Sample records for objectives content teaching

  1. Changes of teaching methods and mathematical content caused by new technologies. Changes of methods, objectives and content. Traps and threats.

    E-print Network

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    , the changes caused by the introduction of new technologies in education can be observed in the social plane56 Changes of teaching methods and mathematical content caused by new technologies. Changes, with respect to the teaching style as well as the objectives and content of the education. · Change of social

  2. 15 Minutes to a Transformed Lesson: A Conversation Focused on Content Clarifies Teaching Objectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saphier, Jon

    2013-01-01

    Guidelines for conferences before an observation almost always call for the teacher to start with a statement of the objective. In this article, the author advises teachers to dwell for 10 to 15 minutes on conferring with a singular focus on the actual content and no dialogue at all yet about the activities or other aspects of a lesson. This…

  3. Secure content objects

    SciTech Connect

    Evans, William D. (Cupertino, CA)

    2009-02-24

    A secure content object protects electronic documents from unauthorized use. The secure content object includes an encrypted electronic document, a multi-key encryption table having at least one multi-key component, an encrypted header and a user interface device. The encrypted document is encrypted using a document encryption key associated with a multi-key encryption method. The encrypted header includes an encryption marker formed by a random number followed by a derivable variation of the same random number. The user interface device enables a user to input a user authorization. The user authorization is combined with each of the multi-key components in the multi-key encryption key table and used to try to decrypt the encrypted header. If the encryption marker is successfully decrypted, the electronic document may be decrypted. Multiple electronic documents or a document and annotations may be protected by the secure content object.

  4. Teaching Content Outrageously

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pogrow, Stanley

    2010-01-01

    This article first explores the theoretical bases for why dramatic forms of instruction stimulate student learning and recall. Next, the article considers a practice that systematically applies drama, fun, and fantasy to embed selected content objectives into students' memory. This practical tool, which facilitates instructional reform in the…

  5. Using Learning Objects to Teach Programming Languages

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavus, Nadire; Ibrahim, Dogan

    2004-01-01

    The idea of using "Learning Objects" in teaching has become very popular in the last few years. Although the concept of using objects in teaching is not new, the power of the computer technology and the Internet gives educators large opportunities and endless combination of possibilities in applying new theories to web-based education. This paper…

  6. Teaching Object-Oriented Modelling Using UML

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boberi?-Krsti?ev, Danijela; Tešendi?, Danijela

    2011-09-01

    The paper elaborates on experiences and lessons learned from the course on object-oriented analyses and design at the Faculty of Sciences, Novi Sad. In the paper we identify a set of issues concerning teaching modeling and UML. It is described experience of teaching UML to students with and without previous knowledge of object-oriented programming.

  7. Teaching Content Analysis through "Harry Potter"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Messinger, Adam M.

    2012-01-01

    Content analysis is a valuable research tool for social scientists that unfortunately can prove challenging to teach to undergraduate students. Published classroom exercises designed to teach content analysis have thus far been predominantly envisioned as lengthy projects for upper-level courses. A brief and engaging exercise may be more…

  8. Adapting Content Subject Tasks for Bilingual Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halbach, Ana

    2012-01-01

    Teaching content through a foreign language presents students with the double challenge of having to understand new concepts and of doing so through a foreign language. To be successful in meeting this challenge teachers have to adapt their teaching style and the tasks they work on with their students. Often, however, they do not know how to do…

  9. Tools for Teaching Content Literacy. [Flipchart

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Janet

    2004-01-01

    Reading and writing across content areas is emphasized in the standards and on high-stakes tests at the state and national level. As educators seek to incorporate content-area literacy into their teaching, they confront a maze of theories, instructional strategies, and acronyms like REAP and RAFT. Teachers who do work their way through the myriad…

  10. Successfully Teaching Supply Chain Management Content in a Technical Curriculum

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Stier, Kenneth

    This paper explains how supply chain management is being taught at the graduate and undergraduate levels in engineering and technology programs. It overviews the objectives, content areas, teaching methodologies and evaluation methods that were developed for a course. For the purposes of this paper the author's university will be referred to as University A and the department will be referred to as Department E.

  11. Teaching Content through the Arts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feller, Thomas R., Jr.; Gibbs-Griffith, Brian; D'Acquisto, Linda; Khourey-Bowers, Claudia; Croley, Cynthia B.

    2007-01-01

    Policymakers sometimes view arts education and experiential learning as distractions from the goal of enabling all students to master rigorous content standards. The three school programs described in this article, however, demonstrate that content standards can be integrated into engaging, motivating curriculums based on the arts and authentic…

  12. Views of Content and Pedagogical Knowledges for Teaching Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Piccolo, Diana

    2008-01-01

    Multiple views have been presented on how mathematical content knowledge should be taught in order to ensure quality instruction in the classroom. However, the ability to teach mathematics content is influenced by general pedagogy, pedagogical content knowledge and mathematical content knowledge. Nevertheless, all pedagogical competencies and…

  13. Teaching Quality Object-Oriented Programming

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feldman, Yishai A.

    2005-01-01

    Computer science students need to learn how to write high-quality software. An important methodology for achieving quality is design-by-contract, in which code is developed together with its specification, which is given as class invariants and method pre- and postconditions. This paper describes practical experience in teaching design-by-contract…

  14. The Transformation of the Focus of Educational Research from "Teaching Object" to "Teaching Subject": A Case Study of "Harvard Educational Review"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Du, Xiaoli

    2007-01-01

    With the content analysis method, this paper uses statistic evidence and analysis of the discourses in Harvard Educational Review (HER) from 1931 to 2000 to discuss the transformation of educational research, which has turned from "teaching object" to "teaching subject". What is more, education research is not only aimed at pursuing the efficiency…

  15. Content-Based Language Teaching: Convergent Concerns across Divergent Contexts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lyster, Roy; Ballinger, Susan

    2011-01-01

    This article serves as the introduction to this special issue of "Language Teaching Research" on content-based language teaching (CBLT). The article first provides an illustrative overview of the myriad contexts in which CBLT has been implemented and then homes in on the five studies comprising the special issue, each conducted in a distinct…

  16. New ideas for teaching electrocardiogram interpretation and improving classroom teaching content

    PubMed Central

    Zeng, Rui; Yue, Rong-Zheng; Tan, Chun-Yu; Wang, Qin; Kuang, Pu; Tian, Pan-Wen; Zuo, Chuan

    2015-01-01

    Background Interpreting an electrocardiogram (ECG) is not only one of the most important parts of diagnostics but also one of the most difficult areas to teach. Owing to the abstract nature of the basic theoretical knowledge of the ECG, its scattered characteristics, and tedious and difficult-to-remember subject matter, teaching how to interpret ECGs is as difficult for teachers to teach as it is for students to learn. In order to enable medical students to master basic knowledge of ECG interpretation skills in a limited teaching time, we modified the content used for traditional ECG teaching and now propose a new ECG teaching method called the “graphics-sequence memory method.” Methods A prospective randomized controlled study was designed to measure the actual effectiveness of ECG learning by students. Two hundred students were randomly placed under a traditional teaching group and an innovative teaching group, with 100 participants in each group. The teachers in the traditional teaching group utilized the traditional teaching outline, whereas the teachers in the innovative teaching group received training in line with the proposed teaching method and syllabus. All the students took an examination in the final semester by analyzing 20 ECGs from real clinical cases and submitted their ECG reports. Results The average ECG reading time was 32 minutes for the traditional teaching group and 18 minutes for the innovative teaching group. The average ECG accuracy results were 43% for the traditional teaching group and 77% for the innovative teaching group. Conclusion Learning to accurately interpret ECGs is an important skill in the cardiac discipline, but the ECG’s mechanisms are intricate and the content is scattered. Textbooks tend to make the students feel confused owing to the restrictions of the length and the format of the syllabi, apart from many other limitations. The graphics-sequence memory method was found to be a useful method for ECG teaching. PMID:25709515

  17. Dynamic Learning Objects to Teach Java Programming Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Narasimhamurthy, Uma; Al Shawkani, Khuloud

    2010-01-01

    This article describes a model for teaching Java Programming Language through Dynamic Learning Objects. The design of the learning objects was based on effective learning design principles to help students learn the complex topic of Java Programming. Visualization was also used to facilitate the learning of the concepts. (Contains 1 figure and 2…

  18. Content in physical education 1 The Contribution of Two Research Programs on Teaching Content

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Content in physical education 1 The Contribution of Two Research Programs on Teaching Content: "Pedagogical Content Knowledge" and "Didactics of Physical Education" Chantal Amade-Escot, Toulouse University Abstract Content in physical education has been the subject of research for some years, with most studies

  19. Cognitive Content Engagement in Content-Based Language Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kong, Stella; Hoare, Philip

    2011-01-01

    This article reports a study of aspects of pedagogy that can bring about students' cognitive engagement with academic content and, thus, use of the academic language in content-based language lessons in three middle schools in Xi'an, China. Two criteria--academic content level and depth of processing--were used to determine cognitive content

  20. Learning Object Metadata for Learning Content Accessibility

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios Sampson

    Accessibility metadata for learning content is identified as an interesting topic in educational metadata authoring. In this paper, we address learning content accessibility proposing an accessibility application profile of the IEEE LOM based on IMS Accessibility for LIP recommendations. The result is a metadata model that allows learning content selection according to accessibility requirements of learners, providing the necessary learning

  1. The Teaching of African Languages: Content, Context, and Methodology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moshi, Lioba

    1994-01-01

    Three interdependent components--content, context, and methodology--are discussed as they relate to the teaching of African languages to non-native speakers. Content depends on type and availability of instructional materials, which may be quite limited. If textbooks are not available, the teacher must select from varied authentic materials and…

  2. How to Teach Content: Existing Concepts and Prospects for Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zascerinska, Jelena

    2011-01-01

    The paradigm has changed from the static transmitted contents to knowledge that is ever renewable and often construed jointly with other learners (Niemi, 2008, p. 12) in a changing multicultural environment. Aim of the research is to analyze efficiency of the process of teaching and learning content applied to enhance students' knowledge in…

  3. Teaching about substance abuse with objective structured clinical exams

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sharon J. Parish; Megha Ramaswamy; Melissa R. Stein; Elizabeth K. Kachur; Julia H. Arnsten

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Although residents commonly manage substance abuse disorders, optimal approaches to teaching these specialized interviewing\\u000a and intervention skills are unknown.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a OBJECTIVE: We developed a Substance Abuse Objective Structured Clinical Exam (OSCE) to teach addiction medicine competencies using immediate\\u000a feedback. In this study we evaluated OSCE performance, examined associations between performance and self-assessed interest\\u000a and competence in substance abuse, and assessed

  4. Examining Physics Graduate Teaching Assistants' Pedagogical Content Knowledge for Teaching a New Physics Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seung, Eulsun; Bryan, Lynn A.; Haugan, Mark P.

    2012-01-01

    In this study, we investigated the pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) that physics graduate teaching assistants (TAs) developed in the context of teaching a new introductory physics curriculum, "Matter and Interactions" ("M&I"). "M&I" is an innovative introductory physics course that emphasizes a unified framework for understanding the world and…

  5. Teaching Psychological Report Writing: Content and Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiener, Judith; Costaris, Laurie

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to discuss the process of teaching graduate students in school psychology to write psychological reports that teachers and parents find readable and that guide intervention. The consensus from studies across four decades of research is that effective psychological reports connect to the client's context; have clear…

  6. Teaching about the Holocaust: Issues of Rationale, Content, Methodology, and Resources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Totten, Samuel; Feinberg, Stephen

    1995-01-01

    Discusses key concerns regarding issues of rationale, methodology, and resources when teaching about the Holocaust. Identifies 12 objectives and 5 content criteria for the topic. Includes five frequently asked questions about the Holocaust and their answers from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. (CFR)

  7. Developing printable content: A repository for printable teaching models

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary E. Knapp; Ryan Wolff; Hod Lipson

    2007-01-01

    Alongside the development of RP technology, there is an increasing need to develop and share printable content. Like digital photography and digital music, content drives technology as much as technology drives content. This paper describes the development and population of an open wiki-style website (3Dprintables.org) that houses an archive of printable models for education. Teaching models were chosen as the

  8. Strategies for Teaching Object-Oriented Concepts with Java

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sicilia, Miguel-Angel

    2006-01-01

    A considerable amount of experiences in teaching object-oriented concepts using the Java language have been reported to date, some of which describe language pitfalls and concrete learning difficulties. In this paper, a number of additional issues that have been experienced as difficult for students to master, along with approaches intended to…

  9. Using Objects To Teach Vocabulary Words with Multiple Meanings. Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rule, Audrey C.; Barrera, Manuel T., III

    2003-01-01

    Compared outcomes of traditional direct instruction and pictorial worksheets with that of a hands-on approach using objects, word cards, and definition cards to teach vocabulary words with multiple meanings to public school third graders. Found that the hands-on students made significantly greater vocabulary progress than direct instruction…

  10. Culturally Responsive Physics Teaching: Content or Conveyance?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stewart, Taquan Seth

    2011-12-01

    This study, in response to the achievement gap in science and the lack of significant numbers of ethnic minorities in science fields, examined the effects of a Cultural Responsiveness Workshop and intervention on teacher practice, teacher discourse, and student perceptions and connectedness to physics. The sample was comprised of three high school physics teachers---2 teaching five 12th grade sections and one teaching five 9th grade sections of physics---in two separate urban schools in the same section of South Los Angeles. My research design was qualitative and examined eight culturally responsive indicators that, when applied, may increase student engagement and level of connectedness in urban high school physics classrooms: (1) proximity to students, (2) the ways in which they encouraged students, (3) positive reinforcement techniques, (4) modifications for individual learning types, (5) use of children's strengths, (6) scaffolding, (7) displaying an understanding of diverse cultures, and (8) displaying a personal regard for students of diverse cultures. When the study was completed and data was collected, I identified trends in the change in teacher discourse, behaviors, instructional practice, and perceptions of student engagement. My findings, discovered through classroom observations and focus groups, indicated a positive shift in each. Accompanying these shifts were positive shifts in level of student engagement and level of connectedness. There were also the unexpected findings of the need for teachers to receive feedback in a safe collaborative space and the use of culturally responsive teaching as a tool for behavioral management. My study found that there is a definite relationship between the use of the culturally responsive indicators observed, student engagement and student level of connectedness to physics when implemented in urban high school science classrooms.

  11. Building a Learning Object Content Management System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher Brooks; Lori Kettel; Collene Hansen

    2005-01-01

    While the educational technology community is rife with learning object-based specifications, tools for supporting these specifications (both at an authoring and at a delivery level) are patchy at best. This paper outlines our experiences over the last two years in building a suite of tools to deploy an online course based primarily on IMS specifications. These tools include a learning

  12. Teaching and Assessing Content Knowledge in Preservice Physical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ayvazo, Shiri; Ward, Phillip; Stuhr, Paul T.

    2010-01-01

    Most content knowledge (CK) courses in physical education teacher education focus mostly on knowledge of rules, etiquette, techniques, tactics, and performance of the activity. Much less emphasis is placed on error detection and instructional tasks. This article therefore presents teaching and assessment strategies that facilitate the acquisition…

  13. Learning Objects Update: Review and Critical Approach to Content Aggregation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balatsoukas, Panos; Morris, Anne; O'Brien, Ann

    2008-01-01

    The structure and composite nature of a learning object is still open to interpretation. Although several theoretical studies advocate integrated approaches to the structure and aggregation level of learning objects, in practice, many content specifications, such as SCORM, IMS Content Packaging, and course authoring tools, do not explicitly state…

  14. Teaching Science as a Language: A "Content-First" Approach to Science Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Bryan A.; Ryoo, Kihyun

    2008-01-01

    Our research project was guided by the assumption that students who learn to understand phenomena in everyday terms prior to being taught scientific language will develop improved understanding of new concepts. We used web-based software to teach students using a "content-first" approach that allowed students to transition from everyday…

  15. Strategies for teaching object-oriented concepts with Java

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sicilia, Miguel-Ángel

    2006-03-01

    A considerable amount of experiences in teaching object-oriented concepts using the Java language have been reported to date, some of which describe language pitfalls and concrete learning difficulties. In this paper, a number of additional issues that have been experienced as difficult for students to master, along with approaches intended to overcome them, are addressed. Concretely, practical issues regarding associations, interfaces, genericity and exceptions are described. These issues suggest that more emphasis is required on presenting Java programs as derivations of conceptual models, in order to guarantee that a thorough design of the object structure actually precedes implementation issues. In addition, common student misunderstandings about the uses of interfaces and exceptions point to the necessity of introducing both specific design philosophies and also a clear distinction between design-for-reuse and more specific implementation issues.

  16. Objective and subjective assessment of perceptual factors in HDR content

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    I Objective and subjective assessment of perceptual factors in HDR content processing Master: MDM The development of the display and camera technology makes high dynamic range (HDR) image become more and more range image has good quality. This paper shows us the some important techniques in HDR images

  17. Ontology-Based Annotation of Learning Object Content

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gasevic, Dragan; Jovanovic, Jelena; Devedzic, Vladan

    2007-01-01

    The paper proposes a framework for building ontology-aware learning object (LO) content. Previously ontologies were exclusively employed for enriching LOs' metadata. Although such an approach is useful, as it improves retrieval of relevant LOs from LO repositories, it does not enable one to reuse components of a LO, nor to incorporate an explicit…

  18. PCK to practice: Two experienced high school chemistry teachers' pedagological content knowledge in their teaching practice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boesdorfer, Sarah B.

    Pedagogical content knowledge has been defined by Magnusson, Krajcik, and Borko (1999) and others for the purpose of understanding science teachers' knowledge and teaching practice. It is hoped that by improving our understanding of science teachers' PCK, we can improve the education and practice of science teachers. Research describing all domains of a teacher's PCK and its use in the practice of teaching has not been well established. The purpose of this study is to understand how two experienced secondary chemistry teachers' PCK manifests itself in their daily teaching practice. For each teacher, observations, interviews, and class documents were utilized to provide a detailed description of the five domains for PCK as defined by Magnusson et al. Both teachers were well regarded in their schools, but one teacher's PCK was found to be significantly more consistent with our current understanding of science teaching and learning. Along with the comparisons of the two teachers' knowledge, this research found that the teachers' knowledge and their enacted knowledge did not always correspond---suggesting the importance of observations for understanding PCK's influence on teaching practices. In addition, this study supports the importance of clearly defining a teacher's orientation toward science teaching in understanding a teacher's PCK. Both teachers' orientations toward science teaching were found to greatly influence their knowledge and actions in the other PCK domains. Finally, this study suggests that a teacher's knowledge of science curriculum should not be defined only as the knowledge of goals and objectives because this narrow definition of curriculum does not allow a complete understanding of the teacher's knowledge nor how their knowledge affects their practice. These conclusions have implications for future research and teacher educators.

  19. Efficacy for Teaching Elementary Science and Mathematics Compared to Other Content

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buss, Ray R.

    2010-01-01

    The study was conducted to examine preservice, elementary teachers' efficacy for teaching science and mathematics as compared with other elementary content. The instrument assessed efficacy for teaching (EFT) five elementary content areas: science, mathematics, reading, classroom management, and general instruction. Three hundred twenty-five…

  20. Holistic approach to learning and teaching introductory object-oriented programming

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Neena Thota; Richard Whitfield

    2010-01-01

    This article describes a holistic approach to designing an introductory, object-oriented programming course. The design is grounded in constructivism and pedagogy of phenomenography. We use constructive alignment as the framework to align assessments, learning, and teaching with planned learning outcomes. We plan learning and teaching activities, and media with an understanding of variation theory and the ways in which students

  1. Teaching and Learning about Genocide: Questions of Content, Rationale, and Methodology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parsons, William S.; Totten, Samuel

    1991-01-01

    Points out there has been an increase in curricular materials for the study of genocide. Maintains that teachers need a rationale for teaching about genocide to help them select appropriate content. Provides examples of rationales from leading educators and delineates three teaching models. Includes curricular resources and an eight-item…

  2. Graphic Design: A Sustainable Solution to Manage the Contents of Teaching Materials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Victor, Garcia Izaguirre; Luisa, Pier Castello Maria; Eduardo, Arvizu Sanchez

    2010-01-01

    There is a concern that the teaching of subjects is applied not only with support from a set of technological devices, but largely in the proper use of teaching and new technologies. Taking this idea, the authors develop a research and sustainable design that result in educational materials in solid content and technological innovation, also to…

  3. Making Connections among Student Learning, Content, and Teaching: Teacher Talk Paths in Elementary Mathematics Lesson Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murata, Aki; Bofferding, Laura; Pothen, Bindu E.; Taylor, Megan W.; Wischnia, Sarah

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated how elementary teachers in a mathematics lesson study made sense of student learning, teaching, and content, as related to using representations in teaching multidigit subtraction, and how changes occurred over time in their talk and practice. The lesson-study process paved a group talk path along which teacher talk shifted…

  4. Pre-Service Chemistry Teachers' Beliefs about Teaching and Their Pedagogical Content Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oskay, Ozge Ozyalcin; Erdem, Emine; Yilmaz, Ayhan

    2009-01-01

    In this study the relationship between pre-service chemistry teachers' beliefs about teaching and their pedagogical content knowledge were investigated. The sample of the study consists of 99 pre-service chemistry teachers attending Hacettepe University, Faculty of Education. As data collection tools the adapted form of "Beliefs About Teaching

  5. Characterizing the Development of Specialized Mathematical Content Knowledge for Teaching in Algebraic Reasoning and Number Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bair, Sherry L.; Rich, Beverly S.

    2011-01-01

    This article characterizes the development of a deep and connected body of mathematical knowledge categorized by Ball and Bass' (2003b) model of Mathematical Knowledge for Teaching (MKT), as Specialized Content Knowledge for Teaching (SCK) in algebraic reasoning and number sense. The research employed multiple cases across three years from two…

  6. Teaching forensic odontology: an opinion on its content and format*.

    PubMed

    Acharya, A B

    2006-08-01

    Forensic odontology involves dentists' participation in assisting legal and criminal issues. Formal teaching in forensic odontology has existed for over a 100 years. Over the last century, forensic odontology has evolved and, today, it is an integral part of undergraduate dental training in many countries. Dentists have been trained in the specialty, and dedicated departments established in institutes and universities around the world. A survey undertaken at five universities revealed that these centres have developed detailed curricula in forensic odontology, and a general standard exists in teaching forensic odontology, however, coverage of recent advances in forensic science may be lacking. While recognising that these programmes are not representative of teaching in forensic odontology worldwide, suggestions are made for an alternative approach to teaching the subject. Moreover, it is stressed that teaching be undertaken by qualified forensic odontologists. PMID:16842587

  7. Interactive Physics: the role of interactive learning objects in teaching Physics in Engineering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Benito, R. M.; Cámara, M. E.; Arranz, F. J.

    2009-04-01

    In this work we present the results of a Project in educational innovation entitled "Interactive Physics". We have developed resources for teaching Physics for students of Engineering, with an emphasis in conceptual reinforcement and addressing the shortcomings of students entering the University. The resources developed include hypertext, graphics, equations, quizzes and more elaborated problems that cover the customary syllabus in first-year Physics: kinematics and dynamics, Newton laws, electricity and magnetism, elementary circuits… The role of vector quantities is stressed and we also provide help for the most usual mathematical tools (calculus and trigonometric formulas). The structure and level of detail of the resources are fitted to the conceptual difficulties that most of the students find. Some of the most advanced resources we have developed are interactive simulations. These are real simulations of key physical situations, not only animations. They serve as learning objects, in the well known sense of small reusable digital objects that are self-contained and tagged with metadata. In this sense, we use them to link concepts and content through interaction with active engagement of the student. The development of an interactive simulation involves several steps. First, we identify common pitfalls in the conceptual framework of the students and the points in which they stumble frequently. Then we think of a way to make clear the physical concepts using a simulation. After that, we program the simulation (using Flash or Java) and finally the simulation is tested with the students, and we reelaborate some parts of it in terms of usability. In our communication, we discuss the usefulness of these interactive simulations in teaching Physics for engineers, and their integration in a more comprehensive b-learning system.

  8. Evocative Objects: Reflections on Teaching, Learning, and Living in between

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hesse, Doug; Sommers, Nancy; Yancey, Kathleen Blake

    2012-01-01

    Objects are rich sources of inquiry; they invite individuals to observe closely, pose questions, forge connections, and anchor ideas in the concrete. By examining a son's craft project, a family photograph, and an image of tectonic plates, the authors demonstrate how objects can elicit rhetorical invention. While this venture started as a writing…

  9. An Iterative Methodology for Teaching Object Oriented Concepts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Irit Hadar; Ethan Hadar

    2007-01-01

    Abstract thinking is a vital skill when learning computer science. Object technology and the concepts it is based upon make this skill even more crucial. However, previous research works show that students in top universities as well as experienced practitioners in industry encounter dif- ficulties in thinking in abstract terms while practicing object oriented development. In this paper we suggest

  10. Object Centered Design for Java: Teaching OOD in CS-1

    E-print Network

    Adams, Joel

    -centered design (OCD) is a methodology developed to help novice C++ programmers learn to design software. By adapting OCD for use with Java, we can reduce the number of phases in OCD from five to three, and introduce to object-oriented design described in [1] is called object centered design (OCD). OCD begins with a simple

  11. Teaching the Bible: A Legal and Objective Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woods, Jimmy L.

    1980-01-01

    Asserting that the Supreme Court's 1963 Schempp decision does not prohibit biblical instruction in the public schools, but only mandates that it be objective, the author suggests several techniques for incorporating Biblical allusions and stories into literature instruction. (SJL)

  12. Teaching Critical-Thinking Skills Using Course Content Material: A Reversal of Roles

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Thomas Lauer

    2005-05-01

    The strategy of getting students to understand science content using critical thinking has been widely used by instructors for decades. The methodology presented here was used to teach and improve critical-thinking skills in an atmosphere that focused on content material and was devoid of educational terminology.

  13. A National Study of Training Content and Activities for Faculty Development for Online Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyer, Katrina A.; Murrell, Vicki S.

    2014-01-01

    This article presents the results of a national study of 39 higher education institutions that collected information about their practices for faculty development for online teaching and particularly the content and training activities used during 2011-2012. This study found that the most frequently offered training content (97% of the…

  14. The Content of Science: A Constructivist Approach to Its Teaching and Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fensham, Peter, Ed.; And Others

    This book is a result of a workshop where 14 science educators were invited to draft chapters on the implications that the research studies in a specific content area of science have for its teaching. The relations between social forces and perceptions of purpose and content lay behind discussions in the workshop, and influenced the emergence of…

  15. Occupational therapy education: the relationship of purpose, objectives, and teaching models.

    PubMed

    Leonardelli, C A; Gratz, R R

    1986-02-01

    A clearly stated purpose of basic professional education in occupational therapy provides a base for educational programs to develop learning objectives and identify effective teaching models and behaviors. The primary purpose of professional education should be the development of problem-solving skills, self-awareness, and creative productive thinking, with "hands-on" skills relegated to a secondary purpose. Specific learning objectives and the teaching models that have been developed to meet these objectives are presented. The authors further suggest that there must be a relationship between what occurs in the classroom (implementation of teaching models) and the purpose of professional education. A survey of current occupational therapy faculty members was conducted to identify a) their preparedness in the use of teaching models and b) other factors affecting their classroom behavior (years of experience, educational level, area of concentration). Survey results portray a relatively young faculty in both rank and experience. Other data indicate that although 85% of the respondents had taken at least one education course, only slightly more than half were familiar with teaching models. Most respondents felt that course work in educational methods and models aids in the development of more effective teaching strategies. PMID:3953751

  16. Teaching object structures: Setting priorities and choosing the medium

    SciTech Connect

    Gore, J. [Eastern New Mexico Univ., Portales, NM (United States); [ToolCASE Computing, Inc., Denver, CO (United States)

    1995-12-31

    This Paper addresses issues encountered while transitioning a CS2-level course in Data Structures into one in Object Structures. A prioritization of concepts is suggested, followed by a discussion of the degrees to which various commonly available programming languages support them. These are illustrated with decisions the author made in his own course and text.

  17. A Cognitive Perspective on Teaching Object Oriented Analysis and Design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    CASPAR RYAN; GHASSAN AL-QAIMARI

    In this paper, we introduce a model, for developing training systems for object-oriented analysis and design, which we believe addresses the shortcomings of traditional design methods for interactive systems, when applied to this class of problem. Our model combines both the theory and methods of our research and is suitable for general isation to a wider range of disciplines. Our

  18. Terminal Behavioral Objectives for Teaching Clinical Toxicology to Clinical Pharmacists

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Veltri, Joseph C.; And Others

    1976-01-01

    As a first step in the development of a competency-based clinical toxicology clerkship, a set of terminal behavioral objectives were developed that reflect the anticipated role that clinical pharmacists should play as part of the clinical toxicology team. The evaluation approaches used at the University of Utah are presented. (LBH)

  19. Object Lessons: Teaching Math through the Visual Arts, K-5

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holtzman, Caren; Susholtz, Lynn

    2011-01-01

    When Caren Holtzman and Lynn Susholtz look around a classroom, they see "a veritable goldmine of mathematical investigations" involving number, measurement, size, shape, symmetry, ratio, and proportion. They also think of the ways great artists have employed these concepts in their depictions of objects and space--for example, Picasso's use of…

  20. Virtual Visualisation Laboratory for Science and Mathematics Content (Vlab-SMC) with Special Reference to Teaching and Learning of Chemistry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Badioze Zaman, Halimah; Bakar, Norashiken; Ahmad, Azlina; Sulaiman, Riza; Arshad, Haslina; Mohd. Yatim, Nor Faezah

    Research on the teaching of science and mathematics in schools and universities have shown that available teaching models are not effective in instilling the understanding of scientific and mathematics concepts, and the right scientific and mathematics skills required for learners to become good future scientists (mathematicians included). The extensive development of new technologies has a marked influence on education, by facilitating the design of new learning and teaching materials, that can improve the attitude of learners towards Science and Mathematics and the plausibility of advanced interactive, personalised learning process. The usefulness of the computer in Science and Mathematics education; as an interactive communication medium that permits access to all types of information (texts, images, different types of data such as sound, graphics and perhaps haptics like smell and touch); as an instrument for problem solving through simulations of scientific and mathematics phenomenon and experiments; as well as measuring and monitoring scientific laboratory experiments. This paper will highlight on the design and development of the virtual Visualisation Laboratory for Science & Mathematics Content (VLab-SMC) based on the Cognitivist- Constructivist-Contextual development life cycle model as well as the Instructional Design (ID) model, in order to achieve its objectives in teaching and learning. However, this paper with only highlight one of the virtual labs within VLab-SMC that is, the Virtual Lab for teaching Chemistry (VLab- Chem). The development life cycle involves the educational media to be used, measurement of content, and the authoring and programming involved; whilst the ID model involves the application of the cognitivist, constructivist and contextual theories in the modeling of the modules of VLab-SMC generally and Vlab-Chem specifically, using concepts such as 'learning by doing', contextual learning, experimental simulations 3D and real-time animations to create a virtual laboratory based on a real laboratory. Initial preliminary study shows positive indicators of VLab-Chem for the teaching and learning of Chemistry on the topic of 'Salts and Acids'.

  1. Understanding Teaching beyond Content and Method: Insights from Central Asia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Niyozov, Sarfaroz

    2009-01-01

    This study suggests the need for complex research approaches that provide richer, contested, and nondichotomous portrayals of classrooms, schooling life, and teachers. Drawing from a qualitative study of Tajik teachers' practices and perspectives (Niyozov, 2001) and studies on teaching conducted in Kyrgyzstan (De Young, Reeves, & Valyaeva , 2006;…

  2. Teaching Fitness-Based Content: Knowledge in Physical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Matt; Sharpe, Tom

    2005-01-01

    Teaching students about the physiological benefits of regular exercise is an important, though often challenging, aspect of the K-12 physical education curriculum. Due to a variety of class schedules and physical space restrictions, some physical educators may have difficulty integrating fitness and wellness concepts into their daily lessons.…

  3. TEACHING CONTENT IN SPANISH IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    PENA, ALBAR A.

    RESEARCH IN THE AREA OF SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNING SUPPORTS THE BELIEF THAT LANGUAGE STUDY SHOULD BEGIN AS EARLY AS KINDERGARTEN OR THE FIRST GRADE. EARLY TRAINING IN LANGUAGE STUDY CAN ENHANCE AND REINFORCE THE KNOWLEDGE GAINED IN AREAS SUCH AS SCIENCE, SOCIAL STUDIES, OR READING. THEREFORE, WITH THE SPANISH-SPEAKING PEOPLE, IT IS LOGICAL TO TEACH

  4. Using Thematic Units To Teach Content Reading Subjects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mickel, Vesta; Goerss, Betty

    The trend in many classrooms is to move away from using a single textbook in content area classrooms and move toward the use of various works of children's literature integrated with and related to a content-area topic. Instead of using a single discipline approach, teachers should use a multidisciplinary approach in which several subject areas…

  5. Rock and Roll English Teaching: Content-Based Cultural Workshops

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, Tim

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the author shares a content-based English as a Second/Foreign Language (ESL/EFL) workshop that strengthens language acquisition, increases intrinsic motivation, and bridges cultural divides. He uses a rock and roll workshop to introduce an organizational approach with a primary emphasis on cultural awareness content and a…

  6. Creating MAGIC: system for generating learning object metadata for instructional content

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ying Li; Chitra Dorai; Robert G. Farrell

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents our latest work on building a system called MAGIC (Metadata Automated Generation for Instructional Content) that will automatically identify segments and generate critical metadata conforming with the SCORM (Sharable Content Object Reference Model) standard for instructional content. Various content analytics engines are utilized to automatically generate key metadata, which include audiovisual analysis modules that recognize semantic sound

  7. An ontology-based intelligent learning object for teaching the basics of digital logic

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tarmo Robal; Taavi Kann; Ahto Kalja

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we propose an intelligent learning object as a tool for teaching the basics of digital logic in which students learn by exploring and investigating the elements. The novelty of the tool relies in the use of specially designed ontology to capture domain knowledge of microelectronics. traditional materials is declining, creating a need to raise motivation in students,

  8. Entrepreneurship Education: A Review of Its Objectives, Teaching Methods, and Impact Indicators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mwasalwiba, Ernest Samwel

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to take stock of existing publications devoted to entrepreneurship education and assess the alignment existing between its generic objectives, target audience, teaching methods and impact indicators. Design/methodology/approach: A semi-systematic literature review is applied; using six thematically separated excel data…

  9. GIS Learning Objects: An Approach to Content Aggregation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Govorov, Michael; Gienko, Gennady

    2013-01-01

    Content development and maintenance of geographic information systems (GIS) related courses, especially designed for distance and online delivery, could be a tedious task even for an experienced instructor. The paper outlines application of abstract instructional design techniques for modeling course structure and developing corresponding course…

  10. Technological pedagogical content knowledge and teaching practice of mathematics trainee teachers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tajudin, Nor'ain Mohd.; Kadir, Noor Zarinawaty Abd.

