Education Code requires the Texas Education Agency to submit a comprehensive biennial report containing a summary of information related to grade level retention of students in the Texas public school system. This report looks at retention in Texas based on data collected over a 3-year period, beginning with the 1993-94 school year. The…

Texas Education Agency, Austin.

194

Classroom Activities for Able Students: In Fifth and Sixth Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Challenging problems and project ideas for mathematically able students in grades 5 and 6 are reviewed. Number patterns are viewed as a good tool to introduce inductive and deductive thinking. Applications of mathematics in sales, the stock market, opinion polls, weather prediction, and other areas are discussed. (MP)

Economopoulos, Marjorie P.

1981-01-01

195

The Social Self-Determination of Upper-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article offers an analysis of the process of social self-determination of students in the upper grades of the city schools of Mordovia and the influence that their value orientations have on their professional intentions; there is focus on the degree of stability of value orientations as a deciding factor in this process. The work has been…

Vintin, I.A.

2005-01-01

196

Second and Third Grade Students in the Hunters Point-Bayview SEED Project: A Diagnostic Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report supplements the first South East Education Development project (SEED) on first grade children. Full and partial records of 624 second grade students and 591 third grade students are the basis of this diagnostic review. The empirical data obtained for the SEED project students included: each student's sex and number of full days in…

Counelis, James Steve

197

The Fairness of Report Card Grading Adaptations: What Do Students with and without Learning Disabilities Think?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 15 high school students with learning disabilities and 257 typical students found no grading adaptation was viewed as fair by a majority of students without disabilities. Changing the grading scale and raising grades to reflect improvement were viewed as fair adaptations by the students with disabilities. (CR)

Bursuck, William D.; Munk, Dennis D.; Olson, Mary M.

1999-01-01

198

La Desercion Escolar en los Niveles de Sexto y Noveno Grado: Una Comparacion Entre Zonas Rurales y Urbanas. Boletin 219 (The Educational Desertion in the 6th and 9th Grades: A Comparison Between Rural and Urban Zones. Bulletin 219).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1962 and again in 1965, a group of sixth and ninth grade students in selected schools in four Puerto Rican communities were interviewed to investigate the factors influencing students' decision to withdraw from school before completing twelfth grade and to identify some characteristics of dropouts. Of 616 students interviewed in 1962, 20.9% of…

Lopez, Maria I. Hernandez; And Others

199

K-8th Grade Korean Students' Conceptions of 'Changes of State' and 'Conditions for Changes of State'. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the various conceptions held by K-8th Korean grade students regarding the 'changes of state' and the 'conditions for changes of state'. The study used a sample of five kindergarteners, five secondgrade students, five fourth-grade students, five sixth-grade students, and five eighth-grade students. The 25 students attend…

Paik, Seoung-Hey; Kim, Hyo-Nam; Cho, Boo-Kyoung; Park, Jae-Won

2004-01-01

200

Positive and Negative Incentives in the Classroom: An Analysis of Grading Systems and Student Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined how particular grading systems motivate students. Since competency-based grading and point systems are most prevalent (Hendrickson and Gable, 1999), the current study is modeled around these systems. The grading systems used for this study were divided into two categories and defined as those students who earned their grades

Docan, Tony N.

2006-01-01

201

The Relationship between Grade Configuration and Standardized Science Test Scores of Fifth-Grade Students: What School Administrators Should Know  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study utilized a causal comparative (ex post facto) design to determine if a consistent relationship existed between fifth-grade students' success on the Science Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) at the elementary (K-5) level in comparison to fifth-grade students' success on the science TAKS at the intermediate (5-6)…

Johnson, Delonda; Jones, Lisa; Simieou, Felix; Matthew, Kathryn; Morgan, Bryan

2013-01-01

202

Drug and Alcohol Findings: New York State Students in Fifth and Sixth Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New York's Division of Substance Abuse Services conducted a major survey in 1989-1990 of students in grades five through twelve: past surveys of the Division had included only students in seventh through twelfth grades. Students in the fifth and sixth grades answered a separate, self-administered questionnaire, which included questions about the…

New York State Office of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Services, Albany.

203

Retention of Hispanic\\/Latino students in first grade: Child, parent, teacher, school, and peer predictors  

Microsoft Academic Search

A sample of 283 Hispanic children with literacy performance at entrance to first grade below the median for their school district was studied as part of a larger research project on the predictors of grade retention in grade 1. Following retention decisions, 51 Hispanic students were retained in first grade. Low literacy skills, being young at entrance to first grade,

Victor L. Willson; Jan N. Hughes

2006-01-01

204

Making the Grade in a Portfolio-Based System: Student Performance and the Student Perspective  

PubMed Central

Assessment is such an integral part of the educational system that we rarely reflect on its value and impact. Portfolios have gained in popularity, but much attention has emphasized the end-user and portfolio assessment. Here we focus on the portfolio creator (the student) and examine whether their educational needs are met with such an assessment method. This study aims to investigate how assessment practices influence classroom performance and the learning experience of the student in a graduate education setting. Studied were 33 medical students at the Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, a program utilizing a portfolio-based system. The students may elect to simultaneously enroll in a Masters program; however, these programs employ traditional letter grades. Thus creating a unique opportunity to assess 25 portfolio only (P) students and 8 portfolio and grade (PG) students concurrently taking a course that counts for both programs. Classroom performance was measured via a comprehensive evaluation where the PG students scored modestly better (median total scores, 72% P vs. 76% PG). Additionally, a survey was conducted to gain insight into student’s perspective on how assessment method impacts the learning experience. The students in the PG group (those receiving a grade) reported increased stress but greater affirmation and self-assurance regarding their knowledge and skill mastery. Incorporation of such affirmation remains a challenge for portfolio-based systems and an area for investigation and improvement.

Nowacki, Amy S.

2013-01-01

205

Growth: How Much is Too Much? Student Book. Science Module (9th-10th Grade Biology). Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This learning module is designed to integrate environmental education into ninth- and tenth-grade chemistry classes. This module and a companion social studies module were pilot tested in Gwinnett County, Georgia in 1975-76. The module is divided into four parts. Part one provides a broad overview of unit content and proposes questions to…

Georgia Univ., Athens. Coll. of Education.

206

A Comparative Analysis of the Factors Associated with Career Aspirations of Brazilian Students by Sex and Grade Level.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sex-related variations in the formation of educational and occupational aspirations of fifth and ninth grade Brazilian boys and girls were assessed via comparison of their academic performance, level of occupational and educational goals, and about the influence of family, peers, and teachers in shaping these goals. Data were collected on 1,950…

Lupidi, Helena R.

207

Improving Student Social Skills through the Use of Cooperative Learning, Problem Solving, and Direct Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report describes a program to improve students social skills and level of responsibility. The targeted eighth and ninth grade students are located in two communities in northwestern Illinois. The problem of students exhibiting a lack of social skills and responsibility had been documented by student discipline referrals, anecdotal records,…

Brandt, Meredith; Christensen, Robb

208

Using Metaphors to Unpack Student Beliefs about Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on an exploratory study of the mathematical beliefs of a group of ninth and tenth grade students at a large, college preparatory, private school in the Southeastern United States. These beliefs were revealed using contemporary metaphor theory. A thematic analysis of the students' metaphors for mathematics indicated that students

Schinck, Amelie G.; Neale, Henry W., Jr.; Pugalee, David K.; Cifarelli, Victor V.

2008-01-01

209

The Effect of Inschool Suspension on the Academic Progress of High School Science and English Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents findings of a study that explored the effects of assignment to an inschool suspension (ISS) program on high school students' academic performance. The study compared the before- and after-ISS grades in English and science of 32 ninth- and tenth-grade students who had spent a minimum of 5 days in an ISS program during a 6-week…

Silvey, Donald F.

210

Reducing Test Anxiety among Third Grade Students through the Implementation of Relaxation Techniques  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to reduce the negative effects that self-perceived levels of test anxiety have on third-grade students. The participants in this study consisted of 177 third-grade students at two Midwestern public elementary schools. Students at one school were taught relaxation techniques, while students at the second school served…

Larson, Heidi A.; El Ramahi, Mera K.; Conn, Steven R.; Estes, Lincoln A.; Ghibellini, Amanda B.

2010-01-01

211

Students' Grades and Ratings of Perceived Effectiveness of Behaviors Influencing Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We studied undergraduate psychology students' grades and their ratings of the helpfulness of behaviors related to good academic performance. On average students desired an AB (3.5 on a 4-point scale) and would have been satisfied with a B; 31% of students expressed satisfaction with a BC or lower. Overall, students averaged a BC final grade, a B…

Perlman, Baron; McCann, Lee I.; Prust, Adam

2007-01-01

212

Introduction to Algebra Curriculum Guide, Grade 8, 1987. Bulletin 1802.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of the high incidence of failure in algebra I among ninth-grade students, the Louisiana State Board of Elementary and Secondary Education requested the development of this guide with the intention of providing a good pre-algebra foundation. The purposes of the guide are to recognize standards that involve the application of mathematical…

Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge. Div. of Academic Programs.

213

Instructional Objectives Exchange. Social Studies (Geography). Grade K-9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ninety-seven objectives reflecting major social science concepts in the discipline of geography at the kindergarten through ninth grade levels are included in this booklet, which is one of a series. Emphasis is upon requiring students to master behavioral aspects and concepts central to the field of geography. The material is organized into eleven…

Instructional Objectives Exchange, Los Angeles, CA.

214

Do Students Who Get Low Grades Only in Research Methods Need the Same Help as Students Who Get Low Grades in All Topics in Psychology?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some psychology students achieve high grades in all classes except for research methods (RM). Previous research has usually treated low levels of achievement in RM as a unitary phenomenon, without reference to the grades the student is achieving in other subjects. The present internet survey explored preferences for learning RM in 140 psychology…

Barry, John A.

2012-01-01

215

The Relationship of Peer Perceptions to Student Achievement and Teacher Ratings of 5th and 6th Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A two-year study involving 173 Portuguese fifth-graders found students who were rejected by their peers were more disruptive, aggressive, and had more trouble with teachers. Students who were rated as lower status students (rejected and neglected) achieved poorly in 5th grade and more poorly in 6th grade. (Contains references.) (CR)

Lopes, Joao; Cruz, Conceicao; Rutherford, Robert B., Jr.

2002-01-01

216

Predictors of the science achievement of eighth-grade students in the parish schools of the Archdiocese of Philadelphia  

Microsoft Academic Search

National and international studies of science achievement point to a declining trend as students move from early elementary school through high school. Internationally, United States' science students are well above average in grade 4, slightly above average in grade 8, and well below average in grade 12. This study focused on eighth grade students and their seventh grade science teachers

Rosalie J. Papa Shaw

2003-01-01

217

Profiles of Teacher Grading Practices: Integrating Teacher Beliefs, Course Criteria, and Student Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The majority of the research on grading practices thus far examines teachers' perceived grading practices through Likert-type surveys and vignettes regarding generic students. This study is unique because it proposes a more systematic method of qualitative inquiry to examine how teachers perceive grading on an individual student basis by asking…

Wiley, Caroline Rose Hummel

2011-01-01

218

Holding back and holding behind: grade retention and students’ non?academic and academic outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined the implications of grade retention (repeating a grade) and social promotion (automatic promotion to the next grade each year) for high school students’ academic and non?academic outcomes. Based on data from 3261 high school students, structural equation modeling demonstrated that, after controlling for interactions with other factors, demographic covariates and ability, there were significant (p <

Andrew J. Martin

2010-01-01

219

Improving Student Performance in Fifth Grade Band through the Use of Student Self-Monitoring.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An action research project was developed and implemented using student self monitoring of higher order thinking skills and task management to improve the music skills of a fifth grade beginning band (n=30) from a small middle school located in a rural midwest village. Evidence of the problem was documented with a performance test, a written test,…

Hayes, Steven R.

220

The Improvement of Chronological Perceptions among Fifth Grade Students: A Quasi-Experimental Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is an action research based both on quantitative and qualitative research techniques carried out with a group of fifth grade students in K"r,ehir during the 2003-2004 education year. In the study, the main purpose was to improve historical time concept and chronology perceptions among fifth grade students. Students' interests, reactions…

Simsek, Ahmet

2007-01-01

221

Using Vocabulary Acquisition To Improve the Performance in Reading and Attitude of Students in Second Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written by a counselor-teacher-program coordinator working in an urban elementary school, this practicum aimed to improve the receptive vocabulary development program for second grade students. Specific goals were to: (1) improve second grade students' receptive vocabulary; (2) use students' improved receptive vocabulary to increase their reading…

Bunish, Norbert T.

222

Student Grade Expectations at Technical College, 2-, and 4-Year Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although students' final course grade expectations have been the focus of several studies, none have looked systematically at students' expectations for grade distributions for the whole class across institutional types, student year in school, and course levels. This study examined such differences as a function of gender, course level,…

McCann, Lee I.; Immel, Kathy R.; Kadah-Ammeter, Tammy L.; Priniski, Stacy J.

2013-01-01

223

Effect of Pullout Lessons on the Academic Achievement of Eighth-Grade Band Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effect of pullout instrumental lessons on the academic achievement of eighth-grade band students. Participants (N = 353) included 292 nonband students and 61 band students pulled once per week for music lessons in a single suburban K-8 school district in Midwestern United States. Data indicated that eighth-grade band…

Hash, Phillip M.

2011-01-01

224

Students' Perceptions of the Usefulness of Marking Guides, Grade Descriptors and Annotated Exemplars  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grade descriptors, marking guides and exemplars are generally accepted to have a positive impact in assisting students' understanding of assessment task requirements and standards, but little is known about how students use such resources. This paper provides insight into the perceptions of first-year students of the usefulness of grade

Bell, Amani; Mladenovic, Rosina; Price, Margaret

2013-01-01

225

First-Grade Student Retention within a 3-Tier Reading Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

First-grade students from 6 Title I schools participated in this study, which used a response to intervention (RTI) framework to examine the retention of 1st-grade students. Researchers examined reading and behavior data from 3 cohorts of students (1 historical control cohort and 2 cohorts receiving tiered reading instruction) and data gathered…

Murray, Christy S.; Woodruff, Althea L.; Vaughn, Sharon

2010-01-01

226

Examining Eighth Grade Kuwaiti Students' Recognition and Interpretation of Reasonable Answers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research documents Kuwaiti eighth grade students' performance in recognizing reasonable answers and the strategies they used to determine reasonableness. The results from over 200 eighth grade students show they were generally unable to recognize reasonable answers. Students' performance was consistently low across all three number domains…

Alajmi, Amal Hussain; Reys, Robert

2010-01-01

227

The Use of Group versus Individual Settings for Assessing Student Achievement in Kindergarten and First Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on an experiment examining the consequences of assessing kindergarten and first-grade students' academic achievement in group versus individualized assessment settings. Students (n=442) blocked by classroom and grade level were randomly assigned to one of two assessment modes: a small group setting with 8 other students from…

Atkins-Burnett, Sally; Rowan, Brian; Correnti, Richard

228

Correlation between Grade Point Averages and Student Evaluation of Teaching Scores: Taking a Closer Look  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most contentious potential sources of bias is whether instructors who give higher grades receive higher ratings from students. We examined the grade point averages (GPAs) and student ratings across 2073 general education religion courses at a large private university. A moderate correlation was found between GPAs and student evaluations…

Griffin, Tyler J.; Hilton, John, III.; Plummer, Kenneth; Barret, Devynne

2014-01-01

229

Survey of Montgomery County Public School Eleventh Grade High School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In spring 1984, a survey was conducted by Montgomery College (MC) to ascertain the postsecondary educational goals of Montgomery County Public School (MCPS) 11th grade students; to understand students' perceptions of MC; to identify the criteria students use in college selection; and to assess the needs of entering students. Students at 18 of the…

Campbell, William E.; Hemenway, David A.

230

The Impact of Computers on the Writing Processes of First Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of computers on the quality and quantity of student writing, the number of revisions made by the students, and the attitudes of the students toward writing. The participants in this study were forty- three first-grade students. As the students learned the steps of the writing process, they worked with a

Andrea Thigpen

231

Associations of Temperament Traits and Mathematics Grades in Adolescents Are Dependent on the Rater but Independent of Motivation and Cognitive Ability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study examines associations between self- and teacher-rated temperament traits (activity, inhibition, negative emotionality, persistence, distractibility, and mood) and mathematics grades. The sample includes 310 ninth grade students (mean age 15.0) from several schools in Finland. Analyses were conducted with multilevel modeling.…

Hintsanen, Mirka; Alatupa, Saija; Jokela, Markus; Lipsanen, Jari; Hintsa, Taina; Leino, Mare

2012-01-01

232

Classroom Quality and Student Engagement: Contributions to Third-Grade Reading Skills  

PubMed Central

This study, using NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development longitudinal data, investigated the effects of classroom quality and students’ third-grade behavioral engagement on students’ third-grade reading achievement (n?=?1,364) and also examined the extent to which students’ third-grade behavioral engagement mediated the association between classroom quality and children's reading skills. SEM results revealed that controlling for family socio economic risk and students’ first-grade reading achievement, classroom quality significantly, and positively predicted children's behavioral engagement, which in turn predicted greater reading achievement. Higher levels of children's behavioral engagement were associated with higher reading achievement. Implications for policy and practice are discussed.

