Science.gov

Sample records for nuclear liability insurance

  1. Spent nuclear fuel disposal liability insurance

    SciTech Connect

    Martin, D.W.

    1984-01-01

    This thesis examines the social efficiency of nuclear power when the risks of accidental releases of spent fuel radionuclides from a spent fuel disposal facility are considered. The analysis consists of two major parts. First, a theoretical economic model of the use of nuclear power including the risks associated with releases of radionuclides from a disposal facility is developed. Second, the costs of nuclear power, including the risks associated with a radionuclide release, are empirically compared to the costs of fossil fuel-fired generation of electricity. Under the provisions of the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982, the federally owned and operated spent nuclear fuel disposal facility is not required to maintain a reserve fund to cover damages from an accidental radionuclide release. Thus, the risks of a harmful radionuclide release are not included in the spent nuclear fuel disposal fee charged to the electric utilities. Since the electric utilities do not pay the full, social costs of spent fuel disposal, they use nuclear fuel in excess of the social optimum. An insurance mechanism is proposed to internalize the risks associated with spent fueled disposal. Under this proposal, the Federal government is required to insure the disposal facility against any liabilities arising from accidental releases of spent fuel radionuclides.

  2. 75 FR 16645 - Increase in the Primary Nuclear Liability Insurance Premium

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-02

    ...The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is amending its regulations that govern financial protection requirements and indemnity agreements to increase the primary nuclear liability insurance layer from $300 million to $375 million for liability insurance coverage in the event of nuclear incidents at licensed, operating, commercial nuclear power plants with a rated capacity of 100,000 kW or......

  3. 33 CFR 401.23 - Liability insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Liability insurance. 401.23....23 Liability insurance. (a) It is a condition of approval of an application for preclearance that the vessel is covered by liability insurance equal to or exceeding $100 per gross registered ton. (b)...

  4. 29 CFR 18.411 - Liability insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Liability insurance. 18.411 Section 18.411 Labor Office of... OF ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGES Rules of Evidence Relevancy and Its Limits § 18.411 Liability insurance... evidence of insurance against liability when offered for another purpose, such as proof of...

  5. 29 CFR 18.411 - Liability insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Liability insurance. 18.411 Section 18.411 Labor Office of... OF ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGES Rules of Evidence Relevancy and Its Limits § 18.411 Liability insurance... evidence of insurance against liability when offered for another purpose, such as proof of...

  6. 33 CFR 401.23 - Liability insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Liability insurance. 401.23....23 Liability insurance. (a) It is a condition of approval of an application for preclearance that the vessel is covered by liability insurance equal to or exceeding $100 per gross registered ton. (b)...

  7. Liability Insurance in California Public Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

    In the mid-1970s, an increased number of high-cost liability lawsuits combined with other financial difficulties insurance companies were experiencing to cause drastic increases in insurance rates for schools and a reluctance on the part of insurance carriers to provide liability coverage. Questionnaires returned by county and district school…

  8. Causes of the liability insurance crisis.

    PubMed

    Harrington, S; Litan, R E

    1988-02-12

    In this article the reasons for recent dramatic premium increases for liability insurance are explored by examination of available data on industry premiums, losses, and expenses. The suggestions that the premium increases were primarily caused by collusion among insurers, cyclical behavior, or systematic errors in forecasting losses are rejected. Instead, the evidence indicates that the jump in liability insurance premiums is most plausibly due to the growth in the discounted value of expected liability losses. PMID:3340855

  9. Trouble with Your Liability Insurance? Here's Why.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    AGB Reports, 1985

    1985-01-01

    The insurance industry is in trouble, which means problems for colleges and universities--especially in the area of liability insurance. Some strategies for higher education are discussed, including risk-management programs, self-insurance, catastrophic or excess insurance, and risk-management consortia. (MLW)

  10. Questions to Ask Your Liability Insurance Broker

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neugebauer, Roger

    2006-01-01

    This paper discusses some important questions to ask an insurance broker regarding liability insurance. The author based these questions on his interviews with Kathryn Hammerback, Craig Hammer, and Mike North: (1) Are centers covered when...?; (2) How can a center director cut costs on this policy?; (3) Is this an "occurrence" or a "claims-made"…

  11. Analysis of your professional liability insurance policy.

    PubMed

    SADUSK, J F; HASSARD, H; WATERSON, R

    1958-01-01

    The most important lessons for the physician to learn in regard to his professional liability insurance coverage are the following:1. The physician should carefully read his professional liability policy and should secure the educated aid of his attorney and his insurance broker, if they are conversant with this field.2. He should particularly read the definition of coverage and carefully survey the exclusion clauses which may deny him coverage under certain circumstances.3. If the physician is in partnership or in a group, he should be certain that he has contingent partnership coverage.4. The physician should accept coverage only from an insurance carrier of sufficient size and stability that he can be sure his coverage will be guaranteed for "latent liability" claims as the years go along-certainly for his lifetime.5. The insurance carrier offering the professional liability policy should be prepared to offer coverages up to at least $100,000/$300,000.6. The physician should be assured that the insurance carrier has claims-handling personnel and legal counsel who are experienced and expert in the professional liability field and who are locally available for service.7. The physician is best protected by a local or state group program, next best by a national group program, and last, by individual coverage.8. The physician should look with suspicion on a cancellation clause in which his policy may be summarily cancelled on brief notice.9. The physician should not buy professional liability insurance on the basis of price alone; adequacy of coverage and service and a good insurance company for his protection should be the deciding factors. PMID:13489519

  12. Analysis of Your Professional Liability Insurance Policy

    PubMed Central

    Sadusk, Joseph F.; Hassard, Howard; Waterson, Rollen

    1958-01-01

    The most important lessons for the physician to learn in regard to his professional liability insurance coverage are the following: 1. The physician should carefully read his professional liability policy and should secure the educated aid of his attorney and his insurance broker, if they are conversant with this field. 2. He should particularly read the definition of coverage and carefully survey the exclusion clauses which may deny him coverage under certain circumstances. 3. If the physician is in partnership or in a group, he should be certain that he has contingent partnership coverage. 4. The physician should accept coverage only from an insurance carrier of sufficient size and stability that he can be sure his coverage will be guaranteed for “latent liability” claims as the years go along—certainly for his lifetime. 5. The insurance carrier offering the professional liability policy should be prepared to offer coverages up to at least $100,000/$300,000. 6. The physician should be assured that the insurance carrier has claims-handling personnel and legal counsel who are experienced and expert in the professional liability field and who are locally available for service. 7. The physician is best protected by a local or state group program, next best by a national group program, and last, by individual coverage. 8. The physician should look with suspicion on a cancellation clause in which his policy may be summarily cancelled on brief notice. 9. The physician should not buy professional liability insurance on the basis of price alone; adequacy of coverage and service and a good insurance company for his protection should be the deciding factors. PMID:13489519

  13. 48 CFR 252.217-7012 - Liability and insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Liability and insurance... of Provisions And Clauses 252.217-7012 Liability and insurance. As prescribed in 217.7104(a), use the following clause: Liability and Insurance (AUG 2003) (a) The Contractor shall exercise its best efforts...

  14. 48 CFR 252.247-7007 - Liability and insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Liability and insurance... of Provisions And Clauses 252.247-7007 Liability and insurance. As prescribed in 247.270-4(g), use the following clause: Liability and Insurance (DEC 1991) (a) The Contractor shall be— (1) Liable...

  15. 48 CFR 1452.228-70 - Liability Insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Liability Insurance. 1452... Insurance. As prescribed in 1428.301, insert the following clause: Liability Insurance—Department of the... extension thereof liability insurance in form satisfactory to the Contracting Officer by an...

  16. 48 CFR 1452.228-70 - Liability Insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Liability Insurance. 1452... Insurance. As prescribed in 1428.301, insert the following clause: Liability Insurance—Department of the... extension thereof liability insurance in form satisfactory to the Contracting Officer by an...

  17. Finance, providers issue brief: insurer liability.

    PubMed

    Rothouse, M; Stauffer, M

    2000-05-24

    When a health plan denies payment for a procedure on grounds that it is not medically necessary or when it refuses a physician-ordered referral to a specialist, has it crossed the line from making an insurance judgment to practicing medicine? If the patient suffers harm as a result of the decision, is the plan liable for medical malpractice? Those were questions 35 states considered in 1999, and at least 32 states are grappling with this year as they seek to respond to physician and patient pressure to curb the power of the managed care industry. Traditionally, health insurers have been protected by state laws banning "the corporate practice of medicine," which means the patient's only recourse is to sue under a "vicarious liability" theory. Now, however, lawmakers are debating legislation to extend the scope of malpractice liability beyond individual practitioners to insurance carriers and plans themselves. PMID:11073416

  18. Finance, providers issue brief: insurer liability.

    PubMed

    Rothouse, M

    1999-07-01

    When a health plan denies payment for a procedure on grounds that it is not medically necessary or when it refuses a physician-ordered referral to a specialist, has it crossed the line from making an insurance judgment to practicing medicine? If the patient suffers harm as a result of the decision, is the plan liable for medical malpractice? Those are questions 29 states considered in 1998, and at least 35 states are grappling with this year as they seek to respond to physician and patient pressure to curb the power of the managed care industry. Traditionally, health insurers have been protected by state laws banning "the corporate practice of medicine," which means the patient's only recourse is to sue under a "vicarious liability" theory. Now, however, lawmakers are debating legislation to extend the scope of malpractice liability beyond individual practitioners to insurance carriers and plans themselves. PMID:11073388

  19. Cost vs. Risk: Determining the Correct Liability Insurance Limit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klinksiek, Glenn

    1996-01-01

    Presents a model for evaluating liability insurance limits and selecting the correct limit for an individual institution. Argues that many colleges and universities may be making overly conservative decisions that lead to the purchase of too much liability insurance. Also discusses the financial consequences of an uninsured large liability loss.…

  20. 14 CFR 291.22 - Aircraft accident liability insurance requirement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Aircraft accident liability insurance... for All-Cargo Air Transportation § 291.22 Aircraft accident liability insurance requirement. No air... and maintains in effect aircraft accident liability coverage that meets the requirements of part...

  1. 14 CFR 291.22 - Aircraft accident liability insurance requirement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Aircraft accident liability insurance... for All-Cargo Air Transportation § 291.22 Aircraft accident liability insurance requirement. No air... and maintains in effect aircraft accident liability coverage that meets the requirements of part...

  2. Liability Insurance: A Primer for College and University Counsel.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ende, Howard; Anderson, Eugene R.; Crego, Susannah

    1997-01-01

    Because of the rise in litigation involving colleges and universities, basic information about liability insurance is provided. Administrators are warned that previously purchased liability insurance may not cover damages and losses incurred today, and that insurance companies often benefit from extended litigation. College counsel must understand…

  3. 48 CFR 3052.217-95 - Liability and insurance (USCG).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions and Clauses 3052.217-95 Liability and insurance (USCG). As prescribed in USCG guidance at (HSAR) 48 CFR 3017.9000(a) and (b), insert the following clause: Liability and... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Liability and...

  4. 14 CFR 294.40 - Aircraft accident liability insurance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Aircraft accident liability insurance....40 Aircraft accident liability insurance requirements. No Canadian charter air taxi operator shall engage in charter air service unless such carrier has and maintains in effect aircraft accident...

  5. 14 CFR 291.22 - Aircraft accident liability insurance requirement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Aircraft accident liability insurance... for All-Cargo Air Transportation § 291.22 Aircraft accident liability insurance requirement. No air carrier shall operate all-cargo aircraft or provide all-cargo air transportation unless such carrier...

  6. 25 CFR 273.46 - Liability and motor vehicle insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Liability and motor vehicle insurance. 273.46 Section 273... Requirements § 273.46 Liability and motor vehicle insurance. (a) States, school districts and Indian... implication, the use of motor vehicles must contain a provision requiring the State, school district,...

  7. 25 CFR 273.46 - Liability and motor vehicle insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Liability and motor vehicle insurance. 273.46 Section 273... Requirements § 273.46 Liability and motor vehicle insurance. (a) States, school districts and Indian... implication, the use of motor vehicles must contain a provision requiring the State, school district,...

  8. 25 CFR 273.46 - Liability and motor vehicle insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Liability and motor vehicle insurance. 273.46 Section 273... Requirements § 273.46 Liability and motor vehicle insurance. (a) States, school districts and Indian... implication, the use of motor vehicles must contain a provision requiring the State, school district,...

  9. 25 CFR 273.46 - Liability and motor vehicle insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Liability and motor vehicle insurance. 273.46 Section 273... Requirements § 273.46 Liability and motor vehicle insurance. (a) States, school districts and Indian... implication, the use of motor vehicles must contain a provision requiring the State, school district,...

  10. 25 CFR 273.46 - Liability and motor vehicle insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Liability and motor vehicle insurance. 273.46 Section 273... Requirements § 273.46 Liability and motor vehicle insurance. (a) States, school districts and Indian... implication, the use of motor vehicles must contain a provision requiring the State, school district,...

  11. 48 CFR 245.7310-3 - Liability and insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Liability and insurance... SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT GOVERNMENT PROPERTY Sale of Surplus Contractor Inventory 245.7310-3 Liability and insurance. When the work to be performed by the purchaser warrants,...

  12. 48 CFR 47.207-7 - Liability and insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Liability and insurance... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT TRANSPORTATION Contracts for Transportation or for Transportation-Related Services 47.207-7 Liability and insurance. (a) The contracting officer shall specify— (1) The...

  13. 48 CFR 1352.271-79 - Liability and insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Liability and insurance. As prescribed in 48 CFR 1371.110, insert the following clause: Liability and Insurance (APR 2010) (a) The contractor shall exercise reasonable care and use its best efforts to prevent... loss or damage the contractor by exercise of reasonable care was unable to prevent. However,...

  14. 42 CFR 411.39 - Automobile and liability insurance (including self-insurance), no-fault insurance, and workers...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Automobile and liability insurance (including self-insurance), no-fault insurance, and workers' compensation: Final conditional payment amounts via Web portal... Coverage That Limits Medicare Payment: General Provisions § 411.39 Automobile and liability...

  15. 42 CFR 411.39 - Automobile and liability insurance (including self-insurance), no-fault insurance, and workers...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Automobile and liability insurance (including self-insurance), no-fault insurance, and workers' compensation: Final conditional payment amounts via Web portal... Coverage That Limits Medicare Payment: General Provisions § 411.39 Automobile and liability...

  16. 48 CFR 1352.271-79 - Liability and insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Liability and insurance. As prescribed in 48 CFR 1371.110, insert the following clause: Liability and... its own cost and expense any and all loss of or damage of whatsoever nature to the vessel (or part... contractor can affirmatively show that such loss or damage was due to causes beyond the contractor's...

  17. 24 CFR 266.25 - Limitation on HUD insurance liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Limitation on HUD insurance liability. 266.25 Section 266.25 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban... HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND...

  18. 24 CFR 266.25 - Limitation on HUD insurance liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Limitation on HUD insurance liability. 266.25 Section 266.25 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban... HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND...

  19. Risky Business - Questions To Ask Your Liability Insurance Agent and Attorney.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strickland, James

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the unique vulnerabilities of the child care industry related to liability insurance. Presents questions for beginning liability- and coverage-related dialogue between the caregiver or center director and the attorney and insurance agent. (KB)

  20. 48 CFR 647.207-7 - Liability and insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Liability and insurance. 647.207-7 Section 647.207-7 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF STATE CONTRACT....00 per pound (or metric equivalent in local currency) based on the total net weight. The...

  1. 48 CFR 647.207-7 - Liability and insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Liability and insurance. 647.207-7 Section 647.207-7 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF STATE CONTRACT....00 per pound (or metric equivalent in local currency) based on the total net weight. The...

  2. 14 CFR 294.40 - Aircraft accident liability insurance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... engage in charter air service unless such carrier has and maintains in effect aircraft accident liability... on file with the Department's Office of International Aviation, Special Authorities Division, at all... (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS CANADIAN CHARTER AIR TAXI OPERATORS Insurance Requirements §...

  3. 14 CFR 294.40 - Aircraft accident liability insurance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... engage in charter air service unless such carrier has and maintains in effect aircraft accident liability... on file with the Department's Office of International Aviation, Special Authorities Division, at all... (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS CANADIAN CHARTER AIR TAXI OPERATORS Insurance Requirements §...

  4. Finance issue brief: insurer liability: year end report-2003.

    PubMed

    MacEachern, Lillian

    2003-12-31

    When a health plan denies payment for a procedure on grounds that it is not medically necessary or when it refuses a physician-ordered referral to a specialist, has it crossed the line from making an insurance judgment to practicing medicine? If the patient suffers harm as a result of the decision, is the plan liable for medical malpractice? Those were questions 35 states considered in 1999, and at least 32 states are grappling with this year as they seek to respond to physician and patient pressure to curb the power of the managed care industry. Traditionally, health insurers have been protected by state laws banning "the corporate practice of medicine," which means the patient's only recourse is to sue under a "vicarious liability" theory. Now, however, lawmakers are debating legislation to extend the scope of malpractice liability beyond individual practitioners to insurance carriers and plans themselves. PMID:14964230

  5. Finance issue brief: insurer liability: year end report-2002.

    PubMed

    Morgan, Rachel; MacEachern, Lillian

    2002-12-31

    When a health plan denies payment for a procedure on grounds that it is not medically necessary or when it refuses a physician-ordered referral to a specialist, has it crossed the line from making an insurance judgment to practicing medicine? If the patient suffers harm as a result of the decision, is the plan liable for medical malpractice? Those were questions 35 states considered in 1999, and at least 32 states are grappling with this year as they seek to respond to physician and patient pressure to curb the power of the managed care industry. Traditionally, health insurers have been protected by state laws banning "the corporate practice of medicine," which means the patient's only recourse is to sue under a "vicarious liability" theory. Now, however, lawmakers are debating legislation to extend the scope of malpractice liability beyond individual practitioners to insurance carriers and plans themselves. PMID:12886933

  6. 42 CFR 411.54 - Limitation on charges when a beneficiary has received a liability insurance payment or has a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Limitation on charges when a beneficiary has received a liability insurance payment or has a claim pending against a liability insurer. 411.54 Section... beneficiary has received a liability insurance payment or has a claim pending against a liability insurer....

  7. 49 CFR 375.303 - If I sell liability insurance coverage, what must I do?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false If I sell liability insurance coverage, what must... Options Provided § 375.303 If I sell liability insurance coverage, what must I do? (a) You, your employee... damage in excess of the specified carrier liability. (c) If you sell, offer to sell, or procure...

  8. 49 CFR 375.303 - If I sell liability insurance coverage, what must I do?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false If I sell liability insurance coverage, what must... Options Provided § 375.303 If I sell liability insurance coverage, what must I do? (a) You, your employee... damage in excess of the specified carrier liability. (c) If you sell, offer to sell, or procure...

  9. 48 CFR 1552.228-70 - Insurance liability to third persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Insurance liability to... Clauses 1552.228-70 Insurance liability to third persons. As prescribed in 1528.101, insert the following clause: Insurance—Liability to Third Persons (OCT 2000) (a)(1) Except as provided in subparagraph...

  10. 48 CFR 1552.228-70 - Insurance liability to third persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Insurance liability to... Clauses 1552.228-70 Insurance liability to third persons. As prescribed in 1528.101, insert the following clause: Insurance—Liability to Third Persons (OCT 2000) (a)(1) Except as provided in subparagraph...

  11. 32 CFR 220.11 - Special rules for automobile liability insurance and no-fault automobile insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... regarding tort liability. In addition, the provisions of 28 CFR part 43 (Department of Justice regulations... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Special rules for automobile liability insurance and no-fault automobile insurance. 220.11 Section 220.11 National Defense Department of...

  12. 32 CFR 220.11 - Special rules for automobile liability insurance and no-fault automobile insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... regarding tort liability. In addition, the provisions of 28 CFR part 43 (Department of Justice regulations... 32 National Defense 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Special rules for automobile liability insurance and no-fault automobile insurance. 220.11 Section 220.11 National Defense Department of...

  13. 32 CFR 220.11 - Special rules for automobile liability insurance and no-fault automobile insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... regarding tort liability. In addition, the provisions of 28 CFR part 43 (Department of Justice regulations... 32 National Defense 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Special rules for automobile liability insurance and no-fault automobile insurance. 220.11 Section 220.11 National Defense Department of...

  14. 32 CFR 220.11 - Special rules for automobile liability insurance and no-fault automobile insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... regarding tort liability. In addition, the provisions of 28 CFR part 43 (Department of Justice regulations... 32 National Defense 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Special rules for automobile liability insurance and no-fault automobile insurance. 220.11 Section 220.11 National Defense Department of...

  15. 32 CFR 220.11 - Special rules for automobile liability insurance and no-fault automobile insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... regarding tort liability. In addition, the provisions of 28 CFR part 43 (Department of Justice regulations... 32 National Defense 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Special rules for automobile liability insurance and no-fault automobile insurance. 220.11 Section 220.11 National Defense Department of...

  16. 48 CFR 52.228-7 - Insurance-Liability to Third Persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., comprehensive general liability (bodily injury), comprehensive automobile liability (bodily injury and property.... (2) The Contractor may, with the approval of the Contracting Officer, maintain a self-insurance... or bodily injury. (d) The Government's liability under paragraph (c) of this clause is subject to...

  17. 48 CFR 52.228-7 - Insurance-Liability to Third Persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., comprehensive general liability (bodily injury), comprehensive automobile liability (bodily injury and property.... (2) The Contractor may, with the approval of the Contracting Officer, maintain a self-insurance... or bodily injury. (d) The Government's liability under paragraph (c) of this clause is subject to...

  18. 48 CFR 1452.228-71 - Aircraft and General Public Liability Insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Aircraft and General... Provisions and Clauses 1452.228-71 Aircraft and General Public Liability Insurance. As prescribed in 1428.306-70(c)(1), insert the following clause: Aircraft and General Public Liability Insurance Department...

  19. 24 CFR 965.215 - Lead-based paint liability insurance coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Lead-based paint liability... Insurance Coverage § 965.215 Lead-based paint liability insurance coverage. (a) General. The purpose of this... with lead-based paint activities that the PHA undertakes, in accordance with the PHA's ACC with...

  20. 26 CFR 20.2206-1 - Liability of life insurance beneficiaries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 14 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Liability of life insurance beneficiaries. 20.2206-1 Section 20.2206-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY... § 20.2206-1 Liability of life insurance beneficiaries. With respect to the right of the...

  1. 26 CFR 20.2206-1 - Liability of life insurance beneficiaries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 14 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Liability of life insurance beneficiaries. 20.2206-1 Section 20.2206-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY... § 20.2206-1 Liability of life insurance beneficiaries. With respect to the right of the...

  2. 26 CFR 20.2206-1 - Liability of life insurance beneficiaries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 14 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Liability of life insurance beneficiaries. 20.2206-1 Section 20.2206-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY... § 20.2206-1 Liability of life insurance beneficiaries. With respect to the right of the...

  3. 26 CFR 20.2206-1 - Liability of life insurance beneficiaries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 14 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Liability of life insurance beneficiaries. 20.2206-1 Section 20.2206-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY... § 20.2206-1 Liability of life insurance beneficiaries. With respect to the right of the...

  4. 26 CFR 20.2206-1 - Liability of life insurance beneficiaries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 14 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Liability of life insurance beneficiaries. 20.2206-1 Section 20.2206-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY... § 20.2206-1 Liability of life insurance beneficiaries. With respect to the right of the...

  5. 24 CFR 965.215 - Lead-based paint liability insurance coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Lead-based paint liability... Insurance Coverage § 965.215 Lead-based paint liability insurance coverage. (a) General. The purpose of this... with lead-based paint activities that the PHA undertakes, in accordance with the PHA's ACC with...

  6. 24 CFR 965.215 - Lead-based paint liability insurance coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Lead-based paint liability... Insurance Coverage § 965.215 Lead-based paint liability insurance coverage. (a) General. The purpose of this... with lead-based paint activities that the PHA undertakes, in accordance with the PHA's ACC with...

  7. 24 CFR 965.215 - Lead-based paint liability insurance coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Lead-based paint liability... Insurance Coverage § 965.215 Lead-based paint liability insurance coverage. (a) General. The purpose of this... with lead-based paint activities that the PHA undertakes, in accordance with the PHA's ACC with...

  8. 24 CFR 965.215 - Lead-based paint liability insurance coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Lead-based paint liability... Insurance Coverage § 965.215 Lead-based paint liability insurance coverage. (a) General. The purpose of this... with lead-based paint activities that the PHA undertakes, in accordance with the PHA's ACC with...

  9. 24 CFR 203.422 - Right and liability under Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Mortgage Insurance Fund and Distributive Shares § 203.422 Right and liability under Mutual Mortgage... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Right and liability under Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund. 203.422 Section 203.422 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating...

  10. 30 CFR 800.60 - Terms and conditions for liability insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR BONDING AND INSURANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS BOND AND INSURANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS UNDER... liability insurance policy in force for the surface coal mining and reclamation operations for which...