    2014-07-01

    This study aims to identify the level of technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPCK) of mathematics trainee teachers at Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris (UPSI) and explore their teaching practices during practical training at school. The study was conducted in two phases using a mix-method research. In the first phase, a survey method using a questionnaire was carried out on 156 trainee teachers of Bachelor of Mathematics Education (AT14) and Bachelor of Science (Mathematics) with Education (AT48). The instrument used was a questionnaire that measures the level of content knowledge, pedagogy, technology and TPCK of mathematics. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, namely the mean. While in the second phase, the interview method involved four trainee teachers were performed. The instrument used was the semi-structured interview protocol to assess the trainee teacher's TPCK integration in their teaching practice. Data were analyzed using the content analysis. The findings showed that the level of knowledge of TPCK among trainee teachers was moderate with overall mean score of 3.60. This level did not show significant differences between the two programs with mean scores of 3.601 for the AT14 group and 3.603 for the AT48 group. However, there was a difference for gender classification such that the female trainees had mean score of 3.58 and male trainees with mean score of 3.72. Although students' TPCK level was moderate, the level of content knowledge (CK), technological knowledge (TK) and pedagogical knowledge (PK), showed a higher level with overall mean scores of 3.75, 3.87 and 3.84 respectively. The findings also showed that in terms of content knowledge, trainee teacher's learning mathematics background was good, but the knowledge of mathematics was limited in the curriculum, philosophy and application aspect. In terms of pedagogical content knowledge, all respondents tend to use lecture and discussion methods in teaching Trigonometry topic in almost the entire teaching and learning sessions. In terms of using technology in teaching and learning process, all respondents were more likely to use PowerPoint presentation as well as assisted by the use of a scientific calculator. The use of PowerPoint was limited in explaining the title and its content and the calculators were used during practice sessions. The four trainee teachers were still at the recognizing and acceptance levels of TPCK integration during their teaching practice. This study indicates that UPSI trainee teachers should be given exposure in the use of information and communication technology and trained to provide alternative teaching strategies in more creative ways if there are obstacles when integrating technology in teaching and learning process.

  11. Teaching Economics to Undergraduates in Europe: Volume, Structure, and Contents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gartner, Manfred

    2001-01-01

    Examines how much time is spent in economics and management sciences programs; how much time is allocated among different courses within programs; what common thematic denominators exist; and whether and in what way content in microeconomics and macroeconomics courses differs. (RLH)

  12. Secondary Agricultural Science as Content and Context for Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, T. Grady; Ball, Anna L.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this philosophical article was to examine the role of agriculture in agricultural education. This philosophical argument, in many ways, reexamines the very discussions pondered by Dewey and Snedden almost a century ago. In secondary agricultural education classes today, is agriculture the content learned, or the context in which…

  13. Bilingual Teaching in Content Areas: Navajo/English.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carrillo, F. M.; Carrillo, Ida S.

    A Navajo/English bilingual program uses the student's knowledge of his first language, offers the opportunity to speak in two languages, and helps the student move from the home experience to the school experience. It gives instruction in content materials to all students either in English or in Navajo and direct language instruction in both…

  14. Working Smarter, Not Harder: Reaching the Tough to Teach. Part II--Content Integration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rockwell, Sylvia

    2008-01-01

    "Working Smarter, Not Harder: Reaching the Tough to Teach" is the topic of an exclusive four-part series by the author for the "Kappa Delta Pi Record." Part I, Prior Knowledge and Concept Development, appeared in the Fall 2007 issue of the "Record." This article is the second of the four-part series. It discusses content integration and how to…

  15. Is Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK) Necessary for Reformed Science Teaching?: Evidence from an Empirical Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Park, Soonhye; Jang, Jeong-Yoon; Chen, Ying-Chih; Jung, Jinhong

    2011-01-01

    This study tested a hypothesis that focused on whether or not teachers' pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) is a necessary body of knowledge for reformed science teaching. This study utilized a quantitative research method to investigate the correlation between a teacher's PCK level as measured by the PCK rubric (Park et al. 2008) and the degree…

  16. Teaching Density to Middle School Students: Preservice Science Teachers' Content Knowledge and Pedagogical Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dawkins, Karen R.; Dickerson, Daniel L.; McKinney, Sueanne E.; Butler, Susan

    2008-01-01

    Content knowledge and pedagogical practices are of particular concern to middle school science instructors teaching density. First introduced in elementary grades with the ideas of floating and sinking, density taught in middle school is geared toward understanding through the use of mathematical formulas. Using a lesson-plan study design, the…

  17. An Interdisciplinary Inservice Model for Teaching Reading in the Content Areas: Grades 7-9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Granite School District, Salt Lake City, UT.

    The model outlined in this document describes the development of an integrated approach to teaching content reading skills to teachers. Methods and materials applicable to texts and media currently used in classrooms were produced by inservice teachers of science, math, and social studies at a Salt Lake City junior high school. This document…

  18. Literature-Based Teaching in the Content Areas: 40 Strategies for K-8 Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cox, Carole

    2011-01-01

    Grounded in theory and best-practices research, this practical text provides teachers with 40 strategies for using fiction and non-fiction trade books to teach in five key content areas: language arts and reading, social studies, mathematics, science, and the arts. Each strategy provides everything a teacher needs to get started: a classroom…

  19. Rethinking about the Pedagogy for Pedagogical Content Knowledge in the Context of Mathematics Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozmantar, Mehmet Fatih

    2011-01-01

    This study reconsiders the notion of pedagogy for pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) in the context of teaching mathematics. The perspectives of critical pedagogy are employed for this reconsideration, stressing the operation of historical, social, ideological, political, institutional and cultural forces in the production of pedagogical…

  20. Experienced Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge of Teaching Acid-Base Chemistry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drechsler, Michal; Van Driel, Jan

    2008-01-01

    We investigated the pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) of nine experienced chemistry teachers. The teachers took part in a teacher training course on students' difficulties and the use of models in teaching acid-base chemistry, electrochemistry, and redox reactions. Two years after the course, the teachers were interviewed about their PCK of (1)…

  1. Eyes on the Prize: Teaching Complex Historical Content to Middle School Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gersten, Russell; Baker, Scott K.; Smith-Johnson, Joyce; Dimino, Joseph; Peterson, Anne

    2006-01-01

    This study compared two approaches for teaching a history unit on the Civil Rights Movement (1954-1965) to middle school students with learning disabilities (LD) in general education settings. The curriculum was designed to make the content challenging, but accessible. The major text was the documentary, Eyes on the Prize (DeVinney, 1991).…

  2. Teaching Thinking Skills in the Content Area: A Workshop for Secondary School Teachers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Evelyn Ryan

    1994-01-01

    This thesis presents a curriculum for a workshop on teaching thinking skills in the content area designed for secondary school teachers. In-service time for the workshop is twenty hours. The first fifteen hours are scheduled for one week in the summer. Two follow-up sessions, each two and a half hours in length, are scheduled during the school year. The purpose

  3. Following "Teaching of Psychology" into Middle Age: Changes, Contributors, and Contents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griggs, Richard A.; Collisson, Brian

    2013-01-01

    Honoring "Teaching of Psychology" ("ToP") as it approaches its 40th anniversary, we extend prior overviews of its development and growth into 2012. We describe changes in editorial staff and journal organization, identify and describe the top 20 most frequent contributors to "ToP," and present the results of a content

  4. Postmodernism and Spirituality: Some Pedagogical Implications for Teaching Content on Spirituality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hodge, David R.; Derezotes, David S.

    2008-01-01

    The integration of spirituality content into curricula has accelerated dramatically during the past decade. Despite this trend, little discussion has appeared in the literature about the instructional methods best suited to teach spirituality. Adopting a new approach referred to as "pedagogical pluralism," the authors suggest that some aspects of…

  5. An Object Oriented Approach to Content Planning for Text Generation

    E-print Network

    Abstract This paper describes GENIE, an object­oriented architecture that generates text with the intent the first shot, rather than being diverted by an extended dialogue. The GENIE project at Columbia has or relations between concepts. The GENIE [Wolz et al. 90, Wolz 90a] project has two major goals. First

  6. Influence of Content Knowledge on Pedagogical Content Knowledge: The Case of Teaching Photosynthesis and Plant Growth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kapyla, Markku; Heikkinen, Jussi-Pekka; Asunta, Tuula

    2009-01-01

    The aim of the research was to investigate the effect of the amount and quality of content knowledge on pedagogical content knowledge (PCK). The biological content photosynthesis and plant growth was used as an example. The research sample consisted of 10 primary and 10 secondary (biology) teacher students. Questionnaires, lesson preparation task…

  7. Secondary school biology teaching, 1983--2004: Objectives as stated in periodical literature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Russell, James W., Sr.

    Purpose of the study. The major purpose of this study was to identify and to classify objectives for teaching biology in secondary school in the United States during the period 1983-2004. These objectives were identified by objective statements in articles from selected professional periodicals. Procedure. The 1983-2004 period was divided into four subperiods on the basis of major historical events. Selected professional periodicals were searched for statements of objectives of secondary school biology teaching. These statements were catalogued into Knowledge, Process, Product, Attitude and Interest, or Cultural Awareness categories. The resulting data were classified within and across the four subperiods according to frequency of occurrence, category, authorship, and year. Findings. The major findings of this investigation included the following: (1) Authorships in Higher Education produced the most articles and the most statements in each subperiod. Miscellaneous authors produced the least articles and statements. (2) Statements in the Attitude and Interest category were the most frequent in the four subperiods. (3) The "most important" objectives for secondary school biology teaching were Presents major facts, principles, or fundamentals (from the Knowledge category), Expresses scientific attitudes and appreciation, Identifies the nature of science and scientists, and Identifies scientific interest and career development (from the Attitude and Interest category), and Develops scientific method of thinking (from the Process category). Conclusions. Based on the findings of this investigation, the following conclusions were made: (1) The objectives for teaching secondary school biology were influenced by historical events, especially the publication of A Nation at Risk: The Imperative for Educational Reform in 1983, America 2000 in 1988, Goals 2000 in 1994, No Child Left Behind in 2000. The rapid growth and expansion of technology and the World Wide Web during the time span of the study also influenced the number of objectives. (2) Authors in Higher Education wrote more articles about the objectives for the teaching of secondary school biology than those in Secondary Education or other categories. This was probably a reflection of the "publish or perish" environment in many colleges and universities.

  8. The Effects of a Summer Science Camp Teaching Experience on Preservice Elementary Teachers' Science Teaching Efficacy, Science Content Knowledge, and Understanding of the Nature of Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Logerwell, Mollianne G.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of a summer science camp teaching experience on preservice elementary teachers' science teaching efficacy, science content knowledge, and understanding of the nature of science. Master's degree students enrolled in the elementary Fairfax Partnership Schools (FPS, n = 21) cohort served as the…

  9. Usable Assessments for Teaching Science Content and Inquiry Standards

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Christopher J. Harris

    2006-01-01

    This chapter reports on an approach to developing middle school science assessments using a learning-goals-driven design model. The design process for creating usable assessments that are aligned with curriculum and important science content and inquiry learning standards is described, as is the use of rubrics as an assessment tool. Evidence from the enactment of a middle school chemistry unit shows the initial success of the work reported on, as well as lessons learned from the real-world environment of an urban science classroom.

  10. Object size, spatial-frequency content and retinal contrast

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rizzi, Alessandro

    2010-02-01

    Recent interest in HDR scene capture and display has stimulated measurements of the usable range of contrast information for human vision. These experiments have led to a model that calculates the retinal contrast image. A fraction of the light from each scene pixel is scattered to all retinal pixels. The amount of scattered light decreases with distance from the other pixels. By summing the light falling on each retinal pixel from all the scene pixels we can calculate the retinal image contrast. As objects, such as text letters, get smaller, their retinal contrast gets lower, even though the scene contrast is constant. This paper studies the Landolt C data, a commonly used test targets for measuring visual acuity, using three frameworks. First, it compares the visual acuity measurements with the receptor mosaic dimension. Second, discusses the Campbell and Robson's experiments and the limits of the Contrast Sensitivity Function (CSF). Third, the paper reports the calculated retinal stimulus after intraocular scatter of both Landolt C and Campbell and Robson's stimuli. These three different frameworks are useful in understanding limits of human vision. Each approach gives only one piece of the puzzle. Retinal contrast, CSF, and retinal cone spacing all influence our understanding of human vision limits. We have analyzed Landolt C and CSF using retinal contrast. Glare effect on Landolt C shows that retinal images are significantly different from target images. Veiling glare of the sine-wave stimuli used by Campbell and Robson to measure CSF, results in a retinal contrast decrease. This, above 3-4 cpd, correlates well with the data reported by them.

  11. The role of content knowledge in conceptions of teaching effectiveness in physical education.

    PubMed

    Ward, Phillip

    2013-12-01

    Physical education teachers and the programs that prepare them find themselves in the early part of the 21st century in a public policy environment that differs significantly from that of the 20th century. This policy environment is grounded in an ideology that postulates that schools and teachers, rather than social forces, should be held responsible for academic outcomes, and in turn, economic success. For the first time, physical education teachers are being held accountable for student learning in the same way as their classroom peers. Improving the effectiveness of teachers is seen as the primary mechanism for improving student learning. In discussing how teaching effectiveness has evolved, I describe a relationship among the process-product paradigm, the ecological paradigm, and a neo-ecological paradigm called the instructional core. The latter paradigm extends our understanding of teaching effectiveness in new ways by describing the dynamic and interdependent relationship among teacher, student, and content in the gymnasium. It has significant implications for the professional development of teachers and the conduct of teaching effectiveness research. I conclude by discussing why content is so critical to conceptions of teaching effectiveness. PMID:24592773

  12. Same Old Story: The Problem of Object-Based Thinking as a Basis for Teaching Distant Places

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Fran

    2013-01-01

    The English Geography National Curriculum encourages primary teachers to focus on similarities and differences when teaching distant places. The issues this raises are particularly acute when teaching geography in the context of the Global South. In this article I argue that comparisons based on object-based thinking can lead to views of the…

  13. How Does Mechanical Weathering Change Rocks? Using Reading-to-Learn Strategies to Teach Science Content

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Jennifer Toby

    2009-01-01

    Many teachers fall into the pattern of "assumptive teaching" (Herber 1970), assuming that other instructors will teach students the important strategies they need for learning. In this case, tools and strategies may not be taught outside of reading or language arts because a science teacher can say, "It's not my job." However, a sixth-grade team decided to make it their jobs. With the help of university researchers, they employed three reading-to-learn strategies in their content areas as a routine instructional strategy to help students become expert readers. In this article, they summarize their work using one particular science lesson as an example. This snapshot demonstrates how the reading-to-learn strategies are used in the service of learning science content.

  14. Teaching Academic Content and Literacy to English Learners in Elementary and Middle School. IES Practice Guide. NCEE 2014-4012

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Scott; Lesaux, Nonie; Jayanthi, Madhavi; Dimino, Joseph; Proctor, C. Patrick; Morris, Joan; Gersten, Russell; Haymond, Kelly; Kieffer, Michael J.; Linan-Thompson, Sylvia; Newman-Gonchar, Rebecca

    2014-01-01

    As English learners face the double demands of building knowledge of a second language while learning complex grade-level content, teachers must find effective ways to make challenging content comprehensible for students. This updated English learner practice guide, "Teaching Academic Content and Literacy to English Learners in Elementary and…

  15. OBJECTIVE PREDICTION OF VISUAL SALIENCY MAPS IN EGOCENTRIC VIDEOS FOR CONTENT-ACTION INTERPRETATION

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    OBJECTIVE PREDICTION OF VISUAL SALIENCY MAPS IN EGOCENTRIC VIDEOS FOR CONTENT-ACTION INTERPRETATION, France ABSTRACT Extraction of visual saliency from video is in the focus of in- tensive research nowadays subjective saliency maps, recorded on the basis of gaze- tracker data in a new upcoming video content

  16. Content-based fused off-axis object illumination direct-to-digital holography

    DOEpatents

    Price, Jeffery R.

    2006-05-02

    Systems and methods are described for content-based fused off-axis illumination direct-to-digital holography. A method includes calculating an illumination angle with respect to an optical axis defined by a focusing lens as a function of data representing a Fourier analyzed spatially heterodyne hologram; reflecting a reference beam from a reference mirror at a non-normal angle; reflecting an object beam from an object the object beam incident upon the object at the illumination angle; focusing the reference beam and the object beam at a focal plane of a digital recorder to from the content-based off-axis illuminated spatially heterodyne hologram including spatially heterodyne fringes for Fourier analysis; and digitally recording the content based off-axis illuminated spatially heterodyne hologram including spatially heterodyne fringes for Fourier analysis.

  17. Developing and Enacting Pedagogical Content Knowledge for Teaching History: An Exploration of Two Novice Teachers' Growth over Three Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Monte-Sano, Chauncey; Budano, Christopher

    2013-01-01

    Using artifacts of teachers' practices, classroom observations, and teacher interviews, we explore the development and enactment of 2 novices' pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) for teaching history. We identify and track 4 components of PCK that are relevant to teaching history: representing history, transforming history, attending to students'…

  18. Teaching Library Skills and Content to Linguistically Diverse Students: The Role of Advance Organizers and Visual Resources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dame, Melvina Azar

    1995-01-01

    Explores ways in which school library media specialists can use advance organizers such as concept maps, picture files, and books without words to teach library skills to students with limited English proficiency. The author also shows how these resources can help teachers teach in the various content areas. (GR)

  19. The Influence of Mathematics Teachers' Knowledge in Technology, Pedagogy and Content (TPACK) on their Teaching Effectiveness in Saudi Public Schools

    E-print Network

    Alshehri, Khaled Abdullah

    2012-12-31

    is: Does expertise in technology integration, pedagogy and content relate to teaching effectiveness? The TPACK expertise of 347 secondary male mathematics teachers in Riyadh public schools was measured by self-evaluation questionnaires. Principals...

  20. Extending the SCORM Specification for References to the Open Content Object

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhu, Xin-hua

    2007-01-01

    The Open Content Object (OCO), which was put forward in the author's previous paper, is an object that has the function of requesting services and providing services through the messages-passing mechanism, which relies on the Learning Management System (LMS) as the scheduling center of messages. The OCOs can offer a particular and flexible…

  1. Diffraction and interference--a standard teaching topic using non-standard diffracting objects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gröber, S.; Vetter, M.; Eckert, B.; Jodl, H.-J.

    2014-01-01

    This topic--diffraction and interference--is a standard topic in teaching wave optics in schools and universities as well as in physics practical labs. The theoretical presentation needs some knowledge in mathematics; the final formula for the intensity pattern as a function of all parameters such as number of slits N, slit width b, slit distance d, wavelength ? of light used is not too complicated. The experimental setup is standard and well known. In our opinion the shortage comes here from the relatively poor quality of scattering objects produced by photolithography and by the small number of various objects in N, b and d. We on the contrary offer objects produced by electron beam lithography with much higher contrast and larger resolution. As a consequence, students are allowed to study not only positions of a few maxima and minima of the interference pattern, but determine relative intensities of maxima and minima with respect to central maximum, details around sub-maxima, band shape and bandwidth. In addition, we generated 150 objects with a variety in N, b and d and also offer five different wavelengths. Since these objects are hardly available and not so easy to copy we offer this experiment as a remotely controlled laboratory experiment which means the real experiment located in A can be used by everyone with his or her computer located in B via the Internet.

  2. Under the Big Top: Using the Hartford Circus Fire of 1944 to Teach Literacy Strategies to Connecticut's Content Area Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morse, M. Lynn

    2008-01-01

    This article concerns the use of an historical event to teach interdisciplinary design and reading strategies to content area preservice teachers at a Connecticut state university. The course, a requirement for state certification, seeks to give secondary content area teachers strategies to help struggling readers. Teachers from all subject areas…

  3. Proto-object based rate control for JPEG2000: an approach to content-based scalability.

    PubMed

    Xue, Jianru; Li, Ce; Zheng, Nanning

    2011-04-01

    The JPEG2000 system provides scalability with respect to quality, resolution and color component in the transfer of images. However, scalability with respect to semantic content is still lacking. We propose a biologically plausible salient region based bit allocation mechanism within the JPEG2000 codec for the purpose of augmenting scalability with respect to semantic content. First, an input image is segmented into several salient proto-objects (a region that possibly contains a semantically meaningful physical object) and background regions (a region that contains no object of interest) by modeling visual focus of attention on salient proto-objects. Then, a novel rate control scheme distributes a target bit rate to each individual region according to its saliency, and constructs quality layers of proto-objects for the purpose of more precise truncation comparable to original quality layers in the standard. Empirical results show that the suggested approach adds to the JPEG2000 system scalability with respect to content as well as the functionality of selectively encoding, decoding, and manipulation of each individual proto-object in the image, with only some slightly trivial modifications to the JPEG2000 standard. Furthermore, the proposed rate control approach efficiently reduces the computational complexity and memory usage, as well as maintains the high quality of the image to a level comparable to the conventional post-compression rate distortion (PCRD) optimum truncation algorithm for JPEG2000. PMID:20858580

  4. Gaps in science content knowledge encountered during teaching practice: A study of early-career middle-school science teachers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kinghorn, Brian Edward

    Subject-specific content knowledge is crucial for effective science teaching, yet many teachers are entering the field not fully equipped with all the science content knowledge they need to effectively teach the subject. Learning from practice is one approach to bridging the gap between what practicing teachers know and what they need to know. This dissertation explores one aspect of learning from practice: when and how teachers encounter gaps in their science content knowledge during teaching practice and whether and how the teachers recognize those gaps. Classroom lessons of six early-career middle-;school science teachers in three states were observed and video-taped to document apparent gaps in their science content knowledge. The observations were followed by interviews with each teacher to determine when the teachers encountered science content knowledge gaps, the nature of those gaps, and whether the teacher recognized the gaps. Additional analysis focused on how the observed gaps may have been influenced by teachers' undergraduate science coursework, expressed confidence in their knowledge of the subjects they were observed teaching, and level of daily preparation to teach. Practices that helped teachers recognize gaps in their knowledge (and consequently opened opportunities to learn from practice) were identified, as were common practices that seemed to hinder learning from practice.

  5. An Analysis of Learning Objectives and Content Coverage in Introductory Psychology Syllabi

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Homa, Natalie; Hackathorn, Jana; Brown, Carrie M.; Garczynski, Amy; Solomon, Erin D.; Tennial, Rachel; Sanborn, Ursula A.; Gurung, Regan A. R.

    2013-01-01

    Introductory psychology is one of the most popular undergraduate courses and often serves as the gateway to choosing psychology as an academic major. However, little research has examined the typical structure of introductory psychology courses. The current study examined student learning objectives (SLOs) and course content in introductory…

  6. An Investigation of Cognitive and Affective Learning Outcomes as a Result of the Use of Behavioral Objectives in Teaching Poetry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snider, Sarah Cupp

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether the use of behavioral objectives in teaching poetry to ninth graders results in understanding on all cognitive levels and response on all affective levels. Four heterogeneously grouped ninth grade classes were randomly selected and assigned so that all four classes were involved in testing, and…

  7. Representing two worlds: illustrations in Spanish textbooks for the teaching of religion and object lessons (1900–1970)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ana Maria Badanelli

    2011-01-01

    This article aims to give an overview of the use and the meaning of images in two types of school textbooks used in Spain from the early twentieth century until the end of the 1960s: the textbooks Lecciones de cosas (‘object lessons’) and those used for the teaching of religion. For this analysis the iconographic-iconological method will be used as

  8. Representing two worlds: illustrations in Spanish textbooks for the teaching of religion and object lessons (1900–1970)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ana Maria Badanelli

    2012-01-01

    This article aims to give an overview of the use and the meaning of images in two types of school textbooks used in Spain from the early twentieth century until the end of the 1960s: the textbooks Lecciones de cosas (‘object lessons’) and those used for the teaching of religion. For this analysis the iconographic-iconological method will be used as

  9. Representing Two Worlds: Illustrations in Spanish Textbooks for the Teaching of Religion and Object Lessons (1900-1970)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Badanelli, Ana Maria

    2012-01-01

    This article aims to give an overview of the use and the meaning of images in two types of school textbooks used in Spain from the early twentieth century until the end of the 1960s: the textbooks "Lecciones de cosas" ("object lessons") and those used for the teaching of religion. For this analysis the iconographic-iconological method will be used…

  10. Submission of content to a digital object repository using a configurable workflow system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andreas V. Hense; Johannes Mueller

    2007-01-01

    The prototype of a workflow system for the submission of content to a digital object repository is here presented. It is based entirely on open-source standard components and features a service-oriented architecture. The front-end consists of Java Business Process Management {(jBPM)}, Java Server Faces {(JSF)}, and Java Server Pages {(JSP).} A Fedora Repository and a {mySQL} data base management system

  11. On Student Teaching: Educational Comment 1967.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ishler, Richard E., Ed.; Inglis, Joan D., Ed.

    This collection of papers is designed to provide information about the "new order in student teaching" (the various field experiences in preservice teacher education programs, e.g., observation, teaching under a supervising teacher, microteaching, internship, externship, simulated teaching, etc.). Contents are (1) "Goals and Objectives of Student…

  12. Effect of structure in problem based learning on science teaching efficacy beliefs and science content knowledge of elementary preservice teachers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sasser, Selena Kay

    This study examined the effects of differing amounts of structure within the problem based learning instructional model on elementary preservice teachers' science teaching efficacy beliefs, including personal science teaching efficacy and science teaching outcome expectancy, and content knowledge acquisition. This study involved sixty (60) undergraduate elementary preservice teachers enrolled in three sections of elementary science methods classes at a large Midwestern research university. This study used a quasi-experimental nonequivalent design to collect and analyze both quantitative and qualitative data. Participants completed instruments designed to assess science teaching efficacy beliefs, science background, and demographic data. Quantitative data from pre and posttests was obtained using the science teaching efficacy belief instrument-preservice (STEBI-B) developed by Enochs and Riggs (1990) and modified by Bleicher (2004). Data collection instruments also included a demographic questionnaire, an analytic rubric, and a structured interview; both created by the researcher. Quantitative data was analyzed by conducting ANCOVA, paired samples t-test, and independent samples t-test. Qualitative data was analyzed using coding and themes. Each of the treatment groups received the same problem scenario, one group experienced a more structured PBL setting, and one group experienced a limited structure PBL setting. Research personnel administered pre and posttests to determine the elementary preservice teachers' science teaching efficacy beliefs. The results show elementary preservice teachers'science teaching efficacy beliefs can be influence by the problem based learning instructional model. This study did not find that the amount of structure in the form of core ideas to consider and resources for further research increased science teaching efficacy beliefs in this sample. Results from the science content knowledge rubric indicated that structure can increase science content knowledge in this sample. Qualitative data from the tutor, fidelity raters, and interviews indicated the participants were excited about the problem and were interested in the science content knowledge related to the problem. They also indicated they were motivated to continue informal study in the problem area. Participants indicated, during the interview, their initial frustration with the lack of knowledge gained from the tutor; however, indicated this led to more learning on their part. This study will contribute to the overall knowledge of problem based learning and its structures, science teaching efficacy beliefs of elementary preservice teachers, and to current teaching and learning practices.

  13. The Impact of a Curriculum Course on Pre-Service Primary Teachers' Science Content Knowledge and Attitudes towards Teaching Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murphy, Cliona; Smith, Greg

    2012-01-01

    Many primary school teachers have insufficient content and pedagogical knowledge of science. This lack of knowledge can often lead to a lack of confidence and competence in teaching science. This article explores the impact of a year-long science methodology (curriculum science) course on second year Bachelor of Education (BEd) students'…

  14. Teaching Core Content Embedded in a Functional Activity to Students with Moderate Intellectual Disability Using a Simultaneous Prompting Procedure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karl, Jennifer; Collins, Belva C.; Hager, Karen D.; Ault, Melinda Jones

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a simultaneous prompting procedure in teaching four secondary students with moderate intellectual disability to acquire and generalize core content embedded in a functional activity. Data gathered within the context of a multiple probe design revealed that all participants learned the…

  15. Wikipedia as a Teaching Tool for Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPCK) Development in Pre-Service History Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozturk, Ibrahim Hakki

    2012-01-01

    This paper seeks to explore a web-based teaching activity designed for technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPCK) development in pre-service history teacher education in Turkey. The study is conducted by action research methodology. Using a project-based learning (PBL) approach, the designed activity aims to provide the necessary…

  16. Developing Robust Forms of Pre-Service Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge through Culturally Responsive Mathematics Teaching Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aguirre, Julia M.; Zavala, Maria del Rosario; Katanyoutanant, Tiffany

    2012-01-01

    This study documents and describes efforts to develop robust forms of pre-service teachers' pedagogical content knowledge through a culturally responsive mathematics teaching approach. Embedded in a university K-8 mathematics methods course emphasising the connections among mathematics, children's mathematical thinking, and…

  17. Developing Teacher-Researcher Partnerships to Investigate Best Practices: Literacy Learning and Teaching in Content Areas of the Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDonald, Trevor; Thornley, Christina; Fitzpatrick, Rosi; Elia, Angie; Stevens, Saria; Teulilo, Gloria; Johnston, Sue; Woock, Sandy; Selbie, Paul; McDonald, Lyn; Pullar, Ken; Pullar, Maree; Low, Helen

    2008-01-01

    This project aimed to identify a variety of literacy-teaching approaches that could be used in secondary content-area classrooms to improve the achievement of a wide range of students. Specifically, the project aimed to investigate: (1) literacy and the extent to which a focus on improved teacher knowledge and practice would lead to increases in…

  18. The Impact of Mathematics Professional Development on Elementary Teachers' Mathematics Content Knowledge for Teaching and Implementation of Innovative Pedagogical Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oleson, Vicki

    2010-01-01

    This study sought to understand the process of change elementary teachers experienced as they participated in mathematics professional development. This investigation explored the impact of mathematics professional development on teachers' content knowledge for teaching, their ability to implement innovative pedagogical practices, and the…

  19. Effects of a Science Content Course on Elementary Preservice Teachers' Self-Efficacy of Teaching Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bergman, Daniel J.; Morphew, Jason

    2015-01-01

    The preparation of elementary teachers to successfully teach science in their classrooms is a central issue in science education. The teacher preparation program at a large Midwestern university was modified to include a new science content course aimed at this need. A pre-/postassessment research model involved participants (N = 154) completing a…

  20. Content Knowledge, Attitudes, and Self-Efficacy in the Mathematics New York City Teaching Fellows (NYCTF) Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, Brian R.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to understand the mathematical content knowledge new teachers have both before and after taking a mathematics methods course in the NYCTF program. Further, the purpose was to understand the attitudes toward mathematics and concepts of self-efficacy that Teaching Fellows had over the course of the semester. The sample…

  1. Teaching College Level Content and Reading Comprehension Skills Simultaneously via an Artificially Intelligent Adaptive Computerized Instructional System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ray, Roger D.; Belden, Noelle

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents a behavioral model for conceptualizing advanced reading comprehension as a "higher order" behavior class. Also discussed are strategies and tactics utilized by an artificially intelligent adaptive tutoring and testing software system designed to shape such comprehension skills while also teaching subject-specific "content" to…

  2. Using Literacy Coaching to Promote the Teaching and Learning of English Learners in Content Areas. CREATE Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reutebuch, Colleen K.

    2012-01-01

    This brief describes the literacy coaching that was provided as part of the CREATE research project aimed at improving the teaching and learning of English learners in seventh-grade content areas. Coaching was intended to extend professional development and increase teacher capacity through multiple layers of support that included lesson…

  3. A Study of K-12 Teacher Interns' Incorporation of Multicultural Content and Theory into Their Teaching Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dzoole, Edith Mechelle

    2012-01-01

    This research study examined 394 K-12 teacher interns' incorporation of multicultural content and theory into their teaching practices during a 16-week internship in schools, mostly located within a 30-mile radius of Mississippi State University. The teacher interns had completed all coursework and practicum hours required by their teacher…

  4. Objective and Subjective Assessment of Reciprocal Peer Teaching in Medical Gross Anatomy Laboratory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bentley, Brian S.; Hill, Robert V.

    2009-01-01

    Reciprocal peer teaching (RPT), wherein students alternate roles as teacher and learner, has been applied in several educational arenas with varying success. Here, we describe the implementation of a reciprocal peer teaching protocol in a human gross anatomy laboratory curriculum. We compared the outcomes of the RPT class with those of previous…

  5. Family unity objectives of parents who teach their children: Ideological and pedagogical orientations to home schooling

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maralee Mayberry; J. Gary Knowles

    1989-01-01

    This article examines parents who teach their children at home. Using the results from two qualitative studies the article suggests, while families have complex motives for teaching their children at home, an important commonality underlies their decision. Regardless of their orientation to home schooling the parents in these two studies felt that establishing a home school would allow them to

  6. Utilizing BlueJ to Teach Polymorphism in an Advanced Object-Oriented Programming Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alkazemi, Basem Y.; Grami, Grami M.

