Science.gov

Sample records for north carolina estuary

  1. Hydrology of major estuaries and sounds of North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Giese, G.L.; Wilder, Hugh B.; Parker, Garald G., Jr.

    1979-01-01

    Knowledge of the basic hydrology of North Carolina 's major estuaries and sounds is necessary to help solve hydrology-related estuarine problems which include contamination of some estuaries with municipal and industrial wastes and drainage from adjacent intensively-farmed areas, nuisance-level algal blooms, excessive shoaling in some navigation channels, saltwater intrusion into usually fresh estuarine reaches, too-high or too-low salinities in nursery areas for various estuarine species, and flood damages due to hurricanes. Saltwater intrusion occurs from time to time in all major estuaries in North Carolina except the Roanoke River, where releases from Roanoke Rapids Lake and other reservoirs during otherwise low-flow periods effectively block saline water from the estuary. (Woodard-USGS)

  2. Hydrology of major estuaries and sounds of North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Giese, G.L.; Wilder, Hugh B.; Parker, Garald G., Jr.

    1985-01-01

    Hydrology-related problems associated with North Carolina 's major estuaries and sounds include contamination of some estuaries with municipal and industrial wastes and drainage from adjacent, intensively farmed areas, and nuisance-level algal blooms. In addition, there is excessive shoaling in some navigation channels, salt-water intrusion into usually fresh estuarine reaches, too high or too-low salinities in nursery areas for various estuarine species, and flood damage due to hurricanes. The Cape Fear River is the only major North Carolina estuary having a direct connection to the sea. Short-term flow throughout most of its length is dominated by ocean tides. Freshwater entering the major estuaries is, where not contaminated, of acceptable quality for drinking with minimum treatment. However, iron concentrations in excess of 0.3 milligrams per liter sometimes occur and water draining from swampy areas along the Coastal Plain is often highly colored, but these problems may be remedied with proper treatment. Nuisance-level algal blooms have been a recurring problem on the lower estuarine reaches of the Neuse, Tar-Pamlico, and Chowan Rivers where nutrients (compounds of phosphorous and nitrogen) are abundant. The most destructive blooms tend to occur in the summer months during periods of low freshwater discharge and relatively high water temperatures. Saltwater intrusion occurs from time to time in all major estuaries except the Roanoke River, where releases from Roanoke Rapids Lake and other reservoirs during otherwise low-flow periods effectively block saline water from the estuary. New shoaling materials found in the lower channelized reaches of the Cape Fear and Northeast Cape Fear Rivers are primarily derived, not from upstream sources, but from nearby shore erosion, from slumping of material adjacent to the dredged channels, from old spoil areas, or from ocean-derived sediments carried upstream by near-bottom density currents.

  3. Microbial oxidation of manganese in a North Carolina estuary

    SciTech Connect

    Sunda, W.G.; Huntsman, S.A. )

    1987-05-01

    Experiments were conducted with Mn-54 (++) to determine the kinetics of particulate manganese formation in seawater from the lower Newport River estuary, North Carolina. Dissolved Mn was rapidly converted into particles at constant rates that ranged from 0.36 to 6.2%/h, yielding turnover times of the dissolved manganese pool of 0.7-11 d. Dissolved Mn turnover rates increased with temperature up to a maximum at 25-35 C and also increased with the ratio of particulate to dissolved Mn. These two factors explained most of the variation in the observed turnover rates. The formation of particulate Mn appeared to result primarily from the oxidation of Mn(++) to manganese oxides. However, the oxidation rates were much too rapid to be accounted for by abiotic mechanisms, and the rate was reduced by 97% following heat sterilization of the seawater. In addition, the rates conformed to the Michaelis-Menten enzyme kinetics model, providing strong evidence that oxidation of Mn in the estuarine samples is microbially catalyzed. This catalysis appears to be instrumental in the rapid redox cycling of Mn and in the scavenging of dissolved Mn onto particles in aquatic systems. 35 refs., 8 figs., 2 tabs.

  4. PEAK DISCHARGE STREAMFLOW - NORTH CAROLINA PORTION OF ALBEMARLE-PAMLICO ESTUARY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Peak discharge data from the U.S. Geological Survey (http://waterdata.usgs.gov/nwis-w/NC) for gaging stations within the North Carolina portion of the Albemarle-Pamlico Estuary watershed. Record dates vary by gaging station. Data for each station are located in a text file named ...

  5. DAILY STREAMFLOW - NORTH CAROLINA PORTION OF THE ALBEMARLE-PAMLICO ESTUARY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Daily mean discharge data from the U.S. Geological Survey (http://waterdata.usgs.gov/nwis-w/NC) for gaging stations within the North Carolina portion of the Albemarle-Pamlico Estuary watershed. Record dates vary by gaging station. Data for each station are located in a text file ...

  6. Continuous resistivity profiling data from the upper Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina, 2004-2005

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Cross, VeeAnn A.; Bratton, John F.; Bergeron, Emile M.; Meunier, Jeff K.; Crusius, John; Koopmans, Dirk

    2006-01-01

    The Neuse River Estuary in North Carolina has suffered impacts of eutrophication in recent years. As part of a larger project to better constrain nutrient budgets in the estuary, field investigations were performed to study occurrence and discharge of fresh and brackish ground water and nutrients beneath the estuary itself (fig. 1). A Continuous Resistivity Profiling (CRP) system (Manheim and others, 2004) was used to map the depth of the freshwater-saltwater interface (FSI) in sub-estuarine groundwater. This study area serves as a typological representation of a submarine groundwater environment characteristic of a shallow estuary in a wide coastal plain that has not experienced glaciation. Similar settings extend from New Jersey to Georgia, and along the Gulf of Mexico in the U.S. This report archives 29 lines of data collected during 2004 and 2005 surveys representing almost 210 km of survey lines. These data are further explained in the Data Processing section of the report and previews available of the processed data are available.

  7. A dynamic water-quality modeling framework for the Neuse River estuary, North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Bales, Jerad D.; Robbins, Jeanne C.

    1999-01-01

    As a result of fish kills in the Neuse River estuary in 1995, nutrient reduction strategies were developed for point and nonpoint sources in the basin. However, because of the interannual variability in the natural system and the resulting complex hydrologic-nutrient inter- actions, it is difficult to detect through a short-term observational program the effects of management activities on Neuse River estuary water quality and aquatic health. A properly constructed water-quality model can be used to evaluate some of the potential effects of manage- ment actions on estuarine water quality. Such a model can be used to predict estuarine response to present and proposed nutrient strategies under the same set of meteorological and hydrologic conditions, thus removing the vagaries of weather and streamflow from the analysis. A two-dimensional, laterally averaged hydrodynamic and water-quality modeling framework was developed for the Neuse River estuary by using previously collected data. Development of the modeling framework consisted of (1) computational grid development, (2) assembly of data for model boundary conditions and model testing, (3) selection of initial values of model parameters, and (4) limited model testing. The model domain extends from Streets Ferry to Oriental, N.C., includes seven lateral embayments that have continual exchange with the main- stem of the estuary, three point-source discharges, and three tributary streams. Thirty-five computational segments represent the mainstem of the estuary, and the entire framework contains a total of 60 computa- tional segments. Each computational cell is 0.5 meter thick; segment lengths range from 500 meters to 7,125 meters. Data that were used to develop the modeling framework were collected during March through October 1991 and represent the most comprehensive data set available prior to 1997. Most of the data were collected by the North Carolina Division of Water Quality, the University of North Carolina Institute of Marine Sciences, and the U.S. Geological Survey. Limitations in the modeling framework were clearly identified. These limitations formed the basis for a set of suggestions to refine the Neuse River estuary water-quality model.

  8. Estimation of groundwater and nutrient fluxes to the Neuse River estuary, North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Spruill, T.B.; Bratton, J.F.

    2008-01-01

    A study was conducted between April 2004 and September 2005 to estimate groundwater and nutrient discharge to the Neuse River estuary in North Carolina. The largest groundwater fluxes were observed to occur generally within 20 m of the shoreline. Groundwater flux estimates based on seepage meter measurements ranged from 2.86??108 to 4.33??108 m3 annually and are comparable to estimates made using radon, a simple water-budget method, and estimates derived by using Darcy's Law and previously published general aquifer characteristics of the area. The lower groundwater flux estimate (equal to about 9 m3 s-1), which assumed the narrowest groundwater discharge zone (20 m) of three zone widths selected for an area west of New Bern, North Carolina, most closely agrees with groundwater flux estimates made using radon (3-9 m3 s-1) and Darcy's Law (about 9 m3 s-1). A groundwater flux of 9 m 3 s-1 is about 40% of the surface-water flow to the Neuse River estuary between Streets Ferry and the mouth of the estuary and about 7% of the surface-water inflow from areas upstream. Estimates of annual nitrogen (333 tonnes) and phosphorus (66 tonnes) fluxes from groundwater to the estuary, based on this analysis, are less than 6% of the nitrogen and phosphorus inputs derived from all sources (excluding oceanic inputs), and approximately 8% of the nitrogen and 17% of the phosphorus annual inputs from surface-water inflow to the Neuse River estuary assuming a mean annual precipitation of 1.27 m. We provide quantitative evidence, derived from three methods, that the contribution of water and nutrients from groundwater discharge to the Neuse River estuary is relatively minor, particularly compared with upstream sources of water and nutrients and with bottom sediment sources of nutrients. Locally high groundwater discharges do occur, however, and could help explain the occurrence of localized phytoplankton blooms, submerged aquatic vegetation, or fish kills. ?? 2008 Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation.

  9. Impacts of rainfall on the water quality of the Newport River Estuary (Eastern North Carolina, USA).

    PubMed

    Coulliette, Angela D; Noble, Rachel T

    2008-12-01

    The Newport River Estuary (NPRE), an important North Carolina (NC) shellfish harvesting area, has been experiencing alterations to the land-water interface due to increasing population and coastal development. Water quality degradation in the estuary over the last decade has led to an increase of shellfish harvesting area closures, and has been postulated to be due to non-point source contamination in the form of stormwater. Water samples were taken in the NPRE (n =179) over a range of weather conditions and all seasons from August 2004 to September 2006. Fecal coliform (FC), as estimated by E. coli (EC), and Enterococcus (ENT) concentrations (MPN per 100 ml) were examined in relation to rainfall levels and distance from land. The relationships among the fecal indicator bacteria (FIB) and environmental parameters were also examined. The data revealed a significant increase in FC concentrations after measured rainfall amounts of 2.54 cm (general threshold) and 3.81 cm (management action threshold). However, higher than expected FIB concentrations existed during conditions of negligible rainfall (<0.25 cm), indicating a possible reservoir population in the sediment. Overall, stormwater runoff appears to be adversely impacting water quality in the NPRE. PMID:18401112

  10. Nitrogen loading sources and eutrophication of the Neuse River estuary, North Carolina: Direct and indirect roles of atmospheric deposition

    SciTech Connect

    Paerl, H.W.; Mallin, M.A.; Donahue, C.A.; Go, M.; Peierls, B.L.

    1995-01-01

    A multi-year (1990-1993) field survey and in situ bioassay study was undertaken to examine trophic and biogeochemical impacts of nutrient loading events at 3 representative oligohaline and mesohaline locations in the Neuse River Estuary North Carolina. Additional data were evaluated from an earlier study (1987-1990) at a mesohaline location. Previous studies showed the estuary as being nitrogen-limited throughout much of th year. In addition there is evidence and concern that recent increases in nitrogen loading have led to spatial and temporal expansion of phytoplankton blooms, indicating accelerating eutrophication. Accordingly, we examined the roles of significant nitrogen (N) inputs on the eutrophication process.

  11. Estuary-associated syndrome in North Carolina: an occupational prevalence study.

    PubMed Central

    Swinker, M; Koltai, D; Wilkins, J; Hudnell, K; Hall, C; Darcey, D; Robertson, K; Schmechel, D; Stopford, W; Music, S

    2001-01-01

    Atlantic coast estuaries recently have experienced fish kills and fish with lesions attributed to Pfiesteria piscicida and related dinoflagellates. Human health effects have been reported from laboratory exposure and from a 1997 Maryland fish kill. North Carolina has recorded Pfiesteria-related fish kill events over the past decade, but human health effects from environmental exposure have not been systematically investigated or documented here. At the request of the state health agency, comprehensive examinations were conducted in a cross-sectional prevalence study of watermen working where Pfiesteria exposure may occur: waters where diseased or stressed fish were reported from June to September 1997, and where Pfiesteria had been identified in the past. Controls worked on unaffected waterways. The study was conducted 3 months after the last documented Pfiesteria-related fish kill. The goal was to document any persistent health effects from recent or remote contact with fish kills, fish with lesions, or affected waterways, using the 1997 U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention case description for estuary-associated syndrome (EAS). Examinations included comprehensive medical, occupational, and environmental history, general medical, dermatologic, and neurologic examinations, vision testing, and neuropsychologic evaluations. Seventeen of 22 watermen working in affected waters and 11 of 21 in unaffected waters reported exposure to a fish kill or to fish with lesions. We found no pattern of abnormalities on medical, neurologic, neuropsychologic, or NES-2 evaluation. By history, one subject in each group met the EAS criteria, neither of whom had significant neuropsychological impairment when examined. Watermen from affected waterways had a significant reduction in visual contrast sensitivity (VCS) at the midspatial frequencies, but we did not identify a specific factor or exposure associated with this reduction. The cohorts did not differ in reported occupational exposure to solvents (qualitative) or to other neurotoxicants; however, exposure history was not sufficiently detailed to measure or control for solvent exposure. This small prevalence study in watermen, conducted 3 months after the last documented fish kill related to Pfiesteria, did not identify an increased risk of estuary-associated syndrome in those working on affected waterways. A significant difference between the estuary and ocean watermen was found on VCS, which could not be attributed to any specific factor or exposure. VCS may be affected by chemicals, drugs, alcohol, and several developmental and degenerative conditions; it has not been validated as being affected by known exposure to dinoflagellate secretions. VCS should be considered for inclusion in further studies, together with documentation or quantification of its potential confounders, to assess whether it has utility in relationship to dinoflagellate exposure. PMID:11171520

  12. Seeking a Chemical Signature for Flood Deposits, Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Benninger, L. K.; Wells, J. T.

    2004-05-01

    Major flooding in eastern North Carolina during September-November 1999 caused substantial sediment redistribution in the Neuse River estuary. Locations showing both net erosion and net deposition have been identified by comparing profiles of excess 210-Pb and fallout 137-Cs in cores collected before and after the flooding. While these radionuclide tracers are well suited to studies of modern flooding, however, their half-lives and input histories limit their utility to the last 50-100 years. Thus we have sought a chemical signature which might identify flood-derived sediments in older deposits. The 1999 floods did not leave coarse sediments in the thalweg of the Neuse estuary. The only texturally distinctive flood deposits were thin (< 1 cm) and spatially discontinuous shell layers. At one site in the lower estuary, however, the top 6 cm of a core was red in color when collected in November 1999. This gives a minimum of 6 cm flood deposition at this site; 137-Cs maxima before and after flooding suggest net flood deposition of 10-16 cm. Sediment samples from this core, and from a pre-flood (1988) core from the same location have been analyzed for a suite a major, minor, and trace elements. Elemental concentrations in both cores were normalized to aluminum to account for lithologic variations. The post-flood core-top has lower Si/Al, Mg/Al, and Ca/Al than the pre-flood core-top, suggesting that the flood deposits contain less quartz and calcium carbonate than pre-flood sediments. Fe/Al is distinctly higher in the post-flood core-top, but in time diagenesis may erase this signal. For many elements M/Al ratios do not differ systematically between pre-flood and post-flood cores (e.g., M = Cr, Ni, Zr, La, Ce, Th). Cu/Al, Zn/Al and Pb/Al vary between pre-flood and post-flood cores, but because of pollution inputs of Cu, Zn, and Pb these signals probably have little utility in pre-colonial sediments. Given present data the most promising candidates as tracers of flood deposits in the Neuse estuary appear to be Nb/Al and U/Al, both of which are elevated in post-flood core-tops; the U/Al signal may be compromised by estuarine U chemistry in older deposits.

  13. Water-quality data from continuously monitored sites in the Pamlico and Neuse River estuaries, North Carolina, 1991-92

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Garrett, R.G.

    1994-01-01

    Water-quality measurements were made at six sites in or near North Carolina?s Pamlico River estuary and at five sites in or near the Neuse River estuary. Measurements taken at 15-minute intervals included near-surface and near-bottom specific conductance; near-surface water temperature; and near-surface, mid-depth, and near-bottom dissolved-oxygen concentrations. In the Pamlico River estuary, salinities generally ranged from less than 0.1 to 20 parts per thousand during the period October 1991 through September 1992. Recorded water temperatures in the Pamlico River were between 3.5 and 33 degrees Celsius during the measurement period. Dissolved-oxygen concentrations ranged from less than 1 to 23 milligrams per liter. In the Neuse River estuary, salinities ranged from 0.3 to 27 parts per thousand between October 1991 and September 1992. During the same period, recorded water temperatures in this estuary were between 4 and 34 degrees Celsius. Dissolved-oxygen concentrations ranged from less than 1 to greater than 22 milligrams per liter. Daily mean values of salinity; water temperature; dissolved-oxygen concentrations; and dissolved oxygen, percent saturation, are presented in tables and graphs. Five-day mean values of water temperature and dissolved-oxygen concentrations for day and night conditions also are presented in tables. Data are presented illustrating the vertical distribution of selected constituents at each site for selected dates.

  14. SPACE/TIME ANALYSIS OF FECAL POLLUTION AND RAINFALL IN AN EASTERN NORTH CAROLINA ESTUARY

    PubMed Central

    Coulliette, Angela D.; Money, Eric S.; Serre, Marc L.; Noble, Rachel T.

    2009-01-01

    The Newport River Estuary (NPRE) is a high priority shellfish harvesting area in eastern North Carolina (NC) that is impaired due to fecal contamination, specifically exceeding recommended levels for fecal coliforms. A hydrologic-driven mean trend model was developed, as a function of antecedent rainfall, in the NPRE to predict levels of E. coli (EC, measured as a proxy for fecal coliforms). This mean trend model was integrated in a Bayesian Maximum Entropy (BME) framework to produce informative Space/Time (S/T) maps depicting fecal contamination across the NPRE during winter and summer months. These maps showed that during dry winter months, corresponding to the oyster harvesting season in NC (October 1st to March 30th), predicted EC concentrations were below the shellfish harvesting standard (14 MPN per 100 ml). However, after substantial rainfall 3.81 cm (1.5 inches), the NPRE did not appear to meet this requirement. Warmer months resulted in the predicted EC concentrations exceeding the threshold for the NPRE. Predicted ENT concentrations were generally below the recreational water quality threshold (104 MPN per 100 ml), except for warmer months after substantial rainfall. Once established, this combined approach produces near real-time visual information on which to base water quality management decisions. PMID:19544880

  15. Importance of atmospherically deposited nitrogen to the annual nitrogen budget of the Neuse River estuary, North Carolina.

    PubMed

    Whitall, David; Hendrickson, Brad; Paerl, Hans

    2003-06-01

    Wet deposition of nitrogen, as NH(4)(+), NO(3)(-), and organic N, contributes up to 50% of the total externally supplied or 'new' N flux to the Neuse River Estuary (North Carolina). Excessive nitrogen (N) loading to N-sensitive waters such as the Neuse River Estuary has been linked to changes in microbial and algal community composition and function (harmful algal blooms), hypoxia/anoxia, and fish kills. In a 4-year study from July 1996 to July 2000, the weekly wet deposition of NH(4)(+), NO(3)(-), and dissolved organic N was calculated, based on concentration and precipitation measurements, at 11 sites on a northwest-southeast transect in the watershed. Data from this period indicate that the annual mean total wet atmospherically deposited (AD)-N flux was 11 kg ha(-1) year(-1). Deposition was fairly evenly distributed between nitrate, ammonium, and organics (32%, 32%, and 36%, respectively). Seasonally, the summer (June-August) months contained the highest weekly wet total N deposition; this trend was not driven by precipitation amount. Estimates of watershed N retention and in-stream riverine processing revealed that the AD-N flux contributed an estimated 20% (range of 15-51%) of the total 'new' N flux to the estuary, with direct deposition of N to the estuary surface accounting for 6% of the total 'new' N flux. This study did not measure the dry depositional flux, which may double the contribution of AD-N to the estuary. The AD-N is an important source of 'new' N to the Neuse River Estuary as well as other estuarine and coastal ecosystems downwind of major emission sources. As such, AD-N should be included in effective nutrient mitigation and management efforts for these N-sensitive waters. PMID:12676232

  16. Importance of atmospherically deposited nitrogen to the annual nitrogen budget of the Neuse River estuary, North Carolina.

    TOXLINE Toxicology Bibliographic Information

    Whitall D; Hendrickson B; Paerl H

    2003-06-01

    Wet deposition of nitrogen, as NH(4)(+), NO(3)(-), and organic N, contributes up to 50% of the total externally supplied or 'new' N flux to the Neuse River Estuary (North Carolina). Excessive nitrogen (N) loading to N-sensitive waters such as the Neuse River Estuary has been linked to changes in microbial and algal community composition and function (harmful algal blooms), hypoxia/anoxia, and fish kills. In a 4-year study from July 1996 to July 2000, the weekly wet deposition of NH(4)(+), NO(3)(-), and dissolved organic N was calculated, based on concentration and precipitation measurements, at 11 sites on a northwest-southeast transect in the watershed. Data from this period indicate that the annual mean total wet atmospherically deposited (AD)-N flux was 11 kg ha(-1) year(-1). Deposition was fairly evenly distributed between nitrate, ammonium, and organics (32%, 32%, and 36%, respectively). Seasonally, the summer (June-August) months contained the highest weekly wet total N deposition; this trend was not driven by precipitation amount. Estimates of watershed N retention and in-stream riverine processing revealed that the AD-N flux contributed an estimated 20% (range of 15-51%) of the total 'new' N flux to the estuary, with direct deposition of N to the estuary surface accounting for 6% of the total 'new' N flux. This study did not measure the dry depositional flux, which may double the contribution of AD-N to the estuary. The AD-N is an important source of 'new' N to the Neuse River Estuary as well as other estuarine and coastal ecosystems downwind of major emission sources. As such, AD-N should be included in effective nutrient mitigation and management efforts for these N-sensitive waters.

  17. Observations on spiny dogfish ( Squalus acanthias) captured in late spring in a North Carolina estuary.

    PubMed

    Bangley, Charles; Rulifson, Roger

    2014-01-01

    Five spiny dogfish were captured in early-mid May during gillnet and longline sampling targeting juvenile coastal sharks in inshore North Carolina waters.  Dogfish captures were made within Back Sound and Core Sound, North Carolina. All dogfish were females measuring 849-905 mm total length, well over the size at 50% maturity. Dogfish were caught at stations 1.8-2.7 m in depth, with temperatures 22.9-24.2 °C, 32.8-33.4 ppt salinity, and 6.9-8.0 mg/L dissolved oxygen. These observations are among the latest in the spring for spiny dogfish in the southeastern U.S. and occurred at higher temperatures than previously recorded for this species.  It is unclear whether late-occurring spiny dogfish in this area represent a cryptic late-migrating or resident segment of the Northwest Atlantic population. PMID:25469229

  18. Satellite remote sensing of chlorophyll a in support of nutrient management in the Neuse and Tar-Pamlico River (North Carolina) estuaries

    EPA Science Inventory

    The North Carolina Environmental Management Commission (EMC) has adopted as a water quality standard that chlorophyll a concentration should not exceed 40 ug/L in sounds, estuaries and other slow-moving waters. Exceedances require regulators to develop a Total Maximum Daily Limit...

  19. Water-quality data from continuously monitored sites in the Pamlico and Neuse River estuaries, North Carolina, 1990-91

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Garrett, Ronald G.

    1992-01-01

    Water quality measurements were made at six sites in or near North Carolina's Pamlico River estuary and at five sites in or near the Neuse River estuary. Measurements taken at 15-minute intervals included near-surface and near-bottom specific conductance; near-surface water temperature; and near-surface, mid-depth, and near-bottom dissolved-oxygen concentrations. In the Pamlico River estuary, salinities generally ranged from near zero to about 20 parts per thousand during the period April 1989 through September 1991; however, unnaturally high salinities (up to about 51 parts per thousand) were observed at one site on July 11, 1990. Recorded water temperatures in the Pamlico River were between 0 and 33 degrees Celsius during the measurement period. Dissolved-oxygen concentrations ranged from less than 1 to 20 milligrams per liter. In the Neuse River estuary, salinities ranged from less than 0.1 to nearly 33 parts per thousand between May 1989 and September 1991. During the same period, recorded water temperatures in this estuary were between 0 and 33 degrees Celsius. Dissolved-oxygen concentrations ranged from less than 1 to 21 milligrams per liter. Instantaneous values for selected periods are summarized in a series of box plots. Daily mean values of salinity, water temperature, dissolved-oxygen concentrations, and dissolved oxygen, percent saturation, are presented in tables and graphs, as are 5-day mean values for day and night conditions. This is the second in a series of reports summarizing water quality data obtained from these continuously monitored sites.

  20. Mesozooplankton abundance in relation to the chlorophyll maximum in the Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina, USA: Implications for trophic dynamics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kimmel, David G.; McGlaughon, Benjamin D.; Leonard, Jeremy; Paerl, Hans W.; Taylor, J. Christopher; Cira, Emily K.; Wetz, Michael S.

    2015-05-01

    Estuaries often have distinct zones of high chlorophyll a concentrations, known as chlorophyll maximum (CMAX). The persistence of these features is often attributed to physical (mixing and light availability) and chemical (nutrient availability) features, but the role of mesozooplankton grazing is rarely explored. We measured the spatial and temporal variability of the CMAX and mesozooplankton community in the eutrophic Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina. We also conducted grazing experiments to determine the relative impact of mesozooplankton grazing on the CMAX during the phytoplankton growing season (spring through late summer). The CMAX was consistently located upriver of the zone of maximum zooplankton abundance, with an average spatial separation of 18 km. Grazing experiments in the CMAX region revealed negligible effect of mesozooplankton on chlorophyll a during March, and no effect during June or August. These results suggest that the spatial separation of the peak in chlorophyll a concentration and mesozooplankton abundance results in minimal impact of mesozooplankton grazing, contributing to persistence of the CMAX for prolonged time periods. In the Neuse River Estuary, the low mesozooplankton abundance in the CMAX region is attributed to lack of a low salinity tolerant species, predation by the ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi, and/or physiologic impacts on mesozooplankton growth rates due to temperature (in the case of low wintertime abundances). The consequences of this lack of overlap result in exacerbation of the effects of eutrophication; namely a lack of trophic transfer to mesozooplankton in this region and the sinking of phytodetritus to the benthos that fuels hypoxia.

  1. Dissolved and particulate organic carbon in the North Inlet estuary, South Carolina: what controls their concentrations

    SciTech Connect

    Wolaver, T.G.; Hutchinson, S.; Marozas, M.

    1986-03-01

    Water samples have been taken daily at 1030 EST from three locations within North Inlet (South Carolina) since June of 1980 in order to evaluate the tidal, seasonal, and eventually annual variability in carbon concentrations within this system and generate hypotheses explaining the observed trends. Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations within North Inlet (South Carolina) vary inversely with salinity (r/sup 2/ = 0.65), suggesting the main source of DOC in North Inlet is freshwater entering from the adjacent forested watershed. This assertion is supported by an observed decrease of tidal water salinity with the onset of streamflow. DOC variability is also associated with (1) groundwater advection and/or runoff and seepage from the marsh surface; (2) removal from tidal water via either physical sorption or biological uptake; (3) sampling location; and (4) origin of water mass. Particulate organic carbon (POC) concentrations vary seasonally, higher values found during the summer. POC variability is controlled by a series of physical and biological factors. Evidence suggests that in the smaller tidal creeks, POC concentrations are associated with (1) rain events scouring the marsh surface, (2) phytoplankton concentrations varying as a function of tidal stage, and (3) removal of particulate material from the marsh surface on the ebb tide. In the larger tidal creeks tidal water velocity appears to be the main factor influencing POC values. 20 references, 5 figures, 2 table.

  2. Solving problems resulting from solutions: evolution of a dual nutrient management strategy for the eutrophying Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina.

    PubMed

    Paerl, Hans W; Valdes, Lexia M; Joyner, Alan R; Piehler, Michael F; Lebo, Martin E

    2004-06-01

    In estuaries, phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) inputs generally control freshwater and saltwater primary production, respectively. Improved wastewater P removal and a P-detergent ban in the late 1980s decreased P loading to the nutrient over-enriched Neuse River Estuary, NC, without a contemporaneous reduction in N loading. This led to a decrease in upstream freshwater phytoplankton production and a reduction in nuisance algal blooms. While this nutrient management approach appeared to be effective in reducing the symptoms of freshwater eutrophication, it may have also diminished the upstream algal N filter, promoting N enrichment, relative to P enrichment, and eutrophication of the more saline downstream N-limited waters. Recent N controls implemented by the State of North Carolina should help address the problem. These findings underscore the need for watershed- and basin-scale, dual nutrient (N and P) reduction strategies that consider the entire freshwater--marine continuum as well as hydrologic variability (e.g., hurricanes, floods, droughts) when formulating long-term controls of estuarine eutrophication. PMID:15224737

  3. FISH KILLS, NORTH CAROLINA

    EPA Science Inventory

    Data related to fish kills in North Carolina are collected and stored in tables on the Web at the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources. http://www.esb.enr.state.nc.us/Fishkill/fishkill00.htm

  4. The ecology of Vibrio vulnificus, Vibrio cholerae, and Vibrio parahaemolyticus in North Carolina estuaries.

    PubMed

    Blackwell, Karen Dyer; Oliver, James D

    2008-04-01

    While numerous studies have characterized the distribution and/or ecology of various pathogenic Vibrio spp., here we have simultaneously examined several estuarine sites for Vibrio vulnificus, V. cholerae, and V. parahaemolyticus. For a one year period, waters and sediment were monitored for the presence of these three pathogens at six different sites on the east coast of North Carolina in the United States. All three pathogens, identified using colony hybridization and PCR methods, occurred in these estuarine environments, although V. cholerae occurred only infrequently and at very low levels. Seventeen chemical, physical, and biological parameters were investigated, including salinity, water temperature, turbidity, dissolved oxygen, levels of various inorganic nutrients and dissolved organic carbon, as well as total vibrios, total coliforms, and E. coli. We found each of the Vibrio spp. in water and sediment to correlate to several of these environmental measurements, with water temperature and total Vibrio levels correlating highly (P<0.0001) with occurrence of the three pathogens. Thus, these two parameters may represent simple assays for characterizing the potential public health hazard of estuarine waters. PMID:18545963

  5. NATIONAL POLLUTANT DISCHARGE ELIMINATION SYSTEM PERMITS FOR NORTH CAROLINA PORTION OF ALBEMARLE-PAMLICO ESTUARY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Excel spreadsheet of National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits as of 4/2000 for the Albemarle-Pamlico Estuary watershed. Permitted flow is in millions of gallons per day. Discharge codes are:
    1 Domestic - Municipal
    2 Domestic - Industrial/Commercial

  6. Movement and dispersion of soluble pollutants in the Northeast Cape Fear Estuary, North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Hubbard, E.F.; Stamper, William G.

    1972-01-01

    This report presents the results of a fluorescent-dye-tracing study to determine the concentrations of a pollutant that would be present in the Northeast Cape Fear Estuary at various rates of continuous waste injection and freshwater inflow. Rhodamine WT dye was introduced into the estuary at a constant rate over a 24.8-hour period (two tidal cycles) at a point 6.4 miles upstream from the mouth in Wilmington, N.C., and concentrations were monitored at several selected sections in the tide-affected part of the river for 17 days. The range between high and low tide in this reach of the estuary averages at-rut 3.5 feet, and there is usually strong flow in both directions. Results of the dye study indicate that if a pollutant were injected at a rate of 100 pounds per day under the conditions of relatively low inflow existing' at the time, concentrations would ultimately build up to 20 micrograms of dye per liter of water 1,000 feet downstream. The flushing time during the study is estimated to be 17 days. These results are extrapolated to include periods of lower or higher inflow. For example, at average intervals of 10 years, it is estimated that inflow is so low that 100 days are required for a pollutant to travel the 6.4 miles from the point of waste release to the mouth of the river. Under these conditions it is expected that 1,000 feet downstream from the point of waste discharge, daily maximum concentrations will average about 130 micrograms per liter for each 100 pounds of pollutant injected per day. Results of a continuous discharge measurement of flow made by current meter during a complete tidal cycle are presented as a part of this report. Data from this measurement and other evidence indicate that net upstream flow in the estuary is possible over a period of several days.

  7. Distribution and abundance of American eels in the White Oak River estuary, North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Hightower, J.E.; Nesnow, C.

    2006-01-01

    Apparent widespread declines in abundance of Anguilla rostrata (American eel) have reinforced the need for information regarding its life history and status. We used commercial eel pots and crab (peeler) pots to examine the distribution, condition, and abundance of American eels within the White Oak River estuary, NC, during summers of 2002-2003. Catch of American eels per overnight set was 0.35 (SE = 0.045) in 2002 and 0.49 (SE = 0.044) in 2003. There was not a significant linear relationship between catch per set and depth in 2002 (P = 0.31, depth range 0.9-3.4 m) or 2003 (P = 0.18, depth range 0.6-3.4 m). American eels from the White Oak River were in good condition, based on the slope of a length-weight relationship (3.41) compared to the median slope (3.15) from other systems. Estimates of population density from grid sampling in 2003 (300 mm and larger: 4.0-13.8 per ha) were similar to estimates for the Hudson River estuary, but substantially less than estimates from other (smaller) systems including tidal creeks within estuaries. Density estimates from coastal waters can be used with harvest records to examine whether overfishing has contributed to the recent apparent declines in American eel abundance.

  8. Wet flux of Atmospherically Deposited Nitrogen to the Neuse River Watershed, North Carolina: its role in the "new" Nitrogen Budget of the Estuary

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Whitall, D. R.

    2001-05-01

    Anthropogenic nitrogen (N) loading to N sensitive coastal waters has been linked to eutrophication, changes in algal community composition and function (nuisance/harmful/toxic algal blooms), hypoxia/anoxia, and fish kills. Wet atmospheric deposition of nitrogen (AD-N) as NH4+, NO3- and organic N contributes over 15% of the total externally-supplied or "new" N flux to the Neuse River Estuary, a major tributary of the Pamlico Sound, North Carolina. In a four year study from July 1996 to July 2000, the weekly wet deposition of NH4+, NO3-- and dissolved organic N was calculated, based on concentration and precipitation measurements for a transect of 11 sites in the Neuse River watershed. Annual mean total wet AD-N flux was 1,076 mg m -2 yr-1 . Deposition was evenly distributed between nitrate, ammonium and organics (32%, 32% and 36% respectively). Seasonally, summer (June-August) months contained the highest weekly wet total N deposition, highest weekly wet NH4+ deposition and highest weekly wet NO3-- deposition; these trends were driven by precipitation N concentration, not by amount. Estimates of watershed N retention and in-stream riverine processing revealed that the AD-N flux contributed an estimated 20% (range of 15-51%) of the total "new" N flux to the estuary, with direct deposition of N to the estuary surface accounting for 6% of the total "new" N flux. Dry N deposition, which has not been quantified here, may up to double the contribution of AD-N to the estuary. AD-N is an important source of "new" N to the Neuse River Estuary as well as other estuarine and coastal ecosystems downwind of major emission sources. As such, AD-N should be included in effective nutrient mitigation and management efforts for these N-sensitive waters.

  9. Effects of climatic variability on phytoplankton community structure and bloom development in the eutrophic, microtidal, New River Estuary, North Carolina, USA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hall, Nathan S.; Paerl, Hans W.; Peierls, Benjamin L.; Whipple, Anthony C.; Rossignol, Karen L.

    2013-01-01

    The roles of climatically driven freshwater flow, nutrient loading, and temperature on phytoplankton community biomass and composition were examined along a downstream transect within the New River Estuary, North Carolina from 2007 to 2010. This microtidal system has a history of eutrophication symptoms, including harmful algal blooms. Riverine discharge strongly controlled nutrient loading to the estuary. Except during very high flow conditions, loads were generally assimilated near the head of the estuary and low concentrations of dissolved inorganic nitrogen and phosphate, <2 and 0.4 ?mol L-1, respectively, were found throughout most of the estuary. Total phytoplankton biomass (chlorophyll a) was maximal under moderate discharge conditions when flushing time was approximately four days and salinity was in the range of 3-18 psu. The observed non-monotonic relationship between phytoplankton biomass and flushing time reflects a balance between nutrient stimulation of phytoplankton biomass and advective losses associated with river flow. Pigment indicators of major phytoplankton taxa also revealed non-monotonic responses to flushing time with some significant inter-taxa differences in slopes and peak location. These differences suggest that flushing time or environmental covariates of flushing time are important determinants of community composition. We suggest these group-specific differences are due to advantages gained by phytoflagellates through vertical migration, ability of pico-cyanobacteria to exploit low residual nutrient concentrations, and subsidies to the diatom population via sediment resuspension events. In addition to effects of flow, pico-cyanobacteria and harmful raphidophyte taxa demonstrated positive relationships with temperature. Overall, results demonstrate a strong linkage between the phytoplankton community and two important climatic drivers, flow and temperature. The observed sensitivity of phytoplankton biomass to nutrient loads suggests that load reductions (or increases) are likely to decrease (or increase) total phytoplankton biomass in this system. However, phytoplankton community composition appears to be largely determined by environmental factors other than nutrient loading, particularly temperature, stratification and sediment resuspension.

  10. North Carolina AEGD Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brantley, Frank

    1991-01-01

    The University of North Carolina's postdoctoral advanced education in general dentistry program relies heavily on clinic productivity and effective management to meet the challenges of a diminishing state budget appropriation and lack of financial flexibility in the state university system. External funding is also sought actively but has not yet…

  11. North Carolina and SREB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2009

    2009-01-01

    The Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) is a nonprofit organization that works collaboratively with North Carolina and 15 other member states to improve education at every level--from pre-K to postdoctoral study--through many effective programs and initiatives. SREB's "Challenge to Lead" Goals for Education, which call for the region to lead…

  12. Water-quality data from continuously monitored sites in the Pamlico and Neuse River estuaries, North Carolina, 1989-90

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Garrett, Ronald G.; Bales, Jerad

    1991-01-01

    Beginning in April 1989, water quality measurements were made at six sites in or near Pamlico River estuary and at five sites in or near the Neuse River estuary. Measurements taken at 15-minute intervals included near-surface and near-bottom specific conductance; near-surface water temperature; and near-surface, mid-depth, and near-bottom dissolved-oxygen concentrations. Water-quality data obtained from continuously-monitored sites in the Pamlico River estuary and the Neuse River estuary are presented for the period April 1989 through September 1990. Instantaneous values for selected periods are summarized in a series of box plots. Instantaneous maximum and minimum values are also tabulated. Daily mean values of salinity, water temperature, and dissolved-oxygen concentrations for the entire period are presented in tables and graphs.

  13. Eutrophication Model Accuracy - Comparison of Calibration and Verification Performance of a Model of the Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bowen, J. D.

    2004-12-01

    A modified version of an existing two-dimensional, laterally averaged model (CE-QUAL-W2) was applied to predict water quality conditions in the lower 80-km of the Neuse River Estuary. Separate time periods were modeled for calibration and verification (model testing). The calibration time period ran from June 1997 to December 1999, while the verification time period ran from January to December 2000. During this time the estuary received two periods of unusually high inflows in early 1998 and again in September and October 1999. The latter rainfall event loaded the estuary with the equivalent of nearly two years worth of water and dissolved inorganic nitrogen in just six weeks. Overall, the level of calibration performance achieved by the model was comparable to that attained in other eutrophication model studies of eastern U.S. estuaries. The model most accurately simulated water quality constituents having a consistent spatial variation within the estuary (e.g. nitrate, salinity), and was least accurate for constituents without a consistent spatial variation (e.g. phosphate, chlorophyll-a). Calibration performance varied widely between the three algal groupings modeled (diatoms and dinoflagellates, cryptomonads and chlorophytes, cyanobacteria). Model performance during verification was comparable to the performance seen during calibration. The model's salinity prediction capabilities were somewhat better in the validation, while dissolved oxygen performance in the validation year was slightly poorer compared to calibration performance. Nutrient and chlorophyll-a performance were virtually the same between the calibration and verification exercises. As part of the TMDL analysis, an unsuccessful attempt was made to capture model error as a component of model uncertainty, but it was found that model residuals were neither unbiased nor normally distributed.