  11. 30 CFR 800.60 - Terms and conditions for liability insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR BONDING AND INSURANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS BOND AND INSURANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS UNDER... liability insurance policy in force for the surface coal mining and reclamation operations for which...

  12. 30 CFR 800.60 - Terms and conditions for liability insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR BONDING AND INSURANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS BOND AND INSURANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS UNDER... liability insurance policy in force for the surface coal mining and reclamation operations for which...

  13. 48 CFR 528.311 - Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement contracts. 528.311 Section 528.311 Federal... INSURANCE Insurance 528.311 Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under...

  14. 48 CFR 28.311 - Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement contracts. 28.311 Section 28.311 Federal... INSURANCE Insurance 28.311 Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under...

  15. 12 CFR 360.8 - Method for determining deposit and other liability account balances at a failed insured...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... liability account balances at a failed insured depository institution. 360.8 Section 360.8 Banks and Banking... RECEIVERSHIP RULES § 360.8 Method for determining deposit and other liability account balances at a failed... FDIC will use to determine deposit and other liability account balances for insurance coverage...

  16. 12 CFR 360.8 - Method for determining deposit and other liability account balances at a failed insured...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... liability account balances at a failed insured depository institution. 360.8 Section 360.8 Banks and Banking... RECEIVERSHIP RULES § 360.8 Method for determining deposit and other liability account balances at a failed... FDIC will use to determine deposit and other liability account balances for insurance coverage...

  17. 12 CFR 360.8 - Method for determining deposit and other liability account balances at a failed insured...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... liability account balances at a failed insured depository institution. 360.8 Section 360.8 Banks and Banking... RECEIVERSHIP RULES § 360.8 Method for determining deposit and other liability account balances at a failed... FDIC will use to determine deposit and other liability account balances for insurance coverage...

  18. 12 CFR 360.8 - Method for determining deposit and other liability account balances at a failed insured...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... liability account balances at a failed insured depository institution. 360.8 Section 360.8 Banks and Banking... RECEIVERSHIP RULES § 360.8 Method for determining deposit and other liability account balances at a failed... FDIC will use to determine deposit and other liability account balances for insurance coverage...

  19. 12 CFR 360.8 - Method for determining deposit and other liability account balances at a failed insured...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... liability account balances at a failed insured depository institution. 360.8 Section 360.8 Banks and Banking... RECEIVERSHIP RULES § 360.8 Method for determining deposit and other liability account balances at a failed... FDIC will use to determine deposit and other liability account balances for insurance coverage...

  20. 48 CFR 1452.228-7 - Insurance-Liability to Third Persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Insurance-Liability to... INTERIOR CONTRACT MANAGEMENT SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions and Clauses 1452.228-7 Insurance—Liability to Third Persons. (a) As prescribed in 1428.311-2, the clause at FAR...

  1. 48 CFR 352.228-7 - Insurance-liability to third persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Insurance-liability to third persons. 352.228-7 Section 352.228-7 Federal Acquisition Regulations System HEALTH AND HUMAN... partially immune from tort liability as a State agency, the Contracting Officer shall add the...

  2. 48 CFR 352.228-7 - Insurance-liability to third persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Insurance-liability to third persons. 352.228-7 Section 352.228-7 Federal Acquisition Regulations System HEALTH AND HUMAN... partially immune from tort liability as a State agency, the Contracting Officer shall add the...

  3. 48 CFR 352.228-7 - Insurance-liability to third persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Insurance-liability to third persons. 352.228-7 Section 352.228-7 Federal Acquisition Regulations System HEALTH AND HUMAN... partially immune from tort liability as a State agency, the Contracting Officer shall add the...

  4. 48 CFR 352.228-7 - Insurance-liability to third persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Insurance-liability to third persons. 352.228-7 Section 352.228-7 Federal Acquisition Regulations System HEALTH AND HUMAN... partially immune from tort liability as a State agency, the Contracting Officer shall add the...

  5. 48 CFR 352.228-7 - Insurance-liability to third persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Insurance-liability to third persons. 352.228-7 Section 352.228-7 Federal Acquisition Regulations System HEALTH AND HUMAN... partially immune from tort liability as a State agency, the Contracting Officer shall add the...

  6. 48 CFR 1852.228-80 - Insurance-Immunity From Tort Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Insurance-Immunity From... Provisions and Clauses 1852.228-80 Insurance—Immunity From Tort Liability. As prescribed in 1828.311-270(b), insert the following provision: Insurance—Immunity From Tort Liability (SEP 2000) If the offeror...

  7. 48 CFR 1852.228-81 - Insurance-Partial Immunity From Tort Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Insurance-Partial Immunity... Provisions and Clauses 1852.228-81 Insurance—Partial Immunity From Tort Liability. As prescribed in 1828.311-270(c), insert the following clause: Insurance—Partial Immunity From Tort Liability (SEP 2000)...

  8. 48 CFR 1852.228-81 - Insurance-Partial Immunity From Tort Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Insurance-Partial Immunity... Provisions and Clauses 1852.228-81 Insurance—Partial Immunity From Tort Liability. As prescribed in 1828.311-270(c), insert the following clause: Insurance—Partial Immunity From Tort Liability (SEP 2000)...

  9. 48 CFR 1852.228-82 - Insurance-Total Immunity From Tort Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Insurance-Total Immunity... Provisions and Clauses 1852.228-82 Insurance—Total Immunity From Tort Liability. As prescribed in 1828.311-270(d), insert the following clause: Insurance—Total Immunity From Tort Liability (SEP 2000) (a)...

  10. 48 CFR 1852.228-82 - Insurance-Total Immunity From Tort Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Insurance-Total Immunity... Provisions and Clauses 1852.228-82 Insurance—Total Immunity From Tort Liability. As prescribed in 1828.311-270(d), insert the following clause: Insurance—Total Immunity From Tort Liability (SEP 2000) (a)...

  11. 48 CFR 1852.228-80 - Insurance-Immunity From Tort Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Insurance-Immunity From... Provisions and Clauses 1852.228-80 Insurance—Immunity From Tort Liability. As prescribed in 1828.311-270(b), insert the following provision: Insurance—Immunity From Tort Liability (SEP 2000) If the offeror...

  12. 48 CFR 1852.228-81 - Insurance-Partial Immunity From Tort Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Insurance-Partial Immunity... Provisions and Clauses 1852.228-81 Insurance—Partial Immunity From Tort Liability. As prescribed in 1828.311-270(c), insert the following clause: Insurance—Partial Immunity From Tort Liability (SEP 2000)...

  13. 48 CFR 1852.228-81 - Insurance-Partial Immunity From Tort Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Insurance-Partial Immunity... Provisions and Clauses 1852.228-81 Insurance—Partial Immunity From Tort Liability. As prescribed in 1828.311-270(c), insert the following clause: Insurance—Partial Immunity From Tort Liability (SEP 2000)...

  14. 48 CFR 1852.228-82 - Insurance-Total Immunity From Tort Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Insurance-Total Immunity... Provisions and Clauses 1852.228-82 Insurance—Total Immunity From Tort Liability. As prescribed in 1828.311-270(d), insert the following clause: Insurance—Total Immunity From Tort Liability (SEP 2000) (a)...

  15. 48 CFR 1852.228-80 - Insurance-Immunity From Tort Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Insurance-Immunity From... Provisions and Clauses 1852.228-80 Insurance—Immunity From Tort Liability. As prescribed in 1828.311-270(b), insert the following provision: Insurance—Immunity From Tort Liability (SEP 2000) If the offeror...

  16. 48 CFR 1852.228-80 - Insurance-Immunity From Tort Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Insurance-Immunity From... Provisions and Clauses 1852.228-80 Insurance—Immunity From Tort Liability. As prescribed in 1828.311-270(b), insert the following provision: Insurance—Immunity From Tort Liability (SEP 2000) If the offeror...

  17. 48 CFR 1852.228-82 - Insurance-Total Immunity From Tort Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Insurance-Total Immunity... Provisions and Clauses 1852.228-82 Insurance—Total Immunity From Tort Liability. As prescribed in 1828.311-270(d), insert the following clause: Insurance—Total Immunity From Tort Liability (SEP 2000) (a)...

  18. 48 CFR 1852.228-80 - Insurance-Immunity From Tort Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Insurance-Immunity From... Provisions and Clauses 1852.228-80 Insurance—Immunity From Tort Liability. As prescribed in 1828.311-270(b), insert the following provision: Insurance—Immunity From Tort Liability (SEP 2000) If the offeror...

  19. 48 CFR 1852.228-81 - Insurance-Partial Immunity From Tort Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Insurance-Partial Immunity... Provisions and Clauses 1852.228-81 Insurance—Partial Immunity From Tort Liability. As prescribed in 1828.311-270(c), insert the following clause: Insurance—Partial Immunity From Tort Liability (SEP 2000)...

  20. 48 CFR 1852.228-82 - Insurance-Total Immunity From Tort Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Insurance-Total Immunity... Provisions and Clauses 1852.228-82 Insurance—Total Immunity From Tort Liability. As prescribed in 1828.311-270(d), insert the following clause: Insurance—Total Immunity From Tort Liability (SEP 2000) (a)...

  1. Federal government provision of third-party liability insurance to space vehicle users

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1985-01-01

    Support decisions concerning the provision by the Federal Government of third-party liability insurance for commercial space activities were studied. The practices associated with third-party liability insurance in the marine, aviation, and electric utility industries in addition to those industries associated with space missions were reviewed. Theoretical considerations of rate setting are discussed and a methodology to determine the period of time over which the insurers of each industry intend to set aside reserves to recover from a maximum liability loss should one occur is introduced. The data were analyzed to determine the setaside period in each industry, and to suggest reasonable standards from the insurer's point of view. Criteria for Federal provision of insurance are discussed, an interpretation of the Price-Anderson Act, determinants of the availability of commercial insurance, potential insurer liability, and measures of reasonableness for premium rates from the user's point of view are presented. Options available to the government regarding third part liability protection are presented.

  2. 48 CFR 328.311 - Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement contracts. 328.311 Section 328.311 Federal... Insurance 328.311 Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under...

  3. 24 CFR 213.277 - Right and liability under the Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Right and liability under the...-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES COOPERATIVE HOUSING MORTGAGE INSURANCE...

  4. 48 CFR 3028.311 - Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement contracts. 3028.311 Section 3028.311... contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement contracts....

  5. 48 CFR 228.311 - Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement contracts. 228.311 Section 228.311 Federal... liability insurance under cost-reimbursement contracts....

  6. 10 CFR 140.13b - Amount of liability insurance required for uranium enrichment facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Amount of liability insurance required for uranium... required for uranium enrichment facilities. Each holder of a license issued under Parts 40 or 70 of this chapter for a uranium enrichment facility that involves the use of source material or special...

  7. 10 CFR 140.13b - Amount of liability insurance required for uranium enrichment facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Amount of liability insurance required for uranium... required for uranium enrichment facilities. Each holder of a license issued under Parts 40 or 70 of this chapter for a uranium enrichment facility that involves the use of source material or special...

  8. 10 CFR 140.13b - Amount of liability insurance required for uranium enrichment facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Amount of liability insurance required for uranium... required for uranium enrichment facilities. Each holder of a license issued under Parts 40 or 70 of this chapter for a uranium enrichment facility that involves the use of source material or special...

  9. 10 CFR 140.13b - Amount of liability insurance required for uranium enrichment facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Amount of liability insurance required for uranium... required for uranium enrichment facilities. Each holder of a license issued under Parts 40 or 70 of this chapter for a uranium enrichment facility that involves the use of source material or special...

  10. 10 CFR 140.13b - Amount of liability insurance required for uranium enrichment facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Amount of liability insurance required for uranium... required for uranium enrichment facilities. Each holder of a license issued under Parts 40 or 70 of this chapter for a uranium enrichment facility that involves the use of source material or special...

  11. 7 CFR 1436.15 - Maintenance, liability, insurance, and inspections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... loan willbecome immediately due and payable. (f) For sugar storage facility loans, in addition to the requirements of paragraph (d) of this section, sugar processors must also insure the contents of storage structures used as collateral for a sugar storage facility loan against all perils....

  12. 7 CFR 1436.15 - Maintenance, liability, insurance, and inspections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... loan willbecome immediately due and payable. (f) For sugar storage facility loans, in addition to the requirements of paragraph (d) of this section, sugar processors must also insure the contents of storage structures used as collateral for a sugar storage facility loan against all perils....

  13. 48 CFR 1428.311 - Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement contracts. 1428.311 Section 1428.311... under cost-reimbursement contracts....

  14. Pollution liability insurance: availability, demand, and coverage. January 1985-March 1989 (Citations from the Biobusiness data base). Report for January 1985-March 1989

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-04-01

    This bibliography contains citations concerning pollution liability insurance availability, demand, and coverage. Topics include the reduced availability of pollution liability insurance, the increased demand for this insurance, and the impact of Superfund decisions on pollution liability insurance claims. Court cases to determine whether the polluting company or the insurance company is responsible for hazardous materials cleanup are cited. Requirements for self insurance and elimination of the requirement for hazardous waste clean-up companies to be insured by a third company are included. (Contains 96 citations fully indexed and including a title list.)

  15. 48 CFR 1828.311 - Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement contracts. 1828.311 Section 1828.311... insurance under cost-reimbursement contracts....

  16. Liability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hollander, Patricia A.

    This chapter on liability covers a number of cases alleging negligence by colleges, universities, and university hospitals filed by patients and injured students. Liability issues are also part of defamation of character suits. Oral statements are known as slander, while written statements which defame are called libel. In certain situations,…

  17. 48 CFR 228.311 - Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement contracts. 228.311 Section 228.311 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE...

  18. 48 CFR 228.311 - Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement contracts. 228.311 Section 228.311 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE...

  19. 48 CFR 228.311 - Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement contracts. 228.311 Section 228.311 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE...

  20. 48 CFR 228.311 - Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement contracts. 228.311 Section 228.311 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE...

  1. Used Nuclear Fuel: From Liability to Benefit

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Orbach, Raymond L.

    2011-03-01

    Nuclear power has proven safe and reliable, with operating efficiencies in the U.S. exceeding 90%. It provides a carbon-free source of electricity (with about a 10% penalty arising from CO2 released from construction and the fuel cycle). However, used fuel from nuclear reactors is highly toxic and presents a challenge for permanent disposal -- both from technical and policy perspectives. The half-life of the ``bad actors'' is relatively short (of the order of decades) while the very long lived isotopes are relatively benign. At present, spent fuel is stored on-site in cooling ponds. Once the used fuel pools are full, the fuel is moved to dry cask storage on-site. Though the local storage is capable of handling used fuel safely and securely for many decades, the law requires DOE to assume responsibility for the used fuel and remove it from reactor sites. The nuclear industry pays a tithe to support sequestration of used fuel (but not research). However, there is currently no national policy in place to deal with the permanent disposal of nuclear fuel. This administration is opposed to underground storage at Yucca Mountain. There is no national policy for interim storage---removal of spent fuel from reactor sites and storage at a central location. And there is no national policy for liberating the energy contained in used fuel through recycling (separating out the fissionable components for subsequent use as nuclear fuel). A ``Blue Ribbon Commission'' has been formed to consider alternatives, but will not report until 2012. This paper will examine alternatives for used fuel disposition, their drawbacks (e.g. proliferation issues arising from recycling), and their benefits. For recycle options to emerge as a viable technology, research is required to develop cost effective methods for treating used nuclear fuel, with attention to policy as well as technical issues.

  2. The legal system, insurance, and health care. What can be done about the liability problem? An ECRI technology management assessment.

    PubMed

    1986-01-01

    Health care providers are currently experiencing a malpractice "crisis" that, in some regions and for some medical specialties, is as serious as the one that occurred a decade ago. Whether providers themselves, the insurance industry, or lawyers and the legal system are seen as responsible for today's crisis depends primarily on the observer. However, evidence indicates that, in health care, negligence by those who provide services (physicians and hospital personnel) is a more important factor in the health care liability crisis than is so for other sectors of society that also face liability-insurance problems (e.g., municipal governments, light aircraft manufacturers, ski-slope operators). While physicians and hospitals can participate in legislative efforts to achieve tort reform and more stringent regulation of liability insurers, this study suggests that they will have more success in reducing malpractice insurance premium rates by concentrating instead on improving the quality of patient care. Towards this end, a number of specific actions are outlined, ranging from greater use of patient-care protocols and algorithms to increased activity by state medical licensing and disciplinary boards. PMID:10276862

  3. 10 CFR 140.91 - Appendix A-Form of nuclear energy liability policy for facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Appendix A-Form of nuclear energy liability policy for facilities. 140.91 Section 140.91 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL PROTECTION REQUIREMENTS AND INDEMNITY AGREEMENTS Violations Appendixes to Part 140 § 140.91 Appendix A—Form of nuclear energy liability policy for...

  4. 10 CFR 140.91 - Appendix A-Form of nuclear energy liability policy for facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Appendix A-Form of nuclear energy liability policy for facilities. 140.91 Section 140.91 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL PROTECTION REQUIREMENTS AND INDEMNITY AGREEMENTS Violations Appendixes to Part 140 § 140.91 Appendix A—Form of nuclear energy liability policy for...

  5. 10 CFR 140.91 - Appendix A-Form of nuclear energy liability policy for facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Appendix A-Form of nuclear energy liability policy for facilities. 140.91 Section 140.91 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL PROTECTION REQUIREMENTS AND INDEMNITY AGREEMENTS Violations Appendixes to Part 140 § 140.91 Appendix A—Form of nuclear energy liability policy for...

  6. 10 CFR 140.91 - Appendix A-Form of nuclear energy liability policy for facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Appendix A-Form of nuclear energy liability policy for facilities. 140.91 Section 140.91 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL PROTECTION REQUIREMENTS AND INDEMNITY AGREEMENTS Violations Appendixes to Part 140 § 140.91 Appendix A—Form of nuclear energy liability policy for...

  7. 10 CFR 140.91 - Appendix A-Form of nuclear energy liability policy for facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Appendix A-Form of nuclear energy liability policy for facilities. 140.91 Section 140.91 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL PROTECTION REQUIREMENTS AND INDEMNITY AGREEMENTS Violations Appendixes to Part 140 § 140.91 Appendix A—Form of nuclear energy liability policy for...

  8. 48 CFR 52.228-8 - Liability and Insurance-Leased Motor Vehicles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...-Leased Motor Vehicles. 52.228-8 Section 52.228-8 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... Provisions and Clauses 52.228-8 Liability and Insurance—Leased Motor Vehicles. As prescribed in 28.312, insert the following clause: Liability and Insurance—Leased Motor Vehicles (MAY 1999) (a) The...

  9. 48 CFR 52.228-8 - Liability and Insurance-Leased Motor Vehicles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...-Leased Motor Vehicles. 52.228-8 Section 52.228-8 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... Provisions and Clauses 52.228-8 Liability and Insurance—Leased Motor Vehicles. As prescribed in 28.312, insert the following clause: Liability and Insurance—Leased Motor Vehicles (MAY 1999) (a) The...

  10. 48 CFR 52.228-8 - Liability and Insurance-Leased Motor Vehicles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...-Leased Motor Vehicles. 52.228-8 Section 52.228-8 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... Provisions and Clauses 52.228-8 Liability and Insurance—Leased Motor Vehicles. As prescribed in 28.312, insert the following clause: Liability and Insurance—Leased Motor Vehicles (MAY 1999) (a) The...

  11. 48 CFR 52.228-8 - Liability and Insurance-Leased Motor Vehicles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...-Leased Motor Vehicles. 52.228-8 Section 52.228-8 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... Provisions and Clauses 52.228-8 Liability and Insurance—Leased Motor Vehicles. As prescribed in 28.312, insert the following clause: Liability and Insurance—Leased Motor Vehicles (MAY 1999) (a) The...

  12. 48 CFR 52.228-8 - Liability and Insurance-Leased Motor Vehicles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...-Leased Motor Vehicles. 52.228-8 Section 52.228-8 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... Provisions and Clauses 52.228-8 Liability and Insurance—Leased Motor Vehicles. As prescribed in 28.312, insert the following clause: Liability and Insurance—Leased Motor Vehicles (MAY 1999) (a) The...

  13. Remediation of old environmental liabilities in the Nuclear Research Institute Rez plc

    SciTech Connect

    Podlaha, J.

    2007-07-01

    The Nuclear Research Institute Rez plc (NRI) is a leading institution in all areas of nuclear R and D in the Czech Republic. The NRI's activity encompasses nuclear physics, chemistry, nuclear power, experiments at research nuclear reactors and many other topics. The NRI operates two research nuclear reactors, many facilities as a hot cell facility, research laboratories, technology for radioactive waste (RAW) management, radionuclide irradiators, an electron accelerator, etc. After 50 years of activities in the nuclear field, there are some environmental liabilities that shall be remedied in the NRI. There are three areas of remediation: (1) decommissioning of old obsolete facilities (e.g. decay tanks, RAW treatment technology, special sewage system), (2) treatment of RAW from operation and dismantling of nuclear facilities, and (3) elimination of spent fuel from research nuclear reactors operated by the NRI. The goal is to remedy the environmental liabilities and eliminate the potential negative impact on the environment. Based on this postulate, optimal remedial actions have been selected and recommended for the environmental remediation. Remediation of the environmental liabilities started in 2003 and will be finished in 2012. Some liabilities have already been successfully remedied. The most significant items of environmental liabilities are described in the paper together with information about the history, the current state, the progress, and the future activities in the field of remediation of environmental liabilities in the NRI. (authors)

  14. 10 CFR 140.92 - Appendix B-Form of indemnity agreement with licensees furnishing insurance policies as proof of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... specified in Item 2 of the Attachment and in the form of the nuclear energy liability insurance policy... Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, and (2) the terms of this agreement and the terms of the nuclear... Nuclear Energy Liability Insurance Association policy designated in Item 5 of the Attachment and...

  15. 10 CFR 140.92 - Appendix B-Form of indemnity agreement with licensees furnishing insurance policies as proof of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... specified in Item 2 of the Attachment and in the form of the nuclear energy liability insurance policy... Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, and (2) the terms of this agreement and the terms of the nuclear... Nuclear Energy Liability Insurance Association policy designated in Item 5 of the Attachment and...

  16. 29 CFR 500.128 - Cancellation of insurance policy or liability bond not relief from insurance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS MIGRANT AND SEASONAL AGRICULTURAL WORKER PROTECTION Motor Vehicle Safety and Insurance for Transportation of Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Workers... transports or causes to be transported any migrant or seasonal agricultural worker in any vehicle under...

  17. 29 CFR 500.128 - Cancellation of insurance policy or liability bond not relief from insurance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS MIGRANT AND SEASONAL AGRICULTURAL WORKER PROTECTION Motor Vehicle Safety and Insurance for Transportation of Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Workers... transports or causes to be transported any migrant or seasonal agricultural worker in any vehicle under...

  18. 30 CFR 800.60 - Terms and conditions for liability insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... permit is sought. Such policy shall provide for personal injury and property damage protection in an... under the applicable provisions of State law. Minimum insurance coverage for bodily injury and property... applicant that it satisfies applicable State self-insurance requirements approved as part of the...

  19. 30 CFR 800.60 - Terms and conditions for liability insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... permit is sought. Such policy shall provide for personal injury and property damage protection in an... under the applicable provisions of State law. Minimum insurance coverage for bodily injury and property... applicant that it satisfies applicable State self-insurance requirements approved as part of the...

  20. Insurance: Profitability of the Medical Malpractice and General Liability Lines. Report to Congressional Requesters.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.

    This report on the profitability of the property/casualty insurance industry and in particular of the medical malpractice insurance line was prepared at the request of Representatives Henry A. Waxman and James J. Florio and Senators Paul Simon, Daniel K. Inouye, Albert Gore, Jr., and Jay D. Rockefeller. Four different estimates of medical…

  1. 48 CFR 752.228-7 - Insurance-liability to third persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... of them purchase an automobile within the Cooperating Country, the Contractor agrees to make certain..., $5,000. The premium costs for such insurance shall not be a reimbursable cost under this...

  2. Insuring low-level radioactive waste sites: Past, present, and future

    SciTech Connect

    Viveiros, G.F. III

    1989-11-01

    The primary purpose of the paper is to provide information concerning the availability of nuclear liability insurance coverage under the Facility Form for low-level radioactive waste facilities only. The paper describes the past history of insurers and their merger into the Nuclear Atomic Energy Liability Underwriters (MAELU). The paper discusses the coverage afforded, underwriting suspension, and work the nuclear insurance pools are doing to lift the suspension.

  3. Overview of the Government of Canada Nuclear Legacy Liabilities Program - 13551

    SciTech Connect

    Metcalfe, D.; McCauley, D.; Miller, J.; Brooks, S.