    2012-01-01

    Teaching Polymorphism can be best implemented by using a combination of bottom-up and top-down approaches. However, from our observation and students' self-reporting, the former seems to be the predominant in the Saudi context. We try to investigate whether applying a more balanced approach in teaching the comprehensive concept of Polymorphism…

  7. The Discrimination of Object Names and Object Sounds in Children with Autism: A Procedure for Teaching Verbal Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eikeseth, Svein; Hayward, Diane W.

    2009-01-01

    We assessed whether 2 preschoolers with autism learned to discriminate between the sounds of musical instruments more rapidly than the spoken names of the instruments. After the children learned the sound-object relations more rapidly than the name-object relations, we then evaluated a prompt-delay procedure for transferring stimulus control from…

  8. Teaching Comprehension Processes Using Magazines, Paperback Novels, and Content Area Textbooks.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nist, Sherrie L.; And Others

    1983-01-01

    Argues that teaching students the process of comprehension and ways to improve their own comprehension helps to develop skills in reluctant or poor readers. Offers teaching ideas that involve a variety of reading materials. (FL)

  9. Incorporating Content, Pedagogy, and Research in a Preservice Geology Teaching Degree Program at Montana State University

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schmitt, J.; Mogk, D.; Swanson, E.; Woolbaugh, W.

    2001-05-01

    With funding from the American Geophysical Union's Linkages Program, faculty from the Departments of Earth Sciences and Education at Montana State University (MSU), and a local master teacher, have endeavored to develop a training program in Geology for future geoscience teachers in Montana. Presently, biology and geoscience are the most common taught secondary science subjects in Montana public schools and yet MSU lacks a pre-service teacher training program in geology. The goal of this degree program is to produce future geoscience teachers capable of applying in-depth understanding of Earth Systems Science, expertise in scientific research design and implementation, and a strong pedagogical foundation to their teaching. Graduates will receive a degree in Earth Sciences and be certified to teach General Science, Physical Science, and Geoscience in Montana schools. The degree program will include geology curricular components that achieve content goals and meet University graduation and State certification requirements, and pedagogical components aimed at instilling excellence in teaching. Majors will develop expertise in Earth System Science, including an understanding of the connections of the geosciences to societal issues and student's everyday lives, as well as an understanding of scientific inquiry through first-hand experience in research design and implementation. Advisors will target students early in their undergraduate career for participation in this 5-year program. Curricula will include 39 credits of Education coursework necessary for certification by the State, 36 credits of geology coursework, 51 credits of allied science and math courses, and 14 credits of University core. Development of this program coincides with a major institution-funded reassessment of the entire undergraduate Earth Sciences curriculum that will result in introduction of skills training and utilization of alternative instructional methods at appropriate curricular levels. Affecting change in the manner by which all Earth Sciences majors are taught, this reassessment will also include reformulation of the curriculum to include an Earth System Science framework. Roadblocks encountered during program development include budgetary limitations, faculty time, credit restraints, and negative attitudes toward new programs in an environment of fiscal restraint.

  10. WWC Quick Review of the Article "Teaching Science as a Language: A 'Content-First' Approach to Science Teaching"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2008

    2008-01-01

    This study examined whether whether teaching scientific concepts using everyday language before introducing scientific terminology improves the understanding of these concepts. The research described in this article is consistent with What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) evidence standards. Strengths: The study is a well implemented randomized…

  11. Advancing the Perceptions of the Nature of Science (NOS): Integrating Teaching the NOS in a Science Content Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aflalo, Ester

    2014-01-01

    Background: Understanding the nature of science (NOS) has been a key objective in teaching sciences for many years. Despite the importance of this goal it is, until this day, a complex challenge that we are far from achieving. Purpose: The study was conducted in order to further the understanding of the NOS amongst preservice teachers. It explores…

  12. Effect of the science teaching advancement through modeling physical science professional development workshop on teachers' attitudes, beliefs and content knowledge and students' content knowledge

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dietz, Laura

    The Science Teaching Advancement through Modeling Physical Science (STAMPS) professional development workshop was evaluated for effectiveness in improving teachers' and students' content knowledge. Previous research has shown modeling to be an effective method of instruction for improving student and teacher content knowledge, evidenced by assessment scores. Data includes teacher scores on the Force Concept Inventory (FCI; Hestenes, Wells, & Swackhamer, 1992) and the Chemistry Concept Inventory (CCI; Jenkins, Birk, Bauer, Krause, & Pavelich, 2004), as well as student scores on a physics and chemistry assessment. Quantitative data is supported by teacher responses to a post workshop survey and classroom observations. Evaluation of the data shows that the STAMPS professional development workshop was successful in improving both student and teacher content knowledge. Conclusions and suggestions for future study are also included.

  13. Classroom application of Earth System Science education professional development: Coupling content education with pedagogy and planning for teaching

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Froburg, E.; Finkel, L.; Varner, R. K.; Graham, K.; Bryce, J. G.; Hale, S.; Johnson, J. E.; von Damm, K.

    2009-12-01

    The University of New Hampshire’s Transforming Earth System Science Education (UNH TESSE) project is designed to enrich the Earth System Science (ESS) content knowledge and inquiry-based pedagogical skills of in-service and pre-service teachers who either currently teach or plan to teach Earth science curricula. This goal is promoted through authentic research experiences coupled with assignments that ask teachers to apply their new understanding of pedagogy and content in the classroom. Teachers participate in an intensive 2-week summer institute followed by an academic-year program during which masters and doctoral students in the sciences join them in their classrooms to assist in the development and implementation of inquiry-based experiences for their students. In order to ensure that participants will be able to apply their learning in a range of real classroom contexts, TESSE emphasizes 1) exploring ESS content in conjunction with a discussion or activity related to its classroom application; and 2) year-long classroom support for participants. During the TESSE summer institute, Earth System Science for Teachers (ESST-1), teachers experience a combination of faculty led ESS content instruction, authentic field research experiences and pedagogical analysis. Content activities are all viewed through the lens of K-12 classroom application, particularly the specific demands of participants’ curricula. The culminating project is a flexible curriculum design assignment that is intended to be implemented in the upcoming academic year. Both the design and implementation of this piece of curriculum are done in collaboration with one of the TESSE graduate fellows—graduate students in an ESS research field, who receive a year-long fellowship to participate in ESST-1 and act as science liaisons in participants’ classes. Through expanded content knowledge, a focus on teaching practice, and a support system for initial implementation, teachers who have participated in ESST-1 are using ESS and inquiry-based pedagogical strategies in their classrooms.

  14. Using concept maps to explore preservice teachers' perceptions of science content knowledge, teaching practices, and reflective processes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Somers, Judy L.

    This qualitative study examined seven preservice teachers' perceptions of their science content knowledge, teaching practices, and reflective processes through the use of the metacognitive strategy of concept maps. Included in the paper is a review of literature in the areas of preservice teachers' perceptions of teaching, concept development, concept mapping, science content understanding, and reflective process as a part of metacognition. The key questions addressed include the use of concept maps to indicate organization and understanding of science content, mapping strategies to indicate perceptions of teaching practice, and the influence of concept maps on reflective process. There is also a comparison of preservice teachers' perceptions of concept map usage with the purposes and practices of maps as described by experienced teachers. Data were collected primarily through interviews, observations, a pre and post concept mapping activity, and an analysis of those concept maps using a rubric developed for this study. Findings showed that concept map usage clarified students' understanding of the organization and relationships within content area and that the process of creating the concept maps increased participants' understanding of the selected content. The participants felt that the visual element of concept mapping was an important factor in improving content understanding. These participants saw benefit in using concept maps as planning tools and as instructional tools. They did not recognize the use of concept maps as assessment tools. When the participants were able to find personal relevance in and through their concept maps they were better able to be reflective about the process. The experienced teachers discussed student understanding and skill development as the primary purpose of concept map usage, while they were able to use concept maps to accomplish multiple purposes in practice.

  15. [Influence of objective introduction of preventive dentistry possibilities on kindergarten teaching procedures].

    PubMed

    von Nordheim, U; Raetzke, P

    1991-09-01

    Prevention of caries and periodontal disease should start early in life, as everyone agrees. Nursery-school teachers can play an important part in passing on knowledge and methods of prevention. Our study confirms the positive effect of activities aimed at "teaching the teachers". PMID:1819319

  16. Submission of content to a digital object repository using a configurable workflow system

    E-print Network

    Hense, Andreas

    2007-01-01

    The prototype of a workflow system for the submission of content to a digital object repository is here presented. It is based entirely on open-source standard components and features a service-oriented architecture. The front-end consists of Java Business Process Management (jBPM), Java Server Faces (JSF), and Java Server Pages (JSP). A Fedora Repository and a mySQL data base management system serve as a back-end. The communication between front-end and back-end uses a SOAP minimal binding stub. We describe the design principles and the construction of the prototype and discuss the possibilities and limitations of work ow creation by administrators. The code of the prototype is open-source and can be retrieved in the project escipub at http://sourceforge.net

  17. Method and apparatus for determining the content and distribution of a thermal neutron absorbing material in an object

    DOEpatents

    Crane, Thomas W. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1986-01-01

    The disclosure is directed to an apparatus and method for determining the content and distribution of a thermal neutron absorbing material within an object. Neutrons having an energy higher than thermal neutrons are generated and thermalized. The thermal neutrons are detected and counted. The object is placed between the neutron generator and the neutron detector. The reduction in the neutron flux corresponds to the amount of thermal neutron absorbing material in the object. The object is advanced past the neutron generator and neutron detector to obtain neutron flux data for each segment of the object. The object may comprise a space reactor heat pipe and the thermal neutron absorbing material may comprise lithium.

  18. Method and apparatus for determining the content and distribution of a thermal neutron absorbing material in an object

    DOEpatents

    Crane, T.W.

    1983-12-21

    The disclosure is directed to an apparatus and method for determining the content and distribution of a thermal neutron absorbing material within an object. Neutrons having an energy higher than thermal neutrons are generated and thermalized. The thermal neutrons are detected and counted. The object is placed between the neutron generator and the neutron detector. The reduction in the neutron flux corresponds to the amount of thermal neutron absorbing material in the object. The object is advanced past the neutron generator and neutron detector to obtain neutron flux data for each segment of the object. The object may comprise a space reactor heat pipe and the thermal neutron absorbing material may comprise lithium.

  19. Teaching Games for Understanding: The Importance of Student Emphasis over Content Emphasis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hopper, Tim

    2002-01-01

    Addresses misinterpretations of the teaching games for understanding (TGFU) approach in physical education, providing an explanation developed by working with undergraduate students who wanted to understand what TGFU had to offer. The article explains how the TGFU approach is a tactic-to-skill method to games teaching that synthesizes a tactical…

  20. A Didactic Analysis of Student Content Learning during the Reciprocal Style of Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hennings, John; Wallhead, Tristan; Byra, Mark

    2010-01-01

    Peer-assisted learning (PAL) strategies, such as the reciprocal style of teaching, have been shown to be effective in developing motor skills. Despite this research, little is currently understood of how PAL strategies influence the teaching-learning process. The purpose of this study was to use a didactic methodology (Amade-Escot, 2005) to…

  1. A mathematics content course and teaching efficacy beliefs of undergraduate majors in education.

    PubMed

    Alkhateeb, Haitham M; Abed, Adnan S

    2003-10-01

    This study was designed to assess the mathematics teaching efficacy beliefs of undergraduates in elementary education through a manipulative-based course in mathematics. Responses of 106 university undergraduates to the 21-item Mathematics Teaching Efficacy Beliefs administered as pre- and posttest without a control group showed a significant immediate postcourse change in their efficacy beliefs using dependent t test. PMID:14650675

  2. Elementary Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge for Teaching the Nature of Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanuscin, Deborah L.; Lee, Michele H.; Akerson, Valarie L.

    2011-01-01

    Although teacher educators have achieved some success in improving teachers' understanding of the nature of science (NOS), helping teachers teach NOS has proved a much greater challenge. Currently, there are few examples in the literature of teachers who effectively teach NOS, and fewer still that rely on student outcomes as a measure of teachers'…

  3. The Development of Intentions for Adapted Teaching and Inclusive Education Seen in Light of Curriculum Potential. A Content Analysis of Norwegian National Curricula Post 1980

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bjornsrud, Halvor; Nilsen, Sven

    2011-01-01

    This article analyses and discusses the development of the principles of adapted teaching and inclusive education in the three most recent Norwegian national curricula, seen in light of curriculum potential as an overarching perspective. This potential highlights teachers' opportunities for choosing and adapting their teaching content. The area of…

  4. An Evaluation of Pronunciation Teaching Content of "English for Palestine 10" and Related Teachers' Competency Level in Light of Current Instructional Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Najjar, Rana Abdel-Rahman

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate pronunciation teaching with regard to an EFL multi-skills textbook ("English for Palestine 10"). The evaluation was intended to identify the extent to which pronunciation teaching content incorporated in" English for Palestine 10," in addition to the related teachers' competency level match current…

  5. A Case Study of Beginning Science Teachers' Subject Matter (SMK) and Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK) of Teaching Chemical Reaction in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Usak, Muhammet; Ozden, Mustafa; Eilks, Ingo

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes a case study focusing on the subject matter knowledge, pedagogical content knowledge, and beliefs about science teaching of student teachers in Turkey at the start of their university education. The topic of interest was that of teaching chemical reactions in secondary chemistry education. A written test was developed which…

  6. Every teacher an English teacher? Literacy strategy teaching and research in the content area of science education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Buckingham, Thomas

    Recent statements from teachers of English and literacy (NCTE, 2007) have voiced the failure of schools to help minority students and ELLs close the literacy achievement gap and the responsibility of all teachers to help with this endeavor. Central to this effort in secondary schools are the content area teachers, as their subjects constitute the bulk of school day instruction. While there have been small studies and field reports of what content teachers are or are not teaching in the way of literacy instruction (Fisher and Ivey, 2005; Verplaste, 1996, 1998; Vacca and Vacca 1989), researchers have not had success measuring the literacy practices of content area teachers in a broad-based study. This study focuses specifically on what many researchers in both the content literacy and ESL fields have emphasized for promoting literacy in the classroom---teaching metacognitive strategies. Twelve metacognitive functions derived from a literacy strategies handbook are employed as a means to ascertain strategy usage within the lessons whether specifically known content strategies are named or not. The initial analysis is performed on over 100 lesson plans hosted at four prominent university science education sites, all within a five year period (2003-7). In addition to the lesson plan analysis, a review of 100 articles taken from five on-line science education journals reveal what the science education field addresses this issue. Findings suggest that while 80% of science teachers include some type of strategic teaching and learning in their lessons, only about 20% of science teachers explicitly utilize strategies as listed in content literacy manuals and promoted by literacy and ESL experts. Rather, most science teachers implicitly include these strategies within their lessons and/or promote their own subject-specific strategies in content teaching. Analysis of science education research and publications shows that there is a focus on literacy and specifically strategic learning; however, the evidence does not suggest that science teachers necessarily follow these suggested offerings---even when it comes to their own national organization's offerings in this area.

  7. Spontaneous representations of small numbers of objects by rhesus macaques: examinations of content and format.

    PubMed

    Hauser, Marc D; Carey, Susan

    2003-12-01

    The project of comparative cognition benefits from common measures across species. We report here on five experiments using the violation of expectancy looking time measure with free-ranging rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta), each designed to build on current knowledge concerning spontaneous representations of number. Each subject, tested in only one experimental condition, watched as eggplants were placed behind a screen one at a time, after which the screen was removed revealing an outcome that either matched or did not match the number placed there. Subjects looked longer at impossible than possible outcomes in 1+1=2 or 3, 1 small+1 small=1 big or 2 small, 2+1=2 or 3, and 2+1=3 or 4 conditions. They failed in 2+1+1=4 or 3 or 5 and in 1+1+1=2 or 3 conditions. This pattern of results closely matches that observed across several previous studies of human infants. The data allow us to test among four different proposals concerning the format and content of the mental representations underlying looking in these experiments. Object file representations are favored over: (i) low-level perceptual representations, (ii) representations of continuous variables such as volume or surface area, and (iii) analog magnitude representations of number. We conclude by considering exactly how the object tracking system revealed in these and other related experiments does and does not represent number, and how it might be one evolutionary precursor of the human specific system of number representations. PMID:14642289

  8. Handheld access to radiology teaching files: an automated system for format conversion and content creation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Raman, Raghav; Raman, Lalithakala; Raman, Bhargav; Gold, Garry; Beaulieu, Christopher F.

    2002-05-01

    Current handheld Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) can be used to view radiology teaching files. We have developed a toolkit that allows rapid creation of radiology teaching files in handheld formats from existing repositories. Our toolkit incorporated a desktop converter, a web conversion server and an application programming interface (API). Our API was integrated with an existing pilot teaching file database. We evaluated our system by obtaining test DICOM and JPEG images from our PACS system, our pilot database and from personal collections and converting them on a Windows workstation (Microsoft, Redmond, CA) and on other platforms using the web server. Our toolkit anonymized, annotated and categorized images using DICOM header information and data entered by the authors. Image processing was automatically customized for the target handheld device. We used freeware handheld image viewers as well as our custom applications that allowed window/level manipulation and viewing of additional textual information. Our toolkit provides desktop and web access to image conversion tools to produce organized handheld teaching file packages for most handheld devices and our API allows existing teaching file databases to incorporate handheld compatibility. The distribution of radiology teaching files on PDAs can increase the accessibility to radiology teaching.

  9. Rutherford's Enlarged: A Content-Embedded Activity To Teach about Nature of Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abd-El-Khalick, Fouad

    2002-01-01

    Describes an activity that can be used to help middle and secondary school students develop more informed understandings of some important aspects of the nature of science in the context of teaching Rutherford's experiments and atomic structure. (Author/MM)

  10. Rutherford's enlarged: A content-embedded activity to teach about nature of science

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Fouad Abd-El-Khalick

    This activity can be used to help middle and secondary school students develop more informed understandings of some important aspects of nature of science in the context of teaching them about Rutherford's experiments and atomic structure.

  11. Iterative Cycle for Teaching Object Oriented Concepts: From Abstract Thinking to Specific Language Implementation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Irit Hadar; Ethan Hadar

    Abstract thinking is a vital skill when learning computer science related issues. Object Technology and the concepts it's based upon make this skill even more crucial. However, previous research works show that both students in top universities, as well as experienced practitioners in industry, encounter difficulties in thinking in abstract terms while practicing object oriented development. This vision paper suggests

  12. Teaching and Assessing Ethics as a Learning Objective: One School's Journey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Templin, Carl R.; Christensen, David

    2009-01-01

    This paper reports the results of a ten-year effort to establish ethics as a learning objective for all business students, to assess the effectiveness in achieving that learning objective and to incorporate ethical conduct as a part of the school's organizational culture. First, it addresses the importance of ethics instruction for all…

  13. Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge and Teaching Poetry: Preparing Preservice Teachers to Integrate Content with VoiceThread Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, David Lee; Archambault, Leanna

    2013-01-01

    Although there is a vast research base on the literacy practices of adolescents and the issues surrounding the integration of technology despite current widespread access to tools and the Internet (Cuban, 2003), very little has been completed on the attempts of teacher educators to integrate technology within a specific content area to prepare…

  14. "I'm Not the Science Type": Effect of an Inquiry Biology Content Course on Preservice Elementary Teachers' Intentions about Teaching Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weld, Jeffrey; Funk, Lucas

    2005-01-01

    Inquiry Into Life Science is a content biology course expressly for the fulfillment of the General Education life science laboratory course requirement of elementary education majors at this university. The course is modeled on the Teaching Standards and Content Standards of the National Science Education Standards [National Research Council.…

  15. The Effect of Inquiry-Based Instruction on Elementary Teaching Majors' Chemistry Content Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanger, Michael J.

    2007-01-01

    Study is conducted to find whether the students learning chemistry using different instructional methodologies develop comparable chemistry content knowledge. Results found the comparable chemistry content knowledge among the samples.

  16. Objectively assessed physical activity is associated with increased hair cortisol content in young adults.

    PubMed

    Gerber, Markus; Jonsdottir, Ingibjörg H; Kalak, Nadeem; Elliot, Catherine; Pühse, Uwe; Holsboer-Trachsler, Edith; Brand, Serge

    2013-11-01

    Assessing long-term cortisol secretion presents difficulties when cortisol measurement is carried out by saliva, plasma and urine analyses. Hair cortisol has gained increased interest as an alternative biological marker. So far, one study has been published studying hair cortisol in endurance athletes, showing higher levels compared to controls. Using accelerometer data in the present study, we cross-sectionally explored the relationship between moderate physical activity (MPA) and vigorous physical activity (VPA) levels and hair cortisol concentrations after taking into account age, gender, and perceived stress. Hair specimens were collected from 46 university students (20 males, 26 females, Mage?±?SD?=21.2?±?1.87 years). Participants provided information about their socio-demographic background and levels of perceived stress. Accelerometer data were collected to assess physical activity. Cortisol concentrations were measured in the first 3-cm hair segment nearest to the scalp. MPA was not correlated with hair cortisol content (r?=?-0.08). A significant correlation was found between VPA and hair cortisol (r?=?0.34, p?objectively assessed VPA is associated with increased hair cortisol levels in young adults. As VPA can be regarded as a physical stressor, it seems imperative that researchers consider participants' levels of VPA if they examine the relationship between stress exposure, hair cortisol and health. PMID:23855828

  17. Undergraduate Child Psychiatry Teaching in Melbourne, Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gough, Jenny K.; McCallum, Zoe; Bevan, Catherine; Vance, Alasdair

    2010-01-01

    Objective: The teaching of child psychiatry in Australian medical schools is under review: the content, the placement of the field within medical curricula, and the appropriate teaching and learning methods are all contested. The authors developed a 1-day program in the 9-week child and adolescent health course conducted in the final two semesters…

  18. Perceptual salience affects the contents of working memory during free-recollection of objects from natural scenes

    PubMed Central

    Pedale, Tiziana; Santangelo, Valerio

    2015-01-01

    One of the most important issues in the study of cognition is to understand which are the factors determining internal representation of the external world. Previous literature has started to highlight the impact of low-level sensory features (indexed by saliency-maps) in driving attention selection, hence increasing the probability for objects presented in complex and natural scenes to be successfully encoded into working memory (WM) and then correctly remembered. Here we asked whether the probability of retrieving high-saliency objects modulates the overall contents of WM, by decreasing the probability of retrieving other, lower-saliency objects. We presented pictures of natural scenes for 4 s. After a retention period of 8 s, we asked participants to verbally report as many objects/details as possible of the previous scenes. We then computed how many times the objects located at either the peak of maximal or minimal saliency in the scene (as indexed by a saliency-map; Itti et al., 1998) were recollected by participants. Results showed that maximal-saliency objects were recollected more often and earlier in the stream of successfully reported items than minimal-saliency objects. This indicates that bottom-up sensory salience increases the recollection probability and facilitates the access to memory representation at retrieval, respectively. Moreover, recollection of the maximal- (but not the minimal-) saliency objects predicted the overall amount of successfully recollected objects: The higher the probability of having successfully reported the most-salient object in the scene, the lower the amount of recollected objects. These findings highlight that bottom-up sensory saliency modulates the current contents of WM during recollection of objects from natural scenes, most likely by reducing available resources to encode and then retrieve other (lower saliency) objects. PMID:25741266

  19. Teaching to Teach in Toronto

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dang, Kien; Waddell, Andrea E.; Lofchy, Jodi

    2010-01-01

    Objective: The training objectives for postgraduate education in the United States and Canada both state that teaching skills should be formally developed during training. This article reviews the development of the Teaching-to-Teach program at the University of Toronto Department of Psychiatry, the current curriculum, evaluation, and future…

  20. Using the Socioscientific Context of Climate Change to Teach Chemical Content and the Nature of Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flener-Lovitt, Charity

    2014-01-01

    A thematic course called "Climate Change: Chemistry and Controversy" was developed for upper-level non-STEM students. This course used the socioscientific context of climate change to teach chemical principles and the nature of science. Students used principles of agnotology (direct study of misinformation) to debunk climate change…

  1. LEARNING TO TEACH: CONSTRUCTING MEANINGFUL UNDERSTANDING OF MATHEMATICAL CONTEN T UNDERSTANDING OF MATHEMATICAL CONTENT

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Glenda Lappan; Ruhama Even

    To teach the arithmetic-driven curriculum of the past, one needed little more than computational skill with the standard algorithms and a text to provide practice. That is no longer the case. To prepare a teacher dedicated to helping children think mathematically requires a very different experience with mathematics than the traditional college course for elementary teachers. With this in mind,

  2. An Explorative Learning Approach to Teaching Clinical Anatomy Using Student Generated Content

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dr. Christo T Philip (Mayo Clinic College of Medicine)

    2008-05-01

    This article describes a novel approach to teaching gross anatomy to medical students. The article explains an explorative learning approach that builds students analytical, reasoning and communication (written and oral). The methods used require students to develop a patient case based on clinical outcomes.

  3. Teaching Aging Content to University-Level Non-Gerontology Majors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beland, Robert

    2004-01-01

    The older adult population in America will significantly increase in the future. Older adults have important needs for recreation and leisure services (Beland, 2002). The author taught a class titled "Leisure Services for Older Adults" for over 24 years at the University of Florida. He has taught gerontology and recreation by teaching about life…

  4. Teaching Young Adult Literature: "Change" as an Interdisciplinary Theme: YA Literature in the Content Areas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bull, Kelly Byrne; Dulaney, Margaret; North-Coleman, Cheryl; Kaplan, Jeffrey; Stover, Lois

    2013-01-01

    "Teaching Young Adult Literature" describes innovative methods for engaging students in reading, writing, and discussing contemporary and classic literary texts written for adolescents. Centered around the concept of change, the authors present YA novels that span across various disciplines. Each book presented will help students…

  5. A Didactic Analysis of Content Development during the Peer Teaching Tasks of a Sport Education Season

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallhead, Tristan; O'Sullivan, Mary

    2007-01-01

    Background: Research on Sport Education (SE) has shown the curriculum model to be effective in motivating students to undertake specific role responsibilities and engage in the student-led tasks of the curriculum. Despite this level of engagement, emerging evidence suggests that student leadership within the peer teaching tasks of the curriculum…

  6. An Explorative Learning Approach to Teaching Clinical Anatomy Using Student Generated Content

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Philip, Christo T.; Unruh, Kenneth P.; Lachman, Nirusha; Pawlina, Wojciech

    2008-01-01

    Translating basic sciences into a clinical framework has been approached through the implementation of various teaching techniques aimed at using a patient case scenario to facilitate learning. These techniques present students with a specific patient case and lead the students to discuss physiological processes through analysis of provided data…

  7. Assessing Technologies for Teaching and Learning: Understanding the Importance of Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferdig, Richard E.

    2006-01-01

    Past and present research has provided evidence to support the claim that technologies for teaching and learning must be pedagogically sound. However, educational technologies are also part of a complex process involving the people in the implementation of the innovation. In this paper, I review existing research and explain what both of those…

  8. Proposing a Knowledge Base for Teaching Academic Content to English Language Learners: Disciplinary Linguistic Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turkan, Sultan; De Oliveira, Luciana C.; Lee, Okhee; Phelps, Geoffrey

    2014-01-01

    Background/Context: The current research on teacher knowledge and teacher accountability falls short on information about what teacher knowledge base could guide preparation and accountability of the mainstream teachers for meeting the academic needs of ELLs. Most recently, research on specialized knowledge for teaching has offered ways to…

  9. Do I Really Have to Teach Reading? Content Comprehension, Grades 6?12

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tovani, Cris

    2004-01-01

    "Do I really have to teach reading?" This is the question many teachers of adolescents are asking, wondering how they can possibly add a new element to an already overloaded curriculum. And most are finding that the answer is "yes." If they want their students to learn complex new concepts in different disciplines, they often have to help their…

  10. Content-Based Indexing and Teaching Focus Mining for Lecture Videos

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Yu-Tzu; Yen, Bai-Jang; Chang, Chia-Hu; Lee, Greg C.; Lin, Yu-Chih

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to propose an indexing and teaching focus mining system for lecture videos recorded in an unconstrained environment. Design/methodology/approach: By applying the proposed algorithms in this paper, the slide structure can be reconstructed by extracting slide images from the video. Instead of applying…

  11. Inquiry Based Teaching in Turkey: A Content Analysis of Research Reports

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kizilaslan, Aydin; Sozbilir, Mustafa; Yasar, M. Diyaddin

    2012-01-01

    Inquiry-based learning [IBL] enhances students' critical thinking abilities and help students to act as a scientist through using scientific method while learning. Specifically, inquiry as a teaching approach has been defined in many ways, the most important one is referred to nature of constructing knowledge while the individuals possess a…

  12. A Content Analysis of Teaching Philosophy Statements of Award Winning Colleges of Agriculture Professors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sankey, Laura L.; Foster, Daniel D.

    2012-01-01

    As our economy calls for improved employment skills, educational institutions must provide quality teaching to prepare students for success. Researchers purport that an important factor in determining student learning is the teacher, and that one of the most prominent factors in student achievement is teacher quality. The search for the…

  13. Promoting success in content area classes: Is value added through co-teaching?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McDuffie, Kimberly A.

    In the last several years, federal legislation has shifted the focus from where students with disabilities are educated to how well they are educated, raising a new issue of academic achievement. However, students with disabilities continue to receive lower standardized test scores and overall grades in science. To meet this challenge, classwide peer tutoring is reported as an effective intervention for teaching students with and without disabilities. Furthermore, numerous models of collaboration in inclusive classrooms have been created to meet the needs of all students, and one of the most common models is co-teaching. Therefore, this study was intended to examine the effects of co-teaching on the academic achievement of 203 seventh grade science students with and without disabilities, through the use of supplementary science activities implemented through classwide peer tutoring. Supplementary science activities included key concepts for five science units. This was examined using a two condition (supplementary science activities with classwide peer tutoring vs. traditional instruction) by two settings (co-teaching vs. non co-teaching) by two types of students (with and without disabilities) repeated measure ANCOVA, with pre-tests as covariates and academic achievement tests as repeated measures, design. Observational data examining teacher-student interactions and instructional methods were also collected. Results indicated that students in co-taught classes statistically outperformed students in non co-taught classes on all academic measures. Students who used supplementary science activities implemented through classwide peer tutoring statistically outperformed students in traditional instruction on academic unit tests but not on cumulative posttests: There were no statistically significant interactions between co-teaching and supplementary science activities implemented through classwide peer tutoring. Observational data revealed that students in non co-taught classes had statistically more teacher-student interactions than students in co-taught classes. However, students with disabilities had statistically more teacher initiated interactions, regardless of setting. Overall, teachers' and students' perceptions of co-teaching and classwide peer tutoring were positive. Students in co-taught classes had more positive perceptions about science than students in non co-taught classes. Findings are discussed with respect to future research and practice.

  14. Reading in the social studies and natural science content area: A phenomenological study of the beliefs, attitudes, and strategies sixth and seventh grade content area teachers use to teach below grade level readers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clark, Lisa A.

    The purposes of this study were to identify the attitudes and beliefs content teachers have concerning teaching reading in the content area to below level readers and to identify specific instructional strategies that are used to teach students who are below grade level the content area material. Twelve participants were selected, using maximum variation sampling, based on the grade level and content area they taught. Data was collected from middle school content area teachers using interviews, surveys, observations, and document examination in an attempt to identify attitudes, beliefs, and specific challenges content teachers face instructing below grade level readers. The data was collected, coded and analyzed for specific commonalities. The constructivist's theory served as the framework for the study with emphasis on experiential learning. The experiences that the participants had as early learners, older students, and adult teachers mold their level of efficacy, the way they teach, and the way the view teaching and learning. Based on the data collected and analyzed, common attitudes and beliefs were present among the participants. Common instructional strategies used with below level learners were also identified. The challenges content area teachers face were also recognized. Recommendations were made to school districts, teacher prep programs administrators and to others for further research.

  15. Using Behavioral Objectives in Teaching Elementary Social Studies Methods, Fact or Fantasy?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skeel, Dorothy J.

    This study was an attempt to determine whether or not it would be feasible and beneficial to develop behavioral objectives for use in methods classes. The subjects were 49 elementary education majors who voluntarily enrolled in the TTT Project at Indiana University. TTT is a government-funded project established for the training of teacher…

  16. Teaching with Objects and Photographs: A Guide for Teachers. Second Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hatcher, Sarah

    2012-01-01

    This guide is intended for all teachers who wish to enhance their curriculum by incorporating objects and photographs into their lesson plans. Kindergarten and elementary, middle, and high school classrooms can all benefit from expanded use of these materials. The guide can be used across a range of subject areas including history, community,…

  17. Bridging the Cognitive-Affective Gaps: Teaching Chemistry while Advancing Affective Objectives. The Singapore Curricular Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tan, Kok Siang; Goh, Ngoh Khang; Chia, Lian Sai

    2006-01-01

    Chemistry teachers face constraints when trying to integrate cognitive and affective objectives, and hence thoughtful lesson planning is required to achieve the goal. Chemistry teachers can educate students to be knowledgeable about chemical concepts, processes and the benefits of responsible practice by the chemical industry, while being aware,…

  18. Teaching IEP Goals and Objectives in the Context of Classroom Routines and Activities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grisham-Brown, Jennifer; Pretti-Frontczak, Kristie; Hemmeter, Mary Louise; Ridgley, Robyn

    2002-01-01

    This article describes specific steps educational teams can follow to embed individualized education program (IEP) goals and objectives into daily activities and routines and, therefore, enhance the likelihood that intervention efforts are effective, individualized, and developmentally appropriate for young children with disabilities. Strategies…

  19. Using Form and Function Analogy Object Boxes to Teach Human Body Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rule, Audrey C.; Furletti, Charles

    2004-01-01

    This study compares the use of form and function analogy object boxes to more traditional lecture and worksheet instruction during a 10th-grade unit on human body systems. The study was conducted with two classes (N = 32) of mixed ability students at a high-needs rural high school in central New York State. The study used a pretest/posttest…

  20. Don't Leave Teaching to Chance: Learning Objectives for Psychodynamic Psychotherapy Supervision

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rojas, Alicia; Arbuckle, Melissa; Cabaniss, Deborah

    2010-01-01

    Objective: The way in which the competencies for psychodynamic psychotherapy specified by the Psychiatry Residency Review Committee of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education translate into the day-to-day work of individual supervision remains unstudied and unspecified. The authors hypothesized that despite the existence of…

  1. TinyGL: A Graphical Framework For Teaching Object Oriented Design and Programming

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph Fall

    The first year computing science curriculum at Capilano College is split into two courses: the first course (Comp120) focuses solely on top-down design and procedural abstraction, using C++, but without classes. The second course (Comp125) serves to develop and sharpen the students' abstraction and design skills, and provide a thorough exposure to object-oriented design and programming, also in C++. Comp125

  2. Awareness, Attitudes and Participation of Teaching Staff towards the Open Content Movement in One University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reed, Peter

    2012-01-01

    This research investigates the current awareness of, and participation in, the open content movement at one UK institution for higher education. The open content movement and the open educational resources can be seen as potential methods for reducing time and cost of technology-enhanced learning developments; however, its sustainability and, to…

  3. The Effect of an Inquiry-Based Early Field Experience on Pre-Service Teachers' Content Knowledge and Attitudes Toward Teaching

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sadaghiani, Homeyra R.; Costley, Sarai N.