  14. Predicting benthic microalgal oxygen and nutrient flux responses to a nutrient reduction management strategy for the eutrophic Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina, USA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fear, John; Gallo, Tom; Hall, Nathan; Loftin, Josh; Paerl, Hans

    2004-11-01

    In response to recent water quality declines, caused by excessive nitrogen (N) loading, a 30% reduction of N inputs into the Neuse River Estuary (NRE) has been mandated by the North Carolina State Legislature. Water quality model predictions as well as nutrient bioassays indicate that a 30% reduction in N will result in a 15% reduction in phytoplankton biomass (as chlorophyll a) in the NRE. Using previously published NRE light extinction coefficient component data and NRE irradiance data, we calculated that the average NRE compensation depth (<1% surface irradiance) would deepen by 13 cm following a 15% reduction in phytoplankton biomass. Hydrographic and bathymetry data were used in a Geographical Information System to plot the resulting increase in euphotic sediment surface area based on the predicted change in the compensation depth. The newly created euphotic sediment surface area represents 4.47 × 10 6 m 2 which is 20% larger than the average sediment surface area in the euphotic zone during the study period (1998-2000). Previous NRE work revealed that euphotic sediment in the NRE support autotrophic benthic microalgal communities (BMC) that alter oxygen and nutrient fluxes. To further quantify this effect, we conducted a series of light versus dark incubations of NRE sediments collected from above (shallow euphotic areas < 1 m water depth) and below (deep aphotic areas > 3.5 m water depth) the compensation depth. Sediment oxygen demand (SOD), nutrient flux and organic matter content were significantly lower in shallow water cores compared to their deep-water counterparts. Furthermore, the illuminated shallow cores demonstrated a 45% decrease in SOD compared to shallow cores incubated in the dark. The combined effect of the projected increase in BMC habitat coupled with the reduction in SOD and nutrient flux associated with BMC represents an overlooked and potentially important benefit of reduced N inputs that could accelerate water quality recovery in the NRE.

  15. REVISED NORTH CAROLINA GROUNDWATER RECHARGE RATES 1998

    EPA Science Inventory

    Revised North Carolina Groundwater Recharge Rates, from Heath, R.C., 1994, unpublished map: North Carolina State University, as modified by the NC Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) Division of Water Quality (DWQ) Groundwater Section, (polygons)

  16. PRINCIPAL GROUNDWATER DISHARGE AREAS IN NORTH CAROLINA

    EPA Science Inventory

    Principal Groundwater Disharge Areas in North Carolina, from Heath, R.C., 1994, Ground-water recharge in North Carolina: North Carolina State
    University, as prepared for the NC Department of Environment, Health and Natural Resources (NC DEHNR) Division of Environmental Manage...

  17. NORTH CAROLINA GROUNDWATER RECHARGE RATES 1994

    EPA Science Inventory

    North Carolina Groundwater Recharge Rates, from Heath, R.C., 1994, Ground-water recharge in North Carolina: North Carolina State University, as prepared for the NC Department of Environment, Health and Natural Resources (NC DEHNR) Division of Enviromental Management Groundwater S...

  18. North Carolina Schools of Interest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of School Planning.

    Educators, architects, engineers, and interested citizens have requested information concerning recently constructed educational facilities in North Carolina which might be of interest and can be visited. The 22 schools in this guide were selected because of one or more specific areas of interest. Many of the schools have been designed to provide…

  19. Anguilliform larvae collected off North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Ross, S.W.; Casazza, T.L.; Quattrini, A.M.; Sulak, K.J.

    2007-01-01

    The distinctive larval stage of eels (leptocephalus) facilitates dispersal through prolonged life in the open ocean. Leptocephali are abundant and diverse off North Carolina, yet data on distributions and biology are lacking. The water column (from surface to 1,293 m) was sampled in or near the Gulf Stream off Cape Hatteras, Cape Lookout, and Cape Fear, North Carolina during summer through fall of 1999-2005, and leptocephali were collected by neuston net, plankton net, Tucker trawl, and dip net. Additional samples were collected nearly monthly from a transect across southern Onslow Bay, North Carolina (from surface to 91 m) from April 2000 to December 2001 by bongo and neuston nets, Methot frame trawl, and Tucker trawl. Overall, 584 tows were completed, and 224 of these yielded larval eels. The 1,295 eel leptocephali collected (combining all methods and areas) represented at least 63 species (nine families). Thirteen species were not known previously from the area. Dominant families for all areas were Congridae (44% of individuals, 11 species), Ophichthidae (30% of individuals, 27 species), and Muraenidae (22% of individuals, ten species). Nine taxa accounted for 70% of the overall leptocephalus catches (in order of decreasing abundance): Paraconger caudilimbatus (Poey), Gymnothorax ocellatus Agassiz complex, Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche), Ophichthus gomesii (Castelnau), Callechelys muraena Jordan and Evermann, Letharchus aliculatus McCosker, Rhynchoconger flavus (Goode and Bean), Ophichthus cruentifer (Goode and Bean), Rhynchoconger gracilior (Ginsburg). The top three species represented 52% of the total eel larvae collected. Most leptocephali were collected at night (79%) and at depths > 45 m. Eighty percent of the eels collected in discrete depth Tucker trawls at night ranged from mean depths of 59-353 m. A substantial number (38% of discrete depth sample total) of larval eels were also collected at the surface (neuston net) at night. Daytime leptocephalus distributions were less clear partly due to low catches and lower Tucker trawl sampling effort. While net avoidance may account for some of the low daytime catches, an alternative explanation is that many species of larval eels occur during the day at depths > 350 m. Larvae of 21 taxa of typically shallow water eels were collected at depths > 350 m, but additional discrete depth diel sampling is needed to resolve leptocephalus vertical distributions. The North Carolina adult eel fauna (estuary to at least 2,000 m) consists of 51 species, 41% of which were represented in these collections. Many species of leptocephali collected are not yet known to have juveniles or adults established in the South Atlantic Bight or north of Cape Hatteras. Despite Gulf Stream transport and a prolonged larval stage, many of these eel leptocephali may not contribute to their respective populations. ?? 2006 Springer-Verlag.

  20. 30 CFR 933.700 - North Carolina Federal program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... for North Carolina. (3) North Carolina Dam Safety Law of 1967, North Carolina General Statutes (NCGS... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false North Carolina Federal program. 933.700 Section... INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE NORTH CAROLINA §...

  1. 30 CFR 933.700 - North Carolina Federal program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... for North Carolina. (3) North Carolina Dam Safety Law of 1967, North Carolina General Statutes (NCGS... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false North Carolina Federal program. 933.700 Section... INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE NORTH CAROLINA §...

  2. 30 CFR 933.700 - North Carolina Federal program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... for North Carolina. (3) North Carolina Dam Safety Law of 1967, North Carolina General Statutes (NCGS... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false North Carolina Federal program. 933.700 Section... INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE NORTH CAROLINA §...

  3. 30 CFR 933.700 - North Carolina Federal program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... for North Carolina. (3) North Carolina Dam Safety Law of 1967, North Carolina General Statutes (NCGS... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false North Carolina Federal program. 933.700 Section... INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE NORTH CAROLINA §...

  4. 30 CFR 933.700 - North Carolina Federal program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... for North Carolina. (3) North Carolina Dam Safety Law of 1967, North Carolina General Statutes (NCGS... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false North Carolina Federal program. 933.700 Section... INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE NORTH CAROLINA §...

  5. Meeting the Challenge in Rural North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barwick, Joseph T.

    2004-01-01

    If the nation's economy over the past 10 years can be described as a roller coaster, North Carolina was riding in the first car. The 1990s offered the promise of North Carolina's moving to the forefront of the nation's prosperity, since it outranked most states on many positive indices and outranked other southern states on most of them. North

  6. Ecology of the Pamlico River, North Carolina: an estuarine profile

    SciTech Connect

    Copeland, B.J.; Hodson, R.G.; Riggs, S.R.

    1984-04-01

    The Pamlico River Estuary in eastern North Carolina is a continuation of the freshwater Tar River and a major tributary to Pamlico Sound, the primary estuarine fishing ground of the State. Water circulation in the estuary is dominated by wind and freshwater inflow. Water salinities range from oligohaline in the upper reaches of the river to mesohaline in most of the lower estuary. Summer water stratification and deoxygenation of bottom waters is a commonly occurring phenomenon. The Pamlico River Estuary is a phytoplankton-based system, supplemented by detrital inputs. Phytoplankton concentrations peak in the spring with a dinoflagellate bloom. Three distinct macrobenthic assemblages dominated by mollusks and annelids occur in shallow water along the salinity gradient. The estuary serves as an important nursery ground for the postlarvae and juveniles of a number of migratory fish species as well as shrimp and blue crabs. These organisms exhibit marked seasonality in their occurrence, governed by a combination of tributary inflows, water temperatures, and water circulation. The Pamlico River Estuary supports a productive fishery in both the river and the Pamlico Sound. Impacts of large-scale drainage activities and nutrient inputs on this fishery are among the issues facing managers of the estuary. 108 references, 69 figures, 26 tables.

  7. 50 CFR 32.52 - North Carolina.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false North Carolina. 32.52 Section 32.52 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) THE NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM HUNTING AND FISHING Refuge-Specific Regulations for Hunting and Fishing § 32.52 North Carolina. The following...

  8. Ecosystem responses to extreme natural events: impacts of three sequential hurricanes in fall 1999 on sediment quality and condition of benthic fauna in the Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina.

    PubMed

    Balthis, W Leonard; Hyland, Jeffrey L; Bearden, Daniel W

    2006-08-01

    A study was conducted in November 1999 to assess sediment quality and condition of benthic fauna in the Neuse River Estuary (NRE), North Carolina, USA, following the passage of three Atlantic hurricanes during the two months prior. Samples for analysis of macroinfauna (>0.5 mm sieve size), chemical contamination of sediments, and other abiotic environmental variables (salinity, dissolved oxygen, pH, depth, sediment granulometry) were collected at 20 sites from the mouth of the Neuse River at Pamlico Sound to approximately 90 km upstream. Results were compared to those obtained from the same area in July 1998 using similar protocols. Depressed salinity, caused by extreme rainfall and associated high freshwater flow, persisted throughout much of the estuary, which had experienced periods of water-column stratification and hypoxia of underlying waters. Fifteen of the 20 sites, representing 299 km2 (76% of the survey area), also showed signs of benthic stress based on a multi-metric benthic index of biotic integrity (B-IBI). Benthic impacts included reductions in the abundance, diversity, and numbers of species and shifts in taxonomic composition, with a notable increase in dominance of the opportunistic polychaete Mediomastus ambiseta as other former dominant species declined. There was no significant increase in the extent of chemical contamination compared to pre-hurricane conditions. Storm-related reductions in dissolved oxygen and salinity were the more likely causes of the observed benthic impacts, though it was not possible, based on these results, to separate storm effects from seasonal changes in the benthos and annual episodes of summer anoxia and hypoxia. PMID:16741819

  9. A healthier economy for North Carolina.

    PubMed

    Hood, John

    2012-01-01

    There is solid empirical evidence for a positive relationship between economic development and health outcomes. A successful strategy for promoting economic growth in North Carolina would include reforms of the state's education, infrastructure, tax, and regulatory policies. PMID:23189437

  10. The North Carolina Clean Smokestacks Act.

    PubMed

    Ross, William G

    2011-01-01

    The story of North Carolina's Clean Smokestacks Act is a story about the link between the environment and health. It is a story about the good things that can happen when a state looks at health care policy through the lens of environmental health. For North Carolina, those good things are cleaner air and better health, for people and the environment, from Clingman's Dome to Jockey's Ridge. PMID:21721499

  11. 40 CFR 81.422 - North Carolina.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... land manager Great Smoky Mountains NP 1 273,551 69-268 USDI-NPS Joyce Kilmer-Slickrock Wild 2 10,201 93... 273,551 acres are in North Carolina, and 241,207 acres are in Tennessee. 2 Joyce Kilmer-Slickrock Wilderness, 14,033 acres overall, of which 10,201 acres are in North Carolina, and 3,832 acres are...

  12. 40 CFR 81.422 - North Carolina.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... land manager Great Smoky Mountains NP 1 273,551 69-268 USDI-NPS Joyce Kilmer-Slickrock Wild 2 10,201 93... 273,551 acres are in North Carolina, and 241,207 acres are in Tennessee. 2 Joyce Kilmer-Slickrock Wilderness, 14,033 acres overall, of which 10,201 acres are in North Carolina, and 3,832 acres are...

  13. 40 CFR 81.422 - North Carolina.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... land manager Great Smoky Mountains NP 1 273,551 69-268 USDI-NPS Joyce Kilmer-Slickrock Wild 2 10,201 93... 273,551 acres are in North Carolina, and 241,207 acres are in Tennessee. 2 Joyce Kilmer-Slickrock Wilderness, 14,033 acres overall, of which 10,201 acres are in North Carolina, and 3,832 acres are...

  14. 40 CFR 81.422 - North Carolina.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... land manager Great Smoky Mountains NP 1 273,551 69-268 USDI-NPS Joyce Kilmer-Slickrock Wild 2 10,201 93... 273,551 acres are in North Carolina, and 241,207 acres are in Tennessee. 2 Joyce Kilmer-Slickrock Wilderness, 14,033 acres overall, of which 10,201 acres are in North Carolina, and 3,832 acres are...

  15. Ecology of Albemarle Sound, North Carolina: an estuarine profile

    SciTech Connect

    Copeland, B.J.; Hodson, R.G.; Riggs, S.R.; Easley, J.E. Jr.

    1983-09-01

    Albemarle Sound, a large oligohaline estuary in northeastern North Carloina, constitutes a significant portion of North Carolina's coastal system. It is shallow, wind dominated, and strongly influenced by freshwater inflow. These conditions, combined with limited oceanic access and exchange, maintain fresh- to brackish water conditions throughout most of the estuary during the year. The nekton are the most well-known biological component of this extensive estuarine system. Albemarle Sound is an important nursery area for a number of anadromous and migratory fish as well as the blue crab and supports fisheries for many of these species. Other biological components (phytoplankton, zooplankton, and benthos) in the estuary are less well studied. Declining fisheries, algal blooms in freshwater tributaries, and changing patterns of land and water use are among the critical issues facing managers of Albemarle Sound. This report discusses current steps being taken toward holistic management and provides a state-of-the-art information base and ecological synthesis of the estuary and its watershed. 89 references, 50 figures, 19 tables.

  16. Higher Educational Opportunities in North Carolina. Higher Education In North Carolina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    University of North Carolina Office of the President, 2004

    2004-01-01

    This newsletter is designed to provide the prospective college student, whether freshman or transfer, with information about the availability of higher education in North Carolina, both public and private. It provides information on The University of North Carolina, community colleges, private senior colleges and universities, theological…

  17. Sediment-water exchange of Vibrio sp. and fecal indicator bacteria: implications for persistence and transport in the Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina, USA.

    PubMed

    Fries, J Stephen; Characklis, Gregory W; Noble, Rachel T

    2008-02-01

    In estuaries, frequent resuspension and deposition of sediment complicate bacterial transport model development by transporting particle-attached bacteria and possibly inducing bacterial responses, such as growth, degradation, or changes in attachment. In order to better characterize these dynamics, observations were made in the Neuse River Estuary (NRE) using the combination of an in situ sampler to monitor the water column and sediment cores to monitor sediment concentrations. Two allochthonous bacteria, Escherichia coli (EC) and Enterococcus sp. (ENT), were selected as proxies for fecal contamination from stormwater runoff. Vibrio sp. (VIB), native to the NRE, was also observed as an autochthonous bacterial group that includes potentially pathogenic species. Two sampling periods were identified as dominated by different suspension types: runoff and resuspension. Despite this difference, several bacterial measures remained comparable between sampling periods. In bottom water, VIB concentration was correlated with salinity and ENT concentration was correlated with turbidity. Differences were observed for EC, where higher concentrations were found in hypoxic waters and sediment during the resuspension period. In the sediment, EC and VIB concentrations significantly increased following the passage of Hurricane Ophelia in September 2005. Throughout this study, all bacterial groups showed evidence of persistence in sediment, suggesting that sediment resuspension represents a significant source of bacteria to the water column. PMID:17945328

  18. 40 CFR 81.334 - North Carolina.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... affecting § 81.334 see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the... County X Wayne County X Wilkes County X Wilson County X Yadkin County X Yancey County X North Carolina... County X Wayne County X Wilkes County X Wilson County X Yadkin County X Yancey County X North...

  19. 40 CFR 81.334 - North Carolina.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    .... Editorial Note: For Federal Register citations affecting § 81.334 see the List of CFR Sections Affected... County X Wayne County X Wilkes County X Wilson County X Yadkin County X Yancey County X North Carolina... County X Wayne County X Wilkes County X Wilson County X Yadkin County X Yancey County X North...

  20. 40 CFR 81.334 - North Carolina.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... affecting § 81.334 see the List of CFR Sections Affected which appears in the Finding Aids section of the... County X Wayne County X Wilkes County X Wilson County X Yadkin County X Yancey County X North Carolina... County X Wayne County X Wilkes County X Wilson County X Yadkin County X Yancey County X North...

  1. Block Scheduling in North Carolina High Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Innovation and Development Services.

    Since 1989, North Carolina has implemented several statewide initiatives to establish high expectations for all students. State educators have also paid increasing attention to the flexible use of time as a resource for expanding student learning. Block scheduling is a reorganization of school time that is increasingly being adopted by North

  2. Optical Analysis of Chromophoric Dissolved Organic Matter as a Tracer of Organic Material in the Neuse River Estuary, Eastern North Carolina

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dickson Brown, J. L.; Paerl, H. W.; Osburn, C. L.

    2010-12-01

    This study presents the first extensive examination of the optical properties of chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) including spectral slope ratios (SR) and fluorescence spectroscopy excitation emission matrices (EEM), in the Neuse River and Neuse River estuary. In situ samples, laboratory mixing experiments, and mathematical mixing models were performed to determine the conservative or non-conservative behavior of CDOM in the Neuse River and its estuary. SR values increased in surface waters progressing along the salinity gradient of the Neuse River, with lower values reflecting riverine or terrestrial source and higher values reflecting a marine source (Freshwater = 0.75; Estuarine water = 1.11). SR values for in situ samples, in lab mixing experiments and calculated mixing models revealed similar trends, with SR values exhibiting conservative behavior until higher salinities where increased variability is seen. Maximum fluorescence for in situ samples, in lab mixing experiments, and calculated mixing models showed conservative mixing within the Neuse River during the winter, but in the early spring in-situ samples were non-conservative. Further analysis on the compositional differences and peak ratios will also be examined to determine further trends seen in Neuse River. It is apparent that the composition and source of the CDOM is being altered; possibly by means of a hydrological, photochemical or microbial processes. EEM’s and SR values have proved useful in detecting different processing mechanisms of dissolved organic matter (DOM) occurring for estuarine systems like the Neuse River. SR values and EEM’s have revealed vital information on the chemistry and source of CDOM as it progresses down the river into the coastal ocean.

  3. Programs addressing health in North Carolina's schools.

    PubMed

    Jones, David K

    2008-01-01

    Because children spend such a large portion of their time in school, it is important that schools are healthy settings. Many organizations have designed programs to help schools increase physical activity, improve nutrition, and reduce substance use. The following is a list of some of these programs, including a brief description of what the program does, how to contact their organization, and where to learn more. Many of these programs are specific to North Carolina, whereas others are national programs which also serve North Carolina's schools. This list is not comprehensive, but exemplifies the types of resources available. Information presented here comes from each program's website. PMID:19256188

  4. Student Sampler: Facts in Brief on North Carolina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh.

    This information sampler was compiled to assist students in their study of North Carolina. Every year North Carolina students must complete a special project on their state. The sampler was designed to introduce students to the people, places, and events that have shaped North Carolina's history. Topics in the sampler include state symbols,…

  5. Student Sampler: Facts in Brief on North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2006

    2006-01-01

    This student sampler has been compiled to assist North Carolina students (4th and 8th grade) in their study of North Carolina. It is designed to introduce them to the people, places and events that have shaped North Carolina history. Topics include state symbols, descriptions of the state flag, and seal, the lyrics to the state song, and the…

  6. 40 CFR 81.334 - North Carolina.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    .... Editorial Note: For Federal Register citations affecting § 81.334 see the List of CFR Sections Affected... County X Wayne County X Wilkes County X Wilson County X Yadkin County X Yancey County X North Carolina... X Warren County X Washington County X Watauga County X Wayne County X Wilkes County X Wilson...

  7. North Carolina School Law: The Principal's Role.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dellinger, Anne M.

    This book outlines the legal aspects of the principal's role in North Carolina and is intended to be used as an instructive and advisory aid when formulating school policy. The principal's legal status, including a definition of authority and employment rights, is discussed. The author delineates the principal's responsibilities for student…

  8. North Carolina Foods and Nutrition Curriculum Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Vocational Education.

    This guide was developed to be used by consumer home economics teachers as a resource in planning and teaching a year-long course in foods and nutrition for high school students in North Carolina. The guide is organized in units of instruction for a first semester course and a second semester course. Each unit contains a content outline, including…

  9. Water dynamics for North Carolina v. Vinifera

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    As North Carolina wine grape (V. vinifera) production intensifies, the importance of water management must be addressed. Grape yield and composition, and consequently wine quality, are profoundly influenced by the water regime under which the grapes were produced. Despite the importance of water man...

  10. A Profile of Ashe County, North Carolina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rash, James O., Jr.; And Others

    From 1950 to 1970, the shift from agriculture to industry dominated Ashe County, North Carolina, isolated on the Blue Ridge by rugged terrain and severe weather. Rural farm population declined by 2/3 but rural non-farm population tripled. Many new industries helped shift the bulk of the work force to industry. In 1950, 45% of the work force farmed…

  11. A Profile of Anson County, North Carolina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farr, M. Gaston; And Others

    Since 1950 Anson County, North Carolina, has had major contributions to economic development, a source of great concern to residents of the almost entirely rural area. The increased capacity of the Blewitt Falls Dam power output and the county-wide water filtration system (one of only a few in the United States today) are attractive to industry.…

  12. Developmental Education in North Carolina Community Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clotfelter, Charles T.; Ladd, Helen F.; Muschkin, Clara; Vigdor, Jacob L.

    2015-01-01

    This article contributes to the empirical literature on remediation in community colleges by using policy variation across North Carolina's community colleges to examine how remediation affects various outcomes for traditional-age college students. We find that being required to take a remedial course (as we define it in this article) either in…

  13. North Carolina Child Health Report Card, 2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Child Advocacy Inst., Raleigh.

    This sixth annual report card is produced to heighten awareness of the health of the children of North Carolina by summarizing important child health indicators. The report is intended to assist health administrators, legislators, and family advocates in their efforts to improve the health and safety of children statewide. Data are presented for…

  14. North Carolina as seen from STS-58

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    An unusually clear, northwestward view of central North Carolina show the farms and timber of the inner coastal plain. The city of Fayettville, and Fort Bragg to the west, is prominent at lower left center. The Research Triangle of Raleigh, Durham and Chapel Hill can be seen at upper right, upstream from Jordan Lake and Harris Lake on the New Hope River.

  15. The Conservation of North Carolina's Natural Resources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington City Board of Education, NC.

    This is a course designed specifically for use in eastern North Carolina or a similar geographic region but this does not preclude the use of its concepts and basic structure for other geographic regions. Plans and activities are student-centered and many are problem-solving oriented and, therefore, may be modified without disrupting the…

  16. 40 CFR 81.422 - North Carolina.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 17 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false North Carolina. 81.422 Section 81.422 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) DESIGNATION OF AREAS FOR AIR QUALITY PLANNING PURPOSES Identification of Mandatory Class I Federal Areas Where Visibility Is an Important Value §...

  17. Juvenile Justice and North Carolina Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mason, Janet

    1984-01-01

    Discusses North Carolina's Alcoholic Beverage Control (ABC) laws that are relevant to colleges (especially public) and elementary and secondary schools generally, and then applies ABC laws to typical circumstances of alcohol use on campuses. Examines civil liability for use of alcohol on campuses. (MLF)

  18. An Outline of North Carolina History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Easterly, John W., Jr.; Williford, Jo Ann

    Designed for teachers and researchers, this comprehensive outline of the history of North Carolina traces the state's history from its earliest Indian occupants to political events occurring during the 1960's. Over 40 chapters are included in the outline. In general, topics deal with expansion and settlement, agriculture and industry,…

  19. Facilities Guidelines. North Carolina Public Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh.

    The 1986 North Carolina Public School Facilities Standards were legislated in 1996 to become Facility Guidelines. A Public School Facilities Task Force was appointed to review and make revisions. These 1997 guidelines define and describe minimum facilities to ensure educational program appropriateness and long-term cost efficiency. They were…

  20. DISTRIBUTION OF PHYTOPLANKTON IN NORTH CAROLINA LAKES

    EPA Science Inventory

    This is a data report presenting the species and abundance of phytoplankton in the 16 lakes sampled by the National Eutrophication Survey in the state of North Carolina. Results from the calculation of several water quality indices are also included (Nygaard's Trophic State Index...

  1. A Profile of Ashe County, North Carolina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rash, James O., Jr.; And Others

    From 1950 to 1970, the shift from agriculture to industry dominated Ashe County, North Carolina, isolated on the Blue Ridge by rugged terrain and severe weather. Rural farm population declined by 2/3 but rural non-farm population tripled. Many new industries helped shift the bulk of the work force to industry. In 1950, 45% of the work force farmed…

  2. North Carolina Child Health Report Card, 2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vitaglione, Tom; Weisner, Kristie

    This seventh annual report card is produced to heighten awareness of the health of the children of North Carolina by summarizing important child health indicators. The report is intended to assist health administrators, legislators, and family advocates in their efforts to improve the health and safety of children statewide. Data are presented for…

  3. A Profile of Anson County, North Carolina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farr, M. Gaston; And Others

    Since 1950 Anson County, North Carolina, has had major contributions to economic development, a source of great concern to residents of the almost entirely rural area. The increased capacity of the Blewitt Falls Dam power output and the county-wide water filtration system (one of only a few in the United States today) are attractive to industry.…

  4. North Carolina Clothing and Textiles Curriculum Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Vocational Education.

    This guide was developed to be used by consumer home economics teachers as a resource in planning and teaching a year-long course in clothing and textiles for high school students in North Carolina. The guide is organized in units of instruction for a first semester course and a second semester course. Each unit contains a content outline,…

  5. School Choice and the North Carolina Constitution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roland, David

    2006-01-01

    There continues to be a significant debate as to the most effective means of providing North Carolina's children with the best possible education. The one point upon which a great majority agree is that, despite substantial increases in funding, public education is not meeting the needs of a large proportion of the state's students. This paper…

  6. North Carolina Public Schools. Statistical Profile 2004

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2004

    2004-01-01

    This document is a collection of statistical information about North Carolina's elementary and secondary schools. The purpose of this book is to provide general statistical data to the public, professional educators, and the General Assembly. This document includes information on public school pupils, personnel, and finances. Tables with statewide…

  7. Arsenic in North Carolina: Public Health Implications

    PubMed Central

    Sanders, Alison P.; Messier, Kyle P.; Shehee, Mina; Rudo, Kenneth; Serre, Marc L.; Fry, Rebecca C.

    2012-01-01

    Arsenic is a known human carcinogen and relevant environmental contaminant in drinking water systems. We set out to comprehensively examine statewide arsenic trends and identify areas of public health concern. Specifically, arsenic trends in North Carolina private wells were evaluated over an eleven-year period using the North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services (NCDHHS) database for private domestic well waters. We geocoded over 63,000 domestic well measurements by applying a novel geocoding algorithm and error validation scheme. Arsenic measurements and geographical coordinates for database entries were mapped using Geographic Information System (GIS) techniques. Furthermore, we employed a Bayesian Maximum Entropy (BME) geostatistical framework, which accounts for geocoding error to better estimate arsenic values across the state and identify trends for unmonitored locations. Of the approximately 63,000 monitored wells, 7,712 showed detectable arsenic concentrations that ranged between 1 and 806 ÎĽg/L. Additionally, 1,436 well samples exceeded the EPA drinking water standard. We reveal counties of concern and demonstrate a historical pattern of elevated arsenic in some counties, particularly those located along the Carolina terrane (Carolina slate belt). We analyzed these data in the context of populations using private well water and identify counties for targeted monitoring, such as Stanly and Union Counties. By spatiotemporally mapping these data, our BME estimate revealed arsenic trends at unmonitored locations within counties and better predicted well concentrations when compared to the classical kriging method. This study reveals relevant information on the location of arsenic-contaminated private domestic wells in North Carolina and indicates potential areas at increased risk for adverse health outcomes. PMID:21982028

  8. Utilization of ERTS-1 data in North Carolina

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Welby, C. W. (Principal Investigator); Lammi, J. O.; Carson, R. J., III

    1973-01-01

    The author has identified the following significant results. A wide range of potential uses for ERTS-1 imagery is described. Special emphasis has been placed upon studies in the Coastal Plain of North Carolina. Soil groups, water quality, and suspended sediment patterns in estuaries and offshore have been studied. A phytoplankton bloom has possibly been detected. The usefulness of the imagery in coastal landform surveys has been demonstrated as has its usefulness in monitoring developmental activity in the forests. Planners appear hesitant to use the imagery because of its small scale, but it is felt that as they become familiar with the imagery they will find it useful and time-saving for many purposes.

  9. Distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in oyster (Crassostrea virginica) and surface sediment from two estuaries in South Carolina.

    PubMed

    Sanders, M

    1995-05-01

    The concentration of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was determined in oysters and sediments collected from two high salinity estuaries from the coast of South Carolina. The two estuaries were Murrells Inlet (urban), an estuary receiving urbanized drainage and run-off, and North Inlet (non-urban), receiving drainage from heavily forested terrain and minimal anthropogenic input. A minimum of thirty (30 stations were sampled in Murrells and North Inlets, respectively. A composite oyster sample (n = 30) was analyzed for each station. For sediment, a sample from the top 3-5 cm of the sediment surface from each station was analyzed. In oyster from Murrells Inlet, total PAHs concentrations within the 75 percentile were located in the northern portion of the estuary near marinas, adjacent to residential areas of high population density, near commercial enterprises or run-off from storm drains. Total PAHs within the 25 percentile were located near the mouth of the estuary. These results showed PAHs concentration gradient in the estuary that was highest in narrow creeks, where the urban shore interfaced with tidal creeks and lowest at the mouth of the estuary. In the case for sediment, a similar gradient was observed. In comparing the mean total PAHs of the two inlets, Murrells Inlet had significantly higher (p < 0.01) total PAHs concentrations than North Inlet for oyster and sediment, respectively. In comparing PAHs concentrations among the two matrices in Murrells Inlet, these data showed that the pattern of individual PAHs in oyster and in sediment were different. Oysters tended to accumulate the lower molecular weight and the more water-soluble PAHs compared to PAHs found in sediment. As expected, differences in octanol/water partition coefficient among individual PAHs and the greater persistence of the higher molecular weight PAHs contributed to the accumulation patterns in oyster and sediment. PMID:7755394

  10. AIRSHED DOMAINS FOR MODELING ATMOSPHERIC DEPOSITION OF OXIDIZED AND REDUCED NITROGEN TO THE NEUSE/PAMLICO SYSTEM OF NORTH CAROLINA

    EPA Science Inventory

    Atmospheric deposition is important to nutrient loadings to coastal estuaries. Atmospheric emissions of nitrogen travel hundreds of kilometers as they are removed via atmospheric deposition. Long-range transport from outside the Neuse/Pamlico system in North Carolina is an impo...

  11. Optics professional development in North Carolina

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gilchrist, Pamela O.; Hilliard-Clark, Joyce; Bowles, Tuere

    2010-08-01

    Using the Photonics Leaders (PL2) program model of recruitment and retention, photonics content, parental engagement, internship, and a hybrid virtual format, the session's goal is to inform outreach coordinators and scientists of strategies used to develop teachers' awareness and skills in teaching Optics to ethnically diverse students who lack traditional experiences in the discipline. The National Science Foundation (NSF) Innovative Technology Experiences for Students and Teachers (ITEST) funded program highlights initial findings of a pilot study with middle and high school teachers from The Science House at North Carolina State University sharing lessons learned and future scale-up plans.

  12. Minerals yearbook, 1991: North Carolina. Annual report

    SciTech Connect

    Sikich, S.W.; Carpenter, P.A.; Wiener, L.S.

    1993-05-01

    The value of nonfuel minerals produced in North Carolina decreased 6.2% from that of 1990. The value dropped from $589.7 million in 1990 to $552.9 million in 1991, largely as a result of the recession that has impacted the Nation in recent years. Decreases in the sales of the State's leading mineral commodity, crushed stone, as well as clays, feldspar, gemstones, scrap mica, olivine, construction sand and gravel, and pyrophyllite, more than offset small to moderate increases in the sales of lithium minerals, peat, phosphate rock, and industrial sand and gravel. Tables and statistical data are included in the annual report.

  13. 77 FR 43077 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; North Carolina Sales Tax Certification

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-23

    ... Regulation; Information Collection; North Carolina Sales Tax Certification AGENCY: Department of Defense (DOD... approved information collection requirement concerning North Carolina sales tax certification. Public...: Submit comments identified by Information Collection 9000- 0059, North Carolina Sales Tax...

  14. Unsaturated zone characteristics rating for North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Terziotti, Silvia; Eimers, Jo Leslie

    2001-01-01

    This web site contains the Federal Geographic Data Committee-compliant metadata (documentation) for digital data produced for the North Carolina, Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Public Water Supply Section, Source Water Assessment Program. The metadata are for 11 individual Geographic Information System data sets. An overlay and indexing method was used with the data to derive a rating for unsaturated zone and watershed characteristics for use by the State of North Carolina in assessing more than 11,000 public water-supply wells and approximately 245 public surface-water intakes for susceptibility to contamination. For ground-water supplies, the digital data sets used in the assessment included unsaturated zone rating, vertical series hydraulic conductance, land-surface slope, and land cover. For assessment of public surface-water intakes, the data sets included watershed characteristics rating, average annual precipitation, land-surface slope, land cover, and ground-water contribution. Documentation for the land-use data set applies to both the unsaturated zone and watershed characteristics ratings. Documentation for the estimated depth-to-water map used in the calculation of the vertical series hydraulic conductance also is included.

  15. Watershed characteristics rating for North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Terziotti, Silvia; Eimers, Jo Leslie; Weaver, J. Curtis

    2001-01-01

    This web site contains the Federal Geographic Data Committee-compliant metadata (documentation) for digital data produced for the North Carolina, Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Public Water Supply Section, Source Water Assessment Program. The metadata are for 11 individual Geographic Information System data sets. An overlay and indexing method was used with the data to derive a rating for unsaturated zone and watershed characteristics for use by the State of North Carolina in assessing more than 11,000 public water-supply wells and approximately 245 public surface-water intakes for susceptibility to contamination. For ground-water supplies, the digital data sets used in the assessment included unsaturated zone rating, vertical series hydraulic conductance, land-surface slope, and land cover. For assessment of public surface-water intakes, the data sets included watershed characteristics rating, average annual precipitation, land-surface slope, land cover, and ground-water contribution. Documentation for the land-use data set applies to both the unsaturated zone and watershed characteristics ratings. Documentation for the estimated depth-to-water map used in the calculation of the vertical series hydraulic conductance also is included.

  16. Estimated depth to water, North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Eimers, Jo Leslie; Terziotti, Silvia; Giorgino, Mary J.

    2001-01-01

    This web site contains the Federal Geographic Data Committee-compliant metadata (documentation) for digital data produced for the North Carolina, Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Public Water Supply Section, Source Water Assessment Program. The metadata are for 11 individual Geographic Information System data sets. An overlay and indexing method was used with the data to derive a rating for unsaturated zone and watershed characteristics for use by the State of North Carolina in assessing more than 11,000 public water-supply wells and approximately 245 public surface-water intakes for susceptibility to contamination. For ground-water supplies, the digital data sets used in the assessment included unsaturated zone rating, vertical series hydraulic conductance, land-surface slope, and land cover. For assessment of public surface-water intakes, the data sets included watershed characteristics rating, average annual precipitation, land-surface slope, land cover, and ground-water contribution. Documentation for the land-use data set applies to both the unsaturated zone and watershed characteristics ratings. Documentation for the estimated depth-to-water map used in the calculation of the vertical series hydraulic conductance also is included.

  17. 76 FR 61726 - North Carolina; Emergency and Related Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-05

    ... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency North Carolina; Emergency and Related Determinations AGENCY: Federal Emergency Management Agency, DHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This is a notice of the Presidential declaration of an emergency for the State of North Carolina (FEMA-3327-EM), dated August 25, 2011, and...

  18. U. of North Carolina Chooses Slow and Steady Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnevale, Dan

    2007-01-01

    After watching the University of Phoenix become a national leader in online education, officials of the University of North Carolina system thought they could do it, too. Unlike Phoenix, which is a for-profit institution, the North Carolina system benefits from having a strong traditional reputation that comes with being a state university.…

  19. Drowning Deaths in North Carolina. SCHS Studies No. 42.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patetta, Michael J.

    North Carolina, with a large number of major rivers, lakes, and reservoirs, and 320 miles of ocean shoreline, has a comparatively high drowning rate. A study was conducted to examine drowning deaths that occurred in North Carolina between 1980 and 1984. Data were obtained from the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner. Data from Drowning Abstract…

  20. North Carolina Marine Education Manual, Unit One: Coastal Geology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mauldin, Lundie; Frankenberg, Dirk

    Presented are teaching materials designed to supplement North Carolina's course of study plans in earth science for the intermediate grades and junior high schools. This manual is one of a collection produced by North Carolina teachers and university faculty under a Sea Grant project entitled "Man and the Seacoast." Included are 27 activities and…

  1. U. of North Carolina Chooses Slow and Steady Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnevale, Dan

    2007-01-01

    After watching the University of Phoenix become a national leader in online education, officials of the University of North Carolina system thought they could do it, too. Unlike Phoenix, which is a for-profit institution, the North Carolina system benefits from having a strong traditional reputation that comes with being a state university.…

  2. Publishing Trends within State Government: The Situation in North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Kristin E.

    2004-01-01

    The State Library of North Carolina is responsible for ensuring public access to North Carolina state government publications and maintaining a permanent state documents depository collections. Over the last 7 years, state agencies have increasingly disseminated information in digital formats via the Internet, posing challenges for the State…

  3. North Carolina Teacher Working Conditions Survey Interim Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hirsch, Eric; Emerick, Scott

    2006-01-01

    Since 2002, North Carolina, under the leadership of Governor Mike Easley and the North Carolina Professional Teaching Standards Commission, has worked to improve understanding of a critical factor in student learning and teacher retention: the conditions under which teachers work. In 2006, 66 percent (more than 75,000) school-based licensed…

  4. The State Library and Library Development in North Carolina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitchell, Thornton W.

    This study develops a chronological summary of the relationship between the development of library service in North Carolina--particularly public library service--and the State Library and the North Carolina Library Commission. The study was the first step in a long-range planning enterprise (to the year 2000) which encompasses not only…

  5. Cherokee High School Educational Specifications [Cherokee, North Carolina].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, Cherokee, NC.