Guo, Ying; Connor, Carol McDonald; Tompkins, Virginia; Morrison, Frederick J.

2011-01-01

233

A Model of Academic Self-Concept for High School Hispanic Students in New York  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined how Hispanic students' academic self-concept influences the independent variables of family academic expectations, peer relationships, schoolwork, and student-teacher relationships. A survey was administered to 222 ninth-grade students in Long Island, New York, 99 of whom self-identified as Hispanic. A structural equation…

Calero, Flor R.; Dalley, Christopher; Fernandez, Nicole; Davenport-Dalley, Tania Marie; Morote, Elsa-Sofia; Tatum, Stephanie L.

2014-01-01

234

Reading Relationship Study: Success/Failure Rate of First Semester College Students Identified as Poor Readers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to measure the academic success/failure rate of students reading below the ninth grade level, all freshmen students entering Cosumnes River College were given the Nelson-Denny Reading Test during college registration in August 1974. Of the approximately 650 students tested, 113 (17 percent) scored 41 or below; this score corresponds to a…

Chadwick, Robert; Walters, Henry

235

Is the Link between Large High Schools and Student Victimization an Illusion?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To determine whether larger high schools have more student victimization than smaller schools, this study examined a statewide sample of approximately 7,431 ninth-grade students and 2,353 teachers in 290 Virginia high schools participating in the Virginia High School Safety Study. School size was distinguished from the proportion of students

Klein, Jennifer; Cornell, Dewey

2010-01-01

236

Evaluation of a Drug Education Program: Does It Reduce Student Drug Abuse?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines perceptions of principals, teachers, elementary students, and parents of the DARE (Drug Abuse Resistance Education) program for fifth graders begun in Dade County (Florida) Schools in 1988-89. Compares ninth-grade program graduates' drug use with that of a comparable group of non-DARE students. DARE and non-DARE students exhibit no…

Strusinski, Marianne; Gomez, Joseph J.

1996-01-01

237

An Evaluation of Two Methods for Teaching United States History to Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We compared two approaches to teaching United States history to students with learning disabilities (LD). We randomly assigned students in seventh through ninth grades (n = 44) to separate treatment groups (strategy-based instruction or traditional instruction). In both approaches, students were taught identical content on two units of the Civil…

Winchester, Katherine; Darch, Craig; Eaves, Ronald C.; Shippen, Margaret E.; Ern, Greg; Bell, Bedarius

2009-01-01

238

Assessing Student's Level of Scientific Literacy Using Interdisciplinary Scenarios  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to develop an instrument for assessing grade 10 and 11 student's levels of scientific literacy in the areas of problem solving and decision making. In concentrating on determining the scientific literacy of gymnasium level students, it was taken as a first; previous international studies like PISA have focused on ninth

Soobard, Regina; Rannikmae, Miia

2011-01-01

239

THE MERCHANT OF VENICE. LITERATURE CURRICULUM III, STUDENT VERSION.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A GUIDE WAS PRODUCED FOR STUDENT USE IN NINTH-GRADE STUDY OF "THE MERCHANT OF VENICE." THE GUIDE PRESENTED SEVERAL ALTERNATE APPROACHES FOR UNDERSTANDING THE PLAY AND LEARNING ITS CONTENT. A MAJOR EMPHASIS OF THE GUIDE WAS PLACED ON THREE FORMS OF STUDENT QUESTIONS, RELATED TO SPECIFIC ACTS AND SCENES, THE CHARACTERS IN THE DRAMA, AND THE PLAY AS…

KITZHABER, ALBERT R.

240

Effects of Classroom Assessment Practices on Students' Achievement Goals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of classroom assessment practices on students' achievement goals. The study included 1,636 ninth grade students and 83 science teachers from Muscat public schools in Oman. Results from hierarchical linear modeling techniques showed that class contextual features and teachers' teaching experiences and assessment…

Alkharusi, Hussain

2008-01-01

241

Examining Science Tools as Mediators of Students' Learning about Circuits.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses a Vygotskian framework to examine students' (n=26) use of tools in a ninth-grade physical science classroom during a unit on electric circuits. Indicates that conceptual progress may be hindered by students' need to first understand the tools in terms of everyday application. Advocates selection of laboratory tools and activities that match…

Carter, Glenda; Westbrook, Susan L.; Thompkins, Cheryl D.

1999-01-01

242

The Importance of the Ninth Grade on High School Graduation Rates and Student Success in High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to the title of a Robert Fulghum book, all one really needs to know they learned in kindergarten (Fulghum, 1989). Evaluating the national high school graduation rates over the past thirty years, and noting the steady decline in these numbers, which accelerated in the 1990s (Wheelock & Miao, 2005), it would be easy to disagree with Mr.…

McCallumore, Kyle M.; Sparapani, Ervin F.

2010-01-01

243

Efficacy of Online Algebra I for Credit Recovery for At-Risk Ninth Grade Students: Evidence from Year 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is an efficacy trial funded by a grant from the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) National Center for Education Research (NCER). Fifteen CPS high schools are receiving funding to implement two Algebra I credit recovery courses during the summer sessions of 2011 and 2012--one online and one face-to-face (f2f). These courses allow…

Heppen, Jessica; Allensworth, Elaine; Walters, Kirk; Pareja, Amber Stitziel; Kurki, Anja; Nomi, Takako; Sorensen, Nicholas

2012-01-01

244

Report on Grade-Level Retention of Texas Students, 1997-98.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides annual information for the 1997-1998 school year on grade-level retention in the Texas public school system, based on the Public Education Information Management System. In 1997-1998, a total of 150,953 students in kindergarten through grade 12 were retained in grade, an overall retention rate of 4.3%. Data on retention are…

Texas Education Agency, Austin.

245

Prematriculation Program Grades as Predictors of Black and Other Nontraditional Students' First-Year Academic Performances.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study explored predictors of African-American and other nontraditional medical students' first-year academic performance at the Medical College of Georgia. Variables included undergraduate grades and grades in a summer prematriculation program (SPP) featuring biochemistry, anatomy, and immunology courses. SPP grades were found useful in…

Hesser, Al; Lewis, Lloyd

1992-01-01

246

Estimating the Impact of Relative Expected Grade on Student Evaluations of Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grade inflation over the past few decades has been a concern for many universities. Course evaluation scores are known to be positively correlated with students' expected grades, and this paper tests whether or not there is an incentive for the instructor to "buy" higher evaluation scores by inflating grades. To test this hypothesis, I use unique…

Ewing, Andrew M.

2012-01-01

247

The Effects of Written Corrective Feedback on Graded Quizzes for Students in a Personalized System of Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The value of proctor written feedback on college students' graded quizzes in a Personalized System of Instruction (PSI) was investigated. In Experiment I, the amount of time 67 students reviewed their graded quizzes was determined. Results indicated that 63% of the students did not review their graded quizzes, suggesting students do not use the…

Belanger, Gregg A.; And Others

248

Modeling Oral Reading Fluency Development in Latino Students: A Longitudinal Study across Second and Third Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines growth in oral reading fluency across 2nd and 3rd grade for Latino students grouped in 3 English proficiency levels: students receiving English as a second language (ESL) services (n = 2,182), students exited from ESL services (n = 965), and students never designated as needing services (n = 1,857). An important focus was to…

Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Petscher, Yaacov; Pappamihiel, N. Eleni; Williams, Rihana S.; Dyrlund, Allison K.; Connor, Carol

2009-01-01

249

Seventh-Grade Students' Attitudes toward Conflict before and after Applying a Conflict Resolution Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study determined the effectiveness of a conflict resolution curriculum on the attitudes and interactions of 18 seventh-grade students at a suburban middle school that served predominantly Caucasian, middle-class students. Students completed the curriculum 3 days per week for 7 weeks. Before and after the program, students filled out the…

Mantovani, Karen D.

250

8th Grade Student Guide for Arizona's Instrument To Measure Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to give the student helpful information about Arizona's Instrument To Measure the Standards (AIMS) for grade 8. The guide provides examples of the type of questions students see on AIMS and explains how items are scored. It does not teach what the student needs to know to do well on AIMS, but it will help the student know…

Arizona State Dept. of Education, Phoenix.

251

3rd Grade Student Guide for Arizona's Instrument To Measure Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to give the student helpful information about Arizona's Instrument To Measure the Standards (AIMS) for grade 3. The guide provides examples of the type of questions students see on AIMS and explains how items are scored. It does not teach what the student needs to know to do well on AIMS, but it will help the student know…

Arizona State Dept. of Education, Phoenix.

252

5th Grade Student Guide for Arizona's Instrument To Measure Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to give the student helpful information about Arizona's Instrument To Measure the Standards (AIMS) for grade 5. The guide provides examples of the type of questions students see on AIMS and explains how items are scored. It does not teach what the student needs to know to do well on AIMS, but it will help the student know…

Arizona State Dept. of Education, Phoenix.

253

The Effects of a Water Conservation Instructional Unit on the Values Held by Sixth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sixth grade students were divided into two groups. Students in one group received instruction on water conservation using expository and discovery activities. The students in the control group received none. Results gave evidence that students' values could be changed by this mode of water conservation instruction. (MA)

Aird, Andrew; Tomera, Audrey

1977-01-01

254

The Land of Hope: Third-Grade Students Use a Walking Tour to Explore Their Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers use a number of instructional strategies to help students develop citizenship skills and learn state and local history. In many communities, teachers include field trips and walking tours to help students learn more about people. In this article, the author describes how third-grade students learned from older students and from their…

Morris, Ronald V.

2006-01-01

255

Classroom Idea-Sparkers: Grading and Student Learning--Ideas for Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grading is often seen as a point of conflict with students and, in upper elementary and beyond, with parents. It is a chore that consumes time and saps critical levels of energy better used for creative planning and preparation and face-to-face interactions with students. Grading is sometimes referred to as a "necessary evil," yet many teachers…

Wegwert, Joseph C.

2012-01-01

256

Healthcare Students' Perceptions of Electronic Feedback through GradeMark®  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the findings from a study undertaken to explore students' perceptions of the timeliness, accessibility, consistency, and quality of feedback and grading received electronically. The system used was GradeMark®, an electronic tool available through the plagiarism software provider, Turnitin®. 296 students from the Schools…

Watkins, Diane; Dummer, Paul; Hawthorne, Kamila; Cousins, Judy; Emmett, Catherine; Johnson, Mike

2014-01-01

257

The Impact of Framing Effect on Student Preferences for University Grading Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kahneman and Tversky's (1979, 2000; Tversky & Kahneman, 1981) work in decision-making was applied to student preferences for grading practices. Undergraduate psychology students (n = 240) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 framing conditions related to how a university course might be graded: a 100 point system, a percentage system, and an open…

Smith, Jeffrey K.; Smith, Lisa F.

2009-01-01

258

Alcohol Use and the Grades of Middle and High School Students: Does School Choice Have Effects?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the question of whether youth drinking leads to lower grades for public and private school students. Instrumental variables (IV) regressions are used to investigate differences in the relationship between drinking and grades based on whether students attend a public or private school. The regressions reveal that drinking…

Austin, Wesley; Heath, Cary

2012-01-01

259

The Ability of Grade 5 Students To Use Radarsat Satellite Images.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the ability of 32 grade-5 students in Alberta (Canada) to interpret Radarsat satellite radar images. The students were able to interpret most elements of the images, but working directly with the CD-ROM proved too difficult for them. The Radarsat images have limited value as a geographic resource at the grade-5 level. (TD)

Kirman, Joseph M.; Busby, Stephanie

2000-01-01

260

A Situative Metaphor for Teacher Learning: The Case of University Tutors Learning to Grade Student Coursework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the continuing concern about academic standards in the higher education sector a great deal of emphasis has been placed on quality assurance procedures rather than on considering how university tutors learn to grade the quality of work produced by students. As part of a larger research project focused on how tutors grade student coursework,…

Boyd, Pete; Bloxham, Sue

2014-01-01

261

Grade Inflation and Student Individual Differences as Systematic Bias in Faculty Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The media has recently exposed that grade inflation is a concern for higher education in North America. Grade inflation may be due to consumerism by universities that now compete for students. Keeping students happy (and paying) may have been emphasized more than learning. We review the literature on faculty evaluation and present a model that…

Germain, Marie-Line; Scandura, Terri A.

2005-01-01

262

Grade Retention: Elementary Teacher Perceptions for Students with and without Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this era of education accountability, teachers are looking closely at grade level requirements and assessment of student performance. Grade retention is being considered for both students with and without disabilities if they are not meeting end of the year achievement benchmarks. Although research has shown that retention is not the best…

Renaud, Gia

2010-01-01

263

Grading and Reporting in a Standards-Based Environment: Implications for Students with Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers at all levels of education today struggle in their efforts to assign fair, accurate, and meaningful grades to students with disabilities, especially those placed in general education classrooms. Lacking specific policies or recommendations, most teachers apply informal, individual grading adaptations for such students. Although these…

Guskey, Thomas R.; Jung, Lee Ann

2009-01-01

264

The Effect of Grade Span Configuration and School-to-School Transition on Student Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effect of grade span configuration (grouping of grades in schools) and school-to-school transition on student achievement was investigated. The Michigan Education Assessment Program test was used to collect data on the passing rate of students in 232 schools in a large urban inner city school district in the midwest. The results indicate that…

Wren, Stephanie D.

265

Factors Influencing Mathematic Problem-Solving Ability of Sixth Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problem statement: This study aims to investigate factors influencing mathematic problem-solving ability of sixth grade students. On e thousand and twenty eight of sixth grade students , studying in the second semester of academic year 20 07 were sampled by stratified random sampling technique. Approach: The research instruments used in the study include d mathematic problem- solving ability test and

Sakorn Pimta; Sombat Tayruakham; Prasart Nuangchalerm

2009-01-01

266

Developmental Characteristic of the Writing of Urban Students at Grades 2, 5, 8, and 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined (1) developmental differences in the writing of urban students, (2) the syntactic complexity associated with differing modes of written discourse, and (3) the relationship among grade level, mode of discourse, and writing quality. Subjects were approximately 1,200 second, fifth, eighth, and eleventh grade students from large…

Gunderson, Lee; Murphy, Sandra

267

Student Views on Criterion-Referenced Assessment and Grading in Swedish Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The pedagogical and status implications of assessment in physical education (PE) have been recognised in the past. How students perceive being assessed and graded is a neglected area, however. While some studies have garnered students' perceptions of assessment when no grade is awarded or the stakes are relatively low, we know less…

Redelius, Karin; Hay, Peter J.

2012-01-01

268

The Effect of Reading Aloud on a Student's Attitude toward Reading in Fourth Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study determined if reading aloud to fourth-grade students would have a positive effect on their attitudes toward reading, and if there would be a difference between the attitudes of boys and girls. In Jersey City, New Jersey, 28 fourth-grade students were read aloud to on a daily basis for 15 minutes over 14 weeks. A pretest and posttest were…

Piotrowski, Joanne B.

269

The Relationship between Eighth Grade Primary School Students' Proportional Reasoning Skills and Success in Solving Equations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the relationship between eighth grade primary school students' success levels in solving equations and proportional reasoning skills. 344 eighth grade students, who were registered at various primary schools in the central districts of Konya in the 2007-2008 educational year, participated in the research. The study had a…

Cetin, Hatice; Ertekin, Erhan

2011-01-01

270

Incentives: The Effects on Reading Attitude and Reading Behaviors of Third-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether third grade literacy students who receive incentive rewards as part of their instruction will exhibit significantly higher reading habits and attitudes toward recreational reading than they did before the incentives were introduced. The study examined 19 third grade students with fairly high…

Stanfield, Gayle M.

2006-01-01

271

Improving the Reading Performance of Fifth-Grade Students through an Afterschool Reading Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This applied dissertation was designed to evaluate improving the reading performance of fifth-grade students through an afterschool reading program to determine whether it was effective in teaching Native American and English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL). This study compared the reading performance of fifth-grade students who struggle…

Joseph, Rosnel L.

2012-01-01

272

Grading New York: Accountability and Student Proficiency in America's Largest School District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article uses a regression discontinuity approach to study the influence of New York City's school grading policy on student math and English language arts (ELA) achievement. We find evidence that students in schools receiving a failing grade realized positive effects in English in the 1st year of sanction, but we find no statistically…

Winters, Marcus A.; Cowen, Joshua M.