    2009-11-01

    As part of a pre-service science course for teachers at California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, we provided an early field inquiry-based teaching experience. A K-12 science specialist and Cal Poly Pomona faculty member worked together to help students develop a formal standards-based lesson plan and present it to a class of 5th grade students in a local elementary school. We will discuss the effect of the field experience on student content knowledge, confidence in teaching inquiry-based science lessons, as well as their attitudes towards teaching.

  4. Is Content Really King? An Objective Analysis of the Public's Response to Medical Videos on YouTube

    PubMed Central

    Desai, Tejas; Shariff, Afreen; Dhingra, Vibhu; Minhas, Deeba; Eure, Megan; Kats, Mark

    2013-01-01

    Medical educators and patients are turning to YouTube to teach and learn about medical conditions. These videos are from authors whose credibility cannot be verified & are not peer reviewed. As a result, studies that have analyzed the educational content of YouTube have reported dismal results. These studies have been unable to exclude videos created by questionable sources and for non-educational purposes. We hypothesize that medical education YouTube videos, authored by credible sources, are of high educational value and appropriately suited to educate the public. Credible videos about cardiovascular diseases were identified using the Mayo Clinic's Center for Social Media Health network. Content in each video was assessed by the presence/absence of 7 factors. Each video was also evaluated for understandability using the Suitability Assessment of Materials (SAM). User engagement measurements were obtained for each video. A total of 607 videos (35 hours) were analyzed. Half of all videos contained 3 educational factors: treatment, screening, or prevention. There was no difference between the number of educational factors present & any user engagement measurement (p NS). SAM scores were higher in videos whose content discussed more educational factors (p<0.0001). However, none of the user engagement measurements correlated with higher SAM scores. Videos with greater educational content are more suitable for patient education but unable to engage users more than lower quality videos. It is unclear if the notion “content is king” applies to medical videos authored by credible organizations for the purposes of patient education on YouTube. PMID:24367517

  5. Server-Side JavaScript Debugging: Viewing the Contents of an Object

    SciTech Connect

    Hampton, J.; Simons, R.

    1999-04-21

    JavaScript allows the definition and use of large, complex objects. Unlike some other object-oriented languages, it also allows run-time modifications not only of the values of object components, but also of the very structure of the object itself. This feature is powerful and sometimes very convenient, but it can be difficult to keep track of the object's structure and values throughout program execution. What's needed is a simple way to view the current state of an object at any point during execution. There is a debug function that is included in the Netscape server-side JavaScript environment. The function outputs the value(s) of the expression given as the argument to the function in the JavaScript Application Manager's debug window [SSJS].

  6. A Framework for the Flexible Content Packaging of Learning Objects and Learning Designs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lukasiak, Jason; Agostinho, Shirley; Burnett, Ian; Drury, Gerrard; Goodes, Jason; Bennett, Sue; Lockyer, Lori; Harper, Barry

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents a platform-independent method for packaging learning objects and learning designs. The method, entitled a Smart Learning Design Framework, is based on the MPEG-21 standard, and uses IEEE Learning Object Metadata (LOM) to provide bibliographic, technical, and pedagogical descriptors for the retrieval and description of learning…

  7. The Challenges of Planning Language Objectives in Content-Based ESL Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baecher, Laura; Farnsworth, Tim; Ediger, Anne

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to investigate the major patterns in content-based instruction (CBI) lesson plans among practicum teachers at the final stage of an MA TESOL program. One hundred and seven lesson plans were coded according to a typology developed to evaluate clarity and identify areas of potential difficulty in the design of…

  8. Learning object specification and description of pedagogical resources in respect to material structure and content

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    educational resources that can be employed in technology- supported learning. With appropriate metadataLearning object specification and description of pedagogical resources in respect to material of learning resources. Website becomes one of important communication lines between teacher and student

  9. Content-Based Search on a Database of Geometric Models: Identifying Objects of Similar Shape

    SciTech Connect

    XAVIER, PATRICK G.; HENRY, TYSON R.; LAFARGE, ROBERT A.; MEIRANS, LILITA; RAY, LAWRENCE P.

    2001-11-01

    The Geometric Search Engine is a software system for storing and searching a database of geometric models. The database maybe searched for modeled objects similar in shape to a target model supplied by the user. The database models are generally from CAD models while the target model may be either a CAD model or a model generated from range data collected from a physical object. This document describes key generation, database layout, and search of the database.

  10. A Study of three Interfaces allowing Non-expert Users to Teach New Visual Objects to a Robot and their Impact on Learning Efficiency

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    amount of interest but to allow these robots to interact naturally and intuitively with humans we need environment, to a robot. Several obstacles need to be crossed to achieve such an ability: · Attention drawingA Study of three Interfaces allowing Non-expert Users to Teach New Visual Objects to a Robot

  11. Teaching Spanish by Being Responsible for Specific Objectives. Stanislaus County Schools Project for the Development of County Wide Articulation in Foreign Language Instruction Through Common Measurement Procedures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Melvin I.

    An introduction to this teaching guide briefly explains the underlying theory of language, identifies behavioral objectives, and offers taxonomies of the four language skills. The major portion of the guide is composed of transcripts of Spanish listening comprehension tests. The tests are designed for use with audiolingual materials (ALM) and…

  12. A Comparative Investigation of the Previous and New Secondary History Curriculum: The Issues of the Definition of the Aims and Objectives and the Selection of Curriculum Content

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dinc, Erkan

    2011-01-01

    Discussions on history teaching in Turkey indicate that the previous versions of the history curriculum and the pedagogy of history in the country bear many problems and deficiencies. The problems of Turkish history curriculum mainly arise from the perspectives it takes and the selection of its content. Since 2003, there have been extensive…

  13. Multi-objective calibration of a river water quality model—Information content of calibration data

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Rode; Ursula Suhr; Gunter Wriedt

    2007-01-01

    Substantial uncertainties exist in the identification of river water quality models, which partially depend on the information content of the calibration data. To evaluate the dependencies between available calibration data and model predictions, investigations were conducted based on a 536km free-flowing reach of the German part of the River Elbe. Five extensive flow-time-related longitudinal surveys with 14 sampling locations were

  14. Content for Teaching Sustainable Energy Systems in Physics at Upper Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engstrom, Susanne; Gustafsson, Peter; Niedderer, Hans

    2011-01-01

    Understanding energy with a focus on sustainable development requires further knowledge beyond traditional conceptual understanding. This paper presents the result from one main investigation and two smaller follow-up studies. The main study (step 1) consists of an interpreting, iterative analysis of statements made by experts on contents for…

  15. Evaluating Evidence-Based Practice in Teaching Science Content to Students with Severe Developmental Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spooner, Fred; Knight, Vicki; Browder, Diane; Jimenez, Bree; DiBiase, Warren

    2011-01-01

    A comprehensive review of the literature was conducted for articles published between 1985 and May 2009 to (a) examine the degree to which science content was taught to students with severe developmental disabilities and (b) and evaluate instructional procedures in science as evidence-based practices. The review was organized by a conceptual model…

  16. Comparative Study of Teaching Content in Teacher Education Programmes in Canada, Denmark, Finland and Singapore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rasmussen, Jens; Bayer, Martin

    2014-01-01

    This article presents the results of a comparative study of the content in selected teacher education programmes for primary and lower secondary teachers in Canada, Denmark, Finland and Singapore. First and foremost, the study is a comparison between teacher education programmes in, on the one hand, Canada, Finland and Singapore, all of which…

  17. The Content and Form of Reader-Generated Questions: Implications for Teaching Questioning Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miciano, Remedios Z.

    2004-01-01

    Two classes in Developmental Reading were trained in question-formulation and were then required to ask any number and type of questions based on four texts. Three inter-raters coded the questions for their content and form. The results of the study showed the dominance of recognition or retrieval questions, suggesting the students' proficiency in…

  18. Preservice Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge of Using Particle Models in Teaching Chemistry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Jong, Onno; Van Driel, Jan H.; Verloop, Nico

    2005-01-01

    In this article, we describe the results of a study of the pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) of preservice chemistry teachers in the context of a postgraduate teacher education program. A group of preservice teachers (n = 12) took part in an experimental introductory course module about the use of particle models to help secondary school…

  19. When Teaching Makes a Difference: Developing Science Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge through Learning Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nilsson, Pernilla

    2014-01-01

    It is a common view that developing teachers' competence to restructure or reframe their knowledge and beliefs is inevitably a complex challenge. This paper reports on a research project with the aim to develop science teachers' pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) through their participation in a learning study. A learning study is a…

  20. An analysis of the relationship between teachers' acquisition of physics content knowledge and their level of science teaching efficacy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Virginia Frances Marion

    1998-01-01

    The goal of Project Inquiry, a two-year long multiphase study, was to transform the delivery of science instruction from a traditional, textbook driven delivery approach to a hands-on, minds-on, constructivist approach. Teachers from a midwestern urban school district were trained in constructivism while learning physics concepts and content through guided inquiry instruction in collaborative groups. The objectives aimed to increase

  1. User-Generated Content, YouTube and Participatory Culture on the Web: Music Learning and Teaching in Two Contrasting Online Communities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waldron, Janice

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, I draw on seminal literature from new media researchers to frame the broader implications that user-generated content (UGC), YouTube, and participatory culture have for music learning and teaching in online communities; to illustrate, I use examples from two contrasting online music communities, the Online Academy of Irish…

  2. Attitudes and Stages of Concern of Elementary Teachers toward Agriculture as a Context for Teaching across Grade Level Content Area Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bellah, Kimberly A.; Dyer, James E.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe elementary teachers' attitudes and perceptions toward agriculture and its use as a context for teaching across the grade level content area standards. Further, this study sought to probe more deeply the stages of concern possessed by kindergarten through eighth grade teachers with respect to their use of…

  3. The Place of Subject Matter Knowledge in Pedagogical Content Knowledge: A Case Study of South African Teachers Teaching the Amount of Substance and Chemical Equilibrium

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rollnick, Marissa; Bennett, Judith; Rhemtula, Mariam; Dharsey, Nadine; Ndlovu, Thandi

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents two South African case studies designed to explore the influence of subject matter knowledge on pedagogical content knowledge (PCK). In the first case study on teaching the mole in two township schools, the findings illustrate that the participant teachers favoured procedural approaches at the expense of conceptual…

  4. Critical Incidents in the Development of Pedagogical Content Knowledge for Teaching the Nature of Science: A Prospective Elementary Teacher's Journey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanuscin, Deborah L.

    2013-01-01

    While teacher educators have had some success in helping prospective teachers understand the nature of science (NOS), they have been less effective in helping prospective teachers teach NOS. Though several studies have alluded to impacts of various interventions on developing pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) for NOS, the nature, source, and…

  5. Investigating Prospective Primary Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge of "Effect of Human on Environment" Subject in the Process of Teaching Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calik, Muammer; Aytar, Ayse

    2013-01-01

    The principal aim of this study is to determine what the extent of the prospective primary teachers' (PPT) pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) is on "effect of human on environment" subject in grade 5 science and technology curriculum before and after "Teaching Practice" course. Within case study research methodology, the…

  6. Use of interactive teaching methods in tobacco cessation program and examine it by using objective structured clinical exam

    PubMed Central

    Fernandez, Kevin; Pandve, Harshal T.; Debnath, Dhrubajyoti J.

    2013-01-01

    Background: Tobacco addiction is an important public health issue. It is important for health professional to counsel the tobacco users for cessation. Aim: To enhance communication skills of MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) students in counseling of tobacco users by using interactive teaching methods and examine it by using OSCE. Materials and Methods: It was a before and after comparison study. Communication skills of students were examined by standardized patients (investigators) by objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) method before and after intervention. All the students were trained to enhance the communication skills by role play, interactive session, anecdotes. Statistical analysis was done by using Paired t-test. Results: The difference in scores at all the 3 stations before and after the intervention and also global scores before and after the intervention was statistically highly significant (P = 0.0001). Conclusion and Recommendation: Communication skills of students in counseling tobacco users improved after they were given role play, interactive session, anecdotes. Similar model can be used to improve the communication/counseling skills in other important health hazards. PMID:24083278

  7. User- and content-aware object-based video streaming over the Internet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shao, Huai-Rong; Zhu, Wenwu; Zhang, Ya-Qin

    2000-05-01

    This paper presents a new scheme for efficient MPEG4 video transmission over the Internet that provides differentiated services (diff-serv). The scheme has three new elements: (1) smart packetization scheme which distinguishes different types of MPEG4 data streams; (2) object-based bit rate control and adaptation corresponding to users' interactions and selections; (3) selective dropping of packets that takes advantage of differentiated classes in diff-serv. Experiment was conducted on the Microsoft's IPv6 platform where an adaptive MPEG4 video streaming system was developed to verify our proposed approach. Experimental results show that our proposed scheme provides must improved QoS and capability for object-based user interactivity.

  8. A Content-Based Approach to Teaching and Testing Listening Skills to Grade 5 EFL Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chou, Mu-hsuan

    2013-01-01

    English education has been officially incorporated into elementary-level education in Taiwan since 2001, with the key objective of reinforcing pupils' oral communication in class. Although oral interaction involves a degree of listening input from interlocutors, listening has unfortunately remained a marginalized area in Taiwanese elementary…

  9. The Found Object Teaches

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galloway, Carl Weston

    1976-01-01

    A beech leaf, garnet crystals, trilobite fossils--brought by children aged three to twelve transform the science room. Investigates the importance of learning materials that children bring to the classroom at no expense. (Author/RK)

  10. Teaching and Learning in a Community of Thinking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harpaz, Yoram

    2005-01-01

    The article develops a theory and practice for teaching and learning in a Community of Thinking. According to the theory, the practice of traditional schooling is based on four "atomic pictures": learning is listening; teaching is telling; knowledge is an object; and to be educated is to know valuable content. To change this practice of schooling,…

  11. Proposal of a Multi-agent System for Indexing and Recovery applied to Learning Objects

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jonas Vian; Ricardo Azambuja Silveira; Renato Fileto

    There are a variety of specifications and metadata standards used to describe learning contents. A learning content, along with t he file containing the descriptive metadata, constitutes the learning object. Learning objects can be stored in a repository and used in the process of teaching and learning. The h eterogeneity of metadata standards used to describe learning objects creates difficulties

  12. What to Consider When Preparing a Model Core Curriculum for GIS Ethics: Objectives, Methods, and a Sketch of Content

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Michael

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to provide a summary of what is known about teaching ethics in engineering, science, and related disciplines. Such a summary should provide a useful starting point for preparation of a detailed curriculum for teaching the ethics of geo-coded information systems broadly understood ("GIS ethics" for short).…

  13. Focus: Teaching by Genre.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wimer, Frances N., Ed.

    1974-01-01

    The focus of this bulletin is teaching the various literary genres in the secondary English class. Contents include "The Song Within: An Approach to Teaching Poetry,""Teaching Folk-Rock,""Approaches to Teaching Poetry,""Focus on an Elective Program: Twentieth Century Lyrical Poetry,""Hoffman and Poe: Masters of the Grotesque,""Plays: Shared and…

  14. Teaching Dissent and Persuasion

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kathleen M. Carson; Brian Hodgen; Rainer E. Glaser

    2006-01-01

    Teaching philosophy should be based on the desired outcome of the teaching. In the case of science education, the guiding principle for a teaching philosophy should start with the desire to help students understand and use science, regardless of their major or profession. To effectively teach students how to understand science, one must include both the content and the process.

  15. Exploring elementary school teachers' perception of their role in teaching content literacy in the elementary science and social studies classrooms: A mixed methods study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jones-Moore, Lisa Michelle

    2011-12-01

    This mixed-methods study explored third, fourth, and fifth grade teachers' perceptions of their role in teaching content literacy in the elementary science and social studies classroom. The rationale for this study was the growing number of studies questioning the reliance on the inoculation theory for content area literacy comprehension. The study was a mixed methods study so as to provide insight into the participants' thought processes in decision making and instructional planning. Data sources included timed instructional observations, tiered checklist to identify strategy instruction, and prompted critical reflections. The three-tiered observation instrument categorized strategies used by teachers in tiers according to the focus of the strategy. Tier I strategies were those identified as strategies good readers use, typically taught with narrative text. The inoculation theory posits these skills transfer to reading informational and expository text. Tier II strategies were those identified as strategies appropriate for informational or expository text. Use of these strategies acknowledged that narrative and informational/expository text require different strategies, but does not differentiate between expository text drawn from particular content area. Tier III strategies were those identified as strategies particularly suited to informational or expository text drawn from specific content areas. These strategies embody cognitive processes used to comprehend text drawn from specific content areas. The findings showed the participating teachers used a preferential Tier of strategy instruction. Some participants felt that reading comprehension was more important than content. They viewed reading as a subject instead of an integral part of science and social studies instruction.

  16. Some Suggestions for Teaching Introductory Urban Geography

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Austin, C. Murray

    1977-01-01

    Describes objectives, content, and teaching procedures of an introductory college-level urban geography course. Lectures, student papers, and role playing are designed to help students learn about central place theory, space economy, land use, and social geography. (Author/AV)

  17. Teaching and Learning about Human Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lister, Ian

    What a human rights course should consist of, i.e., the objectives, course content, teaching methods, and evaluation techniques, are discussed. Human rights education must foster attitudes of tolerance and respect, provide knowledge about human rights, and develop students' awareness of how to translate human rights into social and political…

  18. Emerging Technologies: Learning Objects--Scorn or SCORM?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Godwin-Jones, Robert

    2004-01-01

    In the communities dealing with the design and implementation of on-line teaching and training (higher education, government, industry), SCORM is a hot topic these days. The "Sharable Content Object Reference Model" is a standard for the packaging and deployment of Web-based "learning objects," defined by Bob Banks as "a relatively small, reusable…

  19. Teaching Students What They Already Know? The Misalignment between Mathematics Instructional Content and Student Knowledge in Kindergarten

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engel, Mimi; Claessens, Amy; Finch, Maida

    2011-01-01

    This study describes children's early math skills and the kindergarten mathematics content to which they are exposed. The authors focus specifically on teacher survey responses to items about content coverage that align most closely with the content covered on the ECLS-K kindergarten mathematics achievement test. They examine the influence…

  20. The Development, Field Testing and Evaluation of Three Hierarchies of Behaviorally Stated Objectives for the Chemistry Content of a Course of Instruction in Physical Science for Pre-Service Nursing Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Love, Robert Alden

    The purpose of this research was to develop hierarchies of behavioral objectives for the chemistry content of a one-semester course in physical science for preservice associate degree nursing students. Each of three content objectives was expressed by a series of behaviorally stated objectives which included a terminal objective for a unit of…

  1. Content Area Literacy in the Primary Grades: Teachers' Sense of Efficacy in Teaching Narrative and Informational Text

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Selman, Christine Cherry

    2011-01-01

    Research has documented the scarcity of informational text and the overabundance of narrative text in the primary grades (Duke, 2000; Yopp & Yopp, 2006). The purpose of this quantitative study was to determine primary teachers' beliefs, or efficacy, in teaching narrative and informational text as well as assess their use of both text types in…

  2. Exploring the Relationship between Teachers Prominence in Online Collaboration and the Development of Mathematical Content Knowledge for Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silverman, Jason

    2012-01-01

    We report on our efforts to support teachers' development of mathematical knowledge for teaching through online professional development focusing on authentic engagement in collaborative mathematical problem solving. In particular, this paper seeks to explore and understand the relationship between teachers' participation in professional…

  3. The Interaction of Decision-Making Style, Teaching Strategy, and Decision-Making Content Material in Social Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwab, Lynne S.; Clegg, Ambrose A., Jr.

    It is assumed that inference is at the heart of thinking and little is known about possible relationships between learners' decision-making styles and teaching strategies. Therefore, it was hypothesized that instructed children score higher on an inference test than those not instructed, and interactions occur between different decision-making…

  4. Assessing the effects of traditional and constructivist teaching methodologies on comprehension of content of an acids and bases chemistry unit in the 7th grade

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Golden, Terrance

    This research sets out to determine to what extent, if any, does teaching methodology play in content and conceptual understanding of an Acids and Bases chemistry unit at the 7th grade level. Two evenly matched 7 th grade groups were formed to perform the study. Each group consisted of fifty students. The groups were matched according quality point grade averages (QPA) and the previous years Iowa test of basic skills (ITBS) results. Two very different yet popular teaching methodologies were utilized in this study. The first teaching methodology utilized standard textbook, lecture and lab procedures as defined in the student text and is best described as traditional educational practice. This practice is direct and emphasizes the teaching of facts along with short-term memory retention. The second teaching methodology utilized an inquiry-based approach commonly referred to as constructivist educational practice. This practice utilized project SEPIA (Science Education through Portfolio Instruction and Assessment), and is a hands-on approach that emphasizes public displays of information in an attempt to promote conceptual understanding. The average mean of the QPA and ITBS scores would show that the groups were evenly matched. Both groups were taught an Acids and Bases unit during an eight-class rotation. A content-based assessment with a conceptual understanding component was administered at the end of the instruction. The same assessment was re-administered three weeks later to test longer-term memory retention. The findings show that in the initial administration of the assessment immediately following the treatment the constructivist group scored slightly higher on both the content and conceptual understanding questions. Of greater significance were the scores at the three-week post treatment assessment. The traditional group averaged a mean score of 9.62 out of 15 on the content assessment at the three-week post treatment test while the constructivist group averaged a mean score of 12.02 out of 15. The 2.40 mean score difference becomes significant given the number of total questions (15). When proficiency is considered a score of 80% or better on the conceptual understanding essay assessment, only 2.9% of the traditional students remained proficient three weeks post-treatment. By contrast 40.4% of the constructivist group students remained proficient three weeks post-treatment. The implications of these findings seem to speak of the need for a constructivist approach when longer-term retention is the goal. Both groups were able to do well on the assessment at the end of the treatment methodology. It is when we examine the three-week post-treatment assessment that we find measurable differences in each groups retention of content and conceptual understanding.

  5. Behavioral Objectives?-No!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferguson, Bill L.

    1971-01-01

    Discusses his reasons for objecting to the use of behavioral objectives in education. Article is in response to Robert Blake's article on Behavioral Objectives and the Teaching of English" in English Education, Winter 1971. (RB)

  6. Teaching science in museums

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tran, Lynn Uyen

    Museums are free-choice, non-threatening, non-evaluative learning and teaching environments. They enable learners to revisit contents, authentic objects, and experiences at their own leisure as they continually build an understanding and appreciation of the concepts. Schools in America have used museums as resources to supplement their curriculum since the 19 th century. Field trip research is predominantly from the teachers' and students' perspectives, and draws attention to the importance for classroom teachers and students to prepare prior to field trips, have tasks, goals, and objectives during their time at the museum, and follow up afterwards. Meanwhile, museum educators' contributions to field trip experiences have been scantily addressed. These educators develop and implement programs intended to help students' explore science concepts and make sense of their experiences, and despite their limited time with students, studies show they can be memorable. First, field trips are a break in the usual routine, and thus have curiosity and attention attracting power. Second, classroom science teaching literature suggests teachers' teaching knowledge and goals can affect their behaviors, and in turn influence student learning. Third, classroom teachers are novices at planning and implementing field trip planners, and museum educators can share this responsibility. But little is reported on how the educators teach, what guides their instruction, how classroom teachers use these lessons, and what is gained from these lessons. This study investigates two of these inquiries. The following research questions guided this investigation. (1) How do educators teaching one-hour, one-time lessons in museums adapt their instruction to the students that they teach? (2) How do time limitations affect instruction? (3) How does perceived variability in entering student knowledge affect instruction? Four educators from two museums took part in this participant observation study to examine one aspect of the teaching culture in museums, that is instruction during one-time science lessons. The researcher remained a passive participant in all 23 lessons observed. Data included observations, interviews, and researcher field notes. An inductive analysis model incorporating constant comparison and domain analysis methods was adopted to analyze the data. Five major findings emerged from this analysis. (1) Repeating lessons develop comfort and insight to compensate one-time nature of lessons. (2) Details within science lessons can vary according to the students. (3) A lifelong learning perspective forms the foundation for educators' choices. (4) Refine teaching to use time efficiently. (5) Educators designate roles to teachers and chaperones to maximize time. These findings had implications for museum educators, classroom teachers, and all those involved in school field trips. Recommendations for action and future research emerging from this study were listed and discussed.

  7. The Use of Courseware Teams for Achieving Content Objectives in Television Production. Satellite Technology Demonstration, Technical Report No. 0505.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linder, Gene; Lonsdale, Helen C.

    The Satellite Technology Demonstration (STD) adopted a coordinated approach called the "courseware team concept" to effectively merge content and video production expertise in television programing. To encourage involvement and participation by the entire staff in the production of a television series, a system was designed to avoid an…

  8. Software architecture for the dynamic creation of visual objects in applications for the internet with interactive content

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Bekkari; D. Mammass; S. Idbraim

    2009-01-01

    The visual representation of information is an interesting way of communication both in industrial and science. The viewing of interactive data gives the users a fun and immediate access to information they are looking for. In this context and with existing technologies that make Internet applications rich in content, we can ask our selves for the relevance of a software

  9. Teaching for Understanding.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Deborah C.; Wesley, Ann

    2000-01-01

    Provides a chart comparing state and national objectives. Assesses student understanding of photosynthesis and explains the process of teaching students producer-consumer relationships. (Contains 14 references.) (YDS)

  10. Teaching Science through Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hugerat, Muhamad; Zidani, Saleem; Kurtam, Naji

    2003-01-01

    Discusses the objectives of the science curriculum and the teacher's responsibility of passing through not only the required material, but also skills. Suggests that in order to improve teaching and learning skills, new strategies, such as teaching and learning through research must be utilized. Presents four examples of teaching and learning…

  11. Rethinking the Romance: Teaching the Content and Function of Gender Stereotypes in the Psychology of Women Course.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crawford, Mary

    1994-01-01

    Advocates the use of Harlequin-style romance novels in a college psychology of women course. Asserts that students develop an understanding of the content and function of gender stereotypes from the books. Describes writing assignments and student evaluation and maintains that student reaction to the approach is positive. (CFR)

  12. Connecting Emergent Curriculum and Standards in the Early Childhood Classroom: Strengthening Content and Teaching Practice. Early Childhood Education Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwartz, Sydney L.; Copeland, Sherry M.

    2010-01-01

    The most pressing challenge in early childhood education today is to find a way to meet the standards within a developmentally appropriate approach. In this book, two active early childhood educators provide teachers with resources to bring content alive and document it in every-day, action-based pre-K and Kindergarten classrooms. The book…

  13. Teaching Students What They Already Know? The (Mis)Alignment between Mathematics Instructional Content and Student Knowledge in Kindergarten

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engel, Mimi; Claessens, Amy; Finch, Maida A.

    2013-01-01

    Kindergarten mathematics skills are important for subsequent achievement, yet mathematics is underemphasized in kindergarten classrooms. Using nationally representative data, this study explored the relationship between students' school-entry math skills, classroom content coverage, and end-of-kindergarten math achievement. Although the vast…

  14. Content Analysis of Essays from a Cross-National Survey: Implications for Teaching Strategies in Holocaust Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McRoy, James J.

    The content of essays written by randomly selected samples of 1500 U.S. and 500 British secondary students on the topic "What have I learned about Adolf Hitler?" were partitioned into theme-related assertions and analyzed. An experimental group of 150 9th- and 11th-grade male students who had studied the Holocaust also contributed papers that were…

  15. Applying the Emerging Provenance and Context Content Standard to Physical Objects in a Core Repository: A Use Case to Demonstrate Validity of Broader Community Adaptation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hills, D. J.; Ramdeen, S.; Ramapriyan, H. K.

    2013-12-01

    The Data Stewardship Committee (DSC) within the Earth Science Information Partners' (ESIP) Federation helped in part to develop the emerging Provenance and Context Content Standard (PCCS). The focus of PCCS is on the 'what' that needs to be preserved, rather than the 'how.' The input to the development of the PCCS has been based on ESIP members' experience with NASA and NOAA missions. The intent has always been to identify a more comprehensive set of items to evolve a robust standard. PCCS development has primarily focused on satellite remote sensing data. However, the DSC recognizes the need to ensure coverage of other types of geoscience data to expand the applicability of PCCS throughout the geoscience data community. Here, we explore the viability of the current PCCS to application towards physical objects within a core repository. We apply the PCCS as a use case to a subset of the cores housed in the Geological Survey of Alabama's core collection. Although the term 'use case' may be used in different ways, here we are using the term to define an approach to develop the functional specifications of a system. The model or standard is carried through to design and implementation, and then applied to a particular situation to test the standard for applied use. The current PCCS has identified eight high-level categories, with several content items under each category being further defined. Information for these content items includes a definition and description, an indication of why the item needs to be preserved, quality criteria, and priority for preservation of the item. For the use case of applying PCCS to physical objects in a core repository, we examine the aspects of each item for relevance with respect to the collection. For example, under Category 1, Preflight/Pre-operations, currently identified content items include 'Instrument Description' and 'Preflight/pre-operational Calibration Data.' With respect to the GSA core repository, these might be mapped to 'Rig Type/Coring Method', and 'Location/Elevation/Tool Calibration.' Further investigation will be required to determine how to better define the content mappings. By taking each high-level category and mapping identified content items to content items within our core repository, we shall detail areas in which the emerging PCCS is robust and works well, and areas in which it is weaker and might need refinement or definition of additional categories or content items to be more broadly applied to a wider cross-section of geoscience data.

  16. Teaching Typography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Communication: Journalism Education Today, 1998

    1998-01-01

    Outlines nine objectives students should be able to accomplish after completing the activities in the unit on typography presented in the previous articles in this journal. Offers eight tips for teaching typography. Includes a short list of books about typography and a list of seven organizations. (SR)

  17. Teaching Otherwise

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carl Anders Säfström; Graham Greene

    2003-01-01

    In this paper I discuss some conditions forunderstanding teaching as an act ofresponsibility towards an other, rather than asan instrumental act identified throughepistemology. I first put the latter intocontext through a critical reading of teachingas it is inscribed in humanistic discourses oneducation. Within these discourses, I explorehow students are treated as objects ofknowledge that reinforce the teacher's ego. Icontend that

  18. So much to teach, so little time: a prospective cohort study evaluating a tool to select content for a critical care curriculum

    PubMed Central

    Peets, Adam D; McLaughlin, Kevin; Lockyer, Jocelyn; Donnon, Tyrone

    2008-01-01

    Introduction Curricular content is often based on the personal opinions of a small number of individuals. Although convenient, such curricula may not meet the needs of the target learner, the program or the institution. Using an objective method to ensure content validity of a curriculum can alleviate this issue. Methods A form was created that listed clinical presentations relevant to residents completing intensive care unit (ICU) rotations. Twenty residents and 20 intensivists in tertiary academic multisystem ICUs ranked each presentation on three separate scales: how life-threatening each is, how commonly each is seen in critical care, and how reversible each is. Mean scores for the individual scales were calculated, and these three values were subsequently multiplied together to achieve a composite score for each presentation. The correlation between the two groups' scores for the presentations was calculated to assess reliability of the process. Results There was excellent agreement between the two groups for rating each presentation (correlation coefficient r = 0.94). The 10 clinical presentations with the highest composite scores formed the basis of our new curriculum. Conclusions We describe a method that can be used to select the content of a curriculum for learners in an ICU. Although the content that we selected to include in our curriculum may not be applicable to other ICUs, we believe that the process we used is easily applied elsewhere, and that it provides an efficient method to improve content validity of a curriculum. PMID:18922170

  19. A Longitudinal "Teaching-to-Teach" Curriculum for Psychiatric Residents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lehmann, Susan W.