    2013-07-01

    Nuclear legacy liabilities have resulted from more than 60 years of nuclear research and development carried out on behalf of Canada. The liabilities are located at Atomic Energy of Canada Limited's (AECL) Chalk River Laboratories in Ontario and Whiteshell Laboratories in Manitoba, as well as three shutdown prototype reactors in Ontario and Quebec that are being maintained in a safe storage state. Estimated at about $7.4 billion (current day dollars), these liabilities consist of disused nuclear facilities and associated infrastructure, a wide variety of buried and stored waste, and contaminated lands. In 2006, the Government of Canada adopted a long-term strategy to deal with the nuclear legacy liabilities and initiated a five-year, $520 million start-up phase, thereby creating the Nuclear Legacy Liabilities Program (NLLP). The Government of Canada renewed the NLLP in 2011 with a $439-million three-year second phase that ends March 31, 2014. The projects and activities carried out under the Program focus on infrastructure decommissioning, environmental restoration, improving the management of legacy radioactive waste, and advancing the long-term strategy. The NLLP is being implemented through a Memorandum of Understanding between Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) and AECL whereby NRCan is responsible for policy direction and oversight, including control of funding, and AECL is responsible for implementing the program of work and holding and administering all licences, facilities and lands. (authors)

  4. 29 CFR 500.126 - Duration of insurance or liability bond.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... REGULATIONS MIGRANT AND SEASONAL AGRICULTURAL WORKER PROTECTION Motor Vehicle Safety and Insurance for Transportation of Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Workers, Housing Safety and Health for Migrant Workers... person shall be engaged in transporting any migrant or seasonal agricultural worker within the meaning...

  5. 29 CFR 500.126 - Duration of insurance or liability bond.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... REGULATIONS MIGRANT AND SEASONAL AGRICULTURAL WORKER PROTECTION Motor Vehicle Safety and Insurance for Transportation of Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Workers, Housing Safety and Health for Migrant Workers... person shall be engaged in transporting any migrant or seasonal agricultural worker within the meaning...

  6. 29 CFR 500.124 - Liability bond in lieu of insurance policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... REGULATIONS MIGRANT AND SEASONAL AGRICULTURAL WORKER PROTECTION Motor Vehicle Safety and Insurance for Transportation of Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Workers, Housing Safety and Health for Migrant Workers... transporting a migrant or seasonal agricultural worker, together with a third party identified in...

  7. 29 CFR 500.124 - Liability bond in lieu of insurance policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... REGULATIONS MIGRANT AND SEASONAL AGRICULTURAL WORKER PROTECTION Motor Vehicle Safety and Insurance for Transportation of Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Workers, Housing Safety and Health for Migrant Workers... transporting a migrant or seasonal agricultural worker, together with a third party identified in...

  8. Professional liability insurance in Obstetrics and Gynaecology: estimate of the level of knowledge about malpractice insurance policies and definition of an informative tool for the management of the professional activity

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background In recent years, due to the increasingly hostile environment in the medical malpractice field and related lawsuits in Italy, physicians began informing themselves regarding their comprehensive medical malpractice coverage. Methods In order to estimate the level of knowledge of medical professionals on liability insurance coverage for healthcare malpractice, a sample of 60 hospital health professionals of the obstetrics and gynaecology area of Messina (Sicily, Italy) were recluted. A survey was administered to evaluate their knowledge as to the meaning of professional liability insurance coverage but above all on the most frequent policy forms ("loss occurrence", "claims made" and "I-II risk"). Professionals were classified according to age and professional title and descriptive statistics were calculated for all the professional groups and answers. Results Most of the surveyed professionals were unaware or had very bad knowledge of the professional liability insurance coverage negotiated by the general manager, so most of the personnel believed it useful to subscribe individual "private" policies. Several subjects declared they were aware of the possibility of obtaining an extended coverage for gross negligence and substantially all the surveyed had never seen the loss occurrence and claims made form of the policy. Moreover, the sample was practically unaware of the related issues about insurance coverage for damages related to breaches on informed consent. The results revealed the relative lack of knowledge--among the operators in the field of obstetrics and gynaecology--of the effective coverage provided by the policies signed by the hospital managers for damages in medical malpractice. The authors thus proposed a useful information tool to help professionals working in obstetrics and gynaecology regarding aspects of insurance coverage provided on the basis of Italian civil law. Conclusion Italy must introduce a compulsory insurance system which could

  9. Review of Medical Dispute Cases in the Pain Management in Korea: A Medical Malpractice Liability Insurance Database Study

    PubMed Central

    Moon, Hyun Seog

    2015-01-01

    Background Pain medicine often requires medico-legal involvement, even though diagnosis and treatments have improved considerably. Multiple guidelines for pain physicians contain many recommendations regarding interventional treatment. Unfortunately, no definite treatment guidelines exist because there is no complete consensus among individual guidelines. Pain intervention procedures are widely practiced and highly associated with adverse events and complications. However, a comprehensive, systemic review of medical-dispute cases (MDCs) in Korea has not yet been reported. The purpose of this article is to analyze the frequency and type of medical dispute activity undertaken by pain specialists in Korea. Methods Data on medical disputes cases were collected through the Korea Medical Association mutual aid and through a private medical malpractice liability insurance company. Data regarding the frequency and type of MDCs, along with brief case descriptions, were obtained. Results Pain in the lumbar region made up a major proportion of MDCs and compensation costs. Infection, nerve injury, and diagnosis related cases were the most major contents of MDCs. Only a small proportion of cases involved patient death or unconsciousness, but compensation costs were the highest. Conclusions More systemic guidelines and recommendations on interventional pain management are needed, especially those focused on medico-legal cases. Complications arising from pain management procedures and treatments may be avoided by physicians who have the required knowledge and expertise regarding anatomy and pain intervention procedures and know how to recognize procedural aberrations as soon as they occur. PMID:26495080

  10. [Tort Liability and School Transportation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Franke, Allyn J.

    School districts, school employees, bus companies contracted by districts, and bus company employees could be involved in court litigation over student injury and student civil rights related to school bus transportation. Civil rights insurance should be added to general liability insurance and motor vehicle liability insurance. Students must be…

  11. Development and Implementation of a Comprehensive Program to Deal with Canada's Nuclear Legacy Liabilities

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, Peter; Metcalfe, Douglas; Blanchette, Marcia; Dolinar, George; Halpenny, Steven; Purdy, Chris; Smith, David; Kupferschmidt, William

    2008-01-15

    The Government of Canada nuclear legacy liabilities have resulted from 60 years of nuclear research and development (R and D) carried out on behalf of Canada by the National Research Council (1944 to 1952) and Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL, 1952 to present). These liabilities are largely located at AECL research sites, and consist of shutdown research buildings (including several prototype and research reactors), a wide variety of buried and stored wastes, and contaminated lands. The shutdown buildings and contaminated lands need to be safely decommissioned to meet federal regulatory requirements, and long-term solutions need to be developed and implemented for management of the wastes. More than half of the liabilities are the result of Cold War activities during the 1940's, 50's and early 60's. The remaining liabilities stem from R and D for medical isotopes and nuclear reactor technology, as well as national science programs. About 70 percent of the liabilities are located at AECL's Chalk River Laboratories (CRL) in Ontario, and a further 20 percent are located at AECL's shutdown Whiteshell Laboratories in Manitoba. The remaining 10 percent relate largely to three shutdown prototype reactors in Ontario and Quebec, which were key to the developmental stage of Canada's CANDU reactor technology. The inventory of legacy waste includes spent fuel, high-level, intermediate-level and low-level solid and liquid radioactive waste, and wastes (largely contaminated soils) from site clean-up work across Canada. Most of the wastes are in raw, unconditioned form, and limited characterization information is available for the wastes generated in past decades. In many cases unique and potentially costly solutions will be required to recover, handle and process the wastes. In conclusion: the Government of Canada has initiated a program to deal with nuclear legacy liabilities dating back to the Cold War and the birth of nuclear technologies and medicine in Canada. The 5

  12. Resolving Past Liabilities for Future Reduction in Greenhouse Gases; Nuclear Energy and the Outstanding Federal Liability of Spent Nuclear Fuel

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Donohue, Jay

    This thesis will: (1) examine the current state of nuclear power in the U.S.; (2) provide a comparison of nuclear power to both existing alternative/renewable sources of energy as well as fossil fuels; (3) dissect Standard Contracts created pursuant to the National Waste Policy Act (NWPA), Congress' attempt to find a solution for Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF), and the designation of Yucca Mountain as a repository; (4) the anticipated failure of Yucca Mountain; (5) explore WIPP as well as attempts to build a facility on Native American land in Utah; (6) examine reprocessing as a solution for SNF used by France and Japan; and, finally, (7) propose a solution to reduce GHG's by developing new nuclear energy plants with financial support from the U.S. government and a solution to build a storage facility for SNF through the sitting of a repository based on a "bottom-up" cooperative federalism approach.

  13. 29 CFR 500.127 - Limitations on cancellation of insurance or liability bond of registered farm labor contractors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS MIGRANT AND SEASONAL AGRICULTURAL WORKER PROTECTION Motor Vehicle Safety and Insurance for Transportation of Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural...

  14. 29 CFR 500.127 - Limitations on cancellation of insurance or liability bond of registered farm labor contractors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS MIGRANT AND SEASONAL AGRICULTURAL WORKER PROTECTION Motor Vehicle Safety and Insurance for Transportation of Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural...

  15. 48 CFR 28.307-2 - Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Liability. 28.307-2 Section 28.307-2 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS BONDS AND INSURANCE Insurance 28.307-2 Liability. (a) Workers' compensation and employer's liability. Contractors are required to...

  16. 48 CFR 28.307-2 - Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Liability. 28.307-2 Section 28.307-2 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS BONDS AND INSURANCE Insurance 28.307-2 Liability. (a) Workers' compensation and employer's liability. Contractors are required to...

  17. Causation's nuclear future: applying proportional liability to the Price-Anderson Act.

    PubMed

    O'Connell, William D

    2014-11-01

    For more than a quarter century, public discourse has pushed the nuclear-power industry in the direction of heavier regulation and greater scrutiny, effectively halting construction of new reactors. By focusing on contemporary fear of significant accidents, such discourse begs the question of what the nation's court system would actually do should a major nuclear incident cause radiation-induced cancers. Congress's attempt to answer that question is the Price-Anderson Act, a broad statute addressing claims by the victims of a major nuclear accident. Lower courts interpreting the Act have repeatedly encountered a major stumbling block: it declares that judges must apply the antediluvian preponderance-of-the-evidence logic of state tort law, even though radiation science insists that the causes of radiation-induced cancers are more complex. After a major nuclear accident, the Act's paradoxically outdated rules for adjudicating "causation" would make post-incident compensation unworkable. This Note urges that nuclear-power-plant liability should not turn on eighteenth-century tort law. Drawing on modern scientific conclusions regarding the invariably "statistical" nature of cancer, this Note suggests a unitary federal standard for the Price-Anderson Act--that a defendant be deemed to have "caused" a plaintiff's injury in direct proportion to the increased risk of harm the defendant has imposed. This "proportional liability" rule would not only fairly evaluate the costs borne by injured plaintiffs and protect a reawakening nuclear industry from the prospect of bank-breaking litigation, but would prove workable with only minor changes to the Price-Anderson Act's standards of "injury" and "fault." PMID:25507406

  18. Causation's nuclear future: applying proportional liability to the Price-Anderson Act.

    PubMed

    O'Connell, William D

    2014-11-01

    For more than a quarter century, public discourse has pushed the nuclear-power industry in the direction of heavier regulation and greater scrutiny, effectively halting construction of new reactors. By focusing on contemporary fear of significant accidents, such discourse begs the question of what the nation's court system would actually do should a major nuclear incident cause radiation-induced cancers. Congress's attempt to answer that question is the Price-Anderson Act, a broad statute addressing claims by the victims of a major nuclear accident. Lower courts interpreting the Act have repeatedly encountered a major stumbling block: it declares that judges must apply the antediluvian preponderance-of-the-evidence logic of state tort law, even though radiation science insists that the causes of radiation-induced cancers are more complex. After a major nuclear accident, the Act's paradoxically outdated rules for adjudicating "causation" would make post-incident compensation unworkable. This Note urges that nuclear-power-plant liability should not turn on eighteenth-century tort law. Drawing on modern scientific conclusions regarding the invariably "statistical" nature of cancer, this Note suggests a unitary federal standard for the Price-Anderson Act--that a defendant be deemed to have "caused" a plaintiff's injury in direct proportion to the increased risk of harm the defendant has imposed. This "proportional liability" rule would not only fairly evaluate the costs borne by injured plaintiffs and protect a reawakening nuclear industry from the prospect of bank-breaking litigation, but would prove workable with only minor changes to the Price-Anderson Act's standards of "injury" and "fault." PMID:25423683

  19. [Perspectives in medical liability].

    PubMed

    Pizarro W, Carlos

    2008-04-01

    The progressive increase of medical negligence law suits requires an updated analysis of the current situation of medical liability in Chile. The application of a new criminal procedure will avoid criminal prosecution of doctors, transferring to the civil courts the pecuniary sanctions for malpractice. Medical negligence and damage inflicted by doctors that require compensation are explained. The most likely evolution of medical liability is proposed, through an increase in civil liability insurance and the necessary standardization of rules applicable to professional liability. PMID:18769798

  20. 40 CFR 267.147 - Liability requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... obtaining liability insurance as specified in 40 CFR 264.147(a)(1). (5) Financial test for liability... 40 CFR 264.147(j). (2) Surety bond for liability coverage. An owner or operator may meet the requirements of this section by obtaining a surety bond for liability coverage as specified in 40 CFR...

  1. Managing the Nuclear Legacy in the United Kingdom: Strategies and Progress in the Formation of a Liabilities Management Authority

    SciTech Connect

    Edwards, A.; Meyers, B.

    2003-02-25

    This presentation describes the status of recent initiatives undertaken by the United Kingdom Government to address the long-standing problems confronting it with regards to discharge of public sector civil nuclear liabilities. It describes the enabling steps taken thus far in the creation of a Liabilities Management Unit (LMU) to prepare the ground for this important work, with specific reference to some of the more technically challenging problems which must be resolved in order to make progress towards cleaning up the UK's nuclear legacy facilities and waste materials. Finally, it addresses some of the approaches proposed by the LMU as it seeks to establish a robust, permanent entity to meet the challenges.

  2. Medicaid and Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) Programs; Medicaid Managed Care, CHIP Delivered in Managed Care, and Revisions Related to Third Party Liability. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2016-05-01

    This final rule modernizes the Medicaid managed care regulations to reflect changes in the usage of managed care delivery systems. The final rule aligns, where feasible, many of the rules governing Medicaid managed care with those of other major sources of coverage, including coverage through Qualified Health Plans and Medicare Advantage plans; implements statutory provisions; strengthens actuarial soundness payment provisions to promote the accountability of Medicaid managed care program rates; and promotes the quality of care and strengthens efforts to reform delivery systems that serve Medicaid and CHIP beneficiaries. It also ensures appropriate beneficiary protections and enhances policies related to program integrity. This final rule also implements provisions of the Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2009 (CHIPRA) and addresses third party liability for trauma codes. PMID:27192729

  3. "Wrapping Up" Your Construction Insurance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferraro, Mark

    1998-01-01

    School facility managers are beginning to use a special insurance-management technique called wrap-up. The project owner purchases a bulk construction insurance policy consisting of general liability, excess liability, workers' compensation, and builders' risk insurance. Wrap-ups ensure competitive pricing, safety incentives, lower claims costs,…

  4. Liability Management for Outdoor Experiential Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Frank

    1995-01-01

    Outdoor experiential program providers must be aware of certain issues in order to reduce or eliminate liability claims against their organization and employees. These include liability insurance, liability education, risk control, and record keeping. Recommends that all outdoor program providers provide risk management training to employees and…

  5. Managing 'tail liability'.

    PubMed

    Frese, Richard C; Weber, Ryan J

    2013-11-01

    To reduce and control their level of tail liability, hospitals should: Utilize a self-insurance vehicle; Consider combined limits between the hospital and physicians; Communicate any program changes to the actuary, underwriter, and auditor; Continue risk management and safety practices; Ensure credit is given to the organization's own medical malpractice program. PMID:24340649

  6. Medical liability reform crisis 2008.

    PubMed

    Weinstein, Stuart L

    2009-02-01

    The crisis of medical liability has resulted in drastic increases in insurance premiums and reduced access for patients to specialty care, particularly in areas such as obstetrics/gynecology, neurosurgery, and orthopaedic surgery. The current liability environment neither effectively compensates persons injured from medical negligence nor encourages addressing system errors to improve patient safety. The author reviews trends across the nation and reports on the efforts of an organization called "Doctors for Medical Liability Reform" to educate the public and lawmakers on the need for solutions to the chaotic process of adjudicating medical malpractice claims in the United States. PMID:18989732

  7. 48 CFR 1052.228-70 - Insurance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Insurance requirements... Insurance requirements. As prescribed in 1028.310-70 and 1028.311-2, insert a clause substantially as... liability, vessel liability) or increased amounts of insurance. INSURANCE AUG 2011 In accordance with...

  8. 31 CFR 50.90 - Cap on annual liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Cap on annual liability. 50.90 Section 50.90 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury TERRORISM RISK INSURANCE PROGRAM Cap on Annual Liability § 50.90 Cap on annual liability. Pursuant to Section 103 of the Act,...

  9. 31 CFR 50.90 - Cap on annual liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Cap on annual liability. 50.90 Section 50.90 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury TERRORISM RISK INSURANCE PROGRAM Cap on Annual Liability § 50.90 Cap on annual liability. Pursuant to Section 103 of the Act,...

  10. 30 CFR 800.13 - Period of liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... AND INSURANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS BOND AND INSURANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS UNDER REGULATORY PROGRAMS § 800.13 Period of liability. (a)(1) Performance bond liability shall be for the duration of the surface coal mining...

  11. 30 CFR 800.13 - Period of liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... AND INSURANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS BOND AND INSURANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS UNDER REGULATORY PROGRAMS § 800.13 Period of liability. (a)(1) Performance bond liability shall be for the duration of the surface coal mining...

  12. 30 CFR 800.13 - Period of liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... AND INSURANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS BOND AND INSURANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS UNDER REGULATORY PROGRAMS § 800.13 Period of liability. (a)(1) Performance bond liability shall be for the duration of the surface coal mining...

  13. 30 CFR 800.13 - Period of liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... AND INSURANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS BOND AND INSURANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS UNDER REGULATORY PROGRAMS § 800.13 Period of liability. (a)(1) Performance bond liability shall be for the duration of the surface coal mining...

  14. 30 CFR 800.13 - Period of liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... AND INSURANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS BOND AND INSURANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS UNDER REGULATORY PROGRAMS § 800.13 Period of liability. (a)(1) Performance bond liability shall be for the duration of the surface coal mining...

  15. The Mold Insurance Crisis: Less than It Appears.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mangan, Joseph F.

    2003-01-01

    Discusses two different but closely related problems that must be solved when determining what insurance coverage a campus needs for mold losses: issues of property insurance and of liability insurance. (EV)

  16. 22 CFR 151.6 - Authorized insurer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Authorized insurer. 151.6 Section 151.6 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL § 151.6 Authorized insurer. The insurance must be issued by an...

  17. 22 CFR 151.6 - Authorized insurer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Authorized insurer. 151.6 Section 151.6 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL § 151.6 Authorized insurer. The insurance must be issued by an...

  18. 22 CFR 151.6 - Authorized insurer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Authorized insurer. 151.6 Section 151.6 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL § 151.6 Authorized insurer. The insurance must be issued by an...

  19. 22 CFR 151.6 - Authorized insurer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Authorized insurer. 151.6 Section 151.6 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL § 151.6 Authorized insurer. The insurance must be issued by an...

  20. 22 CFR 151.6 - Authorized insurer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Authorized insurer. 151.6 Section 151.6 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL § 151.6 Authorized insurer. The insurance must be issued by an...

  1. 12 CFR 714.7 - What are the insurance requirements applicable to leasing?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... must maintain a contingent liability insurance policy with an endorsement for leasing or be named as the co-insured if you do not own the leased property. Contingent liability insurance protects you... nationally recognized industry rating of at least a B+. (b) Your member must carry the normal liability...

  2. 29 CFR 500.120 - Insurance policy or liability bond is required for each vehicle used to transport any migrant or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... vehicle used to transport any migrant or seasonal agricultural worker. 500.120 Section 500.120 Labor... SEASONAL AGRICULTURAL WORKER PROTECTION Motor Vehicle Safety and Insurance for Transportation of Migrant... transport any migrant or seasonal agricultural worker or his property in any vehicle such...

  3. 29 CFR 500.120 - Insurance policy or liability bond is required for each vehicle used to transport any migrant or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... vehicle used to transport any migrant or seasonal agricultural worker. 500.120 Section 500.120 Labor... SEASONAL AGRICULTURAL WORKER PROTECTION Motor Vehicle Safety and Insurance for Transportation of Migrant... transport any migrant or seasonal agricultural worker or his property in any vehicle such...

  4. 46 CFR Sec. 13 - Insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... REPAIRS UNDER NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY MASTER LUMP SUM REPAIR CONTRACT-NSA-LUMPSUMREP Sec. 13 Insurance. Article 9 of the NSA-LUMPSUMREP Contract sets forth the Contractor's liabilities and obligations...

  5. 46 CFR Sec. 13 - Insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... REPAIRS UNDER NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY MASTER LUMP SUM REPAIR CONTRACT-NSA-LUMPSUMREP Sec. 13 Insurance. Article 9 of the NSA-LUMPSUMREP Contract sets forth the Contractor's liabilities and obligations...

  6. 46 CFR Sec. 13 - Insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... REPAIRS UNDER NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY MASTER LUMP SUM REPAIR CONTRACT-NSA-LUMPSUMREP Sec. 13 Insurance. Article 9 of the NSA-LUMPSUMREP Contract sets forth the Contractor's liabilities and obligations...

  7. 20 CFR 726.202 - Who may underwrite an operator's liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED BLACK LUNG BENEFITS; REQUIREMENTS FOR COAL MINE OPERATOR'S INSURANCE Insurance Contracts § 726.202 Who may underwrite an operator's liability. Each coal mine operator who is not authorized to self-insure shall insure and keep insured the...

  8. Tort Liability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hudgins, H. C., Jr.

    This chapter summarices and analyzes all state supreme court and federal court decisions as well as other significant court decisions involving the tort liability of school districts and school personnel. The cases discussed are generally limited to those decided during 1974 and reported in the General Digest on or before March 1, 1975. In his…

  9. Your Insurance Dollar. Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.

    This booklet provides some practical guidelines for determining total insurance needs, examining options, and comparing costs. It discusses how to fit insurance costs into an overall financial plan, the necessity of adequate liability coverage, and the importance of keeping policies up to date. The next four sections highlight the basic types of…

  10. 20 CFR 341.7 - Liability on Board's claim.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... INSURANCE ACT STATUTORY LIEN WHERE SICKNESS BENEFITS PAID § 341.7 Liability on Board's claim. (a) A person or company paying any sum or damages to an employee who has received sickness benefits from the...

  11. 20 CFR 341.7 - Liability on Board's claim.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... INSURANCE ACT STATUTORY LIEN WHERE SICKNESS BENEFITS PAID § 341.7 Liability on Board's claim. (a) A person or company paying any sum or damages to an employee who has received sickness benefits from the...

  12. 20 CFR 341.7 - Liability on Board's claim.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... INSURANCE ACT STATUTORY LIEN WHERE SICKNESS BENEFITS PAID § 341.7 Liability on Board's claim. (a) A person or company paying any sum or damages to an employee who has received sickness benefits from the...

  13. 20 CFR 341.7 - Liability on Board's claim.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... INSURANCE ACT STATUTORY LIEN WHERE SICKNESS BENEFITS PAID § 341.7 Liability on Board's claim. (a) A person or company paying any sum or damages to an employee who has received sickness benefits from the...

  14. 20 CFR 341.7 - Liability on Board's claim.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... INSURANCE ACT STATUTORY LIEN WHERE SICKNESS BENEFITS PAID § 341.7 Liability on Board's claim. (a) A person or company paying any sum or damages to an employee who has received sickness benefits from the...

  15. 30 CFR 778.18 - Insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Insurance. 778.18 Section 778.18 Mineral... APPLICATIONS-MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR LEGAL, FINANCIAL, COMPLIANCE, AND RELATED INFORMATION § 778.18 Insurance. An application shall contain either a certificate of liability insurance or evidence of...

  16. 32 CFR 855.11 - Insurance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Insurance requirements. 855.11 Section 855.11... OF UNITED STATES AIR FORCE AIRFIELDS Civil Aircraft Landing Permits § 855.11 Insurance requirements. Applicants must provide proof of third-party liability insurance on a DD Form 2400, with the amounts...

  17. 32 CFR 855.11 - Insurance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Insurance requirements. 855.11 Section 855.11... OF UNITED STATES AIR FORCE AIRFIELDS Civil Aircraft Landing Permits § 855.11 Insurance requirements. Applicants must provide proof of third-party liability insurance on a DD Form 2400, with the amounts...

  18. 30 CFR 778.18 - Insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Insurance. 778.18 Section 778.18 Mineral... APPLICATIONS-MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR LEGAL, FINANCIAL, COMPLIANCE, AND RELATED INFORMATION § 778.18 Insurance. An application shall contain either a certificate of liability insurance or evidence of...

  19. 40 CFR 267.147 - Liability requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... copy of the independent certified public accountant's unqualified opinion of the owner's or operator's... certified public accountant. An adverse opinion, disclaimer of opinion, or other qualified opinion will be... obtaining liability insurance as specified in 40 CFR 264.147(a)(1). (5) Financial test for...