2012-01-01

273

The Enhanced Reading Opportunities Study Final Report: The Impact of Supplemental Literacy Courses for Struggling Ninth-Grade Readers. NCEE 2010-4021  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), just over 70 percent of students nationally arrive in high school with reading skills that are below "proficient"--defined as demonstrating competency over challenging subject matter. Of these students, nearly half do not exhibit even partial mastery of the knowledge and skills…

Somers, Marie-Andree; Corrin, William; Sepanik, Susan; Salinger, Terry; Levin, Jesse; Zmach, Courtney

2010-01-01

274

College Preparatory Curriculum for All: Consequences of Ninth-Grade Course Taking in Algebra and English on Academic Outcomes in Chicago.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

There is a national movement to universalize the high-school curriculum so that all students graduate prepared for college. Here we evaluate a policy in Chicago that ended remedial classes and mandated college-preparatory coursework for all students. Usin...

E. Allensworth N. Montgomery T. Nomi V. E. Lee

2008-01-01

275

From Caterpillar to Butterfly: A Window for Looking into Students' Ideas about Life Cycle and Life Forms of Insects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was a qualitative analysis of high school students' ideas about life cycle and life forms of the butterfly. For this purpose, open-ended questions and drawing methods were applied to 194 high school students from the ninth to eleventh grades and 14 to 16 years of age in Erzurum, Turkey. Students' drawings were categorised…

Cinici, Ayhan

2013-01-01

276

The Effects of the Use of the Question Exploration Routine on Student Performance in Secondary Content Classrooms. Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The tenth in a series of studies investigating the educational context and outcomes for high school students with disabilities (SWDs), this study explored the use of a Question Exploration Routine as a means of enhancing the performance of students with disabilities in ninth-grade inclusive content classes. Participants were 134 students, with and…

Bulgren, Janis A.; Lenz, B. Keith; Marquis, Janet; Schumaker, Jean B.; Deshler, Donald D.

277

Decisions Made in the Practice Room: A Qualitative Study of Middle School Students' Thought Processes while Practicing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to describe the decision-making processes of novice band students while engaged in individual practice. Five seventh- through ninth-grade students were videotaped while practicing and subsequently interviewed using retrospective verbal protocol. Students were asked to discuss the goals they had while practicing, their…

Oare, Steve

2012-01-01

278

The Effect of a Female Physical Educator's Physical Appearance on Physical Fitness Knowledge and Attitudes of Junior High Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to determine if a female physical educator's appearance of body fatness affects 1) the cognitive performance of junior high school students on a test of health-related fitness knowledge, and 2) student attitudes toward the instructor. Ninety-three seventh through ninth grade students from two schools, participated in a…

Dean, Melony Blair; Adams, Thomas M., II; Comeau, Matthew J.

2005-01-01

279

Engineering Design Processes in Seventh-Grade Classrooms: Bridging the Engineering Education Gap  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on some findings from the first year of a three-year longitudinal study, in which seventh- to ninth-graders were introduced to engineering education. Specifically, the paper addresses students' responses to an initial design activity involving bridge construction, which was implemented at the end of seventh grade. This paper…

English, Lyn D.; Hudson, Peter B.; Dawes, Les

2012-01-01

280

Revised Curriculum for the Vocational Experiences Classes. Grade 9. Catalog No. 13.498.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for ninth grade disadvantaged and educable mentally handicapped students for occupational orientation and exploration, this revised curriculum guide consists of eight sections, five of which incorporate simulation units to provide hands-on experience. The sections are: Orientation to the School; Orientation to Self in Relation to the…

Nunn, Tony; And Others

281

Pre-Vocational Curriculum (Career Education) for 9th and 10th Grade Levels. (Teacher Guide).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide consists of 17 units of study for use in a prevocational career education course geared toward ninth and tenth grade students. Covered in the individual lessons are the following topics: assessing personal characteristics, completing a personal aptitude inventory, assessing personal interests, using the Dictionary of…

Arman, Ruby L.; Arman, Mohammad R.

282

A Second Chance in Second Grade: The Independent and Cumulative Impact of First- and Second-Grade Reading Instruction and Students' Letter-Word Reading Skill Growth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the relation of language arts instruction to students' letter-word reading skill growth from the beginning of 1st grade to the end of 2nd grade using cross-classified random effects models. Amounts of teacher-managed, code-focused instruction in 1st and 2nd grade each uniquely predicted students' letter-word reading skill…

Connor, Carol McDonald; Morrison, Frederick J.; Underwood, Phyllis S.

2007-01-01

283

What Factors Have Been Identified by Teachers as Reasons for the Variations Between Academic Achievement or Teacher Assigned Grades, and Standardized Test Scores for Sixth Grade Students?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to determine what factors sixth grade teachers from selected sixth grade centers identified as the reasons for the variations between academic achievement, or teacher assigned grades, and standardized test scores for sixth grade students. Thirty-two teachers participated in a questionnaire survey that was specifically designed, through the use of research, for this study. The questionnaire was

Barbara Chunn Jenkins

1986-01-01

284

Launching Students into Their Decade of Transition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the 2007 edition of "Diplomas Count", "Education Week" reported that nationally more than one-third of the students lost from the high school pipeline fail to make the transition from the ninth to the 10th grade. This explains why, for more than two decades, schools and districts across the country have struggled to develop freshman transition…

Dedmond, Rebecca M.

2008-01-01

285

Teaching About the People's Republic of China: A Guide for Ninth Grade Social Studies, Part 1. Whose Perception? How to Use this Guide; Looking at the Past to Better Understand the Present; The Message: the Ways It Is Conveyed.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, part 1 of a two-part publication, contains resource units on Chinese history and culture which can be used with 9th-grade students. The materials and activities, gathered by American secondary-school teachers who visited China in 1973, are intended to provide a pattern for an elective course or supplementary material for regular social…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.

286

Testing the Efficacy of "INSIGHTS" on Student Disruptive Behavior, Classroom Management, and Student Competence in Inner City Primary Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A prevention trial tested the efficacy of "INSIGHTS into Children's Temperament" as compared to a Read Aloud attention control condition in reducing student disruptive behavior and enhancing student competence and teacher classroom management. Participants included 116 first and second grade students, their parents, and their 42 teachers in six…

McClowry, Sandra Graham; Snow, David L.; Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine S.; Rodriguez, Eileen T.

2010-01-01

287

First-Grade Student Retention Within a 3Tier Reading Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

First-grade students from 6 Title I schools participated in this study, which used a response to intervention (RTI) framework to examine the retention of 1st-grade students. Researchers examined reading and behavior data from 3 cohorts of students (1 historical control cohort and 2 cohorts receiving tiered reading instruction) and data gathered from interviews with school principals. They (a) identified a

Christy S. Murray; Althea L. Woodruff; Sharon Vaughn

2010-01-01

288

Students’ Attitudes Toward Chemistry Lessons: The Interaction Effect between Grade Level and Gender  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the interaction effect between grade level and gender with respect to\\u000a students' attitudes toward chemistry lessons taught in secondary schools. The sample consisted of 954 chemistry students in\\u000a grades Secondary 4–7 (approximately 16–19 years of age) in Hong Kong. Students' attitudes were surveyed using an attitude\\u000a toward chemistry lessons scale (ATCLS), and

Derek Cheung

2009-01-01

289

Report from the Centre for Language and Communication Studies on the Ninth Year of Extracurricular Foreign Language Modules for Students of Other Disciplines and the Fifth Year of Foreign Language Modules in the B.A. (Mod.) in Information and Communications Technology, 1 October 2001-30 September 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report focuses on the ninth year in which the Centre for Language and Communication Studies (CLCS) at the University of Dublin Trinity College offered foreign language modules to students who were not studying a foreign language as part of their degree program. The modules are designed to develop students' communication skills for purposes of…

Trinity Coll., Dublin (Ireland). Centre for Language and Communication Studies.

290

Timing and Duration of Student Participation in Special Education in the Primary Grades. Issue Brief. NCES 2007-043  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Issue Brief reports the timing of entry into special education and the number of grades in which students receive special education across the primary grades. About 12 percent of students receive special education in at least one of the grades: kindergarten, first, and third grade, including 16 percent of boys, 8 percent of girls, 18 percent…

Holt, Emily W.; McGrath, Daniel J.; Herring, William L.

2007-01-01

291

The Unintended Consequences of an Algebra-for-All Policy on High-Skill Students: Effects on Instructional Organization and Students' Academic Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1997, Chicago implemented a policy that required algebra for all ninth-grade students, eliminating all remedial coursework. This policy increased opportunities to take algebra for low-skill students who had previously enrolled in remedial math. However, little is known about how schools respond to the policy in terms of organizing math…

Nomi, Takako

2012-01-01

292

Expanding the Start of the College Pipeline: Ninth-Grade Findings from an Experimental Study of the Impact of the Early College High School Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early college high schools are a new and rapidly spreading model that merges the high school and college experiences and that is designed to increase the number of students who graduate from high school and enroll and succeed in postsecondary education. This article presents results from a federally funded experimental study of the impact of the…

Edmunds, Julie A.; Bernstein, Lawrence; Unlu, Fatih; Glennie, Elizabeth; Willse, John; Smith, Arthur; Arshavsky, Nina

2012-01-01

293

Coffee Can Speakers: Amazing Energy Transformers--Fifth-Grade Students Learn the Science behind Speakers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors describe steps on how to develop a high-impact activity in which students build, test, and improve their own "coffee can" speakers to observe firsthand how loudspeakers work to convert electrical energy to sound. The activity is appropriate for students in grades three to six and lends itself best to students

Wise, Kevin; Haake, Monica

2007-01-01

294

Peer Contexts: Do Old for Grade and Retained Peers Influence Student Behavior in Middle School?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Many school systems have ended social promotion by implementing accountability systems where students who fail academic assessments are retained in grade. Additionally, some parents have delayed their children's entry into school, believing that older students have an advantage. While research has examined outcomes for students

Muschkin, Clara G.; Glennie, Elizabeth; Beck, Audrey N.

2014-01-01

295

Are You Convinced? Middle-Grade Students' Evaluations of Mathematical Arguments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students learn norms of proving by observing teachers generating proofs, engaging in proving, and generalizing features of proofs deemed convincing by an authority, such as a textbook. Students at all grade levels have difficulties generating valid proof; however, little research exists on students' understandings about what makes a…

Bieda, Kristen N.; Lepak, Jerilynn

2014-01-01

296

Turning Points: A Transitional Story of Grade Seven Music Students' Participation in High School Band Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a framework for our study, a broad set of themes related to the retention of students in music programmes are presented to enhance our understanding of how to retain band students. Data were collected from grade seven students comprising four focus groups. We used ethnodrama, an arts-based educational research approach, to represent results as…

Gouzouasis, Peter; Henrey, Julia; Belliveau, George

2008-01-01

297

Reforming the Eighth-Grade Student Assignment Process for the Philadelphia Public Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The eighth grade student assignment project, an initiative of the School District of Philadelphia, assigns students to high school academic programs based on student preferences, academic preparation, program capacity, and desegregation requirements. These programs, called small learning communities (SLCs), emphasize areas such as design and…

Johnson, Michael P.

298

Samples of Students' Responses from the Grade 9 Science Performance-Based Assessment Tasks, June 1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this document is to provide teachers, administrators, students, and parents with samples of students' performances that exemplify standards in relation to the 1993 Grade 9 Science Performance-Based Assessment Tasks for the province of Alberta, Canada. A sample of 698 randomly selected students from 31 schools did the…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation Branch.

299

Dream Catchers. Developing Career & Educational Awareness in the Intermediate Grades. Student Activity Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This workbook, aimed at students in the middle grades, was developed to help students plan for their futures. The workbook consists of three parts. Part 1 leads students to explore the world of careers. It includes information on career clusters and what workers in each type of cluster do. It also includes information on volunteer work and home…

Lindsay, Norene

300

Improving Spelling and Language Arts Skills of Chapter 1 Fourth Grade Students through Paragraph Compositions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practicum addressed the problem of Chapter 1 fourth grade students not being able to compose a paragraph using correct spelling and language arts skills. The subjects were 16 predominantly Black and Hispanic students in a school in an old small southern city. The students had paragraph composition assignments weekly. The goals were: (1) to…

Budnik, Patricia McNulty

301

Fifth Grade Students' Understanding of Ratio and Proportion in an Engineering Robotics Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research described in this dissertation explores the impact of utilizing a LEGO-robotics integrated engineering and mathematics program to support fifth grade students' learning of ratios and proportion in an extracurricular program. The research questions guiding this research study were (1) how do students' test results compare for students

Ortiz, Araceli Martinez

2010-01-01

302

Electronic Storybooks: A Constructivist Approach to Improving Reading Motivation in Grade 1 Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study stemmed from a concern of the perceived decline in students' reading motivation after the early years of schooling. This research investigated the effectiveness of online eBooks on eight grade 1 students' reading motivation. Eight students were given ten 25-minute sessions with the software programs over 15 weeks. Qualitative data were…

Ciampa, Katia

2012-01-01

303

Using Dynamic Geometry Software to Improve Eight Grade Students' Understanding of Transformation Geometry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the effect of dynamic geometry software (DGS) on students' learning of transformation geometry. A pre- and post-test quasi-experimental design was used. Participants in the study were 68 eighth grade students (36 in the experimental group and 32 in the control group). While the experimental group students were studying the…

Guven, Bulent

2012-01-01

304

Reading Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities in the Upper Elementary Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For students with learning disabilities, the upper elementary grades may represent a unique opportunity to provide successful remediation for lessening a reading difficulty and preventing students with learning disabilities from falling behind in other content areas. This article discusses effective reading interventions for students with learning…

Wanzek, Jeanne; Kent, Shawn C.

2012-01-01

305

Strengthening Grade 3-5 Students' Foundational Knowledge of Rational Numbers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: American students have done poorly in algebra and that has generated policy concerns about preparing students for STEM careers. There has been growing recognition that the algebra problem may begin in earlier grades when students do not adequately master rational numbers. Purpose: The study provided a series of workshops organized…

Good, Thomas L.; Wood, Marcy B.; Sabers, Darrell; Olson, Amy M.; Lavigne, Alyson Leah; Sun, Huaping; Kalinec-Craig, Crystal

2013-01-01

306

Interest Differences between Male and Female Students and Correlation to Their Academic Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A six week study in an urban district was conducted attempting to compare the academic interests between male and female students at the second and third grade levels, and correlate these with the students' academic performance, as put forth on the Record of Student Growth, or Report Card. The children completed teacher made interest inventories.…

Mena, Ileana F.

307

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS DPA). Student Guide. Grade 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards Dual Purpose Assessment (AIMS DPA) is a combination of two separate tests. One test is AIMS, which measures how well the student knows the reading, writing, and mathematics content that all Arizona students in the student's grade level are expected to know and be able to do. AIMS DPA includes…

Arizona Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

308

Arizona?s Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS DPA). Student Guide. Grade 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards Dual Purpose Assessment (AIMS DPA) is a combination of two separate tests. One test is AIMS, which measures how well the student knows the reading, writing, and mathematics content that all Arizona students in the student's grade level are expected to know and be able to do. AIMS DPA includes…

Arizona Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

309

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS DPA). Student Guide. Grade 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards Dual Purpose Assessment (AIMS DPA) is a combination of two separate tests. One test is AIMS, which measures how well the student knows the reading, writing, and mathematics content that all Arizona students in the student's grade level are expected to know and be able to do. AIMS DPA includes…

Arizona Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

310

Teacher-Student Relationship Quality Type in Elementary Grades: Effects on Trajectories for Achievement and Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher, peer, and student reports of the quality of the teacher-student relationship were obtained for an ethnically diverse and academically at-risk sample of 706 second- and third-grade students. Cluster analysis identified four types of relationships based on the consistency of child reports of support and conflict in the relationship with…

Wu, Jiun-Yu; Hughes, Jan N.; Kwok, Oi-Man

2010-01-01

311

Fifth-Grade Students' Knowledge about Writing Process and Writing Genres  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine what students know about the process of writing and the characteristics of stories, persuasive arguments, and informational reports. Participants were 50 grade 5 students. Students responded to questions about writing process and the three different types of writing, and showed a nuanced but relatively…

Gillespie, Amy; Olinghouse, Natalie G.; Graham, Steve

2013-01-01

312

Acids and Bases: The Appropriation of the Arrhenius Model by Tunisian Grade 10 Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this work, we propose to identify the knowledge that Tunisian grade 10 students build up concerning acids and bases. Thus, after learning, we have proceeded by giving a paper and pencil task to students of two levels of teaching. The results obtained allow us to say that the assimilated knowledge is transitory; that the students have a worse…

Ouertatani, Latifa; Dumon, Alain; Trabelsi, Malika Ayadi; Soudani, Mohamed

2007-01-01

313

Relationships of Grade, Sex, and Teacher Rankings to Coder Ratings on a Checklist of Student Behaviors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings from the Student Attribute Study, a two-year investigation designed to identify student characteristics and behaviors related to teacher expectations and attitudes are reported. Children in grades two through five who received consistent teacher rankings over a two-year period on one or more of 13 bi-polar scales describing student

Evertson, Carolyn M.; And Others

314

Effect of Class Size, Grades Given, and Academic Field on Student Opinion of Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the effect of class size, grades given, and college and national academic field rankings on student opinion of instruction. Finds no significant correlations between the three input variables and student opinion of instruction. These results leave teacher effectiveness as the most likely variable to explain student ratings. (Contains 13…

Lesser, Diane; Ferrand, Judy

2000-01-01

315

7th Grade Life Science Units Modified for ESOL Students--Middle School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A set of supplemental materials for teaching grade 7 life sciences to beginning and intermediate students of English as a second language (ESL) includes an introductory section on teaching the ESL student and six instructional units. The introductory section discusses the special classroom needs and characteristics of the ESL student and provides…

Bernache, Carolyn; Jones, Jacqueline

316

The Brief Multidimensional Students’ Life Satisfaction Scale: Sex, Race, and Grade Effects for Applications with Middle School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Preliminary normative data for the Brief Multidimensional Students’ Life Satisfaction Scale (BMSLSS) total score were collected\\u000a from 2,987 South Carolina middle school students in Grades 6 though 8. Tests for gender and ethnicity (African-American vs.\\u000a Caucasian) effects were non-significant. Statistically significant differences between grade levels were discovered, but the\\u000a magnitude of these differences was quite small. Thus, a single set

E. Scott Huebner; Shannon M. Suldo; Robert F. Valois; J. Wanzer Drane

2006-01-01

317

Using the TELLS Prereading Procedure to Enhance Comprehension Levels and Rates in Secondary Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A multiple-baseline design was used to evaluate the effects of the Title, Examine, Look, Look, and Setting (TELLS) prereading procedure on reading comprehension in 3, ninth-grade students with reading skills deficits. Results suggest that the TELLS procedure enhanced both comprehension levels and rates across all three students. These…

Ridge, Ashley D.; Skinner, Christopher H.