    Educational specifications for the Cherokee School and Community Learning Center in Cherokee, North Carolina constitute the content of this publication as reviewed, evaluated, and revised by the Cherokee Task Force, the Tribal Education Committee, representatives of North Carolina's State Department of Public Instruction, the Bureau of Indian…

  6. North Carolina Association of Community College Trustees Review, 1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Association of Community College Trustees Review, 1993

    1993-01-01

    "North Carolina Association of Community College Trustees (NCACCT) Review" is designed to educate and inform trustees serving on the 68 boards of North Carolina's community colleges. The four issues of volume 1 contain the following major articles: (1) "Critical Legislative Session Ahead: A Report from the Department of Community Colleges," by…

  7. Statistical Profile. Public Schools of North Carolina, 2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh.

    This "Profile" is a collection of statistical information about North Carolina's elementary and secondary schools. It is the 28th edition of a publication initiated in 1975. The book provides general statistical information to the public, professional educators, and the North Carolina General Assembly. The profile contains information on public…

  8. Lethal domestic violence in eastern North Carolina.

    PubMed

    Gilliland, M G; Spence, P R; Spence, R L

    2000-01-01

    Strategies for preventing domestic violence can be tailored to a particular geographic or socioeconomic area if the patterns of domestic violence in the area are known. National statistics, although widely available, may not be applicable to a specific region. We reviewed homicide deaths in Eastern North Carolina between 1978 and 1999 to identify patterns in this rural area. Approximately 20% of the homicide deaths in eastern North Carolina are caused by intimate partners. Women accounted for 53% of the victims in 1976, similar to national figures but not rising to 72% as seen nationally in 1998. Latinos are an increasing presence in the area, but had only one recorded episode of lethal violence against an intimate partner. Gunshots accounted for most of the deaths (59% in men, 72% in women). Knowledge of such patterns can assist in selecting prevention strategies for this particular area. Over the last 25 years increasing attention has been devoted to domestic violence (DV), initially defined as abuse committed against a spouse, former spouse, fiancée, boy- or girlfriend, or cohabitant. As time has passed, the definition has been broadened to include other family members--elders, children, and siblings. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) now uses the term "intimate partner violence" for intentional emotional or physical abuse inflicted by a spouse, ex-spouse, a present or former boy- or girlfriend, or date. For the purposes of this paper, we consider DV interchangeable with intimate partner violence. There has been a national concern that abusive events are under-reported. The National Crime Victimization Survey, an anonymous household survey, indicated nearly 1 million incidents of non-lethal intimate partner violence per year between 1992 and 1996. The number decreased from 1.1 million in 1993 to 840,000 in 1996. Attempts to validate such data for a given geographic area often require subjects to violate anonymity--this may account for lower reports of violence. A recent national report from the Justice Department found a decline in both lethal and non-lethal DV. The number of men murdered by wives or girlfriends "plunged 60% from 1976 through 1998". FBI data on homicides showed that "intimate partners committed fewer murders each year during 1996, 1997, and 1998 than in any other year since 1976". Nationally, intimate partners caused 3000 deaths in 1976, 1590 (53%) in women; in 1998, they caused 1830 deaths, 1320 (73%) in women. But fatal cases of DV are only the tip of the iceberg, and may pertain only to a particular geographic area. We undertook the present study to assess the prevalence of lethal domestic violence in the 29 counties of eastern North Carolina (ENC) that make up the catchment area for the University Health Systems of Eastern Carolina (UHSEC). UHSEC includes the Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University (BSM-ECU; previously known as East Carolina University-SOM) and Pitt County Memorial Hospital. PMID:11008460

  9. North Carolina Council of Vocational Teacher Educators. Proceedings of the Annual Summer Workshop (11th, Raleigh, North Carolina, August 1996).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joyner, Randy L., Ed.

    This proceedings contains six papers selected by a review committee composed of teacher educators from North Carolina. The following papers are included: "Status of Ethics Instruction in Business Classrooms in North Carolina" (Vivian Arnold); "Middle School Students' Perceptions of Family and Consumer Sciences Teaching as a Career" (Cheryl L.…

  10. Multiple deformation at the western edge of the Carolina slate belt, north-central North Carolina

    SciTech Connect

    Hibbard, J.P.; Shell, G.S.; Wilkins, J.K. ); Samson, S.; Wortman, G. . Dept. of Geology)

    1994-03-01

    In north-central North Carolina, volcanic-plutonic rocks of the Carolina slate belt are separated from gneisses of the Milton belt to the west by a wide, ENE-trending, polygenetic structural zone. Within a portion of this zone, the Country Line Creek complex (CLCC) forms the western edge of the slate belt. Rocks of the CLCC span a wide age range and include mafic and granitoid gneisses with subordinate pelitic schist, granitoid pegmatite, and a concordant sheet-like intrusion, the Yanceyville metagranite. The complex is heterogeneously deformed and metamorphosed. Along the SE margin of the structural zone, steeply-dipping, strongly foliated biotite granitoid and mafic gneisses of the complex appear to be intruded by the Roxboro metagranite of the Carolina slate belt. To the NW, in more interior portions of the zone, the CLCC is affected by multiphase foliations and folds that record a dextral oblique normal shear event. Here, the Yanceyville metagranite is affected by a strong foliation that is folded. A preliminary new date on the Roxboro pluton of ca. 545 Ma, indicates a Late Precambrian or older timing of deformation along the SE margin of the zone. In contrast, a preliminary, ca. 340 Ma, age on the Yanceyville metagranite indicates multiple stage Late Paleozoic deformation for interior portions of the zone. Regional structural and isotopic data hint that the Precambrian deformation may record initial interactions between the Milton and Carolina slate belts. Subsequently, this contact was reactivated during Alleghanian orogenesis.

  11. LINVILLE GORGE WILDERNESS AND ADDITIONS, NORTH CAROLINA.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    D'Agostino, John P.; Gazdik, Gertrude C.

    1984-01-01

    The Linville Gorge Wilderness and additions (here called study area) comprise approximately 17 sq mi in the Blue Ridge Mountains of western North Carolina. During a mineral-resource survey little evidence for the occurrence of metallic mineral resources was identified. Rock suitable as small-size building stone and crushed aggregate for construction use is abundant, but similar material is more readily accessible outside the wilderness. Recent seismic data indicate that the Proterozoic and Cambrian metamorphic rocks exposed at the surface are underlain at a depth of about 8000 to 10,000 ft by Paleozoic sedimentary rocks 15,000 to 20,000 ft thick which could have a resource potential for gaseous hydrocarbons and metallic sulfide ores, but further studies are needed to evaluate this potential.

  12. 75 FR 62182 - Notice of Final Federal Agency Actions on Proposed Highway in North Carolina

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-07

    ... Analysis Branch Manager, North Carolina Department of Transportation (NCDOT), 1 South Wilmington Street... Development and Environmental Analysis Branch, 1 South Wilmington Street, Raleigh, North Carolina; NCDOT... Carolina AGENCY: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), USDOT. ACTION: Notice of limitation on claims...

  13. Evaluating the Effect of Bottom Trawls in Pamlico River, North Carolina

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Corbett, D. Reide; West, Terry; Clough, Lisa; Frank, James; Calfee, Worth

    2003-01-01

    The objective of this study is to evaluate and quantify the amount of sediment resuspension on shallow estuarine systems, with specific comparisons between natural and trawling-induced events. This aids in the assessment of water quality and sediment processes on a specific coastal system of North Carolina, providing a basis for future studies on other shallow estuarine ecosystems. Categorizing these sediment processes into distinct individual units (e.g. natural vs. anthropogenic) is an important component toward fully realizing proper management of our coastal habitats. Heavy trawling activity along North Carolina s coast is one of the major obstacles in management plans. Therefore, it is imperative to quantify the effects of trawling to gain a more specific understanding of the human impact on estuaries.

  14. 104. North Carolina Route 1130 grade separation structure at Air ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    104. North Carolina Route 1130 grade separation structure at Air Bellows Gap. Detail of the stepped wing wall. Looking southwest. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

  15. 143. North Carolina route 181 grade separation structure. Detail of ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    143. North Carolina route 181 grade separation structure. Detail of the arch stones. View is east-southeast. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

  16. 25. Newfound Gap Road, pullout after switchback, North Carolina side. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    25. Newfound Gap Road, pullout after switchback, North Carolina side. - Great Smoky Mountains National Park Roads & Bridges, Newfound Gap Road, Between Gatlinburg, TN & Cherokee, NC, Gatlinburg, Sevier County, TN

  17. 21. Newfound Gap Road, last pullout before gap, North Carolina ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    21. Newfound Gap Road, last pullout before gap, North Carolina side. - Great Smoky Mountains National Park Roads & Bridges, Newfound Gap Road, Between Gatlinburg, TN & Cherokee, NC, Gatlinburg, Sevier County, TN

  18. 26. Newfound Gap Road, North Carolina side, with Oconaluftee River. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    26. Newfound Gap Road, North Carolina side, with Oconaluftee River. - Great Smoky Mountains National Park Roads & Bridges, Newfound Gap Road, Between Gatlinburg, TN & Cherokee, NC, Gatlinburg, Sevier County, TN

  19. 105. North Carolina Route 1130 grade separation structure at Air ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    105. North Carolina Route 1130 grade separation structure at Air Bellows Gap. View showing the access road from the parkway. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

  20. 103. North Carolina Route 1130 grade separation structure at Air ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    103. North Carolina Route 1130 grade separation structure at Air Bellows Gap. Elevation view of concrete slab bridge built in 1937. Looking southeast. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

  1. Regional assessment of nonforestry related biomass resources: North Carolina

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-11-01

    This document is a collection of spreadsheets detailing in a county by county manner the agricultural crop, agricultural wastes, municipal wastes and industrial wastes of North Carolina that are potential biomass energy sources.

  2. Wind Powering America: The Next Steps in North Carolina

    SciTech Connect

    Banks, Jennifer L.; Scanlin, Dennis; Quinlan, Paul

    2013-06-18

    The goal of this project is to apply the WPA’s proactive outreach strategy to the problem of educating the public about the likely transmission infrastructure developments concomitant to the significant development of wind energy resources in North Carolina. Given the lead time to develop significant new transmission infrastructure (5-10 years), it is critical to begin this outreach work today, so that wind resources can be developed to adequately meet the 20% by 2030 goal in the mid- to long-term (10-20 years). The project team planned to develop a transmission infrastructure outreach campaign for North Carolina by: (1) convening a utility interest group (UIG) of the North Carolina Wind Working Group (NC WWG) consisting of electric utilities in the state and the Southeast; and (2) expanding outreach to local and state government officials in North Carolina.

  3. Postmortem levetiracetam (Keppra®) data from North Carolina.

    PubMed

    Bishop-Freeman, Sandra C; Kornegay, Nina C; Winecker, Ruth E

    2012-07-01

    Levetiracetam (Keppra®) is one of the newer anticonvulsant drugs used to treat seizures. Since 2003, the North Carolina Office of the Chief Medical Examiner Toxicology Laboratory has collected quantitative levetiracetam data in samples for 56 postmortem cases. The data presented herein will provide the forensic community with concentrations to assist in the interpretation of levetiracetam in postmortem blood. Decedents were divided into two groups according to manner of death as determined by the medical examiner for the purposes of studying levetiracetam concentrations. There were equal numbers of natural (N = 28) and non-natural deaths (N = 28). These data were subsequently divided into subgroups for further study to explore the therapeutic range of levetiracetam and how it relates to postmortem data. The cases not certified as natural were investigated to study levetiracetam concentrations in cases where it was determined to contribute to the cause of death (attributed) and those where it was not (unattributed). Until now, the literature has only reported levetiracetam overdoses in which the individuals have recovered with respiratory support. Discussed are two suicidal drug deaths from 2010 that are noted to have elevated levels of levetiracetam, 190 and 35 mg/L. Also included in the complete data set are postmortem concentrations for five patients under the age of 10 with levetiracetam ranging from 1.4 to 50 mg/L. This paper will also address the adverse effects of the drug and explore its potential risk for suicide. PMID:22635608

  4. A geochemical atlas of North Carolina, USA

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Reid, J.C.

    1993-01-01

    A geochemical atlas of North Carolina, U.S.A., was prepared using National Uranium Resource Evaluation (NURE) stream-sediment data. Before termination of the NURE program, sampling of nearly the entire state (48,666 square miles of land area) was completed and geochemical analyses were obtained. The NURE data are applicable to mineral exploration, agriculture, waste disposal siting issues, health, and environmental studies. Applications in state government include resource surveys to assist mineral exploration by identifying geochemical anomalies and areas of mineralization. Agriculture seeks to identify areas with favorable (or unfavorable) conditions for plant growth, disease, and crop productivity. Trace elements such as cobalt, copper, chromium, iron, manganese, zinc, and molybdenum must be present within narrow ranges in soils for optimum growth and productivity. Trace elements as a contributing factor to disease are of concern to health professionals. Industry can use pH and conductivity data for water samples to site facilities which require specific water quality. The North Carolina NURE database consists of stream-sediment samples, groundwater samples, and stream-water analyses. The statewide database consists of 6,744 stream-sediment sites, 5,778 groundwater sample sites, and 295 stream-water sites. Neutron activation analyses were provided for U, Br, Cl, F, Mn, Na, Al, V, Dy in groundwater and stream water, and for U, Th, Hf, Ce, Fe, Mn, Na, Sc, Ti, V, Al, Dy, Eu, La, Sm, Yb, and Lu in stream sediments. Supplemental analyses by other techniques were reported on U (extractable), Ag, As, Ba, Be, Ca, Co, Cr, Cu, K, Li, Mg, Mo, Nb, Ni, P, Pb, Se, Sn, Sr, W, Y, and Zn for 4,619 stream-sediment samples. A small subset of 334 stream samples was analyzed for gold. The goal of the atlas was to make available the statewide NURE data with minimal interpretation to enable prospective users to modify and manipulate the data for their end use. The atlas provides only very general indication of geochemical distribution patterns and should not be used for site specific studies. The atlas maps for each element were computer-generated at the state's geographic information system (Center for Geographic Information and Analysis [CGIA]). The Division of Statistics and Information Services provided input files. The maps in the atlas are point maps. Each sample is represented by a symbol generally corresponding to a quartile class. Other reports will transmit sample and analytical data for state regions. Data are tentatively planned to be available on disks in spreadsheet format for personal computers. During the second phase of this project, stream-sediment samples are being assigned to state geologic map unit names using a GIS system to determine background and anomaly values. Subsequent publications will make this geochemical data and accompanying interpretations available to a wide spectrum of interdisciplinary users. ?? 1993.

  5. Environmental injustice in North Carolina's hog industry.

    PubMed Central

    Wing, S; Cole, D; Grant, G

    2000-01-01

    Rapid growth and the concentration of hog production in North Carolina have raised concerns of a disproportionate impact of pollution and offensive odors on poor and nonwhite communities. We analyzed the location and characteristics of 2,514 intensive hog operations in relation to racial, economic, and water source characteristics of census block groups, neighborhoods with an average of approximately 500 households each. We used Poisson regression to evaluate the extent to which relationships between environmental justice variables and the number of hog operations persisted after consideration of population density. There are 18.9 times as many hog operations in the highest quintile of poverty as compared to the lowest; however, adjustment for population density reduces the excess to 7.2. Hog operations are approximately 5 times as common in the highest three quintiles of the percentage nonwhite population as compared to the lowest, adjusted for population density. The excess of hog operations is greatest in areas with both high poverty and high percentage nonwhites. Operations run by corporate integrators are more concentrated in poor and nonwhite areas than are operations run by independent growers. Most hog operations, which use waste pits that can contaminate groundwater, are located in areas with high dependence on well water for drinking. Disproportionate impacts of intensive hog production on people of color and on the poor may impede improvements in economic and environmental conditions that are needed to address public health in areas which have high disease rates and low access to medical care as compared to other areas of the state. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 PMID:10706528

  6. Novel fen ecosystems in western North Carolina

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wilcox, J. D.

    2012-12-01

    Western North Carolina is mountainous, and groundwater flows from hillslope recharge zones to valley stream and spring discharge zones. Depending on surface topography and geologic conditions, the water table may approach or intersect the ground surface to form seepage wetlands, or fens. Fen ecosystems can be very sensitive to changes in land use, groundwater pumping, and upslope development. This presentation will focus on two sites where historical land use and human activity played important roles in creating or preserving fen ecosystems. Both sites now support—and are being managed to protect—federally endangered flora and fauna. The first site is home to Sarracenia oreophilia, an endangered pitcher plant that thrives on saturated soils with low nutrient content. The site's early history includes tree clearing, drain tile installation, and cattle grazing, while more recent management activities have included drain tile excavation, manual invasive removal, and prescribed burns. A 15-year water-level record indicates seasonal artesian conditions wet a 3m clay unit (K=2E-5 cm/sec) beneath the site, which is able to retain moisture during drier periods. Shorter "clay wetting periods" during drought years (1999-2000; 2007-2008) correspond to reduced clump counts in pitcher-plant surveys. The second site is a former aggregate quarry that now supports over 60 bog turtles (Clemmys muhlenbergii). The biggest threat to this site is encroachment of non-native and invasive multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora) and other large woody species. Management activities include manual removal and prescribed goat herbivory. Current efforts to characterize the springs, water-table, and surface-water flows will be used to detect changes in the future to the hydrologic regime in the fen.

  7. Cohort studies of health effects among people exposed to estuarine waters: North Carolina, Virginia, and Maryland.

    PubMed Central

    Moe, C L; Turf, E; Oldach, D; Bell, P; Hutton, S; Savitz, D; Koltai, D; Turf, M; Ingsrisawang, L; Hart, R; Ball, J D; Stutts, M; McCarter, R; Wilson, L; Haselow, D; Grattan, L; Morris, J G; Weber, D J

    2001-01-01

    A variety of human symptoms have been associated with exposure to the dinoflagellate Pfiesteria and have been grouped together into a syndrome termed "possible estuary-associated syndrome." Prospective cohort studies of health effects associated with exposure to estuarine waters that may contain Pfiesteria spp. and related organisms are in progress in North Carolina, Virginia, and Maryland. The three studies recruited cohorts of 118-238 subjects who work or engaged in recreation in estuary waters. Baseline health and neuropsychological evaluations are conducted, and study subjects are followed prospectively for 2-5 years with periodic assessments of health and performance on a battery of neuropsychological tests. Health symptoms and estuary water exposure are recorded by telephone interviews or diaries every 1-2 weeks. Water quality information, including measurements of Pfiesteria spp., is collected in the areas where the subjects are working. Because it is not possible to measure individual exposure to Pfiesteria or a toxin produced by this organism, these studies examine surrogate exposure measures (e.g., time spent in estuary waters, in a fish kill area, or in waters where Pfiesteria DNA was detected by molecular amplification). Preliminary analyses of the first 2 years (1998-2000) of data indicate that none of the three ongoing cohorts have detected adverse health effects. However, there have not been any reported fish kills associated with Pfiesteria since the studies began, so it is possible that none of the study subjects have been exposed to toxin-producing Pfiesteria spp. PMID:11677189

  8. Vegetational analysis with Skylab-3 imagery. [Perquimans County, North Carolina

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Welby, C. W. (Principal Investigator); Holman, R. E.

    1975-01-01

    The author has identified the following significant results. Color infrared photography from Skylab 3 appeared to be superior to ERTS imagery in a vegetational study of northeastern North Carolina. An accuracy of 87% was achieved in delimiting species composition and zonation patterns of three coastal, vegetation classes. A vegetation map of Perquimans County, North Carolina, seemed to have a high degree of correlation with information provided by high altitude U-2 photography. Random verification sites revealed an overall interpretation accuracy above 84%. Comparison of maps drawn utilizing Skylab photography with North Carolina Dept. of Agriculture estimates of crop acreage revealed some marked discrepancies. The chief difference lies in the nonagricultural category in which there is a 30% discrepancy. This fact raised some questions as to the definition of nonagricultural land uses and methods used by the State Dept. of Agriculture to determine actual percentages of crops grown.

  9. Effects of Hurricane Floyd Inland Flooding, September-October 1999, on Tributaries to Pamlico Sound, North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Bales, J.D.

    2003-01-01

    Hurricane Floyd in September 1999 caused disastrous flooding from South Carolina to Massachusetts in the United States, with particularly severe and prolonged flooding in eastern North Carolina resulting in record flood-flow loadings of freshwater and contaminants to Pamlico Sound, North Carolina. The inland flooding, water quality, and loadings to Pamlico Sound were determined as part of a multi-agency response to the floods and in an effort to understand the effects of the floods on the greater Pamlico Sound Basin. All major river basins draining to Pamlico Sound experienced floods at the 500-yr recurrence level. The volume of flood waters entering Pamlico Sound during September-October 1999 was estimated to be equivalent to about 95% of the volume of Pamlico Sound, meaning that flood waters could have essentially displaced most of the water present in Pamlico Sound. Nitrogen and phosphorus loads to the Pamlico River estuary and Neuse River estuary, the two principal estuaries draining to Pamlico Sound, in a 36-d period during the flooding were between 50-90% of the long term average annual loads. Pesticide concentrations in flood waters were surprisingly high, given the amount of dilution produced by the floodwaters.

  10. Estimating flood hydrographs for urban basins in North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Mason, R.R., Jr.; Bales, J.D.

    1996-01-01

    A dimensionless hydrograph for North Carolina was developed from data collected in 29 urban and urbanizing basins in the State. The dimen- sionless hydrograph can be used with an estimate of peak flow and basin lagtime to synthesize a design flood hydrograph for urban basins in North Carolina. Peak flows can be estimated from a number of avail- able techniques; a procedure for estimating basin lagtime from main channel length, stream slope, and percentage of impervious area was developed from data collected at 50 sites and is presented in this report. The North Carolina dimensionless hydrograph provides satis- factory predictions of flood hydrographs in all regions of the State except for basins in or near Asheville where the method overestimated 11 of 12 measured hydrographs. A previously developed dimensionless hydrograph for urban basins in the Piedmont and upper Coastal Plain of South Carolina provides better flood-hydrograph predictions for the Asheville basins and has a standard error of 21 percent as compared to 41 percent for the North Carolina dimensionless hydrograph.

  11. 76 FR 77021 - In the Matter of Carolina Power & Light Company, North Carolina Eastern Municipal Power Agency...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-09

    ... Hearing,'' was published in the Federal Register on August 30, 2011 (76 FR 53967). No comments or hearing... Carolina Power & Light Company (CP&L, the licensee) and North Carolina Eastern Municipal Power Agency are... Carolina. The facility operating license authorizes CP&L to possess, use, and operate the Harris...

  12. 75 FR 2580 - Carolina Coastal Railway, Inc.-Acquisition and Operation Exemption-North Carolina State Ports...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board Carolina Coastal Railway, Inc.--Acquisition and Operation Exemption--North Carolina State Ports Authority Carolina Coastal Railway, Inc. (CLNA), a Class III rail carrier, has filed a verified notice of exemption \\1\\...

  13. 78 FR 28775 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; North Carolina; State Implementation Plan...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-16

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; North Carolina; State Implementation Plan Miscellaneous Revisions AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule... Plan submitted on February 3, 2010, through the North Carolina Department of Environment and...

  14. 75 FR 15704 - Old Dominion Electric Cooperative; North Carolina Electric Membership Corporation, Complainants v...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-30

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Old Dominion Electric Cooperative; North Carolina Electric Membership Corporation, Complainants v. Virginia Electric and Power Company, Respondent; Notice of Complaint March 23...), Old Dominion Electric Cooperative and North Carolina Electric Membership Corporation...

  15. 76 FR 78335 - North Carolina & Virginia Railroad Company, LLC, Chesapeake & Albemarle Railroad Division-Lease...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-16

    ... Surface Transportation Board North Carolina & Virginia Railroad Company, LLC, Chesapeake & Albemarle Railroad Division--Lease Amendment Exemption--Norfolk Southern Railway Company North Carolina & Virginia Railroad, LLC, Chesapeake & Albemarle Railroad Division (NCVR), a Class III carrier, has filed a...

  16. Durham, North Carolina, Students Study Martian Volcanism

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2008-01-01

    This image of the wall of a graben a depressed block of land between two parellel faults in Tyrrhena Terra, in Mars' ancient southern highlands, was taken by the Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars (CRISM) at 0914 UTC (4:14 a.m. EST) on February 6, 2008, near 17.3 degrees south latitude, 95.5 degrees east longitude. CRISM's image was taken in 544 colors covering 0.36-3.92 micrometers, and shows features as small as 35 meters (115 feet) across. The region covered is just over 10 kilometers (6.2 miles) wide at its narrowest point.

    This image was part of an investigation planned by students in four high schools in Durham, North Carolina. The students are working with the CRISM science team in a project called the Mars Exploration Student Data Teams (MESDT), which is part of NASA's Mars Public Engagement Program and Arizona State University's Mars Education Program. Starting with a medium-resolution map of the area, taken as part of CRISM's 'multispectral survey' campaign to map Mars in 72 colors at 200 meters (660 feet) per pixel, the students identified a key rock outcrop to test their hypothesis that the irregular depression was formed by Martian volcanism. They provided the coordinates of the target to CRISM's operations team, who took a high-resolution image of the site. The Context Imager (CTX) accompanied CRISM with a 6 meter (20 feet) per pixel, high-resolution image to sharpen the relationship of spectral variations to the underlying surface structures. The Durham students worked with a mentor on the CRISM team to analyze the data, and presented their results at the 39th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, held in League City, Texas, on March 10-14, 2008.

    The upper panel of the image shows the location of the CRISM data and the surrounding, larger CTX image, overlain on an image mosaic taken by the Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) on Mars Odyssey. The mosaic has been color-coded for elevation using data from the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA) instrument on the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) spacecraft. Redder colors indicate higher elevations. The bottom left image shows infrared brightness of the surface measured by CRISM at 2.5, 1.5, and 1.1 micrometers. In the lower right image, the data have been transformed into a map of spectral features indicating the presence of different minerals. Redder areas have a stronger signature of the iron-containing mineral olivine, and green and blue areas show the signature of the mineral pyroxene.

    These data sets, acquired over the last ten years, allow increasingly detailed and higher-resolution view of Mars' surface that provide scientists with a variety of measurements to understand Mars' past evolution. The same data provide teenage amateur geologists a fascinating and exciting 'field site' at which to exercise the principles of earth science in a real-life, hands-on science investigation.

    CRISM is one of six science instruments on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. Led by The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, Md., the CRISM team includes expertise from universities, government agencies and small businesses in the United States and abroad. NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter and the Mars Science Laboratory for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington. Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Denver, built the orbiter.

  17. Understanding the North Carolina End-of-Course Tests. Assessment Brief. Volume 9, Number 4

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2004

    2004-01-01

    The North Carolina End of Course (EOC) tests were initiated in response to legislation passed by the North Carolina General Assembly--the North Carolina Elementary and Secondary Reform Act of 1984. This act mandates the implementation of the Basic Education Program through the establishment of a core curriculum for all students for each content…

  18. Segregation Again: North Carolina's Transition from Leading Desegregation Then to Accepting Segregation Now

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ayscue, Jennifer B.; Woodward, Brian

    2014-01-01

    North Carolina has a storied history of school integration efforts spanning several decades. In response to the "Brown" decision, North Carolina's strategy of delayed integration was more subtle than the overt defiance of other Southern states. Numerous North Carolina school districts were early leaders in employing strategies to…

  19. A Narrative History of the North Carolina Association of Community College Trustees.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiggs, Jon L.; Wiggs, Caroline M.

    The North Carolina Association of Community College Trustees (NCACCT) is a private nonprofit corporation founded to assist in furthering the aims, goals and development of North Carolina's community colleges. The Associations' stated purpose is to "improve and expand the opportunities and resources available to the people of North Carolina for…

  20. Making Teacher Incentives Work: Lessons from North Carolina's Teacher Bonus Program. Education Outlook. No. 5

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahn, Thomas; Vigdor, Jacob L.

    2011-01-01

    North Carolina has operated one of the country's largest pay-for-performance teacher-bonus programs since the late 1990s. New research shows that a North Carolina-style incentive-pay program has the potential to improve student learning by encouraging teachers to exert more effort on the job. The North Carolina model avoids three pitfalls…

  1. Making Teacher Incentives Work: Lessons from North Carolina's Teacher Bonus Program. Education Outlook. No. 5

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahn, Thomas; Vigdor, Jacob L.

    2011-01-01

    North Carolina has operated one of the country's largest pay-for-performance teacher-bonus programs since the late 1990s. New research shows that a North Carolina-style incentive-pay program has the potential to improve student learning by encouraging teachers to exert more effort on the job. The North Carolina model avoids three pitfalls…

  2. An Analysis of Diversity Inclusion in North Carolina Secondary Agricultural Education Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warren, Chastity K.; Alston, Antoine J.

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to gauge the perceptions of North Carolina secondary agricultural educators regarding the benefits and barriers to diversity inclusion in North Carolina secondary agricultural education programs. Additionally, the perceived solutions to increasing diversity inclusion in North Carolina secondary agricultural education…

  3. 75 FR 51949 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; North Carolina and South Carolina...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-24

    ... SIPs. 74 FR 21550. On November 12, 2009, and April 5, 2010, North Carolina submitted all components of... Determination for the Purpose of Stopping Sanctions Clock AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of Letter to Governor Regarding Completeness and Stopping of Sanctions Clock. SUMMARY: EPA is...

  4. Municipal Broadband in Wilson, North Carolina: A Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Boyle, Timothy

    2012-01-01

    Relatively little empirical attention has been paid to the political economy of publicly-retailed fiber-optic broadband internet service. To address this gap in the literature, this dissertation examines the history, dynamics and trends in the municipal broadband movement. In specific, Wilson, North Carolina's Greenlight service is examined…

  5. Retaining Physical Therapists in North Carolina Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ray, Laurie

    2011-01-01

    The intent of this research was to describe school-based physical therapists in North Carolina (NC) and examine relationships between personality traits of this group, their job satisfaction and their perception of factors that influence decisions to remain at or leave their jobs. School-based physical therapists across NC (n=97) anonymously…

  6. A Cross Generational Dialect Study in Western North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holt, Yolanda Feimster

    2011-01-01

    This dissertation evaluates the relationship between African American English and White Vernacular English as spoken in a small rural town in western North Carolina for consistencies in vowel production by group membership and for participation in the Southern Vowel Shift (SVS), a vowel rotation currently occurring in the Southern United States. A…

  7. Dillard Drive Middle & Elementary School, Raleigh, North Carolina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Design Cost Data, 2001

    2001-01-01

    Presents design features of the Dillard Drive Middle & Elementary School (North Carolina) that incorporates daylighting in the majority of the classrooms, the gymnasium, dining room, and media center. The design also uses advanced lighting controls, fiber optic networking, automatic environmental controls, and an energy management system that…

  8. Creating Safe Environments for Learning in North Carolina's Public Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suarez, Tanya M.

    Recent headlines in the North Carolina and national media illustrate that many schools are unsafe places for children and school staff. Problems associated with student misconduct and student crime can be found in schools and appear to be increasing. This publication identifies strategies for creating safe environments for learning in North…

  9. State Norms for the North Carolina Testing Program. 1998 Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Accountability/Testing.

    This publication provides a reference for educators and others interested in conducting comparative studies relative to North Carolina tests. It includes norms, tables, and other statistical information for all state-developed tests (state-mandated and local-option tests for which baseline data are available) that were administered during the…

  10. A Cross Generational Dialect Study in Western North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holt, Yolanda Feimster

    2011-01-01

    This dissertation evaluates the relationship between African American English and White Vernacular English as spoken in a small rural town in western North Carolina for consistencies in vowel production by group membership and for participation in the Southern Vowel Shift (SVS), a vowel rotation currently occurring in the Southern United States. A…

  11. North Carolina Today: Contrasting Conditions and Common Concerns.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calhoun, Craig

    This report provides a statistical profile for thinking about education and development decisions in North Carolina. It profiles the state primarily in terms of population patterns, economy, labor force, education, and environment; secondarily in terms of health and social services, infrastructure and aspects of government performance. State and…

  12. Understanding and addressing health disparities in North Carolina.

    PubMed

    Bell, Ronny A

    2012-01-01

    Health disparities--differences in the provision and outcomes of health care in 2 distinct populations--are pervasive and long-standing in North Carolina. Although some strategies for closing these gaps have been effective, many disparities have resisted attempts to eliminate them. Future efforts should focus on policy implementation and the translation of research findings into effective interventions. PMID:23189433

  13. The Public Library: A Guidebook for North Carolina Library Trustees.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phay, Robert E.

    The guidebook presents historical, legal, and practical information on the role of the board of trustees in North Carolina public libraries. Six sections detail the following: (1) matters relating to the powers and duties of trustees and to the internal operations of the board; (2) the relationship between the board and the chief librarian as it…

  14. Homophobic Language and Verbal Harassment in North Carolina High Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phoenix, Terri; Hall, Will; Weiss, Melissa; Kemp, Jana; Wells, Robert; Chan, Andrew

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of homophobic language and verbal harassment in North Carolina high schools, the intervention rates of school personnel, and the effectiveness of school non-harassment policies. Data was collected from six high schools in central NC that had active Gay Straight Alliances. Gay Straight…

  15. STUDIES IN AIR QUALITY METEOROLOGY AT NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY

    EPA Science Inventory

    This report is comprised of summaries of eight investigations into diverse areas of air quality meteorology resulting from a cooperative research effort by graduate students and faculty of the atmospheric sciences program of North Carolina State University and the staff and facil...

  16. National Environmental/Energy Workforce Assessment for North Carolina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Field Research Center Inc., Iowa City, IA.

    This report presents existing workforce levels, training programs and career potentials and develops staffing level projections (1976-1982) based on available information for the State of North Carolina. The study concerns itself with the environmental pollution control areas of air, noise, potable water, pesticides, radiation, solid waste,…

  17. North Carolina District Moves Away from Promoting Diversity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aarons, Dakarai I.

    2010-01-01

    More than a half-century after the U.S. Supreme Court ordered schools desegregated, districts are still grappling with how best to create the kind of demographically diverse public schools that many experts believe improve outcomes for disadvantaged students. This article reports on the recent decision by a North Carolina district to move from a…

  18. North Carolina Marine Education Manual, Unit Two: Seawater.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mauldin, Lundie; Frankenberg, Dirk

    Although North Carolina's coastal water is chemically and physically similar to other bodies of sea water, the specific manner in which tides and waves act upon the coastline is unique. Accordingly, the 30 activities presented in this manual are intended to help junior high school students understand how physical forces modify coastal areas. While…

  19. North Carolina Farm and Rural Life Study. 1988 Summary Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lilley, Stephen; And Others

    This survey of North Carolina farmers focuses on the impact of important social changes and their interplay with ongoing changes in agriculture. It provides information for policymakers and education researchers to prepare for possible changes in the rural education system. State farmers were interviewed in 1987 and again in 1988. Of 883 people…

  20. Municipal Broadband in Wilson, North Carolina: A Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Boyle, Timothy

    2012-01-01

    Relatively little empirical attention has been paid to the political economy of publicly-retailed fiber-optic broadband internet service. To address this gap in the literature, this dissertation examines the history, dynamics and trends in the municipal broadband movement. In specific, Wilson, North Carolina's Greenlight service is examined…

  1. Retaining Physical Therapists in North Carolina Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ray, Laurie

    2011-01-01

    The intent of this research was to describe school-based physical therapists in North Carolina (NC) and examine relationships between personality traits of this group, their job satisfaction and their perception of factors that influence decisions to remain at or leave their jobs. School-based physical therapists across NC (n=97) anonymously…

  2. Migrant Farmworker Housing Regulation Violations in North Carolina

    PubMed Central

    Arcury, Thomas A.; Weir, Maria; Chen, Haiying; Summers, Phillip; Pelletier, Lori E.; Galván, Leonardo; Bischoff, Werner E.; Mirabelli, Maria C.; Quandt, Sara A.

    2013-01-01

    Background The quality of housing provided to migrant farmworkers is often criticized, but few studies have investigated these housing conditions. This analysis examines housing regulation violations experienced by migrant farmworkers in North Carolina, and the associations of camp characteristics with the presence of housing violations. Methods Data were collected in183 eastern North Carolina migrant farmworker camps in 2010. Housing regulation violations for the domains of camp, sleeping room, bathroom, kitchen, laundry room, and general housing, as well as total violations were assessed using North Carolina Department of Labor standards. Results Violations of housing regulations were common, ranging from 4 to 22 per camp. Housing regulation violations were common in all domains; the mean number of camp violations was 1.6, of sleeping room violations was 3.8, of bathroom violations was 4.5, of kitchen violations was 2.3, of laundry room violations was 1.2, and of general housing violations was 3.1. The mean number of total housing violations was 11.4. Several camp characteristics were consistently associated with the number of violations; camps with workers having H-2A visas, with North Carolina Department of Labor Certificates of Inspection posted, and assessed early in the season had fewer violations. Conclusions These results argue for regulatory changes to improve the quality of housing provided to migrant farmworkers, including stronger regulations and the more vigorous enforcement of existing regulations. PMID:22237961

  3. North Carolina Community Colleges Provide for Latino Student Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winecoff, Bonnie Watts

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe implemented and planned Latino student success activities in North Carolina community colleges and to examine variations in these activities based on the degree of Latino settlement in the college service area. This study was designed to answer the following research questions: (1) What Latino student…

  4. Profile of State High School Exit Exam Policies. North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center on Education Policy, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This individual profile provides information on North Carolina's high school exit exam standards and policies. Some of the categories presented include: (1) State exit exam policy; (2) Type of Test; (3) Purpose; (4) Major changes in exit exam policy since the 2009-10 school year for financial reasons; (5) Subjects tested on exam; (6) Grade exam…

  5. 78 FR 42148 - North Carolina Disaster #NC-00052

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-15

    ...This is a notice of an Administrative declaration of a disaster for the State of North Carolina dated 07/09/2013. Incident: Severe weather, extreme wind and rain. Incident Period: 06/13/2013. Effective Date: 07/09/2013. Physical Loan Application Deadline Date: 09/09/2013. Economic Injury (EIDL) Loan Application Deadline Date:...

  6. Computer Competencies for All Educators in North Carolina Public Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh.

    To assist school systems in establishing computer competencies for inservice teacher training and personnel hiring guidelines, the North Carolina State Board of Education in 1985 approved the recommendations of a state task force, and identified three levels of computer competencies for teachers (K-12), i.e., competencies needed by all educators,…

  7. Health burden from peat wildfire in North Carolina

    EPA Science Inventory

    In June 2008, a wildfire smoldering through rich peat deposits in the Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge produced massive amounts of smoke and exposed a largely rural North Carolina area to air pollution in access of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards. In this talk, w...

  8. North Carolina Marine Education Manual, Unit Three: Coastal Ecology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mauldin, Lundie; Frankenberg, Dirk

    Two dozen activities on the ecology of coastal areas, with special emphasis on North Carolina's coastline, comprise this manual for junior high school science teachers. Provided are a table correlating these lessons with state curriculum guidelines, and a summary of the unit's goals and behavioral objectives. Among the topics included are coastal…

  9. Staff Leadership in the North Carolina Agricultural Extension Service.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shearon, Ronald Wilson

    The purpose of this North Carolina study was to examine selected leadership correlates of variation in Cooperative Extension Chairmen's (CEC) conformity to an administrative professional leadership (APL) concept of their role. Two research instruments were developed--Survey I, used for collecting data from agents (419) and Survey II, for data from…

  10. Employer Follow-Up Study: North Carolina Community College System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allred, Marcus D.; Wingfield, Julian C., Jr.

    A follow-up study was conducted by the North Carolina Department of Community Colleges in summer 1981 to obtain employer evaluations of the performance of occupational curriculum students who were enrolled in college in the 1979-80 school year, but did not return in 1980-81. Drawing from employment information obtained during the first statewide…

  11. Dillard Drive Middle & Elementary School, Raleigh, North Carolina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Design Cost Data, 2001

    2001-01-01

    Presents design features of the Dillard Drive Middle & Elementary School (North Carolina) that incorporates daylighting in the majority of the classrooms, the gymnasium, dining room, and media center. The design also uses advanced lighting controls, fiber optic networking, automatic environmental controls, and an energy management system that…

  12. BIOGENIC SULFUR COMPOUNDS IN COASTAL ATMOSPHERES OF NORTH CAROLINA

    EPA Science Inventory

    Atmospheric H2S, SO2, and particulate SO4(-2), Na(+), C1(-), NH4(-), and NO3(-) were measured in two experiments on the North Carolina coast to determine the levels of biogenic sulfur species at marsh and estuarine locations where dissimilatory bacterial sulfate reduction produce...