  20. 40 CFR 267.147 - Liability requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... copy of the independent certified public accountant's unqualified opinion of the owner's or operator's... certified public accountant. An adverse opinion, disclaimer of opinion, or other qualified opinion will be... obtaining liability insurance as specified in 40 CFR 264.147(a)(1). (5) Financial test for...

  1. 40 CFR 267.147 - Liability requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... copy of the independent certified public accountant's unqualified opinion of the owner's or operator's... certified public accountant. An adverse opinion, disclaimer of opinion, or other qualified opinion will be... obtaining liability insurance as specified in 40 CFR 264.147(a)(1). (5) Financial test for...

  2. Insurance and Risk Management at the National Outdoor Leadership School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chu, Lantien

    1990-01-01

    Describes how an outdoor program specializing in wilderness expeditions approaches risk management, liability, and insurance. Discusses maintaining good communications with insurance agents, managing crisis situations, participating in program audits, reading the fine print, international insurance coverage, and the basis for insurance premiums.…

  3. AEE's Report on the Insurance Issue: Part II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marlow, Peggy

    1986-01-01

    Sixty-three outdoor adventure programs were reviewed to research the availability of general liability insurance for outdoor programs. Data were gathered on populations served, activities, insurer, and amount of general liability coverage. Three companies offered policies with high risk activity exclusions. Alternative ways to provide for…

  4. 48 CFR 3052.228-70 - Insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... of Provisions and Clauses 3052.228-70 Insurance. As prescribed in (HSAR) 48 CFR 3028.310-70 and 3028... liability. The contractor shall, as a minimum, meet the requirements specified at (FAR) 48 CFR 28.307-2(a...) 48 CFR 28.307-2(b). (c) Automobile liability. The contractor shall, as a minimum, meet...

  5. 48 CFR 3052.228-70 - Insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... of Provisions and Clauses 3052.228-70 Insurance. As prescribed in (HSAR) 48 CFR 3028.310-70 and 3028... liability. The contractor shall, as a minimum, meet the requirements specified at (FAR) 48 CFR 28.307-2(a...) 48 CFR 28.307-2(b). (c) Automobile liability. The contractor shall, as a minimum, meet...

  6. 12 CFR 714.7 - What are the insurance requirements applicable to leasing?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... the co-insured if you do not own the leased property. Contingent liability insurance protects you should you be sued as the owner of the leased property. You must use an insurance company with a... property insurance on the leased property. You must be named as an additional insured on the...

  7. 12 CFR 714.7 - What are the insurance requirements applicable to leasing?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... the co-insured if you do not own the leased property. Contingent liability insurance protects you should you be sued as the owner of the leased property. You must use an insurance company with a... property insurance on the leased property. You must be named as an additional insured on the...

  8. 12 CFR 714.7 - What are the insurance requirements applicable to leasing?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... the co-insured if you do not own the leased property. Contingent liability insurance protects you should you be sued as the owner of the leased property. You must use an insurance company with a... property insurance on the leased property. You must be named as an additional insured on the...

  9. 12 CFR 714.7 - What are the insurance requirements applicable to leasing?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... the co-insured if you do not own the leased property. Contingent liability insurance protects you should you be sued as the owner of the leased property. You must use an insurance company with a... property insurance on the leased property. You must be named as an additional insured on the...

  10. Environmental insurance adapts to changing needs

    SciTech Connect

    Vuono, M. )

    1995-03-01

    No longer simply a specialty service niche, environmental insurance has become an increasingly important asset to businesses worldwide. Companies of all sizes are using insurance as a proactive tool for prudent environmental risk management. During the last five years, the environmental insurance industry has matured to meet the ever-changing environmental insurance needs of business. A broad range of policies and programs offers coverage against damages caused by chemical spills, hazardous material and related environmental contaminants. Securing environmental insurance coverage has become as customary for many businesses as acquiring general liability and automobile insurance.

  11. Insurance in clinical research

    PubMed Central

    Ghooi, Ravindra B.; Divekar, Deepa

    2014-01-01

    Aims and Objectives: Sponsors need to pay for management of all serious adverse events suffered by subjects in a clinical trial and to compensate for injuries or deaths related to the trial. This study examines if insurance policies of trials, cover all contingencies that require reimbursement or compensation. Materials and Methods: Insurance policies of trials submitted to Sahyadri Hospitals between January 2013 and December 2013 were studied, with respect to the policy period, the limit of liability, deductibles, and preconditions if any. Results: All the policies studied had some deficiencies, in one respect or the other and none had a provision to pay full compensation if required. Some insurers have put in preconditions that could jeopardize the payment of compensation to subjects. Conclusions: Insurances are complicated documents, and need to be critically examined by the ethics committee before approval of the study documents. PMID:25276622

  12. controlling retained insurance costs through an allocation.

    PubMed

    Frese, Richard C

    2015-06-01

    An insurance allocation may help a hospital or health system achieve the following goals for its professional liability and workers' compensation self-insurance or large-deductible programs: Loss-control incentive. Stability. Equity. Comprehension. Ease of administration. PMID:26665334

  13. "Claims Made" Insurance Requires Thoughtful Consideration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McConnell, James G.

    1986-01-01

    The Insurance Service Office's extensive revisions of its commercial general liability policy, including the "claims made" coverage, have been approved in most states. Before accepting a policy in today's insurance market, purchasers should be aware that defense costs can create problems during settlement negotiations. (CJH)

  14. The malpractice liability crisis.

    PubMed

    Brenner, R James; Smith, John J

    2004-01-01

    Most medical malpractice cases are tried under the civil tort of negligence and are often triggered by adverse outcomes. These proceedings are aimed primarily at determining whether the conduct of a health care provider was reasonable. Such legal actions have mostly been subject to state jurisdiction. Increasingly, a number of factors are converging that are threatening the continued practice of medicine in some states and hence patients' access to care. These include higher amounts of monetary damages awarded to successful plaintiffs, consequent rising malpractice premiums, and the threatened economic insolvency of medical liability insurance carriers as a result of the broader economic downturn. The result is a serious public health dilemma. The national scope of the problem has been considered a crisis, which has prompted unprecedented federal legislative proposals directed toward providing new and preemptive parameters for capitated noneconomic damages, restrictions on certain civil procedures affecting lawsuit outcomes, and methods for attorney compensation, which some states have either not previously addressed or found unconstitutional. A survey of different states' problems and common issues should assist the reader in understanding the nature of the crisis and proposed solutions. PMID:17411514

  15. Risk-based Prioritization of Facility Decommissioning and Environmental Restoration Projects in the National Nuclear Legacy Liabilities Program at the Chalk River Laboratory - 13564

    SciTech Connect

    Nelson, Jerel G.; Kruzic, Michael; Castillo, Carlos; Pavey, Todd; Alexan, Tamer; Bainbridge, Ian

    2013-07-01

    Chalk River Laboratory (CRL), located in Ontario Canada, has a large number of remediation projects currently in the Nuclear Legacy Liabilities Program (NLLP), including hundreds of facility decommissioning projects and over one hundred environmental remediation projects, all to be executed over the next 70 years. Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) utilized WorleyParsons to prioritize the NLLP projects at the CRL through a risk-based prioritization and ranking process, using the WorleyParsons Sequencing Unit Prioritization and Estimating Risk Model (SUPERmodel). The prioritization project made use of the SUPERmodel which has been previously used for other large-scale site prioritization and sequencing of facilities at nuclear laboratories in the United States. The process included development and vetting of risk parameter matrices as well as confirmation/validation of project risks. Detailed sensitivity studies were also conducted to understand the impacts that risk parameter weighting and scoring had on prioritization. The repeatable prioritization process yielded an objective, risk-based and technically defendable process for prioritization that gained concurrence from all stakeholders, including Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) who is responsible for the oversight of the NLLP. (authors)

  16. Is liability possible for forensic psychiatrists?

    PubMed

    Weinstock, R; Garrick, T

    1995-01-01

    Forensic psychiatrists are not as vulnerable to liability as general psychiatrists. The absence of a traditional physician-patient relationship and judicial and quasijudicial immunity are all protective against malpractice actions. Although the absence of a doctor-patient relationship removes an essential element of malpractice, other types of liability such as defamation and ordinary negligence are possible and may not be covered by malpractice insurance. A model is proposed for forensic psychiatry of a partial secondary doctor-patient relationship out-weighted in most circumstances by duties to truth and/or the hiring attorney. Such a model seems most consistent with conflicting duties currently forced on all psychiatrists. This model has advantages of a duty, a violation of which is likely to be covered by malpractice insurance. Rather than deemphasizing partial secondary physician-patient responsibilities, it is advised to stress the important protection provided by judicial and quasijudicial immunity. PMID:8605402

  17. 22 CFR 151.3 - Types of insurance coverage required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Types of insurance coverage required. 151.3 Section 151.3 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL § 151.3 Types of insurance coverage required....

  18. 22 CFR 151.3 - Types of insurance coverage required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Types of insurance coverage required. 151.3 Section 151.3 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL § 151.3 Types of insurance coverage required....

  19. 22 CFR 151.3 - Types of insurance coverage required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Types of insurance coverage required. 151.3 Section 151.3 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL § 151.3 Types of insurance coverage required....

  20. 22 CFR 151.3 - Types of insurance coverage required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Types of insurance coverage required. 151.3 Section 151.3 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL § 151.3 Types of insurance coverage required....

  1. 22 CFR 151.3 - Types of insurance coverage required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Types of insurance coverage required. 151.3 Section 151.3 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL § 151.3 Types of insurance coverage required....

  2. Controlling enviromental impairment from an insurance perspective

    SciTech Connect

    Gulledge, W.P )

    1988-01-01

    Protecting against losses due to environmental impairment covers a broad spectrum of events. The damaged party may be a person bodily injury or the environment itself (property damage). Insurance has traditionally protected losses to either source through liability policies. Many courts have interpreted general liability policies to also cover pollution losses, a coverage the insurance industry believes was never intended. Losses from both sudden, accidental releases and gradual emissions have been covered in one policy format or another. If pollution coverage was intended, on policy may have covered damages to the site itself (on-site cleanup coverage), while another policy only provided insurance for damages to off-site third parties. However, environmental impairment liability (EIL) insurance is evolving to offer a clearer, more stable market and product for the purchaser. This book discusses risk management for underground storage tanks.

  3. Camp Insurance 101: Understanding the Fundamentals of a Camp Insurance Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garner, Ian

    2001-01-01

    This short course on insurance for camps discusses coverage, including the various types of liability, property, and other types of coverage; the difference between direct writers, brokers, agents, and captive agents; choosing an insurance company; and checking on the financial stability of recommended carriers. Three Web sites are given for…

  4. [Medical expert assessment in civil and criminal law from the legal liability viewpoint].

    PubMed

    Kümper, H J

    1996-11-01

    In view of the wide range of liability claims, expert medical reports constitute part of the basis of the work of liability insurers. However, the very different qualifications of experts often present the so-called "corporate physician" with great problems, since some expert reports are hardly acceptable, as the author discovered during many years of study of a large number of liability files. In addition, the most striking and frequently occurring criteria are discussed. PMID:9064928

  5. The Power of Integrators, Financiers, and Insurers to Reduce Proliferation Risks: Nuclear Dual-Use Goods

    SciTech Connect

    Weise, Rachel A.; Hund, Gretchen

    2015-05-01

    Globalization of manufacturing supply chains has changed the nature of nuclear proliferation. Before 1991, nonproliferation efforts focused almost exclusively on limiting the spread of materials and equipment specifically designed for nuclear use -- reactors, centrifuges, and fissile material. Dual-use items, those items with both nuclear and non-nuclear applications, were not closely scrutinized or controlled. However, in 1991 the international community discovered that Iraq had developed a fairly sophisticated nuclear weapons program by importing dual-use items; this discovery spurred the international community to increase controls on dual-use technologies. Despite these international efforts, dual-use items are still a challenge for those seeking to limit proliferation.

  6. About Insurance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pieslak, Raymond F.

    The student manual for high school level special needs students was prepared to acquaint deaf students with the various types of insurance protection that will be available to them in their future life. Seven units covering the topics of what insurance is, automobile insurance, life insurance, health insurance, social security, homeowner's…

  7. 46 CFR 282.24 - Protection and indemnity insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... of having crew liability and all other liabilities insured with different underwriters. The operator... and pending for each calendar year of a three-year period commencing six years prior to January 1 of... period P&I deductible subsidy for the three-year period shall be divided by the voyage days for...

  8. 26 CFR 31.3111-4 - Liability for employer tax.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 15 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Liability for employer tax. 31.3111-4 Section...) EMPLOYMENT TAXES AND COLLECTION OF INCOME TAX AT SOURCE EMPLOYMENT TAXES AND COLLECTION OF INCOME TAX AT SOURCE Federal Insurance Contributions Act (Chapter 21, Internal Revenue Code of 1954) Tax on...

  9. They're Suing Us? Liability and Risk Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hollander, Patricia A.

    1982-01-01

    Legal issues in liability for and prevention of injuries through negligence are discussed: proving negligence, who is owed a duty of care, who may be sued, remedies, risk management (shifting risk, insurance, indemnification, waivers and releases), and preventing claims (warning of known danger, proper supervision, school maintenance, security,…

  10. Internship and Consulting Engagements: Management of the University's Liability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peak, Daniel A.; O'Hara, Michael J.

    1999-01-01

    Examines liability incurred by university-sponsored information technology internships and consulting relationships with the business community. In these outreach engagements, the university takes the role of primary insurer for the business client and provides an indemnity shield for the university's representatives. As the number of engagements…

  11. Liability Issues of Using Volunteers in Public Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harshfield, James B.

    1996-01-01

    School districts must properly manage volunteers to protect children from negligent behavior. Districts can reduce the risk of using volunteers by developing volunteer-management policies and procedures; maintaining adequate liability insurance; developing descriptions of volunteer responsibilities; screening interested persons; and providing…

  12. The Off-Site Plowshare and Vela Uniform Programs: Assessing Potential Environmental Liabilities through an Examination of Proposed Nuclear Projects,High Explosive Experiments, and High Explosive Construction Activities Volume 3 of 3

    SciTech Connect

    Beck Colleen M.,Edwards Susan R.,King Maureen L.

    2011-09-01

    This document presents the results of nearly six years (2002-2008) of historical research and field studies concerned with evaluating potential environmental liabilities associated with U.S. Atomic Energy Commission projects from the Plowshare and Vela Uniform Programs. The Plowshare Program's primary purpose was to develop peaceful uses for nuclear explosives. The Vela Uniform Program focused on improving the capability of detecting, monitoring and identifying underground nuclear detonations. As a result of the Project Chariot site restoration efforts in the early 1990s, there were concerns that there might be other project locations with potential environmental liabilities. The Desert Research Institute conducted archival research to identify projects, an analysis of project field activities, and completed field studies at locations where substantial fieldwork had been undertaken for the projects. Although the Plowshare and Vela Uniform nuclear projects are well known, the projects that are included in this research are relatively unknown. They are proposed nuclear projects that were not executed, proposed and executed high explosive experiments, and proposed and executed high explosive construction activities off the Nevada Test Site. The research identified 170 Plowshare and Vela Uniform off-site projects and many of these had little or no field activity associated with them. However, there were 27 projects that merited further investigation and field studies were conducted at 15 locations.

  13. The Off-Site Plowshare and Vela Uniform Programs: Assessing Potential Environmental Liabilities through an Examination of Proposed Nuclear Projects,High Explosive Experiments, and High Explosive Construction Activities Volume 1 of 3

    SciTech Connect

    Beck Colleen M,Edwards Susan R.,King Maureen L.

    2011-09-01

    This document presents the results of nearly six years (2002-2008) of historical research and field studies concerned with evaluating potential environmental liabilities associated with U.S. Atomic Energy Commission projects from the Plowshare and Vela Uniform Programs. The Plowshare Program's primary purpose was to develop peaceful uses for nuclear explosives. The Vela Uniform Program focused on improving the capability of detecting, monitoring and identifying underground nuclear detonations. As a result of the Project Chariot site restoration efforts in the early 1990s, there were concerns that there might be other project locations with potential environmental liabilities. The Desert Research Institute conducted archival research to identify projects, an analysis of project field activities, and completed field studies at locations where substantial fieldwork had been undertaken for the projects. Although the Plowshare and Vela Uniform nuclear projects are well known, the projects that are included in this research are relatively unknown. They are proposed nuclear projects that were not executed, proposed and executed high explosive experiments, and proposed and executed high explosive construction activities off the Nevada Test Site. The research identified 170 Plowshare and Vela Uniform off-site projects and many of these had little or no field activity associated with them. However, there were 27 projects that merited further investigation and field studies were conducted at 15 locations.

  14. The Off-Site Plowshare and Vela Uniform Programs: Assessing Potential Environmental Liabilities through an Examination of Proposed Nuclear Projects,High Explosive Experiments, and High Explosive Construction Activities Volume 2 of 3

    SciTech Connect

    Beck Colleen M.,Edwards Susan R.,King Maureen L.

    2011-09-01

    This document presents the results of nearly six years (2002-2008) of historical research and field studies concerned with evaluating potential environmental liabilities associated with U.S. Atomic Energy Commission projects from the Plowshare and Vela Uniform Programs. The Plowshare Program's primary purpose was to develop peaceful uses for nuclear explosives. The Vela Uniform Program focused on improving the capability of detecting, monitoring and identifying underground nuclear detonations. As a result of the Project Chariot site restoration efforts in the early 1990s, there were concerns that there might be other project locations with potential environmental liabilities. The Desert Research Institute conducted archival research to identify projects, an analysis of project field activities, and completed field studies at locations where substantial fieldwork had been undertaken for the projects. Although the Plowshare and Vela Uniform nuclear projects are well known, the projects that are included in this research are relatively unknown. They are proposed nuclear projects that were not executed, proposed and executed high explosive experiments, and proposed and executed high explosive construction activities off the Nevada Test Site. The research identified 170 Plowshare and Vela Uniform off-site projects and many of these had little or no field activity associated with them. However, there were 27 projects that merited further investigation and field studies were conducted at 15 locations.

  15. How profitable is medical malpractice insurance?

    PubMed

    Hassan, M

    1991-01-01

    High medical malpractice insurance premiums charged to physicians have created the perception of a crisis. Some researchers have expressed the concern that medical malpractice insurance companies are making excessive profits. In this paper I compute the actual and allowable normal underwriting profit rates in medical malpractice, as well as in other liability lines, for six large insurance companies. These allowable, normal profit rates are then compared with actual profit rates to evaluate the relative profitability of each line of insurance. Data from 1978 through 1986 show that medical malpractice insurance ranked medium in underwriting profitability compared with other lines of insurance, and during 1985-86 it was the least profitable insurance business. PMID:1826500

  16. Liability: the complicated task of licensing law enforcement technologies

    SciTech Connect

    Hops, L.W.; Overlin, T.K.

    1996-12-31

    This paper discusses a situation where a company (licensor) requires a liability policy as a condition of a license agreement, when licensing law enforcement technologies. The purpose of this discussion is to evaluate the reasons behind the need for extensive liability policies to protect licensors when marketing their law enforcement technologies to private industry. Finding a solution to the problem, therefore reducing the potential for high liability insurance costs, would be desirable. Since the risks associated with most technologies are virtually unknown, and because such technologies are used in very unpredictable legal environments, alternative ways of guaranteeing research and development enterprises that they will be covered against product liability are needed. Without such protection, licensors may require licensees to indemnify them beyond the usual guarantees provided in a licensing agreement, which may make the license too costly for smaller businesses. When the share of the market is limited to larger corporations, competition suffers and ultimately the cost to law enforcement agencies increases.

  17. Liability: the complicated task of licensing law enforcement technologies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hops, Larry W.; Overlin, Trudy K.

    1997-01-01

    This paper discusses a situation where a company (licensor) requires a liability policy as a condition of a license agreement, when licensing law enforcement technologies. The purpose of this discussion is to evaluate the reasons behind the need for extensive liability policies to protect licensors when marketing their law enforcement technologies to private industry. Finding a solution to the problem, therefore reducing the potential for high liability insurance costs, would be desirable. Since the risks associated with most technologies are virtually unknown, and because such technologies are used in very unpredictable legal environments, alternative ways of guaranteeing research and development enterprises that they will be covered against product liability are needed. Without such protection, licensors may require licensees to indemnify them beyond the usual guarantees provided in a licensing agreement, which may make the license too costly for smaller businesses. When the share of the market is limited to larger corporations, competition suffers and ultimately the cost to law enforcement agencies increases.

  18. Safety and Liability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berthelot, Ronald J.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    This series of five articles highlights Pensacola Junior College's occupational safety course, involving simulated emergencies, Florida's standards for teacher liability, electrical safety in the classroom and laboratory, color coding for machine safety, and Florida industrial arts safety instructional materials. (SK)

  19. 48 CFR 1352.228-70 - Insurance coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... coverage. As prescribed in 48 CFR 1328.310-70(a), insert the following clause: Insurance Coverage (APR 2010... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Insurance coverage. 1352... commercial operations that it would not be practical to require this coverage. Employer's liability...

  20. 48 CFR 1352.228-70 - Insurance coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... coverage. As prescribed in 48 CFR 1328.310-70(a), insert the following clause: Insurance Coverage (APR 2010... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Insurance coverage. 1352... commercial operations that it would not be practical to require this coverage. Employer's liability...

  1. 48 CFR 1352.228-70 - Insurance coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... coverage. As prescribed in 48 CFR 1328.310-70(a), insert the following clause: Insurance Coverage (APR 2010... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Insurance coverage. 1352... commercial operations that it would not be practical to require this coverage. Employer's liability...

  2. 48 CFR 1352.228-70 - Insurance coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... coverage. As prescribed in 48 CFR 1328.310-70(a), insert the following clause: Insurance Coverage (APR 2010... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Insurance coverage. 1352... commercial operations that it would not be practical to require this coverage. Employer's liability...

  3. 26 CFR 1.803-1 - Life insurance reserves.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... covered by the premiums are not included in life insurance reserves. Unpaid loss reserves for noncancellable health and accident policies are included in life insurance reserves if they are computed or... liability is computed, life, health, or accident contingencies. (d) In any case where reserves are...

  4. 48 CFR 970.2803-1 - Workers' Compensation Insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Workers' Compensation...' Compensation Insurance. (a) Policies and requirements. (1) Workers' compensation insurance protects employers against liability imposed by workers' compensation laws for injury or death to employees arising out...

  5. 48 CFR 970.2803-1 - Workers' Compensation Insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Workers' Compensation...' Compensation Insurance. (a) Policies and requirements. (1) Workers' compensation insurance protects employers against liability imposed by workers' compensation laws for injury or death to employees arising out...

  6. 48 CFR 970.2803-1 - Workers' Compensation Insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Workers' Compensation...' Compensation Insurance. (a) Policies and requirements. (1) Workers' compensation insurance protects employers against liability imposed by workers' compensation laws for injury or death to employees arising out...

  7. 48 CFR 970.2803-1 - Workers' Compensation Insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Workers' Compensation...' Compensation Insurance. (a) Policies and requirements. (1) Workers' compensation insurance protects employers against liability imposed by workers' compensation laws for injury or death to employees arising out...

  8. The insurance perspective

    SciTech Connect

    Young, J.A.

    1994-12-31

    There is a need for every environmental remediation contractor as well as any contractor with potential environmentally damaging operations to carry pollution liability insurance protection. No matter how experienced and safety conscious a contractor may be, equipment failures, human error or simply the inability to be 100% certain about all site conditions may result in an unexpected loss. The financial impact of a loss such as this may have very serious immediate effects on the contractors income and ability to stay in business. A million dollar loss would effectively put a small to medium sized contractor out of business while a larger concern would certainly feel the effects in terms of cash flow, the ability to retain key personnel and in the attraction new clients. Additionally, the contractor, small or large, is thrust into a situation involving environmental litigation and claims handling, two areas in which he most likely has no experience or expertise. This presentation will address the role that pollution liability insurance plays in assuring the proper completion of a remediation project without these negative effects, especially when the project goes awry.

  9. Insurance/legal matters

    SciTech Connect

    Cameron, N.

    1995-12-31

    The Federal Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is in the process of finalizing a rule for the requirement of an organized and written Risk Management Program at facilities which may possibly release toxic materials into the air, as mandated in the Clean Air act Amendments (CAAA) of 1990, Section 112(r), No. 7. This Rule is anticipated to be final between November 1994 and June 1995. EPA has estimated that approximately 140,000 facilities nationwide will need to comply with this rule. This discussion includes a description of the required program, the areas of overlap and addition to the previously enacted Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Process Safety Management Standard (PSM), and an overall view of the potential liabilities faced by companies complying with this rule. The CAAA has instituted a process of self-incrimination into the legislation through self-reporting and monitoring requirements. In addition, EPA`s current stance of providing strict and maximum enforcement of environmental laws contributes to the need for careful legal and potential liability review of actions taken in the course of complying with the Risk Management Program Rule. Since the topic for discussion should revolve around insurance issues, the author concludes with a discussion on various insurance products and how the new rule may enhance interest in the products and create potholes in the coverages.

  10. [Medicine aboard cruise ships--law insurance specifics].