2011-01-01

318

The Effect of Explicit Embedded Reflective Instruction on Nature of Science Understandings in Advanced Science Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of explicit-embedded-reflective (EER) instruction in nature of science (NOS) understandings of ninth-grade advanced science students. This study was conducted with 71 students, who were divided into three groups, by using non-equivalent quasi-experimental design. In the treatment…

Koksal, Mustafa Serdar; Cakiroglu, Jale; Geban, Omer

2013-01-01

319

Perceptions of Leadership and Student Performance in Science from Campus Leaders in Selected High Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This naturalistic study focused on the perceptions of leadership and student performance in science from campus leaders in three purposefully selected secondary campuses of ninth through twelfth grades. Each school had experienced an improvement in student passing rates on the science TAKS test that exceeded the state's percent improvement in…

Wilder, Sharon Mae

2010-01-01

320

LEXICOGRAPHY. HISTORY OF ENGLISH, PART ONE. LANGUAGE CURRICULUM III, STUDENT VERSION.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

AN OUTLINE OF THE NEED FOR AND USES OF LEXICOGRAPHY AND A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE, PART 1, WERE COMBINED IN THIS CURRICULUM GUIDE FOR NINTH-GRADE STUDENTS. THE FIRST SECTION, THE OUTLINE ON LEXICOGRAPHY, GAVE A BRIEF HISTORY OF DICTIONARY COMPILATION AND DESCRIBED THE NEED FOR DICTIONARIES AND THEIR USES. WAYS WERE SUGGESTED FOR STUDENTS

KITZHABER, ALBERT R.

321

Secondary school students' interests, attitudes and values concerning school science related to environmental issues in Finland  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the relationship between students' interests in environmental issues, attitudes to environmental responsibility and biocentric values in school science education. The factors were investigated within the framework of three moderators: gender, school and residential area of the school. The survey was carried out using the international ROSE questionnaire with ninth?grade students (N = 3626) from 68 schools. Likert?type

Anna Uitto; Kalle Juuti; Jari Lavonen; Reijo Byman; Veijo Meisalo

2011-01-01

322

The Effect of Conceptual Change Approach on Students' Ecology Achievement and Attitude towards Biology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effectiveness of conceptual change texts oriented instruction accompanied by demonstrations in small groups on students' ecology achievement and attitude towards biology. 78 ninth grade students in a public high school participated in this study. While the control group was taught with the traditional method, the…

Cetin, Gulcan; Ertepinar, Hamide; Geban, Omer

2004-01-01

323

Latino Parent Home-Based Practices that Bolster Student Academic Persistence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Home-based parental involvement practices (i.e., educational encouragement, monitoring, and support) and their impact on students' academic persistence were investigated with a sample of 137, ninth-grade Latino students in a northeast high school. Structural Equation Modeling results indicate that the relationship between home-based parental…

Mena, Jasmine A.

2011-01-01

324

Student Performance and Family Socioeconomic Status: Results from a Survey of Compulsory Education in Western China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used fifteen-year-old ninth-grade students from rural areas of five provinces in western China as samples to carry out research on the relationship between the socioeconomic status of Chinese families and student academic performance. Based on parents' educational background, occupation, family economic conditions, and other factors,…

Liu, Xiaofei; Lu, Ke

2008-01-01

325

The Effects of a Counselor-Led Guidance Intervention on Students' Behaviors and Attitudes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study investigated the impact of a counselor-led guidance unit on ninth-grade students, and the interaction of the intervention with risk levels, academic placements, and gender. Students' expressed behavior, school attitudes, and level of informational awareness about high school and the work world were assessed. Results showed these guidance…

Schlossberg, Sharon M.; Morris, John D.; Lieberman, Mary G.

2001-01-01

326

Outcome of Systematic Human Relations Training with Junior High School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of results of an experimental program in which ninth grade students participated in systematic human relations training according to the Gazda model revealed significant training outcomes and significant sex effects in favor of girls. The training helped students learn to perceive and respond with empathy, respect, and warmth. (Author)

Casey, Carlie; Roark, Albert E.

1980-01-01

327

The Mismatch among Students' Views about Nature of Science, Acceptance of Evolution, and Evolutionary Science Understandings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored interrelationships among high school students' views about nature of science (NOS), acceptance of evolution, and conceptual understanding of evolution, and the extent to which these may have shifted from pre- to post-instruction on evolutionary theory. Eighty-one students enrolled in ninth-grade Biology responded to…

Cavallo, Ann M. L.; White, Kevin J.; McCall, David

2011-01-01

328

Making the Grade: College Students with Visual Impairments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of the transition experiences of 102 college students with visual impairments (blindness or low vision), and of the services offered for students with disabilities at 66 colleges, found that the colleges provided most of the services students need to be successful. Students also identified areas in which visually impaired high school…

McBroom, L. W.

1997-01-01

329

Motivating Middle Grades Students Using a Cooperative Learning Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that lack of student motivation is one of the primary reasons students drop out of school and that lack of student motivation is particularly evident at the onset of adolescence, this study compared multidimensional motivation gains of middle school students who were heterogeneously grouped according to motivational level to gains of those…

Corder, Gregory W.

330

Predicting Students' Performance on Agricultural Science Examination from Forecast Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Botswana Examination Council (BEC) uses forecast grades obtained from secondary school Agriculture teachers to review component 2 of Agriculture final examination. Moderation of component 2 can help to improve candidates' final grade. This descriptive-correlational study purports to determine which of the component 1 (multiple choice),…

Moreetsi, Thobega; Mbako, Masole Trust

2008-01-01

331

Grade 1 Students Meet David Wiesner's "Three Pigs."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the oral, written, and visual arts responses of a group of Grade 1 children. Discusses first grade children's understandings of and responses to several Radical Change characteristics and metafictive techniques found in David Wiesner's "The Three Pigs" (2001), the 2002 Randolph Caldecott Medal winner. Explores the nature of the literary…

Pantaleo, Sylvia

2002-01-01

332

English Curriculum, Grades Eleven and Twelve. The NOW Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

GRADES OR AGES: Grades 11 and 12. SUBJECT MATTER: English for the academically handicapped. ORGANIZATION AND PHYSICAL APPEARANCE: The guide contains several introductory chapters. The central part of the guide which outlines the curriculum is broken down into four sections--composition, language, literature, and mass media. The guide is xeroxed…

McMullen, Walter; And Others

333

Grade\\/Performance Contracts, Enhanced Communication, Cooperative Learning and Student Performance in Undergraduate Organic Chemistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a grade\\/study-performance contract that was designed to increase student retention while maintaining academic performance levels in undergraduate organic chemistry. The experimental course included enhanced communication using electronic mail, and cooperative learning in addition to grade\\/study-performance contracts. The objective of the grade\\/study-performance contract was the development of learning skills with creation of a basis for unobtrusive auditing of

Ralph C. Dougherty

1997-01-01

334

Academic Performance of Nursing Students: Do Prerequisite Grades and Tutoring Make a Difference?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The academic performance of first-semester nursing students who attended 5 or more (n=18) or fewer than 5 (n=19) tutorials was compared. A significant relationship was found between grades in prerequisite science courses and first-semester performance. Those who attended fewer tutorials had higher prerequisite course grades. (Contains 17…

Potolsky, Alicia; Cohen, Jayne; Saylor, Coleen

2003-01-01

335

Role of Resilient Personality on Lower Achieving First Grade Students' Current and Future Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated a measurement model of personality resilience and the contribution of personality resilience to lower achieving first grade students' academic achievement. Participants were 445 ethnically diverse children who at entrance to first grade scored below their school district median on a test of literacy. Participants were…

Kwok, Oi-man; Hughes, Jan N.; Luo, Wen

2007-01-01

336

The Use of Fuzzy Theory in Grading of Students in Math  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of computer science, statistics and other technological fields, give us more opportunities to improve the process of evaluation of degree of knowledge and achievements in a learning process of our students. More and more we are relying on the computer software to guide us in the grading process. An improved way of grading can help…

Bjelica, Momcilo; Rankovic, Dragica

2010-01-01

337

Increasing Critical Thinking Skills of the Fourth Grade Student through Problem Solving Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practicum was designed to incorporate critical thinking skills instruction and practice into a fourth-grade curriculum to increase fourth-grade students' ability to recognize and apply critical thinking strategies to appropriate situations. This program concentrated on the increasing of six critical thinking skills: classification, sequence…

Rice, Beth

338

The Impact of Self- and Peer-Grading on Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2001 U.S. Supreme Court Case of Falvo v. Owasso School System (Owasso Independent School District No I-011 v. Falvo) has focused national attention on the common classroom practice of peer-grading. In a unanimous decision the court reaffirmed the popular view that students grading each others' tests is valuable, saving teachers' time and…

Sadler, Philip M.; Good, Eddie

2006-01-01

339

Samples of Students' Responses from the Grade 3 Mathematics Performance-based Assessment Tasks, June 1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of Alberta Education's (Canada) broadened assessment initiatives, a sample of 693 Grade 3 students from across the province participated in the Mathematics Performance-based Assessment, 1994. This activity-based assessment, using picture books and manipulatives, was developed by Grade 3 teachers to assess a broad range of skills not easily…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation Branch.

340

Improving Reading, Writing, and Content Learning for Students in Grades 4-12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In contrast to the primary grades when children are learning to read, students in grades 4 through 12 are expected to learn content as they read, yet they may still struggle with reading basics. This book provides a realistic and systematic process for improving reading and writing while enhancing content knowledge and skills. Based on proven…

Taylor, Rosemarye T.

2006-01-01

341

A Comparison of Two Reading Programs on the Reading Outcomes of First-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of two theoretically different reading programs on the reading outcomes of first-grade students (N = 107). Two elementary schools were chosen for participation based on the first-grade reading program currently being implemented in the schools. One school used the "Horizons Fast Track A-B"…

Tobin, Kevin G.; Calhoon, Mary Beth

2009-01-01

342

Primary-Grade Students' Knowledge and Thinking about the Economics of Meeting Families' Shelter Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviewed 216 students in kindergarten through grade 3 about the economics of meeting families' needs for shelter. Responses indicated that most understood that people have to pay for shelter, but most were vague about renting apartments or mortgages. Discusses findings in reference to curriculum and instruction in the early grades. (SLD)

Brophy, Jere; Alleman, Janet

2002-01-01

343

Minimum Reading Fluency Necessary for Comprehension among Second-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study examined the relationship between oral reading fluency (ORF) and reading comprehension for students in second grade. A total of 84 participants were randomly assigned to one of four conditions that involved reading a grade-appropriate passage with either 0%, 10%, 20%, or 30% scrambled words and answering subsequent comprehension…

Burns, Matthew K.; Kwoka, Heather; Lim, Becky; Crone, Melissa; Haegele, Katherine; Parker, David C.; Petersen, Shawna; Scholin, Sarah E.

2011-01-01

344

Predicting English Word Reading Skills for Spanish-Speaking Students in First Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the word reading skills in English and Spanish for a sample of 244 Spanish-speaking, English-learning (hence, bilingual) students in first grade and presents a predictive model for English word reading skills. The children in the study were assessed at the end of kindergarten and first grade, respectively. Data were gathered…

Paez, Mariela; Rinaldi, Claudia

2006-01-01

345

A Survey of Student Assessment Practice in Physical Education: Recommendations for Grading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the physical education discipline, there has been debate and a lack of consensus with regard to the relevancy of various factors used for the determination of student grades such as attendance, being dressed in a physical education uniform, and participation. To examine current professional practice with respect to grading in physical…

Young, Shawna

2011-01-01

346

Increasing Word Recognition with Racially Diverse Second-Grade Students Using Fluency-Oriented Reading Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author examined the effectiveness of 2 fluency-oriented reading programs on improving reading fluency for an ethnically diverse sample of second-grade students. The first approach is Fluency-Oriented Reading Instruction (S. A. Stahl & K. Heubach, 2005), which incorporates the repeated reading of a grade-level text over the course of an…

Turner, Franklin Dickerson

2012-01-01

347

Implementing Strategies in Content Area Reading for Increasing Reading Comprehension of Fifth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A practicum was conducted to improve reading comprehension in classroom performance with the basal reading series and on norm-referenced tests. Subjects included a fifth-grade class of 28 students who were paired with another fifth-grade class as peer teachers. New skills were taught and practiced with the target population early in the week. On…

Cibula, June Clarke

348

Predicting Graduation Status of Nursing Students Using Entering GPA and Grades in Algebra, Biology, and Chemistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was undertaken at Morton College, in Illinois, to examine the relationship of entering grade point average (GPA) and grades in prerequisite support courses in algebra, biology, and chemistry to graduation in the college's nursing program. A sample was developed of 255 students admitted to the nursing program in 1990, 1991, and 1992 and…

Spahr, Anthony E.

349

The Relationship between Curriculum-Based Measures in Oral Reading Fluency and High-Stakes Tests for Seventh Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between oral reading fluency and performance on a statewide reading achievement test for middle grades students. Participants in this study were 75 seventh grade students. One month before the students were administered the state test, each student read three probes from their current…

Hunley, Sawyer A.; Davies, Susan C.; Miller, Christina R.

2013-01-01

350

All Students Can Learn: Effects of Curriculum Alignment on the Mathematics Achievement of Third-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study involved over 4,000 third grade students in a large (90,000+) suburban-emerging-urban school district. The purpose of the study was to examine the effectiveness of curriculum alignment on student achievement in mathematics as measured by the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (IOWA) after one year of implementation in the DeKalb County School…

Mitchell, Felicia Moss

351

Delaware Student Testing Program: Report of Student Questionnaire Survey, 2002 DSTP Administration for Grades 3, 5, 8, 10, and 11 in Reading, Writing, Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the administration of the 2002 Delaware Student Testing Program (DSTP), a questionnaire was given to students in grades 3, 5, 8, and 10 about Opportunity to Learn, Reading, Writing, and Mathematics, and to all students in grades 4, 6, 8, and 11 about Opportunity to Learn, Science, and Social Studies. Students responses to the questions were…

Delaware State Dept. of Education, Dover. Assessment and Accountability Branch.

352

Formal operational reasoning modes: Predictors of critical thinking abilities and grades assigned by teachers in science and mathematics for students in grades nine through twelve  

Microsoft Academic Search

To test the hypothesis that formal operational reasoning modes are predictors of critical thinking abilities and grades assigned by teachers in science and mathematics, in September 1986 the Group Assessment of Logical Thinking (GALT) and in December 1986 the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal (WGCTA) were administered to 101 rural students in Grades 9 through 12. The grades assigned by teachers

Betty L. Bitner

1991-01-01

353

A Preliminary Study of Bully and Victim Behavior in Old-for-Grade Students: Another Potential Hidden Cost of Grade Retention or Delayed School Entry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mounting evidence suggests that being an old-for-grade student, as a result of grade retention or delayed school entry, is related to negative outcomes across various domains of functioning. No known study has examined the relations between old-for-grade status and specific childhood/adolescent bully and victim behaviors. The first purpose of this…

Crothers, Laura M.; Schreiber, James B.; Schmitt, Ara J.; Bell, G. Ronald; Blasik, Jessica; Comstock, Leigh A.; Greisler, Michael J.; Keener, Dana; King, Jamie M.; Lipinski, John

2010-01-01

354

Summer Program in Mathematics and Computer Science for Academically Oriented Students, June 24-July 26, 1991, Washington, DC.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 1991 summer intervention program in mathematics and computer science for academic oriented students was one of our most successful. The five-week program provided intensive and rigorous study for thirty-six mainly ninth and tenth grade students from t...