    2010-01-01

    Objective: Psychiatric residents' self-reported confidence levels related to teaching medical students were assessed before and after a five-part teaching seminar series. Methods: Five 1-hour seminars on teaching medical students in the psychiatry clerkship were presented to second postgraduate year (PGY-2) residents. Topics included how to teach

  20. Relationships between Mathematical Knowledge for Teaching and Teaching Practice: The Case of Proof

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steele, Michael D.; Cervello Rogers, Kimberly

    2012-01-01

    Teachers of mathematics orchestrate opportunities for interactions between learners and subject matter. Therefore, mathematics teachers need rich, multidimensional content knowledge for teaching mathematics, which incorporates knowledge of the subject matter, students, and teaching. Studying this mathematical knowledge for teaching (MKT)…

  1. Non-Traditional Methods of Teaching Abstract Algebra

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Capaldi, Mindy

    2014-01-01

    This article reports on techniques of teaching abstract algebra which were developed to achieve multiple student objectives: reasoning and communication skills, deep content knowledge, student engagement, independence, and pride. The approach developed included a complementary combination of inquiry-based learning, individual (not group) homework…

  2. TEACHING ENGLISH THROUGH ENGLISHNESS OR ENGLISHNESS IN ENGLISH

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ROUMYANA PETROVA

    The paper presents the author's experience in teaching the course in Anglophone Area Studies (AAS) as part of the Bachelor's Degree Programme in European Studies and International Economic Relations at the University of Rousse, Bulgaria. The objectives of the course, the means to achieve them, and the students' share in the subject content of the course are discussed in relation

  3. Guide for Teaching Honors Physics 1-2. Fifth Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rufolo, Daniel O.

    The guide has been revised to accommodate the adoption of "Physical Science Study Committee College Physics" as the basic textbook for this course. An introduction describes the scope and objectives of the course. Presented are suggestions for teaching the course, content, time allotment to topics, laboratory work, evaluation, materials and…

  4. A Health Newsletter To Teach Science Knowledge: BioRAP!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Froman, Robin D.; Owen, Steven V.; Del Rio-Parent, Lourdes

    This research describes the evaluation of a science curriculum newsletter called BioRAP which serves as a vehicle to teach current health science content. The research objectives were to estimate the relationships of socioeconomic status, ethnic group, gender, grade, student ability, and classroom use characteristics with student knowledge and…

  5. "Structured Discovery": A Modified Inquiry Approach to Teaching Social Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lordon, John

    1981-01-01

    Describes structured discovery approach to inquiry teaching which encourages the teacher to select instructional objectives, content, and questions to be answered. The focus is on individual and group activities. A brief outline using this approach to analyze Adolf Hitler is presented. (KC)

  6. Rationale and Purpose: Teachers will extend their understanding of the concepts and teaching of the Pythagorean relationship using hands-on experiences. They will also reflect upon their teaching planning and practice and engage in dialog with an experienced practitioner in the field. A combination of text, video demonstrations, animations and comics, will increase the teacher's content knowledge as well as pedagogical knowledge

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Terry Bese

    Overview: The Essential Math series provides a wealth of content knowledge in a multimedia format that will engage and motivate students. Each unit is narrowly focused and conceptually developed - easily aligned to standards - and includes: Hands-on Investigations that form the heart of each lesson. Comics that demonstrate effective teaching strategies and provide an opportunity for students to review

  7. Building Communities for the Exchange of Learning Objects: Theoretical Foundations and Requirements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koper, Rob; Pannekeet, Kees; Hendriks, Maaike; Hummel, Hans

    2004-01-01

    In order to reduce overall costs of developing high-quality digital courses (including both the content, and the learning and teaching activities), the exchange of learning objects has been recognized as a promising solution. This article makes an inventory of the issues involved in the exchange of learning objects within a community. It explores…

  8. Teaching Feminist Geography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDowell, Linda; Bowlby, Sophia

    1983-01-01

    Adopting a feminist perspective on geography should lead to changes in the content and organization of undergraduate courses and teaching methods, particularly in assessing the role of gender relations in human geography and in challenging the male-dominated world of academic research and teaching where women have remained largely invisible.…

  9. Teaching the Tools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruffini, Michael R.

    2005-01-01

    Teaching computer applications can be a very tedious and time-consuming task. The purpose of this article is to present a systematic approach to help guide teachers in teaching computer applications. The metaphor used in developing and organizing instructional content is a jigsaw puzzle. A jigsaw puzzle consists of small pieces that fit together…

  10. Teaching Feminist Family Therapy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elizabeth Ann Sirles

    1994-01-01

    This paper describes a specialized course on Feminist Family Therapy. Special emphasis is given to the process and content of the course, drawing from the literature on feminist family therapy, feminist pedagogy, and experience from teaching the class. The author describes the isomorphic nature of feminist teaching and feminist practice. Educators are encouraged to define their own gender politics; integrate

  11. Teaching Photosynthesis with ELL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Piper, Susan; Shaw, Edward Lewis, Jr.

    2010-01-01

    Although the teaching of photosynthesis occurs yearly in elementary classrooms, one thing that makes it challenging is the inclusion of English language learners (ELLs). This article presents several activities for teaching and assessing of photosynthesis in a third grade classroom. The activities incorporate the photosynthesis content, teaching

  12. Teaching Children Science. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abruscato, Joseph

    This book focuses on science teaching at the elementary school level. It includes chapters dealing with various science content areas and teaching processes including: (1) what is science; (2) why teach science; (3) process skills as a foundation for unit and lesson planning; (4) how to plan learning units, daily lessons, and assessment…

  13. Early Childhood. Bachelor of Teaching

    E-print Network

    Hickman, Mark

    Early Childhood. 2015 Bachelor of Teaching & Learning (Early Childhood) College of Education Education #12;Contents 3 Bachelor of Teaching and Learning (Early Childhood) 4 Entry Requirements starting out in Early Childhood teacher education. As well as gaining a teaching degree which qualifies

  14. TeachingTeaching Interactive

    E-print Network

    Jones, Michelle

    of these departments include: The College of Nursing, The College of Education, The College of Food, Agriculture educational goals otherwise out of reach due to their location. Teaching a multi-site class can facilitateTeachingTeaching with Interactive Video: A Faculty Orientation Presented by OSU Extension and OSU

  15. Students' Perceptions of Teaching in Context-Based and Traditional Chemistry Classrooms: Comparing Content, Learning Activities, and Interpersonal Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Overman, Michelle; Vermunt, Jan D.; Meijer, Paulien C.; Bulte, Astrid M. W.; Brekelmans, Mieke

    2014-01-01

    Context-based curriculum reforms in chemistry education are thought to bring greater diversity to the ways in which chemistry teachers organize their teaching. First and foremost, students are expected to perceive this diversity. However, empirical research on how students perceive their teacher's teaching in context-based chemistry…

  16. Graduate Student Attitudes toward Professor Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Transformational Teaching Practices, Student-Professor Engagement in Learning, and Student Deep Learning in Worldwide Business and Education Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Economos, Jennifer Lynn

    2013-01-01

    Some professors are expected to remain competitive research scholars, as well as teach, particularly in research-intensive universities. It has been argued that some professors spend too much time on research to obtain institutional incentives or promotion, and not enough time on teaching. Consequently, some adjuncts assume the responsibility for…

  17. Les fins et les moyens d'un enseignement de l'anglais en vue d'objectifs specifiques (Teaching English for Special Purposes: Objectives and Approaches).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Widdowson, H. G.

    1981-01-01

    Argues against the thesis that a thorough study of the language used in the relevant professional environments is necessary and sufficient to produce adequate instructional materials for special purposes language courses. Maintains that this purely functional approach to language teaching ignores fundamental communication needs and impairs student…

  18. Toward a psychoanalytic way of teaching psychoanalysis.

    PubMed

    Dunn, Jonathan

    2013-12-01

    The author's orientation to psychoanalytic education blends its subjective and objective ways of knowing, its cognitive and experiential aspects. Lear's (2003) definition of psychoanalysis as a subjective category contextualizes psychoanalytic teaching as a lived-out demonstration of its conceptual learning and generates a confident humility in how teachers express theoretical content. The author emphasizes teachers' gut-level psychological impacts on candidates, and the value of teachers conveying psychoanalytic knowledge as an internalized expression of their personal experience and meaning (identification), while simultaneously maintaining an objective perspective. A literature review of psychoanalytic education and discussion of Stanislavski's (1936, 1949) dramatic acting "Method" clarifies the author's pedagogy. PMID:24325187

  19. Teaching Psychiatry Residents to Teach: A National Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crisp-Han, Holly; Chambliss, R. Bryan; Coverdale, John

    2013-01-01

    Objective: Because there have been no previously published national surveys on teaching psychiatry residents about how to teach, the authors surveyed United States psychiatry program directors on what and how residents are taught about teaching. Methods: All psychiatry training programs across the United States were mailed a semistructured…

  20. Teaching in the Planetarium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Roger L.

    1985-01-01

    Suggests using the planetarium as an educational resource for all ages. Discusses various planetarium teaching techniques and planetarium programs (with objectives) at Ball State University. They include programs for school children, college students, and the general public. (DH)

  1. Teaching Criminal Law.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levin, Sandy

    1989-01-01

    Presents learning activities and resources for teaching senior level criminal law courses. Topics covered include arrest, search and seizure, bail, trial procedures, sentencing, and prisons. Objective is to encourage students to address societal issues. (LS)

  2. Toys that Teach

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Christine Herald

    2001-10-01

    Using toys to teach basic physical science concepts is a great way to engage students through hands-on experience with familiar objects. This article contains several activities that use toys to help students investigate average speed, acceleration, wavel

  3. Mathematics: Content and Pedagogy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ediger, Marlow

    2009-01-01

    The debate has gone on for some time in terms of which is more salient for the teacher to be well versed in, mathematical content versus methods and approaches in teaching. Both are salient. They cannot be separated from each other. The mathematics teacher must indeed have broad, in-depth knowledge of subject matter as well as in teaching and…

  4. Productive ICT Academia Program ObjectivesObjectives

    E-print Network

    Kasahara, Hironori

    Productive ICT Academia Program ObjectivesObjectives HumanResources (ICTArchitect) Innovative Research Outputs Research & Education GlobalCooperation withIndustries&Labs Productive ICT AcademiaProductive ICT Academia Multimedia Contents Universal Computing Universal, Highly Distributed, Ultra Scalable

  5. Evaluation of Students' Views about the Use of SCORM (Sharable Content Object Reference Model)-Compatible Materials in Physics Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonen, Selahattin; Basaran, Bulent

    2013-01-01

    In the present study, a web site including instructional materials such as Whiteboard Movies (WBM), simulations and animations and testing materials such as true-false, fill-in-the-blanks, puzzles, open-ended questions and multiple-choice questions was designed. The study was carried out with 76 students attending Dicle College (DC), Diyarbakir…

  6. Second Graders Learn Animal Adaptations through Form and Function Analogy Object Boxes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rule, Audrey C.; Baldwin, Samantha; Schell, Robert

    2008-01-01

    This study examined the use of form and function analogy object boxes to teach second graders (n = 21) animal adaptations. The study used a pretest-posttest design to examine animal adaptation content learned through focused analogy activities as compared with reading and Internet searches for information about adaptations of animals followed by…

  7. Teaching Tolerance Magazine

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Teaching Tolerance magazine, which is put out by the Southern Poverty Law Center to accompany its free Teaching Tolerance educational program, is available online via the website dedicated to the Teaching Tolerance program. The magazine is loaded with wonderful information and creative ways to teach tolerance. Visitors can view the magazine's archives and read the articles online for free. If the thoughtful content and depth with which the Southern Poverty Law Center supports their Teaching Tolerance program isn't enough to convince visitors that it's a superb program, check out this quote from their "About Us" section: "Scientific surveys demonstrate that our programs help students learn respect for differences and bolster teacher practice."

  8. Executive summary: Developing objectives, content, and competencies for the training of Emergency Medical Technicians, Emergency Physicians, and Emergency Nurses to care for casualties resulting from Nuclear, Biological, or Chemical (NBC) incidents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph F. Waeckerle; Sandra Seamans; Mary Whiteside; Peter T. Pons; Suzanne White; Jonathan L. Burstein; Rick Murray

    2001-01-01

    Study objective: The task force assessed the needs, demands, feasibility, and content of training for US civilian emergency medical responders (paramedics, nurses, and physicians) for nuclear\\/biological\\/chemical (NBC) terrorism. Methods: A task force representing key professional organizations, stakeholders, and disciplines involved in emergency medical response conducted an iterated instructional-design analysis on the feasibility and content of such training with input from

  9. Teaching about Food and Hunger: 33 Activities. Environmental Education Series, Volume 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Otero, George G.; Smith, Gary R.

    Thirty-three supplementary teaching activities are provided to complement existing curricula related to food. Content covers food production and distribution, nutrition, food shortages, food habits, meal planning, and other topics appropriate for secondary and adult programs. Although the objectives are varied for each lesson, taken as a whole…

  10. Can Pre-Service Physical Education Majors Identify Learning Standards during Authentic Teaching Episodes?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kniffin, Mike; Foley, John; MacDonald, Lynn Couturier; Howarth, Kath

    2014-01-01

    Only a handful of research studies have been conducted to determine whether or not physical educators or pre-service physical education teachers are utilizing learning standards in their teaching. While pre-service teachers are typically required to align lesson objectives and content, their extent of their understanding of how learning standards…

  11. Teaching Physical Science through Children's Literature. 20 Complete Lessons for Elementary Grades.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gertz, Susan E.; Portman, Dwight J.; Sarquis, Mickey

    This guide focuses on teaching hands-on, discovery-oriented physical science in the elementary classroom using children's literature. Each lesson is an integrated learning episode with a clearly defined science content objective which is supported and enriched through literature, writing, and mathematics. The three sections are: (1) "Properties of…

  12. Movement of Celestial Objects (title provided or enhanced by cataloger)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This Classroom Connectors lesson plan teaches the basic concepts of celestial mechanics, including perihelion and aphelion, the expanding universe, and gravity. The site provides goals, objectives, an outline, time required, materials, activities, and closure ideas for the lesson. The Classroom Connectors address content with an activity approach while incorporating themes necessary to raise the activity to a higher cognition level. The major motivation is to employ instructional strategies that bring the students physically and mentally into touch with the science they are studying.

  13. Intertwining Digital Content and a One-to-One Laptop Environment in Teaching and Learning: Lessons from the Time to Know Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosen, Yigal; Beck-Hill, Dawne

    2012-01-01

    This study provides a comprehensive look at a constructivist one-to-one computing program's effects on teaching and learning practices as well as student learning achievements. The study participants were 476 fourth and fifth grade students and their teachers from four elementary schools from a school district in the Dallas, Texas, area. Findings…

  14. Using Explicit Instruction to Teach Science Descriptors to Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Victoria F. Knight; Bethany R. Smith; Fred Spooner; Diane Browder

    Science content is one area of general curriculum access that needs more investigation. Explicit instruction is effective\\u000a for teaching students with high incidence disabilities a variety of skills, including science content. In this study, we taught\\u000a three elementary aged students with autism spectrum disorder to acquire science descriptors (e.g., wet) and then generalization\\u000a to novel objects, pictures, and within a

  15. The exploration of experiment teaching reform on microbiology of TCM specialty

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ma Xiumin; Wang Hongying; Ma Haimei; Ding Jianbing; Gong Haiyan; Zhang Chuntao; Xu Qi

    2011-01-01

    To reform experiment teaching on microbiology of TCM specialty, the focus of reform is strengthen targeted and practicality of experiment teaching, increase contents about relationship of TCM and microbiology, etc. in experiment teaching; increase experimental contents on comprehensive application; improve assessment methods of experimental classes. Make teaching contents accord with the training goal of TCM specialty, meanwhile strengthening training of

  16. Teaching about Death to Undergraduates.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pine, Vanderlyn R.; And Others

    Development, implementation, and teaching of a college-level course on dying and death are described. The authors review their own experiences in becoming involved with death education and describe teaching methods, problems, and content of their current course in dying and death at the State University of New York, College at New Paltz. Because…

  17. Collegiality and Better Science Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiser, Brenda

    2012-01-01

    For the past five years, teachers from four Houston-area school districts have joined together in a professional learning community (PLC) to improve their science teaching. Through the University of Houston-Clear Lake (UHCL) Regional Collaborative for Excellence in Science and Mathematics Teaching, the teachers strengthen content knowledge and…

  18. Teaching Shakespeare.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, James E., Ed.

    1976-01-01

    This issue of "Focus: Teaching English in Southeastern Ohio" contains articles about teaching Shakespeare, student summaries of a Shakespeare conference held at Ohio University-Zanesville in April 1976, and suggested projects for teaching poetry writing. It also contains lists of materials and articles related to the teaching of Shakespeare, and…

  19. Teaching Pronunciation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knight, Michael

    1975-01-01

    Gives practical hints for teaching pronunciation with special attention to accent: 1. Teaching of pronunciation should take place in a "meaningful context." 2. Mimicry drills form the basis for teaching pronunciation. 3. Discrimination drills are a prerequisite for successful teaching of pronunciation. 4. Speaking in chorus is a useful method for…

  20. CONTENT: The Internet Mailing List

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    CONTENT welcomes discussion of the theoretical, methodological, and technological aspects of the quantitative analysis of texts and images. Appropriate topics for discussion include: software and hardware for content analysis; research design in content analysis (e.g., sampling issues, coding instruments and protocols); statistics for content analysis; teaching content analysis; and the role of content analysis in an era of electronic information flows and interactive media

  1. Object Oriented Learning Objects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morris, Ed

    2005-01-01

    We apply the object oriented software engineering (OOSE) design methodology for software objects (SOs) to learning objects (LOs). OOSE extends and refines design principles for authoring dynamic reusable LOs. Our learning object class (LOC) is a template from which individualised LOs can be dynamically created for, or by, students. The properties…

  2. Student Projects that Make a Meaningful and Lasting Contribution to Course Content

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidt, Shelly J.

    2013-01-01

    The objective of this teaching tip is to share with others an idea of how to transform student projects from a dead-end process to a value-added end product, value-added end products that make a meaningful and lasting contribution to course content for use by future students. (Contains 2 tables.)

  3. Developing Content Knowledge in Students through Explicit Teaching of the Nature of Science: Influences of Goal Setting and Self-Monitoring

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peters, Erin E.

    2012-01-01

    Knowledge about the nature of science has been advocated as an important component of science because it provides a framework on which the students can incorporate content knowledge. However, little empirical evidence has been provided that links nature of science knowledge with content knowledge. The purpose of this mixed method study was to…

  4. Effective Teaching Pedagogies for Undergraduate Computer Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ali, Sanwar

    2005-01-01

    Teaching is a scholarly activity and a life-long learning process with no single method or pedagogy that is always most effective. Applications of teaching pedagogies properly vary from content-based to discipline-based areas. In this paper, various teaching pedagogies, including scaffolding, concept mapping, constructivism, and learning…

  5. Toolbox: Textbook Circles for Teaching Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reading Teacher, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Teach students to use their literacy skills in the content areas. Textbook circles are a great way to make the most of the skills students learn during literature circles and help them transfer these skills to assigned content area texts.

  6. Teach Engineering

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    TeachEngineering is a resource for K-12 educators wanting to introduce students to engineering, even if they have no background knowledge of engineering. The project is a collaboration between four engineering colleges and is funded by the National Science Foundation. The resources provided here are intended to help teachers "enhance learning, excite students and stimulate interest in science and math through the use of hands-on engineering." The lessons connect real-world experiences with curricular content already taught in K-12 classrooms and link the content to educational standards. The collection of materials are included in a database that can be searched by keyword, grade level, educational standard or other criteria, or browsed by subject area, curricular units, lessons or activities. Educators are encouraged to submit reviews and create their own area on the website to easily access personal favorites. Only a few sample lessons were posted at the time of this report, but the database is expected to be available sometime in January 2005. Other sections of the website provide information and links to learn more about the field of engineering.

  7. Teaching Mathematics Using Steplets

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bringslid, Odd; Norstein, Anne

    2008-01-01

    This article evaluates online mathematical content used for teaching mathematics in engineering classes and in distance education for teacher training students. In the EU projects Xmath and dMath online computer algebra modules (Steplets) for undergraduate students assembled in the Xmath eBook have been designed. Two questionnaires, a compulsory…

  8. Teaching Science through Story

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horton, Jessica

    2013-01-01

    Children find comfort in stories. They are familiar, accessible and entertaining. By teaching science through narratives, we can provide that same comfort and access to scientific content to children of all ages. In this article, I will discuss how, through the use of narratives in science instruction, we can provide students with a deeper…

  9. Reflections on Aesthetic Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sotiropoulou-Zormpala, Marina

    2012-01-01

    This article examines how it is possible to use the aesthetic process to enrich teaching practices in preschool and elementary school education. What is under scrutiny is the aesthetic dimension of a core curricular subject, the ultimate goal being to achieve an understanding of curricular content through aesthetic learning processes. For this…

  10. My Teaching Philosophy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mambetaliev, Askarbek

    2007-01-01

    Since the collapse of the Soviet Union the Ministry of Education of the Kyrgyz Republic has included a few social science disciplines in the list of the Educational State Standards, though the content of these subjects and teaching methodologies are still weak. One of the problems, which I constantly face in Kyrgyzstan when developing a new…

  11. Teaching Behavioral Geography

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gold, John R.

    1977-01-01

    Discusses a survey which assessed the role of behavioral geography courses within British university geography departments. Course content and organization are discussed in relationship to research in behavioral geography and to likely directions of change in teaching syllabi. For journal availability, see SO 505 640. (Author/DB)

  12. Using Debate to Teach Pharmacy Students About Ethical Issues

    PubMed Central

    Hanna, Lezley-Anne; Barry, Johanne; Donnelly, Ryan; Hughes, Fiona; Jones, David; Laverty, Garry; Parsons, Carole; Ryan, Cristin

    2014-01-01

    Objective. To create, implement, and evaluate debate as a method of teaching pharmacy undergraduate students about ethical issues. Design. Debate workshops with 5 hours of contact with student peers and facilitators and 5 hours of self-study were developed for second-year pharmacy students. Student development of various skills and understanding of the topic were assessed by staff members and student peers. Assessment. One hundred fifty students completed the workshops. The mean score for debating was 25.9 out of 30, with scores ranging from 23.2 to 28.7. Seventy percent of students agreed that the debates were a useful teaching method in the degree program. Conclusion. A series of workshops using debates effectively delivered course content on ethical issues and resulted in pharmacy students developing skills such as teamwork, peer assessment, communication, and critical evaluation. These findings suggest that pharmacy students respond favorably to a program using debates as a teaching tool. PMID:24761018

  13. Developing Content Knowledge in Students Through Explicit Teaching of the Nature of Science: Influences of Goal Setting and Self-Monitoring

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peters, Erin E.

    2012-06-01

    Knowledge about the nature of science has been advocated as an important component of science because it provides a framework on which the students can incorporate content knowledge. However, little empirical evidence has been provided that links nature of science knowledge with content knowledge. The purpose of this mixed method study was to determine if both nature of science knowledge and content knowledge could be increased with an explicit, reflective nature of science intervention utilizing self-regulation over an implicit group. Results showed that the explicit group significantly outperformed the implicit group on both nature of science and content knowledge assessments. Students in the explicit group also demonstrated a greater use of detail in their inquiry work and reported a higher respect for evidence in making conclusions than the implicit group. Implications suggest that science educators could enhance nature of science instruction using goal setting and self-monitoring of student work during inquiry lessons.

  14. [Puppet theatre as teaching strategy: a report of the experience].

    PubMed

    Rampaso, Débora Alves de Lima; Doria, Maria Aparecida Gonçalves; de Oliveira, Maria Cláudia Martins; da Silva, Gilberto Tadeu Reis

    2011-01-01

    The Didactics Applied to Care discipline is developed in the fifth semester of the nursing graduation course. It develops several theoretical-practical contents, among them, the teaching strategy. Our objective is to report the experience with the use of puppet theater to promote the oral health of children in a day nursery in the São Paulo East Zone. With this report we make it clear that the theoretical contents developed by the Didactics Applied to Care Discipline are essential to the practice of Health Education. The discipline allows us to develop multiple activities in the role of educator and in health promotion. PMID:22378529

  15. A Content Standard for Computational Models; Digital Rights Management (DRM) Architectures; A Digital Object Approach to Interoperable Rights Management: Finely-Grained Policy Enforcement Enabled by a Digital Object Infrastructure; LOCKSS: A Permanent Web Publishing and Access System; Tapestry of Time and Terrain.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Linda L.; Crosier, Scott J.; Smith, Terrence R.; Goodchild, Michael; Iannella, Renato; Erickson, John S.; Reich, Vicky; Rosenthal, David S. H.

    2001-01-01

    Includes five articles. Topics include requirements for a content standard to describe computational models; architectures for digital rights management systems; access control for digital information objects; LOCKSS (Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe) that allows libraries to run Web caches for specific journals; and a Web site from the U.S.…

  16. Learner-Centered Teaching: Five Key Changes to Practice. The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weimer, Maryellen

    This book focuses on learner-centered instruction in college and university classrooms, presenting the meaning, practice, and ramifications of this approach and explaining how it transforms the college classroom environment. The book shows how to tie teaching and curriculum to the process and objectives of learning rather than to the content

  17. Using Supplementary Video in Multimedia Instruction as a Teaching Tool to Increase Efficiency of Learning and Quality of Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ljubojevic, Milos; Vaskovic, Vojkan; Stankovic, Srecko; Vaskovic, Jelena

    2014-01-01

    The main objective of this research is to investigate efficiency of use of supplementary video content in multimedia teaching. Integrating video clips in multimedia lecture presentations may increase students' perception of important information and motivation for learning. Because of that, students can better understand and remember key…

  18. An Integrated Strategy for Teaching Biochemistry to Biotechnology Specialty Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ouyang, Liming; Ou, Ling; Zhang, Yuanxing

    2007-01-01

    The faculty of biochemistry established an integrated teaching strategy for biotechnology specialty students, by intermeshing the case-study method, web-assistant teaching, and improved lecture format with a brief content and multimedia courseware. Teaching practice showed that the integrated teaching strategy could retain the best features of…

  19. Teaching Heritage

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Subtitled "a professional development Website for teachers," Teaching Heritage is an impressive collection of information and resources for teaching Australian history and culture. There are eight main sections to the site: four offer teaching resources and four provide teaching units. The resource sections include an examination of different ways of defining heritage, an Australian heritage timeline, discussions of different approaches to teaching heritage through media, and outcomes-based approaches in teaching and assessing heritage coursework. The teaching units deal in depth with issues of citizenship, nationalism, Australian identities, and new cultural values. A Heritage Gallery features images of various culturally significant or representative places in Australia, such as New Italy, the Dundullimal Homestead, Australian Hall, Kelly's Bush, and many more. Obviously, teachers of Civics on the southern continent will find this site extremely useful, but the teaching units -- rich with texts and images -- also offer fascinating introductions for anyone interested in the issues of Australian nation-making.

  20. Teaching Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomas, Z.; Kostka, I.; Mott-Smith, J. A.

    2013-01-01

    The authors of "Teaching Writing" draw on their years of teaching and their knowledge of theory and research to present major concepts in teaching L2 writing. These concepts encompass how cultural differences affect the writing class, planning instruction, text-based writing, writing strategies, modeling, and responding to student…

  1. A Workshop in Clinical Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stritter, Frank T.; Hain, Jack H.

    1977-01-01

    A one-day workshop for medical faculty (but also adapted for nursing and allied health instructors) has been designed that incorporates both attitudinal and cognitive objectives, including learning the characteristics of effective clinical teaching, evaluating an observed clinical teaching situation, and applying the characteristics of effective…

  2. Status of problem based learning in postgraduate anesthesia teaching: A cross-sectional survey

    PubMed Central

    Chilkoti, Geetanjali; Wadhwa, Rachna; Kumar, Ashok

    2015-01-01

    Background: Anesthesia is a specialized branch of medicine with a very narrow margin of error. Incorporation of problem-based learning (PBL) in anesthesia post-graduate (PG) teaching enhances the critical thinking and problem-solving skills. It also helps in developing a broader prospective of clinical case scenarios. Case based discussions (CBD) are most widely practiced out of all PBL methods in anesthesia PG teaching. Materials and Methods: We conducted an anonymous questionnaire based, cross-sectional survey among 62 anesthesia residents from various medical institutions in a city of Delhi, India. We aimed to assess the current status of PBL by assessing the student satisfaction with CBD in anesthesia PG teaching, educational objectives accomplished with CBD and effectiveness of teaching curriculum in PG teaching with suggested modifications, if any. Result and Conclusion: We observed that CBD is lacking in many important key areas of PBL e.g., formulation of objectives, communication on the content and direction of PBL, facilitation skills, supplementation of inadequacies of CBD. However, CBD seems to be a valid method of PBL in terms of the educational objectives accomplished with it but increased motivation for learning is required. Majority of the students felt that PG teaching curriculum should be centralized, with increased emphasis on open interactive sessions regarding its effectiveness. PMID:25558202

  3. Database vs. Expert System Teaching Paradigms: Using Organic Reaction Mechanisms To Teach Chemical Intuition

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul H. Scudder

    1997-01-01

    A database and an expert system can serve as useful paradigms for the analysis of radically different teaching approaches. A content-driven lecture that relays facts and concepts to be memorized and regurgitated and treats each student as a database to be filled does not teach students how to think. To teach them to think like experienced chemists, one must focus

  4. An Approach to the Teaching of Psychiatric Nursing in Diploma and Associate Degree Programs: A Method for Content Integration and Course Development in the Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walsh, Joan E.; Taylor, Cecelia Monat

    This report is for use by nurse educators concerned with curriculum development and by nursing service personnel wishing to provide quality care. Eight diploma schools and eight associate-degree programs were chosen to participate in the project as testing centers for the methods and materials. Content and learning experiences in…

  5. Research and Teaching: Improving Students' Perceptions of Benefits of Science Demonstrations and Content Mastery in a Large-Enrollment Chemistry Lecture Demonstration Course for Nonscience Majors

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    David M. Majerich

    2007-05-01

    A large enrollment, instructor-centered chemistry course taught with science demonstrations was transformed into one that was more student-centered. Course survey and examination results revealed more positive perceptions of the benefits of demonstrations and greater content mastery for students in the modified course than for those in the traditional course.

  6. First Steps to Excellence in College Teaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Glenn Ross

    This book is intended to help college faculty members, teaching assistants, and prospective instructors to develop their teaching skills and choose instructional strategies that match their personalities and result in improved student learning. The nine chapters cover the following topics: (1) determining teaching objectives (stresses specificity…

  7. Evaluating Teaching through Teaching Awards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carusetta, Ellen

    2001-01-01

    Reviews the literature on teaching awards and then examines a specific case, the Alan P. Stuart Award for Excellence in Teaching at the University of New Brunswick, using Menges's three tests of effective awards. Suggests that examining the strengths and weaknesses of institutional teaching awards can help illuminate the processes involved in…

  8. Teaching Chemical Engineers about Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heath, Daniel E.; Hoy, Mary; Rathman, James F.; Rohdieck, Stephanie

    2013-01-01

    The Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Department at The Ohio State University in collaboration with the University Center for the Advancement of Teaching developed the Chemical Engineering Mentored Teaching Experience. The Mentored Teaching Experience is an elective for Ph.D. students interested in pursuing faculty careers. Participants are…

  9. Teaching Morally and Teaching Morality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fenstermacher, Gary D.; Osguthorpe, Richard D.; Sanger, Matthew N.

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the authors introduce what they believe is an important distinction between teaching morality and teaching morally. In P-12 schools, the moral education debate often focuses on character education programs or other moral curricula. Such programs and curricula are championed as a means of teaching morality and transmitting moral…

  10. Online multiple intelligence teaching tools (On-MITT) for enhancing interpersonal teaching activities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mohamad, Siti Nurul Mahfuzah; Salam, Sazilah; Bakar, Norasiken; Sui, Linda Khoo Mei

    2014-07-01

    The theories of Multiple Intelligence (MI) used in this paper apply to students with interpersonal intelligence who is encouraged to work together in cooperative groups where interpersonal interaction is practiced. In this context, students used their knowledge and skills to help the group or partner to complete the tasks given. Students can interact with each other as they learn and the process of learning requires their verbal and non-verbal communication skills, co-operation and empathy in the group. Meanwhile educators can incorporate cooperative learning in groups in the classroom. On-MITT provides various tools to facilitate lecturers in preparing e-content that applies interpersonal intelligence. With minimal knowledge of Information and Technology (IT) skills, educators can produce creative and interesting teaching activities and teaching materials. The objective of this paper is to develop On-MITT prototype for interpersonal teaching activities. This paper addressed initial prototype of this study. An evaluation of On-MITT has been completed by 20 lecturers of Malaysian Polytechnics. Motivation Survey Questionnaire is used as the instrument to measure four motivation variables: ease of use, enjoyment, usefulness and self-confidence. Based on the findings, the On-MITT can facilitate educators to prepare teaching materials that are compatible for interpersonal learner.

  11. School Mathematics Study Group Newsletters [Curriculum Content, Development and Objectives]. Numbers 1-4-6-11-13-24-25-28-33-36-38.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanford Univ., CA. School Mathematics Study Group.

    This document is one of three made up of newsletters from the School Mathematics Study Group's (SMSG) series of newsletters written between 1959 and 1972. This set contains newsletters 1, 4, 6, 11, 24, and 36, covering the history, objectives, organization, and projects undertaken by SMSG; newsletters 13, 25, and 28, discussing the preparation and…

  12. Improving teaching on the basis of student evaluation: Integrative teaching consultation

    PubMed Central

    Wibbecke, Gerald; Kahmann, Janine; Pignotti, Tanja; Altenberger, Leander; Kadmon, Martina

    2015-01-01

    Objective: Due to the development of medical education in the past decade the role of teachers has changed and requires higher didactic competence. Student evaluation of teaching alone does not lead to considerable improvement of teaching quality. We present the concept of "Integrative Teaching Consultation", which comprises both the teacher’s reflection and own objectives to improve their teaching as well as data from students ratings. Methods: Teachers in collaboration with a teaching consultant reflect on their teaching ability and set themselves improvement goals. Then the consultant himself observes a teaching session and subsequently analyses the respective student evaluation in order to give meaningful feedback to the teacher. Results: The combination of student feedback with professional consultation elements can initiate and maintain improvements in teaching. Conclusion: Teaching consultation complements existing faculty development programs and increases the benefit of student evaluations. PMID:25699105

  13. The Design of Network Teaching Environment and the Internet Addiction of College Students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Caiyun Gao; Qingjun Li

    2010-01-01

    With the expanding of network teaching, more and more college students begin to addict to the internet, so the design of more scientific network teaching environment is given more attention nowadays. In network teaching, not only the teaching content should be emphasized, but also a safe network teaching environment should be provided. This paper investigates the relationship between the network

  14. Ecology, Elementary Teaching Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gross, Iva Helen

    In an effort to provide background information and encourage incorporation of ecological understandings into the curriculum, this teacher's guide has been devised for fourth and fifth grade teachers. It utilizes an activity-oriented approach to discovery and inquiry, outlining behavioral objectives, learning activities, teaching suggestions, and…

  15. Teaching about Population Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Otero, George G., Jr., Comp.

    This teaching guide on population issues contains 19 activities for students in grades 7-12. The objective is to analyze population issues that have resulted from human population dynamics. In this guide, four categories of activities are included: some are discussion starters, some provide factual data, some focus on thinking skills, and some are…

  16. Apparatus for Teaching Physics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gottlieb, Herbert H., Ed.

    1980-01-01

    This section presents new ideas with regard to apparatus for teaching physics. The following four ideas are presented: (1) measuring speed of light (2) a poor man's barometer, (3) center of mass of a rotating object, and (4) minimizing glass breakage. (HM)

  17. Strand Tracker: Non-Fiction Objectives. The National Literacy Strategy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department for Education and Skills, London (England).