    PubMed

    Ottomann, C; Frenzel, R; Muehlberger, T

    2013-04-01

    The booming cruise industry, associated with ships with more passengers and crew on board, results in growing medical needs for the ship doctor. The ship's doctor insurance policy includes different jurisdictions, namely national law, international law, tort law, insurance law and labor law. In addition, international agreements must be taken into account, which complicates the design of an adequate insurance policy. Equally high are the costs and defense costs for the ship's doctor in case of liability. In order to limit the liability for all parties is to ask for appropriately qualified medical staff, hired on board. PMID:23589048

  11. Making health insurers insure.

    PubMed

    Ortolon, Ken

    2010-12-01

    A section of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act requires health plans to maintain a minimum "medical loss ratio," or MLR, of between 80 percent and 85 percent. If they don't, they could be ordered to refund some premium dollars to their beneficiaries. Texas Medical Association officials say the new MLR provision could force health plans to spend more time providing insurance and less time meddling in patient care. But that is still unclear. PMID:21174243

  12. 26 CFR 1.1402(h)-1 - Members of certain religious groups opposed to insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... insurance. 1.1402(h)-1 Section 1.1402(h)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE...(h)-1 Members of certain religious groups opposed to insurance. (a) In general. An individual—(1) Who... 1402(h) and this section refer does not include liability insurance of a kind that provides only...

  13. 26 CFR 1.1402(h)-1 - Members of certain religious groups opposed to insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... insurance. 1.1402(h)-1 Section 1.1402(h)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE...(h)-1 Members of certain religious groups opposed to insurance. (a) In general. An individual—(1) Who... 1402(h) and this section refer does not include liability insurance of a kind that provides only...

  14. 26 CFR 1.1402(h)-1 - Members of certain religious groups opposed to insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... insurance. 1.1402(h)-1 Section 1.1402(h)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE...(h)-1 Members of certain religious groups opposed to insurance. (a) In general. An individual—(1) Who... 1402(h) and this section refer does not include liability insurance of a kind that provides only...

  15. 42 CFR 411.51 - Beneficiary's responsibility with respect to no-fault insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...-fault insurance. 411.51 Section 411.51 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... PAYMENT Limitations on Medicare Payment for Services Covered Under Liability or No-Fault Insurance § 411.51 Beneficiary's responsibility with respect to no-fault insurance. (a) The beneficiary...

  16. 42 CFR 411.51 - Beneficiary's responsibility with respect to no-fault insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...-fault insurance. 411.51 Section 411.51 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... PAYMENT Limitations on Medicare Payment for Services Covered Under Liability or No-Fault Insurance § 411.51 Beneficiary's responsibility with respect to no-fault insurance. (a) The beneficiary...

  17. 42 CFR 411.51 - Beneficiary's responsibility with respect to no-fault insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...-fault insurance. 411.51 Section 411.51 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... PAYMENT Limitations on Medicare Payment for Services Covered Under Liability or No-Fault Insurance § 411.51 Beneficiary's responsibility with respect to no-fault insurance. (a) The beneficiary...

  18. 42 CFR 411.51 - Beneficiary's responsibility with respect to no-fault insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...-fault insurance. 411.51 Section 411.51 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... PAYMENT Limitations on Medicare Payment for Services Covered Under Liability or No-Fault Insurance § 411.51 Beneficiary's responsibility with respect to no-fault insurance. (a) The beneficiary...

  19. 22 CFR 151.10 - Minimum limits of insurance for aircraft and/or vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Minimum limits of insurance for aircraft and/or vessels. 151.10 Section 151.10 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL § 151.10 Minimum limits of insurance...

  20. 22 CFR 151.8 - Evidence of insurance for motor vehicles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Evidence of insurance for motor vehicles. 151.8 Section 151.8 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL § 151.8 Evidence of insurance for motor...

  1. 22 CFR 151.10 - Minimum limits of insurance for aircraft and/or vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Minimum limits of insurance for aircraft and/or vessels. 151.10 Section 151.10 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL § 151.10 Minimum limits of insurance...

  2. 22 CFR 151.8 - Evidence of insurance for motor vehicles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Evidence of insurance for motor vehicles. 151.8 Section 151.8 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL § 151.8 Evidence of insurance for motor...

  3. 22 CFR 151.10 - Minimum limits of insurance for aircraft and/or vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Minimum limits of insurance for aircraft and/or vessels. 151.10 Section 151.10 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL § 151.10 Minimum limits of insurance...

  4. 22 CFR 151.10 - Minimum limits of insurance for aircraft and/or vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Minimum limits of insurance for aircraft and/or vessels. 151.10 Section 151.10 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL § 151.10 Minimum limits of insurance...

  5. 22 CFR 151.8 - Evidence of insurance for motor vehicles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Evidence of insurance for motor vehicles. 151.8 Section 151.8 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL § 151.8 Evidence of insurance for motor...

  6. 22 CFR 151.8 - Evidence of insurance for motor vehicles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Evidence of insurance for motor vehicles. 151.8 Section 151.8 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL § 151.8 Evidence of insurance for motor...

  7. 22 CFR 151.8 - Evidence of insurance for motor vehicles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Evidence of insurance for motor vehicles. 151.8 Section 151.8 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL § 151.8 Evidence of insurance for motor...

  8. 22 CFR 151.10 - Minimum limits of insurance for aircraft and/or vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Minimum limits of insurance for aircraft and/or vessels. 151.10 Section 151.10 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL § 151.10 Minimum limits of insurance...

  9. 20 CFR 703.311 - Required reports; examination of self-insurer accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...-insurer's books of account, records, and other papers to verify any financial statement or other... Office's request, each self-insurer must submit the following reports: (1) A certified financial statement of the self-insurer's assets and liabilities, or a balance sheet. (2) A sworn statement showing...

  10. 26 CFR 1.1402(h)-1 - Members of certain religious groups opposed to insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... insurance. 1.1402(h)-1 Section 1.1402(h)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE...(h)-1 Members of certain religious groups opposed to insurance. (a) In general. An individual—(1) Who... 1402(h) and this section refer does not include liability insurance of a kind that provides only...

  11. 14 CFR 205.7 - Cancellation, withdrawal, modification, expiration, or replacement of insurance coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ..., expiration, or replacement of insurance coverage. 205.7 Section 205.7 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE... LIABILITY INSURANCE § 205.7 Cancellation, withdrawal, modification, expiration, or replacement of insurance... notice period shall start to run from the date such notice is actually received at the Department....

  12. 14 CFR 205.7 - Cancellation, withdrawal, modification, expiration, or replacement of insurance coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., expiration, or replacement of insurance coverage. 205.7 Section 205.7 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE... LIABILITY INSURANCE § 205.7 Cancellation, withdrawal, modification, expiration, or replacement of insurance... notice period shall start to run from the date such notice is actually received at the Department....

  13. 14 CFR 205.7 - Cancellation, withdrawal, modification, expiration, or replacement of insurance coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ..., expiration, or replacement of insurance coverage. 205.7 Section 205.7 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE... LIABILITY INSURANCE § 205.7 Cancellation, withdrawal, modification, expiration, or replacement of insurance... notice period shall start to run from the date such notice is actually received at the Department....

  14. 14 CFR 205.7 - Cancellation, withdrawal, modification, expiration, or replacement of insurance coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ..., expiration, or replacement of insurance coverage. 205.7 Section 205.7 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE... LIABILITY INSURANCE § 205.7 Cancellation, withdrawal, modification, expiration, or replacement of insurance... notice period shall start to run from the date such notice is actually received at the Department....

  15. 14 CFR 205.7 - Cancellation, withdrawal, modification, expiration, or replacement of insurance coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ..., expiration, or replacement of insurance coverage. 205.7 Section 205.7 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE... LIABILITY INSURANCE § 205.7 Cancellation, withdrawal, modification, expiration, or replacement of insurance... notice period shall start to run from the date such notice is actually received at the Department....

  16. Health Insurance

    MedlinePlus

    Health insurance helps protect you from high medical care costs. It is a contract between you and your ... Many people in the United States get a health insurance policy through their employers. In most cases, the ...

  17. Health Insurance

    MedlinePlus

    Health insurance helps protect you from high medical care costs. It is a contract between you and ... Many people in the United States get a health insurance policy through their employers. In most cases, ...

  18. Insurance crisis

    SciTech Connect

    Williams, P.L.

    1996-11-01

    The article discusses the effects of financing and technology advances on the availability of insurance for independent power producers operating gas turbines. Combined cycle units which require new materials and processes make it difficult to assess risk. Insurers are denying coverage, or raising prices and deductibles. Many lenders, however, are requiring insurance prior to financing. Some solutions proposed include information sharing by industry participants and insurers and increased risk acceptance by plant owners/operators.

  19. Report on state liability for radioactive materials transportation incidents: A survey of laws

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-10-01

    The purpose of this report is to provide a synopsis of the liability laws of the Southern States Energy Board`s (SSEB`s) 16 member states. It begins by briefly reviewing potential sources of liability, immunity from liability, waiver of immunity, and statutes of limitation, followed by liability laws of member states. The report was prepared by reviewing legal literature pertaining to governmental liability, with particular emphasis on nuclear waste transportation, including law review articles, legal treatises, technical reports, state statutes and regulations.

  20. [Basic features of medical liability].

    PubMed

    Niksić, Sasa

    2008-01-01

    Medical liability is one of the most important parts of law that regulates health services. Although there are different types of liability in the field of medicine (criminal responsibility, disciplinary proceedings) civil law liability holds central position. Civil law liability in medicine (medical liability) is probably more important than criminal responsibility and disciplinary proceedings because of the number of cases in comparison to the criminal responsibility and impact of the consequences in comparison to the disciplinary proceedings. Medical liability is governed by a (general) tort law. Therefore medical liability exists only if conditions for civil law liability are met. When considering medical liability it is necessary to emphasize that tortfeasor will not be liable only because victim sustained the damage, but if all conditions for liability are met. Medical liability will arise if actions of physician are not conducted lege artis or in a breach of the duty of care. In some cases of medical liability legal sources are directly applicable (informed consent). General tort law is also applicable on decisions in the respect of the damages. PMID:19146185

  1. Legal Liabilities of Administrators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Underwood, Julie

    This chapter of "Principles of School Business Management" discusses the implications of several court cases for legal issues affecting the role of the school business official. The issues addressed include civil rights, negligence, contracts, criminal liability, tuition and fees, and student records. The chapter opens with a brief overview of…

  2. Love Canal: insurance coverage for environmental accidents

    SciTech Connect

    Hurwitz, S.; Kohane, D.D.

    1983-07-01

    The authors examine the standard insurance exclusionary clause developed by the Insurance Services Office in 1970 regarding injury and property damage from pollution, specifically, its genesis, its incorporation into New York state statutes, a brief history of Love Canal and its legacy of litigation, recent interpretations by US courts, and current developments. They conclude that, in every state where the courts have contended with the pollution exclusion clause in comprehensive general liability policy, judges have interpreted it from the perspective of the expectations and intentions of the insured. The exception to sudden and accidental pollution has, in effect, been interpreted coextensively with the definition of occurrence; that contamination was gradual is of no consequence to the availability of policy protection, the courts having defined sudden as unexpected, unintended, or unprepared for. In this respect, insurance for environmental accidents continues to cover the accidental conduct of the named insured. 25 references.

  3. Aviation or space policy: New challenges for the insurance sector to private human access to space

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van Oijhuizen Galhego Rosa, Ana Cristina

    2013-12-01

    The phenomenon of private human access to space has introduced a new set of problems in the insurance sector. Orbital and suborbital space transportation will surely be unique commercial services for this new market. Discussions are under way regarding space insurance, in order to establish whether this new market ought to be regulated by aviation or space law. Alongside new definitions, infrastructures, legal frameworks and liability insurances, the insurance sector has also been introducing a new approach. In this paper, I aim to analyse some of the possibilities of new premiums, capacities, and policies (under aviation or space insurance rules), as well as the new insurance products related to vehicles, passengers and third party liability. This paper claims that a change toward new insurance regimes is crucial, due to the current stage in development of space tourism and the urgency to adapt insurance rules to support future development in this area.

  4. Management of liabilities at SCK.CEN: lessons learned

    SciTech Connect

    Noynaert, L.; Cornelissen, R.

    2007-07-01

    SCK.CEN launched its technical liabilities and waste management program in 1989. This program refers 3 research reactors, 1 zero power reactor and nuclear laboratories buildings. The main decommissioning activities at SCK.CEN are focused on the BR3 reactor, but decommissioning activities are also carried out in other SCK.CEN facilities. These activities mainly concern old equipments and experiments which have to be decommissioned to make room for new R and D projects. In the past, 4 laboratory buildings of SCK.CEN were fully cleaned before they were transferred for unrestricted reuse to a non nuclear institute. The management of spent fuel and nuclear material is also part of this program. It mainly concerns the back end of BR2 HEU spent fuel, the BR3 LEU and MOX spent fuel. The Technical Liabilities and Waste Management Program are continuously monitored. Technical Liabilities costs were estimated in 1989, 1995, 2000 and 2005. This regular reassessment of the liability costs allows identifying the key issues to be tackled for the sound management of the liabilities. The key issues are listed hereafter by order of decreasing importance: - the differences between the assumption made by the State to secure the Technical Liabilities Fund and the observed economical conditions; - the drastic increase of the waste tariff; - the decrease of the clearance levels; - the development of the legislation regarding decommissioning and waste production activities. (authors)

  5. 31 CFR 1025.320 - Reports by insurance companies of suspicious transactions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... legal proceeding, including a request pursuant to 31 CFR 1.11. (f) Limitation on liability. An insurance... complies with the Bank Secrecy Act, upon request. (e) Confidentiality of SARs. A SAR, and any...

  6. 31 CFR 1025.320 - Reports by insurance companies of suspicious transactions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... legal proceeding, including a request pursuant to 31 CFR 1.11. (f) Limitation on liability. An insurance... complies with the Bank Secrecy Act, upon request. (e) Confidentiality of SARs. A SAR, and any...

  7. 31 CFR 1025.320 - Reports by insurance companies of suspicious transactions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... legal proceeding, including a request pursuant to 31 CFR 1.11. (f) Limitation on liability. An insurance... complies with the Bank Secrecy Act, upon request. (e) Confidentiality of SARs. A SAR, and any...

  8. 31 CFR 1025.320 - Reports by insurance companies of suspicious transactions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... legal proceeding, including a request pursuant to 31 CFR 1.11. (f) Limitation on liability. An insurance... complies with the Bank Secrecy Act, upon request. (e) Confidentiality of SARs. A SAR, and any...

  9. 20 CFR 703.311 - Required reports; examination of self-insurer accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... financial statement of the self-insurer's assets and liabilities, or a balance sheet. (2) A sworn statement... within the purview of the LHWCA or any of its extensions. (3) A sworn statement covering the...

  10. 20 CFR 703.311 - Required reports; examination of self-insurer accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... financial statement of the self-insurer's assets and liabilities, or a balance sheet. (2) A sworn statement... within the purview of the LHWCA or any of its extensions. (3) A sworn statement covering the...

  11. 20 CFR 703.311 - Required reports; examination of self-insurer accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... financial statement of the self-insurer's assets and liabilities, or a balance sheet. (2) A sworn statement... within the purview of the LHWCA or any of its extensions. (3) A sworn statement covering the...

  12. Increasing Liability Premiums in Obstetrics – Analysis, Effects and Options

    PubMed Central

    Soergel, P.; Schöffski, O.; Hillemanns, P.; Hille-Betz, U.; Kundu, S.

    2015-01-01

    Whenever people act, mistakes are made. In Germany, it is thought that a total of 40 000 cases of malpractice occur per year. In recent years, costs for liability insurance have risen significantly in almost all spheres of medicine as a whole. Liability in the health care sector is founded on the contractual relationship between doctor and patient. Most recently, case law developed over many years has been codified with the Patientsʼ Rights Act. In obstetrics, the focus of liability law is on brain damage caused by hypoxia or ischemia as a result of management errors during birth. The costs per claim are made up of various components together with different shares of damage costs (increased needs, in particular therapy costs and nursing fees, acquisition damage, treatment costs, compensation). In obstetrics in particular, recent focus has been on massively increased liability payments, also accompanied by higher liability premiums. This causes considerable financial burdens on hospitals as well as on midwives and attending physicians. The premiums are so high, especially for midwives and attending physicians, that professional practice becomes uneconomical in some cases. In recent years, these circumstances have also been intensely debated in the public sphere and in politics. However, the focus here is on the occupation of midwife. In 2014, in the GKV-FQWG (Statutory Health Insurance – Quality and Further Development Act), a subsidy towards the occupational liability premium was defined for midwives who only attended a few deliveries. However, to date, a complete solution to the problem has not been found. A birth will never be a fully controllable risk, but in rare cases will always end with injury to the child. The goal must be to minimise this risk, through good education and continuous training, as well as constant critical analysis of oneʼs own activities. Furthermore, it seems sensible, especially in non-clinical Obstetrics, to look at the current

  13. Safety and Liability Aspects of Solar Power Satellites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jakhu, Ram S.; Howard, Diane

    2010-09-01

    It is an undisputed fact that the global need for energy will grow exponentially in the future and the search for alternative energy sources will intensify. One alternative source will be space based solar power(SSP), to be collected in space and transmitted to Earth by solar power satellites(SPS). As the appropriate technology becomes proven, the economic and operational viability for the launch of SPS system(s) will, to a large extent, depend upon favorable political and legal determinants. One of such determinants relates to safety risks and possible liability of the operator(s) of SPS system(s). This paper identifies safety risks of, and analyses liability for, damage caused by SPS. Issues, specifically analyzed mainly under international law, include damage caused(in outer space, in the air and on the Earth) by electronic transmission, and mechanisms to manage liability including inter alia insurance coverage, waivers of liability, and dispute settlement mechanisms. The paper contains recommendations for the concerned governments(and their respective private entities) to take regulatory precautions in order to avoid the risks of possible liability and thereby enhances the chances for launch and operation of SPS system(s).

  14. Insurance and indemnification implications of future space projects

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    O'Brien, John E.

    1987-01-01

    NASA options regarding insurance and indemnification policies as they relate to NASA customers and contractors are described. The foundation for the discussion is the way in which NASA is planning to return the Space Shuttle fleet to safe flight as well as current U.S. policy concerning future uses of the Shuttle fleet. Issues discussed include: the nature of the Shuttle manifest; the policy regarding property damage or destruction; insurance against liability to third parties; the reduction of the scope of the risk to be insured; NASA as the insurer; a sharing arrangement between the user and NASA; and contractors and subcontractors involved in Shuttle operations.

  15. 26 CFR 31.3102-3 - Collection of, and liability for, employee tax on tips.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 15 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Collection of, and liability for, employee tax on tips. 31.3102-3 Section 31.3102-3 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE... COLLECTION OF INCOME TAX AT SOURCE Federal Insurance Contributions Act (Chapter 21, Internal Revenue Code...

  16. 12 CFR 303.245 - Waiver of liability for commonly controlled depository institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... controlled depository institutions. (a) Scope. Section 5(e) of the FDI Act (12 U.S.C. 1815(e)) creates...)(6), (7) and (8), the FDI Act also permits the FDIC, in its discretion, to exempt any insured... liability pursuant to section 5 of the FDI Act (12 U.S.C. 1815(e)(5)(A)). (b) Definition. Conditional...

  17. 12 CFR 303.245 - Waiver of liability for commonly controlled depository institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... controlled depository institutions. (a) Scope. Section 5(e) of the FDI Act (12 U.S.C. 1815(e)) creates...)(6), (7) and (8), the FDI Act also permits the FDIC, in its discretion, to exempt any insured... liability pursuant to section 5 of the FDI Act (12 U.S.C. 1815(e)(5)(A)). (b) Definition. Conditional...

  18. 12 CFR 303.245 - Waiver of liability for commonly controlled depository institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... controlled depository institutions. (a) Scope. Section 5(e) of the FDI Act (12 U.S.C. 1815(e)) creates...)(6), (7) and (8), the FDI Act also permits the FDIC, in its discretion, to exempt any insured... liability pursuant to section 5 of the FDI Act (12 U.S.C. 1815(e)(5)(A)). (b) Definition. Conditional...

  19. 12 CFR 303.245 - Waiver of liability for commonly controlled depository institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... controlled depository institutions. (a) Scope. Section 5(e) of the FDI Act (12 U.S.C. 1815(e)) creates...)(6), (7) and (8), the FDI Act also permits the FDIC, in its discretion, to exempt any insured... liability pursuant to section 5 of the FDI Act (12 U.S.C. 1815(e)(5)(A)). (b) Definition. Conditional...

  20. 12 CFR 303.245 - Waiver of liability for commonly controlled depository institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... controlled depository institutions. (a) Scope. Section 5(e) of the FDI Act (12 U.S.C. 1815(e)) creates...)(6), (7) and (8), the FDI Act also permits the FDIC, in its discretion, to exempt any insured... liability pursuant to section 5 of the FDI Act (12 U.S.C. 1815(e)(5)(A)). (b) Definition. Conditional...

  1. 12 CFR 741.8 - Purchase of assets and assumption of liabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Purchase of assets and assumption of... § 741.8 Purchase of assets and assumption of liabilities. (a) Any credit union insured by the National... interest in connection with an extension of credit to any member; or (3) Purchases of assets,...

  2. On the regulator-insurer interaction in a structural model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bernard, Carole; Chen, An

    2009-11-01

    In this paper, we provide a new insight to the previous work of Briys and de Varenne [E. Briys, F. de Varenne, Life insurance in a contingent claim framework: Pricing and regulatory implications, Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance Theory 19 (1) (1994) 53-72], Grosen and Jørgensen [A. Grosen, P.L. Jørgensen, Life insurance liabilities at market value: An analysis of insolvency risk, bonus policy, and regulatory intervention rules in a barrier option framework, Journal of Risk and Insurance 69 (1) (2002) 63-91] and Chen and Suchanecki [A. Chen, M. Suchanecki, Default risk, bankruptcy procedures and the market value of life insurance liabilities, Insurance: Mathematics and Economics 40 (2007) 231-255]. We show that the particular risk management strategy followed by the insurance company can significantly change the risk exposure of the company, and that it should thus be taken into account by regulators. We first study how the regulator establishes regulation intervention levels in order to control for instance the default probability of the insurance company. This part of the analysis is based on a constant volatility. Given that the insurance company is informed of regulatory rules, we study how results can be significantly different when the insurance company follows a risk management strategy with non-constant volatilities. We thus highlight some limits of the prior literature and believe that the risk management strategy of the company should be taken into account in the estimation of the risk exposure as well as in that of the market value of liabilities.

  3. 29 CFR 2520.103-9 - Direct filing for bank or insurance carrier trusts and accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Direct filing for bank or insurance carrier trusts and....103-9 Direct filing for bank or insurance carrier trusts and accounts. (a) General. Under the... report information about the current value of the plan's allocable portion of assets and liabilities...

  4. 29 CFR 2520.103-9 - Direct filing for bank or insurance carrier trusts and accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Direct filing for bank or insurance carrier trusts and....103-9 Direct filing for bank or insurance carrier trusts and accounts. (a) General. Under the... report information about the current value of the plan's allocable portion of assets and liabilities...

  5. 29 CFR 2520.103-9 - Direct filing for bank or insurance carrier trusts and accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Direct filing for bank or insurance carrier trusts and....103-9 Direct filing for bank or insurance carrier trusts and accounts. (a) General. Under the... report information about the current value of the plan's allocable portion of assets and liabilities...

  6. 29 CFR 2520.103-9 - Direct filing for bank or insurance carrier trusts and accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Direct filing for bank or insurance carrier trusts and....103-9 Direct filing for bank or insurance carrier trusts and accounts. (a) General. Under the... report information about the current value of the plan's allocable portion of assets and liabilities...

  7. 29 CFR 2520.103-9 - Direct filing for bank or insurance carrier trusts and accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Direct filing for bank or insurance carrier trusts and....103-9 Direct filing for bank or insurance carrier trusts and accounts. (a) General. Under the... report information about the current value of the plan's allocable portion of assets and liabilities...

  8. 48 CFR 28.312 - Contract clause for insurance of leased motor vehicles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... insurance of leased motor vehicles. 28.312 Section 28.312 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... for insurance of leased motor vehicles. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.228-8, Liability and Insurance—Leased Motor Vehicles, in solicitations and contracts for the leasing of...

  9. 48 CFR 28.312 - Contract clause for insurance of leased motor vehicles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... insurance of leased motor vehicles. 28.312 Section 28.312 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... for insurance of leased motor vehicles. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.228-8, Liability and Insurance—Leased Motor Vehicles, in solicitations and contracts for the leasing of...

  10. 22 CFR 151.4 - Minimum limits for motor vehicle insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Minimum limits for motor vehicle insurance. 151.4 Section 151.4 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL § 151.4 Minimum limits for motor...

  11. 22 CFR 151.4 - Minimum limits for motor vehicle insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Minimum limits for motor vehicle insurance. 151.4 Section 151.4 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL § 151.4 Minimum limits for motor...

  12. 22 CFR 151.4 - Minimum limits for motor vehicle insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Minimum limits for motor vehicle insurance. 151.4 Section 151.4 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL § 151.4 Minimum limits for motor...