B. Barnes

1991-01-01

355

An Investigation of Students' Meaningful Causal Thinking Abilities in Terms of Academic Achievement, Reading Comprehension and Gender  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this study is to investigate whether students' meaningful causal thinking abilities vary with their academic achievement levels, reading comprehension abilities, and gender. The sample of the study consisted of 124 ninth grade students attending a secondary school in Adana City Seyhan District during 2008-2009 academic year.…

Berkant, Hasan Guner

2009-01-01

356

Using the clock, light, radio technique to improve engaged time on?task for students with learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the clock, light, radio technique developed by Greenwood, Hops, Delquadri, and Walker (1974) for academic engaged time on?task of students with learning disabilities (LD). The subjects in this study were five ninth?grade Caucasian male students with LD. An ABAC multiple baseline design was employed to evaluate the effects of

Craig K. Whedon; Jeffrey P. Bakken

1999-01-01

357

Developing and Validating Instruments for Measuring Democratic Climate of the Civic Education Classroom and Student Engagement in North Sulawesi, Indonesia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the Rasch Rating Scale model, data collected from 200 ninth grade students in North Sulawesi Indonesia were analysed. This analysis sought to validate instruments developed to measure the Democratic Climate of Civic Education Classrooms (DCCEC) and Student Engagement in Civic Education Classrooms (SECEC). Category used, item and person…

Mappiasse, Sulaiman

2006-01-01

358

Accountability, Rigor, and Detracking: Achievement Effects of Embracing a Challenging Curriculum as a Universal Good for All Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This longitudinal study examines the long-term effects on the achievement of students at a diverse suburban high school after all students were given accelerated mathematics in a detracked middle school as well as ninth-grade "high-track" curriculum in all subjects in heterogeneously grouped classes. Despite considerable research…

Burris, Carol Corbet; Wiley, Ed; Welner, Kevin G.; Murphy, John

2008-01-01

359

The Effects of Different Motivational Climates on Students' Achievement Goals, Motivational Strategies and Attitudes toward Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to analyse whether conducting physical education lessons according to different motivational climates leads to a significant difference between students' achievement goals, motivational strategies and attitudes towards physical education. Participants (81-ninth grade students) were allocated to one of three experimental…

Ilker, Gokce Erturan; Demirhan, Giyasettin

2013-01-01

360

Increasing Student Physical Fitness through Increased Choice of Fitness Activities and Student Designed Fitness Activities for Ninth through Twelfth Graders in Physical Education Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This action research project report began when the teacher researcher determined that students exhibited physical fitness levels below that of the state and national norms, and also displayed negative attitudes about physical education. The purpose of this action research project was to increase physical fitness and fitness attitudes through…

Jacob, Margo A.

2011-01-01

361

Simulation as a Home Learning Environment--Students' Views.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a pilot study aimed at exploring the possibility of introducing simulation-based homework into junior high school ninth grade science classes studying electric circuits. Analyzes students' views in relation to their prior computer experience and their achievement, and discusses results from questionnaires and interviews that show…

Ronen, M.; Eliahu, M.

1999-01-01

362

The Role of Symbolic Logic in a Student's Mathematical Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between logic and mathematics is examined. Four basic concepts inherent in symbolic logic that are typically included in ninth- and tenth-grade mathematics programs are reviewed. Symbolic logic is advocated for all students who will study algebra and/or geometry. (MP)

Sharlow, John F.

1981-01-01

363

Barrier to Success: Community College Students Critical Thinking Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1991, a study was conducted using the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal (CTA) to determine how well students at Rancho Santiago College (RSC), a large, multicultural community institution in Santa Ana, California, demonstrated critical thinking abilities. Written at the ninth grade reading level, the CTA attempts to assess an…

Pearson, Charlene V.

364

The Transformation of School Students' Goals and Motivation to Learn  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research presented in this paper was carried out in 2002 within the framework of the Russian Academy of Education's comprehensive program "The Sociology of Education." This article is based on the materials from a sociological survey of 2,983 students in the seventh, ninth, and eleventh grades of general education schools in Moscow. A total of…

Sobkin, V. S.

2007-01-01

365

Student Self-Concept and Effort: Gender and Grade Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students' self-concept and effort in schoolwork are known to have significant influences on essential academic outcomes, but self-concept and effort may decline as students grow up. Students from 16 schools in Sydney (N = 2200) were asked to rate on two self-concept components (competency and affect) and effort in schoolwork. Based on measures…

Yeung, Alexander Seeshing

2011-01-01

366

Society for College Science Teachers: Grade Inflation -- Is Ranking Students the Answer?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In recent years, several solutions have been proposed at various institutions nationwide to curb the phenomena of "grade inflation". Solutions include limiting the number of A's awarded, converting to a +/- system, publishing the class GPA next to each grade, or publishing an index based on the grades typically awarded in the class (Johnson 2003). With the many variations, exceptions and ranking systems being debated, the fundamental issue remains, whether students should be ranked as a means to contend with the effects of grade inflation.

French, Donald P.

2005-05-01

367

Delaware Student Testing Program: State Summary Report: Science & Social Studies, Spring 2002 Administration, Grades 8 and 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results from the third administration of the 8th and 11th grade science and social studies portions of the Delaware Student Testing Program (DSTP) represent an important step in Delawares efforts to educate all students to a higher level. Science and social studies data for grades 8 and 11 are summarized here, and the results for grades 4 and…

Delaware State Dept. of Education, Dover. Assessment and Accountability Branch.

368

Examining Item Functioning of Math Screening Measures for Grades 1-8 Students. Technical Report Number 08-04  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

BRT Math Screening Measures focus on students' mathematics performance in grade-level standards for students in grades 1-8. A total of 24 test forms are available with three test forms per grade corresponding to fall, winter, and spring testing periods. Each form contains computation problems and application problems. BRT Math Screening Measures…

Liu, Kimy; Ketterlin-Geller, Leanne R.; Yovanoff, Paul; Tindal, Gerald

2008-01-01

369

When the Tail Wags the Dog: Perceptions of Learning and Grade Orientation in, and by, Contemporary College Students and Faculty.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three investigations assessed how concurrent emphases on the intrinsic value of learning and the importance of grades affect college student and instructor views of themselves and of one another. Results suggest that students and instructors have compatible learning and grade orientation ideals, but that current grading practices adversely affect…

Pollio, Howard R.; Beck, Hall P.

2000-01-01

370

Loneliness among students with special educational needs in mainstream seventh grade.  

PubMed

The goals of this study were twofold. The first aim was to explore loneliness prevalence in typically developing students, students with ASD and students with motor and/or sensory disabilities in mainstream 7th grade in Belgium. The second aim was to explore the relations between number of friends, friendship quality, social self-concept on the one hand and loneliness on the other for each of these three groups, and to compare them across groups. In this study, 108 students with special educational needs (SEN; i.e., 58 students with ASD and 50 students with motor and/or sensory disabilities) were matched to 108 typically developing classmates. Students with ASD reported more loneliness than typically developing students and students with motor and/or sensory disabilities. Loneliness prevalence for typically developing students and students with motor and/or sensory disabilities did not differ significantly. Factors related with loneliness differed between typically developing students and students with SEN (i.e., students with ASD and students with motor and/or sensory disabilities). For students with SEN, same-sex social self-concept was related with loneliness, but not, as for typically developing students, number of friends and opposite-sex social self-concept. Also friendship quality had a marginally significant effect on loneliness feelings for students with SEN. Implications for further research and practice are discussed. PMID:22705912

Bossaert, Goele; Colpin, Hilde; Pijl, Sip Jan; Petry, Katja

2012-01-01

371

Grading Standards and Student Performance in Community College and University Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research was undertaken to determine whether comparable grading standards are used in evaluating student performance at two-year community colleges and four-year universities. Examination of academic records of 417 students who took college level math at the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga in fall 2009 compared the performance of those who…

Friedl, John; Pittenger, David J.; Sherman, Michael

2012-01-01

372

Life in a Russian Eighth Grade; A Profile of Students and a School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the general education program for a Russian eighth grade student, compared to key elements reported in Lounsbury and Clark's 1990 national study of eighth graders. Russian intermediate students care how they look, like to socialize and discuss politics, and complete several hours of homework. Schools lack interdisciplinary teaming,…

Zsiray, Stephen W., Jr.; Rodionova, Galina

1992-01-01

373

"Standards"-Based Mathematics Curricula and Middle-Grades Students' Performance on Standardized Achievement Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined achievement patterns of middle school students enrolled in Standards-based curricula, in particular those curricula that were funded from a solicitation of proposals through the National Science Foundation (NSF) in the early 1990s (NSF RFP 91-100). Approximately 1400 middle-grades students who had used either the Connected…

Post, Thomas R.; Harwell, Michael R.; Davis, Jon D.; Maeda, Yukiko; Cutler, Arnie; Andersen, Edwin; Kahan, Jeremy A.; Norman, Ke Wu

2008-01-01

374

Science Grade 7: A Search for Structure. (Teacher's Manual and 4 Student Manuals.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Included in this set are the teacher's guide and the four student laboratory manuals for the seventh grade science program, "A Search For Structure." The program has three phases, each consisting of student-centered, investigative activities. There are two subject area options in phase one: option A, Rocks and Minerals; and option B, Insects. The…

Kolb, Haven, Ed.

375

Using Multiple Representations to Promote Grade 11 Students' Scientific Understanding of the Particle Theory of Matter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored two groups of Grade 11 (age 16-17) students' conceptual understandings about aspects of particle theory before, immediately after, and 3 months after instruction with multiple representations (IMR) and instruction with verbal representations (IVR). Data sources included open-ended questionnaires, interviews, and student

Adadan, Emine

2013-01-01

376

Effects of Concept Cartoons on Mathematics Self-Efficacy of 7th Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research is to determine the effect of concept cartoons on the students' perception of their levels of self-efficacy towards mathematics. The research has been designed as the pre-test post-test with quasi experimental control group. The research participants are composed of 94 7th grade students attending an elementary school…

Sengul, Sare

2011-01-01

377

The Persistence of Misconceptions about the Human Blood Circulatory System among Students in Different Grade Levels  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, it is aimed to investigate the persistence of misconceptions in the topic of the human blood circulatory system among students in different grade levels. For this reason, after discussions with biology educators, two tests consisting of open-ended questions were developed by the researcher and administered to students in four…

Ozgur, Sami

2013-01-01

378

Effects of Brain Gym on Overhand Throwing in First Grade Students: A Preliminary Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose was to examine the effect of Brain Gym on learning the overhand throw among 42 first grade students. Participants from two intact classes were randomly assigned to an experimental or control condition. Students were tested before and after a 5-week intervention using the object control subtest from the Test of Gross Motor Development-2…

Maskell, Bronwen; Shapiro, Deborah R.; Ridley, Christopher

2004-01-01

379

The Effectiveness of Web-Based Curricula on Seventh Grade Mathematics Students in Jordan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of using web-based curricula on seventh grade students' achievement in mathematics in King Abdullah School in Irbid, Jordan. The researcher followed the equivalent pre/post T-test two group designs. To achieve the aim of the study, a pre/post-test was constructed to measure students'…

Muhanna, Wafa

2012-01-01

380

Relations among Grade 4 Students' Perceptions of Autonomy, Engagement in Science, and Reading Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors extend previous work on students' perceptions of teachers' autonomy-enhancing and autonomy-suppressing behaviors in relation to students' engagement to a more situated context (i.e., two Grade 4 science instructional conditions instead of school in general) and a linguistically diverse population (i.e., Hispanic…

Taboada Barber, Ana; Buehl, Michelle M.

2013-01-01

381

Increasing Constructive Behavior of Intermediate Grade Students through the Use of The Response Cost Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research project was to increase constructive behavior of intermediate grade students through the use of the response cost strategy. Approximately 70 students participated in this study. Three teacher researchers conducted the research in an elementary school and two middle schools in different counties near a major mid-western…

Bauer, Heather; Burno, Carolyn; Millstone, Teresa

2009-01-01

382

Thai Grade 11 Students' Alternative Conceptions for Acid-Base Chemistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study involved the development of a two-tier diagnostic instrument to assess Thai high school students' understanding of acid-base chemistry. The acid-base diagnostic test (ABDT) comprising 18 items was administered to 55 Grade 11 students in a science and mathematics programme during the second semester of the 2008 academic year. Analysis of…

Artdej, Romklao; Ratanaroutai, Thasaneeya; Coll, Richard Kevin; Thongpanchang, Tienthong

2010-01-01

383

The Joy of Fs: A Student Guide to Getting Lousy Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students who wish to get bad grades should daydream, not read their textbooks or study manuals, avoid note taking, and procrastinate on assignments. This "manual" is used in an introductory psychology class to modify students' habits and change mediocre classroom behavior. (CS)

Brown, Charles J.

1983-01-01

384

Elementary School Student Burnout Scale for Grades 6-8: A Study of Validity and Reliability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to develop an "Elementary School Student Burnout Scale for Grades 6-8". The study group included 691 students out of 10 schools in Eskisehir. Both Exploratory Factor Analysis and Confirmatory Factor Analysis were conducted on the data (Burnout stem from school activities, burnout stem from family, feeling of…

Aypay, Ayse

2011-01-01

385

Reducing Test Anxiety and Improving Academic Performance in Fourth Grade Students: Exploring an Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quantitative study investigated the effectiveness of a teacher-implemented intervention of eight sessions integrated into an existing curriculum to reduce test anxiety and improve academic performance in fourth grade students. The experimental group, n=23 was drawn from a sample of 64 students in a southwestern Rhode Island public school…

Donato, Jeanne M.

2009-01-01

386

Plus/Minus Grading and Motivation: An Empirical Study of Student Choice and Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers whether student motivation might be impacted by the replacement of a straight (A, B, C, D, F) grading system with a plus/minus system (A, A?, B+ D?, F). The data that are examined are from several undergraduate economics classes at a mid-sized midwestern university in the United States. The data includes student

Mcclure, James E.; Spector, Lee C.

2005-01-01

387

Guided Inquiry Learning Unit on Aquatic Ecosystems for Seventh Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using mini-aquaria experiments, a learning unit on the effects of light period on aquatic ecosystems was developed for 7th grade students. This guided inquiry unit was aimed at helping students understand basic ecological principles involved in relationships among physical, chemical, and biological components in aquatic ecosystems. It involved…

To-im, Jongdee; Ruenwongsa, Pintip

2009-01-01

388

Different Grade Students' Use and Interpretation of Literal Symbols  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the study was to determine and compare 7th, 8th, and 9th grades students' level of use and interpret the literal symbols. In addition, students' responses to questions that require use of different roles of literal symbol were examined to identify the errors. For this purpose, Chelsea Diagnostics Algebra test developed by The…

Celik, Derya; Gunes, Gonul

2013-01-01

389

Exploring Grade 7 Students’ Written Responses to Shaun Tan’s The Arrival  

Microsoft Academic Search

During two multifaceted, classroom-based research projects, Grade 7 students had opportunities to develop their understanding of metafictive devices and art and design elements by reading a selection of picturebooks and graphic novels. The students also had the opportunity to apply their knowledge and create their own multimodal print texts. This article focuses on The Arrival (Shaun Tan, 2006), one of

Sylvia Pantaleo; Alexandra Bomphray

2011-01-01

390

Mathematical Communications: Elementary Pre-Service Teachers' E-Mail Exchanges with Sixth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the communication between pre-service teachers and sixth grade students in a project in which email was used for communication as students learned about fractions and were supported by the pre-service teachers. Specifically, the study investigated how the pre-service teachers applied their mathematical knowledge to understand…

Tunc-Pekkan, Zelha; D'Ambrosio, Beatriz S.

2009-01-01

391

Evaluating Fifth- and Sixth-Grade Students' Expository Writing: Task Development, Scoring, and Psychometric Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from multiple theoretical frameworks representing cognitive and educational psychology, we present a writing task and scoring system for measurement of students' informative writing. Participants in this study were 72 fifth- and sixth-grade students who wrote compositions describing real-world problems and how mathematics, science, and…

Kulikowich, Jonna M.; Mason, Linda H.; Brown, Scott W.