  13. How Green Is Camping? Environmental Stewardship in North Carolina Camps.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warren, Roger; Bingham, Cindy

    1994-01-01

    A survey of 47 residential camps in North Carolina revealed that most camps had written environmental objectives, practiced recycling, attempted to reduce water use and energy consumption, practiced low-impact camping, included environmental issues in staff training, and provided environmental education to campers. Includes survey questions. (LP)

  14. An Assessment of Career Education Needs in North Carolina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rau, Dorothea N.; And Others

    An assessment of the career education needs of exceptional and special needs students was completed by 57 directors of special education and 1,826 teachers in North Carolina, representing 57 of the 140 local education agencies in the state. The survey measured actual and needed career education emphasis within social adjustment training (SAT) and…

  15. 76 FR 26603 - Reorganization of Sector North Carolina; Technical Amendment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-09

    ... the Port DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register MSU Marine Safety Unit NPRM Notice of... realignment (72 FR 36316, July 2, 2007). At that time, Sector North Carolina's office was located in Fort..., between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. You may also find this...

  16. School Consolidation Survey: Iredell County: Mooresville, Statesville, North Carolina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engelhardt and Engelhardt, Inc., Purdy Station, NY.

    This document explores the feasibility of consolidating three North Carolina school districts into a single administrative unit. Factors analyzed include future population and enrollment growth, existing buildings and school building needs, program offerings, staff qualifications, administrative organization, and financial considerations of…

  17. Instructor's Field Manual: North Carolina Outward Bound School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Outward Bound, Morganton, NC.

    A supplement to the North Carolina Outward Bound School's Instructor's Handbook, this field manual presents useful, but not required, information gleaned from old timers and resource books which may enable the instructor to conduct a better course. Section one considers advantages and disadvantages and provides directions and topographical maps…

  18. North Carolina Transition Services Cooperative Personnel Preparation Program. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Test, David W.

    This final report describes achievements and activities of a 3-year federally supported project by the University of North Carolina at Charlotte to develop and deliver semester-long courses for professionals charged with providing transition services to students with disabilities. The project developed four courses and delivered them using…

  19. 161. North Carolina Route 80 grade separation structure. The structure ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    161. North Carolina Route 80 grade separation structure. The structure at Buck Creek Gap, built in 1942, has a clear span of 139. Both the roadway running atop and under the structure have a curving alignment. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

  20. Exploring North and South Carolina for Neglected Landraces of Collard

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The coastal plain region of North and South Carolina is the United States center of genetic diversity for the non-heading, leafy green type of Brassica oleracea L. known as collard (B. oleracea Acephala Group). Predominantly a fall and winter crop in this region, collard is often the only green pla...

  1. Water and stress dynamics for North Carolina v. vinifera

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    As North Carolina wine grape (V. vinifera) production intensifies, the importance of water management must be addressed. Grape yield and composition, and consequently wine quality, are greatly influenced by the water regime under which the grapes were produced. Despite the importance of water manage...

  2. North Carolina Community College System Information Resources and Technology Plan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Community Coll. System, Raleigh.

    The North Carolina Community College System engaged in a strategic planning process in 1998 that was the basis for the information resources and technology plans for the entire System. A focus of the planning was technology, and a technology environmental scanning team developed a set of planning assumptions, which led to the creation of 15 goals…

  3. Continuing Education Resource Manual, North Carolina Community College System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Community Coll. System, Raleigh.

    The North Carolina Department of Community Colleges (NCDCC) prepared this reference manual as a resource guide for planning and implementing continuing education (CE) courses. The manual includes essential information on courses, rules, resources, and procedures that are appropriate to course implementation and operation of a continuing education…

  4. North Carolina Community Colleges Provide for Latino Student Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winecoff, Bonnie Watts

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe implemented and planned Latino student success activities in North Carolina community colleges and to examine variations in these activities based on the degree of Latino settlement in the college service area. This study was designed to answer the following research questions: (1) What Latino student…

  5. Preventing Childhood Obesity: Policy and Practice Strategies for North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Owen, Jenni, Ed.; Rosch, Joel, Ed.; Smith, Shannon, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    North Carolina Family Impact Seminars (NCFIS) include annual seminars, briefing reports and follow-up activities designed specifically for state policymakers, including legislators and legislative staff, the governor and executive branch staff, and state agency representatives. The Center for Child and Family Policy at Duke University convenes the…

  6. North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University Drug Education Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Welborne, Sullivan; And Others

    This drug education policy statement for North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University establishes two educational objectives: to develop an educational program that increases the university community's knowledge and competency regarding controlled substances and to increase the skills required to take corrective action for potential…

  7. Lobomycosis in Offshore Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus), North Carolina

    PubMed Central

    Burdett, Leslie G.; McLellan, William; Schwacke, Lori; Rowles, Teri; Terio, Karen A.; Schultz, Stacy; Pabst, Ann

    2009-01-01

    Lacazia loboi, a cutaneous fungus, is found in humans and dolphins from transitional tropical (Florida) and tropical (South America) regions. We report 2 cases of lobomycosis in stranded bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) and 1 case of lobomycosis-like disease in 1 free-swimming, pelagic, offshore bottlenose dolphin from North Carolina, where no cases have previously been observed. PMID:19331739

  8. North Carolina's Smart Start Initiative: 1998 Annual Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill. Frank Porter Graham Center.

    Smart Start is a multi-disciplinary, comprehensive, community-based initiative to serve North Carolina children under age 6 and their families to ensure that all children enter school healthy and prepared to succeed. To achieve this, local county partnerships have focused both their attention and their funds on implementing child care programs,…

  9. North Carolina Tales Fly with Fourth Grade Tellers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Westman, Gretchen Daub

    2008-01-01

    In fourth grade, North Carolina students are required to write their own personal narratives. The teachers felt that telling a story would be a great stepping stone toward writing one. Rather than focusing on grammar and the mechanics of writing, students could focus on story development and creativity. In this article, the author describes how…

  10. Central Cabarrus High School, North Carolina. PLATO Evaluation Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hannafin, Bob

    Central Cabarrus High School (CCHS), near Charlotte, North Carolina, uses the PLATO computer assisted instruction system primarily to support remediation programs that are intended to help low performing students meet graduation requirements. CCHS used PLATO to: (1) provide an option for students to earn credit for failed courses or their…

  11. The Instructor's Handbook: North Carolina Outward Bound School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Outward Bound, Morganton, NC.

    To assist North Carolina Outward Bound School instructors in their responsibilities of ensuring that each student is able to achieve safely the objectives of developing self-confidence, concern for others, and self-awareness when confronted by 21 to 28 days of challenging, shared experience involving service and adventure, this revised fourth…

  12. Bicycles in Traffic. A North Carolina Driver Education Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    East Carolina Univ., Greenville, NC.

    This unit is designed to provide driver educators with information for teaching automobile drivers about the traffic-mix problem between bicycles and motor vehicles on roadways. The purpose of the unit is to improve the safety of bicyclists on North Carolina highways and help to decrease the number of bicycle deaths and injuries caused by traffic…

  13. Perceptions of Leadership Behaviors by Female Principals in North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McFadden, Cheryl; Maahs-Fladung, Cathy; Beck-Frazier, Susan; Bruckner, Kermit

    2009-01-01

    This study was designed to investigate whether significant differences exist among the perceptions of leadership behaviors of female principals in North Carolina using Bolman and Deal's (1984) four frames (structural, human resource, political, and symbolic) for analysis. Participants consisted of 1,245 female principals from elementary,middle,…

  14. DIGITAL ELEVATION MODEL (DEM) FILES (30 M) FOR NORTH CAROLINA

    EPA Science Inventory

    Digital Elevation Model files, 30-m resolution, for North Carolina from US Geological Survey Web site: http://edcwww.cr.usgs.gov/doc/edchome/ndcdb/7_min_dem/states/NC.html
    Files listed for NC but centered in TN, GA, and VA are not included. All file archives were downloaded an...

  15. Branching Out: The North Carolina Forest Stewardship Activity Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chesson, Gail

    Stewardship is the responsibility of individuals to maintain and improve their natural resources and surroundings. The Forest Stewardship Program (FSP) in North Carolina aims at enhancing the management of all forest resources on private lands. This activity guide is designed to help youth appreciate and understand forests and natural…

  16. North Carolina's Higher Education System: Success or Failure?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gillen, Andrew; Vedder, Richard

    2008-01-01

    North Carolina has long prided itself on what many perceive to be one of the finest systems of higher education in the country. Aside from having a number of nationally recognized private schools of distinction (e.g., Duke, Wake Forest, Davidson), the state has invested aggressively with public funds. State government appropriations for higher…

  17. Mixing Waters and Moving Ships off the North Carolina Coast

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    The estuarine and marine environments of the United States' eastern seaboard provide the setting for a variety of natural and human activities associated with the flow of water. This set of Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer images from October 11, 2000 (Terra orbit 4344) captures the intricate system of barrier islands, wetlands, and estuaries comprising the coastal environments of North Carolina and southern Virginia. On the right-hand side of the images, a thin line of land provides a tenuous separation between the Albemarle and Pamlico Sounds and the Atlantic Ocean. The wetland communities of this area are vital to productive fisheries and water quality.

    The top image covers an area of about 350 kilometers x 260 kilometers and is a true-color view from MISR's 46-degree backward-looking camera. Looking away from the Sun suppresses glint from the reflective water surface and enables mapping the color of suspended sediments and plant life near the coast. Out in the open sea, the dark blue waters indicate the Gulf Stream. As it flows toward the northeast, this ocean current presses close to Cape Hatteras (the pointed cape in the lower portion of the images), and brings warm, nutrient-poor waters northward from equatorial latitudes. North Carolina's Outer Banks are often subjected to powerful currents and storms which cause erosion along the east-facing shorelines. In an effort to save the historic Cape Hatteras lighthouse from the encroaching sea, it was jacked out of the ground and moved about 350 meters in 1999.

    The bottom image was created with red band data from the 46-degree backward, 70-degree forward, and 26-degree forward cameras displayed as red, green, and blue, respectively. The color variations in this multi-angle composite indicate different angular (rather than spectral) signatures. Here, the increased reflection of land vegetation at the angle viewing away from the Sun causes a reddish tint. Water, on the other hand, appears predominantly in shades of blue and green due to the bright sunglint captured by the forward-viewing cameras. Contrasting angular signatures, most likely associated with variations in the orientation and slope of wind-driven surface waves, are apparent in the sunglint patterns.

    Details of human activities are visible in these images. Near the top center, the Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel complex, which links Norfolk with Virginia's eastern shore, can be seen. The locations of two tunnels which route automobiles below the water appear as gaps in the visible roadway. In the top image, the small white specks in the open waters of the Atlantic Ocean are ship wakes. The movements of the ships have been visualized by displaying the views from MISR's four backward-viewing cameras in an animated sequence (below). These cameras successively observe the same surface locations over a time interval of about 160 seconds. The large version of the animation covers an area of 135 kilometers x 130 kilometers. The land area on the left-hand side includes the birthplace of aviation, Kitty Hawk, where the Wright Brothers made their first sustained, powered flight in 1903.

    [figure removed for brevity, see original site]

    MISR was built and is managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, for NASA's Office of Earth Science, Washington, DC. The Terra satellite is managed by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. JPL is a division of the California Institute of Technology.

  18. 257. North Carolina Route 181 grade separation structure is a ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    257. North Carolina Route 181 grade separation structure is a single-span, reinforced concrete, elliptical spandrel arch structure built in 1959, it is on a slight skew as it passes over the parkway accounting for its wide span of 80. It is one of the few structures to pass over the parkway. This view is to the north. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

  19. 142. North Carolina route 181 grade separation structure. This single ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    142. North Carolina route 181 grade separation structure. This single span, reinforced concrete, elliptical, spandrel arch structure, built in 1959, is on a slight skew as it passes over the parkway accounting for its wide span of 80. It is one of the few structures to pass over the parkway. This view of the elevation is to the north. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

  20. 76 FR 77024 - In the Matter of Carolina Power & Light Company North Carolina Eastern, Municipal Power Agency...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-09

    ... Register on August 30, 2011 (76 FR 53970). No comments or hearing requests were received. Pursuant to 10... Company (CP&L, the licensee) and North Carolina Eastern Municipal Power Agency are the owners of Brunswick... and an ISFSI located in Brunswick County, North Carolina. The facility operating licenses authorize...

  1. ELLICOTT ROCK WILDERNESS AND ADDITIONS, SOUTH CAROLINA, NORTH CAROLINA, AND GEORGIA.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Bell, Henry, III; Gazdik, Gertrude C.

    1984-01-01

    A mineral survey was made of the Ellicott Rock Wilderness and additions located in the common corner of South Carolina, North Carolina, and Georgia. Surveys along the rivers, streams, and ridges indicated that there is little promise for the occurrence of metallic mineral or energy resources. Deeply buried sedimentary rocks have an unknown potential for hydrocarbons, probably gas. Until some deep drilling is done to test these deep sedimentary rocks no reasonable estimate of gas potential can be made, but it cannot be totally discounted.

  2. Monitoring Rehabilitation in Temperate North American Estuaries

    SciTech Connect

    Rice, Casimir A.; Hood, W Gregory; Tear, Lucinda M.; Simenstad, Charles; Williams, Gregory D.; Johnson, L. L.; Feist, B. E.; Roni, P.

    2005-02-01

    In this chapter, we propose that monitoring rehabilitation in estuarine ecosystems by necessity requires quantifying relationships between dynamic estuarine processes and sensitive indicators of ecosystem function. While we do discuss temperate systems in general, emphasis is placed on anadromous salmon habitats in the Pacific Northwest because anadromous fishes are such a major focus of rehabilitation efforts, and present some of the greater challenges in linking function of one segment of their life history to conditions in a specific habitat. We begin with a basic overview of the ecological and socioeconomic significance of, as well as anthropogenic effects on, estuaries. Next, we briefly summarize the various kinds of estuarine rehabilitation historically practiced in temperate regions, and review estuarine rehabilitation monitoring design and methods, highlighting the unique challenges involved in monitoring estuarine systems. We then close with a summary and conclusions.

  3. The decline of mink in Georgia, North Carolina, and South Carolina: the role of contaminants.

    PubMed

    Osowski, S L; Brewer, L W; Baker, O E; Cobb, G P

    1995-10-01

    Since the 1960s, mink (Mustela vision) populations in Georgia, North Carolina, and South Carolina have declined, especially in the coastal plain. A prior study suggested that the decline may stem from environmental contaminants. Based on water quality data from each state, we identified 17 substances potentially related to the decline: aldrin, dieldrin, endrin, DDD, DDE, DDT, PCBs, chlordane, alpha-BHC, toxaphene, dibenzofuran, copper, chromium, cadmium, lead, arsenic, and mercury. Mink livers were analyzed for PCB and organochlorine pesticides, and kidneys and femurs were analyzed for metals. Reference sample concentrations from piedmont, mountain, and foothill locations were compared to state coastal plain totals and counties. PCBs for Georgia, dieldrin for South Carolina, and endrin and aldrin for North Carolina were significantly higher than the piedmont reference group. Liver PCB concentrations were higher than those known to cause mink reproductive dysfunction. Mercury concentrations were significantly higher in coastal plain mink from all three states and were in the range of those known to cause impacts to reproduction, growth, and behavior to wild mink. It is unknown what concentrations of cyclodienes cause reduced reproduction or other physiological effects in mink, but the levels reported here probably indicate background concentrations that do not contribute to the decline. PMID:7487161

  4. Cirsium nuttallii (Asteraceae: Cynareae) new to North Carolina and an illustrated key to southeastern congeners

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Krings, A.; Westbrooks, R.; Lloyd, J.

    2002-01-01

    Cirsium nuttallii (Asteraceae) is documented for North Carolina. The species had previously been known from Florida to South Carolina and from disjunct populations in Virginia. An illustrated key is provided to aid others in the diagnosis of Cirsium in North Carolina and the southeast.

  5. Long-term variation of fiddler crab populations in North Carolina salt marshes

    SciTech Connect

    Cammen, L.M.; Seneca, E.D.; Stroud, L.M.

    1984-06-01

    As part of the environmental monitoring of possible effects of the Brunswick nuclear power plant fiddle crab populations were sampled in several salt marshes in the lower Cape Fear River estuary, North Carolina for five years. Total biomass of the fiddler crabs Uca Pugnax and U. minax in four Spartina marshes declined by 65 to 70% between the summers of 1974-1975 and 1976-1977 with no significant decrease in population density; there was evidence of a recovery in summer of 1978 to the 1974-1975 levels. The cause of these fluctuations is unknown, but such a degree of variability in intertidal populations emphasizes the need for caution in using one or two-year baseline studies to evalute potential environmental impacts. 1 figure, 2 table.

  6. Carolinas Coastal Change Processes Project data report for nearshore observations at Cape Hatteras, North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Armstrong, Brandy N.; Warner, John C.; Voulgaris, George; List, Jeffrey H.; Thieler, Robert; Martini, Marinna A.; Montgomery, Ellyn T.; McNinch, Jesse E.; Book, Jeffrey W.; Haas, Kevin

    2013-01-01

    An oceanographic field study conducted in February 2010 investigated processes that control nearshore flow and sediment transport dynamics at Cape Hatteras, North Carolina. This report describes the project background, field program, instrumentation setup, and locations of the sensor deployments. The data collected, and supporting meteorological and streamflow observations, are presented as time-series plots for data visualization. Additionally, the data are available as part of this report.

  7. Small-scale hydroelectric power in Watauga County, North Carolina

    SciTech Connect

    Ayers, H G

    1983-02-22

    We have completed both the installation of the demonstration project and the assessment of the stream flows in Watauga County, North Carolina. The 17 kW, high head (178'), project on Laurel Creek in Watauga County has produced about 60,000 kWh over its first nine months of operation despite some electrical and other problems. It is currently producing 16 to 17 kW on a steady basis and is functioning as a popular site for visits by people who plan to install their own similar plants in areas throughout the Southeast. The stream assessment proved to be less satisfactory than the subsequently developed method for predicting long term stream flows. The latter method has been applied to all western North Carolina and this report presents its general conclusions.

  8. Evaluation of progress in achieving TMDL mandated nitrogen reductions in the Neuse River basin, North Carolina.

    TOXLINE Toxicology Bibliographic Information

    Lebo ME; Paerl HW; Peierls BL

    2012-01-01

    Management efforts to control excess algal growth in the Neuse River and Estuary, North Carolina began in the 1980s, with an initial focus on phosphorus (P) input reduction. However, continued water quality problems in the 1990s led to development of a Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) for nitrogen (N) in 1999 to improve conditions in N-sensitive estuarine waters. Evaluation of the effectiveness of management actions implemented in the Neuse River basin is a challenging endeavor due to natural variations in N export associated with climate. A simplified approach is presented that allows evaluation of trends in flow-normalized nutrient loading to provide feedback on effectiveness of implemented actions to reduce N loading to estuarine waters. The approach is applied to five watershed locations, including the headwaters of the Neuse Estuary. Decreases in nitrate + nitrite (NO(3)-N) concentrations occurred throughout the basin and were largest just downstream of the Raleigh metropolitan area. Conversely, concentrations of total Kjeldahl N (TKN) increased at many stations, particularly under high flow conditions. This indicates a relative increase in organic N (Org-N) inputs since the mid-1990s. Overall, patterns in different N fractions at watershed stations indicate both partial success in reducing N inputs and ongoing challenges for N loading under high flow conditions. In downstream waters, NO(3)-N concentrations decreased concurrent with TMDL implementation in the upper portion of the estuary but not in the middle and lower reaches. The lack of progress in the middle and lower reaches of the estuary may, at least in part, be affected by remineralization of settled particle-bound N deposited under high river flows.

  9. Evaluation of Progress in Achieving TMDL Mandated Nitrogen Reductions in the Neuse River Basin, North Carolina

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lebo, Martin E.; Paerl, Hans W.; Peierls, Benjamin L.

    2012-01-01

    Management efforts to control excess algal growth in the Neuse River and Estuary, North Carolina began in the 1980s, with an initial focus on phosphorus (P) input reduction. However, continued water quality problems in the 1990s led to development of a Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) for nitrogen (N) in 1999 to improve conditions in N-sensitive estuarine waters. Evaluation of the effectiveness of management actions implemented in the Neuse River basin is a challenging endeavor due to natural variations in N export associated with climate. A simplified approach is presented that allows evaluation of trends in flow-normalized nutrient loading to provide feedback on effectiveness of implemented actions to reduce N loading to estuarine waters. The approach is applied to five watershed locations, including the headwaters of the Neuse Estuary. Decreases in nitrate + nitrite (NO3-N) concentrations occurred throughout the basin and were largest just downstream of the Raleigh metropolitan area. Conversely, concentrations of total Kjeldahl N (TKN) increased at many stations, particularly under high flow conditions. This indicates a relative increase in organic N (Org-N) inputs since the mid-1990s. Overall, patterns in different N fractions at watershed stations indicate both partial success in reducing N inputs and ongoing challenges for N loading under high flow conditions. In downstream waters, NO3-N concentrations decreased concurrent with TMDL implementation in the upper portion of the estuary but not in the middle and lower reaches. The lack of progress in the middle and lower reaches of the estuary may, at least in part, be affected by remineralization of settled particle-bound N deposited under high river flows.

  10. Analysis of storm-water infiltration ponds on the North Carolina Outer Banks

    SciTech Connect

    Chescheir, G.M.; Fipps, G.; Skaggs, R.W.

    1990-09-01

    Increasing development along the North Carolina coast has been linked to the deterioration of water quality in adjacent sounds and estuaries. Degradation of water quality in sounds and estuaries threatens the coastal ecology which provides resources for the area's fishing and tourism industries. The state of N.C. adopted the current Stormwater Runoff Disposal Rules in 1988 requiring stormwater management plans for new development in 20 coastal counties. Stormwater infiltration pond systems are approved by the State as an option for retaining stormwater on the developed site; however, the long-term performance of these systems has not been measured or determined. The study was conducted to monitor the hydrology of stormwater infiltration ponds on the North Carolina barrier islands and to develop a model that continuously simulates the performance of these ponds. The hydrology of two operating infiltration ponds systems was evaluated in an 18-month field study. Rainfall, pond stage, and water table elevations at selected locations were monitored continuously. Water table elevations at additional locations were monitored on a biweekly basis. Soil hydraulic conductivities and soil water characteristic relationships were determined at both field sites. The subsurface geology was described at one site and an aquifer pump test was performed to determine aquifer transmissivity and specific yield. Both of the infiltration ponds in the field studies effectively served their primary purpose of retaining on site the stormwater runoff from the first 38 mm (1.5 in) of rainfall. In nearly every case, the pond seepage rate was sufficient to completely draw down the pond within 5 days. The hydrology of the infiltration ponds at the two research sites was very different.

  11. The Relationship of Fast ForWord Scientific Learning to North Carolina End of Grade Reading Scores at a Middle School in Anson County, North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benfield, Jamie Ledsinger

    2012-01-01

    Anson County School District wished to determine the relationship between Fast ForWord Scientific Learning data and North Carolina End of Grade reading scores at Anson Middle School in Anson County, North Carolina. The specific research questions that guided this study include: 1. How does the literacy intervention, Fast ForWord, affect EOG growth…

  12. North Carolina Linking Study: A Study of the Alignment of the NWEA RIT Scale with the North Carolina State End of Grade (EOG) Testing Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Northwest Evaluation Association, 2014

    2014-01-01

    Recently, the Northwest Evaluation Association (NWEA) completed a study to connect the scale of the North Carolina State End of Grade (EOG) Testing Program used for North Carolina's mathematics and reading assessments with NWEA's Rausch Interval Unit (RIT) scale. Information from the state assessments was used in a study to establish…

  13. LOST COVE AND HARPER CREEK ROADLESS AREAS, NORTH CAROLINA.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Griffitts, W.R.; Crandall, T.M.

    1984-01-01

    An investigation indicated that a part of the Lost Cove and Harper Creek Roadless Areas, North Carolina has a probable mineral-resource potential for uranium, niobium, and beryllium. The study areas lie within the Blue Ridge physiographic province and are predominantly underlain by Precambrian plutonic and metasedimentary rocks of low metamorphic grade. The uranium occurs in vein-type deposits and in supergene-enriched foliated rocks. The geologic setting precludes the presence of fossil fuel resources.

  14. Impact of Precipitation Organization on River Discharge Across North Carolina

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rickenbach, T. M.; Zarzar, C. M.; Nieto Ferreira, R.

    2014-12-01

    This study builds from an existing four-year NEXRAD radar-based precipitation climatology over the southeastern U.S. to examine the hydrological response of river systems in North Carolina to different modes of precipitation organization in a Geographic Information Systems (GIS) framework. The climatology uses a simple two-category framework of precipitation organization based on instantaneous precipitating feature size: mesoscale precipitation features (MPF) and isolated precipitation. Specifically, the following questions are addressed: First, what are the discharge response characteristics to seasonal changes in precipitation in different watersheds across North Carolina, from the mountains to the coastal plain? Second, how does precipitation organization, whether long-lasting mesoscale systems or short duration isolated convection, affect these watershed characteristics? This analysis defines five watersheds in North Carolina based on five North Carolina river basins using GIS watershed delineation techniques. It was found that lag time between maximum precipitation and maximum discharge increased from 1-2 days in the western mountainous watersheds to 7-8 days in the eastern coastal plain watersheds. The steeper and more impervious western watersheds promoted more rapid discharge of precipitation, while the flat and swampy eastern watersheds drained more slowly. Precipitation originating from MPF events produced stronger precipitation-discharge correlations in the winter and fall than in the summer and spring, while most isolated precipitation-discharge correlations were relatively weak. Overall, it was found that MPF precipitation is the main mode of precipitation organization that drives daily watershed discharge, and differences in watershed precipitation-discharge lag times can be best explained by the watershed characteristics rather than differences in precipitation organization.

  15. Ochlerotatus japonicus japonicus (Theobald) in Georgia and North Carolina.

    PubMed

    Gray, Elmer W; Harrison, Bruce A; Womack, Michael L; Kerce, Jerry; Neely, C John; Noblet, Ray

    2005-06-01

    Although the 1st published record of Ochlerotatus japonicus japonicus in Georgia (Rabun County) occurred in 2004, we report here a 2002 collection and identification in Fulton County, Georgia (metro Atlanta). The finding of Oc. j. japonicus in Fulton County represents the most southern record of this species in the United States to date. Also, subsequent collections in North Carolina and 4 additional counties in northeast Georgia are reported. PMID:16035153

  16. State Education Finance and Governance Profile: North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yao, Wang

    2010-01-01

    This article presents the state education finance and governance profile of North Carolina. The state has 214 school districts and a total enrollment of 1,461,740 students in 2,513 public elementary and secondary schools. The current expenditures per pupil in 2007-2008 added up to $8,521, equaling 19.8% of the median state household income. As in…

  17. A new species of Perlesta (Plecoptera: Perlidae) from North Carolina with additional records for North Carolina and Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Kondratieff, B.C.; Zuellig, R.E.; Lenat, D.R.

    2011-01-01

    Twenty-eight species of Nearctic Perlesta are currently recognized (Stark 1989, 2004; Kondratieff et al. 2006, 2008; Grubbs and DeWalt 2008, Grubbs and DeWalt 2011, Kondratieff and Myers 2011). Interestingly, but needing confirmation, Perlesta has been recently recorded from Central America (Gutiérrez-Fonseca and Springer 2011). Continued collecting and study of Perlesta from North Carolina by the authors revealed one additional undescribed species. Ten species of Perlesta currently have been recorded from North Carolina (Stark 1989, 2004, Kondratieff et al. 2006, 2008, Grubbs and DeWalt 2008). Additionally, new Perlesta species records are given for Virginia. The terminology used in the description of the male adult follows Stark (1989, 2004).

  18. Magnitude and extent of sediment toxicity in selected estuaries of South Carolina and Georgia. Technical memo

    SciTech Connect

    Long, E.R.; Scott, G.I.; Kucklick, J.; Fulton, M.; Thompson, B.

    1998-04-01

    Surficial sediment samples were collected from 162 locations within five estuaries -- Charleston Harbor, Winyah Bay, Leadenwah Creek, Savannah River, and St. Simons Sound -- in coastal South Carolina and Georgia in a survey of sediment toxicity performed in 1993 and 1994. All samples were tested for toxicity with a battery of complimentary laboratory bioassays. The laboratory bioassays consisted of amphipod survival tests in solid-phase sediments, microbial bioluminescence (Microtox{trademark}) tests of organic solvent extracts, and sea urchin fertilization and embryo development tests of porewaters. Some samples also were tested in copepod reproduction and cytochrome P-450 RGS bioassays. Chemical analyses for a suite of trace metals, organic compounds, and sedimentological factors were performed with portions of most samples.

  19. Support services for commercialization of small hydroelectric facilities in North Carolina

    SciTech Connect

    Warren, J.L.

    1980-06-01

    Small hydro is defined as those hydroelectric resources available at existing sites with a potential capacity of less than 25,000 kW, or 25 MW. There is no limitation on the height of the dam. North Carolina has between 3000 and 4000 dams. Section II reviews the assessment of the small hydro resource available in North Carolina with different data sources. Section III details the assistance given to small hydro developers in North Carolina. Section IV summarizes recommendations for future activities in support of small hydro in North Carolina. Appendices include a list of existing and potential hydroelectric sites in North Carolina, a computerized list of power potentials at existing dams in North Carolina, a list of parties interested in small hydro, a sample letter sent to small hydro developers, and the program for a small hydro conference held in Asheville in 1979.

  20. Lehardyia alleithoros, sp. nov. (Turbellaria, Kalyptorhynchia) from the Coast of North Carolina, USA

    PubMed Central

    Whitson, Ashley; Litvaitis, Marian K.

    2014-01-01

    As with other high-energy beaches, those of North Carolina harbor a diverse fauna of kalyptorhynch turbellarians, and most appear to be new to science. Here, we describe Lehardyia alleithoros, a new kalyptorhynch turbellarian of the Karkinorhynchidae, from 3 high-energy beach sites in North Carolina. We also report an apparent range extension for Carcharodorhynchus flavidus Brunet, 1967. These observations bring the total number of kalyptorhynch turbellarians reported from the marine interstitial environment of North Carolina to five. PMID:24955066

  1. Cumulative impacts of dock shading on Spartina alterniflora in South Carolina estuaries.

    PubMed

    Sanger, Denise M; Holland, A Frederick; Gainey, Christopher

    2004-05-01

    Salt marshes dominated by Spartina alterniflora and the associated networks of tidal creeks that drain them are characteristic geographical features of southeastern estuaries, important nursery habitat areas, and preferred sites for residential development. As the size of the coastal population increases, so has the number of requests for dock permits. With each new request for a dock permit, public concerns about the cumulative environmental impacts of dock proliferation on the coastal environment have increased. The objective of this particular study was to evaluate the impacts of shading by dock structures on stem densities of S. alterniflora in South Carolina coastal marshes. Shading impacts under individual docks were extrapolated to the tidal creek (local), county, and statewide scales. Dock structures were sampled both under and next to the walkway in the Charleston Harbor area of South Carolina. The density of S. alterniflora under docks was significantly lower than that which occurred next to the docks (i.e., 5 m away) for the short-form, tall-form, and both forms combined. We estimated that shading effects from dock structures in South Carolina decreased the stem density of S. alterniflora by 71%. Dock shading effects were small when evaluated from the perspective of the amount of marsh that occurs within specific tidal creeks (0.03-0.72%), in coastal counties at a maximum dock length (0.01-0.98%), or statewide (0.01-0.13%) at a maximum dock length. However, approximately 7,000 docks have been permitted over the last decade, resulting in a loss of salt marsh equivalent to 60 ha. PMID:15503391

  2. Zoned uplift of western North Carolina bounded by topographic lineaments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hill, Jesse Stuart

    East-west-, southeast-northwest-, and north-south-trending lineaments separate zones of differential uplift and rejuvenated topography in the western North Carolina Blue Ridge Province. Sometime in the Miocene, over 200 m.y. after the birth of the Atlantic Ocean, the Blue Ridge of western North Carolina was uplifted, likely not as a broad uniform section of the crust, but rather as blocks bounded by conjugate fracture zones that today form the Swannanoa, Laurel Creek, Tuckasegee, Franklin, and other unnamed lineaments. The Swannanoa and Laurel Creek are two east-west lineaments visible in satellite imagery for 250 and 120 km. These previously recognized but poorly documented structures contain lineament-parallel outcrop-scale joints and dextral-normal faults formed from a near-vertical principal stress consistent with the focal mechanism from a 2005 earthquake. Streams draining into the lineaments have recorded uplift-related local base level change as knickpoints upstream of active topography and downstream of relict landscapes.

  3. Attitudes of North Carolina law enforcement officers toward syringe decriminalization

    PubMed Central

    Davis, Corey S.; Johnston, Jill; Zerden, Lisa de Saxe; Clark, Katie; Castillo, Tessie; Childs, Robert

    2015-01-01

    Background North Carolina, like much of the U.S. South, is disproportionately affected by HIV and hepatitis. This persistently high disease burden may be driven in part by laws that criminalize the possession and distribution of syringes for illicit drug use. Legal change to decriminalize syringes may reduce infection rates in the state, but is unlikely absent support from law enforcement actors. Methods We analyzed the responses of 350 North Carolina law enforcement officers to a confidential, anonymous survey. The survey instrument collected data regarding self-reported needle-stick injury (NSI), blood borne disease risk perception and attitudes toward syringe decriminalization. Results 82% of respondents reported that contracting HIV was a “big concern” for them. 3.8% of respondents reported ever receiving a job-related NSI, a rate of 36 NSI per 10,000 officer-years. Majorities of respondents reported positive views regarding syringe decriminalization, with approximately 63% agreeing that it would be “good for the community” and 60% agreeing that it would be “good for law enforcement.” Black and female officers were significantly less likely to agree that on-the-job NSI was a “big concern” and significantly more likely to agree that it would be good for law enforcement. Conclusions These findings suggest that many North Carolina LEOs understand the public health benefits of syringe access programs and may be inclined to support syringe decriminalization legislation. Further research is indicated to determine the causes of observed differences in perceptions of bloodborne disease risk and attitudes toward syringe decriminalization by race and sex. PMID:25193720

  4. Statewide HPV Vaccine Initiation Among Adolescent Females in North Carolina

    PubMed Central

    Reiter, Paul L.; Cates, Joan R.; McRee, Annie-Laurie; Gottlieb, Sami L.; Shafer, Autumn; Smith, Jennifer S.; Brewer, Noel T

    2014-01-01

    Background Cervical cancer incidence in the United States may be greatly reduced through widespread human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination. We estimated the statewide level of HPV vaccine initiation among adolescent girls in North Carolina and identified correlates of vaccine initiation. Methods We used data from 617 parents of adolescent females from North Carolina who completed the population-based 2008 Child Health Assessment and Monitoring Program survey. Analyses used weighted multivariate logistic regression. Results Overall, 31.3% of parents reported their daughters had received at least 1 dose of HPV vaccine. Vaccine initiation was higher among daughters aged 13 to 15 years (odds ratio [OR] = 2.03, 95% CI, 1.12–3.67) or 16 to 17 years (OR = 3.21, 95% CI, 1.76 –5.86) compared with those 10 to 12 years old. Additional correlates of HPV vaccine initiation included the daughter having a preventive check-up in the last 12 months (OR = 5.09, 95% CI, 2.43–10.67), having received meningococcal vaccine (OR = 2.50, 95% CI, 1.55– 4.01), or being from an urban area (OR = 1.81, 95% CI, 1.02–3.21). Among parents of unvaccinated daughters, intent to vaccinate in the next year was higher among those with daughters aged 13 to 17 years. Parents of unvaccinated non-Hispanic white daughters reported lower levels of intent to vaccinate within the next year compared with parents of unvaccinated daughters of other races. Conclusions HPV vaccine initiation in North Carolina is comparable with other US areas. Potential strategies for increasing HPV vaccination levels include reducing missed opportunities for HPV vaccination at preventive check-ups and increasing concomitant administration of HPV vaccine with other adolescent vaccines. PMID:20414146

  5. Anatomy of a shoreface sand ridge revisted using foraminifera: False Cape Shoals, Virginia/North Carolina inner shelf

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Robinson, Marci M.; McBride, Randolph A.

    2008-01-01

    Certain details regarding the origin and evolution of shelf sand ridges remain elusive. Knowledge of their internal stratigraphy and microfossil distribution is necessary to define the origin and to determine the processes that modify sand ridges. Fourteen vibracores from False Cape Shoal A, a well-developed shoreface-attached sand ridge on the Virginia/North Carolina inner continental shelf, were examined to document the internal stratigraphy and benthic foraminiferal assemblages, as well as to reconstruct the depositional environments recorded in down-core sediments. Seven sedimentary and foraminiferal facies correspond to the following stratigraphic units: fossiliferous silt, barren sand, clay to sandy clay, laminated and bioturbated sand, poorly sorted massive sand, fine clean sand, and poorly sorted clay to gravel. The units represent a Pleistocene estuary and shoreface, a Holocene estuary, ebb tidal delta, modern shelf, modern shoreface, and swale fill, respectively. The succession of depositional environments reflects a Pleistocene sea-level highstand and subsequent regression followed by the Holocene transgression in which barrier island/spit systems formed along the Virginia/North Carolina inner shelf not, vert, ~5.2 ka and migrated landward and an ebb tidal delta that was deposited, reworked, and covered by shelf sand.

  6. Anatomy of a shoreface sand ridge revisited using foraminifera: False Cape Shoals, Virginia/North Carolina inner shelf

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Robinson, M.M.; McBride, R.A.

    2008-01-01

    Certain details regarding the origin and evolution of shelf sand ridges remain elusive. Knowledge of their internal stratigraphy and microfossil distribution is necessary to define the origin and to determine the processes that modify sand ridges. Fourteen vibracores from False Cape Shoal A, a well-developed shoreface-attached sand ridge on the Virginia/North Carolina inner continental shelf, were examined to document the internal stratigraphy and benthic foraminiferal assemblages, as well as to reconstruct the depositional environments recorded in down-core sediments. Seven sedimentary and foraminiferal facies correspond to the following stratigraphic units: fossiliferous silt, barren sand, clay to sandy clay, laminated and bioturbated sand, poorly sorted massive sand, fine clean sand, and poorly sorted clay to gravel. The units represent a Pleistocene estuary and shoreface, a Holocene estuary, ebb tidal delta, modern shelf, modern shoreface, and swale fill, respectively. The succession of depositional environments reflects a Pleistocene sea-level highstand and subsequent regression followed by the Holocene transgression in which barrier island/spit systems formed along the Virginia/North Carolina inner shelf ???5.2 ka and migrated landward and an ebb tidal delta that was deposited, reworked, and covered by shelf sand.

  7. Manual for leveling at gaging stations in North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Thomas, N.O.; Jackson, N.M.

    1981-01-01

    This manual was prepared to serve several purposes in the U.S. Geological Survey North Carolina District. This manual sets forth District policy as to frequency of levels, accuracy criteria, procedures for checking the datum and setting of the various types of gages, general rules to follow in establishing the original datum of a gage, and contains sample notes to be used as guides in level notekeeping. The manual also serves as a training tool in that the reasoning behind District policy is explained and reasons are given for following the recommended techniques to assist in a better understanding of the purpose of levels and maintaining gage datum.

  8. Correlates of Mental Health among Latino Farmworkers in North Carolina

    PubMed Central

    Crain, Rebecca; Grzywacz, Joseph G.; Schwantes, Melody; Isom, Scott; Quandt, Sara A.; Arcury, Thomas A.