  13. 22 CFR 151.4 - Minimum limits for motor vehicle insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Minimum limits for motor vehicle insurance. 151.4 Section 151.4 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL § 151.4 Minimum limits for motor...

  14. 22 CFR 151.4 - Minimum limits for motor vehicle insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Minimum limits for motor vehicle insurance. 151.4 Section 151.4 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL § 151.4 Minimum limits for motor...

  15. 12 CFR 701.33 - Reimbursement, insurance, and indemnification of officials and employees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... its officials and employees against any liability asserted against them and expenses incurred by them... entity as part of a sharing arrangement between the federal credit union and the other entity. ... such insurance protection must exclude life insurance; must be limited to areas of risk,...

  16. 26 CFR 1.1402(h)-1 - Members of certain religious groups opposed to insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... insurance. 1.1402(h)-1 Section 1.1402(h)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Tax on Self-Employment Income § 1.1402(h)-1... 1402(h) and this section refer does not include liability insurance of a kind that provides only...

  17. 48 CFR 252.217-7012 - Liability and insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    .... 252.217-7012 Section 252.217-7012 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text... plant. (4) As to any risk that is assumed by the Government, the Government shall be subrogated to...

  18. Counselor Liability: Does the Risk Require Insurance Coverage?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendrickson, Robert M.

    1982-01-01

    Discusses the legal concept of liabiltiy and the potential risks facing the practicing counselor. Outlines the standard of care that psychiatrists must meet to protect themselves against negligence charges. Discusses actions resulting in false imprisonment, battery, infliction of mental distress, defamation, and "duty to warn." (RC)

  19. 46 CFR 252.34 - Protection and indemnity insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... liabilities insured with different underwriters. The operator shall submit the five-year claims experience not... injury crew claims paid and pending for each calendar year of a three-year period commencing six years... resulting calendar period P&I deductible subsidy for the three-year period shall be divided by the...

  20. 10 CFR 140.107 - Appendix G-Form of indemnity agreement with licensees processing plutonium for use in plutonium...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... specified in Item 2 of the Attachment and in the form of the nuclear energy liability insurance policy... liability of any Nuclear Energy Liability-Property Insurance Association policy designated in Item 5 of the Attachment and the limits of liability of all other nuclear energy liability insurance policies...

  1. 10 CFR 140.107 - Appendix G-Form of indemnity agreement with licensees processing plutonium for use in plutonium...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... specified in Item 2 of the Attachment and in the form of the nuclear energy liability insurance policy... liability of any Nuclear Energy Liability-Property Insurance Association policy designated in Item 5 of the Attachment and the limits of liability of all other nuclear energy liability insurance policies...

  2. The advent of clinical standards for professional liability.

    PubMed

    Holzer, J F

    1990-02-01

    The development of clinically based written standards to reduce the frequency and severity of medical malpractice loss appears to be gaining in popularity among provider specialty groups and professional liability underwriters. To date, such standards have addressed problems in specialties such as obstetrics and anesthesia where dollar losses associated with malpractice claims have been high. Guidelines can be developed and used by providers on a purely voluntary basis or mandated on an involuntary basis by third parties such as malpractice insurance companies or legislators. Because the advent of risk-control standards is a relatively new phenomenon, formal scientific studies on the long-term benefits of such guidelines have not yet been published. However, it appears that sharp reductions of malpractice losses in specialties such as anesthesia have coincided with the implementation of formal written standards specifically designed for liability control. This has led some liability insurance carriers to decrease premiums associated with specialists following such standards. Many providers are understandably concerned about the potential use of written standards by plaintiff attorneys in medical malpractice suits. Although it is possible that such policies and guidelines could be admitted into evidence to show that a provider breached the legal duty or standard of care owed to a patient, it is uncertain whether these risk-control standards could ultimately pass the evidentiary rules of relevancy or materiality in a given lawsuit. It is clear, however, that the consensus-based process of creating clinical standards and guidelines specifically for controlling professional liability losses is itself a powerful and emerging standard for health care risk management programs. PMID:2110357

  3. Health Insurance Basics

    MedlinePlus

    ... How Can I Help a Friend Who Cuts? Health Insurance Basics KidsHealth > For Teens > Health Insurance Basics Print ... thought advanced calculus was confusing. What Exactly Is Health Insurance? Health insurance is a plan that people buy ...

  4. 5 strategies for lessening the self-insurance impact of the ACA.

    PubMed

    Frese, Richard C

    2014-05-01

    Many healthcare organizations use self-insurance programs to control professional liability and workers' compensation exposures, such as self-insured retention, a large deductible program, a trust fund, or a captive. The impact of the Affordable Care Act on self-insurance programs may take years to determine. Communication among all areas involved in the self-insurance program and the evaluation of different cost perspectives will be key to keeping the self-insurance program financially healthy. Empowering actuaries to create different scenarios also will help leaders stay on top of the issue. PMID:24851452

  5. 26 CFR 1.752-1 - Treatment of partnership liabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... definitions apply: (1) Recourse liability defined. A partnership liability is a recourse liability to the extent that any partner or related person bears the economic risk of loss for that liability under § 1.752-2. (2) Nonrecourse liability defined. A partnership liability is a nonrecourse liability to...

  6. Reauthorization of the Price-Anderson Act. Hearings before the Subcommittee on Nuclear Regulation of the Committee on Environment and Public Works, United States Senate, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session on S. 445, S. 1225, and S. 1761, October 22 and 23, 1985, Part 1

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1986-01-01

    Part I of the hearing record covers testimony on three bills (S. 445, S. 1225, and S. 1761) amending the Price-Anderson Act. Witnesses on the first day of the hearing represented the nuclear industry, waste management offices of DOE, and state governments. At issue was liability insurance for DOE civilian and defense activities involving radioactive materials and the balancing of goals with risks in the storage of high-level radioactive wastes. The amendments address the issues of liability limits and the efficient handling of victim compensation. The texts of the three bills follow the testimony of 11 witnesses and opening statements by four senators. Testimony on the second day of the hearing was by Nunzio Palladino of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, other regulators, insurers, and utility representatives.

  7. Managing tort liability risks in the era of the Space Shuttle

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mossinghoff, G. J.

    1979-01-01

    A new section, named section 308 on 'Insurance and Indemnification', that was added to the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, is discussed. The reasons behind the NASA proposed section are examined, and its various provisions mentioned, as well as outlining the steps needed to implement these provisions. Attention is given to the tort liability risks and to the various costs that NASA would need to cover in case of liability for death, bodily harm, or damage to property resulting from activities carried on in connection with the landing, operations or recovery of the Space Shuttle. The entire section and its six subsections are presented in two appendices.

  8. Insurance for electric and magnetic field litigation: Are you covered

    SciTech Connect

    Anderson, E.R.; Stewart, C.A. III

    1993-04-01

    Electrical power generating companies, power transmission companies and large generators and users of electrical power recently felt the sting of a second shock. The first shock came when lawsuits were first filed against companies in the electrical power industry claiming real or imagined damages from electrical and magnetic fields ([open quotes]EMFs[close quotes]). The new and second shock is potentially more devastating because it comes from the [open quotes]safe hands[close quotes] of the insurance industry. Standard-form comprehensive general liability ([open quotes]CGL[close quotes]) insurance policies purchased by nearly every company in the electrical power industry for generations are supposed to cover EMF bodily injury and property damage claims. Not so, say the lawyers for the most prominent insurance company selling insurance coverage to electric utilities, Associated Electric Gas Insurance Services, Ltd. ([open quotes]AEGIS[close quotes]).

  9. Standards applicable to owners and operators of hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal facilities; liability coverage requirements--Environmental Protection Agency. Final rule and notice of extension of effective date.

    PubMed

    1982-07-13

    The effective date for qualifications of insurers providing liability insurance used to satisfy liability coverage requirements applicable to owners or operators of hazardous waste management facilities, as such requirements are included in 40 CFR Parts 264 and 265, is extended from July 15, 1982, to October 16, 1982. The effective date for the rest of the liability coverage requirements remains July 15, 1982. This extension is being provided to allow 6 months between the date of promulgation and the effective date for the insurer qualification provision, in accordance with Section 3010(b) of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976, as amended. During the period between July 15 and October 16, 1982, owners or operators may use certificates of insurance or policy endorsements that do not certify to the qualifications of the insurer. PMID:10256192

  10. 22 CFR 151.11 - Notification of ownership, maintenance or use of vessel and/or aircraft; evidence of insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Notification of ownership, maintenance or use of vessel and/or aircraft; evidence of insurance. 151.11 Section 151.11 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC...

  11. 22 CFR 151.9 - Evidence of insurance required for diplomatic license plates and waiver of fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Evidence of insurance required for diplomatic license plates and waiver of fees. 151.9 Section 151.9 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL §...

  12. 22 CFR 151.11 - Notification of ownership, maintenance or use of vessel and/or aircraft; evidence of insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Notification of ownership, maintenance or use of vessel and/or aircraft; evidence of insurance. 151.11 Section 151.11 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC...

  13. 22 CFR 151.11 - Notification of ownership, maintenance or use of vessel and/or aircraft; evidence of insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Notification of ownership, maintenance or use of vessel and/or aircraft; evidence of insurance. 151.11 Section 151.11 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC...

  14. 22 CFR 151.11 - Notification of ownership, maintenance or use of vessel and/or aircraft; evidence of insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Notification of ownership, maintenance or use of vessel and/or aircraft; evidence of insurance. 151.11 Section 151.11 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC...

  15. 22 CFR 151.9 - Evidence of insurance required for diplomatic license plates and waiver of fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Evidence of insurance required for diplomatic license plates and waiver of fees. 151.9 Section 151.9 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL §...

  16. 22 CFR 151.9 - Evidence of insurance required for diplomatic license plates and waiver of fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Evidence of insurance required for diplomatic license plates and waiver of fees. 151.9 Section 151.9 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL §...

  17. 22 CFR 151.9 - Evidence of insurance required for diplomatic license plates and waiver of fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Evidence of insurance required for diplomatic license plates and waiver of fees. 151.9 Section 151.9 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL §...

  18. 22 CFR 151.9 - Evidence of insurance required for diplomatic license plates and waiver of fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Evidence of insurance required for diplomatic license plates and waiver of fees. 151.9 Section 151.9 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS AND PERSONNEL §...

  19. 22 CFR 151.11 - Notification of ownership, maintenance or use of vessel and/or aircraft; evidence of insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Notification of ownership, maintenance or use of vessel and/or aircraft; evidence of insurance. 151.11 Section 151.11 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES COMPULSORY LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR DIPLOMATIC...

  20. The medical liability climate and prospects for reform.

    PubMed

    Mello, Michelle M; Studdert, David M; Kachalia, Allen

    2014-11-26

    For many physicians, the prospect of being sued for medical malpractice is a singularly disturbing aspect of modern clinical practice. State legislatures have enacted tort reforms, such as caps on damages, in an effort to reduce the volume and costs of malpractice litigation. Attempts to introduce similar traditional reform measures at the federal level have so far failed. Much less prominent, but potentially more important, are proposed alternative approaches for resolving medical injuries; a number of these efforts are currently being tested in federally sponsored demonstration projects. These nontraditional reforms have considerable promise for addressing some of the system's most challenging issues, including high costs and barriers to accessing compensation. In this Special Communication, we review recent national trends in medical liability claims and costs, which indicate a sharp reduction in the rate of paid claims and flat or declining levels in compensation payments and liability insurance costs over the last 7 to 10 years. We discuss a number of nontraditional reform approaches--communication-and-resolution programs, presuit notification and apology laws, safe harbor legislation, judge-directed negotiation, and administrative compensation systems--and we conclude by describing several forces likely to shape change in the medical liability environment over the next decade. PMID:25358122

  1. 7 CFR 1717.903 - Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... for Supplemental Financing Required by 7 CFR 1710.110 § 1717.903 Liability. It is the intent of this... for lien accommodations or lien subordinations, shall not give rise to liability of any kind on...

  2. [Procedures for establishing professional liability].

    PubMed

    Budić, Nikolina

    2008-01-01

    All the greater exposure to the procedures for determining liability for the conduct of medical activity points to the need that members of the Croatian Medical Chamber know the basis for establishing liability. Therefore, it is necessary to expose the reasons why the doctors are professionals and what kind of responsibility can be determined, in which procedures it is implemented, and what are the types of possible sanctions. Croatian Medical Chamber has a special role is, as it at the same time protects the rights and represents the interests of doctors, and enforces disciplinary proceedings. PMID:19146187

  3. [Liability for medical malpractice: an economic approach].

    PubMed

    Carles, M

    2003-01-01

    In recent years, changes in the organization of healthcare institutions and the increased number of medical malpractice claims have revealed the need to study the concept of medical responsibility and the repercussion of these changes on healthcare provision. To date, discussion has focussed on legal aspects and economic implications have been largely ignored.The present article reviews studies that have performed an economic analysis the subject. Firstly, we examine studies that gradually introduce the concepts of uncertainty, risk aversion and moral hazard. Secondly, in the healthcare environment, we pay particular attention to models that include new arguments on professionals' objective duties or to bargaining models when there is asymmetric information. Finally, we consider the medical malpractice insurance market and investigate how reputation and the possibilities of exercising defensive medicine influence healthcare provision. Our analysis suggests that, due to the characteristics of the healthcare market, the models proposed by the economy of information are very useful for performing economic analyses of liability in medical malpractice. However, alternative hypotheses also need to be formulated so that these models can be adapted to the specific characteristics of different health systems. PMID:14670257

  4. 14 CFR 221.105 - Special notice of limited liability for death or injury under the Warsaw Convention.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... information please consult your airline or insurance company representative. (2) Provided, however, That when... airline liability for death or personal injury and loss or damage to baggage may be limited by the Warsaw Convention and tariff provisions. See the notice with your ticket or contact your airline ticket office...

  5. 14 CFR 254.4 - Carrier liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Carrier liability. 254.4 Section 254.4 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS DOMESTIC BAGGAGE LIABILITY § 254.4 Carrier liability. On any flight segment using large...

  6. 14 CFR 254.4 - Carrier liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Carrier liability. 254.4 Section 254.4 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS DOMESTIC BAGGAGE LIABILITY § 254.4 Carrier liability. On any flight segment using large...

  7. 14 CFR 254.4 - Carrier liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Carrier liability. 254.4 Section 254.4 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS DOMESTIC BAGGAGE LIABILITY § 254.4 Carrier liability. On any flight segment using large...

  8. 14 CFR 254.4 - Carrier liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Carrier liability. 254.4 Section 254.4 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS DOMESTIC BAGGAGE LIABILITY § 254.4 Carrier liability. On any flight segment using large...

  9. 14 CFR 254.4 - Carrier liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Carrier liability. 254.4 Section 254.4 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS DOMESTIC BAGGAGE LIABILITY § 254.4 Carrier liability. On any flight segment using large...

  10. 40 CFR 267.147 - Liability requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 CFR 264.147(j). (2) Surety bond for liability coverage. An owner or operator may meet the requirements of this section by obtaining a surety bond for liability coverage as specified in 40 CFR 264.147(i... section by obtaining a letter of credit for liability coverage as specified in 40 CFR 264.147(h)....

  11. Prescriptions and Insurance Plans

    MedlinePlus

    MENU Return to Web version Prescriptions and Insurance Plans Prescriptions and Insurance Plans Getting a prescription filled is usually easy. But because of the high cost of prescription medicines, most insurance ...

  12. Vehicle Safety. Managing Liability Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newby, Deborah, Ed.

    This monograph discusses the safety of vehicles owned, leased, maintained, and operated by colleges and universities. First, the risks by colleges and universities is discussed. First, the risks associated with college vehicles are outlined, including the liability that comes with staff/faculty and student drivers and such special concerns as…

  13. University Liability for Sports Injuries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rieder, Robert W.; Woodruff, William B., Jr.

    1993-01-01

    Analyzes sports injury claims against colleges and universities in recent years to help administrators better understand and minimize liability risks for certain curricular and cocurricular activities. Reviews court cases in areas of duty of care and negligence and proximate cause, and discusses defenses. (Author/NB)

  14. Schoolyard Ponds: Safety and Liability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Danks, Sharon Gamson

    2001-01-01

    Engaging, attractive schoolyard ponds provide habitat for wildlife and hold great educational promise. Reviews water safety and liability issues including mud, stagnant pond water that serves as mosquito breeding grounds, and drowning. Offers ideas for creatively addressing those issues through site planning, shallow water depth, signage and…

  15. School Liability for Student Suicides.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bjorklun, Eugene C.

    1996-01-01

    Schools and school personnel have moral and ethical responsibilities to take reasonable action to prevent suicides by students. Liability could be imposed if school personnel had knowledge of a student's suicidal intent and failed to take action based on that knowledge. (75 footnotes) (MLF)

  16. 77 FR 27384 - Demurrage Liability

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-10

    ....Ct. 993 (2011) (mem.). \\13\\ Demurrage Liability, EP 707 (STB served Dec. 6, 2010), 75 FR 76,496 (Dec... rulemaking (NPRM), the Board is proposing a rule establishing that a person receiving rail cars from a rail carrier for loading or unloading who detains the cars beyond the ``free time'' provided in the...

  17. Unemployment Insurance Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pope, Daniel C.

    1979-01-01

    An insurance management system has the goal of minimizing unemployment insurance costs. Components of a model system should include general administration, claims management, and appeals process. (Author)

  18. THE LIABILITY FORMS OF THE MEDICAL PERSONNEL.

    PubMed

    Bărcan, Cristian

    2015-01-01

    Current legislation, namely Law no. 95/2006 on healthcare reform in the medical malpractice domain stipulates that medical staff can be held accountable in the following forms: disciplinary liability, administrative liability, civil liability and criminal liability. Each form of legal liability presents its features, aspects that are found mainly in the procedural rules. However, the differences between the various legal forms of liability are not met only in the procedural rules but also in their effects and consequences. It is necessary to know what the procedure for disciplinary responsibility, administrative liability, civil liability, or criminal liability is. In addition to the differentiation determined by the consequences that may arise from the different forms of legal liability, it is important to know the competent authorities to investigate a case further and the solutions which various public institutions can take regarding the medical staff. Depending on the type of legal liability, authorities have a specialized authority. If the Disciplinary Committee is encountered at the College of Physicians, it may not intervene in cases before the monitoring and competence for malpractice cases Committee. The latter two committees cannot intervene directly in the legal assessment of civil or criminal cases, as no criminal investigation authorities cannot intervene in strictly civilian cases. Therefore, the importance of knowing the competent institutions is imperative. PMID:26978868

  19. [Hospital risk management from the viewpoint of insurers].

    PubMed

    Gausmann, Peter; Petry, Franz Michael

    2004-10-01

    The present article deals with the significance of risk management in hospitals from the viewpoint of liability insurers. From the perspective of insurance companies, the liability risk of a hospital and its personnel has considerably increased during the past 25 years. The present risk situation is characterized by a growing number of reported liability cases, as well as by an enormous increase of average compensation claims. This development has led some insurance companies to financial deficits in the segment of hospital liability. While some insurers have withdrawn their activities from this market segment, others have reacted by raising their premiums. Since in Germany the premiums usually depend on the number of beds held by a hospital, the problem of rising premiums is exacerbated by the general increase of the number of clinical cases in the face of a parallel reduction of the number of beds. In the process of finding new criteria or methods for adequate premium calculation, a key role will be played by the individual future risk development of a hospital and by the evaluation of this risk by its insurance company. An extensive system of clinical quality management supported by elements of risk management will have persistent positive effects on the development of individual insurance premiums and on the insurability of clinical liability. Risk management is defined as the totality of measures taken by a company to identify risks that could lead to reduced success. Clinical risk management must be regarded in the context of a general trend that is not limited to the field of health service. In this process, the handling of errors and their causes plays a central role. Further variants of hospital risk management are the technical and economic risk management, both of which are increasingly important and are in part implemented in the German legislation. Clinical risk management has originated from the U.S., where as early as in the nineteen

  20. [Expert advice in liability cases].

    PubMed

    Brands, W G

    2009-05-01

    Concerning cases of liability, dentists in the future will probably have to call on expert help or act as experts on behalf of a colleague with increasing frequency. Dentists who consider acting as experts in liability cases will have to develop their expertise especially in civil law and disciplinary law. Matters which in this respect should receive special attention are: the expert must act in conformity with the law on Medical Treatment Agreement; the expert's report must make clear what the legal basis is of the report's conclusions; the legal basis must be substantially supported by the facts, conditions and findings that are mentioned in the report; the expert must act independently and refrain from subjective judgments, assumptions and unprofessional and prejudicial qualifications. PMID:19507415

  1. [Liability of the expert witness].

    PubMed

    Jansen, C

    1996-11-01

    Regarding the liability of the expert witness, is has to be differentiated between the responsibility according to the civil law and the criminal law. Responsibility in the criminal law means the punishableness for the guilty and illegal fulfillment of a criminal offense in the legal sense, while responsibility in the civil law means compensation towards another citizen. Criminal prosecution occurs ex officio. Prerequisite for prosecution in the civil law is an action of the victim. PMID:9064937

  2. Minimizing liability during internal investigations.

    PubMed

    Morris, Cole

    2010-01-01

    Today's security professional must appreciate the potential landmines in any investigative effort and work collaboratively with others to minimize liability risks, the author points out. In this article he examines six civil torts that commonly arise from unprofessionally planned or poorly executed internal investigations-defamation, false imprisonment. intentional infliction of emotional distress, assault and battery, invasion of privacy, and malicious prosecution and abuse of process. PMID:20873494

  3. Perspectives on medical malpractice self-insurance financial reporting.

    PubMed

    Frese, Richard C; Kitchen, Patrick J

    2012-11-01

    Financial reporting of medical malpractice self-insurance is evolving. The Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification Section 954-450-25 provides guidance for accounting and financial reporting for medical malpractice. Discounting of medical malpractice liabilities has been reassessed in recent years. Malpractice litigation reform efforts continue in several states. Accountable care organizations could increase the frequency of medical malpractice claims because of patients' heightened expectations regarding quality of care. PMID:23173362

  4. Report of the Tort Policy Working Group on the Causes, Extent and Policy Implications of the Current Crisis in Insurance Availability and Affordability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Justice, Washington, DC.

    Causes and implications of the crisis in liability insurance availability and affordability are discussed in this report. The working group concluded that tort law is a major issue in the insurance crisis and that the federal government can address that issue. The group also concluded that the federal government can do little to remedy other…

  5. 7 CFR 1207.365 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POTATO RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Potato Research and Promotion Plan Miscellaneous § 1207.365 Personal liability. No member of...

  6. 7 CFR 1207.365 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POTATO RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Potato Research and Promotion Plan Miscellaneous § 1207.365 Personal liability. No member of...

  7. 7 CFR 1207.365 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POTATO RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Potato Research and Promotion Plan Miscellaneous § 1207.365 Personal liability. No member of...

  8. 7 CFR 1207.365 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POTATO RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Potato Research and Promotion Plan Miscellaneous § 1207.365 Personal liability. No member of...

  9. 7 CFR 1207.365 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POTATO RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Potato Research and Promotion Plan Miscellaneous § 1207.365 Personal liability. No member of...

  10. 7 CFR 1210.361 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Watermelon Research and Promotion Plan Miscellaneous § 1210.361 Personal liability. No...

  11. 7 CFR 1210.361 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Watermelon Research and Promotion Plan Miscellaneous § 1210.361 Personal liability. No...

  12. 7 CFR 1210.361 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Watermelon Research and Promotion Plan Miscellaneous § 1210.361 Personal liability. No...

  13. 7 CFR 1210.361 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Watermelon Research and Promotion Plan Miscellaneous § 1210.361 Personal liability. No...

  14. 7 CFR 1210.361 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Watermelon Research and Promotion Plan Miscellaneous § 1210.361 Personal liability. No...

  15. Fertility rhymes with liability: medical liability in 'ART'.

    PubMed

    Raposo, Vera Lúcia

    2015-01-01

    Medical malpractice claims have been growing all over the world. Medical acts involving new technologies and complex scientific acknowledgements are especially at stake, since they look particularly threatening to patients and judges and are, effectively, potentially more risky. The reason is that, side by side with traditional medical faults, new sources of liability emerge, as for instance the exchange or misappropriation of genetic material or surplus embryos. The present study analyses some of those new medical faults with the aim of alerting health institutions and health professionals, enlightening them about the juridical consequences of those conducts and providing simple tips to avoid lawsuits and condemnations. PMID:26665349

  16. 7 CFR 1400.204 - Limited partnerships, limited liability partnerships, limited liability companies, corporations...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Limited partnerships, limited liability partnerships... AND SUBSEQUENT CROP, PROGRAM, OR FISCAL YEARS Payment Eligibility § 1400.204 Limited partnerships, limited liability partnerships, limited liability companies, corporations, and other similar...

  17. 7 CFR 1400.204 - Limited partnerships, limited liability partnerships, limited liability companies, corporations...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Limited partnerships, limited liability partnerships... AND SUBSEQUENT CROP, PROGRAM, OR FISCAL YEARS Payment Eligibility § 1400.204 Limited partnerships, limited liability partnerships, limited liability companies, corporations, and other similar...