2008-01-01

392

Grade Point Average and Student Outcomes. Data Notes. Volume 5, Number 1, January/February 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from Achieving the Dream: Community College Count, this issue of Data Notes investigates the academic achievement patterns of students attending Achieving the Dream colleges. The data show that 21 percent of students at Achieving the Dream colleges had grade point averages (GPAs) of 3.50 or higher at the end of their first year. At…

Clery, Sue; Topper, Amy

2010-01-01

393

An Exploratory Study of Face-to-Face and Cyberbullying in Sixth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a pilot study, sixth grade students (N = 124) completed a questionnaire assessing students' experience with bullying and cyberbullying, demographic information, quality of parent-child relationship, and ways they have dealt with bullying/cyberbullying in the past. Two multiple regression analyses were conducted. The multiple regression analysis…

Accordino, Denise B.; Accordino, Michael P.

2011-01-01

394

The Importance of Homework in Determining Immigrant Students' Grades in Schools in the USA Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: While a significant body of research has addressed teachers' evaluations of mainstream English speaking students, there is a dearth of such research focusing on immigrant adolescents. As many immigrant students are in the process of acquiring English language proficiency, evaluating and assigning grades to immigrant youth can pose…

Bang, Hee Jin; Suarez-Orozco, Carola; Pakes, Juliana; O'Connor, Erin

2009-01-01

395

Experimental Evidence on the Effect of Grading Incentives on Student Learning in Spain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors aim to identify the causal effect of the use of graded problem sets on academic performance of Spanish students. The identification strategy relies on an experiment in which the authors exploit variation arising from observing the performance of nearly 300 students taking the same class during the same semester and…

Artes, Joaquin; Rahona, Marta

2013-01-01

396

Prediction Training and the Comprehension and Composing Performance of Fourth-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the effects of prediction training on the reading comprehension and written composition performance of fourth-grade students on the following reading and writing tasks: story recall, story generation, and number of relevant predictions. Subjects, 40 students attending two private urban elementary schools, were assigned to one of…

Spears, Myschelle; Gambrell, Linda B.

397

Change in Student Beliefs about Attitudes toward Science in Grades 6-9  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study reports on an investigation of the impact of a Science-Technology-Society (STS) approach in promoting more positive student attitudes toward science that are recommended by current reform documents. A total of 609 students from grades six through nine were selected for a survey of attitudes in two class sections assigned as either…

Akcay, Hakan; Yager, Robert E.; Iskander, Srini M.; Turgut, Halil

2010-01-01

398

Primary-Grade Students' Knowledge and Thinking about Food Production and the Origins of Common Foods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individual interviews were conducted with 96 K-3 students, stratified according to grade level, achievement level, and gender. The students were asked to explain land-to-hand progressions involved in bringing several common foods to our tables, identify products derived from common farm animals, explain why a pound of cereal costs more than a…

Brophy, Jere; Alleman, Janet; O'Mahony, Carolyn

2003-01-01

399

Pocket Power, Grades K-2. Teacher Guide [and] Student Storybook. Financial Fitness for Life.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developing financial fitness requires first developing a knowledge base and then applying it. This teacher guide and student storybook package focuses on personal finance skills for primary school students in grades K-2. The teacher guide contains 16 lessons divided into the 5 theme areas of earning an income, saving, spending, borrowing, and…

Hopkins, Martha C.; Wright, Donna K.

400

Environmental Attitudes, Knowledge, and Behaviors of Missouri 6th- and 12th-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Missouri Department of Conservation (MDC) produces various environmental materials for preschool, elementary, and secondary students and sponsors outdoor education programs. An MDC-sponsored survey of students in grades 6 and 12 found moderate levels of environmental knowledge, with weaknesses in the areas of biodiversity, wetlands, and…

Greene, Janice Schnake; Roddiger, Brian; Drysdale, Li'anne; Gray, Ginger; Merrigan, Colleen; Witter, Dan

2000-01-01

401

Fourth-Grade Elementary Students' Conceptions of Standards-Based Lunar Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fourth-grade students' knowledge of observable moon phases and patterns of change, as well as conceptual understanding of the cause of moon phases, was investigated before and after special instruction. Pretest and post-test data for 48 students were used to address the research question related to observable moon phases and patterns of change.…

Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Atwood, Ronald K.; Christopher, John E.

2007-01-01

402

Report on On-Line Trial Test for Fourth-Grade Students -- May 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On-line trial testing for fourth-grade students was an exploratory study realized as a part of the project "Developing annual test of students' achievement in Nature & Society" realized by Institute for Education Quality and Evaluation. Main ideas of the study were to explore possibilities for on-line testing at national level in Serbia, and to…

Verbic, Srdjan; Tomic, Boris; Kartal, Vesna

2010-01-01

403

Working and Non-Working University Students: Anxiety, Depression, and Grade Point Average  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the differences between 110 working and non-working students in terms of mental health, academic achievement, and perceptions about student employment. Anxiety and depression were measured by the Beck Anxiety Inventory and the Beck Depression Inventory-II. Academic achievement was measured by grade point average. Perceptions of…

Mounsey, Rebecca; Vandehey, Michael A.; Diekhoff, George M.

2013-01-01

404

A Case Study on the Local Organization of Two Mathematically Gifted Seventh-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the performance of two mathematically gifted Korean 7th-grade students in tasks involving local organization in geometry. The students understood the necessity of definitions and starting points in defining terms and organizing geometrical properties. They improved the clarity of their definitions and arranged the properties…

Yim, Jaehoon; Chong, Yeong Ok; Song, Sang Hun; Kwon, Seokil

2008-01-01

405

The Impact of Challenging Geometry and Measurement Units on the Achievement of Grade 2 Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary goal of Project M[superscript 2] was to develop and field-test challenging geometry and measurement units for all K-2 students. This article reports on the achievement results for students in Grade 2 at 12 urban and suburban sites in 4 states using the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (ITBS) mathematics concepts subtest and an open-response…

Gavin, M. Katherine; Casa, Tutita M.; Adelson, Jill L.; Firmender, Janine M.

2013-01-01

406

The Risk of a Halo Bias as a Reason to Keep Students Anonymous during Grading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Experts have advocated anonymous grading as a means of eliminating actual or perceived evaluator bias in subjective student assessment. The utility of anonymity in assessment rests on whether information derived from student identity can unduly influence evaluation. The halo effect provides a conceptual background for why a bias might occur. In…

Malouff, John M.; Emmerton, Ashley J.; Schutte, Nicola S.

2013-01-01

407

Effects of Summer Home Learning Packets on Student Achievement in Language Arts in the Middle Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Baltimore School and Family Connections Project is a collaborative effort to design comprehensive partnership programs and evaluate their results. This case study explores one school's efforts to involve middle-grades students and their families in learning activities at home during the summer break. Marginal students who worked on the home…

Epstein, Joyce L.; And Others

1996-01-01

408

Texas School Survey of Substance Use among Students: Grades 4-6, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet reports on the results of the 1998 Texas School Survey of Substance Use among Students: Grades 4-6. The statewide school survey monitors trends in substance use among public school students, identifies emerging problem areas, and serves as a basis of comparison for local school surveys which are conducted annually by various school…

Wallisch, Lynn S.; Liu, Liang Y.

409

Factors Influencing Mathematical Problem-Solving Achievement of Seventh Grade Turkish Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is known that there are many factors affecting students' problem-solving abilities. In this study, the influence of seventh-grade students' affective factors, their academic success, their gender and their families' educational levels on their problem-solving achievement was examined. To achieve this aim, a Problem-Solving Attitude Scale, a…

Guven, Bulent; Cabakcor, Buket Ozum

2013-01-01

410

Negotiating discourses: Sixth-grade students’ use of multiple science discourses during a science fair presentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study offers important insights into the coexistence of multiple discourses and the link between these discourses and science understanding. It offers concrete examples of students’ movement between multiple discourses in sixth-grade science fair presentations, and shows how those multiple discourses in science practices illuminate students’ understanding of science and offer insights into how they engage in the complex thinking

Kimberley Gomez

2007-01-01

411

Negotiating Discourses: Sixth-Grade Students' Use of Multiple Science Discourses during a Science Fair Presentation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study offers important insights into the coexistence of multiple discourses and the link between these discourses and science understanding. It offers concrete examples of students' movement between multiple discourses in sixth-grade science fair presentations, and shows how those multiple discourses in science practices illuminate students'…

Gomez, Kimberley

2007-01-01

412

Grade-12 Students' Misconceptions Relating to Fundamental Characteristics of Atoms and Molecules.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies misconceptions related to the fundamental characteristics of atoms and molecules held by twelfth-grade students. Data were obtained by administration of semistructured interviews to a stratified, random sample of 30 students. Fifty-two misconceptions were observed and reported. Some of the misconceptions identified parallel the…

Griffiths, Alan K.; Preston, Kirk R.

1992-01-01

413

The Effects of Task Demands and Additive Interspersal Ratios on Fifth-Grade Students' Mathematics Accuracy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assignments were altered to determine if interspersing additional briefer and easier mathematics problems enhanced students' accuracy on longer, more difficult target problems across two types of mathematics assignments. Students (N = 52) from three fifth-grade classes completed six math assignments incorporating two task demands and three…

Hawkins, James; Skinner, Christopher H.; Oliver, Renee

2005-01-01

414

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS DPA). Student Guide. Grade 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards Dual Purpose Assessment (AIMS DPA) is a combination of two separate tests. One test is AIMS, which measures how well students know the reading, writing, and mathematics content that all Arizona students at the sixth grade level are expected to know and be able to do. AIMS DPA includes multiple-choice…

Arizona Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

415

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS DPA). Student Guide. Grade 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards Dual Purpose Assessment (AIMS DPA) is a combination of two separate tests. One test is AIMS, which measures how well the student knows the reading, writing , and mathematics content that all Arizona students at the third grade level are expected to know and be able to do. AIMS includes multiple-choice…

Arizona Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

416

Urban Seventh Grade Students: A Report of Health Risk Behaviors and Exposure to Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The health of adolescents and the adults they will become can be linked to the health-related behaviors they adopt as children. To replicate a pilot study with a more culturally diverse population a descriptive, correlational study was undertaken with 379 seventh grade students. Key findings from this study include (a) students exposed or involved…

Dowdell, Elizabeth Burgess

2012-01-01

417

Grade Retention and Student Outcomes: Data from High School and Beyond.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Affective and academic outcomes of grade retention were studied using the High School and Beyond (HSB) data set--a large, nationally representative sample of students. More specifically, the study: compared the academic (achievement and educational attainment) and affective (educational aspirations) outcomes of retained and non-retained students,…

Marion, Scott F.; And Others

418

Should Athletic Training Educators Utilize Grades When Evaluating Student Clinical Performance?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To explore and address some of the challenges for assessing, interpreting, and grading athletic training students' clinical performance and to suggest athletic training educators consider using a more universal assessment method for professional consistency. Background: In years past students learned from teachers or mentors on an…

Scriber, Kent; Gray, Courtney; Millspaugh, Rose

2010-01-01

419

Correlation of Social Science Students' Grade Outcome with Reading and Writing Scores.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted at College of the Sequoias (COS) to examine the entry-level reading and writing skills of students and their grade outcomes in the social science courses for which they were enrolled. The study sought to identify any predictors of students' eventual success/non-success in class. The study focused on the placement test scores…

Parrott, Marietta

420

Review of "The Misplaced Math Student: Lost in Eighth-Grade Algebra"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Brookings Institution report questions the efficacy of increasing the number of students who take algebra in eighth grade. Although this policy has resulted in more equitable access to advanced math study, the report argues that a subgroup of students enrolled lack the basic mathematical skills needed to succeed. The report further argues that…

Burris, Carol Corbett

2008-01-01

421

A Controlled Trial of a Physical Fitness Program for Fifth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relative effectiveness of a structured physical fitness program for fifth-grade students was compared with the effectiveness of the customary physical education activities. Students in the structured exercise program showed significant improvement in flexibility, strength, and endurance, and maintained gains during the summer. (Author/PP)

Duncan, Burris W.; And Others

1983-01-01

422

Special Environmental Education Project for Disadvantaged Gifted Primary Grade Students: 1980-81.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Outdoor Activity Center (Atlanta, Georgia) provides enriched experiences in a natural environment for economically disadvantaged gifted primary grade students and has developed materials incorporating creative activities used at the Center to expand the elementary science curriculum of the Atlanta Public Schools. Fifty-eight gifted students

Ballagas, Linda D.

423

Effects of Parenting and Home Environment on Student Achievement in Grades 3 to 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports preliminary findings of a 3-year study examining the ability of qualitative and quantitative measures of the home environment variables (HEV's) to contribute to the prediction of third- through fifth-grade students' achievement and growth scores in reading and mathematics. Data were obtained for 198 parent/student pairs from…

Olson, Craig C.

424

Guided Writing Lessons: Second-Grade Students' Development of Strategic Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes intra-individual change in strategic behavior of five second-grade students during three months of guided writing instruction for informational text. Data sources included sequential coding of writing behavior from videotaped writing events and analytic assessment of writing products. Students' development of self-scaffolding…

Gibson, Sharan A.

2008-01-01

425

The Long-Term Effects of Strategy-Focussed Writing Instruction for Grade Six Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We compared 56 eighth-grade students who, 28 months previously, had received instruction in strategies for planning and revising their writing, with 21 students of similar academic ability from the same school who had not experienced the intervention. Both groups wrote an expository essay whilst logging their writing activities and completed…

Fidalgo, Raquel; Torrance, Mark; Garcia, Jesus-Nicasio

2008-01-01

426

Description of Factors Related to the Grade Level Retention Rates of Elementary School African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the state of Georgia, African Americans represent 38% of the student population, yet they account for more than half of the grade level retentions each year (The Governor's Office of Student Achievement, 2009). The purpose of this study was to determine if relationships exist between the disproportionate retention rate of African American…

Linder, Rozlyn T.

2010-01-01

427

An Examination of the Earned Grade Distributions Between "Successful" and "Dropout" Students at Yakima Valley College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to determine whether significant differences exist between successful students and dropouts in terms of mean grade point averages (g.p.a.'s) in each college department, and to ascertain composite course evaluation patterns on an intra- and inter-divisional basis. The students involved in this study were the same as those who were…

Rice, Gary A.

428

A Study of Interventions and Strategies To Improve Attending Behaviors in First and Second Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This action research project describes an intervention to increase attending and on-task behaviors in first- and second-grade students. The problem of inattentive behaviors was documented by means of teacher, student, and parent surveys and teacher observations. The intervention used behavioral management, organizational strategies, role playing,…

Adams, Linda; LeNoac'h, Robin

429

State Test Score Trends through 2008-09, Part 3: Student Achievement at 8th Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past few decades, concerns have escalated about the quality of education in the U.S. for students in the middle grades. Children entering adolescence have unique educational, social, and emotional needs. How effectively the nation is educating these students has long been a topic of research and debate. This study by the Center on…

Chudowsky, Naomi; Chudowsky, Victor

2011-01-01

430

How Fifth-Grade Students Use Story Mapping to Aid Their Reading Comprehension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This thesis examined the reading comprehension process of three fifth-grade students who demonstrated the ability to read and write fluently but had difficulties remembering and understanding important information about what they read. The aim of this research was to develop and implement an effective teaching strategy for low-achieving students

Weih, Timothy G.

2000-01-01

431

Content Area Literacy: Individualizing Student Instruction in Second-Grade Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes a second-grade science curriculum designed to individualize student instruction (ISI-Science) so that students, regardless of initial science and literacy skills, gain science knowledge and reading skills. ISI-Science relies on the 5-E Learning Cycle as a framework and incorporates flexible, homogeneous, literacy skills-based…

Connor, Carol McDonald; Kaya, Sibel; Luck, Melissa; Toste, Jessica R.; Canto, Angela; Rice, Diana; Tani, Novell; Underwood, Phyllis S.

2010-01-01

432

Students Using Handheld Computers to Learn Collaboratively in a First Grade Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ethnographic study investigated how first grade students used handheld computers to learn in collaboration with others throughout the learning process. This research focused specifically on how the use of handheld computers impacts students' learning outcomes and relates to technology standards. A qualitative methodology was used to capture…

Fritz, Megan Lynne

2005-01-01

433

A la Carte Grading: Providing Students Opportunities to Determine their Own Paths to Success  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes the use of the mastery learning approach for two large enrollment introductory level courses. Students were required to complete a minimum number of assignments, and were then given the option to complete additional work that could be substituted for other completed assignments. In general, student perception of these grading systems was favorable; however, students did not seem to take full advantage of the available options because many did not choose to complete the additional assessments that could demonstrate further learning and be used to improve their course grade.

Thompson, James

434

Grade-12 Students' Misconceptions of Covalent Bonding and Structure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a multiple choice, pencil and paper, diagnostic instrument used to measure student understanding of covalent bonding and structure concepts. Reports evidence of seven commonly held misconceptions. (MVL)

Peterson, Raymond F.; Treagust, David F.