    2013-01-01

    Latino farmworkers are a vulnerable population who confront multiple threats to their mental health. Informed by the stress-process model of psychiatric disorder, the goal of this paper is to determine personal and situational correlates of poor mental health among Latino farmworkers. Structured interview data were obtained from farmworkers (N=69) in six counties in eastern and western North Carolina. Results indicated that a substantial number of farmworkers have poor mental health, as indicated by elevated depressive symptoms (52.2%) and anxiety (16.4%). Results also indicated that each mental health outcome had different predictors. Addressing the mental health issues of farmworkers requires a comprehensive, multifaceted approach. PMID:22757952

  9. Power for all? Electricity and uneven development in North Carolina

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harrison, Conor M.

    Many towns in eastern North Carolina face a number of challenges common to the rural South, including high rates of poverty and diminishing employment opportunities. However, some residents of this region also confront a unique hardship---electricity prices that are vastly higher than those of surrounding areas. This dissertation examines the origins of pricing inequalities in the electricity market of eastern North Carolina---namely how such inequalities developed and their role in the production of racial and economic disparities in the South. This dissertation examines the evolving relations between federal and state agencies, corporations, and electric utilities, and asks why these interactions produced varying social outcomes across different places and spatial settings. The research focuses on the origins and subsequent development of electric utilities in eastern North Carolina, and examines how electricity as a material technology interacted with geographies of race and class, as well as the dictates of capital accumulation. This approach enables a rethinking of several concepts that are rarely examined by scholars of electric utilities, most notably the monopoly service territory, which I argue served as a spatial fix to accumulation problems in the industry. Further, examining the way that electric utilities developed in North Carolina during the 20th century brings to the forefront the at times contradictory relationships among systems of electricity provision, Jim Crow segregation, the Progressive Era, and the New Deal. Such a focus highlights the important role that the control of electricity provision played in shaping racial inequalities that continue to persist in the region. With most urban areas were electrified in the 1930s, the research also traces the electricity distribution lines as they moved out of cities through rural electrification programs, a shift that highlights the state as a multi-scalar and variegated actor that both aided and impeded electrification efforts by various institutional and corporate entities. Ultimately, I argue that the historical geography of electricity is a critical factor that must be considered in order to adequately understand and address the issues of inequality and poverty that continue to persist in the region.

  10. Land-cover classes to characterize watersheds in North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Terziotti, Silvia; Eimers, Jo Leslie

    2001-01-01

    This web site contains the Federal Geographic Data Committee-compliant metadata (documentation) for digital data produced for the North Carolina, Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Public Water Supply Section, Source Water Assessment Program. The metadata are for 11 individual Geographic Information System data sets. An overlay and indexing method was used with the data to derive a rating for unsaturated zone and watershed characteristics for use by the State of North Carolina in assessing more than 11,000 public water-supply wells and approximately 245 public surface-water intakes for susceptibility to contamination. For ground-water supplies, the digital data sets used in the assessment included unsaturated zone rating, vertical series hydraulic conductance, land-surface slope, and land cover. For assessment of public surface-water intakes, the data sets included watershed characteristics rating, average annual precipitation, land-surface slope, land cover, and ground-water contribution. Documentation for the land-use data set applies to both the unsaturated zone and watershed characteristics ratings. Documentation for the estimated depth-to-water map used in the calculation of the vertical series hydraulic conductance also is included.

  11. Estimated water use, by county, in North Carolina, 1990

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Terziotti, Silvia; Schrader, Tony P.; Treece, M.W.

    1994-01-01

    Data on water use in North Carolina were compiled for 1990 as part of a cooperative agreement between the U.S. Geological Survey and the Division of Water Resources of the North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources. Data were compiled from a number of Federal, State, and private sources for the offstream water-use categories of public supply, domestic, commercial, industrial, mining, livestock, irrigation, and thermoelectric-power generation. Data also were collected for instream use from hydroelectric facilities. Total estimated offstream water use in the State for 1990 was about 8,940 million gallons per day. About 95 percent of the water withdrawn was from surface-water sources. Thermoelectric-power generation accounted for about 81 percent of all withdrawals. Data for instream water use for hydroelectric-power generation also were compiled. This instream water use totaled about 66,900 million gallons per day. eAch water-use category is summarized in this report by county and source of water supply.

  12. Percent-slope classes to characterize watersheds in North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Terziotti, Silvia; Eimers, Jo Leslie

    2001-01-01

    This web site contains the Federal Geographic Data Committee-compliant metadata (documentation) for digital data produced for the North Carolina, Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Public Water Supply Section, Source Water Assessment Program. The metadata are for 11 individual Geographic Information System data sets. An overlay and indexing method was used with the data to derive a rating for unsaturated zone and watershed characteristics for use by the State of North Carolina in assessing more than 11,000 public water-supply wells and approximately 245 public surface-water intakes for susceptibility to contamination. For ground-water supplies, the digital data sets used in the assessment included unsaturated zone rating, vertical series hydraulic conductance, land-surface slope, and land cover. For assessment of public surface-water intakes, the data sets included watershed characteristics rating, average annual precipitation, land-surface slope, land cover, and ground-water contribution. Documentation for the land-use data set applies to both the unsaturated zone and watershed characteristics ratings. Documentation for the estimated depth-to-water map used in the calculation of the vertical series hydraulic conductance also is included.

  13. A study of reported therapeutic abortions in North Carolina.

    PubMed

    Howell, E M

    1975-05-01

    Legislation in 1967 allowed abortions in North Carolina for reasons of mental or physical danger to the mother or child or in cases of rape. In 1971 the statute was changed to require 2 rather than 3 physicians in agreement, to reduce residency requirements from 4 months to 30 days, and mandatory reporting of all abortions. A study of reported abortions since 1967 is undertaken for time trends, differences, distribution, and complications of patients in 1971 voluntary versus mandatory reporting, and abortion ratio for mandatory reporting period. 4378 abortion were reported for 1971. 70.6% of the women were white; 29.4 nonwhite. The most frequent indication was for psychiatric reasons (90%) and the most frequent procedure was suction curettage. Mean age was 23.6 years; mean gestation was 11.9 weeks. In comparison to national data for 1971, North Carolina had similar age distribution, later performance of abortion in terms of gestational age, and similar distribution of operational procedures. PMID:1130570

  14. Average annual precipitation classes to characterize watersheds in North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Terziotti, Silvia; Eimers, Jo Leslie

    2001-01-01

    This web site contains the Federal Geographic Data Committee-compliant metadata (documentation) for digital data produced for the North Carolina, Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Public Water Supply Section, Source Water Assessment Program. The metadata are for 11 individual Geographic Information System data sets. An overlay and indexing method was used with the data to derive a rating for unsaturated zone and watershed characteristics for use by the State of North Carolina in assessing more than 11,000 public water-supply wells and approximately 245 public surface-water intakes for susceptibility to contamination. For ground-water supplies, the digital data sets used in the assessment included unsaturated zone rating, vertical series hydraulic conductance, land-surface slope, and land cover. For assessment of public surface-water intakes, the data sets included watershed characteristics rating, average annual precipitation, land-surface slope, land cover, and ground-water contribution. Documentation for the land-use data set applies to both the unsaturated zone and watershed characteristics ratings. Documentation for the estimated depth-to-water map used in the calculation of the vertical series hydraulic conductance also is included.

  15. Airborne Observations of Ammonia Emissions from North Carolina Swine Facilities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nowak, J. B.; Neuman, J. A.; Liao, J.; Welti, A.; Middlebrook, A. M.; McKeen, S. A.; Trainer, M.; Parrish, D. D.

    2013-12-01

    Ammonia (NH3) is the dominant gas-phase base in the troposphere. As a consequence, NH3 abundance influences particle formation and composition. Anthropogenic emissions of NH3 can react with sulfuric acid (H2SO4) and nitric acid (HNO3), photochemical oxidation products of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx (NO + NO2)), to form ammoniated particles that typically account for half or more of measured PM2.5 mass in the Eastern US. NH3 emissions are predominantly from agricultural sources, primarily livestock animal waste and crop fertilization. Accurate NH3 emissions estimates from these sources are necessary for developing effective particle control strategies. Swine facilities in North Carolina are one of the largest source of NH3 emissions in the Southeastern US. Airborne measurements of NH3 and particulate ammonium (NH4+) made aboard the NOAA WP-3D aircraft as part of the recent 2013 SENEX field campaign are used to quantify NH3 emissions from North Carolina swine facilities. The observed NH3 emissions are compared to swine facility emissions estimates from current emissions inventories. In addition, the NH3 emissions from swine facilities are placed in the broader context of NH3 sources through comparison to recent emissions observations from dairy facilities in California. The July 10 SENEX WP-3D flight track colored and sized by observed NH3 mixing ratios.

  16. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 2008-09. Research Report 01-09

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dow, Daphne

    2009-01-01

    The University of North Carolina presents the forty-first annual "Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina." This abstract covers the breadth of higher education activities in the State in their quantitative aspect, from simple counts of enrollment and degrees conferred to complex analyses of the flow of student transfers among…

  17. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 1979-80.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill.

    The University of North Carolina's thirteenth annual statistical abstract of higher education in North Carolina covers the entire gamut of higher education activities from enrollment data and degrees conferred to more complex analyses like the flow of student transfers among institutions. Chapters include: current enrollment; enrollment trends;…

  18. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 2003-04. Research Report 1-04

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, Xiaoyun

    2004-01-01

    The University of North Carolina presents the thirty-sixth annual Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina. This report covers the breadth of higher education activities in the State in their quantitative aspect, from simple counts of enrollment and degrees conferred to complex analyses of the flow of student transfers among…

  19. A History of the Community College Internship Program at North Carolina State University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Broadhurst, Christopher J.; Bartlett, James E.

    2014-01-01

    Following World War II, North Carolina created public junior colleges and industrial education centers to meet the educational demands of veterans and expand the technical skills of the state's workforce. Despite the creation of these campuses, in the early 1960s North Carolina ranked 47th in the number of citizens in college, and 66 counties…

  20. 77 FR 52135 - HomeTrust Bank, Clyde, North Carolina; Approval of Conversion Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Office of the Comptroller of the Currency HomeTrust Bank, Clyde, North Carolina; Approval of Conversion...) approved the application of HomeTrust Bank, Clyde, North Carolina to convert to the stock form...

  1. 78 FR 34306 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans: North Carolina; Control Techniques...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-07

    ... FR 27065. NC DENR submitted a SIP revision on May 1, 2013, to address deficiencies with the State's... .0902. See 78 FR 27065. On May 1, 2013, North Carolina submitted a SIP revision correcting deficiencies... federally-approved North Carolina SIP on December 19, 1986, (51 FR 45468). The rule was amended again...

  2. University of North Carolina Lets Professors Ease Their Way into Retirement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    June, Audrey Williams

    2008-01-01

    This article reports on the University of North Carolina's "phased-retirement" plan, which lets professors formally ease their way into retirement. The challenges of personnel planning in the North Carolina system, made tougher when higher education was stripped of a mandatory retirement age 14 years ago, have lessened because the program has…

  3. Multiple Response System (MRS) Evaluation Report to the North Carolina Division of Social Services (NCDSS)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University (NJ1), 2004

    2004-01-01

    In response to a request from the North Carolina Division of Social Services (DSS), Center for Child and Family Policy at The Terry Sanford Institute at Duke University evaluated the Multiple Response System reform for families reported for child maltreatment. The North Carolina State Legislature has mandated the evaluation of five key aspects of…

  4. Adverse Impact of Racial Isolation on Student Performance: A Study in North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharma, Andy; Joyner, Ann Moss; Osment, Ashley

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the impact of racial isolation on high school student performance in North Carolina, a state in the southeast United States. Our research goal is to investigate if increased isolation negatively impacts Black students' academic performance. Employing the North Carolina State Department of Public Instruction (NCDPI)…

  5. 78 FR 35837 - North Carolina: Final Authorization of State Hazardous Waste Management Program Revisions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-14

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 271 North Carolina: Final Authorization of State Hazardous Waste Management Program... applied to EPA for final authorization of changes to its hazardous waste program under the Resource..., EPA is proposing to grant final authorization to North Carolina for these changes. Along with...

  6. 76 FR 6594 - North Carolina: Final Authorization of State Hazardous Waste Management Program Revisions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-07

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 271 North Carolina: Final Authorization of State Hazardous Waste Management Program... applied to EPA for Final authorization of the changes to its hazardous waste program under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). EPA proposes to grant final authorization to North Carolina. In...

  7. A Modernizer Sets a New Course at the U. of North Carolina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Healy, Patrick

    1999-01-01

    Molly Corbett Broad, president of the University of North Carolina system and an economist by training, was brought in by the state treasurer to help convince the Teachers Insurance and Annuity Association-College Retirement Equities Fund (TIAA-CREF) to open a branch in North Carolina. The experience illustrates the kind of leadership Broad has…

  8. The North Carolina Capitol: Pride of the State. Teaching with Historic Places.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Draper, Howard

    North Carolina's state capitol rises majestically on Union Square in downtown Raleigh, a city created in 1792 to serve as North Carolina's permanent capital. Built between 1833-40, the granite building is one of the finest and best preserved examples of civic Greek Revival architecture in the United States. This lesson is based on the National…

  9. Understanding the North Carolina Pretest?Grade 3. Assessment Brief, Volume 9, Number 6

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2004

    2004-01-01

    The North Carolina Pretest?Grade 3 is administered to all grade 3 students during the first three weeks of school. The pretest measures the knowledge and skills specified for grade 2 from the reading and mathematics goals and objectives of the North Carolina Standard Course of Study. The pretest is used in the determination of growth in student…

  10. 78 FR 78310 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; North Carolina; Transportation Conformity...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-26

    ...The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is proposing to approve a revision to the North Carolina State Implementation Plan submitted on July 12, 2013, through the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources. This submission adopts a memorandum of agreement establishing transportation conformity criteria and procedures related to interagency consultation and enforceability......

  11. The High Cost of Low Graduation Rates in North Carolina. School Choice Issues in the State

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gottlob, Brian J.

    2007-01-01

    North Carolina has a dropout crisis--only two thirds of North Carolina high school students graduate. One reason this crisis has not received the attention it deserves is because the state was reporting badly inflated graduation rates (supposedly as high as 97 percent) until it finally adopted a more realistic reporting method earlier this year.…

  12. Legal Aspects of the Changing Roles of Women in North Carolina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schoonmaker, Meyressa H.

    Although women in North Carolina increasingly enter the work force to stay and their "protected" status in marriage is no longer secure, North Carolina's women do not have economic equality under law with men. Husbands have full rights to the rents, profit, and control of entirety property and real estate during marriage; and no women serve as…

  13. 78 FR 28747 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; North Carolina; State Implementation Plan...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-16

    ... 73 FR 16436. Accordingly, in a February 3, 2010, SIP submission, North Carolina updated state rule... the primary and secondary standards. See 73 FR 66964. Accordingly, in a February 3, 2010, SIP... period. See 71 FR 61144. Accordingly, in a February 3, 2010, SIP submission, North Carolina updated...

  14. Urbanization and the Family: 1968 Conference Proceedings of the North Carolina Family Life Council, Inc.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garner, Kate B., Ed.; Gottschall, Andrew W., Jr., Ed.

    The keynote address discusses "Politics and the American Family.""The Changing North Carolina Family," the topic of the second address, discusses population, families, marriage and divorce, births and deaths, economic situation, education, and welfare. Fifteen statistical tables are appended to this address. "Family Trends in North Carolina" and…

  15. Utilization of ERTS-1 data in North Carolina. [forested wetlands, water management, and land use

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Welby, C. W. (Principal Investigator); Lammi, J. O.; Carson, R. J., III

    1973-01-01

    The author has identified the following significant results. ERTS-1 imagery has been used to study forested wetlands, dynamic processes off Coastal North Carolina, and land use patterns in the Wilmington, North Carolina area. The thrust of the investigation is still involvement of state and regional agencies in the use of ERTS-1 imagery in solving some of their day-to-day problems.

  16. 2010 Critical Success Factors for the North Carolina Community College System. Twenty First Annual Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Community College System (NJ1), 2010

    2010-01-01

    First mandated by the North Carolina General Assembly in 1989 (S.L. 1989; C. 752; S. 80), the Critical Success Factors report has evolved into the major accountability document for the North Carolina Community College System. This twenty first annual report on the critical success factors is the result of a process undertaken to streamline and…

  17. Evaluation of the School-Wide Positive Behavioral Support Program in Eight North Carolina Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wasilewski, Yvonne; Gifford, Beth; Bonneau, Kara

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this report is to provide the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction (NCDPI) with information about teachers' responses to School-wide Positive Behavioral Support (PBS) and key educational outcomes on students in North Carolina elementary schools implementing School-wide (PBS). A web-based survey of teachers at eight…

  18. An Analysis of the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service's Role in Bridging the Digital Divide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alston, Antoine J.; Hilton, Lashawn; English, Chastity Warren; Elbert, Chanda; Wakefield, Dexter

    2011-01-01

    The study reported here sought to determine the perception of North Carolina County Cooperative Extension directors in regard to the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service's role in bridging the digital divide. It was perceived by respondents that variables such as income, education, gender, disability status, race/ethnicity, age, and…

  19. An Analysis of the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service's Role in Bridging the Digital Divide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alston, Antoine J.; Hilton, Lashawn; English, Chastity Warren; Elbert, Chanda; Wakefield, Dexter

    2011-01-01

    The study reported here sought to determine the perception of North Carolina County Cooperative Extension directors in regard to the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service's role in bridging the digital divide. It was perceived by respondents that variables such as income, education, gender, disability status, race/ethnicity, age, and…

  20. Carex opaca (Hermann) P.E. Pothrock & Reznicek (CYPERACEAE) new to North Carolina

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Carex opaca (F. J. Hermann) P.E. Rothrock & Reznicek (CYPERACEAE) is reported from two sites in North Carolina. These are the first records of C. opaca from North Carolina and represent easternmost stations for this species in the United States. Previously C. opaca was known from Arkansas, Illino...

  1. The North Carolina Online Sex Offender Registry: Awareness and Utilization by Childcare Providers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Jennifer L.; Malesky, L. Alvin, Jr.

    2009-01-01

    This study examined childcare providers' usage of the North Carolina Sex Offender and Public Protection Registry. One hundred twenty three childcare providers in 76 counties in North Carolina were surveyed via telephone interview about their utilization of the registry Web site. Responses revealed that most providers knew about the registry…

  2. Middle School Team Leader Teacher's Perceptions of the North Carolina School Library Media Centers' Impact Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baldwin, Etta M.

    2010-01-01

    This qualitative study examined the perceptions of the school library media specialists and teachers in middle schools in two school districts located in North Carolina. The study investigated the flexible access and school collaboration aspects of the IMPACT grant from the North Carolina Department of Education. The results of the study derived…

  3. A History of the Community College Internship Program at North Carolina State University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Broadhurst, Christopher J.; Bartlett, James E.

    2014-01-01

    Following World War II, North Carolina created public junior colleges and industrial education centers to meet the educational demands of veterans and expand the technical skills of the state's workforce. Despite the creation of these campuses, in the early 1960s North Carolina ranked 47th in the number of citizens in college, and 66 counties…

  4. 78 FR 34303 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; North Carolina; Removal of Stage II Gasoline...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-07

    ...EPA is proposing to approve changes to the North Carolina State Implementation Plan (SIP) submitted by the State of North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources (NC DENR), Division of Air Quality on September 18, 2009, for the purpose of removing Stage II vapor control requirements for new and upgraded gasoline dispensing facilities in the State. The September 18, 2009, SIP......

  5. North Carolina Community College System Economic & Workforce Development Annual Report, 2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Community Coll. System, Raleigh.

    This document is an update of the performance of North Carolina Community Colleges in the year 2002 and it focuses on how despite challenges such as a recession and major layoffs, the community college system has improved the future of North Carolina by creating new programs. These programs include the New and Expanding Industry Training Program,…

  6. Work Front--Home Front: A Cooperative Extension Contribution to Work First in North Carolina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeBord, Karen; Matthews, D. Wayne; Canu, Rebecca; Parris, Pam

    North Carolina's Work First (WF) program, like other welfare reform programs, incorporates personal responsibility contracts; paid work, volunteer work, or school requirements; and time limitations. Using telephone interviews, this study examined perceptions of 31 former welfare recipients who were enrolled in the North Carolina Work First (WF)…

  7. Geology of the Plumtree area, Spruce Pine district, North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Brobst, Donald Albert

    1953-01-01

    This report describes the results of study and geologic mapping (1:12,000) in the 70-square-mile Plumtree area in the northeastern part of the Spruce Pine pegmatite district, on the Blue Ridge upland in western North Carolina. The district has been the chief domestic source of feldspar and sheet mica. The mining belt just west of the Blue Ridge Front trends northeast and is 25 miles long and 10 miles wide. The center of the Plumtree area lies 10 miles northeast of Spruce Pine pegmatite district, on the Blue Ridge upland in western North Carolina. The district has been the chief domestic source of feldspar and sheet mica. The mining belt just west of the Blue Ridge Front trends northeast and is 25 miles long and 10 miles wide. The center of the Plumtree area lies 10 miles northeast of Spruce Pine and includes parts of Mitchell and Avery Counties shown on the portions of the 7.5-minute Spruce Pine, Linville Falls, Newland, North Carolina, and Carvers Gap, North Carolina and Tennessee quadrangle. The topography varies from rugged mountains to rounded or flat topped hills near the entrenched, meandering master streams. Old erosion surfaces are approximately 600,1,100, 1,500, and 2,500 feet above the present master stream level. The area is in late youth or early maturity after rejuvenation.. The regionally metamorphosed rocks of the amophibolite facies form three mappable units: mica gneiss, mica schist, and hornblende rock. These rocks, perhaps of Precambrian age, are intimately interlayered with thicknesses of the individual layers ranging from less than one inch to several tons of feet. Field relationships and chemical data suggest that the mica (Carolina-type) rocks were derived from sandstones, graywackes, and shales and that the hornblende-rich (Roan-type) layers were derived from impure carbonate rocks. The igneous rocks include alaskite and associated pegmatite of early Paleozoic age (?), dunite and associated soapstone of a prepegmatite age, and a few diabasic dikes of post-pegmatite age (Triassic?). The alaskite and pegmatite have similar bulk compositions, notably low in iron (0.3 percent). The major constituents in order of decreasing abundance are plagioclase, perthitic microcline, quartz, and muncovite. All of these minerals, as well as clay deposits derived from the weathering of alaskite under old terraces, have economic value. The zoned pegmatites contain fewer zones which are less complex mineralogically than those in the pegmatites of many other areas. These essentially unmetamorphosed bodies were intruded approximately at the peak of the regional metamorphism. Their emplacement was controlled by local structure and rock type. The source of this igneous material may have been the mobilized portions of the Cranberry gneiss which underlies the area. The dunite bodies were intruded early in the metamorphic cycle. The bodies are commonly zoned: from the wall rock inwards (1) talc-antrophyllite-serpentine fringe, (3) serpentinized dunite, (3) granular olivine core. Dunite, chromite, vermiculite, and anthophyllite are the major economic commodities. Extensive hydrothermal alteration of dunite bodies produced soapstone. The area is the northeast end of a southwest plunging synclinorium about 20 miles wide with the steeper limb on the northwest side. There are three structural zones: zone I on the northwest is characterized by the northeast-trending isoclinal folds with steep southeast dips; zone II on the southwest includes an area of rocks with low and variable dip; zone III is the complex central core. In the extreme northeast zones I and II have an indistinct boundary where they coalesce along the rim of the synclinorium. Six stratigraphic units are exposed totaling approximately 10,500 feet of metamorphic rocks. Small scale structural features include a foliation, and a lineation in the planes of the foliation. Minor folding reflects the trends of the major structures. There are randomly orient

  8. North Carolina's Elderly Population: A Distributional Analysis. Department of Sociology and Anthropology Progress Report Soc. 61, 1975.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clifford, William B.; Faulkner, Gary L.

    Analyzing selected data on North Carolina's aged population (65 and over), this report utilizes U.S. Census figures, providing tabular data on the migration of the aged and the distribution of the aged population by residence in North Carolina and the U.S. and by North Carolina counties (rural and urban places). Major findings reveal that North…

  9. The Perceived Impact of the 2006 North Carolina Standards for School Executives on University Educational Leadership Preparation Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Thomas J.

    2010-01-01

    Not surprisingly, the members of the Ad Hoc Committee on School Administration--a committee established by the North Carolina State Board of Education for the purpose of revising standards for principals in North Carolina--perceived that the 2006 North Carolina Standards for School Executives would have an impact on both university preparation…

  10. The Perceived Impact of the 2006 North Carolina Standards for School Executives on University Educational Leadership Preparation Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Thomas J.

    2010-01-01

    Not surprisingly, the members of the Ad Hoc Committee on School Administration--a committee established by the North Carolina State Board of Education for the purpose of revising standards for principals in North Carolina--perceived that the 2006 North Carolina Standards for School Executives would have an impact on both university preparation…

  11. Spatio-temporal Trends of Climate Variability in North Carolina

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sayemuzzaman, Mohammad

    Climatic trends in spatial and temporal variability of maximum temperature (Tmax), minimum temperature (Tmin), mean temperature (Tmean) and precipitation were evaluated for 249 ground-based stations in North Carolina for 1950-2009. The Mann-Kendall (MK), the Theil-Sen Approach (TSA) and the Sequential Mann-Kendall (SQMK) tests were applied to quantify the significance of trend, magnitude of trend and the trend shift, respectively. The lag-1 serial correlation and double mass curve techniques were used to address the data independency and homogeneity. The pre-whitening technique was used to eliminate the effect of auto correlation of the data series. The difference between minimum and maximum temperatures, and so the diurnal temperature range (DTR), at some stations was found to be decreasing on both an annual and a seasonal basis, with an overall increasing trend in the mean temperature. For precipitation, a statewide increasing trend in fall (highest in November) and decreasing trend in winter (highest in February) were detected. No pronounced increasing/decreasing trends were detected in annual, spring, and summer precipitation time series. Trend analysis on a spatial scale (for three physiographic regions: mountain, piedmont and coastal) revealed mixed results. Coastal zone exhibited increasing mean temperature (warming) trend as compared to other locations whereas mountain zone showed decreasing trend (cooling). Three main moisture components (precipitation, total cloud cover, and soil moisture) and the two major atmospheric circulation modes (North Atlantic Oscillation and Southern Oscillation) were used for correlative analysis purposes with the temperature (specifically with DTR) and precipitation trends. It appears that the moisture components are associated with DTR more than the circulation modes in North Carolina.

  12. Thrust belt geometry in the central Carolina slate belt North Carolina

    SciTech Connect

    Huntsman, J.R.; Dockal, J.A.

    1985-01-01

    Newly recognized eastward-directed thrust faults and associated folds and cleavage constitute a major structural element in the central Carolina slate belt near Albemarle, North Carolina. At least two northwest-trending imbricate thrusts occur in a 10 km wide zone that trends 30 km along a northeast strike. Reconnaissance mapping suggests the presence of faults with similar style towards the west of this zone. Rocks directly involved in the thrust include the deep water rhythmites of the Tillery Formation that act as surface of detachment, and, also, a mafic rock that previously was mapped as a gabbro sill. Other field evidence documenting the thrusts includes: drag folds with a pronounced axial planar cleavage that parallels the faults; ramp areas with characteristic rootless folds; dragging of an earlier cleavage into fault surfaces; shear zones and kink bands with the same sense of movement as the thrusts. Axial planar cleavage results in part from pressure solution. The intensity of cleavage and the relative overall strain of the rocks increases from west to east across the thrust zone and suggests that thrusting progressed by successive propogation of footwall faults. Systematic and regular changes in the ratio of Bouma sequence intervals ((A+B+C+D)/E) show a marked discontinuity at the faults and suggest relative horizontal displacements of up to 14 km. Reconnaissance work suggests that the thrust may pre-date but are not younger than the regional low grade metamorphism.

  13. National Uranium Resource Evaluation: Spartanburg Quadrangle, South Carolina and North Carolina

    SciTech Connect

    Schot, E.H.; Galipeau, J.M.

    1980-11-01

    The Spartanburg Quadrangle, South Carolina and North Carolina, was evaluated for uranium favorability using National Uranium Resource Evaluation criteria. The evaluation included the study and analysis of published and collected geologic, geophysical, and geochemical data from subsurface, surface, and aerial studies. Five environments are favorable for uranium deposits. The Triassic Wadesboro Basin has ground waters with anomalously high uranium concentrations and uranium-to-conductivity ratios. The Upper Cretaceous Tuscaloosa-Middendorf Formation is near a uranium source and has sediments favorable for uranium deposition. The contact-metamorphic aureoles associated with the Liberty Hill-Kershaw and Winnsboro-Rion plutonic complexes are close to uranium sources and contain the reductants (sulfides, graphite) necessary for precipitation. The East Fork area in the Charlotte Belt has ground waters with uranium concentrations 4 to 132 times the mean concentration reported for the surrounding Piedmont area. Unfavorable environments include the Catawba Granite, the area west of the Winnsboro-Rion complex, gold-quartz veins, the vermiculite district, and the Western Monazite Belt.

  14. Geology of the Flat Swamp Mountain caldera and related rocks, Carolina slate belt, central North Carolina

    SciTech Connect

    Butler, J.R. . Dept. of Geology)

    1994-03-01

    The Flat Swamp Member (FSM) of the Cid Formation (Late Proterozoic) and related volcanogenic deposits in the Carolina slate belt of central North Carolina constitute a submarine caldera complex, mildly deformed and metamorphosed to lower greenschist facies. The intracaldera facies, including mudflow breccias, ashfall tuffs, pyroclastic flows and lava flows, are 1.2 to 1.8 km thick in the Denton area. The FSM thins abruptly near Badin, passing laterally into extracaldera facies less than 150 m thick of coarse- to fine-grained crystal-rich ashfall tuffs with an upper unit of extremely fine-grained devitrified vitric tuffs. The thickness and average grainsize decrease to the south and east, until the FSM merges with adjacent mudstones. The Morrow Mountain Rhyolite includes bodies of homogeneous rhyolite as much as several km across emplaced within the FSM and stratigraphically lower units, interpreted to be shallow intrusions and some surface-breaking lava domes, emplaced at depths from 0 to 3 km within the caldera and along the ring-fractures. The FSM has been mapped over an area of about 2,400 km[sup 2], and it forms a time-constant layer useful in elucidating slate belt stratigraphy.

  15. Pegmatite geology of the Shelby district, North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Griffitts, Wallace R.

    1957-01-01

    The Shelby district is divided into a northwestern and a southeastern province. The rocks in the southeastern province include various units in the Battleground schist formation and the Yorkville granodiorite. Those in the northwestern province include the Carolina gneiss, with its Shelby gneiss member, and the Toluca quartz monzonite. The Cherryville quartz monzonite forms a batholith that is just west of the boundary between the two provinces. Pegmatites related to both the Toluca and the Cherryville quartz monzonites lie in the Carolina gneiss and many dikes of pegmatite that are related to the Cherryville quartz monzonite are in the tin-spodumene belt that lies along the boundary between provinces. The rocks of the southeastern province have been bent into steep isoclinal folds; those of the northwestern province were bent into open folds and gently-dipping isoclinal folds. The rocks to the southeast have been metamorphosed in the epidote-amphibolite facies whereas the rocks to the northwest represent the amphibolite or granulite facies. The pegmatites related to the Toluca quartz monzonite form sills, dikes, and concordant lenses in the Carolina gneiss, as well as dikes in the Toluca quartz monzonite. The bodies are unzoned and consist mainly of gneissic microcline-plagioclase-quartz pegmatite. The pegmatites related to the Cherryville quartz monzonite form dikes and disconformable lenses in the Carolina gneiss and the Toluca quartz monzonite. These pegmatites range widely in composition and many are zoned. The dikes west of the Cherryville batholith are rich in muscovite and plagioclase and may contain no microcline or only a moderate amount of microcline. Quartz cores and microcline-rich intermediate zones are common. Similar pegmatite forms dikes along the west edge of the tin-spodumene belt. The tin-spodumene belt containes albite-microcline-spodumene-quartz pegmatite. These dikes of albitic pegmatite are largest and most nearly parallel to one another south of Kings Mountain. Farther north they lie in fractures of several sets. The main factors that affected the development of zones in the pegmatite dikes are composition of magma, temperatures of magma and wall rock, and deformation during crystallization. For best development of zones and the growth of the largest muscovite books the rate of cooling and the rate of crystal growth must be rather fast. Complete consolidation probably was reached in most dikes within a gew years after the start of crystallization.

  16. North Carolina court affirms conviction of HIV-positive rapist.

    PubMed

    1999-03-01

    The North Carolina Court of Appeals upheld the conviction of [name removed] [name removed], convicted of raping a 12-year-old girl. The defense had claimed that in admitting testimony about [name removed]'s AIDS diagnosis, the court prejudiced the jury against [name removed] was sentenced to 35 to 42.75 years in prison on the rape charge, and 22 to 32 months for an indecent liberties charge. Because of [name removed]'s HIV infection, indictments were made against him for attempted murder and assault with a deadly weapon. Those charges were dropped during the trial. The Court of Appeals refused to look into the case because the argument made in the appeal differed from the argument made at the original trial. The girl involved in the case received AZT prophylaxis following the rape and has not tested positive. PMID:11366398

  17. Using topographic lidar data to delineate the North Carolina Shoreline

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Limber, Patrick W.; List, Jeffrey H.; Warren, Jeffrey D.; Farris, Amy S.; Weber, Kathryn M.

    2007-01-01

    In North Carolina, shoreline change rates are an important component of the state's coastal management program. To enhance methods of measuring shoreline change, the NC Division of Coastal Management (DCM) is considering using mean high water (MHW) shorelines extracted from lidar data together with traditional wet/dry shorelines digitized from aerial photography. To test their compatibility, a wet/dry line and MHW shoreline derived from a concurrent 2004 oceanfront photography and lidar dataset were compared along a distance of 244 km. Results show that the MHW shoreline was seaward of the wet/dry shoreline by 2.82 m on average, and that this offset biased shoreline change rates by an average of 0.05 m/yr. The offset was greatest on low-sloping beaches experiencing higher water levels at the time of photography, but overall was small enough to suggest that the MHW shoreline can be a reliable substitute for the wet/dry shoreline.

  18. U.S. hydropower resource assessment for North Carolina

    SciTech Connect

    Conner, A.M.; Francfort, J.E.

    1997-10-01

    The US Department of Energy is developing an estimate of the undeveloped hydropower potential in the US. The Hydropower Evaluation Software (HES) is a computer model that was developed by the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory for this purpose. HES measures the undeveloped hydropower resources available in the US, using uniform criteria for measurement. The software was developed and tested using hydropower information and data provided by the Southwestern Power Administration. It is a menu-driven program that allows the personal computer user to assign environmental attributes to potential hydropower sites, calculate development suitability factors for each site based on the environmental attributes present, and generate reports based on these suitability factors. This report describes the resource assessment results for the State of North Carolina.

  19. Declining rates of expansion of reservoir capacity in North Carolina

    SciTech Connect

    Moreau, D.H.

    1992-12-01

    Two complementary inventories of dams in North Carolina are used to examine trends in reservoir capacity from 1900 to 1990. Normal capacity of all reservoirs is shown to be expanding at a declining rate since 1970; construction of reservoirs used primarily for hydroelectric power virtually ceased after 1965. Construction of reservoirs classified as being primarily for water supply or for recreation has also declined sharply since 1970. These trends are particularly important in the growing urban Piedmont region that depends almost exclusively on surface water supplies. They point to the need to protect existing reservoirs, identify and preserve sites for new reservoirs, and to reexamine statutes and administrative processes for allocating stored water among competing uses.

  20. Utilization of ERTS-1 data in North Carolina

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Welby, C. W. (Principal Investigator); Lammi, J. O.; Carson, R. J.

    1972-01-01

    The author has identified the following significant results. Initial study and interpretation of ERTS-1 imagery indicates its usefulness for regional land use planning purposes in North Carolina. Quarries, many secondary roads, and the existence of urbanization as well as changes in urban areas may be mapped. Differences in spectral response for various parts of the major cities suggests that the type of activity in urbanized areas may be monitored. Geological mapping at a scale of 1:250,000 may be possible. The major unfavorable comment from various organizations and agencies who are potential users has been to the relatively small scale. The imagery is a powerful illustrative tool for the several state agencies cooperating in the investigation.

  1. Cancer screening among Native Americans in eastern North Carolina.

    PubMed

    Farmer, Deborah F; Bell, Ronny A; Stark, Nancy

    2005-11-01

    The purpose of the study is to explore cancer screening predictors and practices among Lumbee Indians in eastern North Carolina. Interviewers from the community conducted phone interviews with 333 men and 456 women aged 40 and older randomly selected from the Lumbee Tribal roll as part of the Lumbee Diabetes and Health Survey. The survey has sections on demographic information and health conditions, family history of chronic conditions, and health behaviors. This paper reports on cancer screening behaviors. Rates of ever being screened for breast, cervical, prostate and colon cancer were relatively high compared with overall national rates. Predictors included younger age, better health, more education, and lifestyle factors such as engaging in regular physical activity and not smoking. Future research should focus on developing culturally appropriate campaigns to increase the frequency of cancer screening to conform to guidelines, and educational programs and interventions to reach Lumbee Indians most at risk for not being screened. PMID:16311489

  2. Characterization of marine debris in North Carolina salt marshes.

    PubMed

    Viehman, Shay; Vander Pluym, Jenny L; Schellinger, Jennifer

    2011-12-01

    Marine debris composition, density, abundance, and accumulation were evaluated in salt marshes in Carteret County, North Carolina seasonally between 2007 and 2009. We assessed relationships between human use patterns and debris type. Wave effects on marine debris density were examined using a GIS-based forecasting tool. We assessed the influence of site wave exposure, period, and height on debris quantity. Presence and abundance of debris were related to wave exposure, vegetation type and proximity of the strata to human population and human use patterns. Plastic pieces accounted for the majority of all debris. Small debris (0-5 cm) was primarily composed of foam pieces and was frequently affiliated with natural wrack. Large debris (>100 cm) was encountered in all marsh habitat types surveyed and was primarily composed of anthropogenic wood and derelict fishing gear. Marsh cleanup efforts should be targeted to specific habitat types or debris types to minimize further damage to sensitive habitats. PMID:21986539

  3. Race, Wealth, and Solid Waste Facilities in North Carolina

    PubMed Central

    Norton, Jennifer M.; Wing, Steve; Lipscomb, Hester J.; Kaufman, Jay S.; Marshall, Stephen W.; Cravey, Altha J.

    2007-01-01

    Background Concern has been expressed in North Carolina that solid waste facilities may be disproportionately located in poor communities and in communities of color, that this represents an environmental injustice, and that solid waste facilities negatively impact the health of host communities. Objective Our goal in this study was to conduct a statewide analysis of the location of solid waste facilities in relation to community race and wealth. Methods We used census block groups to obtain racial and economic characteristics, and information on solid waste facilities was abstracted from solid waste facility permit records. We used logistic regression to compute prevalence odds ratios for 2003, and Cox regression to compute hazard ratios of facilities issued permits between 1990 and 2003. Results The adjusted prevalence odds of a solid waste facility was 2.8 times greater in block groups with ?50% people of color compared with block groups with < 10% people of color, and 1.5 times greater in block groups with median house values < $60,000 compared with block groups with median house values ?$100,000. Among block groups that did not have a previously permitted solid waste facility, the adjusted hazard of a new permitted facility was 2.7 times higher in block groups with ?50% people of color compared with block groups with < 10% people of color. Conclusion Solid waste facilities present numerous public health concerns. In North Carolina solid waste facilities are disproportionately located in communities of color and low wealth. In the absence of action to promote environmental justice, the continued need for new facilities could exacerbate this environmental injustice. PMID:17805426

  4. Pesticides Present in Migrant Farmworker Housing in North Carolina

    PubMed Central

    Arcury, Thomas A.; Lu, Chensheng; Chen, Haiying; Quandt, Sara A.