    These materials aim to help teachers make explicit links between teaching in the Literacy Hour and in the rest of the curriculum. The materials map teaching objectives from England's National Literacy Strategy's (NLS) Framework for Teaching to various text types and lists NLS resources which can be used to support teaching and learning. Text types…

  18. Measuring teaching effectiveness--or not.

    PubMed

    Shaw, Graham P

    2013-01-01

    Faculty in the present-day academic medicine environment are expected to perform multiple functions, notably, the provision of high-quality teaching to the medical professionals of tomorrow. However, evaluating the effectiveness of this teaching is particularly difficult. Student evaluations of teaching, despite their many flaws, are widely used as a convenient tool to measure teaching effectiveness. Administrators continue to routinely use student evaluation of teaching surveys in faculty retention/promotion and merit pay decisions. This practice should be reevaluated since it may have unintended consequences, such as grade inflation and content debasement, and may contribute to faculty leaving the institution and even the profession. A more valid, reliable, and formative protocol for the evaluation of genuine teaching effectiveness needs to be developed as a matter of some urgency. In this review, alternatives to the student evaluation of teaching are explored to better measure true teaching effectiveness. PMID:23328860

  19. An Asynchronous Learning Approach for the Instructional Component of a Dual-Campus Pharmacy Resident Teaching Program

    PubMed Central

    Baia, Patricia; Canning, Jacquelyn E.; Strang, Aimee F.

    2015-01-01

    Objective. To describe the shift to an asynchronous online approach for pedagogy instruction within a pharmacy resident teaching program offered by a dual-campus college. Design. The pedagogy instruction component of the teaching program (Part I) was redesigned with a focus on the content, delivery, and coordination of the learning environment. Asynchronous online learning replaced distance technology or lecture capture. Using a pedagogical content knowledge framework, residents participated in self-paced online learning using faculty recordings, readings, and discussion board activities. A learning management system was used to assess achievement of learning objectives and participation prior to progressing to the teaching experiences component of the teaching program (Part II). Assessment. Evaluation of resident pedagogical knowledge development and participation in Part I of the teaching program was achieved through the learning management system. Participant surveys and written reflections showed general satisfaction with the online learning environment. Future considerations include addition of a live orientation session and increased faculty presence in the online learning environment. Conclusion. An online approach framed by educational theory can be an effective way to provide pedagogy instruction within a teaching program.

  20. Quality physical education: a commentary on effective physical education teaching.

    PubMed

    Dyson, Ben

    2014-06-01

    In my commentary in response to the 3 articles (McKenzie & Lounsbery, 2013; Rink, 2013; Ward, 2013), I focus on 3 areas: (a) content knowledge, (b) a holistic approach to physical education, and (c) policy impact. I use the term quality teaching rather than "teacher effectiveness." Quality teaching is a term with the potential to move our attention beyond a focus merely on issues of effectiveness relating to the achievement of prespecified objectives. I agree with Ward that teacher content knowledge is limited in physical education, and I argue that if the student does not have a connection to or relationship with the content, this will diminish their learning gains. I also argue for a more holistic approach to physical education coming from a broader conception. Physical educators who teach the whole child advocate for a plethora of physical activity, skills, knowledge, and positive attitudes that foster healthy and active playful lifestyles. Play is a valuable educational experience. I also endorse viewing assessment from different perspectives and discuss assessment through a social-critical political lens. The 3 articles also have implications for policy. Physical education is much broader than just physical activity, and we harm the future potential of our field if we adopt a narrow agenda. Looking to the future, I propose that we broaden the kinds of research that we value, support, and appreciate in our field. PMID:25098010

  1. My thoughts on teaching.

    PubMed

    Smith, Bonnie J

    2009-01-01

    The Pfizer Distinguished Teacher Award, presented annually to a faculty member at each college or school of veterinary medicine in the United States, is the most prestigious teaching award in veterinary medicine. Originally this award was known as the Norden Award, named in honor of Carl J. Norden, founder of Norden Laboratories, but since 1963 it has been sponsored by Pfizer Animal Health. Awardees are selected by their individual colleges and schools based on the following criteria: teaching excellence in lectures, laboratories, and/or clinical settings; support of student learning and development outside of traditional venues, such as by counseling, advising of specialty clubs, and so on (extracurricular activities); and character and leadership. Students, peers, and administrators provide input into the various criteria. Each of the 28 colleges or schools of veterinary medicine in the United States is invited to submit the dossier of their awardee to a national selection committee sponsored by the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges (AAVMC). It gives me great pleasure to note that the committee has awarded the 2008 Pfizer Teaching Award to Dr. Bonnie Smith, Associate Professor of Anatomy, Embryology, and Physiology at the Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine (VMRCVM) at Virginia Tech. Dr. Smith began her faculty service at VMRCVM in 1991, and previous to that spent four years on the faculty at North Carolina State University. Her ability to make a positive impact in the lives of students and their learning has become legendary over the years. Likewise, as a member of the Curriculum Board (Committee) and serving on various course design teams, Dr. Smith has been a steadying force in guiding the curriculum through various iterations. Helping students and faculty keep a sense of balance throughout these changes has been one of her major contributions. As a testament to her long-term teaching excellence, Dr. Bonnie Smith has received at least 22 different awards and citations for teaching excellence, two of which came very early in her career while she was at North Carolina State University. Most notable among these many awards is the fact that she is now a three-time recipient of the Pfizer Teaching Award. Dr. Smith has also been nominated by Student AVMA for a Teaching Excellence Award in Basic Sciences and has received an Honorable Mention, Teacher of the Year Award from the AVMA. Additionally, she has received an Alumni Teaching Award and a University Award for Teaching Excellence, and she has been elected to the Virginia Tech Academy of Teaching Excellence. Each of these three awards recognizes the best educators on Virginia Tech's faculty. Students have been very articulate in their praise of Dr. Smith's teaching. The comments received include "She has developed a unique teaching style that infuses traditional lectures with her unrelenting energy while never sacrificing content or complexity" and "She approaches the material from many angles, with clear verbalization of concepts, creatively utilizing stories and metaphors for clarification." Finally, a very fitting comment that illustrates her impact on her students: "Outside the classroom, Dr. Smith also influences many of us by serving as a strong female role model. In the face of life's hardships, she perseveres with an unshakably positive spirit. She encourages us to excel in all we do within the walls of our school and in our own lives." Peers have likewise been most complimentary of Dr. Smith's abilities as an educator. Examples from her nomination packet include the following: "Dr. Smith is truly a Master Teacher of the college. She has consistently demonstrated exemplary qualities of teaching, dedication and work ethic. She has received every teaching award the College has to offer and is consistently recognized by students, peers and the University" and "She epitomizes the qualities we have come to associate with teaching excellence. First and foremost is her dedication and c

  2. Team Teaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cunningham, David C.

    1963-01-01

    A study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of principals in structuring teaching teams; to assess background and personality characteristics appearing essential to successful individual and team performance; and to select personality factor scores which would predict individual and team success. Subjects were 31 teaching teams (99…

  3. Teaching Ideas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Middleton, Kathleen, Ed.

    1979-01-01

    Ideas to aid the classroom teacher include integration of emphasis on reading into health education; definitions pertinent to contemporary health education; teaching students to read food labels; identification of implications of scientific advances such as test tube reproduction; and a card game to teach food groups to middle school children.…

  4. Teaching Grammar

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crawford, William J.

    2013-01-01

    Grammar is a component in all language skills: reading, writing, speaking, and listening. Teachers need to know rules of grammar (teacher knowledge) as well as techniques that help students use grammar effectively and effortlessly (teaching knowledge). Using reflective practice to help teachers become comfortable with teaching grammar, this…

  5. Multidimensional Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berry, Robert Q., III; Ellis, Mark W.

    2013-01-01

    Multidimensional mathematics teaching, as discussed in this article encourages the use of context in mathematics teaching and learning to help teachers better recognize and build upon the cultural and social resources students bring to the classroom. Such efforts can impact students' performance and can help students make sense of decisions…

  6. Teaching Vocabulary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lessard-Clouston, M.

    2013-01-01

    Vocabulary is central to English language teaching. Without sufficient vocabulary, students cannot understand others or express their own ideas. Teachers who find the task of teaching English vocabulary a little daunting are not alone! This book presents important issues from recent vocabulary research and theory so that teachers may approach…

  7. The Relationship between Approaches to Teaching, Approaches to E-Teaching and Perceptions of the Teaching Situation in Relation to E-Learning among Higher Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonzalez, Carlos

    2012-01-01

    This study extends prior research on approaches to teaching and perceptions of the teaching situation by investigating these elements when e-learning is involved. In this study, approaches to teaching ranged from a focus on the teacher and the taught content to a focus on the student and their learning, resembling those reported in previous…

  8. Handbook of College Science Teaching

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2006-01-01

    Are you still using 20th century techniques to teach science to 21st century students? Update your practices as you learn about current theory and research with the authoritative new Handbook of College Science Teaching . The Handbook offers models of teaching and learning that go beyond the typical lecture-laboratory format and provides rationales for new practices in the college classroom. The 38 chapters--each written by experienced, award-winning science faculty--are organized into eight sections: ? Attitudes and motivations (including research on science anxiety) ? Active learning ? Factors affecting learning ? Innovative teaching approaches (such as the use of primary literature, fieldwork, and inquiry labs) ? Use of technology for both teaching and student research ? Special challenges, such as teaching effectively to culturally diverse or learning disabled students ? Pre-college science instruction ? Improving instruction No other book fills the Handbook's unique niche as a definitive guide for science professors in all content areas. It even includes special help for those who teach non-science majors at the freshman and sophomore levels. The Handbook is ideal for graduate teaching assistants in need of a solid introduction, senior faculty and graduate coordinators in charge of training new faculty and grad students, and mid-career professors in search of reinvigoration.

  9. Preservice Elementary Teachers’ Beliefs About Science Teaching

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ozgul Yilmaz-Tuzun

    2008-01-01

    In this study, a Beliefs About Teaching (BAT) scale was created to examine preservice elementary science teachers’ self-reported\\u000a comfort level with both traditional and reform-based teaching methods, assessment techniques, classroom management techniques,\\u000a and science content. Participants included 166 preservice teachers from three different US universities. Analyses revealed\\u000a significant correlations among participants’ confidence level with assessment techniques, classroom management, teaching methods,

  10. Welding. Performance Objectives. Basic Course.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vincent, Kenneth

    Several intermediate performance objectives and corresponding criterion measures are listed for each of eight terminal objectives for a basic welding course. The materials were developed for a 36-week (2 hours daily) course developed to teach the fundamentals of welding shop work, to become familiar with the operation of the welding shop…

  11. Calorie Content Active Learning Activity

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ron Gerrits (Milwaukee School of Engineering; )

    2007-01-01

    An activity designed to be a student-centered learning activity that helps teach students how the structure of ingestible molecules correlates with their energy content. The associated handout is designed as a reference to explain why the relationship between structure and energy content exists.

  12. Teaching Language Minority Students through the Newspapers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olivares, Rafael; Lisi-Pawlak, Clorinda

    The newspaper can be a stimulating and effective teaching resource in the English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) classroom, bilingual classroom, or any class with limited-English-proficient (LEP) students. ESL teachers can use English-language newspapers to teach both basic language skills and content areas (math, science, social studies). Mainstream…

  13. Preservice Elementary Teachers' Beliefs about Science Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yilmaz-Tuzun, Ozgul

    2008-01-01

    In this study, a Beliefs About Teaching (BAT) scale was created to examine preservice elementary science teachers' self-reported comfort level with both traditional and reform-based teaching methods, assessment techniques, classroom management techniques, and science content. Participants included 166 preservice teachers from three different US…

  14. Research on the Embedded System Teaching

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wang Ping; Xihua Uiversity

    2008-01-01

    The paper introduces the purpose and signification of the course of embedded system, and then expounds the main teaching content of embedded system which students must learn, such as the structure of hardware, boot loader and device driver, embedded real-time operation system, debug method for embedded system, the application program of embedded system, etc. We teach the experiment of embedded

  15. Teaching Metacognition

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Marsha Lovett

    This webpage features resources associated with the 2008 Educause Learning Initiative annual meeting session on Teaching Metacognition. It includes links to Marsha Lovett's powerpoint slides and a video of her presentation. The presentation describes effective methods of teaching students: (1) that their ability to learn is mutable, (2) how to plan and set goals for their learning, and (3) how to self-monitor their learning and make adjustments when necessary. The presentation also describes gains in student learning resulting from teaching these metacognitive skills in first-year science courses.

  16. Enriching Learners' Language Production through Content-Based Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Renner, Christopher E.

    It is argued that content-based teaching effectively teaches language skills while supporting development of critical thinking, intercultural communication, and student participation. The content provides cognitive and conceptual links needed for naturalistic language learning, and student participation in selection of content increases…

  17. Teaching English as a Foreign Language in China.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keqiang, Wang

    1986-01-01

    The history and current status of teaching English as a foreign language (TEFL) in China, including problems, solutions, and overall objectives of TEFL, are discussed as well as teaching methods used in middle schools, colleges, and universities. (Author/CB)

  18. Project Approach: Teaching. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ho, Rose

    The primary objective of the action research chronicled (in English and Chinese) in this book was to shift the teaching method used by preschool teachers in Hong Kong from a teacher-directed mode by training them to use the Project Approach. The secondary objective was to measure children's achievement while using the Project Approach, focusing on…

  19. Toolbox Learning Object Repository

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Toolbox Repository is a bank of learning objects available for teachers and trainers to download for free use with their learners. Learning objects are small chunks of e-learning content for easy download and delivery. Over 1500 learning objects supporting a range of industries, training packages and competency units are currently available in the repository. Learning objects range in size with some supporting units of competency and others at task level supporting one or more performance criteria. All of these learning objects provide the same type of engaging e-learning found in Toolboxes. Content is available for over 500 competencies and many of these learning objects can be adapted for use in different industry settings. Subject areas include: Manufacturing, Engineering, Electro-technology, Alternative Energy, Information Technology Training and Assessment, Laboratory Operations and Telecommunications.

  20. Consonance and Dissonance in Descriptions of Teaching of University Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Postareff, Liisa; Katajavuori, Nina; Lindblom-Ylanne, Sari; Trigwell, Keith

    2008-01-01

    Studies on teachers' approaches to teaching have identified two qualitatively different categories of approaches. The learning-focused approach is about teaching as facilitating students' learning and learning as knowledge construction, while the content-focused approach concerns teaching as transmission of knowledge and learning as absorbing the…

  1. Graduate Students' Perspectives on Effective Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Lilian H.

    2014-01-01

    This study employed data collected over an 8-year period in which graduate students' perspectives on effective teaching were collected during a class exercise. The data were organized into three categories: (a) "teaching competence" (knowledge of content and teaching), (b) "relationships with students" (having the best…

  2. Effective Evaluation of Teaching: A Guide for Faculty and Administrators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kite, Mary E., Ed.

    2012-01-01

    This book compiles several essays about effective evaluation of teaching. Contents of this publication include: (1) Conducting Research on Student Evaluations of Teaching (William E. Addison and Jeffrey R. Stowell); (2) Choosing an Instrument for Student Evaluation of Instruction (Jared W. Keeley); (3) Formative Teaching Evaluations: Is Student…

  3. Critical Values and Transforming Data: Teaching Statistics with Social Justice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lesser, Lawrence M.

    2007-01-01

    Despite the dearth of literature specifically on teaching statistics using social justice, there is precedent in the more general realm of teaching using social justice, or even in teaching mathematics using social justice. This article offers an overview of content examples, resources, and references that can be used in the specific area of…

  4. Teach Astronomy: An Online Resource for Introductory Astronomy Courses and Informal Learners

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Austin, Carmen; Impey, C. D.; Hardegree-Ullman, K.; Patikkal, A.; Ganesan, N.

    2013-01-01

    Teach Astronomy (www.teachastronomy.com) is a new, free online resource—a teaching tool for non-science major astronomy courses and a reference guide for lifelong learners interested in the subject. Digital content available includes: a comprehensive introductory astronomy textbook by Chris Impey, Wikipedia astronomy articles, images from Astronomy Picture of the Day archives and AstroPix database, two to three minute topical video clips by Chris Impey, podcasts from 365 Days of Astronomy archives, and an RSS feed of astronomy news from Science Daily. Teach Astronomy features an original technology called the Wikimap to cluster, display, and navigate site search results. Motivation behind the development of Teach Astronomy includes steep increases in textbook prices, the rapid adoption by students and the public of digital resources, and the modern capabilities of digital technology. Recent additions to Teach Astronomy include: AstroPix images—from some of the most advanced observatories and complete with metadata, mobile device functionality, links to WikiSky where users can see the location of astronomical objects in the sky, and end of chapter textbook review questions. Next in line for development are assignments for classroom use. We present suggestions for utilizing the rich content and features of the web site.

  5. Teaching Politics: Techniques & Technologies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ball, William J.

    1999-01-01

    Published by Dr. William J. Ball, an Assistant Professor of Political Science at The College of New Jersey, Teaching Politics: Techniques & Technologies commits itself to "increasing the quality of teaching and learning about politics in higher education settings." This site functions as a pedagogical information center for political science instructors. Teaching Politics' nine content sections provide educators with a variety of resources for and about instruction, including sections devoted to Conference Papers, Book Reviews, video tours and descriptions of Multimedia Classrooms, The Guide to Teaching, The Web Crawler (a local area search engine that indexes over 5000 political science Web pages), and the H-Teachpol Discussion List--a listserv for post-secondary political science instructors (discussed in the February 28, 1997 issue of the Scout Report). Users should note that most conference papers posted at the site are in Adobe Portable Document Format (.pdf) and many of the papers are accompanied by audio and video presentations which require RealPlayer. The video tours of the multimedia classrooms require RealPlayer as well.

  6. Using Drama in Thematic Teaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kanas, Elaine

    1997-01-01

    Describes and outlines dramatic elements (character, character objectives, conflict, costumes, and "performance" rather than "production") that help students gain understanding of historical, social, and literary content. (SR)

  7. Teaching 2.0: (re)learning to teach online

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shawn Michael Bullock

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to document and analyse the author's first two years of developing a pedagogy that meaningfully incorporates the content creation and social collaboration functions of digital technologies. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This paper uses self-study methodology to describe, interpret, and challenge excerpts from the author's teaching journal to develop warranted assertions for how and why

  8. [Teaching of infectious diseases in medical degree studies].

    PubMed

    Gudiol Munté, Francesc; Hernández Quero, José; Moreno Guillén, Santiago; Pahissa Berga, Albert; de la Torre Cisneros, Julián

    2008-12-01

    The teaching of the infectious diseases in the Bachelor of Medicine degree consists of activities aimed at providing the student with levels of competence in this area (knowledge, abilities, attitudes) appropriate for a general physician, and to give them a solid base to achieve the skills and abilities for becoming a specialist in this area. Currently, the location, the amount and quality of infectious diseases studies in the Bachelor of Medicine degree are very disparate between the different Spanish Medical Schools. The incorporation into the European Higher Education Area, with the necessary adaptation of curricula, will enable the contents and the teaching objectives in this field to be better defined. The latest document from the Medical Schools Deans Conference clearly identifies the studies of the infectious diseases into the Medical Diseases module and in the area of human clinical training. In our opinion, infectious diseases must be considered as a major subject, preferably in the second semester of the fifth year, and having a minimum of 6 and a maximum of 9 ECTS, theoretical and practical, distributed equally among attendance, part-attendance and self-teaching credits. Infectious diseases pathology must be horizontally integrated with most of the other subjects in the clinical module and vertically integrated with the subject of microbiology. The coordination and most of the teaching of the credits in the infectious diseases subject must be done by specialists with clinical activity in infectious diseases. PMID:19195466

  9. Teaching of public health ethics in India: a mapping exercise.

    PubMed

    Pati, Sanghamitra; Sharma, Anjali; Zodpey, Sanjay

    2014-01-01

    Public health ethics has been receiving increasing attention in recent years. Frequently, public health practitioners have to confront complex decisions, with numerous and often conflicting ethical implications. The objective of this study was to obtain information on the teaching of public health ethics in India by making a detailed examination of the public health and community medicine curricula. The specific areas of interest included the content and structure of the courses and electives available to students. The results of this study indicate that ethics courses are yet to find their rightful place in the teaching of public health in India. The curricula vary across institutes in terms of the time and content devoted to the teaching of public health ethics. It is suggested that public health programmes in India develop and incorporate ethics courses so as to keep pace with the emerging challenges in the field. An interdisciplinary consortium should preferably be formed at the national level to take up this academic endeavour. PMID:25101549

  10. Teaching Social Studies through Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massalias, Byron G.; And Others

    1978-01-01

    Suggests ways to use eight literary works in social studies teaching. Works include Sophocles'"Antigone," Shikibu's "The Tale of Genji," Austen's "Pride and Prejudice," Tolstoy's "War and Peace," Camus'"The Stranger," and Ellison's "The Invisible Man." Analyzes each work's theme, content, and style; relationship to social studies issues; and…

  11. Teaching Soft Skills Employers Need

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellis, Maureen; Kisling, Eric; Hackworth, Robbie G.

    2014-01-01

    This study identifies the soft skills community colleges teach in an office technology course and determines whether the skills taught are congruent with the soft skills employers require in today's entry-level office work. A qualitative content analysis of a community college office technology soft skills course was performed using 23 soft…

  12. Teaching with Newspapers (Third Edition).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gunn, Angus M.

    Student materials, teaching suggestions, and resource lists for using newspapers in various content areas in elementary and junior high schools are presented. The first section provides an overview of a newspaper by having students identify items on the first page, reply to a "Dear Abby" letter, analyze a photograph, examine a ski report, and…

  13. On Teaching Biotechnology in Kentucky.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Dan C.; Kemp, Michael C.; Hall, Jennifer

    1998-01-01

    One study surveyed 187 Kentucky teachers (36% agriculture, 32% science, 32% technology education); they rated importance of content organizers, topics, transferable skills, and delivery methods for biotechnology. A second study received responses from 70 of 150 teachers; 45 thought science teachers or an integrated team should teach biotechnology;…

  14. TeachMeFinance.com

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    TeachMeFinance.com is a clearly written educational guide to financial concepts by Mark McCracken. Contents span the time value of money, annuities, perpetuities, interest rates, probability, and stock valuation, among others, and a question and answer section allows students to test their knowledge or share comments and questions by email.

  15. Strategies for Teaching Managerial Communication.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hynes, Geraldine E.

    2002-01-01

    Offers suggestions for course content and teaching methods for a graduate managerial communication course. Discusses course topics and course methods. Describes three assignments and exercises that demonstrate how to apply andragogical strategies that include: memo makeover; diversity game; and voting for dollars. (SG)

  16. Teaching the trauma teachers: an international review of the Advanced Trauma Life Support Instructor Course

    PubMed Central

    Kilroy, Darren A

    2007-01-01

    Objectives To identify educational variations between Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) Instructor Courses in the UK, USA and Australia, to determine the impact of any such variations, and to consider their contributory role in future course development. Methods Observational, participatory qualitative study of ATLS Instructor Courses held in three representative teaching centres in 2006 and 2007. Results Each international territory has developed individual approaches to the teaching of common course content. These approaches have a variable impact upon the educational efficacy of the course. Conclusions Observation of educational practice in international course centres allows for a richer understanding of the nature and extent of variations in teaching methods and course organisation. The amalgamation of these variations will facilitate a more inclusive international common platform for the 8th edition Instructor Course. PMID:17582034

  17. Teaching plastic surgery from different perspectives.

    PubMed

    Cable, Christian; Chong, Tae; Pratt, Daniel D

    2012-06-01

    Just as everyone has a different learning style, teachers too approach the task from different perspectives. There are five basic teaching perspectives or styles: transmission, apprenticeship, developmental, nurturing, and social justice. The acronym BIAS is useful to describe the beliefs, intentions, assessments, and strategies associated with each perspective. The authors present a hypothetical 1-week rotation in plastic and reconstructive surgery in which a student encounters instructors who embody the five basic teaching perspectives. By presenting these perspectives, the authors introduce valuable teaching techniques that can benefit all those charged with the education of learners along the spectrum from premedical to continuing education venues. Educational objectives include the following: (1) explain and illustrate different approaches to effective teaching in plastic surgery; (2) introduce readers to the Teaching Perspectives Inventory as a means of determining their primary teaching style; and (3) argue for a "plurality of the good" in teaching. PMID:22634660

  18. Discussion on Reformation of Biotechnological Pharmacy Experimental Teaching

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wen, Zhang; Yanjun, Li; Qiao, Zeng

    This article constructs a "comprehensive-designable-innovation" multi-level experimental teaching model, through integrating related disciplines courses, updating biopharmaceutical experiment teaching content, adding designing and innovation experiment item. During the teaching, the teacher mobilizes and stimulates the students' learning interest, enthusiasm and initiative fully by adopting the opening experiment teaching mode. The experiment not only consolidates the students' theory knowledge, makes them master the basic skills of biological pharmacy experiment, but also cultivates the students' independent innovating and independent ability.

  19. More Than a Native Speaker: An Introduction for Volunteers Teaching Abroad.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snow, Don

    The guide is designed to orient volunteers teaching English as a Second Language (ESL) overseas to the experience of teaching in this context and the processes of preparing for teaching and addressing classroom issues. An introductory chapter looks at the typical volunteer teaching environment and previews the guide's content. Chapters 1-6 focus…

  20. Review of "ToP" Teaching Strategies: Links to Students' Scientific Inquiry Skills Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomcho, Thomas J.; Foels, Rob; Rice, Diana; Johnson, Jeremy; Moses, Tad P.; Warner, Douglas J.; Wetherbee, Rebecca; A. Amalfi, Tiffany

    2008-01-01

    A major function of instruction in psychology is to convey complex phenomena in a manner accessible to students. Instructors using well-designed teaching activities can help to make complex material accessible. We content analyzed teaching activities reported in the first 33 years of "Teaching of Psychology." We identified 15 general teaching

  1. The research of teaching reform on Ergonomics course for environmental art design specialty

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lu Na

    2010-01-01

    The teaching theory content and the methods of Ergonomics course were improved, which were based on teaching system and the characteristics of environmental art design specialty. With analysing the importance of Ergonomics course in environmental art design specialty, the status was concluded that current teaching was lack of complete practical process and arrangement of individualized instruction. The teaching effects can

  2. Multimedia content description framework

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bergman, Lawrence David (Inventor); Kim, Michelle Yoonk Yung (Inventor); Li, Chung-Sheng (Inventor); Mohan, Rakesh (Inventor); Smith, John Richard (Inventor)

    2003-01-01

    A framework is provided for describing multimedia content and a system in which a plurality of multimedia storage devices employing the content description methods of the present invention can interoperate. In accordance with one form of the present invention, the content description framework is a description scheme (DS) for describing streams or aggregations of multimedia objects, which may comprise audio, images, video, text, time series, and various other modalities. This description scheme can accommodate an essentially limitless number of descriptors in terms of features, semantics or metadata, and facilitate content-based search, index, and retrieval, among other capabilities, for both streamed or aggregated multimedia objects.

  3. An exploration for research-oriented teaching model in biology teaching.

    PubMed

    Xing, Wanjin; Mo, Morigen; Su, Huimin

    2014-07-01

    Training innovative talents, as one of the major aims for Chinese universities, needs to reform the traditional teaching methods. The research-oriented teaching method has been introduced and its connotation and significance for Chinese university teaching have been discussed for years. However, few practical teaching methods for routine class teaching were proposed. In this paper, a comprehensive and concrete research-oriented teaching model with contents of reference value and evaluation method for class teaching was proposed based on the current teacher-guiding teaching model in China. We proposed that the research-oriented teaching model should include at least seven aspects on: (1) telling the scientific history for the skills to find out scientific questions; (2) replaying the experiments for the skills to solve scientific problems; (3) analyzing experimental data for learning how to draw a conclusion; (4) designing virtual experiments for learning how to construct a proposal; (5) teaching the lesson as the detectives solve the crime for learning the logic in scientific exploration; (6) guiding students how to read and consult the relative references; (7) teaching students differently according to their aptitude and learning ability. In addition, we also discussed how to evaluate the effects of the research-oriented teaching model in examination. PMID:25076039

  4. A Different Way of Viewing History Teaching: Balancing Competing Intellectual Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neumann, Dave

    2010-01-01

    With state content standards always looming in the background, history teachers express concern about "covering the curriculum." And, many history teachers say they have to abandon teaching the "fun stuff" in order to teach state-mandated content. While teaching challenges do entail practical considerations, this article argues that teachers gain…

  5. Personal Ad Content Analysis Teaches Statistical Applications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rajecki, D. W.

    2002-01-01

    Focuses on an undergraduate student project which asked students to write a paper based on their examination of age preferences indicated by writers of personal advertisements appearing in newspapers. Reports on the student responses to this project using a questionnaire. Examines the student scores on the final examination for the course. (CMK)

  6. Teaching for Content: Greek Mythology in French.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giauque, Gerald S.

    An intermediate-level university French course in Greek mythology was developed to (1) improve student skills in reading, writing, speaking, and comprehending French, (2) familiarize students with Greek mythology, and (3) prepare students to deal better with allusions to Greek mythology in French literature. The texts used are a French translation…

  7. How Does Inquiry-Based Instruction Affect Teaching Majors' Views about Teaching and Learning Science?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanger, Michael J.

    2008-01-01

    A previous study showed that elementary teaching majors enrolled in an inquiry-based physical science course developed chemistry content knowledge comparable to that of students enrolled in traditional lecture-based courses. This current study compares the views of these elementary teaching majors regarding how chemistry is taught and learned to…

  8. Teaching Excellence, Teaching Expertise, and the Scholarship of Teaching

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carolin Kreber

    2002-01-01

    The previous decade witnessed significant advancements in the scholarship of teaching at the levels of both theory building and program development. Notwithstanding these achievements, there remains considerable ambiguity regarding the meaning of the concept. This ambiguity has implications for faculty evaluation. Excellence in teaching, expertise in teaching, and the scholarship of teaching are analyzed according to the nature and sources

  9. Medicalization of pharmacology teaching: an urgent need in the medical curriculum.

    PubMed

    Rodriguez, Rodolfo; Vidrio, Horacio; Campos-Sepulveda, Efrain

    2009-01-01

    Information overload, proliferation of new drugs and curricular reforms have been recognized as three of the major factors contributing to the insufficient pharmacological education of medical students. To remedy this situation, it has been recommended that a curriculum more selective in knowledge content coupled with a restricted list of drugs be developed. Based on our own teaching experience, common educational objectives, competencies to be achieved, profiles of morbidity and mortality of the Mexican population, and knowledge of the literature, we have identified what should constitute the core content of pharmacology courses in medical schools. Selected themes were grouped in three categories and the number of drugs that undergraduate medical students have to manage is limited to 139. We have developed a concrete, medicine-focused, core pharmacology program dealing with themes and drugs that will best constitute the primary teaching/learning material for undergraduate medical students. PMID:22128440

  10. Teaching and learning apheresis medicine: The Bermuda Triangle in Education.

    PubMed

    Crookston, Kendall P; Richter, Deana M

    2010-01-01

    Apheresis Medicine has evolved markedly due to an explosion of knowledge and technology, whereas the time available for training has shrunk as curricula have become increasingly overloaded. Apheresis teaching has inherited a strong clinical context where real patient problems are used in a hands-on environment. To optimize instruction, those involved in the education of apheresis professionals need to have (1) knowledge of how clinical laboratory medicine education has developed as a field, (2) an understanding of what is known from theory and research about how people learn, and (3) the skills to design teaching/learning activities in ways consistent with literature-based principles of adult education. These developments in education provide a context for curriculum projects currently underway by the American Society for Apheresis. Teachers must determine which competencies are central to the essence of a trained professional. Specific, robust, learning objectives targeted toward the development of higher levels of thinking, professional attitudes, and requisite skills are formulated to guide the learner toward mastering those competencies. Curriculum is developed for each objective, consisting of content and the best teaching/learning methods to help learners attain the objective. Appropriate assessment strategies are identified to determine whether the objective is being achieved. The integration of objectives, curriculum, and assessment creates The Bermuda Triangle of Education (Richter, The Circle of Learning and Bermuda Triangle in Education, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, 2004). When educators do not effectively navigate The Bermuda Triangle of Education, learning may disappear into the murky depths of confusion and apathy. When successfully navigated, the result will be a significant learning experience that leads to transformation through education. PMID:20824624

  11. Whiteboard documentation through foreground object detection and stroke classification

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. Prabhu; R. P. Kumar; T. Punitha; Raman Srinivasan

    2008-01-01

    Digitization of classroom content has been receiving widespread attention in recent days. The whiteboard\\/blackboard contents are valuable components of classroom contents. Capturing these contents in the presence of foreground objects has been a challenging task. In this paper we propose a model for whiteboard content documentation through foreground object detection. These detected object regions are inpainted with the recent whiteboard

  12. Project: "Teach 'n' Reach" Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kagan, Arleen

    The first of five volumes for Project Teach 'n' Reach, designed to help teachers of grades 1-6 in regular classrooms to teach about various kinds of handicapping conditions, is a teacher's guide. Performance objectives, activities, worksheets, and resources are listed for the use of these teachers in the implementation of their social-science and…

  13. Didactic strategies using simulations for Physics teaching

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Concari; S. Giorgi; C. Cámara; N. Giacosa

    Among the objectives of Physics teaching, in the context of university education, we can point out the use of models and laws to solve problems, the characterization and modelling of the relationships among magnitudes, and the training in abstract thinking and critical reflection. In order to reach these aims, simu- lations are potentially useful in the teaching and learning processes

  14. The Teaching of Mathematics in British Columbia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robitaille, David F.; Sherrill, James M.