1989-01-01

435

The effects of interactive (TIPS) homework on family involvement and science achievement of middle grade students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of interactive and non-interactive science homework assignments on family involvement in homework, homework completion and accuracy, student science achievement, and student and parent attitudes about science. Most previous research on homework has examined what parental involvement results naturally, without prompts or instruction from teachers. In contrast, this study experimentally examined the effects of teacher prompts to parents for involvement in their children's homework. Two hundred and fifty-three students from 10 classes of sixth and eighth grade students participated in the study that lasted 18 weeks of the school year. Six classes of students completed the TIPS (Teachers Involve Parents In Schoolwork) interactive homework assignments, and four classes completed the non-interactive assignments that contained the same content and questions as the TIPS assignments. TIPS students received instructions to involve a parent or other family partner in certain sections of the homework assignment. ATIPS students received the same assignment with no instruction to involve another person. Results indicated that TIPS students more often involved parents in their science homework assignments than ATIPS students. However, TIPS science students reported no more parental involvement in homework than ATIPS students in subjects not assigning interactive homework. Therefore, the TIPS instructions elicited more parental involvement in homework than the ATIPS assignments. TIPS students did not differ from ATIPS students in the percent of homework returned or accuracy. Students who rated the homework more positively and involved families regularly returned more homework assignments than students who did not do so. TIPS students did earn significantly higher science report card grades than ATIPS students after controlling for background variables, teacher effects, and percent of homework returned. Exploratory analyses of matched student and parent data suggest the importance of both student and parent data in research of interactive homework. The results of the study indicate the benefits of well-designed interactive homework for levels of family involvement, science attitudes, and science achievement.

van Voorhis, Frances Landis

436

The association between academic achievement and health status among eighth-grade Hispanic students in Houston  

Microsoft Academic Search

This cross-sectional study examines the association between health and academic achievement among Hispanic eighth-grade students in the Houston Independent School District. As part of the district's 3 year Safe Schools\\/Healthy Students Initiative to enhance comprehensive educational programs, a brief anonymous questionnaire was administered in the classroom to 359 students in two schools during a one-month period in the early part

Barbara Joan Low

2001-01-01

437

Perfectionism, Implicit Theories of Intelligence, and Taiwanese Eighth-Grade Students’ Academic Engagement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors attempted to examine how Taiwanese junior high school students’ perfectionistic tendencies and implicit theories of intelligence were related to their academic emotions and approach versus avoidance self-regulation, and to determine differences in contingent self-worth, emotions, and self-regulation among students with different subtypes of perfectionism. A total of 481 8th-grade Taiwanese students completed a self-reported survey assessing their perfectionistic

Shu-Shen Shih

2011-01-01

438

End of Course Grades and Standardized Test Scores: Are Grades Predictive of Student Achievement?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the extent to which end-of-course grades are predictive of Virginia Standards of Learning test scores in nine high school content areas. It also analyzed the impact of the variables school cluster attended, gender, ethnicity, disability status, Limited English Proficiency status, and socioeconomic status on the relationship…

Ricketts, Christine R.

2010-01-01

439

Developing Addition and Regrouping Competence among Second Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of using the concrete-representational-abstract (CRA) teaching sequence with integrated strategy instruction for developing addition with regrouping competence among students with learning difficulties in mathematics. A total of 16 lessons were provided to 24 students during a six-week…

Miller, Susan P.; Kaffar, Bradley J.

2011-01-01

440

Classroom Breakfast: Helping Maryland Students Make the Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Fall 1998, the Maryland State Department of Education and six local school systems started a pilot program to evaluate the impact of serving breakfast to students in the classroom as part of the school day. Students in participating schools have an opportunity to eat breakfast in their classroom each day at no charge, regardless of family…

Terry, Sheila G.; Kerry, Kimberly

441

Academic Freedom and Student Grading in Greek Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of who has the final say on academic standards (grading), academics or managers, has hitherto not arisen in Greece. Professors entitled to research, to teach and to inquire is a freedom expressed by the Greek Constitution. This article presents a contemporary view and raises concerns about the future and the longevity of academic freedom…

Papadimitriou, Antigoni

2011-01-01

442

Advising Students about Required Grade-Point Averages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sophomores interested in professional colleges with grade-point average (GPA) standards for admission to upper division courses will need specific and realistic information concerning the requirements. Specifically, those who fall short of the standard must assess the likelihood of achieving the necessary GPA for professional program admission.…

Moore, W. Kent

2006-01-01

443

The Effect of Seat Location on Exam Grades and Student Perceptions in an Introductory Biology Class  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The effect of seat location on learning has received surprisingly little attention in education literature (Weinstein 1979). Classroom experience and education literature suggest that students who sit in the front of a lecture hall are more likely to get As than students in the back (Benedict and Hoag 2004; Holliman and Anderson 1986; Pedersen 1994). The explanation may seem obvious--front-row students get better grades because they are better students. An experiment shows that sitting in the back of a lecture hall rather than the front does not have a detrimental effect on student performance on exams.

Taper, Mark L.; Kalinowki, Steven

2007-01-01

444

Final Report of the Evaluation of the 1969-1970 Benjamin Franklin Cluster Program: Programs and Patterns for Disadvantaged High School Students. ESEA Title I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Cluster Program at Benjamin Franklin High School, funded under Title I of the 1965 Elementary Secondary Education Act, is designed to be a school within a school in which 249 ninth grade students attend classes in two separate clusters. Each cluster is formulated such that all students receive instruction from five teachers in classes whose…

Hoffman, Louis J.

445

Examining the Silence of Academic Disappointment: A Typology of Students' Reasons for Not Discussing Disappointing Grades with Instructors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although student-teacher interactions about disappointing grades can be beneficial, students do not always engage in them. The objective of this study was to explore the domain of reasons undergraduate students report for not discussing disappointing grades with their instructors. The data analysis yielded six main categories of reasons:…

Wright, Courtney N.

2013-01-01

446

A study of the relationship between reflective writing and critical thinking in seventh grade integrated science students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the role of reflective journal writing on the development of critical thinking in seventh grade integrated science students. The students participating in this study were part of four science classes taught by the same instructor, using the same curriculum and methods employed during this study. The larger working group consisted of 69 seventh grade students who were

Mark Adam Rowicki

2001-01-01

447

A comparison of concrete and formal science instruction upon science achievement and reasoning ability of sixth grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several recent studies suggest concrete learners make greater gains in student achievement and in cognitive development when receiving concrete instruction than when receiving formal instruction. This study examined the effect of concrete and formal instruction upon reasoning and science achievement of sixth grade students. Four intact classes of sixth grade students were randomly selected into two treatment groups; concrete and

Walter L. Saunders; Daniel Shepardson

1987-01-01

448

The Relationship between Measures of Vocabulary and Narrative Writing Quality in Second- and Fourth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between measures of written vocabulary and writing quality. Participants included 92 second-grade students and 101 fourth-grade students. Students completed two writing samples: one an experimenter-developed writing task and the other, a standardized assessment of writing quality. Research…

Olinghouse, Natalie G.; Leaird, Jacqueline T.

2009-01-01

449

Grade 6 French Immersion Students' Performance on Large-Scale Reading, Writing, and Mathematics Tests: Building Explanations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of Ontario standardized-test scores indicates that French-immersion students, who had lagged behind regular English-program students in grade 3, had comparable or higher achievement scores in reading, writing, and mathematics by grade 6. Little support was found for possible explanations involving selective attrition of weaker students

Turnbull, Miles; Hart, Doug; Lapkin, Sharon

2003-01-01

450

Technical Adequacy of Early Numeracy Curriculum-Based Progress Monitoring Measures for Kindergarten and First-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine six early numeracy measures used to monitor the mathematics progress of kindergarten and first-grade students. Seventy-one kindergarten students and 75 first-grade students were administered the measures each week. Delayed-alternate form reliability was adequate for instructional decision making on some…

Hampton, David D.; Lembke, Erica S.; Lee, Young-Sun; Pappas, Sandra; Chiong, Cynthia; Ginsburg, Herbert P.

2012-01-01

451

Building and Aggregating Evaluations: The Example of Grading Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In chapter 2, we tried to show that “voting”, although being a familiar activity to almost everyone, raises many important\\u000a and difficult questions that are closely connected to the subject of this book. Our main objective in this chapter is similar.\\u000a We all share the — more or less pleasant — experience of having received “grades” in order to evaluate

Denis Bouyssou; Thierry Marchant; Marc Pirlot; Patrice Perny; Alexis Tsoukiàs; Philippe Vincke

452

AN ANALYSIS OF CERTAIN ASPECTS OF THE VERBAL BEHAVIOR OF STUDENT TEACHERS OF EIGHTH GRADE STUDENTS PARTICIPATING IN A BSCS LABORATORY BLOCK.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS STUDY WAS CONDUCTED TO DETERMINE THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE VERBAL BEHAVIOR OF STUDENT TEACHERS AND THE ACHIEVEMENT AND SELECTED ATTITUDES OF EIGHTH GRADE STUDENTS. TEN STUDENT TEACHERS PARTICIPATED IN A WORKSHOP DESIGNED TO PREPARE THE STUDENT TEACHERS TO TEACH SCIENTIFIC INQUIRY. THE STUDENT TEACHERS WERE RESPONSIBLE FOR TEACHING A…

LASHIER, WILLIAM STANLEY

453

The effect of instruction on burn prevention in eighth-grade students in preparation for babysitting.  

PubMed

New parents quickly discover that the greatest resource for child care at the least cost are teenage babysitters. These sitters assume the responsibility for burn prevention of young children. This study tested the effect of a burn prevention presentation on pre- and posttest scores of eighth-grade students (N = 119) from five sections of a science class. Students were between the ages of 12 and 14 years and 99 of them (83.2%) were babysitters. Multiple analysis of variance was calculated, and differences were seen between information regarding burns from hot bath water, cigarette lighters, and baby bottles that were heated in microwave ovens; however, the differences were not significant. This study concluded that eighth-grade students learned burn prevention before they entered the eighth grade but that there is a need to update these babysitters on burn prevention and new hazards such as cigarette lighters and microwave ovens. PMID:1429823

Thompson, R; Summers, S; Rampey-Dobbs, R; Mani, M M; Hiebert, J H; Schneider, S

1992-01-01

454

Exploring how experience with planning impacts first grade students' planning and solutions to engineering design problems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation presents research that investigated how first grade students' ability to construct solutions and to plan through drawing for engineering design problems is related to their participation in a LEGO-based engineering curriculum with two variations on the instruction for planning. The quasi-experimental design engaged two first grade classrooms in an urban K-6 Science and Technology elementary school outside of Boston, MA in a set of activities that asked students to construct solutions to engineering design problems inspired by the story of Goldilocks and the Three Bears. The planning classroom was provided with instructions on how to plan and students were required to plan through drawing prior to constructing their solution to engineering design problems. Students in the spontaneous classroom were not given instruction in planning and were allowed immediate access to materials to construct their solution. Students' drawings and constructed artifacts for engineering design problems during pre and post assessments as well as during the classroom were collected. The analysis of the classroom data found that students were able to successfully construct solutions to engineering design problems with increasingly number of requirements. Pre and post comparisons of students' performance on problems with materials they had had extensive experience with (LEGO) and craft materials (non-LEGO) found that students only made gains in constructing solutions to engineering design problems with materials they had prior experience with. The planning intervention appeared to have no relationship with students' ability to construct solutions that addressed requirements that were clearly presented to the students. However, there may be a relationship with less obvious requirements regarding aesthetics (as measured by symmetry of the artifacts) and material selection. In general, the findings suggest that planning through drawing may help students preserve their ideas but that first grade students do not use drawings for planning in the same manner as adults do. Implications for engineering education for early elementary are also discussed.

Portsmore, Merredith D.

455

Perceptions and attitudes with respect to drug use among grades 4 to 6 students: 1992.  

PubMed

Over 2,600 students in Grades 4 to 6 participated, over a 1-year period ending June 30, 1992, in a survey to determine perceptions and attitudes of drug use. While the majority of students did not use drugs, the survey revealed some interesting perceptions. Not all students were aware drugs could be harmful to their health. They indicated using drugs makes you look older, feel good, and get attention. Some felt drugs might be used to be like their friends. This age group of students are obviously very aware of the "drug scene." It is imperative that education start at a very young age. PMID:8144277

Porter-Serviss, S; Opheim, E E; Hindmarsh, K W

1994-01-01

456

Grading Teachers, Grading Schools. Is Student Achievement a Valid Evaluation Measure?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 24 chapters of this collection discuss contemporary approaches to using student learning gains to evaluating teachers or schools. The four methods considered are: (1) the Oregon Teacher Work Sample Methodology (chapters 2 through 6); (2) the Dallas Value-Added Accountability System (Texas) (chapters 7 through 11); (3) the Tennessee Value-Added…

Millman, Jason, Ed.

457

Development and evaluation of a computer program to grade student performance on peripheral blood smears  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Today's medical laboratories are dealing with cost containment health care policies and unfilled laboratory positions. Because there may be fewer experienced clinical laboratory scientists, students graduating from clinical laboratory science (CLS) programs are expected by their employers to perform accurately in entry-level positions with minimal training. Information in the CLS field is increasing at a dramatic rate, and instructors are expected to teach more content in the same amount of time with the same resources. With this increase in teaching obligations, instructors could use a tool to facilitate grading. The research question was, "Can computer-assisted assessment evaluate students in an accurate and time efficient way?" A computer program was developed to assess CLS students' ability to evaluate peripheral blood smears. Automated grading permits students to get results quicker and allows the laboratory instructor to devote less time to grading. This computer program could improve instruction by providing more time to students and instructors for other activities. To be valuable, the program should provide the same quality of grading as the instructor. These benefits must outweigh potential problems such as the time necessary to develop and maintain the program, monitoring of student progress by the instructor, and the financial cost of the computer software and hardware. In this study, surveys of students and an interview with the laboratory instructor were performed to provide a formative evaluation of the computer program. In addition, the grading accuracy of the computer program was examined. These results will be used to improve the program for use in future courses.

Lehman, Donald Clifford

458

Using Multiple Representations to Promote Grade 11 Students' Scientific Understanding of the Particle Theory of Matter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study explored two groups of Grade 11 (age 16-17) students' conceptual understandings about aspects of particle theory before, immediately after, and 3 months after instruction with multiple representations (IMR) and instruction with verbal representations (IVR). Data sources included open-ended questionnaires, interviews, and student artifacts. The data were analyzed using statistical and descriptive methods to compare the extent of change and persistence in the IMR and IVR students' conceptual understandings of particle theory. The results indicated that the students held similar, but poor understandings of particle theory prior to any instruction. After instruction, the IMR students outperformed the IVR students in terms of developing scientific understandings about each aspect of particle theory and maintaining such understandings over a period of time. The results demonstrated that carefully designed instruction using multiple representations can be very efficacious in promoting and maintaining students' scientific understanding.

Adadan, Emine

2013-06-01

459

Making the Grade: Stress and Business Student Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a study designed to identify and describe the component patterns of behavior measured by the Forbes Stress Scale. Relates each component pattern to various student characteristics, classroom performance, university achievement, and satisfaction scores. Discusses a field test of a classroom method designed to minimize distress while…

Bayley, Gerald A.

1984-01-01

460

The Erroneous Derivative Examples of Eleventh Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The derivative is not only an important subject for mathematics but also is an important subject for engineering, physics, economy, chemistry, and statistics. Especially, mathematics depends on strongly preceding learning and the subject of derivative will be used in university education by all students. Therefore, it is one of the most important…

Gur, Hulya; Barak, Basak

2007-01-01

461

Law Enforcement Education in the Middle Grades: Police Student Relations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet describes the Police/Student Relations (PSR) project, which is a new approach to delinquency prevention. The method which is outlined used parts of familiar program plans, but takes advantage of natural abilities and characteristics which allow children to continue functioning in a healthy way, changing their attitudes before they…

McDonald, Phyllis P.

462

Reading Comprehension, Learning Styles, and Seventh Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reading is a basic life skill. Unfortunately, in 2007, only 29% of all eighth graders were able to comprehend at or above a proficient reading comprehension level. Sensory learning styles (kinesthetic, tactile, auditory, and visual) affect the way that students prefer to learn and the areas in which they will have difficulty learning. This study…

Williams, Judy

2010-01-01

463

Nontraditional Students, Accelerated Programs, Grade Expectations, and Instructor Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is intended as both a cautionary tale and an encouraging guide for instructors who are beginning to teach in accelerated programs designed to attract nontraditional students. This article is based, in part, on classroom action research conducted through surveys, observations, exams, and assessments, in an introductory business law…

Gershuny, Pamela; Rainey, Carolyn

2006-01-01

464

LGBTQA Students on Campus: Is Higher Education Making the Grade?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As D'Augelli and Grossman note "educational researchers have overlooked the development of sexual orientation among adolescents and youth." Certainly, those working in higher education have, in many cases, overlooked lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and ally (LGBTQA) students' needs and not provided sufficient resources to address their…

Rankin, Susan R.