  18. Genetics Home Reference: hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies

    MedlinePlus

    ... hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies Enable Javascript to ... Download PDF Open All Close All Description Hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies is a disorder ...

  19. Who's Holding the Bag? Are You Named as "An Additional Insured"?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slutzky, Lorence H.

    1994-01-01

    Casual use of school or college property exposes the district to significant liability. To protect itself from the financial exposure of an insolvent contractor or tenant, the school district should be added as an "additional insured" to any contracts the district holds with a tenant or contractor. (MLF)

  20. The Governing Board's Role in Risk Management and Insurance for Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, John F.

    1973-01-01

    This document addresses questions recognized as of great importance in the realm of college and university administration, questions of the governing boards responsibilities, and liabilities with respect to the management of risk within its educational community. Emphasis is placed on insurance and risk management, higher education and risk,…

  1. 26 CFR 1.338-11 - Effect of section 338 election on insurance company targets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... when an election under section 338 is made for a target that is an insurance company. The rules in this... target. (b) Computation of ADSP and AGUB—(1) Reserves taken into account as a liability. Old target's tax... contracts deemed sold by old target to new target in the deemed asset sale. The amount of old target's...

  2. Outdoor Adventure and Legal Liability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Helesic, Terri; Priest, Simon

    1991-01-01

    Examines ways in which outdoor adventure programs can guard against charges of negligence and the possibility of lawsuits without diluting challenge or participant satisfaction. Discusses risk management, insurance, safety guidelines to use in the development of program-specific standards, and accident prevention. Contains 19 references. (SV)

  3. 24 CFR 266.602 - Mortgage insurance premium: Insured advances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Mortgage insurance premium: Insured... Contract Rights and Obligations Mortgage Insurance Premiums § 266.602 Mortgage insurance premium: Insured advances. (a) Initial premium. For projects involving insured advances, on the date of the initial...

  4. 24 CFR 266.602 - Mortgage insurance premium: Insured advances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Mortgage insurance premium: Insured... Contract Rights and Obligations Mortgage Insurance Premiums § 266.602 Mortgage insurance premium: Insured advances. (a) Initial premium. For projects involving insured advances, on the date of the initial...

  5. Understanding health insurance plans

    MedlinePlus

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000879.htm Understanding health insurance plans To use the sharing features on this ... plan for you and your family. Types of Health Insurance Plans Depending on how you get your health ...

  6. 34 CFR 668.138 - Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Liability. 668.138 Section 668.138 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STUDENT ASSISTANCE GENERAL PROVISIONS Immigration-Status Confirmation § 668.138 Liability. (a) A student is liable for any...

  7. 7 CFR 1412.63 - Contract liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Contract liability. 1412.63 Section 1412.63... CROP REVENUE ELECTION PROGRAM FOR THE 2008 AND SUBSEQUENT CROP YEARS Contract Violations and Reduction in Payments § 1412.63 Contract liability. All signatories to a DCP or ACRE program contract...

  8. College and University Liability under Superfund.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manderfeld, Donald J.

    1988-01-01

    A discussion of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 concerning responsibility for toxic waste disposal looks at college and university liability under the act, institutional defenses that could be raised under the act, and the settlement process. (MSE)

  9. Liability, Athletic Equipment, and the Athletic Trainer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Black, Richard

    Standards of conduct, roles, and responsibilities expected of athletic trainers should be developed and disseminated. These guidelines could be used in court to show that the athletic trainer was following basic standards if he should be charged with liability. A review of liability cases involving athletic injuries received while athletes were…

  10. 12 CFR 229.56 - Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Liability. 229.56 Section 229.56 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS AND COLLECTION OF CHECKS (REGULATION CC) Substitute Checks § 229.56 Liability. (a)...

  11. 12 CFR 229.56 - Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Liability. 229.56 Section 229.56 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS AND COLLECTION OF CHECKS (REGULATION CC) Substitute Checks § 229.56 Liability. (a)...

  12. 12 CFR 229.56 - Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Liability. 229.56 Section 229.56 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS AND COLLECTION OF CHECKS (REGULATION CC) Substitute Checks § 229.56 Liability....

  13. 12 CFR 229.56 - Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Liability. 229.56 Section 229.56 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS AND COLLECTION OF CHECKS (REGULATION CC) Substitute Checks § 229.56 Liability....

  14. 12 CFR 229.56 - Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Liability. 229.56 Section 229.56 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS AND COLLECTION OF CHECKS (REGULATION CC) Substitute Checks § 229.56 Liability. (a)...

  15. 7 CFR 1205.347 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Personal liability. 1205.347 Section 1205.347 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Cotton Research and Promotion Order Miscellaneous § 1205.347 Personal liability. No member or...

  16. 7 CFR 1205.347 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Personal liability. 1205.347 Section 1205.347 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Cotton Research and Promotion Order Miscellaneous § 1205.347 Personal liability. No member or...

  17. 7 CFR 1205.347 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Personal liability. 1205.347 Section 1205.347 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Cotton Research and Promotion Order Miscellaneous § 1205.347 Personal liability. No member or...

  18. 7 CFR 1205.347 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Personal liability. 1205.347 Section 1205.347 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Cotton Research and Promotion Order Miscellaneous § 1205.347 Personal liability. No member or...

  19. 7 CFR 1205.347 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Personal liability. 1205.347 Section 1205.347 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Cotton Research and Promotion Order Miscellaneous § 1205.347 Personal liability. No member or...

  20. 7 CFR 920.69 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Personal liability. 920.69 Section 920.69 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Miscellaneous Provisions § 920.69 Personal liability. No member or alternate member of the committee and...

  1. Standards applicable to owners and operators of hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal facilities: liability requirements. Environmental Protection Agency. Revised interim final rule.

    PubMed

    1982-04-16

    The Environmental Protection Agency is today revising regulations of January 12, 1981, on liability coverage requirements for hazardous waste facility owners or operators. Under these requirements, owners or operators must demonstrate liability coverage for bodily injury and property damage to third parties resulting from facility operations. The major revisions are: addition of the option of a financial test as a means of demonstrating liability coverage to satisfy the requirements; addition of the option of submitting a certificate of insurance as evidence of insurance; and changes in the requirements for the endorsement and certificate. In a future document, EPA will propose to delete two provisions of the January 12, 1981 regulations. These provisions are: the procedure to obtain a variance for liability coverage requirements; and the provision allowing an owner or operator to use State assumption of legal responsibility for liability coverage to satisfy the liability requirements. The January 12, 1981, regulations were issued under an accelerated schedule imposed by a court order. The revisions that are being made today are necessary to eliminate unworkable aspects of the previous regulations, improve their effectiveness, and allow reasonable flexibility in satisfying the requirements. PMID:10255071

  2. Legal liability and workplace violence.

    PubMed

    Brakel, S J

    1998-01-01

    Workplace violence is a growing social problem. Some of this growth may be perceptual, reflecting our new awareness of what constitutes violence in the workplace. Furthermore, much of what falls under its current rubric does not correspond to the classic image of worker-on-worker or worker-on-employer mayhem. Nevertheless, the total number of incidents is alarmingly large; the problem is real. It is natural to consider law (i.e., legal liability) as a potential solution. Aiming the liability threat at the employer may be the most effective and efficient strategy. There are ample theories to choose from: negligence (tort) law, agency law, contract, civil rights, and regulatory law. Judges and juries appear eager to hold employers accountable for violent incidents in the workplace, sometimes in the face of other, more logical constructions of the facts or theory. One's best hope is that the fear this strikes in the hearts of employers will make for maximum preventive results. PMID:9894212

  3. Farmers Insures Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freifeld, Lorri

    2012-01-01

    Farmers Insurance claims the No. 2 spot on the Training Top 125 with a forward-thinking training strategy linked to its primary mission: FarmersFuture 2020. It's not surprising an insurance company would have an insurance policy for the future. But Farmers takes that strategy one step further, setting its sights on 2020 with a far-reaching plan to…

  4. Liability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hollander, Patricia A.

    The author notes that this chapter deals generally with torts in higher education cases. A tort is usually defined broadly to cover most wrongful civil acts, except breach of contract, that may occur between individuals. The remedy sought in a civil tort action is compensation to the injured party for the damages suffered. The areas discussed here…

  5. Health insurance reform legislation.

    PubMed

    DiSimone, R L

    1997-01-01

    The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), enacted on August 21, 1996 (Public Law 104-19), provides for improved access and renewability with respect to employment-related group health plans, to health insurance coverage sold in connection with group plans, and to the individual market (by amending the Public Health Service Act). The Act's provisions include improvements in portability and continuity of health insurance coverage; combatting waste, fraud, and abuse in health insurance and health care delivery; promoting the use of medical savings accounts; improving access to long-term care services and insurance coverage; administrative simplification; and addressing duplication and coordination of Medicare benefits. PMID:9483710

  6. 29 CFR 4219.11 - Withdrawal liability upon mass withdrawal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Withdrawal liability upon mass withdrawal. 4219.11 Section... Redetermination of Withdrawal Liability Upon Mass Withdrawal § 4219.11 Withdrawal liability upon mass withdrawal. (a) Initial withdrawal liability. The plan sponsor of a multiemployer plan that experiences a...

  7. 29 CFR 4219.11 - Withdrawal liability upon mass withdrawal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Withdrawal liability upon mass withdrawal. 4219.11 Section... Redetermination of Withdrawal Liability Upon Mass Withdrawal § 4219.11 Withdrawal liability upon mass withdrawal. (a) Initial withdrawal liability. The plan sponsor of a multiemployer plan that experiences a...

  8. 29 CFR 4219.11 - Withdrawal liability upon mass withdrawal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Withdrawal liability upon mass withdrawal. 4219.11 Section... Redetermination of Withdrawal Liability Upon Mass Withdrawal § 4219.11 Withdrawal liability upon mass withdrawal. (a) Initial withdrawal liability. The plan sponsor of a multiemployer plan that experiences a...

  9. 29 CFR 4219.11 - Withdrawal liability upon mass withdrawal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Withdrawal liability upon mass withdrawal. 4219.11 Section... Redetermination of Withdrawal Liability Upon Mass Withdrawal § 4219.11 Withdrawal liability upon mass withdrawal. (a) Initial withdrawal liability. The plan sponsor of a multiemployer plan that experiences a...

  10. 26 CFR 1.172-13 - Product liability losses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... liability claims so as to become a product liability loss. (2) Product liability. (i) The term product... by section 172(b) (except subparagraph (1)(I) thereof) and the regulations thereunder. (2) Time and... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Product liability losses. 1.172-13 Section...

  11. 29 CFR 4219.11 - Withdrawal liability upon mass withdrawal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Withdrawal liability upon mass withdrawal. 4219.11 Section... Redetermination of Withdrawal Liability Upon Mass Withdrawal § 4219.11 Withdrawal liability upon mass withdrawal. (a) Initial withdrawal liability. The plan sponsor of a multiemployer plan that experiences a...

  12. 46 CFR 4.23-1 - Evidence of criminal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Evidence of criminal liability. 4.23-1 Section 4.23-1... AND INVESTIGATIONS Evidence of Criminal Liability § 4.23-1 Evidence of criminal liability. If, as a result of any investigation or other proceeding conducted hereunder, evidence of criminal liability...

  13. 46 CFR 4.23-1 - Evidence of criminal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Evidence of criminal liability. 4.23-1 Section 4.23-1... AND INVESTIGATIONS Evidence of Criminal Liability § 4.23-1 Evidence of criminal liability. If, as a result of any investigation or other proceeding conducted hereunder, evidence of criminal liability...

  14. 46 CFR 4.23-1 - Evidence of criminal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Evidence of criminal liability. 4.23-1 Section 4.23-1... AND INVESTIGATIONS Evidence of Criminal Liability § 4.23-1 Evidence of criminal liability. If, as a result of any investigation or other proceeding conducted hereunder, evidence of criminal liability...

  15. 26 CFR 1.752-1 - Treatment of partnership liabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Treatment of partnership liabilities. 1.752-1... Code § 1.752-1 Treatment of partnership liabilities. (a) Definitions. For purposes of section 752, the following definitions apply: (1) Recourse liability defined. A partnership liability is a recourse...

  16. Mobile health applications: the patchwork of legal and liability issues suggests strategies to improve oversight.

    PubMed

    Yang, Y Tony; Silverman, Ross D

    2014-02-01

    Mobile health (mHealth) technology has facilitated the transition of care beyond the traditional hospital setting to the homes of patients. Yet few studies have evaluated the legal implications of the expansion of mHealth applications, or "apps." Such apps are affected by a patchwork of policies related to medical licensure, privacy and security protection, and malpractice liability. For example, the privacy protections of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996 may apply to only some uses of the apps. Similarly, it is not clear what a doctor's malpractice liability would be if he or she injured a patient as the result of inaccurate information supplied by the patient's self-monitoring health app. This article examines the legal issues related to the oversight of health apps, discusses current federal regulations, and suggests strategies to improve the oversight of these apps. PMID:24493764

  17. The Welfare Effects of Medical Malpractice Liability

    PubMed Central

    Lakdawalla, Darius N.; Seabury, Seth A.

    2013-01-01

    We use variation in the generosity of local juries to identify the causal impact of medical malpractice liability on social welfare. Growth in malpractice payments contributed at most 5 percentage points to the 33% total real growth in medical expenditures from 1990-2003. On the other hand, malpractice leads to modest mortality reductions; the value of these more than likely exceeds the costs of malpractice liability. Therefore, reducing malpractice liability is unlikely to have a major impact on health care spending, and unlikely to be cost-effective over conventionally accepted values of a statistical life. PMID:23526860

  18. A scoping study on the costs of indoor air quality illnesses:an insurance loss reduction perspective

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, Allan; Vine, Edward L.

    1998-08-31

    The incidence of commercial buildings with poor indoor air quality (IAQ), and the frequency of litigation over the effects of poor IAQ is increasing. If so, these increases have ramifications for insurance carriers, which pay for many of the costs of health care and general commercial liability. However, little is known about the actual costs to insurance companies from poor IAQ in buildings. This paper reports on the results of a literature search of buildings-related, business and legal databases, and interviews with insurance and risk management representatives aimed at finding information on the direct costs to the insurance industry of poor building IAQ, as well as the costs of litigation. The literature search and discussions with insurance and risk management professionals reported in this paper turned up little specific information about the costs of IAQ-related problems to insurance companies. However, those discussions and certain articles in the insurance industry press indicate that there is a strong awareness and growing concern over the "silent crisis" of IAQ and its potential to cause large industry losses, and that a few companies are taking steps to address this issue. The source of these losses include both direct costs to insurers from paying health insurance and professional liability claims, as weIl as the cost of litigation. In spite of the lack of data on how IAQ-related health problems affect their business, the insurance industry has taken the anecdotal evidence about their reality seriously enough to alter their policies in ways that have lessened their exposure. We conclude by briefly discussing four activities that need to be addressed in the near future: (1) quantifying IAQ-related insurance costs by sector, (2) educating the insurance industry about the importance of IAQ issues, (3) examining IAQ impacts on the insurance industry in the residential sector, and (4) evaluating the relationship between IAQ improvements and their impact on

  19. [The criminal liability of the hospital pharmacist vs the liability of the hospital].

    PubMed

    Siracusa, Margherita; Grappasonni, Iolanda; Petrelli, Fabio

    2016-01-01

    This study proposes an analysis of the boundaries of liability of the negligent hospital pharmacist, in relation with the liability of the hospital. The conditions of departure are: the knowledge that the pharmacist works within the limits of compliance programs adopted by the hospital; the finding that, in recent times, there has been an expansion in the objective sense of liability of the pharmacist. The laudable aim of protecting the patient is well accompanied by the violation of the principle of individual criminal liability (Art. 27 of the Constitution) and practical reason for discouraging the risky assets even useful. Through the analysis of the d. lgs. n. 231/2001 regarding the corporate liability for the crime and law n. 158/2012 regarding criminal liability limited to the gross negligence of the health care, it will arrive at the conclusion about the need to recognize a liability for the organization to hospitals, limiting the liability of the hospital pharmacist to cases of chargeability/criminal liability of negligent conduct. PMID:26901366

  20. Liability of physicians supervising nonphysician clinicians.

    PubMed

    Paterick, Barbara B; Waterhouse, Blake E; Paterick, Timothy E; Sanbar, Sandy S

    2014-01-01

    Physicians confront a variety of liability issues when supervising nonphysician clinicians (NPC) including: (1) direct liability resulting from a failure to meet the state-defined standards of supervision/collaboration with NPCs; (2) vicarious liability, arising from agency law, where physicians are held accountable for NPC clinical care that does not meet the national standard of care; and (3) responsibility for medical errors when the NPC and physician are co-employees of the corporate enterprise. Physician-NPC co-employee relationships are highlighted because they are new and becoming predominant in existing healthcare models. Because of their novelty, there is a paucity of judicial decisions determining liability for NPC errors in this setting. Knowledge of the existence of these risks will allow physicians to make informed decisions on what relationships they will enter with NPCs and how these relationships will be structured and monitored. PMID:24873129

  1. 34 CFR 668.138 - Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Liability. (a) A student is liable for any LEAP, FSEOG, Federal Pell Grant, ACG, National SMART Grant, or... relied on— (1) An output document for that student indicating that the INS has confirmed that the...

  2. 34 CFR 668.138 - Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Liability. (a) A student is liable for any LEAP, FSEOG, Federal Pell Grant, ACG, National SMART Grant, or... relied on— (1) An output document for that student indicating that the INS has confirmed that the...

  3. 34 CFR 668.138 - Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Liability. (a) A student is liable for any LEAP, FSEOG, Federal Pell Grant, ACG, National SMART Grant, or... relied on— (1) An output document for that student indicating that the INS has confirmed that the...

  4. 34 CFR 668.138 - Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Liability. (a) A student is liable for any LEAP, FSEOG, Federal Pell Grant, ACG, National SMART Grant, or... relied on— (1) An output document for that student indicating that the INS has confirmed that the...

  5. Hereditary Neuropathy with Liability to Pressure Palsies.

    PubMed

    Choi, Hyoung Won; Kuntz, Nancy L

    2015-11-01

    Investigators from 4 pediatric hospitals in Canada analyzed the clinical presentation and electrophysiological data of 12 children with hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP), caused by PMP22 gene deletion. PMID:26933540

  6. 7 CFR 1220.253 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Miscellaneous § 1220.253 Personal liability. No... Soybean Boards, acting pursuant to authority provided in this subpart, shall be held...

  7. 7 CFR 1220.253 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Miscellaneous § 1220.253 Personal liability. No... Soybean Boards, acting pursuant to authority provided in this subpart, shall be held...

  8. 7 CFR 1220.253 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Miscellaneous § 1220.253 Personal liability. No... Soybean Boards, acting pursuant to authority provided in this subpart, shall be held...

  9. 7 CFR 1220.253 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Miscellaneous § 1220.253 Personal liability. No... Soybean Boards, acting pursuant to authority provided in this subpart, shall be held...

  10. 7 CFR 1220.253 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Miscellaneous § 1220.253 Personal liability. No... Soybean Boards, acting pursuant to authority provided in this subpart, shall be held...

  11. 7 CFR 906.61 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... liability. No member or alternate of the committee or any employee or agent thereof, shall be held... such member, alternate, agent, or employee, except for act of dishonesty, willful misconduct, or...

  12. 7 CFR 906.61 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... liability. No member or alternate of the committee or any employee or agent thereof, shall be held... such member, alternate, agent, or employee, except for act of dishonesty, willful misconduct, or...

  13. Alcohol on Campus and Possible Liability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buchanan, E. T.

    1983-01-01

    Reviews laws and court cases relating to alcohol and possible civil and criminal liability. Suggests a number of risk management principles, including knowledge of the law, policies forbidding hazing, fostering alcohol awareness, and discipline. (JAC)

  14. Limited liability and the public's health.

    PubMed

    Rutkow, Lainie; Teret, Stephen P

    2007-01-01

    Corporations, through their products and behaviors, exert a strong effect on the well-being of populations. Industries including firearms, motor vehicles, tobacco, and alcohol produce and market products negatively impact public health. All of these industries are composed of corporations, which are legal fictions designed to provide limited exposure to liability, through a variety of mechanisms, for their investors and directors. This means that when actions are taken on behalf of a corporate entity, the individuals responsible generally will not face personal liability for the negative results of those actions. To illustrate this point, this article considers corporate products or practices that have caused harm in varied settings, and analyzes the role that limited liability played in these cases. In addition, the article identifies ways to modify or eliminate some of the principles and practices that accompany limited liability. PMID:18076511

  15. 15 CFR 996.4 - Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS FOR NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS AND SERVICES QUALITY ASSURANCE AND CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS AND SERVICES General § 996.4 Liability. The Government of the United...

  16. 15 CFR 996.4 - Liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS FOR NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS AND SERVICES QUALITY ASSURANCE AND CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS AND SERVICES General § 996.4 Liability. The Government of the United...

  17. Relative value health insurance.

    PubMed

    Korobkin, Russell

    2014-04-01

    Increases in health costs continue to outpace general inflation, and implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act will exacerbate the problem by adding more Americans to the ranks of the insured. The most commonly proposed solutions--bureaucratic controls, greater patient cost sharing, and changes to physician incentives--all have substantial weaknesses. This article proposes a new paradigm for rationalizing health care expenditures called "relative value health insurance," a product that would enable consumers to purchase health insurance that covers cost-effective treatments but excludes cost-ineffective treatments. A combination of legal and informational impediments prevents private insurers from marketing this type of product today, but creative use of comparative effectiveness research, funded as a part of health care reform, could make relative value health insurance possible. Data deficits, adverse selection risks, and heterogeneous values among consumers create obstacles to shifting the health insurance system to this paradigm, but they could be overcome. PMID:24523448

  18. Theory of health insurance.

    PubMed

    Nyman, J A

    1998-01-01

    The conventional explanation for purchasing insurance is to transfer risk. Psychologists, however, have shown that this explanation does not match actual behavior. They find that people generally prefer the risk of no loss at all to the certainty of a smaller actuarially equivalent loss, a situation exactly opposite to the one represented by the purchase of insurance. Nevertheless, people do purchase insurance, so there must be an explanation other than risk transfer for purchasing it. Of the explanations so far advanced, however, none have yet developed a wide acceptance. Regardless of risk issues, people will be more likely to purchase insurance when the premium is low compared to the value of the coverage to the consumer. Moral hazard raises the premium, as does adverse selection. The presence of either makes the purchase of insurance less likely. With health insurance, the tax subsidy can reduce the effective premium to less than the actuarially fair cost of insurance. This would increase the likelihood that health insurance is purchased. Finally, because of the value we place on our health, we desire access to a full range of health care. Health insurance is often the only affordable way of gaining access to this care, given the high costs of many of these procedures. PMID:10185500

  19. CERCLA reauthorization 1994: Insuring the cleanup of hazardous substance pollution

    SciTech Connect

    Eubank, K.T.

    1993-12-31

    Authorizing legislation for the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980 ({open_quotes}CERCLA{close_quotes} or, more popularly, {open_quotes}Superfund{close_quotes}) will expire September 30, 1994. Enacted more than a decade ago, the CERCLA program is ripe for scrutiny prior to reauthorization. The following questions deserve consideration: has the CERCLA program accomplished its goals, do the benefits of the CERCLA program justify the costs involved, and what administrative or legislative changes will maximize the benefits of the CERCLA program as compared to its costs. Definitive answers to these questions may be impossible to ascertain, but by focusing on basic risk management principles and the issue of insurance coverage for CERCLA cleanups, this article illustrates that inefficiencies and unnecessary costs will plague the cleanup program until CERCLA`s site-specific, strict, retroactive, and joint and several liability scheme is discarded. 78 refs.

  20. Insurance Needs for Adventure Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolff, Robert M.; Washburn, Nancy

    1984-01-01

    lines insurance needs for adventure education programs. Gives results of a survey (65 percent response rate) of 68 adventure education programs and their insurance coverage or reasons why they had no insurance. Discusses risk management for adventure education programs. (MH)

  1. Understanding health insurance plans

    MedlinePlus

    Most insurance companies offer different types of health plans. And when you are comparing plans, it can sometimes seem ... Depending on how you get your health insurance, you may have a ... (HMOs). These plans offer a network of health care providers ...