    2014-01-01

    Background Migrant farmworkers are exposed to pesticides at work. Housing provided to migrant farmworkers may also expose them to pesticides, increasing their health risks. This analysis (1) describes the presence of organophosphorous (OP) and pyrethroid pesticides in North Carolina migrant farmworker houses, and (2) delineates associations of farmworker camp characteristics with pesticide detection and concentration. Methods In 2010, 186 migrant farmworkers camps in NC were recruited (participation rate of 82.3%); pesticide wipe samples for 176 houses were analyzed. Tobacco is the predominant hand-harvested crop in this region. Two farmworkers per camp completed interviews; a third assisted with a housing inspection. Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry was used to detect OP and pyrethroid pesticides. Covariates of pesticide detection and concentration were determined with ANOVA and Tobit regression. Results OPs were found in 166 of 176 houses (average of 2.4/house); pyrethroids were found in 171 houses (average of 4.3/house). The number of different OPs detected in each camp and concentrations of these OPs were not associated with camp and housing characteristics. The number of different pyrethroids detected in each camp and concentrations of these pyrethroids were associated with camps having residents with H2-A visas, a posted North Carolina Department of Labor Certificate of Inspection, no barracks, fewer residents, no bedroom weather protection or floor violations, and no roaches. Conclusions Farmworkers are exposed to pesticides where they live. Policy on removing pesticides from farmworker houses is needed. Reducing pesticides in farmworker houses will reduce one health risk confronted by this vulnerable population. PMID:24038176

  5. Observations and Models of Coastal Tidal Variations and Sedimentation in Response to Coastal Geomorphic Reorganizations: Northeastern North Carolina Coastal System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mallinson, D.; Culver, S.; Riggs, S.; Thieler, E. R.; Blanton, B.

    2008-12-01

    There is much concern about coastal erosion in response to scenarios of future sea-level rise and increased tropical cyclone intensities. We are using observations of coastal stratigraphy in northeastern North Carolina to understand past changes of the coastal system in response to storms and sea-level change, in order to create an actualistic model of coastal evolution. The modeling approach is based upon geologic observations derived from seismic data, cores, and microfossil assemblages, temporally constrained by radiocarbon and optically-stimulated luminescence ages. Observations indicate that during the late Pleistocene, the estuarine system was dominated by astronomical tides, and contained extensive tidal flats. During the Holocene, the estuarine system became wind-tide dominated as the barrier system became more robust and continuous, separating the estuary from the adjacent shelf. Late Holocene sediments, however, suggest that segments of the barrier system periodically became less continuous or collapsed. This led to an increase in astronomical tidal range within the estuary. To further understand this transitional behavior, we are modeling the tidal effects using various representations of barrier island morphology, which are constrained by our geologic observations. The ADCIRC model is being used to investigate the degree of tidal change that corresponds to the geologic observations. These data will enable an understanding of the potential for a threshold response of the barriers and estuaries to future sea-level rise and storms, and evaluate the potential for future reorganization to a tidally-dominated system.

  6. Decadal-scale sediment dynamics and environmental change in the Albemarle Estuarine System, North Carolina

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Corbett, D. Reide; Vance, Dave; Letrick, Erin; Mallinson, David; Culver, Stephen

    2007-02-01

    During the summer of 2001, several short cores (<50 cm) were collected in the Albemarle Estuarine System (AES). Down-core measurements for radiochemical tracers ( 210Pb, 137Cs) and organic matter signatures (? 13C, ? 15N, C:N ratio, and LOI) have been used to elucidate potential temporal changes in fluxes and cycles of organic matter in the AES. Pb-210 geochronology indicates temporal and spatial variations in sediment deposition rates (0.08-0.57 cm y -1) with highest rates near the AES western limit relative to the rest of the estuary. Low accumulation rates, deficient excess 210Pb inventories, and near linear 137Cs profiles throughout the AES suggest that sediments are resuspended by wind-generated waves and currents and flushed from the system by river discharge and wind-tides, probably to Pamlico Sound to the south. Sediments in the AES are accumulating at rates less than the current rate of relative sea-level rise for this region except in protected portions of the estuary. Thus sediment accumulation in the AES is controlled in the short term by storm wave-base and in the long term by the creation of accommodation space by basin subsidence and sea-level rise. The geochemical and sedimentological data characterize the evolution of the Albemarle Sound and associated tributaries over the past 200-300 years. The majority of cores collected throughout the system show a significant decrease in 13C and increase in 15N isotopic signatures up-core. Thus, the estuarine system of eastern North Carolina has changed from a marine-influenced, high brackish environment to the modern-day system, which is a highly variable, terrestrially influenced, low brackish environment.

  7. Penal Reform and Construction of the Western North Carolina Railroad 1875-1892

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carson, Homer S., III

    2005-01-01

    On March 13, 1879, the "Salisbury Carolina Watchman" noted that the longest and most difficult tunnel in the struggle to lay a railroad line across the Blue Ridge Mountains has been opened. Convicts from North Carolina's new penitentiary built this transportation system and solved the state's need for a cheap labor force as well as the prison's…

  8. Penal Reform and Construction of the Western North Carolina Railroad 1875-1892

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carson, Homer S., III

    2005-01-01

    On March 13, 1879, the "Salisbury Carolina Watchman" noted that the longest and most difficult tunnel in the struggle to lay a railroad line across the Blue Ridge Mountains has been opened. Convicts from North Carolina's new penitentiary built this transportation system and solved the state's need for a cheap labor force as well as the prison's…

  9. Series of Case Patients with Nontuberculous Mycobacteria Isolation, Central North Carolina, 2006-2010

    EPA Science Inventory

    Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infection/colonization, associated with human morbidity/mortality, is linked to drinking water and drinking water distribution systems. To characterize rates and distribution of NTM isolation among residents living in three North Carolina countie...

  10. North Carolina's First Postsecondary Technical Institute: A Prosser Model in the Midst of a Dewey Trend.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffin, Deborah A.; Herren, Ray V.

    1998-01-01

    The North Carolina Center for Applied Textile Technology espouses the ideas of Charles Prosser. Its success in student recruitment, retention, and employability are thus based on a philosophy different from Dewey's, which is advocated by many vocational educators. (SK)

  11. ATMOSPHERIC VOLATILE HYDROCARBON COMPOSITION AT FIVE REMOTE SITES IN NORTHWESTERN NORTH CAROLINA

    EPA Science Inventory

    The results of a study to measure the volatile hydrocarbon composition of the atmosphere at several sites in the southern Appalachian Mountains of northwestern North Carolina are presented. Ambient air was sampled repeatedly at five geographically and botanically different remote...

  12. 77 FR 59356 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; North Carolina: Approval of Rocky Mount...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-27

    ... March 12, 2008, EPA issued a revised ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). See 73 FR..., through the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Division of Air Quality....

  13. North Carolina State Briefing Book for low-level radioactive waste management

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-08-01

    The North Carolina State Briefing Book is one of a series of state briefing books on low-level radioactive waste management practices. It has been prepared to assist state and federal agency officials in planning for safe low-level radioactive waste disposal. The report contains a profile of low-level radioactive waste generators in North Carolina. The profile is the result of a survey of NRC licensees in North Carolina. The briefing book also contains a comprehensive assessment of low-level radioactive waste management issues and concerns as defined by all major interested parties including industry, government, the media, and interest groups. The assessment was developed through personal communications with representatives of interested parties, and through a review of media sources. Lastly, the briefing book provides demographic and socioeconomic data and a discussion of relevant government agencies and activities, all of which may impact waste management practices in North Carolina.

  14. RELATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS TO FISH ASSEMBLAGES IN THE UPPER FRENCH BROAD RIVER BASIN, NORTH CAROLINA

    EPA Science Inventory

    Fish assemblages at 16 sites in the upper French Broad River basin, North Carolina were related to environmental variables using detrended correspondence analysis (DCA) and linear regression. This study was conducted at the landscape scale because regional variables are controlle...

  15. 77 FR 69440 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; North Carolina Sales Tax Certification

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-19

    ... notice was published in the Federal Register at 77 FR 43077, on July 23, 2012. No comments were received...), 1275 First Street NE., Washington, DC 20417. ATTN: Hada Flowers/IC 9000-0059, North Carolina Sales...

  16. MERIS Retrieval of Water Quality Components in the Turbid Albemarle-Pamlico Sound Estuary, USA

    EPA Science Inventory

    Biological, geophysical and optical field observations carried out in the Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina, USA were used to develop a semi-empirical optical algorithm for assessing inherent optical properties associated with water quality components (WQCs). Three wavelengths ...

  17. Gulf Stream Marine Hydrokinetic Energy Observations for North Carolina

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Muglia, M.; Edge, B.; Lowcher, C.

    2014-12-01

    North Carolina and Florida are likely the only two states on the US east coast that have practical access to energy extraction from the Gulf Stream. After leaving the Florida Straits, the Gulf Stream in the region offshore of Cape Hatteras, NC exhibits the least variability in position of any location on the east coast, while simultaneously being closest to land. These important characteristics have made this area the focus of observations to quantify the hydrokinetic energy that may be available from the Gulf Stream for the state of North Carolina. Three types of observations to quantify the energy resource off NC began in 2013. A 150 kHz Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) was moored on the 225 meter isobath at the location estimated to be best for energy extraction, and recovered after a 9-month continuous deployment. Another ADCP was moored in nearly the same location to continue observations, and will be retrieved this fall. Currents from the first deployment averaged 1.15 m/s, and the average Betz Power was 0.8 kW/m2 at a depth of 30 meters over the 9-month duration. Significant variability in current speed, and thus power, occurred over the deployment period. Additionally, current measurements from a vessel mounted 300 kHz ADCP were made from water depths of 100m to 1000 m on a cross-isobath transect that included the location of the ADCP mooring. Currents from the ship transects are still under evaluation and comparison with the 150 kHz ADCP mooring, and will provide valuable information about the spatial variability of the current and its dependence on depth. A coastal ocean radar was added to an existing radar network to provide hourly surface current measurements over the larger study area. Methods to use the relative vorticity in the surface currents to identify the shoreward front of the Gulf Stream are being developed and compared with existing frontal determinations such as Navy Gulf Stream frontal charts produced bi-daily. Frontal estimates are being used to determine the location of the Gulf Stream cyclonic shear zone during ADCP current measurements. Favorable comparisons between the three current observations will provide confidence that the available Betz power can be extrapolated from the radar surface currents alone over long time periods when ADCP information may not be available.

  18. Accuracy of EMS Trauma Transport Destination Plans in North Carolina.

    PubMed

    Moss, Chailee; Cowden, Christopher S; Atterton, Laurie Meyer; Arasaratnam, Meredith H; Fernandez, Antonio R; Evarts, Jeff S; Barrier, Brian; Lerner, E Brooke; Mann, N Clay; Lohmeier, Chad; Shofer, Frances S; Brice, Jane H

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Objective. Planning for time-sensitive injury may allow emergency medical services (EMS) systems to more accurately triage patients meeting accepted criteria to facilities most capable of providing life-saving treatment. In 2010, North Carolina (NC) implemented statewide Trauma Triage and Destination Plans (TTDPs) in all 100 of North Carolina's county-defined EMS systems. Each system was responsible for identifying the specific destination hospitals with appropriate resources to treat trauma patients. We sought to characterize the accuracy of their hospital designations. Methods. In this cross-sectional study, we collected TTDPs for each county-defined EMS system, including their assigned hospital capabilities (i.e., trauma center or community hospital). We conducted a survey with each EMS system to determine how their TTDP was constructed and maintained, as well as with each TTDP-designated hospital to verify their capabilities. We determined the accuracy of the EMS assigned hospital designations by comparing them to the hospital's reported capabilities. Results. The 100 NC EMS systems provided 380 designations for 112 hospitals. TTDPs were created by EMS administrators and medical directors, with only 55% of EMS systems engaging a hospital representative in the plan creation. Compared to the actual hospital capabilities, 97% of the EMS TTDP designations were correct. Twelve hospital designations were incorrect and the majority (10) overestimated hospital capabilities. Of the 100 EMS systems, 7 misclassified hospitals in their TTDP. EMS systems that did not verify their local hospitals' capabilities during TTDP development were more likely to incorrectly categorize a hospital's capabilities (p = 0.001). Conclusions. A small number of EMS systems misclassified hospitals in their TTDP, but most plans accurately reflected hospital capabilities. Misclassification occurred more often in systems that did not consult local hospitals prior to developing their TTDP. The potential of the TTDP to improve communication between EMS agencies and the facilities with which they work has not been fully realized. EMS agencies or systems should verify local hospital capabilities when engaging in destination planning efforts. PMID:24878396

  19. Improving the Return on Investment of Graduate Medical Education in North Carolina.

    PubMed

    Newton, Warren; Wouk, Noah; Spero, Julie C

    2016-01-01

    The National Academy of Medicine has called for fundamental reform in the governance and accountability of graduate medical education, but how to implement this change is unclear. We describe the North Carolina graduate medical education system, and we propose tracking outcomes and aligning residency stipends with outcomes such as specialty choice, practice in North Carolina, and acceptance of new Medicaid and Medicare patients. PMID:26961836

  20. Fishing mortality in North Carolina's southern flounder fishery: direct estimates of instantaneous fishing mortality from a tag return experiment

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Smith, William E.; Scharf, Frederick S.; Hightower, Joseph E.

    2009-01-01

    Estimation of harvest rates is often a critical component of fishery stock assessment and management. These assessments are often based on catch-at-age data sets generated over many years, but estimates of instantaneous fishing mortality (F) can also be obtained from a shorter-term tag return study. We conducted a 2-year tag return experiment to generate direct estimates of F for southern flounder Paralichthys lethostigma in a North Carolina estuary. The southern flounder supports lucrative commercial and recreational fisheries within the state and has experienced heavy fishing pressure for more than a decade. During 2005 and 2006, fish were captured and tagged with the assistance of commercial harvesters in the New River estuary. Tag returns were used to generate monthly estimates of F, which demonstrated a clear seasonal pattern that was consistent between years. Several important assumptions of the tag return model were accounted for through the use of double-tagged individuals, the distribution of both high- and standard-reward tags, and the completion of an independent controlled experiment to evaluate mortality related to tagging. Annual estimates of F exceeded the short-term management target in both years. Residual patterns suggest that the estimates may actually have been biased low, possibly due to delayed mixing of tagged fish. Thus, despite recently amended fishery regulations, F in the North Carolina southern flounder gill-net fishery still has the potential to greatly exceed targeted levels, which may delay stock recovery. Tag return studies can provide reliable (and nearly real-time) information about F and natural mortality as long as the experimental design addresses specific assumptions related to tagging-induced mortality, tag shedding, and nonreporting of tags.

  1. Violence and substance use among North Carolina pregnant women.

    PubMed Central

    Martin, S L; English, K T; Clark, K A; Cilenti, D; Kupper, L L

    1996-01-01

    OBJECTIVES. Prenatal patients were studied to examine the proportion of women who had been violence victims, women's patterns of substance use (cigarettes, alcohol, and illegal drugs) before and during pregnancy, and relationships between violence and substance use. METHODS. More than 2000 prenatal patients in North Carolina were screened for violence and substance use. Relationships between violence and patterns of substance use before and during pregnancy were examined, as well as women's continuation of substance use during pregnancy as a function of violence and sociodemographic factors. RESULTS. Twenty-six percent of the women had been violence victims during their lives. Before pregnancy, 62% of the women had used one or more substances; during pregnancy, 31% had used one or more substances. Both before and during pregnancy, violence victims were significantly more likely to use multiple substances than nonvictims. Continuation of substance use during pregnancy was significantly more likely among violence victims than nonvictims. CONCLUSIONS. Care providers should screen women for violence as well as for substance use and should ensure that women are provided with appropriate interventions. PMID:8669524

  2. Dabbling duck behavior and aircraft activity in coastal North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Conomy, J.T.; Collazo, J.A.; Dubovsky, J.A.; Fleming, W.J.

    1998-01-01

    Requests to increase military aircraft activity in some training facilities in the United States have prompted the need to determine if waterfowl and other wildlife are adversely affected by aircraft disturbance. We quantified behavioral responses of wintering American black ducks (Anas rubripes), American wigeon (A. americana), gadwall (A. strepera), and American green-winged teal (A. crecca carolinensis) exposed to low-level flying military aircrafts at Piney and Cedar islands, North Carolina, in 1991 and 1992. Waterfowl spent ???1.4% of their time responding to aircraft, which included flying, swimming, and alert behaviors. Mean duration of responses by species ranged from 10 to 40 sec. Costs to each species were deemed low because disruptions represented a low percentage of their time-activity budgets only a small proportion of birds reacted to disturbance (13/672; 2%); and the likelihood of resuming the activity disrupted by an aircraft disturbance event was high (64%). Recorded levels of aircraft disturbance (i.e., x?? = 85.1 dBA) were not adversely affecting the time-activity budgets of selected waterfowl species wintering at Piney and Cedar islands.

  3. Impact of North Carolina's motorcycle helmet law on hospital admissions and charges for care of traumatic brain injuries.

    PubMed

    Naumann, Rebecca B; Marshall, Stephen W; Proescholdbell, Scott K; Austin, Anna; Creppage, Kathleen

    2015-04-01

    BACKGROUND North Carolina requires motorcyclists of all ages to wear federally approved safety helmets. The purpose of this article is to estimate the impact of this state law in terms of hospital admissions for traumatic brain injury (TBI) and associated hospital charges. METHODS Hospital admissions of North Carolina motorcyclists with TBIs and associated hospital charges in 2011 were extracted from the North Carolina Hospital Discharge Data system. We estimated hospital admissions and charges for the same year under the counterfactual condition of North Carolina without a universal motorcycle helmet law by using various substitutes (Florida, Pennsylvania, and South Carolina residents treated in North Carolina). RESULTS North Carolina's universal helmet law prevented an estimated 190 to 226 hospital admissions of North Carolina motorcyclists with TBI in 2011. Averted hospital charges to taxpayer-funded sources (ie, government and public charges) were estimated to be between $9.5 million and $11.6 million for 2011, and total averted hospital charges for 2011 were estimated to be between $25.3 million and $31.0 million. LIMITATIONS Cost estimates are limited to inpatients during the initial period of hospital care. This study was unable to capture long-term health care costs and productivity losses incurred by North Carolina's TBI patients and their caregivers. CONCLUSIONS North Carolina's universal motorcycle helmet law generates health and economic benefits for the state and its taxpayers. PMID:25856346

  4. Estimating flood magnitude and frequency for urban and small, rural streams in Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina, 2011

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Feaster, Toby D.; Gotvald, Anthony J.; Weaver, J. Curtis

    2014-01-01

    Reliable estimates of the magnitude and frequency of floods are essential for the design of transportation and water-conveyance structures, flood insurance studies, and flood-plain management. Flood-frequency estimates are particularly important in densely populated urban areas. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) used a multistate approach to update methods for determining the magnitude and frequency of floods in urban and small, rural streams that are not substantially affected by regulation or tidal fluctuations in Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina (Feaster and others, 2014). The multistate approach has the advantage over a single state approach of increasing the number of streamflow-gaging station (streamgages) available for analysis, expanding the geographical coverage that would allow for application of regional regression equations across state boundaries, and building on a previous flood-frequency investigation of rural streamgages in the Southeastern United States. This investigation was funded as part of a cooperative program of water-resources investigations between the USGS, the South Carolina Department of Transportation, and the North Carolina Department of Transportation. In addition, much of the data and information for the Georgia streamgages was funded through a similar cooperative program with the Georgia Department of Transportation.

  5. Geographic signatures of North American West Coast estuaries

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Emmett, Robert; LlansĂł, Roberto; Newton, Jan; Thom, Ron; Hornberger, Michelle; Morgan, Cheryl; Levings, Colin; Copping, Andrea; Fishman, Paul

    2000-01-01

    West Coast estuaries are geologically young and composed of a variety of geomorphological types. These estuaries range from large fjords to shallow lagoons; from large to low freshwater flows. Natural hazards include E1 Niños, strong Pacific storms, and active tectonic activity. West Coast estuaries support a wide range of living resources: five salmon species, harvestable shellfish, waterfowl and marine birds, marine mammals, and a variety of algae and plants. Although populations of many of these living resources have declined (salmonids), others have increased (marine mammals). West Coast estuaries are also centers of commerce and increasingly large shipping traffic. The West Coast human population is rising faster than most other areas of the U.S. and Canada, and is distributed heavily in southern California, the San Francisco Bay area, around Puget Sound, and the Fraser River estuary. While water pollution is a problem in many of the urbanized estuaries, most estuaries do not suffer from poor water quality. Primary estuarine problems include habitat alterations, degradation, and loss; diverted freshwater flows; marine sediment contamination; and exotic species introductions. The growing West Coast economy and population are in part related to the quality of life, which is dependent on the use and enjoyment of abundant coastal natural resources.

  6. Arsenic in groundwater in the North Carolina Eastern slate belt (Esb): Nash and halifax counties, north carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Reid, J.C.; Haven, W.T.; Eudy, D.D.; Milosh, R.M.; Stafford, E.G.

    2010-01-01

    Naturally occurring arsenic-contaminated groundwater is present within the Eastern Slate Belt (ESB) of North Carolina. Long-term, integrated geologic and geo-chemical investigations havedetermined the presence of arsenic by analyzing precipitates from first and second order streams under base flow conditions. When groundwater discharges into streams, arsenic and other metals are precipitated from solution, due to redox changes between the subsurface and surface environments. Analyses (As, base metals, Fe and Mn) were determined following chemical extraction ofnaturally occurring manganese-iron oxide-coatings, which had precipitated from solution onto stream-bed cobbles. Additionally, artificial redox fronts were produced by placing ceramic tilesin streambeds to collect and analyze oxide precipitates. Thermochemical plots from these data, as well as information from respective stream water measurements (pH and Eh), water sampling, and rock chemical analyses indicate mobile arsenic in predicted stability fields. Initial results show that naturally occurring arsenic-contaminated groundwater is present within the study area. However, the resulting oxidation and pre-cipitation within streams appreciably removes thiscontaminant from surface water solution.

  7. North Carolina Children's Index, 2002: A Profile of Leading Indicators of the Health and Well-Being on North Carolina's Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haggerty, Joann H.

    This Kids Count report examines statewide trends in the well-being of North Carolina's children. The statistical portrait is based on 22 selected key indicators representing background demographics, economic, educational, health, and social well-being: (1) children poverty rate; (2) TANF recipients; (3) children in families receiving food stamps;…

  8. Special Review of Smart Start Expenditures by Save Our Brothers, Inc. (Pittsboro, North Carolina) and Liberty Chapel United Church of Christ (Moncure, North Carolina).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Office of the State Auditor, Raleigh.

    This report of the Office of the State Auditor in North Carolina details audit findings regarding allegations of misuse of Smart Start funds by Save Our Brothers, Inc. and the Liberty Chapel United Church of Christ. Save Our Brothers, Inc., a nonprofit agency, received two contracts totaling $46,327 from the Chatham County Partnership for Children…

  9. Save Black Schools. What Is the Future of Black Higher Education in North Carolina. A Report on the Crisis in Black Higher Education in North Carolina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Student Organization for Black Unity, Greensboro, NC.

    Problems faced by blacks in higher education in North Carolina are analyzed with focus on inadequate financial support for black colleges. It is suggested that factors affecting the status of black institutions are (1) the traditional state educational priorities, and (2) the history of political maneuvering that has resulted in a misguided…

  10. Gaining the Competitive Edge: The Challenge to North Carolina's Community Colleges. Report of the Commission on the Future of the North Carolina Community College System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MDC, Inc., Chapel Hill, NC.

    The recommendations presented in this report were developed by the Commission on the Future of the North Carolina Community College System to improve the operation, funding, and economic and social returns of the state's community colleges. Section 1 provides a summary of upcoming challenges facing the colleges and the Commission's response to…

  11. An Investigation of Elementary Teachers' and Principals' Perceptions of Teacher Working Conditions and Academic Achievement in North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Applewhite, Michael Anthony

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate elementary teachers' and principals' perceptions of working conditions and academic achievement in selected regions in North Carolina public schools. The participants in this study were North Carolina principals and elementary teachers from the north and south central school regions. These educators…

  12. Water quality of North Carolina streams. Chapter E

    SciTech Connect

    Harned, D.; Meyer, D.

    1983-01-01

    Interpretation of water-quality data for the Yadkin-Pee Dee River system, has identified water-quality variations, characterized the current condition of the river in reference to water-quality standards, estimated the degree of pollution caused by man, and evaluated long-term trends in concentrations of major dissolved constituents. Overall, the ambient water quality of the Yadkin-Pee Dee River system is satisfactory for most water uses. Iron and manganese concentrations are often above desirable levels, but they are not unusually high in comparison to other North Carolina streams. Lead concentrations also periodically rise above the recommended criterion for domestic water use. Mercury concentrations frequently exceed, and pH levels fall below, the recommended criteria for protection of aquatic life. Dissolved-oxygen levels, while generally good, are lowest at the Pee Dee near Rockingham, due to the station's location not far downstream from a lake. Suspended sediment is the most significant water-quality problem of the Yadkin-Pee Dee River. The major cation in the river is sodium and the major anions are bicarbonate and carbonate. Nutrient concentrations are high enough to allow rich algal growth. Eutrophication is currently a problem in the Yadkin-Pee Dee, particularly in High Rock Lake. Statistically significant trends show a pattern of increasing concentration of most dissolved constituents over time, with a leveling off and declines in the middle of late 1970's. Relatively steady increases in sulfate and in nitrate and a steady decrease in pH with time probably are largely due to the increasing acidity of atmospheric precipitation. 43 figs., 22 tabs.

  13. Heavy metals exposures among Mexican farmworkers in eastern North Carolina

    SciTech Connect

    Quandt, Sara A.; Jones, Bradley T.; Talton, Jennifer W.; Whalley, Lara E.; Galvan, Leonardo; Vallejos, Quirina M.; Grzywacz, Joseph G.; Chen, Haiying; Pharr, Kathryn E.; Isom, Scott; Arcury, Thomas A.

    2010-01-15

    Background: Immigrant farmworkers are a population at risk for numerous environmental and occupational exposures. The metals arsenic, lead, mercury, and cadmium are known neurotoxins to which workers can be exposed both in the US and in their country of origin. Because farmworkers are exposed to neurotoxic pesticides, they may be at risk for adverse health effects from the combined exposure. Objectives: To examine the relationship between exposure to metals, as measured in urine, with personal and work-related characteristics of Mexican migrant and seasonal farmworkers in the US. Methods: We analyzed data on metals found in urine of 258 farmworkers recruited from 44 camps in eastern North Carolina in 2007. Geometric means and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used to compare data with data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). We used multivariate regression models fitted for each metal to estimate the association of creatinine-corrected urinary metals and worker characteristics related to environmental and occupational exposures. Results: Geometric mean urinary metals concentrations ({mu}g/g creatinine) exceeded NHANES reference values for arsenic (13.23 [CI 11.11, 15.35] vs. 8.55 [CI 7.23, 9.86]) and lead (1.26 [CI 1.08, 1.43] vs. 0.63 [CI 0.60, 0.66]). Age, being from the central region of Mexico, and pack years of cigarette smoking were significant predictors of metals exposure; being a current smoker and years worked in US agriculture were not. Conclusions: This first study to examine indicators of worker body burdens of metals shows that workers have body burdens related to exposures other than work in the US. Further research should address their risk for adverse health outcomes due to combined exposures to neurotoxins in pesticides.

  14. Assessing multimodal school travel safety in North Carolina.

    PubMed

    McDonald, Noreen C; McGrane, Ann B; Rodgman, Eric A; Steiner, Ruth L; Palmer, W Mathew; Lytle, Benjamin F

    2015-01-01

    School transportation has been the subject of numerous federal and state policies since the early twentieth century-the Safe Routes to School program is the most recent example. However, few recent studies have thoroughly analyzed the risks and costs associated with different modes of transportation to school. Our descriptive study assessed the injury and fatality rates and related safety costs of different modes of school transportation using crash and exposure data from North Carolina, USA from 2005 to 2012. We found that riding with a teen driver is the most dangerous mode on a per trip basis with injury rates 20 times higher and fatality rates 90 times higher than school buses, which had the lowest injury rates. Non-motorized modes had per trip injury rates equivalent to school buses but per trip fatality rates were 15 times higher than for school buses. The economic costs of school travel-related injuries and fatalities for walking, biking, and teen drivers were substantially higher than other modes. This research has important policy implications because it quantified the risks of different school travel modes which allows policymakers to consider how safety investments can reduce risks. Decades of effort by schools, communities, and the government have made school buses a very safe mode and endeavored to reduce risks to teen drivers. This study highlighted the need for these same actors to reduce the risks of injury for walking and bicycling. As more improvements are made to infrastructure around schools, repeated studies of this type will allow practitioners to examine whether the improvements help mitigate the risks. PMID:25463952

  15. Heavy Metals Exposures among Mexican Farmworkers in Eastern North Carolina

    PubMed Central

    Quandt, Sara A.; Jones, Bradley T.; Talton, Jennifer W.; Whalley, Lara E.; Galvan, Leonardo; Vallejos, Quirina M.; Grzywacz, Joseph G.; Chen, Haiying; Pharr, Kathryn E.; Isom, Scott; A. Arcury, Thomas

    2009-01-01

    Background Immigrant farmworkers are a population at risk for numerous environmental and occupational exposures. The metals arsenic, lead, mercury, and cadmium are known neurotoxins to which workers can be exposed both in the US and in their country of origin. Because farmworkers are exposed to neurotoxic pesticides, they may be at risk for adverse health effects from the combined exposure. Objectives To examine the relationship between exposure to metals, as measured in urine, with personal and work-related characteristics of Mexican migrant and seasonal farmworkers in the US. Methods We analyzed data on metals found in urine of 258 farmworkers recruited from 44 camps in eastern North Carolina in 2007. Geometric means and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used to compare data with data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). We used multivariate regression models fitted for each metal to estimate the association of creatinine-corrected urinary metals and worker characteristics related to environmental and occupational exposures. Results Geometric mean urinary metals concentrations (µg/g creatinine) exceeded NHANES reference values for arsenic (13.23 [CI 11.11, 15.35] vs. 8.55 [CI 7.23, 9.86]) and lead (1.26 [CI 1.08, 1.43] vs. 0.63 [CI 0.60, 0.66]). Age, being from the central region of Mexico, and pack years of cigarette smoking were significant predictors of metals exposure; being a current smoker and years worked in US agriculture were not. Conclusions This first study to examine indicators of worker body burdens of metals shows that workers have body burdens related to exposures other than work in the US. Further research should address their risk for adverse health outcomes due to combined exposures to neurotoxins in pesticides. PMID:19818439

  16. Characterization of turf practices in five North Carolina communities.

    PubMed

    Osmond, Deanna L; Hardy, David H

    2004-01-01

    Limited information exists on specific urban lawn care practices in the United States. We conducted a door-to-door lawn care survey in five North Carolina communities to determine suburban fertilizer, pesticide, and water use. These communities, Cary, Goldsboro, Kinston, New Bern, and Greenville, are mostly located within the Neuse River basin, a nutrient-sensitive water resource. Residents in Cary used lawn care companies more than twice as frequently as residents in the other communities (43 compared with 20%). Cary had the smallest mean lawn size (445 m2), while the largest was in Goldsboro (1899 m2). Tall fescue [Festuca arundinacea Schreb.] was the predominant grass type in Cary (99%), and centipedegrass [Eremochloa ophiuroides (Munro) Hack.] or centipedegrass mixtures were the predominant grass types in Greenville and New Bern. Kinston had the lowest fertilizer usage with only 54% of the residents using fertilizer; Cary had the highest rate of 83%. The average N fertilizer rate applied to the lawns was dissimilar ranging from 24 to 151 kg N ha(-1). Analysis of variance results for fertilizer rates and household income indicated a significant difference (P < 0.05) in application rate between high- and medium-income levels and the low-income level. Cary, Goldsboro, and Greenville had approximately the same number of fertilizer applications per year (1.5), whereas the average number of fertilizer applications per year in New Bern was 3.0. Most household residents (53%) used instructions on the bag and either grass type and/or lawn area to guide them on fertilizer application rates. PMID:15074808

  17. Beryllium resources of the tin-spodumene belt, North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Griffitts, Wallace R.

    1954-01-01

    Pegmatite dikes in the tin-spodumene belt of North and South Carolina uniformly contain about 0.05 percent BeO. The most abundant minerals in the pegmatite contain from 0. 0001 to 0.01 percent BeO. Beryl, having 12.0 to 12.3 percent BeO, is the only beryllium-rich mineral and contains more than 80 percent of the total beryllium in the rock. Beryl-bearing pegmatite crops out on hillsides near streams that flow through the pegmatite belt. Much of the pegmatite contains spodumene, feldspar, mica, cassiterite, and columbite, as well as beryl, but separating these minerals will require milling. The minable spodumene ore in the Kings Mountain area, above a depth of 300 feet contains about 40,000 tons of beryl, equivalent to 6, 000 tons of BeO, if 80 percent of the BeO is assumed to be in beryl. Other pegmatite in that area contains an additional 238,000 tons of beryl, or 35, 900 tons of BeO. On the basis of the same assumptions the spodumene ore above a depth of 300 feet 1 in the Beaverdam Creek area contains 6, 000 tons of beryl, or 800 tons of BeO, and all other pegmatite in that area contains an additional 13, 000 tons of beryl, or 1, 700 tons of BeO. The entire tin-spodumene belt contains 823, 000 tons of beryl, equivalent to 122,800 tons of BeO. Little beryllium was found in the Piedmont province outside of the tin-spodumene belt.

  18. The 3D Elevation Program: summary for North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Carswell, William J., Jr.

    2014-01-01

    Elevation data are essential to a broad range of applications, including forest resources management, wildlife and habitat management, national security, and recreation. For the State of North Carolina, elevation data are critical for flood risk management, natural resources conservation, agriculture and precision farming, infrastructure and construction management, forest resources management, and other business uses. Today, high-density light detection and ranging (lidar) data are the primary sources for deriving elevation models and other datasets. Federal, State, Tribal, and local agencies work in partnership to (1) replace data that are older and of lower quality and (2) provide coverage where publicly accessible data do not exist. A joint goal of State and Federal partners is to acquire consistent, statewide coverage to support existing and emerging applications enabled by lidar data. The National Enhanced Elevation Assessment (NEEA; Dewberry, 2011) evaluated multiple elevation data acquisition options to determine the optimal data quality and data replacement cycle relative to cost to meet the identified requirements of the use community. The evaluation demonstrated that lidar acquisition at quality level 2 for the conterminous United States and quality level 5 interferometric synthetic aperture radar (ifsar) data for Alaska with a 6- to 10-year acquisition cycle provided the highest benefit/cost ratios. The 3D Elevation Program (3DEP) initiative selected an 8-year acquisition cycle for the respective quality levels. 3DEP, managed by the U.S. Geological Survey, the Office of Management and Budget Circular A–16 lead agency for terrestrial elevation data, responds to the growing need for high-quality topographic data and a wide range of other 3D representations of the Nation’s natural and constructed features.

  19. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 2006-07. Research Report 1-07

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, Xiaoyun

    2007-01-01

    The University of North Carolina presents the thirty-ninth annual "Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolinaa." This abstract covers the breadth of higher education activities in the State in their quantitative aspect, from simple counts of enrollment and degrees conferred to complex analyses of the flow of student transfers among…

  20. 78 FR 64594 - Final Federal Agency Actions on Proposed Highway in North Carolina

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-29

    ... to a proposed highway project, I-77 High Occupancy/Toll (HOT) lanes, from I-277 (Brookshire Freeway... the following highway project in the State of North Carolina: I-77 High Occupancy/Toll (HOT) lanes...--Construct two HOT lanes along I-77 from just north of the I-77/I-85 interchange (connecting to I-5405...

  1. 40 CFR 282.83 - North Carolina State-Administered Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... RCRA, 42 U.S.C. 6991c, and 40 CFR part 281, subpart E. If North Carolina obtains approval for the... WASTES (CONTINUED) APPROVED UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANK PROGRAMS Approved State Programs § 282.83 North... an underground storage tank program in lieu of the Federal program under subtitle I of the...

  2. 40 CFR 282.83 - North Carolina State-Administered Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... RCRA, 42 U.S.C. 6991c, and 40 CFR part 281, subpart E. If North Carolina obtains approval for the... WASTES (CONTINUED) APPROVED UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANK PROGRAMS Approved State Programs § 282.83 North... an underground storage tank program in lieu of the Federal program under subtitle I of the...

  3. 40 CFR 282.83 - North Carolina State-Administered Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... RCRA, 42 U.S.C. 6991c, and 40 CFR part 281, subpart E. If North Carolina obtains approval for the... WASTES (CONTINUED) APPROVED UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANK PROGRAMS Approved State Programs § 282.83 North... an underground storage tank program in lieu of the Federal program under subtitle I of the...

  4. 40 CFR 282.83 - North Carolina State-Administered Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... RCRA, 42 U.S.C. 6991c, and 40 CFR part 281, subpart E. If North Carolina obtains approval for the... WASTES (CONTINUED) APPROVED UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANK PROGRAMS Approved State Programs § 282.83 North... an underground storage tank program in lieu of the Federal program under subtitle I of the...

  5. 40 CFR 282.83 - North Carolina State-Administered Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... RCRA, 42 U.S.C. 6991c, and 40 CFR part 281, subpart E. If North Carolina obtains approval for the... WASTES (CONTINUED) APPROVED UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANK PROGRAMS Approved State Programs § 282.83 North... an underground storage tank program in lieu of the Federal program under subtitle I of the...

  6. 77 FR 48203 - Final Federal Agency Actions on Proposed Highway in North Carolina

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-13

    ... West Catawba Avenue (Exit 28), Mecklenburg County, North Carolina. Those actions grant licenses...(209)9, from I-277 (Brookshire Freeway) to West Catawba Avenue (Exit 28) in the city and towns of... West Catawba Avenue (Exit 28). (3) Inclusion of a second HOT lane in each direction from just north...

  7. The New Gateway, an Old Paradox: Immigrants and Involuntary Americans in North Carolina History Textbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hilburn, Jeremy; Fitchett, Paul G.

    2012-01-01

    The authors conducted a content analysis of North Carolina history textbooks to explore how the definition of immigration has changed over the last century. They also examined how immigrant groups and involuntary Americans have been portrayed throughout the state's history. Findings suggest that as a burgeoning gateway state for immigrants, North

  8. 75 FR 65695 - North Carolina Disaster Number NC-00030

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-26

    ... Carolina (FEMA-1942-DR), dated 10/14/2010. ] Incident: Severe Storms, Flooding, and Straight-line Winds associated with remnants of Tropical Storm Nicole. Incident Period: 09/27/2010 through 10/01/2010....

  9. 75 FR 68848 - North Carolina Disaster Number NC-00030

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-09

    ... Carolina (FEMA-1942-DR), dated 10/14/2010. Incident: Severe Storms, Flooding, and Straight-line Winds associated with remnants of Tropical Storm Nicole. Incident Period: 09/27/2010 through 10/01/2010....

  10. The Effect of Oyster Reef Morphology on Particulate Transfer in a North Carolina Tidal Creek

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lemon, M. G.; Posey, M.; Mallin, M.; Alphin, T.