    1980-01-01

    Questionnaires administered to 3,500 math teachers explored professional background, learning objectives, classroom organization, teaching techniques, and textbook use. Apparently math teaching has changed little in 15 years; little impact of "new math" was seen. Moreover, teachers considered computational skills and algebraic manipulation as most…

  15. Teaching Energy Awareness. Environmental Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gore, Patrick D.; And Others

    The major objective of the 32 activities in this teaching guide is to make students aware of energy issues. Although the activities are designed for students in grades 4-12, they can be adapted for younger students and for adults. Departing from the standard expository approaches found in most curriculum materials, these teaching strategies…

  16. The Effects of The Content Enhancement Model in College Algebra

    E-print Network

    VanCleave, Janet Milleret

    2010-04-26

    The purpose of this study was to investigate The Content Enhancement Model in the field of college algebra in a mid-western community college. The Content Enhancement Model is a teaching technique that teachers use to help students acquire...

  17. Teaching Tips.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journalism Educator, 1981

    1981-01-01

    Four journalism teachers provide information on the use of tape recordings and written transcripts to illustrate the importance of factual accuracy, voluntary participation in a special advertising class, a method of teaching the history of public relations, and the importance of drill work to improve journalists' spelling abilities. (RL)

  18. Teaching Tennis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Breag, Daniel

    2005-01-01

    This article describes an approach to teaching the basic skills of tennis to students in grades 4 and 5. It relates a five-lesson unit suitable to a near-weekly class schedule. The author found it effective when seeing his students as infrequently as once every four days for fifty minutes.

  19. Teaching Green

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waters, John K.

    2011-01-01

    It has been 41 years since the late Wisconsin Senator Gaylord Nelson launched the first nationwide grassroots demonstration on behalf of the environment, known as Earth Day. The event was a national "teach-in" about environmental causes, and it is widely considered the spark that ignited the modern environmental education movement. Within months,…

  20. Teaching Tips.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journalism Educator, 1985

    1985-01-01

    Presents a variety of journalism classroom techniques, including an editing scavenger hunt, a discovery method for compiling news sources, intense instruction in news technology, criteria for evaluating ad copy, a course combining print and broadcast journalism, use of the Teletext, and teaching ad forms for the new media. (HTH)

  1. On Teaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shea, Mary Ann, Ed.

    This collection of lectures includes the following contributions from faculty at the University of Colorado at Boulder: (1) "Aloof Professors and Shy Students" (Patricia Nelson Limerick); (2) "Teaching the Thundering Herd: Surviving in a Large Classroom" (Charles R. Middleton); (3) "The Scientist as a Story Teller" (R. Igor Gamow); (4) "Active…

  2. Reflective Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farrell, Thomas S. C.

    2013-01-01

    Thomas Farrell's "Reflective Teaching" outlines four principles that take teachers from just doing reflection to making it a way of being. Using the four principles, Reflective Practice Is Evidence Based, Reflective Practice Involves Dialogue, Reflective Practice Links Beliefs and Practices, and Reflective Practice Is a Way of Life,…

  3. Teaching Pronunciation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murphy, John

    2013-01-01

    Murphy provides a comprehensive overview of teaching pronunciation with a focus on thought groups and prominence. Understanding thought groups, or how speakers use clusters of words to best fit the communicative situation, is essential for clearer understanding of most components of English pronunciation that are teachable in ESL/EFL classrooms.…

  4. Understanding, Designing, and Teaching LGBT Issues

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Julie Gedro

    2010-01-01

    This article will provide a context as well as content for teaching LGBT issues within HRD. In order to frame both context and content, the article begins with a discussion of queer theory. It then surveys employment laws that protect LGBT people around the world. Because LGBT issues intersect HRM and HRD, and because of the scarcity of LGBT issues

  5. Teaching economic geography in anglophone Canada

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Iain Wallace

    1994-01-01

    A survey of the teaching of the introductory economic geography course in the English?language universities of Canada reveals considerable diversity of course content. Orientations vary from location theory to global system analyses. Students are generally positive about changes in course content that give greater coverage of globalisation, environmental issues and the geography of enterprise. Many instructors note a lack of

  6. Objective structured clinical examination in radiology

    PubMed Central

    Agarwal, Anurag; Batra, Bipin; Sood, AK; Ramakantan, Ravi; Bhargava, Satish K; Chidambaranathan, N; Indrajit, IK

    2010-01-01

    There is a growing need for introducing objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) as a part of radiology practical examinations in India. OSCE is an established, reliable, and effective multistation test for the assessment of practical professional skills in an objective and a transparent manner. In India, it has been successfully initiated and implemented in specialties like pediatrics, ophthalmology, and otolaryngology. Each OSCE station needs to have a pre-agreed “key-list” that contains a list of objective steps prepared for uniformly assessing the tasks given to students. Broadly, OSCE stations are classified as “manned” or “unmanned” stations. These stations may include procedure or pictorial or theory stations with clinical oriented contents. This article is one of a series of measures to initiate OSCE in radiology; it analyzes the attributes of OSCE stations and outlines the steps for implementing OSCE. Furthermore, important issues like the advantages of OSCE, its limitations, a strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) analysis, and the timing of introduction of OSCE in radiology are also covered. The OSCE format in radiology and its stations needs to be validated, certified, and finalized before its use in examinations. This will need active participation and contribution from the academic radiology fraternity and inputs from faculty members of leading teaching institutions. Many workshops/meetings need to be conducted. Indeed, these collaborative measures will effectively sensitize universities, examiners, organizers, faculty, and students across India to OSCE and help successfully usher in this new format in radiology practical examinations. PMID:20607015

  7. Objective structured clinical examination in radiology.

    PubMed

    Agarwal, Anurag; Batra, Bipin; Sood, Ak; Ramakantan, Ravi; Bhargava, Satish K; Chidambaranathan, N; Indrajit, Ik

    2010-05-01

    There is a growing need for introducing objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) as a part of radiology practical examinations in India. OSCE is an established, reliable, and effective multistation test for the assessment of practical professional skills in an objective and a transparent manner. In India, it has been successfully initiated and implemented in specialties like pediatrics, ophthalmology, and otolaryngology. Each OSCE station needs to have a pre-agreed "key-list" that contains a list of objective steps prepared for uniformly assessing the tasks given to students. Broadly, OSCE stations are classified as "manned" or "unmanned" stations. These stations may include procedure or pictorial or theory stations with clinical oriented contents. This article is one of a series of measures to initiate OSCE in radiology; it analyzes the attributes of OSCE stations and outlines the steps for implementing OSCE. Furthermore, important issues like the advantages of OSCE, its limitations, a strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) analysis, and the timing of introduction of OSCE in radiology are also covered. The OSCE format in radiology and its stations needs to be validated, certified, and finalized before its use in examinations. This will need active participation and contribution from the academic radiology fraternity and inputs from faculty members of leading teaching institutions. Many workshops/meetings need to be conducted. Indeed, these collaborative measures will effectively sensitize universities, examiners, organizers, faculty, and students across India to OSCE and help successfully usher in this new format in radiology practical examinations. PMID:20607015

  8. Psychiatrists' Role in Teaching Human Sexuality to Other Medical Specialties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunn, Marian E.; Abulu, John

    2010-01-01

    Objectives: This article addresses the potential role for psychiatrists in teaching sexuality to other medical disciplines. Methods: The authors searched PsycNet and PubMed/MEDLINE for pertinent articles and studies from the period between 1990 and 2009 using the terms human sexuality; teaching human sexuality; teaching methods; education and…

  9. California's Teaching Force 2010: Key Issues and Trends

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for the Future of Teaching and Learning, 2010

    2010-01-01

    For more than a decade, the Center for the Future of Teaching and Learning has supported the Teaching and California's Future (TCF) initiative to provide California policymakers with objective and timely data on the state's teacher workforce. Each year, the Center publishes a report on the status of teaching profession. This year's report focuses…

  10. Teaching Advanced Programming Concepts in Introductory Computing Courses: A

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kleanthis Thramboulidis

    Teaching object-oriented programming in introductory computer courses is still an area not well understood by instructors and teachers. A new approach, quite different from the one used to teach the procedural paradigm, is required. We have developed and used for several years a teaching approach that is greatly influenced by constructivism, which stresses the importance of prior knowledge on top

  11. Using Food Experiences to Reinforce Academic Objectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harms, Thelma; Cryer, Deborah Reid

    The purpose of this manual is to link classroom food experiences for elementary school students to academic objectives in health, reading and language arts, mathematics, science, and social studies. Objectives, grade level, and food experience activities are listed for each lesson, which reinforce academic objectives and teach principles of good…

  12. Pedagogical Issues in Object Orientation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nerur, Sridhar; Ramanujan, Sam; Kesh, Someswar

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the need for people with object-oriented (OO) skills, explains benefits of OO in software development, and addresses some of the difficulties in teaching OO. Topics include the evolution of programming languages; differences between OO and traditional approaches; differences from data modeling; and Unified Modeling Language (UML) and…

  13. Teach Engineering Resources for K-12

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Introducing engineering into the K-12 classroom. K-12 classroom connects science and math concepts to the everyday engineering that surrounds us. This teacher resource, TeachEngineering.org, helps teachers enhance learning, excite students and stimulate interest in science and math through the use of hands-on engineering. The TeachEngineering digital library provides teacher-tested, standards-based engineering content for K-12 teachers engineering content for K12 teachers to use in science and math classrooms. Engineering lessons connect real-world experiences with curricular content already taught in K-12 classrooms. Mapped to educational content standards, TeachEngineering's comprehensive curricula are hands-on, inexpensive, and relevant to children's daily lives.

  14. TeachAstronomy.com - Digitizing Astronomy Resources

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hardegree-Ullman, Kevin; Impey, C. D.; Austin, C.; Patikkal, A.; Paul, M.; Ganesan, N.

    2013-06-01

    Teach Astronomy—a new, free online resource—can be used as a teaching tool in non-science major introductory college level astronomy courses, and as a reference guide for casual learners and hobbyists. Digital content available on Teach Astronomy includes: a comprehensive introductory astronomy textbook by Chris Impey, Wikipedia astronomy articles, images from Astronomy Picture of the Day archives and (new) AstroPix database, two to three minute topical video clips by Chris Impey, podcasts from 365 Days of Astronomy archives, and an RSS feed of astronomy news from Science Daily. Teach Astronomy features an original technology called the Wikimap to cluster, display, and navigate site search results. Development of Teach Astronomy was motivated by steep increases in textbook prices, the rapid adoption of digital resources by students and the public, and the modern capabilities of digital technology. This past spring semester Teach Astronomy was used as content supplement to lectures in a massive, open, online course (MOOC) taught by Chris Impey. Usage of Teach Astronomy has been steadily growing since its initial release in August of 2012. The site has users in all corners of the country and is being used as a primary teaching tool in at least four states.

  15. Co-Teaching and Cognitive Spaces: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Teaching Science to Nonmajors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Flannery, Maura C.; Hendrick, Robert

    This paper describes a course, Science, Technology and the Public in the Nineteenth Century, which is both interdisciplinary and co-taught by a biologist and an historian. The rationale for including social history in such a course is to make nonscience majors more aware of both the process of science and its relationship to society. An example of the social history component of the course is offered in a discussion of Louis Pasteur and his adulation by the French public. Since Pasteur's popularity was based as much on nonscientific as on scientific factors, we use his career to illustrate concepts about science in its cultural context that we want our students to understand. The course's content is then presented with reference to objectives we hope to achieve. Finally we indicate how, with our varied backgrounds, co-teaching this course led to a sharing of our cognitive spaces and how this was a positive experience for both ourselves and our students.

  16. Teaching product development by deterministic design

    E-print Network

    Graham, Marc Miller

    2006-01-01

    The objective of this work was to develop a deterministic design and teaching process for the creation of new products ranging from books, to music, to consumer products. The foundation of the process is the Peer-Review ...

  17. Teaching Ideas: Congressional Reapportionment/Redistricting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmer, Jesse

    1987-01-01

    Offers a lesson which is designed to help twelfth grade American Government students understand the process and dilemmas of congressional reapportionment or redistricting. Includes objectives, teaching procedures and a map of an imaginary state showing districts and their populations. (JDH)

  18. Who Is Teaching Psychopharmacology? Who Should Be Teaching Psychopharmacology?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dubovsky, Steven L.

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To review the current status of psychopharmacology education for medical students, residents, and practitioners in psychiatry and other specialties. Methods: A search of the MEDLINE and PsychInfo data bases was conducted using four keywords: pharmacology, psychopharmacology, teaching, and student. Additional references were obtained…

  19. Teaching War Literature, Teaching Peace

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powers, Janet M.

    2007-01-01

    This article explores literature taught in three different courses and the peace education approaches used for each, including epics in literature courses, Vietnam War literature, and literature of anger and hope. The author recommends the teaching of war literature as an essential part of a peace education curriculum. Devastating events such as…

  20. Teaching Writing/Teaching Literature.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moran, Charles

    Believing that a course in the novel ought to include the making of prose as well as its analysis, a college English instructor altered his teaching strategy by treating both the novel author and his students as writers. Prior to studying a particular novel, the instructor gave students an assignment that would involve a particular literary…

  1. Nursing Objects Library

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Created and maintained by Mesa Community College this large collection of material offers hands on tools and learning objects and would be of great use to nursing faculty, staff and students alike. The easy to navigate site is well organized with a topical set of links including assessments, systems, concepts, disciplines, basics and pharmacology. There is also a search box which remains displayed no matter where a user roams on the site. By navigating through the menu and choosing from topical areas like hematology, cardiac or neurological, users can then go on to explore case studies, assessments, diagnostic tools, patient teaching and much more.

  2. Teaching Astronomy with Technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Austin, Carmen; Impey, Chris David; Wenger, Matthew

    2015-01-01

    Students today are expected to have access to computers and the Internet. Students young and old, in school and out of school, are interested in learning about astronomy, and have computers to use for this. Teach Astronomy is a website with a comprehensive digital astronomy textbook freely available to students and educators. In addition to the textbook, there are astronomy Wikipedia articles, image archives from Astronomy Picture of the Day and AstroPix, and video lectures covering all topics of astronomy. Teach Astronomy has a unique search tool called the wikimap that can be used to search through all of the resources on the site. Astronomy: State of the Art (ASOTA) is a massive, open, online course (MOOC). Over 18,000 students have enrolled over the past year and half. This MOOC has been presented in various forms. First, only to students on the web, with content released weekly on host site Udemy. Then to university students who met formally in the classroom for educational activities, but were also expected to watch lectures online on their own time. Presently, it is available online for students to go at their own pace. In the future it will be available in an extended format on a new host site, Coursera. ASOTA instructors use social media to interact with students. Students ask questions via the course host site, Udemy. Live question and answer sessions are conducted using Google Hangouts on Air, and interesting and relevant astronomy news, or supplementary educational content is shared via the ASOTA Facebook page. Teaching on the Internet may seem impersonal and impractical, but by learning to use all of these tools, instructors have the ability to interact with students, and keep them engaged.

  3. Analysis of Engineering Content within Technology Education Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fantz, Todd D.; Katsioloudis, Petros J.

    2011-01-01

    In order to effectively teach engineering, technology teachers need to be taught engineering content, concepts, and related pedagogy. Some researchers posit that technology education programs may not have enough content to prepare technology teachers to teach engineering design. Certain technology teacher education programs have responded by…

  4. Teaching the Vietnam War in the 1990s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Franklin, H. Bruce

    For an instructor who has been teaching the Vietnam War for over 30 years, the War has been teaching him for even longer. One of the objectives in teaching the Vietnam War in the 1990s is what it meant to teach the Vietnam War in the 1960s. It is easy to forget that the antiwar movement began as an attempt to educate the government and the nation,…

  5. Alternate Methods of Teaching Psychopharmacology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sidney Zisook; Sheldon Benjamin; Richard Balon; Ira Glick; Alan Louie; Christine Moutier; Trenton Moyer; Cynthia Santos; Mark Servis

    2005-01-01

    Objective: This article reviews methods used to teach psycho- pharmacology to psychiatry residents that utilize principles of adult learning, enlist active participation of residents, and pro- vide faculty with skills to seek, analyze, and use new information over the course of their careers. Methods: The pros and cons of five \\

  6. Teaching in a Cold Environment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ewert, Alan

    Instructors who teach outdoors in an environment so cold as to cause injury must satisfy program objectives while avoiding cold injury to themselves and students, help students focus on learning instead of discomfort, and alleviate some students' intense fear of the cold. Dealing with the cold successfully requires a thorough knowledge of:…

  7. Teaching Psychopharmacology: Two Trainees' Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Georgiopoulos, Anna M.; Huffman, Jeff C.

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To describe our experience of learning clinical psychopharmacology during residency, in order to assist educators planning psychopharmacology curricula. Methods: We describe how psychopharmacology teaching was structured in our program, dividing our experience into two phases, early residency (PGY-I and PGY-II) and late residency…

  8. Alternate Methods of Teaching Psychopharmacology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zisook, Sidney; Benjamin, Sheldon; Balon, Richard; Glick, Ira; Louie, Alan; Moutier, Christine; Moyer, Trenton; Santos, Cynthia; Servis, Mark

    2005-01-01

    Objective: This article reviews methods used to teach psychopharmacology to psychiatry residents that utilize principles of adult learning, enlist active participation of residents, and provide faculty with skills to seek, analyze, and use new information over the course of their careers. Methods: The pros and cons of five "nonlecture" methods of…

  9. A Systems Approach to Teaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Robert E.

    The systematic approach to teaching provides a method for the functional organization and development of instruction. This method applies to preparation of materials for classroom use, as well as for print and non-print media. Inputs to the systems approach include well defined objectives, analysis of the intended audience, special criteria…

  10. Teaching Channel

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2013-01-01

    The tagline of Teaching Channel is "Great Teaching. Inspiring Classrooms." Educators from kindergarten to college will find hundreds of resources here, including fact sheets, lesson plans, videos, and blogs to help them in the classroom. First-time visitors will need to fill out a short free registration to get started. After this, users can click on left-hand side of the page to browse through Topics that include planning, class culture, behavior, engagement, and assessment. The materials are also arranged by subject and grade level. The Featured Videos area is a delight as well, as it contains dozens of offerings, such as "Carbon Cycling: Create Your Own Biology Lab" and "Reading Like a Historian." Finally, the high-quality blog posts are thoughtful and erudite, including offerings like "Setting Goals for 2012: Where Do You Start?" and "10 Common Core 'Ah-Ha' Moments."

  11. Are Pediatric Critical Care Medicine Fellowships Teaching and Evaluating Communication and Professionalism?

    PubMed Central

    Turner, David A.; Mink, Richard B.; Lee, K. Jane; Winkler, Margaret K.; Ross, Sara L.; Hornik, Christoph P.; Schuette, Jennifer J.; Mason, Katherine; Storgion, Stephanie A.; Goodman, Denise M.

    2014-01-01

    Objective To describe the teaching and evaluation modalities utilized by pediatric critical care medicine (PCCM) training programs in the areas of professionalism and communication. Design Cross sectional national survey. Setting PCCM fellowship programs. Subjects PCCM program directors. Interventions None. Measurements and Main Results Survey response rate was 67% of program directors in the United States, representing educators for 73% of current PCCM fellows. Respondents had a median of 4 years experience, with a median of 7 fellows and 12 teaching faculty in his/her program. Faculty role modeling or direct observation with feedback were the most common modalities used to teach communication. However, 6 of the 8 (75%) required elements of communication evaluated were not specifically taught by all programs. Faculty role modeling was the most commonly utilized technique to teach professionalism in 44% of the content areas evaluated, and didactics were the technique utilized in 44% of other professionalism content areas. Thirteen of the 16 required elements of professionalism (81%) were not taught by all programs. Evaluations by members of the healthcare team were used for assessment for both competencies. The use of a specific teaching technique was not related to program size, program director experience, or training in medical education. Conclusions A wide range of techniques are currently utilized within PCCM to teach communication and professionalism, but there are a number of required elements that are not specifically taught by fellowship programs. These areas of deficiency represent opportunities for future investigation and improved education in the important competencies of communication and professionalism. PMID:23867427

  12. Machines That Teach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sniecinski, Jozef

    This paper reviews efforts which have been made to improve the effectiveness of teaching through the development of principles of programed teaching and the construction of teaching machines, concluding that a combination of computer technology and programed teaching principles offers an efficient approach to improving teaching. Three different…

  13. Distributed Objects and object persistence Distributed objects

    E-print Network

    Lu, Jianguo

    getAge() throws Throwable; public String getName() throws Throwable; } · Client uses the object just as if it were local public class PersonClient { public static void main(String[] argsStream.readInt(); } public String getName()throws Throwable{ ... } } 6 From the server side

  14. Writing Like a Historian: What Teacher Candidates Should Know and Be Able To Teach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kristie Hotchkiss; Marty Hougen

    2012-01-01

    Literacy skills taught in the elementary grades establish a good foundation but are not adequate for the demands of secondary content curriculum. In history, preservice teachers must be prepared with a solid content base along with the pedagogy for teaching that content. To better teach and enhance student writing, preservice teachers need to learn how to integrate discipline-specific literacy into

  15. Teaching Science Through Inquiry

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Emily Morgan

    2007-01-01

    The word inquiry brings many different ideas to mind. For some teachers, it may evoke fears of giving up control in the classroom or spending countless hours preparing lessons. For others, it may imply losing the focus of instructional objectives while students pursue answers to their own questions. And for many, teaching science through inquiry is perceived as intriguing but unrealistic. But inquiry doesn't have to cause anxiety for teachers. Simply stated, inquiry is an approach to learning that involves exploring the world and that leads to asking questions, testing ideas, and making discoveries in the search for understanding.

  16. Outside the Classroom and beyond Psychology: A Citation Analysis of the Scientific Influence of Teaching Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomcho, Thomas J.; Foels, Rob; Walter, Mark I.; Yerkes, Kyle; Brady, Brittany; Erdman, Molly; Dantoni, Lindsay; Venables, Megan; Manry, Allison

    2015-01-01

    A primary objective for researchers who publish teaching activities and methods in the "Teaching of Psychology" (ToP) is to inform best practices in classroom teaching. Beyond the learning effect in the classroom, these ToP teaching activity and method articles may also have a "scientific" effect that heretofore researchers…

  17. Teaching Research Ethics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Werner, D. Leonard

    1998-01-01

    Discusses the need for education in research ethics, and outlines a course developed for the College of Optometry of the State University of New York. The ten-hour seminar course is required for graduate students. The course outline covers the objectives, processes, basic content, methods of student assessment, and instructional materials. (MSE)

  18. Teaching the Group Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Veninga, Robert; Fredlund, Delphie J.

    1974-01-01

    A description of a group leadership course for nurses concentrating on the use, formation, and dynamics of groups within the context of clinical public health nursing in the community includes objectives and content areas (identifying needs, and considering self-concepts and interpersonal relationships). (AG)

  19. Teaching for Multiple Intelligences in Undergraduate Education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Denny, Margaret

    Multiple intelligences theory has only recently entered the teaching and learning dialogue in education and research. It is argued that despite the rhetoric of a student centred approach, nurse education remains wedded to conventional teaching approaches, which fail to engage with the individual and unwittingly silence the student's voice. This study examines the concept of Multiple Intelligences (MI) and outlines Gardner's contention that the brain functions using eight intelligences, which can be employed to improve learning at an individual level.

  20. A Multi-Level Assessment of a Program to Teach Medical Students to Teach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blatt, Benjamin; Greenberg, Larrie

    2007-01-01

    Few longitudinal programs exist to teach senior students (MS4s) to be teachers, nor have there been any reports of comprehensive program evaluation in this area. The primary objectives of this study were to describe our ongoing faculty development effort and to develop a multi-level program evaluation, using Dixon's model. The TALKS (Teaching and…

  1. Threshold Concepts and Student Engagement: Revisiting Pedagogical Content Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zepke, Nick

    2013-01-01

    This article revisits the notion that to facilitate quality learning requires teachers in higher education to have pedagogical content knowledge. It constructs pedagogical content knowledge as a teaching and learning space that brings content and pedagogy together. On the content knowledge side, it suggests that threshold concepts, akin to a…

  2. Teaching the placement of posterior resin-based composite restorations in Spanish dental schools

    PubMed Central

    Lynch, Christopher; McConnell, Robert; Wilson, Nairn

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: In an area of esthetic dentistry such as posterior composites, in which new materials and techniques are being devolved continuously, it is important to confirm that dental students have a clear understanding of the basic principles of clinical application of this knowledge. Considering that the preparation of dental graduates in Spain may be of interest to competent dental authorities and employers with whom they can work worldwide, this study investigated the teaching of posterior composite restorations in Spanish dental schools. Study design: In late 2009? early 2010, a questionnaire seeking information on the teaching of posterior composites was emailed to the professor responsible for teaching operative dentistry in each of the fifteen dental schools having complete undergraduate dental degree programs in Spain. Results: The response rate was 100%. Most investigated topics did not show noteworthy differences depending on whether the schools were public or private. Variations were found among Spanish dental schools in both the amount and content of the teaching programs concerning posterior composite restorations. Differences were recorded in the teaching of cavity design, contraindications to composite placement, indications for liners and bases, matrix and wedging techniques, composite and bonding systems, light curing and finishing procedures for composite restorations. More consistency was observed in teaching methods of moisture-control, indirect composites and amalgam bonding. Conclusions: As recommended in previously surveyed countries, efforts must be made to promote harmonization of dental curricula to make it easier for graduates to work elsewhere, and to ensure they meet the needs of their patients on entering independent practice. Key words:Aesthetic dentistry, composite restoration, dental education, teaching program, undergraduate dental student. PMID:22322491

  3. Cognitive Objects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hodgkin, Robin A.

    1988-01-01

    Reflecting on obsessional play objects of infants, Hodgkin suggests that a proper understanding of these "transitional" or "cognitive" objects could lead to an educational model of a "learner" involving a number of human competencies, all developing synergistically. Contends that such a model may be truer to life than the more unified and…

  4. Objective lens

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Olczak, Eugene G. (Inventor)

    2011-01-01

    An objective lens and a method for using same. The objective lens has a first end, a second end, and a plurality of optical elements. The optical elements are positioned between the first end and the second end and are at least substantially symmetric about a plane centered between the first end and the second end.

  5. Object identity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Setrag N. Khoshafian; George P. Copeland

    1986-01-01

    Identity is that property of an object which distinguishes each object from all others. Identity has been investigated almost independently in general-purpose programming languages and database languages. Its importance is growing as these two environments evolve and merge.We describe a continuum between weak and strong support of identity, and argue for the incorporation of the strong notion of identity at

  6. Teaching Computational Physics Using Spreadsheets

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jaebong Lee; K. Shin; S. Lee

    2006-01-01

    In recent year, many research groups have been developing spreadsheet program for physics teaching. For example it used to solve Laplace equation1, to visualize potential surface2, and to animate physical contents3. Because Microsoft Excel program is easy to learn, it can apply to many physics problem. And Microsoft® Excel has a Visual Basics for Applications (VBA). ExcelVBA is user-friendly programming

  7. Teaching Physics with Computers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Botet, R.; Trizac, E.

    2005-09-01

    Computers are now so common in our everyday life that it is difficult to imagine the computer-free scientific life of the years before the 1980s. And yet, in spite of an unquestionable rise, the use of computers in the realm of education is still in its infancy. This is not a problem with students: for the new generation, the pre-computer age seems as far in the past as the the age of the dinosaurs. It may instead be more a question of teacher attitude. Traditional education is based on centuries of polished concepts and equations, while computers require us to think differently about our method of teaching, and to revise the content accordingly. Our brains do not work in terms of numbers, but use abstract and visual concepts; hence, communication between computer and man boomed when computers escaped the world of numbers to reach a visual interface. From this time on, computers have generated new knowledge and, more importantly for teaching, new ways to grasp concepts. Therefore, just as real experiments were the starting point for theory, virtual experiments can be used to understand theoretical concepts. But there are important differences. Some of them are fundamental: a virtual experiment may allow for the exploration of length and time scales together with a level of microscopic complexity not directly accessible to conventional experiments. Others are practical: numerical experiments are completely safe, unlike some dangerous but essential laboratory experiments, and are often less expensive. Finally, some numerical approaches are suited only to teaching, as the concept necessary for the physical problem, or its solution, lies beyond the scope of traditional methods. For all these reasons, computers open physics courses to novel concepts, bringing education and research closer. In addition, and this is not a minor point, they respond naturally to the basic pedagogical needs of interactivity, feedback, and individualization of instruction. This is why one can foresee the rapid emergence of computer-assisted education as the legitimate third standard for physics teaching, along with the traditional use of theory and experiment. The following papers give practical examples of physics (or physics-related) concepts which are, or which could be, used in present student courses. We hope that they will exemplify the use of computers for physics teaching (personal computers in particular), and help to illustrate that 'e-science' is becoming a powerful and indispensable new tool for scientific education.

  8. "It's Not Their Job to Share Content": A Case Study of the Role of Senior Students in Adapting Teaching Materials as Open Educational Resources at the University of Cape Town

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hodgkinson-Williams, Cheryl; Paskevicius, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Inspired by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's landmark decision to make its teaching and learning materials freely available to the public as OpenCourseWare (OCW), many other higher education institutions have followed suit sharing resources now more generally referred to as Open Educational Resources (OER). The University of Cape…

  9. This is the first of a series of tutorials that will teach you how to build useful, real-world websites with dynamic content in a fun and easy way, using ASP.NET and C#.

    E-print Network

    and easy way, using ASP.NET and C#. ASP.NET pages can display HTML, collect user to provide an in-depth training in ASP.NET programming. The goal is to walk you with ASP.NET, I recommend the book by Scott Mitchell, SAMS Teach Yourself ASP

  10. A Comparison of Embedded Total Task Instruction in Teaching Behavioral Chains to Massed One-on-One Instruction for Students with Intellectual Disabilities: Accessing General Education Settings and Core Academic Content

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jameson, J. Matt; Walker, Ryan; Utley, Kristen; Maughan, Ryan

    2012-01-01

    This study is a comparison of the embedded instruction of behavioral chains with more traditional (one-on-one massed trials in special education setting) instructional procedures for teaching behavioral chains to students with significant cognitive disabilities. Although embedded instruction has emerged as a promising potential instructional…

  11. UNF graduates of the B.A.E program in Physical Education program will demonstrate mastery of content knowledge and teaching skills through proficiency in course embedded assessments, activities, and critical task assessments. These occur in core, major, a

    E-print Network

    Asaithambi, Asai

    UNF graduates of the B.A.E program in Physical Education program will demonstrate mastery include: Assessment Approaches Program Mission Statement Fdns & Secondary Ed - Physical Education The Physical Education Teacher Program prepares professionals to teach students in K - 12 physical education

  12. UNF graduates of the B.A.E program in Mathematics Education will demonstrate mastery of content knowledge and teaching skills through proficiency on course embedded assessments, activities, and critical task assessments in core, major, and clinical experi

    E-print Network

    Asaithambi, Asai

    . Critical Thinking Skills · Helps students develop concepts through a variety of methods. · Pose critical knowledge and teaching skills through proficiency on course embedded assessments, activities, and critical include: 1. Assignments and formal assessments to demonstrate knowledge. 2. Completion of critical tasks

  13. A Comparison of Three Delivery Systems for a Competency-Based Program to Prepare Preservice Elementary Teachers to Teach Word-Attack, Vocabulary, Comprehension, and Reading in Content Areas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Worthington, James Dunegan

    The three delivery systems investigated in this study included: lecture and large group discussion (LLG); independent-study module (ISM); and structured guidance, peer-group teaching, and small-group discussion (SGD). Fifty-one preservice teachers comprised the sample. All subjects were required to complete the same knowledge-level competencies.…

  14. Teaching Fractions

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Lisa Fazio

    2012-01-01

    This research guide provides suggestions for specialists and teachers looking to improve fraction instruction in their classrooms or schools. The guide starts with ideas for introducing fraction concepts in kindergarten and early elementary school and continues with activities and teaching strategies designed to help older students understand fraction magnitudes and computational procedures involving fractions. It then examines ways of helping students use fractions to solve rate, ratio, and proportion problems. Each recommendation includes a brief summary of supporting research and descriptions of classroom activities that can be used to implement the recommendation.

  15. Enhancing your Teaching and Developing New Leadership: Impact of the On the Cutting Edge Professional Development Program

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Iverson; C. Manduca; J. A. McLaughlin; H. MacDonald

    2005-01-01

    The goal of the On the Cutting Edge faculty professional development program is to improve geoscience education by keeping geoscience faculty up to date with changes in content and teaching methods. Six workshops each year focus on emerging themes in pedagogy and content; teaching upper division courses in the major; course design; teaching, research and career management for early career

  16. Using Entertainment Media to Inform Student Affairs Teaching and Practice Related to Sex and Gender

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Tracy L.