  2. Vicarious liability: Is it an issue for your organization?

    PubMed

    West, John C

    2016-07-01

    Vicarious liability is a very real concern for hospitals and other health care entities. There are two forms of vicarious liability: respondeat superior (liability for an employee's actions) and agency (liability for nonemployees who appear to be the agent of the entity). Since an entity works through its employees, there is little that can be done, in most cases, to avoid respondeat superior liability. Entities need to be aware of the ways in which nonemployees can be perceived to be the entity's agent so that the appearance of agency can be prevented. There are methods to avoid vicarious liability and to deal with it should it occur. PMID:27400173

  3. Travel insurance and health.

    PubMed

    Leggat, P A; Carne, J; Kedjarune, U

    1999-12-01

    Travel insurance normally underwrites travel, medical, and dental expenses incurred by travelers abroad and arranges aeromedical evacuation of travelers under conditions specified by the travel insurance policy. Because of the costs of medical and dental treatment abroad and the high cost associated with aeromedical evacuation, all travelers should be advised of the need for comprehensive travel insurance and be advised to read their policies carefully to see what is covered and to check for any exclusions. In particular, those travelers who have known preexisting conditions, who are working overseas, or who are going to undertake any form of hazardous recreational pursuit may need to obtain a special travel insurance policy, which may attract a higher premium. Conservatively, it is estimated that between 30-50% of travelers become ill or injured whilst traveling. Relative estimated monthly incidence rates of various health problems have been compiled elsewhere. The risk of severe injury is thought to be greater for people when traveling abroad. These risks should be covered by travel insurance to protect the traveler, however it is not known what proportion of travel agents or airlines give advice routinely on travel insurance. Travel insurance is the most important safety net for travelers in the event of misadventure, and should be reinforced by travel health advisers. Although only 4% of general practitioners (GPs) in a late 1980's study in the United Kingdom would advise a traveler going to Turkey about travel insurance,4 more recent studies have shown about 60% of GPs in New Zealand and 39% of travel clinics worldwide usually advised travelers concerning travel insurance. In addition, 54% of GPs in New Zealand usually also advised travelers about finding medical assistance abroad, but only 19% of GPs recommended travel insurance companies as a source of medical assistance while traveling. PMID:10575173

  4. Individual insurance: health insurers try to tap potential market growth.

    PubMed

    November, Elizabeth A; Cohen, Genna R; Ginsburg, Paul B; Quinn, Brian C

    2009-11-01

    Individual insurance is the only source of health coverage for people without access to employer-sponsored insurance or public insurance. Individual insurance traditionally has been sought by older, sicker individuals who perceive the need for insurance more than younger, healthier people. The attraction of a sicker population to the individual market creates adverse selection, leading insurers to employ medical underwriting--which most states allow--to either avoid those with the greatest health needs or set premiums more reflective of their expected medical use. Recently, however, several factors have prompted insurers to recognize the growth potential of the individual market: a declining proportion of people with employer-sponsored insurance, a sizeable population of younger, healthier people forgoing insurance, and the likelihood that many people receiving subsidies to buy insurance under proposed health insurance reforms would buy individual coverage. Insurers are pursuing several strategies to expand their presence in the individual insurance market, including entering less-regulated markets, developing lower-cost, less-comprehensive products targeting younger, healthy consumers, and attracting consumers through the Internet and other new distribution channels, according to a new study by the Center for Studying Health System Change (HSC). Insurers' strategies in the individual insurance market are unlikely to meet the needs of less-than-healthy people seeking affordable, comprehensive coverage. Congressional health reform proposals, which envision a larger role for the individual market under a sharply different regulatory framework, would likely supersede insurers' current individual market strategies. PMID:19899193

  5. Insuring against health shocks: Health insurance and household choices.

    PubMed

    Liu, Kai

    2016-03-01

    This paper provides empirical evidence on the role of public health insurance in mitigating adverse outcomes associated with health shocks. Exploiting the rollout of a universal health insurance program in rural China, I find that total household income and consumption are fully insured against health shocks even without access to health insurance. Household labor supply is an important insurance mechanism against health shocks. Access to health insurance helps households to maintain investment in children's human capital during negative health shocks, which suggests that one benefit of health insurance could arise from reducing the use of costly smoothing mechanisms. PMID:26836108

  6. Long-tail liability law reform.

    PubMed

    Freckelton, Ian

    2007-10-01

    There is a need for the law to evolve so that corporations are obliged to make proper provision for liabilities to unascertained future creditors. However, implementation of long-tail liabilities is far from straightforward and has many repercussions for both corporations and personal injury law. In October 2005 the Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasurer requested the Corporations and Markets Advisory Committee to consider a "referred proposal" designed to achieve comprehensive and principled law reform. Analysis of the referred proposal reveals many shortcomings, a number of which have been addressed by the Committee in its June 2007 Discussion Paper, Long-Tail Liabilities: The Treatment of Unascertained Future Personal Injury Claims. This editorial urges further and reflective analysis of the referred proposal and of the Committee's tentative suggestions in order to achieve a balance among the entitlements of unascertained future creditors, other known creditors, shareholders, corporations' financial viability, and the conceptual integrity of corporations law. PMID:18035836

  7. Liability for Not Using Computers in Medicine

    PubMed Central

    Watson, Bruce L.; Bernstein, Jodi M.

    1988-01-01

    The traditional legal rule used to measure the adequacy of a provider's delivery of care is the custom of other providers in the defendant's locality. However, some courts have adopted the rule of “reasonable prudence” as the measure of what custom should be. These developments suggest that courts may impose liability on providers for patient injuries caused by the absence of medical computers even where the custom of most other providers would not have required computer use. Judicial recognition of liability despite custom will depend upon a balancing of such factors as availability, risk of harm to the patient, and cost. The authors suggest that injuries caused by drug interactions and side-effects are those most vulnerable for judicial findings of liability for failure to use computers.

  8. 75 FR 15777 - Common Crop Insurance Regulations, Basic Provisions; and Various Crop Insurance Provisions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-30

    ...The Federal Crop Insurance Corporation (FCIC) finalizes the Common Crop Insurance Regulations, Basic Provisions, Small Grains Crop Insurance Provisions, Cotton Crop Insurance Provisions, Sunflower Seed Crop Insurance Provisions, Coarse Grains Crop Insurance Provisions, Malting Barley Crop Insurance Provisions, Rice Crop Insurance Provisions, and Canola and Rapeseed Crop Insurance Provisions to......

  9. Process liability evaluation for EUVL

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aoyama, Hajime; Tawarayama, Kazuo; Tanaka, Yuusuke; Kawamura, Daisuke; Arisawa, Yukiyasu; Uno, Taiga; Kamo, Takashi; Tanaka, Toshihiko; Itani, Toshiro; Tanaka, Hiroyuki; Nakajima, Yumi; Inanami, Ryoichi; Takai, Kosuke; Murano, Koji; Koshiba, Takeshi; Hashimoto, Kohji; Mori, Ichiro

    2009-03-01

    This paper concerns the readiness of extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) for high-volume manufacture based on accelerated development in critical areas and the construction of a process liability (PL) test site that integrates results in these areas. The overall lithography performance was determined from the performance of the exposure tool, the printability obtainable with the resist, mask fabrication with accurate critical dimension (CD) control, and correction technology for mask data preparation. The EUV1 exposure tool can carry out exposure over the full field (26 mm × 33 mm) at a resolution high enough for 32-nm line-and-space patterns when Selete Standard Resist 3 (SSR3) is used. Thus, the test site was designed for the full-field exposure of various pattern sizes [half-pitch (hp) 32-50 nm]. The CD variation of the mask was found to be as good as 2.8 nm (3σ) and only one printable defect was detected. The effect of flare on CD variation is a critical issue in EUVL; so flare was compensated for based on the point spread function for the projection optics of the EUV1 and aerial simulations that took resist blur into account. The accuracy obtained when an electronic design automation (EDA) tool was used for mask resizing was found to be very good (error <= +/-2 nm). Metal wiring patterns with a size of hp 32 nm were successfully formed by wafer processing. The production readiness of EUVL based on the integration of results in these areas was evaluated by electrical tests on low-resistance tungsten wiring. The yield for the electrically open test for hp 50 nm (32-nm logic node) and hp 40 nm (22-nm logic node) were found to be over 60% and around 50%, respectively; and the yield tended to decrease as patterns became smaller. We found the PL test site to be very useful for determining where further improvements need to be made and for evaluating the production readiness of EUVL.

  10. How meaningful are heritability estimates of liability?

    PubMed Central

    Morris, Nathan J.

    2013-01-01

    It is commonly acknowledged that estimates of heritability from classical twin studies have many potential shortcomings. Despite this, in the post-GWAS era, these heritability estimates have come to be a continual source of interest and controversy. While the heritability estimates of a quantitative trait are subject to a number of biases, in this article we will argue that the standard statistical approach to estimating the heritability of a binary trait relies on some additional untestable assumptions which, if violated, can lead to badly biased estimates. The ACE liability threshold model assumes at its heart that each individual has an underlying liability or propensity to acquire the binary trait (e.g., disease), and that this unobservable liability is multivariate normally distributed. We investigated a number of different scenarios violating this assumption such as the existence of a single causal diallelic gene and the existence of a dichotomous exposure. For each scenario, we found that substantial asymptotic biases can occur, which no increase in sample size can remove. Asymptotic biases as much as four times larger than the true value were observed, and numerous cases also showed large negative biases. Additionally, regions of low bias occurred for specific parameter combinations. Using simulations, we also investigated the situation where all of the assumptions of the ACE liability model are met. We found that commonly used sample sizes can lead to biased heritability estimates. Thus, even if we are willing to accept the meaningfulness of the liability construct, heritability estimates under the ACE liability threshold model may not accurately reflect the heritability of this construct. The points made in this paper should be kept in mind when considering the meaningfulness of a reported heritability estimate for any specific disease. PMID:23867980

  11. Search Engine Liability for Copyright Infringement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fitzgerald, B.; O'Brien, D.; Fitzgerald, A.

    The chapter provides a broad overview to the topic of search engine liability for copyright infringement. In doing so, the chapter examines some of the key copyright law principles and their application to search engines. The chapter also provides a discussion of some of the most important cases to be decided within the courts of the United States, Australia, China and Europe regarding the liability of search engines for copyright infringement. Finally, the chapter will conclude with some thoughts for reform, including how copyright law can be amended in order to accommodate and realise the great informative power which search engines have to offer society.

  12. Trends in liability affecting technical writers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Driskill, L. P.

    1981-01-01

    Liability of technical writers for defective products is explored. Documents generated during a product's life cycle (including design memos, design tests, clinical trials, trial use reports, letters, and proposals) become relevant because they are likely to become the only available means of showing that the product was not defectively designed. These documents become the evidence that the product underwent balanced and well considered planning, development, testing, quality control, and field testing. The predicted increased involvement of technical writers in the prevention and defense of product liability claims is cited in view of a greater number of cases turning on "failure to warn".

  13. State liability for international environmental degradation: an economic perspective

    SciTech Connect

    d'Arge, R.C.; Kneese, A.V.

    1980-07-01

    No clear trend is emerging in how liability is assigned in cases of transfrontier pollution, but there are four identifiable political and economic principles that are used: (1) nations are held responsible for the internal and external costs of waste-discharge control, but not for the remaining damages once controls are agreed upon; (2) states pay the remaining as well as the control costs; (3) the affected state or victim pays (VP) the polluter for the cost of controls; and (4) an autonomous international agency regulates common property resources (CPRs). The full-costing (FC) principle seems to be efficient in bilateral and multilateral cases if there is a viable mechanism for identifying who pays the costs and for setting the penalties. A special international environmental insurance fund is reasonable in the case of CPRs. An international agency to hasten the flow of information and negotiations can resolve many of the conflicting interests in VP cases. Whichever principles are followed, states should reconcile their internal and external principles. 20 references. (DCK)

  14. Computer Crime and Insurance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beaudoin, Ralph H.

    1985-01-01

    The susceptibility of colleges and universities to computer crime is great. While insurance coverage is available to cover the risks, an aggressive loss-prevention program is the wisest approach to limiting the exposures presented by computer technology. (MLW)

  15. Deductibles in health insurance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dimitriyadis, I.; Öney, Ü. N.

    2009-11-01

    This study is an extension to a simulation study that has been developed to determine ruin probabilities in health insurance. The study concentrates on inpatient and outpatient benefits for customers of varying age bands. Loss distributions are modelled through the Allianz tool pack for different classes of insureds. Premiums at different levels of deductibles are derived in the simulation and ruin probabilities are computed assuming a linear loading on the premium. The increase in the probability of ruin at high levels of the deductible clearly shows the insufficiency of proportional loading in deductible premiums. The PH-transform pricing rule developed by Wang is analyzed as an alternative pricing rule. A simple case, where an insured is assumed to be an exponential utility decision maker while the insurer's pricing rule is a PH-transform is also treated.

  16. Keep insurers honest.

    PubMed

    Ortolon, Ken

    2012-08-01

    A law that the Texas Medical Association worked hard to pass in 2009 requires insurers' physician-ranking programs to use nationally recognized standards and guidelines and requires insurance plans to disclose those measurements to physicians before the evaluation period. It also gives physicians the right to dispute their rankings before insurers publish or advertise them to the public. TMA officials say most of the major plans suspended their ranking programs after the law was passed. But some of those insurance companies are preparing to roll out updated versions of their ranking programs early next year. TMA officials say physicians need to be aware of their rights and how to appeal any adverse rankings under the law. PMID:22855015

  17. Captive insurance companies.

    PubMed

    Strauss, Peter

    2014-01-01

    The landscape of the business world is changing; and now, more than ever, business owners are recognizing that life is filled with risks: known risk, calculated risk, and unexpected risk. Every day, businesses thrive or fail based on understanding the risk of owning and operating their business, and business owners are recognizing that there are alternative risk financing mechanisms other than simply taking out a basket of standard coverage as recommended by your friendly neighborhood agent. A captive insurance company is an insurance company established to provide a broad range of risk management capabilities to affiliated companies. The captive is owned by the business owner and can provide insurance to the business for potential future losses, whether or not the losses are already covered by a commercial carrier or are "self-insured." The premiums paid by your business are tax deductible. Meanwhile, the premiums that your captive collects are tax-free up to $1.2 million annually. PMID:25807627

  18. 14 CFR 221.106 - Notice of limited liability for baggage; alternative consolidated notice of liability limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Limitations of Liability Airline liability for death or personal injury may be limited by the Warsaw... valuable articles. See the notice with your tickets or consult your airline or travel agent for...

  19. 40 CFR 80.23 - Liability for violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 16 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Liability for violations. 80.23 Section 80.23 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) REGULATION OF FUELS AND FUEL ADDITIVES Controls and Prohibitions § 80.23 Liability for violations. Liability for violations of paragraphs (a) and...

  20. 40 CFR 80.23 - Liability for violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 17 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Liability for violations. 80.23 Section 80.23 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) REGULATION OF FUELS AND FUEL ADDITIVES Controls and Prohibitions § 80.23 Liability for violations. Liability for violations of paragraphs (a) and...

  1. 24 CFR 330.45 - Limitation on GNMA liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Limitation on GNMA liability. 330... MULTICLASS SECURITIES § 330.45 Limitation on GNMA liability. Except for its guaranty, the Association undertakes no obligation and assumes no liability to any person with regard to or on account of the...

  2. 7 CFR 276.2 - State agency liabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false State agency liabilities. 276.2 Section 276.2 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOOD STAMP AND FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM STATE AGENCY LIABILITIES AND FEDERAL SANCTIONS § 276.2 State agency liabilities. (a)...

  3. 26 CFR 1.461-2 - Contested liabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... an accrual method of accounting, in 1964 contests a $100 asserted liability. In 1967 the contested...) Taxable year of deduction. If— (i) The taxpayer contests an asserted liability, (ii) The taxpayer transfers money or other property to provide for the satisfaction of the asserted liability, (iii)...

  4. 46 CFR 5.69 - Evidence of criminal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Evidence of criminal liability. 5.69 Section 5.69... INVESTIGATION REGULATIONS-PERSONNEL ACTION Statement of Policy and Interpretation § 5.69 Evidence of criminal liability. Evidence of criminal liability discovered during an investigation or hearing conducted...

  5. 14 CFR 1274.916 - Liability and risk of loss.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Liability and risk of loss. 1274.916... AGREEMENTS WITH COMMERCIAL FIRMS Other Provisions and Special Conditions § 1274.916 Liability and risk of..., or indemnification of, developers of experimental aerospace vehicles. Liability and Risk of Loss...

  6. 24 CFR 1007.60 - Liability under guarantee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Liability under guarantee. 1007.60... DEVELOPMENT SECTION 184A LOAN GUARANTEES FOR NATIVE HAWAIIAN HOUSING § 1007.60 Liability under guarantee. The liability under a guarantee provided under this section shall decrease or increase on a pro rata...

  7. 24 CFR 1007.60 - Liability under guarantee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Liability under guarantee. 1007.60... DEVELOPMENT SECTION 184A LOAN GUARANTEES FOR NATIVE HAWAIIAN HOUSING § 1007.60 Liability under guarantee. The liability under a guarantee provided under this section shall decrease or increase on a pro rata...

  8. 46 CFR 5.69 - Evidence of criminal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Evidence of criminal liability. 5.69 Section 5.69... INVESTIGATION REGULATIONS-PERSONNEL ACTION Statement of Policy and Interpretation § 5.69 Evidence of criminal liability. Evidence of criminal liability discovered during an investigation or hearing conducted...

  9. 46 CFR 5.69 - Evidence of criminal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Evidence of criminal liability. 5.69 Section 5.69... INVESTIGATION REGULATIONS-PERSONNEL ACTION Statement of Policy and Interpretation § 5.69 Evidence of criminal liability. Evidence of criminal liability discovered during an investigation or hearing conducted...

  10. 12 CFR 1270.10 - Joint and several liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Joint and several liability. 1270.10 Section... Consolidated Obligations § 1270.10 Joint and several liability. (a) In general—(1) Each and every Bank..., the joint and several liability of all of the Banks on any consolidated obligation. (b)...

  11. 12 CFR 1270.10 - Joint and several liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 9 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Joint and several liability. 1270.10 Section... Consolidated Obligations § 1270.10 Joint and several liability. (a) In general. (1) Each and every Bank..., the joint and several liability of all of the Banks on any consolidated obligation. (b)...

  12. 7 CFR 276.2 - State agency liabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false State agency liabilities. 276.2 Section 276.2 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOOD STAMP AND FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM STATE AGENCY LIABILITIES AND FEDERAL SANCTIONS § 276.2 State agency liabilities. Link to...

  13. 19 CFR 141.2 - Liability for duties on reimportation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Liability for duties on reimportation. 141.2 Section 141.2 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) ENTRY OF MERCHANDISE Liability for Duties and Requirement To Enter Merchandise § 141.2 Liability for duties...

  14. 19 CFR 141.2 - Liability for duties on reimportation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Liability for duties on reimportation. 141.2 Section 141.2 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) ENTRY OF MERCHANDISE Liability for Duties and Requirement To Enter Merchandise § 141.2 Liability for duties...

  15. 14 CFR 1260.61 - Allocation of risk/liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Allocation of risk/liability. 1260.61... AGREEMENTS General Special Conditions § 1260.61 Allocation of risk/liability. Allocation of Risk/Liability..., judgment, or cost arising from the injury to or death of any person, or for damage to or loss of...

  16. 14 CFR 1260.61 - Allocation of risk/liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Allocation of risk/liability. 1260.61... AGREEMENTS General Special Conditions § 1260.61 Allocation of risk/liability. Allocation of Risk/Liability..., judgment, or cost arising from the injury to or death of any person, or for damage to or loss of...

  17. 14 CFR 1260.61 - Allocation of risk/liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Allocation of risk/liability. 1260.61... AGREEMENTS General Special Conditions § 1260.61 Allocation of risk/liability. Allocation of Risk/Liability..., judgment, or cost arising from the injury to or death of any person, or for damage to or loss of...

  18. 37 CFR 10.78 - Limiting liability to client.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Limiting liability to client... Office Code of Professional Responsibility § 10.78 Limiting liability to client. A practitioner shall not attempt to exonerate himself or herself from, or limit his or her liability to, a client for his or...

  19. 47 CFR 32.25 - Unusual items and contingent liabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Unusual items and contingent liabilities. 32.25 Section 32.25 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES... contingent liabilities. Extraordinary items, prior period adjustments, and contingent liabilities may...

  20. 7 CFR 1770.25 - Unusual items and contingent liabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Unusual items and contingent liabilities. 1770.25... BORROWERS Uniform System of Accounts § 1770.25 Unusual items and contingent liabilities. Extraordinary items, prior period adjustments and contingent liabilities shall be submitted to RUS for review before...

  1. 14 CFR 1274.916 - Liability and risk of loss.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Liability and risk of loss. 1274.916... AGREEMENTS WITH COMMERCIAL FIRMS Other Provisions and Special Conditions § 1274.916 Liability and risk of..., or indemnification of, developers of experimental aerospace vehicles. Liability and Risk of Loss...

  2. 14 CFR 1274.916 - Liability and risk of loss.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Liability and risk of loss. 1274.916 Section... WITH COMMERCIAL FIRMS Other Provisions and Special Conditions § 1274.916 Liability and risk of loss..., or indemnification of, developers of experimental aerospace vehicles. Liability and Risk of Loss...

  3. 14 CFR 221.106 - Notice of limited liability for baggage; alternative consolidated notice of liability limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Notice of limited liability for baggage; alternative consolidated notice of liability limitations. 221.106 Section 221.106 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE... the following statement: Notice of Limited Liability for Baggage For most international...

  4. 14 CFR 221.106 - Notice of limited liability for baggage; alternative consolidated notice of liability limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Notice of limited liability for baggage; alternative consolidated notice of liability limitations. 221.106 Section 221.106 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE... the following statement: Notice of Limited Liability for Baggage For most international...

  5. 14 CFR 221.106 - Notice of limited liability for baggage; alternative consolidated notice of liability limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Notice of limited liability for baggage; alternative consolidated notice of liability limitations. 221.106 Section 221.106 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE... the following statement: Notice of Limited Liability for Baggage For most international...

  6. 14 CFR 221.106 - Notice of limited liability for baggage; alternative consolidated notice of liability limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Notice of limited liability for baggage; alternative consolidated notice of liability limitations. 221.106 Section 221.106 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE... the following statement: Notice of Limited Liability for Baggage For most international...

  7. The economics of nuclear power

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Horst, Ronald L.

    We extend economic analysis of the nuclear power industry by developing and employing three tools. They are (1) compilation and unification of operating and accounting data sets for plants and sites, (2) an abstract industry model with major economic agents and features, and (3) a model of nuclear power plant operators. We build a matched data set to combine dissimilar but mutually dependant bodies of information. We match detailed information on the activities and conditions of individual plants to slightly more aggregated financial data. Others have exploited the data separately, but we extend the sets and pool available data sets. The data reveal dramatic changes in the industry over the past thirty years. The 1980s proved unprofitable for the industry. This is evident both in the cost data and in the operator activity data. Productivity then improved dramatically while cost growth stabilized to the point of industry profitability. Relative electricity prices may be rising after nearly two decades of decline. Such demand side trends, together with supply side improvements, suggest a healthy industry. Our microeconomic model of nuclear power plant operators employs a forward-looking component to capture the information set available to decision makers and to model the decision-making process. Our model includes features often overlooked elsewhere, including electricity price equations and liability. Failure to account for changes in electricity price trends perhaps misled earlier scholars, and they attributed to other causes the effects on profits of changing price structures. The model includes potential losses resulting from catastrophic nuclear accidents. Applications include historical simulations and forecasts. Nuclear power involves risk, and accident costs are borne both by plant owners and the public. Authorities regulate the industry and balance conflicting desires for economic gain and safety. We construct an extensible model with regulators, plant

  8. 7 CFR 966.90 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Personal liability. 966.90 Section 966.90 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE TOMATOES GROWN IN FLORIDA...

  9. 7 CFR 1150.183 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Personal liability. 1150.183 Section 1150.183 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MILK), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DAIRY PROMOTION PROGRAM Dairy Promotion and...

  10. 7 CFR 932.74 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Personal liability. 932.74 Section 932.74 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OLIVES GROWN IN CALIFORNIA...

  11. 7 CFR 932.74 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Personal liability. 932.74 Section 932.74 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OLIVES GROWN IN CALIFORNIA...

  12. 7 CFR 932.74 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Personal liability. 932.74 Section 932.74 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OLIVES GROWN IN CALIFORNIA...

  13. 7 CFR 932.74 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Personal liability. 932.74 Section 932.74 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OLIVES GROWN IN CALIFORNIA...

  14. 7 CFR 932.74 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Personal liability. 932.74 Section 932.74 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OLIVES GROWN IN CALIFORNIA...

  15. Update on Liability for Sexual Harassment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russo, Charles J.; Ilg, Timothy J.

    2002-01-01

    Reviews six Supreme Court decisions on sexual harassment since 1992, three of which were education cases. Suggests content of school board policy to comply with Court's sexual-harassment decisions and thus limit liability under Title IX for offenses involving students and Title VII for acts involving school personnel. (PKP)

  16. 7 CFR 906.61 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Personal liability. 906.61 Section 906.61 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ORANGES AND GRAPEFRUIT GROWN IN LOWER RIO GRANDE VALLEY IN TEXAS...

  17. 7 CFR 905.88 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Personal liability. 905.88 Section 905.88 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ORANGES, GRAPEFRUIT, TANGERINES, AND TANGELOS GROWN IN FLORIDA...

  18. 7 CFR 906.61 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Personal liability. 906.61 Section 906.61 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ORANGES AND GRAPEFRUIT GROWN IN LOWER RIO GRANDE VALLEY IN TEXAS...

  19. 7 CFR 906.61 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Personal liability. 906.61 Section 906.61 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ORANGES AND GRAPEFRUIT GROWN IN LOWER RIO GRANDE VALLEY IN TEXAS...

  20. 7 CFR 905.88 - Personal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Personal liability. 905.88 Section 905.88 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ORANGES, GRAPEFRUIT, TANGERINES, AND TANGELOS GROWN IN FLORIDA...