    2014-12-01

    The eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) is a vital ecosystem engineer species, providing a number of ecosystem services that structure and maintain estuarine environments through the construction of large, hard-bottom reef complexes. Through suspension feeding, oysters clear the water column of particulates, leading to decreased suspended material and enhanced benthic pelagic coupling. Past field studies have indicated the potential importance of the physical reef structure in regulating the transfer of particulate material in the seston. In order to directly assess the existence of the physical reef effect, multiple field experiments were performed in a small tidal creek estuary along the south eastern coast of North Carolina. Comparison of clearance rates derived from two different in situ methods, one accounting for the physical structure of the oyster reef in addition to oyster filtration and one looking at oyster filtration alone, indicate that the reef structure may increase the amount of particulate removal performed by the reef by more than 4 times the removal performed by oyster filtration alone. A defaunation experiment was performed by eliminating the live component of the oyster reef and comparing particulate transfer of this defaunated transect to that of an adjacent faunated transect. The defaunated transect had reduced but not significantly lower material removal when compared to the faunated transect prior to defaunation. Results from short and long term sediment collection and flow velocity measurements indicate that the physical effect of oyster reefs is strong over short temporal scales (days) but is much smaller when evaluated over longer time periods (months). Generally, large silt and small sand sized material is permanently removed from the seston due to the interaction of oyster reef structure and tidal flows, however the transfer of small and medium sized silt grains is only slowed down by the presence of large reef complexes. This effect has important ecological implications for downstream water quality and must be accounted for when modeling water quality improvements performed by oysters.

  11. A Preliminary Evaluation of ohe Sediment Dynamics in the Albemarle Estuarine System, North Carolina

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Corbett, D. R.; Mallinson, D.; Letrick, E.; Vance, D.

    2002-12-01

    The Albemarle estuarine system (AES) drainage basin covers an area of approximately 45,500 km2 within Virginia and North Carolina, and is comprised of the Roanoke River Basin, Chowan River Basin, and Albemarle Sound Basin. The AES, a product of rising sea level (eg. drowned-river estuarine system), covers approximately 2,340 km2 and includes several major and minor embayed (lateral) tributaries. As earlier studies have pointed out, the estuarine system is the settling basin for sediments, organic matter, and anthropogenic waste from these three major drainage basins. The most abundant sediment within the AES, forming the benthic habitat for nearly 70% of the estuarine system, is a chemically active organic-rich mud (ORM). This sediment type has been shown to be important to the water quality, contaminant characteristics, and potentially the ecosystem dynamics. During the summer of 2001, several short cores (~ 50 cm) were collected in the AES, and downcore measurements for radiochemical tracers (210Pb, 137Cs) and organic matter signatures (13C, 15N, C:N, LOI) were conducted. These organic matter signatures have been used to elucidate potential temporal changes in fluxes and cycles of organic matter in the AES. Pb-210 analyses indicate temporal and spatial variations in sediment deposition rates (0.05 - 0.50 cm/yr). Sedimentation rate variations are potentially associated with dam construction on the Roanoke River and increased estuarine shoreline erosion along many banks of the Albemarle Sound. Sediment deposition varies spatially in the AES and is highest near its western limit relative to the rest of the estuary. δ13C and δ 15N concentrations from cores collected in the AES range from -21.7 to -28.3 \\permil and 0.4 to 4.6 \\permil, respectively. The variation signatures indicate typical mixing between terrestrial and marine end members, as well as potential influences associated with increased agriculture over the last century.

  12. Mercury distribution in contaminated surface sediments from four estuaries, Khuzestan shore, north part of Persian Gulf.

    PubMed

    Sarasiab, Abdolah Raeisi; Hosseini, Mehdi; Mirsalari, Zohreh

    2014-11-01

    The distribution of mercury in surface sediment from four estuaries along the Khuzestan shore, north part of Persian Gulf, was measured. The concentration of mercury varied among sampling stations (p < 0.05). The concentrations of mercury in all estuaries were from 0.01 to 2.16 µg g(-1). Relatively high mercury concentrations were observed in sediments from Musa estuary. The percentage of mercury associated with different fractions in the sediment from all stations were in the order of residual (70.4 %) > organic matter (16.6 %) > easily and exchangeable (2.2 %) > acid reduction (0.8 %). I geo values calculated for mercury (1.5) showed higher values in Musa estuary than in the other stations. The bioavailability of mercury in sediments could be controlled by physicochemical factors such as pH, oxidation and reduction potential, organic carbon content and cation exchange capacity. PMID:25186811

  13. ASSESSING THE CONDITION OF SOUTH CAROLINA'S ESTUARIES: A NEW APPROACH INVOLVING INTEGRATED MEASURES OF CONDITION

    EPA Science Inventory

    The South Carolina Estuarine and Coastal Assessment Program (SCECAP) was initiated in 1999 to assess the condition of the state's coastal habitats using multiple measures of water quality, sediment quality, and biological condition. Sampling has subsequently been expanded to incl...

  14. Herpetofaunal diversity of Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge, North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Meyers, J.M.; Pike, D.A.

    2006-01-01

    In the past century, habitat alteration and fragmentation have increased dramatically, which increases the need for improving our understanding of how species and biological communities react to these modifications. A national strategy on biological diversity has focused attention on how these habitat modifications affect species, especially herpetofauna (i.e., changes in species richness, community evenness and similarity, and dominant/rare species). As part of this strategy, we surveyed Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge, a coastal, mixed second-growth forested swamp (MFS) and pocosin wetland (PW), in North Carolina for amphibians and reptiles from September 2000 to August 2001. We randomly selected three sites (3 x 3 km) in two major habitat types (MFS, PW) and completed random surveys and trapping using transects, quadrats, nighttime aural road surveys, drift fences, canal transects, coverboards, incidental captures, and evening road surveys. We also collected herpetofauna opportunistically throughout the refuge to establish an updated species list. For analysis, we used Shannon-Weiner species diversity (H'), evenness (1'), species richness and species detectability (COMDYN4), and community percent similarity index to determine herpetofaunal community differences. We estimated 39 species in MFS and 32 species in PW (P < 0.10). Species detectability was similar between habitats (0.84 to 0.86). More reptilian species (+ 31 %) inhabited MFS than PW, but estimated amphibian species richness was identical (17 spp.). H' was higher (P < 0.000 I) for PW (2.6680) than for MFS (2.1535) because of lower J' in the latter (0.6214 vs. 0.8010). Dominance of three Rana species caused lower J' and H' in MFS. Similarity between the communities was 56.6%; we estimated 22-24 species in common for each habitat (95% CI = 18 to 31 spp.). We verified 49 of the 52 herpetofaunal species on the refuge that were known to exist in the area. Restoration of natural water flows may affect herpetofaunal diversity, which may be monitored during a restoration project. Currently, the refuge retains historical levels of herpetofaunal diversity for the region.

  15. Making a World of Difference. Dimension: Language '91. Selected Papers from the Joint Meeting of the Southern Conference on Language Teaching and the Foreign Language Association of North Carolina (Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, 1991).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Terry, Robert M., Ed.

    Papers from the 1991 joint Southern Conference on Language Teaching (SCOLT)/ Foreign Language Association of North Carolina (FLANC) conference are presented. Because the state of North Carolina is in the forefront of state-mandated foreign language education in the elementary schools (FLES), 4 of the 10 articles in this volume address FLES…

  16. Current status of mosquito control programs in North Carolina: the need for cost-effectiveness analysis.

    PubMed

    Del Rosario, Katie L; Richards, Stephanie L; Anderson, Alice L; Balanay, Jo Anne G

    2014-04-01

    Mosquito control in the U.S. is both technically specialized and labor intensive with mosquito control programs (MCPs) carrying out services at federal, state, and local levels. The scope of each MCP varies depending on the needs of the region. In the 1970s, the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources formed the Public Health Pest Management (PHPM) section to play an active leadership role in training and support for local mosquito control programs across the state. PHPM was disbanded, however, in July 2011 due to state budget cuts. The extent to which recent budget shortfalls have impacted services provided by MCPs is largely unknown. Consequently, the primary objectives of the study described in this article were to 1) assess the current status of MCPs in North Carolina, 2) evaluate the extent to which the operational status of local MCPs affects public health, and 3) evaluate the impacts of losing the PHPM section in North Carolina. PMID:24749220

  17. Frontal Eddy Dynamics (FRED) experiment off North Carolina: Volume 1. Executive summary

    SciTech Connect

    Ebbesmeyer, C.C.

    1989-03-01

    In preparation for oil and gas lease sales on the outer continental shelf offshore of North Carolina, the Minerals Management Service was requested to investigate the potential transport and impacts of oil spilled offshore. The Gulf Stream and associated eddies are an important aspect of the transport. Although the speed and location of the Gulf Stream are reasonably well known, knowledge of the meanders of the Gulf Stream is limited. How the circulatory structure and movement of associated frontal eddies and filaments affect the North Carolina coastal waters is not clear. This study investigates the interactions of these circulatory elements and follows the evolution of frontal eddies as they migrate along the North Carolina coast.

  18. Frontal Eddy Dynamics (FRED) experiment off North Carolina: Volume 2. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Ebbesmeyer, C.C.

    1988-03-01

    In preparation for oil and gas lease sales on the outer continental shelf offshore of North Carolina, the Minerals Management Service was requested to investigate the potential transport and impacts of oil spilled offshore. Of particular concern is estimating the movement of spilled oil, especially the probability of shoreward transport and/or beaching of the floatable fraction. Although the speed and location of the Gulf Stream are well known, knowledge of the meanders of the Gulf Stream is limited. How the circulatory structure and movement of associated frontal eddies and filaments affect the North Carolina coastal waters is not clear. This present study investigates the interactions of these circulatory elements and follows the evolution of frontal eddies as they migrate along the North Carolina coast.

  19. Flock sizes and sex ratios of canvasbacks in Chesapeake Bay and North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Haramis, G.M.; Derleth, E.L.; Link, W.A.

    1994-01-01

    Knowledge of the distribution, size, and sex ratios of flocks of wintering canvasbacks (Aythya valisineria) is fundamental to understanding the species' winter ecology and providing guidelines for management. Consequently, in winter 1986-87, we conducted 4 monthly aerial photographic surveys to investigate temporal changes in distribution, size, and sex ratios of canvasback flocks in traditional wintering areas of Chesapeake Bay and coastal North Carolina. Surveys yielded 35mm imagery of 194,664 canvasbacks in 842 flocks. Models revealed monthly patterns of flock size in North Carolina and Virginia, but no pattern of change in Maryland. A stepwise analysis of flock size and sex ratio fit a common positive slope (increasing proportion male) for all state-month datasets, except for North Carolina in February where the slope was larger (P lt 0.001). State and month effects on intercepts were significant (P lt 0.001) and confirmed a previously identified latitudinal gradient in sex ratio in the survey region. There was no relationship between flock purity (% canvasbacks vs. other species) and flock size except in North Carolina in January, February, and March when flock purity was related to flock size. Contrasting characteristics in North Carolina with regard to flock size (larger flocks) and flock purity suggested that proximate factors were reinforcing flocking behavior and possibly species fidelity there. Of possible factors, the need to locate foraging sites within this large, open-water environment was hypothesized to be of primary importance. Comparison of January 1981 and 1987 sex ratios indicated no change in Maryland, but lower (P lt 0.05) canvasback sex ratios (proportion male) in Virginia and North Carolina.

  20. Biotechnology education and training in North Carolina historically minority public universities: A five-year evaluation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nunn, Eleanor Frances

    A five-year evaluation of the implementation of a special legislative initiative established by the North Carolina General Assembly is the focus of my study. The legislation was to improve and enhance biotechnology in the six historically minority public universities in North Carolina---five historically black and one historically Native American. Post secondary minority institutions traditionally enroll more minorities than non-minority ones, and they graduate more minority students who major in the sciences. Traditionally, minority institutions do not receive and therefore lack the funding and resources to prepare adequately students for jobs in biotechnology and related technologies. The legislation was a response to this problem. The program was a collaboration among the North Carolina government; the North Carolina Biotechnology Center, a private, non-profit organization; and the six institutions. Questionnaires, developed by the researcher were mailed to 55 science faculty and staff at the institutions. There was a 71% return rate. Major findings resulting from data analysis. (1) Individualized institutional problem identification and problem solving. (2) Appropriate equipment was purchased. (3) Enrollment tripled in biological and physical sciences. (4) Every school had at least one faculty member retrained in biotechnology. However, time for training in technological advances for more of the faculty is needed. (5) Bioscience courses were revised or developed to include biotechnology. Major results of the program. (1) In September 2001, the North Carolina General Assembly established a permanent appropriation for the program. It concluded that the universities accomplished the goals and objectives and the program was a success. (2) Dispelled was the illusion that minorities are not capable of being successful in the sciences. Major recommendations. (1) Preliminary data on job placement of students after the program is available. A longitudinal study is needed to track systematically their employment and additional educational patterns. (2) Share North Carolina's experiences with this program with other states that have high concentrations of historically minority institutions.

  1. Nephrolithiasis in free-ranging North American river otter (Lontra canadensis) in North Carolina, USA.

    PubMed

    Niemuth, Jennifer N; Sanders, Charles W; Mooney, Charles B; Olfenbuttel, Colleen; DePerno, Christopher S; Stoskopf, Michael K

    2014-03-01

    The North American river otter (Lontra canadensis) serves as an indicator species for environmental monitoring, is prized as a valuable furbearer, and is a popular display animal in zoologic collections. Nephrolithiasis has been reported as a frequent problem in other free-ranging and captive otter species but is rarely reported in North American river otters. In this study, we compared the prevalence of nephrolithiasis diagnosed using routine gross pathologic examination techniques with the use of computed tomography (CT) of excised kidneys. We also evaluated whether otter nephroliths could be accurately classified by their CT densities, and we examined the renal tissue uric acid concentrations in free-ranging otters in North Carolina, USA. Kidneys were collected from carcasses of legally trapped, free-ranging animals. Nephroliths were observed in 16.2% of the individuals (n = 229). Associations were found between age and nephrolith status and between capture location and nephrolith status (P = 0.026 and < 0.001, respectively). Computed tomography Hounsfield unit density measurements were not useful in determining nephrolith chemical composition in this study. Renal tissue uric acid concentrations were similar across genders, age groups, and stone status. The chemical composition of the nephroliths was determined by scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy to be calcium phosphate in the carbonate form. PMID:24712169

  2. Transforming Medical Education is the Key to Meeting North Carolina's Physician Workforce Needs.

    PubMed

    Cunningham, Paul R G; Baxley, Elizabeth G; Garrison, Herbert G

    2016-01-01

    To meet the needs of the population of North Carolina, an epic transformation is under way in health care. This transformation requires that we find new ways to educate and train physicians and other health care professionals. In this commentary, we propose that the success of the Brody School of Medicine in preparing a primary care physician workforce can serve as a model for meeting the state's future physician workforce needs. Other considerations include increasing graduate medical education positions through state funding and providing incentives for medical students who stay in North Carolina. PMID:26961834

  3. An observation-well network concept as applied to North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Winner, M.D., Jr.

    1981-01-01

    A statewide observation-well program is proposed for North Carolina based on four networks of observation wells with different but clearly-defined objectives. These are referred to as the (1) climatic-effects network, (2) terrane-effects network, (3) local-effects network, and (4) areal-effects network. The characteristics of each network are related to natural and man-made stresses in aquifers, and the areas and hydrogeologic units in North Carolina where these networks are needed are identified. Formats for collection, processing, and publication of data from these networks is suggested.

  4. A Closer Look at the North Carolina Board of Dental Examiners and Who Can Practice Dentistry.

    PubMed

    Parker, M Alec

    2015-01-01

    On February 25, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court rendered a six-to-three opinion in favor of the Federal Trade Commission in their dispute with the North Carolina State Board of Dental Examiners concerning teeth-whitening services provided by nondentists. That decision was the culmination of almost nine years of arguments and allegations that began with a disagreement regarding the definition of the practice of dentistry. The ethical aspect of this dispute resides in the one's perspective regarding the motivation behind the actions taken in the North Carolina State Board of Dental Examiners. PMID:26697649

  5. Report of Student Performance in Writing, 1999-2000: Grades 4, 7, and 10. North Carolina Testing Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Instructional Services.

    This 1999-2000 report of student performance in writing provides information on student performance on the North Carolina Writing Assessment at Grades 4, 7, and 10. Noting that the annual writing assessment, a component of the North Carolina Testing Program, is also a component of the ABCs Accountability Program at Grades 4 and 7 and at Grade 10…

  6. School Segregation under Color-Blind Jurisprudence: The Case of North Carolina. Working Papers Series. SAN08-02

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clotfelter, Charles T.; Ladd, Helen F.; Vigdor, Jacob L.

    2008-01-01

    Using detailed administrative data for the public K-12 schools of North Carolina, we measure racial segregation in the public schools of North Carolina. With data for the 2005/06 school year, we update previously published calculations that measure segregation in terms of unevenness in racial enrollment patterns both between schools and within…

  7. Race to the Top. North Carolina Report. Year 2: School Year 2011-2012. [State-Specific Summary Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2013

    2013-01-01

    This State-specific summary report serves as an assessment of North Carolina's second year of Race to the Top implementation. The report highlights successes and accomplishments, identifies challenges, and provides lessons learned from implementation from approximately September 2011 through September 2012. In Year 2, North Carolina continued the…

  8. Observational Study in Ten Beauty Salons: Results Informing Development of the North Carolina BEAUTY and Health Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Solomon, Felicia M.; Linnan, Laura A.; Wasilewski, Yvonne; Lee, Ann Marie; Katz, Mira L.; Yang, Jingzhen

    2004-01-01

    Researchers from the North Carolina BEAUTY and Health Project conducted an observational study in 10 North Carolina beauty salons to gain insight into naturally occurring conversations between cosmetologists and customers, and to assess features of the salon environment that might be used to inform the development of salon-based health promotion…

  9. Vocational Education Home Economics Education Teacher Handbook Grades 7-12. North Carolina Competency-Based Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Vocational Education.

    This teacher handbook provides recommended goals and objectives and suggested measures for the competency-based secondary home economics curriculum in North Carolina. The guide is organized in two sections. The first section consists of an overview of the North Carolina Standard Course of Study and the competency-based curriculum. Information on…

  10. Saving a Generation: North Carolina Public Health Department Partners with State's Black Colleges to Raise Awareness about HIV/AIDS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keels, Crystal L.

    2005-01-01

    North Carolina A&T does it. Across the street, Bennett College does it too. So do Elizabeth City State University, Livingstone and Fayetteville State. These North Carolina-based historically Black institutions have made HIV/AIDS education a part of the student experience at their respective campuses, and one school, Johnson C. Smith University,…

  11. Facilities Inventory and Utilization Study, Fall of 1994; For the State of North Carolina. Twenty-Eighth Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill. Commission on Higher Education Facilities.

    This study presents the results of the 28th annual inventory and utilization study concerning space in North Carolina institutions of higher education during the 1994 fall term. The study provides information on 113 institutions of higher education including the 16 public senior institutions which comprise the University of North Carolina (UNC),…

  12. Heavy Metals (Cd, Cu, Cr, Pb and Zn) in Meretrix meretrix Roding, Water and Sediments from Estuaries in Sabah, North Borneo

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abdullah, Mohd. Harun; Sidi, Jovita; Aris, Ahmad Zaharin

    2007-01-01

    Concentrations of heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Cr, Pb and Zn) in tissues of Meretrix meretrix Roding (M. meretrix R.), water and sediments from two estuaries were determined. One estuary is located in an urban area of Kota Kinabalu (Likas estuary) and the other in a rural district of Kota Belud (Kota Belud estuary), where both are in Sabah, North of…

  13. WATERFOWL-HABITAT ASSOCIATIONS DURING WINTER IN A URBAN NORTH ATLANTIC ESTUARY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Coastal habitats near urban centres in North Atlantic estuaries often support substantial numbers of wintering waterfowl, but little is known of the effects of landscape setting and urbanisation on habitat use. We conducted surveys of waterfowl at 32 wintering sites in Narraganse...

  14. Quaternary Seismic Stratigraphic Framework of the Northern North Carolina Inner Continental Shelf

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Foster, D. S.; Thieler, E. R.; Capone, M. K.; Denny, J. F.

    2002-12-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey has recently collected high-resolution Boomer and CHIRP seismic-reflection profiles along the inner continental shelf of North Carolina between False Cape, VA and Cape Hatteras, NC. The two systems were used concurrently on a dense survey grid with shore parallel lines spaced about 300 m apart. Tie lines were run perpendicular to shore and were spaced about 4 km apart. The survey area covers the inner shelf from about the 7-m isobath to 11 km offshore. Boreholes were drilled on the barrier islands to provide ground truth and correlate the seismic stratigraphy mapped on the shelf and in the backbarrier estuary. Seismic interpretations on the inner shelf are being verified with vibracore data. At least five transgressive unconformities are observed as planar reflections that dip to the southeast. The seismic sequences bounded by these unconformities also thicken slightly to the southeast. As a result, the Quaternary stratigraphic section is more compressed in the northern part of the study area. The deepest unconformity is believed to be the top of the Yorktown Formation (Pliocene) and is recognized as a distinct angular unconformity on Boomer profiles in the northern part of the study area. Three shallower unconformities have been identified on the Boomer profiles, which can be related to discrete Pleistocene sea-level fluctuations using amino acid racemization chronologies. In addition to these surfaces, the Holocene transgressive unconformity is best identified on the Chirp profiles. However, for much of the study area there is no definitive seismic reflection where we believe the unconformity should be located, based on lithologic contacts in vibracores. In some areas, there is a strong seismic reflection that correlates to the base of a mud unit that is most likely pre-Holocene back-barrier lagoon deposits. Accurate mapping of Recent marine sands requires integrating Chirp data with vibracores. There are several areas of fluvial cut and fill that partially remove older Pleistocene units and truncate some of the transgressive unconformities. The paleo-Roanoke River valley complex is the most extensive seen on the seismic profiles. The relative ages of smaller fluvial channel complexes to the north and south cannot be linked with the main Roanoke channel complex based on the geophysical data alone. Radiocarbon ages from onshore boreholes indicate the channel complex was cut during at least two late Pleistocene lowstands.

  15. Carolinas Coastal Change Processes Project data report for observations near Diamond Shoals, North Carolina, January-May 2009

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Armstrong, Brandy N.; Warner, John C.; Voulgaris, George; List, Jeffrey H.; Thieler, E. Robert; Martini, Marinna A.; Montgomery, Ellyn T.

    2011-01-01

    This Open-File Report provides information collected for an oceanographic field study that occurred during January - May 2009 to investigate processes that control the sediment transport dynamics at Diamond Shoals, North Carolina. The objective of this report is to make the data available in digital form and to provide information to facilitate further analysis of the data. The report describes the background, experimental setup, equipment, and locations of the sensor deployments. The edited data are presented in time-series plots for rapid visualization of the data set, and in data files that are in the Network Common Data Format (netcdf). Supporting observational data are also included.

  16. North Carolina Youth Risk Behavior Survey: 2013 WCPSS High School Results. Data Trends. D&A Report No. 14.06

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Townsend, Megan

    2014-01-01

    The 2013 North Carolina Youth Risk Behavior Survey (NCYRBS) was developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and adapted by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction (NCDPI) to monitor the health-risk behaviors and to measure progress toward achieving Healthy North Carolina 2020 objectives. The survey, administered…

  17. North Carolina Youth Risk Behavior Survey: 2013 WCPSS Middle School Results. Data Trends. D&A Report No. 14.07

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Townsend, Megan

    2014-01-01

    The 2013 North Carolina Youth Risk Behavior Survey (NCYRBS) was developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and adapted by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction (NCDPI) to monitor health-risk behaviors and to measure progress toward achieving Healthy North Carolina 2020 objectives. The survey, administered in…

  18. A history of early geologic research in the Deep River Triassic Basin, North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Clark, T.W.

    1998-01-01

    The Deep River Triassic basin has one of the longest recorded histories of geologic research in North Carolina. A quick perusal of nineteenth century geologic literature in North Carolina reveals the Deep River basin has received a tremendous amount of attention, second only, perhaps, to the gold deposits of the Carolina slate belt. While these early researchers' primary interests were coal deposits, many other important discoveries, observations, and hypotheses resulted from their investigations. This article highlights many of the important advances made by these early geo-explorers by trying to include information from every major geologic investigation made in the Deep River basin from 1820 to 1955. This article also provides as thorough a consolidated history as is possible to preserve the exploration history of the Deep River basin for future investigators.

  19. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 1997-98. Research Report 1-98.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balfour, Linda F., Comp.

    This report presents comprehensive data on higher education activities in North Carolina in 84 tables and 17 graphs. Data were compiled from forms completed by the individual institutions in the summer and fall of 1997. Data are usually presented separately for individual institutions by institution type--public institutions, private institutions,…

  20. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 1991-92.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill. General Administration.

    This document presents statistical data for higher education in North Carolina for the 1991-92 academic year. The data were obtained from forms mailed to individual institutions. The tables are grouped under 11 headings the first of which is enrollment. This section presents data on headcount by institution, class, level of instruction, sex, age…

  1. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 1981-82.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balfour, Linda, Comp.; Spivey, Arlene, Comp.

    Statistical data on higher education in North Carolina are presented for 1981-82 and the 1970s. Information is presented for state four-year colleges, community colleges, and private colleges regarding: headcount enrollment by institution, residence status, full-time and part-time status, sex, and level of instruction; full-time equivalent…

  2. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 1982-83.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balfour, Linda, Comp.

    Statistical data are presented on higher education activities in North Carolina, ranging from simple counts of enrollment and degrees conferred to complex analyses of the flow of student transfers among institutions. The following sections are presented: current enrollment, enrollment trends, undergraduate transfers, degrees conferred, faculty,…

  3. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 1990-91.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill.

    Tabular data are presented on higher education in North Carolina, as of 1990-91, in this 24th annual compendium. Data are presented in 83 tables and 14 figures, categorized within the following sections: current enrollment; enrollment trends; undergraduate transfers; degrees conferred; faculty; library resources; costs to students; admissions;…

  4. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 1987-88. Research Report 1-88.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill.

    The 21st annual statistical abstract focuses on the breadth of higher education activities in North Carolina in their quantitative aspect. It ranges from brief enrollment counts to complex analyses of the flow of student transfers among institutions. Both past and current (1987-88) information is provided. Data were compiled from forms mailed to…

  5. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 1971-1972.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Board of Education, Raleigh.

    This abstract covers the breadth of higher education activities in the state of North Carolina during 1971 from simple counts of degrees conferred to a complex analysis of the flow of student transfers among institutions. Some of the highlights of the findings are: (1) 148,708 full-time students were enrolled in N.C. colleges and universities with…

  6. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 1992-93. Research Report 1-93.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balfour, Linda F., Comp.

    This abstract presents statistical data on higher education activities in North Carolina from simple counts of enrollment and degrees conferred to complex analyses of the flow of student transfers among institutions. Data for the abstract were assembled from information supplied by the colleges and universities for the 1992-93 academic year.…

  7. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 1980-81.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balfour, Linda, Comp.

    The 1980-81 statistical report of North Carolina higher education covers the following areas: current enrollment, enrollment trends, undergraduate transfers, degrees conferred, faculty, library resources, costs to students, admissions, student financial aid, and student housing. Information is provided by institution, residence status, full-time…

  8. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 1986-87. Research Report 1-87.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balfour, Linda, Comp.

    Statistical data on higher education activities in North Carolina during 1986-1987 is presented, with attention to: current enrollment, enrollment trends, undergraduate transfers, degrees conferred, faculty, library resources, costs to students, admissions, student financial aid, and student housing. Among the 83 statistical tables are the…

  9. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 1998-99. Research Report 1-99.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balfour, Linda F.

    This report presents comprehensive data on higher education activities in North Carolina in 84 tables and 17 graphs. Data were compiled from forms completed by the individual institutions in the summer and fall of 1998. Data are usually presented separately for individual institutions by institution type public institutions, private institutions,…

  10. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 1985-86.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balfour, Linda, Comp.; And Others

    Statistical data on higher education activities in North Carolina during 1985-1986 includes simple counts of enrollment and degrees conferred, as well as complex analyses of the flow of student transfers among institutions. The following sections are presented: current enrollment, enrollment trends, undergraduate transfers, degrees conferred,…

  11. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 1977-78.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balfour, Linda, Ed.

    The eleventh annual Statistical Abstract covers the breadth of higher education activities in North Carolina in their quantitative aspect for institutional planning, state agencies, and other concerned organizations and individuals. The data include, in tabular and graphic form without analysis: current enrollment, enrollment trends, undergraduate…

  12. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 1983-84.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balfour, Linda, Comp.

    Statistical data on higher education activities in North Carolina are presented, including simple counts of enrollment and degrees conferred as well as complex analyses of the flow of student transfers among institutions. The following sections are presented: current enrollment, enrollment trends, undergraduate transfers, degrees conferred,…

  13. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 1984-85. Research Report 1-85.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balfour, Linda, Comp.

    Statistical data on higher education activities in North Carolina, includes simple counts of enrollment and degrees conferred, as well as complex analyses of the flow of student transfers among institutions. The following sections are presented: current enrollment, enrollment trends, undergraduate transfers, degrees conferred, faculty, library…

  14. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 1988-89.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill.

    Tabular data are presented on higher education in North Carolina, as of 1988-89. Types of data presented on 83 tables and 14 figures include enrollment counts, degrees conferred, characteristics of students in various types of institutions, student costs, admission test scores, financial aid, and analyses of flow of student transfers among…

  15. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 1995-96.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balfour, Linda F.

    This statistical abstract presents 84 tables and 17 graphs which cover the current status of public and private higher education activities in the state of North Carolina in their quantitative aspect, from simple counts of enrollment and degrees conferred to complex analyses of the flow of student transfers among institutions, including state and…

  16. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 1999-2000. Research Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, Xiaoyun, Comp.

    This report covers the breadth of higher education activities in North Carolina in their quantitative aspect, from simple counts of enrollment and degrees conferred to complex analyses of the flow of student transfers among institutions. It presents both past and current (1999-00 academic year) information. The data were compiled from forms mailed…

  17. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 1996-97. Research Report 1-97.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balfour, Linda F., Comp.

    This statistical abstract presents 84 tables and 17 graphs that profile the current status of public and private higher education in North Carolina. Data were gathered from a survey conducted in the summer and fall of 1996. The tables and graphs contain both current and trend data on enrollment (including headcount, full-time equivalent, and…

  18. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 1993-94.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balfour, Linda F., Comp.

    This document provides statistical data on the breadth of higher education activities in the state of North Carolina for the 1993-94 academic year ranging from simple counts of enrollment and degrees conferred to complex analyses of the flow of student transfers among institutions. The report is designed to provide legislators, educators, and…

  19. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 1994-95. Research Report 1-95.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill. General Administration.

    This document provides a statistical account of higher education in North Carolina. It presents data from fall 1994 as well as data on trends from 1983 to 1994. The 84 tables and 17 figures presenting the data are grouped into the following sections: (1) current enrollment, (2) enrollment trends, (3) undergraduate transfers, (4) degrees conferred,…

  20. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 1989-90. Research Report 1-90.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balfour, Linda F.

    This 23rd annual statistical abstract covers the breadth of higher education activities in North Carolina in their quantitative aspect, presenting both past and 1989-90 academic year information. In 83 tables and 14 figures, data are presented concerning: (1) current enrollment (by institution, residence status, sex, level of instruction, age,…

  1. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 1976-77. Research Report No. 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill.

    The tenth annual statistical abstract of higher education in North Carolina covers higher education activities in the state in their quantitative aspect, from simple counts of enrollment and degrees conferred to complex analyses of the flow of student transfers among institutions. The specific areas abstracted include current enrollment,…

  2. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 1969-70.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1970

    This is the third annual Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina and was compiled and organized from data provided by each institution to the State Board of Higher Education or through the Higher Education General Information Survey of the U.S. Office of Education. Information is provided in 11 broad areas which are (1) current…

  3. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 1968-69.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Board of Higher Education, Raleigh.

    This report contains statistical data provided by public and private colleges and universities in North Carolina on: current enrollment, enrollment trends, undergraduate transfers, degrees conferred, faculty and staff, library resources, extension activities, student costs, admissions and financial aid, student housing, and financial statistics.…

  4. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 1972-73.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill.

    This document was compiled to give a detailed statistical view of higher education in North Carolina. Information covers current enrollment,enrollment trends, undergraduate transfers, degrees conferred, faculty and staff, library resources, extension activities, student costs, admissions, student housing and financial statistics. (MJM)

  5. Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina, 1978-79. Research Report 1-79.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balfour, Linda, Comp.

    A statistical abstract covering the breadth of higher education in the state of North Carolina is presented. Extensive data on current enrollment, enrollment trends, undergraduate transfers, degrees conferred, faculty, library resources, costs to students, admissions, student financial aid, and student housing are provided. The data, collected and…

  6. CIVIL RIGHTS, U.S.A. PUBLIC SCHOOLS--SOUTHERN STATES, 1963, NORTH CAROLINA.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DAY, RICHARD E.; AND OTHERS

    IN A REPORT PUBLISHED IN 1962, IT WAS CONCLUDED THAT TOTAL SCHOOL DESEGREGATION IN NORTH CAROLINA WAS NOT LIKELY IN THE FORSEEABLE FUTURE UNLESS FORCED BY COURT DECREES. THE BASIS FOR THE PREDICTION WAS THE HISTORY OF APPLICATION OF TWO ACTS--THE PUPIL ASSIGNMENT ACT, WHICH TRANSFERRED AUTHORITY OF PUPIL ASSIGNMENT TO LOCAL SCHOOL BOARDS, AND THE…

  7. School-Based Accountability in North Carolina: The Responses of School Principals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ladd, Helen F.; Zelli, Arnaldo

    2002-01-01

    Uses two sets of survey data from random sample of North Carolina school principals to investigate principals reported behavioral responses to the state's accountability and incentive program. Finds that the state's ABC program is a powerful tool for changing the behavior of school principals in both intended and unintended ways. (Contains 2…

  8. A Profile of North Carolina Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Health Disparities, 2011

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Joseph G. L.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives. We investigated the health profile of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults in North Carolina, the first state in the South to include a measure of sexual orientation identity in a probability-based statewide health survey. Methods. Using data from 9876 respondents in the 2011 North Carolina Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey, we compared sexual minorities to heterosexuals on a variety of health indicators. Results. LGB respondents were younger and more likely to be reached by cell phone. Many examined indicators were not different by sexual orientation. Significant results, however, were consistent with findings from state population surveys in other regions of the country, including disparities in mental health and, among women, smoking. Conclusions. Reporting LGB identity in North Carolina is associated with poorer health. The concentration of anti-LGB policies in the South warrants ongoing monitoring of LGB health disparities in North Carolina and in other Southeastern states for potential effects on the health and well-being of LGB populations. PMID:24825240

  9. A Multiple Case Study of the Literacy Instructional Leadership Behaviors of Elementary Principals in North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herridge, Robin Lea

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the literacy instructional leadership behaviors of principals in two high poverty elementary schools in North Carolina who have experienced success with student growth in reading achievement over a three year period. This was a qualitative exploratory multiple case study. Data was gathered from 21…

  10. North Carolina Community College System Economic & Workforce Development Annual Report, 1999-2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lancaster, H. Martin

    During the 1999-2000 program year, the Division of Economic and Workforce Development attempted to further the North Carolina Community College System's (NCCCS) tradition of excellence by modeling key strategies of the business sector. These strategies included: (1) Economies of scale, a term that refers to unit cost decreasing as number of units…

  11. [North Carolina Gifted and Talented Minigrant Curriculum Projects: Two Microcomputer Projects].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parrish, Ronald; Baker, Reginald

    Computer awareness and literacy programs for gifted and talented high school students were developed at two Washington City Schools (North Carolina). At Carteret High School, a variety of computer programs were purchased for biology and physics studies, trigonometry and algebra studies, aptitude and merit exam preparation, basic skills math…

  12. Understanding Effective Higher Education Programs in Prisons: Considerations from the Incarcerated Individuals Program in North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anders, Allison Daniel; Noblit, George W.

    2011-01-01

    The North Carolina Workplace and Community Transition Youth Offender Program (YOP), recently renamed the Incarcerated Individuals Program (IPP), has proven to be effective in terms of its growth and expansion, the support of education directors across the correctional facilities, university collaboration, student evaluations, and a low recidivism…

  13. CHARACTERIZATION OF LAND USE IN RIPARIAN AREAS WITHIN THE CONTENTNEA WATERSHED OF NORTH CAROLINA

    EPA Science Inventory

    Characterization of land use in riparian areas within the Contentnea watershed of North Carolina.

    Wright, C.J.,1 and S.W. Alberty.2 1U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Athens, GA 30605 USA; 2OAO Corporation, Athens, GA 30605 USA.

    Legislation mandating riparian bu...

  14. The Impact of High-Stakes Testing on Teachers and Students in North Carolina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, M. Gail; Jones, Brett D.; Hardin, Belinda; Chapman, Lisa; Yarbrough, Tracie; Davis, Marcia

    1999-01-01

    Under North Carolina's ABC's accountability program, public schools are labeled "exemplary,""meets expectations,""adequate performance," or "low performance." Teachers are given $1,500 bonuses if their schools exceed expectations. A survey found that mandated tests increased student anxiety and negatively influenced instructional strategies and…

  15. Landowners' Knowledge, Attitudes, and Aspirations towards Woody Biomass Markets in North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaw, Jasmine; Hazel, Dennis; Bardon, Robert; Jayaratne, K. S. U.

    2012-01-01

    Non-industrial private forest (NIPF) landowners are often not included in discussions of emerging woody biomass markets for energy, yet they will likely be principal suppliers of the resource. Surveys administered to 475 forest landowners before and after an Extension Forestry education program in 10 counties across North Carolina indicated that…

  16. Commercialization in North Carolina High Schools: A Survey of Principals' Perceptions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Di Bona, Joseph; Chaudhuri, Rittik; Jean-Baptiste, Joshua; Menachem, Peter; Wurzburg, Meggan

    2003-01-01

    Surveyed North Carolina high school principals to explore their views on schoolhouse commercialism (both the propriety and the utility of having a commercial presence at school). Principals viewed commercialism as a way to improve their schools, and thus, their students' education. Although businesses, principals, and students appeared to be…

  17. Institutional Determinants of Labor Market Outcomes for Community College Students in North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalleberg, Arne L.; Dunn, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Objective: The labor market success of community college students depends on both the attributes of individual students and the characteristics of the community colleges they attend. In this article, we examine the impact of community college characteristics on the earnings of first-time college students who enrolled in the North Carolina

  18. 78 FR 70093 - Notice of Final Federal Agency Actions on Proposed Highway in North Carolina

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-22

    ... of North Carolina: Pea Island Long-Term Improvements for Phase IIa of the Bonner Bridge Replacement... approximately 2.1 miles in length to replace the existing surface road and the temporary bridge over the Pea Island inlet. The total approximate length of Phase IIa (including approaches) is 2.4 miles. Pea...

  19. Developing Schools' Capacity for Evaluating Technology Projects: Lessons Learned from the North Carolina IMPACT Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knestis, Kirk; Byrom, Elizabeth; Corn, Jenifer O.; Thrift, Beth

    2007-01-01

    In 2002, the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction (DPI) initiated an innovative and ambitious program for improving student learning through the effective use of instructional technology. Until that point, most technology projects in schools were geared toward integrating technology into the curriculum, and they tended to focus on…

  20. An Evaluation of the North Carolina Annual Report on School Violence: Scientific Realism in Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carruthers, William L.; Stacey, Dennis

    To analyze perceptions of what constitutes a safe school. different perceptions of what constitutes a safe school, an assessment of the first 4 years of North Carolina's Annual Report on School Violence (ARSV) is reported here. The ARSV is a collection of data on specific acts of violence occurring on school property. Data on acts of violence were…

  1. Predictors of Successful Nursing Education Outcomes: A Study of the North Carolina Central University's Nursing Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ukpabi, Chinasa Victor

    2008-01-01

    The primary purpose of this study was to specify the variables that would play the greatest role in predicting success of North Carolina Central University (NCCU) nursing graduates in the National Certification Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN). Participants for this study include a convenience sample of 39 students who…

  2. Assessment of College and University Campus Tobacco-Free Policies in North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Joseph G. L.; Goldstein, Adam O.; Klein, Elizabeth G.; Ranney, Leah M.; Carver, Ashlea M.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To develop a reliable and efficient method for assessing prevalence and strength of college/university tobacco-related policies. Participants: North Carolina (NC) public universities, community colleges, and private colleges/universities (N = 110). Methods: A census of policies using campus handbooks and Web sites was conducted in March…

  3. Carbonaceous aerosol over a Pinus taeda forest in Central North Carolina, USA

    EPA Science Inventory

    Organic aerosol is the least understood component of ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5). Presented in this study are organic and elemental carbon (OC and EC) within ambient PM2.5 over a three-year period at a forested site in the North Carolina Piedmon. EC exhibited signifi...