    2004-01-01

    This chapter presents several strategies for teaching about sex and gender using entertainment media and explores critical issues related to content development, the delivery process, and evaluation methods.

  17. Vague objects

    E-print Network

    Ólafur Páll Jónsson

    2001-01-01

    Peter Unger's puzzle, the problem of the many, is an argument for the conclusion that we are grossly mistaken about what kinds of objects are in our immediate surroundings. But it is not clear what we should make of Unger's ...

  18. Trusted Objects

    SciTech Connect

    CAMPBELL,PHILIP L.; PIERSON,LYNDON G.; WITZKE,EDWARD L.

    1999-10-27

    In the world of computers a trusted object is a collection of possibly-sensitive data and programs that can be allowed to reside and execute on a computer, even on an adversary's machine. Beyond the scope of one computer we believe that network-based agents in high-consequence and highly reliable applications will depend on this approach, and that the basis for such objects is what we call ''faithful execution.''

  19. Teaching Teachers to Play and Teach Games

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, Steven; McNeill, Michael; Fry, Joan; Wang, John

    2005-01-01

    This study was designed to determine the extent to which a technical and a tactical approach to teaching a basketball unit to physical education teacher education (PETE) students would each affect their games playing abilities, perceived ability to teach, and approach preference for teaching the game. Pre- and post-unit data were collected through…

  20. Teaching teachers to play and teach games

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven Wright; Michael McNeill; Joan Fry; John Wang

    2005-01-01

    This study was designed to determine the extent to which a technical and a tactical approach to teaching a basketball unit to physical education teacher education (PETE) students would each affect their games playing abilities, perceived ability to teach, and approach preference for teaching the game. Pre- and post-unit data were collected through videotape of half-court games play, questionnaire and

  1. Teaching Physics with Basketball

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chanpichai, N.; Wattanakasiwich, P.

    2010-07-01

    Recently, technologies and computer takes important roles in learning and teaching, including physics. Advance in technologies can help us better relating physics taught in the classroom to the real world. In this study, we developed a module on teaching a projectile motion through shooting a basketball. Students learned about physics of projectile motion, and then they took videos of their classmates shooting a basketball by using the high speed camera. Then they analyzed videos by using Tracker, a video analysis and modeling tool. While working with Tracker, students learned about the relationships between three kinematics graphs. Moreover, they learned about a real projectile motion (with an air resistance) through modeling tools. Students' abilities to interpret kinematics graphs were investigated before and after the instruction by using the Test of Understanding Graphs in Kinematics (TUG-K). The maximum normalized gain or is 0.77, which indicated students' improvement in determining displacement from the velocity-time graph. The minimum is 0.20, which indicated that most students still have difficulties interpreting the change in velocity from the acceleration-time graph. Results from evaluation questionnaires revealed that students also satisfied with the instructions that related physics contents to shooting basketball.

  2. Automatic segmentation of moving objects for video object plane generation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas Meier; King N. Ngan

    1998-01-01

    The new video coding standard MPEG-4 is enabling content-based functionalities. It takes advantage of a prior decomposition of sequences into video object planes (VOPs) so that each VOP represents one moving object. A comprehensive review summarizes some of the most important motion segmentation and VOP generation techniques that have been proposed. Then, a new automatic video sequence segmentation algorithm that

  3. Teaching development in undergraduate and graduate medical education.

    PubMed

    Fox, Geri; Katz, Debra A; Eddins-Folensbee, Florence F; Folensbee, Rowland W

    2007-01-01

    Faculty members from three different institutions, each with long-standing experience teaching development, present strategies for teaching normal development in undergraduate and graduate medical education. This article provides an overview of licensing body requirements, teaching methodology, audiovisual and textbook resources, goals and objectives (knowledge, skills, and attitudes), and sample curricula for teaching human development to medical students, general psychiatry residents, and child and adolescent psychiatry residents. The challenges of teaching development to various groups of trainees with different required course lengths and expected levels of competency, using lifespan and topical approaches, are reviewed. PMID:17141119

  4. Teaching Geology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The study of geology at the University of Colorado has a long and distinguished history, and in recent years they have also become increasingly interested in providing online teaching resources in the field. Educators will be glad to learn about this site's existence, as they can scroll through a list of interactive demonstrations that can be utilized in the classroom. Specifically, these demonstrations include a shaded interactive topographical map of the western United States, a magnetic field of the Earth, and several animated maps of various National Park sites. The site comes to a compelling conclusion with the inclusion of the geology department's slide library, which can be used without a password or registration.

  5. Quality Physical Education: A Commentary on Effective Physical Education Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dyson, Ben

    2014-01-01

    In my commentary in response to the 3 articles (McKenzie & Lounsbery, 2013; Rink, 2013; Ward, 2013), I focus on 3 areas: (a) content knowledge, (b) a holistic approach to physical education, and (c) policy impact. I use the term "quality teaching" rather than "teacher effectiveness." Quality teaching is a term with the…

  6. Student learning and the scholarship of university teaching

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Keith Trigwell; Suzanne Shale

    2004-01-01

    A variety of models of the scholarship of university teaching have been advocated since Boyer first proposed that the scholarship of teaching be considered as one of four forms of scholarship associated with university practices. These models have evolved from theoretical and empirically based analyses, and have as their core value concepts as diverse as reflection, communication, pedagogic content knowledge,

  7. Teaching Introductory Statistics in the Social & Behavioral Sciences Approach & Rationale

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rossi A. Hassad; H. G. Wells

    2003-01-01

    The teaching and learning of introductory statistics in the behavioral sciences continues to generate much debate on content and pedagogy amidst on-going reform. Facilitating change where appropriate also necessitates an understanding of instructors' motivation for their approach. This pilot study explored approaches to teaching introductory statistics, and instructors' rationale for their approach. Emphasis on concept, calculation and both were reported

  8. Teaching About Sound: A Select Historical Examination of Research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Randy McGinnis; J. Steve Oliver

    1998-01-01

    The teaching of the science topic sound, a popular topic in science instruction, is selectively analyzed over the past century using evidence excerpted from a prominent teacher practitioner journal (School Science And Mathematics). Shifting innovative recommendations on how teachers of science should teach the sound topic are identified in the categories of content and pedagogy. Historical connections to the scientific

  9. Teaching Spatial Awareness In Small-Sided Games

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, David; Hannon, James C.; Molina, Sergio

    2015-01-01

    This article supports the use of strategy and tactics at games stage three (how to teach basic offensive and defensive strategy using small-sided games) as a best practices in physical education. Potential learning through game stages three and four (full-sided games) is only possible when teachers have advanced content knowledge to teach the…

  10. Librarian in a Strange Land: Teaching a Freshman Orientation Course

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sarah Blakeslee

    1998-01-01

    The opportunity to teach a three unit general educational freshman orientation class is a dream come true for any instruction librarian. In this article, Blakeslee discusses the chain of events that led to her teaching a general education course, as well as the planning and background of the course, course content, challenges of being a new teacher with little classroom

  11. A narrative analysis of action research on teaching composition

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Katherine Dagmar Strand

    2009-01-01

    The purposes of this content analysis of action research studies on teaching composition are two-fold: to examine action research studies on teaching classroom compositions to learn more about classroom composition pedagogy, including the values and beliefs that shaped the instruction and findings; and secondly, to demonstrate how narrative analysis techniques may help to amalgamate the research and findings of action

  12. Teaching Educational Politics and Policy. UCEA Monograph Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Layton, Donald H., Ed.; Scribner, Jay D., Ed.

    Current and exemplary teaching practices in the politics of education are analyzed and documented. The booklet is comprised of five different articles: "The Politics of Education in the Curriculum of Educational Administration" (Donald H. Layton); "Teaching Politics of Education Course: Content and Topics" (Jay D. Scribner); "What Our Students…

  13. A Narrative Analysis of Action Research on Teaching Composition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strand, Katherine Dagmar

    2009-01-01

    The purposes of this content analysis of action research studies on teaching composition are two-fold: to examine action research studies on teaching classroom compositions to learn more about classroom composition pedagogy, including the values and beliefs that shaped the instruction and findings; and secondly, to demonstrate how narrative…

  14. Siren: Towards Adaptive Serious Games for Teaching Conflict Resolution

    E-print Network

    Togelius, Julian

    Siren: Towards Adaptive Serious Games for Teaching Conflict Resolution Georgios Yannakakis1 at creating an adaptive serious game for teaching conflict resolution, and solve the research issues, and conducted a few pilot studies on key component technologies. Keywords: serious games, procedural content

  15. Implementing the Plan. Competency Based Teaching Materials in Horticulture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Legacy, Jim; And Others

    This competency-based curriculum unit on implementing the landscape plan is one of five developed for classroom use in teaching the landscape/nursery area of horticulture. The seven sections are each divided into teaching content (in a question-and-answer format) and student skills that outline steps and factors for consideration. Topics covered…

  16. Results of the 2010 Survey on Teaching Chemical Reaction Engineering

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silverstein, David L.; Vigeant, Margot A. S.

    2012-01-01

    A survey of faculty teaching the chemical reaction engineering course or sequence during the 2009-2010 academic year at chemical engineering programs in the United States and Canada reveals change in terms of content, timing, and approaches to teaching. The report consists of two parts: first, a statistical and demographic characterization of the…

  17. Models for Improving College Teaching: A Faculty Resource. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Travis, Jon E.

    Based on a longer report with the same title, this digest summarizes what college faculty can do to improve their teaching. It maintains that faculty need to stop viewing college teaching as "covering the content" and start viewing it as "helping students learn." To help faculty achieve such an instructional transformation, numerous faculty…

  18. PROACTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING IN THE AEROSPACE ENGINEERING CURRICULUM 2000

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brian M. Argrow

    2002-01-01

    The inception of the Aerospace Engineering Sciences, Aerospace Engineering Curriculum 2000 provided a unique opportunity to introduce the ProActive Philosophy for Teaching and Learning. The curriculum was reformed both in content and teaching methods. It shifted emphasis from compartmentalized basic science, mathematics, and engineering science courses to those designed to integrate topics, provide hands-on experiential learning, and a renewed focus

  19. Studies in Mathematics Education: The Teaching of Statistics, Volume 7.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morris, Robert, Ed.

    This volume examines the teaching of statistics in the whole range of education, but concentrates on primary and secondary schools. It is based upon selected topics from the Second International Congress on Teaching Statistics (ICOTS 2), convened in Canada in August 1986. The contents of this volume divide broadly into four parts: statistics in…

  20. Teaching Evolution: A Heuristic Study of Personal and Cultural Dissonance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grimes, Larry G.

    2012-01-01

    Darwinian evolution is a robustly supported scientific theory. Yet creationists continue to challenge its teaching in American public schools. Biology teachers in all 50 states are responsible for teaching science content standards that include evolution. As products of their backgrounds and affiliations teachers bring personal attitudes and…

  1. K-8 Educators Perceptions and Preparedness for Teaching Evolution Topics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nadelson, Louis S.; Nadelson, Sandra

    2010-01-01

    Many science education standards mandate teaching evolution concepts in the K-8 curriculum. Yet, not all K-8 certified educators embrace the notion of teaching evolution content Factors influencing K-8 teacher engagement with evolution curriculum include evolution familiarity and personal beliefs conflicts. With this in mind, we investigated the…

  2. Librarians, Libraries, and the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Otto, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Librarians are continually teaching students and faculty how to identify and access learning resources. They teach during individual reference consultations, through presentations to classes, and through library website content they create. Are librarians well prepared to design and deliver well-crafted instruction? Academic librarians have…

  3. Discursive Reconstruction of the Scientific Story in a Teaching Sequence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Badreddine, Zeynab; Buty, Christian

    2011-01-01

    Teaching and learning are time-dependant processes. It can be hypothesised that the content coherence during a teaching sequence is an important factor of learning. In this perspective, it is of great interest to follow the occurrences of a notion and the development of its meanings in the classroom discourse, all along the various sessions of a…

  4. ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING CENTRE

    E-print Network

    Edinburgh, University of

    ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING CENTRE www.ed.ac.uk/english-language-teaching Student Information About the University from a variety of backgrounds and from 120 different countries. The English Language Teaching Centre We are one of the largest university centres for English language teaching and intensive language

  5. Teaching or Learning?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milton, Ohmer

    This article, the 6th in a series of AAHE research reports, summarizes research on teaching and learning. Most studies on teaching methods conclude that there are no significant differences between the various teaching methods and student achievement. The problem with these studies is that they have concentrated on teaching and have ignored…

  6. A Passion for Teaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levine, Sarah L., Ed.; McVay, Scott, Ed.

    This book, celebrating teachers and teaching, contains the artistry and wisdom of 42 teachers who have remained passionate about classroom teaching for many years. Chapter 1, "Beginnings," includes "The First Day of School" (Richard A. Lawson), "Sustaining the Wonder of Teaching" and "Harvest Home," (Bettye T. Spinner), "The Call to Teach,"…

  7. Planning for Success: Optimizing Your Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Frece, Robert

    2010-01-01

    This article outlines a sequential approach to unit and lesson planning for conceptual teaching in general music classes. Guidelines for the writing of well-articulated instructional objectives are provided. Two appendices show models of a unit plan and a lesson plan in which the assessment of objectives is clearly tracked and alternative…

  8. Intimate objects

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph'Jofish' Kaye; Liz Goulding

    2004-01-01

    We present a preliminary and ongoing study into intimate objects: technological devices for maintaining intimacy at a distance. We use the notion of critical technical practice to provide a theoretical framework on which to base our designs, building devices that differ from mass communication devices in three ways: they are for couples in a relationship to communicate with each other,

  9. TRANSPORTATION Objectives

    E-print Network

    Koopman, Philip

    BOMBARDIER TRANSPORTATION Objectives: Challenges: Strategy: Expected Outcomes: l l Create a generic-the-shelf networks l Apply to specially designed safety-critical embedded networks l Lightweight mechanisms for safe operation (FlexRay) commodity networks (Ethernet; WiFi) in critical applicationsl Use of l l l l l l l l l

  10. Some Activities in the Regional Collaborative for Excellence in Science Teaching

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roberts, Jim; Crocker, Betty

    2012-10-01

    Select activities that are ``teacher and student engaging,'' will be presented along with a discussion of the goals and objectives of the program. Science and mathematics teachers are recruited from high minority low socio-economic schools to learn science content in an engaging environment of hands-on activities to develop an understanding of basic chemistry, biological cycles, effective teaching strategies, state standards, and how scientific and technological devices work. Participants are taught how to design 5E lesson plans, design pre and post-tests of lessons, and incorporate research based effective teaching models into their class rooms. Prior Collaborative teachers are recruited to act as participants, recruiters, and as mentor teachers for teachers who are joining each cycle of the program.

  11. Teaching under High-Stakes Testing: Dilemmas and Decisions of a Teacher Educator

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rosemary E. Sutton

    2004-01-01

    In this article, the author reports on the curricular changes and testing focus that have occurred in her teaching since PRAXIS II: Principles of Learning and Teaching (PLT) tests were mandated in Ohio, where she teaches at an urban, open admissions, commuter university. Classroom dilemmas are analyzed as they relate to changes in assessments, curriculum content, and instructional strate- gies

  12. Knowing and Learning Mathematics for Teaching: Proceedings of a Workshop (March 19-21, 1999).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Mathematical Sciences Education Board.

    The Mathematics Teacher Preparation Content Workshop, held March 19-21, 1999, focused on two questions: (1) What is the mathematical knowledge teachers need to know in order to teach well? and (2) How can teachers develop the mathematical knowledge they need to teach well? Chapters include: (1) "Knowledge of Fundamental Mathematics for Teaching"…

  13. Cross-Nation Research into Mutual Recognition of Teaching Qualifications. Final Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Filmer-Sankey, Caroline; Pye, David; Kerr, Karen; Nicholas, Jane; Whitby, Karen; Murphy, Colette; Powell, Robat

    2006-01-01

    In December 2005, the General Teaching Council for Wales, acting on behalf of the General Teaching Councils' (GTCs') Five Nations Group, commissioned the National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER) to conduct research into the contents of the standards and routes to teaching qualifications in the UK nation states and the Republic of…

  14. Occupation-Specific VESL Teaching Techniques. A VESL Staff Development Training Resource Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West, Linda; Wilkinson, Betty

    Materials for a workshop on teaching vocational English as a Second Language (VESL) are gathered. An annotated outline presents the content and sequence of the workshop, including an icebreaker activity, general techniques for teaching occupation-specific vocabulary, sample lesson plans and accompanying instructional materials for teaching

  15. Bewitching Ideas Influence Learning: An Evaluation of an Interdisciplinary Teaching Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nava-Whitehead, Susan M.; Augusto, Kerri W.; Gow, Joan-Beth

    2011-01-01

    This column provides original articles on innovations in case study teaching, assessment of the method, as well as case studies with teaching notes. In this month's issue the authors describe an interdisciplinary approach to case study teaching that addresses the demand to balance the goals of process and content. The case study, Salem's Secrets…

  16. Teaching World History in the Twenty-First Century: A Resource Book

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roupp, Heidi, Ed.

    2009-01-01

    This practical handbook is designed to help anyone who is preparing to teach a world history course--or wants to teach it better. It opens with Peter Stearns's essay "Where Did World History Come From?" and closes with Jerry Bentley's annotated bibliographic guide to the essential content knowledge for teaching world history. In between,…

  17. Excellence in teaching

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2000-01-01

    In November 1999 the Physics department of the University of York achieved a perfect score in the official Subject Review (which was formerly known as the Teaching Quality Assessment). This marked a continuation of the University's success in the TQA process, which measures the quality of teaching in every subject in every UK university. York's Electronics department gained the same maximum score in 1998. The review team examined six aspects of the department's work: curriculum design; teaching, learning and assessment; student progression and achievement; student support; learning resources; and quality management and enhancement. The department had submitted a document in advance of the visit, detailing aims and objectives in each of these areas. The assessors sat in on lectures, laboratory sessions and other activities as part of their audit. Also receiving wide acclaim as one of Europe's best new multimedia products was the Open University's Geology course, which won the `Knowledge and Discovery' category at the EuroPrix awards in November. The course had been redesigned to involve the use of CD-ROM multimedia, to supplement the real geological materials which are sent to students. The disks enable rocks, minerals and fossils to be visualized in three dimensions, students can take `virtual field trips' and an interactive database can be used to explore the Earth's past environments. Coordinated by the European Commission, the EuroPrix multimedia art awards aim to promote the development of multimedia technologies throughout the European Union. The Geology course was found to be one of the best examples of distance learning seen to date and it was highlighted as a model of quality for other institutions to follow, demonstrating the added value which multimedia can bring to complex subjects.

  18. Teaching Computational Physics Using Spreadsheets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Jaebong; Shin, K.; Lee, S.

    2006-12-01

    In recent year, many research groups have been developing spreadsheet program for physics teaching. For example it used to solve Laplace equation1, to visualize potential surface2, and to animate physical contents3. Because Microsoft Excel program is easy to learn, it can apply to many physics problem. And Microsoft® Excel has a Visual Basics for Applications (VBA). ExcelVBA is user-friendly programming tool. Using Excel-VBA and operation with cells, we develop kinds of program about simple harmonic motion, pendulum, satellite orbit, diffraction and so on. We also taught undergraduate students how to program about physics contents using Excel-VBA. We will discuss its’ effect and student’s response. 1. T.T. Crow,”Solution to Laplace’s equation using spreadsheets on personal computer”, Am. J. Phy. 55, 817-823(Sept. 1987) 2. R. J. Beichner, “Visualizing potential surfaces with a spreadsheets”, Phys. Teach. 35, 95-97(Feb. 1997) 3. O. A. Haugland,” Spreadsheet Waves”, Phys. Teach. 37, 14(Jan. 1999) *Supported by the Brain Korea 21 project in 2006

  19. SODA: Smart Objects, Dumb Archives

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nelson, Michael L.; Maly, Kurt; Zubair, Mohammad; Shen, Stewart N. T.

    2004-01-01

    We present the Smart Object, Dumb Archive (SODA) model for digital libraries (DLs). The SODA model transfers functionality traditionally associated with archives to the archived objects themselves. We are exploiting this shift of responsibility to facilitate other DL goals, such as interoperability, object intelligence and mobility, and heterogeneity. Objects in a SODA DL negotiate presentation of content and handle their own terms and conditions. In this paper we present implementations of our smart objects, buckets, and our dumb archive (DA). We discuss the status of buckets and DA and how they are used in a variety of DL projects.

  20. Holograms as Teaching Agents

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Walker, Robin A.

    2013-02-01

    Hungarian physicist Dennis Gabor won the Pulitzer Prize for his 1947 introduction of basic holographic principles, but it was not until the invention of the laser in 1960 that research scientists, physicians, technologists and the general public began to seriously consider the interdisciplinary potentiality of holography. Questions around whether and when Three-Dimensional (3-D) images and systems would impact American entertainment and the arts would be answered before educators, instructional designers and students would discover how much Three-Dimensional Hologram Technology (3DHT) would affect teaching practices and learning environments. In the following International Symposium on Display Holograms (ISDH) poster presentation, the author features a traditional board game as well as a reflection hologram to illustrate conventional and evolving Three-Dimensional representations and technology for education. Using elements from the American children's toy Operation® (Hasbro, 2005) as well as a reflection hologram of a human brain (Ko, 1998), this poster design highlights the pedagogical effects of 3-D images, games and systems on learning science. As teaching agents, holograms can be considered substitutes for real objects, (human beings, organs, and animated characters) as well as agents (pedagogical, avatars, reflective) in various learning environments using many systems (direct, emergent, augmented reality) and electronic tools (cellphones, computers, tablets, television). In order to understand the particular importance of utilizing holography in school, clinical and public settings, the author identifies advantages and benefits of using 3-D images and technology as instructional tools.

  1. Using the Hidden Curriculum to Teach Professionalism in Nursing Students

    PubMed Central

    Karimi, Zohreh; Ashktorab, Tahereh; Mohammadi, Easa; Abedi, Heidar Ali

    2014-01-01

    Background: Professionalism in nursing is critical for creating credibility and a positive image. Objectives: This study was carried out to explain the use of hidden curriculum in teaching professionalism in nursing students. Materials and Methods: This qualitative study was conducted through purposeful sampling strategy by the participation of 32 nursing students. The data were collected by using semi-structured interviews, and this process was continued until achieving data saturation and themes’ emergence. Content analysis method was used for data analysis. Results: Data analysis revealed three main themes: Development of understanding the professionalism elements, Variety of influenceability strategies, and Influenceability to various resources. Each theme consisted of some subthemes. Conclusions: The nursing students learnt the professionalism elements by different methods from different resources through the hidden curriculum. Therefore, exploration of the currently administered hidden curricula is suggested. PMID:24829784

  2. Addition of Functional Content during Core Content Instruction with Students with Moderate Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, Belva C.; Hager, Karen L.; Galloway, Carey Creech

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this investigation was to add functional content during core content instruction of language arts, science, and math. The investigation involved three middle school students with moderate disabilities who participated in the state's alternate assessment. During instruction using a constant time delay procedure to teach required…

  3. Teaching Accessibility Standards to Generation Y Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klitzing, Sandra

    2011-01-01

    The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 mandated that facilities and programs are accessible, so people with disabilities can be included in all aspects of community life including recreation (Dattilo, 2002). Understanding accessibility standards is not an easy task. Educators are faced with the challenge of teaching technical content,…

  4. Teaching Science from Cultural Points of Intersection

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grimberg, Bruna Irene; Gummer, Edith

    2013-01-01

    This study focuses on a professional development program for science teachers near or on American Indian reservations in Montana. This program was framed by culturally relevant pedagogy premises and was characterized by instructional strategies and content foci resulting from the intersection between three cultures: tribal, science teaching, and…

  5. Teaching Assistants' Roles in Daily Mathematics Lessons

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houssart, Jenny

    2012-01-01

    Background: The increasing numbers of teaching assistants (TAs) and their widening role in English primary classrooms is part of wider international developments. Several large quantitative studies have been influential in shaping debate, but little qualitative research exists on TAs and the content of their activity in the key area of…

  6. Teaching in the Standards-Based Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thorson, Annette, Ed.

    2001-01-01

    This issue of "ENC Focus" focuses on teaching in the standards-based classroom. Contents include: (1) "Creating Ideals and Making Them Real" (Annette Thorson); (2) "ENC Partners: Eisenhower National Clearinghouse Sites" (Juyong Pae); (3) "Innovators' Forum"; (4) "Using the Internet: Connecting Students through Collaborative Projects" (Kimberly S.…

  7. Teaching Taekwondo through Mosston's Spectrum of Styles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Na, Jaekwon

    2009-01-01

    Martial arts have recently gained the attention of physical educators as a viable activity in their physical education curriculum. However, physical education teachers may have difficulty teaching martial arts because they have little pedagogical content knowledge and no experience, and because they perceive martial arts to be dangerous and…

  8. Reframing the Dialogue about Committed Teaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowman, Richard F.

    2003-01-01

    There is a pressing need to refocus teacher education on five professional mind sets: reflective (self), collaborative (relationships), analytic (organizations), worldly (context), and action (change). These mind sets affirm that effective, committed teaching requires integration of content expertise and organizational and relationship skills.…

  9. Teaching Mathematical Trade Topics for Conceptual Understanding.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larkin, Alan; Phillips, Keith

    This book is intended to assist trade and industrial education teachers in teaching mathematical trade topics in a way that will increase students' conceptual understanding of them. The first chapter provides an overview of the book's contents and suggests ways of using it. The next five chapters address the following aspects of using principles…

  10. 12/3/12 Topdown signals are needed for object completion in the human visual cortex 1/1ww.journalofvision.org/content/11/11/854.short

    E-print Network

    Kreiman, Gabriel

    12/3/12 Topdown signals are needed for object completion in the human visual cortex 1/1ww September 23, 2011 vol. 11 no. 11 article 854 Top-down signals are needed for object completion in the human latencies reflect indirect evidence for a requirement for enhanced processing, possibly through top-down

  11. Scientific Basis vs. Contextualized Teaching and Learning: The Effect on the Achievement of Postsecondary Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curry, Kevin W., Jr.; Wilson, Elizabeth; Flowers, Jim L.; Farin, Charlotte E.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to compare two teaching methodologies for an integrated agricultural biotechnology course at the postsecondary level. The two teaching methods tested were the explanation of the scientific basis for content (comparison treatment) versus the application of content to a real-world agricultural context (experimental…

  12. Mapping the Structure of Knowledge for Teaching Nominal Categorical Data Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Groth, Randall E.; Bergner, Jennifer A.

    2013-01-01

    This report describes a model for mapping cognitive structures related to content knowledge for teaching. The model consists of knowledge elements pertinent to teaching a content domain, the nature of the connections among them, and a means for representing the elements and connections visually. The model is illustrated through empirical data…

  13. Teaching Language Arts, Math, and Science to Students with Significant Cognitive Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Browder, Diane M., Ed.; Spooner, Fred, Ed.

    2006-01-01

    Under NCLB, students with severe disabilities are expected to make progress on state academic content standards in language arts, math, and science. But what material should educators teach from these three content areas, and how should they teach it? With this groundbreaking textbook, future educators will finally have the answers they need. The…

  14. COGNITION, ACTION, AND OBJECT MANIPULATION

    PubMed Central

    Rosenbaum, David A.; Chapman, Kate M.; Weigelt, Matthias; Weiss, Daniel J.; van der Wel, Robrecht

    2012-01-01

    Although psychology is the science of mental life and behavior, it has paid little attention to the means by which mental life is translated into behavior. One domain where links between cognition and action have been explored is the manipulation of objects. This article reviews psychological research on this topic, with special emphasis on the tendency to grasp objects differently depending on what one plans to do with the objects. Such differential grasping has been demonstrated in a wide range of object manipulation tasks, including grasping an object in a way that reveals anticipation of the object's future orientation, height, and required placement precision. Differential grasping has also been demonstrated in a wide range of behaviors, including one-hand grasps, two-hand grasps, walking, and transferring objects from place to place as well as from person to person. The populations in whom the tendency has been shown are also diverse, including nonhuman primates as well as human adults, children, and babies. Meanwhile, the tendency is compromised in a variety of clinical populations and in children of a surprisingly advanced age. Verbal working memory is compromised as well if words are memorized while object manipulation tasks are performed; the recency portion of the serial position curve is reduced in this circumstance. In general, the research reviewed here points to rich connections between cognition and action as revealed through the study of object manipulation. Other implications concern affordances, Donders' Law, and naturalistic observation and the teaching of psychology. PMID:22448912

  15. Teaching tolerance

    PubMed Central

    Cousens, Leslie P.; Mingozzi, Federico; van der Marel, Sander; Su, Yan; Garman, Richard; Ferreira, Valerie; Martin, William; Scott, David W.; De Groot, Anne S.

    2012-01-01

    Babies born with Pompe disease require life-long treatment with enzyme-replacement therapy (ERT). Despite the human origin of the therapy, recombinant human lysosomal acid ? glucosidase (GAA, rhGAA), ERT unfortunately leads to the development of high titers of anti-rhGAA antibody, decreased effectiveness of ERT, and a fatal outcome for a significant number of children who have Pompe disease. The severity of disease, anti-drug antibody (ADA) development, and the consequences thereof are directly related to the degree of the enzyme deficiency. Babies born with a complete deficiency GAA are said to have cross-reactive immunologic material (CRIM)–negative Pompe disease and are highly likely to develop GAA ADA. Less frequently, GAA ADA develop in CRIM-positive individuals. Currently, GAA-ADA sero-positive babies are treated with a combination of immunosuppressive drugs to induce immunological tolerance to ERT, but the long-term effect of these regimens is unknown. Alternative approaches that might redirect the immune response toward antigen-specific tolerance without immunosuppressive agents are needed. Methods leading to the induction of antigen-specific regulatory T cells (Tregs), using peptides such as Tregitopes (T regulatory cell epitopes) are under consideration for the future treatment of CRIM-negative Pompe disease. Tregitopes are natural T cell epitopes derived from immunoglobulin G (IgG) that cause the expansion and activation of regulatory T cells (Treg). Teaching the immune system to tolerate GAA by co-delivering GAA with Tregitope peptides might dramatically improve the lives of CRIM-negative babies and could be applied to other enzyme replacement therapies to which ADA have been induced. PMID:23095864

  16. Teaching and assessing medical ethics: where are we now?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K Mattick; J Bligh

    2006-01-01

    Objectives: To characterise UK undergraduate medical ethics curricula and to identify opportunities and threats to teaching and learning.Design: Postal questionnaire survey of UK medical schools enquiring about teaching and assessment, including future perspectives.Participants: The lead for teaching and learning at each medical school was invited to complete a questionnaire.Results: Completed responses were received from 22\\/28 schools (79%). Seventeen respondents deemed

  17. A Pilot Study to Investigate the Effectiveness of Multimedia CD-ROM vis-a-vis Traditional Print-Based Technology in Teaching Fourth-Grade Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shana, Zuhrieh A.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the degree of effectiveness of multimedia technology in teaching in comparison to the traditional print-based teaching methods. Multimedia CD was designed to teach the second semester unit of science and Islamic studies for the fourth graders. The unit's content was the same in the print-based teaching

  18. Professional development in college science teaching

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thomas, Aimee Kathryn

    Graduate students earning a doctorate in the sciences historically focus their work on research and not professional development in college science teaching. However, for those who go on to a career in academia, a majority of their time will be dedicated to teaching. During the past few years, graduate teaching assistants (GTAs) have been prepared to teach by attending a daylong workshop that included logistical information, but left pedagogy largely unexplored. Since that time, a seminar has been added to provide an introduction to pedagogical theory and practices and to provide practice teaching in the biological sciences laboratory course. Yet, more pedagogical preparation is needed. This study was conducted to determine if there was a need for a teaching certificate program for doctoral students in the College of Science and Technology (CoST) at The University of Southern Mississippi. The GTA respondents studied set teaching goals that were consistent with faculty members across the country; however, this research went further by finding out how competent the GTAs perceived they were and how much support they perceived they needed with respect to teaching and professional development. The GTAs did not differ in their perceived level of competence based on experience level; however, the less experienced GTAs did perceive they needed more support than the experienced GTAs. To help GTAs develop a skill set that many CoST graduates currently lack, it is recommended that the University provide ample training and supervision. Establishing a certificate program can potentially impact the community in the following ways: (1) the training of GTAs contributes to the academic preparation of future academic professionals who will be teaching in various institutions; (2) GTA training provides professional development and awareness that teaching requires life long professional development; (3) ensuring competent academicians, not only in content but also in pedagogy; (4) GTAs can encourage or incite undergraduates' interest to choose a career in the sciences; and (5) make our graduates more marketable. Since 68% of current GTAs were interested in a teaching position, the University should allocate time to educate the GTAs who are currently teaching or plan to teach as a profession.

  19. Light Sets Tiny Objects Aquiver --Cho 2005 (712): 2 --sciencenow http://sciencenow.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/2005/712/2 1 of 2 7/14/2005 11:55 AM

    E-print Network

    narrow the laser beams in CD and DVD players. #12;Light Sets Tiny Objects Aquiver -- Cho 2005 (712): 2 against the lip of the disk. When the pressure from the accumulating light was strong enough, it caused

  20. Using the Teach Astronomy Website to Enrich Introductory Astronomy Classes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hardegree-Ullman, K. K.; Impey, C. D.; Patikkal, A.; Austin, C. L.

    2013-04-01

    This year we implemented Teach Astronomy as a free online resource to be used as a teaching tool for non-science major astronomy courses and for a general audience interested in the subject. The comprehensive astronomy content of the website includes: an introductory text book, encyclopedia articles, images, two to three minute topical video clips, podcasts, and news articles. Teach Astronomy utilizes a novel technology to cluster, display, and navigate search results, called a Wikimap. We will present an overview of how Teach Astronomy works and how instructors can use it as an effective teaching tool in the classroom. Additionally, we will gather feedback from science instructors on how to improve the features and functionality of the website, as well as develop new assignment ideas using Teach Astronomy.