2006-01-01

465

Sequencing and Graphic Novels with Primary-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors discuss the burgeoning number of graphic novels being published for young readers (approximately PK-3) and suggest a new term for identifying this format and audience: primary graphic novels (PGNs), for primary level students. They go on to describe a series of lessons they conducted with a class of 1st and 2nd graders to capitalize on…

Chase, Maggie; Son, Eun Hye; Steiner, Stan

2014-01-01

466

Introduction to Marketing for 9th Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to enable students to develop knowledge of personal strengths and weaknesses and to be able to understand the relationship of these characteristics to educational and vocational choices, this guide presents an introductory program on vocations using a thematic interdisciplinary approach to career awareness. It is suggested that the…

Krotosky, Paul; Johnson, Jeannie G.

467

Mixed Results in a Transitional Planning Program for Alternative School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Disciplinary alternative schools have a reputation as gateways to the juvenile and criminal justice systems. The authors conducted an evaluation of an intervention (Strategies for Success) designed to divert seventh-, eighth-, and ninth-grade alternative school students from this gateway. They used propensity score matching and a multivariate…

Wolf, Elaine M.; Wolf, Douglas A.

2008-01-01

468

Cosmic Chemistry: A Proactive Approach to Summer Science for High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though school is out for the summer, ninth- and tenth-grade students at Union Intermediate High School are burning off energy playing a game of tag on the soccer field. But that is not all they are doing. They are also synthesizing and applying key chemistry concepts they have just learned related to the conditions of the early solar system. They…

Parsley, Danette; Ristvey, John

2014-01-01

469

Assessing Social Support in Mexican and Mexican American High School StudentsA Validation Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is a means of validating the Harter's Social Support Scale for Children on a sample of Mexican and Mexican American ninth-grade students to assist researchers and practitioners to more accurately assess this variable on this specific Latino group. The psychometric information was obtained through intercorrelations and Cronbach's alpha. Results indicated that the scale was an adequate measure of

Eric J. López; Loretta Salas

2006-01-01

470

Students' Perceptions of Single-Gender Science and Mathematics Classroom Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While participating in single- and mixed-gender science and mathematics classes, ninth-grade urban high school students' (n = 118) academic self-concept, self-efficacy, and school climate perceptions were examined. Their perceptions were measured quantitatively from the Fennema-Sherman Mathematics (modified for Science) Attitude and the Patterns…

Brown, Sherri L.; Ronau, Robert R.

2012-01-01

471

A Professional Development School--Sponsored Summer Program for At-Risk Secondary Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development and implementation of a Professional Development School (PDS)--sponsored summer program for at-risk secondary students is described. Literature related to PDSs and summer programs is followed by a presentation of data findings and analysis. Attendance and grade point average data gathered on the 17 participating rising ninth

Cuddapah, Jennifer L.; Masci, Frank J.; Smallwood, Jo Ellen; Holland, Jennifer

2008-01-01

472

Student Outcomes in Co-Taught Secondary English Classes: How Can We Improve?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Co-teaching is a frequently suggested service delivery model for meeting the needs of students with learning disabilities (LD) in an inclusive environment. However, there is currently little empirical research to support these suggestions. In this study, general and special educators at one secondary site taught ninth-grade English in four…

Murawski, Wendy W.

2006-01-01

473

Teacher to Teacher: What Text Have You Found Most Successful with Your Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Teacher to Teacher" provides a forum for teachers to share ideas, materials, and activities. In this article, the first teacher describes the effects the well-known novel "Bleachers" (John Grisham, New York: Doubleday, 2003) had on a ninth-grade english class. The novel bought to life the high school culture that the students found challenging.…

Rallo, Curt; Roessing, Lesley J.

2006-01-01

474

Effects of a health-promotion programme in sixth grade German students' physical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study was to assess the effects of a school-based health-promotion programme in physical education (PE) on sixth grade German students' motor performance, BMI and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). In a quasi-experimental design, 516 students (54.7% girls) were assigned to either the intervention group (IG) that received eight 90-minute health-promoting PE lessons or the control group

Oliver Höner; Yolanda Demetriou

2012-01-01

475

Evaluation of a peaceful conflict resolution and violence prevention curriculum for sixth-grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To evaluate a Social Cognitive Theory–based violence prevention curriculum among sixth-grade students.Methods: The evaluation was conducted using a quasi-experimental pretest–posttest control group design. Students were pretested 2 weeks before the intervention started and were posttested 2 weeks after it ended. The study was conducted in four middle schools serving children and adolescents living in or around public housing in

Robert H DuRant; Shari Barkin; Daniel P Krowchuk

2001-01-01

476

Students' Attitudes Toward Chemistry Lessons: The Interaction Effect between Grade Level and Gender  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the interaction effect between grade level and gender with respect to students' attitudes toward chemistry lessons taught in secondary schools. The sample consisted of 954 chemistry students in grades Secondary 4-7 (approximately 16-19 years of age) in Hong Kong. Students' attitudes were surveyed using an attitude toward chemistry lessons scale (ATCLS), and subscale scores were produced on four dimensions: liking for chemistry theory lessons; liking for chemistry laboratory work; evaluative beliefs about school chemistry; and behavioral tendencies to learn chemistry. When the ATCLS data were subjected to two-way MANOVA, the interaction effect between grade level and gender on students' attitudes toward chemistry lessons was statistically significant. The interaction effect was attributable to scores on the theory lessons subscale and laboratory work subscale. Male students in Secondary 4 and 5 liked chemistry theory lessons more than their female counterparts. However, male students' liking for chemistry laboratory work declined when they progressed from Secondary 4 to Secondary 7; no such a significant decline in attitude toward chemistry laboratory work was found in females. Overall, both males and females were just marginally positive about chemistry lessons during the years of secondary schooling. Implications of these findings for curriculum design are discussed.

Cheung, Derek

2009-01-01

477

Retention of Hispanic/Latino students in first grade: Child, parent, teacher, school, and peer predictors.  

PubMed

A sample of 283 Hispanic children with literacy performance at entrance to first grade below the median for their school district was studied as part of a larger research project on the predictors of grade retention in grade 1. Following retention decisions, 51 Hispanic students were retained in first grade. Low literacy skills, being young at entrance to first grade, low ego resilience, low support in the teacher-student relationship, and parents' low sense of responsibility for their children's educational outcomes predicted retention decisions. Hierarchical logistics regression investigated the contribution of six categories of variables (academic competencies; socio-demographic characteristics; social, emotional, and behavioral adjustment; resiliency, school context; and home environment) to retention. Controlling for literacy, only being young for grade and parents' low sense of responsibility for their children's adjustment to school made a direct contribution to retention. Early literacy skills were higher for children enrolled in bilingual classrooms than for children in non-bilingual classrooms. Implications for educational policy are discussed. PMID:20419036

Willson, Victor L; Hughes, Jan N

2006-02-01

478

Physics Matters, 1st Edition, with Student Access Card eGrade Plus 1 Term Set  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Written by authors who have vast experience in communicating science to general audiences, Physics Matters conveys the principles of physics in a manner that is understandable to non-majors. In a prose style that is clear, engaging, and contemporary, it pays particular attention to the relevance of physics in comprehending our modern technological society and the issues created by those technologies. It offers a broad, relatively non-mathematical, and highly readable survey of all the standard topics in physics. Before you buy, make sure you are getting the best value and all the learning tools you'll need to succeed in your course. If your professor requires eGrade Plus, you can purchase it now at no additional cost! With this special eGrade Plus package you get the new text--no highlighting, no missing pages, no food stains--an activity book with class activities, self study and homework assignments, as well as a registration code to eGrade Plus, a suite of effective learning tools to help you get a better grade. eGrade Plus gives you: A complete online version of the textbook Video experiments Student web projects Self assessment tests Homework questions with links to the relevant section of the online book eGrade Plus is a powerful online tool that provides students with an integrated suite of teaching and learning resources and an online version of the text in one easy-to-use website.

Trefil, James

2004-04-01

479

ENERGY, A SCIENCE UNIT FOR THE UPPER ELEMENTARY GRADES, STUDENT MANUAL.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

PREPARED UNDER THE SPONSORSHIP OF THE SCIENCE CURRICULUM IMPROVEMENT STUDY, THIS TRIAL EDITION OF A STUDENT MANUAL FOR A UNIT ON ENERGY IS INTENDED FOR USE AT THE FIFTH AND SIXTH GRADE LEVELS. IT IS DESIGNED ESSENTIALLY AROUND PUPIL-CENTERED ACTIVITIES WHICH REQUIRE BOTH QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE OBSERVATIONS. THE ACTIVITIES IN PART I INVOLVE…

DAVIS, JOSEPH; AND OTHERS

480

The Effect of Book Blogging on the Motivation of 3rd-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Web 2.0 technology was implemented during reading instruction in one 3rd-grade classroom in suburban southeastern Pennsylvania. Trained preservice teachers provided feedback to students via the World Wide Web to enhance their performance and social connections. Motivation scores were measured before and after the intervention was implemented. A…

Swanson, Kristen N.; Legutko, Robert S.

2008-01-01

481

Gender Differences in Canadian Grade 11 Students' Interactions with Computers: Results of a National Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A nationwide survey of over 3,000 grade 11 students (approximately equal numbers of males and females) representing major urban areas in all ten provinces was undertaken to obtain baseline data on access to and usage of computers in each of three categories--recreational, nonrecreational home usage, and school--and to test a "manifold model" of…

Collis, Betty; And Others

482

Examining Student Engagement and Authority: Developing Learning Relationships in the Middle Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fostering engaged learning for middle grades students is a significant challenge for teachers everywhere, and in some jurisdictions, it has even become a government priority. As one might expect, this policy has raised broader questions about what teachers' actually mean when they talk about engagement and whether or not these criteria are, in…

Dooner, Anne-Marie; Mandzuk, David; Obendoerfer, Peter; Babiuk, Gary; Cerqueira-Vassallo, Gina; Force, Verland; Vermette, Michelle; Roy, Darren

2010-01-01

483

Fourth-Grade Students' Motivational Changes in an Elementary Physical Education Running Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Achievement goal theory and the expectancy-value model of achievement choice were used to examine fourth-grade students' motivational changes in an elementary physical education running program. In fall and spring of the school year, participants (N = 113; 66 boys, 47 girls) completed questionnaires assessing achievement goals, expectancy beliefs,…

Xiang, Ping; McBride, Ron E.; Bruene, April

2006-01-01

484

Accelerated Mathematics and High-Ability Students' Math Achievement in Grades Three and Four  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between the use of a computer-managed integrated learning system entitled Accelerated Math (AM) as a supplement to traditional mathematics instruction on achievement as measured by TerraNova achievement tests of third and fourth grade high-ability students. Gender, socioeconomic status, and…

Stanley, Ashley M.

2011-01-01

485

Relationships Among Grade Point Average, Vocabulary, Reading Comprehension, and Reading Rate of College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relationships among grade point averages and reading test scores were sought in an effort to learn whether successful students are characterized by good vocabularies, understanding, and rapid reading. Seniors within a few weeks of graduation and obtaining their elementary teaching certificates were given the Nelson-Denny Reading Test. Pearson's…

Mutchler, Virginia

486

A Comparative Analysis of Preschool Attendance and Reading Achievement among Second-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preschool attendance is considered an important factor for predicting later success in literacy achievement. This quantitative ex-post facto study examined whether attendance of public prekindergarten is related to improved reading achievement in 2nd grade students in a rural, southeastern school district. The learning theories of Piaget, Bandura,…

Burton, Kelly Latham

2011-01-01

487

Gender Differences in Written Expression Curriculum-Based Measurement in Third- through Eighth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many studies have found gender differences in certain areas of academic achievement, such as reading and math. Fewer studies have examined gender disparities in writing skills. The current study explored gender differences in written expression performance. Participants were 1,240 male and female students in third through eighth grade,…

Fearrington, Jamie Y.; Parker, Patricia D.; Kidder-Ashley, Pamela; Gagnon, Sandra G.; McCane-Bowling, Sara; Sorrell, Christy A.

2014-01-01

488

Examining Reliability of Reading Comprehension Ratings of Fifth Grade Students' Oral Retellings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to rate oral retellings of fifth graders to determine how passages, raters, and rating occasions affect those ratings, and to identify what combination of those elements produce reliable retelling ratings. A group of 36 fifth grade students read and orally retold three contemporary realistic fiction passages. Two…

Bernfeld, L. Elizabeth Shirley; Morrison, Timothy G.; Sudweeks, Richard R.; Wilcox, Brad

2013-01-01

489

Relationship between Metacognitive Strategy Instruction and Reading Comprehension in At-Risk Fourth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In spite of efforts to achieve the reading proficiency requirements mandated by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, students' inability to comprehend text and meet grade level standards on state and national assessments continues to be problematic. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of explicit direct instruction of…

Diebold, Tamara W.

2011-01-01

490

Stop Tobacco in Restaurants: Fifth-Grade Students STIR City Hall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It all started with a night of bowling in Austin, Texas, when fifth-grade student Amit had an evening of fun with his grandparents. When Amit returned to his home in Lubbock, TX, and tried to replicate his newfound recreation, his night of bowling fun ended after 10 minutes in an asthma attack. His second attempt at Lubbock bowling also brought a…

Gifted Child Today, 2004

2004-01-01

491

Using Literature Circles to Increase Reading Comprehension in Third Grade Elementary Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reading comprehension strategies are important skills for a child to learn. Good strategies support struggling students to be more successful in all subjects at school as reading is the basis for subsequent mastery of most subjects (Bender & Larkin, 2003). This action research project examined the use of literature circles in a third grade class.…

Briggs, Shawna R.

2010-01-01

492

Fifth Grade Students' Experiences Participating in Active Gaming in Physical Education: The Persistence to Game  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although video games are often associated with sedentary behaviors, active gaming is a new genre that requires children to become physically active while playing the games. In this study six fifth grade students' experiences participating in active gaming in eight-week physical education classes were explored. Qualitative methods of interviews,…

Hansen, Lisa; Sanders, Steve

2010-01-01

493

Science Sampler: Node graph visualizations for eighth-grade mathematics students using a virus transmission simulation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Because eighth-grade curriculum standards focus in part on systems analysis and graphing, a lesson was created to enhance students' analytical skills with the introduction of a type of graph, the node graph, which can be used to represent the interconnectedness of system components. This lesson is rooted in understanding real-world concepts regarding the transmission of infectious agents throughout a population.

Santone, Adam L.; Mccutcheon, Jennifer A.

2008-07-01

494

Student Groupings and Instructional Strategies of Kindergarten and First-Grade Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined were differences between 36 Tennessee kindergarten and first-grade teachers' us of student groupings and instructional time. Teachers were observed twice at the beginning of the school year and once again approximately 8 weeks later. Eight observers collected data using the Stallings Observation Instrument, a measure consisting of: (1) a…

Lawler, S. Dianne

495

The Relationship between Peer Tutoring and Disruptive Behavior of Second Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to assess the effectiveness of peer tutoring in reducing the frequency of disruptive behavior among students, a second grade class was taught with two alternating methods, direct instruction and peer tutoring. Nine types of disruptive behaviors were recorded during each of the two instructional treatments: out-of-seat behavior,…

Winder, Linda; And Others

496

Many Ivy League Students Admit Using ADHD Drugs for Better Grades  

MedlinePLUS

... enable JavaScript. Many Ivy League Students Admit Using ADHD Drugs for Better Grades: Study 18 percent surveyed ... 2014) Friday, May 2, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder College Health Prescription Drug Abuse FRIDAY, May 2, ...

497

The "School Safety & Security Questionnaire": Middle Grades Students' Perceptions of Safety at School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study presents the development and basic psychometric characteristics of the "School Safety and Security Questionnaire" (SSSQ). This new measure was constructed to assess middle grade students' perceptions of safety and security during the school year. The content validity of the theoretically-based instrument was assessed and the measure was…

Miller, Janice Williams; Nickell, Linda K.

2008-01-01

498

The Identification and Encouragement of Mathematical Creativity in First Grade Students, (Part 3).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported is research involving the development and testing of a program designed to encourage individual creative mathematical activity in first grade students. Initially, some characteristics of the creative process and creative thinking were examined and six criteria describing certain aspects of mathematical creativity were identified and…

Meyer, Rochelle Wilson

499

An Investigation of Learning Styles Influencing Mathematics Achievement of Seventh-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to investigate the effect of learning styles, as well as compare the effect of two different variable structure models of learning styles on factors influencing mathematics achievement. The research sample was made up of 508 seventh-grade students. The findings were that the model including learning styles as factors influencing…

Sriphai, Sunan; Damrongpanit, Suntonrapot; Sakulku, Jaruwan

2011-01-01

500

Measuring Teachers' Contributions to Student Learning Growth for Nontested Grades and Subjects. Research & Policy Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growing need for more information about measuring teachers' contributions to student learning growth, particularly in nontested subjects and grades, is the impetus for this Research & Policy Brief. Although the research base in this area is disappointingly limited, the brief includes considerations and suggestions based on current models and…

Goe, Laura; Holdheide, Lynn

2011-01-01