  4. Assessment of College and University Campus Tobacco-Free Policies in North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Joseph G. L.; Goldstein, Adam O.; Klein, Elizabeth G.; Ranney, Leah M.; Carver, Ashlea M.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To develop a reliable and efficient method for assessing prevalence and strength of college/university tobacco-related policies. Participants: North Carolina (NC) public universities, community colleges, and private colleges/universities (N = 110). Methods: A census of policies using campus handbooks and Web sites was conducted in March…

  5. 76 FR 59250 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; North Carolina: Clean Smokestacks Act

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-26

    ... mountains and other scenic vistas, and reducing acid rain. EPA notes that all areas in the State that were... attaining data based on the 2008-2010 design value period. See 76 FR 20293 (April 12, 2011). North Carolina... determines that the areas meet all of the CAA requirements for redesignation to attainment. See 75 FR...

  6. 76 FR 36468 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; North Carolina: Clean Smokestacks Act

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-22

    ..., improving visibility in the mountains and other scenic vistas, and reducing acid rain. Reducing NO X and SO... value period. See 76 FR 20293 (April 12, 2011). North Carolina has identified the CSA as part of its... requirements for redesignation to attainment. See 75 FR 54 (January 4, 2010) and 75 FR 230 (January 5,...

  7. Surviving the Silver Tsunami: Training a Health Care Workforce to Care for North Carolina's Aging Population.

    PubMed

    Heflin, Mitchell T

    2016-01-01

    North Carolina's aging population will require a health care workforce prepared to meet patients' complex care needs. The keys to training this workforce include continuing to mobilize the state's educational infrastructure to provide interprofessional, community-based experiences and maximizing exposure to new models of care. PMID:26961830

  8. Knocking at the College Door: Projections of High School Graduates. North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, 2013

    2013-01-01

    National and regional trends mask important variation among states in the supply of high school graduates. This profile provides brief indicators for North Carolina related to: current levels of educational attainment, projections of high school graduates into the future, and two common barriers to student access and success--insufficient academic…

  9. Assessment of the Adoption of Agroforestry Technologies by Limited-Resource Farmers in North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Faulkner, Paula E.; Owooh, Bismark; Idassi, Joshua

    2014-01-01

    Agroforestry is a natural resource management system that integrates trees, forages, and livestock. The study reported here was conducted to determine farmers' knowledge about and willingness to adopt agroforestry technologies in North Carolina. The study reported participants were primarily older, male farmers, suggesting the need to attract…

  10. School Discipline Policies in North Carolina. A Follow-Up Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Governor's Advocacy Council on Children and Youth, Raleigh, NC.

    This report presents the findings and recommendations of a follow-up to a 1981 survey of school discipline policies in 144 public school systems in North Carolina. Much progress since 1982 is reported, but the districts need to review and revise their policies and practices. The six central sections of the report focus on these topics: student…

  11. 78 FR 37549 - Cooperative Agreement To Support the North Carolina State University, Prestage Department of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-21

    ...The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing its intention to receive and consider a single-source application for the award of a cooperative agreement in fiscal year 2013 (FY13) to the North Carolina State University, Prestage Department of Poultry Science and the Piedmont Research Station Poultry Unit located in Salisbury, NC. Egg-associated illness due to Salmonella is a major......

  12. Allied Health Education/Transfer of Credit: Recommendations of the North Carolina Articulation Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boatman, Ralph H., Ed.; Huther, John W., Ed.

    The North Carolina Allied Health Articulation Project was launched to develop procedures which would enable an individual to transfer credit from an allied health education program in one setting to some program in higher education. In 1972-73, study committees were appointed to deal with the allied health professions of physical therapy,…

  13. NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOLS, A STATUS REPORT OF THE PROGRAM FOR TRAINABLE MENTALLY RETARDED CHILDREN.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BARKER, FELIX S.

    THE NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION CONDUCTED A SURVEY DESIGNED TO EVALUATE THE PRESENT EFFECTIVENESS OF THE PROGRAM FOR TRAINABLE MENTALLY RETARDED (TMR) CHILDREN AND TO AID IN FUTURE PLANNING. OF 154 QUESTIONNAIRES DISTRIBUTED, 116 WERE RETURNED AND ASSESSED, ALONG WITH FORMS FOR TMR CLASSES FILED WITH THE DEPARTMENT. DATA…

  14. Desegregation, Accountability, and Equality: North Carolina and the Nation, 1971-2002

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Scott; Myers, Anthony; Vasquez, Brittany

    2014-01-01

    Using North Carolina as a lens to illuminate broader national developments, this paper examines how and why educational policy in the United States turned away from a civil rights agenda of opportunity and embraced test-based accountability as a way of promoting racial equality. We show that comprehensive desegregation, enforcement of the Civil…

  15. 76 FR 43167 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plan; North Carolina; Disapproval of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-20

    ... interstate transport (i.e., 110(a)(2)(D)(i)(I)) for the 2006 PM 2.5 NAAQS. See 76 FR 4592. A summary of the... (See 70 FR 25162), required states to reduce emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides that... Rule,'' 75 FR 45210 (August 2, 2010). On September 21, 2009, the State of North Carolina, through...

  16. Vocational Education and Corrections: An Assessment of Opportunities and Needs in North Carolina. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davison, Pamela

    A study was done to determine North Carolina inmates' vocational education/training needs, parolees' and ex-offenders' employment opportunities, and available vocational education/training resources. To determine vocational educational needs, a survey was conducted of inmates at seventeen correctional units (for adults and for youth). Estimates of…

  17. Selected Indicators of Adolescent Sexual Behavior: Results from the 1993 North Carolina Youth Risk Behavior Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mikow, Victoria A.

    One major challenge facing adolescents concerns choices about sex. The results of this survey indicate that the majority of North Carolina's high school students are sexually active. As a group, males generally reported a higher rate of sexual involvement and more sexual partners than females at all grade levels. Black students appear to be a…

  18. A Matter of Facts: The North Carolina Community College System Fact Book.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Dept. of Community Colleges, Raleigh. Div. of Planning and Research Services.

    This five-part report offers background information and current data on the programs, finances, facilities, students, and personnel of the North Carolina Community College System (NCCCS). Section I presents an overview of the system, including general information on the NCCCS's mission, history, programs, governance, funding, the NCCC Foundation,…

  19. The Downside of Adolescent Employment: Hazards and Injuries among Working Teens in North Carolina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evensen, Christian T.; Schulman, Michael D.; Runyan, Carol W.; Zakocs, Ronda C.; Dunn, Kathleen A.

    2000-01-01

    Surveys teenagers employed in three different retail trade settings in North Carolina to examines how experience, gender, work settings, and pace of work are associated with hazard exposures and injury experiences. Discusses evidence that work-place pressure and hazard exposure are associated with types of injury experiences, in light of…

  20. Alcohol-Related Morbidity and Mortality in North Carolina. SCHS Studies No. 41.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buescher, Paul A.; Patetta, Michael J.

    This document presents data from a variety of secondary sources in an attempt to document that alcohol abuse is a serious problem in North Carolina, resulting in sickness, medical care use, death, and substantial economic costs. The primary source of data presented in this report is the Medical Examiner data system, which contains information for…

  1. Two Decades of Success: North Carolina State University's NC-MSEN Pre-College Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Kay; Williams, Braska, Jr.

    2008-01-01

    For almost twenty-five years, North Carolina State University has helped to coordinate a state-wide Mathematics and Science Education Network Pre-College Program that serves disadvantaged youth in grades six through twelve. The university-school partnership includes middle school and high school academic enrichment in math, science, and…

  2. Disaster Down East: Using Participatory Action Research to Explore Intimate Partner Violence in Eastern North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frasier, Pamela York; Belton, Leigh; Hooten, Elizabeth; Campbell, Marci Kramish; DeVellis, Brenda; Benedict, Salli; Carrillo, Carla; Gonzalez, Pam; Kelsey, Kristine; Meier, Andrea

    2004-01-01

    In the aftermath of Hurricane Floyd in 1999, a Community Advisory Committee requested assistance from its university partners (University of North Carolina) to address stress and increased risk for intimate partner violence (IPV). Collected from 12 study work sites, baseline data indicated that IPV rates were higher among blue-collar women in…

  3. Facilitator's Role in Collaborative Rural Development: The North Carolina Rural Employment Laboratory. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MDC, Inc., Chapel Hill, NC.

    The Facilitator's Role in Collaborative Rural Development Project began in 1979 as a study of 12 rural development efforts which comprised the North Carolina Rural Employment Laboratory and was expanded in 1980-81 to include rural development in 6 other states (California, Kentucky, Maine, Massachusetts, Oklahoma, and Vermont). A wide range of…

  4. North Carolina Community College System Performance Measures and Standards and Performance Funding.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Community Coll. System, Raleigh.

    Reports on North Carolina Community College System's performance measures and standards and performance funding process. The twelve performance measures for 2000-2001 are: progress of basic skills students; passing rates for licensure and certification examinations; goal completion of program completers and non-completers; employment status of…

  5. Understanding Effective Higher Education Programs in Prisons: Considerations from the Incarcerated Individuals Program in North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anders, Allison Daniel; Noblit, George W.

    2011-01-01

    The North Carolina Workplace and Community Transition Youth Offender Program (YOP), recently renamed the Incarcerated Individuals Program (IPP), has proven to be effective in terms of its growth and expansion, the support of education directors across the correctional facilities, university collaboration, student evaluations, and a low recidivism…

  6. School Social Work in North Carolina: A Guide to Practice and Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh.

    This school social work guide is intended for student service directors, school social work practitioners, and those individuals who are interested in improving the academic and personal social outcomes of students in North Carolina. It should help sensitize school personnel to the value and appropriate use of school social workers and provide a…

  7. Learning Materials and Services at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Univ., Charlotte. J. Murrey Atkins Library.

    The Media Committee of the Atkins Library of the University of North Carolina performed a 3-month study to review the library's existing policies on media resources and services and to make recommendations for improvement and expansion. As a result, the integration of all learning materials and services at the university was proposed, with the…

  8. An Investigation into EVAAS Use and Math Placement in Middle Schools in North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gillespie, Ronald Eugene, Jr.

    2014-01-01

    In 2007, every district in North Carolina received access to EVAAS (Education Valued-Added Assessment System), a statistical tool designed to give principals a resource to make strong instructional decisions for their schools. The use of EVAAS has now worked its way into state law and its use is mandated in teacher evaluation. However, EVAAS is…

  9. Building a Professional Development System: A Case Study of North Carolina's Parenting Education Experiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryan, George M., Jr.; DeBord, Karen; Schrader, Karen

    2006-01-01

    Designing a professional development system for parent educators requires weaving together multiple pieces from within the network of organizations providing parenting education. North Carolina examined how to build a system using the influence of evidence-based programs as well as professional credentialing for parenting educators. A system built…

  10. Our North Carolina Stories Weaving Standards into a Fourth Grade Digital History Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luke, Nancy; Binkley, Russell; Marotta, Naomi; Pirkl, Melissa

    2014-01-01

    This article describes a project that helped fourth-grade students connect personally with and bring North Carolina history to life. Over the months of this project, students asked questions, investigated topics of interest that they chose, conducted in-depth research that included interviewing experts, learned to use a video editor to combine…

  11. Examining Literature on Hispanic Student Achievement in the Southeastern United States and North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parker, Michele A.; Segovia, Edelmira; Tap, Bethany

    2016-01-01

    We surveyed literature on factors that may influence Hispanic students academically including generational status, gender roles, and use of language in the Southeastern United States and North Carolina. We discuss how risk factors can be addressed (e.g., increasing awareness of risk factors, tutoring, mentoring, and after-school programs). We…

  12. The Future Role of Instructional Technology in Agricultural Education in North Carolina and Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alston, Antoine J.; Miller, W. Wade; Williams, David L.

    2003-01-01

    A stratified random sample of agriculture teachers in North Carolina (n=210) and Virginia (n=170) returned 85 and 110 usable surveys respectively. Teachers were undecided about future uses of instructional technology although they perceived benefits. Accessing Internet lesson plans was a primary use. Hardware/software costs were the principal…

  13. Diffusion of Photovoltaic Occupational Skills Training: Awareness and Adoption in the North Carolina Community Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porto, Deborah Ruth

    2012-01-01

    Educational administrators in the North Carolina Community College System (NCCCS) play a key role in the decisions to adopt or reject educational innovations and as a result are the gatekeepers of technology innovations reaching students. In this study the innovation-decision process and other aspects of the diffusion of innovation model are used…

  14. Disaster Down East: Using Participatory Action Research to Explore Intimate Partner Violence in Eastern North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frasier, Pamela York; Belton, Leigh; Hooten, Elizabeth; Campbell, Marci Kramish; DeVellis, Brenda; Benedict, Salli; Carrillo, Carla; Gonzalez, Pam; Kelsey, Kristine; Meier, Andrea

    2004-01-01

    In the aftermath of Hurricane Floyd in 1999, a Community Advisory Committee requested assistance from its university partners (University of North Carolina) to address stress and increased risk for intimate partner violence (IPV). Collected from 12 study work sites, baseline data indicated that IPV rates were higher among blue-collar women in…

  15. A Planning Information Systems Design for the State of North Carolina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennedy, F. D.; Woodside, M. B.

    This report reviews the basic characteristics of an information system to be used in statewide planning, and derives the objectives of such a system for the State of North Carolina. The design and implementation calls for three stages: (1) an initial demonstration system to provide experiences in the use and implementation of the system, (2) an…

  16. More than Child's Play: North Carolina Professor Explores the History of Dolls and Their Sociological Impact

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yates, Eleanor Lee

    2004-01-01

    For Dr. Sabrina Thomas, dolls are not just child's play. In fact, they are the subject of her research, which recently landed her a $40,000 grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities. Thomas, an assistant professor of family and consumer sciences at North Carolina Central University, was awarded the grant to write a book on the history…

  17. Outcomes of an Elementary School-Based Vision Screening Program in North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kemper, Alex R.; Helfrich, Anya; Talbot, Jennifer; Patel, Nita

    2012-01-01

    School nurses can play a key role in the detection of significant refractive error. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of a statewide school nurse vision screening program by evaluating the outcomes of screening among first, third, and fifth graders in 10 schools in North Carolina during the 2009-2010 school year. Of the 2,726…

  18. 76 FR 56465 - North Carolina; Amendment No. 5 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency North Carolina; Amendment No. 5 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration AGENCY: Federal Emergency Management Agency, DHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This notice amends...

  19. North Carolina Tobacco Farmers' Changing Perceptions of Tobacco Control and Tobacco Manufacturers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crankshaw, Erik C.; Beach, Robert H.; Austin, W. David; Altman, David G.; Jones, Alison Snow

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: To examine tobacco farmers' attitudes toward tobacco control, public health, and tobacco manufacturers in order to determine the extent to which rapidly changing economic conditions have influenced North Carolina tobacco farmer attitudes in ways that may provide tobacco control advocates with new opportunities to promote tobacco control…

  20. Selected Laws Relating to the Construction and Repair of Public School Facilities in North Carolina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh.

    Schools in North Carolina are governed by numerous laws pertaining to construction and repair. A selection of these laws is presented. Financial concerns constitute the bulk of these statutes, covering areas such as bids (financial outlay, advertisement, rejecting bids, and withdrawing bids); sources of state funds; the selling or buying of school…

  1. Our North Carolina Stories Weaving Standards into a Fourth Grade Digital History Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luke, Nancy; Binkley, Russell; Marotta, Naomi; Pirkl, Melissa

    2014-01-01

    This article describes a project that helped fourth-grade students connect personally with and bring North Carolina history to life. Over the months of this project, students asked questions, investigated topics of interest that they chose, conducted in-depth research that included interviewing experts, learned to use a video editor to combine…

  2. School Segregation under Color-Blind Jurisprudence: The Case of North Carolina. Working Paper 16

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clotfelter, Charles T.; Ladd, Helen F.; Vigdor, Jacob L.

    2008-01-01

    Using detailed administrative data for the public K-12 schools of North Carolina, we measure racial segregation in its public schools. With data for the 2005-2006 school year, we update previously published calculations that measure segregation by unevenness in racial enrollment patterns, both between schools and within schools. We find that…

  3. The Evaluation of North Carolina's State-Sponsored Youth Tobacco Prevention Media Campaign

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kandra, K. L.; McCullough, A.; Summerlin-Long, S.; Agans, R.; Ranney, L.; Goldstein, A. O.

    2013-01-01

    In 2003, the state of North Carolina (NC) implemented a multi-component initiative focused on teenage tobacco use prevention and cessation. One component of this initiative is "Tobacco.Reality.Unfiltered." ("TRU"), a tobacco prevention media campaign, aimed at NC youth aged 11-17 years. This research evaluates the first 5 years of the TRU media…

  4. Cost-effectiveness of the stream-gaging program in North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Mason, R.R.; Jackson, N.M.

    1985-01-01

    This report documents the results of a study of the cost-effectiveness of the stream-gaging program in North Carolina. Data uses and funding sources are identified for the 146 gaging stations currently operated in North Carolina with a budget of $777,600 (1984). As a result of the study, eleven stations are nominated for discontinuance and five for conversion from recording to partial-record status. Large parts of North Carolina 's Coastal Plain are identified as having sparse streamflow data. This sparsity should be remedied as funds become available. Efforts should also be directed toward defining the efforts of drainage improvements on local hydrology and streamflow characteristics. The average standard error of streamflow records in North Carolina is 18.6 percent. This level of accuracy could be improved without increasing cost by increasing the frequency of field visits and streamflow measurements at stations with high standard errors and reducing the frequency at stations with low standard errors. A minimum budget of $762,000 is required to operate the 146-gage program. A budget less than this does not permit proper service and maintenance of the gages and recorders. At the minimum budget, and with the optimum allocation of field visits, the average standard error is 17.6 percent.

  5. Preparing Future Faculty: A New Approach at North Carolina State University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Angela Lewellyn; Davis, Shannon N.; Price, Jammie

    2004-01-01

    In the fall of 2000 the Department of Sociology at North Carolina State University (NCSU) implemented a Phase IV Preparing Future Faculty (PFF) initiative. The goal of this program was (and is) to ensure that doctoral students anticipating entry into a professional position be prepared for all expectations associated with faculty life in a wide…

  6. Lawrence A. Oxley and Social Services for Blacks in North Carolina's Appalachian Counties.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bell, John L.

    This paper examines the history of the organization of statewide social services and activities of the Division of Work among Negroes in the Appalachian counties. From 1925-1934--its first 9 years--North Carolina's Division of Work among Negroes was directed by Lawrence Oxley. This agency was established to study black social problems and to help…

  7. [North Carolina Gifted and Talented Minigrant Curriculum Projects: Two Biology Projects].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brooks, Mary L.; McGrady, Katherine K.

    Overviews of two biology units for junior and senior high school gifted and talented students are presented. The Durham North Carolina City School units are entitled, "The Identification, Collection, and Control of the Japanese Beetle through the Growth of Roses and Lawn Care" and "Treasure along the Nantahala River." The first, an entomology unit…

  8. An Investigation of the Workload and Job Satisfaction of North Carolina's Special Education Directors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cash, Jennifer Brown

    2013-01-01

    Keywords: special education directors, workload, job satisfaction, special education administration. The purpose of this mixed methods research study was to investigate employee characteristics, workload, and job satisfaction of special education directors employed by local education agencies in North Carolina (N = 115). This study illuminates the…

  9. Current Trends in Early Hearing Diagnosis and Intervention in North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pretto, Aneesha Patrice

    2010-01-01

    In North Carolina, the eligibility criteria for enrollment in Part C early intervention services do not exclude infants and toddlers based on the severity or laterality of hearing loss. As such, the state's early intervention population represents a widely diverse array of children ranging from those with minimal to profound hearing losses. While…

  10. Factors Influencing the Intent of North Carolina Agricultural Educators To Adopt Agricultural Biotechnology Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Elizabeth; Kirby, Barbara; Flowers, Jim

    2002-01-01

    North Carolina secondary agriculture teachers (n=126) recognized the benefits of integrating biotechnology. Funding, equipment, and teacher knowledge were the greatest barriers to integration. Those most likely to teach biotechnology have some training and believe that the state-adopted integration course fulfills their curriculum needs. (Contains…

  11. Examining the Effects of School Composition on North Carolina Student Achievement over Time

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southworth, Stephanie

    2010-01-01

    This study explores the effects of school-level characteristics on North Carolina students' reading and math achievement from fourth through eighth grade, focusing on the relationships between achievement and the racial and poverty composition of schools. After creating race-by-poverty cohorts of schools, I use multilevel models to examine math…

  12. Analyses of the Impact of School Uniforms on Violence in North Carolina Public High Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Wesley Scott

    2010-01-01

    This study incorporated a multiple-methods design utilizing both quantitative and qualitative data. The quantitative portion investigated several annual reports distributed by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction (NCDPI) to explore the impact of school uniform policies on incidents of crime and violence and occurrences of…

  13. Rural Housing Site Planning in North Carolina. Agricultural Extension Publication 105.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hester, Randolph T., Jr.; And Others

    Addressing the problems of rural housing site selection and development in North Carolina, this guide is designed for cooperative and coordinated use by: technical assistance personnel employed by the Farmers Home Administration; local lending institutions; Health Departments; the Agricultural Extension Service; the Soil Conservation Service; and…

  14. Job-Related Stress and Sleep Disorders among North Carolina College Presidents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Royal, Patricia; Grobe, William J.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was threefold. First, the study was to determine the extent of job-related stress among North Carolina community college presidents. Second, the study was to determine the extent of sleep disorders that exist in the target population. And finally, the study was to measure, if any, the relationship between job-related…

  15. Brief reconnaissance study for the addition of hydropower for Mayodan Dam, Mayodan, North Carolina

    SciTech Connect

    Gebhard, Jr., T. G.

    1982-09-09

    The feasibility of retrofitting the Mayodan Dam near Mayodan, North Carolina for power generation was examined. This dam, which has a developable head of 20 ft., was built in 1920 for impounding a small run-of-the-river water reservoir. The study of environmental, institutional, safety and economic factors showed that hydroelectric power development at this site appears to be economically feasible. (LCL)

  16. The Difference Between Potential and Achieved Academic Performance of Freshmen Residents at North Carolina State University.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Viehe, John Henry

    Differences in academic performance of residents in the various sections and dormitories during the fall semester 1974 at North Carolina State University were studied. Other study objectives were as follows: to develop a methodology to measure academic performance of freshmen residents adjusted for ability, sex, and differential grading…

  17. EFFECT OF PLANTING DATE, MEPIQUAT CHLORIDE, AND GLYPHOSATE APPLICATION TO GLYPHOSATE RESISTANT COTTON IN NORTH CAROLINA

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Field studies were conducted near Rocky Mount, North Carolina in 2001, 2002, and 2003. Objectives were to determine if planting date affected the ability of glyphosate resistant (GR) cotton to compensate for fruit loss from glyphosate and evaluate mepiquat chloride’s (MC) contribution to fruiting c...

  18. Does Private School Competition Affect Public School Achievement? An Analysis of North Carolina Data.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howard, Eric S.

    This report describes a study conducted to determine if there were any applicable effects from private-school competition on public-school student achievement in North Carolina. The study examined multiple student outcomes, including elementary and secondary student achievement results, student dropout rates, and high school student achievement…

  19. 76 FR 19096 - National Starch and Chemical Company, Salisbury, Rowan County, North Carolina; Notice of Correction

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-06

    ... AGENCY National Starch and Chemical Company, Salisbury, Rowan County, North Carolina; Notice of... Liability Act (CERCLA), concerning the National Starch and Chemical Company Site located in Salisbury, Rowan..., identified by Docket ID No. EPA-RO4- SFUND-2011-0278 or Site name National Starch and Chemical...

  20. Critical Success Factors, 2003 for the North Carolina Community College System. Fourteenth Annual Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Community Coll. System, Raleigh.

    This document is the fourteenth annual report on the critical successes of the North Carolina Community Colleges published in July 2003. The purpose of this document is to report on the performance measures for purposes of accountability and performance funding. Furthermore, the annual report serves as an evaluation instrument for the System…

  1. Critical Success Factors for the North Carolina Community College System, 2002. Thirteenth Annual Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Community Coll. System, Raleigh.

    This document, the thirteenth annual report of the North Carolina Community College System, details the critical success factors of students in the state's community colleges. The report is the result of a process undertaken to streamline and simplify accountability reporting by the Community College System. The purpose of the report is two-fold.…

  2. North Carolina Family Assessment Scale: Measurement Properties for Youth Mental Health Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Bethany R.; Lindsey, Michael A.

    2010-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of this study is to assess the reliability and validity of the North Carolina Family Assessment Scale (NCFAS) among families involved with youth mental health services. Methods: Using NCFAS data collected by child mental health intake workers with 158 families, factor analysis was conducted to assess factor structure, and…

  3. 2009-2010 Seasonal Influenza Vaccination Coverage among College Students from 8 Universities in North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poehling, Katherine A.; Blocker, Jill; Ip, Edward H.; Peters, Timothy R.; Wolfson, Mark

    2012-01-01

    Objective: The authors sought to describe the 2009-2010 seasonal influenza vaccine coverage of college students. Participants: A total of 4,090 college students from 8 North Carolina universities participated in a confidential, Web-based survey in October-November 2009. Methods: Associations between self-reported 2009-2010 seasonal influenza…

  4. Maize Debris Increases Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus Severity in North Carolina Winter Wheat

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    In the eastern U.S., wheat is often planted with minimal or no tillage into maize residues. We conducted a field experiment in the North Carolina Piedmont to compare the effects of three maize residue treatments (unchopped, chopped, and removed) on Fusarium head blight (FHB) in two winter wheat cul...

  5. 77 FR 26474 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; North Carolina; Charlotte; Ozone 2002 Base...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-04

    ... 12, 2008, EPA issued a revised ozone NAAQS. See 73 FR 16436. The current action, however, is being... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; North Carolina; Charlotte; Ozone.... SUMMARY: EPA is proposing to approve the ozone 2002 base year emissions inventory portion of the...

  6. Use of big data by Blue Cross and Blue Shield of North Carolina.

    PubMed

    Helm-Murtagh, Susan C

    2014-01-01

    The health care industry is grappling with the challenges of working with and analyzing large, complex, diverse data sets. Blue Cross and Blue Shield of North Carolina provides several promising examples of how big data can be used to reduce the cost of care, to predict and manage health risks, and to improve clinical outcomes. PMID:24830494

  7. 75 FR 17792 - North Carolina Disaster # NC-00025 Declaration of Economic Injury

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-07

    ... ADMINISTRATION North Carolina Disaster NC-00025 Declaration of Economic Injury AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This is a notice of an Economic Injury Disaster Loan (EIDL) declaration... the Administrator's EIDL declaration, applications for economic injury disaster loans may be filed...

  8. DIRECT PERSONAL COARSE PARTICULATE MATTER CONCENTRATIONS ASSOCIATED WITH THE NORTH CAROLINA ADULT ASTHMA AND ENVIRONMENT STUDY.

    EPA Science Inventory

    A prototype coarse particulate matter PM(10-2.5) monitor was field evaluated as part of the North Carolina Adult Asthma and Environment Study (NCAAES). The NCAAES was designed to evaluate if airway and blood inflammatory markers in moderate asthmatic adults vary with changes in ...

  9. MULTIMEDIA CHEMICAL ANALYSIS PLAN FOR CHILDREN'S AGGREGATE EXPOSURE FIELD STUDIES IN NORTH CAROLINA AND OHIO

    EPA Science Inventory

    The samples collected in the CTEPP North Carolina and Ohio field campaigns were analyzed for a suite of organic chemicals in various compound classes, chosen because of their possible carcinogenicity, acute or chronic toxicity, or potential for endocrine system disruption. The...

  10. Unblocking Occluded Genres in Graduate Writing: Thesis and Dissertation Support Services at North Carolina State University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Autry, Meagan Kittle; Carter, Michael

    2015-01-01

    In 2013, the Graduate School at North Carolina State University launched Thesis and Dissertation Support Services, a rhetorical, genre-based approach to assisting students with their graduate writing. Through a description of the program's founding, goals, and first year of services, we summarize this genre-based approach that is informed by the…

  11. Advisory List of Instructional Media for the Study of North Carolina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Educational Media.

    This annotated bibliography from the Materials Review and Evaluation Services lists reviewed and evaluated instructional media appropriate for school media centers on the study of North Carolina. Educators should bear in mind that materials included in this list were selected from those which publishers chose to submit for evaluation and may…

  12. Analyses of the Impact of School Uniforms on Violence in North Carolina Public High Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Wesley Scott

    2010-01-01

    This study incorporated a multiple-methods design utilizing both quantitative and qualitative data. The quantitative portion investigated several annual reports distributed by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction (NCDPI) to explore the impact of school uniform policies on incidents of crime and violence and occurrences of…

  13. An Analysis of North Carolina's Rural Health Problems as Perceived by County Rural Development Panels.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamilton, Vance E., Comp.

    A State Task Force on Rural Health was formed (January 1973) by the State Rural Development Committee to identify and analyze major rural health problems in North Carolina and to recommend alleviation strategies. The Task Force submitted open-ended questionnaires to members of the County Rural Development Panels to secure their perceptions of…

  14. Vertical distribution of benthic infauna in continental slope sediments off Cape Lookout, North Carolina

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blake, James A.

    The vertical distribution of 30 species of benthic infauna from continental slope (583-3000 m) sediments off Cape Lookout, North Carolina was closely correlated with feeding types. Carnivores, omnivores, filter feeders, and surface deposit feeders were mostly concentrated in the upper 0-2 cm of the cores. The depth distribution of subsurface deposit feeders was more variable, even among related taxa.

  15. The Effects of School Wide Bonuses on Student Achievement: Regression Discontinuity Evidence from North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lauen, Douglas Lee

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the incentive effects of North Carolina's practice of awarding performance bonuses on test score achievement on the state tests. Bonuses were awarded based solely on whether a school exceeds a threshold on a continuous performance metric. The study uses a sharp regression discontinuity design, an approach with strong internal…

  16. Co-Op Step Teacher Education in Action at Saint Andrews Presbyterian College, Laurinburg, North Carolina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saint Andrews Presbyterian Coll., Laurinburg, NC.

    The Cooperative Services for Teacher Education Projects (Co-Op) program is the 1970 Distinguished Achievement Award Entry from St. Andrews Presbyterian College, Laurinburg, North Carolina. The objectives of the program are a) the provision for a student teaching internship that is an integral part of the cooperating public school units and b) the…

  17. 2009-2010 Seasonal Influenza Vaccination Coverage among College Students from 8 Universities in North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poehling, Katherine A.; Blocker, Jill; Ip, Edward H.; Peters, Timothy R.; Wolfson, Mark

    2012-01-01

    Objective: The authors sought to describe the 2009-2010 seasonal influenza vaccine coverage of college students. Participants: A total of 4,090 college students from 8 North Carolina universities participated in a confidential, Web-based survey in October-November 2009. Methods: Associations between self-reported 2009-2010 seasonal influenza…

  18. Labor Market Returns to Community College: Evidence from North Carolina. Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Belfield, Clive; Liu, Yuen Ting; Trimble, Madeline Joy

    2014-01-01

    In this brief, we summarize our research on the wage returns to community college pathways in North Carolina. We use detailed individual and college transcript information on approximately 830,000 students who attended community college during the 2000s. This transcript data is matched with earnings data from Unemployment Insurance records. We…

  19. Revisioning a School Administrator Preparation Program: A North Carolina Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Joy C.

    2013-01-01

    This article provides a descriptive case study of the process used at one of North Carolina's public universities to respond to a state-mandated "revisioning" directive for educational leadership preparation programs. The case provides an overview of the state educational leadership policy context, discussion of state and local…

  20. North Carolina FHA/HERO Proficiency Event Handbook 1988-1990. "Students Taking Action for Recognition."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Vocational Education.

    This handbook is designed to provide opportunities for members of the North Carolina Association of Future Homemakers of America (FHA) to demonstrate their proficiency with the competencies they have developed through participation in FHA and the home economics education program. The 25 events are designed to help develop lifetime skills in…

  1. Engaged Scholarship at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill: Campus Integration and Faculty Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blanchard, Lynn W.; Strauss, Ronald P.; Webb, Lucille

    2012-01-01

    The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill undertook faculty development activities to increase awareness of community-engaged scholarship through campus dialogue and by assisting faculty members in acquiring skills for community-engaged scholarship. This article presents a case report describing activities and their impact. The activities…

  2. Local School Finance in North Carolina. A Yardstick for Measuring Local Support of Our Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Public School Forum of North Carolina, Raleigh.

    This document presents the results of a Forum study of local financial support of schools. The primary objective was to devise a yardstick to measure the local effort in a way useful to both citizens and policymakers. Data on property wealth for each of the 140 local school systems in North Carolina were developed. School systems making the…

  3. 33 CFR 165.515 - Safety Zone: Cape Fear River, Wilmington, North Carolina.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Safety Zone: Cape Fear River... § 165.515 Safety Zone: Cape Fear River, Wilmington, North Carolina. (a) Location. The following area is a safety zone: (1) The waters of the Cape Fear River bounded by a line connecting the...

  4. 33 CFR 165.515 - Safety Zone: Cape Fear River, Wilmington, North Carolina.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Safety Zone: Cape Fear River... § 165.515 Safety Zone: Cape Fear River, Wilmington, North Carolina. (a) Location. The following area is a safety zone: (1) The waters of the Cape Fear River bounded by a line connecting the...

  5. 33 CFR 165.515 - Safety Zone: Cape Fear River, Wilmington, North Carolina.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Safety Zone: Cape Fear River... § 165.515 Safety Zone: Cape Fear River, Wilmington, North Carolina. (a) Location. The following area is a safety zone: (1) The waters of the Cape Fear River bounded by a line connecting the...

  6. 33 CFR 165.515 - Safety Zone: Cape Fear River, Wilmington, North Carolina.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Safety Zone: Cape Fear River... § 165.515 Safety Zone: Cape Fear River, Wilmington, North Carolina. (a) Location. The following area is a safety zone: (1) The waters of the Cape Fear River bounded by a line connecting the...

  7. 33 CFR 165.515 - Safety Zone: Cape Fear River, Wilmington, North Carolina.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Safety Zone: Cape Fear River... § 165.515 Safety Zone: Cape Fear River, Wilmington, North Carolina. (a) Location. The following area is a safety zone: (1) The waters of the Cape Fear River bounded by a line connecting the...

  8. 76 FR 1663 - Notice of Final Federal Agency Actions on Proposed Highway in North Carolina

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-11

    ...). This final agency action relates to a proposed highway project, Bonner Bridge Replacement Project along... (ROD) identifies the Parallel Bridge with NC 12 Transportation Management Plan as the selected... Decision (ROD) for the following highway project in the State of North Carolina: The Bonner...

  9. Arts Education K-12: Teacher Handbook. North Carolina Competency-Based Curriculum Subject-by-Subject.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapman, Barbara Holland

    The North Carolina arts education curriculum encompasses K-12 programs in dance, folk arts, music, theater arts, and visual arts. It is designed to provide a scope and sequence which encourages students to develop the essential senses of sight, hearing, smell, taste, touch, and kinetic awareness. It provides opportunities to develop thinking…

  10. Single- and Multi-Prime Contracting in North Carolina Public Construction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bluestein, Frayda S.

    1995-01-01

    The North Carolina General Assembly directed the State Building Commission to study the comparative costs of multi- and single-prime contracting and report the results to the 1995 General Assembly. Describes the analysis of data collected from governmental units that had awarded construction contracts. Identifies some alternative contracting…

  11. 77 FR 62159 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; North Carolina Portion of the Charlotte...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-12

    ..., 13510) and the November 29, 2005 Phase 2 8-hour ozone standard implementation rule (70 FR 71612, 71650... 1997 8-hour ozone national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) for the North Carolina portion of the... (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Do not submit through...

  12. The Evaluation of North Carolina's State-Sponsored Youth Tobacco Prevention Media Campaign

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kandra, K. L.; McCullough, A.; Summerlin-Long, S.; Agans, R.; Ranney, L.; Goldstein, A. O.

    2013-01-01

    In 2003, the state of North Carolina (NC) implemented a multi-component initiative focused on teenage tobacco use prevention and cessation. One component of this initiative is "Tobacco.Reality.Unfiltered." ("TRU"), a tobacco prevention media campaign, aimed at NC youth aged 11-17 years. This research evaluates the first 5 years of the TRU media…

  13. Merit Aid in North Carolina: A Case Study of a "Nonevent"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ness, Erik C.; Mistretta, Molly A.

    2010-01-01

    Since the adoption of Georgia's HOPE (Helping Outstanding Pupils Educationally) scholarship program, seven additional Southeastern states have adopted similar merit-based financial aid programs, most of which are also funded by state lotteries. This study examines why North Carolina after adopting a state lottery in 2005 did not allocate its…

  14. [North Carolina Gifted and Talented Minigrant Curriculum Projects: Two Microcomputer Projects].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parrish, Ronald; Baker, Reginald

    Computer awareness and literacy programs for gifted and talented high school students were developed at two Washington City Schools (North Carolina). At Carteret High School, a variety of computer programs were purchased for biology and physics studies, trigonometry and algebra studies, aptitude and merit exam preparation, basic skills math…

  15. North Carolina Today and Tomorrow, Vol. 8: Peoples' Views on Community Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christenson, James A.

    Using the Guttman scale of quality and availability of community services, two mail surveys probing 46 community services via a 1/1000 proportional sample based on the total population in each of North Carolina's 100 counties and a county sample (an average of 88 responses out of 150 questionnaires per county) were ranked by county and social…

  16. Air Emissions from Organic Soil Burning on the Coastal Plain of North Carolina

    EPA Science Inventory

    Emissions of trace gases and particles <10 and 2.5 microns aerodynamic diameter (PM10 and PM2.5, respectively) from fires during 2009-2011 on the North Carolina coastal plain were collected and analyzed. Carbon mass balance techniques were used to quantify emission factors (EFs)....

  17. The New Gateway, an Old Paradox: Immigrants and Involuntary Americans in North Carolina History Textbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hilburn, Jeremy; Fitchett, Paul G.

    2012-01-01

    The authors conducted a content analysis of North Carolina history textbooks to explore how the definition of immigration has changed over the last century. They also examined how immigrant groups and involuntary Americans have been portrayed throughout the state's history. Findings suggest that as a burgeoning gateway state for immigrants, North…

  18. Predictors of Successful Nursing Education Outcomes: A Study of the North Carolina Central University's Nursing Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ukpabi, Chinasa Victor

    2008-01-01

    The primary purpose of this study was to specify the variables that would play the greatest role in predicting success of North Carolina Central University (NCCU) nursing graduates in the National Certification Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN). Participants for this study include a convenience sample of 39 students who…

  19. Policy Adoption in North Carolina and Tennessee: A Comparative Case Study of Lottery Beneficiaries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ness, Erik C.; Mistretta, Molly A.

    2009-01-01

    This study analyzes the policy process through which two states determined education beneficiary programs of newly adopted state lotteries. Tennessee, in 2003, followed the regional pattern of allocating all lottery proceeds to merit-based college scholarships. North Carolina, in 2005, bucked this trend by allotting no lottery revenue for merit…

  20. What Are the Differences between Effective and Ineffective Charter Schools in North Carolina?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stone, Cedric L.

    2010-01-01

    This purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the North Carolina charter schools. The variables were chosen based on the researcher's inference from literature reviews discussing common factors from qualitative charter school studies. The indicators were used to determine if charter schools could be categorized as effective or…